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BÇsÇ2552 ♣ ♣♣

samKðIVnsux¨BHBuTìeTsna

PaK TIPaK1 TI2

cUrCatiexmrap§Hp§aeTIbCa

ExμrsamKðIK~akm¬õCaVnsux ♣ ♣♣

Pikú¡vinyZera mhayin-en]n vtþExμrsan´taGaNa

.

visuTiìmKðE¨b

¨sLaj’CatiExμr¨tUvEtkarBar

visuTiìmKðE¨b ERbeday

sa®sþacarü Cit-Cn ‘ehAyin-sURt’ er[ber[geday Pikú¡vinyZera mhayin-en]n I G i

e:HBum¬pSayCaZmμTanecjBI

vtþExμrsan´taGaNa

2630 N. Grand Ave. Santa Ana, CA 92705 (714) 744-2834 U.S.A.

shrdðGaemrik elIkTI1

cMnYn 5ç000 k|al rkSasiTÆi

PaKTI1

BÇ sÇ 2552


rUbM CIrti mc©anM nameKatþM n CIrti

Pikú¡vinyZera mhayin-en]n ekIt ézáTI10 Exkk,da 1952

PUmiTYlRBM Rsukemagb\sSI extþ:t´dMbg

sa®sþacarü Cit-Cn

ekIt ézáTI06 Ex01 qñaM 1935

enAPUmiRtBaMgZMxageCIg RsukRtaMkk´ extþtaEkv

   


-x-

Garm¸kfa

elaksa®sþacarü rs´-saevnç elaksa®sþacarü Cit-Cn ehA

‘rbs´Gñker[ber[g’ es[vePA ²bkrN¾viesseQμaHvisuTÆimK<ERb³ EdlsaZuCn GñkRsLaj´RBHZm( kMBugEtGanCab´nwgédenH :nekIteLIgeday RBHraCeyablén semþcRBHmhaeXasannÞ ‘va¨-y¨av’ enAeBl EdlxM\ú ‘Pikú¡vinyZera mhayin-en]n’ :nykKm¬Irmg<ltæTIbnI ERbTaMgbYnPaK eTAzVaysemþc enAvtþsMeBAmas Exvisax qñaM kur qs&k BÇsÇ 2539 KWqñaM 1995 enaH .

semþcRTg´:nman

RBHraCbnÞÚlza ²es[vePAmg<ltæTIbnIERb TaMg 4 PaKenH CYy CaRbeyaCn¾ dl´BuTÆbris&TExμreyIg:neRcInNas´ÇÇÇ ebIGacERb Km¬Ir visuTÆimK< TaMgbIPaK ‘1’ EdlenACaPasa:lI mkCaPasa sMrayExμreyIg:neT[tenaH KWCakarRbesIrNas´ eRBaHExμreyIg sBVézáenH mankarxVHxatk|Ünc|ab´ xagEpñkRBHBuTÆsasna eRcIn Nas´ sUmERbniger[ber[ges[vePA visuTÆimK< TaMgbIPaK o:n CabnþeTAeT[t edIm|ICYyExμreyIgÇÇdz . ehtuenH

x\úMk*:nTTYlza

nwgERb

ehIyer[ber[geZVIes[vePA

yin-sURt’ nig sa®sþacarü ETn-suxn CaedIm edIm|IrYmédKña bkERbKm¬Ir bkrN¾viess eQμaHvisuTÆimK< EdlenACaPasa:lI mkCaPasasRmayExμreyIg o:ncb´sBVRKb´TaMgbIPaK ehIy k*:nsMercKñaCaÉkcä&nÞza oelaksa®sþacarü Cit-Cn TTYlERb PaKTI1 elaksa®sþacarü rs´-saevn ERbPaKTI2 ‘1’ nig o elaksa®sþacarü ETn-suxn TTYlERbPaKTI3 ehIy:nsMerc oxúM\CaGñkEksMrYl RtYtBinitü epÞ{gpÞat´ nig er[ber[g RBmTaMg rknUvfvikaedIm|Ie:HBum¬pg .

bnÞab´BI:nRbwkSaKñarYceRscehIy

eyIgTaMgGs´Kña manesckþIrMePIbxøaMgNas´cMeBaHkic©karenH . enAeBlEdlelaksa®sþacarüTaMg 3 :nbkERbmkCaPasa ExμreyIgxøH> ehIy k*:nbJ¢ÚnnUvsMeNA EdlsresrCaGkSréd eTAox\úM edIm|IEksMrYlepÞ{gpÞat´ niger[ber[gCabeNþIr> eBlEdl x\úM:nTTYlsMeNAenaHehIy x\úM:nykeTABinitüepÞ{gpÞat´ CamYy nwgKm¬IrvisuTÆimK< CaPasa:lI EdlRBHBuTÆeXasacarü :ner[b

visuTÆimK< enH o:nseRmc smtamRBHraCeyablénsemþcRBH

er[gCagmYyBan´qñaM

mhaeXasannÞ . enAkúñgqñaMkur qs&k BÇs 2539 dEdlenaH

Pøat´BIPasa:lIedImenaH

x\Múk*:nCYbRbwkSa CamYyelaksa®sþacarüCaeRcInrUb EdlkMBugEt

mankarPøaMgPøat´edayGectna sUmelakGñkGanCYyEktRmUvpg’.

beRg[nsmNnisSit enABuTÆikviTüal&y

edIm|IkMuomankarxusPøaMg

eday:nykcitþTukdak´bMputÇÇÇ

‘EtebI

rYmman

dUecñH karEdlelaksa®sþacarüTaMgenaH bkERbenH x\úMeXIj

1- Km¬Ir visuTÆimK<TaMgbIPaK manelakGñkERbBImunmkxøH> ehIyEdr bu¨Enþ

za :nERbtamRBHéRtbidkxøH ERbepSgBIRBHéRtbidkxøH EtesckþI

min:nERbocb´sBVRKb´TaMgGs´eT

naTIRkugPñMeBj

knøgmkehIyenaH

ERbkat´ecal:lIPaKeRcIn

KWERbeRCIs

erIsykEtesckþIEbbxøI> mker[ber[gEtbu¨eNÑaHÉg BMu:ncb´sBVRKb´eT .

nwgGtæn&yminCaxusKñaeT .

luHx\úMeXIjdUecñH x\úMk*:nEksMrYlo

1-sa®sþacarüCit-CnERbtBIsa®sþacarürs´-saevnBIGnusStinieTÞsdl´cb´.


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RtUvtamRBHéRtbidkCaPasaExμreyIg ehIyx\úM:ndak´Caelxeyag

er[g enAÉRbeTsshrdðGaemrikvij x\úM:nTTYlsMeNAvisuTÆimK<

edIm|IbJ¢ak´R:b´Km¬Ir ‘PaK nig TMB&r’ o:nc|as´ nig edIm|Igay

PaKTI2 Edlelaksa®sþa rs´-saevn ERbenaH mkcab´epþImEk

RsYlkñúgkarRsavRCavbEnæm sMrab´smNnisSitnigGñkbtibtííþ .

sMrYl nig er[ber[g enAézác&nÞ 5 ekIt ExPRTbT qñaMc Gdðs&k

x\úM:nyksMeNAvisuTÆimK<ERb PaKTI1 Edlelaksa®sþacarü

BÇsÇ 2550 RtUvnwgézáTI 28 ExsIha qñaM 2006 ehIy:ncb´

Cit-Cn :nERbehIyenaH mkEksMrYl nig er[ber[g muneKbgÁs´

sBVRKb´ enAézáGg<ar 3ekIt ExecRt qñaMCUt nBVs&k BÇsÇ 2551

enAkñúgExmaX BÇsÇ 2539 ‘12 mIna qñaM 1996’ ehIy:n cb´

RtUvnwgézáTI 8 Exemsa qñaM 2008 .

sBVRKb´ enAézác&nÞ 3 ekIt Expl<úN qñaMCUt Gdðs&k BÇsÇ 2540 RtUvnwgézáTI10 ExmIna 1997 .

Km¬IrvisuTÆimK<ERb TaMgbIPaKenH EdlRk:ne:HBum¬pSayenaH mkBIrg´caMPaK TI2 pg nig eRBaHBMuTan´manzvikaRKb´RKan´pg .

bnÞab´BIer[ber[gPaKTI1 cb´ehIyeTIbx\úMcab´epþImEksMrYlepÞ{g

kñúgkarERber[ber[genH

x\úMsUmxnþIGP&yeTasGMBIsMNak´RBH

pÞat´ PaKTI3 bnþeTAeT[t Edlelaksa®sþa ETn-suxn :nERb

etCHRBHKuN RBHezranuezr; Gs´elakEdleqø{vqøatkñúgPasaExμr

xøH>ehIy . CaGkusl KYrosþayxøaMgNas´ elaksa®sþacarü

nigPasa:lI ehIysUmemtþaGnueRKaH dl´Gñker[ber[gpg . xúM\

ETn-suxn

sUmTTYlnUvkarriHKn´BIRKb´mCÄdðanTaMgGs´ Edl:neXIjkMhus

ERb:nBak´kNþalEtbu¨eNÑaH

elakk*:nGnic©kmμ

eTA bnSl´TuknUvPar;enHoeTAelaksa®sþacarü nU-Cwm TTYlERb bnþeTAeT[t Etelaksa®sþa nU-Cwm ERb:nEtbIbYnTMB&r k*Qb´ eTAvij eRBaHmankarrvl´xøaMgeBk dUecñHPar;enH RtUvZøak´mkelIx\úM Gñker[ber[geTAvij ehIyx\úMk*:ncab´epþImERbÇÇÇ nig :ncb´sBV RKb´enAézá BuZ 8 erac Exktiþk qñaMxal sMriTÆis&k BÇsÇ 2542 RtUvnwg ézáTI11 Exvicäika qñaM 1998 . ehIy:no Pikú¡ eG]-esA CYyvaycmøgÇÇÇ EtBMuTan´:nsMerceT x\úMRtUvEksaCazμImþgeT[t . cMENkÉsMeNA visuTÆimK<ERb PaKTI2 vijenaH Pikú¡ mhasmys vtþm¨ak´sIu enARbeTs:raMg TTYlykeTAEksMrYl nig er[b er[g Etelakrvl´xøaMgeBk k*:nRbKl´mkox\úMEksMrYl nig er[b

Rtg´kEnøgNanImYyenaH ehIypþl´Caeyabl edIm|InwgCYyEklMG Km¬IrvisuTÆimK<ERb TaMgbIPaKenH o:nlÁRbesIreLIg nig edIm|I CYyRTRTg´nUvGayuCIvit énRBHBuTÆsasna rbs´Gg<RBHsmμasm¬úTÆ éneyIg o:nrIkcMerIn ruger]g er[gteTAmuxeT[t . sUmGrRBH KuN nig sUmGrKuNTukCamun .

PikÅúvinyFera mhayin-enOn vtþExμrsan´taGaNa shrdðGaemrik ézác&nÞ 15 ekIt Exvisax qñaMCUt sMriTÆis&k BÇsÇ 2552 RtUvnwgézáTI 19 ExósPa qñaM 2008


esckI¶EfÂgGMNrKuN x\MúGñker[ber[g sUmEzøgGMNrKuNd*RCaleRCA -cMeBaHelaksa®sþacarüTaMgbYnrUb Edl:nlHbg´eBlevla d*mantémø rbs´elak ehIy:nRbwgERbgERbKm¬IrbkrN¾viess eQμaHvisuTÞiÆmK<TaMg 3 PaKenH o:nseRmc smdUcesckþIb¨g R:zña taMgEtBIedImer[gmk rhUtdl´TIbJ©b´ . -cMeBaHPikú¡ R:C\-saran nig Pikú¡ hYt-Eg¨t RBmTaMgshkarI Edl:nCYyyksMeNAvisuTÆimK<ERb GMBIelaksa®sþacarü CitCn mkoxM\úedIm|IEksMrYl nig er[ber[g . -cMeBaHPikú¡ eG]-esA Edl:nykcitþTukdak´CYyvaycmøgKm¬Ir visuTÆimK<ERb PaKTI3

nig cMeBaHRBHmha sm-ys PaK TI2 .

-cMeBaHsmNnisSit nig sa®sþacarümYycMnYneT[tCaBiess KWelaksa®sþacarü enABuTÆikviTüal&y Guwg-ZYg vtþeBaZival TI rYmextþ:t´dMbg EdlRtUvkarKm¬IrvisuTÆimK<ERbTaMgbIPaKenH CageK ehIyTTUccg´:n nig CMrujÇÇÇ oxúM\Rbjab´er[ber[g edIm|ITukCa RbeyaCn¾dl´RBHBuTÆsasnapg nig dl´smNnisSit RBmTaMg Bu T Æ b ri s & T pgÇÇÇEdlCaehtu e ZV I o x\ M ú r w g rw t Etmankmø a M g kay-ci t þ xitxMEksMrYl niBitüepÞ{gpÞat´ nig er[ber[g edIm|Io:nsMercCa Km¬IrvisuTÆimK<ERb TaMgbIPaKenHeLIg . -cMeBaHRBHezranuezr; RBmTaMgBuTÆbris&T RKb´mCÄdðanTaMgGs´ Edl:nCYyóbtæmÖ kñúgZmμTanenH TaMgzvika TaMgkmøaMgR:C\a nig sμartI taMgEtBIedImmk rhUtdl´Km¬IrvisuTÆimK<ERbenH cb´bribUr .

óTiÞskza x\úMsUmóTÞisRBHraCkusl EdlekItBIZmμTand*ézøzøaenH zVay

‘va¨-y¨av’

-semþcRBHmhaeXasannÞ

sUmRTg´esaynUvRBH

raCmhakuslenH smtamRBHraChb\T&y . -semþcRBHsg¹raCTaMgBIrKN; EdlRTg´esaynUvRBHTIvg<t

TaMgmhanikay

knøgeTAehIyenaH

TaMgZmμyutþ

sUmRBHGg<RTg´

esayRBHraCmhakuslenH . sUmóTÞiskuslénZmμTananisgSenH RbeKn -cMeBaHRBHezranuezr;RBHsg¹smNnisSitEdl:nbUCaCIvit edIm|IRBHBuTÆsasna sMrab´TukoRBHsg¹CMnan´eRkay :nykeZVI CaKMrUd*lÁ>ÇÇÇ sUm:nTTYlbuNükuslenHkMubIxan . -cMeBaHelaksa®sþacarü

ETn-suxn Edl:nksagZmμTan

xitxMERb Km¬IrvisuTÆimK< PaKTI3 eTaHCaBMuTan´:ncb´cugcb´edIm k* eday

enHCasñaédmYyd*lÁ

sMrab´RBHBuTÆsasnaÇÇÇ

sUmelak

sa®sþacarü:nTTYlnUvkuslenH ehIy:neTAekIt kñúgsuKtiPB smtammenarzeTAehag . -cMeBaHGñkdwknaM BYkbJ¦vnþ GñkesñhaCati yuvCnyuvtI RbCa BlrdðExμr RKb´Can´zñak´TaMgGs´ Edl:nbUCaCIvit edIm|ImatuPUmi edayTwkcitþd*esμaHRtg´ sUmoviJ¦aNk¡nÆGñkTaMgenaH:nTTYlnUv kuslenH sUm:neTAekIt kñúgTIsuxTIsYK( kMubIxaneLIy . sUmRbeKnmK<plEdlekItGMBIZmμTanenH

cMeBaHRBHetCHRBH

KuN RBHezranuezr; RBHsg¹RKb´Gg< Edl:nCYyóbtæmÖ kñúgkar


-q-

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e:HBum¬Km¬IrvisuTÆimK<ERb TaMgbIPaKenH o:nsMercCasæaBr sUm RBHGg<manRBHCnμayuyWnyUrCagryRBHvsSa edIm|ICamøb´d*RtCak´ nig CaTIBwgBak´BMnak´GaRs&ydl´BuTÆbris&TTaMgLayter[geTA . sUmjatiejam

CaBuTÆbris&T

Gs´elak

elakRsI

yay elakta kumara kumarITaMgGs´ Edl:nCYyóbtæmÖpgEdr enaH :nTTYlnUvkuslEdlekItBIZmμTanenHesμI> Kña R:zñay¨ag Na> sUmo:nsMerc smdUcesckþIR:zña eTAehag . sUmCUnbuNükuslenHpgEdr dl´GñkdwknaMExμr RKb´Can´zñak´ RKb´KN;bkSTaMgGs´

sUmdwknaMRbeTsCati

RtUvesñhaCati

elak

RbkbedayeCaK

ExμreGIyrkSaekrmt(kCati

kMuoxUcxatkarBaroKg´

vb|Zm(CatiTMen[mTMlab´

R:saTk|Ünc|ab´ekrBIbUraN

CYyksagCatinigsasna

o:nézøzøaedaycitþd*esμaH

TaMgtUcTaMgZMexmraRKb´R:N

samK<Io:nkMuoEbkEbr

xMsagRsukeTsCYyrkSaEz

eyIgBUCBgSExμrRtUvesñhaCati .

naMKñasþareLIgelIksÞÜytRmg´

CaRBlwgCatiGg<rez,Igz,an

kMuo:t´bg´rkSao:n .

rkSao:nedIm|ICatirs´ .

C&y edIm|IRbeyaCn¾sux dl´RbCaCnEdlsg¹wmTaMgRsugeTAelI maK(aénkardwknaMd*RtwmRtUv sucrit yutiþZm( nig samK<IPaBÇÇÇ .

ExμrsamK<IKña ExμrEbk:k´Kña

km¬úCa:nsux

!

km¬úCavinas

!

ExμrRtUvRsLaj´Exμr ExμrRtUvEzrkSaTwkdIExμrÇÇÇekrBIdUntao:nKg´vg´lÁ PikÅúvinyFera mhayin-enOn vtþExμrsan´taGaNa shrdðGaemrik ézác&nÞ 15 ekIt Exvisax qñaMCUt sMriTÆis&k BÇsÇ 2552 RtUvnwgézáTI 19 ExósPa 2008

rYbrYmKñaeLIgTaMgsg¹RKhsæ

elIksÞÜyse®g<aHRBlwgCatiExμr .

v x v

Pikú¡vinyZera mhayin-en]n


-Q-

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¨VsaT¨BHviharCamtákExμr

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







CY 



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  



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 

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 



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

 

 

 

  







 

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RkumsIl 3 TI 1

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18 23 23 25 25 25 26 27

28

RkumsIl 3 TI 2

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RkumsIl 3 TI 4

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RkumsIl 3 TI 3 RkumsIl 3 TI 5

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92

93

97

100

104 107

108


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125

127 132

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140

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142 142

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146

147

148

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156

159

160

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162

162

164 164

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171


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192

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175

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232

234

238

240

241

241

242

243

243

244

245

246


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340

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347

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288 289

360

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379

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381

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300

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301

385

389

389

391

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299

383

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299

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382

390

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299

380

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377

bItk,siN nig elahitk,siN

294

298

373

375

sg,t´sg,incitþkñúgsm&yEdlRtUvsg,t´sg,in eZVIcitþorIkraykñúgsm&yEdlRtUveZVIorIkray

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391 392 392

395 397

398


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TMB&r

400

402 404

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414

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415

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415

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416

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416

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417

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417

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418

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422

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425

430

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432

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467

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479

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488

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495

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498

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BYkstV

maneRK]gcak´ERsH

tNØa rwtqVak´oCab´CMBak´ TaMgxagkñúgTaMgxageRkA

eRBaHehtuenaH x\MúsUmTUlsYrRBHGg< etIbuK<lNa Gackab´q,ar nUveRK]gcak´ERsHenH:n

‘2’

BN(nabJØaBüakrN¾

.

enHCaesckþIseg¡b énRBHKazaenaH . Baküza ²Cda³ enH 1- suÇ sMÇ PaKTI 29 TMB&rTI 34 . 2– suÇ PaKTI 29 TMB&rTI 33 .

enaH eQμaHza Cda eRBaHdUcCabNþaj eBalKWbNþajénEmk ruk¡CatiTaMgLay manb\sSICaedIm eRBaHGtæza cak´ERsH eRBaH kiriyaekIteLIger]y> kñúgGarmμN¾TaMgLay manrU:rmμN¾CaedIm edayGMNacénkarekIteLIg TaMgxageRkam TaMgxagelI . k*tNØaenHhñwgÉg eTvbuRteBalza ²rwtqVak´TaMgxagkñúg TaMg xageRkA³ eRBaHekIteLIg TaMgkñúgbrik¡ar rbs´xøÜn nig brik¡arrbs´ GñkdéT TaMgkñúgGtþPaB rbs´xøÜn nig GtþPaBGñkdéT TaMgkñúg Gaytn;xagkñúg nig Gaytn;xageRkA .

BYkstV RtUvbNþaj

KWtNØa EdlekIteLIgdUecñHenaH cak´ERsHehIy . GZib|ayza; BYkstVeBalKWBBYkénstVenHTaMgGs´Kña RtUvbNþajKWtNØaenaH cak´ERsH KWrYbrwt edrqVak´ehIy eRb[bdUcCaBYkruk¡Cati manb\sSI CaedIm dUecñaH .

RtUvBYksñab´bnøab\sSICaedIm

cak´ERsH

rYbrwt

edrqVak´

k*BYkstV RtUvbNþaj KWtNØacak´ERsH y¨agenHehIy

eRBaHehtuNaç bBiRtRBHeKatm eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbx\úMTUlsYrRBH Gg<, .

Baküza ²tM tM eKatm³ esckþIza eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbx\Mú

TUlsYrRBHGg< . RBHeKaRt .

eTvbuRtenaH ehARBHPKv&t za ²eKatm³ tam

Baküza ²eka «mM viCdey CdM³ KÅeTvbuRt TUl

sYrza; GñkNaKb|Ikab´q,ar KÅza GñkNaGacedIm|Inwgkab´q,ar nUv bNþaj KWtNØaenH Edlcak´ERsHnUvéRtelakZatuehIy fitenA y¨agenH:n . cMENkRBHmanRBHPaK

RBHGg<mankiriyaRbRBwtþi

edayRBH


visuTÆimK< ERb jaNminmaneTIsTak´

kñúgZm(TaMgBYg

3 RBHGg<CaeTvtarbs´BYk

eTvta CaeTvtaelIsCagBYkeTvta CaRBH«®nÞ elIsCagBYkRBH «®nÞ CaRBHRBhμ elIsCagBYkRBhμ RTg´ekø{vkøa kñúgctuevsarC¢jaN RBHGg<RTg´kmøaMg 10 manRBHjaN KμanZmμCatdéT mk raraMg:n

RBHGg<manck¡úCMuvij

RtUveTvbuRtTUlsYr

dUecñHehIy

kalnwgRTg´edaHRsay nUvesckþIenH dl´eTvbuRtenaH eTIbRTg´ Rtas´RBHKazaenH za ;

nrCn manR:C\a :ntaMgmaM kñúgsIlehIy ceRmIn nUvsmaZicitþ nig vibsSnabJ¦a CaGñkmanBüayam dutkMedAkiels Rbkbeday:rihariyb|J¦a CaGñk eXIjP&y kñúgsgSarç buK<lenaH eTIbkab´q,arnUv tNØaCaeRK]gcak´ERsHenH:n . ‘2’ kñúgkal«LÚvenH x\úMeQμaHBuTÆeXasacarü kal

BN(nanUvesckþIEdlepSg edayKuN mansIlKuNCaedIm énRBHKaza EdlRBHmanRBHPaK RBH Gg<EsVgrknUvKuNd*ZM sEmþgehIyenH tamsmKYr dl´esckþIBitnwgsEmþgnUvó:y Caehtu:nnUvRBH niBVan KWvisuTÆimK<EdlGaRs&yn&yéneTsna rbs´ RBHmhaezrTaMgLay elakmanRbRktIenA kñúgmha vihar CaesckþIvinicä&y d*brisuTÆlÁ CaeRK]geZVI nUv esckþIrIkray dl´BYkkulbuRt

CaRBHeyaKI

kñúg

4

BN(nabJØaBüakrN¾

sasnaenH EdlR:zñaesckþIbrisuTÆi :nbYs kñúg sasnaénRBHCinRsI EdleK:nedaylM:kehIy mindwgnUvpøÚvRtg´CapøÚvd*ekSm Edlse®g<aHedayKuN

mansIlKuNCaedIm tamsmKYrdl´esckþIBitedIm|I

esckþIbrisuTÆi sUm|IBüayamk*eday k*min:nsMerc nUvesckþIbrisuTÆi:neLIyç bBiRtelakGñksb|úrs

TaMgLay! kalx\MúsEmþg nUvvisuTÆimK< edayeKarBç

elakGñkTaMgGs´Kña CaGñkR:zña nUvesckþIbrisuTÆi sUmRbugcaMsþab´ nUvvisuTÆimK<enaH edayeKarBcuH .

bTza ²visuTÆi³ kñúgBaküza x\úMnwgeBalnUvvisuTÆimK<enaH bNÐit Kb|IRCabRBHniBVand*brisuTÆ edaycMENkmYy R:scakmnÞilRKb´ y¨agç pøÚvénesckþIbrisuTÆienaH eQμaHza visuTÆimK<ç ó:yCaeRK]g sMercnUvRBHniBVan RBHPKv&t Rtas´´ehAza ²mK<³ GZib|ayza ²x\Mú nwgsEmþgvisuTÆimK<enaH³

.

k*visuTÆimK<enHenaH

KWRBHPKv&tRTg´

Rtas´sEmþg

edayGMNacénKuNRtwmEtvibsSnab¨ueNÑaH

RBH:lIxøH .

smdUcCaRBHGg<Rtas´ za ;

‘3’

kñúgkalNa buK<leXIjedaybJ¦a za

²sg¡arTaMgLayTaMgBYg mineT[g³ dUecñH kñúgkal eNaH buK<l rEmgen]yNay kñúgesckþITuk¡ç enH CapøÚvénesckþIbrisuTÆi 1- suÇ xuÇ

‘1’

.

PaKTI 52 TMB&rTI 79 .

kñúg


visuTÆimK< ERb kñúg:lIxøH

5

RBHGg<RTg´Rtas´sEmþg

edayGMNacénQan

6

BN(nabJØaBüakrN¾

bJ¢ÚneTAehIy kan´RBHniBVan sBV> kal eTIbqøg

nig bJ¦a . dUcCaRTg´Rtas´za ;

nUvOX; EdleKqøg:nedaykRm .

karBinitü minmandl´buK<lGñkminmanR:C\aç R:C\a minman dl´buK<lGñkminBinitüç karBinitünigR:C\a mankñúgbuK<lNaç buK<lenaHÉg kñúgTICiténRBHniBVan kñúg:lIxøH mankmμCaedIm .

‘1’

eQμaHza fitenA

kñúg:lIxøH

mñalPik¡úTaMgLay! stibdðanTaMgLay 4 enHÉg rEmgRbRBwtþeTA edIm|IesckþIbrisuTÆiénstVTaMgLay

edayGMNacénectna

edIm|IeZVInUvRBHniBVan oCak´c|as´ç enHCapøÚvCaTIeTA

smdUcCaRBHGg< RTg´Rtas´ za ;

énbuK<lmñak´Ég

stVTaMgLay rEmgbrisuTÆ:n edayGdðg<ikmK<enH KW kmμ:ndl´mK<ectnaç viC¢a :ndl´smμaTidði nig smμasg,b|;ç Zmμ; :ndl´smμavayam;ç smμasti nig

smμasmaZiç

sIl

:ndl´

smμavaca

smμakmμnþ; nig smμaGaCIv;ç eQμaHza CIvitd*ótþm minEmnbrisuTÆ edayeKaRt ß edayRTBüeT kñúg:lIxøH

RBHGg<RTg´Rtas´sEmþg

‘2’

.

edayGMNacénKuN

mansIlCaedIm . smdUcCaRBHGg<RTg´Rtas´ za ;

buK<lbribUN(edaysIl manbJ¦a mancitþtm,l´ x¢ab´ edayRbéB manBüayamR:rBÆehIy mancitþ -

r

1- suÇ xuÇ PaKTI 52 TMB&r79 .

2- suÇ sMÇ PaKTI 29 TMB&r85 .

edayGMNacéneBaZi-

bki¡yZm( manstibdðanCaedIm . smdUcCaRBHGg<RTg´Rtas´za ;

.

RBHGg<RTg´Rtas´sEmþg

RBHGg<RTg´Rtas´sEmþg

‘1’ .

sUm|IkñúgeBaZibk¡iyZm( mansmμb|ZanCaedIm k*mann&ydUc KñaenHEdr .

b¨uEnþkúñgbJØaBüakrN¾enH visuTÆimK<enaH RBHGg<RTg´

Rtas´sEmþg edayGMNacéRtsik¡a mansIlsik¡aCaedIm . enH KWCaesckþIBN(na edayseg¡b kñúgbJØaBüakrN¾enaH . ‘4’ bT ²sIel btidðay³ enaH ERbza fitenA kñúgsIl . k*Pik¡ú kalbMeBjsIl obribUN(hñwgÉg eTIbRBHPKv&t ehAza ²fitenA kñúgsIl³ kñúgbTza ²sIel btidðay³ enaH eRBaHehtu enaH

eTIbmanesckþIGZib|ay kñúgbTza

²sIel btidðay³ enH

dUecñHza ²Pik¡ú tm,l´enAs)b´ehIy kñúgsIl edaykarbMeBjsIl obribUN(³ . esckþIza 1- suÇ

Baküza ²nera³ :ndl´stV . bTza ²sbeJ¦a³

GñkmanbJ¦a TIÇ

edaybJ¦aEdlmkRBmnwgbdisnÆiCaéRt

PaKTI 17 TMB&rTI 244 .


visuTÆimK< ERb ehtu ekItBIkmμ .

7

Baküza ²citþM bJ¦J© PavyM³ esckþIza cMerIn

8

BN(nabJØaBüakrN¾

p<geLIgehIy Kb|IRsayRtedaH KWkab´q,arpþÜlrMelIg nUvéRBsñab´

smaZi

KWtNØaEdlZøak´cuH kñúgsnþanrbs´xøÜn TaMgGs´enaH:n manóbma

RBHPKv&t RTg´sEmþg edayBaküCaRbZanéncitþç vibsSna RTg´

bIdUcCabursQrenAelIEpndI elIkeLIgnUvkaMbit EdlxøÜnsemø{g

bTza ²GatabI³ ERbza Gñkman

lÁehIy Kb|Ikab´q,arnUvKum¬b\sSId*ZM y¨agdUecñaHÉg . k*kñúgxN;

esckþIBüayam . k*esckþIBüayam RBHPKv&t RTg´Rtas´ehAza

énmK< Pik¡úrUbenH eQμaHza kMBugkab´q,arnUvbNþaj KWtNØaenaH .

²Gatab;³ eRBaHGtæza Caehtudutkiels oekþAsBVç esckþI

kñúgxN;énpl

Büayam Caehtudutkiels oekþAsBVenaH rEmgmandl´Pik¡úenaH

Tk¡ieNyübuK<l d*RbesIr rbs´stVelak RBmTaMgeTvelak .

smaZicitþ

nig

vibsSnacitþ

sEmþg edayeQμaHza bJ¦a .

.

EmnBit

kñúgbTenH

ehtuenaH Pik¡úenaH eQμaHza GatabI . bJ¦a RBHPKv&tRtas´ehAza enbk,; Rtg´bTza ²nibeka³ esckþIza; RbkbRBm edaybJ¦a enaH .

mYyeT[t RBHPKv&t RTg´Rtas´sEmþg:riharikb|J¦a

edaybTenH . k*kñúgbJØaBüakrN¾enH bJ¦a mkGs´var;3 dg . bNþabJ¦abI BYkenaH bJ¦a TI1 eQμaHza sCatib|J¦aç bJ¦¦aTI 2 eQμaHza vibsSnabJ¦aç

bJ¦aTI 3

eQμaHza

:riharikb|J¦a

EdlCaGñkdwknaM kñúgkic©RKb´y¨ag . bTza

²Pik¡ú³ manvieRKaHza ²buK<lNa eXIjP&y kñúgvdþBaküza ²esa «mM

sMsar buK<lenaH eTIbeQμaHza Pik¡ú³ .

viCdey CdM³ esckþIza Pik¡úenaH KWGñkRbkbRBmedayZm(TaMg 6 RbkarenH KÅedaysIlenH 1

edaysmaZi

EdlRBHPKv&tRTg´

sEmþgedayRbZanKWcitþenH 1 edaybJ¦a 3 RbkarenH 1 eday esckþIBüayamCaeRK]gdutkielsenH

1

QrelIEpndI

KWsIl

kab´q,arrYceRscehIy

Ca

nrCnNa RbkbedaysCatibJ¦a taMgenAs)b´ kñúg sIl ceRmInsmaZicitþpg vibsSnacitþpg eQμaH za CaGñkeXIjP&y kñúgvdþsMsar GñkmanBüayam CaeRK]gdutkiels GñkmanbJ¦aCaeRK]grkSanUvxøÜnç nrCnenaH Kb|Ikab´q,arnUvéRBsñab´ KWtNØa 108 enaH:n . RBHeyaKIenaH RBHPKv&tRtas´ kñúgKazaenaHza ²CaGñkRbkb RBmedaybJ¦a³

edaybJ¦aNaç

kic©EdlRBHeyaKIenaH RtUveZVI

kñúgbJ¦aenaH minmaneT . eRBaHbJ¦aenaH sMercehIy dl´RBH eyaKIenaH edayGanuPaBénkmμEdlmankúñgkalmun EmnBit . k* b¨uEnþRBHeyaKIenaH GMNacénvIriy;

edayzμ KWsmaZi edayéd

PKv&tRtas´ehIy

KÅvIriy;

eQμaHza

eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbRBHPKv&t RTg´Rtas´ za ;

ehIyelIkeLIgnUvkaMbit KWvibsSnabJ¦a EdlxøÜnsemø{glÁehIy KW:riharikb|J¦a EdlkmøaMg

Pik¡úenH

RtUvEtCaGñkeZVICab´bnþKña nig

minodac´

CaGñkeZVIedaykardwgCak´c|as´

kñúgbTTaMgLayza

eday EdlRBH

²GatabI nibeka³ enH fit


visuTÆimK< ERb

9

10

BN(nabJØaBüakrN¾

Edl

CaZmμCatnaMmknUvKuN mankarminsþayeRkayCaedIm . Pav;én

RBHPKv&tRtas´ehIyedayGMNacsmaZicitþ nig vibsSnabJ¦a .

sasnamanlMGRtg´bTkNþal RBHGg<RTg´RbkasedaysmaZi.

RBHPKv&t RTg´sEmþgvisuTÆimK<enH edayRbZan KWsIl smaZi

EmnBit smaZi eQμaHza manlMGRtg´bTkNþal rbs´sasna

nig bJ¦a kñúgRBHKazaenaH .

eRBaHRBH:lIza ²karjúaMgkuslodl´RBm³ dUecñHCaedIm .

enAs)b´

kñúgsIlehIy

Kb|IcMerInsmz;

nig

vibsSna

‘5’ EmnBit sik¡a 3ç sasna manlMG 3 y¨agç Zm(Ca óbnisS&yénKuNviess manviC¢a 3 CaedImç kiriyaev[rbg´nUvRbCMu 2 énpøÚvGmxag nig karesBnUvesckþIRbtibtþiCakNþal ó:y CaeRK]gRbRBwtþiknøgesckþITuk¡ manTuk¡ kñúgG:yCaedIm karlH bg´kiels edayGakar; 3 y¨agç Lay mankarRbRBwtþiknøgCaedImç

Zm(CasRtUv dl´eTasTaMg karCRmHnUvsg,iels 3 y¨ag

nig ehtuénPav;rbs´buK<lmanesatabnñCaedIm CaZm(KWRBHPKv&t RTg´RbkasedayeTsnamanRbmaNb¨ueNÑH . sYrza RTg´Rbkas edayRbkardUcemþc/ .

eqøIyza; k*kúñgbJØakmμenH GZisIlsik¡a

mYyeT[t smaZienaH eQμaHza manlMG eRBaHsmaZienaH naMmknUvKuN man«TÆiviZICaedIm .

Pav;énsasna manlMGRtg´

TIbMput RBHPKv&tRTg´RbkasehIy edaybJ¦a . eQμaHza

TukCaxagcugénsasna

eRBaH:lIza

EmnBit bJ¦a ²karCRmHcitþ

rbs´xøÜn o:npUrpg´ç enHKWCaBaküeRb[nRbedA rbs´RBHBuTÆTaMg Lay ‘1’ ³ nig eRBaHsasna manbJ¦a CaKuNd*RbesIrelIs lb´ .

k*bJ¦aenaH

eQμaHza

manlMG

eRBaHCaehtunaMmknUv

taTiPaB ‘KWPaBnwgn kñúgGarmμN¾CaTIR:zña nig GarmμN¾minCaTI R:zñaTaMgLay .

smdUcCaRBHPKv&tRTg´Rtas´ za ;

RBHPKv&tRTg´RbkasedaysIlç GZicitþsik¡a RBHGg<RTg´Rbkas

bNÐitTaMgLayminrMePIb eRBaHBaküninÞa nigsresIr

edaysmaZiç GZib|J¦asik¡a RTg´RbkasedaybJ¦a . mYyeT[t

dUcCaPñMzμtan´ minrMePIb eRBaHxül´ y¨agdUecñaH

Pav;énsasna

manlMGbTedIm

k*RBHPKv&tRTg´Rbkas

eday

sIl . EmnBit sIlTukCaxagedIm énsasna eRBaH:lIza; ²GVICaxagedIménkuslZm(TaMgLay nigsIlbrisuTÆ edayviess ß ‘1’ ³ dUecñH nig eRBaHRBH:lIza ²karmineZVInUvGMeBI:bTaMgBYg³ dUecñHCaedIm . 1-

suÇ

sMÇ

k*sIlenaH eQμaHza manlMG mhavarÇ PaKTI 38 TMB&rTI 119 .

eRBaHsIlenaH

‘2’

.

óbnisS&y énPaBrbs´buK<l GñkmanviC¢a 3 RBHPKv&tRTg´ RbkasehIy edaysIldUcKñaEdr . eRBaHbuK<l:nsMercviC¢a 3 eRBaHGaRs&ynUvsIlsm|tþi

minEmneRBaHGaRs&yehtudéTeRkA

GMBIsIlenaHeLIy . óbnisS&y énPaBrbs´buK<lGñkmanGPiJ¦a 6 RTg´RbkasedaysmaZi . eRBaHza buK<lGñk:nsMercGPiJ¦a -

1- suÇ TIÇ PaKTI 16 TMB&r 103 .

2- suÇ xuÇ PaKTI 52 TMB&r 38 .


visuTÞimK< ERb

11

sIlnieTÞs

12

6 eRBaHGaRs&ysmaZism|&T BMuEmneRBaHGaRs&yehtudéTeRkAGM

KWtNØa RTg´Rbkas edaysmaZi .

BIsmaZienaHeT .

RTg´Rbkas edaybJ¦a . ehtuénPaBrbs´buK<lCaRBHesatabnñ

RbkasedaybJ¦a.

óbnisS&y énkiriyacak´ZøúH kñúgbdismÖiTa RTg´ eRBaHza buK<lGaRs&ybJ¦asm|tþi eTIb:n

sMercbdismÖiTa 4 minEmn:neRBaHehtudéTeLIy.

Ékiriyaev[r

karCRmHnUvsg,iels KWTidið

nig CaRBHskiTaKamI RTg´Rbkas edaysIldUcKñaEdr .

ehtu

énPav;CaRBHGnaKamI RTg´RbkasehIy edaysmaZi . ehtuén

nUvpøÚvGmxag eBalKWkarBüayam CaeRK]gRbkber]y> kñúgehtu

PaBCaRBHGrhnþ RTg´RbkasehIy edaybJ¦a .

RbkbedayTICaTICab´enAénstV KWesckþIsuxkñúgkam RTg´Rbkas

esatabnñbuK<l

edaysIl .

bMeBjkñúgsIlTaMgLay³. RBHskiTaKamI k*dUcKñaEdr . cMENk

karev[rnUvpøÚvGmxag eBalKWkarBüayam CaeRK]g

RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´za

Rbkber]y> kñúgkarjúaMgxøÜnolM:k RTg´RbkasedaysmaZi .

RBHGnaKamI RTg´Rtas´za

kiriyaesBnUvesckþIRbtibtþiCakNþal RTg´Rbkas edaybJ¦a .

RbRktI³ .

ó:yénkarRbRBwtþiknøgnUvG:y k*RTg´Rbkas edaysIl dUc

kñúgbJ¦a³ .

eRBaHza RBH

²CaGñkmanRbRktI

²CaGñkmankiriyabMeBj kñúgsmaZi Ca

EtRBHGrhnþ RTg´Rtas´za ²CaGñkmankiriyabMeBj

KñaEdr . ó:yénkarRbRBwtþiknøgnUvkamZatu RTg´Rbkas eday

RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´RbkasKuNTaMgLay 9 RbkarenH KW

smaZi . ó:yénkarRbRBwtþiknøgnUvPBTaMgBYg RTg´Rbkaseday

éRtsik¡a 1ç sasna manlMG 3 y¨ag 1ç óbnisS&y énKuN

bJ¦a .

viess manPaBCaGñk:nviC¢a 3 CaedIm 1ç

mYyeT[t karlHbg´kiels edayGMNactTg<b|han

karlHbg´RbCMuBIrén

RTg´RbkasehIy edaysIl . karlHbg´kiels edayGMNac

pøÚvGmxag nig karesBesckþIRbtibtþiCakNþal 1ç ó:yCa

énvik¡mÖnb|han RTg´Rbkas edaysmaZi .

ehtuRbRBwtþiknøgnUvKti manG:yCaedIm 1ç

karlHbg´kiels

karlHbg´kiels

edayGMNacsmuecäTb|han RTg´Rbkas edaybJ¦a . Zm(Edl

edayGakar; 3 y¨ag 1ç

CaswksRtUvdl´karRbRBwtþiknøg énkielsTaMgLay RTg´Rbkas

knøgCaedIm 1ç karCRmHnUvsg,iels 3 y¨ag 1ç ehtuénPaB

ehIy edaysIldUcKña .

rbs´buK<l manesatabnñbuK<lCaedIm 1 nig RTg´RbkasRbCMu 3

Zm(EdlCasRtUvdl´kiriyataMgeLIg

edayCMuvij ‘karrYbrMucitþ’ énkielsTaMgLay RTg´Rbkas eday

énKuNEbbenHdéTeT[t

smaZi . Zm(EdlCasRtUvdl´kiriyaedkRtaMenAer]y>énkiels

edayRbkardUecñHÉg .

TaMgLay RBHGg<RTg´Rbkas edaybJ¦a .

cMENkÉkarCRmHnUv

sg,ielsKWTuc©rit RTg´RbkasedaysIl . karCRmHnUvsg,iels

Zm(CasRtUvdl´eTas mankarRbRBwtþi

edayZm(eTsna

manRbmaNb¨ueNÑH

‘sIlnieTÞs’ ‘6’

k*visuTÆimK<enH sUm|IRBHmanRBHPaK RTg´sEmþgehIy


visuTÆimK< ERb

13

edayZm(CaRbZan KWsIl smaZi nig bJ¦a Edlse®g<aHeday KuNCaGenky¨agenHehIyk*eday k*Caó:yKWRBHGg<RTg´sEmþg ehIy edayseg¡béRkeBk eRBaHehtuenaH visuTÆimK<enH eTIbmin lμmRKb´RKan´ edIm|ICaóbkar; dl´kulbuRtTaMgLay eRBaHehtu dUecñaH

edIm|InwgsEmþgnUvesckþIBisþar

énvisuTÆimK<enaH

eTIbman

bJØakmμenH R:rBÆnUvsIlCamun KW ;

GVICalk¡N;ç Carsç CaesckþIR:kd nig GVICaehtu CaTItaMg énsIlenaH/ç

ectsiksIl .

man:Nati:tCaedIm

eQμaHza

mYyvijeT[t ectna RbRBwtþeTA kñúgkmμbz 7

rbs´buK<lGñklHbg´Gkuslkmμ man:Nati:tCaedIm eQμaH za ectnasIl .

Zm( KWGnPiCÄaç GBüa:T nig smμaTidði

ectsiksIl . ‘sMvr; 5 y¨ag’

sMvr; 5 Rbkar KW :tiemak¡sMvr; 1 stisMvr; 1 jaNsMvr; 1

sIlenaH manb¨unμany¨ag/ç GVICaesckþIesAhμg nig esckþIpUrpg´énsIlenaH/ . enHCaesckþIedaHRsay kúñgbJØakmμenaH . bJØakmμza ²GVIeQμaHzasIl/³ ‘eqøIyza’ Zm(TaMgLay man ectnaCaedIm rbs´buK<lEdlev[rcak:bkmμ man:Nati:t Ca BaküenH

smdUcRBHsarIbutþetær eBalkñúgKm¬Ir eQμaHbdismÖiTaza ²sYrza; ectsik

eQμaHza sIlç esckþIs®gYm eQμaHza sIlç karminRbRBwtþiknøg eQμaHza sIs³ .

GñkEdlev[rcakGkuslkmμ

kñúgBaküza ²sMvr; eQμaHza sIl³ enH bNÐit Kb|IRCab

sIl manGanisgSdUcemþc/ç

eqøIyza; ectna eQμaHza sIlç

RbtibtþikþI eQμaHza ectnasIl . ectna Caehtuev[rrbs´buK<l

lHbg´nUvGPiCÄa mancitþR:scakGPiCÄa enA³ dUecñH eQμaHza

sIl edayesckþIzadUcemþc/ç

GVIeQμaHza sIl/ .

sIlnieTÞs

EdlRBHd*manRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ edayn&ymanCaGaTi¾ za ²Pik¡ú

GVIeQμaHza sIl/ç

edImkþI rbs´GñkbMeBjvtþRbtibtþikIþ eQμaHza sIl .

14

kñúgsIlTaMgenaH ectna rbs´buK<lGñkev[r

cakGkuslkmμman:Nati:tCaedImkþI rbs´buK<lGñkbMeBjvtþ

xniþsMvr; 1 vIriysMvr; 1 .

bNþasMvr;TaMg 5 enaH sMvr;enHza

²Pik¡úCaGñkcUldl´ehIyCaGñkRbkbRBmehIyeday:timak¡sMvr; enH³ eQμaHza :tiemak¡sMvr; .

sMvr;enHza ²Pik¡ú rkSack¡ú®nÞIy¾

dl´nUvkarsRgYm kñúgck¡ú®nÞIy¾ ³ eQμaHza stisMvr; .

sMvr;enH

‘edayBakü’ za ;

RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´tbza; mñalGCit;! RkEs én‘tNØa’TaMgLayNa mankúñgelakç stiCaeRK]g Xat´nUvRkEsTaMgLayenaHç tzaKt ehAsti za Ca eRK]gbiT:MgnUvRkEsTaMgLayç

EtRkERsTaMgenaH

GñkRbtibtþi RtUvbiTedaybJ¦a dUecñH


visuTÆimK< ERb

15

16

sIlnieTÞs

eQμaHza jaNsMvr; . sUm|IkaresBnUvbc©&y rEmgdl´nUvkar

R:C\ EdldwgnUvlk¡N;éns&BÞ yl´RBmtamGtæTaMg 2 y¨agenH

RbCMucuH

b¨ueNÑaH kñúgbTza ²sIl³ enH .

kñúgjaNsMvr;enHEdr

.

cMENksMvr;

Edlmkeday

cMENkBYkGñkR:C\déTeT[t

n&yza ²Pik¡ú CaGñkGt´RTaMcMeBaHRtCak´ekþA³ dUecñHCaedImenH eQμaH

BN(naesckþI kñúgbTza sIl enH edayn&yza ²sIlsBÞenH

za xniþsMvr; .

ÉsMvr;Edlmk edayn&yza ²Pik¡ú EtgGt´sg,t´

manesckþIza sir; ‘x¬g´x¬s´’ç manesckþIza sIs; ‘kMBUl’ç man

nUvkamvitk,; EdlekIteLIgehIy³ dUecñHCaedImenH eQμaHza vIriy

esckþIza sItl; ‘RtCak´’ç manesckþIza siv; ‘ekSmkSanþ’³

sMvr; . sUm|IGaCIv:risuTÆisIl rEmgdl´nUvkarRbCMucuH kñúgvIriy sMvr;enHEdr .

sMvr; 5 RbkarenHkþI karev[rcakvtæúEdldl´RBm

rbs´BYkkulbuRt EdlP&yxøac:bkþIç kiriyasRgYm nig karev[r TaMgGs´enaH bNÐit Kb|IRCabza sMvrsIl y¨agdUecñH . Baküza ²karminRbRBwtþiknøg eQμaHza sIl³ :ndl´ karminRbRBwtþiknøg EdlRbRBwtþeTA xagpøÚvkay nig pøÚvcitþ rbs´buK<lGñkEdl:n smanTansIlehIy . enH KWCaesckþIedaHRsay nUvbJØakmμ za ²GVIeQμaHza sIl³ Camunsin . ‘7’ karedaHRsaykúñgbTd*essTaMgLay. Baküza ²Edl

sIl eRBaHGtæza CasIln; KWRbRktI .

‘lk¡N;ç rsç bc©úb|dðanç bTdðan énsIl’ ‘8’

«LÚvenH nwgedaHRsay kñúgbJØakmμza ²GVICalk¡N;ç

Carsç Cabc©úb|dðan nig CabTdðan énsIlenaH³ . sIln;‘PaBCaRbRktI’ Calk¡N; rbs´sIlenaH sUm|IepSgKña edayRbkard*eRcIn eRb[bdUcCarbs´ manvis&yEdlRbRBwtþeTA kúñgkiriyaeXIjc|as´ Ca lk¡N; rbs´rUb EdlmanRbkarepSgKña d*eRcIn

‘GtæénsIl’

eQμaHza sIl eRBaHGtæzadUcemþc/³ .

dUecñHCaedImxøH k*man .

‘eqøIyza’ EdleQμaHza

k*y¨agdUecñaHÉg . EmnBit

Pav;énkic©RbRBwtþeTA

kúñgkareXIj

eQμaHza

Ca

eQμaHza sIln; enH

lk¡N; rbs´rU:ytn; sUm|IepSgKñaedayRbkard*eRcInEdlman

KWCaGVI/ . EdleQμaHza sIln; enH KWkartm,l´enAs)b´ man

BN(ex[v nig BN(el]gCaedIm eRBaHrU:ytn;sUm|IEdlepSgKña

esctþIza PaBénkmμTaMgLay mankaykmμCaedIm CaZmμCatmin

eRcInRbkar edayRbePTénBN( manBN(ex[vCaedIm k*minRbRBwtþ

rat´ray edayGMNacPav; énbuK<lCaGñkmansIllÁ RbéB 1 .

knøgnUvPaBCarbs´manvis&y

KWkarcUleTARTRTg´Tuk GZib|ayza; Pav;énkarRTRTg´Tuk eday

y¨agNamijç sIlnsBÞ Edl:neBalehIy edayGMNacén

GMNacénkarRTRTg´ nUvkuslZm(TaMgLay 1 . EmnBit BYkGñk

kartm,l´enAs)b´ énkmμTaMgLay mankaykmμCaedIm nig eday

EdlKb|IemIleXIjeTA:nEdr


visuTÆimK< ERb

17

GMNacénkartm,l´TuknUvkuslZm(TaMgLayenaHÉg rbs´sIl

sUm|IepSgKñaeRcInCaGenk

ectnaCaedIm EtmYy

eRBaHPav;énsIl

Calk¡N;

edayRbePTénZm(

man

sUm|IepSgKñaedayRbkarminEmn

edayRbePTénZm(manectnaCaedIm

minknøgputnUvPav;

CaTItm,l´enAs)b´ nig Pav;CaTItm,l´Tuk:nEdr k*y¨agdUecñaH .

Pav;énkarkMcat´bg´ nUvPaBénbuK<lRTusþ

sIl ß KuN KWkmμEdlminmaneTas elakehAza eQμaHza Cars edayGtæza Cakic© nig Casm|tþi rbs´sIlenaH Edlmanlk¡N;dUceBalmkehIy eRBaHehtuenaH

eQμaHza

sIlenH

bNÐit Kb|IRCab za

²mankiriyakMcat´bg´ nUvPaBénbuK<lRTusþsIl Cars edayrs Edlmankic©CaGtæ

mankmμEdlminmaneTas

Edlmansm|tþiCaGtæ³ .

Cars

edayrs

EmnBit kic©n@uHÉgkþI sm|tþikIþ elak

ehAza rs kúñgCMnMubJØaTaMg 4 manlk¡N;CaedIm . ‘bc©úb|dðan nig bTdðan’

sIlenHenaH BYkviJ¦ÚCnBN(naza ²manesckþIsÁat Cabc©úb|dðan ‘Capl’ Otþb|; nig hirin@uHÉg Ca bTdðan ‘CaehtuCaTItaMg’ énsIlenaH . EmnBit sIlenHenaH

sIlnieTÞs

RBHmanRBHPaKRtas´ y¨agenHza

²sIl

manesckþIsÁatxagpøÚv

kayç sÁatxagpøÚvvacaç sÁatxagpøÚvcitþ ‘1’ ³ dUecñH rEmgR:kd KÅ rEmgdl´nUvPaB énkarRbkan´ykedayPaBCaZmμCatsÁat . cMENkhiri nig Otþb|; GñkR:C\BN(naza CabTdðanénsIl enaH .

GZib|ayza; Caehtud*Cit .

eRBaHza kalebImanhiri

nig Otþb|;ç sIl rEmgekIteLIgpg rEmgfitenApg .

‘rsrbs´sIl’ cMENk

18

manesckþIsÁat Cabc©úb|dðan Edl

kalebI

hiri nig Otþb|; minmaneTç sIl k*minekIteLIg minfitenA:n eLIy .

lk¡N;ç rsç bc©úb|dðan nig bTdðan rbs´sIl

bNÐit Kb|IRCab y¨agenHÉg . ‘GanisgSénsIl’ ‘9’ Baküza ²sIl manGanisgSy¨agdUcemþc/³ eqøIyza mankiriya:nnUvKuNCaGenk mankarminekþARkhaysþayeRkay CaedIm CaGanisgS . smdUcCaRBHPKv&tRtas´za ²mñalGannÞ ! k*sIlTaMgLay Cakusl mankarminekþARkhayCapl mankar minsþayeRkay CaGanisgS ‘2’³ dUecñHç

enAmanBaküdéTeT[t

EdlRBHGg<RTg´Rtas´za ²mñalKhbtITaMgLay GanisgS rbs´ GñkmansIl dl´RBmedaysIl 5 y¨agenH . y¨ag etIdUcemþcxøH/ . CaGñkmansIl

GanisgS 5

mñalKhbtITaMgLay buK<lkñúgelakenH

bribUN(edaysIl

manesckþIminRbmaTCaehtuç

Etg:nnUvKMnrénePaK;d*ZM

enHCaGanisgS TI1 rbs´buK<lGñk

mansIl bribUN(edaysIl . 1- suÇ GMÇ PaKTI 41 TMB&rTI 422 . 2- suÇ GMÇ PaKTI 51 TMB&r 223 .


visuTÆimK< ERb mñalKhbtITaMgLay d*lÁ

rbs´GñkmansIl

19

BaküdéTenAmanteTAeT[t bribUN(edaysIl

kitþis&BÞ

rEmgx©rx©ayeTAç

enH KÅCaGanisgS TI 2 rbs´GñkmansIl bribUN(edaysIl . mñalKhbtITaMgLay BaküdéT enAmanteTAeT[t buK<lGñk mansIl bribUN(edaysIl

rEmgcUleTArkbris&TNa

eTaHCa

xtþiybris&TkþI RBahμNbris&TkþI KhbtIbris&TkþI smNbris&T kþI CaGñkekø[vkøa CaGñkmanmuxminsMyugcuH ‘minxμas’ç GanisgS TI 3

enH KÅCa

rbs´GñkmansIl bribUN(edaysIl .

mñalKhbtITaMgLay

BaküdéT enAmaneT[t

buK<lGñk

mansIl bribUN(edaysIl CaGñkminvegVgeZVImrNkalç enHKW CaGanisgS TI 4

rbs´GñkmansIl

mñalKhbtITaMgLay mansIl

bribUN(edaysIl

bribUN(edaysIl .

BaküdéT enAmaneT[t luHTMlaykay

buK<lGñk

bnÞab´GMBIesckþI

søab´eTA rEmgcUleTAekIt kñúgsuKtiç sY(Kç eTvelakç enH KWCa GanisgS TI 5

rbs´GñkmansIl

bribUN(edaysIl ‘1’ .

GanisgSsIlmaneRcInCaGenk manPaBCaTIRsLaj´ CaTI eBjcitþCaedIm mankarGs´eTAénGasv;CaTIbMput RBHPKv&t RTg´ Rtas´edayn&yCaedImza ²mñalPik¡úTaMgLay RbsinebIPik¡ú déT

20

sIlnieTÞs

nig GanisgSeRcInCaGenk manesckþIminekþARkhaysþayeRkay CaedIm y¨agenHÉg . n&ymYyeT[t za ;

TIBwg‘déT’ rbs´BYkkulbuRt kñúgsasnaenH ev[r caksIlNaehIy minmaneTç GñkNa Kb|IeBal nUvkarkMNt´nUvGanisgS énsIlenaH:n . TwkKW sIl rEmgCRmH nUvmnÞilNa rbs´BYkstVman CIvit kñúgelakenH:nç sÞwgeQμaHKg<akþIç ymuna kþIç srPUkþIç srsStIkþIç GcirvtIkþIç mhIkþIç mhanTI kþI

k*minGacedIm|InwgCRmHnUvmnÞil

enaH:neLIyç

sIlenH

rbs´BYkstV

EdlbuK<lrkSa:nlÁ

ehIy CaGriysIl manesckþIRtCak´RtCMéRkeBk rEmgrmáab´nUvesckþIRkvl´RkvayNa rbs´stVTaMg LaykñúgelakenH:nç xül´TaMgLayRbkbeday ePø{g

k*rmáab´nUvesckþIRkvl´RkvalenaH

min:n

eLIyç sUm|IxøwmcnÞn¾Rkhm Ekvmukþa EkvmNI BnøW RBHc&nÞd*RsTn´ min:nEdr .

k*rmáab´esckþIRkvl´RkvayenaH køinÉNa pSayeTA kñúgTIbeNþay

eT[t Kb|IR:zñaza; GatμaGj Kb|ICaTIRsLaj´ CaTIKab´citþ CaTI

xül´ nigkñúgTIRcasxül´esμIKñaç køinenaH esμIeday

eKarB nig CaTIKYrosresIr rbs´BYksRBhμcarI

Pik¡úenaH Kb|I

køinKWsIl nwgmaneQμaHmkGMBITINa:n . TIBwg

kñúgsIlTaMgLaycuH ‘2’ ³ .

sIlmanKuN

déT CaCeNþIreLIgeTAkan´fansYK( ßk* CaTVar kñúg

CaGñkeZVIobribUN( -

1- suÇ TIÇ PaK 16 TMB&r 185 . 2- suÇ mÇ mUÇ PaK 20 TMB&r 106 .

kiriyacUleTAkan´nKr KWRBHniBVan EdlesμIeday


visuTÆimK< ERb

21

sIlnieTÞs

énsbriynþsIl nig GbriynþsIl nig edayGMNacelakiy-

sIl nwgmanmkGMBINa . BYkPik¡úEdlman«®nÞIy¾

sIl nig elakutþrsIl k*dUecñaHEdr .

s®gYmehIy sÁitsÁagehIy edayeRK]gsÁitsÁag

sIl man 3 y¨ag edayGMNachInsIlç mCÄimsIl nig

KWsIl rEmglÁ:n y¨agNaç RBHraCaTaMgLay

bNItsIl .

EdlsÁitsÁagehIy edayEkvmukþa nig EkvmNI

mYyeT[t

sIl man 3 y¨ag

edayGMNacén

GtþaZibetyüsIl elakaZibetyüsIl nig ZmμaZibetyüsIl

k*enAEtminlÁ:n y¨agenaH . sIl rbs´Gñkman

edayGMNacénbramdðsIl

sIlTaMgLay rEmgkMcat´bg´nUvP&y manP&yGMBI

GbramdðsIl

nig

bdibsSTÆisIl

edayGMNacénvisuTiÆsIl GvisuTÆisIl nig evmtiksIl eday

kartiHed[lxøÜnCaedIm:n edayRbkarTaMgBYg TaMg

GMNacénesxsIl

júaMgkitþis&BÞ nig esckþIrIkray oekIt:nsBV>

GesxsIl

nig

envesxanaesxsIl

k*dUcKñaEdr .

kal . kzamux EdlsEmþgnUvGanisgS énsIl

sIl man 4 y¨ag

EdlCab\sKl´énKuNTaMgLay mankiriyasmøab´

edayGMNacénhaPaKiysIl

fiti-

PaKiysIl viessPaKiysIl nig nieBVZPaKiysIlç eday

nUvkmøaMgéneTasTaMgLay bNÐit Kb|IRCab dUc

GMNacénPik¡úsIl Pik¡únIsIl Gnub|sm|nñsIl nig KhdðsIlç

Edl:ner[brab´mkenHÉg .

edayGMNacbktisIl GacarsIl ZmμtasIl nig buBVehtuk-

‘sIlmanb¨unμany¨ag’ ‘10’

22

sIl

«LÚvenH CaBaküedaHRsay kñúgbJØakmμ Edlelak

eBalza ² k*sIlenaH manbu¨nμany¨ag/ ³ .

nig

edayGMNacén:tiemak¡sMvrsIl

GaCIv:risuTÆisIl nig bc©ysnñisSitsIl k*y¨agenaHEdr . sIl man 5 y¨ag

sIlTaMgGs´enHÉg manRbkar 1 edaylk¡N; CaRbRktI

«®nÞiysMvrsIl

briynþ:risuTÆisIlCaedIm .

edayGMNacén:risuTÆisIl man dUcBaküEdlRBHsarIbutþetær eBal

rbs´xøÜnmunsinç sIl man 2 y¨ag edayGMNacéncaritþsIl

kñúgKm¬IrbdismÖiTaza ²sIl man 5 y¨ag KWbriynþ:risuTÆisIl

nig varitþsIlç sIl man 2 y¨ag edayGMNacénGPismacarik-

Gbriynþ:risuTÆisIl

sIl nig GaTiRBhμcriysIl edayGMNacénvirtisIl nig Gvi-

bdibsSTÆi:risuTÆisIl ‘1’ ³ .

rtisIl

GMNacénbhansIlç evrmNIsIlç ectnasIlç sMvrsIl nig

edayGMNacnisSitsIl

nig

GnisSitsIl

eday

GMNacénkalbriynþsIl nig Ga:NekadiksIl edayGMNac

1- suÇ

xuÇ

bribuNÑ:riynþsIl Gbramdð:risuTÆisIl mYyeT[t man 5 y¨ag eday

bdiÇ PaKTI 69 TMB&rTI 96 .


visuTÆimK< ERb GvItik,msIl .

23

bNþasIlTaMgenaH kñúgcMENksIl man 1

y¨ag bNÐitKb|IRCabesckþI tamn&yEdleBalehIyenaHcuH . ‘RkumsIl 2 TI 1’ ‘11’

bNÐit

man 2 Rbkar .

24

sIlnieTÞs

hñwgÉg eQμaHza karRbkbedayGPismacar .

sik¡abT EdlRBHPKv&tRTg´bJ¦tþ R:rBÆnUvGPismacar eQμaHza GPismacariksIl .

Kb|IRCabesckþIvinicä&y

mYyvijeT[t

Baküza

GPismacariksIlenH CaeQμaH

kñúgcMENkénsIl

énsIld*esseRkABIsIlmanGaCIv;CaKMrb´ 8 ‘1’ . sIl ÉNa

karbMeBjsik¡abTEdlRBHPKv&tRTg´bJ¦tþ za

EdlCaPav;xagedIm énmK<RBhμcriy; eRBaHehtuenaH sIlenaH

²kmμenH KWGñkRtUveZVI³ ÉNaç karbMeBj nUvsik¡abTenaH eQμaHza

eTIbeQμaHza GaTiRBhμcriyksIl .

caritþsIl .

sIlenH CaeQμaHénGaCIvmdðksIl .

karmineZVI nUvesckþIelμIssik¡abT EdlRBHGg<

Baküza GaTiRBhμcriykEmnBit GaCIvmdðksIl

RTg´hamXat´ehIyza ²kmμenH KWGñkminRtUveZVI³ ÉNaç karmineZVI

enaH eQμaHzaekItedayPaBCaxagedIménmK< eRBaHPav;énsIlenaH

esckþIelμIssik¡abT

CaKuNKWbuK<lRtUvCRmH

varitþsIl .

EdlRBHGg<RTg´hamXat´enaH

eQμaHza

enH KW CaesckþIGZib|ayénBakü kñúgcaritþsIl nig

varitþsIlenaH .

Ég .

osÁatbrisuTÆ

kñúgcMENkCaxagedImnu@H

ehtuenaH RBHPKv&tRtas´za ²k*kaykmμç vcIkmμç GaCIv;

buK<lTaMgLay EtgRbRBwtþkñúgsIlenaH KÅza

rbs´Pik¡úenaH rEmgbrisuTÆlÁ taMgBIedImmkem¨øH ‘2’ ³ . mYyeT[t

RbRBwtþedayPaBCaGñkeZVIoeBjeljbribUN( kñúgsIlTaMgLay

BYksik¡abTNa EdlRBHPKv&tRtas´za ²Casik¡abTtUc nig tUc

eRBaHehtuenaH

bnÞab´³

sIlenaH

eTIbeQμaHza

caritþsIl

.

buK<l

sik¡abTenH eQμaHza GPismacariksIl .

TaMgLayEtgXMuRKg KWrkSanUvsik¡abT EdlRBHPKv&t RTg´ham

d*ess eQμaHza GaTiRBhμcriyksIl .

Xat´ehIy edaysIlenaH

Edlrab´bJ©Úl

varitþsIl .

eRBaHehtuenaH sIlenaH eQμaHza

bNþacaritþsIl nig varitþsIl TaMg 2 y¨agenaH

caritþsIl seRmcGMBIsTÆa nig vIriy;ç varitþsIl sMercGMBIsTÆa ‘Etmü¨ag’ .

sIl man 2 y¨ag edayGMNacéncaritþsIl nig

varitþsIl y¨agenHÉg .

bNÐitKb|IRCabvinicä&y kñúgRkumsIl 2 TI 2 . GPismacar .

mYyvijeT[t sIl

kñúgóPetaviPg< CaGaTiRBhμcriyksIlç

Edl

rab´bJ©Úl kñúgxnÆkvtþ eQμaHza GPismacariksIl . GaTiRBhμcriyksIl seRmcRBm eRBaHkiriyadl´RBm én GPismacariksIlenaH .

eRBaHehtuenaH

RBHPKv&tRTg´Rtas´za

²mñalPik¡úTaMgLay zaebIPik¡úenaH min:nbMeBjZm( KWGPisma-

‘RkumsIl 2 TI 2’

esμId*x¬g´x¬s´ eQμaHza

sik¡abT

karRbRBwtþiesμI

cariksIlo:neBjbribUN(ehIy nwgbMeBjnUvZm( KWGaTiRBhμkarRbRBwtþi d*x¬g´x¬s´

1- sIlmanGaCIv;CaKMrb´ 8 :ndl´kuslkmμbz 7 EdlCakaykmμ 3

vcIkmμ 4 nig GaCIv:risuTÆi 1 . 2- mÇ óÇ PaKTI 28 TMB&r 340 .


visuTÆimK< ERb

25

26

criyksIl dUecñHç karRbRBwtþienH CaehtuCaTItaMgminman ‘1’ ³ . sIl man 2 y¨ag

edayGMNac

énGPismacariksIl nig

GaTiRBhμcriyksIl dUecñHÉg .

bNÐit Kb|IRCabvinicä&y kñúgTuk; TI5 .

karkMNt´kalsmaTan eQμaHza kalbriynþsIlç sIlEdl

CIvit dUecñaHEdr eQμaHza Ga:NekadiksIl .

bNÐit Kb|IRCabesckþIvinicä&y kñúgTuk; TI3 .

sIl Edl

man:Nati:tCaedIm

eQμaHza

Rbkar

edayGMNackalbriynþsIl

bNÐit Kb|IRCabvinicä&y kñúgTuk; TII6 .

sIlEdlmankar

yl´eXIj edayGMNacénlaPç ysç jatiç Gvyv; nig CIvit

bNÐit Kb|IRCabesckþIvinicä&y kñúgTuk; TI 4 .

kñúgBaküza

CaTIbMput

eQμaHza

sbriynþsIlç

²nisS&y³ :ndl´ nisS&y man 2 y¨ag KW; tNØanisS&y 1

eQμaHza GbriynþsIl .

TidðinisS&y 1 .

kñúgbdism¬iTa

bNþanisS&yTaMg 2 enaH sIlNa EdlbuK<l

R:zña nUvsm|tþi kúñgPB y¨agenH za

Ga:NekadiksIl

‘RkumsIl 2 TI 6’

sIl man2 y¨ag edayGMNacvirtisIl nig GvirtisIl dUecñH . ‘RkumsIl 2 TI 4’

nig

sIl man 2

y¨agdUecñHÉg .

virtisIl . sIld*essmanectnaCaedIm eQμaHza GvirtisIl .

ß CaeTvtaNamYy

sIlEdlbuK<leZVI

buK<lsmaTan drabdl´Gs´CIvit ehIyRbRBwtþeTA drabdl´Gs´

‘RkumsIl 2 TI 3’

seRmcGMBIkarev[rcakeTas

sIlnieTÞs

²GatμaGj nwg:nCaeTvta

edaysIlenH³ dUecñH RbRBwtþeTAç

sIlenH

za; ²‘sYrza’

sIl

EdlpÞúyKñaGMBIenH

smdUcBaküEdlRBHsarIbuRt eBal sIl manTIbMputenaH

etIdUcemþc/ç

‘eqøIyza’ sIl manlaPCaTIbMput k*manç sIlmanysCaTIbMput k*manç sIlmanjatiCaTIbMput k*manç

sIlmanGvyv;CaTIbMput

eQμaHzaGaRs&yedaytNØa . sIlNa EdlbuK<loRbRBwtþeTA

k*manç sIlmanCIvitCaTIbMput k*manç ‘sYrza’ sIl manlaPCa

edaykaryl´eXIjzasÁatza ²GatμaGj CaGñksÁatedaysIl³

TIbMput etIdUcemþc/ç

dUecñHç sIlenH eQμaHza GaRs&yedayTidði .

knøgsik¡abT

Caelakutþr;pg

Caelakiy;

cMENksIlNa

EtCaeRK]gTMnukbMrugelakutþrsIl

‘eqøIyza’ buK<lBYkxøH kñúgelakenH RbRBwtþ

tamEdlxøÜnsmaTanehIyy¨agNa

ehtu eRBaHlaPCabc©&y eRBaHlaPCaedImehtuç sIl enHenaH

enaHpgç sIlenH eQμaHza GnisSitsIl . sIl 2 y¨ag KW

eQμaHza laPbriynþsIl ‘1’ .

nisSitsIl nig GnisSitsIl y¨agdUecñHÉg .

‘sEmþg’ oBisþar edayó:yenHÉg .

‘RkumsIl 2 TI 5’ 1– suÇ

GMÇ

PaKTI 44 TMB&rTI 28 .

eRBaHlaPCa

GbriynþsIl 1–

suÇ

xuÇ

sIleRkAGMBIenH bNÐit Kb|I sUm|IkñúgkarvisC¢na

k*elakeBalza ²‘sYrza’ sIlEdlminmanlaP PaKTI 69 TMB&rTI 97 .


visuTÆimK< ERb CaTIbMputenaH etIdUcemþc/ç

27

‘eqøIyza’ buK<lBYkxøH kñúgelakenH

minjúaMgsUm|IkarKitoekIteLIg

kñúgkarRbRBwtþiknøg

nUvsik¡abT

28

sIlnieTÞs

RbRBwtþeTA edIm|IRbeyaCn¾ dl´niBViTaç

niBViTa RbRBwtþeTA edIm|I

RbeyaCn¾dl´viraK;ç viraK; RbRBwtþeTA

edIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´vimutþiç

tamEdlxøÜn:nsmaTanehIyy¨agNa eRBaHehtuénlaP eRBaH

vimutþi RbRBwtþeTAedIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´vimutþiJ¦aNTsSn;ç vimutþiJ¦aN

bc©&yénlaP

TsSsn;

eRBaHdMeNIrénlaPç

buK<lenaH

nwgRbRBwtþknøg

RbRBwtþeTA

‘edaykayç vaca’ dUcemþcekItç sIlenHenaH eQμaHza minEmn

CitRbkan´minmanç

manlaPCaTIbMputeLIy ‘1’ ³.

RbeyaCn¾ç

ÉsIleRkAGMBIenH bNÐit Kb|I

edIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´RBHniBVan

kiriyaeBal

‘nUvvin&y’

CaTIcUleTA

mankarrYbrYmenH Ca

karRbwkSa ‘nUvvin&y’ manvin&yenHCaRbeyaCn¾ç

kar

‘sEmþg’oBisþar edayó:yenHÉg . sIlman 2 y¨ag eday

cUleTAGg<úyCit manvin&yenHCaRbeyaCn¾ç karepÁ{gRtec[ksþab´

GMNacénsbriynþsIl nig GbriynþsIl y¨agdUecñHÉg .

manvin&yenHCaRbeyaCn¾ç

‘RkumsIl 2 TI 7’ bNÐit Kb|IRCabvinicä&y kñúgTuk; TI 7 .

manvin&yenHCaRbeyaCn¾³ . sIl EdlRbkb

edayGasv;RKb´y¨ag eQμaHza elakiysIl .

sIl Edlmin

manGasv; eQμaHza elakutþrsIl . bNþasIlTaMg 2 y¨ag

rlas´xøÜnecjcakPBpg

smdUcCaRBHPKv&tRtas´

za ²vin&y RbRBwtþeTA edIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´sMvr;ç sMvr; RbRBwtþeTA

RbRBwtþeTAedIm|IRbeyaCn¾

CaPUmiénbc©evk¡NJ¦aNpg y¨agenH

nig elakutþrsIl edayRbkardUecñH . ‘RkumsIl 3 TI 1’ ‘12’ kñúgtik;TaMgLay bNÐitKb|IRCabvinicä&y kñúgtik; TI1 dUcteTA .

sIlEdlbuK<loRbRBwtþeTA edayqnÞ; d*ezakTabkþI

esckþImin

edaycitþ edayvIriy; edayvimMsad*ezakTabkþI eQμaHza hIn-

dl´:emaC¢;

sIlç sIl EdlbuK<loRbRBwtþeTA edayKuNTaMgLay man

edIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´esckþIminekþARkhaysþayeRkayç ekþARkhaysþayeRkay

elakutþrsIl CaehtunaMmknUvkar

Ég . bNÐitKb|IRCabsIl 2 y¨ag edayGMNacelakiysIl

enaH elakiysIl CasIlnaMKuNviesskñúgPBpg CaeRK]gKaM RTnUvkarrlas´xøÜnecjcakPBpg .

karrYcRsLHéncitþ eRBaHminRbkan´maM

:emaC¢; RbRBwtþeTARBm edIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´bItiç bIti RbRBwtþeTA

qnÞ;CaedIm CakNþal eQμaHza mCÄimsIlç

edIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´bsSTÆiç bsSTÆi RbRBwtþeTA edIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´

oRbRBwtþeTA edayqnÞ;d*ézøzøa eQμaHza bNItsIlç

sux;ç sux;RbRBwtþeTAedIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´smaZiç smaZiRbRBwtþeTA

sIlEdlbuK<lsmaTan edayPaBénxøÜnCaGñkR:zñays eQμaH

edIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´yzaPUtJ¦aNTsSn;ç yzaPUtJ¦aNTsSn;

za hInsIl .

1–

suÇ xuÇ

PaKTI 69 TMB&rTI 99 .

sIl EdlbuK<l mYyeT[t

sIl EdlbuK<lsmaTan eRBaHPaBénxøÜnCaGñk

R:zñapl énbuNü eQμaHza mCÄimsIl .

sIl

EdlbuK<l


visuTÆimK< ERb

29

30

sIlnieTÞs

smaTan eRBaHGaRs&ynUvPaBCaRBHGriy; edayKitza ²sIlenH

za ZmμaZibetyüsIl . sIlman 3 y¨ag edayGMNacénsIl

GatμaGjRtUvEteZVIBit³

manGtþaZibetyüsIlCaedIm y¨agenHÉg .

eQμaHza

bNItsIlç

mYyeT[t

sIl

‘RkumsIl 3 TI 3’

EdleTasTaMgLay mankarelIktem,IgxøÜnbnþúHbgÁab´GñkdéT cUl eTAesAhμgehIy sIlç

y¨agenHza

ÉBYkPik¡údéT

²GatμaGj

CaGñkRTusþsIl

CaGñkbribUN(

eday

manZm(d*lamk³

dUecñH

bNÐit Kb|IRCabvinicä&ykúñgtik; TI3 . sIlNa Edlelak eBalehIyza ²nisSitsIl³ kñúgBYkTII 2ç

sIlenaH

eQμaHza

elakiysIl EdleTasmincUleTAesAhμg

bramdðsIl eRBaHsIlenaH RtUvtNØa nig Tidði Bal´RtUvehIy .

ehIy eQμaHza mCÄimsIlç elakutþrsIl eQμaHzabNItsIl.

sIl EdlCaeRK]gKaMBarmK< énklüaNbuzuC¢n nig EdlRbkb

mYyvijeT[t sIl EdlbuK<loRbRBwtþeTAehIy edIm|IRbeyaCn¾

RBmedaymK<

dl´PB nig ePaK; edayGMNactNØa eQμaHza hInsIlç sIl

‘sIl EdltNØa nig Tidði Bal´RtUvmin:n’ç

EdlbuK<loRbRBwtþeTAehIy edIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´karjúaMgxøÜn o

RbkbRBmedaypl énRBHesxbuK<l nig RBHGesxbuK<lTaMg

rYccakTuk¡

Lay eQμaHza bdib|sSTÆisIl .

eQμaHza hInsIlç

eQμaHza

mCÄimsIlç

sIl

KWPav;én:rmIEdlRBH

eBaZistV oRbRBwtþeTA edIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´karjúaMgsBVstV orYc cakTuk¡ eQμaHza bNItsIl .

bNÐit Kb|IRCabsIl 3 y¨ag

edayGMNachInsIlç mCÄimsIl nig bNItsIl dUecñHÉg .

bNÐit Kb|IRCabvinicä&y kúñgtik; TI 2 .

sIl EdlbuK<l

mancitþZán´kñúgxøÜn R:zñacg´lHbg´nUvGMeBIminsmKYrdl´xøÜn RbRBwtþ eTA edayesckþIeKarB kñúgxøÜn eQμaHza GtþaZibetyüsIl . sIl EdlbuK<lmancitþZán´ kñúgelak cg´ec[svagBakütiHed[l RbRBwtþeTA

edayesckþIeKarB

kñúgelak

eQμaHza

elakaZibetyüsIlç sIl EdlbuK<lmancitþZán´kúñgZm( cg´bUCa nUvPav;énZm(CaZM RbRBwtþeTA edayesckþIeKarB kúñgRBHZm( eQμaH

eQμaHza

GbramdðsIl

cMENksIlEdl

sIl man 3 y¨ag eday

GMNacénsIl manbramdðsIlCaedIm y¨agenHÉg . ‘RkumsIl 3 TI 4’ bNÐit Kb|IRCabvinicä&y kúñgtik; TI4 . sIlNa EdlPik¡ú bMeBjeZVIminoRtUvGabtþiesaH

‘RkumsIl 3 TI 2’

kñúgelak

énesxbuK<lTaMgLay

BMuenaHesatRtUvehIy

Et:nenA

brivaskmμ ß sEmþgGabtþiecjç sIlenaH eQμaHza visuTÆisIlç sIlEdlPik¡úRtUvGabtþiehIyEtminenAbrivaskmμ ß sEmþgo:n lÁeLIgvij eQμaHza GvisuTÆisIlç sIl rbs´Pik¡úGñkmanesckþI sgS&ykúñgvtæú ‘EdlCaTIekItGabtþi’ kþI kñúgGabtþikþI kñúgkarRbRBwtþi xus‘EdlKYroekItGabtþi’kþI eQμaHza evmtiksIl . bNþasIl TaMgenaH GvisuTiÆsIl RBHeyaKIRtUvCRmHosÁat kñúgevmtiksIl minRtUveZVIkarRbRBwtþixuskúñgvtæú RtUvbenÞabg´esckþIsgS&y oTal´


visuTÆimK< ERb

31

Et:n dUecñH esckþIsb|ay nwgmandl´RBHeyaKIenaH . Kb|I RCabsIl

3

y¨ag

edayGMNacénsIl

manvisuTiÆsIl

bNÐitKb|IRCabvinicä&y kúñgtik; TI5 .

sIlEdlsm|yutþ

edayGriymK< 4 nig samJ¦pl 3 eQμaHza esxsIlç

sIl

Edlsm|yutþ edayGrhtþpl eQμaHza GesxsIlç sIld* ess eQμaHza envesxanaesxsIl .

sIl man 3 y¨ag

manesxsIlCaedIm y¨agdUecñHÉg

.

cMENkkúñgKm¬IrbdismÖiTa RBHZmμesnabtIsarIbuRteBal za eBalza;

buK<lenH

manesckþIsux

CaRbRktIç

buK<lenH manTuk¡CaRbRktIç buK<lenH manCemøaHCaRbRktIç buK<l enH

mankarRbdab´tak´EtgCaRbRktI

dUecñH

eRBaHsMedAyknUv

RbRktINaç RbRktIenaH elakehAza ²sIl³ rbs´stVTaMgLay enaH> kúñgelak eRBaHehtuNaç y¨ag

KW kuslsIlç

briyayenaH³ dUecñaHç

eRBaHehtuenaH sIl eTIbman 3

GkuslsIlç

GBüaktsIl

eday

sIl man 3 y¨ag edayGMNacsIl

mankuslsIlCaedIm y¨agdUecñHÉg . bNþasIlTaMg 3 y¨ag enaH ehtu

GkuslsIl

minsmsUm|IedaycMENkmYy

manlk¡N;CaedIm

esckþIenH ehtuenaH

tamn&yEdlx\úMeBalmkehIyhñwgÉg . ‘RkumsIl 4 TI 1’ ‘13’ kñúgctuk,;TaMgLay Kb|IRCabvinicä&y kñúgctuk,; TI1

‘RkumsIl 3 TI 5’

²CnTaMgLay

sIlnieTÞs

nig

GvisuTiÆsIlCaedIm y¨agdUecñHÉg .

edayGMNacénsIl

32

kñúgcMeNam

énsIlEdlx\Mú:nb¨gykehIy

kñúg

eTIbmin:nnaMmkbJ©Úl kúñgnieTÞsenHeT .

eRBaHehtuenaH bNÐitKb|IRCabPav;énsIlenaHman 3 y¨ag

Pik¡úNa kñúgsasnaenH esBKb´BYkCnRTusþsIl

minesBKb´BYkCnGñkmansIl CaGñklág´exøA min

eXIjnUveTas kñúgkiriyaRbRBwtþiknøgcMeBaHvtæú eRcIn

edayesckþIRtiHriHxus minrkSanUv«®nÞIy¾TaMgLayç

sIl rbs´Pik¡úmansPaBEbbenHenaH cat´za Ca sIl RbRBwtþeTA kúñgcMENkénesckþIsabsUnü .

cMENk Pik¡úNa kñúgRBHsasnaenH CaGñkmancitþ eRtkGrrIkray

kñúgsIlsm|tþi

minjúaMgesckþI

R:zñakúñgcitþ oekIteLIg kñúgkarRbkber]y> kñúg kmμdðanç sIlenaH rbs´Pik¡úrUbenaH CaGñkeRtkGr RtwmEtsIl minRbwgERbgBüayamo:nx¬s´ teTA

eT[t CasIlRbRBwtþeTA kúñgcMENkénkartaMgenA . cMENk Pikú¡rUbNa bribUN(edaysIl RbwgERbg

Büayam edIm|IRbeyaCn¾ dl´smaZiç sIl rbs´ Pik¡úenaH CasIlRbRBwtþeTA kñúgcMENk énKuN

viess . Pik¡úrUbNa mineRtkGr edayehtuRtwm EtsIl EtgRbkber]y> nUvesckþIen]yNayç

sIl rbs´Pikú¡rUbenaH CasIlRbRBwtþeTAkñúgcMENk énkarRtas´dwg .


visuTÆimK< ERb sIl man 4 y¨ag

33

edayGMNacénsIl manhanPaKiy-

sIlCaedIm edayRbkardUecñHÉg .

34

sIlnieTÞs

eBlNaç kñúgeBlenaH citþ RbkbedaykamKuN kñúgBYkburs minekIteLIgdl´RBHmata énRBHeBaZistVeLIy ‘1’³ dUecñH ‘sIl

‘RkumsIl 4 TI 2’

enH’ eQμaHza ZmμtasIlç cMENkxagsIlrbs´stVEdlbrisuTÆ

Kb|IRCabvinicä&y kñúgctuk,; TI2 teTA . sik¡abTTaMgLay

TaMgLay manRBHmhaksSb;CaedIm nig rbs´RBHeBaZistV kñúg

EdlRBHPKv&t RTg´Rtas´bJ¦tþ R:rBÆPik¡úTaMgLay nig sik¡abT

CatiTaMgLayenaH> eQμaHza buBVehtuksIl . sIl man 4

EdlPik¡úTaMgenaH RtUvEtrkSa tamRBHbJ¦tþç sIlenH eQμaHza

y¨ag edayGMNacénsIl manRbRktisIlCaedIm y¨agdUecñH .

Pik¡úsIlç sik¡abTTaMgLay EdlRBHPKv&tRTg´Rtas´bJ¦tþR:rBÆ Pik¡únITaMgLay

nig

sik¡abTEdlPik¡únITaMgenaH

RtUvEtrkSatam

‘RkumsIl 4 TI 4’ Kb|IRCabvinicä&y kñúgctuk,; TI 4 dUcteTAenH .

RBHbJ¦tþç sIlenH eQμaHza Pik¡únIsIlç sIl 10 rbs´BYk sameNr nig sameNrI

eQμaHza Gnubsm|nñsIlç

sik¡abT

‘:tiemak¡sMvrsIl’ sIlÉNa EdlRBHPKv&tRTg´Rtas´ y¨agenHza ²Pik¡ú kúñg

TaMg 5 edayGMNacénnic©sIl rbs´BYkó:sk nig ó:sikaç

sasnaenH

ß ebImanesckþIósSah¾ ‘ó:sk nig ó:sikaRtUvEtrkSa’ sIl

bribUN(edayGacar; nig eKacr; enA

10ç sIl 8 edayGMNacénGg<rbs´óe:sz eRBaHehtuenaH

TaMgLay EdlmanRbmaNtictYc smaTan sikSa kúñgsik¡abT

sIlenH eQμaHza KhdðsIl .

TaMgLay ‘2’³ dUecñHç

sIl man 4 y¨ag eday

CaGñksRgYmedaykarsRgYm

GMNacénsIl manPik¡úsIlCaedIm y¨agenHÉg .

kúñg:tiemak¡

CaGñkeXIjP&y

CaGñk

kúñgeTas

sIlenH eQμaHza :tiemak¡sMvrsIl . ‘«®nÞiysMvrsIl’

‘RkumsIl 4 TI 3’

cMENkÉ sIlNa EdlRBHPKv&t RTg´Rtas´za ²Pik¡úenaH

Kb|IRCabvinicä&y kñúgctuk,; TI3 teTAenH .

karminRbRBwtþi

elμIs ‘sIl 5’ rbs´BYkmnusSGñkenA kñúgótþrkuruTVIb

eQμaHza

eXIjnUvrUb GnuBüJ¢n;ç

edayck¡ú

CaGñkminkan´yknUvnimitþ

minkan´yknUv

BYkZm(GaRkk´ CaGkusl KWGPiCÄa nig eTamnsS

RbRktisIlç maryaT nig b\kBaer[g>xøÜn rbs´RtkUlç RbeTs

Kb|ICab´tamnUvPik¡úenaH

nig lTÆiTaMgLay

sIl rbs´RBHmata

RbtibtþiedIm|IsRgYmnUvck¡ú®nÞIy¾enaH EtgrkSanUvck¡ú®nÞIy¾ dl´nUvkar

énRBHeBaZistV EdlRBHPKv&tRTg´Rtas´ y¨agenHza ²mñalGannÞ

sRgYmkúñgck¡ú®nÞIy¾ç Pik¡úenaH »sMeLg edayRtec[k .l. ZMukøin

enH CaZmμtaç

eQμaHza GacarsIlç

RBHeBaZistV

yagcuHkan´RBHK(P énRBHmata

kñúg

eRBaHehtuminsRgYm

nUvck¡ú®nÞIy¾Na

1– suÇ TIÇ mÇ PaK 16 TMB& 26 . 2- GPiÇ viÇ PaK 81 TMB&r 245 .


visuTÆimK< ERb

35

36

sIlnieTÞs

edayRcmuH .l. PøkSrs edayGNþat .l. Bal´RtUvepadðBV;

kulbuRtEdlbYsedaysTÆa manevaharKWxøÜn:nehIy y¨agdUecñH

edaykay

eRBaHPav;KWxøÜneXIjP&y kñúgsgSarpg eRBaHCaGñkRTRTg´nUvpÞaMg

.l.

dwgc|as´ZmμarmμN¾

edaycitþ

EtCaGñkmin

kan´yknUvnimitþ .l. rEmgdl´nUvkarsRgYmkñúgmni®nÞIy¾ ‘1’ ³

‘14’ kñúgbTza ²:tiemak¡sMvrsMvueta³ enH Kb|IRCabvinicä&y

dUecñHç sIlenH eQμaHza «®nÞiysMvrsIl . ‘GaCIv:risuTÆisIl’

dUcteTA .

cMENkkiriyaev[rÉNa cakmicäaCIv; EdlRbRBwtþeTA eday GMNacénkarRbRBwtþielμIs RTg´Rtas´bJ¦tþ

nUvsik¡abTTaMgLay

eRBaHehtuénGaCIv;

sMBt´EdlbuK<lkat´dac´ehIypg .

EdlRBHPKv&t

eRBaHdMeNIrénGaCIv;

nig

sIl EdlCasik¡abT eQμaHza :tiemak¡ . eRBaH

Pik¡úNa EzTaM KW rkSa nUv:tiemak¡sIlenaHç

júaMgPik¡úenaH orYcput KWza orYcredaHcakTuk¡TaMgLay manTuk¡ kúñgG:yCaedIm eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbRBHPKv&t RTg´Rtas´ehAza

edayGMNac én:bZm(TaMgLay manCaGaTi¾

y¨agenH

KW ²kar

²:tiemak¡³ .

kuhk

PaBCaGñkeRbIkl

karsRgYmenH

edayb\kç

ó:y

karlelag

edaykayxøH

sMrab´ekasyklaPç eTATak´laP³ dUecñHç

edayvacaç

edayvacaxøHç

PaBCaGñkeRbIsMdICaexñas

PaBénkarEsVgrklaP

edayyklaP

sIlenH eQμaHza GaCIv:risuTÆisIl .

kareRbIR:s´bc©&y 4

brisuTÆ edaykarBicarNa EdlRBH

karrvaMgRby&tñ eQμaHza karsRgYm . CaeQμaH

za :tiemak¡sMvr; . dl´ehIy

RbkbRBmehIy CaGñksRgYmehIy

enHCakzaeRK]gvinicä&y esckþIBN(na

RBmCamYynwg

tamlMdab´bT cab´taMgGMBIedImmk .

bTza ²«Z³ KW 1–

kñúgsIlTaMgenaH

kñúgsasnaenH .

suÇ mÇ mUÇ PaKTI 22 TMB&rTI 189 .

bTza ²Pik¡ú³ :ndl´

EdlRbRBwtþeTA

Pik¡ú sRgYmehIy

edayeRK]gsRgYm

KWcUl

KW:tiemak¡enaH

eday:tiemak¡sMvr;

.

bTza

²vihrti³ :ndl´júaMg«riyabz oRbRBwtþeTA . ‘Gacar; nig Gnacar;’ esckþIGZib|ay énbTTaMgLay manbTza ²GacareKacr-

sm|enña³ dUecñHCaedIm

sIlenH eQμaHza bc©ysnñisSitsIl .

Baküza

karsRgYm KW:tiemak¡hñwgÉg eQμaH

GZib|ayza;

PKv&tRTg´Rtas´ edayn&yCaedImza ²Pik¡ú BicarNa edayó:y ehIy eTIbeRbIR:s´nUvcIvr za RKan´EtedIm|IkarBarRtCak´³ dUecñHç

énkarminRbRBwtþielμIs

kúñgpøÚvkay nig pøÚvvaca .

eQμaHza

‘bc©ysnñisSitsIl’

:tiemak¡sIlenaH

kñúg:lIÉeNaH .

bNÐit Kb|IRCab tamn&yEdlmkehIy

EmnBit BaküenH RBHGdðkzacarü eBalza ;

Rtg´bTza ²GacareKacrsm|enña³ mannieTÞsza maryaT k*manç «tmaryaT k*man .

bNþaGacar;

enaH Gnacar; etIdUcemþc/ .

nig Gnacar; TaMg 2 y¨ag

karRbRBwtþiknøg

tampøÚvkay kar


visuTÆimK< ERb

37

38

sIlnieTÞs

RbRBwtþiknøg tampøÚvvaca karRbRBwtþiknøg tampøÚvkay nig kar

edayeZVICaeCIgsasn¾ ‘naMdMNwgoRKhsæ’xøH ßk* minciJ©wmCIvit

RbRBwtþiknøg tampøÚvvacaç karRbRBwtþiknøgenH RBHPKv&tRTg´Rtas´

edaykarciJ©wmCIvitxus ÉNamYy eRkAGMBIenH EdlRBHBuTÆ RTg´

ehAza Gnacar; .

tiHed[lç

PaBénPik¡úCaGñkRTusþsIlTaMgGs´ eQμaHza

karciJ©wmCIvitEbbenH ehAza Gacar; . ‘eKacr nig GeKacr’

Gnacar;ç Pik¡úBYkxøH kñúgsasnaenH ciJ©wmCIvitedaykarob\sSIxøH edaykarosøwkeQIxøH edaykarop,aeQIç EpøeQIç lMGitsMrab´

bTza ²eKacera³ KWeKacr man GeKacr manç bNþaeKacr

gUt nig eQIsÞn´xøH edayPaBCaGñkRbRBwtþbnÞabxøÜnxøH edayPaB

nig GeKacrTaMg 2 enaH GeKacr etIdUcemþc/ .

CaGñkeBal

dUcCasmø

sasnaenH CaGñkRtac´eTA kñúgTICaTIenAénRsIeBsüa ß ßza Ca

sENþk:yxøH edayPaBCaGñkbI-B nUvTarkénRKhsæxøH eday

GñkRtac´eTA kñúgTICaTIenAénRsIemm¨ayç RsIRkmMucas´ç bNÐk ‘KW

eZVICaeCIgsasn¾ ‘naMdMNwgoRKhsæ’ xøH ßk* edaykarciJ©wm

mnusSexÞIy’ nagPik¡únI nig eragsura CaGñkenARcbUkRcbl´ eday

CIvitxus ÉNamYy eRkAGMBIenH EdlRBHBuTÆRTg´tiHed[lehIyç

BYkesþc BYkmhamatüénesþc BYktiræiy BYksav&kéntiræiy CaGñk

karciJ©wmCIvitenH RBHPKv&t RTg´Rtas´ehAza Gnacar; .

enA edaykarRcbUkRcbl´ CamYyRKhsæ EdlminRbkbedaykar

nUvBaküeLHeLaH

‘BitxøH

minBitxøH’

bNþaGacar; nig Gnacar; TaMg 2 enaH Gacar; etIdUcemþc/ç

smKYrç

Pik¡úBYkxøH kñúg

mYyeT[t Pik¡úKb´rab´rk cUleTAGg<úyCitnwgRtkUlTaMg

karminRbRBwtþiknøg tampøÚvkay karminRbRBwtþiknøg tampøÚvvacaç

Lay

karminRbRBwtþiknøgtampøÚvkay nig kiriyaminRbRBwtþiknøg tampøÚv

esckþIceRmIn

vacaç karminRbRBwtþiknøgenH RBHPKv&tRTg´Rtas´ehAza Gacar; .

R:zñaesckþIekSmcakeyaK;dl´BYkPik¡úç Pik¡únIç ó:skçó:sikaç

karsRgYm

karRbRBwtþirbs´Pik¡ú dUc:ner[brab´mkenH RBHPKv&tRtas´ehAza

kúñgsIlTaMgGs´

sasnaenH

minciJ©wmCIvit

eQμaHza

Gacar;ç

edaykarob\sSIxøH

Pik¡úBYkxøH

kñúg

minciJ©wmCIvit

EdlminmansTÆa

minRCHzøa

minR:zñaRbeyaCn¾

CaGñkeCrRbeTc

minR:zña

minR:zñaesckþIsb|ay

min

GeKacr .

Epø

bNþaeKacr nig GeKacrTaMg 2 enaH eKacr etIdUcemþc/ .

eQIç lMGitsMrab´gUt nig eQIsÞn´xøH minciJ©wmCIvit edayPaB

Pik¡úBYkxøH kñúgsasnaenH CaGñkminRtac´eTA kñúgTICaTIenA énRsI

CaGñkRbRBwtþbnÞabxøÜnxøH

eBsüa

edaykarosøwkeQIxøH

BaküeLHeLaH

minciJ©wmCIvit

minciJ©wmCIvit

‘BitxøHminBitxøH’

edaykarop,aeQIç

edayPaBCaGñkeBalnUv

dUcCasmøsENþk:yxøH

ciJ©wmCIvit edayPaBCaGñkbI-B TarkénRKhsæxøH

min

minciJ©wmCIvit

.l.

CaGñkminRtac´eTA kúñgeragpwksura minenARcbUk

Rcbl´ edayBYkesþc .l. edaysav&kéntiræiy .l. CaGñk minenARcbUkRcbl´ edayRKhsæEdlminRbkb edayesckþIsm


visuTÆimK< ERb

39

40

sIlnieTÞs

KYrç mYyeT[t Pik¡úesBKb´ rab´rk cUleTAGg<úyCitnwgRtkUlTaMg

c®g,melITIc®g,mTabç xøÜnc®g,melITIc®g,mx¬s´ç kalBYkPik¡úcas´

Lay EdlmansTÆaRCHzøa dUcCaGNþÚgTwk ruger]g edaysMBt´

c®g,melIEpndIç xøÜnc®g,melITIc®g,mç QreRC[tERCkBYkPik¡úcas´

kasav; pSBVpSay edaykøinxül´éncIvr rbs´«sI KW Pik¡ú nig

xøHç Gg<úyeRC[tERCkBYkPik¡úcas´xøHç hamBYkPik¡úzμI edayGasn;

Pik¡únI CaGñkR:zñaRbeyaCn¾ .l. CaGñkR:zñaZm(CaeRK]gekSm

xøHç dak´óseTAkñúgeragePøIg biTTVar minR:b´BYkPik¡úcas´xøHç cuH

cakeyaK; dl´BYkPik¡úç Pik¡únIç ó:skç ó:sikaç karRbRBwtiþ

eTAkñúgkMBg´Twk

rbs´Pik¡úenH RBHPKv&tRtas´ehAza eKacr .

xøHç gUtRbeRC[txøHç gUtmunxøHç eLIgRbeRC[txøHç eLIgmunxøHç cUl

Pik¡úNa CaGñkcUl

eRC[tERCkBYkPik¡úcas´xøHç

dl´ehIy cUldl´RBmehIy CaGñkcUleTACit cUleTACitRBm

eTAkan´cenøaHpÞH

ehIy

edIreC[seTAxagmux > BYkPik¡úcas´xøHç

CaGñkcUlmkdl´ehIy

CaGñkcUlmkdl´RBmehIy

Ca

cuHeTAmunBYkPik¡úcas´

edIreb[tRbeRC[tBYkPik¡úcas´xøHç

edIrxagmuxxøHç

bnÞb´TaMgLay rbs´BYk

edayeKacr;enHpg

RtkUlEdleKlak´el[m nig biT:Mg EdlCaTIEdlBYkRsþI kñúg

edayRbkardUecñHç eRBaHehtuenaH Pik¡úenaH RBHPKv&tRtas´ehAza

RtkUl BYkkumarIkñúgRtkUlGg<úy k*cUleTA kúñgbnÞb´enaH eday

²GñkRbkbRBmehIy edayGacar; nig eKacr;³ dUecñH .

rh&s

GñkRbkbRBmehIy

edayGacar;enHpg

n&ymYyeT[t bNÐit Kb|IRCabGacar; nig eKacr; tamn&y

k*Gnacar man 2 y¨ag

pøÚvkay 1 RbRBwtþeTAtampøÚvvaca 1 .

Gakb|kiriyaEbbenH

RBH

PKv&tRtas´ehAza Gnacar RbRBwtþeTAtampøÚvkay .

enH kñúg:tiemak¡sIlnieTÞsenHcuH . ‘15’

RcmGEgÁlk|alekμgtUcxøHç

bNþaGnacar TaMg 2 y¨agenaH Gnacar RbRBwtþeTA kúñgpøÚv KW Gnacar RbRBwtþeTA tam bNþaGnacarTaMg 2 y¨ag

enaH Gnacar EdlRbRBwtþeTAtampøÚvkay etIdUcemþc/ .

Pikú¡BYk

vaca etIdUcemþc/ . Pik¡úBYkxøH kñúgsasnaenH sUm|IcUleTAehIy kúñgTIRbCMusg¹

k*mineZVIesckþIeKarBekatERkg

niyayZm(

edaH

RsaybJØa sEmþg:tiemak¡ minR:b´BYkPik¡úcas´xøHç Qrniyay

xøH kñúgsasnaenH sUm|IenAkñúgTIRbCMusg¹ k*mineZVIesckþIeKarB

xøHç

ekatERkg

GaraknwgRsIþ ß kumarI y¨agenHza ²En®sþImaneQμaHy¨agenH En

QrRbeK[kRbKgBYkPik¡úcas´xøH

nwgBYkPik¡úcas´xøHç Pik¡úcas´xøHç

Gg<úyRbeK[kRbKg

QrenABImuxBYkPik¡úcas´xøHç

Gg<úyelIGasn;x¬s´xøHç

Gg<úycMBImuxBYk

Gg<úyTTUrk|alxøHç

Qr

niyayvasédxøHç

sUm|IcUleTAkan´cenøaHpÞH

eBalccak

kumarImaneKaRty¨agenH bbrmanßeT/ :ymanßeT/ xaTnIy; manßeT/

eyIgnwgpwkGVI/

nwgTMBaGVI/ nwgqan´GVI/ ßza BYknag

niyayxøHç niyayvasedImédxøHç kalBYkPik¡úcas´ minBak´Es|g

nwgoGVIdl´Gatμa/³ dUecñHç vacaEbbenH RBHPKv&t Rtas´ehAza

eCIgedIrc®g,mç xøÜnk*Bak´Es|keCIgedIrc®g,mç

Gnacar RbRBwtþeTAtampøÚvvaca .

kalBYkPik¡úcas´edIr

cMENkGacar; bNÐitKb|IRCab


visuTÆimK< ERb

41

42

sIlnieTÞs

edaybJ¦aç

edayGMNacbdibk¡n&y énGnacarenaHcuH . n&ymYyvijeT[t Pik¡ú manesckIþeKarB manesckþIekatERkg

eKacr

KWklüaNmiRtenH RBHPKv&t Rtas´ehAza

óbnisSyeKacr . Gark¡eKacr etIdUcemþc/ç

bribUN(edayhiri nig Otþb|; esø{klÁRtwmRtUv XøúMlÁRtwmRtUv man

Pik¡ú kúñgsasnaenH cUleTAkan´

kiriyaQaneTAmux mankiriyaQanzyeRkay mankarsmøwgemIl

cenøaHpÞH edIreTAkan´vizI manck¡úOncuHeRkam manRbRktIemIlRtwm

mankiriyaemIlCMuvij

Rbkb

EtmYyCYrnwm sRgYmedIreTA minrmilemIldMrI minrmilemIlesH

edayesckþIRCHzøa manckú¡sMLwgcuHeRkam bribUN(eday«riyabz

minrmilemIlrz minrmilemIlGñkezμIreCIg minrmilemIlRsþI min

manTVarRKb´RKgehIy kñúg«riyabzTaMgLay s<al´RbmaN kñúg

rmilemIlburs

ePaCn

TaMgminrmilemIlTisZM nig TistUc edIreTAç eKacrenH RBHPKv&t

mankiriyabt´Gg,új

Rbkber]y>

kñúgkiriyaP\ak´rB\k

latsNþÚk

bribUN(edaysti

nig

sm|CJ¦; manesckþIR:zñaticç senþas minRcbUkRcbl´ man esckþIBüayamR:rBÆehIy

eZVIesckþIeKarB

minrmilemIlxagelI

minrmilemIlxageRkam

Rtas´ehAza Gark¡eKacr .

kñúgGPismacarikvtþ

óbniBnÆeKacr

etIdUcemþc/

Pik¡ú cUleTAcgeRk[kcitþTuk kñúg

TaMgLay CaGñkeRcInenAedayesckþIeKarB nig esckþIekatERkgç

Zm(TaMgLayNaç

kiriyaRbRBwtþiEbbenH RBHPKv&tRTg´ehAza Gacar; .

smdUcRBHPKv&tRtas´za ²mñalPik¡úTaMgLay cuHGVIeTA/ CaeKacr

bNÐit Kb|I

rbs´Pik¡úç KWZm(EdlCavis&y rbs´bitaénxøÜnç Zm(enH KWGVI/ KW

RCabGacar; y¨agenHmun . ‘eKacr 3 y¨ag’

stibdðan 4 ‘1’ ³ dUecñHç

cMENk eKacr vij man 3 Rbkar KW óbnisSyeKacr 1ç Gark¡eKacr 1ç óbniBnÆeKacr 1 . óbnisSyeKacretIdUcemþc/

eRBaHGaRs&yklüaNmiRtNa

EdlxøÜn:nsþab´ehIy oRtg´

Pik¡ú sþab´nUvsURt EdlxøÜnmin

opUrpg´

júaMgcitþoRCHzøa

ß

eZVITidði

kalsikSatamklüaNmiRtNa

EtgcMerIn edaysTÆa ceRmInedaysIlç edaysut;ç

Pik¡úRbkbehIy RbkbRBmehIy edayGacar;enHpg eday eKacrenHpg y¨agdUecñHÉg

edaycaK;ç

eRBaHehtuenaH

eTIbRBHPKv&t Rtas´

ehAza ²GñkbribUN(edayGacar; nig eKacr;³ .

júaMgsURt

benÞabg´esckþIsgS&y

eKacrenH RBHPKv&t RTg´Rtas´ehAza

óbniBnÆeKacr .

bNþaeKacrTaMg 3 enaH

klüaNmiRtCaGñkRbkbRBmehIy

edayKuN KWkzavtæú 10 y¨agç Tan´:nsþab´ehIy

Zm(TaMgLayenaH KW stibdðan 4ç BaküenH

‘16’

bTza

²GNumetþsu veC¢su PyTsSavI³ esckþIza

Pik¡úCaGñkmanRbRktIeXIjP&y kñúgeTasTaMgLaymanRbmaNtic tYc EdlepSgKña edayeTas manCaGaTi¾ 1-

suÇ

sMÇ

KW eski¡yvtþ EdlPikú¡

mhavarÇ PaKTI 38 TMB&rTI 18 .


visuTÆimK< ERb minEkøgRtUvehIy

nig

citþúb|aT

EdlCaGkusl

43 .

bTza

44

sIlnieTÞs

rUbedaycitþ

Edlmanck¡úbsaTCaTItaMgç

cMENkkareBalEbb

²smaTay sik¡ti sik¡abeTsu³ esckþIza sIlÉNamYy Edl

enHnu@H

xøÜnRtUvsikSa kñúgsik¡abTTaMgLayç Pik¡ú sikSakan´yk nUvsIl

TaMgLayza buK<l:j´‘RmwK’edayZñÚ dUecñHCaedIm .

TaMgGs´enaH edaylÁRbéB .

enaH

k*kñúgGZikar én:tiemak¡sMvrsIlenH bNÐit Kb|IRCab za

eQμaHza

Baküza

kareBalRbkbedaysmÖar;

²eXIjrUbedayck¡úviJ¦aN³

dUcCakñúgRbeyaK

enHnu@H

eRBaHehtu CaesckþIkñúg

Baküza ²eXIjrUb edayck¡ú³ enaH .

²:tiemak¡sMvrsIl RBHPKv&tRTg´sEmþgehIy edayeTsna Ca

bTza ²n nimitþK<ahI³ esckþIza Pik¡ú minkan´yknUvnimitþ

buK<laTidðan edayehtumanRbmaNb¨ueNÑH za ²GñksRgYmehIy

kñúg®sþI nig burs ßza nimitþEdlCaTItaMgénkiels mansuPnimitþ

edayeRK]gsRgYm KW:tiemak¡³ dUecñHç

CaedIm

cMENkxag Baküza ²Gñk

dl´RBmehIyedayGacar; nig eKacr;³ dUecñHCaedIm KWRBHPKv&t RTg´Rtas´ehIy

edIm|IsEmþgnUvesckþIRbtibtþi

EdlCapøÚv:n

seRmcénsIlTaMgBYgenaH dl´buK<lGñkRbtibtþi .

cMENkÉ «®nÞiysMvrsIlenHÉNa

Rtas´sEmþgehIy

²nanuBüJ¢nK<ahI³ esckþIza

minkan´yknUvGakar;

epSgedayGakar; manédç eCIgç k|alç sMeNIcç

edIm EdlRBHPKv&t

bnþbnÞab´GMBI:tiemak¡sMvrsIlenaH

n&yza ²Pik¡úenaH eXIjrUb edayck¡ú³ dUecñHCaedImç

bTza

BaküEdl

burs nig RsIþeBalcrcaKñaeTAvijeTAmk nig karRkeLkemIlCa

‘«®nÞiysMvrsIl’ ‘17’

fitenAkúñgnimitþRtwmEtxøÜneXIjb¨ueNÑaHÉg .

eday

bNÐit Kb|I

RCabvinicä&y kúñg«®nÞiysMvrsIlenaH dUcteTAenH . bTza ²Pik¡úenaH³ :ndl´Pik¡úGñkfitenAehIy kúñg:tiemak¡-

Edl:nevaharza

²GnuBüJ¢n;³

eRBaHCaGnuBüJ¢n;

KW

eRBaHCaeRK]geZVIesckþIR:kd énkielsTaMgLayç Gakar;ÉNa R:kdc|as´ kñúgsrIr;enaHç

k*kan´yknUvGakar; mansk´CaedIm

enaH ‘CaGarmμN¾’ dUcRBHmhatisSetær GñkenAkñúgectiybB(t . :n»mkza CamYysVamIehIy

kUnRbsaRsIénRtkUlmñak´

:neQøaHTas´ETg

sÁitsÁagedayeRK]gRbdab´d*lÁ

dUcCanag

Baküza ²eXIjrUbedayck¡ú³ esckþIza eXIj

eTvkJ¦a ecjBIGnuraZburI taMgBIRBwkRBham edIreTAkan´pÞHénjati

rUbedayck¡úviJ¦aN EdlGaceXIjrUb eRBaH:nevaharza ²ck¡ú³

k*:neXIjRBHmhatisSetærenaH kMBugnimnþmkBIectiybB(t ‘eTA’

edayGMNacénehtu .

kan´GnuraZburI

sMvrsIlenaH .

EmnBit buraNacarü eBalza ²ck¡ú min

edIm|IbiNÐ:t

Rtg´cenøaHpøÚv

CaRsImancitþ

eXIjrUb eRBaHck¡úminmancitþç Écitþ k*mineXIjrUb eRBaHcitþmin

mayehIy esIcy¨agxøaMg .

manck¡úç

²enHCaGVI/³ k*:nnUvGsuPsJ¦a Rtg´qÁwgeZμjénRsIenaH

EtkalebITVar nig GarmμN¾mkpÞb´Kñaç buK<l rEmgeXIj

ray

ÉRBHezr; RkeLkemIledayKitza ehIyk*


visuTÆimK< ERb

45

46

sIlnieTÞs

:nsMercGrhtþ .

eRBaHstikþI

eRBaHehtuenaH

ekIteLIgesaHeLIyç

eTIbRBHGdðkzacarü eBalza ;

seRmcekIteLIgehIyrlt´eTAvijç tBIenaHmk ck¡úviJ¦aN júaMg

kúñgTIenaHdEdl :nseRmcRBHGrhtþehIy .

RBHezr;

k*sYrza

RsþIEdrßeT/³ .

²bBiRtelakm©as´!

:nCYbRbTHnwg

etIelakm©as´ :neXIj

RBHezr; R:b´bursCasVamI rbs´RsþIenaH za ;

buK<lenaH

manGPiCÄaCaedImenaH Gñkmins®gYmckú¡®nÞIy¾

Kb|ICab´tam

KÅedjtam

KWCaGñkmanck¡úTVarmin:nbiT

ehIy enAedaysnÞHTVar KWsti eRBaHehtuNa KåeRBaHehtuénkar mins®gYmck¡ú®nÞIy¾Na esckþIza

.

bTza

²tsS sMvray bdibC¢ti³

Pik¡ú Rbtibtþi edIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´karbiT nUvck¡ú®nÞIy¾enaH

edaysnÞHTVarKWsti .

k*Pik¡ú kalRbtibtþi y¨agdUecñH RBHPKv&t

Rtas´za ²rkSanUvck¡ú®nÞIy¾xøH dl´nUvkars®gYm kúñgck¡ú®nÞIy¾xøH³ . kúñgBaküza

²dl´nUvkars®gYm

kúñgck¡ú®nÞIy¾³

enaH

menaZatuEdlCavi:kjúaMgsm|dicänñkic©oseRmc ekIteLIgehIy k*rlt´eTAvijç

bnÞab´mk menaviJ¦aNZatu EdlCaGehtukvi:k

júaMgsnþIrNkic© oseRmc ekIteLIgehIy k*rlt´eTAvijç bnÞab´ menaviJ¦aNZatu

EdlCaGehtukkiriya

oseRmc ekIteLIgehIy rlt´eTAvijç

Etza ragqÁwgn@uH kMBugedIrenAelIpøÚvZM .

kñúgBaküza ²ytVaZikrNemnM³ dUecñHCaedIm manvinicä&yza Zm(TaMgLay

TsSnkic© oseRmc ekIteLIgehIy k*rlt´eTAvijç tBIenaHmk

mk

Gatμa mindwgc|as´za RsþI ß bursEdledIreTA GMBI TIenHeTç

rU:rmμN¾ mkkan´rgVg´énck¡ú

ehIy k*rlt´eTAvijç menaZatu EdlCakiriya júaMgGavC¢nkic© o

eXIjnUvGsuPsJ¦a kúñgkalmunç elakQrenA

kaledIrtammk

mYyvijeT[t

min:nGaRs&ynUvck¡úbsaT

kñúgeBlNaç kñúgeBlenaH kalebIPvg<ekIteLIg Gs´var; 2 dg

RBHezr; eXIjqÁwgeZμj rbs´RsþIenaHehIy k*rB\k

cMENksVamIénRsþIenaH

eRBaHkarePøcPøaMgstikþI

bNÐit

Kb|IRCabzasMvr;kþI GsMvr;kþI kñúgck¡ú®nÞIy¾ minman k*BitEmnehIy

rEmgsÞúHeTA .

sMvr;kþI

kúñglMdab´enaH Cvncitþ

GsMvr;kþI sUm|Ikñúgsm&yTaMgLayenaH

KW kñúgPvg<sm&y k*minmanç CaedIm

júaMgevadðBVnkic©

bNþasm&yénvizIcitþ manGavC¢ncitþ

sm&yNamYy k*minmanesaHeLIy .

énCvncitþ

ebIPaBénbuK<lGñkRTusþsIlkþIç

Etza kñúgxN;

karePøcPøaMgstikþIç

karmindwgkþIç karminGt´Zn´kþIç karx¢ilRcGUskþI ekIteLIgç karmin s®gYm eTIbman .

k*karmins®gYm Edlmany¨agenHenaH

PKv&tRTg´Rtas´za; ²karmins®gYm kúñgck¡ú®nÞIy¾³ . GVI/ .

eRBaHehtuza

GavC¢ncitþCaedIm

eRBaHehtu

kalebIkarmins®gYmenaHmanç

k*CaTVar KWPik¡ú min:nRKb´RKgehIyç

RBH

sUm|ITVar

TaMgPvg< TaMgvizIcitþ man

KWPik¡úmin:nRKb´RKgehIyEdr

.

eRb[bdUcCa

GVI/ . eRb[bdUcCa kalebITVarTaMg 4 kñúgRkugEdleKmin:nbiT


visuTÆimK< ERb ehIyç

eKhb|eTsTaMgLay

manxagkúñgpÞHç

exøagTVar

47

48

sIlnieTÞs

nig

n&ysUm|IkúñgRbeyaKTaMgLayza ²»sMeLgedayRtec[k³ dUecñH

bnÞb´CaedIm CaRbeTs KWeKbiT:MglÁehIy k*BitEmnç ebITukCa

CaedIm k*n&yenHEdr .

y¨agenaHk*eday RTBüTaMgGs´xagkñúgRkug k*eQμaHza eKmin:n

za;

rkSa

yknUvnimitþ

min:nRKb´RKgehIydEdl

eRBaHza

BYkecarcUleTAtam

TVarRkugehIy Kb|IeZVInUvGMeBI EdlBYkvaR:zñaenaH y¨agNamijç kalebIeTasTaMgLay eLIgkúñgCvncitþç k*CaTVar

manPaBénbuK<lRTusþsIlCaedIm

kalebIkarminrvaMgRby&tñenaHmanç

KWPik¡ú min:nRKb´RKgehIyç

eQμaHza

«®nÞiysMvrsIl

TaMgPvg< TaMgvizIcitþ man

Edlmankarev[rbg´

EdlkielsCab´tamCaedIm

nUvkarkan´

kñúgGarmμN¾TaMgLay

manrU:rmμN¾CaedIm Calk¡N; edayRbkardUecñHÉg . ‘GaCIv:risuTÆisIl’

ekIt

sUm|ITVar

sIlenH bNÐitKb|IRCab edayseg¡b

‘18’

«LÚvenH

Kb|IRCabvinicä&y

kñúgGaCIv:risuTÆisIl

Edl:neBalehIy kñúglMdab´én«®nÞiysMvrsIl dUcteTA .

.

Rtg´Baküza ²Pik¡úRbRBwtþknøgsik¡abTTaMg 6 EdlRBHPKv&t

Etza kalebIKuNTaMgLay mansIlCaedIm ekIteLIgehIy kñúg

RTg´bJ¦tþehIy eRBaHehtuénGaCIv; eRBaHdMeNIrénGaCIv;³ esckþI

CvncitþenaHç sUm|ITVar k*CaTVarKWPik¡úRKb´RKgehIy TaMgPvg< TaMg

za sik¡abTTaMg6 enaHÉNa EdlRBHPKv&tRtas´bJ¦tþy¨agdUecñH

vizIcitþ manGavC¢ncitþCaedIm KWPik¡úRKb´RKgehIy . eRb[bdUcCa

za ²Pik¡úNaR:zñalamk RtUvesckþIR:zña RKbsg,t´ehIy eBal

GVI/ . eRb[bdUcCakalebITVarRkugTaMgLay KWeKbiT:MglÁehIyç

GYtótþrimnusSZm( Edlminman‘kúñgxøÜn’minBit eRBaHehtuénGaCIv;

TITaMgLay

eRBaHdMeNIrénGaCIv;ç Pik¡úenaH RtUvGabtþi:raCikç Pik¡úNa dl´nUv

GavC¢ncitþCadIm

KW

Pik¡úmin:nRKb´RKgehIy

k*y¨agenaHEdr

manxagkñúgpÞHCaedIm sUm|IeKmin:nbiT:MglÁehIy eQμaHza

PaBCaGñkRtac´eTA kñúgcenøaHén®sþI nig burs ‘KWeZVICaemGeNþIk

kalebI

dwknaMoburs nig ®sþI:nKñaCabþIRbBnÆ’ eRBaHehtuénGaCIv; eRBaH

BYkecark*cUleTAmin:n

dMeNIrénGaCIv;ç Pik¡úenaH RtUvGabtþisg¹aTiessç Pik¡úNa R:b´

eLIy y¨agNamijç kalebIKuNTaMgLaymansIlCaedIm ekIt

ótþrimnusSZm( dl´buK<lNaza ²Pik¡úNa enAkñúgvtþrbs´Gñkç Pik¡ú

eLIgehIy kñúgCvncitþç

enaHCaRBHGrhnþ³ dUecñH eRBaHehtuénGaCIv; eRBaHdMeNIrénGaCIv;

k*BitEmn

TukCadUecñaHk*eday

KWeK:nrkSa

RTBüTaMgGs´kñúgRkug

:nRKb´RKglÁehIyTaMgRsugç

TVarRkugTaMgLay

EdleK:nbiTehIyç

eRBaHza

sUm|ITVar k*CaTVar KWPik¡úRKb´RKgehIyç

TaMgPvg< TaMgvizIcitþ manGavC¢ncitþCaedIm KWPik¡ú RKb´RKgehIy

kalebIbuK<lenaHeC]tamç

k*y¨agenaHEdr .

Pik¡úNa

énCvncitþ

eRBaHehtuenaH sMvr; sUm|IekIteLIg kñúgxN;

RBHPKv&tRtas´za ²karsRgYm kñúgck¡ú®nÞIy¾³ dUecñH .

minmanCmáW

Pik¡úGñkR:b´enaH

júaMgbuK<losUmePaCn

RtUvGabtþizuløc©&yç d*RbNIt

edIm|I

RbeyaCn¾ dl´xøÜnehIyqan´ eRBaHehtuénGaCIv; eRBaHdMeNIr én


visuTÆimK< ERb

49

50

sIlnieTÞs

GaCIv;ç Pik¡úenaH RtUvGabtþi:citþiy;ç Pik¡únINa minmanCmáW júaMg

vaca dUcCasmøsENþk:yç

buK<l osUmePaCn d*RbNIt edIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´xøÜn ehIyqan´

RKhsæÉNa rbs´Pik¡úGñkGaRs&ylaPç

eRBaHehtuénGaCIv;

CaGñkR:zñalamk RtUvesckþIR:zñaRKbsg,t´ehIyç enH ehAza

eRBaHdMeNIrénGaCIv;ç

Pik¡únIenaH

RtUvGabtþi-

PaBénPik¡úCaGñkbI-B ‘Tark’ én

:dieTsnIy;ç Pik¡úNa minmanCmáÅ eRbIeKosUmsmøkþI :ykþI

lbna ‘karkuhkedayvaca’ .

edIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´xøÜn ehIyqan´ eRBaHehtuénGaCIv; eRBaHdMeNIr

bNþa:bZm(TaMgenaH

énGaCIv;ç

Pik¡úenaH RtUvGabtþiTuk,d³ dUecñHç

enHCakiriyaev[rcak

karciJ©wmCIvitxus EdlRbRBwtþeTA edayGMNacénsik¡abTTaMg 6 enH . kñúgBaküTaMgLay manBaküza ²kuhna³ CaedIm man:lI dUcteTAenH ; kñúg:bZm(TaMgenaH kuhna etIdUcemþc/ . kartaMgRbugeRb[b kartaMg kartaMgRBmnUv«riyabzÉNa karRsgUtRsgat´ PaBén karRsgUtRsgat´

karbMPan´

karjúaMgTaykoPan´PaMg

PaBén

kareZVITaykoPan´PaMgNa edayviZIkuhk eBalKWkaresBbc©&y kþI edaykiriyaxSwbexS{v kñúgTICitkþI rbs´Pik¡úGñkGaRs&ynUvlaPç sk,ar; nig ekri¾þeQμaH CaGñkR:zñad*lamk CaGñkRtUvesckþIR:zña RKbsg,t´ehIyç enH elakehAza kuhna ‘karkuhkedayb\k’ . bNþa:bZm(TaMgenaH

lbna etIdUcemþc/ . karbegÁancUl

mkeBalcMeBaHCndéTç kareBalrYsrayç kareBaloeKTukcitþç kareBalelIkç

kareBalelIkedaycMENkRKb´y¨agç

kareBal

cgeCIgkñúgxagelIçkareBalcgeCIgkñúgxagelIer]y>ç karniyay beJ¢arç

karniyaybeJ¢arer]y>ç

PaBénPik¡ú

GñkmankareBal

cak´beNþayç PaBénPik¡úCaGñkRbRBwtþbnÞabxøÜnç

PaBénPikú¡Gñkman

enmitþikta

sk,ar; nig ekrþi¾eQμaH

etIdUcemþc/

.

kiriya

sm<al´ç GMeBIénkarsm<al´ç kareBalbJäitbeJä{gç GMeBIénkar eBalbJäitbeJä{gç

karxSwbexS{v

kúñgTICitç

kareBaledjeCIg

Na> cMeBaHBYkCndéT rbs´Pik¡úGñkGaRs&ynUvlaPç sk,ar; nig ekri¾þeQμaH

CaGñkR:zñalamk

enHehAza

enmitþikta

RtUvesckþIR:zñaRKbsg,t´ehIyç

‘PaBCaGñkeRbIó:ykl

edaykayxøH

edayvacaxøH’ . bNþa:bZm(TaMgenaH

nieb|sikta etIdUcemþc/ .

kareCr

RbeTcç karemIlgayç kartiHed[lç kareBalelIkç kareBal elIksBVRKb´ç

kareBalcMGkoç

kareBalcMGkoxøaMg>ç

kar

júaMgTaykodl´ç karjúaMgTaykodl´RBmç karnaMmknUveTasç PaBénkareBalBakü

kúñgTIkM:Mg

dUcCakarsIusac´xñg

rbs´Cn

déTNa >

cMeBaHBYkCndéT énPik¡úGñkGaRs&ylaPç sk,ar; nig

ekrþi¾eQμaH

CaGñkR:zñalamk

RtUvesckþIR:zñaRKbsg,t´ehIyç

enHehAza nieb|sikta ‘PaBCaGñkeRbIsMdICaexñas sRmab´ekas yklaP’ . bNþa:bZm(TaMgenaH etIdUcemþc/ .

PaBénkarEsVgrklaP

edaylaP

Pik¡úCaGñkGaRs&ylaPç sk,ar; nig ekrþi¾eQμaH Ca


visuTÆimK< ERb GñkmanesckþIR:zñalamk

51

RtUvesckþIR:zñaRKbsg,t´ehIy

naM

52

sIlnieTÞs

RtLb´CaRbEkkeTAvij

eRBaHGaRs&ynUvPav;énxøÜn

CaGñkR:zña

ykGamisEdlxøÜn:nehIy GMBIpÞHenHeTAkúñgpÞHÉeNaH ß naMyk

lamkpg edaykardwgnUvBYkKhbtITaMgenaH CaGñkmansTÆa taMg

GamisEdlxøÜn:nehIy

karEsVg

enAs)b´lÁ cMeBaHxøÜnehIy kalebIBYkKhbtITaMgenaH eBalTTUc

karsVHEsVgnUv

za ²elakm©as´ CaGñkR:zñaticGVIemø¨HeT minRtUvkarTTYlGVI> esaH

Gamis edayGamisEbbenHNa>ç karEsVgrkenH elakehAza

eLIyç buNüKWBYkeyIg:n edaygayNas´hñ@ Kb|Imandl´BYk

PaBénkarEsVgrklaP edaylaP ‘1’ .

eyIg ebIelakm©as´enHTTYlvtæúGVI> sUm|IbnþicbnþÜc³ dUecñHehIy

KWkarEsVgrkç

GMBIpÞHÉeNaH

karEsVgrker]y>ç

eTAkñúgpÞHenHç

karEsVgsVHç

k*bNÐitKb|IRCabesckþIén:lIenH dUcteTAenH

k*begÁancUleTA

‘kuhnanieTÞs’ ‘19’ Kb|IRCabvinicä&y kñúgkuhnanieTÞs Camunsin . bTza

²laPsk,arsielaksnñisSitsS³ esckþIza GñkR:zña KWRtUvkar laPpg sk,ar;pg ekrþi¾eQμaHpg . R:zñasEmþgKuNEdlminman .

bTza ²:bicäsS³ KWCaGñk

bTza ²«cäabktsS³ KW RtUv

kuhnvtæú 3 y¨ag mkehIy kúñgmhanieTÞs eday

GMNackaresBnUvbc©&yç karxSwbexS{v kñúgTICit nig GaRs&y «riyabz eRBaHehtuNaç eRBaHehtuenaH edIm|IsEmþgnUvkuhnvtæú 3 y¨agenaH

bnÞab´GMBIenHmk eTIbelakR:rBÆBakümanCaGaTi¾ za

²bc©yb|diesvnsg¡aetn³ dUecñH . bNþakuhnvtæúTaMg 3 y¨agenaH karjúaMgTayk oCab´citþ edaykar- kalebITayknimnþehIy edaybc©&yTaMgLay man cIvrbc©&yCaedIm ‘xøÜn’ CaGñkRtUvkar edaybc©&yenaH Bit> 1-

GPiÇ

viÇ

PaKTI 82 TMB&rTI 159 .

bu¨Enþ

mancIvrCaedIm

d*RbNIt>

edayó:yviZIepSg> eT[t ‘Pik¡úenaH’ eZVIoR:kdnUvPaBdUcCacg´ oTayk GnueRKaHxøÜneKEtb¨ueNÑaHehIy TTYlpg CaehtubegÁan cUlmk ‘nUvbc©&y’ edaypÞúkTaMgreTH> cab´epþImtaMgBIkarRbEkk enaHmk bNÐit Kb|IRCab za ²Caer]gkuhk eBalKWkaresB nUv bc©&y³ .

esckþIR:zñaRKbsg,t´ehIyç GZib|yaza; RtUvesckþIRbTUsþeb[t eb[nehIy .

nUvbc©&yTaMgLay

dUcCaelakeBalehIy kñúgmhanieTÞsza ²kuhnvtæú eBal KWkaresBbc©&y etIdUcemþc/ .

KhbtITaMgLay kñúgelakenH

nimnþPik¡ú edaycIvrç biNÐ:tç esnasn;ç KilanePsC¢bc©&y nig brik¡arTaMgLayç R:zñaRKbsg,t´ehIy

Pik¡úenaH ‘1’

CaGñkR:zñalamk RtUvesckþI

CaGñkmanesckþIRtUvkaredaycIvr

.l.

RbEkkbdiesZ nUvcIvr RbEkkbdiesZ nUvbiNÐ:tç esnasn;ç KilanePsC¢bc©&y

nig

brik¡arTaMgLay

eRBaHGaRs&yPaBén

esckþIcg´:nnUvcIvrç biNÐ:tç esnasn;ç KilanePsC¢bc©&y nig

brik¡arTaMgLay

1-

suÇ

xuÇ mÇ

o:nrwtEteRcIneLIg>ç

PaKTI 66 TMB&rTI 249 .

Pik¡úenaH

eBal


visuTÆimK< ERb y¨agenHza

²nwgmanRbeyaCn¾GVI

edaycIvr

53 EdlmantémøeRcIn

54

sIlnieTÞs

eRcIn eRBaHeTyüZm(manenA kñúgTIcMeBaHmux .l. kulbuRtGñk

dl´smN;ç smN; Kb|IeRCIserIsyknUvsMBt´EdleKecal

mansTÆa

ehIy GMBIéRBsμsankþI GMBIKMnrsRmamkþI GMBIranpSarkþI ehIyeZVI

manenAcMeBaHmuxç GñkTaMgLay mansTÆaenH BitEmnpg eTyü-

Casg¹adIRTRTg´‘RKg’ eRBaHehtuNaç eRBaHehtuenaH Cakarsm

Zm( k*manRBmKñapg bdiK<ahk; KWGatμa k*manpg ebIGatμa nwg

KYrç RbeyaCn¾GVI edaybiNÐ:tEdlmantémøeRcIn dl´smN;ç

minTTYleTç

smN; Kb|IciJ©wmCIvit edayBMnUt:yEdlxøÜn:nmk edaykar

buNüç GatμaPaB minRtUvkaredayeTyüZm(enHeTç Etza GatμaPaB

EsVgrk edayehtuNaç

RbeyaCn¾GVI

TTYl edaysarEtkarGnueRKaHdl´GñkTaMgLayEtbu¨eNÑaH³ dUecñH

edayesnasn; EdlmantémøeRcIn dl´smN;ç smN; Kb|I

eRBaHGaRs&yehtuenaH Pik¡úenaH eTIbTTYlnUvcIvry¨ageRcIn TTYl

CaGñkenAeT[bKl´eQI ß enAkúñgTIval ehtuNaç ehtuenaH Ca

biNÐ:tç

karKYrç RbeyaCn¾GVI edayKilanbc©&y nig ePsC¢brik¡ar Edl

RsgUtRsgat´ç

mantémøeRcIn dl´smN;ç smN; Kb|IeZVIOsz edayTwkmURt

karjúaMgTayk oPan´PaMgç karbMPan´Tayk mansPaBEbbenH

sÁúy ß edaylMGiténEpøsm¨ edayehtuNaç ehtuenaH Cakar

ÉNaç Gakb|kiriyaEbbenH elakehAza

smKYr³ eRBaHGaRs&ynUvehtuenaH Pik¡úenaH RKgnUvcIvrEdlesA

esBnUvbc©&y³ .

ehtuenaH

CakarsmKYrç

rEmg:nbuNüeRcIn

kalebIdUecñaH

esnasn;ç

eRBaHTk¡ieNyübuK<lTaMgLay

GñkTaMgLay nwgenAeRkARsLHcak

ePsC¢brik¡ar

y¨ageRcIn>ç

karmaneZVImuxRsgUtRsgat´ç

karmanmux

karkuhkedayb\kç

²kuhnvtæú eBalKWkar

hμg qan´biNÐ:td*esAhμg eRbIR:s´esnasn;RTuDeRTam esB

cMENkkareZVIoTaykPan´PaMg edayRbkarenaH> edayvaca

Kilanbc©&y nig ePsC¢brik¡ard*esAhμgç KhbtITaMgLay s<al´

CaehtusEmþg nUvkar:nseRmcótþrimnusSZm( rbs´Pik¡úGñkR:zña

Pik¡únu@HÉg y¨agenHza ²smN;enH CaGñkR:zñatic senþas sáb´

lamkenaHÉg bNÐit Kb|IRCabza ²Caer]gkuhk eBalKWkarxSwb

sáat´ minRcbUkRcbl´edayKN; manesckþIBüayamR:rBÆehIy

exS{v kñúgTICit³ dUecñH .

CaGñkeBalnUvZm(CaeRK]gkMcat´bg´kiels³ dUecñH Etgnimnþeday

vtæúTaMgenaH er]gkuhk eBalKWkarxSwbexS{vkñúgTICit etIdUcemþc/ .

cIvr .l. brik¡arTaMgLayeRcIneLIg>ç Pik¡úenaH eBaly¨agenHza

Pik¡úBYkxøH kñúgsasnaenH CaGñkR:zñalamk RtUvesckþIR:zñaRKb

²kulbuRt mansTÆa rEmg:nnUvbuNüd*eRcIn eRBaHPav;énvtæúTaMg

sg,t´ehIy

3 manenAcMeBaHmuxç kulbuRt GñkmansTÆa rEmg:nbuNüeRcIn

edayGriyZm( edayKitza ²kalebIGatμaGjeZVIy¨agenHç Cnnwg

eRBaHsTÆamanenAcMeBaHmuxç kulbuRt GñkmansTÆa rEmg:nbuNü

sresIrGatμaGj³ dUecñH eBalza ²Pik¡úNa RTRTg´nUvcIvrEbbenHç

smdUcCaRBHGdðkzacarüeBal za ²kñúg

manbMNgedIm|IoeKsresIr

eBalvacaEdlRbkb


visuTÆimK< ERb

55

56

sIlnieTÞs

Pik¡úenaH CasmN;mans&kþiZM³ eBalza ²Pik¡úNa eRbIR:s´:Rtç

smdUcRBHPKv&t RTg´Rtas´za ²kuhnvtæú eBalKW«riyabz etIdUc

PaCn¾elah;ç ZmμRkkç tRmgç kUnesaç kayB&nn¾ç Es|keCIg

emþc/ . Pik¡úBYkxøH kúñgsasnaenH CaGñkR:zñalamk RtUvesckþI

mansPaBEbbenHç Pik¡úenaH CasmN;mans&kþiZM³ dUecñH eBalza

R:zñaRKbsg,t´ehIy manbMNgcg´oeKsresIr Kitza ²Cnnwg

²RBHóbCÄay¾ç Gacarüç Pik¡ú manóbCÄay¾esμIKñaç Pik¡ú manGacarü

sresIrGatμaGj y¨agenH³ dUecñHehIy k*xitxMp©itp©g´dMeNIr er[b

esμIKñaç

cMCMhr bg<úy dMeNk s®gYmedIreTA s®gYmQrenA s®gYmGg<úy

Pik¡úCamiRtç

mþgmYykalç

Pik¡úCamiRt

Pik¡úCasmøaj´

Zøab´eXIjç

Pik¡úCamiRtZøab´CYbKña

mansPaBEbbenH>

rbs´Pik¡úNaç

s®gYmseRmckarsig eZVIhak´bIdUcCaedIreZVIsmaZi dUcCaeZVIsmaZi

R:saT

Qr dUcCaGg<úyeZVIsmaZi eZVIdUcCacUlsmaZisigç mYyeT[t Ca

rlIgç Kuhaç rUgç kudiç pÞHkMBUlç b¨mç eragç Ezvç óbdðansalaç

GñkeZVIdUcCacUlQanoCneKeXIj kartaMg RbugeRb[b kartm,l´

mNÐbç eT[bKl´eQI mansPaBEbbenH>ç Pik¡úenaH CaGñkman

karer[bcMnUv«riyabz karmanmuxRsgUtRsgat´ PaBénPik¡úmanmux

mYyeT[t Pik¡úenaH manGakar;KYroex¬IméRkeBk

RsgUtRsgat´ karkuhkedayb\k karjúaMgTaykoPan´PaMg PaB

Pik¡úNa

enAkúñgvtþç

s&kþiZM³ dUecñHç

enAkñúgR:saTEvgç

mansPaBCaGñkmanmux

R:saTmUlç

RsgUtRsgat´éRkeBk

CaGñkkuhkéRk

eBk CaGñkniyayRcMEdl> esñICYsmuxxøÜnÉg sEmþgnUvkza d* RCaleRCAç kM:Mgç lÁitç CaTIbiT:Mg EdlRbkbedayelakutþrZm( nig suJ¦ta mansPaBEbbenaH za ²smN;rUbenH man RbRktI:nnUvviharsmabtþiTaMgLayenH dUecñHç

karmanmuxRsgUtRsgat´

karkuhkedayb\k TaykPan´PaMg

mansPaBEbbenH>³

PaBénPik¡úmanmuxRsgUtRsgat´

karjúaMgTaykoPan´PaMg

mansPaBEbbenHNa>ç

PaBénPik¡ú

eZVIo

Gakb|kiriyaEbbenH

elakehAza ²er]gkuhk eBalKWkarxSwbexS{v kñúgTICit³ . cMENkkarjúaMgTaykoPan´PaMg eday«riyabz Edl‘xøÜn’ eZVIehIyedIm|IoeKsresIr enaHÉg

Kb|IRCabza

rbs´Pik¡úGñkmanesckþIR:zñalamk

²er]gkuhkGaRs&y eday«riyabz³ .

énPik¡úeZVIoTaykPan´PaMgNa>ç

GMeBITaMgGs´enH

elakehAza

²er]gkuhk Tak´Tgnwgkarer[bcM«riyabz³ . kñúg:lIénkuhnvtæúenaH

bTza

²eBalKWkaresBnUvbc©&y³

esckþIza; ‘edaykuhnvtæú’ EdlbNÐitrab´bJ©ÚlRBmehIy y¨ag enHza ²karesBnUvbc©&y³ dUecñH ßza edaykaresBnUvbc©&yEdl bNÐit eBalehIy .

bTza ²edaykarxSwbexS{vkñúgTICit³ :n

dl´ edaykarniyaykúñgTICit . dl´ én«riyabzTaMg 4 . eRb[bedayeGIeBI

bTza ²«riyabzsS va³ :n

karRbugeRb[b taMgBIedIm ß karRbug

eQμaHza Gdðbna .

Gakar;énkarRbugeRb[b

eQμaHza fbna . karcat´Ecg manBaküGZib|ayza kareZVInUvPav; énesckþIBüayam RbkbedayesckþIRCHzøa eQμaHza sNðbna . kareZVImuxCUr manBaküGZib|ayza

kareZVImuxRsgUtRsgat´ eday


visuTÆimK< ERb

57

58

sIlnieTÞs

sEmþgnUvPav;énxøÜnCaGñkmanesckþIBüayam y¨agtwgrwg eQμaHza

mhanavikç mhaTanbtI³ eQμaHza óløbna ‘niyayelIkeK’ .

Pakudika .

kareZVImuxCUr CaRbRktIrbs´Pik¡úenaH eRBaHehtuenaH

karniyayeZVIoeKx¬s´eLIgedayRKb´sBV eQμaHza smuløbna .

Pik¡úenaH eQμaHza GñkmankareZVImuxCUrCaRbRktI . Pav;énPikú¡Gñk

manBaküGZib|ayza karniyaycg KW niyaysg¡újxøaMgy¨agenH

mankareZVImuxCUrCaRbRktI

Pav;CaGñkmankareZVImuxCUr

za ²mñaló:sk nig ó:sikaTaMgLay enAeBlmun kñúgevla

CaRbRktI . karjúaMgTaykoPan´PaMg eQμaHza kuhna . kar

dUecñH BYkGñkTaMgLayEtgoTanzμIç «LÚvenH BYkGñkminoeTß/³

kuhayna . Pav;énbuK<lGñkman

dUecñH rhUtTal´EtBYkTayk TTYlBaküza ²bBiRtelakm©as´ d*

RbRBwtþie:kR:s

eQμaHza

eQμaHza

cMerIn

karRbRBwtþie:kR:s eQμaHza kuhittþM .

eyIgTaMgLaynwgRbeKnç

Okas³ dUecñHCaedIm

‘lbnanieTÞs’ ‘20’ Kb|IRCabesckþIvinic©&y kñúglbnanieTÞsdUcteTAenH .

eT[t

EteyIgTaMgLay

BMuTan´:nnUv

eQμaHza ónñha ‘niyaycgTuk’ .

mYy

Pik¡ú eXIjó:skkan´GMeBA k*sYrza ²Enó:sk Gñkyk

karEdlPik¡úeXIjmnusSTaMgLaymkkan´vtþehIy niyayrYsray

GMeBABINamk/³ . ó:skTUlza ²bBiRtelakm©as´d*cMerIn yk

muunPøam y¨agenH za ²mñalGñkTaMgLay GñkTaMgLaymkehIy

GMBIcMkarGMeBA³ .

edIm|IRbeyaCn¾GVI/ mkedIm|InimnþPik¡úTaMgLayß/ zaebImankic©kar

EpÁmß/³ .

y¨agenHç GñkTaMgLaycUreTAcuH Gatμa nwgnaMPik¡úTaMgLayeTA tam

m©as´qan´eTIbdwg³ .

eRkay³ dUecñH eQμaHza lbna .

Lay karniyayR:b´za GñkTaMgLay cUronUvGMeBAdUecñH min

ehIyniyayrYsray

mYyeT[t karEdlPik¡úGYtxøÜn

begÁancUlmkkan´xøÜn

y¨agenHza

²Gatμa

eQμaHtisS;ç RBHraCa RTg´RCHzøacMeBaHGatμaç mhamatü rbs´RBH raCa ÉeNaHpg> RCHzøacMeBaHGatμa³ dUecñH eQμaHza Galbna .

Pik¡ú sYrza ²GMeBA kúñgcMkarenaH manrsCat

ó:skTUlza ²bBiRtelakm©as´d*cMerIn luHEtelak

smKYrdl´Pik¡úeT³ . sarEbbenHÉNaç

Pik¡úeBalza ²mñaló:sk nigó:sikaTaMg

vacaniyaycgeCIg rbs´Pik¡úGñkniyayedaH vacaEdlniyaycgeCIgEbbenaH

eQμaHza

ónñhna . karniyaycgeCIgehIycgeT[tedaycMENksBVRKb´

karEdlPik¡úRtUvTayksYrehIy eBalrYsray manRbkardUc:n

eQμaHza smunñhna .

eBalehIyn@uHÉg eQμaHza lbna .

elIk y¨agenHza ²RtkUlenaH s<al´Gatμac|as´Nas´ ebIeTyü-

karEdlKhbtITaMgLay

karEdlPik¡úP&yxøac kñúg

nwgekIten]yNayehIy

niyayrYs

Zm( ekIteLIg kñúgTIenaH RtkUlenaH nwgRbeKndl´Gatμaminxan³

ray ebIkOkaso edayRbéB eQμaHza sløbna ‘niyayyk

dUecñH

citþeK’ .

cgÁúlR:b´ .

karniyayeZVIoeKx¬s´eLIg y¨agenHza ²mhakudum¬Ik¾ç

bTza ²ók,abna³ esckþIza karniyay

eQμaHza

ók,abna . manBaküGZib|ayza CaGñkniyay

kñúgbTza ²ók,abna³ enH bNÐitKb|IeBaler]gnag


visuTÆimK< ERb etlknÞrika .

59

cMENkkarniyaybeJ¢arer]y> edaycMENk

sBVRKb´ eQμaHza smuk,abna .

karminrmilemIlnUvBaküsm

60

sIlnieTÞs

²GñkTaMgLay:nxaTnIy;ß/³ dUecñHCaedIm eQμaHza nimitþkmμ . karniyayRbkbRBmedaybc©&y

eQμaHza OPaesa ‘karniyay

KYrdl´esckþIBitRtg´ ß smKYrdl´Zm(ehIy niyayer]y> eZVI

bJäitbeJä{g’ . karEdlPik¡úeXIjBYkekμgXValkUneKaehIy sYr

oeKRsLaj´Etb¨ueNÑaH eQμaHza PaBénPik¡úGñkeBalnUvBakücak´

za ²kUneKaTaMgenH CakUneKae¶TwkedaHRss´ ß ßza CakUneKa

beNþay .

karRbRBwtþibnÞabxøÜn karRbRBwtþitm,l´xøÜn xageRkam>

eQμaHza PaBénPik¡úGñkRbRBwtþbnÞabxøÜn . PaBénPik¡úGñkmanvaca esμI edaysmøsENþk:y eQμaHza

muK<sUbta . eRb[bdUcCa

e¶xøaj´/³ dUecñHç kalebIBYkekμgTaMgenaH eBalza ²bBiRtelak m©as´

kUneKae¶TwkedaHRss´³

dUecñHç ehIyk*eZVInUvOPas eday

n&yCaGaTi¾ y¨agenHza ²kUneKaTaMgenH minEmnCakUneKae¶TwkedaH

sENþk:yEdlbuK<lcMGinç sENþk:yxøHminqÁineTç EtEdl

Rss´eTç ebIsinCakUneKaTaMgLay e¶TwkedaHRss´EmnenaHç BYk

esssl´qÁin y¨agNa kñúgBakürbs´buK<lNa BaküBit man

Pik¡ú Kb|I:nTwkedaHRss´xøH³ rhUtdl´BYkekμgTaMgenaH eTAR:b´

RtwmEtbnþicbnþÜcb¨ueNÑaHÉg .

dl´matabita oRbeKnTwkedaHRss´ ‘dl´xøÜn’ CaedIm eQμaHza

y¨agenaHEdrç

Baküd*ess CaBaküeLHeLaH k*

buK<lenH elakoeQμaHza buK<leRb[bdUcCasmø

sENþk:y .

