Issuu on Google+

MiamiHerald.com HOTEL COPIES: A copy of The Miami Herald will be delivered to your room. A credit of US$0.25 will be posted to your account if delivery is declined.

INTERNATIONAL EDITION

TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 1, 2011

108TH YEAR I ©2011 THE MIAMI HERALD

Army refuses to fire on protesters in Egypt

CHAOS IN CAIRO

MICHAEL ROBINSON CHAVEZ/LOS ANGELES TIMES SERVICE

AS FOREIGNERS FLEE

BY ANTHONY SHADID, DAVID D. KIRKPATRICK AND KAREEM FAHIM

New York Times Service

sia sending two planes each and the Czech Republic one. They said those additional flights had helped ease the airport’s restless crowds but the gains were short-lived as other foreigners and Egyptians poured in. Greek petroleum employee Markos Loukogiannakis, who arrived in Athens on a flight carrying 181 passengers including 65 U.S. citizens, said confusion reigned at Cairo airport and travelers had to negotiate a string of checkpoints to even get there. “In a 22-kilometer [14-mile] route from our suburb to the airport we had to get through 19 checkpoints, including nine manned by civilians,” he said. “There were lots of people gathering at the airport and it was very difficult to get in.” He said security had deteriorated sharply over the past three days in Cairo after police withdrew from the streets. “There was a wave of attacks by criminal elements who engaged in burglaries and wrecked shops and banks. There was a

CAIRO — The Egyptian army announced Monday for the first time that it would not fire on protesters, even as tens of thousands of people gathered in central Liberation Square for a seventh day to shout for the ouster of President Hosni Mubarak. The announcement came after the opposition dismissed Mubarak’s cabinet reshuffle as inadequate and as concerns over violence were heightened by the presence of police officers clustered near the square’s entrances, their first deployment there in three days. Since the demonstrations began last Tuesday, Mubarak has stayed mostly out of sight, apparently intent on waiting for the protesters’ passions to cool. But opposition organizers called for the largest demonstrations yet — a “march of millions” and a general strike — on Tuesday, and the Egyptian economy showed more signs of shutting down, while one benchmark price of crude rose to a two-year high of just over $100 on fears of disrupted flow from the region. Across Liberation Square, trepidation inflected the euphoria. Many protesters suggested that the coming days may be pivotal, as an inchoate movement struggles to maintain the pressure on an entrenched state. In contrast to previous days in the uprising, which were dominated by the young, the demonstrations Monday included a more obvious contingent of older, disciplined protesters and members of the Muslim Brotherhood.

• TURN TO CAIRO, 2A

• TURN TO EGYPT, 2A

FLEEING: Hundreds swarmed to Cairo International Airport in an attempt to leave the country as protests continued.

BY VICTORIA HAZOU AND MENELAOS HADJICOSTIS Associated Press

CAIRO — Cairo’s international airport was a scene of chaos and confusion Monday as thousands of foreigners sought to flee the unrest in Egypt and countries around the world scrambled to send in planes to fly their citizens out. Nerves frayed, shouting matches erupted and some passengers even had a fistfight as thousands crammed into Cairo airport’s new Terminal 3 seeking a flight home. The airport’s departures board stopped announcing flight times in an attempt to reduce tensions — but the plan backfired, fueling passengers’ anger. Making matters worse, checkin counters were poorly staffed because many EgyptAir employees had been unable to get to work due to a 3 p.m.-to-8 a.m. curfew and traffic breakdowns across the Egyptian capital. “It’s an absolute zoo, what a mess,” said Justine Khanzadian, 23, a graduate student from the American University of Cairo. “I decided to leave because of the

protests, the government here is just not stable enough to stay.” The first U.S. government flight departed Cairo for Cyprus in the early afternoon with 42 passengers, followed by three larger flights to Athens and another to Cyprus, according to Elizabeth Colton, a spokeswoman for the American Embassy in Cairo. Towards the end of the day, eight flights had departed carrying around 940 passengers with one last departure scheduled for Monday night. At least six more flights were planned for Tuesday. In Cairo, EgyptAir resumed flights Monday morning after

STUCK: Passengers stranded by the curfew sleep at Cairo airport on Sunday.

BERTRAND COMBALDIEU/AP

Leaders pick dictator to head African Union BY MICHELLE FAUL Associated Press

Defense of Human Rights, said by phone from the summit in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Traditionally, the chairmanship is given to the leader of the country hosting the next summit, but an exception was made in 2005 when it was the turn of Sudan’s Omar al Bashir and African leaders bowed to outside pressures in the uproar over killings in Darfur. They passed over al Bashir and instead kept Nigeria’s Olusegun Obasanjo for a second year. There was also dismay when the Africans appointed Libyan strongman Moammar Gadhafi as chairman in 2009. Gadhafi has ruled Libya since seizing power in a coup in 1969 and was seen as a poor example at a time when Africa’s democratic gains were being reversed, a trend that continues today. This week’s summit, which started Sunday and ended Monday, was dominated by the crisis in Ivory Coast. How African leaders deal with it is important in a year when more than a dozen African countries are to hold elections. Many polls, such as one planned for later this year in Zimbabwe, are likely to be violently contested.

JOHANNESBURG, South Africa — African leaders have chosen Equatorial Guinea’s coup plotter and dictator of 31 years to serve as their ceremonial leader this year, a move critics said Monday could undermine the African Union’s attempt to confront other leaders who cling to power. Human rights groups accuse President Teodoro Obiang of violating the very rights that the AU is sworn to uphold. They say he has made himself, his family and some cronies fabulously wealthy while the majority of people in the oilrich Central African nation struggle in deep poverty. Obiang claimed to have won 95 percent of the vote after Equatorial Guinea’s elections in 2009, making him an unlikely critic of Ivory Coast’s incumbent leader Laurent Gbagbo, who refuses to cede power two months after the international community said he lost the vote. “Neither the African Union nor Africans deserve a leader whose regime is notorious for abuses, corruption and a total disregard for the welfare of its people,” Alioune Tine, president of the Dakar, Senegal-based African Assembly for the • TURN TO AFRICA, 2A

IRAN SUMMONS U.S. HIKER FOR SPYING TRIAL, 3A

01PGA01.indd 1

a roughly 14-hour break because of the curfew and its inability to field enough crew. Over 20 hours, only 26 of about 126 EgyptAir flights operated, airport officials said, speaking on condition of anonymity. By midday, an announcement filtered through the crowd instructing groups of Danish, German, Chinese, British and Canadian passengers that their governments had sent planes to evacuate them — causing a stampede to the gates. The officials said many countries were working to evacuate their citizens, with Turkey sending four flights, Israel and Rus-

Davos leaders cautiously optimistic BY EDITH M. LEDERER Associated Press

of other commodities and lead to politically risky inflation around the world, experts said. Higher prices are seen alongside unemployment as one of the reasons for anti-government protests in Asia last year and more recently in the Arab world. While prospects and risks for the world economy dominated Davos discussions, there was also a growing focus on the impact of globalization and the interconnectedness of the world via the Internet. The lessons of WikiLeaks, the

secret-spilling site, generated hot debate but no agreement on what governments, business and the Internet should do, and whether there should be any regulations. When more than 2,500 of the best and brightest in business, government, academia and civic life met this week, there was broad agreement that things are looking up from 2010 but also concerns about obstacles on the road to recovery.

DAVOS, Switzerland — Cautiously optimistic about the rebounding global economy, top business and government leaders have wrapped up their annual meeting with calls for economic growth to help the world’s poor and jobless who have taken to the streets in protest. The five-day World Economic Forum met as Tunisia and Egypt were roiled by protests fueled by • TURN TO DAVOS, 2A a lack of jobs and political inclusion, putting the issue of poverty and the implications of increasing insecurity high on the agenda. “It is just imperative for all of us as companies and as countries to focus on saying that ‘I’m making our growth more inclusive,’ ” said Chanda Kochhar, chief executive of ICICI Bank, the largest private bank in India. “Gone are the days [when] it’s just enough to say that some people will earn theirs, and then they will distribute,” she said at a closing panel on the Global Agenda in 2011. “I think the model has to shift to the grassroots to say, ‘can we create enough basic stability plus employment generation opportunities for each and every VIRGINIA MAYO/AP [one] of the small individuals — NEW APPROACH: Chanda Kochhar, chief executive of India’s to participate in growth.’ ” The rising cost of food could ICICI Bank, says companies and countries should strive for also eventually force up the cost more inclusive growth.

INDONESIAN STAR JAILED FOR SEX TAPE SCANDAL, 6A

EU SEEKS TO DOUBLE INVESTMENT IN RENEWABLE ENERGY, BUSINESS FRONT

NFC CRUISES TO WIN PRO BOWL, 55-41, SPORTS FRONT

INDEX THE AMERICAS.......... 4A U.S. NEWS.................... 5A OPINION....................... 7A COMICS & PUZZLES.. 6B

2/1/2011 5:42:44 AM


2A

TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 1, 2011

INTERNATIONAL EDITION

FROM THE FRONT PAGE

MiamiHerald.com

THE MIAMI HERALD

Foreigners flee Protests persist across Egypt from Cairo • EGYPT, FROM 1A

• CAIRO, FROM 1A

lot of shooting and residents took up the burden of protecting their property,” he said. In a geopolitical shift, even Iraq decided it would evacuate its citizens, sending three planes to Egypt — including the prime minister’s plane — to bring home for free all those who wish to return. Thousands of Iraqis had once fled to Egypt to escape the violence in their own country. About 800 Iraqis had left Cairo by Monday afternoon, said Capt. Mohammed al Moussawi, a crew member for the prime minister’s office. He said the flights would continue until all those who wished to return had done so. Nearly 320 Indian nationals were evacuated from Cairo to Mumbai on board a special Air India flight and another 275 expected to reach Mumbai later in the day. An Azerbaijan flight carrying 80 adults, 23 children and the body of an Azeri Embassy accountant killed in the unrest arrived in Baku. China sent two planes and was sending two more charter flights Tuesday to help pick up an estimated 500 Chinese stranded in Cairo. It issued a warning urging citizens not travel to Egypt had embassy personnel hand out food and water to Chinese passengers at the airport. That echoed earlier

warnings from Britain, Sweden, Finland, Norway, Denmark and the Czech Republic, which all advised against all nonessential travel to Egypt. Many European tour companies canceled trips to the country until Feb. 23, others left the cancellations open until further notice. One big question was what to do with the tens of thousands of tourists in other parts of Egypt. Tour operators say they will fly home all their customers this week when their holidays end, or on extra flights, stressing there has not been any unrest in Red Sea resort cities like Hurghada or Sharm el-Sheik. Britain estimated there were around 30,000 U.K. tourists and long-term residents in Egypt, but said Monday it has no plans to evacuate British citizens. Foreign Secretary William Hague has advised against all but essential travel to Cairo, Alexandria, Luxor and Suez. Poland's Foreign Ministry spokesman Marcin Bosacki, however, said food shortages were starting to be felt at Egyptian resorts and some restaurants were refusing to serve foreigners. He said the Polish airline LOT would fly to Cairo on Tuesday to bring back those hoping to return but added there was no immediate need for an evacuation.

The Islamist organization, outlawed under the Mubarak government, has been playing a steadily larger role in the demonstrations, after holding back at the outset. The president appeared fatigued in a ceremony broadcast on state television in which he welcomed a new interior minister, Mahmoud Wagdy, a retired general, who will oversee the police. He replaced Habib el Adly, who had been interior minister since 1997 and came under sharp criticism from human rights advocates for tolerating — or even encouraging — torture and other police abuses. Mubarak left several longtime associates in place, including the foreign minister, the minister of information and the defense minister. With the Internet still broadly disrupted, Egyptians gathered at mosques around the city for noon prayers and then marched by the hundreds and thousands toward Liberation (Tahrir) Square on Monday, passing groups of security police and soldiers. “I brought my American passport today in case I die today," said Marwan Mossaad, 33, a graduate student of architecture with dual Egyptian-U.S. citizenship. “I want the American people to know that they are supporting one of the most oppressive regimes in the world and Americans are also dying for it."

BEN CURTIS/AP

FOR A CAUSE: Egyptians dressed in white shrouds demonstrate in Cairo. “Come down, Egyptians!" chanted one group heading to the square, drawing men into their march from the buildings they passed. The group, led by older men, linked hands and kept to one lane of traffic, allowing cars to pass. At the square, they joined protesters who had stayed all night in defiance of a curfew that the authorities are now seeking to enforce at 5 p.m., an hour earlier. The numbers in the square appeared to exceed those of previous days, despite efforts by the military to corral the protesters into a narrower space. Army troops checked the identity of people entering the square and began placing a cordon of concrete barriers and razor wire around its access routes, news reports said. But there were no immediate reports of clashes with the protesters, who have cast the mili-

tary as their ally and protector. As military helicopters circled overhead, demonstrators jabbed their fists in the air, chanting, “The people and the army are one hand." Witnesses in Alexandria, Egypt’s second city on the Mediterranean coast, said police had returned to the streets there, though only in small numbers and accompanied by soldiers. International oil companies are closing local offices, evacuating nonessential personnel and family dependents, and telling their Egyptian employees to stay home, but most companies said there had been little impact so far on exploration and production activities centered in the Gulf of Suez, the Western Desert and the Nile Delta. ENI, the Italian oil company and largest foreign producer in Egypt, said it was operating its produc-

tion fields normally. BP, the British company with considerable operations in Egypt, also announced that its production had not been affected. Apache, the United States oil company with the greatest exposure in Egypt, said its production operations were normal. After falling on Friday, Apache’s stock price recovered on Monday. One exception is Statoil, the Norwegian company, which said it had halted offshore drilling in the El Dabaa area west of the Nile Delta. The return of police forces to the street came as. Mubarak replaced his brutal interior minister, elAdly. Protesters had called for his resignation last week as Egypt’s widely reviled security forces cracked down harshly on protesters in Cairo and other cities. But some analysts dismissed Mubarak’s cabinet changes as window dressing that did not even meet the protest movement halfway. “It is disappointing," said Gamal Abdel Gawad, of the Ahram Center for Political and Strategic Studies. “There was an opportunity to use this cabinet as the tool to reconcile with the opposition by bringing in political figures from the political spectrum. But now we are back to a government of technocrats. Many of them are very good and well-respected people, but the question now is about politics; it’s not about policies.”

Dictator to head African Union Leaders at Davos • AFRICA, FROM 1A

Zimbabwe’s President Robert Mugabe, who has ruled since 1980, despite 2008 elections that were violent and widely condemned as fraudulent, took part in a meeting to decide “a democratic solution” to the Ivory Coast stalemate. Some question whether leaders at the two-day summit are seeing the writing blazed on the wall by Tunisian protesters whose popular revolt ousted 23-year dictator Zine Al Abidine Ben Ali. His was a notable absence from the summit, as was that of embattled President of Egypt, Hosni Mubarak, and Gadhafi. Sudan’s president was in attendance even though stu-

01PGA02.indd 2

dents in his nation on Sunday began protests inspired by the success of Tunisia’s uprising. Such protests are unlikely in Equatorial Guinea, where human rights groups say any sign of dissent is met with arrests and incarceration in a prison notorious for torture and starvation. Last year, four alleged coup plotters were executed just an hour after they were condemned. Since oil was discovered in Equatorial Guinea some 20 years ago, the country’s per capita income has grown larger than that of some European countries, making it the richest nation in sub-Saharan Africa. Yet life for the average citizen has become harsher: according to U.N. figures the

number of infants dying has increased while only 30 percent of children complete primary school. Only a third of the population has running water and electricity and 60 percent live on less than a dollar a day. New York-based Human Rights Watch condemned Obiang’s appointment and added, “Even if the AU elects Obiang as its chair, members should not allow him to stall the AU’s efforts and progress in tackling African human rights crises,” notably in Ivory Coast. At a summit with the theme of unity, the Ivory Coast crisis only served to mark fundamental differences between African leaders. West Africans led by economic giant Nigeria stuck to their guns in

supporting opposition leader Alassane Ouattara, whom the United Nations and European Union also have recognized as the winner of November elections. But South Africa has been suggesting a re-count of votes, supporting the position of the intransigent incumbent, Gbagbo. South Africa’s stand is supported by Uganda, Angola and Equatorial Guinea — those last three all led by men accused of hanging onto power through questionable elections. Gbagbo also has suggested a power-sharing deal to resolve the Ivorian stalemate — much like the unity governments that emerged in Zimbabwe and Kenya after violence-plagued elections, with mixed success.

display optimism • DAVOS, FROM 1A

“The mood is much better here, but I’m cautious,” said Zhu Min, former deputy governor of the Bank of China who is now special advisor to International Monetary Fund Managing Director Dominique Strauss-Kahn. “We should not be over-optimistic because we’re not out of the woods yet,” he warned in an AP interview. While the IMF is forecasting another year of strong global economic growth — 4.4 percent in 2011 compared to 5 percent last year — he said there is still “a lot of risk” to deal with including the European debt crisis, capital flows, and income inequality. “I call myself cautiously optimistic,” echoed Jacob Wallenberg, chairman of Swedish-based Investor, the largest industrial holding company in the Nordic region. He cited risks from the Euro, the currency used by 17 EU countries, the U.S. debt issue, economic growth in Japan, and whether China’s fast-growing economy will be hit by a real estate bubble. Paul Bulcke, chief executive of Nestle argued that business and world leaders have to rethink how to promote growth that also includes employment. “Worldwide, there are many, many jobs created,” Bulcke said. “The problem is if you live in Western Europe, you say it’s the wrong place.” In the economic sweepstakes, the spotlight remained on Asia’s two fastest-growing economies, China and India which brought a huge delegation of government officials and business leaders to Davos and sponsored several glitzy events including Saturday night’s closing soiree featuring Indian pop and traditional music to spotlight its rising economic star. Zhu predicted China’s economy would grow by about 9 percent this year, and Kochhar said India’s would increase by “upwards of 8.5 percent.”

But, China Ocean Shipping’s chief executive Wei Jiafu warned that food price rises could eventually force up the cost of other commodities. Ellen Kullman, chairman and chief executive of Dupont which has a large portion of its business in agriculture, told the panel that the farming community is critical to ramping up production for a growing global population. She said 17 companies have partnered with the World Economic Forum on “a new vision for agriculture” aimed at making farming an economically viable and sustainable business so poor farmers can send their children to school and live better. “It’s a long-term issue,” Kullman said, “and we can’t forget that we have to continue to make that progress every year on productivity so that that volatility [in food prices] dampens over time, and you get more into a balanced time,” Sweden’s Wallenberg, also a member of the CocaCola board, said the soft drink manufacturer is pouring resources into ensuring safe water supplies throughout the world. Coca-Cola has in the past been accused of exploiting wells for its soft drinks production at the expense of the local population. Davos is often criticized as a great gabfest without tangible results. Wallenberg said he was struck that Britain’s Prime Minister David Cameron at Davos and U.S. President Barack Obama in his State of The Union address both said the West needs to be more competitive and spend more on research and development to promote innovation. But he said Cameron and former U.S. President Bill Clinton, also at Davos, went a step further saying it’s time to “stop talking, start delivering.” “I think this is key for all of us in the West,” he said. “I think it is key for economic growth that we get our act together.”

2/1/2011 5:49:12 AM


THE MIAMI HERALD

MiamiHerald.com

INTERNATIONAL EDITION

TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 1, 2011

3A

NEWS EXTRA

U.S. hiker summoned for trial in Iran BY ALI AKBAR DAREINI Associated Press

MIKHAIL METZEL/AP

CONTROVERSY: The selection of Saransk, a provincial town in Russia, for the 2018 soccer world cup has raised a lot of questions.

Russia’s unlikely World Cup city looks to cash in

TEHRAN, Iran — Iran has summoned a U.S. woman to return to the country and stand trial on Feb. 6 along with two other U.S. citizens still in custody and accused of spying after crossing the border from Iraq, a judiciary spokesman said Monday. Their families say the U.S. citizens were just intrepid travelers out on a hike in northern Iraq’s scenic — and relatively peaceful — Kurdish region when they were arrested on July 31, 2009. The only woman among them, Sarah Shourd, was released on bail in September and returned to the United States. The U.S. government has denied the charges against them and demanded their release. Their lengthy detention has added to tensions be-

AFP-GETTY IMAGES

WANTED: Sarah Shourd, along with two other U.S. hikers, has been accused of spying by Iran. tween the two nations over issues like Iran’s disputed nuclear program. After her release, Shourd said in an interview with The New York Times that the three inadvertently crossed

the unmarked border because a guard of unknown nationality gestured for them to approach. A Revolutionary Court in Tehran has summoned Shourd to return and stand trial, said judiciary spokesman Gholam Hossein Mohseni Ejehi in remarks carried on the state news agency, IRNA. Her fiance, Shane Bauer, and their friend Josh Fattal remain in prison in Iran. Shourd, from Oakland, has not disclosed any plans to return for trial. Iran has warned it will seize the $500,000 bail if she does not return. Who provided the bail money that was paid as part of a deal brokered by the Gulf sultanate of Oman has never been clear. Ejehi, who is also Iran’s state prosecutor, said the trial date, already postponed before, could be delayed again

if the lawyer for the defendants requests more time. Initially, Tehran accused the three U.S. citizens only of illegally crossing into Iran, but later added espionage charges. Authorities have given few details to support the accusations. Tehran’s chief prosecutor has claimed, without elaborating, that the U.S. citizens had “equipment and documents and received training.” The three U.S. citizens are graduates of the University of California at Berkeley. Shourd and Bauer had been living together in Damascus, Syria, where Bauer was working as a freelance journalist and Shourd as an English teacher. Fattal, an environmental activist, went to visit them in July 2009. Bauer is a native of Onamia, Minn., and Fattal grew up in Pennsylvania.

