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!! !!Newsletter!361!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

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!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!October!2013!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

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500 YEARS OF THE DISCOVERY OF THE PACIFIC OCEAN ! !

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The!Sea!of!the!South!was!discovered!by!Vasco!Nu単ez!de!Balboa!on!25!September!of!the!year!1513.! In!1520,!Ferdinand!Magellan!renamed!the!Sea!of!the!South!with!the!current!name!of!Pacific!Ocean! !


OF!THE!PRESIDENT! !As!many!of!you!know,!one!of!the!obligations!that!the!House&of&Spain!,!Casa!de!España! (HOS/CDE)!in!San!Diego!has!with!the!House&of&Pacific&Relations&(HPR!)!in!Balboa!Park!is!to! celebrate!our!National!Day!in!the!park.!This!year!we!will!celebrate!it!on!Sunday!October!13,! at!2!p.m.!in!the!outdoor!setting!in!the!center!of!the!international!cottages.! As!other!years,!Juanita!Franco!and!her!group!of!flamenco!dancers!will!offer!a!spectacle!of! Spanish!dances!during!an!hour!long!event,!so!that!we!can!all!enjoy!our!rich!tradition!of! dances.!The!same!day!from!twelve!noon!until!we!run!out!of!food,!HOS/CDE!will!prepare! paella!and!lemonade!to!be!offered!to!the!public!present!in!the!park,!for!a!small!donation!to! our!Casita.! This!year!the!HOS/CDE!will!host!a!reception!on!Saturday!October!12,!from!six!to!eight!in!the!evening,!in!the!House!to! celebrate!our!National!Day,!the!Discovery!of!America,!the!Day!of!the!Raza!and!Nuestra!Señora!del!Pilar,!the!Patron!Saint! of!Spain.!HOS/CDE!will!have!some!tapas!and!a!toast!to!all!the!partners!of!the!organization!and!for!all!those!Spaniards! and!descendants!in!San!Diego!that!we!want!to!accompany!us!to!celebrate!such!an!important!date!in!our!country.! I!think!that!this!would!be!a!good!opportunity!for!all!of!us!who!know!other!Spaniards!in!San!Diego!that!are!not!members! of!the!HOS/CDE,!to!let!them!know!that!they!are!welcome!and!we'd!like!to!share!this!day!with!all!of!them.!All!of!us!know! of!individuals!such!as!teachers,!students!and!Spanish!scientists!visitors!in!the!local!universities,!and!other!families!who! are!working/studying!in!this!locality,!descendants!of!Spanish!who!wish!to!enrich!their!social!and!cultural!environment.! This!would!be!the!ideal!day!so!that!we!get!to!know!one!another,!something!like!a!encounter!of!cultures.!Please!pass!on! the!word!to!these!people!and!invite!them!to!Saturday,!12!and!Sunday!13!October!to!the!casita.! ! During!this!celebration,!the!Board!of!Directors!will!recognize!and!give!thanks!to!our!Queen!Paula!CondeUPorto!and!to!our! Princess!Tico!CondeUPorto!for!their!cooperation!during!the!past!year.!At!the!same!time!we!want!to!thank!the!two!for! their!enthusiasm!and!cooperation!to!continue!another!year!on!our!behalf!in!the!HPR&and!the!entire!San!Diego! community.! Greetings,! Jesus!Benayas! ! RESERVE!THIS!DATE!IN!YOUR!CALENDAR! MARK&THIS&DAY&IN&YOUR&CALENDAR& & Sunday!November!10!,!2013! Sunday,(November(10,(2013( ! HALL!OF!NATION!(BALBOA!PARK)! GENERAL!ASSEMBLY!AND!ELECTIONS!OF!/!HOUSE!OF!SPAIN,!CASA&DE&ESPAÑA!IN!SAN!DIEGO! GENERAL&ASEMBLY&AND&ELECTIONS&OF&THE&HOUSE&OF&SPAIN,&CASA&DE&ESPAÑA!IN&SAN&DIEGO& ! WE!WILL!PROVIDE!YOU!WITH!ALL!THE!INFORMATION!IN!THE!NEXT!NEWSLETTER! MORE&INFORMATION&IN&THE&NEXT&BULLETIN& &


