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INTERNATIONAL EDITION

MONDAY, JULY 25, 2011 108TH YEAR I ©2011 THE MIAMI HERALD

Norwegian’s manifesto reveals plan of attack and fear of Islam government official briefed on the case said investigators believed the manifesto was Breivik’s work. The manifesto, “2083: A European Declaration of Independence,” equates liberalism and multiculturalism with “cultural Marxism,” which the document says is destroying European Christian civilization. The document also describes a secret meeting in London in April 2002 to reconstitute the Knights Templar, a Crusader military order. It says the meeting was attended by nine representatives of eight European countries, evidently including Breivik, with an additional three members unable to attend, including a “European-American.” The document does not name the attendees or say whether they were aware of Breivik’s planned attacks, though investigators presumably will now try to determine if the people exist and what their connection is to Breivik. Thomas Hegghammer, a terrorism specialist at the Norwegian Defense Research Establishment, said the manifesto bears an eerie resemblance to those of Osama bin Laden and other al Qaeda leaders, though from a Christian rather than a Muslim point of view. Like Breivik’s manuscript, the major al Qaeda declarations have detailed accounts of the Crusades, a pronounced sense of historical grievance and calls for apocalyptic warfare to defeat the religious and cultural enemy. “It seems to be an attempt to mirror al Qaeda, exactly in reverse,” Hegghammer said. Breivik was also believed to have posted a video Friday summarizing his stand. In its closing moments, the video shows Breivik in military uniform, holding assault weapons.

BY STEVEN ERLANGER AND SCOTT SHANE New York Times Service

FERNANDO VERGARA/AP

Cars seized by Colombia’s National Drug Office from drug lords parked in a lot in Bogota.

Seized narco assets stolen in Colombia BY VIVIAN SEQUERA Associated Press

BOGOTA — After police gunneddownthenotoriousColombian drug trafficker Gonzalo Rodriguez Gacha in 1989, his sprawling ranch was among the first of thousands of properties seized from drug lords to come under control of a unique state agency. Two decades later, the 1,340-acre ranch has literally disappeared, shrinking bite by bite as neighbors kept extending their properties into it in the absence of state control. The story of the ranch mirrors that of the National Drug Office, or DNE, which was supposed to manage it and other seized assets of the illegal narcotics trade. But 20 years after the DNE was established, billions of dollars in drug assets that the government

Agents from Pakistan bully exiles in U.S. BY MARK MAZZETTI, ERIC SCHMITT AND CHARLIE SAVAGE New York Times Service

WASHINGTON — FBI agents hunting for Pakistani spies in the United States last year began tracking Mohammed Tasleem, an attache in the Pakistani Consulate in New York and a clandestine operative of Pakistan’s military spy agency. Tasleem, they discovered, had been posing as an FBI agent to extract information from Pakistanis in the United States and was issuing threats to keep them from speaking openly about Pakistan’s government. His activities were part of what government officials in Washington, along with a range of Pakistani journalists and scholars, say is a systematic campaign by Pakistan’s Directorate for Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) to keep tabs on the Pakistani diaspora inside the United States. The FBI brought Tasleem’s activities to Leon Panetta, then the director of the CIA, and last April, Panetta had a tense conversation with Pakistan’s spymaster, Lt. Gen. Ahmed Shuja Pasha. Within days, Tasleem was spirited out of the United States — a resolution typical of the spy games among the world’s powers. But some secrets of that hidden world became public last week when two Pakistani-Americans working for a charity that the FBI believes is a front for Pakistan’s spy service were indicted. Only one was arrested; the other is still in Pakistan. • TURN TO PAKISTAN, 2A

planned to use to benefit crime victims and law enforcement have simply disappeared, officials say. The agency itself has been so hampered by misappropriation, mismanagement and maddening legal challenges that Colombia’s President Juan Manuel Santos has decided to scrap it. Interior Minister German Vargas said a decree dissolving the agency would come soon. That will leave the Finance Ministry to sort through a list of 95,000 assets to determine what remains, and how much has been plundered and by whom, says the DNE’s final director, Juan Carlos Restrepo, whom Santos appointed in October shortly after taking office. “Supposedly we should have a large amount of jewels, all the Rolex [watches] encrusted with diamonds,” Restrepo said, sigh-

ing. “But I’ll tell you, if ranches have been robbed, why wouldn’t a Rolex be pilfered?” The list of assets includes a $140,000 Ferrari, multimilliondollar homes, a hotel, small planes, jet skis and paintings by famed Colombian artists. What is certain, Restrepo and others at DNE say, is that billions of dollars worth of assets have disappeared. Prosecutors will try to determine who took what, and then the Finance Ministry will sell off the remaining assets at auction. The proceeds are supposed to be used to pay reparations to victims of Colombia’s long-running internal conflicts, including those forced from their homes and relatives of the more than 50,000 slain. • TURN TO COLOMBIA, 4A

