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BÇsÇ2552

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PaK TIPaK2 TI2

cUrkMuePÂcxÂçn rkFmáGafá yksIl smaFi Pavna TIBwgenHCa suxsan¶eGIy . ♣

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Pikú¡vinyZera mhayin-en]n

visuTiìmKðE¨b

Bwg«¨trtna cit¶sTìa

visuTiìmKðE¨b ERbeday

sa®sþacarü rs´-saevn er[ber[geday Pikú¡vinyZera mhayin-en]n I G i

e:HBum¬pSayCaZmμTanecjBI

vtþExμrsan´taGaNa

vtþExμrsan´taGaNa

shrdðGaemrik

2630 N. Grand Ave. Santa Ana, CA 92705 (714) 744-2834 U.S.A.

elIkTI1

cMnYn 5ç000 k|al rkSasiTÆi

PaKTI2

BÇ sÇ 2552


rUbM CIrti mc©anM nameKatþM n CIrti

Pikú¡vinyZera mhayin-en]n ekIt ézáTI10 Exkk,da 1952

PUmiTYlRBM Rsukemagb\sSI extþ:t´dMbg

sa®sþacarürs-saevn

ekIt ézáTI07 Ex05 qñaM 1938

enAPUmiekaHsUCin RsukekaHsUCin extþkMBg´cam

   


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Garm¸kfa

elaksa®sþacarü rs´-saevnç elaksa®sþacarü Cit-Cn ehA

‘rbs´Gñker[ber[g’ es[vePA ²bkrN¾viesseQμaHvisuTÆimK<ERb³ EdlsaZuCn GñkRsLaj´RBHZm( kMBugEtGanCab´nwgédenH :nekIteLIgeday RBHraCeyablén semþcRBHmhaeXasannÞ ‘va¨-y¨av’ enAeBl EdlxM\ú ‘Pikú¡vinyZera mhayin-en]n’ :nykKm¬Irmg<ltæTIbnI ERbTaMgbYnPaK eTAzVaysemþc enAvtþsMeBAmas Exvisax qñaM kur qs&k BÇsÇ 2539 KWqñaM 1995 enaH .

semþcRTg´:nman

RBHraCbnÞÚlza ²es[vePAmg<ltæTIbnIERb TaMg 4 PaKenH CYy CaRbeyaCn¾ dl´BuTÆbris&TExμreyIg:neRcInNas´ÇÇÇ ebIGacERb Km¬Ir visuTÆimK< TaMgbIPaK ‘1’ EdlenACaPasa:lI mkCaPasa sMrayExμreyIg:neT[tenaH KWCakarRbesIrNas´ eRBaHExμreyIg sBVézáenH mankarxVHxatk|Ünc|ab´ xagEpñkRBHBuTÆsasna eRcIn Nas´ sUmERbniger[ber[ges[vePA visuTÆimK< TaMgbIPaK o:n CabnþeTAeT[t edIm|ICYyExμreyIgÇÇdz . ehtuenH

x\úMk*:nTTYlza

nwgERb

ehIyer[ber[geZVIes[vePA

yin-sURt’ nig sa®sþacarü ETn-suxn CaedIm edIm|IrYmédKña bkERbKm¬Ir bkrN¾viess eQμaHvisuTÆimK< EdlenACaPasa:lI mkCaPasasRmayExμreyIg o:ncb´sBVRKb´TaMgbIPaK ehIy k*:nsMercKñaCaÉkcä&nÞza oelaksa®sþacarü Cit-Cn TTYlERb PaKTI1 elaksa®sþacarü rs´-saevn ERbPaKTI2 ‘1’ nig o elaksa®sþacarü ETn-suxn TTYlERbPaKTI3 ehIy:nsMerc oxúM\CaGñkEksMrYl RtYtBinitü epÞ{gpÞat´ nig er[ber[g RBmTaMg rknUvfvikaedIm|Ie:HBum¬pg .

bnÞab´BI:nRbwkSaKñarYceRscehIy

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visuTÆimK< enH o:nseRmc smtamRBHraCeyablénsemþcRBH

er[gCagmYyBan´qñaM

mhaeXasannÞ . enAkúñgqñaMkur qs&k BÇs 2539 dEdlenaH

Pøat´BIPasa:lIedImenaH

x\Múk*:nCYbRbwkSa CamYyelaksa®sþacarüCaeRcInrUb EdlkMBugEt

mankarPøaMgPøat´edayGectna sUmelakGñkGanCYyEktRmUvpg’.

beRg[nsmNnisSit enABuTÆikviTüal&y

edIm|IkMuomankarxusPøaMg

eday:nykcitþTukdak´bMputÇÇÇ

‘EtebI

rYmman

dUecñH karEdlelaksa®sþacarüTaMgenaH bkERbenH x\úMeXIj

1- Km¬Ir visuTÆimK<TaMgbIPaK manelakGñkERbBImunmkxøH> ehIyEdr bu¨Enþ

za :nERbtamRBHéRtbidkxøH ERbepSgBIRBHéRtbidkxøH EtesckþI

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naTIRkugPñMeBj

knøgmkehIyenaH

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KWERbeRCIs

erIsykEtesckþIEbbxøI> mker[ber[gEtbu¨eNÑaHÉg BMu:ncb´sBVRKb´eT .

nwgGtæn&yminCaxusKñaeT .

luHx\úMeXIjdUecñH x\úMk*:nEksMrYlo

1-sa®sþacarüCit-CnERbtBIsa®sþacarürs´-saevnBIGnusStinieTÞsdl´cb´.


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RtUvtamRBHéRtbidkCaPasaExμreyIg ehIyx\úM:ndak´Caelxeyag

er[g enAÉRbeTsshrdðGaemrikvij x\úM:nTTYlsMeNAvisuTÆimK<

edIm|IbJ¢ak´R:b´Km¬Ir ‘PaK nig TMB&r’ o:nc|as´ nig edIm|Igay

PaKTI2 Edlelaksa®sþa rs´-saevn ERbenaH mkcab´epþImEk

RsYlkñúgkarRsavRCavbEnæm sMrab´smNnisSitnigGñkbtibtííþ .

sMrYl nig er[ber[g enAézác&nÞ 5 ekIt ExPRTbT qñaMc Gdðs&k

x\úM:nyksMeNAvisuTÆimK<ERb PaKTI1 Edlelaksa®sþacarü

BÇsÇ 2550 RtUvnwgézáTI 28 ExsIha qñaM 2006 ehIy:ncb´

Cit-Cn :nERbehIyenaH mkEksMrYl nig er[ber[g muneKbgÁs´

sBVRKb´ enAézáGg<ar 3ekIt ExecRt qñaMCUt nBVs&k BÇsÇ 2551

enAkñúgExmaX BÇsÇ 2539 ‘12 mIna qñaM 1996’ ehIy:n cb´

RtUvnwgézáTI 8 Exemsa qñaM 2008 .

sBVRKb´ enAézác&nÞ 3 ekIt Expl<úN qñaMCUt Gdðs&k BÇsÇ 2540 RtUvnwgézáTI10 ExmIna 1997 .

Km¬IrvisuTÆimK<ERb TaMgbIPaKenH EdlRk:ne:HBum¬pSayenaH mkBIrg´caMPaK TI2 pg nig eRBaHBMuTan´manzvikaRKb´RKan´pg .

bnÞab´BIer[ber[gPaKTI1 cb´ehIyeTIbx\úMcab´epþImEksMrYlepÞ{g

kñúgkarERber[ber[genH

x\úMsUmxnþIGP&yeTasGMBIsMNak´RBH

pÞat´ PaKTI3 bnþeTAeT[t Edlelaksa®sþa ETn-suxn :nERb

etCHRBHKuN RBHezranuezr; Gs´elakEdleqø{vqøatkñúgPasaExμr

xøH>ehIy . CaGkusl KYrosþayxøaMgNas´ elaksa®sþacarü

nigPasa:lI ehIysUmemtþaGnueRKaH dl´Gñker[ber[gpg . xúM\

ETn-suxn

sUmTTYlnUvkarriHKn´BIRKb´mCÄdðanTaMgGs´ Edl:neXIjkMhus

ERb:nBak´kNþalEtbu¨eNÑaH

elakk*:nGnic©kmμ

eTA bnSl´TuknUvPar;enHoeTAelaksa®sþacarü nU-Cwm TTYlERb bnþeTAeT[t Etelaksa®sþa nU-Cwm ERb:nEtbIbYnTMB&r k*Qb´ eTAvij eRBaHmankarrvl´xøaMgeBk dUecñHPar;enH RtUvZøak´mkelIx\úM Gñker[ber[geTAvij ehIyx\úMk*:ncab´epþImERbÇÇÇ nig :ncb´sBV RKb´enAézá BuZ 8 erac Exktiþk qñaMxal sMriTÆis&k BÇsÇ 2542 RtUvnwg ézáTI11 Exvicäika qñaM 1998 . ehIy:no Pikú¡ eG]-esA CYyvaycmøgÇÇÇ EtBMuTan´:nsMerceT x\úMRtUvEksaCazμImþgeT[t . cMENkÉsMeNA visuTÆimK<ERb PaKTI2 vijenaH Pikú¡ mhasmys vtþm¨ak´sIu enARbeTs:raMg TTYlykeTAEksMrYl nig er[b er[g Etelakrvl´xøaMgeBk k*:nRbKl´mkox\úMEksMrYl nig er[b

Rtg´kEnøgNanImYyenaH ehIypþl´Caeyabl edIm|InwgCYyEklMG Km¬IrvisuTÆimK<ERb TaMgbIPaKenH o:nlÁRbesIreLIg nig edIm|I CYyRTRTg´nUvGayuCIvit énRBHBuTÆsasna rbs´Gg<RBHsmμasm¬úTÆ éneyIg o:nrIkcMerIn ruger]g er[gteTAmuxeT[t . sUmGrRBH KuN nig sUmGrKuNTukCamun .

PikÅúvinyFera mhayin-enOn vtþExμrsan´taGaNa shrdðGaemrik ézác&nÞ 15 ekIt Exvisax qñaMCUt sMriTÆis&k BÇsÇ 2552 RtUvnwgézáTI 19 ExósPa qñaM 2008


esckI¶EfÂgGMNrKuN x\MúGñker[ber[g sUmEzøgGMNrKuNd*RCaleRCA -cMeBaHelaksa®sþacarüTaMgbYnrUb Edl:nlHbg´eBlevla d*mantémø rbs´elak ehIy:nRbwgERbgERbKm¬IrbkrN¾viess eQμaHvisuTÞiÆmK<TaMg 3 PaKenH o:nseRmc smdUcesckþIb¨g R:zña taMgEtBIedImer[gmk rhUtdl´TIbJ©b´ . -cMeBaHPikú¡ R:C\-saran nig Pikú¡ hYt-Eg¨t RBmTaMgshkarI Edl:nCYyyksMeNAvisuTÆimK<ERb GMBIelaksa®sþacarü CitCn mkoxM\úedIm|IEksMrYl nig er[ber[g . -cMeBaHPikú¡ eG]-esA Edl:nykcitþTukdak´CYyvaycmøgKm¬Ir visuTÆimK<ERb PaKTI3

nig cMeBaHRBHmha sm-ys PaK TI2 .

-cMeBaHsmNnisSit nig sa®sþacarümYycMnYneT[tCaBiess KWelaksa®sþacarü enABuTÆikviTüal&y Guwg-ZYg vtþeBaZival TI rYmextþ:t´dMbg EdlRtUvkarKm¬IrvisuTÆimK<ERbTaMgbIPaKenH CageK ehIyTTUccg´:n nig CMrujÇÇÇ oxúM\Rbjab´er[ber[g edIm|ITukCa RbeyaCn¾dl´RBHBuTÆsasnapg nig dl´smNnisSit RBmTaMg Bu T Æ b ri s & T pgÇÇÇEdlCaehtu e ZV I o x\ M ú r w g rw t Etmankmø a M g kay-ci t þ xitxMEksMrYl niBitüepÞ{gpÞat´ nig er[ber[g edIm|Io:nsMercCa Km¬IrvisuTÆimK<ERb TaMgbIPaKenHeLIg . -cMeBaHRBHezranuezr; RBmTaMgBuTÆbris&T RKb´mCÄdðanTaMgGs´ Edl:nCYyóbtæmÖ kñúgZmμTanenH TaMgzvika TaMgkmøaMgR:C\a nig sμartI taMgEtBIedImmk rhUtdl´Km¬IrvisuTÆimK<ERbenH cb´bribUr .

óTiÞskza x\úMsUmóTÞisRBHraCkusl EdlekItBIZmμTand*ézøzøaenH zVay

‘va¨-y¨av’

-semþcRBHmhaeXasannÞ

sUmRTg´esaynUvRBH

raCmhakuslenH smtamRBHraChb\T&y . -semþcRBHsg¹raCTaMgBIrKN; EdlRTg´esaynUvRBHTIvg<t

TaMgmhanikay

knøgeTAehIyenaH

TaMgZmμyutþ

sUmRBHGg<RTg´

esayRBHraCmhakuslenH . sUmóTÞiskuslénZmμTananisgSenH RbeKn -cMeBaHRBHezranuezr;RBHsg¹smNnisSitEdl:nbUCaCIvit edIm|IRBHBuTÆsasna sMrab´TukoRBHsg¹CMnan´eRkay :nykeZVI CaKMrUd*lÁ>ÇÇÇ sUm:nTTYlbuNükuslenHkMubIxan . -cMeBaHelaksa®sþacarü

ETn-suxn Edl:nksagZmμTan

xitxMERb Km¬IrvisuTÆimK< PaKTI3 eTaHCaBMuTan´:ncb´cugcb´edIm k* eday

enHCasñaédmYyd*lÁ

sMrab´RBHBuTÆsasnaÇÇÇ

sUmelak

sa®sþacarü:nTTYlnUvkuslenH ehIy:neTAekIt kñúgsuKtiPB smtammenarzeTAehag . -cMeBaHGñkdwknaM BYkbJ¦vnþ GñkesñhaCati yuvCnyuvtI RbCa BlrdðExμr RKb´Can´zñak´TaMgGs´ Edl:nbUCaCIvit edIm|ImatuPUmi edayTwkcitþd*esμaHRtg´ sUmoviJ¦aNk¡nÆGñkTaMgenaH:nTTYlnUv kuslenH sUm:neTAekIt kñúgTIsuxTIsYK( kMubIxaneLIy . sUmRbeKnmK<plEdlekItGMBIZmμTanenH

cMeBaHRBHetCHRBH

KuN RBHezranuezr; RBHsg¹RKb´Gg< Edl:nCYyóbtæmÖ kñúgkar


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e:HBum¬Km¬IrvisuTÆimK<ERb TaMgbIPaKenH o:nsMercCasæaBr sUm

GanisgSénkarpSayemtþacitþ

RBHGg<manRBHCnμayuyWnyUrCagryRBHvsSa edIm|ICamøb´d*RtCak´ nig CaTIBwgBak´BMnak´GaRs&ydl´BuTÆbris&TTaMgLayter[geTA . sUmjatiejam

CaBuTÆbris&T

Gs´elak

elakRsI

elak

yay elakta kumara kumarITaMgGs´ Edl:nCYyóbtæmÖpgEdr enaH :nTTYlnUvkuslEdlekItBIZmμTanenHesμI> Kña R:zñay¨ag Na> sUmo:nsMerc smdUcesckþIR:zña eTAehag . sUmCUnbuNükuslenHpgEdr dl´GñkdwknaMExμr RKb´Can´zñak´ RKb´KN;bkSTaMgGs´

sUmdwknaMRbeTsCati

RbkbedayeCaK

C&y edIm|IRbeyaCn¾sux dl´RbCaCnEdlsg¹wmTaMgRsugeTAelI maK(aénkardwknaMd*RtwmRtUv sucrit yutiþZm( nig samK<IPaBÇÇÇ .

ExμrsamK<IKña ExμrEbk:k´Kña

km¬úCa:nsux

!

km¬úCavinas

!

ExμrRtUvRsLaj´Exμr ExμrRtUvEzrkSaTwkdIExμrÇÇÇekrBIdUntao:nKg´vg´lÁ PikÅúvinyFera mhayin-enOn vtþExμrsan´taGaNa shrdðGaemrik ézác&nÞ 15 ekIt Exvisax qñaMCUt sMriTÆis&k BÇsÇ 2552 RtUvnwgézáTI 19 ExósPa 2008

cUrsaZuCnTaMgRbusTaMgRsI

Rbjab´XμatxμIpSayemtþacitþ

Caer[gral´ézáRbéBeBkBit

o:nEnbnitüenAkñúgcinþa .

GanisgS11EdlRBHRTg´jaN

eTsnaTUnμanRbesIrGs©arü

pSayemtþacitþeKglk´suxCa

P\ak´eLIgdUcKñasb|ayeBkéRk.

yl´sbþicMELkGaRkk´TaMgLay

vinasx©at´x©ayTaMgyb´TaMgézá

BYkmnusSRsLaj´minomanP&y

cinþazøaézørab´GanrkKña .

TaMgBYkGmnusSmancitþRsLaj´

minmancitþxñaj´mkCYykarBar

TaMgBYkeTvtarkSadUcKña

o:nsuxCaRbesIrézøzøa .

ePøIgnigzñaMBisTaMgs®sþavuZ

minGacb¨HmutRtUvdl´kaya

citþekItsmaZisáb´lÁGs©arü

TwkmuxézøzøaRss´lÁRbimRbiy .

nwgminvegVgenAeBleT[bsøab´

RBHBuTÆRTg´R:b´zamansμartI

ebIminTan´:nKuNZm(RbéB

CaRBHGriybuK<lézøzøa .

nwg:neTAekItenAÉRBhμelak

rMsayTuk¡esaksb|ayéRkNa

eRBaHemtþacitþGaNitdl´Kña

kMcat´evraBüa:TcéRg .

pSayoxøÜnÉgnigmnusSTaMgLay

o:nsb|ayer[gral´yb´ézá

kMucgkmμeB[rnwgKñaeZVIGVI

rMlt´Tuk¡P&yedaycitþemtþa . Pikú¡ mhayin-en]n


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ÉksarCMnYy 1- RBHéRtbidkExμr . 2- visuTÆimK<:lI PaKTI 1-2-3 . 3- visuTÆimK<seg¡b GacarüGu)c-rs´ nig GacarüQwm-TUc 4- sTÞanuRkm:lI-Exμr ecjzμI qñaM 2551 5- bTanuRkmZmμbT PaK 1-2-3 . 6- GPiZanb|bTIbika mwg-ess 7- viZIERb:lI 8- mg<ltæTIbnIERb PaKTI 1-2-3-4 9- vcnanuRkmExμr PaK 1-2 semþcCYn-Nat 10- Zatub|TIbika 11- RbCMuPaNvar;:lI-ERb Biess 12

sm¬nÆmala nig ÉksarepSg> mYycMnYneT[t .

GPiÇ GPiÇ GPiÇ GPiÇ suÇ GMÇ GMÇ GMÇ GMÇ GMÇ GMÇ GMÇ GMÇ GMÇ GMÇ xuÇ xuÇ xuÇ xuÇ xuÇ xuÇ xuÇ xuÇ xuÇ xuÇ TIÇ TIÇ TIÇ mÇ mÇ mÇ viÇ viÇ viÇ

sMÇ sMÇ sMÇ sMÇ sMÇ

ZaÇ b viÇ sMÇ GÇ ÉÇ ÉkÇ cÇ qÇ tiÇ

TÇ nÇ bÇ sÇ «Ç óÇ xuÇ cuÇ CaÇ ÉÇ CaÇ tiÇ ZmμÇ bdiÇ mhaÇ suÇ :Ç mÇ sIÇ óÇ mÇ mUÇ mÇ bÇ mÇ mÇ xÇ niÇ mÇ sKÇ sÇ

GkSrseg¡b eRbIkñúgelxeyag KÅ KÅ KÅ KÅ KW KÅ KÅ KÅ KÅ KÅ KÅ

GPiZmμbidk GPiZmμbidk GPiZmμbidk GPiZmμbidk sutþnþbidk Gg<útþrnikay Gg<útþrnikay Gg<útþrnikay Gg<útþrnikay Gg<útþrnikay Gg<útþrnikay

KÅ KÅ KÅ KÅ KÅ

sMyutþnikay sMyutþnikay sMyutþnikay sMyutþnikay sMyutþnikay

KÅ KÅ KÅ KÅ KÅ KÅ KÅ KÅ KÅ KÅ KÅ KÅ KÅ KÅ KÅ KÅ KÅ KÅ KÅ KÅ KÅ KÅ KÅ

Gg<útþrnikay Gg<útþrnikay Gg<útþrnikay Gg<útþrnikay xuTÞknikay xuTÞknikay xuTÞknikay xuTÞknikay xuTÞknikay xuTÞknikay xuTÞknikay xuTÞknikay xuTÞknikay xuTÞknikay TIXnikay TIXnikay TIXnikay mCÄimnikay mCÄimnikay mCÄimnikay vin&ybidk vin&ybidk vin&ybidk

Zatukza bdðan viPg< sg<Ni Gdðkni:t Ékni:t ÉkaTskni:t ctuk,ni:t qkni:t tikni:t

Tskni:t nvkni:t bJ©kni:t stþkni:t «tivutþk; óTan xuTÞk:f cuLnieTÞs Catk Ékni:t Catk tikni:t ZmμbT bdismÖiTamK< mhanieTÞs sutþni:t :dikvK< mhavK< sIlk¡nÆvK< óbribNÑask mCÄimbNÑask mUlbNÑask mhaviPg< brivar mhaviPg< mhaxnÆk xnÆvarvK< niTanvK< mhavK< sKazvK< sLaytnvK<


cUrkMuePøcxøÜnrkZm(Gaz( sg¡arTaMgLaymineT[gTat´

ekItehIyvibtþivinassUnü

ekItcas´QWsøab´Zm(TaMgbYn

manenARKb´xøÜnRKb´Gatμa .

KμanstVNamYynwgec[sput

luHdl´kMNt´RtUvmrNa

RBat´R:sKμansl´sBVsg¡ar

RKb´CnCIva¨TaMgGs´Kña .

cUrkMuePøcxøÜnrkZm(Gaz(

BwgéRtrtnacitþsTÆa

yksIl smaZi Pavna

TIBwgenHCasuxsanþeGIy . ♣

♣♣

PikvinyFera mhayin-enOn


2

bkrN_viesseQμa¼visuTi§mK:ERb

dl´RBm énbc©&yCaeRK]g t nUvGayu TukCakalman rEmgman

PaKTI 2

eRBaHPav;énkmμEdljúaMgbdisnÆioekIt Cakmμmanvi:kqÁin eday viessEtb¨ueNÑaH mrN;enH eQμaHza mrN; eRBaHGs´buNü .

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

mrN;Na rEmgman edayGMNacénkiriyaGs´eTAénGayu man

‘mrNsSti’ ‘141’

kñúgkal«LÚvenH karsMEdgecjnUvkiriyacMerInnUv

mrNsSti bnÞab´GMBIeTvtanusStienH dl´ehIytamlMdab´. cUleTApþac´bg´nUvCIviti®nÞiy

Edlelakrab´bJ©ÚlehIy

kar

kñúgPB

mYy eQμaHzamrN; kñúgBaküza ²mrNsSti³ enaH. cMENkxag mrN;enHNa eBalKWkiriyacUleTApþac´bg´nUvTuk¡ kñúgvdþ énRBH GrhnþTaMgLay mrN;Na

mrNsStienaH

eQμaHza

eBalKWkiriyaEbkZøaykñúgxN;

smuecäTmrN;ç énsg¡arTaMgLay

mrN;enaH eQμaHza xNikmrN;ç mrN;Na kñúgRbeyaKTaMg Lay manRbeyaKdUecñHCaedImza ²eQIgab´ elah;gab´³ mrN; enaH eQμaHza smμtimrN; .

mrN; 3 RbkarenaH KWRBHman

RBHPaK minRTg´RBHbMNgykehIy kñúgnieTÞsenH . cMENkxag mrN;enHNa

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

EdlRBHd*manRBHPaK

RTg´RBHbMNgykehIy

mrN;enaH man 2 Rbkar KW; kalmrN; 1 GkalmrN; 1 . bNþamrN;TaMg 2 RbkarenaH kalmrN; rEmgmaneRBaHkiriya Gs´buNüxøH eRBaHGs´GayuxøH eRBaHGs´buNü nig GayuTaMg 2 xøHç GkalmrN; rEmgman edayGMNacénkmμEdlcUleTApþac´ bg´nUvkmμ . k*bNþamrN;TaMg 2 enaH mrN;Na nakalkiriya

RbmaNRtwmEtmYyryqñaM

bIdUcCaGayurbs´burs

kñúgeBlsBV

ézáenH eRBaHkiriyaminmanénsm|tþi manKti kal nig Gahar Ca edIm mrN;enH eQμaHza mrN;eRBaHGs´Gayu. cMENkmrN; Na mandl´buK<lTaMgLay Gñkmanbc©&yCaeRK]g t ‘nUvGayu’ RtUvkmμEdlGackñúgkiriyajúaMgstVoXøatcakTI

kñúgxN;enaHÉg

cUleTApþac´bg´ dUcCamnusS:bTaMgLay manRBH:TTusImar nig RBH:TklaBuCaedImkþI

dl´buK<lTaMgLayGñkmanbc©&yCaeRK]g

t ‘nUvGayu’ cUleTApþac´bg´ edayesckþIBüayam mankiriyaeRbI nUveRK]gs®sþaCaedIm edayGMNacénkmμ EdlmankñúgkalmunkþI mrN;enH eQμaHza GkalmrN; . elakse®g<aHehIy

mrN;TaMgGs´enaH KW

edaykiriyacUleTApþac´bg´nUvCIviti®nÞiy

man

RbkardUc:neBalmkehIy . esckþIrlwknUvesckþIsøab´ eBal KWkiriyacUleTApþac´bg´nUvCIviti®nÞiy

dUcEzøgmkenH

eQμaHza

mrNsSti . ‘viZIcMerInmrNsSti’ RBHeyaKavcrGñkmanbMNgedIm|IcMerInmrNsStienaH Kb|I eTAkñúgTIsáat´ eKcecjcakGarmμN¾ smáMenA eTaHbIjúaMgmnsikar oRbRBwtþeTA edayó:yénR:C\a za ²esckþIsøab´ng w man CIviti-


visuTÆimK< ERb

3

®nÞiy nwgdac´sUnü³ dUecñHkþI ß za ²mrN;>³ dUecñHkþI .

4

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

eRBaHza

kaljúaMgmnsikar oRbRBwtþeTAy¨agenH eQμaHza oRbRBwtþeTA

kalRBHeyaKavcr júaMgmnsikaroRbRBwtþeTA edayó:yminCa

edayó:yénR:C\a GZib|ayza oRbRBwtþeTAedayó:y . Bit

R:C\aç esckþIesakrEmgekIteLIg kñúgkiriyarlwker]y>nUvesckþI

EmnehIy

søab´ énCnCaTIRsLaj´ dUcCaesckþIesak ekIteLIg kñúgkiriya

y¨agdUecñHÉgç nIvrN;TaMgLay rEmgsáb´rmáab´ç sti Edlman

rlwker]y> nUvesckþIsøab´ énkUnCaTIRsLaj´ rbs´matabeg,It

mrN;CaGarmμN¾ rEmgtaMgenARBmç kmμdðan rEmgdl´nUvóbcar;

y¨agdUecñaHÉgç esckþIR:emaC¢ rEmgekIteLIg kñúgkarrlwker]y>

EmnBit .

kalRBHeyaKavcrBYkxøH

nUvesckþIsøab´ énCnminCaTIRsLaj´ dUcCaesckþIR:emaC¢ ekIt eLIg dl´CnGñkmaneB[rTaMgLay kñúgkarrlwker]y> nUvesckþI

júaMgmnsikaroRbRBwtþeTA

‘karrlwkedayGakar; 8’ Etza

kmμdðan

minmandl´RBHeyaKavcrNa

edayehtu

søab´ énCnGñkmaneB[rTaMgLay dUecñaHEdrç esckþIsegVK nwg

manRbmaNb¨ueNÑH RBHeyaKavcrenaH Kb|Irlwker]y> nUvesckþI

minekIteLIg kñúgkiriyarlwker]y>nUvesckþIsøab´ énCnCakNþal

søab´ edayGakar; 8 enH KW ;

dUcCaesckþIsegVK minekIteLIg dl´CnGñkdutnUvsaksB kñúg

edaykiriyaR:kddUcCaeBCÄXat 1ç

kiriyaeXIjnUvsaksBénexμac dUecñaHç esckþItk´søút rEmgekIt

edayvibtþiénsm|tþi 1ç

eLIg kñúgkiriyarlwker]y> nUvesckþIsøab´rbs´xøÜn dUcCaesckþI

edayesckþIeRb[beZ[b 1ç

tk´søút ekIteLIgdl´CnGñkRbkbedayCatiCaGñkxøac eRBaHeXIj

edaykayCasaZarN;dl´stVeRcIn 1ç

nUveBCÄXat EdlmandavgaeLIg .

edayGayumankmøaMgexSay 1ç

karekIteLIgénesckþIesak

CaedImTaMgGs´enHenaH rEmgman dl´buK<lGñkEdlenAR:scak

edayCIvitminmaneRK]gsm<al´ 1ç

sti segVK; nig jaN .

edaykiriyakMNt´nUvkal 1ç

eRBaHehtuenaH RBHeyaKavcr Kb|I

rmilemIl nUvstVEdlRtUveKsmøab´ nwgstVEdlsøab´ehIy kñúg TIenaH>

ehIyBicarNa

nUvesckþIsøab´

ehIy

mansm|tþiEdlxøÜnZøab´eXIjehIy

edayCIvitmanxN;tic 1 .

‘GZib|ayGakar; TI1’

rbs´BYkstVEdlsøab´ ehIyRbkbnUvsti

‘142’

bNþabTTaMgenaH bTza ²vZkb|c©úbdðaneta³ man

segVK; nig jaN ehIyjúaMgmnsikar oRbRBwtþeTA edayn&y

esckþIza edaykiriyaR:kddUcCaeBCÄXat . GZib|ayza RBH

CaedIm za ²esckþIsøab´nwgman³ dUecñH . eRBaHza RBHeyaKavcr

eyaKavcr Kb|Irlwker]y> za ; eBCÄXat Kitza ²Gjnwgkat´


visuTÆimK< ERb

5

nUvk|alénbursenH³ dUecñHehIy cab´ykdavmkpÞab´Rtg´-k Qr enAR:kd y¨agNamijç sUm|IesckþIsøab´k*R:kdy¨agenaHEdr . sYrza eRBaHehtuGIV/ . eqøIyza eRBaHesckþIsøab´mkehIy CamYy nwgCatipg eRBaHvanaMyknUvCIviteTApg . dUcCapSitk|alBs´enA RkBMu TUlykGacm¾dI puseLIg y¨agNamijç stVTaMgLayEtg naMyknUvCra nig mrN; ehIyekIteLIg k*y¨agdUecñaHEdr . Bit dUecñaHEmn bdisniÆcitþ énstVTaMgLayenaH k*rEmgdl´nUvesckþI RKaMRKa kñúglMdab´énkiriyaekIteLIgenaHÉg ehIyEbkZøay mYy GenøIedayxnÆEdlRbkbRBmehIyTaMgLay dUcCadMuzμEdlrem[l Zøak´cuHmkBIelIkMBUlPñM ‘Ebk’ y¨agenaHEdr .

xNikmrN; mk

ehIy mYyGenøIedayCatimun y¨agenHÉg . EtsUm|ImrN; Edl elakbMNgykehIy

kñúgmrNsStienH

k*mkehIy

mYyGenøI

edayCati eRBaHstVEdlekItmkehIyRtUvEtsøab´EmnBit. eRBaH ehtuenaH stVenH cab´edImGMBIkalEdlekItmkehIy k*manmux eq¬aHeTAkan´esckþIsøab´ eTAminRtLb´mkvijeLIy sUm|IbnþicbnþÜc eRb[b:nnwgRBHGaTitü

EdlrHeLIgehIy

manmuxeq¬aHeTAkan´TI

taMgenAmin:n ecHEteTA minRtLb´vij GMBITIEdlxøÜneTAehIy> sUm|IEtbnþicbnþÜc BMuenaHesat eRb[bdUcCasÞwgtUc hUrZøak´cuHGMBI PñM

manExSTwkel]n

naMyknUvvtæúEdlKYrnaMykeTA

ecHEthUreTA

ecHEtRT:j´eTAEtmüa¨g minRtLb´mkvijeLIy sUm|IEtbnþicbnÜþc k*y¨agenaHEdr . eBalza ;

eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbRBHGeyaXkumareBaZistV

6

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

stV enAkñúgK(P Gs´raRtINamYyCadMbUg stVenaH

RbRBwtþeTA dUcCaBBkEdltaMgeLIg stVenaHecH EteTAer]y> minEdlRtLb´vilvijeT ‘1’ .

mYyeT[t kalstVenaH ecHEteTA y¨agdUecñHç esckþIsøab´ ecHEtmkCitbeg,Iy dUcCakiriyarIgsáÜténsÞwgtUcTaMgLay Edl RtUvkMedAézá

kñúgKimØrdUvpg

dUcCakarZøak´cuH

énEpøeQITaMgLay

EdlmanTgRbRBwtþeTAtamrsénGae: kñúgeBlRBwkpg dUcCakar EbkZøay énPaCn;dITaMgLay EdlRtUveKvaybMEbkehIy eday dMbgbYnRCugpg nig dUcCakarkMcat´bg´nUvtMNk´ énTwksenSImTaMg Lay EdlRtUvrsμIRBHGaTitüBal´RtUvehIypg . eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbRBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´Kaza 3 CadMbUg nig RBHeBaZistV eBalKaza TI 4 za ;

ézánigyb´ ecHEtknøgeTAç CIvitecHEtzycuH

mkç Gayurbs´stVTaMgLayecHEtGs´eTA dUcCa

TwksÞwgtUc ecHEtrIgsáÜteTA y¨agenaHÉg ‘2’ .

EpøeQITaMgLayEdlTMuehIy EtgP&yGMBIkar

RCuHcuHcakedIm GMBIRBlwm y¨agNamijç stVTaMg

LayEdlekItmkehIy

EtgP&yGMBIesckþIsøab´

Gs´kalCanic© k*y¨agdUecñaHHEdr .

PaCn¾dIEdlnaysμÚnqñaMgeZVIehIy eTaHtUckþI

1- suÇ xuÇ PaKTI 60 TMB&r 142 . 2- sMÇ sKÇ PaKTI29 TMB&r 297 .


visuTÆimK< ERb

7

ZMkþI qÁinkþI eqAkþI suTÆEtmankarEbkZøayeTACaTI

8

vibtþieTA:nenaH BitCaminmanesaHeLIy .

bMputTaMgGs´ y¨agNamijç CIvit rbs´stVTaMg

RKgsm|tþielIEpndITaMgmUl RTg´cayRBHraCRTBü

TwksenSIm elIcugesμA EtgRCuHZøak´ eRBaH

100 ekadi RTg´dl´nUvPaBCaZM kñúgTIbMput énvtæú

kiriyarHeLIg énRBHGaTitü y¨agNamijç Gayu k*y¨agenaHEdrç

sUmEm¨kMuhamXat´x\úMeLIy .

RtwmEtEpøknÞÜtéRB

bBiRtEm¨

kayenaHÉg

mYyeT[t mrN;enHenaH ecHEtnaMyknUv

CIviteTAEtmüa¨g luHnaMykeTAehIy k*minnaMykmkvijeLIy dUc CaeBCÄXatenaH naMykdav‘dak´’Rtg´-k dUecñaHÉg .

eRBaHehtu

enaH esckþIsøab´ eQμaHzaCaZmμCatR:kdEmnBit dUceBCÄXat EdlmandavgaeLIgehIy eRBaHmrN;mkehIy CamYynwgCatipg

nakal

edaycMNgKWrag

RBHGg<RTg´manRBHP®kþeq¬aHeTArk

esckþIsøab´ RTg´CYbnUvesckþIesakesA . mYyeT[t

esckþIminmaneraKTaMgGs´

manBüaZiCaTIbMput

v&yTaMgGs´ manCraCaTIbMput CIvitTaMgGs´ manesckþIsøab´CaTI bMput

elaksnñivasTaMgGs´hñwgÉg

edjtamehIy ehIy .

eRBaHnaMyknUvCIviteTACamYypg dUecñHÉg . RBHeyaKavcr Kb|I

KWCatieTAtamehIy

RtUvBüaZiRKbsg,t´ehIy

eRBaHehtudUecñaH

RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´ za ;

Tl´nwgGakas kalebIrebIkZøak´mk k*Kb|Irem[l sg,t´ ‘nUvstVTaMgLay’ edayCMuvijRKb´TisTaMg

dUecñHÉg .

bYn y¨agNamijç Cra nigmrN; EtgRKbsg,t´

‘GZib|ayGakar; TI2’

nUvstVTaMgLay eTaHCakSRtkþI RBahμN¾kþI Gñk

‘143’ bTza ²sm|tiþvibtþieta³ GZib|ayza ; drabNa

CMnYjkþI Gñk®KYkþI eTaHCamnusScNÐal nig Gñk

vibtþi minRKbsg,t´nUvsm|tþienaH drabenaH eQμaHzasm|tþi kñúg elakenH EtgenAlÁsÁat .

ecalsMramkþI

Etza eQμaHzasm|tþi EdlknøgnUv

suÇ TIÇ mÇ PaKTI 16 TMB&rTI 256 .

EtgjaMjITaMgGs´

minmanelIk

ElgstVNanImYyesaHeLIy k*y¨agdUecñaHÉg . 1–

sMÇ sKÇ PaKTI 29 TMB&rTI

KWCra

RtUvmrN;kMcat´bg´

PñMTaMgLay EdlCazμtan´d*ZM ‘1’ mankMBUlx¬s´

rlwkesckþIsøab´er]y> edaykiriyaR:kddUcCaeBCÄXat y¨ag

1–

Bak´kNþalbu¨eNÑaHç

buNümkdl´kiriyaGs´ehIy

mrN;mkehIyCamYynwgCati dUcCaeBCÄXat mandavga eLIgehIy y¨agenH .

BitdUecñaHEmn

sUm|IRBH:TGesak RTg´manesckþIsux RTg´RKb´

Lay k*y¨agdUecñaHEdr ‘1’ .

rbs´mnusSTaMgLay

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

297 .


visuTÆimK< ERb

9

10

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

kñúgCra nig mrN;enaH PUmiénBldMrI minman PUmi

CaGñkmanysZM’ y¨agdUcemþc/ .

eT[t «tmanGñkNamYy GacykQñH ‘nUvCra

CaGñkmanysZM y¨agenHCamunza; esckþIsøab´enH minmanesckþI

énBlrzminman PUmiénBlezμIreCIg minmanç mYy nig mrN;enaH’ edays®g<am edayGaz(kM:Mg ß edayRTBü:neLIy .

vibtþiKWmrN; CaTIbMputénsm|tþiKWCIvit dUceBalmkenH . RBHeyaKavcr kalkMNt´Pav;énCIvit manesckþIsøab´ CaTIbMput enaH Kb|IrlwkesckþIsøab´er]y> edayvibtþicaksm|tþi .

‘GZib|ayGakar; TI3’ ‘144’ bTza ²óbsMhrNeta³ xøÜnCamYynwgBYkCndéT .

KWedaykareRb[beZ[b

kñúger]genaH RBHeyaKavcr Kb|Irlwk

esckþIsøab´er]y> edaykareRb[beZ[b edayGakar; 7 KW ;

ysmhtþeta edayPaBCaGñkmanysZMç buJ¦mhtþeta

edayPaBCaGñkmanbuNüeRcInç

zammhtþeta

edayPaBCaGñkmankmøaMgeRcInç

«TÆimhtþeta bJ¦amhtþeta bec©kBuTÆeta

edayPaBCaGñkmanb\TÆieRcInç edayPaBCaGñkmanbJ¦aeRcInç edayPaBCaRBHbec©kBuTÆç

smμasm¬úTÆmhtþeta

edayPaBCaRBHsmμasm¬úTÆç

‘ysmhtþeta’ sYrza ;

RBHeyaKavcr Kb|IrlwkesckþIsøab´ edayPaB

eqøIyza ; RBHeyaKavcr Kb|IrlwkesckþIsøab´ edayPaB

sgS&yeLIy Zøak´cuHelIRBHraCaTaMgLay cab´epþImGMBIesþcRTg´ RBHnammhasmμt; esþcRTg´RBHnammnÆatu esþcRTg´RBHnammha suTsSn; esþcRTg´RBHnamTL$enmi GñkmanysZMmanbrivareRcIn manRTBü nig manBahn;eRcIn caM:c´eBaleTAzVI esckþIsøab´nwg minZøak´mkelIxøÜnGj .

Gñ k manysZM TaM g Lay mhasmμ t ;CaedI m

manesþ c RTg´ R BHnam

Caesþ c RbesI r

Gm|al

y¨agesþcTaMgenaH Kg´dl´ehIynUvGMNac énmc©ú caM:c´eBaleTAzVI kñúgbuK<lTaMgLay R:kddUcCa Gj dUecñH .

‘buJ¦mhtþeta’ sYrza ; RBHeyaKavcr Kb|IrlwkesckþIsøab´ edayPaB CaGñkmanbuNüeRcIn y¨agdUcemþc/ . eqøIyza ; RBHeyaKavcr Kb|IrlwkesckþIsøab´ edayPaB CaGñkmanbuNüeRcIn y¨agdUecñH za ;

esdðITaMgLayenH KW esdðIeQμaHeCatiy; eQμaH Cdil;

eQμaHóK<;

esdðIeQμaHbuNÑ;

eQμaHemNÐk;

BMuenaHesat

nig CnTaMgLayÉeT[t Edl


visuTÆimK< ERb

11

suTÆEtl|I> za CaGñkmanbuNüd*eRcIn kñúgelak GñkTaMgGs´enaH suTÆEtdl´ehIy nUvesckþIsøab´ caM:c´eBaleTAzVI kñúgbuK<lTaMgLay R:kddUcCa Gj dUecñH .

12

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

RBHGK<sav&k TI2 Na CaGñkRbesIrCagbuK<lGñk manb\TÆiTaMgLay kaljúaMgevCynþR:saTmino keRmIk edayRtwmEtcugemeCIg RBHGK<sav&k TI 2 enaH

Kg´cUleTAkan´mat´énmc©ú

mYyGenøIedayGñkmanb\TÆiTaMgLay dUcCaRmwKcUl

‘zammhtþeta’ sYrza ; RBHeyaKavcr Kb|IrlwkesckþIsøab´ edayPaB CaGñkmankmøaMgeRcIn y¨agdUcemþc/ .

eTAkan´mat´énsIh; caM:c´eBaleTAzVI kñúgbuK<l TaMgLayR:kddUcCaGj dUecñH .

‘bJ¦amhtþeta’

eqøIyza ; RBHeyaKavcr Kb|IrlwkesckþIsøab´ edayPaB

sYrza ; RBHeyaKavcr Kb|IrlwkesckþIsøab´ edayPaB

CaGñkmankmøaMgeRcIn y¨agdUecñH za ;

RBHvasueTB

RBHBleTB

RBHPImesn;

RBH

yudðil; sUm|Ihnur; GñkcM:b´ZM> dl´ehIy nUv GMNacénesckþIsøab´ GñkTaMgenaHÉgEdlsuTÆEt CaGñkl|I> dl´ehIynUvPaBCaGñkmankmøaMg kñúg elak y¨agenH dl´ehIynUvesckþIsøab´ caM:c´ eBaleTAzVI kñúgbuK<lR:kddUcGj dUecñH .

‘«TÆimhtþeta’ sYrza ; RBHeyaKavcr Kb|IrlwkesckþIsøab´ edayPaB CaGñkmanb\TÆieRcIn y¨agdUcemþc/ . eqøIyza ; RBHeyaKavcr Kb|IrlwkesckþIsøab´ edayPaB CaGñkmanb\TÆieRcIn y¨agdUecñH za ;

EdlKYroRBWxøac

CaGñkmanR:C\aeRcIn y¨agdUcemþc/ . eqøIyza ; RBHeyaKavcr Kb|IrlwkesckþIsøab´ edayPaB CaGñkmanR:C\aeRcIn y¨agdUecñH za ;

elIkElgEtRBHelaknazecj stVTaMgLayNa déTeT[t

EdlmanstVTaMgLayenaH

mindl´

nUvcMNit TI16 EdleKEckehIy Gs´fan; 16 dg énbJ¦arbs´RBHsarIbuRtç RBHGK<sav&k TI1 eQμaHza CaGñkmanbJ¦aeRcIn y¨agenH dl´ehIy nUvGMNacénesckþIsøab´

caM:c´eBaleTAzVI

kñúg

buK<lTaMgLayR:kddUcCaGj dUecñH .

‘bec©kBuTÆeta’ sYrza ; RBHeyaKavcr Kb|IrlwkesckþIsøab´ edayPaB


visuTÆimK< ERb

13

CaRBHbec©kBuTÆ y¨agdUcemþc/ .

14

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

mansIlk¡nÆd*brisuTÆsÁat edayGakar;TaMgBYgCaedIm dl´ehIy

eqøIyza ; RBHeyaKavcr Kb|IrlwkesckþIsøab´ edayPaB

nUveRtIy énPaBCaGñkmanysZM PaBCaGñkmanbuNüeRcIn PaB

CaRBHbec©kBuTÆ y¨agdUecñH za ; sUm|IBuTÆbuK<lTaMgLayenaHNa

CaGñkmankmøaMgeRcIn PaBCaGñkmanb\TÆieRcIn nig PaBCaGñkman

eZVInUvkiriyajaMjIsRtUv KWkielsTaMgBYg edayBl;KWjaN nig

bJ¦aeRcIn minmanbuK<lesμI esμIedaybuK<lminmanbuK<lesμI min

vIriy; rbs´xøÜn :ndl´nUvbec©ksem¬aZi CaRBHsymÖÚ dUcCakuy

manbuK<leRb[b manbuK<leRb[bminman CaRBHGrhnþ Rtas´dwg

rmasç

edayRbéBç

sUm|IBuTÆbuK<lTaMgenaH

k*minrYcputehIyGMBIesckþIsøab´

cuHeyIgnwgrYcputGMBITINa:n .

dl´ehIynUvkiriyaGs´eTA

RTg´sáb´rmáab´ehIy

edayfan; edaykiriyaZøak´cuHéntMNk´TwkePø{g KWmrN; eRb[b

RBHmehsITaMgLayÉNa GaRs&ynUvnimitþenaH> BicarNa

sUm|IRBHmanRBHPaKGg<enaH

énGasav;

edayetCHénjaNCaRBHsymÖÚ eRb[bdUcCakuy

dUcCaKMnrePøIgd*ZM rlt´edaykiriyaZøak´cuHénRKab´ePø{gKWTwk .

ZmμtaesckþIsøab´enaHNa

pSayGMNacmkdl´

RBHmehsI GñkmanGanuPaBeRcIn y¨agenH eday

rmas eRBaHkiriyaRtac´eTAnigenAEtmñak´Égç sUm|I

mi n manesckþ I x ø a c

caM:c´eBaleTAzVI kñúgbuK<lTaMgLay R:kddUcCa

xμas minmanekatjejIt jaMjInUvstVTaMgGs´

RBHmehsITaMgLayenaH k*knøgnUvmc©úBMu:neLIy Gj dUecñH .

‘smμasm¬úTÆeta’ sYrza ; RBHeyaKavcr Kb|IrlwkesckþIsøab´ edayPaB CaRBHsmμasm¬úTÆ y¨agdUcemþc/ .

eLIy

edaymi n manesckþ I x μ a s

esckþIsøab´enHenaH

EdlminmanesckþI

nwgminmkRKbsg,t´nUvstV R:kddUcCaGj dUc emþc:n dUecñH . kalRBHeyaKavcrenaH

eRb[beZ[bxøÜn

mYyGenøIedayCn

TaMgLaydéT EdlbribUredayPaBCaZM manPaBCaGñkmanysZM

eqøIyza ; RBHeyaKavcr Kb|IrlwkesckþIsøab´ edayPaB

CaedIm edayPaBCaGñkmanmrN;esμIKña dUecñHeehIy rlwker]y>

CaRBHsmμasm¬úTÆ y¨agdUecñHza ; sUm|IRBHmanRBHPaKenaHNa man

za ²esckþIsøab´ nwgmandl´GjEdr dUcmandl´BYkstVviess

RBHrUbkayviciRt edaymhaburislk¡N; 32 Rbkar Rbdab´ehIy

TaMgLayenaH³ dUecñHehIy kmμdðan nwgdl´óbcar;Bit .

edayGnuBüJ¢n; 80 manRBHZmμkaysMercehIy edayKuNrtn;

eyaKavcr Kb|IrlwkesckþIsøab´ edaykareRb[beZ[by¨agenH .

RBH


visuTÆimK< ERb

15

‘GZib|ayGakar; TI4’

16

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

kiriyaZøak´cuH énóbRTBüTaMgLayenaHEmnBit .

bTza ²kayBhusaZarNeta³ esckþIza TUeTA

eRBaHehtuenaH :nCaRBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ za ²mñal

dl´stVeRcIn KWTUeTAdl´hVÚvdg,ÚvTaMgLay 80 BYk edayBit .

Pikú¡TaMgLay Pikú¡ kñúgsasnaenH kalebIézáknøgeTAehIy yb´

bNþahVÚgdg,ÚvTaMgenaH dg,ÚvEdlGaRs&ynUvEs|ksm|úrézá EtgsIu

mkdl´vij EtgBicarNadUecñHza; ehtuénesckþIsøab´ rbs´Gatμa

nUvEs|ksm|úrézá

Gj maneRcInNas´etI ‘dUcCa’ Bs´cwkGatμaGjkþI xÞÜyTicGatμa

‘145’

EdlGaRs&ynUvEs|k

EtgTMBasIunUvEs|k

EdlGaRs&ynUvsac´ EtgTMBasIunUvsac´ EdlGaRs&ynUvsrés EtgTMBasIunUvsrés

EdlGaRs&ynUvqÁwg

EtgTMBasIunUvqwÁg

EdlGaRs&yxYrkñúgqÁwg EtgTMBasIunUvxYrkñúgqÁwg vaekIt cas´ søab´ benÞabg´óc©ar; nig bsSav; dak´kñúgsrIrRbeTsenaHÉg .

k*rag

kay CapÞHsMrab´ekIt Cam®nÞIreBTü CasaksB CaéRBsμsan Ca bg<n´ nig CasñÚksMrab´benÞabg´bsSav; énhÚVgdg,ÚvTaMgLayenaH ragkayenHenaH rEmgdl´nUvesckþIsøab´ edaykiriyakMerIk énhVÚg dg,ÚvTaMgLayenaHÉg . mYyeT[t kayenH CaTUeTAdl´hVÚgdg,ÚvTaMgLay 80 hVÚg

GjkþI EkÁbxaMGatμaGjkþI GatμaGjnwgsøab´ GnþrayenaH nwgman dl´GatμaGj eRBaHehtuEtBs´cwkCaedImenaH GatμaGjPøat´dYlkþI PtþEdlGatμaGjbriePaKehIyhl´kþI

kþI esøsμrbs´GatμaGjkeRmIkkþI kgxül´dUcs®sþavuZ rbs´Gatμa Gj keRmIkkþI BYkmnusS Büayamsmøab´GatμaGjkþI BYkGmnusS Büayamsmøab´GatμaGjkþI

EdlmankñúgxageRkA KWstVmanBisTaMgLay manBs´ nig xÞÜy CaedIm k*y¨agdUecñaHEdr . eRb[bdUcCaeRK]gRbharTaMgLay man kUnsr lMEBg p<ak´ nig dMuzμCaedIm EdlmkehIyGMBITisTaMgBYg rEmgZøak´cuH kñúgvg´CaeRK]gkMNt´EdleKtm,l´TukehIy elIpøÚvZM

kayenHenaH rEmgdl´nUvesckþIsøab´

eday

GnþrayenaH

nwg

RBHeyaKavcr Kb|IrlwkesckþIsøab´er]y> edaykayCa TUeTA dl´stVnigbc©&y énesckþIsøab´eRcInRbkar y¨agdUecñHÉg .

‘GZib|ayGakar; TI5’ ‘146’

bTza ²GayuTuBVleta³ esckþIza ZmμtaGayunu@H

minmankMLaMg mankMLaMgexSay .

BitdUecñaHEmn CIvit rbs´stV

TaMgLay Cab´Tak´Tgedayxül´dkdegØImcUlecj 1 Cab´Tak´Tg eday«riyabz 1

Cab´Tak´Tg edayRtCak´ekþA 1

Cab´Tak´Tg

edaymhaPUtrUb 1 Cab´Tak´TgedayGahar 1 . CIvitenHenaH kal:nnUvPaBRbRBwtþieTAesμI énxül´dkdegØIm

EbkCabYn y¨agNaç óbRTBTaMgBYgTaMgLay k*Zøak´cuHelIkay k*y¨agdUecñaHEdr .

GatμaGjnwgsøab´

mandl´GatμaGj eRBaHehtuEtPøat´dYlCaedImenaH ‘1’ ³ .

y¨agNamijç ‘kayenH’ k*CaTUeTAdl´bc©&yTaMgLay énesckþI søab´ EdlRbRBwtþeTABÆd*xagkñúghñwgÉg :ndl´eraKeRcInryCMBUk

Rbmat´rbs´GatμaGjkMerIk

1–

suÇ GMÇ GÇ

PaKTI 48 TMB&rTI 317 .


visuTÆimK< ERb

17

cUl nig xül´dkdegIØmecjhñwgÉg eTIbRbRBwtþeTA:n .

18

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

k*bu¨Enþ

kalebIxül´kñúgRcmuH EdlecjeTAxageRkAehIy mincUlmkxag

RBHeyaKavcr

‘GZib|ayGakar; TI6’ ‘147’ bTza ²Gnimitþeta³ KW edayminmankMNt´ esckþI

eQμaHza søab´ehIy . CIvitenH

kal:nnUvPaBénkiriyaRbRBwtþieTAesμI

za edayminmanénkarkMNt´ .

én«riyabzTaMgLaybYnhñwgÉg eTIbRbRBwtþeTA:n b¨uEnþeRBaHPav;

1 kEnøgsMrab´dak´cuHnUvragkay 1 Kti 1 rbs´

dac´sUnü . CIvitenH

vinas . CIvitenH

kal:nnUvPaBénkiriyaRbRBwtþieTAesμI

énmhaPUtrUbTaMgLayhñwgÉg eTIbRbRBwtþeTA:n bu¨EnþeRBaHbNþa bfvIZatu ß bNþaZatuTaMgLay manGae:ZatuCaedIm ZatuNa mYykeRmIk buK<lsUm|IbribUrehIyedaykMLaMg k*CaGñkmankay rwgRkj¨g´xøH

mankayrlYysÁúyesAhμg

edayGMNacéneraK

kñúgCIvelak

minmannimitþ

KWGñk

NamYy k*dwgmin:nEdr .

bu¨Enþkal

ebIbuK<lRtUvRtCak´éRkeBkkþI ekþAéRkeBkkþI RKbsg,t´ehIy rEmg

mYyeT[t

stVTaMgLay

kal:nnUvPaBénkiriyaRbRBwtþieTAesμI

énRtCak´ nig ekþATaMgLayhñwgÉg eTIbRbRBwtþeTA:n

EmnBit

Zm(TaMgLay 5 enH KW CIvit 1 BüaZi 1 kal

én«riyabzNamYy> ‘RbRBwtþeTA’ hYsRbmaN Gayusg¡ar eTIb

mYyeT[t

edayGayu

mankMLaMgexSay dUc:ner[brab´mkenHÉg .

kñúgvijkþI kalebIxül´EdlcUleTAehIy minecjmkvijkþI buK<l

mYyeT[t

Kb|IrlwkesckþIsøab´er]y>

bNþaZm(TaMgLay 5 enaH eQμaHza CIvit minmannimitþ eRBaHminmankarkMNt´za ²stVKb|Irs´enA Gs´kalmanRbmaN bu¨eNÑHÉg minKb|Irs´enA xagmuxbnÞab´GMBIenHeT³ dUecñHCaedIm . d|itza

stVTaMgLay

søab´kñúgkalEdlxøÜnenACakll;k*man

kñúgkalenACaGm¬úT; Caebsi CaXn; enAkñúgKP(:n 1 Ex :n 2 Ex :n 3 Ex :n 4 Ex :n 5 Ex nig :n 10 Ex k*man kñúg sm&yEdlecjcaképÞk*man bnÞab´BIenaHmk søab´xagkñúg 100 qñaMk*man xageRkA ‘elIsGMBI’ 100 qñaM k*mandUcKñaEdr .

maneraKZøak´QamCaedImxøH manesckþIekþARkhayd*ZMRKbsg,t´xøH

ÉBüaZi eQμaHza minmannimitþ eRBaHminmankiriyakMNt´za

CaGñkmantMN nig cMNgdac´xøH rEmgdl´nUvkarGs´eTAénCIvit .

²stVTaMgLay søab´edayBüaZienHEtbu¨eNÑaH minsøab´edayBüaZi

mYyvijeT[t kalebIbuK<l :nnUvkvLig,arahar kñúgkal d*smKYrbu¨eNÑaH

CIvit

eTIbRbRBwtþeTA:n

bu¨EnþkalebImin:nnUv

Gahar vak*dl´nUvkiriyaGs´eTAEtmþg y¨agenHÉg .

déTeT[teT³ . man

eRBaHza stVTaMgLay søab´edayeraKkñúgEPñk k*

edayeraKNamYy

Rtec[kCaedImk*man .

kñúgcMeNameraKTaMgLay

maneraKkñúg


visuTÆimK< ERb

19

20

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs ‘148’ bTza ²GTÆanbriecäTeta³ esckþIza Zmμtakal én

sUm|Ikal k*eQμaHzaminmannimitþ eRBaHminmankarkMNt´ y¨agenHza ; stVKb|Isøab´ kñúgkalenHÉg minsøab´kñúgkaldéT

CIvit

eLIy .

mnusSNa rs´enAGs´kald*yUr mnusSenaH rs´enARtwmEt 100

eRBaHza stVTaMgLay søab´kñúgeBlRBwkk*man søab´

kñúgeBlNamYy kñúgcMeNameBlézáRtg´CaedImk*man .

rbs´mnusSTaMgLay

kñúgeBl«LÚvenH

manRbmaNticç

qñaM rs´enACag 100 qñaMenH k*manxøHEdr EtticeT .

eRBaHehtu

Ékardak´cuHnUvragkay k*eQμaHza minmannimitþ eRBaHmin

enaH :nCaRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´za ²mñalPikú¡TaMgLay Gayu

mankarkMNt´ y¨agenHza; ²kalstVTaMgLaysøab´eTA ragkay

rbs´mnusSTaMgLayenH ticNas´ stVEdlRtUveTAkan´brelak

Kb|IZøak´cuH kñúgTIenHEtbu¨eNÑaH minZøak´cuHeTA kñúgTIdéTeLIy³ .

KYreZVIkusl

d|itza GtþPaB rbs´buK<lTaMgLay EdlekItehIy xagkñúgpÞH

eQμaHza

Zøak´cuH xageRkApÞHk*man GtþPaB rbs´buK<lTaMgLay EdlekIt

rs´enA Gs´kald*yUr mnusSenaH rs´enA :nRtwmEt 100 qñaM ß

ehIy xageRkApÞH EtgZøak´cuHeTA xagkñúgpÞHk*man .

zycuHmkk*man elIsCagbnþick*man ‘1’ ³ eRBaHehtudUecñH

dUcKñaenaHEdr

edayn&y

KYrRbRBwtþRBhμcriyZm(

minsøab´minmaneLIyç

bNÐit Kb|I ‘BN(na’ o:nBisþar edayRbkarCa

ex¬ImeqÁImGayuenaH buK<lKYrxMRbRBwtþ ‘sucrit’ dUc

EdlekItehIykñúgTwk Zøak´cuH elIeKakk*man .

buK<lEdlePøIgkMBugeqHk|al ‘eRBaH’ dMeNIrmin

ÉKti k*eQμaHza minmannimitþ eRBaHminmankarkMNt´ y¨ag

mk énesckþIsøab´ minmaneT dUecñH .

enHza ; stVEdlcüútcakKtienH Kb|IekItkñúgKtienH . eRBaHza

ekItkñúgelakNamYy

kñúgcMeNam

elakTaMgLaymaneTvelakCaedImk*man eRBaHehtuenHy¨agdUecñH elakEtgvilvl´eTA

kñúgKti

ynþ edIrvilvl´dUecñaHÉg .

5

dUcCaeKaEdleKTwmehIy

kñúg

RBHeyaKavcr Kb|IrlwkesckþIsøab´

er]y> edayCIvitminmannimitþ y¨agenHÉg .

mnusSNa

Gayu rbs´mnusSTaMgLay mantic sb|úrsKYr

elIeKak Zøak´cuHkñúgTwkk*man ßza GtþPaB rbs´stVTaMgLay

EdlcüútcakmnusSelak

mñalPikú¡TaMgLay

‘niKmKaza’

eRcIn dUecñHCaedImza ; GtþPaB rbs´stVTaMgLayEdlekItehIy

stVTaMgLay EdlcüútcakeTvelak ekItkñúgmnusSelakk*man

stVEdlekItmkehIy

RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´eT[tza ²mñalPikú¡TaMgLay er]g Zøab´manmkehIy

manRKU eQμaHGrk;³ dUecñHCaedIm .

RBHsURtEdlRbdab´edayóbma 7 Rbkar TaMgBYg bNÐit Kb|I ‘naMykmkBN(na’ o:nBisþar . RBHGg< RTg´Rtas´RBHsURtdéTeT[t za ²mñalPikú¡TaMgLay r

1–

suÇ

sMÇ

sKÇ

PaKTI 29 TMB&rTI 295 .


visuTÆimK< ERb

21

22

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

Pikú¡Na cMerInmrNsSti edayesckþIRtiHriH y¨agenH za ; eZVIdUc

cMerInmrNsSti edayesckþIRtiHriH y¨agenH za ; eZVIdUcemþchñ@

emþchñ@ oGatμaGj Kb|Irs´enA Gs´yb´nigézá GatμaGj Kb|IeZVI

oGatμaGj Kb|Irs´enA RtwmxN;EdldkdegØImcUl ehIyecj

TukkñúgcitþnUvBaküeRb[nRbedA rbs´RBHmanRBHPaK GatμaGj Kb|I

ß dkdegØImecj ehIycUl GatμaGj Kb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþnUvBakü

eZVIkic©kar o:neRcIn dUecñHkIþç mñalPikú¡TaMgLay Pikú¡Na cMerIn

eRb[nRbedA rbs´RBHmanRBHPaK GatμaGj Kb|IeZVIkic©karo:n

mrNsSti edayesckþIRtiHriH y¨agenHza ; eZVIdUcemþchñ@ oGatμa

eRcIn dUecñHkþIç mñalPikú¡TaMgLay Pikú¡Gm|alenH ehAza minman

Gj Kb|Irs´enA Gs´ 1 ézá

esckþIRbmaTenA

GatμaGj Kb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþ nUvBakü

eRb[nRbedA rbs´RBHmanRBHPaK GatμaGj Kb|IeZVIkic©karo:n eRcIn dUecñHkþIç enH za ;

Pikú¡Na cMerInmrNsSti edayesckþIRtiHriH y¨ag

eZVIdUcemþchñ@ oGatμaGj Kb|Irs´enA Rtwmqan´cgØan´

biNÐ:tmþg GatμaGj Kb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþnUvBaküeRb[nRbedA rbs´ RBHmanRBHPaK GatμaGj Kb|IeZVIkic©karo:neRcIn dUecñHkþIç

Pikú¡

BMnUt elbcUleTA GatμaGj Kb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþnUvBaküeRb[nRbedA rbs´RBHmanRBHPaK GatμaGj Kb|IeZVIkic©karo:neRcIn dUecñHkþIç mñalPikú¡TaMgLay

Pikú¡Gm|alenH

ehAza

manesckþIRbmaTenA

eLIy cMerInmrNsSti edIm|IeZVIoGs´eTAénGasv;TaMgLay yÅt yUreT dUecñHkþIç mñalPikú¡TaMgLay cMENkPikú¡Na cMerInmrNsSti edayesckþIRtiHriH y¨agenHza ;

eZVIdUcemþchñ@ oGatμaGj Kb|I

rs´enA RtwmxN;TMBaBMnUt:y 1 BMnUt elbcUleTA GatμaGj Kb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþ nUvBaküeRb[nRbedA rbs´RBHmanRBHPaK Gatμa Gj Kb|IeZVIkic©karo:neRcIn dUecñHkþIç mñalPikú¡TaMgLay Pikú¡Na

edIm|IoGs´eTAénGasv;TaMg

Lay y¨agqan´rh&s ‘1’ ³ dUecñHÉg . kalénCIvit ticNas´ KWbuK<lminKYrTukcitþ RtwmEtkiriya TMBasIunUvBMnUt:y 4 ß 5 BMnUt y¨agdUecñHÉg . RBHeyaKavcr

Kb|IrlwkesckþIsøab´er]y>

edayCIvit

mankalkMNt´ y¨agenHÉg .

‘GZib|ayGakar; TI8’

Na cMerInmrNsSti edayesckþIRtiHriH y¨agenHza ; eZVIdUcemþc hñ@ oGatμaGj Kb|Irs´enA RtwmxN;TMBaBMnUt:y 4 ß 5

cMerInmrNsSti

‘149’

bTza

²xNbritþeta³

esckþIza

ebItambrmtæ

xN;énCIvit rbs´stVTaMgLay ticeBkNas´ RtwmEtkarRbRBwtþi eTAéncitþEtmYybu¨eNÑaHÉg . eRb[bdUcCakg´rz sUm|IkMBugRbRBwtþ eTA EtgRbRBwtþeTA edayRbeTs énxñgkg´Etm¡agbu¨eNÑaH sUm|I kMBugfitenA

k*rEmgfitenA

edayRbeTsénxñgkg´m¡agbu¨eNÑaHEdr

y¨agNamijç CIvit rbs´stVTaMgLay RbkbedayxN; éncitþ EtmYy k*y¨agdUecñaHEdr kalebIcitþenaHrlt´ehIy stV eKsnμt oeQμaHza rlt´ehIy . smdUcCaRBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´za ²kñúgxN; éncitþCaGtIt; 1– suÇ

GMÇ GÇ

stV eQμaHza rs´enAehIy minrs´enA

PaKTI 48 TMB&rTI 314 .


visuTÆimK< ERb nwgminrs´enA

kñúgxN;

23

éncitþCaGnaKt

stV

24

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

minrs´enAehIy

ZmμCatKYrsegVKpg QanenH CaQanmindl´nUvGb|na dl´Rtwm

minkMBugrs´enA ‘Et’ eQμaHzanwgrs´enA kñúgxN;éncitþCabc©úb|nñ

Etóbc©ar;bu¨eNÑaH. cMENkelakutþrCÄan nig Garub|CÄan TI2 nig

stV minrs´enAehIy ‘Et’ eQμaHza kMBugrs´enA nwgminrs´enA

TI4 dl´Gb|na sUm|IkñúgsPavZm(eRBaHCaPavnaBiess. EmnBit

CIvit GtþPaB sux nig Tuk¡ TaMgGs´ Rbkbeday xN;citþEtmYy eRBaHxN;RbRBwtþrh&sç xnÆTaMg LayNa

rbs´buK<lEdlsøab´eTAkþI

rs´enAkþI

rlt´ehIy kñúgelakenH xnÆTaMgGs´enaH k*dUc Kña eTAbdisnÆieT[tmin:nç stVelak minEmn ekItehIy

edayxnÆCaGnaKt

EdlminTan´ekIt

ehIy minEmnrs´enA kñúgbc©úb|nñeT stVelak søab´ edaykarEbkZøayéncitþ ‘enHKW’ CabJ¦tþi Rbkbedaybrmtæ RBHeyaKavcr

elakutþrCÄan dl´nUvGb|na edayGMNaclMdab´énvisuTÆiPavna . Garub|CÄan dl´Gb|na edayGMNacPavnaEdlknøgnUvGarmμN¾. eRBaHza kñúgGarub|CÄanenaH manRtwmEtkiriyaknøgnUvGarmμN¾ én Qan Edldl´ehIynUvGb|nabu¨eNÑaH . bu¨EnþkñúgmrNsStienH ‘visuTÆiPavnanuk,m; nig GarmμNsmtik,m;’ TaMgBIrenaHÉg minman eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbCaQan dl´RtwmEtóbc©ar;bu¨eNÑaH . Qan enHenaH dl´nUvkarrab´za mrNsSti EmnBit eRBaHPav;énQan enaH CaZmμCatekIteLIgedaykMLaMgénkarrlwkdl´esckþIsøab´ .

‘GanisgSénkarcMerInmrNsSti’

‘1’ ³ dUecñH .

Kb|IrlwkesckþIsøab´er]y>

edayCIvit

manxN;tictYc y¨agdUecñHÉg .

k*Pikú¡EdlRbkber]y> nUvmrNsStienH CaGñkminRbmaT Cab´Canic©

:nnUvGnPirtisJ¦a

kñúgPBTaMgBYg lHbg´nUvesckþI

GaeLaHGal&y kñúgCIvit CaGñktiHed[l:b CaGñkmineRcIn eday

‘mrNsStiCÄan’ kalebIRBHeyaKavcr sUm|Irlwker]y> edayGakar;Na mYy kñúgcMeNamGakar;TaMg 8 enH y¨agdUecñH

citþ rEmg:nnUv

karsnSM

CaGñkmanmnÞil

KWesckþIkMNaj´

kñúgbrik¡arTaMgLay

eTAR:sehIy . sUm|IGnic©sJ¦a k*dl´nUvkarsÞat´CMnaj sMrab´

Gaesvn; ‘karesB’ edayGMNacénkareZVITukkñúgcitþer]y> sti

Pikú¡enaH .

EdlmanesckþIsøab´CaGarmμN¾

nIvrNZm(TaMg

Pikú¡enaH’ tamlMGanénGnic©sJ¦aenaHÉg . stVTaMgLay Edl

Lay rEmgsáb´rmáab´ Gg<QanTaMgLayrEmgekItR:kd . bu¨Enþ

min:nGb´rMGMBIesckþIsøab´ kñúgevlaCitsøab´ rEmgdl´nUvesckþI

rEmgtaMgenAmaM

eRBaHGarmμN¾ ‘rbs´QanenH’ CasPavZm(pg 1–

suÇ xuÇ mhaÇ

PaKTI 64 TMB&rTI 78 .

eRBaHGarmμN¾Ca

mYyeT[t Tuk¡sJ¦a nig GntþsJ¦a rEmgR:kd ‘dl´

xøac esckþItk´søút esckþIvegVg dUcmnusSEdlRtUvRmwKkac yk¡ Bs´

ecar nig eBCÄXat RKbsg,t´ehIy Pøam>

y¨agNamijç


visuTÆimK< ERb

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26

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

Pikú¡enaH mindl´zñak´y¨agenHeT CaGñkminP&y CaGñkminvegVg eZVI

mYyKñaedaymK<b|J¦aenaH’ nig pl ‘Grhtþpl’ . Zm(mYyy¨ag

mrNkal. RbsinebIPikú¡enaH mineRtkGrnUvRBHniBVan kñúgbc©úb|nñ

KWGVI/ KWkayKtasti . mñalPikú¡TaMgLay BYkPikú¡Na briePaK

hñwgeT luHEbkZøayragkaysøab´eTACaGñkmansuKtienAxagmux .

nUvkayKtasti BYkPikú¡enaH eQμaHza briePaKnUvRBHniBVanç mñal

eRBaHehtuenaHÉg buK<lGñkmanR:C\alÁ Kb|IeZVI nUvesckþIminRbmaT

kñúgmrNsSti

GanuPaBeRcIn y¨agenH sBV> kal .

Edlman

enHCakzamux edayBisþar kñúgmrNsSti .

‘kayKtasti’ ‘150’ kñúgkal«LÚvenH kayKtastikmμdðanenaHNa min Zøab´RbRBwtþeTAehIy ev[rcakBuTÆúb|aT minEmnCavis&yénBYktiræIy¾ TaMgBYg EdlRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´sresIrehIy kñúgRBHsURt TaMgLayenaH> edayGakar;eRcInCaGenk y¨agenH za ²mñalPikú¡ TaMgLay ‘1’ Zm(mYyy¨ag EdlbuK<l:ncMerInehIy :neZVIo er]y>ehIy EtgRbRBwtþeTA edIm|IesckþIsegVKeRcIn EtgRbRBwtþ eTA edIm|IesckþIcMerIneRcIn EtgRbRBwtþeTA edIm|IesckþIekSmcak eyaK;eRcIn EtgRbRBwtþeTA edIm|Isti nig sm|CJ¦;eRcIn Etg RbRBwtþeTA edIm|I:ncMeBaHnUvjaNTsSn; EtgRbRBwtþeTA edIm|I enACasuxkñúgbc©úb|nñ EtgRbRBwtþeTA edIm|IeZVIoCak´c|as´ nUvviC¢a ‘bJ¦ad*sm|yutþedaymK<’ vimutþi ‘sm|yutþZm( EdlekItrlt´Ca 1–

suÇ

GMÇ ÉkÇ

PaKTI 40 TMB&rTI 95 .

Pikú¡TaMgLay BYkPikú¡Na minbriePaKnUvkayKtasti BYkPikú¡enaH eQμaHza minbriePaKnUvRBHniBVanç mñalPikú¡TaMgLay kayKtasti EdlBYkPikú¡NabriePaKehIy RBHniBVan k*eQμaHza BYkPikú¡TaMgenaH briePaKEdrç kayKtasti EdlBYkPikú¡Na minbriePaKehIy RBH niBVan k*eQμaHza BYkPikú¡TaMgenaH minbriePaKEdrç kayKtasti rbs´BYkPikú¡Na sabsUnüehIy RBHniBVan rbs´BYkPikú¡TaMgenaH k*eQμaHza sabsUnüEdrç kayKtasti rbs´BYkPikú¡Na minsab sUnüehIy RBHniBVan rbs´BYkPikú¡TaMgenaH k*eQμaHza minsab sUnüEdrç kayKtasti EdlBYkPikú¡Na e:Hbg´ehIy RBHniBVan k*eQμaHza BYkPikú¡TaMgenaH e:Hbg´Edrç kayKtasti EdlBYkPikú¡ Na R:rBÆehIy RBHniBVan k*eQμaHza BYkPikú¡TaMgenaH R:rBÆEdr³ dUecñHCaGaTi¾ RTg´sMEdgecjehIy edayGMNacénbBV;TaMgLay 14 y¨agenH KW Gana:nbBV;1 «riyabzbBV;1 ctusSm|CJ¦bBV;1 bdikUlmnsikarbBV;1 ZatumnsikarbBV;1 sivdðikbBV; 9 edayn&yCaGaTi¾za ²mñalPikú¡TaMgLay k*kayKtasti EdlPikú¡ cMerInehIy etIdUcemþc/ eZVIoeRcInehIy etIdUcemþc eTIbmanpl eRcIn eTIbmanGanisgSeRcInç mñalPikú¡TaMgLay Pikú¡kñúgsasna enH eTAehIykan´éRBß³ dUecñH . nieTÞsénkarcMerInkayKtasti enaH dl´ehIy edaylMdab´ .


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27

‘kayKtastiEdlelakbMNgkñúgTIenH’ bNþabBV; 14 enaH bBV;TaMgLay 3 enH KW«riyabzbBV;

28

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

enAkñúgkayenH qÁwgmanenAkñúgkayenH xYrkñúgqÁwg manenAkñúgkay enH

tMrgenam

manenAkñúgkayenH

ebHdYg

manenAkñúgkayenH

ctusSm|CJ¦; ZatumnsikarbBV; RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´ehIy

ezøIm manenAkñúgkayenH vav manenAkñúgkayenH RkBH manenA

edayGMNacénvibsSna sivdðikbBV; 9 RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´

kñúgkayenH sYt manenAkñúgkayenH eBaHev[nZM manenAkñúgkay

ehIyedayGMNacGaTInvanubsSna

enH eBaHev[nTUc manenAkñúgkayenH GaharzμI manenAkñúgkayenH

hñwgÉg

kñúgvibsSnajaNTaMgLay

mYyeT[t sUm|IsmaZiPavnaNa Kb|IsMerc kñúgGsuP-

kmμdðanTaMgLay

manenAkñúgkayenH

TwkRbmat´

manenAkñúgkayenH

kñúgsivdðikbBV;TaMg

Twkesøsμ manenAkñúgkayenH TwkxÞúH manenAkñúgkayenH TwkQam

enaH smaZiPavnaenaH KWRBHmanRBHPaK RTg´RbkasehIy kñúg

manenAkñúgkayenH TwkejIs manenAkñúgkayenH TwkdM:xøaj´xab´

GsuPnieTÞsÉeNaHç

cMENkÉbBV;Et 2 bu¨eNÑaH KWGana:nbBV;

manenAkñúgkayenH TwkEPñk manenAkñúgkayenH Twkxøaj´ravmanenA

nig bdikUlbBV; KWRBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ehIy edayGMNac

kñúgkayenH Twkmat´ manenAkñúgkayenH TwksMe:r manenAkñúg

énsmaZi ‘Pavna’ kñúgGnusStinieTÞsenHç

bNþabBV;TaMg 2 enaH

kayenH TwkrMGil manenAkñúgkayenH TwkmURt manenAkñúgkay

edayGMNacénGana:nsSti

enH³ dUecñHç TVtþwsakarkmμdðanenH RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´bMNgyk

Gana:nbBV;

manóTÆúmatkkmμdðanCaedIm

Gaharcas´

cat´CakmμdðanepSg

‘kmμdðan’ hñwgÉg eRBaHehtuNaç eRBaHehtuenaH cMENk TVtþwsa-

ehIyza kayKtasti kñúgGnusStinieTÞsenH .

karkmμdðanenaHNa EdlRBHmanRBHPaK RTg´sMEdgehIy eday GMNacénbdikUlmnsikar

se®g<aHykxYrkñúgk|al

edayxYrkñúg

qÁwg y¨agenHza ²mñalPikú¡TaMgLay ‘1’ BaküxagmuxenAmaneT[t Pikú¡BicarNaeXIjc|as´nUvkayenHÉg eLIgeTA

xageRkamtaMgGMBIcugsk´cuHmk

‘GZib|ay:lIkayKtasti’ enH KWCakarsMEdgnUvkarcMerIn kñúgkayKtastikmμdðanenaH EdlmankarBN(na:lInaMmun dUcteTAenH .

xagelItaMgGMBI:teCIg

:f;za ²«emv kayM³ esckþIza nUvkaysÁúy EdlCaTI

manEs|kbiT:MgCMuvij

GaRs&yénmhaPUtrUbenH . :f;za ²óTÆM :Ttla³ esckþIza

eBjeTAedayvtúæminsÁat manRbkarepSg> KW sk´TaMgLay man

xagelIGMBIépÞéneCIg .

enAkñúgkayenH erammanenAkñúgkayenH RkckmanenAkñúgkayenH

xageRkamGMBIcugsk´ . bTza ²tcbriynþM³ esckþIza manEs|k

eZμj manenAkñúgkayenH Es|kmanenAkñúgkayenH srés man 1- suÇ TIÇ mÇ PaKTI 17 TMB&rTI 252 .

:f;za ²GeZa eksmtæka³ esckþIza

rMuB&TÆedayCMuvij . :f;za ²bUrnñanb|karsS Gsuciena bc©evk¡t³i esckþIza

kayenH eBjedayrbs´minsÁat mansk´CaedIm man


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GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

RbkarepSg> . mansMNYrza KWedayRbkardUcemþc/ eqøIyza; KW

mansk´ nig eramCaedIm Kn´emIleTA minmanesrI Edlmankøin

Gtæi «msμw kaey eksa elama nxa .eb. mutþM .

sÁúy nig KYrex¬IméRkElg Etb¨ueNÑaHÉg .

bNþabT

TaMgenaH bTza ²Gtæi³ KW sMviC¢ti ERbzamanenA . bTza ²«msμw³

eRBaHehtuenaH eTIb

RBHGg< RTg´Rtas´za ²Gtæi «msμw kaey eksa elama .eb.

KWkñuúgkayEdlRBHGg<Rtas´za; xagelI GMBI:teCIgeLIgeTA xag

mutþM sk´TaMgLay manenAkñúgkayenH eramTaMgLay manenAkñúg

eRkamGMBIcugsk´cuHmk

kayenH .l. TwkmURt manenAkñúgkayenH ³ dUecñHCaedIm .

sÁatmanRbkarepSg> .

manEs|kB&TÆCMuvij

eBjedayrbs´min

bTza ²kaey³ KWkñúgsrIr; . esckþIza

srIr; elakehAza kay eRBaHCaTIekIténekadðas;TaMgLay man sk´CaedIm nig éneraKrab´ry maneraKkñúgEPñkCaedIm EdlbNÐit KYrex¬Im eRBaHekItmkGMBIrbs´minsÁat .

bTTaMgLayza ²eksa

elama³ CaedImenH KWGakar; 32 mansk´CaedIm .

bNÐitKb|I

RCabsm¬nÆ kñúgbT:lIenaH y¨agenHza ²Gtæi «msμw kaey eksa

Gtæi «msμw kaey elama sk´TaMgLay manenAkñúgkayenH eram TaMgLay manenAkñúgkayenH³ dUecñHCatYy¨ag . EmnBit buK<lNamYy kalBinitüemIl kñúgkelvr;Edl manRbEvg 1 Büam manRbmaNbu¨eNÑHenH KW xagelIcab´edImtaMg GMBI:teCIgeTA xageRkamcab´edImGMBIcugsk´cuHmk edayTIbMput CMuvij cab´edImGMBIEs|k sUm|IedayGakar;sBVy¨ag k*mineXIj

enHCakarBN(na edaybTsm¬nÆ kñúg:lIenaH .

‘PavnanieTÞsénkayKtasti’ k*ÉGaTikmμikkulbuRt cUleTArkklüaNmiRt

GñkR:zñaedIm|IcMerInkmμdðanenH

manRbkardUceBalmkehIy>

Kb|I

er[nyk

nUvkmμdðanenH . cMENkÉklüaNmiRtenaH kaleBalnUvkmμdðan dl´kulbuRtenaH Kb|IR:b´óK<hekaslø edaycMENk 7 nig mnsikarekaslø edaycMENk 10 .

‘óK<hekaslø’ kñúgekaslø TaMg 2 enaH GacarüKb|IR:b´óK<hekaslø edayviZI 7 Ebb y¨agdUecñH KW edayvaca edaycitþ edayB(N edayRTg´RTay edayTis edayOkas ‘nig’ edaybriecäT .

‘pøÚvvaca’ k*kñúgbdikUlmnsikarkmμdðanenH

RBHeyaKavcr

sUm|ICa

nUvPaBCarbs´sÁatNamYy eTaHCaEkvmutþakþI EkvmNIkþI EkvviTUrü

GñkRTRTg´RBHéRtbidk k*Kb|IeZVIkarsVaZüay edayvacaCamunsin

kþI xøwmRkwsñakþI xøwmcnÞn¾RkhmkþI karbUrkþI eTaHCavtæúdéT manlMGit

kñúgkalEdleZVITukkñúgcitþ . eRBaHza kalRBHeyaKavcrBYkxøH eZVI

éneRK]gGb´CaedImkþI sUm|IRtwmEtCaGNUeLIyç

karsVaZüayenaHÉg kmμdðan rEmgR:kd dUckmμdðan R:kd dl´

suTÆEtCarbs´minsÁat

manRbkarepSg>

tamBit eXIj

epSgedayekadðas;

RBHezr;BIrRBHGg< Edl:ner[nkmμdðan kñúgsMNak´ énRBHmha-


visuTÆimK< ERb eTvetær GñkGaRs&yenAkñúgRsukeQμaHmly; .

31 :n»mkza RBH

ezr; RtUvRBHezr;TaMgBIrGg<enaH sUmer[nnUvkmμdðanehIy :no nUv:lI kñúgTVtþwsakarkmμdðan edayR:b´za ²GñkTaMgLay cUreZVI nUvkarsVaZüayenHÉg rhUt 4 Ex³ .

zVIebIRBHezr;TaMg2 rUbenaH

sÞat´CMnajBIr bI nikay k*BitEmnehIy k*bu¨EnþRBHezr;TaMgBIrrUb enaH ‘enAEtxitxM’ sVaZüay nUvTVtþwsakar; Gs´ 4 Ex eTIb:n ‘sMerc’ CaesatabnñbuK<l eRBaHelakCaGñkTTYlyk ‘nUvOvaT’ edayeKarBEmnBit . eRBaHehtuenaH GacarüGñkeBalnUvkmμdðan Kb|IR:b´Genþvasikza ²RKadMbUg cUrGñkeZVIkarsVaZüay edayvaca Camun³ .

k*kalGenþvasikeZVI Kb|IkMNt´ nUvtcbJ©kkmμdðanCaedIm ‘kmμdðanEdlmanEs|kCaKRmb´R:M’ ehIyeZVIkarsVaZüay eday GMNacGnuelam nig bdielam . KWKb|IeBalza ²eksa elama

nxa Tnþa ceta sk´ eram Rkck eZμj Es|k³ dUecñHehIy eBal edaybdielameT[t za ²teca Tnþa nxa elama eksa Es|k eZμj Rkck eram sk´³ dUecñH . Genþvasik

‘mantMrgenamCaKRmb´R:M’ za ²mMsM

Kb|IeBal

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

Rkck eram sk´³ dUecñH . bnÞab´BIenaHmk Genþvasik Kb|IeBal

kñúgb:ösbJ©k;

‘mansYtCaKRmb´R:M’ za ²hTyM yknM kielamkM bihkM b:ösM ebHdUg ezøIm vav RkBH sYt³ dUecñHehIy eBaledaybdielam eT[tza ²b:ösM bihkM kielamkM yknM hTyM vk,M GdðimiJ¢M GdðI

nharU mMsM teca Tnþa nxa elama eksa sYt RkBH vav ezøIm ebHdUg tMrgenam xYrkñúgqÁwg qÁwg srés sac´ Es|k eZμj Rkck eram sk´³ dUecñH . bnÞab´BIenaHmk Genþvasik Kb|IeBal kñúgmtælug<bJ©k; ‘manxYrkñúgk|alCaKRmb´R:M’ za ²GnþM GnþKuNM óTriyM krIsM

‘viZIsVaZüay’

bnÞab´GMBIenaHmk

32

kñúgvk,bJ©k;

nharU GdðI GdðimiJ¢M vk,M

mtælug<M eBaHev[nZM eBaHev[ntUc GaharzμI Gaharcas´ xYrkñúg k|al³ dUecñHehIy eBaledaybdielameT[tza ²mtælug<M krIsM

óTriyM GnþKuNM GnþM b:ösM bihkM kielamkM yknM hTyM vk,M GdðimiJ¢M GdðI nharU mMsM teca Tnþa nxa elama eksa xYrkñúg k|al Gaharcas´ GaharzμI eBaHev[ntUc eBaHev[nZM sYt RkBH vav ezøIm ebHdUg tMrgenam xYrkñúgqÁwg qÁwg srés sac´ Es|k eZμj Rkck eram sk´³ dUecñH . bnÞab´BIenaHmk Genþvasik Kb|IeBal kñúgemTcäk,; ‘man

sac´ srés qÁwg xYrkñúgqÁwg tMrgenam³ dUecñHehIy eBaleday

TwkdM:rxøaj´xab´CaKRmb´R:MmYy’ za ²bitMþ esmØM bueBVa elahitM

bdielameT[tza ²vk,M GdðimiJ¢M GdðI nharU mMsM teca Tnþa nxa

esaeTa emeTa TwkRbmat´ Twkesøsμ TwkxÞúH TwkQam TwkejIs

elama eksa tMrgenam xYrkñúgqÁwg qÁwg srés sac´ Es|k eZμj

TwkdM:rxøaj´xab´³ dUecñHehIyeBaledaybdielameT[tza ²emeTa


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34

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

eseTa elahitM bueBVa esmØM bitMþ mtælug<M krIsM óTriyM GnþKuNM

edaykarsVaZüay edayvaca ‘y¨agenH’ reb[bkmμdðan rEmgsÞat´

GnþM b:ösM bihkM kielamkM yknM hTyM vk,M GdðimiJ¢M GdðI

CMnaj citþ minsÞúHeTA xagenaHpg xagenHpg ekadðas;TaMgLay

nharU mMsM teca Tnþa nxa elama eksa TwkdM:rxøaj´xab´

rEmgR:kd KWR:kd dUcCaCYrénRmamédpg dUcCaCYréneCIgrbg

TwkejIs

pg y¨agenaHÉg .

TwkQam

TwkxÞúH

Twkesøsμ

TwkRbmat´

xYrkñúgk|al

‘citþ-BN(-RTg´RTay-Tis-Okas-briecäT’

Gaharcas´ GaharzμI eBaHev[ntUc eBaHev[nZM sYt RkBH vav ezøIm

k*RBHeyaKI eZVIkarsVaZüay edayvaca y¨agNaç sUm|I

ebHdUg tMrgenam xYrkñúgqÁwg qÁwg srés sac´ Es|k eZμj Rkck eram sk´³ dUecñH .

edaycitþ k*Kb|IeZVIkarsVaZüay k*y¨agdUecñaHEdr . eRBaHza kar

bnÞab´GMBIenaHmk

Genþvasik

Kb|IeBal

kñúgmutþcäk,;

‘manTwkmURtCaKRmb´R:MmYy’ za ²GsSú vsa exeLa sig¹alika

lsika mutþM

sVaZüayedayvaca k*Cabc©&yénkarsVaZüay edaycitþEdr . kar sVaZüayedaycitþ k*Cabc©&yénkarcak´ZøúHnUvlk¡N; . ‘151’ Baküza ²vNÑeta edayBN(³ KWRBHeyaKI Kb|I

TwkEPñk Twkxøaj´rav Twkmat´ TwksMe:r TwkrMGil

TwkmURt³ dUecñHehIy eBaledaybdielameT[tza ²mutþM lsika

kMNt´BN(énekadðas; ‘cMENk’ TaMgLay mansk´CaedIm . Baküza ²sNðaneta edayRTg´RTay³ KWRBHeyaKI Kb|I

sig¹alika exeLa vsa GsSú emeTa eseTa elahitM bueBVa esmØM bitMþ mtælug<M krIsM óTriyM GnþKuNM GnþM b:ösM bihkM

kMNt´RTg´RTay énekadðasTaMgenaHÉg .

kielamkM yknM hTyM vk,M GdðimiJ¢M GdðI nharU mMsM teca Tnþa

Baküza ²Tiseta edayTis³ GZib|ayza kñúgsrIr;enH

nxa elama eksa TwkmURt TwkrMGil TwksMe:r TwkRbmat´

xagelIp©iteLIgeTA CaTisxagelI xageRkamp©itcuHmk CaTisxag

Twkxøaj´rav TwkEPñk TwkdM:rxøaj´xab´ TwkejIs TwkQam TwkxÞúH

eRkam

Twkesøsμ TwkRbmat´ xYrkñúgk|al Gaharcas´ GaharzμI eBaHev[n

‘man’ kñúgTiseQμaHenH³ .

tUc eBaHev[nZM sYt RkBH vav ezøIm ebHdUg tMrgenam xYrkñúgqÁwg qÁwg srés sac´ Es|k eZμj Rkck eram sk´³ dUecñH .

dgkþI

1ç000 dgkþI

100ç000 dgkþI .

Baküza ²Okaseta

edayOkas³ esckþIza RBHeyaKI

Kb|IkMNt´Okas énekadðasenaH> y¨agenHza ²ekadðasenH fit

Genþvasik Kb|IeZVIkarsVaZüay edayvaca y¨agdUecñH Gs´ eBl 100

eRBaHehtuenaH RBHeyaKIKb|IkMNt´Tis za ²ekadðasenH

eRBaHza

enAehIy kñúgOkaseQμaHenH³ . Baküza ²briecäTeta edaybriecäT³ GZib|ayza karkMNt´


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36

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

‘mnsikarekaslü’

BIrKWkarkMNt´nUvcMENkesμIKña1 karkMNt´nUvcMENkminesμIKña1 . bNþakarkMNt´TaMg 2 enaH bNÐitKb|IRCabkarkMNt´nUvcMENk

Gacarü Kb|IR:b´mnsikarekaslü edayvZI 10 y¨ag

esμIKña y¨agenHza ²ekadðasenH KWelak:nkMNt´ehIy eday

dUecñH KW edaylMdab´ edayminel]neBk edayminsnSwmeBk

cMENkeQμaHenH TaMgxageRkam TaMgxagelI TaMgTTwg³ dUecñH .

edaykiriyakarBarnUvesckþIraymay

bNÐit Kb|IRCabkarkMNt´nUvcMENkminesμIKña edayGMNacPaB

edaykarlHbg´nUvlMdab´ edayGb|na nig edaysURtbI .

minlayKña y¨agenHza ²sk´TaMgLay KWminEmnCaeram sUm|I

‘mnsikaredaylMdab´’ bTza ²GnubuBVeta edaylMdab´³ kñúgmnsikarekaslü 10

eramTaMgLay k*minEmnCask´Edr³ dUecñHCatYy¨ag .

‘kic©EdlKYrdwgmunnwgR:b´óK<hekaslü’ ‘152’

edaykarknøgnUvbJ¦tþi

k*ÉGacarü kalR:b´óK<hekaslü edayviZI 7

enaH GZib|ayza kmμdðanenH RBHeyaKIKb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþ eday lMdab´lMeday cab´edImGMBIkareZVInUvkarsVaZüay minKYreZVITukkñúg

y¨ag dUceBalmkenH Kb|Idwgza ²kmμdðanenH KWRBHmanRBHPaK

citþ edaykarepøaHrMlg 1 eLIy .

Rtas´ehIy

kñúgsURtÉenaH

Tukkñúgcitþ edaykarepøaHrMlg 1 nwgmancitþlM:k rEmgZøak´cuH

Rtas´edayGMNacCaZatu kñúgsURtÉenaH³ ehIyR:b´cuH . Emn

eRBaHkiriyamin:nnUvesckþIrIkray EdlxøÜnRtUv:n edayGMNac

Bit kmμdðanenH kñúgmhastibdðansURt RTg´Rtas´ edayGMNac

énPavnasm|tþi minjúaMgPavnaosMerc eRb[bdUcCabursEdlmin

Carbs´bdikUlhñwgÉg

kñúgmharahu-

Qøasév kaleLIgkan´begÁag mankaM 32 edaykarepøaHrMlg 1

elavaTsURt nig kñúgZatuviPg<sURt RTg´Rtas´ edayGMNacCa

kaM mankaylM:k rEmgZøak´cuH minjúaMgkareLIg o:nsMerc

Zatu .

eLIy k*dUecñaHÉg .

edayGMNacCarbs´bdikUlhñwgÉg

kñúgmhahtæibeTabmsURt

cMENkkñúgkayKtastisURt RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´cMENk

Qan4 eRBaHsMedAykbuK<lEdlekadðasmansk´CaedIm R:kd c|as´ ‘dl´eK’ edayBN( . kñúgkmμdðan 2 y¨agenaH kmμdðan

eRBaHza

kalRBHeyaKIeZVI

‘mnsikaredayminel]neBk’ k*sUm|IRBHeyaKI kaleZVIkarTukkñúgcitþ edaylMdab´ Kb|I

cat´CavibsSnakmμdðan

eZVITukkñúgcitþ edayminoel]neBkEdr . eRBaHza kalRBHeyaKI

EdlRTg´Rtas´ edayGMNacCarbs´bdikUl cat´Casmzkmμdðan

eZVITukkñúgcitþ edayel]nhYseBk kmμdðan rEmgdl´nUvTIbMputPøam

kmμdðankñúgbdikUlmnsikarbBV;enHnu@H cat´CasmzkmμdðanEmnBit

k*BitEmnehIy k*bu¨Enþ kmμdðan minR:kd minnaMKuNviessmko

GacarüKb|IR:b´óK<hekaslüedayviZI7 Ebb dUceBalmkenH .

eRb[bdUcCaburskaledIrpøÚv Gs´cmáay 3 eyaCn¾ min:nkMNt´

EdlRBHGg<Rtas´

edayGMNacCaZatu


visuTÆimK< ERb

37

38

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

nUvkarQancuHeTA nig karlHbg´ ehIyeZVIKmnaKmn¾ sUm|IGs´

Zøak´ç ‘eCIg’ Kb|IPøat´GMBIpøÚvenaH Zøak´cuHeTAkñúgeRCaHEdlmanCeRmA

var; 7 dg edaysnÞúHy¨agel]n pøÚvk*dl´nUvTIbJ©b´ k*BitEmn

100 snÞÚgburs dUecñaHÉg .

ehIy k*bu¨Enþza bursenaH RtUvEtsYrpøÚv ‘eK’ Camunsin swmeTA

Tukkñúgcitþ edaykarkarBaresckþIraymaypg .

k*dUecñaHÉg . eRBaHehtuenaH RBHeyaKIKb|IeZVIkarsVaZüay eday minel]nhYseBk .

‘mnsikaredayminsnSwmhYseBk’

eRBaHehtuenaH RBHeyaKI Kb|IeZVI

‘mnsikaredayrMlgnUvbJ¦tþi’ bTza ²bNÑtþismtik,mneta edayrMlgnUvbJ¦tþi³ esckþI za bJ¦tþi za ²eksa elama³ dUecñHCaedIm enHNa RBHeyaKavcr

mYyeT[t RBHeyaKIKb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþ edayminsnSwmhYs

Kb|IrMlg nUvbJ¦tþienaHehIy tm,l´citþza ²bdikUl³ . dUcCakñúg

eBk eRb[bdUcCaeZVITukkñúgcitþ edayminel]nhYseBk k*y¨agenaH

eBlEdlTwkrk:nedaykRm mnusSTaMgLay eXIjGNþÚgTwk

Edr . eRBaHza kalRBHeyaKIeZVITukkñúgcitþ edaysnSwmhYseBk

kñúgéRBehIy cgnUvvtæúNamYy mansøwketñatCaedImhñwgÉg TukCa

kmμdðan mindl´nUvTIbMput minCabc©&yo:nseRmcnUvKuNviess

eRK]gsMKal´ kñúgTIenaH ehIyk*mktameRK]gsMKal´enaH gUtpg

dUcCakalbursR:zña edIm|IedIreTAkan´pøÚvRbEvg 3 eyaCn¾ kñúgézá

pwkpgç EtkñúgeBlNa edaykarRtac´eTACaer]y> énmnusSTaMg

enaHÉg enAbEgÁrbgÁg´ kñúgTITaMgLaymanedImeQI PñM nig RsH Ca

LayenaH sñameCIgmnusSEdlmkehIy> rEmgR:kdç kñúgeBl

edIm kñúgcenøaHpøÚvç pøÚvmindl´nUvTIbMput edayBIrbIézá eTIbdl´TI

enaH minmankic©edayeRK]gsMKal´eT[teTç mnusSTaMgLay Etg

bMput dUecñaHÉg .

eTAgUt nig pwkTwk kñúgeBlEdlxøÜnRtUvkarehIy> y¨agNamijç

‘mnsikaredaykarkarBaresckþIraymay’

kalRBHeyaKavcr eZVITukkñúgcitþ edayGMNacénbJ¦tiþza ²eksa

bTza ²viek¡bb|diBahneta edaykarkarBarnUvesckþIray

elamaÇÇdz dUecñH kñúgcMENkxagedImç PaBCabdikUl rEmgR:kd

may³ esckþIza karEdlcitþlHbg´nUvkmμdðanehIyraymay kñúg

tmk RBHeyaKavcr Kb|IrMlgecalnUvbJ¦tþi za ²eksa elama³

GarmμN¾d*Rkas´BÆd*xageRkA RBHeyaKIKb|IkarBar . eRBaHza kal

dUecñHehIy tm,l´citþTuk kñúgPaBCabdikUlEtmüa¨g y¨agenaHÉg .

ebIminkarBareT kalebIesckþIraymay BÆd*xageRkAman kmμdðan

‘mnsikaredaykarlHbg´nUvlMdab´’

rEmgsabsUnü rEmg:t´bg´eTA eRb[bdUcCakalbursedIreTAkan´

bTza ²GnubuBVmuJ©neta edaylHbg´lMdab´³ manesckþI

pøÚvEk|reRCaH CapøÚvedIreTAEteCIgm¡ag minkMNt´eCIgEdlRtUvQan

za ekadðas; ‘cMENk’ Na> minR:kd .

eTA rvl´EtEbremIleTAxagnu@Hpg xagenHpg var;éneCIg rEmgPøat´

lHbg´ecalnUvekadðas;enaH> eQμaHza eZVITukkñúgcitþ

RBHeyaKavcr Gñk edaylH


visuTÆimK< ERb bg´nUvlMdab´ .

39

k*kalGaTikmμikbuK<l eZVITukkñúgcitþza ²eksa³

mnsikar k*eTATl´nwgekadðasTIbMputKW ²mutþM³ enHEtmþg fitenA nig kalRBHeyaKavcr eZVITukkñúgcitþza ²mutþM³ mnsikar k*eTATl´ nwgekadðas xagedIm KW ²eksa³ enHdUcKña .

RKaenH kalRBH

eyaKavcrenaH eZVITukkñúgcitþ> ekadðasTaMgLayxøH rEmgR:kd

40

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

eRK]gjúaMgBaküóbmaodl´RBmenH bNÐitKb|IRCaby¨agenHÉg. enHCaBaküeRK]geRb[beZ[b edayesckþIóbma kñúgGZikarenH . ekadðasTaMgLay 32 kñúgkayenH dUcCaedImetñat 32 edIm kñúgéRBetñat y¨agdUecñaHÉg . citþdUcCastVsVa . RBHeyaKavcr dUcCaRBan .

kiriyaRtac´eTAtamlMdab´ edayGMNac én

ekadðasTaMgLayxøH rEmgminR:kd . ekadðasTaMgLayNa>

GarmμN¾ kñúgkayEdlmancMENk 32 éncitþ rbs´RBHeyaKI dUc

R:kdç RBHeyaKavcr Kb|IeZVIkargar kñúgekadðasTaMgLayenaH>

Cakarrs´enAkñúgéRBetñatEdlmanedImetñat 32 edIm énstVsVa .

rhUtdl´kalekadðasTaMgLayBIr

karEdl

R:kd

bNþaekadðasTaMgBIr

kalRBHeyaKI

cab´epþImR:rBÆeZVITukkñúgcitþza

²eksa³

k*kalRBH

ehIy citþ Rtac´eTAtamlMdab´ fitenA kñúgcMENkCaTIbMputhñwgÉg

eyaKavcr eZVITukkñúgcitþCaer]y> nUvekadðasenaHÉg EdlR:kd

dUcCakarEdl kalRBanyksr:j´søwketñat EdlfitenA xag

ehIyy¨agenH Kb|IjúaMgGb|na oekIteLIg:n .

edIm ehIyeZVIsMeLgERsksg¹k sVak*elat elIedImetñatenaH>

enaH ekadðasNamYy R:kdCak´c|as´edayRbéB .

enHCaóbma kñúgkarlHbg´nUvlMdab´enaH eRb[bdUcCanay

ehIyeTAkan´edImetñatCaTIbMput . n&ysUm|IkñúgkarRtLb´vijeT[t

RBan R:zñaedIm|Inwgcab´stVsVa Edlrs´enAkñúgéRBetñat Edlman

k*dUcn&yenHEdr .

karEdl

kalRBHeyaKI eZVITukkñúgcitþer]y>

edImetñat 32 edIm yksr:j´søwketñat EdlfitenA xagedIm

nakalekadðas;TaMgLayxøH> R:kdehIy lHbg´ekadðas;TaMg

ehIyeZVInUvsMeLgsg¹kç

kalebIdUecñaH stVsVaenaH k*elateTA

LayEdlminTan´R:kd ehIyeZVInUvbrikmμ kñúgekadðas;TaMgLay

elIedImetñatenaH> tamlMdab´ rhUtelateTAdl´edImetñat CaTI

EdlR:kdehIy dUcCakarEdlstVsVaeTAtamlMdab´ ‘edImetñat’

bMputEtmþgç kalebIedImetñatTaMgenaH RBaneTAeZVIy¨agenaHdEdl

er]y> elateLIgkñúgTIEdlRBanERsksg¹kehIy> . karEdl

kñúgTIenaHç stVsVa k*mkkan´edImetñatxagedIm edayn&yenaHÉg

kalekadðas;TaMgLay 2 R:kdehIy kñúgTIbMput ekadðas;Na

mþgeT[t stVsVaenaH eTAtamlMdab´er]y> y¨agenH elateLIg

R:kdCak´c|as´edaylÁ RBHeyaKavcr eZVITukkñúgcitþ nUvekadðas;

kñúgTIEdlRBansg¹k> hñwgÉg lb> eTARkabelIedImetñatmYy

enaHÉger]y> ehIyjúaMgGb|na oekIteLIg dUcCakarEdlstV

edIm ehIycab´søwketñatRkBMu Rtg´kNþaledImetñatenaH y¨agmaMlÁ

sVaRkab elIedImetñatmYyedIm tamlMdab´ehIy cab´nUvsøwketñat

eTaHCaRtUvRBan:j´k*minelateLIg y¨agNaç Baküóbemyü Ca

RkBMuRtg´kNþaledImetñatenaH y¨agmaMlÁ eTaHCaRBan:j´

k*min


visuTÆimK< ERb

41

42

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

‘mnsikaredayGb|na’

elateLIg dUecñaHÉg . óbmadéTeT[t eRb[bdUcCaPikú¡GñkmankarRtac´eTAbiNÐ:t

bTza ²Gb|naeta edayGb|na³ KW edayekadðasEdl

CaRbRktI cUleTAGaRs&ynUvRsukmanRtkUl 32 :nPik¡a 2 kñúg

naMoekItGb|na .

pÞHCadMbUghñwgÉg ehIyKb|IlHbg´nUvPik¡a 1 kñúgpÞHxagmux EsÁk

RCabza kñúgekadðasTaMgLay mansk´CaedIm Gb|na man kñúg

eLIg :nPik¡a 3 ehIyKb|IlHbg´nUvPik¡a 2 kñúgpÞHxagmux kñúgézá

ekadðasmYy>³ dUecñH .

TI3 :nPik¡aeBj:Rt kñúgpÞHxagedImenaHÉg eTAkan´Gasnsala

‘153’

enHCaGZib|ay kñúgbTenaH za ²bNÐitKb|I

enHCaGZib|ay kñúgbTza ²k*sURt 3³ enaH sURt

ehIyqan´ y¨agNamijç Baküóbemyü CaeRK]gjúaMgóbma o

3 enH KW ; GZicitþsURt sItiPavsURt eBaCgÄg<ekaslsURt

dl´RBmenH bNÐitKb|IRCab k*y¨agenaHÉg .

RBHeyaKavcr Kb|IRCab edIm|IRbkbvIriysmaZi .

k*Gakar; 32 dUc

CaRsukmanRtkUl 32 . RBHeyaKavcr dUcCabiNÐ:tikPikú¡ .

‘GZicitþsURt’

karEdlRBHeyaKavcr eZVIkarbrikmμ nUvGakar; 32 dUcCakarcUl

bNþasURtTaMg 3 enaH sURtenHza ²mñalPikú¡TaMgLay

eTAenAGaRs&yRsukenaH énPikú¡enaH . karEdl kalRBHeya-

Pikú¡GñkRbkbnUvGZicitþehIy RtUveZVITukkñúgcitþnUvnimitþ 3 y¨ag kñúg

Kavcr eZVITukkñúgcitþ> lHbg´nUvekadðas;TaMgLay EdlminR:kd

kald*KYr KW RtUveZVITukkñúgcitþnUvsmaZinimitþ kñúgkald*KYr 1 RtUv

ehIy eZVInUvkarbrikmμ kñúgekadðas;TaMgLay EdlR:kdehIy>

eZVITukkñúgcitþ nUvbK<ahnimitþ kñúgkald*KYr 1 RtUveZVITukkñúgcitþ nUv

rhUtdl´ekadðas;

GñkmankiriyaRtac´eTA

óebk¡animitþ kñúgkald*KYr1 . mñalPikú¡TaMgLay ebIPikú¡GñkRbkb

biNÐ:tCaRbRktI :nPik¡a 2 kñúgpÞHCadMbUgehIy lHbg´nUvPik¡a1

er]y> nUvGZicitþ Kb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþ nUvsmaZinimitþ EtmYycMENk

kñúgpÞHxagmux nig dUcCakñúgézá TI2 :nnUvPik¡a 3 ehIylHbg´nUv

ehtuenaH Kb|InaMcitþoRbRBwtþeTA edIm|IesckþIxi¢lRcGUs . mñal

Pik¡a 2 kñúgpÞHxagmux .

Pikú¡TaMgLay ebIPikú¡GñkRbkber]y> nUvGZicitþ Kb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþ

2

dUcCakarEdlPikú¡

karEdl bNþaekadðas;TaMgLay 2

ekadðas;Na R:kdCak´c|as´edaylÁ RBHeyaKavcr eZVITukkñúg

nUvbK<ahnimitþ EtmYycMENk

ehtuenaH Kb|InaMcitþ oRbRBwtþeTA

citþ nUvekadðas;enaHÉger]y> ehIyjúaMgGb|na oekIteLIg dUc

edIm|IesckþIraymay . mñalPikú¡TaMgLay ebIPikú¡GñkRbkber]y>

CakñúgézáTI3 karEdlPikú¡GñkmankarRtac´eTAbiNÐ:tCaRbRktI :n

nUvGZicitþ Kb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþnUvóebk¡animitþ EtmYycMENk ehtuenaH

nUvPik¡aeBj:Rt kñúgpÞHxagedImhñwgÉg ehIyKg´qan´ elIGasn-

Kb|InaMcitþminotaMgmaM edayRbéB edIm|IkarGs´eTAénGasv;TaMg

sala y¨agdUecñaHÉg .

Lay. mñalPikú¡TaMgLay kalNa Pikú¡GñkRbkbnUvGZicitþ rEmg


visuTÆimK< ERb

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44

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

eZVITukkñúgcitþ nUvsmaZinimitþ bK<ahnimitþ óebk¡animitþ kñúgkald*KYr

nUvcitþ edIm|IZm(EdlRtUveZVIoCak´c|as´ edayR:C\ad*ótþm Na>

eTIbcitþenaHk*Tn´ KYrdl´Pavnakmμ CacitþPøWepøk minrwg taMgmaMeday

kalebIehtuman rEmgdl´nUvPaBKYrCabnÞal´ kñúgZm(enaH> edIm|I

RbéB edIm|IGs´eTAénGasv;TaMgLay:n .

eZVIoCak´c|as´ edayR:C\ad*ótþm ‘1’ ³ dUecñH

mñalPikú¡TaMgLay

dUcCaCagmaskþI sisSCagmaskþI cat´Ecg:v luHcat´Ecg:vrYc

bNÐit Kb|IRCab

za eQμaHGZicitþsURt .

‘sItiPavsURt’

ehIy k*dutmat´:v luHdutnUvmat´:vrYcehIy k*ykdeg,{bez,{b masdak´ kñúgmat´:v ehIysb´ kñúgkald*KYr bMRBMTwk kñúgkal

sURtenHza ²mñalPikú¡TaMgLay Pikú¡ RbkbRBmedayZm( 6

d*KYr sMLwgemIlkñúgkald*KYr . mñalPikú¡TaMgLay ebICagmaskIþ

y¨ag CaGñkKYredIm|IeZVIoCak´c|as´ nUvesckþIRtCak´citþ d*ótþm .

sisSCagmaskIþ Kb|Isb´EtmasenaH mYycMENk ehtuenaH Ca

Zm( 6 y¨ag etIGVIxøH/

ehtueZVIomaseqHrlYyeTA . mñalPikú¡TaMgLay ebICagmaskIþ

EdlKYrsg,t´sg,in kñúgeBlNa k*sg,t´sg,incitþ kñúgeBlenaH1

sisSCagmaskIþ bMRBMEtmasenaHedayTwk mYycMENk ehtuenaH

citþEdlKYrp<geLIg kñúgeBlNa k*p<gcitþeLIgkñúgeBlenaH 1 citþ

CaehtueZVIomasRtCak´. mñalPikú¡TaMgLay ebICagmaskIþ sisS

EdlKYreZVIorIkray kñúgeBlNa k*eZVIocitþrIkraykñúgeBlenaH 1

CagmaskIþ sMLwgemIlEtmasenaH mYycMENk ehtuenaHCaehtu

citþEdlKYreZVIoRBegIy kñúgeBlNa k*eZVIcitþoRBegIy kñúgeBl

eZVIminomasqÁinsBVsac´:n . mñalPikú¡TaMgLay k*kalNa

enaH 1 CaGñksøúgcuHeTA kñúgZm(d*ézøzøa 1 eRtkGr kñúgRBHniBVan 1ç

CagmaskþI sisSCagmaskþI sb´masenaH kñúgkald*KYr bMRBM

mñalPikú¡TaMgLay

edayTwk kñúgkald*KYr sMLwgemIl kñúgkald*KYrehIy eTIbmas

edIm|IeZVIoCak´c|as´ nUvesckþIRtCak´citþd*ótþm ‘2’ ³ dUecñH bNÐit

enaHeTACamasd*Tn´

Kb|IRCabza eQμaHsItiPavsURt .

KYrdl´kargar

Camasmansm|úrPøWepøk

min

RsYy KYrbegÁaneTA edIm|Ikargar edayRbéBpgç ebIeKR:zñaeRK]g

mñalPikú¡TaMgLay Pikú¡kñúgsasnaenH

Pikú¡ RbkbedayZm( 6 y¨agenHÉg

citþ

CaGñkKYr

‘eBaCÄg<ekasløsURt’

Rbdab´Ebøk> Na> eTaHCadM:rmaskþI kNÐlkþI eRK]gRbdab´-k

cMENkstþeBaCÄg<sURt EdlRBHmanRBHPaK RTg´sMEdg

kþI kRmgmaskþI rEmgseRmcRbeyaCn¾enaH> :n y¨agNamijç

ehIyhñwgÉg kñúgGb|naekasløkza za ²mñalPikú¡TaMgLay citþ

mñalPikú¡TaMgLay

CaZmμCatirYjra kñúgsm&yNa kalenaH CakalminKYr edIm|IcMerIn

Pikú¡GñkRbkber]y>

nUvGZicitþ

RtUveZVITukkñúg

citþenaH rEmgtaMgmaM

nUvbsSTÆieBaCÄg< kñúgsm&yenaH y¨agenHÉgÇÇdz dUecñHCaedIm .

edayRbéB edIm|IkarGs´eTAénGasv;TaMgLayç buK<lbegÁaneTA

1– suÇ GMÇ tiÇ PaK 41 TMB&r 385. 2– GMÇ qÇ PaK 46 TMB&r 309 .

citþnUvnimitþ 3 y¨ag kñúgkald*KYr

.l.


visuTÆimK< ERb

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46

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

kmμdðan KWRBHeyaKIenaH eZVInUvóK<hekaslü 7 RbkarenH

EdlZøak´ehIy kñúg‘Ekv’Twk ß EdlZøak´ehIy kñúg‘can’bbr rwt

o:ny¨aglÁehIypg kMNt´mnsikarekaslü 10 RbkarenH

EtKYrNas´eTAeT[t. RBHeyaKI eXIjkñúgeBlEdlsk´exμAehIy

edayRbéBpg tamn&yEdleBalmkenH ehIyKb|Ier[n o:n

Kb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþ za sk´TaMgLayexμAç eXIj kñúgeBlEdlsk´

lÁRbesIr edayGMNacénekaslüTaMgBIrRbkar .

s ehIyKb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþ za sk´TaMgLay-s .

EtRBHeyaKI

‘eXIj’ kñúgkalénsk´layKña k*Kb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþ edayGMNac

‘munnwgepþImkmμdðan’ k*RbsinNaebIRBHeyaKavcrenaH manesckþIsb|ay kñúg

énsk´Rkas´ . k*RBHeyaKI eXIjkñúgsk´TaMgLayehIykan´yk

vtþEtmYyhñwgÉg CamYynwgGacarüç RBHeyaKacvrenaH k*minRtUv

nUvnimitþ y¨agNaç sUm|Ikñúgekadðas; EdlmanRkck CaKRmb´ 5

oGacarüsMEdgR:b´ edayBisþar y¨agenHeLIy Rbkbkmμdðan

TaMgmUl RKan´EteXIjehIy k*Kb|Ikan´yknimitþ k*y¨agenaHEdr .

er]y> :nnUvKuNviesseRscehIy swmoelakGacarüsMEdg

luHRBHeyaKI kan´yknUvnimitþy¨agenHehIy Kb|IkMNt´nUvcMENk

R:b´ kñúgzñak´x¬s´eLIg> . ‘b¨uEnþ’ RBHeyaKavcr manR:zñacg´enA

TaMgBYgTaMgLay edayGMNacBN( RTg´RTay Tis Okas nig

kñúgTIdéT RtUvoGacarüdMEdgR:b´ o:nBisþar edayviZIdUcEdl

briecäTehIy kMNt´PaBénGakar; za Carbs´bdikUl 5 Rbkar

eyIgeBalmkehIy

edayGMNacénBN( RTg´RTay køin TIenAGaRs&y nig Okas .

ERbRbYler]y>

kat´pþac´nUvTIEdlsgS&y

TaMgGs´ecjehIy lHbg´nUvesnasn; EdlminsmKYr tamn&y Edl:neBalmkehIy

kñúgbfvIksiNnieTÞsÉeNaH

rYcehIy

enAkñúgvtþEdlsmKYr eZVIkarpþac´bg´nUvblieBaZtUctacecalehIy eZVIbrikmμ edaykiriyaeZVITukkñúgcitþCabdikUl . k*RBHeyaKavcr kaleZVI RtUvkan´yknUvnimitþ kñúgsk´TaMg LayCamunsin .

sYrza; RtUvkan´yknUvnimitþ kñúgsk´TaMgLay

Camun y¨agdUcemþc/ . eqøIyza; RBHeyaKavcr Kb|Idksk´mYy srés ß 2 srés dak´elI:tédehIy kMNt´BN(CadMbUg . kiriyaEdlRBHeyaKI rmilemIlnUvsk´TaMgLay sUm|IkñúgTIénsk´ Edldac´ehIyk*KYr . sUm|IRBHeyaKI rmilemIlnUvsk´TaMgLay

GnubuBVikza kñúgkarkMNt´nUvlk¡N; nig PaBbdikUlenaH kñúgekadðas;TaMgBYgTaMgLay mandUcteTAenH .

‘sk´’ ‘154’ CadMbUg sk´TaMgLay edayBN(CaRbRktI B(N exμA manBN(dUcCaEpøp<aM . edayRTg´RTay Evg mUl manRTg´ RTaydUcCadgénCJ¢Ig . edayTis ekItkñúgTisxagelI . eday Okas elakkMNt´ehIy kñúgxagTaMgLayTaMg 2 tamKum¬Rtec[k TaMgLay xagmux tamTIbMputénzáas´ xageRkay tamkJ©wg-k . Es|kRss´sMrab´eRsabllad¾k|al CaOkasénsk´TaMgLay. edaybriecäT sk´TaMgLay elakkMNt´ehIyxageRkam edayépÞ


visuTÆimK< ERb

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48

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

énb\srbs´xøÜnEdlcUleTAGs´TIRtwmEtcugRsUv kñúgEs|ksMrab´ruM

müa¨geT[t køinénsk´TaMgLay EdlR:scakkartak´Etg

nUvk|alehIytaMgenA xagelI kMNt´ edayGakas TTwg kMNt´

mankarlabeRbg p,a nigZUbCaedIm CakøinEdlbuK<lex¬IméRkeBk.

edaysréssk´CamYyKña .

køinénsk´TaMgLay EdlbuK<ldak´kñúgePøIg CakøinKYrex¬IméRkElg

karkMNt´ edayn&yza ²sk´TaMg

LayBIrsrés minGacman kúñgTICamYyKña:neT³ enH eQμaHza

CagenaHeTAeT[t .

karkMNt´edaycMENkrbs´xøÜn ‘sPaKbriecäT’ . Zmμtask´TaMg

RTay minKYrCarbs´bdikUleLIy bu¨Enþ edaykøin Carbs´bdikUl

Lay Edlelakmin:neZVIolayKña edaycMENk 31 d*ess

hñwgÉg .

TaMgLay y¨agenH za ²sk´TaMgLayminEmneram eramTaMgLay

dUcCarem[t sUm|IedayRTg´RTay k*manRTg´RTay dUcCadMurem[tç

k*minEmnsk´³ dUecñH . karkMNt´enH za ²cMENknu@H CacMENk

mYyeT[t saksBEq,exμAEdlehIme:¨geLIg RtUveKe:HecalelI

edayELk>³ eQμaHza visPaKbriecäT . enHCakarkMNt´ eday

TIkEnøgecalsMram edayBN( manBN(dUcCaetñatTMu edayRTg´

lk¡N; manBN(CaedIm énsk´TaMgLay . ÉenHCakarkMNt´

RTay manRTg´RTaybIdUcCaRTg´RTaysMePar EdleKlHbg´ecal

edaybdikUl 5 Rbkar edayGMNacénlk¡N; manBN(CaedIm

ehIyç sUm|Icg,ÚmTaMgLy énEq,enaH k*manRTg´RTay dUcCap,amøiH

énsk´TaMgLayenaH . Zmμtask´TaMgLayenH Carbs´bdikUl

RkBMu eRBaHehtuenaH lamkénkumar nig saksBénEq,exμATaMgBIr

edayBN(xøH

bdikUl

edayRTg´RTayxøH

bdikUl

edaykøinxøH

bdikUl edayTIenAGaRs&yxøH bdikUl edayOkasxøH . d|itza CnTaMgLay eXIjvtæúGVImYy EdlmanBN(dUcCask´ kñúgPaCn¾ énbbrkþI kñúgPaCn¾én:ykþI sUm|ICaTIKab´citþ ehIyex¬ImreGImza; vtæúenH layedaysk´ cUrGñkTaMgLay naMykvaecjeTA³ . sk´ TaMgLay Carbs´bdikUl edayBN(xøH y¨agenHÉg . müa¨geT[t CnTaMgLaysUm|IbriePaK kñúgevlayb´ TukCa Bal´RtUvehIy nUvsrésénsURt ß ßza nUvsrésénRkecA man RTg´RTaydUcCask´ ehIyex¬ImreGIm y¨agdUecñaHEdr . sk´TaMg Lay Carbs´bdikUl edayRTg´RTay y¨agdUecñHÉg .

EmnBit sk´TaMgLay edayBN( nig RTg´

dUcCalamkénkumarEdlenAekμg edayBN( manB(N

edayBN( nig RTg´RTay minKYrCarbs´bdikUleT bu¨Enþ edaykøin Carbs´bdikUlhñwgÉg y¨agNamijç sUm|Isk´TaMgLay k*y¨ag dUecñaHEdr edayB(N nig RTg´RTay minKYrCarbs´bdikUleT b¨uEnþ edaykøin Carbs´bdikUl BitEmnhñwgÉg . mYyeT[t bEnøCaRbeyaCn¾ dl´sML EdlduHehIy eday karhUrecj énTwkRCaMGMBIRsuk kñúgTIminsÁat CavtæúKYrex¬Im minKYr nwgbriePaK énmnusSGñkRkugTaMgLay y¨agNamijç sUm|Isk´ TaMgLay k*eQμaHza Carbs´KYrex¬Im eRBaHPaBénsk´enaHduHehIy edaykiriyahUrecj énvtæúminsÁat manxÞúH Qam TwkmURt Gahar cas´ Rbmat´ nig esøsμ CaedIm k*y¨agdUecñaHEdr .


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enH CaPaBbdikUl edayTIenAGaRs&y énsk´TaMgLayenaH . mYyeT[t Zmμtask´TaMgLayenH duHehIy kñúgKMnr

50

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

EdltaMgenAehIypg

nUv:téd:teCIgTaMgLayecjpg

PaK

én

eRcIn duHehIy kñúgEs|kEdleRsabsrIr;d*ess . edaybriecäT

cMENk 31 dUcbEnøEdlduHehIy kñuúgKMnrénlamkç sk´TaMgenaH

eramTaMgLay elakkMNt´ehIy xageRkam edayb\s rbs´xøÜn

eQμaHza Carbs´KYrex¬Im y¨agéRkElg eRBaHPaBénsk´enaH duH

EdlcUleTA

ehIy kñúgTIEdlminsÁat dUcCabEnøEdlduHehIy kñúgTITaMgLay

ehIytaMgenA xagelI edayOkas xagTTwg kMNt´ edaysr-

manéRBsμsan nig TIecalsMramCaedImpg dUcCap,aQUk nig p,a

éseramKñaÉg .

lMcg´CaedIm EdlduHehIy kñúgTITaMgLayEdlminsÁat mansñam

srés minman kñúgTICamYyKña:neT³ enH CakarkMNt´nUvcMENk

ePøaHCaedImpg dUecñHÉg .

rbs´xøÜn éneramTaMgLayenaH . kiriyakMNt´nUvcMENkminesμIKña

enHCaPaBbdikUl edayOkas énsk´

TaMgLayenaH .

Gs´TIRtwmEtmYylixa

kñúgEs|kEdleRsabsrIr;

kiriyakMNt´ edayn&y za ²eramTaMgLay 2

R:kdesμI eday ‘karkMNt´’ sk´dUcKñaEdr .

RBHeyaKI Kb|IkMNt´PaBbdikUl énsk´TaMgLay y¨ag

‘Rkck’

Namijç k*Kb|IkMNt´PaBbdikUl edaycMENk 5 y¨ag eday

Baküza ²RkckTaMgLay³ CaeQμaHénRtbk énRkckTaMg

GMNayénBN( RTg´RTay Tis Okas nig briecäT éncMENkTaMg

Lay 20 . RkckTaMgGs´enaH edayBN( CaBN(-s . eday

BYg k*y¨agdUecñaHEdr .

EtRBHeyaKI Kb|IkMNt´cMENkTaMgLay

RTg´RTay manRTg´RTaydUcCaRskaRtI . edayTis RkckTaMg

TaMgBYg epSg> Kña edayGMNac ‘lk¡N;KW’ BN( RTg´RTay

Lay duHehIy kñúgTisTaMgLayBIr KW RkckeCIg duHkñúgTisxag

Tis Okas nig briecäT .

eRkam Rkckéd duHkñúgTisxagelI . edayOkas RkckTaMgLay taMgenAehIy elIxñgxagcug énRmamédTaMgLay . edaybriecäT

‘eram’ bNþacMENkTaMgLayenaH eramTaMgLay Kb|IkMNt´mun eramtamRbRktI man 90ç000 reNþA

kñúgTisTaMg 3 elakkMNt´ehIy edaysac´xagcugénRmamTaMg

edayBN(RbRktI Caeram

Lay xagkñúg kMNt´edaysac´xñgénRmaméd xageRkA nig xag

manBN(minexμA dUcCask´eT EtCaerammanBN(el]g layexμA

cug kMNt´edayOkas xagTTwg kMNt´edayRkckdUcKña . kar

bnþic . edayRTg´RTay eramTaMgLay mancugOncuH manRTg´

kMNt´ edayn&yza ²RkckTaMgBIr minman kñúgTICamYyKña:neT³

RTay dUcCab\setñat .

enH CakarkMNt´nUvcMENkrbs´xøÜnénRkckTaMgLayenaH . Ékar

edayOkas

edayTis eram ekItkñúgTisTaMg 2 .

eramTaMgLay elIkElgnUvOkas énsk´TaMgLay

kMNt´ nUvcMENkminesμI R:kdesμI edaysk´Edr .


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‘eZμj’

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

Es|ksm|úrézáNa EdlbuK<lTajmkGMBIsrIr;TaMgmUl CaEs|k

‘155’ Baküza ²eZμjTaMgLay³ KWqÁwgeZμj 32 énbuK<l GñkmaneZμjRKb´RKan´ .

52

sm|úrézá manTMhMbu¨nRKab´BuRTa Es|ksm|úrézáenaH manBN(exμA

eZμjTaMg 32 enaHÉg edayBN( man

BN(sENþk:y nigBN(el]gCaedIm xagelIEs|kenaH . bu¨Enþ

edayRTg´RTay manRTg´RTayeRcInRbkar . EmnBit

Es|k edayBN( manBN(-s Etmüa¨g . k*PaBénEs|kenaH Ca

bNþaeZμjTaMgenaH eZμjTaMgLay 4 Rtg´kNþal eZμjCYreRkam

Es|kBN(-s nwgR:kd kalebIEs|ksm|úrézáEdlrlakehIy

mun manRTg´RTaydUcCaRKab´eXøak EdleKtMer[b tamlMdab´ elI

edayvtæúTaMgLay mankarrlak edayGNþatePøIg nigkarRbhar

dMudIsÁit .

edayeRK]gRbharCaedIm . edayRTg´RTay Es|k manRTg´RTay

BN(-s .

TaMgsgxag éneZμjkNþalTaMg 4 enaH eZμjmYy>

manb\smYy mancugmYy manRTg´RTaydUcCap,amøiHRkBMu . bnÞab´

dUcsrIr;Edr . enHCaesckþIseg¡b kñúgGZikarénRTg´RTayenH .

mk eZμjmYy> manb\s 2 mancug 2 manRTg´RTay dUcCaeQI

‘sNðanEs|kepSg>’

Tl´reTH .

bnÞab´BIenaH eZμjTaMgLayBIr> manb\s 3 mancug

EtebIeBaledayBisþar

Es|kénRmameCIg

manRTg´RTay

bnÞab´BIenaH eZμjTaMgLayBIr> manb\s 4 mancug 4

dUcCasMbukdg,Úvnag . Es|kxñgeCIg manRTg´RTay dUcCaEs|k

dUecñHÉg . sUm|IkñúgCYreZμjxagelI k*mann&ydUecñHEdr . eday

eCIgEkgecaT . Es|ksμg manRTg´RTay dUcCasøwketñatx©b´:y

Tis eZμjTaMgenaH duHehIykñúgTisxagelI .

edayOkas eZμj

Es|kePøA manRTg´RTaydUczg´Evg EdleBjeTAedayGg,r Es|k

TaMgenaH taMgenAehIy Rtg´qÁwgcg,aTaMg 2 .

edaybriecäT eZμj

RtKak manRTg´RTaydUcCasMBt´tRmg EdleBjedayTwk Es|k

TaMgenaH elakkMNt´ehIy xageRkam edayb\srbs´xøÜn Edl

xñg manRTg´RTaydUcCaEs|kEdleRsabbnÞHkþar Es|keBaH man

taMgenAehIy elIqÁwgcg,a xagelI kMNt´edayOkas xagTTwg

RTg´RTaydUcCaEs|k EdleKBassñÚkBiN Es|kRTUg PaKeRcIn

kMNt´ edayKña nig Kña .

manRTg´RTayragbYnRCug Es|keCIgédTaMgBIr manRTg´RTaydUcCa

3 .

kiriyakMNt´ edayn&y za ²eZμjTaMg

Lay 2 minman kñúgTICamYyKña:neT³ enHCakarkMNt´nUvcMENk

Es|kEdleKeRsabnUvsøabZñÚ

rbs´xøÜn éneZμjTaMgenaH .

eRsamkaMbiTekarxøH

ÉkiriyakMNt´ nUvcMENkminesμIKña

R:kdesμI edaysk´enaHÉg .

‘Es|k’ Baküza ²Es|k³ KW Es|kEdlrMuB&TÆsrIr;TaMgmUlfitenA .

Es|kxñgéd

manRTg´RTaydUcCa

manRTg´RTaydUcCaExlxøH

Es|kénRmaméd

manRTg´RTaydUcCaeRsamkUnesa Es|k-k manRTg´RTaydUcCa kGav Es|kmuxmanRbehagtUc-ZM manRTg´RTaydUcsMbukkNþÚb Es|kk|al manRTg´RTaydUcCaesøak:Rt dUecñHÉg .


visuTÆimK< ERb

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‘viZIkMNt´Es|k’

54

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

briecäT xageRkam kMNt´ehIy edayépÞEdltaMgenAehIy xag

k*ÉRBHeyaKavcr GñkkMNt´Es|k Kb|IbJ¢ÚnjaN man

elI kMNt´ehIy edayGakas .

enHCakiriyakMNt´ nUvcMENk

mux eTAxagelI cab´edImGMBIbbUrmat´xagelIeTA ehIykMNt´ nUv

rbs´xøÜn énEs|kenaH . ÉkiriyakMNt´nUvcMENkminesμIKña R:kd

Es|kEdlrMuB&TÆmuxehIytaMgenA mundMbUgbgÁs´ bnÞab´GMBIenaHmk

esμI edaysk´Edr .

Kb|IkMNt´Es|kénqÁwgzáas

bnÞab´GMBIenaH RBHeyaKI kalbJ¢Ún

‘sac´’ ‘156’

jaNeTA tamcenøaHqÁwgk|al nig Es|kk|al dUcCabuK<llUkéd

Baküza ²sac´³ KWsac´ 900 duM . sac´TaMgGs´

eTA tamcenøaHén:Rt EdlbuK<lRckehIy kñúgesøak nig tam

enaHÉg edayBN( Rkhm RbEhlKñanwgp,acar. edayRTg´RTay

cenøaHénesøak y¨agdUecñaHEdr ehIyEjknUvPaBénEs|kCab´KñaEt

sac´kMPYneCIg manRTg´RTaydUcCa:y EdleKx©b´ehIy eday

mYy CamYynwgqÁwg Kb|IkMNt´Es|kk|al bnÞab´BIenaH RBHeyaKI

søwketñat . sac´RTUg manRTg´RTay dUcCakUnzμsMel[gkaMbit .

Kb|IkMNt´Es|k-k

sac´RtKak manRTg´RTaydUcCaeXñaHeCIgRkan . sac´xñgmanRTg´

tGMBIenaH Kb|IkMNt´Es|kédxagsþaM eday

Gnuelam nig bdielam

kalebImanRbkardUecñaH RBHeyaKI Kb|I

kMNt´Es|kédxageqVg tamn&yenaHdUcKña

RTaydUcCaEpnéns,retñat . sac´RbCMuénqÁwgCMnIrBIrmanRTg´RTay

tGMBIenaH Kb|IkMNt´

dUcCakarlabedaydIsÁitd*esþIg Rtg´épÞénCRguk . sac´edaH man

Es|kxñgenaHehIy kMNt´Es|keCIgxagsþaM edayGnuelam nig

RTg´RTay dUcCaduMéndIsÁit EdlbuK<lsUnüehIyBüÜrTuk . sac´

bdielam

RbCMuénedImédTaMgBIr

kalebImanRbkardUecñaH

eCIgxageqVg tamn&yenaHdUcKña

RBHeyaKI

Kb|IkMNt´Es|k

tGMBIenaH RBHeyaKI Kb|IkMNt´

manRTg´RTaydUcCakNþúrd*ZM

EdlbuK<leZVICaBIrCan´ehIy tMkl´Tuk .

minmanEs|k

kalRBHeyaKI kMNt´

Es|kRkBHbsSav; Es|keBaH Es|kebHdUg nig Es|k-k tam

nUvsac´d*eRKatRKat> y¨agenH sUm|Isac´d*lÁit k*rEmgR:kd .

lMdab´hñwgÉg kalebImanRbkardUecñaH RBHeyaKI Kb|IkMNt´ nUv

edayTis sac´enaH ekItehIy kñúgTisTaMg 2 . edayOkas

Es|kcg,a

rYcehIy

sac´ EGbnUvqÁwg 300 kMNat´ minelIs ehIyfitenA . eday

júaMgTIbMputénbbUrmat´xageRkam odl´ehIyoseRmc . kal

briecäT xageRkam elakkMNt´ehIy edayépÞEdltaMgenAehIy

RBHeyaKI kMNt´nUvEs|kd*eRKatRKat> y¨agenH sUm|IEs|k d*

kñúgeRKagqÁwg xagelI kMNt´ehIy edayEs|k TTwg kMNt´ehIy

lÁit k*rEmgR:kd . edayTis Es|kekItehIykñúgTisTaMgLay

edaysac´dUcKña . enHCakiriyakMNt´ nUvcMENkrbs´xøÜn énsac´

BIr . edayOkas Es|krMuB&TÆsrIr;TaMgmUlehIytaMgenA . eday

enaH .

EdlmanxageRkam

kñúglMdab´GMBIEs|k-k

ÉkiriyakMNt´cMENkminesμIKña R:kdesμIedaysk´Edr .


visuTÆimK< ERb

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‘srés’

56

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

TaMgLay Rtg´xñgéd nig xñgeCIgTaMgLay manRTg´RTay dUcCa

Baküza ²srés³ :ndl´ srés 9 ry .

edayB(N

eCIgstVsøab . srésTaMgLay elIk|al manRTg´RTay dUcCa

srésTaMgGs´ CaBN(-s . edayRTg´RTay srésTaMgLay

sMNaj´elIk|al énTarkTaMgLay . srésTaMgLay Rtg´xñg

manRTg´RTayepSg> . EmnBit bNþasrésTaMgenaH srésZM

manRTg´RTay dUcCasMNaj´TTwk EdleKRtdag BÆd*kMedAézá .

TaMgLay EdlrYmrwtnUvsrIr; cab´edImGMBIEpñkxagelI én k qøg

srésTaMgLay EdleTAtamGvyv; tUc-ZM enaH> d*ess man

cuHehIy tamEpñkxagmux ‘man’ 5ç srésZMTaMgLay tamEpñk

RTg´RTay dUcCaGavERsH EdleKBak´ehIy elIsrIr; . eday

xageRkay 5ç tamEpñkxagsþaM k* 5ç tamEpñkxageqVg k* 5ç

Tis srésTaMgLay ekItehIy kñuúgTisTaMgBIr . edayOkas

srésZMTaMgLay

tamEpñkxagmux

srésTaMgLay cgnUvqÁwgTaMgLay kñúgsrIr;TaMgmUl fitenA .

srésZMTaMgLay

edaybriecäT xageRkam elakkMNt´ehIy edayépÞEdlvataMgenA

sUm|IEdlrYmrwtnUvédxageqVg k*dUcKñaEdrç sUm|IEdlrYmrwt nUveCIg

ehIy xagelI énqÁwg 300 kMNat´ xagelI kMNt´ehIy eday

xagsþaM tamEpñkxagmuxéneCIg k* 5ç tamEpñkxageRkayeCIg k*

RbeTsEdlvafitenA Tl´nwgsac´ nig Es|kTaMgLay . TTwg

5ç srésZMTaMgLay sUm|IEdlrYmrwtnUveCIgxageqVg k*dUecñaHEdr

kMNt´ edaysrésdUcKña .

y¨agdUecñHÉg srésZMTaMgLay 60 eQμaHza srésRTRTg´ nUv

xøÜn énsrésenaH . ÉkiriyakMNt´nUvcMENkminesμIKña R:kdesμI

srIr; rYmrwtnUvkay qøgcuHehIy . srésTaMgLayNa Edl

edaysk´Edr .

sUm|IEdlrYmrwtnUvédxagsþaM

énéd k* 5ç tamEpñkxageRkay énéd k* 5ç

elakehAza srésBYr dUecñHk*manç sUm|IsrésTaMgGs´enaH man

enH CakiriyakMNt´nUvcMENk rbs´

‘qÁwg’

RTg´RTaydUcCalMBg´énedImrun . cMENkxagsrésTaMgLaydéT

Baküza ²qÁwgTaMgLay³ KWelIkElgEtqwÁgeZμj 32 ecj

RKbsg,t´ nUvRbeTsenaH> ehIyfitenA . srésTaMgLayEdl

qÁwgd*ess mancMnYn 300 y¨agdUecñH KW qÁwgédTaMgLay 64 qÁwg

lÁit edayviessCagsrésenaH manRTg´RTaydUcCaExSGMe:H .

eCIgTaMgLay 64 qÁwgTn´TaMgLayEdlGaRs&ynUvsac´ 64 qÁwg

srésTaMgLay déTeT[t EdllÁitedayviessCagsrésenaH

EkgTaMgLay 2 Rtg´eCIgnimYy> qÁwgEPñkeKaTaMgLayBIr > qÁwg

manRTg´RTay dUcCavløi¾epamhñwgÉg . srésTaMgLaydéT lÁit

sμgTaMgLay 2 qwÁgCg<g´ 1 qwÁgePøA 1 qÁwg ceg,H 2 qÁwgRTnugxñg

edayviessCagsrésenaH manRTg´RTay dUcCaExSBiNd*ZM .

TaMgLay 18 qÁwgCMnIrTaMgLay 24 qwÁgRTUgTaMgLay 14 qwÁg

srésTaMgLaydéT manRTg´RTay dUcCaGMe:Hezøas . srés

ebHdUg 1 qwÁgdgkaMbitTaMgLay 2

qwÁgc|ak´TaMgLay 2 qwÁg


visuTÆimK< ERb

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GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

edImédTaMgLay 2 qwÁgcugedImédBIr > qwÁg-k 7 qÁwgcg,a 2 qwÁg

edayELk manRTg´RTaydUcCaRkcab´Cagmas . qwÁgRtKakEdl

RcmuH 1 qwÁgEPñk 2 qwÁgsøwkRtec[k 2 qwÁgzáas 1 qwÁgbegØIy 1

taMgenA

qwÁgGMEbgk|al 9 .

cab´ eZVIomanmuxcuHeRkamehIy manRbehagtUc-ZM kñúgTI 7 ß 8

qwÁgTaMgGs´enaH edayBN( KWBN(-s . edayRTg´RTay qÁwgTaMgLay manRTg´RTayepSg> .

Rtg´xagcug

manRTg´RTaydUcCaBBarBs´

EdlbuK<l

kEnøg . qwÁgRTnugxñgTaMgLay BÆd*xagkñúg manRTg´RTaydUcCaduM

EmnBit bNþaqwÁgTaMgenaH

énpÞaMgsMNPk´ EdlbuK<ldak´xagelI> xageRkA manRTg´RTay

qwÁgRmaméncugeCIgTaMgLay manRTg´RTaydUcCaRKab´QUk . qwÁg

dUcCaExSlYsEdlmUl . kñúgcenøaH> énqÁwgRTnugxñgTaMgenaH qwÁg

zñaMgRtg´kNþal lMdab´GMBIqwÁgRmameCIgenaH manRTg´RTaydUcCa

RTnugxñgBIrbIR:kdesμIedayeZμjrNar . bNþaqwÁgCMnIrTaMgLay

RKab´xñúr . qwÁgzñaMgRtg´Kl´ manRTg´RTaydUcCaxøúy . qwÁgxñgeCIg

24 qwÁgCMnIrEdlmineBj manRTg´RTaydUcCakeNþ{vEqb qÁwgCMnIr

TaMgLay manRTg´RTaydUcCaKMnrénb\srunEdleKdMehIy . qwÁg

TaMgLayEdleBj

Ekg manRTg´RTaydUcCaRKab´Epøetñat manRKab´mYy . qwÁgEPñkeKa

Gs´ manRTg´RTaydUcCasøabkagénman´-s . qwÁg®TUgTaMgLay

manRTg´RTaydUcCaEpøGg<új sMrab´elgEdleKcgehIy . TIén

14 manRTg´RTaydUcCaERKEsñgsøabRKuDcas´ . qwÁgebHdUg man

qwÁgsμgTaMgLay EdltaMgenAehIy elIqwÁgEPñkeKaTaMgLay man

RTg´RTaydUcCaEpøEvk . qwÁgdgkaMbitTaMgLay manRTg´RTaydUc

RTg´RTaydUcCalMBg´epþA EdlbuK<lsksMbkecjehIy . qwÁg

CadgkaMbittUc Cavikar;énelah; . qwÁgc|ak´TaMgLay manRTg´

sμgtUc manRTg´RTaydUcCadgZñÚtUc . qwÁgsμgZM manRTg´RTay

RTay dUcCacbkab´énsIhL; EdlEqbehIymYycMeh[g . qwÁg

dUcCaxñgBs´s<m . qwÁgCg<g´ manRTg´RTaydUcBBuHTwkEqbm¡ag .

edImédTaMgLay manRTg´RTaydUcCaRkbénkJ©k´ . qwÁgcugénedIm

TIénqwÁgsμgEdltaMgenAehIy elIqwÁgCg<g´TaMgLayenaH manRTg´

édTaMgLay manRTg´RTaydUcCab\setñatTaMgKU . qwÁgénkédTaMg

RTaydUcCaEsñgeKa Edlmancugdac´tμilehIy . qwÁgePøA manRTg´

Lay manRTg´RTaydUcCadMu énbnÞHsMNPk´ EdlbuK<lrMlay

RTaydUcdgkaMbit nig b¨UvezA EdleKRcasehIymin:nsÁat .

kñúgTICamYyKñaehIytMkl´Tuk . qwÁgxñgédTaMgLay manRTg´RTay

TItaMgénqwÁgePøAenaH taMgenAehIy Rtg´qwÁgceg,H manRTg´RTaydUc

dUcCaKMnr énb\srun EdleKdMehIy . qÁwgzñaMg énKl´RmamédTaMg

CaEpøGg<újsMrab´elg . TIénqwÁgceg,HEdlqwÁgePøAenaHtaMgenA man

Lay manRTg´RTaydUcCaxøúy . qwÁgRtg´zñaMgkNþalTaMgLay

RTg´RTaydUcCaEpøRkUc EdleKcitehIyRtg´k|al . qwÁgceg,HTaMg

manRTg´RTay dUcCaRKab´xñúrEqb . qwÁgRtg´zñaMgxagcugTaMgLay

Lay 2 Cab´KñaEtmYy manRTg´RTaydUcCac®g,ansμÚnqñaMg

manRTg´RTaydUcCaRKab´QUk . qÁwg-k TaMgLay 7 kg´ manRTg´

epSg

manRTg´RTaydUckeNþ{veBjç

qwÁgCMnIrTaMg


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GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

RTaydUcCakg´énTMBaMg EdlbuK<ledat edaykMNat´eQI ehIy

qÁwgEPñkeKaTaMgLay

tMkl´Tuk tamlMdab´ .

qwÁgcg,a xageRkam manRTg´RTaydUcCa

edaybriecäT xagkñúg elakkMNt´ehIy edayxYrkñúgqÁwg xagelI

Rkcab´EdkénBYkCagmas . qwÁgcg,a xagelI manRTg´RTay dUc

kMNt´ edaysac´ Rtg´cug nig Rtg´Kl´ kMNt´ edayqÁwgdUcKña .