VASCO NUÑEZ DE BALBOA AND THE DISCOVERY THE PACIFIC OCEAN !500!Years!ago!there!was!a!discovery.!A!Spanish!man,!discovered!to!the!world,!of!the! great!Pacific!Ocean!which!he!called!"!South!Sea".!Throughout!2013,!Spain!and! Panama!have!held!the!official!Fifth!Centenary!of!the!discovery!of!the!Pacific!Ocean.! ! At!an!age!of!twentyUfive!years,!in!1500,!attracted!by!the!news!of!the!Columbus's! voyages!and!other!marine!Andalusians,!Vasco!Nuñez!de!Balboa!(1475!U!1518)!begins! his!adventure!in!the!Indies,!touring!the!Caribbean!coast,!from!Panama!to!territories! of!presentUday!Colombia.!! ! On!1!September!1513!,!he!departed!!from!Santa!Marta!de!la!Antigua!del!Darién,!on! the!shores!of!the!Caribbean!Sea!(in!presentUday!Colombia),!the!first!city!in!the! continental!America,!which!had!been!founded!two!years!before.!The!expedition,! consisting!of!190!Spaniards!and!a!thousand!Indians,!upon!arrival!at!the!port!located! in!land!of!the!cacique!Mask!and!crossed!with!great!difficulty!the!isthmus!of!Panama! in!search!of!a!new!sea,!of!which!he!had!spoken!by!indigenous!peoples.! ! !On!25!September!1513!,!following!the!instructions!of!the!native!guides,!Nunez!de!Balboa!crawled!up!to!a!peak!and!saw! for!the!first!time!the!Pacific!Ocean,!the!most!extensive!of!the!planet.!Balboa!marched!toward!their!beaches!with!only! twenty!men.!When!approaching!the!waves!crushing!on!the!sand,!Balboa!lifted!up!his!hands:!in!one!was!his!sword,!and!in! the!other!a!banner!with!the!image!of!the!Virgin!Mary.!Moving!in!the!sea,!until!it!covered!him!the!knees,!he!took! possession!of!those!waters!for!the!crown!of!Castile.!In!this!way!he!achieved!a!most!important!achievement!in!the!history! of!the!arrival!of!Europeans!in!America.!!He!was!the!first!European!to!walk!to!the!shores!of!the!Pacific!Ocean..! ! Vasco!Nuñez!de!Balboa!would!get!the!appointment!in!advance!of!the!Sea!of!the!South!and!Governor!of!Panama!and! Coiba.!!In!1520,!Ferdinand!Magellan!renamed!the!Mar!of!the!South!with!the!current!name!of!Pacific!Ocean.!In!this!way,! the!lengthy!process!of!knowledge!of!the!dimensions!and!the!shape!of!the!globe!initiated!by!Eratosthenes!was! completed;!discovery!of!the!American!continent,!discovery!of!the!great!mass!of!water!located!west!of!the!same!and! beltway!area,!until!arriving!at!the!point!of!origin:!Spain,!Europe.!All!in!the!span!of!twentyUone!years.! ! With!the!discovery!of!a!sea!beyond!the!Atlantic!to!Europe,!began!to!see!the!world!with!new!eyes,!and!starts!the! exchange!with!the!peoples!of!America!and!the!world!...!The!great!Pacific!Ocean,!the!aquatic!mass!most!imposing!of!the! planet,!covers!one!third!of!the!Earth's!surface!U!an!area!of!more!than!165,!000.000!Km2U!two!times!larger!than!the! Atlantic!Ocean!and!more!extensive!that!all!the!dry!surface!of!the!globe.!In!it!are!the!greatest!ocean!depths.!It!hosts!the! greatest!riches!of!the!seas,!and!the!ply!the!most!important!commercial!routes!of!the!world,!allowing!universal!access!to! products!that!until!then!arrived!only!a!few,!raising!the!quality!of!life!of!the!popular!classes!and!low!bourgeoisie.! ! The!Pacific!opened!the!doors!to!the!modernity!and!emerged!new!thinkers,!inventors,!scientists.!The!Great!Ocean! revolutionized!the!world!geography,!gave!impetus!to!the!construction!of!the!intercontinental!railway!and!the!Panama! Canal.! Thanks!to!the!union!of!the!two!great!oceans,!Panama!has!the!most!important!ports!in!Latin!America!and!with!the!Colon! Free!Zone,!key!to!the!logistics!of!world!trade.!At!the!opening!of!the!global!trade,!is!born!the!phenomenon!of! globalization,!making!Panama!in!the!center!of!maritime!communications!more!important!of!the!world.!In!honor!of!the! discoverer,!the!official!currency!of!Panama!is!the!Balboa.! !! !! !! !! !! !! !! !! !! !! !! !(Based!on!Internet!articles)!

