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FORT GUIJARROS: ITS HISTORY IN PICTURES ! ! ! ! ! ! ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( In(1980(the(then(Commander(of(the(Base,!John(C.(Hinkle(reported(that(the(U.#S.#Navy(would(let(us(continue( to(celebrate(the(commemoration(of(the(Battle(of(the(Bay(of(San(Diego(each(year(and(suggested(that(the( remains(of(Fort(Guijarros(should(be(explored.( In(November(of(that(year(a(committee(was(formed(with(representatives(of(the(Casa(de(Espa単a,(the(Society( of(Cannoneers,(the(Archaeological(Society,(the(Historical(Society,(E.(Clampus(Vitus,(Cabrillo#National# Monument,(and(the(U.#S.#Navy.( Since(then,(the(Casa(de(Espa単a(has(been(a(member(of(the(Board(of(Directors(of(the(Fort#Guijarros#Museum# Foundation,(an(organization(that(sought(the(remains(of(the(fort(and(investigated(their(historical(roots.(


FROM(THE(PRESIDENT( Life!takes!many!turns,!and!the!coincidences!and!stories!that!one!finds!on!the!road!puts!the!mind!to!work.! And!it!is!for!this!reason!that!from!this!page!I!would!like!to!thank!Nina!Yguerabide!and!Angeles!Leira!by!the! following:!First!to!Nina!for!lending!me!a!book!(essay)!very!short!that!she!bought!titled!"Spain#vs.#England#in# American#History"#by#George#Farias((it!can!be!purchased!for!$10.00!at!www.borderlandsbooks.com!or!call! (210)!401H4915,!it!is!written!in!both!English!and!Spanish).!In!this!"essay"!it!mentions!that!George! Washington,!first!President!of!the!United!States,!was!of!Spanish!descent.!That!created!a!curiosity!in!me!to! know!why!he!had!written!this!in!the!"essay"!and!I!inquired!by!sending!an!email!to!the!author!asking!for! details!about!this.!George!Farias!sent!me!the!information.!It!turns!out!that!the!King!of!England!Edward!I,!married!the!princess!Eleanor! of!Castile!in!1254,!the!daughter!of!Fernando!Alfonso!III,!King!of!Spain.!Eighteen!generations!later!George!Washington!was!born!!You! can!view!the!document!in!the!casita.! Second!to!Angeles!Leira!because!upon!reading!the!"essay"!she!looked!for!the!biography!of!Eleanor!of!Castile!on!the!Spanish!internet,! and!here!we!have!it!for!you:! Unusual(Biography(Y(Eleanor(of(Castile,(Queen(of(the(English.! With!the!life!of!Eleanor!of!Castile!we!can!obtain!a!good!example!of!how!it!is!not!fair!to!comment!or!draw!conclusions!lightly.! When!she!was!appointed!Queen!of!England,!no!one!accepted!her,!the!initial!distrust!gave!way!to!acceptance!and!finally!to!sincere! love!of!a!people,!which!preserves!its!memory!with!genuine!respect!and!affection.!Eleanor!was!a!sister!of!Alfonso!X!el!Sabio!(the! learned),!which,!for!reasons!of!geopolitics,!decided!to!seal!the!alliance!between!the!kingdoms!of!England!and!Castile!by!means!of!a! wedding!between!his!sister!and!the!heir!to!the!English!throne!Prince!Edward!Plantagenet.! The!wedding!was!held!in!the!year!1254,!entering!the!city!of!London!the!following!year.!There!the!young!princess!was!going!to!meet!a! cool!and!distant!reception,!caused!by!fear!to!use!his!influence!to!further!the!Castilian!interests.!However,!nothing!could!be!further! from!the!truth.!Eleanor!came!with!devotion!to!her!role!as!wife!of!the!heir!and,!later,!the!Queen!of!England!when!he!was!crowned.! It!is!true!that!their!influence!is!no!longer!felt,!but!it!was!always!positive.!She!took!customs!with!her!from!Spain!that!were!still!unknown! in!England,!such!as!the!decoration!with!tapestries!or!new!forms!in!the!much!more!refined!etiquette.! Also!she!brought!with!her!gardeners!specializing!in!fruits!and!vegetables!usually!in!the!Islamic!tradition!but!almost!unknown!in!the! cold!European!north.!Her!greatest!gift!was!the!introduction!of!the!breeds!of!Castilian!sheep!in!the!English!moor,!laying!the! foundations!for!the!later!solid!English!textile!industry.! In!her!personal!life,!she!was!a!loyal!lover!to!her!husband!and!had!the!good!fortune!to!be!reciprocated.!The!mutual!passion!felt!by! young!couple!was!even!reflected!in!the!chronicles.!It!is!said!that!Eleanor!decided!to!accompany!her!husband!to!the!crusade!in!the! lands!of!Syria.!!There!she!even!saved!him!from!dying!at!the!hands!of!a!religious!fanatic,!who!struck!the!young!king!with!a!poisoned! dagger.!She!reacted!quickly!and!was!able!to!absorb!the!venom!from!the!wound,!even!at!the!risk!of!perishing!herself.! Her!reputation!of!a!caring!and!attentive!woman!to!the!most!disadvantaged!made!Eleanor!the!most!beloved!Queen!of!England.!At!her! death,!the!pain!of!the!king!and!the!whole!country!was!immense,!holding!a!heartfelt!funeral!through!the!streets!of!London.! Today!her!memory!is!still!alive,!although!the!Protestant!Reformation!would!open!a!barrier!still!present.!Her!tomb,!which!has!been! preserved!in!Westminster!Abbey,!spoke!of!the!profound!respect!that!she!knew!how!to!earn,!and!something!very!little!known!is!that!in! the!places!where!her!funeral!procession!stopped,!King!Edward!ordered!the!construction!of!a!few!crosses!of!remembrance.!Today!only! one!remains,!preserved!in!the!center!of!London.! As!you!can!imagine,!in!the!near!future,!we!will!make!a!"poster"!with!this!information!for!our!casita.! Greetings,! Jesus!Benayas.!