BY NATALIYA VASILYEVA Associated Press

SARANSK, Russia — Dry snow creaks under the feet of Klara Shishkina as she walks to the frozen Insar River, where a half-built bridge from the opposite bank ends in midair over her wooden gingerbread-style home. All of the houses in Tambovskaya street are to be torn down to make way for the bridge, one of many construction projects aimed at helping this out-of-theway city welcome tens of thousand international soccer fans when Russia hosts the 2018 World Cup. Shishkina, a 51-year-old school teacher, is proud that Saransk was among the 13 cities picked. “But why should this be done at my expense? It’s like we are back in Stalin’s era when you get shot if you refuse to comply,” she said. The choice of Saransk, a tidy town of five-story, Soviet-style concrete apartment blocks, raises a number of questions, including: Why does the biggest sport event on earth need a provincial town of 300,000 people, a good 600 kilometers from Moscow? And, who might be benefitting from the Russian government’s decision? Prime Minister Vladimir Putin has said that Russia will spend at least $10 billion on upgrades to infrastructure in the 13 host cities, with much of the money to come from private companies. The amount of federal budget money has not been specified. DOUBTS But it’s not clear what use Saransk’s new, 40,000-seat World Cup stadium will be after the tournament ends. The local soccer club usually can’t fill its current, 14,000 seat facility. Meanwhile, critics of governor Nikolai Merkushkin, who has run the Mordovia region where Saransk is located for 15 years, also claim that he and his family stand to profit from World Cup projects. A lawyer helping Shishkina fight eviction points to an alternative route for the bridge that would not affect the homes. He claims a construction firm run by the governor’s brother plans to build high rises on the picturesque river bank. The bridge will link the city with the stadium site, but locals suspect that it is merely a pretext to clear the land from their unsightly houses and leave more space for housing development. “Everyone in Mordovia knows that there is corruption involved in this construction,” said the lawyer, Sergei Serebryakov. The city’s transformation is seen at the city’s main hotel. A “second-class” room priced at $30 offers a glimpse into its shabby Soviet past, with a worn-out carpet, noisy refrigerator and two tiny beds. Across the hall, a new standard room going for $100 has all the amenities of a three-star hotel. Apart from renovation, local authorities are planning to build a dozen new hotels, including two luxury five-star hotels which they expect to be frequented by business travellers after the World Cup. The local airport, which currently serves a few regional flights a day, will be upgraded at a cost of some 350 million rubles ($11.4 million). At least 12 billion rubles will go toward improving roads in the next three years and 5.5 billion rubles will be spent on the stadium. NEED FOR FUNDS Mordovia is counting on federal funds as well as private investment, Merkushkin said in an interview with The Associated Press. That is a lot of money for a region with fewer than 1 million people, where the average monthly salary is only 9,500 rubles. Mordovia has two major factories producing freight cars and containers, but it is predominantly an agricultural region known for its potatoes and milk. The governor says Saransk is small and will need fewer tickets for the games, leaving more seats available for visitors. The airport is so close to town and the stadium that fans can be whisked to their seats in 25 minutes. Merkushkin laughed off the suggestion that his relatives would benefit from the World Cup and said his family’s business interests have been “blown out of proportion.” He said his elder brother does not build roads or stadiums, but is involved in housing. “I’d like to ask him to take part in building the hotels but he is reluctant,” the governor said. The governor promised strict oversight over finances to make the World Cup a success. “Our goal is not to try to make money, but to go down in history,” he said. Merkushkin’s elder brother owns a controlling stake in the main construction company, that receives government contracts. The governor’s younger brother is chief executive of a major local oil company, while Merkushkin’s son has extensive interests in agriculture and has been accused of using his connection to seize land.

01PGA03.indd 3

ALAN BOSWELL/MCT

JUBILANT: A woman celebrating in Juba, the capital of southern Sudan, after the official results of the referendum, indicating that over 99 percent of southern Sudanese voted for an independent state.

Southern Sudan chooses secession BY MAGGIE FICK

Associated Press

JUBA, Sudan — Southern Sudan’s referendum commission said more than 99 percent of voters in the south opted to secede from the country’s north in a vote held earlier this month. The announcement drew cheers from a crowd of thousands that gathered in Juba, the dusty capital of what may become the world’s newest country. The weeklong vote, held in early January and widely praised for being peaceful and for meeting international standards, was a condition of a 2005 peace agreement that ended a north-south civil war that lasted two decades and killed 2 million people. The head of the commission’s southern bureau, Justice Chan Reec Madut, said that voter turnout in the 10 states in the south was also 99 percent. He said only some 16,000 voters in the south chose to remain united with northern Sudan, while 3.7 million chose to separate.

In northern Sudan, 58 percent of voters chose secession, said Mohamed Ibrahim Khalil, chairman of the referendum commission. He said some 60 percent of eligible voters participated. Southern Sudanese voters in eight foreign countries overwhelmingly supported secession, he said, with 99 percent support for secession among the 97 percent of voters who participated. In the United States, he said, more than 99 percent of the 8,500 southerners who cast votes chose secession. “These results lead to a change of situation,” said Khalil after he read the results. “That change relates only to the constitutional form of relationship between north and south. North and south are drawn together in indissoluble geographic and historic bonds.” Referendum commission officials did not announce an overall percentage total for all votes cast. The commission’s website said that 98.8 percent of vot-

ers chose secession, but noted that the figure may change. If the process stays on track, southern Sudan will become the world’s newest country in July. Border demarcation, oil rights and the status of the contested region of Abyei still have to be negotiated. U.N. chief Ban Ki-moon praised the conduct of the election, but said much still needed to be done. “We are still very much concerned about postreferendum issues — border security, citizenship, wealth sharing, demarcation, popular consultations in South Kordofan and Blue Nile States, and most importantly the status of Abyei,” he said while addressing African leaders at an African Union summit in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. “Consolidating the peace in North and South Sudan will require statesmanship, wisdom, patience and the consistent engagement and support of the international community.” Southern Sudan’s presi-

dent Salva Kiir also gave remarks at the results ceremony, speaking mostly in Arabic. “We are still moving forward,” Kiir said in English. “The struggle continues.” Kiir thanked Sudan’s President Omar al Bashir for his leadership and for “making peace possible.” Kiir said the south will declare independence on July 9, but not before. “We are not going to put down the flag of Sudan until July 9,” he said. The event marked the release of the first official primary results from the self-determination vote. The results will not be finalized until February. But announcement did not stop people from celebrating. “I’m very happy because today we have determined our destiny,” said Anna Kaku, 42, who dressed up for the ceremony and joined the spontaneous dancing that followed Kiir’s address. “We fought for so many years, and now we have done this peacefully.”

Federal judge rules health law unconstitutional BY KEVIN SACK

New York Times Service

A second federal judge ruled on Monday that it was unconstitutional for Congress to enact a healthcare law that requires all U.S. citizens to obtain commercial insurance, evening the score at two-to-two in the lower courts as the conflicting opinions begin their path to the Supreme Court. Judge Roger Vinson of Federal District Court in Pensacola, Fla., ruled that the law will remain in effect until all appeals are conclud-

ed, a process that could take two years. However, Judge Vinson determined that the entire law should fall if appellate courts agree with his opinion that the insurance requirement if invalid. The judge’s ruling came in the most prominent of the more than 20 legal challenges mounted against some aspect of the sweeping health law, which was enacted last year by a Democratic Congress and signed by U.S. President Barack Obama in March. The plaintiffs include governors and attorneys gen-

eral from 26 states, all but one of them Republicans, as well as the National Federation of Independent Business, which represents small companies. Officials from six states joined the lawsuit just this month after shifts in party control brought by November’s midterm elections. In December, Judge Henry E. Hudson of Federal District Court in Richmond, Va., who was appointed by former U.S. President George W. Bush, became the first to invalidate the insurance

mandate. Two other federal judges put on the bench by former President Bill Clinton, a Democrat, have upheld the law. The Florida plaintiffs, led by that state’s former attorney general, Bill McCollum, ensured they would draw a Republican-appointed judge by filing the lawsuit in Pensacola. McCollum left office this month after losing last year’s Republican gubernatorial primary, but his successor, Pam Bondi, also a Republican, fully supports the lawsuit.

2/1/2011 2:54:28 AM


4A

TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 1, 2011

INTERNATIONAL EDITION

THE AMERICAS

MiamiHerald.com

THE MIAMI HERALD

Chavez’s fresh move looms over funding of nonprofits BY IAN JAMES

Associated Press

ALEXANDRE MENEGHINI/AP

VICTORIOUS: Supporters of Angel Aguirre, candidate for governor of the state of Guerrero, celebrating the preliminary results of the elections Monday.

Leftist party set to win in Mexican election BY SERGIO FLORES Associated Press

ACAPULCO, Mexico — A gubernatorial candidate who joined Mexico’s main leftist political party less than a year ago appeared headed for victory Monday in the drug-cartel battleground state of Guerrero. Angel Aguirre quickly distanced himself from the party, however, saying that he would form a government that transcends party lines. With 98.7 percent of the vote counted, Aguirre, of the Democratic Revolution Party, had received 56 percent of the vote, compared with 42.6 percent for rival Manuel Anorve of the Institutional Revolutionary Party, according to the election board for Guerrero state, which is home to the Pacific coast resort city of Acapulco. Aguirre joined Democratic Revolution, or the PRD, only in late August after 30 years as a member of the Revolutionary Party, or PRI, which ruled Mexico for seven decades as the single dominant party until it lost the presidency in 2000. “No party will have any quota” of posts in his Cabinet, Aguirre told the Televisa television network. “We are going to choose people based on which women and men of Guerrero can make the great-

est contribution.” Aguirre said he would focus on social programs and job creation, and made little mention of the drug-related violence that plagues the state. Anorve also claimed victory, but was trailing by 13 percentage points. The PRD’s only gubernatorial victories in Mexico’s 31 states over the past two years have come by backing alliance candidates with weak ties to the party, or former PRI members. Outgoing Guerrero Gov. Zeferino Torreblanca won in 2005 on the PRD ticket but largely distanced himself from the party once in office. Aguirre, who served as interim governor for the PRI in the 1990s, could do the same. George Grayson, a Mexico expert at the College of William & Mary in Williamsburg, Virginia, predicted that Aguirre could back Mexico state Gov. Enrique Pena Nieto, a favorite for the PRI presidential nomination next year. “In his race to succeed [President Felipe] Calderon, Pena Nieto faces a win-win situation in Guerrero,” Grayson wrote in an analysis. Still, Aguirre supporters celebrated Monday, waving yellow banners and chanting “Don’t fail us!” The vote followed an acrimonious campaign be-

tween the two former party allies and second-cousins. The first of six gubernatorial elections this year in Mexico, it sets the stage for the 2012 presidential election. The PRI had hoped that a win in Guerrero would give it momentum as it seeks to regain the presidency, which it controlled for 71 years before losing it in 2000 to Calderon’s National Action Party. But the PRI’s hopes were damaged after National Action, trailing badly in the polls, threw its support behind Aguirre. Such uncomfortable alliances between the conservative PAN and the leftist PRD helped defeat the PRI in three gubernatorial races last year. During the campaign, the PRD demanded probe into Anorve’s finances after the newspaper Reforma published allegations from a protected witness who said in court documents that the PRI candidate had received millions in cash from drug gangs. Anorve angrily denied those allegations. The federal Attorney General’s Office dismissed the significance of the documents, saying in a statement that secret witness testimony has no value unless backed by concrete evidence. The statement stressed that there is no criminal investigation against Anorve.

U.S. inconsistent on immigration law BY KATE BRUMBACK Associated Press

ATLANTA — Some local law enforcement agencies, particularly in the Southeast, are turning over illegal immigrants who commit even minor offenses to U.S. authorities for deportation, while others are focused on deporting more violent criminals, according to a report released Monday. The report by the Migration Policy Institute, a Washington-based nonpartisan think tank, said conflicting messages from the U.S. government and local political pressure may account for the discrepancy. The study, which examined a program that allows participating local agencies to enforce federal immigra-

tion law, found that several agencies in the Southeast were turning over every illegal immigrant taken into custody. An influx of immigrants in the generally conservative region has heightened political tension, the report said. North Carolina, Georgia, Tennessee and South Carolina were in the top six in terms of growth rates of foreign-born populations from 1990 to 2009. “This regional pattern reflects common political pressures that stem from rapid demographic change,” the report said. The study focused on the 287(g) program — named for the section of federal law governing it — issued by U.S. Immigration and Cus-

toms Enforcement. The U.S. Homeland Security Department, which includes ICE, in 2009 wrote new contracts for the local-federal partnerships and issued new guidelines telling local officers to focus primarily on illegal immigrants charged with crimes like rape, murder, robbery or drug offenses. But top U.S. government officials — who have said the program that is in place in 71 jurisdictions nationwide can also be useful for deporting illegal immigrants when resources allow — offer a conflicting message, the report said. An ICE spokeswoman said the agency was preparing responses to questions about the report’s findings.

LATIN BRIEFS • NUCLEAR ENERGY

Argentina, Brazil plan high-level talks From Miami Herald Wire Services

Newly elected President Dilma Rousseff of Brazil is in Argentina on her first foreign trip to talk about nuclear energy and trade with Argentina’s President Cristina Fernandez. It’s the first time both South American countries are led by women. The leaders have prepared an event with a human-rights group but energy and trade top their agenda. The countries plan to jointly build and operate an additional nuclear energy reactor in each country, and will discuss a shared hydroelectric project as well. • CANADA STRONG LOONIE POSES THREAT The Canadian dollar’s 22 percent surge

01PGA04.indd 4

against its U.S. counterpart has become such a threat to the economy that central bankers are encouraging the loonie to weaken. The loonie, nicknamed for the waterfowl’s image on the Canadian $1 coin, is hampering exports and has caused Canada’s current-account deficit — the broadest measure of trade — to widen to $17.5 billion in the third quarter, Statistics Canada said. • MEXICO FISHERMAN MAULED BY SHARK The Mexican navy says it has rescued a fisherman who was badly bitten by a shark while at sea. A navy statement says sailors received a distress call from a shark fishing boat near the Revillagigedo Islands off Mexico’s Pacific coast. One of the crew had suffered a serious bite wound on his leg and lost a dangerous amount of blood. The navy said that he was in stable condition and out of danger. It did not give details on the attack or say what kind of shark was involved.

a human rights group that relies almost exclusively on overseas funds, including donations from the European Union and U.S.-based NGOs but not the U.S. government. Provea produces detailed reports on the country’s human rights situation and such high-profile cases as those of union leader Ruben Gonzalez, jailed on criminal charges stemming from a 2009 strike, and judge Maria Afiuni, who has been imprisoned for more than a year facing charges over her decision to free a jailed banker who subsequently fled the country. Provea also publishes annual murder statistics that officials have stopped releasing — 13,985 homicides reported to authorities in 2010, confirming the status of Venezuela, and in particular Caracas, as one of the most violent places in the world. Some activists are wondering how donors will respond to the law, and whether any will hold back in providing money. Pro-Chavez politician Roy Daza said human rights groups will not be affected, and that the restrictions target “organizations that attack Venezuelan institutions.” Daza cited Sumate, a group that strongly criticizes the electoral system and helped organize a failed 2004 recall vote against Chavez. Sumate says it has accepted funding from the National Endowment for Democracy in the past but has received no foreign funds in the past two years. “What this law attempts to do is strangle any possible source of financing,” said Ricardo Estevez, a Sumate leader. Already, U.S. aid programs have been barred in two regions of Bolivia, and in Ecuador, NGOs warn that new regulations being considered would increase government controls affecting their organizations. Chavez has long been suspicious of U.S. aid funding,

having survived a brief 2002 coup that he accused Washington of actively supporting. He has since called some critical activists coup plotters, conspirators and U.S. pawns. Chavez maintains that everything he has done has been in furtherance of a social revolution to close an age-old gulf between rich and poor. He insists Venezuela has free speech and points out that his opponents can air their views on TV. “There is no dictatorship here, nor will there be a dictatorship,” Chavez said in a recent speech. The country still has critical newspapers like El Nacional, which headlined the property rights figures, as well as radio stations and the anti-Chavez TV channel Globovision. Venezuelans have voted regularly ever since he was first elected in 1998, and he is up for reelection next year. Critics say Chavez’s method consists of carefully calculated actions to chill dissent, pressure opposition media and sideline opponents. Several opposition politicians have fled the country due to criminal charges that they say were trumped up, and the anti-Chavez TV channel RCTV was forced off the air. Carlos Correa, whose Espacio Publico group defends free speech issues, was portrayed in cartoons on state TV last year as emerging from the U.S. Embassy with a suitcase stuffed with dollars. He said the cartoon was a lie but made him a target. Outside the National Assembly last month, someone hurled a traffic cone at his head. As he was getting ice to put on his head, a man approached, cursed and threatened to kill him, he recalled. The new law is just as much a means of intimidation, Correa said, likening its sweeping character to a pointed gun — “but you don’t know whom it’s going to fire at.”

CARACAS — A single number topped the front page of El Nacional one recent morning: 1,734. It was the number of violations of private property rights attributed to the government of President Hugo Chavez since 2005, as tallied by an advocacy group that promotes economic and personal freedoms in Venezuela. Now that group is one of many that could be affected by a new law that bans certain vaguely defined organizations from accepting foreign money. The law is one of multiple efforts during Chavez’s 12 years in power that have given him new tools to clamp down on critics. “There’s great uncertainty in Venezuela today because many organizations are in doubt about whether to continue projects that were financed by U.S., European and Asian organizations,” said Alonso Dominguez, whose nongovernmental organization, Liderazgo y Vision (Leadership and Vision), compiled the property rights tally. He said his NGO relies largely on Venezuelan donors, but has also used foreign funding to run courses in leadership training and community policing. Some of it has come from the U.S.-funded National Endowment for Democracy and the U.S. Agency for International Development. “Are we to allow political parties, NGOs, figures of the counterrevolution to continue being financed with millions and millions of dollars from the Yankee empire?” Chavez said in a speech in November, a month before his allies in the National Assembly enacted the new legislation. The “Law for the Defense of Political Sovereignty and National Self-determination” empowers the government to fine a group double the sum it receives from abroad, bar offenders from running for office, and impose similar penalties for inviting foreigners who publicly give “opinions that offend state institutions.” The law is sweeping but unclear about which kinds of organizations are affected. It speaks of groups promoting “political rights” and individuals engaging in “political activities” without defining how foreign funding for these might incur prosecution. The U.S. State Department has condemned the law, and Dominguez and the leaders of six other Venezuelan organizations interviewed by the Associated Press said they will go on soliciting foreign funding and fight any penalFERNANDO LLANO/AP ties in court. DISMAYED: Marino Alvarado, heads the human rights “Our challenge is how not to disappear,” said Marino group Provea, which will lose a majority of its funding Alvarado, who heads Provea, under the new Venezuelan law.

Term extension possible for Preval, U.S. officials say BY JONATHAN M. KATZ AND BRADLEY KLAPPER Associated Press

PORT-AU-PRINCE — Haiti’s President Rene Preval could conceivably remain in power for a few weeks beyond his soon-to-expire term if the election for his successor is deemed to be proceeding fairly, senior U.S. officials said following a one-day visit by U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton. Under Haiti’s constitution, presidential terms begin and end on Feb. 7. An emergency law passed four months after last year’s devastating earthquake by an expiring Senate said Preval could remain in power for up to three months extra because his inauguration was delayed in 2006. The key issue is what will happen after he leaves office. Clinton made clear in meetings with Preval, the candidates and officials that the United States wants Haiti to follow recommendations that would result in the elimination of the president’s cho-

sen candidate, Jude Celestin, from the second round. The members of the provisional electoral council, which has the final say, were individually approved by Preval. Following those recommendations, made by an Organization of American States expert team, would leave former first lady Mirlande Manigat, a conservative law professor, and singer Michel “Sweet Micky” Martelly, a populist, to meet in the second round. “We support the OAS recommendations and we would like to see them move forward because we think that’s the best way to respect the votes of the Haitian people,” Clinton told Haiti’s Radio Caraibes. Leaders of Preval’s Unity party said last week that Celestin had rightly won the election but should step down because of pressure from the United States and other countries. Days before the U.S. State Department canceled visas of Haitian officials, nearly all reportedly from Unity, and the U.S. am-

bassador to the United Nations said sustained U.S. support for Haiti depended in part on the OAS recommendations being implemented. Celestin has not publicly commented since. Unity’s coordinator did not return calls Monday. His lawyers have continued fighting for him to advance in the race. The U.S. officials, who spoke on condition of anonymity, said that Clinton neither asked Celestin to pull out of the race nor Preval to force him out, and that Celestin gave no indication he would resign. They characterized the meeting with Celestin as “very respectful.” The announcement of who will be on the rescheduled March 20 ballot is expected Wednesday. Five days later comes the day set by Haiti’s 1987 constitution for presidential transitions of power: The anniversary of ex-dictator Jean-Claude “Baby Doc” Duvalier’s flight into exile — from which he shockingly returned weeks ago.

2/1/2011 5:53:58 AM


THE MIAMI HERALD

MiamiHerald.com

U.S. NEWS

INTERNATIONAL EDITION

TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 1, 2011

5A

New dietary guidelines urge limited salt intake BY ROB STEIN

Washington Post Service

WASHINGTON — Federal officials Monday released the government’s latest advice to U.S. citizens on what they should be eating, including specific new recommendations to limit salt intake. The departments of Agriculture and Health and Human Services jointly issued the first updated version of the federal government’s official Dietary Guidelines for U.S. citizens in five years. They are required by federal law to be updated every five years. Although most people have probably never read the guidelines, they have a broad impact on the lives of U.S. citizens. They dictate what is served to students for breakfast and lunch. They influ-

ence the advice people on food stamps get for what to buy. They affect the information on nutrition labels that are ubiquitous at the supermarket. And they play a key role in the education materials that people get in community centers, doctors’ offices and hospitals. Because they are so influential, they are typically the focus of intense political lobbying every five years when they undergo official revisions. And this time around is no exception. Proposals to issue strict new warnings about salt intake have come under heavy criticism, for example. But with so many U.S. citizens overweight and obese, experts are hoping the newest version might finally help get the message across about

how to eat a more healthful diet. “The 2010 Dietary Guidelines are being released at a time when the majority of adults and one in three children is overweight or obese and this is a crisis we can no longer ignore,” said Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack in a statement released with the new guidelines. “These new and improved dietary recommendations give individuals the information to make thoughtful choices of healthier foods in the right portions and to complement those choices with physical activity. The bottom line is that most U.S. citizens need to trim their waistlines to reduce the risk of development diet-related chronic disease. Improving our eating habits

is not only good for every individuals and family, but also for our country.” The new guidelines include 23 specific recommendations for the general population and six recommendations for specific groups such as pregnant women. Among the recommendations are: • No one should consume more than 2,300 milligrams of salt per day. Those who are age 51 or older and those who are African American or have high blood pressure, diabetes or chronic kidney disease should consume no more than 1,500 milligrams per day. • Everyone should consume less than 10 percent of their calories from saturated fats by replacing them with

monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats. • Everyone should consume less than 300 milligrams of cholesterol each day. • Minimize trans fatty acid consumption by limiting foods that contain synthetic trans fats, such as partially hydrogenated oils. • Reduce calories from solid fats and sugars added to food. • Alcohol should be consumed only in moderation, which means up to one drink per day for women and two drinks per day for men. • Eat more fruits and vegetables. A good rule of thumb is that half the food on your plate should be fruits and vegetables. • Consume more fat-free or low-fat milk and milk

products, such as yogurt and cheese. • Consume more seafood and replace some meat and poultry with seafood. Breastfeeding women should consume 8 to 12 ounces of seafood per week from a variety of seafood types. But breastfeeding women should limit their intake of white tuna to 6 ounces per week because of its high mercury content and not eat tilefish, shark, swordfish and king mackerel at all for the same reason. The guidelines were prepared by a special committee of experts that conducted an exhaustive review of the scientific literature about diet, exercise and health, as well as hundreds of public comments and testimony at a series of public meetings.

