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What’s in the Newsletter

June 2011

CONGRATULATIONS Simone O’Brien Bouncing Hooves Stud - Qld

Australian Champion Bouncing Hooves Top Dollar This Newsletter is printed by the Miniature Goat Breeders Association of Australia Inc. For the Miniature Goat Enthusiast

Editors Notes Advertising MGBA Committee 2011 State Representatives Presidents Report 2011 Breed Review Queensland Show Managers Report Victoria Show Managers Report State Representative – Tasmania State Representative – South Australia State Representative – Western Australia Stud Profile – Girraween Park – NT Stud Profile – Paurol Park – Vic Stud Profile – Ketchi Run – SA MGBA Housekeeping Membership/Stud Registration Form Kid Registration and Classification Photos Submission of registration, transfer etc Yummy things for your goat to eat Health Benefits of Garlic Sweet goat’s milk cheese for you to cook Bendigo Goat Expo A wethers letter to God Kidz Page Get colouring kiddies Weed control using Goats Keeping your goats warm in winter Kidding preparations, a step by step guide Care of newborn goats MGBA Code of Ethics

1 2 3 3 4 5&6 7 8 8 8 9 9&10 11 12 13 14 15 15 16 17 17 18&19 19 20 21 22&23 23&24 24&25 25 26

Editors Notes




Anyone wishing to use any article or part thereof, published in this Newsletter must get written permission from the Author and acknowledge the source.

Adverts for the newsletter can be posted or emailed. It is recommended that you use a catchy Title to head your Advertisement and avoid putting too much text in the smaller ads.



Opinions expressed in this Newsletter are not necessarily those of the MGBA.

Photos can be emailed as a JPG or put into a word document or original prints can be posted. They need to be a good size with the animal/item easily seen so that they turn out clearly. Make sure they are marked with the correct description/name etc and if they are to be returned, please put details of such on the back of each picture and forward a stamped self addressed envelope for their safe return. If there are Children in the photo/s, Mum or Dad MUST print “Permission for use given” on the back of the photo, print Childs name, their name and sign it. COPYRIGHT (if you did not take the photo) All Photographers MUST give permission for their photos to be published in this newsletter in accordance with copyright laws. Sign the back of your photo or send an email to the Editor giving your permission.

The Editor reserves the right to edit, omit or reject any article, which is, but not limited to, content of a derogatory, crude, inappropriate or offensive nature or anything which could, in the Editors opinion, bring the MGBA or AMGR into disrepute. The MGBA will not be held responsible for any false or misleading advertising. Advertisers must ensure that their ads comply with the relevant legal requirements before submission. Any Complaints or Queries regarding the content of advertisements are to be directed to the Advertiser and not the Editor. While every care is taken in the preparation of Articles and Advertisements, the Editor cannot be held responsible for errors or their subsequent effects. Any material submitted, that is to be returned, must be marked as such. While every care is taken, no responsibility is accepted by the Editor or MGBA, for loss or damage to any material submitted.

A Word from the new Editor Hello all MGBA members. My name is Jen Condylis. My husband and I breed Minis in the Yarra Valley. In a moment of weakness I volunteered to become the newsletter’s new editor. I hope that I can carry on the fantastic work that Lee has done, she has big shoes to fill. If you would like to contribute to the newsletter please contact the Editor with your articles, ideas or feedback at Cheers Jen

PAYMENT We accept cheque/money order. Please make cheques payable to: Miniature Goat Breeders Association of Australia Inc. and post to

The Treasurer 65 Brooks Drive Kooralbyn QLD 4285 If paying by Direct Deposit please use your Stud name as reference so we can track your payment. MGBA ANZ bank BSB: 014 509

ACC: 485194316

NEWSLETTER EDITOR Jen Condylis 74 Banksia Crt Castella, 3777, Victoria Email: ADVERTISING RATES (A5 Size)

Front Cover Back Cover Full Page Half Page Quarter Page

$45.00 $25.00 $40.00 $20.00 $10.00

10% advertising Discount for active annual breeders.

MGBA Committee - 2011

Presidents Report Hi Everyone,

President - Lee Harrison -

Secretary - Sue Ludwig -

Treasurer - Patricia Smith -

General Committee Cathy Coghlan -

Firstly I would like to say a huge thank you to the outgoing committee members; Sue Junee, Tracy Newman, Simone O’Brien and interim President for a term last year – Bryan Coghlan. Your tireless efforts and support of the MGBA is greatly appreciated and very much acknowledged. To the new Committee I would also like to say thank you for taking on Committee roles with such enthusiasm and I hope the coming year is rewarding for you. Thanks also go to our Webmaster for her endless hours of checking and maintaining our website, our Show Managers for their time and many grey hairs in organising the miniature goat shows, the State Representatives for their time on the phone directing people to studs in their area and answering questions and to the Registrars for their diligence with our enormous database of information. To finish off my thank yous’, thanks to Jen for taking on the newsletter, she has done an outstanding job and I thank her sincerely. I thoroughly enjoyed writing the newsletter but I needed more time for other things. The MGBA is well and truly up and running and your Committee are hard at work in the background so as things can run as smooth as possible. Recently you were sent some information and asked to vote on a proposal to change the way we grade our miniature goats. The results were as follows...