Pav;énbuK<ldUcCasmøsENþk:yenaH eQμaH

za muK<sUbta .

PaBénPik¡úCaGñkbI-B nUvTark énRtkUl eQμaH

za :riPdüta .

GZib|ayza; k*Pik¡úrUbNa bI-B KWRTRTg´nUvTark

kñúgRtkUl edayceg,HkþI eday-k kþI dUcCaemnMç GMeBIénkarbI-B rbs´Pik¡úenaH eQμaHza :riPdüM .

Pav;énPik¡úCaGñkbI-B nUvTark

kñúgRtkUl eQμaHza :riPdüta y¨agdUecñHÉg .

OPaskmμ . karniyayxSwbexS{veZVICit> eQμaHza karxSwbexS{v kúñgTICit . Éer]gPik¡úCaCItun bNÐitKb|IsEmþgkñúgbTenH . :n»mkza

Pik¡úGñkcUleTAkan´RtkUl

eTAkan´pÞHehIyKg´ .

RtUvkarqan´

k*cUl

RsIempÞHeXIjPik¡úenaHehIy mincg´RbeKn

k*eBalza ²Gg,rKμaneT³ dUecñHehIy eZVIdUcCacg´naMykGg,rmk k* edIreTAkan´pÞHGñkEdlsñiTÆsñalKña .

Pik¡ú cUleTA kñúgbnÞb´ehIy

RkeLkemIleXIj nUvGMeBAenAEk|rsnÞHTVar eXIjs,rGMeBA kñúg

‘enmitþiktanieTÞs’

PaCn¾

‘21’ Kb|IRCabesckþIGZib|ay kñúgenmitþiktanieTÞs teTA .

eXIjRtIeg[tTaMgLay

kñúgkERJ©g

eXIjGg,r

kúñgqñaMg

eXIjxøaj´kúñgkÁm k*ecjmkGg<úy . RsIempÞHRtLb´mkvijR:b´

kaykmμ nig vcIkmμNamYy EdljúaMgesckþIsm<al´ kñúgkaro

za²nagx\úMmin:nGg,reT³ .

bc©&y‘dl´xøÜn’ oekItdl´CndéT eQμaHza nimitþ .

karEdlPikú¡

eXIjnimitþCamuneRscehIy dwgza ²ézáenH Pik¡anwgminsMerceT³

eXIjBYkTaykkan´xaTnIy;ehIy edIreTA eZVInimitþ

edayn&yza

dUecñH .

Pik¡úeBalza; mñaló:sika Gatμa:n

RsIempÞHsYrza ²nimitþ dUcemþceTA elakm©as´/³ .

Pikú¡


visuTÆimK< ERb

61

62

sIlnieTÞs

eBalza; Gatμa:neXIjBs´ dUcCaGMeBAEdlnagTukehIy enA

eBalelIk y¨agdUecñHza ²Ohñ@ elakTanbtI³ dUecñH eQμaHza

Ek|rsnÞHTVarç GatμakalRkeLkemIl edayKitza ²Gatμanwgvay

óek¡bna . karniyayelIk edayRbéB y¨agenHza ²Ohñ@ elak

Bs´enaH³ dUecñH k*:neXIjBBardUcCaRtIeg[t EdlnagTukehIy

mhaTanbtI³ eQμaHza smuek¡bna .

kúñgkERJ©gEdlBs´enaH RtUvGatμavayehIyedaydMuzμ nig dMudI dUc

²CIvit rbs´GñkbriePaKBUCenH etIdUcemþceTA/³ eQμaHza xibna .

CaduMs,rGMeBAEdlnagTukehIy kúñgPaCn¾eZVIehIy :neXIjeZμj énBs´enaH Edlcg´cwkdMudIenaH dUcCaGg,rEdlenA kñúgqñaMgç :n eXIjTwkmat´layedayBis

EdlecjGMBImat´

rbs´Bs´enaH

EdlxwgehIy R:kddUcCaxøaj´ EdlnagTukdak´ehIy kúñgkÁm³ . RsIempÞH Kitza ²Gj minGacbeJäatsmN;RtegalenH:neT³ dUecñH k*RbeKnGMeBA daM:y :nRbeKnehIy RBmTaMgxøaj´ç s,r GMeBA nig RtI y¨agdUecñHÉg .

karxSwbexS{veZVIsMeLg kñúgTICit

y¨agenH Kb|IRCabza ²karxSwbexS{vkúñgTICit³ dUecñH . karniyay RtLb´RtLin eZVIy¨agNa oEt:nnUvbc©&y eQμaHza brikza .

‘22’

Kb|IRCabvinicä&y

kñúgnieb|siktanieTÞs

dUcteTA

kareCr edayeCr 10 y¨ag eQμaHza Gekasna . RKbsg,t´

eQμaHza

vmÖna .

Krhna .

.

karniyay

karelIkeLIgnUveTas edayn&y

za ²GñkenH CaGñkminmansTÆa minRCHzøa³ dUecñHCaedIm

eQμaHza

kareBalelIk edayvacaza ²GñkTaMgLay kMuniyay

y¨agenH kñúgRtkUlenH³ eQμaHza óek¡bna .

karniyaycMGkxøaMg> edayviess y¨agenHza ²CnNa onUv Baküza; minmandl´BYkCnTaMgBYg Gs´kalCanic©ç GñkTaMgLay eBalnUvCnenaH za; minEmnCaTayk y¨agdUcemþcekIt³ eQμaHza

sg¡ibna .

karjúaMgTayk odl´nUvPaBminEmnCaTayk ß o

xUcekrþi¾eQμaH eQμaHza :bna .

karjúaMgTayk odl´eday

cMENksBVRKb´ eQμaHza sm|abna .

karnaMeTas GMBIpÞHeTA

kan´pÞH GMBIRsukeTAkan´Rsuk GMBICnbTeTAkan´CnbT edayKit za ²buK<lenH nwgoTandl´GatμaGj eRBaHP&yGMBIeTas y¨ag enH³ eQμaHza GvNÑharika .

‘nieb|siktanieTÞs’

karniyaycMGky¨agenHza

mux ehIyeBaleTas eRBaHvacan@uH

kareBalBaküBIeraH kúñgTIcMeBaH

kñúgTIkM:Mgmux

CavacaeRb[bdUcCa

eQμaHza brbidðimMsikta .

kalebIbuK<lminGac

edIm|Inwg

RkeLkemIlocMmux:n TMBasIunUvsac´xñg rbs´CnTaMgLay kñúg TIkM:Mgmux

eRBaHehtuenaH

eTIbRBHmanRBHPaK

RTg´Rtas´za

²brbidðimMsikta³ . Baküza ²GyM vuc©ti nieb|sikta³ esckþIza vacaenHkin KWCUtnUvKuNrbs´CndéT dUcCabuK<lCUtnUvxøaj´eday

karniyayelIk

bnÞHb\sSI eRBaHehtuNaç eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´

edayvaca eZVIoRbkbedayvtæú edayehtu edaycMENksBVRKb´

Rtas´ehAza eQμaHza ²nieb|sikta³ dUecñHç mü¨agvijeT[t vaca

eQμaHza smuek¡bna .

mü¨ageT[t kareXIjTayk minoehIy

n@uH CavacakinkMeTc

KWlMGitnUvKuN rbs´CndéT EsVgrknUvlaP


visuTÆimK< ERb eRb[bdUcCabuK<l

kinKnÆCatehIy

63

EsVgrknUvkøin

y¨agdUecñaH

64

sIlnieTÞs

ciJ©wmCIvit edaykarciJ©wmCIvitxus edaytircäanviC¢a mansPaB

eRBaHehtuNaç eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbRBHmanRBHPaK Rtas´ehAza

EbbenH .

eQμaHza ²nieb|sikta³ dUecñHÉg .

TaynUvnimitþç

‘laePn laPM niC¢iKwsntanieTÞs’ ‘23’ Kb|IRCabGtæaZib|ay

kñúgnieTÞs

énkarEsVgrklaP

bTza ²GmuRt³

KWkñúgpÞH

esckþIR:zña eQμaHza Édði . karEsVgrk eQμaHza

ÉeNaH .

karTaynUvót|at

TaynUvsubinç

edaylaP dUcteTA . karEsVgrk eQμaHza niC¢iKwsnta . bTza

²«eta lTÆM³ KW:nehIyGMBIpÞHenH .

tircäanviC¢aenH KWGVIxøH/ .

Kevdði . karEsVgrker]y> eQμaHza brieydði . k*kñúgnieTÞsenH

karTaylk¡N;ç

KW karTayGvyv;ç kar

‘karZøak´cuHkñúgehtuZM>’ç

kar

karTaysMBt´EdlRtUvkNþúr

kat´ç karbUCaePøIgç karbUCaEvk³ dUecñHCaedImpg . karciJ©wmCIvitxus

EdlRbRBwtþeTA

RbRBwtþielμIssik¡abTTaMg 6

edayGMNacénkiriya

EdlRBHd*manRBHPaK

RTg´bJ¦tþ

ehIy eRBaHGaCIv;Caehtu TaMgenHkþI edayGMNacén:bZm(TaMg LaymanCaGaTi¾

y¨agdUecñH

KW kuhnaç

lbnaç

enmitþiktaç

bNÐitKb|IsEmþger]gPik¡ú GñkoPik¡aEdlxøÜn:nehIy> taMgEtBI

nieb|siktaç laePn laPM niC¢iKwsnta TaMgenHkþI ÉNaç karev[r

edImmk dl´BYkTark kúñgRtkUl kñúgpÞHenaH> luH:nbbrlay

cakmicäaCIv; manRbkarRKb´y¨ag ÉNaç

TwkedaHRss´ehIyeTA .

BaküTaMgLay manBaküza ²Ésna³

CaedIm CaBaküpøas´bþÚrKña énBaküTaMgLay manBaküza Édði Ca edImenHÉg . TaMgenHza;

eRBaHehtuenaH bNÐit Kb|IRCabkarRbkb kñúgbT

bTza

Édði KW Ésnaç

bTza

Kevdði KW Kevsnaç

bTza brieydði KW brieysna y¨agenHÉg .

enH KWCaesckþI

karev[rcakkiriya ciJ©wm

CIvitxusenH eQμaHza GaCIv:risuTÆisIl y¨agenHÉg . esckþIénBakü kñúgGaCIv:risuTÆisIlenaH mandUcteTAenH . CnTaMgLay GaRs&ynUvsPaBenH rs´enA ehtuenaH sPaBenaH eQμaHza GaCIv; . sPaBenaHKWGVI/ . sPaBenaHKÅesckþIBüayam kñúgkarEsVgrknUvbc©&y .

esckþIbrisuTÆi eQμaHza :risuTÆi .

esckþIbrisuTÆiénGaCIv; eQμaHza GaCIv:risuTÆi .

GZib|ayén:bZm(TaMgLay mankuhna CaedIm .

²ÉvmaTInJ© :bZmμanM³ dUecñH

‘25’ Ébc©ysnñisSitsIl EdlRBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´

bNÐit Kb|IRCabkarkan´yk nUv:bZm(TaMgLayd*eRcIn EdlRBH

ehIy kúñglMdab´énGaCIv:risuTÆisIlenaHÉNaç bNÐit Kb|IRCab

d*manRBHPaK

GtæaZib|ay kúñgbc©ysnñisSitsIlenaH

‘24’

«LÚvenH

kñúgbTza

RTg´Rtas´ehIy

kñúgRBhμCalsURt

edayn&yza

²mü¨ageT[t dUcCaBYksmNRBahμN¾d*cMerIn BYkxøH qan´nUvePaCn EdlTaykoehIy

edaysTÆaç smNRBahμN¾TaMgLayenaH

dUcteTAenH .

Baküza ²BicarNaedayó:y³ esckþIza BicarNa KW dwg eXIjc|as´ edayó:y KWeday‘RtUv’pøÚv .

k*karBicarNaEdl


visuTÆimK< ERb

65

66

sIlnieTÞs

RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ehIy edayn&yza ²edIm|IkarBar nUv

za DMs; .

RtCak´³ dUecñHCaedIm Kb|IRCabza ²BicarNa edayó:y³ kñúg

Edr . mUsn@uHÉg eQμaHza mks; . xül´TaMgLayepSgeday

bc©ysnñisSitsIlenH .

bNþabTTaMgenaH bTza ²cIvr³ :n

dl´ brik¡arTaMgLay mans|g´CaedIm brik¡arNamYy . bTza

²esB³ :ndl´eRbIR:s´ KWesø{k ß XøMú .

Baküza ²yaveTv³

CaBaküniymkarkMNt´ nUvextþEdnénRbeyaCn¾ .

EmnBit kñúg

kiriyaesBnUvcIvr rbs´RBHeyaKImanRbmaNb¨ueNÑHÉgç enHKWGVI/ RbeyaCn¾za

²edIm|IkarBar nUvRtCak´³

dUecñHCaedIm

minEmnéRk

ElgCagenHeT . Baküza ²RtCak´³ :ndl´ nUvRtCak´NamYy

BYkGacarüxøH eBalza ²ruyk|alex[v³ dUecñH k*man

xül´manxül´RbkbedayZUlI nig xül´minmanZUlICaedIm eQμaH za xül´ .

kMedAénRBHGaTitü eQμaHza Gatab; .

stVEdlvar

lUn eTA:nRKb´y¨ag :ndl´ stVEdlmanxøÜnEvg manBs´ Ca edIm eQμaHza sirwsb; .

smösSénstVTaMgLay manBs´Ca

edImenaH man 2 y¨ag KWsmösSEdlBs´enaHcwk1ç smösSEdl Bs´enaHBal´RtUv1 . smösSenaHÉg mineb[teb[nPik¡ú EdlXøúM cIvrehIy Gg<úyeT .

eRBaHehtuenaH kñúgTITaMgLay mansPaB

EdlekIteLIgehIy edayGMNacénkarkMerIknUvZatu xagkñúg ßk*

EbbenaH Pik¡úeRbIR:s´cIvr edIm|IkarBarnUvsmösSTaMg2 y¨agenaH.

edayGMNacénkarERbRbYlnUvrdUvxageRkA . Baküza ²edIm|Ikar

kareBalBaküza ²yaveTv³ enHmþgeT[t edIm|IsEmþgnUvkarkMNt´

Bar³ KWedIm|IkMcat´bg´ . KWedIm|IbenÞabg´nUvRtCak´enaH edayviZI EdlvaminjúaMgGaBaZoekIteLIg kñúgsrIr;:n . eRBaHza kal ebIsrIr; RtUvesckþIRtCak´eb[teb[nehIyç Pik¡ú mancitþraymay minGactm,l´nUvesckþIBüayam edayó:y:neLIy eRBaHehtu enaH eTIbRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´GnuJ¦atza ²Pik¡ú RtUvEteRbIR:s´cIvr edIm|IkarBarnUvRtCak´³ . TaMgBYg .

n&yenH bNÐit Kb|IRCabkñúgRbeyaCn¾

eRBaHza kñúgGZikarenH RKb´RKan´ehIy .

²nUvkMedA³ KÅ nUvkMedAénePøIg .

bTza

cMENkkarekItRBm énkMedAenaH

bNÐit Kb|IRCab kúñgkMedATaMgLay mankMedAePøIgéRBCaedIm . ÉesckþIvinicä&y

kñúgbTza

²DMsmksvatatbsirwsbsmösSanM³

enH bNÐitKb|IRCab dUcteTA .

re:m nig ruyTaMgLay eQμaH

nUvextþEdn énRbeyaCn¾EdleT[gTat´ .

tamBit karbiT:Mg

Gvyv;

CaehtujúaMgesckþIxμasokMerIk

Tat´ .

CYnkalRbeyaCn¾TaMgLayeRkABIenH mankñúgkalxøH .

kñúgbTza

CaRbeyaCn¾EdleT[g

²hiriekabinb|dicäaTnM³ enaH bTza ²hiriekabinM³ KW

TIcegÁ{tenaH> .

EmnBit kalebIGvyv;Na> KWPik¡úebIkç hiri

rEmgkMerIk KWrEmgvinasç Gvyv;enaH> RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´ za ²hiriekabinM³ dUecñH eRBaHCaTIjúaMgesckþIxμasokMerIk. cMENk esckþIénBaküza ²edIm|IbiT:MgnUvGvyv;CaeRK]gjúaMgesckþIxμas okMerIk³ enaH KWedIm|IbiT:MgnUvGvyv; CaeRK]gjúaMgesckþIxμas okMerIk .

:f; za ²hiriekabinM bdicäaTntæM³ dUecñH k*manEdr .

‘26’ Baküza ²biNÐ:t³ KÅ GaharNamYy .

eRBaHza


visuTÆimK< ERb

67

68

sIlnieTÞs

GaharNamYy RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ za ²biNÐ:t³ eRBaH

énsMeyaCn;rbs´CndéTpg .

GaharenaHZøak´cuHehIy kñúg:Rtrbs´Pik¡ú edayPaBCadMu .

müa¨g

RbtibtþiEdlminEmnCaó:yénR:C\a niig karlHbg´nUvkamsux-

eT[t karZøak´cuHéndMu:yTaMgLay GZib|ayza karRbCMu KWkar

løikanueyaK k*RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ehIy eday 4 bTenH

RbmUlpþMúénPik¡aTaMgLay EdlPik¡ú:nehIy kñúgTIenaH> eQμaHza

Edr .

biNÐ:t .

bTza ²env Tvay³ KW minEmnedIm|Ielg dUcCaekμg

GñkRsukCaedImeT .

GZib|ayza

esckþIsm<al´ kñúgkarelg .

bTza ²n mTay³ KW edIm|IesckþImYem¨A dUcCaGñkcM:b´ nig Gñk Rbdal´CaedImk*eT .

GZib|ayza esckþIsm<al´ edayesckþI

RsvwgeRBaHkmøaMg nig esckþIsm<al´ edayesckþIRsvwgrbs´kUn Rbus .

bTza ²n mNÐnay³ KW edIm|IRbdab´tak´Etg dUcBYkRsI

kñúgburI nig BYkRsIeBsüaCaedImk*eT. GZib|ayza esckþIsm<al´ nUvPav;énkarbeJ©jGvyv;tUc-ZMTaMgLay .

bTza ²n viPU-

mYyeT[t

karlHbg´nUvesckþI

bTza ²yaveTv³ KWmanesckþIGZib|ay dUc:neBalmk

ehIyn@uHÉg . bTza ²«msS kaysS³ KW énrUbkayEdlRbkb bTza ²fitiya³ KWedIm|IfitenACab´

edaymhaPUtrUb 4 enH . teTA .

bTza ²yabnay³ KWedIm|Iminkat´pþac´énkarRbRBwtþieTA ß

edIm|IfitenA Gs´kald*yUr .

EmnBit Pik¡úenH esBnUvbiNÐ:t

edIm|IkartaMgenAénkay nig edIm|IjúaMgCIviti®nÞIy¾ oRbRBwtþeTA dUc Cam©as´énpÞHEdlcas´´ eRbIRTnl´Tl´RTnUvpÞH nig dUcCaGñkreTH eRbIxøaj´sRmab´labePøAreTHdUecñaHç

minEmnedIm|Ielgç

Rsvwgç edIm|Itak´Etg nigsÁitsÁageT .

edIm|I

mü¨agvijeT[t Kb|IRCab

snay³ KW edIm|IsÁitsÁag dUcCaGñkr:M nig GñkraMCaedIm k*eT .

za; Baküza ²fiti³ enH KWCaeQμaH rbs´CIviti®nÞIy¾ eRBaHehtuenaH

GZib|ayza sm<al´nUvPav;énEs|kpUrpg´ . mYyvijeT[t bNÐit

edayBakümanRbmaNb¨ueNÑH za ²«msS

kaysSfitiya ya-

Kb|IRCabza bNþabTTaMg 4 enaH bTza ²env Tvay³ enH RBH

bnay³ dUecñH eTIbmanBaküGZib|ayza ²edIm|IjúaMgCIviti®nIÞy¾ én

d*manRBHPaK Rtas´ehIy edIm|IlHbg´nUvóbnisS&yénemah; .

kayenH oRbRBwtþeTA³ dUecñH .

bTza ²n mTay³ enH RBHGg<Rtas´ehIy edIm|IlHbg´óbnisS&y éneTas; .

2 bTza ²n mNÐnay n viPUsnay³ enH RTg´

Rtas´ehIy edIm|IlHbg´nUvóbnisS&yénraK; . za ²env Tvay n mTay³ enH

mYyeT[t 2 bT

RTg´Rtas´ehIy edIm|IhamXat´

nUvkarekIteLIgénsMeyaCn;rbs´xøÜn .

2 bTza ²n mNÐnay

n viPUsnay³ enHRTg´Rtas´ehIy edIm|IhamXat´nUvkarekIteLIg

²vihwsubrtiya³

bTza

manvinicä&yza

eQμaHza vihwsa eRBaHGtæza eZVIomanCmáWç nUvbiNÐ:t

EmnBit Pik¡úenHesB

edIm|Irmáab´nUvesckþIeRskXøanenaH

mandMe¶labzñaMrkSadMe¶

nig

esckþIeRskXøan

dUcCabuK<lGñk

dUcCabuK<lGñkmanCmáW

kalebI

ekItmanGakar;ekþA nig RtCak´CaedIm k*elbzñaMbM:t´Gakar;enaH dUecñaH .

bTza ²RBhμcriya nuK<hay³

KW edIm|IGnueRKaH dl´


visuTÆimK< ERb

69

sasnRBhμcriy;TaMgGs´ nig mK<RBhμcriy;pg .

70

sIlnieTÞs

EmnBit

RbmaN eQμaHza rEmgkMcat´bg´ nUvevTnacas´enaH:npg nig

Pik¡úenH kalGaRs&ykmøaMgkay eRBaHkaresBbiNÐ:tCabc©&y

evTnaenHNa EdlelakehAza ²evTnazμI³ eRBaHGaRs&ykarsnSM

RbtibtþiedIm|IknøgnUvpøÚvqáayKWPB edayGMNacénkarRbkber]y>

kmμ KWkarbriePaKminRtwmRtUv EdlxøÜneZVIehIy kñúgkal«LÚvenH

kñúgéRtsik¡a eQμaHza esB ‘nUvbiNÐ:t’ edIm|IGnueRKaH dl´

ekIteLIgteTAç GatμaGj kaljúaMgedImehtuénevTnazμI minoekIt

RBhμcriy; dUcCaKUPriyasVamI EdlmanesckþIRtUvkar edIm|Iqøg

eLIg edayGMNackarbriePaKd*smKYr eQμaHza minjúaMgevTnazμI

pøÚvqáay briePaKsac´kUnç dUcCabuK<lEdlmanesckþIRtUvkaredIm|I

enaH oekIteLIgpg³ dUecñH .

qøgTwksÞwgGaRs&yEp

lHGtþkilmzanueyaK nig karminlHbg´nUvesckþIsuxEdlRbkb

nig

bIdUcCabuK<lEdlmanesckþIRtUvkar

edIm|IqøgsmuRT GaRs&ynUvnava y¨agdUecñaHÉg .

edayZm( Kb|IRCabza RBHmanRBHPaK sEmþgehIy eday:f;

Baküza ²«ti buraNJ© evTnM bdihg¡ami nvJ© evTnM n

ób|aeTsSami³ manesckþIGZib|ayza;

k*karrYbrYmkarbriePaKd*smKYYr kar

Pik¡ú Kitza ²edayRbkar

2 y¨agenHÉg . Baküza

²yaRta c em PvisSti³

esckþIza ;

Pik¡ú Kit za

KWedaykaresB nUvbiNÐ:tenH GatμaGj nwgkMcat´bg´

²k*edaykarbriePaKEdlsmKYr kareTA eBalKWkareZVIdMeNIr Gs´

nUvevTnacas´ EdlekItBIesckþIeRskXøanpg nwgminjúaMgevTna

kald*yUr eRBaHminmanesckþIRkvl´Rkvay EdlCaTIcUleTAkat´

zμI EdlmankarbriePaK hYsRbmaNCabc©&y oekIteLIgpg dUc

pþac´ nUvCIviti®nÞIy¾ ß EdlCaTIkac´bM:k´ nUv«riyabz nwgmandl´

CabNþaRBahμN¾

GlMsadk;ç

GatμaGjç mYyeT[t nwgmandl´ragkayrbs´GatμaGjEdlman

eQμaH ttævdþk;ç eQμaH kakmask;ç eQμaH Putþvmitk;ç RBahμN¾

karRbRBwtþieTAmindac´edaybc©&yenHpg³ ehIyesB‘nUvbiNÐ:t’

NamYy³ dUecñHehIy esB ‘nUvbiNÐ:t’ eRb[bdUcCamnusSman

eRb[bdUcCabuK<lEdlmaneraK

CmáW eRbIR:s´zñaM y¨agenaHÉg³ dUecñH .

dUecñaHÉg .

y¨agenH

eQμaH

Gahrhtæk;ç

eQμaH

n&ymYyeT[t Kb|IRCab

eRbIR:s´nUvzñaMsRmab´EkeraKenaH

GtæaZib|ay kñúgBaküenHza; evTnaNa EdlelakehAza ²evTna

2 bTza ²GnvC¢ta c pasuvihaera c³ esckþIza Pik¡ú Kitza

cas´³ eRBaHGaRs&ykarbriePaKnUvrbs´EdlminCaTIsb|ay nig

²karminmaneTas nwgman dl´GatμaGj edaykarev[rcaknUvkar

briePaKhYsRbmaN kñúgbc©úb|nñ ekIteLIgedayGMNacénkmμcas´ Cabc©&yç GatμaGj kaljúaMgbc©&yénevTnacas´enaH ovinas eTA edaykarbriePaKGahar EdlCaTIsb|ay nig briePaKEtlμm

EsVgrkç

karTTYl

nig

karbriePaKminsmKYr

nig

karenAsux

sb|ay nwgmandl´GatμaGj edaykarbriePaKd*smKYr³ dUecñH . n&ymYyeT[tza ²karminmaneTas edayPav; minmaneTasepSg>


visuTÆimK< ERb

71

72

sIlnieTÞs

dUcCakarmineRtkGrç karx¢ilRcGUsç kiriyamitBt´ ‘EGnGn’ nig

kñúgTINa>ç KÅviharkþI TITaMgLaymanbgØaCaedImkþIç TIenaH> eQμaH

kartiHed[lGMBIviJ¦ÚCnCaedIm

za esn;ç

eRBaHbriePaKrbs´minCaTIsb|ay

Pik¡úGg<úy KWKg´sRmak kñúgTINa>ç TIenaH> eQμaHza

nig briePaKhYsRbmaNCabc©&y nwgman dl´GatμaGj nig kar

Gasn;ç

enACasuxsb|ay edaymankmøaMgkaymaMmYn eRBaHbriePaKGahar

za ²esnasn;³ .

2 bTza ²ótubrisSyvienaTnM

EdlCaTIsb|ay nig briePaKGaharEtlμmsmKYrCabc©&y nwg

naramtæM³

rdUvhñwgÉg

mandl´GatμaGj³ dUecñHxøH . n&ymYyeT[t za ²karminmaneTas

ekItGMBIrdUv

eRBaHkarlHbg´nUvesckþIsux kñúgkaredk esckþIsux kñúgkarEpÁk

edIm|IbenÞabg´nUvesckþIGnþrayEdlekItBIrdUvpg edIm|IkareRtkGr

eRTt nig esckþIsux kñúgkarguyegakgk´ nwgman dl´GatμaGj

TUeTA kñúgTICaTIeKcecjGMBIBYkpg .

edaykarev[rcakkarbriePaKtamcMNg´ rhUtdl´EqÁte:¨geBaH nig

²rdUvNa EdlminCaTIsb|ay eZVInUvesckþIeb[teb[n nig esckþI

karenACasuxsb|ay eRBaH«riyabzTaMg 4 manclnaRbRBwtþeTA

raymayéncitþ Pik¡ú RtUvEtbenÞabg´ edaykaresBnUvesnasn;

smRbkb nwgman dl´GatμaGj edaykarbriePaKGahar bnæy

edIm|IbenÞabg´ nUvrdUvenaHpg edIm|IesckþIsux énPav;rbs´buK<l

mkRtwmEt 4ç 5 BMnUt³ dUecñHxøH k*man ehIyesB‘nUvbiNÐ:t’ .

Etmñak´Égpg³ .

smdUcCaRBHtRmas´ EdlRBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ za ;

Pik¡ú CaRBHeyaKI Kb|IElgqan´ nUvBMnUtTaMgLay 4ç 5 BMnUt ehIypwkTwkç karbriePaKEtb¨ueNÑH lμm RKb´RKan´ehIy edIm|IkarenACasuxsb|ay dl´Pik¡ú EdlmancitþbJ¢ÚneTAehIykan´smaZi . karkMNt´nUvRbeyaCn¾pg

esckþIza

eRBaHGtæza

ehAza

eb[teb[nç

bdisløa-

esckþIGnþray Edl

‘Pik¡ú

esBnUvesnasn;’

dUcmanesckþIGZib|ayza

EmnBit karbenÞabg´nUvesckþIGnþrayEdlekIt

BIrdUv RBHmanRBHPaK Rtas´ehIyhñwgÉg edayBaküza ²edIm|I karBarnUvRtCak´³ dUecñHCaedIm k*BitEmnehIy b¨uEnþza bNÐit Kb|I RCabza ²RBHGg<Rtas´BaküenH kñúgkaresBnUUvesnasn;enHeT[t eRBaHsMedAykkarbenÞabg´ nUvesckþIGnþray EdlekItGMBIrdUv d* eT[g

eRb[bdUcCaBaküEdlRBHGg<RTg´Rtas´ kñúgkaresBnUvcIBr

za ²karbiT:MgnUvGvyv; EdljúaMgesckþIeG[nxμas okeRmIk

kiriyaRbtibtþiCakNþalpg Kb|I

RCabza ; RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´sEmþgehIy eday:f;RtwmEt 3 bTenHÉg . ‘27’ TIedk nig TIGg<úy eQμaHza esnasn; .

eRBaHrYmBaküTaMg 2 enaH cUlCamYyKña eTIbelakehA

CaRbeyaCn¾eT[gç

RbeyaCn¾TaMgLayÉeT[t rEmgman kñúgkal

xøH³ y¨agenaHÉg . mYyvijeT[t rdUv manRbkarEdlelakeBalehIyenH k*KÅ

k*Pik¡ú sig

rdUvhñwgÉg .

ÉesckþIGnþray man 2 y¨ag

KW esckþIGnþray


visuTÆimK< ERb

73

EdlR:kdc|as´1 esckþIGnþrayEdlbiT:Mg1 . bNþaesckþI

74

sIlnieTÞs

edaykMEBgCaeRK]gkarBarnUvnKrTaMg 7 ³ dUecñHCaedIm .

eRK]g

manesckþI

Glg,ar Rtas´ehAza ²brik¡ar³ kñúg:lIza ²rz KWGriymK< man

GnþrayEdlekItBIstVsahav mansIh; nig xøaZM CaedIm ehAza

sIl CaeRK]gBas manQan CaePøA manesckþIBüayam Cakg´

esckþIGnþrayR:kdCak´c|as´ç

‘1’ ³ dUecñHCaedIm .

GnþrayTaMg 2

y¨agenaH

esckþIGnþrayTaMgLay

ÉesckþIGnþrayTaMgLay

man

esckþIGnþrayEdlekItGMBIraK; nig eTas;CaedIm ehAza esckþI

smÖar; k*RBHGg<Rtas´za ²brik¡ar³ kñúg:lI

za ²brik¡ar sRmab´CIvitenH NanImYy KWbBVCit RtUvEtRbmUlyk

GnþrayEdlbiT:Mg . esckþIGnþrayTaMgenaH rEmgeZVInUvkareb[t

mkedayRtwmRtUv ‘2’ ³ dUecñHCaedIm . k*kñúgbTza ²Kilanb|c©y-

eb[nmin:n edaykarminRKb´RKgCMuvijpg edaykic©mankareXIj

ePsC¢brik¡aera³ enH

rUb EdlminCaTIsb|aypg kñúgTIesnasn;Naç Pik¡ú kaldwg

ePsC¢;Cabc©&ydl´GñkCMgWenaH eQμaHza Cabrivar ‘eRK]gbiT:Mg’

ehIy y¨agdUecñH BicarNa esBnUvesnasn;enaH Kb|IRCab za

dl´CIvit:npg eRBaHrkSaCIvit minocenøaH dl´karekIteLIg én

²BicarNa edayó:yehIy eTIbesBnUvesnasn; .l. edIm|I

GaBaZEdljúaMgCIvitovinasç eQμaHza CaeRK]gKaMRTdl´CIvit:n

benÞabg´nUvesckþIGnþrayEdlekItGMBIrdUv³ dUecñH .

pg eRBaHCaeRK]gbNþaleZVIoCIvitRbRBwtþeTA :nyWnyUr ‘eT[t

‘28’

kñúgbTza

vinicä&ydUcteTA .

²Kilanb|c©yePsC¢brik¡arM³

enH

man

ePsC¢; eQμaHza bc©&y eRBaHGtæza beNþj

ecjnUveraKç GZib|ayza eRBaHGtæza CaeRK]gb®g,abnUveraK . Baküza bc©&yenH KWCaeQμaH rbs´ePsC¢; ÉNamYy EdlCaTI sb|ay .

kmμrbs´eBTü eQμaHza ePsC¢; eRBaHehtuza

énePsC¢; KWeBTüenaH GnuJ¦atþehIy . eQμaHza Kilanb|c©&yePsC¢; .

zñaMKWCabc©&y dl´GñkCMgW

GZib|ayza; kic©kar rbs´

eBTü EdlCaTIsb|ay dl´GñkCMgW NamYy s,rGMeBACaedIm .

Pav;

dUcCaeRbgç TwkXμMúç

cMENkeRK]gbrivar RBHmanRBHPaK Rtas´za

²brik¡ar³ kñúgRBH:lIza ²nKrCarbs´EdleKbiT:MglÁehIy 1–

suÇ

GMÇ

PaKTI 47 TMB&rTI 194 .

‘1’

rEmgKYrTaMgsmÖar;TaMgbrivar

.

EmnBit

pg’ eRBaHehtuenaH ePsC¢; Cabc©&ydl´GñkCMgWenaH elakehA za ²brik¡ar³ .

dUecñH ePsC¢;Cabc©&ydl´GñkCMgWenaHpg CaeRK]g

brik¡arpg eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbeQμaHza Kilanb|c©yePsC¢brik¡arç ‘Pik¡úesB’nUvKilanb|c©yePsC¢brik¡arenaH .

manBaküGZib|ay

za ²nUveRK]gKaMRTdl´CIvitmaneRbgç TwkXμúMç s,rGMeBACaedIm Edl RKUeBTüyl´RBmehIy EdlCaTIsb|ay dl´GñkCMgWNamYy³ . bTza ²ób|nñanM³ ERbza ekItehIy manehIy ekIteLIg ehIy .

kñúgbTza ²evyüaBaZikanM³ enH karkMerIkZatu eQμaHza

BüaBaZç ÉeraKTaMgLay maneraKXøg´ç eraKbUsç eraKrlkEkvCa edIm EdlmankarkMerIkZatuenaH Casmudðan eQμaHza evyüaBaZika 1– suÇ sMÇ PaKTI 37 TMB&r 12 .

2- suÇ mÇ PaKTI 20 TMB&r 395 .


visuTÆimK< ERb

75

76

sIlnieTÞs

‘CaeraKRbkbedaykareb[teb[nepSg>’ eRBaHPav;éneraKenaHekIt

CaniTsSn; kñúg:tiemak¡sMvrsIlenH .

eLIgehIyedaykareb[teb[nepSg> . evTnaEdlCaTuk¡ KWevTna

sMvrsIlenaH Pik¡úGñksmaTansik¡abT EdlRBHmanRBHPaK RTg´

evTna . nUvevTna Edl

bJ¦tþehIy y¨agNa minoesssl´edaysTÆa ehIymineZVInUv

Rbkbedaykareb[teb[nepSg>enaH. bTza ²GBüabCÄbrmtay³

karGaeLaHGal&y sUm|IkñúgCIvit RtUvEtbMeBjobribUN( eday

esckþIza edIm|ICaGñkminmanesckþITuk¡d*éRkElg .

RbéB . smdUcRBHtRmas´ EdlRBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´za ;

EdlekItGMBIGkuslvi:k

eQμaHza

GZib|ayza;

esckþITuk¡enaH ‘man’ drabNaç Pik¡ú lHbg´esckþITuk¡CakmμTaMg

bkSIRtedvviuc s)URbzuylHbg´CIvitrkSanUvBg y¨ag

Gs´ drabenaHEdr .

Na emRmwKcamrI s)URbzuylHbg´CIvit rkSanUveram

sIlEdlmankarBicarNa edayó:yénR:C\a CamunehIy

knÞúy y¨agNa kudum¬Ik¾mankUnsMLaj´EtmYy rkSa

eTIbeRbIR:s´bc©&y Calk¡N;enH bNÐit Kb|IRCabza ²eQμaHza bc©ysnñisSitsIl³ edayseg¡b y¨agdUecñH .

cMENkesckþI

²bc©ysnñisSitsIl³ enH

dUcteTAenH .

énBakü

kñúgbTza

k*stVTaMgLay

kalTTYl

GaRs&y

KÅbriePaK

ehtuenaH :tiemak¡-

nUvkUn y¨agNa bursmanEPñkm¡ag rkSanUvEPñkmYy y¨agNaç elakTaMgLay cUrrkSanUvsIl rbs´xøÜn oCaTI R sLaj´ e Bjci tþ o Nas´

eRbIR:s´nUv

cU rRbkbeday

esckþIeKarB sBV > kal ‘odUcCabkSI Rtedvvuic

bc©&yTaMgLay mancIvrCaedImenaHehIy eTIbeTA:n KW dMeNIr

rkSaBgCaedIm’ y¨agdUecñaHcuH .

eTA:n :ndl´ eTIbRbRBwtþeTA:n eRBaHehtuNa eRBaHehtuenaH ‘bc©&ymancIvrCaedImenaH’ eTIbelakehAza ²bc©&y³ . sIlNa

sUm|IRBHtRmas´déTeT[t k*RBHGg<RTg´Rtas´ehIyEdr‘za’ .

GaRs&y nUvbc©&yTaMgLayenaH eRBaHehtuenaH sIlenaH eTIb

mhasmuRT fitenACaZmμta minknøghYsRcaMgeTA:n y¨agNa

eQμaHza

bc©ysnñisSitsIl .

mijç

‘29’ Kb|IRCabsaZn; ‘ehtuoseRmc’ kñúgsIl 4 y¨ag

bBiRtmharaCRBHnambharaT;

y¨agenaHEdr

BYksavkrbs´tzaKt

minRbRBwtþknøgsik¡abTenaH

k*

EdltzaKt:nbJ¦tþ

enH dUcteTA Pik¡ú Kb|IjúaMg:tiemak¡sMvrsIl odl´RBm eday

ehIy dl´BYksavk sUm|IeRBaHehtuénCIviteLIy ‘1’ .

sTÆa . eRBaH:tiemak¡sMvrsIlenaH seRmcedaysTÆa eRBaH

esckþIGZib|ayenH Kb|IRCaber]gRBHezr;TaMgLay EdlRtUvecar

Pav;énkarbJ¦tþisik¡abT CakarknøgnUvvis&yénRBHsavk .

cgehIy kúñgdgéRB ‘CaóTahrN¾’ .

Bit

EmnehIy karRtas´hamnUvkiriyaTUlsMu oRBHGg<bJ¦tþsik¡abT

1-

suÇ GMÇ GÇ

PaKTI 48 TMB&rTI 93 .

k*kñúg


visuTÆimK< ERb

77

:n»mkza BYkecar:nykvløieRbgcgepþkRBHezr; kñúgdg

78

sIlnieTÞs

n&yza ²mñalPik¡úTaMgLay ‘1’ ck¡ú®nÞIy¾EdlPik¡úGalehIyeday

RBHezr;sigenAdEdlnu@HÉg cMerInvibsSna

bnÞHEdkEdlekþAehIy EdlePøIgeqHsBVehIy EdlePøIgeqHsenÆa

Gs´ 7 ézá k*:nseRmcRBHGnaKamipl eZVImrNkal kñúgTIenaH

senÆAehIy manGNþatePøIgEtmYy RbesIrCagç cMENkkarkan´

Ég ehIy:neTAekItkñúgRBhμelak .

yknUvnimitþ edayGnuBüJ¢n; kñúgrUbTaMgLay EdlbuK<lKb|Idwg

éRBeQμaHmhavtþni .

ecarTaMgLay:nykvløi

epam mkcgepþkRBHezr;déTeT[t kñúgtm¬bNÑiTVIb .

RBHezr;enaH

edayckú¡

minRbesIresaHeLIy³

dUecñHCaedImehIyç

kalebI

kalebIePøIgéRBraleqHmkdl´ k*minpþac´vløiesaHeLIy epþImcMerIn

viJ¦aN RbRBwtþeTAtamTVarmanckú¡TVarCaedIm kñúgGarmμN¾TaMgLay

vibsSna

ehIyk*

manrU:rmμN¾CaedImç hamXt´nUvkiriyakan´ykmankarkan´yknUv

RBHTIXPaNkGPyetær kalnimnþ eTACamYynwgPik¡ú

nimitþCaedIm EdlCapøÚv KWeTasTaMgLay manGPiCÄaCaedIm Kb|I

500 Gg< :neXIjehIy k*obUCasrIr;rbs´RBHezr;ehIy o

cUlmk:n edaysti EdlminvegVgvgVn´Pan´RcLM Kb|IeZVIo:n

sagRBHectiy ‘sMrab´bJ©úHGdðiZatu’ .

seRmc edayRsYlbYlcuH .

briniBVan .

rhUtdl´:nseRmcCaRBHGrhnþsmsIsI

eRBaHehtuenaHehIy

eRBaHza

kulbuRtGñkmansTÆadéTeT[t

kalCRmHnUv:tiemak¡ Kb|IsU)RbzuyCIvit minKb|I TMlaynUvkars®gYm kúñgsIl EdlRBHelaknaz RTg´Rtas´bJ¦tþehIy . Pikú¡Kb|Iodl´RBm

o

enAyWnyUr mintaMgenAGs´kald*yUr:neLIy eRb[bdUcCasnÞÚg EdleKmin:neZVIrbgh)umB&TÆehIy k*minGacrs´enA:nyUr y¨ag k*Pik¡ú EdlmineZVI«®nÞiysMvrsIl o:nseRmcenH

CaGñkRtUvecar KWkielsTaMgLayeb[teb[n dUcCaRsukEdlman

edaysTÆa y¨agNamijç «®nÞiysMvrsIl k*Pik¡úKb|Iodl´RBm

TVar

edaysti k*y¨agenaHEdr .

y¨agdUecñaHÉg .

EmnBit «®nÞiysMvrsIlenaH man

KWPik¡úmin:neZVI

seRmc y¨agenHehIy sUm|I:tiemak¡sMvrsIl k*CasIlminfit

dUecñaHÉg .

eRb[bóbmadUcCa:tiemak¡sMvrsIl

kalebI«®nÞiysMvrsIlenaH

ebIkcMh

k*RtUvBYkecarnaMykRTBübuK<ldéT

eb[teb[n:n

mYyeT[t raK; rEmgcak´TmøúHnUvcitþ rbs´Pik¡ú

stiCaeRK]goseRmc eRBaH«®nÞIy¾TaMgLay Edltm,l´enAs)b´

enaH dUcCatMNk´TwkePø{g elceRsacnUvpÞHEdleKRbk´min:nlÁ

lÁehIy edaysti minEmnCaRbehag EdleTasTaMgLay man

ehIy

GPiCÄaCaedIm Kb|IcUlmk:neLIy . sMvrsIlenaH

eRBaHehtudUecñaH «®nÞiy-

Pik¡úkalrlwkeXIj nUvGaTitþbriyaysURt eday

k*y¨agdUecñaHÉg .

smdUcRBHd*manRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ za ; 1- suÇ

sMÇ

PaKTI 35 TMB&rTI 384 .


visuTÆimK< ERb

79

80

Pik¡úbiTrkSalÁehIy rEmgeb[teb[nmin:n dUUcCa

Pik¡ú rkSanUv«®nÞIy¾ kñúgrUb sMeLg rs køin nig kñúg

BYkecarlYcRTBüGñkdéT

psS;TaMgLay eRBaHza TVarTaMgLayenHEdlebIk

rEmgelceRsacmin:n

ecarlYcRTBüGñkdéT eb[teb[nRsuk EdlmanTVar

EdlbuK<lGb´rMlÁehIymin:n y¨agdUecñaHEdr .

nUvpÞHEdlbuK<lRbk´:MgehIyminlÁ

min:nGb´rMehIy k*y¨agdUecñaHEdr .

k*eTsnaenH CaeTsnad*óRkidðéRkElg . ‘30’

Etza kalebI«®nÞiysMvrsIlenaH Pik¡úeZVIo:nsMercehIy

nUvpÞHEdlbuK<lRbk´:Mg

lÁehIy y¨agNamijç raK; Etgcak´TmøúH nUvcitþ

ebIkcMhecaldUecñaHEdr . tMNk´TwkePø{g rEmg y¨agNamijç raK; Etgcak´TmøúHnUvcitþ EdlbuK<l

eb[teb[nRsukEdlman

TVarbiTlÁehIymin:ndUecñaHEdr . tMNk´TwkePø{g

cMh min:nrkSaehIy rEmgeb[teb[n dUcCaBYk

elceRsac

sIlnieTÞs

ZmμtacitþenH

eRBaHehtuenaH

CaZmμCatRbRBwtþeTA y¨agqab´rh&s

«®nÞiysMvr;

Pik¡úKb|IbenÞabg´nUvraK;

sUm|I:tiemak¡sMvrsIl k*CasIlfitenAyWnyUr CasIltaMgenA

eLIgehIy

Gs´kald*yUr:n eRb[bdUcsnÞÚg EdleK:neZVIrbghu)mB&TÆ:n

RBm dUcRBHvg<Isetær GñkbYsehIy Gs´kalminyUr .

lÁehIy k*Gacrs´enA:nyUr y¨agdUecñaHÉg .

k*Pik¡ú EdleZVI

dUcCaRsukEdlmanTVar

biT:MglÁehIy

k*RtUvBYkecarnaMykRTBübuK<ldéT eb[teb[nmin:n k*y¨agdUecñaH Ég .

mYyvijeT[t raK; rEmgcak´TmøúHnUvcitþ rbs´Pik¡úenaH

min:n eRb[bdUcCatMNk´TwkePø{g elceRsacmin:nnUvpÞHEdl eKRbk´:MgCitlÁehIy y¨agdUecñaH . smdUcCaRBHtRmas´ EdlRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´ za ;

Pik¡ú rkSanUv«®nÞIy¾ kñúgrUb sMeLg rs køin nig kñúg psS;TaMgLay eRBaHza TVarTaMgLayenH Edl

nUvGsuPkmμdðan

ehIyeZVIodl´

‘er]gRBHvg<Isetær’

«®nÞiysMvrsIl o:nseRmcenH CaGñkRtUvecar KÅkielsTaMg Layeb[teb[nmin:n

edayeZVITukkñúgcitþ

EdlekIt

:n»mkza

kalRBHezr;bYsehIyGs´kalminyUr

Rtac´

eTAedIm|IbiNÐ:tç raK; ekIteLIg eRBaHeXIj®sþImñak´ . kúñgRKa enaH

elakk*:nTUldl´RBHGannÞ za ;

x\MúRBHkruNa ekþARkhayedaykamraK; citþ rbs´x\úM RBHkruNa

Etgeralral

bBiRtRBHGannÞeKatm

eKaRt dUcCax\úMRBHkruNasUmGgVrç sUmelakm©as´ emtþaR:b´nUvó:yCaeRK]grMlt´ nUvesckþIekþAeral ral edayesckþIGnueRKaHpgcuH . RBHezr; eBal za ;


visuTÆimK< ERb

81

:n»mkza RBHezr;enAGs´kalRbmaNb¨ueNÑH minZøab´ebIk

sJ¦aç cUrelakev[roRsLH nUvsuPnimitþ EdlCa

EPñkRkeLkemIlKuhaeT . cMENkxagEk|rTVarKuhaénRBHezr;enaH

ehtunaMoekItraK; cUrelakGb´rMcitþ otaMgenA:n

manedImxÞwgZMpgEdr . mhanaKRBwkSenaH k*RBHezr;minZøab´egIy

lÁ eZVIomanGarmμN¾EtmYy edayGsuPsJ¦a cUr

emIlBÆd*xagelIeLIy . RBHezr; Tal´EteXIjlMGgeksr Zøak´

elakeXIjnUvsg¡arTaMgLay edayzaCarbs´déT

elIEpndI er[gral´qñaM eTIbdwgza edImmhanaKenaHmanp,aehIy .

‘mineT[gTat´’ pg edayza CaTuk¡pg edayza min

RBHraCa RTg´RBHsNþab´ nUvKuNsm|tþi rbs´RBHezr;ehIy

EmnCarbs´xøÜnpg cUrrMlt´nUvraK;ZM oGs´eTA kMu

RBHezr;

‘1’

RTg´manRBHbMNgnwgzVaybg<M

.

Pik¡úKb|ICaGñkbMeBjnUv«®nÞiysMvr;

odUcCa

RBHcitþKutþetær GñkenAkñúgmhaKuha eQμaHkurNÐk; nig dUcCaRBH mhamitþetær GñkenAkñúgecarkmhaviharCaRbRktIpg .

:n»mkza manrUbKMnUrénGPini®s,mn¾ rbs´RBHBuTÆTaMgLay

Pik¡úeRcInrUb k*eBalza

kurNÐk; .

kalnimnþeTAkan´TIcarikénesnasn; ²bBiRtelakm©as´

BYk

eXIjrUbKMnUr

citþkmμ CaTIrIkrayéncitþ³ .

RBH

ezr; eBalza ²mñalelakd*manGayuTaMgLay kalEdlx\úMrs´ enAkúñgKuha Gs´kalCag 60 qñaM mindwgza; minmaneT .

«LÚvenH eTIbEtézáenHeT

1- suÇ sMÇ sKÇ

PaKTI 30 TMB&rTI 158 .

Gs´

cgedaHTaMgLay énBYkRsþIEdlmankUnx©I kñúgRsukenaHehIy RTg´ bJ¢aoraCGamatü Rbzab´Rtaza ²RBHezr; minTan´nimnþmk drab Naç BYkTark kMu:neLIynUvTwkedaHRss´ drabenaHEdr³ . RBHezr; :nnimnþeTAkan´RsukZMehIy edIm|IGnueRKaHdl´BYk

‘er]gRBHcitþKutþetær’

7 RBHGg< CaTImenarmü enAkñúgmhaKuhaeQμaH

eTIbRTg´bJ¢ÚnnUvRBHraCsar

var; 3 dgç kalebIRBHezr; minnimnþmkç eTIbRTg´Rtas´bJ¢aoeK

luHbenÞabg´raK;:nehIy k*Rtac´eTA edIm|IbiNÐ:t .

n&ymYyeT[t

sIlnieTÞs

eRBaHGaRs&yelakTaMgLayEdlmanckú¡³ .

citþ rbs´elak Etgeralral eRBaHvibløascak

oCaGñk KWraK;duteralraljy> eLIy

82

rUbKMnUrman ßk*

x\úMeTIbnwgdwg ‘za man’

Tark .

RBHraCa RTg´RBHsNþab´ehIy RTg´Rtas´za ²EnRbEsþg

TaMgLay! BYkGñk cUreTAnimnþoRBHezr;cUlmkcuH x\MúnwgTTYlnUv sIlTaMgLay³ ehIyRTg´Rtas´oBYkGamatü naMRBHezr;eTA xag kñúgénRBHraCvaMg RTg´zVaybg<MRBHezr;ehIy RbeKncgØan´ oRBH ezr;qan´ eTIbRtas´za ²bBiRtelakm©as´d*cMerIn ézáenH minman OkaseT x\úMRBHkuNa nwgTTYlsIlkñúgézáEsÁk³ dUecñHehIy RTg´ kan´yk:Rtrbs´RBHezr; CUneTA:nEtbnþicehIy RTg´zVaybg<M RtLb´mkvij

CamYynwgRBHnageTvI

.

RBHraCa

RTg´zVaybgM<kþI

RBHnageTvI RTg´zVaybgM<kþIç RBHezr; eBalza ²bBiRtRBHmharaC


visuTÆimK< ERb sUmRTg´manesckþIsuxcuH³ . y¨agenH .

83

ézáTaMgLay 7 :nknøgeTAehIy

Pik¡úTaMgLaysYrza; bBiRtelakm©as´d*cMerIn ehtuGVI

84

sIlnieTÞs mYyeT[t

eraKbUsRbkbedayBis

rbs´RBHmhamitþetær .

ekIteLIg

dl´mata

cMENkkUnRsIrbs´mata énRBHezr;enaH

kalEdlRBHraCazVaybg<MkþI RBHnageTvI zVaybg<MkþIç elakm©as´

k*CaGñkbYsehIy kñúgsMNak´énBYknagPik¡únI . mataenaH niyay

eBal y¨agdUecñH za ²bBiRtRBHmharaC! sUmRTg´manesckþIsux

eTAkan´nagPik¡únIenaHza ²bBiRtnagCam©as´ cUrnageTAkan´sMNak´

cuH/³ .

bg cUrR:b´za x\Múminsb|ay ehIynaMykzñaMmk³ .

RBHezr; eBalza ²mñalelakd*manGayuTaMgLay x\úM

nagPik¡únI

min:neZVInUvkarkMNt´za; RBHraCa ß RBHnageTvI y¨agdUecñHeT³

enaH:neTAR:b´ehIy .

kñúgeBlknøgeTA:n 7 ézá RtUvRBHraCa ebIkOkas onimnþeTA

manzñaMb\seQICaedImehIy cMGineZVIzñaMeTç

ehIy edayRBHtRmas´za ²karenAkúñgTIenH BitCamankarlM:k

dl´nagç x\úMbYsehIy GMBIkalNa cab´edImGMBIkalenaHmk x\Mú

dl´RBHezr;³ dUecñHehIy k*nimnþeTAkan´mhaKuha eQμaH kurNÐk;

minZøab´mancitþRbkb

ehIyeLIgkan´TIc®g,m kñúgcMENkénraRtI .

Lay

eTvta EdlGaRs&yenAelIedImxÞwg mandg .

:nQreRTalnUvRbTIb

kñúgRKaenaH kmμdðan rbs´RBHezr; :nbrisuTÆR:kd

y¨agéRkElg .

RBHezr; mancitþrIkray edayKitza ²eRBaHehtu

GVIhñ@! kñúgézáenH kmμdðan rbs´GatμaGj R:kd y¨agéRkElgemø¨H³ júMagPñMTaMgmUloxÞrxÞarehIy énmCÄimyam .

ehtuenaH

k*:nseRmcRBHGrhtþ

kñúgcenøaH

kulbuRtÉeT[t GñkR:zñaRbeyaCn¾

minKb|ICaGñkmanEPñkrlImrlam

dUcCastVsVaenA

kñúgéRB dUcCastVRmwKP\ak´epÁIl kñúgéRB nig dUcCa

kUnekμg Edlmancitþtk´søútehIypg Kb|IecalnUv

EPñkTaMgLaycuHeRkam

CaGñkmankarsMLwgemIl

RtwmEtmYyCYrnwm minKb|ICaGñkluHnUvGMNac éncitþ EdlrlImrlam dUcCastVsVaéRBeLIy .

RBHezr; eBalza ²x\MúminecHpSMzñaMepSg>

edayelaP;

Etza x\úMnwgR:b´nUvzñaM

ehIyTMlay

rmilemIlrUbEdlmancMENkminesμIKñaeTç

nUv«®nÞIy¾TaMg edaysc©vaca

enH sUmesckþIsb|ayekItman dl´matarbs´x\úMç cUrnageTA cUr eBalBaküenHehIy be:sGEgÁlsrIr;énó:sikacuH³ .

Pik¡únI

enaHeTAR:b´esckþIenaHehIy :neZVItamEdlRBHezr;R:b´ . kñúñg xN;enaHÉg eraKbUsrbs´ó:sika k*rlay:t´Gs´ehIy dUc CadMuénBBuHTwk . ó:sikaenaH eRkakeLIgehIy :nbeJ©jnUv vaca CaTIrIkraysb|aycitþ za

²ebIRBHsmμasm¬úTÆ

Kb|IRTg´RBH

ZrmanenAeLIy ehtuGVI RBHGg<nwgminRTg´be:sGEgÁl nUvRBH sir; rbs´Pik¡ú R:kddUcCakUn rbs´Gj edayRBHhsþ man bNþajd*viciRtn@uH³ dUecñH . eRBaHehtudUecñaH

sUm|IPik¡údéTeT[t GñkmanesckþIsMKal´nUvxøÜnza Ca kulbuRt bYsehIy kñúgRBHsasna Kb|IfitenA kñúg

kars®gYm«®nÞIy¾d*RbesIr odUcCaRBHmitþetærcuH .


visuTÆimK< ERb k*«RnÞiysMvr;

85

Pik¡úKb|Iodl´RBmedaysti

y¨agNamijç

86

sIlnieTÞs

eLIg d*brisuTÆ .

k*kalebIEpøsm¨EdlbuK<lRtaMehIy edayTwk

GaCIv:risuTÆi k*Pik¡ú Kb|Iodl´RBm edayvIriy; y¨agdUecñaHEdr .

mURtsÁúy nig vtæúEdlmanrsCatEpÁm 4 y¨ag ekIteLIgehIy

eRBaHza esckþIBüayam

dl´Pik¡úenaH edIm|Irmáab´nUvBüaZiNamYy karsmaTanZutg< rbs´

EdlPik¡ú:nR:rBÆehIy edayRbéB CaehtuomankarlHbg´ nUv

Pik¡úEdlKitza ²sUm|IPik¡údéT EdlCasRBhμcarI nwgqan´nUvvtæúman

micäaCIv; .

rsCatEpÁm 4 mux³ dUecñH ehIyqan´cMNit énEpøsm¨Etmü¨ag Ca

k*GaCIv:risuTÆienaH

Gensn;

eRBaHehtuenaH GaCIv:risuTÆienaH Pik¡úKb|IlHbg´nUv EdlminsmKYrehIy

EdlekIteLIg Lay

seRmcedayvIriy;

edayesckþIbrisuTÆib¨ueNÑaH

EdlekIteLIg

Gsir¬is

esBcMeBaHEtbc©&yTaMgLay ev[rcaknUvbc©&yTaMg

edayesckþIminbrisuTÆi

Kb|Iodl´RBm edaykarEsVgrk

EdleRb[bdUcCa

edayRbéB

mankar

nig minbrisuTÆTaMg 2 enaH

k*bc©&yTaMgLayEdlekIteLIgehIy dl´Pik¡úGñkmanZutg< min:n rkSaehIy GMBIsMNak´sg¹ ß GMBIKN;kþI GMBIsMNak´énRKhsæ TaMgLay EdlRCHzøaehIy edayKuNTaMgLay mankarsMEdg Zm( rbs´Pik¡úenaHkþI eQμaHza bc©&yEdlekIteLIg edayesckþI brisuTÆiç cMENkÉbc©&yTaMgLay EdlekIteLIgehIy edaykar EsVgrkTaMgLay

EdlekIteLIgehIy

k*bc©&yTaMgLay

mancIvrbc©&yCaedImenHÉNaç

kMBugCRmHnUvGaCIv;ç

k*b¨uEnþ kñúgesnasn; nimitþkmμç OPaskmμ

nig brikza rEmgsmKYr dl´Pik¡úGñkEdlmin:nrkSanUvZutg< . bNþanimitþkmμç

OPaskmμç

m©as´eZVIGVI/

GñkNa

eRbIoelakm©as´eZVI/³

enaH edayGnuelamnUvkarkMNt´Zutg<

kñúgZutg<KuN

rbs´Pik¡ú

eQμaHza bc©&yEdlekIt

nig

viJ¦tþi TaMgenaH

dUecñHç

Bakütbza

²minmanGñkNaoeZVIeT³ dUecñH rbs´Pik¡ú EdleZVInUvkic©TaMgLay

enaH’ eQμaHza nimitþkmμ .

GMBIkarEsVgrkmankiriyaRtac´eTA edIm|IbiNÐ:tCaedIm nig GMBI

brikza

kalebIBYkRKhsæ eBal za ²bBiRtelakm©as´d*cMerIn etIelak

dl´Pik¡úGñkmanZutg<rkSaehIy

sMNak´énCnTaMgLayEdlRCHzøaehIy

bNþa

bc©&yTaMgLayenaH kñúgcIvr nig biNÐ:t nimitþkmμç OPaskmμç

mankarsMGatEpndICaGaTi¾

bc©&yEdlekIteLIg edayesckþIbrisuTÆi y¨agéRkElg . bc©&y

GñktaMgenA kúñgvgSénRBHGriy;d*ótþm³ .

eQμaHza

mankiriyaRtac´eTAbiNÐ:tCaedIm

EmnBit Pik¡úrUbenH elakehAza ²Pik¡ú

brikza nig viJ¦tþiTaMgLay rEmgminsmKYr dl´Pik¡úRKb´rUbEdl

Rtac´eTAbiNÐ:tCaedIm edayesckþIBüyam . bNþabc©&yEdlekIteLIgbrisuTÆ

karsmaTand*smKYr .

edIm|Iesnasn;

eQμaHza

nimitþkmμç

mYyvijeT[t BaküÉNadéTeT[t EdlmansPaBEbbenH ‘Bakü

kalebIPik¡ú eBalza ²mñaló:sk nig ó:sikaTaMgLay GñkTaMgLayenAkñúgTINa/³ dUecñHç kalebIó:sk nig ó:sika TUlza

²enAkñúgR:saT elakm©as´³ dUecñHç BaküEdlPikú¡eBal


visuTÆimK< ERb

87

88

sIlnieTÞs ‘er]gRBHsarIbuRtmanGaBaZ’

ehIyza ²mñaló:sk nig ó:sikaTaMgLay cMENkR:saT minsmKYrdl´Pik¡úTaMgLayeT³ dUecñHç eQμaHza OPaskmμç mü¨ag

:n»mkza

elakd*manGayuenaH

cMerInbvievk

kúñgsm&y

vijeT[t BaküÉNadéTeT[t EdlmansPaBEbbenH ‘BaküenaH’

mYy CamYynwgRBHmhaemaK<løanetær enAkñúgéRBmYy .

eQμaHza OPaskmμ .

kñúgézámYy GaBaZEdlekItGMBIxül´ kñúgeBaHekIteLIgehIy dl´

BaküEdlPik¡úeBal

za

²esnasn;

énPikú¡sg¹cegÁ{t³

RBHsarIbuRtenaHjúaMgTuk¡d*éRkElgoekIteLIg . enAkñúgeBlláac

eQμaHza brikza ßk* vacaCaehtueBalNadéTeT[t mansPaB

RBHmhaemaK<løanetær

EbbenH ‘vacaCaehtueBalenaH’ eQμaHza briyaykza .

GayuenaH

BaküTaMgGs´hñwgÉg KYrkñúgePsC¢; . eLIgehIy edayRbkardUecñHç qan´minKYreT .

EtebIePsC¢; ekIt

kalebIeraK sáb´rmáab´ehIyç

Pik¡ú

kñúger]gePsC©;EdlekIteLIgy¨agenHenaH Pik¡úGñk

RKaenaH

nimnþeTAkan´TIóbdðak

eXIjRBHezr;sigehIy

rbs´elakd*man

k*sYrdMNwgenaHehIysYr za

²Enelakd*manGayu kñúgkalmunmk esckþIrIkraysb|ay ekIt manehIy dl´elak edayehtudUcemþc/³ . ²mñalelakd*manGayu

RBHezr; eBal za

kñúgkalEdlx\úMenACaRKhsæ

matax\úM:n

RTRTg´nUvRBHvin&yTaMgLay eBalza ²TVar KWRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´

onUv:yas EdlcMGinehIy edayTwkedaHRss´ > minlay

Rtas´RbTanoehIyç

edayTwk pSMedayTwkedaHzøaç TwkXμúMç nig s,rRkamTaMgLay .

eRBaHehtuenaH Pik¡úqan´ePsC¢;KYr³ dUecñH .

cMENkBYkPik¡úGñksikSaRBHsURt

eBaly¨agenHza

man ‘dl´Pik¡ú’ k*BitEmnehIyç

Etza Pik¡ú júaMgGaCIv;okeRmIkç

eRBaHehtuenaH Pik¡úqan´ePsC¢; minKYreT³ . nUvnimitþkmμç

OPaskmμç

brikza

nig

²Gabtþi

min

EtebIPik¡úNa mineZVI

viJ¦tþiTaMgLay

sUm|IRBH

manRBHPaK RTg´GnuJ¦atþehIy GaRs&ynUvKuNmankarR:zñatic CaedImEtmü¨agç

sUm|IkñúgkalCaTIGs´eTAénCIvit

ekIteLIgR:kd

esckþIsb|ay :nmanehIy

dl´x\úMeday:y:yasenaH³ .

cMENkÉ RBHmhaemaK<løanetær d*manGayuenaH eBalza ²mñal elakd*manGayu er]genaHcUrelIkTuksincuHç ebIbuNürbs´x\Mú ß rbs´elakmanç

ebIBitdUecñaHEmn eyIgnwg:n kúñgézáEsÁk³ .

cMENkeTvta EdlfitenAelIedImeQI Rtg´TIbMputénTIc®g,m k*:n»

nUvBaküeBalcrcaKñaenH

rbs´RBHezr;TaMgBIrenaHehIy

ehIyk*edayç k*eRbIR:s´nUvbc©&y EdlekIteLIgehIyEtb¨ueNÑaH

Kitza ²GjnwgjúMag:y:yas oekIteLIgdl´elakm©as´ kñúg

ev[rElgcakkmμ EdlCaehtueZVIGaCIv; okeRmIk manOPaskmμ

ézáEsÁk³ dUecñHehIy k*eTAkan´RtkUlóbdðak rbs´RBHezr; kñúg

CaedIm .

xN;enaHPøamehIy

Pik¡úrUbenH elakehAza ²GñkRbRBwtþpUrpg´éRkeBk³ dUc

CaRBHezr; eQμaHsarIbuRt y¨agenaHÉg .

mYlsrIr;

ekþARkhay oekIteLIgehIy .

rbs´kUnRbusc|g

júaMgesckþI

RKaenaH eTvtaeBalnUvnimitþ KW


visuTÆimK< ERb

89

90

sIlnieTÞs

kiriyarkSa dl´kUnRbusc|genaH nwgBYkjatiEdlmkRbCMuKña za ;

GayuenaH TaMgminjúaMgcitþ oekIteLIgza ²RBHsarIbuRt minqan´

²RbsinebIGñkTaMgLay cat´EcgnUv:y:yas mansPaBEbb

biNÐ:t EdlPik¡úR:kddUcCaGatμaGj naMykmkehIy³ dUecñHeT

enH dl´RBHezr; kñúgézáEsÁk x\úMnwgElg³ .

‘k*’kan´:Rt

eBalza

²kalebI‘karcat´Ecg:y:yas’

BYkjatiTaMgenaH KWGñkmin:nR:b´

Rtg´kNþab´mat´

edayBaküRtwmEtmYym¨at´b¨ueNÑaH

ehIy k*p,ab´kñúgTId*smKYrmYy .

GaBaZrbs´RBHezr; :nCasH

k*edayç BYkeyIg EtgRbeKnPik¡amindac´ dl´RBHezr;TaMgLay³

es|IyehIy RBmCamYyKñanwgkartm,l´Tuk én:y:yas elI

dUecñHehIy kúñgézáTI2 k*:ncak´Ecg:y:yas EdlmansPaB

EpndI .

dUecñaH .

RBHmhaemaK<løanetær nimnþmktaMgBIRBwkRBlwm ehIy

ekIteT[teLIy .

eBalza

²mñalelakd*manGayu

TRmaMEtx\úMRtac´eTAbiNÐ:tehIy kan´Rsuk .

sUmelakenA mkvij³

kñúgTIenHsincuH

dUecñHehIy

k*cUleTA

taMgGMBIézáenaHmk rhUt 45 qñaM GaBaZdUecñaH minEdl

RKaenaH

RBHsarIbuRt

za ²mñalGavuesa

eBaleTAkan´RBHmhaemaK<løanetær

:y:yasEdlekIteLIg

eRBaHGaRs&ynUv

BYkmnusSTaMgenaH eTATTYlkan´yk:Rt rbs´RBH

karsUm edayvaca mansPaBminKYredIm|Iqan´ sUm|IkalebIeBaH

ezr; :njúaMg:Rt oeBjehIy eday:y:yas manRbkar

ev[nZM ecjmkRtac´eTAelIEpndI k*eday³ dUecñHehIy k*bnøWeLIg

dUceBalmkehIy :nRbeKnehIy . KWkarnimnþeTA cMerIn

.

RBHezr; sMEdgnUvGakar;

mnusSTaMgenaH eBalza ²bBiRtelakm©as´ d*

sUmelakm©as´nimnþqan´cuH

eyIgx\úMnwgRbeKn:ydéTeT[t

dl´elakm©as´³ nimnþRBHezr;qan´ehIy k*:nRbeKn:y:yas dak´oeBjkñúg:RtmþgeT[t .

RBHezr; mkehIy begÁancUleTA

Cit eBalza ²mñalsarIbuRt d*manGayu h*cUrelakqan´eTA³ . cMENkRBHezr; eXIjnUv:y:yasenaHehIy kalnwkKit za ²:y:yas CaTIKab´citþéRkeBk ekIteLIgehIy edaybkar; dUcemþchñ@/³dUecñH

eTIb:neXIjmUlehtuEdl:y:yasenaH

ekIteLIgehIy k*eBalza ²mñalemaK<løan;d*manGayu! cUrelak ykecjeTAç biNÐ:t ‘enH’ minKYrnwgqan´eT³ .

Éelakd*man

nUvóTanenH za ;

Rbsi nebIx\ úMKb|I qan´ ehIy

nU vmZu:yasEdlekIteLIg

eRBaHkarbeJ©j nUvvcIviJ¦tþiç

karRbRBwtþieTA

mYyGenøIedayGaCIv; rbs´x\úM k*nwgRtUvtiHed[lehIyç RbsinebIeBaHev[ntUc rbs´x\úM Kb|IecjeTAxageRkA x\úMk*enAEtminKb|ITmøay nUvGaCIv;Cadac´xatç sUm|I lHbg´nUvCIvit ‘k*eday’ k*x\úMenAEteZVIcitþrbs´x\úM o eRtkGrrIkray:nç x\úMev[rcakRsLH nUvkarEsVgrk minsmKYr mYyvijeT[t x\úMnwgmineZVI nUvGensn; EdlRBHBuTÆRTg´sÁb´ex¬ImehIy .


mYyeT[t

visuTÆimK< ERb

91

sUm|Ier]grbs´RBHezr;

eQμaHmhatisS; Edl

GaRs&yenAeT[bKl´eQI sVay

Gs´kald*yUr

nig

CaGñkqan´nUvEpø

briePaK

edaysBVRKb´ y¨agenHÉg . edayesckþIBüayam

y¨agNaç bc©ysnñisSitsIl k*Pik¡úKb|IoseRmc edaybJ¦a

ehtuoseRmc

eRBaHza bc©ysnñisSitsIlenaH manbJ¦aCa eRBaHPav;énbuK<lGñkmanbJ¦a

nUveTas nig GanisgS

CaGñkGaceXIj

kñúgbc©&yTaMgLay .

eRBaHehtuenaH

bc©ysnñisSitsIlenaH KWPik¡úGñklHbg´nUvkarCab´CMBab´kñúgbc©&y ehIy BicarNaedaybJ¦a tamBiZIEdl:neBalmkehIy eTIb eRbIR:s´nUvbc©&yTaMgLay EdlekIteLIgehIyedayZm( d*sm KYr Kb|IoseRmc .

kñúgbc©ysnñisSitsIlenaH

k*karbriePaK man 4 y¨ag

KW ; ezyübriePaK 1ç

briePaKTaMg 4 enaH karbriePaK rbs´Pik¡úRTusþsIl GñkGg<úy

o:nbrisuTÆlÁ

y¨agdUecñaHEdr .

enH KÅCaesckþIvinicä&y EdleZVI

«NbriePaK 1ç TayC¢briePaK 1ç samibriePaK 1 . bNþakar

Kb|IsMGatGaCIv;

Pik¡ú Kb|IoseRmc

kñúgbdilaPkal bnÞab´GMBIevlaEdl:nmkenaH k*minmaneTas

‘31’

CaeRK]gBicarNaeXIjc|as´ minKb|IjúaMgcitþ o

k*GaCIv:risuTÆi

evk¡N;kþI edayGMNacbdikUlbc©evk¡N;kþI Tukdak´ehIy sUm|I

esckþIsnñidðan kñúgbriePaKkalenaH .

Pik¡úGñkman«®nÞIy¾s®gYm bYsedaysTÆa manR:C\a kñúgGensn;eLIy

sIlnieTÞs

eLIy sUm|IkñúgevlaeRbIR:s´ .

bNÐit k*KYrsMEdg kñúger]genHEdr .

ekIteLIg

92

karBicarNa

sUm|IkúñgTIkNþalénRBHsg¹

‘briePaKedaylYc’ .

ezyübriePaK

eQμaHza

karbriePaK rbs´Pik¡úGñkmansIl Edl

minBicarNaehIy eQμaHza «NbriePaK ‘briePaKCabMNul’ . ehtuenaH

cIvr Pik¡úRtUvEtBicarNa ral´ > eBlEdleRbIR:s´ç

biNÐ:t Pik¡úRtUvBicarNaral´ > BMnUtç Pik¡úkalminGacBicarNa edaybkardUecñaH:neT Kb|IBicarNa kñúgkalmunénP&tþ kñúgkal xageRkayénP&tþ kñúgyammun kñúgyamCakNþal nig kñúgyamCa TIbMput‘k*:n’ . Pik¡úenaH

fitenA

zaebI Pik¡úenaH

minBicarNaeTç

GruN rHeLIgç

kñúgTICaTIbriePaKnUvbc©&yCabMNul

.

cMENk

esnasn; Pik¡ú RtUvEtBicarNa ral´ > eBlEdleRbIR:s´ . PaBénPik¡úGñkmanstiCabc©&y kñúgevlaTTYlpg kñúgevlabriePaK

man 2 y¨ag KW ‘BicarNa’ kñúgevla:nnUvbc©&yTaMgLay 1

nUvePsC¢;pg eTIbKYr .

‘BicarNa’ kñúgevlaeRbIR:s´nUvbc©&yTaMgLay 1 .

EmnBit

eZVIsti kñúgevlaTTYlehIy mineZVIsti kñúgevlabriePaKb¨ueNÑaH

kareRbIR:s´ rbs´Pik¡ú GñkeRbIR:s´ nUvbc©&yTaMgLay mancIvr-

eTIbRtUvGabtþiç EtkalebIPik¡úmin:neZVIsti kñúgeBlTTYleT eTA

b|c©&yCaedIm EdlxøÜnBicarNaehIy edayGMNac énZatub|c©-

eZVIsti kñúgeBlEdlbriePaK minRtUvGabtþieLIy .

kalebImanehtuy¨agenHç

kalebIPikú¡


visuTÆimK< ERb ‘32’

93

k*suTÆi man 4 y¨ag KW; eTsnasuTÆi 1ç sMvrsuTÆi 1ç

brieydðisuTÆi 1ç

bc©evk¡NsuTÆi 1ç .

bNþasuTÆi TaMg 4 y¨ag

enaH :tiemak¡sMvrsIl eQμaHza eTsnasuTÆi .

eRBaHza :ti-

emak¡sMvrsIlenaH RBHmanRBHPaK ehAza ²eTsnasuTÆi³ eRBaH «®nÞiysMvrsIl eQμaHza sMvrsuTÆi .

brisuTÆedaykarsMEdg . eRBaHza

«®nÞiysMvrsIlenaH

RBHmanRBHPaK

RTg´Rtas´ehAza

²sMvrsuTÆi³ eRBaHbrisuTÆ edaykars®gYm edaytaMgcitþza ²Gatμa Gj nwgmineZVIy¨agenHeT[teLIy³ . GaCIv:risuTÆisIl eQμaHza

brieydðisuTÆi .

eRBaHGaCIv:risuTÆisIlenaH RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´

Rtas´ehAza ²brieydðisuTÆi³ eRBaHbrisuTÆedaykarEsVgrk énPik¡ú GñklHbg´nUvGensn;

ehIyjúaMgbc©&yTaMgLay

edayZm( edaysmKYr .

bc©evk¡NsuTÆi .

oekIteLIg

bc©ybriePaKsnñisSitsIl

eQμaHza

eRBaHbc©ybriePaKsnñisSitsIlenaH RBHman

RBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ehAza ²bc©evk¡NsuTÆi³ eRBaHbrisuTÆedaykar BicarNa manbkar;dUcRBHGg<Rtas´ehIy . RBHGdðkzacarü eBalBaküenaHza

eRBaHehtuenaH eTIb

²EtminRtUvGabtþi dl´Pik¡úEdl

min:neZVIsti kñúgeBlTTYlehIyeTAeZVIsti kñúgeBlbriePaK³ . ‘33’

karbriePaKnUvbc©&yrbs´RBHesxbuK<l 7 BYk eQμaH

za TayC¢briePaK .

eRBaHza RBHesxbuK<l 7 BYkenaH CabuRt

rbs´RBHmanRBHPaKç

eRBaHehtuenaH buRtTaMgLayenaH CaGñk

TTYl nUvbc©&yTaMgLay EdlCarbs´énbita

eRbIR:s´nUvbc©&y

94

sIlnieTÞs

TaMgLayenaH .

sYrza ²k*buRtTaMgLayenaH briePaKnUvbc©&y

TaMgLay rbs´RBHmanRBHPaK ß ßza briePaKnUvbc©&yTaMgLay rbs´BYkRKhsæ/³ .

eqøIyza ²bc©&yTaMgLayenaHTukCaRKhsæ

TaMgLay RbeKnehIyk*eday k*eQμaHza Carbs´énRBHd*manRBH PaKEdr eRBaHbc©&yTaMgenaH KWRBHd*manRBHPaK RTg´:nGnuJ¦atþ ehIyç eRBaHehtuenaH buRtTaMgLayenaH bNÐit Kb|IRCab za ²briePaKnUvbc©&y rbs´RBHmanRBHPaK³ .

ÉZmμTayaTsURt Ca

eRK]gsMerc kñúgGZikarénTayC¢briePaKenH .

karbriePaK rbs´

RBHxINaRsBTaMgLay eQμaHza samibriePaK . eRBaHza

RBHxINaRsBTaMgLayenaH

eQμaHza

Cam©as´

briePaK eRBaHelakCaGñkknøgnUvPaBénxøÜnCax\úMéntNØa:nehIy. bNþakarbriePaKTaMgenH eTIbKYr dl´Pik¡úTaMgBYg .

samibriePaK

nig

TayC¢briePaK

cMENk«NbriePaK minKYreT .

CaehtueBal kñúgezyübriePaKnu@HÉg minmaneLIy .

vaca

cMENkÉ

karbriePaK rbs´Pik¡úGñkmansIl EdlBicarNaehIy enHÉNaç karbriePaKenaH minEmnCabMNul

eQμaHza

CakarbriePaK

edayPaBCabc©&y

eRBaHPav;énbc©evk¡itbriePaK

CasRtUvcMeBaH

«NbriePaK ßk* dl´nUvkarse®g<aH kñúgTayC¢briePaK:ndUcKña . eRBaHza sUm|IPik¡úGñkmansIl k*RBHmanRBHPaK Rtas´ehAza ²Ca esxbuK<l³ :nEdr eRBaHelakRbkbRBmedaysik¡aenH . k*kñúg karbriePaKTaMgenH samibriePaK RbesIr eRBaHehtuNaç eRBaH ehtuenaH bc©ysnñisSitsIl Pik¡úR:zñanUvsamibriePaK d*RbesIr


visuTÆimK< ERb enaH

BicarNaedaybc©evk¡N;

95

manbkar;dUcelakeBalehIy

briePaK Kb|IoseRmc . EmnBit Pik¡úkaleZVIy¨agenH eQμaHza CaGñkmankiriyaeZVIkic© CaRbRktI . dUcKazaBnÆn¾enH EdlRBHd*manRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´ za

Pik¡úCasavk

manR:C\ad*RbesIr

sþab´nUvZm(Edl

RBHsuKt RTg´sMEdgehIy RtUvBicarNa rYcCamun ehIy swmesB nUvbiNÐ:tç viharç TIedk nig TIGg<úy nig TwksRmab´lagnUvZUlI EdlCab´enA BÆd*sMBt´sg¹adIç eRBaHehtuenaHÉg Pik¡úCaGñkmin RtUvCab´CMBak´

kñúgZm(TaMgLayenH

KWkñúgdMu:yç

kñúgTIedk nig TIGg<úy nig kñúgTwksRmab´lag nUvZUlI EdlCab´enA BÆd*sMBt´sg¹adI dUcCatMNk´ énTwk EdlminCab´enAelIsøwkQUk Ég .

‘1’

y¨agenaH

Pik¡úenaH manstisμartI tm,l´x¢ab´er]y>

ehIy :nnUvbc©&yTaMgLay eRBaHesckþIGnueRKaH GMBICndéT tamkal Kb|IdwgnUvRbmaN kñúgvtæú EdlxøÜnKb|ITMBasIuç nig

kñúgvtæúEdlxøÜnKb|IbriePaK

kñúgvtæúEdlxøÜnKb|IliTÆCJ¢k´

eRb[bdUcCaRKU

eBTüdwgRbmaN kñúgkiriyaduHeLIgéndMe¶ eday karlabzñaM y¨agdUecñaHç 1- suÇ xuÇ sutþÇ

Pik¡ú minRtUvCab´citþ kñúg

PaKTI 54 TMB&rTI 126 .

96

sIlnieTÞs

Gahar qan´Gahar bMNgoRKan´EtjúaMgGtþPaB oRbRBwtþeTA:n dUcCamatabitasIunUvsac´rbs´kUn ‘kMdrGtþPaB TaMgeTIsTal´’ kñúgpøÚvEdlqáaydac´ Rsyalç dUcCaGñkbrreTH labnUvxøaj´ePøAreTH ‘esaHEtxanmin:n’ y¨agdUecñaHÉg . k*kñúgPaBCaGñkbMeBjCaRbRktI

kñúgbc©ysnñisSitsIlenH

bNÐit RtUvsMEdger]gPaKienyüsg¹rk¡itsameNr . sameNrenaH BicarNaedayRbéBehIyeTIbqan´ . smdUcCaBaküEdlsameNrenaH eBalza ;

RBHóbCÄay¾ R:b´x\úMEdlkMBugqan´ nUv:yénRsUv salId*RtCak´RsYl za ²EnsameNrÉg kMuCaGñk mins®gYmehIy júaMgGNþatoeqHeLIy³ x\úM:n» sMd I R BHóbCÄay¾ e hI y

k* : nnU v esckþ I tk´ s ø ú t

kñúgeBlenaH x\úMGg<úyehIy elIGasn;mYy :n luHehIynUvRBHGrhtþ x\úMenaHmanesckþIRtiHriHeBj eljehIy dUcCaRBHcnÞ kñúgézá 15 ekIt y¨ag enaHÉg CaGñkmanGasv;TaMgBYg Gs´rlIgehIy «LÚvenH PBzμIElgmaneT[teLIy . sUm|IbBVCitdéTeT[t

ehtuenaH

kalR:zñanUvkiriyaGs´eTA

énesckþITuk¡ Kb|IBicarNa edayó:yénR:C\a ehIy swmeRbIR:s´nUvbc©&yTaMgLaycuH .

eRBaHza


visuTÆimK< ERb sIl

man

4

Rbkar

97

edayGMNacén:tiemak¡sMvrsIl

CaedIm y¨agdUecñHÉg .

bNÐit

kñúgRkumsIl 5 TI 1 éncMENksIl manRbkar 5

Kb|IRCabesckþIGtæaZib|ay

Gnubsm|nñsIlCaedIm . eBalehIy sIl

edayGMNacénsIl

man

EmnBaküenH RBHZmμesnabtIsarIbuRt

kñúgbdismÖiTaza

²briynþ:risuTÆisIl

etIdUcemþc/

rbs´Gnubsm|nñTaMgLay Gñkmansik¡abT CaTIbMputenH

eQμaHza briynþ:risuTÆisIlç Gbriynþ:risuTÆisIl etIdUcemþc / sIl rbs´Gnubsm|nñTaMgLay Gñkmansik¡abT minmanTIbMput enH eQμaHza Gbriynþ:risuTÆisIlç bribuNÑ:risuTÆisIl etIdUc emþc/

sIl rbs´klüaNbuzuC¢nTaMgLay GñkRbkbehIy kñúg

kuslZm(TaMgLay

GñkmankiriyaeZVIoeBjeljbribUN(

kñúg

TIbMput énRBHesxbuK<l minCab´CMBak´ kñúgragkay nig CIvit manCIvitlHbg´ehIy

enH

eQμaHza

Gbramdð:risuTÆisIl etIdUcemþc/

bribuNÑ:risuTÆisIlç

sIl rbs´RBHesxbuK<l 7

BYkenH eQμaHza Gbramdð:risuTÆisIlç bdib|sSTÆi:risuTÆisIl etIdUcemþc/

.

sIl

rbs´RBHxINaRsBTaMgLay

rbs´RBHtzaKtç

sIl

rbs´RBHtzaKt

Grhnþ

rbs´RBHbec©kBuTÆTaMgLayç smμasm¬úTÆTaMgLayenH

Casav&k sIl eQμaHza

bNÐit Kb|IRCabza ²sbriynþ:risuTÆisIl³ eRBaHsIlenaH man edayGMNacénkarrab´

.

sIl

rbs´Gnubsm|nñTaMg

Lay bNÐit Kb|IRCabza ²eQμaHzaGbriynþ:risuTÆisIl³ dUecñH eRBaHsMedAyknUvsbriynþsIl

edayGMNackarrab´xøH

sIl rbs´Gnubsm|nñTaMgLay

nUvPaB

KWkarsmaTan edayGMNacénsIlminmanesssl´xøH nUvPaB énsIlEdlminEmnCasIl mankareXIj edayGMNacénlaPç ysç jatiç Gvyv; nig CIvit CaTIbMput

dUcCasIl rbs´RBH

mhatisSetærGñkGaRs&yenAeT[bKl´eQIGs´kalminyUr qan´nUv EpøsVay y¨agenH za ;

sik¡abTTaMgLayEdlCaeRK]gs®gYm nig Cavin&y TaMgenH mancMnYn R:MbYnBan´ekadi nig Eb¨tsib ryekadi nig epSgeT[thasibEsn nig samsib R:MmYyepSg> eT[t ‘rYmRtUvCamYymuWn R:MBIrBan´ ekadi R:Mlan samsibR:MmYy’ KWRBHsm¬úTÆ RTg´ RbkasehIyç

kñúgvinysMvr;

RBHGg<RTg´sMEdg

ehIy edayRbZan KWesckþIbMRBYj . BitdUecñaHEmn

elakd*manGayuGg<enaH

minlHbg´nUvsti

CaeRK]grlwker]y> dl´Zm(rbs´sb|úrsenH za ;

²nrCn Kb|IlHbg´nUvRTBü eRBaHehtuénGvyv;

bdib|sSTÆi:risuTÆisIl³ . bNþasIlTaMgLayenaH

sIlnieTÞs

TIbMput

‘RkumsIl 5 TI 1’ ‘34’

98

d*RbesIr kalrkSanUvCIvit Kb|IlHbg´nUvGvyv;


visuTÆimK< ERb

99

kalrlwk nUvZm(er]y> Kb|IlHbg´TaMgGvyv; TaMg RTBü TaMgCIvit TaMgGs´pg³ dUecñH min:nRbRBwtþknøgnUvsik¡abT GaRs&yehIy

sUm|IkúñgesckþIsgS&y

nUvGbriynþ:risuTÆisIlenaHÉg

kñúgCIvit

TaMgenAelIxñg

énó:sk :nseRmcehIynUvRBHGrhtþ .

minEmnCajati

minEmnCabita

mansIlç

TaMgminEmnCamata

‘RBHezr;’

eRBaHehtu

énGñk

júaMgesckþIsegVKtk´søút

oekIteLIgehIy BicarNa edayó:yénR:C\a TaMgenAelIxñgénó:skenaH mancitþsáb´rmáab´ :n seRmcehIy nUvRBHGrhtþ . sIl

rbs´klüaNbuzuC¢nTaMgLay

EdlR:scakmnÞil

sUm|IRKan´EtjúaMgcitþoekIteLIg eRBaHCasIlEdlbrisuTÆéRkeBk hak´bIdUcCaEkvmNIekItÉg

EdlbuK<lxat´ehIy

edaylÁpg

hak´dUcCamasEdlCageZVIbrikmμlÁehIypg taMgBIeBlEdl:n óbsm|&Tmk

CaehtuCaTItaMgénRBHGrhtþBit

eTIbRBHmanRBHPaK Rtas´za

‘er]gRBHmhasg¹rk¡itetær’ :n»mkza elakutþrZm(

RBHPik¡úsg¹ sYrnUvehtuCaeRK]gRtas´dwg nUv

cMeBaHRBHmhasg¹rk¡itetær

eRBaHehtuenaH

²bribuNÑ:risuTÆisIl³ dUcCasIl

RBHmhasg¹rk¡itetær nig RBHPaKienyüsg¹rk¡itetær dUecñaHÉg .

EdlmanvsSa

60

knøgehIy sigenAelIERKCaEdlTImrN; . RBHezr; eqøIytbza ²elakutþrZm( rbs´x\úMminmaneT³ . rbs´RBHezr;enaH

lMdab´enaH Pik¡úkemøaH Edl

eBalza

mnusSTaMgLay RbmaN 12 eyaCn¾

TaMgminEmnCaepABgS rbs´GñkeT

Kat´eZVIkic© mansPaBEbbenH

sIlnieTÞs

Caóbdðak

smdUcCaRBHmhatisSetær eBalehIyza ;

ó:skrUbenH

100

ehIy

edayKitza

²bBiRtelakm©as´d*cMerIn edayCMuvij Gg<úyRbCMuKña

²elakm©as´briniBVanehIy³

dUecñHç

esckþI

sþayeRkay rbs´mhaCn nwgmaneRBaHkalkiriyaEdlCabuzuC¢n rbs´elakm©as´³ .

RBHezr;eBal za ²mñalGavuesa x\úMmin:n

taMgepþImvibsSna edayR:zña za ²x\úMnwgCYbRBHd*manRBHPaKRBH namemetþyü³

dUecñHç

ebIdUecñaH

cUrGñkjúaMgx\úMoGg<úyehIy

o

nUvOkas³ .

Pik¡úkemøaHenaH júaMgRBHezr;oKg´ehIy k*ecj

eTAxageRkA .

RBHezr;seRmcehIynUvRBHGrhtþ RBmCamYyKña

nwgkarecjeTAxageRkA énPik¡úkemøaHenaHÉg :nonUvsJ¦a eday Rmaméd . RBHsg¹Gg<úyRbCMuKñaehIyeBalza ²bBiRtelakm©as´ d*cMerIn

elakm©as´

mrNkal

júaMgelakutþrZm(

mansPaBEbbenH

eZVI:nedaykRm³ .

oekIteLIg

eQμaHza

kñúgsm&y

:neZVIkic©EdlbuK<l

RBHezr; eBalza ²mñalGavuesaTaMgLay

GMeBIenHminEmn KWbuK<leZVI:nedaykRmeTç mü¨ageT[t x\úMnwgR:b´ nUvGMeBIEdlbuK<leZVI:nedaykRm dl´GñkTaMgLayç mñalelak d*manGayuTaMgLay

cab´taMgGMBIeBlEdlx\úMbYsehIy

x\úMmin


visuTÆimK< ERb

101

102

sIlnieTÞs

nwknUvkmμ Edlx\úMeZVIehIy edaykarmindwg eRBaHminmanstieT³ . cMENkkμÜyrbs´RBHezr;enaH

:nsMercRBHGrhtþ

eRcIn RTRTg´nUvRBHZm( GñkmanbJ¦a CaBuTÆsav&k

y¨agenHEdr

enaH EdldUcCadMu énmasCm¬ÚnT:nç sUm|IeTvta

kñúgkalmanvsSa 50 .

nig mnusSTaMgLay k*rEmgsresIr nUvbuK<lenaHç

‘ RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ za ; ’

ebIbuK<lmanesckþIecHdwgtic enAkñúgsIlTaMgLayç

TaMgmin:nfit

GñkR:C\TaMgLay rEmgtiH

ed[lbuuK<lenaH edayehtu 2 y¨ag KW sIl 1 esckþIecHdwg 1 . ebIbuK<lmanesckþIecHdwgtic

EtfitenAx¢ab´x¢Ün

kñúgsIlTaMgLayç GñkR:C\TaMgLay rEmgsresIr nUvbuK<lenaH

EtedaysIlç

sUm|IRBhμ k*sresIrEdr

k*b¨uEnþesckþIecHdwg

min:nseRmc dl´buK<lenaHeT . ebIb uK<lmanesckþIecHdwgeRcIn

cMENkxagsIl RCabza

edayGMNacénPB

kudum¬iybutþtisSetær .

rbs´buzuC¢nTaMgLay

Kb|I

Kb|IRCab

eRb[bdUcCasIl rbs´RBH

esckþIza elakd*manGayuGg<enaH man

bMNgnwgGaRs&ynUvsIlmansPaBEbbenaH

Gatμa

ehIyfitenA

kñúg

nwgs®gYmdl´Gñk

søab´ RbkbedayraK; Gatμa luHKit y¨agenHehIy eTIbBicarNa

TaMgfitenAx¢ab´

edayó:yénR:C\aç

kalebIRBH

GruN rHeLIgehIyç k*:nseRmcnUvRBHGrhtþ .

GñkR:C\TaMgLay Etg

nUvbuK<lGñkmanesckþIecHdwg

bM:k´nUveCIgTaMgBIrehIy

TaMgLayç Gatμa en]yNayZujRTan´ nUvesckþI

EtesckþI

esckþIecHdwg 1 . KYrninÞa

bNÐit

eRBaHPav;énsIlenaH minBal´

za ²Gbramdð:risuTÆisIl³ dUecñH

Etmi n:nfit

sresIrnUvbuK<lenaH edayehtu 2 y¨ag KW sIl 1 GñkNa

²Gbramdð:risuTÆisIl³

RtUvehIy

ecHdwg rEmgseRmc dl´buK<lenaH . x¢Ün kñúgsIlTaMgLayç

rbs´esxbuK<lTaMgLay

RBHGrhtþ eTIbeBalnwgmnusSGñkmaneB[rTaMgLay za ;

EtedaysIlç

ebIbuK<lmanesckþIecHdwgeRcIn

.

RtUvehIy edayGMNacénTidðiç mü¨agvijeT[t sIlEdlminBal´

enAx¢ab´x¢Ün kñúgsIlTaMgLayeTç GñkR:C\TaMgLay rEmgtiHed[lbuuK<lenaH

‘1’

RBHmhaezr mYyrUbeT[t Gahar 1-

manCMgWy¨agxøaMg minGacqan´ nUv

edayédxøÜnÉg:neLIy sigbRmHnen[leTAmk enAelI

suÇ

GMÇ cÇ

PaKTI 42 TMB&rTI 16 .


visuTÆimK< ERb

103

mURt nig krIs rbs´xøÜn .

Pik¡úkemøaH mYyrUbeT[t eXIjnUvRBH

mhaezrenaHehIy

²O! CIvit

Tuk¡ GVIemø¨HeT³ .

eBalza

104

sIlnieTÞs

cab´ C ani c ©

nig sg¡arTaMgLay Ca

CaZmμtaç

RBHmhaezr R:b´Pik¡úenaH za ²mñalelakd*man

vegVgehIy

Gayu x\úMkalsøab´«LÚvenH Kg´:nnUvsm|tþi KWfansYK( esckþI sgS&y kúñgCIvit rbs´x\úM minmaneTç

RKhsæ EdlPik¡úlacaksik¡abTehIy Kitza

²GatμaGjnwgsøab´

sigenAdEdl

:nmkdUecñaH³ dUecñHehIy

CamYynwgsIloTal´Et:n³

BicarNaeraKenaHÉg

k*dl´nUvRBHGrhtþ

Büakr edayKazaTaMgenH dl´Pik¡úsg¹ za ;

kalx\úM RtUvBüaZiNamYyBal´RtUvehIy KWeraKeb[t eb[nehIy eZVIoRTuDeRTamy¨agxøaMg sakGsuPenH nwgeRk[msáÜt y¨agqab´rh&s eRb[bdUcCap,aEdl buK<lecalehIy

elIGacm¾dI

qab´eRk[msáÜt y¨agdUecñaHç eBjcitþ

EtbuK<lBaleBal

nakNþalézáekþA

rUbenH Carbs´minCaTI za

Carbs´EdlCa

TIeBjcitþç rUbenH minsÁat EtbuK<lBalsnμt za Carbs´EdllÁsÁateTAvijç

rUbenH eBareBjeTA

edaysaksBepSg> EtRtLb´eTACarUb EdlCaTI eBjcitþ

dl´buK<lGñkEdlmineXIjc|as´

‘tam

esckþIBit’ç esckþItHi ed[l nUvkayEdlsÁúy QW

dUecñH ehIy

BYkstVTaMgLay

mi n sÁ a t

manBüaZi

RbmaTehIy

kñúgkaysÁúyÉNaç

Qøk´

‘kaysÁúyenaH’

júaMgmK< edIm|IcUleTAekIt kñúgfansYK( ovinas .

Etza Zmμtasm|tþi Edlx\úM

RtUvTmøay nUvsIlenHehIy :nmk k*R:kdesμI edayPaBCa

mankø i n mi n lÁ

cMENk sIl rbs´RBHGriyTaMgLay manRBHGrhnþCaedIm bNÐit Kb|IRCab za ²bdib|sSTÆi:risuTÆisIl³ eRBaHPav;énsIl enaH

CasIlbrisuTÆ

RkvayTaMgBYg .

edaykarsáb´rmáab´ nUvkielseRK]gRkvl´ sIl man 5 Rbkar

edayGMNacénsIl

manGbriynþ:risuTÆisIlCaedIm edayRbkardUecñHÉg . ‘RkumsIl 5 TI 2’ ‘35’ kñúgbJ©ksIl TI 2 bNÐit Kb|IRCabesckþIGZib|ay edayGMNacKuN

mankarlHbg´CaedIm

man:Nati:tCaGaTi¾ .

nUveTasTaMgLay

EmnBit BaküenH RBHZmμesnabtI-

sarIbuRt eBalehIy kñúgbdismÖiTa za ²sIlTaMgLay 5 KW; karlHbg´nUv:Nati:t

eQμaHza sIlç

ectna CaeRK]gev[r

eQμaHza sIlç ectna eQμaHza sIlç esckþIs®gYm eQμaHza sIlç

karminRbRBwtþiknøg eQμaHza sIl .

karlHbg´nUv

GTinñaTanç kaemsumicäacarç musavaTç prusvacaç smöb|lab;ç GPiCÄaç Büa:Tç micäaTidði

eQμaHza sIl . karlHbg´nUvkamqnÞ;

edayenk¡mμ;ç lHbg´Büa:T edaykarminBüa:Tç lHbg´zInmiTÆ; edayesckþIsm<al´ kñúgBnøÅç

lHbg´nUvóTÆc©; edaykarminray


visuTÆimK< ERb

105

106

sIlnieTÞs

mayç lHbg´vic©ikicäa edaykarkMNt´nUvZm(ç lHbg´GviC¢a eday

edayGaTInvanubsSnaç

jaNç lHbg´Grtieday:emaC¢;ç lHbg´nIvrN;TaMgLayeday

nubsSnaç

bfmQanç lHbg´vitk,; nig vicar; edayTutiyQanç lHbg´

edayvivdþanubsSnaç lHbg´nUvkielsTaMgLayEdlCaTItaMgénTidði

bIti edayttiyQanç lHbg´sux nig Tuk¡ edayctutæCÄanç lH

edayesatabtþimK<ç lHbg´nUvkielsTaMgLay EdleRKatRKat

bg´rUbsJ¦aç bdiXsJ¦aç nantþsJ¦a edayGakasanJ©aytn-

edayskTaKamimK<ç lHbg´nUvkielsTaMgLay EdlRbRBwtþeTA

smabtþiç lHbg´GakasanJ©aytnsJ¦a edayviJ¦aNJ©aytn

RBmedaylÁit edayGnaKamimK<ç lHbg´kielsTaMgBYgTaMgLay

smabtþiç lHbg´nUvviJ¦aNJ©aytnsJ¦a edayGakiJ©J¦aytn

edayGrhtþmK<

smabtþiç lHbg´nUvGakiJ©J¦aytnsJ¦a edayenvsJ¦anasJ¦a

ectna eQμaHza sIlç sMvr; eQμaHza sIlç karminRbRBwtþiknøg

ytnsmabtþiç lHbg´nUvnic©sJ¦a edayGnic©anubsSnaç lHbg´

eQμaHza sIlç sIlTaMgLay mansPaBEbbenH RbRBwtþeTARBm

nvUsuxsJ¦a GntþanubsSnaç

edayTuk¡anubsSnaç

lHbg´nUvGtþsJ¦a

lHbg´nUvesckþIeRtkGr

lHbg´karminBicarNa

lHbg´karRbkan´sÁit

eQμaHza sIlç

edaybdisg¡a-

edayGMNacénkarRbkbRBm

karev[rcak eQμaHza sIlç

eday

edIm|IkarminekþARkhaysþayeRkayéncitþ RbRBwtþeTAedIm|I:emaC¢;

edayniBViTanubsSnaç

RbRBwtþeTARBmedIm|IbIti RbRBwtþeTARBmedIm|IbsSTÆi RbRBwtþeTAedIm|I

eday

esamnsS RbRBwtþeTAedIm|IesBo:neRcIn RbRBwtþeTAedIm|IPavna

nieraZanubsSnaç lHbg´nUvPav; éncitþmincg´rYcput edaymuJ©itu-

RbRBwtþeTAedIm|IeZVIo:neRcIn RbRBwtþeTARBmedIm|IZm(EdlCaeRK]g

kamütanubsSnaç lHbg´esckþIRbkan´ edaybdinisSK<anubsSnaç

Rbdab´ RbRBwtþeTAedIm|IeRK]gbrik¡ar RbRBwtþeTAedIm|IeRK]gEGbEnb

lHbg´nUvXnsJ¦a

RbRBwtþeTAedIm|IbMeBjbJ¦a

lHbg´nUvraK;

edayviraKanubsSnaç

lHbg´nUvsmuTy;

edayxyanubsSnaç

lHbg´nUvkiriyacMerIn

RbRBwtþeTAedIm|IesckþIen]yNay

énGayu edayvyanubsSnaç lHbg´ZuvsJ¦a edayvibriNama-

edaycMENkmYy RbRBwtþeTAedIm|IR:scakraK; edIm|InieraZ edIm|I

nubsSnaç

óbsm; edIm|IGPiJ¦a edIm|IkarRtas´dwg edIm|IniBVan ‘1’³ dUecñH .

lHbg´nUvkielsEdlCanimitþ

edayGnimitþanubsSnaç lH

k*bNþaZm(TaMg 5 Rbkar manbhan;CaedImenaH eQμaHza

lHbg´Zm(Caehtu

Zm(NanImYy EdlelakehAza ²bhan;³ minmaneT elIkElg

enAGaRs&yénkarRbkan´za manxøwmsar edaykareXIjc|as´ nUv

RtwmEtZmμ KWkarminekIteLIg éneTasTaMgLay man:Nati:t

Zm( edayGZib|J¦aç lHbg´nUvkarRbkan´x¢ab´ edayesckþIvegVg

CaedIm manRbkardUceyIg:neBalehIyEtmü¨ag . EtkarlHbg´

lHbg´nUvkielsEdlCaTItaMg bg´nUvkarRbkan´sÁit

edayGb|NihitanubsSnaç

edaysuJ¦tanubsSnaç

edayyzaPUtJ¦aNTsSn;ç lHbg´nUvkarRbkan´x¢ab´ kñúgGal&y

1–

suÇ

xuÇ bdiÇ PaKTI 69 TMB&rTI 106 .


visuTÆimK< ERb enaH>

CaeRK]gcUleTARTRTg´

107

edayesckþIza

CaeRK]gtm,l´nUv

108

sIlnieTÞs

cuHsPav;GVI

CaesckþIesAhμg/

nig

ZmμCatGVI

CaesckþIpUrpg´

kuslZm(enaH> pg nig CaeRK]grYbrYm eRBaHkiriyaeZVIminoman

énsIlenaH/ .

PaBrat´raypg eRBaHehtuNaç eRBaHehtuenaH ‘karlHbg´enaH’

mankardac´CaedIm CaesckþIesAhμgénsIl . PaBénKuN man

RBHmanRBHPaKRtas´ehAza ²sIl³ eRBaHesckþIza RbRktI ‘b\s

karmindac´CaedIm CaesckþIpUrpg´énsIl .

eyIgnwgeBal kñúgbJØakmμenaH .

Kl´’ eBalKWkiriyacUleTACit RTRTg´ nig kiriyarYbrYm tamn&y EdleyIgeBalehIy kñúgxagedImn@uHÉg .

PaBéneTas

‘esckþIesAhμgénsIl’

Zm(TaMgLay 4 eRkA

cMENkxagPaBénsIldac´CaedImenaH

KWelakse®g<aHehIy

GMBIenH RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´ehIy eRBaHsMedAykkarRbRBwtþi

edaykarEbkZøay ‘énsIl’ EdlmanlaP nig ys CaedIm

eTAÉg éncitþ edayGMNacénkarev[rcakeTasenaH > pg eday

Caehtu 1 edayemzunsMeyaK 7 Rbkar 1 .

GMNackars®gYm‘biT’ nUveTasenaH> pg edayGMNacénectna RbkbRBm

edayevrmNIsIl

nig

edayGMNacénkarminRbRBwtþiknøg nUv:Nati:tenaH> pg .

sMvrsIl

TaMgBIrenaHpg

rbs´Pik¡úNa

sik¡abT

Rtg´

Casik¡abTZøayehIyç

cMENkesckþIza Zm( 4 y¨ag man

ZøúHRtg´TIbMput‘Cay’ç Ésik¡abT rbs´Pik¡úNa ZøayehIy Rtg´TI

sIl 5 Rbkar edayGMNacénsIl

cMENkkaredaHRsay nUvbJØaTaMgLayenH za ²ZmμCatGVI sIl/ç

Rtg´xagcugkþI

7

sIl rbs´Pik¡úenaH eQμaHza CasIldac´ ‘ZøúH’ dUcsMBt´sakd

manbhansIlCaedIm y¨agenHÉg .

eQμaHza

xagedImkþI

kñúgkgénGabtþiTaMgLay

énbuK<lGñkminRbRBwtþknøg

evrmNIsIlCaedImenaH CasIl KWRBHd*manRBHPaK RTg´Rbkas ehIy kñúgkalmunn@uHÉg .

BitdUecñaHEmn

sIl edayGtæza

dUcemþc/ç

ZmμCatiGVI

Ca

lk¡N;ç Cakic©ç Caehtu nig Capl rbs´sIlenaH/ç sIl man GanisgSb¨unμany¨ag/ç sIlenH manb¨unμanRbkar/³ dUecñH :ncb´ eRscehIy edayehtumanRbmaNb¨ueNÑHÉg . ‘esckþIesAhμg nig pUrpg´énsIl’ ‘36’ cMENkbJØakmμNa EdlRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´za

cMBak´kNþal sIl rbs´Pik¡úenaH eQμaHza sIlZøúH dUcsMBt´ sadkZøúHRtg´kNþal .

sik¡abTTaMgLay 2-3

rbs´Pik¡úNa

ZøayehIy tamlMdab´niglMdab´ç sIl rbs´Pik¡úenaH eQμaHza sIlBBal dUcCaemeKamanbNþasm|úrénsrIr;TaMgLay manexμA nig

RkhmCaedIm

esμIR:s

sm|úrNamYy

edaysm|úrEdlmancMENk

taMgeLIgehIy enARtg´xñgxøH

Rtg´eBaHxøH .

sik¡abT

TaMgLay rbs´Pik¡úNa ZøayenARtg´cenøaH nig cenøaHç sIl rbs´ Pik¡úenaH eQμaHza sIlBRBus dUcCaemeKaEdlviciRtehIy eday tMNk´Twk manBN(EdlmancMENkesμIeTAR:sehIyRtg´cenøaH> dUecñaH .

Pav;énsIldac´CaedIm edaykarEbkZøay

‘énsIl’


visuTÆimK< ERb

109

110

sIlnieTÞs

EdlmanlaP nig ysCaedImCaehtu rEmgman y¨agdUecñHÉg .

matuRKamç buK<lenaH rEmgeRtkGr edaykarenAcMGkLkLWy Ca

‘emzunsMeyaK 7’

edImenaH .l. tzaKtehAza eKrEmgminrYcputcakTuk¡:neLIy.

‘ÉPav;énsIldac´CaedIm’

edayGMNacemzunsMeyaK

Rbkar bNÐitKb|IRCab dUcteTAenH .

7

smdUcCaRBHmanRBHPaK

RTg´Rtas´ehIy ‘kñúgemzunsMeyaKenaHza’ ;

mñalRBahμN¾ mYyeT[t buK<lxøH kñúgelakenH CasmN; ß

CaRBahμN¾

.l.

min:nb¨HBal´cMeBaHkarb¨HBal´

eday

buK<lBIr>‘esBemzun’ mYyGenIøedaymatuRKameT TaMgmineRtkGr

²mñalRBahμN¾ buK<lxøH kñúgelakenH CasmN; ß Ca

nwgkardusxat´ .l. TaMgmincMGkLkLWy esIckÁakkÁayCamYy

RBahμN¾ ebþC\aza CaGñkRbRBwtþZm(d*RbesIr edayRbéB min:n

nwgmatuRKameTç Etza rEmgenAem[ged[g nUvEPñkedayEPñk cMeBaH

b¨HBal´cMeBaHkarb¨HBal´

mYy

matuRKamç buK<lenaHrEmgeRtkGr nwgkarem[ged[gnUvEPñk eday

GenIøedaymatuRKameT Etza rEmgeRtkGrnwgkardusxat´nYtç páÚtç

EPñkenaH .l. tzaKtehAza eKrEmgminrYcputcakTuk¡:neLIy.

Rc:c´

rbs´matuRKamç

edaybuK<lBIr>

buK<lenaH

‘esBemzun’

rEmgeRtkGrnwgkardusxat´

mñalRBahμN¾ mYyeT[t buK<lxøH kñúgelakenH CasmN;

enaH rIkraynwgkardusxat´enaH nig dl´nUvesckþIeRtkGr eday

ß CaRBahμN¾

kardusxat´CaedImenaHç mñalRBahμN¾ enHÉg ehAza kardac´pg

buK<lBIr>‘esBemzun’ mYyGenIøedaymatuRKameT TaMgmineRtkGr

ZøúHpg

nwgkardusxat´énmatuRKameT TaMgmincMGkLkLWy esIckÁakkÁay

BBalpg

buK<lenH brisuTÆ

BRBuspg

tzaKtehAza

énRBhμcriyZm(ç

mñalRBahμN¾

buK<lRbRBwtþRBhμcriyZm(

CaGñkRbkbedayemzunsMeyaK

.l.

min:nb¨HBal´cMeBaHkarb¨HBal´ eday

min:n

CamYynwgmatuRKameTç TaMgminenAem[ged[g .l. cMeBaHmatuRKam

rEmgminrYcputcakCatiç

eT . Etza buK<lenaH rEmgsþab´nUvsMeLgénmatuRKam Edlkal

Cra nig mrN;ç esak;ç brieTv;ç Tuk¡;ç eTamnsS;ç ó:yas;ç

esckþIniyaykþI

tzaKt ehAza eKrEmgminrYccakTuk¡:neLIy .

buK<lenaH rEmgeRtkGr edaykarsþab´sMeLgCaedImenaH .l.

mñalRBahμN¾ mYyeT[t buK<lxøH kñúgelakenH CasmN; ß

CaRBahμN¾

ebþC\aza

CaGñkRbRBwtþZm(d*RbesIr

rEmgminb¨HBal´cMeBaHkarb¨HBal´ mYyGenIøedaymatuRKameT

edaybuK<lBIr>

edayRbéB ‘esBemzun’

TaMgmineRtkGrnwgkardusxat´

eRc[gkþI yMkþI xageRkACJ¢aMg ß xageRkAkMEBgç

tzaKt ehAza eKrEmgminrYcputcakTuk¡:neLIy . mñalRBahμN¾ mYyeT[t buK<lxøH kñúgelakenH CasmN; ß CaRBahμN¾

.l.

min:nb¨HBal´cMeBaHkarb¨HBal´ eday

.l.

buK<lBIr>‘esBemzun’ mYyGenIøedaymatuRKameT TaMgmineRtkGr

énmatuRKameT EtzarEmgenAcMGkLkLWyesIckÁakkÁayCamYynwg

nwgkardusxat´énmatuRKameT TaMgmincMGkLkLWy esIckÁakkÁay


visuTÆimK< ERb

111

112

sIlnieTÞs

CamYynwgmatuRKameTç TaMgminenAem[ged[g .l. cMeBaHmatuRKam

buK<lenaH rEmgRbRBwtþnUvRBhμcriyZm( edIm|IR:zñanUveTBnikay

eTç TaMgminsþab´nUvsMeLgénmatuRKam EdlkalyMkþI .l. Etza

NamYyza ²GjsUmo:nCaeTvta eTaHCaeTvtaNamYy eday

buK<lenaH rEmgrlwker]y> nUvehtuEdlZøab´esIc Zøab´niyay

sIlenHpg edayvtþenHpg edaytb;enHpg edayRBhμcriyZ(m

Zøab´elg CamYynwgmatuRKam kñúgkalBIedImç buK<lenaH rEmg

enHpg³ dUecñHç

eRtkGrnwgkarZøab´:nesIc CamYynwgmatuRKamCaedImenaH

nwgZm(enaH

.l.

tzaKt ehAza eKrEmgminrYcputcakTuk¡:neLIy .

CaRBahμN¾

.l.

min:nb¨HBal´cMeBaHkarb¨HBal´

nig

dl´nUvesckþIeRtkGr

cMeBaHZm(enaHç

mñal

RBahμN¾ sUm|IesckþIeRtkGr edIm|Icg´ekItCaeTvtaenH k*ehAza

mñalRBahμN¾ mYyeT[t buK<lxøH kñúgelakenH CasmN; ß

buK<lenaH rEmgeRtkGrnwgZm(enaH rEmgrIkray

eday

ZøúHpgç BBalpgç BRBuspg énRBhμcriyZm( ‘1’ ³

kardac´pgç dUecñHÉg .

buK<lBIr> ‘esBemzun’ mYyGenIøedaymatuRKameT .l. TaMgmin

Pav;énsIl mansIldac´CaedIm bNÐit Kb|IRCabza ²RBH

rlwker]y> nUvehtuEdlZøab´esIc Zøab´niyay Zøab´elg CamYy

manRBHPaK RTg´se®g<aHehIy edaykarEbkZøay ‘énsIl’ Edl

nwgmatuRKam kñúgkalBIedImeTç

Etza buK<lenaH rEmgeXIjnUv

KhbtI ßk* KhbtibuRt Edls,b´s,l´ mUlmiRt maneKbeRmI

manlaP

nig ysCaedImCaehtu 1

Rbkar 1³ dUc:neBalmkehIy . ‘esckþIpUrpg´énsIl’

edaykamKuN 5ç buK<lenaH rEmgeRtkGrnwgkareXIjnUvKhbtI ß

KhbtibuRt

kamKuN 5 enaH

Edls,b´s,l´ .l.

mUlmiRt

tzaKt ehAza

eday

cMENkxagPav;énsIl mansIlmindac´CaedIm elakrYbrYm

eKrEmgminrYcputcak

ehIy edaykarminEbkZøaynUvsik¡abTTaMgLay edayRbkarTaMg

maneKbeRmI

BYg 1

Tuk¡:neLIy . mñalRBahμN¾ mYyeT[t buK<lxøH kñúgelakenH CasmN; ß

CaRBahμN¾

.l.

edayemzunsMeyaK 7

min:nb¨HBal´cMeBaHkarb¨HBal´

eday

edaykarsMEdg nUvGabtþiTaMgLayEdlZøayehIy

xøÜnKb|IsMEdg:n 1

Edl

edaykarminmanénemzunsMeyaK 7 Rbkar

1 edayesckþIlÁdéTeT[t

KÅ edaykiriyaminekIteLIgén:bZ(m

buK<lBIr> ‘esBemzun’ mYyGenIøedaymatuRKameT .l. TaMgmin

TaMgLaymanCaGaTi¾ KW; ekaZ;ç óbnah;ç mk¡;ç blas;ç «sSaç

rlwker]y> nUvehtuEdlZøab´esIc Zøab´niyay Zøab´elg CamYy

mcäriy;ç

nwgmatuRKam

mT;ç bmaT; CaedIm 1

kñúgkalBIedImeTç

TaMgmineXIjnUvKhbtI

ßk*

KhbtibuRt .l. EdlmaneKbeRmIedaykamKuN 5 eTç Etza

1-

suÇ

mayaç

GMÇ

saezyü;ç

zmÖ;ç

sarmÖ;ç

manHç

GtimanHç

edaykarekIteLIgénKuNTaMgLay man

PaKTI 47 TMB&rTI 101

.


visuTÆimK< ERb

113

Gb|icätaKuNç snþúdðitaKuN nig seløxtaKuNCaedIm 1 . EmnBit ehIy

sIlTaMgLayÉNa

edIm|IRbeyaCn¾

EdlPik¡úmineZVIoEbkZøay

dl´eTasTaMgLay

manlaPCaedImkþI

114

sIlnieTÞs

RTusþsIlenH man 5 y¨ag ‘1’³ .

mnusSTaMgLay CaGñkKWsRBhμcarIbuK<lTaMgLay minKYreRb[n RbedA

sMEdgehIykþI EdlemzunsMeyaKTaMgLay ß :bZm(TaMgLay

RTusþsIl

manekaZ; nig óbnah;CaedIm min:ncUleTAeb[teb[nehIykþIç

sresIr

sIlTaMgLayenaH

CaGñkRTusþsIlenaH

sIlmindac´ç

sIlminZøúHç

sIlminBBalç sIlminBRBus edayRbkarTaMgBYg . TaMgLayenaHÉg

eQμaHza

CaGñkrYcxøÜnç eQμaHza sIl

CasIlrYcxøÜn

k*sIl

eRBaHkareZVInUvPaB

KWGñkR:C\sresIrehIy eRBaHPav;

buK<lRTusþ

sIl eRBaHehtuénxøÜnRTusþsIl rEmgminCaTIKab´citþéneTvta nig

TukCaPik¡úeZVIoEbkZøayehIy eRBaHeTas KWesckþIRbmaT Et:n

elakehAza

n&ymYyeT[t

CaGñkmanesckþITuk¡

vijeT[t Tuk¡

nimitþBakütiHed[l

edayPaBCaGñk

CaGñkmanesckþIekþARkhaysþayeRkay cMeBaHGñkmansIlTaMgLay

eQμaHza

kñúgG:y

buK<lenaH

minEtb¨ueNÑaH

nimitþBakü eRBaHPaB

CaGñkmansm|úrGaRkk´ç

CaGñkmansmösSeRKatRKat

mkodl´BYkCnTaMgLay

mü¨ag

eRBaHnaMesckþI

Edldl´nUvTidðanuKti

rbs´buK<lenaH Gs´raRtIkald*yUr eQμaHza CaGñkmantémøezak

énsIlenaH KWGñkR:C\TaMgLaysresIrehIyç eQμaHza CasIl

eRBaHeZVInUvPaB

minb¨HBal´ehIy eRBaHPav;énsIlenaH KWtNØa nig TidðiTaMgLay

EdlxøÜnTTYlnUveTyüZm(

min:nb¨HBal´RtUvehIy nig eQμaHza CasIl RbRBwtþeTARBm

sadkEdleKt|ajehIy edaysm|kéZμ EdlCasMBt´manB(N

edIm|IsmaZi eRBaHjúaMgóbcarsmaZi ß Gb|nasmaZi oRbRBwtþ

GaRkk´ mansmösSminlÁ nig mantémøezak dUecñaHÉg CaGñkKW

eTA:nRsYl .

eKsMGat:nedaykRm

bNÐitKb|IRCabza pUrpg´enHn@uH

ehtuenaH Pav;énsIlCasIlmindac´CaedImn@uH CaesckþIpUrpg´énsIlTaMgenaH .

rEmgseRmc edayGakar; 2

énkarminmanpleRcIn ‘rbs´BYkeK’

dl´BYkTaykTaMgLay ykmk

dUcCareNþAénlamk

dUcCasMBt´

EdlRtaMenA

Gs´

k*esckþI

kalCaeRcInqñaM CaGñkenAxageRkARsLH cakRbeyaCn¾TaMgBIr dUc

KW; edaykareXIj

CaósEdlbuK<ldutsaksB ‘eRbIkarmin:n’ dUecñaH TukCaebþC\a

eTasénsIlvibtþi 1 edaykareXIjGanisgSénsIlsm|tþi 1 .

nUvPaBénxøÜnza CaPik¡ú k*minEmnCaPik¡údEdl dUcCastVlaeQμal

‘eTasénsIlvibtþi’

edIrtamhVÚgeKa ‘minkøayeTACaeKa:neLIy’ CaGñkmanesckþItk´

bNþaeTas nig GanisgSTaMgBIrenaH cMENkeTas énsIl

søútCanic© dUcCabursEdlmaneB[rcMeBaHbuK<lCaTYeTA CaGñkmin

vibtþi bNÐit Kb|IeXIjtamn&y kñúgsutnþbidkCaedIm y¨agenH za

KYrenArYmCamYy dUcCasaksB sUm|IRbkbedayKuN mansut;

²mñalPik¡úTaMgLay eTasTaMgLay énsIlvibtþi

rbs´buK<lGñk

1- suÇ GMÇ bÇ PaKTI 45 TMB&rTI 247 .


visuTÆimK< ERb

115

116

sIlnieTÞs

CaedIm k*CaGñkminKYrdl´nUvkarbUCa énsRBhμcarIbuK<lTaMgLay

rnÞal senÆasenÆAehIy nig Pik¡úGg<úy ß edkObxtþiykJ¦akþI

eLIy

RBahμNkJ¦akþI KhbtikJ¦akþI Edlmanéd nig eCIgd*Tn´lVas

dUcCaePøIg

kñúgéRBsμsan

minKYrdl´karbUCa

rbs´BYk

RBahμN¾ CaGñkGP&BV kñúgkar:nsMerc nUvKuNviess dUcmnusS

lVn´ etIGMeBINa RbesIrCag/³ .

xVak´EPñk GP&BV kñúgkareXIjnUvrUb CaGñkminmanesckþIsg¹wm kñúg

Pik¡úTaMgLay RkabTUlza ²bBiRtRBHGg<d*ceRmIn Pik¡úGg<úy

RBHsTÆmμ dUckumarénCncNÐal minmanesckþIsg¹wm kñúgraC-

ß edkObxtþiykJ¦akþI RBahμNkJ¦akþI KhbtikJ¦akþI Edlman

sm|tþi ebITukCasMKal´‘xøÜn’za ²GatμaGj CaGñkmanesckþIsux³

édnigeCIgd*Tn´lVaslVn´n@uH

dUecñH k*eQμaHza CaGñkdl´ehIynUvesckþITuk¡Bit eRBaHPav;énxøÜn

ÉPik¡úGg<úy ß edkObKMnrePøIgZMÉeNaH

CaGñkmancMENkénesckþITuk¡ EdlRBHd*manRBHPaK Rtas´ehIy

rnÞal senÆasenÆAn@uH CaTuk¡lM:kBit³ .

kñúgGK<ik¡nÆbriyaysURt .

RbesIrCagç

RBHmanRBHPaKRtas´za

bBiRtRBHGg<d*ceRmIn EdlkMBugeqH

PøWRcal

²mñalPik¡úTaMgLay tzaKt R:b´

RBHGg<CaGñkeXIjplénkmμ

GñkTaMgLay mñalPik¡úTaMgLay tzaKtBnül´GñkTaMgLay Pik¡ú

Cak´c|as´ edayRbkarTaMgBYg kalRTg´sMEdgnUvesckþITuk¡d*exøac

Gg<úy ß edkObKMnrePøIgZMÉeNaH .l. GMeBIn@uHÉg RbesIrCagç

pSaéRkeBk GackñúgkiriyajúaMgesckþIekþARkhay kñúghb\T&y o

Pik¡úRTusþsIl manZm(GaRkk´ manmaryaTminsÁat EdlKYrrlwk

ekIteLIgehIy júaMgkiriyakÁÜténelahitd*ekþA oRbRBwtþeTA eday

edayesckþIreg,{s

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ebþC\axøÜnza CasmN; minEmnRBhμcarI EtebþC\axøÜnza CaRBhμcarI

RTusþsIlTaMgLay GñkmancitþeRtkGrrIkraynwgesckþIsux

sÁúyxagkñúg

BitdUecñaHEmn RBHmanRBHPaK

kñúg

biT:MgGMeBIGaRkk´

mancitþTTwkedayraK;

minEmnCasmN;

Et

CabuK<lmancitþeRCakRCak

karbriePaKnUvkamKuN 5 nig kñúgsamIcikmμ mankarzVaybg<M nig

enaHç dMeNIrenaH eRBaHehtuGVI/ mñalPik¡úTaMgLay eRBaHza Pik¡ú

karrab´GanCaedIm eTIbRTg´Rtas´ za ;

enaH dl´nUvesckþIsøab´ ß esckþITuk¡esÞIrEtsøab´ eRBaHEtGg<úy

²mñalPik¡úTaMgLay

ÉeNaH

ß edkObKMnrePøIgenaH ‘Etb¨ueNÑaH’ dl´EbkZøayragkay bnÞab´

Pik¡úTaMgLay

GMBImrN;eTA k*mineTAekIt kñúgG:y TuK<ti vini:t nrk eRBaHEt

GñkTaMgLayeXIjKMnrePøIgZM

EdlkMBugeqH PøWRcalrnÞal senÆasenÆAEdrß/³ .

TUlza ²RBHkruNaRBHGg<³ . RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´za ²mñal

Gg<úy ß edkObKMnrePøIgZMenaHeLIyç

Pik¡úTaMgLay GñkTaMgLay sm<al´nUvehtuenaHza dUcemþc/ç Pik¡ú

RTusþsIlenaH CaGñkmanZm(d*GaRkk´ manmaryaTminsÁat Edl

cUleTAGg<úy ß edkObKMnrePøIgZMÉeNaH EdlkMBugeqH PøWRcal

KYrrlwk

edayesckþIreg,{s

mñalPik¡úTaMgLay Pik¡úGñk

biT:MgnUvGMeBIGaRkk´

minEmnCa


visuTÆimK< ERb

117

smN; EtebþC\azaCasmN; minEmnCaRBhμcarI EtebþC\aza Ca

118

sIlnieTÞs mñalPik¡úTaMgLay

GñkTaMgLay

sm<al´esckþIenaH za

RBhμcarI CaGñksÁúyxagkñúg mancitþTTwkedayraK; mancitþeRCak

dUcemþc/

RCak Gg<úy ß edkObxtþiykJ¦akþI .l. mñalPik¡úTaMgLay

edayeRbg cMedIm®TUgç Pik¡ú eRtkGrnwgGJ¢likmμ rbs´xtþiy-

ehtuenaHÉg naMoPik¡úenaH :nesckþIvinas esckþITuk¡ Gs´kal

mhasalTaMgLay

yUr luHEbkZøayragkay bnÞab´GMBIsøab´eTA rEmgeTAekIt kñúg

KhbtimhasalTaMgLay etINa RbesIrCag / .l.

G:yç TuK<tiç vini:tç nrk ‘teTAeT[t’³ . RBHmanRBHPaK

luHRTg´sMEdgnUvTuk¡

ebIbursmankmøaMg BYynwglMEBgd*mut EdleKlab

ß

mñalPik¡úTaMgLay mankarbriePaK

nUv

dUcemþc /

RBahμNmhasalTaMgLay

GñkTaMgLay

ebIbursmankmøaMg

sm<al´esckþIenaH

EdlePøIgkMBugeqH PøWRcalrnÞal senÆasenÆAç

edayKMnrePøIg y¨agenHehIy eTIbRTg´sMEdgnUvTuk¡ Edlmankar

cIvr rbs´xtþiymhasalTaMgLay

zVaybg<M kareZVIGJ¢likmμ kareRbIR:s´cIvr biNÐ:t ERK taMg

sTÆa etINa RbesIrCag / .l.

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edayesckþIeRb[beZ[b

edayExSCavikar;

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dUcemþc /

xÞHEdk TaMgLayenH edayó:ydUcKñaenH za ;

EdlePøIgkMBugeqH

²mñalPik¡úTaMgLay

GñkTaMgLay

sm<al´esckþIenaH

za

za

eRsabkay edaybnÞHEdk d*ekþA

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nig

ßk*

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.l.

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EdleKoeday

sm<al´esckþIenaH

za

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Tg´Edgd*ekþA

PøWRcalrnÞal

EdlePøIgkMBugEteqH

senÆasenÆAehIy

dak´nUvdMu

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dUcemþc/ bursmankmøaMg Kb|IruMkYtnUvsμgTaMgBIr edayExSknÞúy

kñúgmat´ç

stVy¨agCab´ ExSenaH k*mutEs|ksm|úrézá luHmutEs|ksm|úrézá

rlakmat´pg

ehIy k*mutEs|kxagkñúg luHmutEs|kxagkñúgehIy k*mutsac´

rlYyTaMgeBaHev[nZM nig eBaHev[ntUc Zøak´rhUteTA xageRkampgç

luHmutsac´ehIy k*mutsrés luHmutsrésehIyk*mutqÁwg luH

Pik¡úqan´nUvbiNÐ:t rbs´xtþiymhasalTaMgLay

mutqÁwgehIy k*cucCab´eTAnwgxYrkñúgqÁwgç

Pik¡ú

eRtkGrnwgkiriya

zVaybg<M rbs´xtþiymhasalTaMgLay ß RBahμNmhasal

dMuTg´EdgenaH

Kb|IrlakbbUrmat´

rlakGNþatpg

rbs´bursenaHpg

rlak-kpg

rlakRTUgpg

.l.

Edl

eKoedaysTÆa etINa RbesIrCag / .l. mñalPik¡úTaMgLay

GñkTaMgLay

sm<al´esckþIenaH za

TaMgLay ßk* KhbtimhasalTaMgLay ‘TaMgBIrenH’ etINa

dUcemþc /

RbesIrCag / .l.

Rtg´-k ehIyTg<icoGg<úy ß oedkelIERKEdk ß taMgEdkd*ekþA

bursmankmøaMg cab´

‘bursÉeT[t’

Rtg´k|al

ß


visuTÆimK< ERb

119

EdlePøIgkMBugeqH PøWRcalrnÞal senÆasenÆAç

Pik¡ú eRbIR:s´

nUvERK ß taMg rbs´xtþiymhasalTaMgLay .l. EdleK oedaysTÆa etINa RbesIrCag/ .l. mñalPik¡úTaMgLay

GñkTaMgLay

sm<al´esckþIenaH

za

dUcemþc/

bursmankmøaMg cab´ ‘nUvbursÉeT[t’ yYreCIg ‘TaMgBIr’

eLIgelI

ok|alsMyugcuHeRkam

ehIye:HeTA

kñúgxÞHTg´Edg

k*ekþA EdlePøIgkMBugeqH PøWRcalrnÞal senÆasenÆAç kalburs enaH kMBugEteqHBuHpul kñúgxÞHTg´EdgenaH GENþteLIgmkelImþg liccuHeTAeRkammþg eTATTwgmþgç

Pik¡ú eRbIR:s´nUvvihar rbs´

xtþiymhasalTaMgLay

EdleKoedaysTÆa

RbesIrCag /

.l.

.l.

bursenaH

rEmgcUleTAekIt

.l.

etINa ‘1’ ³

dUecñHÉg . eRBaHehtuenaH

bNÐit

Kb|IRCabkiriyaeXIjeTas

kñúg

sIlvibtþi edaykarBicarNa edayn&ymanCaGaTi¾y¨agenH za ;

esckþIsuxkñúgkam manplCaTuk¡ Rkhl´Rkhay d*éRkElgCagTuk¡

EdlekItBIkarObnUvKMnrénePøIg

kalebIbuK<l mansIlZøayehIy minRBmlHbg´ ecjeT etIesckþIsux nwgmanmkGMBITINa . esckþIsux zVaybg<M

kñúgkiriyaTTYleRtkGr

nwgmandUcemþcekIt

nUvkarRkab

dl´buK<lEdlman

sIlvibtþi GñkmancMENk edayTuk¡d*éRkElg Cag 1- suÇ GMÇ sÇ PaKTI 47 TMB&rTI 233 .

120

sIlnieTÞs

Tuk¡ EdlekItGMBIkiriyakYt ß BYtnUvsμg edayExS EdlbuK<lRt:j´ edayeramknÞúystVd*maM / . esckþIsux

kñúgkarTTYleRtkGr

nUvGJ¢likmμ

énbuK<lGñkmansTÆaTaMgLay ÉNa EdlCaehtu énesckþITuk¡ d*éRkElgCagesckþITuk¡ EdlekItGMBI karRbharedaylMEBg

esckþIsuxenaHnwgmandl´

buK<lEdlminmansIl:n y¨agdUcemþcekIt / . smösS énbnÞHEdk d*qÁineqÁATaMgLay enAkñúg nrk EdlbuK<l‘RTusþsIl’ mins®gYmehIy Kb|I esay Gs´kaly¨agyUr edayesckþIsuxÉNaç esckþIsux

kñúgkareRbIR:s´cIvrenaH

nwgmandl´

buK<lGñkmin:ns®gYmehIy dUcemþcekIt / . biNÐ:t ebITukCamanrsCat d*qáaj´Bisa k* eRb[b:nnwgzñaMBis

d*ekø{vkøa

dl´buK<lEdlmin

mansIl EdlnwgRtUveTAelbdMuEdkTaMgLay Edl ePøIgeqHRcaleqÁA Gs´kald*yUrGEgVg . kiriyaeRbIR:s´nUvERK nig taMg rbs´buK<lGñk minmansIl ebITukCasnμtzaCasux k*Kg´dl´nUv esckþITuk¡Bit eRBaHza buK<lenaH nwgRtUvoERK nig taMg EdlCavikarénEdk d*qÁineqÁA EdlCaTuk¡TaMg Lay eb[teb[n Gs´kald*yUr .


visuTÆimK< ERb

esckþIeRtkGr

121

edaykarenAGaRs&y

122

sIlnieTÞs

kñúgvihar

:neLIy EtputRsLHehIycakesckþIsux kñúg

EdleKo edaysTÆa EbbNa nwgman dl´buK<l

GZiKmZm(TaMgGs´ manTVarcUleTAkan´sæansYK(biT

EdlRTusþsIl

CitQwgGs´ehIy

ebIbuK<lenaH

muxCanwgRtUveTAenA

GaRs&y kñúgkNþalénxÞHEdk EdlePøIgnrk eqHqab RBHelaknaz

CabrmRKUénstVelak

kalRTg´

Rtas´tiHed[l nUvbuK<lRTusþsIl ÉNa za ²CaGñk mansmacar

KYrnwkeXIjreg,{rcitþ

CaGñkmanCati

dUcCasMram ‘CaMkxVikkxVk´’ mancitþTTwkesIm eday raK; CabuK<llamk nig CaGñksÁúy xagkñúgpg³ dUecñHç

eZVIy! CIvit rbs´buKl < EdlRTusþsIl «t

R:C\a minEmnCasmN; EtlbRTRTg´nUvePT rbs´ CnCasmN;enaH rs´enARKan´EtkMdr nUvsMbk én GtþPaBTeT EdlkielscUleTAkMcat´bg´ CIkrMelIg sIlGs´ehIy . sb|úrsTaMgLay CaGñkmansIl

kñúgelakenH

Etgec[svag nUvbuK<lEdlRTusþsIl ÉNa dUcCa buK<lGñkeBjcitþxagRbdab´tak´Etgragkay

Etg

ec[svaglamk nig saksB k*dUecñaHEdrç CIvit rbs´buK<lRTusþsIlenaH nwgrs´enAEbbNa/ . buK<lEdlRTusþsIlenaH

eTAkan´G:y Etmüa¨gKt´ . buK<ldéT

senÆasenÆAdEdl / .

minputcakP&yTaMgBYg

manEteLIgeTAkan´pøÚvsMrab´

EbbNaesat

EdlKYrekItesckþI

kruNa dl´CnEdlRbkbedaykruNaKuN Edl esμIedaybuK<lRTusþsIl / eTaskñúgPaBénbuK<l EdlRTusþsIl maneRcInRbkar dUceBalmkenH³ nig kareXIj nUvGanisgS kñúgsIlsm|tþi bNÐit k*Kb|IeXIj edayn&yEdlpÞúyKñaGMBIbkar; EdleyIg:neBalehIy . n&ymYyvijeT[t

sIlrbs´Pik¡úNa CasIlbrisuTÆ minmanmnÞil

karRTRTg´:Rt nig cIvr rbs´Pik¡úenaH CaTInaMmknUv esckþIRCHzøa TaMgbBVC¢a rbs´Pik¡úenaH k*manpl .

P&y manP&yGMBIkartiHed[lxøÜnCaedIm minEdl

Zøak´cuHkan´hb\T&y rbs´Pik¡ú EdlmansIlbrisuTÆ

eLIy hak´bIdUcCaRBHGaTitü EdlminEdlZøak´cuH mkkan´TIggwt y¨agenaHÉg . Pik¡úGñkmansIl

kallÁkñúgéRBKWtb; rEmglÁ

edaykardl´RBménsIl dUcRBHc&nÞlÁ nakNþal

énRsTab´emX edaysm|tþiénrsμIdUecñaH .


visuTÆimK< ERb

RtwmEtkøinkay

123

rbs´Pik¡úEdlmansIl

k*GaceZVI

nUvesckþIrIkraycitþ dl´eTvtaTaMgLay :neTA ehIy nwgeBaleTAdUcemþc dl´køinénsIlesat . køinrbs´sIl rEmgRKbsg,t´nUvsm|tþi énKnÆ CatTaMgLayTaMgBYg:n

EtgpSayeTAkan´Tis

TaMgdb´ minmaneTIsTak´eLIy . sk,ar; EdlTaykeZVIehIy kñúgbuK<lEdlman sIl

ebITukNaCabnþicbnþÜc

k*Kg´manpleRcIn

eRBaHza buK<lGñkmansIl cat´Tukza CaPaCn; sRmab´tMkl´nUveRK]gbUCa nig sk,ar; . GasvZm(TaMgLay Edlmankiriyasmøab´ nig kiriyacgCaedIm kñúgbc©úb|nñ minGaceb[teb[n nUv buK<lEdlmansIl:neLIy

minRtwmEtb¨ueNÑaH

esat buK<lGñkmansIl EtgCIkrMelIgnUvb\sKl´ énesckþITuk¡ enAkñúgbrelaknayTaMgLay . sm|tþi kñúgfanmnusSkþI sm|tþikúñgfaneTvtakþI kalebIbuK<lEdlmansIlbribUN( RtUvkarcg´:n ehIy sm|tþiTaMgGs´enaHminCaRkIRkesaHeLIy . mü¨ageT[t niBVansm|tþi enHÉNa EdlCaKuN Catisáb´knøg ‘minmankarRkhl´Rkhay eday kiels’

citþ rbs´Pik¡ú EdlmansIlbribUN( k*

124

sIlnieTÞs

rEmg EtsÞúHeTAer]y > kan´niBVansm|tþienaHÉg . RBHeyaKavcrkulbuRt

CabNÐit

Kb|IcMerInnUv

GanisgS d*edrdas edayGakar;CaGenk kñúgsIl EdlCab\sKl´

énsm|tþiTaMgBYg

oviesseLIg

tamn&yEdl:neBalehIy y¨agenHÉg . eRBaHza kalebIbNÐit sMEdgsIloc|as´las´ y¨agenH ehIy citþ rEmggakecjGMBIsIlvibtþiehIy CaZmμCateTarTn´eTA kan´sIlsm|tþi .

eRBaHehtuenaH Pik¡ú eXIjeTas kñúgsIlvibtþi

enH nig GanisgS kñúgsIlsm|tþienH dUc:neBalehIy Kb|I CRmHsIl o:nbrisuTÆpUrpg´ edayesckþIRbwgERbgRKb´Rbkar . ÉsIl kñúgvisuTÆimK< EdlRBHmanRBHPaK RTg´sMEdgehIy edayZm(CaRbZan

KW sIlç smaZiç bJ¦a

²sIel btidðay nera sbeJ¦a³

dUecñH

edayKazaenH za ; KWx\úMsMEdgmuneKehIy

edayesckþIGtæaZib|aymanRbmaNb¨ueNÑHÉg . briecäT TI1 eQμaHsIlnieTÞs kñúgKm¬IrvisuTÆimK< KÅx\úMrcnaehIy edIm|IRbeyaCn¾ dl´karjúaMgsaZuCnorIkray edayRbkardUecñH . v

x

v

er[ber[g cb´edaybribUN( enAézáGg<ar 8 erac ExTutiyasaZ qñaMkur Gdðs&k BÇsÇ 2539 RtUvnwgézáTI6 ExsIha KÇsÇ 1996 evlaem¨ag 3 knøH láac


Zutg<nieTÞs

125

‘37’ «LÚvenH esckþIpUrpg´énsIl manRbkarKWeyIgeBal ehIy

rEmgman

edayKuNTaMgLay

manGb|icäitaKuN

nig

snþúdðitaKuNCaedImÉNa

RBHeyaKIGñkmansIlsmaTanehIy

Kb|IeZVIkarsmaTannUvZutg<

‘CabnþeTAeT[t’

edIm|IjúaMgKuNTaMg

LayenaH o:nseRmc eRBaHza kalebIeZVIy¨agenH sIlpg rbs´RBHeyaKIenaH

manmnÞilKWxøÜnlagehIy

edayTwkKWKuN

manesckþIR:zñaticç esckþIsenþasç esckþIdusxat´ç esckþIsáb´ sáat´ç karminsnSMç karR:rBÆesckþIBüayam nig KuNmankar

126

Zutg<nieTÞs 2- etcIvrikg<; 3-

Gg<rbs´Pik¡úGñkmanEtéRtcIvr CaRbRktIç

biNÐ:tikg<; Gg<rbs´Pik¡úGñkmankiriyaRtac´eTA edIm|I

biNÐ:t CaRbRktIç 4- sbTancarikg<; edIm|IbiNÐ:t

Gg<rbs´Pik¡ú

er[gtamlMdab´pÞH CaRbRktIç

5- Ékasnikg<;

Gg<rbs´Pik¡ú GñkmankiriyabriePaK nUv

ePaCn EtkñúgGasn; 1 CaRbRktIç 6- btþbiNÐikg<;

Gg<rbs´Pik¡ú

ciJ©wmgayCaedIm nwgCasIlbrisuTÆlÁ vtþTaMgLaypg rbs´RBH

ePaCn Etkñúg:Rt CaRbRktIç

eyaKIenaH k*nwg:nseRmcç ‘RBHeyaKI’ GñkmansmacarTaMgBYg

7- xlubcäaPtþikg<;

brisuTÆ edayKuNKWsIl nig vtþEdlminmaneTas y¨agdUecñH ehIy nwgCaGñkeQμaHza tm,l´enAs)b´ehIy kñúgvgSénRBHGriy; 3 Rbkar

Edlmankñúgkalmun CaGñkKYrdl´kiriya:nseRmc nUv

GriyvgS TI4 eBalKWPaBénxøÜnmanPavna CaTImkeRtkGr ehtu Naç

ehtuenaH EmnBit

eyIgnwgR:rBÆ ‘epþIm’ nUvZutg<kza ‘dUcteTA’ .

RBHmanRBHPaK

RTg´Rtas´GnuJ¦atZutg<TaMgLay

13 y¨ag dl´kulbuRtTaMgLayEdlmanelakamislHbg´ehIy GñkminGaeLaHGal&y kñúgkay nig CIvit GñkR:zña edIm|IjúaMg Gnuelamb|dibTa oseRmcEtmü¨ag .

Zutg< TaMg 13 y¨agenH

KWGVIxøH/ . Zutg<TaMg 13 enaH KW ; 1- bMsukUlikg<; Gg<rbs´Pik¡ú GñkmankiriyaRTRTg´nUvsMBt´ bMsukUlCaRbRktIç

GñkmankiriyaRtac´eTA

GñkmankiriyabriePaK

Gg<rbs´Pik¡ú

nUv

Gñkmankiriyaminqan´

nUvbcäaPtþ CaRbRktIç 8- GarJ¦ikg<;

Gg<rbs´Pik¡ú GñkmankiriyaenAEtkñúgéRB Ca

RbRktIç 9- ruk¡mUlikg<;

Gg<rbs´Pik¡ú GñkmankiriyaenAGaRs&yeT[b

Kl´eQI CaRbRktIç 10- GeBÖakasikg<;

Gg<rbs´Pik¡ú GñkmankiriyaenAGaRs&y

kñúgTIval CaRbRktIç 11- esasanikg<;

Gg<rbs´Pik¡ú

GñkmankiriyaenAGaRs&y

kñúgéRBsμsan CaRbRktIç 12- yzasnætikg<;

Gg<rbs´Pik¡ú GñkmankiriyaenA EtkñúgTI

esnasn; Edlsg¹sMEdgo CaRbRktIç 13- ensC¢ikg<;

Gg<rbs´Pik¡ú GñkmankiriyaenA edaykar


visuTÆimK< ERb

127

Gg<úyCaRbRktI .

Zutg<nieTÞs

²Gg<³ .

Gg<n@uH

edayn&ydUcKñaenHEdr cIvr 3

‘Pik¡úenaH’ eQμaHza mancIvr 3 CaRbRktI .

RbePT 1 edaykarEbkZøay 1 edayGanisgS én

cIvr 3 CaRbRktI

edaykarEvk

eQμaHza

Gg<énPik¡ú Gñkman

Gg<énPik¡úGñkmancIvr 3 CaRbRktI .

ÉkarZøak´cuHnUvdMu énGamisTaMgLay eBalKWPik¡a ehtuenaH

EjkKuNmanZutg<KuNCaedIm 1 edayseg¡b nig

eQμaHza biNÐ:t .

edayBisþar 1 .