CakaMbitsMrab´lYsnUvGMeBA . qwÁgRbehagEPñk nig RbehagRcmuH

enH CakiriyakMNt´ nUvcMENkrbs´xøÜn énqÁwgTaMgenaH . Ékiriya

TaMgLay

kMNt´ nUvcMENkminesμIKña R:kdesμIedaysk´Edr .

manRTg´RTaydUcCaRKab´etñatx©I

RtUveKyksac´ecj

taMgenAehIy

elIqÁwgxñgeCIgTaMgLay

.

‘xYrkúñgqwÁg’

Gs´ehIy . qwÁgzáas manRTg´RTaydUcCaGMEbgénsMbkxügEdl eKp,ab´ehIy tMkl´Tuk . qwÁgKum¬Rtec[kTaMgLay manRTg´RTay

Baküza ²xYrkñúgqÁwg³ KW xYrEdltaMgenAehIy xagkúñugénqÁwg

dUcCaeRsamkaMbitekar énxμan´RBHeks . qwÁg kñúgOkasEdlCab´

TaMgLayenaH> . xYrkñúgqÁwgenaH edayBN( CaBN(-s . eday

Kña BÆd*xagelI énzáas nig Kum¬Rtec[kTaMgLay manRTg´RTay

RTg´RTay xYrkñúgqÁwgenaH taMgenA xagkñúg énqÁwgTaMgLayZM> man

dUcCaekÁgénkÁmmanTwkeBj EdlbuK<lp,ab´cuHehIy . qwÁgbegØIy

RTg´RTaydUcCacugepþAd*ZM EdlbuK<leralehIydak´cUl kñúgbMBg´

manRTg´RTay dUcCallad¾Evk Edlmanmat´p,ab´ehIy . qwÁg

b\sSI taMgenAehIy xagkñúg énqÁwgTaMgLaytUc> manRTg´RTay

k|alTaMgLay

dUcCacugepþAd*tUc EdleKeralehIy dak´cUleTA kñúgzñaMg énb\sSI

manRTg´RTaydUcCallad¾eXøakcas´

EdleK

TaMgLay . edayTis xYrkñúgqÁwg ekItehIy kñúgTisTaMgBIr .

edrehIy tMkl´Tuk . edayTis qwÁgTaMgLay ekItehIykñúgTisTaMgBIr . eday

edayOkas xYrkñúgqÁwg taMgenAehIy BÆd*xagkñuúgénqÁwgTaMgLay .

Okas qÁwgTaMgLay taMgenAehIy kñúgsrIr;TaMgmUl edaymin

edaybriecäT elakkMNt´ehIy edayépÞxagkñúgénqÁwgTaMgLay .

EbøkKña . bu¨EnþedayesckþIEbøkKña bNþaqÁwgTaMgLaynu@H qÁwgk|al

enH CakiriyakMNt´nUvcMENkrbs´xøÜn énxYrkñúgqÁwgenaH . Ékiriya

taMgenAehIy Rtg´qÁwg-k TaMgLay .

kMNt´ nUvcMENkminesμIKña R:kdesμIedaysk´Edr .

qÁwg-k TaMgLay taMgenA

‘tMrgbsSav;’

ehIy elIqÁwgRTnugxñgTaMgLay . qÁwgRTnugxñgTaMgLay taMgenA ehIy elIqÁwgceg,HTaMgLay . qÁwgceg,HTaMgLay taMgenAehIy

‘157’

Baküza ²vk,M tMrgbsSav;³ KW dMusac´TaMgLay 2

elIqÁwgePøATaMgLay. qÁwgePøATaMgLay taMgenAehIy elIqÁwgCg<g´

manTgEtmYy . tMrgbsSav;enaH edayBN( manBN(RkhmTn´

TaMgLay

dUcBN(RKab´rlYs:y . edayRTg´RTay manRTg´RTaydUcCa

.

qÁwgCg<g´TaMgLay

taMgenAehIy

elIqÁwgsμgTaMg

Lay qÁwgsμgTaMgLay taMgenAehIy elIqÁwgEPñkeKaTaMgLay .

RKab´EpøGg<újsMrab´elgTaMgKU énekμgTaMgLay ß

ßza manRTg´


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GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

RTaydUcCaEpøsVayERBk EdlCab´enAnwgTgEtmYy . edayTis

mnusSsTÆacrit CaQammanBN(dUcCap,akNiÑkar sMrab´mnusS

ekItehIy kñúgTisxagelI . edayOkas tMrgbsSav;enaH Ca

bJ¦acrit CaQamminlÁk´ sÁat zøa s brisuTÆ ß manBnøÅR:kd

ZmμCatCab´CamYyKña edaysrésd*ezøas Edlel[necjmkGMBI

dUcCaEkvmNICati EdlbuK<lécñehIy . edayTis ebHdUgenaH

bMBg´-k ehIyeTAbnþic edayKl´EtmYy ehIyEbkeTACaBIr ruMB&TÆ

ekItehIykñúgTisxagelI . edayOkas ebHdUgenaH fitenAehIy

sac´énebHdUg ehIyfitenA .

Rtg´kNþal énedaHTaMgLayBIr xagkñúgénsrIr; . edaybriecäT

edaybriecäT tMrgbsSav; elak

kMNt´ehIy edaycMENkéntMrgbsSav; . enH CakiriyakMNt´

ebHdUg elakkMNt´ehIy edaycMENkénebHdUg .

nUvcMENkrbs´xøÜn éntMrgbsSav;enaH . ÉkiriyakMNt´nUvcMENk

kMNt´ nUvcMENkrbs´xøÜn énebHdUgenaH .

minesμIKña R:kdesμI edaysk´Edr .

cMENkminesμIKña R:kdesμI edaysk´Edr .

‘ebHdUg’

enHCakiriya

ÉkiriyakMNt´ nUv

‘ezøIm’

Baküza ²ebHdUg³ KWsac´ebHdUg . sac´ebHdUgenaH eday

Baküza ²ezøIm³ KW dM:rénsac´TaMgKU . edayBN( ezøIm

BN( CaBN(Rkhm manBN(dUcCaBN(xñgRtbkQUk . eday

enaH manBN(Rkhm RbkbedayZatumanBN(el]g CaBN(min

RTg´RTay ebHdUgenaH manRTg´RTaydUcCaRkBMup,aQUk EdleKbk

RkhméRkeBk manBN(dUcCaxñg énRtbkp,aQUkRkhm . eday

nUvsMbkxageRkATaMgLay ecjehIytMkl´Tuk omanmuxeTAxag

RTg´RTay Rtg´Kl´ mYyduM Rtg´cugCaKU manRTg´RTay dUcCasøwk

eRkam manxageRkArlIg xagkñuúg dUcCaxagkñúgénEpønenag sMrab´

rlYspÁúg . mYyeT[t ezøImenaH sMrab´mnusSlág´TaMgLay Ca

buK<lTaMgLayEdlmanR:C\a rIkbnþic sMrab´buK<lTaMgLay Gñk

ZmμCatZM manEtmYyKt´bu¨eNÑaHÉg . sMrab´mnusS manbJ¦aTaMg

manR:C\aTn´ ekþabeTAvijhñwgÉg . mYyeT[t xagkñúgebHdUgenaH

Lay CadMutUc> manBIr ß bI k*man .

manreNþA

énQam

ehIy kñúgTisxagelI . edayOkas ezøImenaH taMgenAehIy

RbmaNknøHTUkéd EdlmenaZatu nig menaviJ¦aNZatu GaRs&y

GaRs&ynUvEpñkxagsþaM xagkñúgénedaHTaMgBIr . edaybriecäT ezøIm

ehIyRbRBwtþeTAç k*QamenHenaH sMrab´mnusSraKcrit CaQam

elakkMNt´ehIy edaycMENkénezøIm . enH CakiriyakMNt´ nUv

BN(Rkhm

cMENkrbs´xøÜn énezøImenaH . ÉkiriyakMNt´ nUvcMENkminesμIKña

TMhMGacdak´RKab´busSnaK:n

sRmab´mnusSeTascrit

CaTIdk´enA

CaQamBN(exμA

sMrab´

mnusSemahcrit CaQamBN(dUcCaTwksMrab´lagsac´ sRmab´ mnusSvitk,crit

CaQammanBN( dUcCasac´BBayRCug sMrab´

R:kdesμIedaysk´Edr .

‘vav’

edayTis ezøImenaH ekIt


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Baküza ²vav³ :ndl´ sac´sRmab´ruMB&TÆ man 2

64

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

ÉkiriyakMNt´ nUvcMENkminesμIKña R:kdesμIedaysk´Edr .

‘sYt’

y¨ag edayRbePTEdlbiT:Mg nig minbiT:Mg . vavTaMgBIrenaH Ég edayBN( CaBN(-s manBN(dUcCakMNat´sMBt´BIrCan´ .

Baküza ²sYt³ KWsac´sYtmanRbePT 32 kMNat´ . sYt

edayRTg´RTay manRTg´RTaydUcCaOkasrbs´xøÜn . edayTis

enaH edayBN( CaBN(Rkhm manRTg´RTaydUcCaEpøóTum¬r Edl

vavEdlbiT:Mg ekItehIy kñúgTisxagelI vaveRkAenH ekItehIy

enARsKal . edayRTg´RTay sYtenaH manRTg´RTaydUcCaduMénnM

kñúgTisTaMgLayBIr .

d*Rkas´

edayOkas vavEdlbiT:Mg biT:MgnUv

EdleKkat´ehIyminesμI

vaminmanrsCat

minmanOCa

ebHdUg nig tMrgbsSav;ehIytaMgenAç vavEdlminbiT:Mg ruMB&TÆnUv

dUcCadMu énsøwkeQIEdlbuK<lTMBaehIy eRBaHPaBénsYtenaH Ca

sac´ GMBITIxageRkaménEs|k kñúgsrIr;TaMgmUl ehIytaMgenA .

vtæúEdlcMhayéneteCaZatuEdlekItGMBIkmμ puseLIgehIy kMcat´

edaybriecäT xageRkam elakkMNt´ehIy edaysac´ xagelI

bg´ecal eRBaHBÆd*xagkñúg vaminmanvtæúEdlRtUvsIucUleTA nig vtæú

kMNt´edayEs|k TTwg kMNt´ edaycMENkénvav .

enHKWCa

EdlRtUvpwkcUleTAeLIy . edayTis sYt ekItehIy kñúgTis

rIÉkiriyakMNt´

xagelI . edayOkas sYtenaH biT:MgnUvebHdUg nig ezøIm xag

kiriyakMNt´ nUvcMENkrbs´xøÜn énvavenaH . nUvcMENkminesμIKña R:kdesμIedaysk´Edr .

‘RkBH’ Baküza ²RkBH³ :ndl´ sac´manRTg´RTaydUcCaGNþat kñúgeBaH . RkBHenaH edayBN( CaBN(ex[v manBN(dUcCap,a edImKnÞIs . edayRTg´RTay manRTg´RTaydUcCaGNþatkUneKa

elI ehIytaMgenAsMyugcuH Rtg´cenøaH énedaHTaMgBIr BÆd*xagkñúg énsrIr; . edaybriecäT sYt elakkMNt´ehIy edaycMENk énsYt . enHCakiriyakMNt´ nUvcMENkrbs´xøÜn énsYtenaH . ÉkiriyakMNt´ nUvcMENkminesμIKña R:kdesμIedaysk´Edr .

‘eBaHev[nZM’

exμA manTgRbEvg 7 Zñab´ . edayTis RkBHenaH ekItehIy kñúg

Baküza ²eBaHev[nZM³ :ndl´ ExSeBaHev[nZM rbs´mnusS

TisxagelI . edayOkas RkBHenaH fitenAGaRs&ynUvxagCaTI

RbusmanRbEvg 32 htæ rbs´®sþI manRbEvg 28 htæ bt´ev[n

bMput éndM:reBaH kñuúgEpñkxageqVgénebHdUg . kalebIRkBHel[n

cuHeLIg kñúgTITaMgLay 21 pñt´ .

ecjmkxageRkA eRBaHkarRbharedayeRK]gRbharehIy stVTaMg

CaBN(-s manBN(dUcCakMe:r layedayRkYs . edayRTg´

Lay k*nwgGs´CIvit . edaybriecäT elakkMNt´ edaycMENk

RTay eBaHev[nZM manRTg´RTaydUcCaBs´ Edldac´k|al RtUveK

énRkBH .

bMeBnehIy tMkl´Tuk kñúgsñÚkénQam .

enHCakiriyakMNt´ nUvcMENkrbs´xøÜn énRkBHenaH .

eBaHev[nZMenHenaH edayB(N

edayTis ekItehIy


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GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

kñúgTisTaMgLayBIr . edayOkas eBaHev[nZM taMgenA xagkñúg

vtæúEdlbuK<lsuI pwk TMBasIu nig liD manenA kñúgeBaH

srIr; kñúgTIbMputénbMBg´-k nig pøÚvénkrIs; eRBaHxagelIeBaHev[n

eQμaHza GaharzμI . GaharzμIenaH edayBN( manBN(dUcCa

ZMenaH Cab´enARtg´bMBg´-k pg xageRkam Rtg´pøÚvénkrIs;pg .

Gahar EdlelbcUleTA . edayRTg´RTay manRTg´RTaydUcCa

edaybriecäT elakkMNt´ehIy edaycMENkéneBaHev[nZM . enH

Gg,r EdlbuK<levcehIyy¨agZUr kñúgsMBt´tMrgTwk . edayTis

CakiriyakMNt´ nUvcMENkrbs´xøÜn éneBaHev[nZMenaH .

taMgenA kñúgTisxagelI . edayOkas fitenA kñúgeBaH .

Ékiriya

kMNt´nUvcMENkminesμIKña R:kdesμIedaysk´Edr .

‘eBaHev[ntUc’ ‘159’

‘eBaH’ eQμaHza eBaH KWGvyv;EdlruMB&TÆnUgeBaHev[nZM R:kdesμI

Baküza ²eBaHev[ntUc³ KWeBaHev[nCaeRK]gcg kñúg

edaykare:¨gEdlekItRBm Rtg´kNþalénsMBt´TTwk EdlbuK<l

TIéncgVayeBaHev[nZMTaMgLy . eBaHev[ntUcenaH edayBN( Ca

rYmxagTaMgBIr xageRkA rlIg xagkñúg R:kdesμIedaysMBt´Edl

BN(-s manBN(dUcCab\séncg,úlNI . edayRTg´RTay man

x©b´nUvTwkrdUv RbLak´edayeRK]grMunUvkaksac´ kareBalza ² ‘xag

RTg´RTaydUcCab\séncg,úlNIhñwgÉg . edayTis ekItehIykñúg

kñúgóTrenaH’ R:kdesμIedayxagkñúg énsMbkxñúrEdlsÁúy³ dUecñH

TisTaMgLayBIr . edayOkas eBaHev[nTUcenaH cgehIy nUv

xøH k*KYr . dg,ÚvTaMgLay man 32 hÚVg manCaGaTi¾ y¨agenHdUecñH

cgVayeBaHev[nZM

omanTIbMputxagcug kñúgTICamYyKña dUcCaExS

KW dg,ÚvTaMgLay eQμaHtek,adk; 1 eQμaHKNÐúb|aTk; 1 eQμaH

énynþcgnUvEpnkþar énynþTaMgLay kñúgeBlEdlBYkCag eZVIkic©

talhIrk; 1 eQμaHsUcimuxk; 1 eQμaHbdtnþÚ 1 eQμaHsutþk;1

karTaMgLay mankargarkab´edaycb nig bU¨vezACaedIm TajnUv

CastVBBak´BBUnelIKña eRtceTACaBYk> enAGaRs&ykñúgeBaHç BYk

ynþ taMgenAehIy kñúgcenøaH éncgVayeBaHev[nZMTaMg 21 cgVay

dg,Úv kalebIvtæúman:y nig TwkCaedIm minman k*ke®J¢aleLIg

dUcCaExStUcEdledrnUveBaHev[nZMenaH kñúgcenøaHénmNÐl RTnab´

ERskCJ¢k´nUvsac´ebHdUg nig kñúgeBlEdlbuK<lelb nUvGahar

sMrab´CUteCIgy¨agenaHÉg ehIytaMgenA . edaybriecäT eBaHev[n

manTwk nig ePaCnCaedImcUleTA vamanmat´eTA BÆd*xagelI rvIm

TUcenaH elakkMNt´ehIy edaycMENkéneBaHev[nTUc . enHCa

rvam CEJ¢gKña nUvBMnUtBIrbIBMnUt EdlbuK<lelbcUleTA CadMbUgç

kiriyakMNt´ nUvcMENkrbs´xøÜn éneBaHev[ntUcenaH . Ékiriya

eBaH dUcCapÞHCaTIekIt Cavc©kudi CamnÞIreBTü nig CaéRBsμsan

kMNt´ nUvcMENkminesμIKña R:kdesμI edaysk´Edr .

rbs´dg,ÚvTaMgLayenaHç kñúgeBaH vtæúmanTwk nig ePaCnCaedImman

‘GaharzμI’

RbkarepSg> EdlGERgKWeZμjlMGitehIy Edléd KWGNþatpat´


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GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

RbmUlehIy B&nÆB&TÆehIyedaydMuTwkmat´ kñuúgxN;enaH vaCarbs´

Cars ehIycUleTA TMnukbMrugnUvvtæúmanQam nig sac´CaedIm .

dl´RBmedayvtæúmanBN( køin nig rsCaedIm eTAR:sehIy dUc

edaybriecäT eBaHenaH elakkMNt´ehIy edaydM:réneBaHhñwg

Twk:yénCagtm|aj nig kMGYtEqÁ Zøak´cuHehIy CavtæúruMB&TÆeday

Ég nig edaycMENkénGaharzμIpgEdr .

Rbmat´ esøsμ nig xül´ CavtæúBuHehIy edaykMLaMg énkMedAePøIg

cMENkrbs´xøÜn éneBaHenaH . ÉkiriyakMNt´ nUvcMENkminesμIKña

kñúgeBaH vwkvr edayhVÚgdg,Úv beJ©jnUvBBuH nig kMeBjTaMgLay

R:kdesμIedaysk´Edr .

enH CakiriyakMNt´nUv

‘Gaharcas´’

BÆd*xagelI> dl´nUvPav;CakaksMNl´EdlmankøinGaRkk´ nig KYr ex¬IméRkeBk fitenA ‘kñúgeBaH’ manóbmadUcCa kalebIePø{g man

óc©ar; eQμaHza Gaharcas´ . Gaharcas´enaH edayB(N

RKab´d*ezøas bgÁúrcuH kñúgniTaXsm&y‘rdUvekþA’ CasaksBepSg>

manBN(dUcCaGahar EdlbuK<lelbcUleTAehIyhñwgÉg eday

cab´edImGMBImURt krIs; kMNat´Es|k kMNat´qÁwg kMNat´srés

eRcIn . edayRTg´RTay manRTg´RTaydUcCaOkas . edayTis

Twkmat´ TwksMe:r nig Qam

KWTwkbnSat´mk Zøak´cuH kñúgreNþA

ekItehIy kñúgTisxageRkam . edayOkas fitenAehIykñúgRkBH

RCaM Ek|rTVarRsukénmnusScNÐal RbLÚkRbLak´ehIy edayPk´

énGaharcas´ . eQμaHza RkBHénGaharcas´ R:kdesμIeday

nig Twk GMeNIHBIrbIézámk manhÚVgdg,Úv ekItRBmeLIg BuHehIy

bMBg´b\sSI kMBs´RbEvg 8 Gg<úlI fitenA kñúgTIbMputéneBaHev[nZM

edaykMLaMgénkMedARBHGaTitüdutehIy beJ©jnUvBBuH nigkMeBj

kñúgcenøaH énp©itxageRkam nig Kl´énRTnugxñgTaMgLayç vtæúman

TaMgLay BÆd*xagelI manBN(ex[véRkeBk mankøinsÁúyéRkElg

Twk nig ePaCnCaedIm ÉNamYy EdlZøak´cuHehIy kñúgRkBH én

KWbuK<lKYrex¬Im dl´nUvPaBCarUb minKYredIrcUleTACit minKYredIm|I

GaharzμI EdlePøIgkñúgeBaH cMGinehIy> opuseLIgCaBBuH dl´

eXIjeLIy taMgenA nwgcaM:c´eBaleTAzVI dl´karhit ß karliD

ehIy nUvPaBCarbs´lÁit dUcCakinedayzμkin ehIyhUrcuHtamrnÆ

dUecñaHÉg . PaBénkarminKab´citþ kñúgvtæúTaMgLay manTwk nig

éneBaHev[nZM sg,t´enAelIKña dUcCadIsÁitBN(el]g EdlbuK<l

ePaCnCaedIm

caM:c´eBaleTAzVI

Rc:c´dak´cUleTA kñúgzñaMgb\sSI taMgenAkñúgRkBH énGaharcas´

mYyeT[t vtúæmanTwk nig

dUcCaTwkePø{gEdlZøak´cuHehIy kñúgPUmiPaKBÆd*xagelI hUrcuHehIy

ePaCnCaedIm EdlZøak´cUlehIy kñúgeBaH dl´nUvkarEbgEckCa

júaMgPUmiPaKxageRkam oeBjeRb[behIytaMgenA y¨agenaHÉg .

rEmgekIteLIg

eRBaH»nUveBaH

eRBaHBicarNaeXIj edaybJ¦ackú¡ .

5 cMENk KWBYkstVTMBasIumYycMENk ePøIgkñúgeBaHdutmYycMENk cMENkmYyCaTwkmURt cMENkmYyCakrIs; cMENkmYydl´nUvPaB

edaybriecäT

Gaharcas´enaH

elakkMNt´ehIy eday

dM:rénRkBH énGaharcas´pg edaycMENk énkrIs;pgEdr .


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enH CakiriyakMNt´ nUvcMENkrbs´xøÜn énGaharcas´enaH . É

edayOkas Rbmat´minmaneRsam elIkElgnUvTIEdlputRsLH

kiriyakMNt´ nUvcMENkminesμIKña R:kdesμI edaysk´Edr .

caksac´ énsk´ eram eZμj nig RkckTaMgLaypg nUvEs|kTaMg

‘xYrkñúgk|al’ KMnrénxYrEdltaMgenA

rwgTaMgsáÜtpg RCYtRCabeTAkan´srIr;d*essehIytaMgenA dUcCa xYrkñúg

tMNk´eRbg RCYtRCabnUvTwk y¨agenaHÉg kalebIRbmat´minman

k|al . xYrkñúgk|alenaH edayBN( CaBN(-s manBN(dUcCa

eRsamkMerIkehIy EPñkTaMgLayénstVTaMgLay CaZmμCatel]g

dMuénpSitk|alBs´ .

kareBalza ²manBN(dUcCaTwkedaHRss´

RsvaMg xøÜnjab´j&r rmas´ . Rbmat´maneRsam fitenAehIykñúg

xUc Edlmindl´nUvPaBCaTwkedaHCUr³ dUecñHxøHk*KYrEdr . edayRTg´

eRsamRbmat´ EdldUcCasMbknenagéRBd*ZM GaRs&ynUvsac´ezøIm

RTay manRTg´RTaytamOkas .

edayTis ekIt kñúgTisxag

ehIytaMgenA kñuúgcenøaHénebHdUg nig sYt kalebIRbmat´Edlman

elI . edayOkas xYrkñúgk|alenaH GaRs&ysERgkTaMgLay 4

eRsam kMerIkehIy stVTaMgLay nwgeTACaq,Üt mancitþrevIrvay

taMgenACMuKñaehIy xagkñúgénllad¾k|al

bIdUcCaduMénemSA 4 duM

lHbg´ecalnUvhiri nig Otþb|; eZVInUvGMeBIEdleKminKYreZVI niyay

EdleKRbmUlTukCMuKña y¨agenaHÉg . edaybriecäT xYrkñúgk|al

BaküEdleKminKYrniyay KitnUver]gEdlbuK<lminKYrKit. eday

elakkMNt´ edayépÞxagkñúg énllad¾k|al nig edaycMENk

briecäT Rbmat´enaH elakkMNt´ehIy edaycMENkénRbmat´ .

énxYrkñúgk|alpg .

enH CakiriyakMNt´ nUvcMENkrbs´xøÜn énRbmat´enaH . Ékiriya

kñúgk|alenaH .

kñúgllad¾k|al

eQμaHza

enHCakiriyakMNt´ nUvcMENkrbs´xøÜn énxYr

ÉkiriyakMNt´ nUvcMENkminesμIKña

R:kdesμI

kMNt´nUvcMENkminesμIKña R:kdesμIedaysk´Edr .

edaysk´Edr .

‘esøsμ’ ‘Rbmat´’

‘160’

Baküza ²Rbmat´³ KW Rbmat´man 2 KW Rbmat´man

Baküza ²esøsμ³ KW esøsμEdlmanRbmaNeBjmYy:Rt xagkñúgénsrIr; . esøsμenaH edayBN( manBN(-s manB(N

eRsam 1 Rbmat´minmaneRsam 1 . bNþaRbmat´TaMgenaH Rbmat´

bIdUcCaTwk énsøwkxÞwmxab´ .

maneRsam edayBN( manBN(dUcCaeRbgRsKMxab´ Rbmat´min

Okas . edayTis ekIt kñúgTisxagelI . edayOkas taMgenA

maneRsam manBN(dUcCap,aBkulsVit . edayRTg´RTay Rbmat´

ehIy kñuúgdM:réneBaH esøsμ kñúgeBlbuK<lelbnUvGaharmanTwk

TaMg 2 manRTg´RTaytamOkas .

nig ePaCnCaedIm kalebITwk nig ePaCnCaedIm Zøak´cUleTA va

edayTis Rbmat´maneRsam

ekIt kñúgTisxagelI Rbmat´«teRsam ekItkñúgTisTaMgLay 2 .

edayRTg´RTay manRTg´RTaytam

EbkeTACaBIrcMENk RKbCitCMuvij fitenAtamedIm manóbmadUcCa


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GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

saray nig ck kñúgTwk kalebIkMNat´eQI ß ek|}g Zøak´cuHeTA

manbUs nig pþÜcCaedIm ekIteLIg kñúgsrIrb|eTsNa> xÞúH k*taMg

k*EbkCaBIrcMENk RKbCMuCitehIytaMgenA dUcedImvij dUecñaHÉg .

enAkñúgsrIrb|eTsenaH> . edaybriecäT xÞúHenaHelakkMNt´ehIy

mYyeT[t kalebIesøsμ mantictYc eBaH CaZmμCat mankøindUcCa

edaycMENkénxÞúH .

saksB EdlKYrex¬IméRkElg dUcCabUsEdlTMu‘Zøay’pg dUcCa

enaH . ÉkarkMNt´nUvcMENkminesμIKña R:kdesμIedaysk´Edr .

Bgman´sÁúypg mankøinsÁuúyKYrex¬Im dUecñaHEdr . mYyeT[t eRBaH

‘Qam’

enHCakarkMNt´ nUvcMENkrbs´xøÜn énxÞúH

køinEdlekIteLIgehIy GMBIeBaHenaH TaMgkarePIreLIg TaMgmat´ k*

Baküza ²Qam³ KW Qamman 2 y¨ag KW; Qamxab´ 1

mankøinsÁúy dUcCasaksBEdlmankøinsÁúy . mYyeT[t burs

Qamrav 1 . bNþaQamTaMgBIrenaH Qamxab´ edayBN( man

enaH nwgdl´nUvPaBCaGñkKWeKeBal ‘edj’ za ²cUrGñkec[secj

BN(dUcCaTwkl&k¡ EdlbuK<lcMGinxab´ Qamrav manBN(dUcCa

eTA GñkpSaynUvkøinminlÁ³ dUecñH .

mYyeT[t esøsμ cMerIneLIg

Twkl&k¡d*zøa .

edayRTg´RTay QamTaMgBIr manRTg´RTay tam

dl´nUvPaBCarbs´xab´ biTkøinénsaksBCit BÆd*xagkñuúg éndM:r

Okas . edayTis Qamxab´ ekItehIy kñúgTisxagelI Qam

eBaHhñwgÉg ehIyfitenA dUcCakþarKRmbvc©kudi . edaybriecäT

eRkAenH ekItkñúgTisTaMgLayBIr . edayOkas Qamrav elITuk

esøsμenaH elakkMNt´ehIyedaycMENkénesøsμ . enHCakiriya

nUvTIbMputcaksac´ énsk´ eram eZμj nig RkckTaMgLaypg nUv

kMNt´nUvcMENkrbs´xøÜn énesøsμenaH . ÉkiriyakMNt´nUvcMENk

Es|kTaMgrwgTaMgsáÜtpg pSayeTAkan´ó:TinñksrIr;TaMgGs´ehIy

minesμIKña R:kdesμIedaysk´Edr .

taMgenA

tamExSbNþajénsrés

Qamxab´

júaMgcMENkxag

eRkaménTItaMgénezøImoeBjehIy manRbmaNeBjmYy:Rt hUr

‘xÞúH’ Baküza ²xÞúH³ KW xÞúHenaH manBN(dUcCasøwkeQIel]g . Et

ecjbnþic> xagelI éntMrgbsSav; ebHdUg ezøIm nig sYt júaMg

kñúgsrIr;mnusSEdlsøab´ehIy xÞúHmanBN(dUcCaTwk:ypÁÚmxab´.

tMrgbsSav; ebHdUg ezøIm nig sYtTaMgLay oesImfitenA eRBaH

edayRTg´RTay manRTg´RTaytamOkas . edayTis mankñúg

za kalebIQamenaH minjúaMgGakar;TaMgLay mantMrgbsSav;

TisTaMgLayBIr . ebIeBaltamOkas ZmμtaOkasénxÞúH Cab´Ca

ebHdUgCaedIm oesImeT stVTaMgLay k*nwgeRskXøan . eday

nic© minman xÞúHenaH kkehIyfitenA kñúgOkas .

k*kalebIsrIr-

briecäT QamenaH elakkMNt´ehIyedaycMENkénQam . enH

b|eTs EdlvtæúTaMgLaymandg<t´ bnøa eRK]gRbhar nigGNþat

CakiriyakMNt´ nUvcMENkrbs´xøÜnénQamenaH . ÉkiriyakMNt´

ePøIgCaedIm bHTg<icehIy QamedarehIyBg ßk* BkTaMgLay

nUvcMENkminesμIKña R:kdesμIedaysk´Edr .


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‘ejIs’

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GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

énEs|k nig sac´ sMrab´mnusSs<m manRTg´RTaydUcCakMNat´

Baküza ²ejIs³ KW ZatuTwkEdlhUrecj GMBIrnÆTaMgLay

sMBt´BIrCan´ manBN(dUcCarem[t EdlbuK<leZVIoeTACaBIrbICan´

manrnÆeramCaedIm . ejIsenaH edayBN( manBN(dUcCaeRbglá

ehIytMkl´Tuk eRBaHGaRs&y nUvsac´TaMgLayenH KW; sac´sμg

d*zøa . edayRTg´RTay manRTg´RTaytamOkas. edayTis ekIt

sac´ePøA sac´xñg EdlGaRs&ynUvRTnugxñg sac´kNþab´eBaH .

kñúgTisTaMgLayBIr . edayOkas ejIsenaH Kb|IfitenA sBV>

edayTis xøaj´xab´ekItehIykñúgTisTaMgLayBIr . edayOkas

kal dUcCaQam kñúgOkasNa ZmμtaOkasénejIs Cab´Canic©

xøaj´xab´ pSayeTAkan´srIr;TaMgmUl rbs´mnusSZat´ GaRs&ynUv

enaH minman .

sac´epSg>

k*kñúgkalNa srIr; sÁúHsÁab´GMBIehtuTaMgLay

mansac´sμgmnusSs<mCaedImfitenA

CnTaMgLay

mankMedAePøIg kMedARBHGaTitü nig karERbRbYlrdUvCaedIm kñúgkal

minkan´yknUvxøaj´xab´ sUm|Idl´ehIynUvkarrab´za CaeRbg edIm|I

enaH ejIs k*hUrecj GMBIcenøaH énrnÆsk´ nig eramTaMgBYg dUc

RbeyaCn¾eZVICaeRbg ‘sMrab´labnUvsk´’ elIk|al minkan´yk

Ca:c´énTgQUk RKan´EtbuK<ldkehIy GMBITwk manRkeGA nig

edIm|IRbeyaCn¾ dl´vtæúTaMgLaymaneRbgsMrab´hit tamRcmuH Ca

sUm|IRTg´RTay énejIsenaH

edIm eRBaHxøaj´xab´nu@H Carbs´EdlKYrex¬IméRkeBk . edaybriecäT

bNÐitKb|IRCab edayGMNacéncenøaHénrnÆsk´ nigeramhñwgÉg .

xageRkam xøaj´xab´enaH elakkMNt´ehIy edaysac´ xagelI

k*RBHeyaKI GñkkMNt´nUvejIs Kb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþnUvejIs eday

kMNt´edayEs|k TTwg kMNt´edaycMENk énxøaj´xab´ .

GMNacénejIsEdljúaMgcenøaH énrnÆsk´ nig eram oeBjehIy

CakiriyakMNt´ nUvcMENkrbs´xøÜn énxøaj´xab´enaH .

fitenAhñwgÉg . edaybriecäT ejIs elakkMNt´ehIy eday

kMNt´ nUvcMENkminesμIKña R:kdesμIedaysk´Edr .

b\s dac´minesμIKña eRBaHehtuenaH

cMENkénejIs .

enHCakiriyakMNt´ nUvcMENkrbs´xøÜnénejIs

enaH . ÉkarkMNt´nUvcMENkminesμIKña R:kdesμIedaysk´Edr .

‘xøaj´xab´’ Baküza ²xøaj´xab´³ KW C&rEdlxab´ . xøaj´xab´enaH eday

enH

Ékiriya

‘TwkEPñk’ Baküza ²TwkEPñk³ KWZatuTwkEdlhUrecjBIEPñkTaMgLay. TwkEPñkenaH edayBN( manBN(dUcCaeRbglád*zøa . edayRTg´ RTay manRTg´RTaytamOkas . edayTis ekItehIy kñúgTis

BN( manBN(dUcCarem[tEdlbuK<lcitehIy . edayRTg´RTay

xagelI . edayOkas fitenAehIy kñúgrnÆEPñkTaMgLay .

xøaj´xab´ sMrab´mnusSZat´ mun manRTg´RTaydUcCakMNat´sMBt´

TwkEPñkenH min:ndk´enA sBV> kal kñúgrnÆEPñkTaMgLay dUcCa

BIrCan´ manBN(dUcCarem[t

TwkRbmat´dk´enA kñúgeRsamRbmat´eT .

EdlbuK<ltMkl´TukehIy kñúgcenøaH

k*kñúgkalNa

bu¨Enþ

stVTaMg


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GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

Lay ekItesamnsS esIcy¨agxøaMg ekIteTamnsS yMxSwkxSÜl

kMedARBHGaTitü rdUvminesμI nig ZatuminesμITaMgLay kñúgeBlenaH

ßk* elbGaharminesμI mansPaBdUecñaH

xøaj´xab´enaH sJ©reTA xagnu@Hpg xagenHpg kñúgsrIrb|eTsTaMg

EPñkTaMgLay

énstVTaMgLayenaH

mYyeT[t kñúgkalNa

xÞaMgxÞb´

edayvtæúTaMgLay

LayenaH dUcCatMNk´eRbgEdlRsk´cuHeTA elITwkEdlzøa kñuúg

manEpSgZUlI nig Gacm¾dICaedIm kñúgkalenaH TwkEPñkenaH k*ekIt

eBlEdlgUtdUecñaHÉg . edaybriecäT xøaj´ravenaH elakkMNt´

eLIg eRBaHesamnsS nig eTamnsS Gahar nig rdUvEdlminesμI

ehIy edaycMENkénxøaj´rav .

TaMgLayenHehIy fitenAeBjrnÆEPñkxøH hUrecjmkxøH . k*RBH

rbs´xøÜnénxøaj´ravenaH . ÉkarkMNt´nUvcMENkminesμIKña R:kd

eyaKI GñkkMNt´nUvTwkEPñk Kb|IkMNt´ edayGMNac énTwkEPñk

esμIedaysk´Edr .

enHCakiriyakMNt´ nUvcMENk

‘Twkmat´’

EdljúaMgrnÆEPñkTaMgLay oeBjehIy fitenAhñwgÉg . eday briecäT TwkEPñk elakkMNt´ehIy edaycMENkénTwkEPñk . enH

ZatuTwklayedayBBuH BÆd*xagkñúgmat´ eQμaHzaTwkmat´ .

CakiriyakMNt´ nUvcMENkrbs´xøÜnénTwkEPñkenaH . ÉkiriyakMNt´

Twkmat´enaH edayBN( KWBN(-s manBN(dUcBBuHTwk . eday

nUvcMENkminesμIKña R:kdesμIedaysk´Edr .

RTg´RTay manRTg´RTaytamOkas. kareBalza ²manRTg´RTay dUcCaBBuHTwk³ dUecñHxøH k*KYr .

‘xøaj´rav’ ‘161’

edayTis ekItehIy kñúgTisxag

Baküza ²xøaj´rav³ ERbza C&rrav . xøaj´ravenaH

elI . edayOkas Twkmat´enaH hUrcuH tamxagénz¬al´TaMgBIr

edayBN( manBN(dUceRbgdUg . kareBalza ²manBN(dUcCa

ehIyfitenA elIGNþat . bu¨EnþTwkmat´enaH minEdldk´enA kñúgTI

eRbgEdleKeRsacehIy kñúgTwk:y³ dUecñHxøH k*KYr . edayRTg´

nu@H sBV> kal eT k*kñúgeBlNa stVTaMgLayeXIj ß rlwk

RTay manRTg´RTaydUcCatMNt´eRbgEdlRsk´cuH GENþt BÆd*

dl´nUvGahar y¨agdUecñaH ßk* dak´nUvGaharNamYy kñúgcMeNam

xagelI énTwkEdlzøa kñúgevlaEdlgUt . edayTis ekItkñúgTis

GaharEdlmanrsekþA lVIg hwr éRb nig CUr TaMgLay kñúgmat´

TaMgLayBIr . edayOkas PaKeRcIn xøaj´xab´enaH fitenAehIy

ßk* kñúgeBlNa ebHdUg rbs´stVTaMgLayenaH rmYl ß esckþI

elIépÞéd xñgéd épÞeCIg xñgeCIg ekþagRcmuH záas nig cg,Úy

ex¬Im ekIteLIgkñúgvtæúNamYyhñwgÉg kñúgeBlenaH Twkmat´ ekIt

sμaTaMgLay . b¨uEnþxøaj´xab´enH minEmnCaZmμCatrlay fitenA

eLIgehIy hUrcuH tamxagénz¬al´TaMgLayBIr ehIyfitenA elI

kñúgOkasTaMgenH sBV> kal :neT

GNþat . mYyeT[t Twkmat´enaH elIcugGNþat mantic elIKl´

k*kñúgeBlNa RbeTs ‘KW

ragkay’ TaMgenaH CasPav;mancMhayekItehIy eRBaHkMedAePøIg

GNþat maneRcIn .

mYyeT[t GNþatn@uH mindl´nUvkarGs´eTA


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esaHeLIy dUcCaTwkGNþÚg EdlbuK<lCIkehIy elIdIxSac´ Ek|r

Edldk´enAeBjekþagRcmuHhñwgÉg . edaybriecäT TwksMe:renaH

sÞwg mindl´nUvkarGs´eTA dUecñaHÉg CaTwkmat´Gac edIm|InwgjúaMg

elakkMNt´ehIy edaycMENkénTwksMe:r . enHCakarkMNt´

GMbuk ß Gg,r ßk* júaMgxaTnIy; déTNamYy EdleKdak´cUleTA

nUvcMENk rbs´xøÜnénTwksMe:renaH .

ehIy kñúgmat´ oesIm:n .

esμIKña R:kdesμIedaysk´Edr .

edaybriecäT Twkmat´enaH elak

kMNt´ehIy edaycMENkénTwkmat´ . enHCakarkMNt´nUvcMENk rbs´xøÜnénTwkmat´enaH .

ÉkarkMNt´ nUvcMENkminesμIKña R:kd

‘TwklMGil’ saksBCalMGil BÆd*xagkñúg éntMNkñúgsrIr; eQμaHza TwklMGil . TwklMGilenaH edayBN( manBN(dUcCaC&r énp,a

esμIedaysk´Edr .

kNÑikar . edayRTg´RTay manRTg´RTaytamOkas . ekIt kñúg

‘TwksMe:r’ TwkminsÁat

ÉkarkMNt´ nUvcMENkmin

eQμaHza

TisTaMgLayBIr . edayOkas TwklMGilenaH fitenA xagkñúg

TwksMe:renaH edayBN( manBN(bIdUcCaxYr kñúg

éntMN 180 júaMgkic©KWkarbt´nUvtMNénqÁwgTaMgLay osMerc .

RKab´etñatx©I . edayRTg´RTay manRTg´RTaytamOkas . eday

k*TwklMGilnu@H énbuK<lNamantic kalebIbuK<lenaH eRkakeLIg

Tis ekItehIy kñúgTisxagelI . edayOkas fitenAeBjekþag

Gg<úycuH QaneTAmux QanzyeRkay bt´cUl laecj qÁwgTaMg

RcmuH . bu¨Enþ TwksMe:renaH minfitenA kñúgekþagRcmuHnu@H sBV>

Lay k*rEmglan´»sUrsMeLgkd;kd; dUcCabuK<ledIrpÞat´Rmam

kaleT . tamBit kñúgeBlNa stVTaMgLay yM ßk* CaGñkman

éd y¨agdUecñaHÉg . kalbuK<lenaH edIreTAkan´pøÚvqáay Gs´TI

karkMerIkénZatuEdlekIteLIg edayGMNacénGahar nigrdUv man

Rtwm 1 eyaCn¾ nig 2 eyaCn¾

cMENkminesμI kñúgeBlenaH xYrkñúgk|al Edldl´ehIynUvPaBCa

k*lM:k . Etza TwklMGil énbuK<lNa maneRcIn qÁwgTaMgLay

esøsμsÁúy hUrecj GMBIxagkñúgk|al ehIyqøgcuH tamcenøaHTI

énbuK<lenaH minlan´»sUrsMeLg kd;kd; kñúgkarkMerIkTaMgLay

bMputRkGUmmat´ehIy júaMgekþagRcmuHoeBj ehIyfitenAxøH hUr

mankareRkak nig karGg<úyCaedImeT

ecjxøH dUcCabursx©b´nUvTwkedaHCUr kñúgsøwkQUkehIy ykbnøa

eTAkan´pøÚvqáay vaeyaZatu k*minkMerIk xøÜnTaMgLay k*minlM:k .

cak´ BÆd*xageRkam kalebIdUecñaH TwkedaHCUrrav k*hUrecjmk tam

edaybriecäT TwklMGilenaH elakkMNt´ehIy edaycMENkén

RbehagenaHehIy Kb|IZøak´cuHmkxageRkA y¨agenaHÉg . k*RBH

TwklMGil. enHCakarkMNt´nUvcMENkrbs´xøÜnénTwklMGilenaH .

eyaKIGñkkMNt´nUvTwksMe:r Kb|IkMNt´ edayGMNacTwksMe:r

ÉkarkMNt´ nUvcMENkminesμIKña R:kdesμIedaysk´Edr .

TwksMe:r .

EdlhUrecjmk

GMBIxYrkñúgk|al

vaeyaZatu k*kMerIk

xøÜnTaMgLay

kalebIbuK<lenaH sUm|IedIr


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79

‘TwkmURt’

80

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

tamn&yza ²edaylMdab´ edayminel]neBk³ dUecñHCaedIm kñúgTI

Baküza ²TwkmURt³ KW edayBN( TwkmURtenaHmanBN(dUc

bMputénkarQanknøgnUvbJ¦tþi BicarNa nUvkayenHza ²sk´TaMg

CaTwkk|úg énsENþkraCmas . edayRTg´RTay manRTg´RTay

Lay man kñúgkayenH³ dUecñHCaGaTi¾ Zm(TaMgLayTaMgBYgenaH Ca

dUcCaTwkEdlfitenA xagkñúgkÁmTwk EdlbuK<ldak´p,ab´mat´ eTA

Zm(R:kd minmunmineRkay eRb[bdUcCakalbursmanckú¡ RkeLk

xageRkam . edayTis ekIt kñúgTisxageRkam . edayOkas

emIlnUvp,akRmg EdleKRkgp,amanBN( 32 Rbkar edayGMe:H

fitenAxagkñúg énRkBHbsSav; . epøakénRkBHbsSav; elakehA

mYysrésrYmKña p,aTaMgBYgTaMgLayCap,aR:kd minmunmineRkay

za eQμaHza RkBHbsSav; .

TwkmURt GMBIsrIr; kñúgRkBHbsSav;

dUecñaHÉg . eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbelakeBalTuk kñúgmnsikareka-

EtghUrcUl Etza pøÚvCaTIhUrcUleTA énTwkmURtenaH minR:kdeT

sløkza za; k*GaTikmμikbuK<l kaleZVITukkñúgcitþ za ²eksa³

R:kdEtpøÚvCaTIhUrecj dUcCaTwkRCaM hUrcUleTA kñúgkÁmEdlRsaM

dUecñH mnsikar eTATl´nwgcMENkCaTIbMputenHza ²mutþM³ ehIyfit

manmat´cuHeRkam EdlbuK<ldak´ehIyenAEk|rreNþATwkRCaM EtpøÚv CaTIhUrcUleTA énTwkRCaMenaH minR:kd y¨agenaHÉg . mYyeT[t kalebIRkBHbsSav; eBjehIy edayTwkmURt esckþIxVlx ´ Vayza ²eyIgTaMgLaybenÞabg´nUvbsSav;³ Etgmandl´stVTaMgLay . edaybriecäT TwkmURtenaH elakkMNt´ehIy edayxagkñúgénRkBH bsSav;pg edaycMENk énTwkmURtpgEdr . cMENkrbs´xøÜn énTwkmURtenaH .

enHCakarkMNt´nUv

ÉkarkMNt´nUvcMENkminesμIKña

R:kdesμIedaysk´Edr .

srub ‘162’

k*kalRBHeyaKI kalkMNt´nUvcMENkTaMgLay

mansk´CaedIm edayGMNacénBN( RTg´RTay Tis Okas nig briecäT y¨agenHehIy eZVITukkñúgcitþza ²bdikUl>³ edaycMENk 5

edayGMNayBN( RTg´RTay køin TIenAGaRs&y nig Okas

enA . k*RbsinebIRBHeyaKIenaH RbmUlmknUvmnsikar sUm|Ixag eRkA kalebIdUecñH nakalekadðas;TaMgBYgTaMgLayR:kd dl´ RBHeyaKIenaH y¨agenH stVTaMgLay manmnusS nig tircäan Ca edIm EdledIrmk lHbg´nUvGakar;rbs´stV rEmgR:kd eday GMNacénKMnrénekadðas;Etmüa¨g

k*vtæúmanTwk nig ePaCn CaedIm

EdlstVTaMgLaymanmnusS nig tircäanCaedImenaH elbcUleTA rEmgR:kd bIdUcCavtæúEdleKdak´cUleTA kñúgKMnrénekadðas; .

‘nimitþ kñúglMdab´enaH

nig

Gb|na’

kalRBHeyaKIenaH eZVITukkñúgcitþer]y> za

²bdikUl>³ edayGMNacénmnsikarekasløviZI mankarlHbg´nUv lMdab´CaedIm Gb|na rEmgekIteLIg tamlMdab´ . kñúgkiriyaekIt eLIgénGb|naenaH bNÐitKb|IRCabza; kiriyaR:kd edayGMNac énBN( RTg´RTay Tis Okas

nig briecäT éncMENkTaMgLay


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82

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

‘ehtuEdlehAzakayKtasti’

mansk´CaedIm eQμaHza óK<hnimitþ kiriyaR:kd ‘énekadðas; TaMgenaH’ edayGMNacénbdikUl edayGakar;RKb´y¨ag eQμaHza bdiPaKnimtþ .

kalRBHeyaKI esB eZIVoeRcIn nUvbdiPaKnimitþ

enaH Gb|na rEmgekIteLIg edayGMNacénbfmCÄan bIdUcCa

k*kmμdðanenH sUm|IsMerc edayGMNacénbfmCÄan y¨ag dUecñH k*elakehAza ²kayKtasti³ eRBaHsMerc edaykMLaMg én sti kñúgcMENkTaMgLay manBN( nig RTg´RTayCaedIm .

‘GanisgScMerInkayKtasti’

Gb|na kñúgGsuPkmμdðan tamn&yEdleyIgeBalmkehIy . RBH eyaKavcrNamancMENkmYyKt´R:kd ßRBHeyaKavcrNa dl´

k*ÉPikú¡EdlRbkber]y>

nUvkayKtastienH

nUvGb|na kñúgcMENkmYyehIy mineZVInUvesckþIBüayam CaeRK]g

sg,t´esckþIeRtkGr

Rbkb kñúgcMENkdéT bEnæmeT[t

eRtkGr k*minRKbsg,t´nUvPikú¡enaHeLIy Pikú¡enaH EtgRKbsg,t´

eLIg dl´RBHeyaKavcrenaH .

Gb|na EtmYyKt´ rEmgekIt

cMENkÉRBHeyaKavcrNa man

edayesckIþmineRtkGr:n

CaGñkRKb

ehIy> nUvesckþImineRtkGrEdlekItehIy 1ç

TaMgesckþImin

CaGñkRKbsg,t´

cMENkd*eRcIn R:kd ßza RBHeyaKavcrNa dl´nUvQan kñúg

nUvP&y nig esckþIxøac:n

cMENkmYyehIy k*eZVInUvesckþIBüayamCaeRK]gRbkb sUm|Ikñúg

Pikú¡enaHBMu:neLIy Pikú¡enaHEtgRKbsg,t´ehIynUvP&y nig esckþI

cMENkdéT bnþeTAeT[t

bfmCÄanTaMgLay edaykiriyarab´nUv

xøacEdlekItehIy 1ç CaGñkGt´Zμt´cMeBaHRtCak´ kMedA ‘1’ .eb.

cMENk rEmgekIteLIg dl´RBHeyaKavcrenaH> dUcCabfmCÄan

CaGñkGt´Zμt´ cMeBaHKnøgBakü EdleKeBalGaRkk´ÇÇÇ EdlGacnaM

TaMgLay ekIteLIg dl´RBHmløketær dUecñaHÉg .

nUvCIvitecj:n 1ç CaGñk:nQan 4

:n»za elakGñkmanGayuenaH cab´édRBHGPyetær Gñk eBalKm¬IrTIXnikayehIy eBalza ²mñalGP&yd*manGayu bnþ GMBIenH cUrGñker[nnUvbJØaenHmun³ ehIyeBalza ²RBHmløketær CaGñk:n nUvbfmCÄan 32 kñúgcMENk 32 RbsinebIelakcUl nUvQanmYy kñúgevlayb´ QanmYy kñúgevlaézá elaksMercnUv QanenaH mþgeT[t edayknøHénExd*éRkElg RbsinebIelakcUl QanmYy ral´> ézá Elg³ dUecñHÉg .

elakk*sMerc mþgeT[t edayExmYyd*éRk

ÉP&y nig esckþIxøac RKbsg,t´ nUv

cak´ZøúHnUvGPiJ¦a 6 eRBaH

GaRs&ynUvBN(epSg> énekadðas;TaMgLay mansk´CaedIm .

eRBaHehtudUecñaHÉg

Pikú¡GñkmanR:C\a

Kb|ICaGñk

minRbmaT Rbkber]y>nUvkayKtastienH Edl manGanisgSeRcIn dUc:neBalmkenHÉg . enHCakzamux edayBisþar kñúgkayKtasti . v

1- suÇ mÇ

j

PaKTI 26 TMB&rTI 397 .

v


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83

Gana:nsti ‘163’

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs 2- Pikú¡enaH kaldkdegØImecjxøI k*dwgc|as´za GatμaGj

kñúgkal«LÚvenH Gana:nsStienaHNa EdlRBH

manRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´sresIr y¨agenH za ²mñalPikú¡TaMgLay Gana:nsStismaZienHÉg

84

EdlbuK<l:ncMerInehIy

:neZVIo

dkdegØImecjxøI ß kaldkdegØIycUlxøI k*dwgc|as´za GatμaGj dkdegØImcUlxøI . 3- Pikú¡sikSaza GatμaGjkMNt´dwgc|as´ nUvkay KWdk

eRcInehIy CaZm(lÁitpg CaZm(d*ótþmpg CaZm(minRcLÚkRcLM

degØImecjTaMgBYg

eday ‘tNØa nig ó:Tan’ pg

dwgc|as´nUvkay KWdkdegØImcUlTaMgBYg nwgdkdegØImcUl .

CaZm(CaeRK]genAnaMmknUvesckþI

nwgdkdegØImecj

sikSaza

GatμaGjkMNt´

suxpg EtgjúaMgZm(TaMgLay CaGkusld*lamk EdlekIteLIg

4- Pikú¡sikSaza GatμaGj kalrmáab´nUvkaysg¡ar KWdk

ehIy> oGnþrZan osáb´rmáab´eTA edayehtud*smKYr³ y¨ag

degØImecj nwgdkdegØImecj sikSaza GatμaGj kalrmáab´ nUv

dUecñHehIy RTg´sMEdgecj oCakmμdðanmanvtæú 16 y¨agdUecñHza

kaysg¡ar KWdkdegØImcUl nwgdkdegØImcUl .

‘ctuk,;TI2’

²mñalPikú¡TaMgLay cuHGana:nsStismaZi EdlbuK<l:ncMerIn ehIy :neZVIoeRcInehIy CaZm(lÁitpg CaZm(d*ótþmpg CaZ(m

5- Pikú¡sikSaza GatμaGj kMNt´dwgc|as´nUvbIti nwgdk

minRcLÚkRcLMeday ‘tNØanigó:Tan’ pg CaZm(CaeRK]genA naM

degØImecj sikSaza GatμaGjkMNt´dwgnUvbIti nwgdkdegØImcUl .

mknUvesckþIsuxpg

EtgjúaMgZm(TaMgLay

CaGkusld*lamk

EdlekIteLIgehIy>

oGnþrZan

osáb´rmáab´eTA

edayehtud*

smKYr etIdUcemþc .

mñalPikú¡TaMgLay Pikú¡kñúgsasnaenH enA

kñúgéRBkþI enAeT[bKl´eQIkþI enAkñúgpÞHsáat´kþI Gg<úyEBnEPñn taMg kayoRtg´ p©g´sμartI omanmuxeq¬aHeTArk ‘kmμdðan’ .

Pikú¡enaH

manstidkdegØIyecj manstidkdegØImcUl ‘manvtæú 16 KW;’

‘ctuk,;TI1’ 1- Pikú¡enaH kaldkdegØImecjEvg k*dwgc|as´za Gatμa GjdkdegØImecjEvg

ß

kaldkdegØIycUlEvg

GatμaGjdkdegØImcUlEvg .

k*dwgc|as´za

6- Pikú¡sikSaza GatμaGj kMNt´dwgc|as´ nUvesckþIsux nwgdkdegØImecj sikSaza GatμaGj kMNt´dwgc|as´ nUvesckþI sux nwgdkdegØImcUl . 7- Pikú¡sikSaza GatμaGj kMNt´dwgc|as´ nUvcitþsg¡ar KWsJ¦a nig evTna nwgdkdegØImecj

sikSaza GatμaGj kMNt´

dwgc|as´nUvcitþsg¡ar nwgdkdegØImcUl . 8- Pikú¡sikSaza GatμaGj rmáab´nUvcitþsg¡ar nwgdkdegØIm ecj sikSaza GatμaGjrmáab´nUvcitþsg¡ar nwgdkdegØImcUl .

‘ctuk,;TI3’ 9- Pikú¡sikSaza GatμaGj

kMNt´dwgc|as´nUvcitþ nwgdk


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degØImecj sikSaza GatμaGjkMNt´dwgnUvcitþ nwgdkdegØImcUl . 10- Pikú¡sikSaza GatμaGj kaljúaMgcitþorIkray nwgdk degØImecj

sikSaza

GatμaGj

kaljúaMgcitþorIkray

nwgdk

86

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

GñkBicarNaeXIj nUvZm(sMrab´lHkielsecal nwgdkdegØIm ‘1’ cUl³ dUecñHÉg . nieTÞs énkarcMerInnUvGana:nsStikmμdðanenaH dl´ehIy tamlMdab´ . EteRBaHnieTÞsenaH kalebIeBaltamlMGanénkar

degØImcUl . 11- Pikú¡sikSaza GatμaGj kaljúaMgcitþ otaMgenA kñúg

BN(nanUv:LIhñwgÉg

nwgbribUredayGakar;TaMgBYg

eRBaHehtu

GarmμN¾d*esμI nwgdkdegØImecj sikSaza GatμaGj kaljúaMg

enaH kñúgGana:nsStikmμdðanenaH nieTÞsenH KWCanieTÞsmankar

citþotaMgenA kñúgGarmμN¾d*esμI nwgdkdegØImcUl .

BN(nanUv:LI dl´mun .

12-

Pikú¡sikSaza

GatμaGj

kaljúaMgcitþ

‘caknIvrNZm(CaedIm’ nwgdkdegØImecj sikSaza GatμaGjkal júaMgcitþorYcRsLH nwgdkdegØImcUl .

13- Pikú¡sikSaza GatμaGj CaGñkBicarNaeXIjnUvbJ©k¡nÆ za mineT[g nwgdkdegØImecj sikSaza GatμaGj CaGñkBicarNa eXIjnUvbJ©k¡nÆ za mineT[g nwgdkdegØImcUl . 14- Pikú¡sikSaza GatμaGj CaGñkBicarNaeXIj nUvZ(m sikSaza GatμaGj CaGñk

BicarNaeXIj nUvZm(R:scakteRmk nwgdkdegØImcUl . 15- Pikú¡sikSaza GatμaGj CaGñkBicarNaeXIj nUvZ(m sMrab´rMlt´nUvTuk¡ nwgdkdegØImecj sikSaza GatμaGj CaGñk BicarNaeXIj nUvZm(sMrab´rMlt´nUvTuk¡ nwgdkdegØImcUl . 16- Pikú¡sikSaza GatμaGj CaGñkBicarNaeXIj nUvZ(m sMrab´lHkielsecal nwgdkdegØImecj

bNÐit

Kb|IRCabesckþIvinicä&y

Rtg´bTTaMgLayenH za

²kzM Pavieta c Pik¡ev Gana:nsStismaZi

mñalPikú¡TaMgLay

Gana:nsStismaZi EdlbuK<lcMerInehIy edayRbkardUcemþc³

‘ctuk,;TI4’

R:scakteRmk nwgdkdegØImecj

‘BRgIkesckþIén:LIBaküsYr’

orYcRsLH

sikSaza GatμaGj Ca

dUecñHCaedImmun . Baküza ²kzM³ CaRBHbucäa edayPaBénRBHGg< RTg´R:zña cg´sMEdg nUvkarcMerInnUvGana:nsStismaZi o:nBisþar eday RbkarepSg> . Baküza ²Pavieta c Pik¡ev Gana:nsStismaZi³ CaBaküCaeRK]gsMEdgecj nUvZm(EdlRBHGg<RTg´Rtas´sYrehIy eRBaHPaBénRBHGg< RTg´R:zñacg´sMEdg nUvkarcMerInnUvGana:nsStismaZi o:nBisþar edayRbkarepSg> . n&ysUm|IkñúgBakü za ²kzM BhulIketa .eb. vUbsemti³ enH k*dUcn&yenHEdr . bNþbTTaMgenaH bTza ²Pavieta³ KWeZVIoekIteLIgpg o cMerIneLIgpg .

bTza ²Gana:nsStismaZi³ esckþIza smaZi

1- suÇ sMÇ mÇ PaKTI 39 TMB&rTI 27 .


visuTÆimK< ERb

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88

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

EdlRbkbRBmehIy edaysti EdlkMNt´nUvxül´dkdegØImecj

cMENkkñúgBakünu@Hza ²Gescneka c suexa c vihaera

nig xül´dkdegØImcUl mYyeT[t smaZi kñúgGana:nsSti eQμaH

CaZm(minRcLÚkRcLMpg CaZm(CaeRK]genAnaMmknUvesckþIsuxpg³

bTza ²BhulIketa³ ERbza eZVIo:n

manGZib|ayza; kiriyaeRsacRsb´ minman dl´Gana:nsSti-

za Gna:nsStismaZi .

smaZienaH eRBaHehtuenaH Gana:nsStismaZienaH eTIbeQμaHza

er]y> .

minmankareRsacRsb´

‘Eksenþa bNIeta’ bTBIrza ²senþa ecv bNIeta c³ CaZm(lÁitpg CaZm(d*

KWmin:c´eR:HRBM

minRcLÚkRcLM

Ejk

edayELk minRcbUkRcbl´ç esckþIlÁit kñúgGana:nsStismaZi

ótþmpg . bNÐitKb|IRCab kiriyakMNt´ kñúgbTTaMgBIr eday

enH minmanedaybrikmμ ß edayóbcar;eT

Évs&BÞ . sYrza; BaküdUcemþcEdlRBHmanRBHPaKRtas´ehIy .

enH

eqøIyza; RBHGg<RTg´Rtas´za ²EmnBit Gana:nsStismaZi enH

cab´edImGMBIkarRbmUlcitþeZVIkmμdðanCadMbUgmk . cMENkÉGacarü

minEmnCaZm(minlÁitpg

CaZm(minótþmpg

edaybriyayÉNa

CaZm(d*lÁitpg

CaZm(d¾ótþmpg

Gana:nsStismaZi

edayPav;rbs´xøÜnEmnBit

BYkxøH eBalza; bTza ²Gescneka³ esckþIza min:c´eR:HRBM

mYy dUcCaGsuPkmμdðan EdlCaZm(lÁitpg CaZm(ótþmpg eday

Carbs´manrsqáaj´ tamsPav;hñwgÉg .

GMNac

minótþmpg

Gana:nsStismaZienH CaZm(minmankareRsacRsb´hñwgÉg eTIb

manGarmμN¾d*

CaZm(CaeRK]genAnaMmknUvesckþIsuxpg eRBaHRbRBwtþeTA edIm|I:n

énkarcak´ZøúHEtmüa¨g

edayGMNacénGarmμN¾

bu¨EnþCaZm(minlÁitpg

eRBaHGsuPkmμdðanenaH

eRKatRKatpg manGarmμN¾CabdikUlpg dUecñaHeT .

ebItamBit

eTA Gana:nsStismaZi eQμaHza CaZm(lÁit KWCaZm(sáb´rmáab´ CaZm(rMlt´

eRBaHGana:nsStismaZienaH

CaZm(d*lÁit

eday

bNÐitKb|IRCab za

cMeBaH nUvesckþIsuxtampøÚvkay nig esckþIsuxtampøÚvcitþ kñúg xN;Edldl´nUvGb|na . bTza ²ób|nñúb|enñ³ KWEdlminTan´:nsg,t´sg,inehIy> .

GarmμN¾xøH eRBaHCaZm(lÁitedayGg< Edlrab´:nza CabdievZ xøH

bTza ²:bek³ KWd*GaRkk´ . bTBIrza ²Gkusel Zemμ³ KWZ(m

eQμaHza CaZm(d*ótþm KWmineZVIoEqÁt eRBaHGana:nsStismaZinu@H

EdlekItGMBIesckþIminqøat . bTBIrza ²fanesa

CaZm(d*ótþm edayGarmμN¾xøH CaZm(d*ótþm edayGg<xøH³ dUecñH .

KWjúaMgZm(EdlCa:bGkusloGnþrZaneTA KWosáb´rmáab´ eday

eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´za ² ‘Gana:nsSti-

xN;hñwgÉg .

smaZi’ CaZm(lÁitpg CaZm(d*ótþmpg³ .

mYyeT[t RBHeyaKavcrenaH dl´nUvesckþIcMerIn edayGriymK<

‘EkGescneka’

tamlMdab´ rEmgpþac´bg´ GZib|ayza eZVIosáb´rmáab´ eRBaHPav;én

GnþrZaebti³

bTza ²vUbsemti³ KW ocUleTArmáab´ edaylÁ


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Gana:nsStismaZienaH CaZm(mancMENkénesckþITMluHTMlay. k*kñúgRBH:LIénBaküsYrenaH manesckþIseg¡bdUcteTAenH

90

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

sáat´kþI³ CaeRK]gbMePøInUvkarkMNt´nUvesnasn; mansPaBd*sm KYr

dl´karcMerInnUvGana:nsStismaZi

énRBHeyaKIPikú¡eenaH .

za ²mñalPikú¡TaMgLay Gana:nsStismaZi EdlbuK<l:ncMerIn

eRBaHza citþénPikú¡enH pSayeTAer]y> kñúgGarmμN¾TaMgLayman

ehIy

edayviZIdUc

rU:rmμN¾CaedIm Gs´kalmanraRtId*Evg minR:zña edIm|IeLIgkan´

emþc :neZVIoeRcInehIy edayRbkar;dUcemþcÇÇÇ eTIbCaZm(d*lÁit

GarmμN¾ KWGana:nsStismaZieT rEmgsÞúHeTAkan´pøÚvxusEtmüa¨g

pg .el. osáb´rmáab´ edayehtud*smKYr³ .

dUcrzEdleKTwm edayeKaeK[c EtgsÞúHeTAkan´pøÚvxusdUecñaHEdr .

edayRbkar;dUcemþc

edayGakar;dUcemþc

‘Bnül´esckþIén:LIeqøIy’ ‘164’

«LÚvenH

RBHmanRBHPaK

kalRTg´júaMgesckþI

enaH oBisþar eTIbRtas´nUvBaküza ²«Z Pik¡ev³ dUecñHCaedIm .

‘Ek«Zs&BÞ’ kñúgBaküTaMgenaH

²«Z Pik¡ev Pikú¡³ esckþIza

Baküza

mñalPikú¡TaMgLay Pikú¡kñúgsasnaenH . eRBaHza «Zs&BÞenH kñúg bTza ²«Z Pik¡ev Pik¡ú³ nu@H CaeRK]gbMePøInUvsasnaEdlCaTIkekIt énbuK<lGñkjúaMgGana:nsStismaZi manRbkarTaMgBYgoekItpg CaeRK]gbdiesZnUvPaBy¨agdUecñaH énsasnadéTpg . smdUc CaRBHmanRBHPaKRtas´za ²mñalPikú¡TaMgLay smN; mankñúg sasnaenHbu¨eNÑaHÉg LaydéT³ ‘1’ dUecñH .

.l.

lTÆidéT

eRBaHehtuenaH :nCaRBHd*manRBHPaK

Rtas´za ²«msμw sasen Pikú¡

Pikú¡ kñúgsasnaenH³ dUecñH .

‘ehtuEdlRtas´GrJ¦Keta BaküenH za ²enAkñúgéRBkþI 1-

suÇ

GMÇ

sUnücaksmN;TaMg

.eb.

n&yTI1’

enAeT[bKl´eQIkþI

PaKTI 43 TMB&rTI 245 .

enAkñúgpÞH

eRBaHehtuenaH nayeKa:l GñkR:zñaedIm|IbgØat´ nUvkUneKaeK[c EdlpwkTwkedaHRss´TaMgGs´ énemeKaeK[c :nZMZat´eLIgehIy bMEbkecjGMBIemeKa daMnUvssrd*ZM kñúgTId*smKYrmYyehIy yk ExScg Rtg´ssrenaH kalebImanRbkardUecñaH kUneKa énnay eKa:lenaH k*minGacedIm|InwgerIbRgH eTAxagenHpg xagnu@Hpg ehIyrt´eKceTA:neLIy Kb|IQrRCb´ ß edkRCb´enARtg´ssr ZMenaHÉg manóbmay¨agNamij sUm|IPikú¡enHÉg R:zñaedIm|Inwg TUnμancitþd*kac EdlcMerInedaykarpwknUvrsénGarmμN¾ manrU:rmμN¾CaedIm Gs´kalénraRtId*Evg k*Kb|InaMecjGMBIGarmμN¾man rU:rmμN¾CaedImehIycUleTAkan´éRBkþI .l. kan´pÞHsáat´kþIehIy cg Rtg´ssr KWxül´dkdegØImecj nig xül´dkdegØImcUlenaH edayExSKWsti kalebIcg:ndUecñaH citþ énPikú¡enaH sUm|IsÞúHeTA xagenHpg xagnu@Hpg k*min:nnUvGarmμN¾EdlxøÜnsnSMehIy kñúg kalmun minGacedIm|Inwgkat´pþac´ExSKWsti ehIyrt´eKc:neLIy k*rEmgEGbenARCb´ nig edkenARCb´Cab´nwgGarmμN¾enaHÉg eday GMNacénóbcar; nig Gb|na k*manóbemyüy¨agenaHÉg .


visuTÆimK< ERb

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92

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

nUvesnasn;d*smKYr

eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbe:raNacarüTaMgLay eBalza ;

dl´RBHeyaKavcrenaH

eTIbRTg´Rtas´za

²GrJ¦Keta va³ dUecñHCaedIm .

nr; kalbgØat´nUvkUneKa Kb|Icg ‘va’ Rtg´ssr

‘ehtuEdlRtas´GrJ¦Keta

y¨agNamij Pikú¡ kñúgsasnaenH Kb|IcgnUvcitþ

.eb.

n&yTI3’

EmnBit RBHmanRBHPaK eRb[bdUcCaGacarü GñkecHnUvPUmi-

rbs´xøÜn o:nmaMkñúgGarmμN¾ edaysti k*y¨ag

sa®sþ . GacarüGñkecHnUvPUmisa®sþenaH eXIjnUvTIénnKrehIy

dUecñaHEdr .

BicarNa edayRbéBehIy cgÁúlR:b´za ²cUrGñkTaMgLaysag

esnasn;enaH CaTIesnasn;d*smKYr dl´Pavna énRBH

nUvnKr kñúgTIenH³ dUecñH luHdl´nKr:nseRmc edaysYsþIehIy

eyaKIenaH y¨agenHÉg . eRBaHehtuenaH :nCax\úM eBalhIyza

k*:nnUvsk,ar;d*eRcIn GMBIraCRtkUl y¨agNamij

²BaküenH CaeRK]gbMePøInUvkarkMNt´nUvesnasn;d*smKYr dl´kar

PaKGg<enaH RTg´BicarNanUvTIesnasn;d*smKYr dl´RBHeyaKa-

cMerInnUvGana:nsStismaZi énRBHeyaKavcrenaH³ .

vcr ehIyRTg´cgÁúlR:b´za ²RBHeyaKI Kb|IRbkbkmμdðaner]y>

‘ehtuEdlRtas´GrJ¦Keta n&ymYyeT[t

.eb.

n&yTI2’

kñúgTIesnasn;enH³

tGMBIenaHeTA

kalebIRBHGrhtþpl

Ca

EdlRBHeyaKIGñkRbkbkmμdðaner]y> kñúgTIenaH :nseRmcehIy

kMBUl kñúgRbePTénkmμdðan CabTdðan énkiriya:nnUvKuNviess

edaylMdab´ rEmgRTg´:nnUvsk,ar;d*eRcInza ²RBHmanRBHPaKGg<

nigkiriyaenACasuxkñúgbc©úb|nñ énRBHBuTÆ RBHbec©kBuTÆ nig sav&k

enaH CaRBHsmμasm¬úTÆ BitR:kdEmn³ k*y¨agdUecñaHEdr . cMENk

énRBHBuTÆRKb´RBHGg<

Pikú¡enH RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´za ²R:kdesμIedayxøadMbg³ .

edIm|IminlHbg´

eRBaHehtuza Gana:nsStikmμdðanenH

dUecñH

RBHmanRBH

KWRBHeyaKavcr

minEmneZVI:nedaygay

nUvesnasn;TIbMputénRsuk

Edlvwkvr

eday

bNÐitKb|IRCabGZib|ayza ²dUcCaesþcxøadMbgd*ZM BYnEGbehIy

sMeLg én®sþI burs dMrI nig esHCaedIm ehIycMerIn:neT eRBaH

nUvs|atesμAkþI s|atéRBkþI s|atPñMkþI kñúgéRB ehIycab´RmwKTaMg

PaBénQanmansMeLgCabnøa

Lay manRkbIéRB rmaMg nig RCUkéRBCaedIm y¨agNamij

EtzakñúgTIminEmnRsuk

KWkñúgéRB

Pikú¡

RBHeyaKavcr eZVI:nedaygay edIm|Ikan´yknUvkmμdðanenH ehIy

GñkRbkbnUvkmμdðaner]y> kñúgTIesnasn;d*smKYrTaMgLay man

júaMgGana:nctutæCÄan oekIteLIg ehIyeZVIQanenaHÉg oCa

éRBCaedImenH

eCIg BicarNanUvsg¡arTaMgLay ehIyseRmc nUvRBHGrhtþ Ca

KamimK< nig GrhtþmK<pg nig nUvGriyplpg tamsmKYrtam

pld*kMBUl

lMdab´ y¨agdUecñaHEdr³ .

eRBaHehtuenaH

RBHmanRBHPaK

kalRTg´sMEdg

rEmgcab´yknUvesatabtþimK< skTaKamimK< Gna

eRBaHehtuenaH e:raNacarü eBalza


visuTÆimK< ERb

ZmμtaxøadMbg

BYnsmáMehIy

Lay y¨agNamij

93

cab´yknUvRmwKTaMg

Pikú¡enH CabuRtRBHBuTÆ Gñk

manesckþIBüayamRbkbehIy CaGñkeXIjc|as´ cUleTAkan´éRBehIy Etgcab´yk nUvpld*ótþm k*y¨agdUecñaHEdr . ‘165’

eRBaHehtuenaH RBHmanRBHPaK kalRTg´sMEdgnUv

TIesnasn;kñúgéRB

EdlCakEnøgRbkbesckþIBüayam

énbuK<l

GñkmanBüayam nig GñkmanesckþIsÞúHsÞar dl´RBHeyaKIPikú¡enaH eTIbRTg´Rtas´za ²GrJ¦Keta va³ dUecñHCaedIm .

‘EkGtæbTepSg>én:LIBaküeqøIy’ bNþabTTaMgenaH bTza ²GrJ¦Keta³ esckþIza; Pikú¡ eTA kan´éRBNamYy EdlmanesckþIsux ekItGMBIvievk bNþaéRBTaMg Lay manlk¡N;EdlelakeBalmkehIy y¨agenHza ²eQμaH za éRB :ndl´éRBTaMgGs´enaH ecjeTAxageRkAGMBIssreKal³ dUecñHkþI za ²esnasn; mankñúgTIbMput RbEvg 500 CYrZñÚ eQμaHza esnasn; taMgenAkñúgéRB³ dUecñHkþI . bTza ²ruk¡mUlKeta³ KWPikú¡ eTAkan´TICiténKl´eQI . bTza ²suJ¦aKarKeta³ KWeTAkan´Okas EdlsUnü KWOkasEdlsáat´ .

k*kñúg:LIza ²suJ¦aKarKeta³

enH elIkTuknUvéRB nig Kl´eQIecj Pikú¡sUm|IeTAkan´esnasn; d*ess man 7 Rbkar . kareBalza ²suJ¦aKarKeta³ k*KYr . RBHmanRBHPaK kalRTg´cgÁúlR:b´nUvesnasn;d*smKYr

94

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

dl´karcMerInnUvGana:nsSti d*smKYrdl´rdUvpg d*smKYr dl´ Zatu nig criyapg y¨agenHehIy RTg´sMEdgR:b´nUv«riyabz d* sáb´

EdlRbRBwtþeTAkñúgBYk

énkarminrujra

nig

karminGENþt

GNþÚg dl´RBHeyaKIPikú¡enaH eTIbRTg´Rtas´za ²nisITti Gg<úy³ dUecñH . kñúglMdab´enaH RBHmanRBHPaK kalRTg´sMEdg nUvPaBén karGg<úynwgZwgpg nUvPaBénkarRbRBwtþieTARsYl énxül´dkdegØIm ecj nigxül´dkdegØImcUl nig nUvó:yeRK]gkMNt´ nUvGarmμN¾ pg eTIbRTg´Rtas´za ²bløg,M GaPuCitVa EBnEPñn³ dUecñHCaedIm . bNþabTTaMgenaH bTza ²bløg,M³ KWGg<úybt´nUvePøA eday CMuvij . bTza ²GaPuCitVa³ KWbt´cUlehIy . eRcInbTza ²óCMu

kayM bNiZay³ esckþIza; taMgsrIr;xagelIoRtg´ehIy júaMg cug edaycug oer[bry Rtg´RTnugénxñg 18 . eRBaHza kalebI RBHeyaKI Gg<úyy¨agenH Es|k sac´ nig srésTaMgLay nwg minRbywtcuH

kalebImanRbkardUecñaH

evTnaTaMgLayNa

Kb|I

ekIteLIg ral´> xN; eRBaHkarRbywtcuH énEs|k sac´ nig srésTaMgLayenaHCabc©&y

evTnaTaMgLayenaH

rEmgminekIt

eLIg dl´RBHeyaKIenaH kalebIevTnaTaMgLayenaH minekIteLIg citþ k*CaZmμCatmanGarmμN¾EtmYy kmμdðan minezøaHeZøay cUl dl´esckþIcMerIn esckþIlUtlas´ . eRcInbTza ²brimuxM stw

óbdðebtVa³ ERbza taMgsti omanmuxeq¬aHeTAkan´kmμdðan . n&y mYyeT[t Rtg´bTza ²brimuxM stw³ enH bNÐit Kb|IRCabesckþI GZib|ay

tamn&yEdlRBHsarIbuRt

eBalehIy

kñúgbdismÖiTa


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GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

y¨agenHza; Rtg´Baküza ²bri³ manGtæza kMNt´ Rtg´Baküza

maM RBHeyaKIenaH CaGñkeZVInUvsti edaysμartIenaH edayjaN

²muxM³ manGtæza Zm(CaeRK]gnaMecj Rtg´bTza ²sti³ manGtæ

enaH .l. kalRBHeyaKI dwgc|as´nUvPaBéncitþmanGarmμN¾Et

za RbugRby&tñ eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbelakeBalza ²taMgstioman

mYy minraymay edayGMNacéndegØImecj sRmab´GñkBicar-

muxeq¬aHeTArk ‘kmμdðan’ ‘1’ ³ dUecñH .

Na

enHKWCaesckþIseg¡b kñúg

eXIjnUvZm(CaeRK]grlas´ecjcakkiels

edayGMNac

bdismÖiTaenaH za ²RBHeyaKI eZVIsti omankarnaMecj cakZ(m

éndegØImcUl sRmab´GñkBicarNaeXIjnUvZm(CaeRK]grlas´ecj

EdlCasRtUv EdlxøÜnkMNt´ehIy³ dUecñH .

cakkiels sti k*tm,l´enAmaM RBHeyaKIenaH CaGñkeZVInUvsti edaysμartIenaH edayjaNenaH³ dUecñH .

‘setakarI’ Baküza ²Pikú¡enaH mansti dkdegØImecj³ esckþIza Pikú¡ enaH

Gg<úyy¨agenHehIy

minlHbg´nUvstienaH

nig

tMkl´stiy¨agenHehIy

kal

eQμaHza mansμartI dkdegØImecjhñwgÉg

mansμartI dkdegØImcUl .

GZib|ayza Pikú¡GñkeZVInUvsti .

‘Eks&BÞGsSasbsSas;’ bNþa:LITaMgenaH :LIza ²TIXM va GsSsenþa³ KWjúaMg xül´dkdegØImecjEvg oRbRBwtþeTAkþI .

kñúgGdðkzaRBHvin&y k*

elakeBalza ²xül´ecjeTAxageRkA eQμaHza GsSas; xül´

«LÚvenH RBHeyaKIPikú¡ CaGñkeZVInUvsti edayGakar;TaMg

cUleTAxagkñúg eQμaHza bsSas;³ . EtkñúgGdðkzaRBHsURtTaMg

LayNa edIm|IRTg´sMEdgnUvGakar;TaMgLayenaH eTIbRTg´Rtas´

Lay mkehIypÞúyKña ‘nwgGdðkzaRBHvin&y’ . bNþaxül´TaMgBIr

za ²TIXM va GsSsenþa³ dUecñHCaedIm . EmnBit kñúgbdismÖiTa

enaH kñúgeBlEdlstVTaMgLayTaMgBYg GñkedkenAkñúgKP( ecj

kñúgviPg<én:LIenaHÉgza ²Pikú¡enaH mansμartI dkdegØImecj man

mkGMBIépÞénmata xül´BÆd*xagkñúg ecjmkxageRkA muneK xül´

sμartIdkdegØImcUl³ k*elakeBalBaküenH za ²RBHeyaKI CaGñk

xageRkA naMyknUvZUlId*lÁit cUleTAxagkñúg CaxageRkay luH

eZVIsti edayGakar; 32 KWkalRBHeyaKI dwgc|as´nUvPaB éncitþ

dl´RkGUmmat´ k*rlt´eTA . bNÐitKb|IRCabxül´dkdegØImecj

manGarmμN¾EtmYy minraymay edayGMNayéndegØImecjEvg

nig xül´dkdegØImcUl y¨agdUecñH mun .

stik*tm,l´enAmaM RBHeyaKIenaH eZVInUvsti edaysμartIenaH eday

cMENkPaBEvg nig xøI énxül´TaMg 2 enaHÉNa PaBEvg

jaNenaH kalRBHeyaKI dwgc|as´ nUvPaBéncitþmanGarmμN¾Et

nig xøI enaH bNÐitKb|IRCab edayGMNacénGTÆan; ‘ry;eBl’ .

mYy minraymay edayGMNayéndegØImcUlEvg sti k*tm,l´enA

eRb[bdUcCa Twk ß dIxSac´ EdlpSayeTA rhUtGTÆan; KWOkas

1-

‘Evg ß xøI’ ehIyfitenA

suÇ xuÇ bdiÇ

PaKTI 70 TMB&rTI 119-120 .

elakehAza TwkEvg

dIxSac´Evg TwkxøI


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GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

dIxSac´xøI y¨agNamij xül´dkdegØImecj nig xül´dkdegØImcUl

mYy .

dUcCaelakeBalehIy kñúgbdismÖiTa za ; sYrza ²Pikú¡

sUm|IEdllÁity¨agéRkElg júaMgGTÆan; ‘KWry;eBl’ Evg kñúg

kaldkdegØImecjEvg k*dwgc|as´za GatμaGj dkdegØImecjEvg

ragkayéndMrI nig kñúgragkayénBs´ eBalKWGtþPaB éndMrI nig

kaldkdegØImcUlEvg k*dwgc|as´za GatμaGj dkdegØImcUlEvg

Bs´TaMgBIrenaH oeBjCasnSwm> ehIyecjeTA k*snSwm> Edr

etIdUcemþc³ .

eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbelakeBalza xül´dkdegØIm ‘éndMrI nig Bs´’

eqøIyza ² ‘1’ Pikú¡ dkecj nUvdegØImecjEvg kñúgcMENk

Evg . xül´enaH júaMgGTÆan; ‘KWry;eBl’ xøI eBalKWGtþPaB én

énkalEvg ‘2’ dkcUl nUvdegØImcUlEvg kñúgcMENk énkalEvg

stVTaMgLay manEqÁ nig TnSayCaedIm oeBj y¨agqab´rh&s

‘3’ dkecjkþI dkcUlkþI nUvdegØImecj ß degØImcUlEvg kñúg

ehIyecjmk k*qab´rh&spgEdr eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbelakeBal

cMENkénkalEvg .

za xül´dkdegØIm ‘énEqÁ nig TnSay’ xøI . edayGMNacénGTÆan;KWkal

cMENkkñúgBYkmnusS

mnusSTaMgLayxøH

dkdegØImecj

kalPikú¡ dkecjkþI

dkcUlkþI

nUvdegØImecj ß degØIm

cUlEvg kñúgcMENkénkalEvg ‘eRcIndg’ qnÞ; ‘cMNg´kñúgGVImYy’

nig dkdegØImcUlEvg dUcCastVTaMgLay mandMrI nig Bs´CaedIm

rEmgekIteLIg

mnusSBYkxøH dkdegØImecj nig dkdegØImcUlxøI dUcCastVtUc>

CagenaH kñúgcMENkénkalEvg edayGMNacénqnÞ; ‘5’ dkcUl

TaMgLaymanEqÁ nig TnSayCaedIm eRBaHehtuenaH xül´dkdegØIm

nUvdegØImcUlEvg

énmnusSTaMgLaynu@H kalecjkþI kalcUlkþI Gs´ry;eBlEvg

edayGMNacénqnÞ; ‘6’ dkecjkþI dkcUlkþI nUvdegØImecj ß

k*Kb|IRCabza Evgç kalecjkþI kalcUlkþI Gs´ry;eBlxøI k*

degØImcUlEvgd*lÁitéRkElgCagenaH kñúgcMENkénkalEvg eday

Kb|IRCabza xøI edayGMNacénkal k*y¨agenaHEdr .

GMNacénqnÞ; .

‘Gana:nsStiCakayanubsSnastibdðan’ kñúgkiriyadkdegØImecj nig dkdegØImcUl Evg nig xøIenaH

‘4’ Pikú¡dkecj nUvdegØImecjEvgd*lÁitéRkElg

d*lÁitéRkElgCagenaH

kñúgcMENkénkalEvg

kalPikú¡ dkecjkþI dkcUlkþI nUvdegØImecj ß degØImcUl Evgd*éRkElgCagenaH kñúgcMENkénkalEvg edayGMNacénqnÞ;

Pikú¡enH kaldkdegØImecj nig kaldkdegØImcUlEvg k*dwgc|as´

‘eRcIndg’ :muC¢; ‘esckþIrIkray’ rEmgekIteLIg

za ²GatμaGj dkdegØImecj dkdegØImcUlEvg³ edayGakar;TaMg

ecjnUvdegØImecjEvgd*lÁitCagenaH kñúgcMENkénkalEvg eday

Lay 9 . k*kalebIPikú¡enaH dwgc|as´y¨agenH bNÐitKb|IRCab

GMNacén:muC¢; ‘8’ dkcUl nUvdegØImcUlEvgd*lÁitéRkElgCag

za ²karcMerInkayanubsSnastibdðan rEmgseRmc edayGakar;

enaH kñúgcMENkénkalEvg edayGMNacén:muC¢; ‘9’ dkecjkþI

‘7’ Pikú¡ dk


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GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

dkcUlkþI nUvdegØImecj ßdegØImcUlEvgd*lÁitCagenaH kñúgcMENk

eRBaHehtuenaH

énkalEvg edayGMNacén:muC¢; ‘esckþIrIkray’ .

BicarNaeXIjc|as´nUvkay kñúgkay³ dUecñH .

kalPikú¡ dkecjkþI dkcUlkþI nUvdegØImecj ß degØImcUl

eTIbelakeBalza

karcMerInstibdðan

KWkar

Pikú¡enH kaldwgc|as´ nUvdegØImecj nig degØImcUl eday

Evg d*éRkElgCagenaH kñúgcMENkénkalEvg edayGMNac én

Gakar;TaMgLay

esckþIrIkray ‘eRcIndg’ citþ k*XøatecjGMBIdegØImecj ß degØIm

GMNacénkalxøI y¨agdUecñH bNÐtiKb|IRCabza ²Pikú¡enaH eQμaHza

cUlEvg óebk¡a k*taMgenAs)b´ .

kaldkdegØImecjEvg k*dwgc|as´za GatμaGj dkdegØImecjEvg

enH kayKWdegØImecj nig degØImcUlEvg edayGakar; 9 y¨ag EdleQμaHza óbdðan sti

eQμaHza GnubsSnajaN

Rtg´cugRcmuH énPikú¡enaHÉg .

‘EksBVkayb|disMevTI’

KWkarBicarNaeXIj nUvkay kñúgkay’ ‘1’ ³ dUecñH .

xül´degØImecjEvg kñúgcMENkénkalEvg³ Edlelak:neBal ehIy kñúgbTKWxül´degØImEvgnu@H y¨agNamij kñúgbTKWxül´degØIm xøIenH mkehIyza ²rsSM GsSasM «tþrsg¡aet GsSsti Pikú¡dk ecj nUvdegØImecjxøI kñúgcMENkénkalxøI³ k*y¨agenaHEdr eRBaH ehtuenaH bNÐitKb|IRbkbBakü edayGMNacénrsSs&BÞ rhUt dl´Bakü za ²etn vuc©ti kaey kayanubsSna stib|dðanPavna 1- suÇ xuÇ bdiÇ PaKTI 70 TMB&rTI 121 .

eday

xül´degØImcUl k*y¨agdUecñaHEdr rEmgRbRBwtþeTA

‘karcMerInstibdðan

Baküza ²TIXM GsSasM GTÆansg¡aet

nig

xül´ 4 y¨ag KWxül´degØImecjEvg nig xøI sUm|I

stienaHpg edayjaNenaHpg eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbelakeBal

enH CaesckþIEbøkKña .

edayGMNacénkalEvg

dUecñHÉg . k*kalebIPikú¡enaH dwgc|as´ y¨agdUecñH

óbdðanpg eQμaHzastipg Pikú¡BicarNaeXIjnUvkayenaH eday

n&ysUm|IkñúgbTKWxül´degØImxøI k*n&ydUcKñaenHEdr . bu¨Enþ

enH

ß kaldkdegØImcUlxøI k*dwgc|as´za GatμaGj dkdegØImcUlxøI³

kay eQμaHza óbdðan minEmneQμaHza sti eT sti eQμaHza

za ²kaey kayanubsSna stib|dðanPavna

9

‘166’

Baküza ²Pikú¡enaH sikSaza GatμaGj kMNt´dwg

nUvkay KWdegØImecjTaMgBYg eTIbdkdegØImecjÇÇÇ dkdegØImcUl³ enaH

KWPikú¡enaH sikSaza ²GatμaGj kaleZVInUvxagedIm kNþal

nig cug énkay KWdegØImecjTaMgGs´ oCarbs´EdlxøÜn:ndwg KWeZVI ‘degØImenaH’ o:nR:kdc|as´ eTIbdkdegØImecj³ . sikSa za ²GatμaGj kaleZVInUvxagedIm kNþal nig cug énkay KW degØImcUlTaMgGs´

oCarbs´EdlxøÜn:ndwg

o:nR:kdc|as´ eTIbdkdegØImcUl³ . enaH’ oCarbs´EdlxøÜn:ndwg

KWeZVI

‘degØImenaH’

Pikú¡enaHkaleZVI ‘degØIm

KWeZVIo:nR:kdc|as´ y¨agenH


visuTÆimK< ERb

101

102

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

k*eQμaHza dkdegØImecj nig dkdegØImcUl edaycitþEdlRbkb

cMerIn eZVIoeRcIn nUvsik¡aTaMg 3 enaH dUceBalmkehIyenH kñúg

RBmedayjaN . eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbelakeBalza ²Pikú¡enaH

GarmμN¾enaH edaystienaH edaykareZVITukkñúgcitþenaH³ dUecñH .

sikSaza GatμaGj dkdegØImecj dkdegØImcUl³ dUecñHCaedIm .

kñúgctuk,;TI1 enaH kñúgn&ymun RBHeyaKIKb|IdkdegØImecj

EmnBit sRmab´Pikú¡Gg<xøH xagedIm kñúgkay KWdegØImecj

dkdegØImcUl Etmüa¨gbu¨eNÑaH nig minKYreZVIkic©GVI> eT Etza cab´

kþI kñúgkay KWdegØImcUlkþI EdlsÞúHeTAy¨aglÁit rEmgR:kd Rtg´

edImGMBIenHeTA Kb|IeZIVesckþIBüayam kñúgGakar;TaMgLay man

kNþal nig xagcug minR:kdeT .

Pikú¡enaH GackMNt´Etxül´

karjúaMgjaN oekIteLIgCaedIm eRBaHehtuNa eRBaHehtuenaH

xagedImbu¨eNÑaH EtglM:k Rtg´xül´kNþalnigxagcug . sMrab´

bNÐitKb|IRCabza ²RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´:LI edayGMNac

Pikú¡Gg<xøH R:kd Rtg´kNþal bu¨EnþxagedIm nig cug minR:kd .

énbc©úb|nñkal za GsSsamIti bCanati bsSsamIti bCanati

sMrab´Pikú¡Gg<xøH xagcug R:kd bu¨Enþ xagedIm nig kNþal min

Pikú¡dwgc|as´za GatμaGj dkdegØImecj dwgc|as´za GatμaGj

Pikú¡enaH GackMNt´ nUvxül´xagcugEtbu¨eNÑaH Etg

dkdegØImcUl dUecñH kñúgn&ymunenaH ehIyeTIbRTg´elIkyk:LI

lM:k Rtg´xül´xagedIm nig kNþal . sMrab´Pikú¡Gg<xøH R:kd

mk edayGMNacénBaküCaGnaKtkal edayn&ymanCaedIm za

RKb´xül´TaMgGs´ Pikú¡enaH GackMNt´:nTaMgGs´ minlM:k Rtg´

sBVkayb|disMevTI GsSsisSami

xül´NamYyeLIy .

RBHd*manRBHPaK kalRTg´sMEdgza ²RBH

nUvkay KWdegØImecjTaMgBYg nwgdkdegØImecj dUecñH edIm|IsMEdg

eyaKI Kb|ICaGñkR:kddUecñaH³ eTIbRTg´Rtas´ za ²Pikú¡ sikSaza

nUvGakar;mankarjúaMgjaN oekIteLIgCaedIm EdlKb|IeZVI cab´

GatμaGj

edImGMBIn&ymunenHeTA³ dUecñHÉg .

R:kdeT .

CaGñkkMNt´dwgnUvkay

degØImecj .l.

KWdegØImecjTaMgBYg

eTIbdk

eTIbdkdegØImcUl³ dUecñHCaedIm .

GatμaGj CaGñkkMNt´dwg

‘EkbsSmÖyM kaysg¡arM’

bNþabTTaMgenaH bTza ²sikSa³ KW RbwgERbg Büayam

Baküza ²Pikú¡sikSaza GatμaGj kalrmáab´nUvkaysg¡ar

y¨agenH . müa¨geT[t esckþIGZib|ay kñúgbTenH bNÐitKb|I

eTIbdkdegØImecj .l. eTIbdkdegØImcUl³ enaH KWPikú¡sikSaza

RCabza ²esckþIsRgYmÉNa énPikú¡GñkR:kddUecñaH esckþIsRgYm

²GatμaGj kalrmáab´ Bnøt´ rMlt´ b®g,abkaysg¡ar ‘BYkxül´

enH CaGZisIlsik¡a kúñgbTenH smaZiÉNa énPikú¡GñkR:ddUecñaH

degØImEvgxøIEdlRbRBwtþeTAkñúgkay’ EdleRKatRKat eTIbdkdegØIm

smaZienH CaGZicitþsik¡a kñúgbTenH

ecj dkdegØImcUl³ dUecñH .

bJ¦aÉNa énPikú¡GñkR:kd

dUecñaH bJ¦aenH CaGZibJ¦asik¡a kñúgbTenH Pikú¡sikSa KW esB

kñúger]genH PaBeRKatRKat nig PaBlÁitkþI

esckþIsáb´kþI


visuTÆimK< ERb

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104

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

bNÐitKb|IRCab dUcteTAenH ; k*kay nig citþ rbs´Pikú¡enH kñúg

sYrza ²dMeNIrenaH eRBaHehtuGVI/³ . eqøIyza ²eRBaHesckþIBitza

kalmun

kñúgkalmun eBlEdlminTan´:nkMNt´ ‘nUvkmμdðanenaH’ karrMBwg

eBlEdlminTan´:nkMNt´

‘nUvGana:nsStikmμdðan

enaH’ Cakaycitþ manesckþIRkvl´Rkvay eRKatRKat .

kalebI

Kit karRbmUlcitþ kareZVITukkñúgcitþ karBicarNa za ²GatμaGj

sUm|Ixül´dk

rmáab´nUvkaysg¡ar EdleRKatRKat>³ dUecñH minman dl´Pikú¡enaH

degØImecj nig xül´dkdegØImcUl k*eRKatRKat RbRBwtþeTA man

EtkñúgeBlEdl:nkMNt´ ‘nUvkmμdðanenaH’ ehIy eTIbman eRBaH

kMLaMgxøaMgkøa RcmuH minRKb´RKan´ Qr dkdegØImecjxøH dkdegØIm

ehtuenaH

cUlxøH tammat´ . k*kñúgeBlNa TaMgkay TaMgcitþ rbs´Pikú¡enaH

kmμdðan’ ehIy rEmglÁitCageBlEdlminTan´:nkMNt´ehIy .

KWxøÜn:nkMNt´ehIy kñúgeBlenaH kay nig citþenaH k*CaZmμCat

eRBaHehtuenaH :nCae:raNacarüTaMgLay eBalza ;

PaBeRKatRKat énkay nig citþ minTan´sáb´rmáab´

sáb´rmáab´ehIy . kalebIkay nig citþTaMgenaH sáb´rmáab´ehIy xül´dkdegØImecj nig xül´dkdegØImcUl Caxül´d*lÁit rEmg RbRBwtþeTA Caxül´dl´nUvGakar; EdlKYrBicarNaza ²man ß min manhñ@/³ . dUcCaxül´dkdegØImecj nig xül´dkdegØImcUl én buK<lEdlrt´cuHmkGMBIPñM ß Tmøak´Par;d*Zán´ecjGMBIk|al ehIy Qr Caxül´eRKatRKat RcmuH minRKb´RKan´ k*Qr dkdegØImecj

kaysg¡ar

énPikú¡enaH

kñúgeBlEdl:nkMNt´

‘nUv

k*kalebIkay nig citþ Rkvl´RkvayehIy kaysg¡ar

k*rEmgRbRBwtþeTAeRKatRKatEdr

kalebI

kay nig citþ minRkvl´RkvalehIy kaysg¡ar rEmgRbRBwtþeTA y¨aglÁit .

‘n&ypøÚvsmz;’

xøH dkdegØImcUlxøH tammat´ . k*kñúgeBlNa buK<lenaH benÞa

sUm|IkúñgeBlEdl:nkMNt´ ‘kmμdðan’ kaysg¡ar k*rab´

bg´ nUvesckþIen]yht´enaHehIy gUtTwk nig pwkTwkehIy dak´

za enAeRKatRKat kñúgóbcar; énbfmCÄan eTIblÁit sUm|Ikñúg

sMBt´TTwkelIebHdUg ehIyedkenAeRkammøb´d*RtCak´ kñúgeBlenaH

óbcar; énbfmCÄanenaH k*rab´za enAeRKatRKat kñúgbfmCÄan

xül´dkdegØImecj nig xül´dkdegØImcUlTaMgenaH énbuK<lenaH

eTIblÁit kñúgbfmCÄan nig kñúgóbcar;énTutiyCÄan k*rab´za enA

Caxül´d*lÁit dl´nUvGakar; KYrBicarNaza ²man ß minmanhñ@/³

eRKatRKat kñúgTutiyCÄan eTIblÁit kñúgTutiyCÄan nig kñúgób-

dUecñH y¨agNamij

kñúgkalmun eBlEdlminTan´:nkMNt´ ‘nUv

car;énttiyCÄan k*rab´za enAeRKatRKat kñúgttiyCÄan eTIblÁit

Gana:nsStikmμdðanenaH’ kay nig citþ énPikú¡enH .l. Cakay

kúñgttiyCÄan nig kñúgóbcar;énctutæCÄan k*rab´za enAeRKatRKat

dl´nUvGakar;KYrBicarNaza ²man ß minmanhñ@³ k*y¨agenaHEdr .

kñúgctutæCÄan lÁitéRkElg dl´nUvkarRbRBwtþieTAmin:nEmnBit³ .


visuTÆimK< ERb

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106

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

BaküEdl:neBalmkenH Camti énRBHTIXPaNk; ‘GñkeBal

kiriyakMNt´nUvGrUb eTIblÁit kaysg¡ar kñúgkiriyakMNt´ nUvGrUb

Km¬IrTIXnikay’ nig RBHsMyutþPaNk; ‘GñkeBalKm¬IrsMyutþ-

enaHesat k*rab´za enAeRKatRKat . kaysg¡ar kñúgkiriyakMNt´

nikay’ . EtRBHmCÄimPaNk; ‘GñkeBalKm¬IrmCÄimnikay’ TaMg

nUvrUb nig GrUb eTIblÁit

Lay EtgR:zña sUm|Ikñúgóbcar; énQanzñak´x¬s´> za lÁitéRk

GrUbenaHesat k*rab´za enAeRKatRKat . kaysg¡ar kñúgkiriya

ElgCagQanzñak´eRkam> y¨agenHza ²kñúgbfmCÄan kaysg¡ar

kMNt´ nUvbc©&y eTIblÁit kaysg¡ar kñúgkiriyakMNt´ nUvbc©&y

rab´za enAeRKatRKat kñúgóbcar; énTutiyCÄan eTIblÁit³ dUecñH .

enaHesat k*rab´za enARKatRKat . kaysg¡ar kñúgkiriyaeXIj

bu¨EnþebItammti

nUvnamrUb RBmTaMgbc©&y eTIblÁit kaysg¡ar kñúgkiriyaeXIj

énGacarüTaMgLayTaMgBYghñwgÉg

:nesckþIza

kaysg¡ar kñúgkiriyakMNt´ nUvrUb nig

²kaysg¡ar EdlRbRBwtþeTA kñúgkalEdlmin:nkMNt´ ‘kmμdðan’

nUvnamrUb

rEmgsáb´rmáab´ kñúgkalEdl:nkMNt´ ‘nUvkmμdðan’ kaysg¡ar

kaysg¡ar kñúgvibsSnaEdlman‘éRt’lk¡N¾CaGarmμN¾eTIblÁit.

EdlRbRBwtþeTA

kaysg¡ar kñúgvibsSna EdlmankMLaMgexSay k*rab´za enAeRKat

kñúgkalEdl:nkMNt´

‘nUvkmμdðan’

rEmgsáb´

rmáab´ kñúgóbcar; énbfmCÄan .l. kaysg¡ar EdlRbRBwtþeTA kñúgóbcar;énctutæCÄan rEmgsáb´rmáab´ kñúgctutæCÄan³ .

enH Ca

n&y kñúgsmz; mun .

k*rab´za

enAeRKatRKart

.

RKat kñúugvibsSna EdlmankMLaMg eTIblÁit . kñúgvibsSnaenaH esckþIrmaáb´ énkaysg¡ar Edlmankñúg mun> edaykaysg¡ar Edlmanxagcug> bNÐitKb|IRCab tam

‘n&ypøÚvvibsSna’ ‘167’

RBmTaMgbc©&yenaHesat

cMENkkñúgvibsSna

kaysg¡ar

n&yEdlelakeBalehIy kñúgkalmunhñwgÉg . EdlRbRBwtþeTA

esckþIeRKatRKat nig esckþIlÁitkþI nig esckþIsáb´rmáab´kþI

ehIy kñúgkiriyakMNt´ k*enAeRKatRKat kñúgkiriyakMNt´nUvmha-

bNÐitKb|IRCab kñúgbTenaH za ²bsSmÖyM kaysg¡arM GsS-

PUtrUb eTIblÁit sUm|Ikaysg¡ar EdlRbRBwtþeTA kñúgkiriyakMNt´

sisSami bsSsisSami³ dUc:neBalmkenHÉg .

nUvmhaPUtrUbenaHesat k*rab´za enAeRKatRKat . kaysg¡ar kñúg karkMNt´nUvó:TayrUb eTIblÁit kaysg¡ar kñúgkiriyakMNt´ nUv ó:TayrUbenaHesat k*rab´za enAeRKatRKat . kaysg¡ar kñúg kiriyakMNt´ nUvrUbTaMgmUl eTIblÁit kaysg¡ar kñúgkiriyakMNt´ nUvrUbTaMgmUlenaHesat k*rab´zaenAeRKatRKat .

kaysg¡ar kñúg

‘GtæaZib|aykñúgbdismÖiTamK<’ cMENkkñúgbdismÖiTa

elakeBalesckþIenH

énBaküza

²bsSmÖyM kaysg¡arM³ dUecñHenH mYyGenøIedaykarecaT nig kar eqøIy y¨agdUecñHza ²sYrza; Pikú¡sikSaza GatμaGj kalrmáab´nUv kaysg¡ar eTIbdkdegØImecj .l. eTIbdkdegØImcUl etIdUcemþc


visuTÆimK< ERb kaysg¡ar etIdUcemþc / ³ . RbRBwtþeTA

kñúgkay

107

eqøIyza ²Zm(TaMgLayenH Edl

KWxül´degØImecj

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

dkdegØImecj sikSaza GatμaGjkalrmáab´nUvkaysg¡ar eTIbdk

xül´degØImcUlEvg

degØImcUl edayGakar;y¨agenHehIy kalebIy¨agenH karR:kd

EdlCaZm(Cab´edaykay eQμaHza kaysg¡ar . Pikú¡ kaljúaMg

énkar:nnUvxül´k*man karR:kd énxül´degØImecj nig xül´

kaysg¡arTaMgLayenaHormáab´ KWzaorMlt´ osáb´rmáab´ eQμaH

degØImcUlk*man karR:kd énGana:nsStik*man TaMgkarR:kd

za sikSaza

énGana:nsStismaZik*man

.l.

nig

108

‘KW’ sikSaza karOn kargak karTeRmt

BYkbNÐit

eTIbcUlkan´smabtþi

karQm karrJ¢Üy karGnÞHsa karkeRmIk karjab´j&r Na én

enaHpg ecjcaksmabtþienaHpg dMeNIrenaHeRb[bdUcCaGVI eRb[b

kay edaykaysg¡arTaMgLay mansPaBy¨agNa GatμaGj

dUcCarKaMgEdleKeKaH sMeLgeRKatRKat rEmgRbRBwtþeTACadMbUg

kalrmáab´nUvkaysg¡ar

eTIbdkdegØImecj

eRBaHbuK<lkan´yklÁ eRBaHeZVITukkñúgcitþlÁ eRBaHcaMTuklÁ nUvnimitþ

sikSaza GatμaGj kalrmáab´ nUvkaysg¡ar eTIbdkdegØImcUl

énsMeLg d*eRKatRKat kalebIsMeLgd*eRKatRKat rlt´ehIy

sikSaza karminOn karmingak karminTeRmt karminQm kar

bnÞb´mk sMeLgd*lÁit rEmgRbRBwtþeTA CaxageRkay eRBaHbuK<l

minrJ¢Üy karminGnÞHsa karminkeRmIk karminjab´j&r Na én

kan´yklÁ eRBaHeZVITukkñúgcitþlÁ eRBaHcaMTuklÁ nUvnimitþ énsMeLg

kay edaykaysg¡arTaMgLay mansPaBy¨agNa GatμaGj

d*lÁit kalebIsMeLgd*lÁit rlt´ehIy bnÞab´mk citþ k*rEmg

kalrmáab´nUvkaysg¡ar

RbRBwtþeTA

mansPaBy¨agenaH

d*lÁitsuxum

mansPaBy¨agenaH

eTIb

dkdegØImecj eTIbdkdegØImcUl .

GarmμN¾

CaxageRkay

eRBaHcitþmannimitþ

manóbmadUcemþcmij

énsMeLgd*lÁitCa

manóbemyüdUcCaxül´degØIm

:n»za Pikú¡sikSaza GatμaGj kalrmáab´ nUvkaysg¡ar

ecj nig xül´degIØmcUl d*eRKatRKat rEmgRbRBwtþeTA CadMbUg

eTIbdkdegØImecj sikSaza GatμaGj kalrmáab´ nUvkaysg¡ar

eRBaHbuK<lkan´yklÁ eRBaHeZVITukkñúgcitþlÁ eRBaHcaMTuklÁ nUvnimitþ

eTIbdkdegØImcUl

kalebIy¨agenH

énxül´degØImecj nig xül´degØImcUld*eRKatRKat kalebIxül´

karR:kd énkar:nnUvxül´ minTan´man karR:kd éndegØImecj

degØImecj nig xül´degØImcUl d*eRKatRKat rlt´ehIy bnÞb´mk

nig cUl k*minTan´man karR:kd énGana:nsSti k*minTan´man

xül´degØImecj nig xül´degØImcUld*lÁit rEmgRbRBwtþeTA Caxag

TaMgkarR:kd énGana:nsStismaZi k*minTan´maneT bNÐitTaMg

eRkay eRBaHbuK<lkan´yklÁ eRBaHeZVITukkñúgcitþlÁ eRBaHcaMTuklÁ

Lay rEmgmincUlkan´smabtþienaHpg minecjcaksmabtþienaH

nUvnimitþ

pg :n»za Pikú¡sikSaza GatμaGj kalrmáab´nUvkaysg¡ar eTIb

xül´degØImecj nig xül´degØImcUld*lÁit

edayGakar;y¨agenHehIy

énxül´degØImecj

nig

xül´degØImcUld*lÁit rlt´ehIy

kalebI bnÞab´mk


visuTÆimK< ERb

109

110

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

citþ k*mindl´nUvesckþIraymay kñúgkalCaxageRkay eRBaHcitþ

GaTikmμikkulbuRt GñkR:zñaedIm|IcMerInnUvkmμdðanenH ehIyseRmc

yknimitþ énxül´degØImecj nig degØImcUl d*lÁitCaGarmμN¾ k*

nUvRBHGrhtþ RBmTaMgbdismÖiTaTaMgLay edayvibsSna Edl

y¨agenaHEdr kalebIy¨agenH karR:kd énkar:nnUvxül´k*man

manGana:nsStictutæCÄan CabTdðan Kb|IeZVInUvkic©TaMgBYg TaMg

karR:kd énxül´degØImecj nig xül´degØImcUlk*man karR:kd

Lay mankarCRmHnUvsIl tamn&yEdlelakeBalehIy kñúg

énGana:nsStik*man TaMgkarR:kdénGana:nsStismaZik*man

kalmunhñwgÉg ehIyer[nyknUvkmμdðan EdlmansnÆi ‘tMN’ 5

bNÐitTaMgLay

kñúgsMNak´ énGacarümanRbkar;EdleyIgeBalehIy .

rEmgcUlkan´smabtþienaHpg

rEmgecjcak

smabtþienaHpg kayKWxül´degØImecj nig xül´degØImcUl rbs´ Pikú¡kalrmáab´ nUvkaysg¡ar eQμaHzaóbdðan sti eQμaHzaGnu-

‘bJ©snÆi’ enH CatMN 5 kñúgGana:nsStienaH

KW; kiriyaer[nyk

bsSnajaN kay eQμaHzaóbdðan mineQμaHzastieT cMENk

kiriyasaksYr kiriyaR:kd kiriyasMerc kiriyakMNt´ . kñúgsnÆi

xagsti

rEmg

5 y¨agenaH karer[nyknUvkmμdðan eQμaHza óK<h; . karsak

BicarNaeXIjnUvkayenaH edaystienaH edayjaNenaH eRBaH

sYrnUvkmμdðan eQμaHza bribucäna . karR:kdc|as´ énkmμdðan

ehtuenaH elakeBalza karBicarNaeXIjnUvkaykñúgkay KWkar

eQμaHza óbdðan; . karsMercnUvkmμdðan eQμaHza Gb|na . kar

cMerInnUvstib|dðan ‘1’ ³ .

kMNt´nUvkmμdðan GZib|ayza ; karRTRTg´TuknUvsPav; énkmμdðan

eTIbeQμaHza

óbdðanpg

eQμaHzastipg

Pikú¡

enHCakarBN(nabTtamlMdab´énctuk,;TI1 EdlRTg´Rtas´ edayGMNacénkayanubsSna kñúgGana:nsStienaH CadMbUg .

za ²kmμdðanenH manlk¡N;y¨agenH³ dUecñH eQμaHza lk¡N; . RBHeyaKIkaler[nyknUvkmμdðanEdlmansnÆi 5 y¨agenH minlM:kedayxøÜnÉgpg TaMgmineb[teb[nGacarüpg eRBaHehtu

‘viZIhVwkhat´eZVI’ ‘168’ k*eRBaHzakñúgctuk,;TaMg 4 enaH ctuk,;enHÉg KWRBH

enaH RBHeyaKI Kb|IjúaMgGacarü osMEdgbnþicehIy sVaZüay

énGaTikmμikeyaKI

Gs´kaleRcIn er[nyknUvkmμdðanEdlmansnÆi 5 y¨agenHehIy

cMENkctuk,;TaMgLay 3 eRkAenH RBHGg<RTg´Rtas´ehIy eday

enAkñúgsMNak´énGacarük*:n kñúgTIesnasn;déT manRbkar;dUc

GMNac énevTnanubsSna citþanubsSna nig ZmμanubsSna én

eBalmkehIy kñúgkalmunk*:n manblieBaZtUc>pþac´bg´ehIy

RBHeyaKI Gñk:nnUvQanehIy kñúgbfmCÄanenH eRBaHehtuenaH

manP&tþkic©eZVIehIy benÞabg´nUvesckþIRsvwgkñúgP&tþ Gg<úyoRsYl

manRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´

1- suÇ xuÇ bdiÇ

edayGMNacénkmμdðan

PaKTI 70 TMB&rTI 145 .

eZVIcitþorIkray edaykiriyarlwker]y> nUvKuNRBHrtnéRtehIy


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GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

kMuoePøcPøaMgsUm|IbTmYy GMBIkarer[nGMBIGacarü Kb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþ

Kb|IsMEdgkarrab´ dac´Rtg´cenøaH . eRBaHza kalRBHeyaKIbJÄb´

nUvGana:nsStikmμdðanenH .

xageRkam cMnYn 5 citþúb|aT rEmgjab´j&r kñúgOkasd*cegÁ{t dUc

‘viZImnsikar’

CahVÚgeKa

‘169’ enHCaviZImnsikar kñúgGana:nsStikmμdðanenaH KW;

EdlnayeKa:lXaMgTukehIy

kñúgeRkald*cergÁ{t

jab´j&rdUecñaH . kalRBHeyaKInaMeTA xagelI cMnYn 10 citþúb|aT

1- KNna

karrab´ç

rEmgGaRs&yenAEtnwgkarrab´hñwgÉg . kalebIRBHeyaKI sMEdg

2- GnuBnÆna

karcgeRk[kç

karrab´dac´ kñúgcenøaH citþ rEmgkeRmIkjab´j&r za ²kmμdðan rbs´

3- pusna 4- fbna

7- :risuTÆi

RBHeyaKI Kb|Iev[r nUveTasTaMgLayenHehIy rab´cuH .

kartMkl´nUvcitþç

5- sløk¡Na 6- vivdþna

GatμaGj dl´TIbMput ßhñ@ ß minTan´dl´TIbMput³ eRBaHehtuenaH

karBal´RtUvç

‘karrab´yWt>’

karkMNt´Cak´ç

k*GaTikmμikkulbuRt kalrab´ Kb|Irab´ edayviZIrab´yWt>

karpøas´bþÚrç

KWrab´dUcCabuK<lGñkval´RsUv CadMbUg . EmnBit buK<lGñkval´

esckþIbrisuTÆiç

8- etsJ© bdibsSna nig R:C\aeXIjnUvmK< nig plTaMgenaH. kñúgbTTaMgenaH karrab´hñwgÉg eQμaHza KNna . karnaM mktamlMdab´ eQμaHza GnuBnÆna . TIEdlBal´RtUv eQμaHza pusna . karsMerc eQμaHza fbna . kareXIjc|as´ eQμaHza sløk¡Na . mK< eQμaHza vivdþna . pl eQμaHza :risuTÆi . karBicarNaeXIjc|as´ eQμaHza karBicarNaeXIjc|as´nUvmK< nig plTaMgLayenaH .

GaTikmμikkulbuRtenH

kñúgcitþ nUvkmμdðanenH edaykarrab´ Camun . bJÄb´ xageRkam cMnYn 5

kalbMeBjmþgeT[t eXIjnUvsMramNamYy k*ecalnUvsMramenaH ehIyeBalza ²mYy mYy³ dUecñH .

kúñgkarrab´TaMgLay mankar

rab´za ²BIr BIr³ dUecñH k*mann&ydUcKñaenHEd y¨agNamij

sUm|I

GaTikmμikkulbuRtenH k*Kb|Ikan´yknUvxül´degØImecj nig xül´ degØImcUlEdlR:kd ehIykMNt´nUvxül´ EdlRbRBwtþeTAer]y> enaHÉg ehIyrab´ cab´edImtaMgBI ²mYy mYy³ rhUteTAdl´ ²db´ db´³ k*y¨agenaHEdr .

‘KNna viZIrab´’ kñúgmnsikarviZITaMgenaH

RsUv júaMgnaLi oeBjehIy eBalza ²mYy³ ehIyk*cak´ZarcuH

Kb|IeZVITuk

k*kalrab´ minKb|I

minKb|InaMeTA xagelI

cMnYn 10 min

‘viZIrab´rh&s’ kalGaTikmμikkulbuRtenaH

rab´y¨agenH

xül´degØImecj

nig xül´degØImcUl EdlkMBugecj nig kMBugcUl rEmgR:kd .


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GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

bnÞab´mk RBHeyaKIenH Kb|IlHbg´ nUvkarrab´yWt KWkarrab´dUc

eRBaHza kñúgkmμdðan EdlCab´Tak´Tg edaykarrab´ citþ CaZmμCat

CabuK<lGñkval´RsUvenaH ehIyrab´ edaykarrab´y¨agel]n KWrab´

manGarmμN¾EtmYy edaykMLaMg énkarrab´hñwgÉg dUcCakarct

dUcCanayeKa:l . EmnBit nayeKa:lEdlqøat dak´nUvRkYs

nUvTUkkñúgExSTwkd*kMNac edayGMNacénkarTb´edayezñal y¨ag

TaMgLay nwgzñk´ manExS nig dMbg kñúgéd edIreTAkan´eRkal taMg

dUecñaHÉg

BIRBlwmRsag eKaHeKaTaMgLay Rtg´xñg Gg<úy elIcugénssr

rEmgR:kd dUcCaRbRBwtþeTAehIy minmancenøaH . bnÞab´mk RBH

Ek|reRkal pÞat´eTAehIy> nUvRkYs ehIyrab´nUvemeKa Edldl´

eyaKIenaH Kb|Idwgza ²kmμdðanrEmgRbRBwtþeTAminmancenøaH³ dUecñH

ehIy> nUvTVarhñwgÉg ehIyrab´za ²mYy BIr³ dUecñH .

hVÚgeKa

ehIy kMukan´yknUvxül´xagkñúg nig xül´xageRkA ehIyrab´eday

EdlenAy¨aglM:k kñúgOkasEdlcegÁ{t Gs´raRtI manyam 3

rh&séRkeBk tamn&ymunhñwgÉg . eRBaHza kalRBHeyaKIbJ¢Ún

kalecjmk

ecjeTA

citþeTA CamYynwgxül´EdlcUleTA xagkñúg citþ eRb[bdUcCaRtUv

edayrh&s . nayeKa:lenaH k*rab´ edayrh&s> za ²bI bYn

xül´bk´e:kehIy nig dUcCaeBjehIy edayxøaj´xab´ BÆd*xag

R:MÇÇÇ db´³ dUecñH . kalRBHeyaKIenH rab´ tamn&ymun y¨agenH

kñúg . kalRBHeyaKI naMcitþecjmk CamYynwgxül´ Edlecj

xül´degØImecj nig xül´degØImcUl CasPav;R:kd sJ©reTA

mkxageRkA citþ rEmgraymay kñúgGarmμN¾EdlRkas´ BÆd*xag

er]y> y¨agel]n> . bnÞab´mk RBHeyaKIenaHKb|Idwgza ²xül´

eRkA . luHdl´RBHeyaKI tm,l´nUvsti kúñgOkasEdlxül´Bal´

degØImecj nig xül´degØImcUl EtgsJ©reTAer]y>³ dUecñHehIy

RtUvehIycMerInhñwgÉg eTIbPavna seRmc .

minkan´yk nUvxül´GsSasbsSas; TaMgxagkñúg TaMgxageRkA

m©as´eBalza ²RBHeyaKI kMukan´yknUvxül´ TaMgxagkñúg TaMgxag

kan´ykEtxül´Edlmkdl´nUvTVarbu¨eNÑaH ehIyrab´el]n> za ;

eRkA ehIyrab´ edayrh&séRkeBk tamn&ymunenaHÉg³ .

k*RbeRc[tKñanwgKña

mansPaBCahVÚg>

1 2 3 4 5ç

.

kalRBHeyaKIenaH

rab´el]n>

y¨agenH

kmμdðan

eRBaHehtuenaH x\úM

sYrza ²k*xül´GsSasbsSas;nu@H etIRBHeyaKI Kb|Irab´

1 2 3 4 5 6ç

yUrbu¨nμaneTA/³ .

1 2 3 4 5 6 7ç

rab´ehIy sti k*taMgenARBm kñúgGarmμN¾ KWxül´degØImecj nig

eqøIyza ²RBHeyaKI Kb|Irab´ rhUtev[rcakkar

1 2 3 4 5 6

7

xül´degØImcUl³ . eRBaHza karrab´ k*edIm|IeZVIkarkat´pþac´ nUvvitk,;

1 2 3 4 5 6

7

8 9ç

EdlraldaleTA BÆd*xageRkAehIy tm,l´nUvsti kñúgGarmμN¾ KW

1 2 3 4 5 6

7

8 9

10 dUecñHÉg .

GsSasbsSas; o:nhñwgÉg .

RBHeyaKI

luHeZVITukkñúgcitþ


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GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

edayviZIrab´ y¨agenHehIy Kb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþ edaykarrab´ tam

Kb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþ edayGMNac énkarBal´RtUvpg edayGMNac

lMdab´ ‘bnþeTAeT[t’ .

énkartm,l´Tukpg .

‘GnuBnÆna viZIrab´tamxül´’

EmnBit kareZVITukkñúgcitþ edayGMNacénkarBal´RtUv nig

kiriyapÁakTuknUvkarrab´ ehIybJ¢Únsti eTAtamxül´degØIm

kartm,l´Tuk minmanepSg dUcCakareZVITukkñúgcitþ edayGMNac én

ecj nig xül´degØImcUl minomancenøaH eQμaHza GnuBnÆna .

karrab´ nig karCab´tameT . Etza RBHeyaKIkalrab´ kñúgTIEdl

Etza karbJ¢ÚnenaH minKb|IeZVI edayGMNacénkarbJ¢ÚneTAkan´

xül´Bal´RtUvehIy> hñwgÉg eZVITukkñúgcitþ edaykarrab´ nig kar

xagedIm kNþal nig xagcugeT . eRBaHza sMrab´xül´ecjeTA

Bal´RtUv pÁakkarrab´ kñúgTIEdlxül´Bal´RtUvehIy> enaHÉg p©g´

xageRkA p©wt KWxagedIm ebHdUg KWkNþal xagcug KWRcmuH .

stieTAtamxül´GsSasbsSas;TaMgenaH nig tm,l´citþ eday

sMrab´xül´EdlcUleTAxagkñúg cugRcmuH eQμaHzaxagedIm ebHdUg

GMNacénGb|na elakehAza ²eZVITukkñúgcitþ edayGnuBnÆnapg

eQμaHza kNþal p©wt eQμaHza xagcug . k*kalRBHeyaKIenaH

edaypusnapg edayfbnapg³ dUecñH . esckþIenHenaH bNÐit

bJ¢ÚneTA nUvxül´GsSasbsSas;enaH

Kb|IRCab edayesckþIóbmaedaybursxVin nig qμaMTVar EdlRBH

raymay

rEmgman

citþ Edldl´nUvesckþI

edIm|IesckþIraymaypg

edIm|Ikiriyajab´

j&rpg . dUcCaRBHsarIbuRt eBalza ²kalPikú¡p©g´sμartIeTAkan´ xül´dkdegØImecj xagedIm kNþal nig xagcug

Gdðkzacarü eBalehIy kñúgGdðkzaTaMgLay nig edayesckþI óbmaedayrNar EdlelakeBalehIy kñúgbdismÖiTa .

kay nig citþ

bNþaóbmaTaMgenaH enHeKWCasckþIóbma edaybursxVin .

rEmgCasPav;rJ¢Üypg rMePIbpg jab´j&rpg edaysarcitþEdl

bursxVin eyaleTag edIm|Imata nig buRtTaMgLaykMBugelgeTag

e:HeTA kñúgxül´degØImxagkñúg

kalPikú¡p©g´sμartIeTAkan´xül´dk

Gg<úy eT[beCIgssreTag kñúgTIenaHÉg rEmgeXIjnUvTIbMputTaMg

degØImcUl xagedIm kNþal nig xagcug kay nig citþ rEmg

BIrpg nUvBak´kNþalpg énEpnkþareTag EdlmkpgeTApg tam

CasPav;rJ¢Üypg

edaysarcitþEdl

lMdab´ EtzaCaGñkminxVl´xVay edIm|IeXIj nUvTIbMputTaMgBIr nig

eRBaHehtuenaH RBHeyaKI

Rtg´kNþal y¨agNamij Pikú¡QrenA Ek|rssrEdlcUleTAcg

rMePIbpg

jab´j&rpg

e:HeTAkñúgxül´degØImxageRkA ‘1’ ³ . kaleZVITukkñúgcitþ

eday

edayGMNacénsti eyalnUveTagKWxül´GsSasbsSas;ehIy

GMNacénxül´xagedIm kNþal nig xagcugeT . Etza RBHeyaKI

Gg<úy kñúgnimitþenaHÉg edaysti kalp©g´ edaysti tm,l´citþ

1-

edaykarCab´tam

suÇ xuÇ bdiÇ PaKTI 70 TMB&rTI 91 .

minKYreZVITukkñúgcitþ

Rtg´TIEdlxül´Bal´RtUvehIy> hñwgÉg k*rEmgeXIj nUvxagedIm


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GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

Rtg´kNþal nig xagcug énxül´GsSasbsSas; kñúgTIEdl

manGZib|aydUcemþc/ . manGZib|ayza ; Zm(TaMgLay 3 enH

xül´TaMgenaH mkpgeTApg Bal´RtUvehIy> edaylMdab´ Etza

minEmnCaGarmμN¾ rbs´citþEtmYyeT

Pikú¡enH CaGñkminxVl´xVay edIm|IeXIj nUvxül´GsSasbsSas;

minEmnCaZm( KWPikú¡enaH mindwgeT

TaMgenaH . enHCaóbmaedaybursxVin .

pg bZan ‘esckþIBüayam’ rEmgR:kdpg TaMgRBHeyaKI k*júaMg

cMENkóbmaedayGñkqμaMTVar mandUcteTAenH . qμaMTVar min

RbeyaK

oseRmcpg

Etza Zm(TaMgLay 3 enH

citþ mindl´nUvesckþIraymay

rEmg:nnUvKuNviess

eRb[bbIdUcCa

BicarNa nUvbursTaMgLay TaMgxagkñúg TaMgxageRkA énnKr za

edImeQIEdleKdaMehIy kñúgPUmiPaKEdlesμI bursKb|Ikat´nUvedIm

²GñkCaGñkNa ß GñkmkGMBITINa GñkeTATINa ßk* GVImanenA kñúg

eQIenHenaH edayrNa sti KWburs‘enaH’ taMgTukehIy eday

édGñk³ dUecñH eRBaHza bursTaMgenaH minEmnCaPar;énqμaMTVarenaHeT

GMNac éneZμjrNar EdlBal´RtUvedImeQI

Etza qμaMTVarBicarNa nUvmnusSEdlmkdl´TVarehIy mkdl´TVar

eZVITukkñúgcitþ nUveZμjrNar EdlmkehIypg EdleTAehIypgeT

ehIyEtbu¨eNÑaHÉg

xül´

Etza eZμjrNar EdlmkehIykþI EdleTAehIykþI k*minEmnburs

ecjeTAxageRkAkþI minEmnCaPar; énPikú¡enHeT xül´Edlmkdl´

enaH mindwgenaHeT bZan ‘esckþIBüayam’ rEmgR:kdpg burs

TVarehIy mkdl´TVarehIyhñwgÉg KWCaPar; énPikú¡enH k*y¨agenaH

enaH rEmgjúaMgRbeyaK oseRmcpg

y¨agNamij

xül´cUleTAxagkñúgkþI

Edr . enH CaóbmaedayGñkqμaMTVar . cMENkóbmaedayrNar bNÐitKb|IRCab taMgEtGMBIedIm

bursenaH min:n

rEmg:n nUvKuNviess

y¨agNamijç nimitþCaeRK]gcUleTAcgepÁab eRb[bdUcCaedImeQI EdleKdaMehIy kñúgPUmiPaKEdlesμI xül´degØImecj nig xül´

dUecñHÉg . smdUcCaBaküEdlRBHsarIbuRteBalehIy za ; ‘1’

degØImcUl eRb[bdUcCaeZμjrNarç sti CaZmμCati KWburs taMg

nimitþ xül´degØImecj nig xül´degØImcUl BMuEmn

TukehIy edayGMNacéneZμjrNarEdlBal´RtUvedImeQI Etza

Etza kalPikú¡min

bursenaH min:neZVITukkñúgcitþ nUveZμjrNarEdlmk ß eTAeLIy

nimitþ xül´degØImecj nig xül´degØImcUl min

bursenaH mindwgenaHeT bZan ‘esckþIBüayam’ rEmgR:kdpg

EmnCaGarmμN¾ rbs´citþEtmYyeT Etza kalPikú¡

bursenaH rEmgjúaMgRbeyaK oseRmcpg rEmg:nKuNviess

CaGarmμN¾ rbs´citþEtmYyeT

dwgnUvZm(TaMgLay 3 Pavna rEmgmin:nsMercç

dwgnUvZm(TaMgLay 3 1- suÇ xuÇ bdiÇ

Pavna rEmg:nsMerc .

PaKTI 70 TMB&rTI 104 .

TaMgeZμjrNar

EdlmkehIykþI

EdleTAehIykþI

k*minEmnCa

y¨agNamijç Pikú¡ Gg<úytaMgsti Rtg´cugRcmuHkþI Rtg´nimitþ én mat´kþI mineZVITukkñúgcitþ nUvxül´GsSasbsSas;EdlmkehIy ß


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EdleTAehIy Etza xül´GsSasbsSas;EdlmkehIykþI Edl eTAehIykþI minEmnCasPav;KWPikú¡enaHmindwgenaHeT bZan ‘esckþI

120

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

enH CaóbmaedayrNar . ‘170’

k*ehtuRtwmEtRBHeyaKIenaHmineZVITukkñúgcitþ eday

Büayam’ rEmgR:kdpg Pikú¡enaH rEmgjúaMgRbeyaK oseRmc

GMNacénxül´GsSasbsSas;bu¨eNÑaH

pg rEmg:nnUvKuNviess k*y¨agenaHEdr .

RbeyaCn¾ kñúgesckþIóbmaedayrNarenH .

bNÐitKb|IRCabza

Ca

Baküza ²bZan³ mansMNYrza bZan etIdUcemþc . eqøIy

k*nimitþ ekIteLIg nig fbna eBalKWGb|na EdlRbdab´

za TaMgkayTaMgcitþ énPikú¡GñkmanBüayamR:rBÆehIy CaZmμCat

edayGg<Qand*ess rEmgsMerc edaykalminyUrhñwgÉg dl´

KYrdl´kargar enH eQμaHza bZan .

RBHeyaKIBYkxøH EdleZVITukkñúgcitþ nUvkmμdðanenH . EtsRmab´RBH

sYrza RbeyaK etIdUcemþc . eqøIyza óbk,ielsTaMgLay

eyaKIBYkxøH

nakalesckþIRkvl´RkvaypøÚvkay

sáb´rmáab´ehIy

KWPikú¡GñkmanBüayamR:rBÆehIy EtglHbg´:n vitk,;TaMgLay

edayGMNacénkarrMlt´ nUvxül´GsSasbsSas; d*eRKatRKat

k*rmáab´:n enH eQμaHza RbeyaK .

tamlMdab´ cab´edImGMBIkalCaTIeZVITukkñúgcitþ edayGMNacénkar

sYrza KuNviess etIdUcemþc . eqøIyza sMeyaCn;TaMg

rab´ kaykþI citþkþI CaZmμCatRsal srIr; eRb[bbIdUcCadl´nUv

Lay KWPikú¡GñkmanBüayamR:rBÆehIy EtglHbg´:n Gnus&y

Gakar;GENþteLIg BÆd*Gakas . kalRBHeyaKImankayRkvl´

TaMgLay k*dl´nUvesckþIvinas enH eQμaHza KuNviess .

Rkvay Gg<úy elIERKkIþ elItaMgkþI

Zm(TaMg 3 enH minEmnCaGarmμN¾ rbs´citþEtmYyeT Etza

ERK nig taMg rEmgRTuDcuH »

RkibeRk[b kMral cab´epþImrYjç Etza kalRBHeyaKIminmankay

Zm(TaMg 3 enH minEmnCaZm( KWRBHeyaKIenaHmindwgenaHeT citþ

Rkvl´Rkvay Gg<úy elIERKkIþ elItaMgkþI

k*mindl´nUvesckþIraymaypg bZan rEmgR:kdpg RBHeyaKI

RTuDcuH min»RkibeRk[beT eRK]gkMralmincab´epþImrYjeT ERK nig

rEmgjúaMgRbeyaKoseRmcpg :nnUvKuNviess dUecñHÉg .

taMg eRb[bdUcCaBUkRtUveKjat´ehIyedaybu¨yKr . eRBaHehtuGVI

Gana:nsSti

buK<lNa:nbMeBjehIy

cMerIn

eRBaHkayEdlminRkvl´Rkvay rEmgCaZmμCatRsal eRBaHehtu

rEmg

ehIy edayGMNacénkiriyarMlt´nUvxül´GsSasbsSas; Edl

ehIy edayRbéB snSMehIy edaylMdab´ o dUcRBHBuTÆRTg´sMEdgTukehIy

buK<lenaH

júaMgelakenH oPøWc|as´ dUcCaRBHc&nÞ Edlput RsLHcakBBk .

ERK nig taMg rEmgmin

Na eRBaHehtuenaH kalesckþIRkvl´Rkvayénkay sám´rmaáb´

eRKatRKat tamlMdab´ cab´edImGMBIkalCaTIeZVITukkñúgcitþ eday GMNacénkarrab´ kaykþI citþkþI CaZmμCatRsal srIr; CaZmμCat


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GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

eRb[bdUcCadl´nUvGakar;GENþteLIg BÆd*Gakas k*y¨agenaHEdr.

Pikú¡enaH minRtUveRkakcakGasn; ehIyrlas´ nUvkMNat´Es|k

kalxül´GsSasbsSas; d*eRKatRKat rlt´ehIy

edIreTAeLIy . sYrza etIKb|IeZVIy¨agdUcemþc .

citþ rbs´

eqøIyza Pikú¡ min

RBHeyaKIenaH mannimitþKWxül´GsSasbsSas;d*lÁit CaGarmμN¾

KYreRkak edayKitza ²GatμaGj nwgsYrnUvGacarü³ dUecñH ß ßza

rEmgRbRBwtþeTA . sUm|InimitþenaH rlt´ehIy citþ déT> eT[t Ca

²«LÚvenH kmμdðanrbs´GatμaGj vinasehIy³ dUecñHeLIy eRBaH

ZmμCatmannimitþ KWxül´GsSasbsSas; d*lÁitéRkElgCagenaH

za

CaGarmμN¾ rEmgRbRBwtþeTAhñwgÉg. sYrza edayRbkardUcemþc .

kmμdðanenAEtzμI> dEdl eRBaHehtuenaH RBHeyaKIGg<úyy¨agNa

eqøIyza ²bNÐitKb|IRCabza eRb[bdUcburseKaHrKaMgsMriTÆi eday

hñwgÉg Kb|InaMmkcakTIkEnøg .

bnÞHelah;d*ZM sMeLgd*xøaMg Kb|IekIteLIg edaykarvayEtmþg

RBHeyaKIkaljúaMg«riyabz

okMerIkehIyeTA

kmμdðan

Ca

‘ó:ynaMxül´’

bu¨eNÑaH citþrbs´bursenaHCacitþmansMeLgeRKatRKatCaGarmμN¾

enHCaó:ynaMmk kñúgBaküenaH . Pikú¡enaH dwgPav;KWkiriya

RbRBwtþeTA . kalsMeLgEdleRKatRKat rlt´ehIy RKaenaH

minR:kd énkmμdðanehIy Kb|IBicarNa dUecñHza ²eQμaHza xül´

eRkaymk citþrbs´bursenaHk*mannimitþénsMeLgd*lÁitCaGarmμN¾

GsSasbsSas;TaMgenH

sUm|IkalnimitþenaH rlt´ehIy

citþ déT> eT[t CaZmμCatman

mandl´buK<lNa ß minmandl´buK<lNa³ dUecñH . tmk kal

nimtþénsMeLg d*lÁitéRkElgCagenaHCaGarmμN¾ rEmgRbRBwtþeTA

RBHeyaKI BicarNay¨agenH k*dwgza ²xül´GsSasbsSas;TaMg

y¨agdUecñaHÉg³ .

EmnBit sUm|IRBHsarIbuRt k*:neBalBakü

enH minmandl´stVTaMgLay BÆd*xagkñúg épÞénmata minmandl´

enH ‘kñúgbdismÖiTamK<’ za ²eRb[bdUcCa nakalrKaMg RtUveKvay

buK<lTaMgLayEdlmuCcuHkñúgTwk mYyvijeT[t minmandl´buK<l

ehIyÇÇdz dUecñHCaedIm .

TaMgLay EdlCaGsJ¦IstV minman dl´buK<lTaMgLayEdl

esckþIBisþar bNÐitKb|IRCab ‘tamn&y

kñúgbdismÖiTaenaHcuH’ .

‘lk¡N;EdlepSgcakkmμdðandéT’

rEmgman

kñúgTINa

minmankñúgTINa

søab´ehIy minmandl´GriybuK<lTaMgLay EdlcUlctutæCÄan minmandl´GriybuK<lTaMgLay GñkRbkbedayrUbPBnigGrUbPB

dUcCakmμdðanTaMgLaydéT rEmgR:kdc|as´ BÆd*xagelI>

minmandl´GriybuK<lTaMgLayEdlcUlnieraZ³ dUecñHehIy Kb|I

y¨agNamij kmμdðanenH mindUecñaHeT . EtzakmμdðanenH kalRBH

BicarNaxøÜn edayxøÜnÉg y¨agenHza ²EnbNÐit ERkgGñkminEmn

eyaKIcMerIn x¬s´eLIgeTA> rEmgdl´nUvPaBd*lÁit mincUleTAdl´

fitenA kñúgépÞénmata minEmnmuCcuH kñúgTwk minEmnCaGsJ¦IstV

karR:kdeLIy . EtzakalkmμdðanenaH minTan´R:kd y¨agenH

minEmnCaGñksøab´ minEmnCaGñkcUl nUvctutæCÄan

minEmnCaGñk


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GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

RbkbRBmedayrUbPB nig GrUbPB minEmnCaGñkcUlnieraZ xül´

dUcCa kñúgeBlEdlbuK<leZVIkarCul nUvsadksac´m¨t´ sUm|Im¢úl

GsSasbsSas;TaMgenaH enAEtmandEdlhñwgÉg EtGñkminGac

d*qμar KWbuK<lKb|IR:zña sUm|IecssMrab´edat nUvec|asénm¢úl d*

edIm|IkMNt´:neT

.

qμaréRkElgCagenaH k*buK<lKb|IR:zñaEdr y¨agNamij kñúgeBl

edayGMNacénxül´Edl

cMerInnUvkmμdðanenH EdlR:kdesμIedaysadksac´m¨t´ sti Edl

Bal´RtUvehIytamRbRktI ehIyjúaMgmnsikar oRbRBwtþeTA . k*

eRb[bdUcCam¢úlpg bJ¦ad*sm|yutþedaystienaHpg EdleRb[b

xül´GsSasbsSas;TaMgenH

dUcCaecssMrab´edat nUvec|asénm¢úlpg EdlmankMLaMg KWRBH

bnÞab´mk

eRBaHPaBénxøÜnCaGñkmanR:C\ad*Tn´exSay³

RBHeyaKIenaH

Kb|ItaMgcitþ

sMrab´buK<lmanRcmuHEvg

xÞb´nUv

ekþagRcmuHRbRBwtþeTA . xül´GsSasbsSas;TaMgenH sMrab´Gñk

eyaKIKb|IR:zña k*y¨agenaHEdr .

manRcmuHxøI xÞb´nUvbbUrmat´BÆd*xagelI RbRBwtþeTA . eRBaHehtuenaH

k*Pikú¡GñkRbkbedaysti nig bJ¦aTaMgenaH minKYrEsVgrk

RBHeyaKIenaH Kb|Itm,l´nUvnimitþza ²xül´GsSasbsSas; xÞb´

xül´GsSasbsSas;TaMgenaH kñúgTIdéTGMBIOkasEdlxül´Bal´

nUvTIeQμaHenH³ . EmnBit RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´GaRs&ynUvGMNac

RtUv tamRbRktIeT . eRb[bdUcCa GñkERsP¢ÜrERsehIyElgeKa

énRbeyaCn¾enH eTIbRTg´Rtas´za ²mñalPikú¡TaMgLay tzaKt min

cMerInTaMgLay edjomanmuxeq¬aHeTAkan´TIeKacr Gg<úysMrakenA

eBalnUvkarcMerInGana:nsSti dl´buK<lGñkePøcPøaMgsti Gñkmin

eRkammøb´ kalebIdUecñaH eKacMerInTaMgenaH rbs´GñkERsenaH Kb|I

dwgxøÜn³ dUecñHCaedIm .

cUleTAkan´dgéRB edayel]n GñkERsEdlCaGñkqøat R:zñacg´

EmnBit

kmμdðanNanimYy

dl´buK<lGñkman

cab´eKaTaMgnu@H ykmkTwmmþgeT[t min:c´eTAtamsñameCIgeKaTaMg

sti GñkdwgxøÜnEtbu¨eNÑaH k*BitEmnehIy k*bu¨EnþzakmμdðandéTeRkA

enaHeT edIreTAkan´dgéRB RKan´Etkan´ykExS nig CnøÜj ehIyedIr

GMBIkmμdðanenH rEmgR:kdc|as´ dl´GñkEdleZVITukkñúgcitþ> . É

tRmg´Rtg´ eTAkan´kMBg´TwkEdleKaTaMgenaH enApþúMKñaEtmþg ehIy

Gana:nsStikmμdðanenH Zán´ karPavnak*Zán´ CaPUmiénmnsikar én

Gg<úyßk*edk . eRkaymk GñkERsenaH eXIjeKaTaMgenaHRtac´

RBHBuTÆ RBHbec©kBuTÆ nig buRtrbs´RBHBuTÆTaMgLayEdlCamha-

eTA Gs´cMENkénézáehIy cuHkMBg´TwkCaTIRbCMuKña RtaMpg pwkpg

bursbu¨eNÑaH minEmnCakmμdðanzyezakeT nig minEmnCakmμdðan

ehIyeLIgmkQrenA k*ykExScg cak´nwgCnøÜj naMykeTATwm

EdlstVzñak´lμmesB:neT

KWeZVITukkñúgcitþ

eZVIkargar mþgeT[t y¨agNamij

k*rEmgsáb´rmáab´

edayRbkarenaH>

nig

lÁit

rEmgsMerc

edayRbkarNa>

Pikú¡enaH minKb|IEsVgrkxül´

eRBaHehtuenaH

GsSasbsSas;TaMgenaH kñúgTIdéTGMBIOkasEdlxül´enaHBal´

kñúgkmμdðanenH sti nig bJ¦a d*mankMLaMgKWRBHeyaKIKb|IR:zña .

