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INTERNATIONAL EDITION

SATURDAY, OCTOBER 22, 2011

108TH YEAR I ©2011 THE MIAMI HERALD

All U.S. troops to leave Iraq by end of the year Maliki, and he offered assurances that the two leaders agreed on the decision. The U.S. military presence in Iraq stands at just under 40,000. All U.S. troops are to exit the country in accordance with a deal struck between the countries in 2008 when George W. Bush was president. Obama, an opponent of the war from the start, took office and accelerated the end of the conflict. In August 2010, he declared the U.S. combat mission over. “Over the next two months our troops in Iraq, tens of thousands of them, will pack up their gear and board convoys for the journey home,” Obama said. “The last American soldier will cross the border out of Iraq with their heads held high, proud of their success and knowing that the American people stand united in our support for our troops.” More than 4,400 U.S. military members have been killed since the United States and its allies invaded Iraq in March 2003.

BY BEN FELLER

Associated Press

FRANK ORDONEZ/MCT

Elementary students in Mexico City line up outside a convenience store to purchase soft drinks and potato chips. Below, Anghella Torres, 4, and her mother head for a playground.

WEIGHTY ISSUE MEXICO TACKLES CHILDHOOD OBESITY EPIDEMIC BY ADRIANA GOMEZ LICON Associated Press

MEXICO CITY — Anghella Torres is just 4 years old, but already she weighs 66 pounds — twice what she should. Because of her excess girth, her little feet constantly hurt from bearing the extra weight. Anghella knows she is obese and she doesn’t like it. And now, even though she doesn’t know how to read or count calories, she is on a diet. With the help of her grandmother and caretaker, Elizabeth Sucilla, Anghella is following a modest diet and exercise program established for her by a nurse at a local public hospital earlier this year. “I have to stop eating candies,” she said. Her new regimen also requires her to cut down on the deep-fried potato wedges she ate every other day in the streets and spoonfuls of heavy cream she downed like yogurt. Mexico, which claims to have the fattest children in the world, is trying to encourage others to follow Anghella’s lead. Public schools have banned junk food

and are requiring more hours nutrition professor Barry Popof physical education while kin, who has studied childhood the federal government has obesity in many countries, launched a media campaign agrees that it “is the highest I that invites families to enroll know of in the world.” While a large number of their kids in a public weightchildren in Mexico’s poor, rural loss program. Yet three-quarters of Mexico villages are still underweight, the country as a whole has seen City’s 2,400 public schools the second-fastest growth rate don’t have playgrounds for childhood obesity of nine or gyms for exercise. countries examined by PopAnd 80 percent of the kin in a 2007 study, including schools don’t have wathe United States. The fastter fountains. Exest growth rate of the nine perts stress the is in Australia, according importance of to the study, which drinking more compares health water and statistics in the fewer sugcountries over ary drinks the past two to prevent decades. and reverse The probweight gain. lem in Mexico President Felipe is especially Calderon said earlier pronounced this year that Mexico in the capihad the highest rate tal, Mexico of obesity for chilCity, and dren ages 5 to 19 in the near the U.S.world. And although Mexico border, he did not cite any source, University of North Carolina ALEXANDRE MENEGHINI/AP • TURN TO MEXICO, 2A

Tax plans could fall flat for Perry and Cain BY JIA LYNN YANG

Washington Post Service

on lower-income households and cut them for the rich, a potentially dicey proposition for voters worried about the country’s decadeslong trend of growing income inequality. Cain’s “9-9-9” plan, which proposes a 9 percent personal income tax, a 9 percent business tax and a 9 percent national sales tax, has already come under fire. An analysis by the nonpartisan Tax Policy Center found it would raise taxes on 84 percent of U.S. households. Perry won’t say more about his flat tax proposal until next week. Mitt Romney has so far stayed away from the flat tax, saying that you have to make sure it “doesn’t raise taxes on middle-income Americans.” The flat tax idea goes back to the early 1980s when two economists at the Hoover Institution, Robert Hall and Alvin Rabushka, wrote a book titled The Flat Tax. Hall and Rabushka proposed charging a 19 percent tax on all businesses and individuals, excluding families of four making less than $25,500.

With Herman Cain and now Texas Gov. Rick Perry touting a single rate for U.S. taxpayers, the flat tax is enjoying a moment in the political spotlight not seen since the 1990s. But history shows that those who propose the flat tax while running for president — a group that includes publisher Steve Forbes, Sen. Phil Gramm, R-Texas, and Gov. Jerry Brown, D-Calif. — tend to flame out. The flat tax is appealing at first to voters for its simplicity, but the very thing that makes it popular also makes it politically treacherous. The allure of the flat tax is that it promises to wipe clean the complicated tax code. But it does this by throwing out some popular tax deductions, including breaks for mortgage interest payments, charitable giving and employer-paid healthcare. The details of each flat tax proposal differ: the overall rate, whether some low-income families will be exempt and which deductions might be spared on the chopping block. But experts • TURN TO FLAT TAX, 2A say they invariably increase taxes n Cain tweaks 9-9-9 tax plan, 5A