Democrats push aviation bill as a jobs program BY JOAN LOWY

Associated Press

SARAH WEISER/AP

MOURNING: Colleagues of corrections officer Jayme Biendl hold a candlelight vigil Sunday at the Monroe Correctional Complex in Monroe, Wash.

Guard strangled at Washington prison BY PHUONG LE

Associated Press

SEATTLE — An inmate is suspected in the death of a Washington state corrections officer who was found strangled with a microphone cord in the prison chapel, where she led religious programs, authorities say. Jayme Biendl, 34, who had raised concerns about being the sole guard in the chapel, was found dead at Monroe Correctional Complex about 30 miles northeast of Seattle, Department of Corrections spokesman Chad Lewis said. He said it was the first time a guard has been killed at the 100-year-old facility. Byron Scherf, a 52-yearold inmate, was reported

missing during a routine count at 9:14 p.m. Saturday. He was found three minutes later in the chapel lobby and told officers he had planned to escape. “He is our primary suspect,” Monroe police spokeswoman Debbie Willis said. Scherf is serving a life sentence without parole after being convicted of firstdegree rape and kidnapping in 1997 under the state’s “threestrikes” law, Lewis said. Prison officials said Scherf had been serving as a volunteer worker in the chapel. Lewis said Biendl was alone at the chapel and was not carrying a weapon, as is typical for many corrections officers. She was ending her shift

at 10 p.m. but had not reported back or turned in her equipment, which sparked concerns. Staff members immediately went to the chapel and found her unresponsive. Emergency responders were called and Biendl was declared dead at 10:49 p.m. She was fully clothed and there was no evidence of a sexual assault, Willis said. Biendl joined the Corrections Department in 2002. Teamsters 117 spokeswoman Tracey Thompson said that the officer had complained to her union shop steward and prison supervisors about being the sole guard working in the chapel. She worried about being there alone without anyone checking on her, Thomp-

Michigan mosque attack plotter arraigned on terrorism charges BY JEFF KAROUB

Associated Press

DETROIT — A Southern California man caught with explosives in his vehicle outside a large suburban Detroit mosque where mourners had gathered for a funeral was planning to try to blow it up, authorities say. Dearborn police chief Ronald Haddad said that authorities believe Roger Stockham was acting alone in the plot against one of the nation’s largest mosques but still take him “very seriously.” He was arraigned on one count of making a false report or threat of terrorism and one count of possessing explosives with an unlawful intent. Stockham had a large but undisclosed quantity of class-C fireworks including M-80s, which are outlawed in Michigan, Haddad said. “I was comfortable with the fact that we had taken him off the street — he isn’t going anywhere,” Haddad

01PGA05.indd 5

said. “I think the society he wanted to impact is safe.” Haddad said Stockham was arrested the evening of Jan. 24 in the parking lot of Islamic Center of America, while a large group was gathered inSTOCKHAM side. He said police received a 911 call from a resident. He said Stockham has “a long history of antigovernment activities,” though he declined to elaborate. The chief said he called the mosque leader, Imam Hassan al Qazwini, early Tuesday to let him know of the arrest, and later met with Qazwini and mosque board members. He said members shared concerns about copycat crimes if the arrest was publicized, and Haddad said he understood. “We never want to

put something out there that gives someone the ‘how-to,’ ” Haddad said. Stockham remained jailed on a $500,000 bond. A preliminary examination is scheduled for Friday. Police didn’t know whether Stockham had an attorney. A public records search did not turn up a listed number for Stockham, though Haddad said he lives in Imperial Beach, near San Diego. At a small two-story apartment building in Imperial Beach that records show as Stockham’s last address, resident Landon DeBono said Stockham moved out three or four weeks ago, and said something about being in trouble. DeBono called Stockham a “pretty mellow guy” who spent much of his time at the local Veterans of Foreign Wars post bar. Dearborn, located about 10 miles west of Detroit, is the capital of the Detroit area’s Arab-American community, which is one of the largest in the U.S.

son said. Recent budget cuts have forced staffing reductions and union members have been worried about the impact of those reductions on safety, Thompson said. “We have been pushing so hard on safety issues,” Thompson said. “It makes me crazy that it took someone getting murdered inside a prison while doing their job for there to be attention on this work and how difficult and dangerous it can be.” Lewis insisted that Biendl’s death was not a result of budget cuts in recent years. “The staffing model has been the same for years,” he said, adding that the reality is that officers often work by themselves.

WASHINGTON — Democratic leaders say they will bring an aviation bill that includes $8 billion for airport construction to the Senate floor this week, pitching it as a jobs measure. The bill — introduced by Sen. Jay Rockefeller, D-W.Va., — is identical to a bill that the Senate passed last spring on a 93 to 0 vote. That bill later stalled when Congress couldn’t reach agreement on several side issues, including distribution of landing slots at Reagan National Airport near Washington, the fee airline passengers pay to support airport improvements and a labor dispute between delivery giants FedEx and United Parcel Service. This time Democrats are predicting a smoother flight for the measure. On Monday, Majority Leader Harry Reid, D-Nev., and other Democratic leaders released an estimate by the American Association of Airport Executives that says the airport construction funds will support the employment of 90,000 workers and affect another 190,000 jobs. The estimate is based on a calculation that $1 billion in federal spending supports 35,000 jobs. However, Transportation Department economists have previously said similar calculations for highway spending assume that state and local governments will match federal spending by 25 percent, or $250 million. Democrats were also careful in a statement provided to The Associated Press to use the term “support” rather than “create” when referring to the jobs, since it’s not

clear how many of the jobs would be new. Nevertheless, the aviation bill presents Democrats with a means to show quick results in answer to U.S. President Barack Obama’s call in his State of the Union speech to boost the economy through building and modernizing road, bridges, trains and other transportation infrastructure. “This measure will give a green light to overdue improvement projects at airports across the country,” Sen. Charles Schumer, DN.Y., said in the statement. “These projects will make air travel safer and more efficient while also putting hundreds of thousands of Americans to work.” The principal purpose of the bill is to provide authority for Federal Aviation Administration programs for the next two years, including an acceleration of the modernization of the nation’s aging air traffic control system. The last law providing long-term authority for FAA programs expired in 2007. Congress has since kept FAA programs going through a series of 17 short-term extensions. In the House, Republicans have also signaled they intend to fast-track an FAA bill. Rep. John Mica, R-Fla., the new chairman of the House Transportation and Infrastructure Committee, has said the bill will be his first priority. It’s still unclear what a House bill might look like, although Republicans will be looking for ways to cut spending as they seek to make good on campaign promises to shrink the federal government.

GOP’s presidential candidates flawed Washington Post Service

WASHINGTON — Mitt Romney can’t win the 2012 Republican presidential nomination. As governor of Massachusetts, he signed healthcare legislation that has considerable similarities to the proposal U.S. President Barack Obama championed — the one Republicans have fought tooth and nail. That’s an emerging bit of conventional wisdom about the slow-forming GOP race. And it’s right — except that it omits one very important fact: All — that’s A-L-L — of the Republicans considering runs for the nomination carry at least one major flaw that could keep them from victory. “So far, the Republican field looks conventional and flawed,” said Mark McKinnon, who was an advisor to former President George W. Bush. Let’s take a look at the Achilles’ heel of some of the best-known candidates: • Haley Barbour: The Mississippi governor virtually invented lobbying — not

exactly the ideal background in a very anti-Washington Republican electorate. • Mitch Daniels: The Indiana governor drew widespread criticism among the party base when he suggested that the next president would need to call a “truce” on social issues until the country moved beyond its current economic woes. • John Thune: The senator from South Dakota — like many of his Republican Senate colleagues — voted for the Troubled Assets Relief Program in late 2008. Many conservatives view the vote as a sort of scarlet letter, a massive government bailout that is anathema to their limited-government philosophy. • Newt Gingrich: The former House speaker’s appeals to social conservatives in places such as Iowa and South Carolina could be complicated by his very public personal life: He has been married three times. • Sarah Palin: The former Alaska governor has done next to nothing to build a national political organization

or demonstrate the ability — to grow beyond her committed social conservative base. • Jon Huntsman: His serving in the Obama administration — albeit as the ambassador to China — won’t go down well with many Republican primary voters who detest the current occupant of the White House. • Mike Huckabee: Huckabee’s record as governor of Arkansas — particularly his decision to commute the sentence of Maurice Clemmons, who went on to murder four police offers in Washington state — is ripe for a deep opposition-research dive. And Huckabee’s record on taxes as governor isn’t likely to look much better in the eyes of many Republicans. Curt Anderson, a GOP consultant who worked with Romney in 2008 but is now unaligned, argued that the candidates’ pasts won’t win or lose them the nomination. “The answer to the riddle lies in the future, not the past,” he said. “Who can capture the imagination of Republican primary voters? That is the question.”

2/1/2011 5:16:12 AM


6A

TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 1, 2011

Serbia steps up search for war fugitive BY DUSAN STOJANOVIC Associated Press

BELGRADE, Serbia — Police raided a Belgrade apartment belonging to Ratko Mladic’s son on Monday after criticism by the chief U.N. war crimes prosecutor that Serbian authorities are not doing enough to capture the genocide suspect. Serbia’s war crimes prosecutor Vladimir Vukcevic said Monday in a statement the search of Darko Mladic’s high-rise flat in a Belgrade suburb is aimed at finding “evidence and clues pointing to the location where [Ratko] Mladic is hiding.” There were no immediate reports on whether the search of a drab, communiststyle, neighborhood of the capital — one in a series of such raids in the past several years — produced any results. Chief U.N. prosecutor Serge Brammertz earlier this month reportedly urged those searching for the wartime Bosnian Serb army commander to intensify their efforts, or his next report to the U.N. Security Council about Serbia’s cooperation with the international war crimes tribunal for the former Yugoslavia could be negative. Brammertz’s regular reports on Serbia’s compliance are crucial for the Balkan country’s efforts to become a European Union member candidate. He is due to arrive on a fact-find mission to Belgrade on Feb. 21. Serbia’s deputy war crimes prosecutor Bruno Vekaric denied that Monday’s raid was conducted under pressure. “We are not bluffing,” Vekaric said, adding that Mladic’s arrest remains Serbia’s priority. Mladic is wanted by the U.N. war crimes tribunal for war crimes committed by his troops during Bosnia’s 1992-95 war, including the massacre of about 8,000 Bosnian Muslim men and boys in the eastern Bosnian town of Srebrenica in 1995.

MiamiHerald.com

WORLD NEWS

INTERNATIONAL EDITION

Indonesian star jailed for sex tape scandal BY IRWAN FIRDAUS Associated Press

BANDUNG, Indonesia — One of Indonesia’s bestknown pop stars was sentenced Monday to 3 years behind bars after sex tapes with his celebrity girlfriends found their way to the Internet, riveting and dividing this predominantly Muslim nation. Liberals said the embarrassment suffered by Nazril “Ariel” Irham — who insists the videos were not intended for public viewing — was punishment enough. But hard-liners were outraged, saying the singer was contributing to the country’s moral decline. Hundreds charged the gates of the courthouse in the city of Bandung after the verdict was read out, yelling “Too light! Too light,” as he sped off in an armored police car. Police fired warning shots to break up a scuffle between his supporters and critics. Ariel, lead singer of the country’s most popular band, Peterpan, was the first celebrity to be charged under Indonesia’s strict anti-pornography law, which came into effect in 2008 despite strong opposition from the public and members of government. It is seen by many as vaguely worded and as carrying overly harsh penalties. Ariel insists the tapes were stolen from his house and posted online without his knowledge, but presiding Judge Singgih Budi Prakoso said the pop star did nothing to prevent them from spreading online. He sentenced him to 3 years in jail — well short of the maximum 12 years — and slapped him with a $25,000 fine. “As a public figure, the defendant should be aware that fans might imitate his behavior,” Prakoso said, adding that the frontman for Peter-

BAY ISMOYO/AFP-GETTY IMAGES

ANGRY: Indonesian Muslim group members react to the verdict on the country’s rock star Nazril Ariel following his trial at Bandung court in West Java on Monday. pan — which is also popular in neighboring Malaysia, Singapore and Brunei — did not show remorse. His supporters were devastated. “He’s just a victim,” said Roslawati, 30, as tears streamed from his eyes. “He didn’t post that video.” Indonesia, a secular country of 237 million people, has more Muslims than any other country in the world. Though most are moderate, a small extremist fringe has become

more vocal in recent years. They have pushed through controversial laws — including the anti-porn bill — and been known to attack anything perceived as blasphemous, from transvestites and bars to “deviant” religious sects. More than 500 demonstrators turned out Monday, some pelting the police vehicle carrying Ariel to the court with rotten eggs and tomatoes. Others held placards criticizing the star.

“More years for Ariel!” shouted Kurnia Maryati, a 33-year-old mother of three who was wearing an Islamic headscarf. The videos were made public in June. The first six-minute clip purportedly showed Ariel in bed with his girlfriend, Luna Maya, a top model and actress who joined him at the court Monday. She broke down in tears when the ruling was read out. The second clip showed

BY RAF CASERT

Associated Press

BRUSSELS — Belarus lashed back at the European Union Monday after the EU imposed sanctions on top officials in authoritarian President Alexander Lukashenko’s government. Hours after the 27 EU foreign ministers said they will organize an asset freeze and visa ban on 156 top Belarus officials in the wake of flawed Dec. 19 elections, Lukashenko’s government said the decision would force “Belarus to take proportional and adequate measures.”

Later Monday, the United States also expanded its list of Belarus officials subject to travel restrictions, banning business with two subsidiaries of a stateowned Belarus petroleum conglomerate. MAINTAINING STABILITY

Belarus’ Foreign Ministry said its response would be “aimed at strengthening Belarusian sovereignty, maintaining stability and consolidating Belarusian society,” but was short on specifics. It also accused EU officials of deliberately ignoring the aggressive actions of demonstrators during

BY AYE AYE WIN

Associated Press

01PGA06.indd 6

him with a former girlfriend, also a well-liked model and television presenter, Cut Tari. The clips were spread on Facebook and YouTube and distributed by cellphone rapidly, prompting the government to try to impose a so-far unsuccessful online filter for porn. But the man who admitted to posting the tapes on the Internet was sentenced Monday in a separate trial to two years in jail.

EU, Belarus in standoff over sanctions Shootout claims 16 lives in Somalia election protests and undermining efforts to improve relations between Belarus and the European Union. The European Union said the sanctions were taken to protest the jailing of opposition leaders and the violent crackdown following the elections. It stopped short, however, of imposing economic sanctions. The U.S. State Department’s statement called on the Belarus government to release detainees and allow freedom of speech. The European Parliament called for the ap-

plication of sanctions against Lukashenko two weeks ago, with the president responding he would be ready with a tough response. REGRESSIVE ECONOMY

Under Lukashenko, Belarus has retained a Soviet -style state-controlled economy while also repressing opposition activists and independent news media. He was declared the winner of the December election with nearly 80 percent of the vote, but international observers strongly criticized the count.

Myanmar’s Parliament opens under tight security NAYPYITAW, Myanmar — Myanmar opened its first Parliament in more than two decades Monday, an event greeted with cautious optimism by opposition lawmakers despite the military’s tight management of the event. The military and its allies hold more than 80 percent of the seats in both houses of Parliament, ensuring that the army exercises control over the wheels of power, as it has since a 1962 coup deposed the last legitimately elected legislature. A singleparty Parliament under the late dictator Gen. Ne Win was abolished in 1988 after the army crushed a prodemocracy uprising. The 440-seat lower house and 224-seat upper house were opened simultaneously at 8:55 a.m. in a massive new building in Naypyitaw, the remote city to which the capital was moved from Yangon in 2005. The 14 regional Parliaments, whose members were also elected last November, opened at the same time. In the afternoon, the two houses convened together, and legislative officers were elected, according to Dr. Khin Shwe, a business tycoon and upper house representative of the junta-backed Union Solidarity and Development Party.

THE MIAMI HERALD

AFP-GETTY IMAGES

ALL READY: Lawmakers taking part in the opening session of Myanmar’s new Parliament in the capital Naypyidaw on Monday. Thura Shwe Mann, who had been the junta’s thirdranking member and retired from the military to run for election with the USDP, was picked to be speaker of the lower house, and the junta’s Culture Minister Khin Aung Myint, named speaker of the upper house, Khin Shwe said. The election of a vice president was scheduled for Tuesday, while the timing for picking a president was not yet clear. With its allies controlling Parliament and loyalists — many recently retired senior junta members — expected to fill top government posts,

the military will be keeping a tight grip on the reins of power. The 2008 constitution, drafted under the junta’s guidance and with provisions ensuring the military’s dominance, also came into effect Monday. Roads leading to the Parliament building were sealed off with roadblocks manned by armed police. Delegates wearing traditional attire and representatives of ethnic minorities in the garb of their respective groups were bused from state guest houses to the site. Each bus was checked for bombs as they entered the compound.

Reporters, diplomats and the public at large were barred from witnessing the proceedings inside. Publicity for the event has been low-key, though Myanmar state television Monday night showed footage of the opening. Delegates were not allowed to carry cameras, cellphones, computers, tape recorders and other electronic devices into the Parliament compound. Unlike in many democracies, their speech in Parliament is not fully protected, and they are liable to be proescuted if their statements are determined to endanger national security or the unity of the country. Any protest staged within Parliament is punishable by up to two years in prison. There appeared to be little popular interest in Parliament’s opening. Last November’s election left a widespread perception the junta cheated to ensure a victory by its proxies. Many of the residents of Naypyitaw are civil servants or members of the military, or work in sectors that depend on their patronage, such as a waiter at a small food shop asked about the historic event. “We know about Parliament going to be convened, but I think this is not our concern. Our concern is

earning our daily bread,” said the man, in his mid-30s. Like many people fearful of drawing official attention, he asked not to be named or photographed. Members of the small opposition bloc, however, took an upbeat approach. “Now that Parliament has convened, we have taken a step toward Myanmar’s democratic change,” said Thein Nyunt, an elected representative and former leader of the National Democratic Force, a party formed by breakaway members of pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi’s political party. Nobel laureate Suu Kyi and her National League for Democracy party boycotted last November’s polls, claiming the process was unfair and undemocratic. The party was consequently dissolved under a new election law. The NLD won a landslide victory in the last general election in 1990 but was not allowed to take power when the army barred Parliament from convening. Despite the heavy promilitary majority, which can push through or block any legislation and pass constitutional amendments on their own, there was muted hope that the new legislature will be a step, however small, toward a more democratic country.

BY MOHAMED SHEIKH NOR Associated Press

MOGADISHU, Somalia — Fighting between Somali government troops and police killed 16 people in Somalia’s capital on Monday, witnesses said, underscoring the weak U.N.-backed government’s inability to control its armed forces. The fighting began when police executed a plainclothes soldier they suspected of being an Islamist insurgent, police officer Ahmed Nur said. The soldier’s colleagues arrived at the scene of the shooting in Benadir market and began attacking the police, he said. An Associated Press reporter saw 16 bodies at Medina hospital in Mogadishu. Some of the victims were wearing uniforms. Three of the victims were women. Hospital director Mohamed Yusuf said 30 people were wounded. Cleaners tried to mop up blood from the floor as women screamed outside the hospital. Hundreds of people gathered by the gates, seeking their wounded or dead. The killings underscore the lack of discipline and command of Somalia’s armed forces after 20 years of civil war. There have been several shoot-outs between police and soldiers in recent years and analysts say the Somali armed forces are more like a collection of militiamen than a well-trained, disciplined national force. Desertion over lack of pay has been a major problem, impeding the government’s ability to fight an al Qaeda linked Islamist insurgency. Islamist suicide bombers have worn military uniforms before in some of its attacks — a common tactic in conflicts throughout the world — one reason why the police may have been overly suspicious.