RtUvehIytamRbRktI RKan´Etkan´yknUvExSKWsti nig CnøÜjKWbJ¦a


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GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

tm,l´citþ kñúgOkasEdlxül´Bal´RtUvehIy tamRbRktI ehIy

GaTitük*man .

júaMgmnsikar oRbRBwtþeTA d|itza kalPikú¡enaH eZVITukkñúgcitþ

esckþIepSgKña k*eRBaHPaBénRBHeyaKImansJ¦aepSgKña eRb[bdUc

y¨agenH minyUrbu¨nμaneLIy xül´GsSasbsSas;TaMgenaH rEmg

Ca

R:kd dUceKaTaMgLayEdlR:kd Rtg´kMBg´TwkEdlCaTIRbCMucuH

Pikú¡mYyrUb eBalza ²RBHsURtenH R:kddl´elakTaMgLay dUc

tGMBIenaHmk Pikú¡enaHKb|IykExSKWsticg TwmkñúgTIenaHÉg eRsc

CaGIV³ dUecñHç Pikú¡mYyrUb k*eqøIytbza ²R:kddl´x\úM dUcCasÞwgd*ZM

ehIycak´edayCnøÜjKWbJ¦a

EdlhUrecjGMBIPñM³ dUecñHç Pikú¡déTeT[t eqøIyza ²‘nimitþenH’ rEmg

RbkbnUvkmμdðaner]y>

k*y¨agenaH

Edr . kalPikú¡enaH Rbkby¨agenH minyUrbu¨nμan nimitþ k*R:kd .

‘nimitþR:kdepSgKña’

k*ÉkmμdðanenHenaH EtmYyKt´ rEmgR:kd eday

kalPikú¡TaMgLayeRcInrUb

R:kddl´x\úM

Gg<úysVaZüaynUvRBHsURt

dUcCadgéRBmYy³ dUecñHç

kal

Pikú¡mYyrUbeT[t eqøIyza

²‘nimitþenH’ R:kddl´x\úM dUcCaedImeQI EdleBjehIy eday

k*GacarüTaMgLayBYkxøH eBalza ²nimitþenHenaH minEmn

Tmán´énEpø EdlbribUreTAedayEmk manmøb´d*RtCak´³ dUecñH . Emn

CanimitþR:kdesμIEtmYy dl´RBHeyaKITaMgBYgeLIy bu¨Enþza nimitþ

Bit RBHsURtenaH EtmYyKt´ rEmgR:kd dl´Pikú¡TaMgLayenaH

enaH rEmgR:kd dl´RBHeyaKIBYkxøH dUcCabu¨uyKrk*man dUcCa

epSgKña eRBaHPikú¡TaMgenaHmansJ¦aepSgKña y¨agdUecñaH . eRBaHza

bu¨ykb|ask*man

kmμdðanenH ekItGMBIsJ¦a mansJ¦aCaehtu mansJ¦aCaEdnekIt

dUcCaZñarénxül´k*man

EdljúaMgsuxsmösS

oekIteLIg³ .

eRBaHehtuenaH bNÐitKb|IRCabza ²rEmgR:kd edayesckþIepSg

cMENkesckþIvinicä&y kñúgGdðkzaTaMgLay dUcteTAenH . k*nimitþenH

rEmgR:kd

dl´RBHeyaKIBYkxøH

dUcCarUbp,ayk*man

dUcCaduMEkvmNIk*man dUcCadMuEkvmukþak*man sMrab´RBHeyaKIBYkxøH

Kña eRBaHPav;énRBHeyaKITaMgenaH mansJ¦aepSgKña³ dUecñHÉg .

‘er]gZm( 3 Rbkar’ k*kñúgkmμdðanenH citþ

Edlmanxül´degØImecjCaGarmμN¾

CanimitþmansmösSrwg rEmgR:kd dUcCaRKab´kb|ask*man dUcCa

CacitþmYy citþ Edlmanxül´degØImcUlCaGarmμN¾ CacitþmYy citþ

rnukeQIEdlmanxøwmk*man sMrab´RBHeyaKIBYkxøH rEmgR:kd dUc

EdlmannimitþCaGarmμN¾ k*CacitþmYyEdr . EmnBit Zm(TaMgLay

CaExSsgVad*Evgk*man

dUcCaGNþatEpSgk*

bIenH minmandl´buK<lNa kmμdðan énbuK<lenaH rEmgmindl´nUv

man sMrab´RBHeyaKIBYkxøH rEmgR:kd dUcCasrésBIgBagEdl

Gb|napg nUvóbcar;pg . bu¨EnþZm(TaMgbIenH mandl´buK<lNa

latehIyk*man dUcCadM:rBBkk*man dUcCap,aQUkk*man dUcCa

kmμdðan énbuK<lenaHÉg rEmgdl´nUvGb|napg nUvóbcar;pg .

dUcCakRmgp,ak*man

kg´rzk*man dUcCamNÐl énRBHc&nÞk*man nig dUcCamNÐlénRBH

smdUcBaküEdlRBHsarIbuRteBal ‘kñúgbdismÖiTamK<’ za


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GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

nimitþ xül´degØImecj nig xül´degØImcUl BMuEmn

cUreZVITukkñúgcitþ nUvkmμdðaner]y>³ .

dwgnUvZm(TaMgLay 3 Pavna rEmgmin:nsMercç

Pavna rEmgsMerc dl´RBHeyaKIenaH edayGMNacénfbna cab´

EmnCaGarmμN¾ rbs´citþEtmYyeT Etza kalPikú¡

TaMgLay eBalza ;

CaGarmμN¾ rbs´citþEtmYyeT

Etza kalPikú¡min

nimitþ xül´degØImecj nig xül´degØImcUl min dwgnUvZm(TaMgLaybI Pavna rEmg:nsMerc

‘1’

.

‘nimitþR:kdehIyedayeZVIy¨agNa’ ‘171’ RBHTIXPaNacarüTaMgLay eBalehIy y¨agenH za ; k*kalnimitþ R:kdehIy y¨agdUecñH Pikú¡enaH Kb|IeTAkan´ sMNak´énGacarü ehIyR:b´za ²bBiRtelakd*cMerIn GarmμN¾man sPaBEbbenH rEmgR:kd dl´x\úM³ . cMENkGacarü Kb|IR:b´za ²nu@HKWCanimitþ³ ßza ²nu@HminEmnCanimitþ³ dUecñHeT Pikú¡enaHRtUvGacarü R:b´za ²mñalGavuesa ehtuenaH many¨agenHÉg³ ehIyeBalza ²GñkcUreZVITukkñúgcitþ y¨agenHer]y> cuH³ . eRBaHza kalGacarü eBalza ²Canimitþ³ dUecñH Pikú¡enaH rEmgdl´nUvTIbJ©b´ . kal Gacarü eBalza ²minEmnCanimitþeT³ dUecñH Pikú¡enaH k*Gs´esckþI sg¹wm Kb|IesaHGeg<Iy eRBaHehtuenaH Pikú¡enaH KWGacarüminRtUv R:b´TaMgBIry¨ageLIy RKan´EtRbkbkñúgmnsikarbu¨eNÑaH . cMENkRBHmCÄimPaNkacarüTaMgLay eBalza ²Pikú¡enaH KWGacarüKb|IeBalza ; mñalGavuesa enHCanimitþ Ensb|úrs Gñk 1- suÇ xuÇ bdiÇ

PaKTI 70 TMB&rTI 104 .

lMdab´enaH RBHeyaKIenH Kb|ItMkl´citþ kñúgnimitþhñwgÉg .

edImGMBIbdiPaKnimitþenHeTA y¨agenHÉg . smdUcRBHburaNacarü

GñkmanR:C\a kalbJÄb´nUvcitþ kñúgnimitþ eZVIo Cak´c|as´ nUvGakar;epSg> eQμaHza cgeRk[kTuk nUvcitþ rbs´xøÜn kñúgxül´GsSasbsSas; .

cab´edImGMBIkarR:kdénnimitþy¨agenH nIvrNZm(TaMgLay CaZmμCat

KWPikú¡enaH

RKbsg,t´ehIyEmnBit

kielsTaMgLay

sáb´esá{mehIy stiCaZmμCatR:kdBit citþk*tMkl´enAmaM eday óbcarsmaZiBitEmn . lMdab´enaH

nimitþenaH

RBHeyaKIenH

minKb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþ

edayBN( minKb|IBicarNa edaylk¡N;eT .

k*bu¨EnþRBHeyaKI

Kb|Iev[r nUvGsb|ayTaMg 7 manGavasCaedIm ehIyesBnUv sb|ayTaMg 7 enaHÉg Kb|IrkSao:nlÁ dUcCaRBHxtþiymehsI EzrkSanUvKP(énesþccRkBtííþ nig dUcCaGñkERsEzrkSakMepIménRsUv salI nig RsUvdMeNIb dUecñaHÉg . bnÞab´mk luHRBHeyaKI rkSanUvnimitþenaH y¨agenHehIy Kb|IeZVIodl´ nUvesckþIcMerInTUlM TUlay edayGMNacénkiriyaeZVITukkñúgcitþ Caer]y> ehIyjúaMg Gb|naekaslø 10 y¨ag odl´RBm ehIyRbkbesckþIBüayam


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GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

o:nRbéB . kalRBHeyaKIenaHBüayamy¨agenH ctuk,CÄan nig

énnamnigrUbenaH . k*RBHeyaKI kalEsVgrk eXIjnamnigrUbenaH

bJ©kCÄan rEmgekIteLIg kñúgnimitþenaH tamlMdab´énBaküEdl

ehIyR:rBÆ nUvkiriyaRbRBwtiþeTA énnamnigrUb kñúgkalTaMgLaybI

eyIgeBalehIy kñúgbfvIksiNhñwgÉg .

ehIy qøgnUvesckIþsgS&y CaGñkmanesckþIsgS&yqøgputehIy

‘viZIcMerInvibsSna t’

elIkeLIg‘nUvnamrUb’ kan´éRtlk¡N¾ edayGMNacénkarBicarNa

‘kMNt´namrUb’

nUvklab‘:c´’ ehIylHbg´ nUvvibsSnUbki,elsTaMg 10 man

k*Pikú¡ Gñkmanctuk,CÄan nig bJ©kCÄan ekItehIy

OPasCaedIm EdlekIteLIg kñúgbuBVPaK énóTyBVyanubsSna

y¨agenH CaGñkR:zñaedIm|IcMerInkmμdðan edayGMNacénsløk¡Na

‘kiriyaBicarNaeXIjnUvkarekIt nig karrlt´’ ehIykMNt´ nUv

nig vivdþna ehIydl´nUvesckþIbrisuTÆi kñúgGana:nsStiPavnaenH

bdibTajaN EdlputehIy cakóbki,elsTaMgLay za CamK<

rEmgeZVIQanenaHÉg

ehIy

‘172’

odl´nUvPaBsÞat´

edayGakar;TaMgLay

lHbg´nUvkarekIteLIg

seRmcdl´Pg<anubsSna

‘kiriya

5 y¨agsÞat´CMnaj kMNt´nUvnamrUbehIy taMgepþImnUvvibsSna .

BicarNaeXIjnUvkarEbkZøay’ ehIyk*en]yNay ZujRTan´ kñúg

sYrza ; etItaMgepþImdUcemþc . eqøIyza; d|itza RBHeyaKavcrPikú¡

sg¡arTaMgBYg EdlR:kdeLIgedayPaBKYrP&yxøac edayGMNac

enaH ecjcakBIsmabtþiehIy rEmgeXIjza krCkay nig citþ

énPg<anubsSna minmancenøaH rYcRsLH dl´nUvGriymK< 4 tam

CaEdnekIteLIg énxül´GsSasbsSas;TaMgLay . dUcCakal

lMdab´y¨agNa taMgenAs)b´ kñúgGrhtþpl dl´ehIynUvTIbMput

sñb´énCagmas

énbc©evk¡NJ¦aN 19 RbePT CaGK<Tki¡eNyü énelak RBm

KWbuK<lsb´

xül´EdlGaRs&ynUvsñb´pg

nUv

esckþIBüayam d*smKYrdl´sñb´enaH énburspg rEmgsJ©reTA y¨agNamij xül´GsSasbsSas;TaMgLay GaRs&ynUvkay nig citþ k*y¨agenaHEdr .

tGMBIenaHmk RBHeyaKI kMNt´nUvxül´

TaMgeTvelak . k*karcMerInGana:nsStismaZi karrab´CaxagedIm

énRBHeyaKIenaH

manbdibsSnaCaTIbMput

EdleZVI

CaZmμCatcb´eRsc

GsSasbsSas;TaMgLay nUvkaypg za CarUb nUvcitþpg nUv

ehIy edayehtumanRbmaNbu¨eNÑHÉg . enHCakarBN(na nUv

Zm(Edlsm|yutþ edaycitþenaHpg za CaGrUb .

ctuk,; TI1

seg¡b

kñúgkarkMNt´namrUbn@uH

.

enHCaesckþI

cMENkÉkarkMNt´namnigrUb

nwgmanR:kd xagmux edayesckþIBisþar . RBHeyaKIluHkMNt´namnigrUby¨agenHehIy EsVgrkbc©&y

edayGakar;TaMgBYg .

‘173’ cMENkkñúgctuk,;TaMgbIeRkAenH eQμaHzan&y énkar cMerInkmμdðanepSgminman eRBaHehtuNa eRBaHehtuenaH Kb|IRCab esckþIénctuk,;TaMgenaHÉg

tamn&yénkarBN(naGnubThñwgÉg .


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‘karBN(nactuk,;TI2’

132

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

rbs´GñkkMNt´dwg

nUvkayTaMgBYgÇÇÇ

edayGMNacénPaBCaGñk

bTza ²bItib|disMevTI³ esckþIza Pikú¡sikSaza GatμaGj

rmáab´nUvkaysg¡ar dkdegØImecj nig dkdegØImcUl stik*tm,l´

kaleZVInUvbItioCabItiKWxøÜndwgc|as´ehIy KWeZVIoR:kd dkdegØIm

maM bItienaH eQμaHza Pikú¡ dwgc|as´ehIy edaystienaH eday

ecj dkdegØImcUl . Rtg´bTza ²bItib|disMevTI³ enaHmanesckþI

jaNenaH

za bIti CaZmμCatKWPikú¡dwgc|as´ehIy edayGakar;TaMgLay 2

ehIy

KWedayGarmμN¾ 1 edayGsemμah; 1 .

GZidðannUvcitþÇÇÇkaleC]s)b´edaysTÆaÇÇÇkalp<gesckþIBüayamÇÇÇ

sYrza bIti CaZmμCat

kalPikú¡rMBwg bItienaH eQμaHza KWPikú¡enaH dwgc|as´

kalPikú¡enaHdwgÇÇÇ

kaleXIjÇÇÇ

kalRbugTuknUvstiÇÇÇ

Qan 2 EdlmanbIti eRBaHkiriya:nnUvQan bIti CaZmμCat

bJ¦aÇÇÇ kalRtas´dwg nUvZm(EdlKYrRtas´dwgÇÇÇ kalkMNt´dwgnUv

KWPikú¡enaHdwgc|as´ehIy edayGarmμN¾ eRBaHPav;énGarmμN¾ Ca

Zm(EdlKYrkMNt´dwgÇÇÇ kallHnUvZm(EdlKYrlHÇÇÇ kalcMerInnUv

ZmμCat KWPikú¡enaH dwgc|as´ehIy kñúgxN;EdlcUlsmabtþi .

Zm(EdlKYrcMerInÇÇÇ

sYrza bIti CaZmμCat KWPikú¡enaHdwgc|as´ehIy edayGsemμah;

c|as´ç

etIdUcemþc . eqøIyza Pikú¡cUlQan 2 EdlmanbIti ecjehIy

eQμaHza KWPikú¡enaH dwgc|as´ehIy y¨agdUecñHÉg ‘1’ .

kaleZVIoCak´c|as´ eQμaHza

Pikú¡enaH

kaldwgc|as´

kal

KWPikú¡dwgc|as´ehIy edayGarmμN¾ etIdUcemþc . eqøIyza Pikú¡cUl

bItienaH

kaltm,l´nUvcitþÇÇÇ

kalBicarNaÇÇÇ

eday

nUvZm(EdlKYreZVIoCak´

dwgc|as´ehIyç

bItienaH

edayesckþIGs´eTA

sUm|IIbTd*essTaMgLay k*bNÐitKb|IRCab edayesckþI

edayesckþIsUnüeTA bIti CabIti KWPikú¡enaH dwgc|as´ehIy eday

tamn&yenHÉg . EtenHRKan´EtCaesckþIEbøkKñaRtg´bTenH . PaB

Gsemμah; eRBaHkiriyacak´ZøúHnUvlk¡N; kñúgxN;énvibsSna .

énRBHeyaKICaGñkdwgc|as´nUvsux bNÐitKb|IRCab edayGMNac

smdUcCaRBHsarIbuRteBalehIy kñúgbdismÖiTamK< za ; kalPikú¡

énQanTaMgLay 3 PaBénRBHeyaKICaGñkdwgc|as´ nUvcitþsg¡ar

dwgc|as´nUvPaBéncitþmanGarmμN¾EtmYy Edlminraymay eday

bNÐitKb|IRCab edayGMNacQanTaMgLay 4 .

GMNacéndegØImecjEvg sti k*tm,l´maM bItienaH eQμaHza Pikú¡

2

dwgc|as´ehIy

sMevTI enH

BicarNanUvbIti

Edlsm|yutþedayQan

edaystienaH

edayjaNenaH

c|as´nUvPaBéncitþmanGarmμN¾EtmYy

kalPikú¡dwg

Edlminraymay

eday

GM N acéndegØ I m cU l EvgÇÇÇedayGM N acéndegØ I m ecjxø I Ç ÇÇeday GMNacéndegØImcUlxøIÇÇÇ edayGMNacéndegØImecj nig degØImcUl

manevTnaCaedIm eQμaHza citþsg¡ar .

xnÆTaMgLay

k*kñúgbTza suxb|di-

RBHsarIbuRteBalehIy kñúgbdismÖiTaza ; Baküza

²sux³ :ndl´ sux 2 y¨ag KWkayiksux 1 ectsiksux 1 edIm|IsMEdgnUvvibsSnaPUmi . 1-

suÇ xuÇ bdiÇ PaKTI 70 TMB&rTI 151 .


visuTÆimK< ERb

133

bTza ²bsSmÖyM citþsg¡arM³ esckþIza kalrmáab´ KWkal

134

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

sm|yutþZm(

kñúgxN;EdlcUlsmabtþi .

sYrza ;

esckþI

rMlt´nUvcitþsg¡ar EdleRKatRKat > .

bNÐitKb|IRCabesckþI

eRtkGrd*éRkElg edayGMNacénvibsSna etIdUcemþc . eqøIyza

rlt´nUvcitþsg¡aenaH

tamn&yEdlelak:n

Pikú¡ cUlQan 2 EdlmanbIti ecjehIy BicarNabIti Edl

edayesckþIBisþar

eBalehIy kñúgkaysg¡arhñwgÉg . mYyeT[t bNþabTTaMgenaH

sm|yutþedayQan

kñúgbTza

Pikú¡enaH eZVIbItiEdlsm|yutþehIyedayQanoCaGarmμN¾ júaMg

bIti

elakeBalevTna

edayRbZanKWbIti

Rtg´bTza

sux elakeBalevTna edayrUbrbs´xøÜnhñwgÉg kñúgbTza citþsg¡arTaMg 2 elakeBalevTna EdlRbkbRBmehIy edaysJ¦a eRBaH:LIza ²sJ¦a nig evTna CatYectsik Zm(TaMgnu@HCab´cMeBaH

edayesckþIGs´eTA

edayesckþIsUnüeTA

citþorIkray orIkrayTUeTA kñúgxN;énvibsSna y¨agenHÉg . RBHeyaKIGñkRbtibtþiy¨agenH elakehAza sikSaza Gatμa Gj nwgjúaMgcitþorIkrayéRkElg dkdegØImecj dkdegØImcUl. bTBIrza ²smaTyM citþM³ esckþIza RBHeyaKI kaltMkl´

edaycitþ eQμaHza citþsg¡ar³ dUecñHÉg . bNÐitKb|IRCabza ctuk,;enH RBHd*manRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ ehIy tamn&yénevTnanubsSna y¨agenHÉg .

nUvcitþoesμI

KW taMgcitþoesμI kñúgGarmμN¾ edayGMNacénQan

manbfmCÄanCaedIm

‘ctuk,;TI3’

ßBMuenaHesat

cUlQanTaMgenaHehIy

k*

ecj ehIyBicarNanUvcitþEdlsm|yutþehIyedayQan eday

‘174’ sUm|Ikñúgctuk,; TI3 bNÐit Kb|IRCabPaB énRBH

esckþIGs´eTA

edayesckþIsUnüeTA

PaBéncitþRbRBwtþeTA

kñúg

eyaKICaGñkdwgc|as´nUvcitþ edayGMNacénQanTaMgLay 4 .

xN;CacitþmanGarmμN¾EtmYy rEmgekIteLIg edaykarcak´ZøúHnUv

BIrbTza ²GPib|emaTyM citþM³ esckþIza Pikú¡sikSaza

GatμaGj

lk¡N; kñúgxN;énvibsSna Pikú¡tMkl´citþoesμI KWtaMgcitþoesμI

kaljúaMgcitþorIkray orIkrayTUeTA oRss´Rsay oRss´

kñúgGarmμN¾ edayGMNacénxNikcietþkK<ta EdlekIteLIgehIy

RsayTUeTAnwgdkdegØImecj nwgdkdegØImcUl . Rtg´bTza ²GPi-

y¨agenH elakehAza sikSaza GatμaGj nwgtMkl´citþ onwg

b|emaTyM citþM³ enaH esckþIeRtkGrd*éRkElg Etgman eday

dkdegØImecj dkdegØImcUl .

Gakar; 2 y¨ag KW edayGMNacénsmaZi 1 edayGMNac én vibsSna

1 .

sYrza

esckþIeRtkGrd*éRkElg

edayGMNac

bTBIrza ²viemacyM citþM³ esckþIza RBHeyaKI kaljúaMg citþorYc

orYcRsLH

caknIvrN;TaMgLay

edaybfmCÄan

énsmaZi etIy¨agdUcemþc . eqøIyza Pikú¡cUlQan 2 Edlman

kaljúaMgcitþorYc orYcRsLH cakvitk,; nig vicar;TaMgLay

bIti Pikú¡enaH júaMgcitþorIkray orIkrayTYeTA edaybIti EdlCa

edayTutiyCÄan

kaljúaMgcitþorYc orYcRsLH cakbIti

eday


visuTÆimK< ERb

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136

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

ttiyCÄan kaljúaMgcitþorYc orYcRsLH caksux nig Tuk¡TaMg

eRBaHehtuGVI . eqøIyza eRBaHPav;énxnÆR:MenaH mankarekIteLIg

Lay edayctutæCÄan

müa¨geT[t RBHeyaKI cUlQanTaMgLay

Gs´sUnüeTA nig Carbs´déT . bTza ²Gnic©ta³ :ndl´PaBén

enaH ecjehIy k*BicarNanUvcitþEdlsm|yutþehIyedayQan

bJ©k¡nÆTaMgenaHÉgmankarekIteLIg Gs´sUnüeTA nig Carbs´déT

edayesckþIGs´eTA edayesckþIsUnüeTA RBHeyaKIenaH eZVIcitþ

ßza PaBénbJ©k¡nÆTaMgenaH manehIy EbreTACaminmaneTAvij .

orYc orYcRsLH caknic©sJ¦a edayGnic©anubsSna kñúgxN;

GZib|ayza

énvibsSna eZVIcitþorYc orYcRsLH caksuxsJ¦a edayTuk¡a-

eLIgehIy mintaMgenA edayGakar;enaHÉg ehIyEbkZøay eday

nubsSnaÇÇÇ cakGtþsJ¦a edayGntþanubsSnaÇÇÇ cakesckþIeRtk

karEbkZøayRKb´xN; . bTza ²Gnic©anubsSna³ KWkarBicarNa

RtGal edayniBiVTanubsSnaÇÇÇ cakraK; edayviraKanubsSnaÇÇÇ

eXIjza mineT[g kñúgxnÆTaMgLay manrUbCaedIm edayGMNac

caksmuTy; edaynieraZanubsSnaÇÇÇ cakGaTan;‘esckþIRbkan´’

énGnic©taenaH

edaybdinisSK<anubsSna

dkdegØImecj

nig

dkdegØImcUl

.

eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbelakeBalza sikSaza GatμaGj nwgeZVIcitþ orYc dkdegØImecj dkdegØImcUl . bNÐitKb|IRCabctuk,;enH za RBHd*manRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ ehIy edayGMNacéncitþanubsSna y¨agdUecñHÉg .

za ²Gnic©anubsSI³ enaH bNÐitKb|IRCab Gnic©M ‘rbs´mineT[g’ Kb|IRCabGnic©ta ‘PaBCarbs´mineT[g’ Kb|IRCabGnic©anubsSna Kb|IRCabGnic©anubsSI

bTza

EdlekIt

²Gnic©anubsSI³ :ndl´RBHeyaKIGñk

RbkbRBm edaykarBicarNaeXIjenaH . eRBaHehtuenaH Pikú¡Ca Gñky¨agdUecñHehIy kaldkdegØImecj dkdegØImcUl bNÐitKb|I RCab za eQμaHza sikSaza

GatμaGj CaGñkBicarNaeXIjza

mineT[g nwgdkdegØImecj nwgdkdegØImcUl kñúgTIenH . cMENkkñúgbTza ²viraKanubsSI³ enH viraK; ‘karR:scak

cMENkkñúgctuk,; TI4 manesckþIvinicä&yza kñúgbT

‘karBicarNaeXIjzamineT[g’

.

k*KWPaBénbJ©k¡nÆTaMgLayenaH

‘viraKanubsSI nieraZanubsSI’

‘ctuk,;TI4 ’ ‘Gnic©anubsSI’ ‘175’

Gnic©ta

‘GñkEdl

BicarNaeXIjzaCarbs´mineT[g’ Camun . kñúg 4 bT enaH bTza ²Gnic©M³ :ndl´ xnÆR:M .

sYrza

teRmk’ man 2 y¨ag KWxyviraK; 1 Gc©nþviraK; 1 . bNþaviraK; TaMg 2 enaH karEbkZøayRKb´xN; énsg¡arTaMgLay eQμaHza xNviraK; . RBHniBVan eQμaHza Gc©nþviraK; . vibsSna nig mK< EdlRbRBwtþeTA edayGMNacénviraK;TaMg 2 enaH eQμaHza viraKanubsSna . RBHeyaKICaGñkRbkbRBm edayGnubsSnaTaMg 2 enaHÉg

kaldkdegØImecj

eQμaHza sikSaza

GatμaGj

dkdegØImcUl

bNÐitKb|IRCabza

nwgCaGñkBicarNaeXIjkarR:s


visuTÆimK< ERb

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138

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

cakteRmk dkdegØImecj dkdegØImcUl . n&y sUm|IkñúgbTza

dkdegIØmcUl bNÐitKb|IRCabza sikSaza GatμaGj nwgCaGñk

²nieraZanubsSI³ k*n&ydUcKñaenHEdr .

BicarNaeXIjer]y> nUvkiriyarlas´ecal dkdegIØmecj dk degIØmcUl .

‘bdinisSK<anubsSI’ sUm|IkñúgbTza ²bdinisSK<anubsSI³ enH bdinisSK<; ‘kar

ctuk,; TI 4 enH

RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ehIy eday

rlas´ecal’ man 2 KW bric©aKb|dinisSK<; ‘bdinisSK<; KWkarlH

GMNacénvibsSnasuTÆ hñwgÉg . cMENk ctuk,;TaMg 3 mankñúg

bg´’1 bk¡nÞnb|dinisSK<;‘bdinisSK<;KWkarsÞúHeTA’1 . GnubsSna

xagmun RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´ehIyedayGMNacénsmz; nig

KWbdinisSK<; eQμaHzabdinisSK<anubsSna . Baküza bdinisSK<a-

vibsSna . ‘176’ karcMerInnUvGana:nsSti manvtæú 16 bNÐitKb|I

nubsSna enH CaeQμaH énvibsSna nig mK< TaMgLay . EmnBit vibsSna rEmglHbg´ nUvkielsTaMgLay RBmTaMgxnÆ nig GPi-

RCab edayGMNacénctuk,;TaMg 4 dUc:nBN(namkenHÉg .

sg¡arTaMgLay edayGMNacéntTg<b|han; EzmTaMg rEmgsÞúH

Gana:nsStienH

eTA kñúgRBHniBVan EdlpÞúyKñanwgkielsenaH eRBaHPav;énvibsSna

16 y¨agenH

‘EdlPikú¡:ncMerInehIy’

k*

edayGMNacénvtæú

eTIbmanpleRcIn manGanisgSeRcIn .

‘GanisgSGana:nsSti’

OneTA kñúgpøÚvenaH edaykiriyaeXIjnUveTas kñúgsg¡tZm( eRBaH

kñúgGanisgSénGana:nsStienaH

ehtudUecñaH eTIbelakehAza ‘bdinisSK<; man 2 KW’ bric©aK-

manBN(naza

bNÐit

cMENkmK< rEmglHbg´

Kb|IRCabPav;énGana:nsStienaH CaZmμCati manGanisgSeRcIn

nUvkielsTaMgLay RBmTaMgxnÆ nig GPisg¡arTaMgLay eday

sUm|IedayGMNacénZm( EdlRBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´sresIr

GMNacénsmuecäTb|han;

manPaBCaZm(d*lÁitCaedIm

b|dinisSK<; 1 bk¡nÞnb|dinisSK<; 1 .

EzmTaMg

rEmgsÞúHeTA

kñúgRBHniBVan

eRBaHRBH:LIza

²mñalPikú¡TaMgLay

edaykiriyaeZVI ‘nUvRBHniBVan’ oCaGarmμN¾ eRBaHehtudUecñaH eTIb

Gana:nsStismaZienHÉg

elakehAza ‘bdinisSK<; man 2 KW’ bric©aKb|dinisSK<; 1 bk¡-

eRcInehIy CaZm(d*lÁitpg CaZm(d*RbNItpg³ eRBaHPav;CaZ(m

nÞnb|dinisSK<; 1 .

Gackñúgkarkat´pþac´nUvvitk,;

k*vibsSnajaN nig mK<J¦aNTaMg 2 enH

EdlbuK<l:ncMerInehIy

.

EmnBit

:neZVIo

Gana:nsStismaZienH

elakehAza GnubsSna eRBaHkiriyaeXIjer]y> nUvjaN man

eRBaHCaZm(d*lÁit RbNIt CaZm(CaeRK]genAminRcbUkRcbl´ nig

kñúgxagmun> TaMgLay . RBHeyaKICaGñkRbkbRBm edaybdi-

Casux

nisSK<anubsSna TaMg 2 y¨agenaH

edayGMNacénvitk,;TaMgLay EdleZVIesckþIGnþray dl´smaZi

kaldkdegØImecj nig kal

eTIbkat´pþac´nUvkarsÞúHeTAéncitþ

xagenHpg

xagenaHpg


visuTÆimK< ERb

139

ehIyeZVIcitþomanmuxeq¬aHeTArkGarmμN¾ KWxül´dkdegIØmecj nig xül´dkdegIØmcUl Etbu¨eNÑaH .

140

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

R:kd minEmnminrlt´eTAvijeT ‘1’ ³ dUecñH .

eRBaHehtuenaH :nCaRBHman

kñúgGana:nsStienaH xül´GsSasbsSas;TaMgLay bI

RBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ehIyza ²Gana:nsSti KWPikú¡Kb|IcMerIn edIm|I

KW

cUleTAkat´pþac´nUvvitk,;³ dUecñH .

bsSas;

mYyeT[t

bNÐitKb|IRCabPaBénGana:nsStienaH

man

xül´GsSasbsSas;

mankñúgTIbMputénPB

mankñúgTIbMputénQan

kñúgTIbMputéncuti

xül´GsSas-

xül´GsSasbsSas;

edayGMNacénkiriyarlt´

.

EmnBit

man xül´

GanisgSeRcIn sUm|IedayPaBCamUlénkarbMeBjnUvviC¢a nig vimutþi

GsSasbsSas;TaMgLay rEmgRbRBwtþeTA kñúgkamPB bNþaPB

obribUr .

TaMgLay rEmgminRbRBwtþeTA kñúgrUbPB nig GrUbPBTaMgLayeT

smdUcCaRBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ehIyza ²mñal

Pikú¡TaMgLay Gana:nsSti EdlbuK<l:ncMerInehIy :neZVIo

eRBaHehtuenaH

er]y> ehIy rEmgjúaMgstib|dðan 4 oeBjbribUN(:n .

za mankñúgTIbMputénPB . xül´GsSasbsSas;TaMgLay rEmg

stib|dðan 4 EdlbuK<l:ncMerInehIy :neZVIoer]y> ehIy

RbRBwtþeTA kñúgQan 3 mankúñgTIbMput bNþaQanTaMgLay rEmg

rEmgjúaMgsem¬aCÄg<;TaMg 7 oeBjbribUN(:n . sem¬aCÄg<;

minRbRBwtþeTAkñúgQanTI4 eRBaHehtuenaH xül´GsSasbsSas;

TaMgLay 7 EdlbuK<l:ncMerInehIy :neZVIoer]y> ehIy

TaMgLayenaH

rEmgjúaMgviC¢a nig vimutþi oeBjbribUN(:n ‘1’ ³ dUecñH .

xül´GsSasbsSas;TaMgLayNa

müa¨gvijeT[t

mankñúgTIbMputénQan ekIteLIgehIy

.

cMENk

CamYynwg

citþ TI16 kñúgxagmun éncuticitþ rEmgrlt´ CamYynwgcuticitþ xül´

GanisgSd*eRcIn bNÐitKb|IRCab sUm|IeRBaHkareZVInUvPav; énxül´

GsSasbsSas;TaMgLayenH eQμaHza mankñúgTIbMputéncuti .

dkdegIØmecj nig xül´dkdegIØmcUlTaMgLay Edlman kñúgTI

xül´cuticrim;TaMgLayenH RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´bMNgehIy za

bMput CasPav;KWxøÜndwg:n . smdUcRBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´

²mankñúgTIbMput³ kñúgRBHsURtenH .

EdlbuK<l:n

:n»za kalPikú¡GñkRbkber]y> nUvkmμdðanenH BicarNa

ceRmInehIyy¨agenH :neZVIoer]y> ehIyy¨agenH xül´degIØm

nUvkarekIteLIg kñúgxN;énkarekIteLIgéncitþ TI16 kñúgxagmuxén

ecj

EdlmankñúgkalCaxag

cuticitþ eRBaHPav;énxül´degIØmecj nig xül´degIØmcUl EdlPikú¡

eRkay degIØmecj nig degIØmcUlTaMgenaHÉg nwgrlt´eTAvijCa

kMNt´CaGarmμN¾ :nlÁRbéBehIy sUm|IkiriyaekIteLIg énxül´

nig

²mñalrahul

kalebIGana:nsSti

CaZmμCati

eTIbeQμaHza

eTIbeQμaH

man

ehIyza

Pav;énGana:nsStienaH

xül´GsSasbsSas;TaMgLayenaH

degIØmcUlTaMgLayenaHNa

1- suÇ mÇ óÇ

PaKTI 26 TMB&rTI 359 .

1- suÇ mÇ mÇ PaKTI 23 TMB&rTI 244 .


visuTÆimK< ERb

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142

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

TaMgenaH rEmgR:kd kalBicarNanUvkiriyataMgenA sUm|Ikiriya

rbs´xøÜn ehIyR:b´Pikú¡sg¹ za ²etIGñkTaMgLay Zøab´eXIjPikú¡

taMgenAénxül´TaMgenaH rEmgR:kd kalBicarNanUvkarEbkZøay

EdlbriniBVan edayGakar;dUcemþcxøHEdr/ ³ . bNþaPikú¡TaMgenaH

sUm|IkarEbkZøay énxül´TaMgenaH k*rEmgR:kd .

Pikú¡TaMgLayBYkxøH :neBalza ²BYkx\úMZøab´:neXIjPikú¡TaMgLay

EmnBit Pikú¡GñkcMerInnUvkmμdðandéT eRkAGMBIGana:nsSti-

EdlGg<úyelIGasn;hñwgÉg briniBVan³ . Pikú¡BYkxøH :neBalza

kmμdðanenHehIy seRmcnUvRBHGrhtþ EtgkMNt´cenøaHkal én

²BYkx\úMZøab´:neXIjPikú¡TaMgLay EdlGg<úyEBnEPñn elIGakas

Gayu:nxøH kMNt´min:nxøH . bu¨EnþPikú¡GñkcMerInnUvGana:nsSti

briniBVan³ .

manvtæú 16 enH ehIyseRmcRBHGrhtþ EtgkMNt´cenøaHkal

Pikú¡EdlkMBugEtc®g,mhñwgÉg briniBVan dl´GñkTaMgLay³ .

énGayu:nTaMgGs´ . Pikú¡GñkcMerInGana:nsSti ehIy:nsMerc

lMdab´enaH RBHezr; eZVInUvKMnUs Rtg´TIc®g,m ehIyeBalza ²x\úM

nUvRBHGrhtþenaH dwgza ²kñúgkal«LÚvenH Gayusg¡ar rbs´Gatμa

nwgedIreTAkan´TIbMputénxagmux GMBITIbMputénTIc®g,menHehIy kal

Gj nwgRbRBwtþeTA Gs´kalmanRbmaNbu¨eNÑH nwgminRbRBwtþeTA

RtLb´mkvij RKan´Etdl´nUvKMnUsenHPøam nwgbriniBVan³ y¨agenH

kñúgxagnayGMBIkalenHeT³ dUecñHehIy eZVInUvkic©TaMgBYgTaMgLay

ehIy k*cuHkan´TIc®g,m edIreTAkan´cMENkxagnay kalRtLb´mk

mankarCMrHnUvsrIr; nig karesø{kBak´CaedIm tamZmμtarbs´xøÜn

vij k*briniBVanehIy kñúgxN;EdlelakCan´nUvKMnUs edayeCIg

hñwgÉg ehIyeZμcEPñkTaMgLay dUcCaRBHtisSetær GñkGaRs&y

m¡agPøamhñwgÉg .

enAkñúgekadibBVtvihar dUcCaRBHmhatisSetær GñkGaRs&yenAkñúg mhakrJ¢niyvihar

dUcCaRBHbiNÐ:tiktisSetær

kñúgeTvbutþrdð

nig dUcCaRBHPatiyetærTaMgBIrRBHGg< GñkGaRs&yenA kñúgcitþlbBVtvihar y¨agdUecñaHÉg . enHCakarsMEdgnUver]gmYy

kñúgcMeNamer]génRBHezr;TaMg

LayenaH . :n»za kñúgcMeNamRBHPatiyetærTaMgBIrGg< RBH ezr;mYyGg< sURtnUv:tiemak¡ kñúgézáóe:sz manRBHc&nÞeBjvg´ manPikú¡sg¹EhhmehIy nimnþeTAkan´TICaTIenA rbs´xøÜn :nfit enARtg´TIc®g,m rmilemIlnUvBnøWénRBHc&nÞ BicarNanUvGayusg¡ar

RBHezr; eBalza ²kñúgkal«LÚvenH x\úMnwgsMEdgnUv

eRBaHehtu e naHÉg

bNÐ i t Kb|I C aGñ k mi n RbmaT

Rbkber]y> nUvGana:nsSti EdlmanGanisgS eRcIn y¨agenH sBV>kal y¨agenHÉg . enHCakzamux edayBisþar kñúgGana:nsSti . v

v

v

kñúg


visuTÆimK< ERb

143

‘óbsSmanusSti’

144

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

eRK]gjaMJInUvesckþIRsvwg³ eRBaHRBH:LIza ²viraKZm(enH KWGVI/

k*RBHeyaKIGñkR:zña edIm|IcMerInnUvóbsmanusSti

viraKZm(enH KWZm(CaeRK]gjaMjInUvesckþIRsvwg .l. KWRBHniBVan³

EdlRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´sMEdgehIy bnÞab´GMBIGana:nsSti eTA

dUecñH Gsg¡tZm(enaH k*Kb|I:neQμaHza viraKZm(Edr . EmnBit

kan´TIsáat´

nUv

viraKZm(enaH elakehAza mTnimμTn; eRBaHesckþIRsvwgTaMgLay

KuNTaMgLay énRBHniBVan eBalKWkiriyacUleTArmáab´ nUvesckþI

TaMgBYg manesckþIRsvwg edayGMNacénmanH nig esckþIRsvwg

Tuk¡RKb´y¨ag y¨agdUecñHza ²mñalPikú¡TaMgLay Zm(TaMgbu¨nμan Ca

kñúgPaBCabursCaedIm GaRs&ynUvviraKZm(ehIy k*Gs´Rsvwg KW

sg¡tZm(kþI CaGsg¡tZm(kþI

ElgRsvwg KWza:t´eTA .

‘177’

LayenaH

ec[secjcakGarmμN¾smáMenA

eRBaHza

RtUvrlwker]y>

viraKZm( R:kdCaRbesIrCagZm(TaMg

viraKZm(enH

CaZm(sRmab´benÞabg´nUvesckþI

bi:sviny;

mYyeT[t viraKZm(enaH elakehAza

eRBaHesckþIeRskXøan

kñúgkamTaMgLayTaMgBYg

CaZm(GacdkeLIgnUv

eRBaHGaRs&ynUvviraKZm(enaH rEmgdl´nUvkiriyakMcat´bg´ KWza nUv

Gal&y CaZm(pþac´bg´nUvvdþ; CaZm(Gs´eTAéntNØa CaZm(R:s

kiriyaGs´:t´eTA . mYyeT[t viraKZm( elakehAza Galys-

cakteRmk CaZm(rlt´ CaZm(minmaneRK]gcak´ERsH ‘1’³ dUecñH .

muK¹at; eRBaHGal&y KWbJ©kamKuNTaMgLay rEmgdl´nUvkiriya

‘EkGtæ:LI’

dkeLIg eRBaHGaRs&ynUvviraKZm(enaH . mYyeT[t viraKZm(enaH

Rsvwg

CaZm(kMcat´bg´nUvesckþIeRskXøan

kñúg:f;TaMgLayenaH Baküza ²manRbmaNRtwmNa³ KW

elakehAza vdþúbecäT; eRBaHvdþ;EdlRbRBwtþeTAkñúgPUmi 3 rEmg

manRbmaNbu¨NÑa . Baküza ²Zm(TaMgLay³ :ndl´sPavZ(m

dac´sUnü eRBaHGaRs&ynUvviraKZm(enaH . mYyeT[t viraKZm(enaH

TaMgLay . Baküza ²Casg¡t;kþI CaGsg¡t;kþI³ KW Edlbc©&y

elakehAza tNØk¡y; viraK; nieraZ; eRBaHtNØa GaRs&ynUv

TaMgLaypSMRbCMuKñaeZVIkþI min:npSMRbCMuKñaeZVIkþI . Baküza ²viraKZ(m

viraKZm(enaH rEmgdl´nUvkarGs´eTApg R:scaktMerkpg rlt´

tzaKteBalzaCakMBUlénZm(TaMgLayenaH³

tzaKt

eTApg edayRbkarTaMgBYg . mYyeT[t viraKZm(enaH elakehAza

eBalza CakMBUl KWeBalza RbesIr ótþm énsg¡tZm( nig

niBVan; eRBaHviraKZm(enaH ecjehIy KWrlas´ecjehIy R:s

Gsg¡tZm(TaMgLayenaH . minEmnRtwmEtkiriyaminmanénesckþI

ecjehIy caktNØa Edl:neQμaHza ²van;³ eRBaHrYbrwt KWcg

teRmkbu¨eNÑaHeT

eQμaHza

viraK;

KWviraKZm(

kñúg:LIenaH

ebItamBiteTA

Gsg¡tZm(enaHNa :nnUveQμaHTaMgLay manCaGaTi¾za ²Zm(Ca 1-

suÇ GMÇ cÇ

PaKTI 42 TMB&rTI 84 .

ERsH cak´ERsH nUvkMeNIt 4 Kti 5 viJ¦aNdðiti 7 nig stþavas 9 eRBaHPaBénkiriyajúaMgstVoeTA> mk> dUecñHÉg . cUleTArmáab´ eBalKWRBHniBVan

Zm(Edl

RBHeyaKIKb|IrMlwker]y>

eday


visuTÆimK< ERb

145

146

GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs

GMNacénKuNTaMgLay manZm(CaeRK]grmáab´nUvesckþIRsvwg Ca

eTas;caMs,at´ehIy

edImenaH>

citþ rbs´RBHeyaKavcrenaH CacitþeTARtg´ :j´eq¬aHeTArkesckþI

dUcBN(namkenH

ßk*

KuNénóbsm;TaMgLaydéT

minRtUvemah;caMs,at´ehIy

Na EdlRBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ehIy kñúgRBHsURtTaMgLay

sáb´rmáab´EmnBit

manCaedImza ²mñalPikú¡TaMgLay tzaKt nwgsMEdgnUvGsg¡tZ(m

eLIg dl´RBHeyaKavcr GñkRKbsg,t´nUvnIvrNZm(:nehIy kñúg

dl´GñkTaMgLaypg tzaKt nwgsMEdgnUvsc©Zm(pg tzaKt nwg

xN;CamYyKña

edayGMNacénn&yEdl:neBalmkehIy

sMEdgnUveRtIyKWRBHniBVanpg

GnusStimun

manBuTÆanusSti

tzaKt

nwgsMEdgnUvZm(EdlstV

>

eRBaHehtuenaH

kñúgsm&yenaH

Gg<QanTaMgLay

CaedImhñwgÉg

.

rEmgekIt

kñúg

EteRBaHPav;

eXIj:nedaykRmBn´eBkpg tzaKt nwgsMEdgnUvZm(EdlKμan

énóbsmKuNTaMgLayCaKuNd*RCaleRCA ßza eRBaHPav;éncitþ

esckþIcas´RKaMRKapg

nwgsMEdgnUvZm(EdleT[gTat´pg

begÁaneTAkñúgkiriyarlwker]y> nUvKuNmanRbkarepSg>Kña Qan

tzaKt nwgsMEdgnUvZm(EdlKμandMeNIryWtyUrpg tzaKt nwg

enH eTIbCaQanmindl´nUvGb|na dl´RtwmEtóbcar;bu¨eNÑaHÉg .

sMEdgZm(Edlminsøab´pg

QanenHenaH

tzaKt

tzaKt

nwgsMEdgZm(CaTIsRmanþpg

rEmgdl´nUvkarrab´za

²óbsmanusSti³ hñwgÉg

tzaKt nwgsMEdgnUvZm(d*ekSmpg tzaKt nwgsMEdgnUvZm(Edl

eRBaHekIteLIg edayGMNacénkiriyarlwker]y>nUvóbsmKuN .

minZøab´manpg tzaKt nwgsMEdgnUvZm(minmanesckþIGnþraypg

ÉóbsmanusStienH

tzaKt nwgsMEdgnUvZm(minBüa:Tpg tzaKt nwgsMEdgnUvZm(d*

dUcCaqGnusStiEdr . kalebImanehtudUecñaH sUm|IbuzuC¢n GñkZán´

brisuTÆpg tzaKt nwgsMEdgnUvZm(CaTIBwgpg tzaKt nwgsMEdg

kñúgóbsm; k*KYreZVITukkñúgcitþ nUvóbsmanusStiEdr . eRBaHza

nUvZm(CaTIkarBarpg mñalPikú¡TaMgLay tzaKt nwgsMEdgnUvZ(m

sUm|IedayGMNacénkarsþab´ citþ k*rEmgRCHzøakúñgóbsm;:n .

CaTIBYn dl´GñkTaMgLaypg ‘1’ ³ dUecñH k*RBHeyaKI Kb|Irlwk er]y> edayGMNacénKuNTaMgLayenaHÉg dUcKña:nEdr .

‘GanisgSóbsmanusSti’ kalRBHeyaKavcrenaH

rlwker]y>

rEmgseRmc

dl´RBHGriysav&kEtbu¨eNÑaH

k*Pikú¡GñkRbkber]y> nUvóbsmanusStienH rEmgedklk´ Casux

P\ak´eLIgk*Casux

CaGñkman«®nÞIy¾sáb´rmáab´

CaGñkman

citþsáb´esá{m CaGñkRbkbRBmedayhiri nig Otþb|; CaGñknaMmk

nUvesckþIsáb´rmáab´

nUvesckþIRCHzøa

CaGñkmancitþbegÁaneTA

kñúgZm(d*RbNIt

CaGñk

edayGMNacénKuN manZm(sMrab´benÞabg´ nUvesckþIRsvwgCaedIm

KYreKarB nig CaGñkKYrsresIr énsRBhμcarITaMgLay mYyeT[t

y¨agenH

ebIminTan´:ncak´ZøúHnUvZm(d*éRkElgeT CaGñkmansuKtiRbRBwtþeTA

1-

kñúgsm&yenaH

suÇ sMÇ sÇ

citþ

minRtUvraK;caMs,at´ehIy

PaKTI 36 TMB&rTI 366-373 .

minRtUv

kñúgxagmux .


visuTÆimK< ERb

147

emtþaRBhμvihar

eRBaHehtuenaHÉg bNÐit GñkmanR:C\aCaeRK]g

BicarNa Kb|ICaGñkminRbmaT cMerInnUvsti kñúg óbsm;d*RbesIr

EdlmanGanisgSeRcIn

y¨ag

enH dUc:nBN(namkenHÉg . enHCakzamux edayBisþar kñúgóbsmanusSti . briecäT TI8 eQμaH GnusStikmμdðannieTÞs kñúgGZikarénsmaZiPavna kñúgbkrN¾viess eQμaHvisuTÆimK< Edlx\úMeZVIehIy edIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´kiriyarIkrayénsaZuCn dUcBN(namkenHÉg . v

v

v

RBhμviharnieTÞs

148

muTita

‘178’

k*kñúgRBhμviharTaMgLay 4 enH KW emtþa kruNa

óebk¡a

EdlRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´sMEdgehIy

énGnusStikmμdðan

RBHeyaKavcr

EdlCaGaTikmμik;

kñúglMdab´ GñkR:zña

edIm|IcMerInnUvemtþa Kb|IcUleTApþac´bg´nUvblieBaZ er[nnUvkmμdðan eZVIPtþkic©ehIy benÞabg´nUvesckþIRsvwgkñúgP&tþ Gg<úyo:nRsYl elIGasn;EdlbuK<lRkallÁehIy kñúgRbeTsd*sáat´ BicarNa nUveTas kúñgeTas; nig GanisgS kñúgesckþIGt´Zn´ Camun . sYrza eRBaHehtuGVI / .

eqøIyza eRBaHRBHeyaKIKb|IlH

bg´eTas;:n nig Kb|I:nxnþI edayPavnaenH . ÉRBHeyaKI min GacedIm|IlHbg´ nUveTasEdlxøÜnmin:neXIjehIyNamYy ßk* edIm|I:nnUvGanisgS EdlxøÜnmindwgc|as´ehIyNamYy:neT . eRBaHehtuenaH RBHeyaKIKb|IeXIjeTas kñúgeTas; edayGMNac énRBHsURtTaMgLaymanCaGaTi¾za ²mñalGavuesa buK<lRtUveTas; RbTUsþehIy

RtUveTas;RKbsg,t´ehIy

CaGñkmancitþRkhl´

RkhayehIyedayeTas; rEmgsmøab´stVmanCIvit:n³ dUecñH . RBHeyaKavcr Kb|IRCabGanisgS kñúgxnþI edayGMNacén RBH:LITaMgLay manCaedIm za ;

²xnþIKWesckþIGt´Zn´ Catb; d*éRkElg RBHBuTÆTaMg Lay RTg´Rtas´nUvRBHniBVanza CaZmμCatd*ótþm tzaKt ehAnUvbuK<lGñkmanxnþICakMLaMg

Gñkman


visuTÆimK< ERb

149

kMLaMg KWxnþI CakgB&T za CaRBahμN¾ RbeyaCn¾ d*éRkElgCagxnþI minmaneLIy³ .

bnÞab´mk RBHeyaKavcr Kb|IR:rBÆkarcMerInemtþa edIm|ICa RbeyaCn¾dl´kareZVIcitþ o:nsáat´cakeTas; EdlmaneTas KW xøÜneXIjehIy nig edIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´karcgnUvcitþ kñúgxnþIEdl manGanisgS KWxøÜn:ndwgc|as´ehIy y¨agenHÉg .

‘buK<lEdlCaeTasdl´Pavna’ k*ÉRBHeyaKI kalcab´epþIm Kb|IdwgbuK<lCaeTas GMBIxag edImsin za ²RBHeyaKI minRtUvcMerInemtþa Camun kñúgbuK<lTaMg LayenHeT minRtUvcMerInemtþa kñúgbuK<lTaMgLayenHEmnBit³ . BitEmnehIy emtþaenH RBHeyaKIminRtUvcMerIn CadMbUg kñúgbuK<l TaMgLay 4 enH KW buK<lEdlminCaTIRsLaj´ 1 buK<lEdlCa sMLaj´EdlRsLaj´éRkeBk 1 buK<lCakNþal 1 buK<lEdl maneB[r 1

minRtUvcMerInemtþa edaycMeBaHbuK<lEdlmanePTCa

sRtUvnwgKña minRtUvcMerInesaHkñúgbuK<lEdleZVIkalkiriyaehIy . sYrza eRBaHehtuGVI :nCaRBHeyaKIminRtUvcMerInemtþa Ca dMbUg kñúgbuK<lTaMgLay manbuK<lEdlminCaTIRsLaj´CaedIm . eqøIyza eRBaHza RBHeyaKI kaltMkl´nUvbuK<lEdlminCa TIRsLaj´ kñúgkEnøgCaTIRsLaj´rEmglM:k kaltMkl´sMLaj´ EdlCaTIRsLaj´éRkeBk kñúgkEnøgénbuK<lEdlCakNþal rEmg lM:k

k*kalebIesckþITuk¡ sUm|ImanRbmaNtic ekIteLIgehIy

150

RBhμviharnieTÞs

dl´RBHeyaKIenaH

k*CaGñkdl´ehIynUvGakar;KWkarERskyMk*:n

kaltMkl´nUvbuK<lCakNþal> kñúgkEnøgénbuK<lCaRKU nig kñúg kEnøgénbuK<lEdlRsLaj´

rEmglM:k

kalRBHeyaKI

rMlwk

dl´buK<lEdlmaneB[r esckþIeRkaZ k*rEmgekIteLIg eRBaHehtu enaH RBHeyaKIminRtUvcMerInemtþa CadMbUg kñúgbuK<lTaMgLay man buK<lEdlminCaTIRsLaj´CaedImeLIy . cMENkÉ

kñúgbuK<lGñkmanePTCasRtUvnwgKña

kalRBH

eyaKI cMerInedaycMeBaH R:rBÆnUvbuK<lGñkmanePTCasRtUvnwgKña enaHÉg raK; rEmgekIteLIg . :n»za buRtrbs´Gamatümñak´ sYrRBHezr; EdlCaCItunza ²bBiRtRBHKuNm©as´d*cMerIn etIbuK<l KYrcMerInemtþa kñúgbuK<lEbbNa/³ . RBHezr; eqøIyza ²kñúgbuK<l EdlCaTIRsLaj´³ .

k*Priyarbs´xøÜn CaTIRsLaj´ énGamatü

enaH . GamatüenaH k*cMerInemtþacMeBaHPriyaenaH eZVIkarRbyuTÆCa mYynwgCJ¢aMg rhUtraRtITaMgBYg . eRBaHehtuenaH RBHeyaKI min RtUvcMerInemtþa kñúgbuK<lEdlmanePTCasRtUvnwgKñaeT . cMENkkñúgbuK<lEdleZVIkalkiriyaehIy cMerIn ‘emtþa’ k*rEmgmindl´nUvGb|na

kalRBHeyaKI

mindl´nUvóbcar;eLIy .

:n»mkza Pikú¡kMeLaHmYyrUb R:rBÆnUvGacarü eTIbepþImnUvemtþa . emtþa rbs´Pikú¡enaH RbRBwtþeTAmin:neLIy . Pikú¡enaH eTAkan´ sMNak´RBHmhaezr;ehIysYrza ²bBiRtRBHKuNm©as´d*cMerIn kar cUlemtþaQan

rbs´x\úMm©as´

CaZmμCatsÞat´BitEmn

bu¨Enþx\úMm©as´

minGacedIm|IcUlemtþaQansmabtþienaH:neT etIeRBaHehtuGVI³ .


visuTÆimK< ERb

151

152

RBhμviharnieTÞs

RBHezr; eqøIyza ²mñalGavuesa cUrelakEsVgrknUvnimitþ³ . Pikú¡

GtþPaB

enaH kalEsVgrk ‘nUvnimitþ’ dwgzaGacarüeZVIkalkiriyaehIy k*

rkSaxøÜncuH ‘1’ ³ dUecñHCaedImkþI BaküNa EdlRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´

cMerInemtþa R:rBÆGñkdéT ehIyk*:nsMercsmabtþi . eRBaHehtu

Rtas´ehIy kñúgemtþsURt za ²sUmstVTaMgGs´ manesckþIsux

enaH

ß manesckþIekSm sUmmanxøÜndl´nUvesckþIsux ‘2’ ³ dUecñHCa

RBHeyaKI minRtUvcMerInemtþa kñúgbuK<leZVIkalkiriyaeLIy .

‘cMerInemtþa kñúgxøÜnÉgCamun’

kMuomaneB[r

kMuomanBüa:T

kuMbImanTuk¡

manEtsux

edImkþIç BakükñúgKm¬IrviPg<CaedImenaH rEmgxus eRBaHkñúgBaküenaH

Etza munCagCnTaMgGs´ RBHeyaKI Kb|IcMerInemtþa kñúgxøÜn

RBHmanRBHPaK minRTg´Rtas´nUvkarcMerIn ‘emtþa’ kñúgxøÜn³ dUecñH .

Ég Caer]y> y¨agenH za ²sUmoGatμaGj CaGñkdl´ehIynUv

Kb|IeqøIyza ; BakükñúgKm¬IrviPg<CaedImenaH minxusGVIeT .

esckþIsux kMubImanTuk¡eLIy³ ßza ²GatμaGj cUrCaGñkminman

eRBaHehtuGVI /

eB[r minmanBüa:T minmanesckþITuk¡ manesckþIsux rkSanUvxøÜn³

edayGMNacénGb|na BaküpSayemtþa kñúgxøÜnmanCaGaTi¾za ²sUm

dUecñHk*:n .

oGatμaGj:nesckþIsux³ dUecñHenH KWx\úM:neBalehIy eday

ebImanBaküsYrza ; kalebImanehtuy¨agenH BaküÉNa EdlRBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ehIy kñúgviPg< za

²mñalPikú¡TaMg

eRBaHBaküenaH RBHd*manRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ehIy

GMNacPav;énxøÜnCabnÞal´ .

EmnBitRbsinebIRBHeyaKI cMerInnUv

emtþa kúñgxøÜn tamn&yza ²sUmoGatμaGj CaGñkmanesckþIsux³

Lay cuHPikú¡mancitþRbkbedayemtþa pSayeTAkan´Tis 1 etIdUc

dUecñHCaedImkþI Gs´kal 100 qñaM ß 1ç000 qñaM

emþc . buK<leXIjbuK<lmñak´ EdlCaTIRsLaj´ CaTIeBjcitþ

ekIteLIg dl´RBHeyaKIenaH:neT . bu¨EnþkalRBHeyaKIenaHcMerIn

Kb|IpSayemtþa y¨agNamij Pikú¡ rEmgpSayemtþacitþ cMeBaHBYk

‘emtþa kñúgxøÜn’ za ²sUmoGatμaGj manesckþIsux³ dUecñHCaedIm

stVTaMgBYg k*y¨agenaHÉg‘1’ ³ dUecñHkþI BaküNaEdlRBHsarIbuRt

PaBénxøÜnCaGñkR:zñanUvesckþIsux kñúgBYkstVdéT rEmgekIteLIg

eBalehIy kñúgbdismÖiTaza ²emtþaecetavimutþi pSayedayminman

eRBaHeZVIxøÜn oCabnÞal´za GatμaGj cg´:nnUvesckþIsux sÁb´

cMENk edayGakar 5 etIdUcemþc /

KW pSayedayemtþacitþza

ex¬ImesckþITuk¡ cg´manCIvitrs´enA nig mincg´:nnUvesckþIsøab´eT

sUmstVTaMgGs´ kMuomaneB[r kMuomanBüa:T kuMbImanTuk¡ man

y¨agNa ÉBBYkstVdéT k*cg´:nesckþIsux sÁb´ex¬ImesckþITuk¡

Etsux rkSaxøÜncuHç sUmstVmanCIvitTaMgGs´ÇÇÇ sUmstVekItehIy

cg´manCIvitrs´enA nig mincg´:nesckþIsøab´ k*y¨agdUecñaHEdr .

TaMgGs´ÇÇÇ sUmbuK<lTaMgGs´ÇÇÇ sUmstVTaMgGs´ Edlrab´zaman 1-

GPiÇ

viÇ

PaKTI 81 TMB&rTI 313 .

mYyeT[t 1–

Gb|na k*min

RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ za ;

suÇ bdiÇ PaKTI 71 TMB&rTI 97 . 2– suÇ xuÇ xuTÞk:fÇ .


visuTÆimK< ERb

153

RBhμviharnieTÞs

rYmEdncUlKña’ kñúglMdab´GMBIbuK<l manGacarüCaedImenaHmk Kb|I

buK<l mancitþrMBwgKit sBVTis rEmgrkmineXIj nUv bu K<lCaTIRsLaj´ CagxøÜ n

154 cMerInemtþa

kñú gTIN amY y eT

cMeBaHbuK<lCasMLaj´EdlCaTIRsLaj´éRkeBk

xøÜneTIbCaTIRsLaj´eRcInCagbuK<ldéT y¨agenaH

buK<lCasMLaj´

Kb|Ieb[teb[nbuK<ldéTeLIy

RBHeyaKavcrcMerIn Kb|IeZVInUvcitþTn´oKYrdl´Pavnakmμ kñúgcMENk

‘1’ dUecñH

mYy> ehIyKb|IRbmUlmk kñúgbuK<lCalMdab´KñaenaH > .

RTg´sMEdgehIynUvn&yenHÉg . eRBaHehtuenaH RBHeyaKavcr Kb|IpSayemtþacMeBaHxøÜn Ca dMbUg edIm|IPaBCabnÞal´ kñúglMdab´enaH edIm|IjúaMgemtþaPavna o buK<lNaEdlCaTIRsLaj´

CaTIKab´citþ

CaTIeKarB nig CaTIsresIr CaGacarü ß ßza RbEhlGacarü CaóbCÄay¾ ß ßza RbEhlóbCÄay¾ énRBHeyaKIenaH Kb|IrB\k nUvehtuKWPaBénxøÜnCaTIRsLaj´ mankaro nig kareBalnUvBakü CaTIRsLaj´CaedIm nig nUvehtuKWPaBénxøÜnCaTIeKarB nig CaTI sresIr mansIl nig sut;CaedIm énbuK<lCaTIRsLaj´ man GacarüCaedImenaH ehIycMerInemtþa tamn&yCaedImza ²sb|úrsnu@H cUrCaGñkdl´ehIynUvesckþIsux cUrCaGñkminmanTuk¡³ . k* ‘kal cMerIneTA’ cMeBaHbuK<lEbbenH Gb|na rEmgseRmc edayBit .

‘cMerInemtþa rYmextþEdn’ ebIRBHeyaKavcrPikú¡enH ehtumanRbmaNbu¨eNÑHeT

mindl´nUvesckþIeRtkGr

ehIycg´ edIm|IeZVInUvsImsemÖT

1- suÇ sMÇ sKÇ PaKTI 29 TMB&rTI 207 .

cMeBaHbuK<lCa

kNþal GMBIbuK<lCakNþal cMeBaHbuK<lGñkmaneB[r . k*kal

Ég eRBaHehtuenaH buK<lEdlRsLaj´xøÜn min

RbRBwtþeTAedayRsYl

EdlCaTIRsLaj´éRkeBk

GMBI

eday ‘kar

cMENkRBHeyaKavcrPikú¡Na

minmanbuK<lGñkmaneB[rkþI

sUm|IkalebIbuK<ldéTeZVInUvesckþIvinaso esckþIsMKal´za Ca GñkmaneB[rhñwgÉg

k*minekIteLIg

edayCatiCamhaburskþI

eRBaHPaBénxøÜnCaGñkRbkb

RBHeyaKavcrPikú¡enaH

minKb|IeZVIsUm|I

nUvesckþIxVl´xVay za ²emtþacitþ rbs´Gj kñúgbuK<lCakNþal CacitþKYrdl´Pavnakmμ «LÚvenH GatμaGj RbmUlmk nUvemtþacitþ enaH cMeBaHbuK<lGñkmaneB[r³ dUecñHeLIy . cMENkxagbuK<lGñk maneB[r mandl´RBHeyaKINa Baküza ²RBHeyaKIKb|IcMerInemtþa cMeBaHbuK<lGñkmaneB[r

GMBIbuK<lCakNþal³

RBHd*manRBHPaK

RTg´Rtas´sMedAykRBHeyaKIenaH .

‘TUnμanxøÜneBlekItbdiX;’

‘n&yTI1 rlwkdl´eTasénesckþIeRkaZ’ k*RbsinebIkalRBHeyaKIenaH RbmUlcitþmk cMeBaHbuK<l GñkmaneB[r bdiX; ‘esckþIzñaMgzñak´citþ’ rEmgekIteLIg eRBaHkar rlwker]y>

nUvkMhusEdlbuK<lGñkmaneB[renaHeZVIehIy

ebImanRbkardUecñaH

RBHeyaKIenaH

kalCYbnUvemtþa

kal

cMeBaHbuK<l


visuTÆimK< ERb

155

156

RBhμviharnieTÞs

NamYy kñúgcMeNambuK<lmankñúgkalmunTaMgLayer]y> ecj

‘179’ ²mñalPikú¡TaMgLay Zm( 7 y¨agenH CaTIeRtkGr

ehIypSayemtþa cMeBaHbuK<lenaHer]y> Kb|IbenÞabg´nUvbdiX; .

énsRtUv CaehtuénsRtUv rEmgmkkan´®sþIPaB ß burisPaBEdl

RbsinebI kalRBHeyaKI Büayam sUm|Iy¨agenH bdiX;

manesckþIeRkaZ . Zm( 7 y¨agenH etIdUcemþc . mñalPikú¡TaMg

enAEtminrlt´ ebImanRbkardUecñH RBHeyaKI Kb|IBüayam edIm|I

Lay sRtUvkñúgelakenH rEmgR:zñanUvehtu y¨agenH dl´sRtUv

lHbg´nUvbdiX; edaykarrlwker]y> nUvRBHOvaTTaMgLay man

za Ohñ@ sUmobuK<lenH manvNÑ;GaRkk´ . er]genaHeRBaHehtuGVI

RBHOvaTEdleRb[beZ[bedayrNarCaedImcuH .

mñalPikú¡TaMgLay sRtUv rEmgmineRtkGr dl´sRtUv eRBaHvNÑ;

k*RBHeyaKIenaHkalTUnμannUvxøÜnenaH Kb|ITUnμanedayGakar

eT

mñalPikú¡TaMgLay bursbuK<lenH ‘kalebI’ manesckþIeRkaZ

enHer]y> za mñalbursGñkeRkaZcéRg ERkgRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´

manesckþIeRkaZRKbsg,t´ehIy

Rtas´ehIy za ;

bursbuK<lenaH TukCalabRsLablÁ :nekarsk´ nwg Bukmat´

²mñalPikú¡TaMgLay

ebIBYkecar EdlRbRBwtþ

manesckþIeRkaZ

rYbrwtehIy

GaRkk´ naMKñaGarGvyv;tUcZM rbs´GñkTaMgLay edayrNarEdl

ehIyesø{ksMBt´manBN(-s

mandgTaMgsgxag Pikú¡NamYy júaMgcitþoRbTUsþ cMeBaHecarTaMg

enaH eQμaHza manvNÑ;GaRkk´ CaGñkmanesckþIeRkaZRKbsg,t´

Gm|alenaH

Pikú¡enaH

mineQμaHza

CaGñkeZVItamsasna

rbs´

tzaKt edaykarminGt´sg,t´enaHeLIy ‘1’ ³ dUecñH nig za ; ²GñkNa

eRkaZtb

nwgbuK<lEdleRkaZehIy

k*BitEmnehIy

bu¨EnþbursbuK<l

ehIy . mñalPikú¡TaMgLay enHehAza Zm(TI1 CaTIeRtkGr én sRtUv CaehtuénsRtUv rEmgmkkan´®sþIPaB ß burisPaBEdl manesckþIeRkaZ . mñalPikú¡TaMgLay mYyeT[t sRtUv rEmg

GñkenaHÉgnwgmanesckþIGaRkk´ eRBaHesckþIeRkaZ

R:zñanUvehtuy¨agenH dl´sRtUvza Ohñ@ sUmobuK<lenH edkCa

enaHÉg ÉbuK<lmineRkaZtb nwgbuK<lEdleRkaZ

Tuk¡ .l. Ohñ@ sUmobuK<lenHkMumanRbeyaCn¾eRcIneLIy .l.

ehIy rEmgQñHnUvs®g<am EdleKQñH:neday

Ohñ@

kRm GñkNadwgzaGñkdéTeRkaZnwgxøÜn CaGñkman

buK<lenH kMumanyseLIy .l. Ohñ@ sUmobuK<lenH kMuman

sμartI rmáab´esckþIeRkaZ:n GñkenaH eQμaHza CaGñkRbRBwtþnUvRbyaCn¾ dl´CnTaMg 2 nak´ KW xøÜn nig GñkdéT

‘2’ ³ dUecñH nig za ;

1- suÇ mÇ mUÇ PaKTI21 TMB&rTI24 . 2– suÇ PaKTI30 TMB&rTI89 .

sUmobuK<lenH

miRteLIy

.l.

kMumanePaK;eLIy

.l.

luHEbkZøayragkaysøab´eTA

enH cUleTAkan´suKti sYK( eTvelakeLIy . ehtuGIV .

Ohñ@

sUmo

sUmkMuobuK<l er]genaH eRBaH

mñalPikú¡TaMgLay eRBaHsRtUv rEmgmineRtkGr dl´

sRtUv edaydMeNIreTAkan´suKtieT mñalPikú¡TaMgLay bu¨Enþburs-


visuTÆimK< ERb

157

158

RBhμviharnieTÞs

buK<lenH manesckþIeRkaZ manesckþIeRkaZRKbsg,t´ehIy man

enaH sáb´rmáab´ karsáb´rmáab´:ny¨agenH CakarRbéB ebIbdiX;

esckþIeRkaZrYbrwtehIy k*RbRBwtþTuc©rit edaykay RbRBwtþTuc©rit

enaH minsáb´rmáab´eT tGMBIenaHeTA Zm(Na> rbs´buK<lenaH Ca

edayvaca RbRBwtþTuc©rit edaycitþ . luHbuK<lEdlmanesckþI

Zm(sáb´rmáab´ CaZm(d*brisuTÆlÁ kalrlwker]y>eTA k*rEmgnaMmk

eRkaZRKbsg,t´enaH RbRBwtþTuc©ritedaykay vaca edaycitþehIy

nUvesckþIRCHzøa RBHeyaKI Kb|IrMlwknUvZm(enaH> er]y> ehIy

EbkZøayragkaysøab´eTA

benÞabg´nUvbdiX;:n .

k*rEmgeTAekIt

kñúgtircäan

eRbt

Gsurkay nrk ‘1’ ³ dUecñH nig za ;

EmnBit kaysmacarhñwgÉg énRBHeyaKIBYkxøH CasPav;

²mñalPikú¡TaMgLay eRb[bdUcGg,t´óssMrab´dutexμac Edl

sáb´rmáab´ehIy . ÉPaBénkaysmacar rbs´RBHeyaKIenaH sáb´

rEmg

rmáab´ehIy kalRBHeyaKIenaH eZVInUvvtþ nig esckþIRbtibtþieRcIn

minseRmcCaós kñúgRsuk:n TaMgminseRmcCaós kñúgéRB:n

KWCnTaMgGs´ Etgdwg:n . cMENkvcIsmacar nig menasmacar

manóbmay¨agNamij mñalPikú¡TaMgLay ‘buK<lNa CaGñkmin

CasPav;minsáb´rmáab´eT RBHeyaKI minKb|IKitnUvvcIsmacar nig

RbRBwtþ edIm|IRbeyaCn¾xøÜn TaMgminRbRBwtþ edIm|IRbeyaCn¾GñkdéT’

menasmacarTaMgenaH rbs´buK<lenaHeT Kb|Irlwker]y> nUvkar

tzaKteBalza bursbuK<lenH manóbemyüy¨agenaHEdr ‘2’³ .

sáb´rmáab´énkaysmacar Etbu¨eNÑaH .

ePøIgeqHrnÞalTaMgsgxag

manlamkRbLak´Rtg´kNþal

kñúgkal«LÚvenH GñkenaH kaleRkaZy¨agenH nwgmin:n

vcIsmacarEtmüa¨g énRBHeyaKIBYkxøH CasPav;sáb´rmáab´

eQμaHza CaGñkeZVItamBaküeRb[nRbedA rbs´RBHd*manRBHPaKpg

ehIy . ÉPaBénvcIsmacar énbuK<lBYkxøHenaHsáb´rmáab´ KWCn

EmnBit

k*CaGñkGaRkk´Cag

TaMgGs´ Etgdwg:n . eRBaHzatamRbRktI buK<lenaHCaGñkqøatév

CaGñkQñHnUvs®g<am

kñúgbdisNðar;pg CaGñkKYrRsLaj´pg CaGñkeBalRsYlsþab´

kaleRkaZtb

bursEdleRkaZehIy

‘nwgGñkEdleRkaZ’ nwgmin:neQμaHza

EdleKQñH:nedaylM:kpg

nwg:neQμaHza

CaGñkeZVInUvZ(m

pg

CaGñkrYsraypg

CaGñkmanmuxRss´bs´pg

CaGñkeBal

EdlsRtUveZVIodl´sRtUv dl´xøÜn edayxøÜnÉgpg nwgeQμaHza

munpg sURtnUvZm( edaysMeLgd*BieraH sMEdgnUvZmμkza eday

CaGñkeRb[bdUcCaGg,t´ós sMrab´dutexμacpg³ dUecñH .

bT nig BüJ¢n;TaMgLayd*RtwmRtUv . cMENkkaysmacar nig

‘TUnμanxøÜn n&yTI2 nwkdl´esckþIlÁrbs´eK’

menasmacar minsáb´rmáab´eT . RBHeyaKI minKb|IKitnUvkay-

kalRBHeyaKIenaH RbwgERbgBüayam y¨agenH

smacar nig menasmacar rbs´buK<lenaHeT Kb|Irlwker]y>

1- GMÇ sÇ PaKTI 47 TMB&rTI 172 .

ebIbdiX;

2- PaKTI 42 TMB&rTI 235 .

nUvkarsáb´rmáab´ énvcIsmacarEtbu¨eNÑaH:nehIy .


visuTÆimK< ERb

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160

sMrab´buK<lBYkxøH manmenasmacarEtmüa¨gKt´ sáb´rmáab´ ehIy

.

ÉPaBénmenasmacar

énbuK<lBYkxøHenaH

sáb´rmáab´

ehIy rEmgR:kd dl´CnTaMgGs´ kñúgTITaMgLay mankarcUl

RBhμviharnieTÞs sMrab´buK<lBYkxøH manZm(TaMg 3 enH sáb´rmáab´ehIy RBH

eyaKIR:zñanUvZm(Na> rbs´buK<lenaH Kb|Irlwker]y> nUvZ(m enaH> cuH .

eTAzVaybg<MRBHectiyCaedIm . EmnBit buK<lNa CaGñkmancitþ

mYyeT[t edIm|IsMEdgoc|as´nUvesckþIenHza ²emtþaPavna

minsáb´rmáab´ehIy buK<lenaH kalzVaybgM<nUvRBHectiykþI nUvedIm

CaZmμCati minEmnEdlbuK<lTaMgLay R:kddUecñH eZVI:n eday

eBaZiRBwkSkþI nUvRBHezr;TaMgLaykþI minzVaybgM<edayeKarBeT Ca

kRmeT³ dUecñH GaXatb|divinysURt kñúgbJ©kni:tenHza ²mñal

GñkGg<úymancitþrevIrvayxøH Gg<úyegakgk´xøH kñúgmNÐlCaTIsþab´

Gavuesa KMnuMekIteLIgdl´Pikú¡ Pikú¡RtUvkMcat´bg´ edayRbkarTaMgBYg

nUvZm(

eRBaHGaXatb|divin&yNa GaXatb|divin&yenHman 5 y¨ag ‘1’ ³

.

cMENkbuK<lGñkmancitþsáb´rmáab´ehIy

zVaybgM<edayeKarB

eC]Cak´ehIy

CaGñkmanRtec[kepÞ{gsþab´ehIy

eZVIioCa

RbeyaCn¾ kaleZVIoCak´c|as´ nUvesckþIRCHzøaéncitþ edaykay

sMrab´buK<lBYkxøH menasmacarEtmüa¨gKt´ CasPav;sáb´ rmáab´ehIy dUcEzøgmkenHÉgç kaysmacar nig vcIsmacarTaMg CasPav;minsáb´rmáab´eT

bNÐitKb|IeZVIoBisþarpgcuH .

‘TUnμanxøÜn n&yTI3 esckþIeRkaZeZVITuk¡oxøÜnÉg’ k*RbsinNaebI kalRBHeyaKIenaH Büayam sUm|Iy¨agenH

xøH edayvacaxøH eTIbsþab´Zm( .

Lay

dUecñH

RBHeyaKI

minKb|IKitnUvkay-

smacar nig vcIsmacarTaMgenaH énbuK<lenaHeT Kb|Irlwker]y> nUvkarsáb´rmáab´ énmenasmacarEtmüa¨gbu¨eNÑaH:nehIy . sMrab´buK<lBYkxøH bNþaZm(TaMg 3 enH sUm|IZm(mYy k* minsáb´rmáab´Edr RBHeyaKI Kb|ItMkl´esckþIGaNit kñúgbuK<lenaH

esckþIKMnuM enAEtekIteLIgdEdl kalebImanRbkardUecñH RBHeyaKI Kb|ITUnμanxøÜn y¨agenH za ;

‘1’ zaebIbuK<lmaneB[r eZVIesckþITuk¡dl´Gñk kñúg ragkayrbs´xøÜn cuHehtuGVI k*GñkR:zñaedIm|IeZVInUv esckþITuk¡

kñúgcitþrbs´xøÜn

EdlminEmnCakay

rbs´eKeTAvijç

‘2’ GñklHbg´ehIynUvmatabita Gñkmanóbkar;

za ²kñúgkal«LÚvenH buK<lenH Rtac´eTA kñúgmnusSelak k*Bit

eRcIn nig BYkjati manmuxkMBugEtERskyM ehtu

EmnehIy k*bu¨Enþza edayGMeNIHBIrbIézáeTA buK<lenH nwgCaGñk

GVI minlHbg´nUvesckþIeRkaZ EdlCasRtUv GñkeZVI

bMeBj nUvmhanrk 8 reNþApg nig ósSúTnrk 16 pg³ . d|itza esckþIKMnMu rEmgsáb´rmáab´ eRBaHGaRs&ynUvkruNa .

nUvGMeBIEdlminEmnCaRbeyaCn¾d*ZMç 1-

suÇ GMÇ bÇ

PaKTI 45 TMB&rTI 114 .


visuTÆimK< ERb

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162

RBhμviharnieTÞs

‘3’ GñkminsmebI enAEtObRkesabesckþIeRkaZ

ehIy eRBaHPav;énZm(TaMgLayCasPav;RbRBwtþeTA

GñkrkSaenaH sUmsYrbnþic GñkNaláIeláI R:kdesμI

GñkNaeT[t kñúgTIenHç

‘4’ GñkeRkaZza kmμminRbesIr EdlbuK<ldéT:n

nUvbuK<lenaHecj buK<lenaH Kb|IeZVInUvesckþITuk¡

dUecñaH edayxøÜnÉgeTAvijç

xøÜnÉgEmnBit eRBaHehtudUcemþc k*GñkenAEteRkaZ

EdlCaeRK]gkat´bg´ nUvb\sénsIlTaMgLayEdl

kñúgxN; kñúgkal«LÚvenH etIGñkenAeRkaZxwgnwg

edayGñkç

‘10’ buK<lNaeZVInUvesckþITuk¡dl´buK<lNa ev[r

eZVIehIy y¨agNahñ@ GñkR:zñaedIm|IeZVInUvkmμR:kd

dl´buK<lNa xøÜnGñkCaehtu énesckþITuk¡ eday

‘5’ ebIbuK<ldéTmanbMNgcg´eZVIoGñkxwg :neZVI

xwgnwgeKeT[t .

nUvesckþIminKab´citþo

emþck*GñkjúaMgmenarzrbs´

‘TUnμanxøÜn n&yTI4 BicarNakmμrbs´xøÜn’

eKoeBj edaykarjúaMgkMhwgoekIteLIgenaHç

‘6’ k*ZmμtaGñkeRkaZehIy nwgeZVInUvesckþITuk¡dl´ eK ß mineZVI Et«LÚvenHÉg Gñkeb[teb[n nUvxøÜn Ég edayekaZTuk¡ ‘Tuk¡eRBaHesckþIeRkaZ’ç

‘7’ müa¨geT[t ebIBYkGñkmaneB[r eLIgehIykan´ pøÚvminCaRbeyaCn¾ KWesckþIeRkaZ ehtuemþcTaMgGñk k*xwg yktMrab´tambuK<lBYkenaHeTAvijç

‘8’ sRtUvGaRs&ynUvkarxwgNarbs´Gñk eZVInUvGMeBI minCaTIRsLaj´ cUrGñkkat´ecal nUvesckþIxwgenaH eTA dUcemþck*GñkenAEtekþARkhay kñúgGMeBIEdlmin smKYreZVIGIVeT[tç

‘9’ sRtUv:neZVIGMeBIminCaTIKab´citþdl´Gñk eday xnÆTaMgLayNa xnÆTaMgLayenaH k*rlt´:t´eTA

‘180’ k*RbsinebI kalRBHeyaKIenaHsUm|ITUnμanxøÜn y¨ag enH bdiX; enAEtminsáb´rmáab´hñwgÉgç kalebIy¨agenH RBHeyaKI enH Kb|IBicarNarnUvPaBénxøÜnpg énbuK<ldéTpg za CaGñkman kmμCarbs´xøÜn .

bNþaxøÜn nig buK<ldéTTaMgenaH RBHeyaKIKb|I

BicarNa ‘kmμ’ rbs´xøÜnÉg Camun y¨agenH za ²mñalGñkd*cMerIn GñkeRkaZxwgehIycMeBaHbuK<lenaH

GñknwgeZVInUvGVI

ERkgkmμenaH

maneTasCaehtu nwgRbRBwtþeTA edIm|IminEmnCaRbeyaCn¾ dl´Gñk eTß eRBaHza Gñk CaGñkmankmμCarbs´xøÜn CaGñkmankmμCamt(k CaGñkmankmμCakMeNIt

CaGñkmankmμCaepABgS

CaGñkmankmμCa

TIBwgGaRs&y GñknwgeZVInUvkmμNa nwgCaGñkTTYlyknUvrgVan´ én kmμenaH

mYyvijeT[t kmμenH minGacjúaMgsmμasem¬aZiJ¦aN o

sMerc dl´Gñk:neT minGacjúaMgbec©keBaZi‘J¦aN’ osMeRmc eT minGacjúaMgsavkPUmiosMerc:neT minGacjúaMgsm|tþiNa-


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164

RBhμviharnieTÞs

mYy kñúgcMeNamsm|tiþTaMgLay manPaBénxøÜnCaRBhμ CaRBH«nÞ

buK<lenaH oXøakcakRBHsasnaehIy júaMgPaBénbuK<l man

CaesþccRkBtþi

dl´

buK<lGñksIuEdlCaedIm nig júaMgTuk¡viessTaMgLay manTuk¡kñúg

Gñk:neTç ebItamBiteTA kmμenH manEtjúaMgGñkoXøakcakRBH

nrkCaedIm oRbRBwtþeTA dl´buK<lenaHç buK<enaHÉg kaleZVInUv

sasnaehIy júaMgPaBénbuK<l manbuK<lGñksIuEdlCaedIm nig

kmμenH eQμaHza erayraynUv ‘eTas’ dl´xøÜnÉg eRb[bdUcCa

júaMgTuk¡viessTaMgLay manTuk¡kñúgnrkCaedIm oRbRBwtþeTA dl´

burs GñkQrenA kñúgTIRcasxül´ ehIyR:zñaerayray nUvbuK<l

Gñkç GñkenaH kaleZVInUvkmμenH eQμaHza dutnUvxøÜnÉg Camun nig

déT edayZUlI dUecñaHÉg . smdUcCaRBHmanRBHPaKRtas´ za ;

nig

CaesþckñúgRbeTsCaedIm

oseRmc

eQμaHza eZVIxøÜnÉg omankøinsÁúy dUcCabursGñkR:zña edIm|Icab´ nUvregIkePøIgTaMgLay EdlR:scakGNþatkþI nUvlamkkþI eday édTaMg 2 ehIyRbharnUvbuK<ldéT eQμaHza dutnUvxøÜnÉg Camun nig eQμaHza eZVIxøÜnÉgomankøinsÁúy y¨agenaHEdr . RBHeyaKI luHBicarNa nUvPaBénxøÜnCaGñkmankmμCarbs´ xøÜn y¨agenHehIy Kb|IBicarNa nUvPaBénbuK<ldéTCaGñkmankmμ Carbs´xøÜn y¨agenH za ²sUm|IbuK<lenaH xwgcMeBaHGñkehIy nwg eZVInUvGVI ERkgkmμenaH nwgRbRBwtþeTA edIm|IminEmnCaRbeyaCn¾ dl´ buK<ln@uHÉg

eRBaHza

elakGñkd*manGayuenH

CaGñkmankmμCa

rbs´xøÜn CaGñkmankmμCamt(k .l. nwgeZVInUvkmμNa nwgCaGñk TTYlyknUvrgVan´énkmμenaH

mYyvijeT[t

kmμenH

minGacjúaMg

smμasem¬aZiJ¦aN osMercdl´eK:neT minGacjúaMgbec©keBaZi ‘J¦aN’ oseRmc:neT minGacjúaMgsavkPUmi osMerc:neT minGacjúaMgsm|tþiNamYy kñúgcMeNamsm|tiþTaMgLay manPaB énxøÜnCaRBhμ CaRBH«nÞ CaesþccRkBtþi nig CaesþckñúgRbeTs CaedIm oseRmcdl´eK:neTç ebItamBiteTA kmμenH manEtjúaMg

buK<lBalNa RbTUsþcMeBaHCn EdlminRbTUsþ CabursbrisuTÆ

minmankielsdUcCaTITYl

:b

rEmgRtLb´mkRtUvbuK<lBalenaHvij dUcCaZUlId* lÁit EdlbuK<l:cRcasxül´> k*RtLb´mkRtUv Gñk:cenaHvij

‘1’

.

‘TUnμanxøÜn n&yTI5 BicarNadl´buBVcriyarbs´RBHBuTÆ’ ‘181’ k*RbsinebI RBHeyaKIenaH BicarNa nUvkmμsSkta y¨agenHehIy bdiX; k*enAEtminsáb´rmáab´dEdl kalebIy¨ag enH RBHeyaKIenaH Kb|IBicarNa nUvKuNCacMENk énbuBVcriya rbs´RBHsasþavijmþg . enHCan&yénkarBicarNa kñúgbuBVcriya KuNrbs´RBHsasþaenaH za ²EnbBVCitd*cMerIn RBHsasþarbs´Gñk minTan´:nRtas´dwg kñúgkalmunGMBIsem¬aZism&y sUm|IenACaRBH eBaZistVenAeLIy kalbMeBjRBH:rmI Gs´ 4 Gseg¡ykMérmYy Esnkb| k*minjúaMgcitþRbTUsþcMeBaHbuK<lTaMgLayCasRtUvsUm|I 1- suÇ sMÇ sÇ

PaKTI 30 TMB&rTI 92 .


visuTÆimK< ERb

165

CaGñksmøab´ kñúgCatiTaMgLayenaH>k*eday er]genHdUcemþcxøH/ .

‘sIlvCatk’

166

RBhμviharnieTÞs er]gkñúgxnþivaTICatk

xnþivaTItabseBaZistV

kalebIRBH

raCa ‘klaBu’ EdnkasI RTg´manR:C\aTn´exSay RTg´Rtas´sYrza

bNÐitKb|IRCaber]g kñúgsIlvCatk munsin RBHsIlv-

²EnsmN; etIGñkmanvaTIdUcemþc³ dUecñH k*eqøIyza ²Gatμa eQμaH

eBaZistV kalRBHraCaEdlCasRtUv KWGamatü:b EdlRbTUsþ

za xnþivaTI³ dUecñH RtUvvayedayepþATaMgbnøaehIy kat´éd nig eCIg

ehIy cMeBaHRBHeTvIrbs´RBHGg< naMykmkehIy deNþImyknUv

ecalk*eday k*min:neZVIsUm|InUvehtuRtwmEtkareRkaZxwgeLIy .

GaNaextþ Gs´TI300 eyaCn¾ k*min:noBYkGamatüEdleRkak

karEdlxnþivaTItabs EdlCaZM cUlkan´pñÜsehIy Kb|I

eLIg edIm|IRbeyaCn¾ dl´karkarBar cab´Bal´sUm|InUvGavuZeLIy RtUvRBHraCaCasRtUv

mYyGenøIedayGamatümYyBan´

k*mineZVIsUm|IRtwmEtkarjúaMgcitþoRbTUsþ

RTg´eZVIkar

Büayamrbs´bursehIy k*:nmanCIvitmkvij eRBaHGaRs&ynUv Eq,cckTaMgLayEdlmkkkayGacm¾dIsIunUvsasB RTg´cuHehIy kñúgbnÞb´d*mansirIrbs´xøÜn

edayGanuPaBénykS

EdledkehIyelIdMeNkd*mansirI

eXIjnUvsRtUv

mineZVInUvesckþIeRkaZxwgesaH

eZVInUvkars|zEs|KñaeTAvijeTAmk k*:nEtgtaMgnUvsRtUvenaH kñúg tMENgdUcCamiRt ehIyRtas´za ;

bursCabNÐit RtUvEtbu¨nb¨gomutmaM minRtUven]y NayeLIy

eyIgeXIjnUvxøÜneyIgRsab´ehIy

eyIgR:zña y¨agNa k*:ny¨agenaH

‘xnþivaTiCatk’ 1- suÇ xuÇ CaÇ PaKTI 58 TMB&rTI 23 .

‘1’

.

‘cULZmμ:lCatk’

CIknUvEpndI

RbmaNRtwm-k ehIykb´ecal kñúgéRBsμsan CaTIecalnUvexμac Rss´eT[t

eZVI:ny¨agenH nu@H minCakarGs©arüNas´NaeT .

Gm|aly¨agkñúgcULZmμ:lCatk Zmμ:lkumareBaZistV sUm|ICaGñkenAedkpáar kalRBHmataRTg´RBHBilab y¨agenHza ;

bBiRtRBHsmμtieTB

edImédTaMgLay

Edllab

ln´ehIy edayrsénxøwmcnÞn¾ énZmμ:l GñkCa TayaT EpndIdac´ CIvit rbs´xM\úm©as´k*nwgrlt´eTA r

dUecñH RtUvRBHraCaRBHnammhabtab;Cabita Rtas´bJ¢a oeKkat´ éd nig eCIgTaMg 4 dUcCakg´énb\sSIbu¨NÑwgehIy k*enAEtminlμm RBHT&y RTg´Rtas´bg<ab´ ‘eT[t’ za ²cUrGñkTaMgLaykat´nUvk|al rbs´va³ dUecñH eTIbRTg´das´et]nxøÜnza ²kñúgkal«LÚvenH enHKWCa kalCaTIpÞj´pÞal´nUvcitþrbs´GñkolÁehIy

mñalZmμ:ld*cMerIn

«LÚvenH GñkcUrCaGñkmancitþesμI cMeBaHbuK<lTaMg 4 nak´enH KW cMeBaHRBHbitaGñkbg<ab´okat´k|al 1 cMeBaHbursGñkkat´k|al1 cMeBaHRBHmata

EdlkMBugEtRTg´xSwkxSÜl 1 cMeBaHxøÜn 1 ³ dUecñH


visuTÆimK< ERb

167

ehIy RTg´GZidðannUvTL$smaTan‘KWkareZVIcitþesμIorwgmaM’ min:n RTg´eZVIsUm|IRtwmEtGakarEdlRbTUsra¨yeLIy . Zmμ:lkumarCamnusSRtLaMg :neZVIehIyy¨agenH eday ehtuNa

ehtunu@H BMuTan´Gs©arüenAeLIyeT .

bu¨nGm|aly¨ag ‘kñúgqTÞnþCatk’ RBHeBaZistVsUm|ICastV tircäan KWCadMrIeQμaHqTÞnþ sUm|IRtUvkUnsrEdlRtaMeehIy eday zñaMBis mutehIy Rtg´p©it k*minjúaMgcitþoRbTUsþ cMeBaHRBanGñk eZVInUvesckþIvinas smdUcCaRBHGdðkzacarü eBalTukehIy za ;

RtUvRBanéRB:j´ehIy

RBhμviharnieTÞs

sVaenH CaGahar rbs´BYkmnusS dUcCaBYkRmwK déT kñúgéRBEdr ebIdUecñaH GatμaGj XøanehIy Kb|Ismøab´nUvsVaenHsIu GjsIuEqÁtehIy nwgyk nUvsac´Caes|{g

‘qTÞnþCatk’

dMrId*RbesIr

168

edaysrd*

ezøas minmancitþRbTUsþ:nniyaynwgRBanéRBza EnsMLaj´ GñkRtUvkarGVI etIeRBaHehtuGVI:nCaGñk smøab´eyIg müa¨geT[t karRbkbenHrbs´GñkNa dUecñH luHeBaly¨agenHrYcehIy RBanR:b´za ²x\úM CaGñkEdlRBH mehsI énesþckñúgEdnkasI RTg´Rtas´bJ¢Únmk edIm|IRbeyaCn¾

ehIynwgedIreTA

nwgqøgnUvpøÚv

qáay es|{grbs´Gjk*manRsab´ dUecñHehIy k*elIkdMuzμehIyTMlayk|al kalRkeLkemIl nUv bursenaH manEPñkTaMgLay eBjehIyedayTwkEPñk eBalza ;

bBiRtelakd*cMerIn elakCaelakm©as´énx\úM eQμaH za elakkMueZVIeLIynUvGMeBIR:kddUcenH KYrCaGñk manGayuEvgKYredIm|IhamXat´nUvCnTaMgLaydéT dUecñHehIy minjúaMgcitþoRbTUsþ kñúgbursenaH minKitnUvesckþITuk¡ rbs´xøÜnesaH

ehIyjúaMgbursenaHÉg

o:ndl´ehIy

nUvPUmi

EdlmanesckþIekSmkSanþ .

‘PUriTtþCatk’

dl´PøúkTaMgLayrbs´Gñk³ dUecñH kaljúaMgmenarz énRBanenaH

‘kñúgPUriTtþCatk’ RBHeBaZistV CanaKraC eQμaHza PUriTtþ

oeBj :noRBankat´PøúkTaMgLay rbs´xøÜn d*PøWepøkdUcCamas

kalGZidðan nUvGg<énóe:szsIlehIy k*edkenAelIk|aldMbUk

Edlruger]gRBmehIyqøúHrsμImanBN( 6 .

kalebIsrIr;TaMgmUl TukCaRtUvRBanRBYsedayOsz

‘mhakbiCatk’ ‘kñúgmhakbiCatk’ RBHeBaZistV CasVad*ZM RtUvbursEdl elIkeLIgehIy GMBIeRCaHPñM edayxøÜnÉg Kity¨agenH za ;

edayePøIgEdltaMgenAGs´kb|

dak´cuHkñúgkMeR:gehIy

R:kdesμI oelg

kñúgsklCm¬ÚTVIb k*min:neZVIehIysUm|IRtwmEtkiriyajúaMgcitþ o RbTUsþ kñúgRBanéRBenaHeLIy smdUcCaelakeBalTuk za ;


visuTÆimK< ERb

x\úMkalGalm¬ay

RckkñúgkMeR:gkþI

169

kaljaMjI

edayEkgeCIgkþI k*mineRkaZxwgEdr eRBaHP&yxøac GMBIkiriyadac´énsIl rbs´eyIg .

CanaKraCeQμaHza

RBhμviharnieTÞs sUm|IkñúgRKaEdlRBHeBaZistV ekItCasg¡:lnaKraC RtUv

kUnRBanéRB 16 nak´ ecaHRskITaMgLay 8 kEnøg edaylMEBg TaMgLayd*mut ehIyrujvløiEdlmanbnøacUleTAtammuxrbYsTaMg Lay RckExSEdlmaM tamRcmuH ehIyEsgGUs edaysERgk

‘cem|yüCatk’ sUm|IRKakalRBHeBaZistV

170

cem|yü;

RtUvhμBs´eb[teb[n k*min:njúaMgsUm|IRtwmEtesckþIRbTUsþéncitþ oekIteLIgEdr smdUcCaelakeBalehIy za ;

hμBs´ cab´nUvGjCaGñkRbRBwtþnUvZm( caMóe:sz ‘naMeTAo’elg eT[bTVarRBHraCvaMg k*kñúgkalenaH hμBs´enaH KitnUvBN(Na KW BN(ex[vkþI B(N el]gkþI BN(RkhmkþI x\úMkalRbRBwtþtamcitþ énhμ Bs´enaH CaGñkeQVgyl´nUvehtuEdlhμBs´enaH KitehIy x\úMKb|IeZVITIeKakoeTACaTITwkk*:n Kb|I eZVITITwkoeTACaTIeKakk*:n RbsinebIx\úMKb|IeRkaZ xwg cMeBaHhμBs´enaH k*x\úMKb|IeZVIhμBs´enaH oeTA CaepH Pøam>k*:n RbsinebIx\úMnwgCaGñkRbRBwtþeTA

manxøÜnb¨HTg<icRtg´épÞénZrNI TTYlnUvesckþITuk¡d*ZMEZg xwgehIy sUm|ICaGñkGac edIm|IeZVInUvkUnRBanéRBTaMgGs´oeTACaepH eday RKan´EtRkeLkemIlbu¨eNÑaH eZμcEPñkehIy min:neZVIehIysUm|I RtwmEtGakarEdlRbTUsþ .

smdUcCaelakeBalehIy za ;

bBiRtGLar; x\úMrkSaóe:sz kñúgézáTI14 nig ézá TI 15 Canic© RKaenaH BYkePaCbuRt 16 nak´ kan´nUvExS nig GnÞak´d*maM edIrmk RBanTaMgLay TMlay ‘srIr;’ ykExSxøúsRcmuHehIy EsgnaM ykx\úMeTA x\úMjúaMgóe:sz minokeRmIk xMGt´RTaM nUvesckþITuk¡TaMgenaH . k*RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´:neZVInUvKuNKYrGs©arü manRbkardUc eBalmkbu¨eNÑH enABMuTan´Gs´eCIgeT RTg´:neZVInUvKuNTaMgLay

kñúgGMNacéncitþ xúM\nwgsabsUnüehIy caksIl

déTeT[t

kalebIx\úMsabsUnücaksIlehIy RbeyaCn¾ d*

e:skCatkCaedImç GMeBIeQμaHza karjúaMgbdiXcitþ oekIteLIg

ótþm nwgminseRmceLIy .

CakarminKYr KW mansPaBminsmKYréRkeBk dl´GñkenaH Edl

‘sg¡:lCatk’

EdlKYroGs©arüCaeRcIn

kñúgCatiTaMgLay

manmatu-

eBalGagnUvRBHd*manRBHPaKGg<enaH Edlkñúgkal«LÚvenH RTg´ seRmcehIy nUvsBVJ¦útþJ¦aN manxnþICaKuN CaRBHsasþa min


visuTÆimK< ERb manbuK<lNamYy

171

kñúgelakRBmTaMgeTvelakeRb[besμI:neLIy

172

RBhμviharnieTÞs

s®g<amRbek[kKñaTaMgBIrxag sÞúHeTAkñúgsmuRT tamnava nig eZVInUv kargardéTeT[t

y¨agdUecñHÉg .

‘TUnμanxøÜnn&yTI6 BicarNarkarTak´TgkñúgvdþsgSar’

EdleZVI:nedaylM:k

RbmUlnUvRTBü

eday

ó:yTaMgLayenaH> edayKitza ²GjnwgciJ©wmnUvkUntUc³ dUecñH

‘182’ k*RbsinebI kalRBHeyaKIenaH sUm|IBicarNa nUv

ehIyciJ©wmnUvGatμaGjç bursenH CabgbÁÚnRbus RsIenH Cabg

RBHKuN KWkiriyaRbRBwtþikñúgxagedIm rbs´RBHsasþa dUcEdl:n

bÁÚnRsI bursenHCakUnRbus nig RsIenHCakUnRsI ‘rbs´GatμaGj’

eBalmky¨agenHç

rbs´RBHeyaKIGñkdl´nUv

k*za:n TaMg:neZVIehIy nUvóbkar;enHpgenaHpg dl´GatμaGj

PaBCax\úMénkielsTaMgLay Gs´raRtIkald*EvgenaH enAEtminTan´

eRBaHehtuenaH karEdlGatμaGj júaMgcitþoRbTUsþ cMeBaHbuK<l

sáb´rmáab´eT[t

TaMgLayenaH minsmKYresaHeLIy³ dUecñH .

esckþIzñaMgzñak´citþ

bnÞab´mk

RBHeyaKIenaH

Kb|IBicarNa

nUvPaB

énsgSar minmanTIbMput . EmnBit kñúgGnmtK<sURtenaH RBHman

‘TUnμanxøÜn n&yTI7 BicarNaGanisgSénemtþa’ ‘183’ k*RbsinebIRBHeyaKIenaH enAEtminGac edIm|IrMlt´

RBHPaKRTg´Rtas´RBHtRmas´enH za ²mñalPikú¡TaMgLay stVNa minZøab´ekItCamata stVNa minZøab´ekItCabita stVNa minZøab´

nUvcitþ

ekItCabgbÁÚnRbus stVNa minZøab´ekItCabgbÁÚnRsI stVNa min

GanisgSénemtþa y¨agenHza ²mñalbBVCitd*cMerIn ERkgRBHd*man

Zøab´ekItCakUnRbus stVNaminZøab´ekItCakUnRsI stVenaH eKmin

RBHPaK RTg´Rtas´za; mñalPikú¡TaMgLay emtþaecetavimutíþ Edl

gayrk:n ‘1’ ³ . eRBaHehtuenaH RBHeyaKIKb|IjúaMgcitþ oekIt

buK<l:nesB Gb´rM eZVIoeRcIn eZVIodUcCayan eZVIodUcCaTItaMg

eLIg kñúgbuK<lenaH za ²:n»za kñúgkalEdlknøgmkehIy ®sþI

tm,l´maM snSMedaym¨t´ct´ R:rBÆlÁehIy nwgmanGanisgS 11

enH Camatarbs´Gj kalrkSanUvépÞ Gs´ 10 Ex k*minex¬ImeqÁIm

CaR:kd GanisgS 11 etIdUcemþcxøH KW emtþaviharibuK<l rEmg

naMecjmknUvvtæúminsÁatTaMgLaymanmURt krIs Twkmat´ nig Twk

edklk´RsYl 1 P\ak´eLIgk*RsYl 1 minyl´sbþGaRkk´ 1 CaTI

sem|arCaedIm

epþkenAelIRTUg

RsLaj´énmnusSTaMgLay1 CaTIRsLaj´énGmnusSTaMgLay1

Bedayceg,H ciJ©wmehIyç ‘bursenH’ Cabita rbs´Gj kaleTA

BYkeTvtaEtgrkSa 1 ePøIgkþIzñaMBiskþIs®sþavuZkþI rEmgminb¨HBal´1

kan´pøÚvlM:kTaMgLay manpøÚvBEB nig pøÚvkegVrCaedIm RbkbnUv

buK<lenaHtm,l´citþenAnwgd*qab´rh&s1 mansm|úrmuxRss´bs´1

karCYj lHbg´TaMgCIvit edIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´Gj ehIycUleTAkñúg

minvegVgeZVImrNkal 1 kalebIminTan´:nRtas´dwgnUvmK<pleT

1- suÇ sMÇ niÇ

dUcCaeKnaMecjnUvxøwmcnÞn¾Rkhm

PaKTI 32 TMB&rTI 101 .

y¨agdUecñH:neT

bnÞab´mk

RBHeyaKIenH

Kb|IBicarNa

Kg´:neTAekItenAÉRBhμelak 1 ³ dUecñH zaebIGñkminrMlt´nUvcitþ


visuTÆimK< ERb

173

174

RBhμviharnieTÞs

‘TUnμanxøÜncugeRkay eZVIkarEvkEjknUvTan’

enHeT GñknwgenAxageRkAGMBIGanisSTaMgenH .

‘185’ EtebIRBHeyaKIenH minGac edIm|IeZVIkarbMEbkZatu

‘TUnμanxøÜn n&yTI8 eRbIviZIbMEbkZatu’ y¨ag

‘y¨agenH’ :neT Kb|IeZVIkarEvkEjknUvTan . RBHeyaKI Kb|Io

enH:neT Kb|IeZVIkarEvkEjkZatuç etIRtUveZVIdUcemþc/ KWRtUvTUnμan

vtæúEdlCarbs´xøÜn dl´GñkdéT . Kb|ITTYlyk nUvvtæúrbs´Gñk

xøÜn

cuHGñkkalxwgcMeBaH

déTmk edIm|IxøÜn . k*RbsinebIGñkdéT CaGñkmanGaCIBepSgKña

buK<lenH Gñkxwgdl´GñkNa Gñkxwgdl´sk´TaMgLayß ßzadl´

manbrik¡arminlμmeRbIR:s´ RBHeyaKIRtUvoEtvtæúCarbs´xøÜnvij .

eramTaMgLay RkckTaMgLay .l. Gñkxwgdl´TwkmURtß ßBuM

kalRBHeyaKIenaH eZVIy¨agenH esckþIKMnMu cMeBaHbuK<lenaH rEmg

enaHesat Gñkxwgdl´bfvIZatu kñúgGakarTaMgLaymansk´CaedIm

sáb´rmáab´ edaycMENkmYyEmnBit . cMENkesckþIeRkaZ rbs´

ß Gñkxwgdl´Gae:Zatu eteCaZatu vaeyaZatuß/ müa¨gvijeT[t

RBHeyaKIeRkAenH

elakd*manGayuenH eKehAza maneQμaHy¨agenH eRBaHGaRs&y

k*rEmgsáb´rmáab´:n kñúgxN;enaHPøamEdr dUcCaesckþIeRkaZrbs´

nUvxnÆ 5 TaMgLayNa eRBaHGaRs&ynUvGaytn; 12 TaMgLay

RBHmhaezr;Gñk:n:RtehIy EdlRBHezr; GñkRbRBwtþbiNÐ:t

Na eRBaHGaRs&ynUvZatu 16 TaMgLayNaç kñúgbJ©k¡nÆTaMgenaH

Cavtþ Gñkmanesnasn;enArYcehIy Gs´va;3 dg kñúgvtþeQμaH

etIGñkxwgdl´rUbk¡nÆß ßza Gñkxwgdl´evTnaxnÆÇÇÇsJ¦axnÆÇÇÇsg¡ar

citþlbB(t

k¡nÆÇÇÇnig viJ¦aNk¡nÆç müa¨geT[t Gñkxwgdl´ck¡%aytn;ß ßza Gñk

edaytémø 8 khabN; Edló:sikaCamatarbs´x\úMRbeKnehIy

xwgdl´rU:ytn;/

Gñkxwgdl´mnaytn; ß Gñkxwgdl´

CalaPRbkbedayZm( sUmRBHetCHRBHKuNeZVInUvbuJ¦laP dl´

müa¨geT[t Gñkxwgdl´ckú¡Zatu ß Gñkxwgdl´rUbZatu

mhaó:sikapgcuH³ dUecñH RbeKnehIy sáb´rmáab´y¨agenaHÉg .

Gñkxwgdl´ckú¡viJ¦aNZatu .l. Gñkxwgdl´menaZatu ß xwgdl´

BitEmnehIy ZmμtaTanenH manGanuPaBeRcIny¨agenHÉg smdUc

ZmμZatu ßk*Gñkxwgdl´menaviJ¦aNZatu/³ dUecñH . EmnBitehIy

elakeBalehIy za ;

‘184’

EtebIRBHeyaKI

edayviZIy¨agenHza

Zmμaytn;/ç

.l.

minGacedIm|IeZVIcitþorMlt´

²EnbBVCitd*cMerIn

kalRBHeyaKIenaH eZVInUvkarbMEbkZatu dUc:neBalmkenH TICaTI taMgenAs)b´énesckþIeRkaZ k*minman dUcCaTItaMgénRKab´és¬ elI EdkEdlRsYc minman nig dUcCaTItaMgénrUbKMnUrBÆd*Gakas min man y¨agdUecñaHÉg .

sUm|ICab´tamehIy

eBalza

cab´taMgGMBIGtItCatimk

²bBiRtRBHetCHRBHKuN

:RtenH

TanCaeRK]gTUnμancitþEdlminTan´TUnμanehIy Tan CaeRK]gjúaMgRbeyaCn¾TaMgBYg osMerc:n Cn TaMgLay eRtkRtGalpg zñmcitþpg eRBaHkaro CamYynwgkareBalBaküCaTIRsLaj´ .

Rbkb


visuTÆimK< ERb

175

‘186’ kalRBHeyaKIenaH manesckþIzñaMgzñak´citþ cMeBaH

176

RBhμviharnieTÞs

nUvPikú¡TaMg 3 rUbeLIy³ dUecñHç

sImsemÖT eQμaHza CaEdn

buK<lEdlCasRtUv sáb´rmáab´ edayviZITUnμanxøÜn manRbkarepSg>

KWPikú¡enaH

dUc:nBN(namkenHehIy ‘emtþacitþ EdlRBHeyaKIoRbRBwtþeTA’

RBHeyaKI R:zña ‘oBYkecar’ cab´Pikú¡Na> k*eQμaHza CaGñkmin

kñúgbuK<lCaTIRsLaj´ CaTIRsLaj´éRkeBk buK<lCasMLaj´ nig

EsVgrknUvRbeyaCn¾ odl´Pikú¡enaH> eQμaHza CaGñkEsVgrkEt

buK<lCakNþalTaMgLay y¨agNa citþ ‘rbs´RBHeyaKI’ rEmg

RbeyaCn¾ odl´Pikú¡déTeTAvij .

RbRBwtþeTAedayGMNacemtþa kñúgbuK<lmaneB[renaH y¨agnu@HEdr .

mineXIjsUm|InUvPikú¡mYyrUb kñúgcenøaH énCnTaMg 4 nak´ EdlxøÜn

min:neZVIehIyEmnBit . eRBaHehtuGVI/

. eRBaHza

bu¨Enþ kñúgkalNa RBHeyaKI

bnÞab´mk RBHeyaKIenH kaljúaMgemtþaoRbRBwtþeTAer]y>

Kb|Iodl´BYkrecarç citþd*esμIEtmüa¨g rEmgRbRBwtþeTAkñúgxøÜnÉgpg

júaMgPaBéncitþd*esμI kñúgCnTaMg 4 BYk KW kñúgxøÜnÉg 1 kñúgbuK<l

kñúgCnTaMg 3 nak´enaHpgç kñúgkalenaH sImsemÖT eQμaHza Ca

CaTIRsLaj´ 1 kñúgbuK<lCakNþal 1 kñúgbuK<lEdlCasRtUv 1

EdnKWRBHeyaKIenaHeZIVehIy dUecñHÉg .

odl´RBm Kb|IeZVICasImsemÖT ‘karrYmEdncUlKña’ . enHKWCa

buraNacarüTaMgLay eBalza ;

lk¡N; énsImsemÖT ‘1’ enaH . zaebI kalebIbuK<lenH CamYynwgbuK<lEdlCaTIRsLaj´ buK<lCakNþal nig buK<lCasRtUvTaMgLay RtUvCa 4 nwgrUb xøÜnÉg Gg<úyehIy kñúgRbeTsmYy BYkecar :nmkehIy eBal za ²bBiRtRBHKuNm©as´ sUmRBHKuNm©as´ onUvPikú¡mYyrUb dl´ BYkeyIgx\úM³ dUecñHç kalebIbuK<lenaH sYrza ²eRBaHehtuGVI/³ dUecñH k*Kb|IeBalza ²edIm|IRbeyaCn¾ dl´karsmøab´Pikú¡enaH ykQam kñúgbMBg´-k ehIyeZVInUvBlikmμ³ .

k*kñúger]genaH Pikú¡n@uH Kb|I

Kitza ²BYkecar cUrcab´yk nUvPikú¡ÉeNaH>³ dUecñHç sImsemÖT eQμaHza

CaEdnKWPikú¡enaH

min:neZVIehIyEmnBit

.

Rbsin

ebIRBHeyaKI Kitza ²BYkecar cUrcab´yknUvGatμaGj cUrkMucab´yk 1- karpSayemtþacitþeTAesIμ kñúgEdnTaMg 4 enH ehAza sImsemÖT .

RBHeyaKINa

eRBaHehtuenaH :nCa

CaGñkmancitþCaRbeyaCn¾EmnBit

dl´stVTaMgLay rEmgeXIj nUvPaBepSg> kñúg buK<l 4 BYk KW kñúgxøÜnÉg 1 kñúgbuK<lGñkR:zña RbeyaCn¾ 1 kñúgbuK<lCakNþal 1 kñúgbuK<lCa GñkminR:zñaRbeyaCn¾ 1 kñúgkalNaç kñúgkal enaH RBHeyaKIenaH KWbNÐitk*minehAza CaGñk qøat :nemtþatamEdlxøÜnR:zñaeTç kñúgkalNa sImaTaMg 4 KWPikú¡rYmcUlCamYyKñaehIy RBHeyaKI pSayemtþaesμIKña

eTAkan´stVelakTaMgBYg

RBm

TaMgeTvelakpg kñúgkalenaH RBHeyaKIGñkman sImaminR:kd eTIb:neQμaHza CaGñkviessZM

CagRBHeyaKavcrmun .


visuTÆimK< ERb

177

‘emtþaQan’

178

RBhμviharnieTÞs

edayGMNacénQan manbfmCÄanCaedImEtbu¨eNÑaH .

‘Ek:LIGb|mJ¦a’

‘187’ cMENkÉ nimitþkþI óbcarkþI eQμaHza KWPikú¡enH:n k*kalebI

k*kñúg:LInu@H bTza ²emtþashKetn³ esckþIza Rbkb

Pikú¡enH eZVIsImsemÖTehIy Pikú¡enaH kalesB cMerIn eZVIoeRcIn

RBmehIyedayemtþa . bTza ²ectsa³ KWmancitþ . bTza ²ÉkM

nUvnimitþenaHÉg eQμaHza:nseRmcnUvGb|na tamn&yEdlelak

TisM³RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´ehIy edayGMNacénkarpSayeTA

eBalehIy kñúgbfvIksiNÉeNaH edayminlM:keLIy .

kan´stVEdlelakrab´bJ©ÚlehIy kñúgTismYy eRBaHGaRs&ynUv

ehIy Gs´kald*esμI énsImsemÖT y¨agdUecñHÉg .

bfmCÄan RbkbRBmedayemtþa EdllHnUvGg< 5 Rbkb

stVEdlelakkMNt´ehIyCadMbUg kñúgTismYy . bTza ²pritVa³

edayGg< 5 manlMG 3 y¨ag bribUredaylk¡N; 10 CaQan

KWb¨HBal´ehIy :ndl´eZVIoCaGarmμN¾ . bTza ²vihrti³ man

EdlRBHeyaKIenaH

man

esckþIza júaMgkiriyaenAeday«riyabz EdlxøÜn:ntaMgTukehIy

RbmaNbu¨eNÑH . k*kalebIbfmCÄanenaH KWRBHeyaKI :nsMerc

kñúgZm(CaeRK]genAd*RbesIr oRbRBwtþeTA . bTza ²tza TutiyM³

ehIy RBHeyaKIenaH kalesB cMerIn eZVIoeRcIn nUvnimitþenaHÉg

esckþIza RBHeyaKIenaH pSayeTAkan´TisNa> mYy kñúgTisTaMg

eQμaHza sMercnUvTutiyCÄan nig ttiyCÄan kñúgctuk,n&ypg nig

Lay manTisxagekItCaedIm ehIyenA y¨agNaç k*pSayeTAkan´

sMercnUvTutiyCÄan ttiyCÄan nig ctutæCÄan kñúgbJ©k,n&ypg

TisTI2 TisTI3 nig TisTI4 kñúglMdab´énTisTI 1 enaH k*y¨ag

tamlMdab´ . EmnBit RBHeyaKIenaH eQμaHza mancitþRbkbeday

enaHEdr . Baküza ²«ti óTÆM³ éxesckþIza nig edayn&ydUcKñanu@H

emtþa edayGMNacénQanÉNamYy bNþaQanTaMgLay man

Ég kñúgTisxagelI . BIrbTza ²GeZa tiriyM³ KWsUm|IkñúgTisxag

bfmCÄanCaedIm pSayeTAkan´Tis 1 ehIyenAç

eRkam sUm|IkñúgTisTTwg k*y¨agdUecñaHEdr . k*kúñgbTTaMg 2 enaH

TisTI2

dUcKña

:nseRmcehIy

TisTI3

dUcKña

edayPavnanueyaK

TisTI4

k*dUcKña

pSayeTAkan´ TisxagelI

TisxageRkam TTwg k*n&ydUcKñaenHEdrç RBHeyaKIenaH mancitþ

bTza ²GeZa³ KWTisxageRkamç

bTza ²tiriyM³ :ndl´TistUc

TaMgLay .

Rbkbedayemtþa d*TUlay d*x¬g´x¬s´ minmanRmaN minmaneB[r

edayn&yenHÉg RBHeyaKI eQμaHzajúaMgcitþ EdlRbkb

minmanBüa:T pSayeTAkan´elakEdlmanstVRKb´GenøI kñúgTis

edayemtþa osÞúHel]neTApg osÞúHel]nRtLb´mkvijpg kñúg

TaMgBYg eRBaHPaBéncitþTaMgGs´ ehIyenA . k*Gb|naCaeRK]geZVI

TisTaMgBYgTaMgLay dUcnaysarzI júaMgesHosÞúHel]neTAmk

oEbøkenH rEmgsMerc dl´RBHeyaKIGñkmancitþ:ndl´ nUvGb|na

kñúgmNÐlCaTIelgesH y¨agenaHÉg .


visuTÆimK< ERb

179

180

RBhμviharnieTÞs

‘GtæénvikuBVna’

RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´sMEdgnUvkarpSayemtþa edaycMeBaH eRBaHkMNt´nUvTismYy nig TismYy

edaybT:LI manRbmaN

bu¨eNÑH . cMENkbT:LICaedImza ²sBVZi³

RBHGg<RTg´Rtas´

ehIy edIm|IsMEdg edaymincMeBaH .

k*kñúgbTza ²vibueln³ enH bNÐitKb|IeXIjPaB énemtþa shKtcitþCacitþTUlay edayGMNacénkarpSay . k*mYyeT[t citþenaH Cacitþd*ZM edayGMNacénPUmi . CacitþminmanRbmaN

kñúgbTTaMgenaH bTza ²sBVZi³ KWkñúgTisTaMgBYg .

bTza

edayGMNacénesckþIsÞat´pg edayGMNacénRBHeyaKI manstV

²sBVtþtay³ esckþIza eRBaHPaBénRBHeyaKICaGñkmanxøÜn kñúg

CaGarmμN¾manRbmaNmin:npg . eQμaHza CacitþminmaneB[r

stVTaMgBYgTaMgLay manRbePTepSg> GMBIKña dUcCastVzñak´Tab

eRBaHlHbg´nUvsRtUv KWBüa:T:n .

zñak´kNþal zñak´x¬g´x¬s´ EdlCamiRt CasRtUv nig CakNþal

eRBaHlHbg´nUveTamnsS .

eQμaHza CacitþminBüa:T

manGZib|ayza ²minmanTuk¡³ .

GZib|ayza bTza ²GyM brsetþa³ KW eRBaHPav; én

enHCaesckþIénvikuBVna EdlRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´ehIy

RBHeyaKIenaH CaGñkmanxøÜnesμI eRBaHmineZVInUvkarEvkEjk . n&y

edayn&yza ²mancitþRbkbedayemtþa³ dUecñHCaedIm . k*ÉvikuBVna

mYyeT[t bTza ²sBVtþtay³ esckþIzaedayPaBéncitþTaMgGs´.

‘kareZVIoCak´c|as´’ enH rEmgsMerc dl´RBHeyaKIGñkmancitþdl´

GZib|ayza ²min:nbJÚ¢ncitþeTABÆd*xageRkAsUm|IEtbnþicbnþÜc³ .

ehIynUvGb|naEtbu¨eNÑaH y¨agNamij RBHsarIbutþetær eBalnUv

bTza ²sBVavnþM³ esckþIza EdlmanstVsBVRKb´ KWEdlRbkb

KuNCatCaeRK]geZVIoEbøkÉNa kñúgbdismÖiTahñwgÉg za ²emtþa-

CaedIm .

edaystVRKb´GenøI . cMENkBaküza

bTza ²elakM³ KWstVelakTaMgGs´ .

ecetavimutþi ‘KuNCatCaeRK]grYccakbdiX;edaycitþKWemtþa’ pSay

²Rbkbedayemtþa³

edayminmancMENk edayGakar 5 emtþaecetavimutþi pSayeday

:nCaRBHmanRBHPaK

RTg´Rtas´ mþgeT[t kñúgkarpSayedaymincMeBaHnu@H eRBaHsMEdgnUv

mancMENk

briyaymanBaküza ²vibueln d*TUlay³ y¨agenHCaedIm . müa¨g

edayGakar 10 ‘1’ ³ dUecñHç

vijeT[t

tza s&BÞkþI «ti s&BÞkþI

RBHmanRBHPaK minRTg´Rtas´

ehIy mþgeT[t kñúgkarpSaymincMeBaHnu@H dUcCakñúgkarpSaycMeBaH

edayGakar

oEbøkenaHza

edayGMNacénBaküCaeRK]gRtas´Ezm .

²rEmgsMerc

emtþaecetavimutþi

pSayeTAkan´Tis

bNÐitKb|IRCabKuNCatCaeRK]geZVI dl´RBHeyaKI

Gñkmancitþdl´ehIy

nUvGb|na Etbu¨eNÑaHÉg³ k*y¨agenaHEdr .

‘GenaZiesaprNa 5’

eRBaHehtuNa eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbRBHGg<RTg´Rtas´ mþgeT[t za ²mancitþRbkbedayemtþa³ . mYyeT[t RBHGg<RTg´Rtas´BaküenH

7

k*bNþavimutþiTaMgBIrenaH 1- suÇ xuÇ bdiÇ

bNÐit Kb|IRCabemtþaecetavimutþi

PaKTI 71 TMB&rTI 97 .


visuTÆimK< ERb

181

mankarpSayedaymincMeBaH edayGakar;TaMgLay 5 enH KW ‘1’ stVTaMgLayTaMgBYg cUrkMuomaneB[r kMumanBüa:T kMuomanTuk¡ manEtesckþIsux cUrrkSanUvxøÜncuH .

Büa:T kMuomanTuk¡ manEtesckþIsux cUrrkSanUvxøÜncuH . PUtTaMgLayTaMgBYg

cUrkMuomaneB[r

kMumanBüa:T

‘6’ mnusSTaMgLayTaMgBYg cUrkMuomaneB[r kMumanBüa:T

‘7’

stVZøak´kñúgG:yTaMgLayTaMgBYg

cUrkMuomaneB[r

‘TisaprNa 10’ bNÐitKb|IRCabemtþaecetavimutþi

kMuomanTuk¡ manEtesckþIsux cUrrkSanUvxøÜncuH . ‘5’ buK<lTaMgLayTaMgBYg Edlelakrab´bJ©ÚlehIykñúg GtþPaB cUrkMuomaneB[r kMumanBüa:T kMuomanTuk¡ manEtesckþI

manpSayeTAkan´Tis

edayGakar;TaMgLay 10 enH KW ‘1’ stVTaMgLayTaMgBYg kñúgTisxagekIt cUrkMuomaneB[r kMumanBüa:T kMuomanTuk¡ manEtesckþIsux cUrrkSanUvxøÜncuH .

sux cUrrkSanUvxøÜncuH .

‘2’ stVTaMgLayTaMgBYg kñúgTisxaglic cUrkMuomaneB[r

‘OZiesaprNa 7’ bNÐitKb|IRCabemtþaecetavimutþi

manpSayedaycMeBaH

kMumanBüa:T kMuomanTuk¡ manEtesckþIsux cUrrkSanUvxøÜncuH . ‘3’ stVTaMgLayTaMgBYg kñúgTisxageCIg cUrkMuomaneB[r

edayGakar;TaMgLay 7 enH KW cUrkMuomaneB[r

kMumanBüa:T

‘2’ bursTaMgLayTaMgBYg cUrkMuomaneB[r kMumanBüa:T kMuomanTuk¡ manEtesckþIsux cUrrkSanUvxøÜncuH . RBHGriy;TaMgLayTaMgBYg

cUrkMuomaneB[r

kMumanBüa:T kMuomanTuk¡ manEtesckþIsux cUrrkSanUvxøÜncuH . ‘4’ stVTaMgLayTaMgBYg kñúgTisxagt|Úg cUrkMuomaneB[r

kMuomanTuk¡ manEtesckþIsux cUrrkSanUvxøÜncuH .

‘3’

‘5’ eTvtaTaMgLayTaMgBYg cUrkMuomaneB[r kMumanBüa:T

kMumanBüa:T kMuomanTuk¡ manEtesckþIsux cUrrkSanUvxøÜncuH .

‘4’ buK<lTaMgLayTaMgBYg cUrkMuomaneB[r kMumanBüa:T

®sþITaMgLayTaMgBYg

eB[r kMumanBüa:TkMuomanTuk¡ manEtesckþIsux cUrrkSanUvxøÜncuH.

kMuomanTuk¡ manEtesckþIsux cUrrkSanUvxøÜncuH .

kMuomanTuk¡ manEtesckþIsux cUrrkSanUvxøÜncuH .

‘1’

RBhμviharnieTÞs

kMuomanTuk¡ manEtesckþIsux cUrrkSanUvxøÜncuH .

‘2’ stVmanCIvitTaMgLayTaMgBYg cUrkMuomaneB[r kMuman

‘3’

182

kMumanBüa:T kMuomanTuk¡ manEtesckþIsux cUrrkSanUvxøÜncuH . ‘5’ stVTaMgLayTaMgBYg kñúgTisGaeKñy¾ cUrkMuomaneB[r

kMuman

Büa:T kMuomanTuk¡ manEtesckþIsux cUrrkSanUvxøÜncuH . ‘4’ buK<lminEmnCaRBHGriy;TaMgLayTaMgBYgcUrkMuoman

kMumanBüa:T kMuomanTuk¡ manEtesckþIsux cUrrkSanUvxøÜncuH . ‘6’ stVTaMgLayTaMgBYg kñúgTisBay&Bü cUrkMuomaneB[r kMumanBüa:T kMuomanTuk¡ manEtesckþIsux cUrrkSanUvxøÜncuH .


visuTÆimK< ERb

183

‘7’ stVTaMgLayTaMgBYg kñúgTis¤san cUrkMuomaneB[r kMumanBüa:T kMuomanTuk¡ manEtesckþIsux cUrrkSanUvxøÜncuH . ‘8’

stVTaMgLayTaMgBYg

kñúgTisnirtI

cUrkMuomaneB[r

kMumanBüa:T kMuomanTuk¡ manEtesckþIsux cUrrkSanUvxøÜncuH . ‘9’ stVTaMgLayTaMgBYg kñúgTisxageRkam cUrkMuoman eB[r kMumanBüa:T kMuomanTuk¡ manEtesckþIsux cUrrkSaxøÜncuH . ‘10’ stVTaMgLayTaMgBYg kñúgTisxagelI cUrkMuomaneB[r kMumanBüa:T kMuomanTuk¡ manEtesckþIsux cUrrkSanUvxøÜncuH . stVmanCIvitTaMgLayTaMgBYgÇÇÇ

PUtTaMgLayTaMgBYgÇÇÇ

184

RBhμviharnieTÞs

mknUvs&BÞminoesssl´ . buK<lGñkCab´ehIy KW CMBak´ehIy edayq&ÞnraK; kñúgxnÆTaMgLaymanrUbCaedIm eQμaHza stV . sm dUcCaRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´ za ²mñalraZ; esckþIeBjcitþNa esckþIeRtkGrNa

esckþIrIkrayNa

esckþIR:zñaNa

buK<lEdlCab´enA

kñúgesckþIeBjcitþCaedImenaH

kñúgrUb

CMBak´enA

kñúg

esckþIeBjcitþCaedImenaH ehtuenaH elakehAza stVç esckþI eBjcitþNa esckþIeRtkGrNa esckþIrIkrayNa esckþIR:zña Na kñúgevTnaÇÇÇkñúgsJ¦aÇÇÇkñúgsg¡arÇÇÇkñúgviJ¦aN buK<lEdlCab´ enAkñúgesckþIeBjcitþCaedImenaH

CMBak´enAkñúgesckþIeBjcitþCa

buK<lTaMgLayTaMgBYgÇÇÇBYkstVEdlelakrab´bJ©ÚlGtþPaBTaMg

edImenaH eRBaHehtuenaH elakehAza stV ‘1’ ³ dUecñH . Eteday

LayTaMgBYgÇÇÇ kñúgTisxagekItÇÇÇ BYk®sIþTaMgLayTaMgBYgÇÇÇburs

s&BÞEdleRbIedayedrdas evaharza ‘stV’ enH RbRBwtþeTA kñúg

TaMgLayTaMgBYgÇÇÇ

buK<lTaMgLayEdlmanraK;eTAR:sehIypgEdr

RBHGriy;TaMgLayTaMgBYgÇÇÇ

Griy;TaMgLayTaMgBYgÇÇÇ

BYkminEmnRBH

eTvtaTaMgLayTaMgBYgÇÇÇ

mnusSTaMg

.

dUcevahar

za pøitsøwketñat RbRBwtþeTAkñúgpøitd*viess EdlsMercGMBIbenÞaH

LayTaMgBYgÇÇÇ BYkvini:tik;TaMgBYg kñúgTisxagekIt cUrkMuoman

énb\sSI dUecñaH .

eB[r kMumanBüa:T kMuomanTuk¡ manEtesckþIsux cUrrkSaxøÜncuH .

BicarNanUvesckþI k*RtUvkar za ²BaküzastVenH RKan´EtCaeQμaH

stVmanCIvitTaMgLayTaMgBYg

.l.

®sþITaMgLayTaMg

BYg .l. vini:tik;TaMgLayTaMgBYg kñúgTisxaglicÇÇ kñúgTis

cMENkxag GñkKitKUrGMBIGk¡r;TaMgLay min

bu¨eNÑaH³ . cMENkÉGacarüBYkNaR:zñanUvesckþI GacarüBYkenaH R:zñaesckþIza ²eQμaHza stV eRBaHRbkbedaykarCab´CMBak´³ .

xageCIgÇÇÇkñúgTisxagt|ÚgÇÇkñúgTisGaeKñy¾ÇÇÇkñúgTisxaglicÇÇÇkñúg

stVTaMgLay eQμaHzamanCIvit eRBaHPav;énstVmanxül´

TisxageCIgÇÇÇ kñúgTisnirtIÇÇÇ kñúgTisxageRkamÇÇÇ kñúgTisxagelI

degIØm GZib|ayza eRBaHkiriyaRbRBwtiþeTACab´mindac´kñúgxül´degIØm

cUrkMuomaneB[r kMumanBüa:T kMuomanTuk¡ manEtesckþIsux cUr

ecj nig xül´degIØmcUl .

rkSanUvxøÜncuH ³ . kñúgbTTaMgenaH bTza ²seBV³ enaH CaBaküsMrab´RbmUl

eQμaHza BYkPUt eRBaHPav;énstVTaMgenaHCastVekItehIy 1- suÇ sMÇ xÇ

PaKTI 34 TMB&rTI 73 .


visuTÆimK< ERb GZib|ayza

eRBaHPav;énstVenaH

185

ekItRBmehIy

KWekItZMZat´

eLIgehIy . niiry;

186

RBhμviharnieTÞs

TaMgLaymanBaküza ²stþa :Na³ dUecñHCaedIm eRBaHRtwmEt Baküpøas´bþÚrEtbu¨eNÑaHç ebItamBiteTA cg´:nnUvBaküepSg> Et

elakehAza

buM

BYkstVNa

elbcUleTA

kñúg

müa¨g tamesckþIGZib|aypgEdrç mtirbs´GacarüTaMgenaH bNÐit

niry;EdlehAza bMu enaH eRBaHehtuenaH BYkstVenaH eQμaHza

eBalza ²pSayeTA edaymincMeBaH³ . eRBaHehtuenaH RBHeyaKI

buK<lç GZib|ayza BYkstVenaH EtgeTA .

minKYrkan´yknUvesckþI edayRbkardUecñaH Kb|IpSayemtþa eday

ragkay elakehAza GtþPaB ßza xnÆTaMg 5 hñwgÉg elakehAzaGtþPaBç Baküza GtþPaBenH KWRKan´EtCaBakübJ¦tiþ eRBaHsMedAykxnÆR:MenaH tamsPav;ç stVTaMgLayEdlelak

mincMeBaH edayGMNacénGakar;NamYy kñúgGakar;TaMg 5 enH .

‘Gb|na 528’ k*kñúgbTmatikaTaMgn@uH matikaenH za ²seBV stþa Gevra

stVTaMgLay

ehanþú³ dUecñH eQμaHza CaGb|na 1 . matikaenH za ²GBüabCÄa

enaH eTIbeQμaHza GtþPavbriyabnñaç GZib|ayza ²sPav;TaMg

ehanþú³ dUecñH eQμaHza CaGb|na 1 . Baküaza ²GBüabCÄa³

LayEdlelakkMNt´ehIy

esckþIza EdlR:scakesckþIBüa:T . matikaenHza ²GnIXa

rab´bJ©ÚlehIy

kñúgGtþPaBenaH

eRBaHehtuenaH

eQμaHza

KWelakrab´bJ©ÚlehIy

ehanþú³ dUecñH eQμaHza CaGb|na 1 .

KWCab´cUlehIy BÆd*xagkñúg³ dUecñH .

bTza ²GnIXa³ KW min

k*Baküza ²BYkstV³ dUecñH y¨agNa sUm|IBaküd*ess

manTuk¡ . matikaza ²suxI GtþanM brihrnþú³ dUecñH eQμaHza Ca

TaMgLay k*y¨agdUecñaHEdrç BaküTaMgGs´enHhñwgÉg bNÐitKb|I

Gb|na 1 . eRBaHehtuenaH bNþabTTaMgenH bTNa> CabT

RCabza ²CaBaküpøas´bÚþr énstVTaMgGs´ eRBaHelIkeLIg eday

R:kd RBHeyaKIKb|IpSayemtþa edayGMNacénbTenaH> cuH . edayn&ydUcer[brab´mkenH Gb|na kñúgkarpSay eday

GMNacéns&BÞEdleRbIjwkjy³ . sUm|IBaküTaMgLaydéTza ²seBV CnþÚ seBV CIva³ dUecñH

mincMeBaH man 20 edayGMNacénGb|naTaMgLay 4 kñúgGakar;

CaedIm CaBaküpøas´bÚþrénstVTaMgGs´EtgmaneT[tk*BitEmnehIy

TaMgLay 5 . cMENk kñúgkarpSayedaycMeBaH manGb|na 28

ebITukCadUecñaHk*eday RBHmanRBHPaKRtas´za ²emtþa ecetavimutþi

edayGMNacénGb|naTaMgLay 4 kñúgGakar;TaMgLay 7 .

mankiriyapSayeTA

edaymincMeBaH

edayGakar;TaMgLay

eRBaHkan´yknUvGakar;TaMg 5 enHÉg edayGMNacén‘Gakar;TaMg 5 enaH’ CaBaküR:kd .

ebIBYkGacarüNa minRtUvkardl´Bakü

k*kñúgGakar;TaMg 7 enaH bTza ²BYk®sþI BYkburs³ RBH manRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´ehIy edayGMNacénlig<ç bTza ²BYkRBH Griy; BYkminEmnRBHGriy;³ RTg´Rtas´edayGMNacénRBHGriy;


visuTÆimK< ERb

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188

RBhμviharnieTÞs

nig buzuC¢nç bTza ²BYkeTvta BYkmnusS BYkvini:tik;³ RTg´

záÚr Bt´ ‘xøÜn’ bRmHnen[leTAmkCaTuk¡ y¨agNamijç buK<lGñk

Rtas´ehIy edayGMNacénkMeNItekItÉg .

cMerInemtþaecetavimutþi minP\ak´eLIg y¨agdUecñaHeT rEmgP\ak´eLIg Ca

cMENkkñúgkarpSayeTAkan´Tis Gb|na mandl´eTA 480 KW 200 eRBaHeZVInUvGb|naTaMgLay 20 > kñúgTismYynigmYy

sux KWminmanGakar;xusEbøk dUcp,aQUkEdlkMBugEtrIk dUecñaH . bTza ²minsubinGaRkk´³ esckþIza buK<lGñkcMerInemtþa-

edayGMNacénn&ymann&yza ²seBV burtæimay Tisay stþa³

ecetavimutþienaH

dUecñHCaedIm KW 280 eRBaHeZVInUvGb|naTaMgLay 28 > kñúgTis

Etmüa¨gbu¨eNÑaH hak´dUcCakMBugzVaybg<MRBHectiy dUcCakMBugeZVI

mYy nig mYy edayn&ymann&yza ²sBVa burtæimay Tisay

karbUCa nig dUcCakMBugsþab´RBHZm( . cMENkxag BYkbuK<ldéT

«tæieya³ dUecñHCaedIm .

eXIjnUvxøÜn

ebIrYbrYmeTA

Gb|naTaMgGs´hñwgÉg

RtUvCaGb|na

528

EdlRBHZmμesnabtI eBalehIy kñúgbdismÖiTa dUecñHÉg .

‘EkGtæemtþanisgS’ RBHeyaKavcrenH énGb|naNamYy

luHcMerInemtþaecetavimutþi

kñúgcMeNamGb|naTaMgenH

edayGMNac

dUc:nBN(namk

sUm|Iyl´subin

k*rEmgyl´eXIjsubinEdllÁ

hak´bIdUcCaRtUvBYkecarB&TÆcab´pg

hak´bIdUcCaRtUv

BYkRmwKsahavcUleTARbTUsþpg nig hak´bIdUcCakMBugZøak´cuHeTA kñúgeRCaHpg y¨agNamijç buK<lGñkcMerInnUvemtþaecetavimutþi min subinGaRkk´ y¨agdUecñaHeT . bTza

²CaTIRsLaj´énBYkmnusS³

cMerInemtþaecetavimutþienaH

esckþIza

rEmgCaTIRsLaj´

buK<lGñk

KWCaTIeBjcitþ

én

ehIyenH rEmg:nnUvGanisgS 11 y¨ag EdlRBHmanRBHPaK

mnusSTaMgLay hak´bIdUcCaEkvmukþasMrab´Bak´Rtg´RTUg nig hak´

RTg´Rtas´ehIy edayn&yza ²GñkcMerInemtþaecetavimutþi rEmgedk

bIdUcCap,akRmgsMrab´Rbdab´BÆd*k|al y¨agdUecñaH . bTza ²CaTIRsLaj´énBYkGmnusS³ esckþIza buK<lGñk

lk´RsYl³ dUecñHCaedIm . kñúgGanisgS 11 y¨agenaH bTza ²rEmgedklk´RsYl³ manesckþIza

CnTaMgLayd*ess

rEmgedklk´

bRmHnen[l

Rsmuk CaTuk¡ y¨agNamijç buK<lGñk:nemtþaecetavimutþi minedk lk´ y¨agenaHeT rEmgedklk´RsYl sUm|IcUldl´karlg´lk´ ehIy k*hak´bIdUcCacUlsmabtþiGIcwg . bTza ²P\ak´eLIgCasux³ esckþIza BYkCndéT P\ak´eLIg

cMerInemtþaecetavimutþienaH

rEmgCaTIRsLaj´

énmnusSTaMgLay

y¨agNamijç k*rEmgCaTIRsLaj´ énGmnusSTaMgLay k*y¨ag dUecñaHEdr eRb[bdUcCaRBHezr; eQμaH visax; .