Joanne Ballantyne –;

We have 79 members and everyone was emailed the information. 47 Voted Yes and 6 Voted No with 3 abstaining from the voting. 23 did not return a vote (percentage of these were new breeders).

Webmaster - Show Manager Qld - Simone O'Brien

Show Manager Vic - Meagan Rogers

State Representatives Lee Harrison – Vic -

The proposal has been accepted and changes will now be implemented. If your goat/s have been graded down due to their ear structure in the past and you would like them re-graded then please send an email to your registrar requesting this. You can write the new grade on your registration certificate and it will be updated in the MGBA database. To have your goat re-graded and have this information updated in the database is free. A fee of $5.50 applies if a new certificate is to be printed. The shows are in full swing in Queensland, Victoria has had one with more to come later in the year. Shows are a lot of fun and a great way to get your stud name out into the public arena. My email/phone is always open if anyone has an issue or you have something you’d like to discuss please feel free to do so.

Tony Ryan – Tas - Christine Falconer – WA - Joanne Ballantyne – NSW - Fiona Muelhberg – SA –

Kind regards Lee Harrison President

2011 Breed Review What the change has done.... The Breed types have been separated from the Grading System. The Grades are now based purely on height and pedigree. Types: Elf, Pixie, Munchkin, Nuwby,.. Sheltie, Cashmere, Angora.. are all recognised descriptive types of the Australian Miniature Goat. What the change means..... Our animals are ALL the Australian Miniature Goat breed. Breeders should still concentrate on specific types to maintain a similarity between their animals so they have a “stylish look” that can be seen across their whole herd, not just a mixed-matched batch of “a bit of everything”. Breeders should be able to point out their different types (if they are breeding more than one type) and their herd(s) should have some sort of uniformity, for example the majority of the herd - short, stocky munchkin ear type or the majority of the herd long, slender, nuwby ear type, or the majority of the herd - short refined cashmere types etc. Just like coat types, the ear type will be listed on the certificate if it looks acceptable, like cashmere coat or black colour. The ears can be "close" to ideal, smaller, tighter, wider, (within reason) etc. I will suggest that we put a collection of breeder photos, maybe show photos of Pixie "type", Elf "Type" and others. What a reasonable breeder would consider close to "Pixie type", even a line of animals, grandfather, father, son, grandson all with the same ear type. The types will not be removed.

Showing Proposed “Classic Ear” classes have already been changed to "classic head" classes, taking the "ideal ear (breeds)" out of the show ring and Judges/Exhibitors will now focus on a correct ear set and even placement and structure of both ears, of any kind on the one animal. What this means: a “nuwby” eared goat will need to have the correct ear set – where the ear comes out of the head and the ears, when compared to each other will need to be even, the same length and sit similar to one another. An animal with no real ear type ~ “flying nun”~ for example, would not qualify for placement in the pixie head class previously as the ears did not meet the ideal type. Now the “flying nun” animal will be judged on balance and symmetry (not type): the ear set will need to be in line with the eyes, both ears should be of similar length, width and when viewed from the front, they should sit reasonably level with each other.

ALL ANIMALS ARE THE AUSTRALIAN MINIATURE GOAT BREED. ELF Breed is now elf ear type PIXIE Breed is now pixie ear type MUNCHKIN Breed is now munchkin ear type NUWBY Breed is now nuwby ear type Other not-to-standard ears are simply not to standard ear types. It is the same process as the Sheltie breed change - to the sheltie coat type (Sept 2008) ALL ANIMALS ARE THE AUSTRALIAN MINIATURE GOAT BREED. IMPORTANT: The “Nuwby” height allowance still applies to nuwby eared goats, the minimum ear length requirement was set many years ago as: length to corner of nostril with the ideal being to the tip of the muzzle and longer. Ears: pendulous (hanging down). Animals with ears shorter than to the corner of the nostril are NOT eligible for the nuwby height allowance (this has not changed). Animals will be graded according to their height and parentage. Ear types will not be taken into consideration UNLESS the animal is a nuwby eared goat requiring a height allowance. Ear types are descriptive and are now the breeders interpretation of their own ideal, for example: perhaps you like the pixie ear a little shorter, you may prefer the munchkin a little wider, all within reason of course and remembering that different sheens of black are still black, different shades of white are still white BUT grey is not white or black, it is grey. Similarly, a bad munchkin ear is not a pixie and visa-versa. The TYPES are still descriptive types, they have not been removed they have just been taken off the Grade System. Classification is not necessary now as ALL height qualifying animals are accepted as the Australian Miniature Goat breed, therefore only one good quality photograph of each animal will be required for registration / upgrade / transfer etc. Animals with severe under/over bite (jaw not aligned properly), severe wry (twisted) face, bucks with single or no testicle descended, or hermaphrodites (both male and female) are not eligible for registration. (No change).

Queensland Show Manager’s Report

Victoria Show Manager’s Report

2011 looks to be an extremely positive and well supported area of the MGBA member’s benefits this year.