‘mYyeT[t’ karZøak´cuHéndMu:yTaMgLay

EdlCnTaMgLaydéT oehIy ‘vinicä&yedayGtæ’

bNþabTTaMgenaH nwgvinicä&y

Baküza

eBalKW sg¹adIç cIvrç s|g´ CaRbRktI énPik¡úenH eRBaHehtuenaH

CaedIm 1 edaykarsmaTan 1 edayviZI 1 eday edaykusltiþk; 1

edaykarsmaTanNaç

CaeQμaH énkarsmaTanenaH³ .

edayGakar;TaMgLay manlk¡N;

Zutg<enaH> 1

ehtuenaH bNÐit Kb|IRCabza ²Pik¡úenaH CaGñkman

sMBt´bMsukUlCaRbRktI

esckþIvinicä&y kñúgZutg<enaH bNÐitKb|IRCab eday GtæviK<h; 1

128

ehtuenaH

eQμaHza biNÐ:t .

GZib|ayza ²karZøak´cuH kñúg:Rt éndMu:yTaMgLay EdlBYkCn

edayGtæviK<h;

Camunç

cIvr

déToehIy³ .

Pik¡úNa EsVgrk KÅcUleTArkRtkUlenaH> EsVg

ÉNa eRb[bdUcCa KWbuK<lKYrex¬Im dUcCaGacm¾dI kñúgTIenaH> eRBaH

rknUvbiNÐ:tenaH eRBaHehtuenaH ‘Pik¡úenaH’ eQμaHza GñkEsVg

Pav;éncIvrenaH fitenAelIGacm¾dITaMgLay kñúgTITaMgLay man

rknUvbiNÐ:t . mü¨ageT[t karZøak´eTA edIm|IbiNÐ:tCavtþ rbs´

pøÚvZøaç éRBsμsanç KMnrsMramCaedIm TINamYyç ehtuenaH cIvr

Pik¡úenH ehtuenaH ‘Pik¡úenaH’ eQμaHza GñkRtac´eTAedIm|IbiNÐ:t

enaH eQμaHza bMsukUl . müa¨geT[t cIvrNa dl´nUvPaBKWbuK<l

Cavtþ .

KYrex¬Im dUcGacm¾dI eRBaHehtuenaH cIvrenaH eQμaHza bMsukUl . GZib|ayza ²cIvrenaH dl´nUvPaBKWbuK<lKb|Iex¬ImdUcCaGacm¾dI³ . karRTRTg´cIvr EdlbuK<lKYrex¬ImdUcCaGacm¾dI manGtæviK<h; :n ehIy y¨agenH eQμaHza sMBt´bMsukUl .

sMBt´bMsukUl Ca

RbRktIénPikú¡enH ehtuenaH ‘Pik¡úenaH’ eQμaHza mansMBt´bMsukUl CaRbRktI .

Gg<énPik¡úGñkmansMBt´bMsukUl CaRbRktI eQμaHza

Gg< énPik¡úGñkmansMBt´bMsukUl CaRbRktI .

ehtu elakehAza

Baküza ²karZøak´eTA³ esckþIza karRtac´eTA .

Pik¡úGñk

Rtac´eTA edIm|IdMu:yCavtþhñwgÉg eQμaHza Pik¡úGñkRtac´eTA edIm|I dMu:yCavtþ .

Gg<énPik¡úGñkRtac´eTA edIm|IdMu:yCavtþ eQμaHza

Gg<énPik¡úGñkRtac´eTA edIm|IdMu:yCavtþ . kardac´

elakehAza

eQμaHza GbTan; . ÉNa eQμaHza

kareTAR:scakkardac´

GZib|ayza ²karmindac´³ .

RbRBwtþeTAmYyGenøI

sbTan; .

Tan; .

edaykarmindac´

karRtac´eTA

karRtac´eTAenaH

GZib|ayza ²karRtac´eTAR:scakkar


visuTÆimK< ERb

129

dac´ KWkarRtac´eTA tamlMdab´énpÞH³ dUecñH .

130

Zutg<nieTÞs

kiriyaRtac´eTA mYy

eRBaHeZIVesckþIsMKal´dl´karqan´nUvbcäaPtþ kñúgbcäaPtþePaCnenaH

GenøIedaykarR:scakkardac´enH CaRbRktI rbs´Pik¡úenH eRBaH

kiriyaqan´nUvbcäaPtþ CaRbRktI rbs´Pik¡úenH ehtuenaH ‘Pik¡úenaH’

ehtuenaH ‘Pik¡úenaH’ eQμaHza GñkmankarRtac´eTAkan´lMdab´énpÞH

eQμaHza bcäaPtþik; . Pik¡úGñkminmankiriyaqan´nUvbqäaPtþCaRbRktI

CaRbRktI. Pik¡úGñkmankarRtac´eTAkan´lMdab´énpÞHCaRbRktIhñwgÉg

eQμaHza Pik¡úGñkminmankiriyaqan´PtþEdlxøÜnhamXat´ehIy :n

eQμaHza

mk kñúgkalCaxageRkayCaRbRktI . Baküza ²bcäaPtþ³ enH Ca

Pik¡úGñkmankiriyaRtac´eTAkan´lMdab´énpÞHCaRbRktIç

énPik¡úGñkmankiriyaRtac´eTA kan´lMdab´pÞHCaRbRktIenaH

Gg<

eQμaHza

Gg<énPik¡úGñkmankiriyaRtac´eTA kan´lMdab´pÞHCaRbRktI . karqan´ kñúgGasn;EtmYy eQμaHza Ékasn; . karqan´kúñg Gasn;EtmYyenaHCaRbRktI rbs´Pik¡úenH eRBaHehtuenaH ‘Pik¡úenaH’ eQμaHza Gñkmankarqan´ kñúgGasn;mYyCaRbRktI . Gg<énPik¡úGñk mankarqan´ kñúgGasn;mYy CaRbRktIenaH eQμaHza Gg<énPik¡úGñk mankarqan´ kúñgGasn;mYyCaRbRktI . dMu:y kñúg:RtEtmYyb¨ueNÑaH eRBaHPaCn; TI2 KWPik¡úXat´ ehIy eQμaHza dMu:ykñúg:Rt .

«LÚvenH

eRBaHeZVInUvesckþI

sMKal´nUvdMu:y kñúg:Rt kñúgkalCaTITTYlnUvdMu:y kñúg:Rtç dMu:ykñúg:Rt CaRbRktI rbs´Pik¡úenH eRBaHehtuenaH ‘Pik¡úenaH’ eQμaHza GñkmandMu:ykñúg:Rt CaRbRktI . Gg< énPik¡úGñkman dMu:ykñúg:Rt

CaRbRktI

rbs´Pik¡úenaH

eQμaHza

Gg<énPik¡úGñk

mandMu:ykñúg:Rt CaRbRktI . Baküza ²xlu³ Cani:t‘RbRBwtþeTA’ kñúgGtæza hamXat´ . Ptþ

EdlPik¡úCaGñkhamXat´ehIy:nmk

kñúgkalCaxageRkay

eQμaHza bcäaPtþ . karqan´nUvbcäaPtþenaH k*eQμaHzabcäaPtþEdr .

eQμaHénGtiritþePaCn EdlhamXat´ehIy edayGMNacénkiriya smaTan .

cMENkkúñgGdðkza elakeBal za ²stVsøabmYy

k|al eQμaHxlu stVsøabenaH BaMnUvEpøeQI:nehIy kalebI EpøeQIenaH RCuHZøak´ehIy k*minsIuEpøeQIdéTeT[teTç Pik¡úenH dUc CastVsøabenaH eRBaHehtuenaH ‘Pik¡úenaH’ eQμaHza Gñkmankiriya minqan´ nUvbcäaPtþ CaRbRktI

dUcCastVsøab eQμaHxlu .

Gg<

énPik¡úCaxlubcäaPtþik;enaH eQμaHza xlubcäaPtþikg<; . karenAkñúgéRB eQμaHza GrJ¦; .

karenA kñúgéRBenaH Ca

RbRktI rbs´Pik¡úenH eRBaHehtuenaH ‘Pik¡úenaH’ eQμaHza Gñkman kiriyaenA kñúgéRBCaRbRktI .

Gg< énPik¡úGñkmankiriyaenA kñúgéRB

CaRbRktIenaH eQμaHza GarJ¦ikg<; . karenAeT[bKl´eQI eQμaHza ruk¡mUl .

karenAeT[bKl´

eQIenaH rbs´Pik¡úenH eRBaHehtuenaH ‘Pik¡úenaH’ eQμaHza Gñkman karenAeT[bKl´eQICaRbRktI . Kl´eQI CaRbRktIenaH

eQμaHza

Gg< énPik¡úGñkmankarenAeT[b

ruk¡mUlikg<; .

n&ysUm|IkñúgGeBÖakasikg<; nig esasanikg<;

k*n&ydUcenHEdr .

esnasn; EdlPik¡úRkalehIy y¨agNan@uHÉg

eQμaHza


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132

Zutg<nieTÞs

esnasn;EdlPik¡úRkalehIyy¨agNa . Baküza ²yzasnæt;³ enH KÅCaeQμaHénesnasn; EdlPik¡úCaesnasnbJ¦abk; sMEdg ehIy

CadMbUg

y¨agenHza

²esnasn;enH

RtUv:ndl´elak³

dUecñH.

karenAelIesnasn; EdleKRkalehIyy¨agNaenaH Ca

‘vinicä&yedaylk¡N;CaedIm’ k*Zutg<TaMgGs´enHÉg lk¡N;

.

manectnaCaeRK]gsmaTan

smdUcCaBaküEdlelak:neBalza

Zm(TaMgLayenaH

kiriyaenAelIesnasn; EdleKRkalehIyy¨agNa CaRbRktI .

smaTan Na karsmaTanenaH eQμaHza Zutg<ç

Gg<

hamXat´nUvkic©Naç

EdleKRkalehIy

y¨agNa CaRbRktIenaH eQμaHza yzasnætikg<; .

Pik¡úenH

ehtuenaH ‘Pik¡úenaH’ eQμaHza GñkmankarXat´ nUvkaredk

ehIy enAedaykarGg<úyCaRbRktI . Gg< énPik¡úGñkmankarXat´ nUvkaredkehIy

enAedaykarGg<úy

CaRbRktIenaH

citþ

nig

ectsikç

kic©enaH eQμaHza vtæú ³ .

ectnaCaeRK]g ‘vcIbeyaK’

mYyeT[t

Zutg<

manesckþI

minelaP Caehtuç manZm(d*RbesIrç manPaBCaGñkR:zñatic Ca edIm Capl . Lay

bNÐit Kb|IRCabesckþIvinicä&y edayGakar;TaMg

manlk¡N;CaedIm

eQμaHza

ensC¢ikg<; .

kñúgZutg<nieTÞsenHy¨agenH .

‘vinicä&yedaykarsmaTan nig viZICaedIm’ ‘38’

Zutg<

:ndl´

TaMgGs´hñwgÉg mankarkMcat´bg´esckþIelμaP Cakic©ç

karXat´nUvkaredkehIy enAedaykarGg<úy CaRbRktI rbs´

²GñkNa

smaTanç GñkenaH :ndl´ buK<lç buK<lsmaTan edayZm(Na

RbRktI rbs´Pik¡úenH eRBaHehtuenaH ‘Pik¡úenaH’ eQμaHza Gñkman

énPik¡úGñkmankiriyaenAelIesnasn;

Ca

cMENkesckþIvinicä&y kñúgbTTaMg 5 manbTCaedIm za

eRBaHCaGg<

²smaTanviZaneta³ dUecñH bNÐit Kb|IRCab dUcteTA . Zutg<TaMg

rbs´Pik¡úEdleQμaHza Zut; ‘GñkkMcat´bg´nUvkiels’ eRBaHPav;

LayTaMgBYghñwgÉgç kalRBHd*manRBHPaK RTg´ZrmanenAeLIyç

CaGñkkMcat´bg´nUvkiels edaykarsmaTanenaH> .

Pik¡ú®tUvsmaTan kúñgsMNak´énRBHmanRBHPaKBitç kalebIRBHman

cMENkGg<TaMgGs´hñwgÉg

eQμaHza

müa¨geT[t

eQμaHza Zutg< eRBaHmanjaNEdl:nevaharza ²Zut;³ eRBaH CaeRK]gkMcat´bg´nUvkielsCaGg< . enaH

eQμaHza

müa¨gvijeT[t Gg<TaMgLay

Zut; eRBaHkMcat´bg´nUvZm(EdlCaswksRtUvTaMg

RBHPaKRTg´briniBVaneTAehIyç Pik¡úRtUvsmaTan kñúgsMNak´énRBH mhasavkç kalebIRBHmhasavkenaHminmaneTç Pik¡úRtUvsmaTan kñúgsMNak´énRBHxINaRsBç

RBHGnaKamIç

RBHskTaKamIç

RBH

Lay:npg CaGg<énkarRbtibtþipg eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbeQμaHza

esatabnñç

Zutg< .

bidkBIrç RBHezr;GñkRTRTg´bidkmYyç RBHezr;GñkepÞ{gpÞat´nikay

bNÐit Kb|Idwgc|as´esckþIvinicä&y edayGtæviK<h; kñúg

Baküza Zutg<enH y¨agenH CamunsincuH .

RBHezr;GñkRTRTg´nUvRBHéRtbidkç

RBHezr;GñkRTRTg´

mYyç RBHGdðkzacarüç kalebIRBHGdðkzacarüenaH minmaneTç Pikú¡


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Zutg<nieTÞs

4- sg,arecaL;

sMBt´EdleKecalelIKMnrsMramç

RTRTg´nUvZutg<enaH minmaneTç Pik¡úRtUve:slanRBHectiy Gg<úy

5- esatæiy;

sMBt´EdleKCUtnUvmnÞilénK(Pç

RcehagehIy eBalsmaTanodUcCaeBalsmaTan kñúgsMNak´

6- nhanecaL;

sMBt´EdleBTübeNþjPUt ykeTATTUr

RtUvsmaTan

kñúgsMNak´énPik¡úGñkRTRTg´nUvZutg<ç

énRBHsmμasm¬úTÆdUecñaH.

EtebIPik¡úGñk

mYyeT[t sUm|IPik¡úsmaTanedayxøÜnÉg

RKbGñkCMgW licTaMgk|alpáÚtTwkehIyecalç 7- titæecaL;

sMBt´EdleKecalenAEk|rkMBg´gUtTwkç

er]génesckþIR:zñatic kñúgZutg< rbs´RBHezr;Cabg énRBHezr;

8- Ktb|c©aKt;

sMBt´EdlGñkeTAkan´TIsμsanecalç

EdlRtUvCabgbÁÚnnwgKñaBIrnak´ kñúgectiybB(t . enHCaBaküEdl

9- GK<iTF¿;

sMBt´EdlRtUvePøIgeqHehIyeKecalç

eBaledayTYeTA CadMbUgsin .

10- eKaxayit;

sMBt´EdleKaGeg,{msIuehIyeKecalç

k*:ndUcKñaBit .

k*kñúgkarsmaTan edayxøÜnÉgenH RtUvsMEdg

«LÚvenH eyIgnwgBN(na nUvkar

smaTanç viZIç RbePTç karEbkZøay nig GanisgS TaMgLay

11- óbcikaxayit;

énZutg<mYy > ‘dUcteTAenH’ ;

12- ónÞÚrxayit;

sMBt´EdlkNþúrkat´ehIyeKecalç

13- Gnþcäinñ;

sMBt´Edldac´ercRtg´rwmç

14- Tscäinñ;

sMBt´EdlercRtg´Cayç

15- ZCahd;

sMBt´EdleKcgeZVITg´enAkúñgTIcm|aMgç

16- zUbcIvr;

sMBt´EdleKrMuB&TÆdMbUkeZVIBlikmμç

17- smNcIvr;

sMBt´rbs´smN;ç

18- GaPieskik;

sMBt´EdleKecalRtg´TIraCaPieskç

19- «TÆimy;

sMBt´EdlseRmcedayb\TÆiç

20- bnæik;

sMBt´EdlRCuHenAkNþalpøÚvç

21- vatahd;

sMBt´Edlxül´kYcrsat´ykeTAqáayç

22- eTvTtþiy;

sMBt´EdleTvtapøúgoç

23- samuTÞiy;

sMBt´EdlrlksmuRTpat´mkelIeKakç

ehIyEhksac´sMBt´

EdlBukpuyecalehIy e:kKk´CRmH

1- bMsukUlikg<;

‘viZIsmaTan kñúgbMsukUlikg<;’ ‘39’

Cabfm

bMsukUlikg<Zutg<

KWCaZutg<

EdlPik¡úRtUv

smaTan edayBaküTaMgBIrenH BaküNamYy za ²x\Mú hamXat´ nUvKhbtiTancIvrç

x\úM smaTannUvbMsukUlikZutg<³ dUecñH .

enH

CakarsmaTan kúñgbMsukUlikg<Zutg<enH CadMbUg . ‘viZIkñúgbMsukUlikg<;’ k*RBHeyaKIenaH

GñkmanZutg<smaTanehIy

y¨agenH

TTYlyknUvcIvr ‘sMBt´’ TaMgLayenH cIvrNamYy KW ; 1- esasanik;

sMBt´EdlZøak´kñúgéRBsμsanç

2- :bNik;

sMBt´EdlZøak´cuHeT[branpSarç

3- rziyecaL;

sMBt´EdleKe:HecalRtg´pøÚvrzç

RtUv

sMBt´EdlkeNþ{rekarç


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Zutg<nieTÞs

sac´sMBt´EdlenAmaMmYn eZVICacIBr pøas´KhbticIvrcas´ ecj

sMBt´EdlmnusSTaMgLay kaleLIgCiHnava cgCaTg´C&yehIy

ehIyeRbIR:s´cuH .

eTIbeLIg eQμaHza ZCahd; .

bNþasMBt´TaMgenaH sMBt´EdlZøak´cuHkñúgTIsμsan eQμaHza

karEdlPik¡úkan´yknUvsMBt´enaH

kalebIputknÞúyEPñk énmnusSTaMgenaHehIy k*smKYr .

sUm|I

esasanik; . sMBt´EdlZøak´cuHehIy Rtg´mat´TVarranpSar eQμaH

sMBt´Na EdleKcgCaTg´ehIy TukkñúgTIcm|aMgç kñúgeBlEdl

za :bNik; .

TahanTaMgBIrbkSeTAehIy Pik¡úkan´yknUvsMBt´enaHk*KYr . sMBt´

sMBt´EdlbuK<lRtUvkar edaybuNüTaMgLay

ecalenARtg´pøÚvrz tamcenøaH énbgÁÜc eQμaHza rziyecaL; . sMBt´EdleKecalenAelITIsMram eQμaHza sg,arecaL; . sMBt´ EdleKCUtmnÞilK(PehIyecal eQμaHza esatæiy; .

:n»mk

EdleKrMuB&TÆdMbUkehIy eZVIBlikmμ eQμaHza zUbcIvr; . EdlCarbs´Pik¡úpgKña eQμaHza smNcIvr; . ecalkñúgTIraCaPiesk eQμaHza GaPieskik; .

sMBt´

sMBt´EdleK

cIvr rbs´ÉhiPik¡ú

za mata rbs´Gamatü eQμaHtisS; oeKyksMBt´ ézømYyEsn

eQμaHza «TÆimy; .

CUtmnÞilénK(PehIy

bnæik; . k*sMBt´Na EdlZøak´eRBaHesckþIePøcPøaMgsti énm©as´

oeK‘ykeTAecalRtg´pøÚv

eQμaHtalevLI

sMBt´EdlZøak´cuH Ek|rcenøaHpøÚv

eQμaHza

edayKit za ²BYkPik¡ú GñkmankiriyaRTRTg´ nUvsMBt´bMsukUl Ca

TaMgLayç

RbRktI nwgkan´yk³ .

sMBt´Edlxül´bk´pat´ oZøak´cuHkñúgTIqáay eQμaHza vatahd; .

Pik¡úTaMgLay kan´yk edIm|I ‘b¨H’ sMBt´

Edlcas´‘rEhk’Etmü¨ag .

CnTaMgLayEdlBYkRKUexμac opáÚt

TwkRBmTaMgk|alehIy ecalsMBt´ NanImYy edIreTA edaykar sMKal´ za ²sMBt´enaH KWCasMBt´kalkNÑI³ sMBt´enaH eQμaHza

nhanecaL; . kMNat´sMBt´cas´> EdleKecalehIyRtg´kMBg´ sRmab´gUtTwk eQμaHza titæecaL; . RtLb´mkvij

gUtTwkeRscehIy

eQμaHza Ktb|c©aKt; . za GK<iTF¿; .

BYkmnusSeTAkan´TIsμsan

k*ecalsMBt´Na

sMBt´enaH

sMBt´EdlRtUvePøIgeqH‘xøH’ehIy eQμaH

mnusSTaMgLay EtgecalnUvsMBt´enaHpgEdr.

sMBt´enaH Pikú¡RtUvrkSabnþicsinehIy caMkan´yk .

k*karEdlPik¡úmineXIjm©as´TaMgLay kan´yksMBt´enaH k*KYr . sMBt´ ÉNa EdleTvtaTaMgLayoehIy dUcCasMBt´Edlnag laCeTvZIta RbeKndl´RBHGnuruTÆetærdUecñaHç sMBt´enaH eQμaHza

eTvTtþiy; . sMBt´ EdlrlkénsmuRTTaMgLay pat´oGENþt eLIgmkelIeKak eQμaHza samuTÞiy; . cMENksMBt´Na EdlBYkTaykRbeKnehIy edayBaküza ²eyIgTaMgLayRbeKndl´sg¹³ dUecñHkþI EdlPik¡úTaMgLay kal Rtac´eTA edIm|IsUmkMNat´sMBt´

sMBt´TaMgLay mansMBt´EdleKaGeg,{mCaedIm R:kdehIyEmn

eQμaHza sMBt´bMsukUleT .

Bit .

k*bNÐit Kb|IRCabEdr .

eRBaHza mnusSTaMgLay EtgecalnUvsMBt´EbbenaH .

:nmkehIykþIç

sMBt´enaH min

sUm|IkñúgsMBt´ EdlPik¡úpgKña o

sMBt´Na EdlPik¡úGñkEckcIvr Ecko


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tamlMdab´vsSakþI CacIvrRbcaMesnasn;kþIç sMBt´enaH mineQμaH

138

Zutg<nieTÞs

éneCIg eQμaHza zñak´muTu ‘zñak´Tab’ .

za sMBt´bMsukUleTç sMBt´EdlPik¡úCacIvrPaCk; min:noehIy n@uHÉg eTIbeQμaHza sMBt´bMsukUl .

‘karEbkZøay kñúgbMsukUlikg<;’

sUm|IkñúgsMBt´bMsukUl

Zutg<

rbs´bMsukUlikPik¡úTaMg 3

BYkenaH

BYkNanImYy

dUecñaH sMBt´Na EdlBYkTayk TukehIyeT[bTICiteCIgrbs´Pik¡úç

k*eday rEmgEbkZøay kñúgxN;EdlPik¡úeRtkGr nUvsMBt´Edl

EtPik¡úenaH TukRbeKn elIédrbs´bMsukUlikPik¡úç sMBt´enaH eQμaH

RKhsæTaMgLayRbeKnehIy tamesckþIeBjcitþrbs´xøÜn .

za brisuTÆEtm¡ag . sMBt´Na EdlBYkTayk TukRbeKnehIy

CakarEbkZøay kñúgbMsukUlikg<;n@uH .

elIédrbs´Pik¡úç

Etza Pik¡úenaH dak´eT[bTICiteCIgç

enaH k*eQμaHza ÉketasuTÆik;Edr .

sUm|IsMBt´

bMsukUlikPik¡ú’ edayTMngdUcKñaEdrç sMBt´enaH eQμaHza óPeta

suTÆik; ‘brisuTÆTaMgBIrxag’ .

sMBt´Na EdlPik¡ú:nmk eRBaH

Taykdak´kñúgédehIy Pik¡úenaH dak´kñúgéd‘énbMsukUlikPik¡ú’ dUcKñaç sMBt´enaH eQμaHza cIvrminóRkidð . énsMBt´bMsukUlenH

bMsukUlikPik¡ú KYrdwgRbePT

edayRbkardUecñHehIy

eRbIR:s´cIvrcuH

.

enH KWCaBiZI ‘Rbtibtþi’ kñúgbMsukUlikg<;enH .

ÉRbePT bNÐit Kb|IRCab dUcteTA. BYk KW zñak´óRkidðç zñak´mCÄimç zñak´Tab .

bMsukUlikPik¡ú man 3 bNþabMsukUlikPik¡ú

TaMg 3 BYkenaH Pik¡úEdlkan´ykEtsMBt´EdlZøak´ kñúgTIsμsan Pik¡úGñkTTYlyk nUvsMBt´Edl

eKTukehIy edayKitza ²bBVCit nwgTTYlyk³ dUecñH eQμaHza zñak´mCÄim .

cMENkGanisgS bNÐit Kb|IRCab dUcteTA KW ; ‘1’ ekIt manesckþIRbtibtþi EdlsmKYrdl´nisS&y

Pik¡ú GñkTTYlnUvsMBt´ EdleKdak´RbeKn Ek|rTICit

eRBaH:lIza ²bBVC¢a

GaRs&ynUvbMsukUlcIvr³ dUecñHç ‘2’ :nfitenAkñúgGriyvgSTImYyç ‘3’

PaBminmankarRBYy eRBaHkarrkSaç

karRbRBwtþivwkvr edaybuK<ldéTç ecarP&yç

‘6’

minmantNØa

smKYrdl´smN;ç Rtas´sresIrehIyza

‘RbePTénbMsukUlikPik¡ú’

b¨ueNÑaH eQμaHza zñak´óRkidð .

‘GanisgS kñúgbMsukUlikg<;’

sMBt´Na EdlTayk dak´

RbeKnehIy enAEk|rTICiteCIgénPik¡úç TaMgPik¡úenaH k*RbeKn ‘dl´

enH

‘8’

‘4’

PaBCaGñkminman

‘5’ minmankarP&yxøac eRBaH

kñúgkareRbIR:s´ç

manbc©&y

‘7’

manbrik¡ar

tamEdlRBHmanRBHPaK

²sMBt´TaMgenH mantémøticpgç Carbs´

Edlrk:n edaygayRsYlpgç Carbs´EdlminmaneTaspg³ dUecñHç

‘9’

PaBCaGñknaMmk nUvesckþIRCHzøaç

plénGb|icätaKuNCaedImç

‘10’ karseRmc

‘11’ karcMerIneLIg nUvsmμabdibtþiç

‘12’ eZVIobcäaCn ykCatRmab´tam . ‘GvsanKaza kñúgbMsukUlikg<;’

RBHeyaKI GñkRTRTg´nUvbMsukUlcIvr rEmglÁkñúgkar


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smøab´mar nig esnamar dUcCakSRtEdlmaneRK]g eRkaHcgehIylÁ kñúgTIcm|aMgdUecñaHÉg . Gm|al EtRBHsm¬úTÆ EdlCabrmRKUrbs´stVelak emþcKg´ RBHGg<lHbg´ nUvsMBt´TaMgLayd*ézøzøa mansMBt´ EdleKnaMmk GMBIEdnkasICaedImehIy mkRTRTg´ nUvbMsukUlcIvrNaç

cuHPik¡úGg<Naesat

k*minRT

RTg´ nUvbMsukUlcIvrenaH:n / eRBaHehtuenaH RBH eyaKavcrPikú¡ kalrlwkeXIjnUvBaküebþC\a rbs´ xøÜn k*Kb|ICaGñkeRtkGr kñúgbMsukUlcIvr d*smKYr dl´esckþIBüayamcuH . enH CakarBN(na kñúgBiZIsmaTanç RbePTç karEbkZøay nig GanisgS kñúgbMsukUlikg<; CadMbUg .

Zutg<nieTÞs

óbkrN¾TaMgLay manm¢úlCaedIm vtæúÉNamYykþI minRKb´RKan´ drabNaç RtUvTuk drabenaH . eTaseRBaHbc©&yénsMBt´EdlPik¡ú TukehIy minmaneT . Etza karEdlPik¡úTuktaMgEtBIeBlEdlxøÜn RClk´ehIy minKYreLIy .

Pik¡úGñkRTRTg´nUvcIvrbIenaH eQμaHza

Zutg<ecar . enHCaviZanénetcIvrikg<;enaH . ‘RbePTénetcIvrikPik¡ú’ ebIeBaledayRbePT etcIvrikPik¡úenH man 3 BYk . bNþa 3 BYkenaH Pik¡úzñak´óRkidð kñúgeBlRClk´ Kb|IRClk´s|g´mun ß cIvr mun k*:n rYcesø{ks|g´ ß cIvrenaHehIy RClk´cIvreRkABIenH . Pik¡ú RtUvXøúMcIvrenaHehIy RClk´sg¹adI .

‘viZIsmaTan kñúgetcIvrikg<;’ ‘40’ k*kñúglMdab´ énbMsukUlikg<;enaH Gg<énPik¡úGñkRTRTg´ nUvcIvr 3 CaGg<KWPik¡úRtUvsmaTan edayBaküTaMgLayenH Bakü x\úM smaTan nUvGg<

énPik¡úGñkRTRTg´nUvcIvr 3 ³ dUecñH . ‘BiZIkñúgetcIvrikg<;’ k*Pik¡úGñkRTRTg´nUvcIvrbIenaH :nsMBt´edIm|IcIvr minGacedIm|I eZVI eRBaHesckþIminsb|aykþI min:nnUvkmμ KWkarvas´EvgkþI eRK]g

EtkarEdlPik¡úesø{k

sg¹adI minKYreLIy . enH KWCavtþ kñúgesnasn; TIbMputénRsuk cMeBaHEtetcIvrikPik¡úenH . cMENkxagGarJ¦ikPik¡ú eTaHbIe:kKk´ RClk´cIvrTaMgBIrdMNalKña k*:n.

2- etcIvrikg<;

NamYyza ²x\úM hamXat´nUvcIvrCaKRmb´ 4ç

140

Etza Pik¡úRtUvGg<úy kñúgTICit

olμmEteXIjmnusSNamYy edIrmk GacnwgTajsMBt´kasav; mkRKbelIxøÜn:n .

tamZmμta Pik¡ú Gñkzñak´mZüm ebImansMBt´

kasav;sMrab´RClk´ kñúgeragsMrab´RClk´ç karEdlPik¡úesø{k ß dNþb´cIvrenaHehIy eZVInUvkmμ KWkarRClk´eTIbKYr . sRmab´Pik¡ú zñak´Gn´

eTaHbIesø{k

ß

dNþb´nUvcIvrTaMgLay

ehIyeZVIkmμ KWkarRClk´ k*KYr .

rbs´Pik¡úpgKña

sUm|IsMBt´kRmal Edlman

enAkñúgeragRClk´enaH k*smKYr dl´Pik¡úzñak´Gn´enaH . EdlPik¡úzñak´Gn´ rkSaTuk k*minKYr . sUm|IcIvr rbs´BYkPik¡úpgKña

Etza kar

eTaHbIPik¡úzñak´Gn´ eRbIR:s´

bnþbnÞab´Kña

k*minKYr .

k*bu¨Enþ ebI


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etcIvrikPik¡ú nwgbegI,nsMBt´GgS&kmYymkeT[t KRmb´ 4 k*:n . bu¨EnþsMBt´GgS&kenaH RtUvmanTTwg 1 cMGamç

beNþay 3 htæ

Etb¨ueNÑaH eTIbsmKYr .

142

Zutg<nieTÞs

RTRTg´EtcIvrbIç GñkmanR:zña

RBHeyaKId*RbesIr

edIm|IRtac´eTACasux

k*RtUvomanEt

cIvr 3 Cab´eTACamYy hak´bIdUcCastVbkSI Edl

‘karEbkZøay kñúgetcIvrikg<;’ k*Zutg< rbs´etcIvrikPik¡úTaMgbIenH rEmgEbkZøay kñúgxN; EdlxøÜneRtkGrehIy cMeBaHcIvrCaKRmb´ 4 n@uHÉg .

enHKWCakar

EbkZøay kñúgetcIvrikg<;enH .

Rtac´eTA

manEtsøab

Cab´eTACamYynwgxøÜndUecñaH

Kb|IeZVIesckþIeRtkGr kñúgcIvrEdlmankMNt´ . enH CakarBN(na nUvviZan énkarsmaTanç RbePTç karEbk

‘GanisgS kñúgetcIvrikg<;’

Zøay nig GanisgS kñúgetcIvrikg<; . 3- biNÐ:tikg<;

cMENkGanisgS mandUcteTAenHç KuNTaMgLay manCaGaTi¾

‘viZIsmaTankñúgbiNÐ:tikg<;’

y¨agenH KW; ‘1’ Pik¡úGñkRTRTg´nUvcIvr 3 eQμaHza CaGñkman esckþIsenþas

eRBaHehtuenaH

edaycIvrlμmEtrkSanUvkay:nç

‘2’

eday

‘41’

sUm|IbiNÐ:tikg<;

k*CaZutg<EdlPik¡ú®tUvsmaTan

esckþIsenþasenaH Pik¡úenaH kan´ykEt ‘cIvrbI’ Rtac´eTA hak´dUc

edayBaküTaMg 2 m¨at´enH BaküÉNanImYy za ²x\úM hamXat´

CastVbkSIç ‘3’ PaBCaGñkmanesckþIR:rBÆticç ‘4’ karev[rbg´

nUvGtierklaPç x\úMsmaTannUvbiNÐ:tikg<Zutg<³ dUecñH . ‘viZIkñúgbiNÐ:tikg<;’

nUvkarsnSMTuknUvsMBt´ç ‘5’ PaBCaGñkRbRBwtþRsalç ‘6’ kiriya lHbg´nUvesckþIelμaPhYskMrit kñúgGtierkcIvrç

‘7’ PaBCaGñkeZVI

nUvRbmaN kñúgcIvrEdlKYrç ‘8’ PaBCaGñkRbRBwtþk|wl ß BeRgc nUvkielsoesþIgcuHç

‘9’ kiriyaseRmcnUvKuNTaMgLay man

Gb|icätaKuNCaedIm rEmgsMerc ‘dl´Pik¡úenaH’ . ‘GvsanKaza kñúgetcIvrikg<;’

RBHeyaKI CaGñkR:C\ dwgnUvrsénesckþIsux Edl ekItGMBIesckþIsenþas lHbg´nUvesckþIcMNg´ kñúg sMBt´EdlelIskMNt´

ev[rbg´karsnSMTuk CaGñk

k*Pik¡úGñkmankiriyaRtac´eTA

edIm|IbiNÐ:tCavtþenaH

minRtUv

eRtkGrnwgPtþTaMg 14 y¨agenH KW ; 1- sg¹Ptþ 2- óeTÞsPtþ

PtþEdleKRbeKncMeBaHsg¹ç PtþEdleKóTÞisykPik¡ú 1 Gg<kþI 2 Gg<kþI

GMBIsMNak´sg¹ehIyRbeKnç 3- nimnþnPtþ

PtþEdleKnimnþPik¡úykeTARbeKnç

4- slakPtþ

PtþEdleKRbeKntamsøakç

5- bk¡ikPtþ

PtþEdleKRbeKnkñúg 1 bk¡

Et 1 ézáç


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144

Zutg<nieTÞs

6- óe:szikPtþ PtþEdleKRbeKnral´>ézáóe:szç

TTYlPik¡a

7- :dibTikPtþ

eT[bTVarénpÞH rbs´buK<ldéTehIy o:RteTABYkTaykEdlenA

PtþEdleKkMNt´RbeKn EtkñúgézáedIm én

EdlTayknaMmkBIxagmuxkþI

8- GaKnþúkPtþ

PtþEdleKRbeKn dl´Pik¡úGaKnþúk;ç

kñúgeBlRtLb´mkvijkþI

9- KmikPtþ

PtþEdleKRbeKndl´Pik¡úer[bedIrpøÚvqáayç

kñúgézáenaHmin:neT .

PtþEdleKRbeKndl´Pik¡úEdlmanCMgWç

11- KilanubdðakPtþ PtþEdleKRbeKndl´Pik¡ú EdlEzrkSa Pik¡úGñkmanCMgWç PtþEdleKRbeKncMeBaHvtþ ß kudiç

13- ZurPtþ

PtþEdleKtMkl´TukkñúgpÞHehIyRbeKnç

14- varPtþ

PtþEdleKdak´evnKñaRbeKn .

Etza ebIPtþTaMgLayNa CaPtþEdlTaykmineBal edayn&y CaedIm za ²sUmelakm©as´TaMgLay TTYlnUvsg¹Ptþ³ dUecñHç ehIyeBalza ²sUmRBHsg¹ TTYlPik¡akúñgpÞH éneyIgTaMgLay sUm|Ielakm©as´TaMgLay k*sUmTTYlPik¡a³ dUecñH ehIyRbeKnç Pik¡úCabiNÐ:tik; eRtkGrnwgPtþTaMgenaH k*KYr .

slakPtþ

EdlminRcLMedayGamis ‘EdlekIteLIg’ GMBIsg¹kþI PtþEdl TaykcMGin kñúgvtþkþI rEmgsmKYrEmnBit .

enH KÅ CaviZan

énbiNÐ:tikPik¡úenH .

biNÐ:tikPik¡ú enHÉg man 3 BYk . biNÐ:tikPik¡ú

EtPik¡úGg<úyehIy

TTYlPik¡a

biNÐ:tikPik¡ú zñak´kNþal TukCaGg<úy

cuHehIy k*Kg´TTYl:n kñúgézáenaH EtebITTYlnimnþTukdl´eTAézá EsÁkeT[tBMu:nesaHeLIy.

biNÐ:tikPik¡ú zñak´Gn´ eTaHbITTYl

cgØan´ edIm|ITukqan´dl´eTAézáEsÁk ß xanEsÁkeT[tk*:n .

Pik¡ú

enAtamTMenIgcitþrbs´xøÜneT .

manEtPik¡úzñak´óRkidðeT eTIb:n .

dMNalmkza kñúgRsukmYy manGriyvgS .

biNÐ:tikPik¡ú zñak´

óRkidð niyayeTAkan´BYkbiNÐ:tikPik¡ú eRkAenH za ²mñalelak d*manGayuTaMgLay mkBYkeyIgeTAsþab´Zm(³ .

bNþaPik¡úTaMg

BIrrUbenaH Pik¡úmYyrUb niyayza ²bBiRtelakm©as´d*cMerIn x\úMRBH kruNa CaGñkRtUvmnusSmñak´ oGg<úyehIy³ . niyayza

²bBiRtelakm©as´d*cMerIn

x\úMRBHkruNa

mnusSmñak´ edIm|Iqan´ kñúgézáEsÁkEdr³ . enHç

Pik¡ú mYyrUbeT[t

kalebImanehtuy¨ag

Pik¡ú TaMgBIrrUbenaH :nsabsUnüehIy .

zñak´óRkidð

mYyrUbeT[t

Rtac´eTAbiNÐ:t

TTYlcgØan´

ÉbiNÐ:tikPik¡ú

taMgBIRBlwmRsag

ehIy esaynUvrsénRBHZm( .

‘RbePTénbiNÐ:tikPik¡ú’ bNþabiNÐ:tikPik¡ú TaMg 3 BYkenaH

‘k*:n’

CabiNÐ:tik;TaMg 2 BYkenaH min:nnUvesckþIsux edaykiriya

12- viharPtþ

ebIeBaltamRbePT

QrenA

caMTTYlykeTA ‘dak´Pik¡a’kþI TTYlPik¡a EdlTayknaMmkRbeKn

bk¡ KW ézá 1 ekIt ß 1 eracç

10- KilanPtþ

BIxageRkaykþI

zñak´óRkidð

‘karEbkZøay kñúgbiNÐ:tikg<;’ ÉZutg< rbs´biNÐ:tikg<Pik¡úTaMgbI BYkenHÉg rEmgEbkZøay


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kñúgxN;EdlxøÜneRtkGr nUvGtierklaP mansg¹Ptþ CaedIm . enHCakarEbkZøay kñúgbiNÐ:tikg<Zug< .

cMENkGanisgSvij dUcteTAenH KW ‘1’ sPaBCaGñkman esckþIRbtibtþi smKYrdl´nisS&y eRBaH:lIza ²bBVC¢aGaRs&y

karbriePaKnUvBMnUt:y EdlEsVgrkedaykmøaMgsμg³ dUecñHç ‘2’ RbRBwtþiCab´edaybuK<ldéTç

‘3’ PaBCaGñkminmankiriya

‘4’ PaBCaGñkmanbc©&y EdlRBH

manRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´sresIr za ²ePaCnTaMgenaH mantémøticpg

Pik¡úrk:nedaygaypg minmaneTaspg³ dUecñHç

‘5’ PaB én

kiriyajaMjInUvesckþIx¢ilRcGUs ‘6’ PaBCaGñkmankarciJ©wmCIvit brisuTÆsÁatç

‘7’ kiriyabMeBjnUvesckþIRbtibtþi kñúgesk¡iyvtþç

‘8’ PaBCaGñkmin:c´ciJ©wmGñkdéTç ‘9’ kareZVInUvesckþIGnueRKaH dl´CndéTç

‘10’ karlHbg´nUvmanHç

‘11’ kiriyahamXat´

nUvcMNg´kñúgrs‘énePaCn’ç ‘12’ PaBCaGñkminmanGabtþi eday KNePaCnsik¡abT

brm|rePaCnsik¡abT

Zutg<nieTÞs

minCab´ edaybuK<ldéT lHbg´esckþIelμaP kúñg Gahar:nehIy EtgRtac´eTA:n kñúgTisTaMg 4

‘GanisgSkñúgbiNÐ:tikg<;’

kiriyatMkl´enA kúñgGriyvgSTIBIrç

146

nig

caritsik¡abT

rEmgbenÞabg´nUvesckþIx¢ilRcGUs GaCIv;rbs´elak esat k*brisuTÆsÁatç eRBaHehtuenaHÉg Pik¡ú Gñk manR:C\alÁ minKb|IemIlgay nUvdMeNIrEdlRtac´ eTAedIm|IPik¡aeLIy . eRBaHza BYkeTvta EtgRsLaj´ cMeBaHPik¡úGñk mankarRtac´eTA EtxøÜn

edIm|IbiNÐ:tCaRbRktI

minciJ©wmnUvbuK<ldéT

ciJ©wm

mansPaBEbbenH

Etza BYkeTvta EtgminRsLaj´ cMeBaHPik¡úEdl GaRs&ylaP nig esckþIsresIreLIy . enH KÅCakarBN(na nUvviZan énkarsmaTanç RbePTç kar EbkZøay nig GanisgS kñúgbiNÐ:tikg<; . 4- sbTancarikg<;

‘viZIsmaTankñúgsbTancarikg<;’

‘13’ PaBCaGñkmankiriyaRbRBwtþid*smKYr dl´Gb|icätaKuN Ca

‘42’ ÉGg< énPik¡úGñkmankiriyaRtac´eTA tamlMdab´Rck Ca

‘15’ kiriyaGnueRKaH

RbRktI CaGg<EdlPik¡úsmaTanehIy edayBaküTaMg 2 y¨ag enH

edImç

‘14’ kiriyabeg,InnUvsmμabdibtþiç

dl´RbCMuCnCMnan´eRkay . ‘GvsanKaza kñúgbiNÐ:tikg<;’

RBHeyaKI GñkmanesckþIeRtkGredayesμI> kñúg dMu:yEdleKeZVIoCaBMnUt> mankiriyaciJ©wmCIvit

BaküNamYy za ²x\úMhamXat´nUvkarRbRBwtþielaPln´ç x\úMsmaTan Gg<énPik¡úGñkmankiriyaRtac´eTAtamlMdab´Rck CaRbRktI³ dUecñH . ‘viZIkñúgsbTancarikg<;’ k*sbTancarikPik¡úenaH

RtUvQreT[bTVarénRsuk

ehIyKb|I


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kMNt´emIlkarminmanGnþray . esckþIGnþray rEmgmanenARtg´ Rck ß RsukÉNamYy .

karEdlPik¡úlHbg´Rck nig RsukenaH

ehIyRtac´eTATIdéTeT[t eTIbKYr . Pik¡ú min:nnUvePaCnbnþicbnþÜc eT[bTVarpÞHÉNakþI kúñgRckkþI kñúgRsukkþI Pik¡úRtUveZVIoCasJ¦a za minEmnCaRsukehIy Kb|IRtac´eTATIdéT .

Pik¡ú :nnUvePaCntic

tYc kúñgTINa karEdlPik¡úlHbg´TIenaHehIyeTA minKYreLIy . Etza Pik¡úenH Kb|IcUleTAmunevla eRBaHza ebIeZVIdUecñH Pik¡úenH GaclHbg´kEnøg EdlminCaTIsb|ayehIy eTAkñúgTIdéTeT[t . ebImanmnusSeKeZVITan kñúgvtþ ß mkkNþalpøÚv TTYlyk:Rt

148 RbeKn

minRtUvRtac´eTArMlgRsuk

Edldl´RBmehIy

kñúgevlaRtac´eTA

edIm|IPik¡aeLIy. sbTancarikPik¡úenH eTaHbImin:nPik¡akþI :ntic tYckþI k*RtUvEtRtac´eTA tamlMdab´énpÞH kñúgRsukenaH .

ebIeBaltamRbePT

EmnBit kñúgZutg<enH sbTancarikPik¡ú GñkR:kdesμI

sbTancarikPik¡úenHÉg man 3 BYk .

ÉkEnøgEdlRBHmha-

ksSbetærenaH lHbg´:Rt rEmgR:kd . Pik¡úzñak´kNþal rEmg TTYlcgØan´

EdlTayknaMmkehIyBIxagmuxpg BIxageRkaypg

nUvcgØan´EdlTayknaMmkehIy

kñúgevlaRtLb´mkvijpg

bg´:RtenAeT[bTVarpÞHCndéTpg . Gg<úyrg´caMPik¡a .

biNÐ:tikPikú¡zñak´óRkidð .

lH

b¨uEnþsbTancarikPik¡úenH min

sbTancarikPik¡úenaH

eQμaHza RbRBwtþtam

sbTancarikPik¡ú zñak´Gn´ Gg<úyrg´caM

‘Pik¡a’ kñúgézáenaH:n . ‘karEbkZøay kñúgsbTancarikg<;’ k*Zutg< énsbTancarikPik¡úTaMg 3 BYkenH kalebImankar Rtac´eTAedIm|IbiNÐ:t

edayesckþIelaPln´ekIteLIg

k*rEmg

EbkZøay . enH CakarEbkZøay kñúgsbTancarikg<Zutg<enH . ‘GanisgS kñúgsbTancarikg<;’ ÉGanisgSdUecñH KW ‘1’ PaBCabuK<lzμIezμag Gs´kalCanic© kñúgRtkUlTaMgLayç

‘RbePTénsbTancarikPik¡ú’

manEtlHbg´:RteT[bTVarpÞH

edayRBHmhaksSbetær minmaneLIy .

enH KÅCa

viZanénsbTancarikg<;enH .

kñúgevlaRtLb´mkvijpg

énCndéT .

ehIy RbeKnbiNÐ:t dl´Pik¡úenaHç karEdlPik¡úenaH TTYlk*KYr . mYyvijeT[t sbTancarikPik¡úenH kalkMBugedIreTA kan´pøÚvk*eday

Zutg<nieTÞs

‘2’

PaBCabuK<llÁ

‘3’ karlHbg´mcäriy; kñúgRtkUlç GnueRKaHd*esμaHesμIç

eRb[bdUcCaRBHc&nÞç

‘4’ PaBCaGñkmanesckþI

‘5’ minmaneTas kñúgkarcUleTAkan´RtkUlç

bNþaTaMg 3 BYkenaH sbTancarikPik¡ú zñak´óRkidð minTTYl nUv

‘6’

cgØan´EdleKnaMykmkehIy

‘7’ PaBCaGñkminmanesckþIRtUvkar edayGaharEdleKnaMmkoç

TayknaMmkehIy

GMBIxagmuxpg

nUvcgØan´Edl

GMBIxageRkaypg nUvcgØan´EdlTayk naMmk

karminTTYleRtkGr

nUvBaküEdleKehArk

edaykarnimnþç

‘8’ PaBCaGñkmankarRbRBwtþi smKYrdl´Gb|icätaKuNCaedIm .


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sbTancarikPikú¡ kñúgsasnaenH CabuK<llÁ eRb[b dUcRBHc&nÞ CabuK<lezμagzμICanic© kñúgRtkUlTaMgLay CaGñkminkMNaj´ CaGñkmanesckþIGnueRKaHesμI dl´ RtkUlTaMgBYg CaGñkrYcRsLH cakeTasEdlekIt eLIg dl´kulub|kPik¡ú eRBaHehtuenaH Pik¡úCaGñkR:C\ kalR:zñacg´Rtac´eTAelIEpndI tamTMenIgcitþ RtUvEt lHbg´ nUvkiriyaRtac´eTA edIm|IbiNÐ:t tamPaB RtUvmanck¡úsMLwgcuHeRkam

RtUvRkeLk

emIl EtRtwmmYyCYrnwm Kb|IRbRBwtþnUvGg< énPikúG ¡ ñk mankarRtac´eTAbiNÐ:t tamlMdab´RckcuH . enH CaesckþIBN(na nUvviZanénkarsmaTanç RbePTç kar EbkZøay nig GanisgS kñúgsbTancarikg<Zutg< .

CaZutg<EdlPik¡úsmaTanehIy

edayBaküTaMg 2 enH BaküNamYyza ²x\úM hamXat´karbriePaK ePaCn elIGasn;epSg >ç

x\úM smaTannUvGg< énPikú¡Gñkmankar

bidkbI eBalza ²Pik¡ú RtUvrkSaGasn; ß Kb|IrkSaePaCnç b¨uEnþ Pik¡úrUbenH manePaCnBMuTan´ElgehIyç nUvvtþ

eRBaHehtuenaH Pik¡ú cUreZVI

EtcUrkMuqan´ePaCneLIy³ dUecñH .

enH KÅCaviZan én

Ékasnikg<Pik¡úenH . ‘RbePTénÉkasnikPik¡ú’ ebIeBaledayRbePT ÉkasnikPik¡úenH man 3 BYk . bNþa Pik¡úTaMg 3 BYkenH ÉkasnikPik¡ú zñak´óRkidðç ePaCn mantickþI eRcInkþIç

Pik¡úenaH lUkédcUlkñúgePaCnNa min:nkan´ykePaCn

déTeRkAGMBIePaCnenaHeT .

EtebImnusSTaMgLay eKKiteXIjza

²RBHezr;enH minqan´vtæúGVIbnþicbnþÜceT³ dUecñHehIy naMykvtæúTaMg

ÉkasnikPik¡úzñak´kNþalç ebIPtþ kñúg:RtminTan´Gs´ drabNaç Etg:nedIm|ITTYlnUvePaCndéT drabenaH . eQμaHza CaGñkmanePaCnCaTIbMput.

eRBaHza Pik¡úrUbenH

ÉkasnikPik¡úzñak´Gn´ ebImin

eRBaHza ÉkasnikPik¡úenaH eQμaHza óTkbriynþik; ‘CaGñkmanTwk

‘viZIkñúgÉkasnikg<;’ k*ÉkasnikPik¡úenaH kalebIGg<úyenA elIGasnsala min RtUvEtkMNt´nUvGasn;

cMENkRBHcULaPyetær GñkRTRTg´

Tan´eRkakcakGasn; drabNa Etg:nedIm|Inwgqan´ drabenaH .

briePaKePaCn EtelIGasn; 1 CaRbRktI³ .

RtUvGg<úy elIezrasn;eLIy

Pik¡ú eRkakeTAeZVIvtþ eTIbKYr .

eRbIR:s´CaePsC¢;Etb¨ueNÑaHç minKYr edIm|IeRbIR:s´CaGahareT.

‘viZIsmaTan kúñgÉkasnikg<;’ Ékasnikg<Zutg<vij

ebIxøÜnqan´ePaCnminTan´rYcç Gacarü ß RBHóbCÄay¾ nimnþmkdl´ç

Lay manTwkedaHzøaCaedIm mkRbeKnç vtæúTaMgGs´enaH KYredIm|I

5- Ékasnikg<; ‘43’

Zutg<nieTÞs

za ²Gasn;enH nwgRtUv:ndl´GatμaGj³ dUecñHehIy swmGg<úyç

‘GvsanKaza kñúgsbTancarikg<;’

EdlelμaP

150

d*smKYr

kúñgTIbMput’ k*:n eRBaHza ebIminTan´TTYlTwklag:Rt drabNa enAqan´:n drabenaH eQμaHza Gasnbriynþik;‘CaGñkmanGasn;


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CaTIbMput’ k*:n eRBaHza ebIminTan´eRkakcakBIGasn; drabNa eT enAqan´:n drabenaH .

152

Zutg<nieTÞs enH CaesckþIBN(na nUvviZan énkarsmaTanç RbePTç kar

EbkZøay nig GanisgS kñúgÉkasnikg<Zutg< .

‘karEbkZøay kñúgÉkasnikg<;’

6- btþbiNÐikg<;

k*Zutg<énÉkasnikPik¡úTaMg 3 enaH rEmgEbkZøay kñúgxN; EdlPik¡úenaH

qan´nUvePaCn elIGasn;epSg > .

enH KÅ Cakar

EbkZøay kñúgÉkasnikg<Pik¡úenH .

GaBaZticç

‘2’

dUcteTAenH

;

PaBCaGñkrs´enAminlM:k

ÉbtþbiNÐikg<Zutg<

CaKRmb´BIrç

‘1’

PaBCaGñkman

CaZutg<EdlPik¡úsmaTanehIy

x\úM smaTannUvGg< énPik¡úGñkmankarbriePaKnUvePaCn

Etkñúg:Rt CaRbRktI³ dUecñH .

KÅminmanesckþITuk¡

‘3’ kareRkakeLIgy¨agrh&sç ‘4’ mankmøaMgBlMç ‘5’ karenACa suxsb|ayç

‘44’

edayBaküTaMg 2 enH BaküNamYy za ²x\úM hamXat´nUvPaCn;

‘GanisgS kñúgÉkasnikg<;’ cMENkÉGanisgS

‘viZIsmaTankñúgbtþbiNÐikg<;’

‘6’ minRtUvGabtþi eRBaHGntiritþsik¡abT Cabc©&yç

‘7’ kiriyabenÞabg´ nUvesckþIcMNg´kñúgrsç ‘8’ PaBCaGñkman karRbRBwtþid*smKYr dl´KuNmanGb|icätaKuNCaedIm .

‘viZIkñúgbtþbiNÐikg<;’ k*btþbiNÐikPik¡úenaH

kñúgeBlhutbbr

kalebI:nmØÚbeRk[m

dak´kñúgPaCn;ehIy RtUvqan´mØÚbeRk[mmun k*:n ß hutbbr mun k*:n .

EtebIPik¡ú dak´mØÚbeRk[m kñúgbbrç kalebITaykdak´mØÚb

eRk[m manRbhukCaedImcUleTAç

bbrCarbs´EdleKKYrex¬Im .

‘GvsanKaza kñúgÉkasnikg<;’

EtRbsinebIPik¡úGñkqan´ ecHeZVIoeTACarbs´minKYrex¬ImeTAvijehIy

mineb[teb[nnUvRBHeyaKI GñkeRtkGr kúñgkarbriePaK

enH elakeBal sMedAykmØÚbeRk[m EdlmansPaBEbbenaH .

júaMgkargarrbs´xøÜnosabsUnüç eRBaHehtuenaH RBH

Pik¡ú RtUvdak´vtæúenaH .

eraKTaMgLay EdlmankarbriePaKePaCn Cabc©&y ePaCn EtelIGasn; 1 CaGñkminelμaP kñúgrs min eyaKIGñkmancitþsÁatbrisuTÆ Kb|IjúaMgesckþIeRtkGr oekIt kñúgkarbriePaKePaCn EtelIGasn; 1 Edl

CaehtuénkarenACasuxsb|ay EdlPik¡úGñkeRtkGr

kñúgseløxKuNd*sÁat cUleTACitesBehIy .

qan´eTIbKYr .

eRBaHehtuenaH Baküza rbs´EdlbuK<lminKYrex¬Im

ÉvtæúNa manTwkXμMú nig s,rRkamCaedIm Carbs´EdlminKYrex¬Imç

RbmaN .

karEdlbtþbiNÐikPik¡ú kan´nUvbEnøRss´ emImdMLÚg

qan´nwgéd eTIbKYr . mü¨ag .

EtPik¡úkalTTYl RtUvEtTTYl oKYrdl´

EtebImineZVIdUecñaHeT RtUvdak´eTA kñúg:RtEt

EteRBaHhamPaCn;TIBIr vtæúdéT sUm|IEtsøwkeQI k*min

KYreLIy . enHCaviZanénbtþbiNÐikPik¡úenH .


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‘RbePTénbtþbiNÐikPik¡ú’ ebIeBaltamRbePT

btþbiNÐikPik¡úenHÉg

bNþabtþbiNÐikPik¡ú 3 BYkenaH

man

3

BYk

.

cMeBaHbtþbiNÐikPik¡ú zñak´óRkidð

nwgerIssMramecalk*minKYr ev[rElgEtevlaEdlqan´GMeBA . kMu zadl´eTAemøaH sUm|IEtbMEbkdMu:y sac´RtI nig nMTaMgLayehIy qan´ k*minKYr . qan´k*KYr .

cMeBaHPik¡ú zñak´kNþal bMEbkedayédm¡agehIy

Pik¡ú zñak´kNþalenH eQμaHza htæeyaKI ‘GñkRbkb cMENkPik¡ú zñak´Gn´ eQμaHza btþeyaKI ‘GñkRbkb

edayéd’ . eday:Rt’ .

cMeBaHbtþbiNÐikPik¡ú zñak´Gn´enaH ePaCnNa Gac

dak´cUleTA kñúg:Rt:n k*GacedIm|IbMEbknUvePaCnenaH edayéd

kñúgxN;EdlPik¡úTaMg 3 enaH

rEmgEbkZøay

eRtkGrnUvPaCn; CaKRmb´BIr .

cMENkGanisgSvij dUcteTAenH KÅ; ‘1’ karbgÁn´nUvcMNg´ ‘2’ karlHbg´nUvesckþIR:zña d*

‘3’ PaBCaGñkeXIjRbmaNénRbeyaCn¾ kñúgGaharç

‘4’ minmanesckþIlM:k eRBaHrkSaTuknUvPaCn¾ manzasCaedImç ‘5’

Gñkmanvtþd*lÁ

manck¡úsMLwgcuHeRkam

lHbg´nUvesckþIraymay kñúgPaCn;epSg> TukdUc CaCIkrMelIg nUvb\sTaMgLay énesckþIcMNg´ kñúg rs CaGñkmancitþlÁsÁat RTRTg´nUvesckþIsenþas hak´dUcCaRTRTg´nUvrUbkay rbs´xøÜn btþbiNÐikPiP¡ú ÉeT[t Gg<Naesat k*nwgKb|IbriePaKGahar ‘kñúg PaCn;epSg> :n’ . enH CaesckþIBN(na nUvviZan énkarsmaTanç RbePTç kar

PaBCaGñkminbriePaK mancitþraymayCaRbRktIç

‘viZIsmaTankñúgxlubcäaPtþikg<;’ ‘45’ sUm|IxlubcäaPtþikg<; k*CaZutg<EdlPik¡úsmaTanehIy

nUvGtiritþePaCn ‘ePaCnd*sl´’ x\úM smaTannUvGg< énPik¡úGñkman

‘GanisgS kñúgbtþbiNÐikg<;’

elIslb´ç

RBHeyaKI

edayBaküTaMg 2 enH BaküNamYy za ²x\úM hamXat´karbriePaK

enH CakarEbkZøay kñúgbtþbiNÐikg<;enH .

kñúgePaCnEdlmanrsepSg >ç

‘GvsanKaza kñúgbtþbiNÐikg<;’

7- xlubcäaPtþikg<;

‘karEbkZøay kñúgbtþbiNÐikg<;’ rbs´btþbiNÐikPik¡úTaMg 3 BYkenH

Zutg<nieTÞs

EbkZøay nig GanisgS kñúgbtþbiNÐikg<Zutg<enH .

ß xaM TMBa edayeZμjehIy qan´:nTaMgGs´ .

k*Zutg<

154

‘6’ PaB

CaGñkmankiriyaRbRBwtþid*smKYr dl´Gb|icätaKuNCaedIm .

karminbriePaKnUvPtþEdlxøÜnmanePaCn hamrYcehIy eTIb:nmk kñúgkalCaxageRkay CaRbRktI³ dUecñH . ‘viZIkñúgxlubcäaPtþikg<;’ k*xlubcäaPtþikPiik¡úenaH

hamePaCnrYcehIy

eZVIePaCn Cakb|iy;ehIy briePaKeT[teLIy . énxlubcäaPtþikPik¡ún@uH .

minRtUvoeK enH KÅCaviZan


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‘RbePTénxlubcäaPtþikPik¡ú’ ebIeBaleTAtamRbePT xlubcäaPtþikPik¡úenH man 3 BYk . bNþaTaMg 3 BYkenaH xlubcäaPtþikPik¡ú zñak´óRkidðç eRBaHehtuEdl eQμaHza karhamXat´ kñúgdMu:yCadMbUg minmanç b¨uEnþkalebI dMu:y CadMbUgenaH KWelakkMBugEtelbcUleTA ‘ehIyhamXat´’ ePaCndéT eTIbeQμaHza hamXat´ç eRBaHehtuenaH Pik¡úzñak´óRkidð enaH eQμaHza hamePaCn y¨agenHehIy k*elbdMu:yCadMbUg hYscUleTAehIy minqan´dMu:yCaKRmb´ 2 .

Pik¡ú zñak´kNþal

hamehIy kñúgePaCnNa qan´EtePaCnenaHb¨ueNÑaH . Pik¡úzñak´Gn´ minTan´eRkakcakGasn; drabNa k*enAqan´:n drabenaH . ‘karEbkZøay kñúgxlubcäaPtþikg<;’

156

Zutg<nieTÞs

mindl´nUvesckþIlM:k eRBaHkarEsVgrkbc©&y min eZVInUvkiriyasnSMTuk

ecIseBaH:nç eRBaHehtuenaH RBHeyaKIGñkmanR:zña edIm|IkMcat´bg´ nUveTasTaMgLay Kb|IKb´rknUvZutg< EdlRBHsuKt RTg´Rtas´sresIrza CaZmμCatjúaMg esckþIcMerIn

edayKuN

Cakb|iy;

ehIyqan´ . enHCakarEbkZøay kñúgxlubcäaPtþikg<;n@uH . ‘GanisgS kñúgxlubcäaPtþikg<;’ cMENkGanisgSvij dUcteTAenHKÅ ‘1’ PaBCaGñkqáaycak Gabtþi EdlRtUveRBaHkarqan´nUvGntiritþePaCnç ‘2’ minmanénPaB CaGñkmanGaharecIseBaH ‘cak´Rcas’ç

‘3’ PaBCaGñkminsnSM

Gamisç ‘4’ minmankarEsVgrkmþgeT[tç ‘5’ PaBCaGñkmankar RbRBwtþismKYr dl´Zutg<KuNTaMgLay manGb|icätaKuNCaedIm . ‘GvsanKaza kñúgxlubcäaPtþikg<;’

RBHeyaKI GñkmanR:C\a CaGñkrkSaxlubcäaPtþikg<;

mankarsenþasCaedIm

oekItRBmenHcuH . enH CaesckþIBN(na nUvviZan énkarsmaTanç RbePTç kar EbkZøay nig GanisgS kñúgxlubcäaPtþikg<; . 8- GarJ¦ikg<;

Zutg< rbs´xlubcäaPtþikPik¡úTaMg 3 BYkenH EbkZøay kñúg xN;EdlPik¡úTaMg 3 BYkenaH hamehIy oeKeZVI

lHbg´nUvPaBCaGñkmanGahar

‘viZIsmaTan kñúgGarJ¦ikg<;’ ‘46’ cMENkGarJ¦ikg<;CaZutg<EdlPik¡úsmaTanehIyeday BaküTaMg 2 enH BaküÉNamYy za ²x\úM hamXat´nUvesnasn; CitRsukç x\úMsmaTanGg<énPik¡úGñkmankiriyaenAkúñgéRBCaRbRktI³ . ‘viZIkñúgGarJ¦ikg<;’ k*GarJ¦ikPik¡úenaH RtUvlHbg´ nUvesnasn; CitRsukehIy júaMgGruNorHeLIg kñúgéRB . ‘kMNt´esnasn;kúñgéRB’ kñúgBaküTaMgenaH esnasn;CitRsuk .

RsukCamYynwgóbcar;nu@HÉg

eQμaHza

RsukÉNanImYy manEtxÞmmYykþI eRcInkþI


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158

Zutg<nieTÞs

manrbgB&TÆCMuvijkþI minmankþI manmnusSGaRs&yenAkþI minmankþI

edaybriyaykñúgRBHsURtza ²TIesnasn; Edlmancmáay 500

eQμaHza Rsukç edayehaceTA sUm|IQμÜjreTHNamYy eTAsMct

ZñÚ y¨agticbMput eQμaHza esnasn;EdltaMgenAkñúgéRBç enHCa

enACag 4 Ex k*eQμaHza RsukEdr . cMeBaHRsukEdlmanrbgB&TÆ

lk¡N; kñúgBaküza éRBenH .

CMuvij ebImanssrex]n 2 dUcCaGnuraZburI karZøak´cuHéndMudI rbs´

enaH cMeBaHRsukEdleK:neZVIrbgB&TÆehIy Pik¡ú GñkmankiriyaenA

bursEdlmankmøaMgy¨agmZüm EdlQrenARtg´ssrex]n man

kñúgéRBCavtþ Kb|Ivas´ cab´taMgGMBIssreKaleTA edayZñÚ rbs´

enARtg´cenøaHxagkñúg eQμaHza óbcar;énRsuk .

RBHvin&yZrTaMg

GacarüEdlTajdMeLIgehIyç cMeBaHRsuk EdleKmin:neZVIrbg

Lay eBalza ²Élk¡N; énRsukenaH :ndl´TIxagkñúg énTICa

B&TÆehIy Kb|Ivas´ cab´edImGMBIkarZøak´cuH éndMudICadMbUg rhUteTA

TIZøak´cuHéndMudI EdlbuK<lecaleTAehIy dUcCaBYkmnusSekμg >

Tl´KñanwgrbgRBHvihar . RBHGdðkzacarüeBal kñúgGdðkzaénRBH

kalnwgsMEdgnUvkmøaMg rbs´xøÜn lanUvedImédehIy ecaldMudIeTA

vin&yTaMgLayza ²EtRbsinebIviharmin:neZVIrbgB&TÆç esnasn;

dUecñaHÉg³ .

cMENk BYkelakGñkEdlRTRTg´RBHsURt eBalza

dMbUgeKbgÁs´kþI

salaPtþkþI

esnasn; EdltaMgenA kñúgéRB

kEnøgRbCMu

eT[gTat´kþI

²xagkñúgénTIEdlCaTIZøak´cuH éndMudIEdleKecalehIy edayTMng

ectiykþI ÉNanImYy ebIenAqáay BIesnasn;ç

énkaredjEkÁk eQμaHza elNÐú:t³ dUecñH .

oCaextþkMNt´ehIyvas´cuH .

Kb|IRCabvinicä&y

Pik¡ú Kb|IeZVITIenaH

‘dUcteTA’

ÉkñúgGdðkzamCÄimnikay elakeBal za ²GarJ¦ikPik¡ú Kb|I

matuRKam QrEk|rTVarpÞH cugbMputeKTaMgGs´ ykPaCn; CHTwk

elIkvas´nUvóbcar;énvihar Rtg´cenøaHénelNÐú:tTaMg 2 odUc

eTAdl´TINaç TIEdlTwkZøak´eTAenaH eQμaHza óbcar; énpÞH .

Caóbcar;énRsukdUecñaH³.

karZøak´cuHéndMudImYydMu edayn&yEdlelakeBalehIyGMBIóbcar;

ebImanRsukenACit Pik¡úEdlenAkñúgvtþ »sMeLgBYkmnusS Etmin

énpÞHenaH

eQμaHza óbcar;

GacnwgedIrRtg´eTA:n eRBaHmanPñM nig sÞwgCaedIm xNÐehIyenA

cMENkéRB ebIeBaltamRBHvin&yCamun RBHó:lietær

Rtg´cenøaHç pøÚvÉNa CapøÚvRbRktI rbs´GñkRsukenaHç RbsinebI

eBalehIyza ²TITaMgGs´n@uH elIkElgEtRsuk nig óbcar;én

pøÚvenaH KWCnTaMgLayKb|IsJ©rtamnavaç GarJ¦ikPik¡ú Kb|IkMNt´

Rsukecjb¨ueNÑaH eQμaHza éRB³ dUecñH .

ykTIRbEvg 500 ZñÚ tampøÚvenaHcuH .

énRsuk .

kñúgpÞHEdleKmin:neZVIrbgB&TÆ

edImeBaZikþI

eQμaHza Rsuk .

elNÐú:tTI 2

ebIeBaleTAtamRBH

enHCaRbmaNkñúgviZIvas´n@uH .

Rbsin

EtGarJ¦ikPik¡ú Na biT

GPiZmμ elakeBalza ²TITaMgGs´ ecjeTAxageRkA GMBIssr

pøÚvtamcenøaHenaH> edIm|IjúaMgGg<énRsukCitodl´RBmç GarJ¦ik-

eKaln@uH eQμaHza éRB³ . b¨uEnþlk¡N;Edlelak:neBalehIy

Pik¡úenH eQμaHza Zutg<ecar .

EtRbsinebIRBHóbCÄay¾ ß Gacarü


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160

Zutg<nieTÞs

Pik¡úenaH min:nesckþIsb|ay

sigmYyEPøtsin swmeTA³ dUecñHehIy k*siglk´eTAç GruN k*

kñúgéRB Kb|InaMóbCÄay¾ ß GacarüenaH eTAkan´TIesnasn; Cit

rHeLIg ßk* júaMgGruN orHeLIg kñúgTIesnasn; CitRsuk tam

RsukehIybMerIcuH .

esckþIeBjcitþrbs´xøÜnç

rbs´GarJ¦ikPik¡úenaH manGaBaZç

Etza GarJ¦ikPik¡ú RtUvecjGMBIRBwkRBham

RtUvoGruN rHeLIg kñúgTIRbkbedayGg< . zaebIkñúgeBlEdl GruN rHeLIg GaBaZrbs´óbCÄay¾ ß GacarüTaMgenaH rwtEtxøaMg eLIgç GarJ¦ikPik¡ú RtUveZVIkic© edIm|IóbCÄay¾ nig GacarüTaMgenaH vijcuH . GarJ¦ikPik¡ú minRtUvCaGñksÁatsÁMbrisuTÆ kñúgZutg< Et mü¨agenaHeT .

enHCaviZan énGarJ¦ikg<Zutg<n@uH . ‘RbePTénGarJ¦ikPik¡ú’

ebIeBaltamRbePT GarJ¦ikPik¡úenHÉg man 3 BYk . bNþa 3 BYkenaH GarJ¦ikPik¡ú zñak´óRkidð Kb|IjúaMgGruN orHeLIg kñúg éRB Gs´kalTaMgBYg .

GarJ¦ikPik¡ú zñak´mZüm rEmg:n edIm|I

enA kúñgesnasn;CitRsuk Gs´rdUvePø{g 4 Ex .

cMENkxag

GarJ¦ikPik¡ú Gñkzñak´Gn´ rEmg:n edIm|IenA Gs´rvag 4 Ex kñúg ehmnþrdUv teTAeT[tk*:n .

k*kalGarJ¦ikPik¡úTaMg 3 BYkenH mkGMBIéRB kñúgeBlEdl xøÜn:nkMNt´ehIyy¨agNa sþab´Zm( kñúgTIesnasn; CitRsukç Zutg< minEbkZøayeT .

kalebI

GarJ¦ikPik¡ú sþab´Zm(ehIyeTAç sUm|IGruN rHeLIg Rtg´cenøaHpøÚv k*eday

Zutg< k*minEbkZøayEdr

eRkakeLIgehIy ‘Qb´eTsna’ç

.

Etza kalebIRBHZmμkzik

ebIGarJ¦ikPik¡ú Kitza ²BYkeyIg

enH CakarEbkZøay

kñúgGarJ¦ikg<Zutg<n@uH . ‘GanisgS kñúgGarJ¦ikg<;’ cMENkGanisgSvij dUecñH KW ‘1’ GarJ¦ikPik¡ú kaleZVITuk kñúgcitþnUvesckþIsMKal´za éRB CaGñksmKYr edIm|I:nnUvsmaZi EdlxøÜnminTan´:nenAeLIypgç

‘2’ CaGñkKYredIm|IrkSaTuk nUv

smaZi EdlxøÜn:nrYcehIypgç

‘3’ sUm|IRBHsasþa k*RTg´eBj smdUcCaRBHGg<Rtas´za ²mñal

RBHhb\T&y cMeBaHPik¡úenaH .

naKit; eRBaHehtuenaH tzaKt CaGñkmancitþeRtkGr edaykiriya enAkñúgéRBrbs´Pik¡úenaH

‘1’ ³dUecñH .

‘4’ GnþrayTaMgLayman

rEmgRKbsg,t´citþ

rUbEdlminCaTIsb|ayCaedIm

rbs´Pik¡úGñk

mankiriyaenA kúñgTIesnasn;sáat´ CaRbRktIenaH min:neTç

‘5’

GarJ¦ikPik¡úenaH CaGñkminmanesckþItk´søúteTç ‘6’ rEmglHbg´ nUvesckþIeRtkGr kúñgCIvit:nç

‘karEbkZøaykñúgGarJ¦ikg<;’

kalebIGruN rHeLIgehIyç

Zutg< EbkZøay .

esckþIsuxEdlekItBIvievkç

‘8’

‘7’ rEmg:nesaynUvrs én sUm|IPaBCaGñkRTRTg´nUvsMBt´

bMsukUlCaedIm k*rEmgsmKYr dl´GarJ¦ikPik¡ú GñkmanRbRktIenA kñúgéRBCavtþn@uHpg . ‘GvsanKaza kñúgGarJ¦ikg<;’

RBHeyaKI Gñkmancitþsáb´sáat´ minRcLÚkRcLMeday 1–

suÇ

GMÇ GÇ

PaKTI 48 TMB&rTI 362 .


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BYk eRtkGrEtkñúgTIesnasn; Edlsáat´ júaMgRBH hb\T&y rbs´RBHelaknaz oRTg´RBHGMNr:n edaykiriyaenA kñúgéRB GaRs&yenA kñúgéRBEtmñak´ Ég rEmg:nnUvesckþIsux ÉNa sUm|IeTvtaTaMg Lay RBmTaMgRBH«®nÞ k*min:nesay nUvrsén esckþIsuxEbbenaHeLIy .

k*GarJ¦ikPik¡ú enHÉg

162

k*ruk¡mUlikPik¡úenaH Kb|Iev[rnUvedImeQITaMgLayenH KÅ ; edIm eQIEdlfitenA Rtg´RBMEdnç edImeQIEdleKeKarBbUCaç edImeQI EdlmanC&rç edImeQIEdlmanEpøç edImeQIEdlmanp,aç edImeQI EdlmanBYkstVRbeC[venAGaRs&yç

cUleTAkan´TIs®g<am

eBalKWéRB

ykZutg<d*esssl´CaeyaZa CaGñkGac edIm|Inwg c|aMgQñHmar RBmTaMgBahn;:n minyWtyUreLIy ehtuenaH Pik¡úEdlCabNÐit Kb|IeZVInUvesckþIeRtk Gr kñúgkiriyaenA kñúgéRBcuH . enH CaesckþIBN(na nUvviZan énkarsmaTanç RbePTç kar EbkZøay nig GanisgS kñúgGarJ¦ikg<; . 9- ruk¡mUlikg<;

‘viZIsmaTan kúñgruk¡mUlikg<;’ ‘47’

sUm|Iruk¡mUlikg<;

k*CaZutg<EdlPik¡úsmaTanehIy

EdlfitenAkñúgTIbMputénvtþcuH .

GaRs&yeT[bKl´eQICaRbRktI³ dUecñH . ‘viZIkñúgruk¡mUlikg<;’

enH KÅCaviZanénruk¡mUlikg<;n@uH .

‘RbePTénruk¡mUlikPik¡ú’ ebIeBaltamRbePT sUm|Iruk¡mUlikPik¡úenH k*man 3 BYk . bNþa 3 BYkenaH ruk¡mUlikPik¡úzñak´óRkidð Rbkan´ykedImeQI tam esckþIeBjcitþ rbs´xøÜnehIy oeKe:sRcaso min:neLIyç RtUve:sEtkMj¨msøwkeQITMu enAcuH . enaH

EdlRCuHmk

edayeCIgehIy

Kb|I

ruk¡mUlikPik¡úzñak´kNþal ebIeRbImnusSEdledIrmkdl´TI

oe:sRcaso:n

mnusSrkSavtþ

nig

.

ruk¡mUlikPik¡ú

sameNrTaMgLaymk

zñak´Gn´

eTaHbIehA

eRbIoCRmHeZVITIenaH

oesμIehIy oerayraydIxSac´ eZVIrbgB&TÆ oRbkbTVarrYceRsc ehIyswmenAcuH. EtkñúgézáEdlBYkmnusSeZVIbuNüqøg ruk¡mUlikPik¡ú minRtUvGg<úyenA

kñúgTIenaHeLIy

RtUvEtecjeTA

Gg<úyenAkñúgTI

ÉeT[t EdlCaTIbiT:Mg .

edayBaküTaMg 2 enH BaküNamYy za ²x\úM hamXat´esnasn; EdleKRbk´edaydm|Úlç x\úM smaTanGg< énPik¡úGñkmankiriyaenA

edImeQIEdlmanRbehagç

edImeQIEdlduHenAcMkNþalvtþehIy Kb|IkMNt´yk nUvedImeQI

kalebI:nRTRTg´ nUvsMBt´bMsukUl TukdUcCaeRK]g eRkaHEzmeT[t

Zutg<nieTÞs

‘karEbkZøay kñúgruk¡mUlikg<;’ ÉZutg<

rbs´ruk¡mUlikPik¡úTaMg

3

BYkenHÉg

EtgEbkZøay

kñúgxN;EdlPik¡úTaMgenH sMerckarenA kñúgTIlMenAEdleKRbk´:Mg ehIy .

RBHezr; GñkeBalKm¬IrGg<útþrnikay eBalza ; ²Zutg<


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EbkZøay kñúgeBlRtwmEtruk¡mUlikPik¡údwgehIy júaMgGruN orH eLIg kñúgTIEdleKRbk´:MgehIy³ .

enH CakarEbkZøay kñúg

ruk¡mUlikg<Zutg<n@uH .

Zutg<nieTÞs

eTvtaEzrkSaehIy

cMENkGanisgSvij dUecñH KÅ ‘1’ sPaBCaGñkmanesckþI Rbtibtþid*smKYrdl´nisS&y eRBaH:lIza ²bBVC¢a RtUvGaRs&ynUv

TIesnasn;eT[bKl´eQI³ dUecñHç ‘2’ PaBCaGñkmanbc©&y Edl RBHmanRBHPaK Rtas´sresIrehIy za ² vtæúTaMgenH Carbs´tic ‘3’

PaB

énkarjúaMgGnic©sJ¦a oekIteLIg:n eday:neXIj nUvkarERb

EdlRkhmTMuéRkeBkpg ex[vpg el]gpg Edl Carbs´eT[gTat´ eRBaHehtunu@HÉg Pik¡úGñkmanR:C\a eXIjc|as´ minRtUvemIlgaynUvKl´eQI EdlCaTI sáb´sáat´ Caekrþi¾dMENlrbs´RBHBuTÆ CaTIlMenArbs´ elakGñkEdleRtkGréRkElg kñúgPavnaeLIy . enH CaesckþIBN(na nUvviZan énkarsmaTanç RbePTç kar EbkZøay nig GanisgS kñúgruk¡mUlikg<; . 10- GeBÖakasikg<;

RbYlénsøwkeQIer]y>ç ‘4’ minmanesckþIkMNaj´kñúgesnasn; nig PaBCaGñkeRtkGr kñúgkargarç CamYynwgBYkeTvtaç

kaleXIjnUvsøwkeQITaMgLay

RCuHZøak´ehIy rEmgbenÞabg´:n nUvesckþIsMKal´ za

‘GanisgS kñúgruk¡mUlikg<;’

pg rk:nedaygaypg minmaneTaspg ³ dUecñHç

164

‘5’ PaBCaGñkmankarenArYm

‘6’ PaBCaGñkmankarRbRBwtþismKYr dl´

Gb|icätaKuNCaedIm . ‘GvsanKaza kñúgruk¡mUlikg<;’

TIenAGaRs&y rbs´Pik¡úGñksáb´sáat´ EdlRBHBuTÆ CaeqñIm RTg´Rtas´sresIrehIypg RTg´Rtas´ za CanisS&y ‘rbs´bBVCit’ pg oesμIedayKl´eQI nwgmanmkGMBINa/ eRBaHza Pik¡úEdlmanvtþ d*lÁ kalenAGaRs&y eT[bKl´eQI d*sáb´sáat´ CaTI kMcat´bg´ nUvesckþIkMNaj´ kñúgTIGavas CaTIEdl

‘viZIsmaTan kñúgGeBÖakasikg<;’ ‘48’ sUm|IGeBÖakasikg<; k*CaZutg<EdlPik¡úsmaTanehIy edayBaküTaMg 2 enH BaküNamYy za ²x\úM hamXat´nUvTIesnasn; EdleKRbk´:MgehIypg TIesnasn;eT[bKl´eQIpgç x\úM smaTanGg<énPik¡úGñkenAGaRs&ykñúgTIvalRsLHCaRbRktI³dUecñH. ‘viZIkñúgGeBÖakasikg<;’ k*kiriyacUleTAkan´eragóe:sz RbeyaCn¾dl´kareZVIóe:szkmμkþI enaH .

edIm|Isþab´RBHZm(kþI

rEmgKYr

edIm|I

dl´GeBÖakasikPik¡ú

ebIGeBÖakasikPik¡ú cUleTAehIy ePø{gbgÁúrcuHmkç kal

ebIePø{gkMBugEtbgÁúrcuHmkç GeBÖakasikPik¡ú kMuGalecjeTA RtUv ecjeTA kñúgeBlraMgePø{g . karEdlGeBÖakasikPik¡úenaH cUleTA


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166

Zutg<nieTÞs ‘karEbkZøay kñúgGeBÖakasikg<;’

kan´eragqan´ ß eragePøIg ehIyeZVIvtþkþI ‘cUleTA’ beRmInUvPik¡ú Ca ezr;TaMgLay edayGaharkñúgeragqan´kþI kaler[nedayxøÜnÉg ß beRg[neK

cUleTAkan´TIesnasn; EdleKRbk´:MgkþI

karEdl

k*Zutg< rbs´GeBÖakasikPik¡úTaMg 3 BYkenH rEmgEbkZøay kñúgxN;EdlPik¡úTaMgn@uH cUleTAkan´TIRbk´:Mg nig Kl´eQI edIm|I

GeBÖakasikPik¡ú CJ¢ÚneRK]gesnasn; manERK nig taMgCaedIm

nwgenA .

EdleKTukdak´minlÁ enAxageRkA ocUleTA xagkñúgkþI eTIbKYr .

EbkZøay kñúgeBlRtwmEtxøÜndwgehIy beNþayoGruN rHeLIg

ebIGeBÖakasikPik¡ú edIreTAtampøÚv mankan´ykeRK]gbrik¡ar rbs´

kñúgTIEdleKRbk´:Mg nig Kl´eQIenaH³ .

BYkPik¡úcas´eTAehIy

kñúgGeBÖakasikg<Zutg<n@uH .

TTYlmanePø{g

EdlfitenAkNþalpøÚvk*:n .

ebInwgcUleTAkan´sala

²GatμaGj nwgenAkñúgsala³ dUecñH minKYreT . EtRtUvedIrcUleTA tamdMeNIrCaRbRktI ehIyQrenA rhUtTal´EtePø{graMg swmedIr eTA . enH KWCaviZan énGeBÖakasikPik¡ún@uH . ÉesckþIBnül´ énruk¡mUlikPik¡ú k*dUcesckþIBnül´enHEdr .

ebIeBaltamRbePT GeBÖakasikPik¡úenH man 3 BYk . bNþa BYkenaH cMeBaHGeBÖakasikPik¡ú zñak´óRkidð

nwgcUleTAenAEpÁk

GaRs&yedImeQI PñM ßk* pÞHBMu:neLIyç RtUvEteZVIxÞmCavikaréncIvr enAkñúgTIvalRsLHEtmü¨ag .

cMENkGanisgSvij dUecñH KÅ ; ‘1’ kiriyapþac´bg´nUvesckþI kgVl´ kñúgGavasç

‘2’ kiriyabenÞabg´ecalnUvzInmiTÆ;ç ‘3’ PaB

CaGñkminTTak´TTam edayTIlMenA EdlsmKYrdl´BaküsresIr za ²Pik¡úTaMgLay CaGñkenAminCab´CMBak´nwgTIkEnøg Rtac´eTA min kMNt´TIlMenA dUcCastVRmwKTaMgLay ‘1’ ³ dUecñHç ‘4’ PaBCa GñkRtac´eTAkan´TisTaMgbYnç

‘RbePTénGeBÖakasikPik¡ú’

cMeBaHPik¡ú zñak´kNþal nwgcUleTA

enAGaRs&yedImeQIç PñM nig pÞH:n kMuEtcUleTAenABÆd*xagkñúg . cMeBaHPik¡úzñak´Gn´ jkPñMEdleKmin:nbiT:MgehIykþI CMrMeZVIeday EmkeQIkþI :raMEdleZVIedaysMBt´sadkkþI xÞmEdlBYkGñkcaMERs CaedIm e:Hbg´ecalehIy kñúgTIenaHkþI ebInwgcUleTARCk:n .

enH KWCakarEbkZøay

‘GanisgS kñúgGeBÖakasikg<;’

ebImin:nkan´eRK]gbrik¡arGVI> eTç

GeBÖakasikPik¡únwgedIrcUleTA y¨agRbjab´Rbjal´ edayKit za

3

RBHGg<útþrPaNketærTaMgLay eBalza ²Zutg< rEmg

‘5’ PaBCaGñkmankiriyaRbRBwtþi d*

smKYr dl´Gb|icätaKuNCaedIm . ‘GvsanKaza kñúgGeBÖakasikg<;’

RBHeyaKavcrPikú¡ kalenA kñúgTIvalRsLH Edl rk:nedaygay CaTIsmKYr dl´Pav;énbuK<lEdl minmanpÞH EdlmanEkvmNI KWdaraCaBidan man

RbTIbKWRBHc&nÞ sMrab´GucbMPøW mancitþ ‘minCab´CMBak´ nwgTIlMenA’ dUcCastVRmwK benÞabg´ nUvzInmiTÆ;:n 1- suÇ sMÇ sKÇ

PaKTI 30 TMB&rTI 189 .


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GaRs&y nUvPaBCaGñkeRtkGr kñúgPavna rEmg:n TTYlnUvesckþIrIkray

kñúgrs

énesckþIsáb´sáat´

minmanyWtyUreLIy eRBaHehtuNaç eRBaHehtuenaH Ég RBHeyaKI GñkmanbJ¦a Kb|ICaGñkeRtkGr kñúgTI valRsLHcuH .

Zutg<nieTÞs

manTIc®g,m nig mNÐbCaedIm tak´EtgERK nig taMg tm,l´nUv TwksRmab´qan´ nig TwksRmab´eRbIR:s´ ‘nwg’ minRtUvbeRg[nZ(m eLIy . eRBaHza Zutg<enH manTmán´eBkNas´ . eRBaHehtuenaH edIm|IkarBardl´esckþIGnþray EdlekIteLIg esasanikPik¡ú min RtUvCaGñkeZVsRbEhs RtUvEtBitTUldl´sg¹etær ßk* m®nþIraCa Rsuko:ndwgehIyswmcUlenAcuH . kaledIrc®g,mRtUvEtRkeLk

enH KÅCaesckþIBN(na nUvviZI énkarsmaTanç RbePTç kar EbkZøay nig GanisgS kñúgGeBÖakasikg<Zutg<

.

11- esasanikg<;

‘viZIsmaTan kñúgesasanikg<;’ ‘49’

168

sUm|Iesasanikg<;

k*CaZutg<EdlPik¡úsmaTanehIy

knÞúyEPñk eQμ{gemIleTAkEnøgsaksB eTIbc®g,m . sUm|Ikal edIrcUleTAkan´TIsμsan RtUvEteC[svagpøÚvZM ehIyedIreTA tampøÚv xageRkAcuH .

kñúgevlaézá RtUvkMNt´GarmμN¾ o:nCaeRsc .

eRBaHza kalebIesasanikPik¡úenaH kMNt´TukdUecñHehIyç enaHnwg minmaner]gEdlnaMomankarP&yxøac kñúgeBlyb´eLIy . ebIBYk

edayBaküTaMg 2 enH BaküNamYy za ²x\úM hamXat´nUvTIEdl

GmnusSedIrERsk

minEmnCaTIsμsanç

eLIy .

x\úM smaTannUvGg< énPik¡úGñkmankiriyaenA

GaRs&y kñúgTIsμsan CaRbRktI³ dUecñH . ‘viZIkñúgesasanikg<;’ k*mnusSTaMgLay kalksagRsuk kMNt´nUvTINamYy za

kñúgeBlyb´

minRtUvRbhar

edayvtæúGVImYy

minRtUvxaneTAkan´TIsμsan kñúgézá NanImYyoesaH .

RBHGg<útþrPaNketær eBalza ²esasanikPik¡ú júaMgmCÄimyamo Gs´eTA kñúgTIsμsanehIyRtLb´mkvij enAkñúgbcäimyam:n³ . minRtUvqan´láç

emSAç PtþEdllay edaysENþkraCmasç RtIç

²TIenH CaTIsμsan³ dUecñH esasanikPik¡úenaH minRtUvenA kñúgTIenaH

sac´ç nig bEgÁmEdllayedayTwkedaHRss´ç eRbgç s,rGMeBA

eT . eRBaHza TIenaH kalebIsaksBeKminTan´:ndutç k*minTan´

CaedIm EdlCacMNUlrbs´GmnusSTaMgLayeLIy. minRtUvcUl

eQμaHza CaTIsμsaneT .

eTAkan´pÞH énRtkUleLIy .

Etza cab´taMgBIeBlEdleKdutsak

sBehIy ebIsineKe:Hbg´TIenaHecal Gs´ry;eBl 12 qñaM k*eday k*eQμaHza TIsμsandEdl . k*Pik¡úGñkenA kñúgTIsμsanenaH minRtUveRbIoeKeZVITITaMgLay

enH KÅCaviZanénesasanikg<;nu@H .

‘RbePTénesasanikPik¡ú’ ebIeBaltamRbePT esasanikPik¡úenH man 3 BYk . bNþa Pik¡úTaMgbI BYkenaH esasanikPik¡úzñak´óRkidð Kb|IenAEtkñúgTIsμsan


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EdlmaneKdut ‘ßkb´’ saksBCanic© mansaksBEdleKecal Cab´mindac´ manmnusSeTAyMERskCanic©b¨ueNÑaH .

cMeBaHPik¡úzñak´

kNþal bNþaehtuTaMg 3 y¨agenaH oEtTIsμsan ÉNa man ehtuNamYy k*KYrenA:n .

Pik¡ú zñak´Gn´ kñúgTIRKan´Etdl´ nUv

lk¡N;CaTIsμsan k*KYrenA:n tamn&yEdleBalehIy .

Zutg< rbs´Pik¡úTaMg 3 BYkenH rEmgEbkZøay eRBaHseRmc RBHGg<útþrPaNketær eBal

za ²Zutg< rEmgEbkZøay kñúgéz EdlPik¡úenaH min:neTAkan´TI sμsan³ dUecñH .

enHKÅCakarEbkZøay kúñgesasanikg<;n@uH .

cMENkGanisgS mandUecñH KÅ; ‘1’ kiriya:nnUvmrNsStiç PaBCaGñkenA

edayesckþIminRbmaTç

‘3’

kiriya:nnUv

GsuPnimitþç ‘4’ benÞabg´nUvkamraK;ç ‘5’ kiriyaeXIjnUvsPaB énragkayer]y >ç

‘6’

PaBCaGñkmanesckþIsegVKeRcInç

kiriyalHbg´nUvesckþIRsvwg

‘7’

edayPaBEdlminmaneraKCaedImç

‘8’ PaBCaGñkGt´RTaMnUvP&y EdlKYres|Im:nç KYroGmnusSTaMgLayeKarB nig ekatsresIrç

‘9’ PaBCaGñk ‘10’ PaBCa

GñkmankiriyaRbRBwtþid*smKYr dl´Gb|icätaKuNCaedIm . ‘GvsanKaza kñúgesasanikg<;’

k*edayGanuPaB énkiriyanwkrlwknUvesckþIsøab´ Ca er]y> eTasEdlekIt eRBaHesckþIRbmaTTaMgLay

rEmgminb¨HBal´ nUvesasanikPik¡ú sUm|IGñkcUlkan´ ni®TÞaehIyç minRtwmEtb¨ueNÑaH citþ rbs´Pik¡úenaH esat kalebI:neXIj nUvsaksBTaMgLay mux CaminluHeTA kñúgGMNacénkamraK; manEtdl´nUv RsvwgeLIy TaMgBüayam xñHExñg EsVgrkEtesckþI rMlt´Tuk¡ edayRbéB eRBaHehtuenaH RBHeyaKI Gñk mancitþbegÁancUleTArkRBHniBVan Kb|IesBnUvesasanikg<Zutg<cuH eRBaHCaZmμCat naMKuNd*eRcIn Ca Genk mkRbKl´o .

‘GanisgS kñúgesasanikg<;’ ‘2’

Zutg<nieTÞs

esckþIsegVK y¨agZMTUlay minEmndl´nUvesckþI

‘karEbkZøay kñúgesasanikg<;’ karenAkñúgTIEdlminEmnCaTIsμsan.

170

enH KÅCaesckþIBN(na nUvviZI énkarsmaTanç RbePTç kar EbkZøay nig GanisgS kñúgesasanikg<Zutg< . 12- yzasnætikg<;

‘viZIsmaTan kñúgyzasnætikg<;’ ‘50’ sUm|I yzasnætikg<; k*CaZutg<EdlPik¡úsmaTanehIy edayBaküTaMg 2 enH BaküNamYy za ²x\úM hamXat´nUvPaB EdlelμaP kñúgesnasn;ç

x\úM smaTanGg<énPik¡úGñkmankiriyaenA

kñúgesnasn; tamEdlsg¹sMEdgo CaRbRktI³ . ‘viZIkñúgyzasnætikg<;’ k* yzasnætikPik¡ú enaH

ebIPik¡úEdlsg¹ cat´oCaGñkEck

nUvTIesnasn; :nRbKl´TIesnasn; EbbNao edayBaküza


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Zutg<nieTÞs

edayTI

‘3’

kiriyalHbg´ nUvesckþIkMNt´za ezakzy nig ez,Igz,an:nç

esnasn;enaHb¨ueNÑaH . minRtUveZVIoPik¡údéTeT[t pøas´TIlMenA

‘4’

kiriyalHbg´ nUvesckþIeRtkGr nig esckþIBieraZ:nç

eLIy . enH

kiriyabiTnUvTVarénesckþIR:zñad*éRkElgç

²esnasn;enH

RtUv:ndl´Gñk³

dUecñH

RtUvEteRtkGr

KÅCaviZI ényzasnætikg<Zutg<n@uH . ‘RbePTényzasnætikPik¡ú’

sYrnUvesnasn;

yzasnætikPik¡ú zñak´óRkidð

min:nedIm|Inwg

EdlRtUv:ndl´xøÜn za ²enAqáay ßk* enACit

eBkç CaTIesnasn; EdlGmnusS nig TIXCatCaedImeb[teb[n ßeTç ßza ekþA ßk* RtCak´³ dUecñHeLIy . sYr:n kMuEtedIreTArmilemIl .

Pik¡úzñak´kNþal ebInwg

Pik¡ú zñak´Gn´ eTARtYtBinitüemIl

EtebITIesnasn;enaH xøÜnmineBjcitþeT nwgeRCIsykesnasn; déTeT[tk*:n .

k*Zutg< rbs´Pik¡úTaMg 3 BYkenH rEmgEbkZøay kñúgeBl enH KÅCakarEbk

Zøay kñúgyzasnætikg<Zutg<n@uH .

cMENkGanisgS dUecñH KÅ ‘1’ :neQμaHza eZVItamRBHOvaT EdlRBHsasþaRtas´sMEdg za ²TIesnasn;Na EdlxøÜn:n

mkehIy Pik¡úKb|IeRtkGr edayTIesnasn;enaHcuH 1–

PaBCaGñkEsVgrknUvRbeyaCn¾

‘1’ ³ dUecñHç

odl´sRBhμcarIPik¡úpgKñaç

suÇ xuÇ CaÇ ÉÇ PaKTI 58 TMB&rTI 60 .

RBHeyaKI Gñksenþas edayesnasn; tamEdl xøÜn:nehIy

CaGñkenAEtkñúgTIesnasn;

Edl

sg¹sMEdlo minerIs ‘esnasn;d*ézøzøa ßk* ezakTab’ rEmgrs´enAy¨agsuxsb|ay sUm|IelI kRmal

EdlCavikar;

énesμATaMgLay

elITI

esnasn; d*lÁRbesIr k*elakmineRtkGrEdr ebI xwgesaHeLIyç elak rEmgCYyGnueRKaH dl´BYk sRBhμcarIPik¡úpgKña

EdleTIbnwgbYszμI

eday

RbeyaCn¾ç ehtuenaH Pik¡úGñkmanR:C\a Kb|IRbkb er]y>

‘GanisgS kñúgyzasnætikg<;’

‘2’

‘GvsanKaza kñúgyzasnætikg<;’

TukCa:nTIesnasn; d*ezakTab k*elakmineRkaZ

‘karEbkZøay kñúgyzasnætikg<;’

RtwmEtekItesckþIelaPln´ kñúgTIesnasn; .

‘6’ PaBCaGñkmankar

RbRBwtþismKYr dl´Zutg<KuNTaMgLay manGb|icätaKuNCaedIm .

ebIeBaltamRbePT yzasnætikPik¡ú enHÉg man 3 BYk . bNþaPik¡ú 3 BYkenaH

‘5’

nUvPaBCaGñkeRtkGr

EtkñúgTIesnasn;

Edlsg¹sMEdgo CaRbéBNI rbs´BYkRBHGriy; EdlRBHBuTÆCaGñkR:C\

d*eqñIm

RTg´:nRtas´sr

esIrehIy . enH KÅCaesckþIBN(na nUvviZI énkarsmaTanç RbePTç kar EbkZøay nig GanisgS kñúgyzasnætikg<Zutg< .


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Zutg<nieTÞs ‘karEbkZøay kñúgensC¢ikg<;’

13- ensCi¢kg<;

‘viZIsmaTan kñúgensC¢ikg<;’ ‘51’

sUm|IensC¢ikg<;

k*Zutg< rbs´Pik¡úTaMg 3 enHÉg rEmgEbkZøay kñúgxN;

k*CaZutg<EdlPik¡úsmaTanehIy

edayBaküTaMg 2 enH BaküNamYy za ²x\úM hamXat´nUv«riyabz edkç

x\úM smaTannUvGg< énPik¡úGñkmankiriyaseRmc nUv«riyabz

Gg<úyCaRbRktI³ dUecñH .

k*ensC¢ikPik¡úenaH kñúgyam 3 énraRtI Kb|IeRkakeLIg edIr c®g,m Gs´yam 1 .

eRBaHza kñúg«riyabzTaMgLay nwgedk

Etmü¨ag min:neLIy .

enHCaviZIénensC¢ikg<Zutg<n@uH .

ebIeBaltamRbePT ensC¢ikPik¡úenHÉg man 3 BYk . bNþa TaMg 3 BYkenaH cMeBaHensC¢ikPik¡úzñak´óRkidð TIbEgÁk sMBt´sMrab´ Rte:m sMBt´sRmab´Rbetag minKYrTaMgGs´ . cMeBaHPik¡ú zñak´ cMeBaHPik¡ú

zñak´Gn´ TIbEgÁkkþI sMBt´sMrab´Rte:mkþI sMBt´sRmab´RbetagkþI ekAGImanGg< 7 kþI eRbIR:s´:nTaMg

Gs´ . ekAGIEdleKeZVImanbEgÁkenAxageRkay eQμaHza bJ©g<; . ekAGIEdleKeZVI manbEgÁkxageRkay nig manPñak´édGmsgxag eQμaHza stþg<; .

:n»mkza BYkmnusS :neZVIekAGIstþg<;

enaH ‘RbeKn’ RBHcULaPyetær GñkecHRBHéRtbidk . RBHezr;:n sMercCaRBHGnaKamI briniBVanehIy .

ensC¢ikg<Zutg<enH . ‘GanisgS kñúgensC¢ikg<;’ cMENkGanisgSvij

dUecñH

;

‘1’

kiriyakat´pþac´nUv

esckþIsux kñúgkaredk esckþIsux kñúgkarEpÁk esckþIsux kñúg karedklk´ ‘1’ ³ dUecñHç

‘2’ PaBén«riyabzCaTIsb|ay dl´´

karRbkbnUvesckþIBüayam kñúgkmμdðanTaMgBYgç man«riyabz CaTInaMmknUvesckþIRCHzøaç

‘RbePTénensC¢ikPik¡ú’

exñIykþI ekAGImanGg< 5 kþI

enH KÅCakarEbkZøay kñúg

kMnYcrbs´citþ EdlelakeBalza ²Pik¡ú CaGñkRbkber]y> nUv

‘viZIkñúgensCi¢kg<;’

mZüm vtæúTaMg 3 enH ‘eRbIR:s´’ vtæúNamYy k*:n .

RKan´EtPik¡úTaMgenH seRmckarsig .

GñkR:rBÆesckþIBüayamç

‘3’ PaBCaGñk

‘4’ PaBd*smKYrdl´

‘5’ kiriyabeg,InnUvsmμabdibtþi .

‘GvsanKaza kñúgensC¢ikg<;’

RBHeyaKI GñkGg<úyBt´EPñn tRmg´kayoRtg´ rEmg júaMghb\T&yénmarokeRmIk:nç Pik¡úGñkmanesckþI BüayamR:rBÆehIy lHbg´nUvkiriyaedkCasux nUv kiriyalk´Casux

eRtkGr

Etkñúg«riyabzGg<úy

júaMgéRBKWtbZm( oPøWsVagruger]g rEmg:nnUvbIti nig suxEdlminmanGamis eRBaHehtuNaç eRBaH ehtuenaH Pik¡úGñkmanR:C\a Kb|IbMeBjo:nlÁ nUv Zutg<vtþ eQμaH ensC¢ik;cuH . 1-

suÇ mÇ

mUÇ PaKTI 20 TMB&rTI 386 .


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175

enH CaesckþIBN(na nUvviZI énkarsmaTanç RbePTç karEbk Zøay nig GanisgS kñúgensC¢ikg<Zutg< . edayGMNacKazaenH za ;

bNÐit Kb|IRCabesckþIvinicä&y edaykusltþik; 1 edaycMENks&BÞ manZutg<CaedIm 1 edayesckþI seg¡b nig esckþIBisþar 1 ³ . bNþabTTaMgenaH bTza ²edaykusltþik;³ esckþIza k* Zutg<TaMgGs´n@uHÉg Cakusl k*man CaGBüaRkwt k*man eday GMNacénGñkrkSaEdlCaRBHesx; buzuC¢n nig RBHxINaRsBTaMg Layç Zutg<EdlCaGkusl minmaneT .

cMENkbuK<lNa

Kb|I eBal za ²Zutg<sUm|ICaGkuslk*man³ dUecñH eRBaHRBH:lI Ca GaTi¾za ²Pik¡ú GñkmanesckþIR:zñalamk RtUvesckþIR:zñalamk

RKbsg,t´ehIy CaGarJ¦ik;

‘1’ ³ dUecñHç buK<lenaH RtUveKtva¨za

eyIgmin:neBal za ²Pik¡úmancitþCaGkusl rEmgminenAkñúgéRB³ dUecñHç eRBaHza kiriyaenAkñúgéRBrbs´Pik¡úNamanç Pik¡úenaH k*eQμaH za CaGarJ¦ik; ehIyGarJ¦ikPik¡úenaHesat Kb|ICaGñkmanesckþI R:zñalamk k*man CaGñkmanesckþIR:zñatic k*manç k*BaküenH elak:neBalehIyza ²Gg<TaMgLayenH eQμaHza Zutg< eRBaH CaGg< rbs´Pik¡úGñkeQμaHza Zut; 1–

suÇ

GMÇ

eRBaHCaGñkkMcat´nUvkiels:n

bÇ PaKTI 45 TMB&rTI 183 .

Zutg<nieTÞs

edaykiriyasmaTanenaH >ç

mü¨ageT[t

eQμaHza Zutg< eRBaH

manjaN Edl:nevahar za ²Zut; eRBaHCaeRK]gkMcat´kiels

‘vinicä&yedaykusltþik;’ ‘52’ teTAenH CakarBN(na

176

CaGg<³ dUecñHç

mYyeT[tesat Gg<TaMgenaH eQμaHza Zut; eRBaH

kMcat´nUveTas

EdlCaswksRtUvpg

CaGg<énesckþIRbtibtþipg

eRBaHehtuenaHÉg eTIb:n eQμaHza ²Zutg<³ dUecñHÉgç Gg<TaMg LayenH Kb|Imandl´buK<lNa buK<lenaH GñkNaeTA nwgeQμaH za CaGñkkMcat´kiels:nedayGkusl minmanpgç Zutg< elak Kb|IehAza

Zutg<

eRBaHeZVIGkuslenaH

oCaGg<énkielsTaMg

LayNa Gkusl nwgkMcat´nUvkielsenaHÉNamYy min:npgç GkuslkMcat´´bdibk¡eTas min:npgç

manesckþIelaPln´

CaGg<énesckþIRbtibtþi

min:npgç

kñúgcIvrCaedIm eRBaHehtuenaH

Baküza ²Zutg< CaGkusl minman³ dUecñHenH KÅelakeBallÁ ehIyç ÉZutg< rbs´Pik¡úTaMgLayNa rYcputRsLHBIkusltþik;ç Zutg< rbs´Pik¡úTaMgLayenaH edayesckþI k*minmanBit . rbs´ Edlminman

nwgeQμaHza

CaZutg<

eRBaHkMcat´bg´nUvGVIç

sUm|I

esckþIxusepSgBI:lIza ²RbRBwtþsmaTan nUvZutKuNTaMgLay³ dUecñH k*rEmgRtUvdl´Pik¡úTaMgLayenaHç eRBaHehtuenaH Bakürbs´ Pik¡úTaMgenaH

minRtUvkan´ykeLIy

.

enH

KÅCaesckþIBN(na

edaykusltþik; Cabfm . ‘vinicä&yedaycMENkZutaTis&BÞ’ kñúgBaküza ²edaycMENkéns&BÞ manZutg<s&BÞCaedIm³ enaH bNÐit Kb|IRCabZut;ç Kb|IRCabZutvaT;ç

Kb|IRCabZutZm(TaMg


visuTÆimK< ERb

177

178

Zutg<nieTÞs

Layç Kb|IRCabZutg<TaMgLayç Kb|IRCabkaresBZutg<TaMgLay

EtRBHelaluTayI d*manGayu³ .

za CaTIsb|ay dl´buK<lNa .

2 y¨ag dUcCaRBHZmμesnabtIç buK<lenH eQμaHza CaZut;pg

‘Zut;’ bNþabTTaMgenaH bTza

CaZutvaTpg .

²Zut;³ :ndl´ buK<lGñkkMcat´

cMENkbuK<lNa dl´RBmTaMg

dUcelakeBalehIy za ²buK<lEdlCaZut;pg

CaZutvaTpg enHn@uH eRscEtRBHsarIbuRtd*manGayu³ dUecñH . ‘ZutZm(’

bg´kiels:nehIy ß Zm(EdlCaeRK]gkMcat´bg´nUvkiels .

Baküza ²bNÐitKb|IRCabZutZm(TaMgLay³ n@uH manesckþI

‘ZutvaT;’ cMENkkñúgbT za ²ZutvaT³ enH bNÐit Kb|IRCabza buK<l

vinicä&yza; Zm(TaMgLay 5 y¨ag

EdlCabrivar rbs´Zutg<ectna

CaZut; EtminEmnCaZutvaT k*manç buK<lminEmnCaZut; EtCaZut-

enH KÅ PaBCaGñkmanesckþIR:zñaticç PaBCaGñksenþasç PaBCa

vaT k*manç buK<lTaMgminEmnCaZut; TaMgminEmnCaZutvaT k*manç

GñkRbRBwtþdusxat´kielsç PaBCaGñksáb´sáat´ç PaBCaGñkdwgza

buK<lTaMgCaZut; TaMgCaZutvaTk*man . bNþabuK<lTaMg4 BYkenaH

rbs´enHmanRbeyaCn¾ eQμaHza ZutZm( eRBaHRBH:lIza ²Pik¡úCa

buK<lNa kMcat´bg´nUvkielsTaMgLay rbs´xøÜn edayZutg<ç Et

GñkmankiriyaenA

minGb´rMTUnμanGñkdéT edayZutg< eRb[bdUcRBHezr; eQμaHBakul;ç

tic³ dUecñHCaedIm .

buK<lenH

rab´bJ©Úl kñúgGelaP;ç

eQμaHza

Zut;EtminEmnCaZutvaT

.

smdUcCaBakü

kñúgéRBCaRbRktI

eRBaHGaRs&ynUvesckþIR:zña

bNþaZm(TaMgenaH Gb|icäta nig snþúdðita seløxta nig bvievkta rab´cUl kñúg

EdlelakeBalza ²buK<lEdlCaZut; Et minEmnCaZutvaTenHn@uH

Zm(TaMg 2 y¨ag KÅ GelaP; nig Gemah; .

eRscEtPik¡úBakuletærd*manGayu³ .

jaNnu@HÉg .

cMENkbuK<lNa minkMcat´

«Tmtæita :ndl´

kñúgGelaP; nig Gemah;Zm(TaMg 2 y¨agenaH

bg´nUvkielsTaMgLay rbs´xøÜn edayZutg<ç Gb´rMTUnμannUvBYkCn

Pik¡úGñksmaTanZutg< rEmgkMcat´bg´nUvelaP; kñúgvtæúEdlRtUvham

déT edayZutg<Etmü¨ag dUcCaRBHóbnnÞetærç buK<lenH minEmnCa

Xat´TaMgLay edayGelaP; kMcat´bg´emah; EdlbiT:Mg nUv

Zut; EtCaZutvaT . smdUcCaelakeBalza ²buK<lEdlminEmn

eTas

Ca

d*man

mYyeT[t Pik¡úGñksmaTanZutg< rEmgkMcat´bg´nUvkamsuxanueyaK

buK<lNa dac´TaMg 2 y¨ag dUcCaRBHelaluTayIç

EdlRbRBwtþeTA edayRbZan KÅkaresB nUvbc©&yTaMgLayEdl

Zut;

Gayu³ .

EtCaZutvaTenHn@uH

eRscEtRBHóbnnÞskübuRt

kñúgvtæúEdlRtUvhamXat´TaMgenaHn@uHÉg

edayGemah;

buK<lenH minEmnTaMgZut; minEmnTaMgZutvaT . smdUcCaelak

RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´:nGnuJ¦atþehIy

edayGelaP;ç

eBalza ²buK<lEdlminEmnCaZut; minEmnCaZutvaTenHn@uH eRsc

nUvGtþkilmzanueyaK EdlRbRBwtþeTA

edayRbZan

.

kMcat´bg´

KÅkiriyadus


visuTÆimK< ERb

179

180

Zutug<nieTÞs

xat´d*éRkElg kñúgZutg<TaMgLay edayGemah;ç eRBaHehtuenaH

EdlCaRbZan 3 CaGg<EdlminRcLMKña 5 . bNþaGg<TaMg8 enaH

Zm(TaMgLay 5 RbkarenH bNÐitKb|IRCabza CaZutZm( .

Gg< 3 enH

‘Zutg<;’ Baküza

Gg<EdlCaRbZan .

²Kb|IRCabZutg<TaMgLay³ esckþIza; bNÐit Kb|I

RCabZutg<TaMg 13 y¨ag KÅ; bMsukUlikg<; Zutg<TaMgLayenaH

KÅ; sbTancarikg<;ç Ékasnikg<;ç GeBÖakasikg<; Ca

EtrkSabiNÐ:tikg<;pgEdr

.l.

ensC¢ikg<; .

biNÐ:tikg<;

elak:neBaleRscehIy

TaMgedayGtæ

RbesIrpg .

TaMgedaybkiNÑk; manlk¡N;CaedIm .

k*ebIPik¡úrkSaÉkasnikg<;

xlubcäaPtþikg<;

k*eQμaHza

karesBZutg< CaTIsb|aydl´buK<lEdlCaraKcrit nig buK<l eRBaHehtuGVI/ eRBaHkaresBZutg< Cakar k*raK; rEmg

RtUvrkSay¨aglÁ

EdlminRcLMKña 5 enH

dUecñH Zutg<

Gg<EdlCaRbZanenH 3 nig Gg<

KÅ; GarJ¦ikg<;ç bMsukUlikg<;ç etcIvrikg<;ç

ensC¢ikg<;ç esasanikg<; . edayseg¡b mYyeT[t manRtwmEt 4 y¨agb¨ueNÑaH dUecñH KÅ Tak´TgedaycIvr 2ç

Tak´TgedaybiNÐ:t 5ç

Tak´Tgeday

sáb´rmáab´ eRBaHGaRs&yTuk¡abdibTaç emah; KÅbuK<lGñkminRbmaT

esnasn; 5ç Tak´TgedayesckþIBüayam 1 .

ehIy

4 y¨agenaH ensC¢ikg<; CaGg<RbkbRBmedayvIriy; .

rEmglHbg´:n

eRBaHGaRs&yseløxbdibtþiç

mYyeT[t

kñúgZutg<TaMgenH karesBGarJ¦ikg<; nig ruk¡mUlikg<;CaTIsb|ay dl´buK<lEdlmaneTascritBit. eTascritenaH

RBaHza kalebIbuK<lEdlman

KÅminmanGñkNamYy

mkeb[teb[n

sUm|I

kalebIPik¡úrkSaGeBÖakasikg<; nwgmanGVI eQμaHza

eTIbmanRtwmEt 8 b¨ueNÑaH KÅ ;

Baküza ²karesBZutg<CaTIsb|aydl´buK<lNa³ eqøIyza

RbtibtþilM:kpg Cakarrs´enAy¨agtwgEtgpg .

nig

.

RtUvrkSa kñúgruk¡mUlikg<; nig yzasnætikg<;n@uH .

‘Zutg<esvna’

EdlCaemahcrit .

eRBaHza kalPik¡úrkSasbTancarikg<; k*RtUv

bNþaZutg<TaMg Zutg<TaMg

LayeRkAGMBIenH R:kdc|as´Gs´ehIy . edayseg¡b mYyeT[t Zutg<TaMgGs´n@uHÉg man 2 y¨ag

GaRs&yenA

edayGMNacénTIGaRs&y KÅ; GaRs&ynUvbc©&y 12ç GaRs&y

kñúgéRB nig eRkamKl´eQIhñwgÉg sUm|IeTas; k*rEmgsáb´rmáab´

esckþIBüayam 1 . sUm|IEdlcat´CaGg<EdlKYresB nig minKYr

Edr . enHCakarBN(na edaycMENkénZutg<s&BÞCaedIm .

esB k*man 2 y¨ag dUcKñaEdr .

‘vinicä&yedayseg¡b nig Bisþar’ Baküza ²edayseg¡b nig edayBisþar³ enH manvinicä&yza; k*Zutg<TaMgenH edayseg¡b manRtwmEt 8 b¨ueNÑaH

KÅ cat´CaGg<

kmμdðan rEmgcMerInç

k*kalebIPik¡úNa esBnUvZutg<ç

Pik¡úenaH Kb|IesB . kalebIPik¡úNa esBç

kmμdðan rEmgsabsUnüç Pik¡úenaHminKb|IesBeT. kalesBkþI minesBkþIç

cMENkPik¡úNa

kmμdðan ecHEtcMerIneLIg minsabsUnüç


visuTÆimK< ERb

181

182

Zutg<nieTÞs

Pik¡úenaHÉg ebInwgGnueRKaH dl´RbCMuCnCMnan´eRkay RtUvEtesB .

Pik¡únIenaHeLIy .

sUm|IPik¡úNa esBkþI minesBkþIç kmμdðan k*enAEtmincMerIneLIgç

5 eTIbenAsl´RtwmEt 8 eRBaHPav;EdlminGacbriePaK:n y¨ag

Pik¡úenaHÉg RtUvEtesBdUcKña edIm|ICavasna teTAGnaKt . Zutg<

enHÉg .

man 2 y¨ag k*man KÅZutg<EdlKYresB 1ç Zutg<EdlminKYresB

ElgEtetcIvrikg<;ecjeTA Zutg<Edlesssl´ 12 y¨ag Kb|I

1 dUecñHÉg .

RCabza CaGg< rbs´sameNrTaMgLayç 7 CaGg< rbs´BYknag

sUm|IkñúgGdðkzaTaMgLay k*elakeBalza ²Zutg<TaMgBYgn@uH Ég manRtwmEt 1 edaysMedAykRtg´ectna eRBaHectna kñúg karsmaTanZutg< dUcKñaEtmYyeT³ . ²ectna y¨agNaç

Zutg< k*y¨agenaHEdr³ .

cMENkedayBisþar 13ç

GacarüBYkxøH eBalza ;

Pik¡únI man 8ç

Zutg< man 42 y¨ag KÅ; cMeBaHPik¡ú man

sameNr 12ç

7ç ó:sk nig ó:sika man 2 .

sik¡mana nig sameNrI

RbsinebITIsμsan dl´RBm

CaGarJ¦ikg<; manenA kñúgTIvalRsLHç sUm|IEtPik¡úmYyrUb k*Gac edIm|IbriePaKnUvZutg<:nRKb´TaMgGs´ edayevlaEtmYy. cMENk cMeBaHBYknagPik¡únI GarJ¦ikg<; nig xlubcäaPtþikg<; TaMg 2 y¨ag RBHGg<RTg´ham GeBÖakasikg<;ç

edaysik¡abT CamYyKña . ruk¡mUlikg<;ç

esasanikg<;

Gg<TaMg 3 enH

KÅ;

CaGg<EdlnagPik¡únI

rkSa:nedaylM:k . eRBaHza karenAkñúgéRB R:scaksMLaj´ ehIy rEmgminKYrdl´nagPik¡únIeLIy .

k*kñúgTIkEnøgEbbenaH ®sþI

EdlCasMLaj´manqnÞ;esμIKña rk:nedayRk . k*minrYcputGMBIkarenARcLÚkRcLMKñaEdr .

RbsinebIrk:n

ebIy¨agdUecñaH Pik¡únIKb|I

esBZutg< edIm|IRbeyaCn¾Naç RbeyaCn¾enaH

k*minseRmc dl´

Kb|IRCabza; Zutg< rbs´BYkPik¡únI bnæycuHmk

mYyvijeT[t bNþaZutg<dUc:neBalmkehIy elIk

sik¡mana nig sameNrI . manZutg< 2 KÅ;

cMENkÉ BYkó:sk nig ó:sika

Ékasnikg<; 1ç

btþbiNÐikg<; 1

eRBaHehtuenH

Zutg<TaMg 2 enH b¨ueNÑaH CaZutg< d*smKYrpg GacnwgbriePaK:n pg .

edayBisþar Zutg< man 42 dUecñHÉg .

enH KÅCakar

BN(na edayseg¡b nig Bisþar . k*karBN(naGMBIZutg<EdlCavtþ KÅPik¡úRtUvsmaTan edIm|IjúaMg KuNTaMgLay manesckþIR:zñatic nig senþasCaedIm EdlCa eRK]gpUrpg´ énsIl manRbkardUc:neBalmkehIy odl´RBm kñúgvisuTÆimK< EdlRBHGg<sMEdgehIyedayRbZan KÅsIlç smaZi nig bJ¦a edayKazaenHza ²sIel btidðay nera sbeJ¦a³ dUecñH KÅelak:neBalehIy edaykzamK< manRbmaNb¨ueNÑHÉg . briecäT TI2 eQμaHZutg<nieTÞs kñúgvisuTÆimK< Edlx\úMrcnaehIy edIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´:emaC¢;énsaZuCn dUecñHÉg v

x v

er[ber[gcb´ ézá 14 ekIt ExRsaBN¾ qñaMCUt Gdðs&k BÇsÇ2539 RtUnwgézáGg<ar TI27 ExsIha 1996


kmμdðanK<hNnieTÞs ‘53’

183

«LÚvenH eyaKavcrkulbuRt GñkfitenAs)b´ehIy

kñúgsIlenH EdlpUrpg´ edayKuNTaMgLay manPaBCaGñkR:zña ticCaedIm EdlxøÜn:neZVIodl´RBmehIy edaykarrkSa nUvZutg< y¨agdUecñHehIy Kb|IcMerInsmaZi EdlRBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ sMEdgehIy edayRbZan KÅcitþ tamRBH:lIza ²sIel btidðay

nera sbeJ¦a citþM bJ¦J© PavyM³ dUecñHCaedImç b¨uEnþsmaZienaH

184

eRcInRbkarepSg>Nas´ . karvisC¢nanUvsmaZiTaMgGs´enaHR:zña eZVIoR:kdCak´c|as´ Kb|IjúaMgesckþIb¨gR:zñan@uHÉg oseRmc min:neLIy nig EzmTaMgRbRBwtþeTA edIm|IesckþIraymayelIs edImeTAeT[tç

edayseg¡béRkeBkNas´ eRBaHehtuNaç eRBaHehtuenaH edIm|I nwgsMEdgnUvesckþIBisþar nig n&yénkarcMerIn énsmaZienaH eTIb manbJØakmμ dUcteTAenH KÅ ;

eBalsMedAyk

EdlCakusl eQμaHza smaZi dUecñH . ‘GtæénsmaZi’ Baküza

²smaZi edayGtæzadUcemþc/³ eqøIyza; eQμaHza

smaZi eRBaHGtæza taMgenAs)b´ . sYrza; eQμaHza kartaMgenA s)b´enH etIdUcemþc/ .

eqøIyza; eQμaHza kartaMgenAs)b´enH KÅ

kartaMgenAx¢ab´ GZib|ayza; karfitenAsμaMesμIpg edayRtwmRtUv

Kb|IRCabza ²citþ nig ectsikTaMgLay CaZmμCatminraymay

‘2’ smaZi edayesckþIza dUcemþc/ç ‘3’ GVICalk¡N;ç Carsç CaesckþIR:kd nig Caehtu Ca TItaMg énsmaZienaH/ç

nig

minrsat´GENþtGNþÚg

fitenAsμaMesμIpg

RtwmRtUvpg

kñúg

GarmμN¾EtmYy edayGanuPaB énZm(Naç karfitenA éncitþ nig ectsikTaMgLay edayGanuPaB énZm(enaHenH eQμaHza kartaMg

‘4’ smaZi manb¨unμany¨ag/ç ‘5’ GVICaeRK]gesAhμg nig GVICaesckþIpUrpg´énsmaZienaH/ç ‘6’ smaZi Kb|IcMerIn:n y¨agdUcemþc/ç ‘7’ GVICaGanisgS énkarcMerInsmaZi/ . kñúgbJØakmμenaH mankarvisC¢na dUcteTAenH .

²GVICasmaZi/³ eqøIyza ;

eyIgTaMgLay

pg éncitþ nig ectsikTaMgLay kñúgGarmμN¾EtmYy . ehtuenaH

‘1’ GVICasmaZi/ç

Baküza

eRBaHehtuenaH

esckþIb¨gR:zñan@uHÉg kñúgTIenHza; PaBmanGarmμN¾EtmYy éncitþ

minEmneZVI:n edaygayeT sUm|IRtwmEtyl´dwgç nwgcaM:c´eTA eBaleZVIGVI dl´karcMerInn@uH eRBaHRBHmanRBHPaKRtas´sMEdgehIy

kmμdðanK<hNnieTÞs

smaZi maneRcIny¨ag

enAs)b´³ dUecñH . ‘lk¡N;ç kic©ÇÇÇénsmaZi’ cMENkkúñgBaküza ²GVICalk¡N;ç kic©ç pl nig Caehtu

énsmaZienaH³ dUecñHenH manBaküeqøIyza; smaZi mankarmin raymaycitþ Calk¡N;ç mankarkMcat´ nUvesckþIGENþtGNþÚg Cakic©ç mankiriyaminjab´j&r Caplç cMENkÉehtuénsmaZienaH


visuTÆimK< ERb

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186

kmμdðanK<hNnieTÞs ‘RkumsmaZi 2 TI 1’

KÅesckþIsux edayRBH:lI za ²citþ rbs´buK<lEdlmanesckþI ‘55’

sux rEmgtaMgenAx¢ab´³ dUecñH . ‘RbePTénsmaZi’ ‘54’

Baküza ²smaZi manb¨unμany¨ag/³ eqøIyza; dMbUg

edaylk¡N; KÅkarminraymaycitþ smaZi eTIbmanEtmYyç man 2 y¨ag edayGMNacénóbcarsmaZi nig Gb|nasmaZiç man 2 y¨ag edayGMNacelakiysmaZi nig elakutþrsmaZi k*dUecñaH Edrç man 2 y¨ag edayGMNacénsmaZi EdlRbkbedaybIti

bNÐit

Kb|IRCabesckþIGZib|ay

mancMENk 2 dUcteTAenH . ehIy

edayGMNac

kñúgsmaZi

Edl

ÉkK<ta éncitþ EdlRBHeyaKI :n

énZm(TaMgLayenH

KÅ;

GnusStidðan

mrNsStiç óbsmanusStiç GahaerbdikUlsJ¦aç ctuTÆatuvvdðanç nig ÉkK<ta kñúgcMENkxagedIm énGb|nasmaZi TaMgLayNaç ÉkK<taenH CaóbcarsmaZiç cMENk ÉkK<ta kñúglMdab´ énbrikmμ ÉNa

eRBaHRBH:lIza ²brikmμ énbfmQan Cabc©&y edayCa

nig smaZiEdlminRbkbedaybIti nig edayGMNacsuxshKt;

Gnnþrb|c©&yénbfmQan ‘1’³ dUecñHCaedImç ÉkK<taenH eQμaHza

nig óebk¡ashKt; k*dUecñaHEdrç

Gb|nasmaZi edayRbkardUecñH .

smaZi man 3 y¨ag eday

GMNacénsmaZiEdlGn´zyç kNþal nigRbNItç man 3 y¨ag

GMNacénóbcarsmaZi nig Gb|nasmaZipg y¨agdUecñHÉg . ‘RkumsmaZi 2 TI 2’

edayGMNacénsmaZi Edlmanvitk,; nig manvicar;CaedIm eday GMNacénsmaZi mansmaZiEdlRbkbRBm edaybItiCaedIm nig

smaZi man 2 y¨ag eday

esckþIvinicä&y kñúgRkumsmaZi 2 TI2 dUcteTAenH .

edayGMNacénKuNanuPaBEdlCabritþ;ç mhK<t; nig Gb|maN;

éncitþ EdlCakusl kñúgPUmiTaMg 3

k*dUecñaHEdrç smaZi man 4 y¨ag edayGMNacénesckþIRbtibtþi

Edlsm|yutþehIy edayGriymK< CaelakutþrsmaZi .

nig karyl´dwg manTuk¡abdibTa TnÆaPiJ¦asmaZiCaedIm eday

man 2 y¨ag edayGMNacelakiy; nig elakutþr; y¨agenHÉg.

ÉkK<ta smaZi

‘RkumsmaZi 2 TI 3’

GMNacénGanuPaB nig GarmμN¾ manbritþbritþarmμNsmaZiCaedIm edayGMNacénGg< énctukCÄan edayGMNacénEpñk manbhan-

CaelakiysmaZiç

ÉkK<ta

esckþIvinicä&y kúñgRkumsmaZi 2 TI3 dUcteTAenH .

ÉkK<ta

PaKiysmaZiCaedIm edayGMNacPUmi mankamavcrsmaZiCaedIm

kúñgQanTaMg 2 kñúgctuk,n&y kñúgQanTaMg 3

nig edayGMNac«TÆi:T EdlCaGZibtI k*y¨agdUecñaHEdrç smaZi

smaZi RbkbedaybItiç ÉkK<ta kñúgQanTaMgLay 2 d*ess

man 5 y¨ag edayGMNacénGg< énbJ©kQan kñúgbJ©kn&y .

CasmaZi minRbkbedaybItiç

kñúgsmaZiTaMgenaH smaZimancMENkEt1 manesckþIrak´EmnBit.

1- GPiÇ

kñúgbJ©kn&y Ca

EtóbcarsmaZi CasmaZi Rbkb

bÇ PaKTI 98 TMB&rTI 286 .


visuTÆimK< ERb edaybIti ‘nig’ minRbkbedaybIti .

187 smaZi man 2 y¨ag

188

kmμdðanK<hNnieTÞs

vicar;ç k*buK<lNa eXIjeTasRtwmEtkñúgvitk,;b¨ueNÑaH mineXIj eTas kñúgvicar; R:zñaRtwmEtkarlHbg´ nUvvitk,;Etmü¨ag knøgnUv

edayGMNac énsb|Itik; nig nib|Itik; y¨agenHÉg . ‘RkumsmaZi 2 TI 4’

bfmQanç buK<lenaH rEmg:nnUvsmaZi Edlminmanvitk,; man

esckþIvinicä&y kúñgRkumsmaZi 2 TI4 dUcteTAenH .

ÉkK<ta

RtwmEtvicar;ç

Baküza ²smaZi kúñgTutiyQan kñúgbJ©kn&y Ca

kñúgQanTaMg 3 kñúgctuk,n&y kñúgQanTaMg 4 kñúgbJ©kn&y Ca

Gvitk,vicarmtþsmaZi³ dUecñHn@uH KÅx\úMeBalehIysMedAyknUvsmaZi

smaZi RbkbRBmedaysuxç ÉkK<ta kñúgQanTaMgLayd*ess

rbs´buK<lenaH .

CasmaZi

CasmaZi

ctuk,n&y manTutiyQanCaedIm nig kñúgbJ©kn&y manttiy-

smaZi man

QanCaedIm CasmaZiEdlminmanTaMgvitk,; minmanTaMgvicar; .

2 y¨ag edayGMNacénsuxshKt; nig óebk¡ashKt; eday

smaZi man 3 y¨ag edayGMNacénGg< KÅvitk,; vicar; man

RbkardUecñHÉg .

svitk,; nig svicar; CaedIm y¨agdUecñHÉg .

RbkbRBmedayóebk¡aç

EtóbcarsmaZi

RbkbRBmedaysux ‘nig’ RbkbRBmedayóebk¡a .

‘RkumsmaZi 3 TI 1’

‘RkumsmaZi 3 TI 3’

‘56’ k*kñúgRkumsmaZiTaMgLay 3 esckþIvinicä&y kñúgRkum smaZi 3 TI 1 dUcteTA .

cMENk ÉkK<ta kñúgQanTaMgLay 3 kñúg

esckþIvinicä&y kñúgRkumsmaZi 3 TI3 dUcteTAenH .

ÉkK<ta

smaZi EdlbuK<lRKan´Et:nehIy

kñúgQanTaMgLay 2 xagedIm kñúgctuk,n&y nig kñúgQanTaMg 3

CasmaZi d*Gn´zyç smaZi EdlbuK<l:nGb´rMehIy minTan´:n

xagedImkñúgbJ©kn&y CasmaZiEdlRbkbRBmedaybIti. ÉkK<ta

lÁRbesIr CasmaZi zñak´kNþalç

smaZi EdlbuK<l:nGb´rMlÁ

kñúgttiyQan nig kñúgctutæQan kñúgctuk,n&y nig kñúgbJ©k-

RbesIrehIy CasmaZiRbNIt .

smaZi man 3 y¨ag eday

n&yTaMgenaHÉg

GMNacsmaZi d*Gn´zy mZüm nig d*RbNIt y¨agenHÉg . ‘RkumsmaZi 3 TI 2’ esckþIvinicä&y kñúgRkumsmaZi 3 TI 2 dUcteTAenH .

smaZi

smaZi kñúgTutiyQan kñúgbJ©kn&y Ca

Gvitk,; nig vicarmtþsmaZi

ÉkK<ta

kñúgQanCaTIbMput CasmaZiEdlRbkb edayóebk¡aç Etóbcar smaZi CasmaZi EdlRbkbRBmedaybIti nig suxxøH Rbkb

kñúgbfmQan mYyGenøIedayóbcarsmaZi CasmaZi EdlRbkb edayvitk,; nig vicar;ç

KÅCasmaZiEdlRbkbRBmedaysux .

KÅCasmaZi Edlminmanvitk,; manEt

edayóebk¡axøH .

smaZi man 3 y¨ag edayGMNacsmaZi man

bItishKtsmaZiCaedIm dUecñHÉg . ‘RkumsmaZi 3 TI 4’ esckþIvinicä&y kñúgRkumsmaZi 3 TI4 dUcteTAenH . ÉkK<ta


visuTÆimK< ERb kñúgóbcarPUmi

CasmaZimanKuNd*ticç

189 ÉkK<ta

kñúgrU:vcr

nig

GrU:vcr‘PUmi’ EdlCakusl CasmaZiEdlmanKuNd*ZMç ÉkK<ta

190 Cakarqab´rh&s

smaZi man 3 y¨ag edayGMNacénKuN manbritþ;

mhK<t; nig Gb|maN; .

‘57’

y¨agqab´rh&s dl´

bNÐit Kb|IRCabvinicä&y kñúgbdibTa nig GPiJ¦aTaMgenaH dUc teTA;

x\MúnwgBN(nanUvrbs´EdlCaTIsb|ay nig rbs´Edlmin

CaTIsb|ay

‘Rkum smaZi 4 TI 1’

KÅminyÅtyUr RbRBwtþeTA

buK<lBYkxøH .

Edlsm|yutþ edayGriymK< CasmaZi EdlmanKuNRbmaN min:n .

kmμdðanK<hNnieTÞs

nUvbuBVkic©TaMgLay

mankarkat´nUvblieBaZCaedIm

nig nUvGb|naekaslTaMgLayÉNaBÆd*xagmuxç bNþarbs´Edl

esckþIvinicä&y kñúgRkumsmaZiTaMgLay 4 kñúgRkum

Casb|ay nig CaGsb|ayCaedImenaH RBHeyaKI rUbNa CaGñk

smaZi4 TI1 dUcteTA . smaZiEdlmankarRbtibtþilM:k k*manç

esBnUvrbs´EdlCaGsb|ayç bdibTa rbs´RBHeyaKIenaH Ca

mankarRtas´dwgyÅtyUr

mankarRbtibtþilM:k

bdibTaRbRBwtþeTAedaylM:kpg karRtas´dwg rbs´RBHeyaKIenaH

k*man EtmankarRtas´dwgqab´rh&sk*manç smaZi mankarRbtibtþi

k*yÅtyUrpg . bdibTa rbs´RBHeyaKIEdlesBnUvrbs´EdlCa

RsYl k*manç mankarRtas´dwgyÅtyUr k*manç smaZi mankar

sb|ay CabdibTaRbRBwtþeTA edayRsYlpg karRtas´dwg rbs´

k*manç

smaZi

RbtibtþiRsYlk*man b¨uEnþmankarRtas´dwgqab´rh&s k*man dUecñH Ég .

kñúgBaküza bdibTa nig GPiJ¦aenaH karcMerInsmaZi Edl

RbRBwtþeTAcab´taMgBIkarRbmUlnUvcitþ oyagcuHkñúgkmμdðan CadMbUg rhUtdl´óbcar; énQanenaH> ekIteLIg ehAza ²bdibTa³ . cMENk bJ¦a EdlRbRBwtþeTAcab´taMgGMBIóbcar; rhUtdl´Gb|na elakehAza ²GPiJ¦a³ .

k*bdibTaenHnu@H rEmgCakarlM:k KÅCa

RBHeyaKIenaH k*qab´rh&spg . nUvrbs´EdlCaGsb|ay

cMENk RBHeyaKIrUbNa esB

kúñgkalCaxagedImehIy

CaGñkesB

nUvrbs´EdlCasb|ay kñúgkaleRkaymk ß esBnUvrbs´Edl Casb|ay

kñúgkalCaxagedImehIy

CaGñkesBnUvrbs´EdlCa

Gsb|ay kñúgkaleRkaymkç bdibTa nigGPiJ¦a rbs´RBHeyaKI rUbenaH bNÐit Kb|IRCabza Carbs´RcbUkRcbl´Kña .

k*mann&y

karRk GZib|ayza cMerInmin:nRsYl dl´buK<lBYkxøH eRBaHRtUv

dUcKñaenaHEdr bdibTa rbs´RBHeyaKIEdlmin:njúaMgbuBVkic© man

Zm(EdlCaswksRtUvmannIvNZm(CaedIm RkbYc RbmUl rYbrwt .

karkat´nUvblieBaZCaedIm oseRmcehIy mkRbkbnUvPavna Ca

‘Et’ rEmgCakarRsYl dl´buK<lBYkxøH eRBaHminmanZm( EdlCa

bdibTaRbRBwtþeTAedaylM:kç edayn&yEdlpÞúyBIKña CabdibTa

swksRtUvmannIvrNZm( CaedImenaHrYbrwt . ÉGPiJ¦a rEmgCa

RbRBwtþeTA edayRsYl .

karyÅt KÅyUr minRbRBwtþeTA y¨agqab´rh&sdl´buK<lBYkxøHç ‘Et’

min:njúaMgGb|naekaslTaMgLayoseRmc CaZmμCatiyÅtyUr

cMENkÉ GPiJ¦a rbs´RBHeyaKIEdl


visuTÆimK< ERb

191

192

kmμdðanK<hNnieTÞs

GPiJ¦a rbs´RBHeyaKIEdljúaMgGb|naekasl oseRmc CaZmμ

cMENkGPiJ¦a rbs´buK<lEdlman«®nÞIy¾xøaMgkøa CaZmμCati qab´

Catiqab´rh&s. müa¨geT[t RbePTénbdibTa nig GPiJ¦aTaMgLay

rh&s edayRbkardUecñH .

enaH bNÐitKb|IRCab edayGMNactNØa nig GviC¢a nig eday

Na dl´nUvsmaZi edaybdibTad*lM:k nig edayGPiJ¦ad*yÅt

GMNacénkarsnSMGb´rMmk kúñgsmz; nig vibsSnapg . EmnBit

yUrç smaZienaH rbs´buK<lenaH elakehAza ²bdibTaRbRBwtþeTA

bdibTa rbs´RBHeyaKI EdlRtUvtNØaRKbsg,t´ KÅCabdibTa d*

edaylM:k ‘TaMg’ karRtas´dwgk*yÅtyUr³ y¨agdUecñHÉg.

lM:kç

kñúgsmaZi 3 d*ess k*n&ydUcKñaenHEdr . smaZi man 4 y¨ag

bdibTa rbs´RBHeyaKI EdlminRtUvtNØaRKbsg,t´ Ca

bdibTaRbRBwtþeTARsYl .

ÉGPiJ¦a rbs´RBHeyaKI EdlRtUv

GviC¢aRKbsg,t´ KÅCaZmμCatiyÅtyUrç rbs´RBHeyaKI EdlminRtUv

edayGMNacénkarRbtibtþi

kñúgbdibTa nig GPiJ¦aTaMgenH buK<l

nig

karRtas´dwg

sUm|I

manTuk¡abdibTa

TnÆaPiJ¦asmaZiCaedIm edayRbkardUecñHÉg . ‘RkumsmaZi 4 TI 2’

GviC¢aRKbsg,t´ CaZmμCatiRbRBwtþeTAqab´rh&s. cMENkRBHeyaKI rUbNa min:neZVIkarsnSMGb´rMmk kñúgsmz;ç bdibTa rbs´RBH

esckþIvinicä&y kúñgRkumsmaZi 4 TI2 dUcteTAenH . Kb|I

eyaKIrUbenaH CabdibTaRbRBwtþeTA edaylM:kç rbs´RBHeyaKI

RCabza smaZi mansPaBtUcqμarpg TaMgmanGarmμN¾tUcqμarpg

Edl:neZVIkarsnSMGb´rMmk CabdibTaRbRBwtþeTA edayRsYl .

k*manç smaZimansPaBtUcqμarpg EtmanGarmμN¾RbmaNmin:n

cMENkRBHeyaKINa min:neZVIkarsnSMGb´rM kñúgvibsSnaç GPiJ¦a

k*manç

rbs´RBHeyaKIenaH

qμar

CaZmμCatiyÅtyUrç

rbs´RBHeyaKIEdl:n

smaZi mansPaBrkRbmaNmin:n EtmanGarmμN¾ tUc

k*manç

smaZi

mansPaBrkRbmaNmin:npg

TaMgman

eZVIkarsnSMGb´rMmk CaZmμCatiqab´rh&s . mYyeT[t bNÐit Kb|I

GarmμN¾ rkRbmaNmin:npg k*man .

RCabRbePTénbdibTa nig GPiJ¦aTaMgenaH edayGMNacénkiels

smaZiNa minsÞat´CMnaj minGacedIm|InwgCabc©&y énQanzñak´

nig «®nÞIy¾pgcuH .

BitEmndUecñaH bdibTa rbs´buK<lEdlman

x¬s´:nç smaZienH CasmaZimansPaBtUcqμar . cMENksmaZi

kielsxøaMgkøa Etman«®nÞIy¾Tn´exSay CabdibTaRbRBwtþeTA eday

Na RbRBwtþeTAkñúgGarmμN¾EdlminrIkcMerInç smaZienH CasmaZi

lM:kpg TaMgGPiJ¦a k*CaZmμCatiyÅtyUrpgç cMENkÉ GPiJ¦a

manGarmμN¾d*tUcqμar .

rbs´buK<lGñkman«®nÞIy¾xøaMgkøa CaZmμCatiqab´rh&s .

RBHeyaKI :nGb´rMlÁehIy rEmgGacedIm|ICabc©&y énQanzñak´

rbs´buK<lEdlmankielsTn´exSay

nig

ÉbdibTa

man«®nÞIy¾Tn´exSay

CabdibTaRbRBwtþeTA edayRsYlç bu¨Enþ GPiJ¦a CaZmμCatiyÅtyUrç

x¬s´:nç

smaZienH

kñúgsmaZi TaMg 4 enaH

smaZi ÉNa mankarsÞat´CMnaj Edl

CasmaZimansPaBRbmaNmin:nç

eT[t smaZiNa RbRBwtþeTA kñúgGarmμN¾EdlrIkcMerInç

mYy

smaZienH


visuTÆimK< ERb

193

194

kmμdðanK<hNnieTÞs

manGarmμN¾ rkRbmaNmin:n . cMENkÉ n&yénsmaZi Edl

GMNacénkartm,l´enA énstiEdlCasPav;d*smKYr dl´smaZi

RcbUkRcbl´Kña bNÐit Kb|IRCab kñúgsmaZi EdlRcbUkRcbl´Kña

enaHç Pav;énsmaZi CaviessPaKiy; bNÐit Kb|IRCab eday

tamlk¡N; Edl:neBalrYcmkehIy y¨agenHÉg .

smaZi

man 4 y¨ag edayGMNacénKuN nig GarmμN¾ manbritþbritþarmμNsmaZiCaedIm dUecñHÉg .

kñúgRkumsmaZi 4 TI3 mandUcteTAenH .

bfmQan manGg< 5 KÅ vitk,;ç vicar;ç bItiç sux; nig smaZi Edlb®g,abnUvnIvrN;:nehIyç bnÞab´BIenaH TutiyQan vitk,; nig vicar; sáb´rmáab´ manGg< 3ç bIti:t´bg´eTA enAsl´Gg< 2ç

bnÞab´GMBIenaH ttiyQan man bnÞab´GMBIenaH ctutæQan lHbg´

nUvsux;ecj enAsl´Gg< 2 edayGMNacénsmaZi EdlRbkb RBm edayóebk¡aevTna .

smaZi man 4 y¨ag EdlCaGg< én

QanTaMgLay 4 enH dUecñHÉgç

smaZi man 4 y¨ag

eday

GMNacGg<rbs´ctuk,Qan y¨agenHÉg .

EdlRbRBwtþeTAxagpøÚvvinask*manç RbRBwtþeTAxagpøÚvviess k*manç

duHdaleLIgénsJ¦a nig mnsikar EdlRbRBwtþeTARBm eday sJ¦a

RbkbRBmedaykam

rEmgdas´et]n

smaZi

EdlmansPaBd*smKYrdl´bJ¦aenaH bJ¦a mancMENkénkartaMgenAç

rEmgtaMgenAesμI

eQμaHza

kareZVITukkñúgcitþ edaysJ¦a min

Rbkbedayvitk,; rEmgdas´et]n‘nUvbuK<lEdl:nbfmCÄanenaH’ eQμaHza bJ¦amancMENkénesckþIviessç kareZVITukkñúgcitþeday sJ¦a EdlRbkbedayniBViTa RbkbedayviraK; rEmgdas´et]n ‘nUvbuK<lEdl:nnUvbfmCÄanenaH’ eQμaHza bJ¦a mancMENk énesckþIen]yNay ‘1’ ³ y¨agdUecñHÉg .

sUm|IsmaZi

Edl

smaZi man 4 y¨ag

edayGMNacénsmaZi manhanPaKiysmaZi CaedIm dUecñHÉg . ‘RkumsmaZi 4 TI 5’

RbRBwtþeTAxagpøÚvfitenAk*manç

RbRBwtþeTAxagpøÚvRtas´dwgGriy-

nUvbuK<lEdl:n

bfmCÄan eQμaHza bJ¦a mancMENkénesckþIsabsUnüç sti

sm|yutþehIy edaybJ¦aenaH k*man 4 .

‘RkumsmaZi 4 TI 4’ esckþIvinicä&y kñúgRkumsmaZi 4 TI4 dUcteTAenH .

énsmaZi CanieBVZPaKiy; bNÐitKb|IRCab edayGMNacénkiriya niBViTa . smdUcCaelak eBalehIyza; ²kareZVITukkñúgcitþeday

‘RkumsmaZi 4 TII 3’ esckþIvinicä&y

GMNacénkiriya:nsMerc nUvZm(d*viessx¬s´eLIgeTA> nig Pav;

esckþIvinicä&y kúñgRkumsmaZi 4 TI5 dUcteTAenH . smaZi TaMgLay 4 y¨agenH KÅ; smaZiEdlCakamavcrç

smaZiEdl

sc© k*man . kñúgsmaZiTaMg 4 enaH Pav;énsmaZi Cahan-

CarU:vcrç smaZiEdlCaGrU:vcrç smaZiEdlminrab´bJ©Úl kñúg

PaKiy; bNÐitKb|IRCab edayGMNacénkarRbRBwtþipÞúHeLIg énZ(m

PUmiTaMg 3 enaH KÅCaelakutþr; .