FORT#GUIJARROS#MUSEUM#FOUNDATION# We!have!received!very!good!news!about!the!institution!Fort*Guijarros*Museum*Foundation.*After!these!past!two!years!in! that!it!seemed!that!this!organization!was!ending,!we!know!that!it!will!continue!to!function.!One!of!its!purposes!is!to!raise! awareness!of!the!cultural!and!educational!importance!of!Fort!Guijarros!in!the!history!of!our!city.! ! Thanks!to!the!efforts!of!the!last!Board!of!Directors,!the!thousands!of!archaeological!artifacts!have!been!transferred!to!the! Archeological*Center!in!San!Pascual.!The!files!of!the!Foundation!and!other!important!documents!are!located!in!San*Diego* State*University.!Casa*de*Espa単a/House*of*Spain!has!also!contributed!by!providing!their!location!for!meetings,!guarding! some!objects,!and!has!committed!to!helping!this!institution!to!promote!and!maintain!the!organization!active.! Its!acting!Chairman,!Captain!Paul!Ward!USN!(Ret.)!was!in!charge!of!the!Naval!Base!Point!Loma!in!the!beginning!of!the! institution,!helped!the!excavations!of!the!fort,!and!encouraged!for!a!long!time!the!operation!of!the!organization,!as!well!as! the!ViceHpresident!Scott!Anderson,!one!of!its!founders.! ! Among!the!members!of!the!Board!of!Directors!for!Fort*Guijarros*Museum*Foundation!are!some!distinguished!members!of! our!institution:!Angeles!Leira,!Mary!Goldbeck,!Maria!Olson,!founding!member!of!the!institution!and!Honorary!Consul!of! Spain!in!San!Diego,!Asuncion!Lusti,!Diana!Hardt,!Evangelina!Yguerabide,!also!a!founding!member!of!the!Ft.*Guijarros* Museum*Foundation.* * Last!March!23!in!the!Hall*of*Nations!the!Annual!Meeting!of!this!Institution!was!held!and!was!attended!by!many!members! from!both!Ft.*Guijarros*Museum*Foundation!and!Casa!of!Espa単a.!We!served!the!attendees!our!traditional!paella.! ! ! ! !

Jesus!serving!paella!!!!!!!! ! ! !

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!!!!!!!A!view!of!the!attendees!!!!! ! ! !

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! Moses!MarquiseHSimonet,!Mary!Goldbeck,! ! and!Cecilia!Romo!

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Ambassadors(of(March( We!are!grateful!to!our!"ambassadors"!that!during!March!helped!us!to!open!the!Casita!and!to!welcome!the!many!visitors! that!passed!through:! Diana!Hardt!was!the!Coordinator.!She!and!we!thank:! Araceli!Hardt,!Claudia!&!James!DaMetz,!and!Jesus!Benayas! ! !