Hi, my name is Meagan Rogers from 'Coldridge Park Stud' in Portland. This year I was elected/pushed/nominated into being the Victorian Show Manager, I have been involved in all the Victorian Shows. Our shows are conducted mainly in the latter part of the year.

I would like to report that originally the MGBA had thoughts of reducing the QLD shows to 5 or 6 but due to members wanting 2 shows to stay (Kingaroy Show and Gold Coast Show) and an extra show booked by request of a member, (Black Butt Show) this has risen to 10 Agricultural Shows & one in-house show that will be held in November 2011. Show booked are as below:

This year we are looking at doing 4 shows, dates as follows: September 28th (Wed) - Horsham October 22nd (Sat) - Stawell November 12th (Sat) - Koroit

Greenbank Show, SAT 05.03.11: HELD Toowoomba Royal Show, SAT 07.04.11 Kingaroy Show, SAT 30.04.11 Blackbutt Show, SAT 14.05.11 Boonah, SAT 21.05.11 Lowood, SAT 04.06.11 Kalbar, SAT 18.06.11 Mt Gravatt, SUN 24.07.11 Canungra, SAT 27.08.11 Gold Coast, SAT 03.09.11 MGBA Christmas Extravaganza, NOV 11

We always welcome and look forward to seeing new MGBA members at our shows. Any questions please don't hesitate to contact me in the evenings on (03)55218076 or email me at

I would also like to note that all 11 shows have been fully sponsored and confirmed and that all trophies and judges gifts are now covered for all 11 shows for 2011with generous donations from studs and one Show society. Thank you for the kind support of the breed and the promotion of the Minis Australia wide.

2010 was a year where more people were becoming involved in Miniature Goat Breeding in Tasmania. We now have some active breeders in the south of the state and a couple in the north. We are going to arrange a day soon for a picnic somewhere in the middle, so we can all meet and get to know each other. This is all very exciting, we are hoping to develop a good little group interested in advancing the Breed.

Thanks Meagan Rogers MGBA Victorian Show Manager

State Rep -Tasmania

Studs that have kindly given sponsorship for 2011 Major Sponsors $200 and over: Serendipity Stud, Kazoo Stud, Patona Park Stud. Sponsors over $100 to $200: Hideaway Stud, Bouncing Hooves Stud, Yattarna Stud, MtGravatt Show Society. Sponsors under $100: Pikamini Stud, Minique Stud

I am looking forward to 2011 which I believe will see a leap forward for Miniature Goat Breeding in Tasmania. Toni Ryan Tasmania

All 11 shows have judges booked and confirmed and kindly supporting the MGBA. We have had support with Stewards and 2011 stewarding is now booked. I look forward to the 2011 show season with the support of the MGBA members, I believe it will be another positive year for the Miniature Goats in the show ring. Simone O’Brien, QLD Show Manager

State Rep - South Australia Hi Everyone, My name is Fiona Muehlberg and I am the newly appointed State Representative for SA. I am passionate about our mini goat hobby and I am looking forward to promoting the minis in South Australia. Response to the minis has been overwhelming so far. Fiona

State Rep - Western Australia Long awaited rains are beginning to fall and hopefully that green tinge will soon grace our paddocks. The autumn rains and cooler weather is welcome after our long hot and very dry summer. We have ten breeders spread throughout the state of Western Australia and we have a new breeder currently submitting the necessary paper work to join the MGBA. Several of the breeders in W.A. begin their kidding season soon, thus begins the excitement and the continual developmental progress of the Miniature stock we have to offer in W.A. I have had enquiries in W.A. this year for miniatures as pets, though I do feel due to the long hot summer, the particular time of year and cost of feed, that the demand has been down compared to recent years. However, the enthusiasm and commitment still shines amongst our breeders. Plans are in progress and enquiries regarding a stall at the Gigeganup Show in 2011will enabling us to introduce our Miniature goats in W.A. The plan is to extend the invitation to other W.A. Breeders to participate. Gail Flegg of Kaitoika Stud has been successful in securing an exhibition of our Miniatures at the Brookton Show in 2012. Well done Gail! From Chris Falconer

Stud Profiles Girraween Park - NT Hi from the Top End of the Northern Territory. Miniature goat keepers all have their own story to share about how their lives have changed since inviting goats into their lives, and we have also been affected by their charms. We (my husband Dennis and his son and family) moved from the Darwin suburbs a few years ago on to a 5 acre block in the Howard Springs area, some 30km from the Darwin CBD. Our mostly cleared block is well shaded with plenty of aged mango trees and massive mahogany trees. Purchasing miniature goats appealed as a no fuss way for all the family, including grandchildren, to enjoy the company of pets. As far as we knew there were no miniature goat studs in the Northern Territory, so just to start us off, we bought two boer wethers in March 2010, and fell under the charms of these intelligent, social creatures. And have been on a sharp learning curve about goat keeping ever since! Our interest in miniature goats blossomed even more after visiting the Camperdown Aussie Farmers Dairy Annual Show in Victoria in October 2010, when we were caravanning in the area.

