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BÇsÇ2552 ♣ ♣♣

samKðIVnsux¨BHBuTìeTsna

PaK TIPaK1 TI2

cUrCatiexmrap§Hp§aeTIbCa

ExμrsamKðIK~akm¬õCaVnsux ♣ ♣♣

Pikú¡vinyZera mhayin-en]n vtþExμrsan´taGaNa

.

visuTiìmKðE¨b

¨sLaj’CatiExμr¨tUvEtkarBar

visuTiìmKðE¨b ERbeday

sa®sþacarü Cit-Cn ‘ehAyin-sURt’ er[ber[geday Pikú¡vinyZera mhayin-en]n I G i

e:HBum¬pSayCaZmμTanecjBI

vtþExμrsan´taGaNa

2630 N. Grand Ave. Santa Ana, CA 92705 (714) 744-2834 U.S.A.

shrdðGaemrik elIkTI1

cMnYn 5ç000 k|al rkSasiTÆi

PaKTI1

BÇ sÇ 2552


rUbM CIrti mc©anM nameKatþM n CIrti

Pikú¡vinyZera mhayin-en]n ekIt ézáTI10 Exkk,da 1952

PUmiTYlRBM Rsukemagb\sSI extþ:t´dMbg

sa®sþacarü Cit-Cn

ekIt ézáTI06 Ex01 qñaM 1935

enAPUmiRtBaMgZMxageCIg RsukRtaMkk´ extþtaEkv

   


-x-

Garm¸kfa

elaksa®sþacarü rs´-saevnç elaksa®sþacarü Cit-Cn ehA

‘rbs´Gñker[ber[g’ es[vePA ²bkrN¾viesseQμaHvisuTÆimK<ERb³ EdlsaZuCn GñkRsLaj´RBHZm( kMBugEtGanCab´nwgédenH :nekIteLIgeday RBHraCeyablén semþcRBHmhaeXasannÞ ‘va¨-y¨av’ enAeBl EdlxM\ú ‘Pikú¡vinyZera mhayin-en]n’ :nykKm¬Irmg<ltæTIbnI ERbTaMgbYnPaK eTAzVaysemþc enAvtþsMeBAmas Exvisax qñaM kur qs&k BÇsÇ 2539 KWqñaM 1995 enaH .

semþcRTg´:nman

RBHraCbnÞÚlza ²es[vePAmg<ltæTIbnIERb TaMg 4 PaKenH CYy CaRbeyaCn¾ dl´BuTÆbris&TExμreyIg:neRcInNas´ÇÇÇ ebIGacERb Km¬Ir visuTÆimK< TaMgbIPaK ‘1’ EdlenACaPasa:lI mkCaPasa sMrayExμreyIg:neT[tenaH KWCakarRbesIrNas´ eRBaHExμreyIg sBVézáenH mankarxVHxatk|Ünc|ab´ xagEpñkRBHBuTÆsasna eRcIn Nas´ sUmERbniger[ber[ges[vePA visuTÆimK< TaMgbIPaK o:n CabnþeTAeT[t edIm|ICYyExμreyIgÇÇdz . ehtuenH

x\úMk*:nTTYlza

nwgERb

ehIyer[ber[geZVIes[vePA

yin-sURt’ nig sa®sþacarü ETn-suxn CaedIm edIm|IrYmédKña bkERbKm¬Ir bkrN¾viess eQμaHvisuTÆimK< EdlenACaPasa:lI mkCaPasasRmayExμreyIg o:ncb´sBVRKb´TaMgbIPaK ehIy k*:nsMercKñaCaÉkcä&nÞza oelaksa®sþacarü Cit-Cn TTYlERb PaKTI1 elaksa®sþacarü rs´-saevn ERbPaKTI2 ‘1’ nig o elaksa®sþacarü ETn-suxn TTYlERbPaKTI3 ehIy:nsMerc oxúM\CaGñkEksMrYl RtYtBinitü epÞ{gpÞat´ nig er[ber[g RBmTaMg rknUvfvikaedIm|Ie:HBum¬pg .