2/1/2011 5:31:49 AM


THE MIAMI HERALD

MiamiHerald.com

INTERNATIONAL EDITION

TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 1, 2011

7A

OPINION CHARLES D. SHERMAN, EDITOR-IN-CHIEF

The safest policy of all BY ELLIOTT ABRAMS

Special to The Washington Post

or decades, the Arab states have seemed exceptions to the laws of politics and human nature. While liberty expanded in many parts of the globe, these nations were left behind, their “freedom deficit” signaling the political underdevelopment that accompanied many other economic and social maladies. In November 2003, U.S. President George W. Bush laid out this question: “Are the peoples of the Middle East somehow beyond the reach of liberty? Are millions of men and women and children condemned by history or culture to live in despotism? Are they alone never to know freedom and never even have a choice in the matter?” The massive and violent demonstrations underway in Egypt, the smaller ones in Jordan and Yemen, and the recent revolt in Tunisia that inspired those events, have affirmed that the answer is no and is exploding, once and for all, the myth of Arab exceptionalism. Arab nations, too, yearn to throw off the secret police, to read a newspaper that the Ministry of Information has not censored and to vote in free elections. The Arab world may not be swept with a broad wave of revolts now, but neither will it soon forget this moment. So a new set of questions becomes critical. What lesson will Arab regimes learn? Will they undertake the steady reforms that may bring peaceful change, or will they conclude that exiled President Zine al Abidine Ben Ali of Tunisia erred only by failing to shoot and club enough demonstrators? And will the U.S. government learn that dictatorships are never truly stable? For beneath the calm surface enforced by myriad security forces, the pressure for change only grows — and it may grow in extreme and violent forms when real debate and political competition are denied. The regimes of Ben Ali and Egypt’s Hosni Mubarak proffered the same line to Washington: It’s us or the Islamists. For Tunisia, a largely secular nation with a literacy rate of 75 percent and per capita GDP of $9,500, this claim was never defensible. In fact, Ben Ali jailed moderates, human rights advocates, editors — anyone who represented what might be called “hope and change.” Mubarak took the same tack for three decades. Ruling under an endless emergency law, he has crushed the moderate opposition while the Islamist Muslim Brotherhood has thrived underground and in the mosques. Mubarak in effect created a two-party system — his ruling National Democratic Party and the Brotherhood — and then defended the lack of democracy by saying a free election would bring the Islamists to power. “Angry Friday” brought tens of thousands of Egyptians into the

F

streets all over the country, demanding the end of the Mubarak regime. The huge and once-feared police forces were soon overwhelmed and the army called in. Even if these demonstrations are crushed, Egypt has a president who will be 83 at the time of this fall’s presidential election. Every day Hosni Mubarak survives in power now, he does so as dictator propped up by brute force alone. Succession by his son Gamal is already a sour joke, and one must wonder whether Egypt’s ruling elites, civilian and military, will wish to tie their future to Hosni Mubarak rather than seeking a new face. The three decades Hosni Mubarak and his cronies have already had in power leave Egypt with no reliable mechanisms for a transition to democratic rule. Egypt will have some of the same problems as Tunisia, where there are no strong democratic parties and where the demands of the people for rapid change may outstrip the new government’s ability to achieve it. This is also certain to be true in Yemen, where a weak central government has spent all its energies and most of its resources simply staying in power. All these developments seem to come as a surprise to the Obama administration, which dismissed Bush’s “freedom agenda” as overly ideological and meant essentially to defend the invasion of Iraq. But as Bush’s support for the Cedar Revolution in Lebanon and for a democratic Palestinian state showed, he was defending selfgovernment, not the use of force. Consider what Bush said in that 2003 speech, which marked the 20th anniversary of the National Endowment for Democracy, an institution established by President Ronald Reagan precisely to support the expansion of freedom. “Sixty years of Western nations excusing and accommodating the lack of freedom in the Middle East did nothing to make us safe — because in the long run, stability cannot be purchased at the expense of liberty,” Bush said. “As long as the Middle East remains a place where freedom does not flourish, it will remain a place of stagnation, resentment and violence ready for export.” This spirit did not always animate U.S. diplomacy in the Bush administration; plenty of officials found it unrealistic and had to be prodded or overruled to follow the president’s lead. But the revolt in Tunisia, the gigantic wave of demonstrations in Egypt and the more recent marches in Yemen all make clear that Bush had it right — and that the Obama administration’s abandonment of this mind-set is nothing short of a tragedy. Elliott Abrams, a senior fellow for Middle Eastern studies at the Council on Foreign Relations, was a deputy national security advisor in the George W. Bush administration.

Serious in Singapore BY THOMAS L. FRIEDMAN

New York Times Service

am in the Gan Eng Seng Primary School in a middle-class neighborhood of Singapore, and the principal, A.W. Ai Ling, has me visiting a fifth-grade science class. All the 11-year-old boys and girls are wearing junior white lab coats with their names on them. Outside in the hall, yellow police tape has blocked off a “crime scene” and lying on a floor, bloodied, is a fake body that has been murdered. The class is learning about DNA and the use of fingerprints, and their science teacher has turned the students into little CSI detectives. They have to collect fingerprints from the scene and then break them down. I missed that DNA lesson when I was in fifth grade. When I asked the principal whether this was part of the national curriculum, she said no. She just had a great science teacher, she said, and was aware that Singapore was making a big push to expand its biotech industries and thought it would be good to push her students in the same direction early. A couple of them checked my fingerprints. I was innocent — but impressed. This was just an average public school, but the principal had made her own connections between “What world am I living in,” “Where is my country trying to go in that world” and, therefore, “What should I teach in fifth-grade science.” I was struck because that kind of linkage is so often missing in U.S. politics today. Republicans favor deep cuts in government spending, while so far exempting Medicare, Social Security and the defense budget. Not only is that not realistic, but it basically says that our nation’s priorities should be to fund retirement homes for older people rather than better schools for younger people and that we should build new schools

I

in Afghanistan before Alabama. U.S. President Barack Obama just laid out a smart and compelling vision of where our priorities should be. But he did not spell out how and where we will have to both cut and invest — intelligently and at a large scale — to deliver on his vision. Singapore is tiny and by no means a U.S.-style democracy. Yet, like the United States, it has a FRIEDMAN multiethnic population — Chinese, Indian and Malay — with a big working class. It has no natural resources and even has to import sand for building. But today its per capita income is just below U.S. levels, built with high-end manufacturing, services and exports. The country’s economy grew last year at 14.7 percent, led by biomedical exports. How? If Singapore has one thing to teach the United States, it is about taking governing seriously, relentlessly asking: What world are we living in and how do we adapt to thrive. “We’re like someone living in a hut without any insulation,” explained Tan Kong Yam, an economist. “We feel every change in the wind or the temperature and have to adapt. You Americans are still living in a brick house with central heating and don’t have to be so responsive.” And we have not been. Singapore probably has the freest market in the world; it doesn’t believe in import tariffs, minimum wages or unemployment insurance. But it believes regulators need to make sure markets work properly — because they can’t on their own — and it subsidizes homeownership and education to give everyone a foundation to become self-reliant. Singapore copied the German model that strives to put everyone who graduates

from high school on a track for higher education, but only about 40 percent go to universities. Others are tracked to polytechnics or vocational institutes, so the vast majority graduate with the skills to get a job, whether it be as a plumber or a scientist. Explained Ravi Menon, the permanent secretary of Singapore’s Ministry of Trade and Industry: “The two ‘isms’ that perhaps best describe Singapore’s approach are: pragmatism — an emphasis on what works in practice rather than abstract theory; and eclecticism — a willingness to adapt to the local context best practices from around the world.” It is a sophisticated mix of radical free-market and nanny state that requires sophisticated policymakers to implement, which is why politics here is not treated as sports or entertainment. Top bureaucrats and cabinet ministers have their pay linked to top private sector wages, so most make well over $1 million a year, and their bonuses are tied to the country’s annual GDP growth rate. It means the government can attract highquality professionals and corruption is low. The United States never would or should copy Singapore’s lessthan-free politics. But Singapore has something to teach us about “attitude” — about taking governing seriously and thinking strategically. We used to do that and must again because our little brick house with central heating is not going to be resistant to the storms much longer. “There is real puzzlement here about America today,” said Kishore Mahbubani, dean of the Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy, “because we learned all about what it takes to build a well-functioning society from you. Many of our top officials are graduates of the Kennedy School at Harvard. They just came back home and applied its lessons vigorously.”

Leaked Mideast documents reveal a great betrayal BY SAREE MAKDISI

Los Angeles Times Service

massive archive of documents leaked to al Jazeera and Britain’s Guardian newspaper offers irrefutable proof that years of negotiations between Israelis and Palestinians have been an empty sham. The papers make clear that the time has come for Palestinians and anyone interested in the cause of justice to abandon the charade of official diplomacy and pursue other, more creative and nonviolent paths toward the realization of a genuine, just peace. The leaked documents, assuming they are genuine — and both al Jazeera and the Guardian say they have authenticated them — are behind-the-scenes notes from a decade of negotiations between the Palestinians and Israel. On issue after issue, they show Palestinian negotiators eager to concede ground, offering to give up much of Jerusalem, to accept Israel’s illegal settlements in the West Bank, to collaborate with Israeli occupation forces in suppressing dissent in the

A

01PGA07.indd 7

occupied territories — including killing fellow Palestinians — and even to forgo the right of return for most Palestinians driven from their homes by Israel in 1948. The papers give the lie to Israel’s claim that it yearns for peace but lacks a Palestinian “partner.” And they reinforce the sense that Israel has gone along with these negotiations only to buy time to expropriate more Palestinian land, demolish more Palestinian homes, expel more Palestinian families and build more colonies for the exclusive use of Jewish settlers in militarily occupied territory, thereby cementing new realities on the ground that would make a Palestinian state a geophysical impossibility. The major revelation from the documents, indeed, is the illustration they furnish of just how far the Palestinian negotiators were willing to go to placate Israel. Men like Saeb Erekat, Mahmoud Abbas and Ahmed Qurei — the lead Palestinian negotiators in all these years — are of a type that has come forth in every colonial conflict of the modern age. Faced with the over-

whelming brute power with which colonial states have always sought to break the will of indigenous peoples, they inhabit the craven weakness that the situation seems to dictate. Convinced that colonialism cannot be defeated, they seek to carve out some petty managerial role within it from which they might benefit, even if at the expense of their people. These men, we must remember, were not elected to negotiate an agreement with Israel. They have no legitimacy, offer zero credibility and can make no real claim to represent the views of Palestinians. And yet they were apparently willing to bargain away the right that stands at the very heart of the Palestinian struggle, a right that is not theirs to surrender — the right of return of Palestinians to the homes from which they were forced during the creation of Israel in 1948 — by accepting Israel’s insistence that only a token few thousand refugees should be allowed to return, and that the millions of others should simply go away (or, as we now learn that the United States suggested,

accept being shipped away like so much lost chattel to South America). All this was offered in pursuit of a “state” that would exist in bits and pieces, with no true sovereignty, no control over its own borders or water or airspace — albeit a “state” that it would, naturally, be their job to run. And all this was contemptuously turned down by the allegedly peaceseeking Israeli government, with the connivance of the United States, to whom the Palestinians kept plaintively appealing as an honest broker, even as it became clear that it is anything but. What these documents prove is that diplomatic negotiations between abject Palestinians and recalcitrant Israelis enjoying the unlimited and unquestioning support of the United States will never yield peace. No agreement these callow men sign would be accepted by the Palestinian people. Fortunately, most Palestinians are not as broken and hopeless as these so-called leaders. Every single day, millions of ordinary Palestinian men, women and children resist the

dictates of Israeli power, if only by refusing to give up and go away — by going to school, by farming their crops, by tending their olive groves. Refusing the dictates of brute power and realpolitik to which their so-called leaders have surrendered, the Palestinian people have already developed a new strategy that, turning the tables on Israel, transmutes every Israeli strength into a form of weakness. Faced with tanks, they turn to symbolic forms of protest that cannot be destroyed; faced with brutality, they demand justice; faced with apartheid, they demand equality. The Palestinians have learned the lessons of Soweto, and they have unleashed a simultaneously local and global campaign of protests and calls for boycotts and sanctions that offers the only hope of bringing Israelis — like their Afrikaner predecessors — to their senses. Saree Makdisi is a professor of English and comparative literature at UCLA. He is the author of, among other books, Palestine Inside Out: An Everyday Occupation.

2/1/2011 3:07:57 AM


8A

TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 1, 2011

MiamiHerald.com

INTERNATIONAL EDITION

THE MIAMI HERALD

LIVING

‘Sound of music’ gets a new groove

BY PATRICK HEALY

New York Times Service

The harmony of the Jackson 5’s hit song ABC is instantly recognizable as a falsetto-like voice starts “a buh-BUH buh buh-BUH,” echoed by a male chorus. But then little Michael Jackson and his brothers give way to another group of family singers: The seven Von Trapp children and their governess, Maria, and the lyrics from the Swiss Alps plough into those from Gary, Ind. Sew, a needle pulling thread La, a note to follow sew Tea, a drink with jam and bread That will bring us back to Do-re-mi As easy as 1-2-3 With their similar grooves, ABC and Do-Re-Mi from The Sound of Music seemed like a natural mash-up to Peter Kiesewalter of the Brooklyn Rundfunk Orkestrata, an instrumental quartet that mixes rock, jazz, R&B and more. But the Rodgers & Hammerstein organization, which holds the rights to the song-writing duo’s catalog, is famously persnickety. So when the organization’s legal department sent a cease-and-desist letter to Kiesewalter, he was a little nervous. He hadn’t just messed with Do-Re-Mi, he’d made mashups and covers out of all the songs from the 1959 musical. Turns out R&H ended up enthusiastically supporting the Brooklyn Rundfunk Orkestrata’s 12-song album, The Hills Are Alive. With the work, which will be released in early March, the band also has pointed up the relative

01PGA08.indd 8

rarity of riffs on The Sound of Music in spite of it being one of the best-selling musical theater albums of all time. “Ever since I was a kid I’ve watched the movie on TV at the holidays, but I’d come to realize how few, really original variations I’d heard on these songs,” said Kiesewalter, 44, who works as a music producer rearranging arias into pop songs at the East Village Opera Company. “So I thought the band could have some fun with these songs, and we booked a show at the Highline. Within hours of the Highline advertising the gig on its website, I got an e-mail from R&H legal.” The main concerns, said Ted Chapin, president of the Rodgers & Hammerstein organization, was that the concert was called The Sound of Music and the band didn’t have a license to use the music. Both sides were wary as they gathered for a meeting. The Orkestrata’s work impressed the music executives, however, and they were quick to offer a vote of confidence. “The extraordinary thing about The Sound of Music that’s different from many other musicals is that it’s a collection of songs that got into the culture and people began making reference to, like My Favorite Things and I Have Confidence and So Long, Farewell,” Chapin said. “Even mainstream popular singers did covers of the songs. And yet for all of that, there’s been relatively little smart, writtenout and well-scored experimentation,” a high point being John Coltrane’s legendary cover of My Favorite Things. (R&H will earn money every

CHAD BATKA/NEW YORK TIMES SERVICE

FOR THE LOVE OF MUSIC: Richard Hammond, left, and Peter Kiesewalter of the Brooklyn Rundfunk Orkestrata. time the Orkestrata’s album or songs are sold.) On The Hills Are Alive, every tune is sharply different in style from the number preceding it: rock, hip-hop, soul, bebop. Edelweiss, a patriotic ballad about country and resistance, was given a bluegrass feel and mixed with Marty Stuart’s song High on a Mountain Top in honor of the title flower which grows high in the Alps. Climb Ev’ry Mountain, a testament to female fortitude, had lyrics that the band felt would be found in Mary J Blige’s imagination, and went oldschool hip-hop with it. Sixteen Going on Seventeen,

an old-fashioned song about coming of age, was reimagined as a tune between a rabbi and a young woman at her (rather late) bat mitzvah, complete with an energetic klezmer treatment. The band also has recorded one music video for their version of Something Good. (The other three musicians in the band are Ben Butler on guitar, Richard Hammond on bass, and Jeff Lipstein on drums, with Kiesewalter on keyboards; various artists provide vocals.) Laurence Maslon, an associate arts professor at New York University’s Tisch School, and author of The Sound of Music Companion, said that the orig-

inal show tunes were “at once terrifically captivating and incredibly innocent and pure, part of a cultural era that was starting to come to a close in America.” “The Orkestrata didn’t get hung up on the camp element of the show, but instead takes the title and the lyrics seriously,” Maslon added. “Maria is a person who is a vessel for music. At the start of the show, she likes to hear birds chirp, but her destiny is to become a musician. I think Peter, in an un-self-conscious way, tapped into her being an open vessel to all the possibilities of music.” Early interest in the album

has been strong enough that the band has already booked performances in Los Angeles and back at the Highline Ballroom in March and Chicago in April. Kiesewalter acknowledged that he is tapping into a potentially lucrative market, given the enduring popularity of the show and the crowds that have packed Sound of Music singalong screenings in recent years. The only Broadway revival of the show, in 1998, ran for 16 months but drew mixed reviews. A more popular production from London has been touring Europe, and a version has been running in Tokyo as well.

2/1/2011 3:31:28 AM


BUSINESS&SPORTS B TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 1, 2011

THE MARKETS DOW 30

11,891.93

+68.00

S&P 500

1,286.12

+10.00

NASDAQ

2,700.08

+13.00

3.38

+0.05

$92.19

+$4.32

10-YR NOTE CRUDE OIL

Energy stocks push indexes higher

INTERNATIONAL EDITION

EU stresses 2020 renewable energy goals BRUSSELS — (AP) — Investment in renewable energy in the European Union has to be doubled to reach the target of having 20 percent of the region’s energy come from renewable sources by 2020, the bloc’s executive said Monday. Only three states — Germany, Hungary and Sweden — have met their 2010 goals for renewable energy for both electricity and transport, the European Commission said. Portugal, Poland and Lithuania also expect to have met both targets, but the Commission sees their progress as less advanced. Most other states reached their goals in one

of the two areas. By 2010, the European Union aimed to get 21 percent of its electricity from renewable sources — such as wind, solar, geothermal or water — and power 5.75 percent of all its transportation with non-diesel or gas fuels by 2010, although national targets varied widely. The Commission estimates that renewables reached an 18 percent share for electricity production and 5.1 percent in transportation. “We’re on the right track, but since it’s a bit lower we need to step up the pace in the next 10 years,” said the EU’s Energy Commissioner Guenther Oettinger.

To attain the 20 percent goal for energy overall, combined investment from private companies, the EU, and governments in renewable energy needs to rise to ¤70 billion ($96 billion) a year from ¤35 billion in 2009, the Commission said. It said EU governments need to better coordinate their national support schemes and financing instruments to attract the necessary private investment. “To be efficient we should develop wind energy where it’s windy and solar energy where it’s sunny,” said Oettinger. As part of such an approach, a country for which it

is cheap to develop renewable energy sources and therefore overshoots its targets could sell that surplus to a state where renewable sources are more expensive, the Commission said. In addition, states could co-finance projects in favorable locations and share production. Such improved coordination will see wind farms in Scotland produce electricity, which is stored in Norway and then used in northern Germany, Oettinger said. The EU’s energy policy will be one of the focal points of a meeting of EU leaders in Brussels on Friday.

BY CHIP CUTTER AND DAVID K. RANDALL Associated Press

NEW YORK — Energy stocks led indexes higher Monday, the first day of trading since the growing unrest in Egypt caused the largest oneday drop in the broad stock market in more than three months. Exxon Mobil gained 2.1 percent after it reported its most profitable quarter since 2008. Massey Energy jumped 9.8 percent after Alpha Natural Resources said that it would buy the coal producer in a $7.1 billion deal. Alpha Natural Resources fell 7.2 percent. The Dow Jones industrial average gained 68 points, or 0.6 percent, to close at 11,891.93. The broader Standard and Poor’s 500 index rose 10, or 0.8 percent, to 1,286.12. The Nasdaq composite index gained 13, or 0.5 percent, to 2,700.08. The Massey deal suggests “maybe coal isn’t dead,” said Kim Caughey Forrest, equity research analyst at Fort Pitt Capital Group. It also raises hopes for similar deals in the future, she said. Concerns remained over Egypt’s impact on oil prices. The country is not a major producer of oil, but it plays a key role in the industry because it controls the Suez Canal, a major route for oil tankers and cargo ships. Crude oil prices rose 3 percent to $92.19 a barrel. “The market wants to work its way higher,” said Sam Stovall, chief investment strategist of Standard & Poor’s. “The big worry is the unknown — the cascading effects that could occur.” Nine of the 10 company groups that make up the S&P index rose. Energy companies gained 2.6 percent, the most of any group. Bond prices fell slightly, sending their yields higher. The yield on the benchmark 10-year Treasury note rose to 3.38 percent from 3.33 percent late Friday. Bond prices rose Friday because investors sought less risky assets. Stronger economic data in the United States also helped push stocks higher. The Commerce Department reported that consumers increased their spending in December by more than analysts had predicted. Spending for all of 2010 rose by the largest amount in three years. Two stocks rose for every one that fell on the New York Stock Exchange. Consolidated volume came to 4.38 billion shares. Stocks fell broadly Friday due to escalating protests in Egypt and disappointing earnings reports from Amazon.com and Microsoft. The Dow fell 166.13 points, or 1.4 percent, to close at 11,823.70. The S&P index on Friday fell 23.20, or 1.8 percent, to 1,276.34. That was the broad market index’s largest fall since Aug. 11. The Nasdaq composite fell 68.39, or 2.5 percent, to 2,686.89.

01PGB01.indd 1

PHOTOS BY MUZAFFAR SALMAN/AP

GLITZY: Cars pass in front of the Damasquino Mall in Damascus, Syria. Authorities hope that the newly opened Casino Damascus will help shed Syria’s image as a rigid, closed country and attract tourists from oil-rich Arab countries.

Gambling on change With new casino, Syria bets on openness to world

BY ZEINA KARAM

Associated Press

The glittering casino showcases Syria’s gradual shedding of its socialist past in favor of the free market. At a time when economic discontent is shaking Tunisia and Egypt, President Bashar Assad is gambling that gradual change can insulate his country from such tumult. But for this country’s secular regime, Casino Damascus may be too much for devout Muslims

DAMASCUS, Syria — The young roulette dealer, dressed in electric green, gives the wheel a spin as a crowd of men clutch their whiskey glasses, hoping to strike it rich. Thus begins a night of gambling, drinking and mingling at the newly opened Casino Damascus — the first to open in Syria in • TURN TO CASINO, 2B nearly four decades.

ALL WELCOME: The entrance to Casino Damascus.

Consumer spending up in December Inflation in China may curb U.S. deficit BY MARTIN CRUTSINGER Associated Press

and the faster increase in spending meant that the savings rate dipped slightly in December to 5.3 percent of after-tax incomes. The savings rate edged down slightly to 5.8 percent, from 5.9 percent in 2009. Still the 2010 figure is well above the low of 1.4 percent hit in 2005 at the height of the housing boom when rising home prices encouraged U.S. citizens to spend more. The increased economic activity is not leading to higher infla-

tion. A price gauge tied to consumer spending showed prices outside of food and energy increased 0.7 percent in the 12 months ending in December, a record low. Economists expect a slowly improving job market and a payroll tax cut will boost spending further in 2011. The big question is whether the gains in consumer spending will be enough to offset weakness in the housing market and further cutbacks in government spending.

WASHINGTON — U.S. citizens spent at the fastest pace in three years in 2010, boosted by a strong finish in December. Consumer spending rose 0.7 percent in December, the sixth straight monthly increase, the Commerce Department reported Monday. Households saw their incomes rise 0.4 percent, the same as November. For all of 2010, consumers boosted spending 3.5 percent. That was the best performance since a 5.2 percent rise in 2007, before the recession began. The government reported earlier that consumer spending rose at a 4.4 percent rate in the final three months of 2010 — the most since 2006 and helping retailers to the best holiday shopping season in that time. Economists expect a cut in Social Security taxes will lift January’s spending and incomes even further that last month. But Paul Dales, senior U.S. economist at Capital Economics, said the boost could be short-lived without job growth. For 2010, incomes rose 3 percent after having fallen 1.7 percent TONY GUTIERREZ/AP in 2009. Still, incomes grew at the second-lowest annual pace in the GROWTH: A woman shops for holiday gifts at a store in Waco, eight years. The rise in incomes Texas. U.S. consumer spending rose 0.7 percent in December.