EdlCaswksRtUvç

Pav;énsmaZiCafitP i aKiy; Kb|IRCab eday

1-

GPiÇ

viÇ

kñúgsmaZiTaMgenaH ÉkK<ta zñak´

PaKTI 82 TMB&rTI 104 .


visuTÆimK< ERb óbcar;TaMgBYg kuslcitþ

eQμaHza

CakamavcrsmaZiç

manrU:vcrcitþCaedIm

eRkAGMBIenH .

195

eQμaHza

smaZi man 4 y¨ag

ÉkK<ta

CasmaZi

Epñkxag 3

edayGMNacénPUmi

man

esckþIvinicä&y kúñgRkumsmaZi 4 TI6 dUcteTAenH .

Rbsin

rEmg:nnUvsmaZi :nnUvPav;én

smaZienH ehAza qnÞsmaZiç ebIPik¡úeZVI

nUvvIriy;oCaZM rEmg:nnUvsmaZi :nnUvPav;éncitþmanGarmμN¾ EtmYyç smaZienH ehAza vIriysmaZiç ebIPik¡úeZVI nUvcitþoCaZM rEmg:nnUvsmaZi

:nnUvPav;éncitþmanGarmμN¾EtmYyç

smaZi

enH elakehAza citþsmaZiç ebIPik¡úeZVIvImMsaoCaZM rEmg:nnUv smaZi

:nnUvPav;éncitþmanGarmμN¾EtmYyç

vImMsasmaZi ‘1’ç

smaZi enH ehAza

‘58’ esckþIvinicä&y kñúgRkumsmaZi 5 dUcteTAenH . bNÐit Kb|IRCabQanTaMgLay 5 eRBaHEbgEckCaBIr edayviZIy¨agenH KÅ; TutiyQanNa EdlelakeBalehIy kñúgctuk,n&y TutiyQanenaH ‘Ebg’CaTutiyQan eRBaHknøgRtwmEtvitk,;ç CattiyQan eRBaHknøgTaMgvitk,; TaMgvicar;ç smaZiEdlCaGg< énQan TaMg 5 enaH eTIbCasmaZi 5 y¨agdUecñHç GPiÇ

viÇ

PaKTI 81 TMB&rTI 187 .

bNÐit Kb|IRCabPav;

y¨agenHÉg .

k*BaküeqøIy kñúgbJØakmμza ²GVI CaesckþIesAhμg nig

GVICaesckþIpUrpg´ rbs´smaZienaH /³ dUecñHenH KÅelak:neBal EmnBit kñúgviP&g<enaH elak:neBal

ehIyza Zm(EdlCacMENkénesckþIsabsUnü eQμaHza esckþI esAhμgç

Zm(EdlCacMENkénesckþIviess

pUrpg´ .

kñúgZm(TaMg 2 y¨agenaH bNÐitKb|IRCabhanPaKiyZ(m

eQμaHza

esckþI

tamn&yenHza ²kareZVITukkñúgcitþedaysJ¦a RbkbedaykamrEmg das´et]nnUvbuK<lGñk:nbfmQanç eQμaHza bJ¦a mancMENk énesckþIsabsUnü ‘1’ ³ .

viessPaKiyZm( bNÐitKb|IRCab

tamn&yenHza ²kareZVITukkñúgcitþ edaysJ¦a minRbkbedayvitk,; rEmgdas´et]nÇÇÇ eQμaHza bJ¦a mancMENkénesckþIviess³ . ‘karcMerInsmaZi’

smaZi man 4 y¨ag edayGMNacén«TÆi:T

EdlCaGZibtICaedIm y¨agdUecñHÉg .

1-

‘59’

ehIy kñúgviP&g<nu@HÉg .

‘RkumsmaZi 4 TI 6’

citþmanGarmμN¾EtmYyç

kmμdðanK<hNnieTÞs

énsmaZi man 5 edayGMNacGg< énbJ©kQan

y¨ag

kamavcrsmaZiCaedIm y¨agenHÉg .

ebIPik¡úeZVIesckþIeBjcitþ oCaZM

196

‘60’ ÉBaküeqøIy

kñúgbJØakmμza

²smaZienaH Kb|IcMerIn

y¨agdUcemþc/³ enH bNÐit Kb|IRCab dUcteTA . smaZi ÉNa Edlsm|yutþehIyedayGriymK< KÅx\MúeBalehIy mundMbUg kñúg Tuk,smaZi manCaGaTi¾za ²smaZienH man 2 y¨ag edayGMNac énelakiy; nig elakutþr;³ dUecñHç smaZienaH eRBaHza

n&ykñúgkarcMerIn nUvGriymK<-

elakse®g<aH edayn&y énkarcMerInnUvbJ¦an@uHÉg .

kalebIbJ¦a

KÅbuK<lcMerInehIyç

k*eQμaHza KÅbuK<lcMerInehIy edayBit . 1-

GPiÇ

viÇ

PaKTI 82 TMB&rTI 104 .

GriymK<smaZienaH eRBaHehtuenaH eyIg


visuTÆimK< ERb

197

198

kmμdðanK<hNnieTÞs

nwgmineBalsMedAyknUvGriymK<smaZienaH edayELk> GVIeT[t

eRK]gkgVl´TaMg10 y¨agenHÉg eQμaHza blieBaZ . bNþa

za ²GriymK<smaZienaH Kb|IcMerIny¨agenH>³dUecñHeLIy. cMENk

blieBaZTaMg 10 y¨agenaH Gavasn@uHÉg eQμaHza esckþIkgVl´

smaZiEdlCaelakiy;enHÉNaç smaZiEdlCaelakiy;enaH KÅ RBHeyaKIKb|IjúaMgsIlTaMgLay Edl:neBalehIy

fitenA

bNþablieBaZTaMg 10 y¨ag eyaKavcrenaHç

o:nbrisuTÆsÁat

edayn&y

kñúgsIlEdlbrisuTÆsÁatehIyç blieBaZNanImYy

mandl´RBH

kat´pþac´nUvblieBaZenaHecalehIy

cUleTArk

elakGñkEdlonUvkmμdðan EdlCaklüaNmiRtd*lÁ er[nyknUv kmμdðanNamYy

kñúgcMeNamkmμdðanTaMg

40

EdlsmKYr

dl´

criyarbs´xøÜn lHbg´nUvvihar EdlminsmKYrdl´karcMerInsmaZi ehIy enAkñúgvihar d*smKYr kat´pþac´nUvesckþIkgVl´tUctac o Gs´ehIy Kb|ICaGñkminjúaMgPavnaviZIosabsUnü cMerIn‘smaZi’ cuH .

enH CaesckþIseg¡b kñúgkarcMerInnUvsmaZienaH .

cMENk

esckþIBisþarvij maner[brab´dUcteTAenH .

Edlelak:neBalTukhIyç

.

n&ykúñgblieBaZeRkAGMBIenH

manRtkUlCaedIm

k*mann&ydUcKñaenHEdr . esckþIGZib|ay kñúgblieBaZ 10 enaH Kb|IRCabdUcteTA ; ‘GavasblieBaZ’ sUm|IbnÞb´mYy k*ehAza Gavasç sUm|IbrievNmYy k*ehAza Gavasç sUm|Isg¹aramTaMgmUl k*ehAza GavasEdr . Gavas enHenaH minEmnCablieBaZ dl´Pik¡úRKb´> rUbeLIy .

k*Pik¡úNa

dl´nUvkarxVl´xVay kñúgkic©karepSg> mankargarksagCaedIm kñúg GavasenaHkþI CaGñkmankarsnSMrbs´rbrCaeRcIn kñúgGavasenaHkþI CaGñkmanesckþIGal&y mancitþCab´CMBak´ kñúgGavasenaH eday ehtukarN¾NamYykþIç GavasenaH eTIbCaTIblieBaZ dl´Pik¡úrUb enaHEmn . minEmnCaTIblieBaZ dl´Pik¡úeRkAGMBIenHeLIy .

‘blieBaZ 10’ BaküÉNa

edayGavas

esckþIvinicä&y

kñúgBaküza ²bNþablieBaZTaMgLay 10 y¨ag blieBaZ ÉNa mYy mandl´RBHeyaKavcrenaH kat´pþac´nUvblieBaZenaH³ dUecñH enH bNÐitKb|IRCabCamun .

eRK]gkgVl´TaMgLayenaH man 10 y¨ag KW Gavasç RtkUlç laPç KN; nig kargarCaKRmb´ 5ç kareZVI dMeNIrç jatiç GaBaZç karsikSaer[nsURt nig #TÆi .

er]genH CaniTsSn; kñúgPav;énGavasminCaTIblieBaZenaH. maner]gdMNalza;

kulbuRt

2

nak´

ecjGMBIGnuraZburI

edaylMdab´ehIy :nbYs kñúgvtþzU:ram .

eTA

bNþabBVCitTaMg 2

enaH bBVCitmYyrUb er[nmatika 2 :ny¨agsÞat´CMnaj CaGñkman vsSaRKb´ 5 bvarNaehIy eTAkan´CnbT eQμaH:cInxNÐraCI . Pik¡úmYyrUbeT[t Kg´nAkñúgzU:ramenaHÉg .

Pik¡úEdleTAkan´CnbT

eQμaH:cInxNÐraCI enAkñúgTIenaH y¨agyUr :nCaRBHezr;ehIy Kit za ²TIenH CaTId*smKYr dl´karenAsmáMç

eNØIycuH GatμaGj


visuTÆimK< ERb

199

200

kmμdðanK<hNnieTÞs

nwgR:b´ nUver]genaH dl´Pikú¡EdlCamiRtsMLaj´pg³ dUecñHehIy

eqøIyza ²RtUvehIy elakd*manGayu³ .

k*ecjBITIenaH eTAdl´zU:ram edaylMdab´ .

²bBiRtelakd*cMerIn CnbTeQμaH:cInxNÐraCICakEnøgmanesckþI

RBHezr;Edlman

Pik¡úGaKnþúketær eBalza

vsSaesμIKña eXIjRBHezr;enaH kMBugedIrcUlmkn@uHÉg eTIbeTArk

suxç BYkeyIgnwgeTA‘enA’ kñúgTIenaHcuH³ .

TTYldMeNIrehIykan´yk:Rt nig cIBrehIy:neZVIvtþRbtibtþi .

k*ecjBInKrtamTVarTisTkSiN edIreTAkan´pøÚvénRsukCageZVIqñaMg .

RBHezr;EdlCaGaKnþúk; :ncUleTAkan´TIesnasn;ehIy Kitza

RBHezr;eRkAenH eBalza ²bBiRtelakd*ceRmIn cuHehtuGVI :nCa

²sMLaj´rbs´GatμaGj nwgyknUvsb|i ß TwkGMeBA ßk* Twk:n;

elakedIreTAkan´pøÚvenH/³ .

mko«LÚvenH eRBaHsMLaj´enH mkenAkñúgnKrenH yUrehIy³ .

Gayu elak:nBN(na nUvCnbT eQμaH:cInxNÐraCI minEmneT

RBHGaKnþúketærenaH min:nvtæúGVIeLIy rhUtdl´yb´ luHRBwkeLIg

ß/³ .

eTIbKitza ²eBlenH sMLaj´ rbs´Gj nwgbJ¢ÚnnUvyaKU nig vtæú

elakKg´enA Gs´kalRbmaNb¨ueNÑHenH etIminmanGtierkbrik¡ar

EdlKYrqan´ EdlBYkóbdðaknaMykmkRbeKn³ .

GVIxøHeTß/³ .

RBHGaKnþúketær

RBHezr; ‘TTYlehIy’

RBHezr; eBalza ²mñalelakd*man

Pikú¡GaKnþúketær eBalza ²bBiRtelakd*cMerIn kñúgTIEdl

RBHezr; eBalza ²mñalGavuesa

RtUvehIyç ERK

enaH min:neXIjnUvyaKU nig vtæúEdlKYrqan´ EdlxøÜn:nKitenaH

nig taMg KWCarbs´sg¹ç

x\úM :nRbmUl Tukdak´va RtwmRtUvehIyç

eLIy eTIbKitza ²eQμaHza rbs´EdleKykmkRbeKn minman

rbs´GVI> ÉeT[tKμaneT³.

RBHGaKnþúketær eBalza ²bBiRtelak

eTç kalebIRBHezr; EdlCasMLaj´rbs´Gj cUleTA‘biNÐ:Rt’

d*ceRmIn! EteQIRct´ nig bMBg´eRbgç Es|keCIgç eRsam:Rt

RbEhlCaBYkóbdðak RbeKneTdwg/³ dUecñHehIy k*cUleTATIRkug

rbs´x\Mú enAmankñúgTIenaHÉg³ .

‘edIm|IbiNÐ:Rt’ CamYyRBHezr;enaH taMgEtBIRBlwm .

RBHezr;

elakenA Gs´eBlmYyézá Tukdak´rbs´ manRbmaNb¨ueNÑaHß/³

TaMgBIrrUbenaH Rtac´eTAelIzñl´EtmYy :nnUvyaKURtwmEtmYyEvk

dUecñH . RBHGaKnþúketær eBalza ²bBiRtelakd*cMerIn BitEmn

k*Gg<úy hutelIGasnsala .

lMdab´enaH Pik¡úGaKnþúk; Kitza

ehIy³ . RBHGaKnþúketærenaHmancitþRCHzøa zVaybg<MRBHezr;ehIy

kñúgevlaqan´P&tþenHÉg mnusSTaMg

eTIbeBalza ²bBiRtelakd*cMerIn cMeBaHPik¡úTaMgLay dUcCaelak

sUm|Ikñúgevlaqan´P&tþenaH

m©as´ karrs´enAkñúgéRBn@uHÉg rEmgRbRBwtþeTA:n kñúgTIRKb´kEnøgç

RBHGaKnþúketæreRkAenH qan´nUvGaharEdlRtac´eTAbiNÐ:Rt :n

zU:ram CaTIkEnøgbJ©úHRBHZatuRBHBuTÆTaMgLay 4 RBHGg<ç elak

mkn@uHÉgehIy k*:nsYrza ²bBiRtelakd*ceRmIn! etIelakjúaMg

m©as´

GtþPaB oRbRBwtþeTAy¨agenH Gs´kalTaMgBYgß/³ .

eXIjmhaectiy nig :neXIjRBHezr;

²yaKURbcaM eXIjza minmanç

Lay nwgRbeKnP&tþd*RbNIt³ dUecñH .

RBHezr;

RBHezr; eBalza ²mñalGavuesa

:nsþab´Zm(EdlCaTIsb|ay

kñúgelahR:saTç rEmgRbRBwtþeTA

:n dUcCa


visuTÆimK< ERb BuTÆkalç

201

sUmelakm©as´ emtþaKg´enA kñúgzU:ramenHcuH³ dUecñH

ehIy kñúgézá TI3

k*:nkan´:Rt nig cIvr eTAEtxøÜnb¨ueNÑaHÉg .

Gavas rEmgminCaTIblieBaZ dl´Pik¡údUcenHeLIy .

kmμdðanK<hNnieTÞs

dUecñHehIy k*:nR:b´er]gra¨venaH‘dl´RBHezr;’ . RBHezr; eBal za ²elak:neZVIkmμlÁehIyç sUm|Ió:sika k*dNþwgsYrminQb´ Edrç cMENkx\úMesat k*:nmkehIy edIm|IRbeyaCn¾enHEdrç cUr

‘kulblieBaZ’ ‘61’

202

elakeTAcuHç cMENkx\úMnwgenAcaMvsSaenH kñúgTIenHÉg³ dUecñHehIy

RtkUljatikþI RtkUlóbdðakkþI eQμaHza RtkUl .

bJ¢ÚnPik¡úkemøaHenaHeTAehIy .

Pik¡úkemøaHenaH :neTAdl´vtþenaH

EmnBit sUm|IRtkUlénóbdðak k*rEmgCablieBaZ cMeBaHPik¡úBYkxøH

kñúgézácUlvsSan@uHÉg . sUm|Iesnasn; EdlejamRbus rbs´

EdlenARcbUkRcbl´ edayn&yza ²ebIBYkóbdðak manesckþIsuxç

elak oeKksagehIyn@uHÉg k*:ndl´Pik¡úkemøaHenaH .

GatμaGj k*manesckþIsuxEdr³ dUecñHCaedIm.

Pik¡úenaH RBat´BIBYk

RKaenaH kñúgézáTI 2 ejamRbusrbs´Pik¡úenaH mkehIy sYrza

mnusSkñúgRtkUl sUm|IeTAkan´vtþCitxag edIm|Isþab´Zm(k*min:n .

²bBiRtRBHKuNm©as´

sUm|Imatabita

Na/³ luH:n»za ²:ndl´Pik¡úkemøaH EdlCaGaKnþúk;³ dUecñH k*

k*minCablieBaZ

cMeBaHPik¡úNamYyeLIy

dUcCa

esnasn;

rbs´ejam

etI:ndl´Pik¡úGg<

Pik¡úkemøaHEdlRtUvCakμÜy rbs´RBHtisSetær EdlGaRs&yenA kñúg

cUleTArkPik¡úenaH

ekarnÞkvihar y¨agenaHÉg .

m©as´d*cMerIn vtþrEmgmandl´Pik¡úEdlcUlcaMvsSa kñúgTIesnasn;

:n»mkza; Pik¡úkemøaHenaH :neTAkan´erahNCnbT edIm|I er[n:lI .

cMENkó:sikaEdlRtUvCabÁÚnRsIrbs´RBHezr; :n

zVaybg<MehIy

rbs´x\úMRBHkruNa³ . dUcemþceTA/³ .

eTIbeBalza

²bBiRtRBHKuN

Pik¡úkemøaHenaH sYrza ²mñaló:sk etIvtþ

ó:skenaH TUlza ²vtþenaH KÅRBHKuNm©as´RtUv

sYrnUvBt(man rbs´Pik¡úkemøaHenaH nwgRBHezr;RKb´> eBlevla .

TTYlPik¡a EtkñúgpÞH rbs´ejamb¨ueNÑaH rhUtGs´ 3 Ex luHdl´

RBHezr; Kitza ²GatμaGj nwgnaMPik¡úkemøaHmk kñúgézámYy³ ehIy

bvarNaehIy kñúgeBlnimnþeTARtUvEtla³ dUecñH .

k*:nedIr manmuxeq¬aHeTAkan´erahNCnbT .

TTYlehIy edaytuNØIPaB .

ÉPik¡úkemøaH Kitza

Pik¡úkemøaHenaH

cMENk ó:sk eTApÞHehIyR:b´

²GatμaGj enAkúñgTIenH k*yUrehIy «LÚvenH GatμaGj nwgeTACYb

za

RBHóbCÄay¾ nig dwgBt(man rbs´ó:sikaehIy caMvilmkvij³

rbs´eyIgç eyIgRtUvóbdðakedayeKarB³ dUecñH . ó:sika TTYl

dUecñHehIy k*:necjBIerahNCnbT . elakTaMgBIrrUbenaH:n

za ²saZu³ ehIyk*:ncat´EcgxaTnIy; ePaCnIy; d*RbNIt> .

mkCYbKña enARtg´mat´Tenø. Pikú¡kemøaHenaH :neZVIvtþcMeBaHRBHezr;

cMENkPik¡úkemøaH kñúgevlaqan´P&tþ k*:neTAkan´pÞHénjati . min

Ek|rKl´eQImYyedIm

manGñkNamñak´

RtUvRBHezr; sYrza ²etIelakeTATINa/ ³

²RBHKuNm©as´GaKnþúk;mYyGg<

:ncUlcaMvsSa

caM ‘s<al´’ Pik¡úkemøaHenaH:neLIy .

kñúgGavas

Pikú¡enaH


visuTÆimK< ERb

203

204

kmμdðanK<hNnieTÞs

qan´nUvbiNÐ:t kñúgpÞHenaH caMvsSa rhUt 3 ExehIy k*laza

pøÚvRKb´> eBl .

ó:sikaenaH eXIjRBHezr;nimnþmkEtmYyGg<

²GatμaPaB nwg ‘cMerInBrla’ eTA³ .

ÉgKt´ k*Kitsμanza ²RbEhlCaelakkUn rbs´Gjsøab´:t´eTA

RKaenaH BYkjati rbs´Pik¡úenaH sUmGgVr za ²bBiRtRBHKuN

ehIy :nCaRBHezr;enH nimnþmkEtmYyGg<b¨ueNÑaH³ . ó:sika

m©as´ dl´ézáEsÁk caMnimnþeTAcuH³ luHdl´ézáTI 2 k*:nGg<as

enaH ERskyMxSwkxSÜl bRmHnen[l enAEk|r:TmUl rbs´RBH

Pik¡úenaH kñúgpÞHn@uHÉg cak´eRbgeBjbMBg´ehIy RbeKnnUvs,rGMeBA

ezr; .

mYydMu nig sMBt´sadk 9 htæ TUlza ²bBiRtRBHKuNm©as´ d*

eRBaHPav;CaGñkmanesckþIR:zñatic

cMerIn sUmRBHKuNm©as´ nimnþeTAcuH³ .

dUecñHehIy k*eZVIoó:sikaenaHsb|aycitþ R:b´er]gra¨vTaMgGs´

eRscehIy

Pik¡úenaH eZVIGnuemaTna

:neTAehIy

minEmneTß/³

odwg :nnaMyknUvsMBt´sadkenaH ecjmkGMBIeRsam:Rt mk

k*edIrmanmuxeq¬aHeTAkan´erahNCnbT .

ÉóbCÄay¾ rbs´Pik¡úenaH bvarNaehIymkkan´pøÚvCYbKña :n CYbPik¡úenaH kñúgTIEdlZøab´CYbKña kñúgkalmunn@uHÉg .

RBHezr; nwkKitza ²Pik¡úkemøaH minoGñkNas<al´xøÜneT

bgØajehIy .

ó:sika RCHzøaehIy Ebrmuxeq¬aHeTATis Edl

Pik¡úenaH

elakkUneTA OnedImRTUg Rkabnms,arehIy eBalza ²RBHman

zVaybgM< nUvRBHezr;ehIy k*:neZVIvtþcMeBaHRBHezr; enAEk|rKl´

RBHPaK dUcCaRTg´eZVI nUvPik¡úEdldUcCaelakkUn rbs´Gj oCa

eQImYyedIm . RKaenaH RBHezr; sYrPik¡úenaH za ²Enelakd*man

kaysk¡I ‘CasakSI’ ehIyetIhñ@!

muxlÁ etIelak:nCYbó:sk nig ó:sika rbs´elakehIy

nalkb|dibTaç tuvdþkb|dibTa nig mhaGriyvMsb|dibTa Edl

ßenA/³ . elakTUlza ²bBiRtRBHGg<d*cMerIn x\úMRBHkruNa :nCYb

sMEdgnUvPaBCaGñksenþas kñúgbc©&y 4 nig PaBCaGñkeRtkGr

ehIy³ dUecñH k*:nTUler]gra¨vTaMgGs´oRBHezr;RCabehIy yk

kñúgPavnaç KYrosresIrEmn! Pik¡úrUbenH sUm|Iqan´enAkñúgpÞH rbs´

eRbgenaH labeCIgRBHezr; yks,rGMeBA eZVICaTwk:n; RbeKn

mþaybegI,t Gs´ry;eBl 3 Ex k*minR:b´za; Gatμa CakUnrbs´

sMBt´sadkenaHÉgdl´RBHezr;Pøam zVaybgM<RBHezr;ehIy k*TUl

ejamç

za ²bBiRtRBHGg<d*cMerIn erahNCnbTb¨ueNÑaH CaTIsb|ay dl´

Emn³ dUecñH .

x\úMRBHkruNa³ dUecñH nimnþeTAehIy .

bita k*minCablieBaZeLIyç mincaM:c´eBaleZVIGVI dl´eTARtkUl

ÉRBHezr; k*mkkan´vtþvij

ehIy kñúgézáTI 2 k*:ncUleTAkan´RsukekarnÞkRKam . cMENkó:sika sg¹wmza ²elakbg rbs´GatμaGj nwg naMelakkUn rbs´xøÜnmk kñúgeBl«LÚvenH³ ehIy Qrrg´caMemIl

RTg´sMEdg nUvrzvinItb|dibTaç

ejamCamata rbs´GatμaeLIyç

Ohñ@! mnusS d*Gs©arü

cMeBaHPik¡úEdlmansPaBEbbenH sUm|Imata nig

óbdðakdéT edayRbkardUecñHÉg . ‘laPblieBaZ’ ‘62’ bc©&yTaMgLay 4 eQμaHza laP . sYrza ; bc©&y


visuTÆimK< ERb TaMg 4 enaH CablieBaZ dUcemþceTA/ .

205 eqøIyza; k*kñúgTIkEnøg

206

kmμdðanK<hNnieTÞs

orYceRscehIy caMcUleTAéRB .

ebIsinkargareZVIrYcEtbnþic enA

EdlPik¡úGñkmanbuNüeTAehIy> BYkmnusS EtgRbeKnbc©&yTaMg

sl´kargar y¨ageRcInç

LayEdlmaneRK]gbrivard*eRcIn . Pik¡úenaH rvl´EteZVIGnuemaTna

cUleTArkKNvackdéT kúñgTIxagkñúg énkMNt´ 1 eyaCn¾ ehIy

rvl´EtsMEdgZm(

eBalza

dl´BYkmnusSTaMgenaH

min:nOkasnwgeZVInUv

Pik¡úenaH kMueTAohYsBImYyeyaCn¾ RtUv

²sUmelakd*manGayu

CYyse®g<aHPik¡úTaMgenH

eday

smNZm(eLIy . cab´taMgBIGruNrHeLIg rhUtdl´bfmyam

sg<hviZI manóeTÞsCaedImpg³ .

Pik¡úenaH RcbUkRcbl´EtCamYynwgmnusS minEdl:ndac´eLIy .

enHeT Kb|IeBalza ²mñalGavuesaTaMgLay! kic©karmü¨ag rbs´x\úM

kñúgevlaeT[bPøÅeT[tesat BYkPik¡ú GñkmankiriyaRbRBwtþibiNÐ:Rt

manç GñkTaMgLay cUreTAkan´TIkEnøg tamsb|aycuH³ dUecñH Kb|I

Cavtþ EdlCaGñkcg´:nbc©&yeRcIn k*mkTUlza ²bBiRtRBHKuN

lHbg´KN;ehIy eZVIkargarrbs´xøÜn .

m©as´d*cMerIn ó:skç ó:sikaç Gamatüç buRtrbs´Gamatüç ZIta

‘kmμblieBaZ’

rbs´Gamatü eQμaHenaH> R:zñacg´eXIjelakm©as´³ .

Pik¡úenaH

‘64’

kalebImin:n dUceBalmk

nvkmμ eQμaHza kargar .

Pik¡úGñkeZVI nUvnvkmμenaH

eBalza ²mñalGavuesa cUrGñkCYyyk:Rt nig cIvrpg³ CaGñk

RtUvdwgóbkrN¾ EdlGñkeZVIkar manCageQICaedIm :nehIy ß

er[bcMbMrugnwgeTAEtmþg CaGñkxVl´xVayCanic© . bc©&yTaMgLay

minTan´:nehIyç RtUvxVl´xVay cMeBaHkargar EdlCageZVIrYcehIy

enaH rEmgCablieBaZ dl´Pik¡únu@HÉg .

nig minTan´eZVIrYcehIyç Pik¡úGñkeZVInvkmμ EtgmanblieBaZsBVEbb

Pik¡úenaH RtUvEtlHecal

nUvKN;ehIy Rtac´eTAEtmñak´Ég kñúgTIkEnøgEdlBYkmnusSeKmin

y¨agdUecñHÉg .

s<al´xøÜn .

ebIkargarmansl´tic RtUveZVIorYceRscoehIy .

eZVIy¨agenH eTIbPik¡úenaH kat´blieBaZenaH:n . ‘KNblieBaZ’

‘63’ BYkPik¡úEdler[nRBHsURtkþI BYkPik¡úEdler[nRBHGPiZmμ kþI eQμaHza KN; .

Pik¡úÉNa rvl´oóeTÞsxøH bribucäaxøH dl´

sUm|IblieBaZenaH Pik¡ú Kb|Ikat´ dUcteTAenH .

garenAsl´eRcInç ebICanvkmμ rbs´sg¹ RtUvEtRbKl´oeTA dl´ sg¹ ßk* dl´BYkPik¡úGñkTTYlnUvPar;ç

BYkPik¡úGñkTTYlPar; y¨agdUecñaHeT

rEmgCablieBaZdl´Pik¡úenaH . blieBaZenaH Pik¡úenaHRtUvkat´pþac´

eTIbeTAcuH .

CaeRcInç kargarbnþicbnþÜcmanenAsl´ç Pik¡úenaH RtUveZVIkargarenaH

ebICanvkmμ rbs´pÞal´xøÜn

Kb|IRbKl´o dl´BYkbuK<lGñkTTYlPar; rbs´xøÜn .

KN;enaH rEmgmin:nOkas edIm|InwgeZVIsmNZm(eLIyç KN;

dUcteTAenH . ebIkargar rbs´Pik¡úTaMgenaH Cakargar‘eZVI’ rYcehIy

ebIsinCakar

ebImin:n

Kb|IlHbg´ odl´sg¹ehIy

‘GTÆanblieBaZ’ ‘65’ kareZVIdMeNIr eQμaHza GTÆan; .

k*bBVC¢aebk¡; rbs´


visuTÆimK< ERb

207

208

kmμdðanK<hNnieTÞs

Pik¡úNa mankñúgTINa ßk* bc©&yNamYy EdlPik¡úNa Kb|I:n

nig óeTÞs minTan´dac´ . ebIGac k*KYrTMnukbMrug o:nelIsenaH

kñúgTINa .

EzmeT[t edayBit .

ebIPik¡úenaH min:nnUvbBVC¢aebk¡; nig bc©&yenaHeT

k*minGacGt´RTaM:neLIy . GñkcUleTAkan´éRBehIy

Zmμtacitþ KitnwgeTA sUm|Irbs´Pik¡ú

eZVIsmNZm(

Kb|IbenÞabg´:n edaylM:k .

k*CaZmμCatEdlbuK<l

eRBaHehtuenaH

Pik¡úenaH

cMeBaHmatabita

Kb|ITMnukbMrug

odUcCaRBHóbCÄay¾cuH .

EmnBit ebICamatabitaTaMgenaH CaGñkfitenA kñúgraCsm|tþiç ehIy

Kb|II

Kat´R:zñanUvkarTMnukbMrugGMBIbuRtç Pik¡ú Kb|IeZVIo:n . mYyeT[t

BicarNakic©karenaH o:neRscehIy caMeZVIesckþIxVl´xVay kñúg

matabitaTaMgenaH minmanzñaMrkSaeraKç Pik¡ú Kb|IozñaMEdlCarbs´

smNZm(cuH .

xøÜnç ebIzñaMrbs´xøÜn minmaneTç Pik¡úKb|IeTAEsVgrkmkedayPik¡acar ‘jatiblieBaZ’

ehIyo ‘dl´matabita’ Tal´Et:n .

‘66’ BYkCnEdlRtUvs<al´Kña manCaGaTi¾ y¨agenH KÅ kñúgvtþ Gacarüç

RBHóbCÄay¾ç

óbCÄay¾ç

sTÆiviharikç

Pik¡úGñkrYmGacarüç

kñúgpÞH

bgbÚÁnRbus eQμaHza jati .

Genþvasikç mataç

Pik¡úGñkrYmRBH

bitaç

bgbÚÁnRsIç

buK<lTaMgLay manGacarü Ca

edImenaH ekItmanCmáÅ eTIbCablieBaZ dl´Pik¡úenH .

eRBaHehtu

EtcMeBaHbgbÁÚnRbus-RsITaMgLayvij

Carbs´BYkeKTaMgenaHÉg ehIyo ‘dl´BYkeK’ . rbs´BYkeKTaMgenaH minmaneTç

rbs´ox©Iç eRkaymk ebI:n Kb|ITTYlyk ebImin:neT minRtUv TareLIy .

Pik¡ú minKYreZVIzñaM minKYrozñaMdl´sVamIrbs´bgbÚÁnRsI

EdlminEmnCajatieLIy .

eZVIbuK<lTaMgenaH ‘oCasHes|Iy’ CaRbRktIeLIgvij .

za ²cUrGñko dl´sVamIrbs´GñkcuH³ .

óbCÄay¾ minCasHes|Iyqab´eTç mYyCIvit .

RBHbBVC¢acarüç

Pik¡ú Kb|IEzTaMelak rhUtGs´

RBHóbsm|Tacarüç

sTÆiviharikç

RBHnisSyacarüç

k*Kb|ITMnukbMrug y¨agenaHEdr .

RBHóeTÞsacarüç

nisSyenþvasikç

cMENk

óeTÞsenþ-

vasik nig Pik¡úGñkrYmGacarüpgKña Kb|ITMnukbMrug drabdl´nis&Sy

EtPik¡ú Kb|Io dl´bgbÚÁnRsI R:b´

bÚÁnRbus k*mann&ydUcKñaenHEdr .

sUm|IkñúgPriya rbs´bg

cMENkÉbuRtTaMgLay rbs´

CnTaMgenaH k*Cajati rbs´Pik¡úenH edayBit eRBaHehtuenaH Pik¡ú pSMzñaM odl´buRtTaMgLay rbs´CnTaMgenaH k*KYr . ‘GaBaZblieBaZ’

Genþvasik EdlxøÜn:nóbsm|&T nig :nbMbYso nig Pik¡úGñkrYm RBHóbCÄay¾CamYyKña

ebIzñaMEdlCa

Pik¡ú Kb|IozñaMEdlCarbs´xøÜn Ca

enaH blieBaZenaH Pik¡úenaH Kb|Ikat´pþac´ edaykaróbdðakehIy

bNþabuK<lTaMgenaH dMbUg RBHóbCÄay¾ manGaBaZç ebIRBH

Pik¡ú Kb|IpSMzñaM Edl

‘67’

eraKÉNamYy eQμaHza GaBaZ .

eb[teb[n eTIbeQμaHza CablieBaZ . kat´ edaykareZVIzñaM .

eraKenaH kal

eRBaHehtuenaH

EtsUm|IkalebIPik¡ú

Pikú¡ Kb|I

eZVIzñaMrkSa BIr bI ézáç


visuTÆimK< ERb

209

210

kmμdðanK<hNnieTÞs

Pik¡ú Kb|ItiHed[lnUvGtþPaB za ²x\úMmin

karsVaZüay rhUtdl´eTA 19 qñaM kñúgqñaMTI 20 k*:nseRmcRBH

EmnCax\úMbeRmI minEmnCakUnQñÜl rbs´GñkeLIyç k*x\úM ciJ©wmGñk

Grhtþ ehIyeBalR:b´ dl´BYkPik¡úEdlmk edIm|IsVaZüay za

enHÉg eTIb:nTTYlesckþITuk¡ kñúgsMsarvdþ EdlbuK<lmindwg

²mñalGavuesa

TIbMput³ dUecñHehIy Kb|IeZVIsmNZm( .

20

eraK k*enAEtminCaes|Iyç

‘KnæblieBaZ’ ‘68’

karEzrkSanUvRBHbriytþi

Lay

eQμaHza

Knæ; . karrkSa

RKb´RKgnUvRBHbriytþienaH rEmgCablieBaZ dl´Pik¡úGñkxVl´xVay Cab´Canic© edaykarsVaZüayCaedIm .

qñaM

minCablieBaZ dl´Pik¡ú

kalebIx\úMminRkeLkemIlRBHbriytþi

Etx\úM:neZVIkarsnSM

cUrcab´epþImcuH³

dUecñH

rhUtdl´eTA

kñúgRBHbriytþienaHehIyç

GñkTaMg

elakminEdlmanesckþIeg]gqál´

sgS&ysUm|IkñúgBüJ¢n;mYyeLIy taMgEtGMBIedIm rhUtdl´cb´ . sUm|IRBHnaKetær

EdlenAGaRs&y

kñúgkurunÆiyKirI

lHbg´

nUvRBHbriytþi rhUtdl´eTA 18 qñaMehIy :nsMEdgnUvZatukza kalPik¡úTaMgLayenaH epÞ{gpÞat´CamYynwg

eRkAGMBIenHeLIy . kñúgPav;énKnæ; minCaTIblieBaZ dl´Pik¡úGñk

dl´Pik¡úTaMgLay .

minxVl´xVayenaH maner]gTaMgenH ‘CaóTahrN¾’ .

RBHKamvasiketærTaMgLay sUm|IEtbJØamYyEdlmkehIy xus

maner]gdMNalza eTAkan´sMNak´

RBHeTvetær

rbs´RBHeTvetær

GñksURtKm¬IrmCÄimnikay

EdlGaRs&yenAmlyCnbT

lMdab´ k*minmanesaHeLIy . sUm|Ikñúgmhavihar

RBHezr;

eQμaHcULaP&y

ehIysMuer[nkmμdðan . RBHezr;sYrza ²mñalGavuesa etIGñkdl´

nUvRBHéRtbidk

min:ner[nGdðkzaeLIy

zñak´NaehIy kñúgRBHbriytþi/³ .

s<rsuvNÑePrI

Rbkasza

RBHmCÄimPaNk; eqøIyza

²bBiRtRBHKuNm©as´d*cMerIn! x\úMecHcaMmCÄimnikay sÞat´CMnaj³ .

énbJ©nikay³ dUecñH .

EdlecHcaM

ehIy:nobuK<lvay

²x\úMnwgbkERbnUvRBHéRtbidk

kñúgrgVg´

Pik¡úsg¹ eBalza ²:nsikSaGMBIGacarü

buK<l

Namk RBHcULaPyetær cUrR:b´EtkarsikSaGMBIGacarü rbs´xøÜn

rkSa:nedaylM:kç kalebIbuK<lsVaZüay nUvmUlbNÑask;ç

cuHç BYkeyIgnwgminoeBaleRkABIenHeLIy³ . sUm|IRBHóbCÄay¾

mCÄimbNÑask; nwgmkç

kalebIsVaZüaymCÄimbNÑask;enaH

k*:nsaksYrRBHcULaPyetærenaH

óbribNÑask; k*nwgmkç

kmμdðan rbs´GñknwgmanmkBINa/³ .

Gavuesa etIGñkoeKvays<rRbkasEmnß/³ . RBHcULaPyetær

RBHezr;eBalza

RBHmCÄimPaNk;

²mñalGavuesa

eBalza

ZmμtamCÄimnikayenaH

²bBiRtRBHKuNm©as´d*cMerIn

x\úMRBH

EdlmkóbdðakxøÜn za ²mñal

TUlza ²bBiRtRBHKuNm©as´d*cMerIn EmnehIy³ .

RBHóbCÄay¾

kruNa :nkmμdðan kñúgsMNak´ rbs´RBHKuNm©as´ehIy nwgmin

sYreT[tza ²eRBaHehtuGVI/³ .

RkeLkemIleT[teLIy³

m©as´d*cMerIn x\úMRBHkruNanwgERbRBHbriytþi³ . RBHóbCÄay¾ sYrza

dUecñHehIy

k*er[nnUvkmμdðan

mineZVInUv

RBHezr; TUlza ²bBiRtRBHKuN


visuTÆimK< ERb

211

212

kmμdðanK<hNnieTÞs

²mñalGP&yd*manGayu GacarüTaMgLay eBalnUvbTenHza dUc

:nemIlmk 30 qñaMehIyç

emþc/³ . RBHezr; eqøIytbza ²bBiRtRBHKuNm©as´d*cMerIn eBal

ERb kñúgsMNak´xú\M kñúgeBlézá x\úM nwgsMEdgR:b´dl´Gñk³ .

y¨agdUecñH³ .

cULaPyetærenaH TTYlza ²saZu Penþ³ dUecñHehIy :neZVIy¨ag

²hw>³ .

RBHóbCÄay¾ EkøgeBalbdiesZ edaysMeLgza

RBHcULaPyetærenaH :neqøIytb edaybriyayepSg>

dUecñaHÉg .

eNIØycuH kúñgevlayb´ cUrGñkbk RBH

BYkGñkRsuk obuK<leZVImhamNÐbRtg´mat´TVar én

eT[tza ²bBiRtRBHKuNm©as´d*cMerIn eBaly¨agdUecñH>³ Gs´var;

brievN ehIymksþab´Zm(er[gral´ézá .

bIdg .

RBHezr; k*:neBalbdiesZ edaysMeLgza ²hw>TaMg

EdlRBHcULaPyetærbkERb kñúgeBlyb´ mksMEdg kñúgeBlézá

Gs´³ ehIyeBalza ²EnelakmanGayu pøÚvEdlGñkeBalehIy

júaMgRBHsURtocb´ edaylMdab´ehIy eTIbGg<úyelIkenÞl Ek|r

Cabfmn@uHÉg CaGacriymK< EteRBaHGñk min:ner[npÞal´mat´GMBI

sMNak´énRBHGPyetærehIy eBalza ²mñalGñkd*manGayu cUr

Gacarü

GñkbeRg[nnUvkmμdðandl´x\úM³ .

eTIbminGacedIm|InwgbJ¢ak´za;

GacarüTaMgLay

eBal

RBHezr; ykRBHsURt

RBHcULaPyetær eBalza ²bBiRt

y¨agenHç cUrGñkeTAcuHç cUrGñksþab´ kñúgsMNak´énGacarü rbs´

RBHKuNm©as´d*cMerIn etIRBHKuNm©as´eBalnUvGVIeTA/ ‘ebI’ kmμdðan

RBHcULaPyetær sYrza ²bBiRtRBHKuNm©as´d*cMerIn x\úM

enaH x\úM:nsþab´ehIy kñúgsMNak´RBHKuNm©as´n@uHÉg minEmneT

xøÜncuH³ .

nwgeTAkñúgTINa/³ .

RBHóbCÄay¾ R:b´za ²RBHezr;eQμaHmha-

ß/ç x\úMnwgR:b´kmμdðanGVIeTA EdlRBHKuNm©as´minTan´ecHenaH/³ .

Zmμrk¡it; CaGñkqøat kñúgRBHbriytþiRKb´y¨ag GaRs&yenA kñúgvihar

lMdab´enaH

eQμaH tulaZarbB(t kñúgerahNCnbT xagmat´RcaMg énTenøKg<a

eQμaHza pøÚvmüa¨g rbs´buK<lGñkeTAdl´ehIyn@uHÉg³ .

ÉeNaHç cUrGñkeTAkan´sMNak´ énRBHmhaZmμrk¡it;enaHcuH³ .

mkza kñúgeBlenaH RBHGPyetær CaRBHesatabnñ .

RBHcULaPyetær

TTYlRBmza

²bBiRtRBHKuNm©as´d*cMerIn

RKaenaH

RBHezr; eBalnwgRBHcULaPyetær za ²mñalGavuesa

RBHcULaPyetær

onUvkmμdðan

:ndwg

dl´RBHezr;enaH

RbéBehIy³ zVaybg<MRBHezr;ehIy k*:neTAkan´sMNak´ énRBH

ehIy eTIbmkbkERbZm( kñúgelahR:saT :nsþab´dMNwg za

ezr; RBmCamYyPik¡ú 500 rUb zVaybg<MehIy eTIbGg<úy .

RBH

²RBHezr;briniBVanehIy³ dUecñH luH:n»ehIy k*eBalza ²mñal

ezr; sYrza ²etIGñkmkeRBaHehtuGVI/³ . RBHcULaPyetær eqøIyza

GavuesaTaMgLay cUrGñkTaMgLay naMykcIvrmk³ dUecñH RKgcIvr

²bBiRtRBHKuNm©as´d*cMerIn x\úMmkedIm|Isþab´Zm(³.

ehIyeBalsresIrRBHezr;za ²mñalGavuesaTaMgLay GrhtþmK<

RBHezr; eBal

za ²mñalGP&yd*manGayu Pik¡úTaMgLay mksYrx\úM kñúgTIXnikay

smKYrehIy dl´Gacarürbs´BYkeyIgç

nig mCÄimnikay mYydgmYykal ÉRBHsURt d*ess x\úMminEdl

Gacarürbs´eyIg CamnusSRtg´

mñalGavuesaTaMgLay!

CaGaCanIybuK<l Gacarürbs´


visuTÆimK< ERb eyIgenaH

suxcitþGg<úyelIkenÞl

213

Ek|rsMNak´

énZmμenþvasik

214

kmμdðanK<hNnieTÞs

KÅPik¡úGñkbMeBjkmμdðan Kb|IkMNt´BYkPik¡úenaHCamunehIyswmcMerIn

rbs´xøÜn ehIyeBalza ²cUrGñkR:b´nUvkmμdðan dl´x\úMpg³ dUecñHç

kñúgBYkPik¡úEdlenA

mñalGavuesaTaMgLay GrhtþmK< smKYrehIydl´RBHezr;³ .

EdlenAkñúgsIma manesckþIsux kMubIeb[teb[nKñaeLIy³ bnÞab´BI

Knæ; minCaTIblieBaZ dl´Pik¡úTaMgLayEbbenHÉg .

edayn&yza

cMerIn kñúgBYk«sSrCn kñúgeKacrRKam

‘69’ b\TÆi EdlCarbs´buzuC¢n eQμaHza b\TÆi . Carbs´EdlrkSa:nedaylM:k

²sUmoPik¡úTaMgLay

enaH Kb|IcMerIn kñúgBYkeTvtaEdlenAkñúgsIma tGMBIenaHmk Kb|I

‘«TÆiblieBaZ’

Carbs´buzuC¢nenaH

kñúgsIma

k*b\TÆi Edl dUcCaTark

bnÞab´mk Kb|IcMerIn kñúg

mnusS kñúgeKacrRKamenaH rhUtdl´sBVstVTaMgLay . ‘cMerIn’emtþa kñúgPik¡úsg¹

k*eRBaH

Pik¡úenaH rEmgeZVIoPik¡úTaMgLay Edl

EdlenAedkpáar nig dUcCaRsUvd*x©I rEmgEbkZøay edayehtuman

enArYmCamYyKña ekItmancitþTn´ . kalebIdUecñaH Pik¡úTaMgLayenaH

RtwmEtbnþicbnþÜcb¨ueNÑaH

dl´

CaGñkmankarenArYmCasux dl´Pik¡úenaH .

eRBaH ‘cMerIn’emtþa kñúg

vibsSna minCablieBaZ dl´smaZieT eRBaHb\TÆienaH buK<l:n

BYkeTvta EdlGaRs&yenA kñúgsImaenaH

Pik¡úenaH

smaZiehIy eTIbseRmc .

TaMgLay EdlmancitþKÅemtþaenaH eZVIoeTarTn´ehIy rkSaXMuRKg

.

k*b\TÆienaH

rEmgCablieBaZ

eRBaHehtuenaHÉg «TæiblieBaZ RBH

eyaKavcr GñkR:zñavibsSna Kb|Ikat´pþac´ç blieBaZeRkAGMBIenH

lÁehIy edaykarrkSaEdlRbkbedayZm( .

RBHeyaKavcr GñkR:zñasmz; Kb|Ikat´pþac´

kñúg«sSrCn kñúgeKacrRKam

.

esckþIBisþar kñúgblieBaZkzaenH bNÐit Kb|IRCabCamun . ‘70’ cMENkkñúgBaküza ²cUreTArkRBHeyaKI GñkonUvkmμdðan

EdlCaklüaNmiRt³ dUecñHenH manvinicä&y dUcteTA ; kmμdðan man 2 y¨ag

kmμdðan 1 .

KÅ ;

sBVtækkmμdðan 1

eRBaH ‘cMerIn’emtþa

Pik¡úenaH CaGñkKÅ«sSrCnTaMgLay

Edlmansnþancitþ KÅemtþaenaH eZVIoTn´ehIy EzrkSakarBar y¨ag lÁehIy edaykarEzrkSaEdlRbkbedayZm( . eRBaH‘cMerIn’emtþa kñúgmnusSTaMgLay

‘kmμdðan 2 y¨ag’

CaGñkKÅeTvta

kñúgeKacrRKamenaH

Pik¡úenaH

CaGñkKÅmnusS

TaMgLayenaH EdlmancitþKÅemtþaenaH eZVIoRCHzøaehIy minemIl

:rihariy-

kñúgkmμdðanTaMg 2 y¨agenaH ‘kmμdðanKÅ’ emtþa kñúg

gayehIy rEmgRtac´eTA . TaMgBYg

Pik¡úenaH CaGñkmankiriyaRtac´eTA minRtUveKraMgsÞH kñúgTI

buK<lTaMgLay manBYkPik¡úCaedIm kþI ‘kmμdðanKÅ’ mrNsSti kþI

TaMgBYg .

eQμaHza sBVtækkmμdðan .

²GatμaGj

GacarüBYkxøH eBalza ²GsuPsJ¦a

eQμaHza sBVtækkmμdðan³ dUecñHk*man . EmnBit emtþa

Cabfm

eRBaH ‘cMerIn’emtþa kñúgstVTaMgLay

müa¨geT[t edaymrNsSti Pik¡úenaH kalKit za KÅBitCanwgsøab´³

dUecñH

nwglHbg´nUvGensn;ehIy

CaGñkmanesckþIsegVK rIkcMerInx¬s´eLIg >

CaGñkmankarRbRBwtþi


visuTÆimK< ERb minZUrzy .

215

mYyeT[t kalebIPik¡úenaH mancitþsnSMGb´rM kñúg

GsuPsJ¦aehIy

GarmμN¾TaMgLaysUm|ICaTiBV

k*nwgminRKb

sg,t´nUvcitþ ‘rbs´Pik¡úenaH’ edayGMNacénesckþIelaPln´ . dUc:nBN(namkenHÉg kmμdðan 3 man emtþakmμdðan Ca edIm

eTIbelakehAza

²sBVtækkmμdðan³ eRBaHCakmμdðan Edl

buK<lKb|IRtUvkar KÅKb|IR:zñakñúgPavnanueyaKTaMgBYg eRBaHPav; CakmμdðanEdlmanóbkareRcInpg eRBaHCaTItaMgénkargar KÅkiriya tamRbkber]y> EdleyaKPavna RtUvkarehIypg .

cMENk

kmμdðanÉNa kñúgkmμdðanTaMg 40 smKYr dl´criya rbs´Pik¡úNaç kmμdðanenaH rbs´Pik¡úenaH elakehAza ²:rihariykmμdðan³ eRBaH Cakmμdðan EdlPik¡úenaH RtUvEtrkSa Cab´Canic© nig eRBaHCabTdðan énPavnakmμx¬s´eLIg > rbs´Pik¡úenaHpg . Pik¡úrUbNa onUvkmμdðanTaMg 2 y¨agenH dUc:neBalehIyç Pik¡úrUbenH eQμaHza CaGñkonUvkmμdðanç RBHeyaKavcr Kb|IcUl eTArkPik¡úGñkokmμdðanenaH .

Baküza ²CaklüaNmiRt³ KÅmiRtEdllÁ GñkfitenAehIy RbkbedayRbeyaCn¾suxEtmüa¨g

RbkbRBmehIy edayKuNmanCaGaTi¾ y¨agdUecñH KÅ ;

CaGñkKYrRsLaj´ 1 KYreKarB 1 KYrsresIr 1 CaGñkeBal 1

CaGñkGt´Zn´nUvBakü 1

kmμdðanK<hNnieTÞs

EtgnUvkza‘Zm(’d*RCaleRCA 1 mindwknaM‘buK<l déT’ kñúgTIEdlminKYr 1 . k*eRBaHRBHBuTÆvcn;za ²mñalGannÞ! BitEmn stVTaMgLay CaGñkmanCatiCaZmμta GaRs&ytzaKtEdlCaklüaNmiRtehIy rEmgrYcputGMBICati:n ‘1’ ³ dUecñHCaedIm RBHsmμasm¬úTÆn@uHÉg Ca klüaNmiRt RbkbRBmedayGakar;TaMgBYg .

CaGñk

CaGñk

eRBaHehtuenaH

kalRBHsmμasm¬úTÆRBHGg<enaH RTg´ZrmanenAeLIyç kmμdðanEdl buK<ler[nehIy kñúgsMNak´énRBHmanRBHPaKGg<enaH Etb¨ueNÑaH CakmμdðanEdlbuK<ler[nlÁehIy EtkalebIRBHGg< RTg´briniBVan eTAehIy bNþaRBHmhasav&kTaMg80 RBHmhasav&kGg<Na man CIvitrs´enAç

Pik¡ú nwger[nkmμdðan kñúgsMNak´énRBHmhasav&k

Gg<enaH k*KYrç

sUm|IRBHmhasav&kGg<enaH minmaneTç

R:zñacg´er[nkmμdðanNamYy

k*Kb|Ier[n

xøÜnCaGñk

kñúgsMNak´énRBHxINa

RsB EdlCaGñkjúaMgctuk,Qan nig bJ©kQan oekIt eday GMNackmμdðan

‘klüaNmiRt’

kñúgEpñkénesckþIcMerIn

216

EdlxøÜnRtUvkarenaHÉg

cMerInvibsSna Edlman

QanenaH CabTdðanehIy seRmcnUvkarGs´eTAénGasv; . sYrza ²k*RBHxINaRsB RbkasnUvxøÜnza GatμaGj CaRBH xINaRsBß/ ³ .

eqøIyza ²nwgeBaleZVIGVI eRBaHRBHxINaRsB

dwgnUvPav;énPik¡úenaH eZVIBitehIy eTIbRbkasç dwgza ²kmμdðan KÅPik¡úenH R:rBÆehIy 1- suÇ sMÇ sKÇ

RBHGsSKutþetær

Pik¡úenH CaGñkeZVIBit³ dUecñH

PaKTI 29 TMB&rTI 239 .


visuTÆimK< ERb

217

218

kmμdðanK<hNnieTÞs

ehIy RkalpÞaMgEs|kelIGakas Gg<úyBt´EPñnelIpÞaMgEs|kenaH

eRBaHehtuenaH

ehIy R:b´nUvkmμdðan minEmneTß/³ .

kmμdðan CaklüaNmiRtEbbenaH eZVIvtþbtibtþi dl´Pik¡úenaHehIy

eRBaHehtuenaH ebIRBH

RBHeyaKavcr

Kb|IcUleTArkPik¡ú

EdlCaGñko

eyaKavcr :nnUvRBHxINaRsB k*kar:nenaH CakarlÁehIyç ebI

Kb|Ier[nykkmμdðan .

min:neT Kb|Ikan´yk kñúgsMNak´énRBHGnaKamI RBHskTaKamI

EdlCaklüaNmiRtenaH kñúgvtþCamYyKñan@uHÉg kar:ny¨agenaH

RBHesatabnñ buzuC¢n Gñk:nQan Pik¡úGñkRTRTg´RBHéRtbidk Gñk

CakarlÁehIyç ebImin:neTç

RTRTg´bidkBIr GñkRTRTg´bidkmYy cuHtamlMdab´>mkç sUm|Ikal

kñúgTINa RBHeyaKavcr Kb|IeTA kñúgTIenaHcuH .

ebIPik¡úGñkRTRTg´bidkmYy minmaneTç Pik¡úÉNa CaGñksÞat´CMnaj

minRtUvBak´Es|keCIgedayeCIgEdllagdusCRmHehIy :Mgq&Rt

sUm|InikaymYy RBmTaMgGdðkza nig Pik¡úenaH xøÜnÉg CaGñkman

eRbIoeKkan´yknUveRK]geRbIR:s´ manbMBg´ eRbg nig ePsC¢;

kareG[nxμas Kb|Ikan´yk ‘kmμdðan’ kñúgsMNak´énPik¡úGg<enaH .

manTwkXMμú nig s,rGMeBACaedIm manGenþvasik ecameramehIyedIr

eRBaHza Pik¡úEbbenH CaGñkRTRTg´nUvEbbbT CaGñktamrkSanUvvgS

eTAç EtKb|IbMeBjKmikvtþ ehIykan´yk:Rt nig cIvrrbs´xøÜn

RtkUl CaGñkEzrkSaRbéBNI CaGacarü CaGñkeC]tammti rbs´

edayxøÜnÉgEtmþg cUleTAkan´vtþNa> kñúgcenøaHpøÚv eZVIvtþRbtibtþi

Gacarü CaGñkminyktamGtþenam&ti .

kñúgTITaMgBYg

eRBaHehtuenaHÉg eTIbRBH

e:raNketærTaMgLay :neBalehIy 3 dg za ²Pik¡úlC¢I

nwg

rkSaç Pik¡úlC¢I nwgrkSaç Pik¡úlC¢I nwgrkSa³ dUecñH . k*kñúgkarokmμdðanenH Pik¡úmanRBHxINaRsBCaedIm Edl:n

ebIRBHeyaKavcr :nPik¡úGñkonUvkmμdðan

Pik¡ú GñkokmμdðanenaH GaRs&yenA

CaGñkmanbrik¡ard*Rsal

k*kalebInwgeTA

mankarRbRBwtþidusCRmH

y¨agéRkElgRtac´eTA . kalcUleTAdl´vtþenaH Kb|IjúaMgbuK<l oeZVIeQICRmHeZμj Cakb|iy; kñúgcenøaHpøÚvn@uHÉgehIy kan´cUl eTA .

mYyeT[t minKYrcUleTAkan´brievNepSgeT[t edayKit

eBalmkehIy BÆd*xagedIm rEmgR:b´:nEtpøÚvEdlxøÜn:nsMerc

za ²Gj nwgsRmak eZVInUvsrIrkic© manlag nig labeCIgCaedIm

ehIyb¨ueNÑaHÉg .

bnþicsinehIy caMcUleTArksMNak´Gacarü³ .

cMENkÉ Pik¡úCaBhusSÚt eRBaHPav;énxøÜnCa

sYrza ²eRBaH

GñkcUleTArkGacarüenaH>ehIy júaMgóK<h;‘karer[n’ nig bribucäa

ehtuGVI/³ .

eqøIyza ²eRBaHzaPik¡úTaMgLayEdlCavisPaK rbs´

‘karsaksYr’ oRCHRsLHehIy kMNt´nUvRBHsURt nig ehtu

GacarüenaH Kb|Iman kñúgbrievNenaHç Pik¡úTaMgenaH sYrehtuénkar

karN¾ GMBITIenHxøH TIenaHxøH RbkboeTACaTIsb|ay ß minCa

mkehIy Kb|IRbkasnUveTasrbs´GacarüehIy eBalza ²vinas

TIsb|ay sMEdgpøÚvd*ZMTUlay ehIyR:b´nUvkmμdðan eRb[bdUcCa

ehIyelakeGIy!

mhahtæI EdledIrcUleTA kñúgTIéRBEdls)ubRTub y¨agenaHÉg .

Kb|IjúaMgesckþIekþARkhay oekIteLIgç

ebIelakmkkan´sMNak´GacarüenaH³ Pik¡úenaH

ehIy

Kb|Ivilvij


visuTÆimK< ERb cakTIenaH eRBaHehtuNaç

219

eRBaHehtuenaH

Pik¡ú Kb|IsYrTIlMenA

kmμdðanK<hNnieTÞs

ehIy tmk RtUvlabeCIgehIy eBalza ²bBiRtRBHKuNm©as´ d* cMerIn x\úMnwgTukdak´nUvbMBg´eRbgenH³ ebIGacarüTTYl Kb|IRbeKn .

rbs´GacarüehIy swmeTARtg´ kñúgTIenaHEtmþg . ebIGacarüekμgCag minKYreRtkGrnwgsamIcikmμ mankarTTYl yk:Rt nig cIvrCaedImeLIy .

220

ebIGacarücas´Cagç eTAdl´

Pik¡úminRtUv‘Rbjab´’ eBaly¨agenHza ²bBiRtRBHKuNm©as´d*cMerIn sUmRBHKuNm©as´ emtþaR:b´kmμdðandl´x\úM³ cab´taMgBIézáEdlmk

ehIy Kb|IzVaybgM<GacarüehIyQr . ebIGacarüeBalza ²mñal

dl´ .

elakd*manGayu cUrelakdak´:RtnigcIvrcuH³ ehIyKb|Idak´cuH .

Kb|IsUmóbdðakenaH ehIyeZVIvtþ .

ebIsUmehIy óbdðakenaHmin

ebIGacarüeBalza ²nimnþqan´Twk³ dUecñHehIy

oeT ebI:nOkasPøam Kb|IeZVI .

k*kalnwgeZVI Kb|IRbeKneQI

ebIR:zña RtUvqan´ .

GacarüeBalza ²cUrlageCIg³ minRtUvlageCIgCamuneT .

eRBaH

Etcab´BIézáTI 2 eTA ebIóbdðakCaRbcaM rbs´Gacarüman

CRmHeZμj 3 y¨ag KÅ xñattUcç

xñatkNþal nig xñatZM .

Twk

za ebIGacarü RtUveTAdgTwkmk k*CakarminsmKYreLIy . EtebI

sMrab´lagmux nig TwksMrab´gUt Kb|IeRt[mTukTaMg 2 y¨ag KÅ;

GacarüR:b´za ²mñalGavuesa cUrlagcuH TwkenaH x\úMmn i :ndgmk

TwkRtCak´ TwkekþA .

eT KÅBYkPik¡údéTeTEdldgmk³ ehIy Kb|IeTAGg<úy kñúgTIEdl

rhUt 3 ézá bnÞab´BIenaH Kb|IRbeKneQICRmHeZμj nig TwkdUecñaH

Gacarü emIlmineXIj

Ég Cab´Canic© .

eTaHbICaTITMenr EdlmaneRK]gbiT:Mg ß

TIvaldUecñaH ßk* TIEk|r> énvihark*:n ehIylageCIgcuH . GacarünaMykbMBg´eRbgmk edayeKarB .

Kb|IeRkakeLIg

ebI

ykédTaMgBIrTTYl

eRBaHebIPik¡ú minTTYlbMBg´eRbgenaHeT Gacarünwg

GacarüeRbInUveQICRmHeZμj nig TwkNamYy

kalebIGacarüminerIs eRbINamYyk*:n Kb|I

RbeKntamEt:nmk .

nwgeBaleRcIneZVIGVI .

vtþd*RbéB KÅRBH

manRBHPaKRTg´bJ¦tþehIy kñúgmhaxnÆk; za ²mñalPik¡úTaMgLay Genþvasik Kb|IeZVIvtþd*RbéB cMeBaHGacarüç

enH CakareZVIvtþRbéB

ekItmancitþKitepSgza ²Pik¡úenH júaMgkiriyaKb´rkokMerIk cab´taMg

kúñger]genaH KÅ Genþvasik Kb|IeRkakeLIg GMBIRBlwmEtmþg edaH

BIeBlenH BitEmn³ .

EtluHTTYlykehIy minRtUvlabeCIg

Es|keCIgecj RKgcIBreq[gsμam¡agehIy RbeKneQICRmHeZμj

eRBaHza eRbgenaH CaeRbgsMrab´labxøÜn rbs´

RbeKnTwklagmux RkalGasn;o ebIyaKUman Kb|IlagPaCn;

munPøam> eT .

Gacarü nwgeTACakarEdlminsmKYr .

ehtuenaH Pik¡ú Kb|Ilab

k|almunehIy caMlabnUvGvyv; man-k CaedIm .

EtebIGacarü

eBalza ²mñalGavuesa! eRbgenH CaeRbgsRmab´ eRbIR:s´:n RKb´y¨ag

cUrGñklabeCIg

k*:n³ dUecñH

RtUvdak´elIk|albnþic

ehIyRbeKnyaKU³ dUecñHCaedIm enaHÉNaç

Kb|IeZVIsmμavtþTaMg

Gs´enaHcuH . sisS júaMgGacarüoeRtkGr edayvtþsm|tþi y¨agenHç kñúg evlaláac GacarüoeTAvij edayR:b´ za ²cUrGñk eTAcuH³

zVay


visuTÆimK< ERb

221

222

kmμdðanK<hNnieTÞs

bg<MehIyswmeTA . GacarüenaH sYrza ²etIGñkmk edIm|IGVI/³ kñúg

manraK;CaedIm :ndl´criya 4 déTeT[t énvtæú 3 xagcug man

eBlNaç

sTÆaCaedIm :ndl´ criya 4 déTeT[t k*dUcKña .

kñúgeBlenaH RtUvR:b´ehtukarN¾Edlmk .

ebIsin

EtebI

GacarüenaH minsYreT EtGacarü eRtkGrnwgvtþRbtibtþiç kalebI

eBalRbePT y¨agdUecñH criya rEmgmaneRcInCaGenk eRBaHeZVI

knøg 10 ézá ß mYybkS eTAehIy kñúgézámYy sUm|IGacarü:n

karbUkrYm edayvtæú 3 xagedIm manraK;CaedIm cUlCamYyKña

GnuJ¦atþehIy k*minKYreTA oelakeZVIOkasehIy caMR:b´ehtu

nwgvtæú 3 xagcug mansTÆaCaedImç

énkarmk . ßk* eTAxusevla RtUvGacarü sYrza ²etIGñkmk edIm|I

criyaEt 6 b¨ueNÑaH edayseg¡b .

GVI/³ Kb|IR:b´ . ebIGacarüenaH R:b´za ²cUrGñkmkGMBIRBwkbnþic³ RtUvEtmkGMBIRBlwmEtmþg . EtebIkñúgeBlenaH eBaHrbs´Pik¡úenaH RtUveraKezøImeb[teb[nkþI Gaharminrlay eRBaHZatuePøIgticeBkkþI eraK ÉNamYydéTeT[t eb[teb[nkþIç Kb|IR:b´nUveraKenaH tam sPaBBit R:b´nUvevlaEdlCaTIsb|ay rbs´xøÜnehIy RtUvcUl eTArk kñúgeBlenaH .

eRBaHza enAkñúgevlaEdlminsb|ay

sUm|IEtGacarü R:b´kmμdðano k*minGaceZVITuk kñúgcitþ:nEdr . enH CaesckþIBisþar

kñúgBaküza ²cUleTArkGacarü Gñkokmμdðan

EdlCaklüaNmiRt³ enaH .

²kmμdðan EdlsmKYrdl´criyarbs´xøÜn³ dUcteTAenH .

criyaç emahcriyaç sTÆacriyaç BuTÆicriyaç vitk,criya .

eTasbu¨Enþ

GacarüBYkxøH R:zñaykcriya 14 RBmTaMgcriya 8 enH KÅ ; edaykarRcbUkRcbl´Kña

mYy . edayGMNcéncriyaTaMg 6 enaH buK<lk*man 6 dUcKña Edr

KÅ;

buK<lEdlCaraKcritç

nig edaykarrYbrYmKña énvtæú 3 xagedIm

buK<lEdlCaeTascritç

buK<l

EdlCaemahcrtiç buK<lEdlCasTÆacritç buK<lEdlCaBuTÆicritç buK<lEdlCavitk,crit .

eRBaHehtuEdlkñúgbuK<lTaMg 6 BYkenaH

buK<lEdlCaraKcrit kñúgeBlRbRBwtþkusl rEmgmansTÆad*xøaMg køa

eRBaHsTÆa manKuNEdlenACitEk|rnwgraK; .

EmnBit

kñúg

EpñkxagGkusl raK; maneTasd*CitsñiTÆ minmanesAhμg y¨ag kñúgEpñkkusl sTÆa k*CaKuNEdlRss´RbimRbiy min

esAhμg y¨agenaHEdr .

‘71’ «LÚvenH bNÐit Kb|IRCabesckþIBisþar kñúgBaküza

Baküza ²criya³ :ndl´ criya 6 KÅ ; raKcriyaç

Baküza ²criya bkti ósSnñta³ edayGtæ mann&y Et

Namijç

‘criya nig crit 6’

eRBaHehtuenaH Kb|IRCab

raK; EsVgrknUvvtæúkam y¨agNaç sTÆa

k*EsVgrkKuNmansIlCaedIm y¨agenaHEdr .

raK; rEmgminlH

bg´ecalnUvrbs´EdlminEmnCaRbeyaCn¾

y¨agNamijç

sTÆa

k*minlHbg´ecalnUvrbs´EdlCaRbeyaCn¾

y¨agenaHEdrç

eRBaH

ehtuenaH

buK<lEdlCasTÆacrit

eTIbmancMENkesμIKñanwgbuK<l

EdlCaraKcrit . cMENkbuK<lEdlCaeTascrit kñúgeBlRbRBwtþkusl rEmg


visuTÆimK< ERb

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224

kmμdðanK<hNnieTÞs

manbJ¦ad*xøaMgkøa eRBaHbJ¦amanKuNenACitnwgeTas; . EmnBit

KW raK;n@uHÉgç

kñúgEpñkGkusl eTas; CaeTasEdlminmanesckþIRsLaj´ min

ehtuenaH tNØa nig manHTaMg 2 enaH k*minrYcputGMBIraKcriya .

Cab´CMBak´nUvGarmμN¾ y¨agNamijç

cMENkÉ Tidðicriya rEmgeTAtamemahcriyan@uHÉg eRBaHTidði man

kñúgEpñkkusl bJ¦a k*Ca

KuuNEdlminmanesñha minCab´CMBak´nUvGarmμN¾ y¨agenaHEdr .

cMENkmanH k*sm|yutþ edayraK;enaH

eRBaH

emah;CaedImehtu .

mYyeT[t eTas; rEmgEsVkrkEteTasEdlminBit y¨agNamijç

‘72’ sYrza ²k*criyaTaMgenHenaH manGVICaedImehtu/ nig

bJ¦a rEmgEsVgrkEteTasEdlBitb¨ueNÑaH y¨agenaHEdr. eTas;

Kb|Idwg:n dUcemþcza; buK<lenH CaGñkmanraKcritç buK<lenHCa

rEmgRbRBwtþeTA

y¨agNaç

GñkmancritNamYy kñúgcritTaMgLay maneTascrit CaedIm /

bJ¦a rEmgRbRBwtþeTA edayGakarmineGIeBIcMeBaHsg¡ar y¨agenaH

nig GVIEdlCaTIsb|aydl´buK<lEdlmancritEbbNa/³ dUecñH .

Edrç

edayGakarEdlmineGIeBIcMeBaHstV

‘edImehtuéncriya’

eRBaHehtuenaH buK<lEdlCaBuTÆicrit eTIbmancMENkesμIKña

bNþacriyaTaMg 6 enaH

nwgbuK<lEdlCaeTascrit . ÉbuK<lEdlCaemahcrit

kalBüayameZVInUvkuslZm(Edl

GacarüBYkxøH

eBalza

nwgeqøIycriya 3 xagedIm Camun

²criyaTaMgLay 3 xagedImenaH man

minTan´ekIt oekIteLIgç vitk,;TaMgLay EdleZVIesckþIGnþray

GaciNÑkmμ kñúgPBmun CaedImehtu 1 manZatu nig eTas CaedIm

rEmgekIteLIg

ehtu 1³ dUecñH .

emah; .

edayeRcIn

eRBaHvitk,; manlk¡N;enACitKñanwg

EmnBit emah; mintaMgenAs)b´ehIy eRBaHvegVgvgVan´

Pan´PaMgehIy y¨agNaç

vitk,; k*minQb´enAesá{m:n eRBaH

rvl´EtKitRtiHriH eRcInRbkarepSg> k*y¨agenaHEdr .

mYyeT[t

:n»mkza buK<lGñkeRcInedaybeyaK EdlCaTIR:zña nig kmμEdllÁmkGMBIkalmunkþI mnusSEdlcüútmkBIfansYK( ehIy mkekIt

kñúgmnusSelakenHkþI

CabuK<lEdlmanraKcritç

buK<l

eRBaHPav;éncitþmintaMgenArwgmaMlÁ

GñkeRcInedaykmμ EdlCaeB[revra KÅkab´eKç vayeKç smøab´eK

y¨agNaç vitk,; CaZmμCatkeRmIkjab´j&r eRBaHmankarKitqab´

nig cab´cgeKkñúgkalmunkþI buK<lEdlcüútmkBInrk nig kMeNIt

rh&s y¨agenaHEdrç

Bs´ ehIymkekIt kñúgmnusSelakenHkþI CabuK<lEdlmaneTas-

emah;

CaeTasEdljab´j&r

eRBaHehtuenaH buK<lEdlCavitk,crit eTIb

mancMENkesμIKña nwgbuK<lEdlCaemahcrit . GacarüBYkxøH :neBalza ²criya man 3 y¨ag epSgeT[t edayGMNacéntNØaç manH nig Tidði³ .

bNþabI y¨agenaH tNØa

crit . buK<lEdleRcInedaykarpwkTwkRsvwg nig CaGñklHbg´ ecalnUvkarsþab´ nig karsaksYr kñúgkalmunkþI buK<lEdlcüút GMBIkMeNIt énstVtircäan

ehIymkekIt enAkñúgmnusSelakenHkþI


visuTÆimK< ERb

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226

kmμdðanK<hNnieTÞs

CabuK<lEdlmanemahcritç eRBaHehtuenHÉg eTIbelak eBalza

sUm|IEtedImehtu

²criyaTaMg3 manGaciNÑkmμ kñúgPBmun CaedImehtu³ dUecñHÉg .

Gs´enaHÉg CaBaküEdlelakmin:nkMNt´ehIy .

müa¨geT[t

buK<lEdlCaemahcrit

bfvIZatu 1 Gae:Zatu 1 duHdaleLIgç

cMENkÉesckþIenH

eRBaHZatu 2 y¨ag KÅ buK<lEdlCaeTascrit

eRBaHZatuTaMg 2 eRkAGMBIenHduHdaleLIg . buK<l EdlCaraKcrit

éncriyamYyeLIy

eRBaHehtuenaH

CaesckþIvinicä&y

BaküTaMg

eTAtammti

énRBH

GdðkzacarüTaMgLay kñúgbJØaenH za ²criyaTaMgLay manGVICa edImehtu/³ dUecñH .

kñúgeTasTaMgLay buK<l

BitdUecñaH kñúgósSTkitþn; elak:neBalBaküenHmkehIy

EdleRcInedayesøsμ¾ CaGñkmanraKcritç buK<l EdleRcIneday

za ²stVTaMgLayenH edayniyam ‘kMNt´’ énehtu kñúgkalmun

xül´ CaGñkmanemahcritç ßk* buK<l EdleRcInedayesøsμ¾ Ca

CaGñkRkas´edayelaP;k*man CaGñkRkas´edayeTas; k*man Ca

Gñkmanemahcritç buK<lEdleRcInedayxül´ CaGñkmanraKcrit

GñkRkas´edayemah; k*man CaGñkeRcInedayGelaP; k*man Ca

y¨agdUecñH 1ç

GñkeRcInedayGeTas;

eRBaHZatuTaMgBYgesμIKña y¨agdUecñH 1ç

dUc:neBalmkenHÉg eTIbelak eBalza ²crit

TaMg 3 xagedIm manZatu nig eTas CaedImehtu³ dUecñH .

k*man

CaGñkeRcInedayGemah;

k*manç

EmnBit kñúgxN;EdlBüayameZVIkmμ buK<lNa manelaP;d*xøaMg

eRBaHehtuza bNþabuK<lTaMgenaH sUm|IbuK<lTaMgLay Gñk

køa manGelaP;Tn´exSay manGeTas; nig Gemah;xøaMgkøa man

eRcInedaybeyaK EdlCaTIR:zña nig kmμEdllÁ ‘manmk’ kñúg

eTas; nig emah;Tn´exSay GelaP;d*Tn´exSay rbs´buK<lenaH

kalmunkþI sUm|ImnusSEdlcüútmkGMBIfansYK( ehIymkekIt kñúg

minGacedIm|IRKbsg,t´ nUvelaP;:neT EtGeTas; nig Gemah;

mnusSelakenHkþI minEmnsuTÆEtCabuK<lraKcritTaMgGs´n@uHeT ßk*

xøaMgkøa GacRKbsg,t´ nUveTas; nig emah;:n eRBaHehtuenaH

buK<lTaMgLayeRkABIenH k*minEmnCaGñkmaneTascrit nig emah

buK<lenaH

critRKb´> KñaEdr .

k*ZmμtakarkMNt´criya edaykarduHeLIg én

ekItmkehIy

edayGMNacénbdisnÆi

EdlkmμenaH

pþl´oehIy CabuK<lelμaP ‘Et’ CabuK<lEdlmancitþRtCak´ min

ZatuTaMgLay tamn&yEdl:neBalmkehIyenaH minmaneT nig

eRkaZxwg manbJ¦a manjaNdUcCaeBRC .

kñúgkarkMNt´criya edayeTas KÅelak:neBalehIy Et 2

kñúgxN;BüayameZVIkmμ manelaP; nig eTas; d*mankmøaMg man

y¨ag KÅ raKcrit nig emahcritb¨ueNÑaHç sUm|IBaküEdl:neBal

GelaP; nig GeTas; d*Tn´exSay EtmanGemah;xøaMgkøa man

mkenaH BaküxagedIm nig Baküxagcug CaBaküxusKña EmnBitç

emah; Tn´exSayç buK<lenaH edayn&ymunn@uHÉg CabuK<lelμaP

cMENk kñúgcriyaTaMgLay

pg

mansTÆaCaedIm elakmin:neBal

cMENkbuK<lNa

CabuK<leRkaZxwgpg EtCabuK<lqøat manjaN dUcCaeBRC


visuTÆimK< ERb eRb[bdUcCaRBHTtþaPyetær

227

y¨agenaHÉgç

buK<lNa

kñúgxN;

BüayameZVIkmμ manelaP; nig emah;d*mankmøaMg eRkAGMBIenH Tn´

228

kmμdðanK<hNnieTÞs

mhasg¹rk¡itetær y¨agenaHÉg . k*kñúgósSTkitþn;enH Kb|IRCabvinicä&y dUcteTA;

buK<lNa

exSayç buK<lenaH edayn&ymunn@uHÉg CabuK<lelμaPpg CabuK<l

elakehAza CaGñkelμaPç buK<lenH CaGñkmanraKcrit . cMENk

lág´exøApg EtCabuK<lmancitþRtCak´ mineRkaZxwgç mann&ydUcKña

buK<lEdlehAza CaGñkeRkveRkaZ nig CaGñklág´exøA :ndl´

enaHEdr buK<lNa kñúgxN;BüayameZVIkmμ manelaP;ç eTas;

buK<lGñkmaneTascrit

nig emah;TaMg 3 y¨ag mankmøaMgxøaMg manGelaP;CaedIm Tn´

elakehAza GñkmanbJ¦a :ndl´buK<lEdlmanBuTÆicrit. buK<l

exSayç buK<lenaH edayn&ymunn@uHÉg CabuK<lelμaPpg CabuK<l

EdlehAza CaGñkminelaP nig mineRkveRkaZ :ndl´ buK<l

eRkveRkaZpg

EdlCasTÆacrit eRBaHbuK<lEdlminelaPln´ nig mineRkveRkaZ

CabuK<lvegVgpgç

b¨uEnþbuK<lÉNa

kñúgxN;

BüayameZVIkmμ manGelaP;ç eTas; nig emah; mankmøaMgxøaMgkøa

nig

GñkEdlmanemahcrit

.

Edl

enaH CaGñkmanesckþIRCHzøa CaRbRktI .

buK<lenaH edayn&ymunn@uHÉg CaGñkmin

mYyeT[t Kb|IRCabza ²bdisnÆiCnkkmμ EdlmanbuBVehtu

elμaP nig mankielstictYc sUm|IeXIjGarmμN¾EdlCaTiBV k*

TaMgLay manelaP;CaedImÉNamYy CaeRK]gecameram dl´Kña

minjab´j&r EtCabuK<leRkveRkaZ nig manbJ¦alág´exøAç buK<l

nwgKña CaedImehtuéncriyaTaMgLay edayn&yy¨agenHza ²buK<l

Na kñúgxN;BüayameZVIkmμ manGelaP;ç GeTas; nig emah;

EdlekItmkehIy eRBaHkmμEdlmanGemah; CaeRK]gbrivar Ca

mankmøaMgxøaMg eRkAGMBIenHTn´exSayç buK<lenaH edayn&ymunn@uH

buK<lEdlmanBuTÆicrit

Ég CaGñkminelaPln´pg mancitþRtCak´pg EtCabuK<llág´exøAç

EdlmansTÆad*xøaMgkøaCaeRK]gbrivar CaGñkmansTÆacrit .

edayn&ydUcKñaenaHEdr buK<lNa kñúgxN;BüayameZVIkmμ man

EdlekItmkehIy

GelaP;ç eTas; nig Gemah; mankmøaMgxøaMgkøa eRkAGMBIenH Tn´

brivar KÅCaGñkmanvitk,crit .

exSayç

EdlmanelaP;CaedIm layLMKña CaeRK]gbrivar KÅCabuK<lEdl

eRkAGMBIenHTn´exSayç

buK<lenaH

manbJ¦apg

edayn&ymunn@uHÉg

EtCabuK<leqvqav

CaGñkminelaPln´pg

manesckþIeRkaZç

ÉbuK<lNa

CaGñkminelμaPpg

mineRkveRkaZpg

manbJ¦apg

dUcCaRBH

buK<lEdlekItmk

eRBaHkmμEdlmankamvitk,;CaedIm

eRBaHkmμ buK<l

CaeRK]g

buK<lEdlekItmkehIy eRBaHkmμ

mancritlayLMKña³ edayRbkardUecñHÉg . ‘lk¡N;éncrit’

kñúgxN;BüayameZVIkmμ manGelaP;CaedIm TaMg 3 y¨ag man kmøaMgxøaMgkøa EpñkGkuslmanelaP;CaedIm Tn´exSayç buK<lenaH

y¨agNaç

‘73’

cMENkBaküNa EdlelakeBalehIyza ²nig Kb|I

RCab:n y¨agdUcemþc za ; buK<lenH CaGñkmanraKcrit³ dUecñHCa


visuTÆimK< ERb

229

edImç Kb|IRCabn&y kñúgBaküenaH dUcteTAenH ;

bNÐit Kb|IsMEdgcriyaTaMgLay eday«riyabz edaykarbriePaK

edayGakar;mankar

emIlCaedIm nig edaykarRbRBwtþieTAénZm(n@uHÉg .

bu K < l EdlCaemahcri t

CadaneCI g Zá n ´ e TAxag

eRkayç EtdaneCIgdUecñHenH CadaneCIgrbs´buK<l EdlmandMbUl eBalKWkielsebIkehIy . sUm|IkarQr

‘lk¡N;eday«riyabz’ kñúgBaküza

kmμdðanK<hNnieTÞs

crit CadaneCIgZán´eRCAeTAxagmuxç daneCIg rbs´

‘matikaénlk¡N;’

edaykic©

230

rbs´buK<lEdlCaraKcrit

manGakarnwmnYn

suPaBer[bryKYrCaTIRCHzøaç karQr rbs´buK<lEdlCaeTascrit

²eday«riyabz³ Kb|IRCabn&y dUcteTAenH ;

manGakarRTg´rwgç

karQr

rbs´buK<lEdlCaemahcrit

man

k*buK<lEdlCaGñkraKcrit kaleZVIdMeNIreTA edaydMeNIrCa

GakarRTg´vwkvrx¢Ix¢a . sUm|IkñúgkiriyaGg<úy k*mann&ydUcenHEdr .

RbRktI rEmgeZVIdMeNIreTA edayGakarEdlKYrCaTIRsLaj´ dak´

ÉbuK<lEdlCaraKcrit minRbjibRbjab´ rNUgrNag er[b

eCIgragzñm> dak´eCIgRTg´esμI> elIkeCIgk*RTg´esμI> .

ÉépÞ:T

eCIg rbs´buK<lenaH ptxUgRtg´kNþal .

tUcZMomUlKñaehIy eTIbRbHxøÜnedk edayGakarEdlKYroRCHzøaç

buK<lEdlCaeTascrit edIreTAdUcCakkaydI edaycugRmam dak´eCIgRTg´rh&s elIkeCIgk*RTg´rh&s .

daneCIg rbs´buK<l

enaH CadaneCIgZán´eRCAeTAxagmux .

elIkeCIg k*RTg´dUcCaP&yEdr .

mYyeT[t kalRtUveKdas´oeRkak k*mineRkaky¨agRbjibRbjab´ o ‘niyay’ BakütbvijRTg´RsTn´ dUcCabuK<lEdlmanesckþI reg,{ssgS&yehIy .

buK<lEdlCaemahcrit edIrdMeNIrRTg´reLmrLam dak´eCIg dUcCaRTg´P&y

cMtak´EtgTIdMeNkRsYlbYlehIysnSwm>edk RbmUlnUvGvyv;

daneCIg rbs´

buK<lenaH CadaneCIgZán´xageRkay . EmnBit kñúger]génmaKNÐiysURt nagRBahμNI k*:neBal BaküCaKazaB&nÆenH za ;

buK<l EdlCaeTascrit

er[bcMTIdMeNktUgtag

RBUsRbH

tamEt:n RbHxøÜnedkxøaMg edkcgcieJ©Im eZVImuxRkjÚvç mYyeT[t kalRtUveKdas´oeRkak

k*eRkaky¨agRbjab´

oBaküeqøIytb

RTg´dUcCaeRkaZxwg . buK<lemahcrit er[bcMdMeNkmansNðanminlÁ RbHxøÜnedk

k*daneCIg rbs´buK<lEdlCaraKcrit CadaneCIg

eRcInRceggRcgag eRcInedkp,ab´muxç mYyeT[t kalRtUveKdas´

ptRtg´kNþalç daneCIg rbs´buK<lEdlCaeTas

oeRkak eRcIneZVIsMeLgzáÚrh)uH> eRkakeLIgyWt .


visuTÆimK< ERb

231

k*eRBaHbuK<l 3 xagcug manbuK<lEdlCasTÆacrit CaedIm CabuK<lEdlmancMENkesμIKñanwgbuK<l EdlCaraKcritCaedIm

3

xagedIm

manbuK<l

eRBaHehtuenaH «riyabz sUm|IénbuK<l 3

232

kmμdðanK<hNnieTÞs

kargareRcInminm¨t´ct´ sμúKsμajminer[bry nig minecHcb´ .

sUm|IkarRKgcIBr rbs´buK<lEdlCaraKcrit k*mintwgeBk minZUr eBk CabrimNÐlKYrCaTIRCHzøa .

karRKgcIvr rbs´buK<lEdlCa

xagcug manbuK<lEdlCasTÆacritCaedImenaH k*mann&ydUcKñaenH

eTascrit ragtwgeBk nig minCabrimNÐl .

Edr .

buK<lEdlCaemahcrit ragZUr ryIkryakx¢Ix¢a .

bNÐit Kb|IsMEdgcriyaTaMgLay eday«riyabz Camun

‘lk¡N;edaykic©’ k*kñúgkic©

TaMgLay mankare:ssMGatCaedIm buK<lEdlCaraKcrit cab´

CaedImenaHÉg

eRBaHCaGñkRbhak´RbEhlKñanwgbuK<lTaMgenaH

‘lk¡N;edaykarbriePaK’ kñúgBaküza

e:s:nsÁatesμIlÁ dUcCaRkalreb[bénp,aeQIePøIg . RTg´RbjibRbjab´

²edaykarbriePaK³

buK<lEdlCaraKcrit

eBjcitþ’ nig bEgÁm .

sÁatlÁ EtminesμI .

brimNÐl cab´GMe:sragZUrxSúy

RKvaseTA

dUcteTAenH

;

‘CaTI

k*kalnwgbriePaK eZVIBMnUt:y oCa

minoZMhYseBk

RbjibRbjab´

mann&y

eRcIneBjcitþbriePaKnUvePaCnsñiTÆ

eZVIdIxSac´oBUneLIgTaMgsgxag mansMeLge:sxøaMg e:s:n

buK<lEdlCaemahcrit

.

bNÐit Kb|IsMEdgcriyaTaMgLay edaykic© y¨agdUecñHÉg .

GMe:sehIy minRbjibRbjab´ minBRgayxSac´ oxÞatx©at´x©ay

cab´GMe:sragmaMTaM

sUm|IbuK<lTaMg

tamTMngénbuK<lTaMgLay 3 xagedIm manbuK<lEdlCaraKcrit

kñúgBaküza ²edaykic©³ dUcteTA ;

buK<leTascrit

karRKgcIBr rbs´

Lay 3 xagcug manbuK<lEdlCasTÆacritCaedIm k*Kb|IRCab

tamn&yEdl:neBalmkenHÉg .

Kb|IRCabn&y

k*

CaGñks<al´rsCat

briePaKmin

:nvtæúGVIbnþicbnþÜcEdllÁ k*qab´eRtkGr .

buK<leTascrit eRcIneBjcitþbriePaKnUvePaCnEdlesAhμg

RKvasmk e:smin:nsÁat min:nrabesμI . k*kñúgkare:ssMGat man«riyabz y¨agNamijç kñúgkic©

nig m¢Úr .

k*kalnwgbriePaK eZVIBMnUt:yoTUjz¬al´ CaGñkmin

TaMgBYgTaMgLay sUm|Imankare:k nig karRClk´cIBrCaedIm k*

s<al´nUvrsCat briePaKRbjibRbjab´ :nvtæúGVIbnþicbnþÜc Edl

man«riyabz dUecñaHEdr .

minlÁ k*qab´tUccitþ .

buK<lEdlCaraKcrit nig eZVIedayeKarB .

eRcIneZVIkic©karlÁitm¨t´ct´

buK<lEdlCaeTascrit

TaM rwgbwug Etminer[brylÁ .

lÁRtwmRtUv

eZVIkargarragmaM

buK<lEdlCaemahcrit CaGñkeZVI

buK<lEdlCaemahcrit CaGñkbriePaKePaCn mineT[gTat´ k* kalnwgbriePaK

eZVInUvBMnUt:yotUc

minCabrimNÐl

ecal

RKab´:y erayraykñúgPaCn; eZVIoRbLak´mat´ mancitþraymay


visuTÆimK< ERb

233

briePaK KitBIenHBIenaHbeNþIr . sUm|IbuK<lTaMgLay 3 xagcug manbuK<lEdlCasTÆacritCaedIm TaMgLay

3

xagedIm

k*Kb|IRCab

tamTMngénbuK<l

manbuK<lEdlCaraKcritCaedImenaHÉg

eRBaHCaGñkRbhak´RbEhlKñanwgbuK<lTaMgenaH .

bNÐit Kb|I

sMEdgcriya edaykarbriePaK y¨agdUecñH .

234

kmμdðanK<hNnieTÞs cMENkbuK<lTaMgLaybI xagcug manbuK<lEdlCasTÆacrit

CaedIm k*Kb|IRCab tamTMngénbuK<lTaMgLay 3 xagedIm man buK<lEdlCaraKcritCaedImenaHÉg KñanwgbuK<lTaMgenaH .

bNÐit Kb|IsMEdgcriya edaykareXIj

rUbCaedIm y¨agdUecñHÉg .

‘lk¡N;edaykareXIjCaedIm’ kñúgBaküza ²edayGakarmankareXIjCaedIm³ mann&y dUc teTAenH ;

eRBaHCaGñkRbhak´RbEhl

buK<lEdlCaraKcrit eXIjrUbEdlCaTIrIkraycitþ

‘lk¡N;edayZmμb|vtþi’

²nigedaykarRbRBwtþieTAénZm(n@uHÉg³

kñúgBaküza dUcteTAenH;

mann&y

k*Zm(TaMgLay KÅ; mayaç PaBCaGñkGYtGagç kar

sUm|IEtbnþicbnþÜc k*xMsMLwgemIl Gs´kaly¨agyUr dUcCaekIt

Rbkan´xøÜnç PaBCaGñkR:zñalamkç PaBCaGñkR:zñaZMç PaBCaGñk

esckþIRBÅRBYc

minsenþasç

qab´Cab´citþ

kñúgKuNEtbnþicbnþÜc

minsUvRbkan´

eTaseK eTaHbIBitk*eday kalnwgecjedIreTA k*CaGñkminR:zña nwgecjeTAeLIy

ecjeTATaMgesckþIGaeLaHGal&y .

buK<lEdlCaeTascrit

eXIjrUbEdlminCaTIrIkraycitþ

sUm|IbnþicbnþÜc k*sMLwgemIlmin:nyUr dUcCalM:kNas´ qab´ Gak´Gn´citþ

kñúgeTassUm|IEtbnþicbnþÜc

sUm|IBitk*eday

kalnwgecjedIreTA

minsUvCaTTYlykKuN k*CaGñkR:zñanwgecjeTA

Pøam> ecjeTATaMgminmanesckþIGaeLaHGal&y . buK<lEdlCaemahcrit

eXIjrUbÉNamYyehIy

eRcInEt

beNþayeTAtameK »eKninÞa k*ninÞatam »eKsresIr k*sresIr tam EtebIxøÜnmñak´Ég eRcInCaGñkRBegIy> eRBaHóebk¡aEdllág´ exøA .

sUm|IkñúgGakarTaMgLay mankarsþab´sMeLgCaedIm k*man

n&ydUcenHEdr .

karRkGÅtRkTmç

PaBCaGñkeqμIgéqμ

y¨agenHCaedIm

rEmgRbRBwtþeTAy¨ageRcIn dl´buK<lEdlCaraKcrit . Zm(TaMgLay KÅ; esckþIeRkaZç karcgeRkaZTukç lubKuN eKç elIkkMBs´esμInwgeKç RcENnç kMNaj´y¨agenHCaedIm

rEmg

RbRBwtþeTACaeRcIn dl´buK<lEdlCaeTascrit . Zm(TaMgLay GENþtGNþÚgç Rtg´Na

KÅ; esckþIrYjraç

esckþIekþARkhayç

esckþIraymayç esckþIsgS&yç

maMRtg´eNaHç karlHbg´:nedayRk

esckIþ

karRbkan´

y¨agenHCaedIm

rEmgRbRBwtþeTAy¨ageRcIn dl´buK<lEdlCaemahcrit . Zm(TaMgLay KÅ PaBCaGñkmancaK;lHrYcehIyç cg´eXIjnUvRBHGriyç edayesckþIrIkrayç mayaç

PaBCaGñkcg´sþab´Zm(ç PaBCaGñkminGYtGagç

PaBCaGñk

PaBCaGñkeRcIn PaBCaGñkminman

RCHzøa kñúgehtuEdlKYrRCHzøa y¨agenHCaedIm rEmgRbRBwtþ


visuTÆimK< ERb

235

kmμdðanK<hNnieTÞs

ÉviZIsMEdgcritenHNa EdleBalmkehIy kñúgGdðkzaTaMgLayç

eTAy¨ageRcIn dl´buK<lEdlCasTÆacrit . Zm(TaMgLay

236

KÅ; CaGñkEdleKRbedAgayç

PaBCaGñkman

viZIsMEdgcriyaenaHÉg bNÐit Kb|IeC] edayykCasar;:n .

klüaNmiRtç PaBCaGñks<al´RbmaN kñúgkarbriePaKç mansti

smdUcCaelak eBalTukehIyza ²Gacarü GñkEdl:nnUv

nig sm|CJ¦;ç CaGñkP\ak´rB\ker]y>ç segVKkñúgehtu EdlKYr

ecetabriyJ¦aN s<al´nUvcriyaehIy eTIbR:b´kmμdðanç Gacarü

segVKç

Edlmin:nnUvecetabriyJ¦aNeRkAenH

kalekItesckþIsegVKeRcIn

taMgTuknUvesckþIBüayam

edayó:yénR:C\a y¨agenHCaedIm rEmgRbRBwtþeTA y¨ageRcIn

dUecñH .

dl´buK<lEdlCaBuTiÆcrit .

raKcrit

Zm(TaMgLay KÅ; PaBCaGñkniyayeRcInCageZVIç PaBCaGñk eRtkGrkñúgBYkç PaBCaGñkmineRtkGr kñúgkarsagkuslç PaBCa Gñkkan´karmincMeBaHç cat´karekþAdUcePøIgeqHç

eBlyb´EbkKMnithuydUcEpSgç KMniterIrUseqøqøa

y¨agenHCaedIm

eBlézá rEmg

RbRBwtþeTA y¨ageRcIn dl´buK<lEdlCavitk,crit . bNÐitKb|IsMEdgcriya

edayZmμb|vtþi y¨agenHÉg .

Kb|IsaksYrGenþvasik³

ehtuenaH nwgsMKal´dwg:nza; buK<lenaH

CaGñkmancritNamYy

buK<lenH CaGñkman bNþacritTaMgLay

maneTascritCaedIm k*eRBaHecetabriyJ¦aN ßk* eRBaHsaksYr nUvbuK<lenaHehIy eTIbnwgdwg:n dUecñHÉg . ‘74’

ÉesckþIvinicä&y

kñúgbJØakmμenHza

²nigGVIeTACaTI

sb|aydl´buK<lEdlmancritEbbNa/³ dUecñH bNÐitKb|IRCab dUcteTAenH ; ‘sb|ay; énbuK<lmanraKcrit’

Et

eRBaHza viZIsMEdgnUvcriyaenH min:nmkkñúg:lI min:nmkkñúg

cMeBaHbuK<lraKcrit

CadMbUg

esnasn;

KÅCaTIesnasn;

Gdðkza edayGakarTaMgBYgç x\MúeBalehIy tamlMGanénmtirbs´

EdlelIkCaTItaMg EdlminTan´CRmHlagehIy esnasn; Edl

GacarüEtmüa¨g ehtuenaH bNÐit minKYreC]tam edayykCasar;

enACab´nwgEpndI

eLIy .

esnasn;TaMgLay mankudieZVIBIesμA nig salaeZVIBIsøwkCaedIm

critCaedIm

eRBaHza sUm|IbuK<lTaMgLay manbuK<lEdlCaeTas CaGñkenAedayesckþIminRbmaT

k*minGacedIm|InwgeZVI

jkPñM

esnasn;NanImYy

EdlminTan´:ntak´EtgehIy

esnasn;

bNþaTI

EdlRbLak´eTAedaylÁgZUlI

nVvGVIepSg> man«riyabzCaedIm Edl:neBalmkehIy cMeBaH

eBareBjeTAedayGacm¾RbeC[v

Buk:k´Ebk

buK<lEdlCaraKcrit:neLIy .

mYyeT[t GakarTaMgLayman

TabhYseBk esaHkeRkaH manP&y manpøÚvedIrminsÁat nig min

«riyabzCaedIm Edlmanlk¡N;epSg> Kña nwgekIteLIg dl´

rabesμI kñúgTIesnasn;ÉNa sUm|IERK nig taMg k*rexkrxak

buK<lEdlmancrit RcbUkRcbl´KñaEtmñak´Ég min:neLIy .

sm|úrGaRkk´

eBareBjeTAedaystVseg,Ic

x¬s´hYseBk

ßk*

kalebIbuK<leXIj


visuTÆimK< ERb esnasn;NamYyb¨ueNÑaH

k*ekItesckþIex¬ImreGImç

237 esnasn;

sMBt´esø{kBak´‘s|g´cIvr’ manCaydac´dacehIy erayray ryIgryUg

rENgreNag

dUcCanMGMEbg

mansmösSKRKatKRKÅm dUcCasMBt´rnaMg esAhμg Zán´ eRbIR:s´

sUm|IyaKUç P&tþ nig rbs´EdlKYrqan´ esAhμg BN(GaRkk´

CaedIm eRK]gsmøRbkbedayTwkedaHCUrç TwkRCk´ nig Gnøk´Edl cas´> ‘Gnøk´sl´’ y¨agNamYy k*:nEdr RKan´EtbMeBjeBaH Etmüa¨g rEmgsmKYrç sUm|I«riyabz énbuK<lEdlCaraKcritenaH CakarQr ßk*

lM:k Casb|ay;ç sUm|I:Rt KÅCa:RtdI manBN(GaRkk´ ßk* Ca:RtEdkEdl ZøúHedayesñ{t nig qñúkZán´ manRTg´RTayGaRkk´ KYroex¬Im dUcCa

k*CapøÚvEdlminCaTIeBjcitþ

c®g,m rEmgsmKYrç GarmμN¾ k*KÅbNþavNÑksiN mannIlksiNCaedIm y¨ag NamYy manBN(minsÁat rEmgsmKYrç

GMEbgk|al rEmgsmKYrç sUm|IpøÚvPik¡acar

kmμdðanK<hNnieTÞs

seRmcedayGbrNÑCat manRsEgç RsUvEKllk nig cugGg,r

dUecñaH Casb|ay;ç

eTAedaysrésGMe:H

238

minCitBIPUmi

buK<lEdlCaraKcrit edayRbkardUecñHÉg . ‘sb|ay; énbuK<leTascrit’

Rsuk CapøÚvminrabesμI rEmgsmKYrç sUm|IRsukPUmi énPik¡acar CaRsukPUmiEdlBYkPik¡úRtac´eTA dUc CaminmanmnusSeXIj

CaRsukPUmiEdlBYkmnusSTaMgLay nimnþ

enH KÅCasb|ay rbs´

cMeBaHbuK<lEdlCaeTascrit Edlminx¬s´eBk

minTabeBk

esnasn;

bribUN(edaymøb´

CaTIesnasn; nig

Twk

man

Pik¡ú\Edlmin:nPik¡a sUm|IkñúgRtkUlmYyehIy k*ecjeTA ocUl

CJ¢aMgç ssr nig CeNþIrlÁsmrmü mankartak´Etg edayeQI

eTAkan´eragqan´ edayBaküza ²bBiRtRBHKuNm©as´d*cMerIn sUm

manp,a nig vløi y¨aglÁer[bry Rss´bMRBg edaycitþkmμ man

RBHKuNm©as´nimnþmk‘TIenH’³ dUecñH zVayyaKU nigP&tþehIy kal

KMrUepSg> Kña manépÞénPUmiPaKrabesμIç sñiTÆ nig Tn´ Rbdab´tak´

nwgeTA k*eTAminEbremIl dUceK[geKajI bJ©ÚleRkal ehIyeTA

EtgBidan edaykRmgp,a nig sMBt´ manBN(d*viciRt mankRmal

minx©IEbremIlç pøÚvPik¡acardUecñaH KYrç

ERK nig taMgd*lÁsÁat KYrCaTIrIkray EdlbuK<lRkalTuklÁehIy

sUm|IBYkmnusSEdlGg<as CaBYkx\MúbeRbI ßk* BYkkmμkr man

manp,aeQI eRK]gGb´ nig eRK]gRkGUb dak´TukedIm|IGb´køin kñúgTI

Es|kGaRkk´ minKYrKyKn´ sMBt´esø{kBak´esAhμg mankøinsÁúy

enaH> dUcCavimanénRBhμç esnasn;NamYy RKan´EteXIjPøam

KYrex¬ImNas´ Gg<asedayGakar;minekatERkg dUcCaecalyaKU

k*júaMgbIti nig R:emaC¢;oekItç

nig P&tþdUecñaHÉgç BYkmnusS EdlGg<asdUecñaH Casb|ay;ç

cMENkÉpøÚvedIr

esnasn;EbbenH Casb|ay;ç

énesnasn;enaH

CapøÚvEdleC[sputGMBI


visuTÆimK< ERb GnþrayRKb´Ebby¨ag

manépÞrabesμIlÁ

239 Rbdab´tak´´EtgehIyç

ÉeRK]gbrik¡ar sMrab´esnasn; kñúgesnasn;enaH KYrEtkMu omaneRcIneBk

KÅmanRtwmEtERK

nig

taMgEtmYyb¨ueNÑaH

k*KYr

240

kmμdðanK<hNnieTÞs

CaTIRCHzøa

ogUtTwk

duslagsÁatlÁehIy

eTAedaykøinZUbGb´ nig p,aeQI Rbdab´tak´Etgkay edaysMBt´ nig eRK]gGaPrN; manBN(epSg> nig lÁsÁat EdlCaTIeBj

edIm|Ikat´pþac´nUvTIGaRs&y rbs´BYkstVkNþÚbç seg,Icç Bs´ nig

citþ

kNþúrCaedImç

buK<lEdlCaeTascritç

sUm|IeRK]gsMel[kBMBak´ smKYrCasMBt´Na>

mYy

rbs´buK<lEdlCaeTascritenaH

bNþasMBt´RkecAç

sMBt´esamar;ç

sMBt´sURtç sMBt´eZVIBIkb|asç nig sMBt´sm|keQI Edlman sac´m¨t´lÁCaedIm

EdllÁRbNItç ‘nwgyk’ sMBt´enaH> ‘eZVI’

CacIvrmYyCan´ ßk* BIrCan´ k*eday CacIvrRsal RClk´:nlÁ

k*KYrCa:RtEdk

manRTg´RTayy¨aglÁ

dUcCa

BBuHTwk rlIgRsil minmanERcH dUcCaEkvmNI Gb´køiny¨aglÁ manBN(sÁatbrisuTÆ pøÚvPik¡acar

eZVIkarGg<as

sUm|IyaKU

P&tþ

dl´RBmedayBN(ç

nig

CaTIsb|ay

rbs´EdlKYrqan´

dl´

k*KYrCarbs´Edl

køin nig rs manOCarsqáaj´

KYrCaTIeBj

citþ d*lÁRbNIt RKb´Ebby¨ag mantamesckþIRtUvkarç sUm|I«riyabz

rbs´buK<lEdlCaeTascritenaH

k*KYrCa

«riyabzedk ßk* TIGg<úyç

nIlksiNCaedIm EdlmanBN(lÁbrisuTÆsÁat dUecñHÉg . enH KÅCaTIsb|ay rbs´buK<lEdlCaeTascrit . ‘sb|ay; énbuK<lemahcrit’

edaysmKYrdl´smN;ç

KYrCapøÚvEdlputGMBIGnþray

edayesckþIeKarBdUecñaH

sUm|IGarmμN¾ k*KYrCaksiNNamYy bNþavNÑksiN man

manBN(lÁbrisuTÆ edaysmKYrdl´smN;ç sUm|I:Rt

RkGUbQáúyQáb´

rabesμI

KYrCaTIrIk

raycitþ minqáayeBk minCiteBkGMBIPUmiRsukç sUm|IPik¡acarRKam k*KYrCaTIEdlmnusSTaMgLay eRtkGr za

cMeBaHbuK<lEdlCaemahcrit esnasn;k*KYrCaTIesnasn; Edlmanmuxeq¬aHeTArkTis mincegÁ{teBk CaTIEdlTisTaMgLay R:kd ebIkcMh sMrab´buK<lEdlGg<úyç TIc®g,m KYrkñúg«riyabz

²RBHKuNm©as´d*cMerIn nwgmkkñúgeBlenH³ dUecñHehIy oeKRkal

TaMgLayç

Gasn; kñúgTIEdlbuK<leRsacTwk nig e:ssMGatrYcehIy k*

minKYrCaksiNtUc manxñatb¨uncEgÁr ßk* b¨uncan .

eTATTYlyk:Rt nimnþocUlpÞH oKg´elIGasn; EdleK:n

OkasEdlcegÁ{t

RkalehIy Gg<asedayédxøÜnÉg edayeKarBç

eRBaHehtuenaH KYrCaksiN EdlmanxñatTUlay CaksiNEdl

cMENkÉbuK<lEdlGg<as CabuK<lEdlmanrUbragsÁat KYr

cMENkGarmμN¾

citþ

rbs´buK<lEdlCaemahcritenaH

nwgdl´nUvesckþIvegVg

eRBaHza kñúg

rwtEteRcIneLIg

ZM . sb|ay;d*ess k*dUcCasb|ay; Edl:neBalmkehIy


visuTÆimK< ERb

241

énbuK<lEdlCaeTascrit y¨agdUecñHÉgç enHCasb|ay;énbuK<l

rbs´buK<lEdlCavitk,crit .

kñúgBaküenHza

‘sb|ay; énbuK<lsTÆacrit’ viZIEdl:neBalehIy

kñúgbuK<lEdlCaeTascritTaMgGs´

k*Casb|ay; énbuK<lEdlCasTÆacrit nig kñúgGarmμN¾TaMgLay sUm|IGnusStikmμdðan k*KYrdl´buK<lEdlCasTÆacritenaHpgEdr . BaküEdlKYreBalza ²kñúgvtæúTaMgLaymanesnasn;CaedIm vtæúeQμaHenH minCaTIsb|ayénbuK<lEdlCaBuTÆicrit³ minmaneT . ‘sb|ay; énbuK<lvitk,crit’ sRmab´buK<lvitk,crit

TIesnasn;

minKYrCaTIesnasn;

EdlebIkcMh manmuxeq¬aHeTAkan´Tis CaTIEdlsYnc|arç éRBeQI nig RsHe:k¡rNI EdlCaTIrIkraycitþ tamlMdab´énRsukç niKm nig CnbT nig PñMEdlmanBN(ex[vRsgat´ R:kddl´buK<lEdl

edayBit .

kmμdðanK<hNnieTÞs esckþIGZib|ayenH CaesckþIBisþar éncriyaEdlmkehIy

EdlCaemahcrit .

Gg<úyehIy.

242

eRBaHTIesnasn;nu@H Cabc©&yénkarRtac´eTAénvitk, eRBaHehtuenaH

buK<lEdlCavitk,crit

KYrenAék|r

mat´RckEdleRCA kñúgesnasn; EdlmanéRBbiT:Mg dUcCajk

²kmμdðan EdlsmKYr dl´criyarbs´xøÜn³ eday

karkMNt´RbePTç edImehtuç viZIR:b´ nig vtæúEdlCaTIsb|ay . Etkmμdðan EdlsmKYrdl´criya x\MúminTan´eZVI oCak´c|as´ ehIy edayGakarTaMgBYgCamuneLIy .

eRBaHkmμdðanenaH nwgmk

R:kdc|as´ edayxøÜnÉgBit kñúgesckþIBisþar énbTmatikaEdl nwgeBalCalMdab´

.

ehtuenaH

kñúgBaküEdlx\úMeBalehIyza

²kan´yknUvkmμdðanNamYy kñúgkmμdðanTaMg 40³ dUecñHenH bNÐit Kb|IRCabvinicä&y kñúgkmμdðan edayGakar;TaMg 10 enH Camun KÅ ; 1- sg¡atnieTÞs

edaydwgkarsMEdgcMnYnénkmμdðanç

2- óbcarb|navh edaydwgkmμdðanEdlnaMmknUvóbcarCÄan nig kmμdðanEdlnaMmknUvGb|naQanç 3- Qanb|ePT

edaydwgRbePTrbs´Qanç

4- smtik,m

edaydwgviZIRbRBwtþiknøgrbs´kmμdðanç

5- vD¿navD¿n

edaydwgkmμdðanEdlsmKYrdl´karcMerIn Ezm nig minKYrcMerInEzmç

éneBaHdMrIç KuhaRBHmhinÞ .

6- GarmμN

edaydwgGarmμN¾rbs´kmμdðanç

7- PUmi

edaydwgPUmirbs´kmμdðanç

Rtac´rg<at´eTA edayGMNacénvitk,; . b¨uEnþKYrCaksiNEdlman

8- KhN

edaydwgkic©EdlRtUver[nykkmμdðanç

xñattUc . sb|ay;d*ess k*dUcCasb|ay;Edl:neBalmk

9- bc©y

edaydwgbc©&yrbs´kmμdðanç

sUm|IGarmμN¾

rbs´buK<lEdlCavitk,critenaH

ksiN ZMTUlayeBkeT .

k*minKYrCa

eRBaHksiNdUecñaH Cabc©&ydl´kar

ehIy sRmab´buK<lEdlCaraKcritn@uHEdr .

enH KÅCasb|ay;

10- criyanukUl

edaydwgkmμdðanEdlsmKYrdl´criya .


visuTÆimK< ERb

243

‘sg¡atnieTÞs’ ‘75’ kñúgbTmatikaTaMgenaH bTza ²edaydwgkarsMEdgcMnYn

énkmμdðan³ manvinicä&y dUcteTAenH ; k*Baküza ²kñúgkmμdðanTaMg 40³ enH KÅx\úMeBalehIyç kñúgBaküenaH kmμdðanTaMgLay 40 enH KÅ ksiN 10ç GsuP 10ç GnusSti 10ç RBhμvihar 4ç GarUb| 4ç

sJ¦a 1ç vvdðan 1 . kñúgkmμdðanTaMgLayenaH ksiNTaMgLay 10 KÅ ;

244

kmμdðanK<hNnieTÞs

‘4’ vicäiTÞk

GsuPEdleKkat´dac´Bak´kNþalxøÜnç

‘5’ vik¡ayitk

GsuPEdlstVxaMkekrsIurluHrlYyç

‘6’ vik¡itþk

GsuPEdleKkat´dac´ecjBIKñaCakMNat´>ç

‘7’ htvik¡itþk

GsuPEdleKkab´sab´mansñamsaMrvamç

‘8’ elahitk

GsuPEdlmanQamhUreRsacRsBç

‘9’ buLÚvk

GsuPEdlmandg,ÚvcuHhUrecjtamTVarTaMg9ç

‘10’ Gdðik

GsuPEdlmanEtragqÁwgrat´rayx©at´x©ay .

‘1’ bfvIksiN

ykdIeZVICavg´ksiNç

‘2’ Gae:ksiN

ykTwkeZVICaksiNç

‘3’ eteCaksiN

‘1’ BuTÆanusSti

karrB\ker]y>manBuTÆKuNCaGarmμN¾ç

ykePøIgeZVICaksiNç

‘4’ vaeyaksiN

‘2’ ZmμanusSti

karrB\ker]y>manZmμKuNCaGarmμN¾ç

ykxül´eZVICaksiNç

‘5’ nIlksiN

‘3’ sg¹anusSti

karrB\ker]y>mansg¹KuNCaGarmμN¾ç

ykvtæúmanBN(ex[veZVICaksiNç

‘6’ bItksiN

‘4’ sIlanusSti

ykvtæúmanBN(el]geZVICaksiNç

‘5’ caKanusSti

‘7’ elahitksiN ‘8’ OTatksiN

ykvtæúBN(RkhmeZVICaksiNç

GnusStiTaMgLay 10 enH KÅ

karrB\ker]y>mancaKKuNCaGarmμN¾ç

‘6’ eTvtanusSti karrB\ker]y>mansTÆaTiKuN rbs´eTvta

ykvtæúmanBN(-s eZVICaksiNç

‘9’ GaelakksiN

karrB\ker]y>mansIlKuNCaGarmμN¾ç

nig sTÆaTiKuN rbs´xøÜnCaGarmμN¾ç ‘7’ mrNanusSti

karrB\ker]y>dl´mrN;CaGarmμN¾ç

‘8’ kayKtasti

karrB\ktaMgcuHkñúgkayCaGarmμN¾ç

GsuPTaMgLay 10 KÅ ‘1’ óTÆúmatk

‘9’ Gana:NsSti

karrB\kxül´ecjcUlCaGarmμN¾ç

GsuP ehImeBare:¨geLIgç

‘2’ vinIlk

‘10’ óbsmanusSti

GsuP ehImmanBN(ex[vedayeRcInç

‘3’ vibuBVk

GsuP ehImmanxÞúHhUreTA kñúgxagelI-eRkamç

ykBnøÅeZVICaksiNç

‘10’ bricäinñakasksiN ykGakasEdlkMNt´CaksiN .

karrB\ker]y>nUvRBHniBVanCaGarmμN¾.

RBhμvihar 4 enH KÅ ‘1’

emtþa pSayemtþa dl´sBVstVTaMgBYgç


visuTÆimK< ERb

245

246

kmμdðanK<hNnieTÞs

‘2’ kruNa

pSaykruNadl´sBVstVTaMgBYgç

EtkayKtasti nig Gana:nsStiecj enAsl´ 8ç Gahaerbdi

‘3’ muTita

pSaymuTitadl´sBVstVTaMgBYgç

kUlsJ¦a 1ç ctuZatuvvdðan 1 enHb¨ueNÑaH CakmμdðannaMmknUvRtwm

‘4’ óebk¡a

pSayóebk¡adl´sBVstVTaMgBYgç

EtóbcarCÄanç kmμdðand*ess CakmμdðannaMmknUvGb|naQan . bNÐit Kb|IRCabvinicä&y edaydwgkmμdðanEdlnaMmknUvRtwm

GarUb| 4 enH KÅ ‘1’ GakasanJ©aytn

ykGakaskñúgbdiPaKnimitþEdlekIt

GMBIksiN 9 ev[rElgEtGakasksiNecj

Edlmin

manTIbMput mkCaGarmμN¾ç ‘2’ viJ¦aNJ©aytn

RsavykGrUbviJ¦aNTI 1

EdlpSay

eTA minmanTIbMput mkCaGarmμN¾ç ‘3’ GakiJ©J¦aytn

kMNt´ykGrUbviJ¦aNTI 1 EdlpSay

eTA minmankgVl´tictUc mkCaGarmμN¾ç ‘4’ envsJ¦anasJ¦aytn kMNt´ykesckþIlÁit rbs´GrUbviJ¦aNTI 3 EdlmanesÞIrEtnwgminman mkCaGarmμN¾ . GahaerbdikUlsJ¦a

EdlRBHeyaKavcrBicarNaGahar

edaybdikUl eQμaHza sJ¦a 1 .

ctuZatuvvdðan EdlRBH

eyaKavcr BicarNakMNt´Zatu 4 eQμaHza vvdðan 1 . bNÐit Kb|IRCabvinicä&y

edaysg¡atnieTÞs y¨agenHÉg .

‘óbcarb|navh’ Baküza

²edaydwgkmμdðan

EdlnaMmknUvóbcarCÄan

kmμdðanEdlnaMmknUvGb|naQan³ manvinicä&y dUcteTA ;

nig k*kúñg

kmμdðanTaMgLayenaH kmμdðanTaMg 10 enH KÅ GnusSti elIkElg

EtóbcarCÄan nig Gb|naQan y¨agdUecñHÉg . ‘Qanb|ePT’ Baküza ²edaydwgRbePTrbs´Qan³ manvinicä&yza; k*kñúg kmμdðanTaMg 2 y¨ag dUc:nBalmkehIyenaH bNþakmμdðanEdl naMmk nUvGb|naQan

ksiN 10 RBmTaMgGana:nsSti Ca

ctuk,CÄanik cMerInoekItQan:nRKb´ 4 . TaMgkayKtasti bfmCÄan .

CabfmCÄanik

GsuP 10 RBm

cMerInoekItQan:nRtwmEt

RBhμvihar 3 xagedIm CatikCÄanik cMerInoekIt

Qan:nRtwmEt 3 .

RBhμvihar TI 4

ctutæCÄanik RbRBwtþeTA kñúgctutæCÄan .

nig GarUb| 4

Ca

bNÐit Kb|IRCabvinicä&y

edaydwgRbePTrbs´Qan y¨agdUecñHÉg . ‘smtik,m’ bTza ²edaydwgviZIRbRBwtþiknøgrbs´kmμdðan³ manvinicä&yza karRbRBwtþiknøg man 2 y¨ag KÅ; karRbRBwtþiknøgnUvGg< 1 kar RbRBwtþiknøgnUvGarmμN¾ 1 . RbRBwtþiknøgGg<

rEmgman

kñúgkarRbRBwtþiknøgTaMg 2 enaH kar kñúgkmμdðanTaMgLay EdlCatikCÄanik

nig ctuk,CÄanikTaMgBYg eRBaHQanTaMgLayzñak´x¬s´ manTutiyQanCaedIm RBHeyaKavcrRtUvEtknøg nUvGg<QanTaMgLay man


visuTÆimK< ERb

247

248

kmμdðanK<hNnieTÞs

vitk,; nig vicar; CaedImehIy eTIb:nsMerc kñúgGarmμN¾TaMg

k*Pav;énkmμdðanTaMgenaH RtUvkMNt´ehIy edayOkasenHenaH nwg

LayenaHÉg .

manR:kd edayPavnan&y.

kñúgRBhμvihar TI4

RBhμvihar TI4 enaH

k*y¨agdUecñaH .

eRBaHsUm|I

k*kalebIRBHeyaKavcrcMerInkmμdðan

RBHeyaKavcr k*RtUvEtknøg nUvesamnsS

TaMgenaH bEnæmehIy KMnrénsaksBEtb¨ueNÑaHÉg rEmgcMerIn .

ehIy eTIb:nseRmc kñúgGarmμN¾énRBhμvihar 3 xagedIm man

GanisgSbnþicbnþÜcminmaneT . EmnBit BaküenH RBHesa:ketær

emtþaCaedImn@uHÉg .

eBalehIy kñúgesa:kb|JØaBüakrN¾za ²bBiRtRBHmanRBHPaK

kñúgGarUb| 4 .

cMENkkarRbRBwtþiknøgnUvGarmμN¾ rEmgman

eRBaHGakasanJ©aytn; RBHeyaKavcr RtUvEt

knøg nUvGarmμN¾NamYy seRmc:n .

bNþaksiN 9 xagedImehIy eTIb

k*GarUb|xagedIm man viJ¦aNJ©aytn;CaedIm

rUbsJ¦a R:kdc|asç´ GdðiksJ¦a minR:kdc|as´³ dUecñH .

k*

kñúgsJ¦aTaMg 2 enaH rUbsJ¦a elakeBalehIyza; R:kdc|as´ edayGMNacénkarcMerIneLIg énnimitþ .

GdðiksJ¦a elakeBal

RBHeyaKavcr RtUvEtknøgnUvGarmμN¾TaMgLay manGakasCaedIm

za; minR:kdc|as´ edayGMNacénkarmincMerIneLIg ‘énnimitþ’ .

ehIy eTIbseRmc:n .

ÉBaküenHÉNa EdlRBHezr; eBalehIyza ²x\úMRBHkruNa :n

minmaneT .

kñúgkmμdðan d*ess karRbRBwtþiknøg

bNÐit Kb|IRCabvinicä&y edaydwgviZIRbRBwtþiknøg én

kmμdðan y¨agdUecñHÉg .

pSayeTAedayGdðiksJ¦a

eBjEpndIenHTaMgmUl³

dUecñHç

Bakü

enaH RBHezr; eBalehIy edayGMNacénGakarEdlR:kdeLIg

‘vD¿navD¿n’ ‘76’ bTza ²edaydwgkmμdðan EdlKYrdl´karcMerInEzm nig

minKYrdl´karcMerInEzm³ manvinicä&yza ; kñúgkmμdðanTaMg 40 enH ksiN 10 b¨ueNÑaH RBHeyaKavcr KYrcMerInbEnæm . eyaKavcr pSayedayksiN rhUtOkasRtwmNaç

eRBaHRBH

dl´xøÜnelakEdlCaGñk:n .

dUcCakñúgkalénRBH:TZmμaesak

stVkrvik eXIjRsemalrbs´xøÜn kñúgCJ¢aMgénkJ©k´ edayCMuvij k*sm<al´za; Rsemalrbs´xøÜn CastVkrvik kñúgTisTaMgBYg eTIb beJ©jsMeLgy¨agBIeraH y¨agNamijç

sUm|IRBHezr; k*y¨ag

BÆd*xagkñúg

dUecñaHEdr eRBaHPav;CaGñkCMnajkñúgGdðiksJ¦a eXIjnUvnimitþEdl

OkasRtwmenaH RBHeyaKavcrenaH Gacsþab´sMeLg» edayTiBV-

R:kdeLIg kñúgTisTaMgBYg k*Kitza ²RbwzBITaMgmUl eBareBjeTA

esatZatu eXIjrUb edayTiBVck¡ú nig dwgcitþ rbs´stVdéT eday

edayGdði³ dUecñHÉg .

citþ:n .

ÉkayKtasti nig GsuPTaMgLay RBHeyaKavcr

minKYrcMerInEzmeT .

eRBaHehtuGVI/ .

eRBaHkayKtasti nig

GsuPenaHRtUvkMNt´ehIyedayOkas nig minmanGanisgSpg .

sYrza

;

ebIy¨agdUecñaH

Gb|maNarmμN¾ eTß/ .

eqøIyza;

ÉNa

Pav;énGsuPQanTaMgLay

EdlelakeBalehIyç

Ca

enaH minxus

k*Pav;énGsuPQan CaGb|maNarmμN¾enaH


visuTÆimK< ERb

249

250

kmμdðanK<hNnieTÞs

minxuseT eRBaHRBHeyaKavcrxøH kan´yknimitþ kñúgóTÆúmatkGsuP

yknUvstVTaMgLay kñúgTis 1 cMerIneTAedaylMdab´ manvtþmYy

ß kñúgGdðikGsuPEdlZMç

vtþBIrCaedIm ehAza ²pSayeTAkan´TismYy³ minEmnCaGñkcMerIn

GsuPenaH > EdltUc >

RBHeyaKavcrBYkxøH k*kan´yknimitþ kñúg edaybriyayenHç

Qan rbs´RBH

EzmnUvnimitþeT .

k*bdiPaKnimitþ EdlRBHeyaKavcr cMerInenaHÉg

eyaKavcrBYkxøH CabritþarmμN¾ç Qan rbs´RBHeyaKavcrBYkxøH

minmaneT kñúgRBhμviharPavnaenH .

CaGb|maNarmμN¾ .

rmμN¾ nig Gb|maNarmμN¾ kñúgRBhμviharenH bNÐit Kb|IRCab

mYyeT[t RBHeyaKavcr rUbNa mineXIj

eTas kñúgkarcMerInbEnæm nUvGsuPnimitþenaH k*cMerInEzmç elak eBalsMedAykQan rbs´RBHeyaKavcrenaH za; GsuPQan CaGb|maNarmμN¾ . dUecñHÉg .

b¨uEnþminKYrcMerInEzm eRBaHminmanGanisgS

sUm|Ikmμdðan d*ess k*minKYrcMerInEzm dUcCakay-

Ktasti nig GsuPTaMgn@uH y¨agenaHÉg . sYrza; eRBaHehtuGVI/ .

eqøIyza; eRBaHkñúgkmμdðan d*ess

TaMgenaH dMbUg ebIRBHeyaKavcr cMerInEzmnUvGana:nnimitþç KMnr xül´Etb¨ueNÑaH rEmgcMerIn nig Gana:nnimitþenaH k*RtUvkMNt´ ehIy edayOkas .

Gana:nnimitþ KÅRBHeyaKavcr minKYrcMerIn

Ezm eRBaHmaneTaspg eRBaHRtUv:nkMNt´ehIypg . RBhμvihar k*manstVCaGarmμN¾ .

kalebIRBHeyaKavcr

cMerInEzmnUvnimitþ énRBhμviharTaMgenaHç k*KMnrstVEtb¨ueNÑaH Kb|I cMerIn .

EtRbeyaCn¾ edaykarcMerInKMnrstVenaH k*minmaneT .

eRBaHehtuenaH sUm|IRBhμviharnimitþenaH k*minKYrcMerIn . cMENk

cMENkPav;EdlCabritþa-

edayGMNacénkarkMNt´ykn@uHÉg . sUm|IkñúgGarmμN¾énGarUbTaMgLay Gakas k*minKYrcMerInEzm eRBaHeZVIoksiNrebIkeLIg. EmnBit GakasenaH RBHeyaKavcr Kb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþ edayGMNackareTAR:sénksiNb¨ueNÑaHÉg . kalebIcMerInoeRcInCagenaH k*KμanRbeyaCn¾GVIeLIy . viJ¦aN k*minKYrcMerInEzm eRBaHCasPavZm( . eZVIsPavZm(ocMerIn:neLIy .

EmnBit GñkNa k*minGac

kareTAR:sénviJ¦aN k*minKYr

cMerInEzm eRBaHRKan´EtCaesckþIminR:kdénviJ¦aN .

GarmμN¾

énenvsJ¦anasJ¦aytn; k*minKYrcMerInEzm eRBaHCasPavZm(dUc KñaEdr . kmμdðan d*ess k*minKYrcMerInEzm eRBaHminmannimitþ .

Emn

Bit bdiPaKnimitþ eQμaHza CanimitþKYrcMerInedayBitç EtGarmμN¾ énGnusStiTaMgLay manBuTÆanusStiCaedIm minEmnCabdiPaKnimitþ eT .

ehtuenaH GnusStikmμdðanenaH eTIbminKYrcMerInEzmeLIy .

Bakü:lI EdlelakeBalehIy za ²Pik¡ú mancitþRbkb eday

bNÐit Kb|IRCabvinicä&y edaydwgkmμdðanEdlKYrdl´karcMerInEzm

emtþa pSayeTAkan´TismYy³ dUecñHCaedImenaH elakeBalehIy

nig minKYrdl´karcMerInEzm y¨agdUecñHÉg .

edayGMNacénkarRbkan´yk .

EmnBit RBHeyaKavcr kMNt´

‘77’ bTza ²edaydwgGarmμN¾ rbs´kmμdðan³

manvinicä&y


visuTÆimK< ERb

251

‘GarmμN¾’

Gana:nsSti 1ç

bdiPaKnimitþ:n .

kñúgGnusSti 10

ksiN 10ç

kayKtasti 1 manGarmμN¾ Ca

kmμdðan eRkAGMBIenH ‘18’ manGarmμN¾ Ca

bdiPaKnimitþmin:neLIy .

kmμdðanK<hNnieTÞs

k*bNþakmμdðan 40 enH

za ; k*kñúgkmμdðanTaMg 40 enH kmμdðan 22 enH KÅ GsuP 10ç

252

edayn&yenaH kmμdðan 12 enH KÅ;

GnusSti 8 d*ess elIkElEtGana:nsSti

nig kayKtastiecj nig GaharbdikUlsJ¦a1 ctuZatuvvdðan1

Ktasti 1ç min:n .

kmμdðan 12 enH KÅ GsuP 10ç kay-

GaharbdikUlsJ¦a 1

kmμdðan 13 enH KÅ; kmμdðan 12 enaH nig Gana:n-

sSti RbRBwtþeTA kñúgRBhμelakmin:n . EtkmμdðandéT ev[rElg EtGarUb| 4 RbRBwtþeTA kúñgGrUbPBmin:n . ‘40’ RbRBwtþeTA kñúgmnusSelak:n .

Ékmμdðan TaMgGs´

bNÐit Kb|IRCabvinicä&y

edaydwgPUmi rbs´kmμdðan y¨agdUecñHÉg .

viJ¦aNJ©aytn;1 envsJ¦anasJ¦aytn;1 kan´yksPavZ(m mkCaGarmμN¾ .

RbRBwtþeTA kñúgeTvelak

‘KhN’

kmμdðanTaMg 22 enH KÅ ksiN10ç GsuP 10ç

bTza ²edaydwgkic© EdlRtUver[nykkmμdðan³ manvinicä&y

Gana:nsSti 1ç kayKtasti 1 kan´yknimitþ mkCaGarmμN¾ .

za; k*esckþIvinicä&y kñúgbTenH bNÐitKb|IRCab edaykarkan´yk

kmμdðan eRkAGMBIenH 6 ‘KÅ; RBhμvihar 4ç GakasanJ©aytn; 1ç

tamnimitþ EdlemIleXIjç

GakiJ©J¦aytn;1’ kan´ykGarmμN¾ EdlKYreBalkMNt´min:nç

Edl:nsþab´» .

mYyeT[t

ksiNd*ess9 elIkElgEtvaeyaksiNecjç GsuP10 Kb|I

kmμdðan 8 enH KÅ; vibuBVkGsuP 1ç elahitkGsuP 1ç

buLÚvkGsuP 1ç ksiN

Gana:nsSti 1ç

vaeyaksiN

1

Gae:ksiN 1ç

mNÐlrsμI

eteCa-

énRBHGaTitüCaedIm

tamEdlxül´b¨HBal´RtUv nig tam

kñúgpøÚvTaMg 3 enaH kmμdðanTaMg 19 enH KÅ;

kan´yktamnimitþEdleXIj .

manesckþIza mundMbUg RtUvemIl

edayck¡úehIy eTIbkan´yknimitþ énkmμdðanTaMgenaH .

kñúgkay-

EdlCaGarmμN¾ kñúgGaelakksiN 1 ‘munekItbdiPaKnimitþ’ man

Ktasti GarmμN¾ rbs´kayKtastienaH RtUvkan´yktamnimitþ

GarmμN¾j&r .

EtGarmμN¾keRmIkTaMgenaHÉg rEmgman kñúgkal

EdlemIleXIj nig tamEdl:nsþab´» y¨agdUecñH KÅ; Rtg´

Etdl´bdiPaKnimitþ k*manGarmμN¾sáb´minkeRmIk .

tcbJ©k; RtUver[nyk tamnimitþEdlemIleXIjç sl´GMBIenaH

CaxagedIm .

kmμdðan sl´eRkAGMBIenH manGarmμN¾sáb´ «tkeRmIk .

bNÐit

Kb|IRCabvinicä&y edaydwgGarmμN¾ rbs´kmμdðan y¨agdUecñH . ‘PUmi’ ‘78’ bTza ²edaydwgPUmi rbs´kmμdðan³ manvinicä&y za ;

RtUver[nyk tamEdlsþab´» .

Gana:nsSti RtUver[nyk tam

xül´EdlBal´RtUv . vaeyaksiN RtUver[nyk tamnimitþEdl emIleXIj nig tamxül´EdlBal´RtUv .

kmμdðan Edlsl´GMBI

enH 18 RtUver[nyk tamEdl:nsþab´mk . Etkñúgkmμdðan 40


visuTÆimK< ERb enH kmμdðanTaMgenH

253

KÅ; óebk¡aRBhμvihar 1 GarUb| 4 KWRBH

254

kmμdðanK<hNnieTÞs

dl´buK<lEdlCaemahcrit nig buK<lEdlCavitk,crit. GnusSti

eyaKavcrkulbuRt EdlCaGaTikmμik; minRtUver[neLIy RtUver[n

6 xagedIm smKYr dl´buK<lEdlCasTÆacrit .

Etkmμdðan 35 eRkAGMBIenH .

mrNsSti 1ç óbsmanusSti 1ç ctuZatuvvdðan 1ç Gaharbdi

bNÐit Kb|IRCabvinicä&y edaydwg

kic© EdlRtUver[nyknUvkmμdðan y¨agenHÉg .

kUlsJ¦a 1 smKYrdl´buK<lEdlCaBuTÆicrit .

‘bc©&y’ bTza

kmμdðan 4 KÅ

ksiNd*ess

sl´ nig GarUb| 4 smKYrdl´buK<lRKb´critTaMgGs´ .

²edaydwgbc©&y rbs´kmμdðan³ manvinicä&yza kñúg

Etkñúg

ksiNTaMgLay ksiNÉNamYy EdlCabritþarmμN¾ ksiN

kmμdðanTaMgenH ksiN d*ess 9 elIkElgEtGakasksiN

enaH smKYr dl´buK<lEdlCavitk,critç

ecjeTA rEmgCabc©&yénGarUb|TaMgLay .

ksiNTaMg 10 Ca

smKYrdl´buK<lEdlCaemahcrit . kñúgkmμdðanenaH bNÐit Kb|I

RBhμvihar 3 Cabc©&y énRBhμvihar

RCabvinicä&y edaydwgkmμdðanEdlsmKYrdl´criya y¨agenHÉg .

bc©&yénGPiJ¦aTaMgLay .

TI4 . GarUb|zñak´Tab> Cabc©&ydl´GarUb|zñak´elI>.

EdlCaGb|maNarmμN¾

envsJ¦a-

k*BaküenHTaMgGs´elakeBalehIy edayGMNacénkmμdðan

nasJ¦aytn; Cabc©&ydl´nieraZsmabtþi . kmμdðanRKb´TaMg 40

EdlCaswksRtUvedayRtg´ nig edayGMNacénkmμdðan EdlCaTI

Cabc©&yoRBHxINaRsB enACasux kñúgbc©úb|nñ dl´nUvvibsSna

sb|ay d*éRkElgpg .

nig dl´PBsm|tþi dUecñHÉg .

RKbsg,t´

bNÐitKb|IRCabvinicä&y edaydwgbc©&y rbs´kmμdðan dUecñH . ‘criyanukUl’ bTza ²edaydwgkmμdðan EdlKYrdl´criya³ manvinicä&y za;

EteQμaHza kuslPavna Edlmin:n

nUveTasTaMgLaymanraK;CaedIm

ß

EdlminEmnCa

óbkar; dl´KuNTaMgLay mansTÆaCaedIm minman .

EmnBit

BaküenH RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´ kñúgemXiysURt za ²Zm(TaMg Lay 4 Rbkar

KÅGñkKb|IcMerIn o:nRbesIreLIg KÅ GsuPTaMg

k*esckþIvinicä&y kñúgbTenH bNÐit Kb|IRCab edaysmKYr dl´

Lay

criyaTaMgLay .

edIm|IlHbg´nUvBüa:Tç Gana:nsSti GñkKb|IcMerIn edIm|Ipþac´bg´

emþc/ .

etIkmμdðan EdlsmKYrdl´criyaenH y¨agdUc

CadMbUg kñúgkmμdðanTaMg 40 enaH kmμdðan 11 KÅ; GsuP

KÅGñkKb|IcMerIn

nUvvitk,;ç Gnic©sJ¦a

edIm|IlHbg´nUvraK;ç

emtþa

GñkKb|IcMerIn

KÅGñkKb|IcMerIn edIm|IKas´rMelIgGsμimanH³

10ç kayKtasti 1 Cakmμdðan smKYrdl´buK<lEdlCaraKcritç

dUecñH .

kmμdðan 8 KÅ RBhμvihar 4ç vNÑksiN 4 smKYr dl´buK<l

7 dl´RBHrahulEtmñak´ÉgKt´ edayn&yCaGaTi¾za ²mñalrahul

EdlCaeTascrit . Gana:nsStikmμdðan EtmYyb¨ueNÑaH smKYr

cUrGñkcMerInemtþaPavna³ dUecñH . eRBaHehtuenaH bNÐit minKYrtaMg

sUm|IkñúgrahulsURt k*RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´kmμdðan


visuTÆimK< ERb

255

256

kmμdðanK<hNnieTÞs

citþeC] kñúgehtuRtwmEtBaküeBal RtUvEtEsVgrkesckþIGZib|ay

Pik¡úenaH BicarNaeXIjza ²EnbNÐit Gñk:nRbKl´xøÜn cMeBaHRBH

kñúgTITaMgBYgpg .

BuTÆ kñúgézámunehIy minEmneTß³ dUecñH esckþIesamnsS k*nwg

enH KWCaesckþIvinicä&y

kñúgkmμdðankza

kñúg

bTza ²er[nykkmμdðan³ n@uH .

ekIteLIgPøam .

‘karer[nykkmμdðan’ ‘79’

eRb[bdUcCasMBt´ kñúgEdnkasI rbs´burs Ca

sMBt´mantémøeRcInç kalebIsMBt´enaH RtUvkNþúr ß knøat kekr

k*karsMEdgnUvesckþI énbTza ²er[nyk³ enH man

ehIyç esckþItUccitþ k*nwgekIteLIgdl´bursenaHç EtebIbursenaH

Kb|IcUleTArkklüaNmiRt man

Kb|IRbeKnsMBt´kasIenaH dl´Pik¡ú EdlminmancIvr tmk esckþI

RbkardUc:neBalmkehIy tamn&yEdlelakeBalehIy kñúg

rIkraycitþn@uHÉg Kb|IekIteLIgdl´bursenaH eRBaHeXIjsMBt´enaH

Baküza ²cUleTArkklüaNmiRt GñkonUvkmμdðan³ dUecñH ehIy

RtUvPik¡úrUbenaH kat´eZVICakMNat´tUc-ZM manóbmay¨agNaç bNÐit

RbKl´xøÜn

Kb|IRCabesckþIóbemyüenH k*y¨agenaHEdr .

dUcteTAenH .

RBHeyaKIenaH

cMeBaHRBHmanRBHPaK

ßk*

cMeBaHGacarü

CaGñkman

sUm|IPik¡ú RbKl´xøÜncMeBaHGacarü k*RtUveBalza ²«mahM

GZüaRs&y dl´RBmehIy nig CaGñkmanGZimutþi dl´RBmehIy sMukmμdðancuH .

Penþ GtþPavM tumØakM bric©Cami

‘karRbKl´xøÜn’ kñúgkarRbKl´xøÜnenaH

RBHeyaKI

Kb|IRbKl´xøÜn

cMeBaHRBH

manRBHPaKRBHBuTÆCam©as´ y¨agdUecñH za ²«mahM PKva GtþPavM

bBiRtRBHKuNm©as´d*cMerIn x\úMRBH

kruNa sUmRbKl´xøÜn cMeBaHRBHKuNm©as´³ dUecñH .

k*Pik¡ú Edl

min:nRbKl´xøÜn y¨agenHeT CaGñkKÅGacarü Kb|IKRmammin:nxøH CaGñkKÅGacarü RbedA:nedayRk mineZVItamOvaTxøH CaGñkEdl

tumØakM bric©Cami bBiRtRBHmanRBHPaK x\úMRBHkruNa sUmlHbg´

eTAtamGMeBIcitþ rbs´xøÜn minTan´laGacarüpg k*eTAkñúgTIEdlxøÜn

nUvGtþPaBenH cMeBaHRBHGg<³ dUecñH .

R:zñaxøHç Gacarüminse®g<aHnUvPik¡úrUbenaH edayGamisxøH eday

k*Pik¡ú kalminRbKl´xøÜn

y¨agenHeT enAkñúgesnasn;TaMgLayEdlsáat´ kalebIGarmμN¾ EdlKYroP&yxøac mkCYbKñaehIy k*minGacGt´RTaMenA:neT nwg sÞúHcuHeTAkan´Rsuk CaGñkRcbUkRcbl´ edayRKhsæ dl´nUvkar EsVgrkminsmKYr Kb|Idl´nUvesckþImincMerIn nig vinas . kalebIPik¡úenaH

:nRbKl´xøÜnehIyç

b¨uEnþ

kalebIGarmμN¾EdlKYro

P&yxøac mkCYbKñaehIy P&yk*minekIteLIg .

mYyeT[t kalebI

Zm(xøH TaMgminosikSanUvkarsikSaEdlmanGaz(kM:MgsμúKsμaj . Pik¡úenaH

kalmin:nnUvesckþIse®g<aH

2

y¨agenHeT

eQμaHza

min:nTIBwg kñúgRBHsasna minyUrb¨unμaneT k*nwgdl´nUvPaBCa GñkRTusþsIl ßk* PaBCaRKhsæ .

EtPik¡úGñkEdl:nRbKl´xøÜn

ehIy nwgminCaGñkEdlGacarü Kb|IKRmammin:n minCaGñkEdl eTAtamGMeBIcitþ

CaGñkEdleKRbedA:nedaygay CaGñkmankar


visuTÆimK< ERb RbRBwtþimYyGenøIedayGacarüCak´esþg .

257 Pik¡úenaH kal:nesckþI

258

kmμdðanK<hNnieTÞs ‘80’

cMENkkñúgBaküza

²CaGñkmanGZüaRs&y dl´RBm

se®g<aHTaMg 2 y¨ag GMBIGacarü rEmg:ndl´nUvesckþIrIkcMerIn

ehIy nig CaGñkmanGZimutþi dl´RBmehIy³ enH manvinicä&yza;

duHdal

RBHeyaKIenaH RtUvmanGZüaRs&ydl´RBmehIy edayGakar 6

lUtlas´

kñúgRBHsasna

dUcCaGenþvasik énRBH

cULbiNÐ:tiktisSetær y¨agenaHÉg . maner]gmkza bNþaPik¡úTaMg

3

edayGMNacKuNZm(manGelaP;CaedIm . k*RBHeyaKI Edlman

Pik¡ú 3 rUb nimnþmkkan´sMNak´RBHezr; .

rUbenaH

Pik¡úmYyrUb

eBalza

²bBiRtRBHKuN

GZüaRs&ydl´RBmehIyy¨agenH rEmg:ndl´nUvbNþaZm(eRK]g Rtas´dwg 3 y¨ag Zm(eRK]gRtas´dwg ÉNamYy .

dUcCaelak

m©as´d*cMerIn kalebIeBalza; edIm|IRbeyaCn¾ dl´RBHKuNm©as´

eBalehIyza; k*GZüaRs&yTaMgLay 6 rbs´RBHeBaZistVTaMg

dUecñHehIy x\úMRBHkruNa GacnwgZøak´cuHeTAkñúgeRCaHEdlmanRbEvg

Lay

100 énburs:n³ dUecñH .

:neBalza ²bBiRtRBH

RBHeBaZistVTaMgLay CaGñkmanGZüaRs&yminelaPln´ CaGñk

KuNm©as´d*cMerIn kalebIeBalza; edIm|IRbeyaCn¾ dl´RBHKuN

eXIjeTas kñúgesckþIelaPCaRbRktI 1ç RBHeBaZistVTaMgLay

m©as´ dUecñHehIy x\MúRBHkruNa kalRtdusnUvGtþPaBenH cab´taMg

CaGñkmanGZüaRs&yminRbTUsþ

GMBIekþaleCIgmk elIxñgénzμda GacnwgoGs´eTA minmaness

RbTUsþCaRbRktI 1ç RBHeBaZistVTaMgLay CaGñkmanGZüaRs&y

sl´:n³ dUecñH .

Pik¡úTI 3 :neBal za ²bBiRtRBHKuNm©as´

minvegVg CaGñkeXIjnUveTas kñúgesckþIvegVgCaRbRktI 1ç RBH

d*cMerIn kalebIeBalza; edIm|IRbeyaCn¾ dl´RBHKuNm©as´ dUecñH

eBaZistVTaMgLay CaGñkmanGZüaRs&y kñúgkarecjcakkam Ca

ehIy

nig

GñkeXIjeTas kñúgkarenARKb´RKgpÞHCaRbRktI 1ç RBHeBaZistV

RBHezr; Kitza ²Pik¡ú

TaMgLay CaGñkmanGZüaRs&yeBjcitþ kñúgesckþIsáat´ CaGñk

TaMgbIrUbenH CaPBVbuK<ledayBit³ dUecñHehIy eTIbR:b´kmμdðan .

eXIjnUveTas kñúgkarenARcbUkRcbl´ edayBYkCaRbRktI 1ç RBH

Pik¡úTaMgenaH fitenAkñúgOvaT rbs´RBHezr;enaHehIy k*:nseRmc

eBaZistVTaMgLay CaGñkmanGZüaRs&yeBjcitþ kñúgkarrlas´

RBHGrhtþTaMg 3 rUb .

xøÜnecjcakPB CaGñkeXIjnUveTas kñúgdMeNIreTAkan´PBTaMgBYg

x\úMRBHkruNa

Pik¡úTIBIr

GacnwgGt´sg,t´

nUvxül´GsSas;

bsSas; ehIyeZVIkalkiriya:n³ dUecñH .

enH KÅCaGanisgS kñúgkarRbKl´xøÜn .

eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbx\úMeBalza ²Kb|IRbKl´xøÜn cMeBaHRBHmanRBH PaK RBHBuTÆCam©as´ ßk* cMeBaHGacarü³ dUecñH . ‘GCÄasyZm( 6 y¨ag’

rEmgRbRBwtþeTA

edIm|IGb´rMbnÞMnUvZm(CaeRK]gRtas´dwg

CaGñkeXIjnUveTas

KÅ;

kñúgesckþI

CaRbRktI 1 . BitEmnehIy buK<lTaMgLayNa CaRBHesatabnñ CaRBH skTaKamI CaRBHGnaKamI CaRBHxINaRsB CaRBHbec©kBuTÆ nig


visuTÆimK< ERb

259

CaRBHsmμasm¬úTÆ Edlmanmk kñúgGtIt GnaKt buK<lTaMgLayTaMgBYgenaH

:ndl´nUvKuNviess

Kb|I:nseRmc edayGakarTaMg 6 enHÉg . RBHeyaKI

nig bc©úb|nñç EdlxøÜn

eRBaHehtudUecñaH

KYrCaGñkmanGZüaRs&yRbkbRBmehIy

edayGakar

260

kmμdðanK<hNnieTÞs

R:b´RKb´xN; Edl:nmkehIy>ç

‘3’

cMeBaHbuK<lEdler[n

ehIyR:zñacg´eTATIdéTeT[t Kb|IR:b´kMuoxøIeBkkMuoBisþareBk . kñúgcMeNamkmμdðanTaMgenaH CadMbUg kalnwgR:b´nUvkmμdðan KÅ bfvIksiN RtUvR:b´Gakar 9 enH

KÅ eTas rbs´ksiN 4ç

mYyeT[t RBHeyaKI KYrCaGñkdl´RBmehIy

kareZVIksiNç Pavnan&y rbs´ksiN EdleZVIehIyç nimitþ 2ç

edayGZimutþi edayPaBCaGñkmancitþbegÁancUleTA kñúgZm(enaH .

smaZi 2ç sb|ay; nig Gsb|ay; 7ç Gb|naekasl 10ç

GZib|ayza; Kb|ICaGñkmancitþbegÁancUleTA kñúgsmaZiç CaGñk

PaBRbRBwtþiesμIénvIriy;ç viZIcMerInGb|na . sUm|Ikñúgkmμdðand*ess

Zán´

CaGñkmancitþbegÁan

k*RtUvR:b´er]gd*smKYr dl´kmμdðanenaH > .

cUleTA kñúgRBHniBVanç CaGñkZán´ kñúgRBHniBVan nig CaGñkeQag

manR:kd kñúgPavnaviZI énkmμdðanTaMgenaH .

