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Rebels kill 4 long-held captives in Colombia BY FRANK BAJAK Associated Press

BOGOTA — Colombia’s main rebel group executed four of its longest-held captives during combat between guerrillas and soldiers searching for the men, the government said. A fifth captive fled into the jungle and survived. President Juan Manuel Santos called Saturday’s killing of a soldier and three police officers “a crime against humanity” and dismissed any suggestions that Colombia’s armed forces might be responsible. “They were held hostage for between 12 and 13 years and wound up cruelly murdered,” Santos said. A senior Defense Ministry official told The Associated Press that government troops were not attempting to rescue the captives but rather trying to locate them based on intelligence indicating the rebels were holding them in the area. The official agreed to discuss the operation only if granted anonymity. Defense Minister Juan Carlos Pinzon initially announced the deaths, then said hours later that a fifth rebel prisoner, police Sgt. Luis Alberto Erazo, had survived. Erazo, 48, had been held by the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, or FARC for nearly 12 years. Pinzon said troops had been in the area for 45 days chasing rebels and had intelligence the guerrillas might be holding police and soldiers as captives. No official explained how far the captives were being held from the area of combat. Pinzon did not take questions from reporters. All four men were killed execution-style, three with shots to the head and one with two shots to the back, Santos told a community meeting in central Colombia. Pinzon said the bodies were found together, with chains near them. He said Erazo fled into the jungle chased by three rebels who threw grenades, wounding him slightly in the face. Erazo emerged from hiding after dusk when he heard chain saws cutting a clearing so helicopters could land, Pinzon added. It is standing policy of the FARC to kill its prisoners to prevent their rescue. And the rebels frequently chain their captives. The sister of one of the victims, 34-year-old police Maj. Elkin Hernandez, was angry with the government. “The FARC are murderers for the manner in which they killed • TURN TO COLOMBIA, 4A


Arab League sanctions Syria over crackdown BY ELIZABETH A. KENNEDY AND MAAMOUN YOUSSEF Associated Press

BEIRUT — In an unprecedented move against an Arab nation, the Arab League on Sunday approved economic sanctions on Syria to pressure Damascus to end its deadly suppression of an 8-month-old uprising against President Bashar al Assad. But even as world leaders abandon Assad, the regime has refused to ease a military assault on dissent that already has killed more than 3,500 people. On Sunday, Damascus slammed the sanctions as a betrayal of Arab solidarity and insisted a foreign conspiracy was behind the revolt, all but assuring

more bloodshed will follow. The sanctions are among the clearest signs yet of the isolation Syria is suffering because of the crackdown. Damascus has long boasted of being a powerhouse of Arab nationalism, but Assad has been abandoned by some of his closest allies and now his Arab neighbors. The growing movement against his regime could transform some of the most enduring alliances in the Middle East and beyond. At a news conference in Cairo, Qatar’s Foreign Minister Hamad bin Jassim said 19 of the League’s 22 member nations approved a series of tough punishments that include cutting off transactions with the Syrian central bank, halt-

ing Arab government funding for projects in Syria and freezing government assets. Those sanctions are to take effect immediately. Other steps, including halting flights and imposing travel bans on some, as-yet unnamed Syrian officials, will come later after a committee reviews them. “The Syrian people are being killed but we don’t want this. Every Syrian official should not accept killing even one person,” bin Jassim said. “Power is worth nothing while you stand as an enemy to your people.” He added that the League aims “to avoid any suffering for the Syrian people.” Iraq and Lebanon — impor-


tant trading partners for Syria — abstained from the vote, which came after Damascus missed an Arab League deadline to agree to allow hundreds of observers into the country as part of a peace deal Syria agreed to early this month to end the crisis. Arab League Secretary General Nabil Elaraby said the bloc will reconsider the sanctions if Syria carries out the Arab-brokered plan, which includes pulling tanks from the streets and ending violence against civilians. The regime, however, has shown no signs of easing its crackdown, and activist groups said • TURN TO SYRIA, 2A

