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Washington imposes new sanctions for aiding Syria, Iran BY PETER BAKER New York Times Service

WASHINGTON — U.S. President Barack Obama, seeking to expand his administration’s response to oppression in the Middle East, announced new sanctions on Monday against those who provide Syria and Iran with cutting-edge technology to track down dissidents for abuse, torture or death. The measures underscored the role that computers, social media and cellphones have played not just in organizing resistance to authoritarian governments but also in helping security services crack down on those dissidents. The new sanctions are meant to put technology providers on notice that they will be held responsible for enabling human rights abuses. The announcement came as Obama continues to search for a more effective response to the killings in Syria, where more than 9,000 people have died over the last year as the government of President Bashar al Assad has tried to suppress a popular uprising. Critics have described Obama’s response as too passive and have called for more robust action to halt the violence. Obama argued on Monday that the focus on technology reflected an ever-widening set of actions that would eventually stop Assad. “These technologies should be in place to empower citizens, not to repress them,” Obama said in a speech at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. “It’s one more step toward the day that we know will come, the end of the Assad regime that has brutalized the Syrian people.” The president, who toured the museum alongside Elie Wiesel, the Holocaust survivor and Nobel Peace Prize laureate, presented himself as a champion of Israel in the face of Republican complaints that he has not been supportive enough of the United States’ closest ally in the Middle East. He noted that his administration had voted against United Nations resolutions condemning Israel and had worked to counter any threat from Iran. “The United States will • TURN TO SANCTIONS, 2A

INTERNATIONAL EDITION

In Latin America, radical left at crossroads BY JUAN FORERO Washington Post Service

BOGOTA — Quite suddenly, whether intentional or not, Argentina’s President Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner became the standardbearer of populist nationalism in Latin America when her country seized a Spanish oil company last week. The takeover of YPF enthralled Argentines and drew praise from nationalists as far away as Venezuela, even as the radical political left in Latin America struggles with questions about its future.

The region’s most bombastic leader, Venezuela’s President Hugo Chavez, who says his selfstyled revolution should replace what he calls “savage capitalism,” is so ill with cancer that he has taken to pleading with God in public to spare his life. And in Cuba, the 53-year-old Castro government is resorting to reforms to keep a moribund economy afloat. So Argentina’s announcement last week, complete with a defiant speech by Fernandez and the unceremonious removal of YPF executives from their Buenos Aires

office, bolstered those who firmly believe that the state trumps the interests of private companies in Latin America. “It’s the correct position,” Rafael Ramirez, Venezuela’s mining and oil minister, told reporters. “You cannot permit that a country with important internal consumption and with Argentina’s growth projections watches as transnational companies exploit and take away oil while not investing to increase production capacities.” But even as Argentina’s senate prepared to approve the expropri-

ation this week, Fernandez’s move underscored the gulf that exists between a group of nationalist countries led by charismatic populists and the economic centrists who govern much of the rest of the region, most notably in Brazil. Locked out of world financial markets for defaulting on $100 billion in debt a decade ago, Argentina restricts imports, imposes currency and price controls, and has used a nationalized pension system and central bank reserves • TURN TO RADICAL LEFT, 4A

ARIZONA v. U.S.: Politics to test justices again

JOSHUA LOTT/NEW YORK TIMES SERVICE

Laura Gomez, an illegal immigrant who is six months pregnant, originally from Colima, Mexico, in Scottsdale, Ariz.

BY ROBERT BARNES Washington Post Service

WASHINGTON — The U.S. Supreme Court will conclude one of its most significant and controversial terms in decades by taking on one more issue that has divided the nation: Arizona’s crackdown on illegal immigrants. The court’s final oral argument on Wednesday — Arizona v. United States — provides yet another chance for the justices to confront fundamental questions about the power of the federal

government. And the rulings the court will issue between now and the end of June could dramatically alter the United States’ election-year landscape. The court has considered U.S. President Barack Obama’s healthcare law, has taken its first look at the political redistricting battles being fought across the nation and will decide whether federal regulators still hold the authority to police the nation’s airwaves. The Obama administration has moved aggressively against