bnÞab´BI:nRbwkSaKñarYceRscehIy

eyIgTaMgGs´Kña manesckþIrMePIbxøaMgNas´cMeBaHkic©karenH . enAeBlEdlelaksa®sþacarüTaMg 3 :nbkERbmkCaPasa ExμreyIgxøH> ehIy k*:nbJ¢ÚnnUvsMeNA EdlsresrCaGkSréd eTAox\úM edIm|IEksMrYlepÞ{gpÞat´ niger[ber[gCabeNþIr> eBlEdl x\úM:nTTYlsMeNAenaHehIy x\úM:nykeTABinitüepÞ{gpÞat´ CamYy nwgKm¬IrvisuTÆimK< CaPasa:lI EdlRBHBuTÆeXasacarü :ner[b

visuTÆimK< enH o:nseRmc smtamRBHraCeyablénsemþcRBH

er[gCagmYyBan´qñaM

mhaeXasannÞ . enAkúñgqñaMkur qs&k BÇs 2539 dEdlenaH

Pøat´BIPasa:lIedImenaH

x\Múk*:nCYbRbwkSa CamYyelaksa®sþacarüCaeRcInrUb EdlkMBugEt

mankarPøaMgPøat´edayGectna sUmelakGñkGanCYyEktRmUvpg’.

beRg[nsmNnisSit enABuTÆikviTüal&y

edIm|IkMuomankarxusPøaMg

eday:nykcitþTukdak´bMputÇÇÇ

‘EtebI

rYmman

dUecñH karEdlelaksa®sþacarüTaMgenaH bkERbenH x\úMeXIj

1- Km¬Ir visuTÆimK<TaMgbIPaK manelakGñkERbBImunmkxøH> ehIyEdr bu¨Enþ

za :nERbtamRBHéRtbidkxøH ERbepSgBIRBHéRtbidkxøH EtesckþI

min:nERbocb´sBVRKb´TaMgGs´eT

naTIRkugPñMeBj

knøgmkehIyenaH

ERbkat´ecal:lIPaKeRcIn

KWERbeRCIs

erIsykEtesckþIEbbxøI> mker[ber[gEtbu¨eNÑaHÉg BMu:ncb´sBVRKb´eT .

nwgGtæn&yminCaxusKñaeT .

luHx\úMeXIjdUecñH x\úMk*:nEksMrYlo

1-sa®sþacarüCit-CnERbtBIsa®sþacarürs´-saevnBIGnusStinieTÞsdl´cb´.


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RtUvtamRBHéRtbidkCaPasaExμreyIg ehIyx\úM:ndak´Caelxeyag

er[g enAÉRbeTsshrdðGaemrikvij x\úM:nTTYlsMeNAvisuTÆimK<

edIm|IbJ¢ak´R:b´Km¬Ir ‘PaK nig TMB&r’ o:nc|as´ nig edIm|Igay

PaKTI2 Edlelaksa®sþa rs´-saevn ERbenaH mkcab´epþImEk

RsYlkñúgkarRsavRCavbEnæm sMrab´smNnisSitnigGñkbtibtííþ .

sMrYl nig er[ber[g enAézác&nÞ 5 ekIt ExPRTbT qñaMc Gdðs&k

x\úM:nyksMeNAvisuTÆimK<ERb PaKTI1 Edlelaksa®sþacarü

BÇsÇ 2550 RtUvnwgézáTI 28 ExsIha qñaM 2006 ehIy:ncb´

Cit-Cn :nERbehIyenaH mkEksMrYl nig er[ber[g muneKbgÁs´

sBVRKb´ enAézáGg<ar 3ekIt ExecRt qñaMCUt nBVs&k BÇsÇ 2551

enAkñúgExmaX BÇsÇ 2539 ‘12 mIna qñaM 1996’ ehIy:n cb´

RtUvnwgézáTI 8 Exemsa qñaM 2008 .

sBVRKb´ enAézác&nÞ 3 ekIt Expl<úN qñaMCUt Gdðs&k BÇsÇ 2540 RtUvnwgézáTI10 ExmIna 1997 .