Girraween Park – NT


Our caravan travels eventually took us near studs in Queensland, by which time I had a bulging file of pages copied from library books and notes from mini goat stud websites. That’s when the fun really began. If we purchased miniature goats, how would be get them home, some 3000km away? We visited Pikamini and Serendipity Miniature Goat Studs, and purchased three minis. Our babies, a buck named Mango, and two does, Bella and Teena have kept us absolutely absorbed since. The first task was to build a cage on the back of our ute to transport them home. In the daytime our little charges rested in air conditioned comfort on the car’s backseat, with regular toilet and feed and water stops. Of a night time they were secure in the ute cage. And yes, we did attract quite a bit of attention in caravan parks from onlookers. Our drive back to Darwin took 6 days. Our first stop was at the Cooya cattle yards for tick spraying. Then on through Barcaldine (where I learnt about the history of goat racing) and through flooded roads to Cloncurry to pick up our Health Certificate and Waybill to allow our livestock to enter the Northern Territory. We were pulled over near the NT border at 7.30am one morning by a police officer who did a double take at our unusual back seat passengers. Once home, we really started to learn about keeping goats in the tropics!! There’s not much readily available to read and learn about keeping goats in the Top End warm, wet climate and unfamiliar vegetation harbouring many potential and fatal hazards. We have now had much of the block cleared of the toxic ironwood tree, and I’ve pulled out oleanders, lantana, and other noxious plants. We’ve also learnt about internal and external parasites, effective drenching, melioidosis, regular hoof trimming and vaccinations. In February Darwin has record rainfalls and Cyclone Carlos brought new challenges with trying to keep our small herd high and dry from flooding. And of course there will be new experiences to come adding to the herd with breeding, and perhaps even being tempted to make another road journey, but that will be for telling another time. Cheers for now, Annette Post

Stud Profiles

Stud Profiles continued


Paurol Park - Vic

Ketchi Run – SA

Hi my name is Carol Smith and I live in Nar Nar Goon in Victoria. After I stopped showing horses I was looking for some stock to run in the smaller paddocks that could pay their own way and keep the weeds at bay.

A new home, a new lifestyle, an exciting new idea..... The question was...... what eats weeds, is easy maintenance, and good with young children?

Cattle were too large and alpacas have been ‘done to death’. I went online just looking around and came across the site for miniature goats. I instantly fell in love with these cute little animals!!! I immediately started to research on what was needed to keep them and realised that I was quite capable of handling the husbandry needed as it was similar to cattle (I also run up to 50 of cows), and horses, but on a tiny scale.

The obvious thought was a few sheep or maybe an alpaca!!! Or ... or maybe..!!.. an Australian Miniature Goat, we thought after many a google search for the right pet. Lee & Les Harrison from Harrison Park was the breeder that we contacted. Little did we know they would become our mentors with our own breeding programme but more importantly, our new friends?

I contacted the larger studs in Portland to find some quality stock and came to meet some of the nicest people who are very passionate about their goats! I loaded up my covered trailer and drove the 5 hours to pick up my foundation herd from Cathy and Bryan from ‘Brythy Park’. Over a cuppa and chat they filled me in on all the finer details of keeping and breeding the minis.

Buckden Iolanthe and Buckden Calypso Aka Eeo and Kelly

Dorothy (pony), Paurol Park Rupert and Buckden Iolanthe

I have since added some lovely coloured girls to my herd thanks to Anne at ‘Buckden Stud'. I have successfully bred and had my first lot of babies and continue to enjoy my little goats.

What?? A GOAT!!!! Our friends asked questionably, they are the same friends who today love to come over with their children to feed and run around with our 3 permanent residences. It was Christmas 2009, hiding in the newly made goat house were our two new family members, Holly and Sophie. Walking the children down toward them, a smile grew upon their face as they heard the bleating of the two goats....... A whole 3 months earlier than expected. Our daughters, Brooke & Kayla opened the shed door to a great Christmas surprise. Wow! Thanks Mum and Dad. 1 ½ years on we have bought a young buck, Oscar. Our two original girls are hopefully pregnant and were hoping to increase our herd to 7 or more within the next twelve months. We’re excited about breeding and being surrounded by lots of little bleaters. The hard thing will be saying goodbye to the babies, but we take heart that they are going to some other lucky children.

Brooke and Oscar

Dorothy (pony), Paurol Park Rupert and Buckden Iolanthe There is not a day goes by that they don’t put a smile on my face just doing what ‘mini goats’ do!!!

Both Greg and I look forward to developing the breed within South Australia, as I am lucky enough to now be the State representative. Thanks once again to Lee & Les Harrison for being our ongoing support network


Fiona, Greg, Brooke Kayla Muehlberg. Ketchi Run Miniature Goats Stud, South Australia