BY KEITH BRADSHER

New York Times Service

HONG KONG — Inflation is starting to slow China’s mighty export machine, as buyers from Western multinational companies balk at higher prices and have cut back their planned spring shipments across the Pacific. Markups of 20 percent to 50 percent on products like leather shoes and polo shirts have sent Western buyers scrambling for alternate suppliers. But from Vietnam to India, few low-wage developing countries can match China’s manufacturing might — and no country offers refuge from high global commodity prices. Already, the slowdown in U.S. orders has forced some shipping lines to cancel up to a quarter of their planned sailings to the United States this spring from Hong Kong and other Chinese ports. • TURN TO CHINA, 2B

2/1/2011 4:59:49 AM


2B

TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 1, 2011

MiamiHerald.com

INTERNATIONAL EDITION

THE MIAMI HERALD

Kabul Bank losses now put at $900 million BY ALISSA J. RUBIN AND JAMES RISEN

New York Times Service

KABUL, Afghanistan — Fraud and mismanagement at Afghanistan’s largest bank have resulted in potential losses of as much as $900 million — three times previous estimates — heightening concerns that the bank could collapse and trigger a broad financial panic in Afghanistan, according to U.S., European and Afghan officials. The extent of these losses make it clear that keeping the bank afloat — something the government has said it is determined to do — would require large infusions of cash from an already strained budget. Banking specialists, businessmen and government officials now fear that word of Kabul Bank’s troubles could even prompt a run on solvent banks, destroying the country’s nascent banking system and shaking the confidence of Western donors who are already questioning the level of their commitment to Afghanistan. The scandal has severe political and security implications. Investigators and Afghan businessmen believe that much of the money has gone into the pockets of a small group of privileged and politically connected Afghans, preventing earlier scrutiny of the bank’s dealings. The spotlight on how political and economic interests in Afghanistan are intertwined threatens to further undermine President Hamid Karzai’s government. The bank is also the prime conduit to pay Afghan security forces, leaving the U.S. military, which pays the salaries, looking for new banks to process the $800 million payroll. As Afghan regulators struggle to find out where the money went, many officials and international monitors concede that the missing millions may never be recovered, raising questions of how the losses could be replaced to keep the bank from failing. Afghan officials and businessmen have said the money was invested in a real estate bubble that has since burst

MICHAEL KAMBER/NEW YORK TIMES SERVICE

MONEY MATTERS: Men negotiate money exchanges at a market in Kabul. Potential losses of as much as $900 million at the Kabul Bank could deepen distrust of banks in the country. in Dubai, as well as in dubious projects and donations to politicians in Afghanistan. Millions of dollars have yet to be traced, and some of the money seems to have gone to front companies or individuals and then disappeared. The Afghan Central Bank and U.S. officials are conducting their own parallel investigations, but the problems are so serious that the International Monetary Fund has not yet renewed the assistance program to Afghanistan that expired in September, threatening an essential pillar of support to a government heavily reliant on international largess as it battles a nine-year insurgency. Many donor countries may have to delay aid to Afghanistan because of their own requirements that money go only to countries with IMF programs in good standing, Western diplomats said. Several officials described the bank as “too big to fail,” referring to its role in pay-

ing the salaries of hundreds of thousands of government employees. While Afghan and U.S. officials depict a crisis far worse than has been made public, State Department cables released by WikiLeaks show that Afghan and Western regulators were aware of many of the problems, but were most focused on the problem of terrorist financing, rather than the elaborate fraud scheme that was the main problem at Kabul Bank. A stream of complaints about the bank’s practices — many of them the problems that now threaten the bank’s survival — are dutifully recorded in the cables, but diplomats, at least in 2009 and early 2010, seemed not to have realized the profound effect they could have on the financial system as a whole. Although other banks here have had questionable loan practices, so far it is only Kabul Bank where what amounts to an enormous fraud scheme

Casino opens in Syria

01PGB02.indd 2

coverable. Karzai said Ghazi told him that of that $800 million, the bank’s new management has negotiated agreements for the repayment of about $300 million, but little has been repaid. Ghazi was appointed after the Central Bank forced a change in the bank’s management last fall. Kabul Bank has extensive links to senior people in the Afghan government. In addition to Mahmoud Karzai, other shareholders included Haseen Fahim, the brother of the first vice president, and several associates of the family from the north of Afghanistan. Afghan officials said the bank poured millions into Hamid Karzai’s election campaign. It is the loans and personal grants made by the bank to powerful people, including ministers, which could prove the most explosive, Western and Afghan officials said. “If people who are thought to be clean and who were held up

Inflation in China may help rein in U.S. trade deficit • CHINA, FROM 1B

• CASINO, FROM 1B

to swallow. “Gambling is a grave sin,” said Mohammed Habash, member of parliament and director of the Islamic Studies Center, who puts it on a par with drug abuse. “We must use all legal means to prevent gambling from entering our lives.” The casino is hardly as glamorous as those in neighboring Lebanon or Turkey, but officials hope it will help shed Syria’s image as a rigid, closed country and attract tourists from oil-rich Arab countries. “Syria has opened up, and this is one of the signs,” said Jihad Yazigi, editor-in-chief of The Syria Report, a Parisbased online weekly founded the year after Assad succeeded his father, Hafez Assad, as president. Casinos are rare in Arab countries; many use Islamic law, which forbids gambling. On a recent night, however, the smoke-filled Casino Damascus was operating at full capacity. Coins jingled in slot machines, and smartly dressed men and women placed bets at baccarat, blackjack and roulette tables. “It’s a good economic move, but a bad one for society,” said Marwan, a 70-year-old Syrian. “I see a lot of young people getting into trouble. This is not a good hobby,” he said. Still, it didn’t stop this twice-weekly customer from taking his seat at the blackjack table, although he and other gamblers declined to

was conducted over a period of years and whose troubles are sending tremors through the Afghan business community and worrying Western donors. Deloitte, a top U.S. accounting firm that had staffers in the Central Bank under a United States government contract over the last several years, either did not know or did not mention to U.S. authorities that they had any inkling of serious irregularities at Kabul Bank. Deloitte was not responsible for auditing the bank’s books; a spokesman for Deloitte did not respond to requests for comment. In an interview this weekend, Mahmoud Karzai, Hamid Karzai’s brother and a prominent investor in the Kabul Bank, said that the new president of Kabul Bank, Masood Musa Ghazi, told him in the last several days that there were approximately $800 million in loans still outstanding. These are potentially unre-

as ‘good’ by Western countries suddenly are caught with their fingers in the till, it will cause questions from donors,” said a Western official in Kabul. “They will say, ‘Why are we here?’ ” Mahmoud Karzai said he believes that the bank’s former chairman, Sherkhan Farnood, was responsible for the problems at the bank, saying that he often moved large amounts of money out of the bank on his own, with no oversight. Farnood could not be reached for comment on Sunday, and has declined to comment in the past. Karzai and Farnood were previously business partners, but had a falling-out over the operation of Kabul Bank. While he was in charge, Farnood had total control over what loans were made and what money was moved out of Kabul Bank, Karzai said. He said he was told by the bank’s managers that Farnood took about $98 million out of Kabul Bank to finance the purchase and subsequent operations of Pamir Airways, a small passenger airline that serves Afghanistan. In a cable from Sept. 26, 2009, posted by WikiLeaks, U.S. diplomats said that competitor airlines complained that “Kabul Bank is using its deposit base to subsidize Pamir Air without its depositors’ knowledge in an attempt to drive competitors out of business.” Karzai said that Farnood had been given space at Kabul Bank, where he was supposed to be helping the new management find the bank’s missing money. “I think the bank is working with him to figure out what happened to the money, because he knows whom he lent it to and he knows where it is,” Karzai said. A spokeswoman for the U.S. Treasury Department in Washington declined to comment on the U.S. inquiry. “The situation of Kabul Bank is extremely serious,” said a Western diplomat in Kabul. “What you can observe is that the loans were either to fictive operators who did not exist or they were for investments outside the country.”

MUZAFFAR SALMAN/AP

INCREASING CHOICE: Tourists shop in the Old City of Damascus, Syria. be fully identified, reflecting the stigma that still surrounds gambling in Syria. That stigma apparently explains why the casino is near the airport, some 20 miles from downtown, and was inaugurated without fanfare on Christmas Eve. There are no signs advertising its existence, and it is one of the few public places that does not feature a portrait of Assad — a sign the president does not want to be associated with it publicly, even though the casino could not exist without his approval. The owner is Syrian businessman Khaled Hboubati, whose father owned a casino in the same place before it was closed down in the mid1970s during Hafez Assad’s three decades of iron-fisted rule. His son, a British-trained eye doctor, has moved slowly to lift Soviet-style economic restrictions. He has let in foreign banks, thrown the doors open to imports, authorized private universities and empowered the private sector. “It shows a desire on the part of the Syrian government to portray a more liberal Syria in terms of societal behaviors,” said editor Yazigi. Today’s Syria is buzzing

with young people enjoying the country’s many sidewalk cafes, pubs and nightclubs. Glossy shopping malls vie with the famous bazaar, and dozens of historic houses have been converted into boutique hotels and fine restaurants. The Damascus Opera House, inaugurated by Assad and his wife, Asma, in 2004, features international orchestras, plays and exhibitions. Tourism Minister Saadalla Agha Al Kalaa says tourism last year rose 40 percent from 2009, generating $8 billion in revenues, and this month a U.S. ambassador arrived to take up his post, the first since 2005. It all points to a country breaking out of the isolation it has suffered over accusations of involvement in the assassination of a former prime minister in neighboring Lebanon, of working against the U.S. presence in neighboring Iraq and of supporting Palestinian militants. Syria has fought three wars with Israel, while its troops stationed in Lebanon controlled that country for 29 years. Market reforms and hopes of foreign investment are a strong incentive to prevent any renewal of tensions.

The trend, if it continues, could eventually ease trade tensions by beginning to limit the United States’ huge trade deficit with China. Those tensions were an undercurrent during Chinese President Hu Jintao’s recent Washington meetings with U.S. President Barack Obama. Manufacturers and distributors across a range of industries say the likely result of the export slowdown is higher prices for U.S. shoppers in the coming months, and possibly brief shortages of some products if Western retailers delay purchases too long while haggling over prices. China exports more than $4 of goods to the United States for each $1 it imports from the United States, creating a trade surplus of about $275 billion. The higher Chinese prices will tend to show up mainly in products like inexpensive clothing and other commodity goods in which labor and raw materials represent a bigger part of the final value — rather than in sophisticated electronics like Apple iPads, in which Chinese assembly is only a small fraction of the cost. Of course, the slowdown in the volume of imports could also prove temporary, if U.S. consumers accept higher prices and Western corporate buyers end up renewing contracts at much higher costs. In the meantime, if the average price for each imported product rises faster than the volume of shipments falls, China’s sur-

plus with the United States could continue increasing temporarily. But whatever the eventual impact on trade, Chinese inflation also might reduce Washington’s pressure on Beijing over its currency, the renminbi. For more than a year, the Obama administration has been pushing China to let the renminbi rise in value against the dollar. China’s intervention in the currency market — essentially, issuing renminbi to buy up dollars — has kept its currency artificially low. But that flood of money has also driven inflation, giving Beijing an incentive to let the renminbi move higher. Indeed, the renminbi has increased 3.6 percent against the dollar since last June. The Obama administration is starting to suggest that the currency problem could gradually solve itself if Chinese prices rise so fast that U.S. goods become more competitive. The first signs of a potential slowdown in Chinese exports have shown up in shipping. As factories closed on Friday across much of China in preparation for weeklong Chinese New Year celebrations, ports in Hong Kong and elsewhere along the coast were working long hours to meet last-minute shipments. But the annual pre-New Year rush has been nothing like that of recent years, causing shipping lines to reverse rate increases and cancel sailings they introduced last summer as the U.S. economy improved. This winter, the scurrying started only two weeks be-

fore the holidays, instead of the usual four weeks, according to shipping executives. That is because many Chinese factories simply cut back production this month as their Western customers began resisting steep price increases. China’s inflation is running 5 percent at the consumer level, according to official measures. But Chinese and Western economists describe these measures as based on flawed, outdated techniques and say the real figure may be up to twice as high. In contrast, the annual inflation rate in the United States is low by historical standards — about 1.5 percent currently. China imposed price controls on food in midNovember to limit inflation. But Chinese state media began warning the public on Wednesday that those controls might be ineffective, as a drought in northern China has damaged the winter wheat crop and frost has spoiled part of the vegetable harvest in the south. China’s $6 trillion economy used to be heavily dependent on exports for growth. Exports still account for about one-fifth of the economy, after excluding goods that are merely imported to China for final assembly and then re-exported. But China’s economy has grown powerfully for the last two years mainly on the strength of investment-led domestic demand. That demand, partly fed by low-interest lending by state-owned banks, is another factor in China’s inflation.

2/1/2011 3:10:30 AM


THE MIAMI HERALD

MiamiHerald.com

INTERNATIONAL EDITION

BUSINESS BRIEFS

3B

Chrysler cuts loss as rebound continues

• ENERGY

BY TOM KRISHER

Associated Press

GENE J. PUSKAR/AP

EXCELLENT: Exxon has said that its fourth quarter net income is its best since the third quarter of 2008.

Exxon reports fourth quarter profit up 53% From Miami Herald Wire Services

Exxon Mobil earned $9.25 billion in the last three months of 2010, its most profitable quarter since the record third quarter of 2008. The largest publicly traded oil company said Monday that net income grew 53 percent in the fourth quarter as it produced more oil to take advantage of higher prices. On a per-share basis, net income was $1.85 per share. In the year-ago quarter, Exxon earned $6.05 billion, or $1.27 per share. Exxon set a record for quarterly net income by a publicly traded company of $14.83 billion in the July-September period in 2008. Revenue increased 17 percent to $105 billion. • SPAIN ANOTHER BIG SAVINGS BANK TO LIST SHARES A Spanish savings bank group led by Caja Madrid has agreed to create a full-blown commercial bank and said Monday it will list its shares on the stock market to raise capital and meet new solvency requirements. The announcement by Caja Madrid and group chairman Rodrigo Rato, a former IMF managing director and former Spanish finance minister, came just days after Barcelona-based savings bank La Caixa also said it was creating a bank to boost its capital buffers, as mandated by the Spanish government. • BANKING BOSTON PRIVATE’S WARRANTS TO BE AUCTIONED The U.S. Treasury Department says it will conduct an auction this week to sell the warrants it received from Boston Private Financial Holdings. The sale is the latest effort by the government to recoup the costs of the $700 billion financial bailout. Treasury said that the sale of 2.89 million warrants from the Boston-based financial institution will take place on Tuesday with the results announced Wednesday. It set a minimum bid price of $1.40 per warrant. Purchase of the warrants gives the holder the right to buy Boston Financial common stock at a fixed price. Last week, the government received $312.2 million from the sale of warrants it held in Citigroup, a bank it rescued with $45 billion in support from the Troubled Asset Relief Program during the height of the financial crisis in 2008. • BOOKSTORE BORDERS AGAIN DELAYS PAYMENT TO VENDORS Borders, the struggling book chain, said that it would delay more payments to its vendors and landlords as it tried to preserve cash and avoid bankruptcy. In a statement, Borders said the delay was “intended to help the company maintain liquidity while it seeks to complete a refinancing or restructuring of its existing credit facilities and other obligations.” Borders, the second-largest book chain in the United States, added that it “understands the impact of its decision on the affected parties.” It is the second month in a row that Borders has delayed payments to vendors. • TELECOMMUNICATIONS TELECOM ITALIA SELLS CUBAN TELECOM STAKE Telecom Italia has sold its stake in the Cuban telecommuniations company ETECSA to the Cuban company Rafin. Telecom Italia sold its entire 27 percent stake in the company for $760 million. Telecom Italia said in a release Monday that it has received $500 million and that it will be paid the remainder in 36 monthly installments. Telecom Italia held the stake through Telecom Italia International. • NEWSPAPER POLITICAL AD BOOSTS GANNETT’S 4Q INCOME Gannett, the country’s biggest newspaper publisher, says fourth-quarter earnings jumped 30 percent as political advertising lifted revenue at its television stations and costs fell. The owner of USA Today and more than 80 other dailies earned $174.1 million, or 72 cents per share, in the quarter. That’s up from $133.6 million, or 56 cents per share, in the same quarter of 2009. Stripping out one-time items, Gannett says earnings per share climbed to 83 cents from 70 cents. That’s two cents better than analysts surveyed by FactSet expected. Revenue was essentially flat at $1.46 billion, roughly in line with average forecast for $1.47 billion. • AIRLINES WTO FINDS BOEING GOT ILLEGAL AID, EU SAYS The European Union said Monday that the World Trade Organization found U.S. aid to Boeing violated international rules — claiming to have won the latest round in the long-running subsidy battle between the Chicago-based plane maker and European rival Airbus. The EU said the WTO report confirmed a preliminary ruling on the case made in September. That ruling came months after the Geneva-based trade body faulted European governments for illegally supporting local aircraft maker Airbus.

01PGB03.indd 3

TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 1, 2011

Chrysler lost $652 million, compared with a staggering $8 billion loss in 2009 when it would have run out of cash without government help. On an operating basis, excluding interest and taxes, Chrysler made $198 million from October through December, but that was $41 million less than it made in the third quarter. Global sales also were down 7 percent. Joe Phillippi, a former Wall Street analyst who now is president of New Jerseybased AutoTrends Consulting, said the increased loss from the third quarter to the fourth is not a sign of trouble. The difference, he said, can easily be explained by the cost of launching the new vehicles and rising commodity prices such as steel. With predictions of U.S. auto sales rebounding this year, Chrysler should be able to post profits and pull off a stock sale late in the year, he said. The company has four

completely new models in the 300 big sedan, the Jeep Grand Cherokee and Dodge Durango sport utility vehicle and the Fiat 500 minicar, but even though its other models have been updated, they still appear old and Chrysler likely will have to offer discounts to sell them against tough competition, he said. Chrysler’s gross debt also went up by $1.1 billion for the quarter to $13.1 billion as it issued a $1 billion note to a trust set up to pay healthcare costs for Canadian auto workers. Chrysler, hampered by an aging model lineup through much of last year, used big expense cuts and sales to rental car companies to trim its losses and make it through the first half of last year. The company’s fortunes started to turn when the refurbished Jeep Grand Cherokee SUV went on sale in the middle of the year, and the company is now in the midst of rolling out the new or revamped models. In the lead up to bankrupt-

cy, Chrysler’s old owners, private equity firm Cerberus Capital Management, slashed expenses to conserve cash. Since 2007, Chrysler has closed five factories and shed more than 35,000 workers, cutting nearly a third of its factory capacity. As a result, the company can come close to breaking even in a depressed U.S. auto sales market such as last year, when sales to taled 11.6 million. But the cuts also left Sergio Marchionne, the Fiat chief who was installed as Chrysler’s leader by the U.S. government, with no new products for much of the past two years. Only now is that situation starting to change, and Chrysler even has added back 5,000 workers to develop and build new vehicles. “It can safely be said that what Chrysler delivered last year, on both the product and financial fronts, surpassed many expectations,” Marchionne said Monday in a statement.

DETROIT — An optimistic Chrysler narrowed its net loss significantly in the fourth quarter and forecast a net profit for 2011 as it continued a comeback from bankruptcy protection. Chrysler, which has not turned a quarterly profit since leaving bankruptcy, said Monday that it lost $199 million from October through December, far better than the $2.7 billion it lost during the same period of 2009. There were some troubling signs in the fourth quarter, though. Chrysler had been cutting its losses during the first nine months of the year, but the fourth-quarter loss was more than double the $84 million it lost in the third quarter because of cost increases. Revenue for the quarter also dropped, falling 2 percent from the third quarter to $10.8 billion. The company said it had increased advertising costs from launching 11 new models in the fourth quarter, and shipments were lower because factories had to switch from old models to newer ones. But Chrysler, which is controlled by Italy’s Fiat Group, remained positive in its outlook. It predicted it would make $200 million to $500 million in 2011, setting the stage for an initial public stock offering that could take place at the end of this year. The U.S. government gave Chrysler $12.5 billion to get through bankruptcy in 2009. In exchange, the government got a 10 percent stake in the company. Chrysler still must repay $5.8 billion on the loans, and the government hopes to get the rest of its money back in the stock sale. Karl Brauer, senior analyst for the Edmunds.com automotive website, said 16 new or revamped models, 11 of which hit showrooms toward the end of last year, have given Chrysler momentum to back its prediction of turning a profit. “They certainly have more PAUL SANCYA/AP and more going for them all the time,” he said. DRIVING UPWARD: A line worker assembles a Dodge Avenger at Chrysler Assembly For the full year in 2010, Plant in Michigan.

Moody’s slashes Egypt’s bond ratings BY TAREK EL TABLAWY Associated Press

CAIRO — Moody’s Investors Service cut Egypt’s sovereign rating, revised its outlook to negative and warned further reductions were possible after a week of protests that have catapulted the Arab world’s most populous nation into a state of chaos. The downward revision in the country’s outlook was at least the second by an international ratings agency since the mass demonstrations demanding President Hosni Mubarak’s ouster began a week ago. The move highlighted growing concerns about Egypt’s stability, and by extension, the economy. The cut was driven by the growing unrest, noting that “Egypt suffers from deepseated political and socioeconomic challenges,” said Tristan Cooper, Moody’s head analyst for Middle East Sovereigns. The ratings agency’s cut of the government bond from Ba1 to Ba2 appears more symbolic than substantive. They were already in the speculative range — far from invest-

ment grade. But the downgrades will do little to ease borrowing costs for Egypt, which have already climbed since the unrest began. Moody’s also cut the country ceiling for foreign currency bonds to Baa3 from Baa2, the lowest investment grade level. Late last week, rating agency Fitch had lowered its outlook for Egypt to negative from stable, also citing worries about the unrest and questions about what it means for the country. Unemployment is unofficially estimated at over 25 percent — and even higher among the youth — food price inflation has been at about 17 percent per year and the rampant poverty and inequity in income distribution have all served as a catalyst for the popular uprising. The unrest has had a palpable, if yet not-quantified, effect on the economy. It also has analysts jittery about a spillover effect in much the same way they had voiced worries when Tunisia’s protests weeks earlier led to the ousting of that country’s president.