Website spills private data on Cuban officials BY JUAN O. TAMAYO


Egyptians protest against the country’s ruling military council during a demonstration in Tahrir Square in Cairo on Sunday. Despite the turmoil and confusion in the country, Egyptians are preparing to vote Monday in the first elections since Hosni Mubarak’s ouster. n Story, 3A

Fire from Pakistan border prompted NATO attack, Afghan officials say BY SEBASTIAN ABBOT AND RAHIM FAIEZ Associated Press

ISLAMABAD, Pakistan — Afghan troops and coalition forces came under fire from the direction of two Pakistan army border posts, prompting them to call in NATO airstrikes that killed 24 Pakistani soldiers, Afghan officials said Sunday. The account challenges Islamabad’s claims that the attacks, which have plunged U.S.-Pakistan ties to new lows, was unprovoked. It also pointed to a possible explanation for the incident Saturday on the Pakistan side of the border. NATO officials have complained that insurgents fire from across the poorly defined frontier, often from positions close to Pakistani soldiers, who have been accused of tolerating or supporting them.



Pakistani tribesmen injured in an airstrike arrive at a local hospital on the outskirts of Peshawar, Pakistan. Pakistan’s political leaders and military establishment, still facing domestic criticism following the U.S. raid that killed Osama bin Laden in May, have reacted

with unprecedented anger to the soldiers’ deaths. They closed the country’s Western border to • TURN TO PAKISTAN, 2A

Want to know the home address of Cuban ruler Raul Castro’s daughter? How about the home phone number for his No. 2, Jose Ramon Machado Ventura? Or the cellphone number for Minister of Communications Ramiro Valdes? A Miami-based website is publishing those and myriad other details on the private lives of top Cuban officials, saying it wants to warn “the darlings of the dictatorship” that they will face a dark future if the government collapses. Also obtained from inside Cuba are digital lists of the cellphone numbers for tens of thousands of security and intelligence officers, and the street addresses of virtually every single military base on the island, contributors to the site say. The leak of such personal details, out of a communist-ruled country where secrecy has long been paramount, reflects the Castro government’s growing inability to control the flow of information in the age of the Internet. “Technology is going to destroy them,” said one post on the website CubaalDescubierto — Cuba Uncovered — where the details are being posted by FUEGO, or “fire,” a group that claims to be made up of Cubans in Cuba and on the outside. The site already has published what it says are the home addresses, phone numbers and other personal information of more than 20 top Cubans since it started • TURN TO CUBA, 2A

How Gingrich built Newt Inc. BY KAREN TUMULTY AND DAN EGGEN Washington Post Service

WASHINGTON — Anyone who doesn’t believe in an afterlife must not live in Washington. Rarely, however, has reincarnation been so lucrative as it has for the man who now tops some polls for the 2012 Republican presidential nomination. Former House Speaker Newt Gingrich transfigured himself from a political flameout into a thriving business conglomerate. The power of the Gingrich brand fueled a forprofit collection of enterprises that generated close to $100 million in revenue over the past decade, said his longtime attorney Randy Evans. Among Gingrich’s money-making ventures: a healthcare think tank financed by six-figure dues from corporations; a consulting business; a communications firm that handled his speeches of up to $60,000 a pop; media appearances and books; a historical documentary production company; a sepa-

rate operation to administer the royalties for the historical fiction that Gingrich writes with two coauthors, and even an in-house literary agency that has counted among its clients a presidential campaign rival, former Sen. Rick Santorum. Separate from all of that was his nonprofit political operation, American Solutions for Winning the Future. Before it disintegrated this summer in Gingrich’s absence, American Solutions generated another $52 million and provided some of the money that allowed the former speaker to travel by private jet and hired limousine. Along the way, Gingrich has become a wealthy man, earning $2.5 million in personal income last year, according to his financial disclosure form. As unforgiving as Washington can be, it has long had a soft spot for its has-beens, even those who gave up power in defeat or disgrace. • TURN TO GINGRICH, 5A


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NEWS EXTRA...............3A THE AMERICAS............4A OPINION........................7A COMICS & PUZZLES ...6B

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