Carol Smith


Paurol Park (03) 59 425 437 0419 530 689 Rupert and puss

Kayla playing with friends Sophie and Holly

MGBA Housekeeping Change to Membership Year At the Committee Meeting following the AGM of the MGBA, the Committee voted to change the membership year end from 31 December to 30th September, effectively shortening this year’s membership. Doing this will bring the membership year in line with the MGBA financial year. This will assist with record keeping and the approval process of members and will coincide with relevant committee meetings. This decision was made also because a lot of people are away around December and it is a busy time of year with the AGM, Xmas, School holidays etc. Please make a note somewhere that your membership is to be renewed by 30th September each year. There will be a “grace period” until the 2011 AGM in November for this year only due to the reduction of the membership period. Date of 2011 AGM to be advised. There will be a reminder email sent to you all individually closer to the date and a reminder will also be posted on the website forum. Please note: There is also a new membership form, example on the next page. If you are introducing a new member, please sign as the ‘Proposer’ then a committee member will second the proposal. A stud name can be applied for on the same form and you can also choose a method of delivery for the newsletter. Can you please ensure that all old membership forms are destroyed as old forms will not be accepted? Every year a membership must be completed and signed and forwarded to the membership officer. An online form is not an acceptable form from now going forward and will be taken off the website. If you have any questions please phone Lee 0400 595 070

MGBA Procedure for Measurement of Miniature Goats 1. All goats shall be measured in centimetres. 2. The Measurer must take particular care to ensure that the surface on which the goats are to be measured is solid, preferably concrete or paved and level. 3. If a Witness is necessary for your registration, the Witness shall assist the Measurer and will also examine the measuring stick reading they will be signature to. The witness is to keep the animal steady. 4. A total of three measurements may be taken, then added together and divided by three. This will give an overall average and the result shall be deemed to be the height of the goat.

Kid Registration and Classification Photos REDUCING FILES SIZE AND CROPPING PHOTOS FOR MGBA REGISTRATIONS Click the pause button to allow the video to buffer fully before watching, this saves the video starting and stopping while trying to view it. Applications require one good quality PHOTO with each application. The animal must be clear, side on and preferably with head turned toward camera and must show whole animal including feet. Photos are for Registration Certificate and may be used in the Studbook, so poor quality shots will not be accepted. The animal must be clean, and must look well fed (in good condition). One current PHOTO must accompany registration application. It will be printed on to the Certificate so the goat's picture must be at least 500 X 500 pixels (5cm X 5cm) in .Jpg or .GIF format.

Yummy things for your goat to eat Mulberry tree – Is a great fodder tree for goats and they'll pretty much reduce the smaller branches to whittled 'sticks' if you let them – they love it. Mulberry can be severely cut back and it will defiantly regrow ... with some careful early pruning, the tree can be established to provide volumes of high quality fresh fodder for the goats. It is easily propagated by striking three foot canes in a bucket with water covering at least two leaf nodules. Refresh the water regularly when the new growth comes on the trees. Passionfruit ... they eat every part of it including the shells. Passionfruit can survive in very harsh climates. There are two types of passionfruit, the normal purple type and the banana type and both are fine for the goats to eat.

Goats are not to have adornments that impede the overall image of the goat. Photos should be of the goat to be registered only. Photos should have a clear background where possible and all photos must be recent. Any application for registration that is sent in with an incorrect photo will be returned and a further reprocessing fee may be applied. Emailed photos should be correctly named OR sent, with name of goat in subject line.

Submission of registration, transfers etc, it’s your responsibility! The registrars would like to remind you of a few issues that have been filtering through and also to advise you of a couple of changes to processing requirements. There are a lot of applications for registration, transfers etc being submitted with information missing. Please DO NOT submit anything unless you have all the information required. Your paperwork will be sent back if this practice continues. It is very apparent that a lot of breeders have not even taken the time to read the registration requirements on the MGBA website. Please take the time to know what your responsibilities are, the information is all there for you and if you have any questions both Registrars would be happy to answer them, ignorance is no excuse. Paperwork will not be processed unless your payment has been received and cleared through the bank. Please mark your payment clearly either with your surname, stud name or post code or your applications may be held up. Worksheets MUST be received with all applications, no exceptions. Thank you for your assistance. Regards MGBA Registrars

Pumpkin and other Vegies ... goats will cheerfully eat pumpkin - whole - by the tonweight, even when they're not supposed to be in the pumpkin patch. They won't eat the vine green, but it can be rolled when spent and fed to them dried - as can green beans, peas and cucumbers (dried that is). Goats love zuchinni. Zuchinni is easily grown in fairly ordinary soil and left to get huge - they'll even eat the roots, throw the whole plant to them when it's spent. Roses - the flower, [petal, hip] - are premium goat fodder. Climbing roses can be grown to make collection of the flowers easy to feed to lactating does and the canes easily cut and handled [goats don't mind the thorns] while still soft - the goats will leave none of the soft wood behind. It's excellent fresh fodder that comes in seasonally. The rose leaf and flower/hip dry easily and are premium supplements for lactating does after kidding. They can be put through a blender before drying to produce a small scoop 'pot-purri' and easily stored in an air tight container. The whole flock will love you but it's especially good for lactating does in the first couple of weeks. She'd happily pick her own bouquets if you let her fresh from the bush so how much depends on how generous you feel - it won't do her any harm any way. Most new mothers like to be given flowers - does don’t require vases though.