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!SEPTEMBER!ACTIVITIES! September!6!:!Welcome!to!!Mr.!Don!Gonzalo!Gimenez!Coloma:! !House&of&Spain!/!Casa&de&España&offered!a!reception!to!Mr.!Don!Gonzalo!Gimenez!Coloma,!Minister!for!Employment!! and!Social!Security!at!the!Embassy!of!Spain!in!Washington.!!A!good!group!of!partners!attended!this!celebration.!We! show!some!photos!of!that!event:! !!!!! ! ! !

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! ! ! !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! ! !!!!!!!!!!!!!!Los!Angeles!Leira,!!Gonzalo!Gimenez!and!Benayas!Jesus! !! !

!!!!!!!!!!!!Paul!Ward,!Charo!Hernández,!Col.!Luis!Ruiz!Prada!,!Lori!Ward!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

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! ! September!29:!Cabrillo!Festival! We!were!blessed!by!a!beautiful!sunny!day.!People!that!went!to!this!festival!enjoyed!a!pleasant!climate,!good!food,!and!a! landing!program!with!the!"arrival!of!Cabrillo"!to!our!shores!and!the!celebrations!that!took!place!for!this!historic!event.! Thank!you!to!all!the!volunteers!and!in!particular!to!Juanita!Franco!and!her!ballet!"Ole!Flamenco"!that!gave!a!great! performance!to!this!feastival:! !! !! !! !! !! !! !!! !! !

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!Cabrillo!!arrived!to!the!coast…!…"!

!Juanita!Franco!and!his!Ballet,!interpreting!a!Sevillana!! ! !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

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THE!REAL!ACADEMIA!ESPANOLA!CELEBRATES!THREE!CENTURIES!WITH!THE!LANGUAGE! AND!THE!WORD! ! ! ! The!Royal!Academy!celebrates!its!anniversary!faithful!to! its!original!motto:!"clean,!secure!and!give!glory!to!the! Spanish".! ! "!I&am&looking&for,&look&for&those&words&that&doesn't& exist".& テ]gel&Gonzテ。lez:!The&vain&words& ! !! !! !! !! !! !! !!!!!!! (ABC!U!6U6!U13)! !