TaMg 6 RbkarenH .

kñúgsmaZiç

CaGñkeQageTArksmaZiç

viZITaMgGs´enaH nwg

k*kalebIGacarüR:b´kmμdðany¨agenH RBHeyaKIenaHKb|Isþab´

eTArkRBHniBVan . k*criya rbs´RBHeyaKIenaH EdlCaGñkmanGZüaRs&y nig

cab´yknimitþo:n .

Baküza ²cab´yknimitþ³ enH manesckþI

GZimutþidl´RBmehIy y¨agdUecñH sUmnUvkmμdðanç GacarüEdlCa

za ²cUleTAcgP¢ab´nUvGakarenaH> y¨agdUecñHza; enH CabTxag

Gñk:nnUvecetabriyJ¦aN BinitüemIlvar;citþehIyKb|Idwg:n .

eRkamç enH CabTxagelIç enH CaesckþIénbTenaHç enH CaesckþI

GacarüeRkAenH RtUvsYr edayn&yCaGaTi¾ y¨agdUecñHza ²etIGñkman

GZib|ayç enH CaBaküóbma³ dUecñH .

critdUcemþc/ ß Zm(y¨agdUcemþc RbRBwtþeTA CaeRcIndl´Gñk/ ßza

sþab´edayeKarB cab´yknimitþ:n y¨agenHehIy eQμaHza er[n

kalebIGñkeZVITukkñúgcitþ etIkmμdðanGVICaTIsb|aydl´Gñk/ ßk* citþ

ykkmμdðan:ny¨aglÁehIy . eRkaymk kar:nnUvKuNviess

rbs´GñkbegÁancUleTA kñúgkmμdðanmYyNa/³ dUecñH eTIbdwg:n .

nwgseRmcdl´RBHeyaKIenaH eRBaHGaRs&ynUvkmμdðan EdlxøÜn:n

luHGacarüdwg dUecñHehIy Kb|IR:b´kmμdðand*smKYr dl´criya .

er[nlÁehIyenaHçmin:nseRmc dl´buK<ldéTeRkABIenHeLIy .

k*kalnwgR:b´ RtUvR:b´edayviZI 3 y¨ag KÅ; ‘1’ cMeBaHbuK<l Edler[nkmμdðan tamRbRktI Kb|IoGg<úyeZVIkarsVaZüay mYydg BIrdg ehIyswmoç

‘2’ cMeBaHbuK<lEdlenA kñúgsMNak´ RtUv

eRBaHza kalebIRBHeyaKI

enH CaBaküsMEdg nUvesckþIénbT za ²er[nyk³ enH . bTTaMgLayenH za

²cUleTArkklüaNmiRtehIy

ykkmμdðanÉNamYy kñúgcMeNamkmμdðan 40

er[n

EdlsmKYr dl´


visuTÆimK< ERb

261

criyarbs´xøÜn³ dUecñH CabTEdlx\úM‘:neZVI’ oBisþarehIy eday GakarTaMgBYg edaykzamK< manRbmaNb¨ueNÑHÉg . briecäT TI3 eQμaH kmμdðanK<hNnieTÞs kñúgGZikarénsmaZiPavna kñúgKm¬IrvisuTÆimK< Edlx\úMrcnaehIy edIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´:emaC¢;énsaZuCn edayRbkary¨agenHÉg .

♣ x ♣

er[ber[gcb´ ézáGg<ar 12 erac ExPRTbT BÇsÇ 2539 RtUvnwgézáTI 8 tula 1996 em¨ag 3;20 naTI láac

bfvIksiNnieTÞs

262

‘81’ «LÚvenH bNÐit Kb|IRCabvinicä&y kñúgBaküEdlx\úM:n eBalehIyenHza ²RBHeyaKI GñklHbg´nUvvihar EdlminsmKYr

dl´karcMerInsmaZiecalehIy GaRs&yenA kñúgviharEdlsmKYr³ dUcteTAenH ; CadMbUg kalRBHeyaKIrUbNa GaRs&yenAkñúgvihar 1 Ca mYynwgGacarü

manesckþIsuxsb|ayç

RBHeyaKIrUbenaH

CRmHnUvkmμdðan k*KYrGaRs&yenA kñúgviharenaHÉgcuHç esckþIsuxsb|ay

kñúgviharenaHeTç

vihardéTeT[t

kal

ebIminman EdlCaTI

sb|ay manenAkñúgTIRbEvg 1 Kavut ß knøHeyaCn¾ ßk*sUm|IRtwm EtmYyeyaCn¾k*eday k*KYrGaRs&yenAkñúgviharenaHcuH . eRBaHza kalebIGaRs&yenA y¨agdUecñHç kalebImanesckþIsgS&y ß ekIt manesckþIePøcPøaMgsti

kñúgkmμdðanEpñkNamYyehIy

nwg:neZVI

vtþ kñúgvihar taMgGMBIRBwkRBlwmehIyRtac´eTAbiNÐ:t kñúgcenøaH pøÚv eTAdl´TIlMenArbs´Gacarü kñúgeBlqan´P&tkic©rYcehIy CRmH nUvkmμdðan kñúgsMNak´Gacarü kñúgézáenaH luHdl´RBwkeLIg zVay bg<MGacarü ecjeTAbiNÐ:t kñúgcenøaHpøÚv kalminTan´ht´en]y eT k*Gacmkkan´TIlMenA rbs´xøÜn:n .

cMENkRBHeyaKIrUbNa

min:nnUvTIkEnøgEdlsuxsb|ay sUm|IkñúgTIRbmaNmYyeyaCn¾ç RBHeyaKIenaH RtUvkat´TIEdlBkdMu ‘eTIrTak´’ TaMgGs´ kñúgkmμdðan ecjehIy eZVIkmμdðan EdlCab´Tak´TgnwgkarBicarNa Edlman esckþIlÁbrisuTÆehIy eTAoqáay lHbg´nUvviharEdlminsmKYr


visuTÆimK< ERb

263

dl´karcMerInsmaZiecalehIy GaRs&yenAkñúgvihard*smKYrcuH . ‘viharEdlminsmKYr’ kñúgviharEdlminsmKYr nig viharEdlsmKYrTaMg 2 y¨ag enaH viharEdlRbkbehIy edayeTas 18 Rbkar eTasNamYy eQμaHza viharEdlminsmKYr

.

kñúgesckþIenaH eTasTaMgLay 18 RbkarenH KÅ ;

264

bfvIksiNnieTÞs ‘15’ bc©nþsnñisSitta

viharEdlenAkñúgbc©nþRKamç

‘16’ rC¢sImnþrsnñisSitta viharEdlenAkñúgcenøaHRBMEdnç ‘17’ Gsb|ayta

viharEdlminCaTIsb|ayç

‘18’ klüaNmitþanM GlaePa

viharEdlrkklüaNmiRt

min:n . vihar EdlRbkbehIy

edayeTas 18

RbkarenH

eTas

‘1’

mhnþtMþ

viharZMç

NamYYy eQμaHza viharminsmKYrç RBHeyaKI minRtUvenAkñúgvihar

‘2’

nvtþM

vihareTIbksagzμIç

enaHeT . eRBaHehtuGVI/ .

‘3’

CiNÑtþM

viharcas´:k´Ebkç

‘4’

bnæsnñisSittþM viharenAEk|rpøÚvZøaç

‘5’

esaNÐw

viharmanRtBaMgTwkç

‘6’

bNÑM

viharsm|ÚredaysøwkeQIbEnøç

‘7’

buböM

viharsm|Úredayp,aeQIç

‘8’

plM

viharsm|ÚredayEpøeQIç

‘9’ bdðnIyta

viharEdleKRtUvkarcuHcUleRcInç

‘10’ nKrsnñisSitta

viharEdlenAkñúgTIRkugç

‘11’ TarusnñisSitta

viharEdlenAEk|éRBeQIósç

‘12’ extþsnñisSitta

viharEdlGaRs&yenAEk|rERsç

‘13’ visPaKanM buK<lanM Gtæita viharEdlmanbuK<lxus

‘14’ bdþnsnñisSitta

‘mhnþtþM’ CadMbUg kñúgviharZM Pik¡úTaMgLayeRcInrUb manqnÞ;epSg> Kña rYmRbCMuKña .

Pik¡úTaMgenaH mineZVIvtþdl´KñanwgKña eRBaHPaBCaGñk

mankarxuscitþKMnitKña . TIbrievNTaMgLay manTIlanedImeBaZi¾ CaedIm CaTIEdlmin:ne:sehIyç TwksMrab´qan´ nig TwksMrab´ eRbIR:s´ k*min:ntaMgTukeLIy .

kñúgviharenaH Pik¡úenH Kitza

²Gj nwgRtac´eTAbiNÐ:t kñúgeKacrRKam³ dUecñH k*kan´:Rt nig cIvrecjeTA ebIeXIjkic©vtþEdlminTan´eZVI ßk* BagTwkqan´ k*TeTç kalebIdUecñaH kic©vtþenaH Cakic©vtþEdlPik¡úenaHRtUveZVIç TwksRmab´ qan´ k*Pik¡úenaH RtUvdgdak´Tuk . kalPik¡ú mineZVIRtUvGabtþi eRBaH vtþePT .

kalebIPik¡úenaHeZVIkic©vtþenaH evlak*knøgeTA . Pik¡úenaH

cUleTA‘pÞH’ézáhYs kalebIPik¡a Gs´ehIy k*min:nvtæúGVIeLIy .

EbøkepSgBIKñaç

sUm|IPik¡úenaH CaGñkeKcecjBIBYkehIysmáMenA k*nwgraymaycitþ

viharEdlenAEk|rkMBg´cMNtç

edaysMeLgKwkkg rbs´sameNr nig Pik¡úkemøaHTaMgLay nig


visuTÆimK< ERb edayGMeBIKWkareb[teb[nTaMgLay .

265

‘nvtþM’

R:b´za

²sUmelakd*manGayu

nvkmμ³ dUecñHç

‘esaNÐw’ RsHe:k¡rNI Edlmanzμda eQμaHza RtBaMgTwkç kñúgvihar EdlmanRtBaMgTwkenaH mhaCn EtgmkdgTwksMrab´pwk . BYk

kñúgviharEbbenH sUm|ICaviharZMM Pik¡úk*KYrenA:n .

eTasnUvPik¡úEdlmineZVI‘nvkmμ’ .

bfvIksiNnieTÞs

EtkñúgmhaviharNa kic©vtþ

TaMgGs´Cakic©vtþEdleKeZVIehIyç sUm|IkarrMxandéTeT[t k*minman

kñúgviharzμI karksagmaneRcIn .

266

GenþvasikénRBHezr; kñúgraCRtkUl EdlenAGaRs&y kñúgvtþ kñúg buK<lTaMgLay EtgelIk

EtkñúgviharzμINa Pik¡úTaMgLay eZVIsmNZm(cuH

eyIgnwgeZVInUv

kúñgviharzμIdUecñH Pik¡úKYrenAGaRs&y:n .

TIRkug nwgmkedIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´karRClk´ .

sYrnUveRK]geRbIR:s´manPaCn;ç ós nig sñÚkCaedImç Pik¡úRtUvEt bgØajR:b´ za ; kñúgTIÉeNaH nig kñúgTIÉeNaH .

‘bNÑM’

cMENkÉkñúgviharcas´ rbs´rbrEdlRtUvEzTaM maneRcIn . Pik¡úEdlminEzTaMsUm|IRtwmEtesnasn;

Pik¡úTaMgLay k*elIkeTasEdr .

rbs´xøÜn

kalebIPik¡ú ‘rvl´’ EtrkSaEzTaM

‘bnæsnñisSittþM’

ebIRBHeyaKIenaH evlaézá

sUm|Ier[nkmμdðanehIy

kñúgviharenaHç

kalebIPikú¡

cMENkkñúgviharÉNa

eTAenAGaRs&yeRkamKl´eQI ßk* elIpÞaMgénzμdaç sUm|Idl´EsÁk

y¨agdUecñaH:nEdr .

nwgmkeRc[gbeNþIr

Pik¡úKYrenAGaRs&y kñúgviharEdlfit

manKum¬eQImanp,a

sUm|IkñúgviharenaH

manRbkarepSg>

k*manesckþIGnþray

‘plM’

eRBaHehtuenH Okas ‘eZVI’ kmμdðan

k*minman . EtkñúgviharEdlenAEk|rpøÚvZøaNa esckþIcegÁ{t eday

enAEk|rpøÚvZøaenaH:n .

enAkñúg

‘buböM’

manp,arIks<úss<aylÁç

GaKnþúkPik¡úEbbenHminmaneTç

BYk®sþIEdlebHbEnø

Pik¡ú

TaMgenaH mkkñúgevlavikal Pik¡úRtUvEtoesnasn; rbs´xøÜnehIy

eLIg k*enAEteZVIdUecñaHdEdl

Gg<úysRmak

edaykarrMxan edaysMeLgEdlCavisPaK .

KÅviharEdlenAEk|rpøÚvZM

GaKnþúk;TaMgLay EtgmkRbCMuKña TaMgézáTaMgyb´ .

kñúgviharNa mansøwkeQIEdlCabEnømanRbkarepSg> kal

ebHsøwkeQIbEnøbeNþIr enAkñúgTICit> rEmgeZVIGnþray dl´kmμdðan

‘esnasn;enaH’ç kmμdðan k*sabsUnüeTA .

kñúgviharEdlenAEk|rpøÚvZøa

karCYyxVl´

xVayCanic© nwgman rhUtRKb´eBlevla y¨agdUecñH .

‘CiNÑtþM’

edayehaceTA

kalebIPik¡úTaMgenaH

kñúgviharNa manEpøeQImanRbkarepSg> dUcCaEpøsVayç Epø Cm¬Úç EpøxñúrCaedImç kñúgviharenaH mnusSGñkRtUvkarEpøeQITaMgLay nwgmksUmç

kalebIRBHeyaKI minoeTç

BYkeKnwgeRkaZxwg

ßk*


visuTÆimK< ERb

267

268

bfvIksiNnieTÞs

nwgebHyk edayeZVItamkmøaMg . kñúgevlaláac Pik¡úenaH edIrc®g,m

ebHp,aeQIdUc:neBalehIy kñúger]gxagedIm . mnusSTaMgLay

Rtg´kNþalvihar eXIjmnusSTaMgenaHehIy sYrza ²Enó:sk

KitKñaza ²BYkeyIgnwgkat´edImeQITaMgLay EdlmanenAkñúgvihar

nig ó:sikaTaMgLay eRBaHehtuGVI

mkeZVICapÞH³ dUecñHehIy k*naMKñamkkat´ç

ehIy

mnusSTaMgenaH

nwgeCrsþI

BYkGñkeZVIy¨agenH/³ dUecñH tamEtGMeBIcitþ

TaMgBüayam

ecjmkGMBIxÞm sRmab´bMeBjesckþIBüayam edIrc®g,m enARtg´ kNþalvihareXIjmnusSTaMgenaHehIyeBalza ²Enó:sk nig

edIm|IminoPik¡úenaH GaRs&yenAEzmeT[t . ‘bdðnIyta’ ÉPik¡úEdlenA

ebIeBlláac RBHeyaKI

ó:sikaTaMgLay eRBaHehtuGVI :nCaBYkGñkeZVIy¨agenH/³ dUecñHç

kñúgviharEdleKRtUvkarcuHcUleRcIn

KÅvihar

EdlelakEtgtaMgo dUcCaTk¡iNaKirIviharç htæikucäiviharç ectiy

mnusSTaMgenaH nwgeCrRbeTc tamEtcitþR:zña nwgBüayammino RBHeyaKIenaHenAEzmeT[t . ‘extþsnñisSitta’

KirIvihar nig citþlbBVtvihar mnusSTaMgLayelIktem,IgsresIr za ²Pik¡úenH CaRBHGrhnþ³ dUecñHehIy R:zñanwgzVaybgM< k*hUrmk

ÉviharNa manenAEk|rTIERs B&TÆCMuvijedayERsTaMgLay

cuHcUl edayCMuvij eRBaHehtuenaH esckþIsux eTIbminman dl´

kñúgviharenaH BYkmnusS eZVIlanbJ¢an´RsUv enARtg´kNþalvtþn@uH

Pik¡úenaH .

Ég halRsUvenAcMBImuxvtþ nwgeZVIesckþIminsb|aydéTeT[t Ca

EtviharenaH CaTIsb|aydl´RBHeyaKINaç RBHeyaKI

enaH RtUveTAkñúgTIdéT kñúgevlaézáç kñúgevlayb´ KYreTAenAcuH . ‘nKrsnñisSitta’

eRcIn . sUm|IkñúgviharNa manePaKsm|tþi rbs´sg¹CaeRcInç BYkGaramikCn hamhVÚgeKa énRtkUlTaMgLay Tb´pøÚvTwkç BYk

kñúgviharEdlenAkñúgTIRkug visPaKarmμN¾TaMgLay Etgmk

mnusSkan´TgRsUv eTAbgØajdl´RBHsg¹za ²sUmelakm©as´TaMg

kan´nUvrgVg´‘énck¡úCaedIm’ç sUm|IBYknagkumÖTasI k*edIrmk b¨HTg<ic

Lay emIlnUvkargarrbs´ejamvtþ énelakm©as´TaMgLaypgcuH³

KñanwgkÁmTwkTaMgLay minRBmeC[sebIkpøÚvoEdrç sUm|IBYkmnusS

dUecñHç eRBaHehtuenaH RBHeyaKIenaH RtUvEteTAkan´TVarénRBHraCvaMg

EdlCa«sSrCn

nig

k*mk:MgvaMgnn Gg<úyenARtg´kNþalvihar . ‘TarusnñisSitta’

cMENkkñúgvihar

EdlenAEk|réRBeQIós

TVarpÞHénraCmhaGamatüç

sUm|Ivihar

EdlmanePaKsm|tþi

rbs´sg¹d*eRcInenH k*se®g<aHcUlCamYynwgvihar EdlenAEk|r TI KÅkñúgviharEdl

ERs :ndUcKñaEdr . ‘visPaKanM buK<lanM Gtæita’

maneQIós nig edImeQIsRmab´eRbIeZVIeRK]gpÞH mnusSGñkrkós TaMgLay nwgeZVIesckþIminsb|ay dUcCaBYkGñkebHbEnø nig Gñk

Baküza

²Pav;énvihar EdlmanbuK<lxusEbøkGMBIKña³ man


visuTÆimK< ERb vinicä&yza;

kñúgviharNa

269

Pik¡úTaMgLayEdlCavisPaK

swksRtUvdl´KñanwgKña enAGaRs&yç

KÅEdlCa

Pik¡úTaMgLayNa eZVIkar

270

bfvIksiNnieTÞs

raCkarTaMgLay sm<al´za ²Pik¡úrUbenH Cacarburs³ dUecñH nwgeZVI odl´nUvesckþIvinasGnþray . ‘Gsb|ayta’

eQøaHTas´ETgnwgKña RtUvRBHeyaKI hamR:mza ²bBiRtelakGñk d*cMerInTaMgLay sUmelakTaMgLay kMueZVIy¨agenHGI³ dUecñH Pik¡ú

Baküza ²Pav;énviharEdlminCaTIsb|ay³ manvinicä&y za;

TaMgenaH nwgCaGñkeBaltb za ²taMgGMBIeBlEdlPik¡úGñkRbRBwtþ

Pav;énvihar

bMsukUlCavtþenHmk ‘enA’ BYkeyIgCaGñkvinasehIy³ dUecñH .

nUvvisPaKarmμN¾manrUbCaedIm ß eRBaHCaTIEdlGmnusShYgEhg

‘bdþnsnñisSitta’

ehIy .

eQμaHza

minCaTIsb|ay

eRBaHCaTIEdlRbmUlpþMú

kñúgviharenaH maner]genH ‘CaóTahrN¾’ .

ÉviharNa enACab´nwgkMBg´Twk ß kMBg´pøÚveKakç kñúgvihar

maner]gdMNalmkza RBHezr;mYyGg<GaRs&yenAkñúgéRB .

enaH BYkmnusSEdlmker]y> tamnava nig tamreTHTaMgLay

RKaenaH nagyk¡inImYy QreRc[genAEk|rTVarbNÑsala rbs´RBH

rEmgeb[teb[n eZVIesckþIminsb|ay edayBaküza ²sUmelak

ezr;enaH .

TaMgLay onUvOkas onUvTwkpwk onUvGMbil³ .

enaH mkeRc[genARtg´edImTIc®g,mn¾ .

‘bc©nþsnñisSitta’

RBHezr;enaHecjmkQrenARtg´mat´TVar . nagyk¡inI RBHezr; :neTAkan´edIm

énTIc®g,mn¾ . nagyk¡inIenaH k*eTAQreRc[genARtg´mat´eRCaHeRCA

cMENkkñúgvihar EdlenACab´nwgCayEdn mnusSTaMgLay CaGñkminRCHzøaehIy kñúgRBHrtnéRtmanRBHBuTÆCaedIm .

RbEvgmYyryCYrénburs . RBHezr; k*RtLb´mkvij . eBlenaH nagyki¡nIenaH k*Rbjab´mkcab´RBHezr;enaH ehIyERskza ²En

‘rC¢sImnþrsnñisSitta’

evIy mnusSdUcCaGñkÉg eyIgminEmnsIuEtmñak´BIrnak´eT³ dUecñH . ‘klüaNmitþanM GlaePa’

kñúgviharEdlenAcenøaHRBMEdn raCP&ynwgman . eRBaHza RBH raCamYyGg< RTg´Rtas´za ²TIkEnøgenH minTan´:nRbRBwtþeTA kñúg

Baküza ²viharEdlrkklüaNmiRtmin:n³ esckþIza kñúg

GMNacrbs´Gj³ dUecñHehIy k*vayykTIkEnøgenaH . ÉRBHraCa

viharNa RBHeyaKI minGacrkGacarü ß Pik¡úEdlesμInwgGacarü

mYYyGg<epSgeT[t RTg´Rtas´za ²TIkEnøgenH minTan´Zøak´mk elI

RBHóbCÄay¾ ßk* Pik¡úEdlesμInwgRBHóbCÄay¾ EdlCaklüaN

GMNacrbs´Gj³ dUecñHehIy k*vayykTIkEnøgenaH .

miRt:neTç karmin:n nUvklüaNmiRtenaH kñúgviharenaH man

kñúgvihar

enaH Pik¡úenH eBlxøH Rtac´eTAkñúgEdndIRBHraCaGg<enHç eBlxøH k*Rtac´eTA kñúgEdndI énRBHraCaGg<déTeT[t .

kalebIdUecñaH Gñk

eTasZMEmnBit . vihar EdlRbkbRBmehIy

edayeTasTaMg 18 RbkarenH


visuTÆimK< ERb

271

eTasNamYy bNÐit Kb|IRCabza viharEdlminsmKYr . EmnBit

kñúgGdðkzaTaMgLay elakeBalKazaB&nÆenH za ;

bNÐitdwgnUvTITaMgLay 18 y¨agenH KWGavasEdl ZM 1ç GavasEdlzμI 1ç GavasEdlcas´RKaMRKa 1ç GavasEdlenAEk|rpøÚv 1ç GavasEdlmanRtBaMgTwk 1ç GavasEdlmansøwkeQIbEnø 1ç

GavasEdl

manp,aeQI 1ç GavasEdlmaneQImanEpø1ç Gavas EdlmnusScuHcUl 1ç

GavasEdlenAkñúgTIRkug 1ç

GavasEdlenAEk|réRBeQIós 1ç Ek|rERs 1ç

GavasEdlmanPik¡úxusepSgGMBIKña 1ç

GavasEdlenAEk|rkMBg´Twk 1ç bc©nþRKam 1ç

GavasEdlenA

GavasEdlenAkñúg

GavasEdlenA kñúgcenøaHRBMEdn 1ç

GavasEdlminCaTIsb|ay 1ç

GavasEdlrkmiRt

min:n 1 dUecñHehIy Kb|IeC[svago:nqáay dUc CabuK<leC[svagpøÚv

EdlmanP&ycMeBaHmux

y¨ag

dUecñaHÉg .

272

bfvIksiNnieTÞs

emþc/ mñalPik¡úTaMgLay esnasn;kñúgsasnaenH Caesnasn; EdlminqáayeBk minCiteBk edIreTAmkRsYl eBlézá minRcLÚk RcLM eBlyb´ sáat´ minman»sUrsMeLg ERskCECkKña R:s caksmösSénre:mç mUsç xül´ç kMedAézáç nig Bs´tUc Bs´ZMç k*ebIPik¡úenAkñúgesnasn;enaHç

cIvrç

biNÐ:tç

esnasn;

nig

Kiløanbc©yePsC¢brik¡arTaMgLay rEmgekIteLIgedayminlM:k eLIy .

mYyeT[t Pik¡úTaMgLay EdlCaRBHezr; CaBhusSÚt

sÞat´CMnajkñúgRBHbriytþi RTRTg´Zm(RTRTg´RBHvin&y RTRTg´matika rEmgenA kñúgesnasn;enaHç

Pik¡ú cUleTArkRBHezr;TaMgenaH tam

kald*smKYrehIy saksYrza ²bBiRtRBHKuNm©as´d*cMerIn bT enH etIdUcemþc/ esckþIénbTenH etIdUcemþc/³ dUecñHç RBHezr; d* manGayuTaMgenaH

rEmgebIkbgØaj

nUvZm(EdlminTan´:nebIk

bgØaj rEmgeZVIZm(EdlRCaleRCA orak´mkvij nig benÞabg´nUv esckþIsgS&y kñúgZm(TaMgLay EdlKYrosgS&ymaneRcIn Ca Genkç mñalPik¡úTaMgLay esnasn; RbkbedayGg< 5 y¨ag dUecñHÉg³ .

enHCaesckþIBisþar kñúgBaküenHza ²lHbg´nUvvihar

EdlminsmKYr dl´karcMerInsmaZi ehIyenAGaRs&y kñúgvihar ‘viharEdlsmKYr’

cMENkviharNa RbkbedayGg< 5 manviharEdlminqáay

EdlsmKYr³ dUecñH . ‘karpþac´bg´blieBaZtUc>’

eBk minCiteBk GMBIeKacrRKamCaedImç viharenH eQμaHza vihar

Rtg´Edlza ²RtUvpþac´bg´nUvblieBaZtUc>³ enH bNÐit Kb|I

EdlsmKYr . smdUcRBHtRmas´EdlRBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´

RCabesckþIvinicä&y dUcteTA; RBHeyaKIEdlenAGaRs&y kñúgvihar

za ²mñalPik¡úTaMgLay k*esnasn;RbkbedayGg< 5 etIy¨agdUc

d*smKYr y¨agenH Kb|Ipþac´bg´blieBaZTaMgLaytUc> Edlman


visuTÆimK< ERb

273

274

bfvIksiNnieTÞs

dl´xøÜnTaMgenaHecaloGs´ . blieBaZtUc>enaH etIdUcemþcxøH/.

Pik¡úenaH eZVInimitþenaH o:nenACab´lÁ BicarNao:nlÁ kMNt´

KÅ; sk´Evgç RkckEvgç eramEvg RtUvkat´ecjç RtUveZVIomaM ß eZVI

cMNaM o:nRtwmRtUvç Pik¡úenaH luHeZVInimitþenaH o:nenACab´lÁ

karb¨H kñúgcIvrEdlcas´RKaMRKaTaMgLay ßk* RtUvRClk´cIvrEdl

ehIy BicarNa kMNt´o:nlÁ RtwmRtUvehIy CaGñkeXIjnUv

esAhμgoehIyç

esnasn;

GanisgS CaGñkmanesckþIsm<al´ za Cartn; ehIy cab´epþIm

manERK nig taMgCaedIm RtUvCRmHo:nsÁatlÁ . enH CaesckþI

nUvesckþIekatERkg RbRBwtþRsLaj´ cUlcitþ cgcitþoCab´ kñúg

Bisþar kñúgBaküza ²®tUvpþac´bg´nUvblieBaZtUc>³ enH .

GarmμN¾enaH edayeC]c|as´ za ²GatμaGj nwgrYcputGMBICra nig

ebIkñúg:RtmanERcH

RtUvdutecjç

‘vitæarkzaénPavnaviZI’ ‘82’

mrN; edaybdibTaenHEmnBit³ dUecñHç Pik¡úenaH sáat´cakkamTaMg

karBN(naenH CakarBN(naya¨gBisþar kñúgBaküEdl

LayEmnBit .l. sMerccUldl´bfmQanehIy³ dUecñHÉg .

²RBHeyaKI minRtUvjúaMgPavnaviZITaMgBYg osabsUnü cMerIn

RBHeyaKavcr ÉNa Zøab´bYskñúgRBHsasna ßk* bYsCa

smaZicuH³ enH edayGMNackmμdðanTaMgBYg cab´taMgBIbfvIksiN

tabs«sI júaMgctuk,CÄan ß bJ©k,CÄan oekIteLIgehIy kñúg

CaedImeLIgeTA kñúgeBl«LÚvenH .

bfvIksiN sUm|IkúñgGtItPBç nimitþ kñúgdIEdlmin:neZVITukehIy

za

kñúgBaküEdlelak:neBalehIyenaH

‘bfvIksiN’

KÅkñúgTIEdleK:nP¢Ür

esckþIBisþarza Pik¡úEdl:npþac´bg´blieBaZtUc> y¨agenH

ehIy ßk* kñúgmNÐlénTIlanbJ¢an´RsUv rEmgekIteLIg dl´RBH

eRscehIy RtLb´mkBIbiNÐ:tehIy eRkayeBlP&tþkic© benÞa

eyaKavcrenaH EdlCaGñkmanbuNübribUN(ehIyedayóbnisS&y

bg´nUvkarRsvwghl´ kñúgGaharehIy Gg<úyo:nsb|ay kñúg

dUcCaRBHmløketær y¨agdUecñaH .

OkasEdlsáb´sáat´ Kb|Ikan´yknimitþ kñúgdIEdl:neZVITukehIy

:n»mkza kalebIelakd*manGayuGg<enaH RkeLkemIlTI

ßk* min:neZVITukehIyk*:n . EmnBit BaküenH elak:neBal

‘ERs’EdleKP¢ÜrehIyç nimitþ TMhMb¨unTI‘ERs’enaH k*:nekIteLIg.

ehIyza ²RBHeyaKavcr Gñker[nykbfvIksiN rEmgkan´yk

RBHezr;enaH BRgIknimitþenaH

nimitþ kñúgdIEdl:neZVITukehIy ß min:neZVITukehIy CadIEdl

vibsSna EdlmanQanCabTdðanehIy k*:nsMercRBHGrhtþ .

manTIbMput minEmnminmanTIbMput mankMNt´minEmnminmankMNt´

cMENkRBHeyaKavcrNa CaGñkmin:neZVIbuJ¦aZikarTuk y¨ag

manragmUl minEmnminmanragmUl manTIbMputedayCMuvij minEmn

enHeTç

minmanTIbMput edayCMuvij manTMhMb¨uncegÁr

ehIy

ßk* manTMhMb¨uncanç

júaMgbJ©k,CÄan oekIteLIg cMerIn

RBHeyaKavcrenaH

minKYreZVIkmμdðanviZI

kñúgsMNak´énGacarü oxusPøat´eLIy

EdlxøÜn:ner[n ev[rcakeTas én


visuTÆimK< ERb

275

276

bfvIksiNnieTÞs

ksiN 4 Rbkarecj Kb|IeZVIksiNcuH . k*eTasénbfvIksiN

RKan´eT RtUvykrbs´déTdak´xageRkamehIy eZVIvg´ksiN oman

man 4 Rbkar edayGMNacénkarlayLMedaydI manBN(ex[vç

ragmUlRbEvg TTwg 1 cMGam 4 Zñab´ edaydIEdlmanBN( dUcCa

dIBN(el]gç dIBN(Rkhm nig dIBN(-s . eRBaHehtuenaH RBH

RBHGruN Edl:nlagsÁatlÁehIyBÆd*xagelI . EmnBit Bakü

eyaKavcr minRtUvykdIsÁit

za ²manTMhMb¨uncegÁr ß manTMhMb¨uncan³ elakeBalsMedAyk

EdlmanBN(layedayBN(ex[v

cMENkBaküza ²CadIEdl

CaedIm Kb|IeZVIksiN edaydIsÁitEdlmanBN(dUcCaBN( énRBH

nUvRbmaN 1 cMGam 4 Zñab´n@uHÉg .

GruN dUcCadIsÁit kñúgépÞénTenøKg<a . k*ksiNenaHÉg minRtUveZVI

manTIbMput minEmnCadIEdlminmanTIbMput³ dUecñHCaedIm elak

kñúgTICaTIRtac´eTA

énGnubsm|nñTaMgLay

enAcMkNþalvihareLIy .

mansameNrCaedIm

EtKYreZVI kñúgTIEdlbiT:Mg Rtg´Cay

eBalehIy edIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´karkMNt´bfvInimitþenaH . eRBaH ehtuenaH RBHeyaKavcrkulbuRt eZVIvg´ksiN o:nCaxñat man

Ednénvihar kñúgjkPñM ßk* kñúgbNÑsala eZVIoeTACarbs´Edl

RbmaN

rMkil:n ßk* eZVIoenACab´nwgkEnøgenaH k*:n .

minesμI oekIteLIg edaysøabRBa:yGEdleZVIBIeQI .

‘viZIeZVIksiNEdlrMkil:n’

dUc:neBalmkenHehIy

júaMgBN(EdlmancMENk eRBaH

ehtuenaH RBHeyaKavcr minRtUvyksøabRBa:yGenaH RtUvyk

kñúgvg´ksiNTaMg2 y¨agenaH vg´ksiNEdlrMkil:n Kb|I

søabRBaeZVIBIzμ RtduseZVI o:nrabesμI dUcCaépÞéns<r e:sTI

cgnUvkMNat´sMBt´cas´ kMNat´Es|k ßk* kMNat´kenÞl P¢ab´nwg

kEnøgenaH eTAgUtTwkehIy RtUvmkvij Gg<úyelItaMgEdl:ner[b

beg<aleQI 4 ehIyykdIEdl:nerIsykb\sesμAç dMuRkYs nig

cMlÁeRscehIy maneCIgkMBs´ 1 cMGam 4 Zñab´ EdlxøÜn:ner[b

dIxSac´ecjGs´ehIy Rc:c´lÁehIy mklabeZVICavg´mUl man

TukehIy kñúgTIkEnøgEdlmancenøaH 2 htæ 1 cMGam GMBImNÐl

TMhM

ksiN .

dUc:neBalmkehIy

enAelIkMNat´sMBt´

kMNat´Es|k

eRBaHza ebIRBHeyaKI Gg<úyqáayCagenaH ksiN nwg

nig kMNat´kenÞlEdl:ncgTukenaH . vg´ksiNEdlrMkil:n

minR:kdeLIy . ebIGg<úyenACitCagenaH eTas rbs´ksiN

enaHkñúgeBlbrikmμ RtUvRkalorabelIEpndIehIysMLwgemIlcuH.

nwgR:kdc|as´ .

‘viZIeZVIksiNEdlenAnwgkEnøg’

mYyeT[t RBHeyaKIGg<úyx¬s´eBk nwgRtUvOn-

k sMLwgemIl . Gg<úyTabeBk k|alCg<g´nwgQW .

eRBaHehtu

RtUve:Hbeg<alTaMg

enaH RBHeyaKIRtUvGg<úy tamn&yEdl:neBalmkehIyEtmü¨ag

Lay kñúgEpndI edayGakardUcCaRtbkQUkehIy ykvløiTaMg

ehIy BicarNaeTas kñúgkamTaMgLay edayn&ymanCaGaTi¾za

Lay mkcgepÁabeRscehIyeZVIcuH .

²kamTaMgLay

vg´ksiN

EdlenACab´nwgkEnøgenaH

ebIsinCadIenaH

minRKb´

manesckþIeRtkGr manRbmaNtic³ dUecñH ekIt


visuTÆimK< ERb esckþIeBjcitþ

kñúgenk¡mμ;

277

EdlCaeRK]grlas´xøÜnecjcakkam

Caó:yknøgputBIesckþITuk¡TaMgBYg:n

júaMgbIti

nig

:emaC¢;

278

bfvIksiNnieTÞs

dUcCabfvIç mhIç emZnIç PUmiç vsuZaç vsunÆra dUecñHCaedImç EpndI eQμaHNa smKYrdl´sJ¦a rbs´RBHeyaKIenaHç eQμaHenaH RBH Etza eQμaHenHÉgza ²bfvI³ dUecñH CaeQμaH

oekIteLIg edaykiriyarB\kdl´KuNrbs´RBHBuTÆç RBHZ( nig RBH

eyaKIKb|IeBal .

sg¹ehIy manesckþIeKarBekIteLIg kñúgesckþIRbtibtþi eday

R:kd . eRBaHehtuenaH RBHeyaKIRtUvPavnaza ²bfvIbfvI³ eday

Kitza ²«LÚvenH enk¡mμb|dibTa enHenaH

GMNacéneQμaHEdlR:kdcuH .

KWCapøÚvEdlRBHBuTÆ RBH

RBHeyaKI RtUvebIkEPñkBicarNa

bec©kBuTÆ nig RBHsav&k ral´RBHGg< Etg:nRbtibtiþmkehIy³

tamkal RtUveZμcEPñkBicarNa tamkal . drabNa óK<hnimitþ

dUecñHehIy RtUvjúaMgesckþIósSah¾ oekIteLIg edaynwksg¹wm

minTan´ekIteLIg RBHeyaKIKb|IPavna tamn&yenaHÉg drabenaH

za ²Gj muxCanwg:ncMENkénrs énesckþIsux kñúgvievk eday

sUm|IGs´kal 100 dgkþI 1000 dgkþI sUm|IeRcIndgCagenaHkþI.

esckþIRbtibtþienH minxaneLIy³ dUecñH eTIbebIkEPñkeLIg eday

kalebIRBHeyaKIenaHcMerIny¨agdUecñH eBlNa RBHeyaKIeZμcEPñk

Gakard*smKYr kan´yknUvnimitþehIyKb|IcMerIn . eRBaHza GñkRbwg

ehIy nwknimitþmkkan´rgVg´énck¡ú dUcCakñúgeBlEdlebIkEPñkemIl

ebIkEPñksMLwgemIl EPñk nwgeraylM:kpg mNÐlksiN nwg

kñúgeBlenaH óK<hnimitþ eQμaHza ekItehIy .

R:kdhYseBkpg . edayviZIenaH nimitþ nwgminekIteLIgdl´RBH

óK<hnimitþenaH ekItehIy RBHeyaKI minRtUvGg<úy kñúgTIenaHeT .

eyaKIenaHeLIy . RBHeyaKI EdlebIkEPñkRBwm> sMLwgemIlç

RtUvcUleTAkan´TIenA rbs´xøÜn ehIyGg<úy cMerInkñúgTIenaH .

vg´

eT[t

‘ksiN’nwgminR:kdç Écitþesat

k*CaZmμCatrYjraeTApgç

cab´edImtaMgGMBI

mYy

RBHeyaKIenaH Kb|IR:zñaEs|keCIgmanCan´ 1 nig eQIRct´

sUm|IedayviZIy¨agenH nimitþk*minekIteLIg:nEdr . ehtuenaH RBH

cas´ edIm|IkMcat´bg´ nUvkaryWtyUr edaykarlageCIg . lMdab´

eyaKI RtUvebIkEPñkemIl edayGakarsmKYr dUcCaemIlRsemal

enaH zaebI smaZi enAx©I vinaseTA edayehtuminCaTIsb|ay

mux kñúgépÞénkJ©k´ y¨agenaHÉg ehIyKb|IkMNt´yknimitþ cMerIn

NamYyç RBHeyaKIenH RtUvBak´Es|keCIg kan´eQIRct´cas´ eTA

cuH .

RBHeyaKI

kEnøgenaH kan´yknUvnimitþehIy mkGg<úycMerIn o:nRsYlbYl

minRtUveZVITukkñúgcitþnUvlk¡N;eT . Etza nwglHbg´BN(ecal k*

RtUvRbmUl ‘nimitþ’ mkCaer]y> RtUveZVIoCanimmitþ EdlxøÜnnaMmk

min:n RtUveZVIBN( oCarbs´esμIKñanwgnisS&y taMgcitþenA kñúg

ehIy edayesckþIRtiHriH EdlxøÜnnaMmkehIy

bNÑtþiZm(

viess .

RBHeyaKI minRtUvBicarNaBN(énksiNeT .

RBHeyaKI

ehIyeZVITukkñúgcitþ

edayGMNacénósSTevahar

R:zñaeQμaHEpndINamYy

.

bNþaeQμaHEpndITaMgLay

nwgsáb´ç

edayesckþIRtiHriH

kalebIRBHeyaKIenaH eZVIy¨agenHç nIvrN;TaMgLay kielsTaMgLay nwgsáb´sáat´

edaylMdab´ç

citþ nwg


visuTÆimK< ERb

279

tm,l´enAmaM edayóbcarsmaZiç bdiPaKnimitþ k*ekIteLIg . ‘karepSgKñaénóK<hnimitþ nig bdiPaKnimitþ’

280

bfvIksiNnieTÞs

citþ EtgtaMgenAmaM edayGakar;TaMgLay 2 kñúgóbcarPUmi 1 kúñg bdilaPPUmi1 . bNþaPUmiTaMgBIrenaH citþ CasmaZi kñúgóbcarPUmi

enHCaesckþIepSgKñaénóK<hnimitþ EdleBalmkxagedIm nig bdiPaKnimtþenH kñúgBaküEdl:neBalmkehIyenaH .

edaykarlHbg´nUvnIvrN;. PaBR:kdénGg< .

citþ CasmaZi kñúgbdilaPPUmi eday

bu¨EnþkareZVIoepSg>KñaénsmaZiTaMgBIr KÅy¨ag

kñúgóK<hnimitþ eTas rbs´ksiN rEmgR:kd . bdiPaK-

dUecñH kúñgóbcar; Gg<TaMgLay CaGg<EdlminTan´mankmøaMg ekIt

nimitþ hak´dUcCaTMlay nUvóK<hnimitþ ecjmkR:kdeLIg dUcCa

eLIg . eRBaHGg<TaMgLay minTan´mankmøaMgekIteLIg kalebI

nimitþEdlbrisuTÆlÁ CagóK<hnimitþenaH 100 dg 1Ç000 dg dUc

óbcarsmaZi ekIteLIgehIyç citþ eTIbeZVInUvnimitþ oCaGarmμN¾

CapÞaMgénkJ©k´EdlbuK<lykecjGMBIeRsam dUcCasm|kéns&g¡

tamkal

EdlbuK<ldusxat´lÁehIy dUcCamNÐlénRBHc&nÞ EdlecjGMBI

enAekμgx©I EdlRtUveKelIkoQr EtgdYleTAelIEpndI Caer]y>

cenøaH énBBk dUcCahVÚgstVkuk xagmuxBBk .

y¨agdUecñaHÉg .

Etza nimitþenaH

Carbs´EdlminmanBN( minmansNðanEmnBit .

k*RbsinebI

k*cuHs)b´eTAkan´Pvg<

ekItehIy .

tamkal

eRb[bdUcCakumarEdl

Etza kñúgGb|na Gg<TaMgLayCaGg<mankmøaMg

eRBaHPav;énGg<TaMgLay mankmøaMgekIteLIgehIy

bdiPaKnimitþenaH Kb|ICanimitþEbbenHç Canimitþ KÅRBHeyaKIKb|Idwg

kalebIGb|nasmaZi ekIteLIgehIy Qancitþ kat´pþac´Pvg<var;

c|as´edayck¡ú Carbs´eRKatRKat cUldl´karBicarNa KWéRt-

Gs´var;mYydgehIy rEmgtaMgenA KÅrEmgRbRBwtþeTAedayGMNac

lk¡N¾ RKbsg,t´ehIy . EtzabdiPaKnimitþenH minEmnEbbenaH

énlMdab´ énkuslCvn; rhUtTaMgyb´TaMgézáEtmþg eRb[bdUcCa

eT .

bursEdlmankmøaMg

tamBit bdiPaKnimitþenH ekItBIsJ¦ahñwgÉg RtwmEtGakar;

EdlR:kdeLIg dl´RBHeyaKIGñkEdl:nnUvsmaZib¨ueNÑaHÉg . cMENknIvNr;TaMgLay RtUvsmaZi jaMjIehIyEmnBitç kiels TaMgLay

k*sáb´sáat´ehIyEdr

cab´edImtaMgEtGMBIbdiPaKnimitþ

enaH ekIteLIgehIy . citþ CaZmμCattaMgenAmaMlÁehIy eday óbcarsmaZi edayBit . ‘smaZi 2 epSgKña’ k*smaZimanBIrRbkar KÅóbcarsmaZi 1 Gb|nasmaZi 1 .

eRkakcakGasn;

Kb|IQrGs´mYyézá:n

y¨agenaHÉg . kñúgsmaZiTaMg 2 y¨agenaH bdiPaKnimitþenHÉNa ekIteLIg ehIy mYyGenøIedayóbcarsmaZiç eQμaHza karjúaMgbdiPaKnimitþ enaH oekIteLIg KWRBHeyaKIeZVI:n edaykRméRkeBk .

eRBaH

ehtuenaH zaebIRBHeyaKI GaceZVInimitþenaH ocMerIn‘rhUtdl´’ :n seRmcGb|na edayEPñnenaHÉgç kar:nenaH KÅCakarlÁç EtebI minGaceT lMdab´enaH

RBHeyaKIenH

Kb|ICaGñkminRbmaT rkSa


visuTÆimK< ERb

281

282

bfvIksiNnieTÞs

nimitþenaHo:n dUcCaRsþIrkSaKP(EdlekItGMBIesþccRkB&tþi y¨ag

GavasenH CaTIsb|ay .

enaHÉg .

‘TIenA’eRcInç

eRBaHza kalebIRBHeyaKI rkSanimitþ:ny¨agenH kar

sabsUnücakQanEdlxøÜn:nehIy minmaneLIy .

kalebI

bI> ézáç

eRBaHehtuenaH kñúgvtþNa manGavas

RBHeyaKI RtUvenAkñúgGavasTaMgenaH GavasnImYy>

citþ rbs´RBHeyaKIenaH CaZmμCatmanGarmμN¾EtmYy

karrkSaminmanç QanEdlxøÜn:nehIy> k*rEmgsabsUnüeTA .

kñúgGavasNa Kb|IenAkñúgGavasenaH .

enH CaviZIrkSa kñúgkarrkSanimitþenaH .

EdlenA kñúgcULnaKKuha kñúgtm¬bNÑiTVIb er[nkmμdðan kñúgKuha enaHÉg k*:nseRmcRBHGrhtþ eRBaHPav;énGavasCaTIsb|ay

‘viZIrkSanimitþ’ ‘83’

RBHeyaKI Kb|Iev[rcakehtuminCaTIsb|ay

7 enH KW ; Gavas 1ç eKacr 1ç tircäankza 1ç buK<l 1ç ePaCn 1ç rdUv 1ç «riyabz 1ç Kb|I esBnUvesckþIsb|ay 7 y¨ag eRBaHza kalebI RBHeyaKIÉNamYy Rbtibtþi:ny¨agenHç Gb|na rEmgekItman tamkalminyWtyUreLIy .

kñúgbTmatikaTaMgenaH

EmnBit . cMENkRBHGriybuK<lTaMgLay manRBHesatabnñ Ca edIm nig RBHGriybuK<lTaMgLay Edl:nseRmcGriyPUmi kñúg TIdéTeT[t kñúgKuhaeQμaHcULnaKenaH KNnarab´BMu:n . sUm|I kñúgGavasTaMgLaydéTeT[t manGavaseQμaHcitþlbB(t CaedIm k*y¨agdUecñaHEdr . ‘eKacrRKam’ cMENkeKacrRKamNa

‘Gavas’ Kb|IRCabesckþIvinicä&y

esckþIza Pik¡úcMnYn 500

manenAxagkñúg énCYrZñÚ CaKRmb´BIr

edayknøH minqáayeBk minCiteBk GMBIesnasn; edayTisxag dUcteTAenH

eCIg ß Tisxagt|ÚgCaeKacrRKamEdlbribUredayPik¡ark:neday

kalebIRBHeyaKIenaH enAkñúgGavasNaç nimitþ EdlminTan´ekIt

gayRsYl eKacrRKamenaH eQμaHza CaTIsb|ay . eKacrRKam

eLIg rEmgminekIteLIgpg nimitþ EdlekIteLIgehIy Etgvinas

pÞúyGMBIenH eQμaHza minCaTIsb|ay .

eTAvijpg sti EdlminTan´taMgenAehIy rEmgmintaMgenAs)b´pgç

‘tircäankza’

citþ Edlmintm,l´enAmaMehIy rEmgmintm,l´enAmaMpg GavasenH minCaTIsb|ay .

kalebIRBHeyaKIenaH enAkñúgGavasNa nimitþ

rEmgekIteLIgpg enACab´lab´pg sti rEmgtaMgenAs)b´ citþ Ca smaZi dUcCaRBHbZaniytisSetær EdlenAGaRs&y kñúgnaKbB(tç

Baküza ²PsSM³ esckþIza BaküEdlrab´bJ©ÚlehIy kñúg tircäankza 32 eQμaHza minCaTIsb|ay .

eRBaHza Bakü

tircäankzaenaH rEmgRbRBwtþeTA edIm|IsabsUnücaknimitþ rbs´RBH eyaKIenaH . BaküEdlGaRs&ykzavtæú 10 y¨ag

eQμaHza CaTI


visuTÆimK< ERb

283

284

bfvIksiNnieTÞs ‘«riyabz’

sb|ay . sUm|IBaküGaRs&ykzavtæú 10 y¨agenaH k*RBHeyaKI

k*kñúg«riyabzTaMgLay TIc®g,mn¾ CaTIsb|ay dl´Pik¡úBYk

Kb|IeBaltamRbmaN . ‘buK<l’

xøH

sUm|IbuK<lGñkmineBaltircäankza bribUN(edayKuN man

bNþa«riyabz KÅkaredk Qr nig Gg<úy «riyabzNamYy

CaTIsb|ay dl´Pik¡úBYkxøH .

ehtuenaH RBHeyaKI Kb|IBicarNa

sIlKuNCaedIm EdlRBHeyaKI:nGaRs&yehIyç citþ Edlmin

emIl rhUtbI ézá dUcCaBicarNaemIlGavasenaH Kb|IRCabza kñúg

Tan´tMkl´maMehIy

«riyabzNa

rEmgtm,l´maMkþI

Cacitþnwgnx¢ab´x¢Ünx¬s´eLIgkþIç

citþ

Edltm,l´enAmaMehIy

citþEdlminTan´ekItCasmaZi

rEmgekItCasmaZikþI

buK<lmansPaBEbbenH eQμaHza

citþEdlekItCasmaZiehIy rEmgrwgbwug edayviesskþI «riyabz

CaTIsb|ay . cMENkbuK<lGñkEdleBaltircäankza eRcIneday

enaH eQμaHza CaTIsb|ayç «riyabzeRkAGMBIenH eQμaHza min

esckþIsáÜnRKgnUvkay eQμaHza minCaTIsb|ay . eRBaHzabuK<l

CaTIsb|ayeT .

enaH EtgeZVIRBHeyaKIenaH oesAhμgEtmüa¨g dUcCaTwkRCaM eZVITwk zøaokøayeTACaTwklÁk´dUecñaH .

mYyeT[t eRBaHGaRs&ybuK<l

ebItamTMngenH RBHeyaKIRtUvev[rehtuminCaTIsb|ayTaMg 7 y¨agenH ehIyesBehtuCaTIsb|ay .

eRBaHza Gb|na nwgekIt

EbbenaH smabtþi rEmgvinas dUcCasmabtþi énPik¡úEdlenAkñúgvtþ

man dl´RBHeyaKIBYkxøH EdlRbtibtþiy¨agenH CaGñkeRcIneday

eQμaHekadibB(t y¨agenaHÉg .

karesBnimitþ edaykalminyUreLIy .

mincaM:c´niyayzVIdl´nimitþ .

Na Rbtibtþiy¨agdUecñH Gb|na minekIteT .

‘ePaCn nig rdUv’ cMENkePaCn manrsCatEpÁm cMeBaHbuK<lBYkxøH manrs CatCUr cMeBaHbuK<lBYkxøH eQμaHza CaTIsb|ay . ÉrdUvRtCak´ dl´buK<lBYkxøH ekþAdl´buK<lBYkxøH KWCaTIsb|ay .

eRBaHehtu

enaH ebIRBHeyaKI esBePaCnNakþI rdUvNakþIç esckþIsb|ay EtgekItman citþ EdlminTan´ekItCasmaZi EtgekItCasmaZikþI citþ EdlekItCasmaZiehIy rEmgrwgbwug edayviesskþIç ePaCn enaH nig rdUvenaH eTIbCaTIsb|ay . eRkAGMBIenH minCaTIsb|ayeT .

b¨uEnþkalebIRBHeyaKI

ePaCneRkAGMBIenH nig rdUv

júaMgGb|naekasl 10 oekIteLIg .

RBHeyaKIenaH RtUv

enH KÅCaesckþIBnül´

kñúgGb|naekaslenaH . ‘matikaénGb|naekasl’ ‘84’ RBHeyaKI Kb|IR:zñaGb|naekasl edayGakar;TaMg Lay 10 y¨ag KÅ ; ‘1’ edayeZVIvtæúoekø{vkøaç ‘2’ edaykarRbmUl«®nÞIy¾oesμIKñaç ‘3’ edayesckþIQøaskñúgnimitþ,ç


visuTÆimK< ERb

285

286

bfvIksiNnieTÞs

‘4’ ‘eday’ p<gcitþ kñúgsm&yEdlRtUvp<gç

nUvkarcMerIn lUtlas´ TUlMTUlayEdr . b¨uEnþkalebIvtæúTaMgxag

‘5’ ‘eday’sg,t´sg,incitþ kñúgsm&yEdlRtUvsg,t´sg,inç

kñúgxageRkAsÁatç sUm|IjaN kñúgectsikTaMgLayEdlekIteLIg

‘6’ ‘eday’eZVIcitþorIkray kñúgsm&yEdlKYreZVIorIkrayç

ehIy k*CajaNsÁatbrisuTÆpgEdr dUcCaBnøÅénGNþatePøIgRbTIb

‘7’ ‘eday’eZVIcitþosøúgcuH kúñgsm&yEdlRtUveZVIcitþosøúgcuHç ‘8’ edaykarev[rcakbuK<lEdlminmancitþCasmaZiç ‘9’ edaykaresBKb´EtbuK<lEdlmancitþCasmaZiç ‘10’ edaykarbegÁancitþeTA kñúgsmaZienaH . 1- kareZVIvtæúoekø{vkøa kñúgGakar; 10 enaH kareZVIPav;énvtæúTaMgLay TaMgxagkñúg TaMgxageRkA oekø{vkøa eQμaHza kiriyaeZVIvtæúoekø{vkøa . k*eBl Na RBHeyaKIenaH mansk´ Rkck nig eramEvg ßza ragkay manejIs nig EkÁlkan´ehIy eBlenaH vtæúxagkñúg eQμaHza minsÁat KÅminbrisuTÆ . cMENkcIvr rbs´RBHeyaKIenaH CacIvr cas´ esAhμg mankøinsÁúy ßza esnasn; esμakeRKak eday

EdlGaRs&yRbeqH nig eRbg kñúgGMEbgRbTIbEdlsÁatekIteLIg k*Carbs´sÁatlÁ y¨agenaHEdr .

k*kalebIRBHeyaKI BicarNa

nUvsg¡arTaMgLay edayjaNd*brisuTÆç sUm|Isg¡arTaMgLay k* Casg¡arR:kdc|as´

kalebIRBHeyaKI

RbkbnUvkmμdðan

sUm|I

kmμdðan k*dl´nUvkarcMerIn lUtlas´ TUlMTUlaypgEdr . 2- karRbmUl«®nÞIy¾oesμIKña ‘85’

kareZVInUvPav;én«®nÞIy¾TaMgLay

mansTÆi®nÞIy¾CaedIm

oesμIKña eQμaHza kiriyaRbmUl«®nÞIy¾oesμIKña . eRBaHza Rbsin ebIsTÆi®nÞIy¾rbs´RBHeyaKIenaHmankmøaMgç sTÆi®nÞIy¾eRkAGMBIenH Tn´ exSay

lMdab´enaH vIriyi®nÞIy¾ minGacedIm|IeZVInUvkic©KÅkarp<gcitþç

sti®nÞIy¾ minGacedIm|InwgeZVInUvkic©KWkarEzTaMcitþç smaZi®nÞIy¾ min

vtæúxageRkA eQμaHza CavtæúminsÁat KÅmin

GacedIm|InwgeZVIkic© KWkareZVIcitþminoraymay:nç bJ¦i®nÞIy¾ min

k*kalebIvtæúTaMgxagkñúg TaMgxageRkA min

GacedIm|InwgeZVIkic© KWkareXIj tamesckþIBit:nç eRBaHehtuenaH

sÁatç sUm|IjaN kñúgectsikTaMgLay EdlekIteLIgehIy k*

sTÆi®nÞIy¾d*mankmøaMgenaH RBHeyaKI Kb|IeZVIo:t´bg´eTA edaykar

dUcBnøÅénGNþatePøIgRbTIbEdlGaRs&y

BicarNanUvsPavZm( ßza edaykarmineZVITukkñúgcitþ dUcCakal

kñúgGMEbgRbTIb EdlminsÁat ekIteLIg k*Ca

ebIxøÜneZVITukkñúgcitþehIy sTÆi®nÞIy¾ mankmøaMgekIteLIg:n . Emn

sMram kñúgeBlNaç brisuTÆ kñúgeBlenaH .

CajaNminsÁatpgEdr nUvRbeqH nig eRbg

rbs´minsÁat y¨agenaHEdr .

k*kalebIRBHeyaKI BicarNanUv

Bit er]gRBHvk,lietær CatYy¨ag kñúgsTiÆ®níIÞy¾enH .

EtRbsinebI

sg¡arTaMgLayedayjaNEdlminbrisuTÆç sUm|Isg¡arTaMgLay

vIriyi®nÞIy¾ mankmøaMgxøaMgç RKaenaH sTÆi®nÞIy¾ k*minGacedIm|InwgeZVI

k*Casg¡arminR:kd

nUvkic© KÅkarcuHcitþs)b´ç «®nÞIy¾TaMgLayeRkABIenH k*minGacedIm|I

kalRbkbnUvkmμdðan sUm|Ikmμdðan k*mindl´


visuTÆimK< ERb eZVInUvkiriyaepSgKña énkic©eRkAGMBIenH .

287 eRBaHehtuenaH vIriyi®nÞIy¾

d*mankmøaMgenaH RBHeyaKI Kb|IlHbg´ edaykarcMerInsem¬aCÄg< manbsSTÆiCaedIm .

bNÐit RtUvsMEdger]gRBHesaNetær kñúg

nieTÞsenaHpgEdr .

kalebIPaBmankmøaMgén«®nÞIy¾mYy ekItman

288

bfvIksiNnieTÞs

y¨agenaH RBHeyaKIRtUveZVIoesμIKña .

eRBaHza Gb|na rEmgekIt

eLIg:n eRBaHPav;én«®nÞIy¾TaMgBIry¨agenaHesμIKña . n&ymYyeT[t sTÆa sUm|ImankmøaMg k*smKYrdl´RBHeyaKI EdlbMeBjsmzkmμdðan .

kalebIsTÆamankmøaMgy¨agenH RBH

bNÐitKb|IRCabPav;én«®nÞIy¾TaMgLayeRkABIenHza KμansmtæPaB

eyaKIenaH kaleC] Kåza kaleC]s)b´ nwg:ndl´nUvGb|na .

kñúgkic©rbs´xøÜn sUm|Ikñúg«®nIÞy¾d*ess dUc:neBalmkenHÉg .

cMENkkñúgsmaZi nig bJ¦a PaBéncitþmanGarmμN¾EtmYy Edl

EtebIeBaledayviess kñúg«®nÞIy¾TaMg 5 enaH

bNÐitTaMg

mankmøaMg k*KYrdl´RBHeyaKIEdlCasmaZikmμik; . eRBaHza kal

Lay manRBHBuTÆCaedIm EtgsresIrPav;énsTÆa nig bJ¦aTaMg

ebIÉkK<tacitþ mankmøaMgy¨agenH RBHeyaKIenaH k*nwg:nseRmc

Laypg énsmaZi nig vIriy;TaMgLaypg za CaZmμCatesμIKña .

nUvGb|na . bJ¦a d*mankmøaMg rEmgKYrdl´RBHeyaKI EdlbMeBj

eRBaHza buK<lmansTÆaxøaMgkøa EtmanbJ¦aTn´exSay CaGñkRCHzøa

vibsSnakmμdðan .

kñúgkareBalGYt rEmgRCHzøa kñúgehtuEdlminEmnCaer]g . buK<l

RBHeyaKIenaH k*nwg:nsMercnUvkarcak´ZøúHnUvéRtlk¡N¾ .

GñkmanbJ¦axøaMgkøa EtmansTÆaTn´exSay EtgKb´rknUvBYkCnGñk

Pav;énsmaZi nig bJ¦aTaMgBIrCaZmμCatesμIKñahñwgÉg eTIbGb|na

eBalGYt CaGñkEkxøÜnmin:n dUcCaeraKEdlekItmkGMMBIzñaM rkSa

ekItman EmnBit .

min:t´ y¨agenaHÉg .

eRBaH

‘sticaM:b´RtUvmankñúgTITaMgBYg’

eRBaHPav;énsTÆa nig bJ¦aTaMgBIr Ca

ZmμCatesμIKña buK<leTIbRCHzøa kñúgehtuEdlCaer]gedayBit . k*

eRBaHza kalebIbJ¦a mankmøaMg y¨agdUecñH

cMENksti mankmøaMg kñúgTITaMgBYgeTIbKYr .

eRBaHza sti

esckþIx¢ilRcGUs EtgRKbsg,t´nUvbuK<lGñkmansmaZixøaMgkøa Et

EtgrkSanUvcitþ

manesckþIBüayamTn´exSay

CabkSBYkén

vIriy; nig bJ¦aTaMgLay EdlCabkSBYkénóTÆc©; nwgrkSanUvcitþ

esckþIx¢ilRcGUs . esckþIraymay EtgRKbsg,t´nUvbuK<lGñk

cakkiriyaZøak´cuHkan´ekasC¢; eRBaHsmaZiCabkSBYkénekasC¢; .

manesckþIBüayamxøaMgkøa

eRBaHPav;én

eRBaHehtuenaH stienaH KÅRBHeyaKI Kb|IR:zña kñúgTITaMgBYg dUc

esckþIBüayam CabkSBYkénóTÆc©; . EtsmaZi EdlvIriy;RKaMRT

CaGMbilRbLak´ Carbs´EdlRtUvR:zña kñúgmØÚbeRk[mTaMgBYg nig

ehIy min:nZøak´cuHeTAkñúgekasC¢; . vIriy; EdlsmaZiRKaMRT

dUcCaGamatü GñkRbkbkargarTaMgBYg CaGñkRtUveKR:zña kñúgraC

ehIy min:nZøak´cuHeTAkñúgóTÆc©; .

kic©TaMgBYg y¨agdUecñaH .

eRBaHPav;énsmaZi

EtmansmaZiTn´exSay

eRBaHehtuenaH «®nÞIy¾TaMgBIr

cakkiriyaZøak´cuHkan´óTÆc©;

edayGMNacénsTÆaç

eRBaHehtuenaH :nCaRBHGdðkzacarü


visuTÆimK< ERb

289

290

bfvIksiNnieTÞs

eBalza ²cMENksti RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´za CaKuNCat

tUcoeqH:nEdrßeT/³ .

RtUvR:zña kñúgTITaMgBYgç eRBaHehtuGVI/

eRBaHza citþmansti Ca

emtþaeR:s minKYrnwgbg,at´oeqH:neT³ . RBHmanRBHPaKRtas´

TIrlwk Ésti mankarrkSaCaeRK]gR:kdç karp<geLIg nig kar

eT[tza ²mñalPik¡úTaMgLay y¨aghñwgEmnehIy citþ CaZmμCat

sg,t´sg,incitþ ev[rcakstiehIy minekIteT³ .

rYjra kñúgsm&yNaç sm&yenaH CakalminKYrnwgcMerInbsSTÆisem¬aCÄg<

3- karQøaskñúgnimitþ Pav;énesckþIQøasév

kñúgkiriyaeZVInimitþ énPav;éncitþ man

Pik¡úTaMgLayRkabTUlza ²sUmRTg´RBH

CakalminKYrnwgcMerInsmaZisem¬aCÄg<

nwgcMerInóebk¡asem¬aCÄg<eLIyç

dMeNIrenaH

CakalminKYr

eRBaHehtudUcemþc/ç

GarmμN¾EtmYy manbfvIksiNCaedIm EdlxøÜnBMuTan´:neZVIehIy

mñalPik¡úTaMgLay eRBaHza citþrYjraehIy citþenaH CaZmμCatmin

PaBénesckþIQøas kñúgkarcMerIn nig PaBénesckþIQøas kñúg

gaynwgosÞúHeLIg edayZm(TaMgLaynu@H:neT .

karrkSanUvnimitþ EdlxøÜn:nehIy edaykarcMerIn eQμaHza kar

Lay ebIcitþCaZmμCatrYjra kñúgsm&yNaç sm&yenaH Cakal

Qøas kñúgnimitþ .

kñúgnieTÞsenH elakbMNgykkarQøas kñúg

mñalPik¡úTaMgLay

4- p<gcitþkñúgsm&yEdlRtUvp<g ‘86’ sYrza; etIRBHeyaKI p<gcitþ kñúgsm&yEdlxøÜnRtUvp<g y¨agdUcemþc/ .

eqøIyza; kñúgkalNa citþ rbs´RBHeyaKIenaH

CaZmμCatrYjra eRBaHeTasTaMgLaymanPaBénesckþIBüayambnÆÚ bnæyhYseBkCaedIm kñúgkalenaH RBHeyaKI kMucMerInsem¬aCÄg< 3 manbsSTÆisem¬aCÄg<CaedImehIy cMerInsem¬aCÄg< 3 manZmμvicy sem¬aCÄg<CaedIm .

EmnBit BaküenH RBHmanRBHPaKRtas´ehIy

za ²mñalPik¡úTaMgLay eRb[bdUcCaburs manR:zñanwgbg,at´ePøIg bursenaH

k*dak´nUvesμARss´pg

mñalPik¡úTaMgLay etIbursenaH

citþrYjraehIy

citþenaH

eRb[bdUcCabursmanR:zñanwgbg,at´ePøIgtUcoeqHeLIg

CaZmμCat

bursenaH

k*dak´esμAsáÜtpg dak´Gacm¾eKasáÜtpg dak´óssáÜtpg pøMúxül´ GMBImat´pg minerayGacm¾dIpg kñúgePøIgtUcenaH mñalPik¡úTaMgLay etIbursenaH KYrnwgbg,at´ePøIgtUc oeqH:nßeT/ ‘1’³ .

Pik¡úTaMg

Lay RkabTUl za ²sUmRTg´RBHemtþaeR:s ebIy¨aghñwg KYrnwg bg,at´oeqH:n³ . ‘Gaharrbs´Zmμvicysem¬aCÄg<’

dak´Gacm¾eKa

KYrnwgbg,at´ePøIg

eRBaHza

gaynwgosÞúHeLIg:nedayZm(TaMgLayn@uH . mñalPik¡úTaMgLay

k*kñúglk¡N; EdlcitþrYjraenH bNÐit

Rss´pg dak´ósRss´pg pøMúxül´layTwkpg erayGacm¾dIpg kñúgePøIgtUcenaHç

CakalKYrnwgcMerInvIriysem¬aCÄg<

CakalKYrnwgcMerInbItisem¬aCÄg<ç dMeNIrenaH eRBaHehtudUcemþc/ç

kiriyarkSaenaH .

tUcoeqHeLIg

KYrnwgcMerInZmμvicysem¬aCÄg<

mñalPik¡úTaMg

1-

suÇ

sMÇ mhavarÇ PaKTI 37 TMB&rTI 281 .

Kb|IRCabkarcMerIn


visuTÆimK< ERb sem¬aCÄg<TaMgbI

291

manZmμvicysem¬aCÄg<CaedIm

edayGMNac

292

bfvIksiNnieTÞs

nig kareZVIoeRcIn kñúgZm(TaMgLayenaH k*manç Zm(enH CaGahar

énZm(EdlCaGaharsMrab´xøÜn . EmnBit BaküenH RBHmanRBHPaK

edIm|IekIteLIg

RTg´Rtas´ehIyza ²mñalPik¡úTaMgLay Zm(TaMgLayCakusl nig

PaBd*éRkElg edIm|IPaBTUlMTUlay edIm|IesckþIcMerIn edIm|IPaB

Gkusl k*manç Zm(TaMgLayRbkbedayeTas nig minmaneTas

bribUN( énbItisem¬aCÄg< EdlekIteLIgehIypg³ dUecñH .

k*manç Zm(TaMgLay ezakTab nig RbNIt k*manç Zm(TaMgLay

énbItisem¬aCÄg<

kareZVITukkñúgcitþ

EdlminTan´ekIteLIgpg

EdlRbRBwtþeTA

edIm|I

edayGMNacénkarcak´ZøúH

mancMENkeRb[bTaMgexμA TaMg-s k*manç kareZVITukkñúgcitþ nig kar

nUvsPavlk¡N; nig samJ¦lk¡N; eQμaHza kareZVITukkñúgcitþ

eZVIoeRcIn kñúgZm(TaMgLayenaHmanç

Zm(enH CaGahar edIm|IekIt

edayó:yénR:C\a kñúgZm(TaMgLay manZm(EdlCakusl Ca

eLIg énZmμvicysem¬aCÄg< EdlminTan´ekIteLIgpg edIm|IPaB d*

edIm kñúg:lIenaH . kareZVITukkñúgcitþEdlRbRBwtþeTA edayGMNac

éRkElg

karjúaMgZatuTaMgLay manGarmÖZatuCaedIm oekIteLIg eQμaHza

edIm|IPaBTUlMTUlay

edIm|IkarcMerIn

edIm|IkarbribUrN¾

énZmμvicysem¬aCÄg< EdlekIteLIgehIypg ‘1’ ³ dUecñH . ‘Gaharrbs´vIriysem¬aCÄg<’ n&ydUcKñaenaHEdr RBHGg<RTg´Rtas´ za ²mñalPik¡úTaMgLay!

kareZVITukkñúgcitþ

edayó:yénR:C\a

GarmÖZatuCaedIm .

kñúgZatuTaMgLay

man

kñúgZatuTaMg 3 enaH esckþIBüayamCabfm

elakehAza ²GarmÖZatu³ .

esckþIBüayam EdlmankmøaMgeRcIn

GarmÖZatu ‘ZatuKÅkarKitcab´epþIm’ nik,mZatu ‘ZatuKÅkarcab´epþImeZVI’

CagesckþIBüayamCabfmenaH

eRBaHPav;énesckþIBüayamenaH

brk,Zatu ‘ZatuKÅkarRbwgERbgminrYjra’ kareZVITukkñúgcitþ nig kareZVI

ecjehIycakesckþIx¢ilRcGUs ehAza ²nik,mZatu³ .

oeRcIn kñúgZm(TaMgLayenaH k*manç Zm(enH CaGahar edIm|IekIt

BüayamEdlmankmøaMgeRcInCagnik,mZatuenaHeTAeT[t

eLIg énvIriysem¬aCÄg< EdlminTan´ekIteLIgpg edIm|IPaBd*éRk

eTAkan´TIkEnøgd*x¬s´eLIg> ehAza brk,mZatu .

esckþI

eRBaHQan

cMENkBaküza

Elg edIm|IPaBTUlMTUlay edIm|IesckþIcMerIn edIm|IPaBbribUrN¾

²Zm(TaMgLay CaTItaMgénbItisem¬aCÄg<³ enaH CaeQμaH énbItienaH

énvIriysem¬aCÄg< EdlekIteLIgehIypg³ dUecñH .

Égç kiriyaeZVITukkñúgcitþ EdlCaehtujúaMgbItienaHpgEdr oekIt

‘Gaharrbs´bItisem¬aCÄg<’ n&ydUcKñaenaHEdr RBHGg<RTg´Rtas´ za ²mñalPik¡úTaMgLay Zm(TaMgLayEdlCaTItaMgénbItisem¬aCÄg< k*manç kareZVITukkñúgcitþ 1- suÇ

sMÇ mhavarÇ PaKTI 37 TMB&rTI 281 .

eLIg eQμaHza kareZVITukkñúgcitþ edayó:yénR:C\a . n&ymYyeT[t Zm(TaMgLay 7 KÅ PaBCaGñksaksYr1ç PaB énkareZVIvtæúosÁat 1ç karRbmUlnUv«®nÞIy¾oesμIKña 1ç karev[r RsLHcakbuK<lEdlmanR:C\aGaRkk´ 1ç

karesBKb´nUvbuK<l


visuTÆimK< ERb

293

294

bfvIksiNnieTÞs

EdlmanR:C\a1ç karBicarNanUvkarRbRBwtþi edayjaN d*RCal

citþ nUvGaelaksJ¦aç karpøas´bþÚrnUv«riyabz nig karesBnUvTI

eRCA 1ç

valRsLHCaedIm 1ç karev[rRsLHcakbuK<lEdlx¢ilRcGUs 1ç

karbegÁancitþeTA kñúgZmμvicy;enaH 1

rEmgRbRBwtþeTA

karesBKb´nUvbuK<lEdlR:rBÆnUvesckþIBüayam 1ç karBicarNa

edIm|IjúaMgZmμvicysem¬aCÄg<oekIteLIg . Zm(TaMgLay 11 KÅ PaBénkarBicarNanUvP&y manG:yP&yCaedIm1ç PaBCaGñkmanRbRktIeXIjnUvGanisgS KÅkar:n seRmcnUvKuNviessCaelakiy; nig elakutþr; EdlCab´Tak´Tg edayvIriy; 1ç

PaBénkarBicarNa nUvpøÚvEdlCaTIeZVIdMeNIreTA

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y¨agdUecñHza ²maK(aEdlRBHBuTÆ RBHbec©kBuTÆ nig RBHmhasav&k

óbsmanusSti 1ç

karev[rRsLHcakbuK<lesAhμg 1ç karesB

TaMgLay:neTAehIyKÅGatμaGjKb|IeTAç EtzamaK(aenaH KÅbuK<l

Kb´nUvbuK<lCitsñiTÆ 1ç karBicarNanUvesckþIénRBHsURtEdlKYr

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CaTIRCHzøa 1ç

ERkgcMeBaHkarRtac´eTAbiNÐ:t edayeZVIoCask,ar;manpleRcIn

RBm edIm|IjúaMgbItisem¬aCÄg< oekIteLIg .

kiiriyabegÁancitþeTA kñúgbItienaH 1

dl´TaykTaMgLay 1ç karBicarNaeXIjPaBCaZM énRBHsasþa

RBHeyaKI

y¨agenHza ²RBHsasþarbs´eyIg RBHGg<manRbRktIRtas´sresIr

Gakar;TaMgLayenH

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sem¬aCÄg< 3 manZmμvicysem¬aCÄg<CaedImocMerIn .

minKb|IRbRBwtþknøgpg RBHGg<CaGñkmanóbkarKuNd*eRcIn cMeBaH

p<gcitþ kñúgsm&yEdlxøÜnKb|Ip<g y¨agenHÉg .

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minEmnedayRbkardéTpg

‘RBHGg<minEmn

kaljúaMgZm(TaMgLayenH

rEmgRbRBwtþeTA

oekIteLIg

dUc:ner[brab´mkehIyenH

eday

eQμaHza

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CabuK<l KÅGatμaGjbUCaehIy edayGamisbUCaeRkABIenHeLIy’³

RtUvsg,t´sg,in y¨agdUcemþc/ .

dUecñH 1ç karBicarNaeXIjnUvPaBCaZMénmt(ky¨agdUecñHza ²mt(k

RBHeyaKIenaH CaZmμCatraymay eRBaHehtuTaMgLay manPaBCa

d*ZM eBalKÅRBHsTÆmμ KÅGatμaGjKb|ITTYlykç Émt(k d*ZMenaH

GñkR:rBÆesckþIBüayam

KÅbuK<lEdlx¢ilRcGUsminGacTTYlyk:neLIy³ dUecñH 1ç kar

kMucMerInsem¬aCÄg<

benÞabg´nUvzInmiTÆ; edayesckþIRbtibtþiTaMgLaymankareZVITukkñúg

sem¬aCÄg< 3

3

hYskMritCaedImç

eBlenaH

manZmμvicysem¬aCÄg<CaedIm

manbsSTÆisem¬aCÄg<CaedIm .

RBHeyaKI ehIycMerIn

EmnBit BaküenH


visuTÆimK< ERb RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ehIyza

295

²mñalPik¡úTaMgLay óbmadUc

296

bfvIksiNnieTÞs

²sUmRTg´RBHemtþaeR:s y¨aghñwgehIy³ . ‘Gaharrbs´bsSTÆisem¬aCÄg<’

burs CaGñkR:zñanwgBnøt´KMnrePøIgd*ZM bursenaH k*dak´esμAsáÜtpg dak´Gacm¾eKasáÜtpg dak´óssáÜtpg pøMúxül´GMBImat´pg mineray

kñúgbTza ²kñúgZm(TaMgLayenH³ bNÐit Kb|IRCabkarcMerIn

Gacm¾dIpg kñúgePøIgZMenaHç mñalPik¡úTaMgLay! etIbursenaH KYrnwg

sem¬aCÄg< 3 manbsSTÆisem¬aCÄg<CaedIm edayGMNacénGahar

Bnøt´KMnrePøIgd*ZM:nEdrßeT/³ .

Pik¡úTaMgLayRkabTUlza ²sUm

sMrab´xøÜn . EmnBit BaküenH RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´za ²mñal

RTg´RBHemtþaeR:s ebIy¨aghñwg minKYrnwgBnøt´KMnrePøIgZM:neT³.

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RBHmanRBHPaKRtas´za

ó:yénR:C\a nig kareZVIoeRcInkñúgkaybsSTÆi nig citþbsSTÆi

²mñalPik¡úTaMgLay

y¨aghñwgEmnehIy

citþ CaZmμCatraymay kñúgsm&yNaç kñúgsm&yenaH kalenaH

enaHç

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ekIteLIgehIyoekIteLIgpg edIm|IPaBéRkElg PaBTUlMTUlay

CakalminKYrcMerInvIriy-

sem¬aCÄg< CakalminKYrnwgcMerInbItisem¬aCÄg<ç dMeNIrenaH eRBaH ehtudUcemþc/

Zm(enH CaGahar edIm|IjúaMgbsSTÆisem¬aCÄg< EdlminTan´

PaBcMerInbribUN( énbsSTÆisem¬aCÄg< EdlekIteLIgehIypg³ .

mñalPik¡úTaMgLay citþ CaZmμCatrYjra eRBaHzacitþ

EdlrYjraenaH CaZmμCatkRmnwgeZVIosáb´rmáab´:n edayZm(TaMg

‘Gaharrbs´smaZisem¬aCÄg<’ n&ydUcKñaenaHEdr

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nimitþsáb´ nimitþ EdlGarmμN¾minRcas´Rcalk*manç kareZVITukkñúg

kñúgsm&yenaH kalenaH CakalKYrcMerInbsSTÆisem¬aCÄg< Cakal

citþ edayó:yénR:C\a nig kareZVIoeRcIn kñúgsmznimitþ nig

KYrnwgcMerInsmaZisem¬aCÄg<

GBüK<nimitþenaHç

dMeNIrenaH eRBaHehtudUcemþc/

CakalKYrnwgcMerInóebk¡asem¬aCÄg<ç mñalPik¡úTaMgLay citþ CaZmμCat

minTan´ekIteLIgehIy oekIteLIgpg edIm|IPaBéRkElg PaBTUlM

rYjraç eRBaHza citþ EdlrYjraenaH CaZmμCatgaynwgeZVIosáb´

TUlay

rmáab´:n edayZm(TaMgLayenHç mñalPik¡úTaMgLay dUcCaburs

ehIypg³ .

GñkR:zñanwgBnøt´KMnrePøIgd*ZM bursenaH k*dak´esμARss´pg dak´ Gacm¾eKaRss´pg dak´ósRss´pg pøMúxül´layTwkpg eray

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PaBcMerInbribUN(

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RBHGg<RTg´Rtas´za

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Gacm¾dIpg kñúgKMnrePøIgZMenaHç mñalPik¡úTaMgLay etIbursenaH KYr

Zm(TaMgLayEdlCaTItaMg énóebk¡asem¬aCÄg<k*manç kareZVITukkñúg

nwgBnøt´KMnrePøIgd*ZM :nEdrßeT/³ .

citþ edayó:yénR:C\a nig kareZVIoeRcIn kñúgZm(TaMgLayenaHç

Pik¡úTaMgLay

RkabTUlza


visuTÆimK< ERb

297

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Zm(enH CaGaharedIm|IjúaMgóebk¡asem¬aCÄg< EdlminTan´ekIteLIg

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ehIyoekIteLIgpg edIm|IPaBéRkElgPaBTUlMTUlay PaBcMerIn

esBKb´nUvbuK<lEdlmancitþCasmaZi 1ç karBicarNaQan nig

PaBbribUN( énóebk¡asem¬aCÄg< EdlekIteLIgehIypg³ dUecñH .

viemak¡ 1ç karbegÁancitþeTAkñúgsmaZienaH 1

sem¬aCÄg<TaMgLay

manbsSTÆisem¬aCÄg<CaedIm

EdlZøab´

rEmgRbRBwtþeTARBm

edIm|IjúaMgsmaZisem¬aCÄg< oekIteLIg .

ekIteLIgehIy dl´RBHeyaKIenaH edayGakar;Naç kareZVITukkñúg

Zm(TaMgLay 5 Rbkar KÅ karRBegIykenþIykñúgstV 1ç

citþ edayGMNacénkarRbRBwtþieTA énkiriyakMNt´Gakar;enaHehIy

RBegIykenþIykñúgsg¡ar 1ç karev[rcakbuK<lEdlCab´CMBak´ kñúg

júaMgsem¬aCÄg<TaMg3 manbsSTÆisem¬aCÄg<CaedImenaH oekIteLIg

stV nig sg¡ar 1ç

n@uHÉg eQμaHza kareZVITukkñúgcitþ edayó:yénR:C\a kñúgbTTaMg

stV nig sg¡ar 1ç karbegÁancitþeTAkñúgóebk¡aenaH 1 rEmgRbRBwtþ

Lay 3 kñúg:lIenaH . énsmz;n@uHÉg .

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mYyeT[t Baküza ²GBüK<nimitþ³ enH CaeQμaH

d*RbNIt 1ç sux 1ç

Zm(TaMgLay

karesBnUvrdUvCasux 1ç

7

KW

karesBnUvePaCn

karesBnUv«riyabz Ca

karRbkbesckþIBüayamCakNþal 1ç

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karesBKb´nUvbuK<l EdlRBegIykenþIy kñúg

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énsmz;enaHEdr edayesckþIza minraymay . n&ymYyvijeT[t

kar

karev[rRsLH

karesBKb´ nUvbuK<l

manbsSTÆisem¬aCÄg<CaedImocMerIn . RBHeyaKI sg,t´sg,incitþ kñúgsm&yEdlRtUvsg,t´sg,in y¨agenHÉg . 6- eZVIcitþorIkray kñúgsm&yEdlRtUvorIkray ‘88’ sYrza ; etIRBHeyaKI júaMgcitþorIkray kñúgsm&y

Edlmankaysáb´rmáab´ 1ç karbegÁancitþeTA kñúgbsSTÆienaH 1

EdlRtUvorIkray dUcemþc/ .

rEmgRbRBwtþeTARBm edIm|IjúaMgbsSTÆisem¬aCÄg< oekIteLIg .

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Zm(TaMgLay 11 Rbkar KÅ; Pav;énvtæúd*ekø{vkøa 1ç kar

eqøIyza; kñúgeBlNa citþ rbs´

BüayamxagpøÚvbJ¦a CaZmμCatTn´exSaykþI eRBaHmin:nnUvesckþI

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enaH otk´søút edaykarBicarNasegVKvtæú 8 y¨ag . eQμaHza

citþEdlminmansTÆaorIkray edayGMNacénCMen] nig esckþI

segVKvtæú 8 y¨ag ‘KÅ’ Catiç Craç BüaZi nig mrN; RtUvCa 4ç

tk´søút 1ç

Tuk¡kñúgG:y CaKRmb´ 5ç

karsMLwgCaRBegIy > nUvcitþEdlRbRBwtþeTA eday

kñúgeBlenaH RBHeyaKI júaMgcitþ

Tuk¡ manvdþ; Cab\sKl´ kñúgGtIt ‘Ca


visuTÆimK< ERb

299

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Gñk:nnUvsmaZi

mankarEsVgrkGahar kñúgbc©úb|nñ ‘CaKRmb´ 8’ . RBHeyaKIjúaMg

buK<lEdlmancitþCasmaZi .

RBHeyaKI júaMgcitþ orIk

7- eZVIcitþosøúgcuHkñúgsm&yEdlRtUvosøúgcuH

eZVIosøúgcuH y¨agdUcemþc/ . eqøIyza; kalRBHeyaKIenaHRbtibtþi y¨agenH citþ CaZmμCatminrYjra minraymay mineRtkGr RbRBwtþ

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edIreTAkan´vizIénsmz;

RBHeyaKIenaH

kñúgeBlNaç

mindl´nUvesckþIxVl´xVay

kñúg

kñúgkarp<gç

karsg,t´sg,in nig kareZVIorIkray dUcCanaysarzI kalebIesH TaMgLay e:leTAesμIKñaehIy minRtUvxVl´xVay y¨agenaHÉg . RBHeyaKI

EtgeZVIcitþosøúgcuH

kñúgsm&yEdlRtUveZVIosøúgcuH

y¨agdUecñHÉg . 8- ev[rcakbuK<lEdlminmancitþCasmaZi karlHbg´oqáay nUvbuK<lTaMgLay EdlminZøab´eLIgkan´ enk¡mμb|dibTa Gñkmankic©kareRcIn ‘Et’ mankarsþab´tic Gñkman citþraymayehIy eQμaHza karev[rRsLHcakbuK<l Edlminman citþCasmaZi . 9- esBKb´buK<lEdlmancitþCasmaZi karcUleTArkbuK<lTaMgLay

PaBénbuK<lmancitþbegÁaneTAkñúgsmaZi eQμaHza karbegÁan

bnÞn´eTA kñúgsmaZiç OnlMeTaneTA kñúgsmaZi nig ejaceTA kñúg

sYrza; etIRBHeyaKI eZVIcitþosøúgcuH kñúgsm&yEdlxøÜnRtUv

kñúgGarmμN¾

karesBKb´rknUv

citþeTAkñúgsmaZienaH . esckþIza; PaBénbuK<lGñkZán´ kñúgsmaZiç

ray kñúgsm&yEdlRtUveZVIorIkray y¨aghñwgÉg .

eTAesμI

eQμaHza

10- begÁancitþeTAkñúgsmaZienaH

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tamkald*smKYr

GñkedIreTAkan´enk¡mμb|dibTa

smaZi .

Gb|naekasløTaMg 10

RbkarenH RBHeyaKI Kb|Io

seRmc y¨agdUecñHÉg .

eRBaHza kalRBHeyaKI júaMgGb|naekasløenH o seRmcy¨agenH kalebInimitþ KWxøÜn:nehIy Gb|na

rEmgRbRBwtþeTA . k*kalebIRBHeyaKI sUm|IRbtibtþi

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nUvesckþIBüayamCaeRK]gRbkb RtUvRbwgERbgoEmn

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énkarRbRBwtþieTAéncitþ Kb|IRbkber]y>nUvPaBesμIKña énesckþIBüayamo:n. RBHeyaKI Kb|Ip<gcitþEdl CaZmμCatrYjraenaHsUm|IbnþicbnþÜc Kb|IhamXat´citþ EdlR:rBÆesckþIBüayaméRkeBk ehIyjúaMgcitþ o


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RbRBwtþeTAesμIEtmüa¨g . RBHeyaKI Kb|IrMedaHcitþcak esckþIrYjra nig esckþIGENþtGNþÚg edayRbkar TaMgBYgehIy

Kb|IjúaMgcitþEdlmanmuxeq¬aHeTAkan´

nimitþ oRbRBwtþeTA eRb[bdUcCakarRbRBwtþieTAénkark buK<lTaMgLay manemXμúMCaedIm kñúglMGgp,a kñúg søwkénób|l kñúgsrésénBIgBag kñúgnava kñúgnaLi EdlelakBN(naehIy y¨agdUecñaH .

302

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esaH eRBaHP&yxøacsøwkób|ldac´ nig liccuHç

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Qøasév sMEdgnUvTMhwgénkaMbit elIsøwkób|lenaH edayesckþI Büayamd*esμI CaGñkeQμaHza mansil|;d*pUrpg´ eZVIkargarkñúgTI TaMgBYg mansPaBEbbenaH rEmg:nnUvlaP y¨agNamij . mYyeT[t óbmadUckalRBHraCaRTg´Rbkas za ²buK<lNanaMmk nUvsrés énBIgBagRbmaN 4 Büammk:nç

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déTepSgeT[t minh)ansUm|Ib¨HBal´edayédeLIy eRBaHxøacvadac´ç

‘89’ enHCakarbMPøÅesckþI kñúgKazaenaH .

óbmadUcCaemXμúM

cMENkbursQøas

rMuB&TÆkMNat´eQI

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cab´taMgGMBIcug ehIynaMmk rEmg:nnUvlaP y¨agNamij .

kalsÞúHeTA edaysnÞúHy¨agxøaMg k*hYsrMlgnUvp,aenaHehIy eTIb

mYyeT[t óbmadUcCaCnGñkkan´cg,Út minQøaseBk kaldMeLIg

RtLb´mkdl´vij kallMGgp,aGs´ehIyç

emXμúMmYyeT[t min

ekþag kñúgeBlmanxül´xøaMg eZVIonavasÞúHeTAxusTisedAç CnGñk

Qøasév ehIrsÞúHeTAedayel|}nexSayç kallMGgp,aGs´ehIy

kan´cg,Útmñak´eT[t minQøas kaldak´ekþagcuH kñúgeBlmanxül´

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exSay eQμaHza sMctnava kñúgTIenaHdEdlç cMENkCnGñkQøas

esμI dl´nUvKMnrp,a edayRsYl eRkbyknUvlMGgp,a tamesckþI

dMeLIgekþagehIy

RtUvkar mkeZVICaTwkXμúMeRscehIy eTIbesayrsénTwkXμúM y¨ag

kNþal kñúgeBlEdlmanxül´xøaMg rEmgeTAdl´TIkEnøgEdlxøÜn

Namij . mYyeT[t óbmadUcCa kalkUnsisS énCagqøak´TaMg

R:zña edaysYsþI y¨agNamij .

Lay kalykkaMbitqøak´BÆd*søwkQUkEdlbENþtenAkñúgGagTwkç

kalGacarü Rbkasdl´GenþvasikTaMgLayza ²GñkNa mineZVI

kUnsisSmñak´ minQøaseBk kaldak´kaMbit edayRbjab´ eTIb

oeRbgkMBb´ RckeBjnaLiç GñkenaH nwg:nlaP³ dUecñHç sisS

kat´søwkób|lCaBIrxøH eZVIosøwkób|l dac´Zøak´cuHeTA kñúgTwkxøHç

mñak´ minQøaseBk CaGñkCab´CMBak´kñúglaP Rck‘eRbg’ y¨ag

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Rbjab´ k*eZVIoeRbgkMBb´ç sisSmñak´eT[tminQøasminh)ansUm|I

kñúgeBlEdlmanxül´exSay

dak´ekþagcuHBak´

mYyvijeT[t óbmadUcCa


visuTÆimK< ERb Etcak´ eRBaHxøackMBb´eRbgç

303

cMENkÉsisSQøas Rck ‘eRbg’

edayesckþIBüayamd*esμI rEmg:nlaP y¨agNa .

óbemyü

k*y¨agenaHEdrç Pik¡úmYyrUb kalnimitþekIteLIgehIy Kitza ²Gatμa Gj nwgdl´Gb|na y¨agqab´rh&s minxan³ dUecñH eTIbeZVIesckþI Büayamy¨agxøaMgç

citþ rbs´Pik¡úenaH k*Zøak´cuHeTAkñúgóTÆc©; eRBaH

Pav;énxøÜnCaGñkR:rBÆesckþIBüayaméRkeBkç

Pik¡úenaH

k*minGac

dl´nUvGb|na:neLIyç Pik¡ú mYyrUbeT[t eXIjeTas eRBaHPav; énxøÜnR:rBÆesckþIBüayamxøaMgeBk eTIbbnæy nUvesckþIBüayam

304

bfvIksiNnieTÞs

CaedIm kñúglMGgp,a kñúgsøwkénób|l kñúgsrés én BIgBag kñúgnava kñúgnaLi EdlelakBN(naehIy y¨agdUecñaHÉg . ‘90’ k*kalebIRBHeyaKIenaH eZVIcitþEdlmanmuxeq¬aHeTAkan´ nimitþ oRbRBwtþeTAy¨agenH edayRbkardUecñHç citþ sMrab´ravrk GarmμN¾kñúgmenaTVar kat´pþac´nUvPvg<; za ²Gb|na nwgsMerc kñúg eBl«LÚvenH³ dUecñHehIy eZVInUvbfvIksiNenaHÉg EdlR:kd

edayKitza ²RbeyaCn¾GVI dl´GatμaGj edayGb|na kñúgeBl

ehIy edayGMNacénkiriyaRbkber]y> za ²bfvI bfvI³ dUecñH

«LÚvenH³ dUecñHç citþ rbs´Pik¡úenaH rEmgZøak´cuHeTA kñúgekasC¢;

oCaGarmμN¾eTIbekIteLIg . bnÞab´GMBIenaHmk Cvncitþ 4 ß 5

eRBaHPav;énxøÜn CaGñkmanesckþIBüayam ZUrzyhYseBkç sUm|I

EtgsÞúHeTA kñúgGarmμN¾enaHÉgç kñúgTIbMput kñúgCvncitþTaMgLay

Pik¡úenaH k*minGacedIm|Idl´nUvGb|na:nEdrç ÉPik¡úrUbNa rMedaHcitþ

enaH citþ mYyCarU:vcr citþ d*essTaMgLayCakamavcr Cacitþ

EdlrYjra sUm|IbnþicbnþÜccakPav; éncitþEdlrYjra

manvitk,;ç

edaHcitþEdl

vicar;ç

bItiç

sux; nig

cietþkK<ta

d*mankmøaMgxøaMg

raymay sUm|IbnþicbnþÜccakPav;éncitþEdlraymayehIy júaMg

viessCagcitþCaRbRktITaMgLay EdlelakehAza ²brikmμcitþ³

citþEdlmanmuxeq¬aHeTAkan´nimitþ oRbRBwtþeTAedayesckþIBüayam

eRBaHCacitþtak´EtgGb|naxøHç ehAza ²óbcarcitþ³ dUecñHxøH eRBaH

esμIç Pik¡úenaHeTIb:ndl´nUvGb|na .

CacitþmanenA kñúgTICitGb|napg eRBaHCacitþRbRBwtþeTA kñúgTICit

RBHeyaKI Kb|ICaGñkR:kd

EbbenaHcuH . RBHGdðkzacarü sMedAykesckþIenH eTIbeBalKazaenHza ;

RBHeyaKI Kb|IrMedaHcitþcakesckþIrYjra nig esckþI GENþtGNþÚg edayRbkar;TaMgBYgehIy Kb|IjúaMg citþEdlmanmuxeq¬aHeTAkan´nimitþ oRbRBwtþeTA eRb[b dUcCakarRbRBwtþieTA énkarkbuK<lTaMgLaymanemXμúuM

énGb|napg dUcCaRbeTsEdlmanenAkñúgTICit énTITaMgLayman RsukCaedIm k*elakehAza ²óbcarénRsukç óbcarénRkug³ y¨ag enaHÉgç

elakehAza ²Gnuelamcitþ³ xøH eRBaHCacitþGnuelam

eTAdl´brikmμcitþTaMgLay kñúgkalmunBIkalenaHpg dl´Gb|na citþ kñúgkalxagmuxpg .

mYyeT[t bNþacitþTaMgenaH citþ Na

manenAkñúgTIbMputéncitþTaMgBYg citþenaH elakehAza ²eKaRtPU³ xøH


visuTÆimK< ERb eRBaHRKbsg,t´kamavcrcitþpg

305

306

bfvIksiNnieTÞs

Cvn; TI 6 ß TI 7 :neLIy eRBaHCaZmμCatmankñúgTICiténPvg<;

eRBaHGb´rMrU:vcrcitþpg .

k*edaylMdab´énCvncitþ Edlelakmin:ncat´TukehIy kñúg

eRb[bdUcburs rt´manmuxeq¬aHeTAkan´eRCaHEdldac´ sUm|IR:zñacg´

CvncitþTaMgenaH CvncitþTImYy Cabrikmμç TIBIrCaóbcar;ç TIbI Ca

Qb´ k*minGacdak´eCIgoQb´enARtg´TIRbebH ‘éneRCaH’:neLIy

Gnuelamç TIbYn CaeKaRtPUç

EtgZøak´cuHeTA kñúgeRCaHminxan k*y¨agenaHEdr ehtuenaH Gb|na

óbcar;ç

n&ymYyeT[t CvncitþTImYy Ca

TIBIr CaGnuelamç TIbI CaeKaRtPUç

Gb|nacitþ .

TIbYn ß TIR:M Ca

EmnBit CvncitþTIbYnn@uHÉg ßk* TIR:M rEmgdl´

bNÐitKb|IRCabza ²EtgekItkñúgCvn;TIbYn nig TIR:MEtb¨ueNÑaH³ . k*Gb|naenaH RbRBwtþeTAkñúgxN; éncitþmYyb¨ueNÑaH .

Emn

nUvGb|na . k*CvncitþenaHÉg ‘rEmgdl´nUvGb|na’ edayGMNac

Bit eQμaHza karkMNt´kald*yUr kñúgTITaMgLay 7 KÅ; kñúg

énGPiJ¦aqab´ nig GPiJ¦ayÅtyUr .

Gb|naTImYy 1ç kñúgelakiyGPiJ¦aTaMgLay 1ç kñúgmK<bYn 1ç

Cvncitþ bnÞab´GMBIenaHmk

kñúgpl EdlCalMdab´énmK< 1ç

CaRbRktIç Cavar;énPvg<; . ÉRBHeKaTtþetær

Gñker[nRBHGPiZmμ

kñúgrUbPB nig

za

GrUbPB 1ç kñúgenvsJ¦anasJ¦aytn; Cabc©&yénnieraZ 1ç kñúg

²Zm(TaMgLayCakusl mankñúgxagedIm> Cabc©&y edayCabc©&y

plsmabtþiénRBHeyaKIEdlecjGMBInieraZ 1 minmaneT . kñúg

énkaresBnUvZm(TaMgLayCakusl mankñúgxagcug>³ dUecñHehIy

TITaMg 7 enaH plCabnÞab´GMBImK< minman kñúgxagelIénCvn;TaMg

eBalza

3 eT .

²Zm(EdlekItxageRkay>

eBalnUvsURtenH

kñúgPvg<<Qan

CaZm(mankmøaMg

edaysar

envsJ¦anasJ¦aytn; Cabc©&yénnieraZ minman kñúg

Gaesvnb|c©&yç eRBaHehtudUecñaH Gb|na rEmgekIt kñúgCvncitþTI

xagelIénCvn;TaMgLayBIreT .

6 ß TI 7³ dUecñH .

nig GrUbPB minmaneT .

Bakü rbs´RBHeKaTtþetærenaH elakeBal

brimaNénPvg<Qan kñúgrUbPB

kñúgTId*essTaMgLay citþ CaZmμCat

bdiesZehIy kñúgGdðkzaTaMgLayza ²BaküénRBHezr;enH RKan´

manEtmYyb¨ueNÑaH . Gb|na RbRBwtþeTA kñúgxN;éncitþEtmYy

EtCamtirbs´xøÜn³ . cMENkGb|na EtgekIt kñúgCvncitþTIbYn nig

dUc:neBalmkenHÉg .

TIR:MEtmüa¨gç Cvncitþ bnÞab´mk eQμaHza CaZmμCatZøak´cuHehIy

Zøak´cuHkan´Pvg<; . lMdab´enaH GavC¢ncitþkat´pþac´Pvg<;‘ekIteLIg’

eRBaHPav;énCvn;mankñúgTICit énPvg<;ç BaküenaH RBHGdðkzacarü

edIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´karBicarNanUvQan .

eBalehIy . Bakürbs´RBHGdðkzacarüenaH KÅGñkNak*minGac

BicarNanUvQan ‘eTIbekIteLIg’ dUecñHÉg .

RbEkk:neLIy eRBaHCaBaküEdlelakBicarNa y¨agenHehIy eTIbeBal .

EmnBit citþ EtgminGacedIm|Inwgdl´nUvGb|na kñúg

k*edaylMdab´énPavna

bnÞab´GMBIGb|naenaH ‘eTIbman’ kar

bnÞab´GMBIenaHmk kar

manRbmaNb¨ueNÑH

eQμaHza sáat´cakkamTaMgLayEmnBit

RBHeyaKIn@uH

sáat´cakZm(TaMgLay


visuTÆimK< ERb CaGkusl manbIti

307

rEmgcUleTAdl´CitQanTImYy manvitk,; manvicar;

nig

sux;

EdlekItGMBIvievkehIyenA .

ehAza bfmCÄan EdllHGg< 5

kñúg:f;enaH Kb|ImanBaküsYrza ²k*eRBaHehtuGVI Év GkSr enH elakeBalehIyEtkñúgbTxagedIm mineBalkñúgbTxagcug/

RbkbedayGg< 5 manlMG 3

cuHebITukCabuK<l minsáat´cakZm(TaMgLay EdlCaGkuslehIy

seRmcehIy edayRbkardUecñH . :f;za ²sáb´sáat´cakkamTaMgLay³ esckþIza sáb´

KÅev[rehIy eKcecjehIycakkamTaMgLay . cMENk Év GkSr Na kñúgTIenHç Év GkSrenHnu@H bNÐitKb|IRCabza ²mankarkMNt´ CaGtæ³ .

bfvIksiNnieTÞs

bfvIksiN

Rbkar bribUN(edaylk¡N; 10 CaQanEdlRBHeyaKIenaH:n

‘91’

308

k* Év GkSr mankarkMNt´CaGtæ eRBaHehtuNaç eRBaH

Kb|IcUleTAkan´QanehIy enA:nEdrßeT/³ .

manBaküeqøIyza

²k* Év GkSrenH elakeBalehIy EtkñúgbTxagedIm mineBal kñúgbTxagcugenaH KÅbuK<lminKb|IeXIj y¨agenHeT eRBaHza Év GkSrn@uH

KÅelakeBalehIy

kñúgbTxagedIm

eRBaHQanrlas´

xøÜnecjcakkamenaHç EmnBit QanenH eQμaHza CaeRK]grlas´ xøÜnecjcakkamTaMgLayn@uHÉg

eRBaHCapøÚvknøgnUvkamZatu

nig

ehtuenaH Év GkSrenaH eTIbsMEdgnUvPav;énkamTaMgLay sUm|I

eRBaHCasRtUvdl´kamraK; smdUcRBHsarIbuRt eBalza ²ZmμCat

minman

enHCaeRK]grlas´ecjcakkamTaMgLay ZmμCatenHKÅGVI/ ZmμCat

kñúgsm&yEdlcUleTACitbfmCÄanenaHehIyenA

sRtUvcMeBaHbfmCÄanenaHpg eRBaHkarlHbg´ emþc/ .

k*Ca

nUvkar:nseRmcnUvbfmCÄanenaH

nUvkamTaMgLayhñwgÉgpg

.

edayRbkardUc

KÅkalebIRBHeyaKI eZVIkarkMNt´ eday:f;za ²sáat´

cakkamTaMgLay EmnBit³ y¨agdUecñHç esckþIza BaküGZib|ay enH

bNÐit k*dwgCak´c|as´za ²kamTaMgLay CasRtUvdl´Qan

enaHedayBitç kalebIkamTaMgLaymanç QanenH k*minRbRBwtþ eTAEdr dUcCakalebImanggwt BnøÅénRbTIb k*minman y¨agenaHç mYyeT[t kar:nnUvQanenaH ekItman eRBaHkarlHbg´kamTaMg LayenaHb¨ueNÑaH eRb[bdUcCakareTAdl´eRtIynay rEmgekItman k*eRBaHEtlHbg´nUveRtIyGayn@uHÉg . eTIbeQμaHza eZVInUvkarkMNt´³ dUecñHÉg .

eRBaHehtuenaH Év GkSr

enH KÅenk¡mμ; ‘1’ ³ dUecñH .

cMENkxag Év GkSr kñúg:f;enH KÅ

bNÐitKb|IeBal sUm|IkñúgbTxagcugpgEdr dUcCa Év GkSrEdl RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´naMmkRtas´Tuk kñúgbTxagcug kñúg:f;enH za ²mñalPik¡úTaMgLay smN;TI 1 kñúgRBHsasnaenHÉg smN TI 2 kñúgRBHsasnaenH ‘2’ ³ y¨agenaHÉgç eRBaHza RBHeyaKImin GacedIm|Iminsáat´cakZm(TaMgLayCaGkusl

eBalKÅnIvrN;

déTeT[t eRkAGMBIkamqnÞ;enHehIy cUleTAkan´QanehIyenA:n eLIy eRBaHehtuenaH Év GkSrenaH bNÐit Kb|IeXIj sUm|Ikñúg bTTaMg 2 y¨agenH za ²sáb´sáat´EmnBitcakkamTaMgLay sáb´ sáat´Bit cakZm(TaMgLayCaGkusl³ dUecñH . 1– suÇ xuÇ PaK 71 TMB&r 348 .

ÉvievkTaMgLay

2– suÇ GMÇ PaK 43 TMB&r 245 .


visuTÆimK< ERb

309

310

bfvIksiNnieTÞs

TaMgBYg mantTg<vievkCaedImpg mancitþvievkCaedImpg Etgdl´

cakkielskamenaH . mYyeT[t bNÐitKb|IRCabza ²kñúg:f;TaMg

nUvkarrYbrYm edayBaküCaTUeTAenHza ²sáb´sáat´ehIy³dUecñH sUm|I

2 enaH karlHbg´nUvkamsux KÅelaksMEdg oCak´c|as´ehIy

kñúgbTTaMg 2 Ég

k*BitEmnehIy EtebITukCadUecñaH vievkTaMg 3 hñwg

kayvievk citþvievk vik¡mÖnvievk bNÐit Kb|IeXIj kñúg

KÅ ;

QankzaenH . k*edaybTenHza ²kaemhi³ vtæúkamTaMgLayÉNa EdlRBH

eday:f;xagedIm

eRBaHsMEdgdl´karsáat´cakvtæúkamTaMgLay

EmnBitç karkMNt´yknUvenk¡mμsux KÅelaksMEdg oCak´c|as´ ehIy eday:f;TI2 eRBaHsMEdgdl´karsáat´cakkielskamTaMg Lay

.

mYyeT[t

eRBaHsMEdgdl´karsáat´cakvtæúkam

nig

manRBHPaKRtas´ehIy kñúgnieTÞs edayn&yza ²vtæúkamTaMgLay

kielskam dUcKñaenaHÉg karlHbg´nUvkielsvtæú KÅelaksMEdg

KÅrUbCaTIKab´citþ CaTIRsLaj´ ‘1’ ³ dUecñHCaedIm nig

oCak´c|as´ehIyeday:f;xagedIm bNþa:f;TaMgBIrenaHç kar

kielskamTaMgLayÉNa EdlRBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ehIy

lHbg´nUvsg,iels KÅelak sMEdgoCak´c|as´ehIy eday:f;

kñúgviPg< kñúgnieTÞsenaH dUcKñaEdr y¨agenHza ²q&nÞ; ehAza kamç

TI2ç

raK; ehAza kamç qnÞraK; ehAza kamç sg,b|; ehAzakamç kar

c|as´ehIy eday:f;TI1ç

eRtkRtGal ehAza kamç sg,b|raK; ehAza kamç kielsTaMg

elaksMEdg oCak´c|as´ehIy eday:f;TI 2ç

etIdUcemþc/

LayenH ehAza kam³ dUecñHç vtæúkam nig kielskamTaMgLay TaMgBYgenaH bNÐit Kb|IeXIjza elakrYbrYmehIydUecñHEmnBit . k*kalebImanehtuy¨agenH

:f; za ²sáat´cakkamTaMgLayEmn

Bit³ dUecñHenaH sUm|ImanesckþIza ²sáat´ehIy cakvtæúkamTaMg LayEmnBit³ dUecñH k*eRbIkar:n . kayvievk CavievkEdlelak eBalehIy edaykarsáat´cakvtæúkamenaH . :f;za ²sáat´ehIy cakGkuslZm(TaMgLay³ dUecñH nwgykesckþIza ²sáat´ehIy cakkielskamTaMgLay ß cakGkuslTaMgBYgTaMgLay³ dUecñH k*smKYr . citþvievk CavievkEdlelakeBalehIyedaykarsáat´ 1–

suÇ

xuÇ

mhaÇ

PaKTI 64 TMB&rTI 1 .

karlHbg´nUvehtuénPaBelaPln´

KÅelaksMEdgoCak´

karlHbg´nUvehtuénPaBlág´exøA KÅ ÉesckþIbrisuTÆi

edaykarBüayam KÅelaksMEdg oCak´c|as´ehIy eday:f;TI 1ç karCMrHGZüaRs&y KÅelaksMEdgoCak´c|as´ehIyeday:f; TI2³ .

bNÐit Kb|IRCabn&yenH kñúgBYkvtæúkam bNþakam Edl

elakeBalehIy kñúgbTenHza ²cakkamTaMgLay³ dUecñHmun . cMENkkúñgBYkkielskam manRbePTCaGenk

esckþIeBjcitþ

kñúgkamhñwgÉg

edayeQμaHCaGaTi¾y¨agenH za ²esckþIeBj

citþdUecñHpg teRmkdUecñHpg³ KåelakbMNgykehIyza ²kam³ . k*kamqnÞ;enaH

sUm|ICakiels

Edlelakrab´bJ©ÚlehIy

kñúg

Gkusl k*RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´ehIyepSgKña eRBaHCasRtUv cMeBaHQan kñúgviPg< edayn&yza ²bNþakamCaGkuslenaH kam


visuTÆimK< ERb

311

TaMgLay etIdUcemþc/ KÅ qnÞ; eQμaHza kam³ dUecñHCaedIm.

mYy

vijeT[t kamqnÞ;enaH elakeBalehIy kñúgbTxagedIm eRBaH kamqnÞ;enaHCakielskamç KÅelakeBalehIy kñúgbTTI2 eRBaH kamqnÞ;enaH KÅelakrab´bJ©ÚlehIy kñúgGkusl .

ÉBaküza

312

bfvIksiNnieTÞs

RBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ehIy eday:f;TI 2 enH za ²sáb´sáat´ehIy cakGkuslZm(TaMgLay³ dUecñH . cMENkesckþIGZib|ay bNÐit Kb|IRCab edays&BÞEdl elakminTan´:nkan´ykehIyza ²esckþIsáb´sáat´eRBaHkarsg,t´

²kameta³ dUecñH KÅRBHmanRBHPaK min:nRtas´ehIy ‘Et’ RTg´

sg,innUvkamqnÞ; KÅRBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ehIy edaybTTI1ç

Rtas´za ²kaemhi³ dUecñH eRBaHPav;énkamenaHmaneRcInRbePT .

esckþIsáb´sáat´ eRBaHkarsg,t´sg,innUvnIvrN; d*essTaMgLay

mYyeT[t

KÅRBHmanRBHPaKRtas´ehIy edaybTTI2ç

sUm|IkalebIPav;énZm(TaMgLaydéTeT[t

manç nIvrN;TaMgLayhñwgÉg

CaGkusl

KÅRBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ehIy

GkuslmUlTaMgLay 3

n&ydUcKñaenaHEdr kñúg

esckþIsáb´sáat´ eRBaHkarsg,t´sg,in

²bNþaZm(TaMgLayenaH Zm(TaMgLayCa

nUvelaP; EdlmanRbePTénkamKuN 5 CaGarmμN¾ KÅRBHmanRBH

Gkusl etIdUcemþc/ KWkamqnÞ;³ dUecñHCaedIm eRBaHkarsMEdgnUv

PaKRTg´Rtas´ehIy edaybTTI1ç esckþIsáb´sáat´ eRBaHkarsg,t´

Pav;énnIvrNZm(enaH CaTMnas´ nig CasRtUv dl´Gg<énQanTaMg

sg,innUveTas; nig emah;TaMgLay EdlmanRbePTénGaXat-

LayBÆd*xagelI .

vtæúCaedIm CaGarmμN¾ KÅRBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ehIy eday

kñúgviPg<

edayn&yza

manBaküGZib|ayza ²eRBaHza nIvrN;TaMg

Lay CasRtUvdl´Gg<Qan. Gg<QanTaMgLaynu@HÉg CasRtUv

bTTI2ç

KÅCaeRK]gkMcat´ KÅCaeRK]gsmøab´nUvnIvrN;TaMgLayenaH³ . Bit

sáb´sáat´ eRBaHkarsg,t´sg,innUvkaemaX;ç kameyaK;ç kamasvç

dUecñaHEmn BaküenH KÅRBHmhakc©anetær eBalehIy kñúgKm¬Irbidk

kamu:Tanç GPiCÄakayKnæ; nig kamraKsMeyaCn¾TaMgLay KÅ

za ²smaZi CasRtUv dl´kamqnÞ;ç bIti CasRtUv dl´Büa:Tç

RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ehIy edaybTTI1ç

vitk,; CasRtUv dl´zInmiTÆ;ç sux; CasRtUv dl´óTÆc©; kuk,úc©;ç

eRBaHkarsg,t´sg,innUvOX;ç eyaK;ç Gasv;ç ó:Tanç kayKnæ;

vicar; CasRtUv dl´vicikicäa³ dUecñH .

edayn&yEdl:neBal

mkenH kñúg:f;TaMg 2 enaH esckþIsáb´sáat´ eRBaHkarsg,t´sg,in nUvkamqnÞ; KÅRBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ehIy eday:f;enH za

²sáb´sáat´ehIyEmnBitcakkamTaMgLay³dUecñHç esckþIsáb´sáat´ eRBaHkarsg,t´sg,in nUvnIvrNZm(TaMgLay 5 hñwgÉg

KÅRBHman

mYyvijeT[t kñúgZm(TaMgLay manOX;CaedIm esckþI

esckþIsáb´sáat´

nig sMeyaCn¾d*essTaMgLay KÅRBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ehIy edaybT TI2ç

müa¨geT[t esckþIsáb´sáat´ eRBaHkarsg,t´sg,in

nUvtNØa nig BYkZm(EdlRbkbedaytNØaenaH KÅRBHmanRBHPaK Rtas´ehIy edaybTTI1ç

esckþIsáb´sáat´ eRBaHkarsg,t´sg,in

nUvGviC¢a nig Zm(TaMgLayEdlRbkbRBm edayGviC¢aenaH

KÅRBH


visuTÆimK< ERb

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manRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ehIy edaybTTI2ç mü¨agvijeT[t esckþI

314 kic©ç

bfvIksiNnieTÞs mankartamcgnUvcitþoCab´ Capl .

sáb´sáat´ eRBaHkarsg,t´sg,innUvcitþúb|aTTaMgLay 8 EdlRbkb

k*kalebIvitk,; nig vicar;TaMgBIrenaH sUm|ImankarR:scak

RBmedayelaP; KÅRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´ehIy edaybTTI 1ç

Kñamin:n kñúgTINa> k*edayç vitk,; eQμaHza kardak´citþcuH Ca

esckþIsáb´sáat´eRBaHkarsg,t´sg,innUvGkuslcitþúb|aTTaMgLay

dMbUg dUcsMeLgeKaHrKaMg eRBaHesckþIza eRKatRKat nig eRBaH

4

esckþIza mancitþdl´mun .

d*ess KÅRBHmanRBHPaK Rtas´ehIy edaybTTI2³ dUecñH . BaküEdl:neBalmkenH

CaBaküsMEdgnUvesckþI

kñúg

vicar; eQμaHza kartamcgrwt dUcCa

sUrlan´énrKaMg eRBaHGtæza lÁit nig eRBaHCasPaBtambe:s

Qan:f;enHza ²sáb´sáat´ehIyEmnBit cakkamTaMgLay sáb´

GEgÁl .

k*bNþavitk,; nig vicar;TaMg2 enaH vitk,; mankareqøqøa

sáat´ehIy cakGkuslZm(TaMgLay³ dUecñHmun .

éncitþ kñúgkalekIteLIgCaelIkdMbUg eRBaHkiriyapSayeTA éncitþ

RTg´Rtas´sMEdgnUvGg<CaeRK]glH

dUckarTTHsøabénstVsøab EdlR:zñacg´ehIreLIgeTAelIGakas

énbfmCÄan eday:f;manRbmaNb¨ueNÑHehIy «LÚvenH edIm|I

nig dUcCakiriyaEbrmuxeq¬aHeTArkp,aQUk énPmrCati Edlmancitþ

sMEdgGg<CaeRK]gRbkb eTIbRTg´Rtas´BaküenH za ²Rbkbeday

kYcCab´ kñúgeRK]gRkGUb y¨agenaHÉgç vicar; mankarRbRBwtþisáb´

vitk,; Rbkbedayvicar;³ dUecñHCaedIm .

manPav;éncitþmineqøqøa éRkeBk

‘92’

k*RBHmanRBHPaK

kñúgBaküTaMgenaH

esckþIRtiHriH

GZib|ayza; knÞHra kñúgGarmμN¾ .

eQμaHza

vitk,;

manBakü

vitk,;enHenaH mankarbenÞa

bg´nUvcitþ kñúgGarmμN¾Calk¡N;ç mankardwknaM nig karTajmk nUvcitþCakic© . elakehAza;

BitdUecñaHEmn edayGg<KWvitk,;enaH RBHeyaKavcr eZVInUvGarmμN¾oCaGarmμN¾

dUcCakarsMkaMgsøab énstVbkSI

EdlehIreLIgeTAelIGakas nig dUcCakarehIreqV{lqVat´ enAxag elIénp,aQUk énPmrCati EdlcuHmkRtwbp,aQUk y¨agdUecñaHÉg. cMENkkñúgGdðkzaTukni:t RBHGdðkzacarü eBalza ²vitk,; EdlRbRBwtþeTA edayPav;énkarbegÁancitþcUleTAkñúgGarmμN¾ dUc

vitk,;naMmkehIy

CakiriyaénstVsøabd*ZM EdlehIreTABÆd*Gakas júaMgxül´oCk´

oCaGarmμN¾ KÅvitk,; TajmkehIy³ dUecñH .

vitk,; mankarnaM

edaysøabTaMgBIr sMLbsøabTaMgLayehIy eTIb ‘ehIr’ eTA k*

mknUvcitþ kñúgGarmμN¾ Capl . karRtac´eTA eQμaHza vicar;ç manBaküGZib|ayza; karRtac´ eTAtamer]y>.

vicar;enHenaH mankartamsÞabGEgÁlnUvGarmμN¾

Calk¡N;ç mankartamRbkbnUvshCatZm( kñúgGarmμN¾enaH Ca

y¨agenaHÉg .

vicar; EdlRbRBwtþeTAehIy edayPav; KÅkartam

be:sGEgÁl dUcCakiriyaénstVsøabTTHnUvsøabTaMgLay edIm|I KYcykxül´ ‘ehIr’ eTA y¨agenaHÉg . BakükñúgGdðkzaTukni:tenaH eRbIkar:n EtkñúgkiriyaRbRBwtþi


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316

bfvIksiNnieTÞs eQμaHza vievkç

eTAedaykarBak´B&nÆKñaeT. cMENkesckþIepSgKñaénvitk,; nigvicar;

esckþIsáat´

enaH CaesckþIR:kdehIykñúgbfmCÄan nigTutiyCÄanTaMgLay.

n&ymYyeT[t ZmμCat ÉNa sáat´ehIy ehtuenaH ZmμCatenaH

mYyvijeT[t vitk,; dUcCaédEdlcab´maM vicar; dUcCaédEdl

GZib|ayza; R:scaknIvrNZm(ç

eQμaHza vievk KÅZm(Edlsáat´ehIycaknIvrN;ç GZib|ayza kg

xat´ énbuK<lGñkcab´nUvPaCn;sMrwt EdlERcHcab´ehIy y¨agCab´

Zm(EdlRbkbRBmehIy edayQan .

edayédm¡ag ehIyykRcasknÞúystV RClk´eRbg layeday

vievkC; eRBaHekItehIyGMBIvievkenaH ß ekItehIy kñúgvievkenaH .

dIeLg edayédm¡ageT[t dUecñaHÉg . n&ydUcKñaenaHEdr vitk,; dUcCaédEdldMç vicar; dUcCaédEdl RbmMuRbmUltubEtg xagenHpg xagenaHpg énsμÚnqñaMg EdlbgVil kg´ehIy eZVIPaCn; edayeQIsMrab´dMdUecñaH . mYyeT[t vitk,; mankarbegÁaneTAnUvGarmμN¾ dUcCaEdkRsYc EdlbuK<ledat cMkNþalehIyfitenAç vicar; mankartambe:s GEgÁlnUvGarmμN¾ dUcCaEdkRsYcEdlbgVil BÆd*xageRkA énCag EdleZVInUvvg´mUl dUecñaHÉg . QanenH elakehAza ²Rbkbedayvitk,; Rbkbedayvicar;³

bIti nig sux; eQμaHza

bNÐitKb|IRCabesckþI kñúgbTza ²bItisuxM³ enH dUcteTA . ZmμCatiNa júaMgkay nig citþ oEqÁt ehtuenaH ZmμCatienaH eQμaHza bIti .

bIti enaH mankiriyaRbRBwtþiRsLaj´Calk¡N;ç

mankarjúaMgkay nig citþ oEqÁt Cakic© ßza mankarpSayeTA Cakic©ç mankarrIkrayCapl .

k*bIti enHenaH man 5 y¨ag KÅ;

xuTÞkabIti 1ç xNikabIti 1ç Ok,nþikabIti 1ç óeBVg<abIti 1ç prNabIti 1 . bNþabIti TaMg 5 y¨agenaH xuTÞkabIti GacedIm|I eZVInUvehtuRtwmEtRBWeram kñúgragkayb¨ueNÑaH .

xNikabIti rEmg

ekItman kñúgxN;> dUcCakarekIteLIgénepøkbenÞar .

Ok,nþikabIti

eRBaHRbRBwtþeTAmYyGenøIedayvitk,;enH nigvicar;enH dUc:neBal

xÞaMgxÞb´ yagcuHdl´kayehIyeTIbrlayeTA> dUcCarlkxÞaMgxÞb´

mkehIy eRb[bdUcCaedImeQI EdlRbRBwtþeTACamYyp,a nig Epø

nUvRcaMgsmuRTehIy k*rlay:t´eTAdUecñaH .

y¨agenaHÉg. cMENkkñúgKm¬IrviPg< elakeZVIeTsnaCabuK<laZidðan

mankmøaMg dl´nUvkareZVIkay oGENþteLIgehIy okayelat

edayn&yza ²RBHeyaKI CaGñkcUldl´ehIy CaGñkcUleTAdl´

eLIg ‘ehaH’ eTAelIGakas:n .

óeBVg<abIti CabIti

RBmehIy edayvitk,;enHpg edayvicar;enHpg³ dUecñHCaedIm .

BitdUecñaHEmn RBHmhatisSetærGñkmankiriyaenAkñúgvtþeQμaH

cMENkesckþIGZib|ay sUm|IkñúgKm¬IrviPg<:f;enaH bNÐit k*Kb|I

buNÑvløik;CaRbRktI nimnþeTARBHlanectiy kñúgeBlláac kñúg

eXIj y¨agdUecñHEdr .

ézáeBjbUN(mI eXIjBnøÅénRBHc&nÞ CaGñkmanmuxeq¬aHeTAkan´mha-

‘93’ bNÐit Kb|IRCabesckþI kñúgbTenHza ²vievkCM³ dUecñH .

ectiy nwkKitza ²Ohñ@ kñúgevlaenH bris&TTaMgbYn kMBugzVaybgM<


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318

bfvIksiNnieTÞs

mhaectiy³ júaMgóeBVg<abIti manRBHBuTÆCaGarmμN¾ oekIteLIg

d*BieraH mansPaBEbbenH³ dUecñH óeBVg<abIti k*ekIteLIgehIy .

edayGMNacénGarmμN¾ EdlxøÜneXIjehIy tamRbRktI GENþt

nagkulZItaenaH :nelateLIgelIGakasehIy cuHelITIlanRBH

eLIgeTAelIGakasehIy k*fitenAcMeBaHTIRBHlan énmhaectiy

ectiyGakasmun edayviessCagmatabitaeTAeT[t zVaybg<MRBH

Etmþg dUcCasIEs|kd*viciRtEdleKkat´ehIy e:HelIépÞénzμkMe:r

ectiyehIy k*:nQrsþab´Zm( .

ehIyelateLIgeTA elIGakas dUecñaHÉg .

sUm|IkulZItamñak´

nagza ²EnkUnRsIÉg mktampøÚvNa/³ . nag:neqøIyza ²nagx\úM

kñúgvtþkalRKam EdlCaTIcUleTAGaRs&y énvtþeQμaHKiriKNÐk;

mk tamGakas minEmnmktampøÚveT³ dUecñHehIy RtUvmatabita

GENþteLIgeTAelIGakasehIy edayóeBVg<abIti EdlmanRBHBuTÆ

sYrbJ¢ak´za ²mñalkUnRsI! ZmμtatampøÚvGakas RBHxINaRsB

CaGarmμN¾d*mankmøaMg k*y¨agenaHEdr .

TaMgLay EtgRtac´eTAç nagÉgmk ‘tampøÚvGakas’:n y¨agdUc

RKaenaH matabita :nmksYr

:n»mkza matabitarbs´nagkulZItaenaH kaleTAvtþedIm|I

emþceTA/³dUecñH eTIbR:b´za ²kalEdlnagx\úMQrRkeLkemIlRBH

sþab´Zm(kñúgeBlláac R:b´za ²mñalkUnRsI nagmanPar;d*Zán´min

ectiyedayBnøÅRBHc&nÞ bItid*mankmøaMg EdlmanRBHBuTÆCaGarmμN¾

GaceTA kñúgkalminKYr:neTç eyIgnwgsþab´Zm( ocMENkbuNü

ekIteLIgehIyç RKaenaHÉg nagx\úM k*min:n dwgnUvPav;énxøÜnQr

dl´nag³ dUecñHehIy eTIb:neTA .

min:ndwgnUvPav;énxøÜnGg<úyesaHeLIy

cg´eTA

Etk*minGacbMBanBakü

nagkulZItaenaH sUm|IR:zña

rbs´matabitaenaH:neLIy

k*

RkajenAkñúgpÞH kalQrenAelIranhalénpÞHcas´ehIy RkeLk emIlRBHlanectiy tamGakas kñúgvtþeQμaHKiriKNÐk; eday

k*Rsab´EtGENþteTAelI

Gakas edaynimitþEdlcitþ:nkMNt´ykehIyn@uHÉg ehIyk*mk Rbtisðan enARtg´lanénRBHectiyEtmþg³ dUecñH . óeBVg<abIti

CabIti mankiriyaGENþteLIgeTA elIGakas Ca

BnøÅénRBHc&nÞ :neXIjnUvkarbUCaRBHectiy edayRbTIb:neXIj

RbmaN y¨agdUecñHÉg .

bris&TbYn kMBugeZVIkarbUCaRBHectiy edaysk,ar;TaMgLaymanp,a

k*kalebIprNabIti

ekIteLIgehIyç

kRmg nig eRK]gRkGUbCaedImehIy eZVIRbTkSiN nig :nsþab´»

KÅbItienaH

sMeLgsVaZüayCaBYkrbs´Pik¡úsg¹pg.

EdlTwkbsSav; hUreBjehIy BMuenaHesat óbmadUcCaeRCaHPñM

RKaenaH kalEdlnag

kMBugEtemIlRBHectiy EdldUcCaKMnrénEkvmutþa edaynwkKit za ²BYkCnTaMgLayenH CaGñkmanbuNüetIhñ@! Edl:neTAvtþehIy edIrRtac´eTAmkelIlanRBHectiyEbbenH nig :nsþab´nUvZmμkza

RKbsg,t´eRsacRsb´ehIy

srIr;TaMgmUlCasrIr;

óbmadUcCaRkBHbsSav;

RtUvTwkCMnn´d*ZM eRsacRsb´ehIy y¨agdUecñaHÉg . cMENkbItiTaMg

5

enaHÉg

kalkan´yknUvépÞ

cas´eBjbnÞúk rEmgjúaMgbsSTÆiTaMg 2 y¨ag

dl´nUvkar

KÅ kaybsSTÆi 1ç


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bfvIksiNnieTÞs

citþbsSTÆi 1 oeBjbribUr . bsSTÆi kalkan´yknUvépÞ dl´nUv

esckþIeRtkGrkñúgkar:neXIjnUvCayéRB nig kar:n»dMNwgza

karcas´eBjbnÞúk rEmgjúaMgesckþIsuxTaMg2 y¨agKÅ kayiksux

manRClgTwkTaMgLayç sux eRb[bdUcCaesckþIsb|ayrIkray

1ç ectsiksux 1 oeBjbribUr .

esckþIsuxkalkan´yképÞ

dl´nUvkarcas´eBjbnÞúk rEmgjúaMgsmaZibIy¨agKÅ xNiksmaZi 1ç óbcarsmaZi 1ç

Gb|nasmaZi 1 oeBjbribUr .

bNþabItiTaMg 5 enaH prNabItiNa EdlcMerIneLIg Cab\s Kl´énGb|nasmaZi dl´nUvkarRbkbedaysmaZiç prNabItienH CabIti KÅelakbMNgykehIy kñúgesckþIenH . cMENkbTeRkAGMBIenH ‘manGZib|aydUcteTAenH’ . esckþI sb|ay eQμaHza sux .

n&ymYyeT[t ZmμCatNa kat´ KÅCIk

KÅkMcat´ nUvGaBaZEdlRbRBwtþeTA kñúgkay nig citþ edayRbéB ehtuenaH

ZmμCatenaH eQμaHza esckþIsux .

mankarRtCak´Calk¡N;ç

esckþIsuxenaH

mankarcUleTAcMerInnUvZm(TaMgLay

EdlRbkbRBm edayesckþIsuxenaH Cakic©ç mankarCYyGnueRKaH Capl . k*sUm|IkalebIkarminR:scakGMBIKña kñúgTINa> énbIti nig sux;enaHmanBitEmnç bNÐitKb|IRCabzaesckþIeRtkGr eRBaH:n nUvGarmμN¾EdlCaTIR:zña eQμaHza bItiç karesaynUvrsén«dðarmμN¾EdlxøÜn:nehIy eQμaHza sux . bIti mankñúgTINaç sux rEmgman kñúgTIenaH .

sux mankñúgTINaç bIti nwgman kñúgTIenaH

edaymin:nkMNt´ .

bIti KWelakse®g<aHehIy kñuúgsg¡ark¡nÆç

sux KWelakse®g<aHehIy edayevTnaxnÆ .

bIti eRb[bbIdUcCa

kñúgkar:ncUleTARCk kñúgmøb´éRBeQI nig kar:nbriePaK nUvTwk TaMgLayénCnGñken]yht´kñúgpøÚvqáay . k*BaküenH bNÐit Kb|I RCabza ;

elak eBalehIy eRBaHbIti nig sux manR:kd kñúg

sm&yenaH > . bItienHpg sux;enHpg dUc:ner[brab´mkenH mandl´Qan enaH ßza mankúñgQanenaH eRBaHehtuenaH QanenH eTIbelak ehAza ²manbIti nig sux³. mYyeT[t bItipg sux;pg ehAzabIti nig sux

dUcCaBaküsmasza Zmμvin&y CaedIm .

bIti nig sux

EdlekItGMBIvievk mandl´QanenaH ßza mankñúgQanenaH ehtu enaH QanenH elakehAza manbIti nig sux EdlekItGMBIvievk dUecñHk*:n . EmnBit QanekItGMBIvievk y¨agNamijç sUm|IbIti nig sux kñúgQanenaH k*ekItGMBIvievk y¨agenaHEdr .

ÉbIti nig

sux EdlekItGMBIvievkenaH mandl´QanenaH ehtuenaH kareBal za ²bIti nig sux EdlekItGMBIvievk³ rEmgKYr edaybTEtmYyn@uH Ég .

cMENkkñúgviPg< RBHmanRBHPaKRtas´ehIy edayn&yCa

GaTi¾za ²suxenH RbkbedaybItienH³ dUecñH. b¨uEnþesckþIGZib|ay kñúgviPg<enaH bNÐitKb|IeXIjza y¨agdUecñHEdr . Baküza ²QanTImYy³ enH nwgmanR:kdxagmux . bTza

²óbsm|C¢³ ERbza cUleTAdl´ehIy GZib|ayza dl´ehIy ß ERbza ocUleTAdl´ehIyç GZib|ayza osMercehIy . Etkñúg


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322

bfvIksiNnieTÞs

viPg< elakeBalza bTza ²óbsm|C¢³ KÅkar:nç kar:ncMeBaHç

EmnBit citþ EdlRtUvkamqnÞ; lYgelamehIy kñúgGarmμN¾epSg>

kardl´ç kardl´RBmç karBal´RtUvç karBal´RtUvRBmç kiriyaeZVI

rEmgmintm,l´enAmaM kñúgPaBéncitþmanGarmμN¾EtmYy:neLIy .

oCak´c|as´ç

n&ymYyeT[t citþ enaH KÅkamqnÞ;RKbsg,t´ehIy EtgminedIreTA

karcUleTAsMercnUvQanTI1 .

bNÐit Kb|IeXIj

esckþIGZib|ay sUm|IénviPg<:f;enaHdUcenHEdr. bTza ²vihrti³

kan´pøÚv edIm|IlHbg´nUvkamZatu .

esckþIza RBHeyaKI CaGñk:nQan manRbkar;dUc:neBalmk

Büa:T;b¨HTg<ic kñúgGarmμN¾ rEmgRbRBwtþeTA Gs´kalCanic©nirnþr¾

ehIy y¨agenH júaMgkiriyaRbRBwtþieTA júaMgkarRbRBwtþi júaMgkar

BMu:neLIy .

rkSa júaMgkareTA júaMgkareZVIdMeNIreTA júaMgkarRtac´eTA júaMgkar

dl´kargareLIy . citþEdlmanóTÆc©kuk,úc©;CaRtImux Cacitþminsáb´

enAénGtþPaB oRbRBwtþeTA edayZm(CaeRK]genA

rmáab´eLIy rEmgvilvl´.

kñúg«riyabz

mYyeT[t citþenaH kalRtUv

citþ EdlRtUvzInmiTÆ;RKbsg,t´ehIy CacitþminKYr

citþEdlvicikicäacUleTAeb[teb[nehIy

dUcCaBaküEdlelakeBalehIy kñúg

rEmgmineLIgeTAkan´pøÚv EdljúaMgkar:nQan osMerceLIy .

viPg<za; bTza ²vihrti³ esckþIza rEmgRbRBwtþeTA KÅRbRBwtþ rkSa

nIvrN;TaMg5 enHÉg elakeBalza ²Gg<EdlRtUvlHbg´³ eRBaH

eTA eZVIdMeNIreTA Rtac´eTA enA eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbelakeBal

nIvrN;TaMg 5 enaH CaehtueZVIoGnþraydl´Qan edayviess

za vihrti .

dUceBalmkenH .

d*smKYrdl´QanenaH .

‘94’ cMENkÉBaküNa Edlx\úM:neBalehIyza ²bfmCÄan

k*vitk,; júaMgcitþoOneTA kñúgGarmμN¾ç vicar; rEmgcgeRk[k

manGg<5 lHehIy RbkbRBmehIyedayGg< 5³ dUecñHç kñúgBakü

Tukç bIti EdlekItRBmedaybeyaKsm|tþi eZVInUvesckþIEqÁt nig

enaH bNÐitKb|IRCabPav;énbfmCÄan lHGg< 5 edayGMNacén

sux eZVInUvkarcUleTAcMerIn dl´citþEdlmanbeyaK KÅvitk,; nig

karlHbg´nUvnIvrN;TaMg 5 enH

KÅ kamqnÞ;ç Büa:T;ç zInmiTÆ;ç

vicar;TaMgenaH osMercehIy edaykarminraymayç RKaenaH PaB

óTÆc©kuk,úc©;ç vicikicäa . k*kalebInIvrN;TaMgLayenaH KÅRBHeyaKI

éncitþmanGarmμN¾EtmYy KÅkarbegÁancitþ karcgeRk[kTuk karEqÁt

minTan´lHbg´ehIy Qan k*ekIteLIgBMu:neLIyç eRBaHehtuenaH

nig karcUleTAcMerInTaMgLayenaH GnueRKaHehIy rEmgkYckan´ nUv

nIvrN;TaMgenaH eTIbelakeBalza²Gg<CaeRK]glH³ énbfmCÄan

citþenaH EdlRbRBwtþeTAmYyGenøIedaysm|yutþZm(d*ess eday

enaH .

esμI nig edayRbéB kñúgÉktþarmμN¾ ehtuNaç

k*Zm(TaMgLayCaGkusl sUm|IdéTeT[t KÅRBHeyaKIEtg

ehtuenaH Pav;

lHbg´ kñúgxN;énQan k*BitEmnehIy ebITukCadUecñaH nIvrN;

énbfmCÄan RbkbedayGg< 5 bNÐitKb|IRCab edayGMNacén

TaMg 5 enHÉg CaeRK]geZVIesckþIGnþraydl´Qanedayviess .

karekIteLIgénGg<TaMgLay 5 enH KÅ; vitk,;ç vicar;ç bItiç sux;ç


visuTÆimK< ERb cietþkK<ta .

323

eRBaHzakalebIGg<TaMg5 enH ekIteLIgehIy Qan

CaZmμCat eQμaHza ekIteLIgehIy .

eRBaHehtuenaH Gg<TaMg 5

enaH eTIbehAza Gg<RbkbRBmehIy énbfmCÄanenaH .

eRBaH

ehtuenaH eQμaHzaQan déTeT[t EdlRbkbRBmedayGg<TaMg 5 enH bNÐit minKYrRbkan´za mandUecñHeT .

324

bfvIksiNnieTÞs

ekIteLIg

dUcCaépÞsμúKCan´xagelI

Bal´RtUvépÞsμúKCan´xageRkam

dUecñaH .

enHCaesckþIviess CagkamavcrcitþTaMgLayeRkABIenH

énGg<TaMgLay 5 enaH . bNþaGg<TaMgLay5 enaH PaBéncitþmanGarmμN¾EtmYy RBH

dUcCaesna KÅelak

manRBHPaK min:nsMEdgecjehIy kñúg:lIenHza ²Rbkbeday

eBalza RbkbedayGg< 4ç tUrüt®nþI KÅelakeBalzaRbkbeday

vitk,; Rbkbedayvicar;³ dUecñH k*BitEmnehIy ebITukCadUecñaH k*

Gg< 5ç mK< KÅelakeBalza RbkbedayGg< 8

edayGMNacén

eday cietþkK<taenaH k*eQμaHza CaGg< edayBit eRBaHRBHGg<

ehtuRtwmEtGg<b¨ueNÑaHÉg y¨agNaç sUm|IbfmCÄanenH k*bNÐit

Rtas´kñúgviPg< y¨agenHza; Baküza ²Qan KÅ; vitk,;ç vicar;ç bItiç

Kb|IRCabza ²elakeBalza manGg< 5 ßza RbkbedayGg< 5

sux;ç cietþkK<ta³ dUecñH .

edayGMNacehtuRtwmEtGg<b¨ueNÑaHÉg k*y¨agenaHEdr . Gg<TaMg

ehIy

5 enH mansUm|IkñúgxN;énóbcar; k*BitEmnehIy ebITukCadUecñaH

esckþIGZib|ay KÅRBHGg<RTg´:nRbkasehIy kñúgviPg<enaH .

kñúgóbcar; Gg<TaMg 5 enaH CaGg<EdlmankmøaMgxøaMgCagcitþCa RbRktI . cMENkkñúgbfmCÄanenH Gg<TaMg5 enaH dl´nUvlk¡N; énrU:vcr; CaGg<EdlmankmøaMgxøaMgCagóbcar;eTAeT[t . Emn Bit

bNþaGg<TaMg 5 enaH vitk,; kalbegÁancitþeTA kñúgGarmμN¾

edayGakar; d*ekø{vkøaeBjTI eTIbekIteLIg .

vicar; kaltam

be:sGEgÁlnUvGarmμN¾ y¨agéRkElg eTIbekIteLIg . bIti nig sux pSBVpSayeTAkan´kayTUeTATaMgGs´ eTIbekIteLIg .

eRBaH

ehtuenaH :nCaRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´za ²Gvyv;Rtg´NamYy

énragkayTaMgBYg rbs´RBHeyaKIGñk:nbfmCÄanenaH KWbIti nig sux;EdlekItBIvievk minb¨HBal´ehIyminmaneLIy³ . sUm|IPav; éncitþmanGarmμN¾Et 1 CaZmμCatBal´RtUv kñúgGarmμN¾TaMgLay

EmnBit óeTÞs RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´eZVI

edayesckþIGZib|ayNaç

‘95’

esckþIGZib|ayenaHÉg

Ca

cMENkesckþIvinicä&y kñúg 2 bTenHza ²bfmCÄan

manlMG 3 y¨ag dl´RBmedaylk¡N; 10³ mandUcteTAenH ; bNÐitKb|IRCabPav;énbfmCÄanmanlMG 3 Rbkar edayGMNac énlMGxagedImç kNþal nig xagcugç mYyeT[t Pav;énbfmCÄan enaH dl´RBmedaylk¡N; 10 k*bNÐit Kb|IRCab edayGMNac lk¡N;énlMGbTedImç kNþal nig bTxagcugTaMgLayn@uHÉg . :lIkñúgmatikaenaH mandUcteTAenH ; ²bdibTavisuTÆi CalMGbTxagedIm énbfmCÄanç karrIkcMerIn er]y> énóebk¡a CalMGbTkNþalénbfmCÄanç esckþIrIkray CalMGbTxagcug énbfmCÄan . ‘sYrza’

bdibTavisuTÆi

CalMGbTxagedIm

énbfmCÄanç


visuTÆimK< ERb

325

‘eqøIyza’ lk¡N;TaMgLay énlMGbTxagedIm man 3 KÅ; esckþIGnþrayNaénbfmCÄanenaHç citþ brisuTÆcakesckþIGnþray enaH 1ç citþedIreTAkan´smznimitþ EdlCapøÚvkNþal eRBaHPav; citþ sÞúHeTA kñúgsmznimitþenaH eRBaHPav;

éncitþedIreTAehIy 1ç karEdlcitþbrisuTÆcakesckþIGnþraykþIç kar EdlcitþedIreTAkan´smznimitþ

EdlCapøÚvkNþal kñúgsmznimitþenaH

eRBaHbrisuTÆ

ehIykþIç

karEdlcitþsÞúHeTA

ehIykþIç

enaH KÅCabdibTavisuTÆi CalMGbTxagedIm énbfmCÄanç

enH Calk¡N; 3 énlMGbTxagedImç eBalza;

bfmCÄan

eRBaHcitþedIreTA

eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbelak

CaQanmanlMGbTxagedImpg

bfvIksiNnieTÞs

enH Calk¡N; 3 énlMGbTkNþalç

lk¡N;TaMgLay énlMGbTxagedIm manb¨unμany¨ag/ .