Within Egypt, the stock market’s benchmark index fell about 17 percent in the span of two days before the weekend, and has been closed since. Its decline triggered a ripple effect in regional exchanges. That slide, however, appeared short-lived as most regained at least some of the losses accrued Sunday, the first day of the work week in much of the Arab world. Few to no companies have been working since Thursday, the end of the work week. Unilever said its offices in Cairo have been closed since Jan. 28. General Motors’ plant in the 6th of October City near Cairo has not been producing vehicles also since that date, and production was not expected to restart at least until after Friday, according to an employee at the plant who declined to be identified because he was not authorized to speak to the media. The government has cut Internet access since Jan. 28 — a move aimed at disrupting protesters’ ability to mobilize. But one potential longterm effect of the move is to

undercut investor confidence in a country that has taken pride in its growing outsourcing and call center business. With no Web access, such services are at a standstill. Egypt’s fiscal deficit is roughly 8 percent of gross domestic product, compared with a median 4 percent for other countries with Ba ratings, according to Moody’s. Its public debt also was significantly higher than other countries in the same category. Part of the problem stemmed from sizable subsidy costs. The government spends roughly 100 billion Egyptian pounds — or $16.9 billion — per year on subsidizing key commodities such as fuel and foodstuff, with roughly 63 million of its 80 million people receiving such help. Efforts to cut the subsidies — a key step to boosting spending in other sectors — were delayed by the world’s recession two years earlier. “There is a strong possibility that fiscal policy will be loosened as part of the government’s efforts to contain discontent,” Moody’s said.

Fish consumption soars as ocean stocks dwindle BY NICOLE WINFIELD Associated Press

ROME — Fish is becoming a larger part of people’s diets thanks to the booming fish farm industry, but ocean stocks continue to dwindle despite increasing international efforts to regulate catches and stop overfishing. The U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization said in a report released Monday that there had been no improvement in the level of global fish stocks and that the overall percentage of overfished, depleted or recovering stocks is expected to be slightly higher than in 2006.

While expressing concern at the trend, FAO suggested that the financial and nutritional plusses of increasing fish production and consumption should not be brushed off. Overall, fisheries and acquaculture support the livelihoods of some 540 million people — eight percent of the world’s population, FAO said in its State of the World’s Fisheries and Acquaculture report. In addition, in 2007 fish accounted for 15.7 percent of the world’s intake of animal protein. Much of that is due to fish farms, or acquaculture,

which is set to overtake capture fisheries as the main source of fish as food, FAO said. In the early 1950s, acquaculture production was less than 1 million tons per year; in 2008 it was 52.5 million tons worth $98.4 billion. But in the open seas, fish stocks are dwindling due to overfishing and illegal hauls which bring in an estimated $10 billion to $23.5 billion annually, FAO said. About 32 percent of world fish stocks are estimated to be overexploited, depleted or recovering and need to be urgently rebuilt, the report said. “That there has been no

improvement in the status of stocks is a matter of great concern,” said senior FAO fisheries expert Richard Grainger. “The percentage of overexploitation needs to go down although at least we seem to be reaching a plateau.” That said, another 15 percent of the stocks FAO watches are considered to be underfished or moderately fished, meaning they could produce more. International efforts have been growing to enforce tighter controls on the fishing industry, but the sector is notoriously not transparent, environmental groups charge.

2/1/2011 3:39:33 AM


4B

TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 1, 2011

%08  

,

,

41  



/"4%"2  



12,080

Dow Jones industrials

11,880

Close: 11,891.93 Change: 68.23 (0.6%)

11,680

MiamiHerald.com

INTERNATIONAL EDITION

,

12,000

,

:35#0/%4 



Nasdaq composite

2,720

Close: 2,700.08 Change: 13.19 (0.5%) 10 DAYS

2,800

11,500

2,600

11,000 2,400 10,500 2,200

10,000 9,500

A

S

O

N 

IjeYaiH[YWf DOI;D7I:        

7PM JONJM    1WT7PMVNF   "EWBODFE  %FDMJOFE  /FX)JHIT  /FX-PXT 

?dj[h[ijHWj[i

D >?=>

BEM

%08  %085SBOT  %086UJM  /:4&$PNQ  /"4%"2  41  41  41  8JMTIJSF  3VTTFMM 

         

 JH;7IKH?;I

 O;IJ

 FLI

D;J 9>=

        

        

 















1SJNF3BUF 'FE'VOET5BSHFU NPOUI5CJMM NPOUI5CJMM XL5CJMM ZFBS5OPUF ZFBS5OPUF ZFBS5OPUF ZFBS5CPOE

The yield on the 10-year Treasury rose to 3.37 percent. Changing yields affect interest rates on consumer loans.

2,000

J

A 9BEI;

S

9>=$

    

     

 

 

   























   'OH MA CE GJH 7=E . . 0 0 0 0 0 0 /

      

      

    

 

N

9>=$

. . . 0 0 0 0 / /

. . / / / / / / /

        

D;J'OH 8ED:IO;IJFLI9>=MACEGJH7=E #BSDMBZT-POH5#E*EY #POE#VZFS.VOJ*EY #BSDMBZT64"HHSFHBUF #BSDMBZT64)JHI:JFME .PPEZT"""$PSQ*EY #BSDMBZT$PNQ5#E*EY #BSDMBZT64$PSQ

O

0 0 0 0 . 0 0

/ / 0 0 / 0 0

/ / / 0 / / /

      

The dollar fell against the euro and pound Monday on news of higher U.S. consumer spending. The dollar got a lift late last week as traders sought safety because of tensions in Egypt.

 9EKDJHO

9khh[dYo_dKI % B7IJ FH;L$

"SHFOU 1FTP  #SB[JM 3FBM  #SJUBJO 1PVOE  $BOBEB %PMMBS  $IJMF 1FTP  $IJOB :VBO  $PMPNCJB 1FTP  %PNJOJDBO3FQ 1FTP  &VSP &VSP  *OEJB 3VQFF  *TSBFM 4IFLFM  +BQBO :FO  .FYJDP 1FTP  /PSXBZ ,SPOF  1FSV /FX4PM  4P"GSJDB 3BOE  4XJU[FSMOE 'SBOD  6SVHVBZ /FX1FTP 

                 

                 

KI_d9khh[dYo B7IJ FH;L$                  

                 

=beXWbCWha[ji C7@EHI #VFOPT"JSFT"SHFOUJOB 'SBOLGVSU%"9 -POEPO'54& )POH,POH)BOH4FOH 1BSJT$"$ .FYJDP 5PLZP/JLLFJ 4BP1BVMP#SB[JM 5PSPOUP$BOBEB

O;IJ         

MiamiHerald.com Follow the stock markets at MiamiHerald.com/ business: â–  Check local stocks â–  Track your portfolio â–  Customize a watch list â–  Calculate returns

IjeYaie\Iekj^ <beh_ZW?dj[h[ij D7C;:?LBWij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

01PGB04.indd 4

                                                                                   





 



 





  



 



 

   









 

    

 





 



 

 



 

   

 







 







 

 



  

  

 









 



 







 

  





  



 



 

   









 

    

 





 



 

 



 

   

 







 







 

 



  

  

 









 



 



9>=

   



  



9>=

   



  



MA CE GJH 0 0 / / / / 0 0 / 0 / / 0 / / 0 0 / 0 / / 0 0 0 / / /

OJ:



 



 

 



J

MA CE GJH / 0 / / / / / / / 0

OJ:

/ / / / / / / / / /

 













 

CWha[jIkccWho =7?D;HI(EHCEH; D7C;

B7IJ

9>=

9>=

%FQPNFE /141IN (PPE5JNST 4BNT0( 1FPQ&EVD 4FOFDB# %BUBSBNI ;JPOXU 5FMF/BWO $SPTTIHST

         









































BEI;HI(EHCEH; D7C;

<eh[_]d ;nY^Wd][

D

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 / 0 /

$IJOB.EB *OUFMMJQI 3EJGGDN $IFSPLFF 0WSME4USTI #L$BSPM 0O5SBDL "NQBM $IJOB4IFO /"$$0

B7IJ

9>=

9>=

         

         

         

M_Z[bo>[bZ DWc[

BWij 9^]

"55*OD ".% "MDPB "MQIB/3T "QME.BUM #LPG"N $IFT&OH $JTDP $JUJHSQ %S4$#FBSST &YYPO.CM 'JGUI5IJSE 'PSE. (FO&MFD )VOU#OL J4I+BQO J4I4JMWFS J4I$IJOB J4I&.LUT J4I3, *OUFM +1.PSH$I .BTTFZ&O

                      

DWc[

BWij 9^]





  







 



  













.JDSPO5

 

.JDSPTPGU



1FUSPCSBT

 

1m[FS

 

1X4IT222

 

1S64I41





1SP-PHJT











41&5'   4JSJVT9.



4QSJOU/FY

 

41&OHZ

,



$36%&0*

,



&630 

,



(0-%  

-



'+&8_]][ijCkjkWb<kdZi

2,800

2,640

10 DAYS

.05#*--4 



THE MIAMI HERALD

 

41%3'ODM

 

640JM'E

 

7BMF4"

 

7BOH&NH

 

8FMMT'BSHP

 

:BIPP

 

  OJ: <KD:J?9A;H D7L9>=HJD

  OJ: <KD:J?9A;H D7L9>=HJD

7c[h_YWd<kdZi  ".$"1"N ".$19  #BM"N "#"-9  #POE"N "#/%9  $BQ*OD#V"N $"*#9  $Q8ME(S*"N $8(*9  &VS1BD(S"N "&1(9  'O*OW"N "/$'9  (SUI"N"N "(5)9  )J*OD"N ")*59  *OD"NFS"N ".&$9  *OW$P"N"N "*749  .VUVBM"N ".3.9  /FX1FSTQ"N "/819  /X8SME"N /&8'9  4N$Q8ME"N 4.$89  8".VU*OW"N "84)9 8bWYaHeYa  (MPC"MD"N .%-09  (MPC"MD$N .$-09  (MPC"MD*E ."-09 9ebkcX_W  "DPSO; "$3/9 :<7  &N.LU7BM* %'&79  *OU4N$BQ* %*479 :Wl_i  /:7FOU"N /:759  /:7FOU: %/7:9 :eZ][9en  #BM %0%#9  *ODPNF %0%*9  *OUM4UL %0%'9  4UPDL %0%(9 ;WjedLWdY[  -SH$Q7BM"N &)459 <W_h^ebc[<kdZi  'BJSIPNFE '"*39 <_Z[b_jo  #BM '#"-9  #M$I(SPX '#(39  $BQ*ODE '"(*9  $POUSB '$/59  %JTD&R '%&29  %JW(SPX '%('9  %JWS*OUME '%*79  &R*OD '&2*9  '' ''7'9  '' ''''9  'SFF '''$9  'SFF '''%9  'SFF ''589  'SFF '''&9  (SPX$P '%(39  *OUM%JTDE '*(39  -PX1SJ4ULE '-149  .BHFMMBO '."(9  1VSJUBO '1639  4I5N#POE '4)#9  4USBU*OD '4*$9  5PUBM#E '5#'9  64#E*EY '#*%9 <_Z[b_joIfWhjWd  64&R*OEY"H '6479  64&R*OEY* '64&9 <_hij;W]b[  (MC"N 4(&/9 <hWdaJ[cf#<hWdab_d  $"5'"N ',5'9  'FE5'"N ',5*9  *ODPNF"N ',*/9  *ODPNF$N '$*49 <hWdaJ[cf#CkjkWb  %JTDPW"N 5&%*9  4IBSFT; .65)9 <hWdaJ[cf#J[cfb[jed  (M#POE"N 51*/9  (M#POE"EW 5(#"9  (SPXUI"N 5&1-9 =CE  2V7* (2-09 >WhXeh  $BQ"Q*OTU )"$"9  *OUM*OTUME )"*/9 >Whj\ehZ  $BQ"QS"N *5)"9  $Q"Q)-4*" )*"$9 ?DL;I9E  &R*ODPNF"N "$&*9 ?lo  "TTFU4US"N 8"4"9  "TTFU4US$N 8"4$9 @FCeh]Wd  $PSF#POE4FMFDU 80#%9 @e^d>WdYeYa  -JG#BC +*-#9  -JG(SC +*-(9 BWpWhZ  &NH.L&RU*E -;&.9 Bed]b[W\FWhjd[hi  -POH1BSU --1'9

Beec_iIWob[i  #POE*  #POE3C EWacWha  &R*OD* Eff[d^[_c[h  %FW.LU"N  (MPC"N F?C9E  "MM"TTFU*  $PN3M34U*  -PX%S*T  5PU3FU"N  5PU3FU"ENC  5PU3FU$N  5PU3FU*T  5PU3FUSO%C F[hcWd[dj  1PSUGPMJP IY^mWX  414FME JHem[Fh_Y[  #M$IQ(S  $BQ"QQSFD  &R*OEFYE  &RUZ*OD  (SPX4UL  .JE$BQ7B  .JE$Q(S  /FX)PSJ[  /FX*ODPNF  3UNU  7BMVF J^ehdXkh]  *OUM7BM*E LWd]kWhZ  "ENM  *OW  &N.LU*"ENE  (/."  (/.""ENM  ):$PS"ENME  )MU$S"ENME  )MUI$BSFE  *5(SBEF"E  *OG1SU"EN  *OGMB1SP  *OTU*EY*  *OTU1MVT  *OTU54U1M  *OUM(SE  -JGF(SP  -JGF.PE  .JE$Q*TU  .V*OU"ENM  .V-UE"ENM  .V4IU"ENM  1SNDQE  1SNDQ"ENME  45$PS  45(SBEF"E  4UBS  5HU3F  5HU3F  5HU3F  5HUFU  5PU#E"ENM  5PU#E*OTU  5PU#E.L*OW  5PU#E.L4JH  5PU*OUME  5PU4U*"EN  5PU4U**OT  5PU4U*EY  8FMMT*  8FMMT*"EN  8FMMUO  8FMMUO"EN  8OET**"EN  8OETS  8OETS**

19.27 18.29 12.20 50.03 36.17 41.56 37.54 30.96 11.47 16.82 28.76 25.76 28.79 53.10 38.49 27.71

+.13 +.09 ... +.13 +.15 +.12 +.31 +.26 ... +.07 +.18 +.14 +.15 +.03 +.11 +.19

























  



19.51 18.21 19.59

... ... ...







30.15

+.29



35.03 17.56

+.14 +.07





34.80 35.17

+.23 +.24





71.90 13.28 35.89 111.07

+.31 -.01 +.11 +.66









18.46

+.14



35.01

...



18.54 46.28 9.67 68.13 23.22 29.13 30.47 45.57 11.49 8.16 13.76 13.99 11.70 14.00 84.80 33.14 38.89 72.83 18.21 8.48 11.19 10.75 11.33

+.08 +.41 +.02 +.39 +.14 +.29 +.18 +.32 +.05 +.06 +.06 +.07 +.07 +.09 +.61 +.08 +.15 +.37 +.10 ... +.01 -.01 ...















































45.54 45.54

+.35 +.35





46.50

+.02



6.57 11.23 2.23 2.25

-.01 ... +.01 +.01

 





29.70 21.23

+.01 +.06





13.46 ... 18.37

+.01 ... +.03

 



20.32

+.05



37.07 61.39

+.31 +.43





35.33 43.22

... ...





8.75

...



24.21 23.52

... ...

 

11.52

...



13.01 12.94

... ...





20.60

-.02



28.37

...



-4#%9 -4#39

14.37 14.32

... ...





0",#9 0%."9 011"9

27.97

...



34.53 61.95

+.09 +.23





1""*9 1$3*9 15-%9 155"9 153"9 155$9 15539 155%9

12.10 9.32 10.41 10.86 10.86 10.86 10.86 10.86

... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...

















131'9

45.50

+.18



48119

20.03

+.15



53#$9 138$9 13&*9 13'%9 13('9 53.$9 31.(9 13/)9 13$*9 533#9 537-9

38.87 20.59 34.66 24.15 32.38 23.94 59.93 33.49 9.48 16.58 23.87

+.35 ... +.26 ... ... ... +.61 ... ... ... ...













 







5(7*9

28.85

+.04



118.57 118.55 38.77 10.73 10.73 5.78 52.45 124.30 9.94 25.54 13.00 117.73 117.74 29.17 19.33 22.38 19.79 20.82 13.14 10.96 15.85 67.58 70.12 10.80 10.80 19.31 12.55 22.37 13.30 12.79 10.58 10.58 10.58 10.58 15.87 32.26 32.27 32.25 21.84 52.92 31.72 54.79 46.94 13.93 26.45

+.90 +.90 +.10 -.01 -.01 ... +.21 +.51 -.02 +.01 ... +.89 +.90 +.22 +.15 +.12 +.07 +.18 ... ... ... +.41 +.42 ... ... +.07 +.04 +.09 +.08 +.06 -.02 -.02 -.02 -.02 +.08 +.24 +.25 +.24 +.01 +.02 +.13 +.23 +.30 +.12 +.17



 











  





 





   

















   

























7'*"9 7'*/9 7&."9 7'**9 7'*+9 78&"9 7()"9 7()$9 7'*%9 7"*19 7*149 7*/*9 7***9 7*519 78*(9 7"4(9 74.(9 7.$*9 78*69 7.-69 78469 71.$9 71."9 7'459 7'469 7(459 75979 758/9 755)9 75579 7#5-9 7#5*9 7#.'9 7#549 7(549 754"9 7*549 754.9 78*/9 78*"9 78&-9 78&/9 78/"9 78/%9 78/'9

9ecceZ_j_[i

D;J'OH O;IJFLI9>=7=E 6OMFBEFE(BT HBM   

  $SVEF0JM CCM   

  (PME P[      1MBUJOVN P[      4JMWFS P[   

  $PGGFF MC      0SBOHF+VJDF MC   

  4VHBS MC     

9ecX_d[ZIjeYai DWc[ "##-UE "$&-UE "&4$PSQ "'-"$ "($0 ".#1S "4.-)ME "60QUSPO "CU-BC "CFS'JUD "DDFOUVSF "DNF1LU "DUJWT#MJ[ "EPCF4Z "EW"VUP ".% "EW4FNJ "EWBOUFTU "FDPN5DI "FHPO "FUOB "Gm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

BWij 9^]                                                                                                                         











 

 

 





 







  



 















  









 





  

 



     



  

 

 

 

 





 













 

 





 













  

 















  



























DWc[

BWij 9^]

#BO$PMVN  #D#JM7"SH  #DP#SBEFT  #DP4BOUBOE  #DP4#SBTJM  #D4BO$IJMF  #DP$IJMF  #L.POUH  #L/:.FM  #L/PWBH  #BSDMBZ  #BSE  #BSSJDL(  #BYUFS  #BZUFY&H  #FDL$PVMU  #FDU%DL  #FE#BUI  #FNJT  #FSLMFZ  #FSL)B"  #FSL)#  #FTU#VZ  #JPHFO*ED  #ML)JMMT$Q  #MBDL3PDL  #MBDLTUPOF  #MPDL)3  #EXML1QM  #PFJOH  #PSH8BSO  #PTU1SPQ  #PTUPO4DJ  #SBTJM5FMF  #SBT5FM$  #SBTLFN  #SJH&YQ  #S.Z4R  #SJU"5PC  #SPBEDPN  #SLnE"TH  #SLn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



 

 

  









 





 



 

 













 

  





 

















 

























 









   









 





 

 













 















  









  

 



  

 

 



DWc[

BWij 9^]

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





 

 













  











 





 













 

 

  



    



 



  



 









 



  



 

















   

















 





















 





 





  



















DWc[

BWij 9^]

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



 















 



 



  









 











  



 







 







 













 





 

 











 

  

 

 







 

 

 



 

  



























 





 





 





 







DWc[

BWij 9^]

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







  



 







 





 





 









 







 

   

 

  













 













 

 





  



  





  

 







 









   

 

 

 





 









 

 





















DWc[

BWij 9^]

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nJY   /FWTVOH   /X(PMEH   /FX0SJ&E   /:$NUZ#   /FXFMM3VC   /FXnE&YQ   /FXNU.   /FXT$Q"   /FXT$Q#   /FYFOH   /FYU&SB&O   /J4PVSDF   /JEFD   /JFMTFO)O   /JLF#   /JQQPO55   /PCMF$PSQ   /PCMF&O   /PLJB$Q   /PNVSB   /PSEJD"N   /PSETPO   /PSETUSN   /PSnL4P   /PSUFM*OW   /PFTU6U   /PS5STU   /PSUISPQ(   /PWB(MEH   /PWBSUJT   /PWMVT   /PWP/PSE   /45"3   /VBODF$N   /VDPS   /VTUBS&O   /WJEJB   0(&&OHZ   03FJMMZ"V   0BTJT1FUO   0DDJ1FU   0DFBOFFS   0JM4UBUFT  

DWc[

BWij 9^]

0ME3FQVC  0NODSF  0NOJDPN  0O4NDOE  0/&0,  0/&0,1U  0SBDMF  0SJY  0TILPTI$Q  0XFOT$PSO  0XFOT*MM  1(&$Q  1/$  104$0  11(  11-$PSQ  1BDDBS  1BMM$PSQ  1BO"4MW  1BOBTPOJD  1BSLFS)BO  1SUOS$N  1BSUOFS3F  1BUUFSTPO  1BUU65*  1BZDIFY  1FBCEZ&  1FBSTPO  1FOHSUIH  1FOO8TUH  1FOOFZ  1FOUBJS  1FPQ6UE'  1FQDP)PME  1FQTJ$P  1FSL&MN  1FSSJHP  1FU$IJOB  1FUSPIBXL  1FUSCST"  1FUSPCSBT  1FUT.BSU  1m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

 















 

 









 

 















 

 

 

 











 

 



 

































  

 

 

 







 





 



















 









 

















 

 

 











DWc[

BWij 9^]

4$"/"  4&**OW  4,5MDN  4-(SFFO  4-.$Q  4.&OFSHZ  419$Q  45.JDSP  49$)MUIT  4"#&41  4BGFXBZ  4U+VEF  4BMFTGPSDF  4BO%JTL  4BOE3EHF  4BOPm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



 















   



 















 























 











 

 







   



 







   









 





 



 





  







   





 



 



 

 





















  











DWc[

BWij 9^]

5JGGBOZ   5)PSUPOH   58$BCMF   5JNF8BSO   5JNLFO   5JUBO.FU   5PMM#SPT   5SDINSL   5PS%#LH   5PUBM4"   5PUBM4ZT   5PZPUB   5SBDU4VQT   5S$EBH   5SOTBMUBH   5SBOT"UM)   5SBOT%JHN   5SBOTPDO   5SBWFMFST   5SJNCMF/   5VSLDFMM   5ZDP&MFD   5ZDP*OUM   5ZTPO   6#4"(   6%3   6(*$PSQ   6.)1SPQ   634   6MUSB1UH   6MUSBQBS   6OJMFW/7   6OJMFWFS   6OJPO1BD   6UE$POUM   6UE.JDSP   64#BODSQ   644UFFM   6UE5FDI   6UE5IFSBQ   6UEIMUI(Q   6OJW)MUI4   6OVN(SQ   6SCBO0VU  7'$Q   7BMF4"   7BMF4"QG   7BMFBOU1I   7BMFSP&   7BMJEVT   7BMTQBS   7BSJBO.FE   7BSJBO4FNJ   7FOUBT   7FPMJB&OW   7FSJ'POF   7FSJTJHO   7FSJTL   7FSJ[PO$N   7FSUY1I   7JBDPN#   7JNQFM$O   7JSHO.EBI   7JTB   7JTUFPOO   7JWP1BSU   7.XBSF   7PEBGPOF   7PSOBEP   7VMDBO.   811QMD   8"#$0   8BEEFMM3   8BM.BSU   8BMHSO   8BMUFS&O   8BSOFS$IT   8TI1TU   8BTUF$POT   8TUF.*OD  8BUFST   8BUTO1I   8FBUIG*OUM   8FC.%   8FJO3MU   8FMM1PJOU   8FMMT'BSHP   8%JHJUBM   8TUO6OJPO   8FTUQBD   8FZFSI   8ISMQM   8IJUJOH1FU   8IPMF'E   8NT$PT   8NT1UST   8NT4PO   8JMMJT(Q   8JNN#%   8JOETUSN   8JQSPT   8JTD&O   8PPSJ'O   8ZOEIBN   8ZOO   9-(SQ   9DFM&OHZ   9FSPY   9JMJOY   :1'4PD   :BIPP   :BNBOBH   :BO[IPV$   :PVLVO   :VN#SOET   ;JNNFS   ;JPO#DQ  

2/1/2011 5:49:11 AM


THE MIAMI HERALD

MiamiHerald.com

TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 1, 2011

INTERNATIONAL EDITION

5B

ACCENT

ALASTAIR MUIR/NEW YORK TIMES SERVICE

POLITICAL SATIRE: An undated photo of a scene from Nixon in China. The latest version of the well-traveled original production of the opera will alight at the Metropolitan Opera in New York City on Feb. 2.