! ! ! Council!Chamber!of!the!Spanish!Royal!Academy!! ! The!words.!Some!are!especially!exciting!and!others!make!us!angry!or!we!rejoice.!There!are!words!for!every!occasion:! evocative,!sad,!bland,!swearing,!sunsets!or!unusual!fashion.!No!spare.!Your!long!or!short!life,!his!good!or!bad!reputation,! depend!on!the!use,!which!is!often!capricious,!and!against!that!is!not!much,!if!anything,!we!can!do.!Sometimes,!it!was!a! reprimand!the!Academy!not!to!impose!certain!standards!or!by!not!banish!some!unfortunate!connotations,!as!if!the! meaning!of!a!voice!relied!only!on!its!inclusion!or!his!departure!from!the!dictionaries.!The!languages!are!to!look!after! them,!protect!them!and!respect!them!because!until!the!smallest!of!them!is!a!valuable!cultural!heritage.!Are!as!follows:! wonderful!tools!for!communication!that!are!born,!grow,!and!die;!that!evolve!with!the!same!naturalness!that!living! beings.! ! Today,!as!three!centuries!ago,!in!the!Spanish!Royal!Academy!we!are!studying!the!life!of!the!words!and!the!complex! structures!and!rules!of!the!common!language!used!already!for!more!than!450!million!Spanish!speakers!in!the!world!.!It! should!be!remembered!that!this!exciting!task!was!launched!at!the!beginning!of!the!eighteenth!century!by!a!need,!by!the! fear!that!the!language!of!Cervantes!,!Lope!and!Quevedo!shall!enter!into!the!path!of!the!carelessness!and!laziness.!Three! hundred!years!our!institution!is!the!fruit!of!the!patriotic!efforts!of!a!group!of!nobles,!clerics!and!scholars!are!convinced! of!the!urgency!to!develop!in!Spain!a!dictionary!of!the!Spanish!language,!"the!more!copious!that!could!be!done".! ! !That!August!3!of!1713,!the!day!on!which!the!Academy!held!its!first!official!meeting!in!the!house!of!its!founder,!the! Marquis!de!Villena!,!has!been!emotional!and!detailed!record!in!the!book!of!records!of!the!corporation.!Also!on!the! street,!in!this!plaque!erected!in!1990!in!the!place!then!occupied!by!the!palace!of!the!marquis,!Juan!Manuel!Fernandez! Pacheco,!in!the!current!plaza!de!Madrid!de!las!Descalzas!Reales.!There!they!the!academic!met!until!1754,!and!from! there!came!the!soUcalled!"Dictionary!of!Authorities"!(1726U1739)!and!the!first!'Orthographia"!(1741),!two!works! especially!significant!in!the!trajectory!of!the!Academy,!which!from!the!outset!with!the!support!and!protection!of!the! Crown,!invariable!until!today.! ! At!the!commemoration!of!the!three!hundred!years!of!existence!of!the!Spanish!Royal!Academy,!that!it!will!be!discreet! and!austere!but!very!attractive,!we're!going!to!have!every!account!of!the!origins!and!history,!without!forgetting!the! present!and!looking!to!the!future.!At!the!start!of!activities,!the!exhibition!"The!tongue!and!the!floor:!three!hundred! years!of!the!Spanish!Royal!Academy",!whose!inauguration!is!scheduled!for!September!25!in!the!National!Library,!will! respond!precisely!to!that!purpose,!such!as!have!advance!their!two!commissioners,!the!academics!Carmen!Iglesias!and! Josテゥ!Manuel!Sテ。nchez!Ron!.!A!year!later,!in!the!autumn!of!2014,!we!will!close!the!celebrations!with!the!publication!of!the! vigesimatercera!edition!of!the!"Dictionary!of!the!English!Language",!that!will!appear!simultaneously!as!a!book!printed! and!in!electronic!format,!as!it!will!continue!to!be!available!in!the!Network!as!up!to!now.!


Upcoming!Activities!

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Saturday!October!12! ! From!6:00!to!8:00!PM! IN!THE!HOUSE! National!Day!of!Spain,!Columbus!Day,!Day!of!the!Discovery!of!America,! !Day!of!Our!Lady!of!Pilar,!the!Patron!Saint!of!Spain! We!invite!you!to!partners,!friends!and!the!Spanish!residents!in!San!Diego!to!celebrate!with!us! This!special!day!for!our!community!

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!There!will!be!snacks!and!drinks!and!will!be!free!for!all! ! RSVP:!We!are!grateful!to!the!partners!to!make!your!reservation!at:!Phone!619]615]3188!or!! rsvp2hos@gmail.com!! !