‘er]gRBHvisaxetær’ :n»mkza RBHezr; eQμaHvisax;enaH :nCakudum¬Ik¾ enA kñúgTIRkug:dlIbuRt .

kudum¬Ik¾enaH

kalenA kñúgTIRkug:dlIbuRt


visuTÆimK< ERb

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190

RBhμviharnieTÞs

enaHÉg :ndwgBt(manza ²»mkza tm¬bNÑTVIb RtUveKtak´Etg

visaxPikú¡enaH manvsSaRKb´ 5 ehIy eZVImatika 2 osÞat´ luH

ehIy edaykRmgp,akñúgectiy d*ruger]g edaysMBt´kasav; Gñk

bvrNaehIy k*er[nnUvkmμdðanCaTIsb|aydl´xøÜn eZVIExTaMgLay

Nak*eday GacedIm|IGg<úykþI edkkþI kúñgTIenaH CaTIEdlxøÜnRtUvkar

bYn kñúgvtþmYy> oCabYn> Ex enAbMeBjvtþRbtibtþi y¨agesμI .

ehIy> hñwgÉg esckþIsb|ayRKb´y¨ag KW ótusb|ay esnasnsb|ay buK<lsb|ay ZmμsSvnsb|ay KWeKrk:neday RsYl kñúgTIenaH .

kudum¬Ik¾enaH RbKl´KMnrePaK;rbs´xøÜn odl´

buRt nig Priya manEtmYykhabN;bu¨eNÑaHÉg EdlxøÜnevcRtg´ CaysMBt´ cakecjGMBIpÞH rgcaMnava Rtg´eqñrénsmuRT enAehIy Gs´mYyEx . KYroesáIcEmn eRBaHKat´CaGñkqøatkñúgevahar Kat´ TijPNÐ; Ek|rTVarenH ykeTAlk´Ek|rTVarÉenaH eTIbsEnSsnSM nUvRTBü:nmYyBan´khabN;

edayrvagmYyEx

Edlrg´caMnava

enaHÉg edaykarCYjERbEdlRbkbedayZm( . Kat´k*:nmkdl´ mhavihar edaylMdab´ehIyk*:nsUmpñÜs . Kat´RtUvBYkPikú¡naM ykeTAkan´sIma edIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´karsagpñÜs :nTmøak´nUvzg´ R:k´mYyBan´khabN;enaH Rtg´TIkEnøgtamcenøaHRkvileLvç luH dl´BYkPikú¡sYrza ²mYyenHKWCaGVI/³ k*eqøIyTUlza ²bBiRtRBHKuN

luHdl´RBHezr;eQμaHvisax;

kalRbRBwtþy¨agenH

fitenA Rtg´cenøaHénéRB EsVgrknUvKuN rbs´xøÜn kalbnøW

k*:neBalesckþIenHza

GatμaGjóbsm|nñehIy

²drabtaMgEt

drabtaMgEtGatμaGj

mkehIykñúgTIenH esckþIPøaMgPøat´ kñúgcenøaH kñúg éRBenH minmaneT mñalGñkniT(uk¡TaMgLay man laPTaMgLayGVIemø¨HeT³ . RBHezr;enaH kaleTAkan´vtþeQμaHcitþlbB(t :neTAdl´pøÚvEbk Ca 2 ehIy QrKitza ²pøÚvenHßhñ@ ßk*pøÚvenH³ . RKaenaH eTvta EdlGaRs&yenAelIPñMrbs´elak k*laédcgÁúlR:b´za ²pøÚvnu@H³ . RBHezr;enaH enAelIcitþlbB(t Gs´ 4 Ex Kitza ²GatμaGjnwg eTA kñúgeBleT[bPøW³ ehIyk*siglk´eTA . eTvtaEdlGaRs&y

m©as´d*cMerIn KWkhabN;mYyBan´³ RtUvBYkPikú¡R:b´za ²Enó:sk

enAelIedImc&nÞn¾eTs elIk|alénTIc®g,m Gg<úyxSwkxSÜlehIyelI

cab´edImGMBIkalEdlGñkbYsehIy

edIm|Icayvay

kaMCeNþIr . RBHezr;sYrza ²GñkNan@uH/³ . eTvtaeqøIyza ²bBiRt

va:neT «LÚvenHÉg cUrGñkcayvayvacuH³ dUecñHehIy k*Rbkas

RBHKuNm©as´ x\úMeQμaHmNily;³ . RBHezr;sYrza ²GñkyMedIm|I

za

rbs´ó:sk

GñkN/³ . eTvtaeqøIyza ²eRBaHGaRs&ykarnimnþeTAénRBHKuN

eQμaHvisax;ehIy kMumanédTeT eTAvijeLIy³ dUecñHehIy k*:n

m©as´³ . RBHezr;sYrza ²kalGatμaenAkñúgTIenH etImanKuNdUc

Rsayerayray eT[beragsIma bYsehIy:nóbsm|TaehIy .

emþc dl´Gñk/³ . eTvtaeqøIyza ²bBiRtRBHKuNm©as´ kalebIRBH

GñkminGac

²mnusSTaMgLayEdlmkkan´TIkEnøgsagpñÜs


visuTÆimK< ERb

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192

RBhμviharnieTÞs

KuNm©as´enAkñúgTIenH BYkmnusS Etg:nnUvemtþadl´KñanwgKñaç kñúg

GZib|ayza ²ePøIgkþI zñaMBiskþI eRK]gs®sþavuZkþI júaMgkay rbs´

kal«LÚvenH BYkmnusSTaMgenaH kalebIRBHKuNm©as´ nimnþeTA

GñkmankiriyaenAedayemtþaenaH

ehIy nwgeZVInUvCMelaH nwgeBalnUvBaküEdlGaRkk´³ . RBHezr;

kñúger]génGñkmankiriyaenAedayemtþaenH bNÐitKb|IsMEdgnUver]g

eBalza ²RbsinebI kalGatμa enAkñúgTIenH karenACasuxsb|ay

emeKapgk*:n .

okeRmIkmin:neT³

.

tYy¨ag

kñúg

:n»mkza emeKamYyk|alkMBugEtQrbgØÚrnUvTénTwkedaH

citþlbB(tenaHÉg Gs´ 4 Ex eT[t ehIyjúaMgcitþKitnwgeTA o

Rss´dl´kUneKa . RBanmñak´ Kitza ²Gjnwgsmøab´emeKaenaH³

ekIteLIg y¨agdUecñaHÉg mþgeT[t . ÉeTvta k*yMehIy eday

tMrg´edayédehIy k*BYylMEBgEdlmandgEvgeTA . lMEBgenaH

RbkardUecñaHmþgeT[tEdr . RBHezr; enAehIy kñúgcitþlbB(tenaH

eTAb¨HnUvsrIr;emeKaenaHehIy k*rbUteTAehIy dUcCasøwketñat .

dEdl edayó:yenH briniBVanehIy kñúgcitþlbB(tenaHÉg .

lMEBgenaH eTAputehIy eRBaHPav;énemeKaenaH CastVmanesckþI

Pikú¡Gk ñ mankiriyaenAedayemtþa rEmgCaTIRsLaj´ énGmnusSTaMg

RsLaj´d*mankMLaMg kñúgkUneKaEtbu¨eNÑaH minEmnedaykMLaMg én

Lay y¨agenHÉg .

óbcar; minEmnedaykMLaMgénGb|naeTç emtþa manGanuPaBeRcIn

Etgman

dl´GñkTaMgLayç

nu@HCakarEdllÁ³

ehIyk*enA

bTza ²eTvta EtgrkSa³ esckþIza BYkeTvta EtgEzrkSa

y¨agenHÉg . bTza ²buK<lenaH tMkl´citþenAnwgd*qab´rh&s³ esckþIza

dUcCamata nig bitaTaMgLay rkSanUvbuRt y¨agenaHÉg . bTza ²ePøIgkþI zñaMBiskþI eRK]gs®sþavuZkþI minb¨HBal´dl´ GñkEdlenAedayemtþaenaH³ esckþIza ePøIgkþI minrlak KWminb¨H Bal´ kñúgkay rbs´GñkmankiriyaenAedayemtþa dUcCaePøIg min

citþ

rbs´buK<lGñkenAedayemtþa

rEmgtaMgenAmaMqab´Pøamç

PaB

yWtyUr éncitþCasmaZienaH minman . bTza ²mansm|úrmuxRss´bs´³ esckþIza k*mux rbs´

rlakdl´ó:sikaeQμaHótþradUecñaHç zñaMBiskþI minrlak KWmincUl

buK<lGñkenAedayemtþaenaH

eTA kñúgkay rbs´GñkmankiriyaenAedayemtþa dUcCazñaMBis min

EdlrelHcakTg .

Camuxmansm|úrd*zøa

dUcCaEpøetñatTMu

cUleTA kñúgkay rbs´RBHcULsivetær GñkeBalKm¬IrsMyutþnikay

bTza ²minvegVgeZVImrNkal³esckþIza ZmμtaesckþIsøab´

dUecñaHç eRK]gs®sþavuZkþI minb¨HBal´ KWmincUleTA kñúgkay rbs´

edaykarvegVgvgVn´ minman dl´buK<lGñkenAedayemtþaeTç buK<l

GñkEdlmankiriyaenAedayemtþaenaH dUcCaeRK]gs®sþavuZ minb¨H

GñkenAedayemtþa minvegVgvgVn´eLIy eZVImrNkal dUcCabuK<l

Bal´ kñúgkay rbs´sMkic©sameNr y¨agdUecñaHÉg .

kMBugedklk´ y¨agenaHÉg .

manBakü


visuTÆimK< ERb

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194

RBhμviharnieTÞs

bTza ²kalebIminTan´:nRtas´dwgnUvmK<pleT³ esckþI

Lay kMBugeZVIsMeLgzáÚr Kb|IjúaMgkruNa oRbRBwtþeTA muneKTaMg

za buK<lGñkenAedayemtþaenaH kalminGac edIm|IRtas´dwgnUvRBH

Gs´ za ²Ohñ@ stVenH dl´ehIynUvesckþIlM:k eZVIdUcemþceTAhñ@

Grhtþ d*x¬g´x¬s´ Cagemtþasmabtþi:neT luHcüútcakGtþPaBenH

stVenH Kb|IrYccakesckþITuk¡enH:n³ dUecñH eRBaHelak:neBal

rEmgcUleTAkan´RBhμelak dUcCalk´ehIyP\ak´eLIgy¨agdUecñaH .

ehIy kñúgviPg< za ²cuHPikú¡ mancitþRbkbedaykruNa pSayeTA

enHCakza y¨agBisþar kñúgemtþaPavna .

kan´Tis 1 sRmanþenA etIdUcemþc . buK<l eXIjnUvbuK<lmñak´ Ca

‘kruNaRBhμvihar’

GñkRkIRk dl´nUvesckþIlM:k ehIypSaykruNa y¨agNamijç

‘188’ cMENkxag RBHeyaKIGñkR:zñaedIm|IcMerInnUvkruNa Kb|IBicarNanUveTas

énkarminmankruNapg

nig

Pikú¡ pSaykruNa cMeBaHBYkstVTaMgBYg k*y¨agenaHÉg ‘1’ ³ .

nUvGanisgS

RBHeyaKI kalmin:n nUvbuK<lEdldl´ehIy nUvesckþI

énkruNapgehIy cab´epþImcMerInkruNaRBhμvihar . k*RBHeyaKI

lM:kenaHeT sUm|IbuK<lEdldl´ehIynUvesckþIsux EtCaGñkeZVI

kalcab´epþImcMerIn nUvkruNaenaH minRtUvcab´epþIm kñúgbuK<lEdl

nUvGMeBIGaRkk´

maneTasdl´Pavna manbuK<lEdlCaTIRsLaj´CaedIm muneT .

EdleKnwgsmøab´ Camun .

eRBaHza esckþIRsLaj´ EtgfitenAkñúgfan;CaTIRsLaj´hñwgÉgç

eRb[bdUcCaBYkraCburs cgnUvecarEdlxøÜncab´:nehIy RBmTaMg

buK<lCasMLaj´CaTIRsLaj´éRkeBk EtgfitenAkñúgfan;énbuK<l

RTBü tamRBHGaC\aénesþcza ²GñkTaMgLaycUrsmøab´nUvecarenaH³

CasMLaj´CaTIRsLaj´éRkeBkEmnBitç buK<lCakNþal Etgfit

dUecñHehIy onUvkarRbharTaMgLay nimitþrMBat´ 4 > naMeTAkan´

enAkñúgfan;CakNþalhñwgÉgç buK<lminCaTIRsLaj´ EtgfitenA

TIsMrab´smøab´ç BYkmnusS onUvxaTnIy;xøH ePaCnIy;xøH kRmg

kñúgfan;minCaTIRsLaj´EmnBitç buK<lCasRtUv EtgfitenA kñúg

p,axøH eRK]gRkGUbxøH eRK]glabxøH nig søamøÚxøH dl´ecarenaHç

fan;CasRtUvEmnBit. PaBénbuK<lGñkmanePTxusKña nig buK<l

ecarenaHkalTMBasuI nig eRbIR:s´nUvvtæúTaMgenaH hak´dUcCadl´

Edlsøab´ehIy minEmnCaextþEdn ‘EdlRtUvpSaykruNa’ eT .

ehIynUvesckþIsux EqÁts,b´s,l´ehIyedayePaK; edIreTA k*Bit

bu¨EnþebIRBHeyaKI

CaGñkEdlKYro

EmnehIy EtebITukCadUecñaH GñkNamYy k*minsm<al´esaHnUvecar

GaNitGasUr manrUbragEbøk dl´nUvesckþIlM:kéRkElg CaGñk

enaH za ²Ohñ@ ecarenH dl´ehIynUvesckþIsux manePaK;eRcIn³

TUK(t

dUecñHeTç edayBiteTA CnEtgGaNit nUvecarenaH za ²ecarenHCa

eXIjnUvbursNamYyhñwgÉg

manrUbGaRkk´ CamnusSkMRBa kMbutédeCIg dak´GMEbgBImux

edkelIsalaKμanTIBwg manhVÚgdg,ÚvkMBugvarecj

tamédeCIgTaMg

1- GPiÇ viÇ

k*Kb|IpSaykruNa:nEdr

eRBaHeRb[bpÞwmnwgecar

sYrza ²eRb[bdUcemþc/ ³ .

PaKTI 82 TMB&rTI 315 .

eqøIyza


visuTÆimK< ERb

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196

RBhμviharnieTÞs

mnusSKYroRseNaHGaNit nwgsøab´ kñúgkal«LÚvenH eRBaHza

za

ecarenH QannUvCMhanNak*eday rEmgmandl´esckþIsøab´ kñúg

k*bu¨Enþ eQμaHzaCaGñkdl´ehIy nUvesckþITuk¡edayBit eRBaHCaGñk

TICitbeg,IyedayCMhanenaH > ³ dUecñH y¨agNamijç sUm|IbuK<l

minknøgnUvvdþTuk¡:n³ dUecñHehIy Kb|IeZVIsImsemÖT kñúgCnTaMg

Gñkdl´ehIynUvesckþIsux

Kb|I

Lay 4 KW kñúgxøÜnÉg 1 kñúgbuK<lCaTIRsLaj´ 1 kñúgbuK<lCa

pSaykruNa:n y¨agenH za ²buK<lenH CaGñkrehmrham kñúg

kNþal 1 kñúgbuK<lmaneB[r 1 tamn&yEdlelakeBalehIy

kal«LÚvenH CaGñkmanesckþIsux cat´EcglÁehIy eRbIR:s´nUv

enaHÉg ehIyesB cMerIn eZVIoeRcInnUvnimitþenaH Kb|IcMerInGb|na

ePaK;TaMgLay k*BitEmnehIy EtebITukCadUecñaHk*eday eK nwg

edayGMNacéntik,CÄan nig ctuk,CÄan tamn&yEdlelakeBal

TTYlTuk¡eTamnsS manRbmaNmintic kñúgG:yTaMgLay kñúg

ehIy kñúgemtþaPavna kMuxan .

k*Pikú¡GñkRbkbnUvkruNakmμdðan

kal«LÚvenH eRBaHkarminmanklüaNkmμ

²buK<lenH

sUm|IminmanesckþIvinascakjatiCaedImTaMgenaH

EdlxøÜn:neZVIehIy

EtkñúgGdðkzaénGg<útþrnikay RBHGdðkzacarü eBallMdab´

sUm|IedayTVarmYy kñúgcMeNamTVarTaMgbI³ dUecñH k*y¨agdUecñaHEdrç

enHza ²buK<lmaneB[r RBHeyaKIKb|IpSaykruNa muneK RtUveZVI

luHkruNakmμdðanikPikú¡enaH :npSaykruNacMeBaHbuK<lenaH y¨ag

citþoTn´

dUecñHehIy bnÞab´mk Kb|IjúaMgkruNa oRbRBwtþeTA tamlMdab´

buK<lTuK(t tmk obuK<lCaTIRsLaj´ tmk pSayoxøÜnÉg³

dUecñH KW kñúgbuK<lEdlCaTIRsLaj´ tmk kñúgbuK<lCakNþal

dUecñH .

tmk

CaedImeT . eRBaHehtuenaH RBHeyaKI Kb|IR:rBÆnUvPavna kñúg

kñúgbuK<lGñkmaneB[r

edayó:yenHÉg

.

k*RbsinebI

kñúgbuK<lmaneB[renaHehIy

Kb|IpSaykruNa

odl´

lMdab´enaH minsmtam:LI za ²TuK<tM TurUebtM³ dUecñH

esckþIzñaMgzñak´ kñúgbuK<lmaneB[r ekIteLIg dl´kruNakmμdðanik-

kruNakmμdðanenaH

Pik¡úenaH

kñúgkalmunk*eday

eZVInUvsImsemÖT ehIycMerInGb|na . bnÞab´GMBIenaHmk RBHeyaKI

kruNakmμdðanikPikú¡enaH RtUvjúaMgesckþIzñaMgzñak´enaH osáb´rmáab´

Kb|IRCabGb|na eQμaHvikuBVnaenH za ²karpSay edaymincMeBaH

tamn&yEdlelakeBalehIy kñúgemtþaPavnahñwgÉg . mYyeT[t

edayGakar;TaMgLay 5 karpSayedaycMeBaH edayGakar;TaMg

kñúgkarpSaykruNaenH RBHeyaKI eXIjkþI »kþI sUm|InUvbuK<lEdl

Lay 7 karpSayeTAkan´Tis edayGakar;TaMgLay 10³ nig

eZVIesckþIlÁehIy mkCYbRbTH edayesckþIvinasNamYy bNþa

GanisSTaMgLay manGanisgS za ²edklk´RsYl³ dUecñHCaedIm

esckþIvinasTaMgLaymanvinascakjati vinaseRBaHeraK vinas

tamn&yEdlelakeBalehIy kñúgemtþaPavnaenaHÉg .

tamn&yEdlelak:neBalehIy

cakRTBüCaedIm ehIypSaykruNa edayRbkarTaMgBYg y¨agenH

tamn&yEdlelakeBalehIyenaHÉg

enHCakzaBisþar kñúgkruNaPavna .

ehIy


visuTÆimK< ERb

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‘muTitaRBhμvihar’

198

muTitaRBhμvihar

RBHeyaKIenaH CaGñkmanesckþIsux kñúgGtItkal bu¨Enþ«LÚvenH

‘189’ RBHeyaKI sUm|IkalR:rBÆmuTitaPavna k*minKb|I

CaGñkTuK(t CaGñklM:kéRkeBkç RBHeyaKI Kb|IrMlwker]y> nUv

R:rBÆ kñúgbuK<lEdlmaneTasdl´PavnaTaMgLay manbuK<lCaTI

PaBénbuK<lenaHCaGñkdl´ehIy nUvesckþIsuxEdlknøgeTAehIy

RsLaj´CaedImmuneT

minEmn

enaHÉg ehIykan´yk nUvGakar;KWkarrIkraycitþ rbs´buK<lenaH

edayRtwmEtPaBCaTIRsLaj´

Ég za ²kñúgkalknøgeTAehIy buK<lenHCaGñkmanePaK;eRcIn Ca

CaehtuCaTItaMg

.

eRBaHza

énPaBCacitþTn´

buK<lCaTIRsLaj´

bu¨eNÑaHeT BMucaM:c´niyayzVI dl´buK<lCakNþal nig buK<lman

GñkmanbrivareRcIn

eB[r . PaBénbuK<lxusePTKña nig buK<leZVImrNkal minEmn

júaMgmuTita oekIteLIg .

CaextþEdn ‘EdlcMerInmuTita’ dUcKñaEdr . ÉbuK<lCasMLaj´CaTI

Gakar;KWkarrIkraycitþ rbs´buK<lenaH EdlCaGnaKtehIy júaMg

RsLaj´éRkeBk Kb|ICaehtuCaTItaMg:n . eRBaHza buK<lenaH

muTita oekIteLIg za ²kñúgGnaKt buK<lenH :nnUvsm|tþienaH

EdlRBHGdðkzacarü eBalehIykñúgGdðkza za ²buK<lCasMLaj´

mþgeT[t nwgRtac´eTA edayyanviessTaMgLay manelI-k dMrI

CaGñkelg³ dUecñH CaGñkrIkraysb|ayEmnBit esIcmunehIy

elIxñgesH nig elIGRgwgCavikarénmasCaedIm³ dUecñH . luHRBH

eTIbniyay

buK<lCa

eyaKIenaH júaMgmuTitacitþoekIteLIg kñúgbuK<lCaTIRsLaj´ y¨ag

sMLaj´CaGñkelgenaH RBHeyaKI Kb|IpSaymuTitamuneK . RBH

enHehIy bnÞab´mk RtUvjúaMgmuTitaoRbRBwtþeTA tamlMdab´ y¨ag

eyaKI eXIjkþI »kþI nUvbuK<lCaTIRsLaj´kþI nUvbuK<lEdldl´nUv

enH KWkñúgbuK<lCakNþal tmk kñúgbuK<lmaneB[r . EtRbsinebI

esckþIsuxkþI

Kb|IjúaMg

bdiX; kñúgbuK<lmaneB[r ekIteLIg dl´RBHeyaKIenaH tamn&y

muTita oekIteLIg za ²Ohñ@ stVenHrIkrayNas´etI Ohñ@ lÁEmn

EdlelakeBalehIy kñúgkalmunenaHÉgç RBHeyaKI Kb|IjúaMg

Ohñ@ RbéBBitEmn³ dUecñH . EmnBit RBHZmμesnabtI GaRs&ynUv

bdiX;enaHosáb´rmáab´

GMNacénRbeyaCn¾enHÉg eTIbeBalehIykñúgviPg<za ²cuHPikú¡man

PavnaenaHÉg

citþRbkbedaymuTita pSayeTAkan´Tis 1 sRmanþenA etIdUcemþc

kñúgCnTaMgLay 4 KW kñúgbuK<lTaMgbIenHpg nig kñúgxøÜnÉgpg

KWbuK<leXIjbuK<lmñak´ CaTIRsLaj´CaTIeBjcitþ ehIyCaGñkrIk

ehIyesB cMerIn eZVIoeRcIn nUvnimitþenaH Kb|IcMerInGb|na eday

ray y¨agNa Pikú¡pSaymuTitacMeBaHstVTaMgBYg k*y¨agenaHEdr .

GMNacéntik,CÄan ‘kñúgctuk,n&y’ nig ctuk,CÄan ‘kñúgbJ©k,n&y’

RbsinebIbuK<lCasMLaj´CaGñkelg ß buK<lCaTIRsLaj´ rbs´

tamn&yEdleBalehIy kñúgemtþaPavnaenaHÉg . bnÞab´GMBIenaH

CaxageRkay

eRBaHehtuenaH

nUvbuK<lsþúksþmÖkþI

müa¨geT[t

EdlkMBugEtrIkray

CaGñkmancitþrIkrayCanic©³

dUecñHehIy

Kb|I

müa¨geT[t RBHeyaKIKb|Ikan´yk nUv

tamn&yEdlelakeBalehIy kñúgemtþa

ehIyeZVInUvsImsemÖT

edayPaBCaGñkmancitþesμI


visuTÆimK< ERb

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200

óebk¡aRBhμvihar

RBHeyaKI Kb|IRCabGb|na eQμaHvikuBVnaenH za ²karpSay eday

CaTIKab´citþk*minEmn

minCaTIKab´citþk*minEmn

Kb|ICaGñkRBegIy

mincMeBaH edayGakar;TaMgLay 5 karpSayedaycMeBaH eday

kenþIy y¨agNa Pikú¡pSayóebk¡a cMeBaHBYkstVTaMgBYg k*y¨ag

Gakar;TaMgLay 7 karpSayeTAkan´Tis edayGakar;TaMgLay

enaHEdr³ . eRBaHehtuenaH RBHeyaKI luHjúaMgóebk¡aoekIteLIg

10 ³ nig GanisSTaMgLay manGanisgS za ²edklk´RsYl³

kñúgbuK<lCakNþal tamn&yEdlelak:neBalehIy bnÞab´mk

dUecñHCaedIm tamn&yEdleBalehIy kñúgemtþaPavnaenaHÉg .

Kb|IjúaMgóebk¡aoekIteLIgkñúgbuK<lCaTIRsLaj´

bnÞab´mk

kñúg

enHCakzaBisþar kñúgmuTitaPavna .

buK<lCasMLaj´CaGñkelg bnÞab´mk kñúgbuK<lmaneB[r y¨agenH

‘óebk¡aRBhμvihar’

ehIy Kb|IeZVInUvsImsemÖT edayGMNacén‘kareZVIcitþ’CakNþal

‘190’ cMENkxagRBHeyaKI GñkmanR:zñaedIm|IR:rBÆ nUv

kñúgbuK<lTaMgBYg KW kñúgbuK<lTaMgLaybIenH EdleBalmkehIy

óebk¡aPavna CaGñk:nQanTI 3 nig TI 4 kñúgPavnaTaMgLay

pg kñúgxøÜnÉgpg ehIyKb|IesB cMerIn eZVIoeRcIn nUvnimitþenaH .

manemtþaPavnaCaedIm ecjcakttiyCÄanEdlsÞat´ehIy eXIj

kalRBHeyaKIenaH eZVIy¨agenH ctutæCÄan rEmgekIteLIg tamn&y

nUveTas kñúgPavnaTaMgLayxagedIm eRBaHPav;énPavnaenaHRbkb

EdlelakeBalehIy kñúgbfvIksiNenaHÉg .

edaykareZVITukkñúgcitþ EdlRbRBwtþeTA edayesckþIRsLaj´ kñúg

sYrza ²cuHctutæCÄanenH rEmgekIteLIg dl´RBHeyaKavcr

stV edayGMNacénkarpSayza ²sUmstVTaMgBYg:ndl´esckþI

Edl:nnUvttiyCÄan EdlekIteLIgehIy kñúgkmμdðanTaMgLay

suxcuH³ dUecñHCaedImpg eRBaHCaPavnaEdlRtac´eTACitesckþIzñaMg

manbfvIksiNCaedImpgß / ³ .

zñak´ nig esckþIeRtkGrpg eRBaHCaPavnaEdleRKatRKat eRBaH

sYrza ²eRBaHehtuGVI/³ . eqøIyza ²eRBaHPav;énctutæCÄanCaQan

RbkbedayesamnsSpg nig ‘eXIj’ nUvGanisgS kñúgóebk¡a

manGarmμN¾xusKña³ . k*bu¨EnþctutæCÄanenH rEmgekIteLIg dl´

edayPaBCaZm(d*lÁitpgç buK<lNataMgenACakNþal tamRbRktI

RBHeyaKIEdl:nnUvttiyCÄan EdlekIteLIgkñúgRBhμviharPavna

énbuK<lenaHç Kb|IRBegIycMeBaHbuK<lenaH ehIyjúaMgóebk¡a o

manemtþaCaedImbu¨eNÑaH

ekIteLIg tGMBIenaHmk Kb|IjúaMgóebk¡aoekIteLIg kñúgbuK<lTaMg

GarmμN¾esμIKña³ .

LaydéTeT[t manbuK<lCaTIRsLaj´CaedIm . smdUcCaelak eBalehIy

za

²cuHPikú¡mancitþRbkbedayóebk¡a

pSayeTAkan´

TismYy sRmanþenA etIdUcemþc / . KWbuK<leXIj nUvbuK<lmñak´

eqøIyza ²minekIteLIgeT³ .

eRBaHPav;énctutæCÄanenaH

CaQanman

bnÞab´GMBIenaH bNÐitKb|IRCabGb|na eQñaHzavikuBVna nig kar:nGanisgS tamn&yEdleBalehIykñúgemtþaPavnaenaHÉg. enHCakzaBisþar kñúgóebk¡aPavna .


visuTÆimK< ERb

201

bNÐit

RCabnUvRBhμviharTaMgLayenH

EdlRBHRBhμútþmacarü RTg´sMEdgehIy y¨agenH Kb|IRCabbkiNÑkkzaenH kñúgRBhμviharTaMgLay

eRBaHehtuenaH KuNCatienaH eQμaHza muTitaç müa¨gvijeT[t Bakü za ²muTita³ enaH KWRKan´EtCakiriyarIkraybu¨eNÑaH

eRBaHehtuenaH

KuNCatienaH eTIbeQμaHza muTita .

nu@H edayéRkElgEzmeT[t .

KuNCatiNa EtgRBegIykenþIy edaykiriyalHbg´ nUv

‘vinicä&yedayesckþI’ k*bNÐitKb|IRCab edayesckþI kñúgemtþa kruNa muTita nig óebk¡aTaMgLayenH Camunsin . ZmμCatiNa RsLaj´ eRBaHehtuenaH ZmμCatienaH eQμaH za emtþaç GZib|ayza sñiTÆsñM .

RBhμviharnieTÞs

eQμaHza muTitaç mYyeT[t KuNCatienaH rIkray cMeBaHxøÜnÉg

bkiNÑkkza ‘191’

202

mYyeT[t karCitditn@uH man

kñúgmitþ ß ßza RbRBwtþeTAcMeBaHmitþ eRBaHehtuenaH karCitditn@uH eQμaHza emtþa . KuNCatiNa kalebIesckþITuk¡rbs´CndéTman eZVInUvkar QWqÁal dl´sb|úrsTaMgLay KuNCatienaH eQμaHzakruNa .

esckþIxVl´xVayCaedIm za ²stVTaMgLay cUrkMuomaneB[rnwgKña³ dUecñH

nig

edaykiriyacUleTAdl´

nUvPaBRBegIykenþIy

eRBaH

ehtuenaH KuNCatienaH eTIbeQμaHza óebk¡a .

‘vinicä&yedaylk¡N;CaedIm’ bNÐitKb|IRCabesckþIvinicä&y edayRbkardéTmanlk¡N; CaedIm kñúgRBhμviharTaMg 4 enaH ‘dUcteTAenH’ . emtþa mankiriyaRbRBwtiþeTA edayGakar;CaRbeyaCn¾ ‘dl´ stVTaMgLay’ Calk¡N;ç mankiriyarYbrYmmknUvRbeyaCn¾Cakic©ç mankarkMcat´bg´nUvKMnMuCaplç mankiriyabgØaj nUvPaBénstVTaMg

mYyeT[t KuNCatiNa epÞr KWza eb[teb[n nUvesckþITuk¡rbs´Cn

LayCaTIKab´citþCaehtuCitç kiriyacUleTArmáab´Büa:T Casm|tþi

déT esckþIza júaMgesckþITuk¡rbs´CndéTovinaseTA eRBaHehtu

énemtþaenaHç kiriyaekItRBménesckþIesñha Cavibtþi énemtþaenaH .

enaH KuNCatienaH eQμaHzakruNa . müa¨gvijeT[t KuNCatiNa

kruNa mankiriyaRbRBwtþieTAedayGakar;CaeRK]gkMcat´bg´

EdlsaZuCnTaMgLayEtgeZVI KWza latecj edayGMNacénkar

nUvesckþITuk¡ ‘rbs´stVTaMgLay’ Calk¡N;ç mankiriyaGt´RTaM

pSayeTA kñúgCnTaMgLayEdldl´ehIynUvesckþITuk¡ eRBaHehtu

min:nnUvesckþITuk¡ rbs´stVdéT Cakic©ç mankiriyamineb[teb[n

enaH KuNCatienaH eTIbeQμaHza kruNa .

Caplç mankiriyasMEdgnUvPaBminmanTIBwg énstVTaMgLayEdl

saZuCnTaMgLay

EtgrIkray

cMeBaHCnGñkRBmeRB[gKña

manesckþITuk¡RKbsg,t´ehIy CaehtuCitç kiriyarmáab´nUvkareb[t

edaysm|tþienaH edayKuNCatienaH eRBaHehtuenaH KuNCatienaH

eb[n Casm|tþiénkruNaenaHç karekItRBm énesckþIesak Cavibtþi


visuTÆimK< ERb

203

énkruNaenaH . muTita

204

RBhμviharnieTÞs

eBalehIy za ²mñalGavuesaTaMgLay eRBaHemtþaecetavimutþin@uH

mankiriyarIkrayTUeTA

Calk¡N;ç

mankiriyamin

CaeRK]grlas´ecjnUvBüa:Tç

b\sSaCakic©ç mankiriyakMcat´bg´nUvGrti Caplç mankiriyabgØaj

kruNaecetavimutþin@uH

nUvsm|tþiénstVTaMgLayCaehtuç

GavuesaTaMgLay

kiriyacUleTArmáab´nUvGrti

Ca

sm|tþiénmuTitaenaHç karekItRBm énsMeNIcCavibtþiénmuTitaenaH . óebk¡a mankiriyaRbRBwtþieTAedayGakar;CakNþalkñúgstV TaMgLayCalk¡N;ç

mankiriyasMEdgnUvPaBesμIKña

nUvGrti

mñalGavuesaTaMgLay

CaeRK]grlas´ecjnUvkareb[teb[nç eRBaHmuTitaecetavimutþin@uH

‘KWesckþImineRtkGr’ç

eRBaH mñal

CaeRK]grlas´ecj

mñalGavuesaTaMgLay

eRBaH

óebk¡aecetavimutþin@uH CaeRK]grlas´ecjnUvraK; ‘1’ ³ dUecñH .

‘sRtUvCitnigqáayrbs´RBhμvihar’

kñúgstVTaMg

LayCakic©ç mankarcUleTArmáab´nUvesckþIsÁb´nigesckþIRsLaj´

k*kñúgRBhμviharTaMgenaH sMrab´RBhμviharmYYy> mansRtUv

Caplç mankarsMEdgnUvPaBénstVCaGñkmankmμCarbs´xøÜn Edl

BIr > edayGMNacénsRtUvCit nig qáay . GZib|ayza raK; Ca

RbRBwtþeTAehIyy¨agenHza ²stVTaMgLaymankmμCarbs´xøÜn stV

sRtUvCit rbs´emtþaRBhμvihar

TaMgLayenaH nwgCaGñkdl´ehIynUvesckþIsuxkþI nwgrYccakTuk¡kþI

cMENkesμIKña kñúgkiriyabgØajnUvKuN dUcCasRtUvrbs´bursRtac´

nwgminvinas caksm|tþiEdlxøÜn:nehIykþI edayesckþIKab´citþ

eTAkñúgTICit raK;enaHEtg:nnUveTasCaeRK]gqøgcuH y¨agRsYl .

énkmμ³ dUecñH Caehtuç karcUleTArmáab´nUvesckþIsÁb´ nig esckþI

eRBaHehtuenaH emtþa RBHeyaKavcrRtUvrkSao:nlÁ GMBIraK;enaH

RsLaj´ Casm|tþiénóebk¡aenaHç karekItRBménkarRBegIykenþIy

Büa:T CasRtUvkñúgTIqáay ‘rbs´emtþa’ eRBaHPav;énemtþa nig

EdlKμanjaNEdlGaRs&ynUvpÞHKWtNØa Cavibtþi énóebk¡aenaH .

Büa:TmancMENkesμIKña nigminesμIKña dUcCasRtUvrbs´bursEdl

‘RbeyaCn¾énRBhμvihar’

GaRs&ynUvjats|aténéRBmanPñMCaedIm eRBaHehtuenaH RBHeyaKI

k*ÉesckþIsux EdlekItGMBIvibsSnakþI kardl´RBm eday

minRtUvP&yxøacGMBB I üa:TenaHeT

PBkþI CaRbeyaCn¾TUeTA énRBhμviharTaMgLay 4 enaHÉg . kar

buK<lnwgcMerInemtþapg

pþac´pþilnUvsRtUvmanBüa:TCaedIm CaRbeyaCn¾edayELk . Bit

dUecñaH

Emn bNþaRBhμviharTaMgenaH emtþa mankarpþac´pþilnUvBüa:TCa RbeyaCn¾ç RBhμviharTaMgLayeRkAenHmankarpþac´pþilnUvkareb[t eb[n karmineRtkGr nig raK;CaRbeyaCn¾ . smdUcRBHsarIbuRt

eRBaHPav;énemtþa nig raK; man

RtUvcMerInemtþacuH . tamZmμta

nwgeZVInUvesckþIeRkaZxwgpg

eRBaHehtu

ehtuenH minEmnCaehtuCaTItaMgeT . eTamnsS EdlGaRs&ynUvpÞHKWkamKuN mkehIy eday

n&ymann&y za

²buK<l kalmin:n kaleXIjc|as´ nUvkarmin

1- suÇ TIÇ :dÇ PaKTI 19 TMB&rTI 203 .


visuTÆimK< ERb

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206

RBhμviharnieTÞs

:nnUvrUbEdlKb|IdwgedayEPñk CaTIR:zña CaTIeRtkGr CaTIKab´

eRBaHPav;énmuTita nig eKhsitesamnsS mancMENkesμIKña kñúg

citþ CateRmkéncitþ RbkbedayelakamiskþI kalrlwkeXIjnUv

karbgØajnUvsm|tþi cMENkesckþImineRtkGr‘Grti’CasRtUvqáay

rUbEdlxøÜnminZøab´:nkñúgkalmunkþI EdlknøgeTAehIy Edlrlt´

‘rbs´muTita’ eRBaHPav;énGrti mancMENkesμIKña nig minesμIKña

ehIy EdlERbRbYlkþI ehIyk*ekIteTamnsSeLIgç eTamnsSNa

eRBaHehtuenaH RBHeyaKIminRtUvekatjejIt GMBIGrtienaHeT Kb|I

mansPaBdUecñH eTamnsSenaH tzaKtehAza eKhsiteTamnsS

cMerInmuTitacuH .

‘ eTamnsS EdlGaRs&ynUvpÞH KWkamKuN ’ ³

nwgGpSúk kñúgesnasn;d*sáat´ ß kñúgsmz; nig vibsSnapg

sRtUvkñúgTICit

rbs´kruNaRBhμvihar

dUecñHCaedIm

Ca

eRBaHkruNanigeKhsit-

eTamnsSmancMENkesμIKñakñúgkiriyabgØajnUvvibtþiç

tamZmμta RBHeyaKI nwgCaGñkrIkrayTUeTApg

eRBaHehtudUecñaH ehtun@uH minEmnCaehtuCaTItaMgeT .

kareb[teb[n

cMENkxag eKhsitGJ¦aNóebk¡a ‘óebk¡aminmanjaN

CasRtUvkñúgTIqáay ‘rbs´kruNa’ eRBaHPav;énvihwsamancMENk

EdlGaRs&ynUvpÞHKWkamKuN’ EdlmkehIy edayn&ymann&y

esμIKña nig minesμIKña eRBaHehtuenaH RBHeyaKIminRtUvekatjejIt

za ²eRBaHeXIjnUvrUb edayckú¡ óebk¡a ‘PaBRBegIykenþIy’ rEmg

GMBIkareb[teb[nenaHeT Kb|IcMerInkruNacuH . tamZmμta buK<l

ekIteLIg dl´buzuC¢n Gñklág´exøA vegVgvgVn´ GñkmankielsRkas´

nwgeZVInUvkruNakþI nwgeb[teb[n ‘nUvstV’ edayeRK]gRbharTaMg

GñkminQñHnUvEdnKWelaP; GñkminQñHnUvvi:k GñkmineXIjeTas

Layman:tédCaedIm eRBaHehtudUecñaH ehtun@uH minEmnCaehtuCa

Gñkmin:nsþab´ç óebk¡a Na mansPaBEbbenH óebk¡aenaH min

TItaMgeT .

RbRBwtþknøgnUvrUb eRBaHehtuenaH óebk¡aenaH tzaKtRtas´ehAza

esamnsS EdlGaRs&ynUvpÞHKWkamKuN mkehIyeday

eKhsita ‘GaRs&ynUvpÞHKWkamKuN’³ dUecñHCaedIm CasRtUvd*Cit

n&ymann&yCaedIm za ²buK<lkalmin:n kaleXIjc|as´ nUv

rbs´óebk¡aRBhμvihar

karmin:nnUvrUbEdlKb|IdwgedayEPñk CaTIR:zña CaTIeRtkGr Ca

sitGJ¦aNóebk¡a

TIKab´citþ

BicarNanUveTas nig KuNç

CateRmkéncitþ

RbkbedayelakamiskþI

kalrlwk

eRBaHPav;énóebk¡aRBhμvihar nig eKh-

mancMENkesμIKña

edayGMNacénkiriyamin

esckþIzñaMgzñak´edayraK;

CasRtUv

eXIjnUvrUbEdlxøÜnminZøab´:n kñúgkalmunkþI EdlknøgeTAehIy

qáay ‘rbs´óebk¡a’ eRBaHraKb|diX;enaH mancMENkesμIKña nig

Edlrlt´ehIy

minesμIKña eRBaHehtuenaH RBHeyaKIminRtUvekatjejIteLIy GMBI

esamnsSNa

EdlERbRbYlkþI mansPaBdUecñH

ehIyk*ekItesamnsSeLIgç esamnsSenaH

tzaKtehAza

eKhsitesamnsS³ dUecñH CasRtUvkñúgTICitrbs´muTitaRBhμvihar

raKb|diX;enaH Kb|IcMerInóebk¡acuH . RBegIykenþIypg nwgrIkraypg

tamZmμta RBHeyaKI nwg

nwgb¨HTg<icpg eRBaHehtudUecñaH


visuTÆimK< ERb

207

ehtun@uH minEmnCaehtuCaTItaMgeT ‘1’ .

208

RBhμviharnieTÞs

eyaKIKb|IcMerIn dUcKñaenaHEdr . enHCalMdab´énkarcMerInGarmμN¾

‘xagedImçççnig karcMerInGarmμN¾énRBhμvihar’

kñúgRBhμviharPavnaenaH .

‘192’ k*RBhμviharTaMgGs´n@uH manktþúkamtaqnÞ; ‘esckþI

‘óebk¡aRBhμviharCaplénRBhμviharbIxagedIm’

eBjcitþkñúgPaBGñkcg´edIm|IeZVI’ CaxagedIm mankiriyasg,t´sg,in

mYyeT[t GarUbsmabtþiTaMgLay CaTIhUrecj énksiN

nUvnIvrN;CaedIm CakNþal manGb|na CaTIbMput edayGMNac

TaMgLayç envsJ¦anasJ¦aytn; CaTIhUrecj énsmaZiTaMg

énbJ¦tiþZm( rab´za manstVmYy CaGarmμN¾ ß manstVd*eRcIn Ca

Layç plsmabtiþ CaTIhUrecjénvibsSnaç nieraZsmabtþi CaTI

GarmμN¾ . kalebIdl´óbcar; nig Gb|naehIy karcMerIn eday

hUrecj énsmz; nig vibsSna y¨agNamijç óebk¡aRBhμvihar

GamμN¾ eTIbekIt:n .

kñúgRBhμviharPavnaenH CaTIhUrecjénRBhμviharbIxagedIm k*y¨ag

kúñgkarcMerInedayGarmμN¾enaH enHKWCalMdab´ énkarcMerIn

dUecñaHEdr .

eRBaHdUcCa CagminTan´:ndaMnUvssrTaMgLay min

GarmμN¾‘dUcteTA’ . dUcCaGñkP¢ÜrEdlqøatkMNt´nUvTIEdlxøÜnKb|I

Tan´:nelIknUvZñwm nig epÞagehIy k*minGacedIm|Idak´nUvemdMbUl

P¢ÜrehIyeTIbP¢Ür y¨agNaç RBHeyaKIKb|IkMNt´ nUvGavasmYy Ca

nig bg,g´ BÆd*Gakas:neLIy y¨agNamijç ev[rcakttiyCÄan

dMbUgbgÁs´ ehIyKb|IcMerInemtþa kñúgstVTaMgLaykñúgGavasenaH

kñúgRBhμviharbIxagedImecjehIy RBHeyaKI k*minGacedIm|IcMerIn

edayn&ymann&yza ²stVTaMgLaykñúgGavasenHcUrkMuomaneB[r³

ctutæCÄan:n k*y¨agenaHEdr .

‘ehtuGIV:nCaehAzaRBhμvihar’

dUecñHCaedIm . RBHeyaKIKb|IeZVIcitþoTn´ oKYrdl´Pavnakmμ kñúg GavasenaHehIy kMNt´GavasBIr . bnÞab´GMBIGavasenaH RBH

‘esckþIRtiHriH rbs´GacarüBYkxøH’ Kb|ImankñúgGZikarenHza

R:MbI

²k*eRBaHehtuGVI :nCaRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´ehA emtþa kruNa

R:MbYn db´ zñl´mYy Bak´kNþalRsuk RsukmYy CnbTmYy

muTita óebk¡aenaH za RBhμvihar /ç eRBaHehtuGVI:nCaRTg´Rtas´

GaNacRkmYy TismYy edaylMdab´ edayn&yenHehIy Kb|I

KuNCati manemtþaCaedImenaH za manbYn /ç

kMNt´rhUtdl´cRkvaLmYy . mYyeT[t RBHeyaKIKb|IcMerInemtþa

RBhμviharTaMgLayn@uH/ç

cMeBaHstVTaMgLay

CaRTg´Rtas´RBhμviharTaMg4 enaH za Gb|mJ¦a dUecñHeTAvij/ ³ .

eyaKIKb|IkMNt´GavasBIr

bI

bYn

R:M

kñúgTITaMgLayenaH>

R:MmYy

R:MBIr

edayéRkElg

GMBI

cRkvaLenaHk*:n . RBhμviharTaMgLay mankruNaCaedIm k*RBH 1- suÇ mÇ óÇ PaKTI 28 TMB&rTI 306 .

cMENkkñúgRBHGPiZmμ

cuHGVICalMdab´ én eRBaHehtuGVI:n

x\úMnwgeBaledaHRsay ‘dUcteTAenH’ . dMbUg

bNÐitKb|IRCabPaBénRBhμvihar

kñúgKuNCatiman


visuTÆimK< ERb

209

210

RBhμviharnieTÞs

emtþaCaedImn@uH edayesckþIzaCaZm(d*RbesIr nig eRBaHPav;CaZ(m

eRcInedayesckþIeb[teb[nç muTita CapøÚvd*brisuTÆénbuK<lGñkeRcIn

minmaneTas . EmnBit RBhμviharZm(TaMgLayn@uH eQμaHzaCaZ(m

edayesckþImineRtkGrç óebk¡a CapøÚvd*brisuTÆ énbuK<lGñkeRcIn

CaeRK]genAd*RbesIrbMput eRBaHPav;énesckþIRbtibtþid*RbéB cMeBaH

edayteRmk eRBaHehtuNaç mYyeT[t kareZVITukkñúgcitþ cMeBaH

stVTaMgLayç mYyeT[t RBhμviharTaMgLay minmancitþCaeTas

stVTaMgLay k*man 4 RbkarhñwgÉg edayGMNacénkarRbmUl

enA y¨agNaç RBHeyaKITaMgLay GñkRbkbRBmedayRBhμvihar

mknUvRbeyaCn¾

TaMgLayn@uH

k*y¨agenaHEdr

eRtkGrnUvsm|tþi nig karmin:c´taMgcitþxVl´xVay eRBaHehtuNaç

eRBaHehtuenaH Zm(TaMgLay manemtþaCaedImenaH eTIbRBHd*man

BMuenaHesateT eRb[bdUcCamata CaGñkmanesckþIR:zña nUvkarcMrug

RBHPaK RTg´Rtas´za RBhμvihar edayesckþIza CaZm(d*RbesIr

cMerIn dl´kUntUc kñúgcMeNamkUnTaMg 4 BYk KW kUntUc kUnEdl

bMputpg eRBaHPav;CaZm( minmaneTaspg .

QW kUnEdleBjkMeLaH nig kUnEdlxVl´xVay kñúgkic©karrbs´

CaGñkenAesμI

edayRBhμ

EmnBit

cMENkBaküenH CaesckþIedaHRsay nUvbJØaEdlza ²k*

‘193’ bNÐitKb|IRCabKuNCati 4 manemtþa Ca

edIm edayGMNacénGakar;manpøÚvd*brisuTÆCaedIm Etza Kb|IRCablMdab´ énKuNCatimanemtþaCaedIm enaH edayGMNacénGakar; mankarKitRbeyaCn¾ CaedImç mYyeT[t KuNCatiTaMgLay manemtþa rEmgRbRBwtþeTA

RbmaNmin:n

kñúgGarmμN¾

eRBaHehtuNa

man

eRBaHehtuenaH

eTIbRBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´za Gb|mJ¦a . GZib|ayza kñúgPavnaTaMg 4 n@uH emtþa CapøÚvd*brisuTÆ én buK<lGñkeRcIn edayBüa:Tç

CaGñkmanesckþIR:zñaedIm|IkMcat´bg´nUvCmáW

dl´kUnEdlQW

CaGñkmanesckþIR:zña edIm|IkartaMgenAGs´kald*yUr énkardl´

eRBaHehtuGVI eTIbRtas´za man 4 ³ dUecñHCaedIm .

CaedImenaH

xøÜn

karkMcat´ecalnUvGMeBIEdlminCaRbeyaCn¾ kar

kruNa CapøÚvd*brisuTÆ énbuK<lGñk

RBmedayv&y xVl´xVay

dl´kUnEdleBjkMeLaHehIy

kñúgehtuÉNanImYy

CaGñkGs´esckþI

dl´kUnEdlxVl´xVay

kñúgkic©kar

rbs´xøÜn y¨agNamijç RBHeyaKI k*Kb|ICaGñkenA edayGb|mJ¦aZm(

edayGMNacénkarcMerInRBhμvihar

cMeBaHsBVstVTaMgLay ehtuenaH

Gb|mJ¦a

k*y¨agenaHEdr

eTIbman

4

4

manemtþaCaedIm

eRBaHehtuNaç

edayGMNacénkic©

eRBaH

manpøÚvd*

brisuTÆCaedIm CagRBhμvihar 4 enH . k*ÉRBHeyaKIGñkmanesckþIR:zñaedIm|IcMerInGb|mJ¦aTaMg 4 enHÉg

Kb|IRbtibtþi

cMeBaHstVTaMgLay

edayGMNacénkiriya

RbRBwtiþeTA edayGakar;CaRbeyaCn¾ Camunsinç PavnaEdlman karRbRBwtþieTAedayGakar;CaRbeyaCn¾Calk¡N;hñwgÉg Caemtþaç


visuTÆimK< ERb

211

212

RBhμviharnieTÞs

bnÞab´GMBIenaHeTA RBHeyaKI:neXIjkþI :nsþab´kþI :nsresIrkþI

emtþaCaedIm kñúgTIEdlmanRbmaNbu¨eNÑH sUm|Idl´stV 1³ y¨ag

‘:nRtiHriHkþI’ nUvPav;énstVTaMgLay EdlR:zñaRbeyaCn¾ y¨ag

dUecñHÉg . eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbelakeBalehIy za ;

enHehIy RtUvesckþITuk¡RKbsg,t´ Kb|IRbtibtþi edayGMNac én kiriyaRbRBwtþieTA edayGakar;énkarkMcat´bg´ nUvesckþITuk¡ç Pavna EdlmankarRbRBwtiþeTA edIm|IkarkMcat´bg´ nUvesckþITuk¡Calk¡N; hñwgÉg CakruNaç bnÞab´mk RBHeyaKI :neXIjnUvsm|tþiénstV TaMgLayenaHEdlCaGñkR:zñanUvRbeyaCn¾ nig CaGñkR:zñanUvkar R:scakesckþITuk¡ y¨agenHehIy Kb|IRbtibtþi edayGMNacén karrIkraykñúgsm|tþi ‘rbs´stVTaMgenaH’ç Pavna ‘karcMerIn’ Edl mankarrIkrayTUeTACalk¡N;hñwgÉg CamuTitaç cMENkbnÞab´GMBI muTitaenaHmk RBHeyaKavcr Kb|IRbtibtþi edayGakar;CakNþal eBalKWPaBénxøÜnCaGñkmancitþRBegIykenþIyeRBaHminmankic©Edl xøÜnKb|IeZVIç PavnaEdlmankarRbRBwtþieTA edayGakar;CakNþal Calk¡N;hñwgÉg

Caóebk¡aç

eRBaHehtuenaH

bNÐit

Kb|IRCabKuNCati

4

manemtþaCaedIm

edayGMNacénGakar;manpøÚvd*brisuTÆCaedIm Etza Kb|IRCablMdab´ énKuNCati manemtþaCaedImenaH edayGMNacénGakar;

mankarKitRbeyaCn¾

Ca

edImç mYyeT[t KuNCatiTaMgLay manemtþa Ca edImenaH rEmgRbRBwtþeTA kñúgGarmμN¾manRbmaN min:n eRBaHehtuNaç eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbRBH manRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´za Gb|mJ¦a .

‘RBhμviharbIxagedImsMerc:nRtwmEtttiyCÄan’ ‘194’ Gb|mJ¦a 3 xagedIm kñúgcMeNamGb|mJ¦aTaMg4

bNÐitKb|IRCab

enaH Edlmanlk¡N;EtmYy eRBaHPav;énGb|mJ¦aTaMgenaH man

lMdab´enH énGb|mJ¦aTaMgLayn@uH y¨agenH za ²RBHmanRBHPaK

RbmaNmin:n y¨agenH eTIbCaGb|mJ¦aRbRBwtþeTA kñúgQan 3

RTg´Rtas´emtþa Camun bnÞab´mk RTg´Rtas´kruNa muTita óebk¡a³

kñúgctuk,n&y nigRbRBwtþeTAkñúgQan4 kñúgbJ©k,n&y bu¨eNÑaHÉg .

edayGMNacénGakar;manRbeyaCn¾CaedIm GMBI Gb|mJ¦a enH .

eRBaHehtuGVI/ . eRBaHmin:nR:scakesamnsS . k*karR:s

k*eRBaHza Gb|mJ¦aTaMgLayTaMgGs´enH rEmgRbRBwtþeTA kñúgGarmμN¾

manRbmaNmin:nç

RbmaNmin:n RbRBwtþeTA

CaGarmμN¾

EmnBit

stVTaMgLay

énGb|mJ¦aTaMgn@uHç

PavnaTaMgenaH

edayGMNacénkarpSayeTATaMgmUlEtmþg

yknUvRbmaN

man

cakesamnsSmin:nEtgmandl´Gb|mJ¦aTaMgn@uH eRBaHehtuGVI . eRBaHGb|mJ¦aTaMgenaH

CaeRK]grlas´ecj

nUvGkuslZm(TaMg

Lay manBüa:TCaedIm EdlekIkGMBIeTamnsS . cMENkxag

minRbkan´

Gb|mJ¦axagcug CaGvessÉkCÄanik; ‘RbRBwtþeTA kñúgQanEt

y¨agenH za ²k*RBHeyaKIKb|IcMerInGb|mJ¦a man

mYy Edlesssl´ KWctutæCÄan kñúgctuk,n&y ß bJ©k,CÄan kñúg


visuTÆimK< ERb

213

214

RBhμviharnieTÞs

bJ©k,n&y’ . eRBaHehtuGVI/ . eRBaHRbkbedayóebk¡aevTna .

mYlbg,ac´nUvRBHmanRBHPaKeLIyç eRBaHza RBHBuTÆvcn; CaZm(d*

EmnBit óebk¡aRBhμvihar EdlRbRBwtþeTA kñúgGakar;CakNþal

RCaleRCA

kñúgstVTaMgLay ev[rcakóebk¡aevTna RbRBwtþeTAmin:neLIy .

er[nnUvRBHBuTÆvcn;enaH edayesckþIGZib|ay . k*enHCaesckþI

cMENkbuK<lNa Kb|IeBaly¨agenHza; eRBaHRBHmanRBH

GñkKb|IcUleTAGg<úyCitGacarüTaMgLayehIy

GZib|ay kñúgRBHBuTÆvcn;enaH .

Kb|I

:n»mkza RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´

PaKRTg´Rtas´ edayminEbøkKña kñúgGb|mJ¦aTaMg 4 kñúgGdðkni:t

Rtas´tiHed[lPikú¡enaHEdlGaraZna oRBHGg<sMEdgRBHZm(eTsna

za ²mñalPikú¡ kñúgkalenaH GñkKYrcMerInnUvsmaZienH EdlRbkb

za

edayvitk,; nig vicar;pg KYrcMerInnUvsmaZi Edlminmanvitk,;pg

Zm(ÉNarbs´RBHd*manRBHPaKehIy CabuK<lmñak´Ég ec[secj

manEtvicar;bu¨eNÑaH KYrcMerInnUvsmaZi Edlminmanvitk,; minman

eTA minRbmaT manBüayamdutkMedAkiels mancitþbJ¢ÚneTAkan´

vicar;pg

KYrcMerIn

RBHniBVan sUmRBHd*manRBHPaKsMEdgnUvZm(enaH oTandl´x\úMRBH

nUvsmaZi EdlminmanbItipg KYrcMerInnUvsmaZi EdlRbkbeday

Gg< edayseg¡b ‘1’ ³ dUecñH za ²y¨agenHÉg emaXbursBYkxøH

esckþIsb|aypg KYrcMerInnUvsmaZi EdlRbkbedayóebk¡a ‘1’

kñúgelakenH

pg³ dUecñH eRBaHehtuenaH Gb|mJ¦aTaMg 4 enaHÉg CaGb|mJ¦a

tzaKtsMEdgehIy

RbRBwtþeTAkñúgctuk,CÄan kñúgctuk,n&y ß RbRBwtþeTA kñúgbJ©k,CÄan

tambu¨eNÑaH³ dUecñH eRBaHehtuEdlPikú¡enaHsþab´nUvZm(rbs´tzaKt

kñúgbJ©k,n&y .

sUm|IkñúgkalmunehIy k*enAEtenAkñúgTIenaHdEdl minR:zñaedIm|I

KYrcMerInnUvsmaZi

EdlRbkbedaybItipg

²saZuRbéBehIy

bBiRtRBHGg<d*cMerIn

x\úMRBHGg<:nsþab´nUv

RKan´EtGaraZnatzaKtEtbu¨eNÑaH

kalebIZm(Edl

k*RKan´EtsMKal´tzaKtzaCabuK<lKYrRbRBwtþ

buK<lenaHCabuK<lKWeKKb|IeBalza ²GñkkMuKb|IeBalBakü

eZVInUvsmNZm(eLIy eRBaHPikú¡enaH dl´RBmedayóbnisS&y én

y¨agenH dl´buK<lenaHeLIy eRBaHza kalebIy¨agdUecñH sUm|I

RBHGrhtþ eRBaHehtuenaH kalRTg´TUnμannUvPikú¡enaH eTIbRTg´Rtas´

vibsSnaTaMgLay

k*Kb|ICavibsSna

nwgPikú¡enaH mþgeT[t za ²mñalPikú¡ ehtudUecñaH kñúgsasnaenH Gñk

k*sUm|IkñúgvibsSna

Kb|IsikSay¨aenHza citþrbs´GatμaGj nwgtaMgenAkñúgsnþan taMg

TaMgLay manevTnanubsSnaCaedIm sUm|IbfmCÄan k*minmanEdrç

enAedaylÁ TaMgBYkGkuslZm(d*lamk k*minekIteLIg RKbsg,t´

mincaM:c´eBalzVIdl´QanTaMgLay manTutiyCÄanCaedImç eRBaH

citþ:neLIy dUecñHç mñalPikú¡ GñkKb|IsikSa y¨agdUecñHÉg³ . k*

ehtuenaH

mUlsmaZi RtwmEtPaBéncitþ manGarmμN¾EtmYy edayGMNacén

mankayanubsSnaCaedIm

EdlRbkbedayctuk,CÄan

nig

bJ©k,CÄanç

GñkkMu:nRbkan´ nUvRtwmEtRsemalénBüJ¢n;

1- suÇ GMÇ GÇ PaKTI 48 TMB&rTI 277 .

ehIy

1- suÇ GMÇ GÇ PaKTI 48 TMB&rTI 276 .


visuTÆimK< ERb citþEdlfitenAxagkñúg

215

KWRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´ehIy

216

RBhμviharnieTÞs

dl´Pikú¡

za nUvsmaZiRbkbedayvitk,; nig vicar;pg dUecñHCaedIm³ dUecñH

enaH edayRBHOvaTenH . bnÞab´GMBIenaH edIm|IsMEdgnUvRBHbMNg

ehIy kalRTg´sMEdgnUvRBhμvihard*essmankruNaCaedIm Edl

za ²Pikú¡enaH mindl´nUvesckþIeBjcitþ edaysmaZimanRbmaN

CaRbZan dl´Pikú¡enaH mþgeT[t za ²Pikú¡Kb|IeZVI nUvkarcMerInsmaZi

bu¨eNÑH Kb|IjúaMgsmaZienaHocMerIny¨agenH³ dUecñHehIy eTIbRTg´

edayGMNacénctutæCÄan nig bJ©k,CÄan kñúgGarmμN¾TaMgLay

Rtas´nUvkarcMerIn‘smaZi’ edayGMNacénemtþa dl´Pikú¡enaH y¨ag

déT³ dUecñH eTIbRTg´Rtas´RBHtRmas´za ²mñalPikú¡ kúñgkalNa

enH za ²mñalPikú¡ kalNa citþrbs´Gñk taMgenAkñúgsnþan taMg

smaZienH CaKuNCati KWGñk:ncMerInehIy :neZVIoeRcInehIy

enAlÁehIy

y¨agenHç

TaMgBYkGkuslZm(

sg,t´citþ:nç

d*lamk

mñalPikú¡ kalenaH

k*minekIteLIg

GñkKb|IsikSa

y¨agenH

RKb za

mñalPikú¡

kñúgkalenaH

GñkKb|IsikSa

y¨agenH

za

²ecetavimutþi RbkbedaykruNa CaKuNCati KWGatμaGj:ncMerIn

²ecetavimutþi Rbkbedayemtþa nwgCaKuNCati KWGatμaGj:ncMerIn

ehIy

ehIy :neZVIoeRcInehIy :neZVIodUcCayanehIy :ntMkl´

RTg´sMEdgnUvkarcMerInnUvctutæCÄan nig bJ©k,CÄan Edlmanemtþa

s)b´ehIy

:nR:rBÆlÁehIy³

CaedIm CaRbZan y¨agenHrYcehIy edIm|IRTg´sMEdgnUvsmaZiEdl

mñalPikú¡ GñkKb|IsikSa y¨agenHcuH ³ dUecñHehIy eTIbRTg´

manGnubsSna 4 mankayanubsSnaCaedIm CaRbZan eTIbRTg´

Rtas´bnþeT[t za ²mñalPikú¡ kalNa smaZienH KWGñk:ncMerIn

Rtas´nUvRBHtRmas´za ²mñalPikú¡ kñúgkalNa smaZienH CaKuN

ehIy :neZVIoeRcInehIy y¨agenHç

CatiKWGñk:ncMerInehIy

dUecñHç

:nRbRBwtþer]y>

:nsnSMTuk

mñalPikú¡ kalenaH GñkKYr

cMerInnUvsmaZienHEdlRbkbedayvitk,; nig vicar;pg .l.

Gñk

KYrcMerInnUvsmaZienH EdlRbkbedayóebk¡apg³ dUecñH .

:neZVIoeRcInehIyÇÇdz

dUecñHCaedImç

luHRBHmanRBHPaK

:neZVIoeRcInehIyy¨agenHç

mñalPikú¡

kñúgkalenaH GñkKb|IsikSa y¨agenH za ²GatμaGj nwgCaGñkman kiriyaBicarNanUvkaykñúgkayenA³ dUecñHCaedIm eTIbRTg´júaMgPikú¡

bNÐitKb|IRCabesckþIénRBHOvaTenaHza ; RBHmanRBHPaK

enaH osmaTannUvRBHZm(eTsna edayCakMBUlKWRBHGrhtþ za

luHRTg´Rtas´za ²mñalPikú¡ kúñgkalNa mUlsmaZienH CaKuN

²mñalPikú¡ kñúgkalNa smaZienH nwgCaKuNCati KWGñk:ncMerIn

Cati KWGñk:ncMerInehIy edayGMNacénemtþa y¨agenHç kúñgkal

ehIy nwg:ncMerInlÁehIyy¨agenH mñalPikú¡ kñúgkalenaH Gñk

enaH

edaysmaZimanRbmaNbu¨eNÑH

nwgeTA kñúgTINa> GñknwgenAsb|ay kñúgTIenaH> GñknwgQrenA

kaljúaMgmUlsmaZienH odl´nUvctutæCÄan nig bJ©k,CÄan kñúg

kñúgTINa> GñknwgQrenAsb|ay kñúgTIenaH> GñknwgGg<úy kñúg

GarmμN¾TaMgLaydéT ‘bnþeTAeT[t’ Kb|IcMerIn edayn&ymann&y

TINa>

GñkkMudl´nUvesckþIeRtkGr

GñknwgGg<úysb|ay kñúgTIenaH> GñknwgseRmckaredk


visuTÆimK< ERb

217

kñúgTINa> GñknwgseRmckaredksb|ay kñúgTIenaH>³ dUecñH .

218

RBhμviharnieTÞs

manRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´Gb|mJ¦aTaMgenaH y¨agenH / ³ .

eqøIyza

eRBaHehtuenaH Gb|mJ¦a 3 manemtþaCaedIm bNÐitKb|I

²eRBaHGb|mJ¦aTaMgenaH CaóbnisS&yénviemak¡enaH>³ . EmnBit

RCabza ²Catik,CÄanika nig ctuk,CÄanika ‘KWRbRBwtþeTAkñúgQan 3

stVTaMgLay rEmgCarbs´minbdikUl sMrab´RBHeyaKI Gñkman

kñúgctuk,n&y nigRbRBwtþeTAkñúgQan 4 kñúgbJ©k,n&y’ Etbu¨eNÑaH³ç

kiriyaenAedayemtþa . lMdab´enaH kalRBHeyaKI Gñkmankiriya

cMENkóebk¡abNÐitKb|IRCabza ²CaGvessÉkCÄanika‘KWRbRBwtþ

enAedayemtþaenaH

eTA kñúgQanEtmYyd*ess’ Etbu¨eNÑaH³ .

CaedIm EdlCaBN(d*brisuTÆ minbdikUl eRBaHkiriyazñwkedayvtæú

manemtþaCaedIm

k*Gb|mJ¦aTaMgLay

KWRBHd*manRBHPaKRTg´cMENkehIy

kñúgGPiZmμ

ÉeNaHdUcKñaEdr .

RbmUlnUvcitþ

kñúgBN(TaMgLaymanBN(ex[v

EdlminbdikUl citþ EtgsÞúHeTAkñúgvNÑksiNenaH edaymin:c´ RBYyeLIy . emtþaCaóbnisS&yénsuPviemak¡ edayn&yEdl:n

‘Gb|mJ¦amanGanuPaBepSgKña’ ‘195’ bNiÐtKb|IRCabza Gb|mJ¦aTaMg 4 enaH sUm|Ifit enAehIy eday 2 Epñk edayGMNacéntik,CÄan ß ctuk,CÄan 1

eBalmkenHÉg eRBaHehtuenaH

bnÞab´GMBIemtþaenaHmk

minEmnCaóbnisS&yeT

eTIb:nCaRBHd*manRBHPaK

RTg´Rtas´emtþaenaH

za ²mansuPviemak¡ y¨agéRkElg³ .

edayGMNacénGvessÉkCÄan1 dUc:neBalmkehIyenH man

sMrab´RBHeyaKIGñkmankiriyaenAedaykruNa GñkBicarNa

GanuPaBd*viess mindUcKña edayGMNacénviemak¡ mansuPviemak¡

eXIjc|as´

d*éRkElgCaedIm . EmnBit Gb|mJ¦aTaMgn@uH RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´

vayehIyedaydMbgCaedIm eTas kñúgrUb KWCaeTasEdldwgc|as´

sMEdg oviess kñúghliTÞvsnsURt edayGMNacviemak¡ man

ehIy eRBaHekItmankiriyaRbRBwtþieTAénkruNa . tmk eRBaHPav;

suPviemak¡ d*éRkElgCaedIm .

dUcCaRBHGg<RTg´Rtas´ za ²mñal

énrUbEdlxøÜndwgR:kdehIyzaCaeTas kalRBHeyaKIn@uH ebIknUv

Pikú¡TaMgLay tzaKt ehAemtþaecetavimutþi za mansuPviemak¡d*éRk

ksiNNamYy kñúgcMeNamksiN manbfvIksiNCaedImehIy

Elg mñalPikú¡TaMgLay tzaKt ehAkruNaecetavimutþi za man

RbmUlmknUvcitþ kñúgGakasCaeRK]grlas´ecalnUvrUbç citþ Etg

GakasanJ©aytn; Cay¨agéRkElg mñalPikú¡TaMgLay tzaKt

sÞúHeTA kñúgGakasenaH edaymin:c´RBYyeLIy . kruNa Ca

ehAmuTitaecetavimutþi za manviJ¦aNJ©aytn; Cay¨agéRkElg

óbnisS&y énGakasanJ©aytnviemak¡ edayn&yEdl:neBal

mñalPikú¡TaMgLay tzaKtehAóebk¡aecetavimutþi za manGakiJ©-

mkenH

J¦aytn; Cay¨agéRkElg³ . sYrza ²cuHeRBaHehtuGVI :nCaRBH

ehtuenaH

nUvesckþITuk¡rbs´stV

bnÞab´GMBIkruNaenaHeTA

manrUbsøaksñamEdlbuK<l

minEmnCaóbnisS&yeT

eRBaH

kruNaenaH :nCaRBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ za ²man


visuTÆimK< ERb

219

GakasanJ©aytnviemak¡ Cay¨agéRkElg³ .

220

RBhμviharnieTÞs

minman tambrmtæ RbRBwtþknøgnUvviJ¦aNJ©aytn; EdlxøÜn:n

cMENkÉ citþ rbs´RBHeyaKI GñkmankiriyaenAedaymuTita

sMercehIyedaylMdab´ ehIyRbmUlmknUvcitþ kñúgkarminman én

GñkBicarNaeXIjc|as´ nUvviJ¦aN rbs´BYkstVEdlmanesckþI

viJ¦aNEdlCabrmtæ kñúgZmμCatEdlKμan edaysPav;ç citþ Etg

rIkrayekIteLIgehIy

edayehtuénesckþIrIkrayenaH>

rEmgCa

sÞúHeTA kñúgkarminmanénviJ¦aNenaH edaymin:c´RBYyeLIy .

citþR:kdc|as´ehIy

kñúgkarkan´yknUvviJ¦aN

eRBaHekItman

óebk¡a CaóbnisS&y énGakiJ©J¦aytnviemak¡ edayn&yEdl:n

kiriyaRbRBwtþieTAénmuTita . bnÞab´mk kalRBHeyaKIenaH RbRBwtþ

eBalmkehIyenH

knøgnUvGakasanJ©aytn; EdlxøÜn:nsMercehIy edaylMdab´

eRBaHehtuenaH óebk¡a eTIbRBHd*manRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ za ²man

ehIyRbmUlmknUvcitþ

GakiJ©J¦aytnviemak¡ Cay¨agéRkElg³ edayRbkardUecñH .

kñúgviJ¦aN

Edlmannimitþ

KWGakasCa

GarmμN¾ç citþ ‘rbs´RBHeyaKIenaH’ EtgsÞúHeTA kñúgviJ¦aNenaH edaymin:c´RBYyeLIy. muTita CaóbnisS&yénviJ¦aNJ©aytn

bnÞab´GMBIóebk¡aenaH

minEmnCaóbnisS&yeTç

‘Gb|mJ¦aeZVIklüaNZm(obribUr’ bNÐitRCab

nUvGanuPaBénGb|mJ¦aTaMgn@uH

edayGMNac

bnÞab´GMBImuTitaenaHeTA

énviemak¡mansuPviemak¡d*éRkElgCaedIm y¨agenHehIy Kb|IRCab

minEmnCaóbnisS&yeT eRBaHehtuenaH muTitaenaH :nCaRBHman

nUvGb|mJ¦aTaMgGs´enaH mþgeT[t za ²CaKuNCati bMeBjnUvBYk

RBHPaKRTg´Rtas´za ²manviJ¦aNJ©aytnviemak¡y¨agéRkElg³ .

klüaNZm(RKb´y¨ag manTanCaedIm obribUr³ dUecñH . EmnBit

viemak¡

edayn&yEdl:neBalmkenHç

cMENk citþ rbs´RBHeyaKI GñkmankiriyaenAedayóebk¡a

RBHmhastVTaMgLay

CaGñkmancitþRbRBwtþeTAesμI

eRBaHPav;Ca

rEmgCacitþd*lM:k kñúgkiriyakan´yknUvZmμCatEdlminman eRBaH

GñkmanGZüaRs&yCaRbeyaCn¾ cMeBaHstVTaMgLaypg eRBaHPaB

Pav;CaGñkRBegIykenþIy kñúgkiriyakan´yknUvRbeyaCn¾ rbs´Gñk

CaGñkGt´RTaMmin:nnUvesckþITuk¡rbs´stVTaMgLaypg eRBaHPav;

déT mansux nig Tuk¡CaedIm

eRBaHminmanesckþIkgVl´ za ²stV

CaGñkmanesckþIR:zña edIm|IkarfitenA Gs´kalyUr cMeBaHsm|tþi

TaMgLaycUrCastVdl´ehIynUvesckþIsux ß ßza stVTaMgLay

viessrbs´stVTaMgLaypg nig eRBaHPaBminmankarZøak´cuHeTA

cUrrYccakTuk¡ mYyvijeT[t stVTaMgLaycUrkMuR:scakesckþIsux

kñúgbkSBYk kñúgsBVstVTaMgLaypg RTg´bMeBjnUv:rmITaMgLay

Edldl´RBmehIy³ dUecñH .

bnÞab´mk kalRBHeyaKIenaH man

y¨agenH KW ; ‘1’ RTg´oTan EdlCaehtuénesckþIsux cMeBaH

citþzñwk kñúgkiriyaRBegIykenþIy cMeBaHkarkan´yknUvRbeyaCn¾ én

sBVstVTaMgLay minRTg´eZVInUvkarEbgEck za ²KWGatμaGj KYro

buK<ldéT nig CaGñkmancitþlM:k kñúgkarkan´yknUvZmμCatEdl

dl´CnenH minKYrodl´CnenHeT³ dUecñHç ‘2’

RTg´lHbg´ nUvKMnMu


visuTÆimK< ERb

221

KMukYn cMeBaHtVTaMgLayenaH smaTannUvsIlç ‘3’ RTg´Kb´rknUv enk¡mμ edIm|IjúaMgsIloeBjbribUrç

CaRbeyaCn¾rbs´stVTaMgLayç ‘5’ RTg´R:rBÆnUvesckþIBüayam Canic© edIm|IRbeyaCn¾ nig esckþIsux dl´stVTaMgLayç ‘6’ mYyeT[t ebITukCadl´ehIynUvesckþIekø{vkøa edayGMNacesckþI Büayamd*x¬g´x¬s´ k*RTg´Gt´nUveTaskMhusmanRbkarepSg> dl´ stVTaMgLayEdrç

manRBHPaKRTg´sMEdgecjehIy bnÞab´BIRBhμvihar RBHeyaKIGñk R:zñaedIm|IcMerInnUvGakasanJ©aytn; CadMbUg eXIjnUveTaskñúg krCrUb

edayGMNacéneTas

mankarkan´yknUvdMbgCaedImpg

énGaBaZTaMg 1ç000 maneraKkñúgEPñk nig Rtec[k CaedImenHpg eRBaH:LIza ²k*karkan´ykdMbg kan´yknUveRK]gs®sþa CMelaH karRbkan´xus nigkarTas´ETgKñaTaMgLay CaCMelaHdl´rUb rEmg

ehIy za ²eyIgnwgoTanenH dl´GñkTaMgLay nwgeZVInUvrbs´enH

R:kdEmnBit bu¨EnþeTasmankarkan´yknUvdMbgCaedImn@uH minman

dl´GñkTaMgLay³ dUecñH oeXø{gXøateLIyç ‘8’ RTg´CaGñkman

eLIy edayRbkarTaMgBYg kúñgGarUb|Qan RBHeyaKIenaHBicarNa

esckþIGZidðanminkeRmIk edIm|IRbeyaCn¾ nig esckþIsux dl´stV

eXIj y¨agenHehIy CaGñkRbtibtþiedIm|IesckþIen]yNay edIm|I

TaMgLayenaHç ‘9’ RTg´CaGñkmankiriyaeZVImun edayemtþa mino

R:scakteRmk edIm|IrMlt´ nUvrUbTaMgLayEmnBit³ dUecñHehIy

eXø{gXøatcMeBaHstVTaMgenaHç ‘10’ EtminRTg´nwkR:zñanUvóbkar;

júaMgctutæCÄanoekIteLIgkñúgksiNNamYy kñúgcMeNamksiN

tbvij

rhUtdl´RTg´bMeBjnUvklüaNZ(m

9 manbfvIksiNCaedIm elIkElgEtGakasksiNEdlkMNt´

TaMgLayRKb´y¨ag epSgedayBlJ¦aN 10 evsarC¢J¦aN 4

ehIy edIm|IknøgnUvkrCrUbenaH . EmnBit krCrUb CaGarmμN¾

GsaZarNJ¦aN 6 nig BuTÆZm( 18 oeBjbribUr . Gb|mJ¦a

EdlRBHeyaKIenaHknøgehIy

TaMgLayn@uHÉg CaKuNCatibMeBj nUvklüaNZm(TaMgGs´ man

k*BitEmnehIy EtebITukCadUecñaH sUm|IksiNrUbk*mankrCrUbenaH

TanCaedImobribUr y¨agenHÉg .

CaeRK]geRb[beZ[bEdr eRBaHehtuNa eRBaHehtuenaH RBHeyaKI

dUecñH

minRTg´júaMgesckþIebþC\a

‘196’ cMENkÉ kñúgGrUbkmμdðanTaMgLay 4 EdlRBH

EdlxøÜneZVI

edayóebk¡a

‘7’

‘GakasanJ©aytn;’

‘4’ RTg´CRmHnUvbJ¦a opUr

pg´ edIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´esckþIminvegVg kñúgRbeyaCn¾ nig minEmn

Garub|nieTÞs

222

edayGMNacénctutæCÄanCarU:vcr

briecäT TI9 eQμaH RBhμviharnieTÞs kñúgGZikarénsmaZiPavna

enaH CaGñkR:zñaedIm|Iknøg nUvksiNrUbenaHÉg . sYrza ²knøg

kñúgbkrN¾viesseQμaHvisuTÆimK<Edlx\úMer[ber[gehIy

edayRbkardUecñH / ³ . eqøIyza ²dUcCabursxøacBs´ RtUvBs´kñúg

edIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´kiriyajúaMgsaZuCnorIkray ‘cb´ehIy’ edayRbkardUecñHÉg .

éRBedjtam rt´eTAy¨agel]n eXIjnUvsøwketñatEdlviciRteday KMnUrkþI nUvvløikþI nUvExSkþI

BMuenaHesat nUvRkEhgénEpndIEdlEbk


visuTÆimK< ERb

223

RkEhgehIykþI kñúgTIEdlxøÜnrt´ehIy rwgrwtEtxøacrwgrwtEttk´søút CaGñkminR:zñaedIm|IeXIjvtæúenaHeLIy y¨agNamij . mYyeT[t eRb[bdUcCaburs enAkñúgRsukmYy CamYynwgbursmaneB[r GñkeZVI

224

Garub|nieTÞs mYyeT[t bNÐitKb|IBN(naesckþIeRb[beZ[b manEq,Edl

RtUvRCUkéRBexVH nig bursEdlxøacexμacCaedIm kñúgkrCrUbn@uHcuH . RBHeyaKIenaH en]yNay cakksiNrUbEdlCaGarmμN¾

nUvesckþIvinas RtUvbursmaneB[renaH cUleTARbTUsþehIy eday

rbs´ctutæCÄanenaH

karsmøab´ karcab´cg nig kardutpÞHCaedIm eTAkan´RsukdéT edIm|I

eTA CaGñksÞat´CMnaj edayGakar;TaMgLay 5 ehIyecjcak

RbeyaCn¾dl´karrs´enA

sMeLg

ctutæCÄan CarU:vcr EdlsÞat´CMnajehIy eXIjnUveTas kñúg

nigkarehArkRbEhlKñanwgbursmaneB[r kñúgRsukenaHeT[t ehIy

QanenaH za ²ctutæCÄanenH eZVInUvrUb EdlGatμaGjen]yNay

k*rwgrwtEtxøac

CaGñkminR:zñacg´eXIjnUvburs

ehIy oCaGarmμN¾³ dUecñHpg za ²ctutæCÄanenH CasRtUv dl´

enaHesaHeLIy y¨agNamij . enHCaesckþIeRb[beZ[b nUvPaB

esamnsSd*Cit³ dUecñHpg za ²ctutæCÄanenH CaQaneRKatRKat

énesckþIeRb[bpÞwm kñúgkrCrUbenaH .

Cagviemak¡d*lÁit³ dUecñHpg .

k*eXIjnUvburs

rwgrwtEttk´søút

EdlmanrUb

y¨agenHehIy

CaGñkR:zñaedIm|Iec[secj

EmnBit kalCaTIRBmeRB[gedaykrCrUb edayGMNacén

k*kñúgGarUb|CÄann@uH minmanGg<EdleRKatRKateT . Emn

GarmμN¾ rbs´Pikú¡ dUcCakalEdlbursTaMgLayenaH RtUvBs´ ß

Bit ctutæCÄan CarU:vcrenH RbkbedayGg< 2 hñwgÉg y¨agNaç

RtUvbursmaneB[r cUleTARbTUsþehIy . kalEdlPikú¡ RbRBwtþ

sUm|IGarUbCÄanTaMgLay k*RbkbedayGg< 2 k*y¨agenaHEdr .

knøgnUvkrCrUb:n

edayGMNacénctutæCÄanCarU:vcr

dUcCakar

‘ebIkksiN’

EdlbursTaMgenaH rt´eTAy¨agel]n nig eTAkan´RsukdéTeT[t .

RBHeyaKIenaH luHeXIjnUveTas kñúgrU:vcrctutæCÄanenaH

Pav;énPikú¡kMNt´nUvksiNrUbhñwgÉgza ²ksiNrUbenHmancMENk

y¨agenHehIy RKbsg,t´nUvesckþIRsLaj´ eZVITukkñúgcitþnUvGaka-

eRb[bedaykrCrUbEmnBit³ dUecñHehIy R:zñaedIm|IRbRBwtþknøg nUv

sanJ©aytn; edayzaCaZm(d*lÁit ehIypSayksiNeTA rhUt

ksiNrUbenaHÉg

eXIjnUvvtæú

dl´TIbMputéncRkvaL ß rhUtdl´TIEdlxøÜnR:zña ehIyeZVITukkñúg

EdlRsed[gBs´ mansøwketñatEdlviciRtehIy edayKMnUrCaedIm

citþnUvOkasEdlksiNrUbenaHpSayeTAdl´za ²Gakas³ dUecñHkþI

nig nUvbursCaGñkR:kdesμIedaybuK<lmaneB[r kñúgTIEdlxøÜnrt´

za ²Gakas KμanTIbMput³ dUecñHkþI eTIbebIknUvksiN:n . k*RBH

eTAehIy nig kñúgRsukmYy ehIyP&yxøac nig minR:zñaedIm|ICYb

eyaKI kalebIknUvksiN minmUr dUcCabuK<lmUrkenÞlEpgeT min

RbTHeLIy .

erIeLIg dUcCabuK<lelIkeLIg nUvnMGMBIGMEbgeT RKan´EtElgnwkna

dUcCaPav;énbursTaMgLayenaH


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226

Garub|nieTÞs

ElgeZVITukkñúgcitþ ElgBicarNanUvksiNenaHbu¨eNÑaHç RBHeyaKI

EGbs)b´ kñúgksiNTaMgLaymanbfvIksiNCaedIm . EmnBit

kalminnwkna mineZVITukkñúgcitþ minBicarNa Etza eZVITukkñúgcitþnUv

sUm|IkñúgGakasanJ©aytnQanenH Cv&nTaMgLaybI ß bYn kñúg

OkasEdlksiNrUbenaH Bal´RtUvehIy edayBit za ²Gakas

cMENkxagedIm Cakamavcr sm|yutþedayóebk¡aevTnahñwgÉg .

Gakas³ dUecñH eQμaHzaebIknUvksiN . sUm|IksiN kalRtUv

Cv&n TI 4 ß Cv&n TI 5 CaGrU:vcr .

RBHeyaKIebIk

eBalmkehIy kñúgbfvIksiNhñwgÉg .

k*minEmnrbUteLIg

minEmnx©at´x©ayeLIy

Ca

ZmμCatEdlGaRs&ynUvkareZVITukkñúgcitþ dl´ksiNrUbenH nig eZVI

Baküd*ess mann&ydUc

‘esckþIepSgKñakñúgGakasanJ©aytn;’

Tukkñúgcitþ za ²Gakas Gakas³ dUecñH eTIbeQμaHza RtUv:nebIk

cMENkesckþIepSgKña dUcteTAenH . kalebIGrU:vcrcitþ

ehIyEtbu¨eNÑaH . karebIkksiNzaGakasbu¨eNÑaH EtgR:kd .

ekIteLIgehIy y¨agenHç Pikú¡enaH kalsMLwgemIlnUvmNÐl én

BaküTaMgGs´enH za ²karebIknUvksiNzaGakas³ dUecñHkþI

ksiN edayQanckú¡ kñúgkalmun enAehIyç kalebInimitþenaH

za ²GakasRtUvksiNBal´RtUvehIy³ dUecñHkþI za ²GakasEdl

RtUvkareZVITukkñúgcitþnUvbrikmμ za ²Gakas Gakas³ enH naMecj

sáat´cakksiN³ dUecñHkþI CaBaküEtmYyEmnBit .

ehIy edayrh&sç k*enAsMLwgemIlnUvGakashñwgÉg eRb[bdUc

‘óbcar;

CabursGñkcgnUvmat´NamYy kñúgcMeNammat´TaMgLay manmat´

nig

Gb|na’ nUvksiNuK¹adikasnimitþ

yan mat´BagtUc nig mat´qñaMgCaedIm edaykMNat´sMBt´B(N

enaH za ²Gakas Gakas³ dUecñH eQμaHza eZVIoeTACanimitþEdl

ex[v ß edaykMNat´sMBt´BN(ÉNamYy bNþaBN(TaMgLay

esckIþRtiHriHsÞÜyeLIgehIy

oeTACanimitþEdlesckþInwkRtiHriH

manBN(el]g BN(Rkhm nig BN(-s CaedIm ehIysMLwg

sÞÜyeLIgehIy . kalRBHeyaKIenaH BicarNaer]y> y¨agenH

emIlç kalebIkMNat´sMBt´ RtUvkMLaMgxül´ ß RtUvvtæúNanImYy

kaleZVIoeTACanimitþEdlesckþIRtiHriHsÞÜyeLIgehIy

naMykeTAehIy eQμaHza QrsMLwgemIlnUvGakashñwgÉg y¨ag

RBHeyaKIenaH

BicarNaer]y>

EdlesckþInwkRtiHriHsÞÜyeLIgehIyç

oCanimitþ

nIvrNZm(TaMgLay

rEmg

dUecñaHÉg .

sáb´rmáab´:n sti rEmgtaMgenAs)b´ citþ k*rEmgtaMgenAmaM eday

k*Pikú¡enaH RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ehAza ²cUleTAsMerc

óbcar;. RBHeyaKIenaHesB cMerIn eZVIoeRcInnUvnimitþenaHer]y>.

dl´GakasanJ©aytn; ehIyenA edayeZVITukkñúgcitþza ; Gakas

kalRBHeyaKavcrenaH BicarNa eZVITukkñúgcitþ er]y> y¨agenHç

Gakas dUecñH eRBaHknøgnUvrUbsJ¦a edayRbkarTaMgBYg eRBaH

GakasanJ©aytncitþ rEmgEGbs)b´ BÆd*Gakas dUcCarU:vcrcitþ

dl´nUvkartaMgenAmin:n énbdiXsJ¦a edayRbkarTaMgBYg eRBaH


visuTÆimK< ERb

227

228

Garub|nieTÞs bTza ²smtik,ma³ esckþIza eRBaHR:scakteRmk nig

mineZVITukkñúgcitþnUvnantþsJ¦a edayRbkarTaMgBYg ³ dUecñH .

‘EksBVesa’ kñúg:f;TaMgenaH bTza ²sBVesa³ KWedayGakarTaMgBYg. esckþIza ²TaMgGs´ ß minmanesss´³ .

eRBaHrlt´ . sYrza ²manGZib|aydUcemþc / ³ . eqøIyza ²eRBaH R:scakteRmk nig eRBaHrlt´ KWeRBaHehtuénkarR:scakraK; nig eRBaHehtuénkarrlt´ nUvrUbsJ¦a eBalKWQan 15 eday

‘EkrUbsJ¦anM’

GMNacénkusl vi:k nig kiriyaTaMgenaH nig nUvrUbsJ¦a eBal

bTza ²rUbsJ¦anM³ :ndl´nUvrU:vcrQanEdl:neBal

KWGarmμN¾ 9 TaMgenaH edayGMNacénksiN manbfvIksiN

ehIy edayRbZanKWsJ¦apg nig nUvGarmμN¾rbs´rU:vcrQan

CaedIm edayGakar;TaMgBYg ß minmanesssl´ eTIbcUleTA

enaHpg . EmnBitsUm|IrU:vcrQan k*RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´

sMercdl´GakasanJ©aytn;ehIyenA . eRBaHza RBHeyaKIEdl

za rUb ‘dUc’ kñúg:LITaMgLaymanCaGaTi¾za ²buK<l:nnUvrUbCÄan

manrUbsJ¦aminTan´:nknøgehIy edayRbkarTaMgBYg k*minGac

rEmgeXIjnUvrUbTaMgLay

dUecñHç

edIm|IcUleTAsMercdl´GakasanJ©aytn;enaHehIyenA:neT³ .

sUm|IGarmμN¾ rbs´rU:vcrQanenaH k*RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´

karRbRBwtþiknøgnUvsJ¦a minmandl´RBHeyaKIGñkminTan´R:scak

za rUb ‘dUc’ kñúg:LITaMgLayza ²buK<lBYkxøH eXIjnUvBYkrUb

raK;ehIykñúgGarmμN¾ kñúgGakasanJ©aytn;enaH bu¨Enþ kalebI

xageRkA EdlmanBN(lÁ nig BN(GaRkk´ ‘2’ ³ dUecñHCaedIm .

sJ¦aTaMgLayRbRBwtþknøgeTAehIyç GarmμN¾ k*CaZmμCatRbRBwtþ

‘1’ ‘mannIlksiNCaedIm’³

eRBaHehtuenaH kñúgTIenH BaküenHza ²esckþIsMKal´kñúgrUb

knøgeTAehIydUcKñaEdr eRBaHehtuNaç eRBaHehtuenaH :nCaRBH

eQμaHza rUbsJ¦a³ dUecñH Kb|IRCabza CaeQμaH énrU:vcrQan

d*manRBHPaK minRTg´Rtas´ehIy nUvkarRbRBwtiþknøg nUvGarmμN¾

Edlelak:neBalehIyedayyksJ¦aCaRbZan y¨agenHÉg.

kñúgGakasanJ©aytn;enaHeT

rUb CasJ¦aénGarmμN¾enaH eRBaHehtuenaH GarmμN¾enaH eQμaHza

sJ¦abu¨eNÑaH kñúgviPg< y¨agenHza ²bNþasJ¦aTaMgenaH rUbsJ¦a

rUbsJ¦a . GZib|ayza ²rUb CaeQμaH énQanenaH³ . k*bNÐit

etIdUcemþc/

Kb|IRCabza BaküenaH CaeQμaH énGarmμN¾ énrU:vcrQanenaH

rbs´buK<lGñkcUlkan´rU:vcrsmabtþikþI

epSgedayksiN manbfvIksiNCaedIm y¨agenHÉg .

‘edayrU:vcrsmabtþi’

‘Eksmtik,ma’ 1–

2- suÇ mÇ mÇ

PaKTI 24 TMB&rTI 163-164 .

karsMKal´

RTg´Rtas´EtkarRbRBwtiþknøg

GakarsMKal´

kþI

PaBénkarsMKal´

nUv

Na

rbs´buK<lGñkRbkb

rbs´buK<lGñkenACasux

kñúgbc©úb|nñ

‘edayrU:vcrsmabtþi’kþIç enH ehAza rUbsJ¦aç buK<lCaGñkknøg RbRBwtþknøg Qanknøg nUvrUbsJ¦aTaMgenH eRBaHehtuenaH

eTIb


visuTÆimK< ERb

229

eBalza ²eRBaHknøgnUvrUbsJ¦a edaysBVRKb´ ‘1’ ³ .

230

Garub|nieTÞs

GñkcUlrU:vcrCÄan manbfmCÄanCaedIm eRBaHza kñúgsm&yenaH

bu¨Enþ ‘GrU:vcr’ smabtþiTaMgLayn@uH KWRBHeyaKIKb|I:n

citþ rEmgminRbRBwtþeTA edayGMNacénbJ©TVar k*BitEmnç kal

sMerc edaykarRbRBwtþiknøgnUvGarmμN¾ mindUcCarU:vcrQanTaMg

ebImanRbkardUecñH kareBalnUvbdiXsJ¦aTaMgLayn@uH kñúgGaka-

LaymanbfmCÄanCaedIm KWRBHeyaKIKb|I:nsMerc kñúgGarmμN¾

sanJ©aytnkzaenH bNÐitKb|IRCab edayGMNacénkareBal

EtmYybu¨eNÑaH eRBaHehtuNaç eRBaHehtuenaH esckþIBN(naenH

sresIrnUvQanenH edIm|IjúaMgesckþIxμIXμatoekIteLIg kñúgQan

bNÐitKb|IRCabza

enH dUcCakareBalnUvsux nig Tuk¡ TaMgLay EdlRBHeyaKIlH

²KWelakeZVIehIy

edayGMNacénkarRbRBwtþi

knøgnUvGarmμN¾hñwgÉg³ .

bg´:nehIy kñúgQandéT kñúgctutæCÄan nig dUcCakareBal nUv

‘EkbdiXsJ¦anM Gtæg<ma’

TidðiTaMgLaymansk,ayTidðiCaedIm EdlRBHeyaKIlHbg´:nehIy

BIrbTza ²bdiXsJ¦anM Gtæg<ma³ esckþIza karsMKal´

kñúgmK<déT kñúgttiymK< . mYyeT[t sJ¦aTaMgLayenaH minman

EdlekIteLIgRBmehIy eRBaHkiriyab¨HnUvvtæúTaMgLay manckú¡ Ca

sUm|Idl´RBHeyaKIGñkcUlkan´rU:vcrCÄanehIy k*BitEmn EtebI

edIm nignUvGarmμN¾TaMgLaymanrUbCaedIm eQμaHzabdiXsJ¦a .

TukCadUecñaH sJ¦aTaMgLayenaH rEmgminman eRBaHPav;énsJ¦a

Baküza bdiXsJ¦an@uH CaeQμaH énsJ¦aTaMgLay manrUbsJ¦a

TaMgenaH KWRBHeyaKIlHbg´:nehIy k*eTEdr . eRBaHza karcMerIn

CaedIm . smdUcCaRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´za ²bNþasJ¦aTaMg

rU:vcrCÄan minRbRBwtþeTA edIm|IR:scakteRmkkñúgrUb . cMENk

enaH bdiXsJ¦a etIdUcemþc/ KW rUbsJ¦a sTÞsJ¦a KnÆsJ¦a

karRbRBwtþieTA énrU:vcrPavnaTaMgLayn@uH CaZmμCatidittamrUb .

rssJ¦a epadðBVsJ¦a sJ¦aTaMgenH ehAza bdiXsJ¦a ‘2’ ³ .

cMENk PavnaenH RbRBwtþeTA edIm|IR:scakraK;kñúgrUb . eRBaH

eRBaHdl´nUv

ehtuenaH nwgeBalza ²bdiXsJ¦aTaMgLayenaH KWRBHeyaKIlH

kartaMgenAmin:n KWeRBaHlHbg´ eRBaHminekIteLIgRBm GZib|ay

bg´:nehIy kñúgGarUbTI1 enH³ dUecñH k*KYr nig minEmnRtwmEt

za eRBaHeZVIminoRbRBwtþeTA énbdiXsJ¦aTaMg 10 enaH eday

eBalbu¨eNÑaHeLIy sUm|IRTRTg´esckþITuk y¨agenH edaycMENk

RbkarTaMgBYg

mYyhñwgÉg k*KYrEdr .

‘RBHeyaKIcUldl´GakasanJ©aytnCÄan’

dUecñHKW

bdiXsJ¦aTaMgLay

5

Cakuslvi:k

bdiXsJ¦aTaMgLay 5 CaGkuslvi:k . bdiXsJ¦aTaMgLayenaH minman sUm|Idl´RBHeyaKavcr 1- 2- GPiÇ viÇ

PaKTI 81 TMB&rTI 286 .

k*eRBaHbdiXsJ¦aTaMgLayenaH KWRBH

eyaKIlHminTan´:n kñúgQanmun GMBQ I anenHenaHÉg RBHman RBHPaKRtas´za ²sMeLg Cabnøa rbs´GñkcUlbfmCÄan ‘1’ ³ . 1- suÇ GMÇ TÇ PaTI 50 TMB&rTI 295 .


visuTÆimK< ERb cMENkkñúgGarUb|CÄanenH

231

GarUbsmabtíþTaMgLay

232

Garub|nieTÞs

RBHd*manRBH

sJ¦a Cakamavcrkusl 11 sJ¦a CaGkuslvi:k 2 sJ¦a

PaKRTg´Rtas´zaCaKuNCatminjab´j&r nig CaKuNCatrYcRsLH

Cakamavcrkiriya 11 CasJ¦amanPaBepSg> KWmansPaBepSg>

ehIyedayesckþIsáb´

KWRBH

minesμIKñanwgKñaeT eRBaHehtuNaç eRBaHehtuenaH sJ¦aTaMgenaH

eyaKIlHbg´:nehIy EmnBit . dUcGaLartabskalameKaRt

eTIbRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´za ²nantþsJ¦a³ . eRBaHmineZVITuk

cUlGarUbsmabtþi min:neXIjreTHcMnYn 500 Edlqøgkat´eTA

kñúgcitþ KWeRBaHminnwkna eRBaHminTTUcnwk eRBaHminBicarNa nUv

ehIyenAEk|r > nig min»TaMgsMeLgreTHenaHeT[tpg dUecñHÉg .

nantþsJ¦aTaMgLayenaH

eRBaHPav;énbdiXsJ¦aTaMgenaH

‘EknantþsJ¦anM Gmnsikara’ BIrbTza

edayRbkarTaMgBYg

.

GZib|ayza

²RBHeyaKI minnwkna mineZVITukkñúgcitþ minBicarNa nUvsJ¦aTaMg

²nantþsJ¦anM Gmnsikara³ esckþIza eRBaH

mineZVITukkñúgcitþnUvsJ¦aTaMgLay EdlRbRBwtþeTAkñúgGarmμN¾man

enaH eRBaHehtuNaç eRBaHehtuenaH ‘RBHeyaKIenaH cUleTAsMerc QanenH ehIyenA’³ .

‘esckþIepSgén:f;’

PaBepSg> ß nUvsJ¦aTaMgLayEdlmansPaBepSg> . EmnBit sJ¦aTaMgenaH KWRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´EvkEjkehIy kñúgviPg<

mYyeT[t bNÐitKb|IRCabza ; kñúgsJ¦aTaMgenaH rUbsJ¦a

y¨agenHza ²bNþasJ¦aTaMgenaH nantþsJ¦a etIdUcemþc/ esckþI

nig bdiXsJ¦a mankñúgkalmun rEmgminman sUm|IkñúgPB Edl

sMKal´

ekItehIy edayQanenHEmnBit caM:c´niyayzVI kñúgkalCaTI

GakarsMKal´

PaBénkarsMKal´

Na

rbs´buK<lGñk

min:ncUlkan´ ‘rUbsmabtþi’ CaGñkRBmeRB[g edaymenaZatukþI

cUleTAsMercnUvQanenH

CaGñkRBmeRB[gedaymenaviJ¦aNZatukþI

eRBaHehtuenaH

enHehAza

nantþsJ¦a

ehIyenA

eTIbRBHmanRBHPaK

kñúgPBenaH

eRBaHehtuNaç

RTg´Rtas´karminmanEmnBit

‘1’ ³ dUecñHç sJ¦a EdlRBHmanRBHPaK RTg´bMNgykehIy kñúg

énrUbsJ¦a nig bdiXsJ¦aTaMgenaH Ca 2 Epñk za ²eRBaHRbRBwtþ

TIenH CasJ¦ase®g<aHcUlkñúgmenaZatu ß menaviJ¦aNZatu énRBH

knøg eRBaHdl´nUvkartaMgenAmin:n³ dUecñH . bu¨EnþkñúgnantþsJa¦

eyaKIGñkmin:ncUlsmabtþi

kñúgGarmμN¾Edl

TaMgLay sJ¦aTaMgLay 27 enH KW? sJ¦a Cakamavcrkusl

manPaBepSg> KWmansPaBepSg> EdlepSgKña edayrUb nig

8 sJ¦a Cakiriya 9 sJ¦a CaGkusl 10 rEmgman kñúgPB

sMeLgCaedIm eRBaHehtuNaç mYyeT[t sUm|IsJ¦aTaMg 44 enH

EdlekItehIy

y¨agenH

bNiÐtKb|IRCabza RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´za ²eRBaHmineZVITuk

1- GPiÇ viÇ

rEmgRbRBwtþeTA

KW? sJ¦a Cakamavcrkusl 8 sJ¦a CaGkusl 12 PaKTI 81 TMB&rTI 287 .

edayQanenH

eRBaHehtuNaç

eRBaHehtuenaH

kñúgcitþnUvnantþsJ¦aTaMgenaH³ dUecñHÉg . EmnBitsUm|IkúñgPBenaH


visuTÆimK< ERb

233

234

Garub|nieTÞs

‘EkGakasanJ©aytnM’

RBHeyaKI kalcUleTAsMercnUvQanenH eQμaHza cUleTAsMerc

cMENkkñúg:f;enHza

ehIyenA eRBaHmineZVITukkñúgcitþ nUvnantþsJ¦aTaMgenaHhñwgÉg .

²cUlkan´GakasanJ©aytn;sMerc

EtRBHeyaKI kaleZVITukkñúgcitþnUvnantþsJ¦aTaMgenaH eQμaHza Ca

«riyabz³ manGtævieRKaHza TIbMputénGakasenaH minman eRBaH

Gñkmin:ncUlQaneT .

ehtuenaH GakasenaH eQμaHza minmanTIbMput . Gakas minman TIbMput eQμaHzaGakasminmanTIbMput . GakasminmanTIbMputhñwg

‘esckþIedayseg¡b’ bu¨EnþbNÐitKb|IRCab esckþIGZib|ay edayseg¡b kúñgbT

Ég eQμaHzaGakasanJ©;‘GakasminmanTIbMput’ . GakasanJ©

TaMgenaH za ; RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ nUvkarlHnUvkamavcrZ(m

enaH

TaMgBYgTaMgLay edaybTenHza ²eRBaHRbRBwtþknøg nUvrUbsJ¦a

GaRs&y’

TaMgLay³ dUecñHç RTg´Rtas´karlH nig karmineZVITukkñúgcitþnUvcitþ

edaysm|yutþZm( dUcBaküza ²TICaTIenAéneTvtaTaMgLay³ dUecñH

nig ectsik EdlCakamavcrTaMgLayTaMgBYg edaybTenH za

eRBaHehtuenaH QanenaH eTIb:neQμaHza GakasanJ©aytn;

²eRBaHdl´nUvkartaMgenAmin:n énbdiXsJ¦aTaMgLay eRBaHmin

‘QanmanGakasminmanTIbMputCaTIenAGaRs&y’ . Baküza ²cUl

eZVITukkñúgcitþ nUvnantþsJ¦aTaMgLay³ dUecñH .

kan´ÇÇÇenA³

‘EkGnenþa Gakaesa’

‘GakasminmanTIbMputenaH’ edayGtæza

esckþIza

eQμaHza

Gaytn;

CaTIenAGaRs&yénQanenH

RBHeyaKIenaH

‘CaTIenA

EdlRbkb

dl´nUvGakasanJ©aytn;

enaHehIy KWjúaMgGakasanJ©aytn;enaHosMercehIyenA eday

kñúg:f;za ²GakasminmanTIbMput³ enH manviniqä&ydUct

Zm(CaeRK]genA eday«riyabzd*smKYr dl´QanenaH .

eTAenH . TIbMputénkarekIteLIgkþI TIbMputénkarsabsUnüeTAkþI min

enHCakzaedayBisþar kñúgGakasanJ©aytnkmμdðan .

manR:kd dl´GakasenaH eRBaHehtuenaH GakasenaH eQμaHza

‘viJ¦aNJ©aytn;’

minmanTIbMput . GakasCaTIebIknUvksiNelakehAzaGakas .

‘197’ cMENkÉRBHeyaKI GñkR:zñaedIm|IcMerInnUvviJ¦aN-

mYyeT[t bNÐitKb|IRCabPav;énTIminmanTIbMput kñúgGakasenaH

J©aytn; Kb|ICaGñkmankarsÞat´RbRBwtþehIy kñúgGakasanJ©a-

edayGMNacénkareZVITukkñúgcitþk*:n . eRBaHehtudUecñHÉg :nCa

ytnsmabtþi

RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ehIy kñúgviPg< za ²Pikú¡tMkl´ taMgTuk

GakasanJ©aytn;za ²smabtþienH CasRtUvdl´GrU:vcrCÄan d*

nUvcitþ

Cit nig CaKuNCatd*lÁit dUcCaviJ¦aNJ©aytn; k*eTEdr³ dUecñH

kñúgGakasenaH

pSayeTAkan´TIEdlminmanTIbMput

ehtuenaH eTIbeBalza GakasminmanTIbMput³ dUecñH .

eRBaH

ehIy

edayGakar;TaMgLay

5

eXIjnUveTas

kñúg

RKbsg,t´nUvesckþIeBjcitþ kñúgGakasanJ©aytn;enaH


visuTÆimK< ERb

235

236

Garub|nieTÞs

ehIy eZVITukkñúgcitþnUvviJ¦aNJ©aytn; edayzaCaKuNCatd*lÁit

knøgnUvGakasanJ©aytn;³ enH manGZib|ayza sUm|IQan k*

Kb|IrMBwgemIlnUvviJ¦aNEdlRbRBwtþeTA

pSayeTAkan´GakasenaH

eQμaHza GakasanJ©aytn; sUm|IGarmμN¾ k*eQμaHza Gakasa-

ehIy Kb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþ BicarNaCaer]y> za ²viJ¦aN viJ¦aN³

nJ©aytn; tamn&yEdleBalehIykñúgkalmun . BitEmnehIy

dUecñHehIy Kb|IeZVIoCaZmμCatKWesckþIRtiHriHsÞÜyeLIgehIy

sUm|IGarmμN¾ k*eQμaHza GakasanJ©aytn; eRBaHGtævieRKaHza

o

CaZmμCat KWesckþIKitriHrk sÞÜyeLIgehIy .

²GakasminmanTIbMputpg GakasanJ©;enaH eQμaHza Gaytn;

bu¨Enþ minRtUveZVITukkñúgcitþza ²minmanTIbMput minmanTIbMput³

‘TIenAGaRs&y’

eRBaHGtæzaCaTIenAGaRs&y

dUcCa

eTvaytn;

dUecñHeT . kalRBHeyaKIenaHjúaMgcitþoRbRBwtþeTAer]y> kñúgnimitþ

‘TIenAGaRs&y’ rbs´BYkeTvta eRBaHGakasanJ©aytn;enaH Ca

enaH y¨agenHç nIvrN;TaMgLay k*rEmgsáb´rmáab´ sti EtgtaMg

GarmμN¾rbs´GarUbCÄan TI1 pg³ dUecñH tamn&ymunnu@HÉg . n&y

enAs)b´ citþ rEmgtaMgenAmaM edayóbcar; . RBHeyaKIenaH esB

mYyeT[t GarmμN¾ eQμaHza GakasanJ©aytn; eRBaHGtævieRKaH

cMerIn eZVIoeRcIner]y> nUvnimitþenaH . kalRBHeyaKIenaH eZVIy¨ag

za ²GakasanJ©;pg GakasanJ©;enaH eQμaHza Gaytn;‘CaTI

enH viJ¦aNJ©aytncitþ rEmgEGbCit ‘CaGb|na’ kñúgviJ¦aN

ekIt’ edayesckþIza CaTIkMeNIt dUcBaküza ²rdð kem¬aCa Ca

EdlpSayeTAkan´Gakas

Gaytn;‘CaTIkMeNIt’ énesHTaMgLay³ dUecñHCaedIm eRBaHGaka-

dUcCaGakasanJ©aytncitþ

EGbCit

sanJ©aytn;enaH CaTIedImkMeNIt rbs´QanenaHpg³ dUecñHxøH

kñúgGakas dUecñaHÉg . cMENkn&yénGb|na kñúgviJ¦aNJ©aytn;enH bNiÐtKb|I RCab tamn&yEdleBalehIy ‘kñúgGakasanJ©aytn;n@uH’ cuH .

k*:nEdr . eRBaHviJ¦aNJ©aytn;enH RBHeyaKI RtUvRbRBwtþknøg TaMg 2 y¨agenaH KWTaMgQan TaMgGarmμN¾ y¨agenHÉg edayeZVI

k*edayPavnanuRkm manRbmaNbu¨eNÑH RBHeyaKIenaH KW

minoRbRBwtþeTA nig edaymineZVITukkñúgcitþ bu¨eNÑaH eTIbcUlkan´

RBHmanRBHPaK Rtas´ehAza ²RbRBwtþknøgnUvGakasanJ©aytn;

viJ¦aNJ©aytn;enHehIyseRmc«riyabz eRBaHehtuNaç eRBaH

edayRbkarTaMgBYg ehIyeZVITukkñúgcitþ za ²viJ¦aNminmanTIbMput³

ehtuenaH Baküza ²knøgnUvGakasanJ©aytn;³ enH bNÐitKb|I

dUecñHehIycUlkan´viJ¦aNJ©aytn; sMerc«riyabz³ dUecñHÉg .

RCabza ²elakeBalehIy eZVInUvQan nig GarmμN¾TaMg 2 y¨ag

‘EkGtækñúgviJ¦aNJ©aytn;’ kñúgbTTaMgenaH bTza ²edayRbkarTaMgBYg³ enHmann&y dUceyIg:neBalmkehIyhñwgÉg .

cMENkkñúgBaküza ²RbRBwtþ

enaH cUlCamYyKña³ dUecñH . Rtg´Baküza ²GnnþM viJ¦aNM³ GZib|ayza RBHeyaKIeZVITuk kñúgcitþnUvviJ¦aNEdlRbRBwtþpSayeTA y¨agenHza Gakasminman


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TIbMput dUecñHenaHÉg za ²viJ¦aN minmanTIbMput³ dUecñH . n&y

énQanenaH EdlRbkbRBmehIyedaysm|yutþZm( dUcBaküza

mYyeT[t

eTvsæan

viJ¦aNenaH

minmanTIbMput

edayGMNacénkareZVITuk

rbs´eTvtaTaMgLay

eRBaHehtuenaH

QanenaH

eTIb

kñúgcitþ . EmnBit RBHeyaKIenaH kaleZVITukkñúgcitþnUvviJ¦aNEdl

eQμaHza viJ¦aNJ©aytn; ‘Qan manviJ¦aN minmanTIbMput Ca

manGakasCaGarmμN¾enaH edayminmanesssl´ eQμaHza eZVI

TIenAGaRs&y’ . Baküd*ess mann&ydUcBN(na munhñwgÉg .

Tukkñúgcitþza ²viJ¦aNminmanTIbMput³ dUecñH . sUm|IBaküNaEdl

enHCakzaedayBisþar kñúgviJ¦aNJ©aytnkmμdðan .

RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´ehIy kñúgviPg<za; Rtg´Baküza ²viJ¦aN

‘GakiJ©J¦aytn;’

minmanTIbMput³ KW Pikú¡ eZVITukkñúgcitþ cMeBaHGakasenaHpg Edl

‘198’

ÉRBHeyaKIGñkR:zñaedIm|IcMerInnUvGakiJ©J¦aytn;

Bal´RtUvehIy edayviJ¦aN pSayeTAkan´TIminmanTIbMput eRBaH

Kb|ICaGñkmankarRbRBwtþisÞat´ kñúgviJ¦aNJ©aytnsmabtþi eday

ehtuenaH eTIbeBalza ²viJ¦aN minmanTIbMput ‘1’³ dUecñHç bTza

Gakar;TaMgLay 5 ehIyeXIjnUveTas kñúgviJ¦aNJ©aytn; za

²viJ¦aeNn³ kñúgBaküenaH bNÐitKb|IRCabzaCa ttiyaviP&tþi ‘eRbI’ kñúgGtæ énTutiyaviP&tþi . eRBaHRBHGdðkzacarüTaMgLay BN(na nUvesckþIénbTenaH y¨agenHÉg . manGZib|ayza ²RBHeyaKI enaH pSayeTA KWeZVITukkñúgcitþ nUvviJ¦aNEdlBal´RtUvnUvGakas enaHÉg EdlminmanTIbMput³ . cMENkkñúgbTmatikaza ²cUldl´viJ¦aNJ©aytn; sMerc «riyabz³ enH manGtævieRKaHza ²TIbMput énviJ¦aNenaH minman eRBaHehtuenaH viJ¦aNenaH eQμaHza minmanTIbMput .

viJ¦aN

minmanTIbMputenaHÉg eQμaHza GanJ©; . elakmin:neBal za ²viJ¦aN CaGanJ©; eQμaHza viJ¦aNanJ©;³ dUecñH ‘Et’ eBalza ²viJ¦aNJ©;³ dUecñHvij . enHÉg Cas&BÞpuseLIg kñúgGtæenH . viJ¦aNJ©;enaH eQμaHzaGaytn; edayesckþIzaCaTIenAGaRs&y 1- GPiÇ viÇ PaKTI 81

TMB&rTI 288 .

²smabtþienH mansRtUvKWGakasanJ©aytn;d*Cit nig minlÁit dUcCaGakiJ©J¦aytn;eT³dUecñHehIy RKbsg,t´nUvesckþIeBjcitþ kñúgviJ¦aNJ©aytn;enaH eZVITukkñúgcitþnUvGakiJ©J¦aytn; eday za CaZmμCatd*lÁit ehIyeZVITukkñúgcitþ nUvkarminman nUvPaBesaH sUnü nUvGakar;EdlTeT énkardwgkñúgGakasanJ©aytn; Edl CaGarmμN¾énviJ¦aNJ©aytn;enaHÉg . sYrza Kb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþ y¨agdUcemþc / . eqøIyza minRtUveZVITukkñúgcitþ nUvviJ¦aNenaHeT Kb|InwkrMBwg eZVITukkñúgcitþ BicarNa za ²minman minman³ ß za ²esaHsUnü esaHsUnü³ ß za ²sáat´ sáat´³ dUecñH er]y> Kb|IeZVI Tukkñúgcitþ oCaZmμCatKWesckþIRtiHriHsÞÜyeLIgehIy oCaZmμCat KWesckþIriHKitsÞÜyeLIgehIy . kalRBHeyaKIenaH júaMgcitþo RbRBwtþeTAer]y> kñúgnimitþenaH y¨agenHç nIvrN;TaMgLayk*rEmg sáb´rmáab´ sti k*taMgenAs)b´ citþ rEmgtaMgenAmaM edayóbcar; .


visuTÆimK< ERb

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Garub|nieTÞs

RBHeyaKIenaH esB cMerIn eZVIoeRcIner]y> nUvnimitþenaH . kal

k*edayPavnanuRkmmanRbmaNbu¨eNÑH RBHeyaKIenaH RBH

RBHeyaKIenaH eZVIy¨agenHç GakiJ©J¦aytncitþ rEmgEGbCit kñúg

manRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ehAza ²RbRBwtþknøg nUvviJ¦aNJ©aytn;

PaBesaHsUnü PaBsáat´ ß PaBminman énmhK<tviJ¦aN Edl

edayRbkarTaMgBYg eZVITukkñúgcitþza ²minmanGVItictYceLIy³ cUl

RbRBwtþpSayeTAkan´GakasenaHÉg dUcCaviJ¦aNJ©aytn; ‘citþ’

kan´GakiJ©J¦aytn; seRmc«riyabz³ dUecñH .

‘EkGtækñúgGakiJ©J¦aytn;’

EGbEnb kñúgmhK<tviJ¦aN EdlpSayeTAkan´Gakas . cMENkn&yénGb|na sUm|IkñúgGakiJ©J¦aytn;enH bNÐit

sUm|IkñúgTIenH Baküza ²sBVesa³ k*mann&ydUcBN(namk

Kb|IRCabtamn&yEdleBalehIyn@uHÉg . EtenHCan&yviess .

ehIyenaHEdr . k*kñúgbTza ²viJ¦aNJ©aytnM³ enHÉg :ndl´

EmnBit kalebIGb|nacitþenaH ekIteLIgehIyç Pikú¡enaH eXIjnUv

TaMgQan TaMgGarmμN¾ EdlCaviJ¦aNJ©aytn; mann&yEdl

viJ¦aN ‘esckþIdwgc|as´’ EdlRbRBwtþeTA BÆd*Gakas edayckú¡

eBalmkehIy kñúgkalmundUcKñaEdr . EmnBit sUm|IGarmμN¾ k*

KWviJ¦aNJ©aytnCÄan kñúgkalmunç kalebIesckþIdwgc|as´enaH

eQμaHza viJ¦aNJ©aytn; eRBaHGtævieRKaHza ²viJ¦aN minmanTI

rlt´:t´eTAehIyç edaykareZVITukkñúgcitþnUvbrikmμza ²minman min

bMputpg viJ¦aNJ©;enaH eQμaHza Gaytn; edayesckþIza CaTI

man³ dUecñHCaedIm k*eXIjEtPaBminman eBalKWkiriyaeTAR:s

enAGaRs&y dUcBaküza eTvsæan ‘TIenAGaRs&y’ rbs´eTvtaTaMg

énesckþIdwgc|as´enaHEtbu¨eNÑaH seRmc«riyabz eRb[bdUcburs

Lay eRBaHviJ¦aNJ©;enaH CaGarmμN¾ rbs´GarUb|CÄan TIBIrpg³

eXIjnUvPikú¡sg¹EdlRbCMuKña edaykrNIykic©NamYy kñúgTITaMg

dUecñH tamn&ymunenaHÉg . n&ymYyEbbeT[t GarmμN¾k*eQμaHza

Lay

kñúgeBl

viJ¦aNJ©aytn; eRBaHGtævieRKaHza ²viJ¦aNJ©;pg viJ¦NJ©;

eRkakeLIgehIy

enaH eQμaHza CaGaytn;edayesckþIzaCaTIkMeNIt dUcBaküza

ec[secjeTAç k*mkvij QrRtg´TVar emIlnUvTIenaHeT[t k*eXIj

Ednkem¬aCa CaGaytn; ‘KWTIkMeNIt’ rbs´esHTaMgLay dUecñH

EtPaBsUnü eXIjEtPaBsáat´QwgbueNÑaHç esckþInwkKit Ebb

CaedIm eRBaHviJ¦aNJ©;enaH CaehtuCaTIkMeNIt rbs´QanenaH

enH minman dl´bursenaH za ²søab´ehIy! BYkPikú¡ manRbmaN

dUcKñaEdr³ dUecñHk*:n . GakiJ©J¦aytn;enH KWRBHeyaKIRtUvknøg

bu¨eNÑH eZVIkalkiriyaehIy ß ec[secjeTA:t´Gs´ehIy³ dUecñH

TaMg 2 y¨agenaH KWTaMgQan TaMgGarmμN¾ y¨agenH edaykarmin

ebItamBiteTA bursenaH eXIjnUvPaBminman za ²TIenHsUnü TIenH

eZVI ‘nUvviJ¦aNJ©aytn;enaH’ oRbRBwtþeTApg edaykarmineZVITuk

sáat´Qwg³ Etbu¨eNÑaH y¨agdUecñaHÉg .

kñúgcitþ ‘nUvviJ¦aNJ©aytn;enaH’ pg bu¨eNÑaH eTIbcUleTAsMerc

manTImNÐlCaedIm

Edlcb´kic©RbCMuhñwgÉg

ehIyk*eTAkñúgTIÉNamYyç

kalebIPikú¡TaMgLay


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sRmanþenA:n eRBaHehtuNaç eRBaHehtuenaH Baküza ²RbRBwtþ

rlt´ k*minmanEdr³ .

knøgnUvviJ¦aNJ©aytn;³ enH bNÐitKb|IRCabza ²elakeBal

BaküenH CaeQμaH énkarR:scakénviJ¦aN kñúgGakasanJ©a-

rYmykQan nig GarmμN¾ TaMg 2 y¨agenaH cUlCamYyKña³ .

ytn; . GakiJ©J¦;enaH eQμaHza Gaytn; edayesckþIza CaTI

Baküza ²ntiæ

Pav; énGakiJ©n; eQμaHza GakiJ©J¦; .

kiJ©i³ n@uH manGZib|ayza eZVITukkñúgcitþ

enAGaRs&y énQanenaH dUcCaBaküza eTvsæan rbs´eTvtaTaMg

y¨agenH za ²minman minman³ za ²esaHsUnü esaHsnü³ za

Lay eRBaHehtuenaH QanenaH eTIbeQμaHza GakiJ©J¦aytn;

²sáat´ sáat´³ dUecñH . sUm|IBaküNa EdlRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´

‘QanmanPaBminmanénviJ¦aNGVItictYcCaTIenAGaRs&y’ . Bakü

Rtas´ehIy kñúgviPg< za ; Rtg´bTza ²vtæútictYc minman³ KW Pikú¡

d*ess k*manesckþIdUcBakümunenaHEdr .

eZVIviJ¦aNenaHÉgminoman eZVIoR:scakeTA eZVIo:t´viJ¦aN

enHCakzaedayBisþar kñúgGakiJ©J¦aytnkmμdðan .

enaHeTA rEmgeXIj za ²vtæútictYc minman³ eRBaHehtuenaH eTIb

‘envsJ¦anasJ¦aytn;’

BaküenaH hak´dUcCa

‘199’ cMENkRBHeyaKavcr GñkR:zñaedIm|IcMerIn nUvenv-

elakeBalehIy nUvkarBicarNa edaykiriyaGs´eTA k*BitEmn

sJ¦anasJ¦aytn; Kb|ICaGñkmankarsÞat´RbRBwtþeTAehIy kñúg

ebITukCadUecñaH esckþIénBaküenaH bNÐitKb|Iyl´ dUc:neBal

GakiJ©J¦aytnsmabtþi edayGakarTaMgLay 5 eXIjnUveTas

mkehIy y¨agenHÉg . eRBaHza kalRBHeyaKI minnwkrMBwg min

kñúgGakiJ©J¦aytn; y¨agdUecñH za ²smabtþienH mansRtUv KW

eZVITukkñúgcitþ minBicarNa nUvviJ¦aNenaH eZVITukkñúgcitþEtPaBmin

viJ¦aNJ©aytn;d*Cit nig minlÁit dUcCaenvsJ¦anasJ¦aytn;

man PaBesaHsUnü PaBsáat´Qwg énviJ¦aNenaHEtmüa¨gbueNÑaH

eT³ dUecñH ß ‘eXIj’ za ²sJ¦a dUcCaeraKç sJ¦a dUcCabUsç

eTIbelakehAza eZVIminoman eZVIoR:scakeTA eZVIo:t´Gs´

sJ¦a dUcCakUnsrç ZmμCatnu@H lÁitç ZmμCatnu@H RbNItç ZmμCat

eTAç minEmn edayRbkar;déTeLIy³ dUecñH .

nu@HKWGVI/ ZmμCatnu@H KWenvsJ¦anasJ¦aytn;³ dUecñH nig ‘eXIj’

eBalza ²vtæútictYc minman ‘1’ ³ dUecñH .

ÉkñúgBaküza ²cUlkan´GakiJ©J¦aytn; seRmc«riyabz³

nUvGanisgS kñúgKuNEdlx¬g´x¬s´ ‘kñúgGarUbCÄanTI4’ ehIyRKb

enH manvieRKaHza ²GVItictYc énviJ¦aNenaH minman eRBaHehtu

sg,t´nUvesckþIeBjcitþ kñúgGakiJ©J¦aytn; eRscehIy eZVITuk

enaH viJ¦aNenaH eQμaHza minmanGVItictYc³ . GZib|ayza ²GVI

kñúgcitþ nUvenvsJ¦anasJ¦aytn; edayzaCaZm(d*lÁit Kb|Inwk

Edlesssl´ énviJ¦aNenaH edayTIbMputeTA sUm|IRtwmEtkar

rMBwgnUvGakiJ©J¦aytnsmabtþiEdleZVIPaBminmanoCaGarmμN ¾

1- GPiÇ

viÇ PaKTI 81 TMB&rTI 289 .

RbRBwtþeTAenaHÉg

Kb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþ Kb|IBicarNa Caer]y> za


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²lÁit lÁit³ dUecñH Kb|IeZVIoCaZmμCat KWesckþIRtiHriHsÞÜyeLIg

Baküza eTvaytn; rbs´eTvtaTaMgLay eRBaHGakiJ©;enaH Ca

ehIy

kalRBH

GarmμN¾ rbs´GarUb|CÄan TI 3 pg³ dUecñH tamn&ymunenaHÉg .

eyaKIenaHjúaMgcitþoRbRBwtþeTA kñúgnimitþenaH Caer]y> y¨agenHç

mYyeT[t GarmμN¾ eQμaHza GakiJ©J¦aytn; eRBaHGtævieRKaHza

nIvrN;TaMgLay rEmgsáb´rmáab´ sti k*taMgenAs)b´ citþ k*rEmg

²GakiJ©; pg GakiJ©; enaH eQμaHza Gaytn; ‘TIkMeNIt’ eday

taMgenAmaM edayóbcar; . RBHeyaKIenaH esB cMerIn eZVIoeRcIn

esckþIza CaTIkMeNIt dUcCaBaküza ²rdð kem¬aCa CaGaytn; ‘KW

nUvnimitþenaH er]y> . kalRBHeyaKIenaH eZVIy¨agenHç envsJ¦a-

TIkMeNIt’ rbs´esHTaMgLay³ dUecñHCaedIm eRBaHGakiJ©;enaHCa

nasJ¦aytncitþ rEmgEGbCit ‘CaGb|na’ kñúgxnÆTaMgLay 4

ehtuedImkMeNIt énQanenaHÉg pg³ dUecñH k*:n . envsJ¦a-

eBalKWGakiJ©J¦aytnsmabtþi dUcCaGakiJ©J¦aytn;‘citþ’ EGb

nasJ¦aytn;enH KWRBHeyaKI Kb|IknøgTaMg 2 y¨agenaH KWTaMg

Cit kñúgkareTAR:sénviJ¦aN dUecñaHÉg . cMENkn&yénGb|na

QanTaMgGarmμN¾y¨agenH edayeZVImino ‘GakiJ©J¦aytn;enaH’

kñúgGZikarenH bNÐitKb|IRCab tamn&yEdleBalehIyenaHcuH .

RbRBwtþeTA nig edaykarmineZVITukkñúgcitþ ‘nUvGakiJ©J¦aytn;’ Et

oCaZmμCat

KWesckþIriHKitsÞÜyeLIgehIy

.

KW

bu¨eNÑaH ehIyKb|IcUleTA seRmc«riyabz:n eRBaHehtuNaç

RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´ehAza ²RbRBwtþknøg nUvGakiJ©J¦aytn;

eRBaHehtuenaH Baküza ²RbRBwtþknøg nUvGakiJ©J¦aytn;³ enH

edayRbkarTaMgBYg ehIycUlkan´envsJ¦anasJ¦aytn; ehIy

bNÐitKb|IRCabza elakeBalehIy eRBaHrYmykTaMgQan nig

seRmc«riyabz³ dUecñH .

GarmμN¾ TaMg 2 y¨agnu@H cUlCamYyKña ³ dUecñH .

k*edayPavnanuRkmmanRbmaNbu¨eNÑH

RBHeyaKIenaH

‘EkGtækñúgenvsJ¦anasJ¦aytn;’

cMENkkñúgbTza ²envsJ¦anasJ¦aytnM³ enH GZib|ay

sUm|IkñúgTIenH bTza ²sBVesa³ enH k*mann&ydUceBal

za ²QanenH eQμaHza envsJ¦anasJ¦aytn; eRBaHman én

mkehIyhñwgÉg . sUm|IkñúgBaküza ²GakiJ©J¦aytnM smtik,ma³

sJ¦aNa sJ¦aenaH rEmgman dl´RBHeyaKI GñkRbtibtþiy¨ag

enH k*sMedAykTaMgQan TaMgGarmμN¾ EdlCaGakiJ©J¦aytn;

Na kñúgviPg< edIm|IsMEdgnUvesckþIRbtibtþirbs´RBHeyaKIenaH mun

tamn&yEdl:neBalmkehIy kñúgkalmunenaHÉg . BitEmn

eTIbelakelIkeLIg za ²envsJ¦InasJI¦³ dUecñHehIy eBalza

ehIy sUm|IGarmμN¾ k*eQμaHza GakiJ©J¦aytn; eRBaHGtævieRKaH

²RBHeyaKIenaH eZVITukkñúgcitþ nUvGakiJ©J¦aytn;enaHÉg edayza

za ²GakiJ©; ‘viJ¦aN minmanGVItictYc’ pg GakiJ©;enaH eQμaHza

CaZm(lÁit cMerInsmabtþimansg¡arsl´enA eRBaHehtuenaH eTIb

Gaytn; ‘TIenAGaRs&y’ edayesckþIza CaTIenAGaRs&y

elakeBalza

dUcCa

²envsJ¦InasJ¦I³ .

kñúgBaküTaMgenaH

Baküza


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²eZVITukkñúgcitþ edayzaCaZm(lÁit³ enaH esckþIza eZVITukkñúgcitþ nUv

GacarüTaMgLay CaGñkqøatEmnETn eZVInUvsil|;y¨agenH «tman

GakiJ©aytn;enaH za ²Casmabtþid*lÁit³ eRBaHmanGarmμN¾d*lÁit

Tas´eLIy³ dUecñH EtRBHraCtRmiH y¨agdUecñH za ²Ohñ@ GatμaGj

y¨agenHza ²smabtþienH lÁitGVIemø¨HeThñ@! emIlcuH smabtþiNaeTA

lHbg´raCsm|tþi

nwgeZVIsUm|InUvPaBminmanoCaGarmμN¾ ehIytaMgenA:n³ dUecñH .

dl´RBHraCaenaHeT . enaHeRBaHehtuGVI/ . eRBaHsirIraCsm|tþiman

ebImanBaküsYrza ²RBHeyaKI eZVITukkñúgcitþ edayzaCaZ(m

KuNeRcInCag . RBHGg<RTg´knøg nUvCagsil|;TaMgLayehIy k*

d*lÁit esckþIRbRBwtþiknøg Etgman y¨agdUcemþc/³ . Kb|IeqøIyza

esþcyageTAbu¨eNÑaHÉg y¨agNamijç ÉxagRBHeyaKIenH k*y¨ag

²esckþIRbRBwtþiknøg Etgman eRBaHPav;énRBHeyaKIenaH CaGñkmin

dUecñaHEdr eZVITukkñúgcitþnUvsmabtþienaH edayzaCaZm(d*lÁit k*Bit

R:zñaedIm|InwgcUl ‘GakiJ©J¦aytn;enaH’³ . EmnBit RBHeyaKI

EmnehIy ebITukCadUecñaH karnwkKit karrYbrYmcitþ kareZVITukkñúgcitþ

enaH eZVITukkñúgcitþ nUvGakiJ©J¦aytn;enaH edayzaCaZm(lÁit k*

za ²GatμaGjnwgrMBwgKit GatμaGjnwgcUl GatμaGjnwgGZidðan

BitEmnehIy ebITukCadUecñaH karnwkKit karrYbrYmcitþ kareZVITukkñúg

GatμaGjnwgecj GatμaGjnwgBicarNa nUvsmabtþinu@H³ dUecñHenH

citþ za ²GatμaGj nwgrMBwgKit GatμaGj nwgcUl GatμaGj nwg

minmaneLIydl´RBHeyaKIenaH . RBHeyaKIenaH kaleZVITukkñúgcitþ

GZidðan GatμaGjnwgecj GatμaGjnwgBicarNa nUvsmabtþin@uH³ dUecñHenH minmandl´RBHeyaKIenaHeT . sYrza ²eRBaHehtuGVI/³ . eqøIyza ²eRBaHPav;énenvsJ¦anasJ¦aytn; lÁitCag RbNIt CagGakiJ©J¦aytn;³ . eRb[bóbmadUcCaRBHraCa RTg´Kg´elI-k dMrId*RbesIr esþcyageTAelIzñl´ kñúgRBHnKr edayRBHraCanuPaB d*eRcIn RTg´TtRBHenRteXIj nUvCagGñkmansil|;TaMgLay man Cagqøak´PøúkCaedIm kMBugEtesø{ksMBt´mYy y¨agENnehIy yk sMBt´mYyCYtk|al manxøÜnRbLak´RbLÚs edaykMeTcTaMgLay mankMeTcPøúkCaedIm ehIyeZVInUvsil|;TaMgLayCaeRcIn manrcna PøúkeZVICarUbepSg> CaedIm ehIyRTg´eBjRBHT&y kñúgesckþIeqø{v qøatrbs´CagTaMgenaH edayRtas´bJ¢ay¨agenHza ²EnevIuy! Ohñ@!

nUvsmabtþienaH

ehIyeZVICaCagsil|;EbbenH³

edayzaCaZm(d*lÁit

dUecñH

minman

tamn&ydUc:neBalehIy

kñúgkalmunhñwgÉg eTIb:ndl´nUvsJ¦a Edldl´nUvGb|nad*lÁit suxuméRkElgenaH CasJ¦aEdlCaehtuo:neQμaHza envsJ¦InasJ¦I elakehAza ²cMerInnUvsmabtþi mansg¡arsl´enA ³ . Baküza

²sg¡aravesssmabtþw³ KW GarUb|smabtþi 4

Edlmansg¡ardl´nUvPaBsuxuméRkElg . ‘200’ kñúgkal«LÚvenH QanenHÉNa EdlelakehAza ²envsJ¦anasJ¦aytn;³ dUecñH edayGMNacénsJ¦a EdlRBH eyaKI:nseRmcy¨agenH edIm|IsMEdgnUvQanenaH edayesckþI eTIbRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´za ; Rtg´bTza ²envsJ¦anasJ¦a-

ytnM³ :ndl´ BYkZm( KW citþ nig ectsik rbs´buK<lGñkcUl


visuTÆimK< ERb kan´envsJ¦anasJ¦aytnCÄankþI envsJ¦anasJ¦aytnCÄan’ kþI

247

rbs´buK<lGñkRbkb

‘eday

rbs´buK<lGñkenACasux

kñúg

bc©úb|nñ ‘edayenvsJ¦anasJ¦aytnCÄan’kþI ‘1’ ³ dUecñH . kñúg buK<lTaMg 3 BYkenaH BYkZm( KWcitþ nig ectsik rbs´buK<lGñk cUlkan´

‘envsJ¦anasJ¦aytnCÄan’

elakGZib|ayehIy

248

Garub|nieTÞs

envsJ¦anasJ¦apg envsJ¦anasJ¦aenaH eQμaHza Gaytn; eRBaHesckþIza

CaTIenAGaRs&y

rbs´Zm(

d*essTaMgLaypg

eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbeQμaHza envsJ¦anasJ¦aytn; . k*kñúgGarUb|CÄan TI4 enH sJ¦a R:kddUecñH Etmüa¨g k*min EmnEdr .

tamBiteTA sUm|IevTna CaevTnak*minEmn minEmnCa

evTnak*minEmnç sUm|Icitþ Cacitþk*minEmn minEmnCacitþk*minEmnç

kñúgGZikarenH . ÉesckþIénBakü kñúgBaküza ²envsJ¦anasJ¦aytnM³ nu@H

sUm|IpsS; CapsS; k*minEmn minEmnCapsS; k*minEmn . kñúg

bNÐitKb|IRCabza ²QanenaH EdlRbkbRBmedaysm|yutþZ(m

sm|yutþZm( d*essTaMgLay k*n&yenHEdr .

eQμaHza

edayBit

enH bNÐitKb|IRCabza ²RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´eZVIehIy edayelIk

eRBaHminmansJ¦ad*eRKatRKat nig eRBaHmanEtsJ¦ad*lÁit eRBaH

yksJ¦aCaRbZan³ . mYyeT[t esckþIenH bNÐitKb|IBRgIk o

ehtuenaH QanenaH eTIbeQμaHza envsJ¦anasJ¦; ‘Qanmin

viess edayóbmaTaMgLay taMgGMBIer]geRbglab:Rt dUecñH .

mansJ¦ak*minEmn minmansJ¦ak*minEmn’ . envsJ¦anasJ¦;

:n»mkza sameNr ykeRbglab:RtehIy k*tMkl´

‘Qan’ pg envsJ¦anasJ¦; ‘Qan’ enaH eQμaHza Gaytn;

Tuk . kñúgeBlqan´bbr RBHezr; k*R:b´osameNrenaHyk:Rt

eRBaHrab´bJ©Úlkñúgmnaytn; nig Zmμaytn; pg eRBaHehtuenaH

mkRbeKn . sameNrenaH TUlza ²bBiRtRBHKuNm©as´d*cMerIn!

QanenaH eTIbeQμaHzaenvsJ¦anasJ¦aytn;‘Gaytn;KWQan

kñúg:Rt maneRbg³ . kñúgeBlenaH kalebIRBHezr; eBalza

mansJ¦ak*minEmn minmansJ¦ak*minEmn’³ dUecñH . mYyeT[t

²EnsameNr GñkcUrnaMykmkç xMú\nwgdak´RteLakeRbg oeBj³

kñúgGarUb|CÄan TI 4 enaH sJ¦aenH ÉNa sJ¦aenaH eQμaHza Ca

dUecñHehIyç sameNr k*TUlza ²bBiRtRBHKuNm©as´d*cMerIn eRbg

sJ¦a k*minEmnBit eRBaHsJ¦aenaH minmansmtæPaB edIm|IeZVInUv

minmaneT³ .

mansJ¦ak*minEmn

minmansJ¦ak*minEmn

k*RBHZm(eTsna

sJ¦akic© ‘muxnaTIénsJ¦a’ d*Cak´Esþg:n eQμaHza minEmnCa

kñúgBakü rbs´sameNrenaH Baküza ²eRbgman³ dUecñH

sJ¦a k*minEmn eRBaHCaZmμCatEdlman edayPav;énsg¡arEdl

k*RtUv edayesckþIza ‘eRbgenaH’ minKYr CamYynwgbbreT eRBaH

sl´enAd*suxum eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbeQμaHza envsJ¦anasJ¦a .

‘eRbg’manenAxagkñúg‘:Rt’ç Baküza²minman³k*RtUv edayGMNac

1- GPiÇ viÇ

PaKTI 81 TMB&rTI 291 .

énkic©karepSg>

mankarEzmRteLakeRbgCaedIm y¨agNamijç


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250

Garub|nieTÞs

sUm|IsJ¦aenH k*y¨agdUecñaHEdr eQμaHzasJ¦a k*minEmnBit eRBaH

minmank*rEmgman manehIyk*R:kdc|as´³ dUecñH . smabtþienH

minGacedIm|IeZVI nUvsJ¦akic© d*Cak´Esþg:n eQμaHza minEmnCa

dl´ehIy nUvesckþIlÁitsuxum edayRbkardUecñHÉg . mYyeT[t

sJ¦a k*minEmn eRBaHCaZmμCatEdlman edayPav;énsg¡arEdl

esckþIenH bNÐitKb|IeZVIoviess sUm|IedayóbmaedayTwkelI

sl´enA d*suxum .

pøÚv dUcCaóbmaedayeRbglab:Rt y¨agenaHk*:nEdr .

sYrza ²k*sJ¦akic©kñúgBaküenHKWGVI/³ . eqøIyza ²sJ¦akic©

:n»mkza sameNr nimnþeTAxagmuxRBHezr; Edlnimnþ

enaH KWkarcaM:nnUvGarmμN¾ 1 karcUldl´PaBCavis&y‘GarmμN¾’

elIpøÚv eXIjnUvTwkbnþic k*TUlza ²bBiRtRBHKuNm©as´d*cMerIn Twk

énvibsSna ehIyjúaMgesckþIen]yNay oekIteLIg 1 . k*

sUmRBHKuNm©as´edaHnUvEs|keCIgecj³ . lMdab´enaH kalebI

sJ¦aenaH sUm|Ikic©KWkarcaM:n ‘nUvGarmμN¾’ k*minGacedIm|IeZVI o

RBHezr;eBal za ²EnsameNr ebITwkmanç cUrGñknaMyksMBt´

Cak´c|as´:n eRb[bdUcCaZatuePøIg kñúgTwkekþA minGaceZVIkic©KWkar

sMrab´Rsg´Twkmk x\úMnwgRsg´Twk³ dUecñHç sameNr TUlza ²bBiRt

duteqH:neLIy

RBHKuNm©as´d*cMerIn TwkminmaneT³ .

y¨agenaHÉg

. sUm|IkarcUldl´PaBCavis&y

énvibsSnaehIy júaMgniBViTaoekIteLIg dUcCasJ¦a kñúgsmabtþi

kñúgBaküsameNrenaH

Baküza

²Twkman³

k*RtUv

eRBaH

d*essTaMgLay k*minGacedIm|IeZVI:nEdr . eRBaHza Pikú¡CaGñk

esckþIzaRtwmEtTTwkEs|keCIg Baküza ²Twkminman³ k*RtUv eRBaH

min:neZVIGPinievs

ehIy

esckþIza‘Twkminmanlμmnwg’ gUt:n y¨agNamijç sUm|IsJ¦a

nUvenvsJ¦anasJ¦aytnk¡nÆ

enaH k*y¨agdUecñaHEdr eQμaHza CasJ¦a k*minEmn eRBaHminGac

TaMgLayehIy :nseRmcdl´niBViTa rEmgminman . eGIEmn!

edIm|IeZVInUvsJ¦akic© d*Cak´c|as´:n eQμaHza minEmnCasJ¦a k*

k*manEtRBHsarIbuRtd*manGayu ß elakGñkmanbJ¦aeRcIn CaGñk

minEmn eRBaHCaZmμCatman

EdlBicarNaeXIjc|as´tamRbRktI

dUcCaRBHsarIbuRthñwgÉg

lÁitsuxum . k*esckþIenH bNÐitKb|IeZVIoviess edayóbmaTaMg

eTIbGac ‘BicarNanUvenvsJ¦anasJ¦aytnxnÆehIyeZVIosMerc

LayenHÉg Etmüa¨g min:neLIy Kb|IeZVIoviess edayóbma

dl´niBViTa:n’ .

TaMgLaydéTeT[t EdlsmKYr k*:nEdr .

eQμaHza

‘KWvibsSna’

kñúgxnÆTaMgLayÉeT[t

CaGñkGacedIm|IBicarNa

sUm|IRBHsarIbuRtenaH k*Gac ‘eZVI:n’ eday

GMNacénkarBicarNaCaklab ‘KWRkum’ Etbu¨eNÑaH minGac ‘eZVI’ edayGMNacénkarBicarNaeXIjZm( tamlMdab´bT:neT eRBaH elakyl´eXIjza ²:n»za Zm(TaMgLayenH y¨agdUecñHÉg KW

edayPav;énsg¡arEdlsl´enA

d*

Baküza ²cUleTAkan´ÇÇÇseRmc«riyabz³ enH mann&ydUc eBalmkehIyhñwgÉg . enHCakza edayBisþar kñúgenvsJ¦anasJ¦aytnkmμdðan .


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251

bkiNÑkkza ‘201’

RBHnaz;RTg´manRBHrUbminmanbuK<leRb[b

eRkay>

TaMgLay 5 EdlRbNIt edayGMNacénkarbeRmI mankiriyaraM

enH sUm|Iman 4 edaykarRbRBwtþiknøgnUvGarmμN¾

eRc[gç karRbKMudUrt®nþIç eRK]gRkGUbç p,akRmgç ePaCnç TIedk nig

‘Et’ GñkR:C\TaMgLayminR:zñanUvkarRbRBwtþiknøg

eRK]gesø{kBak´EdlCaTiBVCaedIm

nUvGg< énsmabtþiTaMgLayenaHeT . bNÐitKb|IRCabza

sUm|Iman 4 edaykarRbRBwtþiknøgnUvGarmμN¾ edayRbkarTaMgBYg KW kñúgsmabtþiTaMg 4 enaH smabtþi TI1 man edaykarRbRBwtþi knøgnUvrUbnimitþ TI 2 edaykarRbRBwtþiknøgnUvGakas TI3 eday karRbRBwtþiknøgnUvviJ¦aNEdlRbRBwtþeTA kñúgGakas TI 4 eday karRbRBwtþiknøgnUvkareTAR:sénviJ¦aNEdlRbRBwtþeTAkñúgGakas EtbNÐitTaMgLay minR:zña nUvkarRbRBwtþiknøgnUvGg< énsmabtþi TaMgLayenaHeT . eRBaHza karRbRBwtþiknøgnUvGg< kñúgsmabtþiTaMg LayenaH Etgman dUcCakñúgrU:vcrsmabtþiTaMgLay k*eTEdr . sUm|IRKb´y¨ag

Gg<Qan 2 y¨agbu¨eNÑaH KW óebk¡a 1 cietþkK<ta 1 . sUm|IkalebIehtudUecñaH manBitEmn .

‘smabtþiedIm>’

dUcCa BÆd*épÞeRkaménR:saT Edlman 4 Can´ kamKuN

EmnBit GarUb|smabtþiTaMgLay

kñúgsmabtþiTaMgLayenaH

rEmgRbNItlÁCag

xag

óbma kñúgesckþIRbNItlÁCagKñaenaH .

