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INTERNATIONAL EDITION

SATURDAY, OCTOBER 8, 2011

108TH YEAR I ©2011 THE MIAMI HERALD

Homicides soaring in Central America, U.N. reports BY ADRIANA GOMEZ LICON Associated Press

HANI MOHAMMED/AP

GARY GERSHOFF/GETTY IMAGES

BEN GABBE/GETTY IMAGES

The Nobel Peace Prize was split three ways between Liberia’s President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, right, women’s rights activist Leymah Gbowee, left, from the same African country and democracy activist Tawakkul Karman of Yemen, center.

Nobel Peace Prize goes to women’s rights activists BY KARL RITTER AND BJOERN H. AMLAND Associated Press

OSLO, Norway — Africa’s first democratically elected female president, a Liberian campaigner against rape and a woman who stood up to Yemen’s autocratic regime won the Nobel Peace Prize on Friday in recognition of the importance of women’s rights in the spread of global peace. The 10 million kronor ($1.5 million) award was split three

ways among Liberia’s President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, women’s rights activist Leymah Gbowee from the same African country and democracy activist Tawakkul Karman of Yemen — the first Arab woman to win the prize. The chairman of the Norwegian Nobel Committee, Thorbjrn Jagland, said that Karman’s award should be seen as a signal that both women and Islam have important roles to play in the uprisings known as the Arab Spring,

the wave of anti-authoritarian revolts that have challenged rulers across the Arab world. “The Arab Spring cannot be successful without including the women in it,” Jagland said. He said Karman, 32, belongs to a Muslim movement with links to the Muslim Brotherhood, the Islamist group “which in the West is perceived as a threat to democracy.” He added that “I don’t believe that. There are many signals that that kind of movement

can be an important part of the solution.” Yemen is an extremely conservative society but a feature of the revolt there has been a prominent role for women who turned out for protests in large numbers. The uprising has, however, been one of the least successful, failing to unseat President Ali Abdullah Saleh as the country descends into failed state status and • TURN TO NOBEL, 6A

Near-daily protests add to hardship in Greece BY ELENA BECATOROS Associated Press

destroyed us,” said Nikos Trovas, who runs a parking garage just off Syntagma, the large square outside Parliament that has become the focus of protests. “The roads shut every day. So we just sit around here with the employees, looking at each other with no work to do.” It is a curse for those who live or commute to the center of the Greek capital, once a vibrant showcase of what many hoped was a dawn of economic prosperity. As the chanted slogans faded and the last shreds of stinging tear gas wafted away midweek after a demonstration during a civil servants’ strike, business owners took stock of the damage to their operations — and wondered how much longer they could keep going.

ATHENS — With no warning, a few dozen students blocked a major avenue in central Athens, marching slowly up the middle of the street to make sure motorists couldn’t get through. Tempers frayed, horns honked. A driver revved his engine, swerved suddenly and charged up the sidewalk, narrowly missing a woman who jumped out of the way in alarm. The scene during a student demonstration this week reflected the increasing irritation and despair felt by many Greeks, weighed down by a financial crisis that has led to repeated strikes and demonstrations as the government desperately tries to avoid a default. “It’s a catastrophe. This has • TURN TO GREECE, 2A

PETROS GIANNAKOURIS/AP

Students play cards as they block a main avenue during a protest outside the Greek Parliament in Athens.

U.S. panel says no to prostate screening for healthy men BY GARDINER HARRIS

New York Times Service

in their 40s should no longer get routine mammograms, setting off a firestorm of controversy. The recommendation to avoid the PSA test is even more forceful and applies to healthy men of all ages. “Unfortunately, the evidence now shows that this test does not save men’s lives,” said Dr. Virginia Moyer, a professor of pediatrics at Baylor College of Medicine and chairwoman of the task force. “This test cannot tell the difference between cancers that will and will not affect a man during his natural lifetime. We need to find one that does.” But advocates for those with prostate cancer promised to fight the recommendation. Baseball’s Joe Torre, the financier Michael Milken and Rudolph W. Giuliani, the former New York City mayor, are among tens of thousands of men who believe a PSA test saved their lives.

