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INTERNATIONAL EDITION

THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 1, 2011

108TH YEAR I ©2011 THE MIAMI HERALD

Rebels say GROWING INFLUENCE Gadhafi is cornered in Libyan town SURGE IN GLOBAL MIGRATION EXPANDS AID GROUP’S SCOPE

BY JASON DEPARLE

New York Times Service

DHAKA, Bangladesh — As global migration has rapidly expanded, so has the influence of a little-known group whose eclectic work shapes migrants’ lives across six continents. Here in Bangladesh it has staged folk dramas to warn against sex trafficking, put solar panels on a remote border post and rescued tens of thousands of Bangladeshi workers caught in the Libyan war, at times with daring sea ventures that defied rocket attacks. Part think tank, part handyman crew, the International Organization for Migration has become the who-you-gonna-call outfit for 132 member countries grappling with the surge in migration, both legal and unauthor-

ized. Its rapid growth is a sign that migration has outgrown most countries’ ability to manage on their own. “I haven’t made it to a country yet where migration hasn’t been high on the list of priorities,” said William Swing, the director general. Yet even as its duties grow, the group operates under tight constraints that reflect the special worries migration can arouse. The United States and other rich donors largely dictate its agenda and ensure it does not erode their power to decide which migrants they admit and how many. “It helps them bring in the people they want and keep out the people they don’t,” said Joseph Chamie, a researcher at the Center for Migration Studies in New York.

To understand the group’s rapid growth and varied duties consider Bangladesh, where the $10 billion that migrants send home accounts for 13 percent of the economy — making the export of people nearly as vital as the export of shirts. But migrants borrow heavily to finance their trips, and the labor recruiting industry is rife with scams. Since Bangladesh joined in 1991, the organization has sponsored dozens of projects to promote its goal of “managed” migration. It put microscopes in the Dhaka airport to detect passport fraud. It helped start an orientation program for departing workers. And it helped write a new anti-trafficking law. “On every issue they are helping us,” said Kazi Kalam, deputy secretary of the Ministry of Ex-

patriates’ Welfare and Overseas Employment, which the migration group helped create. Among the workers it returned from Libya this spring was Shofiqul Islam, 35, who described the migration group as a rare source of help in a disturbing two-year odyssey. He paid $5,000 to a recruiter who sent him to Libya without the promised job. The recruiter’s accomplices tried to sell him into forced labor. Even after he escaped, the Libyan police demanded bribes to overlook his invalid visa. Then came the bombs. When Islam reached the Tunisian border, the migration group offered shelter, a plane ticket to Dhaka and fare for the overnight bus home. • TURN TO IMMIGRATION, 2A

SHAHIDUL ALAM/NEW YORK TIMES SERVICE

The International Organization for Migration helped Shofiqul Islam, center, to leave Libya and return to his home in Bangladesh.

BY ROD NORDLAND

New York Times Service

TRIPOLI, Libya — Rebel fighters believe they have cornered Col. Moammar Gadhafi in the desert town of Bani Walid, only 150 miles from the capital, and have called on him to give up peacefully to avoid further bloodshed, a top official of the transition government said Wednesday. “Since today we have learned that he is staying in Bani Walid,” said Abdul Hafith Ghoga, the deputy chairman of the Transitional National Council, in a telephone interview from his home in Benghazi. “We are waiting to give him a chance to surrender.” There was no way to corroborate Ghoga’s claim on the location of Gadhafi, whose ability to outrun the rebel forces that toppled him last week has prevented them from claiming absolute victory in the struggle in Libya, the Arab Spring’s most violent uprising. Previous assertions by rebel forces concerning the whereabouts of Gadhafi and his family, routed from their Tripoli compound on Aug. 23, have proved premature or false. But Ghoga’s claim, if true, would represent the first information on the location of the fugitive former leader who ruled Libya for 42 years. The transition government formed by the rebels has given recalcitrant Gadhafi relatives and their loyalists until this Saturday to stop fighting without conditions. Ghoga also confirmed reports that one of Gadhafi’s sons, • TURN TO LIBYA, 2A

U.S. sues to block AT&T bid to buy T-Mobile BY JOELLE TESSLER AND PETE YOST Associated Press