RtUvdwgc|as´bkiNÑkkza kñúgGarUb|;enaHeT[tpg.

BitEmnehIy

smabtþiTaMgLay

bNiÐtKb|IRCab‘er]g’ épÞR:saT nig sMBt´ Ca

bNÐit:nRCabnUvGarUb|; 4 enaH y¨agenHehIy

GarUb|smabtþiTaMgLayenH

Garub|nieTÞs

kñúgGarUb|smabtþienH

pÞwmesμI:n RTg´Rtas´nUvGarUb|; 4 Rbkar ÉNaç

EmnBit

252

manEt

Kb|ICarbs´EdltaMgTukehIyç

kñúgCan´TI 2 bJ©kamKuN RbNItCagCan´eRkamenaHç kñúgCan´TI 3 RbNItCagCan´TI 2 enaHç kñúgCan´TI 4 RbNItCageKTaMgGs´ç kñúgesckþIóbmaenaH Can´TaMgLay 4 enaH KWCaépÞR:saThñwgÉgç esckþIEbøkKña edayPaBCaépÞR:saT énCan´TaMg 4 enaH minman k*BitEmnehIy TukCay¨agdUecñaH Can´xagelI> CaCan´RbNItCag Can´xageRkam > edaymanesckþIbribUN( énbJ©kamKuNEbøkKña y¨agNamijç mYyeT[t sMBt´ Tmán´4 bl;ç Tmán´3 bl;ç Tmán´ 2 bl; Tmán´1 bl; énGMe:HEdleRKIm m¨t´ m¨t´Cag m¨t´CageK TaMgGs´

Edl®sþImñak´révehIy

TaMgbeNþayTaMgTTwgç

Kb|ICasMBt´EdlmanxñatesμIKña

kñúgesckþIóbmaenaH

sMBt´TaMgLay

4

enaH manxñatesμIKña TaMgbeNþayTaMgTTwgç esckþIEbøkKña eday xñat énsMBt´TaMg 4 enaH minman k*BitEmnehIy

EtebITukCa

dUecñaH sMBt´eRkay> CasMBt´RbNItCagsMBt´mun> edayman


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Garub|nieTÞs

smäsSTn´élμ mansac´m¨t´ nig mantémøeRcIn y¨agNaç sUm|I

nig bursEdlGaRs&ynUvbursCab´mNÐbenaHç bursTaMg 2 nak´

kñúgGarUb|smabtþiTaMg 4 k*manGg< 2 enH dUcKñaEdr KWóebk¡a 1

enaH lM:kehIyç ÉkarZøak´cuHeTA kñúgeRCaHénmNÐb nwgman dl´

cietþkK<ta 1 k*BitEmn ebITukCadUecñaH bNÐitKb|IRCabza ²kñúg

bursTaMg 2 nak´enaH eT[gTat´Nas´ç eNØIycuH GatμaGj Qr

smabtþienH smabtþixageRkay> CasmabtþiRbNItlÁCag eRBaH

enAxageRkAenH:nehIy³ dUecñH . bursenaH minGaRs&ynUvburs

Pav;énsmabtþienaHRbNIt nigRbNItCagGg<TaMgLayenaHeday

EdlGaRs&ynUvbursxagedImenaHeT k*:nQrenAehIy BÆd*xag

esckþIviessénPavna k*y¨agdUecñaHEdr³ . k*GarUb|smabtþiTaMg

eRkAhñwgÉg . RKaenaH Rsab´Etbursmñak´eT[tmk sMKal´nUvburs

nu@H CasmabtþiRbNIt nig RbNItCag edaylMdab´ dUecñHÉg .

EdlKitnUvesckþIminekSmkSanþ énbursEdlCab´ kñúgmNÐl nig bursEdlGaRs&y

‘GarUb|; 4 óbmaedayburs 4 nak´’

bursmñak´Cab´eTIr Rtg´TImNÐbEdlminsÁat burs mñak´eT[tGaRs&ynUvbursmñak´enaHç bursdéTeT[t minGaRs&ybursenaHeT ‘QrenA’ xageRkAç nig bursmñak´eT[t :nQrGaRs&y nUvbursEdlQr enAxageRkAenaHehIyç GarUb|smabtþiTaMg 4 Gñk R:C\Kb|IRCab

edayPaBCaZmμCatesμIKña

eday

bursTaMgLay 4 enH edaylMdab´cuH .

nUvbursGñkCab´mNÐbenaHpg

xageRkAhñwgÉgQrenAy¨aglÁ

eTIbGaRs&y

ehIyQrenA

nUvbursEdlQr

enAxageRkAenaH :nQrenAehIy . GakasRtg´TIEdlksiNebIk bNÐitKb|IeXIj odUcCa mNÐb kñúgTIEdlminsÁat kñúgóbmaenaH . GakasanJ©aytn; EdlmanGakasCaGarmμN¾ eRBaHex¬ImreGImnUvrUbnimitþ bNÐitKb|I eXIjza dUcCabursEdlCab´mNÐb eRBaHex¬ImTIEdlminsÁat . viJ¦aNJ©aytn; EdlR:rBÆ nUvGakasanJ©aytn; Edlman GakasCaGarmμN¾

ehIyRbRBwtþeTA

bNÐitKb|IeXIjza

dUcCa

enH CaBaküRbkbesckþI kñúgóbmaenaH . maner]gmkza

bursEdlGaRs&y nUvbursEdlCab´mNÐb . GakiJ©J¦aytn;

manmNÐbmYy enARtg´TIEdlminsÁat . RKaenaH bursmñak´ mk

EdlmineZVI nUvGakasanJ©aytn; oCaGarmμN¾ manPaBminman

ehIy k*ex¬ImnUvTIminsÁatenaH eTIbykédetagnUvmNÐbenaHehIy

viJ¦aNenaHCaGarmμN¾ bNÐitKb|IeXIjza dUcCabursEdlKitnUv

k*Cab´enAkñúgmNÐbenaH dUcCaeKBüÜrTukehIy . bnÞab´mk burs

esckþIminekSmkSanþ énbursTaMg 2 nak´enaH eTIbminGaRs&ynUv

mYyeT[t mkehIy k*GaRs&ynUvbursEdlCab´kñúgmNÐbenaH .

bursEdlCab´mNÐbenaH ehIyk*:nmkQrenAxageRkA . env-

bursepSgeT[t mkdl´ehIy Kitza ²bursGñkEdlCab´kñúgmNÐb

sJ¦anasJ¦aytn; EdlR:rBÆ nUvGakiJ©J¦aytn; EdlfitenA


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Garub|nieTÞs

Rtg´TIxageRkA eBalKWPaBminmanviJ¦aN ehIyRbRBwtþeTA bNÐit

y¨agNamijç envsJ¦anasJ¦aytn;enH kalmin:nGarmμN¾

Kb|IeXIjza dUcCabursEdlsMKal´ nUvbuK<lEdlKit nUvesckþI

déT

minekSmkSanþ énbursEdlCab´mNÐb nig GñkEdlGaRs&yburs

ehIyoCaGarmμN¾ k*y¨agdUecñaHEdr . k*envsJ¦anasJ¦aytn;

GñkCab´mNÐbenaHpg ehIy:nQrenAxageRkAenaHÉgza ²CaGñk

enH kaleZVIy¨agdUecñH

Qr:nlÁehIy³ dUecñH eTIbGaRs&ynUvbursenaH fitenAehIy . k*envsJ¦anasJ¦aytn;enH kalRbRBwtþeTA y¨agdUecñH

rEmgeZVInUvGakiJ©J¦aytn;enaHoCaGarmμN¾ eRBaH

nUvkMBUlPñM ‘eRBaHminmanGVInwgRbetag’ ß eRb[b

GZib|ayza envsJ¦anasJ¦aytn;enH RtUveZVInUvGakiJ©J¦aytn;enaH sUm|ICamaneTasEdleXIjehIy y¨agdUecñH za oCa

GarmμN¾ eRBaHminmanGarmμN¾déTeT[t . eRb[bdUcGVI/ . eRb[b dUcCa ‘RbCa’ Cn RtUvGaRs&yRBHraCa sUm|ImaneTasEdleXIj ehIyRbRBwtþeTA eRBaHkarciJ©wmCIvitCaehtu dUecñaH . GZib|ayza ‘RbCa’Cn kalmin:nnUvkarciJ©wmCIvit kñúgRbeTsdéT caM:c´RtUv GaRs&yRBHraCamYyGg< CaZMkñúgTVIbTaMgmUl CaGñkminsRgYm man esckþIRbRBwtþitampøÚvkay vaca nig citþ ezakTab sUm|ICaGñkman eTasEdlbuK<leXIjehIyza ²RBHraCaenH CaGñkmankarRbRBwtþi ezakTab³ dUecñH rEmgRbRBwtþeTA

ehIy RbRBwtþeTA ‘eRBaHminmanGVIetag’ eRb[b

nig eRb[bdUcCabuK<leLIgkMBUlPñM ehIyRbetag

RbRBwtþeTA eRBaHkarciJ©wmCIvitCaehtu dUecñaH .

dUecñH

k*EtgEtetagCab´ ‘nUvGakiJ©J¦aytn;’QanenaH

k*Rbetag ‘nUvem’CeNþIr ‘eRBaHminmanGVInwgetag’

GaRs&y nUvRBHraCa sUm|ICaGñkmaneTas R:kd

mansRtUvKWviJ¦aNJ©aytn;enACit³

sUm|ImaneTasEdleXIj

dUcCabuK<leLIgCeNþIrEvg ‘dl´kaMxagelIehIy’

minmanGarmμN¾déTeT[t eRb[bdUcCa ‘RbCa’Cn

²smabtþienH

k*RtUveZVInUvGakiJ©J¦aytn;enaH

eRBaHkiriyaciJ©wmCIvitCaehtu

dUcCabuK<leLIgPñM

ehIyTb´Tl´Cg<g´

rbs´xøÜn

hñwgÉg ‘eRBaHminmanGVInwgTb´Tl´’ dUecñaHÉg . briecäT TI10 eQμaHGarUb|nieTÞs kñúgGZikarénsmaZiPavna kñúgbkrN¾viess eQμaHvisuTÆimK< KWx\úMrcnaehIy edIm|IRbeyaCn¾ dl´esckþIrIkrayrbs´saZuCn y¨agdUecñHÉg . v

Í

v

:ner[ber[gcb´ ézáRBhs|ti¾ 2 ekIt ExbusS BÇsÇ2550 ézáTI21 ExZñÚ qñaM 2006


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257

‘GahaerbdikUlsJ¦a’ ‘202’

kñúgkal«LÚvenH karsMEdgecjnUvkarcMerIn én

karsMKal´za bdikUl kñúgGahar EdlelakelIkykmksMEdg y¨agenH za ²sJ¦a mYy³ dUecñH bnÞab´GMBIGarUb|nieTÞs mkdl´ ehIytamlMdab´ . kñúgkarsMKal´za bdikUl kñúgGaharenaH bNÐitKb|IRCab esckþIvinicä&y tUcteTA ;

sPaBNa EtgnaMmk eRBaHehtuenaH

sPaBenaH eQμaHza Gahar ‘sPaBGñknaMmk’ . GaharenaH man 4 y¨ag KW kBLig,araharç psSaharç menaseJ©tnaharç viJ¦aNahar . sYrza ²k*kñúgGaharTaMg 4 y¨agn@uH Gahary¨agNa Etg naMGVImk/ ³ . eqøIyza ²kBLig,arahar EtgnaMmk nUvrUb EdlmanOCa Ca KRmb´8 . psSahar EtgnaMmknUvevTna 3 . menaseJ©tnahar EtgnaMmknUvbdisnÆi kñúgPBTaMg 3 . viJ¦aNahar EtgnaMmk nUv namrUb kñúgxN; énbdisnÆi .

258

smaZinieTÞs

EdleRb[bedaysac´rbs´kUnç psSahar bNÐitKb|IsMEdgeday RBHOvaT EdleRb[bedayemeKaminmanEs|kç menaseJ©tnahar bNÐitKb|IsMEdg edayRBHOvaT EdleRb[bedayPñk´énregIkePøIgç viJ¦aNahar bNÐitKb|IsMEdg edayRBHOvaT EdleRb[beday muxénlMEBg .

‘GaharEdlR:zñakñúgkmμdðanenH’ EtkñúgGaharTaMg 4 enH kBLig,arahar EdlEckCarbs´ sIu pwk TMBa nig PøkS bu¨eNÑaH KWelakb¨gykehIyza ²Gahar³ kñúgesckþIenH .

esckþIsMKal´ EdlekIteLIg edayGMNacén

karkan´yknUvGakar;EdlKYrex¬Im kñúgGaharenaH eQμaHza esckþI sMKal´za KYrex¬Im kñúgGahar . RBHeyaKIGñkR:zñaedIm|IcMerInnUv GahaerbdikUlsJ¦aenaH Kb|Ier[nnUvkmμdðan minoPøaMgPøat´GMBIkar Edler[nmksUm|IEtmYybT eTAkñúgTIsáat´Etmñak´ÉgsmáMenA ehIy RtUvBicarNa nUvPaBbdikUl kñúgkBLig,arahar EdlEckCarbs´ sIu pwk TMBa nig liTÆPøkS edayGakar;TaMgLay 10 . Gakar; TaMg 10 enH KWGVIxøH / .

KW ;

1- Kmneta

bdikUledaydMeNIredIrç

2- brieysneta

bdikUledaykarEsVgrkç

3- briePaKeta

bdikUledaykarbriePaKç

4- Gasyeta

bdikUledayTIGaRs&yç

man kñúgviJ¦aNahar . k*kñúgGaharTaMgLayenH EdlmanP&y

5- niZaneta

bdikUledaykEnøgtMkl´enAkñúgépÞç

cMeBaH y¨agenH

6- Gbribk,eta

bdikUledayPaBEdlminTan´rlYyç

‘P&yekIteRBaHGaharCaehtu’ kñúgGaharTaMg 4 enaH P&yKWkarmineRtkGr Etgman kñúg kBLig,araharç P&yKWkarcUleTArk Etgman kñúgpsSaharç P&y KWkarekItÉg Etgman kúñgmenaseJ©tnaharç P&yKWbdisnÆi Etg

kBLig,arahar bNÐitKb|IsMEdg edayRBHOvaT


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260

smaZinieTÞs

7- bribk,eta

bdikUledayPaBEdlrlYyehIyç

bdikUlCagxagkñúgbnÞb´ eRBaHeBlxøH RtUvvtæúbdikUl manGacm¾

8- pleta

bdikUledayplç

kNþúr nig Gacm¾Rbec[vCaedIm eZVIoxUcxatehIyç bnÞab´mk RtUv

9- nisSnÞeta

bdikUledayhUrecjç

emIlCan´xageRkam‘kudi’EdlbdikUlCagCan´xagelI eRBaHeBlxøH

10- smμk¡neta

bdikUledayRbLak´RbLÚs .

‘bdikUledaydMeNIredIr’ ‘203’ kñúgbTTaMg10 enaH bTza ²Kmneta³ enaH esckþI za esckþIbdikUledaydMeNIredIr KWRBHeyaKIKb|IBicarNa eday

RtUvRbLak´edayGacm¾em[m nig Gacm¾RBabCaedImç bnÞab´mk RtUv emIlbrievN EdlbdikUlCagCan´xageRkam‘énkudi’ eRBaHeBlxøH KRKicehIyedayesμA nig søwkeQIcas´> EdlRtUvxül´bk´mk edaybsSav; óc©ar; Twkmat´ nig TwksMe:r énBYksameNr

n&yy¨agenH za ²GñkbYs kñúgsasna EdleQμaHzamanGanuPaB

EdlmanCmáW nig edayTwknigPk´CaedIm kñúgrdUvePø{gç RtUvemIlpøÚv

eRcIn

nUvsmNZm(kþI

eTAviharEdlbdikUlCagbrievNeTAeT[tç mYyeT[t GñkbYsenaH

rhUtTaMgraRtI eRkakeLIgehIyGMBIRBwkRBlwm eZVIvtþRtg´lanRBH

zVaybgM<nUveBaZiRBwkS nig RBHectiy edaylMdab´ehIy RtUvQr

ectiy nig vtþRtg´laneBaZiRBwkS tMkl´TwksMrab´qan´ TwksMrab´

enA Rtg´kEnøgEdlQrRtiHriH ehIyRtiHriH za ²GatμaGj nwgmin

eRbIR:s´ e:ssMGatTIbrievN CRmHnUvsrIr;ehIy eLIgkan´TI

RtUvRkeLkemIlRBHectiyEdldUcCakgénEkvmukþa nig edImeBaZi-

Gasn; eZVITukkñúgcitþnUvkmμdðan Gs´ 20-30 dg ehIy eRkak

RBwkSd*CaTIKab´citþdUcCasøabknÞúyénstVekáak nig nUvesnasn;

eLIg cab´yk:Rt nig cIvr lHbg´nUvte:v&n ‘KWéRBCaTIeZVInUv

EdlmansirI dUcCasm|tþiéneTBVvimanehIy EbrxñgeTAkan´TIEdl

te:kmμ’ EdlCaTIR:scakCneb[tes[t suxsb|aydl´vievk

CaTIrIkray eQμaHy¨agenH ehIyeTA eRBaHGaharCaehtu³ dUecñH

dl´RBmedaymøb´ nig Twk sÁatlÁ RtCak´ CaTIfanEdlCaTIrIk

ehIy ec[secjeTA k*edIreTAkan´pøÚveTAkan´RsukehIy RtUvemIl

rayehIy minsmøwgnUvesckþIeRtkGrkñúgvievk EdlCaGriyKuN

pøÚvEdlmandg<t´ nig bnøapg pøÚvEdlRtUvkMLaMgTwkeRcaHehIy nig

Kb|Imanmuxeq¬aHeTAkan´Rsuk

edIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´Gahar

pøÚvminrabesμIpgç bnÞab´mk GñkbYsRtUvesø{ks|g´ ‘edaykarnwk

dUcCaEq,cck manmuxeq¬aHeTAkan´TIsμsandUecñaH kalnimnþeTAy¨ag

Kit’ dUcsMBt´biTnUvbUs cgnUvvtæBnÆ dUccgsMBt´ruMdMe¶ RKgcIvr

enH cab´taMgBIcuHecjGMBIERK ß taMgeTAehIy k*RtUvCan´TIkRmal

‘edaykarnwkKit’ dUcCaRKbnUveRKagqÁwg naMyk:Rtecj ‘eday

EdleBareBjeTAedayeRK]gminsÁat mankMeTcZUlICab´eCIg nig

karnwkKit’ dUcCanaMyknUvPaCn;sMrab´RckzñaM mkdl´TICiténTVar

lamkstVCIgck´CaedImç bnÞab´BIenaH RtUvemIlmuxCaRbZan Edl

Rsuk k*nwgeXIjnUvsaksBepSg> dUcsaksBdMrIxøH saksB

y¨agenH

eZVIkarsVaZüaynUvRBHBuTÆvcn;kþI

nimnþeTA


visuTÆimK< ERb esHxøH

saksBeKaxøH

261

smaZinieTÞs

saksBmnusSxøH

edayGacm¾dInigkMeTcesμA EdlebIugeLIgehIy edaykMLaMgxül´ç

nwgRtUvEtemIlEtmüa¨g

eTAdl´mat´TVarpÞHenaH> ehIy k*RtUvCYbRbTH eBlxøH RtUvCan´nUv

k*minEmnEdr sUm|IkøinénsaksBTaMgenaHEdlmkb¨HnUvRcmuH k*Ca

reNþARCaM nig zøúkRCaM EdlRcbUkRcbl´ edayrbs´minsÁat man

er]gEdlRtUvGt´RTaMpgEdrç bnÞab´mk GñkbYs RtUvEtQrRtg´TVar

TwklagRtIç Twklagsac´ç TwklagGg,rç Twkmat´ç TwkRcmuH nig

cUlRsuk ehIyRkeLkemIlnUvpøÚvedIreTAkñúgRsuk edIm|IRbeyaCn¾

lamkEq, nig RCUkCaedIm EdledrdasehIy edayhVÚgdg,Úv nig

dl´kareKcevHnUvGnþray mandMrIkac nig Eq,kacCaedIm .

ruyk|alex[vCaedIm EdlCaTIkEnøgEdlstVruykñúgRsukehIreLIg

saksBBs´xøH

saksBRkbIxøH

262

saksBEq,CaedImxøH

rbs´bdikUl

maneRK]gkRmalCaxagedIm

mansaksB

mkTMEGbelIsg¹adIxøH elI:RtxøH elIk|alxøHç kalbBVCitenaH

eRcInCaGenkCabrieyasan dUc:neBalmkdUecñHenH Caer]gEdl

sUm|IcUleTAdl´pÞHehIy m©as´pÞHBYkxøHRbeKn BYkxøHminRbeKneT

GñkbYs RtUvGt´sg,t´pg RtUvsMLwgemIlpg RtUvhitkøinpg eRBaH

sUm|IGñkEdlRbeKn BYkxøH RbeKnEt:yEdldaMehIy kalBIézá

GaharCaehtuç

mSilxøH

esckþIbdikUl

edaydMeNIredIr KWRBHeyaKIKb|I

nUvrbs´qan´Edlesssl´xøH

nUvsmømansmøsENþk

BicarNaoeXIj y¨agdUecñHza ²Ohñ! Gñkd*cMerIn Gahar Carbs´

EdlpÁÚmCaedImxøHç BYkGñkminRbeKnesat GñkxøHeBalza ²bBiRt

bdikUlKYrex¬ImEmnhñ@ ³ dUecñH .

RBHKuNm©as´ cUrnimnþeR:sstVeTAxagmuxcuH³ dUecñH Etbu¨eNÑaHç

‘bdikUledaykarEsVgrk’

EtBYkxøHenAesá{mQwg eZVIhak´bIdUcCamineXIjç BYkxøH k*Ebrmux

‘204’ ‘esckþIbdikUl’ edaykarEsVgrk etIdUcemþc / .

eTATIdéT‘Ebrmuxecj’ç BYkxøH k*ERskRTeKaH edayBaküGaRkk´>

esckþIbdikUledaykarEsVgrk KWRBHeyaKI RtUvBicarNaoeXIj

za ²En evIy! mnusSk|alRtegal eTAeTA³ dUecñHCaedImç BitEmn

c|as´y¨agenHza ²bBVCit sUm|IGt´Zn´nUvesckþIbdikUl kñúgkareZVI

eTaHbICay¨agenHk*eday bBVCit RtUvEtRtac´eTAbiNÐ:t kñúgRsuk

dMeNIry¨agenHehIy cUleTAkan´Rsuk XøMúedaysMBt´sg¹adI RtUv

dUcCamnusSkMRBa ehIyecjeTA y¨agenHÉg .

EtRtac´eTAtamdgzñl´ kñúgRsuk tamlMdab´pÞH dUcCamnusSkMRBa

rbs´bdikUl manreNþATwkRCaMCaedIm dUceBalmkdUecñHenH

manédkan´GMEbg Rtac´eTAdUecñaHç Rtg´pøÚvÉNa kñúgrdUvePø{g elITI

Carbs´EdlbBVCitRtUvCan´pg

EdlCan´ehIy> eCIgTaMgLaycUleTA kñúgTwk nig Pk´ rhUtdl´

cab´taMgGMBIcUleTA kñúgRsuk rhUtdl´ecjmkvij k*eRBaHGahar

sac´sμgç bBVCit RtUvEtkan´:Rt edayédmYy elIkcIBredayéd

CaehtuedayBitR:kdç Ohñ@ Gñkd*cMerIn Gahar Carbs´bdikUl

mYyç kñúgrdUvekþA RtUvEtRtac´eTA TaMgragkayRbLak´RbLÚsehIy

KYrex¬ImreGIm BitEmnhñ@!³ dUecñHÉg .

RtUvCYbRbTHpg

RtUvGt´sg,t´pg


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‘bdikUledaykarbriePaK’

264

smaZinieTÞs

enH manBN( køin nig kartak´Etgd*viess vinas:t´Gs´ehIy

‘205’ ‘esckþIbdikUl’ edaykarbriePaK etIdUcemþc / .

kñúgxN;enaHPøam rEmgcUldl´PaBKYrex¬ImreGImy¨agéRkElg dUc

esckþIbdikUledaykarbriePaK KWRBHeyaKI RtUvBicarNaoeXIj

CakMGYtEq,EdlenAkñúgsñÚk:yEq,dUecñaHç biNÐ:tenaH sUm|IR:kd

c|as´ y¨agenHza ²k*esckþIbdikUl edaykarbriePaK bBVCitGñk

y¨agdUecñH

manGaharEdlEsVgrk:nmkehIy y¨agenH Gg<úytamsb|ay

knøgnUvKnøgénckú¡³ dUecñHÉg .

k*Carbs´EdlRtUvEtelbcUleTA

kñúgTIEdlsb|ay xageRkARsuk RtUveXIj y¨agenHza ²Gñkmin

eRBaHbiNÐ:tenaH

‘bdikUledayTIGaRs&y’

Tan´lUkédcUleTA kñúgGaharenaH drabNa GñkeXIj nUvPikú¡Edl

‘206’ ‘esckþIbdikl’ edayTIGaRs&y etIdUcemþc / .

KYreKarBkþI nUvmnusSEdlmankareG[nxμaskþI R:kddUecñaHehIy k*

esckþIbdikUledayTIGaRs&y RBHeyaKIKb|IBicarNa y¨agenHza

Gacnimnþ ‘oqan´nUvGaharenaH’ :ndrabenaHç bu¨EnþRKan´EtbBVCit

²k*GaharenaH Edl:nbriePaKcUleTAehIyy¨agenH kalcUleTA

enaH dak´édcUleTA kñúgGaharenaH edaymanbMNgnwgqan´ kal

BÆd*xagkñúgç bNþaTIGaRs&y‘Gasy;’ TaMgLaybYn KWTIGaRs&y

eBalza²cUrGñkTTYlcuH³ dUecñH RtUvmanEtkarxμaseG[nç k*kalebI

rbs´Rbmat´ TIGaRs&yrbs´esøsμ TIGaRs&yrbs´xÞúH TIGaRs&y

bBVCitenaH dak´édcUleTAehIyRc:c´ ejIshUrecj tamRmaméd

rbs´Qam TIGaRs&yNamYy rEmgman dl´RBHBuTÆ nig RBH

TaMg 5 júaMgP&tþsUm|IEdlrwgeRBaHsáÜtoesIm eZVIoTn´ç RKaenaH

bec©kBuTÆTaMgLaypg dl´esþccRkBtiþpgEtbu¨eNÑaH k*b¨uEnþsMrab´

kalebIbiNÐ:tenaH

buK<lTaMgLayEdlmanbJ¦atic rEmgmanTIGaRs&yRKb´TaMg 4

xUcPaBEdllÁehIy

eRBaHkareZVIsUm|IRtwm

EtRc:c´ KWbBVCitenaH eZVIoeTACaBMnUt dak´cUleTAkñúgmat´ehIyç

eRBaHehtuNaç

eRBaHehtuenaH

ebIbuK<lNaEdlmanTIGaRs&y

eZμjeRkam júaMgkic©ént|al´osMerc eZμjelI júaMgkic©énGERg

rbs´Rbmat´eRcInç GaharEdlbuK<lenaHelbcUleTA eRb[bdUcCa

osMerc GNþat júaMgkic©énédosMercç Twkmat´d*zøarav elIcug

RbLak´edayeRbgRsKMy¨agxab´KYrex¬IméRkeBkç buK<lNa manTI

GNþat RbLak´nUvbiNÐ:tenaH EdlRtUvGERgKWeZμj TMBalMGit

GaRs&yrbs´esøsμeRcIn GaharEdlbuK<lenaHelbcUleTA dUc

ehIy RKelvRbmUlpúMþ edayGNþat dUcCakMGYtEq,elIsñÚk:yEq,

CaRbLak´edayrsénEpøxÞwg ß søwkxÞwgKYrex¬IméRkElgç buK<lNa

enAkñúgmat´enaHç Twkmat´xab´ cab´taMgBIBak´kNþalGNþatcUleTA

manTIGaRs&yrbs´xÞúHeRcIn

rEmgRbLak´ç eCIgeZμj kñúgTIEdleQICRmHeZμjeTAmindl´ rEmg

eRb[bdUcCaRbLak´edayTwkedaHCUrEdlpÁÚmKYrex¬IméRkElgç buK<l

RbLak´ç biNÐ:tenaH EdlRtUvTMBakMeTc nig RbLak´ehIy y¨ag

Na manTIGaRs&yrbs´QameRcInç

GaharEdlbuK<lenaH

elbcUleTA

Gahar EdlbuK<lenaHelb


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265

cUleTAehIy bIdUcCaTwkRClk´KYrex¬IméRkElg³ dUecñH .

‘bdikUledaykEnøgtMkl´enAkñúgépÞ’

266

smaZinieTÞs

EdlcUleTAtMkl´enA kñúgOkas‘KYrex¬Im’ EbbenHehIy CaGahar enAminTan´rlYy drabNa sUm|IGaharenaHeTIbbriePaK kñúgézáenaH

‘207’ ‘esckþIbdikUl’edaykEnøgEdltMkl´enAkñúgépÞ etI

kþI briePaKkñúgézámSilkþI kñúgézámun> mkkþI k*eTApþúMenACamYyKñaTaMg

dUcemþc / . esckþIbdikUledaykEnøgEdltMkl´enAkñúgépÞ KWRBH

Gs´ rYbrwteTAedaydMuesøsμ ekIteTACaBBuH CaRkeBjtUc-ZM RtUv

eyaKI RtUvBicarNaoeXIjc|as´ y¨agenHza ²GaharEdlelb

ePøIgZatukñúgragkay cMhuykMedAehIy dl´nUvPaBKYrex¬ImreGIméRk

cUleTARbLak´edayGasy;NamYy kñúgcMeNamGasy;TaMg 4

Elg ehIyfitenA kñúgTIkEnøg manRbkardUc:neBalmkehIy

enH

enaHÉg

cUleTAehIykñúgépÞenaH

minEmneTAtMkl´enA

kúñgPaCn;man

EdlCaTIggwtCitsUnüQwgBn´eBk

Gab´GYrRcbUkRcbl´

PaCn;masCaedImeLIy minEmneTAtMkl´enA kúñgPaCn;TaMgLay

edaykøinsaksBepSg> mankøinsÁúyKYrex¬ImreGIméRkElg drab

manPaCn;eZVIBIEkvmNI nig PaCn;eZVIGMBIR:k´CaedImeLIyç Etza

enaH eRb[bdUcCarbs´minsÁatepSg> manesμA søwkeQI kenÞl

ebImnusSmanGayu 10 qñaM elbcUleTA k*eTAtMkl´enA kñúgOkas

rEhkdac´dac saksBBs´ saksBEq, nig saksBmnusSCa

EdlR:kdesμIedayreNþAlamkEdlmin:nlagehIy Gs´ 10

edIm EdlZøak´ehIykñúgreNþAEk|rmat´TVarcUlpÞHénCncNÐal RtUv

qñaMç ebImnusSmanGayu 20 qñaM 30 qñaM 40 qñaM 50 qñaM 60 qñaM 70

emX ‘ePø{g’ EdlminEmnCardUvkal kñúgrdUvekþA Zøak´eRsacRsb´

qñaM 80 qñaM 90 qñaM elbcUleTA k*eTAtMkl´enA kñúgOkasEdl

ehIy RtUvkMedARBHGaTitü dutkMedAehIy kekIteTACaBBuH CaBg

R:kdesμIedayreNþAlamk Edlmin:nlagehIy Gs´ 20 qñaM

‘dl´nUvPaBKYrex¬IméRkElg’ y¨agdUecñaHÉg³ dUecñH .

30 qñaM 40 qñaM 50 qñaM 60 qñaM 70 qñaM 80 qñaM 90 qñaMç ebImnusS

‘bdikUledayPaBEdlrlYyehIy’

k*eTAtMkl´enA kñúgOkasEdl

‘209’ ‘esckþIbdikUl’ edayPaBEdlrlYyehIy etIdUc

R:kdesμIedayreNþAlamkEdlmin:nlagehIy Gs´ 100qñaM³

emþc/ . esckþIbdikUl edayPaBEdlrlYyehIy KWRBHeyaKI

dUecñHÉg .

Kb|IBicarNaoeXIjc|as´ y¨agenH za ²GaharenaH kalRtUv

manGayu 100 qñaM elbcUleTA

‘bdikUledayPaBEdlminTan´rlYy’ ‘208’ ‘esckþIbdikUl’ edayPaBEdlminTan´rlYy etI dUcemþc / .

esckþIbdikUl edayPaBEdlminTan´rlYy KWRBH

eyaKI Kb|IBicarNaoeXIjc|as´ y¨agenH za ²k*GaharenHenaH

ePøIgZatukñúgkaydutorlYyehIykñúgOkasEdlfitenAenaH

k*min

EmnkøayeTACamas nig R:k´CaedIm dUcCaEr¨mas nig Er¨R:k´ Ca edIm:neLIy RKan´EtbeJ©jnUvBBuH nig RkeBjtUc-ZM dl´nUv PaBCaGaharcas´

k*cUleTAtMkl´enA kñúgTIlMenA énGaharcas´


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smaZinieTÞs

dUcCadIsÁit manBN(el]g EdleKkinnwgt|al´kin ehIydak´cuH

briePaKnUvGaharenaH

eTA kñúgbMBg´dUecñaH nig dl´nUvPaBCaTwkmURtehIy k*RCabeTAdk´

ekItbIti nig esamnsS k*man ‘Et’ kñúgézáTIBIr kalEdlGahar

enA kñúgepøakTwkmURt³ dUecñH .

enaHhUrecjmkvij

‘bdikUledaypl’

CaGñksb|ayhWha

RtUvmnusSbiTRcmuH

mancitþrIkrayehIy

eKEbrmuxecj

eKex¬Im

reGIm eKmankareG[nxμaseTAvijç mYyeT[t kñúgézáTImYy mnusS

‘210’ ‘esckþIbdikUl’ edaypl etIdUcemþc / . esckþI

eRtkGr elμaP Cab´citþ RCulRCb´ehIy elbnUvGaharenaHcUl

bdikUl edaypl KWRBHeyaKIKb|IBicarNaoeXIjc|as´ y¨ag

eTAk*man EtkñúgézáTIBIr eRBaHvaenAGs´mYyraRtI mnusSmineRtkGr

enHza ²k*GaharenHEdlrlYyeTAedaylÁbueNÑaH eTIbjúaMgsak

en]yNay eG[nxμas ex¬ImreGIm hUrecjmkvijç eRBaHehtu

sBepSg> mansk´ eram Rkck nig eZμjCaedIm ocMerInRss´

enaH eTIbburaNacarüTaMgLay eBalehIy za ;

eRsageLIg:n

EdlminrlYy:nlÁeT

k*bNþaloekIteTACa

eraK 100 CMBUk maneraKkm rmas´ Xøg´ ERsg hWt kÁk nig eraKZøak´Qamç enHCaplrbs´GaharenaH³ dUecñH .

‘211’ ‘esckþIbdikUl’ edayhUrecj etIy¨agdUcemþc/ . edayhUrecj

KWRBHeyaKIKb|IBicarNaoeXIj

c|as´ y¨agenHza ²k*GaharenH kalEdlelbcUleTA k*cUleTA tamTVarEtmYy

kalEdlhUrecjmkvij

rEmghUrecjmkvij

tamTVareRcInCaGenk edayRbkar;CaedIm KW EdlecjmktamEPñk ehAzaBBwkEPñk EdlecjmktamRtec[kehAzaGacm¾Rtec[kç BMu enaHesat

GaharenH

kñúgeBlEdlelbcUleTA

edayBYkbrivarCaeRcInnak´BitEmn

eRcIn cUleTAtamTVarmYy ‘Et’ ecjmkvij tam TVarTaMgLay 9ç buK<l RBmTaMgbrivar briePaK

‘bdikUledayhUrecj’ esckþIbdikUl

²:y Twk xaTnIy; nig ePaCn Edlmantémø

elbcUleTA

bu¨EnþkñúgeBlEdlhUrecjmk

vij k*køayeTACarbs´minsÁatmanócar; nig bsSav;CaedImehIy k*bgØÚrecjmkvijEtmñak´ÉgKt´ç mYyeT[t kñúgézádMbUg buK<lkal

nUv:y Twk xaTnIy; nig ePaCn Edlmantémø eRcIn ‘Et’ kalbenÞabg´vaecjmkvij rEmgeTA lak´BYnç :y Twk xaTnIy; nig ePaCn Edl mantémøeRcIn buK<l Etgniym cUlcitþbriePaK ‘Et’

kalbenÞabg´vaecjmkvij

k*ex¬ImreGImeTA

vijç :y Twk xaTnIy; nig ePaCn Edlman témøeRcIn eRBaHvaenAGs´mYyraRtI k*ERbeTACarbs´ sÁúyTaMgGs´³ dUecñHÉg .

‘bdikUledayRbLak´RbLÚs’ ‘212’ ‘esckþIbdikUl’edayRbLak´RbLÚsetIdUcemþc/ .


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esckþIbdikUl edayRbLak´RbLÚs KWRBHeyaKI Kb|IBicarNa o

270

smaZinieTÞs

rbs´minCaTIKab´citþdEdl³ dUecñH .

‘GahaerbdikUlsJ¦aQan’

eXIjc|as´ y¨agenHza ²k*GaharenH sUm|IkñúgkalEdlbriePaK

kalRBHeyaKI BicarNaeXIjnUvPaBbdikUl edayGakar;

k*rEmgRbLak´RbLÚs nUvéd bbUrmat´ GNþat nig Bitanç éd sUm|IIeKlagehIy

TaMg 10 y¨agenH eZVITukkñúgcitþ oCaZmμCatKWesckþIRtiHriHsÞÜy

k*RtUvEtlagmþgehIymþgeT[t edIm|IIRbeyaCn¾dl´karbM:t´køin éd

eLIgehIy oCaZmμCatKWesckþIriHKitsÜÞyeLIgehIyç kBLig,a-

bbUrmat´ GNþat nig BitanTaMgLayenaH Carbs´bdikUlehIy

rahar rEmgR:kd edayGMNacénGakar;bdikUl . RBHeyaKI

eRBaHRtUvGaharenaHRbLak´RbLÚsehIyç GaharenaH kalbuK<l

enaH esB cMerIn eZVIoeRcIn nUvnimitþenaH Caer]y> . kalRBH

briePaKcUleTAehIy

edayePIøg

eyaKIenaH eZVIy¨agenH nIvrN;TaMgLay rEmgsáb´rmáab´ . citþ

Zatukñúgragkay Edlpat´RcaneTAsBVsrIr;TaMgmUl ehIyk*pus

rEmgtaMgenAmaM edayóbcarsmaZi Edlmindl´nUvGb|na eRBaH

eLIg

edayPaBCaGacm¾eZμj

kBLig,araharCaKmÖIrPaBRCaleRCAtamsPaBCaZmμta . EtsJ¦a

EtgRbLak´RbLÚscab´edImGMBIGNþat nig BitaneTA edayPaBCa

kñúgkBLig,araharnu@H rEmgR:kd edayGMNacénkarkan´yk nUv

Twkmat´ nig esøsμCaedIm EtgRbLak´RbLÚsnUvTVarTaMgLay man

Gakar;bdikUl

rnÆEPñk rnÆRtec[k rnÆRcmuH nig TVarxageRkam‘TVarZM’ CaedIm eday

rab´za ²GahaerbdikUlsJ¦a³ dUecñH .

bbUrmat´

GNþat

nig

BitanTaMgLayNa

rEmgcMGinnUvkayoe:¨geLIg

RbLak´RbLÚsnUveZμjTaMgLay

PaBCaBBwkEPñk Gacm¾Rtec[k TwksMe:r TwkmURt nig Gahar

.

eRBaHehtuenaH

kmμdðanenH

dl´ehIynUvkar

‘GanisgSénGahaerbdikUlsJ¦a’

cas´CaedIm eRb[bdUcCakalebI:yRtUveKcMGin rbs´EdlCakak

k*citþrbs´Pikú¡GñkRbkber]y> nUvesckþIsMKal´zaCarbs´

sMNl´TaMgLay manGg,am knÞk´ nig Twk:y rEmgpuseLIg

KYrex¬Im kñúgGaharenH rEmgzycuH rEmgrYj rEmgbdivtþi cak

mkRbLak´nUvRkbmat´qñaMg nig KRmbqñaMg dUecñaHç kñúgTVarTaMgLay

esckIþcMNg´kúñgrs . RBHeyaKIenaHCaGñkR:scakesckþIRsvwg

Na eRBaHlagTVarmYy édCarbs´EdlRtUvlagedayTwkmþgeT[t

elbnUvGahar RKan´EtedIm|ICaRbeyaCn¾dl´karrlas´nUvTuk¡ecj

eRBaHlagTVarmYy

dUcCabuK<lGñkRtUvkarqøgpøÚvqáay sIunUvsac´kUndUecñaH . bnÞab´mk

édsUm|Ilag

edaylMGiteRK]gRkGUbxøH PaBbdikUl:neLIy

edaylamkeKaxøH

rhUtdl´BIrbIdg

TVarTaMgLayenHenaH

ehIy sUm|ICalagsMGat ral´> ézá

edaydIxøH

k*minR:scakGMBI EdlGaharRbLak´

k*rEmgCarbs´minsÁat Ca

teRmk

EdlRbRBwtþeTA

k*rEmgdl´nUvkarkMNt´dwg

kñúgbJ©kamKuN

rbs´RBHeyaKIenaH

edayminBi:keLIy

kMNt´dwgnUvkBLig,araharCaRbZan .

eRBaHmankar

RBHeyaKIenaH rEmgkMNt´


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dwgnUvrUbk¡nÆ:n eRBaHmankarkMNt´dwgnUvbJ©kamKuNCaRbZan .

272

smaZinieTÞs

kñúgrahuelavaTsURt nig kñúgZatuviPg<sURt .

‘ctuZatuvvdðanedayseg¡b’

mYyeT[t sUm|IkarcMerInkayKtasti rbs´RBHeyaKIenaH k*rEmg dl´nUvkareBjbribUN(

edayGMNacénPaBbdikUl

manGahar

EmnBit

ctuZatuvvdðanenaH

mkehIy

edayseg¡b

kñúg

EdlminTan´rlYyCaedImpg. RBHeyaKIenaHCaGñkbdibtþinUvesckþI

mhastibdðansURt edayGMNacénbuK<lGñkcMerInZatukmμdðan Ca

bdibtþiEdlGnuelam dl´GsuPsJ¦apg . müa¨geT[t RBHeyaKI

GñkmanbJ¦ad*xøaMgkøa

enaH GaRs&ynUvesckþIRbtibtþienHehIy kalminTan´:nsMercnUv

BiXateKakþI kUnsisSénbursGñkBiXateKakþI EdlbuinRbsb´ Kb|I

TIbMputKWRBHniBVan kñúgbc©úb|nñenHeT rEmgCaGñkmansuKti RbRBwtþ

BiXateKaehIyrMElkCacMENk> Gg<úyeT[bpøÚvZMEbkCabYn

eTA BÆd*xagmux .

óbmadUcemþcmijç mñalPikú¡TaMgLay Pikú¡BicarNaeXIjc|as´ nUv

enHCakzaedayBisþarkñúgkarcMerInGahaerbdikUlsJ¦a .

kayenHÉg

ctuZatuvvdðan ‘213’

kñúgkal«LÚvenH

y¨agenHza

EdlfitenAy¨agNa

²mñalPikú¡TaMgLay

bursGñk

EdltaMgenAy¨agNa

man

eday

kMNt´za RKan´EtCaZatudUecñHza kñúgkayenH manZatudI ZatuTwk

karsMEdgecjnUvkarcMerIn

nUv

ZatuePøIg Zatuxül´ manóbemyüy¨agdUecñaHÉg ‘1’ ³ .

kiriyakMNt´nUvZatubYn EdlelaksMEdgehIy bnÞab´GMBIGahaer

‘BRgIkesckþIénRBHsURt’

bdikUlsJ¦a za ²vvdðan 1³ dUecñH mkdl´ehIyedaylMdab´ .

‘BaküGZib|aybTmatika’ vinicä&ykñúgbTmatikaenaH bTza ²vvdðan³ :ndl´snñidðan

esckþIénRBHsURtenaHza ²bursGñkBiXateKa ß kUnsisS énbursGñkBiXateKaenaHÉg d*buinRbsb´ EdleKCYleday:y nigézøQñÜl

Kb|Ismøab´nUveKaehIy

rMElkeZVIoeTACacMENk>

edayGMNackarkMNt´eXIjsPav; ‘rbs´va’ . karkMNt´emIl

Gg<úyeT[bpøÚvZMEbkCabYn eBalKWRtg´TIkNþal énpøÚvZMTaMgLay

Baküza ²Zatumnsikar

EdleTAkan´TisTaMgLaybYn y¨agNamijç Pikú¡ k*y¨agdUecñaHEdr

ZatuTaMg 4 eQμaHza ctuZatuvvdðan .

Zatukmμdðan ctuZatuvvdðan³ edayesckþI KWEtmYyeT . ‘ctuZatuvvdðan 2 y¨ag’ ctuZatuvvdðanenHenaH mkehIy 2 y¨agKW edayseg¡b 1 edayBisþar 1 . ctuZatuvvdðan edayseg¡benaH mkehIy kñúg mhastibdðansURt edayBisþarmkehIykñúgmhahtæibTubmsURt

BicarNanUvkayEdleQμaHza fitenAy¨agNa eRBaHfitenA eday Gakar;ÉNanImYy

én«riyabzTaMgbYn

eQμaHzataMgenAy¨agNa

eRBaHtaMgenAy¨agNaenaHÉg edaykMNt´zaRKan´EtCaZatu y¨ag dUecñHza

kñúgkayenH manZatudI ZatuTwk ZatuePøIg Zatuxül´³ .

1- suÇ TIÇ mÇ PaKTI 17 TMB&rTI 254 .


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smaZinieTÞs ‘214’ cMENkkñúgmhahtæibTubmsURt mkehIy eday

sYrza; etImanesckþIGZib|aydUcemþc/ . eqøIyza; kal ebIbursGñkBiXateKa ciJ©wmbMb¨neKakþI dwk‘va’ykeTAkan´TIsmøab´

Bisþar

edayGMNacénbuK<lGñkcMerInZatukmμdðan

kþI luHdwkeTAdl´ehIy k*cgeRk[kTuk kñúgTIsmøab´enaHkþI kMBugEt

manR:C\acas´køaeBk y¨agenH KW ;

EdlCaGñkmin

smøab´kþI eXIjeKaRtUv:neKsmøab´ søab´ehIykþIç esckþIsm<al´

²mñalGñkTaMgLaymanGayu bfvIZatuxagkñúg etIdUcemþc/

za ²eKa³ minTan´sabsUnü:t´eT drabNaEdleKminTan´:nBnøH

ZatuNaCaxagkñuúg GaRs&ynwgxøÜn Carbs´rwg Carbs´eRKatRKat

vHva rMElkCacMENk>ç bu¨EnþkalebIrMElkehIy ‘ykeTA’ Gg<úy

EdlviJ¦aNcUleTAkan´yk

‘lk´’

rEmgsm<al´za

RkckTaMgLay eZμjTaMgLay .l. GaharzμI Gaharcas´ ßk*

esckþInwkKit za ²Gjlk´eKa mnusSTaMgenH

ZatudéTNamYy Caxagkñúg GaRs&ynwgxøÜn Carbs´rwg Carbs´

esckþIsm<al´za

Casac´eTAvij .

²eKa³

eTIb:t´eTA

KWsk´TaMgLay

naMykeKaeTA³ y¨agenH minman dl´bursenaHeLIy . EttamBit

eRKatRKat

bursenaH manesckþIKit ya¨genHza ²Gjlk´sac´ ÉmnusSTaMg

Gayu enHehAza bfvIZatu xagkñúg ‘1’ ³ .

bYsehIykþI

kñúgkalmun

kñúgeBlEdlenACabuzuC¢n

mñalGñkTaMgLayman

nigza ²mñalGñkTaMgLaymanGayu Gae:Zatu xagkñúg etI

enH ‘Tij’yksac´eTA³ y¨agNamijç sUm|IkalPikú¡rUbenH enACa RKhsækþI

EdlviJ¦aNcUleTAkan´yk

eramTaMgLay

dUcemþc/ ZatuNaEdlCaxagkñúg EdlGaRs&ynUvxøÜn CaTwk ßman

lág´exøAenAeLIy esckþIsm<al´za ²CastV Caburs CabuK<l³

sPaBRbEhlnwgTwk

EdlviJ¦aNcUleTAkan´yk

minTan´:t´eTA drabNaEdlPikú¡enaH minTan´BicarNanUvkayenH

esøsμ

ßk*

Ég EdlfitenA y¨agNa EdlxøÜntaMgTukehIy y¨agNa eday

GaRs&ynUvxøÜn CaTwk ß mansPaBRbEhlnwgTwk EdlviJ¦aN

Zatu bMEbkdMuoeTACaEpñk> k*bu¨EnþkalebIPikú¡BicarNa edayZatu

cUleTAkan´yk mñalGñkTaMgLaymanGayu enHehAza Gae:Zatu

esckþIsm<al´za stV eTIb:t´eTAç citþ rEmgtaMgenA edayza

xagkñúg

RKan´EtCaZatuEtbu¨eNÑaH . RTg´Rtas´za

eRBaHehtudUecñaH eTIbRBHmanRBHPaK

²mñalPikú¡TaMgLay

bursGñkBiXateKa

.l.

‘2’

TwkmURt

KWRbmat´

ZatudéTNanImYyCaxagkñúg

Edl

³ .

nigza ²mñalGñkTaMgLaymanGayu eteCaZatu xagkñúgetI

Edlbiun

dUcemþc/ ZatuNaEdlCaxagkñúg EdlGaRs&ynwgxøÜn CaePøIg ß

Rbsb´ .l. Kb|IGg<úyeT[bpøÚvZMEbkCabYn manóbmay¨agNa

mansPaBRbEhlnwgePøIg EdlviJ¦aNcUleTAkan´yk KWeteCa-

mijç

Zatu EdljúaMgkayoekþAsBV 1 eteCaZatu EdleZVIkay oRKaM

mñalPik¡úTaMgLay

Pikú¡BicarNaeXIjc|as´

Ég .l. ZatudI ZatuTwk ZatuePøIg Zatuxül´³ .

nUvkayenH

1- suÇ mÇ mUÇ PaKTI 21 TMB&rTI 194ç 2- TMB&rTI 200 .


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smaZinieTÞs

RKa 1 eteCaZatu EdldutkayoRkhl´Rkhay 1 eteCaZatu

rbs´enaHRbRBwtþeTA kñúgxøÜn elakehAza ²bc©tþM³ eRBaHrbs´enaH

sRmab´dutePaCnEdlbuK<lsIu pwk TMBasIu CJ¢k´CJ¢ab´ oRTuD

GaRs&ynUvxøÜnRbRBwtþeTA

eRTam eTAedayRbéB 1 mYyeT[t ZatudéTNanImYy Caxagkñúg

elak eKehAza GZitæI y¨agenaHÉg .

EdlGaRs&ynUvxøÜn CaePøIg ß mansPaBRbEhlnwgePøIg Edl viJ¦aNcUleTAkan´yk

mñalGñkTaMgLaymanGayu

enHehAza

eteCaZatu xagkñuúg ³ .

etIdUcemþc/ ZatuNaEdlCaxagkñúg EdlGaRs&ynUvxøÜn Caxül´ mansPaBRbEhlnwgxül´

kñúgBYk®sþITaMgLay

EdlviJ¦aNcUleTAkan´yk

KW

xül´bk´eLIgelI 1 xül´bk´cuHeRkam 1 xül´bk´enAkñúgépÞ KWbk´ xageRkAeBaHev[n 1 xül´bk´kñúgeBaHev[n 1 xül´bk´sBVsB(ag<-

kñúg

bTza ²kk¡LM³ ERbza rwg . bTza ²xriKtM³ ERbza eRKat RKat .

bNþabTTaMg 2 enaH bTTI 1 R:b´nUvlk¡N; bTTI 2

R:b´nUvGakar; . eRBaHbfvIZatu manlk¡N;rwg .

nig za ²mñalGñkTaMgLaymanGayu vaeyaZatu Caxagkñúg

ß

dUcCaBakü

bfvIZatuenaH

manGakar;eRKatRKat eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbelakeBalza ²kk¡LM

xriKtM³ . bTza ²ó:TinñM³ ERbza Rbkan´x¢ab´ GZib|ayza kan´yk Rbkan´x¢ab´ Rbkan´yk y¨agCab´ za Gj za rbs´Gj . bTza ²esyüzITM³ Cani:t .

ni:tenaH manesckþIza

kay 1 xül´dkdegØImcUl nig xül´dkdegØImecj 1 mYyvij

sYrza rbs´enaH etIdUcemþc / . bnÞab´GMBIenaH elakkalsMEdg

eT[t vaeyaZatudéTNanImYy Caxagkñúg GaRs&ynUvxøÜn Caxül´

esckþIsYrenaH eTIbeBalza ²eksa elama³ bu¨eNÑHCaedIm .

ß mansPaBRbEhlnwgxül´ EdlviJ¦aNcUleTAkan´yk mñal GñkTaMgLaymanGayu enHehAza vaeyaZatuxagkñuúg ³ . k*ctuZatuvvdðan kñúgmhahtæibTubmsURtenH y¨agNamij sUm|IkñúgrahuelavaTsURt nig ZatuviPg<sURt k*y¨agenaHEdr .

‘GZib|aykñúgmhahtiæbTubmsURt’ ‘215’

k*kñúgbfvIZatuenH Kb|IRCabza ; bfvIZatu elaksMEdg edayGakar; 20 eRBaHmEnæmmtælugM< ‘xYrkñúgk|al’ .

bfvIZatu

elakse®g<aHehIy kñúgcMENkTaMgLay bI d*ess edaybTza

²yM va bnJ¦m|i kiJ©i³ . ‘Gae:’

enHCaBaküEkbTEdleRCA kñúgRBHsURtenaH . Ca

rbs´Na RCYtRCab KWeTAdl´TIenaH> edayGMNacénkar

bfm bTza ²GCÄtþM bc©tþM³ TaMgBIrenH CaeQμaH énniyks&BÞ .

hUreTA eRBaHehtuenaH rbs´enaH eQμaHza Gae: . rbs´Na eTA

ZmμCatEdlekIt kñúgxøÜn esckþIza GaRs&yenAkñúgsnþanrbs´xøÜn

kñúgGae:TaMgLay EdlmanRbkarepSg> edayGMNacénsmudðan

eQμaHza niyk; .

niyk; enHnu@H

elakehAza ²GCÄtþM³ eRBaH

mankmμsmudðanCaedIm

eRBaHehtuenaH

rbs´enaH

eTIbeQμaHza


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Baküza ²eyn c GsitbItxayitsayitM smμa briNamM

Gae:Kt; ‘RbEhlnwgTwk’ . rbs´enaH :ndl´GVI/ . :ndl´ lk¡N; KWkarRCYtRCab énGae:Zatu .

smaZinieTÞs

Kcäti³ esckþIza rbs´EdlbuK<lsIu man:yCaedImkþI rbs´

‘eteCa’

EdlbuK<lpwk manTwk:n;CaedImkþI rbs´EdlbuK<lTMBasIu man

ePøIg eRBaHGMNacénkareZVIoekþA .

nMGMEbgCaedImkþI rbs´EdlbuK<lCJ¢k´CJ¢ab´ mansVayTMu TwkXMu

vtæúNa eTAehIy kñúgeteCaTaMgLay edayn&yEdl:neBalmk

nig TwkGMeBACaedImkþI enaH rEmgdl´nUvkarrlYyeTA y¨agRsYl

ehIynu@HÉg

GZib|ayza rEmgdl´nUvkarEbgEckeTA edayPav;manrsCaedIm

rbs´EdleQμaHza

eRBaHehtuenaH

vtæúenaH

eTIbeQμaHza

eteCaKt;

‘RbEhlnwgePøIg’ . vtæúenaH :ndl´GVI / . vtæúenaH :ndl´

edayeteCaKt; ÉNamYy .

lk¡N; KWCarbs´EdlekþA .

k*kñúgGakar; 4 y¨agn@uH Gakar; 3 xagedIm maneteCaZatu

Baküza ²eyn c³ esckþIza ragkayenH rEmgekþAsBV KWekItCMhayekþA

Casmudðan Gakar;cugeRkameK mankmμCasmudðanEmnBit .

‘vaeya’

edayPaBCaRKunmanRKunmYyézáCaeTAvijCaedIm

ZmμCatEdleQμaHza vaeya eRBaHGMNacénkarbk´pat´ .

eRBaHeteCaKt;ÉNamYyEdlkMerIkeLIg . Baküza ²eyn c Criyti³ esckþIza ragkayenH Etg RTuDeRTameTA

KWEtgdl´nUvPaBCaGñkman«®nÞIy¾minRKb´RKan´

nUv

vtæúNa eTAkñúgvaeyaTaMgLay edayn&yEdl:neBalmkehIy nu@HÉg eRBaHehtuenaH

vtæúenaH eQμaHza vaeyaKt; ‘RbEhlnwg

PaBGs´kmøaMgkMEhg nig nUvPaBCaGñkmanEs|kRCIvRCYj nigman

xül´’ . vtæúenaH :ndl´GVI / .

sk´s,ÚvCaedIm eRBaHeteCaKt;ÉNamYy .

kMerIk .

Baküza ²eyn c CbriTyØti³ esckþIza ragkayenH Etg Rkhl´Rkhay eRBaHeteCaKt;ÉNamYyEdlkMerIkehIy . k*

vtæúenaH :ndl´lk¡N; KWkar

Baküza ²óTÆg<ma vata³ KWxül´Edlbk´eTAxagelI júaMg Gakar;maneRKI nig RteGIkCaedIm oRbRBwtþeTA . Baküza ²GeZa

GatμaGjekþAEmn³

Kma vata³ KWxül´Edlbk´cuHmkeRkam naMykóc©ar; nig bsSav;

R:zñacg´:nnUvzñaMsMrab´Büa:lkMedA mansteZatsb|I ‘TwkedaH

CaedImoecjmk . bTza ²kucäisya vata³ KWxül´enAxageRkA

zøaEdleKrMgas´ehIyykeTARtaMTwk> mYyrydg’ nUveKasItcnÞn¾

eBaHev[n . bTza ²ekadðasya vata³ KWxül´xagkñúgeBaHev[n .

‘eRbgc&nÞn¾ EdleKpSMedayTwkedaHeKa’ CaedIm nig nUvxül´Edl

bTza

bk´ecjGMBIZagetñatpg .

sB(ag<kaytUcZMM kñúgsrIr;TaMgmUl tamExSsrésQam júaMgkar

buK<lenaH

knÞk´kenÞjza

²GatμaGjekþAEmn

²Gg<mg<asnusariena

vata³

KWxül´Edlbk´eTAtamsBV


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smaZinieTÞs

bt´ nig karlatecj ‘nUvGvyv;’ CaedIm oekIteLIg . bTza

xagsRmab´Pikú¡GñkmanR:C\aminsUvxøaMgkøavij kalebIeZVITukkñúgcitþ

²GsSaesa³ :ndl´ xül´dkdegØImcUleTABÆd*xagkñúg . bTza

y¨agdUecñHç kmμdðan rEmgggwtGnÆkar minR:kdc|as´´ . Tal´Et

²bsSaesa³ :ndl´ xül´dkdegØImecjeTAxageRkA .

Pikú¡enaHeZVITukkñúgcitþ edayBisþar edayn&ymun eTIbkmμdðanR:kd

k*kñúgxül´ 6 y¨agenH xül´ 5 xagedIm Cactusmudðan

c|as´ . esckþIenH manóbmay¨agdUcemþc/ . manóbmaza kal

‘KWmancitþ kmμ rdUv nig GaharCasmudðan’ xül´GsSas; nig

ebIPikú¡ 2 rUb sVaZüay nUvviZIEdlmanebyüaleRcInç Pikú¡Gñkman

bsSas; mancitþCasmudðanEtmüa¨g .

bJ¦axøaMgkøa júaMgebyüalmux oBisþar mYycb´ ß BIrcb´ehIy

edaybTza ²yM va bnJ¦m|ikiJ©i³ enH KWelakse®g<aH Gae:ZatuCaedIm kñúgcMENkd*essTaMgLay kñúgnieTÞsTaMgBYg . edayRbkardUceBalmkenH ZatuTaMg4 KWelakeZVIoBisþar ehIy edayGakar;TaMgLay 42 KW bfvIZatu edayGakar; 20 Gae:Zatu edayGakar 12 eteCaZatu edayGakar; 4 vaeyaZatu edayGakar; 6 y¨aenHÉg . enHCakarBN(naesckþIén:lI kñúg ctuZatuvvdðanenaH Cabfm .

cMENkvinicä&y

kñúgPavnan&y

kaleZVInUvkarsVaZüay

edayGMNacénTIbMputTaMgBIr

hñwgÉg eTAç bNþaPik¡T ú aMg 2 rUb enaH Pikú¡GñkmanR:C\aminxøaMgkøa nwgCaGñkeBal y¨agenHza ²enaHKWCakarsVaZüayGVI minTan´:n eZVIoRtwmEtbbUrmat´b¨HBal´Kñapgç kalebIeZVIkarsVaZüayEbbenH eBlNaeTA viZIEbbbT nwgsÞat´CMnaj:n³ . Pikú¡enaH júaMg ebyüalmuxEdlmkdl´ehIy>

oBisþarPøam>

ehIyeZVInUvkar

sVaZüayç Pikú¡eRkABIenH k*eBaleTAkan´Pikú¡rUbenaH y¨agenHza ²nu@H KWCakarsVaZüayGVI minTan´:ndl´TIbMputpg kaleZVIkarsVaZüay

‘Pavnan&y y¨agseg¡b’ ‘216’

bnÞab´mk

kñúgZatukmμdðanenH

y¨agenH

eBlNaeTA reb[bEbbbT nwgdl´nUvTIbMput:n³ dUecñH

bNÐitKb|IRCabdUcteTAenH . sRmab´Pikú¡GñkmanR:C\axøaMgkøa kar

y¨agNamijç karkMNt´Zatu edayBisþar edayGMNacénGakar;

kMNt´ZatuedayBisþarza ²sk´TaMgLayCaZatudI eramTaMgLayCa

mansk´CaedIm rEmgR:kd yWtyUr sRmab´Pikú¡GñkmanbJ¦axøaMg

ZatudI³ y¨agenHCaedIm rEmgR:kd edayyWtyUr . bu¨EnþkalebI

køaç kalebIPikú¡enaH eZVITukkñúgcitþ edayseg¡b tamn&yza ²vtæú

Pikú¡enaH eZVITukkñúgcitþza ²vtæúNa manlk¡N;rwg vtæúenH KWZatudIç

Na manlk¡N;rwg vtæúenH KWZatudI³ dUecñHCaedImç kmμdðan eTIb

vtæúNa manlk¡N;ravRCYtRCab vtæúenH KWZatuTwkç vtæúNa man

R:kdç cMENkxagPikú¡eRkABIenH kaleZVITukkñúgcitþ y¨agdUecñaHEdr

lk¡N;ekþA vtæúenH KWZatuePøIgç vtæúNa manlk¡N;kMerIkeTA:n

kmμdðan rEmgggwtGnÆkar minR:kdc|as´ç kalebIPikú¡enaH eZVITuk

vtæúenH KWZatuxül´³ dUecñHç

kñúgcitþ edayBisþar edayGMNacénGakar;mansk´CaedIm kmμdðan

kmμdðan rEmgR:dkc|as´ .

cMENk


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smaZinieTÞs

TaMgLayenaH edayédKWjaNEdlsÞúHeTAtamcenøaH> énekadðas

rEmgR:kdc|as´ k*y¨agenaHEdr .

‘viZIcMerInZatukmμdðansMrab´Pikú¡GñkmanbJ¦akøa’

enaH> ehIykMNt´nUvZatuTaMgLay tamn&yxagedImenaHÉg za

eRBaHehtuenaH Pikú¡GñkmanbJ¦axøaMgkøa CaGñkR:zñanwgcMerIn

²PaBCarbs´rwgkþI PaBCarbs´rwgmaMkþI ÉNa kñúgekadðasTaMgLay

kmμdðanenH CadMbUg Kb|IeTAkñúgTIsáat´ BYnsmáM BicarNanUvrUbkay

enH enHKWCaZatudI³ dUecñHCaedIm ehIynwkCJ¢wgrMBwgKit eZVITukkñúg

rbs´xøÜnTaMgmUl ehIykMNt´nUvZatuTaMgLay edayseg¡b y¨ag

citþ BicarNa edayzaRKan´EtCaZatu minEmnCastV minEmnCaCIv;

enHza ²PaBCarbs´rwgkþI PaBCarbs´rwgmaMkþI ÉNa ‘man’ kñúg

za ²ZatudI ZatuTwk³ dUecñHCaedIm o:ner]y> .

kayenH

enHKWZatudIç PaBCarbs´RCYtRCabeTA:nkþI PaBCarbs´

Büayam y¨agdUecñaHç smaZi EdlbJ¦abMPøWnUvPaBepSgKñaénZatu

ravkþI ÉNa ‘man’ kñúgkayenH enHKWZatuTwkç PaBCarbs´eqHkIþ

kMNt´ykehIy CasmaZi mindl´nUvGb|na :nRtwmEtóbcar;

PaBCarbs´ekþA ÉNa ‘man’ kñúgkayenH enHKWZatuePøIgç PaBCa

eRBaHCasmaZiEdlmansPavZm(CaGarmμN¾ rEmgekIteLIg eday

rbs´bk´e:kkþI PaBCarbs´kMerIkkþI ÉNa ‘man’ kñúgkayenH enH

minyWtyUreLIy .

kalebIPikú¡enaH

KWZatuxül´³ dUecñH ehIyKb|InwkrMBwgeZVITukkñúgcitþ BicarNa eday

enHCaPavnan&y kñúgctuZatuvvdðanEdlmkehIyedayseg¡b .

zaRKan´EtCaZatu minEmnCastV minEmnCaCIv; za ²ZatudI ZatuTwk³

‘vitæarn&y’

dUecñHCaedIm o:ner]y> . kalebIPikú¡enaH Büayam y¨agdUecñH smaZi

EdlbJ¦abMPøWnUvPaBepSgKñaénZatu

kMNt´ykehIy

Ca

smaZi mindl´nUvGb|na :nRtwmEtóbcar; eRBaHCasmaZiEdl

‘217’ cMENkPavnan&y kñúgctuZatuvvdðan EdlmkehIy edayBisþar bNÐitKb|IRCab dUcteTAenH . k*RBHeyaKI

GñkmanbJ¦aminxøaMgkøa

R:zñanwgcMerInkmμdðanenH

mansPavZm(CaGarmμN¾ rEmgekIteLIg edayminyWtyUreLIy .

Kb|Ier[nyknUvZatuTaMgLay edayBisþar edayGakar;TaMgLay

ßebImindUecñaHeT ekadðas ‘cMENk’ TaMgLay 4 enHÉNa

42 kñúgsMNak´énGacarü ehIyenAkñúgTIesnasn; manRbkardUc

EdlRBHZmμesnabtI eBalehIy edIm|IdMEdgnUvPaBénmhaPUtrUb

eBalmkehIy eZVIkic©TaMgBYgo:nseRmc eTAkñúgTIsáat´ BYnsmáM

TaMg 4 minEmnCastV za ²Gakas EdlGaRs&yqÁwgxøH GaRs&y

Kb|IcMerInkmμdðan edayGakar;TaMgLay 4 y¨agdUecñH za ³eday

srésxøH GaRs&ysac´xøH GaRs&yEs|kxøH rYbrYmCamYyKñaehIy

ssmÖarseg¡b ‘seg¡bekadðasTaMgLaycUlCaBYk> tamGakar;

eTIbehAza rUb:n ‘1’ ³ dUecñaHÉg . Pikú¡ Kb|IcMENknUvekadðas

énZatuenaH>’ edayssmÖarviPtþi ‘cMENkekadðasénZatuTaMgenaH>

1- suÇ mÇ mUÇ

PaKTI 21 TMB&rTI 211 .

kMNt´Gakar; edayELkGMBIKña’

edayslk¡Nseg¡b ‘seg¡b


visuTÆimK< ERb ekadðasTaMgLaycUlCaBYk>

tamlk¡N;énZatuenaH>’

283

284

eday

edayvaca

smaZinieTÞs nUvGakarTaMgLay

mantcbJ©k;CaedIm

kñúgGakar;

slk¡NviPtþi ‘cMENkekadðasénZatuenaH> kMNt´lk¡N;eday

32

ELkGMBIKña’³ .

manEtbu¨eNÑHÉg . KWsUm|IeZVITukkñúgcitþ nUvGakar;TaMgLay man

‘cMerInedayssmÖarseg¡b’

TaMgedayGnuelam nig bdielam .

cMENkesckþIepSgKña

sk´CaedIm edayGMNacB(N RTg´RTay Okas nig briecäT kñúg

kñúgGakar;TaMg 4 enaH cMerIn edayssmÖarseg¡b etIdUc

kayKtastienaH RtUvtMkl´citþTuk edayGMNacénbdikUlç kñúg

emþc/ . Pikú¡ kñúgsasnaenH kMNt´ykGakar;rwg kñúgekadðas

ZatuvvdðanenH RtUvtMkl´citþTuk edayGMNacénZatu . eRBaHehtu

20 za ²bfvIZatu³ kMNt´ykGakar;RCYtRCab EdlCarbs´rav

enaH eyaKavcrPikú¡ luHeZVITukkñúgcitþnUvGakarTaMgLamansk´CaedIm

eBalKWTwk kñúgekadðas 12 za ²Gae:Zatu³ kMNt´ykkMedAEdl

eday‘mYyRkum’R:M> edayGMNacénB(NCaedImehIy kñúgTIbMput

CaeRK]gdut kñúgekadðas 4 za ²eteCaZatu³ kMNt´ykGakar;bk´

Kb|IjúaMgmnsikar oRbRBwtþeTA dUcteTAenH KW ; . ‘bfvIekadðas’

e:keTAmk kñúgekadðas 6 za ²vaeyaZatu³ . kalebIPikú¡enaH kMNt´ y¨agdUecñaHÉgç

ZatuTaMgLay k*rEmgR:kd .

‘eksa’

kalebI

Pikú¡enaH rMBwgKit eZVITukkñúgcitþnUvZatuTaMgLayenaHer]y> óbcar-

Zmμta sk´TaMgLayenH ekItehIy Rtg´Es|kEdlrMuB&TÆ

smaZi rEmgekIteLIg tamn&yEdl:neBalmkehIyenaHÉg .

nUvllad¾k|al . kñúgEs|kEdlrMuB&TÆllad¾k|alCamYynwgsk´

k*bu¨EnþebIPikú¡Na cMerIny¨agdUecñaH kmμdðan min:nseRmcç Pikú¡enaH

TaMgLayenaH Es|kEdlrMuB&TÆllad¾k|al mindwgeLIyza sk´

Kb|IcMerIn edayssmÖarviPtþicuH .

TaMgLay ekItehIyelIGjç Ésk´TaMgLay k*mindwgEdrza Gj

‘cMerInedayssmÖarviPtþi’ cMerIn edayssmÖarviPtþi etIdUcemþc/ . KWCadMbUg Pikú¡enaH

ekItehIy elIEs|kEdlrMuB&TÆllad¾k|al eRb[bdUcCa kñúgesμA d*lÁitTaMgLay EdlekItehIy elIk|aldMbUk k|aldMbUk k*min

Kb|IeZVInUvóK<hekasl ‘KWsÞat´CMnajkñúgkarer[nyk’ 7 Rbkar

dwgza

nig mnsikarekasl ‘KWsÞat´CMnaj kñúgkareZVITukkñúgcitþ’ 10

d*lÁitTaMgLay k*mindwgpgEdrza GjekItehIy elIk|aldMbUk

Rbkar Edl:neBalmkehIy kñúgkayKtastikmμdðannieTÞsTaMg

y¨agdUecñaHÉg .

Gs´ minosabsUnü ehIyeZVIviZIEdleBalehIy kñúgkayKta-

BicarNadl´KñanwgKña . Zmμtask´TaMgLay Caekadðas EpñkmYy

stikmμdðannieTÞsenaH RKb´y¨ag

kñúgsrIr;enH

cab´epþImtaMgEtGMBIkarsVaZüay

esμAd*lÁitTaMgLy

ekItehIy

elIGjç

cMENkÉesμA

Zm(TaMgLaynu@H R:scakkarrMBwgKit nig kar

minmanectna CaGBüaRkwt esaHsUnü

minEmnstV


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Carbs´rwg CabfvIZatu edayRbkardUecñHÉg .

286

smaZinieTÞs

R:scakkarrMBwgKit nigkarBicarNaeTAvijeTAmk . ZmμtaRkck

‘elama’

TaMgLay CacMENkepSgedayELk kñúgsrIr;enH minmanectna

‘218’ eramTaMgLay ekItehIy elIEs|krMuB&TÆsrIr; . bNþaEs|krMuB&TÆsrIr; nig eramTaMgLayenaH Es|krMuB&TÆsrIr; min

CaGBüaRkwt esaHsUnü minEmnstV Carbs´rwg CabfvIZatu eday RbkardUecñHÉg .

‘Tnþa’

dwgza eramTaMgLay ekItehIy elIGjç cMENkÉeramTaMgLay k*mindwgpgEdrza Gj ekItehIyelIEs|krMuB&TÆsrIr; eRb[bdUcCa kñúgesμArNþasTaMgLay

EdlekIt

Rtg´TIkEnøgpÞHEdlsáat´

eZμjTaMgLay ekItehIy Rtg´qÁwgcg,arTaMgLay . bNþa

TI

qÁwgcg,ar nig eZμjTaMgLayenaH qÁwgcg,ar mindwgza eZμjTaMg

kEnøgpÞHEdlsáat´ k*mindwgza esμArNþas ekItehIy elIGjç

Lay ekItehIy elIGjç cMENkÉeZμjTaMgLay k*mindwgpg

cMENkÉesμArNþasesat k*mindwgpgEdrza GjekItehIy Rtg´

Edrza Gj ekItehIy kñúgqÁwgcg,arTaMgLay eRb[bdUcCa kñúg

kEnøgpÞHEdlsáat´ y¨agdUecñaHÉg . Zm(TaMgnu@H R:scakkarrMBwg

ssrEdlBYkCageQITaMgLay

Kit nig karBicarNaeTAvijeTAmk . ZmμtaeramTaMgLay Ca

ehIy

cMENkmYyedayELk

ssrTaMgLay taMgenAehIy elIGjç cMENkÉssrTaMgLay

kñúgsrIr;enH

minmancitþ

CaGBüaRkwt

vij

esaHsUnü minEmnstV Carbs´rwg CabfvIZatu dUecñHÉg .

‘nxa’

labedayC&rsÁit

dak´eTAkñúgreNþAzμTaMgLay

k*mindwgpgEdrza

Gj

reNþATaMgLay

taMgenAehIy

ÉNanImYy mindwgza

kñúgreNþATaMgLay

y¨agdUecñaHÉg . ZmμtaZm(TaMgn@uH R:scakkarrMBwgKit nig kar

RkckTaMgLay ekItehIy elIcugénRmamédTaMgLay .

BicarNaeTAvijeTAmk

.

ZmμtaeZμjTaMgLay

CacMENkepSg

bNþaRmaméd nig RkckTaMgLayenaH RmamédTaMgLay mindwgza

edayELk kñúgsrIr;enH minmanectna CaGBüaRkwt esaHsUnü

RkckTaMgLay ekItehIyelIcugrbs´Gjç ÉRkckTaMgLayvij

minEmnstV Carbs´rwg CabfvIZatu edayRbkardUecñHÉg .

k*mindwgpgEdrza Gj ekItehIy elIcugRmamédTaMgLay eRb[b

‘teca’

dUcCa nakalkumarTaMgLay ykeQIeTAedat RKab´mak´sagTaMg

Es|k rMuB&TÆsrIr;TaMgmUl ehIytaMgenA . bNþasrIr; nig

Lay ehIyelgç eQITaMgLay mindwgza RKab´mak´sag Cab´

Es|kTaMgenaH srIr; mindwgza Gj KWEs|krMuB&TÆehIyç cMENÉ

ehIyelIGjç

Es|kvij k*mindwgpgEdrza srIr; RtUvGjrMuB&TÆehIy eRb[bdUcCa

Cab´ehIy

cMENkÉRKab´mak´sag

k*mindwgpgEdrza

elIeQITaMgLay y¨agdUecñaHÉg .

Gj

Zm(TaMgLaynu@H

bNþaBiNZM EdlrMuB&TÆedayEs|keKaTTwk BiNZM mindwgza Gj


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smaZinieTÞs

RtUvEs|keKaTTwk rMuB&TÆehIyç cMENkEs|keKaTTwk k*mindwgpg

eQICJ¢aMgTaMgLayEdleKcgedayvløi¾TaMgLay eQICJ¢aMgTaMg

Edrza BiNZM RtUvGjrMuB&TÆehIy y¨agdUecñaHÉg . ZmμtaZm(TaMg

Lay mindwgza Gj RtUvvløi¾TaMgLay rYbrwtehIyç cMENkvløi¾

n@uH R:scakkarrMBwgKit nig karBicarNaeTAvijeTAmk . Zmμta

TaMgLayvij k*mindwgpgEdrza eQICJ¢aMgTaMgLay RtUvGjrYb

Es|k CacMENkepSgedayELk kñúgsrIr;enH minmanectna Ca

rwtehIy y¨agdUecñaHÉg . Zm(TaMgLaynu@H R:scakkarrMBwgKit

GBüaRkwt esaHsUnü minEmnstV Carbs´rwg CabfvIZatu eday

nig karBicarNaeTAvijeTAmk . ZmμtasrésTaMgLayCacMENk

RbkardUecñHÉg .

epSgedayELk kñúgsrIr;enH minmancitþ CaGBüaRkwt esaHsUnü

‘mMsM’ sac´ bUklabtameRKagqÁwg ehIytaMgenA . bNþasac´

minEmnstV Carbs´rwg CabfvIZatu edayRbkardUecñHÉg .

‘GdðI’

nig eRKagqÁwgTaMgenaH eRKagqÁwgmindwgza Gj RtUvRbePTénsac´

bNþaqÁwgTaMgLay qÁwgEkgeCIgRTnUvqÁwgkeCIgehIyfitenAç

900 dMu bUklabehIyç cMENkÉsac´vij k*mindwgEdrza eRKag

qÁwgkeCIg RTnUvCg<g´ehIyfitenAç qÁwgCg<g´ RTnUvqÁwgePøAehIyfit

qÁwg RtUvGjbUklabehIy eRb[bdUcCa bNþaCJ¢aMgpÞHEdleKbUk

enAç qÁwgePøARTnUvqÁwgceg,HehIyfitenAç qÁwgceg,HRTnUvqÁwgxñgehIy

labehIy edaydIsÁitdMuZM CJ¢aMg mindwgza Gj RtUvdIsÁitdMud*ZM

fitenAç qÁwgxñg RTnUvqÁwg-k ehIyfitenAç qÁwg-k RTnUvqÁwgk|al

bUkehIyç cMENkÉdIsÁitdMuZMvij k*mindwgpgEdrza CJ¢aMg RtUv

ehIyfitenAç qÁwgk|al fitenAelIqÁwg-kç qÁwg-k fitenAelIqÁwg

GjbUkehIy y¨agdUecñaHÉg . ZmμtaZm(TaMgn@uH R:scakkar

xñgç qÁwgxñg fitenAelIqÁwgceg,Hç qÁwgceg,H fitenAelIqÁwgePøAç qÁwg

rMBwgKit nig karBicarNaeTAvijeTAmk . Zmμtasac´ CacMENk

ePøA fitenAelIqÁwgCg<g´ç qÁwgCg<g´ fitenAelIqÁwgkeCIgç qÁwgkeCIg

epSgedayELk kñúgsrIr;enH minmanectna CaGBüaRkwt esaH

fitenAelIqÁwgEkgeCIg . bNþaqÁwgTaMgenaH qÁwgEkgeCIg mindwgza

sUnü minEmnstV Carbs´rwg CabfvIZatu edayRbkardUecñHÉg .

Gj RTnUvqÁwgkeCIg ehIyfitenAç cMENkqÁwgkeCIg k*mindwgEdr

‘srés’

za Gj RTnUvqÁwgCg<g´ ehIyfitenAç qÁwgCg<g´ k*mindwgza Gj RT

srésTaMgLay rYbrwtqÁwgTaMgLay taMgenA kñúgcenøaH én

nUvqÁwgePøA ehIyfitenAç qÁwgePøA k*mindwgza Gj RTnUvqÁwgceg,H

srIr; . bNþasrés nigqÁwgTaMgenaH qÁwgTaMgLaymindwgza Gj

ehIyfitenAç qÁwgceg,H k*mindwgEdrza Gj RTnUvqÁwgxñg ehIyfit

RtUvsrésTaMgLayrYbrwtehIyç cMENkÉsrésTaMgLay k*min

enAç qÁwgxñg k*mindwgEdrza Gj RTnUvqÁwg-k ehIyfitenAç qÁwg-k

dwgpgEdrza qÁwgTaMgLay RtUvGjrYbrwtehIy eRb[bdUcCa bNþa

k*mindwgEdrza Gj RTnUvqÁwgk|al ehIyfitenAç qÁwgk|al k*min


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smaZinieTÞs

dwgEdrza Gj fitenAelIqÁwg-kç qÁwg-k k*mindwgEdrza Gj fit

Lay manbMBg´b\sSICaedIm y¨agdUecñaHÉg . sPavZm(TaMgLay

enAelIqÁwgxñgç qÁwgxñg k*mindwgEdrza Gj fitenAelIqÁwgceg,Hç qÁwg

n@uH R:scakkarrMBwgKit nig karBicarNaeTAvijeTAmk . Zmμta

ceg,H k*mindwgEdrza Gj fitenAelIqÁwgePøAç qÁwgePøA k*mindwgEdrza

xYrkñúgqÁwg CacMENkepSgedayELk kñúgsrIr;enH minmanectna

Gj fitenAelIqÁwgCg<g´ç qÁwgCg<g´ k*mindwgEdrza Gj fitenAelI

CaGBüaRkwt esaHsUnü minEmnstV Carbs´rwg CabfvIZatu eday

qÁwgkeCIgç qÁwgkeCIg k*mindwgEdrza Gj fitenAelIqÁwgEkgeCIg

RbkardUecñHÉg .

‘vk,M’

eRb[bbIdUcCabNþaRsTab´énvtæú man«dð eQI nig eKam&yCaedIm vtæúEdlenAxageRkam>

mindwgza

RTRTg´nUvvtæúEdlenAxag

Tac CadMusac´EdlCab´CamYynwgsrésZM edImmanEtmYy

elI> ehIyfitenAç cMENkÉvtæúEdlenAxagelI> k*mindwgEdrza

srés ecjGMBIbMBg´keTAbnþic k*EbkCa 2 srés rMusac´ebHdUg

Gj

sPavZm(TaMg

ehIyfitenA . bNþasrésZM nig TacenaH srésZM mindwg za

Layn@uH R:scakkarrMBwgKit nig karBicarNaeTAvijeTAmk .

Tac Cab´rMuB&TÆ edayGjç cMENkÉTac k*mindwgEdrza Gj rMuB&TÆ

ZmμtaqÁwg CacMENkepSgedayELk kñúgsrIr;enH minmanectna

srésZM eRb[bdUcCa bNþaEpøsVayePøaH EdlCab´CamYynwgTg

CaGBüaRkwt esaHsUnü minEmnstV Carbs´rwg CabfvIZatu eday

Tgmindwgza EpøsVayePøaH Cab´edaysaGjç cMENkEpøsVayePøaH

RbkardUecñHÉg .

k*mindwgpgEdrza Gj Cab´edaysaTg y¨agdUecñaHÉg . sPav-

fitenAelIvtæúxageRkam>

Gj

y¨agdUecñaHÉg

.

‘GdðimiJ¢M’

Zm(TaMgLayn@uH R:scakkarrMBwgKit nig karBicarNaeTAvijeTA

xYrkñúgqÁwg fitenARtg´cenøaHxagkñúg énqÁwgTaMgLayenaH> .

mk . ZmμtaTac CacMENkepSgedayELk kñúgsrIr;enH minman

bNþaqÁwg nig xYrTaMgenaH qÁwgTaMgLay mindwgza xYr fitenAehIy

citþ CaGBüaRkwt esaHsUnü minEmnstV Carbs´rwg CabfvIZatu

BÆd*xagkñúgGjç cMENkÉxYrvij k*mindwgEdrza Gj fitenAehIy

edayRbkardUecñHÉg .

‘hTyM’

BÆd*xagkñúg énqÁwgTaMgLay eRb[bbIdUcCa bNþabNþÚlTaMgLay manbNþÚlepþA EdleKRsuHehIyCaedIm RtUveKRckcUleTA BÆd*

ebHdUg GaRs&yRtg´kNþaleRKag énqÁwgedImRTUg fitenA

xagkñúg énbMBg´TaMgLaymanbMBg´b\sSICaedIm vtæúmanbMBg´b\sSI

BÆd*xagkñúgénsrIr; . bNþaBÆd*xagkñúgeRKagénqÁwgRTUg nig ebHdUg

CaedIm mindwgza bNþÚlepþATaMgLay KWeKRckehIy kñúgGjç É

enaH BÆd*xagkñúgeRKagénqÁwgedImRTUg mindwgza ebHdUg fitenA:n

bNþÚlepþATaMgLay k*mindwgEdrza

eRBaHGaRs&yGjç

Gj fitenAehIy kñúgvtæúTaMg

cMENkÉebHdUg k*mindwgEdrza

Gj fitenA


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smaZinieTÞs

:n eRBaHGaRs&yxagkñúg éneRKagénqÁwgedImRTUg eRb[bbIdUcCa

esaHsUnü minEmnstV Carbs´rwg CabfvIZatu edayRbkardUecñH.

bNþadMusac´ EdlbuK<ltMkl´Tuk GaRs&yxagkñúgéneRKagénEsñg

‘kielamkM’

sRmab´EsgEdlcas´ xagkñúgéneRKagénEsñgEsgEdlcas´ min

bNþavavTaMgLay vavEdlkM:Mg rYbrwtnUvebHdUgpg nUv

dwgza dMusac´ RtUvbuK<ltMkl´Tuk eRBaHGaRs&yGjç cMENkÉdMu

Tacpg ehIyfitenAç vavEdlminkM:Mg rMusac´xageRkam énEs|k

sac´ k*mindwgEdrza xagkñúgéneRKagénEsñgEsg RtUvbuK<ltMkl´

kñúgsrIr;TaMgmUl ehIyfitenA .

Tuk eRBaHGaRs&yGj y¨agdUecñaHÉg .

sPavZm(TaMgLayn@uH

srIr;TaMgmUlenaH Tac ebHdUg nig sac´ kñúgsrIr;TaMgmUlenaH

R:scakkarrMBwgKit nig karBicarNaeTAvijeTAmk . ZmμtaebH

mindwgza Gj RtUvbiT:MgehIy edayvavç vav k*mindwgza Tac

dUg

Ca

ebHdUg nig sac´kñúgsrIr;TaMgmUl RtUvGjbiT:MgehIy eRb[b

GBüaRkwt esaHsUnü minEmnstV Carbs´rwg CabfvIZatu eday

bIdUcCa nakalsac´ EdlbuK<lykkMNat´sMBt´x©b´ehIy sac´

RbkardUecñHÉg .

mindwgza

CacMENkepSgedayELk

kñúgsrIr;enH

minmanectna

‘yknM’

Gj

RtUveKx©b´ehIy

CMnMuTac ebHdUg nig sac´ kñúg

edaykMNat´sMBt´ç

cMENkÉ

kMNat´sMBt´ k*mindwgpgEdrza sac´ RtUveKx©b´ehIy edayGj

ezøIm fitenAehIy GaRs&ynUvCMeh[gxagsþaM BÆd*xagkñúg

y¨agdUecñaHÉg . sPavZm(TaMgLayn@uH R:scakkarrMBwgKit nig

énedaHTaMgBIr xagkñúgénsrIr; . bNþaCMeh[gxagsþaM BÆd*xagkñúg

karBicarNaeTAvijeTAmk . Zmμtavav CacMENkepSgedayELk

énedaH nig ezøImenaH CMeh[gxagsþaM kñúgxagkñúgénedaHTaMgLay

kñúgsrIr;enH minmanectna CaGBüaRkwt esaHsUnü minEmnstV

mindwgza ezøImfitenAehIy eRBaHGaRs&yGjç cMENkÉezøImvij

Carbs´rwg CabfvIZatu edayRbkardUecñHÉg .

‘bihkMM’

k*mindwgEdrza GjfitenAehIy eRBaHGaRs&yCMeh[gxagsþaM kñúg xagkúñgénedaHTaMgLay eRb[bdUcCabNþadMusac´ePøaH EdlCab´enA Rtg´TIxagénGMEbgqñaMg

TIxagénGMEbgqñaMg

mindwgza

dMusac´ePøaH

RkBH fitenA GaRs&ynUvxagénk|aléndM:reBaH Rtg´xag eqVg énebHdUg .

nakaldMu:yG EdlbuK<ldak´ehIy GaRs&y

Cab´enAelIGjç cMENkÉdMusac´ePøaH k*mindwgEdrza GjCab´enA

nUvxagkMBUlénCRguk TIxagkMBUlénCRguk mindwgza dMu:yG fit

Rtg´TIxagénGMEbgqñaMg

sPavZm(TaMgLayn@uH

enAehIy eRBaHGaRs&ynUvGjç cMENkdMu:yG k*mindwgEdrza

R:scakkarrMBwgKit nig karBicarNaeTAvijeTAmk . ZmμtaezøIm

Gj fitenAehIy eRBaHGaRs&ynUvxagkMBUlénCRguk y¨agNa

CacMENkepSgedayELk kñúgsrIr;enH

mijç

y¨agdUecñaHÉg

.

minmancitþ

CaGBüaRkwt

bNþaTIxagelIdM:reBaHxageqVg nig RkBHenaH TIxagk|al


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éndM:reBaH mindwgza RkBH fitenAehIy eRBaHGaRs&ynUvGjç

294

smaZinieTÞs eBaHev[nZM fitenA kñúgxagkñúgénsrIr; Rtg´TIbMput énsnÞH

cMENkÉRkBH k*mindwgEdrza Gj fitenAehIy eRBaHGaRs&ynUv

bMBg´k nig pøÚvénGaharcas´ .

TIxagénkMBUléndM:reBaH k*y¨agdUecñaHEdr .

sPavZm(TaMgLay

ev[nZMenaH TIxagkñúgénsrIr; mindwgza eBaHev[nZM fitenA elIGjç

n@uH R:scakkarrMBwgKit nig karBicarNaeTAvijeTAmk . Zmμta

cMENkÉeBaHev[nZM k*mindwgEdrza GjfitenA kñúgxagkñúgénsrIr;

RkBH CacMENkepSgedayELk kñúgsrIr;enH minmanectna Ca

eRb[bdUcCa nakalsaksBénBs´ mank|alKWbuK<lkat´ehIy

GBüaRkwt esaHsUnü minEmnstV Carbs´rwg CabfvIZatu eday

EdleKdak´bMeBn kñúgsñÚkénQamç sñÚkénQam mindwgza sak

RbkardUecñHÉg .

sBénBs´ fitenAelIGjç cMENkÉsaksBénBs´ k*mindwgEdr

‘b:ösM’

bNþaTIxagkñúgénsrIr; nig eBaH

za Gj fitenA kñúgsñÚkénQam y¨agdUecñaHÉg .

sPavZm(TaMg

sYt biT:MgxagelIebHdUgpg ezøImpg enARtg´cenøaH én

Layn@uH R:scakkarrMBwgKit nig karBicarNaeTAvijeTAmk .

edaHTaMgBIr kñúgxagkñúgénsrIr; ehIysMyugcuH fitenA . nakal

ZmμtaeBaHev[nZM CacMENkepSgedayELk kñúgsrIr;enH minman

sMbukénstVsøab z¬k´BüÜr kñúgxagkñúgénCRgukcas´ TIxagkñúg én

citþ CaGBüaRkwt esaHsUnü minEmnstV Carbs´rwg CabfvIZatu

CRgukcas´ mindwgza sMbukénstVsøab kalz¬k´ehIyfitenA elI

edayRbkardUecñHÉg .

‘GnþKuNM’

Gjç cMENkÉsMbukstVsøab k*mindwgEdrza Gj kalz¬k´ehIy fitenA kñúgxagkñúgénCRgukcas´ y¨agNamijç bNþaTIxagkñúg én

eBaHev[ntUc B&TÆB&nÆ nUvpñt´éneBaHev[nZMTaMgLay 21 pñt´

srIr; nig sYtenaH TIxagkñúgénsrIr; mindwgza sYt kalz¬k´

Rtg´cenøaHéneBaHev[nZM ehIyfitenA . nakalExSTaMgLayEdl

ehIy fitenAelIGjç cMENksYt k*mindwgEdrza Gj kalz¬k´

xÞas´nUvrgVg´énExSsMrab´eCIg ehIyfitenAç cgVayExSsMrab´CUteCIg

ehIy fitenA kñúgxagkñúgsrIr; mansPaBEbbenH y¨agenaHEdr .

mindwgza ExSTaMgLaycak´ERsHnUveyIg ehIyfitenAç cMENkExS

sPavZm(TaMgLayn@uH R:scakkarrMBwgKit nig karBicarNaeTA

TaMgLay k*mindwgEdrza eyIgcak´ERsHnUvvgVg´énExSsMrab´CUteCIg

vijeTAmk . ZmμtasYt CacMENkepSgedayELk kñúgsrIr;enH

ehIyfitenA y¨agNamijç bNþaeBaHev[nZM nig eBaHev[ntUcenaH

minmanectna

eBaHev[nZM mindwgza eBaHev[ntUc cgTUeTAnUvGj ehIyfitenAç

CaGBüaRkwt

esaHsUnü

CabfvIZatu edayRbkardUecñHÉg .

‘GnþM’

minEmnstV

Carbs´rwg

cMENkÉeBaHev[ntUc

k*mindwgEdrza

Gj

cgTUeTAnUveBaHev[nZM

ehIyfitenA k*y¨agdUecñaHEdr . sPavZm(TaMgLayn@uH R:scak


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smaZinieTÞs

karrMBwgKit nig karBicarNaeTAvijeTAmk . ZmμtaeBaHev[ntUc

Gaharcas´ k*mindwgEdrza Gj fitenAehIy kñúgRkBHénóc©ar;

CacMENkepSgedayELk kñúgsrIr;enH minmancitþ CaGBüaRkwt

k*y¨agenaHEdr . sPavZm(TaMgLayn@uH R:scakkarrMBwgKit nig

sUnü minEmnstV Carbs´rwg CabfvIZatu edayRbkardUecñHÉg .

karBicarNaeTAvijeTAmk

‘óTriyM’

.

ZmμtaGaharcas´

CacMENkepSg

edayELk kñúgsrIr;enH minmanectna CaGBüaRkwt esaHsUnü

vtæúEdleKsIu pwk TMBasIu CJ¢k´CJ¢ab´ fitenA kñúgeBaH

minEmnstV Carbs´rwg CabfvIZatu edayRbkardUecñHÉg .

‘mtælug<M’

eQμaHza GaharzμI . bNþaeBaH nig GaharzμIenaH eBaH mindwgza GaharzμI fitenAelIGjç cMENkÉGaharzμI k*mindwgEdrza Gj

xYrkñúgk|al fitenA kñúgxagkúñg énllad¾k|al . bNþa

fitenA kñúgeBaH eRb[bbIdUcCa nakalkMGYténEq, EdlfitenAehIy

xagkñúgénllad¾k|al nig xYrkñúgk|alenaH TIxagkñúgénllad¾

kñúgsñÚkénEq,ç sñÚkénEq, mindwgza kMGYténEq, fitenAehIyelIGjç

k|al mindwgza xYrkñúgk|al fitenAehIy elIGjç cMENkxYrkñúg

cMENkÉkMGYténEq, k*mindwgza Gj fitenAehIy kñúgsñÚkénEq,

k|al k*mindwgpgEdrza Gj fitenAehIy kñúgxagkñúgénllad¾

y¨agdUecñaHÉg . sPavZm(TaMgLayn@uH R:scakkarrMBwgKit nig

k|al eRb[bdUcCa nakaldMuénemSA EdlbuK<lRckehIykñúgsMbk

karBicarNaeTAvijeTAmk . ZmμtaGaharzμI CacMENkepSgeday

eXøakcas´ç llad¾eXøak mindwgza duMénemSA fitenAehIy elI

ELk kñúgsrIr;enH minmancitþ CaGBüaRkwt esaHsUnü minEmn

Gjç cMENkdMuénemSA k*mindwgEdrza Gj fitenAehIy kñúgsMbk

stV Carbs´rwg CabfvIZatu edayRbkardUecñHÉg .

eXøak y¨agdUecñaHÉg . sPavZm(TaMgLayn@uH R:scakkarrMBwg

‘krIsM’

Kit nig karBicarNaeTAvijeTAmk . ZmμtaxYrkñúgk|al CacMENk

Gaharcas´ fitenAkñúgTIbMputéneBaHev[nZM R:kdesμIeday zñaMgénb\sSI 8 Zñab´ eBalKWRkBHénGaharcas´ . nakaldIsÁit

epSgedayELk kñúgsrIr;enH minmanectna CaGBüaRkwt esaH sUnü minEmnstV Carbs´rwg CabfvIZatu edayRbkardUecñHÉg .

manB(Nel]gd*Tn´ EdlbuK<lRc:c´ ehIyRckeTAkñúgzñaMgb\sSIç

‘Gae:ekadðas’

zñaMgénb\sSI mindwgza dIsÁitmanB(Nel]g fitenAehIyelIeyIgç

‘bitþM’

cMENkÉdIsÁitvij k*mindwgEdrza Gj fitenAehIy kñúgzñaMg én

bNþaRbmat´TaMgLay Rbmat´«teRsam RCYtRCabnUvsrIr;

b\sSI y¨agNamijç bNþaRkBHóc©ar; nig Gaharcas´enaH RkBH

TaMgmUl

énóc©ar; mindwgza Gaharcas´ fitenAehIy elIeyIgç

eRsamfitenAehIy kñúgeRsaménRbmat´ . nakaleRbgRCYtRCab

cMENkÉ

Cab´cMeBaHehIynUvCIviti®nÞIy¾

ehIyfitenAç

Rbmat´man


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nUvnMehIyfitenAç nMmindwgza eRbgRCYtRCabnUvGj ehIyfitenAç

fitenAehIy elIGjç cMENkÉesøsμ k*mindwgEdrza Gj fitenA

cMENkeRbg k*mindwgEdrza GjRCYtRCabnUvnM ehIyfitenA y¨ag

ehIykñúgdM:reBaH k*y¨agenaHEdr . sPavZm(TaMgLayn@uH R:s

Namijç bNþasrIr; nig Rbmat´«teRsam nig Rbmat´maneRsam

cakkarrMBwgKit nig karBicarNaeTAvijeTAmk . Zmμtaesøsμ Ca

enaH srIr; mindwgza Rbmat´«teRsamRCYtRCabGj ehIyfitenAç

cMENkepSgedayELk

cMENkÉRbmat´«teRsam k*mindwgEdrza Gj RCYtRCabnUvsrIr;

esaHsUnü minEmnstV CaTwkesIm mankarRCYtRCabCaGakar; Ca

ehIyfitenA k*y¨agenaHEdr . ‘mYyeT[t’ nakalsajénnenag

Gae:Zatu edayRbkardUecñHÉg .

kñúgsrIr;enH

minmancitþ

CaGBüaRkwt

‘bueBVa’

EdleBjehIy edayTwk kñúgrdUvePø{gç sMbknenagsaj mindwg za TwkkñúgrdUvePø{g fitenAehIy kñúgGjç cMENkTwkkñúgrdUvePø{g

xÞúH BMumanOkasenARbcaMeLIy kñúgsrIrb|eTsNa> Edl

k*mindwgEdrza Gj fitenAehIy kñúgsMbknenag y¨agNamijç

RtUvvtæúTaMgLay mandg<t´RcM bnøamut nig GNþatePøIgCaedIm b¨H

eRsaménRbmat´ mindwgza Rbmat´maneRsamfitenAehIy kñúgGjç

Tg<icehIyç Qam XaMgenAehIy k*xUceTAç müa¨geT[t eraKTaMg

cMENkRbmat´maneRsam k*mindwgpgEdrza Gj fitenAehIy kñúg

LaymanBk nig rlkEkvCaedIm rEmgekIteLIg k*fitenA kñúg

eRsaménRbmat´ k*y¨agdUecñaHEdr . sPavZm(TaMgLayn@uH R:s

srIrb|eTsenaH>Ég . nakaleQImanC&rhUrecjehIy eday

cakkarrMBwgKit nig karBicarNaeTAvijeTAmk . ZmμtaRbmat´

GMNacénkarRbhar edayb¨UvezACaedImç RbeTsmankarRbharCa

CacMENkepSgedayELk kñúgsrIr;enH minmancitþ CaGBüaRkwt

edIméneQI mindwgza C&rfitenAehIy elIeyIgTaMgLayç cMENk

esaHsUnü minEmnstV CaTwkesIm mankarRCYtRCabCaGakar; Ca

C&r k*mindwgEdrza Gj fitenAehIy kñúgRbeTsmankarRbharCa

Gae:Zatu edayRbkardUecñHÉg .

edIm énedImeQI y¨agNamijç bNþasrIrb|eTsEdlRtUvdg<t´

‘esmMØ’

nig bnøaCaedIm b¨HTg<ic nig xÞúHenaH RbeTsénsrIr;EdlRtUvdg<t´

esøsμ manRbmaNeBjmYyTUkéd fitenA kñúgdM:reBaH .

nig bnøaCaedIm b¨HTg<icehIy mindwgza xÞúH fitenAehIy elIBYk

nakalGNþÚgénRCaM mandMuénRkEBg EdlekItkñúgxagelIç GNþÚg

eyIgç cMENkxÞúH k*mindwgEdrza Gj fitenAehIy kñúgRbeTsTaMg

énRCaM mindwgza dMuénRkEBgTwk fitenAehIyelIGjç ÉRkEBgTwk

LayenaH k*y¨agenaHEdr .

k*mindwgEdrza Gj fitenAehIy kñúgGNþÚgénRCaM y¨agNamijç

rMBwgKit nig karBicarNaeTAvijeTAmk . ZmμtaxÞúHCacMENkepSg

bNþadM:reBaH

edayELk kñúgsrIr;enH

nig esøsμTaMgenaH dM:reBaH mindwgza esøsμ

sPavZm(TaMgLayn@uH R:scakkar

minmancitþ CaGBüaRkwt esaHsUnü min


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‘eseTa’

EmnCastV CaTwkesIm mankiriyaRCYtRCabCaGakar; CaGae:Zatu edayRbkardUecñHÉg .

ejIs bMeBjcenøaHénreNþA énsk´ nig eram ehIyfitenA

‘elahitM’

xøH hUrecjmk kñúgeBlTaMgLay maneBlEdlekþAsBV eday

bNþaQamTaMgLay sMsrNelahit ‘QamEdlrt´eTA

ePøIgCaedImxøH . kñúgRbehagreNþAsk´ nig eram CamYynwgejIs

mk’ RCYtRCabsrIr;TaMgmUl dUcCaRbmat´ ehIyfitenAç snñicit-

enaH RbehagreNþAénsk´ nig eramTaMgLay mindwgza ejIshUr

elahit ‘QamEdldk´enA’ bMeBjEpñkxageRkam énkEnøgrbs´

ecjcakeyIgTaMgLayç ejIs k*mindwgEdrza Gj hUrecjcak

ezøIm ehIyepSImnUvTac ebHdUg ezøIm nig sYtTaMgLay RbmaN

RbehagreNþAénsk´ nig eramTaMgLay eRb[bdUcCa nakal:c´

eBjmYyTUkéd ehIyfitenA . bNþaelahitTaMgBIrenaH vinicä&y

énRkOQUk nig TgénQUkCaedIm RKan´EtbuK<ldkeLIgecjGMBI

kñúgsMsrNelahit KWRbEhlKñanwgRbmat´«tmaneRsamEdr .

TwkehIyç cenøaHén:c´man:c´énRkOQUkCaedImmindwgza TwkhUr

cMENkkñúgsnñicitelahit eRkAGMBIenH Kb|IRCabvinic&äy dUcteTA

ecjcakeyIgTaMgLayç Twk kalhUrecjcakRbehagén:c´ én

enH KW ; nakalTwk Rsk´cuHehIy kñúgGMEbgEdlcas´ júaMgvtæú

RkOQUkCaedIm k*mindwgEdrza Gj hUrecjcakRbehag én:c´

TaMgLaymanKMnrdMudICaedIm BÆd*xageRkam oesImç vtæúTaMgLay

RkOQUkCaedIm y¨agdUecñaHÉg . sPavZm(TaMgLayn@uH R:s

manKMnrdMudICaedIm mindwgza eyIgTaMgLayRtUvTwkeZVIoesImç Twk

cakkarrMBwgKit

k*mindwgpgEdrza Gj júaMgvtæúTaMgLaymanKMnrdMudICaedImoesIm

CacMENkepSgedayELk kñúgsrIr;enH minmancitþ CaGBüaRkwt

y¨agNamijç TIénPaKxageRkaménezøImkþI vtæúmanTacCaedImkþI min

esaHsUnü minEmnstV CaTwkesIm mankarRCYtRCabCaGakar; Ca

dwgza Qam fitenA kñúgeyIg ß kalepSImnUveyIgehIyk*fitenAç

Gae:Zatu edayRbkardUecñHÉg .

nig

karBicarNaeTAvijeTAmk

.

ZmμtaejIs

‘emeTa’

Qam k*mindwgEdrza GjbMeBjEpñkxageRkaménezøIm ehIyepSIm TacCaedImoesIm ehIyfitenA k*y¨agenaHEdr . sPavZm(TaMg

xøaj´xab´ CaC&rEdlpSayeTAkan´srIr;TaMgmUl énmnusS

Layn@uH R:scakkarrMBwgKit nig karBicarNaeTAvijeTAmk .

EdlZat´ CaC&rd*xab´fitenA GaRs&ynUvsac´TaMgLay mansac´

ZmμtaQamCacMENkepSgedayELk kñúgsrIr;enH minmancitþ Ca

sμgCaedIm rbs´mnusSs<m . nakaldMuénsac´ EdleKbiT:Mg

GBüaRkwt esaHsUnü minEmnstV CaTwkesIm mankarRCYtRCab

ehIy edaykMNat´sMBt´ EdlbuK<lRClk´ehIyedayrem[tç dMu

CaGakar; CaGae:Zatu edayRbkardUecñHÉg .

énsac´

mindwgza kMNat´sMBt´EdleKRClk´ehIy edayrem[t


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fitenAehIy eRBaHGaRs&ynUvGjç cMENkkMNat´sMBt´ EdleK

ZmμtaTwkEPñk CacMENkepSgedayELk kñúgsrIr;enH minmancitþ

RClk´edayrem[t k*mindwgEdrza GjfitenAehIy eRBaHGaRs&y

CaGBüaRkwt

nUvdMusac´ y¨agNamijç bNþasac´CamYyxøaj´xab´enaH sac´ kñúg

RCabCaGakar; CaGae:Zatu edayRbkardUecñHÉg .

esaHsUnü

minEmnstV

CaTwkesIm

mankarRCYt

‘vsa’

srIr;TaMgmUlkþI kñúgGvyv;mansμgCaedImkþI mindwgza xøaj´xab´ fitenAehIy eRBaHGaRs&ynUvGjç cMENkxøaj´xab´ k*mindwgEdr

xøaj´rav Caxøaj´EdlrlayfitenA kñúgépÞén:téd xñg:t

za Gj fitenAehIy eRBaHGaRs&ynUvsac´ kñúgsrIr;TaMgmUl ß

éd épÞ:teCIg xñg:teCIg kJ©b´RcmuH záas´ nig cg,Üyénsμa

kñúgGvyv;mansμgCaedIm k*y¨agenaHEdr . sPavZm(TaMgLayn@uH

TaMgLay kñúgeBlEdlekþAsBVeRBaHePøIgCaedIm . bNþaRbeTs

R:scakkarrMBwgKit nigkarBicarNaeTAvijeTAmk . Zmμtaxøaj´

manépÞ:tédCaedIm nig xøaj´ravenaH

xab´CacMENkepSgedayELkkñúgsrIr;enH minmancitþ CaGBüaRkwt

edIm mindwgza xøaj´ravRCYtRCabnUvGj ehIyfitenAç cMENkxøaj´

esaHsUnü minEmnstV CaC&rsÁit mankarRCYtRCabCaGakar; Ca

rav k*mindwgEdrza GjRCYtRCab kñúgRbeTsmanépÞén:tédCaedIm

Gae:Zatu edayRbkardUecñHÉg .

ehIyfitenA eRb[bbIdUcCa nakal:ykþaMg maneRbgRtUvbuK<l

‘GsSú’

RbeTsmanépÞ én:tédCa

dak´ehIyç :ykþaMg mindwgza eRbgRCYtRCabnUvGjehIyfitenAç

TwkEPñk ekItRBm kñúgeBlNa kñúgeBlenaH TwkEPñk júaMg

cMENkeRbg k*mindwgEdrza GjRCYtRCab nUv:ykþaMg ehIyfit

reNþAEPñk oeBj ehIyfitenAxøH hUrecjmkxøH . bNþareNþA

enA y¨agdUecñaHÉg . sPavZm(TaMgLayn@uH R:scakkarrMBwgKit

EPñk nig TwkEPñkenaH reNþAénEPñk mindwgza TwkEPñkfitenAehIy

nig karBicarNaeTAvijeTAmk . Zmμtaxøaj´rav CacMENkepSg

kñúgeyIgTaMgLayç cMENkTwkEPñk k*mindwgpgEdrza Gj fitenA

edayELk kñúgsrIr;enH minmancitþ CaGBüaRkwt esaHsUnü min

ehIy kñúgreNþAénEPñkTaMgLay eRb[bbIdUcCa nakalreNþA én

EmnstV CaTwkesIm mankiriyaRCYtRCabCaGakar; CaGae:Zatu

RKab´etñatx©ITaMgLay EdleBjehIy edayTwkç reNþA énRKab´

edayRbkardUecñHÉg .

‘exeLa’

etñatx©I mindwgza TwkfitenAehIy kñúgeyIgTaMgLayç cMENkTwk kñúgreNþAénRKab´etñatx©ITaMgLay k*mindwgEdrza Gj fitenAehIy

Twkmat´ç nakalbc©&yCaTIekIteLIgénTwkmat´ R:kdy¨ag

kñúgreNþAénRKab´etñatx©ITaMgLay y¨agdUecñaHÉg . sPavZm(TaMg

dUecñaH ekItmanç cuHehIycakxagénz¬al´TaMgBIr ehIyfitenAkñúgépÞ

Laynu@H R:scakkarrMBwgKit nig karBicarNaKñaeTAvijeTAmk .

énGNþat .

nakalreNþA éneRtIysÞwg EdlmanTwkhUrmindac´


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304

smaZinieTÞs

‘lsika’

épÞénreNþA mindwgza Twkdk´Cab´enA kñúgeyIgç Twk k*mindwgEdrza Gj dk´Cab´enAkñúgépÞénreNþA y¨agNamijç épÞénGNþat mindwg

TwkrMGil kaljúaMgkic©KWkarlabnUvsnøak´ énqÁwgTaMgLay

za Twkmat´ cuHZøak´cakxagénz¬al´TaMgBIr ehIyfitenA kñúgeyIgç

osMerc fitenAehIy kñúgsnøak´ 180 . nakalePøAénreTH Edl

cMENkTwkmat´k*mindwgEdrza Gj cuHcakxagénz¬al´TaMgLayBIr

buK<llabehIyedayeRbgç ePøAreTH mindwgza eRbgRbLak´Gj

ehIyfitenA elIépÞénGNþat k*y¨agdUecñaHEdr .

sPavZm(TaMg

ehIyfitenAç cMENkÉeRbg k*mindwgpgEdrza Gj labePøAreTH

Layn@uH R:scakkarrMBwgKit nig karBicarNaeTAvijeTAmk .

ehIyfitenA y¨agNamijç bNþasnøak´ 180 nig TwkrMGilenaH

ZmμtaTwkmat´ CacMENkepSgedayELk kñúgsrIr;enH minmancitþ

snøak´énqÁwg 180 mindwgza TwkrMGillabnUveyIgTaMgLayehIy

CaGBüaRkwt esaHsUnü minEmnstV CaTwkesIm mankiriyaRCYt

fitenAç cMENkTwkrMGil k*mindwgEdrza Gj labnUvsnøak´ 180

RCabCaGakar; CaGae:Zatu edayRbkardUecñHÉg .

ehIyfitenA k*y¨agenaHEdr . sPavZm(TaMgLayn@uH R:scak

‘sig¹alika’

karrMBwgKit nig karBicarNaeTAvijeTAmk .

TwksMe:r ekItRBm kñúgeBlNa kñúgeBlenaH júaMgekþag

cMENkepSgedayELk

kñúgsrIr;enH

ZmμtaTwkrMGil Ca

minmancitþ

CaGBüaRkwt

RcmuHoeBj ehIyfitenAxøH hUrecjxøH . bNþaekþagRcmuH nig

esaHsUnü minEmnstV CaTwkesIm mankiriyaRCYtRCabCaGakar;

TwksMe:renaH ekþagRcmuH mindwgza TwksMe:r fitenAehIy kñúg

CaGae:Zatu edayRbkardUecñHÉg .

eyIgç cMENkTwksMe:r k*mindwgEdrza Gj fitenAehIykñúgekþag

‘mutþM’

RcmuHTaMgLay eRb[bbIdUcCa nakalsMbkxüg EdleBjehIy

TwkmURt fitenA kñúgxagkñúg éne:økenam . nakalkÁmRsaM

edayTwkedaHCUrpÁÚmç sMbkxüg mindwgza TwkedaHCUrpÁÚm fitenA

EdleKdak´ehIy manmat´cuHeRkam kñúgreNþARCaMhñwgÉgç kÁmRsaM

ehIy kñúgeyIgç cMENkTwkedaHCUrpÁÚm k*mindwgEdrza Gj fitenA

mindwgza rsénTwkRCaM fitenAehIykñúgeyIgç cMENkrsénTwkRCaM

ehIy

k*mindwgEdrza Gj fitenAehIy kñúgkÁmRsaM y¨agNamijç bNþa

kñúgsMbkxüg

y¨agdUecñaHÉg

.

sPavZm(TaMgLayn@uH

R:scakkarrMBwgKit nig karBicarNaeTAvijeTAmk . ZmμtaTwk

e:økenam nig TwkmURtenaH

sMe:r

Ca

ehIy kñúgeyIgç cMENkTwkmURt k*mindwgEdrza Gj fitenAehIy

mankiriyaRCYt

kñúge:økenam k*y¨agenaHEdr . sPavZm(TaMgLayn@uH R:scak

CacMENkepSgedayELk

GBüaRkwt

esaHsUnü

minEmnstV

kñúgsrIr;enH

minmancitþ

CaTwkesIm

RCabCaGakar; CaGae:Zatu edayRbkardUecñHÉg .

e:økenam mindwgza TwkmURt fitenA

karrMBwgKit nig karBicarNaKñaeTAvijeTAmk .

ZmμtaTwkmURt Ca


visuTÆimK< ERb cMENkepSgedayELk

kñúgsrIr;enH

305 minmancitþ

306

smaZinieTÞs

‘vaeyaekadðas’

CaGBüaRkwt

‘220’ bnÞab´GMBIenaHmk RBHeyaKI Kb|IkMNt´ nUvxül´

esaHsUnü minEmnstV CaTwkesIm mankiriyaRCYtRCabCaGakar;

Edlbk´eLIgelI edayGMNacénxül´Edlbk´eLIgelI kMNt´nUv

CaGae:Zatu edayRbkardUecñHÉg ³ .

‘eteCaekadðas’

xül´Edlbk´cuHeRkam edayGMNacxül´Edlbk´cuHeRkam kMNt´

‘219’ RBHeyaKavcr luHjúaMgmnsikar oRbRBwtþeTA kñúg

nUvxül´EdledkenAkñúgeBaH edayGMNacénxül´EdledkenA kñúg

bfvIekadðas nig Gae:ekadðasTaMgLay mansk´CaedIm dUc:n

eBaH

BN(namk y¨agenHehIy

EdledkenAkñúgsrés

Kb|IjúaMgmnsikar oRbRBwtþeTA kñúg

eteCaekadðas ‘cMENkénePøIg’ TaMgLay y¨agenH za ;

kMNt´nUvxül´EdledkenAkñúgsrés

edayGMNacénxül´

kMNt´nUvxül´Edlbk´

edayGMNacénxül´Edlbk´kñúgGvyv;tUc-ZM

kñúgGvyv;tUc-ZM kMNt´nUvxül´dk

²kay rEmgekþAsBV edayePøIgÉNaç ePøIgenH CacMENk

degØImecj nig xül´dkdegØImcUl edayGMNacénxül´dkdegØIm

epSgedayELk kñúgsrIr;enH minmancitþ CaGBüaRkwt TeT min

ecj nig xül´dkdegØImcUl ehIyKb|IjúaMgmnsikar oRbRBwtþ

EmnstV mankiriyaGb´kMedACaGakar; eQμaHza eteCaZatu³ dUecñHç

eTA kñúgcMENkénxül´TaMgLay y¨agdUecñH za ;

²kay EtgRTuDeRTam edayePøIgÉNaç ePøIgenH CacMENk

²Zmμtaxül´TaMgLay Edlbk´eLIgeTAelI CacMENkepSg

epSgedayELk kñúgsrIr;enH minmancitþ CaGBüaRkwt TeT min

edayELk kñúgsrIr;enH minmancitþ CaGBüaRkwt TeT minEmn

EmnstV mankiriyaGb´kMedACaGakar; eQμaHza eteCaZatu³ dUecñHç

stV manGakar;bk´e:keTAmk CavaeyaZatu³ dUecñHç

²kay EtgeqHeralral edayePøIgÉNaç ePøIgenH Ca

²Zmμtaxül´TaMgLay

Edlbk´cuHeRkam

CacMENkepSg

cMENkepSgedayELk kñúgsrIr;enH minmancitþ CaGBüaRkwt TeT

edayELk kñúgsrIr;enH minmancitþ CaGBüaRkwt TeT minEmn

minEmnstV mankarGb´kMedACaGakar; eQμaHza eteCaZatu³ dUecñHç

stV manGakar;bk´e:keTAmk CavaeyaZatu³ dUecñHç

²vtæúman:yCaedIm EdlbuK<lsIuehIy pwkehIy TMBasIu

²Zmμtaxül´TaMgLay EdledkenAkñúgeBaH CacMENkepSg

ehIy nig liTÆehIy Etgdl´nUvkiriyaERbRbYleTA edayRbéB

edayELk kñúgsrIr;enH minmancitþ CaGBüaRkwt TeT minEmnstV

edayePøIgÉNaç ePøIgenH CacMENkepSgedayELk kñúgsrIr;enH

manGakar;bk´e:keTAmk CavaeyaZatu³ dUecñHç

minmancitþ

CaGBüaRkwt

TeT

minEmnstV

CaGakar; eQμaHza eteCaZatu³ dUecñHÉg .

mankiriyaGb´kMedA

²Zmμtaxül´TaMgLay epSgedayELk kñúgsrIr;enH

EdledkenAkñúgsrés minmancitþ

CacMENk

CaGBüaRkwt TeT min


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EmnstV manGakar;bk´e:keTAmk CavaeyaZatu³ dUecñHç

308

smaZinieTÞs

²CaZatuxül´³ y¨agdUecñH .

²Zmμtaxül´TaMgLay Edlbk´kñúgGvyv;tUcZM CacMENk

RBHeyaKIKb|IkMNt´lk¡N;EdlRCYtRCab kñúgcMENkTaMg

epSgedayELk kñúgsrIr;enH minmancitþ CaGBüaRkwt TeT min

Lay 12 za ²Gae:Zatu³ . kMNt´lk¡N;EdldutkMedA kñúg

EmnstV manGakar;bk´e:keTAmk CavaeyaZatu³ dUecñHç

cMENkTaMg 12 enaHÉg za ²eteCaZatu³ . kMNt´lk¡N;Edl

²Zmμtaxül´TaMgLay EdlsMrab´dkdegØIjecj nig dk degØImcUl

CacMENkepSgedayELk

kñúgsrIr;enH

minmancitþ

CaGBüaRkwt TeT minEmnCastV manGakar;bk´e:keTAmk Ca

bk´e:keTAmk kñúgcMENkTaMg 12 enaHÉg za ²eteCaZatu³ . kMNt´lk¡N;Edlrwg kñúgcMENkTaMg 12 enaHÉg za ²bfvIZatu³ dUecñHÉg . RBHeyaKI Kb|IkMNt´lk¡N;EdldutkMedA kñúgcMENkTaMg

vaeyaZatu³ y¨agdUecñH . ZatuTaMgLay EtgR:kd dl´RBHeyaKavcrenaH Gñkman

Lay 4 za ²eteCaZatu³ .

Kb|IkMNt´lk¡N;Edlbk´e:keTA

mnsikarRbRBwtþeTA y¨agenH . kalRBHeyaKIenaH nwkrMBwg eZVITuk

mk EdlminEbkEx\kecjBIZatuePøIgenaH za ²veyaZatu³ . kMNt´

kúñgcitþ nUvZatuTaMgLayenaH er]y> óbcarsmaZi rEmgekIteLIg

lk¡N;Edlrwg EdlminEbkEx\kBIZatuePøIgenaH za ²bfvIZatu³ .

tamn&yEdlelak:neBalmkehIyn@uHÉg .

kMNt´lk¡N;EdlRCYtRCabEdlminEbkEx\kecjBIZatuePøIgenaH

Etza kalRBHeyaKINa cMerIny¨agenH kmμdðan minsMercç RBHeyaKIenaH Kb|IcMerIn edayslk¡Nseg¡bcuH .

sYrza ;

za ²Gae:Zatu³ dUecñHÉg . RBHeyaKI Kb|IkMNt´yklk¡N;Edlbk´e:keTAmk kñúg

‘cMerInedayslk¡Nseg¡b’

cMENkTaMgLay6 za ²vaeyaZatu³ . kMNt´lk¡N;Edlrwg kúñg

Kb|IcMerIn edayslk¡Nseg¡b dUcemþc / .

cMENkTaMg 6 enaHÉg za ²bfvIZatu³ .

eqøIyza ; RBHeyaKI Kb|IkMNt´yklk¡N;Edlrwg kñúg cMENkTaMgLay 20 za ²CaZatudI³ dUecñH .

Kb|IkMNt´yk

kMNt´lk¡N;EdlRCYt

RCab kúñgcMENkTaMg 6 enaHÉg za ²Gae:Zatu³ . kMNt´yk lk¡N;EdlGb´kMedAkúñgcMENkTaMg 6 enaHEdrza ²eteCaZatu³ .

lk¡N;EdlRCYtRCab kñúgcMENkTaMgLay 20 enaHÉg za ²Ca

kalRBHeyaKIenaH kMNt´ y¨agdUecñH ZatuTaMgLay rEmg

ZatuTwk³ dUecñHç Kb|IkMNt´yklk¡N;EdlGb´kMedA kñúgcMENk

R:kd . kalRBHeyaKIenaH rMBwg eZVITukkñúgcitþ nUvZatuTaMgLay

TaMgLay 20 enaHÉg za ²CaZatuePøIg³ dUecñHç Kb|IkMNt´yk

enaH er]y>ç óbcarsmaZi rEmgekIteLIg tamn&yEdlelak

lk¡N;Edlbk´e:keTAmk kñúgcMENkTaMgLay 20 enaHÉg za

eBalehIyenaHÉg .


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Etza kalRBHeyaKINa cMerIny¨agenH kmμdðan minsMercç RBHeyaKIenaH Kb|IcMerIn edaykarEvkEjktamlk¡N;rbs´xøÜn .

‘cMerInedayslk¡NviPtþi’ sYrza; RBHeyaKIKb|IcMerIn edaykarEvkEjktamlk¡N; rbs´xøÜn y¨agdUcemþc / . eqøIyza; RBHeyaKIKb|IkMNt´nUvGakar;TaMgLay mansk´ CaedIm tamn&yEdlelakeBalehIy kñúgkalmunenaHÉg ehIy kMNt´nUvlk¡N;rwg kñúgsk´ za ²bfvIZatu³ .

kMNt´nUvlk¡N;

EdlRCYtRCab kñúgsk´enaHÉg za ²Gae:Zatu³ . kMNt´lk¡N; EdlGb´kMedA kñúgsk´enaHÉg za ²eteCaZatu³ . kMNt´lk¡N; Edlbk´e:keTAmk kñúgsk´enaHEdr za ²vaeyaZatu³ . RBHeyaKI Kb|IkMNt´ZatubYn> kñúgZatumYy> kñúgcMENkTaMgGs´ y¨agenH . kalRBHeyaKIenaH kMNt´y¨agenH ZatuTaMgLay rEmgR:kd . kalRBHeyaKI nwkrMBwg eZVITukkñúgcitþnUvZatuTaMgenaH o:ner]y> óbcarsmaZi rEmgekIteLIgtamn&yEdl:neBalehIynu@HÉg .

‘mnsikar edayGakar; 13 k*:n’ ‘221’ müa¨gvijeT[t RBHeyaKI Kb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþ nUvZatu TaMgLay edayGakar;TaMgLayenH k*:n KW ;

vcndðeta

edayEkGtærbs´Baküç

klabeta

edayklab; ‘BYk’ç

cuNÑeta

edaylMGitç

lk¡NaTieta

edaylk¡N;CaedImç

310

smaZinieTÞs

smudðaneta

edaysmudðanç

nanetþktþeta

edayPaBepSgKña nig RtUvKñaç

vinieBÖaKavinieBÖaKeta edayPaBEdlEbkBIKña nig minEbk GMBIKñaç

sPaKvisPaKeta

edayPaBEdlmancMENkesμIKña nig minesμIKñaç

GCÄtþikBahirviesseta

edayPaBEdlEbøkKñarbs´Zatu

Caxagkñúg nig ZatuCaxageRkAç

sg<heta

edayse®g<aHç

bc©yeta

edaybc©&yç

Gsmnñahareta

edayPaBEdlmindwgnUvKñanwgKñaç

bc©yviPaKeta

edaykiriyaEcknUvbc©&y .

EkbTvcndðeta kñúgGakar;TaMgenaH RBHeyaKI kaleZVITukkñúgcitþ edayEk Gtærbs´Bakü

Kb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþ

edayEkGtærbs´Bakü

eday

GMNacénPav;viess nig esμIKña y¨agdUecñH za ²eQμaHza bfvI Zatu eRBaHPav;énZatuenaHRkas´ç eQμaHza Ge: eRBaHeZVIoesIm eZVIoeCak ß eZVIoRCYtRCabç eQμaHza eteCa eRBaHGb´oekþAç eQμaHza vaeya eRBaHbk´e:k³ dUecñH . ebIeBaledayesckþImin EbøkKña eQμaHza Zatu eRBaHRTRTg´TuknUvlk¡N;rbs´xøÜnpg eRBaH CaTItaMgénesckþITuk¡pg eRBaHCaTIrgnUvesckþITuk¡pg .


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EkbTklabeta

312

smaZinieTÞs

RbmaNBak´kNþal GMBIbfvIZatuenaH se®g<aHehIy KWeteCaZatu

‘222’ Baküza ²klabeta³ manB(Nnaza ; RBHGdðkza

rkSaTukehIy KWvaeyaZatu e:kbk´ehIy Kg´minerayray min

sMEdgbfvIZatu edayGakar;TaMgLay 20 edayn&yza ²sk´

x©at´x©ayeTAç bfvIZatuenaH kalminerayray minx©at´x©ay rEmg

eram³

edayGakar;TaMgLay

cUleTACitdl´nUvkiriyakMNt´c|as´ manviZICaeRcIny¨ag mankar

12 edayn&yza ²Rbmat´ esøsμ³ dUecñHCaedImpg enHÉNaç kñúg

rab´ za ²CaRsI CaRbus³ dUecñHCaedImpg EtgRbkas nUvPaBén

Gakar;TaMgLayenaH

Gakar; mans<m Zat´ Evg xøI rwgbuwg nig Tn´Pøn´CaedImpg .

dUecñHCaedImpgç

sMEdgGae:Zatu

eRBaHkiriyaRbCMuKñaénZm( 8 y¨ag KW; B(N køin rs OCa nig ZatuTaMg 4 karsnμtiza ²sk´³ eTIbmanç eRBaHkiriyaEjk nUvZm(TaMg 8 enaHÉg karsnμtiza ²sk´³ eTIbminmanç eRBaHehtuNaç eRBaHehtuenaH Baküza ²eksa³ RKan´EtCaBYk én

cMENk Gae:Zatu Edldl´nUvPaBesIm manGakar;RCYt RCab

kñúgsrIr;enH

manbfvIZatuCaTItaMg

RtUveteCaZatutamrkSa

ehIy RtUvvaeyaZatubk´pat´ehIy rEmgminhUrecj minRskcuHç kalminhUrecj minRskcuH eTIbrEmgbgØajnUvPaBeBjeRB[b . cMENketeCaZatu EdlmanPaBekþACalk¡N; mancMhay

Zm( 8 bueNÑaHÉg . Baküza ²eram CaedIm³ k*y¨agdUecñaHEdr .

CaGakar;ekItehIy júaMgrbs´EdleKsIu-pwkCaedIm orlYy kñúg

b¨uEnþkñúgcMENkTaMgenaH cMENkNa mankmμ Casmudðan cMENk

srIr;enH GaRs&ybfvIZatu RtUvGae:Zatu CYyse®g<aHehIy RtUv

enaH cat´CaBYkénZm( 10 CamYyKñanwgCIviti®nÞIy¾pg nig Pav;pgç

vaeyaZatu bk´pat´ehIy rEmgeZVIkayenHoekþApg rEmgnaMmknUv

Etza cMENkenaH dl´nUvkarrab´za ²bfvIZatu Gae:Zatu³ eday

kardl´RBm edayBN(sm|úr dl´ragkayenaHpg . mYyeT[t

GMNacéns&BÞEdleRbImkedayeRcIn . RBHeyaKIKb|IeZVITuk kñúg

kayenH RtUveteCaZatukMedAehIy eTIbminsMEdgnUvPaBsÁúy .

citþ edayklab ‘BYk’ y¨agenHÉg .

cMENkÉ vaeyaZatu pSayeTAkan´Gvyv;tUc nig ZM man

EkbTcuNÑeta ‘223’ Baküza ²cuNÑeta³ esckþIza EmnBit bfvIZatu KW Gacarü

kalkMNt´yk

edayRbmaNCakNþal

kñúgsrIr;enH

manlMGit edayRbePTd*tUcéRkElg CaZUlId*lÁit Kb|ICalMGit manRbmaNmYYyeTaN; ‘16 naLi’ .

bfvIZatuenaH KWGae:Zatu

lk¡N;e:kbk´ojab´j&r:n taMgenA:neRBaHbfvIZatu RtUv:n Gae:Zatuse®g<aHehIy

RtUveteCaZatu

rkSaTukehIy

eTIbjúaMg

kayenH oehIm:n . k*kayenH RtUvvaeyaZatuoehImehIy rEmgmineRTteRTat fitenARtg´ç kayenH RtUvvaeyaZatudéTeT[t bk´bEnæmehIy EtgbgØajnUvkardwgc|as´ kñúg«riyabzedIr Qr


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314

smaZinieTÞs

Gg<úy nig edk bt´cUl laecj rlas´édeCIg:n . ynþKWZatu

kñúgcMENkTaMgLayenaH

cMENkTaMgLay 4 enH KW ²GaharzμI

enH CaeRK]gbeJäat énCnBal edayPaBmanPaBCaRsIRbus Ca

Gaharcas´ xÞúH TwkmURt³ manrdUv CasmudðanEtmüa¨gç cMENk

edIm R:kdesμIedaymayarUb EtgRbRBwtþeTAy¨agdUecñHÉg .

TaMgLay 4 enH ²TwkEPñk ejIs Twkmat´ TwksMe:r³ manrdUv

RBH

eyaKI Kb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþ nUvZatuTaMgenaH edaylMGit y¨agenH .

EkbTlk¡NaTieta

nig citþCasmudðanç ePøIgsMrab´cMGinnUvGaharEdlbuK<lsIuehIyCa edIm mankmμCasmudðanEtmüa¨gç xül´dkdegØImecj nig xül´dk

‘224’ Baküza ²lk¡NaTieta³ esckþIza RBHeyaKIKb|I BicarNa nUvZatuTaMg 4 y¨agenHza ²bfvIZatu manGVICalk¡N;

degØImcUl mancitþCasmudðanEtmüa¨gç ÉcMENkTaMgLayd*ess mansmudðan 4³ dUecñHÉg .

EkbTnanetþktþeta

manGVICakic© manGVICapl³ y¨agdUecñHehIy RtUveZVITukkñúgcitþeday

‘226’ Baküza ²nanetþktþeta³ esckþIza ZatuTaMgLay

Gakar;manlk¡N;CaedIm y¨agenHza ; ²bfvIZatu manPaBrwgeRKatRKatCalk¡N; mankartaMgenA s)b´Cakic© mankarTTYlRBmCaplç

Bit lk¡N; kic© nig pl énbfvIZatu suTÆEtepSgKña . lk¡N;

Gae:Zatu mankarhUrecjeTACalk¡N; mankarcMerInCa kic© mankiriyaeRCamERCgCaplç eteCaZatu

manPaBekþACalk¡N;

TaMgBYg manPaBepSg>Kña edayGakar;manlk¡N;CaedIm . Emn

kic© nig pl énZatuTaMgLaymanGae:ZatuCaedImk*epSgKñaEdr . EtZatuTaMgLayenaH sUm|ImanPaBepSg>Kña edayGMNacGakar;

mankarGb´kMedACakic©

mankiriyapþl´onUvPaBTn´Caplç vaeyaZatu mankiriyabk´pat´Calk¡N; mankiriyalan´»

manlk¡N;CaedIm nig edayGMNacénsmudðan mankmμsmudðan CaedIm

k*enAEtmanesckþIEtmYy

edayGMNacénPaBCarUb

Ca

mhaPUt CaZatu CaZm( nig Carbs´mineT[gTat´CaedIm .

eLIgCakic© mankiriyaer:nCapl³ dUecñH .

EmnBit ZatuTaMgGs´ eQμaHza rUb eRBaHZatuTaMgenaH min

EkbTsmudðaneta

knøgnUvlk¡N; énkarvinasRTuDeRTameTA:nç eQμaHza mhaPUt

‘225’ Baküza ²smudðaneta³ esckþIza RBHeyaKIKb|IeZVI TukkñúgcitþnUvZatuTaMgLay edaysmudðan y¨agenHza ²RBHmanRBH PaK RTg´sMEdgnUvcMENk 42 mansk´CaedIm edayGMNacénkar sMEdgnUvcMENkénZatu manbfvIZatuCaedIm edayBisþar enHÉNa

eRBaHehtuTaMgLay manPaBénkaymankarR:kdeRcInCaedIm .

EkbTmhnþ:tuPavaTIhi ‘227’ Baküza ²mhnþ:tuPavaTIhi³ esckþIza k*ZatuTaMg LayenH RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´za

mhaPUt edayehtuTaMg


visuTÆimK< ERb

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316

smaZinieTÞs

LayenH KW; edayPaBénZatuenaHCaZatuR:kdeRcInpg edayPaB

BN(RkhmeT ‘Et’ sMEdgó:TayrUb CaBN(Rkhm:nç xøÜnÉg

esμIKñaedaymhaPUtpg

minEmnmanBN(sesaH ‘Et’sMEdgnUvó:TayrUb CaBN(s:n

edaykarEzrkSaZMpg

edaykarERbRbYl

eRb[bbIdUcCa mnusSGñkmankll|ic sMEdgeZVITwkEdlminEmnCa

ZMpg edayeRBaHCaZmμCatZM nig eRBaHCarbs´Bitpg .

EkbTmhnþ:tuPaveta

EkvmNIesaH oeTACaEkvmNI:nç sMEdg eZVIdMudI EdlminEmnCa

bNþbTTaMgenaH bTza ²mhnþ:tuPaveta³ esckþIza Bit

masesaH oeTACamas:nç mYyeT[t eRb[bbIdUcCa mnusSGñk

EmnehIy mhaPUtTaMg 4 enH R:kd Carbs´ZM kñúgsnþanEdl

mankll|icenaH xøÜnÉg minEmnCayk¡ minEmnCabkSIesaH ‘Et’

minmancitþRKb´RKgpg kñúgsnþanEdlmancitþRKb´RKgpg . PaB

sMEdgnUvPaBCayk¡ k*:n nUvPaBCabkSI k*:n y¨agdUecñaHÉg .

EdlR:kdCarbs´ZM énsnþanTaMgBIrenaH kñúgsnþanEdlminman

eRBaHehtuenaH ZatuTaMgLayenaH eTIbeQμaHza mhaPUt eRBaH

citþRKb´RKg

esμIKñaedaymnusSmanmayaeRcIn KWmnusSmankll|ic .

xM\úeBalehIyEmnBit

kñúgBuTÆanusStinieTÞs

eday

mYyeT[t mhaPUtTaMgLay manyk¡CaedIm cab´nUvbuK<l

n&ymann&y za ;

EpndIenH bNÐiteBaledaykMras´zamanRbmaN

Naç TIxagkñúgénmhaPUtTaMgenaH KWbuK<lenaHkMNt´dwgmin:n TI

bu¨eNÑH KW ; 240ç000 eyaCn¾ dUecñHCaedIm .

xageRkA énmhaPUtTaMgenaH KWbuK<lenaH kMNt´dwgmin:n Etza

É:tuPUtTaMgLay d*CaZMhñwgÉg EtgmansUm|IkñúgsnþanEdlman

mhaPUtTaMgLayenaH minEmnminGaRs&ynUvbuK<lenaH fitenAeT

citþRKb´RKg edayGMNacénRtI GeNþIk eTvta nig GsurCaedIm .

y¨agNamijç sUm|IPUtKWZatuTaMgLayenH CaZmμCatiminfitenABÆd*

smdUcCa

²mñalPikú¡TaMgLay

xagkñúg minfitenABÆd*xageRkA énKñanwgKñaeT KWbuK<lkMNt´dwg:n

GtþPaBTaMgLay sUm|ImanRbEvgmYyryeyaCn¾ k*manEdr kñúg

Etza vaminEmnminfitenAGaRs&ynUvKñanwgKñaeT k*y¨agenaHEdr .

mhasmuRT³ dUecñHCaedIm .

eRBaHehtuenaH ZatuTaMgLayenaH eQμaHza mhaPUt k*eRBaHPav;

RBHd*manRBHPaK

RTg´Rtas´za

EkbTmhaPUtsamJ¦eta bTza ²mhaPUtsamJ¦eta³ esckþIza k*mhaPUtTaMgenH

Carbs´esμIKña edaymhaPUt manyk¡CaedIm eRBaHPav;énTItaMg KW buK<lminKYrKit RbkarmYy .

xøÜnÉg minEmnmanBN(ex[veT ‘Et’sMEdgnUvó:TayrUb ‘rUbEdl

mYyeT[t mhaPUtTaMgLay eBalKWyk¡inI biT:MgnUvPaB

EGbGaRs&y’ CaBN(ex[v:nç xøÜnÉg minEmnmanBN(el]geT

énxøÜnCaPUtEdlKYroP&yxøac ehIybeJäatnUvstVTaMgLayeday

‘Et’ sMEdgnUvó:TayrUb CaBN(el]g:nç xøÜnÉg minEmnman

karsMEdgnUvBN(sm|úr nig RTg´RTay EdlCaTIeBjcitþ y¨ag


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318

smaZinieTÞs

Namijç sUm|IPUtKWZatuTaMgLayenH biT:MgnUvrs nig lk¡N;

viJ¦aNRbkan´yk PaBénmhaPUtmanvikar;d*ZM rEmgR:dk kñúg

rbs´xøÜn epSgedaysPaBmanPaBénxøÜnCarbs´rwgCaedIm beJäat

eBlEdlZatukMerIk . BitdUecñaHEmn

nUvCnBal edayqvIvNÑ EdlCaTIKab´citþpg edayRTg´RTay én Gvyv;tUcZM EdlCaTIKab´citþpg edaykarsMEdgnUvéd eCIg Rmam éd nig cieJ©ImCaedIm EdlCaTIKab´citþpg minoeXIj nUvsPaB rbs´xøÜn:n k*y¨agdUecñaHEdr . eRBaHehtuenaH ZatuTaMgLayenaH eTIbeQμaHza mhaPUt eRBaHPav;CaZatumanPaBesμIKña edaymha PUt KW yk¡inI eRBaHPav;énZatuCaeRK]gbeJäat RbkarmYy .

EkbTmhabrihareta ‘228’ bTza ²mhabrihareta³ esckþIza eRBaHPav;én ZatuCarbs´EdlbuK<lKb|IEzrkSa edaybc©&yTaMgLayd*eRcIn . EmnBit PUtKWZatuTaMgLayenaHmanehIy KWRbRBwtþeTAehIyeday bc©&yTaMgLaymaneRK]gsIu nig eRK]gesø{kBak´CaedImy¨ageRcIn eRBaHPav;énbc©&yenaH KWbuK<lKb|InaMcUleTA er[gral´ézá> eRBaH ehtuenaH eTIbeQμaHza mhaPUt . müa¨geT[t eQμaHza mhaPUt eRBaHCaPUtEdlmankiriyaEzrkSad*eRcIn dUecñHk*:nEdr .

EkbTmhavikareta bTza ²mhavikareta³ esckþIza BitEmnehIy PUtKWZatu

GNþatePøIgraldaleLIgGMBIEpndI qabeLIg rhUteTAdl´RBhμelak

nakalelak

EdlmanGNþatqabeqH .

RtUvePøIg

elak Etgvinas edayTwk EdlkMerIkehIy

kñúgeBlNa kñúgeBlenaH cRkvaLmYy manmYy Esnekadi rEmgrlay . elak vinas edaykarkMerIkénvaeyaZatu kñúg eBlNa

kñúgeBlenaH

Esnekadi rEmgrlay .

cRkvaLmYy

manmYy

kayRtUvBs´manmat´Cavikar;éneQIcwkehIy rEmgCakayrwgKaMg ßza kayenaH CakayrwgKaMg kñúgmat´énBs´Cavikar;éneQI eRBaHkiriyakMerIk én bfvIZatuhñwgÉg . kay RtUvBs´manmat´sÁúycwkehIy Cakay sÁúy ßza kayenaH CakaysÁúy kñúgmat´énBs´ manmat´sÁúy eRBaHkarkMerIkénGae:ZatuhñwgÉg .

TaMgLaynu@H CamhaPUtEdlmanviJ¦aNRbkan´xøH minmanviJ¦aN

kay RtUvBs´manmat´Cavikar;énePøIgcwkehIy

Rbkan´xøH CamhaPUtmanvikard*eRcIn . kñúgcMeNam 2 y¨agenaH

CakayekþAsBV ßza kayenaH CakayekþAsBV kñúg

sMrab´mhaPUtEdlminmanviJ¦aNRbkan´ PaBénmhaPUtmanvikar; d*ZM rEmgR:kd kñúgeBlEdlkb|vinas sMrab´mhaPUt Edlman

mat´énBs´Cavikar;énePøIg eRBaHeteCaZatukMerIk . kay RtUvBs´manmat´dUcCakaMbit

cwkehIy


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rEmgCakaydac´dacehIy ßza kayenaH Cakaydac´ dac kñúgmat´énBs´manmat´dUcCakaMbit eRBaHkarkMerIk énvaeyaZatuhñwgÉg . PUt KWZatuTaMgLay manvikar;eRcIn y¨agenH eRBaHehtuenaH eTIb eQμaHza mhaPUt . BIrbTza ²mhtþa PUttþa c³ esckþIza PUtKWZatuTaMgLay enaH eQμaHza Carbs´ZM eRBaHPav;énPUtTaMgenaH CaPUtKWbuK<lEz rkSa edayesckþIBüayamd*ZM eQμaHza PUt ‘rbs´Bit’ eRBaHPav; eRBaHehtudUecñaH

PUtKWZatuTaMgenaH

eQμaHza mhaPUt eRBaHCarbs´ZMpg eRBaHCarbs´Bitpg . ZatuTaMgGs´hñwgÉg

eQμaHza

mhaPUt

Lay manPaBCaZM nig PaBR:kdCaedIm .

smaZinieTÞs

edayRbkardUecñHÉg

.