Km¬IrvisuTÆimK<ERb TaMgbIPaKenH EdlRk:ne:HBum¬pSayenaH mkBIrg´caMPaK TI2 pg nig eRBaHBMuTan´manzvikaRKb´RKan´pg .

bnÞab´BIer[ber[gPaKTI1 cb´ehIyeTIbx\úMcab´epþImEksMrYlepÞ{g

kñúgkarERber[ber[genH

x\úMsUmxnþIGP&yeTasGMBIsMNak´RBH

pÞat´ PaKTI3 bnþeTAeT[t Edlelaksa®sþa ETn-suxn :nERb

etCHRBHKuN RBHezranuezr; Gs´elakEdleqø{vqøatkñúgPasaExμr

xøH>ehIy . CaGkusl KYrosþayxøaMgNas´ elaksa®sþacarü

nigPasa:lI ehIysUmemtþaGnueRKaH dl´Gñker[ber[gpg . xúM\

ETn-suxn

sUmTTYlnUvkarriHKn´BIRKb´mCÄdðanTaMgGs´ Edl:neXIjkMhus

ERb:nBak´kNþalEtbu¨eNÑaH

elakk*:nGnic©kmμ

eTA bnSl´TuknUvPar;enHoeTAelaksa®sþacarü nU-Cwm TTYlERb bnþeTAeT[t Etelaksa®sþa nU-Cwm ERb:nEtbIbYnTMB&r k*Qb´ eTAvij eRBaHmankarrvl´xøaMgeBk dUecñHPar;enH RtUvZøak´mkelIx\úM Gñker[ber[geTAvij ehIyx\úMk*:ncab´epþImERbÇÇÇ nig :ncb´sBV RKb´enAézá BuZ 8 erac Exktiþk qñaMxal sMriTÆis&k BÇsÇ 2542 RtUvnwg ézáTI11 Exvicäika qñaM 1998 . ehIy:no Pikú¡ eG]-esA CYyvaycmøgÇÇÇ EtBMuTan´:nsMerceT x\úMRtUvEksaCazμImþgeT[t . cMENkÉsMeNA visuTÆimK<ERb PaKTI2 vijenaH Pikú¡ mhasmys vtþm¨ak´sIu enARbeTs:raMg TTYlykeTAEksMrYl nig er[b er[g Etelakrvl´xøaMgeBk k*:nRbKl´mkox\úMEksMrYl nig er[b

Rtg´kEnøgNanImYyenaH ehIypþl´Caeyabl edIm|InwgCYyEklMG Km¬IrvisuTÆimK<ERb TaMgbIPaKenH o:nlÁRbesIreLIg nig edIm|I CYyRTRTg´nUvGayuCIvit énRBHBuTÆsasna rbs´Gg<RBHsmμasm¬úTÆ éneyIg o:nrIkcMerIn ruger]g er[gteTAmuxeT[t . sUmGrRBH KuN nig sUmGrKuNTukCamun .

PikÅúvinyFera mhayin-enOn vtþExμrsan´taGaNa shrdðGaemrik ézác&nÞ 15 ekIt Exvisax qñaMCUt sMriTÆis&k BÇsÇ 2552 RtUvnwgézáTI 19 ExósPa qñaM 2008


esckI¶EfÂgGMNrKuN x\MúGñker[ber[g sUmEzøgGMNrKuNd*RCaleRCA -cMeBaHelaksa®sþacarüTaMgbYnrUb Edl:nlHbg´eBlevla d*mantémø rbs´elak ehIy:nRbwgERbgERbKm¬IrbkrN¾viess eQμaHvisuTÞiÆmK<TaMg 3 PaKenH o:nseRmc smdUcesckþIb¨g R:zña taMgEtBIedImer[gmk rhUtdl´TIbJ©b´ . -cMeBaHPikú¡ R:C\-saran nig Pikú¡ hYt-Eg¨t RBmTaMgshkarI Edl:nCYyyksMeNAvisuTÆimK<ERb GMBIelaksa®sþacarü CitCn mkoxM\úedIm|IEksMrYl nig er[ber[g . -cMeBaHPikú¡ eG]-esA Edl:nykcitþTukdak´CYyvaycmøgKm¬Ir visuTÆimK<ERb PaKTI3

nig cMeBaHRBHmha sm-ys PaK TI2 .