! ! Last!month!our!president,!Jesus!Benayas,!in!his!article!informed!us!that!he!was!going!to!create!a!Cultural!Fund!for!the! development!of!posters!to!inform!the!public!that!visit!the!casita!each!Sunday,!characters!and!history!of!Spain.! The!members!are!responding!generously!to!carry!out!this!project!and!here!we!are!grateful!to:! ! Dr.!Peter!and!Anita!Leon:! $!1,000.00! ! Josephine!Gomez:! !!!$!100.00! ! Rosino!Serrano!and!his!wife:! !!!!!!$25.00! We!ask!the!members!to!continue!helping!with!donations!to!complete!this!goal!that!we!have!set!ourselves.! ! Death:!We!would!like!to!inform!the!members!and!friends!of!the!death!of!Mr.!Sebastian!Capella,!a!distinguished!Spanish! painter!and!one!of!the!first!members!of!the!Casa!de!España.!Our!sincere!condolences!to!his!wife,!Margarita!and!her!entire! family.! ! Gratitude:(Our(thanks(to(all(the(volunteers(who(help(us(in(the(casita(at(all(times(and(especially(to(Donald(Ottum,(whom( we(have(always(had(near(for(any(repair(that(needs(to(be(done(in(the(Casita.! ( Health:(We(send(our(member(and(friend(Reynolds(Heriot!our!wishes!for!his!speedy!recovery!from!his!surgery.! ! !

New!Spanish!Museums!are!incorporated!into!the!Google!Art!Project! Google!Art!Project!disseminates!the!most!representative!works!of!ten!new!national!museums.!The!selection!presented,! made!by!each!of!the!participating!museums,!covers!a!wide!chronological!range.!Parts!of!the!Upper!Palaeolithic!until!the! second!half!of!the!twentieth!century!can!be!seen!through!highHresolution!images!thanks!to!this!framework!of! collaboration!between!Google!and!the!Ministry!of!Culture.! ! Each!piece!is!accompanied!by!a!link!to!the!page!of!the!network!of!digital!collections!of!museums!of!Spain!(CERES),!in! which!the!user,!by!accessing!via!Google!Art!Project,!will!be!able!to!know!the!complete!catalog!of!each!museum!published! in!the!Digital!Network.! ! Among!the!museums!and!main!works!that!deserve!mention:! !

1.(National(Museum(of(the(Romanticism.!57!works!such!as!"Saint!Gregory!the!Great,!Pope",!by!Francisco!de!Goya!and! "Satire!of!the!Romantic!Suicide",!by!Leonardo!Alenza.! !

2.(National(Museum(of(Decorative(Arts.!53!works!among!which!are!Vase!by!Johann!Lotz!Witwe!and!Desktop!by!Hendrick! van!Soest.! !

3.(Cerralbo(Museum.!50!works!such!as!"San!Francisco!in!Ecstasy",!by!El!Greco,!and!"Portrait!of!a!Gentleman",!by! Tintoretto.! !

4.(National(Sculpture(Museum(of(Valladolid.!49!works!among!which!are!"Burial!of!Christ"!by!Juan!de!Juni!and!San! Sebastian!"Altarpiece!of!San!Benito"!by!Alonso!Berruguete.! !

5(Costume(Museum.(CIPE.!46!works,!such!as!“A!coat!of!Balenciaga”!and!“Clothing”!by!Mariano!Fortuny!y!Madrazo.! !

6.(National(Museum(of(Anthropology.!42!works,!such!as!“Altar!of!Durga”!and!“Mask”!(big!face).! !

7.(El(Greco(Museum.!35!works,!among!which!are!“View!and!map!of!Toledo”!and!“El!Salvador”!by!El!Greco.!


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ACTIVITIES(OF(MARCH( Saturday,(March(16:(ÂĄViva(La(Pepa!( The!attendance!was!large!and!the!food!excellent.!As!one!of!our!members!said!during!the!party,!"for!a!few!hours,!this!is! the!best!gourmet!restaurant!of!Spanish!food!in!San!Diego."!Here!is!a!list!of!some!of!the!dishes!that!our!members!brought:! lamb!la!mancha!syle,!stew!of!chickpeas,!menudo!Seville!style,!fish!soup!Castilian!style,!codfish!Vizcaya!style,!mussels!in! salmagundi,!pasties,!Russian!salad,!Spanish!tortilla,!paella,!pork!loin!Castilian!style,!rice!with!chicken,!fresh!salad!Seville! style,!potato!salad,!highland!stew,!stuffed!eggs,!and!flan.! Thank!you!all!for!your!typical!dishes!of!original!Spanish!recipes!and!for!coming!to!celebrate!the!Pepa.!The!winners!of!the! competition!were:!Maruja!Williams,!Regli!Dee,!and!Natividad!Hoskins.! !