RBHeyaKI

Kb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþ

edayPaB

EdlepSgKña nig PaBEdlRtUvKña dUc:nBN(namkenHÉg .

EkbTvinieBÖaKavinieBÖaKeta ‘229’ bTza ²vinieBÖaKavinieBÖaKeta³ esckþIza ZatuTaMg enaH ekItRBmKñaEmnBit CaZatuEbkKñamin:n tamcMENk sUm|I kñúgklab‘:c´’mYy> mansuTÆdðklabCaedIm kñúgTIbMputénklab

EkbTmhtþa PUttþa c

énPUtTaMgenaHCarbs´manenA

320

edayehtuTaMg

TaMgBYg . bu¨Enþedaylk¡N; ZatuTaMgenaH EbkKña:n eRBaHehtu enaH RBHeyaKI Kb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþ edayPaBEjkKña:n nig PaB EjkKñamin:n dUc:neBalmkenHÉg .

EkbTsPaKvisPaKeta ‘230’ bTza ²sPaKvisPaKeta³ esckþIza bNþaZatu TaMg 4 enaH sUm|IEdlEjkBIKñamin:n y¨agenH Zatu 2 xag edIm mancMENkesμIKña eRBaHPav;énZatuTaMgenaHmanPaBZán´ç Zatu

EtZatuTaMgGs´enaH

2 xagcug k*y¨agenaHEdrKWmancMENkesμIKña eRBaHmanPaBRsal

eQμaHza Zatu eRBaHRTRTg´TuknUvlk¡N;rbs´xøÜn 1 eRBaHCaTItaMg

dUcKñaç bu¨EnþZatu 2 xagedIm mancMENkminesμIKñaedayZatu 2

énesckþITuk¡

eRBaHminknøgnUv

xag cug nig Zatu 2 xagcug mancMENkminesμIKña edayZatu 2

lk¡N;énZatu . eQμaHza Zm( eRBaHRTRTg´TuknUvlk¡N;rbs´

xagedIm eRBaHehtuenaH RBHeyaKIKb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþ edayPaBEdl

xøÜnpg eRBaHRTRTg´tamsmKYrdl´xN;rbs´xøÜnpg . eQμaHza

mancMENkesμIKña nig minesμIKña dUc:neBalmkenHÉg .

1

eRBaHbgØÚrmknUvesckþITuk¡

1

mineT[g eRBaHesckþIza Gs´eTAç eQμaHza CaTuk¡ eRBaHesckþIza

EkbTGCÄtiþkBahirviesseta

RbkbedayP&y eQμaHza minEmnxøÜn eRBaHesckþIza minmanxøwm

bTza ²GCÄtþikBahirviesseta³ esckþIza ZatuTaMgLay

sar . PaBénZatuTaMgBYg CaZatumanesckþIEtmYy edayGMNac

Caxagkñúg CaTIGaRs&y énviJ¦aNvtæú viJ¦tþi nig «®nÞIy¾TaMgLay

Pav;CarUb CamhaPUt CaZatu CaZm(

Rbkbeday«riyabz mansmudðan 4ç cMENkÉZatuTaMgLayxag

nig

Carbs´mineT[gCaedIm


visuTÆimK< ERb eRkA

321

manRbkarpÞúyepSgKñanwgZatuEdlelakeBalehIy

322

EkbTGsmnñahareta

eRBaH

bTza ²Gsmnñahareta³ esckþIza k*bNþaZatuTaMgbYnnu@H

ehtuenaH RBHeyaKI Kb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþ edayPaBEbøkKñaénZatuxag kñúg nig ZatuxageRkA dUc:neBalmkenHÉg .

EkbTsg<heta ‘231’ bTza ²sg<heta³ esckþIza RBHeyaKIKb|IeZVITuk

smaZinieTÞs

bfvIZatu mindwgza ²GjCabfvIZatu³ dUecñHpg za ²GjCaTIBwg énmhaPUtTaMgbI Cabc©&y‘énmhaPUtTaMgbI’³ dUecñHpgç sUm|Imha PUtTaMgbIeRkAenH k*mindwgza ²bfvIZatu CaTIBwg Cabc©&yéneyIg

kñúgcitþ edaykarse®g<aH y¨agenHza ²bfvIZatu mankmμCasmudðan

TaMgLay³ dUecñHEdrç n&ykñúgZatuTaMgBYg k*dUcn&yenHÉg eRBaH

se®g<aHcUlCamYyKña edayZatuTaMgLayeRkAenH EdlmankmμCa

ehtuenaH RBHeyaKI Kb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþ edayPaBEdlmindwgnUvKña

smudðan eRBaHminmanPaBepSg> Kña énsmudðanç bfvIZatu Edl

nwgKña

mancitþCaedImCasmudðan

k*y¨agenaHEdr

KWse®g<aHcUlCamYyKña

edayZatuTaMgLay EdlmancitþCaedImCasmudðan³ .

EkbTbc©yeta bTza ²bc©yeta³ esckþIza bfvIZatu RtUvGae:ZatubMrug Tuk RtUveteCaZatu EzrkSaTuk RtUvvaeyaZatu bk´pÞb´Tuk Cabc©&y CaTIBwgEpÁk énmhaPUtTaMgLaybIç Gae:Zatu RtUvbfvIZatutMkl´Tuk RtUveteCaZatutamrkSaTuk RtUvvaeyaZatubk´pÞb´Tuk Cabc©&yeRK]gRCabesIménmhaPUtTaMgbIç eteCaZatu RtUvbfvIZatutMkl´Tuk RtUvGae:Zatuse®g<aHTuk RtUvvaeyaZatubk´pÞb´Tuk Cabc©&yeRK]gcMGinTuk énmhaPUtTaMgbIç vaeyaZatu

RtUvbfvIZatutMkl´Tuk

RtUvGae:Zatuse®g<aH

RtUveteCaZatucMGinTuk Cabc©&yCaeRK]gbk´pÞb´ énmhaPUtTaMgbIç eRBaHehtuenaH

RBHeyaKI Kb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþ edaybc©&y

dUc:nBN(namky¨agenHÉg .

dUc:neBalmkenHÉg .

EkbTbc©yviPaKeta bTza ²bc©yviPaKeta³ esckþIza k*bc©&y rbs´ZatuTaMg bYn KWkmμ citþ Gahar nig rdUv . bNþaZatuTaMgenaH kmμEtmüa¨g Cabc©&yénZatuTaMgLayEdlmankmμCasmudðanç sPav;TaMgLay mancitþCaedIm minEmnCabc©&yeT . sPav;TaMgLay mancitþCa edIm Cabc©&yénZatuTaMgLayEdlmancitþCaedImCasmudðanhñwgÉg sPav;eRkABIenH minEmnCabc©&yeT . mYyeT[t kmμ Cabc©&yCaehtuoekIt ‘Cnkbc©&y’ énZatu TaMgLayEdlmankmμCasmudðan

Cabc©&yEdlcUleTAGaRs&y

‘óbnisSybc©&y’ énZatuTaMgLayd*ess edaybriyay . citþ Cabc©&yCaehtuoekIt énZatuTaMgLayEdlmancitþCa smudðan CabcäaCatb|c©&y ‘bc©&yEdlekIteRkay’

CaGtæib|c©&y

‘bc©&yEdlman’ nigCaGviKtb|c©&y‘bc©&yEdlmineTAR:sBIKña’ énZatuTaMgLayd*ess .


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Gahar CaCnkb|c©&y ‘bc©&yCaehtuoekIt’ énZatuTaMg

324

smaZinieTÞs

nisSyb|c©&y

Gtæib|c©&y

nig

GviKtb|c©&ypg

edayGMNac

LayEdlmanGaharCasmudðanç CaGaharb|c©&y ‘bc©&yCaeRK]g

énTItaMgpgç minEmnCabc©&y edayGMNacénCnkb|c©&yeTç Ca

naMmknUvpl’ CaGtæib|c©&y nig CaGviKtb|c©&y énZatuTaMgLay

bc©&yénmhaPUtEdlmansnþtibI eRkAenH ‘KWmhaPUtEdlmancitþ

d*ess .

Gahar nig rdUvCasmudðan’ edayGMNacénnisSyb|c©&y Gtæi-

rdUv smudðanç

CaótuCnkb|c©&y CaGtæib|c©&y

nig

énZatuTaMgLay CaGviKtb|c©&y

EdlmanrdUvCa énZatuTaMgLay

b|c©&y nig GviKtb|c©&yç minEmnCabc©&y edayGMNacénTItaMg minEmnCabc©&y edayGMNacénCnkb|c©&yeT .

d*ess . mhaPUt

mYyeT[t EdlmankmμCasmudðan

Cabc©&yénmhaPUtTaMg

bNþamhaPUtEdlmankmμCasmudðanTaMgenaH

Gae:Zatu Cabc©&yénZatuTaMgLaybI eRkABIenH edayGMNacén

Lay EdlmankmμCasmudðanpg Cabc©&yénZatuTaMgLay Edl

shCatb|c©&yCaedImpg

edayGMNacénkiriyasÞHTukpgç min

mancitþCaedImCasmudðanpgç

EmnCabc©&yedayGMNacénCnkb|c©&yeTç Cabc©&yedayGMNac

mYyeT[t mhaPUtEdlmancitþCasmudðan Cabc©&yénmha

énnisSyb|c©&y Gtæib|c©&y nig GviKtb|c©&y énmhaPUtEdl

PUtTaMgLay EdlmancitþCasmudðanpg Cabc©&yénZatuTaMgLay

mansnþtibIeRkAenHdUcKñaç minEmnCabc©&y edayGMNacénkarsÞH

EdlmankmμCaedImCasmudðanpg .

Tuk minEmnedayGMNacénCnkb|c©&yeT .

mhaPUt

EdlmanGaharCasmudðan

Cabc©&yénmhaPUt

mYyeT[t

bNþamhaPUtEdlmankmμCasmudðanTaMgenaH

TaMgLay EdlmanGaharCasmudðanpg Cabc©&yénZatuTaMgLay

eteCaZatu Cabc©&yénZatuTaMgLaybI eRkABIenH edayGMNacén

EdlmankmμCaedImCasmudðanpg .

shCatb|c©&yCaedImpg edayGMNacénkiriyaGb´kMedApgç min

mhaPUt Lay

EdlmanrdUvCasmudðan

EdlmanrdUvCasmudðanpg

Cabc©&yénmhaPUtTaMg

Cabc©&yénZatuTaMgLayEdl

EdlmankmμCasmudðanTaMgenaH

bfvIZatu

EdlmankmμCasmudðan Cabc©&yénZatuTaMgLayeRkAenH Edlman kmμCasmudðan

EdlmansnþtibIeRkAenH nig

mankmμCaedImCasmudðanpg . bNþamhaPUt

EmnedayGMNacénCnkb|c©&yeTç Cabc©&y énmhaPUtTaMgLay

edayGMNac énshCatb|c©&y GJ¦mJ¦b|c©&y

GviKtb|c©&ydUcKñaç

edayGMNacnisSyb|c©&y minEmnCabc©&y

Gtæib|c©&y

edayGMNacénkiriya

Gb´kMedA minEmnCabc©&y edayGMNacénCnkb|c©&yeT . mYyeT[t

bNþamhaPUtEdlmankmμCasmudðanTaMgenaH

vaeyaZatu Cabc©&y énZatuTaMgLaybIeRkABIenH edayGMNac én


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326

smaZinieTÞs

shCatb|c©&yCaedImpg edayGMNacénkiriyae:kbk´pgç min

ZatuTIbI GaRs&ynUvZatuTIBIr nig ZatuTIbYnç ZatuTIBIr nig ZatuTIbI

EmnedayGMNacénCnkb|c©&yeTç

GaRs&ynUvZatuTImYy nig ZatuTIbYnç ÉZatuTImYy nig ZatuTIbYn

Edlmansnþti

3

eRkAGMBIenH

Cabc©&yénmhaPUtTaMgLay edayGMNacénnisSyb|c©&yç

Gtæib|c©&y nig GviKtb|c©&ydUcKñaç minEmnedayGMNacénkiriya e:kbk´ minEmnedayGMNacénCnkb|c©&yeT .

nig rdUv CasmudðanCaedIm k*n&yenHEdr .

dUceBalmkenH

ZatuTaMgLay

bI GaRs&ynUvZatumYy rEmgERbRbYledaycMENkbYnç ÉZatumYy rEmgERbRbYl

bfvIZatuenaHÉg KWGae:ZatuRCYtRCabeTAehIy Cabc©&yénkiriya júaMgkayotaMgenAç ÉGae:ZatuKWbfvIZatueTAtamehIy Cabc©&y

k*É bNþaZatuTaMgLayenaH EdlRbRBwtþeTA edayGMNac

GaRs&ynUvZatuTaMgLaybI

bNþaZatuTaMgenaH bfvIZatu Cabc©&yénkareb[teb[n kñúg kalénkic©mankarQaneTAmux nig karQanzyeRkayCaedIm .

n&y sUm|IkñúgmhaPUt manbfvIZatu Edlmancitþ Gahar

bc©&ymanshCatb|c©&yCaedIm

GaRs&yZatuTIBIr nig ZatuTIbI³ rEmg:neTACacMENkR:MmYy .

edaycMENkbYnEdrç

énkarminx©at´x©ayç vaeyaZatu KWvaeyaZatueTAtamehIy Cabc©&y énkarlan´»eLIgç vaeyaZatu KWeteCaZatueTAtamehIy Cabc©&y énkarQanknøg nig karQanzyeRkay y¨agdUecñHÉg . RBHeyaKIKb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþ edaykarEjkbc©&y y¨agenHÉg .

‘ZatuvvdðaneZVIosMercóbcarsmaZi’

ZatuTaMgLayBIr GaRs&ynUvZatuBIr rEmg:neTACaR:MmYy . EmnBit bNþaZatuTaMgLay manbfvIZatuCaedIm ZatuTaMg

EmnBit kalRBHeyaKI eZVITukkñúgcitþ edayGMNacénehtu

Lay 3 GaRs&ynUvZatu 1 y¨agenH KW; ²ZatuTaMgLaybI> eRkA

manesckþIénBaküCaedIm y¨agdUecñHç ZatuTaMgLay rEmgR:kd

enH GaRs&yehIynUvZatumYy>³ rEmgERbRbYledaycMENk 4 .

tammuxmYy> . kalRBHeyaKI nwkrMBwg eZVITukkñúgcitþnUvZatuTaMg

y¨agdUcKñaenaHEdr

Zatu

enaH er]y>ç óbcarsmaZi rEmgekIteLIg tamn&yEdlelak

mYy GaRs&ynUvZatuTaMgLaybI y¨agenHKW ²ZatumYy GaRs&ynUv

eBalehIyenaHÉg . óbcarsmaZienHenaH rEmgdl´nUvkarrab´za

ZatuTaMgLaybIeRkAenH³ rEmgERbRbYledaycMENk 4 . bu¨Enþ

²ctuZatuvvdðan³

ZatuTaMgLayBIr GaRs&ynUvZatuTaMgLayBIr y¨agenHKW ²ZatuTaMg

énjaNEdlRBHeyaKIkMNt´nUvZatuTaMg 4 .

bNþaZatuTaMgLaymanbfvIZatuCaedIm

nig

GaRs&ynUvZatuTaMgLayBIrxagcugç

ZatuTIbYn GaRs&ynUvZatuTImYy nig ZatuTIbIç

ZatuTIBIr

ZatuTImYy nig

eRBaHkarekIteLIg

edayGanuPaB

‘GanisgSénZatuvvdðan’

LayBIrxagcug GaRs&ynUvZatuTaMgLayBIrxagedIm nig ZatuTaMg LayBIrxagedIm

dUecñHEmnBit

cMENkÉ Pikú¡GñkRbkber]y> nUvctuZatuvvdðanenH Kg´cUl dl´suJ¦ta

‘PaBsUnücakxøÜnR:N’ rEmgdkecjnUvstþsJ¦a


visuTÆimK< ERb

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328

smaZinieTÞs

‘karsm<al´zaCastVCabuK<l’ :n . Pikú¡enaH eRBaHxøÜndkeLIg

TaMg

10

stþsJ¦a:nehIy mindl´nUvkarrnÆt´eRBaHP&y manP&yGMBIRmwK

óbcarsmaZiç

sahav yk¡ nig GarkSTwkCaedIm CaGñkGt´sg,t´:nnUvP&yd*

TaMgLay eQμaHza Gb|nasmaZi . smaZi TaMg 2 y¨agenaH

Bnøwk CaGñkGt´sg,t´kúñgesamnsS nig eTamnsS:n mindl´nUv

eQμaHza CaZm(KWRBHeyaKI:ncMerInehIy eRBaHkmμdðanTaMgenaH KW

kars\b´s\l´ nig karTg<wHcitþ kñúg«dðarmμN¾ nig GnidðarmμN¾TaMg

elak:ncMerInehIy . eRBaHehtudUecñaH x\MúeBalehIyza ²kar

Lay . mYyeT[t Pikú¡enaH CaGñkmanR:C\aeRcIn CaGñkmanRBH

BN(nanUvesckþI énbTenH za smaZi etIRtUvcMerIn y¨agdUcemþc/

niBVaneQμaHGmt;CaTIbMput ß ebImindUecñaHeT CaGñkmansuKtiCaTI

cb´sBVRKb´ehIy edayRbkarTaMgBYg³ dUecñHÉg .

RbRBwtþeTA kñúgkalxagmux edayRbkardUecñH .

GñkmanR:C\a Kb|IesBKb´ oCab´Canic© nUvZatuvvdðan enH EdlmanGanuPaBeRcIn y¨agenH EdlRBHeyaKId* RbesIr dUcCasIh; Zøab´Rbsb´mkehIy . enHKWCaPavnanieTÞs énctuZatuvvdðan .

srubsmaZinieTÞs ‘233’ cMENkÉ bJØakmμÉNa Edlx\MúeZVIehIyedayn&y mann&yCaedImza ²GVI eQμaHza smaZi /

EdleQμaHza smaZi

edayGtæzadUcemþc/ ³ dUecñH edIm|IsMEdgesckþIBisþar nign&yén karcMerInsmaZiç kñúgbJØakmμenaH GdðkzaCaeRK]gBN(nanUvesckþI

nig

kñúgcitþEdlCacMENkxagedIménGb|na PaBéncitþmanGarmμN¾EtmYy

eQμaHza

kñúgkmμdðand*ess

‘GanisgSénkarcMerInsmaZi’ k*BaküÉNaEdlx\úMeBalehIy za ²GVICaGanisgS énkar

cMerInsmaZi/³ dUecñHç kñúgBaküenaH manesckþIeqøIyza GanisgS énkarcMerInsmaZi man 5 Rbkar mankarrs´enACasux kñúgbc©úb|nñ CaedIm .

‘mankarenACasuxkñúgbc©úb|nñCaGanisgS’ BitdUecñaHEmn Pikú¡TaMgLayNa CaRBHGrhnþ manGasv; Gs´ehIy cMerInnUvsmaZi edaytaMgcitþza ²eyIgnwgcUlsmabtþi mancitþmanGarmμN¾EtmYy nwgenACasuxRsYl Gs´mYyézá³ dUecñH karcMerInnUvGb|nasmaZi rbs´Pikú¡CaRBHGrhnþTaMgenaH eQμaHza

énbTenHza ² etIsmaZi Kb|IcMerIn y¨agdUcemþc/ ³ dUecñH :ncb´

mankarrs´enACasuxRsYl kñúgbc©úb|nñ CaGanisgS . eRBaHehtu

ehIy edayRbkarTaMgBYg edayehtumanRbmaNbu¨eNÑHÉg .

enaH :nCaRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´za ²mñalcunÞ; EttzaKt min

smaZienHenaH man 2 y¨agbu¨eNÑaH Edl:nGZib|ay ehIy kúñgTIenH KW; óbcarsmaZi 1 Gb|nasmaZi 1 . bNþa smaZi TaMg 2 y¨agenaH PaBéncitþmanGarmμN¾EtmYy kñúgkmμdðan

Tan´oeQμaHZm(TaMgnu@Hza CaesckþIpUrpg´ kñúgGriyvin&yeT RKan´ EtoeQμaHZm(TaMgnu@Hza

CakarenAsb|aykñúgbc©úb|nñ

vin&yEtbu¨eNÑaH³ dUecñHCaedIm .

kñúgGriy-


visuTÆimK< ERb

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‘manvibsSna CaGanisgS’

330

smaZinieTÞs

edayR:C\a ‘1’ ³ dUecñHCaedIm .

‘manPBviessCaGanisgS’

TaMgkarcMerInnUvGb|nasmaZi TaMgkarcMerInnUvóbcarsmaZi edayn&yénkar:nnUvOkaskñúgTIcegÁ{t rbs´RBHesk¡;nigbuzuC¢n

Pikú¡ CabuzuC¢nTaMgLayNa> manQanminsabsUnüehIy

TaMgLayGñkcMerIn edaymanbMNgza ²eyIgTaMgLay ecjGMBI

kalR:zña nUvkiriyaekItkñúgRBhμelakza ²eyIgnwgekIt kñúgRBhμ

smabtþiehIynwgeZVIvibsSna edaymancitþEdltMkl´enAmaM³ dUecñH

elak³

eQμaHza manvibsSnaCaGanisgS eRBaHsmaZienaHCabTdðan én

karcMerInnUvGb|nasmaZi rbs´Pikú¡CabuzuC¢nTaMgLayenaH eQμaHza

vibsSna . eRBaHehtuenaH :nCaRBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´za

manPBviessCaGanisgS eRBaHsmaZienaH CaKuNnaMmknUvPBd*

²mñalPikú¡TaMgLay GñkTaMgLay cUrcMerInnUvsmaZiç mñalPikú¡TaMg

viess . eRBaHehtuenaH :nCaRBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´za ²cuH

Lay Pikú¡ mancitþtMkl´maMehIy rEmgdwgc|as´ tamesckþI ‘1’

buK<lTaMgLay cMerInbfmCÄan y¨agOnzy etIekItkñúgPBNaç

Bit³ dUecñHCaedIm .

rEmgeTAekItCamYynwgBYkeTvta Can´RBhμ:risC¢a ‘2’ ³ dUecñHCa

‘manGPiJ¦aCaGanisgS’

dUecñHkþI

kalminR:zñakþI

rEmgminsabsUnücaksmaZiç

edIm . cMENkkarcMerInGb|nasmaZi rEmgnaMmknUvPBd*viess

cMENk Pikú¡TaMgLayNa júaMgsmabtþi 8 oekItehIy cUlQanmanGPiJ¦aCaTItaMg ecjBIsmabtþiehIyR:zñaeZVIGPiJ¦a TaMgLay Edlmann&ydUcelakeBalehIyza ²mnusSmñak´eZVI o

KWsuKti Can´kamavcr 6 Can´ dUcKñaEdr .

‘mannieraZCaGanisgS’ cMENkÉRBHGriyTaMgLayNa júaMgsmabtþiTaMgLay 8

eTACamnusSeRcInnak´k*:n ‘2’ ³ dUecñHCaedIm oekIteLIg:n .

oekIteLIg ehIycUlnieraZsmabtþi cMerInsmaZi edayKit za

karcMerInGb|nasmaZi rbs´Pikú¡TaMgLayenaH eQμaHzamanGPiJ¦a

²eyIgTaMgLay CaGñkminmancitþ dl´nUvnieraZniBVan enACasux

CaGanisgS eRBaHsmaZienaH kalebIehtu ‘Edlnwgo:n nUv

kñúgbc©úb|nñ Gs´ézáTaMgLay 7 ³ dUecñHç

GPiJ¦a’ manRBm CabTdðanénGPiJ¦a:n .

RBH

rbs´RBHGriy;TaMgLayenaH eQμaHza mannieraZ CaGanisgS .

manRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´za ²mYyeT[t Pikú¡enaH begÁancitþeTA edIm|I

eRBaHehtuenaH :nCaRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´za ²R:C\a kñúgkar

Zm(EdlRtUveZIVoCak´c|as´

cMerIny¨agsÞat´ edayjaNcriya 16 nig edaysmaZicriya 9

rEmgdl´ nUvPaBKYrCabnÞal´

eRBaHehtuenaH

edayR:C\aNa>ç

kalebIehtumanç

kñúgZm(enaH> eRBaHeZVIoCak´c|as´

1- suÇ sMÇ xÇ PaKTI 20 TMB&rTI33 . 2- GMÇ qÇ PaKTI 46 TMB&rTI 3 .

karcMerInGb|nasmaZi

eQμaHza jaN kñúgnieraZsmabtþi³ dUecñHCaedIm . 1– suÇ GMÇ tiÇ PaKTI41 TMB&rTI 379 . 2- GPiÇ PaKTI82 TMB&rTI 333 .


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enHCaGanisgS énkarcMerInsmaZi 5 Rbkar mankiriyaenA CasuxRsYl kñúgbc©úb|nñCaedIm dUc:nBN(namkenHÉg .

eRBaHehtudUecñH bNÐitminKYrRbmaT kñúgkarRbkbnUv karcMerInsmaZi EdlmanGanisgSeRcInCaGenk Ca eRK]gCRmHnUvmnÞil KWkielseLIy . k*smaZi kñúgbkrN¾viess eQμaHvisuTÆimK< EdlRBHman RBHPaKRTg´sMEdgehIy edayZm(CaRbZan KW sIl smaZi nig bJ¦a

edayRBHKazaenH

dUecñHCaedIm

za

²sIel

KWx\úM:nGZib|aycb´ehIy

btidðay

nera

sbeJ¦a³

332

smaZinieTÞs nieTÞs TI 7 eQμaH qanusStinieTÞsç nieTÞs TI 8 eQμaH essanusStinieTÞsç nieTÞs TI 9 eQμaH RBhμviharnieTÞsç nieTÞs TI 10

eQμaH Garub|nieTÞsç

nieTÞs 2 KW bdikUlsJ¦a nig Zatuvvdðan CanieTÞs TI 11 . x

x

x

edayesckþImanRbmaN 

bu¨eNÑHÉg . briecäT TI11 eQμaHsmaZinieTÞs kñúgbkrN¾viess eQμaHvisuTÆimK< Edlx\úMer[ber[gehIy edIm|IRbeyaCn¾ dl´kiriyajúaMgsaZuCn orIkrayTYeTA cb´CasMercehIy edayGm|a¨lenHÉgehag . x

x

x

‘bTsrubnieTÞsEdl:neBalmkehIy’ nieTÞs TI 1 eQμaH sIlnieTÞsç nieTÞs TI 2 eQμaH Zutg<nieTÞsç nieTÞs TI 3 eQμaH kmμdðanK<hNnieTÞsç nieTÞs TI 4 eQμaH bfvIksiNnieTÞsç nieTÞs TI 5 eQμaH essk,siNnieTÞsç nieTÞs TI 6 eQμaH GsuPnieTÞsç

         


visuTÆimK< ERb

333

«TÆiviZnieTÞs

334

«TÆiviZnieTÞs

citþtMkl´enAmaM brisuTÆ pUrpg´ minmanTITYlKWkiels R:scak

‘234’ «LÚvenH karcMerInsmaZienH KWx\úM:neBalehIyza

óbk,iels Cacitþd*Tn´Pøn´ smKYrdl´kargar fitenA dl´nUvPaB

²manGPiJ¦aCaGanisgS³ edayGMNacénelakiyGPiJ¦aTaMgLay

minrMeCIbrMCYy y¨agdUecñHehIyç rEmgnaMcitþcUleTA begÁancitþcUl

ÉNaç RBHeyaKIGñk:nsMercctutæCÄan kñúgksiNTaMgLayman

eTA

bfvIksiNCaedImehIy Kb|IeZVIesckþIBüayam edIm|IjúaMgGPiJ¦a

eRcInRbkar KWmnusSmñak´ oeTACaeRcInnak´k*:n ‘1’ ³dUecñHCaedIm

TaMgLayenaH odl´RBmç eRBaHza kalebIeZVI:n y¨agdUecñaHç karcMerInnUvsmaZienaH

rbs´RBHeyaKIenaH

nwgCasmaZiEdlman

GanisgS KWxøÜn:nehIypg nwgCasmaZi d*x¢ab´x¢ÜnCagpgç RBH eyaKIenaH CaGñkRbkbRBmehIy edaysmaZiPavna d*x¢ab´x¢ÜnCag EdlmanGanisgS KWxøÜn:nsMercehIy nwgjúaMgkarcMerInnUvbJ¦a odl´RBm

edayRsYlEmnBit

eRBaHehtuNaç

eRBaHehtuenaH

eyIgTaMgLay nwgR:rBÆ nUvGPiJ¦akza Camun . ‘elakiyGPiJ¦a 5’ k*elakiyGPiJ¦aTaMgLay 5 KW ; 1- «TÆiviZ

sMEdgb\TÆiepSg> :nç

2- TiBVesatZatujaN

R:C\aGacsþab´dwg:n nUvsMeLg

rbs´mnusS nig eTvta edayesatZatuEdlCaTiBVç 3- ecetabriyJ¦aN R:C\aGackMNt´dwgTwkcitþGñkdéT:nç 4- bueBVnivasanusStiJ¦aN

R:C\aGacrB\kCatimun:nç

5- stþanM cutUb:tJ¦aN R:C\aGacdwg:n nUvkarcuti nig bdisnÆi rbs´stVTaMgLay KWRBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ehIy edayn&yza ²Pikú¡enaH kalebI

tamEbbénb\TiÆç

RBHeyaKIenaH

:nnUvkartak´Etgb\TÆi:nCa

edIm|IRTg´sMEdg nUvGanisgSénkarcMerInsmaZipg edIm|IRTg´sMEdg nUvZm(d*RbNIt elIslb´éRkElgpg dl´BYkkulbuRtTaMgLay Edl:nsMercsmaZi kñúgctutæCÄanehIy .

‘viZIGb´rMcitþ’ bNþaelakiyGPiJ¦aTaMg 5 enaH RBHeyaKI GñkeZVICadMbUg manbMNgedIm|IeZVInUvkareZVInUvb\TÆiepSg> manCaedImza ²mnusSEt mñak´Ég eZVIoeTACamnusSeRcInnak´:n³ dUecñH Kb|IjúaMgsmabtþi TaMgLay 8 > kñúgksiNTaMgLay 8

manOTatk,siN CaTIbM

put oekIteLIg ehIyGb´rMcitþ edayGakar;TaMgLay 14 enH KW

ksiNanuelameta

edaykarcUlkan´QanbeNþayeTA

tamlMdab´énksiNç

ksiNb|dielameta

edaykarcUlkan´QansaRcas

eLIgmkvij tamlMdab´énksiNç

ksiNanuelamb|dielameta

edaykarcUlkan´Q an

beNþayeTAtamlMdab´énksiN nig cUlkan´QansaRcaseLIg mkvij tamlMdab´énksiNç 1- suÇ TIÇ sIÇ

PaKTI 15

TMB&rTI 203 .


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335

edaykarcUlkan´Qan beNþayeTA

336

smaZinieTÞs cMENkkarcUl tamlMdab´énkarRcas dUcKñaenaHEdr cab´

epþImGMBIOTatk,siNmk eQμaHza karcUlbRJ©asksiN .

tamlMdab´énQanç

Qanb|dielameta

edaykarcUlkan´QanRcasmkvijç

Qananu e lamb|di e lameta

edaykarcU l kan´ Q an

‘karcUledayGnuelamnigbdielaménksiN’ karcUlQaner]y> edayGMNacGnuelam nig bdielam y¨agenH KW ; cab´epþImGMBIbfvIksiNmk rhUtdl´OTatk,siN

beNþayeTAtamlMdab´énQan ehIysaRcaseLIgmkvijç

Qananuk,nþketa

edaykarcUlepøaHrMlgQanç

cab´epþImGMBIOTatk,siN rhUtdl´bfvIksiN eQμaHza karcUl

ksiNuk,nþketa

edaykarcUlepøaHrMlgksiNç

edayGnuelam nig bdielam tamlMdab´énksiN .

Qank,siNuk,nþketa

edaykarcUlepøaHrMlgTaMgQan

TaMgksiNç

Gg<sg,nþieta

edaykarRbRBwtþiknøgnUvGg<ç

GarmμNsg,nþieta

edaykarRbRBwtþiknøgnUvGarmμN¾ç

énQan .

edaykarkMNt´nUvGg<ç

²k*kñúgGakar;TaMgnu@H

dUcemþc / .l.

karGnuelamtamksiN

etI

karkMNt´nUvGarmμN¾ etIy¨agdUcemþc / ³ .

‘cUltamlMdab´ksiN’ eqøIyza ; Pikú¡ kñúgsasnaenH cUlQanGs´var; 100dg xøH Gs´var; 1ç000dgxøH kñúgksiNTaMgLay 8 edaylMdab´ y¨agenHKW ²cUlQankñúgbfvIksiN bnÞab´mk kñúgGae:ksiN³ dUecñHç karcUlQanenH eQμaHza GnuelamtamksiN .

‘cUlbRJ©asksiN’

‘karcUlRcasQan’ karcUlQaner]y>

cab´epþImGMBIenvsJ¦anasJ¦aytn;

rhUtdl´bfmCÄan eQμaHza karcUlRcasQan .

GarmμNvvdðabneta edaykarkMNt´GarmμN¾ . sYrza

karcUlQaner]y> tamlMdab´ cab´epþImtaMgBIbfmCÄan mkrhUtdl´envsJ¦anasJ¦aytn; eQμaHza karcUltamlMdab´

Gg<armμNsg,nþieta edaykarRbRBwtþiknøgGg< nigGarmμN¾ç Gg<vvdðabneta

‘karcUltamlMdab´énQan’

‘karcUlQanTaMgtamlMdab´TaMgbRJ©as’ karcUlQaner]y> edayGMNackarcUltamlMdab´ nig bRJ©as y¨agenH KW; cab´epþImGMBIbfmCÄan rhUtdl´envsJ¦anasJ¦aytnCÄan nig

cab´epþImGMBIenvsJ¦anasJ¦aytnCÄan

eQμaHza karcUlQan tamlMdab´ nig bRJ©as .

‘karcUlepøaHrMlgQan’ ÉkarminrMlgnUvksiN EtrMlgnUvQan edayPaBRbkb edaycenøaHEtmYy y¨agdUecñH KW ; cUlbfmCÄan kñúgbfvIksiN


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338

«TÆiviZnieTÞs

ehIycUlnUvttiyCÄan kñúgbfvIksiNenaHEdr bnÞab´mk ebIknUv

karcUlkan´QanEtmYy kñúgksiNTaMgGs´ y¨agenH KW

bfvIksiNenaHvij ehIycUlGakasanJ©aytnCÄan bnÞab´mk

RBHeyaKI cUlbfmCÄan kñúgbfvIksiN rYccUlbfmCÄanenaHEdr

cUlGakiJ©J¦aytnCÄan dUecñH eQμaHza cUlrMlgnUvQan .

kñúgGae:ksiN .l. cUlbfmCÄanenaHvij kñúgOTatksiN

RBHeyaKI Kb|IeZVIkarRbkb EdlmanmUlénksiN man

dUecñH eQμaHza cUlRbRBwtþknøgnUvGarmμN¾ .

‘karRbRBwtþiknøgTaMgGg<TaMgGarmμN¾’

Gae:ksiNCaedIm y¨agdUecñH .

‘karcUlrMlgnUvksiN’

kiriyaknøgnUvGg<TaMgLay nig GarmμN¾TaMgLay eday

edayPaBRbkbeday

GMNacénPaBRbkb edaycenøaHEtmYy y¨agdUecñH KW RBHeyaKI

cenøaHEtmYy edayn&yenHza ²RBHeyaKI cUlbfmCÄan kñúgbfvI-

cUlbfmCÄan kñúgbfvIksiN ehIycUlTutiyCÄan kñúgGae:-

ksiN ehIycUlbfmCÄanenaHmþgeT[t kñúgeteCaksiN tmk

ksiN cUlkan´ttiyCÄan kñúgeteCaksiN ehIycUlctutæCÄan

kñúgnIlksiN bnþmkeT[t kñúgelahitksiN³ dUecñH eQμaHza

kñúgvaeyaksiN ebIkeLIgnUvnIlksiN ehIycUlkan´Gakasa-

karcUlrMlgksiN .

nJ©aytnCÄan

karminrMlgQan

EtrMlgksiN

‘karcUlrMlgTaMgQanTaMgksiN’ eyaKI cUlbfmCÄan kñúgbfvIksiN ehIy bnÞab´mk cUlnUv kñúgeteCaksiN

ehIyebIknUvnIlksiN

GMBIbItksiN

cUl

kan´GakiJ©J¦aytnCÄan GMBIelakhitksiN cUlkan´envsJ¦a

karrMlgnUvQanpg nUvksiNpg edayn&yenHza ²RBH

ttiyCÄan

cUlviJ¦aNJ©aytnCÄan

nasJ¦aytnCÄan GMBIOTatksiN dUecñH eQμaHza karRbRBwtþi knøgTaMgGg<TaMgGarmμN¾ .

‘karkMNt´Gg<Qan’

cUlnUv GMBI

ÉkarkMNt´RtwmEtGg<Qanbu¨eNÑaH y¨agenH KW; RBHeyaKI

elahitksiN³ dUecñH eQμaHza cUlrMlgTaMgQanTaMgksiN .

kMNt´za bfmCÄan manGg< 5 ehIykMNt´za TutiyCÄan man

‘karRbRBwtþiknøgnUvGg<’

Gg< 3 kMNt´za ttiyCÄan manGg< 2 ehIykMNt´za ctutæ-

GakasanJ©aytnCÄan

ehIycUlnUvGakiJ©J¦aytnCÄan

cMENkkarcUlbfmCÄan kñúgbfvIksiN ehIycUlQan TaMgLayeRkAGMBIenH kñúgbfvIksiNenaHdUcKñaEdr eQμaHza kar

CÄan GakasanJ©aytnCÄan .l. envsJ¦anasJ¦aytnCÄan k*manGg< 2 dUcKñaEdr dUecñH eQμaHza kMNt´nUvGg< .

‘karkMNt´GarmμN¾’

RbRBwtþiknøgnUvGg< .

‘karRbRBwtþiknøgnUvGarmμN¾’

mYyeT[t

karkMNt´RtwmEtGarmμN¾bu¨eNÑaH y¨agdUecñH

KW


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«TÆiviZnieTÞs

RBHeyaKI kMNt´za ²enH CabfvIksiN³ ehIykMNt´za ²enHCa

:nsMercGb|naehIy

Gae:ksiN³ .l. za ²enH CaOTatksiN³ dUecñH eQμaHza

kulbuRtEtmYyrUbbu¨eNÑaHeT eTIbGac ‘edIm|IGb´rMcitþ edayGakar;

karkMNt´nUvGarmμN¾ .

14 y¨ag:n’ . ZmμtakardMENgnUvb\TÆiepSg> KWCaPar; rbs´RBH

ÉGacarüBYkmYy cg´:nnUvkarkMNt´nUvGg< nig GarmμN¾ .

eyaKavcr

.

bNþakulbuRtmYyrykþI

Edl:nTUnμancitþ

edayGakar;

14

mYyBan´kþI

y¨ag

eRsc

bu¨EnþeRBaHkarkMNt´nUvGg<nigGarmμN¾enaH minmkehIy kñúgGdðkza

ehIy . bNþakulbuRtmYyrykþI mYyBan´kþI kulbuRtEtmYyrUb

TaMgLay eTIbkarkMNt´Gg< nig GarmμN¾enaH minEmnCaRbZan

bu¨eNÑaHeT eTIbGac ‘edIm|IdMENgb\TÆiepSg>:n’ . eQμaHza Pav;

énkarcMerIn edayBit .

énkarcUlkan´Qan :ny¨agqab´rh&s KWCaPar;énRBHeyaKavcr

‘kareZVIb\TiÆ CaPar;Zán´’

Edl:nsMerc nUvkardMENgb\TÆi .

BaküEdlza RBHeyaKavcrEdlCaGaTikmμik; min:nGb´rMcitþ edayGakar 14 y¨agenH dUc:neBalmkenH min:ncMerInPavna kñúgkalmunmk nwgjúaMgkareZVIb\TÆiepSg> osMerc:n enH minEmn CaehtuCaTItaMgeT .

eRBaHza karbrikmμksiNhñwgÉg KWCaPar;

bNþakulbuRtmYyrykþI mYy

Ban´kþI kulbuRtEtmYyrUbbu¨eNÑaHeT eQμaHza CaGñkcUlQan:n y¨agqab´rh&s . esckþIza kulbuRtmYyrUbenaH eRb[bdUcCaRBHrki¡tetær Gñk manvsSa

8

rab´BIóbsm|Tamk

kñúgbNþaPikú¡Gñkmanb\TÆi

man

Zán´ rbs´RBHeyaKavcr EdlCaGaTikmμik; . bNþakulbuRtmYy

cMnYn 30ç000 rUb Edlnimnþmkkan´Kilanubdðan rbs´RBHezr;

rykþI mYyBan´kþI kulbuRtEtmYyKt´ eTIbGac ‘edIm|Ibrikmμ:n’ .

eQμaHmhaerahNKutþetær kñúgvtþeQμaHezrmÖtæl; y¨agenaHÉg .

kareZVI ‘bdiPaK’ nimitþoekIteLIg CaPar;Zán´ rbs´RBHeyaKavcr

GanuPaB rbs´elak RtUvGdðkzacarüeBalehIy kñúgbfvIksiN-

Edl:neZIVksiNbrikmμehIy .

nieTÞsÉeNaH . k*RBHezr; eXIjGanuPaBenaH rbs´RBHrki¡tetær

bNþakulbuRtmYyrykþI mYy

Ban´kþI kulbuRtEtmYyrUbbu¨eNÑaHeT eTIbGac ‘edIm|IeZVInimitþoekIt

enaHehIyeBalza

eLIg:n’ .

kalebInimitþ ekIteLIgehIyç karjúaMgnimitþenaH o

manehIyç eyIgTaMgGs´Kña Kb|ICaGñkdl´nUvkartiHed[l za ²Pikú¡

cMerIneLIg rhUt:nsMercdl´Gb|na KWCaPar; ‘rbs´RBHeyaKa-

TaMgLay min:nGacehIy edIm|InwgrkSanUvnaKraC³ dUecñHç eRBaH

vcr’

kulbuRtEtmYyrUb

ehtuenaH eQμaHzaGavuZ KWGñkKb|Ikan´ykedayxøÜnÉg ehIyRtac´

karGb´rMcitþRKb´

eTAç karEdlGñkCMrHERcHoGs´sinehIy kan´ykeTA eTIbKYr³ .

.

bNþakulbuRtmYyrykþI

mYyBan´kþI

bu¨eNÑaHeT eTIbGac ‘edIm|IsMercdl´Gb|na’ . RKan´ edayGakar; 14 y¨ag

KWCaPar; rbs´RBHeyaKavcr Edl

²mñalGavuesa

Pikú¡ 30ç000 rUbenaH

RbsinebIRBHrki¡tetær

fitenAkñúgOvaT rbs´RBHezr;ehIy

nwgmin

k*:n


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«TÆiviZnieTÞs

CaGñkmankiriyacUlQan:nqab´rYsran´ . k*sUm|IkalebImankar

R:zñaedIm|IeZVInUvPaCn¾oEbøk eZVInUvdIsÁit oCadIKWxøÜnbMb¨nlÁehIy

cUlQan:nqab´rh&sç PaBCaTIBwg énbuK<ldéT KWCaPar; .

oTn´Bit ehIyeTIbeZVI dUecñaHÉg . EtRBHeyaKIGñkbribUreday

bNþakulbuRtmYyrykþI mYyBan´kþI kulbuRtEtmYybu¨eNÑaH eTIb

ehtuxagedIm

Gac ‘edIm|ICaTIBwgénGñkdéT:n’ . kulbuRtrUbenaH bIdUcCaRBH

RtwmEtctutæCÄan kñúgksiNTaMgLay k*KYredIm|IeZVI:n .

ezr; Gñk-kalebIePø{gCavikar;énregIkePøIgKWmaroRbRBwtþeTAehIy kñúgTIbUCaeQμaHKiriPNÐvahn; sagnUvEpndI BÆd*GakasehIy kar BarePø{gCavikar;énregIkePøIg:ny¨agenaHÉg . EtsMrab´buK<lviessTaMgLay GñkEdlmanesckþIBüayam CaeRK]gRbkbkñúgxagedIm d*mankmøaMg manRBHBuTÆ RBHbec©kBuTÆ nig RBHGK<sav&kCaedIm Etev[rcakPavnanuRkm KWkarGb´rMcitþtam lMdab´

manRbkardUc:neBalmkehIyenH

kardMENgnUvb\TÆienH

pg KuNTaMgLaydéT manbdismÖiTaCaedImpg rEmgsMerc:n edayGMNacénkiriya:ncMeBaHnUvRBHGrhtþEmnBit . eRBaHehtu dUecñaH RBHeyaKavcrEdlCaGaTikmμik; Kb|ITUnμancitþo:neRsc edayGakar;

14

y¨agenHehIy

edayGMNacénkarcUl

‘Qan’

eZVIcitþoTn´

oKYrdl´kargar

eZVIq&nÞ;oCaRbZan

eZVIcitþoCa

RbZan eZVIviriy;oCaRbZan nig eZVIvimMsaoCaRbZanpg eday

sUm|ImankarsÞat´CMnajRbRBwtþeTAehIy

kñúgKuN

‘viZIeZVIesckþIBüayam’ ‘235’ k*RBHeyaKI Kb|IeZVIesckþIBüayamCaeRK]gRbkb kñúg kareZVI«TÆiviZ; osMercnu@H edayviZINaç RBHmanRBHPaK kalRTg´ sMEdgnUvviZIenaH

²esa ÉvM smahiet cietþ

eTIbRTg´Rtas´za

RBHeyaKIenaH kalebIcitþtaMgenAs)b´ehIy³ dUecñHCaedIm . enHKWCaBaküvinicä&y

tamlMGanénn&y:lI kñúg«TÆiviZJ¦aN

enaHhñwgÉg . bNþabTTaMgenaH bTza ²esa³ :ndl´RBHeyaKI Gñk:nsMercctutæCÄanehIyenaH .

Baküza ²ÉvM³ enH CaBakü

sMEdgecjnUvlMdab´énctutæCÄan . manBaküGZib|ayza; :n cMeBaHnUvctutæCÄan

tamlMdab´énkar:nsMerc

cab´edImtaMgGMBI

kar:nnUvbfmCÄanmkenH . bTza ²smahiet³ KWtaMgenAs)b´ ehIy

edayctutæCÄansmaZienH

.

bTza

²cietþ³ sMedAyk

rU:vcrcitþ .

ehIyKb|IeZVI

cMENkkñúgbTTaMgLayd*ess manbTza ²brisueTƳ dUecñH

esckþIBüayamCaeRK]gRbkb edIm|I«TÆiviZJ¦aNcuH eRb[bbIdUcCa

CaedIm manvinicä&ydUcteTAenH . ‘citþ’ eQμaHza brisuTÆehIy

CagmasGñkR:zñaedIm|IeZVInUveRK]gRbdab´oEbøk eZVImasoTn´ o

eRBaHPav;KWesckþIbrisuTiÆénsti edayGMNacénóebk¡a . k*eRBaH

KYrdl´kargarBit edayviZITaMgLay mankarpøMúePIøgCaedIm ehIy

citþbrisuTÆhñwgÉg eTIbeQμaHza pUrpg´ GZib|ayza CaEdnpSay

eTIbeZVI y¨agdUecñaHÉgç mYyeT[t eRb[bbIdUcCanaysμÚnqñaMg Gñk

ecjénrsμI .

GMNac

‘eZVIo’

CavsI

manGavC¢nvsICaedImpg

eQμaHza

minmanTITYl KWkiels eRBaHPav;énTI


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«TÆiviZnieTÞs

TYlKWkiels manraK;CaedIm bnSat´bg´ehIy edaykiriyasmøab´

mansTÆaCaedIm hYgEhgrkSaehIy . EmnBit citþEdlsTÆarkSa

nUvbc©&yTaMgLaymansuxCaedIm . eQμaHza manóbki,els eTA

ehIy rEmgminjab´j&r edayPaBminmansTÆaç citþ Edlviriy;

R:sehIy eRBaHPav;énTITYlKWkielsminmanhñwgÉg . EmnBit

rkSaehIy rEmgminjab´j&r edayPaBx¢ilRcGUsç citþEdlsti

citþ rEmgesAhμg edayTITYlKWkiels . eQμaHza CacitþTn´

rkSaehIy rEmgminjab´j&r edayesckþIRbmaTç citþEdlsmaZi

eRBaHPav;Cacitþ EdlRBHeyaKI:nGb´rMlÁehIy GZib|ayza Ca

rkSaehIy rEmgminjab´j&redayesckþIraymayç citþEdlbJ¦a

citþdl´ehIynUvkarsÞat´CMnaj . eRBaHcitþRbRBwtþeTA kñúgGMNac

rkSaehIy rEmgminjab´j&r edayGviC¢aç citþEdldl´ehIy nUv

eTIbehAza citþTn´ . eRBaHPav;éncitþTn´hñwgÉg eTIbeQμaHza KYr

BnøÅ rEmgminjab´j&r edayPaBggwtKWkiels . citþEdlZm(TaMg

dl´kargar GZib|ayza

.

6 enH rkSaehIy Cacitþdl´nUvPaBminjab´j&r . citþEdldl´

BitEmn citþTn´ CacitþKYrdl´kargar eRb[bbIdUcCamas EdlCag

RBmehIyedayGg< 8 dUceBalmkenH eTIbCacitþKYrdl´GPinIhar

BRgab:nlÁehIy y¨agenaHÉg . k*citþTn´ nig citþKYrdl´kargar

edIm|IkiriyaeZVIoCak´c|as´ edaykarRtas´dwgd*éRkElg nUvZm(TaMg

TaMgBIrenaHÉg ekItman k*eRBaHPav;éncitþEdlRBHeyaKI Gb´rMlÁ

Lay EdlbuK<lKb|IeZVIoCak´c|as´ edayR:C\ad*éRkElg .

Gt´Zn´dl´kargar

Rbkbkñúgkargar

ehIyhñwgÉg . smdUcRBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´za ²mñalPikú¡

Kb|IRCabn&ymYyeT[t . eQμaHza fitenAs)b´ehIy eRBaH

TaMgLay tzaKt rMBwgrkmineXIjnUvsPav;déT sUm|IIEtsPav;

smaZikñúgctutæCÄanç eQμaHza brisuTÆ eRBaHCacitþfitenAqáayGMBI

mYy

CasPav;Tn´pg

nIvrN;ç eQμaHza pUrpg´ eRBaHRbRBwtþknøgnUvGg<manvitk,;CaedImç

KYrdl´kargarpg dUcCacitþenHesaHeLIy ‘1’ ³ dUecñHCaedIm .

eQμaHza minmanTITYl eRBaHminmanZm(EdlqøgcuHkñúgesckþIR:zña

eRBaHPav;éncitþfitenAehIy

manPaBd*brisuTÆ

TaMgLayd*lamk EdlCasRtUvdl´kar:ncMeBaHnUvQan eQμaH

CaedImenaH eTIbeQμaHza fitenAehIy . eRBaHcitþfitenAhñwgÉg

za manóbk,ielseTAR:sehIy eRBaHkiriyaeTAR:s énesckþI

eTIbeQμaHza dl´nUvPaBminjab´j&r GZib|ayza mineXøgeXøag

esAhμgéncitþ manGPiCÄaCaedIm . k*bNÐit Kb|IRCabBaküTaMgBIr

minrMeCIbrMCYy . mYyeT[t eQμaHza fitenAehIy eRBaHfitenAkñúg

y¨agenH tamlMGanénn&y kñúgGg<NsURt nig vtæsURt . eQμaH

GMNacrbs´xøÜn edayPaBéncitþTn´ nig citþKYrdl´kargar eQμaH

za CacitþTn´ eRBaHdl´nUvkarsÞat´ç eQμaHza CacitþKYrdl´kargar

za

eRBaHcUleTAdl´PaBCa«TÆi:Tç eQμaHza fitenAehIy eRBaHcUl

EdlbuK<lcMerInehIy

eZVIoeRcInehIy

kñúgKuNTaMgLay

dl´nUvPaBminjab´j&r eRBaHPav;éncitþRtUvKuNCatiTaMgLay

1- suÇ GMÇ ÉÇ

PaKTI 40 TMB&rTI 18 .

eTAdl´PaBRbNIt edayPaBeBjeljénPavna eQμaHza dl´


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«TÆiviZnieTÞs

nUvPaBminjab´j&r . GZib|ayza citþ CaZmμCatdl´nUvPaBmin

:nCaesþccRkBtþi kñúgGnaKtkal dUecñHç esckþIR:zña rbs´

jab´j&r edayRbkarNaç fitenAehIy edayRbkarenaH . citþ

citþKhbtIenaH rEmgsMerc:n eRBaHkartaMgcitþR:zña rbs´Gñk

RbkbedayGg< 8 edayn&yenH CacitþKYrdl´GPinIhar KWCa:T

mansIl CakiriyabrisuTÆsÁat ‘1’ ³ dUecñH .

CabTdðan edIm|IkiriyaeZVIoCak´c|as´ edayR:C\ad*éRkElg nUvZ(m TaMgLay

EdlbuK<lKb|IeZVIoCak´c|as´

edayR:C\ad*éRkElg

y¨agdUecñHÉg .

n&ymYyeT[t stVTaMgLay rEmgsMerc edayKuNCatenaH eRBaHehtuenaH KuNCatenaH eQμaHza b\TÆiu . GZib|ayza Baküza ²rEmgsMerc³ enH esckþIza CaGñksMerc cMerInruger]g CaGñkdl´

‘236’ Kb|IRCabvinicä&y kñúg:lIza ²RBHeyaKI naMcitþcUl

nUvKuNd*x¬g´x¬s´³ dUecñH . ‘b\TÆi 10 y¨ag’

eTA begÁancitþcUleTA edIm|IsMEdgb\TiƳ dUcteTAenH . eQμaHza b\TÆi edayGtæza karsMerc GZib|ayza edayGtæ

b\TÆienaH man 10 y¨ag .

dUcRBHsarIbuRteBalza Baküza

za ekItplpg edayGtæza :ncMeBaHpg . eRBaHza vtæúNa

²b\TÆi TaMgLay³ :ndl´b\TÆi 10 y¨ag . RBHsarIbuRt eBal

ekItpl buK<l:ncMeBaHnUvvtæúNaç vtæúenaH elakehAza rEmg

BaküdéTeT[tza ²b\TÆiTaMg 10 y¨ag etIdUcemþcxøH/³ . b\TÆi 10

sMerc .

y¨agenaH KW ;

smdUcCaRBHd*manRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´za ²kalstV

R:zña nUvkamNaç ebIkamenaH sMercdl´stVenaH ‘1’ . KñaenaHEdr .

:lIza ²eQμaHza b\TÆi eRBaHenk¡mμ; sMercç

n&ydUc eQμaH

za :diharü eRBaHkMcat´bg´ç eQμaHza b\TÆi eRBaHGrhtþmK<sMercç eQμaHza :diharü eRBaHkMcat´bg´ ‘2’ ³ . n&ymYyeT[t eQμaHza b\TÆi edayGtæzasMerc . Baküza b\TÆienH CaeQμaHénkiriyadl´RBmedayó:y . EmnBit ó:ysm|Ta rEmgsMerc eRBaHkiriyaesayplEdlxøÜnR:zñaehIy . dUcCaRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´za ²EmnBit citþKhbtIenHÉg Ca GñkmansIl manZm(d*lÁ RbsinebInwgb¨gR:zñaza; GatμaGjKb|I 1- suÇ xuÇ PaKTI 54 TMB&rTI 265 .

2- suÇ PaKTI 71 TMB&rTI 315 .

1- GZidðana «TÆi

2- vikuBVna «TÆi

3- menamya «TÆi

b\TÆi sMercedaykarGZidðanç b\TÆi edaykareZVIoEbøkç b\TÆi EdlsMercmkGMBIcitþç

4- jaNvi:öra «TiÆ

b\TiÆ EdlpSayecjBIGrhtþmK<J¦aNç

5- smaZivi:öra «TiÆ

b\TÆi EdlpSayecjmkGMBIsmaZiç

6- Griya «TÆi

7- kmμvi:kCa «TÆi 8- buJ¦veta «TÆi

9- viC¢amya «TÆi

b\TÆi rbs´RBHGriy;ç b\TÆi EdlekItmkGMBIkmμvi:kç b\TÆi rbs´buK<lGñkmanbuNüç b\TÆi EdlsMercmkGMBIviC¢aç

1- suÇ sMÇ sÇ PaKTI 36 TMB&rTI 223 .


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348

«TÆiviZnieTÞs

‘4- jaNvi:örb\TÆi’

b\TÆi eRBaH

GtæzasMerc eRBaHbc©&yénkarRbkbRtwmRtUv kñúgkic©enaH> ‘1’ .

‘1- GZidðanb\TÆi’

KuNviess EdlekItedayGanuPaBénjaN kñúgkalmunkþI kñúgkalCaxageRkaykþI eRBaHkarRbRBwtþieTAénjaN eQμaHza b\TÆi

bNþab\TÆiTaMgenaH b\TÆi EdlRBHsarIbuRtsMEdgEvkEjk y¨ag

KWkarpSayecjénjaN . smdUcCaRBH:lIza ²eQμaHza b\TÆi

enHza ²Pikú¡EtmYyrUbeT edayRbRktI Etnwkcg´o:neRcInrUb KW

KWkarpSayecjénjaN eRBaHseRmcGtæénkarlHbg´ nUvesckþI

nwkcg´oeTACamYyryrUbkþI mYyBan´rUbkþI mYyhμÅnrUbkþI luHnwkcg´

sMKal´za eT[g edaykarBicarNaeXIjza mineT[g .l. eQμaH

ehIy k*GZidðan edayjaNza; sUmoGatμaGj manrUbeRcIn³

za b\TÆi KWkarpSayecjénjaN eRBaHseRmcGtæénkarlHbg´nUv

dUecñHCaedIm

kielsTaMgBYg edayGrhtþmK< ‘dUcCa’ b\TÆi KWkarpSayecj én

‘2’ eQμaHza b\TÆi KWkarGZidðan eRBaHPav;énb\TÆienaH

jaN rbs´RBHBakul; d*manGayu b\TÆi KWkarpSayecjénjaN

sMercehIy edayGMNacénkarGZidðan .

rbs´RBHsMkic©;

‘2- vikuBVnb\TÆi’ b\TÆi EdlmkehIy eday:lIy¨agenHza ²RBHGPiPUenaH lH bg´ePTCaRbRktI

ehIysMEdgePTCakumarxøH

d*manGayu

nwg

b\TÆi

KWkarpSayecjénjaN

rbs´RBHPUt:l d*manGayu ‘1’ ³ dUecñH .

‘jaNvi:örb\TÆi rbs´RBHBakul;’

sMEdgePTCanaK

sMEdgePTCakgTahanEbøk> KñaxøH ‘3’ ³ dUecñHCaedIm

bNþaRBHezr;TaMgbIenaH Cabfm RBHBakul;d*manGayu enA

eQμaHza b\TÆ KWkareZVIoEbøk eRBaHPav;énb\TÆienaH RbRBwtþeTAeday

ekμgenAeLIy kñúgézámg<l RtUveKpáÚtTwk kñúgsÞwg Zøak´ehIykñúgExS

GMNackarlHbg´ePTRbRktI nig eZVIoxusEbøk ‘BIePTRbRktI’ .

Twk edayesckþIRbEhsénemnM . RtIelbnUvkumarenaH ehIy:n

‘3- menamyb\TiÆ’

eTAkan´kMBg´énRkugBaraNsI . GñkRbm¨g´RtI cab´RtIenaH:nehIy

xøH

.l.

kñúgsasnaenH

kñúgkMBg´enaH k*lk´eTAoPriyaénesdðI . PriyaesdðIenaH k*ekIt

nimμit nUvkaydéT GMBIkayenH manrUbEdlsMercGMBIcitþ³ dUecñHCa

esckþIcUlcitþelIRtI ehIyeBalza ²x\úMnwgGaMgRtInu@HxøÜnÉg³ dUecñH

edIm eQμaHza b\TÆi EdlsMercGMBIcitþ eRBaHPav;énb\TÆienaHRbRBwtþ

kMBugEtvH k*Rsab´EteXIjTark dUcCarUbCavikarénmas kñúgeBaH

eTA edayGMNacénkarekIteLIg énsrIr;déTeT[t EdlsMercmk

RtI k*ekItesckþIesamnsSza ²GatμaGj:nkUnehIy³ dUecñH .

GMBIcitþ BÆd*xagkñúgénragkay .

PaBminmanéneraK kñúgeBaHénRtI

b\TÆi

EdlmkehIy

edayn&yenHza

1- suÇ PaKTI 71 TMB&r 264 .

²Pikú¡

2- TMB&r 269 . 3- TMB&r 277 .

1- suÇ xuÇ

eQμaHza b\TÆi KWkarpSayecjén

PaKTI 71 TMB&rTI 278 .


visuTÆimK< ERb jaN

rbs´RBHBakul;d*manGayu

eRBaHPaBminmaneraKkñúgeBaHénRtIenaH énRBHGrhtþmK<J¦aN dUecñH .

349

CaGñkekIt

kñúgPBCaTIbMput

ekItehIy

EdlelakKb|I:n

350

«TÆiviZnieTÞs

Tan´ecjmkvijenAeLIy TVarbiTehIy .

edayGanuPaB

eraK Gs´raRtImanyambI xageRkARkug sUm|ICaTIRtac´eTA énykS

edayGtþPaBenaH

sahav eQμaHza b\TÆi KWkarpSayeTAénjaN tamn&yEdlelak

k*bNÐitKb|IsMEdger]g ‘RBHBakul;’ edayBisþar .

eBalehIyenaHÉg .

‘jaNvi:örb\TÆi rbs´RBHsMkic©;’ k*kalRBHsg,ic©etær

PaBEdlTark minman

taMgenAkñúgK(PenAeLIy

k*bNÐit Kb|IsMEdger]g oBisþarpg .

‘5- smaZivi:örb\TÆi’ matak*:neZVI

KuNviess EdlekItehIy edayGanuPaBénsmz; mun ß

mrNkaleTA . kalEdlmataenaH RtUveKelIkeLIgkan´eCIgz,r

eRkaysmaZi ßk* kñúgxN;énsmaZienaH b\TÆi KWkarpSayecj

cak´edayeQIRsYcehIydutç Tark b¨HeRK]gRbharRtg´knÞúyEPñk

énsmaZi . smdUcRBHd*manRBHPaKRtas´za ²eQμaHza b\TÆi KWkar

edaycugeQIRsYc :nERskehIy . lMdab´enaH BYkmnusSTaMg

pSayecjénsmaZi eRBaHseRmcGtæénkarlHbg´ nUvnIvrN;TaMg

Lay k*:ndak´TarkenaHcuHehIy edayKitza ²TarkenAmanCIvit³

Lay edaybfmCÄan

dUecñH vHeBaHrYcehIy k*:noTarkeTACIdUn . TarkenaH RtUvCIdUn

smaZi eRBaHsMercGtæénkarlHbg´nUvGakiJ©J¦aytnsJ¦a eday

enaH EzTaM luHZMcMerInv&yehIy k*eTAbYs :nsMercnUvRBHGrhtþ

envsJ¦anasJ¦aytnsmabtþi ‘dUcCa’ b\TÆi KWkarpSayecj én

RBmTaMgbdismÖiTaTaMgLay . PaBminmaneraK elIeCIgz,rénós

smaZi rbs´RBHsarIbutþd*manGayuç b\TÆi KWkarpSayecjénsmaZi

tamn&yEdlelakeBalehIy y¨agenHÉg eQμaHza b\TÆi KWkar

rbs´RBHsJ¢Iv;manGayuç b\TÆi KWkarpSayecjénsmaZi rbs´RBH

pSayecjénjaN rbs´RBHsgi,c©; d*manGayu .

xaNuekaNÐJ¦; d*manGayuç

‘jaNvi:örb\TÆi rbs´RBHPUt:l’ er]gmYyeT[t ÓBuk rbs´PUt:lTark CamnusST&lRk kñúg

eQμaHza b\TÆi KWkarpSayecj én

b\TÆi KWkarpSayecjénsmaZi rbs´

ó:sikaeQμaHótþraç b\TÆi KWkarpSayecjénsmaZi rbs´ó:sika eQμaHsamavtI ‘1’ ³ .

‘smaZivi:örb\TÆi rbs´RBHsarIbuRt’

TIRkugraCRKwH . ÓBukenaH eTAkan´éRBedayreTH edIm|IRbeyaCn¾ dl´ós pÞúkóseRscehIy eTAdl´TICitTVarRkugkñúgeBlláac .

.l.

bNþaRBHezr;TaMgenaH

kalRBHsarIbuRtd*manGayu

Kg´enA

CYnRKaenaH eKaTaMgLayrbs´Kat´ edaHecjBInwmehIy k*cUleTA

Ek|rjkPñMeQμaHte:t; CamYynwgRBHmhaemaK<løanetær ekarsk´

kan´TIRkug . ÓBukenaH okUntUcGg<úyelITUkreTHehIy k*eTAtam

ehIyzμI> Gg<úykñúgTIval kñúgraRtIxagexñItç manykSkMNacmYy

daneCIgeKaTaMgLay :ncUleTAkan´TIRkugpgEdr . kalKat´min

1- suÇ

xuÇ

KaKTI 71 TMB&rTI 280 .


visuTÆimK< ERb TukCaykSCasMLaj´hamXat´

351

«TÆiviZnieTÞs

elI

²enHCadg<t´³ :ndak´begVcRTBüTaMgGs´ xagelIRBHezr;Etmþg .

:nekItehIydUcCasMeLgénemX

kalBYkecarTaMgenaHsMrakehIyecjeTAç RBHezr;ecjBIsmabtþi

kñúgkalNaç kñúgkalenaH RBHezr;cUlsmabtþiehIy kñúgsm&y

ehIyedayGMNacénkiriyakMNt´nUvkal kñúgkalCaTIkan´yknUv

CaTIRbharrbs´ykSenaH . RKaenaH GaBaZtictYcmin:nekItman

begVcRTBüEdlecardak´ehIyCadMbUg . BYkecarTaMgenaH eXIjnUv

dl´elak eRBaHkarRbharenaHeLIy . b\TÆienH eQμaHzab\TÆi KWkar

Gakar;kMerIk rbs´RBHezr;ehIy k*P&yrt´EckpøÚvKñaeTA . RBHezr;

pSayecjénsmaZi rbs´RBHsarIbuRtd*manGayuenaH . Éer]gmk

eBalza ²Enó:skTaMgLay BYkGñkkMuxøaceLIy GatμaCaPikú¡³ .

ehIy kñúgóTanÉeNaH .

BYkecarTaMgenaH mkzVaybg<MehIy bYsedayesckþIRCHzøaEdlfit

RBHeksç

sMeLgEdlKMram

k*:noehIynUvkarRbhar

352

‘smaZivi:örb\TÆi rbs´RBHsJ¢Iv;’

enAkñúgRBHezr;ehIy :nsMercnUvRBHGrhtþ RBmTaMgbdismÖiTa .

er]gmYyeT[t GñkKgValeKaTaMgLay sMKal´ehIy nUvRBH sJ¢Ivetær EdlcUlnieraZsmabtþiza ²eZVIkalkiriyaehIy³ :n

karminmanGaBaZénRBHezr;EdlRtUvbegVcRTBü 500 kJ©b´ RKb sg,t´ehIykñúgéRBenaH eQμaHza b\TÆi KWkarpSayecjénsmaZi .

‘smaZivi:örb\TÆi rbs´ótþraó:sika’

CJ¢ÚnnUvesμA kMNat´eQI nig Gacm¾eKa mkdutePøIg . sUm|Ivtæú RtwmEtcugénecs kñúgcIvrrbs´RBHezr; k*ePøIgmineqHeLIy . kar

cMENknagótþraó:sika CaZIta rbs´buNÑkesdðI . RsIp,a

minmanGnþrayedayePøIgenH eQμaHzab\TÆiKWkarpSayecjénsmaZi

mas eQμaHsirima manesckþIRcENnRKbsg,t´ehIy :neRsac

eRBaHPav;énb\TÆienaH ekItehIy edayGanuPaBénsmz; Edl:n

eRbgd*ekþATaMgxÞH elIk|alnagótþra .

RbRBwtþeTAehIy edayGMNacénsmabtþitamlMdab´rbs´elak .

kñúgxN;enaHÉg . eRbg:nxÞatecjeTA dUcCaTwkxÞatecjBIsøwk

Éer]g mkehIy kñúgRBHsURtÉeNaH .

QUk . enHCab\TÆi KWkarpSayecjénsmaZirbs´nagótþraenaH .

‘smaZivi:örb\TÆi rbs´RBHxaNuekaNÐJ¦etær’ cMENkRBHxaNuekaNÐJ¦etær

tamRbRktI

nagótþra cUlemtþaehIy

Éer]gbNÐitKb|I ‘sMEdg’ oBisþarcuH .

‘smaZivi:örb\TÆi rbs´RBHnagsamavtI’

CaGñkeRcIneday

smabtþiEmnBit . RBHezr;Gg<enaH Gg<úycUlsmabtþi Gs´mYy

GK<mehsI énRBH:TóeTn RBHnamsamavtI . maKNÐiy-

raRtI kñúgéRBmYy . BYkecar 500 nak´ lYcRTBüeKehIyeTA man

RBahμN¾ R:zñatMENgCaGK<mehsI dl´ZItarbs´xøÜn :noeK

R:zñaedIm|IQb´sMrak edayKitza ²«LÚvenH minmanm©as´RTBü

dak´Bs´GasirBis kñúgBiNrbs´RBHnagsamavtIenaH ehIyTUl

mktampøÚvBYkeyIgeT³ dUecñH

RBHraCaza

kaldak´nUvbegVcRTBü k*sMKal´za

²bBiRtmharaC

RBHnagsamavtI

R:zñacg´eZVIKt´RBH


visuTÆimK< ERb

353

354

«TÆiviZnieTÞs

Gg< cab´Bs´GasirBis rkSaTukkñúgBiN³ . RBHraCaRTg´TtBs´

za minKYrex¬Im kñúgrbs´KYrex¬ImCaedImenH ehAza ²Griyb\TÆi³ eRBaH

enaH RTg´x\al´ehIy elIkeLIgnUvZñÚ edaymanbMNgza ²Gjnwg

ekItmancMeBaHRBHGriyTaMgLay Edldl´ehIynUvkarsÞat´eday

smøab´nagsamavtI³ ehIyes[tnUvkUnsr EdlRtaMehIyedayzñaM

GMNacéncitþbu¨eNÑaH . EmnBit Pikú¡CaRBHxINaRsB RbkbRBm

Bis . RBHnagsamavtI RBmTaMgbrivar :npSayemtþa eTAkan´

edayGriyb\TÆienH

RBHraCa . RBHraCa kalminGacedIm|I:j´ nig minGacedIm|Idak´

nUvZatukþI kñúgvtæúEdlKYrex¬Im KWminCaTIR:zña eQμaHza CaGñkman

cuHnUvkUnsr:n k*RTg´jab´j&rRbzab´enAehIy . lMdab´enaH RBH

esckþIsMKal´za minKYrex¬ImKg´enAç kaleZVInUvkarpSaynUvGsuPkþI

nageTvITUlRBHGg<za ²bBiRtmharaC etIRBHGg<RTg´lM:kß/³ .

nUvkareZVITukkñúgcitþza ²mineT[g³ dUecñHkþI kñúgvtæúEdlminKYrex¬Im KW

²eGIx\úMlM:k³ RBHraCaeqøIy . ²ebIdUecñaH sUmRBHGg<RTg´dak´ZñÚcuH³

EdlCaTIR:zña eQμaHza GñkmanesckþIsMKal´zaKYrex¬Im Kg´enA .

RBHnagTUl . kUnsr:nZøak´ehIy Ek|rTICiténRBH:T rbs´RBH

n&ydUcKñaenaHEdr

raCaEtmþg . lMdab´enaH RBHnageTvI TUnμanRBHraCaenaHza ²bBiRt

nUvZatukþI enaHÉg kñúgvtæúEdlKYrex¬Im nig minKYrex¬Im eQμaHza Gñk

mharaC RBHGg<minRtUvRbTUsþ cMeBaHGñkEdlminRbTUsþtbeT³ .

manesckþIsMKal´za minKYrex¬ImKg´enAç nig kaleZVInUvkarpSay

PaBénRBHraCaminGacedIm|IElgnUvsr dUceBalmkenH eQμaHza

GsuP;kþI nUvkareZVITukkñúgcitþza ²mineT[g³ dUecñHkþI enaHÉg kñúgvtæú

b\TÆi KWkarpSayecjénsmaZi rbs´ó:sikasamavtI dUecñHÉg .

EdlminKYrex¬Im nig KYrex¬Im k*eQμaHza CaGñkmanesckþIsMKal´za

‘6- Griyb\TÆi’

kaleZVInUvkarpSayemtþakþI

Pikú¡kaleZVIkarpSayemtþakþI

nUvkareZVITukkñúgcitþ

nUvkareZVITukkñúgcitþ

minKYrKg´enA . cMENkPikú¡ kaljúaMgqLg<úebk¡a EdleBalehIy

cMENkxagb\TÆi manb\TÆiénCnGñkmankiriyaenA edayesckþI

edayn&yza ²Pikú¡ eXIjnUvrUb edayEPñkehIy CaGñkmineRtkGr³

sMKal´za minKYrex¬ImCaedIm kñúgvtæúEdlKYrex¬ImCaedIm CaRbRktI

dUecñHCaedIm oRbRBwtþeTA ev[recjnUvGarmμN¾TaMgBIrenaH TaMgkñúg

eQμaHzaGriyb\TÆi . b\TÆi KWPaBGñkx¬g´x¬s´ etIdUcemþc/ . Pikú¡ kñúg

vtæúEdlKYrex¬Impg nig vtæúminKYrex¬Impg k*eQμaHza CaGñkRBegIy

sasnaenH ebIR:zñaza ²GatμaGj Kb|ImanesckþIsMKal´za min

kenþIy manstism|CJ¦; Kg´enA . eRBaHza kñúgbdismÖiTa RBH

KYrex¬Im kñúgrbs´EdlKYrex¬Imç elakk*CaGñksMKal´za minKYrex¬Im

sarIbuRt cMENkesckþIenHÉg edayn&yCaedImza ²sYrza; Pikú¡

kñúgrbs´enaH .l. CaGñkmansμartI dwgxøÜn Rbkbedayóebk¡a

manesckþIsMKal´za minKYrex¬Im kñúgvtæúEdlKYrex¬ImKg´enA etIdUc

kñúgrbs´EdlKYrex¬ImenaH ‘1’ ³ .

emþc/ .

1- suÇ

xuÇ

Emn b\TiÆ manPaBCaGñksMKal´

PaKTI 71 TMB&rTI 281 .

eqøIyza; Pikú¡pSayemtþacitþ ß BicarNaza CaZatu kñúg

vtæúEdlminCaTIR:zña³ dUecñH edayRbkary¨agenHÉg .


visuTÆimK< ERb

355

356

«TÆiviZnieTÞs

b\TÆi manPaBCaGñkmanesckþIsMKal´za minKYr kñúgvtæúEdlKYr Ca

:n mYyGenøIedayesna RbkbedayGg< 4 edayehaceTA rab´

edImenH elakehAza Griyb\TÆi eRBaHekItmancMeBaHRBHGriy;TaMg

taMgGMBIbursGñkcgesH nig GñkrkSaeKaç b\TÆi rbs´GñkmanbuNü

Lay Edl:nnUvecetavsI EtbueNÑaH edayRbkardUecñHÉg .

eQμaHeCatikKhbtIç b\TÆi rbs´GñkmanbuNü eQμaHCdilKhbtIç

‘7- kmμvi:kCb\TiÆ’ cMENkb\TÆi mankareTAtamGakasCaedIm rbs´stVTaMgLay

b\TÆi rbs´GñkmanbuNü eQμaHeXasitKhbtIç b\TÆi rbs´Gñkman buNü eQμaHemNÐkKhbtIç b\TÆi rbs´buK<lGñkmanbuNüZM 5

manstVsøabCaedIm eQμaHza b\TÆi ekItGMBIplkmμ . dUc:lIza

nak´ç

b\TÆienH eQμaHza b\TÆi rbs´buK<lGñkmanbuNü ‘1’ ³dUecñH .

²sYrza; b\TÆi ekItGMBIplkmμ etIdUcemþc/ . eqøIyza; b\TÆi rbs´

ebIniyayedayseg¡b KuNviess rbs´buK<lEdlsMerc kñúg

stVsøabTaMgGs´ rbs´eTvtaTaMgGs´ rbs´BYkmnusSxøH rbs´

buJ¦smÖar Edldl´nUvkareBjeljehIy eQμaHza b\TÆi rbs´

stVCavini:tik;xøH enH KWb\TÆi ekItGMBIplkmμ³ dUecñH . EmnBit

buK<lGñkmanbuNü .

bNþastVTaMgenaH kareTAtamGakas:n rbs´stVsøabTaMgGs´

k*bNþabuK<lGñkmanbuNüTaMgenaH sMrab´eCatikKhbtI man

ev[rcakQan ß vibsSna Cab\TÆi ekItGMBIplkmμç k*dUcKñaenaHEdr

R:saTEkvmNI nig edImkb|RBwkS 64 edIm TMlaynUvEpndI

kareTAtamGakas:n rbs´BYkeTvtaTaMgGs´ nig mnusSBYkxøH

puseLIgehIyç enHCab\TÆi rbs´GñkmanbuNü eQμaHeCatikKhbtI

EdlekItkñúgbfmkb| k*Cab\TÆi ekItGMBIplkmμEdrç dUcKñaenaHEdr

enaH . sMrab´CdilKhbtI manPñMmaskMBs´ 80 htæ ekIteLIg

kareTAtamGakas:n rbs´vini:tik;TaMgLayBYkxøH manCaGaTi¾

ehIy . kalebIeKeZVIesckþIBüayamedIm|Ismøab´ kñúgTI 7 kEnøg

KW yki¡nI Camatarbs´RBHbiyg,rç yki¡nI Camatarbs´ótþrmaNBç

PaBminmaneraK Cab\TÆi rbs´GñkmanbuNüeQμaHeXaskKhbtI.

yki¡nI eQμaHbusSmitþaç yki¡nI eQμaHZmμKutþa k*Cab\TÆi ekItGMBIpl

Pav;énBEBTaMgLay EdlsMercehIyGMBIrtn; 7 Rbkar R:kd

kmμEdr y¨agenHÉg .

eLIg kñúgRbeTsRtwmEtP¢Ür:nmYyKnøg Cab\TÆi rbs´GñkmanbuNü

‘8- buJ¦veta«TÆi’

eQμaHemNÐkKhbtI . eQμaHza buK<lGñkmanbuNüTaMgLay 5

cMENkÉb\TÆi mankareTAtamGakasCaedIm énviessCnTaMg

nak´ KW; emNÐkesdðI 1ç Priyarbs´Kat´ eQμaHcnÞbTumsiri 1ç

Lay manesþccRkBtþiCaedIm eQμaHza b\TÆi rbs´buK<lGñkman

kUnRbus eQμaHZnJ¢yesdðI 1ç kUnRbsaRsI eQμaHsumneTvI 1ç

buNü . smdUcRBHsarIbuRteBalza ²b\TÆi rbs´buK<lGñkman

x\MúRbus eQμaHbuNÑ; 1 .

buNü etIdUcemþc/ .

RBHraCa cRkBtþi RTg´esþceTAkan´Gakas

1- suÇ

xuÇ

bNþabuK<lGñkmanbuNüTaMg 5 enaH

KaKTI 71 TMB&rTI 284 .


visuTÆimK< ERb kúñgeBlEdlesdðIkk´k|alehIy

egIyemIlnUvGakas

357

358

CRguk

RtUv kñúgGMeBIenaH>Cabc©&y eRBaHsMercGtæénkarlHbg´nUvkiels

RsUv 1ç250 xñg eBjedayRsUvsalIBN(RkhmGMBIGakas .

«TÆiviZnieTÞs

TaMgLayTaMgBYg edayGrhtþmK< ‘1’ ³ dUecñH .

kalPriya cab´yk:yRtwmEtmYynaLi ehIyGg<asnUvCnTaMg

É:lImkehIy kñúgnieTÞsénb\TÆiTaMg10 enH k*dUcKñanwg:lI

Lay GñkenAkñúgCm¬ÚTVIbTaMgmUlç :yk*enAEtminGs´Edr . kal

kñúgnieTÞsénb\TÆimunEdr edayGMNacénkarsMEdg nUvesckþIRbkb

EdlkUnRbus

odl´BYkCn

RtUv eBalKWkarRbtibtþidUcKña . cMENkÉb\TÆi EdlmkehIy kñúg

GñkenAkñúgCm¬ÚTVIbTaMgGs´ khabN;TaMgLay k*enAEtminGs´ .

Gdðkzaza ²KuNviessEdlekIteLIgehIy eRBaHeZVIkmμenaH> KW

kalkUnRbsaRsI ykRsUvmYykeJ¢I ehIyeRbIoeKEck dl´Cn

sil|kmμ NanImYy edayGMNacénkareZVInUvviZImank|ÜnreTH Ca

GñkenAkñúgCm¬ÚTVIbTaMgmUl RsUvk*enAEtminGs´Edr . kalx\MúRbus

edIm evC¢kmμ NanImYy karer[nnUvevTTaMgbI karer[nRBHéRtbidk

P¢Üredayng<&lmYy ekItman 14 Knøg KW xagenH 7 Knøg xagenH

TaMgbI edayehaceTA mankarP¢ÜrnigkarsabeRBaHCaedIm eQμaHza

7 Knøg . enHCab\TÆi rbs´GñkmanbuNü énCnTaMg 5 enaH .

b\TÆiedayGtæzasMerc eRBaHkarRbkbRtUvkñúgkmμenaH> Cabc©&y³ .

yknUvzg´khabN;mYyBan´ehIy

‘9- viC¢amyb\TÆi’ cMENkb\TÆi mandMeNIreTAkan´GakasCaedIm énCnTaMgLay manCnGñkRTRTg´ nUvviC¢aCaedIm eQμaHza b\TÆi seRmcedayviC¢a .

kñúgb\TÆiTaMg 10 EdleBalmkenH GZidðanb\TÆi bu¨eNÑaH mk ehIy kñúgbTenHza ²«TÆiviZay³ dUecñH .

Kb|IR:zña vikuBVnb\TÆi nig menamyb\TÆi EmnBit .

smdUc:lIza ²b\TÆisMercedayviC¢a etIdUcemþc/ . BYkGñkviC¢aZr raynUvviC¢aehIy ehaHeTAkan´Gakas:n sMEdgxøÜnCadMrI enAelI GakasTeTk*:n

.l.

sMEdgxøÜnCakgTahanepSg> k*:n .

‘10- ttæ ttæÇÇÇ «CÄnedðn «TÆi’ cMENkkarsMercnUvkmμenaH> eRBaHkarRbkbRtUvenaH> eQμaH zab\TiÆ edayGtæzasMerc eRBaHkarRbkbRtUvkñúgkmμenaH>Cabc©&y. smdUc:lIza ²eQμaHza b\TÆi edayGtæzasMerc eRBaHkarRbkb RtUvkñúgGMeBIenaH> Cabc©&y eRBaHsMercGtæénkarlHbg´nUvkamcänÞ; edayenk¡mμ; .l. eQμaHza b\TÆiedayGtæzasMerc eRBaHkarRbkb

EtkñúgesckþIenH bNÐit

‘EkGtæbT:lI’ ‘237’ bTza ²«TÆiviZay³ esckþIza kñúgcMENkénb\TÆi ßk* kñúgdMENgénb\TÆi . eRcInbTza ²citþM

GPinIhrti GPininñaemti³

esckþIza Pikú¡enaH kalebIcitþenaH KWQanmanGPiJ¦aCaTItaMg ekIt ehIy

edayGMNacénkarGb´rMcitþ

manRbkardUceBalmkehIy

rEmgbegÁn nUvbrikmμcitþeTA edIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´kar:ncMENk én b\TÆi KWnaMecj‘nUvcitþ’ cakGarmμN¾énksiNehIy EtgbJ¢Ún ‘nUv citþenaH’omanmuxeq¬aHeTArkkardMENgb\TÆi . bTza ²GPininñaemti³ 1- suÇ

xu

PaKTI 71 TMB&rTI 285 .


visuTÆimK< ERb

359

360

«TÆiviZnieTÞs

esckþIza eZVI ‘nUvcitþ’ oeTreTArkb\TÆi KWoejaceTArkb\TÆi Edl

PUmiCaTIekIténvievk KWbfmCÄan 1 PUmiCaTIekIténbIti nig sux; KW

xøÜnKb|I:n . bTza ²esa³ :ndl´Pikú¡enaH CaGñkmankarksag

TutiyCÄan 1 PUmiCaTIekIténóebk¡anigsux; KWttiyCÄan 1 PUmiCa

kñúgcitþ:neZVIehIy y¨agdUecñaH . bTza ²GenkvihitM³

ERbza

TIekIténevTnaminTuk¡minsux; KWctutæCÄan 1ç enHÉg PUmiTaMg 4

maneRcInEbb KWmanRbkarepSg> . bTza ²«TÆiviZM³ ERbzacMENk

rbs´b\TÆi RbRBwtþeTA edIm|I:nnUvb\TÆi edIm|I:ncMeBaHnUvb\TÆi edIm|I

énb\TÆi . bTza ²bc©nuePati³ esckþIza :nesay KW:nBal´ RtUv :neZVIoCak´c|as´ :nsMerc .

kñúgkal«LÚvenH RBHmanRBHPaK kalRTg´sMEdg nUvPav;én cMENkénb\TÆienaHmaneRcIny¨ag eTIbRTg´Rtas´za ²Éekabi hutVa³ dUecñHCaedIm . bNþabTTaMgenaH bTza ²Éekabi hutVa³ KW tam RbRktI kñúgeBlmun GMBIkareZVInUvb\TÆihñwgÉg k*CabuK<lEtmYyrUb .

edIm|Ic®g,mkþI

ehati³ esckþIza ‘Pikú¡mYyrUb’ CaGñkR:zña

CaGñkR:zñaedIm|IeZVInUvkarsVaZüaykþI

CaGñkR:zña

edIm|IsYrRbsñakþI kñúgsMNak´énPikú¡eRcInrUb ‘o’ eTACamYyryrUb k*:n mYyBan´rUbk*:n .

‘«TÆiviZI’ sYrza ²cuHPikú¡rUbenH ekIty¨agenH edayRbkardUcemþc/³ . eqøIyza ²Pikú¡rUbenaH júaMgPUmi 4 énb\TÆi :T 4 bT 8 mUl 16 énb\TÆi odl´RBmehIy GZidðanedayjaN .

‘PUmi 4 énb\TÆi’ kñúgviZITaMgenaH Qan 4 bNÐiKb|IRCabza PUmi 4 . smdUc CaRBHZmμesnabtI

edIm|IesckþIekø{vkøa kñúgb\TÆi ‘1’ ³ . k*RBHeyaKI QancUlehIy nUvsuxsJ¦apg nUvlhusJ¦a

‘BhuPav:diharü’

BIrbTza ²BhuZa

kareZVIoEbøkénb\TÆi edIm|IbgØÚreTAénb\TÆi edIm|IPaBénkarsÞat´kñúgb\TÆi

eBalehIyza ²PUmi 4 énb\TÆi etIdUcemþc / .

pg ehIyCaGñkmankayRsal Tn´ nig KYrdl´kargar ehIy sMercnUvb\TÆi

eRBaHkarpSaynUvbIti

nig

eRBaHkarpSaynUvsux;

eRBaHehtuNa eRBaHehtuenaH bNþaQanTaMg 4 enaH bNÐit Kb|IRCabQan 3 xagedIm za ²eQμaHza manPUmisMrab´CaeRK]g Rbkb³ eRBaHRbRBwtþeTAedIm|I:ncMeBaHnUvb\TÆi edaybriyayenH . cMENkctutæCÄan eQμaHza PUmiCaRbRktI eRBaHRbRBwtþeTAedIm|I:n nUvb\TÆiEmnBit .

‘:Ténb\TÆi 4’ «TÆi:T 4 bNÐitKb|IRCabza :T 4 . smdUcCaRBH:lI za ²b\TÆi man:T 4 etIdUcemþc/ .

Pikú¡ kñúgsasnaenH cMerInnUv

«TÆi:T RbkbedayqnÞsmaZi nig bZansg¡ar 1 cMerInnUv«TÆi:T RbkbedayvIriysmaZi nig bZansg¡ar 1 cMerInnUv«TÆi:T Rbkb edaycitþsmaZi nig bZansg¡ar 1 cMerInnUv«TÆi:T Rbkbeday vImMsasmaZi nig bZansg¡ar 1ç enHÉg:TTaMg 4 énb\TÆi RbRBwtþ 1- suÇ

xuÇ

KaKTI 71 TMB&rTI 264 .


visuTÆimK< ERb eTA edIm|I:nnUvb\TÆi

.l.

361

edIm|IesckþIekø{vkøa kñúgb\TÆi ³ .

362

«TÆiviZnieTÞs

za qnÞsmaZiç Pikú¡enaH júaMgq&nÞ;oekIt RbwgERbg R:rBÆBüayam

k*kñúgnieTÞsén«TÆi:TenH smaZiEdlmanq&nÞ;CaehtukþI man

p<gcitþeLIg taMgBüayammaM edIm|IjúaMgZm(TaMgLay CaGkusl

q&nÞ;d*elIslubkþI eQμaHza qnÞsmaZi . Baküza qnÞsmaZienH

d*lamk EdlminTan´ekIteLIg minoekIteLIg:n .l. TaMgenH

CaeQμaHénsmaZi EdlRBHeyaKIeZVInUvq&nÞ; KWPaBénxøÜnCaGñkcg´eZVI

ehAza bZansg¡arç enHehAza q&nÞ;pg enHehAza q&nÞsmaZipg

oCaGZibtI ehIyeTIb:nsMerc .

enHehAza bZansg¡arpg edayRbkardUecñH . mñalPikú¡TaMgLay

sg¡arTaMgLayEdlCatYénesckþIBüayam eQμaHza bZansg¡ar . Baküza bZansg¡arenH CaeQμaH énesckþIBüayam

enHehAza «TÆi:T RbkbedayqnÞsmaZi nig bZansg¡ar ‘1’ ³ . sUm|Ikñúg«TÆi:Td*ess k*bNÐitKb|IRCabesckþI y¨agenHEdr .

‘bT 8 énb\TÆi’

eBalKWesckþIBüayamRtUv EdljúaMgkic© 4 osMerc . Baküza

²smnñaKtM³ KWRbkbehIy edayqnÞsmaZi nig bZansg¡ar .

‘238’ bTTaMgLay 8 manq&nÞ;CaedIm bNÐitKb|IRCabza

Baküza ²«TiÆ:TM³ esckþIza KMnréncitþ nig ectsikd*essEdl

bT8 . smdUcRBH:lIza ²b\TÆi manbT 8 etIdUcemþc/ . ebIPikú¡

eQμaHza :T eRBaHesckþIzaCaTItaMgénqnÞsmaZi nig bZansg¡ar

GaRs&yq&nÞ; ehIy:nnUvsmaZi KW:nnUvPaBéncitþmanGarmμN¾

TaMgLay EdlRbkbehIy edayGPiJ¦acitþ Edldl´nUvkarrab´

EtmYy 1ç q&nÞ;minEmnsmaZi smaZiminEmnq&nÞ; q&nÞ;edayELk

za b\TÆi edayGtæzasMerc edaybriyayzaekItpl n&ymYyeT[t

smaZiedayELk 1ç ebIPikú¡GaRs&ynUvvIriy; ehIy:nnUvsmaZi

dl´nUvkarrab´za b\TÆi eRBaHCaeRK]gsMercénstVTaMgLay eday

KW:nnUvPaBéncitþ manGarmμN¾EtmYy 1ç vIriy; minEmnsmaZi

briyayenHza CaeRK]gruger]g CaeRK]gcMerIn CaeRK]gd*x¬g´x¬s´ .

smaZiminEmnvIriy; vIriy;edayELk smaZiedayELk 1ç ebI

smdUcCaRBH:lI za ; ²Baküza «TÆi:T :ndl´ evTnaxnÆ

Pikú¡GaRs&ycitþ ehIy:nsmaZi KW:nnUvPaBéncitþ manGarmμN¾

sJ¦axnÆ sg¡ark¡nÆ viJ¦aNk¡nÆ énPikú¡GñkR:kddUecñaH ³ .

EtmYy

n&ymYyeT[t

eQμaHza

:T

eRBaHCaeRK]gEdlbuK<lKb|I

citþminEmnsmaZi

smaZiedayELk

smaZiminEmncitþ

ebIPikú¡GaRs&ynUvvImMsa

citþedayELk

ehIy:nsmaZi

dl´ GZib|ayza CaeRK]gsMerc . :Ténb\TÆi eQμaHza «TÆi:T .

KW:nnUvPaBéncitþ manGarmμN¾EtmYy 1ç vImMsa minEmnsmaZi

Baküza «TÆi:T enH CaeQμaHénZm(TaMgLay manq&nÞ;CaedIm .

smaZiminEmnvImMsa vImMsaedayELk smaZiedayELk 1ç TaMg

smdUcCaRBH:lIza ²mñalPikú¡TaMgLay ebIPikú¡GaRs&y nUvq&nÞ;

enHÉg bT 8 rbs´b\TÆi RbRBwtþeTA edIm|I:nnUvb\TÆi edIm|I:ncMeBaH

ehIy:nnUvsmaZi :nnUvPaBéncitþmanGarmμN¾EtmYyç

enHehA

1- suÇ sMÇ mÇ PaKTI 38 TMB&rTI 291 .


visuTÆimK< ERb

363

nUvb\TÆi edIm|IkareZVIoEbøkénb\TÆi edIm|IbgØÚreTAénb\TÆi edIm|IPaBénkar sÞat´kñúgb\TÆi edIm|IesckþIekø{vkøakñúgb\TÆi³ . eRBaHkñúg:lIenaH qnÞ; KWPaBCaGñkR:zñaedIm|IjúaMgb\TÆi oekIteLIg luHEtRbkbehIykñúg TICamYyKña edaysmaZib¨ueNÑaH eTIbRbRBwtþeTAedIm|I:nnUvb\TÆi . «TÆi:TTaMgLayd*ess manvIriy;CaedIm k*y¨agenaHEdr . eRBaH ehtuenaH bTTaMg 8 manq&nÞ;CaedImenH bNÐitKb|IRCabza elak

‘mUl 16 énb\TÆi’

‘7’ citþ EdlputRsLH rEmgminjab´j&r edaykamraK; eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbeQμaHza citþminjab´j&rç ‘8’ citþ EdlminmaneRK]gRbkb rEmgminjab´j&r eday kiels eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbeQμaHza citþminjab´j&rç ‘9’ citþ EdlKμanPøWKWkiels rEmgminjab´j&r edayPøWKW kiels eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbeQμaHza citþminjab´j&rç

kielsmansPaBepSg> ehtuenaH eTIbeQμaHza citþminjab´j&rç

PaBéncitþminjab´j&r edayGakar; 16 bNÐitKb|IRCabza mUl 16 . smdUcRBH:lIza ²b\TÆi manmUl 16 etIdUcemþc/ . ‘1’ citþ EdlmineRTam rEmgminjab´j&r edayesckþIx¢il

‘2’ citþ Edlmine:¨geLIg rEmgminjab´j&r edayesckþI revIrvay eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbeQμaHza citþminjab´j&rç ‘3’ citþ EdlminTn´eTar rEmgminjab´j&r edayraK; eRBaH

rEmgminjab´j&r

edayBüa:T

eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbeQμaHza citþminjab´j&rç ‘5’ citþ EdlminGaRs&y rEmgminjab´j&r edayTidði eRBaH ehtuenaH eTIbeQμaHza citþminjab´j&rç ‘6’ citþ EdlminCab´CMBak´ rEmgminjab´j&r edayqnÞraK; eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbeQμaHza citþminjab´j&rç

EdlminKYreC] eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbeQμaHza citþminjab´j&rç ‘12’ citþ EdlmanvIriy;EzrkSa rEmgminjab´j&r edaykar

‘13’ citþEdlmanstiEzrkSa rEmgminjab´j&redayesckþI RbmaT eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbeQμaHza citþminjab´j&rç ‘14’ citþ EdlmansmaZiEzrkSa rEmgminjab´j&r eday esckþIraymay eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbeQμaHza citþminjab´j&rç

ehtuenaH eTIbeQμaHza citþminjab´j&rç EdlminbegÁan

‘11’ citþ EdlmansTÆaEzrkSa rEmgminjab´j&r edayvtæú

x¢ilRcGUs eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbeQμaHza citþminjab´j&rç

RcGUs eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbeQμaHza citþminjab´j&rç

citþ

«TÆiviZnieTÞs

‘10’ citþ EdlmanGarmμN¾EtmYy rEmgminjab´j&r eday

eBalehIyza bT 8 .

‘4’

364

‘15’ citþ EdlmanbJ¦aEzrkSa rEmgminjab´j&redayGviC¢a eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbeQμaHza citþminjab´j&rç ‘16’ citþ EdlPøWsVag rEmgminjab´j&r edayggwtKWGviC¢a eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbeQμaHza citþminjab´j&rç TaMgenH CamUl 16 rbs´b\TÆi EtgRbRBwtþeTA edIm|I:nnUvb\TÆi edIm|I:ncMeBaHnUvb\TÆi edIm|IkareZVIoEbøkénb\TÆi

edIm|IbgØÚreTAénb\TÆi


visuTÆimK< ERb

365

366

«TÆiviZnieTÞs

edIm|IPaBénkarsÞat´kñúgb\TÆi edIm|IesckþIekø{vkøakñúgb\TÆi ‘1’³ dUecñH .

GZidðanenaH citþ EdlmanQanCaTItaMg mannimitþCaGarmμN¾ç citþ

esckþIenH TukCaseRmcehIy edaybTza ²ÉvM smaZiet

kñúgbrikmμTaMgLay manmnusScMnYn100 CaGarmμN¾ ßmanmnusS

cietþ³ dUecñHCaedIm k*BitEmnehIy . EtebITukCadUecñaH elak:n

cMnYn 1ç000 CaGarmμN¾ . EtGarmμN¾TaMgenaH ekItman eday

eBalehIy mþgeT[t edIm|IsMEdgnUvPaBénQanTaMgLay man

GMNacénBN( minEmnedayGMNacénbJ¦tþieT. sUm|IGZidðancitþ

bfmCÄanCaedIm CaPUmi Ca:T CabT nig CamUlénb\TÆi . cMENk

k*y¨agdUecñaHEdr KWmanmnusScMnYn100 CaGarmμN¾ ß manmnusS

n&yxagedIm Can&ymkehIy kñúgRBHsURtTaMgLay . n&yenH

cMnYn 1ç000 CaGarmμN¾ . GZidðancitþenaH CacitþEtmYybu¨eNÑaH

mkehIy kñúgbdismÖiTa . elakeBaln&yenH mþgeT[t edIm|IkMuo

RbkbedayrU:vcrctutæCÄan rEmgekIteLIg bnÞab´GMBIeKaRtPUcitþ

P&nþRcLM kñúgsURtTaMgBIr dUecñHk*:n .

dUcCaGb|nacitþ EdlelakeBalehIy kñúgkalmun . BaküÉNa EdlelakeBalehIy kñúgbdismÖiTaza ²edayRbRktI Pikú¡EtmYy

‘GZidðanedayjaN’ ‘239’ ÉBaküza ²jaeNn GZidðhenþa³ esckþIza k*ÉRBH eyaKIenHenaH luHjúaMgZm(TaMgLayenH EdlCaPUmi Ca:T CabT nig CamUl énb\TÆi osMercehIy k*cUlQanmanGPiJ¦aCaTItaMg ecjehIy zaebIR:zñamnusS 100 nak´ eZVIbrikmμ za ²GatμaGj cUrCamnusS 100 nak´ç GatμaGj cUrCamnusS 100 nak´³ dUecñH ehIy cUlQanmanGPiJ¦aCaTItaMgmþgeT[t ecjehIyGZidðan . RBmTaMgcitþGZidðanhñwgÉg Pikú¡enaH nwgekItCamnusS 100 nak´ . n&ysUm|IkñúgmnusS 1ç000 nak´CaedIm k*n&yenHEdr . RbsinebI ‘eZVI’ y¨agenH min:nsMerc RBHeyaKI RtUveZVIbrikmμmþgeT[tehIy júaMgQanosMerc Gs´var; 2 dg ecjehIy GZidðank*:n . eRBaHkñúgGdðkzasMyutþnikay elakeBalehIyza ²RBHeyaKIcUl ‘Qan’ Gs´var;mYydg Gs´var;BIrdg k*KYr³ dUecñH . 1- suÇ xuÇ

KaKTI 71 TMB&rTI 266 .

kñúgkar

rUbeT Etnwkcg´o:neRcInrUb KWnwkoeTACamYyryrUbkþI mYyBan´ rUbkþI mYymWunrUbkþI luHnwkcg´ehIy k*GZidðanedayjaNza; sUm oGatμaGjmanrUbeRcIn Pikú¡enaH k*:nrUbeRcIn dUcCaRBHculøbnæk d*manGayu ‘1’ ³ dUecñHç

sUm|IkñúgBaküEdlelakeBalehIy kñúg

bdismÖiTaenaH Baküza ²nwkrMBwg³ elakeBalehIy edayGMNac énbrikmμhñwgÉg . Baküza ²luHnwkehIy k*GZidðan edayjaN³ KWelakeBalehIy edayGMNacénjaNkñúgGPiJ¦a . eRBaHehtu enaH bNÐitKb|IRCabesckþI kñúgBaküza GZidðanedayjaNenaH y¨agdUecñHza ²RBHeyaKI nwkcg´o:neRcInrUb bnÞab´GMBIenaH cUl smabtþi

kñúgTIbMputénbrikmμcitþTaMgenaH

ecjGMBIsmabtþiehIy

nwkmþgeT[tza ²sUmoGatμaGjmanrUbeRcIn³ dUecñHehIy GZidðan edayGPiJ¦ajaN 1- suÇ xuÇ

EtmYybu¨eNÑaH

KaKTI 71 TMB&rTI 269 .

ekIteLIgehIy

kñúglMdab´


visuTÆimK< ERb

367

368

«TÆiviZnieTÞs

éncitþEdlCabuBVPaK bI ß bYn EdlRbRBwtþeTA bnÞab´GMBIGavC¢n-

ehIyTUlza ²bBiRtRBHezr;d*cMerIn kñúgézáEsÁk sUmelakm©as´

citþenaH

edayGMNacénkar

naMykPikú¡500 Gg< mYyGenøIedayRBHmanRBHPaK TTYlcgØan´ kñúg

júaMgcitþosMerc³ dUecñH. cMENkBaküNaEdlelakeBalehIy

pÞHeyIgxM\ú³ . ÉRBHezr; :nTTYlnimnþehIy edayBaküza ²Gatμa

za dUcCaRBHculøbnæk d*manGayuç BaküenaH elakeBalehIy

TTYlnimnþsMrab´Pikú¡d*ess:n elIkElgEtRBHculøbnæk³ . RBH

edIm|IsMEdgnUvkayCabnÞal´ énPaBmancMENkeRcIn . bu¨EnþBakü

culøbnæk QrERskyMEk|rexøagTVarç RBHmanRBHPaK TtRBHenRt

enaH bNÐitKb|IsMEdgedayer]g .

eXIjedayTiBVckú¡ehIy RTg´yagcUleTArkRBHculøbnæk Rtas´za

Edl:neQμaHza

GZidðan‘jaN’

‘er]gRBHculøbnæk’

²eRBaHehtuGVI:nCaGñkyM/³ . elak:nRkabTUler]genaHehIy.

‘240’ :n»mkza bgbÚÁnBIrnak´enaH :neQμaHza bnæk; bNþabgbÚÁnTaMgBIrnak´

mineQμaHza CaGñkGPBV kñúgsasna éntzaKteTç EnPikú¡ cUrGñk

elakbYsehIy k*:nsMercnUv

kMuesayesakeLIy³ ehIyRTg´cab´RBHculøbnækenaH Rtg´edIméd

eRBaHPav;énxøÜnCaGñkekItehIykñúgpøÚv . enaH bgeQμaHza mhabnæk; .

RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´za ²Pikú¡GñkminGac edIm|IeZVIkarsVaZüay

RBHGrhtþ RBmTaMgbdismÖiTaTaMgLay luH:nCaRBHGrhnþehIy

ehIyyagcUleTAkan´vihar

k*:nbMbYsculøbnæk; :nonUvKazaenH za ;

edayb\TÆi ehIyRTg´ENnaMza ²h¾Pikú¡ GñkkalQøInUvkMNat´sMBt´

cUrGñkemIlnUvRBHGg<Irs EdlkMBugEtruger]g dUcCap,a QUk EdlmankøinRkGUb CaTIrIkrayénstVknøg´ man køinmineTAR:sehIy kñúgeBlRBwky¨agdUecñaHç cUrGñk emIlnUvRBHGg<Irs EdlPøWsVag eRb[bdUcCaRBHGaTitü EdlkMBugEtruger]g BÆd*Gakas dUecñaH . RBHculøbnækenaH minGacedIm|IeZVIKazaenaHosÞat´:n eday 4 Ex . RKaenaH RBHezr; :nbeNþjRBHculøbnækenaH ecjBIvtþ

RTg´nimμit

nUvcMENkénkMNat´sMBt´

enH cUreZVInUvkarsVaZüay o:njy> za ²kMNat´sMBt´CaeRK]g naMmknUvZUlI>³ . kalRBHculøbnækenaH eZVIy¨agdUecñaHç kMNat´ sMBt´enaH :nkøayeTACamanBN(exμAehIy . RBHculøbnæenaH:n cMeBaHnUvesckþIsMKal´za ²sMBt´ brisuTÆlÁç eTas kñúgsMBt´enH minmaneTç EtenHCaeTasrbs´ragkay³ dUecñHehIy cuHkan´jaN kñúgxnÆ 5 cMerInvibsSnaehIy k*:njúaMgjaNodl´nUvTICit én eKaRtPUjaN edayGnuelamjaN . RKaenaH RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´nUvOPasKaza dl´RBHculøbnæk za ;

edayBaküza ²GñkCabuK<lGPBV kñúgsasna³ . k*kñúgkalenaH

raK; tzaKtoeQμaHza ZUlIç EtlMGg tzaKtmin

RBHezr; CaPtþúeTÞsk¾ .

ehAza ZUlIeTç Baküza lMGgenaH CaeQμaHénraK;

eBTüeQμaH CIvk;

cUleTAKal´RBHezr;


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buK<lTaMgLayNalHbg´nUvZUlIKWraK;enaH:nehIy buK<lTaMgLayenaH CabNÐit manenA kñúgsasna rbs´tzaKt EdlmanZUlIeTAR:sehIy .

eTas; tzaKtoeQμaHza ZUlIç EtlMGgtzaKt minehAza ZUlIeTç BaküzaZUlIenaHCaeQμaHéneTas;ç buK<lTaMgLayNalHbg´ZUlIKWeTas;enaH:nehIy buK<lTaMgLayenaH CabNÐit manenA kñúgsasna rbs´tzaKt EdlmanZUlIeTAR:sehIy . emah; tzaKtoeQμaHza ZUlIç EtlMGgtzaKt minehAza ZUlIeTç BaküzaZUlIenaHCaeQμaHénemah;ç buK<lTaMgLayNalHbg´ZUlIKWemah;enaH:nehIy buK<lTaMgLayenaH CabNÐit manenA kñúgsasna rbs´tzaKt EdlmanZUlIeTAR:sehIy .

370

«TÆiviZnieTÞs k*kalRBHd*manRBHPaK esþcyagecjGMBIvtþ

RBHbnæk :nnimitþ nUvGtþPaB Gs´var; KMrb´mYy Ban´ Kg´enAkñúgvtþGm¬v&n CaTIKYrrIkray drabdl´ eBlRbkasPtþkal . lMdab´enaH bursenaH eTAehIy eXIjnUvGaramEdlmanBnøW EtmYy edaysMBt´kasav;TaMgLaymkehIyRkabTUlza ²bBiRt RBHGg<d*cMerIn GarameBjehIy edayPikú¡TaMgLayç x\úMRBHGg< min dwgza; elakm©as´enaH etIGg<NaeT³ . lMdab´enaH RBHmanRBH PaK RTg´Rtas´nwgbursenaHza ²GñkcUreTA GñkeXIjnUvPikú¡Gg<Na muneK cUrcab´nUvPikú¡Gg<enaH Rtg´CaycIBr ehIyeBalza; RBH sasþa RTg´Rtas´ehAelak dUecñHehIy naMmk³ . bursenaH eTA ehIy :ncab´Rtg´CaycIBr rbs´RBHezr;Etmþg . xN;enaHÉg Pikú¡EdlelaknimiμtTaMgGs´ k*:t´Gs´ehIy .

RBHezr; bJ¢Ún

‘241’ kñúgkalCaTIbMputénRBHKaza elakutþrZm( 9 Edl

bursenaHeTAvijehIy edayBaküza ²cUrGñkeTAcuH³ ehIysMerc

manbdismÖiTa 4 nig GPiJ¦a 6 Cabrivar :ntaMgenAehIy kñúgéd

srIrkic©mankarlagmuxCaedImeRscehIy k*nimnþeTAmun ehIyKg´

rbs´RBHculøbnækenaHEmnBit . kñúgézáTIBIr RBHsasþa RBmTaMg

elIGasn; EdlbuK<lRkalehIy .

Pikú¡sg¹ RTg´:nesþcyageTAkan´pÞHeBTüeQμaHCIvk; . RKaenaH kñúgeBlCaTIbMputénTwkCaeRK]gcMerIn

kalebIRKUeBTü

eQμaHCIvk

RbeKnyaKUç RBHsasþaRTg´biT:Rt edayRBHhtþ . RKUeBTüCIvk TUlsYrza ²bBiRtRBHGg<d*cMerIn etIy¨agdUcemþc/³ .

RBHGg<RTg´

Baküza

²dUcRBHculøbnæk

d*manGayu³

elakeBalehIy

sMedAyker]gb\TÆienH edayRbkardUecñH . Pikú¡TaMgLayenaHÉNa EdlGñkmanb\TÞi nimμitehIy kñúger]g EdleBalmkenaHç

Pikú¡TaMgenaH

k*dUcKñaebHbiTnwgPikú¡Gñkmanb\TÆi

Rtas´za ²kñúgvtþ manPikú¡mYyrUb³ . eBTüCIvkenaH bJ¢ÚnnUvburs

nu@HÉg eRBaHelaknimiμtehIyminkMNt´ . Pikú¡Gñkmanb\TÆiTaMgLay

eTAedayBaküza ²cUrGñkeTAnimnþykelakm©as´ mko:nqab´³ .

eZVInUvkic©Na> kñúg«riyabzTaMgLay manQr nigGg<úyCaedImkþI


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«TÆiviZnieTÞs

kñúgGakar;TaMgLay mankarniyaysþI nig PaBenAesá{mCaedImkþI

nUvkarsVaZüay nwgsYrnUvbJØa³ dUecñHkþI ehIyKit edayesckþI

Pikú¡EdlelaknimiμtehIy k*eZVInUvkiriyaenaH> dUcKña . RbsinNa

R:zñatic za ²viharenH manPikú¡ticç ebIbuK<lBYkxøH nwgmk nwg

ebI Pikú¡Gñkmanb\TÆi R:zñacg´eZVIPikú¡EdlelaknimiμtehIyTaMgLay

nwkza;

omansm|úrepSg> Kñaç BYkxøH fitenAkñúgbfmv&yç BYkxøH fitenA

mYyrUb nwgmanmkBINaç enHCaGanuPaBénRBHezr;edayBit dUecñH

kñúgmCÄimv&yç BYkxøHfitenAkñúgbcäimv&yç m¨üageT[t Pikú¡Gñkmanb\TÆi

ehIy nwgdwgnUvGatμaGj³ dUecñHkþI ehIyR:zñaza ²GatμaGj Ca

R:zñacg´eZVIPikú¡EdlelaknimiμtehIyTaMgLay omansk´Evg o

buK<lmñak´ kñúgcenøaHEmnBit³ dUecñH Kb|IcUlQan EdlCaTItaMg

mank|alRtegalmYycMeh[g

omancIBr

ecjehIy eZVInUvbrikmμza ²sUmoGatμaGjmanrUbEtmYy³ dUecñH

manBN(RkhmBak´kNþal omancIBrBN(el]g kMBugeZVIkic©kar

ehIy cUlQanmþgeT[t ecjehIyKb|IGZidðanza ²sUm|IoGatμa

epSg> Kña mansUZünUvbT GZib|ayZm( sUZüedaysMeLg sYr

GjmanrUbEtmYy³ . Pikú¡enaHk*manrUbEtmYy CamYyKñanwgGZidðan

nUvbJØa edaHRsaynUvbJØa nig Gb´:Rt edrcIBr RClk´cIBr Ca

citþhñwgÉg . EtPikú¡enaH kalmineZVIy¨agenH xøÜnÉg k*CabuK<lEt

edIm ßza CaGñkR:zñacg´eZVIPikú¡EdlelaknimμitehIyTaMgLaydéT

mñak´EmnBit edayGMNacénkalEdlxøÜnkMNt´ehIyy¨agNa .

eT[t omanRbkarepSg>ç Pikú¡Gñkmanb\TÆienaH ecjcakQanEdl

‘GaviPav:diharü tieraPav:diharü’

omansk´s,Úvr:y

Pikú¡TaMgLayenH

mancMnYnbu¨eNÑH

EtR:kdesμIedayPikú¡

CaTItaMgehIy Kb|IeZVIbrikmμ edayn&yza ²Pikú¡manRbmaNbu¨eNÑH

‘242’ kñúgBaküza ²GaviPavM tieraPavM³ enH Kb|IRCabesckþI

cUrCaGñkbfmv&y³ dUecñHCaedIm cUlsmabtþimþgeT[t ecjehIy

enHza ²Pikú¡Gñkmanb\TÆi eZVIomanPaBkñúgTIRsLH eZVIomanPaBkñúg

eTIbGZidðan . Pikú¡EdlelaknimiμtehIyTaMgLayenaH k*nwg:n

TIxageRkA³ . EmnBit RBHsarIbuRt sMedAykkareZVInUvGaviPav;

dUcCaelakGñkmanb\TÆiR:zñaehIyRKb´Rbkar CamYynwgGZidðancitþ

nig tieraPav;enHÉg eTIbeBalkñúgbdismÖiTa za ²bTza GaviPavM

y¨agenaHÉg . n&y kñúgbTTaMgLaymanbTza ²sUm|ImanrUbeRcIn

esckþIza ‘eZVIo’ CaTIEdlvtæúGVImYyminraMg minbiT:Mg CaTIval

k*rYmmkEtrUbmYyvij:n³ dUecñHCaedIm k*n&yenHEdr .

CaTIc|as´las´ .

k*bu¨Enþn&y

viess mandUcteTAenH .

vtæúGVImYyraMg :Mg biT RKbehIy ‘1’ ³ dUecñH .

‘ÉkPav:diharü’ Pikú¡enH luHnimμit oeTACamnusSeRcInnak´ y¨agenHehIy Kit za ²sUmoGatμaGj manrUbEtmYyvij mþgeT[t

bTza tieraPavM esckþIza ‘eZVIo’CaTIEdlman

nwgc®g,m nwgeZVI

‘GaviPav:diharü’ kñúg:diharüBIrenaH 1- suÇ xuÇ

Pikú¡Gñkmanb\TÆienH

KaKTI 71 TMB&rTI 270 .

manbMNgcg´eZVI nUv


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«TÆiviZnieTÞs

GaviPav:diharü eZVInUvTIggwtomanBnøWkþI eZVInUvTIkM:MgoCaTIval

cMENk rhUtdl´RBhμelak . k*esckþIenH bNÐitKb|IsMEdgo

kþI eZVInUvTIminmanrgVg´ oCaTImanrgVg´kþI . etIeZVIy¨agdUcemþc / .

Cak´c|as´ edaykalCaTIyagcuHcakeTvelak .

EmnBit Pikú¡Gñkmanb\TÆienH R:zñaedIm|InwgeZVInUvxøÜn ß nUvbuK<ldéT

:n»mkza RBHd*manRBHPaK RTg´eZVInUvymk:diharüehIy

edayRbkarEdlxøÜn ß buK<ldéT sUm|IRtUvbiT:MgehIykþI sUm|I

RTg´edaHnUvBYkstVcMnYn 84ç000 ecjBIcMNgehIy RTg´rMBwgza

fitenAehIy kñúgTIqáaykþI k*emIleXIj:nEdr ecjBIQanEdl

²kñúgkalCaTIbMputénymk:diharü GtItBuTÆTaMgLay RTg´esþc

CaTItaMgehIy BicarNa eZVIbrikmμ za ²TIggwtenH cUrkøayeTACa

yageTAkñúgTINa³ dUecñHehIy RTg´:nTteXIjza ²GtItBuTÆTaMg

TImanBnøW³ dUecñHpg za ²TIkM:MgenH cUrkøayeTACaTIval³ dUecñHpg

Ly RTg´esþcyageTAkan´tavtigSBiPB³ . RKaenaH semþcRBHd*

za ²TIminmanvgVg´enH cUrkøayeTACaTImanrgVg´³ dUecñHpg ehIy

manRBHPaK RTg´Can´épÞEpndI edayRBH:Tm¡ag RBH:TTIBIr RTg´

eTIbGZidðan tamn&yEdlelakeBalehIyhñwgÉg . RBmCamYy

RbtisðanelIPñMyuKnÆr RTg´elIkRBH:TmunmþgeT[t ehIIyRTg´Can´

nwgGZidðancitþ karGZidðan k*:nsMerc dUcEdlelak:nGZidðan

kMBUlPñMsienru RTg´yagcUleTAcaMRBHvsSa elIépÞénzμmNÐúkm¬l

ehIyEtmþg . CnTaMgLayGñkdéT sUm|IfitenAehIy kñúgTIqáay

kñúgPBtavtigSenaH RTg´R:rBÆsMEdgGPiZmμkza dl´BYkeTvtamYy

k*emIleXIj:n . sUm|IxøÜnÉg R:zñacg´eXIj k*eXIj:nEdr .

EsncRkvaL EdlmkRbCMuKñaehIy cab´epþImGMBIedIm ehIyRTg´

sYrza ² cuH:diharüenH GñkNaZøab´eZVIehIy/ ³ .

eqøIyza

nimμitnUvBuTÆnimμit .

BuTÆnimμitenaH sMEdgRBHZm( ‘CMnYsRBHGg<’ .

²RBHmanRBHPaK Zøab´eZVIehIy³ . EmnBit RBHd*manRBHPaK RtUv

RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´esayeQIsÞn´Cavikar;énvløimøÚéRB RTg´Rsb´

nagculøsuPTÞa TUlnimnþehIy kalesþcyageTAkan´Rkugsaekt

RBHP®kþ kñúgGenattþRsH RTg´TTYlnUvbiNÐ:t kñúgBYkCnGñkenA

Gs´ry;pøÚv 7 eyaCn¾ GMBITIRkugsavtæI edaypÞHkMBUl500 Edl

kñúgótþrkuruTVIb RTg´esaycgØan´ enAEk|reqñrGenattþRsH . RBH

visSkmμeTvbuRtnimíμtzVay RTg´GZidðanehIy dUcEdlBYkCnGñkenA

sarIbutetær nimnþeTAzVaybgM<RBHmanRBHPaK kñúgTIenaH . RBHman

kñúgRkugsaekt emIleXIj nUvBYkCnGñkenAkñúgRkugsavtæI:n nig

RBHPaK RTg´RbTannUvn&y dl´RBHezr; za ²enAkñúgézáenH tzaKt

dUcEdlBYkCnGñkenAkñúgRkugsavtæI

sMEdgnUvRBHZm( manRbmaNbu¨eNÑHehIy³ .

emIleXIj

nUvBYkCnGñkenA

RBHd*manRBHPaK

kñuúgRkugsaekt:n y¨agenaHÉg . RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´yagcuH

RTg´sMEdg nUvGPiZmμkza mindac´ry; rhUt 3 Ex y¨agenHÉg .

Rtg´kNþalnKrEtmþg

BYkeTvta 80 ekadi :nRtas´dwgZm( eRBaHsþab´GPiZmμkzaenaH .

ehIyRTg´sMEdg

TMlaynUvEpndI

CaBIr

cMENk rhUtTl´GvicInrk nig RTg´EvkbgØaj nUvGakas CaBIr

cMENkBYkbris&T RbmaN 12 eyaCn¾ EdlmkRbCMuKñaehIy kñúg


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«TÆiviZnieTÞs

ézásMEdgymkb|adiharü :nKitKña za ²BYkeyIg nwgCYbnUvRBH

zVaybgM<nUvRBHTsBlehIy cuHmktampøÚvEdlelaknimnþmkhñwg

manRBHPaK

k*:ne:HCMMrM

Ég :ndl´sMNak´ énmnusSTaMgLayehIy . kñúgkalCaTIeTA

:nbMerIBYkCnenaH

nig kalCaTImkenaHÉg RBHezr; :nGZidðanolμmEtmnusSTaMg

fitenAehIy

CamunsinehIyswmeTA³ .

dUecñHehIy

ÉculøGnazbiNÐikesdðIvij

edaybc©&yRKb´Ebby¨ag .

LayeXIjnUvelak:n . RBHmhaemaK<løanetær :neZVI:diharü

mnusSTaMgLay :nGgVrnUvRBHGnuruTÆetær edIm|Io:ndwgza

EdlmanPaBR:kdenH kñúgTIenHmun . RBHezr;enaH nimnþmkehIy

²RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Kg´enAkñúgTINa³ . RBHezr; cMerInGaelak-

y¨agenH :nR:b´nUvdMNwgenaH ehIyeBalza ²GñkTaMgLaykMueZVI

ksiN :neXIjRBHmanRBHPaKEdlcUleTAKg´caMRBHvsSa kñúg

esckþIsMKal´za qáayGVI luHTTYlTan:yRBwkrYcehIy cUrecj

PBtavtigSenaH edayTiBVckú¡ luHeXIjehIy k*:nR:b´ehIy .

eTA³ dUecñH .

BYkmnusSTaMgenaH GgVrRBHmhaemaK<løanetær edIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´

RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´R:b´esþceTvta RBHnamsk,; za

karzVaybgM< cMeBaHRBHmanRBHPaK . RBHezr; muCERCkmhaRbwfBI

²bBiRtmharaC kñúgézáEsÁk tzaKt nwgeTAkan´mnusSelak³ .

Rtg´kNþalénbris&ThwñgÉg ERCknUvPñMsienru RkabzVaybgM< nUv

esþceTvta Rtas´bg<ab´visSkmμeTvbuRtza ²En: kñúgézáEsÁk RBH

RBH:TTaMgLayénRBHmanRBHPaK ehIyegIb eT[b:TmUlénRBH

d*manRBHPaK esþcR:zñayageTAkan´mnusSelak cUrGñknimμit nUv

tzaKt ehIyRkabTUlBaküenH nwgRBHmanRBHPaKza ²bBiRtRBH

reb[bénCeNþIrTaMgLay 3

Gg<d*cMerIn BYkCnGñkenAkñúgCm¬ÚTVIb zVaybgM<RBH:Ta énRBHmanRBH

CaR:k´ CeNþIrmYyCaEkvmNI³ .

PaK niyayKñaza BYkeyIgxúM\ :neXIjehIyBit k*nwgeTAvij³

tamRBHtRmas´ehIy .

KW; CeNþIrmYyCamas

CeNþIrmYy

visSkmμeTvbuRtenaH :neZVI

dUecñH . RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´za ²mñalemaK<løan «LÚvenH

kñúgézáTIBIr RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Kg´enAelIkMBUlPñMsienru RTg´

etIRBHZmμesnabtI bgRbusrbs´Gñk enAkñúgTINa /³ . RBHmha

TtRBHenRtemIlnUvelakZatu kñúgTisxagekIt . EsnéncRkvaL

emaK<løanRkabTUlza ²bBiRtRBHGg<d*cMerIn enAkñúgsg,sSnKr³ .

TaMgLay minEtmYy CaTIRsLH R:kdehIy hak´bIdUcCaTIlan

RBHGg<RTg´Rtas´za ²mñalemaK<løan CnTaMgLayNa cg´eXIj

EtmYy . k*RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´TtRBHenRteXIjnUvTIRsLHTaMg

tzaKt CnTaMgenaH cUrmkkan´sg,sSnKr kñúgézáEsÁkç tzaKt

Gs´

nwgcuHkñúgsg,sSnKr kñúgézáEsÁk kñúgézáCaTIeBjénmhabvarNa

TisxageCIg Tisxagt|Úg k*RTg´TtRBHenRteXIjnUvTIRsLH TaMg

nig ézáóe:sz ³ .

Gs´y¨agdUecñaHEdr . sUm|ITisxageRkam k*RTg´TtRBHenRteXIj

RBHezr; RkabTUlza ²RbéBehIy RBHGg<³

edayTisxagekIt

y¨agNamijç

sUm|IedayTisxaglic


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«TÆiviZnieTÞs

rhUtdl´GvIcInrk TisxagelI rhUtdl´GknidðPBn¾ . :n»za

CaedIm :neZVInUvpøit omanmuxcuHeRkamehIy . TIenaH CaTIlan

ézáenaH :neQμaHza CaézáebIkelak . ÉmnusSTaMgLay eXIj

EtmYy rhUtdl´GvicInrk . bnÞab´enaH RBHezr; :neZVInUvpøit o

nUveTvtaTaMgLayç ÉeTvtaTaMgLay k*eXIjnUvBYkmnusSEdr .

manmuxeLIgelIehIy . TIenaH :nCaTIlanEtmYy rhUtdl´eTA

kñúgkareXIjKñaenaH mnusSTaMgLay min:c´egIyemIlmk xag

RBhμelak . RBHezr; sMEdgnUvZm( KMram edayP&ykñúgnrkpg

elIeT

lYgelam edayesckþIsuxkñúgfansYK(pg . Gñksþab´BYkxøH :n

eTvtaTaMgLay

k*min:c´OnemIlmkxageRkamEdr

TaMg

CaRBHesatabnñbuK<l BYkxøH :nCaRBHskTaKamI BYkxøH :nCa

Gs´Kña emIleXIjKñaeTAvijeTAmk cMeBaHmuxEtmþg . RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´yagcuH tamCeNþIr Cavikar;énEkvmNI Rtg´kNþalç BYkeTvtaCan´kamavcrsYK(TaMg 6 cuHtamCeNþIr Ca

RBHGnaKamI BYkxøH :nCaRBHGrhnþ edayRbkardUecñHÉg .

‘tieraPav:diharü’

vikar;énmas Rtg´xageqVgç suTÆavasRBhμTaMgLay nig mha

cMENkPikú¡GñkR:zñaedIm|IeZVInUv:diharüomanPaBCaxageRkA

RBhμTaMgLay cuHtamCeNþIr Cavikar;énR:k´ Rtg´EpñkxagsþaM .

rEmgeZVInUvTIvalRsLH oCaTIggwtxøH eZVInUvvtæúEdlminkM:Mg o

esþceTvta :nkan´yknUv:Rt nigcIBr . mhaRBhμ:nkan´yk

CavtæúEdlkM:MgxøH eZVInUvvtæúEdlmankñúgrgVg´ oCavtæúEdlminman

nUvesVtcäRt RbmaNbIeyaCn¾ . suyameTvbuRt :nkan´yknUv

kñúgrgVg´xøH . eZVIedayRbkardUcemþc/ . k*Pikú¡Gñkmanb\TÆienH man

pøitEdleZVIGMBIeramstV . bJ©six; buRtKnÆB :nkan´ykBiN

bMNgedIm|IeZVInUvxøÜn ß GñkdéT edayRbkarEdlxøÜn nig GñkdéT

manBN(el]g dUcCaEpøeBñATMu RbEvg 3 Kavut eZVInUvkarbUCa cMeBaH

minmanGVIbiT:MgkþI fitenAkñúgTICitkþI k*emIlmineXIjEdr ecjcak

RBHtzaKt cuHmk . eQμaHza stVEdleXIj nUvRBHmanRBHPaK

QanEdlCaTItaMgehIy k*nwkrMBwg eZVIbrikmμza ²TImanBnøWenH cUr

ehIy

min

eTACaTIggwt³ dUecñHkþI za ²TIEdlminbiT:MgenH cUreTACaTIbiT:Mg³

RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´:neZVInUv:diharü omanPav;

dUecñHkþI za ²TIEdlmankñúgrgVg´enH cUreTACaTIminmankñúgrgVg´³ dUecñH

minjúaMgesckþIR:zñaoekIteLIg

maneLIy .

edIm|IPaBCaRBHBuTÆ

kþI ehIyGZidðan tamn&yEdleBalmkehIynu@HÉg . RBmCamYy

kñúgTIRsLHenHehIy kñúgmhaRbCMuenaH . kñúg

nwgGZidðancitþ karGZidðank*:nsMerc dUcEdlelakGZidðanehIy

tm¬bNÑiTVIb Kg´kñúgRBHlanénectiy kñúgtisSmhavihar sMEdg

hñwgÉg . BYkCndéT sUm|IQrenAkñúgTICit k*emIlmineXIjEdr .

nUvGbNÑksURt za ²mñalPikú¡TaMgLay Pikú¡GñkRbkbehIy eday

cMENkxøÜnÉg minmanbMNgedIm|IeXIj k*emIlmineXIj .

mü¨ageT[t

RBHZmμTinñetær

GñkenAkñúgRsukeQμaHtLg<r

Zm(bIy¨ag eQμaHza CaGñkRbtibtþinUvesckþIRbtibtþiminxus³ dUecñH

sYrza ²cuHtieraPav:diharüenaH

etInrNa Zøab´eZVIehIy/³ .


visuTÆimK< ERb

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380

«TÆiviZnieTÞs

eqøIyza ²RBHmanRBHPaK³ . EmnBit RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´:neZVI

R:kd eQμaHza tieraPav:dihariy¾ ‘:dihariy¾kñúgTIxageRkA’ .

nUvyskulbuRt

edayRbkarEdlbita

kñúgcMeNam:dihariy¾TaMg 2 enaH b\TÆipg buK<lGñkmanb\TÆipg

rbs´elak emIlelakmineXIj . dUcKñaenaHEdr RBHmanRBHPaK

rEmgR:kdEmnBit kñúg:kdb|adihariy¾ . :kdb|adihariy¾enaH

RTg´eZVI nUvkarTTYlRBHmhakbinraC Gs´ry;pøÚv 120 eyaCn¾

Kb|IsMEdg edayymkb|adihariy¾ . EmnBit kñúgymkb|adi-

ehIyjúaMgRBHGg<otaMgenAs)b´ kñúgGnaKamiplpg júaMgGamatü

hariy¾enaH RBHtzaKt RTg´eZVInUvymkb|adihariy¾ kñúgTIenH min

mYyBan´nak´

kñúgesatabtþiplpg

TYeTA edaysav&kTaMgLayeT . :dihariy¾TaMg 2 R:kdehIy

ehIyRTg´eZVIoRBHnagGenaCaeTvIRBmTaMgRsIþCabrivar 1ç000 nak´

y¨agenHKW; KMnrePøIg RbRBwtþeTAGMBIRBHkayxagelI T-Twk RbRBwtþ

Edlyagmk tamlMdab´pøÚv rbs´RBHmhakbinraCenaH sUm|Imk

eTA GMBIRBHkayxageRkam .

EdlKg´kñúgTICitenaHÉg

rbs´RBHGg<

otaMgenAs)b´

dl´ehIy Gg<úyenAkñuúgTICit TtemIlmineXIj nUvRBHraCa RBm TaMgbris&Tç

kalebIRBHnageTvITUlza

etI

manb\TÆi minR:kdeT . G:kdb|adihariy¾enaH Kb|IsMEdg eday

RBHGg<TteXIjRBHraCaEdrßeT/³ RTg´Rtas´za ²etIRBHnagEsVg

mhaksURt nig RBhμnimnþniksURt . EmnBit kñúg:dihariy¾Edl

rkRBHraCaRbesIrCag ßk* EsVgrkxøÜnRbesIrCag/³ kalRBHnag

eBalkñúgsURtTaMgBIrenaH b\TÆiEtmüa¨g rbs´RBHmhak;d*manGayu

TUlza ²bBiRtRBHGg<d*cMerIn EsVgrkxøÜnRbesIrCag³ dUecñHehIy

nig rbs´RBHmanRBHPaK rEmgR:kdç buK<lGñkmanb\TÆi rEmgmin

RTg´Kg´ç eTIbRTg´sMEdgRBHZm( edayRbkarEdl ‘cb´Zm(eTsna

R:kdeT . smdUcCaelakeBalza ²luHcitþKhbtI Gg<úykñúg

ehIy’ RBHnageTvIRBmTaMg®sþI 1ç000 nak´ taMgenAs)b´ehIy

TId*smKYrehIy

kñúgesatabtþipl GamatüTaMgLay taMgenAs)b´ kñúgGnaKamipl

bBiRtelakd*cMerIn sUmRBHmhak;Cam©as´ sMEdgnUv«TÞi:diharü

RBHraCa taMgenAs)b´ kñúgRBHGrhtþ .

n&ymYyeT[t sUm|IRBH

CaZm(rbs´mnusSd*elIslub dl´x\úMkruNaoTan . RBHmhak;

mhinÞetær kaleZVIolμmEtRBHraCa TtmineXIjnUvCnd*essTaMg

eBalza mñalKhbtI ebIdUecñaH cUrGñkRkalsMBt´ótþrasg< RKb

Lay

elI:c´esμA BÆd*reb[g . citþKhbtI TTYlBakürbs´RBHmhak;

EdlmkCamYynwgRBHGg<

²bBiRtRBHGg<d*cMerIn

b\TÆiEtmüa¨g rEmgR:kd kñuúgG:kdb|adihariy¾ç buK<lGñk

kñúgézáEdlmkdl´tm¬bNÑTVIb

ehIy k*eQμaHza :neZVItieraPav:dihariy¾enH dUcKañEdr . müa¨gvijeT[t

:dihariy¾

EdlR:kdTaMgGs´

GaviPav:dihariy¾ ‘:dihariy¾kñúgTIval’ .

eQμaHza

:dihariy¾ Edlmin

k*eBaleTAnwgRBHmhak;

d*manGayu

dUecñHza

d*manGayuza RBHkruNa elakm©as´ ehIyk*RkalsMBt´ótþrasg< RKbelI:c´esμA BÆd*reb[g . lMdab´enaH RBHmhak;d*manGayu cUleTAkan´vihar cak´KnøwHTVarehIy

k*tak´EtgnUv«TÆaPisg¡ar man


visuTÆimK< ERb

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382

«TÆiviZnieTÞs

sPaBdUecñaH bNþalomanGNþatePøIg ecjeTAtamRbehagkUn

²mineTIsTak´³ ERbza minCab´CMBak´ .

esapg tamcenøaHTVarpg eqHnUvesμATaMgLay EtmineqHnUvótþra-

Gakaes³ ERbza dUcCaeTA BÆd*Gakas .

sg<eLIy ‘1’ ³ .

ebIPikú¡Gñkmanb\TÆi

Baküza

R:zñacg´eTAy¨agenH

²esyüzabi

cUlGakask,siN

sURtmYyeT[tza RBHd*manRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´za ²mñalPikú¡

ecjehIy BicarNanwkeTACJ¢aMg ß kMEBg ßk* kñúgcMeNamPñM

TaMgLay RKaenaHÉg tzaKtnimμitþnUv«TÆaPisg¡armansPaBdUecñaH

sienru nig PñMcRkvaL PñMNamYyk*:n eZVIbrikmμehIy Kb|IGZidðan

za RBhμ nig RBhμbris&T RBmTaMgRBhμ:risC¢a o»EtsMeLg

za ²sUmoRbeTsn@uHeTACaGakas³ . TIenaH k*køayeTACaGakas

rbs´tzaKtbu¨eNÑaH Etmin:neXIjnUvtzaKteLIy³ dUecñHehIy

Pñam . kalebIGñkmanb\TÆi R:zñacg´cuHeTAxageRkamkþI R:zñacg´

RTg´:t´RBHGg<eTAehIy RTg´:nRtas´nUvRBHKazaenH za ;

eLIgeTAxagelIkþI k*manRbehag ‘ebIko’ . sMrab´Gñkmanb\TÆi R:zñacg´TMluHehIyeTA EtgmanRbehag . Gñkmanb\TÆienaH eTA

tzaKteXIjP&ykñúgPBpg eXIjnUvBYkstVEdlkMBug EsVgrknUvPBpg

ehIymin:neBalsresIr

kñúgRbehagenaH mineTIsTak´eLIy .

KWmin

EsVgrkPBNamYy TaMgminRbkan´ nUvesckþIeRtkGr ‘kñúgPB’ eLIy

‘2’

cMENkRBHtibidkcULaPyetær eBalehIykñúgkareZVI:diharü

³ .

enHza ²mñalGavuesaTaMgLay karcUlGakask,siN manGVICa RbeyaCn¾ ‘manGVICaGanisgS’ buK<lGñkmanb\TÆi R:zñaedIm|Inimμit

‘edIrTMluHvtæúbiT:MgmanCJ¢aMgCaedIm:n’ ‘243’ bNÐit Kb|IRCabesckþIvinicä&y kñúg:diharüenH za ²buK<lGñkmanb\TÆi edIr ‘TMluH’ eTAkan´TIeRkACJ¢aMg TIeRkAkMEBg TIeRkAPñM mineTIsTak´ dUceKedIrkñúgGakas³ dUcteTAenH . bTza

²tierakuDÐM³ ERbza xageRkACJ¢aMg . GZib|ayza

nUvrUbepSg> manrUbdMrI nig esHCaedIm k*cUlksiNmandMrI nig esHCaedIm ERkgPav;CaGñksÞat´CMnaj kñúgsmabtþi 8 eRBaHeZVI nUvbrikmμ kñúgksiNNamYyenaHÉg CaRbmaNç GñksÞat´CMnaj kñúgsmabtþi 8 R:zñavtúæGVI> vtúæenaH> k*sMercÉgminEmneTß/ ³ .

cMENkxageRkAénCJ¢aMg . kñúgbTTaMgLayÉeT[tk*n&yenHEdr .

Pikú¡TaMgLay eBalza ²bBiRtelakd*cMerIn

ÉBaküza ²CJ¢aMg³ enH KWCaeQμaHénCJ¢aMgpÞH . bTza ²kMEBg³

Ég mkehIykñúg:lI eRBaHehtuenaH karcUlGakask,siNenaH

KWkMEBgCuMvijénTITaMgLaymanpÞH vihar nigRsukCaedIm .

Kb|IeBaledayBit³ .

²PñM³ :ndl´ PñMEdlsuTÆEtGacm¾dI ß PñMEdlsuTÆEtzμ . 1- suÇ sMÇ KaKTI36

bTza bTza

TMB&rTI 193 . 2-suÇ PaKTI22 TMB&rTI 373 .

Gakask,siNhñwg

enHCa:lI kñúgGakask,siNenaHza ;

²Pikú¡Gñk:nnUvsmabtþi manGakask,siNCaGarmμN¾ eday RbRktI Etgnwkcg´eTAkan´TIxageRkACJ¢aMg

TIxageRkAkMEBg TIxag


visuTÆimK< ERb

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«TÆiviZnieTÞs

eRkAPñM luHnwkcg´ehIy k*GZidðanedayjaNza sUmoRbeTsnu@H

karmuCcuHeTAkñúgEpndIk*:n³ enHdUcteTA . kareRkakeLIg elak

eTACaGakas³ dUecñHç TIenaH k*:neTACaGakasç

Pikú¡enaH k*edIr

ehAza karegIbeLIg . karliccuH elakehAzakarmuCcuH . kar

‘TMluH’ eTAkan´TIxageRkACJ¢aMg TIxageRkAkMEBg TIxageRkAPñM min

egIbeLIgpg karmuCcuHpg eQμaHza karegIbeLIg nig karmuCcuH .

eTIsTak´ dUcBYkmnusSEdlminmanb\TÆi edayRbRktI kaledIreTA

Pikú¡GñkR:zñaedIm|InwgeZVIy¨agenH cUlGae:ksiNehIyecj Kb|I

minCab´CMBak´ kñúgTIEdlminmanvtæúGVImYy raMg biT:MgeLIyç ÉPikú¡

eZVIbrikmμkMNt´za ²EpndI kñúgTImanRbmaNbu¨eNÑH cUreTACaTwkcuH³

Edlmanb\TÆi dl´ehIy nUvkarsÞat´CMnaj kñúgcitþenaH EtgedIr

ehIy Kb|IGZidðan tamn&yEdl:neBalehIyhñwgÉg . CamYy

‘TMluH’ eTAkan´TIxageRkACJ¢aMg TIxageRkAkMEBg TIxageRkAPñM min

nwgkarGZidðan

eTIsTak´ dUcCaeKedIreTA kñúgGakas y¨agenaHÉg ‘1’ ³ .

CaTwkvij . Pikú¡enaHeZVInUvkaregIbeLIgnigkarmuCcuHkñúgdIenaH:n .

dIkñúgTIEdlelakkMNt´ehIyy¨agNa

k*:neTA

sYrza ²RbsinebIPikú¡enaH GZidðanehIy kMBugEtedIreTAç PñMkþI

:lI kñúgGae:ksiNenaHdUecñHza ²Pikú¡Edl:nnUvsmabtþi

edImeQIkþI puseLIgkñúgcenøaHç Pikú¡Kb|IcUlehIy GZidðanmþgeT[t

manGae:ksiNCaGarmμN¾ edayRbRktI Etgnwkcg´edk kñúgdI

ß/³ . eqøIyza ²minmaneTaseT³ . eRBaHza karcUlsmabtþi

luHnwkehIy k*GZidðan edayjaNza ²sUmo‘EpndIRtg´enH’ eTA

ehIyGZidðanmþgeT[t CakarcUlRbEhlKñanwgkarTTYlnUvnisS&y

CaTwk³ dUecñHç TIenaH k*:neTACaTwkç

kñúgsMNak´énRBHóbCÄay¾ .

k*eRBaHPav;énPñMenaH Pikú¡enHGZidðan

kñúgEpndI dUcBYkmnusSEdlminmanb\TÆi edayRbRktI eZVInUvkaregIb

ehIyza ²PñMcUreTACaGakas³ dUecñH PñMk*:neTACaGakashñwgÉg .

muckñúgTwkç ÉPikú¡Edlmanb\TÆi dl´ehIynUvkarsÞat´CMnaj kñúgcitþ

k*BaküEdlza ²PñM ß edImeQI déTeT[t EdlsMercGMBIrdUv nwg duHeLIgkñúgcenøaH edaykMLaMgénkarGZidðan kñúgxagedIm rbs´Pikú¡ enaHÉg³ dUecñHenH minEmnCaehtuCaTItaMgeT . karnimμitdMbUgEdl Gñkmanb\TÆiNamYynimμitehIy Canimμitd*mankMLaMg . karnimμitxag eRkay Kb|IeTABÆd*xagelI ß xageRkam énTImanPñMCaedImenaH .

‘egIb nig muCkñúgEpndI:n’ bNÐit Kb|IRCabesckþI 1- suÇ

xuÇ

kñúg:diharüza

bdiÇ KaKTI 71 TMB&rTI 270 .