RESONATING FROM THE GREAT WALL:

‘NIXON IN CHINA’

BY MATTHEW GUREWITSCH New York Times Service

The date was April 15, 1988, and the television critic Marvin Kitman was quoting Walter Cronkite, the anchor, who was quoting Andre Malraux, the French adventurer, statesman and thinker. When former U.S. President Richard M. Nixon electrified the world by visiting the vast, mysterious Communist bastion of Mao Zedong’s China in 1972, Malraux said it would take 50 years to sort out what had happened there. The same was true, Kitman suggested, of the opera Nixon in China, a collaboration of the intellectual gadfly and director Peter Sellars, who came up with the idea; the first-time opera composer John Adams; and the poet and first-time librettist Alice Goodman. The opera was being broadcast that night on PBS’s Great Performances series. (Cronkite, who had accompanied Nixon to China, was the guest host.) Undaunted, Kitman leapt in with his instant assessment. “There are only three things wrong with Nixon in China,” he said. “One, the libretto; two, the music; three, the direction. Outside of that, it’s perfect.” Reenacting one historic media circus, Nixon in China set off another. The premiere took place in 1987 at the Houston Grand Opera, where it was also filmed. In The Chicago Tribune, John von Rhein called Nixon in China “an operatic triumph of grave and thoughtprovoking beauty.” In The Los Angeles Herald Examiner, Mark Swed wrote that

it would “bear relevance for as long as mankind cherished humanity.” The naysayers were equally emphatic. Peter G. Davis of New York magazine declared that “Adams fails to do the job.” The chief music critic of The New York Times, Donal Henahan, opened his review with the question “That was it?” He characterized the production as “a Peter Sellars variety show, worth a few giggles but hardly a strong candidate for the standard repertory” and “fluff.” Well, the latest version of the well-traveled original production (which appeared early on at the Brooklyn Academy of Music) alights at the Metropolitan Opera on Wednesday night, affording the ubiquitous Sellars a tardy house debut. Adams, who had a hit at the Met with Doctor Atomic in 2008, will conduct there for the first time. The production is scheduled for highdefinition broadcast to movie theaters on Feb. 12. Concurrently, beginning on Feb. 9, the Canadian Opera Company in Toronto will present the opera in a stylish abstract staging by James Robinson, originally mounted by the Opera Theater of St. Louis in 2004. A handful of shorter-lived productions have been mounted around the world, though none in China. Adams first conducted Nixon in China at the British premiere in 1988 and has returned to it often, though not for some time. “Don’t misquote me, or you’ll make me sound selfcongratulatory,” he said before heading off to a rehears-

al at the Met this month. “But when I look at it now, I’m amazed that I wrote it. I had never attempted anything on this scale before, never written for the solo voice. I’m astonished that the opera turned out as well as it did. And there’s Alice’s work as well.” Having set the poetry of John Donne and Emily Dickinson in his choral fresco Harmonium, Adams insisted on finding a librettist whose literary voice would be both powerful and distinctive. When Sellars, who knew Goodman from their student days at Harvard, made introductions, she had just one poem to show. Yet the match was made. “Alice had never attempted anything remotely like Nixon,” Adams said. “It was just one of those miraculous things.” Nixon’s audience with Mao, Pat Nixon’s excursions to factories and the Ming tombs: The synopsis of Nixon in China tracks history closely. But the creators imparted an imaginative, even mythic dimension to their characters’ meditations. Like Adams and Sellars, Goodman read up voluminously on her subject, producing a script that is sometimes slangy and often inspirational. Her word to describe her collaboration with Adams and Sellars is “polyphonic.” “We disagreed violently about one thing and another,” she wrote when the opera was new, “and while some of the disagreements were resolved, others were amicably maintained. There are places where the music goes against the grain of the

libretto, and places where the staging goes against the grain of both.” Sellars, in an essay for the current reissue of the original recording on Nonesuch, places Nixon against the backdrop of Philip Glass and Robert Wilson’s Einstein on the Beach, on one hand, and of his own production of Handel’s Giulio Cesare, tagged as “The American President Visits the Middle East,” on the other. The musical affinities between Adams and Glass — the off-kilter, driving rhythms, the large arcs constructed from small cells — require no elaboration. The revolutionary lesson of Einstein, Sellars writes, was that opera “was not only not dead, or about the dead, or for the dead; it was alive as the collaborative form of choice for our interdisciplinary, intercultural, interdependent generation.” As for Giulio Cesare, it spurred the Nixon team’s political and philosophical ambitions. “Handel lunched with three administrations of corrupt British politicians, royalty, rear admirals, court flacks and power players,” Sellars adds. Nixon in China was conceived in just that spirit. What at first glance may look like lampoon often devolves into the intense, dreamlike free associations characteristic of Einstein on the Beach, as when Nixon disembarks, exchanges courtesies with Premier Chou En-lai (the opera uses the transliteration) on the tarmac and explodes into an aria of sputtering euphoria (News has a kind of mystery). Kitman singled out this

passage for special ridicule when the opera was new. But to the baritone James Maddalena, the original Nixon, the writing felt perfectly natural. With more than 100 performances in more than a dozen cities under his belt, Maddalena now recreates the role at the Met, still a few years shy of Nixon’s age (59) at the time of the historic visit. “I just learned the music and sang it,” Maddalena said between rehearsals. “Have you ever flown to Asia? It’s a long trip. To me the music just fit the mood of being tired and wired from 50 cups of coffee on Air Force One.” A more elaborate interpenetration of the historical and the personal comes in Act II. Horrified by the sadistic agitprop ballet The Red Detachment of Women, choreographed in the Sellars production by Mark Morris, Pat Nixon leaps onstage to intervene, shortly to be followed by Jiang Qing, Mao’s wife, who cuts loose with an aria of cold, revolutionary fury. The coloratura soprano Kathleen Kim, who sings Jiang (transliterated Chiang Ch’ing), has done her homework too., “Chiang Ch’ing was an actress before she met Mao,” she said recently. “During the Cultural Revolution, with Mao, she was the most powerful figure in China, responsible for millions of people’s deaths. But she was also a woman who wanted to be loved by her husband and hated being rejected. At her trial she said: ‘I was Chairman Mao’s dog. Whoever Chairman Mao asked me to bite, I bit.’ ” If the visionary conclu-

sion of Jiang’s aria suggests a counterintuitive identification with the character on the part of the librettist, Goodman does not deny it. “A writer tends to find her characters in her self,” Goodman wrote in her e-mail, “so I can tell you [I think I’ve told this to other people, so it’s not news] that Nixon, Pat, Mme. Mao, Kissinger and the chorus were all ‘me.’ And the inner lives of Mao and Chou En-Lai, who I couldn’t find in myself at all, were drawn from a couple of close acquaintances.” Goodman stacks the deck against Kissinger, who comes off as an unprincipled scoundrel. Pat Nixon, however, displays a deep and touching dignity; Zhou Enlai, who has the last word, emerges as a philosopher king. As a seasoned opera composer now, Adams has learned the painful lesson that audiences will take from a work of art what they like. “I’ve read some suggestions that Nixon in China paints the Communists, especially Mao, with a sense of awe and belittles America,” he said. “From my point of view, that’s utterly wrong.” As Nixon in China approaches repertory status, surely it is only a matter of time before some director or other makes precisely that case, or one more deliberately outrageous. “Oh, no,” Adams said. “You mean that someday there will be a Eurotrash production?” On the Marxist principle that history repeats itself as farce, that seems a foregone conclusion. Call it the price of immortality.

Researchers link tools to earlier migration out of Africa BY AMINA KHAN

Los Angeles Times Service

LOS ANGELES — Some unlikely tools unearthed near the Persian Gulf show that our ancestors may have migrated far out of Africa as early as 125,000 years ago — about 60,000 years earlier than was previously believed. The finding, published online Thursday in the journal Science, also provides evidence that early humans took a different route during their migration than scientists had assumed: crossing eastward, directly into southern Arabia from East Africa, rather than following the Nile northward to the northwestern edge of Arabia. It is the “first material evidence” that people ventured well out of Africa so long ago, during the Pleistocene, said study coauthor Anthony

01PGB05.indd 5

Marks, a professor emeritus of anthropology with Southern Methodist University who is based in Santa Fe, N.M. Although evidence had earlier been found for humans in Israel dating to about 100,000 years ago, he added, those people did not appear to travel more than “three days’ walk” out of Africa, Marks said, and probably did not venture farther. The newly discovered tools, by contrast, were found on the eastern coast of Arabia just miles from the northwestern tip of the Indian Ocean — indicating that humans traveled across the Arabian peninsula. Anatomically modern humans — who looked like they do today — evolved in Africa sometime around 200,000 years ago, but didn’t leave that continent

until much later, research suggests. In the new paper, an international team of researchers reported they had found artifacts — hand axes, leafshaped blades and other stone tools — excavated from a rock shelter on the northeast end of Jebel Faya, a 6-mile-long limestone mountain in the United Arab Emirates. They dated the artifacts pulled from the lowest, and thus the oldest, of three layers of dirt to about 125,000 years old. This layer contained tools that were made in very different ways from those found in Israel or in North Africa along the route humans were thought to have originally taken out of Africa. In fact, the stone tools were more primitive and looked much

more like the tools typical of people living in east and northeast Africa around that time. The fact that the tools were found in the United Arab Emirates, about 34 miles from the Persian Gulf, implies that humans traveled directly into Arabia from Africa, said John Fleagle, a paleoanthropologist at Stony Brook University in Stony Brook, N.Y., who was not involved in the study. “The exciting thing is that it’s a silver dollar’s throw from India,” Fleagle added, implying that humans could have made their way into the Indian subcontinent via this route, and then spread to Europe, Asia and Australia. The researchers examined what the ancient climate must have been around 130,000 years ago, and found

that water levels were much lower. This meant that the Bab al Mandab Strait, a strip of water separating the horn of Africa from the heel of the Arabian boot, could have been clear for passage at low tide. Rather than being hot, dry and deadly, prehistoric Arabia was a land of lakes and rivers, filled with gazelles, antelope and other grassland animals, allowing safe passage across the peninsula. “The East African baboon is found in Yemen — It got across,” Marks said. “If a baboon can get across, people can get across.” Marks added that archaeologists would have to uncover more artifacts from different sites to support the findings. “You have to have more than one example. What we need now are peo-

ple to go out and survey sites across southern Arabia,” he said. Fleagle said that relatively little is known about human migration through Arabia, modern-day Iran and other countries in the Middle East. “It would be nice if they found some bones” for definitive proof that human beings related to those in East Africa were responsible for making the tools, he added. “I want a skeleton,” agreed John Shea, a Stony Brook archaeologist, who reviewed the paper for Science. “If they can come up with human fossils, study them in detail and compare them to fossils we’ve excavated in Africa, that would clinch the argument.” Until then, Shea said, “There’s more than one way to explain the findings.”

2/1/2011 3:03:57 AM


6B

TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 1, 2011

MiamiHerald.com

INTERNATIONAL EDITION

THE MIAMI HERALD

DIVERSIONS GARFIELD

BY JIM DAVIS

BY SCOTT ADAMS

Opening lead — ♥ three

should return a low club, knowing that to put partner There should be no difon lead to broach clubs inificulty in reaching three notially from his side would not trump here, against which suffice to set the contract. It West should lead a low heart. would of course be a mistake WEST EAST From J-10 sequences, one for East to attack clubs by ♠J975 ♠ 10 4 2 should lead an honor only if leading the queen. This could ♥ J 10 6 3 ♥ 9 7 5 2 the holding is supported by never gain and would be fatal the nine or eight. ◆A74 ◆Q6 if (as here) South had started South wins the first heart ♣83 ♣AQJ5 with four clubs to the 10. trick and leads the diamond After the return of the low SOUTH jack, losing the finesse to club at trick three, South is ♠AK8 East. East should now assume helpless. He continues dia♥AK4 that if his partner cannot monds, and West holds off ◆ J 10 2 obtain the lead, the game until the third round, waiting ♣ 10 7 6 2 cannot be defeated. However, to see East’s discard. When declarer’s first-round finesse East pitches the spade two Vulnerable: North-South in diamonds strongly sugon the diamond ace, it should Dealer: South gests that he is missing the be clear to West that East ace. If West does have an wants a club back, and so the entry, clubs look like the defense can take two diaThe bidding: most promising avenue of mond and three club tricks. South West North East 1 NT Pass 3 NT All pass attack for the defenders. So at the third trick East 2-1 —BOBBY WOLFF NORTH ♠Q63 ♥Q8 ◆K9853 ♣K94

DILBERT

For more comics & puzzles, go to www.MiamiHerald.com/comics.

ACES ON BRIDGE

CHESS QUIZ ZITS

BY JIM BORGMAN AND JERRY SCOTT

PEANUTS CLASSICS

BY CHARLES SCHULZ

WHITE FORCES MATE Hint: Mate on the h-file. Solution: 1. Rb6ch! Kh5 2. Rf5ch g5 3. g4ch! Kh4 4. Rh6 mate [Halkias-Moiseenko ’10].

DEAR ABBY

BALDO

BY HECTOR CANTU AND CARLOS CASTELLANOS

DOONESBURY

BABY BLUES

BY GARRY TRUDEAU

BY RICK KIRKMAN AND JERRY SCOTT

Dear Abby: As a birth mother, I must respond to the letter from “Her Thankful Son” (Dec. 12). Nearly 26 years ago, I gave up my own son for adoption. It was the most devastatingly painful thing I have ever had to do. But I loved him enough to let him go because I was in no position to raise him myself. To the young man who wrote you, I say: “Thank you” — from me and all the birth mothers who carry holes in our hearts from having to let our children go on to better lives without us. My greatest fear was always that my son would end up hating me and not understand why I let him go. This man’s letter has given me hope. Wendy in Delaware “Her Thankful Son” wrote an open letter to his unknown biological mom, expressing gratitude for the life his adoptive parents have provided. As it did with you, his letter resonated with many of my readers whose lives have been touched by adoption. Read on: Dear Abby: When I read the letter from “Thankful Son,” I felt a sense of relief. I had a son when I was 16 and placed him for adoption because I knew I couldn’t give him the life he deserved. I was determined that his adoption would not be in vain and that I would become a better person because of it. My girls know they have a brother out there, but I have explained it’s not for me to seek him. If he wants to find me I would be thrilled, but I realize I gave up my right to him when I made my decision. I have no regrets. Reading “Thankful’s” letter comforted me. If it is God’s will, I will meet my son one day. Brenda in Florida

care about her. Several years later I got that opportunity, with help from my adoptive mom and a state agency. Meeting my birth mom and three younger brothers and sister was a very emotional moment for me, and I cherish it to this day. Jay in Maryland Dear Abby: You said you hoped “Thankful Son” could meet his birth mother. Why? As an adoptive mom of adult children, I feel just as happy not having the birth parents intervene in our lives. Could I handle it? Of course. If my children had a burning desire to find their birth parents, would it be OK? Absolutely. Am I curious, too? Certainly. But I don’t think you should encourage a search. After all, these people are virtual strangers. They have different values and expectations, which all too often can lead to disappointment. At the very least, it’s a weird experience. I think what adopted children really want to know is why they were given up and if they were loved. The answer to that last question, from this mom, is a resounding YES! The “Real” Mom in Miami Why do I hope “Thankful Son” will one day be reunited with his birth mother? For two reasons: Many times the reunion brings both parent and child a sense of completion. It also provides an opportunity for the child to get a complete family medical history. ANSWER TO MONDAY’S PUZZLE:

Dear Abby: I am also an adopted child. From the time I was told at age 7, I wondered who my birth mother was and went through phases of anger and depression. I was blinded by my own ego and did not consider anything about HER life. When I was in my teens, a friend of mine became pregnant and was scared about what she was going to do. I lost touch with her shortly after and don’t know what happened. I have since realized that my friend’s situation could have also been my birth mother’s. It changed my attitude, and I decided I’d like to meet her one day and tell her I

HOROSCOPE IF TODAY IS YOUR BIRTHDAY: Anything worth having is worth working for. This month, you might receive a genuine opportunity to improve your lot in life, so don’t be afraid to accept whatever is offered. • AQUARIUS (Jan. 20-Feb. 18): Demonstrate that you have skills other than brute force. Tact and diplomacy work wonders. • PISCES (Feb. 19-March 20): You won’t get as much satisfaction as you think if you buy something merely to show off.

JUMBLE

• ARIES (March 21-April 19): Aim to be a lean, but not mean, machine. Focus your spending on things that will benefit the bottom line. • TAURUS (April 20-May 20): One misstep leads to another. You might meet some “yes men” or attract some unusual flirtations. • GEMINI (May 21-June 20): Love might mean taking a risk, but it doesn’t need to mean that you must fail. Stick to business as usual. • CANCER (June 21-July 22): Make an effort to stay within the lines of propriety in social situations. • LEO (July 23-Aug. 22): Intense loyalty will result in your best efforts. You will receive extra support in group situations. • VIRGO (Aug. 23-Sept. 22): Although most people tend to look for a specialist in a specific field, avoid being pinned down to a narrow subject, as it will give you a wider playing field. • LIBRA (Sept. 23-Oct. 22): What some people would consider vacillation could be seen by others as a wise adjustment to circumstances. Play to the right audience. • SCORPIO (Oct. 23-Nov. 21): Someone could try to persuade you to do something that appears wonderful at first glance. • SAGITTARIUS (Nov. 22-Dec. 21): You might waste more than time with a prospective romantic partner. • CAPRICORN (Dec. 22-Jan. 19): Get back on track. When you hit a dead end, you must do a U-turn and cover old ground. It is in your best interests to steer clear of financial temptations.