! ! ! Sunday!October!13! ! LAWN(PROGRAM!IN!BALBOA!PARK! As!in!previous!years!we!will!be!giving!presence!of!Spain!with!its!music!and!dancing! !

! ! Juanita!Franco!and!his!ballet!"Ole!Flamenco"!will!represent!us!with!its!varied!program! House(of(Spain!/!Casa!de!Espa単a!will!be!serving!their!traditional!paella!from!noon!for!a!donation!of!$5! dollars!and!lemonade!for!$1!dollar!! !

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SONS!OF!THE!AMERICAN!REVOLUTION!(SAR)! INVITE!YOU!TO!CELEBATE!TO!PROGRAM!honoring! !

CHRISTOPHER!COLUMBUS!

! ! A!presentation!by!the!Children!of!the!American!!!!!!!!!!!!Revolution!Red,!White!and!Blue!Society! ! ! SATURDAY,!OCTOBER!26,!2013! 12:00!PM!TO!3:00!PM! In!the!Balboa!Park! International!Cottages!area! House!of!Spain/&Casa&de&Espa単a! ! ! ! COST!OF!THE!PAELLA!MEAL!IS!$!20.00!PER!PERSON! PAYABLE!AT!THE!DOOR! ! Reservations!or!for!further!information:! Philip!Hinshaw!(619U448!U8858/philiphinshaw@cox.net!! Jesus!Benayas!(619U615!U3188/rsvp2hos@gmail.com!! ! ! !

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! Casita!APERTURE! WE!ARE!GRATEFUL!TO!THE!PEOPLE!WHO!HELPED!US!AS!"ambassadors"!TO!OPEN!THE!CASITA!IN!SEPTEMBER:!ANGELES! LEIRA,!ASUNCION!LUSTI,!HENRY!HERMS.!

! ! ! ! "No!one!can!do!good!in!a!space!of!his!life,!while!doing!damage!in!another.! Life!is!an!indivisible!whole"! (Plato,!greek!philosopher)!

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!!!! !!!!P.O.!Box!33064,!!San!Diego,!CA!92163!! !!!!Phone!!(619)!615U3188! !!!!Http://www.casadeespanasd.com!! !!!!!Email:!info@casadeespanasd.com!! !! !

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!Mesa!Directiva!

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!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!Presidente:!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!Jesús!Benayas!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!Telf:!!!!!619U462U7982! !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!Vicepresidente:!!!!!!!!!!!!Angeles!Leira! !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!858U453U9692! !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! ! Secretaria:!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!Penélope!Bledsoe! !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!619U876U3248 !!!!! !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!Tesorera:!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!Susi!Lusti! !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!619U295U2979! !!!!!!!!! ! ! !!!!!Vocales! !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!Demetrio!Almaguer,!Sagrario!Din,!Regli!Dee,!Josie!Gómez,! !!!!!!!!!!!!!Diana!Hardt,!!Oscar!Romo,Maruja!Williams,!Nina!Yguerabide! ! ! !!!!!!!!!!!Macero:!Henry!Herms.! ! ! !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!Master!Página!Web! !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!Miguel!GarcíaUGuzmán! !

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!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!Editora! !!!!!!Cecilia!Anguera:!Tel:!858U278U8664!

Consulado!Honorario!de!España!en!San!Diego! Teléfono:!619]448]7282!

CONHON.ESPANA.SD@GMAIL.COM! !

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Consulado!General!de!España!en!Los!Ángeles! !!!!www.mae.es/consulados/losangeles!

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House&of&Spain,!Casa!de!España!in!San!Diego!is!a!Non!Profit!Organization!501!C!(3),!whose!main!purpose!is!to!maintain!the!culture! and!history!of!Spain!in!the!San!Diego!community!and!the!U.S.A.! The!opinions!in!this!bulletin!do!not!necessarily!reflect!the!opinions!of!the!House&of&Spain,!Casa!de!España!in!San!Diego!

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Boletin 361 sept eng 2013s