-cMeBaHsmNnisSit nig sa®sþacarümYycMnYneT[tCaBiess KWelaksa®sþacarü enABuTÆikviTüal&y Guwg-ZYg vtþeBaZival TI rYmextþ:t´dMbg EdlRtUvkarKm¬IrvisuTÆimK<ERbTaMgbIPaKenH CageK ehIyTTUccg´:n nig CMrujÇÇÇ oxúM\Rbjab´er[ber[g edIm|ITukCa RbeyaCn¾dl´RBHBuTÆsasnapg nig dl´smNnisSit RBmTaMg Bu T Æ b ri s & T pgÇÇÇEdlCaehtu e ZV I o x\ M ú r w g rw t Etmankmø a M g kay-ci t þ xitxMEksMrYl niBitüepÞ{gpÞat´ nig er[ber[g edIm|Io:nsMercCa Km¬IrvisuTÆimK<ERb TaMgbIPaKenHeLIg . -cMeBaHRBHezranuezr; RBmTaMgBuTÆbris&T RKb´mCÄdðanTaMgGs´ Edl:nCYyóbtæmÖ kñúgZmμTanenH TaMgzvika TaMgkmøaMgR:C\a nig sμartI taMgEtBIedImmk rhUtdl´Km¬IrvisuTÆimK<ERbenH cb´bribUr .

óTiÞskza x\úMsUmóTÞisRBHraCkusl EdlekItBIZmμTand*ézøzøaenH zVay

‘va¨-y¨av’

-semþcRBHmhaeXasannÞ

sUmRTg´esaynUvRBH

raCmhakuslenH smtamRBHraChb\T&y . -semþcRBHsg¹raCTaMgBIrKN; EdlRTg´esaynUvRBHTIvg<t

TaMgmhanikay

knøgeTAehIyenaH

TaMgZmμyutþ

sUmRBHGg<RTg´

esayRBHraCmhakuslenH . sUmóTÞiskuslénZmμTananisgSenH RbeKn -cMeBaHRBHezranuezr;RBHsg¹smNnisSitEdl:nbUCaCIvit edIm|IRBHBuTÆsasna sMrab´TukoRBHsg¹CMnan´eRkay :nykeZVI CaKMrUd*lÁ>ÇÇÇ sUm:nTTYlbuNükuslenHkMubIxan . -cMeBaHelaksa®sþacarü

ETn-suxn Edl:nksagZmμTan

xitxMERb Km¬IrvisuTÆimK< PaKTI3 eTaHCaBMuTan´:ncb´cugcb´edIm k* eday

enHCasñaédmYyd*lÁ

sMrab´RBHBuTÆsasnaÇÇÇ

sUmelak

sa®sþacarü:nTTYlnUvkuslenH ehIy:neTAekIt kñúgsuKtiPB smtammenarzeTAehag . -cMeBaHGñkdwknaM BYkbJ¦vnþ GñkesñhaCati yuvCnyuvtI RbCa BlrdðExμr RKb´Can´zñak´TaMgGs´ Edl:nbUCaCIvit edIm|ImatuPUmi edayTwkcitþd*esμaHRtg´ sUmoviJ¦aNk¡nÆGñkTaMgenaH:nTTYlnUv kuslenH sUm:neTAekIt kñúgTIsuxTIsYK( kMubIxaneLIy . sUmRbeKnmK<plEdlekItGMBIZmμTanenH

cMeBaHRBHetCHRBH

KuN RBHezranuezr; RBHsg¹RKb´Gg< Edl:nCYyóbtæmÖ kñúgkar


-q-

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e:HBum¬Km¬IrvisuTÆimK<ERb TaMgbIPaKenH o:nsMercCasæaBr sUm RBHGg<manRBHCnμayuyWnyUrCagryRBHvsSa edIm|ICamøb´d*RtCak´ nig CaTIBwgBak´BMnak´GaRs&ydl´BuTÆbris&TTaMgLayter[geTA . sUmjatiejam

CaBuTÆbris&T

Gs´elak

elakRsI

yay elakta kumara kumarITaMgGs´ Edl:nCYyóbtæmÖpgEdr enaH :nTTYlnUvkuslEdlekItBIZmμTanenHesμI> Kña R:zñay¨ag Na> sUmo:nsMerc smdUcesckþIR:zña eTAehag . sUmCUnbuNükuslenHpgEdr dl´GñkdwknaMExμr RKb´Can´zñak´ RKb´KN;bkSTaMgGs´

sUmdwknaMRbeTsCati

RtUvesñhaCati

elak

RbkbedayeCaK

ExμreGIyrkSaekrmt(kCati

kMuoxUcxatkarBaroKg´

vb|Zm(CatiTMen[mTMlab´

R:saTk|Ünc|ab´ekrBIbUraN

CYyksagCatinigsasna

o:nézøzøaedaycitþd*esμaH

TaMgtUcTaMgZMexmraRKb´R:N

samK<Io:nkMuoEbkEbr

xMsagRsukeTsCYyrkSaEz

eyIgBUCBgSExμrRtUvesñhaCati .