éncitþbrisuTÆehIy 1ç

326

dl´RBm

edaylk¡N; 3 pg dUecñH .

eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbelak

eBalza bfmCÄanmanlMGbTkNþalpg dl´RBmedaylk¡N; 3 pg y¨agdUecñHÉg . ‘sYrza’

esckþIrIkray

CalMGbTxagcug

énbfmCÄanç

lk¡N;TaMgLay énlMGbTxagcug etImanb¨unμany¨ag/ . ‘eqøIyza’

lk¡N;TaMgLay énlMGbTxagcug man 4 KÅ

esckþIrIkray edayesckþIza minRbRBwtþknøgnUvZm(TaMgLayEdl ekItehIy kñúgQancitþenaH 1ç

esckþIrIkray edayesckþI za

«®nÞIy¾TaMgLaymanrsEtmYy 1ç esckþIrIkray edayesckþI za karbENþtnUvesckþIBüayamEdlcUleTAdl´QanenaH 1ç esckþI rIkray edayesckþIza kiriyaesBedayeRcIn 1ç

TaMg 4 y¨ag

enH CaesckþIrIkray CalMGbTxagcug énbfmCÄanç

‘sYrza’ karrIkcMerInénóebk¡aCalMGbTkNþalénbfmCÄanç lk¡N;TaMgLay énlMGbTkNþal manb¨unμany¨ag / .

sMLwgemIlnUvcitþEdledIreTAkan´smz;ehIy 1ç

lk¡N; 4 énlMGbTxagcugç eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbelakeBalza ²bfmCÄan CaQanmanlMGbTxagcugpg dl´RBmedaylk¡N;

‘eqøIyza’ lk¡N;TaMgLay énlMGbTkNþal man 3 KÅ

4 pg³ dUecñHÉg .

cUleTA

‘96’

cUleTAsMLwg

RbkarenaH

RBHeyaKI cUleTAsMLwgemIlnUvcitþEdlbrisuTÆehIy 1ç

enH KÅCa

GacarümYyRkum óbcar;

BN(na y¨agdUecñHza ²kñúgZm(TaMg 3

RbRBwtþeTAmYyGenøIedaysmÖar;

eQμaHza

emIlnUvcitþEdlCaTItaMg énGarmμN¾EtmYy 1ç

karEdlRBHeyaKI

bdibTavisuTÆiç Gb|na eQμaHza karcMerInedayóebk¡aç R:C\a Edl

cUleTAsMLwgemIl nUvcitþEdlbrisuTÆehIykþIç

karEdlRBHeyaKI

CaeRK]gBicarNaeQμaHza esckþIrIkray³ .

cMENkkñúgRBH:lI

cUleTAsMLwgemIl nUvcitþEdledIreTAkan´smz;ehIykþIç karEdl

RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´za ²citþ Edldl´nUvPaBmanGarmμN¾Et

RBHeyaKIcUleTAsMLwgemIlnUvcitþEdlCaTItaMg énGarmμN¾EtmYy

mYy CacitþsÞúHeTAkan´bdibTavisuTÆipg CacitþKÅóebk¡aocMerInehIy

kþIç enaH CakiriyarIkcMerInénóebk¡a CalMGbTkNþalénbfmCÄanç

pg CacitþEdljaNeZVIorIkrayehIypg³ dUecñH eRBaHehtuNaç


visuTÆimK< ERb

327

328

bfvIksiNnieTÞs

eRBaHehtuenaH bdibTavisuTÆi bNÐit Kb|IRCab edayGMNacénmK<

brisuTÆehIy . kalebIcitþedIreTAkan´smz;ehIy edaykarcUl

CaTImk énBÆd*xagkñúgGb|nan@uHÉgç karcMerIn edayóebk¡a bNÐit

eTAkan´PaBCasmz;ç RBHeyaKI kalmineZVInUvesckþIxVl´xVay kñúg

Kb|IRCab edayGMNackic© éntRtmCÄtþúebk¡a nig esckþIrIkray

kiriyasmaTanmþgeT[t eQμaHza cUleTAsMLwgemIl nUvcitþEdl

bNÐitKb|IRCab edayGMNacénkiriyasMercnUvkic©énjaN Edl

edIreTAkan´smz;ehIy .

eZVIopUrpg´

karCab´CMBak´ edaysg,ielsehIy taMgenAmaMehIy edayPaB

edayjúaMgPav;KÅkarminRbRBwtþiknøg

nUvZm(TaMgLay

mYyeT[t kalEdlcitþenaH lHbg´nUv

CaedImosMerc. sYrza; BaküenH manGZib|aydUcemþc/. eqøIy

éncitþmanGarmμN¾EtmYy

za; k*Gb|naekIteLIg kñúgvar;Naç kñúgvar;enaH citþ rEmgbrisuTÆ

hñwgÉg

sÁat cakBYkkielseBalKÅnIvrN; EdlCaesckþIGnþray dl´

edayPaBEtmYy‘éncitþ’ eQμaHza cUleTAsMLwgemIlkartaMgenA

QanenaH.

maM edayPaBEtmYy‘éncitþ’ . karcMerIneLIgénóebk¡a bNÐitKb|I

CaeRK]graraMg

eRBaHcitþbrisuTÆehIy citþCaZmμCatR:scakkiels rEmgedIreTAkan´smznimitþ

EdlCapøÚvkNþal

.

Gb|nasmaZicitþ EdlRbRBwtþeTAesμIn@uHÉg eQμaHza smznimitþ CapøÚvkNþal .

RBHeyaKI

eRBaHPav;éncitþedIreTAehIykan´smz;

kalmineZVIesckþIxVl´xVay

kñúgkartaMgenAmaM

RCab edayGMNackic© éntRtmCÄtþúebk¡a dUceBalehIyenHÉg . mYyvijeT[t

Zm(EdlCab´KñaCaKUTaMgLay

:nxagsmaZi

k*burimcitþ EdlCaGnnþrbc©&y énGb|nacitþenaH

nig bJ¦a EdlekItehIy kúñgQancitþenaH Edlóebk¡aocMerIn

kalcUleTAkan´PaBéncitþnwgZwg edayn&yKÅkiriyaERbRbYl cak

ehIyy¨agdUecñH enHÉNa CaZm(minRbRBwtþknøgnUvKñanwgKña RbRBwtþ

snþti 1 eQμaHza edIreTAkan´smznimitþ CapøÚvkNþal .

eRBaH

eTAehIy nig «®nÞIy¾TaMgLayNa mansTÆi®nÞIy¾CaedIm Ca«®nÞIy¾

citþenaHedIreTAehIy y¨agenH citþeTIbeQμaHza sÞúHeTAkñúgsmz;

manrsEtmYy edayGMNacvimutþirs eRBaHPav;én«®nÞIy¾TaMgenaH

enaH

bNÐit Kb|IRCab

rYcRsLHehIycakkielsTaMgLayepSg> RbRBwtþeTAehIyç RBH

bdibTavisuTÆi EdljúaMgGakar;EdlmankñúgburimcitþosMerc eday

eyaKIenaH júaMgesckþIBüayamNa EdlsmKYrdl´Pav;enaH KÅ

GMNacénmK<CaTImk kñúgxN;énkiriyaekIteLIgénbfmCÄann@uHÉg

smKYrdl´Pav; KåkarminRbRBwtþiknøgnUvKñanwgKña énZm(TaMgenaH nig

edayn&ydUceBalmkenH Camunsin .

PaBCaKuNEdlmanrsEtmYy‘én«®nÞIy¾TaMgLay’ oRbRBwtþeTA.

edaykarcUleTAkan´PaBéncitþnwgZwg .

mYyvijeT[t

kalebIcitþenaH brisuTÆehIy y¨agdUecñH

RBH

cMENkkaresBedayeRcInNa

énQancitþenaH RbRBwtþeTAehIy

eyaKI kalmineZVInUvesckþIxVl´xVay kñúgkiriyaCRmH eRBaHminman

kñúgxN;enaHç Gakar;TaMgBYgenaHÉg eQμaHzasMercEmnBit eRBaH

GVIEdlRtUvCRmHmþgeT[t eQμaHza cUleTAsMLwgemIl nUvcitþEdl

CaGakar; KÅRBHeyaKIenaH eXIjnUveTas nig GanisgSenaH> kñúg


visuTÆimK< ERb

329

330

bfvIksiNnieTÞs

esckþIesAhμg nigesckþIpUrpg´TaMgLayedayjaNehIy júaMg

KuNCatenH eQμaHza Qan eRBaHcUleTAsMLwgnUvGarmμN¾ ßza

citþorIkray KÅobrisuTÆsÁat opUrpg´ehIy edayGakar;enaH>

eRBaHdutbMpøajnUvZm(EdlCasRtUv . cMENkÉmNÐléndI elak

ehtuNaç ehtuenaH eTIbx\úMeBalza ²esckþIrIkray bNÐitKb|I

ehAza ²bfvIksiN³ eRBaHesckþIza dITaMgmUl .

RCab edayGMNacénkarsMerckic©énjaNEdleZVIopUrpg´ eday

eyaKI:nehIy

karjúaMgPav;KÅkarminRbRBwtþiknøgnUvZm(TaMgenaHCaedImosMerc³ .

RBHeyaKI:nehIy

jaNCaZmμCatR:kd edayGMNacénóebk¡a kñúgPavnacitþ

eRBaHGaRs&ynUvbfvImNÐlenaHkþI kñúgnimitþkþI

elakehAza

nimitþEdlRBH QanEdl

²bfvIksiN³ .

bNþaesckþIénbfvIksiNTaMg 3 y¨agenaH kñúgesckþIenH bNÐit

enaH dUcCaelakeBalza ²RBHeyaKI rEmgcUleTAsMLwgemIlnUv

Kb|IRCabza ²Qan eQμaHza bfvIksiN³ .

citþEdlxøÜnp<gehIyy¨agdUecñaH edayRbéBç

mYy ehAza bfvIksiN CaQanKÅRBHeyaKI:nehIy³ dUecñHenaH

bJ¦i®nÞIy¾ Ca«®nÞIy¾

manRbmaNd*éRkElg edayGMNacénóebk¡a nig edayGMNac bJ¦aç

:lIza ²Qan TI

KÅelakeBalehIy sMedAykesckþIenaH .

citþ rEmgrYcRsLHcakkiels mansPaBepSg> eday

k*kalebIRBHeyaKI :nbfmCÄan y¨agenHehIyç RBHeyaKI

GMNacénóebk¡aç bJ¦i®nÞIy¾ Ca«®nÞIy¾manRbmaNéRkElg eday

enaH Kb|IkMNt´ykGakar;TaMgLay kñúgQanenaH dUcCaxμan´ZñÚ

GMNacviemak¡ nig edayGMNacbJ¦aç Zm(TaMgLayenaHCaZm(man

Gñk:j´eramknÞúy nig dUcCaGñkRKY. Zmμtanayxμan´ZñÚEdlQøas

rsEtmYy eRBaHcitþrYcRsLHehIyç Pavna Etgman eRBaHesckþI

évlÁ

za ‘Zm(TaMgenaH’ manrsEtmYy³ dUecñH eRBaHehtuNaç eRBaH

var;Na Kb|IkMNt´ykGakar; énCMhanEdlxøÜn:nCan´ehIypg

ehtuenaH esckþIrIkray EdlCakic©énjaN eTIbelakeBalza

éndgZñÚpg énExSZñÚpg énRBYjpg kñúgvar;enaHza ²GjQreday

²CaTIbMput³ .

Gakar;y¨agenH kan´dgZñÚy¨agenH kan´ExSZñÚy¨agenH kan´nUvRBYj

‘97’ «LÚvenH

bNÐitKb|IRCabesckþIvinicä&y

kaleZVIkmμ edIm|I:j´nUveramknÞúy :j´RtUveramknÞúy kñúg

kñúg:f;enH

y¨agenHehIyeTIb:j´eramknÞúy³ dUecñH cab´edImGMBIenaHmk xμan´

za ²QanTImYy ehAza bfvIksiN CaQan KÅRBHeyaKI :n

ZñÚenaH kaljúaMgGakar;TaMgenaH oseRmc edaybkar;dUecñaHÉg

ehIy³ dUcteTAenH ;

eTIb:j´eramknÞúyminxus y¨agNamijç sUm|IRBHeyaKI k*y¨ag ‘bfmCÄan’

QanenH eQμaHza bfm eRBaHmanlMdab´énkarrab´ . Qan Na ekIteLIgehIyCadMbUg ehtuenaH QanenaH eQμaHza bfm .

dUecñaHEdr Kb|IkMNt´ykGakar;TaMgLay manePaCnCaTIsb|ay CaedIm TaMgenH za ²Gj briePaKnUvePaCneQμaHenH Kb´rkbuK<l EbbenH enAkñúgesnasn;EbbenH :nsMercQanenHehIy

kñúg


visuTÆimK< ERb kalenH eday«riyabz eQμaHenH³ dUecñH .

331

332

bfvIksiNnieTÞs

eRBaHzakalebIRBH

hVaynay rbs´Gj eBalsresIrcMeBaHmØÚbenHpgç ézáenH mØÚb

eyaKIkMNt´:n y¨agenHehIyç kalebIbfmCÄanenaH :t´bg´eTA

manrsCUrKab´citþcMeBaHecAhVaynayrbs´Gjpgç ecAhVaynay

ehIykþIç RBHeyaKIenaH k*GacedIm|IjúaMgGakar;TaMgenaH oseRmc

rbs´Gj lUkcMeBaHmØÚbmanrsCUrpgç cab´ykeRcIncMeBaHmØÚbman

ehIyjúaMgQanenaH oekIteLIgmþgeT[t:n kaleZVInUvQanenaH

rsCUrpgç ecAhVaynay rbs´Gj eBalsresIr cMeBaHmØÚbman

EdlminTan´sÞat´osÞat´kþI k*GacedIm|Io:ndl´Gb|naCaer]y>.

rsCUrpg .l. eBalsresIrcMeBaHmØÚbminmanrséRbpg³ dUecñH

mYyeT[t dUcGñkRKYEdlQøas kalGg<asecAhVaynay kMNt´

mñalPik¡úTaMgLay GñkRKYBiessEdlQøas Rbsb´vagévenaHÉg

cMNaMnUvGaharEdlecAhVaynayenaH cUlcitþbriePaK cab´taMgBI

CaGñk:nnUveRK]gesø{kBak´ CaGñk:neb[vtS nig CaGñk:nnUv

enaHmk k*begÁannUvGaharmansPaBEbbenaHÉg eTAoecAhVay

rgVan´ç enaHeRBaHehtuGVI/ mñalPik¡úTaMgLay eRBaHzaGñkRKYviess

nayenaH rEmg:nlaP y¨agNamijç sUm|IRBHeyaKIenH k*y¨ag

EdlQøas

enaHEdr

kñúgxN;

nayrbs´xøÜn y¨agNaç mñalPik¡úTaMgLay Pik¡úBYkxøH kñúgsasna

eTIbCa

enH CabNÐit Rbsb´Qøasév CaGñkmankarBicarNaer]y> nUv

Gñk:nGb|naer]y> . ehtuenaH RBHeyaKIenH Kb|IkMNt´Gakar;

kay kñúgkayenAç GñkmankarBicarNaer]y>nUvevTna kñúgevTna

TaMgLay odUcCaGñk:j´eramknÞúy nig GñkRKY y¨agdUecñaH .

TaMgLay GñkmankarBicarNaer]y> nUvcitþ kñúgcitþ Gñkmankar

kMNt´nUvGakar;TaMgLay

EdlxøÜn:nsMercehIy

manePaCnCaedIm

júaMgGakar;TaMgenaHoseRmc

Rbsb´vagévenaH

er[nyknUvkarcMNaM

énecAhVay

EmnBit sUm|IRBHmanRBHPaK k*RTg´Rtas´BaküenHza ²mñal

BicarNaer]y>nUvZm( kñúgZm(TaMgLayenA CaGñkmanBüayam Ca

Pik¡úTaMgLay GñkRKYBiess EdlQøasvagév CaGñkbeRmIRBHraCa

GñkdwgxøÜnc|as´ mansti Kb|IbenÞabg´GPiCÄa nig eTamnsS kñúg

xøH mhaGamatüénRBHraCaxøH edaymØÚbTaMgLay EdlxøÜnpSMehIy

elakç kalebIRBHeyaKIenaH BicarNaeXIjer]y>nUvZ(m kñúgZ(m

edayrsCatepSg> KÅ rsCUrxøH rsct´xøH rshÅrxøH rsEpÁmxøH

TaMgLayenAç citþ rEmgtaMgenAmaMç óbkielsTaMgLay KÅRBH

rsxarxøH

eyaKIenaHlHbg´:nç

rsminxarxøH

rséRbxøH

rsminéRbxøHç

mñalPik¡úTaMg

RBHeyaKIenaH er[nyknUvnimitþenaHç

mñal

Lay GñkRKYBiessEdlQøasvagévenaHÉg er[nyknUvkarcMNaM

Pik¡úTaMgLay Pik¡úenaHÉg CabNÐit Rbsb´Qøasév CaGñk:nnUv

énecAhVaynay rbs´xøÜnza ²ézáenH mØÚbenH Kab´citþdl´ecAhVay

karenACasux kñúgbc©úb|nñenHpg CaGñk:nnUvsti nig sm|CJ¦;

nayrbs´Gjpgç ecAhVaynay rbs´Gj lUkcMeBaHEtmØÚbenH

pgç er]genaH eRBaHehtuGVI/ç

pgç ecAhVaynay rbs´Gj cab´ykeRcIncMeBaHmØÚbenHpgç ecA

CabNÐit

mñalPik¡úTaMgLay eRBaHza Pik¡úenaH

Rbsb´Qøasév er[nyknUvkarkMNt´

éncitþrbs´xøÜn


visuTÆimK< ERb

333

k*y¨agenaHEdr³ dUecñH .

334

Edl:nsMGatehIy‘esþcenAkñúgóTüanenaH:nyUr’y¨agdUecñaH .

k*kalebIRBHeyaKIenaH júaMgGakar;TaMgenaH odl´RBm mþg

eRBaHehtuenaH eTIburaNacarüTaMgLay eBal za ;

eT[t edaykiriyakan´yknUvnimitþç KuNCatRtwmEtGb|nab¨ueNÑaH rEmgsMerc .

TICaTItaMgenAyUr minmaneT .

RBHeyaKI mancitþeZVInUvesckþIrIkrayTYeTA kñúgvievk

ÉTICaTItaMgenAyUr

Kb|IbenÞabg´ nUvesckþIeBjcitþ kñúgkamTaMgLayç

Etgman eRBaHPav;énZm(TaMgLay EdlCasRtUvdl´smaZi KÅxøÜn

nUvesckþIzñaMgzñak´ç nUvóTÆc©; nig miTÆ; manvicikicäa

sMGatlÁehIy . EmnBit Pik¡úNa minsg,t´sg,in edayRbéBnUv kamqnÞ;

bfvIksiNnieTÞs

edaybc©evk¡NviZI

CaKRmb´R:M dUcRBHraCa esþcyageTAkan´RBHóTüan

mankiriyaBicarNanUveTasénkam

d*sÁat RTg´rIkray kñúgóTüanenaHdUecñaH .

CaedIm mineZVIesckþIGaRkk´ edaykay osáb´rmáab´ edayRbéB edayGMNackarsáb´rmáab´énkay minbenÞabg´edayRbéB nUvzIn-

eRBaHehtuenaH RBHeyaKI GñkmanR:zñaedIm|IkartaMgenA Gs´

miTÆ; edayGMNacénkareZVITukkñúgcitþ nUvGarmÖZatuCaedIm mineZVIkar

kald*yUr Kb|ICRmHZm(EdlCasRtUvTaMgLay o:nsÁatehIy

dkeLIgedayRbéB nUvóTÆc©kuk,úc©; edayGMNacénmnsikarviZIman

eTIbcUlnUvQan .

kareZVITukkñúgcitþ nUvsmznimitþCaedIm minCRmH edayRbéBnUvZ(m

EdlxøÜn:nehIyy¨agNa edIm|IPaBd*TUlayéncitþPavna .

TaMgLayEdlCasRtUvdl´smaZidéTeT[t Rsab´EtcUlnUvQanç

énkarcMerInbdiPaKnimitþenaH man2 y¨ag KÅóbcarPUmikþI Gb|naPUmi

Pik¡úenaH cg´ecjqab´ minxan dUcCaPmrCati EdlcUleTAehIy

kþI .

kan´TICaTIenAGaRs&y

cMerInbdiPaKnimitþenaH k*KYrç EtRBHeyaKI sUm|Idl´Gb|naehIy

EdlxøÜnmin:nCRmHehIy

rEmgRbjab´

mYyvijeT[t RBHeyaKIKb|IcMerInbdiPaKnimitþ PUmi

EmnBit karEdlRBHeyaKI eTaHbIdl´nUvóbcar;ehIy nwg

ecjmkvij nig dUcCaRBHraCa EdlesþcyagcUleTAkan´óTüan

k*Kb|IcMerIn kñúgTImYy edayBit .

Edlmin:nsMGatehIy

²RBHeyaKIKb|IcMerInbdiPaKnimitþ EdlxøÜn:nehIyy¨agNa³ .

k*RTg´Rbjab´yagecjmkvij

y¨ag

eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbx\úMeBalza

dUecñaHEdr . cMENkPik¡úNa júaMgZm(TaMgLay EdlCasRtUvdl´

‘98’ enHCan&yénkarcMerIn kñúgbdiPaKnimitþenH . RBHeyaKI

smaZi osÁatedayRbéBehIy eTIbcUlnUvQan Pik¡úenaH CaGñk

enaH minKb|IcMerInnimitþenaH edayTMngénkarBRgIk:Rt karBRgIk

enAxagkñúgénsmabtþi rhUteBjmYyézák*:n dUcCaPmrCati Edl

nUvnMç karBRgIk:yç karcMerInénvløi nig TMngénkarBRgIksMBt´

cUleTAehIykan´TICaTIenAGaRs&y EdlxøÜn:nCRmHlÁehIy ‘enA

Kb|IkMNt´nUvTMhMénnimitþ

kñúgTIenaH:nyUr’ nig dUcRBHraCa EdlyagcUleTAkan´RBHóTüan

Zñab´ç 2 Zñab´ç

tamEdlxøÜn:nehIyenaH

3 Zñab´ nig 4 Zñab´

edaylMdab´

RtwmEtmYy

edaycitþehIy


visuTÆimK< ERb Kb|IcMerIn

tamEdl:nkMNt´Tukmkç

minRtUvcMerIneLIy

eRb[bdUcCaGñkERs

335

336

bfvIksiNnieTÞs

EtebIminTan´:nkMNt´eT

eRBaHza kalebIRBHeyaKIenaH eRcInedaykarBicarNaç Gg<

kMNt´nUvTIEdlxøÜnRtUvP¢Ür

QanTaMgLay CaGg<R:kd dUcCaezøas nig mankmøaMgexSay .

edayng<&lehIy eTIbP¢ÜrBÆd*xagkñúgénkarkMNt´ç mYyeT[t eRb[b

RKaenaH

dUcCaPik¡úTaMgLay kalcgsIma kMNt´nUvnimitþTaMgLay Camun

rEmgminseRmcCabc©&y énesckþIxVl´xVay kñúgQan BÆd*xagelI

ehIy eTIbcgkñúgkalCaxageRkaydUecñaHÉg .

tmk RBHeyaKI

eRBaHGg<QanR:kdehIyy¨agdUecñH. RBHeyaKIEdlCaGaTikmμik;

kalcMerInnimitþ edayGMNacénkarkMNt´nUvRbmaN 1 cMGamç 1

enaH kalxVl´xVay kñúgQanEdlminTan´sÞat´CMnaj rEmgsab

htæç b¨unbrievNxagmuxRBHvihar nig extþEdn énRBHviharTaMg

sUnücakbfmCÄanpg EzmTaMgminGacedIm|I:nseRmcQan TI2

Laypg b¨unextþEdnénRsukç niKmç CnbTç extþEdnRBHraCa nig

pg

extþEdnénsmuRTTaMgLaypg Kb|IkMNt´ edayTMhMb¨uncRkvaL

Lay emeKaEdlRtac´rksIuelIxñgPñM CastVlág´exøA minQøasév

ßk* ZMCagcRkvaLenaHeTAeT[tk*:n ehIycMerIn .

dUcCakUnstV

mins<al´extþ minRbsb´ edIm|IRtac´eTA elIPñMEdlminesμI:nç em

hgSTaMgLay cab´edImGMBIkalEdleramsøabTaMgLay duHeLIg

eKaenaH manesckþIRtiHriH y¨agenHza ²ebIdUecñaH manEtGjeTAkan´

ehIy cUleTAkan´RbeTstUc> eZVInUvkarzñwk‘maMmYnehIy’ k*ehIr

TIEdlGjminZøab´:neTApg

eTAkan´TICiténRBHc&nÞ nig RBHGaTitüTaMgLay edaylMdab´ y¨ag

pg pwkTwkEdlGjminZøab´:npwkpg³ dUecñHç emeKanu@HminTan´:n

Namijç Pik¡ú k*y¨agdUecñaHEdr kalkMNt´nimitþehIycMerIn eday

dak´eCIgxagmux o:ntaMgenAs)b´lÁehIy k*elIkeCIgxageRkay

n&ydUc:neBalehIy cMerInrhUtdl´TMhMb¨uncRkvaL ßk* ZMCag

eLIgç emeKaenaH minRtUveTAkan´TisEdlvaminZøab´eTApg minRtUv

enaHk*:n .

sIuesμAEdlvaminZøab´sIupg

bnÞab´mk nimitþenaH ‘CanimitþR:kd’ dl´RBHeyaKI

.

Gg<QanTaMgenaH

ehtuenaH

rbs´RBHeyaKIEdlCaGaTikmμik;enaH

:nCaRBHmanRBHPaKRtas´za

²mñalPik¡úTaMg

TMBasIuesμAEdlGjminZøab´:nsIu

minRtUvpwkTwkEdlvaminZøab´pwkpg

Edl

EzmTaMgminKb|IRtLb´mkkan´TIkEnøg EdlvaQrRtiHriH y¨agenHza

buK<lxVarehIy edaykegVrmYyry naTITYlç TITMnabç CaTwkç Ca

²ebIdUecñaH manEtGjeTAkan´TI EdlGjminZøab´:neTApg .l.

Pk´eRCAç CaPñM nig CaTIminrabesμIénEpndI y¨agenaHÉg .

pwkTwkEdlGjminZøab´:npwkpg³

enaH

kñúgTIEdlxøÜncMerInehIy>

dUcCaEs|kéneKaósP;

Etza

dUecñH

edaysYsþIenaH:neTç

RBHeyaKI EdlCaGaTikmμik; Gñk:nbfmCÄanehIy kñúgnimitþenaH

er]genaH eRBaHehtuGVI/ mñalPik¡úTaMgLay eRBaHza emeKaenaH Ca

Kb|ICaGñkeRcInedaykiriyacUl‘nUvQan’ minRtUvCaGñkeRcIneday

stVRtac´rksIuelIxñgPñM EtCastVlág´exøA minQøasév mins<al´

karBicarNaeLIy .

extþ minRbsb´edIm|IRtac´eTA elIPñMEdlminrabesμI:n

manóbma


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bfvIksiNnieTÞs

k*man

‘2’

smabC¢nvsI

zñwkkñúgkarcUlQanç

óbemyüy¨agenaHEdr CaGñklág´exøA minQøasév mins<al´extþ

‘3’

GZidðanvsI

zñwkkñúgkarTb´TuknUvQanç

minRbsb´ edIm|Isáat´cakkamTaMgLay .l. seRmcsRmanþdl´

‘4’

vudðanvsI

zñwkkñúgkarecjç

‘5’

bc©evk¡NvsI

zñwkkñúgkarBicarNa .

y¨agNaç

mñalPik¡úTaMgLay

Pik¡úBYkxøH

kñúgsasnaenH

bfmCÄanç Pik¡úenaH minesB mincMerIn mineZVIoeRcInnUvnimitþenaH TaMgmintm,l´nimitþenaH otm,l´enAlÁehIypgç

Pik¡úenaH k*man

esckþIRtiHriH y¨agdUecñHza ²ebIdUecñaH manEtGatμaGj Kb|IcUleTA kan´QanTIBIr seRmcsRmanþenA

.l.

vitk,; nig vicar;TaMgLay³ dUecñHç dl´QanTIBIr

.l.

eRBaHkiriyasáb´rmáab´én

Pik¡úenaH miinGacedIm|IcUleTA

eRBaHvitk,; nig vicar;TaMgLaysáb´rmáab´

ehIy seRmcsRmanþenA:neTç Pik¡úenaH manesckþIRtiHriH y¨ag enHza ²ebIdUecñaH manEtGatμaGj Kb|Isáb´sáat´cakkamTaMgLay o:nehIy cUldl´QanTI1 seRmcsRmanþenA³ dUecñHç Pik¡úenaH k*minGacedIm|Isáb´rmáab´cakkamTaMgLay ehIyseRmcsRmanþenA:neLIyç

.l.

cUlbfmCÄan

mñalPik¡úTaMgLay Pik¡úrUbenH

tzaKtehAza CaGñkXVagehIy cakQanTaMgBIr CaGñksabsUnü ehIy cakQanTaMgBIrç mñalPik¡úTaMgLay eRb[bdUcCaemeKaenaH CastVRtac´rksIuelIxñgPñM EtCastVlág´exøA minQøasév mins<al´ extþ minRbsb´edIm|IRtac´eTAelIPñMEdlminesμIy¨agenaHÉg³ dUecñH. eRBaHehtuenaH

RBHeyaKIenaH

Kb|ICaGñkmankarsÞat´RbRBwtþeTA

edayGakar;TaMgLay 5 kñúgbfmCÄanenaHÉg Camunsin . kñúgGakar;TaMgenaH vsI ‘esckþIzñwkTaMgLay’ 5 enH KÅ ; ‘1’ GavC¢nvsI

zñwkkñúgkarnwkç

RBHeyaKI nwkrkbfmCÄan kñúgTIkEnøgEdlR:zña kñúgeBl EdlR:zña kñúgkMNt´EdlR:zñaç Pav;énkaryWtyUrénkarnwk min man ehtuenaH Gakar;dUecñH eTIbeQμaHza GavC¢nvsI .

RBHeyaKI

cUlnUvbfmCÄan RtwmEtTIEdlR:zña RtwmEteBlEdlR:zña Rtwm EtkMNt´EdlR:zñaç

Pav;énkaryÅtyUrénkarcUl minman eRBaH

ehtuenaH Gakar;dUecñH eTIbeQμaHza smabC¢nvsI . d*ess bNÐit Kb|IBRgIkesckþI dUcn&yenHEdr .

sUm|IvsI enH Cakar

RbkasesckþI kñúgvsITaMg 5 enaH . ‘99’ kalRBHeyaKI ecjGMBIbfmCÄanehIy nwkvitk,; Ca dMbUgç Cvn;TaMgLay 4 ß 5 Edlmanvitk,;CaGarmμN¾n@uHÉg rEmgsÞúHeTA

kñúglMdab´énGavC¢ncitþ

Edlkat´pþac´nUvPvg<;ehIy

ekIteLIgç bnÞab´GMBIenaHmk Pvg<;BIr rEmgekIteLIgç bnÞab´mk GavC¢ncitþEdlmanvicar;CaGarmμN¾ EtgekIteLIgmþgeT[tç TaMgLay

rEmgsÞúHeTA

Cvn;

tamn&yEdl:neBalmkehIyn@uHÉg

ehtuenaH RBHeyaKI GacedIm|IbJ¢ÚnnUvcitþ minomancenøaH kñúgGg< QanTaMg 5 y¨ag dUecñH kñúgkalNaç

kñúgkalenaH GavC¢nvsI

CaKuNCatsMercehIydl´RBHeyaKIenaH .

cMENk vsIenH dl´

nUvTIbMput KÅRBHeyaKI:n kñúgymkb|adihar énRBHmanRBHPaK ß


visuTÆimK< ERb

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bfvIksiNnieTÞs

kñúgkalmansPaBEbbenH énRBHsav&kTaMgLayÉeT[t . Zmμta

eRBaHza Cvn;TaMgLay EdlCalMdab´GMBIGavC¢n; kñúgGavC¢nvsI

karzñwk kñúgkarnwkEdlqab´rh&s edayviessCagenHeTAeT[t min

enaH KÅCvn; kñúgbc©evk¡N;hñwgÉg .

maneT . cMENkPaBCaGñkGackñúgkarcUl ‘Qan’ :ny¨agqab´ dUcCakarcUl kñúgkalCaTITUnμanesþcnaK eQμaH nenÞabnnÞ énRBH mhaemaK<løand*manGayu dUecñaH

eQμaHza smabC¢nvsI .

PaB

‘TutiyCÄan’ k*RBHeyaKI GñkbMeBjvsI kñúgvsITaMg 5 ecjGMBIQan TI1 EdlsÞat´ehIy

eXIjeTas

kñúgbfmCÄanenaHza

²sm|tþienH

énbuK<lCaGñkGacedIm|ITb´ ‘nUvQan’ :n Gs´kalEtmYyrMeBc

mansRtUvKÅnIvrN;

RtwmEtpÞat´Rmamédmþg ß RtwmEtpÞat´Rmaméd 10 dg eQμaHza

zy eRBaHPav;énvitk,; nig vicar; CaZmμCat d*eRCakRCakpg³

GZidðanvsI . PaBénbuK<lCaGñkGacedIm|Iecj ‘cakQan’ :n

dUecñHehIy eZVITukkñúgcitþ nUvTutiyCÄan edayza CaZm(d*RbNIt

qab´rh&s y¨agdUecñaHEdr eQμaHza vudðanvsI .

elIklHnUvesckþIeBjcitþ

edIm|IsMEdg nUvGZidðanvsI nig vudðanvsITaMg 2 y¨ag enaH KYrsMEdger]gRBHBuTÆrk¡itetær .

kñúgTICitpgç

sm|tþienH

manGg<mankmøaMg

kñúgbfmCÄanehIy

Kb|IeZVIesckþI

Büayam edIm|I:nseRmcnUvTutiyCÄan . lMdab´enaH kalRBHeyaKIenaH ecjGMBIbfmCÄanehIy Ca

esckþIdMNalza elakd*manGayuGg<enaH ‘bYs’ :n 8

Gñkmansti dwgc|as´ BicarNaGg<QanTaMgLayç vitk,; nig

vsSa taMgGMBIóbsm|&Tmk Kg´enARtg´kNþal énBYkPik¡úGñkman

vicar;TaMgLay rEmgekIteLIgR:kd edayPav;CaGg<eRCakRCakç

b\TiÆTaMgLay cMnYnbImÅunGg< EdlmkehIykan´TIBüa:lCMgÅ rbs´

bIti nig sux;pg PaBéncitþmanGarmμN¾EtmYypg rEmgR:kd

RBHmhaerahNKutþetær

eLIg edayPaBCaGg<d*sáb´ kñúgkalNaç

kñúgvihareQμaHezrm¬tæl;

eXIjnUvesþc

kñúgkalenaH kal

RKuD kMBugqabcuHmkGMBIGakas ‘edaybMNg’ za ²Gjnwg cab´

RBHeyaKIenaH eZVITukkñúgcitþer]y> nUvnimitþenaHÉg edaybrikmμ za

esþcnaK CaGñkbeRmIEdlkMBugEtRbeKnbbr dl´RBHezr;³ dUecñH

²bfvI bfvI³ dUecñH edIm|IlHnUvGg<EdleRCakRCak nig edIm|I:n

k*nimitþnUvPñMehIy ykedImédObcab´esþcnaKocUleTA kñúgPñMenaH

cMeBaHnUvGg<Edlsáb´ç menaTVaravC¢ncitþ kat´pþac´nUvPvg<; ‘eday

kñúgxN;enaHÉg. esþcRKuDonUvkarRbharBÆd*PMñehIy k*eKceTA.

Kit’za ²TutiyCÄan rEmgekIteLIg kñúgkal«LÚvenH³ ehIyeZVI

RBHmhaezr;:neBalza ²mñalGavuesa RbsinebIRBHBuTÆrk¡it nwg

bfvIksiNenaHÉg oCaGarmμN¾ eTIbekIteLIg .

minmaneTç smeyIgTaMgGs´Kña CabuK<lKÅeKKb|ItiHed[l:n³ .

Cv&n 1 CarU:vcrcitþ RbkbedayTutiyCÄan kñúgTIbMputénCv&nTaMg

cMENkbc©evk¡NvsI KÅx\úMeBalehIy kñúgGavC¢nvsIn@uHÉg .

LayNaç Cv&nTaMgLayenaH 4 ß 5

bnÞab´GMBIenaH

rEmgsÞúHeTA kñúgGarmμN¾


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enaHÉgç Cv&n d*essCakamavcrcitþ manbkar;dUcx\úM:neBalmk

cMENkkñúgviPg< elakeBalBakümanRbmaNb¨ueNÑH za ²GCÄtþM

ehIyn@uHÉg .

KÅcMeBaHxøÜn³ dUecñHvij .

k*eRBaHelakbMNgykBaküxagkñúgxøÜn

k*edayehtumanRbmaNb¨ueNÑH RBHeyaKIenaH eQμaHza cUl

eRBaHehtuenaH kñúgbTza ²GCÄtþM³ enH eTIbmanesckþIGZib|ay

eTAseRmcsRmanþenAQanTI2 EdlmankarRCHzøaRBm BÆd*xagkñúg

y¨agenH za ²ekItdl´xøÜn ß ekItkñúgxøÜn ekItkñúgsnþanrbs´xøÜn³ .

manPaBéncitþeRBageLIgEtmYy minmanvitk,; minmanvicar; eRBaH vitk,; nig vicar;sáb´rmáab´ manEtbIti nig sux; EdlekItGMBI

²sm|saTnM³ manvinicä&yza; sTÆa elakehAza

esckþIRCHzøas)b´ .

sUm|IQan k*elakehAza esckþIRCHzøas)b´

RbkbRBm

eRBaHRbkbedayesckþIRCHzøas)b´ dUcCasMBt´ manBN(ex[v k*

edayGg< 3 manlMG 3 y¨ag dl´RBmedaylk¡N; 10 Ca

eRBaHRbkbedayBN(ex[vdUecñaH. mYyeT[t QanenaHjúaMgcitþo

Qan KÅRBHeyaKIenaH:nehIy y¨agenHÉg .

RCHzøas)b´ eRBaHQanenaHRbkbedayesckþIRCHzøas)b´pg eRBaH

smaZi .

TutiyCÄan CabfvIksiN EdllHGg< 2

bTza

‘100’ bNþa:f;TaMgLayenaH :f;za ²eRBaHvitk,; nig vicar; sáb´rmáab´³ dUecñH

esckþIza; eRBaHkarsáb´rmaáb´ KÅ eRBaH

karknøg nUvGg<TaMg 2 enH KÅ vitk,; 1 vicar; 1 .

manBakü

cUleTArmáab´nUvesckþIkMerIkénvitk,; nig vicar;TaMgLaypg ehtuNaç

eRBaH

eRBaHehtuenaHÉg :nCaelakehAza ²eRK]gjúaMgcitþ

oRCHzøas)b´³ . k*kñúgGtævikb|enH bNÐitKb|IRCabbTsm¬&nÆy¨ag

GZib|ayza; eRBaHPav;énGg<TaMg 2 enaH minR:kd kñúgxN;

dUecñH za ²TutiyCÄan CaeRK]gjúaMgcitþoRCHzøas)b´³ dUecñH.

énTutiyCÄan . Zm(kñúgbfmCÄan sUm|ITaMgGs´ minman kñúgTuti-

kñúgGtævikb|xagedIm bTza ²ectesa³ n@uH bNÐit Kb|IRbkbCa

yCÄanç

mYynwgÉekaTiPavs&BÞ .

EmnBit Zm(TaMgLay manpsS;CaedIm kñúgbfmCÄan

b¨uEnþ

CaZm(epSgEmnBitç kñúgTutiyCÄanenH CaZm(epSg k*BitEmnehIy

enH CakarRbkbesckþI kñúgÉekaTiPavs&BÞenaH . Zm(ÉNa

eTaHbICadUecñaHk*eday kñúgTutiyCÄan :f;enaH bNÐit Kb|IRCab

eRBageLIgEtmYy ehtuenaH Zm(enaH eQμaHza eRBageLIgEtmYyç

za; RBHmanRBHPaKRtas´y¨agenHza ²eRBaHvitk,; nig vicar; sáb´

GZib|ayza; CaZm(RbesIr KÅRbesIrbMput eRBageLIg eRBaHPav;

rmáab´³

Edl

énZm(enaH KÅvitk,; nig vicar;TaMgLay duHeLIgRKbsg,t´min:n.

eRKatRKat> kiriya:nnUvQanTaMgLay déTGMBIbfmCÄan man

EmnBit sUm|IbuK<lRbesIrbMput k*elakehAza ²CabuK<lÉk kñúg

TutiyCÄanCaedIm rEmgman³ dUecñH .

elak³ .

dUecñH

edIm|IsMEdgza

²eRBaHkarRbRBwtþiknøgnUvGg<

bTza ²GCÄtþM³ kñúgTIenH elakbMNgykBaküxagkñúgxøÜn .

ehIy

ß nwgehAza ²buK<lEdlR:scakvitk,; nig vicar;

CabuK<lÉk KÅ minmansMLaj´³ dUecñH k*KYr .

mYyeT[t


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Zm(Na júaMgsm|yutþZm(TaMgLay oeRBageLIg eRBaHehtuenaH

EtkñúgQanenH

Zm(enaH eQμaHza óTiç

kgVl´ edayvitk,; nig vicar; eTIbmankmøaMgç

otaMgeLIg .

GZib|ayza júaMgsm|yutþZm(TaMgLay

Zm(enaH eQμaHza CaZm(Ék eRBaHGtæza RbesIr

bMputpg CaóTipg

ehtuenaH eTIbeQμaHza ÉekaTi .

²ÉekaTi³ enH CaeQμaHénsmaZi .

Baküza

Qan TI2 enH júaMgsmaZi

EdljúaMgsm|yutþZm( oeRBageLIgEtmYyenH oekIteLIg KÅo

sTÆa

rEmgR:kdc|as´

manOkas:nehIy

eRBaHminmanesckþI cMENksmaZivij

eRBaH:nnUvsTÆad*mankmøaMgCaKñan@uHÉg

eRBaH

ehtuenaH eTIbelakeBalEtTutiyCÄanenHb¨ueNÑaHza y¨agenHÉg³ dUecñH . cMENkkñúgviPg<

elakeBalEtBakümanRbmaNb¨ueNÑH

za

cMerIneLIg ehtuenaH TutiyCÄanenH eTIbeQμaHza ÉekaTiPaB dUc

²sTÆaÉNaç esckþIeC]ç karcuHcitþç esckþIRCHzøaéRkElg ÉNaç

er[brab´mkenHÉg .

sTÆaenaH eQμaHza esckþIRCHzøas)b´ç kartaMgenAéncitþNa

mYyeT[t smaZi EdleQμaHza ÉekaTienH

.l.

enaH CakareRBageLIgéncitþ minEmnCakareRBageLIgénstV min

smμasmaZiÉNaç smμasmaZienaHeQμaHza PaBénkareRBageLIg

EmnCakareRBageLIgénCIv; eRBaHehtuNa eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbRBH

EtmYyéncitþ³ dUecñH .

manRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´BaküenHza ²ectesa ÉekaTiPavM³ dUecñH .

RBmTaMg:lI kñúgviPg<enH EdleyIg:neBalehIyy¨agenH min

sYrza; k*sTÆaenH nig smaZiEdleQμaHza ÉekaTi enH man kñúgbfmCÄanpg minEmneTß/

kalebIdUecñaH eRBaHehtuGVI:nCa

RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´EtTutiyCÄanenHza ²CaesckþIRCHzøas)b´ nig za CakareRBageLIgEtmYyéncitþ /³ .

cMENkGdðkzaCaeRK]gBN(naesckþIenH

xusKña eRb[beZ[bKña:n nig smKña edayBit y¨agNaç bNÐit Kb|IRCab y¨agenaHcuH . bTza ²Gvitk,M GvicarM³ GZib|ayza; esckþIRtiHriH minman kñúgTutiyCÄanenH ßza dl´TutiyCÄanenaH eRBaHvitk,; KÅRBHeyaKI

eqøIyza; bNÐit Kb|IRCabza ²eRBaHbfmCÄan ÉeNaH Ca

lH:nehIy edayPavna eRBaHehtuenaH TutiyCÄanenaH eTIb

ZmμCat minTan´zøalÁ eRBaHmankarkMerIk edayvitk,; nig vicar;

eQμaHza minmanvitk,; .

enAeLIy dUcTwkEdllÁk´edayrlk nig rlkxøaMg y¨agenaHÉgç

bNÐitKb|IRCab edayn&yenHÉg .

ehtuenaH sUm|IkalebImansTÆaç k*elakmineBalza ²CaesckþI

ehIyza ²TaMgvitk,; TaMgvicar;enH CaZm(sáb´rmáab´ehIy CaZ(m

RCHzøas)b´³ dUecñHeTç

k*sUm|IsmaZi kñúgbfmCÄanenH k*minR:kd

c|as´ edayRbéBpgEdr eRBaHsTÆahñwgÉg min:nzøalÁç

eRBaH

ehtuenaH :nCaRBHmanRBHPaKminehAza ²ÉekaTiPav;³ dUecñHpg.

TutiyCÄan EdleQμaHza minmanvicar; sUm|IkñúgviPg< k*elakeBal

rmáab´ehIy CaZm(cUleTAsáb´ehIy CaZm(taMgenAmin:n CaZ(m sabsUnüehIy CaZm(minpuspur CaZm(minkMerIkCaZm(eRk[mehIy CaZm(eRk[msáÜtehIy CaZm(eZVIoGs´rlIgehIy edaybkardUecñH


visuTÆimK< ERb

345

346

bfvIksiNnieTÞs

QanenH eTIbeQμaHza minmanvitk,; minmanvicar;³ .

eRBaHkarsáb´rmáab´eTA énvitk,; nig vicar;TaMgLayç minEmneRBaH

kñúgGZikarenH GacarüGñkecaTsYrza; ²k*esckþIGZib|ayenH

kiriyaminmanénvitk,; nig vicar; dUcCattiyCÄan nig ctutæCÄan

seRmcehIy edayBaküenHÉgza ²eRBaHvitk,; nig vicar; sáb´

TaMgLay nig dUcCaviJ¦aNTaMgLay manck¡úviJ¦aN CaedImeT³

rmáab´³ dUecñH minEmneTßç

dUecñHpgç

ehtuenaH

kalebIdUecñaH eRBaHehtuGVIeTA :nCa

minEmnCaBaküsMEdgRtwmEtkiriyaminmanénvitk,;

nig

cMENkBaküza ²Gvitk,M GvicarM³ enH CaBakü

RBHd*manRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´za; minmanvitk,; minmanvicar; dUecñH

vicar;b¨ueNÑaHeTç

mþgeT[t /³ .

sMEdgRtwmEtkarminmanénvitk,; nig vicar;b¨ueNÑaHÉg eRBaHehtu

eqøIyza; ²esckþIGZib|ayenH seRmcehIy y¨agdUecñHÉg EmnBitç

EtBaküza ²vitk,vicaranM vUbsma³ enaH minEmnCaBakü

enaH Baküza ²Gvitk,M GvicarM³ enaH sUm|IRBHmanRBHPaKRtas´mun ehIyk*eday k*KYrEtRtas´EmnBit .

sMEdgnUvesckþIeBalenaHeTç ERkgeyIg:neBalmkehIyza; k*

‘101’ bTza ²smaZiCM³ esckþIza ‘bIti nig sux;’ ekIt

Baküza ²eRBaHvitk,; nig vicar; sáb´rmáab´³ enH KÅRBHmanRBHPaK

ehIyGMBIsmaZi kñúgbfmCÄan ß GMBIsm|yutþsmaZi . bNþa

Rtas´ehIyy¨agenH edIm|IsMEdgza ²eRBaHRbRBwtþknøgnUvGg<eRCak

smaZiTaMgBIrenaH sUm|IbfmCÄan k*ekItGMBIsm|yutþsmaZi k*Bit

RCak>

EmnehIy ebITukCadUecñaH smaZienHÉg KYrnUvPaBEdlbuK<lKb|I

karseRmcnUvQanTaMgLaydéT GMBIbfmCÄan manTuti-

yCÄanCaedIm rEmgman³ dUecñH minEmneTß/ç n&ymYyeT[t Bakü za ²vitk,vicaranM vUbsma³ enH CaBaküsMEdg nUvehtuénTutiy-

ehAza

²smaZi³ eRBaHminkMerIkjab´j&rpg eRBaHzøasÁatlÁéRk

Elgpg eRBaHkarR:scakkarkMerIk énvitk,; nig vicar; .

eRBaH

CÄanenaH Casm|saTn; nigCaÉekaTiPaB y¨agenHza ²QanenH

ehtuenaH edIm|IsresIrnUvsmaZienH eTIbRBHmanRBHPaK Rtas´Et

Casm|saTn;

TutiyCÄanenHb¨ueNÑaH za ²ekItGMBIsmaZi³ .

eRBaHcUleTArmáab´nUvvitk,;

nig

vicar;TaMgLayç

minEmneRBaHkarcUleTArmáab´ énkielsEdlduHeLIg tamkaleT nig CaÉekaTiPaB k*eRBaHkiriyasáb´rmáab´eTAénvitk,; nig vicar;TaMg Layç minEmneRBaHkarlHbg´nUvnIvrN; dUcCaóbcarCÄaneT nig minEmneRBaHkiriyaR:kdénGg< dUcCabfmCÄaneT³ dUecñHpgç mYy eT[t BaküenaH CaBaküsMEdgnUvehtuénTutiyCÄanenaH CaGvitk,; nig CaGvicar; y¨agenHza

²QanenH eQμaHza Gvitk,; Gvicar;

bTza ²bItisuxM³ enH mann&ydUc:neBalmkehIyn@uHÉg. bTza ²TutiyM³ KÅ QanenH eQμaHza CaTIBIr eRBaHmanlMdab´ éncMnYn .

QanenH eQμaHza CaTIBIr eRBaHRBHeyaKI cUlnUv

QanenHTIBIr . cMENkBaküNa EdleyIgeBalehIyza ²TutiyCÄan lH Gg< 2 RbkbedayGg< 3³ dUecñHç

bNÐit Kb|IRCabvinicä&y kñúg


visuTÆimK< ERb

347

348

BaküenaH ‘teTA’ . Pav;énQanenH lHGg< 2 bNÐitKb|IRCab

eyaKI

edayGMNackarlHvitk,; nig vicar;TaMgLay .

tamn&yEdl:neBalmkehIyn@uHÉg ecjcakTutiyCÄan Edl

TaMgLay

KÅRBHeyaKIlHbg´

cMENknIvrN;

kñúgxN;énóbcar;

énbfmCÄan

bfvIksiNnieTÞs RtUvmanesckþIRbRBwtþiosÞat´

5

sÞat´ehIy eXIjeTas kñúgTutiyCÄanenaHza ²sm|tþienH man

y¨agNaç vitk,; nig vicar;TaMgLay KÅRBHeyaKIlHbg´ kñúgxN;

vitk,;

énTutiyCÄanenH y¨agenaH min:neLIy .

ZmμCatimankmøaMgexSay³

EtkñúgxN;énGb|na

edayGakar;TaMgLay

nig

vicar; CasRtUvenACit³ dUecñHpg za ²sm|tþienH

Ca

eRBaHPav;énbItiEdlelakeBalehIy

QanenH rEmgekIteLIg ev[rehIycakvitk,; nig vicar;TaMgLay

za ²karsb|ayrIkrayéncitþEdleTAehIy kñúgbIti kñúgTutiyCÄan

enaHEmnBit

enaHÉNan@uHÉgç

.

eRBaHehtuenaH

vitk,;

nig

vicar;TaMgenaH

eTIb

elakehAza ²CaGg<EdlsRmab´lHénTutiyCÄanenaH³ . cMENk

enaH

Pav;énQanenH RbkbRBmedayGg< 3

eRKatRKat³

bNÐit Kb|IRCab eday

eRBaHkarsb|ayrIkrayéncitþenaH

eTIbelakehAza CaGg<d*eRCakRCak³ dUecñH dUecñHpg

TutiyCÄan CaZmμCat d*

ehIyeZVITukkñúgcitþnUvttiyCÄan

edayza

GMNackarekIteLIgénGg<TaMg 3 enH KÅ; bItiç sux; cietþkK<ta .

CaZm(lÁit Kb|IRKbsg,t´nUvesckþIeBjcitþ kñúgTutiyCÄan ehIy

eRBaHehtuenaH

eZVIesckþIBüayam edIm|I:nttiyCÄan .

BaküÉNa

EdlelakeBalehIy

kñúgviPg<

za

²esckþIRCHzøas)b´ bIti sux; PaBéncitþmanGarmμN¾Et1 eQμaHza Qan³ dUecñHç BaküenaH KÅelakeBalehIyedaybriyay edIm|I sMEdgnUvQan RBmTaMgbrik¡ar . EtebIelIkElgesckþIRCHzøas)b´ ehIy TutiyCÄanenH manGg< 3 b¨ueNÑaH edayGMNacénGg<TaMg LayEdldl´nUvlk¡N;énkarcUleTAsMLwg edaynib|riyay . smdUcCaBaküEdlelakeBalza ²sYrza; kñúgsm&yenaH Qan RbkbedayGg< 3 etIdUcemþc/ç

eqøIyza; QanRbkbedayGg< 3

KÅ ; bItiç sux;ç PaBéncitþmanGarmμN¾EtmYy³ dUecñH .

Baküd*

ess mann&yKÅelakeBalehIy kúñgbfmCÄann@uHÉg . ‘ttiyCÄan’ k*kalebIRBHeyaKI :nTutiyCÄanenaH y¨agdUecñHehIyç RBH

lMdab´enaHÉg

kalebIRBHeyaKIenaH

ecjcakTutiyCÄan

ehIy mansti dwgc|as´ BicarNaGg<QanTaMgLayç bIti rEmg taMgeLIgR:kd edayzaCaZmμCatd*eRKatRKatç sux; nig ÉkK<ta rEmgtaMgeLIgR:kd

edayzaCaZmμCatEdllÁit

kñúgkalNaç

kñúgkalenaH kalRBHeyaKIenaH eZVITukkñúgcitþer]y> nUvnimitþenaH Ég edaybrikmμ za ²bfvI bfvI³ dUecñH edIm|IlHbg´nUvGg<Edl eRKatRKat

nig

kat´pþac´nUvPvg<;

edIm|I:ncMeBaHnUvGg<d*lÁitç ‘edayKit’ za

menaTVaravC¢ncitþ

²ttiyCÄan rEmgekIteLIg kñúg

kal«LÚvenH³ ehIyeZVInUvbfvIksiNenaHÉg oCaGarmμN¾ eTIb ekIteLIg . bnÞab´BIenaHmk Cv&nmYy CarU:vcrcitþ Rbkbeday ttiyCÄan kñúgTIbMputénCv&nTaMgLayNaç

Cv&nTaMgLayenaH 4


visuTÆimK< ERb ß 5

EtgsÞúHeTA kñúgGarmμN¾enaHÉgç

349 Cv&nd*ess Cakamavcr-

RBHeyaKIenaH

eRBaHen]y

bfvIksiNnieTÞs

en]yNaycakbItipg

c

citþ tamn&yEdlx\úM:neBalmkehIyn@uHÉg edayRbkardUecñH . k*edayehtumanRbmaNb¨ueNÑH

350 s&BÞ

eRBaHcUleTAsáb´rmáab´bItipg³ .

RbmUlmknUvkarcUleTAsáb´rmáab´nUvvitk,;

kñúgkalNaç

Etza

nig

vicar;

kñúgkalenaH bNÐit Kb|IRCabesckþIRbkb y¨ag

NaycakbItipg CaGñkmancitþRBegIypg manstipg CaGñkdwg

enHza ²eRBaHkaren]yNaycakbItipg eRBaHkarcUleTAsáb´rmáab´

c|as´pg

nUvvitk,; nig vicar;TaMgLay edayéRkElg tictYceT[tpg³ .

Kg´enA

EzmTaMgesaynUvesckþIsux

edaykaypg

viraKs&BÞ kñúgesckþIRbkbenH manesckþIza RbRBwtþknøg .

eQμaHza cUleTAseRmcsRmanþenAQanTI3 enaH EdlRBHGriy;

k*

TaMgLay eBal ‘sresIr’ za ²‘RBHeyaKIenaH’

eRBaHehtuenaH bNÐit Kb|IeXIjesckþIGZib|ayenH za ²eRBaH

CaGñkmancitþ

RBegIy mansti CaGñkmanRbRktIenACasux³ dUecñH . ttiyCÄan

karRbRBwtþiknøgbItipg

CabfvIksiN EdllHGg<mYy RbkbedayGg< 2 manlMG 3

vicar;TaMgLaypg³ dUecñH .

y¨ag bribUN(edaylk¡N;10 CaQanKÅRBHeyaKIenaH:nehIy y¨agdUecñHÉg .

dUecñH manvinicä&yza; karen]yNaykþI karRbRBwtþiknøgkþI nUvbIti manRbkardUceBalmkehIy eQμaHza viraK; . cenøaH énbTTaMg 2 manesckþIza RbmUlmk . nUvkarcUleTAsáb´rmáab´

ß

k* c s&BÞ kñúg

c s&BÞenaH

nUvkarcUleTAsáb´rmáab´

nUvvitk,;

nig

vitk,; nig vicar;TaMgLayenH cUleTAsáb´rmáab´ehIy kñúg TutiyCÄann@uHÉg k*BitEmnehIy

kñúg:f;TaMgenaH :f; za ²eRBaHen]yNay cakbItipg³

RbmUlmk

eRBaHkarcUleTAsáb´rmáab´

k*b¨uEnþBaküza; vitk,; nig vicar;

enH elakeBalehIy edIm|IsMEdg nUvmK<énQanenHpg edIm|I eBalsresIr nUvQanenHpg .

EmnBit kalebIelak eBal

za ²eRBaHcUleTAsáb´rmáab´nUvvitk,; nig vicar;TaMgLaypg³ dUecñHç BaküenHza

²karcUleTAsáb´rmáab´nUvvitk,;

nig

QanenH edayBit³ dUecñH rEmgR:kd .

vicar;

CamK<én

k*karlHbg´ Edl

énvitk,; nig vicar; . kñúgesckþITaMg 2 enaH c s&BÞRbmUlmknUv

elakeBal y¨agenHza ²eRBaHkarlHbg´nUvsMeyaCn;TaMgLay

karcUleTAsáb´rmáab´Etmü¨ag

bNÐit

5 EdlCacMENkxageRkammansk,ayTidðiCaedIm sUm|IminTan´:n

Kb|IRCabesckþIRbkb y¨agenHza ²eRBaHkaren]yNay cakbIti

lHbg´ehIy kñúgGriymK<TI3³ dUecñH k*CakareBalsresIrKuN

pg

CaeRK]gjúaMgesckþIxμIXμat

kñúgkalNaç

eRBaHkarcUleTAsáb´rmáab´éRkElg

k* viraKs&BÞ eRBaHehtuenaH

kñúgkalenaH

nUvkielstictYcpg³

.

kñúgesckþIRbkbenH manesckþIza en]yNay . bNÐit Kb|IeXIjesckþIGZib|ayenHza ²eRBaH

oekIteLIg

GñkmanesckþIxVl´xVayxñHExñg

dl´RBHeyaKITaMgLay

edIm|I:nsMerc

nUvttiymK<enaH

y¨agNaç kalelakeBalkarcUleTArmáab´nUvvitk,;

nig

vicar;


visuTÆimK< ERb

351

352

bfvIksiNnieTÞs

TaMgLay sUm|IminTan´cUlsáb´rmáab´ kñúgttiyCÄanenH k*cat´za

stVTaMgLay EdlmkehIy y¨agdUecñHza ²Pik¡ú mancitþRbkb

CakareBalsresIr ‘nUvttiyCÄan enaH’ y¨agdUecñaHEdr .

RBmedayóebk¡a pSayeTAkan´TismYy Kg´enA³ dUecñHç

ehtuenaH

eTIbelakeBalesckþIGZib|ayenHza

knøg nUvbItipg

eRBaH

²eRBaHRbRBwtþ

eRBaHcUleTAsáb´rmáab´ nUvvitk,; nig vicar; TaMg

Laypg³ dUecñH . ‘102’

bNÐit

Kb|IRCabesckþIvinicä&y

kñúg:lIenH

za

²óebk¡eka c vihrti³ dUecñH teTA . ZmμCatÉNa eXIjGMBIkar cUleTAekIt eRBaHehtuenaH ZmμCatenaH eQμaHza óebk¡a man GZib|ayza;

eXIjd*esμI

KÅeXIjminZøak´cuHeTA

kñúgbkSBYk

.

eQμaHza RBhμviharuebk¡a . óebk¡aNa manGakar;manPaBCakNþal dl´shCatZ(m TaMgLay EdlmkehIy y¨agenHza ²Pik¡ú cMerInóebk¡asem¬aCÄg< EdlGaRs&yvievk GaRs&yviraK;³ dUecñHç

cMENkóebk¡aNa R:rBÆehIy

eBalKÅesckþIBüayam

mintwgeBk

minZUreBk

²Pik¡ú

eRBaHRbkbRBmedayóebk¡aenaH Edlekø{vkøaTUlay mankmøaMg .

óebk¡aenH eQμaHza vIriyuebk¡a .

qLg<úebk¡aç

RBhμviharuebk¡aç

eBaCÄg<úebk¡aç vIriyuebk¡aç sg¡aruebk¡aç evTnUebk¡aç vibsSnUebk¡aç tRtmCÄtþúebk¡aç

Qanuebk¡aç

brisuTÆúebk¡a .

bNþaóebk¡aTaMg 10 enaH

óebk¡aNa manGakar; Caehtu

minlHbg´nUvRbRktIPaBd*brisuTÆ kñúgKnøgénGarmμN¾TaMg 6 Edl CaTIR:zña nig minCaTIR:zña kúñgTVarTaMg 6 rbs´RBHxINaRsB EdlmkehIy y¨agenHza ²Pik¡ú CaRBHxINaRsB kñúgsasnaenH eXIjrUb edayck¡ú CaGñkminmancitþeRtkGr minGak´Gn´citþ esaH eLIy

nig CaGñkmansti dwgxøÜnc|as´ enACaRBegIy>³ dUecñHç

óebk¡aenH eQμaHza qLg<úebk¡a . cMENkÉóebk¡aNa manGakar; manPaBCakNþal

kñúg

óebk¡aenH

eQμaHza

eBaCÄg<úebk¡a .

buK<lGñkRbkbRBm edayttiyCÄan elakehAza CaGñkRBegIy

k*óebk¡a man 10 y¨ag KÅ ;

óebk¡aenH

eZVITukkñúgcitþ

óebk¡aNa

nUvóebk¡animitþ

EdlbuK<l:n

EdlmkehIy

y¨agenHza

Gs´kaltamkal³

KÅvibsSnabJ¦a EdlBicarNanUv:bZm(

Gg<EdlRtUvlHbg´

mannIvrN;CaedIm

ehIytaMgcitþs)b´

dUecñHç

nig man

PaBCakNþal kñúgkarRbkan´yk EdlmkehIy y¨agenHza ²sYr za;

sg¡aruebk¡a

manb¨unμan

EtgekIteLIg

edayGMNacsmaZiç

sg¡aruebk¡a manb¨unμan EtgekIteLIg edayGMNac énvibsSna/ç eqøIyza;

sg¡aruebk¡a

sg¡aruebk¡a 10

8

EtgekIteLIg

edayGMNacénsmaZiç

EtgekIteLIg edayGMNacénvibsSna³ dUecñHç

óebk¡aenH eQμaHza sg¡aruebk¡a . cMENkóebk¡aNa EdlmankarsMKal´za minCaTuk¡ minCa sux EdlmkehIy y¨agenHza ²citþCakamavcrkusl CacitþekIt eLIgehIy Rbkbedayóebk¡a

kñúgsm&yNa³ dUecñHç

óebk¡aenH


visuTÆimK< ERb

353

eQμaHza evTnUebk¡a .

²vtæúNa manç vtæúNa ekItehIyç

lHbg´ nUvvtæúenaH rEmg:ncMeBaH nUvóebk¡a³ dUecñHç

manPaBesμIKña

CaedImç eRBaHehtuenaH kñúgóebk¡aTaMg 6 enaH bNÐitKb|IRCabza

RBHeyaKI

²qLg<úebk¡a mankñúgTINaç óebk¡aTaMgLay‘5’ maneBaCÄg<úebk¡a

óebk¡aenH

CaedIm minman kñúgTIenaHeTç

eQμaHza vibsSnUebk¡a . cMENkóebk¡aNa

bfvIksiNnieTÞs

Bakü manBaküza ekμgRbusç kemøaHç cas´ç esnabtI nig RBHraCa

Éóebk¡aNa manPaBCaRBegIy> kñúgkarBicarNa Edlmk ehIy y¨agenHza

354

ßza eBaCÄg<úebk¡a mankñúgTINaç

óebk¡aTaMgLay ‘5’ manqLg<úebk¡aCaedIm minman kñúgTIenaHeT³ CaZm(RKb´RKgshCatZm(TaMgLay o

EdlmkehIy

kñúgeyvabnkZm(TaMgLay man

dUecñH .

k*PaBénóebk¡aTaMg 6 enaH Caóebk¡aEtmYyedayesckþI

y¨agNaç sUm|IPav;énsg¡aruebk¡a nig vibsSnUebk¡aTaMgLay Ca óebk¡aEt1 edayesckþI k*y¨agenaHEdr .

qnÞaKtiCaedImç óebk¡aenH eQμaHza tRtmCÄtþúebk¡a . óebk¡aNa minjúaMgkarZøak´cuHeTA kñúgZm(EdlCabkSBYk o

BitEmnehIy óebk¡a

TaMg 2 enaH KÅbJ¦ahñwgÉg EtepSgKña edaycMENkBIr eday

ekIteLIg kñúgttiyCÄanenaH sUm|IEdlmansuxCaTIbMput d*elIs

GMNacénkic© .

EdlmkehIy y¨agenHza ²RBHeyaKI CaGñkRBegIy> Kg´enApg³

sNðandUceCIgBEB ‘eQIcm¬am’ EsVgrkBs´ Edl:nlUncUl

dUecñHç óebk¡aenH eQμaHza Qanuebk¡a .

pÞH kñúgevlaláac dl´eXIjBs´enaHEGbenAkñúgCRgukGg,amehIy

Éóebk¡aNa brisuTÆsÁatcakZm( EdlCasRtUvTaMgBYg man

eRb[bdUcCakalburskan´ykkMNat´eQI man

eQáakemIl edayKitza ²Bs´ ßk* minEmnBs´eT³ luHeXIj

Edl

pñt´-k 3 Can´ehIy k*minmanesckþIsgS&y PaBéncitþCakNþal

mkehIy y¨agenHza ²‘Pik¡úcUldl´’ ctutæCÄan EdlmanesckþI

kñúgkarBicarNaza ²Bs´ ßk* minEmnCaBs´³ rEmgman y¨ag

brisuTiÆénsti EdlekItGMBIóebk¡a³ dUecñHç

Namijç

Gakar;minxVl´xVay

sUm|Ikñúgkarrmáab´nUvZm(EdlCasRtUv

óebk¡aenH

eQμaHza

brisuTÆúebk¡a .

PaBéncitþRBegIyÉNa kñúgkarBicarNa nUvPav;énsg¡arTaMgLay

bNþaóebk¡aTaMg 10 enaH qLg<úebk¡a kþIç RBhμviharuebk¡a kþIç eBaCÄg<úebk¡akþIç

kalebIeXIjlk¡N; 3 edayvibsSnajaNehIy

tRtmCÄtþúebk¡akþIç

Qanuebk¡akþIç

brisuTÆúebk¡akþI

edayesckþI :ndl´ tRtmCÄtþúebk¡aEt1 b¨ueNÑaHÉg.

ÉesckIþ

epSgKñaenH énóebk¡an@uH edaykiriyaepSgKña Edlmin:nkMNt´ enaH> dUcCakarepSgKña énstVsUm|ImanEtmñak´

edayGMNac én

za Carbs´eT[g ßk* mineT[gCaedIm rEmgekIteLIgdl´RBHeyaKI Edl:nbMeBjvibsSnaehIy k*y¨agdUecñaHEdrç

PaBRBegIyenH

eQμaHza vibsSnUebk¡a . EtkalEdlbursenaH ykeQIcm¬am cab´Bs´:nCab´ehIy k*EsVgrkGakar; edIm|InwgElgn@uHÉg za ²Gj mineb[teb[nBs´


visuTÆimK< ERb enHpg dUecñHç

minoBs´enHvacwkxøÜnGjpg

355

ElgvaeTA

etIdUcemþchñ@³

PaBéncitþRBegIy kñúgkarkan´yk rEmgman y¨agNamijç

356

bfvIksiNnieTÞs

TutiyCÄanenaHpgEdrç eRBaHehtuGVI :nCaRBHGg<minRtas´óebk¡a enaH / ³ dUecñH . GacarüGñkeqøIy eqøIyza ²eRBaHóebk¡a kñúgQanTaMg2 enaH

kalebIRBHeyaKIeXIjnUvPB 3 hak´dUcCaRtUvePøIgeqHsBVehIy eRBaHlk¡N; 3 CaZmμCat KÅxøÜn:neXIjrYcehIy PaBéncitþ

mankic©minTan´c|as´las´enAeLIy .

RBegIy kñúgkarRbkan´yknUvsg¡arNa rEmgman k*y¨agenaHEdrç

kñúgQanTaMg 2 enaH Cakic©minTan´c|as´las´ eRBaHRtUvZm(TaMg

PaBéncitþRBegIyenH eQμaHza sg¡aruebk¡a .

LayEdlCasRtUvmanvitk,;CaedIm RKbsg,t´ehIy .

ebItamTMngenH kalebIvibsSnUebk¡a seRmcehIyç sUm|I sg¡aruebk¡a k*CaZmμCatseRmcehIy EmnBit .

k*óebk¡aenH

EmnBit kic©énóebk¡aenaH

óebk¡aenH kñúgttiyCÄanenH Caóebk¡a dUcCamank|alegIbeLIg ehIy CaZmμCatmankic©c|as´las´ekItehIy eRBaHPav;énóebk¡a

epSgKñaedaycMENkBIr edaykic© eBalKÅPaBCakNþal kñúgkar

enaH KÅvitk,;ç vicar; nig bIti RKbsg,t´min:nç

BicarNa nig kiriyaRbkan´maM ‘nUvsg¡ar’enH y¨agdUecñH .

RBHmanRBHPaK Rtas´óebk¡aenaH³ dUecñH .

cMENkvIriyuebk¡a

nig

evTnUebk¡a

²óebk¡eka c vihrti³dUecñH cb´ehIy . ‘103’ «LÚvenH bNÐitKb|IRCabesckþIvinicä&y kñúg:lIenH

Bit y¨agdUecñHÉg . bNþaóebk¡aTaMgenH bMNgykehIy kñúgTIenH

eRBaHehtuenaH

Gdðkza CaeRK]gBN(naesckþIedaysBVRKb´ én:lIenHza

EbøkepSgGMBIKñanwgKñapg

edayesckþI k*EbøkepSgKñaGMBIóebk¡aTaMgLay d*esspg Emn

cMENk

Qanuebk¡a

KÅRBHd*manRBHPaK

edaybkar;dUecñH .

RTg´

Qanuebk¡aenaH

za

²seta c sm|Caena³ dUecñH ‘teTA’ . Pik¡úNa rlwk eRBaH

ehtuenaH Pik¡úenaH eQμaHza Gñkrlwk .

Pik¡úNa dwgc|as´eday

manPaBRBegIy Calk¡N; mankarmincgcitþ Cakic© mankarmin

RbéB eRBaHehtuenaH Pik¡úenaH eQμaHza Gñkdwgc|as´edayRbéB .

xVl´xVay Capl mankaren]yNaycakbIti Caehtu .

sti nig sm|CJ¦; KÅRBHmanRBHPaKRtas´ehIy edaybuK<l .

GacarüGñkecaT eBal kñúgGZikarenH za ²cuHQanuebk¡aenH

bNþasti nig sm|CJ¦;TaMg 2 enaH sti mankarrlwk Ca

edayesckþIKÅtRtmCÄtþúebk¡ahñwgÉg mYyvijeT[t tRtmCÄtþúebk¡a

lk¡N; mankarminePøcCakic© mankarrkSaCapl .

enaH mankñúgbfmCÄan nig TutiyCÄan minEmneTß/

mankarminvegVgCalk¡N; mankarBicarNaCakic© mankareRCIs

eRBaHehtu

enaH óebk¡aenH Caóebk¡aEdlRBHmanRBHPaK Kb|IRtas´y¨agenH za

²k*RBHeyaKI CaGñkRBegIy Kg´enA³ dUecñH

kñúgbfmCÄan nig

sm|CJ¦;

erIsCapl . kñúgQanTaMgenaH sti nig sm|CJ¦;enH mansUm|IkñúgQan


visuTÆimK< ERb

357

358

bfvIksiNnieTÞs

EdlmanxagedIm k*BitEmnehIy eRBaHzaKuNCatRtwmEtóbcar;

karminCab´citþ kñúgesckþIsux kñúgttiyCÄanenH rEmgman eday

k*minseRmcdl´Pik¡úEdlePøcPøaMgsti Gñkmindwgc|as´ç mincaM:c´

GanuPaBénsti

eBalzVIdl´Gb|na

eLIy³ dUecñHÉg .

EteRBaHQanTaMgLayenaH

CaZmμCateRKat

RKat dMeNIréncitþCadMeNIrsux dUcCadMeNIr rbs´bursEdledIr

nig

sm|CJ¦;

minEmnman

‘104’ «LÚvenH bNÐitKb|IRCabesckþIvinicä&y kñúg:lI za

elIPUmi‘épÞrab’ CakarRsYly¨agnu@HÉgç kic©énsti nig sm|CJ¦;

²suxJ© kaeyn bdisMeveTti³ enH ‘teTA’ .

kñúgQanTaMgenaH

karesaynUvesckþIsux

enH

eTIbmin:nc|as´las´ç

CaQand*lÁit

enaHÉg .

minmandl´RBHeyaKIEdl:nttiyCÄan

k*BitEmnehIyç kalebImanehtuy¨agenH esckþIsuxEdlRbkb

nig sm|CJ¦; p<g

edaynamkay rbs´RBHeyaKIenaH CaesckþIsux EdlRbkbRBm

eRb[bdUcCaburseZVIdMeNIrelImuxkaMbitekar

y¨ag

eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbRBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´BaküenH

‘seta sm|Caena’ EtkñúgttiyCÄanenHb¨ueNÑaH . bNÐit Kb|IRCabesckþIGZib|ay edayéRkElgbnþiceT[t . kUneKakMBuge¶edaHem RtUvbuK<lnaMecjBIemehIy minmanGñkrkSa k*rEmgcUleTArkemeKamþgeT[t y¨agNaç

karcgcitþ eday

RBH

eRBaHlHbg´nUvGg<EdleRKatRKat:n

eyaKIRtUvR:zñadMeNIréncitþ Edlkic©énsti ehIyEtmüa¨g

EteRBaHPav;énQan

edayRbkar;déT

sux kñúgttiyCÄanenH

RtUvRBHeyaKIbRmHecjehIyGMBIbItiç esckþIsuxenaH KÅRBHeyaKI

edaynamkay tamEdl:n eRBaHehtuNaç

rUbkay rbs´RBH

eyaKIenaH EdlrUbd*RbNItéRkeBk taMgeLIg RBmedaynamkay enaH Bal´RtUvehIy eRBaHPav;énRBHeyaKIenaH CabuK<lKÅesckþI suxÉNa Bal´RtUvehIy sUm|IRBHeyaKIenaHecjcakQanehIy k*Kb|IesaynUvesckþIsux eRBaHehtuNaç eRBaHehtuenaH RBHman RBHPaK kalRTg´sMEdg nUvesckþIenH eTIbRTg´Rtas´za ²suxJ©

kaeyn bdisMeveTti³ dUecñH .

min:nrkSa edayeRK]grkSaKÅsti nig sm|CJ¦; Kb|IcUleTArk

«LÚvenH bNÐitKb|IRCabesckþIvinicä&y kñúg:lIenHza ²ynþM

bItimþgeT[tedayBit CaQanRbkbedaybItivij k*y¨agenaHEdr .

Griya Gacik¡nþi óebk¡eka stima suxviharI ³ dUecñH dUcteTAenH;

mYyeT[t bNÐitKb|IRCabza Baküza ²seta sm|Caena³ enH KÅ

bNÐitKb|IRCabdIkaCaeRK]gRbkb

RBHmanRBHPaKRtas´ehIy EtkñúgttiyCÄanenH edIm|IRTg´sMEdg

²RBHGriy;TaMgLay manRBHBuTÆCaedIm RTg´R:b´ sMEdg bJ¦tþi

nUvesckþId*viessenHeT[tza ²sUm|IstVTaMgLay EtgrIkray kñúg

EtgtaMg ebIkbgØaj EbgEck eZVIorak´ manGZib|ayza ²Rbkas

esckþIsuxpgç

sresIr nUvbuK<lGñk:nnUvttiyCÄanenaH eRBaHehtuénQanNa

esckþIsuxenH k*manrsqáaj´éRkElgpg eRBaH

minmansuxdéTéRkElg CagesckþIsux kñúgttiyCÄanenaHç Etza

eRBaHdMeNIrénQanNa³ dUecñHç

kñúgttiyCÄanenH

sYrza

²RTg´sresIr

y¨agenHza

y¨agdUc


visuTÆimK< ERb emþc/³ .

359

eqøIyza; RTg´Rtas´sresIrza ²RBHeyaKICaGñkRBegIy

kenþIy mansti manRbRktIenACasux³ .

RBHeyaKI cUleTAkan´

ttiyCÄanenaH ehIyKg´enA³ dUecñH . sYrza

²k*eRBaHehtuGVI

bfvIksiNnieTÞs cMENkBaküNa

EdleyIgeBalehIyza ²ttiyCÄan lH

Gg<1 RbkbRBmedayGg<2³ dUecñHç bNÐitKb|IRCabesckþIvinicä&y kñúgBaküenaH ‘dUcteTAenH’ .

eTIbRBHGriy;TaMgenaH

sresIrnUv

buK<lEdl:nttiyCÄanenaH y¨agenH/³ . eqøIyza ²eRBaHKYrdl´karsresIr .

360

PaBénttiyCÄanenaH lHGg< 1

bNÐitKb|IRCab edayGMNacénkarlHnUvbIti . k*bItienHenaH KÅ RBHeyaKIlHbg´ kñúgxN;énGb|nan@uHÉg dUcCavitk,; nig vicar;

EmnBit buK<lGñk:n

KÅRBHeyaKIlHbg´ kñúgxN;énGb|na énTutiyCÄan y¨agenaHEdrç

nUvttiyCÄanenH CaGñkRBegIy kñúgttiyCÄan EdlCasux man

eRBaHehtuenaH bItienaH eTIbelak eBalza; CaGg<sRmab´lHnUv

rsEpÁméRkeBk

vitk,; nig vicar;enaH .

sUm|IminTan´dl´nUvKuNCat

CaeRK]gdl´eRtIy

cMENkÉ ttiyCÄanenaH CaQanRbkb

énesckþIsuxk*eday k*RtUveRK]gCab´CMBak´ edayesckþIsux kñúg

edayGg< 2 bNÐitKb|IRCab edayGMNacénkarekIteLIg énGg<

ttiyCÄanenaH Tajmkmin:n eRBaHehtuNaç

TaMgLay2 enH KÅ; sux; cietþkK<ta .

RBHeyaKIenaH

eRBaHehtuenaH BaküNa

eQμaHza CaGñkmansti eRBaHPav;CaGñkmanstitaMgenAmaM rhUt

EdleyIgeBalehIykñúgviPg<za ²óebk¡aç sti nig sm|CJ¦;ç

dl´bItiekIteLIgmin:n nig rEmgesaynUvesckþIsux Edlmin

sux;ç PaBéncitþmanGarmμN¾Et 1 eQμaHza Qan³ dUecñHç

esAhμg CaesckþIsuxEdlRBHGriy;b¨gR:zñaehIypg CaesckþI

enaH KÅRBHmanRBHPaKRtas´ehIy edaybriyay edIm|IsMEdgnUv

sux EdlRBHGriy;esBehIyBitpg edaynamkay eRBaHehtu

QanenaH RBmTaMgbrik¡ar .

Naç

eTIbCaGñk

Etóebk¡a sti nig sm|CJ¦; ecjehIy CaQanmanGg< 2

KYrdl´karsresIr . bNÐitKb|IRCabza; eRBaHKYrdl´karsresIr

EmnBit edayGMNacGg<TaMgLay Edldl´nUvóbniCÄanlk¡N;

dUc:neBalmkenH RBHGriy;TaMgenaH kalRbkasnUvKuNEdl

edaynib|riyay .

CaehtuKYrsresIr y¨agenH eTIbsresIrbuK<lGñk:nttiyCÄan

²kñúgsm&yenaH QanRbkbedayGg< 2 KÅGVIxøH/³ .

enaH y¨agenHza ²CaGñkRBegIy mansti manRbRktIenACasux³ .

sux;ç PaBéncitþmanGarmμN¾EtmYy³ dUecñH .

eRBaHehtuenaH

buK<lGñk:nnUvttiyCÄanenaH

bTza ²ttiyM³ KÅ QanenH CaQan TI3 eRBaHmanlMdab´ éncMnYn .

QanenH eQμaHza CaQan TI3

QanenH CaTI3 dUecñHk*:n .

eRBaHRBHeyaKI cUl

Bakü

cMENk QanTI 3 enH elIkElg

smdUcCaRBHmanRBHPaK Rtas´za;

sYrza

eqøIyza ²KÅ

Baküd*ess man

n&ydUceyIgeBalmkehIy kñúgbfmCÄann@uHÉg . ‘ctutæCÄan’ ‘105’ luHdl´RBHeyaKI

:nseRmcttiyCÄanenaH y¨ag


visuTÆimK< ERb

361

362

bfvIksiNnieTÞs

enHehIyç RBHeyaKIRtUvmanesckþIRbRBwtþiosÞat´edayGakar;TaMg

LayenaH 4 ß 5 rEmgekIteLIg kñúgGarmμN¾enaHÉgç Cv&n d*

Lay 5 tamn&yEdl:neBalmkehIyn@uHÉg ecjBIttiyCÄan

ess Cakamavcrcitþ manRbkarKÅeyIgeBalehIyn@uHÉg .

EdlsÞat´ehIy eXIjnUveTas kñúgttiyCÄanenaH za ²sm|tþienH

bNÐit Kb|IRCabesckþIepSgKñaenHza ²suxevTna minEmnCabc©&y

mansRtUvKÅbItienACit³ dUecñHpgza ²sm|tþienH eQμaHzaCaZmμCat

edayGaesvnb|c©&yénGTuk¡msuxevTnaeTç GTuk¡msuxevTna Kb|I

mankmøaMgexSay³ eRBaHPav;énsux;EdlelakeBalehIy y¨ag

ekIteLIg kñúgctutæCÄann@uHÉg eRBaHehtuNaç eRBaHehtuenaH Cv&n

enHza ²karcgcitþza; esckþIsux

kñúgGb|navizITaMgenaH

kñuúgttiyCÄanenaHÉNan@uHÉgç

CaCv&nsm|yutþehIy

edayóebk¡aevTnaç

eRBaHkarcgcitþenaH ttiyCÄanenaH eTIbelakehAza CaGg< d*

k*eRBaHPav;énGb|naCv&n

eRKatRKat CaZmμCatd*eRKatRKat³ dUecñHpg ehIyeZVITukkñúgcitþnUv

sUm|IbItikñúgQanenH k*rEmgsabsUnüeTA edayRbkardUecñH .

ctutæCÄan

za

CaZm(lÁit

Kb|IRKbsg,t´nUvesckþIeBjcitþ

kñúg

d*sm|yutþehIy

b¨uEnþ

edayóebk¡an@uHÉg

k*edayehtumanRbmaNb¨ueNÑH RBHeyaKIenaH eQμaHza cUl

ttiyCÄanehIy eZVIesckþIBüayam CaeRK]gRbkb edIm|I:nnUv

dl´Qan

ctutæCÄan .

énstiEdlekItGMBIóebk¡aehIyenA eRBaHlHbg´nUvsuxpg eRBaH

RKaenaH kalRBHeyaKIenaH ecjcakttiyCÄanehIy man

TI4

EdlminmanTuk¡

minmansux

manesckþIbrisuTÆi

lHbg´Tuk¡pg eRBaHesamnsS nig eTamnsSTaMgLay rlt´Gs´

sti dwgc|as´ BicarNanUvGg<QanTaMgLayç esckþIsuxeBalKW

kñúgkalmunEtmþg .

esamnsSEdlCaectsiksux rEmgtaMgeLIgR:kdza CaZmμCat

RbkbedayGg< 2 manlMG 3 y¨ag bribUredaylk¡N; 10 Ca

d*eRKatRKatç óebk¡aevTna nig cietþkK<ta rEmgtaMgeLIg R:kd

Qan KÅRBHeyaKIenaH :nseRmcehIy y¨agdUecñHÉg .

ctutæCÄan CabfvIksiNEdllHGg< 1

za CaZmμCatd*lÁit kñúgkalNaç kñúgkalenaH kalRBHeyaKIenaH

‘106’ kñúg:f;TaMgenaH :f;za ²suxsS c bhana Tuk¡sS

eZVITukkñúgcitþer]y> nUvnimitþenaHÉg edaybrikmμ za ²bfvI bfvI³

c bhana³ enaH KÅ eRBaHkarlHnUvesckþIsuxEdlRbRBwtþeTA kñúg

dUecñH edIm|IlHnUvGg<d*eRKatRKat nig edIm|I:ncMeBaHnUvGg<d*lÁitç

kaypg nUvesckþITuk¡EdlRbRBwtþeTAkñúgkaypg . bTza ²bueBVv³

menaTVaravC¢ncitþ kat´pþac´nUvPvg<; ‘edayKit’ za ²ctutæCÄan nwg ekIteLIg

kñúgkal«LÚvenH³

dUecñHehIy

eZVIbfvIksiNenaHÉg

oCaGarmμN¾ eTIbekIteLIg . bnÞab´BIenaH Cv&nmYy CarU:vcrcitþ RbkbedayctutæCÄan

kñúgTIbMput énCv&nTaMgLayNaç Cv&nTaMg

esckþIza k*karlHn@uHÉg manmkkñúgkalmunBit minEmnman kñúg xN;énctutæCÄaneT .

Baküza ²eRBaHesamnsS nig eTamnsS

rlt´Gs´³ enaH esckþIza eRBaHZm(TaMgLay 2 enH KÅectsiksux nig ectsikTuk¡ taMgenAmin:nç

GZib|ayza; eRBaHlHbg´


visuTÆimK< ERb kñúgkalmunEmnBit . enaH

363

sYrza ²k*karlHbg´ nUvZm(TaMg 2 y¨ag

mankñúgkalNa/³ .

eqøIyza ²manenAkñúgxN;énóbcar;

364

bfvIksiNnieTÞs eqøIyza

eBk .

²eRBaHnieraZ kñúgQanenaH> rlt´edayxøÜnÉg éRk

BitEmn karrlt´énGg<QanTaMgLayenaH kñúgQanTaMg

énQanTaMg4 ³ . EmnBit RBHeyaKIlHbg´esamnsS kñúgxN;

LaymanbfmCÄanCaedImCaGtisynieraZ minEmnCanieraZZmμta

énóbcar; énctutæCÄann@uHÉg .

n@uHeT .

Tuk¡ç eTamnsS nig sux KÅRBH

cMENkkarrlt´ kñúgxN;énóbcar; CanieraZZmμta min

eyaKIlHbg´ kñúgxN;énóbcar; énbfmCÄanç TutiyCÄan nig

EmnCaGtisynieraZeT .

ttiyCÄan .

sUm|Irlt´ehIy

karlHbg´nUvsuxç Tuk¡ç esamnsS nig eTamnsS

BitdUecñaHEmn karekIteLIg énTuk¡i®nÞIy¾

kñúgóbcar;

énbfmCÄan

kñúgGavC¢ncitþepSg>

kñúgctutæCÄan:f;enHÉg sUm|IRBHmanRBHPaK min:nRtas´ehIy

Kb|Iman edaysarmansmösSénstV manre:m nig mUsCaedIm

tamlMdab´énkarlHnUvsuxç Tuk¡ç esamnsS nig eTamnsSTaMg

ß edaysarkarsÁúHsÁab´ eRBaHGasn; minesμI .

enaHk*eday EtRBHGg<Rtas´ehIy edaylMdab´énóeTÞs én«®nÞIy¾

minKb|Iman xagkñúgénGb|naeT .

TaMgLay kñúg«®nÞIy¾viPg< bNÐitKb|IRCab dUceBalmkenHÉg .

rlt´ kñúgóbcar;ehIy k*minEmneQμaHza rlt´ehIy edayRbéB

sYrza ²zaebIGg<TaMgLayenaH KÅRBHeyaKIlHbg´ kñúgxN;

EtkarekIteLIg

müa¨geT[t Tuk¡i®nÞIy¾enH sUm|I

eT eRBaHPav;énTuk¡i®nÞIy¾enaH CaZmμCatKÅZm(EdlCasRtUv minTan´

énóbcar;énQanenaH> Ég kalebIdUecñaH eRBaHehtuGVI/ :nCa

kMcat´bg´ .

RBHd*manRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´nieraZ EtkúñgQanhñwgÉgy¨agenH za;

yagcuHkan´esckþIsuxehIy eRBaHkarpSBVpSayeTAénbIti .

k*Tuk¡i®nÞIy¾ EdlekIteLIgehIy rEmgrlt´eTAvij edayminess

Tuk¡i®nÞIy¾ rbs´buK<lGñkmankayyagcuHkan´esckþIsuxehIy Ca

sl´ kñúgTINa/ç mñalPik¡úTaMgLay Pik¡ú kñúgRBHZmμvin&yenH sáb´

ZmμCat eQμaHza rlt´ehIyedayRbéB eRBaHPav;énTuk¡i®nÞIy¾enaH

sáat´EmnBit cakkamTaMgLay .l. rEmgcUldl´QanTImYy

KÅZm(EdlCasRtUvkMcat´bg´ehIy .

ehIyenAç Tuk¡i®nÞIy¾ EdlekIteLIgehIy rEmgrlt´eTA edaymin

éneTamnsSi®nÞIy¾ sUm|IRBHeyaKIlHbg´:nehIy kñúgóbcar; én

esssl´ kñúgTIenHç k*eTamnsSi®nÞIy¾ç suxi®nÞIy¾ç esamnsSi-

TutiyCÄan

®nÞIy¾ EdlekIteLIgehIy rEmgrlt´eTA edayminesssl´ kñúg

Tuk¡i®nÞIy¾enaH

TINa/ç

Pik¡ú kñúgRBHZmμvin&yenH eRBaHlHnUv

manvitk,;nig vicar; Cabc©&yk*edayç k*rEmgekIteLIg:nç b¨uEnþ

cUldl´QanTI4 ehIyenAç esamnsSi®nÞIy¾ ekIt

kalebIminmanvitk,; nig vicar;eT vak*ekIteLIgmin:neLIy .

mñalPik¡úTaMgLay

suxpg .l.

eLIgehIy Etgrlt´eTA minmanesssl´kñúgTIenH³ dUuecñH .

Etxagkñúg énGb|na kayTaMgmUl CakayeQμaHza

kñúgGavC¢ncitþepSg>

k*

müa¨gvijeT[t karekIteLIg

Kb|Iman

.

eRBaHehtuEdl

kalebImankarlM:kkay nig karcegÁ{tcitþ sUm|I

b¨uEnþeTamnsSi®nÞIy¾ rEmgekIteLIg

kñúgTINaç

kalebImanvitk,;


visuTÆimK< ERb nig vicar; kñúgTIenaHç

365

vitk,; nig vicar; kñúgóbcar;énTutiyCÄan KÅ

366

bfvIksiNnieTÞs

enHÉNa

EdlRBHmanRBHPaK

RTg´Rtas´ehIy

kñúg:f;enHza

RBHeyaKIminTan´lHbg´:nedayBit eRBaHehtuenaH karekIteLIg

²GTuk¡msuxM³ dUecñHç GTuk¡msuxevTnaenaH CaZmμCatd*lÁitsuxum

éneTamnsSi®nÞIy¾enaH Kb|Iman kñúgóbcar;énTutiyCÄanenaH . Et

dwg:nedaykRm

kñúgTutiyCÄanminKb|Iman eRBaHPav;énbc©&yKÅRBHeyaKIlHbg´:n

RsYleLIy . eRBaHehtuenaH RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´naMmknUvGTuk¡-

ehIy .

msuxevTnaTaMgGs´enaH

n&ydUcKñaenaHEdr karekIteLIg énsuxi®nÞIy¾ sUm|IKÅRBH

KÅRBHeyaKIminGacedIm|ITTYlyk:n

edIm|IkMNt´ykRsYl

eday

eRb[bdUcCaGñk

eyaKIlHbg´:nehIy kúñgóbcar;énttiyCÄan k*Kb|Imandl´RBH

rkSaeKa eK[geKaTaMgGs´ cUlkñúgeRkalmYy edIm|Icab´:neday

eyaKIGñkmankay KÅrUbEdlRbNIt manbItiCasmudðan Bal´RtUv

RsYl nUveKaEdlkac KÅbuK<lminGaccUleTArk tamEt:nehIy

ehIyç EtminKb|Iman kñúgttiyCÄaneLIy . eRBaHza kñúgtti-

cab´ykç kalebIdUecñH GñkrkSaeKa k*ElgeKaecjmþgmYy> eTIb

yCÄan bIti EdlCabc©&yénsux; rlt´eTAehIy edayRbkarTaMg

obuK<lcab´eKaenaHÉg EdledIrmkehIy tamlMdab´ edayBakü

müa¨gvijeT[t karekIteLIg énesamnsSi®nÞIy¾ sUm|IRBH

za ²enHKÅeKaenaH GñkTaMgLay cUrcab´va³ dUecñH y¨agenaHÉg .

eyaKI lHbg´:nehIy kñúgóbcar;énctutæCÄan k*Kb|Iman eRBaH

eRBaHza RBHmanRBHPaK luHRTg´sMEdgnUvevTna EdlRBHGg<RTg´

esamnsSi®nÞIy¾enaH enACitpg eRBaHminTan´knøgehIy edayRtwm

naMmk y¨agenHehIy k*RTg´GacjúaMgRBHeyaKI okan´ykGTuk¡m-

RtUv eRBaHminmanóebk¡aEdldl´nUvGb|napg . EtkñúgctutæCÄan

suxevTnaenaH za

minKb|ImaneT .

minEmnCaesamnsS minEmnCaeTamnsSç

BYg .

k*eRBaHehtudUecñaH karkan´yk edayminess

sl´ KÅRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´eZVIehIykñúgRBH:lIenaH>za ²Tuk¡i®nÞIy¾ EdlekIteLIgehIy rEmgrlt´eTA edayminesssl´ kñúgTIenH dUecñHCaedIm edayRbkardUecñHÉg³ . kñúgGZikar énctutæCÄanenH ²kalebIdUecñaHç

evTnaTaMgenaH

óbcar;énQanenaH>ç

ZmμCatenH eQμaHza

GTuk¡msuxevTna³ dUecñH . müa¨geT[t bNÐitKb|IRCabevTnaTaMgenaHza ²RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ehIy edIm|IsMEdgnUvbc©&yénecetavimutþi EdlCaGTuk¡m-

GacarüGñkecaT :neBal za ; sUm|IRBHeyaKIlHbg´ehIy

suxevTna³ dUecñHpgk*:n .

EmnBit ó:yTaMgLaymankarlH

kúñg

Tuk¡CaedIm Cabc©&yénecetavimutþi EdlCaGTuk¡msuxevTnaenaH .

eRBaHehtuGVI :nCaRBHmanRBHPaK RTg´naM

smdUcCaRBHZmμTinñaezrI eBalza ²mñalGavuesa bc©&yéneceta-

mkehIy kñúgTIenH/³ dUecñH . eqøIyza

²ZmμCatNa EdlminEmnCasux minEmnCaTuk¡

²edIm|IkMNt´ykRsYl .

vimutþismabtþi EdlCaGTuk¡msuxevTna man4 y¨aghñwgÉgç mñal eRBaHGTuk¡msuxevTna

Gavuesa Pik¡ú kñúgRBHZmμvin&yenH eRBaHlHbg´nUvsux;pg

.l.


visuTÆimK< ERb cUldl´ctutæCÄanehIyenAç

367

mñalGavuesa bc©&ybYn éneceta-

vimutþismabtþi EdlCaGTuk¡msuxevTna y¨agenHÉg³ dUecñH . müa¨geT[t bNÐit Kb|IRCabza ²sMeyaCnkielsTaMgLay mansk,ayTidðiCaedIm sUm|IRBHeyaKIlHbg´ehIy kñúgmK<déT Et RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´za ²RBHeyaKIlHbg´ehIy kñúgttiymK<

368

bfvIksiNnieTÞs

suxevTnaxøH ehAzaóebk¡aevTnaxøH . evTna TI3 enaH bNÐitKb|I RCabza mankaresayGarmμN¾pÞúyGMBI«dðarmμN¾ nig GnidðarmμN¾ Calk¡N; manPaBCaRBegIyCakic© mankarminekItR:kdCapl mankarrMlt´suxCaehtu . :f; za

²óebk¡asti:risuTÆw³

ERbza

manesckþIbrisuTiÆ

enaH edIm|IRtas´sresIrnUvttiymK< y¨agNaç evTnaTaMgenaH RBH

énsti KÅóebk¡aoekItehIy .

manRBHPaKRtas´ehIy kñúgctutæCÄanenH edIm|IRTg´Rtas´sresIr

lÁ . k*esckþIbrisuTÆiNaénstienaHç esckþIbrisuTÆienaH KÅóebk¡a

nUvQanenaHÉg k*y¨agenaHEdr³ .

eZVIehIyç minEmnsPav;déTeZVIeT .

eRBaHzasti kñúgQanenH brisuTÆ

ehtuenaH QanenH eTIbRBH

mYyvijeT[t bNÐit Kb|IRCabza ²RBHGg<Rtas´evTnaTaMg

manRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ehAza ²manesckþIbrisuTiÆénsti KÅóebk¡a

enaH edIm|IRTg´sMEdgnUvPav;énraK; nig eTas;TaMgLayCaZmμCat

oekItehIy³ . sUm|IkñúgviPg<k*elakeBalza ²stienHCaZmμCati

eRBaHkMcat´bg´ecalnUvbc©&y³ .

ebIkehIy CaZmμCatibrisuTÆpUrpg´ eRBaHóebk¡aenH ehtuenaH eTIb

EmnBit kñúgevTnaTaMgenaH sux;Cabc©&yénesamnsSç esamnsS

RBHmanRBHPaKRtas´za ²manesckþIbrisuTÆiénsti eRBaHóebk¡a³ .

Cabc©&yénraK;ç Tuk¡; Cabc©&yéneTamnsSç eTamnsS Cabc©&y

k*esckþIbrisuTÆiénsti

éneTas;ç k*eRBaHQanenaH smøab´nUvevTna mansuxevTnaCaedIm

óebk¡aenaH bNÐitKb|IRCabza edayesckþI KÅtRtmCÄtþta . min

qáayéRkeBk kñúgctutæCÄanenaH

raK; nig eTas; RBmTaMgbc©&y KÅQanenaHsmøab´ehIy ehtu enaH raK; nig eTas; enaH eTIbeQμaHza manenAkñúgTIqáayéRkeBk y¨agdUecñHÉg . ‘107’

:lIza

²GTuk¡msuxM³ manvinicä&yza;

eQμaHza GTuk¡; eRBaHminmanTuk¡ç sux .

rEmgman

eRBaHóebk¡aNaç

EmnEtstimüa¨gb¨ueNÑaHeTEdlbrisuTÆ eRBaHóebk¡aenaH kñúgQanTI 4 enHç

tamBit sm|yutþZm(TaMgBYgk*brisuTÆEdr . EtRTg´Rtas´

eTsna edayelIkyksti mkCaRbZan .

kñúgQanTaMgenaH

QanenH

óebk¡aenH mankñúgQanTaMgLay 3 BÆd*xageRkamhñwgÉg k*Bit

eQμaHza Gsux; eRBaHminman

EmnehIy b¨uEnþza eRb[bdUcCasñaménRBHc&nÞ sUm|Iman kñúgevla

RBHmanRBHPaK sMEdgnUvevTna TI3

EdlCasRtUvénTuk¡

nig sux kñúgctutæCÄanenaH edayBaküenH minEmnRTg´sMEdgRtwm EtkarminmanTuk¡ nig suxeT .

kñúgQanenH

evTna TI3 elakehAza GTuk¡m-

ézá k*CaZmμCatiminbrisuTÆ minpUrpg´ eRBaHRtUvBnøÅRBHGaTitü kñúg evlaézá RKbsg,t´pg eRBaHmin:nnUvraRtI EdlmancMENkesμI Kñapg edayPaBénxøÜnCaRBHc&nÞ nig edayPav;énraRtI

CaGñkTMnuk


visuTÆimK< ERb bMrugxøÜnpg y¨agNamijç enHÉg

k*y¨agenaHEdr

369

sUm|IsñaménRBHc&nÞ KÅtRtmCÄtþúebk¡a

sUm|ICaman

k*CaZmμCatiminbrisuTÆ

kñúg

370

bfvIksiNnieTÞs

BaküenaH ‘teTA’ .

Pav;énctutæCÄan lHGg< 1 bNÐitKb|IRCab

edayGMNackarlHesamnsS. k*esamnsSenaH RBHeyaKI lH

RbePTénQan manbfmCÄanCaedIm eRBaHRtUvetCHénZm(EdlCa

bg´:nEtkñúgCv&nxagedImTaMgLay kñúgvizIEtmYyeT .

sRtUvmanvitk,;CaedIm RKbsg,t´pg eRBaHmin:nnUvraRtIKÅóebk¡a-

esamnsSenaH eTIbRBHmanRBHPaKRtas´ za ²CaGg< sRmab´lH³

evTna EdlmancMENkesμIKñapg . k*kalebIóebk¡aevTnaenaH min brisuTÆehIyç

sUm|IshCatZm(TaMgLay

manstiCaedIm

k*Ca

ZmμCatminbrisuTÆpgEdr dUcCaBnøÅénsñamRBHc&nÞ EdlminbrisuTÆ kñúgevlaézá k*minPøÅc|as´ y¨agdUecñaHEdr .

ehtuenaH bNþaQan

TaMg3 BÆd*xageRkamenaH sUm|IQan1 k*RBHmanRBHPaK minRtas´ za ²óebk¡asti:risuTÆi³ dUecñHeT .

EtkñúgctutæCÄanenH c&nÞelxa

rbs´ctutæCÄanenaH .

KÅóebk¡aevTna EdlmancMENkesμIKñapg .

eRBaHPav;énóebk¡a

enaH brisuTÆehIy sUm|IshCatZm(TaMgLaymanstiCaedIm k*Ca ZmμCatbrisuTÆpUrpg´pgEdr

dUcCaBnøÅénsñamRBHc&nÞ

EdlbrisuTÆ

y¨agenaHÉg . eRBaHehtuenaH bNÐitKb|IRCabza ctutæCÄanenH b¨ueNÑaH

KÅRBHmanRBHPaKRtas´za ²óebk¡asti:risuTÆi³ dUecñH .

bTza ²ctutæM³ KÅQanenH CaQan TI4 eRBaHmanlMdab´ éncMnYn .

QanenH eQμaHza TI 4 eRBaHRBHeyaKIcUlQanenH

CaTI 4 dUecñH k*:n . cMENkBaküNa EdleyIgeBalehIyza ²ctutæCÄan lH Gg< 1 RbkbRBmedayGg< 2³ dUecñHç bNÐitKb|IRCabvinicä&y kúñg

cMENkPav;énctutæCÄanenaH RbkbRBm

edayGg< 2 bNÐitKb|IRCab edayGMNackarekIteLIgénGg<TaMg 2 enH KÅóebk¡aevTna ‘nig’ cietþkK<ta .

Baküd*ess mann&y

dUceyIgeBalmkehIy kñúgbfmCÄannu@HÉg . n&ykñúgctutæCÄan enH manRtwmEtb¨ueNÑHÉg . ‘bJ©kCÄan’

KÅtRtmCÄtþúebk¡aenH CaZmμCatd*brisuTÆéRkeBk eRBaHminmanetCH énZm(EdlCasRtUvmanvitk,;CaedImRKbsg,t´pg eRBaH:nnUvraRtI

ehtuenaH

luHRBHeyaKI

GñkjúaMgQan

TI5

oekIteLIg

ecjcak

bfmCÄand*sÞat´rYcehIyeXIjeTas kñúgbfmCÄanenaHza ²sm|tþi enH mansRtUv KÅnIvrN;enACit³ dUecñH nig za ²sm|tþienH eQμaH zaCaGg<EdlmankmøaMgexSay eRBaHPav;énvitk,;CaGg<eRCakRCak³ dUecñHehIy Kb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþ nUvTutiyCÄan edayzaCaZm(d*lÁit RKbsg,t´nUvesckþIeRtkGr kñúgbfmCÄanehIy eZVIesckþIBüayam CaeRK]gRbkb edIm|I:nseRmcdl´TutiyCÄan .

RKaenaH kal

RBHeyaKIenaH ecjcakbfmCÄanehIy mansti manesckþIdwg xøÜn

BicarNanUvGg<QanTaMgLayç

Gg<RtwmEtvitk,;

rEmgtaMg

eLIgR:kd edayza CaGg<eRCakRCakç Gg<TaMgLay manvicar;Ca edIm

rEmgtaMgeLIgR:kd

edayza

CaGg<d*lÁit

kñúgkalNaç

kñúgkalenaH kalebIRBHeyaKIenaH eZVITukkñúgcitþer]y> nUvnimitþn@uH


visuTÆimK< ERb

371

372

bfvIksiNnieTÞs

Ég edaybrikmμza ²bfvI bfvI³ dUecñH edIm|IlHnUvGg<d*eRKatRKat

vicar;b¨ueNÑaH CaGg<sRmab´lH énttiyCÄanenaHç Gg<TaMgLay3

pg edIm|I:ncMeBaHnUvGg<d*lÁitpgç

manbItiCaedImCaGg<sRmab´Rbkb dUckñúgTutiyCÄanénctuk,n&y .

TutiyCÄan rEmgekIteLIg

tamn&yEdl:neBalmkehIyn@uHÉg . Gg<RtwmEtvitk,;b¨ueNÑaH CaGg<sRmab´lHbg´nUvTutiyCÄanenaHç Gg<TaMgLay 4 manvicar; CaedIm CaGg<sRmab´Rbkb .

Baküd*ess manRbkar;dUceBal

luHdl´TutiyCÄanenHÉg KÅRBHeyaKI:nehIyy¨agenHç RBH eyaKI CaGñkmanesckþIRbRBwtþisÞat´ edayGakar;TaMgLay5 tam n&yEdl:neBalmkehIyn@uHÉg ecjcakTutiyCÄan EdlsÞat´ ehIy eXIjeTas kñúgTutiyCÄanenaHza ²sm|tþienHmansRtUv KÅ vitk,;enACit³ dUecñH nig za ²sm|tþienH eQμaHza CaGg<mankmøaMg exSay eRBaHPav;énvicar; CaGg<eRKatRKat³ dUecñHehIy eZVITukkñúg citþ nUvttiyCÄan za CaZm(lÁit RKbsg,t´nUvesckþIeRtkGr kñúg TutiyCÄanehIy eZVIesckþIBüayamCaeRK]gRbkb edIm|I:nsMerc RKaenaH kalRBHeyaKIenaH ecjcakTutiyCÄan

ehIy mansti manesckþIdwgxøÜn BicarNanUvGg<QanTaMgLayç Gg<RtwmEtvicar;rEmgtaMgeLIgR:kdza CaGg<eRCakRCakç Gg<TaMg Lay

manbItiCaedIm rEmgtaMgeLIgR:kd za

QanNa CaQan TI2 kñúgctuk,n&yç

CaGg<d*lÁit kñúg

kalNaç kñúgkalenaH kalebIRBHeyaKIenaH eZVITukkñúgcitþer]y> nUvnimitþn@uHÉg edaybrikmμ za ²bfvI bfvI³ dUecñH edIm|IlHbg´nUv Gg< d*eRKatRKatpg edIm|I:ncMeBaHnUvGg<d*liÁtpgç

ttiyCÄan

rEmgekIteLIg tamn&ydUc:neBalmkehIyn@uHÉg .

Gg<RtwmEt

QanenaH Eckecj

Ca 2 manTutiyCÄanpg ttiyCÄanpg kñúgbJ©kn&yç ÉQan TaMgLayNa

mkehIyn@uHÉg .

ttiyCÄan .

Baküd*ess mann&ydUc:neBalmkehIyn@uHÉg .

CaQan TI3 nig TI4

TaMgLayenaH CaQan TI4 nig TI5ç

kñúgctuk,n&yenaH Qan TI1

Qan

KÅCaQan TI1

Etmüa¨g edayRbkar;dUecñHÉg . briecäT TI4 eQμaH bfvIksiNnieTÞs kñúgGZikarénsmaZiPavna kñúgKm¬IreQμaHvisuTÆimK< Edlx\úMer[ber[gehIy edIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´kiriyajúaMgsaZuCnorIkraycb´ehIy edayRbkardUecñH .

♣♣♣ er[ber[gcb´bribUr

ézáGaTitü 3 ekIt ExbusS qñaMCUt Gdðs&k BÇsÇ 2540 RtUvnwgézáTI 9 kumÖ; 1997 evlaláac


essk,siNnieTÞs

373

‘108’ «LÚvenH Cakza edayBisþar kñúgGae:ksiN kñúg

Gae:ksiN

EmnBit RBHeyaKI GñkR:zñaedIm|IcMerIn

RtUvGg<úyoRsYl

ehIyer[nyknUvnimitþ

kñúgTwk

dUcCaGñkcMerInbfvIksiN y¨agenaHEdr . bTTaMgBYgza ²nimitþ

EdlRBHeyaKIeZVIehIykþI minTan´eZVIehIykþI³ dUecñHCaedIm bNÐit Kb|I ‘sMEdg’ oBisþar .

ÉbTTaMgBYgenaH bNÐitKb|I ‘sMEdg’

oBisþarkñúgGae:ksiNenH y¨agNaç

kñúgksiNTaMgBYg k*RtUv

‘sMEdg’ oBisþar y¨agenaHEdr . eRBaHza bnÞab´GMBIenHeTA eyIg nwgmineBalBakümanRbmaNb¨ueNÑHeT[teT

essk,siNnieTÞs

Rkhm nig BN(-sç

‘Gae:ksiN’ lMdab´énbfvIksiN .

374

eBalRtwmEtesckþI

EdlEbøkKñab¨ueNÑaHÉg . sUm|IkñúgGae:ksiNenH nimitþkñúgTwk EdlRBHeyaKImin:n

EtTwkNa EdlminTan´Zøak´dl´EpndIenA

eLIy KÅbuK<lRtgehIy edaysMBt´d*sÁat elIGakas ßza Twk déTEdlzøasÁat minlÁk´ mansPaBdUecñaHk*:nç RtUvRckTwkenaH oeBj:Rt ß kuNÐI esμIRtwmkNþab´mat´ehIy tm,l´Tuk enAkñúg OkasEdlxøÜn:nkMNt´TukehIymanRbkardUceBalehIy Gg<úy oRsYl kñúgTIbMputénvtþ minKb|IBicarNaBN( ‘énTwk’eT . eyaKIminRtUveZVITukkñúgcitþdl´lk¡N;eT .

Kb|IeZVITwkenaH oman

BN(esμIedayTIGaRs&yEmnBit tm,l´citþ kñúgbNÑtþiZm( eday GMNacénBaküEdleRbImkeRcIn ehIycMerIn za ²Gae: Gae:³ dUecñH edayGMNacéneQμaHEdlR:kdEmnBit kñúgceNþameQμaH énTwkTaMgLayman ²Gm¬úç óTk;ç varIç slil;³ dUecñHCaedIm . kalRBHeyaKIenaH cMerIny¨agenHç

nimitþTaMg 2

rEmgekIteLIg

eZVIehIy KÅkñúgRsHe:k¡rNIkþI kñúgRtBaMgkþI kñúgTenø‘TwkéRb’kþI kñúg

tamn&yEdlelakeBalehIy edaylMdab´n@uHÉg .

smuRTkþI

Gae:ksiNenH óK<hnimitþ rEmgR:kddUcCajab´j&r .

rEmgekIteLIg

dl´RBHeyaKI

GñkmanbuNü

mankar

RBH

Etza kñúg zaebI

ksageZVITukehIy kñúgkalmunEmnBit dUcCanimitþekIteLIg dl´

TwkenaH CaTwkEdllayedaydMuBBuHTwkç óK<hnimitþ k*nwgR:kd

RBHcULsivetær y¨agenaHÉg.

:n»mkza kalelakd*manGayu

eLIg y¨agdUecñaHEdr . eTasénksiN rEmgR:kd . cMENkÉ

Gg<enaH lHbg´nUvlaPsk,ar; Kitza ²Gj nwgenA enAy¨agsáb´

bdiPaKnimitþ minjab´j&r R:kdeLIg hak´dUcCapøitsøwketñat Ca

sáat´³ dUecñH k*eLIgCiHTUk nakMBg´d*ZMehIy eTAkan´Cm¬ÚTVIb RkeLk

vikar;énEkvmNI EdlbuK<ltm,l´TukehIy BÆd*Gakaspg hak´

emIlmhasmuRT kñúgcenøaHç ksiNnimitþ EdlmancMENkeRb[b

bIdUcCamNÐl énkJ©k´EkvmNIpg .

dUcmhasmuRTenaH :nekIteLIgehIy .

RBHeyaKIGñkmin:neZVI

seRmcnUvóbcarCÄanç ctutæCÄan nig bJ©kCÄan mYyGenøIeday

karksagTukehIy eC[svagnUveTas énksiNTaMgLay 4 kMu

karR:kdeLIg énbdiPaKnimitþenaHÉg tamn&yEdl:neBalmk

Galkan´ykTwk manBN(NamYy

ehIyEmnBit .

kñúgcMeNamBN(ex[vç el]gç

RBHeyaKIenaH rEmg:n

Gae:ksiN cb´ehIy .


visuTÆimK< ERb

375

‘eteCaksiN’

eLIg

kñúgeteCaksiNenaH nimitþ rEmgekIt

dl´RBHeyaKIGñkmanbuNü

kaler[nyknimitþ

mankarksag:neZVITukehIy

kñúgePøIgEdlxøÜnminTan´eZVIehIy

RkeLkemIl

GNþatePøIg kñúgceg,{gç kñúgeCIgRkanç kñúgkEnøgdut:Rt ß kñúg ePøIgEdleqHéRB kñúgTINamYyk*eday dUcCanimitþekIteLIg dl´ RBHcitþKutþetæry¨agenaHÉg . GayuGg<enaH

esckþIdMNalza; kalelakd*man

cUleTAkan´eragóe:sz

essk,siNnieTÞs

dl´lk¡N; edayza Carbs´ekþA .

‘109’ ÉRBHeyaKIGñkmanR:zñaedIm|IcMerIneteCaksiN RtUv er[nyknimitþ kñúgePøIg .

376

kñúgézáCaTIsþab´Zm(ehIy

RkeLkemIlGNþatePøIgRbTIbb¨ueNÑaH nimitþ k*ekIteLIg . ÉRBHeyaKI eRkAGMBIenH Kb|IeZVI ‘ksiNnimitþ’ .

esμIKñaedayTIGaRs&yn@uHÉg tm,l´citþkñúgbNÑtiþZm( edayGMNac BaküEdleRbImkeRcIn ehIycMerInza ²eteCa eteCa³ dUecñH eday GMNacéneQμaHEdlR:kdEmnBit

kñúgcMeNameQμaH

rbs´ePøIg

dUcCa

²:vekaç kNØvtþniç CateveTaç hutasena³

y¨agenHCaedIm .

kalRBHeyaKIenaHcMerIny¨agdUecñHç nimitþTaMg 2

TaMgLay

rEmgekIteLIgedaylMdab´ tamn&yEdl:neBalehIyminxan . óK<hnimitþ

kñúgeteCaksiNenaH

rEmgR:kd

dac´ehIyZøak´cuH> y¨agenaHÉg . R:kd

enHCaviZI

Kb|IeZVIePøIgenaH omanB(N

ehIy .

dUcCaGNþatePøIg

cMENkeTasénksiN rEmg

dl´RBHeyaKIGñker[nyknimitþ

kñúgePøIgEdlxøÜnmin:neZVI

Gg,t´ós EdlePøIgmineqHpg dMuénregIkePøIgpg epHpg

sRmab´eZVI kñúgksiNnimitþenaH . RBHeyaKI RtUvBuHósEdlman

EpSgpg rEmgR:kd .

xøwm mansac´d*Cit halósTaMgenaHo:nsáÜt eZVIoCakMNat´>

dUcCakMNat´sMBt´km¬lBN(Rkhm

ehIy eTAkan´Kl´eQI ßk* mNÐlEdlsmKYreZVICaKMnr eday

Gakas dUcCapiøtsøwketñatBN(dUcmas nig hak´bIdUcCassr

Gakar;dUcCadut:Rt ehIydutePøIg eZVICaRbehagmanRbmaNmYy

mas y¨agenaHÉg .

cMGam bYnZñab´ BÆd*kenÞlrMeck ß Es|k ßk* pÞaMgsMBt´ k*:n .

nUvctutæCÄan nig bJ©kCÄanpg mYyGenøIedaykarR:kdeLIg én

RBHeyaKI Kb|Idak´kenÞlrMeckç Es|k ß pÞaMgsMBt´enaH cMxagmux

bdiPaKnimitþenaHÉg tamn&yEdl:neBalmkehIyEmnBit .

ehIyGg<úy tamn&yEdlelakeBalehIyn@uHÉg kMueZVITukkñúgcitþ

bdiPaKnimitþnwgz,l´ R:kdeLIg hak´bI EdleKtm,l´TukehIy BÆd*

RBHeyaKIenaH rEmg:nnUvóbcarCÄanpg

eteCaksiN cb´ehIy .

nUvesμA nig ós BÆd*xageRkam ßk* nUvEpSg nig GNþatePøIg BÆd*

‘110’ ÉRBHeyaKIGñkmanR:zñaedIm|IcMerInvaeyaksiN RtUv

xagelIehIy Kb|Ier[nyknimitþBÆd*GNþatePøIgCadMuRtg´kNþal .

er[nyknimitþ kñúgxül´ . k*nimitþkñúgxül´enaH KÅRBHeyaKIKb|Ier[n

RBHeyaKI minRtUvBicarNaBN( edayGMNacBN( manCaGaTi¾za

yk edayGMNacénxül´EdlxøÜneXIjehIy ßk* edayGMNac

²BN(ex[v ßk* BN(el]g³

énxül´EdlxøÜnBal´RtUvehIy .

dUecñHeLIy .

minKb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþ

EmnBit BaküenH KÅelakeBal


visuTÆimK< ERb

377

378

essk,siNnieTÞs

ehIy kñúgGdðkzaTaMgLayza ²RBHeyaKI kaler[nyknUvvaeya-

eRBaHRKan´EteXIjKMnrp,akRmg ß kRmalp,aEdlmanBN(dUecñaH

ksiN Etger[nyknUvnimitþ kñúgxül´ KÅEtgcUleTAkMNt´nUvcug

kñúgTIsRmab´bUCa ßk* nUvvtæúNamYy kñúgcMeNamsMBt´BN(ex[v

GMeBAEdlRtUvxül´bk´eTAbk´mk ß kMNt´nUvcugb\sSI cugeQI ß

nig EkvBN(ex[vCamun .

k* cugsk´ EdlRtUvxül´bk´eTAmk k*:n kMNt´xül´ Edlmk

Laymanp,aób|lex[v nig p,akNÑikaPñMCaedIm mkRkaloeBj

Bal´RtUv kñúgkayk*:n³ dUecñH .

épÞRbGb´ ßk* épÞhibo:nesμIRtwmkNþab´mat´ edaysøwkeQITaMg

ehtuenaH RBHeyaKI eXIjedIm

RBHeyaKIeRkAenH Kb|Ikan´ykp,aTaMg

GMeBAkþI b\sSIkþI edImeQIkþI EdlmansøwkduHCitfitenAesμIRtwmk|al

Layn@uHÉg edayviZIEdleksr ßk* Tg minR:kd .

ß nUvk|alénburs Edlmansk´Rkas´

RBHeyaKIKb|IyksMBt´BN(ex[vmkcgCabgVicehIy RckoeBj

RbmaNbYnZñab´ Edl

xül´bk´RtUvehIy Kb|ItaMgsμartIza ²xül´enHbk´ kñúgTIenH³ dUecñH

k*:n

BMuenaHesat Kb|ItaMgsμartI kñúgxül´EdlcUleTAehIy tamcenøaH

BasRtg´kNþab´mat´énbgVicenaH odUcCaépÞéns<r k*:n .

bgÁÜckþI tamcenøaHCJ¢aMgkþI ehIybk´mkRtUvkayb|eTs rbs´RBH

eyaKI Kb|IykZatuNamYy kñúgcMeNamZatu manBN(ex[v dUcCa

eyaKIenaH ehIycMerInza ²vaeta vaeta³ dUecñH edayGMNaceQμaH

sMrwTÆ ex[vdUcCasøwkeQI nig ex[vdUcCap,aGJ¢&n mkeZVICamNÐl-

R:kdEmnBit kñúgcMeNameQμaH énxül´TaMgLay manCaGaTi¾za

ksiN

²vat;ç malit;ç Gnil;³ dUecñH . óK<hnimitþ kñúgvaeyaksiNenH

eBalmkehIy kñúgbfvIksiN ßk* Rtg´CJ¢aMgEtmþgk*:n ehIy

R:kddUcCanimitþjab´j&r R:kdesμIedayxμaj´éncMhay:y:-

.

müa¨gvijeT[t

RBHeyaKI

mYyeT[t

Kb|IyksMBt´BN(ex[venaH

oCarbs´EdlxøÜnnaMykeTA:n

RBH

edayn&yEdlelak

kat´CMuvij tamBN(EdlmancMENkminesμIKña . bnÞab´BIenaH RBH

yas EdlbuK<leTIbEtnwgdak´cuHGMBIeCIgRkan . bdiPaKnimitþ Ca

eyaKIKb|IjúaMgkareZVITukkñúgcitþ oRbRBwtþeTAza ²nIlM nIlM³ dUecñH

nimitþsáb´sáat´nwgz,l´ . Baküd*ess bNÐitKb|IRCab tamn&y

tamn&yEdlelakeBalehIy kñúgbfvIksiN .

EdlelakeBalehIyn@uHÉg . vaeyaksiN cb´ehIy .

k,siNenH

‘111’ k*bnÞab´GMBIvaeyaksiNenaHmk eRBaH:lIza ²RBH kaler[nyknIlk,siN

rEmger[nyknimitþ

kñúgvtæúman

BN(ex[v Cap,akþI CasMBt´kþI CaZatumanBN(kþI³ dUecñH nimitþ rEmg ekIteLIg

dl´RBHeyaKIGñkmanbuNü

kñúgóK<hnimitþ

.

vtæúTaMg

Laymaneksrç Tg nig cenøaHénRtbkCaedIm rEmgR:kdeLIg.

‘nIlk,siN’

eyaKI

eTasénksiNk*R:kd

sUm|IkñúgnIl-

mankarksageZVITukehIy

bdiPaKnimitþ rbUtehIyGMBImNÐlénksiN R:kddUcCaTg én etñat Cavikar;énEkv BÆd*Gakas .

Baküd*ess bNÐitKb|IRCab

tamn&yEdlelakeBalehIyn@uHÉg . nIlk,siN cb´ehIy .


visuTÆimK< ERb

379

‘bItk,siN’ ‘112’

380

essk,siNnieTÞs

Rkhm KÅkñúgp,axøH kñúgsMBt´xøH kñúgZatumanBN(xøH³ dUecñH.

sUm|IkñúgbItk,siN k*n&ydUcKñaenHEdr .

tamBit

eRBaH

ehtuenaH sUm|Ikñúgelahitk,siNenH nimitþ rEmgekIteLIg dl´

BaküenH RBHGdðkzacarüeBalehIyza ²RBHeyaKI kaler[nyk

RBHeyaKIGñkmanbuNü

nUvbItk,siN rEmger[nyknUvnimitþ kñúgBN(el]g KÅkñúgp,axøH kñúg

eXIjKMnrénp,akRmg manp,asirman´CaedIm ß kRmalp,aEdlman

sMBt´xøH kñúgZatumanBN(xøH³ dUecñH .

BN(dUecñaH ßk* nUvvtæúNamYy kñúgcMeNamsMBt´BN(Rkhmç

eRBaHehtuenaH

sUm|Ikñúg

bItk,siNenH nimitþ rEmgekIteLIg dl´RBHeyaKI GñkmanbuNü mankarksageZVITukehIy eRBaHRKan´Et:neXIjKMnrp,akRmg ß kRmalp,aEdlmanBN(dUecñaH ßk* nUvvtæúNamYykñúgcMeNamsMBt´ manBN(el]g nig ZatuBN(el]g dUcCanimitþ ekIteLIg dl´RBH citþKutþetær y¨agenaHÉg .

:n»mkza; kalelakd*manGayu

Gg<enaH eXIjnUveRK]gbUCaelIGasn; EdleKeZVIehIy edayp,a cnøúgRkhmTaMgLay kñúgcitþbB(tviharç nimitþb¨unGasn; :nekIt eLIgehIy RBmCamYynwgkareXIjEtmþg . cMENkRBHeyaKIeRkA enH Kb|Iykp,aTaMgLaymanp,akNÑikaCaedIm ß sMBt´BN(el]g ßk* Zatu ‘BN(el]g’ mkeZVICaksiN tamn&yEdlelakeBal ehIy kñúgnIlk,siNn@uHÉg ehIyjúaMgmnsikar oRbRBwtþeTA za

²bItkM bItkM³ dUecñH . Baküd*ess dUcKñahñwgÉg .

k*mann&ydUcKñaenHEdr

.

EmnBit BaküenH RBHGdðkzacarüeBalehIyza ²RBHeyaKIkal er[nyknUvelahitk,siN rEmger[nyknUvnimitþ

Ekv

BN(Rkhm nig ZatuBN(Rkhm . cMENkRBHeyaKIeRkAenH Kb|I ykp,aTaMgLaymanp,ac|aç p,asirman´ nig p,aesμAknÞúydMrIRkhm CaedIm ß sMBt´Rkhm ßk* Zatu ‘BN(Rkhm’ mkeZVICaksiN tamn&ydUc:neBalmkehIyhñwgÉg kñúgnIlk,siN ehIyjúaMg mnsikar

oRbRBwtþeTA

za

²elahitkM elahitkM³ dUecñH .

Baküd*ess k*dUcKñaenaHEdr . elahitk,siN cb´ehIy . ‘OTatk,siN’ ‘114’

bNÐit Kb|IRCabvinicä&y

kñúgOTatk,siNpgEdr .

eRBaH:lIza ²RBHeyaKI kaler[nykOTatk,siN rEmger[nyk nUvnimitþ kñúgBN(-s KÅkñúgp,axøH kñúgsMBt´xøH kñúgZatumanBN(xøH³ dUecñHç nimitþ rEmgekIteLIg dl´RBHeyaKIGñkmanbuNü mankar

nYnRsI nig p,amiøHCaedIm ß KMnrp,aRBlit-s nig p,aQUkCaedIm

‘elahitk,siN’ sUm|Ikñúgelahitk,siN

eRBaHRKan´Et

ksageZVIehIymun eRBaHRKan´EteXIjKMnrp,akRmg ß kRmalp,a

bItk,siN cb´ehIy .

‘113’

mankarksageZVITukehIy

kñúgvtæúmanB(N

ßk* sMBt´BN(-s nig ZatuBN(-s TaMgLay rbs´NamYy . sUm|IkñúgmNÐlénsMN mNÐlR:k´ mNÐlénRBHc&nÞTaMgLay nimitþ k*ekIteLIgdUcKñaEdr .

RBHeyaKI eRkABIenH Kb|Iykp,a-s

TaMgLay ß sMBt´BN(-s ßk* ZatuBN(-s mkeZVICaksiN


visuTÆimK< ERb tamn&yEdleBalmkehIy

kñúgnIlk,siNhñwgÉg

mnsikar oRbRBwtþeTAza ²OTatM OTatM³ dUecñH .

381 ehIyjúaMg Baküd*ess

k*dUcKñanu@HEdr . OTatk,siN cb´ .

382

essk,siNnieTÞs

nimitþR:kdesμI edaymNÐlEdltaMgeLIgehIyBÆd*CJ¢aMg ß elI EpndIn@uHÉg .

KMnrénBnøÅ . Baküd*essk*dUcKñaenaHEdr . Gaelakk,siNcb´ . ‘bricäinñakask,siN’

‘Gaelakk,siN’ ‘115’ ÉkñúgGaelakk,siN bNÐiKb|IRCabvinicä&y‘dUcteTA’

bdiPaKnimitþCanimitþRkas´ nig zøa R:kdesμIeday

‘116’

bNÐit Kb|IRCabesckþIvinicä&y

kñúgGakask,siN

eRBaH:lIza ²RBHeyaKI kaler[nykGaelakk,siN rEmger[n

EdlelakkMNt´ehIypgEdrç eRBaH:lIza ²RBHeyaKI kaler[n

yknUvnimitþ kñúgBnøÅ KÅ kñúgRbehagCJ¢aMgxøH kñúgRbehagsøwketñat

yknUvGakask,siN rEmger[nyknUvnimitþ kñúgGakas KÅ Rtg´

xøH kñúgcenøaHbgÁÜcxøH³ dUecñHç nimitþ rEmgekIteLIg dl´RBHeyaKI

RbehagCJ¢aMgkþI Rtg´RbehagsøwketñatkþI Rtg´cenøaHbgÁÜckþI³ dUecñHç

GñkmanbuNümankarksageZVITukehIyCadMbUg eRBaHRKan´EteXIj

nimitþ rEmgekIteLIg dl´RBHeyaKIGñkmanbuNü mankarksageZVI

BnøÅRBHGaTitü ß BnøÅRBHc&nÞEdlcUleTAtamRbehagTaMgLayman

TukehIyCamun

RbehagCJ¢aMgCaedIm RbehagNamYy ehIyjúaMgmNÐl oekIt

RbehagTaMgLay manRbehagCJ¢aMgCaedImb¨ueNÑaH .

eLIg BÆd*CJ¢aMg ß elIEpndI BMuenaHesat ecjtamcenøaHénEmk

eRkAenH Kb|IeZVIRbehagomanRbmaN1 cMGam 4 Zñab´ BÆd*mNÐb

eQI EdlmansøwkRkas´ ß tamRbeLaH énmNÐlEmkeQIEdl

EdlbuK<lRbk´CitlÁehIy ß BÆd*kMNat´ÉNamYy bNþakMNat´

Rkas´ ehIyjúaMgmNÐl oekIteLIg elIEpndIn@uHÉg k*:nEdr .

TaMgLay mankMNat´Es|k nig kenÞlrMeckCaedIm ehIycMerIn

ÉRBHeyaKIeRkAenH Kb|IcMerInmNÐlénBnøÅ manRbkardUc:neBal

RbehagenaHÉg EdlmanRbehagénCJ¢aMgCaedIm CaRbePT za

eRBaHRKan´EteXIjRbehagNamYy

kñúgcMeNam RBHeyaKI

ehIyenaHÉgza ²OPaesa OPaesa³ ßza ²Gaelaeka Gaelaeka³

²Gakaesa Gakaesa³ dUecñH . óK<hnimitþ kñúgGakask,siNenH

dUecñH k*:n .

RBHeyaKI kalminGac‘eZVI’dUecñaH:neT Kb|IGuC

Canimitþ R:kdesμInwgRbehag RBmTaMgTITaMgLay manTIbMput én

RbTIb kñúgkÁm biTmat´kÁm eZVIRbehagkñúgkÁmehIy dak´omanmux

CJ¢aMgCaedImn@uHÉg sUm|IRBHeyaKIcMerIn k*mincMerInEdr . bdiPaK-

eTArkCJ¢aMg .

BnøÅRbTIb ecjtamRbehagenaHehIy eZVIoeTA

CamNÐlRtg´CJ¢aMg .

RBHeyaKI Kb|IcMerInmNÐlenaH za ;

²Gaelaeka Gaelaeka³ dUecñH. mNÐlénBnøÅenH CaBnøÅfitenA:n yUrCagBnøWeRkAGMBIenH .

óK<hnimitþ kñúgGaelakk,siNenH Ca

nimitþ dUcCamNÐlénGakasEmnBit rEmgR:kdeLIgpg kal RBHeyaKIcMerIn k*rEmgcMerIn:npg .

Baküd*ess bNÐitKb|I

RCab tamn&yEdl:neBalehIy kñúgbfvIksiNn@uHÉg . bricäinñakask,siN cb´ehIy .


visuTÆimK< ERb

383

RBHTsBl RBHGg<RTg´eXIj nUvZm(RKb´y¨ag :n Rtas´ehIynUvksiNTaMgLay 10 ÉNa ksiN TaMgLayenaH Caehtuénctuk,CÄan nig bJ©kCÄan kñúgzñak´rU:vcr dUcBN(namkenH . bNÐit :ndwg c|as´nUvksiNTaMgLay 10 enaH nig n&yénkar cMerInnUvksiNTaMg 10 enaHenH y¨agenHehIy Kb|Idwgc|as´bkiNÑkkzaenH edayéRkElg kñúg ksiNTaMgenaHpgcuH .

kareZVIePøIgoeqH:nç kareZVIePø{gregIkePøIg oekIteLIg:nç yk ePøIgeTArMlt´ePøIg:nç CaGñkGacnwgdutvtæú EdlxøÜnRtUvkarenaH:n EmnBitç

eZVInUvBnøWedIm|IRbeyaCn¾

dl´karemIlrUbeXIj

eday

TiBVck¡ú:nç eZVIsrIr;oeqH edayeteCaZatu kñúgsm&ybriniBVan:n dUecñH rEmgseRmc edayGMNac éneteCaksiN . b\TÆiTaMgLay manCaGaTi¾y¨agenH énxül´BüúHç

eZVIRKab´ePø{gCavikar;énxül´

KÅ; edIreTA dUcCadMeNIr oekIteLIg:n

dUecñH

rEmgseRmc:n edayGMNacénvaeyaksiN .

pgç eZVIoggwt:npgç :ncMeBaHnUvGPiPaytn; KÅCaeRK]gRKb

‘117’ k*b\TÆiTaMgLaymanCaGaTi¾y¨agenH KÅ PaBénb\TÆi man CaedImdUecñH KW buK<lsUm|Imñak´bNþaleTACabuK<leRcInnak´k*:nç nimiμtEpndI elIGakas ß elITwk ehIyedIreTA edayeCIg k*:n ßk* sMerc«riyabz mankarQr nig karGg<úyCaedImk*:nç :n cMeBaHnUvGPiPaytn; KÅehtuCaeRK]gRKbsg,t´ edayn&ytictYc nig n&yminmanRbmaN rEmgsMerc:n edayGMNacbfvIksiN kñúgcMeNam énksiNTaMgLayenH . b\TÆiTaMgLaymanCaGaTi¾ y¨agenH KÅ egIbeLIg nig muCcuH kñúgEpndI:nç eZVItMNk´Twk ‘ePø{g’ oekIteLIg:nç nimiμt nUvTwk eZVIEpndIç PñM nig R:saTCaedIm o

keRmIk k*:ndUecñH rEmgseRmcedayGMNacGae:ksiN . b\TÆiTaMgLay manCaGaTi¾ y¨agenH

essk,siNnieTÞs

b\TÆiTaMgLaymanCaGaTi¾y¨agenH KÅ nimiμtrUbmanBN(ex[v:n

‘bkiNÑkkza’

mansÞwg nig smuRT:nç

384

KÅ ;

karbgØúyEpSg:nç

sg,t´ edayn&ymansm|úrlÁ nigsm|úrGaRkk´:npgç :nsMrc dl´suPviemak¡pg dUecñH rEmgsMerc:nedayGMNacnIlk,siN. b\TÆiTaMgLay manCaGaTi¾ y¨agenH KÅ; nimiμtnUvrUbmanB(N el]g:nç pSg:nza; vtæúenH cUrekIteTACamask*:nç :ncMeBaH nUvGPiPaytn; tamn&yEdlelakeBalmkehIyn@uHÉg nig :n luHnUvsuPviemak¡:npg dUecñH rEmgseRmc:n edayGMNac én bItk,siN . b\TÆiTaMgLay manCaGaTi¾ y¨agenH KÅ; nimiμtnUvrUbmanB(N Rkhm:nç :ncMeBaHnUvGPiPaytn; nig :nluHsuPviemak¡:n pg tamn&yEdlelakeBalmkehIyn@uHÉgdUecñH rEmgsMerc:n edayGMNacénelahitk,siN . b\TÆiTaMgLay manCaGaTi¾y¨agenH KÅ; nimiμtnUvrUbmanBN(-s


visuTÆimK< ERb

385

386

essk,siNnieTÞs

eZVI

xagelImüa¨gç BYkxøH cMerInksiNxageRkamç BYkxøH cMerInksiN

BnøÅedIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´kareXIjrUb edayTiBVck¡úk*:n dUecñH rEmg

edayCMuvij ßk* pSBVpSayeTA y¨agdUecñH edayehtuenaH> dUcCa

seRmc:n edayGMNacOTatk,siN .

buK<lGñkR:zñacg´eXIjrUbedayck¡úTiBV pSayBnøWeTAy¨agdUecñaH .

:nç

eZVInUvzInmiTÆ;

oenAqáay:nç

kMcat´bg´nUvggwtk*:nç

b\TÆiTaMgLay manCaGaTi¾ y¨agenH KÅ; nimiμtnUvrUb manBnøÅ lÁ:nç eZVInUvzInmiTÆ; oenAkñúgTIqáay:nç kMcat´bg´nUvggwtk*:nç eZVIBnøÅedIm|IRbeyaCn¾ dl´kareXIjrUb edayTiBVck¡ú k*:n dUecñH rEmgseRmc:n edayGMNacGaelakk,siN . b\TÆiTaMgLay manCaGaTi¾y¨agenH KÅ; nimiμtnUvrbs´TaMgLay EdlkM:MgCit oebIkmk nimiμtnUvGakas ‘TIcMh’ sUm|IkñúgTITaMg LaymanxagkñúgEpndI nig PñMCaedIm ehIysMercnUv«riyabz:nç edIreTAmineTIsTak´ kñúgTITaMgLay manxageRkACJ¢aMgCaedImk*:n dUecñH rEmgseRmc:n edayGMNacénGakask,siN .

ksiNTaMgGs´hñwgÉg Etg:nnUvesckþIEbøkKñaenH KÅ; xag EmnBit

RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´:nRtas´BaküenH za ²buK<lBYkxøH kMNt´nUv bfvIksiN xagelIç BYkxøHkMNt´ xageRkamç BYkxøH kMNt´TTwgç minmanBIrç minmanRbmaN³ dUecñHCaedIm . bNþaBaküTaMgenaH Baküza ²óTÆM³ KÅ manmuxeq¬aHeTAkan´épÞ énGakasxagelI . xageRkam .

Baküza ²GeZa³ KÅ manmuxeq¬aHeTAkan´EpndI

Baküza ²tiriyM³ KÅ kMNt´ehIy edayCMuvij o

dUcCamNÐlénERs .

GeZa tiriyM³ dUecñH . cMENkBaküza ²GTVyM³ enH CaBaküEdlRBHGg<Rtas´ehIy edIm|IPav;énksiNmYy mincUleTAkan´ksiNmYyeT[t:n. dUc CakalbuK<lcuHTwkehIyç manEtTwkmüa¨gb¨ueNÑaHÉg kñúgTisTaMg BYgç vtæúdéTminmaneLIy y¨agNaç bfvIksiN k*CabfvIksiN Etmüa¨gç karRcbl´KñanwgksiNdéT minman dl´bfvIksiNenaH eLIy y¨agenaHEdrç n&yenH bNÐitKb|IRCab kñúgksiNTaMgBYg dUecñHÉg .

‘karEbøkKñaénksiN’ elIç xageRkamç TTwgç minmanBIrç minmanRbmaN³ .

eRBaHehtudUecñaH :nCaRBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´BaküenHza ²óTÆM

EmnBit RBHeyaKIBYkxøHcMerInksiN Et

Baküza ²Gb|maNM³ enH RBHGg<Rtas´ehIy edayGMNac karpSayeTA énksiNenaHminmanRbmaN .

EmnBit RBHeyaKI

kalpSayksiNenaH edaycitþ rEmgpSayeTATaMgGs´Etmþg . minRbkan´RbmaNza ²TIenHCaxagedImç TIenHCakNþalénksiN enaH³ dUecñHeLIy . k*stVTaMgLayenaHÉNa

EdlRBHd*manRBHPaKRtas´ehIy

za ²CaGñkRbkbRBmehIy edaysPav;CaeRK]graraMg KÅkmμ kþIç CaGñkRbkbRBmehIy edaysPav;CaeRK]graraMgKÅkiels kþIç Ca GñkRbkbRBmehIy edaysPav;CaeRK]graraMg KÅvi:k kþIç CaGñk minmansTÆaç minmanq&nÞ;ç «tR:C\aç CamnusSminKYr edIm|IcuHcitþ


visuTÆimK< ERb

387

388

essk,siNnieTÞs

kan´nUvniyam KÅGriymK<EdlCapøÚvRtwmRtUv kñúgZm(TaMgLay Edl

CamYynwgsb|úrsCaedIm

Cakusl³ dUecñHç karcMerIn sUm|IkñúgksiNmYy k*min:nseRmc

er]y> nUvkmμdðan dUc:ner[brab´mkenHÉg .

dl´bNþastVTaMgLayenaH sUm|IEtstVmYyeLIy . bNþabTTaMgenaH bTza ²kmμavreNn smnñaKta³ KÅ Rbkb RBmehIy edayGnnþriykmμ .

bTza ²kielsavreNn smnña-

Kta³ KÅRbkbehIyedayniytmicäaTidðipg CaóPetaBüJ¢nk; nig CaexÞIypg .

Baküza ²vi:kavreNn smnñaKta³ KÅ CaGñkman

bdisnÆiCaGehtuk; nigCaTViehtuk; . Baküza ²GsSTÆa³ KÅR:s caksTÆa kñúgRBHGriy;TaMgLay manRBHBuTÆCaedIm .

Baküza

ehIyeZVIesckþIBüayamkñúgkiriyaRbkb

briecäT TI5 eQμaHessk,siNnieTÞs kñúgGZikarénsmaZiPavna kñúgKm¬IreQμaHvisuTÆimK< Edlx\úMer[ber[gehIy edIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´kiriyajúaMgsaZuCnorIkray cb´ehIy edayRbkardUecñH . v

x v

²GcänÞika³ KW R:scakq&nÞ; kñúgbdibTa EdlminEmnCasRtUv . Baküza ²Tub|J¦a³ KÅ R:scaksmμaTidði EdlCaelakiy; nig elakutþr; .

Baküza ²GPBVa niyamM Ok,mitMu kuselsu Zemμsu

smμtMþ³ enaH esckþIza CaGñkminKYr edIm|IcuHcitþs)b´kan´GriymK< eBalKÅesckþIeT[gTat´pg

eBalKÅpøÚvd*RtwmRtUvpg

kñúgZm(TaMg

mYyvijeT[t minEmnEtkñúgksiNb¨ueNÑaHeT karcMerIn sUm|I kñúgkmμdðanTaMgLaydéTeT[t k*minseRmc:n dl´stVTaMgLay eRBaHehtuenaH kulbuRt sUm|IR:scak

vi:kavrN;ehIy Kb|Iev[rRsLHnUvkmμavrN; nigkielsavrN; o:nqáay

nwge:HBum¬pSayEckCaZmμTan enAeBlxagmuxenH sUmBuTÆbris&TCYyóbtæmÖ kñúgkic©karZmμTanenH tamkmøaMgsTÆaRCHzøaer[g>xøÜn sUmTak´Tg; Pikú¡ mhayin-en]n

LayEdlCakusl .

enaH sUm|IstVmYy .

es[vePA visuTÆimK<ERb PaKTI2 nig PaKTI3

júaMgsTÆaç q&nÞ; nig bJ¦a ocMerIn edayvuD¿iZm(TaMg

Lay mankarsþab´Zm( rbs´sb|úrs nig

kiriyacUleTAepþkpþit

Pikú¡ R:k´-pløI

‘714’ 744-2834

092-94-67-87

sUmGrKuN


GsuPkmμdðannieTÞs ‘118’

k*kñúgGsuP;

óTÆúmatkGsuPç

389

EdlminmanviJ¦aNTaMg 10 KÅ ;

vinIlkGsuPç

vibuBVkGsuPç

vicäiTÞkGsuPç

390

enAkkehIy EtPaKeRcIn manBN(ex[v kñúgTIEdlmanBN(ex[v dUcCarMuehIy edaysMBt´sadkmanBN(ex[v y¨agenHÉg . ‘vibuBVkGsuP’

vik¡ayitkGsuPç vik¡itþkGsuPç htvik¡itþkGsuPç elahitkGsuPç buLÚvkGsuPç GdiðkGsuP EdlelaksMEdgecjehIy kñúglMdab´ énksiNç

GsuP EdleQμaHza óTÆúmat; eRBaHCasaksBénsrIr;Edl ehIme:¨geLIg tamlMdab´GMBIkarGs´eTAénCIvit dUcCaeKyksñb´ sb´ . GsuPehIme:¨geLIghñwgÉg ehAza óTÆúmatkGsuP . mYyeT[t óTÆúmatkGsuP eQμaHza CaGsuPEdleKKYrex¬Im eRBaH Carbs´EdlKYrex¬ImreGIm eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbeQμaHza óTÆúmatkBaküza ²GsuPEdlehImeLIg³ enH Ca

eQμaHsrIr;énsaksBEdlmansPaBdUecñaH .

EdlmanBN(ex[v

ehAza GsuPmanBN(ex[v . eQμaHza vinIlkGsuP . CaGsuPEdlKYrex¬Im

layehIy

edayBN(epSg>

GsuP EdlmanBN(ex[vhñwgÉg

n&ymYyeT[t vinIlkGsuP

eRBaHCarbs´bdikUl

eQμaHza vinIlkGsuP EdlKYrex¬Im .

EdlmanTwkxÞúHhUrecjmk

kñúgTIEdlERbHEbkTaMg

Lay eQμaHza GsuPmanxÞúHhUrecj . vibuBV;hñwgÉg eQμaHza

eQμaHza

eRBaHehtuenaH

Baküza

ex¬Im

eRBaHCarbs´EdleKKYrex¬Im

vibuBVkGsuP .

eRBaHehtuenaH

eTIbeQμaHza

Baküza ²vibuBVk;³ enH KÅCaeQμaHénsrIr;énsak

sBEdlmanBN(y¨agdUecñaH . ‘vicäiTÞkGsuP’ GsuP EdlEbkdac´ecj eday 2 cMENk elakehAza vicäiTÞk;

.

vicäiTÞk;hñwgÉg

eQμaHza

vicäiTÞkGsuP . mYyeT[t

vicäiTÞkGsuP eQμaHza CaGsuPEdleKKYrex¬Im eRBaHCarbs´Edl eKKYrex¬Im eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbeQμaHza vicäiTÞkGsuP .

‘vinIlkGsuP’ GsuP

GsuP

vibuBVkGsuP . mYyeT[t vibuBVkGsuP eQμaHza CaGsuPEdlKYr

‘óTÆúmatkGsuP’

GsuP EdlKYrex¬Im .

GsuPkmμdðannieTÞs

eTIb

²GsuPmanB(N

ex[v³ enH CaeQμaHsrIr;énsaksBRss´ EdlmanBN(Rkhm kñúgTIEdlmansac´Rkas´TaMgLay manBN(-s kñúgTIEdlmanxÞúH

Baküza

²vicäiTÞk;³ enH CaeQμaHénsrIr; énsaksBRss´ EdleKkat´ ehIyRtg´kNþal . ‘vik¡ayitkGsuP’ GsuPÉNa EdlstVTaMgLay mansVan nig cckCaedIm xaMTMBasIuehIy ehtuenaH

edayGakar;epSg> Kña

GsuPenaH

eQμaHza

xagenHxøH

xagenaHxøH

vik¡ayitkGsuP . GsuPEdl

manstVsVan nigcckEhksIuhñwgÉg eQμaHza vik¡ayitkGsuP . mYyvijeT[t vik¡ayitkGsuP

eQμaHza

CaGsuPEdleKKYrex¬Im


visuTÆimK< ERb eRBaHCarbs´ E dleKKY r ex¬ I m

391

eRBaHehtu e naH

eTI b eQμ a Hza

GsuPkmμdðannieTÞs

edayQamEdlhUrecjmk .

Baküza ²vik¡ayitk;³ enH CaQμaH énsrIr;

vik¡ayitkGsuP .

‘vik¡itþkGsuP’

kñúgGsuPenaH

GsuP EdleKecalrat´rayehIy eQμaHza vik¡itþkGsuP . GsuP EdleKecalrat´raynu@HÉg eQμaHza vik¡itþkGsuP . mYy vik¡itþkGsuP

eQμaHza

‘buLÚvkGsuP’ dg,ÚvTaMgLay eQμaHza buLúv; .