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A*language*increasingly*alive* Despite!the!dominance!of!AngloHSaxon!patterns,!! Spanish!continues!its!growth!on!the!Internet! ! Let!themselves!be!carried!away!by!the!figures!on!the!increase!of!speakers!in!Spanish! (495!millions!of!people!have!as!a!mother!tongue)!can!produce!misleading! impressions,!because!globalization!favors!a!universal!culture!influenced!by!AngloH Saxon!patterns,!but!our!language!resists!alive!and!kicking,!and!it!would!be!foolish!to! give!up!the!battle.! The!Cervantes!Institute!has!just!reminded!us!of!the!extension!of!the!Spanish!language! in!number!of!speakers,!the!prospect!of!increase!up!to!535!million!in!2030!(7.5%!of!the! world's!population)!and!the!liveliness!that!lends!to!the!Spanish!language!the!fact!of! being!the!third!most!used!on!the!Internet,!after!English!and!Chinese,!and!the!second!in!the!social!network!Twitter,!quite! some!distance!from!Arabic,!Russian,!Italian,!French!and!German.!It!has!often!been!said!that!the!Spaniards!did!not!value! enough!this!language,!born!a!thousand!years!ago!in!a!secluded!place!of!the!interior!of!Spain,!whose!basic!unit!has!been! maintained!over!the!centuries!and!today!is!much!more!American!than!European.!Within!three!or!four!generations,!10%!of! the!world's!population!will!be!understood!in!Spanish,!if!one!maintains!the!current!rate!of!growth.! On!the!other!side!of!the!Atlantic!two!important!challenges!are!raised:!the!increase!of!the!potential!of!Spanish!in!Brazil!and! the!future!of!its!implementation!in!the!United!States,!thanks!to!the!presence!of!tens!of!millions!of!Hispanics.!The!doubt!is! whether!it!will!be!possible!to!hold!them!and!their!descendents!in!Spanish.!Bet!on!whether!it!would!be!an!optimistic! forecast!because,!in!order!to!better!adapt,!immigrants!attempt!to!use!the!English!language!regularly!at!school!and!at! work.!The!importance!of!the!Hispanic!minority!in!the!United!States!and!its!influence!in!political!life!does!not!guarantee! the!conservation!of!the!source!language,!but!it!is!true!that!the!future!is!not!written!about!the!possibility!of!a!true! bilingualism,!especially!if!you!are!favored!with!cultural!offerings.! There!is,!in!the!end,!another!pending!question:!the!training!of!teachers!of!Spanish!as!a!foreign!language,!whose!deficit!is! accused!from!Brazil!to!China.!And,!not!in!vain,!there!are!18!million!students!of!Spanish!throughout!the!world.!We!live!in! the!era!of!budget!cuts,!but!neglecting!all!this!would!be!a!serious!mistake.!!!!!!!!(EL!PAIS,!January!16!2013)! !

Federico GarcĂ­a Lorca Tree of Song (For Ana Maria DalĂ­) Cane of voice and gesture, And once again Trembles without hope In the air of yesterday. The girl sighing I wanted to take; But always arrived A minute later. Woe sol! Woe moon, moon! A minute later. Sixty gray flowers Tangles her feet. Looks how she rocks And once again, Our Lady of flower and Rama, In the air of yesterday.! !


! (((((((((((((((VERY(IMPORTANT:(Submit(this("announcement"(AT(THE(ENTRANCE(TO(THE(SUBMARINE(BASE(OF(POINT(LOMA(


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! !!!!P.O.!Box!33064,!San!Diego,!CA!92163!! !!!!Phone!(619)!615H3188! !!!!http://www.casadeespanasd.com! !!!!Email:!info@casadeespanasd.com! ! !!!!Bulletin(No.(356(

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Board(of(Directors!

! !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!President:!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!Jesus!Benayas!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!Tel:!!!!!619H462H7982! !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!Vice!President:!!!!!!!!!!Angeles!Leira! !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!858H453H9692! !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!Secretary:!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!Penelope!Bledsoe! !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!619H876H3248! !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!Treasurer:!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!Susi!Lusti! !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!619H295H2979! ( ( ( Advisors( ! Demetrio!Almaguer,!Sagrario!Din,!Regli!Dee,!Josie!Gómez,! ! Diana!Hardt,!Oscar!Romo,!Maruja!Williams,!Nina!Yguerabide! ( ( ( Sergeant(at(Arms:!Henry!Herms.! ! ! ! Web(Page(Master( ! !

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Honorary(Consul(of(Spain(in(San(Diego( Telephone:(619Y448–7282( CONHON.ESPANA.SD@GMAIL.COM( (

Miguel!GarciaHGuzman!

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Editor( Cecilia!Anguera:!Tel:!858H278H8664!

Consulate(General(of(Spain(in(Los(Angeles( ((((www.mae.es/consulates/Los(Angeles(

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The!Casa!de!España!in!San!Diego!is!a!private!nonHprofit!organization,!whose!purpose!is!to!preserve!and!disseminate!the! (((((((((CONHON.ESPANA.SD@GMAIL.COM((( Spanish!culture!in!the!San!Diego!community.! The!opinions!expressed!in!this!newsletter!do!not!necessarily!reflect!the!thinking!of!the!HOS/CDE!in!San!Diego.!

Bolietin April 2013 English  

Boletin de La casa de España, April 2013 in English

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