naMKñasþareLIgelIksÞÜytRmg´

CaRBlwgCatiGg<rez,Igz,an

kMuo:t´bg´rkSao:n .

rkSao:nedIm|ICatirs´ .

C&y edIm|IRbeyaCn¾sux dl´RbCaCnEdlsg¹wmTaMgRsugeTAelI maK(aénkardwknaMd*RtwmRtUv sucrit yutiþZm( nig samK<IPaBÇÇÇ .

ExμrsamK<IKña ExμrEbk:k´Kña

km¬úCa:nsux

!

km¬úCavinas

!

ExμrRtUvRsLaj´Exμr ExμrRtUvEzrkSaTwkdIExμrÇÇÇekrBIdUntao:nKg´vg´lÁ PikÅúvinyFera mhayin-enOn vtþExμrsan´taGaNa shrdðGaemrik ézác&nÞ 15 ekIt Exvisax qñaMCUt sMriTÆis&k BÇsÇ 2552 RtUvnwgézáTI 19 ExósPa 2008

rYbrYmKñaeLIgTaMgsg¹RKhsæ

elIksÞÜyse®g<aHRBlwgCatiExμr .

v x v

Pikú¡vinyZera mhayin-en]n


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







CY 



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  

  





 



 





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

 

 

 

  







 

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RkumsIl 3 TI 1

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18 23 23 25 25 25 26 27

28

RkumsIl 3 TI 2

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RkumsIl 3 TI 4

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RkumsIl 3 TI 3 RkumsIl 3 TI 5

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92

93

97

100

104 107

108


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125

127 132

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140

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142 142

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146

147

148

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156

159

160

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162

162

164 164

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171


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192

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175

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232

234

238

240

241

241

242

243

243

244

245

246


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340

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347

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288 289

360

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379

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381

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300

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301

385

389

389

391

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299

383

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299

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382

390

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299

380

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377

bItk,siN nig elahitk,siN

294

298

373

375

sg,t´sg,incitþkñúgsm&yEdlRtUvsg,t´sg,in eZVIcitþorIkraykñúgsm&yEdlRtUveZVIorIkray

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391 392 392

395 397

398


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TMB&r

400

402 404

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414

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415

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415

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416

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416

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417

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417

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418

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422

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425

430

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432

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467

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479

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488

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495

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498

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BYkstV

maneRK]gcak´ERsH

tNØa rwtqVak´oCab´CMBak´ TaMgxagkñúgTaMgxageRkA

eRBaHehtuenaH x\MúsUmTUlsYrRBHGg< etIbuK<lNa Gackab´q,ar nUveRK]gcak´ERsHenH:n

‘2’

BN(nabJØaBüakrN¾

.

enHCaesckþIseg¡b énRBHKazaenaH . Baküza ²Cda³ enH 1- suÇ sMÇ PaKTI 29 TMB&rTI 34 . 2– suÇ PaKTI 29 TMB&rTI 33 .

enaH eQμaHza Cda eRBaHdUcCabNþaj eBalKWbNþajénEmk ruk¡CatiTaMgLay manb\sSICaedIm eRBaHGtæza cak´ERsH eRBaH kiriyaekIteLIger]y> kñúgGarmμN¾TaMgLay manrU:rmμN¾CaedIm edayGMNacénkarekIteLIg TaMgxageRkam TaMgxagelI . k*tNØaenHhñwgÉg eTvbuRteBalza ²rwtqVak´TaMgxagkñúg TaMg xageRkA³ eRBaHekIteLIg TaMgkñúgbrik¡ar rbs´xøÜn nig brik¡arrbs´ GñkdéT TaMgkñúgGtþPaB rbs´xøÜn nig GtþPaBGñkdéT TaMgkñúg Gaytn;xagkñúg nig Gaytn;xageRkA .