OSLO, Norway — The Norwegian man charged with a pair of attacks in Oslo that killed at least 92 people left behind a detailed manifesto outlining his preparations and calling for a Christian war to defend Europe against the threat of Muslim domination, according to Norwegian and U.S. officials familiar with the investigation. As stunned Norwegians continued to understand Sunday what is the deadliest attack in the country since World War II, a portrait emerged of the suspect, Anders Behring Breivik, 32. The police identified him as a right-wing fundamentalist Christian, while acquaintances described him as a gun-loving Norwegian obsessed with what he saw as the threats of multiculturalism and Muslim immigration. “We are not sure whether he was alone or had help,” a police official, Roger Andresen, said at a televised news conference. “What we know is that he is right wing and a Christian fundamentalist.” In the 1,500-page manifesto, posted on the Web hours before the attacks, Breivik recorded a dayby-day diary of months of planning for the attacks and claimed to be part of a small group that intended to “seize political and military control of Western European countries and implement a cultural conservative political agenda.” He predicted a conflagration that would kill or injure more than 1 million people, adding, “The time for dialogue is over. We gave peace a chance. The time for armed resistance has come.” The manifesto was signed Andrew Berwick, an Anglicized version of his name. A former U.S. • TURN TO NORWAY, 2A

After more than a century, Walter Reed to close at Walter Reed and throughout the Two years earlier, a governmilitary. By then, however, plans ment commission, noting that WASHINGTON — Walter were moving forward to close Walter Reed was showing its age, Reed Army Medical Center, the Walter Reed’s campus. voted to close the facility and conArmy’s flagship hospital where privates to presidents have gone for care, is closing its doors after more than a century. Hundreds of thousands of U.S. wounded from World War I to today have received treatment at Walter Reed, including 18,000 troops who served in Iraq and Afghanistan. President Dwight Eisenhower died there. So did Gens. John J. Pershing and Douglas MacArthur. It’s where countless celebrities, from Bob Hope to quarterback Tom Brady, have stopped to show their respect to the wounded. Through the use of medical diplomacy, the center also has tended to foreign leaders. The storied hospital, which opened in 1909, was scarred by a 2007 scandal about substandard living conditions on its grounds for LUIS M. ALVAREZ/AP wounded troops in outpatient care and the red tape they faced. It led Rehabilitation and care for amputees has been an important to improved care for the wounded, part of the mission of the Walter Reed Army Medical Center. BY KIMBERLY HEFLING Associated Press

solidate its operations with the National Naval Medical Center in Bethesda, Md., and a hospital at Fort Belvoir, Va., to save money. Former and current patients and staff members will say goodbye at a ceremony Wednesday on the parade grounds in front of the main hospital complex. Most of the moving will occur in August. On Sept. 15, the Army hands over the campus to the new tenants: the State Department and the District of Columbia. The buildings on campus deemed national historic landmarks will be preserved; others probably will be torn down. The city is expected to develop its section for retail and other uses. “For many of the staff members, even though they know that this is the future of the military health system, in a way, it’s still like losing your favorite uncle, and so there is a certain amount of mourning that is going on and it is an emotional time,” said Col. Norvell Coots, commander of the Walter Reed Health Care System. • TURN TO WALTER REED, 2A

Critics seek to stem deportations after U.S. boots thousands BY ADAM SEGE McClatchy News Service

WASHINGTON — Since the Bush administration rolled out a program in 2008 that shares fingerprints between local police and federal immigration agents, about 30,000 illegal immigrants convicted of serious crimes have been deported. But even more immigrants — roughly 33,000 — have been

thrown out of the United States without ever being convicted of non-immigration crimes. Opponents of the program, Secure Communities, say it casts too wide a net and threatens community policing. The governors of Massachusetts, New York and Illinois have joined them in recent months. While immigration officials defend Secure Communities and

their plans to expand it to the entire country, they acknowledged the growing criticism again this week by giving a task force more time to look into the program. For years now, illegal immigration has been a hot button issue. It’s prompted new laws, tough enforcement, political action and localized violence. Some charge that illegal immigrants are stealing U.S. jobs. Other see their labor as help-

ing the nation keep its competitive edge at a low cost and filling jobs that many citizens refuse to do. In June, the director of Immigration and Customs Enforcement, John Morton, announced the creation of an advisory committee to look into the program’s practices relating to minor traffic offenses and report in 45 days, he said. • TURN TO IMMIGRATION, 2A

INDEX JAMES MURDOCH UNDER THREAT AS SCANDAL SPREADS, 3A

25PGA01.indd 1

ABUSE BY CREDIT ISSUERS IN CHILE AND BRAZIL ENRAGE CONSUMERS, 4A

INVESTORS STRUGGLE WITH DETAILS OF GREECE BAILOUT, BUSINESS FRONT

URUGUAY WINS COPA AMERICA, SPORTS FRONT

U.S. NEWS ....................5A WORLD NEWS ............6A OPINION ........................7A COMICS & PUZZLES .....6B

7/25/2011 4:42:28 AM


Miami Herald 25 de julio de 2011  

Miami Herald 25 de julio de 2011

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