SOME VINDICATION FOR OBAMA’S APPROACH TO WAR, 3A

WASHINGTON — U.S. President Barack Obama on Friday declared an end to the Iraq War, one of the longest and most divisive conflicts in U.S. history, announcing that all U.S. troops would be withdrawn from the country by year’s end. Obama’s statement put an end to months of wrangling over whether the United States would maintain a force in Iraq beyond 2011. He never mentioned the tense and ultimately fruitless negotiations with Iraq over whether to keep several thousand U.S. forces in Iraq as a training force and a hedge against meddling from Iran or other outside forces. Instead, Obama spoke of a promise kept, a new day for a selfreliant Iraq and a focus on building up the economy at home. “I can report that, as promised, the rest of our troops in Iraq will come home by the end of the year,” Obama said. “After nearly nine years, America’s war in Iraq will be over.” Obama spoke after a private video conference with Iraq’s Prime Minister Nouri al • TURN TO WITHDRAWAL, 2A

Officials say U.S. drone fired in Gadhafi strike WASHINGTON — (AP) — With the end of the Libya mission in sight, U.S. military officials were looking ahead Friday to where they might shift aircraft and drones that had been involved in the operations. Also, as international leaders were trying to sort out details of ousted Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi’s death, they were bracing for a difficult transition as disparate rebel groups try to form a unified government. U.S. officials confirmed Friday that a U.S. Predator drone took part in the airstrike that hit the convoy carrying Gadhafi, but it remains unclear how he got his fatal wounds. The officials said the Predator fired on the convoy as it was fleeing Sirte, and French aircraft launched guided missiles. According to most accounts two vehicles in the convoy were hit.

Gadhafi was wounded when captured, and later died. He had gunshot wounds to his head, chest and stomach. The officials spoke on condition of anonymity because of the sensitivity of the operations. NATO’s top commander said Friday he will recommend ending the alliance’s 7-month mission in Libya. Currently about 70 U.S. aircraft are in Libya as well as a number of ships, three unmanned Global Hawk surveillance drones and several Predators assigned to the Libya mission. So far, none of the aircraft or ships have been moved or taken out of the mission, but many are likely to move on fairly quickly. There is fervent demand particularly for the drones, both at the battlefronts of Iraq and Afghanistan, • TURN TO DRONE STRIKE, 2A

What made the Earth so wet?

An artist’s rendering of a water vapor zone. NASA

BY MARC KAUFMAN

Washington Post Service

Water is everywhere on Earth, but nobody has ever been able to determine conclusively how it got here. Scientists know that the very early Earth was far too hot to hold water or water vapor, but then in relatively short geological time the oceans appeared. In a discovery that researchers say sheds important new light on that age-old question, a Eu-

SPAIN HAILS END TO BASQUE SEPARATIST VIOLENCE, 6A

EUROPE FINANCE CHIEFS APPROVE GREECE AID, BUSINESS FRONT

ropean team reported Thursday that it has found a very cold water vapor reservoir that could explain where the water came from. The region they discovered is at the outer reaches of a dusty disk surrounding a star 175 light-years away. The star and disk are in the early stages of forming planets, much as Earth was formed some 4.5 billions years ago. The scientists’ conclusion from the new finding: Life-giving H2O was almost certainly • TURN TO WATER, 2A

LOST OPPORTUNITY FOR CARDINALS IN GAME 2, SPORTS FRONT

INDEX THE AMERICAS ...........4A U.S. NEWS.....................5A OPINION........................7A COMICS & PUZZLES ...6B


OCTOBER 22

www.hoy.com.ec

BOARDWALKS

MIAMIHERALD@HOY.COM.EC

1.MALECON EL SALADO -Simon Bolivar Cultural Center:

10.FIREMAN MUSEUM. -Baquerizo Moreno Plaza and Exposition Center:

11.NAVAL MUSEUM. -Anthropological & Contemporary Art Museum: -Writers

Path: -Guayaquil History Museum:

-Music Plaza:

12.HISTORIC PARK. -Health Plaza, Green Gardens, Seafood Pier:

3.LAS PEÑAS. -Sail Bridge:

13.FORESTAL PARK. -Student´s

Boardwalk:

4.SANTA ANA PORT.

2.MALECON SIMON BOLIVAR (MALECON 2000).

14.SEMINARIO PARK / IGUANA PARK.

15.PLAZA DEL CENTENARIO. 5.CERRO SANTA ANA. -Crystal Palace:

16.ADMINISTRATION PLAZA.

17.PLAZA SAN FRANCISCO / ROCAFUERTE.

-Olmedo Plaza:

18.PEDRO CARBO PARK. 6.NAHIM ISAIAS MUSEUM.

-Malecón Shopping Mall:

19.NAVY PARK / BAE CALDERON PARK. 20.KENNEDY PARK.

-Civic Plaza:

7.PRESLEY NORTON MUSEUM. -Playground

for

21.LINEAL PARK OF EL SALADO.

children,

Exercise Zone, and Gardens,

22.CATHEDRAL CHURCH. 8.MUNICIPAL MUSEUM. -IMAX

Theater:

23.CITY HALL.

9.CASA DE LA CULTURA.

24.CEMETERY.


THE MIAMI HERALD 22 de Octubre