BYkstV RtUvbNþaj

KWtNØa EdlekIteLIgdUecñHenaH cak´ERsHehIy . GZib|ayza; BYkstVeBalKWBBYkénstVenHTaMgGs´Kña RtUvbNþajKWtNØaenaH cak´ERsH KWrYbrwt edrqVak´ehIy eRb[bdUcCaBYkruk¡Cati manb\sSI CaedIm dUecñaH .

RtUvBYksñab´bnøab\sSICaedIm

cak´ERsH

rYbrwt

edrqVak´

k*BYkstV RtUvbNþaj KWtNØacak´ERsH y¨agenHehIy

eRBaHehtuNaç bBiRtRBHeKatm eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbx\úMTUlsYrRBH Gg<, .

Baküza ²tM tM eKatm³ esckþIza eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbx\Mú

TUlsYrRBHGg< . RBHeKaRt .

eTvbuRtenaH ehARBHPKv&t za ²eKatm³ tam

Baküza ²eka «mM viCdey CdM³ KÅeTvbuRt TUl

sYrza; GñkNaKb|Ikab´q,ar KÅza GñkNaGacedIm|Inwgkab´q,ar nUv bNþaj KWtNØaenH Edlcak´ERsHnUvéRtelakZatuehIy fitenA y¨agenH:n . cMENkRBHmanRBHPaK

RBHGg<mankiriyaRbRBwtþi

edayRBH


visuTÆimK< ERb jaNminmaneTIsTak´

kñúgZm(TaMgBYg

3 RBHGg<CaeTvtarbs´BYk

eTvta CaeTvtaelIsCagBYkeTvta CaRBH«®nÞ elIsCagBYkRBH «®nÞ CaRBHRBhμ elIsCagBYkRBhμ RTg´ekø{vkøa kñúgctuevsarC¢jaN RBHGg<RTg´kmøaMg 10 manRBHjaN KμanZmμCatdéT mk raraMg:n

RBHGg<manck¡úCMuvij

RtUveTvbuRtTUlsYr

dUecñHehIy

kalnwgRTg´edaHRsay nUvesckþIenH dl´eTvbuRtenaH eTIbRTg´ Rtas´RBHKazaenH za ;

nrCn manR:C\a :ntaMgmaM kñúgsIlehIy ceRmIn nUvsmaZicitþ nig vibsSnabJ¦a CaGñkmanBüayam dutkMedAkiels Rbkbeday:rihariyb|J¦a CaGñk eXIjP&y kñúgsgSarç buK<lenaH eTIbkab´q,arnUv tNØaCaeRK]gcak´ERsHenH:n . ‘2’ kñúgkal«LÚvenH x\úMeQμaHBuTÆeXasacarü kal

BN(nanUvesckþIEdlepSg edayKuN mansIlKuNCaedIm énRBHKaza EdlRBHmanRBHPaK RBH Gg<EsVgrknUvKuNd*ZM sEmþgehIyenH tamsmKYr dl´esckþIBitnwgsEmþgnUvó:y Caehtu:nnUvRBH niBVan KWvisuTÆimK<EdlGaRs&yn&yéneTsna rbs´ RBHmhaezrTaMgLay elakmanRbRktIenA kñúgmha vihar CaesckþIvinicä&y d*brisuTÆlÁ CaeRK]geZVI nUv esckþIrIkray dl´BYkkulbuRt

CaRBHeyaKI

kñúg

4

BN(nabJØaBüakrN¾

sasnaenH EdlR:zñaesckþIbrisuTÆi :nbYs kñúg sasnaénRBHCinRsI EdleK:nedaylM:kehIy mindwgnUvpøÚvRtg´CapøÚvd*ekSm Edlse®g<aHedayKuN

mansIlKuNCaedIm tamsmKYrdl´esckþIBitedIm|I

esckþIbrisuTÆi sUm|IBüayamk*eday k*min:nsMerc nUvesckþIbrisuTÆi:neLIyç bBiRtelakGñksb|úrs

TaMgLay! kalx\MúsEmþg nUvvisuTÆimK< edayeKarBç

elakGñkTaMgGs´Kña CaGñkR:zña nUvesckþIbrisuTÆi sUmRbugcaMsþab´ nUvvisuTÆimK<enaH edayeKarBcuH .