Health Benefits of Garlic Scientific Name: Allium sativum Biological Background: This bulbous plant is closely related to onions, leeks, chives and is a member of Allium vegetables. Garlic is native to Central Asia, and has been cultivated for at least 5,000 years. Nutritional Information: Due to its use as a spice, garlic provides insignificant amount of nutrients. Pharmacological Activity: The healing power of garlic is recognized through Chinese folk traditions dating back thousands of years. Garlic contains multiple compounds and antioxidants including organosulfur compounds (diallyl sulfides), which are believed to be responsible for most of the pharmacological and antimicrobial actions. Garlic is a proven broad-spectrum antibiotic that combats bacterial, intestinal parasites, and viruses. It can lower blood pressure and blood cholesterol, discourage dangerous blood clotting, lower chances of cancers (especially stomach cancer). Garlic is a good cold medicine, acts as a decongestant, expectorant, antispasmodic, and antiinflammatory agent. It has antidiarrheal, estrogenic, and diuretic activity and appears to lift mood. Eating Tips: High doses of raw garlic have caused gas, bloating, diarrhoea and fever in some. To fight bacteria, raw garlic is better. However cooking does not diminish garlics blood thinning and other cardio protective capabilities, and in fact, may enhance them by releasing antithrombotic ajoene. As a cancer fighter, raw garlic may be better than cooked ones. Eat garlic both raw and cooked for all around insurance. Eating garlic with parsley may reduce garlic breath.

Bendigo Goat Expo –

Vic State Rep

As you all know the Miniature Goats were invited to attend the Bendigo Goat Expo. The idea came to Peter Greenshields and Brenda Leeds (who breed Nubians, Saanens and Boers) to find a way to showcase goat of all breeds and their uses. Peter and Brenda were also Chrysanthemum growers and involved in the organisation of the annual flower show which is held in Bendigo each year in an absolutely huge, modern pavilion and so the Expo idea started from here. I think I can speak for everyone who attended and say that it was a big success and we thank our hosts for an exceptional time. The Expo can only go up from here. Peter and Brenda showed us the milking side of goat keeping and demonstrated how to make cheese, which just melted in your mouth. We even had goats milk in our tea and coffee which I am sad to say was a first for us all. Like anything new there were teething problems but all in all everyone had a fantastic time. The crowd were amazed by the goats, their products and the magnificent Chrysanthemums. Products ranged from feed containers, goats milk soap, goat cheese, goat cards, special hinges, hoof picks, fodder trees etc. There were cooking demonstrations from qualified chefs on how to cook goats meat, there was a autopsy performed by a DPI vet which was really interesting and the Department of Primary Industries had a stall with lots of helpful information available. There were five miniature goat studs that made the trip to Bendigo to support our breed. Three studs brought goats and 20 miniature goats were exhibited in the goat show.

And now for something delicious for us humans to eat Sweet goat’s milk cheese This is a delicious mild cheese.



4.5 litres of goats milk 600mls of buttermilk 3 eggs, well beaten

1. Bring the milk to the boil. 2. Add the buttermilk and the eggs. Stir gently. 3. When the curd separates, drain, and press.




Left to Right – Sam (Kawinkidink), Kathie & Steve (Corinda), Les (Harrison Park), Darcy & M (Kawinkidink), Maddie (Silverfern) & Lee (Harrison Park)

Display in the Pavilion – all undercover

The Supreme Winner for the day was Bouncing Hooves Hopscotch, unfortunately she was the only Doe over 3 years of age entered but a lovely Doe all the same.


Breeds exhibited on the day were Nubians, Saanens, Cashmeres, Angoras, Melans and of course the miniatures. An alpaca breeder came too with some beautiful garments for sale and lots of information.

And now for some goat jokes, some interesting goat facts

We have been invited back again next year which we will be glad to attend.

Bouncing Hooves Hopscotch

MGBA members

One night a burglar is trying to break into a house. He's sneaking across the lawn when he hears a voice - "Jesus is watching you!" He jumps, turns around, but he doesn't see anything. So he starts creeping across the lawn again. "Jesus is watching you!" He hears it again. So now the burglar is really looking around, and he sees a miniature goat staked on a chain by the side of the house. Thinking to himself this is very strange, the only other living thing here is that goat. So he says to the goat, "Did you say that?" The goat answers "Yes I did." So the burglar asks, "What's your name?" The goat says "Clarence." The burglar says "What kind of person would name his goat Clarence?" The goat laughs and says, "The same person that named his Rottweiler 'Jesus' "

A policeman in the big city stops a man in a car with a miniature goat in the front seat."What are you doing with that goat?" He exclaimed, "You should take it to the zoo."The following week, the same policeman sees the same man with the goat again in the front seat, with both of them wearing sunglasses. The policeman pulls him over. "I thought you were going to take that goat to the zoo!" The man replied, “I did. We had such a good time we are going to the beach this weekend!”

And now for something completely different… A wethers letter to God

Goatie Facts

Dear God, Let me give you a list of just some of the things I must remember to be a good Goat.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

1 .I will not be greedy and run from bucket to bucket to get all the good bits. 2. Shoe Laces are not edible. 3. Mums T Shirt is not a 'face towel'. 4. Mum and Dad are allowed to walk around the house without me. 5. I will not play tug-of-war with Dad's jacket when he is trying to trim my feet. 6. Jumping up on the gate is an unacceptable way of saying 'hello'. 7. I shouldn’t suddenly drop to my knees when mum wants to take me for a nice walk on my lead. 8. I must finish chewing and swallow before I sneeze. 9. I will not push past my mum at the gate pretending to protect her from the dog. 10. I will not give mum any lip. P.S. Dear God, If I am really good, when I get to Heaven may I have my testicles back?