01PGB06.indd 6

CROSSWORD ACROSS 1 Work hard 5 Utility bill information 10 Wipe the floor with, so to speak 14 Coffeehouse vessels 15 Kind of colony 16 Boxer’s wear 17 Honey drink 18 Make a knot tighter 19 Methane’s lack 20 Fifth note of a diatonic scale 21 Confessing 23 Tapestry 25 Give out shares 26 Alternate road 28 What gnats do 30 Plant louse 31 Throw out, as a tenant 32 Little bit 35 Totter 36 Tummy to the ground 37 Winery buy, perhaps 38 Musket extension? 39 The Beatles inspired it 40 “___ Care of Business” (1974 hit) 41 Ran out of steam 42 Thin out 43 Milan’s La ___ opera house 45 Way from the old ticker 46 Over the hill

49 Item often caked in baby food 52 Solder component 53 Smidgens 54 Gully that’s usually dry 55 The Virgin Islands, e.g. (Abbr.) 56 Brownish gray 57 “___ just take a minute” 58 Thumb-and-forefinger sign 59 Ways out 60 You, to a Quaker DOWN 1 Product of some relief pitches? 2 Stackable cookie 3 Very agitated 4 Tripper’s drug 5 Turmoil 6 Gives the impression of being 7 On the con side 8 Put on a few pounds 9 A touch of class 10 In a wryly humorous way 11 One place to see clowns 12 Wolf pack member of WWII 13 Capital of Switzerland 21 Yucky deposit

22 24 26 27 28 29 31 32

Artery blockage Stir up, as muddy water Truth alternative? Tool for a duel Stay clear of Simone of song White-tailed bird of prey Have a major financial setback

33 34 36 37 39

“In your dreams!” Withhold, as permission Tick or flea, e.g. Vehicle for the course “___ 18” (Leon Uris novel) 40 Diamond protector 41 Showy and cheap 42 Shakes awake

43 44 45 46 47 48 50 51 54

Streamlined, as a design Santa ___, Calif. Rewrite for Hollywood Sax type Elaborate fraud Small toiletry case Wait curbside, e.g. Ill temper Cleverness

1/31/2011 8:42:53 PM


THE MIAMI HERALD

SPORTS

MiamiHerald.com

INTERNATIONAL EDITION

New York Times Service

GREENSBORO, N.C. — After two years of ups and downs, Alissa Czisny lifted herself back to the top of figure skating in the United States last weekend, performing elegantly and nearly perfectly to win her second national championship. From the moment the final note of her music played, Czisny could not stop smiling. And with good reason. The top three skaters — Czisny, Rachael Flatt and Mirai Nagasu — had gone into the long program with only about a point separating them. But Czisny proved she was the night’s best by a landslide, winning with a score of 191.24 points. She beat Flatt (183.38) by nearly 8 points and Nagasu (177.26) by almost 14. “I knew exactly what I had to do,” Czisny said. “Before every jump, I thought about what I was here for and what my goals were. I fought for every single thing.” Czisny, who at 23 is a veteran compared with the others, had just beaten Flatt and Nagasu — two former national champions — to become the first U.S. woman to win multiple national championships since Michelle Kwan ended her reign of eight straight titles in 2005. Nagasu, 17, the 2008 national champion, had hoped to be the one to do that. At last year’s Vancouver Olympics, she was the top finisher among the U.S. women, fin-

ishing fourth. But on Saturday, she was good enough for only third. Nagasu, who has a reputation for crumbling in her long program, came into the final skate in first place. But when she heard her score Saturday, she could not hide her disappointment. In the kissand-cry area, she frowned and slumped over. Not only did Nagasu have problems on several of her jumps, but she received no points for her flying sit spin after stumbling into its entry. “I can’t believe I messed up on a spin! A spin!” she said, adding that she had let her nerves get the best of her. The United States has qualified for only two spots in the women’s competition at the world championships in March, so Nagasu will not be making the trip to Tokyo. Instead, Flatt, last year’s national champion and this year’s runner-up, will join Czisny. Flatt, who skated last, also had errors on some of her jumps in the free skate. “I guess I was a little bit tired,” she said. “I had to skate pretty late, so that was a bit tough.” Czisny, though, looked fresh throughout her program. Skating to selections from George Winston’s Winter Into Spring, she glided atop the ice so smoothly that she looked weightless. Her blue chiffon dress fluttered as she landed jump after jump with grace. Afterward, she stood at center ice and

• RENAULT, FROM 8B

MATTHEW STOCKMAN/GETTY IMAGES

BREATH-TAKING: Alissa Czisny competing in the ladies free skate during the U.S. Figure Skating Championships on Friday in Greensboro, N.C. beamed as the crowd rose to its feet. She had won the national title in 2009, but so many things have happened to her in skating since then. She crumbled at the world championships

that year, finishing 11th and costing the United States a third spot in the Olympics. At nationals last year, she finished 10th, missing a chance to compete in Vancouver. Crushed, Czisny wanted

to quit the sport, but her mentor, the former Olympic champion Brian Boitano, persuaded her not to. Considering her winning performance, she was fortunate to take his advice.

NFC wins a lackluster Pro Bowl 55-41 • PRO BOWL, FROM 8B

laid-back affairs, seemingly played at half speed by players whose biggest concern is to get on the plane home without injury. The AFC, though, took that attitude to an uncomfortable extreme early on before coming back to outscore the NFC 41-13. The NFC led 42-0 after Steven Jackson waltzed through the AFC defense for a 21-yard touchdown

— and there still was 41/2 minutes left in the second quarter. Rivers, starting in place of injured Tom Brady, was picked off twice in the first quarter, the second by Hall. “You underthrow one just a hair and they intercept it,” Rivers said. “You get a deflection for an interception. — They had all the breaks early.” Manning, in his 11th Pro Bowl, came on briefly in relief and his second pass

was picked off. Then Cassel got his chance and quickly joined in the spirit of things, throwing his second pass of the game directly into the hands of Minnesota cornerback Antoine Winfield. But just when it appeared it would be the most onesided game in Pro Bowl history, eclipsing the Joe Theismann-led 45-3 NFC rout of the AFC in 1984, the AFC scored three touchdowns in a row. The last came on the game’s seventh turnover,

New NHL All-Star format good, but game needs work • NHL, FROM 8B

noted that there was a zero on the scoreboard. “Good thing we only see that guy once a year,” Ward said seconds after Anze Kopitar of Los Angeles scored to make it 4-1. Soon it was 4-4. “I thought I was doing pretty good the first 10 minutes,” Ward said afterward. “It was like, whoa, this ain’t so bad — and boom, four goals against.” The Rangers’ Henrik Lundqvist was technically the losing goalie, even though the decisive goal came after he was removed for an extra attacker. His 20 minutes of play included stopping Matt Duchene on the first penalty shot in All-Star Game history, called after Ovechkin laughingly threw his stick at Duchene to disrupt a breakaway. After a strong start, Lundqvist ended up stopping 11 of 14 shots. “The funny part of these games, you feel like things are going pretty good, and two minutes later, you give up two goals in like 30 seconds,” he said, smiling. Patrick Sharp of Team Staal and the Chicago Blackhawks, who had a goal and two assists, won a car as the game’s most valuable play-

01PGB07.indd 7

er. In the voting, he nosed out Team Lidstrom and Nashville defenseman Shea Weber, who had four assists and went plus 6. Sharp was asked if he would trade the MVP award for a victory. “I thought we won the game,” Sharp said with mock surprise. If the All-Star Game — especially one played with the Penguins star Sidney Crosby, who did not attend as he recovers from a concussion — holds little fan appeal outside its host city, it still generates a significant amount of excitement within, as it did here. The Hurricanes are one of the few modest success stories to emerge from the NHL’s Southern strategy of the 1990s. Although no one will mistake Raleigh for Detroit, Pittsburgh or Buffalo in terms of rapt interest in hockey, a fair share of cars here fly Hurricanes flags, and a downtown All-Star Game fan fair generated big crowds all weekend. “I got roundly criticized for bringing the team here, which was amusing, I think,” said the Hurricanes’ owner, Peter Karmanos, who uprooted the Hartford Whal-

7B

Lotus Renault on track

Czisny glides effortlessly to 2nd U.S. title BY JULIET MACUR

TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 1, 2011

ers in 1997 and, after a twoyear sojourn in Greensboro, N.C., moved them here in 1999. At the time, hockey was virtually unknown in Raleigh, and there was only one recreational ice rink. Eleven years later, there are six, and the Hurricanes are known for having one of the league’s loudest crowds, whose particular custom is to stand through the entire game. It helped that the Hurricanes reached the Stanley Cup finals in 2002 and won in 2006. “It’s really nice to have all that proved out and have a great hockey market with a great young team,” he said. “It’s mainly the Canadian media that’s always giving us a bad time.” The atmosphere was lively at RBC Center on Sunday. With all three Hurricanes united on Team Staal, the fans took to chanting, “Let’s go, Staal!” The biggest cheers were for the Hurricanes’ Jeff Skinner, the fourth 18-yearold to play in an NHL AllStar Game, or any major North American professional sports league’s allstar game. “He’s the new Justin Bieber,” Ward said from behind his goalie mask.

when Devin Hester tried to hand the kickoff return to Hall, but the ball fell to the turf. Montell Owens of Jacksonville scooped it up and ran it in 10 yards fo r the score to make it 42-21 with 10 minutes left in the third quarter. With his seven extra points, tying a Pro Bowl record, along with two field goals, David Akers moved ahead of Morten Andersen (45) for most career Pro Bowl points with 52. The Philadelphia kicker would have had

more but his 36-yard field goal try in the fourth quarter bounced off the right upright. “Morten Andersen was a mentor of mine and I competed with Morten for a job in Atlanta and he taught me a lot,” Akers said, “so it means a lot to be able to pass a legend like that.” The game returned to its traditional home in Hawaii after a one-year detour to Miami, much to the approval of the players involved.

Bradley-Khan duel likely BY LANCE PUGMIRE

Los Angeles Times Service

DETROIT — Timothy Bradley was deprived of the dramatic ending he wanted to mark his weekend, but he did enough to announce “I proved I’m a force to be reckoned with,” and now the scheduling of future reckonings begins. By roughing up previously unbeaten Devon Alexander on Saturday in a unanimousdecision triumph shortened by an accidental 10th-round head butt that only hastened the inevitable, Bradley clinched another milliondollar payday with so much more possible. “I’m ready for any of them, let’s go,” Bradley, 27, said after the bout. “I was just too strong in there.” The momentum is to schedule a Bradley-Amir Khan fight in the summer. With Bradley (27-0) now possessing the World Boxing Organization and World

Boxing Council junior-welterweight belts, unification with England’s World Boxing Association champion Khan in the sport’s deepest division is appealing. “It would be huge,” Khan’s promoter Richard Schaefer said Sunday, but he still has to finalize an April 16 HBO foe for Khan in Manchester, England, and has to work on business partner AEG to clear a late-summer Saturday at Staples Center in Los Angeles, where Schaefer ideally wants the bout. “Spectacular,” HBO’s fight-maker Kery Davis said. “A great launching pad for the sport’s next star.” HBO has guaranteed Bradley, who is from Palm Springs, Calif., $1.2 million for his next fight, and that amount could increase if Khan chooses another path and a wild-card foe such as Floyd Mayweather Jr. emerges.

PACKING A PUNCH: Timothy Bradley celebrating his victory over Devon Alexander on Saturday.

CARLOS OSORIO/AP

stable situation,” Kubica said before warning about overconfidence. “When you blow a lot of air into the balloon, the balloon can explode very easily. Gerard has his views and maybe he knows something more. In January you can expect everything — positive or negative.” Kubica said a smooth start at testing was important as cars adapt to the return of the hybrid KERS power boost device and new regulations. “Expectations are being raised very quickly but what is important is to have stability. And in the last 12 months, the team has that,” said the 26-yearold Kubica, who has one career win and three of his career 12 podiums with Renault last season. Lopez said his Luxembourg-based Genii Capital bought the final 25 percent of Renault’s stake in the team to hold full ownership. Renault supplies only the engine and the team is based in Britain. While the team is using vintage colors to help turn the page, Lopez was curt over the naming rights saga that will see F1 start the season-opening Bahrain GP with both Lotus Renault and Team Lotus’ on the grid. “Money is the centerpiece of this, it’s not passion, it’s not taking over Colin Chapman’s legacy. It’s all about money and they stand to loose money if they change their name and they should just say that,” Lopez said. “What I believe is quite damaging is to act like the small team that has been beaten up, David vs. Goliath. I mean, hello, we’re privately owned, we just happen to be bigger. That makes me laugh sometimes.” Team Lotus, run by Air Asia entrepreneur Tony Fernandes, used the name in F1 last season, claiming it had legally acquired the rights from the remnants of the old F1 team. Lopez said governing body FIA has “a future obligation” to clear up the issue.

NBA EASTERN CONFERENCE Atlantic Boston New York Philadelphia New Jersey Toronto

W 36 25 21 14 13

L 11 22 26 34 35

Pct GB .766 — .532 11 .447 15 .292 221/2 .271 231/2

Southeast Miami Orlando Atlanta Charlotte Washington

W 33 31 30 20 13

L 14 17 18 26 33

Pct .702 .646 .625 .435 .283

Central Chicago Milwaukee Indiana Detroit Cleveland

W 33 19 17 17 8

L 14 26 27 31 39

Pct GB .702 — .422 13 .386 141/2 .354 161/2 .170 25

GB — 21/2 31/2 121/2 191/2

WESTERN CONFERENCE Southwest San Antonio Dallas New Orleans Memphis Houston

W 40 31 31 24 22

L 7 15 18 24 27

Pct GB .851 — .674 81/2 .633 10 .500 161/2 .449 19

Northwest Oklahoma City Denver Utah Portland Minnesota

W 30 28 28 25 11

L 17 19 20 22 36

Pct GB .638 — .596 2 .583 21/2 .532 5 .234 19

Pacific L.A. Lakers Phoenix Golden State L.A. Clippers Sacramento

W 33 22 20 18 12

L 15 24 27 28 33

Pct GB .688 — .478 10 .426 121/2 .391 14 .267 191/2

SUNDAY’S GAMES Miami 108, Oklahoma City 103 Boston 109, L.A. Lakers 96 Orlando 103, Cleveland 87 Philadelphia 110, Denver 99 New York 124, Detroit 106 Phoenix 104, New Orleans 102 Golden State 96, Utah 81

2/1/2011 5:28:35 AM


8B

TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 1, 2011

MiamiHerald.com

INTERNATIONAL EDITION

THE MIAMI HERALD

SPORTS FOR LATE GAME SCORES, GO TO MIAMIHERALD.COM/SPORTS

NFC champions never packed it in after injuries BY JEAN-JACQUES TAYLOR

The Dallas Morning News

ate provided Green Bay with countless opportunities to quit on this season. It gave the Packers numerous chances to throw lavish pity parties and feel sorry for themselves. The Packers lost 91 games to starters (44 on offense and 47 on defense) because of injuries this season. No other team lost more than 72. Green Bay finished the season with five starters on injured reserve. Only Tampa Bay had more. We saw what happens when a team gives in to the adversity that usually accompanies the rigors of a 16-game NFL season. The Dallas Cowboys just completed the most disappointing season in franchise history, missed the playoffs and own the ninth pick in the draft. The Packers resisted the urge to let circumstance dictate how their season wound up. Instead, they chose to fight through the adversity. Now, they’re playing in Super Bowl XLV. Since 2000, the 2004 Tennessee Titans (105), 2005 San Francisco 49ers and 2009 Buffalo Bills (103) are the only teams that have lost more games to starters because of injury than the Packers did this season. None won more than six games. The Packers won 10. It has been a struggle. Losing Pro Bowl running back Ryan Grant in the first game was a harbinger. The Packers lost middle linebacker Nick Barnett and offensive tackle Mark Tauscher in the fourth game and tight end Jermichael Finley in the fifth game. Outside linebacker Brad Jones’ season ended in the seventh game. A coach alone, however, can’t change a team’s destiny. The players must do their part — and that’s why this team is different from some others. Look at the Packers, and you’ll see several players who have survived adversity at different points of their career and emerged as key members of this squad. The things they went through to establish themselves gave them a foundation to lean upon during the tough

EUGENE TANNER/AP

F

SLOPPY: NFC’s Adrian Peterson (28), of the Minnesota Vikings, trips over AFC’s Michael Griffin (33), of the Tennessee Titans, during the the Pro Bowl on Sunday.

NFC CRUISES THROUGH AFC GOES DOWN 55-41 IN PRO BOWL BY BOB BAUM

Associated Press

HONOLULU — A tropical rainstorm moved in from the Pacific and cleared just before the Pro Bowl began. What followed was a sloppy show that was not exactly riveting entertainment a week in advance of the Super Bowl. The NFC’s 55-41 victory, a game not nearly as interesting as that score would indicate, did nothing to repair the tattered image of the NFL’s all-star contest. New England’s Bill Belichick, the AFC coach and a man of even fewer words than usual, might have come closest to summing up the game with his mumbled cliche, “It is what it is.” MVP DeAngelo Hall had one of his team’s five interceptions and returned a fumble 34 yards for a touchdown to help the NFC match a Pro Bowl scoring record in a 55-41 victory over turnoverprone AFC. He gets a new Cadillac for his efforts. “I was just about to buy an-

KENT NISHIMURA/GETTY IMAGES

STAR OF THE SHOW: DeAngelo Hall, of the Washington Red Skins, is the MVP of the 2011 NFL Pro Bowl.

open a 42-0 lead in a performance ugly even by the historically low standards of this game. Fittingly for this strange contest, center Alex Mack of Cleveland scored the final touchdown on a 67-yard pass play that featured two laterals with 16 seconds left. Carolina’s Jon Beason returned the fifth interception thrown by the AFC, and second by Matt Cassel, 59 yards for the NFC’s final touchdown to match the single-team scoring record set in the NFC’s 55-52 victory in 2004. “It feels amazing. It was a lot of fun,” Minnesota’s Adrian Peterson said. “We came out and put up a bunch of points and had some fun doing it, so it was a good day.” Belichick, after his Super Bowl favorite Patriots lost to the New York Jets in the divisional playoffs, had to watch his AFC squad muddle through a first half that ended 42-7. Pro Bowls are, by their nature,

other SUV,” the Washington Redskins cornerback said, “so to come out here and grab one for free, I like that.” AFC quarterbacks Philip Rivers, Peyton Manning and Matt Cassel each threw first-half interceptions to help the NFC blow • TURN TO PRO BOWL, 7B

times that a season inevitably brings. We’re talking about Aaron Rodgers, the quarterback, who had to take the junior college route because no one wanted him coming out of high school. The same Rodgers who sat much longer than anyone anticipated on draft day, until the Packers took him with the 24th pick of the first round. We’re talking about James Starks, a running back who began the season on the physically unable to perform list, but has 70 carries for 263 yards in the postseason after gaining just 101 yards on 29 carries in the regular season. Starks missed his entire senior season at Buffalo with a torn labrum, dropping him at least a couple of rounds in the draft — maybe more — after a terrific junior season that had him as a player to watch entering his final year. A hamstring injury prevented Starks, a sixth-round pick, from being on the Packers’ active gameday roster until November. We’re talking about players such as cornerback Tramon Williams and safety Sam Shields. Williams, a walk-on at Louisiana Tech, didn’t start until his senior season and was an undrafted free agent in 2006. He signed with Houston and was added to the practice squad after not making the final cut. That November, the Packers signed him. These days, he’s considered among the game’s best after intercepting six passes and deflecting 23 others. Don’t forget his two interceptions against Atlanta in the divisional playoff round, including one he returned 70 yards for a touchdown on the final play of the first half. Shields, an undrafted rookie free agent, who spent his first three seasons playing receiver at the University of Miami, intercepted two passes in the NFC Championship Game. See, Mike McCarthy wouldn’t let his team feel sorry for itself, and the character of the roster refused to let the Packers wilt when the journey to the postseason became arduous. That’s what championship teams do.

DESERVING: Tramon Williams, center, is considered among the game’s best after intercepting six passes and deflecting 23 others.

JASON GETZ/ NEW YORK TIMES SERVICE

New NHL All-Star format New look Lotus Renault hungry for wins good, but game needs work BY PAUL LOGOTHETIS Associated Press

BY JEFF Z. KLEIN

New York Times Service

If Friday’s fantasy draft, thought up by the former All-Stars Brendan Shanahan and Rob Blake, was a breakthrough innovation that generated new excitement around the All-Star event, the league may need them to work on the game itself. Alex Ovechkin of Team Staal scored just 50 seconds in, when Team Lidstrom defenseman Duncan Keith deflected the puck into his own net between the legs of goalie Marc-Andre Fleury. By the 5:41 mark, it was 4-0. By 16:30, Team Lidstrom had tied the score at 4-4. It ended more than a dozen goals later. Loui Eriksson’s emptynet goal with 1:11 to go made it 11-9. Staal scored his second goal of the game with 34 seconds left — one of five players to score twice — to reduce the deficit to 11-10, but that is how it ended. For television viewers, the monotony of continual scoring was relieved by the running commentary of Cam Ward, the Team Staal and Hurricanes goalie, who was not only miked in the first period but was also able to converse with the Versus play-by-play announcer, Mike Emrick. “You didn’t just say that!” Ward said when it was 4-0 and Emrick

RALEIGH, N.C. — Nicklas Lidstrom of the Detroit Red Wings and his opposing captain, Eric Staal of the host Carolina Hurricanes, chose up sides in the first NHL All-Star Game draft, and judging by the final score, they picked evenly. But Lidstrom, 40, widely regarded as the best defenseman of his generation, apparently drafted a little more wisely, as Team Lidstrom edged Team Staal, 11-10. Lidstrom was asked afterward if he had put a lot of thought into strategy for his selections. “No, I didn’t spend a whole lot of time on it, to be honest with you,” Lidstrom said to the laughter of reporters. “I talked to the two assistant captains. We said, ‘I like this guy’ or ‘I like that guy,’ and that was pretty much it.” That pretty much summed up the whole easygoing All-Star weekend, including the typical no-check, no-defense, all-smiles All-Star Game itself — tied for the fourth-highest-scoring of the NHL’s 58 All-Star Games. Lidstrom helped his own cause by going plus-7 in the game. “Someone just told me that,” he said. “There were so many goals, • TURN TO NHL, 7B I wasn’t paying attention.”

01PGB08.indd 8

VALENCIA, Spain — Lotus Renault is using a vintage look to signal it’s ready to make the jump from podiums to victories in 2011 and that the Formula One team has recovered from its previous turmoil. The team unveiled the iconic black and gold livery that will adorn its car for the upcoming season at Valencia’s Cheste Circuit on Monday. The same colors were sported by Lotus cars during the 1980s, when Ayrton Senna and Nigel Mansell drove for the British team. A rights battle over the use of the Lotus name will go to a British

court in March, with the rival Team Lotus claiming the same right to carry on the brand founded by the late car designer Colin Chapman in the 1950s. Lotus Renault team chairman Gerard Lopez said that won’t make any difference as the Lotus name would not disappear from its logo, win or lose in court, as the team sent out a clear message: “Black to the future.” “We took risks. This car this year is quite revolutionary in a couple of areas,” said Lopez of the R31 that has been in the works since February 2010. “Hopefully the risks we took will pay off this year in terms of wins over just podiums.” Lopez acquired Renault before

ALBERTO SAIZ/AP

SWANK: Renault driver Robert Kubica, front left, and Vitaly Petrov, front right, pose with the new Lotus GP R31 F1 car Monday.

the start of last season when the French team was struggling to recover from 2008’s “Crashgate” scandal. Piquet Jr. was ordered to crash at the Singapore Grand Prix to help teammate Fernando Alonso secure victory. As in 2010, Robert Kubica of Poland and Vitaly Petrov of Russia lead the team again, with former HRT driver Bruno Senna named as a third driver. Romain Grosjean, who drove for Renault in 2009, was also named third driver alongside Senna. The team has a number of reserve drivers — including Fairuz Fauzy — as part of its academy. But the intent is to get Grosjean behind the wheel at some point in the future. “F1 doesn’t have any French drivers who perform so we want to produce many. France needs a wake up,” team principal Eric Boullier said. “With Romain, there is a clear strategy.” Grosjean — who replaced disgraced driver Nelson Piquet Jr. during the 2009 season — will spend this year racing in GP2. While the team believes Petrov improved towards the end of last season, Kubica holds the bulk of its championship aspirations. “It’s still to hard to say what we are able to achieve this year. I think definitely we are more prepared this year because of the more

• TURN TO RENAULT, 7B

2/1/2011 5:37:14 AM


THE MIAMI HERALD 01 FEBRERO 2011