²karegIbeLIg nig

Pikú¡enaH k*eZVInUvkaregIbmuC

enaH EtgeZVInUvkaregIbmuC kñúgEpndI dUcCaeKegIbmuCkñúgTwk:n k* y¨agenaHÉg³ . mYyeT[t minEmnRKan´EtkaregIbeLIg nig muCcuH bu¨eNÑaHeTç buK<lGñkmanb\TÆi R:zñanUvkic©Na> kñúgkic©TaMgLaymanTwksMrab´ gUt

sMrab´lubmux

sMrab´e:kKk´

nUvPNÐ;CaedIm

k*eZVInUvkic©

enaH> :n . müa¨geT[t minEmnRtwmEtTwkbu¨eNÑaHeT kalebIPikú¡ Gñkmanb\TÆi R:zñanUvvtæúNa> sUm|IkñúgvtæúTaMgLay manTwkedaHzøa eRbg TwkXμMú nigs,rGMeBACaedIm

k*nwkBicarNanUvvtæúenaH> ehIy


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«TÆiviZnieTÞs

eZVIbrikmμza ²vtæúenHpg> cUreTACavtæúmanRbmaNbu¨eNÑHcuH³ dUecñH

dUecñHehIy Kb|IGZidðan tamn&yEdlelakeBalehIyhñwgÉg .

ehIyGZidðanç vtæúenaH k*:ndUcEdlelakGZidðanehIyhñwgÉg .

RBmCamYynwgkarGZidðan TwkkñúgTIEdlelakkMNt´ehIyy¨agNa

kalPikú¡Gñkmanb\TÆi dkecjehIy eZVIoeTACaPaCn¾ç TwkedaHzøa k*

k*eTACadIEmnBit .

Pikú¡Gñkmanb\TÆienaH k*edIrelIdIenaH .

rEmgeTACaTwkedaHzøaEmnBitç vtæúTaMgLay maneRbgCaedIm rEmg

enHKWCa:lI kñúgkarGZidðanenaHza ²Pikú¡:nnUvsmabtþi man

CavtæúmaneRbgCaedImEmnBitç Twk k*rEmgCaTwkEmnBit . kñúgTwk

bfvIksiNCaGarmμN¾ edayRbRktI Etgnwkcg´edIrelITwk luHnwk

enaH Pikú¡Gñkmanb\TÆienaH R:zñacg´TTwkenaHÉg eTIbTTwkç minR:zña

cg´ehIy k*GZidðan edayjaNza ²sUmo ‘TwkRtg´TIenH’ eTACa

cg´oTTwk k*minTTwkEdr . mYyeT[t EpndIenaH CaTwksMrab´Pikú¡

EpndI³ dUecñHç Twkk*eTACaEpndI Pikú¡enaHedIrelITwkminEbkZøay dUc

Gñkmanb\TÆiEtbu¨eNÑaH . CaEpndIsMrab´Cnd*essdEdl . kñúg

BYkmnusSminmanb\TÆi edayRbRktI edIrelIEpndIminEbkZøay y¨ag

EpndIRtg´enaH BYkmnusSsUm|ICaGñkezμIreCIg k*edIreTA:n EtgedIr

Naç ÉPikú¡Gñkmanb\TÆi dl´ehIynUvkarsÞat´CMnajkñúgcitþenaH edIr

eTA edayvahn;TaMgLaymanyanCaedImk*:n EtgeZVInUvkmμTaMg

eTAelITwkminEbkZøay dUceKedIrelIEpndI y¨agenaHÉg ‘1’ ³ .

Lay manksikmμCaedImk*:nEmnBit . RbsinNaebI Gñkman

minRtwmEtedIeTA:nbu¨eNÑaHeTç Pikú¡Gñkmanb\TÆi R:zñacg´:n

b\TÆienH R:zñaza ²‘dIRtg´enaH’ cUrCaTwk sMrab´mnusSTaMgLay

nUv«riyabzNa> k*eZVInUv«riybzenaH>:n . minRtwmEteZVITwko

enaHpgcuH³ dUecñHç k*eTACaTwkEmnBit . cMENkÉ TIEdlelak

eTACadI:nbu¨eNÑaHeTç sUm|IkñúgvtæúTaMgLay manEkvmNI mas PñM

kMNt´ehIyd*ess elIkElgEtTwk kñúgTITaMgLay mankÁm nig

nig edImeQICaedIm buK<lGñkmanb\TÆi R:zñavtæúNa> k*BicarNa

RtBaMgCaedImEdlmanenAtamRbRktI eRBaHknøgnUvkalEdlelak

nUvvtæúenaH> ehIyGZidðan tamn&yEdl:neBalehIyhñwgÉg .

kMNt´ehIy rEmgCadIdEdl .

vtúæTaMgenaH k*sMercdUcEdlelakGZidðanEmnBit . k*TwkenaH eTA

‘edIrelITwkminEbkZøay:n’

CadI sMrab´EtGñkmanb\TÆienaHbu¨eNÑaHeTç sMrab´Cnd*ess Kg´enA

‘244’ kñúg:diharüenHza ²edIrelITwkminEbkZøay:n³ enH

CaTwkdEdl . RtIGeNþIk nig stVTaMgLaymanstVEdlekItkñúg

manesckþIGZib|ayza ; buK<lCan´licehIynUvTwkNaç TwkenaH

TwkCaedIm Rtac´eTAepSg> Kña tamesckþIKab´citþ . k*RbsinebI

elakehAza TwkEbk . TwkpÞúyGMBIenH eQμaHzaTwkminEbk . ebI

buK<lGñkmanb\TÆienH

Pikú¡Gñkmanb\TÆi R:zñaedIm|IedIreTAy¨agenH cUlbfvIksiN ecj

TaMgLaydéTeT[t k*eZVI:nEmnBit .

ehIyeZVInUvbrikmμkMNt´za ²TwkkñúgTIRbmaNbu¨eNÑH cUreTACadIcuH³

1- suÇ

xuÇ

R:zñaedIm|IeZVITwkenaHoeTACadI

edIm|ImnusS

k*edaykarknøgkalEdl

bdiÇ KaKTI 71 TMB&rTI 272 .


visuTÆimK< ERb

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elak:nkMNt´ehIy TwkenaH k*eTACaTwkvijdEdl .

‘eTATaMgEPñnkñúgGakas:n’

388

«TÆiviZnieTÞs

dUcbkSIskuNCati y¨agenaHÉg ‘1’ ³ . cMENkPikú¡GñkR:zñaedIm|IeTABÆd*Gakas Kb|ICaGñk:nnUvTiBV

Baküza ²eTATaMgbløg,³ esckþIza eTATaMgEPñn:n . Bakü

ckú¡pgEdr . sYrza; eRBaHehtuGVI/ . eqøIøyza; ZmμCatiTaMgLay

za ²bkI¡ skueNa³ ERbzastVsøabEdlRbkbedaysøabTaMg2 .

manPñM nig edImeQICaedIm EdlekIteLIgedayGMNacrdUv k*man

k*Pikú¡Gñkmanb\TÆiR:zñaedIm|IeZVIy¨agenH

cUlbfvIksiNecjehIy

xøH kñúgcenøaH‘pøÚv’ç stVTaMgLay mannaK nig RKuDCaedIm kal

zaebIxøÜnGg<úyehIy R:zñaedIm|IeTA k*Kb|IkMNt´ nUvTImanEPñnCa

RcENn Etgnimμit edIm|IsMEdgdl´Gñkmanb\TÆiTaMgenaHxøH . sYrza

RbmaN eZVIbrikmμ ehIyGZidðan tamn&yEdlelakeBalehIy

cuHGñkmanb\TÆi eXIjnUvstVTaMgenaHehIy etIRtUveZVIdUcemþcEdr/ .

hñwgÉgç zaebIxøÜnedkehIy CaGñkR:zñaedIm|IeTA Kb|IkMNt´TIman

eqøIyza;

ERKCaRbmaN zaebIxøÜnCaGñkR:zñaedIm|IeTAedayeCIg Kb|IkMNt´

ecjehIy eZVIbrikmμ GZidðanza ²sUmovtæúenaHeTACaGakascuH³ .

TImanpøÚvCaRbmaN eZVInUvbrikmμ ehIyGZidðan tamn&yEdlelak

cMENkRBHezr; eBalza ²mñalGavuesaTaMgLay karcUl

buK<lGñkmanb\TÆi

Kb|IcUlsmabtþi

manQanCaTItaMg

Kb|IkMNt´TItamsmKYry¨ag

smabtþi manGVICaRbeyaCn¾ç ERkgcitþrbs´Pikú¡Gñkmanb\TÆienaH taMg

enHehIy GZidðanza ²Gakas cUreTACaEpndI³ dUecñH tamn&yEdl

enAmaMehIyEmnBitç Pikú¡Gñkmanb\TÆienaH GZidðannUvTINa> eday

elakeBalehIyEmnBit . CamYynwgkarGZidðan Gakas rEmg

citþenaHza ²cUreTACaGakas³ dUecñHç TIenaH> :neTACaGakasEmn

eTACadIvij . :lI kñúg:diharüenaH mandUcteTAenH ;

Bit minEmneTß/³ . RBHezr; eBalehIyy¨agenHk*BitEmnehIy

eBalehIyhñwgÉg

eRBaHehtuenaH

Baküza ²eTATaMgEPñnkñúgGakasdUcbkSIskuNCati³ esckþI za Pikú¡GñkEdl:nnUvsmabtþi manbfvIksiNCaGarmμN¾ eday

EtebITukCay¨agdUecñaH k*Kb|IRbtibtþi tamn&yEdl:neBalehIy kñúgtierakuDÐ:diharüÉeNaH .

RbRktI Etgnwkcg´edIrkñúgGakas luHnwkcg´ehIy k*GZidðan eday

müa¨geT[t Pikú¡enH Kb|ICaGñk:nnUvTiBVckú¡ edIm|IkiriyacuH kñúg

jaNza ²sUmoGakaseTACaEpndI³ dUecñH Gakask*eTACaEpndIç

TIEdlCaOkask*:n . eRBaHza Pikú¡enH zaebI cuHkñúgTIminEmnCa

Pikú¡enaH edIrkþI QrkþI Gg<úykIþ sigkþI kñúgGakasTeT:n dUcBYk

Okas CakMBg´sMrab´gUtkþI CaTVarénRsukkþI KWCaGñkR:kd dl´

mnusSEdlminmanb\TÆi edayRbRktI edIrkþI QrkþI Gg<úykþI edkkþI

mhaCn eRBaHehtuenaH Pikú¡enaH eXIj ‘nUvOkas’ edayTiBVckú¡

elIEpndI y¨agNaç ÉPikú¡Edlmanb\TÆi :ndl´ehIy nUvkarsÞat´

ehIy ev[rnUvTIminEmnCaOkas ehIycuHkñúgTIEdlCaOkas .

CMnaj

1- suÇ xuÇ bdiÇ

kñúgcitþenaH edIrkþI QrkþI Gg<úykþI

sigkþI

kñúgGakasTeT

KaKTI 71 TMB&rTI 272 .


visuTÆimK< ERb

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‘ykédsÞabGEgÁlRBHc&nÞnigRBHGaTitük*:n’ kñúg:diharüenHza ²ykédsÞabGEgÁl nUvRBHc&nÞ nig RBH GaTitüTaMgenH

Edlmanb\TÆieRcIny¨agenH

manGanuPaBeRcIny¨ag

enH³ manGZib|ayza; PaBénRBHc&nÞ nig RBHGaTitü manb\TÆieRcIn

390

«TÆiviZnieTÞs

minmanb\TÆi edayRbRktI Bal´sÞabGEgÁl nUvvtæúGVInImYy Carbs´ manrUb taMgenAkñúghtæ:s y¨agNaç

ÉPikú¡Gñkmanb\TÆi :ndl´

ehIynUvkarsÞat´CMnajkñúgcitþenaH CaGñkGg<úy ß sig ykédeTA Bal´sÞabGEgÁl nUvRBHc&nÞ nig RBHGaTitü k*y¨agenaHÉg .

bNiÐtKb|IRCab edaykiriyaRtac´eTA BÆd*xagelIEpndI Edlman

Pikú¡Edlmanb\TÆienHenaH zaebIR:zña edIm|IeTAsÞabGEgÁl ‘nUv

RbmaNCa 42ç000 eyaCn¾ç PaBénRBHc&nÞ nig RBHGaTitü man

RBHc&nÞ nigRBHGaTitü’ k*eTAsÞabGEgÁl:nç Etza ebICaGñkGg<úy

GanuPaBeRcIn bNÐitKb|IRCab eRBaHkiriyaeZVInUvBnøW kñúgTVIbTaMg 3

kþI sigkþI R:zñacg´sÞabGEgÁl kñúgTIenHÉg GZidðanza ²RBHc&nÞ

kñúgxN;EtmYy . mYyvijeT[t eQμaHza manb\TÆieRcIn eRBaHkar

nig RBHGaTitü cUrmankñúghtæ:s³ . Pikú¡Gñkmanb\TÆienaH sÞab

Rtac´eTA BÆd*xagelI‘EpndI’ nig eZVInUvBnøW y¨agenH:nç eQμaHza

GEgÁl nUvRBHc&nÞ nigRBHGaTitü EdlmkfitenAehIykñúghtæ:s

manGanuPaBeRcIn eRBaHPav;énRBHc&nÞ nig RBHGaTitüenaH manb\TÆi

edaykMLaMgénkarGZidðank*:n dUcCaeKsÞabGEgÁlEpøetñat Edl

eRcInenaHÉg . bTza ²bramC¢ti³ KW sÞabGEgÁl edayCMuvij dUc

rebHcakTg y¨agenaHÉg ß lUkédcab´k*:n . sYrza ²kalGñkmanb\TiÆlUkeTAç

CaeKsÞabGEgÁlnUvépÞénkJ©k´ .

rUbEdlmanviJ¦aNRbkan´

k*b\TÆienH rbs´Pikú¡Gñkmanb\TÆienaH rEmgsMerc edayGMNac

yklUt ß rUbEdlminmanviJ¦aNRbkan´yklUt/³ . eqøIyza

énQanEdlmanGPiJ¦aCaTItaMgEtmüa¨g . karkMNt´edayksiN

²eRBaHGaRs&yó:TinñkrUb eTIbGnu:TinñkrUblUt³ . kñúgó:Tinñk;

smabtþi kñúgb\TÆienaH minmaneT . smdUcRBHsarIbuRteBalehIy

nigGnu:Tinñk;enaH RBHtibidkcULnaKetær eBalza ²mñalGavuesa

kñúgbdismÖiTaza; bTza ²«embi

cnÞimsuriey .eb. brimC¢ti³

TaMgLay k*ó:TinñkrUb Carbs´tUcxøH ZMMxøH min:neTß/ ERkgkñúg

manesckþIza Pikú¡Gñkmanb\TÆi kñúgsasnaenH Edl:ndl´ehIy

eBlNa Pikú¡ ‘sMEdgb\TÆi’ ecjeTAtamRbehagTaMgLay man

nUvkarsÞat´CMnajkñúgcitþenaH nwkcg´sÞabGEgÁlnUvRBHc&nÞ nig RBH

RbehagesaCaedIm:n kñúgeBlenaH ó:TinñkrUb Carbs´tUc:n

GaTitü luHnwkcg´ehIy k*GZidðan edayjaNza ²sUmo‘RBHc&nÞ

kñúgeBlNa Pikú¡eZVIGtþPaBoZM kñúgeBlenaH ó:TinñkrUb k*eTACa

ß RBHGaTitü’ mkenAkñúghtæ:s³ dUecñHç ‘RBHc&nÞ ß RBHGaTitü’

ZM:n dUcó:TinñkrUb rbs´RBHmhaemaK<løanetærminEmneTß/³ .

‘er]gnenÞabnnÞnaKraC’

k*:nmkenAkñúghtæ:sç Pikú¡enaH CaGñkGg<úy ß sig ykédeTA Bal´sÞabGEgÁl nUvRBHc&nÞ nig RBHGaTitü:n dUcBYkmnusSEdl

:n»za

sm&ymYy

GnazbiNÐikKhbtI sþab´ZmμeTsna


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392

«TÆiviZnieTÞs

rbs´RBHmanRBHPaKehIy RkabTUlnimnþza ²bBiRtRBHGg<d*cMerIn

Can´tavtþigS CamYynwgPikú¡ 500 Gg< tamkMBUlénBitanrbs´esþc

kñúgézáEsÁk sUmRBHGg<TTYlnUvP&tþ kñúgpÞHrbs´eyIgx\úMRBHGg< mYy

naKraCenaHÉg .

GenøIedayPikú¡ 500 Gg<³ dUecñHehIy k*ec[secjeTA . RBHd*

k*kñúgsm&yenaH Tidði d*GaRkk´ mansPaBEbbenH ekIteLIg

manRBHPaK RTg´TTYlnimnþehIy RTg´júaMgcMENkénraRtI kñúgézá

ehIy dl´nenÞabnnÞnaKraCza ²minKYrebIBYksmN; RtegalTaMg

enaH oknøgeTAehIy eTIbRTg´RbemIlemIlnUvelakZatumYyhμWn

enH cUl> ecj> PBtavtþigS rbs´eTvtaTaMgLay tamPBxag

kñúgbc©Ússm&y . RKaenaH naKraCeQμaHnenÞabnnÞ; mkkan´rgVg´

elIrbs´BYkeyIgeTç «LÚvenH cab´taMgBIézáenHteTA Gjnwgmino

RBHckú¡ kñúgRbZanénjaN rbs´RBHGg< . RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´

BYksmN;RtegalTaMgenH eTAerayZUlIeCIg elIk|alrbs´BYk

rMBwgemIlza ²naKraC eQμaHnenÞabnnÞ;enH mkkan´rgVg´ckú¡ kñúg

eyIg:neT³ . naKraCenaH eRkakeLIgehIy eTAkan´eCIgPñMsienru

RbZanénjaN rbs´tzaKt . etIóbnisS&y rbs´naKraCenH

lHbg´nUvGtþPaBenaH B&TÆB&nÆnUvPñMsienru 7 CMu edayEPñnTaMgLay

manEdrßhñ@/³ dUecñH k*RTg´TteXIjza ²naKraCenH CamicäaTidði min

dkBBar BÆd*xagelI cab´ykPBCan´tavtþigS edayBBarEdlRKb

RCHzøakñúgRBHéRtr&tñeT³ RTg´rMBwgemIlza ²GñkNaeTAhñ@ Kb|IrMgab´

Cit dl´ehIynUvkaremIlmineXIj .

naKraCenH ecjGMBImicäaTidði:n/³ k*RTg´:nTteXIj nUvRBHmha

RKaenaHÉg RBHrdð:l d*manGayu :nRkabTUlnUvBaküenH

emaK<løanetær . lMdab´enaH nakalraRtIPøWc|as´ehIy RBHmanRBH

cMeBaHRBHmanRBHPaKza ²bBiRtRBHGg<d*cMerIn kñúgkalmun x\úMRBH

PaK RTg´eZVInUvkarCMrHRBHsrIr; ehIyRTg´Rtas´ehARBHGannÞd*man

Gg<QrenAkñúgRbeTsenH emIleXIjPñMsienru eXIjsienrubriPNÐ

Gayumkza ²mñalGannÞ cUrGñkR:b´Pikú¡ 500 rUb za tzaKt eTA

eXIjPBtavtþigS eXIjevCynþR:saT eXIjTg´xagelIevCynþ

kan´eTvcarik³ .

R:saTç bBiRtRBHGg<d*cMerIn etIGVIeTAhñ@Caehtu GVIeTAhñ@Cabc©&y

k*kñúgézáenaH BYknaKraC :ncat´EcknUvTIsMrab´sIupwk sMrab´ nenÞabnnÞnaKraC . esþcnaKraCenaH manesVtcä&Rtd*CaTiBV:Mg KW

kñúgkal«LÚvenH Edlminox\úMRBHGg<emIleXIjnUvPñMsienru .l. minox\úMRBHGg<emIleXIjTg´ elIevCynþR:saTenaH/³ .

BYkGñkr:M 3 Rkum nig naKbris&TecameramehIy CaGñkEBnemIl

RBHd*manRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´za ²mñalrdð:l naKraC eQμaH

nUvviZIesay:ynigTwk EdleKdak´ehIy elIPaCn;TiBVTaMgLay

nenÞabnnÞ;enH eRkaZxwgcMeBaHBYkGñk B&TÆPñMsienru edayEPñnTaMg

elIrtnbløg,d*CaTiBV . RKaenaH RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´eZVIolμmEt

Lay 7 CMu :MgedayBBar xagelI eZVIoggwt QrenAehIy³ .

naKraCemIleXIj RTg´yageTA manRBHP®kþeq¬aHeTAkan´eTvelak

RBHrdð:l

RkabTUlza ²bBiRtRBHGg<d*cMerIn x\úMRBHGg< nwg


visuTÆimK< ERb

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394

«TÆiviZnieTÞs

TUnμannUvnaKraCenaH³ . RBHmanRBHPaK minRTg´GnuJ¦ateLIy .

RBHezr; lHnUvGtþPaBenaHehIy cUleTA tamrnÆRtec[kxagsþaM

RKaenaH Pikú¡TaMgGs´Gg< KW; RBHPTiÞy;d*manGayu RBHrahuld*man

rbs´naKraCenaHehIy ecjeTAvij tamrnÆRtec[kxageqVg . RBH

Gayu eRkakeLIgehIy tamlMdab´ .

RBHd*manRBHPaK minRTg´

ezr; cUleTA tamrnÆRtec[kxageqVg ehIyecjeTAvij tamrnÆ

GnuJ¦ateLIy . kñúgTIbMput RBHmhaemaK<løanetær RkabTUlza

Rtec[kxagsþaM . RBHezr; cUleTAtamrnÆRcmuHxagsþaM ehIyecj

²bBiRtRBHGg<d*cMerIn x\úMRBHGg<nwgTUnμan³ . RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´

eTAvij tamrnÆRcmuHxageqVgdUcKña . elakcUleTA tamrnÆRcmuH

GnuJ¦atehIyza ²mñalemaK<løan cUrGñkTUnμancuH³ .

xageqVg ehIyecjeTAvij tamrnÆRcmuHxagsþaM . lMdab´enaH naK

RBHezr; lHbg´nUvGtþPaB nimμitnUvePTCaesþcnaKd*ZM rMuB&TÆ

raC ebIkmat´ehIy . RBHezr; cUleTA tammat´ehIy edIrc®g,m

esþcnaKeQμaHnenÞabnnÞ; edayEPñn Gs´var; 14 dg dak´BBar

eTAmk tamTisxagekIt nig Tisxaglic xagkñúgeBaH‘naKraC’ .

rbs´xøÜn elIk|alénBBarnenÞabnnÞnaKraCenaH ek[brwtehIy Ca

RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´za ²mñalemaKøløan cUrGñkeZIVTukkñúgcitþ

mYynwgPñMsienru . naKraC bgØúyEpSgehIy . cMENkRBHezr;

za naKraCenH CaGñkmanb\TiÆeRcIn³ . RBHezr; TUlza ²bBiRtRBH

eBalza ²minEmnEpSgmanEtkñúgsrIr;rbs´GñkEtbueNÑaHeTç sUm|I

Gg<d*cMerIn «TiÆ:TTaMg 4 KWx\MúRBHGg<cMerInehIy eZVIoeRcInehIy

kñúgsrIr;rbs´eyIgk*mandUcKñaEdr³ dUecñH bgØúyEpSgehIy. EpSg

eZVIodUcCayan eZVIoCaTItaMgehIy eZVIminokMerIkehIy eZVIozñwk

rbs´naKraC mineb[teb[nRBHezr;eTç EtEpSgrbs´RBHezr; eb[t

ehIy R:rBÆlÁehIyç bBiRtRBHGg<d*cMerIn nenÞabnnÞ; cUrfitenA

eb[nnUvnaKraC . lMdab´enaH naKraC RBYsePøIgehIy . ÉRBH

cuHç xú\MRBHGg< Kb|ITUnμanTaMgry TaMgBan´ TaMgEsn énnaKraCTaMg

ezr;eBalza ²minEmnmanePøIgEtkñúgsrIr; rbs´GñkEtmñak´ÉgeTç

Lay dUcCanenÞabnnÞnaKraC:n³ .

sUm|IkñúgsrIr;rbs´eyIgk*manePøIgdUcKña³dUecñH beJ©jePøIgehIy.

ÉnaKraC Kitza ²smN;enH kalcUleTA KWGjmineXIj

ePøIgrbs´naKraC mineb[teb[nnUvRBHezr;eTç EtePøIgrbs´RBHezr;

munk*huyeTAcuH kñúgeBlecjmkvij «LÚvenH GjnwgRt:k´nUv

eb[teb[nnaKraC . naKraC Kitza ²smN;enH ek[brwtGj Ca

smN;enaH Rtg´cenøaHéncg,Úm ehIynwgTMBaoexÞc³ dUecñHehIy

mYynwgPñMsienru ehIybgØúyEpSgpg beJ©jePøIgpg³ dUecñHehIy

eBalza

sYrza ²Enelakd*cMerIn GñkCaGñkNa/³ . RBHezr; eBalza ²En

sUmkMuedIreTAmk

nnÞ; GatμahñwgÉg CaemaK<løan;³ . naKraCTUlza ²bBiRtelak

:necjmkeTAQrenAxageRkAehIy . naKraC eXIjza ²enHKW

m©as´d*cMerIn sUmelakm©as´fitenA edayPaBénxøÜnCaPikú¡cuH³ .

elak³ ElgeTAehIynUvxül´kñúgRcmuH . RBHezr; cUlehIynUv

²bBiRtelakm©as´d*cMerIn xagkñúgeBaH

sUmelakm©as´nimnþecjmk

eZVIox\úMlM:keLIy³

.

RBHezr;


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396

«TÆiviZnieTÞs

ctutæCÄan . xül´minGac edIm|IjúaMgsUm|InUvreNþAéneramrbs´RBH

:nCaRBHGg<RTg´yagmkTaMgézáRtg´/³ . RBHsasþa RTg´Rtas´za

ezr;enaH okMerIk:neLIy .

²s®g<am:nekItehIydl´mhaemaK<løan nignenÞabnnÞnaKraC³ .

:n»mkza Pikú¡d*essTaMgLay minGacedIm|IeZVInUv:diharü

esdðI RkabTUlsYrza ²bBiRtRBHGg<d*cMerIn etIGñkNamanC&yCMnH

TaMgBYg:n cab´taMgEtGMBIedImmkç Etdl´TIenH Pikú¡BYkd*ess k*

GñkNacaj´/³ . RBHGg<RTg´Rtas´za ²emaK<løan manC&yCMnH

nwgminGacedIm|ICaGñkcUlsmabtþiy¨agqab´rh&sy¨agenH:neT

nenÞabnnÞ;caj´³ . GnazbiNÐikesdðI RkabTUlza ²bBiRtRBHGg<

eRBaHehtuenaH RBHmanRBHPaK minRTg´GnuJ¦atnUvkarTUnμannaKraC

d*cMerIn sUmRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´TTYlnUvP&tþ rbs´TUlRBHbg<M tam

dl´Pikú¡TaMgLayenaH .

lMdab´énPaCn¾mYy Gs´ 7 ézáç x\úMRBHGg< nwgeZVInUvsk,ar; dl´RBH

naKraC Kitza ²GjminGac edIm|IjúaMgsUm|IRtwmEtreNþA én eram rbs´smN;enH okMerIk edayxül´kñúgRcmuH :neLIyç

ezr; rhUt 7 ézá³ :neZVIehIynUvsk,ar;d*eRcIn cMeBaHPikú¡ 500 Gg< manRBHBuTÆCaRbZan Gs´ 7 ézá .

smN; manb\TÆieRcIn³ dUecñH . RBHezr; lHbg´nUvGtþPaB nimμit

Baküza ²kñúgeBlNa Pikú¡Gñkmanb\TÆi eZVInUvGtþPaBoZM kñúg

CarUbRKuD ehIysMEdgnUvxül´énRKuD edjCab´tamnaKraCehIy.

eBlenaH GtþPaB:nCaZM dUcGtþPaBrbs´RBHmhaemaK<løanetær

naKraC lHbg´nUvGtþPaBenaH nimμitnUvePTCamaNB ehIyeBal

y¨agenaHÉg³ enH KWRBHtibidkcULnaKetær eBalehIysMedAyk

za ²bBiRtelakm©as´d*cMerIn x\úMsUmdl´elakm©as´CaTIBwgTIrlwk³

nUvGtþPaBd*ZM EdlRBHmhaemaK<løanetæreZVIehIy kñúgkarTUnμannUv

dUecñH zVaybg<MehIy nUvRBH:TTaMgLayrbs´RBHezr; . RBHezr;

nenÞabnnÞnaKraCenH edayRbkardUecñHÉg . kalebIelakeBal

eBalza ²EnnnÞ; RBHsasþaesþcyagmkehIyç GñkcUrmk eyIg

ehIyy¨agenHç Pikú¡TaMgLay eBalza ²Gnu:TinñkrUbhñwgÉg Etg

nwgeTA³ dUecñHehIy TUnμannaKraC eZVIminomanButt|útehIy :n

cMerIn eRBaHGaRs&ynUvó:TinñkrUb³ . k*vaT; rbs´Pikú¡TaMgLay

naMykeTAkan´sMNak´ énRBHmanRBHPaK . naKraC zVaybgM<RBH

enHÉg CaesckþIRtwmRtUv kñúg:diharünu@H .

manRBHPaKehIy RkabTUlza ²bBiRtRBHGg<d*cMerIn x\úMRBHkruNa

Pikú¡Gñkmanb\TÆienaH luHeZVIy¨agenHehIy minEmnRKan´EtsÞab

sUmdl´nUvRBHGg<CaTIBwgTIrlwk³ . RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´za

GEgÁlnUvRBHc&nÞ nig RBHGaTitüTaMgLayEtbu¨eNÑaHeT zaebIR:zña

²mñalnaKraC cUrGñkmanesckþIsuxcuH³ RTg´manPikú¡sg¹ecameram

eZVInUvRBHc&nÞ nig RBHGaTitü oeTACaRCj´sMrab´RTeCIg ehIydak´

ehIy :nesþcyageTAkan´nievsn¾ énGnazbiNÐikesdðI .

eCIg ‘elIRBHc&nÞnigRBHGaTitüenaHk*:n’ç eZVIoeTACataMg ehIy

GnazbiNÐikesdðI

RkabTUlza ²bBiRtRBHGg<d*cMerIn ehtuGVI

Gg<úyk*:nç eZVIoeTACaERKedkk*:nç eZVI ‘RBHc&nÞ nig RBHGaTitü’


visuTÆimK< ERb oeTACaPñak´édsMrab´EpÁk ehIyEpÁkk*:n .

397

398

«TÆiviZnieTÞs

k*buK<lGñkmanb\TÆi

enAkñúgTIqáayç ‘vtæúenaH’ k*taMgenAkñúgTIqáayk*:nç GZidðan nUvvtæú

mYyrUb eZVI:ny¨agNaç sUm|IbuK<lGñkmanb\TÆidéTeT[t k*eZVI:n

eRcIn oeTACavtæúticza sUmovtæúenHmancMnYntic vtæúenaH k*eTACa

y¨agenaHEdr . EmnBit nakalBYkPikú¡sUm|IeRcInEsnrUb eZVIy¨ag

vtæútick*:nç GZidðannUvvtæútic oeTACavtæúeRcInza sUmovtæúenHeTA

enHç :diharü rEmgsMerc dl´bNþaPikú¡TaMgLayenaH Pikú¡mYy

CavtæúeRcInç vtæúenaH k*eTACavtæúeRcInk*:nç ‘Pikú¡enaH’ eXIjc|as´

rUb> dUcKñaEdr nig dMeNIreTAkþI kareZVInUvBnøWkþI rbs´RBHc&nÞ nigRBH

nUvrUbénRBhμenaH edayckú¡dUcCaTiBV »sMeLgénRBhμenaH eday

GaTitü EtgmandUcKñapgEdr . eRb[bdUcCa kalebIBagTwkmYy

esatZatudUcCaTiBV dwgc|as´nUvcitþ énRBhμenaH edayjaNCa

Ban´ EdleBjedayTwkmanç mNÐlénRBHc&nÞ rEmgR:kd kñúg

eRK]gkMNt´nUvcitþç

BagTaMgGs´ç dMeNIreTAkþI kareZVIBnøWénRBHc&nÞkþI k*taMgenACaRbRktI

CMnajkñúgcitþenaH manR:zñaedIm|IeTA kan´RBhμelak edaykay

dEdly¨agNamijç :diharüenH manóbma edaymNÐlénRBH

d*R:kd k*begÁancitþeTA edayGMNacénkay GZidðancitþ eday

c&nÞ k*y¨agenaHEdr .

GMNacénkay luHbegÁancitþeTA edayGMNacénkay GZidðancitþ

‘eRbIGMNacedaykayeTARBhμelakk*:n’

ebIPikú¡Gñkmanb\TÆi

Edl:nsMercnUvkarsÞat´

eTAedayGMNacénkayehIy eTIbcuHkan´suxsJ¦apg kan´lhu-

‘245’ Baküza ²yav RBhμelakabi³ esckþIza eZVInUvRBhμ-

sJ¦apg ehIyeTAkan´RBhμelak edaykayd*R:kd:nç ebIPikú¡

elak oCaeRK]gkMNt´:n . Baküza ²kaeyn vsM vetþti³

Gñkmanb\TÆi Edl:nsMercnUvkarsÞat´CMnajkñúgcitþenaH CaGñkman

esckþIza Gñkmanb\TÆi júaMgGMNacrbs´xøÜnoRbRBwtþeTAedaykay

R:zñaedIm|IeTAkan´RBhμelak edaykayminR:kd k*begÁankay

kñúgRBhμelakenaH

edayGMNacéncitþ GZidðannUvkay edayGMNacéncitþ luHbegÁan

.

esckþIén:f;enaH

bNÐitKb|IRCab

eTA

tam:lIpgcuH .

kayeTA edayGMNacéncitþ GZidðannUvkay edayGMNacéncitþ

k*:lI kñúg:diharünu@H mandUcteTAenH KW ; :lIza ²yav

ehIy eTIbcuHkan´suxsJ¦apg kan´lhusJ¦apg ehIyeTAkan´

RBhμelakabi eyn vsM vetþti³ esckþIza ebIPik¡úGñkmanb\TÆi

RBhμelak edaykayminR:kdç Pikú¡enaH nimμitrUbxøÜn EdlsMerc

Edl:nsMercnUvkarsÞat´CMnajkñúgcitþenaH manR:zñaedIm|IeTAkan´

GMBIcitþ manGvyv;tUcZMsBVRKb´ man«®nÞIy¾minezakTab enAxag

RBhμelak k*GZidðan‘nUvvtæú’ kñúgTIqáay omkkñúgTICitza sUmo

muxénRBhμenaHç ebIPikú¡Gñkmanb\TÆienaHc®g,m rUbnimμitk*c®g,m kñúgTI

‘vtæúenaH’ mktaMgenAkñúgTICitç ‘vtæúenaH’ k*mktaMgenAkñúgTICitk*:nç

enaHEdrç

GZidðan ‘nUvvtæú’ kñúgTICit oeTAkñúgTIqáayza sUmo ‘vtæúenH’ taMg

ebIPikú¡Gñkmanb\TÆienaH Gg<úyç rUbnimμitk*Gg<úy kñúgTIenaHEdrç ebIPikú¡

ebIPikú¡Gñkmanb\TÆienaHQr

rUbnimμitk*Qr

kñúgTIenaHEdrç


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«TÆiviZnieTÞs

Gñkmanb\TÆienaHbeJ©jEpSg rUbnimμit k*beJ©jEpSg kñúgTIenaHEdrç

PaK kalesþcyageTAkan´eTvelak kñúgkalCaTIbMputénymk-

ebIPikú¡Gñkmanb\TÆienaH eqHeTACaePøIg rUbnimμit k*eqHeTACaePøIg kñúg

:diharü RTg´eZVInUvPñMyuKnÆr nig PñMsienru kñúgTICit RTg´dak´RBH:T

TIenaHEdrç ebIPikú¡Gñkmanb\TÆienaH sMEdgnUvZm( rUbnimμitþ k*sMEdgnUv

m¡ag GMBIépÞEpndI elIPñMyuKnÆr ehIyRTg´dak´nUvRBH:TTIBIr elI

Zm( kñúgTIenaHEdrç ebIPikú¡Gñkmanb\TÆienaH sYrnUvRbsña rUbnimμitk*sYr

kMBUlPñMsienru .

nUvRbsña kñúgTIenaHEdrç ebIPikú¡Gñkmanb\TÆienaH RtUveKsYrnUvRbsña

sYrza ²GñkNadéTeT[t :neZVI‘nUvTICitoeTACaTIqáay’ :n

ehIykMBugedaHRsay rUbnimμit k*RtUveKsYrnUvRbsña ehIykMBug

xøH/³ . eqøIyza ²RBHmhaemaK<løanetær³ . EmnBit RBHezr;

edaHRsay kñúgTIenaHEdrç ebIPikú¡Gñkmanb\TÆienaH kMBugQrcrca eZVI

bMRBYjnUvpøÚveTAkan´sg,sSnKr RbmaN 30 eyaCn¾ júaMgbris&T

sakcäa CamYyRBhμenaH rUbnimμit k*kMBugQrcrca eZVIsakcäa Ca

12 eyaCn¾ EdlkMBugeZVIP&tþkic© ehIyecjmk GMBIRkugsavtæI o

mYyRBhμenaH kñúgTIenaHEdrç srubmk Pikú¡Gñkmanb\TÆienaH eZVInUvkar

dl´RBm kñúgxN;enaHPøam .

Na> :n rUbnimμit k*eZVInUvkarenaH> :nEdr y¨agdUecñHÉg ‘1’ .

‘GZib|ayesckþIén:lI’

mYyeT[t RBHcULsmuTÞetær k*:neZVIehIy kñúgtm¬bNÑiTIVb . :n»mkza kñúgsm&yénRsukekItTuriÖkS Pikú¡ 700 Gg< :neTA

kñúg:lITaMgenaH :lIza ²TUerbi snþiek GZidðati³ esckþIza

kan´sMNak´énRBHezr; taMgBIRBwkRBlwm . RBHezr; Kitza ²Pikú¡

Pikú¡Gñkmanb\TÆienaH ecjcaksmabtþi EdlmanQanCaTItaMgehIy

sg¹d*eRcIn karRtac´eTAedIm|IPik¡a nwgmankñúgTINa/³ dUecñH min

BicarNanUveTvelak ß RBhμelak kñúgTIqáayza ²eTvelak nig

eXIj ‘nUvTIPik¡acar’ kñúgtm¬bNÑiTIVbTaMgmUl eXIjza ²Pik¡acar

RBhμelak cUrmankñúgTICit³ dUecñH luHBicarNaehIy eZVInUvbrikmμ

nwgman kñúgRkug:tlIbuRt Rtg´eqñrxagnay³ dUecñH júaMgPikú¡TaMg

cUlnUvsmabtþi mþgeT[t GZidðan edayjaNza ²eTvelak nig

Layokan´yk nUv:Rt nig cIBr ehIyeBalza ²mñalGavuesa

RBhμelak cUrmankñúgTICit³ dUecñHç eTvelak nig RBhμelak k*

TaMgLay GñkTaMgLaycUrmk BYkeyIgnwgeTAkan´Pik¡acar³ dUecñH

mankñúgTICit . Kb|IRCabn&yenH kñúgbTd*essTaMgLaypgcuH .

ehIy bMRbYjnUvEpndI ehIyeTAkan´Rkug:tlIbuRt . BYkPikú¡TaMg

‘eZVITIqáayoeTACaCit’

Lay sYrza ²bBiRtelakm©as´d*cMerIn enHCanKrGVI/³ . RBHezr;

sYrza ²kñúg:diharüenaH GñkNacab´yknUvTIqáay eZVIoeTA CaTICit/³ . eqøIyza ²RBHd*manRBHPaK³ . 1- suÇ xuÇ bdiÇ

KaKTI 71 TMB&rTI 273 .

EmnBit RBHd*manRBH

eBalza ²mñalGavuesaTaMgLay enHCanKr:tlIbuRt³ . Pik¡ú TaMgLaysYrza ²bBiRtelakm©as´d*cMerIn nKr:tlIbuRt enAkñúgTI qáayß/³ . RBHezr;eBalza ²mñalGavuesaTaMgLay ZmμtaRBH


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402

«TÆiviZnieTÞs

ezr;cas´TaMgLay kMNt´kñúgTIqáayeZVIoenAkñúgTICitk*:n³ . Pikú¡

nimnþmktameRkay k*eBalza ²RBHezr; rbs´BYkeyIg nimnþmk

TaMgLayTUlza ²bBiRtelakm©as´d*cMerIn etImhasmuRT enAkñúg

BYkeyIg nwgRbeKnnUvnM³ ehIykan´yknMTaMgGs´ cUleTArkRBH

TINa/³ .

RBHezr;eBalza ²mñalGavuesaTaMgLay ERkgelak

ezr; . RBHezr; yk:Rtecjmk:neZVIehIynUvnMTaMgGs´ o

TaMgLay knøgnUvRbLaymanBN(ex[vmYy kñúgcenøaH CaGñkmk

RtwmEteBjmYy:Rt . RBHmanRBHPaK kalrg´caMRBHezr; RTg´

ehIyß/³ . Pikú¡TaMgenaH TUlza ²EmnehIy elakm©as´d*cMerIn

Kg´enAxagmuxehIy . RBHezr; :nnaMmkzVayRBHmanRBHPaK .

EtmhasmuRTZMß/³ . RBHezr; eBalza ²mñalGavuesaTaMgLay ZmμtaRBHezr;cas´TaMgLay EtgeZVInUvrbs´ZMoeTACatUck*:n³ . mYyeT[t

RBHcULsmuTÞetærenH

‘eZVInUvvtæúticoeTACavtúæeRcIn:n’ cMENkkñúger]g«løisesdðI RBHmhaemaK<løanetær :neZVInUv

eZVInUvrbs´ZMoeTACatUc:n

vtúæticoeTACavtúæeRcIn . mYyeT[t kñúger]gmnusSTuK(teQμaHkak-

y¨agNaç sUm|IRBHtisSTtþetær k*y¨agenaHEdr Rsg´TwkehIy kñúg

vLiy; RBHmanRBHPaK k*RTg´:neZVIvtúæticoeRcInEdr . :n»za

sm&yézáres[l RKgcIBrehIyç kalebIcitþ ekIteLIgehIy za

RBHmhaksSbetær júaMgkaloRbRBwtþknøgeTA kñuúgsmabtþi Gs´

²GatμaGj nwgzVaybg<MnUvmhaeBaZiRBwkS³ dUecñHç :neZVIehIy o

7 ézá ehIy eZVInUvkarse®g<aHdl´mnusST&lRk :nQrenAEk|r

mankñúgTICit:n .

TVarpÞH rbs´mnusSTuK(teQμaHkakvLiy; . Priyarbs´Kat´eXIj

‘eZVITICitoeTACaTIqáay:n’

RBHezr;ehIy :nerayrayehIy nUvbbr«tmanrséRbnigrsCUr

sYrza ²cuHGñkNakMNt´TICiteZVIoeTACaTIqáay/³ . eqøIyza

EdlxøÜncMGinehIyedIm|IsVamI eTAkñúg:Rt . RBHezr; naMykbbr

²RBHmanRBHPaK³ . EmnBit RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´:neZVInUvcenøaH

enaH eTAdak´elIRBHhsþRBHmanRBHPaK . RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´

dl´RBHGg< nig dl´RBHGg<úlimalsUm|ITICitoeTACaTIqáay:n .

GZidðan eZVIolμnRKan´dl´Pikú¡sg¹eRcIn . bbrEdlRBHezr; naM

‘eZVInUvvtæúeRcInoeTACatic:n’

mkeday:RtmYy lμmRKb´RKan´ehIydl´Pikú¡TaMgGs´ . ÉmnusS

sYrza ²cuHGñkNa eZVIvtæúeRcIn oeTACatic:n/³ . eqøIyza ²RBHmhaksSbetær³ . :n»za kñúgRkugraCRKwH kñúgézáCaTIelg nUvnk¡tþb\kS kumarIRbmaN 500 nak´ kan´yknUvnMdUcCaRBHc&nÞedIr eTAedIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´karelgnk¡tþb\kS

eXIjnUvRBHmanRBHPaK

ehIy min:nzVayehIynUvnMbnþicbnþÜcç EtluHeXIjRBHezr;kMBug

TuK(t eQμaHkakvLiy; :nehIynUvtMENgénesdðI kñúgézáTI 7 .

‘eZVIvtúæminqáaj´oqáaj´:n’ minRtwmEteZVInUvtæútic oeRcInbu¨eNÑaHeLIyç buK<lGñkmanb\TÆi R:zñanUvvtæúNa> kñúgvtæúTaMgLay manvtæúqáaj´ oeTACavtæúminqáaj´ vtúæminqáaj´ oeTACavtæúqáaj´

dUecñHCaedImk*:n vtæúTaMgGs´enaH >


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«TÆiviZnieTÞs

rEmgsMerc dl´buK<lGñkmanb\TÆi . BitdUecñaHEmn Gm|aly¨ag

dUecñHk*:n eRBaHPav;énsJ¦aenaH rYcRsLHehIycaknIvrN;TaMg

RBHmhaGnuLetær eXIjnUvPikú¡eRcInGg< nimnþeTA edIm|IbiNÐ:Rt

Laypg cakZm(CasRtUvTaMgLaymanvitk,;CaedImpg . kalebI

ehIy:nnUvP&tþd*esAhμgEmnBit kMBugEtGg<úyqan´ Ek|reqñrsÞwg

buK<lGñkmanb\TÆienaH

Kg<a ehIyGZidðanza ²sUmoTwk kñúgsÞwgKg<a køayeTACaTwkedaH

k*CakayRsal dUcCabu¨yénK . Gñkmanb\TÆienaH eTAkan´RBhμ

ravzøa³ dUecñHehIy :nonUvsJ¦a dl´sameNrTaMgLay . BYk

elak edaykayd*RsalEdlR:kd dUcCabu¨yénKEdlRtUvxül´

sameNrTaMgenaH :nnaMyk edayTIeka mkRbeKnPikú¡sg¹ .

bk´ebIugeLIgehIy y¨agenaHç k*Gñkmanb\TÆi kaleTAy¨agenH zaebI

Pikú¡TaMgGs´Gg< qan´ehIyedayTwkedaHravzøa EdlmanrsEpÁm .

R:zña nimμitnUvpøÚvBÆd*Gakas edayGMNacénbfvIksiN ehIy

Baküza ²TieBVn ckú¡na³ esckþIza Pikú¡Gñkmanb\TÆi fitenAkñúg mnusSelakenHÉg

cMerInGaelakk,siN

emIleXIjnUvrUbrbs´

RBhμenaH nig fitenAkñúgmnusSelakenHÉg kalRBhμenaHniyay Kña k*»sMeLgTaMgGs´ dwgc|as´nUvcitþ ‘rbs´RBhμenaH’ :n .

‘begÁancitþeTAedayGMNackay:n’ Baküza ²kayvesn citþM briNaemti³ esckþIzaPikú¡Gñkman b\TÆi begÁancitþeTA edayGMNacénkrCkay KWkMNt´citþmanQan CaTItaMg elIkcitþeLIgkñúgkay KWeZVIcitþomandMeNIreTAtamkay KWza omandMeNIreTAyWtyUr . eRBaHza dMeNIrénkay CadMeNIr yWtyUr . Baküza ²suxsJ¦J© lhusJ¦J© Ok,mti³ esckþIza Pikú¡Gñkmanb\TÆi yagcuHkan´ KWcUleTA Bal´RtUv dl´RBmnUvsuxsJ¦a nig lhusJ¦a EdlekItRBmeday«TÆicitþ manQanCaTI taMgCaGarmμN¾

.

sJ¦a

Edlsm|yutþedayóebk¡a

eQμaHza

suxsJ¦a . eRBaHza óebk¡a RBHmanRBHPaK Rtas´za ²Casux d*sáb´³ .

k*ÉsJ¦aenaHÉg Kb|IRCabza

²eQμaHza lhusJ¦a³

yagcuHkan´suxsJ¦aenaHç

sUm|IkrCkay

eTA edayeCIg:nç zaebIR:zña GZidðan nUvxül´ edayGMNacén vaeyaksiN ehIyeTAedayxül´ dUcCabu¨yénKk*:n . EtPaB énGñkmanb\TÆicg´edIm|IeTAhñwgÉg CaRbmaN:n kñúgkareTAeday kayEdlR:kdnu@H . eRBaHza kalebImanPaBénGñkmanb\TÆiR:zña edIm|IeTAç buK<lGñkmanb\TÆienaH manGZidðan kñúgcitþeZVIehIy y¨ag enH CaGñkRtUvkMLaMgénkarGZidðansÞÜyeLIgehIyEmnBit rEmgeTA kan´ ‘RBhμelak’ :n EdlGñkNak*emIlmineXIj dUcCakUnsr Edlnayxμan´ZñÚ :j´eTAehIy dUecñaHÉg .

‘eTAedayGTisSmankay:n’ ‘246’ Baküza ²citþvesn kayM briNaemti³ esckþIza Gñkmanb\TÆikMNt´nUvkayehIyelIkeLIgkñúgcitþ KWeZVI‘kay’oman dMeNIreTAtamcitþ KWza eZVIomandMeNIrrh&s . eRBaHza dMeNIr éncitþ KWCaZmμCatrh&s . Baküza ²suxsJ¦J© lhusJ¦J©

Ok,mti³ esckþIza buK<lGñkmanb\TÆiyagcuHkan´suxsJ¦ nig kan´ lhusJ¦aEdlekItRBmeday«TiÆcitþ EdlmanrUbkayCaGarmμN¾


visuTÆimK< ERb

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406

«TÆiviZnieTÞs

edayRbkardUecñHÉg . Baküd*ess bNÐitKb|IRCab tamn&y

mnusSelakenHÉg emIleXIjnUvrUb ‘RBhμ’ edayckú¡ dUcCaTiBV

EdlelakeBalehIyhñwgÉg .

sþab´sMeLg edayesatZatu dUcCaTiBV dwgc|as´nUvcitþ eday

É:diharü KWkarbegÁannUvkay edayGMNacéncitþenH KWCa

jaNCaeRK]gkMNt´dwgedaycitþ

ehtuNaç

ehtumanRbmaN

dMeNIréncitþhñwgÉg . EtkalebImanBaküeBalza ²buK<lGñkman

bu¨eNÑHenaH mineQμaHza júaMgGMNacoRbRBwtþeTAedaykayeT .

b\TÆienH kaleTAedaykayEdlminR:kdy¨agenH eTAkñúgxN; én

buK<lGñkmanb\TÆienaH fitenAkñúgmnusSelakenHÉg kMBugQrcrca

karekIteLIg énGZidðancitþenaHß ßza eTAkñúgxN; éncitþtaMgenA

eZVIsakcäa CamYynwgRBhμenaH edayehtuNa ehtumanRbmaN

ßk* kñúgxN; éncitþEbkZøay/³ dUecñHç RBHezr;eBalza ²Gñkman

bu¨eNÑaHÉg k*mineQμaHzajúaMgGMNacoRbRBwtþeTAedaykayeT .

b\TiÆeTAkñúgxN;TaMgbI³ . sYrza ²cuHbuK<lGñkmanb\TiÆenaHeTAeday

sUm|IkarGZidðanrbs´Gñkmanb\TÆienaHza ²GZidðansUm|IkñúgTIqáayo

xøÜnÉg ß bJ¢ÚnnUvrUbEdlelaknimμitehIyß/³ . eqøIyza ²Gñk

eTACaTICitk*:n³ dUecñHCaedIm edayehtuNa ehtumanRbmaN

manb\TiÆ eZIVtamsmKYrdl´esckIþKab´citþ³ . EtkareTAedayxøÜnÉg

bu¨eNÑHenaH mineQμaHzajúaMgGMNacoRbRBwtþeTA edaykayeT .

hñwgÉgénbuK<lGñkmanb\TÆienaH mkehIykñúg:diharüenH . bTza

buK<lGñkmanb\TÆienaH eTAkan´RBhμelak edaykayEdlR:kdkþI

²menamyM³ KWrUbenaH eQμaHza sMercedaycitþ eRBaHPav;énGñk

minR:kdkþI edayehtuNa ehtumanRbmaNbu¨eNÑH k*mineQμaH

manb\TÆienaH nimμitehIyedaycitþsMrab´GZidðan . Baküza ²GhI-

za júMgGMNacoRbRBwtþeTA edaykay:nEdr . ÉbuK<lGñkman

ni®nÞiyM³ enH KWelakeBalehIy edayGMNacénkartaMgenARBm

b\TÆienaH dl´nUvviZIEdlelakeBalehIy edayn&yza ²nimμitrUb

énGaytn;TaMgLaymanEPñknigRtec[kCaedIm . EtZmμtaRbsaT

xagmuxénRBhμenaH³ dUecñHCaedIm edayehtuNa ehtumanRbmaN

kñúgrUbnimμit minmaneT . BaküTaMgBYgmanBaküza ²sec «TÆima

bu¨eNÑHenaH eTIb:neQμaHzajúaMgGMNacoRbRBwtþeTAedaykay.

cg,mti nimiμetabi ttæ cg,mti³ dUecñHCaedIm KWelakeBalehIy

cMENkviZId*ess elakeBalehIyedIm|IsMEdgnUvcMENkxagedIm

eRBaHsMedAyknUvsavknimμitTaMgGs´ . cMENkRBHBuTÆnimμit RBH

énkarRbRBwtþieTAkan´GMNac edaykay kñúgGZikarenHÉg . b\TÆi

manRBHPaKRTg´eZVInUvkic©Na> k*eZVInUvkic©enaH> Edr eZVInUvkic©déT

enH eQμaHza GZidðanb\TÆi Camunsin .

eT[t edayGMNacénkiriyaKab´RBHT&y énRBHmanRBHPaKpgEdr

‘247’ cMENkkareZVIoepSg> énb\TÆiEdleZVIoEbøk nig b\TÆi

edayRbkardUecñH . k*kñúg:diharüenH buK<lGñkmanb\TÆienaH

‘vikuBVnb\TÆi’

fitenAehIy kñúg

EdlsMercmkGMBIcitþ mandUteTAenH KW ;


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müa¨geT[t Pikú¡Gñkmanb\TÆi kaleZVInUvb\TÆi KWkareZVIoEbøkdMbUg xøÜnR:zñanUvrUbNa> Kb|IGZidðannUvrUbenaH> kñúgePTTaMgLayman

408

«TÆiviZnieTÞs

sUm|IkñúgePTTaMgLaymanesHCaedIm k*n&yenHEdr . enHCab\TÆi KW kareZVIoEbøk ‘vikuBVnb\TÆi’ .

‘b\TÆisMercGMBIcitþ’

ePTénkumarCaedIm EdlelakeBalehIy y¨agenHza ²RBHGPiPU enaH lHbg´ePTCaRbRktI ehIysMEdgePTCakumarxøH sMEdgePT

‘248’ cMENkPikú¡Gñkcg´edIm|IeZVI nUvb\TÆisMercGMBIcitþ ecj

CanaKxøH sMEdgePTCaRKuDxøH sMEdgePTCaGsurxøH sMEdgePTCa

cakQanCaTItaMgehIy BicarNakayCamun ehIyGZidðan tam

RBH«®nÞxøH sMEdgePTCaeTvtaxøH sMEdgePTCaRBhμxøH sMEdgePT

n&yEdleBalehIyhñwgÉgza ²kaycUrCaRbehagcuH³ . kay k*

CasmuRTxøH sMEdgePTCaPñMxøH sMEdgePTCasIh;xøH sMEdgePT

eTACaRbehag . lMdab´enaH buK<lGñkmanb\TÆi BicarNakaydéT

CaxøaZMxøH sMEdgePTCaxøadMbgxøH sMEdgePTCadMrIxøH sMEdgePT

kñúgcenøaHénkayenaH eZVIbrikmμehIy GZidðan tamn&yEdlelak

CaesHxøH sMEdgePTCarzxøH sMEdgePTCaBlezμIreCIgxøH sMEdg

eBalehIyhñwgÉgza ²kaydéT cUrmankñúgcenøaHénkayenaH³ .

ePTCakgTahanEbøk> KñaxøH ‘1’ ³ .

buK<lGñkmanb\TÆienaH dknUvkayenaH dUcbuK<ldkecjnUvbNþÚl

ecjcakQan

kñúg

GMBIesμAyabøg dUcCabuK<lhUtnUvdavGMBIeRsam nig dUcCabuK<l

cMeNamksiNTaMgLay manbfvIksiNCaedImCaGarmμN¾ehIy

TajnUvBs´GMBIRtk y¨agenaHÉg . eRBaHehtudUecñaH :nCaelak

Kb|IBicarNaePTkumarrbs´xøÜnhñwgÉg . buK<lGñkmanb\TÆienaHluH

eBalBakü manCaGaTi¾za ²Pikú¡ kñúgsasnaenH nimμitnUvkay man

BicarNaehIy kñúgTIbMputénbrikmμ Kb|IcUlQanmþgeT[t ecj

rUb

ehIy Kb|IGZidðan za ²GatμaGjcUrCakumarmaneQμaHEbbenH³ .

ezakTabCakaydéTGMBIkayenH eRb[bdUcbursdkecjnUvbNþÚl

RBmCamYynwgcitþGZidðan Gñkmanb\TÆienaHk*:neTACaekμgRbus dUc

GMBIesμAyabøgç bursenaH manesckþIdwg y¨agenHÉgza ²enHCa

CaPikú¡eTvTtþ . kñúgbTTaMgBYg k*n&ydUcKñaenHEdr . cMENkbTza

esμAyabøg enHCabNþÚl ÉesμAyabøgedayELk bNþÚleday

²htæim|i TesSti³ dUecñHCaedIm kñúg:lIenaH elakeBalehIy

ELk bNþÚleKdkecjmk GMBIesμAyabøghñwgÉg ‘1’ ³ dUecñH .

edayGMNacénkarsMEdg nUvePTmandMrICaedIm BÆd*xageRkAxøH .

k*kñúg:lIenaH esckþIóbmaenH KWelakeBalehIyedIm|IsMEdgza

kñúgkarsMEdgxageRkAenaH buK<lGñkmanb\TÆienaH minGZidðan za ;

²smÖar;TaMgLay

²GatμaGjcUrCadMrI³ dUecñH Kb|IGZidðanza ²cUrCadMrI³ dUecñH .

yabøgCaedIm y¨agNamijç

1- suÇ xuÇ bdiÇ

manGPiJ¦aCaTItaMg

k*Gñkmanb\TiÆ kalGZidðan manksiNÉNamYy

KaKTI 71 TMB&rTI 277 .

n&y

EdlsMercGMBIcitþ

1- suÇ xuÇ bdiÇ

manGvyv;ZMtUcsBVRKb´

manbNþÚlCaedIm

man«®nÞIy¾min

Carbs´RbEhlKñanwgesμA

rUbEdlsMercGMBIcitþ k*y¨agdUecñaH

KaKTI 71 TMB&rTI 277 .


visuTÆimK< ERb

409

Edr CarUbRbEhlKñanwgbuK<lGñkmanb\TÆihñwgÉg³ dUecñH . enHKW Cab\TÆi EdlsMercmkGMBIcitþ ‘menamyb\TÆi’ . briecäT TI12 eQμaHza «TÆiviZnieTÞs kñúgbkrN¾viesseQμaHvisuTÆimK< Edlx\úMeZVIehIy edIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´kiriyajúaMgsaZuCnorIkray cb´ehIy edayRbkarGm|alenHÉgehag . v v v

410

GPiJ¦anieTÞs ‘TiBVesatZatukza’

‘249’ kñúgkal«LÚvenH lMdab´énnieTÞs énTiBVesatZatu mkdl´ehIy tamlMdab´ . bNÐitKb|IRCabesckþI én:lITaMg Lay manCaGaTi¾za ²Pikú¡enaH kalebIcitþCasmaZiehIyy¨agenH³ dUecñH tamn&yEdlelakeBalehIy kñúgTiBVesatZatunieTÞsenaH pg kñúgGPiJ¦aTaMgLaybI déTGMBIenaHpg . EteyIgTaMgLay nwgBN(nanUvRtwmEtesckþIviessbu¨eNÑaH kñúgGPiJ¦aTaMgBYg .

‘GZib|ays&BÞ:lI’ kñúg:lIenaH

bNÐitKb|IRCabesckþI

kñúgBaküza

²TiBVay

esatZatuya³ enH dUcteTA . esatZatuenaH eQμaHzaTiBV eRBaH Pav;énesatZatuenaHdUcCaTiBV

.

EmnBit

esatZatuénRbsaT

rbs´eTvtaTaMgLay CaZmμCatiekItehIy edaysucritkmμ Edl minRbLak´ehIy

edayvtúæminsÁatTaMgLay

manRbmat´

esøsμ

nigQamCaedIm GacTTYlnUvGarmμN¾kñúgTIqáay:neRBaHrYcRsLH cakeRK]gesAhμgeTIbdUcCarbs´TiBV . k*ÉesatZatuénjaNenH EdlekItehIyedaykMLaMgénvIriyPavna rbs´Pikú¡enH k*R:kddUc KñaenaHEdr eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbeQμaHzaTiBV eRBaHjaNesatZatu enaHR:kdesμIdUcCaTiBV . müa¨geT[t jaNesatZatuenaH eQμaH za CaTiBV eRBaHPav;énjaNesatZatuenaH KWelak:nmk eday GMNacénZm(CaeRK]genAdUcCaTiBVpg eRBaHGaRs&ynUvZm(CaeRK]g enAdUcCaTiBV rbs´xøÜnpg .


visuTÆimK< ERb

411

jaN eQμaHzaesatZatu eRBaHGtæza »pg eRBaHGtæza min manCIvitpgç

mYyeT[t

eQμaHza

esatZatu

412

GPiJ¦anieTÞs

GPiJ¦aCaTItaMg ecjehIy Kb|IBicarNasMeLgénstVTaMgLay

eRBaHeRb[bdUcCa

mansIh;CaedImkñúgéRB EdlCasMeLgeRKatRKat kñúgTIqáay Ca

esatZatu eRBaHeZVInUvkic©énesatZatu dUecñHk*manEdr . ‘Gñkman

KnøgénRtec[kCaRbRktI munedayviess edaysmaZicitþEdlCa

b\TÆi sþab´nUvsMeLg’ edayesatZatu dUcCaTiBVenaH .

brikmμ . RBHeyaKIKb|IBicarNasMeLgd*lÁitsuxumTaMgLay tam

bTza ²visuTÆay³ KWeRBaHbrisuTÆ KWza minmanóbk,iels .

smKYrdl´lMdab´

cab´epþImGMBIsMeLgd*eRKatRKatmuneKTaMgGs´

bTza ²Gtik,nþmanusikay³ esckþIza knøg KWRbRBwtþknøg nUv

y¨agenH KW; sMeLgrKaMg kñúgvtþ sMeLgs<r sMeLgs&g¡ sMeLg

mMsesatZatu EdlCarbs´mnusS ehIyfitenA edayGMNacén

énkarsVaZüay rbs´sameNr nig Pikú¡kemøaHTaMgLayEdlkMBug

karsþab´sMeLgknøgnUvóbcar;énmnusS . Baküza ²óePa seTÞ³

sVaZüay edaykarRbwgERbgRKb´y¨agç sMeLgza ²bBiRtRBHKuN

ERbza Gñk:nTiBVesat Etg»sMeLgTaMgBIr . sYrza ²sMeLg

m©as´ etIdUcemþc/ mñalGavuesaTaMgLayetIdUcemþc/³ dUecñHCaedIm

TaMgBIrKWGVIxøH/³ . eqøIyza ²sMeLgTiBV 1 sMeLgmnusS 1³ .

rbs´Pikú¡sameNrTaMgenaH EdlkMBugsnÞnaKña CaRbRktIç sMeLg

GZib|ayza ²sMeLgrbs´eTvtaTaMgLaypg nig sMeLgrbs´

énstVsøab sMeLgxül´ sMeLgeCIg sMeLgénTwkEdlBuHRKak´>

mnusSTaMgLaypg³ . bNÐitKb|IRCabkarRbkan´ykbriyayCa

sMeLgsøwketñateRk[msÜátnakMedAézá sMeLgstVlÁitmanRsemac

eRK]gGag edaybTza ²óePa seTÞ³ enH . Baküza ²ey TUer

exμA nig RsemacRkhmCaedIm³ dUecñH . RBHeyaKIenaH Kb|IeZVITuk

sniþek c³ manesckþIGZib|ayza ²sMeLgTaMgLayNa kñúgTI

kñúgcitþnUvsTÞnimitþénsMeLgTaMgLay kñúgTisxagekIt Kb|IeZVITuk

qáay

nig

sMeLgTaMgLayNa

kñúgTICit

sUm|Ikñúgck,vaLdéT

kñúgcitþnUvsTÞnimitþénsMeLgTaMgLay

kñúgTisxaglic

Tisxag

edayehaceTA sUm|IsMeLgénstVliÁt EdlGaRs&yenA kñúgrag

eCIg Tisxagt|Úg TisxageRkam TisxagelI TisGaeKñy¾ Tis

kayrbs´xøÜnç

buK<lGñk:nTiBVesat

BayBü Tis¤san TisnirtI . RBHeyaKIenaH Kb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþ

LayenaH³

bNiÐtKb|IRCabkarRbkan´ykbriyay

.

Etg:n»nUvsMeLgTaMg Edlmin

EmnCaeRK]gGag edaybTza ²ey TUer sniþek c³ enH .

‘viZIeZIVTiBVesat’ sYrza ²cuHTiBVesatZatuenH KWeyaKavcrPikú¡ Kb|IeZVIoekIt eLIgedayRbkardUcemþc/³ . eqøIyza ²Pikú¡enaH cUlkan´Qanman

nUvsTÞnimitþénsMeLgTaMgLay TaMgeRKatRKatTaMglÁit . sMeLg TaMgLayenaH rEmgR:kddl´RBHeyaKIenaHEdlmancitþtaMgenACa RbRktI . EtsMeLgTaMgenaH CasMeLgR:kdéRkElg dl´RBH eyaKIGñkmansmaZicitþkñúgbrikmμ . kalebIRBHeyaKIenaHeZVITukkñúgcitþnUvsTÞnimitþhñwgÉgç mena-


visuTÆimK< ERb TVaravC¢ncitþ

eZVInUvsMeLgNamYy

413

kñúgcMeNamsMeLgTaMgLay

enaH oCaGarmμN¾ehIy ekIteLIgza ²TiBVesatZatu nwgekIteLIg

414

GPiJ¦anieTÞs

edIm|IkMNt´nUvsMeLgepSg>

edayELkç

rEmgGacedIm|IkMNt´

EmnBit za ²enHsMeLgs&g¡ enHsMeLgs<r³ dUecñH:npgEdr .

kñúgkal«LÚvenH³. kalebImenaTVaravC¢ncitþenaHrlt´ehIyç Cv&n

TiBVesatZatukza cb´ .

TaMgLay 3 ß 4 xagedIm Cakamavcr; maneQμaHza brikmμCv&n

v v v

óbcarCv&n GnuelamCv&n nig eKaRtPUCv&nç Cv&nTI 4 ß TI 5 Ca

ecetabriJ¦aNkza

Gb|nacitþ CarU:vcr RbkbedayctutæCÄan énCv&nTaMgLayNaç

‘GZib|ays&BÞ:lIecetabriJ¦aN’

Cv&nTaMgLay 4 ß 5 enaH rEmgsÞúHeTA . kñúgCv&nenaH jaN Na

ekIteLIgehIy

CamYynwgGb|nacitþenaHç

‘250’ kñuúgecetabriJ¦aNkza bNÐitKb|IRCabvinicä&y kñúg

ZatuKWjaNenH

bTza ²ecetabriJ¦aNay³ enH dUcteTAenH . jaN eQμaHza

bNÐitKb|IRCabza ²TiBVesatZatu³ . bnÞab´GMBIenaH TiBVesatZatu

briy; eRBaHkMNt´ esckþIza kMNt´sÞg´ . jaNEdlkMNt´nUv

enaH k*CaZatuZøak´cuHehIy kñúgesat;enaH .

citþ ‘rbs´GñkdéT’ eQμaHza ecetabriy;ç jaNenaHpg kMNt´

RBHeyaKI kaleZVInUvTiBVesatenaH oekItCaKuNCatrwgbwug

nUvcitþ ‘rbs´GñkdéT’pg eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbeQμaHza ecetabri-

Kb|IkMNt´RtwmEtmYycgÁúléd ehIycMerIn edaytaMgcitþza ²Gj

yJ¦aN ‘jaNEdlkMNt´citþrbs´GñkdéT:n’ . GZib|ayza

nwgsþab´nUvsMeLg kñúgcenøaHnu@H³ . bnÞab´mk RBHeyaKIKb|IkMNt´

edIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´ecetabriyJ¦aNenaH .

rhUtdl´cRkvaL ßkMNt´edayéRkElgCagcRkvaLenaHeTAeT[t

bTza ²brstþanM³ KW énstVd*essTaMgLay elIkElg

R:MbIZñab´

EtxøÜnecj . sUm|IbTza ²brbuK<lanM³ enH k*manesckþIEtmYy

mYycMGam mYyKk´ xagkñúgbnÞb´ brievNénel|{gR:saT Garam

edaybTenHEdr . EtRBHd*manRBHPaK RTg´eZVInUvPaBepSg> én

rbs´sg¹ eKacrRKam nig CnbTCaedIm . RBHeyaKI Gñk:n

BüJ¢n; edayGMNacénstVEdlRBHGg<RTg´TUnμanpg edaylMnaM

sMercGPiJ¦aehIyy¨agenHnu@H rEmg»nUvsMeLgTaMgLayEdltaMg

éneTsnapg . Baküza ²ectsa eceta³ KW nUvcitþ rbs´stV

enAkñúgcenøaHénGakas EdlGarmμN¾manQanCaTItaMg Bal´RtUv

déT buK<ldéTTaMgLayenaH edaycitþrbs´xøÜn . bTza ²bric©³

ehIyEmnBit .

ERbzakMNt´ehIy .

ehIyKb|IcMerIn

edayGMNacénTImanBIrZñab´

bYnZñab´

Etza RBHeyaKI kal»y¨agenH RbsinebIman

bTza ²bCanati³ esckþIza dwgedayRbkar

karRCYleRCImEtmYy edaysMeLgénePøg mans&g¡ s<r nig xøúy

epSg> edayGMNacéncitþTaMgLay mancitþEdlRbkbeTAeday

CaedIm rhUtdl´RBhμelakk*edayç

raK;CaedIm .

kalebImanPaBCaGñkR:zña


visuTÆimK< ERb

415

‘viZIeZVIecetabriJ¦aN’

416

GPiJ¦anieTÞs

hTyrUbrbs´GñkNa RkeLkemIlnUvkarERbRbYlén«®nÞIy¾ rbs´

sYrza ²k*jaNenH RBHeyaKIKb|IeZVIoekIteLIgdUcemþc/³ .

GñkNa . eqøIyza ; minRkeLkemIl rbs´GñkNaeTç RBHeyaKI

eqøIyza ²eRBaHza jaNenH rEmgsMerc edayGMNacénTiBVckú¡ç

kalBicarNanUvcitþ ‘énGñkdéT’ kñúgPBNanImYy dwgnUvcitþ man

TiBVckú¡jaNenaH Cabrikmμ énbriyJ¦aNenaHÉg eRBaHehtuenaH

16 RbePT enHÉNaç enHCavis&yrbs´Pikú¡Gñkmanb\TiÆç cMENk

Pikú¡ ‘Gñk:nTiBVckú¡jaNehIyR:zñaedIm|IeZVIecetabriyJ¦aNenH

sMdIenH

oekIteLIg’ enaH Kb|IcMerInGaelakksiN ehIyemIlnUvB(N

sÁit EdlRBHeyaKImin:neZVIehIy edayRbkardUecñHÉg .

énQamEdlGaRs&ynUvhTyrUb

rbs´buK<ldéT

KWRBHmanRBHPaKRtas´ehIy

edayGMNacénkarRbkan´

‘GZib|aycitþ 16 RbePT’

ehIyRbRBwtþ

eTA ehIyEsVgrknUvcitþ edayckú¡d*CaTiBV . k*esamnsScitþ Etg

cMENkkñúg:lIza ²sraKM va citþM³ dUecñHCaedIm bNÐitKb|I

RbRBwtþeTA kñúgeBlNaç kñúgeBlenaH elahit manB(NRkhm

RCabesckIþGZib|ay dUcteTAenH . citþ RbkbedayelaP; 8

RbEhlKñanwgEpøéRCTMuç kñúgeBlNa eTamnsScitþ RbRBwtþeTAç kñúg

Rbkar bNiÐtKb|IRCabza ²citþRbkbedayraK;³ . citþd*ess KW

eBlenaH elahit manB(NexμA RbEhlKñanwgEpøRBIgTMu . kñúg

citþCakusl nig GBüaRkwt EdlRbRBwtþeTAkñúgPUmi 4 eQμaHzacitþ

eBlNa óebk¡acitþ RbRBwtþeTAç kñúgeBlenaH elahit manB(N

R:scakraK; .

zøa RbEhlKñanwgeRbglá . eRBaHehtuenaH Pikú¡enaH kalEsVgrk

vicikicäacitþ nig óTÆc©citþ 2 mindl´nUvkarse®g<aH kñúgRbmaN 2

emIl nUvB(Nénelahit kñúgebHdUg rbs´CndéT za ²rUbenHman

éncitþenHeT .

esamnsSi®nÞIy¾Casmudðan rUbenH

rUbenH

manóebki¡®nÞIy¾Casmudðan³

maneTamnsSi®nÞIy¾Casmudðan dUecñHehIy

Kb|IeZVInUveceta-

cMENkcitþTaMgLay 4 enH KW eTamnsScitþ 2

EtRBHezr;BYkxøH rYbrYmnUvcitþTaMg 4 enHpgEdr .

cMENkeTamnsScitþ

2

Rbkar

eQμaHza

citþRbkbeday

eTas; . citþCakusl nig GBüaRkwt RbRBwtþeTAkñúgPUmi 4 TaMg citþd*essTaMgLay KW

briyJ¦aN oCaKuNCattaMgenArwgmaM . eRBaHza kalebIeceta-

Gs´ eQμaHza citþR:scakeTas; .

briyJ¦aNenaH taMgenArwgbuwg y¨agenHehIyç RBHeyaKIenaH dwg

Gkuslcitþ 10 mindl´nUvkarrYbrYmkñúgRbmaN 2 éncitþenHeT .

nUvkamavcrcitþ rU:vcrcitþ nig GrU:vcrcitþ TaMgGs´ edaylMdab´

bu¨Enþ RBHezr;BYkxøH rYbrYmnUvGkuslcitþTaMg 10 enHpgEdr .

rMkilnUvcitþ cakcitþ sUm|Iev[rcakkareXIjnUvhTyrUbk*eday .

cMENkkñúgbTza ²semahM vItemahM³ enH bNÐitKb|IRCab

smdUcBaküEdlelakeBalehIy kñúgGdðkza za ²sYrza RBH

dUcteTAenH . citþEdlRbkbedayvicikicäa nig óTÆc©; 2 Rbkar

eyaKI Gñkcg´edIm|IdwgnUvcitþ énCndéT

edayn&ycMeBaHrUbbuK<lbu¨eNÑaH eQμaHzacitþRbkbedayemah; .

kñúgGarub|CÄan

eXIjnUv


visuTÆimK< ERb

417

418

GPiJ¦anieTÞs

‘bueBVnivasanusStiJ¦aNkza’

EtsUm|IGkuslcitþTaMg12 Rbkar k*bNÐitKb|IRCabza ²citþRbkb edayemah;³ eRBaHemah;manenARBm kñúgGkuslTaMgBYg . citþ d*ess eQμaHza citþR:scakemah; ‘vItemahcitþ’ . cMENkcitþEdlRbRBwtþeTAtamzInmiTÆ; eQμaHza citþrujra . citþEdlRbRBwtþeTAtamóTÆc©; eQμaHza citþraymay .

‘251’ kñúgbueBVnivasanusStiJ¦aNkza manGZib|ayza ; bTza ²bueBVnivasanusStiJ¦aNay³ esckþIza jaNNa kñúg bueBVnivasanusSti

‘RBHeyaKI

begÁancitþeTA’

edIm|ICaRbeyaCn¾

dl´jaNenaH . Baküza ²bueBVnivasa³ esckþIza xnÆEdlxøÜn

citþEdlCarU:vcr nig GrU:vcr eQμaHza citþEdldl´ nUv

GaRs&yehIykñuúgkalmunKWkúñgGtItCatiTaMgLay. bTza ²nivudða³

PaBCaZM ‘mhK<tcitþ’ . citþd*ess eQμaHza citþmindl´nUvPaB

esckþIza xnÆEdlxøÜnRKb´RKgehIy KWEdlxøÜnesayehIy KWza

CaZM ‘GmhK<tcitþ’ .

EdlekItehIyrlt´eTAvijkñúgsnþanrbs´xøÜnç mYyeT[t Zm(Edl

citþEdlRbRBwtþeTAkñúgPUmi 3 TaMgGs´ eQμaHza citþEdlman

xøÜnenAGaRs&yehIy k*eQμaHza nivudða . esckþIza ²Zm(TaMgLay

Zm(RbesIrCag ‘sótþrcitþ’ . citþEdlCaelakutþr; eQμaHza citþ

EdlxøÜnenAGaRs&yehIy edaykiriyaenAGaRs&yCaeKacr Edl

EdlminmanZm(RbesIrCag ‘Gnutþrcitþ .

kMNt´dwg edayviJ¦aNrbs´xøÜnç mYyeT[t sUm|IkMNt´dwgc|as´

citþEdldl´nUvóbcar; nig citþEdldl´nUvGb|na eQμaHza

ehIy edayviJ¦aN rbs´buK<ldéT kñúgkalTaMgLaymankal

citþtaMgenAmaM ‘smaZicitþ’ . citþEdlminTan´:ndl´TaMgBIry¨ag

CaTInwkrlwk

eQμaHza citþ mintaMgenAmaM ‘GsmaZicitþ’ .

za nivudða . cMeBaHRBHBuTÆTaMgLayEtmüa¨g Etg:nnUvnivudðZm(TaMg

citþEdldl´nUvtTg<vimutþi vik¡mÖnvimutþi smuecäTvimutþi bdibsSTÆi

nUvbuK<lmaneRK]gvilvl´dac´ehIyCaedIm

k*eQμaH

LayenaH .

vimutþi nig nisSrNvimutþi eQμaHza citþrYcRsLH ‘vimutcitþ’ . citþ

bTza ²bueBVnivasanusSti³ esckþIza Pikú¡rlwker]y> nUvxnÆ

EdlminTan´:ndl´vimutþiTaMg 5 Rbkarnu@H bNÐitKb|IRCabza citþ

EdlxøÜnGaRs&yehIykñúgkalmun edaystiNaç stienaH eQμaH

EdlminTan´rYcRsLH ‘Gvimutþcitþ’ .

za bueBVnivasanusSti . Baküza ²jaN³ KWjaNEdlsm|yutþ

Pikú¡Gñk:necetabriyJ¦aN rEmgdwgc|as´ nUvcitþRKb´y¨ag

ehIy

edaystienaH

.

edIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´bueBVnivasanusSti-

za ²citþenH CacitþmanraK; ß .l. ßza citþenH CacitþminrYc

jaNenH dUceBalmkenHÉg . GZib|ayza ²edIm|Ii:nsMerc KW

RsLH³ edayRbkardUecñHÉg .

edIm|Idl´nUvjaNenH edaybueBVnivasanusStiJ¦aN³ .

ecetabriyJ¦aNkza cb´ehIy .

bTza ²GenkvihitM³ esckþIza manEbbeRcIny¨ag müa¨geT[t


visuTÆimK< ERb esckþIza

oRbRBwtþeTA

KWEdlelakBN(naehIy

419

420

GPiJ¦anieTÞs

edayRbkar

elakTaMgenaH minGacedIm|IElgnUvlMdab´ehIyrlwkedayGMNac

d*eRcIn . bTza ²bueBVnivasM³ :ndl´ xnÆsnþanEdlxøÜnGaRs&y

éncuti nwg bdisnÆi:neT . eRBaHkarcuHkan´RbeTsEdlxøÜnR:zña

ehIy kñúgPBenaH> cab´taMgBIPBEdlCaGtItd*CitbMput . bTza

ehIy minman dl´BYktiræiyTaMgenaHEdldUcCamnusSxVak´ . mYy

²GnusSti³ KW rlwkeTAtamehIy> edayGMNaclMdab´énxnÆ ß

eT[t mnusSxVak´TaMgLay minecalnUveQIRct´esaHehIyedIreTA

edayGMNacéncuti nig bdisnÆi .

y¨agNamijç BYktiræiyTaMgenaH minecalnUvlMdab´énxnÆBit eTIb rlwk:n k*y¨agenaHEdr . RBHbktisav&kTaMgLayrlwk:ntam

‘buK<l 6 BYk rlwk:nnUvbueBVnivas’’ k*CnTaMgLay 6 BYk KW tiræiyTaMgLay bktisav&kTaMg Lay

mhasav&kTaMgLay

GK<sav&kTaMgLay

RBHbec©kBuTÆ

TaMgLay RBHBuTÆTaMgLay rlwker]y> nUvbueBVnivasenH:n .

lMdab´xnÆxøH rMkilcUl:nedayGMNacéncutinwgbdisnÆixøH . RBH GsItimhasav&kTaMgLay

k*y¨agdUecñaHEdr

.

cMENkÉRBHGK<

sav&kTaMgBIr kic©edaylMdab´énxnÆ minmaneT . RBHGK<sav&kTaMg

bNþaCnTaMg 6 BYkenaH tiræiyTaMgLay rlwk:nEt 40

BIrGg<enaH rMkilehIyeTA edayGMNacéncuti nwg bdisnÆihñwgÉg

kb|eT . elIsGMBIenaH rlwkmin:neLIy . eRBaHehtuGVI/ .

y¨agenH KW ²elakeXIjnUvcuti rbs´GtþPaBmYy ehIyeXIj nUv

eRBaHtiræiyTaMgenaHmanR:C\aTn´exSay . EmnBit bJ¦a rbs´BYk

bdisnÆi eXIjcutirbs´GtþPaBdéTeT[tehIyeXIjnUvbdisnÆiç RBH

tiræiyTaMgenaHCabJ¦aTn´exSay eRBaHPav;énbJ¦aCaKuNCatR:s

bec©kBuTÆTaMgLay

ehIy cakkarkMNt´nUvnam nig rUb . RBHbktisav&kTaMgLay

kic©edaylMdab´énxnÆ

rlwk:n 100 kb|xøH 1ç000 kb|xøH eRBaHCaGñkmanbJ¦ad*xøaMg

edayGMNacéncuti nwg bdisnÆi k*minmanesaHeLIy . EmnBit

køa . RBHGsItimhasav&kTaMgLayrlwk:nGs´mYyEsnkb| .

RBHBuTÆTaMgLay R:zñanUvTINa> xageRkamkþI xagelIkþI kñúgekadi

RBHGK<sav&kTaMgBIrGg< rlwk:nGs´mYyGseg¡yü nwgmYyEsn

énkb|TaMgLayd*eRcInç TIenaH> CaTIR:kdEmnBitdl´RBHBuTÆTaMg

kb| . RBHbec©kBuTÆTaMgLay rlwk:nGs´BIrGseg¡yünwgmYy

LayenaHç eRBaHehtuenaH RBHBuTÆTaMgenaH RTg´bMRBYjehIyR:zña

Esnkb| . eRBaHGPinIharrbs´RBHbec©kBuTÆTaMgenaHmanRbmaN

nUvTINa> Gs´ekadiénkb|TaMgLay sUm|IminEtmYy dUcbMRBYj

bu¨eNÑH . EtsMrab´RBHBuTÆTaMgLay minmankMNt´eLIy .

nUv:lImanGtæKWxøÜnrkSaTuk ehIyk*rMkilcUleTAkñúgTIenaH> Etmþg

‘rlwk:nepSgKña’ mYyeT[t tiræiyTaMgLay rlwk:nEtlMdab´énxnÆbu¨eNÑaH .

k*y¨agdUecñaHEdr

.

minmanesaHeLIyç

cMENkRBHBuTÆTaMgLay kic©edaykarrMkilcUl

EtgyageTA edayGMNacénkiriyaQancuHdUcCastVsIh; . k* kalRBHBuTÆTaMgLayenaHRTg´esþcyageTAy¨agdUecñaHç RBHjaN


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422

GPiJ¦anieTÞs

rbs´RBHGg< rEmgmineTIsTak´ mineXø{gXøat kñúgCatiTaMgLayCa

dUcCakareZVIdMeNIreTAtams¬an

cenøaH> kalmineTIsTak´ mineXø{gXøat k*rEmgRTg´cab´yknUvTI

TaMgLay dUcCakareZVIdMeNIreTAtampøÚv edaysμgeCIgd*ZMç rbs´

EdlRBHGg<RTg´R:zñaehIy > EmnBit eQμaHza eRb[bdUcCakUn

RBHBuTÆTaMgLay dUcCakareZVIdMeNIreTAtampøÚvreTHd*ZM .

srEdlxμan´ZñÚR:kdesμIedayRBHeBaZistVeQμaHsrPg<; GñksÞat´

EtkñúgGZikarenH

edayreTH

.

rbs´RBHbec©kBuTÆ

karrlwker]y>nUvbueBVnivas

rbs´sav&k

mineTIs

TaMgLay KWx\úMsMEdgehIy . eRBaHehtuenaH :nCax\úMeBalehIy

Tak´ kñúgTITaMgLaymaneQInigvløiCaedIm kñúgcenøaH rEmgZøak´kñúg

za ; bTza ²GnusSti³ KW rlwkeTAtamehIy > edayGMNacén

TICaTIkMNt´EmnBit mineTIsTak´ minPøat´xus dUecñaHÉg .

lMdab´énxnÆ ß edayGMNacéncuti nig bdisnÆi dUecñHÉg .

CMnajkñúgkar:j´nUveramcamrIeZVIehIy

:j´eTAehIy

‘eRb[bGanuPaBénjaN’

‘viZIeZVIbueBVnivasanusSti’

k*ÉkñúgCnTaMgLay EdlrlwknUvbueBVnivas:nTaMgenH kar

eRBaHehtuenaH

Pikú¡CaGaTikmμik;

GñkR:zñaedIm|Irlwker]y>

eXIjnUvbueBVnivaséntiræiyTaMgLay rEmgR:kdeLIg RbEhlKña

y¨agenH RtLb´mkGMBIbiNÐ:RtvijehIy kñúgkalCaxageRkay

nwgBnøWénstVGMBilGMEBkç kareXIjnUvbueBVnivasrbs´bktisav&k

énP&tþ eTAkñúgTIsáat´ eKcecjGMBIBYkehIysmáMenA cUlkan´Qan

TaMgLay RbEhlKñanwgBnøWRbTIbç rbs´RBHmhasav&kTaMgLay

TaMg 4 edaylMdab´ ecjcakctutæCÄanmanGPiJ¦aCaTItaMgehIy

RbEhlKñanwgBnøWKb´ePøIgç

RbEhl

Kb|IBicarNabg<úy eRkayeKbgÁs´ . bnÞabBIenaH Kb|IBicarNa

KñanwgBnøWénp,ayRBwkç rbs´RBHbec©kBuTÆTaMgLay RbEhlKñanwg

kic©EdlxøÜneZVIehIy Gs´yb´ nig ézáTaMgmUl edaylMdab´Rcas

BnøWRBHc&nÞç

RbEhlKña

‘bdielam’ y¨agdUecñH KW ²karRkalGasn; karcUlkan´Gasn;

EdlRbdab´

karer[bcMnUv:RtnigcIBr eBlevlaqan´ eBlmkGMBIRsuk eBl

rbs´RBHGK<sav&kTaMgLay

rbs´RBHBuTÆTaMgLay

rEmgR:kdeLIg

nwgBnøWénmNÐlénRBHGaTitümYyBan´

kñúgrdUvR:Mg

ehIyedayBan´énrsμI .

Rtac´eTAkñúgRsuk

edIm|IbiNÐ:Rt

eBlcUleTAkan´Rsuk

edIm|I

Ékarrlwker]y>nUvbueBVnivas éntiræiyTaMgLay Cakarrlwk

biNÐ:Rt eBlecjmkGMBIvtþ eBlzVaybgM<nUvRBHlanénectiy

eXIj dUcCakareZVIdMeNIreTA tamcugéneQIRct´ rbs´mnusSxVak´

nigRBHlanénRBHeBaZiRBwkS eBllagnUv:Rt eBlTTYlnUv:Rt

TaMgLay . rbs´RBHbktisav&kTaMgLay dUcCakareZVIdMeNIreTA

kic©EdlxøÜneZVIehIy GMBIkarTTYl:Rt rhUtdl´karlubmux kic©

tams¬anedayeQIRct´ . rbs´RBHmhasav&kTaMgLay dUcCakar

EdlxøÜneZVIehIy

eZVIdMeNIreTAtams¬an edayCg<g´ .

ehIy kñúgmCÄimyam kic©EdlxøÜneZVIehIy kñúgbfmyam .

rbs´RBHGK<sav&kTaMgLay

kñúgkalCaTIkMcat´bg´nUvggwt

kic©EdlxøÜneZVI


visuTÆimK< ERb k*Ékic©manRbmaNbu¨eNÑH

423

Cakic©R:kd

dl´citþCaRbRktI

424

GPiJ¦anieTÞs

o:ner]y>

.

ehIyecjGMBIQanenaHehIy

k*Kb|IBicarNa

hñwgÉg nwg:nCakic©R:kd hak´bIdUcCaéRkeBk dl´smaZicitþ

TIenaHcuH . eRBaHza RBHeyaKI kaleZVIy¨agenaH ecjGMBIQan

kñuúgbrikmμEtmþg . EtzaRbsinebI kñúgkic©TaMgnu@H kic©tictYc Cakic©

CaTItaMg ehIyminBicarNa nUvQanEdlxøÜnBicarNaehIy kñúg

minR:kdeTç RBHeyaKI RtUvcUlQanCaTItaMg ecjehIy Kb|I

kalmun ehIyBicarNanUvbdisnÆiEtmüa¨g ebIkehIy nUvbdisnÆi

BicarNamþgeT[t . edayehtumanRbmaNbu¨eNÑH kic©TaMgGs´

Gs´kalminyUrbu¨nμanhñwgÉg Kb|IeZVInUvnamrUbEdlRbRBwtþeTA kñúg

Cakic©R:kd dUcCa ‘kñúgeBlggwt’ kalebIRbTIbeqHehIy GVI>

xN;éncutioCaGarmμN¾ eQμaHza eRb[bdUcCabursGñkmankMLaMg

k*R:kd dUecñaHEdr .

kat´nUvedImeQIZM

RBHeyaKI Kb|IBicarNakic©EdlxøÜneZVIehIy edaybdielam

edIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´ehaCagénbus|úkç

muxb¨UvezAEqbehIyç kalminGacedIm|Ikat´nUvedImeQIZM:n k*min

hñwgÉg y¨agenHKW kúñgézáTI2 xøH kñúgézáTI3 TI4 nig TI 5 xøH kñúg

eZIVnUvkare:Hbg´ecalnUvZur;eLIy

10 ézáxøH kñúgknøHExxøH kñúg 1 ExxøH rhUtdl´ 1 qñaMxøH .

eZIVb¨UvezAomutehIy

eday

kalebI

ehIyeTAkan´eragCag

k*RtLb´mkvijkat´mþgeT[tç

oCag

kalebIb¨UvezA

ó:yenHÉg RBHeyaKI kalBicarNa Gs´ 10 qñaM 20 qñaM dUecñH

EqbmþgeT[tç k*oCageZVIdUecñaHÉg ehIykat´saCazμIç bursenaH

CaedIm rhUtdl´bdisnÆi rbs´xøÜn kñúgPBenH Kb|IBicarNanamrUb

kalkat´y¨agenH minyUrbu¨nμaneLIy k*Kb|IpþÜledImeQIZM:nEmn

EdlRbRBwtþeTAehIy kñúgxN;éncuti kñúgPBmun . EmnBit Pikú¡

Bit eRBaHeQIEdlxøÜnkat´ehIy minEmnCarbs´EdlKb|Ikat´ mþg

CabNÐit EtglμmRKan´edIm|IebIknUvbdisnÆi ehIyeZVInUvnamrUb kñúg

eT[t nig eRBaHkat´nUveQIEdlminTan´:nkat´ehIy dUecñaHÉg .

xN;éncuti oCaGarmμN¾ edayvar;CadMbUgEtmþg . bu¨EnþnamrUb kñúgPBmun rlt´ehIy minmanesssl´ namrUbdéT ekIteLIg ehIy

eRBaHehtuNaç

EdldasCitxagelI

eRBaHehtuenaH

TIenaH

CaTIecalnamrUb

dUcCaTIggwtRbEhlbuK<lxVak´

esckþIenH bNÐitKb|IsMEdg edayer]gTaMgLay maner]g buK<lGñkBuHós nig Cagkat´sk´CaedImk*:nEdr .

‘kardwgkñúgbueBVnivasJ¦aN’

EdlbuK<l

kñúgkic©TaMgenaH jaN EdleZVI ‘kic©’ cab´epþImGMBIbg<úycug

minmanR:C\a kRmnwgeXIj:n . eTaHCadUecñaH Pikú¡enaHk*minKb|I

eRkay rhUtdl´bdisnÆi oCaGarmμN¾ehIy RbRBwtþeTA min:n

eZVIkare:Hbg´nUvZur; edayKitza ²GatμaGj minGacedIm|IebIk nUv

eQμaHza bueBVnivasJ¦aNeT . k*bu¨Enþ jaNenaH maneQμaHza

bdisnÆi ehIyeZVInUvnamrUb EdlRbRBwtþeTA kñúgxN;éncuti oCa

brikmμsmaZiJ¦aN ‘jaNEdlRbkbCamYynwgbrikmμsmaZi’ .

GarmμN¾:n³ dUecñHeT . Etza Pikú¡Kb|IcUlQanCaTItaMgenaHÉg

GacarüBYkxøH ehAza GtItMsJ¦aN ‘jaNCaeRK]gdwgnUvcMENk


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GPiJ¦anieTÞs

‘sMvdþkb| vivdþkb|’

EdlknøgeTAehIy’³ dUecñHk*man . Bakü ‘rbs´GacarüBYkxøH’enaH minRtUveT eRBaH ‘GtItMsJ¦aN’ sMedAykrU:vcr . ‘cMENkÉ brikmμsmaZiJ¦aN Cakamavcr’ .

cMENkkñúgBaküza ²Genekbi sMvdþkeb|³ dUecñHCaedImbNÐit Kb|IRCabdUcteTA . kb|EdlkMBugsabsUnü bNÐitKb|IRCabza

k*kñúgeBlNa menaTVaravC¢n; knøgnUvbdisnÆi eZVInamrUbEdl

²sMvdþkb|³ kb|EdlkMBugcMerIn Kb|IRCabza ²vivdþkb|³ . bNþa

RbRBwtþeTA kñúgxN;éncuti oCaGarmμN¾ehIyekIteLIg dl´Pikú¡

kb|TaMgBIrenaH sMvdþdðayIkb| Cakb|KWelakkMNt´ehIy eday

enH nig kalebImenaTVaravC¢n;enaH rlt´eTAehIy Cv&nTaMgLay

sMvdþkb| . eRBaHehtuGVI/ . eRBaHsMvdþdðayIkb| mansMvdþkb|

4 ß 5 eZVInUvnamrUbenaHÉg oCaGarmμN¾ehIy rEmgsÞúHeTAç

enaHCamUl

bNþaCv&nTaMgLayNa Cv&nTaMgLaymankñúgkalmun EdleQμaH

vivdþkb| . kalebImanehtuy¨agenH Gseg¡yükb|TaMgLayNa

za brikmμCv&nCaedIm Cakamavcrç Cv&ncugeRkayCarU:vcr RbRBwtþ

EdlRBHd*manRBHPaK RTg´:nRtas´ehIyza ²mñalPikú¡TaMgLay

eTAkñúgctutæCÄan CaGb|nacitþ tamn&yEdl:neBalehIy kñúg

Gseg¡yü‘kalEdlyUrrab´min:n’énkb|enHman4 . Gseg¡yü

kalmunhñwgÉgç kñúgeBlenaH jaNNa ekIteLIg dl´Pikú¡enaH

4 KWGVIxøH/ KW sMvdþkb|ç sMvdþdðayIkb|ç vivdþkb|ç vivdþdðayIkb|³

CamYynwgcitþenaH jaNenH eQμaHza bueBVnivasanusStiJ¦aN .

dUecñHç ‘1’ Gseg¡yükb|TaMgLayenaH Cakb|EdlelakkMNt´

Pikú¡enaH rlwker]y> nUvbueBVnivas manEbbeRcIny¨ag edaysti

ykehIy .

.

vivdþdðayIkb|

Cakb|KWelakkMNt´ehIy

eday

‘sMvdþkb|’

Edlsm|yutþehIy edayjaNenaH . manEbbeRcIny¨ag etI dUcemþcxøH/ . KWPikú¡ rlwker]y> nUvbueBVnivas manEbbeRcIny¨ag

bNþakb|TaMgenaH sMvdþkb| manbIKt´ KW ; Gae:sMvdþkb|

RBmTaMgGakar; RBmTaMgóeTÞs rhUtkaldUecñH KW mYyCatik*man

‘kb|EdlvinasedayTwk’ eteCasMvdþkb| ‘kb|Edlvinaseday

BIrCatik*man .l. ³ dUecñHÉg .

ePøIg’ vaeyasMvdþkb| ‘kb|Edlvinasedayxül´’ .

‘Gtæn&yénCati nig kb|’ ‘252’

kñúg:f;TaMgenaH Baküza ²Ékm|i Catw³ esckþIza

xnÆsnþanmYy manbdisnÆiCaxagedIm mancutiCaTIbMput rab´bJ©Úl ehIykñúgPBmYyk*man . sUm|IkñúgBaküza ²eTVbi Catieya³ dUecñH CaedIm k*n&ydUcKñaenHEdr .

‘RBMEdnénesckþIvinas’ RBMEdnénesckþIvinas k*man 3 KW RBhμelakCan´GaPsSra Can´suPkiNØa Can´evhböla . kñúgkalEdlkb|vinas eday ePøIg ‘elak’RtUvePøIgeqH xageRkamGMBIGaPsSraRBhμ . 1- suÇ GMÇ

KaKTI 43 TMB&rTI 2 .

kñúgkal


visuTÆimK< ERb

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GPiJ¦anieTÞs

‘eteCasMvdþkb|’

Edlkb|vinasedayTwk ‘elak’ rlayedayTwk BÆd*xageRkam suPkiNØaRBhμ . kñúgkalEdlkb|vinas edayxül´ ‘elak’

esckþIza kñúgsm&yEdlkb|vinasedayePøIg . ePø{gZMjúaMg

x©at´x©ay edayxül´ BÆd*xageRkamevhbölaRBhμ . EtebIeBal

kb|ovinas taMgeLIg cab´taMgGMBIedImhñwgÉg bgÁúrePø{gmYyemZM

edayBisþar BuTÆek¡tþmYy Etgvinas sBVkalEdr .

Gs´mYyEsnekadicRkvaL . mnusSTaMgLay eRtkGrehIy naM

‘BuTÆek¡tþ 3’

ykBUCRKb´y¨ageTAsabeRBaH . bu¨Enþ luHsnÞÚgTaMgLayduH:n

eQμaHza BuTÆek¡tþ man 3 y¨agKW Catiek¡tþ 1ç GaNaextþ 1ç

lμmeKasIu:nehIyç mhaemXenaH k*ERskRKhwm dUcCasERmk

visyek¡tþ 1 . bNþaBuTÆek¡tþTaMgbIenaH Catiek¡tþ CaextþmanmYy

énstVla minbgÁúrcuHnUvTwkePø{gsUm|ImYytMNk´eLIy . kñúgkal

muWncRkvaLCaTIbMput

kñúgehtuGs©arü

enaH ePø{gdac´RsLHehIy . EmnBit RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´sMedA

TaMgLay mankarcab´bdisnÆiCaedIm énRBHtzaKt . GaNaextþ

ykePø{gdac´sUnüenH eTIbRTg´Rtas´za ²mñalPikú¡TaMgLay man

manEsnekadicRkvaLCaTIbMput KWCaextþEdlGanuPaB énRBHbritþ

sm&yEdlePø{gminbgÁúrcuH Gs´eRcInqñaM eRcInryqñaM eRcInBan´qñaM

TaMgLayenH KW rtnbritþ xnÆbritþ ZCK<britþ Gadanadiybritþ nig

eRcInEsnqñaM ‘1’³ dUecñH . stVTaMgLayEdlrs´enAGaRs&yTwk

emarbritþ RbRBwtþeTA . visyek¡tþ CaextþminmanTIbMput minman

ePø{g eZVIkalkiriyaehIyeTAekIt kñúgRBhμelakç BYkeTvta Edl

RbmaNEdlRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´za ²ßza tzaKtKb|IR:zña

rs´enAeRBaHGaRs&ynUvp,aeQI nig EpøeQI cutiehIyk*eTAekIt kúñg

dl´RtwmNak*:n ‘1’ ³ dUecñHCaedIm CaextþEdlRBHtzaKtR:zña

RBhμelakEdr . kalebIeBlevlad*Evg knøgeTA edaykardac´

nUvehtuNa> k*RTg´RCabnUvehtuenaH> .

ePø{gy¨agenH TwkkñúgTIenaH> k*dl´nUvkarGs´rlIg . RKaenaH RtI

CaextþCaTIkMerIkjab´j&r

kñúgBuTÆek¡tþTaMgLay 3 enH dUceBalmkenH extþmYy KW

nigGeNþIkTaMgLay k*søab´edaylMdab´ eTAekItkñúgRBhμelakxøH

GaNaextþ Etgvinas . EtzakalebIGaNaextþenaHvinasç sUm|I

sUm|IstVnrkTaMgLay søab´ehIy k*eTAekItkñúgRBhμelakEdr .

Catiek¡tþ k*CaextþvinaseTApgEdr . k*BuTÆek¡tþTaMg 2 enaH kal

GacarüBYkxøH eBalza ²bNþastVTaMgenaH BYkstVnrk vinas

vinas k*Etgvinas kñúgTICamYyKñaEdr . sUm|IkaltaMgenA k*taMg

eRBaHPav;énkarR:kdeLIg énRBHGaTitü TI7 ³ dUecñH k*man .

enA kñúgTICamYyKñaEdr . esckþIvinas nig kartaMgenA énBuTÆek¡tþ enaH bNÐitKb|IRCab dUcteTAenH ; 1- suÇ

GMÇ

KaKTI 41 TMB&rTI 315 .

sYrza ²karekIt kñúgRBhμelak ev[rcakQan minmaneTç k* bNþastVTaMgenaH stVTaMgLayBYkxøH 1- suÇ

GMÇ

KaKTI 47 TMB&rTI 184 .

RtUvesckþIGt´Xøaneb[t


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GPiJ¦anieTÞs

eb[nehIy stVBYkxøHCastVGP&B cakkar:nQanç stVTaMgenaH

:nnUvQan kñúgeTvelakenaH . cMENkstVTaMgLay déTGMBI

eTAekIt kñúgRBhμelakenaH y¨agdUcemþcekIt/³ dUecñH . eqøIyza

G:yikstVenaH

²stVTaMgenaH eTAekIt kñúgRBhμelak:n edayGMNacQanEdl

t> Kña . EmnBit eQμaHzastVEdlGenÞalkñúgsMsar EdlR:s

xøÜn:nehIykñúgeTvelak³ . EmnBit kñúgkalenaH BYkkamavcr

cakkmμEdlxøÜnKb|IesayCabnþbnÞab´ minmaneT . sUm|IstVTaMg

eTvta eQμaHzaCaGñkek[rKrnUvstVelak dwgza ²GMNwHteTA mYy

enaH k*:ncMeBaHnUvQan kñúgeTvelakenaH dUcKñaEdr . stVTaMg

EsnqñaM nwgmankarRbl&ykb|³ dUecñH manPñÜgsk´rbUtehIy man

LaysUm|ITaMgBYg k*eTAekIt kñúgRBhμelak:n edayGMNacén

sk´rMsayehIy manmuxERskyM ykédCUtTwkEPñk esø{ksMBt´

QanEdlxøÜn:nehIy kñúgeTvelak edayRbkardUecñHÉg .

ekItkñúgeTvelak

edaykmμEdlxøÜnKb|Iesay

‘ ekItRBHGaTitü 7 ’

B(NRkhm CaGñkRTRTg´nUvePTénbuK<ld*cMELkéRkeBk Rtac´eTA kñúgpøÚvmnusS RbkasR:b´ y¨agenHza ²mñalGñkniTu(k¡TaMgLay>

mYyeT[t bnÞab´GMBIkarraMgePø{g edayGMNwHkald*Evg RBH

GMNwHmYyEsnqñaM GMBIqñaMenHeTA nwgmankarRbl&ykb|ç elakenH

GaTitü TI2 k*ekItR:kdeLIg . smdUcCaRBHd*manRBHPaK RTg´

nwgvinas sUm|ImhasmuRT k*nwgrIgsáÜtç mhaRbwzBI nig PñMsienru

Rtas´za ²mñalPikú¡TaMgLay sm&yenaHman³ dUecñHCaedIm . RBH

raC

GaTitü TI7 bNÐitKb|IsMEdg oBisþarcuH . luHdl´RBHGaTitü

k*nwgRtUvePøIgeqHeLIg

drabdl´RBhμelakç cUrcMerInnUvemtþa

nwgvinaseTAç

esckþIvinas

mñalGñkniT(uk¡TaMgLayeGIy

mñalGñkniTu(k¡TaMgLayeGIy

nwgman

GñkTaMgLay

GñkTaMgLay

TI2

enaH

ekItR:kdehIyç

karkMNt´nUveBlyb´

k*minR:kd

cUr

karkMNt´nUveBlézá k*minR:kdEdr . RBHGaTitümYy rHeLIg .

cMerInnUvkruNa cUrcMerInnUvmuTita cUrcMerInnUvóebk¡a cUrGñkTaMgLay

RBHGaTitümYy lic:t´eTA . elak mankMedAmkGMBIRBHGaTitü

beRmInUvmata cUrbeRmInUvbita GñkTaMgLaycUrCaGñkmankarRbRBwtþi

mindac´esaH . k*suriyeTvbuRt man kñúgRBHGaTitüCaRbRktI y¨ag

eRkatERkgdl´buK<lCac|gkñúgRtkUl³ dUecñH . mnusSTaMgLay

Naç

nigPumμeTvtaTaMgLay edayeRcIn manesckþItk´søútd*ZMekIteLIg

y¨agenaHeT . kñúgRBHGaTitüTaMg 2 enaH kalebIRBHGaTitü Ca

ehIy eRBaH:nsþab´nUvBakü rbs´kamavcreTvtaTaMgenaH CaGñk

RbRktI kMBugRbRBwtþeTAç BBkkþI GNþatePøIgkþI EtgRtac´eTA BÆd*

mancitþeTarTn´eTAvijeTAmkrkKña eZVIbuNüTaMgLay manemtþaCa

Gakas . kalebIRBHGaTitüEdljúaMgkb|ovinas RbRBwtþeTAç

edIm ‘søab´eTA’ k*rEmgeTAekIt kñúgRBhμelak . eTvtaTaMgenaH

épÞénGakas manEpSg nigBBkeTAR:sehIy CaépÞPøWRsLH dUc

esaynUvsuZaePaCn¾d*CaTiBVehIy eZVIbrikmμkñúgvaeyaksiN eTIb

CamNÐlénkJ©k´ .

kñúgRBHGaTitüEdljúaMgkb|ovinas

minmansuriyeTvbuRt

elIkElgEtsÞwgZMTaMg 5 ecj TwkkñúgTI


visuTÆimK< ERb

431

TaMgLay mansÞwgtUcd*essCaedIm rIgsáÜtGs´ . bnÞab´GMBIenaH

edayGMNwHeTAénkald*Evg

432

GPiJ¦anieTÞs

Lay mankMBUlx¬s´ 100 eyaCn¾CaedIm k*relH:t´sUnüehIy

sÞwgZMTaMgLay

BÆd*GakasenaHÉg . GNþatePøIgenaH qabeLIgcab´ykeTvelak

pgEdr k*rIgsáÜtGs´ eRBaHkarekItR:kdeLIg énRBHGaTitü TI 3

Can´catumμharaCika . GNþatePøIgenaHeqHnUvvimanmas vimanrtn;

Naç

nig vimanEkvmNITaMgLay kñúgeTvelak Can´catumμharaCikaenaH

RBHGaTitü TI 3 enaH k*ekItR:kdeLIg . tGMBIenaHmkeT[t edayGMNwHeTAénkald*Evg mhaRsHTaMg

ehIy k*cab´ykPBtavtþwgS . edayó:yenHÉg GNþatePøIg

7 enH KW; RsHsIh:tn; RsHhMs:tn; RsHkNÑmuNÐk;

ralcab´yk rhUtdl´ ‘RBhμelak’ Can´bfmCÄanPUmi . GNþat

RsHrzkar; RsHGenatþ; RsHqnÞnþ; RsHkuNal; EdlCaRbPB

ePøIgenaH eqHnUvRBhμelakTaMg 3 kñúgbfmCÄanPUmienaHGs´ehIy

énsÞwgd*ZM kñúgéRBhimBanþ rIgsáÜtGs´ eRBaHkarekItR:kdeLIg

Tl´GaPsSraRBhμ eTIbQb´ . sg¡ar sUm|Id*lÁit mandrabNaç

énRBHGaTitü TI 4 Naç RBHGaTitü TI 4 enaH k*ekItR:kdeLIg .

GNþatePøIgenaH k*minrlt´ drabenaH . k*eRBaHGs´eTAénsg¡ar

bnÞab´GMBIenaHmkeT[t edayGMNwHeTAénkald*Evg TwksUm|I

TaMgBYg GNþatePøIgenaH eTIbrlt´eTA minoesssl´GVI> sUm|I

RtwmEtTTwkzñaMgénRmaméd k*mindk´enAkñúgmhasmuRT edaylMdab´

EtepH dUcCaGNþatePøIgEdleqHnUvTwkedaHzøa nigeRbgdUecñaHÉg .

eRBaHkarekItR:kdeLIgénRBHGaTitü TI 5 Naç RBHGaTitü TI 5

GakasxagelI RBmTaMgGakasxageRkam k*ekItggwtd*ZMEtmYy .

‘ry;eBlEdlvinas’

enaH k*ekItR:kdeLIg . bnÞab´GMBIenaHmkeT[t edayGMNwHeTAénkald*Evg cRkvaL

bnÞab´BIenaHmk

edayGMNwHeTAénkald*Evg

mhaemXtaMg

TaMgmUlmanEpSgEtmYy manC&rRKbsg,t´ehIyedayEpSg eRBaH

eLIgehIy CadMbUg k*bgÁúrcuHnUvePø{gd*lÁit kaljúaMgePø{goZøak´

PaBekItR:kdénRBHGaTitüTI 6 Naç

cuH edayT-TwkTaMgLay bu¨nTgQUk bu¨neQIRct´ bu¨nGERg nig

RBHGaTitüTI 6 enaH ekIt

R:kdeLIg . k*cRkvaLenH y¨agNaç sUm|IEsnekadicRkvaL

bu¨nedImetñatCaedIm

k*y¨agenaHEdr .

Gs´ kñúgEsnekadicRkvaL oeBjehIy eTIb:t´eTA . xül´

bnÞab´GMBIenaHmkeT[t edayGMNwHeTAénkald*Evg cRkvaL TaMgmUl

CacRkvaLmanGNþatePøIgEtmYy

CamYynwgEsnekadi

cRkvaLTaMgLay eRBaHPaBR:kdeLIg énRBHGaTitü TI 7 Naç RBHGaTitü TI 7 enaH ekItR:kdeLIg .

sUm|IkMBUlPñMsienruTaMg

edaylMdab´

júaMgTIEdlePøIgeqHehIyTaMg

RTnUvTwkenaH xageRkampg xagTTwgpg eZVIoeTACadMu . TwkenaH mUl RbEhlKñanwgdMNk´Twk elIsøwkQUk . ebImanBaküecaTsYrza ²xül´ eZVInUvKMnrénTwkd*ZMdl´emø¨aH o CadMu:n y¨agdUcemþc/³ .

Kb|IeqøIyza ²eZVI:n eRBaHTwkebIknUv


visuTÆimK< ERb

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434

GPiJ¦anieTÞs

Rbehago³ . EmnBit TwkenaHonUvRbehag dl´xül´enaH kñúgTI

eXIjnUvggwt k*P&yxøac . lMdab´enaH mNÐlénRBHGaTitü TMhM

enaH> . TwkenaH RtUvxül´RbmUlpþMú eZVIoeTACadMu y¨agenaH k*Gs´

50 eyaCn¾ EdljúaMgP&y ovinasehIy begI,tnUvPaBekø{vkøa

eTA hYtcuHeTAxageRkam edaylMdab´ . kalebITwkhYtcuHehIy>

dl´stVTaMgenaH ekIteLIgR:kd . stVTaMgenaHeXIjnUvmNÐl

RBhμelak k*ekItR:kdeLIg kñúgkEnøgEdlZøab´CaRBhμelak nig

énRBHGaTitüenaHehIy k*mancitþeRtkGrza ²eyIgTaMgLay :n

eTvelakTaMgLay k*ekIteLIgR:kd kñúgkEnøgEdlZøab´Cakama-

nUvBnøWehIy³ eTIbeZVInUveQμaHénmNÐlRBHGaTitüenaHza ²suriy;³

vcreTvelak 4 Can´ BÆd*xagelI . Etza kalebITwkhYtcuHehIy

hñwgÉg eRBaHBaküEdlstVTaMgLayenaHeBalza ²mNÐlénBnøW

mkdl´TIEdlZøab´CaEpndImkBImunç xül´d*mankMLaMgk*ekIteLIg .

d*viessEdljúaMgP&y rbs´BYkeyIgEdlP&yxøac ovinasehIy

xül´d*mankMLaMgenaH EtgsÞHTuknUvTwkenaH eZVIminoRCYtRCab:n

júaMgPaBekø{vkøaoekIteLIg rHeLIgehIy eRBaHehtuenaH mNÐl

dUcTwkEdlfitenAkñúgZmμRkk EdlbuK<lbiTmat´CitehIydUecñaH .

énBnøWd*viessenaH cUreQμaHsuriy;³ dUecñH .

‘ekItmanRBHc&nÞ’

TwkmanrsEpÁm dl´nUvkarGs´eTA júaMgEpndImanrs BÆd*xagelI oekIteLIgRBm

.

EpndImanrsenaH

CavtæúEdldl´RBmehIy

lMdab´enaH

kalebIRBHGaTitü

eZVInUvBnøW

kñúgevlaézáehIy

edayB(N nig dl´RBmedaykøin nig rs dUcCaxÞiH BÆd*xagelI

lic:t´eTAç BYkstVTaMgenaH k*P&yxøacmþgeT[t edayERskyMza

én:y:yasEdlminmanTwkdUecñaHÉg .

²BYkeyIg:nehIynUvBnøWÉNa BnøWrbs´BYkeyIgenaHÉg :n:t´

‘GaPsSrRBhμesayrsEpndICaGahar’

eTAehIy³ dUecñH . stVTaMgenaH EtgmanesckþIriHKit y¨agenHza

k*kñúgkalenaH stVTaMgLay EdlekItmuneK kñúgGaPsSr-

²Kb|ICakarRbéBNas´hñ@ zaebIBYkeyIgKb|I:nBnøWdéTeT[t! ³ .

RBhμelak cuti cakGaPsSrRBhμelakenaH eRBaHGs´Gayu ß

mNÐlénRBHc&nÞ TMhM 49 eyaCn¾ hak´dUcCadwgnUvcitþ rbs´stV

Gs´buNü Caób:tik; EtgcUleTAekItkñúgelakenH . stVTaMg

TaMgenaH ekIteLIgR:kd . stVTaMgenaHeXIjnUvmNÐlénRBHc&nÞ

enaH CaGñkmanrsμIPøWedayxøÜnÉg Rtac´eTAkñúgGakas:n . stV

enaHehIy mancitþeRtkGréRkeBk hYsRbmaN k*naMKñadak´eQμaH

TaMgenaH PøkSehIynUvEpndImanrsenaH RtUvtNØaRKbsg,t´ehIy

mNÐlRBHc&nÞenaHza ²RBHc&nÞ³ dUecñHhñwgÉg eRBaHBaküEdlBYkeK

BüayamRbwgERbg

tamn&yEdl

eBalehIyza ²mNÐlBnøWd*viessenH hak´dUcCadwgesckþIeBj

elakeBalehIy kñúgGK<J¦sURtÉeNaH . RKaenaH rsμIPøWeday

citþ rbs´BYkeyIg rHeLIgehIy eRBaHehtuenaH mNÐl énBnøW

xøÜnÉg rbs´stVTaMgenaHk*:t´eTA ggwtk*ekItman . stVTaMgenaH

d*viessenH cUrCaRBHc&nÞ³ dUecñH .

edIm|IeZVIoCaBMnUtehIybriePaK


visuTÆimK< ERb

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‘ekItmannk¡tþb\kS’

436

GPiJ¦anieTÞs

qáaj´ k*ekItR:kd . edayn&ydUcKñaenaHEdr vløid*cMerIn manrs

kalebIRBHc&nÞnigRBHGaTitü ekIteLIgR:kdy¨agdUecñHehIyç

qáaj´enaHÉg k*GnþrZan:t´eTA . RsUvsalI Carbs´min:c´daM

nk¡tþb\kS ‘p,ay’ TaMgLay k*ekIteLIgR:kd . cab´taMgGMBI

edayós minmanknÞk´ minmanGg,am mankøinRkGUb manEpøCaGg,r

enaHmk yb´ nig ézá k*ekItR:kd nig Ex knøHEx rdUv nig qñaM

ekIteLIgR:kd . bnÞab´mk PaCn;TaMgLayk*ekIteLIg dl´stV

TaMgLay k*ekItR:kd edaylMdab´ .

TaMgenaH . stVTaMgenaH dak´RsUvsalI kñúgPaCn;ehIy TukelI

mYyeT[t kñúgézáEdlRBHc&nÞ nig RBHGaTitü ekIteLIgR:kd

xñgénpÞaMgzμ . GNþatePøIg taMgeLIgedayxøÜnÉgehIy cMGinnUv

nu@HÉg PñMsienru PñMcRkvaL nig PñMhimBanþ k*ekIteLIgR:kd . k*É

Gg,rRsUvsalIenaHÉg . Gg,renaH køayeTACa:y RbEhlKñanwg

PñMTaMg 3 enaH ekIteLIgR:kd kñúgézáeBjbUN(mI Expl<úN Emn

p,amøiHrYtEmnBit . :yenaH minmankic©EdlRtUveZVI edaysmø ß

Bit minmunmineRkayKñaeLIy . sYrza eRBaHehtuGVI/ . eqøIyza

edaymØÚbeRk[meT . BYkstVTaMgenaH CaGñkR:zñaedIm|IbriePaK nUv

kalebI:yénGg,rez¬A

rsNa> :yk*manrsenaH> Etmþg .

EdleKcMGin

taMgeLIgnUvBBuHTaMgLay

edaydMNalKñaEtmþgç RbeTsTaMgLayBYkmYy CaBMnUk> BYk

‘mURtçkrIsçTVar nig emzun ekItman’

RbeTsTaMgenaH

kalebIstVTaMgenaH briePaKnUvGahard*eRKatRKatenaH mURt

kñúgTIx¬s´> ekItCaPñMTaMgLayç kñúgTITMnab> KWCasmuRTTaMgLayç

nig krIs k*ekItRBm cab´edImBIkarbriePaKGaharenaH . RKaenaH

kñúgTIrabesμI> KWeTACaTIVbTaMgLay k*y¨agenaHÉg .

muxéndMe¶TaMgLay k*Ebkecjmk edIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´kiriyahUr

mYyCaTMnab>

BYkmYyrabesμI>

y¨agNamijç

‘Gahard*RbNItk*:t´eTA’

ecjnUvmURt nig krIsenaH rbs´stVTaMgenaH . PaBCabursk*ekIt

RKaenaH kalebIstVTaMgenaH briePaKnUvEpndImanrsç stV

R:kd dl´burs ÉPaBCa®sþI k*ekItR:kd dl´®sþIEdr . :n»

BYkxøH mansm|úrlÁ stVBYkxøH mansm|úrGaRkk´ edaylMdab´ .

mkza bNþaburs nig®sþITaMgenaH ®sþIsMLwgemIlburs nig burs

bNþastVTaMgenaH BYkstVmansm|úrlÁ EtgemIlgaynUvBYkstV

sMLwgemIl®sþI hYskMNt´ . karRkhl´RkhayeRBaHkam ekIt

Edlmansm|úrGaRkk´ . EpndImanrsenaHÉg k*GnþrZan:t´eTA

man dl´stVTaMgenaH eRBaHkarsMLwgemIlhYskMNt´Cabc©&y .

eRBaHbc©&yénGtimanH ‘karRbkan´éRkeBk’ énstVTaMgLayenaH .

bnÞab´BIenaHmk stVTaMgenaH k*esBnUvemzunZmμ . eRBaHkaresB

RkmrEpndI ekItR:kd . bnÞab´mk edayn&yenaHÉg sUm|IRkmr

nUvGsTÆmμCabc©&y BYkeKTaMgenaH RtUvBYkviJ¦ÚCn tiHed[l eb[t

EpndIenaH rbs´BYkeK k*GnþrZan:t´eTAEdr .

eb[n eZVInUvpÞHTaMgLay eRBaHehtuénkarbiT:MgnUvGsTÆmμenaH .

vliød*cMerInmanrs


visuTÆimK< ERb

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‘ekItmanGTinñaTan’

438

GPiJ¦anieTÞs

nwgbEnæmonUvcMENkénRsUvsalIdl´stVenaH³ dUecñH. k*kalebI

stVTaMgLayenaH enARKb´RKgpÞH dl´nUvTidðanuKti énstVGñk

stVTaMgLay eZVIkarRbCMuKñay¨agenHeRscehIyç RBHd*manRBHPaK

eday

Gg<enHÉg CaRBHeBaZistV kñúgkb|enHmuneK sm&yenaH RBHGg<

lMdab´ . cab´epþImGMBIeBlenaHmk TaMgknÞk´TaMgGg,am rYbrwtnUv

CaGñkmanRBHrUblÁéRkElgCag kñúgstVTaMgLayenaH . RBHGg<

Gg,r . sUm|ITIEdleKRcUtehIyk*minRtLb´duHeLIgvijEdr . stV

CaGñkKWbuK<lKYrKyKn´Cag nig CaGñkmans&kiþeRcInCag RTg´dl´

TaMgenaH Gg<úyRbCMuKña dkdegØImZMza ²mñalKñaeyIgTaMgLay Z(m

edayBuTÆi RTg´GacedIm|IeZVInUvkarpÞújpÞal´ nig karp<geLIg . stV

TaMgLayd*lamk ekItR:kd kñúgstVTaMgLayehIyhñ@ç EmnBit

TaMgenaH k*cUleTArkRBHGg< GgVrkrehIyk*:nsnμteLIg . RBH

kñúgkalmun BYkeyIgCastVekItedayQancitþ‘menamy;’³ dUecñH

eBaZistVenaH R:kdehIy edayRBHnamTaMgLay 3 KW RBHnam

CaedIm . BaküTaMgBYg bNÐitKb|IsMEdgoBisþar tamn&yEdl

za ²mhasmμt;³ eRBaHCaGñkEdlmhaCnenaH snμteLIgehIyç

elakeBalehIy kñúgGK<J¦sURtcuH ‘1’ . tBIenaHmk stVTaMg

RBHnamza ²kS&Rt³ eRBaHRBHGg<CaGZibtICaZM elIextþTaMgLayç

enaH eTIber[bcMPøWERs‘RBMEdn’ . RKaenaH stVdéTeT[t kan´yk

RBHnamza ²raCa³ eRBaHRTg´júaMgGñkdéToeRtkGr edayRBHZm(d*

nUvcMENk rbs´stVmYyeT[t EdleKmin:noehIy . stVTaMg

esμIKña . k*tMENgÉNaCatMENgd*Gs©arükñúgelakç RBHeBaZistV

enaH pþasanUvstVenaH Gs´var;BIrdg kñúgelIkTIbI k*Rbhareday

hñwgÉg RTg´CabursmuneK kñúgtMENgenaH . kalebImNÐlkSRt

eRK]gRbharTaMgLay man:téd dMudI nig dMbgCaedIm .

elIktaMgRBHeBaZistV oCaGñkmuneK y¨agenHehIyç sUm|IvNÑ;

RbkbedayCatiCaGñkx¢ilRcGUsNamYy

eTIbeZVIkarsnSM

‘ekItmanRBHraCadMbUg’

TaMgLaymanvNÑ;RBahμN¾CaedIm k*ekIteLIg edaylMdab´ .

kalebIkarlYcRTBü kartiHed[lKña karniyaykuhk nigkar

‘ry;kalénGseg¡yükb|kñúgeteCasMvdþ;’

kan´yknUvdMbg ekIteLIgehIyç stVTaMgenaH k*mkRbCMu RbwkSaKña

kñúgkb|TaMg 4 enaH cab´taMgGMBImhaemXEdljúaMgkb|o

za ²ebIdUecñaHmanEtBYkeyIgKb|IsnμtnUvstVmYyrUbç kñúgcMeNam

vinas rhUtdl´kardac´RsLHénGNþatePIøg enHCaGseg¡yümYy

BYkeyIg stVNa Kb|Ib®g,abnUvstVEdlxøÜnKb|Ib®g,ab Kb|ItiH

ehAza ²sMvdþkb|³ . cab´taMgGMBIGNþatePøIg EdljúaMgkb|o

ed[l nUvstVEdlxøÜnKb|ItiHed[l Kb|IbeNþjecj nUvstVEdl

vinas dac´RsLHGs´eTA rhUtdl´kekIt:nCamhaemX Edl

xøÜnKb|IbeNþjecj:n edayRbéBç

júaMgEsnekadicRkvaLoeBj enHCaGseg¡yüTI 2 elakehAza

1- GK<J¦sURt manenAkñúg

mYyeT[t

suÇ TIÇ :Ç KaKTI 18

eyIgTaMgLay

TMB&rTI 53 .

²sMvdþdðayIkb|³ .

cab´taMgGMBIkekItmhaemXmk rhUtdl´kar


visuTÆimK< ERb

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440

GPiJ¦anieTÞs

ekItR:kdeLIg énRBHc&nÞ nig RBHGaTitüenH CaGseg¡yü TI3

sáb´drabenaHç bu¨EnþluHRKbsg,t´nUvrbs´Edlrab´za sg¡arTaMgBYg

elakoeQμaHza

cab´taMgGMBIkarekItR:kdeLIg

EdleTAtamTwkehIy eTIbsáb´rmáab´ KWdl´nUvkar:t´eTA y¨agqab´

énRBHc&nÞ nig RBHGaTitü mk rhUtdl´mhaemXRbl&ykb| mþg

rh&sç Gakas xagelI CamYynwgGakas xageRkam k*ggwtsUnü

eT[t enHCaGseg¡yü TI4 elakehAza ²vivdþdðayIkb|³ . bYn

QwgEtmYy dUecñHÉg . BaküTaMgBYg dUcKñanwgBaküEdleBal

Gseg¡yüenH Camhakb|mYy .

ehIy ‘kñúgeteCasMvdþ;’ . bu¨Enþ kñúgGae:sMvdþ;enH elakeZVInUv

²vivdþkb|³

.

karvinas edayePøIg nig kartaMgeLIgzμI ‘énBuTÆek¡tþ’ bNÐit

GaPsSrRBhμelak oCacm|g ekIteLIgR:kd Etmüa¨g . mYy eT[t stVTaMgLay EdlcuticakRBhμelakCan´suPkiNØ; ehIy

Kb|IRCab tamn&yEdleBalmkenH Cacm|g .

‘Gae:sMvdþ;’

eTAekIt kñúgTIepSg> manRBhμelakCan´GaPsSr;CaedIm .

‘253’ cMENkkñúgsm&yNa kb| vinasedayTwk . bNÐit

‘ry;kalénGseg¡yükb|kñúgGae:sMvdþ;’

Kb|IsMEdgoBisþar tamn&yEdleBalehIykñúgkalmunza ²taMg

kñúgkb|TaMg 4 enaH taMgBImhaemXRbl&ykb| drabdl´

EtGMBIedImmk mhaemXEdljúaMgkb|ovinas taMgeLIgehIy³

TwkRkutRbl&ykb|dac´RsLHeTA enH CaGseg¡yümYy . taMg

dUecñHCaedImnu@HÉg . bu¨EnþesckþIenH CaesckþIEbøkKña . mhaemX

GMBITwkRkutdac´RsLHGs´ drabdl´mhaemX kekIteLIg enHCa

TwkRkut EdlCaGñkRbl&ykb| kñúgGae:sMvdþ;enH taMgeLIg dUc

Gseg¡yü TI2 . taMgGMBImhaemX kekIteLIg drabdl´karekIt

CaRBHGaTitü TI2 kñúgeteCasMvdþ;enaHÉg . mhaemXTwkRkutenaH

eLIgR:kd énRBHc&nÞ nig RBHGaTitü enHCaGseg¡yü TI3 . taMg

CadMbUg kalbgúÁrePø{glÁit> Zøak´cuHmk k*bgúÁrcuH edayRKab´ePø{g

GMBIkarekIteLIgR:kd énRBHc&nÞnigRBHGaTitü drabdl´mhaemX

ZM edaylMdab´ júaMgEsnekadicRkvaLoeBj . TITaMgLayman

júaMgkb|ovinassaCazμIeT[t enH CaGseg¡yü TI4 . ‘bUkrYm’

RbwzBInigPñMCaedIm EdlTwkRkut Bal´RtUvehIy> k*rlay . Twk

Gseg¡yü 4 enH Camhakb|mYy .

RtUvxül´TaMgLayRTedayCMuvij . Twkcab´yktaMgGMBIEpndI rhUt dl´RBhμelakCan´TutiyCÄanPUmi . TwkenaH júaMgRBhμelakTaMgbI kñúgRBhμelakCan´TutiyCÄanPUmienaH orlayehIy taMgenA cuc cMRBhμelakCan´suPkiNØ; . TwkEdlRbl&ykb|enaH Edldl´ nUvkarrab´za

sg¡ar sUm|IRtwmEttUcqμar manenA drabNaç

k*min

karvinas edayTwk nig kartaMgeLIgzμI ‘énBuTÆek¡tþ’ bNÐit Kb|IRCab tamn&yEdl:neBalmkenHÉg .

‘vaeyasMvdþ;’ kñúgsm&yNa kb| vinas edayxül´ . bNÐitKb|IsMEdg BaküTaMgBYgo:nBisþar tamn&yEdleBalehIy kñúgkalmunza


visuTÆimK< ERb ²taMgEtGMBIedImmk

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mhaemXEdljúaMgkb|ovinas

442

GPiJ¦anieTÞs

taMgeLIg

Lay kñúgEsnekadicRkvaLenaH b¨HTg<icCl´KñanwgKñaehIy k*eTA

ehIy³ dUecñHCaedImnu@HÉg . EtesckþIenHCaesckþIEbøkKña . xül´

CalÁitexÞcxÞI vinasGs´eTA . xül´cab´yk taMgGMBIEpndIeLIgeTA

taMgeLIgRBm edIm|IRbl&ykb| kñúgvaeyasMvdþ;enH eRb[bdUcCa

drabdl´RBhμelakCan´ttiyCÄanPUmi . xül´nu@H júaMgRBhμelak

RBHGaTitü TI2 kñúgeteCasMvdþ;enaHÉg . xül´enaH CadMbUg júaMg

bICan´ kñúgttiyCÄanPUmienaH ovinasehIy k*taMgenAcucykRBhμ

ZUlIeRKIm otaMgeLIg bnÞab´mk k*júaMgZUlIlÁitotaMgeLIg júaMg

elakCan´evhböl; . xül´enaH júaMgvtæúEdlrab´zasg¡arTaMgBYg

xSac´lÁit júaMgxSac´eRKIm júaMgvtæúTaMgLaymanRkYs nig zμCaedIm

ovinas y¨agenHehIy k*vinasxøÜnÉgeTApgEdr . Gakas BÆd*

otaMgeLIg dUecñH drabdl´júaMgzμTMhMbu¨npÞHkMBUl nig edImeQIZM

xagelI CamYynwgGakasBÆd*xageRkam k*ggwtsUnüQwgEtmYy .

EdlfitenA kñúgTIeKak otaMgeLIg . vtæúTaMgLayenaH eLIgBIdI

BaküTaMgBYg dUcKñanwgBaküEdleBalehIy ‘kñúgeteCasMvdþ;’ .

eTAkan´Gakas EtminZøak´mkeT[teT . vtúæTaMgenaHrlay:t´exÞc

bu¨Enþ kñúgvaeyasMvdþ;enH elak rab´BIsuPkiNØRBhμelak CaedIm

xÞIGs´ kñúgGakasenaHEtmþg . lMdab´enaH xül´taMgeLIgehIy

eTA k*ekItR:kd . cMENkÉstVTaMgLay cuti cakRBhμelak

BÆd*xageRkaménmhaRbwzBI júaMgEpndIoRtLb´ :s´eCIgeLIgeTA

Can´evhböl;ehIy k*eTAekIt kñúgTITaMgLay manRBhμelak Can´

xagelIehIye:HeTABÆd*Gakas . bMENkmYy> énEpndIRbmaN

suPkiNØ;CaedIm .

100 eyaCn¾ k*man RbmaN 200 eyaCn¾ 300ç 400ç nig

‘ry;kalénGseg¡yükb|kñúgvaeyasMvdþ;’

RbmaN 500 eyaCn¾k*man :nEbkx©ayehIy RtUvkMLaMgxül´

kñúgkb|TaMg 4 enaH taMgBImhaemXjúaMgkb|ovinas drab

bk´eLIg ehIylÁitexÞcxÞIrlay:t´Gs´BÆd*GakasdUcKña . sUm|I

dl´xül´júaMgkb|ovinasdac´RsLHeTA enH CaGseg¡yümYy .

PñMcRkvaL sUm|IPñMsienru k*xül´bk´eLIgeTAelIehIye:HeTA BÆd*

taMgBIdac´RsLH:t´xül´eTA drabdl´mhaemXkekIt ‘ePø{gZMCa

GakasEdr . PñMTaMgBIrenaH b¨HTg<icnUvKñanwgKñaehIy k*lÁitexÞcxÞI

eRK]gsMerc’ enHCaGseg¡yü TI2ç taMgBImhaemXkekIt drab

rlay:t´Gs´ . xül´enaH kaljúaMgviman énPumμdðkeTvtaTaMg

dl´karekIteLIgR:kd

Lay nig vimanGakasdðkeTvtaTaMgLay ovinas edayó:y

TI3ç taMgBIkarekIteLIgR:kd énRBHc&nÞ nig RBHGaTitü drabdl´

dUcKñaenaHÉg eZVInUvkamavcreTvelak 6 Can´ ovinasehIy eTIb

mhaemXjúaMgkb|ovinasmþgeT[t enHCaGseg¡yü TI4 . bYn

júaMgEsnekadicRkvaL ovinas . PñMcRkvaLCamYynwgPñMcRkvaL

Gseg¡yüenH Camhakb|mYy .

PñMhimBanþ CamYynwgPñMhimBanþ

PñMsienru

CamYynwgPñMsienru

TaMg

énRBHc&nÞnigRBHGaTitü

karvinas edayxül´

enHCaGseg¡yü

nig kartaMgeLIgsaCazμI ‘énBuTÆek¡tþ’


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bNÐitKb|IRCab tamn&yEdl:neBalmkehIyenaHÉg .

‘elakvinasedayGkuslmUlCaehtu’

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GPiJ¦anieTÞs

minEtmYyxøH . rlwk:n edayRbkardUcemþc/ . rlwk:neday n&yza ²GmuRtasw³ dUecñHCaedIm .

‘254’ sYrza ²elakvinasy¨agenHeRBaHehtuGVI/³. eqøIyza

kñúg:f;enaH Baküza ²GmuRtasw³ esckþIza kñúgsMvdþkb|

²eRBaHGkuslmUlCaehtu³ . EmnBit kalebIGkuslmUl duH

ÉeNaHkþI kñúgPBÉeNaHkþI kñúgkMeNItÉeNaHkþI kñuúgKtiÉeNaHkþI

daleLIgehIyç elak Etgvinas y¨agenH . k*elakenaH kal

kñúgviJ¦aNdðiti ÉeNaHkþI kñúgstþavas ÉeNaHkþI kñúgstþnikay

ebIraK; Rkas´Cag k*vinas edayePøIgç kalebIeTas; Rkas´Cag

ÉeNaHkþI xúM\:nekItehIy . Baküza ²ÉvMnaema³ KW xú\MeQμaHtisS;

vinas edayTwk . bu¨EnþGacarüBYkxøH eBalza ²kalebIeTas;

ß busS; . Baküza ²ÉvMeKaetþa³ KW x\úMCakc©ayneKaRt ß ksSb

Rkas´Cag elak vinasedayePøIgç kalebIraK; Rkas´Cag vinas

eKaRt . BaküTaMgBIrenH RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ehIy eday

edayTwk³ dUecñH . kalebIemah; Rkas´Cag vinasedayxül´ .

GMNacénkarrlwkeXIjnUveQμaH nig eKaRt rbs´xøÜn kñúgPBEdl

k*Éelak kalvinasy¨agenH vinas edayePøIg Gs´ 7 ézá

knøgeTAehIy rbs´Pikú¡enaH . RbsinNaebI Pikú¡CaGñkR:zñaedIm|I

minmancenøaHeLIyç kñúgézá TI8 eTIbvinas edayTwkç vinas eday

rlwkeXIj nUvkardl´RBmedayB(Nsm|úrkþI nUvPav;énxøÜnCaGñk

ePøIg Gs´ 7 ézá kñúgézá TI8 vinas edayTwk mþgeT[t edayn&y

rs´enAezakTab ß ézøzøakþI nUvPaBCaGñkmanesckþIsux ß Tuk¡ d*

enHÉg elak kalvinas kñúgézáCaKRmb´ 8 > y¨agenH vinas

Rkas´ERklkþI nUvPav;énxøÜnCaGñkmanGayuEvg ß GayuxøIkþI rbs´

edayTwk Gs´var; 7 dg vinasedayePøIg Gs´ 7 ézá mþgeT[t .

xøÜn kñúgkalenaH Pikú¡enaH rEmgrlwkeXIj nUvkMeNItTaMgenaH:n

edaykalmanRbmaNbu¨eNÑH 63 kb| :nknøgeTAehIy . kñúg

EmnBit . eRBaHehtuenaH :nCaRBHd*manRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´za

cenøaH 63 kb|enaH xül´EdlTb´ nUvézáEdlnwgvinas edayTwk

²manB(Nsm|úry¨agenH .l. mankMNt´kalénGayuy¨agenH³

sUm|Imkdl´ehIy :nnUvOkasehIy k*kMcat´kMcaynUvsuPkiNØ

dUecñHCaedIm .

RBhμEdlmanGayu 64 kb|eBjbribUr júaMgelakovinas:n .

‘Ek:lIEdlsMEdgGakar;rlwk’

kñuúg:f;TaMgenaH Baküza ²ÉvMveNÑa³ KW CaGñkmansm|úr-s ß mansm|úrexμA . Baküza ²Évmahaera³KW CaGñkman:yénGg,r

k*Pikú¡ Gñkrlwk:n Gs´kb|TaMgLay sUm|IkalrlwkeXIj

RsUvsalIEdlpSMedaysac´ ß manEpøeQIRbRBwtþeTACaePaCn .

nUvbueBVnivas kñúgcMeNamkb|TaMgenaH EtgrlwkeXIj Gs´sMvdþ-

Baküza ²ÉvM suxTuk¡b|disMevTI³ esckþIza CaGñkesaynUvsux

kb| minEtmYyxøH Gs´vivdþkb| minEtmYyxøH Gs´sMvdþvivdþkb|

nigTuk¡EdlRbRBwtþeTAkñúgkay nig citþ ß manvtæúEdlRbkbeday


visuTÆimK< ERb

445

446

GPiJ¦anieTÞs

Gamis nig minmanGamisCaedImCaRbePT edayGenkb|kar .

esckþIza GatμaGjenaH cüútcakTIenaH KW cakTICaTIcUleTAekIt

Baküza ²Évmayubriyenþa³ KWmankMNt´GayuRbmaN 100 qñaM ß

minmancenøaH ehIy:nekIt kñúgTIenH KWkñuúgRtkUlkSRt ß kñúg

manGayudl´eTA 84ç000 kb| y¨agenH . Baküza ²esa teta

RtkUlRBhμN¾eQμaHÉeNaH .

cueta GmuRt óT:Tw³ esckþIza mYyeT[t GatμaGjenaH cuti

Baküza ²«ti³ KW ÉvM ERbza edayRbkardUceBalmkenH .

cakPB ß cakkMeNIt cakKti cakviJ¦aNdðiti cakstþavas

Baküza ²sakarM sóeTÞsM³ esckþIza nUvbueBVnivas EdleQμaH

cakstþnikayenaH ehIyekIt kñúgPB ß kñúgkMeNIt kñúgKti kñúg

za RbRBwtþeTAmYyGenIøedayóeTÞs edayGMNacnam nig eKaRtç

viJ¦aNdðiti kñúgstþavas kñúgstþnikay eQμaHÉeNaH . Baküza

eQμaHza RbRBwtþeTAmYyGenøIedayGakar; edayGMNacB(Nsm|úr

²tRta:sw³ esckþIza bnÞab´mk sUm|IkñúgPB ß kñúgkMeNIt kñúg

CaedIm . EmnBit edaynamnigeKaRt stV KWelaksMEdgeLIgza

Kti

²tisS; ksSb;³ dUecñHCaedIm . edayRbkarepSg> manB(N

kñúgviJ¦aNdðiti

kñúgstþavas

kñúgstþnikayenaH

GatμaGj

k*:nekItehIy mþgeT[t . Baküza ²ÉvMnaema³ dUecñHCaedIm k* mann&ydUc:neBalmkehIyhñwgÉg .

sm|úrCaedIm stV RtUveKdwg:n edayepSgKñaza ²mnusSRsÉm mnusSs³ dUecñH . eRBaHehtuenaH namnigeKaRt eQμaHzaóeTÞsç

n&ymYyeT[t Baküza ²GmuRtasw³ enH CaBakürlwkeXIj

ehtuTaMgLayepSgBIenH eQμaHzaGakar; . Baküza ²GenkvihitM

tamR:zñarbs´Pikú¡enaH GñkcuHkan´karrlwk tamlMdab´ . Bakü

bueBVnivasM GnusSrti³ enHsuTÆEtCaBakümanesckþIgayyl´eT .

za ²esa teta cueta³ enH CaBaküBicarNa rbs´Pikú¡Edlnwk RtLb´mkvij

eRBaHehtuNaç

eRBaHehtuenaH

Baküza

²GmuRt

óT:sw³ enH bNÐitKb|IRCabza ²CaBakü KWRBHmanRBHPaK RTg´ sMedAyk nUvTICaTIekIténPikú¡enaH CalMdab´ énkarekIt kñúgPBenH hñwgÉg Rtas´ehIykñúgbTza ²eTAekItehIy kñúgPBenH³ dUecñH . cMENkBaküza ²tRta:sw³ dUecñH y¨agenHCaedIm KWRBHmanRBH PaK RTg´Rtas´ehIy edIm|IsMEdgnUvkarrlwker]y> nUveQμaH nig eKaRtCaedIm kñúgTICaTIcUleTAekIt minmancenøaH énkarcUleTAekIt enH kñúgPBenaHénPikú¡nu@H . Baküza ²esa teta cueta «Zubbenña³

bueBVnivasanusStiJ¦aNkza cb´ehIy .

v

v v


visuTÆimK< ERb

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cutUb:tJ¦aNkza

448

GPiJ¦anieTÞs

edayGMNacénZm(CaeRK]genAdUcCaTiBV nig eRBaHCaTIGaRs&ynUv

‘255’ bNÐitKb|IRCabesckþI kñúgkarBN(nanUvjaN kñúg karcüút nig karcUleTAekIt énstVTaMgLay dUcteTAenH .