7. 8. 9.

The proper name for a group of goats is a trip. Goats were domesticated around 7000 B.C. Goats discovered coffee beans. Goats use straw to scratch their backs. Goats first came to Australia with the first fleet. Along with the octopus, goat pupils are rectangular. Goats are thought to have excellent night vision and can often be found browsing at night. In days of old, goats were often kept on sailing ships as "compact" source of fresh milk and meat. Goats are good swimmers. Goats can be trained to pull carts and can also be used as pack animals. They have particular advantages as pack animals, since there smaller size (as compared to donkeys/horses) makes them more manoeuvrable in thick brush and they cause less trail damage thanks to smaller hoofs. A trained "pack goat" can carry 30% of its weight in cargo. It should also be noted that goat droppings are virtually indistinguishable from deer, so pack goats would be a good choice for "covert" operations in many areas.


Weed control using goats FFFaaarrrm m n o 4 9 1 9 9 0 R w d A u g u 2 0 0 6 B o h n P R a h O mn no ottteee 4 49 9///1 19 99 90 0 [[[R Reeevvviiieeew weeed dA Au ug gu usssttt 2 20 00 06 6]]] B Byyy JJJo oh hn nP Peeeiiirrrccceee,,, R Reeessseeea arrrccch hO Offffffiiiccceeerrr,,, D D o n o P a n n d u o u h P h Diiivvviiisssiiio on no offf P Pllla an nttt IIIn nd du ussstttrrriiieeesss,,, SSSo ou uttth hP Peeerrrttth h Goats are browsing animals and in a mixed pasture they prefer to eat coarse grasses and plant litter. This characteristic can be exploited to improve the clover content of pastures. Paddocks that have been set-stocked to goats eventually become devoid of coarse annual grasses. Observations from established breeders also support observations in older parts of Australia that goats can control a number of herbaceous weeds. In rangelands, browsing by goats prunes and stunts bushes, so encouraging the growth of gasses, whereas sheep and cattle avoid bush thickets. With the right management and grazing controls, a goat industry could be a useful tool for sound rangeland management. However, it has been stressed by overseas experts that without good fences and managers who know what they are doing, goats can be a disaster in rangelands. Experiments in New Zealand and the eastern States of Australia have also indicated the value of using goats to control troublesome woody weeds in pastures.

Weeds preferred by goats The weeds listed in Table 1 are highly or moderately palatable to goats, as seen in experiments in Western Australia and other States and by graziers running goats. Goats generally prefer these species to clovers and medics, so that they have the potential to control these weeds. Common names

Botanical names


Annual ryegrass

Lolium rigidum

Highly palatable

Barley grass

Hordeum spp.


Rubus fruticosus

Brome grasses

Bromus spp.


Rumex spp.


Emex australis


Marrubium vulgare

Native sarsaparilla

Muehlenbeckia adpressa

Paddy and Afghan melons

Cucumis myriocarpus and Citrullus lanatus

Paterson's curse

Echium plantagineum

Mainly at flowering

Saffron thistle

Carthamus lanatus

Mainly at flowering

Skeleton weed

Chondrilla juncea

Mainly at flowering


Erodium spp.

Mainly at flowering

Wild mustard

Sisymbrium spp.;Sinapis arvensis Mainly at flowering

Wild turnip

Brassica spp.

Variegated thistle

Silybum marianum

Yellow burr weed

Amsinckia spp.

Highly palatable

Highly palatable

PPo otteen nttiiaall ffo orr tth hee u ussee o off g go oaattss Grazing by goats can provide a biological control for many weeds (see Table 1). It is recommended for the following reasons.

     

Biological control is a more environmentally acceptable form than some other methods of control. Grazing treatments can be applied to difficult terrain where access is limited; however, attention must be paid to adequate fencing. Grazing can provide a continuous, therefore more effective pressure on the many weeds that have a staggered or delayed germination. Clovers are least favoured; therefore, while weeds are being grazed out, the more valuable clovers build up. Goats can be run with sheep and cattle; their grazing is complementary to both. That is, goats can be added to sheep or cattle paddocks with little or no loss in production of the sheep or cattle. There may be some economic return while the weeds are being controlled.

Keeping your goats warm in winter.

Kidding preparations, a step by step guide. I know we have run information on kidding in past editions of the MGBA newsletter; however, I particularly liked this step by step, ‘what to look for’ guide. The information was sourced from

Phase I -early labour.