bTza ²visuTÆi³ kñúgBaküza x\úMnwgeBalnUvvisuTÆimK<enaH bNÐit Kb|IRCabRBHniBVand*brisuTÆ edaycMENkmYy R:scakmnÞilRKb´ y¨agç pøÚvénesckþIbrisuTÆienaH eQμaHza visuTÆimK<ç ó:yCaeRK]g sMercnUvRBHniBVan RBHPKv&t Rtas´´ehAza ²mK<³ GZib|ayza ²x\Mú nwgsEmþgvisuTÆimK<enaH³

.

k*visuTÆimK<enHenaH

KWRBHPKv&tRTg´

Rtas´sEmþg

edayGMNacénKuNRtwmEtvibsSnab¨ueNÑaH

RBH:lIxøH .

smdUcCaRBHGg<Rtas´ za ;

‘3’

kñúgkalNa buK<leXIjedaybJ¦a za

²sg¡arTaMgLayTaMgBYg mineT[g³ dUecñH kñúgkal eNaH buK<l rEmgen]yNay kñúgesckþITuk¡ç enH CapøÚvénesckþIbrisuTÆi 1- suÇ xuÇ

‘1’

.

PaKTI 52 TMB&rTI 79 .

kñúg


visuTÆimK< ERb kñúg:lIxøH

5

RBHGg<RTg´Rtas´sEmþg

edayGMNacénQan

6

BN(nabJØaBüakrN¾

bJ¢ÚneTAehIy kan´RBHniBVan sBV> kal eTIbqøg

nig bJ¦a . dUcCaRTg´Rtas´za ;

nUvOX; EdleKqøg:nedaykRm .

karBinitü minmandl´buK<lGñkminmanR:C\aç R:C\a minman dl´buK<lGñkminBinitüç karBinitünigR:C\a mankñúgbuK<lNaç buK<lenaHÉg kñúgTICiténRBHniBVan kñúg:lIxøH mankmμCaedIm .

‘1’

eQμaHza fitenA

kñúg:lIxøH

mñalPik¡úTaMgLay! stibdðanTaMgLay 4 enHÉg rEmgRbRBwtþeTA edIm|IesckþIbrisuTÆiénstVTaMgLay

edayGMNacénectna

edIm|IeZVInUvRBHniBVan oCak´c|as´ç enHCapøÚvCaTIeTA

smdUcCaRBHGg< RTg´Rtas´ za ;

énbuK<lmñak´Ég

stVTaMgLay rEmgbrisuTÆ:n edayGdðg<ikmK<enH KW kmμ:ndl´mK<ectnaç viC¢a :ndl´smμaTidði nig smμasg,b|;ç Zmμ; :ndl´smμavayam;ç smμasti nig

smμasmaZiç

sIl

:ndl´

smμavaca

smμakmμnþ; nig smμaGaCIv;ç eQμaHza CIvitd*ótþm minEmnbrisuTÆ edayeKaRt ß edayRTBüeT kñúg:lIxøH

RBHGg<RTg´Rtas´sEmþg

‘2’

.

edayGMNacénKuN

mansIlCaedIm . smdUcCaRBHGg<RTg´Rtas´ za ;

buK<lbribUN(edaysIl manbJ¦a mancitþtm,l´ x¢ab´ edayRbéB manBüayamR:rBÆehIy mancitþ -

r

1- suÇ xuÇ PaKTI 52 TMB&r79 .

2- suÇ sMÇ PaKTI 29 TMB&r85 .

edayGMNacéneBaZi-

bki¡yZm( manstibdðanCaedIm . smdUcCaRBHGg<RTg´Rtas´za ;

.