Sudan warplanes hit key South Sudan city BY ALAN BOSWELL McClatchy News Service

BENTIU, South Sudan — Sudanese war jets launched four missiles into this key South Sudanese state capital Monday, killing at least one and wounding 10 others as tensions continued to rise along the disputed South SudanSudan border. The jets appeared to be targeting a bridge on the only road linking Bentiu with the conflict zone to the north, where Sudanese and South Sudanese troops last week fought a pitched battle for control of Heglig, an oil town that had long been controlled by Sudan. A car filled with journalists, including a McClatchy correspondent, had barely crossed the bridge when a missile struck 50 yards away, spouting a dark plume of smoke into the air. Another missile struck a nearby market, incinerating a row of stalls made of wood and grass and killing a young boy, whose charred body lay crumpled nearby. Ten civilians were wounded, including three children. It was the fourth aerial attack in 10 days on Bentiu but the first since South Sudan announced

TUESDAY, APRIL 24, 2012 109TH YEAR I ©2012 THE MIAMI HERALD

Arizona’s SB 1070, which directs law enforcement to play a much more active role in identifying illegal immigrants and makes it a crime for them to seek work. The administration has persuaded courts to put aside key parts of the law. And, as with last month’s hearings on the healthcare law, in the Arizona case the government is asking the court to recognize that the Constitution gives the federal government vast powers to confront national problems,

such as illegal immigration. “As the framers understood, it is the national government that has the ultimate responsibility to regulate the treatment of aliens while on American soil, because it is the nation as a whole — not any single state — that must respond to the international consequences of such treatment,” solicitor general Donald Verrilli told the court in the government’s brief. Immigration is one of the • TURN TO IMMIGRATION, 2A

Some doubt whether sustainable seafood delivers on its promise BY JULIET EILPERIN Washington Post Service

AFP-GETTY IMAGES

Sudanese soldiers ride in a military vehicle in the oil region of Heglig on Monday. Friday that its troops had pulled out of Heglig, raising the specter that Sudan would now march south of the recognized border in retaliation. There was no sign that either side was backing away from the confrontation. Sudan’s President Omar Bashir delivered a fiery speech in Heglig on Monday, vowing “no negotiation with those people,” accord-

ing to an account by the French news agency AFP. Meanwhile, at the South Sudanese barracks on the edge of Bentiu, top generals, some of whom had just flown in, drank tea under trees, discussing strategy and suggesting that a new South Sudanese offensive might be in the offing. • TURN TO SUDAN, 2A

Seafood counters used to be simpler places, where a fish was labeled with its name and price. Nowadays, it carries more information than a used-car listing. Where did it swim? Was it farm-raised? Was it ever frozen? How much harm was done to the ocean by fishing it? Many retailers tout the environmental credentials of their seafood, but a growing number of scientists have begun to question whether these certification systems deliver on their promises. The labels give customers a false impression that purchasing certain products helps the ocean more than it really does, some researchers say. Backers respond that they are helping transform many of the globe’s wild-caught fisheries, giving them a financial incentive to include environmental safeguards, while giving consumers a sense of what they can eat with a clear conscience. To add to the confusion, there are a variety of certification labels and guides, prompting retailers to adopt a hybrid approach, relying on multiple seafood rating systems

SCOTT EELLS/BLOOMBERG NEWS

Fresh fish is displayed at the New Fulton Fish Market in New York. or establishing their own criteria and screening products that way. As of Sunday, for example, Whole Foods stopped selling seafood listed as “red” by the Monterey Bay Aquarium and Blue Ocean Institute — including octopus, gray sole and Atlantic halibut — • TURN TO SEAFOOD, 2A

INDEX IN U.S., 1 IN 2 NEW GRADUATES ARE JOBLESS OR UNDEREMPLOYED, 3A

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OBAMA STRONG IN SWING STATES AS ECONOMY IMPROVES, 5A

REPSOL THREATENS TO SUE FIRMS THAT HELP ARGENTINA, BUSINESS FRONT

CLEMENS TRIAL COULD HINGE ON VALUE OF CONGRESS’ HEARINGS, SPORTS FRONT

THE AMERICAS ...........4A WORLD NEWS ............6A OPINION........................7A COMICS & PUZZLES ..6B

4/24/2012 4:53:35 AM

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HOY l MIAMI HERALD l 2012-ABRIL 24

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