WASHINGTON — The U.S. Justice Department filed suit Wednesday to block AT&T’s $39 billion deal to buy T-Mobile USA on grounds that it would raise prices for consumers. The government contends that the acquisition of the No. 4 wireless carrier in the country by No. 2 AT&T would reduce competition. Deputy Attorney General James Cole said the combination would result in “tens of millions of consumers all across the United States facing higher prices, fewer choices and lower quality products for mobile wireless services.” The lawsuit seeks to ensure that everyone can continue to receive the benefits of competition, said Cole. AT&T said it would fight and ask for an expedited court hearing “so the enormous benefits of this merger can be fully reviewed.” The company said the government “has the burden of proving alleged anti-competitive effects, and we intend to vigorously contest this matter in court.” Four nationwide providers — Verizon, AT&T, T-Mobile and Sprint — account for more than 90 percent of mobile wireless connections. • TURN TO AT&T, 2A

PANEL FINDS WIDESPREAD WASTE AND FRAUD IN U.S. WAR SPENDING, 3A

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Iran concerned West will benefit from Arab Spring BY RICK GLADSTONE

New York Times Service

Iran’s supreme leader admonished the West and Israel on Wednesday not to seek advantage from the anti-government uprisings convulsing the Arab Muslim world, delivering the warning in a nationally broadcast speech that appeared to reflect new unease in Tehran over the course of events among its strategic neighbors, particularly Syria. The speech by the leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, held at Tehran University to commemorate eid al Fitr, the Muslim holiday, was officially described in Iran’s state-run press as a respectful tribute to the revolutionary movements that have reawakened Muslim populations to “their genuine Islamic identity.” But the speech included a cautionary caveat that suggested Iranian leaders are worried about

ayatollah said. However, he said, “if the imperialist and hegemonic powers and Zionism, including the U.S. tyrannical and despotic regime, manage to use the ongoing conditions in their own favor, the world of Islam will definitely face big problems for tens of years.” The omission of Syria in his remarks was especially conspicuous, underlining Iran’s own ambivalence about how to deal with events unfolding there. Iran has been the strongest ally of Syria’s President Bashar al Assad throughout the five-month-old anti-government uprising in Syria, which Assad has sought to supAFP-GETTY IMAGES press with ferocious brutality in Iran’s Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei speaking the face of growing international during Eid al Fitr prayers at Tehran University on Wednesday. isolation. But in recent days even Iran has asked the Assad regime the possibility of outcomes that Egypt, Tunisia, Yemen, Libya, Bah- to find a way to accommodate diminish their influence as these rain and certain other countries to- demands of the Syrian protest movements progress. day are decisive and destiny mak“The events taking place in ing for the Muslim nations,” the • TURN TO IRAN, 2A

For Mexico’s accused criminals, made-for-TV confessions BY WILLIAM BOOTH

Washington Post Service

MEXICO CITY — Hours after his capture, authorities paraded the alleged mass murderer Oscar Osvaldo Garcia before the news media to have his picture taken. This performance — called “the presentation” — is an almost daily ritual in Mexico. What is new: Mexican law enforcement officers are increas-

SARKOZY DENIES ACCUSATIONS OF ILLEGAL CAMPAIGN CASH, 6A

ingly bolstering these high-profile “perp walks” with edited video clips of the accused confessing their crimes on camera. In Mexico, as in the United States, the bad guys have the right to ask for a lawyer. Instead they tell police things like, “I killed 600 people.” Which is exactly what Garcia said in his 15 minutes of fame. And he is not alone.

WHERE PAY FOR CHIEFS OUTSTRIPS U.S. TAXES, BUSINESS FRONT

Though fishy admissions of guilt, coerced and otherwise, have been a fixture of Mexico’s troubled judicial system for decades, the era of the videotaped confession has arrived. In recent months, El Chango admitted he was the leader of La Familia cartel; El Pajaro said on camera he was responsible for a deadly grenade attack; El Mamito agreed he owned five “narco tanks.”

These sensational videotaped confessions have become the latest tactic employed by media-savvy officials trying to convince a skeptical electorate that authorities are not just arresting criminals, but criminals guilty of the crimes of which they are accused. “This is for the authorities, who want to show they are working • TURN TO MEXICO, 4A

VENUS WILLIAMS DROPS OUT OF U.S. OPEN, SPORTS FRONT

INDEX THE AMERICAS ...........4A U.S. NEWS ....................5A OPINION ........................7A COMICS & PUZZLES ...6B

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THE MIAMI HERALD 01 SEPTEMBER 2011