Healthy men should no longer receive a PSA blood test to screen for prostate cancer because the test does not save lives over all and often leads to more tests and treatments that needlessly cause pain, impotence and incontinence in many, a key government health panel has decided. The draft recommendation, by the United States Preventive Services Task Force and due for official release next week, is based on the results of five well-controlled clinical trials and could substantially change the care given to men 50 and older. There are 44 million such men in the United States, and 33 million of them have already had a PSA test — sometimes without their knowledge — during routine physicals. The task force’s recommendations are followed by most medical groups. Two years ago the task force recommended that women • TURN TO SCREENING, 2A

U.S. SCALES BACK AMBITIONS IN AFGHANISTAN, 3A

MEXICO CITY — Honduras and El Salvador have the highest homicide rates in the world as killings reach a crisis point in Central America, a United Nations report said. The study on homicides by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime blamed organized crime for the region’s surge in violence. Honduras had 6,200 killings in 2010 out of a population of 7.7 million people, while El Salvador with 6.1 million people had 4,000 homicides. The 2011 Global Study on Homicide calculated a rate of 82.1 homicides per 100,000 people for Honduras and 66 per 100,000 people for El Salvador. Cote D’Ivoire in West Africa followed with 56.9 and the Caribbean nation of Jamaica with 52.1. The United States had a homicide rate of 5 per 100,000 people in 2009, the report said. Honduras' Human Rights commissioner Ramon Custodio said that he was worried about rising crime and feared worse figures are yet to come. “We, Hondurans, have lost the right to live without fear,” Custodio said in a news statement. He said the enemy in the 1980s was the army, police and secret corps, but now the threat is organized crime. U.S. officials say crackdowns on drug cartels in Mexico and Colombia have pushed gang activity to Central America, which has long been a lucrative corridor for trafficking. Caribbean countries, most notably Jamaica, have also been affected by drug-related violence, the report said. Mexico has seen a 65 percent increase in killings since President Felipe Calderon launched his offensive against drug cartels in late 2006, the report found. The country is considered part of Central America in the report. Mexico had a homicide rate of 18.1 per 100,000 people last year, among the lowest in the region, although the 112 million-person • TURN TO HOMICIDES, 2A

Family causes headaches for Peru’s leader Plenty of world leaders have ideals they once shared in order to get elected, telling The Associated relatives who embarrass them Associated Press Press “the government is every LIMA — Peru’s President Ol- day more beholden to the right.” • TURN TO HUMALA, 2A lanta Humala has kept public appearances to a minimum in his first two months in office and strived to avoid controversy. Other members of his highly eccentric family, however, do not share the president’s low-key style. His father, Isaac Humala, is the outspoken founder of “ethnocacerism,” which argues that Andean natives like him and his children are superior to descendants of the whites who colonized Peru and still dominate its politics and economy. The natives, he asserts, should be running the country instead. Brother Antauro Humala is serving a 19-year prison sentence for leading a 2005 attempt to overthrow the government with an attack on a police post in the highlands city of Andahuaylas that claimed the lives of four police ofAP ficers and two attackers. He laments that the president Peru's President Ollanta Humala, top right, poses with abandoned the militant socialist family members in this undated family portrait. BY FRANKLIN BRICENO AND CARLA SALAZAR

GAMBLING IN FLORIDA GETS A BOOST FROM COURT, 5A

U.S. ECONOMY ADDS 103,OOO JOBS IN SEPTEMBER, BUSINESS FRONT

TIGERS CLINCH SERIES AGAINST YANKEES, SPORTS FRONT

INDEX THE AMERICAS ...........4A WORLD NEWS.............6A OPINION ........................7A COMICS & PUZZLES ...6B


OCTOBER 8



THE MIAMI HERALD 8 de Octubre