Isolate doe on her early due date (145th day) 1. normal gestation is 145 - l55 days 2. may be necessary to change bedding if doe is in kidding pen more than a day 3. favourite time of day for delivery is late afternoon or early evening


Signs of early labour! 1. appears restless 2. eyes luminous 3. smells the ground 4. paws the bedding 5. looks behind her 6. stargazes 7. flanks hollows out 8. tail lifts up 9. rises and lies down frequently 10. udder begins to fill 11. vulva becomes flabby 12. white discharge

As winter is well and truly upon us we need to consider how we go about keeping our goats warm and well. Good dry grass hay with no mould is the best thing you can do for keeping your goats warm. If you can’t provide them with free access to dry hay, feeding them in the early afternoon is best. Grain and goat mixes will not keep them as warm as you may think, but hay will continue to ruminate and keep them warm through the night. Lucerne hay is very good for providing extra protein. Its value as a protein supplement is greatest in the winter when the quality of sown and native grasses is low. If possible give your goats a long drink of warm water daily, especially does with kids at foot. Warmed water allows your goats to rehydrate without having to use energy to warm the water inside the body. Remember to have goat specific mineral blocks available to all stock. Keep it dry by putting in a milk crate and hanging it just above the ground, under cover. Remember your bucks as they need as much if not more water consumption than the does to help prevent Urinary Calculi. Allowing two months before wethering bucklings will also decrease the chances of urinary tract issues later in life. When building stables, sheds or barns make sure there is air flow. Airtight shelters can lead to pneumonia. Make sure your goats can get out of wind, rain and heavens forbid the snow. If you are using bedding that gets wet quickly, make sure you change this frequently. Wet bedding can harbour parasites, will make it hard for your goats to maintain body warmth and may cause laminitis as the bedding releases steam. When all else fails, provide them with goat coats or let them inside to lounge by the Conara.

Phase II - actual delivery. 1.

Prepare the doe. 1. wash genital area with udder wash 2. remove water bucket so babies won't drown 3. stay with the doe in case she needs help watch colour of discharge carefully.

MGBA CODE OF ETHICS Phase II - actual delivery……………………….Continued 2.


Signs of final labour! 1. copious discharge 2. strong labour pains - about 2 minutes apart 3. ears stand out - lips curl 4. doe begins to strain 5. fluid filled bubble may appear 6. water may break 7. second bubble may appear 8. feet and or nose may become visible Normal presentations: The doe will usually deliver either of the following presentations without assistance: 1. head lying on the forefeet with the chin about. the knees and kids back toward the does back. 2. both rear legs in the birth canal with kids back toward the does back.

Phase III - clean up. 1.


In consideration of the Miniature Goat Breeders Association of Australia Inc. Electing me to its general Membership, I pledge to this Association that, I agree to accept and be bound by the following Code of Ethics. I will be bound by the Rules of Association as registered with the Queensland Department of Fair Trading, to bylaws of the association and to any subsequent amendments to such. I will aspire to advance the interests of the Association at all times and maintain its integrity including following the highest standard of stud management, business practice and fair and proper competition. I will use good sound judgment and ethical behaviour and conduct myself in a professional and ethical manner at all times. I understand that any dishonourable or unprofessional conduct or practice, which results in a written complaint lodged with MGBAA General Committee, will be investigated and may result in disciplinary action.

Delivery of the afterbirth: 1. usually occurs within 3-4 hours 2. may take as long as 12 hours 3. if not hanging from the doe partially delivered look around in the bedding 4. doe will sometimes eat the afterbirth 5. if doe does not clean, may need infusion and/or veterinary assistance

I further understand that the MGBAA reserve the right to cancel my membership should two or more complaints be submitted against me and those complaints are found to be substantiated.

Discharge of excess uterine fluid: 1. clear to slightly bloody discharge is normal 2. may occur for 2 to 3 weeks after delivery 3. if discharge is pus-like or reddish in colour and/or increasing in volume, may require antibiotics and/or veterinary assistance

I must familiarise myself with the Australian miniature goat breed standards and show rules and ensure that all persons acquiring goats from me clearly understand their responsibility for the care and welfare of the animal/s.

Care of newborn goats Usually, the doe will lick the kid to remove mucous and to stimulate its breathing. With a weak kid or inattentive mother, you might want to make sure the kid is freed from the amniotic sac and the mouth and nose are free of mucous. If there is mucous up it’s nose, a tickle with a piece of straw in the nostril will cause the baby to sneeze, thereby clearing the passage. It is not necessary to cut the umbilical cord, but if there is excessive bleeding from the umbilical cord of the kid, we tie it with dental floss. Within an hour of birth, we dip the umbilical cord in 7% iodine to prevent infections. Usually within a half hour, the kids will attempt to stand and nurse. It is important that the kids nurse within the first few hours of birth to receive colostrum which provides anti-bodies.

I must treat industry associates in a fair and equitable manner and must represent the MGBAA in a positive and professional manner when in public or dealing with the public and other MGBAA members.

I will comply with the Rules and Regulations relating to the keeping of goats as required by my local and state authority. I understand that any breach of the rules or code of conduct may cause my membership to be terminated with the Miniature Goat Breeders Association of Australia Inc. This code of conduct is voluntarily accepted and complied with in conjunction with and in addition to all current Rules of the Miniature Goat Breeders Association of Australia.

Please read the Code of Conduct so you understand your membership requirements.

Hoof 'N' Around June 2011  
Hoof 'N' Around June 2011  

June 2011 Edition of the Miniature Goat Breeders Association of Australia Inc. Newsletter