énsaksBRss´ EdlmansPaBEbbenaH .

eT[t

392

CaGsuPEdleKKYrex¬Im

eRBaHehtuenaH

GsuPenaH

buLÚvkGsuP ‘CaTIecaHéndg,Úv’ .

qÁwghñwgÉg eQμaHza Gdðik; . Carbs´EdlKYrex¬Im

ecalehIy kñúgTIenaH> y¨agenH KÅ; édeTAedayepSgç eCIgeTA

eTIbeQμaHza

edayepSgç k|aleTAedayepSg dUecñHCaedIm .

énragqÁwg k*:n énqÁwgmYydMu k*:n .

GsuPenaH

RtUveKci®J©aMehIypg

Baküza ²buLúvk;³ enH Ca

‘GdðikGsuP’

Baküza ²vik¡itþk;³ enH KÅCaeQμaHénsrIr;énsaksBEdleKe:H

‘htviki¡tþkGsuP’

eTIb:neQμaHza

eQμaHénsrIr;énsaksBRss´ EdleBareBjehIyedaydg,Úv .

eRBaH

Carbs´EdlKYrex¬Im eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbeQμaHza viki¡tþkGsuP .

dg,ÚvTaMgLay revIkrvam

mYyeT[t qÁwg eQμaHza

eRBaHCarbs´EdleKKYrex¬Im

GdðikGsuP .

eRBaHehtuenaH

Baküza ²Gdðik;³ enH KÅCaeQμaH

k*BaküTaMgLay manBaküza óTÆúmatk; enHÉg CaeQμaH RtUveKe:Hecalrat´ray

énnimitþ EdlGaRs&ynUvGsuP manóTÆúmatkGsuPCaedImenHehIy

ehIy edayn&ymunn@uHÉgpg eRBaHehtuenaH GsuPenaH eQμaHza

ekIteLIgk*:n CaeQμaH énQanEdlRBHeyaKI :ncMeBaHehIy

htvik¡itþkGsuP . Baküza ²htvik¡itþk;³ enH KÅCaeQμaHénsrIr;

kñúgnimitþTaMgLayk*:n dUecñHÉg .

énsaksB EdleKci®J©aMnwgkaMbit Rtg´Gvyv;tUc-ZM TaMgLay edayGakar;dUcCaeCIgEkÁkehIy

e:Hecalrat´ray

edayn&y

Edl:neBalehIyn@uHÉg .

cMerInQan

GsuP EdleQμaHza elahitk; eRBaHmanelahitrat´ray hUrecjmkGMBIxagenHpg

‘119’

kñúgGsuPTaMg 10 enaH

júaMgóTÆúmatknimitþ

‘elahitkGsuP’ x©at´x©ay

‘viZIer[nóTÆúmatkGsuPkmμdðan’

xagenaHpg

.

Baküza

²elahitk;³ enH CaeQμaHénsrIr;énsaksBEdlRss´ RbLak´

RBHeyaKI R:zñaedIm|Inwg

kñúgsrIr;EdlehIme:¨g

eBalKÅóTÆúmatkGsuP

oekIteLIgehIy

Kb|IcUleTArkGacarü

man

RbkardUc:neBalehIy ehIyer[nykkmμdðan tamn&yEdl:n eBalmkehIy kñúgbfvIksiNhñwgÉg . GacarüenaH kalsMEdg nUvkmμdðan

dl´RBHeyaKIenaH

Kb|IsMEdgnUvviZIkarTaMgGs´

man


visuTÆimK< ERb

393

394

GsuPkmμdðannieTÞs

Gb|naviZICaTIbMput y¨agenH KÅ; viZIénkareTAedIm|IRbeyaCn¾ dl´

esckþIGnþray énRBhμcriy; Kb|Iman dl´RBHeyaKIenaH eRBaH

GsuPnimitþç

GsuPenaHEmnBit .

karkMNt´nUvnimitþ edayCMuvijç

edayGakar; 11 y¨agç

karer[nyknUvnimitþ

karBicarNanUvpøÚveTA-mk .

cMENk

RBHeyaKIenaH er[nykviZITaMgGs´ :nRsYlbYlehIy kalcUl eTAkan´TIesnasn;manRbkardUceBalmkehIy kñúgkalmunehIy Kb|IEsVgrkóTÆúmatknimitþenAcuH .

k*ebIRBHeyaKI RtiHriHnwgxøÜnza ²ehtuenH min

EmnCaer]gZán´ dl´Pik¡úGñkR:kddUcCaGatμaGjeLIy³ dUecñHç RBH eyaKI GñkRtiHriH ‘nwgxøÜn’ y¨agenH KYreTAcuH . k*RBHeyaKIenaH kalnwgeTAKb|IR:b´dl´RBHsg¹etær ß Pik¡ú GñkecHdwgc|as´déTehIyswmeTA .

eRBaHehtuGVI/ .

eRBaHza

k*RBHeyaKI kalenAy¨agenH TukCa»nUvBakü rbs´CnTaMg

ebIRBHeyaKIenaH RtUvGnidðarmμN¾ manrUb nig sMeLgCaedIm én

Lay EdlkMBugEtniyayKñaza ²saksBehIme:¨g KÅbuK<lTuk

sRtUvTaMgLay manGmnusSç sIh; nig xøa CaedIm kñúgéRB

ehIy kñúgmat´pøÚv énRsukeQμaHÉeNaHkþIç Rtg´mat´dgéRBeQμaH

sμsan RKbsg,t´ehIyç

ÉeNaHkþIç Rtg´pøÚveQμaHÉeNaHkþIç Ek|reCIgPñMeQμaHÉeNaHkþIç Ek|r

ePaCnEdlqan´ehIytaMgenAmin:npgç

Kl´eQI eQμaHÉeNaHkþIç kñúgéRBsμsan eQμaHÉeNaHkþI³ dUecñH

manpg .

ehIy k*minKYreTA kñúgxN;enaHPøameT dUcCabuK<l sÞúHeTAtam

nUv:Rt nig cIBr rbs´RBHeyaKIenaH oeTACarbs´EdlTukdak´

kEnøgEdlminEmnCakMBg´enaHeLIy .

y¨aglÁ kñúgvihar ehIybJ¢ÚnBYkPik¡úkemøaH ß BYksameNreTA

sYrza; eRBaHehtuGVI/ .

Gvyv;tUc-ZM TaMgLay j&rcMRbb´pgç GaBaZepSgeT[t

k*ekIt

kalebIdUecñaH Pik¡ú manRBHsg¹etærCaedImenaH nwgeZVI

eqøIyza; eRBaHza ZmμtaGsuPenaH CasaksBEdlRmwKBaLsáÜn

meRmIPik¡úenaH .

RKgehIypg GmnusSsáÜnRKgehIypg .

Tan´eZVIehIykþI sm<al´za ²eQμaHza éRBsμsan CaTIKμanreg,{s³

esckþIGnþray dl´

mYyeT[t

BYkecarEdlmankmμ eZVIehIykþI min

CIvit Kb|Imandl´RBHeyaKIenaH kñúgTIénGsuPenaHminxan . müa¨g

dUecñH rEmgmkRbCMuKña .

vijeT[t pøÚvEdleTA kñúgTIénGsuPenaH Etgman tampøÚvTVarcUl

ehIy k*ecalnUvbgVicRTBü kñúgTICiténPik¡ú ehIyrt´eTA k*man .

RsukxøHç tamkMBg´gUtTwkxøHç tamTIbMputénPøÅERsxøH .

rUbEdl

mnusSTaMgLay cab´Pik¡ú:nehIy k*nwgeb[teb[n ‘edayKit’ za

BMuenaHesat

²BYkeyIg:neXIjecarehIy RBmTaMgRTBüCaeRK]geZVIoCnvegVg

CaTMnas´ kñúgTITaMgLayenaH rEmgmkkan´rgVg´ckú¡ . srIr;enaHÉg CaTMnas´ . dl´burs .

EmnBit srIr; rbs´®sþI CavisPaK

cMENksrIr;rbs´burs k*CavisPaK dl´®sþIEdr .

srIr;enaHn@uHEdlsøab´ehIyPøam> rEmgR:kdza Carbs´lÁBit .

‘Psþútag’³ dUecñH.

ecarTaMgenaH RtUvBYkmnusS edjtam

RKaenaH Pik¡úmanRBHsg¹etærCaedImenaH rbs´

Pik¡úenaH nwgR:b´mnusSTaMgenaH o:ndwgza ²GñkTaMgLay cUrkuMu eb[teb[nnUvPikú¡enHeLIyç

Pikú¡rUbenH R:b´dl´GatμaehIy eTIbeTA


visuTÆimK< ERb edaykmμeQμaHenH³

dUecñHehIy

395

nwgeZVInUvesckþIsYsþI

‘dl´Pik¡ú

enaH’ . enHKÅCaGanisgS kñúgkarR:b´ehIy:neTA . ‘viZIeTABicarNaGsuP’

manesckþIeBjcitþekIteLIg

GsuPkmμdðannieTÞs

edayTisxøH edayOkasxøH edaybriecäTxøH edayTI-t eday cenøaH edayTITMnab edayTITYl edayCMuvijç

RBHeyaKIenaH eZVI

nUvnimitþenaH oCanimitþKÅxøÜnkan´yklÁehIy caMnUvnimitþenaH oCa

eRBaHehtuenaH RBHeyaKI :nR:b´dl´Pik¡ú manRbkardUc:n eBalmkehIy

396

kñúgkareXIjnUv

nimitþ KÅxøÜncaM:nlÁehIy kMNt´yknUvnimitþenaH oCanimitþ KÅxøÜn kMNt´:nlÁehIyç

RBHeyaKIenaH luHeZVInUvnimitþenaH oCanimitþ

GsuPnimitþ Kb|IjúaMgbIti nig esamnsS oekIteLIgehIy eTA

KÅxøÜnkan´yk:nlÁehIy luHcaMnUvnimitþenaH oCanimitþKÅxøÜncaM:n

tamviZIEdlelakeBalehIykñúgGdðkzaTaMgLay eQμaHzaeRb[b

lÁehIy luHkMNt´nUvnimitþenaH oCanimitþKÅxøÜnkMNt´:nlÁehIy

dUcCakSRt manbIti nig esamnsSekItehIy esþcyageTAkan´

eTAEtmñak´Ég minmansMLaj´ç manstitaMgenAmaM minvegVgvgVan´

TIGPieskç

man«®nÞIy¾TaMgLay eTACab´nwgxøÜn mancitþmineTAxageRkA kal

ekItehIy

dUcCabuK<lEdlbUCayJ¦ manbIti nig esamnsS EtgeTAkan´TIbUCayJ¦ç

BMuenaHesat

dUcCabuK<lGñk

BicarNapøÚveTA-mkç

RBHeyaKIenaH sUm|Ikalc®g,m EtgGZidðan

«tRTBü manbIti nig esamnsS ekItehIy EtgeTAkan´TIkMNb´

TIc®g,mn¾

RTBü y¨agenaHÉg.

sUm|IGg<úy k*EtgRkalGasn; oRbRBwtþeTA kñúgcMENkénGsuP

EmnBit BaküenH elakeBalehIyza ²RBH

eyaKIkaler[nykGsuPnimitþ EdlCaGsuPehIme:¨g eTAEtmñak´ Ég

minmanbuK<lCaKRmb´BIr

manstitaMgenAmaM

minvegVgvgVan´

man«®nÞIy¾TaMgLay eTACab´nwgxøÜn mancitþmineTAxageRkA kal BicarNanUvpøÚvEdleTA nig pøÚvEdlmkç GsuPnimitþ EdlCaGsuP ehIme:¨g CanimitþEdleKTukehIy kñúgRbeTsNaç RBHeyaKI eZVI dMuzμkþIç dMbUkkþIç edImeQIkþIç Kum¬eQIkþIç vløikþI kñúgRbeTsenaH o RbRBwtþeTACamYynwgnimitþ eZVIoRbRBwtþeTACamYynwgGarmμN¾ç luH eZV Io RbRBwt þe TACamY ynwg ni mi tþ

lu HeZV Io RbRBw tþ eTACamYy nw g

GarmμN¾rYcehIy eTIbcUleTAkMNt´ nUvóTÆúmatkGsuPnimitþ eday sPav;Zmμta edayBN(sm|úrxøH edayePTxøH edayRTg´RTayxøH

oRbRBwtþeTA

kñúgcMENkénGsuPnimitþenaH

Etb¨ueNÑaH

nimitþenaHEtmüa¨g . sYrza

²kiriyacUleTAkMNt´

nUvnimitþ

edayCMuvij

etIman

RbeyaCn¾ dUcemþc/ç manGanisgS dUcemþc/³ . eqøIyza ²karcUleTAkMNt´nUvnimitþ edayCMuvij mankarmin ePøcPøaMg CaRbeyaCn¾ç mankarminePøcPøaMg CaGanisgS³ . sYrza

²karkan´yknUvnimitþ

edayviZI

11

y¨ag

etIman

RbeyaCn¾ dUcemþc/ç manGanisgS dUcemþc/³ . eqøIyza ²karkan´yknimitþ edayviZI11 y¨ag mankarcg eRk[kcitþTukCaRbeyaCn¾ç mankarcgeRk[kcitþTuk CaGanisgS³ . sYrza ²karBicarNanUvpøÚveTA-mk etImanRbeyaCn¾dUcemþc/ç


visuTÆimK< ERb manGanisgS dUcemþ/³ .

397

eqøIyza ²karBicarNa nUvpøÚveTA-mk

mankarjúaMgkmμdðan oedIreTAkan´vizI CaRbeyaCn¾ç

mankarjúaMg

kmμdðan oedIreTAkan´vizI CaGanisgS³ . RBHeyaKIenaH

398

GsuPkmμdðannieTÞs

én«®nÞIy¾TaMgLay Edlmancitþ CaKRmb´ 6 oeTACab´nwgxøÜn o seRmcpg ehIyswmeTA . RBHeyaKI kMBugecjBIvtþenAeLIy Kb|IkMNt´TVar za ²Gatμa

CaGñkeXIjnUvGanisgSCaRbRktI

CaGñkman

GjCaGñkecjmkehIy tamTVarÉeNaH kñúgTisÉeNaH³ dUecñH .

esckþIsm<al´‘nUvGsuP’ za dUcCartn;júaMgesckþIekatERkg o

tBIenaH RBHeyaKIenaH mktampøÚvNa Kb|IkMNt´pøÚvenaH za ²pøÚv

taMgeLIgR:kdehIy RbRBwtþRsLaj´ rEmgcgeRk[k nUvcitþTuk

enH eTAeq¬aHeTArkTisxagekIt ß eTAeq¬aHeTArkTisxaglicç Tis

kñúgGarmμN¾enaH za ²GatμaGj nwgrYccakCra nig mrN; eday

xageCIg nig Tisxagt|Úg

bdibTaenH BitR:kd³ dUecñHç RBHeyaKIenaH sáat´ehIyEmnBit

mYyeT[t

cakkamTaMgLay

Qan

pøÚveTAxageqVgç kñúgTIenH pøÚveTAxagsþaM nig kñúgTIénGsuPenaH kñúg

TImYyCarU:vcr; CaQanKÅRBHeyaKIenaH :nluHehIyç kiriyaenA

TIenH manzμç kñúgTIenH mandMbUkç kñúgTIenH manedImeQIç kñúgTIenH

CaTiBVpg buJ¦kiriyavtæú EdlseRmcmkGMBIPavnapg k*RBHeyaKI

manvlíø³ dUecñH Kb|IeTAkan´TIEdlnimitþtaMgenA . mYyvijeT[t

enaH :nluHehIy dUecñHÉg .

RBHeyaKI minRtUveTAkan´TIRcasxül´Cadac´xat .

.l.

cUldl´QanTImYyehIyenAç

‘TMen[mkñúgkaremIlGsuP’ eRBaHehtuenaH

ßk* eTAeq¬aHeTArkTisepSg>³ dUecñH .

RBHeyaKI kalkMNt´pøÚvCaTIeTA y¨agenH za ²kñúgTIenH

eRBaHza kal

RBHeyaKIeTAkan´TIRcasxül´ç køinénsaksB Kb|Ib¨HRcmuHehIy

RBHeyaKINa eTAkan´TIkEnøgBicarNasak

eZVIoxYrkñúgk|alkeRmIk ß Kb|IjúaMgGahar okÁÜtecjmk ßk*

sB ‘TIsμsan’ edIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´karjúaMgcitþoyl´RBmç RBH

eZVIoekItesckþIsþayeRkay za ²GatμaGj CaGñkmkehIykan´TI

eyaKIenaH cUreKaHrKaMg júaMgBYkoRbCMuKñaehIyswmeTAcuH .

énsaksB eQμaHza mansPaBEbbenH³ dUecñHç

b¨uEnþ

eRBaHehtuenaH

RBHeyaKI kaleTA edayZm(CaRbZanKÅkmμdðan Kb|ICabuK<lmñak´

RBHeyaKI Kb|Iev[rnUvTIRcasxül´ehIy eTAkan´TIbeNþayxül´ .

Ég

eZVITukkñúgcitþnUv

zaebIRBHeyaKI minGaceTAtamTIbeNþayxül´:neTç PñMkþIç eRCaHkþIç

mUlkmμdðanenaHer]y> ehIykan´yknUveQIRct´ ßk* lMBg´eQI

zμkþIç rbgkþIç TImanbnøakþIç TwkkþIç TImanrGilkþI mankñúgcenøaH .

edIm|ITb´Tl´nwgesckþIGnþray EdlekItGMBIstVsahav mansVan

RBHeyaKI Kb|IykCaycIvr biTRcmuH ehIyswmeTAcuH .

CaedIm kñúgTIsμsan eZVIstikMuoePøcPøaMg edayjúaMgPaBCaGñknwg

Kmnvtþ ‘vtþkñúgkareTA’ rbs´RBHeyaKIenaH .

minmansMLaj´

minlHbg´nUvmUlkmμdðan

ZwglÁ odl´RBmpg CaGñkmancitþmineTAxageRkA edayjúaMgPav;

‘vtþ kñúgeBleTAdl´GsuP’

enH Ca


visuTÆimK< ERb k*RBHeyaKI

399

GñkeTAdl´y¨agenHehIy

GsuPnimitþ CamuneT .

minKYrRkeLkemIl

RtUvkMNt´TisTaMgLaysin .

400

GsuPkmμdðannieTÞs

dl´buK<lGñksMLwgemIl ‘GsuP’ . ‘viZIkMNt´nimitþkñúgGsuP’

eRBaHza

GarmμN¾ minc|as´

RBHeyaKI GñkfitenA y¨agenHehIy Kb|IcUleTAkMNt´nimitþ

rEmgR:kd nig citþ CaZmμCatminKYrdl´kargarç eRBaHehtuenaH

TaMgLay edayCMuvij EdlelakeBalehIy y¨agenH za ²RBH

RBHeyaKIKb|Iev[rnUvcMENkénTisenaHç kalRBHeyaKI QrenAkñúg

eyaKI eZVInUvdMuzμkþI

TINa GarmμN¾ rEmgR:kdCak´c|as´ nig citþ CaZmμCatKYrdl´

nimitþ³ . enHKÅCaviZIénkarkMNt´ kñúgGsuPenaH .

kalRBHeyaKIQrenA kñúgcMENkénTismYyç

vløikþI kñúgTIenaH oRbRBwtþeTACamYynwg

zaebI edayCMuvij énnimitþenaH manzμenA kñúgvgVg´énck¡úç RBH

kargar ehIyQrenA kñúgTIenaHcuH . mYyeT[t RBHeyaKIKb|IlHbg´TIRcasxül´ nig TIbeNþay xül´ .

.l.

eRBaHza kalRBHeyaKI fitenA kñúgTIRcasxül´ RtUvkøin

énsaksBeb[teb[nehIyç citþ rEmgRcas´Rcal .

zaebI kal

RBHeyaKI fitenA kñúgTIbeNþayxül´ç EtgmanGmnusSGaRs&y

eyaKI Kb|IkMNt´zμenaH za ²dMuzμenH x¬s´ ß Tab TUc ß ZM exμA ß s Evg ßk* mUl³ dUecñH . ²kñúgOkas eQμaHenH

bnÞab´mk RBHeyaKI Kb|IkMNt´za

enH CadMuzμç

enH CaGsuPnimitþç

enH Ca

GsuPnimitþç enH CadMuzμ³ dUecñH .

enAkñúgTIenaHç GmnusSTaMgenaH xwgehIy EtgeZVInUvesckþIGnþrayç

zaebI mandMbUkç sUm|IdMbUkenaH k*RBHeyaKI Kb|IkMNt´ za

eRBaHehtuenaH RBHeyaKI RtUvcuHsnSwm> ehIyminKYrfitenA kñúgTI

²dMbUkenH x¬s´ ß Tab TUc ß ZM manBN(Rkhm ß exμA ßk*

beNþayxül´eBkeT .

manBN(-s xøI ß Evg ßk* mUl³ dUecñH .

sUm|IRBHeyaKI fitenA y¨agenH k*minRtUvfitenA kñúgTIqáay eBk

kñúgTICiteBk

minRtUvfitenAGs´TIbeNþayeCIg

enA Gs´TIbeNþayk|al .

minRtUvfit

eRBaHza kalRBHeyaKI fitenA kñúg

bnÞab´mk

Kb|IkMNt´ za ²kñúgOkaseQμaHenH enH CadMbUkç

RBHeyaKI

enH CaGsuP-

nimitþ ‘enH CaGsuPnimitþç enH CadMbUk’³ dUecñH . zaebI

manedImeQIç

sUm|IedImeQIenaH

k*RBHeyaKI

Kb|I

TIqáayeBkç GarmμN¾ CaGarmμN¾minc|as´ç kalRBHeyaKI fitenA

kMNt´za ²edImeQIenH KÅedImeBaZi¾:y ß edIméRCç edIméRCel[b

kñúgTICiteBk P&ynwgekIteLIgç

ß edImxVitç x¬s´ ß Tab TUc ß ZM exμA ßk* s³ .

beNþayeCIg

kalRBHeyaKI fitenA Gs´TI

ß Gs´TIbeNþayk|alç

GsuPTaMgGs´ nwgmin

R:kdesμIKñaeLIy eRBaHehtuenaH RBHeyaKI RtUvfitenARtg´Bak´ kNþalénsrIr; minoqáayeBk minoCiteBk EdlCaTIsb|ay

bnÞab´mk

RBHeyaKI Kb|IkMNt´za ²kñúgOkaseQμaHenH enH CaedImeQIç enH CaGsuPnimitþç ‘enH CaGsuPnimitþç enH CaedImeQI’³ dUecñH . zaebI manKum¬eQIç sUm|IKum¬eQIenaH k*RBHeyaKI Kb|IkMNt´


visuTÆimK< ERb

401

402

GsuPkmμdðannieTÞs

za ²Kum¬eQIenHCaKum¬pÁav ß CaKum¬sg¹&r Kum¬esμAGNþas ß Kum¬

kMNt´ edayPaBCasPav;rbs´va³ dUecñH .

esμAknÞúydMrIç CaKum¬x¬s´ ß Tabç tUc ßk* ZM³ dUecñH .

Kb|IkMNt´ tamsPav;rbs´va KÅ tamkic©rbs´xøÜnva y¨agenH za

bnÞab´mk

RBHeyaKIKb|IkMNt´za ²kñúgOkaseQμaHenH enH CaKum¬eQIç enH

²GsuPehIme:¨g KYroex¬Im³ dUecñH . ‘kan´yknimitþedayRbkar 6’

CaGsuPnimitþç ‘enH CaGsuPnimitþç enH CaKum¬eQI’³ dUecñH . zaebI manvløiç sUm|IvløienaH k*RBHeyaKI Kb|IkMNt´za ²vløi

esckþIza RBHeyaKI

RBHeyaKI luHkMNt´ y¨agenHehIy Kb|Ikan´yknimitþ eday

vløi:s ß vløieRbg ßk*

Rbkar 6 y¨ag KÅ; edayBN(sm|úrxøHç edayePTxøHç eday

bnÞab´mk RBHeyaKI Kb|IkMNt´za ²kñúgOkas

RTg´RTayxøHç edayTisxøHç edayOkasxøHç edaykarkMNt´xøH .

eQμaHenH enHCavløiç enHCaGsuPnimitþç enHCaGsuPnimitþç enHCa

sYrza ²kan´ykedayRbkardUcemþc/³ . eqøIyza ²k*RBHeyaKIenaH

vløi³ dUecñH .

Kb|IkMNt´ edayBN(sm|úrza; srIr;enH CasrIr; rbs´mnusS

enH CavløieXøak ß CavløiRtLayç vløiepam³ dUecñH .

cMENkBaküNa EdlelakeBalehIyza ²RBHeyaKI eZVIo RbRBwtþeTACamYynwgnimitþ eZVIoRbRBwtþeTACamYynwgGarmμN¾³dUecñHç BaküenaH k*yagcuHmkBÆd*xagkñúg kñúgBaküza kMNt´nimitþ eday CMuvijenHÉg .

eRBaHza RBHeyaKI kalkMNt´er]y> eQμaHza

mansm|úrexμA

ß

rbs´mnusSmansm|úr-s

ßk*

rbs´mnusS

mansm|úrsENþk:y³ dUecñH . cMENkedayePT RBHeyaKI minRtUvkMNt´za ²CaePT®sþI ß ePTburs³ dUecñHeT Kb|IkMNt´za ²enH CasrIr; rbs´buK<lEdl fitenA kñúgbfmv&y ß kñúgmCÄimv&y ßk* kñúgbcäimv&y³ dUecñH .

eZVIoRbRBwtþeTACamYynwgnimitþ . RBHeyaKI kalkMNt´bMRBYj> nUvkarkMNt´TaMg 2 y¨agenH

RBHeyaKI Kb|IkMNt´ edayRTg´RTay edayGMNacénRTg´

za ²enH CadMuzμç enH CaGsuPnimitþç enH CaGsuPnimitþç enH Ca

RTayEdlehIme:¨gb¨ueNÑaHza ²enH CaRTg´RTayénk|alç enH Ca

dMuzμ³ dUecñH eQμaHza eZVIoRbRBwtþeTACamYyGarmμN¾ . luHRBH

RTg´RTayén-kç enH CaRTg´RTayénédç enH CaRTg´RTayéneBaHç

eyaKIeZVI ‘GsuP’ oRbRBwtþeTACamYynimitþ nig oRbRBwtþeTACa

enH CaRTg´RTayénp©itç enH CaRTg´RTayénceg,Hç enHCaRTg´RTay

mYyGarmμN¾ y¨agenHehIy Kb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþ edaysPav;enaH

énePøAç enH CaRTg´RTayénsμgç enH CaRTg´RTayéneCIg rbs´

EdlPav;énGsuPenaH CasPav;rbs´va CasPav;minTUeTA dl´

saksBenaH³ dUecñH .

GsuP ÉeT[t CasPav;rbs´xøÜnva KÅPav;énGsuPenaH Carbs´ ehIme:¨g eRBaHPav;énBaküEdlelakeBalehIyza

²RBHeyaKI

cMENkedayTis RBHeyaKIRtUvkMNt´ za ²kñúgsrIr;enH man Tis 2 KÅ; eRkamp©itcuHmk CaTisxageRkamç elIp©iteLIgeTA Ca


visuTÆimK< ERb TisxagelI³ dUecñH .

403

mYyeT[t RBHeyaKI Kb|IkMNt´za ²Gatμa

404

GsuPkmμdðannieTÞs

enH EtkñúgsrIr; mancMENkesμIKñab¨ueNÑaH . ‘kan´yknimitþedayRbkar 5’

Gj fitenA kñúgTisenHç GsuPnimitþ fitenA kñúgTisenH³ . cMENkedayOkas RBHeyaKI RtUvkMNt´za ²édTaMgLay

ÉkulbuRtNa mankmμdðanesBehIy kñúgsMNak´énRBHBuTÆ

fitenA kñúgOkaseQμaHenHç eCIgTaMgLay fitenA kñúgOkasenHç

mankñúgkalmunTaMgLay manZutg<rkSaehIy manmhaPUtrUb jaM

k|alfitenA kñúgOkasenHç

jIehIy

enH³ .

Bak´kNþalkay

fitenA kñúgOkas

mYyeT[t RBHeyaKI Kb|IkMNt´za ²GatμaGj fitenA

RBHeyaKI

Kb|IkMNt´za

²srIr;enH

xag

mannamrUbkMNt´ehIy

man

esckþIsm<al´kñúgstVdkeLIgehIy mansmNZm(eZVIehIy man vasnaZøab´Gb´rMehIy

kñúgOkasenHç GsuPnimitþ fitenA kñúgOkasenH³ dUecñH . edaykarkMNt´

mansg¡arkMNt´ehIy

manPavnacMerInehIy

manBUC

manjaN

d*elIs mankielsticç bdiPaKnimitþ rEmgR:kd dl´kulbuRt

eRkam KÅGjkMNt´ehIy edayépÞéneCIgç xagelI kMNt´ehIy

enaH

edaycugénsk´ç xagTTwg kMNt´ehIy edayRkck nig kñúgTI

Égç zaebI bdiPaKnimitþ minR:kdy¨agenHeTç kalebIdUecñaH kal

tamEdl:nkMNt´ehIy srIr;enH eBjeRb[behIy edaysak

kulbuRtenaH kan´yknimitþ edayRbkar 6 y¨ag dUc:neBalmk

sB 32 EmnBit³ dUecñH .

ehIyenHç bdiPaKnimitþ rEmgR:kd .

²enH

CakarkMNt´énédç

mYyeT[t enH

RBHeyaKI Kb|IkMNt´ za

CakarkMNt´éneCIgç

enH

Cakar

kñúgTIEdlxøÜnRkeLkemIlehIy

Rbkar

6

y¨ag

nig

dUceBalmkehIyenH

RkeLkemIlehIyn@uH

Etza kalebIeZVIeday k*enAEtminR:kd

dl´

kMNt´énk|alç enH CakarkMNt´ énBak´kNþalkay énGsuP

kulbuRtNaç kulbuRtenaH Kb|Ikan´yknimitþ edayRbkar5 y¨ag

enH³ dUecñH .

zμImþgeT[t KÅ; edayTI-tç edaycenøaHç edayTITMnabç edayTI

müa¨geT[t RBHeyaKI kan´ykGs´TI manRbmaN

RtwmNaç k*Kb|IkMNt´ykTI manRbmaNRtwmeNaHÉgza ²enH Ca GsuPehIme:¨gEbbenHÉg³ .

b¨uEnþsrIr;én®sþI minKYrdl´burs

ß srIr;énburs minKYrdl´®sþI .

GarmμN¾ kñúgsrIr; EdlCa

TYlç edayTICMuvij . bNþaviZanTaMg 5 y¨agenaH dl´ edayTI-t 180 .

Rtg´bT za ²edayTI-t³

:n

‘sYrza’ etIRBHeyaKI nwgkMNt´nUvTI-t

visPaK minR:kdç rEmgCabc©&y énkiriyaXøIgeXøag éncitþEzm

180 kñúgóTÆúmatkGsuP y¨agdUcemþc/ .

eT[t .

eRBaHza kñúgGdðkza mCÄimnikay elakeBal za ²®sIþ

RBHeyaKIenaH Kb|IkMNt´ edayTI-t edayGMNacénTI-t ZM 14

TukCaehIme:¨gehIy k*rEmgRKbsg,t´citþénbursehIyfitenA³ .

y¨ag dUecñH KÅ TI-t énédsþaM 3ç TI-t énédeqVg 3ç TI-t éneCIg

eRBaHehtuenaH

RBHeyaKI Kb|Ikan´yknimitþ edayRbkar 6 y¨ag

sþaM 3ç

TI-t éneCIgeqVg 3ç TI-t én-k 1ç

‘eqøIyza’

ehtuenaH

TI-t énceg,H 1 .


visuTÆimK< ERb

405

bTza ²edaycenøaH³ KÅ cenøaHédç cenøaHeCIgç cenøaHeBaHç cenøaHRtec[k

eQμaHza

cenøaH

eRBaHehtuenaH

RBHeyaKI

Kb|I

406

GsuPkmμdðannieTÞs ‘120’

«LÚvenH

enH

Cavinicä&ykza

kñúgGdðkza:f;TaMg

Lay za ²RBHeyKIenaH eZVInimitþenaH oCanimitþ KÅxøÜnkan´yklÁ

kMNt´ edaycenøaH y¨agdUecñHcuH .

RBHeyaKI Kb|IkMNt´PaB

ehIy³ dUecñHCaedIm .

énEPñkTaMgLay

EdlxøÜneZμcehIykþIç

PaBénEPñkTaMgLayEdl

kñúgsrIr;enaH edayGMNacénkarkan´yknimitþ tamEdl:neBal

xøÜnebIkehIykþIç

PaBénmat´EdlxøÜnbiTehIykþIç

PaBénmat´Edl

xøÜnebIkehIykþI . bTza ²edayTITMnab³ :ndl´ Gvyv;ÉNa CakEnøgTab

RBHeyaKIenaH

Kb|Ikan´nimitþ edayRbéB

mkehIy . RBHeyaKI Kb|IeZVIstiofitenA edaylÁehIy swm nwk . RBHeyaKIkaleZVICaer]y>y¨agdUecñH Kb|IcgcaM nig Kb|I kMNt´GsuP o:nRsYlbYlpgEmnBit .

RBHeyaKI QrkþI

kñúgsrIr; KÅCaGNþÚgénEPñkkþI xagkñúgénmat´kþI Knøak´én-kkþIç RBH

Gg<úykþI

eyaKI Kb|IkMNt´Gvyv;enaH .

mYyeT[t RBHeyaKI Kb|IkMNt´

RkeLkemIlehIykan´yknimitþ . RBHeyaKI Kb|IebIkEPñkehIy

za ²GatμaGj fitenA kñúgTITMnabç srIr; fitenAelITITYl³ dUecñH .

RkeLkemIl Gs´var; 100dg Gs´var; 1000dg ‘edaybrikmμ’

bTza ²edayTITYl³ :ndl´ Gvyv;ÉNa CakEnøgx¬s´

kñúgTIminqáayeBk

minCiteBk

bdikUl³ dUecñH .

kMNt´Gvyv;enaH .

kalRBHeyaKI eZVIer]y> y¨agenHç

Gj fitenAelITITYlç srIr; fitenAkñúgTITMnab³ dUecñH . bTza ²edayCMuvij³ KÅ RBHeyaKI Kb|IkMNt´srIr;TaMgGs´

RBHeyaKI Kb|IeZμcEPñkehIy rMBwgemIl .

sYrza ²óK<hnimitþ Canimitþ KÅRBHeyaKIkan´yklÁehIy kñúg kalNa/³ dUecñH .

TaMgmUlç TINa CaTIc|as´las´ rEmgR:kdeLIgç Kb|Itm,l´citþ

eZμcEPñk nwkrMBwgemIlkþI kñúgkalNaç

kMNt´ edayGakar; y¨agenHehIyç

ebIRBHeyaKI

óTÆúmatkGsuP k*enAEtmin

R:kdeLIgç ‘srIr;xagelI’ CaTIbMputéneBaH rEmgehIme:¨geLIg

óK<hnimitþ CanimitþKÅxøÜnkan´

yklÁehIy .

edayCMuvij . KÅRBHeyaKI Kb|IjúaMgjaNoRtac´eTA kñúgsrIr;

‘brikmμ’za ²óTÆúmatkM óTÆúmatkM³ dUecñH kñúgTIenaH .

Kb|IebIkEPñk

za ²GsuP ehIme:¨g Carbs´bdikUl GsuP ehIme:¨g Carbs´

kñúgsrIr; KWk|alCg<g´kþI RTUgkþI llad¾k|alkþIç RBHeyaKI Kb|I mYyeT[t RBHeyaKI Kb|IkMNt´za ²Gatμa

GMBIsrIr;

mYy mkkan´vgVg´ck¡úç

eqøIyza ²kalRBHeyaKI ebIkEPñkemIlkþIç nimitþ CanimitþR:kdesμIEt

kñúgkalenaH óK<hnimitþ eQμaHza Canimitþ

KÅRBHeyaKIkan´yklÁehIy . RBHeyaKIenaH

luHeZVInimitþenaH

oCanimitþ

KÅxøÜnkan´yklÁ

éRkeBkç Kb|Itm,l´citþ brikmμ kñúgsrIr;enaHza ²GsuP ehIme:¨g

ehIy luHBicarNa oCanimitþ KÅxøÜnBicarNalÁehIy luHkMNt´

GsuP ehIme:¨g³ .

oCanimitþ KÅxøÜnkMNt´lÁehIyy¨agenH RbsinebIminGacedIm|Idl´


visuTÆimK< ERb

407

nUvTIbMputénPavna kñúgTIenaH:neTç kalebIy¨agdUecñaH RBHeyaKI

408

GsuPkmμdðannieTÞs

eTAkan´TisenaHEtb¨ueNÑaH .

enH CabuK<lmñak´Ég minmansMLaj´ eZVITukkñúgcitþ nUvkmμdðanenaH

‘121’ «LÚvenH enH CaesckþIGZib|ay kñúgkaredaHRsay

Ég eZVIstiotaMgenA edayRbéB man«®nÞIy¾TaMgLayeTACab´nwg

manCaGaTi¾za ²mankarminvegVgCaRbeyaCn¾³ énbJØaTaMgLay za

xøÜn

²karcUleTAkMNt´nimitþ edayCMuvij manRbeyaCn¾ y¨agdUcemþc/³

manesckþIKitmineTAxageRkAxøÜn

tamn&yEdl:neBalmk

ehIy kñúgevlaCaTImkenaHÉg ehIyeTAkan´TIesnasn; rbs´xøÜn vij .

mYyvijeT[t RBHeyaKIkalecjBIéRBsμsann@uHÉg Kb|I

dUecñHCaedIm . k*kalRBHeyaKINa

eTAkan´kEnøgénnimitþ

EdlehIme:¨g

kMNt´pøÚvCaTImk za ²GatμaGj CaGñkecjmktampøÚvNaç pøÚvenH

eLIg kñúgkalxus eZVIkarkMNt´nimitþ sUm|IedayCMuvijehIy ebIk

CapøÚvRtg´eTArkTisxagekIt ß CapøÚvRtg´eTArkTisxaglic Tis

EPñkemIln@uHÉg

xageCIg nig Tisxagt|Úg ß CapøÚvRtg´eTArkTistUc ‘TiseQ[g’

hak´dUcCaeRkakQreLIg hak´dUcCacab´s®g<úbyk nig hak´dUc

ßk* kñúgTIenH eTAtamTisxageqVgç kñúgTIenH eTAtamTisxagsþaMç

Caedjtampg .

kñúgTIenH mandMuzμç kñúgTIenH mandMbUkç kñúgTIenH manedImeQIç kñúg

KYrex¬Im

TIenH manKum¬eQIç kñúgTIenH manvløi³ dUecñH .

hak´dUcCaq,Üt Etgdl´nUvesckþIP&yxøac nUvPaBénkareRs[vsac´

RBHeyaKI kMNt´

edIm|Ikan´yknUvnimitþç

srIr;enaH

rEmgR:kd

RBHeyaKIenaH eXIjsaksBenaH EdlbuK<l

CaGarmμN¾KYroEs\gehIy

CaGñkmancitþGENþtGNþÚg

nUvpøÚvCaTImk y¨agenHehIy mk sUm|Ic®g,m k*Kb|IGZidðanTIc®g,m

karRBWeram .

EdlCacMENkénGsuPnimitþn@uHEtb¨ueNÑaH . esckþIza ²RBHeyaKI

EckehIy kñúg:lI rUbdéTEmnBit eQμaHza CaGarmμN¾KYroEs\g

Kb|Ic®g,m kñúgRbeTsénEpndI Edlmanmuxeq¬aHeTArkTisénGsuP

minmaneT .

nimitþ³ .

vilvk´ eRBaHQank*man .

RBHeyaKI sUm|IGg<úy k*RtUvRkalGasn; oRbRBwtþeTA

kñúgcMENkénGsuPnimitþenaHpgEdr .

EtzaRbsinebI kñúgTisenaH

EmnBit bNþaGarmμN¾ 38 EdlRBHsg<Itikacarü

eRBaHza kñúgkmμdðanenH RBHeyaKI eQμaHza CaGñk eRBaHehtuGVI/ .

CaZmμCatKYres|IméRkeBk .

eRBaHPav;énkmμdðan

eRBaHehtuenaH RBHeyaKIenaH Kb|I

manbwgZMkþIç eRCaHkþIç edImeQIkþIç rbgkþIç Pk´kþIç RBHeyaKIminGac

RbwgRTaM eZVIstiotaMgenA:nlÁehIy benÞabg´nUvesckþItk´søútza

edIm|Ic®g,m

Edlmanmuxeq¬aHeTArkTisenaHç

²srIr;Edlsøab´eTAehIy eQμaHzaeRkakeLIg edjtamminmaneTç

sUm|IGasn; k*RBHeyaKI minGacRkal:n eRBaHminmanOkasç

k*RbsinebI zμenaH ß vløienaH EdlfitenA Ek|rénsrIr;søab´enaH

RBHeyaKI min:c´RkeLkemIlTisenaHeT RtUvc®g,m nig Gg<úy

Kb|Imkç sUm|IsrIr; k*Kb|ImkEdrç

kñúgTIEdlsmKYr dl´Okask*:nç Etza Kb|IeZVIcitþomanmuxeq¬aH

min:neT y¨agNamijç

kñúgRbeTsénEpndI

b¨uEnþ zμenaHkþI vløienaHkþI mk

ÉsrIr; k*mkmin:n y¨agenaHEdrç

k*


visuTÆimK< ERb

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410

GsuPkmμdðannieTÞs

Gakar;EdlR:kd dl´GñkenH CaGakar;ekItGMBIsJ¦a mansJ¦a

pøÚv za ²bBiRtelakm©as´d*cMerIn ézáenHCatizITIb¨unμan/³ dUecñHkþI sYr

CaEdnekItç kmμdðan R:kddl´Gñk kñúgézáenHehIyç mñalPik¡ú Gñk

nUvRbsñakþI eZVInUvbdisNðar;kþI .

kuMxøaceLIy³

ehIyedIreTA edayKitza ²GatμaGj CaGñker[nnUvkmμdðan³ dUecñH

dUecñH

júaMgesckþIrIkray

júaMgcitþoRtac´eTA kñúgnimitþenaH . viess y¨agenH .

oekIteLIgehIy Kb|I

RBHeyaKI rEmg:nnUvKuN

Baküza ²karcUleTAkMNt´ nUvnimitþ edayCMu

minKYreT .

karEdlRBHeyaKI CaGñkesá{m

RBHeyaKI Kb|IR:b´ézá .

Kb|IedaHRsayRbsña .

ebIRBHeyaKI mindwgç RtUvR:b´za ²Gtμa mindwgeT³ .

RBHeyaKI

vij mankarminvegVgCaRbeyaCn¾³ enH KÅelakeBalehIy sMedA

Kb|IeZVIbdisNðar; EdlRbkbedayZm( . kalRBHeyaKIenaH eZVI

ykkar:nnUvKuNviessenHÉg .

y¨agenHç nimitþenAx©I EdlxøÜner[nehIy nwg:t´bg´eTAvij . sUm|I

k*RBHeyaKI kaljúaMgkarkan´yknimitþ edayRbkar11 y¨ag oseRmc eTIbeQμaHza cgeRk[kTuknUvkmμdðan:n . eRBaHza óK<hnimitþ

rEmgekIteLIg

dl´RBHeyaKIenaH

eRBaHkarebIkEPñk

nimitþenAx©IenaH kMBug:t´bg´eTAç

RBHeyaKI RtUvBYkCnsYrézáehIy

k*RtUvEtR:b´kMuxan . kalminecHRbsña k*RtUvR:b´za ²Gatμa min ecHeT³ . RBHeyaKIecH sUm|IR:b´ edayÉkeTsk*KYr . Kb|IeZVI

emIlCabc©&y . kalRBHeyaKI júaMgcitþoRtac´eTA kñúgóK<hnimitþ

bdisNðar;EzmeT[t .

enaHç bdiPaKnimitþ eTIbekIteLIg .

ehIy Kb|IeZVIbdisNðar; dl´GaKnþúk;kMuxan .

RbRBwtþeTA

kñúgóK<hnimitþenaH

RBHeyaKI kaljúaMgcitþ o

eTIb:nnUvGb|na .

mYyeT[t RBHeyaKI eXIjPik¡úGaKnþúk; xnÆkvtþTaMgLay

RBHeyaKI

TaMgBYgsUm|Id*essmanectiyg<NvtþçeBaZiyg<Nvtþç óe:sza

fitenA kñúgGb|na cMerInvibsSnaehIy eTIbeZVIoCak´c|as´nUvRBH

Karvtþç ePaCnsalavtþç CnþaXrvtþç Gacariyvtþç óbCÄayvtþç

Grhtþ:n .

GaKnþúkvtþ nig KmikvtþCaedIm k*RBHeyaKI RtUvbMeBjkMuxan .

ehtuenaH eTIbelakeBalza ²karkan´yknUvnimitþ

edayGakar; 11 y¨ag mankarcgeRk[kTukCaRbeyaCn¾³ dUecñH .

kalRBHeyaKIenaH

kMBugEtbMeBjvtþTaMgenaHÉgç

‘122’ k*kñúgbTza ²karBicarNa nUvpøÚvCaTIeTA nig CaTImk

k*nwg:t´bg´eTA .

sUm|IRBHeyaKIenaH CaGñkR:zñanwgeTA eday

nimitþenAx©IenaH

mankarjúaMgkmμdðan oedIreTAkan´vizICaRbeyaCn¾³ dUecñH enaH man

Kitza ²GatμaGj nwgeTAehIy er[nyknimitþmþgeT[t³ dUecñH k*min

esckþIza; karBicarNa nUvpøÚvCaTIeTApg nUvpøÚvCaTImkpg Edl

GacedIm|InwgeTAkan´TIsμsan:neLIy eRBaHRtUvGmnusS ß stV

elakeBalehIyç

sahavTaMgLay fitenAehIypg nimitþ k*:t´bg´eTApg .

karBicarNaenaH mankarjúaMgkmμdðan oedIr

Emn

eTA tamvizIénkmμdðanCaRbeyaCn¾ . esckþIBisþarza RbsinebICn

Bit óTÆúmatkGsuP fitenA Gs´mYyézá ß BIrézáb¨ueNÑaH k*dl´

BYkxøH sYrnUvézá cMeBaHPik¡úenH Gñker[nkmμdðanehIymk

nUvPaBénGsuP

kñúgcenøaH

mannIlkGsuPCaedIm .

bNþakmμdðanTaMgGs´


visuTÆimK< ERb

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412

GsuPkmμdðannieTÞs

eQμaHza kmμdðan Edl:nedaykRm esμInwgóTÆúmatkGsuPenaH

sm<al´ ‘kñúgGsuP’ za dUcCartn; júaMgesckþIeKarBotaMgeLIg

minmaneT .

R:kdehIy RbRBwtþRsLaj´ rEmgcgeRk[kTuknUvcitþkñúgGarmμN¾

eRBaHehtuenaH kalebInimitþ :t´bg´ehIyy¨agenHç

Pik¡úenaH Kb|IGg<úy kñúgTICaTIenA kñúgevlayb´ ß kñúgTICaTIenA kñúg

enaH³ dUecñH ‘teTA’ .

evlaézá ehIyBicarNapøÚvCaTIeTA nig CaTImk drabdl´TIEdlxøÜn

ehIme:¨g EdlbuK<lKYrex¬Im júaMgQan oekIteLIgehIy cMerIn

Gg<úyBt´EPñn y¨agenHza ²GatμaGj ecjGMBIvtþ tamTVareQμaH

vibsSna manQanCaTItaMg Kb|ICaGñkmanRbRktIeXIj GanisgS

enH edIreTAkan´pøÚv manmuxRtg´eTArkTisÉeNaH ehIykan´yknUv

y¨agenH za ²GatμaGj nwgrYccak Cra nig mrN; edaybdibTa

pøÚvxageqVg

enHedayBit³ .

kñúgTIeQμaHÉeNaH

kan´ykpøÚvxagsþaM

kñúgTIeQμaHÉ

RBHeyaKI júaMgcitþ oekIteLIg kñúgGsuP

dUcCaTuKtburs :nrtn; KÅEkvmNI d*mantémø

eNaHç kñúgTIénGsuPenaH dMuzμman kñúgTIÉeNaHç bNþadMbUkç edIm

eRcIn Kitza ²Oh@ñ RTBüKÅbuK<lrk:nedaykRm KÅGj:nehIy³

eQIç Kum¬eQI nig vløi vtæúNamYymankñúgTIÉeNaHç GatμaGjenaH

dUecñHehIy Kb|ICaGñkmanesckþIsm<al´ kñúgEkvmNIenaH za Ca

eTAtampøÚvenaH eTIb:neXIjnUvGsuP kñúgpøÚveQμaHÉeNaHç kñúg

rtn; júaMgesckþIeKarBoekItehIy RbRBwtþRsLaj´edayesckþI

TIenaH GatμaGj Qrmanmuxeq¬aHeTArkTiseQμaHÉeNaH ehIy

RsLaj´d*ZMTUlay rkSanUvEkvmNI d*mantémøeRcInenaH y¨agNa

kMNt´ nUvnimitþTaMgLay edayCMuvij y¨agenHpg> er[nyknUv

mijç

GsuPnimitþ y¨agenHehIy ecjGMBITIsμsan kñúgTisÉeNaH eZVI

eK:nedaykRm KÅGj:nehIy EdlR:kdesμI edayEkvmNI

kmμenHpg>

mantémøeRcInrbs´TuKtbursç eRBaHza RBHeyaKIGñkbMeBjkmμdðan

tampøÚveQμaHmansPaBEbbenH

Gg<úykñúgTIenH³ dUecñH . nimitþenaH CanimitþR:kd .

CaGñkmkehIy

kalRBHeyaKIenaH BicarNa y¨agenHç

RBHeyaKI k*y¨agdUecñaHEdr eRtkGr za ²kmμdðanenH Edl

kñúgZatu 4

rEmgkMNt´ nUvmhaPUtrUb 4 rbs´xøÜnç

GñkbMeBj

KÅnimitþenaH rEmgfitenA dUcCavtæúEdl

Gana:nkmμdðan rEmgkMNt´nUvxül´ kñúgRcmuHrbs´xøÜnç GñkbMeBj

eKtm,l´Tuk kñúgTIxagmuxç kmμdðan rEmgedIreTAkan´vizI tamGakar;

ksiNkmμdðan rEmgeZVIksiNehIy cMerInKYrtamesckþIsb|ayç

eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbelakeBalza

kmμdðanTaMgLayeRkAGMBIenH RBHeyaKI :nedaygay y¨agenHç

²karBicarNanUvpøÚvCaTIeTA nig CaTImk mankarjúaMgkmμdðan oedIr

EtóTÆúmatkGsuPkmμdðanenH fitenA Gs´ 1 ézá ß 2 ézáEtb¨ueNÑaH

eTAkan´vizI CaRbeyaCn¾³ .

bnÞab´GMBIenaHeTA rEmgdl´nUvPaBCaGsuP manGsuPBN(ex[v Ca

Edlman kñúgkalmunn@uHÉg .

«LÚvenH

bNÐitKb|IRCabesckþIGZib|ay

kñúgGdðkza:f;

edIm eRBaHehtuenaH kmμdðanEdlbuK<l:nedaykRmCagóTÆúmatk

enHza ²RBHeyaKI CaGñkeXIjGanisgSCaRbRktI CaGñkmanesckþI

GsuPkmμdðanenHeTIbminmaneLIy³ dUecñH CaGñkmanesckþIsm<al´


visuTÆimK< ERb

413

414

GsuPkmμdðannieTÞs

kñúgóTÆúmatkGsuPenaH za dUcCartn; Kb|IjúaMgesckþIeKarBekat

sMEdgesckþIRbtibtþi cMeBaHesckþIRbtibtþi nigcMeBaHplénesckþI

ERkg otaMgeLIgR:kdehIy RbRBwtþRsLaj´ rkSanimitþenaH .

Rbtibtþiç

RBHeyaKI Kb|IcgeRk[kcitþTuker]y>

EdlxøÜn:nehIy CaKuNviessd*Cak´c|as´ç nIvrN;TaMg 5 KÅ

kñúgóTÆúmatkGsuPenaH za

k*RBHeyaKIenaH

lHbg´:n

eRBaHPav;énKuNviess

²GsuP ehIme:¨geLIg KÅbuK<lKYrex¬Imç GsuPehIme:¨geLIg KÅ

RBHeyaKI lHbg´:n dUcer[brab´mkenHÉgç

buK<lKYrex¬Im TaMgkñúgTICaTIenAkñúgevlayb´ TaMgkñúgTICaTIenA kñúg

TaMgLay KÅ; vitk,; mankarbegÁaneTAnUvcitþ kñúgnimitþn@uHÉg Ca

evlaézá³ dUecñH .

lk¡N;ç

enaHer]y> .

RBHeyaKIKb|InwkrMBwg Kb|IeZVITukkñúgcitþnUvnimitþ

RBHeyaKIKb|IeZVInimitþenaH oCanimitþKÅxøÜnRtiHriH:n

mk nwkrMBwg:nmk .

mYyeT[t Gg<Qan

vicar; EdljúaMgkic© KÅkarbe:sGEgÁl nUvnimitþ o

sMercç bIti Cabc©&yénkiriya:nnUvKuNviessEdlxøÚn:ncMeBaH ehIyç sux; EdleQμaHza manesckþIsáb´Caehtu eRBaHesckþI

kalRBHeyaKIenaHeZVIy¨agenHç bdiPaKnimitþ rEmgekIteLIg. enH KWCaesckþIepSgKña énnimitþTaMg 2

sáb´ekItRBm dl´RBHeyaKI EdlCaGñkmancitþRbkbedaybIti nig

kñúgóTÆúmatkGsuPenaH .

ÉkK<tacitþ EdleQμaHza manesckþIsuxCaehtu eRBaHkiriyataMg

óK<hnimitþ rEmgR:kd dUcCamanrUbEbøk manrUbKYrex¬Im mankar

enAx¢ab´éncitþ ekItman dl´RBHeyaKI Gñkdl´ehIynUvesckþIsux

eXIjKYrxøac . ÉbdiPaKnimitþ rEmgR:kd dUcbursmanGvyv;

rEmgekItR:kd .

tUc-ZM Zat´ briePaK ‘Gahar’ drabdl´EqÁtehIyedk .

bfmCÄan rEmgekIt dl´RBHeyaKIenaH kñúgxN;enaHdUcKña y¨ag

RBHeyaKIenaH lHbg´kamqnÞ; edayGMNackarsg,t´sg,in

enHÉg .

sUm|IóbcarCÄan EdlekItCarUbeRb[b én

bnÞab´GMBIóbcarCÄanenaHeTA bNÐit Kb|IRCabviZan

‘vik¡mÖnbhan;’ eRBaHmineZVITukkñúgcitþnUvkamTaMgLay BÆd*xageRkA

TaMgGs´ drabdl´Gb|na nig kar:ndl´vsI énbfmCÄan tam

RBmTaMgkarEdl:ncMeBaH nUvbdiPaKnimitþn@uHÉgç mYyeT[t RBH

n&yEdlelak:neBalehIy kñúgbfvIksiNn@uHÉg .

eyaKIenaH

lHbg´Büa:T

2- vinIlkGsuPkmμdðan

eRBaHlHbg´nUvesckþIeRtkGrhñwgÉg

dUcCaxÞúH EdlCnlHbg´:n k*eRBaHlHbg´nUvQamy¨agenaHÉgç

‘123’ k*sUm|IkñúgkmμdðanTaMgLay manvinIlkGsuPkmμdðan CaedIm

GñkmanesckþIBüayamR:rBÆehIyç lHbg´óTÆc©kuk,úc©;:n eday

KÅRBHGdðkzacarü eBalehIy cab´taMgGMBIkaredIreTA‘emIlGsuP’

GMNacénkarRbkbCaer]y>

CaedIm edayn&yza ²RBHeyaKI kaler[nyknUvGsuPnimitþ Edl

RkhaysþayeRkayç

nUvZm(sáb´

esckþIsgS&y

EdleZVInUvesckþIminekþA cMeBaHRBHsasþa

CaGñk

déTGMBIóTÆúmatkGsuPkmμdðanenHeTA

lk¡N;enaHÉNa

n&ydUcKñaenaHEdr RBHeyaKIlHbg´zInmiTÆ;:n eRBaHPav;énxøÜnCa

CaGsuP ehIme:¨g rEmgedIreTAEtmñak´Ég

minmansMLaj´

man


visuTÆimK< ERb

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416

GsuPkmμdðannieTÞs

stitaMgenAmaM³ dUecñHCaedImç lk¡N;TaMgGs´enaH bNÐitKb|IERb

bursRtUvsIh; nig xøaZMTaMgLayxaMsIuç eRBaHehtuenaH RBHeyaKI

‘pøas´’ enARtwmEtbTza ²óTÆúmatk;³ kñúgTIenaH> edayGMNacén

eTAkan´TImansPaBdUecñaHehIy

GsuPenaH>

kaler[nyknUvGsuPnimitþ

kñúgTisepSg> mkkan´rgVg´énck¡ú edaykiriyanwkrMBwgEtmþgç kar

EdlmanBN(ex[vÇÇÇ RBHeyaKI kaler[nyknUvGsuPnimitþ Edl

mk:ny¨agenH enH CakarRbéRBç zaebIGsuPenaH minmkeTç k*

manxÞúHEbøkÇÇdz dUecñHehIy

minRtUvsÞabGEgÁl edayédxøÜneLIy .

y¨agenHza

²RBHeyaKI

Kb|IRCabRBmTaMgvinicä&y nig esckþI

GZib|aytamn&yEdl:neBalehIyn@uHÉg .

cMENkesckþIenH

CaesckþIepSgKña . RBHeyaKI

sUm|IZøak´cuHehIy

eRBaHza RBHeyaKIkal

rEmgdl´nUvesckþIsñiTÆsñal

ehtuenaH

RBHeyaKI

Kb|IeRbIejamvtþç sameNreRKag ßk* GñkNamYyepSgeT[t o

Kb|IjúaMgmnsikaroRbRBwtþeTA

za ²vinIlkGsuP KÅbuK<lKYrex¬Imç dUecñH .

sÞabGEgÁl

ebIGsuPenaH

kñúgvinIlkGsuP

eZVIRtg´kEnøgEtmYy .

RBHeyaKI kalmin:n Kb|IykeQIRct´

vinIlkGsuP KÅbuK<lKYrex¬Im³

cas´ ßk* kMNat´eQI begÁancUleTA eZVITukcenøaHénRmamédmYy .

k*óK<hnimitþ kñúgkmμdðanenH rEmgR:kddUcCaGsuP man

RBHeyaKI luHbegÁancUleTACit y¨agenHehIy Kb|IjúaMgmnsikar

sm|úrBBalBRBuH .

cMENkbdiPaKnimitþ rEmgR:kd eday

GMNacénBN(d*Rkas´ .

oRbRBwtþeTA za ²GsuP dac´ecjepSg> KÅbuK<lKYrex¬Imç dac´ecjepSg> KÅbuK<lKYrex¬Im³ dUecñH .

3- vibuBVkGsuPkmμdðan RBHeyaKI Kb|IjúaMgmnsikar oRbRBwtþeTA kñúgvibuBVkGsuP

GsuP

óK<hnimitþ hak´dUcCa

dac´ehIy Rtg´Bak´kNþal rEmgR:kdkñúgkmμdðanenaH . cMENk bdiPaKnimitþ Canimitþd*bribUN( eBjelj rEmgR:kdeLIg . 5- vik¡ayitkGsuPkmμdðan

za ²vibuBVkGsuP KÅbuK<lKYrex¬Imç vibuBVkGsuP KÅbuK<lKYrex¬Im³ dUecñH . cMENkóK<hnimitþ kñúgkmμdðanenH rEmgR:kd hak´dUcCa

kñúgvik¡ayitkGsuP RBHeyaKI Kb|IjúaMgmnsikar oRbRBwtþ

bdiPaKnimitþ enAnwgz,l´ Canimitþsáb´sáat´ rEmg

eTAza ²vik¡ayitkGsuP KÅbuK<lKYrex¬Imç vik¡ayitkGsuP KÅbuK<l

kMBughUrecj . R:kdeLIg .

KYrex¬Im³ dUecñH . 4- vicäiTÞkGsuPkmμdðan

vicäiTÞkGsuP RBHeyaKI Etg:n kñúgyuTÆmNÐlxøH kñúgdg éRBCaTIsñak´enAénecarxøH kñúgTIsμsan CaTIEdlRBHraCaRTg´júaMg raCburs okab´BYkecarxøHç

BMuenaHesateT kñúgéRBRtg´kEnøgEdl

cMENkóK<hnimitþ kñúgkmμdðanenH rEmgR:kd

eLIg dUcCaRtUvstVCECgKñasIu kñúgTIenaH>Ég .

bdiPaKnimitþ Ca

nimitþeBjbribUN( EtgR:kdeLIgEmnBit . 6- vik¡itþkGsuPkmμdðan RBHeyaKI Kb|IeRbIobuK<leZVI

ßk* eZVIedayxøÜnÉg sUm|InUv


visuTÆimK< ERb

417

418

qGnukmμdðannieTÞs

vik¡itþkGsuP ‘GsuPrat´ray’ omancenøaH mYyRmaméd> tamn&y

elahitenaHehIy Kb|IjúaMgmnsikar oRbRBwtþeTAza ²elahitk

EdleBalehIy

GsuP KÅbuK<lKYrex¬Imç

kñúgvicäiTÞkGsuPn@uHÉg

ehIyKb|IjúaMgkareZVITuk

elahitkGsuP KÅbuK<lKYrex¬Im³ dUecñH .

kñúgcit oRbRBwtþeTAza ²vik¡itþkGsuP KÅbuK<lKYrex¬Imç vik¡itþkGsuP

óK<hnimitþ kñúgkmμdðanenH manGakar;kMerIk rEmgR:kd hak´dUc

KÅbuK<lKYrex¬Im³ dUecñH .

CapÞaMg énsMBt´Rkhm EdlRtUvxül´bk´e:kehIy .

óK<hnimitþ kñúgkmμdðanenH rEmgR:kd

eLIg dUcCamancenøaHR:kd .

cMENkxag bdiPaKnimitþ Canimitþ

bdiPaKnimitþ Canimitþsáb´sáat´ rEmgR:kdeLIg . 9- buLúvkGsuPkmμdðan

eBjeljEmnBit rEmgR:kdeLIg . 7- htvik¡itþkGsuPkmμdðan sUm|Ihtvik¡itkGsuP ‘GsuP rat´rayEdleKciRJ©aMehIy’ k*

cMENkÉ

buLúvkGsuP rEmgman kñúgeBlEdlhVÚgdg,Úv ecjGMBImux dMe¶TaMg 9 énsaksB edayknøgeTA:n 2 ß 3 ézá .

mYy

RBHeyaKI :nkñúgTITaMgLay manbkar;KÅelakeBalehIy kñúg

eT[t

vicäiTÞkGsuPn@uHÉg .

mansVanç cckç mnusSç eKaç RkbIç dMrIç esH nig Bs´zøan´ Ca

eRBaHehtuenaH RBHeyaKI Kb|IeTA kñúgTITaMg

buLúvkGsuPenaH

manRbmaNb¨unsrIr;

énstVTaMgLay

enaH ehIyeRbIoeKeZVI ßk* eZVIedayxøÜnÉg omancenøaHmYyRmam

edIm fitenA dUcCaKMnr:yénRsUvsalI .

éd> tamn&yEdleBalehIyn@uHÉg ehIyKb|IjúaMgmnsikar o

mnsikar oRbRBwtþeTA kñúgsaksBTaMgLayenaH saksBNa

RbRBwtþeTA za ²htvik¡itþkGsuP KÅbuK<lKYrex¬Imç htvik¡itþkGsuP

mYy za ²buLúvkGsuP KÅbuK<lKYrex¬Imç

KÅbuK<lKYrex¬Im³ dUecñH .

cMENkóK<hnimitþ kñúgkmμdðanenH R:kd

ex¬Im³ dUecñH . EmnBit nimitþ kñúgsaksBdMrIxagkñúgénbwgeQμaH

hak´bIdUcCamuxrbYs .

bdiPaKnimitþ CanimitþeBjeljEmnBit

kaLTIXvabI ekIteLIgR:kd dl´RBHezr;eQμaH cULbiNÐ:tik tisS; .

rEmgR:kdeLIg . 8- elahitkGsuPkmμdðan elahitkGsuP RBHeyaKIEtg:n kñúgGvyv;TaMgLayman

RBHeyaKI Kb|IjúaMg

buLúvkGsuP KÅbuK<lKYr

cMENkóK<hnimitþ kñúgkmμdðanenH rEmgR:kd hak´dUc

CaenAkeRmIkjab´j&r . bdiPaKnimitþ Canimitþsáb´sáat´rEmgR:kd eLIg hak´bIdUcCadMuénRsUvsalI . 10- GdðikGsuPkmμdðan

éd nig eCIgCaedIm énmnusSTaMgLayEdl:nnUvkarRbhar kñúg TITaMgLay manyuTÆmNÐlCaedIm dac´ehIy ßk* kñúgkalEdl

GdðikGsuP RBHmanRBHPaK Rtas´ehIy edayRbkarepSg>

elahithUrecjGMBImat´ énsaksBTaMgLay EdlmanBk nig

edayn&yza ²RBHeyaKIenaHKb|IeXIjnUvsrIr;EdleKecalehIy

rlkEkv EbkZøayehIyCaedIm .

kñúgéRBexμac

ehtuenaH RBHeyaKI eXIjnUv

CaragqÁwg Edlmansac´

nig Qam mansréscg


visuTÆimK< ERb P¢ab´³ dUecñHCaedIm . TukehIy kñúgTINaç

eRBaHehtuenaH

419

ragqwgenaH Carbs´EdleK

RBHeyaKIKb|IeTA kñúgTIenaH tamn&yxagedIm

420

GsuPkmμdðannieTÞs

GatμaGj fitenA elITITYlç qÁwg fitenA kñúgTITab³ dUecñHk*:n . cMENkedayTI-t RBHeyaKI

Kb|IkMNt´ edayGMNacénTIEdl

n@uHÉg eZVInUvragqÁwgenaH oRbRBwtþeTACamYynimitþ oRbRBwtþeTACa

qÁwgTaMg 2 kMNat´ b¨HTg<icKñaehIy> .

mYyGarmμN¾ edayGMNacénvtæúTaMgLay manzμCaedIm edayCMu

Kb|IkMNt´ edayGMNaccenøaHénqÁwgTaMgLayn@uHÉg .

vij kMNt´edaysPav;Zmμtaza ²rbs´enH CaqÁwg³ dUecñHehIy

edayCMuvij RBHeyaKI Kb|IjúaMgjaN oRbRBwtþeTA kñúgqÁwgTaMg

er[nyknimitþ edayGakar;TaMg11 edayGakar;manBN(CaedIm .

Gs´hñwgÉgehIy kMNt´za ²kñúgTIenH manqÁwgenH³ dUecñH .

EtGdðikGsuPenaHç kalRBHeyaKI RkeLkemIl edayBN(za ²Ca

ebInimitþ minR:kd edayPavnaviZIy¨agenHeTç RBHeyaKI Kb|IjúaMg

BN(-s³ dUecñH rEmgminR:kdeLIgç karRcLM edayksiN man

citþ ofitenARtg´qÁwgllad¾ .

BN(-s Etgman .

11 y¨agenH kñúgGdðikGsuPenH y¨agNaç

ehtuenaH

RBHeyaKI Kb|IRkeLkemIl za

edaycenøaH RBHeyaKI cMENk

kal

k*karkan´yknimitþ edayGakar; sUm|IkñúgGsuPTaMg

²qÁwg³ edayGMNacqÁwg KÅbuK<lKYrex¬ImEtmüa¨g . Baküza ²ePT³

Lay EdlmanxagedIm GMBIGdðikGsuPenH manbuLúvkGsuP Ca

kñúgGsuPenH CaeQμaHénGvyv; TaMgLaymanédCaedIm .

edIm k*RBHeyaKI Kb|IkMNt´ edayGMNacénGakar;EdlsmKYr

eRBaH

ehtuenaH RBHeyaKIKb|IkMNt´ edayePT edayGMNac‘Gvyv;’

y¨agenaHEdr .

KÅédç eCIgç k|alç RTUgç edImédç ceg,Hç ePøA nig Cg<g´TaMgLay .

k*eRBaHkmμdðanenH rEmgseRmc kñúgragqÁwgTaMgmUlk*:n kñúg

cMENkedayRTg´RTay RBHeyaKI Kb|IkMNt´ edayGMNacénkar

qÁwgEtmYyk*:n eRBaHehtuenaH RBHeyaKIKb|Ikan´yknimitþ eday

Evg nig xøIç mUl nig bYnRCugç tUc nig ZM .

Tis nig Okas

Gakar; 11 y¨ag kñúgragqÁwg ß qÁwgTaMgLayenaH rbs´NamYy

mann&ydUc:neBalmkehIyhñwgÉg . cMENkedaybriecäT RBH

ehIy júaMgmnsikaroRbRBwtþeTAza ²GdðikGsuP KÅbuK<lKYrex¬Imç

eyaKI Kb|IkMNt´ edayGMNacénTIbMput‘CMuvij’énqÁwgenaH>ç kñúg

GdðikGsuP KÅbuK<lKYrex¬Im³ .

ragqÁwgTaMgenaH nimitþqÁwgÉNa Canimitþc|as´ rEmgR:kdç Kb|I kan´yknUvnimitþenaH‘rhUt’:ndl´Gb|na . nig TITYl

cMENk edayTITab

RBHeyaKI Kb|IkMNt´ edayGMNacTITab nig TITYl

énqÁwgenaH> .

mYyeT[t RBHeyaKIKb|IkMNt´ edayGMNacénTI

kEnøg za ²GatμaGj fienA kñúgTITabç

qÁwg fitenA kñúgTITYl ßza

RBHGdðkza :neBalza ²óK<hnimitþkþI bdiPaKnimitþkþI kñúg kmμdðanenH CanimitþdUcKñaEtmYyn@uHÉg³ . kñúgqÁwgEtmYy .

BaküenaH smKYrehIy

EtkñúgragqÁwg PaBénragqÁwgmancenøaH R:kd kñúg

óK<hnimitþ PaBénragqÁwgeBjbribUN( kñúgbdiPaKnimitþ eTIbKYr . mYyeT[t sUm|IkñúgqÁwgEtmYy óK<hnimitþ Kb|ICarUbKYrex¬Im KYro


visuTÆimK< ERb P&yxøacç

421

422

GsuPkmμdðannieTÞs

EtbdiPaKnimitþ Kb|ICarUbjúaMgbIti nig esamnsS o

ekIt eRBaHCanimitþEdlnaMóbcar;mk .

RCab nUvGsuPTaMgLayenaH nig Pavnan&yenH

Etza kñúgOkasenH Bakü

énGsuPTaMgLayenaHpg

Na EdlRBHGdðkzacarüeBalehIy kñúgGdðkzaTaMgLayç Bakü enaH elakeBalopøÚvehIydUcKña .

ElgEzmeT[t dUcteTAenH .

enaH sUm|IeBalza ²kñúgRBhμviharTaMg 4 nig kñúgGsuPTaMg 10

RcLMKñaénextþEdnn@uHÉg KÅCanimitþ nig kñúgGsuPTaMg 10 kalebI PaBCarbs´KYrex¬Im KÅRBHeyaKI eZVIminomanvikb| eXIjehIyn@uH Ég eTIbeQμaHza Canimitþ³ dUecñHehIy eBalBaküminomancenøaH mþgeT[tn@uHÉg za ²nimitþ kñúgGsuPenHman 2 y¨ag KÅ óK<hnimitþ bdiPaKnimitþç óK<hnimitþCanimitþmanrUbEbøkKYroex¬Im manGarmμN¾ KYroRBÅ KYroP&yxøac R:kdeLIg³ dUecñHCaedIm.

eRBaHehtuenaH

eyIgTaMgLay:nBicarNaehIy eBalnUvBaküNaç BaküenHÉg KYrehIy kñúgOkasenH .

mYyeT[t Éer]gTaMgLay maner]gén

srIr; rbs´®sþITaMgmUl R:kd CaragqÁwg dl´RBHmhatisSetær eRBaHRkeLkemIlRtwmEtqÁwgeZμj CaniTsSn; kñúgGdðikkmμdðanenH edayRbkardUecñHÉg .

RBHTsBl RTg´manRBHkitþiKuN KWelakTsstelacn;

eBalsresIrehIy

RTg´manRBHKuN

d*lÁ :nRtas´ehIy nUvGsuPTaMgLayÉNa Edl Caehtu énQanmYy> edayRbkardUecñHç

bNÐit

Kb|I

RCabbkiNÑkkza kñúgGsuPTaMgenaHÉg edayéRk

BitdUecñaHEmn kñúgGdðkza

bdiPaKnimitþ minmaneT . eRBaHkñúgRBhμviharTaMgLay karRcLÚk

y¨agenHehIy

‘bkiNÑkkza’ ‘124’

EmnBit

RBHeyaKI GñkEdl:nseRmcQan kñúg

GsuPkmμdðanTaMgLayenaH esckþIRbRBwtþielaPln´

GsuPkmμdðanNamYy

dUcCaGñkEdlmanraK;

eRBaHPav;CaGñksg,t´sg,inraK;:nlÁehIy

.

CaGñkminman eTAR:sehIy

kalebImanehtu

y¨agdUecñHç RbePTGsuPenHÉNa EdlelakeBalehIyç RbePT énGsuPenaH bNÐitKb|IRCabza ²elakeBalehIy edayGMNac énkardl´nUvPaBCaZmμtaénsrIr; nig edayGMNacénkarepSgKña énbuK<lEdlCaraKcrit³ dUecñH . eRBaHza srIr;Rss´ kaldl´nUvPaBCarbs´bdikUl k*Kb|I CasaksB dl´nUvsPaBénóTÆúmatkGsuPxøH dl´nUvsPaB én saksBNamYy bNþasaksBTaMgLay manvinIlkGsuP Ca edIm . EbbNa>ç

eRBaHehtuenaH RBHeyaKI CaGñkGacedIm|I:nnUvGsuP k*Kb|Ikan´yknimitþ kñúgGsuPEbbenaH> y¨agenH za

²óTÆúmatkGsuP

KÅbuK<lKYrex¬Imç

vinIlkGsuP

KÅbuK<lKYrex¬Im³

dUecñH RbePTénGsuP bNÐit Kb|IRCabza ²elakeBalehIy 10 y¨ag edayGMNacénkardl´sPaBénsrIr; y¨agdUecñHÉg³ .


visuTÆimK< ERb

423

EtedayesckþIepSgKña kñúgGsuPTaMgLayenH bNÐit Kb|I RCabza ²RbePTénGsuPelakeBalehIy10 y¨ag edayGMNac karepSgKña énbuK<lEdlCaraKcrit mYyepSgeT[t y¨agdUecñH KÅ; ‘1’ óTÆúmatkGsuP CaTIsb|ay énbuK<lEdleRtkRtGal kñúgRTg´RTay eRBaHsMEdgnUvvibtþiRTg´RTayénsrIr;ç ‘2’ vinIlkGsuP CaTIsb|ay énbuK<lEdleRtkRtGal kñúgsm|úrénsrIr; eRBaHsMEdgvibtþi énteRmkkñúgEs|kç ‘3’

vibuBVkGsuP

CaTIsb|ay

énbuK<lEdleRtkRtGal

424

GsuPkmμdðannieTÞs

esckþIxusepSgKña énRTg´RTayrbs´srIr;ç ‘8’ elahitkGsuP CaTIsb|ayénbuK<lEdleRtkRtGal kñúgesckþIlÁEdleRK]gRbdab´oekIt

eRBaHsMEdgnUvPaBCarbs´

bdikUl edaymanelahitRbLak´ç ‘9’ buLúvkGsuP CaTIsb|ay énbuK<lEdleRtkRtGal kñúgkayedayesckþIsm<al´ za ²Carbs´xøÜn³ eRBaHsMEdgnUvPav; énkayEdlCarbs´TUeTAdl´hVÚgdg,ÚvCaeRcInç ‘10’

GdðikGsuP

CaTIsb|ay énbuK<lEdleRtkRtGal

kñúgkøinénsrIr; Edltak´EtgehIy edayGMNacéneRK]gsÁitsÁag

kñúgsm|tþi rbs´eZμj eRBaHsMEdgnUvPav;énqÁwgsrIr;TaMgLay Ca

manp,akRmg nig eRK]gRkGUbCaedIm eRBaHsMEdgnUvPav;énrbs´

rbs´bdikUl³ dUecñH .

EdlCab´edaykay nig BN(sm|úrEdlCarbs´sÁúyç ‘4’

vicäiTÞkGsuP

kñúgPaBEdlRkas´ENn

mYyeT[t kñúgGsuPTaMg 10 y¨agenaH citþ nwgfitenA man

CaTIsb|ay

énbuK<lEdleRtkRtGal

GarmμN¾EtmYy:n k*eRBaHkmøaMgénvitk,;b¨ueNÑaH R:scakvitk,;

kñúgsrIr;

eRBaHsMEdgnUvPaBEdlCa

ehIy minGacfitenA:neT eRBaHPav;énGarmμN¾ mankmøaMgexSay

Rbehag BÆd*xagkñúgç

eRb[bdUcCakñúgTenøEdlmanTwkhUreTA minecHQb´ manExSTwkhUr

‘5’ vik¡ayitkGsuP CaTIsb|ayénbuK<lEdleRtkRtGal

el]n TUkctenA:n k*eRBaHEtyuz,a R:scakyuz,aehIy minGac

kñúgkarTuleLIgénsac´ kñúgTIepSg>énsrIr; manedaHCaedIm eRBaH

ctenA:neLIy y¨agenaHÉg eRBaHehtuNaç

sMEdgkarxUcxaténsm|tþiénkarTuleLIgénsac´ç

GsuPkmμdðanenH

‘6’

vik¡itþkGsuP

CaTIsb|ay

énbuK<lEdleRtkRtGal

eRBaHehtuenaH kñúg

eTIbmanEtbfmCÄanb¨ueNÑaHç

manTutiyCÄanCaedIm minmaneLIy .

QanTaMgLay

mYyeT[t kñúgGarmμN¾enaH

kñúglIla énGvyv;tUc-ZM eRBaHsMEdgnUvkarrat´ray énGvyv;

sUm|IbdikUl bIti nig esamnsS k*rEmgekIteLIg:n eRBaHRBH

tUc-ZMTaMgLayç

eyaKIeXIjnUvGanisgS y¨agenH za ²GatμaGj nwgrYcputcakCra

‘7’ htvik¡itþkGsuP CaTIsb|ayénbuK<lEdleRtkRtGal kñúgsm|tþi énRTg´RTayrbs´srIr;

eRBaHsMEdgnUvkarBikar eday

nig mrN; edaybdibTaenH edayBit³ dUecñHpg eRBaHlHbg´nUv eRK]gekþA KÅnIvrN;:npg dUckñúgKMnrlamk bIti nig esamnsS


visuTÆimK< ERb k*rEmgekIteLIg

GsuPkmμdðannieTÞs

sac´ 900 dMu rMuB&TÆehIyedayEs|kRss´esþIg> biTehIyeday

GanisgSza ²«LÚvenH GatμaGj nwg:nnUvézøQñÜleRcIn³ dUecñH

Es|kmanRbehagtUc-ZM manxøaj´hUrecjehIy TaMgxagelI TaMg

nig eRb[bdUcCakñúgkarRbRBwtþi eTAénkarkÁÜt nig karbJ©úHecjmk

xageRkamCanic© dUcCaRkLénxøaj´xab´ CaTIenAGaRs&yénhVÚgdg,Úv

bIti nig esamnsS k*rEmgekIteLIg :ndl´ buK<lEdlmaneraK

CaTIekIteLIg éneraKTaMgLay CaCMrkénTuk¡Zm(TaMgLay CakEnøg

GñkmanBüaZiTuk¡ d*Zán´Zár y¨agenaHÉg .

hUrecjCab´Canic© tammuxdMe¶TaMg 9 dUcCabUsEdlcas´Ebb

b¨ueNÑaH .

buK<lGñkecalsRmam

426

EdleXIj

mYyeT[t

:ndl´

425

‘GsuP 10 manlk¡N;EtmYy’

ZøayehIy KÅCasrIr;EdlmanGacm¾EPñkhUrecj tamEPñkTaMgBIr

GsuPTaMg 10 enH edaylk¡N; manEtmYy

manGacm¾Rtec[khUrecj

tamrnÆRtec[kTaMgBIr

manTwksem|ar

EmnBit PaBCarbs´bdikUl KÅminsÁatç mankøinsÁúy

hUrecj tamrnÆRcmuHTaMgBIr manGaharç TwkRbmat´ç esøsμ¾ nig

nig KYroex¬Imn@uHÉg Calk¡N; rbs´GsuPTaMg 10 y¨agenaH .

Qam hUrecjmk tammat´ manóc©ar; nig bsSav; hUrecjmk

GsuPenHenaH minEmnR:kd edaylk¡N;enH EtkñúgsrIr;rbs´

tamTaVreRkamTaMgLay mantMNk´ejIsEdlminsÁathUrecjmk

mnusSsøab´müa¨geTç EtrEmgR:kd sUm|IkñúgsrIr; rbs´mnusS

tamreNþAéneramTaMg 99ç000 reNþA manstVTaMgLay manruy

EdlmanCIvitrs´enApgEdr dUcCaGsuPEdlR:kd dl´RBHmha

k|alex[vCaedIm eramB&TÆCMuCitç buK<lminsMGatehIynUvsrIr;Na

tisSetær GñkmanRbRktIenA kñúgectiybB(t EdleXIjnUvqÁwgén

edaysrIrkic©TaMgLay manduseZμjç lagmat´ kk´sk´ç gUtTwk

eZμμj nig dUcCaGsuPEdlR:kd dl´sameNr EdlCaóbdðak

nig

rbs´RBHsg¹rki¡tþetær GñkRkeLkemIlRBHraCaesþcRTg´Kg´elI-k

sk´GaRkk´ke®nÞIgerIg Rtac´GMBIRsukmYy eTARsukmYy eTaHCaRBH

dMrI y¨agenaH .

raCakþI CabuK<lNamYy kñúgbNþabuK<lzñak´Tab manGñksIuQñÜl

eRBaHza srIr; rbs´mnusSEdlsøab´ehIy Ca

esø{kBak´CaedIm

CamnusStamkMeNItmkehIyn@uHÉg

man

rbs´GsuP y¨agNaç sUm|IsrIr; rbs´mnusSEdlenArs´ k*Ca

ecalsMram

rbs´GsuP y¨agenaHEdr .

epSgGMBIKñaeLIy eRBaHPav;énsrIr;Carbs´bdikUlesμIKña . eQμaH

mnusSEdlenArs´enaH

b¨uEnþlk¡N;énGsuP kñúgsrIr;rbs´

rEmgminR:kd

nig

mnusScNÐalCaedImkþI

k*minmankarxusEbøk

eRBaHRtUveRK]gGlg,ar

zaesckþIepSgKña kñúgsrIr; énRBHraCakþI énmnusScNÐalkþI min

EdlCaGaKnþúk;biT:MgehIy . k*tamRbRktI ZmμtasrIr;enHman

maneLIy eRBaHPav;énsrIr; Carbs´minsÁatç mankøinsÁúyç KYr

qÁwg 300 kMNat´ edayéRkElg> taMgeLIgehIy CaragmantMN

oex¬Im nig Carbs´bdikUl y¨agenHÉg .

tCab´Kña 180 cgP¢ab´ehIy

dusxat´mnÞilTaMgLay

edaysrés 900 bUkehIyeday

k*b¨uEnþbuK<lTaMgLay

manmnÞiléneZμjCaedIm

kñúgsrIr;enH


visuTÆimK< ERb

427

428

GsuPkmμdðannieTÞs

edaysrIrkic©TaMgLay manduseZμj niglagmat´CaedIm biT:Mg

rlYs:y kñúgéRB ehIyekþARkhaynwgp,a EdlminTan´RCuHZøak´

Gvyv; EdljúaMgesckþIeG[nxμas okMerIk edaysMBt´manB(N

GMBIedImeQI za ²enH CadMusac´ç enaH CadMusac´³ dUecñHn@uHÉg .

epSg> labedayeRK]glab EdlRkGUb QáúyQáb´ sÁitsÁag edayeRK]gsÁitsÁagTaMgLay manp,a nig eRK]gGaPrN;CaedIm ehIy eZVIodl´nUvGakar;EdlKYrRbkan´maM

za ²Gj³ za ²rbs´

Gj³ dUecñH . bnÞab´BIenaH buK<lTaMgLayenaH k*caMnUvlk¡N; énGsuP EdlCasPav;BitR:kd y¨agNa rbs´vaenaH min:n eRBaHlk¡N;énGsuPenaH RtUvbiT:Mg edayeRK]gGlg,arEdlCa GaKnþúk;enH

BYkburs k*eZVInUvesckþIeRtkGr cMeBaH®sþITaMgLayç

ÉBYk®sþI k*eZVIesckþIeRtkGr cMeBaHbursTaMgLayEdr . Eteday brmtæ eQμaHza kEnøgEdlKYr dl´karEdlKYroeRtkRtGal kñúg srIr;enH sUm|IEtbnþicbnþÜc k*minmaneLIy .

BitEmndUecñaH stV

TaMgLay EtgminR:zñasUm|Ib¨HBal´ edayéd Etgen]yNay eG[nxμasex¬Im kñúgbNþacMENkTaMgLay mansk´ç eramç Rkckç eZμjç Twkmat´ç Twk sem|arç óc©ar; nig bsSav;CaedIm sUm|I cMENkmYyEdlZøak´ehIyBÆd*xageRkAénsrIr;ç EtzacMENkNa> Carbs´manenAesssl´ kñúgsrIr;enaHç buK<lTaMgLayenaH RtUv esckþIggwtKÅGviC¢arMuB&TÆehIy eRtkRtGalehIy edayraK;eBal KÅesckþIesñhakñúgxøÜn rEmgkan´yknUvcMENkenaH> sUm|ICarbs´ bdikUl y¨agenHza ²Carbs´KYrR:zña KYreRtkGr Carbs´eT[g Ca sux CaxøÜn³ dUecñH .

buK<lTaMgLayenaH kalRbkan´ y¨agenH

eQμaHza dl´nUvPaBesμIKña edaystVcckcas´ EdleXIjnUvedIm

eRBaHehtudUecñaH

stVcck eXIjnUvp,arlYs:y EdlrIkehIy kñúg éRB sm<al´za ²Gj:nedImsac´ehIy³ k*Rbjab´ Rbjal´e:leTAehIy

Rt:k´p,aEdlZøak´ehIy>

CastVelaPln´ d*éRkElg dwgza ²enH minEmnCa sac´³ rEmgRbkan´za ²vtæúNa Edlman elIedIm eQI vtæúenaH Casac´³ dUecñH y¨agNamijç GñkR:C\ minRtUvkan´yk nUvcMENkEdlZøak´ehIyb¨ueNÑaH za ²CaGsuP³ y¨agdUecñaH ehIyKb|Ikan´yknUvcMENk enaH sUm|ImanenA kñúgsrIr;za CaGsuP y¨agdUecñaHç eRBaHbuK<lBalTaMgLay Rbkan´yknUvragkayenH za Carbs´sÁat ehIyCaGñkQøk´vegVg kñúgragkay enaH eZVInUvGMeBIGaRkk´TaMgLay rEmgminrYcput GMBI esckþITuk¡ç eRBaHehtuenaH GñkmanR:C\a Kb|IeXIj nUvsPav;énragkayEdlsÁúy eTaHCars´enAkþI søab´ ehIykþI za Carbs´R:sehIycakPav;Carbs´lÁ . EmnBit BaküenH RBHburaNacarü eBalehIy za ;

kay Carbs´minsÁatmankøinsÁúy eRb[bdUcCasak sB eRb[bdUcCareNþAlamk CakayEdlGñkman


visuTÆimK< ERb

429

ck¡úTaMgLay tiHed[lehIy ‘bu¨Enþ’ Cakay KW buK<lBaleRtkGrxøaMgNas´ç kayÉNa biT:Mg ehIy edayEs|kRss´ mandMe¶ZM 9 reNþA Ca kayminsÁat mankøinsÁúy hUrecj edayCMuvijç RbsinebIxagkñúg énkayenH Kb|ICarbs´xageRkAç buK<l Kb|Ikan´dMbgehIy hamXat´ nUvEkÁk nig sunx :nedayBit .

Gakar;énGsuP

rEmgR:kd kñúgsrIr;

Na>ç Kb|Ikan´yknimitþ kñúgsrIr;enaH> Ég ehIybMeBjkmμdðan odl´Gb|na edayRbkardUecñH . briecäT TI6 eQμaH GsuPkmμdðannieTÞs kñúgGZikarénsmaZiPavna kñúgKm¬IreQμaHvisuTÆimK< Edlx\úMer[ber[gehIy edIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´kiriyajúaMgsaZuCnorIkray cb´ehIy edayRbkardUecñH . v

‘125’

k*kñúgGnusSti

v

v

er[er[gcb´ bribUN( ézác&nÞ 3 erac ExmaX qñaMCUt Gdðs&k BÇsÇ 2540 23 kumÖ; 1997

10

EdlelaksMEdgehIy

kñúg

lMdab´énGsuPç stihñwgÉg eQμaHza GnusSti eRBaHekIteLIg er]y> . sti eQμaHza GnusSti eRBaHCaesckþIrlwkEdlsm KYrdl´kulbuRt GñkbYsehIy edaysTÆa eRBaHoRbRBwtþeTA kñúg fan;EdlKYroRbRBwtþeTAn@uHÉg dUecñH k*:nEdr . GnusSti

BuTÆanusSti .

eRBaHehtuenaH Pik¡úEdlCaTBVCati TukCasrIr; EdlenArs´kþI srIr;Edlsøab´ehIykþIç

qGnusStinieTÞs

430

EdlR:rBÆnUvRBHBuTÆehIy

ekIteLIg

eQμaHza

Baküza ²BuTÆanusSti³ n@uH KÅCaeQμaHénsti Edl

manRBHBuTÆKuN CaGarmμN¾ . GnusSti

ZmμanusSti .

EdlR:rBÆnUvRBHZm(ehIy

ekIteLIg

eQμaHza

Baküza ²ZmμanusSti³ n@uH KÅCaeQμaHénsti Edl

manRBHZmμKuN mansVak¡atZm(CaedIm CaGarmμN¾ . GnusSti

EdlR:rBÆnUvRBHsg¹ehIy

ekIteLIg

eQμaHza

sg¹anusSti . Baküza ²sg¹anusSti³ n@uHKÅCaeQμaHénstiEdl manRBHsg¹KuN manPav;CaGñkRbtibtþilÁCaedIm CaGarmμN¾ . GnusSti

sIlanusSti .

EdlR:rBÆnUvsIlehIy Baküza

ekIteLIg

eQμaHza

²sIlanusSti³ n@uH KÅCaeQμaHénsti

EdlmansIlKuN manPav;CasIlmindac´CaedIm CaGarmμN¾ . GnusSti EdlR:rBÆnUvkarlHbg´ehIy ekIteLIg eQμaHza

caKanusSti .

Baküza ²caKanusSti³ n@uH KÅCaeQμaH énsti

EdlmancaKKuN manPaBCaGñkmancaK; lHbg´rYcehIyCaedIm CaGarmμN¾ .


visuTÆimK< ERb GnusSti

EdlR:rBÆnUveTvtaehIy

eTvtanusSti .

431 ekIteLIg

Baküza ²eTvtanusSti³ n@uH KÅCaeQμaHénsti

fan;CasakSI CaGarmμN¾ . GnusSti EdlR:rBÆnUvesckþIsøab´ehIy ekIteLIg eQμaHza Baküza ²mrNanusSti³ n@uH KÅCaeQμaH énsti

EdlmankarcUleTAkat´pþac´nUvCIviti®nÞIy¾ CaGarmμN¾ . stieTAehIy

kan´rUbkay

EdlepSgedaycMENk

man

sk´CaedIm ßza eTAehIy kñúgkay eRBaHehtuenaH stienaH eTIb eQμaHza kayKta .

kalebIKYreBalza ²stienaHpg eTAehIy

kñúgkaypg eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbeQμaHza kayKtsSti³ dUecñHç EtelakmineZVIrs; eBalza ²kayKtasti³ dUecñH .

Baküza

²kayKtasti³ n@uH KÅCaeQμaHénstiEdlmannimitþ kñúgcMENk énkaymansk´CaedIm CaGarmμN¾ . sti ecjehIy

EdlR:rBÆnUvxül´dkdegØImcUl ekIteLIg

eQμaHza

nig

xül´dkdegØIm

Gana:nsSti .

Baküza

²Gana:nsSti³ n@uH KÅCaeQμaH énstiEdlmannimitþ kñúgxül´ dkdegØImcUl nig xül´dkdegØImecj CaGarmμN¾ . GnusSti EdlR:rBÆnUvesckþIsáb´ehIy ekIteLIg eQμaHza

óbsmanusSti . Baküza ²óbsmanusSti³ n@uH CaeQμaH énsti EdlmanRBHniBVan CaTIrmáab´nUvTuk¡TaMgBYg CaGarmμN¾ .

qGnusStinieTÞs ‘viZIcMerInBuTÆanusSti’

eQμaHza

EdlmanKuN mansTÆaCaedIm rbs´xøÜn elIkykeTvtaTuk kñúg

mrNanusSti .

432

kñúgGnusSti 10 enH dUceBalmkehIyenH RBHeyaKIGñk RbkbRBmehIy

edayesckþIRCHzøaéRkElg

R:zñanwgcMerIn

BuTÆanusSti CadMbUg Kb|ICaGñkeTA kñúgTIsáat´ BYnsmMáenA kñúgTI esnasn;d*smKYrehIy

rlwkdl´KuN

rbs´RBHd*manRBHPaK

RBHBuTÆCam©as´ Caer]y> y¨agenHza ²«tibi esa PKva GrhM

smμasm¬úeTÆa

viC¢acrNsm|enña

suKeta

elakviTU

Gnutþera

burisTmμsarzi stæa eTvmnusSanM BueTÆa PKva³ dUecñH . enH Ca n&ykñúgkarrlwker]y> kñúgRBHBuTÆKuNTaMgLayenaH .

buK<l

rlwker]y>za ²esa PKva «tibi GrhM «tibi smμasm¬úeTÆa .l.

esa PKva «tibi PKva³ dUecñH .

manBaküGZib|ayza ²eRBaH

ehtuenHpg enHpg³ dUecñH . buK<l rlwker]y> za ²kñúgbTTaMgenaH RBHd*manRBHPaKGg< enaHRTg´RBHnamza GrhM eRBaHehtuTaMgLayenHCamun KÅ Garktþa eRBaHPaBCaGñkqáayç GrInM GranJ© httþa eRBaHPav;énswksRtUv TaMgLay

KÅRBHGg<RTg´kMcat´:nehIy

nig

eRBaHPav;énkaMTaMg

Lay KÅRBHGg<RTg´:nTmøayecalGs´ehIyç bc©yaTInM Grhtþa eRBaHPav;énRBHGg<CaGñkKYr dl´Tk¡iNavtæúTaMgLay manbc©&yCa edImç

:bkreN rhaPava

eRBaHminmanesckþIsáat´kM:Mg

kñúg

kareZVI:b . EmnBit KÅRTg´fitenA

RBHmanRBHPaKGg<enaH RTg´RBHnamza CaGñkqáay kñúgTIqáayEsnqáaybMput

cakkielsTaMgBYgTaMg


visuTÆimK< ERb Lay

eRBaHPav;énkielsTaMgLay

433

qGnusStinieTÞs

KÅRBHGg<

manCra nig mrN; Cakg´ RckehIy edayePøA EdleZVIeday

RTg´kMcat´:nehIy edaymK< eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbRTg´RBHnamza

GasvsmuTy; RbkbRBmehIy kñúgrz KÅéRtPB vileTAehIy

GrhM eRBaHRBHGg<CaGñkqáay .

rhUtevla

RBHd*manRBHPaK

Gg<ÉNa

RBmTaMgvasna

434

RTg´minmankarCab´ RBHmanRBHPaKRBHGg<

kMcat´bg´Gs´ehIy eTIbRTg´RBHnamza

edaymK<

eRBaHehtuenaH

RBHGg<

GrhM eRBaHRTg´kMcat´bg´sRtUvTaMgLay:n

ehIyEmnBit .

sUm|ITaMgBYg

eBalKWkiels

manraK;CaedIm

KWRBHd*manRBHPaK

RBHGg<Canaz;

RTg´kMcat´bg´:nehIy edays®sþa eBalKWbJ¦a eRBaHehtuNaç

eRBaHehtuenaHÉg

RBHGg<enaH

eTIbRTg´RBHnamza GrhMM . ‘126’

mYyeT[t

eRBaHehtuenaH

RBHGg<

GrhM eRBaHRTg´kMcat´bg´kaM ‘KÅsg¡ar’ TaMg

mYyvijeT[t sMsarvdþ manTIbMputxagedIm KÅbuK<lmindwg

mYyeT[t sRtUvKÅkielsTaMgLayenaH KÅRBHmanRBHPaKGg<

sRtUvTaMgLay

Ek|reBaZimNÐl

Lay:nehIyhñwgÉg .

RTg´RBHnamza GrhM .

eTIbRTg´RBHnamza

én

cab´´nUvkaMbitRBa KÅRBHjaN EdleZVInUvkarGs´eTAénkmμ RTg´:n

kiels nig eTasTaMgenaH eRBaHehtuenaH eTIb

RTg´kMcat´bg´:nehIy

kaMTaMgLayTaMgBYg

EpndIKÅsIl edayRBH:T KÅvIriy;ehIy RTg´ykRBHhsþ KÅsTÆa

enaH RBHGg<Canaz; RTg´RBHnamza CaGñkqáay cak

enaH

ÉNaç

sMsarcRkenaH KÅRBHmanRBHPaKGg<enaH RBHGg<RTg´fitenA elI

CMBak´ edaykielsNa nig RBHGg<minRTg´Rbkb edayeTasTaMgLayNaç

rkTIedImminmann@uH

sMsarcRk

ehIy

eQμaHza

sMsarcRk .

k*GviC¢a CadMu énsMsarcRkenaH

eRBaHCaedImehtuç Cra nig mrN; Cakg´ eRBaHCaxagcugç Zm(TaMg Lay 10 d*ess CakaM eRBaHmanGviC¢aenAxagedIm nig eRBaHman Cra nig mrN;enAxagcug .

kñúgZm(TaMgLayenaH karmindwg kñúg

Griysc©TaMgLay manTuk¡CaedIm eQμaHza GviC¢a .

mYyeT[t

GviC¢a kñúgkamPB Cabc©&yénsg¡arTaMgLay kñúgkamPB . GviC¢a kñúgrUbPB Cabc©&yénsg¡arTaMgLay kñúgrUbPB .

GviC¢a kñúg

GrUbPB Cabc©&yénsg¡arTaMgLay kñúgGrUbPB . sg¡arTaMgLay kñúgkamPB Cabc©&yénbdisnÆiviJ¦aN kñúg kamPB . kñúgPBTaMgLayeRkAGMBIenH k*n&ydUcKñaenHEdr .

EdlmandMuseRmcehIy

edayGviC¢a nig PvtNØa GPisg¡ar manbuJ¦aPisg¡arCaedIm CakaM

bdisnÆiviJ¦aN kñúgkamPB Cabc©&y énnam nig rUb kñúg kamPB .

kñúgrUbPB k*y¨agdUecñaHEdr .

‘Et’ bdisnÆiviJ¦aN


visuTÆimK< ERb

435

kñúgGrUbPB Cabc©&yénnamEtmüa¨g .

436

qGnusStinieTÞs

bribUN(énTuc©rit

buK<lenaH k*rEmgeTAekIt kñúgG:y .

kmμ

namrUb kñúgkamPB Cabc©&y énsLaytn; kñúgkamPB .

EdlCaehtuénkarekIteLIg kñúgG:y énbuK<lenaH CakmμPB .

namrUb kñúgrUbPB Cabc©&y énGaytn;TaMg 3 kñúgrUbPB . nam

xnÆTaMgLayEdlekIteLIgehIy eRBaHkmμ eQμaHza óbbtþiPB .

kñúgGrUbPB Cabc©&y énGaytn; 1 kñúgGrUbPB .

karekIteLIgénxnÆTaMgLay CaCatiç

Gaytn; 6 kamPB .

kúñgkamPB Cabc©&y énpsS;TaMg 6

Gaytn;TaMgLay 3

TaMgLay 3 kñúgrUbPB . énpsS; 1

kñúg

kñúgGrUbPB Cabc©&y

kñúgGrUbPB .

psS; 3

rUbPBenaHdUcKña .

buK<lmYyeT[t fansYK(³

kñúgrUbPB Cabc©&y énevTna 3

kñúg

psS; 1 kñúgGrUbPB Cabc©&y énevTna 1

Lay 6 kñúgkamPB .

kñúgkamPB Cabc©&y énkgéntNØaTaMg evTna 3

kñúgrUbPB Cabc©&y énkg

evTna 1 kñúgGrUbPB Cabc©&y

eRBaHkamu:TanCabc©&y

ehtuénkarekIteLIg

n&y k*Can&ydUcKñaenaHÉg KÅ kmμEdlCa

kñúgfansYK(enaH

rbs´buK<lenaH

CakmμPB

dUecñHCaedIm .

kñúgPBenaH >

kñúgRBhμelak³ ehIycMerInemtþa cMerInkruNa muTita óebk¡a eRBaH kamu:TanCabc©&ydUcKñaEdrç

eRBaHkareBjbribUrN¾

Pavna buK<lenaH k*rEmgeTAekIt kñúgRBhμelak .

énkarcMerIn

n&y k*Can&y

dUcKñaenaHÉg KÅkmμEdlCaehtuénkarekIteLIg kñúgRBhμelakenaH

énkgéntNØa 1 kñúgGrUbPB . Cabc©&y énó:TanenaH > .

rbs´buK<lenaH CakmμPB dUecñHCaedIm .

Zm(d*essTaMgLay manó:TanCaedIm Cabc©&yénZm(TaMgLay manPBCaedIm.

RbRBwtþsucrit

cMENkbuK<lmYyeT[t R:zñaza ²Gj nwgesay nUvsm|tþi

éntNØa 3 kñúgrUbPBenaHdUcKña .

tNØaenaH >

dUecñHehIy

eTAekIt kñúgfansYK( .

kñúgGrUbPBenaHdUcKña . evTnaTaMgLay 6

R:zña za ²Gj nwgesay nUvsm|tþi kñúg

y¨agdUecñaHEdr eRBaHkareBjbribUrN¾énsucrit buK<lenaH k*rEmg

psS;TaMgLay 6 kñúgkamPB Cabc©&yénevTnaTaMgLay 6 kñúgkamPB .

TaMgLay CaCraç karEbkZøay énxnÆTaMgLay CamrN; .

kñúgrUbPB Cabc©&y énpsS;

Gaytn; 1

karcas´ edayCMuvij énxnÆ

sYrza ²er]genaHetIdUcemþc/³ .

eqøIyza ²buK<l

buK<lmYyeT[t R:zña za ²Gj nwgesay nUvsm|tþi kñúg GrUbPB³ dUecñHehIy cMerInsmabtþi manGakasanJ©aytn; Ca

BYkxøH kñúgelakenH Kitza GjnwgbriePaKnUvkamTaMgLayehIy

edIm

RbRBwtþTuc©rit edaykay RbRBwtþTuc©rit edayvaca RbRBwtþTuc©rit

bribUN(énPavna buK<lenaH k*rEmgeTAekIt kñúgGrUbPBenaH> .

edaycitþ

kmμEdlCaehtu énkarekIteLIg

eRBaHkarRbkan´maM kñúgkam Cabc©&y .

eRBaHkareBj

eRBaHkamu:TanCabc©&y

k*y¨agdUecñaHEdrç

eRBaHkareBj

kñúgGrUbPBenaH rbs´buK<lenaH


visuTÆimK< ERb

437

438

qGnusStinieTÞs

CakmμPB . xnÆTaMgLay EdlekItehIyeRBaHkmμ CaóbbtþiPB .

CaedIm Cavi:kvdþ kñúgkal«LÚvenH . eRBaHkarRbkan´yktNØaç

karekIt énxnÆTaMgLay CaCatiç

karcas´ edayCMuvij énxnÆTaMg

ó:Tan nig PB eTIb:neQμaHza Rbkan´ykGviC¢asg¡arpgEdr

Lay CaCraç karEbkZøay énxnÆTaMgLay CamrN;³ dUecñHÉg .

eRBaHehtuenaH Zm(TaMgLay 5 y¨agenH eTIbeQμaHza Cakmμvdþ

n&ysUm|IkñúgkarRbkbTaMgLay manó:Tan d*ess CaedImehtu

kñúgkal«LÚvenH .

k*mann&ydUcenHEdr .

kñúgkalteTA

bJ¦a kñúgkarkMNt´bc©&y za ²GviC¢a Caehtuç sg¡ar ekIt

Zm(TaMgLay5 y¨agenH eQμaHza Cavi:kvdþ

eRBaHZm(TaMgLay 5 manviJ¦aNCaedIm KÅelak

sMEdgehIy edaykarsMEdgnUvCatiç Cra nig mrN; .

Zm(TaMg

eLIgehIyGMBIehtuç GviC¢a nig sg¡arTaMgBIrenaH ekIteLIgehIy

enaH man 20 y¨ag edayGakar; .

GMBIehtudUcKñaEdr³ dUecñH enH eQμaHza ZmμdðitijaNç bJ¦a kñúg

énsg¡ar nig viJ¦aN mansnÆi 1ç

karkMNt´bc©&y za ²GviC¢a Caehtuç

sg¡ar ekIteLIgehIy

mansnÆi 1ç kñúgcenøaHénPB nig Cati mansnÆi 1 y¨agenHÉg .

GMBIehtuç

ekIteLIgehIyGMBIehtu

dUcKña

GviC¢a

nig

sg¡arTaMgBIrenaH

TaMgkñúgGtItkal

TaMgkñúgGnaKtkal³

dUecñH

eQμaHza

ZmμdðitijaN edayRbkardUecñHÉg . bNÐitKb|IBRgIkbTTaMgBYg

kñúgZm(TaMgenaH kñúgcenøaH

kñúgcenøaHénevTna nig tNØa

RBHd*manRBHPaK RTg´RCab RTg´eXIj KÅRTg´dwg RTg´cak´ZøúH nUvbdic©smub|aTEdlmanseg¡b 4 GTÆa 3 Gakar; 20 snÆi 3 enaH edayGakar;TaMgBYg dUceBalmkenHÉg . kardwgenaH eQμaHza jaN eRBaHesckþIza dwgç eQμaHza

o:nBisþar edayn&yenH . kñúgZm(TaMgenaH GviC¢a nig sg¡ar Caseg¡b 1ç viJ¦aNç nam rUbç sLaytn;ç psS; nig evTna Caseg¡b 1ç tNØaç ó:Tan

bJ¦a eRBaHesckþIza dwgCak´c|as´ .

ehtuenaH eTIbelakeBal

za ²bJ¦a kñúgkarkMNt´nUvbc©&y eQμaHza ZmμdðitijaN³ dUecñH .

Catiç Cra nig mrN; Caseg¡b 1 .

RBHmanRBHPaK kalRTg´RCab nUvZm(TaMgenaH tamesckþIBit

mYyeT[t kñúgseg¡bTaMg 4 enaH seg¡bxagedIm CaGtItkalç

edayZmμdðitijaNenHehIy RTg´en]yNay RTg´ZujRTan´ RTg´

seg¡bkNþal 2 Cabc©úb|nñkalç Catiç Cra nig mrN; Ca

rYYcputRsLH kñúgZm(TaMgLayenaH eQμaHza RTg´smøab´ KÅRTg´

GnaKtkalç

smøab´ edayviess RTg´kMcat´ nUvkaMTaMgLay énsMsarcRkenH

nig PB Caseg¡b 1ç

eQμaHza

mYyeT[t kñúgZm(TaMgenaH tNØaç ó:Tan nig PB

CaZm(KÅelakRbkan´ykehIyEmnBit

ykGviC¢a nig sg¡ar

eRBaHkarRbkan´

eRBaHehtuenaH Zm(TaMgLay 5 y¨agenH

eTIbeQμaHza Cakmμvdþ kñúgGtItkal .

Zm(TaMg 5

manviJ¦aN

manRbkardUc:neBalmkehIy .

eRBaHRBHGg< RTg´kMcat´kaMTaMg

Lay:ny¨agenHehIy RBHmanRBHPaKGg<enaH eTIbRTg´RBHnam za GrhM .


visuTÆimK< ERb

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440

qGnusStinieTÞs

kaMTaMgLayénsMsarcRk KWRBHelaknaz RTg´:n

ehtuenaH RBHelaknazGg<enaH eTIbRTg´CaGñkQñH

kMcat´ecalehIy edaytb; KWRBHjaN eRBaH

RTg´KYrnUvRBHnamenaH KWza CaGrhM kñúgelak Edl

ehtuNaç eRBaHehtuenaH RBHmanRBHPaKGg<enaH

smKYrdl´esckþI .

eTIbRTg´RBHnamza GrhM . ‘127’

mYyeT[t

mYyeT[t buK<lBalTaMgLayBYkxøHsm<al´za xøÜnCabNÐit

RBHmanRBHPaKGg<enaH KYrnUvbc©&yTaMg

kñúgelak rEmgeZVIGMeBI:b kñúgTIkM:Mg eRBaHP&yxUcdl´ekrþi¾eQμaH

LaymancIvrbc©&yCaedIm nig nUvkarbUCad*viess eRBaHPav;én

y¨agNaç

RBHGg<CaGK<Tk¡ieNyübuK<lç

kalebI

kM:Mg kñúgTINa> y¨agdUecñaHeT eRBaHehtuenaH RBHmanRBHPaK

RBHtzaKt RTg´esþcekIteLIgehIyç buK<lTaMgLayBYkxøH CaGñk

Gg<enaH eTIbRTg´RBHnamza GrhM eRBaHRBHGg<minmanTIsáat´kM:Mg

manskþiZM

kñúgkareZVI:b EmnBit .

TaMgeTvta

TaMgmnusSç

nUvkarbUCa kñúgTIdéTeLIy . ehIynUvRBHtzaKt

k*eRBaHehtuenaHhñwgÉg

buK<lTaMgLayenaH

mineZVI

BitEmndUecñaH shm|tIRBhμ bUCa

edaykRmgénrtn;b¨unPñMRBHsuemru

.

mYy

eT[t eTvta nig mnusSTaMgLaydéTeT[t manRBH:TBim¬isar nig RBH:TekaslCaedImk*:nbUCaRBHtzaKtehIytamkmøaMg . müa¨gvijeT[t RBH:TGesakmharaC RTg´lHbg´RBHraCRTBüman cMnYn 96 ekadi RTg´Rtas´oksagRBHvihar 84ç000 xñg kñúg sklCm¬ÚTVIb óTÞiscMeBaHRBHd*manRBHPaK sUm|IRTg´briniBVaneTA ehIykþI .

nwgcaM:c´eBalzVI dl´karbUCad*viessdéTeT[t eRBaH

ehtuenaH

RBHmanRBHPaKGg<enaH RTg´RBHnamza GrhM eRBaHRBH

Gg<CaGñkKYr dl´Tk¡iNavtæúTaMgLay manbc©&yCaedIm EmnBit .

eRBaHehtuEdlRBHelaknaz RBHGg<enH RTg´KYr nUvkarbUCad*viess RBmTaMgbc©&yTaMgLay eRBaH

RBHmanRBHPaKGg<enaH

RTg´mineZVInUv:b

kñúgTIsáat´

eQμaHza karsáat´kM:Mg kñúgkiriyaeZVI:bTaMgLay rEmgminman

dl´RBHtzaKt

CaGñkR:kddUecñaH

eRBaHehtuNaç eRBaHehtuenaH RBHmanRBHPaKGg< GrhM

enaH eTIbRTg´R:kdRBHnamza

eRBaHmin

mankarsáat´kM:Mg . RBHmunIRBHGg<enaH RTg´RBHnamza GrhM eRBaH RBHGg<RTg´qáay cakkiels 1 sRtUv eBalKWkielsTaMgLay 1 kMcat´nUvkaM énsMsarcRk 1

eRBaHRTg´kMcat´ RBHGg<CaGñk

CaGñksmKYr dl´

Tki¡NavtæúTaMgLay manbc©&yCaedIm 1

minRTg´

eZVI:bTaMgLay kñúgTIsáat´kM:Mg1 eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbRTg´RBHnamza GrhM


visuTÆimK< ERb

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edayRbkarTaMgBYg dUc:nBN(namkenHÉg . ‘128’

smμasm¬úeTÆa

442

qGnusStinieTÞs

BYgTaMgLay edayRbéBpg edayRBHGg<Égpg edayelIkeLIg

cMENkRBHmanRBHPaKRBHGg<enaH

RTg´RBHnam za

nUvbTmYy> y¨agenHza ²ck¡ú CaTuk¡sc©;ç tNØa EdlmanmkGMBI

eday

PBmun CaehtuoekIt eRBaHPav;CatYehtu EdlCab\sKl´énckú¡

RbéBpg edayRBHGg<Égpg . BitdUecñaHEmn RBHmanRBHPaKGg<

enaH CasmuTysc©;ç karminRbRBwtþieTAénckú¡ nig ckú¡smuTyTaMg

enaH RTg´Rtas´dwgnUvZm(TaMgBYgTaMgLay edayRbéBpg eday

BIr CanierZsc©;ç bdibTa EdlCaehtudwgc|as´nUvnieraZ CamK<

RBHGg<Égpg KÅRTg´Rtas´dwgnUvZm(TaMgLay EdlCaGPieJ¦yü;

sc©;³ dUecñH k*:n .

eRBaHPav;CaZm( KÅbuK<lKb|Idwg edayéRkElg RTg´Rtas´dwgnUv

k*n&ydUcKñaenHEdr .

Zm(TaMgLay

viJ¦aN 6 manckú¡viJ¦aNCaedImç

eRBaHRTg´Rtas´dwgnUvZm(TaMgBYgTaMgLay

EdlCabrieJ¦yü;

eRBaHPav;CaZm(

KÅbuK<lKb|I

kñúgesat;ç Xan;ç CIvØaç kay nig citþ Gaytn;TaMgLay 6 manrUbCaedImç kg psS; 6 manck¡úsmösS Ca

kMNt´dwg RTg´Rtas´dwgnUvZm(TaMgLay EdlCabhatBV; eRBaH

edImç

Pav;CaZm(KÅbuK<lKb|IlHbg´ RTg´Rtas´dwgnUvZm(TaMgLay Edl

sJ¦aCaedImç

CascäikatBV;

manrUbtNØaCaedImç vitk,; 6 manrUbvitk,;CaedImç vicar; 6 man

eRBaHPav;CaZm(

KÅbuK<lKb|IeZVIoCak´c|as´

RTg´

evTna 6 manck¡úsmösSCaevTnaCaedImç sJ¦a 6 ectna 6 manrUbseJ©tnaCaedImç

manrUb

kgéntNØa 6

Rtas´dwgnUvZm(TaMgLay EdlCaPaevtBV; eRBaHPav;CaZm(KÅbuK<l

rUbvicar;CaedImç

Kb|IeZVIocMerIn .

10ç sJ¦a 10 edayGMNacénóTÆúmatksJ¦aCaedImç Gakar; 32 mansk´CaedImç Gaytn; 12ç Zatu 18ç PB 9 mankamPBCa

k*eRBaHehtudUecñHÉg eTIbRBHGg<RTg´Rtas´ za ;

rbs´EdlbuK<lKb|Idwg

edayéRkElg

KWtzaKt

dwgcMeBaHehIy nig rbs´EdlbuK<lKb|IcMerIn KW tzaKt:ncMerInehIy rbs´EdlbuK<lKb|IlHbg´ KWtzaKtlHbg´:nehIyç

mñalRBahμN¾

ehtuenaH tzaKt eTIb:nCaGñkRtas´dwg

‘1’

eRBaH .

n&ymYyeT[t RBHmanRBHPaKGg<enaH RTg´Rtas´dwgnUvZm(TaMg 1-

su

xuÇ

PaKTI 54 TMB&rTI 197 .

xnÆ 5 manrUbk¡nÆCaedImç ksiN 10ç GnusSti

edImç Qan 4 manbfmCÄanCaedImç Gb|mJ¦a 4 manemtþaPavna CaedImç rUbsmabtþi 4 nig Gg<énbdic©smub|aT edaybdielam manCra

nig

mrN;CaedIm

edayGnuelam

manGviC¢aCaedIm

bNÐitKb|IRbkb edayn&yenHpgEdr . enH CakarRbkbbT 1 kñúgZm(TaMgLayenaH .

RBHmanRBH

PaK RTg´Rtas´dwg KÅRTg´Rtas´dwg edayGnuelam RTg´Rtas´dwg edaybdielam nUvZm(TaMgBYgTaMgLay edayRbéBpg edayRBH Gg<Égpg edayelIkykbTmYy> y¨agenHza ²Cra nig mrN;


visuTÆimK< ERb CaTuk¡sc©;ç

Cati

CasmuTysc©;ç

443

karrlas´ecjnUvTuk¡

nig

smuTy;TaMgBIr CanieraZsc©;ç bdibTa EdlCaehtuodwgc|as´ nUvnieraZ CamK<sc©;³ dUecñH .

eRBaHehtuenaH

444

qGnusStinieTÞs

sIl³ dUecñHCaedIm . Bakürbs´RBHGannÞetærTaMgGs´ bNÐitKb|I RCab tamn&yEdleBalehIy kñúgKm¬IrmCÄimbNÑask;n@uHÉg .

eTIbelakeBal

RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´RbkbRBmehIy edayviC¢aTaMgLayenH

za ²RBHmanRBHPaKGg<enaH RTg´RBHnamza smμasm¬úeTÆa k*eRBaH

nig edaycrN;enH ehtuenaH eTIbRTg´RBHnam za viC¢acrN-

RTg´Rtas´dwgnUvZm(TaMgBYgTaMgLay edayRbéBpg edayRBHGg<

sm|enña RTg´RbkbRBmehIy edayviC¢a nig crN; .

Égpg³ dUecñH . RTg´RBHnam za viC¢acrN-

sBVJ¦útþJ¦aN énRBHmanRBHPaK oeBjbribUrehIyfitenAç kar

eRBaHRTg´RbkbRBm edayviC¢aTaMgLay nig crN; .

dl´RBmedaycrN; júaMgPav;CaGñkRbkb edayRBHmhakruNa

‘129’

sm|enña

kñúgkardl´RBmTaMg 2 y¨agenaH kardl´RBmedayviC¢a júaMg

cMENkRBHmanRBHPaK

bNþabTTaMgenaH bTza ²viC¢a³ :nTaMgviC¢a 3 TaMgviC¢a 8 .

viC¢a

énRBHmanRBHPaK oeBjbribUrehIyfitenAç RBHmanRBHPaKGg<

3 bNÐitKb|IRCab tamn&ydUc:neBalehIy kñúgPyePrvsURt

enaH

n@uHÉg .

RbeyaCn¾ edaysBVJ¦útþJ¦aN ehIyRTg´eC[svagrbs´Edl«t

viC¢a 8 bNÐit Kb|IRCab tamn&yEdl:neBalehIy

kñúgGm¬dðsURt .

k*kñúgGm¬dðsURtenaH

RTg´dwgnUvrbs´EdlmanRbeyaCn¾

nig

rbs´Edlminman

RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´kMNt´

RbeyaCn¾ RTg´RbkbEtkñúgrbs´EdlCaRbeyaCn¾ edayPaBCaGñk

ykGPiJ¦a 6 RBmTaMgvibsSnajaN nig menamyiTÆi ehIyRTg´

Rbkb edayRBHmhakruNa dl´stVTaMgBYg dUcCabuK<lGñkdl´

Rtas´viC¢a 8 .

RBmedayviC¢a nig crN; .

eRBaHehtuenaH RBHsav&kTaMgLay

Zm(TaMg 15 y¨agenHÉg KÅ; karsRgYm kñúgsIlç karRKb´

rbs´RBHGg< CaGñkRbtibtþilÁ minEmnCaGñkRbtibtþiGaRkk´ dUcCa

RKgTVar kñúg«®nÞIy¾TaMgLayç kars<al´RbmaN kñúgePaCnç kar

BYksav&k rbs´RKUTaMgLay EdlR:scakviC¢a nig crN; Ca

Rbkber]y> nUvPaBCaGñkP\ak´rB\kç sTÆmμ 7ç

buK<leZVIxøÜnoekþARkhaydUecñaHeT .

bNÐit Kb|IRCabza eQμaHza crN; .

rU:vcrQan 4

EmnBit

Zm(TaMg 15

RBHmanRBHPaK

y¨agenHÉg elakehAza crN; eRBaHCapøÚvedIreTAdl´TisEdl

pøÚvesþcyageTAlÁ 1

minsøab´ énRBHGriysav&k .

EdllÁ 1

smdUcCaRBHGannÞetær eBalza

²mñalmhanam RBHGriysav&k kñúgRBHZmμvin&yenH ‘1’ CaGñkman 1-

suÇ mÇ mÇ

PaKTI 23 TMB&rTI 43 .

RTg´RBHnamza

suKeta

eRBaHRBHGg<man

eRBaHRBHGg<esþcyageTAehIykan´TIkEnøg

eRBaHRBHGg<esþcyageTAehIy edayRbéB 1

eRBaH

RBHGg<RTg´Rtas´ehIy edayRbéB 1 . eRBaHzasUm|IkareTA‘Kmn;’ k*ehAza ²Kt;³ .

k*kareTAenaH


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445

446

y¨ag

RBHBuTÆRBHnamTIbg,r drabdl´kalEdlRBHeBaZiJ¦aNCak´c|as´

brisuTÆ minmaneTas . sYrza ²k*kareTAenaHKÅGVI/³ . eqøIyza

nig esþcyageTAehIy mincUleTACitGnþZm(TaMgenH KÅssSt;

²KÅGriymK<³ . EmnBit RBHmanRBHPaKGg<enaHRTg´minCab´CMBak´

óecäT; kamsux; Gtþkilmz; eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbRTg´RBHnamza

esþcyageTAkan´Tisd*ekSm:n k*eRBaHkareTAenaH eRBaHehtuenaH

suKeta eRBaHRBHGg<esþcyageTAehIy edayRbéBRbkar 1 .

rbs´RBHmanRBHPaKGg<enaH

CakareTAlÁ

KÅCadMeNIreTA

eTIbRTg´RBHnam za suKeta eRBaHRBHGg<CaGñkmanpøÚvesþcyag eTAy¨aglÁ . mYyeT[t

RBHmanRBHPaKGg<enaH

RTg´esþcyageTAkan´TI

eRBaHRBHGg<esþcyageTAehIykan´TIkEnøgEdllÁRbkar 1 . müa¨geT[t RBHGg<esþcyageTAehIy edayRbéB KÅminRTg´ vilRtLb´mkkan´kielsTaMgLay ehIy edaymK<enaH> CazμImþgeT[t .

.l.

RbéBRbkar 1 . enH CasURtsMrab´CaóTahrN¾ kñúgesckþIenaH

KÅ ;

‘1’ RBHtzaKt RTg´RCab nUvRBHvacaNa EdlCaRBHvaca

minCaTIRsLaj´ minCaTIeBjcitþ dl´BYkCndéTpgç RBHtzaKt

RBHGg<eTIbRTg´RBHnamza

ehIy edayGrhtþmK<ç RBHGg< minmk minvilmk minvilRtLb´ eRBaHehtuenaH

RBHGg<eTIbRTg´

RBHnamza suKeta ³ dUecñH .

minRtas´nUvRBHvacaenaHeT . ‘2’ RBHtzaKt sUm|IRTg´RCab nUvRBHvacaNa EdlCaRBH vacaBit eT[g

‘Et’ minRbkbedayRbeyaCn¾ nig vacaenaH Ca

vacaminCaTIRsLaj´

minCaTIeBjcitþ

dl´BYkCndéTpgç

RBH

tzaKt k*minRTg´Rtas´ nUvRBHvacaenaHEdr . ‘3’

cMENkRBHvacaNa RBHtzaKt RTg´RCabza CavacaBit

eT[g RbkbedayRbeyaCn¾ nig vacaenaH CavacaminCaTIRsLaj´

müa¨geT[t RBHGg<esþcyageTAehIy edayRbéB KÅRTg´eZVIEt RbeyaCn¾ nig esckþIsux dl´elakTaMgBYg edaysmμabdibtþi eRBaHRTg´:nbMeBjRBH:rmI 30

suKeta eRBaHRBHGg<RTg´Rtas´ eday

smdUcCaRBHGg<Rtas´za

kielsTaMgLayNa EdlRBHGg<RTg´lH:n

mkkan´kielsTaMgLayenaHeT

eTIbRTg´RBHnamza

minBit mineT[g minRbkbedayRbeyaCn¾ nig vacaenaH Cavaca

btþimK<ç RBHGg< minmk minvilmk minvilRtLb´mkkan´kiels eRBaHehtudUecñaH

enaH

EdlRBHGg<RTg´lHbg´:n

²kielsTaMgLayNa EdlRBHGg<RTg´lH:nehIy edayesata

suKeta

mYyeT[t RBHmanRBHPaKRBHGg<enaH RTg´Rtas´ edayRbéB KÅRTg´Rtas´EtRBHtRmas´d*smKYr kñúgfan;EdlsmKYr eRBaHehtu

kEnøgd*lÁ KÅGmtniBVan eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbRTg´RBHnamza suKeta

TaMgLayenaHeT

qGnusStinieTÞs

cab´edImtaMgGMBIRBH:TmUl én

minCaTIeBjcitþ

dl´BYkCndéTpgç

kñúgdMeNIrenaH

RBHtzaKt

CaGñkRCabnUvkal edIm|IBüakrnUvRBHvacaenaH . ‘4’ RBHtzaKt RTg´RCabnUvRBHvacaNa EdlCaRBHvacamin


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448

qGnusStinieTÞs

Bit mineT[g minRbkbedayRbeyaCn¾ eTaHCavacaenaH CavacaCaTI

KÅbuK<lKb|Idwg Kb|IeXIj Kb|Idl´ edaykaredIreTA dUecñHeLIyç

RsLaj´ CaTIeBjcitþ dl´BYkCndéTç RBHtzaKtk*minRTg´Rtas´

mñalGavuesa!

nUvRBHvacaenaHEdr .

ehIy k*mineBalnUvkareZVITIbMputénTuk¡eLIyç mñalGavuesa mYy

‘5’ sUm|IvacaNa RBHtzaKtRCabza CavacaBit eT[g ‘Et’

vijeT[t

mYyeT[t ebItzaKt min:ndl´nUvTIbMputénelak

tzaKt bJ¦tþ nUvelak KÅTuk¡pg elaksmuTy;pg

minRbkbedayRbeyaCn¾ç eTaHbIvacaenaH CavacaCaTIRsLaj´ Ca

elaknieraZpg

TIeBjcitþ dl´BYkCndéTç sUm|IvacaenaH k*RBHtzaKt minRTg´

mYyBüamenHÉg EdlRbkbedaysJ¦apg Rbkbedaycitþpg .

Rtas´Edr . ‘6’ cMENkvacaNa RBHtzaKtRTg´RCabza CavacaBit eT[g RbkbedayRbeyaCn¾ nig vacaenaH CavacaCaTIRsLaj´CaTIeBj citþ dl´BYkCndéTpgç kñúgdMeNIrenaH RBHtzaKt CaGñkRCabnUv kal edIm|IBüakrRBHvacaenaH ‘1’ ³ dUecñH . RBHmanRBHPaKGg<enaH bNÐit Kb|IRCabza ²RTg´RBHnamza

suKeta³ eRBaHRBHGg<RTg´Rtas´ edayRbéB dUc:nBN(namk enHÉg Rbkar 1 . ‘130’ k*RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´RBHnamza elakviTU k*eRBaH RBHGg<RTg´RCabelak edayRbkarTaMgBYgBit .

EmnBit RBHman

RBHPaKGg<enaH RTg´:nRCab KÅRTg´:nyl´ RTg´:nRCabc|as´ nUvelak edayRbkarTaMgBYg KÅ; edaysPav;ç edaysmuTy;ç edaynieraZ;ç edayó:yénnieraZ smdUcRBHGg<Rtas´za; mñal Gavuesa buK<lminekIt mincas´ minsøab´ mincüút minbdisnÆi kñúgTIbMputénelakNaç tzaKt mineBalnUvTIbMputénelakenaH za 1- suÇ mÇ PaKTI 23 TMB&rTI 156-157 .

elaknieraZKaminIbdibTapg

kñúgGtþPaBRbmaN

TIbMputénelak buK<lminKb|Idl´ edaykaredIreTA ‘edayeCIg’ kñúgkalNamþgeLIyç mYyeT[t kar minTan´:ndl´nUvTIbMputénelak eQμaHza min:n rYccakTuk¡eLIyç eRBaHehtuenaHÉg RBHd*manRBH PaKRTg´RCabc|as´nUvelak RTg´manbJ¦alÁ RTg´ dl´nUvTIbMputénelak

RTg´RbRBwtþcb´RBhμcriy;

ehIy RTg´man:brmáab´bg´ehIy RTg´RCabc|as´ nUvTIbMput énelak RTg´minR:zña nUvelakenH nig elakxagmuxeLIy

‘1’

.

n&ymYyeT[t elakman 3 KÅ ; sg¡arelakç Okaselak . kñúgelakTaMg 3 enaH sg¡arelak

stVelakç bNÐit Kb|I

RCab kñúgGaKtdðan za ²elakmYy KW stVTaMgLayTaMgBYg taMg

enA:n edaysarGahar

‘2’ ³ .

stVelak bNÐit Kb|IRCab

kñúgGaKtdðan za ²elakeT[g³ xøH za ²elakmineT[g ‘3’ ³ xøH . 1–suÇ PaK42 TMB&r117. 2-suÇ PaK69 TMB&r275. 3-PaK24 TMB&r8 .


visuTÆimK< ERb

449

Okaselak bNÐitKb|IRCab kñúgGaKtdðan za ;

suemruç TisTaMgLay EtgPøWsVagruger]g rhUtTIman kMNt´RtwmNaç elak manmYyBan´cMENk rhUtTI mankMNt´RtwmenaHç GMNacrbs´RBHGg< EtgRbRBwtþ ‘1’ .

RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´:nRCabnUvelakTaMg 3 enaHÉg eday RbkarTaMgBYg .

BitEmndUecñaH sUm|Isg¡arelakenH KÅelakmYy

KÅstVTaMgLayTaMgBYg taMgenA:n edaysarGaharç

elak 2

KÅnam 1 rUb 1ç elak 3 KÅevTna 3ç elak 4 KÅGahar 4ç elak 5 KÅó:Tank¡nÆ 5ç

9ç elak 10 KÅ Gaytn; 10ç elak 12 KÅGaytn; 12ç elak 18 KÅZatu 18 KÅRBHmanRBHPaKGg<enaH RTg´RCabehIy

RTg´RCabnUvGasy;

mYyeT[t

RBHmanRBHPaKRBHGg<enaH

‘q&nÞ;CaTIedkéncitþ’

‘kielsCaeRK]gedkenAer]y>’

RTg´RCabnUvGnusy;

RTg´RCabnUvcrit

RTg´RCabnUv

GZimutþi ‘karbegÁanciitþcUleTA’ énstVTaMgLayTaMgBYg RTg´RCab nUvstVTaMgLay EdlmankielsdUcCaZUlIkñúgEPñktic Edlman kielsdUcCaZUlIkñúgEPñkeRcIn

Edlman«®nÞIy¾cas´køa Edlman

1– suÇ xuÇ PaKTI 22 TMB&r 368 .

2– suÇ xuÇ PaK 69 TMB&r 275 .

manGakar;lÁ

manGakar;GaRkk´

EdlKb|Io

dwg:n edaygay EdlKb|Iodwg:nedaylM:k CastVKYr Ca stVGP&B eRBaHehtuNaç eRBaHehtuenaH sUm|IstVelak k*RBH Gg<RTg´:nRCabehIy edayRbkarTaMgBYg . mYyeT[t stVelak KÅRBHGg<RTg´RCabehIy y¨agNaç

sUm|IOkaselak k*RBHGg<

RTg´RCabehIy y¨agenaHEdr . ‘TMhMénck,vaL’ BitdUecñaHEmn

ck,vaLmYyenH

manRbmaN 1ç203ç450 eyaCn¾ .

edaybeNþay

edayTTwg

EtedayCMuvij

brimNÐlTaMgGs´ ‘énck,vaLenaH’ manRbmaN 3ç610ç350 eyaCn¾ç

elak 6 KÅGaytn;xagkñúg 6ç elak

7 KÅviJ¦aNdðiti 7ç elak 8 KÅelakZm( 8ç elak 9 KÅstþavas

edayRbkarTaMgBYg ‘2’ .

qGnusStinieTÞs

«®nÞIy¾Tn´exSay

RBHc&nÞ nig RBHGaTitüTaMgLay edIrRkLwgCMuvijPñM

eTA kñúgelakTaMgLayenaH

450

‘kRmas´énEpndI’ kñúgck,vaLenaH

EpndIenH eBaledaykRmas´ manRbmaNb¨ueNÑH KW 240ç000 eyaCn¾ç ‘kRmas´énTwkRTEpndI’ eRK]gsRmab´RTnUvEpndIenaHÉg KÅ

TwkfitenAelIxül´ edaykRmas´ manRbmaN b¨ueNÑH KW 480ç000 eyaCn¾ç eRK]gsRmab´RTnUvTwkenaHÉg KÅ ;

xül´Edlrsat´eTA

elIBBk

manRbmaN

960ç000 eyaCn¾ç enHCakartaMgenARBménelakç


visuTÆimK< ERb

451

452

qGnusStinieTÞs

‘TMhMénPñMRBHsuemru’

k*TMhMénedImCm¬ÚenHÉNaç TMhMenHn@uHÉg CaTMhMénedIm ciRt:dlI

mYyeT[t kñúgck,vaLEdltaMgenARBm y¨agenHenaH man

‘Rcen[g’ rbs´GsurTaMgLay edImKr rbs´RKuDTaMgLay edIm

PñMRBHsuemru CaPñMEdlmankMBs´x¬s´bMput eRCAcuH

eTA kñúgmhasmuRT 84ç000 eyaCn¾ç x¬s´eLIg

eTAelI k*manRbmaNb¨ueNÑaHEdrç

PñMZMTaMgLay KW PñMyuKnÆr PñM«sinÆr; PñMkrvIk;

PñMsuTsSn; PñMniminÆr; PñMvintk; PñMGsSkNÑ; Edl viciRtehIy edayrtn;epSg> eRb[bdUcCaPñMTiBV eRCA cuHeTAeRkam

nig

eLIgx¬s´eTAelI

edayRbmaN

Bak´kNþal> GMBIRbmaN énPñMRBHsuemruenaH eTA tamlMdab´ç

PñMZMTaMg 7 enaH ‘fitenA’ edayCMuvij énPñMRBH

suemru

CaTIGaRs&yenA

rbs´mharaC

eTvta nig ykSGaRs&yenAç

CaTIEdl

PñMhimva x¬s´ 500 eyaCn¾ edaybeNþay nig

kTm¬ ‘kÞm¬’ kñúgGbreKayanTVIb edImkb|RBwkS kñúgótþrkuruTVIb edIm eRcs kñúgbuBVvieThTVIb edImrlYspÁúg kñúgfantavtþigS eRBaHehtu enaH eTIbburaNacarü eBalza ;

edImRcen[g edImKr edImCm¬Ú edImrlYspÁúg rbs´ BYkeTvta edImkÞm¬ edImkb|RBwkS nig edImTI 7 KW edImeRcs dUecñHç ‘TMhMénPñMck,vaL’

PñMck,vaL eyaCn¾

eRCAcuHeTA

x¬s´eLIgeTAelI

kñúgelakZatuenaH

eyaCn¾ manedImx¬s´ 50 eyaCn¾ nig Emk 50

k*manTMhMb¨unKñaenaHEdrç

edayCMuvij

nig kMBs´eLIgeTAelI

k*RbEvgdUcKña

enaHEdrç edayGanuPaBénedImCm¬ÚÉNaç TVIbenH eTIb

elakRbkaseQμaHza Cm¬ÚTVIbç

k*RbmaNb¨uneNaHEdrç

‘TMhMénvimannigTVIb’

eyaCn¾ç

eyaCn¾ latsnÆwgeTA manRbEvg 100 eyaCn¾

82ç000

PñMck,vaLenH fitenAB&TÆCMuvijelakZatuTaMgGs´enaHç

TTwg 3ç000 eyaCn¾ Rbdab´edaykMBUl 84ç000ç

edImCm¬Ú eQμaHnK; edayCMuvijedIm man 15

kñúgmhasmuRT

mNÐl

énRBHc&nÞ

manRbmaN

49

mNÐl énRBHGaTitümanRbmaN 50 eyaCn¾ç viman

tavtþigSman 10ç000 eyaCn¾ç vimanGsurç mhaGvIcinrkç Cm¬ÚTIVb

buBVvieThTIVb

GbreKayanTVIb man 7ç000 eyaCn¾ç

k*manTMhMdUcKñaenaHEdrç

ótþrkuruTVIb manRbmaN

8ç000 eyaCn¾ç

mYyeT[t

kñúgelakZatuenaH TVIbZM TIVbmYy>

manTIVbEdltUc>

CabrivarTIVbmYy> 500 .

Cack,vaL 1 eQμaHza elakZatu 1ç

rbs´TaMgGs´enaH

kñúgcenøaH énelakZatuTaMg


visuTÆimK< ERb

453

Lay manelaknþriynrk 1 . RBHd*manRBHPaK nUvGnnþck,vaL

qGnusStinieTÞs

Lay manCaGaTi¾za ²Gacarü rbs´x\Mú minman ‘1’ ³ dUecñH bNÐit

RTg´RCab

KÅRTg´yl´

GnnþelakZatuTaMgLay

ehIy edayRBHGnnþBuTÆJ¦aN .

RTg´RCabc|as´

manRbkardUceBalmk

sUm|IOkaselak k*RBHGg<

RTg´RCab edayRbkarTaMgBYg dUc:ner[brab´mkenHÉg . RBH manRBHPaK RTg´RBHnamza elakviTU

eRBaHRBHGg<RTg´RCabelak

edayRbkarTaMgBYg y¨agenHÉg Rbkar 1 . ‘131’

454

k*buK<lEdléRkElg

Kb|IeZVIoBisþar edayRbkardUecñH . RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´RBHnamza burisTmμsarzi eRBaHRTg´júaMg buK<lEdlKYrTUnμanTaMgLayorlwk .

GZib|ayza ²RTg´hVwk

KÅRTg´naMeTAedayviess³ . buK<lTaMgLayEdlminTan´:nhVwk EtKYredIm|InwgTUnμan:n eTaHCastVtircäaneQμalkþI CamnusSRbus kþI CaGmnusSRbuskþI eQμaHza bursEdlKYrTUnμan:n kñúgbTza

CagRBHd*manRBHPaKGg<enaH

minman eRBaHminmanGñkNamñak´ viessCagRBHGg< edayKuN TaMgLay eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbRTg´:nRBHnamza Gnutþera .

Bit

²burisTmμsarzi³ enaH .

BitEmndUecñaH sUm|IstVtircäaneQμal

TaMgLay dUcGblalnaKraC cUeLaTrnaKraC mehaTrnaKraC GK<isixnaKraC ZUmsixnaKraC GalvaLnaKraC dMrIeQμaHZn:l

EmndUecñaH RBHmanRBHPaKGg<enaH EtgRKbsg,t´nUvelakTaMgBYg

dUecñHCaedIm

edaysIlKuNpg edaysmaZiKuNç bJ¦aKuNç vimutþiKuN nig

ehIy RTg´ofitenAcMeBaHehIy kñúgsrN; nig sIlTaMgLayç

vimutþiJ¦aNTsSnKuNpgç

sUm|ImnusSRbusTaMgLay

RBHGg<

minmanbuK<lesμI

esμIeday

RBHGg< minmanbuK<lesμI minmanbuK<leRb[besμI minmancMENk eRb[b minmanbuK<leRb[bdUc edaysIlKuNpg .l. eday vimutþiJ¦aNTsSnKuNpg . TaMgLay!

smdUcRBHGg<Rtas´za ²mñalPikú¡

EttzaKt minBicarNaeXIjnUvsmN; ß RBahμN¾

Edldl´RBmedaysIl éRkElgCagtzaKt kñúgelak RBmTaMg marelak RBhμelak

.l.

kñúgBYkstV RBmTaMgeTvta nig

mnusSenHeLIy ‘1’ ³ dUecñHCaedIm .

bNÐit Kb|IRCabesckþI

Bisþar . sURtTaMgLay manGK<b|saTsURtCaedIm nig KazaTaMg 1- suÇ sMÇ sKÇ PaKTI 30 TMB&rTI 31 .

KÅRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´hVwkehIy

KÅRTg´eZVIoGs´Bis

mansc©kniRKnÆbuRt

Gm¬dðmaNB

e:k¡rsatiRBahμN¾ esaNTNÐRBahμN¾ kUdTNÐRBahμN¾ Ca edIm sUm|IGmnusSRbusTaMgLay manGaLvkykS sUcielamykS xrelamykS nig sk,eTvraCCaedIm k*RBHGg<RTg´TUnμan:n ehIy

KÅRTg´ENnaM:nehIy

edayó:yeRK]gENnaMTaMgLay

d*viciRt . mYyeT[t kñúgesckþIenH RBHsURtenHza ²mñaleksI tzaKt rEmgENnaM nUvbursEdlKYrTUnμanTaMgLay edaylÁxøH edayGaRkk´xøH rEmgENnaMedaylÁ nig edayGaRkk´xøH ‘2’ ³ dUecñHCaedIm

bNÐitKb|I‘sMEdg’ oBisþar .

1– suÇ mÇ PaKTI 21 TMB&r 154 .

mYyvijeT[t RBH

2– suÇ GMÇ PaKTI 42 TMB&rTI 283 .


visuTÆimK< ERb

455

456

qGnusStinieTÞs

manRBHPaK kalRTg´Rtas´Bnül´ nUvKuNviess manbfmCÄan

qøg oqøgeLIg oqøgec[secj GMBIpøÚvlM:kKÅminmanTwk o

CaedIm dl´buK<lTaMgLay manbuK<lGñkmansIlbrisuTÆCaedIm

dl´PUmiEpndI d*ekSmkSanþ y¨agNaç

nig RTg´Rtas´Bnül´ nUvbdibTamK< EdlRbesIrx¬g´x¬s´ dl´RBH

sasþa RTg´CaGñknaMBYk RTg´júaMgstV oqøgpøÚvlM:kKÅPB oqøg

GriybuK<lTaMgLay manesatabnñCaedIm k*eQμaHza RTg´TUnμan

pøÚvlM:k KÅCati ‘1’ ³ dUecñHCaedIm k*y¨agenaHEdr .

nUvbuK<lEdlTUnμanehIyEmnBit . müa¨gvijeT[t 2 bTza ²Gnutþera burisTmμsarzi³ enH Ca bTsMEdgesckþIEtmYyn@uHÉg .

eRBaHza RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´

ENnaMnUvbursEdlKYrTUnμanTaMgLay

dUcCabuK<lTaMgLayGg<úy

eZVIsmaZi kñúgTIEtmYyn@uHÉg sÞúHeTA:n 8 Tis minCab´CMBak´ y¨agdUecñaH eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbbNÐit zVayRBHnamza ²RTg´EN naM nUvbursEdlKYrTUnμan:n minmanbuK<léRkElgCag³ dUecñH . mYyeT[t kñúgesckþIenH RBHsURtenHza ²mñalPik¡úTaMgLay dMrI EdlKYrhVwk KÅbuK<lGñkhVwkdMrI breTAehIy rEmgsÞúHeTAkan´Tis EtmYyeT ‘1’³ dUecñHCaedIm bNÐitKb|I ‘sMEdg’ oBisþar . ‘132’ RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´RBHnamza ²stæa³ eRBaHRTg´ eRb[nRbedAer]y> edayRbeyaCn¾ kñúgelakenHç RbeyaCn¾ kñúg elakxagmux nig RbeyaCn¾d*x¬g´x¬s´ tamsmKYr .

mYyeT[t

RTg´RBHnamza ²stæa³ :nn&yzaRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´CaGñknaMBYkç

RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´CaRBH

Baküza ²eTvmnusSanM³ :ndl´ éneTvtaTaMgLaypg én mnusSTaMgLaypg .

Baküza ²eTvmnusSanM³ enH RBHGg<Rtas´

ehIy edayGMNacénkarkMNt´evenyüstVzñak´óRkidð nig eday GMNackarkMNt´ykevenyüstVEdlCaPBVbuK<l . RBHmanRBHPaK

RTg´CaRBHsasþa

EttamBit

énstVtircäanTaMgLaypgEdr

edaykarRbTannUvRBHGnusasnI .

EmnBit stVtircäanTaMgLay

enaHÉg

k*edaysarEtkarsþab´nUvRBH

:ndl´óbnisS&ysm|tþi

Zm( rbs´RBHmanRBHPaKehIy CaGñkmancMENkénmK<pl kñúg GtþPaBTI2 ß TI3 eRBaHkardl´RBménóbnisS&yenaHÉg .

k*kñúg

esckþIenaH GñkEdl:nnUvóbnisS&ysm|tþi eRBaHkiriyasþab´nUv Zm( manmNÐúkeTvbuRtCaedIm CaóTahrN¾ . :n»mkza kalRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´sMEdgZm( dl´RbCaCn EdlenAkñúgTIRkugcm|a Ek|rmat´RcaMgénRsHe:k¡rNI eQμaHKK<raç stVkEg,bmYy :nkan´yknUvnimitþ kñúgsMeLg rbs´RBHmanRBH

esckþIGZib|ay kñúger]genaH bNÐitKb|IRCabtamn&y:lInieTÞs

PaK . bursciJ©wmkUneKamñak´ kaldak´eQIRct´cuH k*:nQrRct´

manCaGaTi¾za ²GñknaMBYkjúaMgBYkoqøgpøÚvlM:k KÅoqøgpøÚvlM:k

enAcMk|alstVkEg,benaHCab´

KÅecar 1-

oqøgpøÚvlM:kKÅstVsahav

oqøgpøÚvlM:kKÅTuriÖkS o

suÇ mÇ óÇ PaKTI 28 TMB&rTI 114 .

.

stVkEg,benaHsøab´

kñúgxN;

enaHPøamehIy :neTAekIt kñúgvimanmas kMBs´ 12 eyaCn¾ 1-

suÇ xuÇ cUÇ

PaKTI 68 TMB&rTI 184 .

kñúg


visuTÆimK< ERb

457

458

qGnusStinieTÞs

BueTÆa eRBaHRTg´RCabvtæúTaMgGs´

PBtavtþigS eRb[bdUcCalk´eTAehIy P\ak´eLIgvij eXIjxøÜnman

RBHmanRBHPaK

BYknageTBVGbSrecameram

²eGIhñ@!

enaHÉg edayGMNacénRBHjaNEdlekIt kñúgTIbMputénviemak¡ .