‘EkGtæ:lIkñúgcutUb:tJ¦aN’

Zm(CaeRK]genAdUcCaTiBV rbs´xøÜnpg . jaNckú¡ eQμaHza CaTiBV eRBaHmanBnøWPøWxøaMg edaykarkMNt´nUvGaelakksiNpg . eQμaH za CaTiBV eRBaHmandMeNIreTAxøaMg edaykareXIjnUvrUb EdltaMg

Baküza ²cutUb:tJ¦aNay³ esckþIza edIm|Idwgkñúgkarcüút

enA kñúgTImanxageRkACJ¢aMgCaedIm:npg . Baküza ²TiBV³ TaMg

nig kñúgkarcUleTAekIt . manGZib|ayza ²karcüút nig karcUl

Gs´enaH bNÐiKb|IRCab tamTMngénKm¬IrsMrab´Eks&BÞÉeNaHcuH .

eTAekIt énstVTaMgLay KWRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´RCab edayjaN

jaNenaHeQμaHza ckú¡ eRBaHGtæza eXIj mYyeT[t eQμaH

ÉNaç edIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´jaNenaH KWedIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´TiBVckú¡ jaN³ . Baküza ²citþM GPinIhrti GPinienñaemti³ esckþIza Pikú¡

za ckú¡ eRBaHdUcCaEPñk ehtueZVIkic©énEPñk . jaNckú¡enaH

eQμaHza

sÁatEbøk

eRBaHPav;énjaNenaH

enaH begÁanbrikmμcitþeTA nigbJ¢ÚnbrikmμcitþeTA . Baküza ²esa³

mankarsÁatedayviessKWTidðiCaehtu eRBaHkiriyaeXIjnUvkarcüúti

KWPikú¡GñkmankarbegÁancitþeTA :neZVIehIyenaH . cMENkkñúgBakü

nigkarcUleTAekIt . eRBaHza buK<lNa eXIjRtwmEtcutibu¨eNÑaH

TaMgLaymanBaküza ²TieBVn³ dUecñHCaedIm manGZib|aydUcteTA

mineXIjnUvkarcUleTAekIt buK<lenaH EtgRbkan´ykóecäTTidði .

‘TiBVckú¡’

buK<lNa eXIjnUvRtwmEtkarcUleTAekItbu¨eNÑaH mineXIjnUvcuti

ckú¡ eQμaHza TiBV eRBaHPav;énckú¡enaHdUcCarbs´TiBV . Emn

buK<lenaH EtgRbkan´ykssStTidði eRBaHkarekIteLIgR:kd én

Bit bsaTckú¡ rbs´eTvtaTaMgLay CaZmμCatekItGMBIsucritkmμ

stVzμI . cMENkbuK<lNaeXIjnUvcuti nig karcUleTAekItTaMgBIr

KWeTasTaMgLay manRbmat´ esøsμ nig QamCaedIm minraMgsÞH

enaH buK<lenaH eRBaHehtuEdlrMlgputnUvTidðiTaMgBIry¨agenaH:n

ehIy GacTTYlnUvGarmμN¾ sUm|IkñúgTIqáay:n eRBaHPav;énTiBV

eTIbkareXIjenaH rbs´buK<lenaH CaehtuénTidðivisuTÆi . cMENkÉ

ckú¡enaH rYcRsLHehIycakeRK]gesAhμg eTIbeQμaHzaCaTiBV . k*

Pikú¡BuTÆbuRtTaMgLay EtgeXIjnUvcuti nig ób:tTaMgBIrenHBit .

sUm|IjaNckú¡ EdlekItGMBIkMLaMg énvIriyPavnaenH k*R:kddUc

eRBaHehtuenaH :nCax\úMeBalza ²jaNckú¡enaH eQμaHza sÁat

CabsaTckú¡enaHEdr eRBaHehtuenaH jaNckú¡enaH eTIbeQμaHza

Ebøk eRBaHCaehtuénTidðivisuTÆi eRBaHkareXIjTaMgcutiTaMgób:t³ .

TiBV eRBaHPav;énjaNckú¡enaH R:kdesμIdUcCaTiBV . jaNckú¡

jaNckú¡enaH bNÐitKb|IRCabza ²eQμaHza knøgnUvckú¡Carbs´

enaH

mnusS eRBaHeXIjnUvrUbknøgóbcar; rbs´mnusS:n ß eQμaHza

eQμaHza TiBV eRBaHPav;énjaNenaH

KWPikú¡:ncMeBaHehIy


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GPiJ¦anieTÞs

knøgnUvckú¡Carbs´mnusS eRBaHPav;énjaNenaH knøgnUvmMsckú¡

Baküza ²TuBVeNѳ KW eQμaHza Rbkbedaysm|úrminCaTIR:zña

EdlCarbs´énmnusS . edayTiBVckú¡ d*brisuTÆsÁat knøgnUvckú¡Ca

minCaTIrIkray nig minCaTIeBjcitþ eRBaHRbkbedaypléneTas;

rbs´mnusSenaH .

GZib|ayza ²manrUbminlÁepSgBIrUbsmrmü³ . Baküza ²suKet³

Baküza ²setþ bsSti³ KW Pikú¡RkeLkemIlnUvstVTaMgLay dUcCaeKemIleXIj

edaymMsckú¡EdlCarbs´mnusS

.

kñúgBIr

bTza ²cvmaen óbbC¢maen³ enaH manGZib|ayza ; kñúgxN; éncutikþI kñuúgxN;énóbbtþikþI GñkNamYyminGacedIm|IeXIj eday TiBVckú¡:neT . cMENkstVTaMgLayNa CaGñkmancutiCit nwg cüút kñúgeBl«LÚvenH eRBaHehtuenaH stVTaMgLayenaH RBHman RBHPaK RTg´sMEdgehIyza ²kMBugcüút³ dUecñHç cMENkÉstVTaMg LayÉNa

Edlcab´bdisnÆiehIy

eRBaHehtuenaH

stVTaMgLayenaH

ekItehIy

Gm|aj´mijenH

RBHd*manRBHPaK

RTg´sMEdg

ehIyza ²kMBugcUleTAekIt³ . RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´sMEdgza ²Pikú¡ enaHeXIj nUvstVTaMgLayenaH EdlkMBugcüút nig kMBugcUleTA ekIt mansPaBEbbenH³ dUecñH . Baküza ²hIen³ esckþIza eQμaHzaRtUveKeb[teb[nehIy KW eb[teb[nRCulehIy lamehIy lamejasehIy edayGMNac énehtuTaMgLay manCatiRtkUl nig ePaK; CaedIm EdleQμaHza

KWdl´ehIynUvKtilÁ ß KWza CaGñksþúksþmÖ CaGñkmanRTBüeRcIn eRBaHRbkbedayplénGelaP; . Baküza ²TuK<et³ KW dl´nUv TuKti ß TIT&lRk KWza man:ynigTwktic eRBaHRbkbedaypl énelaP; . Baküza ²yzakmμúbeK³ KW kmμNa> EdlxøÜnsnSM TukehIy cUldl´ehIy edaykmμenaH> .

‘yzakmμúbKJ¦aN’ ‘256’ kñúgbTTaMgenaH kic©énTiBVckú¡ RBHd*manRBHPaK RTg´ Rtas´ehIy

edaybTxagedImTaMgLay

manbTza

²cvmaen³

dUecñHCaedIm . cMENkkic©ényzakmμúbKJ¦aN ‘jaNdwgza stV cUldl´Ktitamkmμrbs´xøÜn’

KWRBHGg<RTg´Rtas´ehIy

edaybT

‘yzakmμúbeK’enH . k*enHCalMdab´énkarekIteLIgénjaNenaH . Pikú¡ kñúgsasnaenH cMerInGaelakksiN omanmuxeq¬aHeTA kan´nrk BÆd*xageRkam rEmgeXIjnUvstVTaMgLay EdlekItkñúg nrk EdlkMBugEtesaynUvesckþITuk¡d*ZMç kareXIjenaH RKan´Et Cakic© énTiBVckú¡bu¨eNÑaHÉg . Pikú¡enaH eZVITukkñúgcitþ y¨agenHza

Tabezak eRBaHRbkbedayplénemah; . Baküza ²bNIet³ KW

²stVTaMgLayenH eZVInUvkmμGVIhñ@ :nCaesaynUvesckþITuk¡enH³ .

eQμaHzapÞúyGMBIezakTabenaH eRBaHRbkbedayplénGemah; .

lMdab´enaH jaNEdlmankmμenaHCaGarmμN¾ k*ekIteLIg dl´Pikú¡

Baküza ²suveNѳ KW eQμaHza RbkbehIyedaysm|úrCaTIR:zña CaTIrIkray nig CaTIeBjcitþ

eRBaHRbkbedayplénGeTas; .

enaHza ²stVTaMgenH esaynUvmhaTuk¡enH eRBaHeZVIkmμeQμaHenH³ dUecñH . n&ydUcKñaenaH Pikú¡ cMerInGaelakksiNomanmuxeq¬aHeTA


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452

GPiJ¦anieTÞs

kan´eTvelak BÆd*xagelI rEmgeXIjnUvstVTaMgLay EdlkMBug

vinas CaGñkriHKn´ GZib|ayza CaGñkeCr CaGñktiHed[l nUvRBH

Etesaysm|tþid*eRcIn kñúgTiBVvimanTaMgLay mannnÞv&n misSkv&n

Griy; KW RBHBuTÆ RBHbec©kBuTÆ nig RBHsav&kTaMgLay eday

nig :ruskv&nCaedImç sUm|IkareXIjenaH k*RKan´EtCakic©énTiBVckú¡

ehaceTAsUm|IRBHesatabnñCaRKhsæTaMgLay edayGnþimvtæú ß

hñwgÉg . Pikú¡enaH eZVITukkñúgcitþ y¨agenHza ²stVTaMgLayenH

edaykarkMcat´KuN . kñúgGakar;TaMg 2 enaH buK<lGñkeBalza

eZVInUvkmμGVIhñ@ eTIbesaynUvsm|tþienH³ . lMdab´enaH jaNEdl

²smNZm( rbs´buK<lTaMgLayenH minmaneTç buK<lTaMgenHmin

mankmμenaHCaGarmμN¾

²stVTaMgenH

EmnCasmN;eT³ dUecñH Kb|IRCabza ²tiHed[l edayGnþimvtæú³ .

esaynUvsm|tþienH eRBaHeZVInUvkmμeQμaHenH³ dUecñH . jaNKWkar

buK<lkaleBal nUvBaküTaMgLaymanBaküza ²QankþI viemak¡kþI

dwgenH eQμaHza yzakmμúbKJ¦aN . eQμaHza brikmμepSg min

mK<kþI plkþI rbs´buK<lTaMgLayenHminmaneT³ dUecñHCaedIm Kb|I

mandl´jaNenHeT . k*brikmμepSg énjaNenH minman y¨ag

RCabza ²eBaltiHed[ledayGMNacénkarkMcat´KuN³ . k*buK<l

Naç sUm|IGnaKtMsJ¦aN k*minman brikmμepSg y¨agenaHEdr .

GñktiHed[lenaH kaldwg eBaltiHed[lkþI kalmindwg k*eBaltiH

eRBaHza

ed[lnUvRBHGriy;kþIç ‘kartiHed[lenH’ CakartiHed[l nUvGriy;

k*ekIteLIg

dl´Pikú¡enaHza

jaNEdlmanTiBVckú¡CaTItaMgTaMgLayhñwgÉg

rEmg

sMerc:n CamYynwgTiBVckú¡enHEmnBit .

edayRbkarTaMgBIrEmnBit . kartiHed[lRBHGriy;enH Cakmμd*Zán´

‘Tuc©rit’

Xat´sYK(pg Xat´mK<pg RbEhlKñanwgGnnþriykmμEdr bu¨EnþCakmμ

kñúgbTTaMgLaymanbTza ²kayTuc©rietn³ dUecñHCaedIm man GZib|ayza ; karRbRBwtþiGaRkk´ ß karRbRBwtþi RtUveTasRbTUsþ ehIy

eRBaHCakarRbRBwtþiEdlsÁúyedaykiels

eRBaHehtuenaH

EdlenAEk:n .

edIm|IbMPøW nUvkmμKWkartiHed[l nUvRBHGriy;enaH

o:nc|as´las´ bNÐitKb|IRCaber]genH dUcteTA .

‘er]gPikú¡kMeLaHtiHed[lRBHGriy;’

eTIbeQμaHza Tuc©rit . karRbRBwtþiGaRkk´edaykay ß karRbRBwtþi

:n»mkza RBHezr;mYyGg< nig Pikú¡kMeLaHmYyGg< Rtac´eTA

GaRkk´ EdlekIteLIgehIy tampøÚvkay ehtuenaH eTIbeQμaHza

biNÐ:Rt kñúgRsukmYy . elakTaMg 2 Gg<enaH :nnUvbbrekþA

kayTuc©rit .

RtwmEtmYye:y kñúgpÞHCadMbUghñwgÉg . ÉcMeBaHRBHezr; xül´

n&y sUm|IkñúgbTTaMgLayeRkAenH k*n&yenHEdr .

bTza ²smnñaKta³ CaGñkRbkbRBmehIy .

‘GriyubvaT’ Baküza ²GriyanM óbvaTka³ esckþIza CaGñkR:zñanUvesckþI

kñuúgeBaH cat´edat . RBHezr;enaH Kitza ²bbrenH CaTIsb|ay dl´GatμaGjç bbrenH minTan´RtCak´ drabNa GatμaGjnwghut nUvbbrenaH drabenaH³ dUecñH . elakKg´hutbbr elIkMNat´eQI


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EdlbuK<lTaMgLay naMmkehIy edIm|IRbeyaCn¾ dl´ZrNITVar . Pikú¡kMeLaHeRkAenH

k*xñaj´cMeBaHRBHezr;enaH

GPiJ¦anieTÞs

eTasenaH dl´x\úMRBHkruNapgcuH³ .

²elakta

RbsinNaebI RBHGriy; CaGñkec[secjeTAehIykan´Tis

cas´ eRskXøanxøaMgkøaNas´ eTIb:neZVInUvkmμEdlKYrxμaseG[n

Pikú¡GñktiHed[l Kb|IeTAedayxøÜnÉg ß bJ¢ÚnshZmμikTaMgLay

dl´GtμaGj³ . RBHezr; Rtac´eTA kñúgRsukehIy k*nimnþeTAvtþ

mansTÆiviharikCaedImeTA ehIyKb|IjúaMgRBHGriy;oGt´eTasoç

eBaleTAkan´Pikú¡kMeLaHza ²mñalGavuesa TIBwg kñúgRBHsasnaenH

Etza RbsinebIPikú¡GñktiHed[l CaGñkminGacedIm|IeTA TaMgminGac

rbs´Gñk manEdrßeT/³ . Pikú¡kMeLaHTUlza ²RBHkruNa RBHKuN

edIm|IbJ¢ÚneTAeTç RtUveTAkan´sMNak´énPikú¡TaMgLay EdlKg´enA

m©as´ x\úMRBHkruNa CaesatþabnñbuK<l³ . RBHezr;eBalza ²mñal

kñuúgvtþenaHç zaebI Pikú¡TaMgenaH CaGñkekμgCagç Kb|IGg<úyRcehagç

Gavuesa ebIdUecñaH GñkkMu:neZVIehIy nUvesckþIBüayam edIm|ImK<

zaebIPikú¡TaMgenaHCaGñkcas´Cagç Kb|IRbtibtþi tamn&yEdlelak

BÆd*xagelIeLIy³ . Pikú¡kMeLaH TUlsYrza ²eRBaHehtuGVI RBHKuN

eBalehIy kñúgvuD¿buK<lnu@HÉg ehIyKb|IeBal suMxmaeTasza

m©as´/³ . RBHezr;eBalza ²RBHxINaRsBKWGñktiHed[lehIy³.

²bBiRtRBHKuNm©as´

Pikú¡kMeLaHenaH júaMgRBHezr;enaH oGt´eTasehIy . eRBaHkarsMu

elakd*manGayueQμaHÉeNaH

xmaeTasenaH

nUveTasenaHdl´x\úMpg³ dUecñH . kalebIRBHGriy;minGt´eTaso

kmμenaH

eBalza

454

rbs´Pikú¡kMeLaHenaH

k*:nCakmμtaMgenA

tamRbRktIvijehIy .

kñúgTIcMeBaHmuxeTç

‘viZIxmaeTas’

x\úM:neBalehIy

nUvBaküenHpg>

cMeBaH

sUmelakd*manGayuGg<enaH

Gt´

Pikú¡GñktiHed[l Kb|IeZVIkarjúaMgPikú¡TaMgenaH o

Gt´eTasenaHoEmnBit .

eRBaHehtuenaH sUm|IbuK<lÉNamYy tiHed[l nUvRBHGriy;ç

RbsinNaebI RBHGriy;enaH CaPikú¡GñkRtac´eTAEtmñak´Égç TI

buK<lGñktiHed[lenaH Kb|IeTAç zaebIelakcas´CagxøÜn Kb|IGg<úy

kEnøgEdlelakKg´enA k*minR:kd TIEdlelakeTA k*minR:kdç

RcehagehIy júaMgRBHGriy;oGt´eTasoza ²x\úM:neBalehIy

Pikú¡GñktiHed[l Kb|IeTAkan´sMNak´ énPikú¡CabNÐitmYyrUb ehIy

nUvBaküenHpg>

Kb|IeBalza ²bBiRtRBHKuNm©as´ x\úM:neBal nUvBaküenHpg>

cMeBaHelakd*manGayuç

sUmelakm©as´Gt´nUv

eTasenaH dl´x\úMpg³ dUecñHehIyç zaebI Pikú¡GñktiHed[lenaHekμg

cMeBaHelak

Cag RtUvzVaybg<MehIyGg<úyRcehag p<gGJ¢lI júaMgRBHGriy;

enaHer]y> EtgmanesckþIsþayeRkay etIx\úMnwgeZVIdUcemþceTA/³ .

oGt´eTasoza ²bBiRtRBHKuNm©as´ x\úMkruNa :neBalehIy

Pikú¡CabNÐitenaH nwgeBalza ²elakm©as´ kMuKiteLIyç RBHezr;

nUvBaküenHpg>

nwgGt´eTasodl´elakm©as´ç sUmelakm©as´eZVIcitþosáb´cuH³ .

cMeBaHRBHKuNm©as´

sUmRBHKuNm©as´

Gt´nUv

d*manGayueQμaHÉeNaHç

kalx\úMrlwkeXIjnUvBakü


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GPiJ¦anieTÞs

ÉPikú¡GñktiHed[lRBHGriy;enaH RtUvEbrmuxeq¬aHeTAkan´TisEdlRBH

GnnþriykmμEmnBit .

Griy;nimnþeTAehIy p<gnUvGJ¢lIehIy Kb|IeBalza ²sUmRBH

Rtas´RBHtRmas´enH za ²mñalsarIbuRt Pikú¡ bribUN(edaysIl

Griy;enaHGt´eTasopg³ .

ehIy bribUN(edaysmaZiehIy bribUN(edaybJ¦aehIy Kb|I

RbsinNaebI

RBHGriy;enaH

CaGñkbriniBVaneTAehIyç

BitEmn sUm|IRBHd*manRBHPaK k*RTg´:n

Pikú¡

sMercGrhtþpl kñúgbc©úb|nñenHÉg y¨agNamijç mñalsarIbuRt

GñktiHed[lenaH Kb|IeTAkan´kEnøgERKEdlelakbriniBVan ßk* eTA

tzaKt eBalnUvehtu ‘énkarminlHbg´nUvvacaCaedIm rbs´buK<l

kan´TIRtwmEtéRBsμsan ehIyKb|IsMuxmaeTas .

enaH’ za manóbemyüRbEhlKñay¨agenaHEdr . buK<lenaHebImin

kalebIPikú¡GñktiHed[leZVI ‘karsMuxmaeTas’ y¨agenHehIyç

lHbg´nUvvacaenaHeT

minlHbg´nUvcitþenaHeT

minlHbg´nUvTidði

kmμenaH min:nXat´sYK( min:nXat´mK<eT KWCakmμtaMgenAtam

enaHeT nwgZøak´eTArgTuk¡ kñúgrnk dUcCaeKnaMykeTATmøak´ y¨ag

RbRktIvijhñwgÉg edayRbkardUecñH .

dUecñaHÉg ‘1’ ³ .

‘micäaTidði’

mYyeT[t eTasdéT eQμaHzamaneTasZMCag

micäaTidði minmaneLIy .

smdUcCaRBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´za

‘257’ buK<lGñkmankaryl´eXIjvibrit eQμaHza Gñkman

²mñalPikú¡TaMgLay tzaKtrMBwgemIlmineXIjZm(déT sUm|IEtZ(m

esckþIyl´eXIjxus . buK<lTaMgLayNa CaGñkmankmμman

mYyEdlmaneTasZMy¨agenH dUcmicäaTidðienHeLIy Pikú¡TaMgLay .

EbbepSg> smaTanehIy edayGMNacénkaryl´eXIjxuspg

mñalPikú¡TaMgLay eTasTaMgLay manEtmicaTidðiCaeTaséRkElg

júaMgCnTaMgLayÉeT[t> odl´RBm kñúgkmμTaMgLay mankay

‘2’ ³ dUecñHÉg .

kmμCaedIm

Edlmankaryl´xusCab\sKl´pg

‘G:y TuK<ti vini:t niry;’

buK<lTaMgLay

enaH eQμaHza CaGñkmankmμsmaTan edayGMNacénmicäaTidði .

Baküza ²eRBaHkarEbkZøayénragkay³ KW

eRBaHlHbg´nUv

k*kñúgGriyubvaT nig micäaTidðienH sUm|IkalebIGriyubvaT KW

ó:Tinñk¡nÆ . Baküza ²bnÞab´GMBIesckþIsøab´eTA³ KWkñúgkarkan´yk

elakse®g<aHehIy edays&BÞKWvcITuc©rithñwgÉg nig kalebImicäa

nUvxnÆ EdlekItehIy kñúglMdab´ énó:Tinñk¡nÆenaH . müa¨geT[t

Tidði

Etkar

Baküza ²eRBaHkarEbkZøayénragkay³ KW eRBaHkiriyakat´pþac´nUv

Rtas´nUvbTTaMgBIrenH bNÐitKb|IRCabza ²edIm|IRTg´sMEdgnUvPav;

CIviti®nÞIy¾ . Baküza ²bnÞab´GMBIesckþIsøab´eTA³ KWkñúgxagelI GMBI

énGriyubvaT nig micäaTidðienaH maneTaseRcIn³ . BitEmnehIy

cuticitþeTA .

KWelakse®g<aHehIy

edaymenaTuc©rits&BÞk*edayç

GriyubvaT eQμaHza maneTaseRcIn eRBaHCaeTasRbEhlKñanwg

1- suÇ mÇ KaKTI 20 TMB&rTI 271 . 2- GMÇ ÉkÇ PaKTI 40 TMB&r 76 .


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Baküza ²G:y³ y¨agenHdUecñHCaedIm TaMgGs´CaBaküpøas´

EmnBit niry; eQμaHzaG:y eRBaHR:sehIy cakesckþI cMerIn EdlsnμtehIyza buNüEdlCaehtuénsY(K nig niBVan ß

TuK<tipg eRBaHR:scaksuKti nig eRBaHCadMeNIrénesckþITuk¡ .

niry; eQμaHza CaTuK<ti eRBaHCadMeNIr KWCaTIGaRs&y én esckþITuk¡ . müa¨geT[t eQμaHza TuK<ti eRBaHCadMeNIr EdlekIt GaRkk´

vinas dUcCaGsur eLIy . RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´sMEdgnUvGsurkay edayvini:ts&BÞ . EmnBit GsurkayenaH eQμaHza G:ypg eQμaHza TuK<tipg

za eRBaHminmanesckþIcMerIn énesckþIsuxTaMgLay .

edaykmμEdleQμaHza

GPiJ¦anieTÞs

EtmineQμaHza vini:t eRBaHeRbtvis&yenaHmin:nZøak´eTA y¨ag

bþÚrnwgBaküza nrk hñwgÉg .

ehIy

458

eRBaHPav;énkmμenaHeRcIn

EmnBit edayesckþIdUcEdlelakeBalehIy nig elakehAza vini:t eRBaHGsurkayenaH Zøak´R:scakesckþIcMerInsBVRKb´ . RBHd*manRBHPaK RTg´sMEdgnUvniry; maneRcInRbkar man GvicICaedImhñwgÉg edaynirys&BÞ .

edayeTas; . niry; eQμaHza vini:t eRBaHCaTIZøak´cuHeTA edayminman GMNacénbuK<lGñkeZVInUvesckþIGaRkk´TaMgLay . müa¨gvijeT[t

bTza ²óbbnña³ KW cUldl´ehIy GZib|ayza ²ekItcMeBaH ehIy kñúgG:yCaedImenaH³ .

‘suKti’

eQμaHza vini:t eRBaHCaTIZøak´cuHeTA y¨agvinas KWmanGvyv;tUc ZM EbkZøay ‘énbuK<lGñkeZVIGaRkk´TaMgLay’ dUecñHk*:n . Gay; ‘esckþIcMerIn’ EdlsMKal´ehIyzaesckþIeRtkGr min mankñúgTIenaH eRBaHehtuenaH TIenaH eTIbeQμaHza niry; .

cMENkxaglÁ

bNÐitKb|IRCab

edaybriyaypÞúy

Edl

elakeBalehIyhñwgÉg . EtesckþIEbøkKña dUcteTAenH . kñúgBaküza suKti CaedImenaH ÉdMeNIreTAkan´mnusS elak

n&ymYyeT[t RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´sMEdgnUvkMeNIt énstV

se®g<aH edaysuKtis&BÞ . elakse®g<aH dMeNIreTAkan´eTvelak

tircäan edayG:ys&BÞ . EmnBit kMeNIt énstVtircäanTaMg

hñwgÉg edaysK<s&BÞ . esckþIénBaküenHza ²kñúgBaküzasuKti

Lay eQμaHzaG:y eRBaHR:scaksuKtiç EtmineQμaHza TuK<ti

enaH eQμaHza suKti eRBaHCadMeNIrlÁ . eQμaHza sYK( eRBaH

eRBaHCaTIekItRBménstVtircäanTaMgLay Edlmans&kiþZMmanesþc

RbesIredayRbéB edayGarmμN¾TaMgLaymanrUbCaedIm . TaMg

naKCaedIm .

Gs´enaHÉg eQμaHza elak eRBaHGtæza RTuDeRTameTA³ dUecñH .

RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´sMEdgnUveRbtvis&y edayTuK<tis&BÞ . EmnBit eRbtvis&yenaH eQμaHza G:ypgEmnBit

eQμaHza

BakümanBaküza niKmvcn;TaMgGs´ .

²«ti TieBVn ckú¡na³ dUecñHCaedIm KWCa esckþIEdleBalmkenH CaesckþIseg¡b


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GPiJ¦anieTÞs

kñúg:lIenHza ²Pikú¡eXIj edayckú¡dUcCaTiBV³ edayRbkardUecñH .

:t´eTAehIy sUm|IvtæúEdldl´nUvrUb k*minR:kd . kalebIdUecñaH

‘cab´epþImeZVITiBVckú¡’

RBHeyaKIenH Kb|IcUlnUvQanCaTItaMgenaHÉg ecjGMBIQanenaH

‘258’ cMENkÉkulbuRtCaGaTikmμik; GñkR:zñaedIm|IeXIj

ehIy Kb|IpSayBnøW o:ner]y> cuH . kalebIeZVIy¨agenH BnøW

y¨agenH Kb|IeZVInUvQan manGPiJ¦aCaTItaMg EdlmanksiNCa

k*rEmgdl´nUvPaBrwgmaM edaylMdab´ . RBHeyaKIenaH GZidðanza

GarmμN¾oKYrdl´karnaMcitþeTAedayGakarTaMgBYgehIy eZVIksiN

²BnøWcUrmankñúgTIenH³ dUecñHehIy kMNt´Gs´TIRtwmNaç BnøW k*fit

NamYy kñúgcMeNamksiNTaMgLay 3 enH KW eteCaksiN

enA kñúgTIRtwmenaHÉg . kareXIjrUb rEmgman dl´RBHeyaKIGñk

OTatk,siN Gaelak,siN oCaksiNCit . kulbuRtenaHKb|I

Gg<úyemIlGs´mYyézák*:n . k*bursGñkedIreTAkan´pøÚv kñúgeBl

cMerInóbc©arCÄan eZVIoCaGarmμN¾ehIy tm,l´Tuk . GZib|ayza

yb´ edayKb´ePøIgeZVIBIesμA Caóbma kñúgBaküEdleBalenH .

²Gb|na KWRBHeyaKI minKYroekIteLIg kñúgGarmμN¾Edl:ncMerIn

:n»mkza bursmñak´eTAkan´pøÚv kñúgevlayb´ edayKb´ePøIg

ehIyenaHeT³ . eRBaHza RbsinebIRBHeyaKI júaMgGb|naoekIt

eZVIGMBIesμA . Kb´ePøIgeZVIGMBIesμAenaH rbs´bursenaH rlt´ehIy .

eLIg . GarmμN¾enaH k*CaTIGaRs&yénQanEdlCaeRK]gRT min

RKaenaH TIrabesμI nig minrabesμI minR:kdehIydl´bursenaH .

EmnCaTIGaRs&yénbrikmμeT .

bursenaH ek[rnUvKb´ePøIgeZVIBIesμAenaH elIEpndI júaMgKb´ePøIgo

k*kñuúgksiNTaMg 3 enH Gaelak,siN Etmüa¨g RbesIrbMput

eqHehIymþgeT[t . k*Kb´ePøIgeZVIBIesμAenaH luHeqHehIy :neZVI

Cag eRBaHehtuenaH RBHeyaKI Kb|IjúaMgGaelak,siNenaH ßjúaMg

ehIynUvBnøWd*viessCagBnøWEdlmanmkBImun . kalebIbursenaH

bNþaksiNTaMgLayeRkABIenH ksiNNamYy oekIeLIg tam

eZVIKb´ePøIgeZVIBIesμA Edlrlt´ehIy> oeqHeLIgvijer]y> y¨ag

n&yEdlelakeBalehIy kñúgksiNnieTÞsehIy otaMgenA kñúg

enHç RBHGaTitü k*rHeLIgehIy tamlMdab´ . kalebIRBHGaTitü

óbc©arPUmienHÉg

rHeLIgehIyç kareRbIKb´ePøIg k*minman dUecñaH bursenaH k*ecal

ehIyKb|IcMerIncuH

.

sUm|In&y

kñúgkarcMerIn

GarmμN¾enaH k*bNÐiKb|IRCab tamn&yEdl:neBalehIy kñúg

kñúgBaküóbmaTaMgLayenaH BnøWénksiN kñúgkalCaTIeZVInUv

ksiNnieTÞsenaHdUcKñaEdr . RBHeyaKI

Kb|IeXIjrUbEdlman

nUvKb´ePøIgeZVIBIesμAenaH :neTAehIy Gs´mYyézák*:n .

xagkñúgénTIEdlxøÜncMerIn

brikmμ eRb[bdUcCaBnøWénKb´ePøIg .

karEdlÇÇÇkalebIBnøW rlt´

ehIy> Etmüa¨g . k*kalRBHeyaKIenaH eXIjnUvrUbç var;énbrikmμ

ehIy eRBaHehtuEdlÇÇÇ kalRBHeyaKIemIlnUvrUb knøgnUvvar;én

EtgRbRBwtþeTA . bnÞab´BIenaHmk BnøW k*:t´eTA . kalebIBnøWenaH

brikmμ k*mineXIjrUbTaMgLay eRb[bdUcCa kalebIKb´ePøIg rlt´


visuTÆimK< ERb

461

462

GPiJ¦anieTÞs

ehIy mineXIj nUvTIrabesμI nig minrabesμI y¨agdUecñaHÉg . kar

eRBaHehtuza buzuC¢nenaH GZidðanza ²BnøWcUrman³ dUecñH kñúgTINa>ç

cUleTAer]y> hak´bIdUcCakarjc´nUvKb´ePøIg . kalebIRBHeyaKI

TIenaH> CaTImanBnøWEtmYy TMluHnUvEpndI smuRT nig PñMk*:nç kñúg

eZVInUvbrikmμ mþgeT[t karpSaynUvBnøWd*mankMLaMgedayviesseTA

RKaenaH kalebIbuzuC¢nenaH eXIjnUvrUbénGmnusS manykS nig

hak´bIdUcCakarEdlKb´ePøIgeZVInUvBnøWd*ZMedayviess CagBnøWEdl

GarkSTwkCaedImEdlKYroP&yxøac kñúgTIenaH P&y rEmgekIteLIgç

manmkkñúgkalmun . karEdlBnøWd*mankMLaMgrwgmaM fitenA tam

EdlCaehtuobuzuC¢nenaH

TIEdl:nkMNt´Tuk hak´bIdUcCakarEdlRBHGaTitürHeLIg . kar

eRBaHQank*za:n eRBaHehtuenaH RBHeyaKI minKYrRbmaT kñúgkar

EdlRBHeyaKI lHbg´ecalnUvBnøWd*tictYc ehIyemIlnUvrUb Gs´

eXIjrUbeLIy .

eBjmYyézá

edayBnøWEdlmankMLaMgrwgmaM

hak´bIdUcCakarEdl

burs e:HnUvKb´ePøIgeZVIBIesμAecalehIy edIreTA:n rhUteBj

dl´nUvkarrevIrvaycitþ

CaGñkq,ÜtvegVg

‘lMdab´énkarekIteLIgénTiBVckú¡’ kñúgxN;EdlTiBVckú¡ekItenaH enHKWCalMdab´ énkarekIteLIg énTiBVckú¡ . kalebImenaTVaravCncitþ eZVInUvrUbmanRbkardUceBal

mYyézá y¨agdUecñaH .

‘kalebITiBVckú¡ekIteLIg’

mkehIyenH oCaGarmμN¾ ekIteLIgehIy rlt´eTAvijç Cv&nTaMg

kñúgkareXIjnUvrUbenaH rUbenH KW rUbEdlenAxagkñúgeBaH rUb

Lay bYn ß R:M eZVInUvrUbenaHÉg oCaGarmμN¾ehIy ekIteLIg

EdlGaRs&yenA kñúghTyvtúæ rUbEdlGaRs&yenA kñúgépÞénEpndI

eRBaHehtuenaH bNÐitKb|IRCabBaküTaMgBYg tamn&yEdlmanmk

BÆd*xageRkam rUbEdlenAxageRkACJ¢aMg xageRkAPñM nig xageRkA

kúñgkalmuncuH . sUm|IkñúgjaNenH kamavcrcitþTaMgLay Edl

kMEBg rUbEdltaMgenA kñúgcRkvaLdéT Edlminmkkan´rgVg´ én

Rbkbedayvitk,; nig vicar; CabuBVPaKcitþ ‘citþCacMENkxagedIm

mMsckú¡ rbs´Pikú¡enaH Etgmkkan´rgVg´énjaNckú¡ ‘rbs´Pikú¡enaH’

énjaNenH’ rU:vcrcitþ EdlRbRBwtþeTAkñúgctutæCÄan CacitþjúaMg

CarUbhak´bIdUcCaR:kddl´mMsckú¡

RbeyaCn¾KWjaNenHosMerc kñúgTIbMputç jaN EdlekItRBm

kñúgkalNa

kñúgkalenaH

CamYynwgkamavcrcitþenaHÉg

bNþacitþEdlR:rBÆrUbenH TiBVckú¡bu¨eNÑaH GackñúgkareXIjrUb citþ

J¦aN³ dUecñHxøH za ²TiBVckú¡J¦aN³ dUecñHxøH .

CacMENkxagedImTaMgLay KμansmtæPaBkñúgkareXIjrUbeT .

‘TiBVckú¡CaGnþraydl´buzuC¢n’ k*TiBVckú¡nu@HÉgCaesckþIGnþraydl´buzuC¢n . eRBaHehtuGVI/ .

elakehAza

²stþanM cutUb:t-

bNÐitKb|IRCabza ²TiBVckú¡ Cackú¡ekIteLIgehIy³ dUecñH . k*kñúg

ctUb:tJ¦aNkza cb´ehIy .

‘bkiNÑkkza’ k*RBHBuTÆCaTIBwg RBHGg<RTg´RCabnUvxnÆ 5 RTg´:n


visuTÆimK< ERb

463

Rtas´ehIy nUvGPiJ¦aTaMg 5 ÉNa edayRbkar dUceBalmkenHç bNÐit:nRCab nUvGPiJ¦aTaMg 5 enaHehIy Kb|IRCabbkiNÑkkzaenH kñúgGPiJ¦aTaMg

464

TaMg 7 edayGMNacénbritþarmμN¾ mhK<tarmμN¾ GtItarmμN¾ GnaKtarmμN¾ bc©úb|nñarmμN¾ GCÄtþarmμN¾ nig BhiTÆarmμN¾ . sYrza ;

5 enaH EzmeT[tpg .

manbriPNÐJ¦aN‘jaNCabrivar’ dl´eTA 2 KW GnaKtMsJ¦aN 1 yzakmμúbKJ¦aN 1 . eRBaHehtuenaH GPiJ¦ajaNTaMgLay 7 mkehIy kñúgTIenH KW briPNÐJ¦aNTaMgLay 2 enHpg nig kñúgkal«LÚvenH

bNÐiKb|IsMEdg nUvkarRbRBwtþieTA énGPiJ¦ajaN TaMgLay 7 kñúgGarmμNtþik;TaMgLay 4 Edl RBHBuTÆ RTg´EsVgrknUvKuNd*ZM RTg´Rtas´TukehIy edIm|IkMuovegVgRcLM

«TÆiviZJ¦aNenaH RbRBwtþeTA y¨agdUcemþc/ .

eqøIyza;

k*«TÆiviZJ¦aNenaHCabritþarmμN¾ eRBaHmanrUbkayCaGarmμN¾

k*kñúgGPiJ¦aTaMg 5 enaH TiBVckú¡ eBalKWcutUb:tJ¦aNenaH

GPiJ¦ajaN 5 man«TiÆviZCaedImpg .

GPiJ¦anieTÞs

kñúgkarEvkEjknUvGarmμN¾

énGarmμNtþik;

TaMgLayenaH . enHKWCakarsMEdg kñúgGarmμNtþik;enaH . ‘259’ k*RbmaNbIénGarmμN¾TaMgLay 4 KWRBHmehsIRTg´ Rtas´ehIyç GarmμNtþik; TaMg 4 KWGVIxøH . KW britþarmμNtþik; ‘KW RbmaN 3 énbritþarmμN¾’ 1ç mK<armμNtþik; ‘RbmaN 3 én mK<armμN¾’ 1ç GtItarmμNtþik; ‘RbmaN 3 énGtItarmμN¾’ 1ç GCÄtþarmμNtþik; ‘RbmaN 3 énGCÄtþarmμN¾’ 1 .

‘ «TÆiviZJ¦aN RbRBwtþeTAkñúgGarmμN¾ 7 ’ kñúgGPiJ¦ajaNTaMgenaH «TÆiviZJ¦aNRbRBwtþeTAkñúgGarmμN¾

edayeZVIesckþIGZib|ayza ²kñúgeBlNa RBHeyaKI

eZVInUvkay

oGaRs&ynUvcitþ ehIyR:zñaedIm|IeTA edaykayEdlminR:kd eTIbbegÁannUvkayeTAedayGMNacéncitþ elIkeLIgnUvrUbkay kñúg mhK<tcitþ júaMgrUbkayoekIteLIg kñúgmhK<tcitþç kñúgeBlenaH rUbkay CaGarmμN¾Edl:nehIyedaykarcUleTARbkb³ dUecñHç «TÆiviZJ¦aNenaH CamhK<tarmμN¾ k*eRBaHmanmhK<citþ Ca GarmμN¾ eRBaHeZVIesckþIGZib|ayza ²kñúgeBlNa RBHeyaKI eZVI nUvcitþoGaRs&ynUvkay R:zñaedIm|IeTA edaykayEdlR:kd k* begÁancitþeTA edayGMNacénkay eTIbelIkeLIgnUvcitþEdlman QanCaTItaMg kñúgrUbkay júaMgcitþEdlmanQanCaTItaMg oekIt eLIg

kñúgrUbkayç

kñúgeBlenaH

citþEdlmanQanCaTItaMg

Ca

GarmμN¾ Edl:nehIy edaykarcUleTARbkb³ dUecñHç mYyeT[t «TÆiviZJ¦aNenaH CaGtItarmμN¾ k*eRBaHeZVInUvcitþ nu@HÉg EdlknøgeTAehIy KWEdlrlt´eTAehIy oCaGarmμN¾ç «TÆiviZJ¦aNenaH CaGnaKtarmμN¾ sMrab´RBHeyaKITaMgLay GñkGZidðan ‘b\TÆi’ CaGnaKt dUcCa«TÆiviZJ¦aN rbs´RBHezr;TaMg LaymanRBHmhaksSbetærCaedIm kñúgkalbJ©úHRBHmhaZatu . :n»mkza RBHmhaksSetærkaleZVInUvkarbJ©úHRBHmhaZatu :n


visuTÆimK< ERb

465

466

GPiJ¦anieTÞs

GZidðanehIyza ²køinTaMgLayenH cUrkMusabrlabeLIy p,aTaMg

BhiTÆarmμN¾ . sYrza ; RbRBwtþeTA y¨agdUcemþc/ . eqøIyza

LayenH kMusVitRseBaneLIy RbTIbTaMgLayenH kMurlt´eLIy

k*TiBVesatZatuJ¦aNenaH eRBaHehtuEdleZVIsMeLg oCaGarmμN¾

Gs´ 218 qñaM kñúgGnaKtkal³ dUecñH . eRK]gRkGUbp,anigRbTIb

nig sMeLgCabritþZm( ‘Cakamavcr’ ehtuenaH eTIbCabritþarmμN¾ç

TaMgGs´enaH :nmanehIy dUcEdlelakGZidðanenaHÉg .

bu¨EnþeRBaHeZVIsMeLgEdlmanenaHÉg

oCaGarmμN¾

ehIyRbRBwtþ

RBHGsSKutþetær eXIjnUvPikú¡sg¹kMBugqan´nUv:yeRk[m kñúg

eTA eTIbCabc©úb|nñarmμN¾ç kñúgeBlEdlsþab´sMeLgkñúgeBaHrbs´

vtþniyesnasn; k*:nGZidðanza ²RtBaMgTwk cUreTACaTwkedaHCUr

xøÜn TiBVesatZatuJ¦aNenaH CaGCÄtþarmμN¾ç kñúgeBlEdlsþab´

kñúgeBlmunP&tþ ral´> ézá³ dUecñH . TwkEdlelakdgehIy kñúg

sMeLg énCnTaMgLaydéTeT[t CaBhiTÆarmμN¾ dUecñHÉg .

eBlmunP&tþ

ekIteTACaTwkedaHCUrç

kñúgeBleRkayP&tþ

vak*eTACa

karEdlTiBVesatZatuJ¦aN

RbRBwtþeTA

kñúgGarmμN¾TaMg

Lay 4 bNÐitKb|IRCab tamn&yenHÉg edayRbkardUecñH .

TwktamRbRktIhñwgÉg . bu¨Enþ «TÆiviZJ¦aNenaH Cabc©úb|nñarmμN¾ kñúgkalCaTIeZVInUv kay oGaRs&ynUvcitþehIy eTAedaykayEdlminR:kd .

‘ ecetabriyJ¦aNRbRBwtþeTAkñúgGarmμN¾ 8 ’ ‘260’ ecetabriyJ¦aN rEmgRbRBwtþeTA kñúgGarmμN¾TaMg

«TÆiviZJ¦aNenaH CaGCÄtþarmμN¾ eRBaHeZVInUvkaynigcitþrbs´

Lay 8 edayGMNacénbritþarmμN¾ mhK<tarmμN¾ Gb|maNa-

xøÜnoCaGarmμN¾ kñúgeBlEdlbegÁancitþeTA edayGMNacénkay

rmμN¾ mK<armμN¾ GtItarmμN¾ GnaKtarmμN¾ bc©úb|nñarmμN¾ nig

ß begÁankayeTA edayGMNacéncitþ nig kñúgeBlEdldMENg

BhiTÆarmμN¾ . sYrza ; RbRBwtþeTA y¨agdUcemþc/ . eqøIyza ; k*

xøÜneTACaePTepSg> manePTkumarCaedIm .

ecetabriyJ¦aNenaH CabritþarmμN¾ kñúgeBlEdldwgnUvcitþEdl

bu¨Enþ «TÆiviZJ¦aNenaH CaBhiTÆarmμN¾ kñúgeBlEdlsMEdg nUvrUbepSg> mandMrI nig esHCaedImCaxageRkA dUecñHÉg . bNÐitKb|IRCabkarRbRBwtþieTA

én«TÆiviZJ¦aN

kñúgGarmμN¾

TaMgLay 7 dUceBalmkenHÉg CadMbUg .

‘ TiBVesatZatuJ¦aNRbRBwtþeTAkñúgGarmμN¾ 4 ’

Cakamavcr

énBYkCndéT

CamhK<tarmμN¾

kñúgeBlEdldwgnUv

citþEdlCarU:vcr nig GrU:vcr ‘énBYkCndéT’ CaGb|maNarmμN¾ kñúgeBlEdldwgnUvmK< nig pl ‘énBYkCndéT’ . k*kñúgGb|maNarmμN¾enH bNÐitKb|IRCabesckþIEbøkKña dUc teTAenH KW ; ²buzuC¢n mindwgnUvcitþ énRBHesatabnñbuK<lç RBH

TiBVesatZatuJ¦aN EtgRbRBwtþeTA kñúgGarmμN¾TaMgLay 4

esatbnñbuK<lesat k*mindwgnUvcitþ énRBHskTaKamIÇÇÇÇ bNÐit

edayGMNacénbritþarmμN¾ bc©úb|nñarmμN¾ GCÄtþarmμN¾ ehIynig

Kb|InaMykBaküdUceBalmkenH ‘Ezm’ rhUtdl´RBHGrhnþ . Et


visuTÆimK< ERb RBHGrhnþ eTIbdwgnUvcitþ énRBHGriy;TaMgBYg .

467

ecetabriyJ¦aNenaH kñúgeBlEdlmanmK<citþ CaGarmμN¾ CamK<armμN¾ . cMENkRBHeyaKI dwgnUvcitþénBYkCndéT:n kñúg eBlxagkñúgénézá 7 EdlknøgeTAehIykþI kñúgeBlxagkñúgénézá 7 kñúgeBlNaç

kñúgeBlenaH

ecetabriyJ¦aNenaH CaGtItarmμN¾pg CaGnaKtarmμN¾pg .

‘ bc©úb|nñcitþ 3 ’ sYrza ²ecetabriyJ¦ajaNenaH Cabc©úb|nñarmμN¾ etIy¨ag dUcemþc / ³ .

eqøIyza ²eQμaHza bcú©b|nñ ‘citþ’ man 3 KW ;

xNb|c©úb|nñ 1 snþtib|c©úb|nñ 1

GTÆabc©úb|nñ 1 .

GPiJ¦anieTÞs mYyeT[t RBHeyaKI QrkñúgTIqáay sUm|IeXIjnUvkarkMerIkéd

sUm|IRBHGriy;

Can´x¬s´déTeT[t rEmgdwgnUvcitþénRBHGriy;Can´Tab³ dUecñHÉg .

EdlminTan´:nmkdl´ehIykþI

468

énCagRClk´ nig nUvvikar;énkardMnUvvtæúmans<rdac´CaedIm k*min Tan´»nUvsMeLgenAeLIyeTç sinç

luHEtdrabNa

sþab´nUvsMeLgenaH

sUm|IcenøaHenaH k*Kb|IRCabsnþtivar; mYyBIr . RBHmCÄimPaNkacarüTaMgLayeBaly¨agenHmun . cMENk

RBHsMyutþPaNkacarüTaMgLay eBalnUvsnþti 2 KW rUbsnþti 1 GrUbsnþti 1 ehIyeBalza ²kalbuK<ledIrCan´Twkç luHEtdrab Na KMnUsénTwkEdlCan´ehIy Ek|reqñr minTan´zøaç enHeQμaHza rUbsnþiti ‘1’ç kalebIbuK<lmkGMBIpøÚvqáayç luHEtdrabNa PaB ekþAsúÁH kúñgkay minTan´rmáab´ç enHeQμaHza rUbsnþti ‘1’ç kal buK<lmkGMBIkMedAézá ehIycUleTAkan´bnÞb´ç luHEtdrabNa PaB

kñúgbc©úb|nñ‘citþ’ TaMg 3 enaH ‘citþ’ Edldl´nUvkarekIteLIg

énggwtminTan´eTAR:sç enHeQμaHza rUbsnþti ‘1’ç kalPikú¡eZVI

kartaMgenA nig karEbkZøay eQμaHza xNb|c©úb|nñ . citþEdl

TukkñúgcitþnUvkmμdðan xagkñúgbnÞb´ ehIyebIkbgÚÁcRkeLkemIl kñúg

rab´bJ©Úlkñúgvar;éntMNcitþmYynigBIr eQμaHza snþtib|c©úb|nñ .

eBlézáç luHEtdrabNa PaBRBilénEPñkminTan´rmáab´ç enHeQμaH

‘snþtib|c©úb|nñ’

za rUbsnþti ‘1’ drabenaHç var;énCv&n 2-3 eQμaHzaGrUbsnþti³

bNÐitKb|IRCabGZib|ay kñúgsnþtib|c©úb|nñenaH dUcteTAenH GarmμN¾ rEmgminR:kd dl´buK<lEdlGg<úy kñúgTIggwt ehIy eTAkan´TIEdlmanBnøWPøameT luHEtdrabNa GarmμN¾enaH R:kd sinç

kñúgcenøaHenaH bNÐitKb|IRCabvar; éntMNmYyBIr .

dUecñHehIy eBalza ²snþtiTaMgBIrenaH eQμaHzasnþtib|c©úb|nñ³ .

‘GTÆabcú©b|nñ’ ZmμCatEdlkMNt´RtwmEtPBmYy

eQμaHza

GTÆabc©b|nñ

EdlRBHmhakc©ayn; sMedAyk eBalehIy kñúgPeTÞkrtþsURt

rUb EtgminR:kd sUm|Idl´buK<lEdlRtac´eTA kñúgTImanBnøW

za ²mñalGavuesa citÉNapg ZmμarmμN¾TaMgLayNapgç citþ

ehIy cUleTAbnÞb´tUc edayqab´PøameTç luHEtdrabNa rUbenaH

nigZmμarmμN¾TaMgBIrenaHÉg Cabc©úb|nñç viJ¦aN CaZmμCatCab´cM

R:kdsinç bNÐitKb|IRCabvar; énsnþtimYyBIr kñúgcenøaHenaH .

Bak´nwgqnÞraK kñúgcitþnigZmμarmμN¾Cabc©úb|nñenaHÉgç

buK<lrEmg


visuTÆimK< ERb

469

eRtkGrcMeBaHcitþ nig ZmμarmμN¾ Cabcú©b|nñenaH eRBaHviJ¦aNCab´

470

GPiJ¦anieTÞs

nig Cvncitþ dl´nUvPaBmanGarmμN¾epSg> kñúgTICaTIminR:zña³ .

cMBak´nwgqnÞraKç buK<l kaleRtkGrcMeBaHcitþ nig ZmμarmμN¾ Ca

cMENksnþtib|cú©b|nñ nig GTÆabc©úb|nñ bNiÐt Kb|IRCabza

bc©úb|nñenaH eQμaHza resmrsam kñúgBYkZm(TaMgLay EdlCa

²CaGarmμN¾ ‘énecetabriyJ¦aN’³ dUecñH . kñúgGdðkzasMyutþ

bc©úb|nñ ‘1’ ³ dUecñH .

elakeBalehIyza ²kñúgbc©úb|nñTaMgBIrenaH citþNa énbuK<ldéT

k*kñúgbc©úb|nñTaMgBIrenaH snþtib|c©úb|nñ mkehIy kñúgGdðkza

kñúgkalRbmaN 2-3 CvnvizI edayGMNacénGtIt ß GnaKt GMBICvnvizIEdlkMBugEtRbRBwtþeTAç citþ énbuK<ldéT TaMgGs´enaH

TaMgLayç GTÆabc©úb|nñ mkehIy kñúgRBHsURt . kñuúgbc©úb|nñcitþTaMg 3 enaH GacarüBYkxøH eBalza ²citþ Ca

eQμaHza snþtib|c©úb|nñç cMENk GTÆabc©úb|nñ bNÐitKb|IsMEdg

xNb|c©úb|nñ cat´CaGarmμN¾ énecetabriyJ¦aN:n³ . sYrza

edayGMNacénCvnvar;³ dUecñH . BaküénRBHGdðkzacarüTaMgenaH

²eRBaHehtuGVI/³ . eqøIyza ²eRBaHza citþ rbs´buK<lGñkmanb\TÆi

KWelakeBalehIyedayRbéB . enHCakarsMEdg kñúgGTÆabc©úb|nñ

nigbuK<ldéT rEmgekIteLIg kñúgxN;EtmYy:n³ . cMENkÉ

enaH dUcteTA ;

BaküenH CaBaküóbma éncitþTaMgLayenaHza ²kalebI:c´p,a KW

Pikú¡Gñkmanb\TÆi R:zñaedIm|IdwgcitþénbuK<ldéT eTIbnwkrMBwg .

buK<le:HeTAehIyBÆd*Gakasç p,amYyTg rEmgCab´Tg edayTg

GavC¢n;‘citþenaH’ eZVIxNb|c©úb|nñ oCaGarmμN¾ehIy eTIbrlt´

énp,amYy

EdlmhaCn

eTA CamYynwgGarmμN¾enaHÉg . bnÞab´BIenaHmk Cv&nTaMgLay 4

nwkKitehIy edayGMNacCaRkumza ²GatμaGj nwgdwgnUvcitþ én

ß 5 EdlcugeRkay Ca«TÆicitþç Cv&nTaMgLay d*essenaH Ca

buK<ldéT³ dUecñHç citþ énbuK<lmñak´ rEmgcak´ZøúHcMeBaH edaycitþ

kamavcrç citþ Edlrlt´eTAehIyenaHÉg CaGarmμN¾ éncitþTaMg

mYy ‘énbuK<lNamñak´’ kñúgób|aTk¡N; ß fitik¡N; ß Pg<k¡N;

BYgTaMgLayenaH nig citþTaMgLayenaH minEmnCacitþmanGarmμN¾

edayBitR:kd k*y¨agdUecñaHÉg³ .

epSg> eT eRBaHPav;éncitþTaMgenaH manbc©úb|nñCaGarmμN¾ eday

edayBit

y¨agNamijç

kalebIcitþ

bu¨EnþBaküénekciGacarüTaMgenaH RtUv:neKbdiesZehIy kñúg

GMNacénkal

.

mYyeT[t

sUm|IkalebImanPav;éncitþ

man

GdðkzaTaMgLayza ²BaküenaH minKYr³ eRBaHbuK<lsUm|InwkrMBwg

GarmμN¾EtmYy «TiÆcitþhñwgÉg EtgdwgnUvcitþ rbs´buK<ldéT:nç

Gs´ 100 dgkþI 1ç000 dgkþI citþCaeRK]gKitrMBwg nig citþ Ca

citþTaMgLayeRkAGMBIenH dwgmin:neT eRb[bdUcCackú¡viJ¦aN kñúg

eRK]gdwgTaMgBIrenaH minmanTICamYyKña nigeRBaHeTasKWGavC¢ncitþ

ckú¡TVarbu¨eNÑaH EtgeXIjnUvrUbç viJ¦aNeRkAGMBIenH mineXIjeT

1- suÇ mÇ óÇ

PaKTI 28 TMB&rTI 35 .

y¨agenaHÉg .


visuTÆimK< ERb ecetabriyJ¦aNenH

manGarmμN¾Cabc©úb|nñ

471 edayGMNac

énsnþtic|c©úb|nñ nig GTÆabc©úb|nñ edayRbkardUecñHÉg . müa¨geT[t sUm|Isnþtib|c©úb|nñ k*RbRBwtþeTA kñúgGTÆabc©úb|nñ

472

GPiJ¦anieTÞs

sUm|IecetabriyJ¦¦aN nig yzakmμÚbKJ¦aNTaMgLay cat´Ca GtItarmμN¾ k*BitEmnehIy bu¨EnþebITukCadUecñaH bNþajaNTaMg BIrenaH ecetabriyJ¦aN

mancitþCaGtIt BÆd*xagkñúg énézá 7 Ca

pgEdr eRBaHehtuNaç eRBaHehtuenaH snþtib|c©úb|nñenaH bNÐit

GarmμN¾ . eRBaHza ecetabriyJ¦aNenaH mindwgnUvxnÆdéT ß nUv

Kb|IRCabza bc©úb|nñarmμN¾ edayGMNacénGTÆabc©úb|nñenaHÉg .

vtúæEdlCab´edayxnÆdéTeTç Etedaybriyay elakeBalehIy

ÉecetabriyJ¦aNenaH eQμaHza BhiTÆarmμN¾ k*eRBaHman citþénbuK<ldéTCaGarmμN¾EmnBit edayRbkardUecñHÉg . karRbRBwtþieTA kñúgGarmμN¾TaMgLay 8 énecetabriyJ¦aN bNÐitKb|IRCab edayRbkardUc:nBN(namkehIyenHÉg .

‘ bueBVnivasJ¦aN RbRBwtþeTAkñúgGarmμN¾ 8 ’

za ²mK<armμN¾³ eRBaHmancitþEdlsm|yutþedaymK<CaGarmμN¾ . ÉyzakmμÚbKJ¦aN k*manRtwmEtectna EdlCaGtItbu¨eNÑaH Ca GarmμN¾ . bu¨EnþxnÆTaMgLay nig vtúæGVImYy EdlCab´Tak´Tgeday xnÆEdlCaGtIt eQμaHza minEmnCaGarmμN¾ énbueBVnivasJ¦aN minmaneT . eRBaHza bueBVnivasJ¦aNenaH CajaNmandMeNIr

‘261’ bueBVnivasJ¦aN RbRBwtþeTAkñúgGarmμN¾TaMgLay 8

esμIedaysBVJ¦útJ¦aN kñúgZm(TaMgLay KW xnÆ nig vtúæEdlCab´

edayGMNacénbritþarmμN¾ mhK<tarmμN¾ Gb|maNarmμN¾ mK<a-

Tak´TgedayxnÆ EdlCaGtIt³ dUecñH . enHCan&yénGdðkza kñúg

rmμN¾ GtItarmμN¾ GCÄtþarmμN¾ BhiTÆarmμN¾ nignvtþBVarmμN¾ .

er]gGtItarmμNJ¦aNenaH .

sYrza ²RbRBwtþeTA y¨agdUcemþc/³ . eqøIyza ²k*bueBVnivasJ¦aN

cMENkkñúgKmÖIrbdðan elakeBalehIyza ²xnÆTaMgLay Ca

enaH kñúgkalCaTIrlwker]y>nUvxnÆEdlCakamavcr CabritþarmμN¾ç

kusl Cabc©&y én«TÆiviZJ¦aN énecetabriyJ¦aN énbueBVniva-

kñúgkalCaTIrlwker]y> nUvxnÆEdlCarU:vcr nig GrU:vcr Ca

sanusStiJ¦aN ényzakmμÚbKJ¦aN énGnaKtMsJ¦aN eday

mhK<tarmμN¾ç kñúgkalCaTIrlwker]y> nUvmK<EdlxøÜn ß buK<l

GarmμNb|c©&y ‘1’ ³ eRBaHehtuNaç eRBaHehtuenaH xnÆTaMgLay

déTcMerInehIy nig nUvplEdlxøÜn ß buK<ldéT eZVIoCak´c|as´

4 k*CaGarmμN¾ énecetabriyJ¦aN nig yzakmμÚbKJ¦aN:n .

ehIykñúgGtItkal CaGb|maNarmμN¾ç kñúgkalCaTIrlwker]y>

mYyeT[t kñúgjaNTaMg 2 enaH xnÆTaMgLay TaMgkusl TaMg

nUvmK<EdlxøÜn ß buK<ldéTcMerInehIyEtmüa¨g CamK<armμN¾ .

GkuslhñwgÉg CaGarmμN¾ényzakmμÚbKJ¦aN Bit y¨agenH . ÉbueBVnivasJ¦aNenaH

bu¨Enþtamkarniym ecetabriyJ¦aNenaH CaGtItarmμN¾ Emn Bit .

bNÐitKb|IRCabesckþIEbøkKñaenHKW ²kñúgjaNTaMgLaynu@H

1-

GPiÇ

kñúgkalCaTIrlwkeXIjnUvxnÆ rbs´

bÇ PaKTI 94 TMB&rTI 231 .


visuTÆimK< ERb xøÜn

CaGCÄtþarmμN¾

kñúgkalCaTIrlwkeXIjnUvxnÆ

473 rbs´GñkdéT

474

GPiJ¦anieTÞs

eQμaHza bc©úb|nñarmμN¾ eRBaHTiBVckú¡enaH RbRBwtþeTA kñúgrUbEdl

CaBhiTÆarmμN¾ . kñúgkalCaTIrlwkeXIjnUvvtúæEdlCab´edayxnÆ

kMBugmanbu¨eNÑaHç

mannam eKaRt nig nimitþénEpndICaedIm edayn&y manCaGaTi¾za

kñúgeBaHCaedIm rbs´xøÜn CaGCÄtþarmμN¾ç kñúgkalCaTIeXIjnUvrUb

²kñúgGtItkal RBHd*manRBHPaK RTg´RBHnamvibsSI RTg´:nekIt

énbuK<ldéT CaBhiTÆarmμN¾³ dUecñHÉg .

ehIyç RBHmatarbs´RBHGg< RTg´RBHnamBnÆúmtIç RBHbita RTg´RBH namBnÆúma³ dUecñH bueBVnivasJ¦aNenaH CanvtþBVarmμN¾ . k*Baküza ²namnigeKaRt³ kñúgbTenH :ndl´sPav; Edl

kñúgkalCaTIeXIjnUvrUbkM:Mg

manrUbEdlenA

karRbRBwtiþeTA kñúgGarmμN¾TaMg 4 énTiBVckú¡J¦aN bNÐit Kb|IRCabdUceBalmkenHÉg .

‘ GnaKtMsJ¦aN RbRBwtþeTAkñúgGarmμN¾ 8 ’

Kb|IRCabesckþIénBüJ¢n;ç

‘262’ GnaKtMsJ¦aN RbRBwtþeTAkñúgGarmμN¾TaMgLay 8

minEmnCaBüJ¢n;eTç eRBaHza BüJ¢n;CaZmμCattUcqμar eRBaHPav;

edayGMNacénbritþarmμN¾ mhK<tarmμN¾ Gb|maNarmμN¾ mK<a-

énBüJ¢n;enaH KWelakse®g<aHehIy edayTICaTIekIténs&BÞ ‘sTÞa

rmμN¾ GnaKtarmμN¾ GCÄtþarmμN¾ BhiTÆarmμN¾nignvtþBVarmμN¾.

ytn;’ . smdUcCaRBHmanRBHPaK Rtas´za ²nirutþib|dismÖiTa

sYrza ²RbRBwtþeTA y¨agdUcemþc/³ . eqøIyza ²k*GnaKtMsJ¦aN

manGarmμN¾tUcqμar ‘1’ ³ dUecñH .

enaH CabritþarmμN¾ kñúgkalCaTIdwgza ²kñúgGnaKt buK<lenH nwg

Cab´edayxnÆ

sMercedaykarsmμtiç

karRbRBwtþieTA kñúgGarmμN¾TaMgLay 8 énbueBVnivasJ¦aN

ekItkñúgkamavcrPB³ dUecñHç CamhK<tarmμN¾ kñúgkalCaTIdwgza

bNÐitKb|IRCab dUc:neBalmkenHÉg . enHCaesckþIKab´citþ

²kñúgGnaKt buK<lenHnwgekItkñúgrU:vcrPB ßGrU:vcrPB³ dUecñHç

rbs´eyIg kñúgnvtþBVarmμN¾nu@H .

CaGb|maNarmμN¾ kñúgkalCaTIdwgza ²kñúgGnaKt buK<lenH nwg

‘ TiBVckú¡J¦aN RbRBwtþeTAkñúgGarmμN¾ 4 ’

júaMgmK<ocMerIn nwgeZVIiCak´c|as´nUvpl³ dUecñHç CamK<armμN¾ kñúg

TiBVckú¡J¦aN RbRBwtþeTA kñúgGarmμN¾TaMg 4 edayGMNac

kalCaTIdwgza ²kñúgGnaKt buK<lenHnwgcMerInmK<³ dUecñHhñwgÉg .

énbritþarmμN¾ bc©úb|nñarmμN¾ GCÄtþarmμN¾ nig BhiTÆarmμN¾ .

EtebIeBaltamniymehIy GnaKtMsJ¦aNnu@H CaGnaKta-

sYrza ²RbRBwtþeTAy¨agdUcemþc/³ eqøIyza ²EmnBit TiBVckú¡J¦aN

rmμN¾ EmnBit .

enaH eZVInUvrUboCaGarmμN¾pg eZVInUvrUbCakamavcrpg eRBaHehtu

ecetabriyJ¦aN

Na eRBaHehtuenaH

dUecñaH ecetabriyJ¦aNenaH mancitþCaGnaKt kñúgxagkñúgénézá 7

1- GPiÇ viÇ

TiBVckú¡J¦aN eTIbCabritþarmμN¾ç

PaKTI 82 TMB&rTI 50 .

mYyeT[t

kñúgGnaKtarmμNJ¦aNTaMgLayenaH sUm|I CaGnaKtarmμN¾

Etbu¨eNÑaH CaGarmμN¾ .

k*BitEmnehIy

EtebITukCa

eRBaHza ecetabriyJ¦aNenaH mindwg


visuTÆimK< ERb

475

xnÆdéTpg nUvvtúæEdlCab´edayxnÆdéTpg . ‘Et’ vtúæGVImYy kñúg GnaKtkal eQμaHza minEmnCaGarmμN¾ énGnaKtMsJ¦aN min

476

GPiJ¦anieTÞs karRbRBwtþieTA kñúgGarmμN¾TaMgLay 5 ényzakmμÚbKJ¦aN

bNiÐtKb|IRCab edayRbkardUc:neBalmkenHÉg . cMENkkñúgkarBN(na nUvGCÄtþarmμN¾ nig BhiTÆarmμN¾enH

maneT tamn&yEdleBalehIy kñúgbueBVnivasJ¦aN . CaGCÄtþarmμN¾ kñúgkalCaTIdwgza ²GatμaGjnwgekIt kñúgPB

BaküÉNaEdlRBHmanRBHPaKRtas´ehIyza ²yzakmμÚbKJ¦aN

ÉeNÑaH ‘kñúgGnaKt’³ dUecñH . CaBhiTÆarmμN¾ kñúgkalCaTIdwgza

enaH CaGCÄtþarmμN¾pg CaBhiTÆarmμN¾pgEmnBit³ dUecñHç Bakü

²‘kñúgGnaKt’ buK<lÉeNaH nwgekItkñúgPBÉeNaH³ dUecñH . kñúg

enaH RBHGg<Rtas´ehIyza ²yzakmμÚbKJ¦aNnu@H CaGCÄtþarmμN¾

kalCaTIdwgnUvnam nig eKaRt edayn&yza ²kñúgGnaKt RBHman

pg CaBhiTÆarmμN¾pg kñúgkalCaTIdwgkñúgxagkñúg tamkal kúñg

RBHPaK RBHnamemetyü nwgób|tþieLIgç RBahμN¾ eQμaHsuRBhμa

xageRkAtamkal bu¨eNÑaHÉg³ dUecñH .

nwgCabitarbs´RBHGg<ç RBahμNI eQμaHRBhμvtI nwgCamata rbs´ RBHGg<³ dUecñHCaedIm CanvtþBVarmμN¾ tamn&yEdl:neBalmk ehIy kñúgbueBVnivasJ¦aNhñwgÉg . karRbRBwtþieTA kñúgGarmμN¾TaMgLay 8 énGnaKtMsJ¦aN bNÐitKb|IRCab edayRbkardUc:neBalmkehIyenHÉg .

yzakmμÚbKJ¦aN RbRBwtþeTAkñúgGarmμN¾TaMgLay 5 eday mhK<tarmμN¾

GtItarmμN¾

GCÄtþarmμN¾

nigBhiTÆarmμN¾. sYrza ²RbRBwtþeTAdUcemþc/³. eqøIyza ²EmnBit yzakmμÚbKJ¦aNenaH CabritþarmμN¾

eQμaHGPiJ¦anieTÞs

kñúgbkrN¾viess eQμaHvisuTiÆmK< Edlx\úMer[ber[gehIy edIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´kiriyarIkrayTYeTA cb´ehIy edaynUvRbkarGm|alenHÉgehag . bkrN¾viess eQμaHvisuTÆimK<ERb PaKTI2 cb´

‘ yzakmμÚbKJ¦aN RbRBwtþeTAkñúgGarmμN¾ 5 ’ GMNacénbritþarmμN¾

briecäT TI13

kñuúgkalCaTIdwgnUvkmμEdl

Cakamavcrç CamhK<tarmμN¾ kñúgkalCaTIdwgnUvkmμEdlCarU:vcr



♣♣♣ :ner[ber[gcb´sBVRKb´ enAézáGg<ar 3 ekIt ExEcRt BÇsÇ 2551 RtUvnwgézá TI8 Exemsa KÇsÇ 2008 evlaem¨ag 7 yb´

nig GrU:vcrç CaGtItarmμN¾ eRBaHdwgnUvkmμEdlCaGtItEtmüa¨g bu¨eNÑaHç

CaGCÄtþarmμN¾

kñúgkalCaTIdwgnUvkmμ

rbs´xøÜnç

BhiTÆarmμN¾ kñúgkalCaTIdwgnUvkmμ rbs´GñkdéT³ dUecñH .

Ca

    


raynamBuTÆbris&T CYyóbtæmÖ kñúgZmμTanenH RbGb´ZmμbUCa ‘vtþExμrsan´taGaNa’

3ç200du

ó:sikaeG)[b-éqKim ó:sk LÚ-bu)neLg

2ç000du

BuTÆbris&T vtþsnSMkusl GacarüeG]-esA

1ç000du

ó:sikaQwm-KwmRsuin nig kUnecA RBmTaMgjatimiRt

1ç000du

elak LÚ-bu)neLg GñkRsIeG)[b-éqKIm

2ç640du

ZmμbUCa buNücMerInRBHCnμ RBHPikú¡ Esm-sueX]n ó:sika eG)[b-éqhug

ó:sika nYn-vNÑa RBmTaMgkUnecA

1ç740du

ó:sika nYn-vNÑa

1ç000du

1ç000du 900du

elak vg´-em¨A GñkRsIqan´-kan´CYg

880du

GñkRsI qan´-éhkwg

500du

ó:sk vgS-em¨A ó;sika qan´-kan´CYg

595du

vtþmn i Isutaram

500du

Pikú¡ PaK´-QYn

500du

Pikú¡ mas-KwmeGg sIlbJ¦a

500du

ó:sika qan´-hay RBmTaMgkUnecA

500du

ó:sika ev¨n-lVn´ ‘sux-rs´’ nig kUnecA

450du

buNübc©&y 4 ó:sika ywm-lwm kUnecA nig jatimiRt

ZmμeTsna RBHGg<es]n

BuTÆbris&Tvtþsan´taGaNa ézásIl ó:sika sIuNa-pU

SOPHANNA LAO

500du

448du

420du

402du

buNüó:sika lI-LaMgCag nig kUnecA

400du

elakEt-Taes)[ GñkRsIlwm-éNh)Yg RBmTaMgjatimiRt

400du

Pikú¡ GaMg-Xug ó:sika tan´-Kwmzan´ buRtZIta nig ecA Pikú¡ Gu)g-Giun ó:sika Esm-sIupn

Pikú¡mhasm-ys ‘vtþm¨ak´sI RbeTs:raMg’ bc©&y 4 BuTÆbris&T vtþrtnRbTIb GUtava¨ buNüelakta G)ab-Pav

ó:sikalwm-KamTI RBmTaMgbuRtç KI-esrI PriyanigbuRtç

400du 400du

400du

350du

330du

suPaB-tan´ç Qagh)-tan´ç murINa-tan´ç can´bUNa-ehg

330du

RBHetCHKuNRbkb vtþCm¬Úruk¡avnaram

315du

RBHZmμeTsna Zmμacarü Ekv-vimutþi kñúgvtþsan´taGaNa

327du

-478-

elak s)un-es[k RBmTaMgRKYsar Pikú¡ Gu)n-vin sg¹rki¡eta ó:sika Gu)k-TUert

GñkRsI supat-eP]gç ó:sika pun nig RKYsar

307du

300du

300du 300du

ó:sk ys´-saGu)l ó:sika ys´-GanIta ‘DW-sIuvLaMg 300du

RBHetCHRBHKuN Rbkb vtþCm¬Úruk¡aram

300du

Pikú¡vinyZera mhayin-en]n

300du

elakRKUrki¡tZemμa Kg´-sUpan

300du

elaksuCateta-sMel]g GñkRsIsu)m-saLat´

300du

ó:sk ng-hak´ RBmTaMgRKYsar kUnecA elakGacarü Gu)g-Giun RBmTaMgRKYsar nig kUnecA GñkRsI RATH KIM & BILL CHHAY

BuTÆbris&T vtþExμr:lielyü

bc©&ybUCaRBHZm(eTsna qøgkudivtþsan´hUes 08-06-10

ó:sika esA-éy¨ RBmTaMgkUnecA

300du

300du

260du

260du

258du

250du

RBHetCHRBHKuNZmμezera ‘esA-Xn’

250du

ó:sk su)m-sIum nig RKYsar kUnecA

250du

ó:sk eck-Xan ó:sika c&nÞ-QYm RBmTaMgkUnecA GñkRsI ZIra¨

RICHARCH

(GA)

250du 220du

elakGacarü PaK-QYn RKYsar nig kUnecA

220du

ejam sarun nig kUn

217du

ó:sika lwm-KamTI nig buRtZIta

220du

elak riTÆi-s)an GñkRsIsuIv-eg¨açsupanIç lIndaç esaP&N

210du

ó:sika lwm-éNRsIm kUnecA

200du

elakQan-saer]n GñkRsI Lwg-KImRsan

200du

ektu-zU

GñkRsIsU)-hac nig kUnecA

200du 200du

GacarüR:k´-Pac ó:sika sux-eP]n

200du

elak taMg-cW GñkRsI eLa-KwmeLg

200du

Mrs NAMTYHUY, Mr, & Mrs. KEIW LEE, TINATH LEE

200du

ótþmZmμeXasacarü kut-kusl Ekv-suZmμa éL-yu¨n elak LaM-er]g RBmTaMgRkumRKYsar

ó:sika Gwug-sayTav nag Guwg-KimeGg

200du 200du 200du


-479RBHetCHKuN zun-supun

elakevaha-CYn GñkRsINaRKI-CYn

-480-

200du

elak Ba-:¨vRsW RBmTaMgRKYsar GñkRsI júwk-sIuza nig kUnecA

120du

120du

200du

BuTÆbris&T vtþ rtnaram

118du

elak Ék-qalI GñkRsI eGam-xun

200du

Pikú¡ :¨n-sMm¨ay nig BuTÆbris&T vtþc&nÞsIusamK<IZm*

110du

elak LÚ-emgh)

200du

BuTÆiksmaKm vtþZmμrgSI

ó:sika LÚ-emgXn RBmTaMgkUn bu)n-eLg nig Et-Kim

200du

200du 200du

sium-Kim yu¨n

200du

ó:sika sux-em]n ó:sika tan´-sm|tþi

200du

elak sux-mut GñkRsI mas-snæavruN nig bgbÚÁn

200du

GñkRsI mij-sUhac RBmTaMg kUnecA

200du

BuTÆbris&TvtþvibsSnaram

200du

ó:sika ecA-sarYn RBmTaMgkUnecA ó:sk CU-mI ó:sika

Ék-bUlIn nig kUnecA

GñkRsI kut-kNÑika esam¨a‘suCata’ sVamI nig buRt

elaktaGwum-Bnøk nig ó:sikadYg-suxum Pikú¡ R:C\-sara¨n´ DARA HENG ó:sika Gu)n-ehg nig kUnecA

ó:sika Ej¨m-nIm nigkUnecA Pikú¡ mhabu)n-QWn

110du

Pikú¡ esam-suPa ‘ZmμZera’

107du

CHHAY SEREI CHAN

105du

ó:sika lI-Kwms)a nig buRtZIta Pikú¡ b\TÆiBl nazbNÐieta GñkRsI Ca-eta

elak taMg-haMgsay GñkRsICIv-suxmYy nig kUnecA

100du

150du

elak sarin GñkRsI Kwm-lag

100du

166du 150du

140du

ó:sika Guwg-riTÆanIç ó:sikalI-bU¨lIn sIUm-bU¨

elakGacarü Lúg ó:sika Qag-samin ó:sika sux-saem]n tan´-sm|tþi ó:sika Gwum-NUy

MOLANIE, ALLAN, LONIS & MADELYN LIM

TAING KIM LEAANG

150du

ó:sika hIug-bU)

150du

ó:sika ezag-mMu

ó:sika RbIy¾-y¨um

140du

GñkRsI KYy-ra¨n´

140du

ó:sika Pn-s)agéh nig buRtZIta

elakGacarü eb¨-rI ó:sika zU-júwg nig kUnecA

125du

ó:sika yU-Rs)n

ó:sika lI-LaMgCag nig kUnecA

120du

ó:sika j¨úk-hY) RBmTaMgkUnecA

120du

100du 100du

100du 100du

100du

GñkRsI Ekv-bu:öTiBV

ó:sika pav-saer[bç sk´-sael]n elakeGg-kaMg

ó:sika Ék-bUlIn

100du

ó:sika kg-salI nig kUnecA

150du

140du

101du

100du

ó:sika Gu)k-sIuNa

120du

105du

Gacarü visuTÆi-Om ó:sika sUt-saxn

120du

ó:sk CU-mI

105du

175du

175du

elak jin-pun GñkRsI sux-saer¨t kJ¦a jin-r&tñ

ó:sk RCUk-vYn ó:sika Em¨n-pat kUnecA

elak Qun-Kwm eG[t nig RKYsar

105du

elak eG)]-esAç ó:skbU)-ehanagç

130du

ó:sika Ect-TTwm

110du

185du

Pikú¡ nig sameNr vtþéGra¨b´

ó:sika TYn-mMu

110du

Pikú¡ Xun-Tuy

150du

ó:sika ywm-lwm RBmTaMgkUnecA

115du

200du

ó:sika ern

Pikú¡ Em¨n-sux

RBHZm(eTsna

ó:sika yin-hu)n ó:sk yin-es]n

elakGacarü ehg GñkRsI hu)n-Kwmsay

100du

100du 100du

100du 100du

100du

100du

100du

100du

100du


-481-

-482-

ó:sk QMu-kusl ó:sika ehg-yin nig buRtZIta

100du

elakGacarü Ekv-bu¨n ó:sika hac-sYg

100du

elak pg´-Er¨m GñkRsI Ev¨n-eG]n

100du

GñkRsI bu)t-supanI

100du

elak sIusuvNÑ-Ny nig Priya

100du

ó:sika :¨n-sariTÆ RBmTaMgkUnecA

ó:sika san-eG]n RBmTaMgkUnecA

100du

ó:sika Kan-sr

ó:sika Cig-say z RBmTaMgkUnecA

100du

ó:sika eg¨a-sU)eGg

ó:sika sYs-éNeT[g RBmTaMgkUnecA

ó:sika Naer¨t-GU)

ó:sk zøag-savn ó:sika yin-sMNag

100du

100du

100du

100du

RBHviPTÞJ¦aN ‘RBhμ-ex[n’ vtþsuvNÑKirI

100du

Pikú¡ eG]-esA

100du

100du

Pikú¡ yin-saKuN

100du

100du

kemøaH eBA rIeD[l sm|Úr

100du

ó:sika kul-yn´ yaysmμa

100du

110du

Pik ú¡ swm-es[m Zmμrki¡eta

100du

RBHetCHKuNmas-KwmeGg

100du

RBHetCHKuN mIu-rs

100du

Pikú¡ mhamunI-rtñ

100du

sameNr Cim-mal&y

100du

GñkRsI qan´-hVÚg

100du

ó:sk ln´-Zn´

100du

Pikú¡ Lay-rin

100du

ó:sika Qa elakta ehn

100du

Pikú¡ Kg´-suTÆI

ó:sika kak´-KIKg´ nig buRtZIta

100du

elakGacarü zac´-sug hug-Kimh)n´

100du

elakGacarüs)n-Cug ó:sika Lúg-Eb¨n

100du

ó:sk Cik-vij nig ó:sika Kim-zaj´

ó:sika ej¨m-Lag nig buRt

100du

LAKHANA SAR (BONG LEAK) kUnyayern

100du

ó:sika Tit-sat RBmTaMgkUnecA

100du

m¨n-siugehg Priya Lay-suxKa

100du

ó:sika Om-sgV¨an elakenRt-ehg nigkUnecA

100du

ó:sika Ca-lwmeGg

100du

elak bu¨k-bu)nriTÆ RBmTaMgRKYsar nig kUnecA

ó:sika Gu)k-TUer¨t

su)m-ra¨t´ Priya yin-XIm nig buRtZIta

ó:sika Kwm-sI elak eRb[n-Kag nig Priya

100du

100du

100du

100du

GñkRsI lwm-can´Na

buNüó:sk sWn-eG]g ó:sika Kim-zIsI

elakRKU qay-ys ó:sika cab-sMeG[n

100du

Óó:sika tan´-QIvKin nig kUnecA

Pikú¡ Gu)n-viun

100du

Pikú¡ sM-r&tñ

nag RBhμ-c&nÞ sUv&n nig kUnlk¡Na

100du

elak Ca-RBhm¨n nag pøasaer¨t

100du

100du

100du

ó:sk hwum-em¨A Priya nig buRtZIta

GñkRsI Qun-ey¨n

Pikú¡ tan´-ePaK kitþisaera

ó:sika kut-saxn nig buRtZita

100du

100du

100du

100du

100du

ó:sika pav-saer[b nig kUnecA

ó:sikapav-saer[b GñkRsIsk´-sael]n RKYsar ó:sika pan´-Lan nig buRtZIta

100du

100du

ó:sika Duc-samIn

ZYk-suTÆI

elak tan´-ekA GñkRsI tan´-saer]n

100du

100du

bNÐit tUc-plman nig RKYsar

100du

Pikú¡ bu)n-esæ{n Zmμvera

ó:sika kak´-kYy

ó:sk siiun-pU elakyayBMu

100du

‘vtþZmμrgSI’

RBHetCKuN Lúg-suxLaM ‘vtþsaKrburI’

lI-eqgsu)n nig Twg-vYchu)n RBmTaMg kUnecA

ó:sika GU)-haMgecg nig kUnecA

Pikú¡ bU)-saMgyu¨n kitþikZemμa

100du

100du

100du

100du

100du

100du

100du

100du

100du


-483-

-484-

elakGacarü eGak-ey[m nig kUnecA

100du

ó:sika Qun-ey¨n

elak nig elakRsI sM:n-nU

100du

ó:sk y¨m-Edg ó:sika ehg-vNÑDI kUnecA

elak sarin GñkRsI Kwm-lag

100du

ó:sk lI-zug GñkRsI Kwm-san RBmTaMgkUnecA

100du

GñkRsI júik-sIza RBmTaMgkUnecA

100du

ó:sika Zi-bu)ts)an

elakex[v-sIuNaer¨t lwm-ey¨t

vgS-kruNa nig RKYsar

100du

100du

100du 100du

elakGacarü edak-sun ó:sika GU)-GU)c nig kUnecA

ó:sika ZU-mMu ó:sk kuy-ZYn

elak eh[b-eb GñkRsI eLA-EkvmøiH

vgS-vINa sVamI nig buRt

100du

Pikú¡ sux-Patr;

ó:sika esg-y¨an

100du

Pikú¡ Kwm-:n

100du

ó:sk em¨g-bu¨g ó:sika can´-júwm

ó:sika lwm-éNRsIm

ó:sika RBHQag ehA jaN-suZa kul-sium

100du

100du

ó:sk eG]-esA

100du

elak nig elakRsI supan

100du

b¨k´-bu:ö

100du

GñkRsI sMbU-r&tñ ‘ehAhIug-su)nza’

100du

100du

100du

100du

100du

100du 100du

100du

Pikú¡ Tim-júl ‘tiNkaema’

100du

ó:sk epn-Gan ó:sika ln´-esgh)ag

100du

100du

GñkRsI eTB-sUnI

100du

elak Ekv-sMeG]n GñkRsI hu)n-vNÑa nig buRt

100du

ó:sika eBA-tun RBmTaMgkUnRbusRsI

100du

ó:sika Pn-s)agéh

100du

ó:sika Ca-laghIuç ó:sika Qun-KwmRsW

100du

elak gU¨v-mYyLay nig buRt

100du

elak taMg-haMgqay GñkRsICIv-suxmY)y

ó:sika huy-NaMTI

100du

Pikú¡ Ca-eh]g ó:sika GU)c-sURt

90du

100du

ó:sk CU-mI ó:sika bUlIn kUnecA

85du

100du

GñkRsI es]n-suXYn RBmTaMgRKYsar

80du

100du

ó:sk sn-Cug ó:sika Lúg-Eb¨n

80du

100du

ó:sika Tit-saZ

70du

100du

elak can´-ey]n GñkRsI gYn-xnç GñkRsI gYn-dkc&nÞç

ó:sika Pn-s)agéh nig buRtç ó:sika y¨k-Rs)nç ó:sika Gu)n-G)n

ó:sika eG[b-éqhug

ó:sika Lúg-Eb¨n ó:sk sn-CuM ó:sika s)n-eLg

buNü 100 ézá elakGu)g-ZarI

ó:siika sr-yut

ó:sk eG[g-qay ó:sika eG[-eksr ó:sk Gu)n-qayRKI

PHNOM PENP EXPRESS 100du

100du

100du

100du 100du

ó:sk eha-lan ó:sika qwg-Gun

100du

Pikú¡ viC¢asm|enña vtþBnøWBuTÆcRk

100du

ó:sika supn-sUr

100du

elakGacaü m¨n-pan

pg´-KaM

ó:sika ezt-ru¨n ó:sk év¨-sarun ó:sika tan´-éNsIun nig kUnecA

100du

LOEUNG NINA GñkRsI sn-lINa ehA GaPaB kUnx\úM

ó:sika lIm-mYYyCU

bUCaRBHZm(eTsna vtþsan´taGaNa

ó:sika Titü-y¨an bu¨k-sMGan

ó:sika RBH-Qag ‘jaNsuPa’

ó:sika XI-KImln

90du

90du 90du

90du 90du

88du 80du

80du

80du

ó:sk eT[g ó:sika rYm nigkUnecA

70du

RBmTaMgbuRtZIta

70du

GñkRsI Kwm-sarun nig elak KirI

70du


-485-

bc©&yZmμeTsna Pikú¡yin-en]n

65du

ó:sika Lúg-GuIm

ó:sk etg-xaMsn ó:sika Zuy-bu)nm¨a

60du

ó:sika Twm-h)n

Pikú¡ sn-Esn

‘vtþRBHBuTÆ’

60du

-486-

ó:sk es]n ó:sika Kwm-Qun

50du 50du

ó:sika ywm-lwm RBmTaMgkUnecA

60du

ó:sika lwm-Gag

60du

ó:sika gI-eq kUnecA

60du

ó:sk Kg´-vut ó:sika Gu)k-siunhYr

50du

yay Guwg-h<ic RKI-em¨glag RKI-CinNaM

60du

ó:sika lI-b¨UlIn sIum-b¨U

50du

nag RKU

ó:sika ecg-e:¨y

60du 60du

elak eLg-qay nig sux-m)YyCav

60du

elak TUc-sIumn b)in

50du

yim-pløa rI-ép

GñkRsI ehg-Qab

ó:sk LÚ-bu)neLg ó:sika eG)[b-éqKim

ó:sika lwm-KamTI RBmTaMgbuRt

50du

50du 50du 50du

50du

ó:sk Lwm-m¨atZIta ó:sika taMg-ZIXn

60du

ó:sika TYn-saer¨n ‘ehAr¨y’

60du

elak PYg-bu)nhIum GñkRsI gYn-yana

50du

60du

vtþéRtkUdi

50du

60du

Pac-savI

50du

60du

BUZI zg

50du

60du

GñkRsI KImlI-pøúg

eT[v-QIvhu)n

GñkRsI sI-Gwg

GñkRsI sMbY-r&tñ

ó:sk exal-Qin ó:sika LÚ-Kwmh)ag GñkRsI CU-Cati

zac-es[n

elak TUc-esaP&N GñkRsI Kwm-vYc

GñkRsI sIunYn

GñkRsI lINa-tan´

ó:sika ehg-s)n

Rkumevn RKYsartam¨an nig jatimiRt enAesAmunI bc©&ybiNÐ:Rt Pikú¡ es]-suCin GñkRsI Lac-ra¨n´ nig RKYsar

vtþsan´hUes

ROSS CHANTY

ó:sika sux-ln´

60du

SIDARY SAM

60du

GñkRsI Gu)l-sIuNa

60du

60du 60du

qan´-hVÜg nig RKYsar suPak´ nig RKYsar GñkRsI lI-em]n

50du

50du 50du

50du

50du

55du

elak Qun-KwmeG)[t nig Priya

50du

56du

55du 55du

ó:sika zab´-zU

ó:sika taMg-Kwmlag GñkRsI sux-Kag

ó:sk suePaK-ósSern

50du

elak Kg´-vut GñkRsI Gu)k-siunh)

ó:sika esg-m¨aéLç saMg-Zara¨ç saMg-ZarI

50du

elakyay Ci b¨unLúg nig b)U ra¨suI

53du 50du

elak sapU-yn GñkRsI c&nÞ nig buRt

50du

elak er]n-zn GñkRsI lwg

50du

elak yn-LaMg GñkRsI Giut-lI nig buRt

50du

ó:sika Duc-saxn

53du

ó:sk Giun-lYg ó:sika h)am-etg

50du

60du

etA-Rcik nig kUnecA

GñkRsI can´-kULabç esk-RKicç esk-TI

50du

50du

munI-LaM nig RKYsar

50du

50du 50du

50du

mþaysameNreck

50du

Pik¡ú Zwg XIm ‘ vtþZmμnikaram ’

50du

elak evg NaM nig sk´ san´nI

RBHRKUecAGZikar eTB-es[g vtþéRtrtnaram RbeTs:raMg yuvCn dara¨-ehg

50du

50du

50du

50E

50du


ó:sika Em¨n-éNRsIm

-487-

-488-

50du

elak Gacarü Tik-yI

ó:sika lI-NavI nig kUnecA

50du

elak Guwg-gY¨nhav GñkRsI Guwg-sayXIm

ó:sika Ba-tub

50du

Mr. ANG CHUN ó:sika sr-yut ó:sika KI-Kg´

50du 50du

elak G)g-lI GñkRsI TYt-r¨um

50du

GñkRsI Gu)g-suIpan´Na

50du

50du

elak duH-qwy

50du

GñkRsI mwug-éL

50du

50du

HOUT SOU PHALLY KHUTH

50du

GñkRsI Qun-eyn

50du

GñkRsI :n-CahY nig buRtZIta

ó:sika dYg-y¨an

50du

bgtaMg

ó:sika gU¨v-sIulan RBmTaMgkUnecA

50du

GñkRsI sUriya GUsþin

50du

50du 50du

GñkRsI :n-CapicCU RKYsar nig buRt

50du

miul-Ey¨m

50du

50du

ó:sika eG)[g-KwmhYy

50du

kJ¦a qay-yupl

elak esam-gn GñkRsIeLA-m¨aéL

50du

Pikú¡ suin-ezag ZmμsuveNÑa

50du

eBTü sm|tþi nig RKYsar

50du

ó:sika Qa-h)n

50du

elak lI-hY nig GñkRsI ra¨sIu-gYn

50du

ó:sika RKI-esglI

50du

Pikú¡ ng-suCati

50du

GñkRsI lIsa (LISA)

Kim-Lwm zaj´ GñkRsI ex[v

RsIv&n RBmTaMgRKYsar

elakGacarü Gu)y-yan ó:sika sYy-esn

elak mux-sam¨n nig RKYsar

50du 50du

50du

50du 50du

G)am-tak´ nig buI-sIum

50du

ó:sika zøag-eZ[m

50du

ó:sk Eb¨n-jwm ó:sika tU-sari

50du

ó:sika ehg-zU ó:sk s)a-zU kUnecA GñkRsI EL-es[g RKYsar

50du

50du

ó:sika yU-eLa

50du

elak DYg-bu¨n GñkRsI PI-rin

50du

GñkRsI bu¨k-suKnÆmalI elakex[v-sMGat buRt

50du

Pikú¡ subeNÑa eh[b-Qan

Gacarü eb¨-rI

50du

ó:sikaeG)[g-KwmhYy kUnecAç ó:skePaK-QMu

50du

raC-rtn;ç ecg hu)y epg Priya nig buRtç

kJ¦a Xut

ó:sika qay-Tn

50du

ó:sika plI

50du

Pikú¡ Gu)y-ehg

50du

50du

Pikú¡ R:k´-Qn

elak nU-c*nÞbu)nnI nig Priya

50du

50du

Pikú¡ siun-suvtæa

50du

ó:sika júwg

50du

ó:sika ecg-éqman

ó:sika e:¨-ésKØic

ó:sika siun-Eg¨t

50du

Pikú¡ bNÐieta CIk-RBhμ

Pikú¡ eD]-ótþm

50du

50du

ó:sk su)n-Cag ó:sika lI-LaMgCag

50du

Pikú¡ c&nÞ-suxa vtþeBaZisuvNÑaram

50du

ó:sika BwC

ó:sika Kg´-sUPn

Kwm-esg

50du

50du 50du 50du

Guwg-sIuNa

50du

50du

50du

Lay-nag Ca-suKMu Priya nig buRt

50du

Pikú¡ suvNÑbeJ¦a esa-GU)n

50du

ó:sika ent-danI ‘erIum’

50du


GñkRsI sU)-en]n

-489-

ó:sika m¨ar-bUrI ‘pl’

ó:sika sIl-can´ln´

GñkRsI eG)[-buiv nig kUnecA DARIN & SAROM SOK

GñkRsI ehg-Qab

ó:sika su)m-rdð RBmTaMgkUnecA Gñks)n-y¨an RKYsar nig kUnecA

-490-

50du

ó:sika ywm-sar¨n

50du

Ca-vYclag

45du

50du

ó:sk lak´-pn ó:sika cun-eGt

44du

50du

ó:sika QYn-g¨n

50du

50du 50du 50du

Gwg-lagKg´ç TaLag mYy mhaó:sika Ekv-eBRC c&nÞ-sIuzul

ó:sk RKU eta-sVag

45du 45du 44du

44du 44du

GñkRsIesk-NavI esk-maZin esk-munIrtna Kwm-bu:ödnNa 44du

50du

elak GaMg-sUva¨n´ nig Ehm-c&nÞsupl

42du

Gñknag sU)sanNa-c&nÞekA

50du

elak sunn-sux nih Ehm-cnÆI

42du

RBHetCHRBHKuN KHUN BUNSON

50du

ó:sika el]m-Lm

40du

50du

elak qay-RTI nig GñkRsI lI-eG[veqg

40du

45du

TuM-NariTÆ esg-daenRt nig buRtZIt

40du

elakem¨A RKYsartacin ó:sika mas-Dwm

50du

GñkRsI raMg-suhVInIç GñkRsI raMg-suNnþa

50du

RTI-KwgeLg

50du

ó:sika taMg-kYy

ó:sika TUc-Qun ó:sk Lac

45du

ó:sika Xut-sutç GñkRsIraMg-punç

GñkRsI sux-mYylag

45du

ó:sika QU-ERcg

40du

45du

elak FRANK LY

40duu

45du

ó:sika epg-nag

GñkRsI CHAN SOKHA LIKE AMY CHEA

elak RTI-Kimem¨g GñkRsI es[k-G)amKuy ó:sika LÚ-bu)nh)ag ó:sk eGa-QIn Pikú¡ bJ¦aTIe: PYg-bu)nhIum ó:sika Kim-ecgRsu)n ó:sk hYn-CUlag

ó:sika sIuv-yk´luy NatalI nig DINa ó:sika er]m

elak Nib-vg vgSC&yvir; GñkRsI huk-c&nÞdalIs

45du 45du 45du

ó:sika Ca-laghIu nig buRtZIta

GñkRsI zacç elakmut-qut Priya nig buRtZIta

Zmμacarü zac´-esA GacarüvibsSna

40du 40du

40du

40du

ev]n

40du

elak Kat-RCwm ehAsavI GñkRsI lwm-yu¨m kUnecA

40du

45du

elak eG[m-es[kKim GñkRsIeG[m-Kimh)n

40du

45du

yuvCn lI-suviciRt ‘bUra¨’

40du

45du

ó:skezt-rinçó:sikaem¨A-xat´ç ezt-kUç Guwm-ek]tç

45du

ó:sika can´-jwm

45du

ó:sika Qun-KwmRsIu nig buRtZIta

ó:sika eLg-j¨

40du

rin-kuslç rin-cMerInç suIv-vir;ç b\TÆi-rtn;

45du

ó:sika m¨m-Gun

ó:sk Ca-ehg ó:sika EGm-mMu

eGam-eC]n

40du

40du

45du

ó:sika eTs-sIuza

Pikú¡ Twm-jú¨l

41du

ó:sk epg-hIum ó:sika Rs)ag-G)a nig kUnecA

GñkRsI Titü-sarin RKYsar nig buRt

ó:sika nub-rs´

em¨A-éqGIuv RTI-suKa

42du

45du 45du

45du

45du

ó:sika Ekv-b)U

GñkRsI SU MARIE

ó:sika gU)m-y¨m

40du 40du

40du 40du


But-suKnÆvarI

-491-

GñkmIg sn-eLn

40du

-492-

lwm-bu)neZ]n min-sava¨n´ nig kun

35du

40du

elak eBA-kuc GñkRsI eTs-h)n

35du

GkRsI DI-vNÑ; nig RKYsar

40du

elak RBMú-Lay nig Priya

35du

GñkRsI vNÑarI nig RKYsar

40du

NARY ó:sika CMu-Xn ó:sk RBM-rit nig buRt RKYsar esg-KIm nig Priya MARY DY

40du

40du

40du

40du

:¨n´-suxehg Priya :¨n´-suxun

40du

GñkRsI tUc-sarI

40du

ó:skKYy-Zun ó:sika ZUr-mMu Pikú¡ cab-j¨m

DIANE TAN & SOKLY TAN BRIAN

40du

40du

40du

ó:sika éz-taMg

elak Cin-suKnÆ GñkRsI ehg-sIuh)ag ó:sika hu)n-Bt RBmTaMgbuRtZIta

Pikú¡ eBRC-suZIr

35du

ó:sika kan´-qn Pikú¡ swm-yIm

elak rULg´-DI EBk-supan

elak rU-samlI RBmTaMgbuRt

kJ¦a y¨m-cinþaç kJ¦a y¨m-plaç kJ¦a y¨m-c&nÞru¨g

35du

40du

elakRsI su)y-pløI kumara GaLicsinda kumarI GJ¢lI

ó:sika esþIg-muy ó:sika muI-ra¨vI ó:sika m¨Ura¨

bNÐit TYn-suP&®kþ

40du

40du

40du

40du

35du

35du

nag j¨

40du

35du

elak KYy-suvNÑariTÆi GñkRsI bu)t-r&tñ

ó:sk y¨m-Edg ó;sika ehg-va¨n´DI

ó:sika RbI-yu¨m

35du

35du

40du 40du

35du

elak jwm-EBk mMu-saer]n

elak ZmμNat CnRbsiTƾi

ó:sika j¨úk-hY

35du

35du

40du

40du

35du

ó:sika Guit-Lúm

ó:sika nYn-pn

GñkRsI swm-Kimyun RBmTaMgbuRt

35du

elak KYy-suzun GñkRsI ln´-sIunYn

elak y¨m-KirIva¨n´ GñkRsI Kwm-suPaB

kumara y¨m-er¨nDI kumarI y¨m-XalI ó:sika ecg-Rsu)n

35du

35du

35du

35du

ó:sk mIu-sar¨n ó:sika LaMg-Cag

35du

GñkRsI zg-cYb

35du

ó:sika eh[n-sUÉm

35du

40du

elak GY)g-Kagehg GñkRsI ehA-em¨g nig buRtZIta

ó:sika gI-eq

40du

elak ebg-Cut GñkRsI sIuv-ehg nig buRtZIta

35du

elakGacarü Kg´-yut

40du

ó:sika Gu)n-pUr nig buRtZIta

35du

GñkRsI tan´-eqgsIum nig buRtZIta

35du

taMg-gu¨yLag

GñkRsI sIm-eLn

ó:sika can´za Ln

eG)[r-zaj´ nig kUnecA

y¨g´-malI

Tan´-say TIv-er¨m nig kUnecA

RtaMg-Edn nig kUnecA

yU-KuNvut Priya nig kJ¦a yU-munIr&tñ yk´-RBIda kJ©na nig kUn

40du

ó:sk DYg-Eqm ó:sika Gu)y-G)at

40du

ó:sika er]n-raC ó:sk q-ePaK nig buRtZIta

35du

ó:sika biul-saKuN nig buRtZIta

35du

35du 35du

35du

35du

elak Eb¨n-suxn GñkRsI Xiv-esdða

35du 35du

35du

35du

35du

elak KU-bu)nkan GñkRsI esg-zg

35du

ó:sk Gun-ln ó:sika ehg-ln´

35du

elak pn-vI GñkRsI ln-eLg

35du


-493-

elak eG[m-XunNavuZ GñkRsI éN-yMu

elak kaMg-ehg GñkRsItan´-GayKYn GñkRsI gY¨n-Kwmesg

35du

35du

-494-

RkumRKYsar kUnecA ejam G)n-sr YAN SIM

30du 30du

35du

ó:sika G)at-eGg

30du

Kg´-sU nig kUnecA

35du

ó:sika b)it-zgxaM

30du

ó:sk esg-sUt ó:sika sunÞr¾-Zwg

32du

ó:sika e:¨-eyg nig buRtZIta

zan sUpun nig eZ]nya¨v

32du

ó:sika can´-KImhY)y

Ca-say

30du

KY-hIug nig kUnecA

EGm-edIg nig kUnecA

ó:sk qug-jib ó:sika srit-sYm

GñkRsI mas-dm Lay-mMu

35du 35du

32du

30du

nag qat-eqam nig buRtZIta lI-ra¨nI vitæara-tan´

30du

30du

30du

ó:sika Tn-yin

30du

elak DI-sUpl GñkRsI hYy-sat

30du

elak RKI-Cinlag nig suxa

30du

30du

30du

ó:sika es]g-el]g ó:sika yan

30du

ó:sika Ekm-zul nig buRt

30du

GñkRsI Lay-KuyeGg RBmTaMgbuRt

30du

ó:sika rs´-supl

30du

ó:sika bu)t-saxn RBmTaMgRKYsar ó:sika Gun-j¨

30du

GñkRsI bu¨k-suKnÆaruZ

30du

30du

elak sMbU-can´ GñkRsI Gwn-júI

ó:sk CU-mI RKYsar

30du

ó:sk CMu-ehg

30du

ó:sika eG)[g-KwmhY)y

30du

LIHOUR PROM

30du

elak sIupan bu:ö

30du

ó:sika muM-Kwmeqg

ó:sika Kwm-hU

ó:sika nwm

30du

GñkRsI RkYc-Gul GñkRsI esg-bU

30du

ó:sk RBm-pn ó:sika eBaZi-BaC

30du

ó:sika GU)-yutæanI eLg can´ rsμI

elakGacarü Ótþb|; GñkRsI su)M-su)k buRtZIta SAREN TOUN elak Ok-KimGan GñkRsI pløa

30du 30du

GñkRsI rs´-esAra¨n

30du

ó:sika SENG SEANG LIM

30du

30du

ó:sika Gwm-sav

30du

elak XYn Nun nig sk´ suInYn

30du

RKI-supavI nig vNÑZI

30du

elak MAK NIMUL

elak QYm-Qwt nig RKYsar ó:sika muI-GY)k

ó:sika Gu)k-el]b

ó:sika sU-es[n ehA sUpn-sU

30du

30du 30du

30du

30du

ó:sika mYg-c&nÞ nig buRtZIta

eBA-NarIn

bu)nNarMu-C&y suxa-esg

30du

30du

30du 30du

30du

elak mas-Kg´ GñkRsI mas-TUc

ó:sika GI-Rsu)n

GñkRKU esda-lIzun

30du

ó:sika Ext-XI

30du

30du

30du

30du

ó:skes)[k-Rsu)n ó:sika Kit-Rs)un

30du

elak can´-sam¨n´ GñkRsI pløI

30du

elak eh]t-em]n GñkRsI CIva¨ ó:sk Kat-RCwm ehA savI

nag pan´-Na

elakGacarü bu¨k-eZ]n ó:sika jaN-eQ]m

30du 30du

30du

30du

30du


ó:sika lwm-QYn

-495-

elak Kwm-kn GñkRsI Kwm-Narin nig buRt

30du

-496-

elak Kin-bu)nra¨Na GñkRsI bu)n-NarI-C&y

30du

ó:sika mYg-sarum nig buRt

30du

30du

ó:sika bu)nN-em]n

ó:sk Ekm-san

30du

ejamRsI mIu-pU

ó:sika G)ak-KIm

30du

elakGacarü enRt-eK]n

30du

ó:sk m¨m-lag ó:sika rs´-hu)t

GñkRsI supn-exn

30du

ó:sika CI ó:sk bU¨n

30du

ó:sika Gu)n-yun

30du

PIkú¡ Kl-sIunYn

30du

ó:sika R:k´-han

ó:sika esg-Kwmh)n ó:sika b)it-zgxaM ó:sk sYK(-Rsu)n

ó:sika Cin-sIuveGg Pikú¡ sniþ:letær

Qn-GUn

Pikú¡ Zmμvineya TUc-pn Pikú¡ ywm-viciRt

30du 30du 30du

30du 30du 30du

30du

30du

ó:sika TUc-yU¨n

GñkRsI GM-suxeX]n elakEk-ParuN nig buRt

30du

30du 30du

30du

GñkRsI XunnI-Guwg nig kUnecA

30du

ó:sk hu)l-sarMu ó:sika hu)l-tn

30du

Pikú¡ Bisidð-kMsanþ

ó:sika em]g-yan lI-Bnøk

hU)-bU¨lIeN

DI-es[g bU¨lI-ENt-hU)

30du

30du

lI-ZwmbI JONATHAN JULIE

30du

30du

30du

Pikú¡ exmieya eG]n-h)ag

30du

ó:sk R:k´-viq&y ó:sika Edg-puncMerIn

ó:sika sr-yut

30du

GñkRsI epg-Kwmj¨an

30du

ó:sika run-créN

30du

ó:sika GMu-mn´

30du

Pikú¡ siumhk-ehg

elak ePa-supat GñkRsIsux-yI TOUCH & SIMONE ó:sika va¨n´-da

elak gik-lI lki¡Na-lI nig RkumRKYsar lI-em]n

30du

ó:sika ezag-suZI sVamI nig buRt

30du

kJ¦a epg-cinþa

30du

ó:sika Duc-saxn nig buRtZIta

30du

30du

30du

ó:sika yu¨n

nig kUnecA

ó:sk R:k´-Pac ó:sika sux-eP]n

30du

CHAND YOUST & VI B. NGUYEN

ó:sika r&tñ-su)M

30du

elakGacarü ZUr-em¨A ó:sika yuwy-y¨ag

esA-bIlI Ekv-m¨alI

30du

m¨an-cy pn-eGg

Cn-vNÑI sVayGat

ó:sika e:¨-ey¨g

30du

30du

30du

rI-Eg¨t tUv-eKc ln

30du

ó:sika xat´ ó:sika en]y-ex]m

30du

ó:sika Kwm-Guin

30du

elakR:k´-BuTÆI GñkRsI nub-suPa elak eBRC-Qwg nig RKYsar

ó:sika va¨y-run

30du 30du 30du 30du

30du 30du

27du

27du

ó:sk yim-hiri nig Priya su)m-eBt

27du

elak etg-eP nig RKYsar

25du

ó:sika ecg-lwm

25du

30du

elakGacarü hiri GñkRsI su)M-eTB nig buRtZIta

ó:sk es ó:sika sug

25du

30du

NCHIN & CHAI EATON

25du

ó:sika TYn-mMu

ó:sika Kim-kn

25du

25du 25du


elak Twt-sat

-497-

ó:sika sara¨y-R:k´ lUt-eQ]n

25du

GñkRsI mu¨n-ra¨mIu

25du

ó:sika Ehm-savI

25du

ó:sika suxum-ERs eLn-er]g

20du

sameNr Ecm-sava¨t ó:sika su)um-su)k

20du

GñkRsI suP®kþ-eD]g

20du

elak zaMg-ecv RBmTaMgRKYsar

20du

elak zac´-ezg GñkRsI R:k´-sam

20du

kJ¦a lI-sUlINa

20du

25du

GñkRsI Ém-eBA

25du

Gwum-can´

25du

GñkRsI nin-Din

R:k´-Gat´

GñkRsI sMu)-saKn´ nig RKYsar

25du

25du

IM KIMCHHORN

25du

ó:sika tat-munI

25du

Kan´-da kan´-suZa

24du

ó:sika sr-yut nig buRtZIta

22du

GñkRsI sarMu nig kUnecA

22du

bgRsI sarum-biuc

22du

elak bin-kan´ GñkRsI r&tñ-zn kan´-eZ]n kan´-suxa GñkRsI TONG TIBET

bc©&bMsukUl enAvtþsan´taGaN ó:sika exm-ERcs

24du

22du 22du

elak samYn-b¨uk

22du

GñkRsI biuc

21du

ó:sika ebs,alIn elak sMra¨n-vNÑda GñkRsI yin-y¨an kJ¦a yin-vn´ ó:sk yuaMg-sIug ó:sika zg-s)y esg-nI nig kUnecA b¨uk-KYn nig kUnecA

elak hug-Ék GñkRsI pat-júib ó:sika sux-hYg

elak zac´-bu)nZI GñkRsI eD]g-sara¨t

21du 21du

21du 21du

21du

21du

21du

21du

GñkRsI Ekv-c&nÆI nig buRt

21du

elak Qim-eG]g GñkRsI Qwm-vNÑa

21du

ó:sika buic-suxum nig buRt

elak Qwm-saxn GñkRsI Lac-saer]n elak ekA-Cin GñkRsI Ekv-lYn

-498-

21du

21du 21du

21du

GñkRsI mu¨n-sUpn

21du

ó:sika su)g-es]m

20du

ó:sika Ehm-ywm yuvCn zac´-cnnI Gwum-salI

ó:sika mil-m¨alI

kJ¦a lI-zugsUlIda

ó:sk lI-zug ó:sika maX-Kwmsan YONG SITHON ó:sika GU)-eqg nig kUnRsI lIda

20du

20du 20du

20du 20du 20du 20du

20du 20du

elak saer]t-rit nig RKYsar

20du

ó:sika jaN-suM

20du

ó:sk sYn-sari ó:sika Twm-j¨ ó:sika Ny-bu)nm¨a

elak hYy-y¨ug GñkRsI hu)n-saru¨m nig buRt

20du

20du

20du

Pikú¡ suZmμb|eJ¦a c&nÞ-sIuç ó:sika su)y-sag

20du

lwm-jú¨l Bin-Giut nig kUnecA

20du

ó:sika Kg´-suKnÆa nig buRtZIta

20du

elakRKUsURt pl

sU)-Lúg EN-ywm

20du 20du

ó:sika Lúg-sIunYn

20du

elak ex[v-darar&tñ GñkRsI gYn-c&nz Þ a

20du

elak sn-Nat nig RKYsar

elak sM-saer]n GñkRsI em]n-yuwg Mr. CHM KHOUN

lwm-suIvb)I nig buRtkμÜy Gwug-bu)n-em¨A BisI-eC[v buRtZIta

20du 20du 20du

20du


-499PHATH RTH

20du

elak vuD¿I GñkRsI em¨A

20du

ó:sika yun-ek[n

Qit-dav suCata elak lI-suxEDn qI-m¨alINa

20du

RAKSMEY MEAS & MOEUN YIM

20du

Gñknag

DIANNA KAO nig buRt

kumara DAVIS BOURAMAI CHHLAT GñkRsI

SOPHY LONG

rdðanI

ó:sk pat-saevIuy NICOLE HOUR

20du

20du

20du 20du

-500-

20du

ó:sk zaj´-epg

20du

Ek-ZI nig eLg-sunI

20du

LANG HIELL SAM-YORK lIm-CU

elakecA-eg¨a GñkRsIeLa-nag

20du

eG[g-sux nig kUnecA

20du

ó:sk lI-sn ó:sika esIn-RTI

20du 20du 20du

20du 20du 20du

nag-hu)n nig kUnecA

20du

20du

TAING MUY LANG

20du

laP nig kUnecA

20du

yuvCn esam-suPkþI

elak nU-sM:n nig RKYsar

20du

ó:sika Kg-suKnÆa

20du

yay es]m

ó:sika zul suPa-zav

elak :¨n-r¨b GñkRsI NavI

20du

ó:sika Ekv-eBRCcaM suI-zul

20du

kJ¦a esam-suCa

ó:sk zac´-sUpat ó:sika y¨g-vnñI Pikú¡ rs´-y¨an

20du 20du 20du 20du

20du 20du

GuM-zug

20du

Kg-Giun nig RKYsar

20du

ó:sika Ey¨m-Tum ó:sika Ey¨m-tg

20du

ó:sika y¨an-run

cMerIn nig Priya

20du

Pikú¡ ywm-viciRt

elakQan-lwmh)ag GñkRsI taMg-KImeLg

20du

ó:sika h)Yy-KwmeLg nig kUnecA

20du

elak rtna

20du

Em¨n-sueX]n

20du

GñkRsI si-cn

20du

KEN SOPHON

20du

Gwun-tg´

b¨k-pun

ó:sika Kwm-kn

ó:sika mas-pa ó:sk Eb¨n-b¨n

elak huk-sumnbuRt GñkRsI huk-niml

ó:sk ezt-rin ó:sika em¨A-xat´ kUnecA

20du 20du 20du

20du

20du

20du

ó:sika zg-xaM

ó:sk siun-emn ó:sika bu¨n-ri

20du

20du

kJ¦a esam-c&nÞ suBIn

20du

ó:sika eX]m nig RKYsar

20du

GñkRsI suePaK-KnÆa

yuvCn esam-suP&N

GñkRsI Gu)g-siIpan´Na

20du

20du 20du

20du

20du 20du

Gacarü kaMg-ehg nig RKYsar

20du

ó:sk Lúg-er]n

20du

Kwm-B&n

20du

elak er]n

20du

20du

elak ha-j¨t zn-DI

20du

RBM-es]m Zara¨

zg-és-KMu RBmTaMgbuRt

20du

elak ér-Emm GñkRsI em¨A-sIuNag

20du

20du


mIg-Lwg Gñknag

hM-TI

-501DIEM KAO nig buRt

ywm-pløa RBmTaMgRKYsar ó:sika pa-erIn :¨n-hYr

20du

Ka-eqg

20du

elakGacarü zac´-guk Ca-Kimtak

20du

elak suyuTÆ-ecLa GñkRsI RCUk-hac

20du 20du

ó:sika Kwm-es[n lim-CU

esn-y¨at

ó:sk sm|tþi-hY)t ó:sika sm|Úr-:n

GñkRsI CMu-suCat

sIuv-eGg

Kwm-yin

ó:sika hgS-sMGul

20du 20du

20du

20du

20du

Gacarünag-Nat

20du

20du

ra¨nI nig RKYsar

20du

20du

GñkRsI qun-rit nig RKYsar

20du

20du

ó:sika NaM-sIu

lI-PYg

-502-

20du 20du 20du

sUm-vuTÆI

vnñI

GñkmIg em¨A-sarun

20du

20du

elak R:k´-Pn GñkRsI Pin-va¨n´Nan

20du

GñkRsI sIum-saErn elak epg-hYt nig buRt

20du

TUc-lwmesg Emn-suex]n

20du

elak bu¨k-suKnÆaNa

20du

ó:sika Gu)k-ép ó:sk Qun-GIu

20du

GñkRsI Zin-NarinÞ nig buRt

20du

ó:sika QW-suIvh)ag

20du

ó:sika mas-da

20du

Tayika BisI

20du

Qit-dav c&nÞsita Ekv-suvNÑ

20du

ó:sika san´-supat

20du

ó:sika Ek-ey]n

20du

ó:sika ezag-Xan

20du

ejam hiun-pan

ó:sk Eb¨n-jwm ó:sika tU-sarI ó:sika muwg-ln´

20du

ó:sika elg-eG]g

20du

ó:sika gwn-sat

20du

ó:sk tul-eX[

20du

elak tan´-Rsun nig RKYsar

20du

elakRsI pa-vNÑarI

20du

taMg-rI

nig SAMPHEARY

elak Eb¨n-sux nig RKYsar elak Titü-NUva¨

20du

GñkRsI supl-mMu

ó:sk Qun-bu)nTI ó:sk yin-KuN Pikú¡ esam-vnæa

vtþGu)kELn

20du 20du 20du

20du

20du

20du

SOPHAN TAN

20du

RBhμ-mas suvNÑ

Pikú¡

20du

20du

ó:sika Kg´-ey¨n

20du

20du

20du

ó:sk Xun-em¨hav ó:sika es[v-eqg

elak sux-em]t GñkRsI ehg-va¨n´

20du

KEM SOPHORN

ó:sika xan´-hYy

20du

elakRbus HAM SOEUNG

cnÆÚ

ó:sika can´-sUpat

20du

elak sU)-swum GñkRsI Kin-sMbUr ó:sika ys-m¨n

20du 20du

20du

20du

20du

elak LaMg-Kimeqg

20du

GñkRsIsk´-sMen[g nig RKYsar

20du

Tayk supl

GñkRsI hIum-Lúg

GñkRsI nI-pa nig PVamI

GñkRsI sYn-vI nig sVamI

GñkRsI va¨n´-eP[

20du

20du 20du

20du

20du


-503-

ó:sika ju¨k-hY RBmTaMgbuRt

20du

GñkRsI hM-sMGat nig buRt

ó:sika sy-bu)n

20du

kemøaH ezt-kU nig dar;

ó:sika lwm-y¨um ehA salI

20du

ó:sika kan´-sara¨n´

ó:sika zac´-er¨g

20du

elak Duk-bu)nPit nig Nm-vit

20du

ó:sika h-su)n

ó:sika es[k-es[n kJ¦a yin-can´Nara

elak ex[v-saer]n nig RKYsar sux-nIn nag Cwm-kJ¦a

supan´NÑarI ADAM, CHRISTOPHER, SOUR LENG KAO LEE ABEL SOPHEA KEN, MORN KEN, PHALLY SHMITH, CHENDA KEN, GASSENDRA KEN, ALVIN KEN, SOPHEAP SAMITH

GñkRsI Nub-NMu

20du

20du

20du

20du

20du

mut-supl ePa-sUev]n

20du

20du

elakta ert

20du

nag bu:ö

20du

20du

ex[v-Nat

ó:sika eGam-ec[n

GñkRsI sM-sam¨n ó:sk esk-es)[n

20du

ó:sika esn-Cwm

20du

DI-ENt

20du

-504-

va¨n-can´ bu¨n-em¨A

eK]n

sara¨n

20du kUnecA

20du

20du 20du

20du 20du

20du 20du

sava¨t

20du

20du

ó:sika yin-DInut

GñkRsI bU¨-Nn

20du

eBA-Titüa

ó:sika sy-b)un

20du

elak munIsUta-eTB

ó:sika lwm-yu¨m ehA salI

20du

ó:sika LúgEb¨n

20du

ó:sik zac´-er¨g

20du

GñkRsI y¨an

20du

ó:sika Cuk-es]n ó:sk QWn-bu)nlWt nig Priya ó:sika es[k-es[n kJ¦a yin-can´Nara

Ca-EkvbUrun san-suxa

elak tUc-ób|ala ‘qWt’ SAORAN LATOUR BIN VETH BIN TOUCH BIN ARTH BIN RITH BIN BO GñkRsI sIum-bu:ö nig buRt

20du 20du

20du

20du

GñkRsI Gu)g-ZarI

GñkRsI esaP&N

20du

GñkRsI yI

20du

ó:sika Eb¨n-sYn

20du

20du 20du

20du 20du

20du

20du

elak lwm-es[g

20du

20du

suCat nag eP]g

20du 20du

20du

20du

20du 20du

ó:sk eck-Xan

20du

m¨ak´-Gu)y nig ywm-hu)n

20du

20du

run-céN

20du

exøIt nig RKYsar

20du

GñkRsI éN elakta PI

20du

elak sara¨t´ GñkRsI eG[n

20du

R:k´-sm|tþi

20du

m¨ac-Cn nig RKYsar

can´-éL nig RKYsar

20du


-505-

elak nig elakRsI Zam-Gun SIA REN QA GñkRsI em¨A-eh[g

elak pU-cy GñkRsI yI

ó:sika Gu)n-G)n elak em-bu¨g h)un-Kwmehg

elak Ca-s)uvtæna GñkRsIXun-sUnIm¨a nig buRt hug (HONG)

GñkRsI lI-KwmsIu

Ev¨n-saer]n

ó:sk eck-Xan ó:sk Qun-em¨A

elak Ca-hY)g GñkRsI tU-supan´Na

20du

ó:sk Kwm-saMg ó:sika sYs

20du

elak G)ab-haMgXun GñkRsI Guwg-lIKag

20du

GñkRsI eZ]n elakem¨A buRtZIta

20du

20du 20du 20du 20du

20du

20du 20du 20du 20du

20du 20du

20du

GñkRsI pa-qay¨asIu

20du

GñkRsI Kwm-ehg

20du

GñkRsI Kwm-han GñkRsI mIu-suZar SEAK CHEA Qin-lI

(CHIN LEE)

ó:sika tUc-XunNag BOU SAMY

20du

20du 20du 20du

20du 20du

ó:sika gI-eq

20du

GñkRsI lwm-bu:ö

20du

elak hiun-suvNÑ nag Guwg-mYyh)ag GñkRsI lI-Eg¨t elakkUv-Kih©lg´ GñkRsI can´-lI

GñkRsI sIum-sar¨n nigRKYsar bu:ö-sIum

ó:sika sIu-eln

Ca-EkvbUrun san-suxa

tUc-ób|ala ‘qwt’ va¨tZir;

ó:sika mYg-es]n nig buRt

suxumç elakr&tñ-vu¨nç DI-y¨anIç rUsalInç rUsanINara

-506-

20du

20du 20du

ó:sika elg

ó:sika esþIg-muy

elak su)m-vNÑ; GñkRsI vNÑI buRtZIta

20du

20du 20du 20du

ó:sika eBRC-sYn

20du

ó:sk RBMu-ey]n

19du

ó:sk ekA-lIesg ó:sika cab´-m¨anI

18du

elak kg-CYn GñkRsITUc-er¨n ó:sk Ekv-qat ó:sika ng-run

20du

18du

RsI-eh]n nig kUn

18du

elak sIum-sarit GñkRsI h)y-Esn nig buRtZIta

18du

sIum-evgKav nig kUn

elak sUt-etg GñkRsI h)y-es[n nig buRtZIta

18du 18du

elak lwm-Tit GñkRsI Esm-suxun

18du

elak h)y-suzan GñkRsI su)m-m¨ac nig buRt

18du

ó:sika G)av-bY)y nig buRtZIta

17du

ó:sika Gu)n-ép ehAsIuza Gñk«tmaneQμaH

elak sarYn nig RKYsar GñkRsI taMg-CavNÑ;

Gu)g-sMxan´ Ca-Kuyh)ag

ó:sika eLa-samu¨t ó:sika Lúg-nag

elak ecg-Ka GñkRsI Qwm-cnñI eb¨-sar¨g

18du 17du 15du

15du

15du 15du 15du

15du

15du

20du

elakRbus CHARO BAN

15du

20du

elak mu¨k-eK[g nig RKYsar

15du

20du 20du

20du

20du

20du

mIn-sag

elak bYg-taMg nig RKYsar

Gacarü Gu)k-Esm ó:sika hg´-Cwm

ó:sika sat´-can´

elak R:k´-pn GñkRsI Pin-:Nan

15du 15du 15du

15du

15du


-507-

-508-

elak Kwm-sarun GñkRsI rU-KirI

15du

elak esg-siun nig kUn esg-salINa

SOUPHAPHONE KEOVONGKOT

15du

kJ¦a esg-rtna

ó:sika Eqm-Lab nig buRtZIta GñkRsI ra¨nI elak BuTÆCn nig buRtZIta

elakes[v-KImvYc nig Priya

15du

15du

elak esg-sIum GñkRsI Ej¨m-eK]n GñkRsI Lac-supl

11du

11du 11du 11du

15du

ó:sika Eg¨t-hYy

11du

elak es[n GñkRsI criya

15du

elak esk-Gag

11du

GñkRsI eBIg-suxum

15du

nag Lac-supan

11du

15du

elak EBk-sMeG[t kut-ér¨

11du

15du

nag :éL

elak TUc-TiB GñkRsI exm-PaB elak eBIg-ey]m eBIg-ciretC

eBIg-cirvNÑ yaMug-vinña

Gug-sMGat nig RKYsar

eC]-ZI

Ca-KwmeLg Ej¨m-Lag

ó:sika TYn-savin nig RKYsar

15du

15du 15du

15du 15du

15du 15du

GñkRsI sIusuvtæi c&nÞ vløki¡Na

elak h)y-suxa GñkRsI cnÆI nig buRtZIta elak EBk-smÖsS eb¨-saer]n

GñkRsI G)ag-Cav

ó:sika eTs-sun nig kUnecA

14du

pløI-Xut

elak zac´-QYg GñkRsI Ey¨m-cnÆÚ nig buRtZIta

14du

GñkRsI eLA-Kwmh)ag elak esA-sarYn

elak sux-ehg ó:sika es]g-eGg GñkRsI em]n-rsμI nig buRtZIta

10du

12du

pU-PIerIk

11du

12du

ó:sika ém¨-saer¨t

11du

elak esg-sut GñkRsI h)y-eBA

10du

10du

Pwg-sarit

kJ¦a hug-PanI

10du

eb¨-suxum

11du

ó:sika pan´-sYg

10du

13du

elak Ekv-Ekn EBk-suPa

ó:sika cab-Xin

san-sIuXn

10du

10du

12du

elak EBk-sMNag RsI EGm

elakRsI m¨a-suTÆ

10du

GñkRsI esA-saer[b elak tan´-suxa

14du

yaMug-daM

ó:sika R:k´-yin

10du

10du

14du 14du

10du

GñkRsI y¨g´-em¨A

GñkRsI jwb

nag lki¡Na

elak sUg-suPaB GñkRsI sUg-malI

11du

10du

elak PU-etg GñkRsI ZI

15du

11du

nag sunYn

15du

ó:sika eLa-sIurun

11du

11du 11du

11du

11du

Kwmsan-Ca ó:sika esuIg-ZIh)n ó:sikia CMu-zn

elak siun-eK[m

elak Em¨n-em¨t nig RKYsar ó:sk Gin-sn

elak jil-em]n RBmTaMgRKYsar GñkRsI

CHAN DOUNG CHAN

ó:sika Es

10du 10du 10du

10du 10du

10du

10du

10du

10du

10du 10du


c&nÞtanIEkv

-509-

-510-

10du

elak eZ]m GñkRsI ENb

10du

ó:sika ehg-sIuveT[g nig buRtZIta

10du

ó:sika eBA-yWn ó:sk Guwm-Xn

GñkRsI s-suxa

10du

Pikú¡ RBM-es[n

10du

kJ¦a em[c-mkra

10du

elak sara¨t-rit nig RKYsar

10du

10du

SOPOHY ROEUNG «N-et SON

hYt nig RKYsar

elakGacarü eBRC-visuTÆIOm ó:sika sUt-sazn GñkRsI sIuy¨an-eNt

Khmning Annie (Pann) Family PMu RBmTaMgRKYsarç ruN-RBmTaMgRKYsar GñkRsI jwk-lI

10du

10du 10du

10du

elak Ekv-kusl

10du

10du

ó:sika gU¨v-mYyLay

10du

ó:sika lI-sarI

10du

nag :y-GUn nig RkumRKYsar GñkRsI ehg-Qab

10du 10du

10du 10du

ó:sika cwk-eg]n

10du

10du

sn-sYn

10du

10du

ó:sika Lúg-GIum

elak mURt-viciRt GñkRsIEk-es]n

10du

ó:sika esg-Kwmh)n nig buRt

lIm-suxCU

10du

KAO CHANDANY GñkRsI Cam-hVwg

elak Gu)k-su)m GñkRsI Gu)k-epgeLg

10du

GaPa

10du

elak Giuj-sij GñkRsI Cuy-éNGuij

qan´-Cn

10du

GñkRsI ép-lI

10du

Ekv-es]n

10du

Kuy-van´Na

CHAYA DARY nig kUnTaMg 2

10du

MUY VOUN

ó:sika TUc-y¨un

10du

ó:sika b)n-ra¨

ó:sika RBH-Qag nag lI-Eq

GñkRsI pan´-sarIm

ó:sk zac´-sUpat

elakyay tan´-:¨v davI-rit

ó:sika RbIy-y¨um ó:sika GY)-ng

ó:sk Gu)n-sarum

10du

ó:sika Nm

10du GñkRsI yg-vnñI

ecA-eLAhVúg

Cug-sugem¨g

10du

ó:sika em[g-em¨A Xwm vNÑa

10du

10du

ecA-eyavlUg

KIM BERLY HUN SOK DIM IM hYt-el]t nak-rwm

10du

10du

GñkRsI TUc-KImeGg RBmTaMgbuRt

10du

10du

10du

10du

10du

10du

10du

KIm-eh[g

10du

ó:sika Lúg-GIu

10du 10du

elakCYg-:¨n nag jiúl-maliH nig júil-«®nÞIy¾

10du

10du

GuM Lac

ó:sika Ca-su)nsIum

nag KIM ROS

10du

ó:sika r&tñ

10du

10du

10du

ó:sika Cwm-Gul

GñkRsI Et-sIuvlag

GñkRsI GIu-ywk EGm-mI-yaM

10du

hIug-h)n ehA kuk-sara¨n´ xwm-san´ ó:sk lI-KIv ó:sika eta-eGg va¨n´-Gu)m

ó:sika yI-RCin

10du

10du 10du

10du 10du

10du

10du 10du 10du

10du 10du


eG]n-tug NarI

-511-

pan´-sava¨t

elak mas-saMg

10du

ó:sika mu¨m-rI

10du

elak ywm-esg GñkRsIes]n

10du

kJ¦a Ey¨m-RsImuM

10du

elak bwuk-Qag GñkRsI Ehm-eqge:¨

10du

ó:sika can´-Lúg nig kUncan´-lI

10du

GñkRsI RBwn-ra¨n´

10du

GñkRsI Dug-bPavtþI sVamI nig buRt GñkRsI nYn-suPI

GñkRsI sYn-suxum

-512-

10du

elak bu)n-el]g nig Priya

10du

10du

10du

GñkRsI bu)n-ehg

10du

kJ¦a Ey¨m-RsIGUn

10du

ó:ska nYn-esg ó:sika Kg´-Nara¨n´

10du 10du 10du

Tayk zn

10du

ó:sika lI-sayCU

10du

elaksirI-sM:n nig RKYsar

10du

dnøgó:sikaqan´-kan´CYg

10du

elak y¨av-nag nagsuxa

10du

ejam lINa

10du

ejam es[g-lim

ó:sika sux-y¨an ó:sika Gwm-eG]n ó:sika miul-buic ó:sika twk-Gun

10du

ó:sika eb-ey¨n

10du

epg-nag

10du

ó:sk saer]n ó:sika bu¨k-min

10du

10du

elak sanI GñkRsI Pirun nigbuRtZIta

10du

10du

bu)t-suxa

elak Gu)m-supl GñkRsI Lúg-Pa ó:sika Eg¨t-xun

elakGacarü sam-KuN ó:sika r&tñ-rI

ó:sika EGm-eTt

10du

ó:sika G)ab-c&nÞlI

10du

ó:sika muwg-ln´

10du

yuvCn em-pan´Na

EmLÚ-zaenaka

10du

ó:sika lI-sarI

ó:sk esk-mu¨n ó:sika Ekv-G)n

ó:sika yin-Ekm GñkRsI eG]n-sarI

10du

10du

10du

Qit-davKuNRTI

10du

Qit-davesA-va¨nñI

10du

Qit-davciRta

elak eTs-samit

elak bU)-eyIn nig sumalI

10du

10du

10du

10du

10du 10du

10du

10du

ó:sika vin elakta eC]m kUnecA

10du

GñkRsI ra¨sIu nig RKYsar

10du

GñkRsI ra¨nI nig RKYsar

ó:sk DI

supl nig RKYsar

10du 10du

10du 10du

Pikú¡ ezag-G)at

10du

ó:sk Qun-sava¨n nig RKYsar

10du

Pikú¡ mut-sug GñkRsI siwum

10du

10du

10du

ó:sika Gwum-pul

10du

10du

GñkRsI Qwm-sag¨at´

10du

Pikú¡ muninÞetæera mhaj¨-eTBmunI

10du

ó:sika eG]g

10du

nut-sIum

10du

elak suvNÑ GñkRsI el]m

10du

GñkRsI BMu-sUPI elak mYg-sMGat

10du

elak nYn-en]n nig Priya

10du

Tayika cnÆÚ Gu)-sIun

10du

GñkRsI :y-GUn nig RKYsar

10du


ó:sika eqg-yan

-513-

10du

-514-

ó:sika vg-hVwg nig kUn zU-saeLA

7du

ó:sika G(at-eGg

10du

elak zU-c&nÞtara nig RKYsar

7du

Gwug-sg

10du

GñkRsI zU-nika nig RKYsar

7du

san-suxXn ys´-suvNÑ

10du

mIn-malI

san-suMpit sux-Ca

Pikú¡ Ey¨m-Nak bsSenña TI CHHOR

10du 10du

elak eb¨g-lI nig surtn¾

10du

GñkRsI Ekv-ev¨t

10du

G)ak-taMg

10du

GñkRsI KYc-XIm

10du

GñkRsI sux-sM

GñkRsI zU-ra¨n´DI nig RKYsar

7du 7du

elak biul-eG[t GñkRsI sIuNa

7du

GñkRsI Cin-vIra¨ nig sVamI

7du

7du

elak Cin-eb[løI nig RsI nut

7du

GñkRsI Qan-eZ]n

7du

sUg-suPa

7du

10du

elak sYn-c&nÞI GñkRsI Kwm-lI

ó:sika G)um-zul

10du

GñkRsI dYg-NarI

elak suvNÑ-Qun ó:sika Eb¨n

10du

ó:sika Ca-KYr

7du

e:-éN

10du

elak sUuIm-samu¨n GñkRsI sMsuxn

7du

sUg-suP&N

7du

ó:sika hu)y-Pn GñkRsI sIm-Kav

mIn-sarI

can´za nig vNÑarI

ó:sika pan-Lúg

yaMug-sKuN hu)uy-sevt

10du

10du

elak zU-suxra¨n´ nig RKYsar

10du

eNn-suxCa

9du

9du

sUg-Epmm¨aLa

7du

7du

7du 7du

7du

9du

elak lwm-etAexg GñkRsI ehg-sIuhn

7du

yaMug-sevt

9du

ó:sika xaM-PU

6du

GñkRsI hg´-Kwmy¨an

7du

hu)y-eRbstUn

yaMug-suIvut

ó:sika eQ]m-ra¨n´ ó:sika Lag

ó:sika sM-yin

ó:sika DYg-c&nÞbu:ö nig buRt elak er¨m-GYn

ó:sika Em¨n-sium ó:sika Lag

9du 7du

7du 7du 7du 7du

7du

7du

GU)c-er]n

7du

GñkRsI Cwc-Ng nig GIu-xVan´nI

7du

ó:sika su)n-Lay

elakta eG]-es]n elakyay Kim-Qun

7du

7du

GULa-éz

cM:¨sIu

hu)uy-eRbssiN

6du 6du 6du

ó:sika sut-eTB

6du

RsUy-esg

5du

ó:sika esg-éN

BOUY T. TECH & WANNA W. SAO

6du

5du

R:k´_PaC sux-eP]n

5du

ó:sk EGm-rin PYn-el]m

5du

elak KI-tugCag nig RKYsar

5du

yuvCn lI-ZarI

Eym-sava¨n Qan-hWn

ó:sika pan´-sarwm nig buRt

5du

5du

5du


-515-

-516-

GñkRsI twk-m¨alI nig RKYsar

5du

Qit-davsuxanI

ó:sika jwk-elg

5du

ó:sika DI

ywm-y¨an´Na RBmTaMgbuRt

5du

elak m¨al-Zan GñkRsI cMer]n

5du

5du

elak y¨ug-eC[g GñkRsI ezam-Zag

5du

elakGacarü QWn-bu)nelIt sib-eyn

ó:sika suxa-sr

Eq-eqghak´ nig RKYsar

5du

5du

5du

elak man-GanI

5du 5du

GñkRsI can´

bUert nig Zara-suwm

GñkRsI ym nig elak saer]n

5du

ó:sk RBit-Qut

Kuc-yUtaM nibuRtabuRtI

5du

Chea & Dee

elak bu)nel]-GaMxa

ó:sika GUn nigkUnecA

ó:sk ela-suxpn sVay-sarI

Ev¨n-Lab

Rcic

5du

5du

5du 5du

5du

ó:sika bU)-Lay

5du

Pikú¡ sux-es]n

5du

elak ra¨mU¨ nag lI-suPaB RBmTaMgbuRt

5du

elakyay l nag-bu¨k

5du

SADA EUM

5du

ó:sika bu)n-suxLag EPn-sug

ó:sika rs´-sMu Ej¨m-saer¨t

HEANG VOUN

5du

5du 5du 5du

5du

ó:sika zay

RBmTaMgkUnecA

Srey Na Vuthy Try Savan Chim, Roy Sarou

Kam-eX]n

5du

yin-DI

5du

ó:sk QUk-san

5du

yg-kaM

sUPaB-mutCa

5du 5du

5du

5du 5du

ó:sika Gu)m-mu¨n

5du

ó:sika XYn-xaM

elak Rbm-RKYc nig Priya

elak Gat´ GñkRsI yin-yi

5du 5du 5du

5du

elak Emk-saxn GñkRsI lI-Lúg

5du

ó:sika Titü-eln

5du

ó:sika DI-bu)nqan

5du

elakta CMu-sun

GñkRsI esg-pløi

5du

5du

Gcarü CU-mI ó:sika bUlIn kUn

elak PYg-ennA nig Priya

5du

ó:sika siun-yaMu nig buRt

5du

5du

5du

eck-ra¨t

5du

5du

sin-DI

LaM RBmTaMgkUnecA

elak eTs-h)n

ck´-CYn stüa

5du

5du

5du 5du

5du

em]t

ó:sika Eb¨n-bu¨n nig lI-QYn

suZa-CYg nig evt

5du

CHOUK PHEUN BUNHANG KON

5du

5du

5du 5du 5du

ó:ska Qan

5du

ó:sika GMu-m¨c

5du

ó:sika eqg-yan ó:sika TUc-sMbUr SAMNANG TOUCH & SOKHEUN

5du 5du

5du


GñkRsI Pin-nI

-517-

5du

ó:sika pan´-sarwm

5du

elak zg-Lak´ GñkRsI lun

-518-

GñkRsI twk-can´eZ]n nig RKYsar

5du

5du

ó:sika ehg-ehg

5du

ó:sika xMu

5du

ó:sk s)an ó:sika suPI

5du

ó:sika ex[v-Nat

5du

5du

GñkRsI j¨g´-suxn

5du

ó:sika G)m-Nm

ehg-pan

5du

ó:sika ey]m

5du

elak lI-bU)n lI-supa RBmTaMgbuRt

5du

lI-suP&N nag va¨n´DI RBmTaMgbuRt

5du

ó:sika eC[m-zun ehARBHGg<tU-jwb elaklI lIsudl´ nagXa-rU¨Layç lI-can´za

ó:sika sm-sMpan´

elak Ehm-hug GñkRsInut-ninnarI RBmTaMgkUnecA eb¨-sarU

elakRsI

LISA NAJARIAN

elak ekA-c&nÞdara¨ GñkRsI

ALYSSA HAN HENG

5du

5du 5du 5du 5du 5du

Ekm-ehg

5du

elak Ekv-can´ GñkRsI Xwm-eGg

5du

rum-Gu)g

CHOY PHANIXAY ó:sika Gag-Ny

5du

5du 5du

ó:sika CMu-huIg

5du

ó:sika Cuk-es]n

5du

elak siun-nI nig RKYsar

5du

ó:sika nYn-Pin

GñkRsI qat´-eqam nig RKYsar

elak sUpat sMGun Emn nig RKYsar

5du 5du

5du

eTB-sarinÞ

5du

ó:sika ekA-esgva¨n

5du

sUvin-hak´

5du

elak suyuZa GñkRsI Qun-Nag

5du

ó:sika Ekv-eh

5du

GñkRsI la

5du

GñkRsI sIu-en]t

GñkRsI sMu)-saeK]n nig RKYsar

ó:sika saZ-Pwm

5du

5du

5du 5du

5du

elak eRK[l-eqam GñkRsI ósSra

5du

ePa-KwmhYy

5du

ó:sika Kwm-eGg

5du

GñkRsI cnÆI elak CMu-saÉm

5du

elak mIu-saem]n GñkRsI Qun-sarun

5du

ó:sika Rkij-hug

ó:sika eda-sIupat ó:sika nut-buic

5du 5du

5du

ó:sika Ehm-ehg

5du

ó:sk hav ó:sika say

5du

ó:sika zøag-xn

5du

eNn-samut

4du

elak Twm-yu¨n nig RKYsar ó:sika kg-sIu

eNn-saem¨t eNn-sueGg

eNn-pan´Nat

elak Ej¨m-sarwm elak bu)n-jag

esm nig suP; r¨nnI-vi

lIy¨a

GñkRsI sux-vNÑa GñkRsI rI-lInGu)b

GñkRsI suCati nig RKYsar

ó:sika ENm

5du 5du

4du 4du 4du 4du 4du

4du

4du 4du

4du

4du

4du


-519-

elak zg-Qut

ó:sika nI-va¨n´

4du

-520-

4du

sUmBuTÆbris&Trg´caMsikSaes[vePA

4du

visuTÆimK<ERb PaKTI3

elak hU GñkRsI bu)g

4du

h)y-RKIsþÚhVW

4du

Edlnwge:HBum¬pSayCaZmμTan

3du

enAeBlxagmuxenHCabnþeT[t .

ó:sika xIm-run h)y-RKIsÞINa

4du

ó:sika ehg-s)n

h)un-esaP&N

3du

ó:sika eqam

3du

ó:sika Cuk-es[v

2du

ó:sika m¨m-eG]n

2du

ó:sika Bk

2du

Bin-Qunh)ag em¨A-rtna

suva¨t-zaNas nig ROBERT

kMhusEtgmanCaZmμta x\úMsUmxnþIGP&yeTasGMBIsMNak´RBHetCHRBH KuNRBHezranuezr; nig BuTÆbris&TTaMgGs´ kalebImankar:t´eQμaH ß xuseQμaH nig kalebImankarxusq<gedayRbkarepSg> eT[tenaH sUmRBHetCHRBHKuN nig BuTÆbris&TTaMgGs´ GnueRKaHpgcuH . sUmGrRBHKuN nig GrKuNTukCamun !

sUmRbeKnBr nig CUnBr ♣♣♣

x x

sUmBuTÆbris&TCYyóbtæmÖ kñuúgkic©karZmμTanenH

2du

tamkmøaMgsTÆaRCHzøaer[g> xøÜn

2du

sUmTak´Tg ; Pikú¡vinyZera mhayin-en]n

2du

½ Í ½

x

vtþExμrsan´taGaNa

2630 N. Grand Ave. Santa Ana, CA 92705 (714) 744-2844 U.S.A Tak´Tg; Pikú¡ y¨an-sarun

vtþnYnmunIram ‘ehAvtþzan´’ PñMeBj 012-87-30-09 nig Tak´Tg; Pikú¡R:k´-pløI

vtþbTumvtI PñMeBj 092-94-67-87 ¼

¼

¼

Vishuddimakpre-Part2  

សូមរីករាយ ទាញយកនិងរក្សាទុក ដើម្បីធ្វើជាធម្មទានតទៅ។ សូមអនុមោទនា!!.

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