GatμaGj :neZVIkmμGVIhñ@/³

mYyeT[t RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´dwgnUvsc©;TaMg 4 edayRBH

kñúgvimanenaH

GatμaGj mkekIt kñúgTIenHehIyetI!ç dUecñH

k*BicarNaza

min:neXIjkmμGVImYydéTeRkAGMBIkarkan´yknUvnimitþ

sMeLg rbs´RBHmanRBHPaKeLIy .

RTg´RBHnamza

kñúg

Gg<Égpg RTg´júaMgstVTaMgLaydéTeT[t oRtas´dwgpg eRBaH

kñúgxN;enaHÉg mNÐúk-

ehtuNaç eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbRTg´RBHnamza BueTÆa eRBaHehtuTaMg

eTvbuRtenaH mk zVaybg<MRBH:TTaMgLay rbs´RBHmanRBHPaK

Lay dUc:neBalmkehIyenHÉgCaedIm .

RBmTaMgviman .

nUvesckþIenH

RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´RCabBit EtRTg´Rtas´sYrza ;

kñúg:lInieTÞskþI

n&y

kñúg:lIbdismÖiTakþI

TaMgGs´EdlRbRBwtþeTAehIy y¨agenHza ²RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´RBH

GñkNahñ@ ruger]g edayb\TÆi edayys manB(N sm|úrlÁsÁat júaMgTisTaMgBYg oPøWsVag zVaybgM< eCIgTaMgLay rbs´tzaKt .

namza ²BueTÆa³ eRBaHRTg´Rtas´dwg nUvsc©TaMgLayç

RTg´RBHnam

za ²BueTÆa³ eRBaHRTg´júaMgBYkstVoRtas´dwg ‘1’ ³ dUecñHCaedIm bNÐitKb|I ‘sMEdg’ o:nBisþar . ‘133’

mNÐúkeTvbuRtenaH RkabTUlRBHmanRBHPaK za ;

cMENkBaküza ²PKva³ enH CaBaküehARBHd*man

RBHPaKGg<enaH RBHGg<viessedayKuNç CaGñkRbesIrbMput nig

kñúgCatimun TUlRBHbg<M ekItCastVkEg,b CastVRtac´ rksIuenAtamTwk kñúgTwkç kalTUlRBHbg<M kMBugEt sþab´Zm( rbs´RBHd*manRBHPaKç bursGñkciJ©wmkUn eKa :nsmøab´ nUvTUlRBHbg<M .

CaRKU edayesckþIeKarB . eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbburaNacarü eBalehIy za ;

Baküza ²PKva³ CaBaküRbesIrç

Baküza ²PKva³

CaBaküRbesIrbMputç RBHmanRBHPaKGg<enaH RTg´Ca

RBHd*manRBHPaK RTg´sMEdgZm( dl´mNÐúkeTvbuRtenaH . karRtas´dwgZm( :nmanehIydl´stV 84ç000 .

n&y

k*edIm|Iodwgc|as´

cMENkÉ

eTvbuRt fitenAkñúgesatabtiþpl eZVIkaresIcehIyec[secjeTA. cMENkvtæúRKb´Ebby¨ag EdleQμaHza buK<lKb|Idwg k*manç

RKU RTg´RbkbedayKuNZm(rbs´RKU eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbRTg´RBHnamza ²PKva³ . müa¨gvijeT[t

nam man 4 y¨ag KÅ Gavtæiknam ‘namEdl

1- suÇ xuÇ cUÇ xuÇ bÇ PaKTI 68 TMB&rTI 107 .


visuTÆimK< ERb ehAeTAtamkalsm&y’

lig<iknam

enmitþiknam ‘namEdlCanimitþ’ eLIgZmμta>’ .

459

‘namEdlehAeTAtamePT’

GZic©smub|nñnam ‘namEdltaMg

manBaküGZib|ayza ²namEdltaMgeLIg tam

esckþIR:zñatamevaharrbs´elak eQμaHza GZic©smub|nñnam³ . kñúgnamTaMg 4 enaH namdUcCa ²vecäa kUneKaç Temμa eKaEdl eKhVwkç BliBeTÆa eKaeRbI³ dUecñHCaedIm eQμaHza Gavtæiknam . namdUcCa ²TNÐI mnusSmaneQIRct´ç qtþI mnusSmanq&Rtç sixI stVmansirç ligi<knam .

krI stVmanRbemay³ y¨agdUecñHCaedIm eQμaHza namdUcCa ²etvieC¢a GñkmanviC¢a 3ç

qLPieJ¦a

Gñk:nGPiJ¦a 6³ dUecñHCaedIm eQμaHza enmitiþknam .

namEdl

taMgeLIg minKitdl´esckþIénBakü dUcCa ²sirIvD¿eka GñkcMerIn edaysirIç

ZnvD¿eka

GñkcMerInedayRTBü³

y¨agdUecñHCaedIm

cMENkRBHnamza ²PKva³ enHCaenmitþiknamç RBHnagmha min:ntaMgzVayç

RBH:TsueTÆaTnmharaC

min:ntaMg

zVayç RBHjati 84ç000 k*min:ntaMgzVayç eTvta viessTaMg Lay mansk,eTvraC nig snþúsiteTvbuRtCaedIm k*min:ntaMg zVay .

EmnBit BaküenH RBHZmμesnabtI :neBalehIyza

²RBHnamza PKva enaH RBHmatamin:ntaMgzVay .l. RBHnam enaH Caviemak¡nþiknam RBHnamEdlekIt kñúgTIbMputénviemak¡ RBm TaMgkar:nnUvsBVJ¦útJ¦aN RBHPaK

qGnusStinieTÞs

taMgeLIgeRBaHRtas´dwgZm(Cak´c|as´ç RBHnamenHKÅGVI /ç RBHnam enH KÅ PKva ‘1’ ³ dUecñH . k*RBHnamenaH manKuNNaCanimitþç edIm|IsMEdgnUvKuNTaMg LayenaH RBHsg<ItikacarüTaMgLay eBalnUvKazaenH za ;

RBHd*manRBHPaKGg<enaH RTg´RBHnamza PKva eRBaH CaPKI GñkmaneCaKç eRBaHCaPCI GñkesBç eRBaHCa PaKI GñkmancMENkç eRBaHCaviPtþva GñkcMENkç eRBaH:neZVInUvkarbM:k´ nUvkielsç eRBaHmanPaKü; GñkmanbuNü:rmIç

eRBaHCaRKUç eRBaHCasuPa-

vittþena RTg´Gb´rMRBHGg<lÁehIy edayjaNTaMg Layd*eRcInç eRBaHCaPvnþK; Gñkdl´TIbMputénPB . k*esckþIGZib|ay énbTTaMgLayenaH> kñúgKazaenaH bNÐit

eQμaHza GZic©smub|nñnam .

maya

460

eRkamedImeBaZiRBwkS

RBHBuTÆCam©as´TaMgLayç

énRBHd*man

RBHnamenaH CascäikabJ¦tiþ

Kb|IeXIj tamn&yEdl:neBalmkehIy kñúgnieTÞsenaHÉg . cMENkn&yenH Can&ymYyepSgeT[t KÅ ;

RBHmanRBHPaK RBHGg<CaGñkmanPaKü; CaGñkkac´ bM:k´ CaGñkRbkb edayPKZm(TaMgLay CaGñk cMENk CaGñkesB CaGñkkMcat´nUvkarRtac´eTA kñúg PBTaMgLay eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbRTg´RBHnam za PKva . 1- suÇ xuÇ cUÇ

PaKTI 67 TMB&rTI 16 .


visuTÆimK< ERb

461

bNþabTTaMgenaH bNÐit Kb|IRCabza ; elakkan´yknUv nirutþilk¡N;

manlk¡N;

vNÑvibriyaeya

CaGaTi¾za

²vNÑaKema cuHtYGkSrzμIç

462

qGnusStinieTÞs

eRBaHehtuenaH kalebIRtUveBalza ²PK<va³ eRBaHRTg´kac´bM:k´ GnþrayTaMgLayenaHGs´ehIy EteBalza ²PKva³ dUecñH . EmnBit kñúgesckþIenH elakeBalza ;

pøas´tYGkSr³ dUecñH ßk* kan´yknUvlk¡N; KÅ

karrYmbJ©Úl kñúgs&BÞmanbiesaTrs&BÞCaedIm edayn&y éns&BÞsa®sþç

RBHmanRBHPaKGg<enaH RTg´manPaKü; KÅRBH:rmI man

Tan:rmI

nig

sIl:rmICaedIm

EdlRbesIrx¬g´x¬s´

RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´CaGñkkac´bM:k´raK; CaGñkkac´ bM:k´eTas;

GacjúaMg

Gasv;

esckþIsuxEdlCaelakiy; nig elakutþr; oekIteLIg:n eRBaH

mYyeT[t

RBHmanRBHPaKGg<enaH

RTg´kac´bM:k´kiels

EdleZVIesckþIRkvl´Rkvay nig esckþIekþARkhayTaMgBYg :n rab´Esny¨ag KÅ RbePTelaP;ç eTas;ç emah;ç kareZVITukkñúgcitþ vibritþç Ghirik;ç Genatþb|;ç ekaZ;ç óbnah;ç mk¡;ç blas;ç «sSaç mcäriy;ç mayaç saezyü;ç zmÖ;ç sarmÖ;ç manHç GtimanHç mT;ç bmaT;ç tNØaç GviC¢aç GkuslmUl 3ç Tuc©rit 3ç sg,iels 3ç ml; 3ç vism; 3ç sJ¦a 3ç vitk,; 3ç bbJ© 3ç vibrieys; 4ç Gasv; 4ç KNð; 4ç OX; 4ç eyaK; 4ç GKti 4ç tNØú:Tan 4ç ecetaxIl; 5ç viniBnÆ; 5ç nIvrN; 5ç GPinnÞ; 5ç vivaTmUl 6ç kgéntNØa 6ç Gnusy; 7ç micätþ; 8ç tNØamUlk; 9ç Gkuslkmμbz 10ç TidðiKt; 62ç tNØavibritþ 108 ßza edayseg¡b RTg´kac´bM:k´ nUvmarTaMg 5 KÅ kielsmarç xnÆmarç GPisg¡armarç

eTvbutþmar

nig mc©úmar eRBaHehtuNaç

CaGñkminman

CaGñkkac´bM:k´:bZm(TaMgLay:nehIy

eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbbNÐitzVayRBHnamza ²PKva³ .

ehtuNaç eRBaHehtuenaH kalebIRtUveBalza ²PaKüva³ k*eBal za ²PKva³ dUecñH .

CaGñkkac´bM:k´emah;

k*kardl´RBménRBHrUbkay

rbs´RBHmanRBHPaKGg<enaH

EdlRTRTg´nUvbuJ¦lk¡N; 100 KÅelaksMEdgehIy edayPav; énRBHGg<CaGñkmanbuNü:rmIç sMEdgehIy

kardl´RBménZmμkay

edayPav;énRBHGg<

KÅelak

CaGñkbM:k´eTas;:nehIyç

PaBénRBHGg< CaGñkKÅmnusS kñúgelak nig mnusSCitxagTaMg Lay

s<al´CaeRcInkþI

bBVCit

Kb|IeTArkkþI

PaBénRBHGg<

PaBCaGñkGg´Gac

CaGñkKÅBYkRKhsæ

nig

kñúgkarCYykMcat´esckþI

Tuk¡xagpøÚvkay nig pøÚvcitþ rbs´BYkCnTaMgLayenaH EdleTArk ehIykþI PaBCaGñkeZVIóbkar; dl´BYkCnTaMgenaH edayGamisTan nig ZmμTanTaMgLaykþI nig PaBCaGñkGackñúgkarjúaMgCnTaMgenaH oRbkbRBmedayesckþIsuxCaelakiy; nig esckþIsuxEdlCa elakutþr; KÅelaksMEdgehIyedayKuNsm|tþiTaMg 2 enaHEdr . mYyeT[t PK; s&BÞ kñúgelak rEmgRbRBwtþeTA kñúgZm(TaMg 6 y¨ag

KÅ; PaBCaZMç Zm(ç ysç sirIç kam nig esckþIBüayam .


visuTÆimK< ERb

463

464

qGnusStinieTÞs

k*PaBCaZM kñúgRBHhb\T&y rbs´xøÜnRBHGg<Ég énRBHmanRBHPaK

edayRbePTTaMgLaymanxnÆç Gaytn;ç Zatuç sc©;ç «®nÞIy¾ nig

enaH d*RbesIrk*man ßk* PaBCaZM EdlelaksnμtehIy mankar

bdic©smub|aT ß nUvGriysc© KÅTuk¡ edayGtæ KÅ eb[teb[nç RtUv

eZVIkayorYjtUc nig kareZVIkayoRsalCaedIm EdleBjbribUr

bc©&ytak´Etgç duteral nig ERbRbYlç nUvGriysc© KÅsmuTy;

edayGakar;RKb´y¨ag rbs´RBHmanRBHPaKGg<enaH k*manç eday

edayGtæ KÅRbmUlmk ‘nUvTuk¡’ Caehtu ‘énTuk¡’ cgP¢ab´ ‘CamYy

n&ydUcKñaenaHEdr

k*manç

Tuk¡’ nig esckþIkgVl´ ‘mino:ndl´mK<’ nUvGriysc© KÅnieraZ

RBHys rbs´RBHGg< R:kdc|as´ kñúgelakTaMg 3

CaRBHys

edayGtæ KÅ rlas´xøÜnecj ‘cakTuk¡’ sáb´sáat´ ‘cakTuk¡’ Kμan

EdlRBHGg<:nehIy

CaRBHys

bc©&ytak´Etg CaZmμCatminsøab´ nUvGriysc© KÅmK< edayGtæ KÅ

sÁatbrisuTÆd*éRkElg k*manç RBHsirIénRBHGvyv;tUc-ZM TaMgBYg

naMecj ‘cakTuk¡’ CaehtuénnieraZ CaeRK]geXIjRBHniBVan CaZM

bribUr edayGakar;RKb´y¨ag GacjúaMgesckþIRCHzøa kñúgEPñk nig

kñúgkareXIjGriysc© eRBaHehtuNaç eRBaHehtuenaH kalebIRtUv

RBHZm(EdlCaelakutþr;

rbs´RBHGg<

edayRBHKuNtamesckþIBit

citþ oekIteLIg dl´CnGñkxVl´xVay kñúgkaremIlnUvRBHrUbkay

eBalza ²viPtþva³ EteBalza ²PKva³ dUecñH .

k*manç kam; ‘esckþIR:zña’ Edlsm<al´za esckþIseRmc én

mYyeT[t RBHmanRBHPaKGg<enaH RTg´Kb´ KÅRTg´esB RTg´

RbeyaCn¾ EdlRTg´R:zñaehIyk*man eRBaHRbeyaCn¾Na> Edl

eZVIoeRcInnUvZm(EdlCaTiBVvihar RBhμvihar nig Griyvihar nUv

RBHGg<R:zñaehIy

eTaHCaRbeyaCn¾pÞal´RBHGg<kþI

kayvievk citþvievk nig óbZivievk nUvsuJ¦tviemak¡ GbNihit-

RbeyaCn¾énCndéTkþI RbeyaCn¾enaH> k*:nseRmcsm tamRBH

viemak¡ nig Gnimitþviemak¡ nig nUvótþrimnusSZm(TaMgLay EdlCa

bMNgTaMgenaHehIy

RtUvkarehIy

nig

esckþIBüayam

eBalKÅsmμavayam;

EdlCaehtuoekIteLIg énPaBCaRKUénelakTaMgBYg k*man eRBaH ehtuNaç eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbGñkR:C\ zVayRBHnamza ²PKva³ eRBaHGtæenHza ²RBHGg< RTg´manPKZm(³ eRBaHRTg´Rbkb eday PKZm(TaMgLayenH dUecñHRbkar 1 . mYyeT[t RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´RBHnamza viPtþva manBakü

elakiy; nig elakutþr;déTeT[t eRBaHehtuNaç eRBaHehtuenaH kalebIRtUveBalza ²Ptþva³ EteBalza ²PKva³ dUecñH . mYyvijeT[t eRBaHkareTA eBalKÅtNØa kñúgPBTaMg 3 KÅRBH Gg<RTg´x¢ak´ecalehIy

ehtuenaH

kalebIRtUveBalza

²Pevsu

vnþKmena³ Etelakyk P GkSr GMBI Pv s&BÞ K GkSr GMBI Kmn s&BÞ nig v GkSr GMBI vnþ s&BÞ eZVIoeTACaTIX; ehIyeBal

GZib|ayza RTg´cMENk RTg´ebIk RTg´sMEdgnUvZm(TaMgBYg eday

za ²PKva³ dUecñH

RbePTTaMgLay

²emhnsS xsS mala ‘mala énOkasEdlCaTIkM:Mg’³ dUecñH

mankuslCaedIm

ß nUvZm(

mankuslCaedIm

eRb[bdUcCakñúgpøÚvelak kalebIRtUveBalza


visuTÆimK< ERb EtGñkR:C\ ‘yk em GMBI emhnsSç

465

x

GMBI xsSç la GMBI

kalebIRBHeyaKIenaH rlwknUvKuN rbs´RBHBuTÆ za

²RBHd*manRBHPaKGg<enaH CaRBH GrhM eRBaHehtuenHpg eRBaH .l.

RBHd*manRBHPaKGg<enaH CaRBH PKva eRBaH

ehtuenHpg³ dUecñHç

kñúgsm&yenaH citþ rbs´RBHeyaKIenaH Ca

ehtuenHpg

CaQanmindl´Gb|na dl´RtwmEtóbcar;b¨ueNÑaH eRBaHPav;énRBH

begÁaneTAkñúgkarrlwker]y>nUvRBHKuNmanRbkarepSg> . Qan enaHn@uH rEmgdl´nUvkarrab´ za ²BuTÆanusSti³ hñwgÉg eRBaHCa Qan

kñúgsm&yenaH citþ rbs´RBH

eyaKIenaH CacitþEdledIreTARtg´ EmnBit R:rBÆnUvRBHtzaKt . kalebIRBHeyaKIenaH

sg,t´sg,innIvrNZm(:nehIy

edaykar

minmanbriyudðankiels manraK;CaedIm y¨agdUecñHehIy eQμaHza mancitþedIreTARtg´ eRBaHPav;CaGñkmancitþeq¬aHeTArkkmμdðanç vitk,; nig vicar; EdlbegÁaneTArkKuNRBHBuTÆ rEmgRbRBwtþeTA y¨agenH Ég .

kalebIRBHeyaKIenaH RtiHriH BicarNaer]y> nUvKuNRBH

BuTÆç bIti rEmgekIteLIg .

esckþIRkvl´RkvayxagpøÚvkay nig

citþ rbs´RBHeyaKI GñkmancitþRbkb edaybIti rEmgsáb´rmáab´ eRBaHesckþIsáb´rmáab´ EdlmanbIti CabTdðan .

esckþIsuxEdl

EdlekIteLIg

edayGMNacénkarrlwker]y>

dl´KuN

rbs´RBHBuTÆ . ‘GanisgScMerInBuTÆanusSti’

citþEdlraK; rYbrwtmin:n CacitþEdleTas; rYbrwtmin:n Cacitþ Edlemah; rUbrwtmin:nEmnBitç

qGnusStinieTÞs

BuTÆKuNTaMgLay CaGarmμN¾EdlRCaleRCA ß eRBaHPav;éncitþ

mala ehIy’ eBalza ²emxla³ y¨agenaHÉg . ‘134’

466

k*Pik¡úGñkRbkber]y>

nUvBuTÆanusStienH

CaGñkmanesckþI

eKarB manesckþIekatERkgcMeBaHRBHsasþa rEmg:ncMeBaHnUvkar eBjbribUN(énsTÆa bJ¦a

nig

kareBjbribUN(énsti

kareBjbribUN(énbuNü

kareBjbribUN(én

CaGñkeRcIneTA

edaybIti

nig :emaC¢; Gt´Zn´cMeBaHP&y nig ehtuEdlKYroxøac CaGñkGac Gt´sg,t´esckþITuk¡ rEmg:ncMeBaHnUvesckþIsm<al´za dUcCa:n enArYmCamYynwgRBHsasþa . mYyeT[t sUm|IsrIr; rbs´Pik¡úenaH Edlkarrlwker]y> nUv KuNrbs´RBHBuTÆ RKb´RKgehIy CakayEdlKYrdl´karbUCa dUc CapÞHénectiy .

citþ rEmgbegÁancUleTAkñúgBuTÆPUmi .

mYYyvij

RbRBwtþeTA TaMgxagpøÚvkay TaMgxagpøÚvcitþ rEmgekIteLIg dl´RBH

eT[t kalebImankarCYbRbsb´nwgvtæúEdlKYrRbRBwtþelμIs hiri nig

eyaKIGñkmanesckþIRkvl´Rkvaysáb´rmáab´ehIy . citþ rbs´RBH

Otþb|; rEmgR:kddl´Pik¡úenaH dUcCaeXIjRBHsasþa enAcMeBaH

eyaKIGñkmanesckþIsux

mux .

rEmgtaMgenAmaMç

CacitþmanKuN

rbs´RBHBuTÆCaGarmμN¾

Gg<QanTaMgLay rEmgekIteLIg kñúgxN;Et

mYy edaylMdab´ dUc:nBN(namkenH . EtQanenH eQμaHza

mYyeT[t Pik¡ú kalminTan´cak´ZøúHnUvKuNZm(x¬g´x¬s´ rEmg

CaGñkmansuKtienAxagmux .

eRBaHehtuenaHÉg GñkmanbJ¦alÁ Kb|IeZVInUv


visuTÆimK< ERb

esckþIminRbmaT

kñúgBuTÆanusSti

467

Edlman

GanuPaBeRcIn y¨agenH RKb´> kal . enHCakzamux y¨agBisþar kñúgBuTÆanusSti Cabfm . v v v

‘karcMerInZmμanusSti’ ‘135’

sUm|IRBHeyaKI manR:zñanwgcMerInZmμanusSti k*Kb|I

CaGñkeTAkñúgTIsáat´ eKcecjGMBIBYk BYnsmáMenAehIy rlwkKuN TaMgLay énRBHbriytþiZm( nig RBHelakutþrZm( 9 Rbkar y¨ag enHza ²sVak¡aeta PKvta Zemμa snÞidðieka Gkalieka ÉhibsSieka

Obnyieka bc©tþM evTiteBVa viJ¦Úhi ³ dUecñH . k*kñúgbTza ²sVak¡aeta³ enH sUm|IRBHbriytþiZm( k*dl´nUvkar se®g<aHpgEdrç kñúgbTTaMgLayeRkAGMBIenH :ndl´ elakutþrZ(m Etmüa¨g . bNþaZm(TaMg 2 y¨agenaH dMbUg RBHbriytþiZm( eQμaH za sVak¡at; eRBaHPav;CaZm(manlMGbTedIm manlMGbTkNþal manlMGbTcug nig eRBaHPav;CaZm(RbkasRBhμcriy; RBmTaMg Gtæ RBmTaMgBüJ¢n; d*eBjbribUN( brisuTÆTaMgGs´ . EmnBit RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´dMEdgnUvRBHKazaNa sUm|ImYy bTç RBHKazaenaH CaKazamanlMGbTedIm edaybTCabfm man lMGbTkNþal edaybT TI2 nig bT TI3 manlMGbTcug eday bTxagcug eRBaHPav;énRBHZm( manesckþIlÁenACMuvij . RBHsURtEdlmanGnusnÆimYy CasURtmanlMGbTedIm eday

468

qGnusStinieTÞs

niTanvcn; manlMGbTcug edayniKmvcn; manlMGbTkNþal edayBaküd*ess. RBHsURtEdlmanGnusnÆiepSg> CasURtman lMGbTedIm edayGnusnÆiCabfm manlMGbTcug edayGnusnÆi xagcug manlMGbTkNþal edayGnusniÆ d*essTaMgLay . mYyvijeT[t RBHsURtenaH eQμaHza manlMGbTedIm eRBaHCaRBH sURt

EdlmanTaMgniTan

manlMGbTkNþal

manTaMgehtuEdlekIteLIg

eRBaHmanesckþIminvibritþ

nig

eQμaHza

eRBaHRbkb

edayehtu nig óTahrN¾ tamsmKYrdl´evenyüstVTaMgLay nig

eQμaHza

manlMGbTcug

eRBaHBaküniKmvcn;

EdljúaMg

kar:ncMeBaHnUvsTÆa oekIteLIg dl´BYkGñksþab´ . sasnZm(TaMgGs´ sIlEdlCaRbeyaCn¾

eQμaHza rbs´xøÜnç

CaZm(manlMGbTedIm eQμaHza

eRBaH

manlMGbTkNþal

eRBaHsmz; vibsSna mK< nig plTaMgLayç eQμaHza man lMGbTcug eRBaHRBHniBVank*:n . mYyeT[t sasnZm( eQμaHza manlMGbTedIm eRBaHsIl

nig smaZiç

eQμaHza manlMGbT

kNþal eRBaHvibsSna nig mK<ç eQμaHza manlMGbTcug eRBaH pl nig niBVan

.

sasnZm( eQμaHza manlMGbTedIm eRBaH

karRtas´dwgedayRbéB rbs´RBHBuTÆç manlMGbTkNþal eRBaH Pav;énRBHZm(CaZm(EdllÁRbéB manlMGbTcug eRBaHkarRbtibtþi lÁ rbs´RBHsg¹ .

ßk* sasnZm( eQμaHza manlMGbTedIm

eRBaHR:C\aeRK]gRtas´dwg d*éRkElg manlMGbTkNþal eRBaH R:C\aeRK]gRtas´dwg edaycMENkmYy manlMGbTxagcug eRBaH


visuTÆimK< ERb R:C\aeRK]gRtas´dwgénsavk

469

EdlbuK<lGñk:nsþab´nUvsasn-

Zm(enaHehIyRbtibtþiedIm|IkarRtas´dwgy¨agdUecñaH Kb|I:nsMerc. müa¨geT[t sasnZm(enaH KÅbuK<lkMBugsþab´ rEmgnaMmknUvesckþI lÁ edayBit sUm|Iedaykarsþab´ eRBaHRKbsg,t´nIvrNZm(:n ehIy eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbeQμaHza manlMGbTedImç buK<l kal Rbtibtþi

rEmgnaMmknUvesckþIlÁ

sUm|IedaykarRbtibtþi

eRBaHnaM

esckþIsux kñúgsmz; nig esckþIsux kñúgvibsSna mko eRBaH ehtuenaH eTIbeQμaHza manlMGbTkNþal nig buK<l Rbtibtþi ehIyy¨agdUecñaHç kalebIpl énkarRbtibtþi seRmcehIyç k* rEmgnaMmknUvesckþIlÁ

sUm|IedayplénkarRbtibtþi

eRBaHnaMnUv

PaBCaGñknwgZwgmko eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbeQμaHza manlMGbT cug edayRbkardUecñH . sasnZm(enaH eQμaHza CaZm(KÅRBHman RBHPaK

Rtas´sMEdgehIyedaylÁ

eRBaHCaZm(manlMGbTedImç

manlMGbTkNþal nig manlMGbTcug dUcBN(namkenHÉg . mYyeT[t RBHd*manRBHPaKGg<enaHkalRTg´sMEdgZm( rEmg Rbkas

KÅsMEdgedayn&yepSg>

nUvsasnRBhμcriyZm(

nig

mK<RBhμcriyZm(ÉNaç sasnRBhμcriyZm( nig mK<RBhμcriyZm(enaH

eQμaHza

satæ;

eRBaHdl´RBm

edayGtæ

eQμaHza

sBüB¢an; eRBaHdl´RBmedayBüJ¢n; tamsmKYr . eQμaHza satæ; eRBaHRbkbRBmedayGtæbT KÅsMEdgesckþI edayseg¡bç esckþIorak´

epþImRbkasç nig bJ¦tþiç

BRgIkesckþIç

cMENkesckþIç

eZVI

eQμaHza sBüJ¢n; eRBaHkardl´RBm

470

qGnusStinieTÞs

edayGk¡r;ç bTç BüB¢an;ç Gakar;ç nirutþi nig nieTÞs . eQμaHza

satæ; eRBaHPav;CaZm(RCaleRCA edayGtæ nig

eRBaHPav;CaZm(RCaleRCAedaybdievZç eQμaHza sBüB¢an; eRBaH RCaleCAedayZm( nig eRBaHRCaleRCAedayeTsna . eQμaHza satæ; eRBaHCavis&y énGtæb|dismÖiTa nig PaNb|dismÖiTaç

sBüB¢an;

eQμaHza

bdi-

eRBaHCavis&y én

Zmμb|dismÖiTa nig nirutþibdismÖiTa . eQμaHza satæ; eRBaHvieRKaHza júaMgbrik¡kCnoRCHzøa eRBaH CaZm( KÅGñkR:C\Kb|Idwgç

eQμaHza sBüB¢an; eRBaHvieRKaHza Ca

KuNjúaMgelakiyCnoRCHzøa eRBaHseTÆyüZm( . eQμaHza satæ; eRBaHmanesckþIGZib|ayRCAleRCAç eQμaH za sBüB¢an; eRBaHmanbTrak´ . eQμaHza

d*eBjbribUN(TaMgGs´ eRBaHPav;CaZm(eBjelj

bribUN(RKb´TaMgGs´ eRBaHminmanesckþIEdlRtUvbEnæmcUleTA . eQμaHza brisuTÆ eRBaHPav;CaZm(minmaneTas eRBaHminmanesckþI EdlRtUvnaMykecj . n&ymYyeT[t

satæ; eRBaHQøasév kñúgGZiKm

eQμaHza

edayesckþIRbtibtþiç eQμaHza sBüB¢an; eRBaHQøasévkñúgGaKm edaybriytþiç

eQμaHza

eBjbribUN(TaMgGs´

Zmμk¡nÆ 5 mansIlk¡nÆCaedImç óbk,iels eRBaHRbRBwtþeTA

eRBaHRbkbeday

eQμaHza brisuTÆ eRBaHminman

edIm|IRbeyaCn¾ dl´karrlas´ecj


visuTÆimK< ERb

471

nig eRBaHminmankarCab´CMBak´ kñúgelakamis eRBaHehtuenaH RBH

sVak¡atZm(

472

qGnusStinieTÞs

enaH RTg´bJ¦tþehIy edayRbéB dl´RBHsav&kTaMgLayç RBH

eRBaHRbkasRBhμcriy;

niBVan nig esckþIRbtibtþi rEmgeRb[beZ[bKña:n óbmadUcCaTwk

RBmTaMgGtæ RBmTaMgBüB¢an; eBjeljbribUN( brisuTÆTaMgGs´

kñúgTenøKg<a rEmgeRb[beZ[bKña:n rEmgcUlKña:nCamYynwgTwk

edayRbkardUecñHÉg .

kñúgTenøymuna y¨agNamijç

briytþiZm(enaH

eQμaHza

mYyeT[t briytþiZm(enaH eQμaHza sVak¡atZm( eRBaHRBHman RBHPaKRtas´ehIyedaylÁ

eRBaHminmankarvibløascakesckþI

dUcCaesckþIénZm( rbs´BYkGnütiriæy rEmgdl´nUvesckþIvibløas eRBaHPav;énZm( EdlelakeBal za ²CaZm(eZVInUvesckþIGnþray TaMgLay³ dUecñH minmanPaBCaZm(eZVInUvesckþIGnþrayeLIy nig eRBaHPav;CaZm( EdlelakeBal za ²CaniyüanikZm(³ k*minman PaBCaZm(naMecjcakTuk¡Edr

ehtuenaH

GnütiræiyTaMgLayenaH

k*esckþIRbtibtþi Edlodl´RBH

niBVan KÅRBHmanRBHPaKGg<enaH RTg´bJ¦tþehIy edayRbéB dl´ RBHsav&kTaMgLayç

RBHniBVan nig esckþIRbtibtþi

rEmgeRb[b

eZ[bnwgKña:n k*y¨agdUecñaHEdr ‘1’ ³ dUecñH . mYyvijeT[t

kñúgelakutþrZm(enaH

GriymK<

CapøÚvkNþal

mincUleTACitGnþZm(TaMg 2 y¨agn@uHÉg eQμaHza CaZm(KÅRBHGg< RTg´Rtas´ehIyedaylÁ eRBaHGriymK<enaH RBHGg<Rtas´ehIyza ²CamCÄimabdibTa³ .

samJ¦plTaMgLay Edlmankiels

y¨agNamijç

sáb´rmáab´ehIyn@uHÉg eQμaHza sVak¡atZm( eRBaHsamJ¦plenaH

esckþIénZm(rbs´RBHmanRBHPaK mindl´nUvesckþIvibløas y¨ag

Ég RBHGg<RTg´Rtas´ehIy za ²CaZmμCat mankielssáb´rmáab´

dUecñaHeLIy eRBaHZm(EdlRBHGg<Rtas´ehIy y¨agenHza ²Zm(TaMg

ehIy³ dUecñH .

LayenH CaZm(eZVInUvesckþIGnþrayç Zm(TaMgLayenH CaZm(naMo

sPav;CaTIBwg nig sPav;CaTIRCkekanhñwgÉg eQμaHza sVak¡at-

ecjcakTuk¡³ dUecñHehIy minRbRBwtþknøgnUvPaBy¨agdUecñaHeLIy.

Zm( eRBaHRBHniBVanenaHÉg RBHGg<RTg´Rtas´ehIy edayGMNac

eQμaHza

CaGñkmanZm(sMEdgehIyminlÁEmnBit

RBHbriytþiZm(

KÅRBHd*manRBHPaK

RTg´Rtas´sMEdgehIy

edaylÁ dUc:nBN(namkenHÉg CadMbUg . cMENkelakutþrZm(

eQμaHza

sVak¡atZm( eRBaHRTg´Rtas´

RBHniBVan EdlCasPav;eT[g sPav;minsøab´

énPav;CaZm(eT[gCaedIm . sUm|IelakutþrZm( k*eQμaHza CaZm(KÅ RBHGg<RTg´Rtas´sMEdgehIyedayRbéB dUc:neBalmkenHÉg. cMENkesckþIvinicä&y kñúgbTza ²snÞidðieka³ enH bNÐitKb|I

esckþIRbtibtþi EdlsmKYrdl´RBHniBVan nig eRBaHRTg´Rtas´RBH

RCabdUcteTA .

niBVan EdlsmKYrdl´esckþIRbtibtþi .

Zm( KWRBHGriybuK<l GñkeZVInUvkarminmankiels manraK;CaedIm

eRb[bdUcCask,eTvraC

eBalza ²k*bdibTa CaTIeTAkan´RBHniBVan EdlRBHmanRBHPaKGg<

Cabfm GriymK< eQμaHza

1- suÇ TI mhaÇ PaKTI 17 TMB&rTI 110 .

snÞidðieka eRBaHCa


visuTÆimK< ERb

473

RTg´Rtas´za

²mñalRBahμN¾

buK<leRtkGr EdlraK;RKbsg,t´ehIy mancitþRbkan´maM EtgKit edIm|Ieb[teb[nxøÜnÉgxøH

qGnusStinieTÞs

xøÜn ehtuenaH elakutþrZm(TaMg 9 y¨ag eTIbeQμaHza snÞidðikZ(m

kñúgsnþanrbs´xøÜn Kb|IeXIjedayxøÜnÉg . smdUcCaRBHmanRBHPaK

474

KitedIm|Ieb[teb[nGñkdéTxøH

KitedIm|I

eRBaHQñH‘nUvkiels’ edaysnÞidði eRb[bdUcCaGñkc|aMg eQμaHza

rzik; eRBaHQñHedayrz y¨agenaHÉg . mYyeT[t kareXIj eQμaHza Tidð; .

Tidð;hñwgÉg CasnÞidð;

eb[teb[nxøÜnÉg nig GñkdéTTaMg 2 xøH rEmgrgTuk¡eTamnsS

manesckþIza kareXIj .

elakutþrZm( rEmgKYrnUvsnÞidð; ehtu

EdlRbRBwtþeTA

enaH eQμaHza snÞidðik; .

eRBaHzaelakutþrZm( kalbuK<leXIj

kñúgcitþxøHç

kalebIlHbg´raK;:nehIyç

buK<l

rEmgminKit edIm|Ieb[teb[nxøÜnÉgpg minKit edIm|Ieb[teb[nGñk

edayGMNacénPavnaPism&y

nig

edayGMNacénscäikiriya-

déTpg minKitedIm|Ieb[teb[nxøÜnÉg nig GñkdéTTaMg2 pgç rEmg

Pism&yn@uHÉg rEmgjúaMgP&yKÅvdð; ovilRtLb´ eRBaHehtuenaH

minrgTuk¡eTamnsSEdlRbRBwtþeTAkñúgcitþç mñalRBahμN¾ y¨agenH

elakutþrZm(enaH eTIbeQμaHza snÞidðik; eRBaHKYrnUvsnÞidð; KÅkar

ÉgehIy eQμaHza Zm(EdlbuK<leXIjc|as´edayxøÜnÉg ‘1’ ³ .

eXIj

müa¨gvijeT[t sUm|IelakutþrZm(TaMg 9 k*eQμaHza CaZm(KÅ buK<leXIjc|as´ edayxøÜnÉg eRBaHCaZm(EdlbuK<lNa > :n

eRb[bdUcCabuK<lEdleQμaHza

vtæik;

eRBaHKYrnUvvtæ;

‘sMBt´’ y¨agenaHÉg . Zm(enaH sMedAyknUvkaropl rbs´xøÜn minmankal ehtu

seRmcehIyç buK<lenaH> Kb|IlHbg´nUvPav;EdlbuK<lKb|Idl´

enaH Zm(enaH eTIbeQμaHza Gkaela

edayesckþIeC] rbs´buK<ldéTehIy eXIjedayxøÜnÉg eday

kal’ .

bc©evk¡NJ¦aN .

kal’ . GZib|ayza ²Zm(enaH min:nrg´caMkalmanRbePTKÅkar

mYyeT[t

Tidði EdlRBHGriysresIrehIy eQμaHza snÞidði

elakutþrZm( rEmgQñH edaysnÞidði eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbeQμaHza

snÞidðikZm( .

BitdUecñaH kñúgelakutþrZm(enaH GriymK< rEmgQñH

‘oplrbs´xøÜn

minman

Gkaela hñwgÉg eQμaHza Gkalieka ‘oplminrg´caM

kMNt´man 5 ézá nig 7 ézáCaedImehIy opleLIy EtrEmgo pl kñúglMdab´esμIKña RBmTaMgkarRbRBwtþieTA rbs´xøÜnhñwgÉg³ . mYyeT[t kal kñúgkaroplrbs´xøÜnénGriymK<enaH ec[s

nUvkielsTaMgLay edaysnÞidði Edlsm|yutþehIyç Griypl

ecjehIy dl´ehIy ehtuenaH eTIbeQμaHza kalieka Rbkb

rEmgQñHnUvkielsTaMgLay edaysnÞidði EdlCaehtuç RBHniBVan

edaykal .

rEmgQñHnUvkielsTaMgLay edaysnÞidði EdlCaGarmμN¾ rbs´

kuslZm( EdlCaelakiy;³ . ÉelakutþrZm(enH minRbkbeday

1-

suÇ GMÇ tiÇ

PaKTI 41 TMB&rTI 136 .

sYrza ²Zm(enaH KÅGVI/³ .

kal eRBaHPav;CaZm(manplCalMdab´esμIKña

eqøIyza ²Zm(enaH KÅ

eRBaHehtuenaH eTIb


visuTÆimK< ERb

475

476

qGnusStinieTÞs

eQμaHza Gkalieka minRbkbedaykal . Baküza ²Gkalieka³

eRBaHKYrnUvÉhibsSviZI

eRBaHPav;énelakutþrZm(enaHCasPav;man

enH RBHGg<Rtas´ehIysMedAyknUvmK<Etmüa¨g .

pg eRBaHPav;énelakutþrZm(enaH CasPav;brisuTÆpg . elakutþrZm(Na KÅkarkbuK<l Kb|InaMcUleTACit eRBaHehtu

elakutþrZm(enaH KYrnUvÉhibsSviZI EdlRbRBwtþeTA y¨agenH za ²GñkcUrmk! GñkcUremIlnUvZm(enH³ dUecñH ehtuenaH elakutþr-

enaH

Zm(enaH eTIbeQμaHza ÉhibsSieka ‘Zm(KYrnUvÉhibsSviZI’ .

karkbuK<lKb|InaMcUleTACit’ .

za ²k*eRBaHehtuGVI elakutþrZm(enaH eTIbKYrnUvviZIenaH/³ .

sYr eqøIy

za ²eRBaHPav;énelakutþrZm(enaH CasPav;manpg eRBaHPav;én elakutþrZm(enaHCasPav;brisuTÆpg .

EmnBit GñkNamYy ebI

TukCaeBalza ²R:k´ ßk* mas mankñúgkNþab´édTeT³ dUecñH k* minGacedIm|IeBalza ²GñkcUrmk! GñkcUremIlnUvR:k´ ß masenH³ dUecñH:neLIy. minman .

eRBaHehtuGVI/ .

eRBaHPav;énR:k´ ß masenaH

ÉlamkkþI TwkmURtkþI sUm|Iman GñkNak*minGacedIm|I

eBalza ²GñkcUrmk GñkcUremIlnUvlamk ß TwkmURtenH edIm|I

elakutþrZm(enaH

eQμaHza

Obnyieka ‘elakutþrZm( KÅ k*enHCaesckþIvinicä&y kñúgbTza

²Obnyieka³ enH . karnaMcUlmk eQμaHza óbny; ‘karnaMcUl mk’ .

buK<lsUm|IsMLwgemIlnUvsMBt´kþI nUvk|alkþI EdlePøIg

eqHsBVehIy KYredIm|Idl´nUvkarbegÁancUlmkCit kñúgcitþénxøÜn> edayGMNacénPavna

eRBaHehtuenaH

eTIbeQμaHza

óbnyieka

‘buK<lKYrbegÁancUlmkTukkñúgcitþénxøÜn> edayGMNacénPavna’ . elakutþrZm( KÅóbnyik;hñwgÉg eQμaHza Obnyieka . Baküza

²Obnyieka³ enH KYrkñúgelakutþrZm( EdlCasg¡tZm( . cMENk kñúgelakutþrZm(EdlCaGsg¡tZm(

Zm(enaH

KYredIm|Idl´nUvkarnaM

júaMgcitþorIkray³dUecñH edayRbkasnUvPav;énlamk ß TwkmURt

cUlmk tamcitþénxøÜn ehtuenaH Zm(enaH eQμaHza Obnyieka

enaHza CaTIKab´citþ:neLIy.

‘Zm(KYrnUvkarnaMcUlmktamcitþénxøÜn’

ßza müa¨geT[t lamkkþI TwkmURt

kþI Carbs´EdlbuK<lRtUvbiT:Mg edayesμATaMgLay ß eday søwkeQITaMgLayEmnBit .

eRBaHehtuGVI/ .

TwkmURtenaH Carbs´minsÁat .

eRBaHlamk nig

EtelakutþrZm(TaMg 9 enHvij

edaysPaBCaZm(manpg CaZm(brisuTÆ dUcCamNÐl énRBHc&nÞ

GZib|ayza

sÁitenA edayGMNackareZVIoCak´c|as´³.

²KYrnUvkarCab´

mYyeT[t elakutþr

Zm(enaH júaMgRBHGriybuK<l ocUleTAkan´RBHniBVan eRBaHehtu enaH Zm( KÅGriymK< eQμaHza Obenyü; ‘júaMgRBHGriybuK<l ocUleTAkan´RBHniBVan’ .

Zm( KÅpl nig RBHniBVan eQμaHza

eBjvg´ BÆd*Gakas EdlmanBBkeTAR:sehIypg dUcCaEkv

óbenyü; eRBaHCaZm( KÅGriybuK<lKb|InaMcUleTAkan´Pav;énGriy

mNI GMBIkMeNIt EdlbuK<ldak´elIsMBt´km¬l manBN(el]g

mK< EdlxøÜnKb|IeZVIoCak´c|as´ .

pg

eRBaHehtuenaH elakutþrZm(enaH eTIbeQμaHza

ÉhibsSieka

Obnyieka .

óbenyü; hñwgÉg eQμaHza


visuTÆimK< ERb

477

478

qGnusStinieTÞs

bTza ²bc©tþMevTiteBVa viJ¦Úhi³ esckþIza ‘elakutþrZm(’ KÅGñk

kñúgsm&yenaH citþ rbs´RBHeyaKIenaHÉg minEmnCacitþ KÅraK;

R:C\TaMgLay manóK¹ditJ¦ÚbuK<lCaedIm sUm|ITaMgBYg Kb|IRCab

CiHCan´:neTç minEmnCacitþ KÅeTas;CiHCan´:neT .l. minEmn

kñúgxøÜn>za ²mK< KÅGatμaGj:ncMerInehIyç pl KÅGatμaGj:n

Cacitþ KÅemah;CiHCan´:neTç

Rtas´dwgehIyç Zm(CaeRK]grMlt´Tuk¡ KÅGatμaGj eZVIoCak´c|as´

enaH CacitþeTARtg´ R:rBÆnUvZm(Etmüa¨g eRBaHehtuenaH Gg<Qan

ehIy³ dUecñH . BitEmnehIy kielsTaMgLay rbs´sTÆiviharik

TaMgLay

minEmnlHbg´ edaymK<EdlRBHóbCÄay¾cMerInehIy:neTç sTÆi-

GñkmannIvrNZm(sáb´rmáab´ehIytamn&yEdlmanehIy kñúgkal

viharikenaH

rbs´RBH

munn@uHÉg . EtQanmindl´nUvGb|na dl´RtwmEtóbcar;b¨ueNÑaH

nwgeZVIoCak´c|as´nUvRBHniBVan EdlRBH

EtgekIt eRBaHPav;énZmμKuNTaMgLay CaGarmμN¾d*RCaleRCApg

óbCÄay¾enaH eZVIoCak´c|as´ehIy k*min:nEdr . eRBaHehtuenaH

eRBaHPav;éncitþbegÁancUleTAkñúgkarrlwker]y>nUvKuNmanRbkar

eTIbmanBaküGZib|ayza

epSg> pg .

nwgenACasuxsb|ay

óbCÄay¾enaH k*min:nç

edayplsmabtþi

²elakutþrZm(n@uH

minEmnKÅbuK<lKb|I

eXIj dUcCaeRK]gGaPrN; elIk|alénCndéTeTç EtzaCaZm( KÅ GñkR:C\TaMgLay Kb|IeXIj Kb|Iesay kñúgcitþénxÜønEtmüa¨g³ . EmnBit elakutþrZm(enaH minEmnCavis&y rbs´BYkCnBaleT . n&ymYyeT[t Zm(enH KÅRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´R:b´ehIyedayRbéB. eRBaHehtuGVI/ . eRBaHPav;énZm(enaH KÅRBHGriybuK<leXIjeday xøÜnÉg. elakutþrZm(enH eQμaHza snÞidðikZm( eRBaHPav;énZ(menaH minRbkbedaykal .

elakutþrZm(enH ehAza Gkalieka ‘min

rEmgekIteLIg

kñúgsm&yenaH citþ rbs´RBHeyaKI

kñúgxN;CamYyKña

dl´RBHeyaKIenaH

QanenHenaH Etgdl´nUvkarrab´za ²ZmμanusSti³

hñwgÉg eRBaHPav;énQanenaH ekIteLIgehIy edayGMNacénkar rlwker]y> nUvZmμKuN . ‘GanisgScMerInZmμanusSti’ cMENkÉPik¡úRbkber]y> nUvZmμanusStienH CaGñkmanesckþI eKarB manesckþIekatERkg kñúgRBHsasþa CaGñkeZVIesckþIeKarB kñúgRBHZm( edaykarrlwker]y>nUvRBHZmμKuN y¨agenHza ²eyIg BicarNarkemIlnUvRKU EdlCaGñksMEdgnUvZm( KYrbegÁancUlmk

Rbkbedaykal’ eRBaHPav;énZm(enaHCaZm(KYrdl´ÉhibsSviZI .

Tukkñúgcitþ:n

mYyeT[t Zm(Na eQμaHza KYrdl´ÉhibsSviZIç Zm(enaH eQμaH

kalEdlknøgeTAehIy

za KYredIm|IbegÁancUlmkTukkñúgcitþénxøÜn edayGMNacénPavna .

GMBIRBHmanRBHPaKGg<enaHecjehIy k*mineXIjmanEdr

kalebIRBHeyaKIenaH

dUecñH rEmg:nnUvPaBZMTUlay edayKuNmansTÆaCaedImç CaGñk

epSgedayKuN

rlwker]y>

manKuNza

nUvKuNénRBHZm(TaMgLay

sVak¡at; CaedIm dUcBN(namkenHç

y¨agenH

CaGñkRbkbedayKuNenH mineXIjman

1- suÇ TIÇ mhaÇ PaKTI 17 TMB&rTI 109 .

kñúgcMENk

kñúgkal«LÚvenH

eRkA ‘1’ ³


visuTÆimK< ERb

479

480

qGnusStinieTÞs

eRcInedaybIti nig :emaC¢; CaGñkGt´sg,t´nUvP&yd*Bnøwk CaGñk

savkseg¹a yTiTM ctþari burisyuKani Gdð burisbuK<la És

GacGt´sg,t´nUvesckþITuk¡

PKveta savkseg¹a Gahueneyüa :hueneyüa Tk¡ieNeyüa

karenArYmedayZm( .

rEmg:ncMeBaHnUvesckþIsm<al´

kñúg

k*sUm|IsrIr; rbs´RBHeyaKIenaH Edlkar

GJ¢likrNIeya GnutþrM buJ¦ek¡tMþ elaksS³ dUecñH .

rlwker]y>nUvZmμKuNRKb´RKgehIy CasrIr; KYrdl´karbUCa dUc

bNþabTTaMgenaH bTza ²sub|dibenña³ ERbza RbtibtþiehIy

CapÞHEdlbuK<lKb|IbUCaç citþ rbs´RBHeyaKIenaH rEmgbegÁaneTA

edayRbéBç GZib|ayza; RbtibtþiehIynUvesckþIRbtibtþi d*Rtwm

edIm|IkarRtas´dwgnUvGnutþrZm(ç

RtUv

Éhiri nig Otþb|; rEmgtaMgeLIg

CaesckþIRbtibtþiminRtLb´vij

CaesckþIRbtibtþi

d*smKYr

R:kd dl´RBHeyaKIenaH Edlrlwker]y> nUvPav;énZm(CaZm(lÁ

dl´RBHniBVan CaesckþIRbtibtþinUvZm(minEmnCasRtUv‘dl´Zm( nig

kalebImankarRbkbRBm

buK<l’ CaesckþIRbtibtiþnUvZm(d*smKYrdl´Zm( .

kñúgvtæú

EdlbuK<lKb|IRbRBwtþknøg

.

mYyeT[t RBHeyaKIenaHkalminTan´cak´ZøúHcMeBaHnUvKuNd*éRkElg eT Kg´:nCaGñkmansæansYK( RbRBwtþeTAkñúgkalxagmux .

eRBaHehtuenaHÉg minRbmaT

GñkmanR:C\alÁKb|IeZVInUvesckþI

kñúgZmμanusSti

EdlmanGanuPaBeRcIn

y¨agenH sBV > kal . enHCakzamux edayBisþar kñúgZmμanusSti . ♣

‘136’ ÉRBHeyaKIGñkmanR:zñaedIm|IcMerInsg¹anusSti Kb|I CaGñkeTAkñúgTIsáat´ ecjcakBYkehIy smáMenA kñúgkmμdðanehIy

PKveta

dl´KuNRBHGriysg¹

savkseg¹a

y¨agdUecñHza

óCub|dibenña

PKveta

²sub|dibenña

savkseg¹a

jayb|dibenña PKveta savkseg¹a samIcib|dibenña PKveta

sþab´nUvBaküeRb[nRbedA

EdlCaOvaT

rbs´RBHmanRBHPaK edayeKarB ehtuenaH buK<lTaMgLayenaH eQμaHza savka .

RbCMuénsav&kTaMgLay eQμaHza savkseg¹a

‘RbCMuénsav&k’ . GZib|ayza RbCMuénsav&kEdldl´ehIynUvkar RtUvreb[bKña eRBaHPaBCaGñkesμIKña edaysIl nig Tidði . k*smμabdibTaenaH CabdibTad*Rtg´ KÅminev[c minekag min elÁ{gç

mYyeT[t bdibTaenaH elakehAza ²CaZm( KÅbuK<lKb|I

dwgd*RbesIr³ dUecñHk*:nç

‘karcMerInsg¹anusSti’

rB\ker]y>

buK<lTaMgLayNa

nig rEmgdl´nUvkarrab´za ²CaesckþI

ekatERkg eRBaHbdibTaenaH CabdibTad*smKYr³ dUecñHpg k*:n eRBaHehtuNaç eRBaHehtuenaH RBHGriysg¹ EdlRbtibtþiehIy nUvsmμabdibTaenaH KÅRBHd*manRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ehAza ²Rbtibtþi edayRtg´pg Rbtibtþid*smKYr dl´jayüZm(pg Rbtibtþid*smKYr dl´samIcikmμpg³ dUecñH . k*kñúgbTza ²sub|dibenña³ CaedImenaH bNÐit Kb|IRCab za


visuTÆimK< ERb ²RBHGriybuK<lTaMgLayNa

481

CaGñktaMgenAehIy

kñúgmK<ç

edayesckþIRbtibtþi

eday

RbéBç RBHGriybuK<lTaMgLayNa CaGñktaMgenAehIy kñúgplç RBHGriybuK<lTaMgLayenaH k*eQμaHza RbtibtþiehIy edayRbéB eRBaHcUleTAkan´yk

nUvesckþIRbtibtþiEdlknøgeTAehIy

Pav;énelakTaMgenaH

:nRtas´dwgehIy

eRBaH

nUvZm(EdlbuK<lKb|I

Rtas´dwg edaysmμabdibTa³ dUecñH . n&ymYYyeT[t RBHsg¹Casav&k eQμaHza RbtibtþiedayRbéB eRBaHPav;énelakRbtibtþiehIy k*:n

tamsmKYrdl´BaküeRb[nRbedA

eRBaHPav;énelakRbtibtþiehIy

nUvesckþIRbtibtþiminxus

k*:n kñúgRBHZmμvin&y EdlRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´sMEdgehIy edaylÁç

eQμaHza

edaymCÄimabdibTa

RbtibtþiedayRtg´

eRBaHelakCaGñkRbtibtþi

minb¨HBal´nUvRbCMuBIrénZm(Gmxagpg

eRBaH

elakCaGñkRbtibtþi edIm|IlHbg´nUveTas KÅesckþIev[cekag nig esckþIelÁ{g énkayç vaca nig citþç Rtas´ehAza CaZm(KÅbuK<lKb|Idwgç

RBHniBVan RBHmanRBHPaK RBHsg¹ Casav&k eQμaHza

qGnusStinieTÞs bTza ²yTiTM³ KÅza yani «mani ERbza enHÉNa.

RBH

GriybuK<lTaMgLayenaH eQμaHza RbtibtþiehIyedaylÁ eRBaH Pav;énelakCaGñkRBmeRB[gehIy

482

²ctþari burisyuKani³ esckþIza edayGMNacénKU énburs man 4 KU

KÅRBHGriybuK<l

GñkfitenA kñúgplç

EdlfitenA

mK<TI1 CaBYkmYyç RBHGriybuK<lEdlfitenA kñúgpl ‘TI1’ Ca BYkmYydUecñHCaedIm .

k*kñúgbTza ²Gdð burisbuK<la³ enaH bT

TaMgLayenHza ²burs ß ßza buK<l³ dUecñH CabTmanesckþIEt mYy .

EtBaküza ²bursbuK<l³ enH RBHGg<Rtas´ehIy eday

GMNacénstVEdlRBHGg<Kb|ITUnμan:n . Baküza ²És PKveta

savkseg¹a³ esckþIza edayGMNacénKUénbursTaMgLay 4 KUç edayELkBIKña bursbuK<lTaMgLay 8 enHÉNaç

ehIy

edayRbkarEdlCnTaMgLayRbtibtþiehIy

dl´kmμ KÅesckþIekatERkg .

CaGñksmKYr

RBHsg¹TaMg

enH CaRBHsg¹sav&k énRBHd*manRBHPaK . bNÐit Kb|IRCabesckþIvinicä&y kñúgbTTaMgLay manbTza

²Gahueneyüa³ dUecñHCaedIm‘teTA’ . ‘vtæúEdlCnKb|InaMmkbUCa’ç

eRBaHPav;énelakCaGñkRbtibtþi

Baküza ²Gdð

buK<l 8 BYkKt´ tamn&yenH KÅRBHGriybuK<lEdlfitenA kñúg

edIm|IRbeyaCn¾ dl´RBHniBVanenaHç dl´samIcikmμ

RBHGriybuK<l

burisbuK<la³ esckþIza edayGMNacénbursbuK<l manburs-

Kb|InaMmkehIybUCa

Rbtibtþid*smKYr

kñúgmK<TImYyç

enHCaKU 1 y¨agenHCaedIm .

RbtibtþiedIm|IRtas´dwgnUvRBHniBVan eRBaHPav;énelakCaGñkRbtibtþi RBHsg¹ Casav&k eQμaHza

Baküza

eRBaHehtuenaH

vtæúNa EdlCnTaMgLay vtæúenaH

eQμaHza

Gahun;

GZib|ayza; vtæúEdlCnKb|InaMmk

sUm|IGMBIcmáayehIy ocMeBaHGñkmansIlTaMgLay .

²GahunM³ enH CaeQμaH énbc©&yTaMgLaybYn .

Baküza

RBHsg¹ Ca

sav&k KYredIm|ITTYl nUvvtæúEdlCnTaMgLay Kb|InaMmkGMBIcmáay


visuTÆimK< ERb

483

ehIybUCaenaH eRBaHeZVInUvvtæúEdlCnTaMgLay Kb|InaMmkenaH o

484

Gb´rMehIy sUm|IEtmUyrMeBcç karbUCa rbs´buK<l

manpleRcIn eRBaHehtuenaH RBHsg¹Casav&kenaH eTIbeQμaHza

enaHÉg RbesIrbMputç karbUCa Gs´ 100 qñaM rbs´

Gahueneyüa ‘CaGñkKYredIm|ITTYl nUvvtæúEdlCnTaMgLay Kb|InaM

CnenaH BMuRbesIreLIy

mkehIybUCa’ . n&ymYyeT[t sUm|Ism|tþiTaMgGs´ EdlbuK<lmkehIy GMBI cmáay Kb|IbUCa kñúgsg¹Casav&kenaH ehtuenaH RBHsg¹sav&k enaH eTIbeQμaHza GahvnIeya ‘CaGñkKÅbuK<lKYrmkehIybUCa’ . ßza RBHsg¹sav&kÉNa EtgKYrnUvvtæú KÅCnKb|InaMmk sUm|Irbs´ eTvtaTaMgLaymansk,eTvraCCaedIm ehtuenaH RBHsg¹Casav&k enaH eTIbeQμaHza GahvnIeya ‘CaGñkKYrnUvvtæúEdlCnKb|InaMmk bUCa éneTvtamansk,eTvraC CaedIm’ . mYyeT[t ePøIgÉNaenH EdlmaneQμaHza GahvnIy; rbs´ RBahμN¾TaMgLayç

lTÆi rbs´BYkRBahμN¾TaMgLayenaHza ²vtæú

EdlRBahμN¾bUCaehIy cMeBaHePøIgÉNa Carbs´manpld*eRcIn³ dUecñHç ebIePøIgenaH eQμaHza GahvnIy; eRBaHPav;énvtæúEdlbuK<l bUCaehIy Carbs´manpleRcInç RBHsg¹n@uHÉg eQμaHza Gah-

vnIy;ç eRBaHza vtæúEdlbuK<lbUCaehIy kñúgRBHsg¹ Carbs´man pleRcIn . smdUcCaRBHd*manRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ za ;

k*CnNaKb|IbeRmIePøIg kñúgéRB Gs´100 qñaMç cMENk buK<lNa bUCanUvRBHGriybuK<lmYyGg< EdlmanxøÜn

qGnusStinieTÞs

‘1’

.

bTza ²GahvnIeya³ enHenaH kñúgnikaydéT edayesckþI CabTRtUvKña edaybTenH za ²Gahueneyüa³ kñúgBaküEdleyIg kMBugeBalenHç EtebIeBaledayBüB¢an; manesckþIepSgKñabnþic bnþÜcEtb¨ueNÑaH kñúgbTTaMg 2 enH .

RBHsg¹ Casav&k Ca

Gahuenyü; dUc:ner[brab´mkenHÉg . ÉkñúgbTza ²:hueneyüa³ enH bNÐitKb|IRCabvinicä&y ‘dUc teTAenH’

GaKnþúkTan EdleKcat´EcgehIy edaysk,ar;

.

edIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´jati nig mitþTaMgLayCaTIRsLaj´ nig CaTI Kab´citþ EdlmkehIyGMBITisZM nig TistUc elakehAza Tan sMrab´TTYleP\{vç sUm|ITansMrab´TTYleP\{venaH k*KYredIm|IRbeKn dl´RBHsg¹n@uHÉg elIkElgEtjati nig mitþEdlCaTIRsLaj´ CaTIKab´citþTaMgenaH nig eP\{vTaMgLayEdlmansPaBdUecñaHç man EtRBHsg¹eT EdlKYredIm|ITTYlGaKnþúkTanenaH . R:kdesμIedayRBHsg¹ minmaneT . rEmgR:kd RBm

BitdUecñaHEmn RBHsg¹n@uH

kñúgcenøaHénRBHBuTÆmYyRBHGg<pg

edayZm(TaMgLay

eRBaHza eP\{v

nig

CaGñkRbkb

EdleZVInUvPaBénesckþIRsLaj´

nig

esckþIeBjcitþ minRcbUkRcbl´pg . TanEdlbuK<lnaMmk edIm|I 1- suÇ xuÇ ZÇ

PaKTI 52 TMB&rTI 14 .


visuTÆimK< ERb

485

486

qGnusStinieTÞs

jati nig mitþ EdleTIbmkdl´zμI KYredIm|IRbeKn dl´RBHsg¹enH

BIr

y¨agenH EzmTaMgRBHsg¹ k*KYredIm|InwgTTYlnUvTanEdleKnaMmk

GJ¢likrNIeyüa ‘GñkKYrnUvkareZVIGJ¢lIkmμ’ .

edIm|IeP\{vpg ehtuenaH RBHsg¹enaH eTIbeQμaHza :hueneyüa ‘RBHsg¹’ KYredIm|ITTYlnUvGaKnþúkTan ‘KÅTanEdlbuK<ltak´Etg edIm|Ijati nig mitþEdleTIbmkdl´zμI’ . cMENkÉ :lI za ²:hvnIeya³ rbs´nikayTaMgLay É Naç

dak´elIsirsa

eRBaHehtuenaH

RBHsg¹enaH

eTIbeQμaHza

bTza ²GnutþrM buJ¦ek¡tþM elaksS³ esckþIza RBHsg¹ CaTI duHeLIgénbuNü rbs´stVelak minmanTIdéTR:kdesμI .

dUcCa

TIEdlCaTIduHeLIg énRsUvxSayTaMgLay ß énRsUvdMeNIbTaMg Lay rbs´esþckþI rbs´GamatükþI bNÐit ehAza ERs énRsUv

:lI rbs´nikayTaMgLayenaH ‘sMEdg’ za ²RBHsg¹ KYr

xSayrbs´esþcç za ERsénRsUvdMeNIbrbs´esþc y¨agNamijç

edIm|ITTYlnUvbuBVkar; eRBaHehtuNaç eRBaHehtuenaH Tanvtæú Ca

RBHsg¹ CaTIduHeLIgénbuNüTaMgLay rbs´stVelakTaMgBYg k*

dMbUgbgÁs´

KÅbuK<lKb|InaMmkbUCa

RBHsg¹enaH

eQμaHza

cMeBaHRBHsg¹enH

ehtuenaH

:hvnIeya ‘RBHsg¹’ CaGñkKYrEdl

y¨agenaHEdr .

EmnBit buNüTaMgLay RbRBwtþeTARBm edIm|I

RbeyaCn¾ nig esckþIsuxmanRbkarepSg> rEmgduHeLIg dl´stV

buK<lKb|InaMyknUvrbs´mkbUCa CadMbUgbgÁs´ ßza RBHsg¹ KYr

elak eRBaHGaRs&yRBHsg¹ç eRBaHehtuenaH RBHsg¹ eQμaHza

nUvkarnaMmkbUCa edayRbkarTaMgBYg eRBaHehtuenaH RBHsg¹enaH

CaERsbuNürbs´stVelakrkERsbuNüdéToéRkElgCagKμan .

eQμaHza BYg’ .

:hvnIeya

‘GñkKYrnUvkarnaMmkbUCa

edayRbkarTaMg

s&BÞza ²:hvnIeya³ enHenaH kñúgTIenH elakeBalza

²:hueneyüa³ tamesckþIenaHvij .

Lay

rlwker]y>

nUvKuNénRBHsg¹TaMg

epSgedayKuNmanPav;CaGñkRbtibtþi

edayRbéBCaedIm

dUc:nBN(namkenHÉgç kñúgsm&yenaH citþ rbs´RBHeyaKI enaH RBHmanRBHPaK

Ég minEmnCacitþ KÅraK; CiHCan´:neTç minEmnCacitþ KÅeTas; CiH

RBHsg¹ KYrnUvTki¡NaTanenaH ßza RBH

Can´:neT .l. minEmnCacitþ KÅemah;CiHCan´:neTç kñúgsm&y

k*TanEdlbuK<leC]nUvbrelakehIyKb|Io Rtas´za ²Tk¡iNa³ .

kalebIRBHeyaKIenaH

citþ rbs´RBHeyaKIenaH CacitþeTARtg´ R:rBÆnUvRBHsg¹ Et

sg¹ manRbeyaCn¾cMeBaHTki¡NaTan RBHsg¹ júaMgTki¡NaTan

enaH

enaH osÁatbrisuTÆ eRBaHPav;KÅkareZVITk¡iNaTanenaH omanpl

müa¨g eRBaHehtuenaH Gg<QanTaMgLay rEmgekIteLIg kñúgxN;

eRcIn ehtuNaç ehtuenaH RBHsg¹enaH eQμaHza Tki¡eNeyüa

CamYyKña

‘GñkKYrnUvTki¡NaTan ß GñkmanRbeyaCn¾dl´Tki¡NaTan’ .

tamn&yEdlmanehIy kñúgkalmunn@uHÉg .

RBHsg¹ KYrnUvGJ¢lIkmμ EdlmnusSelakTaMgBYgeZVIédTaMg

dl´RBHeyaKIenaH

GñkmannIvrNZm(sáb´rmáab´ehIy EtQan mindl´nUv

Gb|na dl´RtwmEtóbcar;b¨ueNÑaH eRBaHPav;énKuNrbs´RBHsg¹


visuTÆimK< ERb

487

TaMgLayCaGarmμN¾d*RCaleRCApg eRBaHPav;éncitþbegÁancUleTA kñúgkarrlwker]y> nUvKuNmanRbkarepSg>pg .

488

qGnusStinieTÞs enHCakzamux edayBisþar kñúgsg¹anusSti .

QanenHenaH

♣♣♣

Etgdl´nUvkarrab´ za ²sg¹anusStii³ EmnBit eRBaHPav;énQan ekIteLIgehIy edayGMNacénkarrlwker]y> nUvsg¹KuN . ‘GanisgScMerInsg¹anusSti’ manesckþIekatERkg

kñúgRBHsg¹

rEmg:n

seRmcnUvPaBd*ZMTUlay edayKuNmansTÆaCaedImç CaGñkeRcIn edaybIti nig :emaC¢; CaGñkGt´sg,t´nUvP&yd*Bnøwk CaGñkGac Gt´sg,t´nUvesckþITuk¡ rEmg:nnUvesckþIsm<al´ kñúgkiriyaenArYm CamYynwgRBHsg¹ .

k*sUm|IsrIr; rbs´RBHeyaKIenaH Edlkar

rlwker]y> nUvKuNrbs´RBHsg¹RKb´RKgehIy CasrIr; KYrdl´ nUvkarbUCa dUcCaeragénóe:sz EdlRBHsg¹RbCMuKñaehIyç citþ rbs´RBHeyaKIenaH rEmgbegÁaneTA kñúgkiriya:ndl´nUvsg¹KuNç Éhiri nig Otþb|; rEmgtaMgeLIgR:kd dl´RBHeyaKIenaH Edl hak´dUcCaeXIjnUvRBHsg¹ kñúgTIcMeBaHmux kñúgkalCaTIcYbRbTH nUvvtæúEdlbuK<lKb|IRbRBwtþelμIs kalminTan´cak´ZøúH

.

mYyeT[t

cMeBaHnUvKuNd*éRkElgeT

RBHeyaKIenaH

Kg´:nCaGñkman

sæansYK(RbRBwtþeTA kñúgkalxagmux .

eRBaHehtuenaHÉg GñkmanR:C\alÁ Kb|IeZVInUvesckþI minRbmaT kñúgsg¹anusSti EdlmanGanuPaBeRcIn y¨agenH sBV > kal .

‘137’ ÉRBHeyaKIGñkmanR:zñaedIm|IcMerInsIlanusSti Kb|I CaGñkeTAkñúgTIsáat´ ecjcakBYkehIy smáMenA kñúgkmμdðanehIy

cMENkÉ Pik¡ú GñkRbkber]y> nUvsg¹anusStienH CaGñk manesckþIeKarB

‘karcMerInsIlanusSti’

rB\ker]y> dl´sIlrbs´xøÜn edayGMNacénKuN mansIlmin dac´CaedIm y¨agenHza ²Ohñ@! sIlTaMgLay rbs´Gj mindac´ç minZøúHç minBBalç minBRBusç CasIlrYcxøÚnç KÅGñkR:C\sresIr ehIyç KÅtNØa nig Tidði min:nBal´RtUvehIyç CasIlRbRBwtþ eTARBmedIm|IsmaZiGVIemø¨HeT³ .

ÉsIlTaMgLayenaH RKhsæKb|I

rlwksIlrbs´RKhsæç bBVCit k*Kb|IrlwksIl rbs´bBVCit . eTaHCasIlrbs´RKhsækþI sIlrbs´bBVCitkþI cUrelIkTuksincuH. sUm|Isik¡abTmYy kñúgxagedImkþI kñúgxagcugkþI rbs´sIlTaMgLay Na minZøayehIyç sIlTaMgLayenaH CasIlmindac´ dUcCa sMBt´sadkEdldac´ehIyRtg´Cay eRBaHehtuenaH sIlTaMgenaH eTIbeQμaHza sIlmindac´ . sUm|Isik¡abT 1 kñúgTIBak´kNþal rbs´sIlTaMgLayNa minEbkZøayehIyç sIlTaMgLayenaH CasIlminZøúHehIy dUc CasMBt´sadkZøúH Rtg´TIBak´kNþal RBaHehtuenaH sIlTaMgenaH eTIbeQμaHza sIlminZøúH . sUm|Isik¡abT 2 ß 3 tamlMdab´ nig lMdab´ rbs´sIl TaMgLayNa

minZøayehIyç

sIlTaMgLayenaH

CasIlmin


visuTÆimK< ERb

489

490

qGnusStinieTÞs

BBal dUcemeKaEdlmansm|úrénsrIr; mansm|úrexμA nig sm|úr

smaZi eRBaHjúaMgóbcarsmaZi ß Gb|nasmaZioRbRBwtþeTARBm

RkhmCaedIm sm|úrNamYy edaysm|úrepSgKña mansNðanEvg

BMuenaHesat júaMgmK<smaZiTaMgplsmaZipgoRbRBwtþeTARBm .

nig

mUlCaedIm

ehtuenaH

EdltaMgeLIg

Rtg´qÁwgxñgkþI

sIlTaMgenaH eTIbeQμaHza

Rtg´eBaHkþI

eRBaH

CasIlminBBal .

kalebIRBHeyaKIenaH rlwker]y> nUvsIlTaMgLay rbs´ xøÜn edayGMNacénKuN manPav;énsIlmindac´CaedIm dUc:n

sIlTaMg

BN(namkenHÉgç kñúgsm&yenaH citþ rbs´RBHeyaKIenaHÉg min

LayenaH eQμaHza CasIlminBRBus dUcemeKaEdlviciRtehIy

EmnCacitþ KÅraK;CiHCan´:neTç minEmnCacitþ KÅeTas; CiHCan´:n

edaykMNt´mancMENkesμIR:s

eT .l.

sIlTaMgLayNa

minZøayehIy

kñúgcenøaH>ç

eRBaHehtuenaH

sIlTaMgenaH

minEmnCacitþ KÅemah; CiHCan´:neTç

kñúgsm&yenaH

citþ rbs´RBHeyaKIenaH CacitþeTARtg´ R:rBÆnUvsIlEtmüa¨g eRBaH

eTIbeQμaHza CasIlminBRBus . sIlTaMgGs´hñwgÉg

ehtuenaH Gg<QanTaMgLay rEmgekIteLIg kñúgxN;CamYyKña

eQμaHza sIlmindac´ç minZøúHç minBBalç minBRBus eRBaHPav;

dl´RBHeyaKIenaH GñkmannIvrNZm(sáb´rmáab´ehIy tamn&yEdl

énsIlenaHCaKuNCat KÅemzunsMeyaK 7 Rbkar nig:bZm(TaMg

manehIy kñúgkalmunn@uHÉg . EtQan mindl´nUvGb|na dl´

LaymanekaZ; nig óbnah;CaedIm mincUleTAeb[teb[nehIy .

RtwmEtóbcar;b¨ueNÑaH EtgekIt eRBaHPav;énKuN rbs´sIlTaMg

mYyeT[t

edayGtæ

sIlTaMgenaHÉg

EdlminEbøkKña

ehAza

sIlrYcxøÜn

eRBaHrYcputcakPaB

énxøÜnCax\úMéntNØa ehIyeZVInUvPaBCasIlrYcxøÜn .

LayCaGarmμN¾d*RCaleRCApg eRBaHPav;éncitþbegÁancUleTA kñúg karrlwker]y> nUvKuNmanRbkarepSg>pg . QanenHenaH Etg

sIlTaMgenaH eQμaHza KÅGñkR:C\sresIrehIy eRBaHPav; énsIlenaH KÅGñkR:C\TaMgLaymanRBHBuTÆCaedIm RTg´:nRtas´ sresIrehIy .

dl´nUvkarrab´ za ²sIlanusSti³ EmnBit eRBaHPav;énQanenaH ekIteLIgehIy edayGMNackarrB\ker]y> nUvsIlKuN . ‘GanisgScMerInsIlanusSti’

sIlTaMgenaHÉg ehAza sIlminb¨HBal´ eRBaHPav;énsIl

cMENk Pik¡ú GñkRbkber]y> nUvsIlanusStienH CaGñkman

enaH KÅtNØa nig Tidði b¨HBal´min:nehIy ßza eRBaHPav;énsIl

esckþIeKarB kñúgsik¡a CaGñkmanesckþIRbRBwtþi edaycMENkd*esμI

enaH KÅGñkNamYy minGacedIm|IBal´RtUv y¨agenHza ²enHCaeTas

minRbmaT kñúgbdisNðar; R:sehIycakP&y manP&yGMBIkiriya

kñúgsIlTaMgLayrbs´Gñk³ dUecñH .

tiHed[lxøÜn:nCaedIm mankiriyaeXIjnUvP&yCaRbRktI kñúgeTas

sIlTaMgenaHÉg

eQμaHza

CasIlRbRBwtþeTARBm

edIm|I

TaMgLaymanRbmaNtUc rEmg:nnUvPaBTUlay edayKuNman


visuTÆimK< ERb

491

492

qGnusStinieTÞs

mYyeT[t RBH

sasna nig PaBénxøÜnCamnusSenH KÅGj:nehIy edaylÁhñ@!ç

eyaKIenaH ebITukCaminTan´cak´ZøúHnUvKuNd*éRkElgeT k*Kg´:nCa

GataμGj mancitþR:scakesckþIkMNaj´ EdlCatYmnÞilehIy

GñkmansuKtiRbRBwtþeTA kñúgkalxagmuxEdr .

kñúgBYkstVEdlmanmnÞil KÅesckþIkMNaj´rYbrwtehIy CaGñkman

sTÆaCaedIm CaGñkeRcInedaybIti nig :emaC¢; .

eRBaHehtuenaHÉg GñkmanR:C\alÁ Kb|IeZVInUvesckþI minRbmaT kñúgsIlanusSti EdlmanGanuPaBeRcIn y¨agenH sBV > kal . enHCakzamux edayBisþar kñúgsIlanusSti . x

x x

karlHbg´rYcRsLHehIy man:tédlagrYcehIy eRtkGrehIy kñúgkarlH KYrdl´karsUm eRtkGrkñúgkaro nig karcMENkehIy enA³ dUecñH . bNþabTTaMgenaH bTza ²laPa vt em³ enaH KÅ myØM vt

laPa Ohñ@! laPTaMgLayrbs´Gj . GZib|ayza ²laPTaMg LayenHÉNa rbs´Tayk KÅRBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´sresIr

‘karcMerIncaKanusSti’

ehIy edayn&yTaMgLaymann&yCaGaTi¾ y¨agenH za ²cMENkÉ

‘138’ RBHeyaKI GñkmanR:zñacMerIncaKanusSti Kb|ICaGñk

TaykenaH luHoGayuehIy CaGñkmancMENkénGayu EdlCa

mancitþbegÁancUleTA kñúgcaK; tamRbRktI Kb|ICaGñkmankarEck

TiBVxøH Carbs´énmnusSxøH ‘1’ ³ dUecñHCaedImpgç za ²Tayk Gñk

cMENkTanoRbRBwtþeTA Gs´kalCanic©ç

o‘Tan’ rEmgCaTIRsLaj´ç CnTaMgLayd*eRcIn rEmgKb´rknUv

mYyvijeT[t RBHeyaKI

kalR:rBÆnUvkarcMerIn RtUveZVIkarsmaTan za ²«LÚvenH cab´epþIm GMBIézáenHteTA kalebImanbdiKahk;ç GatμaGj ebIminTan´onUv TaneT edayehaceTA sUm|IRtwmEtmYyBMnUt nwgminbriePaKeLIy³ dUecñHehIyoTan tamsmKYrdl´sμartI tamsmKYrdl´kmøaMg kñúg bdiKahk;TaMgLay d*RbesIrviessedayKuN kñúgézáenaH ehIy kan´yknimitþ kñúgTanenaH eTAkñúgTIsáat´ ecjcakBYkehIy smáM enA kñúgkmμdðanehIy Kb|Irlwker]y> dl´caK; rbs´xøÜn eday GMNacénKuNmanPav; énmnÞil nig esckþIkMNaj´CaedIm eTA R:sehIy y¨agenHza ²Ohñ@! CalaPTaMgLay rbs´GatμaGjç

TaykenaH ‘2’ ³ dUecñHCaedImpgç tamZm(

rbs´BYksb|úrs

za ²Tayk kaleZVIdMeNIreTA

o‘Tan’

rEmgCaTIRsLaj´

‘3’ ³

dUecñHpgç laPTaMgLayenaH CacMENk rbs´GatμaGj edayBit R:kd³ dUecñH . Baküza ²sulTÆM vt em³ esckþIza sasna enHÉNa ß PaBCamnusS enHÉNa EdlGj:nehIyç sasna nig PaBCa mnusSenaH KÅGj:nehIyedaylÁNas´hñ@ . eRBaHehtuGVI/ . eRBaHkalebIBYkstV RtUvmnÞilKÅesckþIkMNaj´rYbrwtehIyç Gatμa 1– su GMÇ PaK 44 TMB&r 82 . 2- PaK 44 TMB&r 78 . 3– TMB&r 81 .


visuTÆimK< ERb Gj CaGñkmancitþR:scakGMBImnÞil KÅesckþIkMNaj´

493

494

qGnusStinieTÞs

.l.

pÞH³ enaH KÅGatμaGj RKbsg,t´enAehIy . bTza ²mutþcaeKa³ ERbza mankarlH rYcRsLHehIy .

eRtkGrehIy kñúgkaro nig karEckrMElk . bNþabTTaMgenaH bTza ²mecärmlbriyudðitay³ manesckþI

bTza

²byt:NI³ ERbza manédlagehIy . manesckþI

za RtUvmnÞilKÅesckþIkMNaj´RKbsg,t´ehIy . bTza ²bCay³

GZib|ayza manédlagsÁatehIyhñwgÉg sBV> kal edIm|Io

esckþIza stVTaMgLay elakehAza ²bCa³ edayGMNacénkar

nUveTyüZm( edayédxøÜnÉg edayesckþIeKarB .

ekItç

eRBaHehtuenaH kñúgbTza ²bCay³ enH eTIbmanesckþI

bTza ²evasSK<reta³ esckþIza karlHbg´eQμaHza evasSK<;

GZib|ayenHza ²kalebIstVTaMgLayEdlmnÞilKÅesckþIkMNaj´

GZib|ayza bric©aK .

EdlmankarminGt´Zn´nUvPav;énsm|tþiTaMgLay rbs´xøÜn CaTUeTA

edayGMNacénkarRbkbéRkElgeT[gTat´ eRBaHehtuenaH buK<l

dl´CnTaMgLaydéT Calk¡N; KÅZm(exμATaMgLay EdlCaeRK]g

enaH eQμaHza GñkeRtkGr kñúgkarlH .

RbTUsþnUvPav;éncitþ CaEdnpSayecjnUvBnøÅ ÉNamYy RKbsg,t´ ehIy³ dUecñH .

buK<leRtkGrehIy kñúgkiriyalHbg´enaH

bTza ²yaceyaeKa³ GZib|ayza CaGñkKYr dl´karsUm eRBaHbuK<lTaMgLaydéTsUmvtæúNa> k*onUvvtæúenaH> . :lIza

bTza ²viKtmlmecäern³ esckþIza eQμaHza manmnÞil nig esckþIkMNaj´ eTAR:sehIy eRBaHPav;énmnÞilTaMgLay sUm|I déT manmnÞilKÅraK; nig eTas;CaedIm eTAR:sehIypg eRBaH Pav;énesckþIkMNaj´ eTAR:sehIypg .

bTza ²ectsa

²yaCeyaeKa³ dUecñHk*man . GZib|ayza GñkRbkbehIy eday yaC; eBalKÅkarbUCa . bTza ²TansMviPaKreta³ ERbza eRtkGrehIy kñúgkaropg kñúgkarEckrMElkpg .

GZib|ayza RBHeyaKI rEmgrlwker]y>

vihrami³ esckþIza GatμaGjCaGñkmancitþ manRbkardUc:neBal

y¨agenHza

mkehIyenA .

GMBIvtæú EdlxøÜnKb|IbriePaKpgç EzmTaMgeRtkGrehIy kñúgkaro

cMENkkñúgRBHsURt RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´za

²GatμaGj enARKb´RKgpÞH ‘1’ ³ eRBaHPav;énBaküenaH kalebI sküRBHmhanam EdlCaRBHesatabnñ TUlsYrnUvZm(CaeRK]genA edaynisS&y

1- suÇ GMÇ qÇ

GatμaGj

oTanpgç

eZVInUvkarEckrMElk

nig karEckrMElkTaMg 2 y¨agenHpg³ . kalRBHeyaKIenaH

rlwker]y>

nUvcaK;

rbs´xøÜn

eday

edayGMNacénZm(CaeRK]genA

GMNacénKuN manPaBCaGñkmanmnÞilKÅesckþIkMNaj´ eTAR:s

esckþIkñúgbT za ²GatμaGj enARKb´RKg

ehIyCaedImy¨agenHç kñúgsm&yenaH citþ rbs´RBHeyaKIenaHÉg

k*RTg´sMEdgehIy

edaynisS&yn@uHÉg .

²EmnBit

PaKTI 46 TMB&rTI 16 .

minEmnCacitþ KÅraK;CiHCan´:neTç

minEmnCacitþ KÅeTas;CiHCan´


visuTÆimK< ERb :neT enaH

.l.

495

minEmnCacitþ KÅemah; CiHCan´:neTç

kñúgsm&y

citþ rbs´RBHeyaKIenaH CacitþeTARtg´ R:rBÆnUvcaK;Etmüa¨g

eRBaHehtuenaH Gg<QanTaMgLay rEmgekIteLIg kñúgxN;CamYy Kña dl´RBHeyaKIenaH GñkmannIvrNZm(sáb´rmáab´ehIy tamn&y EdlmanehIy kñúgkalmunn@uHÉg . dl´RtwmEtóbcar;b¨ueNÑaH

EtQan mindl´nUvGb|na

EtgekIt

eRBaHPav;éncaKKuNTaMg

LayCaGarmμN¾d*RCaleRCApg eRBaHPav;éncitþbegÁancUleTA kñúg karrlwker]y> nUvcaKKuNmanRbkarepSg>pg .

QanenHenaH

Etgdl´nUvkarrab´ za ²caKanusSti³ EmnBit eRBaHPav;énQan enaH ekIteLIgehIy edayGMNacénkarrlwker]y>nUvcaKKuN . ‘GanisgScMerIncaKanusSti’ cMENkÉ Pik¡ú GñkRbkber]y> nUvcaKanusStienH CaGñkman citþbegÁaneTAehIykan´caK;

edayRbmaNd*éRkElg

GZüaRs&y minRbkbedayelaP; RbRktI

CaGñkekø{vkøa

CaGñkman

CaGñkeZVIsmKYrdl´emtþa

CaGñkeRcIneTAedaybIti

nig

:emaC¢;

kñúgcaKanusSti

EdlmanGanuPaBeRcIn

y¨agenH sBV> kal . enHCakzamuxedayBisþar kñúgcaKanusSti .

‘karcMerIneTvtanusSti’ ‘139’ cMENkRBHeyaKIGñkmanR:zñacMerIneTvtanusSti Kb|I CaGñkRbkbehIy edayKuNTaMgLaymansTÆaCaedIm Edldl´ RBmehIy edayGMNacénGriymK< .

bnÞab´GMBIenaH RBHeyaKI

enaH Kb|IeTAkñúgTIsáat´ eKcecjGMBIBYkehIy smáMenA kñúgkmμdðan ehIy taMgTuknUveTvtaTaMgLay kñúgTIEdlCabnÞal´ehIy rlwk er]y>

dl´KuNTaMgLay

mansTÆaCaedIm

rbs´xøÜn

y¨agenH

za ²BYkeTvtaCan´catumμharaCika k*manç BYkeTvtaTaMgLayCan´ tavtiþgSk*manç Can´yamaç Can´tusitç Can´nimμanrtIç Can´brnimiμtþvsvtI

k*manç

BYkeTvtaEdlrab´bJ©Úl

BYkeTvtaTaMgLayCan´x¬s´eLIgeTAeT[t kayikaenaH k*manç

kñúgBYkRBhμ

k*manç

CagBYkeTvtaCan´RBhμ-

eTvtaTaMgGm|alenaH RbkbRBmedaysTÆa

mansPaBEbbNaç eTvtaTaMgGm|alenaH cüút cakGtþPaBenH ehIy eTIb:neTAekIt kñúgCan´TaMgLay manCan´catumμharaCika CaedImenaHç sTÆa EdlmansPaBEbbenaH rbs´GatμaGj k*man

.

pgEdrç BYkeTvtaTaMgLayenaH RbkbRBmehIyedaysIl man

éRkElgeT k*Kg´:nCaGñkmansuKtiRbRBwtþeTA kñúgkalxagmux .

minRbmaT

qGnusStinieTÞs

Ca

mYyeT[t RBHeyaKIenaH kalminTan´:ncak´ZøúHcMeBaHnUvKuN d*

eRBaHehtuenaHÉg GñkmanR:C\alÁ Kb|IeZVInUvesckþI

496

sPaBEbbNaç edaysut; mansPaBEbbNaç edaycaK; man sPaBEbbNaç edaybJ¦a mansPaBEbbNaç cüútehIy cak GtþPaBenH eTIb:neTAekIt kñúgPBenaH>ç bJ¦a EdlmansPaB EbbenaH rbs´GatμaGj k*manpgEdr ‘1’ ³ dUecñH .

EtkñúgRBH

sURt RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´ za ²mñalmhanam kñúgsm&yNa RBHGriysav&krlwk ‘2’

er]y> nUvsTÆapgç sIlpgç sut;pgç

1- suÇ GMÇ PaKTI 41 TMB&r 273 .

2– suÇ GMÇ PaKTI 46 TMB&rTI 18 .


visuTÆimK< ERb

497

498

qGnusStinieTÞs

caK;pgç bJ¦apg rbs´xøÜn nig rbs´eTvtaTaMgLayç kñúgsm&y

kñúgkarrlwker]y> nUvKuNmanRbkarepSg>pg .

enaH citþ rbs´RBHGriysav&kenaHÉg minEmnCacitþ EdlRtUvraK;

Etgdl´nUvkarrab´za ²eTvtanusSti³ EmnBit eRBaHPav;énQan

rYbrwt:neTÇÇdz dUecñHCaedIm .

enaH ekIteLIgehIy edayGMNacénkiriyarlwker]y> nUvKuN

RBHBuTÆdIkan@uH KÅRBHGg<Rtas´ehIy k*BitEmn .

k*b¨uEnþza

QanenHenaH

mansTÆaCaedIm EdlesμIedayKuN rbs´BYkeTvta .

bNÐit Kb|IRCabza ²BaküenaH RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ehIy

‘GanisgScMerIneTvtanusSti’

edIm|IRTg´sMEdgKuN rbs´eTvtaTaMgLay EdlKb|ITuk kñúgTICa

cMENk Pik¡ú GñkRbkber]y> nUveTvtanusStienH rEmgCaTI

bnÞal´esμIKña edayKuNTaMgLaymansTÆaCaedImrbs´xøÜn³ dUecñH.

RsLaj´ CaTIKab´citþéneTvtaTaMgLay rEmg:nnUvPaBd*TUlay

eRBaHza kñúgGdðkza RBHGdðkzacarü eBalehIyeZVIomaM za

edayKuNmansTÆaCaedIm

edayRbmaNd*éRkElg

CaGñkeRcIn

²RBHeyaKI taMgTuknUveTvtaTaMgLay kñúgTICasakSIehIy rlwk

edaybIti nig :emaC¢;enA .

er]y> nUvKuNTaMgLayrbs´xøÜn³ dUecñH .

Tan´:ncak´ZøúHcMeBaHnUvKuNd*éRkElgeT k*Kg´:nCaGñkmansuKti

eRBaHehtuenaH kalebIRBHeyaKIenaH sUm|Irlwker]y> nUv KuNTaMgLayénBYkeTvta kñúgcMENkxagedImehIy rlwker]y> nUvKuNTaMgLay mansTÆaCaedIm rbs´xøÜn Edlman kñúgkalCa xageRkayç Cacitþ

k*kñúgsm&yenaH citþ rbs´RBHeyaKIenaHÉg minEmn

KÅraK; CiHCan´:neTç

minEmnCacitþ KÅeTas; CiHCan´:n

eT .l. minEmnCacitþ KÅemah;CiHCan´:neTç kñúgsm&yenaH citþ rbs´RBHeyaKIenaH

CacitþeTARtg´

R:rBÆnUveTvtaEtmüa¨g

dl´RBHeyaKIenaH GñkmannIvrNZm(sáb´ehIy tamn&yEdlman ehIy kñúgkalmunn@uHÉg .

RbRBwtþeTA kñúgkalxagmux .

eRBaHehtuenaHÉg GñkmanR:C\alÁ Kb|IeZVInUvesckþI minRbmaT kñúgeTvtanusSti EdlmanGanuPaBeRcIn y¨agenH sBV > kal . enHCakzamux edayBisþar kñúgeTvtanusSti .

eRBaH

ehtuenaH Gg<QanTaMgLay rEmgekIteLIg kñúgxN;CamYyKña

EtQan mindl´nUvGb|na dl´Rtwm

Etóbcar;b¨ueNÑaH rEmgekIt eRBaHPav;énKuNTaMgLay mansTÆa CaedIm CaGarmμN¾d*RCaleRCApg eRBaHPav;éncitþbegÁancUleTA

mYyeT[t RBHeyaKIenaH kalmin

x x x

‘140’

k*RBHBuTÆvcn;ÉNa EdlRBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´

nUvRBHBuTÆdIkaTaMgLay manCaGaTi¾za ²kñúgsm&yenaH citþ rbs´ RBHeyaKIenaHÉg CacitþeTARtg´ R:rBÆRBHtzaKt³ dUecñH edIm|I sMEdgnUvGnusStiTaMg 6 enaH ²mñalmhanam !

k*Griysav&k

o:nBisþarehIy

RTg´Rtas´za

GñkmancitþeTARtg´ehIyhñwgÉg


visuTÆimK< ERb

499

500

qGnusStinieTÞs

rEmg:nnUvkardwgnUvGtæ :nnUvkardwgnUvZm( :nnUv:emaC¢;Edl

nig esckþIkMNaj´ eTAR:sehIy nig edayKuNTaMgLay man

RbkbehIyedayZm(ç bIti rEmgekItdl´Griysav&kenaH Gñkman

sTÆaCaedIm EdlR:kdesμI edayKuNéneTvtaTaMgLayEdlman

citþeRtkGrTUeTAehIy³ dUecñHç kñúgRBHBuTÆvcn;TaMgenaH bNÐitKb|I

GanuPaBeRcInpg .

RCab za ²RBHBuTÆvcn;za; RBHGriysav&k :nnUvkardwgnUvGtæ³

k*kñúgmhanamsURt RBHmanRBHPaK Edlskü;mhanamTUl

dUecñH RBHGg<Rtas´ehIy sMedAykesckþIeRtkGr EdlekIteLIg

sYrnUvZm(CaeRK]genA edaynisS&y énRBHesatabnñ RTg´sMEdg

ehIy eRBaHGaRs&ynUvGtæ énBuTÆKuNTaMgLayza ²«tibi esa

GnusStiTaMg 6 enH

PKva³ dUecñHCaedImç RBHBuTÆvcn; za ²RBHGriysav&k :nnUvkar

enAénRBHesatabnñbuK<lhñwgÉg . sUm|IkñúgeKZsURt k*RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´‘GnusStiTaMg

dwgnUvZm(³ dUecñH RBHGg<Rtas´ehIysMedAykesckþIeRtkGrEdl ekIteLIgehIy eRBaHGaRs&ynUv:lIç

RBHBuTÆvcn;za ²RBHGriy

edayBisþar edIm|IRTg´Bnül´nUvZm(CaeRK]g

6’ edIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´karjúaMgcitþ

rbs´Griysav&k osÁatlÁ

sav&k rEmg:nnUv:emaC¢; EdlRbkbehIyedayZm(³ dUecñH RTg´

edayGnusStiehIy :nsMercnUvesckþIbrisuTÆi EdlmanGtæy¨ag

Rtas´ehIy edayGMNacesckþIeRtkGrTaMg 2 y¨ag³ .

éRkElgRbesIrx¬g´x¬s´y¨agenHza ²mñalPik¡úTaMgLay Griysav&k

cMENkRBHBuTÆdIka ÉNa EdlRBHGg<RTg´Rtas´ehIy kñúg

kñúgRBHZmμvin&yenH rlwker]y> nUvtzaKtza; RBHmanRBHPaKGg<

eTvtanusSti za ²R:rBÆnUveTvtaTaMgLay³ dUecñHç RBHBuTÆdIkaenaH

enaH RTg´RBHnamza GrhM eRBaHehtuenH> .l. kñúgsm&yenaH

bNÐitKb|IRCabza ²KÅRBHGg<Rtas´ehIy edayGMNacéncitþEdl

citþ rbs´Griysav&kenaH CacitþeTARtg´ EmnBit CacitþecjehIy

R:rBÆnUveTvtaTaMgLayehIy RbRBwtþeTA ß edayGMNacéncitþ

CacitþrYcehIy

EdlR:rBÆKuNTaMgLay EdljúaMgPav;énstVCaeTvta osMerc

Baküza ²eKZ;³ hñwgÉg CaeQμaHénkamKuNTaMg5ç

R:kdesμIedayKuNéneTvtaehIyRbRBwtþeTA kñúgkalxagedIm³ .

Lay stVTaMgLayBYkxøH kñúgelakenH eZVInUvGnusStienH oCa

k*GnusStiTaMg 6 enH rEmgsMerc dl´Griysav&kTaMgLay Etmüa¨g .

TaMg

Griysav&kTaMgenaH k*RbkbRBmehIy edaysIlTaMgLay man KuNmanPav; énsIlmindac´CaedIm edaycaK; EdlmanmnÞil

mñalPik¡úTaMgLay mñalPik¡úTaMg

GarmμN¾ehIyrEmgbrisuTÆ y¨agenHRbkarmYy ‘1’³ dUecñHCaedIm .

eRBaHza KuN rbs´RBHBuTÆç RBHZm( nig RBHsg¹TaMg

Lay CaKuNR:kdc|as´ dl´Griysav&kTaMgLayenaH .

CacitþrYcputehIycakteRmkç

sUm|Ikñúgsm¬aeZakassURt Gayu

sMEdgehIy

GnusStiTaMg 6 enH 1- suÇ GMÇ qÇ

EdlRBHmhakc©ayn;

k*RBHZmμsg<ahkacarüTaMgLay edayGMNacénkar:nnUvOkas

PaKTI 46 TMB&rTI 68 .

d*man sMEdg

edIm|IPav;


visuTÆimK< ERb

501

502

qGnusStinieTÞs

CaGñkmanZm(d*brisuTÆ manGtæy¨agéRkElg énRBHGriysav&khñwg

nUvGnusStiTaMg 6 enH dl´skü;mhanamEdlTUlsYrza ²bBiRt

Ég y¨agenHza ²mñalelakd*manGayu ehtuKYroGs©arüç mñal

RBHGg<d*cMerIn

elakd*manGayu ehtuminZøab´ekIt k*ekIteLIg:n eRBaHRBHd*man

epSg>ç etIeyIgx\úMRBHGg< Kb|IenAedayZm(CaeRK]genA dUcemþc/³

RBHPaK Grhnþsmμasm¬úTÆGg<enaH RTg´RCab RTg´eXIj RTg´Rtas´

dUecñH edIm|IBnül´nUvZm(CaeRK]genAénGriysav&khñwgÉg y¨agenH

dwgnUvZm(EdlCaeRK]g:nnUvOkas kñúgesckþIcegÁ{t edIm|IesckþI

za

brisuTÆi énstVTaMgLay .l. edIm|IeZVIoCak´c|as´nUvRBHniBVanç

mñalmhanam buK<lGñkminmansTÆa minEmnCaGñkeZVIosMerc:n

Zm(CaeRK]g:nnUvOkas

eTç

kñúgTIcegÁ{tenH KÅGVI/ç

KÅehtuCaTItaMg

kaleyIgx\úMRBHGg<enaHenA

²mñalmhanam

buK<lGñkmansTÆa

buK<lGñkmanBüayamR:rBÆehIy

edayZm(CaeRK]genA

CaGñkeZVIoseRmc:nç

manstix¢ab´x¢Ün

mancitþ

mñalelak

taMgenAmaMehIy manbJ¦a CaGñkeZVIoseRmc:nç buK<lGñkx¢il

d*manGayu RBHGriysav&k kñúgRBHZmμvin&yenH rlwker]y>nUvRBH

RcGUs GñkePøcPøaMgsti GñkmancitþmintaMgenAmaM manbJ¦aminlÁ

tzaKt

minEmnCaGñkeZVIoseRmc:neTç

énGnusStiTaMg 6ç

.l.

GnusStidðanTaMg 6 etIdUcemþc/ç

stVTaMgLayBYkxøH

kñúgelakenH

CaGñkman

esckþIsÁatCaZmμta y¨agenH RbkarmYy ‘1’ ³ dUecñHCaedIm . sUm|Ikñúgóe:szsURt GnusStiTaMg

6

manpleRcIn

k*RBHd*manRBHPaK

edIm|IRTg´sMEdgnUvPav;énóe:sz edayGMNacénkmμdðan

mñalmhanam

cUrGñktaMgenA

kñúgZm(TaMg 5 enHÉgehIy cMerInZm(TaMg 6 teTAeT[tç

mñal

RTg´sMEdg

mhanam kñúgkarcMerInZm(TaMg6 enH GñkKb|Irlwker]y>nUvtzaKt

CaKuNCat

za ²RBHd*manRBHPaKGg<enaH eRBaHehtuenHÇÇÇ‘1’³ dUecñHCaedIm .

EdlCaeRK]gCRmHcitþ

kalebImanehtuy¨agenH GnusStiTaMg 6 enH

sUm|IbuzuC¢n

énRBHGriysav&k GñkrkSaóe:szhñwgÉg y¨agenHza ²mñalnag

GñkRbkbRBmedayKuNmansIlbrisuTÆCaedIm k*KYreZVITukkñúgcitþ.

visaxa

kareZVI

eRBaHza sUm|IedayGMNacénkarrlwker]y> citþ rbs´buK<lGñk

mñalnag

rlwker]y> nUvKuNTaMgLayénGriyTaMgLay manRBHBuTÆCaedIm

visaxa k*kareZVIcitþEdlesAhμgopUrpg´:n edayesckþIBüayam

rEmgRCHzøaEmnBitç edayGanuPaBénesckþIRCHzøaÉNa RBHeyaKI

etIy¨agdUcemþc/ç

enaH Kb|Isg,t´sg,innUvnIvrN;TaMgLayehIy CaGñkman:emaC¢;

Griyue:sz etIy¨agdUcemþc/ç

citþEdlesAhμg

opUrpg´:n

mñalnagvisaxa

edayesckþIBüayamç

mñalnagvisaxa

RBHGriysav&k kñúgsasna

enH rlwker]y> nUvtzaKtÇÇÇ‘2’³ dUecñH . sUm|IkñúgÉkaTsni:t 1– suÇ GMÇ

PaK 46

k*RBHd*manRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´sMEdg

TMB&r 72 . 2- suÇ GMÇ PaK 41 TMB&r 262 .

d*elIslub

R:rBÆvibsSnaehIy

EmnBitdUcCaRBHbusSeTvetær 1- suÇ GMÇ ÉkÇ

eZVIoCak´c|as´nUvRBHGrhtþ

GñkmanRbRktIenA

PaKTI 51 TMB&rTI 264 .

kñúgvihareQμaH


visuTÆimK< ERb

503

-504-

kdðGnÆkar y¨agdUecñaHÉg . :n»mkza

Gvsankza

elakd*manGayuGg<enaH

eXIjRBHBuTÆrUbEdl

edayGanisgSénZmμTanenH

x\úMsUmtaMg

marnimμitehIy :ncMeBaHnUvbItiEdlmanRBHBuTÆCaGarmμN¾ eday

citþR:zñao:nGs´eTAénGasvk,iels kñúg

Kitza ²marenHmanraK;ç eTas; nig emah;enAeLIy rEmgsÁat

GnaKtkalkMubIxaneLIy .

dl´emø¨HeTAehIyç

cuHRBHmanRBHPaK CaGñkmanraK;ç eTas; nig

emah; eTAR:sehIy edayRbkarTaMgBYg etIlÁdUcemþceTAh@/³ dUecñHehIy cMerInvibsSna

k*:nsMercnUvRBHGrhtþ .

briecäT TI7 eQμaH qGnusStinieTÞs kñúgGZikarénsmaZiPavna kñúgKm¬IreQμaHvisuTÆimK< Edlx\úMer[ber[gehIy edIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´kiriyajúaMgsaZuCnorIkray

mYyeT[t

x\úMsUmóTÞisnUvGanisgSEdl

ekItGMBIZmμTanenH

CUndl´elakGñkd*man

KuNTaMgeTVKW bitanam yin-ey]m matanam hwg-Gm sUmelakGñkd*manKuNTaMgBIr:n TTYlnUv buN ükuslenH

tamsmKYrdl´

esckþIR:zñaeTAehag .

♣♣♣

cb´ehIy edayRbkardUecñH .

♣ ♣ ♣ cb´ bkrN¾viesseQμaHvisuTiÆmK<ERb PaK TI1 er[ber[gcb´sBVRKb´ enAézác&nÞ 3 ekIt Expl<ún Gdðs&k BÇsÇ 2540 RtUvnwgézáTI 10 Exmina 1997 . evla em¨ag 2;59 láac

 


-505-

raynamBuTÆbris&T CYyóbtæmÖ kñúgZmμTanenHman; elak LÚ-bu)neLg GñkRsIeG)[b-éqKIm

2ç640du

ZmμbUCa buNücMerInRBHCnμ RBHPikú¡ Esm-sueX]n ó:sika eG)[b-éqhug

ó:sikaQwm-KwmRsuin nig kUnecA RBmTaMgjatimiRt

ó:sika nYn-vNÑa

1ç740du 1ç000du

1ç000du

elak vg´-em¨A GñkRsIqan´-kan´CYg

900du

880du

GñkRsI qan´-éhkwg

500du

ó:sika ev¨n-lVn´ ‘sux-rs´’ nig kUnecA

450du

vtþminIsutaram

BuTÆbris&Tvtþsan´taGaNa ézásIl

buNüó:sika lI-LaMgCag nig kUnecA

Pikú¡ GaMg-Xug ó:sika tan´-Kwmzan´ buRtZIta nig ecA

elakEt-Taes)[ GñkRsIlwm-éNh)Yg RBmTaMgjatimiRt buNüelakta G)ab-Pav

RBHetCHKuNRbkb vtþCm¬Úruk¡avnaram Pikú¡vinyZera mhayin-en]n

ó:sk ng-hak´ RBmTaMgRKYsar kUnecA

500du

420du

400du 400du

400du

330du

315du 300du

260du

BuTÆbris&T vtþExμr:lielyü

260du

RBHetCHRBHKuNZmμezera ‘esA-Xn’

250du

GñkRsI ZIra¨

220du

ó:sika esA-éy¨ RBmTaMgkUnecA

ó:sk eck-Xan ó:sika c&nÞ-QYm RBmTaMgkUnecA RICHARCH

(GA)

elak taMg-cW GñkRsI eLa-KwmeLg

200du

Mrs NAMTYHUY, Mr, & Mrs. KEIW LEE, TINATH LEE

200du

ótþmZmμeXasacarü kut-kusl Ekv-suZmμa éL-yu¨n elak LaM-er]g RBmTaMgRkumRKYsar

ó:sika Gwug-sayTav nag Guwg-KimeGg

250du

250du

200du

elak Ék-qalI GñkRsI eGam-xun ó:sk CU-mI ó:sika

Ék-bUlIn nig kUnecA

GñkRsI kut-kNÑika esam¨a‘suCata’ sVamI nig buRt

elaktaGwum-Bnøk nig ó:sikadYg-suxum Pikú¡ R:C\-sara¨n´ DARA HENG ó:sika Gu)n-ehg nig kUnecA

Pikú¡ Em¨n-sux

Pikú¡ :¨n-sMm¨ay nig BuTÆbris&T vtþc&nÞsIusamK<IZm* ó:sika Ej¨m-nIm nigkUnecA

175du

166du

150du

150du

150du 140du

130du

120du 110du

110du

Pikú¡ esam-suPa ‘ZmμZera’

107du

CHHAY SEREI CHAN

105du

Pikú¡ b\TÆiBl nazbNÐieta

elak eG)]-esAç ó:skbU)-ehanagç

200du

175du

110du

200du

ó:sika lwm-éNRsIm kUnecA

185du

Pikú¡ mhabu)n-QWn

ó:sika ywm-lwm RBmTaMgkUnecA

Pikú¡ Xun-Tuy

ektu-zU

200du

120du

217du

210du

200du

ó:sk RCUk-vYn ó:sika Em¨n-pat kUnecA

ejam sarun nig kUn

elak riTÆi-s)an GñkRsIsuIv-eg¨açsupanIç lIndaç esaP&N

200du

BuTÆiksmaKm vtþZmμrgSI

elakevaha-CYn GñkRsINaRKI-CYn

220du

220du

200du

200du

elakGacarü PaK-QYn RKYsar nig kUnecA ó:sika lwm-KamTI nig buRtZIta

200du

RBHetCHKuN zun-supun

Pikú¡ nig sameNr vtþéGra¨b´

300du

200du

200du

300du

elaksuCateta-sMel]g GñkRsIsu)m-saLat´

200du

GacarüR:k´-Pac ó:sika sux-eP]n

ó:sika ern

300du

GñkRsI RATH KIM & BILL CHHAY

elakQan-saer]n GñkRsI Lwg-KImRsan

300du

elakRKUrki¡tZemμa Kg´-sUpan

elakGacarü Gu)g-Giun RBmTaMgRKYsar nig kUnecA

GñkRsIsU)-hac nig kUnecA

-506-

GñkRsI Ca-eta

elak jin-pun GñkRsI sux-saer¨t kJ¦a jin-r&tñ ó:sika Guwg-riTÆanIç ó:sikalI-bU¨lIn sIUm-bU¨

105du 105du

105du

101du

100du


-507-

-508-

elak taMg-haMgsay GñkRsICIv-suxmYy nig kUnecA

100du

elak pg´-Er¨m GñkRsI Ev¨n-eG]n

elak sarin GñkRsI Kwm-lag

100du

ó:sika sYs-éNeT[g RBmTaMgkUnecA

elakGacarü Lúg ó:sika Qag-samin ó:sika sux-saem]n tan´-sm|tþi ó:sika Gwum-NUy

MOLANIE, ALLAN, LONIS & MADELYN LIM

100du

100du

100du

ó:sika Cig-say z RBmTaMgkUnecA

100du

100du

ó:sk zøag-savn ó:sika yin-sMNag

100du

ó:sika Duc-samIn

100du

100du

kemøaH eBA rIeD[l sm|Úr

100du

100du

ó:sika kul-yn´ yaysmμa

ó:sika kg-salI nig kUnecA

100du

ó:sika ezag-mMu

GñkRsI bu)t-supanI

ó:sika Kan-sr

100du

100du 100du

elak tan´-ekA GñkRsI tan´-saer]n

100du

RBHviPTÞJ¦aN ‘RBhμ-ex[n’ vtþsuvNÑKirI

100du

ó:sika eg¨a-sU)eGg

100du

Pikú¡ bu)n-esæ{n Zmμvera

100du

Pikú¡ eG]-esA

100du

Pik ú¡ swm-es[m Zmμrki¡eta

100du

ó:sk siiun-pU elakyayBMu bNÐit tUc-plman nig RKYsar

ZYk-suTÆI

100du

ó:sika Tit-sat RBmTaMgkUnecA

100du

m¨n-siugehg Priya Lay-suxKa

100du

ó:sika Om-sgV¨an elakenRt-ehg nigkUnecA

100du

Pikú¡ mhamunI-rtñ

100du

Pikú¡ Kg´-suTÆI

elakGacarüs)n-Cug ó:sika Lúg-Eb¨n ó:sk ln´-Zn´

ó:sk Cik-vij nig ó:sika Kim-zaj´

100du

nag RBhμ-c&nÞ sUv&n nig kUnlk¡Na

100du

100du

elakGacarü Ekv-bu¨n ó:sika hac-sYg

100du

Pikú¡ Kwm-:n

100du

100du

GñkRsI sMbU-r&tñ ‘ehAhIug-su)nza’

100du

ó:sk hwum-em¨A Priya nig buRtZIta

100du

100du

Pikú¡ sux-Patr;

100du

100du

elakGacarü edak-sun ó:sika GU)-GU)c nig kUnecA

100du

ó:sika pav-saer[b nig kUnecA GñkRsI Qun-ey¨n

100du

elak Ca-RBhm¨n nag pøasaer¨t

100du

100du

Pikú¡ Gu)n-viun

100du

GñkRsI qan´-hVÚg

100du

100du

ó:sika kut-saxn nig buRtZita

100du

100du

elakRKU qay-ys ó:sika cab-sMeG[n

100du

sameNr Cim-mal&y

elakGacarü zac´-sug hug-Kimh)n´

100du

LAKHANA SAR (BONG LEAK) kUnyayern

elak bu¨k-bu)nriTÆ RBmTaMgRKYsar nig kUnecA

su)m-ra¨t´ Priya yin-XIm nig buRtZIta

100du

100du

100du

100du

Pikú¡ Lay-rin

110du

ó:sika kak´-KIKg´ nig buRtZIta

ó:sika ej¨m-Lag nig buRt

RBHetCHKuN mIu-rs

100du

100du

100du

ó:sika Gu)k-TUer¨t

Pikú¡ yin-saKuN

100du

ó:sika Qa elakta ehn

100du

RBHetCHKuNmas-KwmeGg

100du

100du

100du

100du

TAING KIM LEAANG

ó:sika Naer¨t-GU)

100du

ó:sika kak´-kYy

Gacarü visuTÆi-Om ó:sika sUt-saxn

GñkRsI Ekv-bu:öTiBV

100du

ó:sika san-eG]n RBmTaMgkUnecA

Pikú¡ Tim-júl ‘tiNkaema’

100du 100du

100du


ó:sika hIug-bU)

-509-

GñkRsI KYy-ra¨n´

100du

-510-

yay Guwg-h<ic RKI-em¨glag RKI-CinNaM

60du

100du

ó:sk Lwm-m¨atZIta ó:sika taMg-ZIXn

60du

ó:sika yin-hu)n ó:sk yin-es]n

100du

ó:sk etg-xaMsn ó:sika Zuy-bu)nm¨a

60du

elakGacarü ehg GñkRsI hu)n-Kwmsay

100du

ó:sika Pn-s)agéh nig buRtZIta ó:sika yU-Rs)n

ó:sk QMu-kusl ó:sika ehg-yin nig buRtZIta

100du

100du 100du

Pikú¡ sn-Esn

‘vtþRBHBuTÆ’

60du

Rkumevn RKYsartam¨an nig jatimiRt enAesAmunI

56du

ROSS CHANTY

55du

GñkRsI Lac-ra¨n´ nig RKYsar

55du

ó:sika Kwm-sI elak eRb[n-Kag nig Priya

100du

etA-Rcik nig kUnecA

53du

ó:sikapav-saer[b GñkRsIsk´-sael]n RKYsar

100du

ó:sk Eb¨n-jwm ó:sika tU-sari

50du

ó:sika :¨n-sariTÆ RBmTaMgkUnecA

100du

GñkRsI lwm-can´Na

100du

ó:sika Ca-lwmeGg

elak sIusuvNÑ-Ny nig Priya

ó:sika pan´-Lan nig buRtZIta

buNüó:sk sWn-eG]g ó:sika Kim-zIsI PHNOM PENP EXPRESS LOEUNG NINA GñkRsI sn-lINa ehA GaPaB kUnx\úM

100du 100du 100du

100du 90du

90du 90du

elak taMg-haMgqay GñkRsICIv-suxmY)y

90du

Pikú¡ Ca-eh]g ó:sika GU)c-sURt

90du

ó:sk CU-mI ó:sika bUlIn kUnecA

85du

ó:sika lIm-mYYyCU

bUCaRBHZm(eTsna vtþsan´taGaNa

ó:sika Titü-y¨an bu¨k-sMGan

GñkRsI es]n-suXYn RBmTaMgRKYsar

90du 88du

80du

80du

ó:sk eT[g ó:sika rYm nigkUnecA

70du

RBmTaMgbuRtZIta

70du

elak can´-ey]n GñkRsI gYn-xnç GñkRsI gYn-dkc&nÞç GñkRsI Kwm-sarun nig elak KirI

nag RKU

ó:sika lwm-Gag

ó:sika ecg-e:¨y

ó:sika gI-eq kUnecA

elak eLg-qay nig sux-m)YyCav

70du

60du 60du

60du

60du

60du

GñkRsI can´-kULabç esk-RKicç esk-TI

ó:sika e:¨-ésKØic

Pikú¡ c&nÞ-suxa vtþeBaZisuvNÑaram Gacarü eb¨-rI

ó:sika júwg

ó:sika siun-Eg¨t kJ¦a Xut

ó:sika qay-Tn Pikú¡ Gu)y-ehg ó:sika plI

53du

50du 50du

50du 50du

50du

50du 50du 50du

elak Gacarü Tik-yI

50du

GñkRsI eG)[-buiv nig kUnecA

50du

ó:sika sIl-can´ln´

DARIN & SAROM SOK

50du

50du

GñkRsI ehg-Qab

50du

Gñks)n-y¨an RKYsar nig kUnecA

50du

ó:sika su)m-rdð RBmTaMgkUnecA elakem¨A RKYsartacin AMY CHEA elak RTI-Kimem¨g GñkRsI es[k-G)amKuy ó:sika gU¨v-sIulan RBmTaMgkUnecA

elak Guwg-gY¨nhav GñkRsI Guwg-sayXIm HOUT SOU PHALLY KHUTH

50du 50du 50du

50du

50du

50du 50du

GñkRsI :n-CahY nig buRtZIta

50du

elak duH-qwy

50du

ó:sika dYg-y¨an

50du


GñkRsI mwug-éL

-511-

50du

GñkRsI EL-es[g RKYsar

50du

munI-LaM nig RKYsar

GñkRsI :n-CapicCU RKYsar nig buRt

50du

miul-Ey¨m

50du

ó:sika eG)[g-KwmhYy kJ¦a qay-yupl

ó:sk su)n-Cag ó:sika lI-LaMgCag Pikú¡ bNÐieta CIk-RBhμ

50du

mþaysameNreck

50du

Pik¡ú Zwg XIm ‘ vtþZmμnikaram ’

50du

50du

elakyay Ci b¨unLúg nig b)U ra¨suI

50du

RBHRKUecAGZikar eTB-es[g vtþéRtrtnaram RbeTs:raMg

50E

elak evg NaM nig sk´ san´nI

ó:sika Qa-h)n

50du

ó:sika RKI-esglI

50du

ó:sika TUc-Qun ó:sk Lac

elak DYg-bu¨n GñkRsI PI-rin

50du

GñkRsI sux-mYylag

50du

Pikú¡ siun-suvtæa

50du

ó:sika yU-eLa Pikú¡ R:k´-Qn

GñkRsI bu¨k-suKnÆmalI elakex[v-sMGat buRt

Pikú¡ eD]-ótþm

elak nU-c*nÞbu)nnI nig Priya ó:sika Kg´-sUPn

ó:sikaeG)[g-KwmhYy kUnecAç ó:skePaK-QMu

Kwm-esg

raC-rtn;ç ecg hu)y epg Priya nig buRtç

50du

ó:sika sIuv-yk´luy

45du

50du

ó:sika er]m

50du

ó:sika ywm-sar¨n

50du

ó:sika nub-rs´

45du

ó:sika eTs-sIuza

45du

50du

50du

50du

50du

50du

GñkRsI KImlI-pøúg

50du

ó:sika zab´-zU

50du

ó:sika Duc-saxn

elak Qun-KwmeG)[t nig Priya ó:sika taMg-Kwmlag

45du

50du

Pikú¡ suvNÑbeJ¦a esa-GU)n ó:sika m¨ar-bUrI ‘pl’

45du

45du

50du

GñkRsI sU)-en]n

45du

45du

ó:sika Kim-ecgRsu)n

Lay-nag Ca-suKMu Priya nig buRt ó:sika ent-danI ‘erIum’

ó:sika LÚ-bu)nh)ag ó:sk eGa-QIn

ó:sk hYn-CUlag

50du Guwg-sIuNa

50du

50du

Pikú¡ bJ¦aTIe: PYg-bu)nhIum

50du

ó:sika BwC

50du

yuvCn dara¨-ehg

50du 50du

Pikú¡ subeNÑa eh[b-Qan

50du

50du

50du

ó:sika ecg-éqman

50du

GñkRsI sux-Kag

elak Kg´-vut GñkRsI Gu)k-siunh)

50du

Pikú¡ suin-ezag ZmμsuveNÑa

-512-

50du

50du

50du

NatalI nig DINa

Ca-vYclag

Gwg-lagKg´ç TaLag mYy

ó:sika m¨m-Gun

ó:sk Ca-ehg ó:sika EGm-mMu ó:sika Qun-KwmRsIu nig buRtZIta ó:sika Ca-laghIu nig buRtZIta

GñkRsI zacç elakmut-qut Priya nig buRtZIta

Zmμacarü zac´-esA GacarüvibsSna

mhaó:sika Ekv-eBRC c&nÞ-sIuzul

ó:sk lak´-pn ó:sika cun-eGt ó:sk RKU eta-sVag

ó:sika QYn-g¨n

45du 45du

45du

45du

45du 45du

45du

45du

45du 45du 45du

45du

44du

44du

44du 44du


-513-

-514-

GñkRsIesk-NavI esk-maZin esk-munIrtna Kwm-bu:ödnNa 44du

eG)[r-zaj´ nig kUnecA

GñkRsI raMg-suhVInIç GñkRsI raMg-suNnþa

Tan´-say TIv-er¨m nig kUnecA

35du

35du

elak GaMg-sUva¨n´ nig Ehm-c&nÞsupl

42du

elak sunn-sux nih Ehm-cnÆI

42du

42du

y¨g´-malI

RtaMg-Edn nig kUnecA

ó:sika el]m-Lm

40du

yU-KuNvut Priya nig kJ¦a yU-munIr&tñ

elak qay-RTI nig GñkRsI lI-eG[veqg

40du

lwm-bu)neZ]n min-sava¨n´ nig kun

ó:sika taMg-kYy

ó:sika Xut-sutç GñkRsIraMg-punç

TuM-NariTÆ esg-daenRt nig buRtZIt

40du

40du

ó:sika QU-ERcg

40du

elak FRANK LY

40duu

Pikú¡ Twm-jú¨l

ó:skezt-rinçó:sikaem¨A-xat´ç ezt-kUç Guwm-ek]tç rin-kuslç rin-cMerInç suIv-vir;ç b\TÆi-rtn; ó:sika can´-jwm

40du

40du

40du

yk´-RBIda kJ©na nig kUn

elak Cin-suKnÆ GñkRsI ehg-sIuh)ag ó:sika hu)n-Bt RBmTaMgbuRtZIta

GkRsI DI-vNÑ; nig RKYsar

ó:sika CMu-Xn ó:sk RBM-rit nig buRt GñkRsI vNÑarI nig RKYsar

RKYsar esg-KIm nig Priya MARY DY

40du

35du

elak rULg´-DI EBk-supan

elakRsI su)y-pløI kumara GaLicsinda kumarI GJ¢lI

kJ¦a y¨m-cinþaç kJ¦a y¨m-plaç kJ¦a y¨m-c&nÞru¨g elak y¨m-KirIva¨n´ GñkRsI Kwm-suPaB

GñkRsI tUc-sarI

40du

ó:sika eh[n-sUÉm

elak kaMg-ehg GñkRsItan´-GayKYn

35du

elak GY)g-Kagehg GñkRsI ehA-em¨g nig buRtZIta

KY-hIug nig kUnecA

35du

elak ebg-Cut GñkRsI sIuv-ehg nig buRtZIta

GñkRsI gY¨n-Kwmesg

Kg´-sU nig kUnecA

EGm-edIg nig kUnecA

40du

35du

35du 35du

35du

35du

40du

Pikú¡ cab-j¨m

35du

elak KYy-suvNÑariTÆi GñkRsI bu)t-r&tñ

elak KYy-suzun GñkRsI ln´-sIunYn

40du

40du

35du

35du

:¨n´-suxehg Priya :¨n´-suxun

ó:skKYy-Zun ó:sika ZUr-mMu

35du

elak jwm-EBk mMu-saer]n

ó:sk y¨m-Edg ó;sika ehg-va¨n´DI

40du

35du

Pikú¡ eBRC-suZIr

ó:sika kan´-qn

40du

40du

35du

35du

elak rU-samlI RBmTaMgbuRt

40du

35du

ó:sika Guit-Lúm

40du

NARY

35du

35du

But-suKnÆvarI

40du

35du

elak RBMú-Lay nig Priya

ó:sika éz-taMg

Pikú¡ swm-yIm

GñkmIg sn-eLn

35du

35du

40du

40du

35du

elak eBA-kuc GñkRsI eTs-h)n

ev]n

yuvCn lI-suviciRt ‘bUra¨’

35du

kumara y¨m-er¨nDI kumarI y¨m-XalI ó:sika ecg-Rsu)n

35du 35du

35du 35du

35du

ó:sk mIu-sar¨n ó:sika LaMg-Cag

35du

GñkRsI zg-cYb

35du

ó:sk DYg-Eqm ó:sika Gu)y-G)at

ó:sika er]n-raC ó:sk q-ePaK nig buRtZIta ó:sika Gu)n-pUr nig buRtZIta

35du

35du 35du

35du

35du

35du


-515-

-516-

ó:sika biul-saKuN nig buRtZIta

35du

ó:sika Gu)k-el]b

elak Eb¨n-suxn GñkRsI Xiv-esdða

35du

RkumRKYsar kUnecA ejam G)n-sr

GñkRsI tan´-eqgsIum nig buRtZIta

35du

elak KU-bu)nkan GñkRsI esg-zg

35du

ó:sk Gun-ln ó:sika ehg-ln´

35du

elak pn-vI GñkRsI ln-eLg

elak eG[m-XunNavuZ GñkRsI éN-yMu

30du

35du

ó:sika b)it-zgxaM

30du

32du

elakGacarü bu¨k-eZ]n ó:sika jaN-eQ]m

30du

elak Kwm-kn GñkRsI Kwm-Narin nig buRt

30du 30du

zan sUpun nig eZ]nya¨v

ó:sika lwm-QYn

30du

ó:sika G)at-eGg

32du

nag pan´-Na

YAN SIM

30du

35du

ó:sk esg-sUt ó:sika sunÞr¾-Zwg ó:sk qug-jib ó:sika srit-sYm

ó:sika sU-es[n ehA sUpn-sU

nag qat-eqam nig buRtZIta lI-ra¨nI vitæara-tan´

32du

ó:sika e:¨-eyg nig buRtZIta

30du

ó:sika can´-KImhY)y

30du

30du

30du

30du

ó:sika Tn-yin

30du

elak DI-sUpl GñkRsI hYy-sat

30du

elak RKI-Cinlag nig suxa

30du

30du

30du

ó:sika es]g-el]g ó:sika yan

30du

ó:sk Ekm-san

30du

GñkRsI Lay-KuyeGg RBmTaMgbuRt

30du

ó:sika G)ak-KIm

30du

ó:sika muM-Kwmeqg

elakGacarü enRt-eK]n

30du

ó:sika Kwm-hU

ó:sika R:k´-han

ó:sika esg-Kwmh)n ó:sika b)it-zgxaM ó:sk sYK(-Rsu)n

30du

30du

30du 30du

GñkRsI supn-exn

30du

ó:sika Gu)n-yun

30du

ó:sika Cin-sIuveGg Pikú¡ sniþ:letær

Qn-GUn

LIHOUR PROM

30du

GñkRsI rs´-esAra¨n

30du

30du

ó:sika mYg-c&nÞ nig buRtZIta

30du

ó:sika SENG SEANG LIM

30du

ó:sika sr-yut

30du

TOUCH & SIMONE

30du

elak gik-lI lki¡Na-lI nig RkumRKYsar

30du

30du

30du

ó:sika va¨n´-da

30du

ó:sk CMu-ehg

30du

Pikú¡ exmieya eG]n-h)ag

elak ePa-supat GñkRsIsux-yI

30du

elak mas-Kg´ GñkRsI mas-TUc

30du

Pikú¡ siumhk-ehg

elak sMbU-can´ GñkRsI Gwn-júI

30du

30du

Pikú¡ Zmμvineya TUc-pn Pikú¡ ywm-viciRt

GñkRsI bu¨k-suKnÆaruZ

30du

30du

30du 30du

30du

ó:sk RBm-pn ó:sika eBaZi-BaC ó:sika GU)-yutæanI eLg can´ rsμI ó:sika Ext-XI

ó:sika Gwm-sav

30du

30du

30du

30du

ó:skes)[k-Rsu)n ó:sika Kit-Rs)un

30du

elak can´-sam¨n´ GñkRsI pløI

30du

elak XYn Nun nig sk´ suInYn elak eh]t-em]n GñkRsI CIva¨

ó:sk Kat-RCwm ehA savI

30du

30du 30du


-517-

-518-

ó:sika xat´ ó:sika en]y-ex]m

30du

elak Qwm-saxn GñkRsI Lac-saer]n

21du

Pikú¡ Bisidð-kMsanþ

30du

GñkRsI mu¨n-ra¨mIu

21du

ó:sika CI ó:sk bU¨n PIkú¡ Kl-sIunYn

ó:sika va¨y-run

elakGacarü ZUr-em¨A ó:sika yuwy-y¨ag

30du

30du

elak ekA-Cin GñkRsI Ekv-lYn

21du

GñkRsI mu¨n-sUpn

21du

27du

ó:sika Cuk-es]n

20du

25du

ó:sk QWn-bu)nlWt nig Priya

27du

GñkRsI Nub-NMu

20du

GñkRsI bU¨-Nn

20du

25du

ó:sika sy-b)un

20du

IM KIMCHHORN

25du

ó:sika lwm-yu¨m ehA salI

ó:sika tat-munI

25du

ó:sk es ó:sika sug

25du

NCHIN & CHAI EATON

25du

GñkRsI Ém-eBA

25du

Kan´-da kan´-suZa

24du

ó:sika sr-yut nig buRtZIta

ó:sk yim-hiri nig Priya su)m-eBt

27du

Gwum-can´

GñkRsI nin-Din

R:k´-Gat´

25du

ó:sika es[k-es[n kJ¦a yin-can´Nara

20du

20du

20du 20du

ó:sik zac´-er¨g

20du

elak tUc-ób|ala ‘qWt’

20du

Ca-EkvbUrun san-suxa

20du

SAORAN LATOUR

20du

BIN VETH

20du

BIN TOUCH

20du

22du

BIN ARTH

20du

BIN RITH

20du

GñkRsI sarMu nig kUnecA

22du

BIN BO

bgRsI sarum-biuc

22du

elak bin-kan´ GñkRsI r&tñ-zn kan´-eZ]n kan´-suxa GñkRsI TONG TIBET

bc©&bMsukUl enAvtþsan´taGaN ó:sika exm-ERcs

elak sMra¨n-vNÑda GñkRsI yin-y¨an kJ¦a yin-vn´

24du

22du 22du

21du

ó:sk yuaMg-sIug ó:sika zg-s)y

21du

b¨uk-KYn nig kUnecA

21du

esg-nI nig kUnecA

elak hug-Ék GñkRsI pat-júib ó:sika sux-hYg

elak zac´-bu)nZI GñkRsI eD]g-sara¨t GñkRsI Ekv-c&nÆI nig buRt

ó:sika buic-suxum nig buRt

elak Qim-eG]g GñkRsI Qwm-vNÑa

21du

21du

21du

21du 21du

21du

21du

20du

GñkRsI sIum-bu:ö nig buRt

20du

mut-supl ePa-sUev]n

20du

GñkRsI hM-sMGat nig buRt

20du

elak G)ab-haMgXun GñkRsI Guwg-lIKag

20du

GñkRsI eZ]n elakem¨A buRtZIta

20du

ó:sika esþIg-muy

elak su)m-vNÑ; GñkRsI vNÑI buRtZIta ó:sika Ehm-ywm

20du 20du

20du

sameNr Ecm-sava¨t ó:sika su)um-su)k

20du

GñkRsI suP®kþ-eD]g

20du

yuvCn zac´-cnnI Gwum-salI

20du

20du


ó:sika elg

-519-

hug (HONG)

GñkRsI lI-KwmsIu

Ev¨n-saer]n

20du

elak zaMg-ecv RBmTaMgRKYsar

20du

20du

elak zac´-ezg GñkRsI R:k´-sam

20du

kJ¦a lI-sUlINa

20du

20du 20du

ó:sk eck-Xan

20du

elak Ca-hY)g GñkRsI tU-supan´Na

20du

ó:sk Qun-em¨A

GñkRsI pa-qay¨asIu

-520-

20du

ó:sika mil-m¨alI

kJ¦a lI-zugsUlIda

ó:sk lI-zug ó:sika maX-Kwmsan YONG SITHON

20du

ó:sika GU)-eqg nig kUnRsI lIda

GñkRsI Kwm-ehg

20du

ó:sk sYn-sari ó:sika Twm-j¨

SEAK CHEA

20du

GñkRsI Kwm-han GñkRsI mIu-suZar Qin-lI

(CHIN LEE)

ó:sika tUc-XunNag BOU SAMY ó:sika gI-eq

elak hiun-suvNÑ nag Guwg-mYyh)ag GñkRsI lwm-bu:ö

20du

va¨tZir;

20du

ó:sika jaN-suM

20du

20du

elak hYy-y¨ug GñkRsI hu)n-saru¨m nig buRt

20du

ó:sika Ny-bu)nm¨a

20du

sU)-Lúg EN-ywm

20du

ó:sika Kg´-suKnÆa nig buRtZIta

20du

elak sn-Nat nig RKYsar

20du

elak sM-saer]n GñkRsI em]n-yuwg

20du

20du

20du

lwm-jú¨l Bin-Giut nig kUnecA

20du

20du

20du

20du

elakRKUsURt pl

20du

20du

Pikú¡ suZmμb|eJ¦a c&nÞ-sIuç ó:sika su)y-sag

20du

20du

tUc-ób|ala ‘qwt’

20du

20du

GñkRsI sIum-sar¨n nigRKYsar bu:ö-sIum

Ca-EkvbUrun san-suxa

20du

20du

20du

ó:sika sIu-eln

20du

elak saer]t-rit nig RKYsar

GñkRsI lI-Eg¨t elakkUv-Kih©lg´

GñkRsI can´-lI

20du

20du

20du

20du

ó:sika Lúg-sIunYn

20du

elak ex[v-darar&tñ GñkRsI gYn-c&nÞza

20du

Mr. CHM KHOUN lwm-suIvb)I nig buRtkμÜy Gwug-bu)n-em¨A BisI-eC[v buRtZIta PHATH RTH

20du

20du 20du

20du

20du

ó:sika mYg-es]n nig buRt

20du

Qit-dav suCata elak lI-suxEDn qI-m¨alINa

20du

elak pU-cy GñkRsI yI

20du

ó:sika es[k-es[n

20du

GñkRsI em¨A-eh[g

ó:sika Gu)n-G)n

ó:sika eBRC-sYn

elak kg-CYn GñkRsITUc-er¨n

20du 20du

20du

ó:sika lwm-y¨um ehA salI

elak ex[v-saer]n nig RKYsar

20du

20du

elak Duk-bu)nPit nig Nm-vit

elak em-bu¨g

20du

20du

20du

ó:sika zac´-er¨g

20du

20du

kJ¦a yin-can´Nara

20du

suxumç elakr&tñ-vu¨nç DI-y¨anIç rUsalInç rUsanINara

ó:sk Kwm-saMg ó:sika sYs

ó:sika sy-bu)n

sux-nIn nag Cwm-kJ¦a

20du 20du

20du


GñkRsI hIum-Lúg

-521-

GñkRsI nI-pa nig PVamI

GñkRsI sYn-vI nig sVamI

20du

ó:sk Ekv-qat ó:sika ng-run

18du

20du

RsI-eh]n nig kUn

18du

20du

ó:sika Gu)n-ép ehAsIuza

20du

elak sIum-sarit GñkRsI h)y-Esn nig buRtZIta

20du

GñkRsI va¨n´-eP[

20du

GñkmIg em¨A-sarun

20du

ó:sika ju¨k-hY RBmTaMgbuRt GñkRsI qun-rit nig RKYsar

elak R:k´-Pn GñkRsI Pin-va¨n´Nan

20du

GñkRsI sIum-saErn elak epg-hYt nig buRt

20du

TUc-lwmesg Emn-suex]n

20du

elak bu¨k-suKnÆaNa

ó:sika QW-suIvh)ag ó:sika mas-da

ó:sika can´-sUpat

-522-

20du

ó:sk ekA-lIesg ó:sika cab´-m¨anI sIum-evgKav nig kUn

elak sUt-etg GñkRsI h)y-es[n nig buRtZIta

18du 18du

18du

18du

elak lwm-Tit GñkRsI Esm-suxun

18du

Gñk«tmaneQμaH

17du

elak h)y-suzan GñkRsI su)m-m¨ac nig buRt

20du

ó:sika G)av-bY)y nig buRtZIta

20du

GñkRsI taMg-CavNÑ;

20du

18du

elak sarYn nig RKYsar

Gacarü Gu)k-Esm ó:sika hg´-Cwm

18du 17du

15du

15du 15du

Tayika BisI

20du

ó:sika sat´-can´

15du

Qit-dav c&nÞsita Ekv-suvNÑ

20du

elak Kwm-sarun GñkRsI rU-KirI

15du

SOUPHAPHONE KEOVONGKOT

15du

ó:sika xan´-hYy

ó:sk Xun-em¨hav ó:sika es[v-eqg ó:sika Kg´-ey¨n SOPHAN TAN elak sux-em]t GñkRsI ehg-va¨n´

20du 20du 20du 20du

elak R:k´-pn GñkRsI Pin-:Nan ó:sika Eqm-Lab nig buRtZIta GñkRsI ra¨nI elak BuTÆCn nig buRtZIta

20du

elakes[v-KImvYc nig Priya

RBhμ-mas suvNÑ

20du

elak es[n GñkRsI criya

elak LaMg-Kimeqg

20du

elak sU)-swum GñkRsI Kin-sMbUr ó:sika ys-m¨n Tayk supl

elakGacarü zac´-guk Ca-Kimtak

20du

20du

20du

elak TUc-TiB GñkRsI exm-PaB

15du 15du

15du

15du

15du 15du

elak eBIg-ey]m

15du

eBIg-ciretC

15du

GñkRsI eBIg-suxum

15du

20du

eBIg-cirvNÑ

elak suyuTÆ-ecLa GñkRsI RCUk-hac

20du

nag lki¡Na

elak Ca-s)uvtæna GñkRsIXun-sUnIm¨a nig buRt

20du

ó:sika eTs-sun nig kUnecA

14du

GñkRsIsk´-sMen[g nig RKYsar

20du

elak zac´-QYg GñkRsI Ey¨m-cnÆÚ nig buRtZIta

14du

ó:sika hgS-sMGul h)un-Kwmehg

ó:sika h-su)n

Gacarünag-Nat

20du

20du

20du

20du

yaMug-vinña

elak sUg-suPaB GñkRsI sUg-malI

elak sux-ehg ó:sika es]g-eGg GñkRsI em]n-rsμI nig buRtZIta

15du

15du 14du

14du 14du

13du


yaMug-daM

-523-

ó:sika cab-Xin

ó:sika ém¨-saer¨t ó:sika pan´-sYg

12du

san-sIuXn

11du

san-suxXn ys´-suvNÑ

11du

-524-

san-suMpit sux-Ca

10du 10du

10du

11du

Pikú¡ Ey¨m-Nak bsSenña

elak esg-sut GñkRsI h)y-eBA

11du

G)ak-taMg

10du

elak esg-sIum GñkRsI Ej¨m-eK]n

11du

GñkRsI KYc-XIm

10du

GñkRsI Lac-supl

11du

kJ¦a hug-PanI

elak esg-siun nig kUn esg-salINa kJ¦a esg-rtna

11du

11du

TI CHHOR GñkRsI sux-sM

10du 10du

10du

11du

ó:sika G)um-zul

10du

ó:sika Eg¨t-hYy

11du

elak suvNÑ-Qun ó:sika Eb¨n

10du

elak esk-Gag

11du

elak ywm-esg GñkRsIes]n

10du

nag Lac-supan

11du

kJ¦a Ey¨m-RsImuM

elak Ekv-Ekn EBk-suPa

11du

elak bwuk-Qag GñkRsI Ehm-eqge:¨

GñkRsI sIusuvtæi c&nÞ vløki¡Na

elak h)y-suxa GñkRsI cnÆI nig buRtZIta elak EBk-sMeG[t kut-ér¨

elak EBk-sMNag RsI EGm elak EBk-smÖsS

nut-sIum Gu)-sIun

11du 11du

11du

11du

ó:sika hu)y-Pn GñkRsI sIm-Kav

10du

kJ¦a Ey¨m-RsIGUn

10du

ó:ska nYn-esg ó:sika Kg´-Nara¨n´

10du

ó:sika vin elakta eC]m kUnecA

10du

ó:sika eb-ey¨n

10du

10du

elakGacarü sam-KuN ó:sika r&tñ-rI

dnøgó:sikaqan´-kan´CYg

ó:sika lI-sarI

10du

10du

10du

10du 10du

10du

10du

10du

elak sanI GñkRsI Pirun nigbuRtZIta

10du

ó:sika cwk-eg]n

10du

GñkRsI ehg-Qab

10du

GñkRsI sYn-suxum

bu)t-suxa

10du

ó:sk saer]n ó:sika bu¨k-min

10du

GñkRsI s-suxa

epg-nag

10du

10du

nag :y-GUn nig RkumRKYsar

Pikú¡ RBM-es[n

10du

10du

10du

elak sara¨t-rit nig RKYsar

10du

ó:sika Eg¨t-xun

elak bu)n-el]g nig Priya

ó:sika eBA-yWn ó:sk Guwm-Xn

10du

11du

ó:sika lI-sayCU

ó:sika ehg-sIuveT[g nig buRtZIta

10du

GñkRsI bu)n-ehg

10du

GñkRsI BMu-sUPI elak mYg-sMGat

ó:sika mu¨m-rI

10du

10du 10du 10du

elak Gu)m-supl GñkRsI Lúg-Pa

10du

elak mas-saMg

10du

GñkRsI Dug-bPavtþI sVamI nig buRt

10du

ó:sika can´-Lúg nig kUncan´-lI GñkRsI RBwn-ra¨n´

GñkRsI nYn-suPI

10du

10du

10du


-525-

GñkRsI jwk-lI

kJ¦a em[c-mkra

10du

Tayk zn

10du

elaksirI-sM:n nig RKYsar

10du

elak Ekv-kusl

10du

KAO CHANDANY GñkRsI Cam-hVwg

10du

ejam es[g-lim

ó:sika sux-y¨an

elak y¨av-nag nagsuxa

elak Gu)k-su)m GñkRsI Gu)k-epgeLg

10du

ó:sika Gwm-eG]n

GaPa

10du

ó:sika miul-buic

elak Giuj-sij GñkRsI Cuy-éNGuij

10du

elak mURt-viciRt GñkRsIEk-es]n

10du

lIm-suxCU

10du

GñkRsI GIu-ywk EGm-mI-yaM

10du

qan´-Cn

GñkRsI Et-sIuvlag

elakCYg-:¨n nag jiúl-maliH nig júil-«®nÞIy¾ nag KIM ROS

-526-

10du

10du

10du 10du

ejam lINa

ó:sika twk-Gun

10du 10du

10du

10du 10du 10du

10du

10du 10du

ó:sika EGm-eTt

10du

ó:sika G)ab-c&nÞlI

10du

ó:sk esk-mu¨n ó:sika Ekv-G)n ó:sika yin-Ekm ó:sika muwg-ln´

10du 10du

10du

GñkRsI eG]n-sarI

10du

Qit-davKuNRTI

10du

CHAYA DARY nig kUnTaMg 2

10du

EmLÚ-zaenaka

ó:sika TUc-y¨un

10du

Qit-davciRta

10du

ó:sika RBH-Qag

10du

elak eTs-samit

10du

ó:sika Lúg-GIu ó:sika b)n-ra¨

10du

nag lI-Eq

GñkRsI pan´-sarIm

ó:sk zac´-sUpat

elakyay tan´-:¨v

10du

10du GñkRsI yg-vnñI

davI-rit

ó:sika RbIy-y¨um

10du

10du

Qit-davesA-va¨nñI ó:sika eG]g Tayika cnÆÚ

ó:sika pan-Lúg

10du

yaMug-sKuN

10du

yaMug-suIvut

10du

7du

10du

elak sYn-c&nÞI GñkRsI Kwm-lI

10du

elak biul-eG[t GñkRsI sIuNa

elakRsI m¨a-suTÆ GñkRsI G)ag-Cav

10du 10du

9du

GñkRsI Cin-vIra¨ nig sVamI

GñkRsI y¨g´-em¨A

elak PU-etg GñkRsI ZI

9du

9du

10du 10du

10du

yaMug-sevt

elak bU)-eyIn nig sumalI GñkRsI jwb

10du

9du

10du 10du

10du

hu)uy-sevt

ó:sika GY)-ng

elak eZ]m GñkRsI ENb

10du

ó:sika Ca-KYr

9du 7du

elak Cin-eb[løI nig RsI nut

7du

elak eb¨g-lI nig surtn¾

7du

GñkRsI Ekv-ev¨t

7du

7du 7du


ó:sika eQ]m-ra¨n´

-527-

GñkRsI hg´-Kwmy¨an

ó:sika Lag

ó:sika sM-yin

ó:sika DYg-c&nÞbu:ö nig buRt elak er¨m-GYn

ó:sika Em¨n-sium ó:sika Lag GU)c-er]n

ó:sika su)n-Lay

GñkRsI Cwc-Ng nig GIu-xVan´nI

7du

7du 7du

7du

GñkRsI Pin-nI

7du

7du

7du

7du

7du

elak zU-c&nÞtara nig RKYsar

7du

GñkRsI zU-nika nig RKYsar

7du

elak zU-suxra¨n´ nig RKYsar

7du

7du

7du

elak sUuIm-samu¨n GñkRsI sMsuxn

7du

sUg-suP&N

7du

eNn-suxCa

sUg-Epmm¨aLa

elak lwm-etAexg GñkRsI ehg-sIuhn sUg-suPa

hu)uy-eRbssiN hu)y-eRbstUn

ó:sika sut-eTB Qit-davsuxanI

elak man-GanI

ó:sika rs´-sMu

elakyay l nag-bu¨k Ej¨m-saer¨t sin-DI

Gcarü CU-mI ó:sika bUlIn kUn

ó:sika bU)-Lay

ó:sika GMu-m¨c

ó:sika TUc-sMbUr

7du

7du

GñkRsI zU-ra¨n´DI nig RKYsar

ó:sika eqg-yan

7du

elakta eG]-es]n elakyay Kim-Qun ó:sika vg-hVwg nig kUn zU-saeLA

ó:ska Qan

7du

7du

7du 7du 6du

6du

6du 5du 5du 5du

5du 5du

5du

5du

5du

-528-

SAMNANG TOUCH & SOKHEUN ó:sika ehg-ehg CHOY PHANIXAY elak PYg-ennA nig Priya

5du 5du 5du 5du 5du

5du

5du 5du

5du

ó:sika Gu)m-mu¨n

5du

elak Rbm-RKYc nig Priya

5du

ó:sika XYn-xaM

elak Gat´ GñkRsI yin-yi

5du

5du

elak Emk-saxn GñkRsI lI-Lúg

5du

ó:sika Titü-eln

5du

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elakta CMu-sun

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GñkRsI esg-pløi

CHOUK PHEUN BUNHANG KON

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elak Ekv-can´ GñkRsI Xwm-eGg

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sUmRbeKnBr nig CUnBr ♣♣♣

2630 N. Grand Ave. Santa Ana, CA 92705 (714) 744-2844 U.S.A Tak´Tg; Pikú¡ y¨an-sarun

vtþnYnmunIram ‘ehAvtþzan´’ PñMeBj 022-87-30-09 nig Tak´Tg; Pikú¡R:k´-pløI

vtþbTumvtI PñMeBj 092-94-67-87 ¼

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Vishuddimakpre-Part1  

សូមរីករាយ ទាញយកនិងរក្សាទុក ដើម្បីធ្វើជាធម្មទានតទៅ។ សូមអនុមោទនា!!.

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