RBHGg<RTg´Rtas´sEmþg

RBHGg<RTg´Rtas´sEmþg

‘1’ .

sUm|IkñúgeBaZibk¡iyZm( mansmμb|ZanCaedIm k*mann&ydUc KñaenHEdr .

b¨uEnþkúñgbJØaBüakrN¾enH visuTÆimK<enaH RBHGg<RTg´

Rtas´sEmþg edayGMNacéRtsik¡a mansIlsik¡aCaedIm . enH KWCaesckþIBN(na edayseg¡b kñúgbJØaBüakrN¾enaH . ‘4’ bT ²sIel btidðay³ enaH ERbza fitenA kñúgsIl . k*Pik¡ú kalbMeBjsIl obribUN(hñwgÉg eTIbRBHPKv&t ehAza ²fitenA kñúgsIl³ kñúgbTza ²sIel btidðay³ enaH eRBaHehtu enaH

eTIbmanesckþIGZib|ay kñúgbTza

²sIel btidðay³ enH

dUecñHza ²Pik¡ú tm,l´enAs)b´ehIy kñúgsIl edaykarbMeBjsIl obribUN(³ . esckþIza 1- suÇ

Baküza ²nera³ :ndl´stV . bTza ²sbeJ¦a³

GñkmanbJ¦a TIÇ

edaybJ¦aEdlmkRBmnwgbdisnÆiCaéRt

PaKTI 17 TMB&rTI 244 .


visuTÆimK< ERb ehtu ekItBIkmμ .

7

Baküza ²citþM bJ¦J© PavyM³ esckþIza cMerIn

8

BN(nabJØaBüakrN¾

p<geLIgehIy Kb|IRsayRtedaH KWkab´q,arpþÜlrMelIg nUvéRBsñab´

smaZi

KWtNØaEdlZøak´cuH kñúgsnþanrbs´xøÜn TaMgGs´enaH:n manóbma

RBHPKv&t RTg´sEmþg edayBaküCaRbZanéncitþç vibsSna RTg´

bIdUcCabursQrenAelIEpndI elIkeLIgnUvkaMbit EdlxøÜnsemø{g

bTza ²GatabI³ ERbza Gñkman

lÁehIy Kb|Ikab´q,arnUvKum¬b\sSId*ZM y¨agdUecñaHÉg . k*kñúgxN;

esckþIBüayam . k*esckþIBüayam RBHPKv&t RTg´Rtas´ehAza

énmK< Pik¡úrUbenH eQμaHza kMBugkab´q,arnUvbNþaj KWtNØaenaH .

²Gatab;³ eRBaHGtæza Caehtudutkiels oekþAsBVç esckþI

kñúgxN;énpl

Büayam Caehtudutkiels oekþAsBVenaH rEmgmandl´Pik¡úenaH

Tk¡ieNyübuK<l d*RbesIr rbs´stVelak RBmTaMgeTvelak .

smaZicitþ

nig

vibsSnacitþ

sEmþg edayeQμaHza bJ¦a .

.

EmnBit

kñúgbTenH

ehtuenaH Pik¡úenaH eQμaHza GatabI . bJ¦a RBHPKv&tRtas´ehAza enbk,; Rtg´bTza ²nibeka³ esckþIza; RbkbRBm edaybJ¦a enaH .

mYyeT[t RBHPKv&t RTg´Rtas´sEmþg:riharikb|J¦a

edaybTenH . k*kñúgbJØaBüakrN¾enH bJ¦a mkGs´var;3 dg . bNþabJ¦abI BYkenaH bJ¦a TI1 eQμaHza sCatib|J¦aç bJ¦¦aTI 2 eQμaHza vibsSnabJ¦aç

bJ¦aTI 3

eQμaHza

:riharikb|J¦a

EdlCaGñkdwknaM kñúgkic©RKb´y¨ag . bTza

²Pik¡ú³ manvieRKaHza ²buK<lNa eXIjP&y kñúgvdþBaküza ²esa «mM

sMsar buK<lenaH eTIbeQμaHza Pik¡ú³ .

viCdey CdM³ esckþIza Pik¡úenaH KWGñkRbkbRBmedayZm(TaMg 6 RbkarenH KÅedaysIlenH 1

edaysmaZi

EdlRBHPKv&tRTg´

sEmþgedayRbZanKWcitþenH 1 edaybJ¦a 3 RbkarenH 1 eday esckþIBüayamCaeRK]gdutkielsenH

1

QrelIEpndI

KWsIl

kab´q,arrYceRscehIy

Ca

nrCnNa RbkbedaysCatibJ¦a taMgenAs)b´ kñúg sIl ceRmInsmaZicitþpg vibsSnacitþpg eQμaH za CaGñkeXIjP&y kñúgvdþsMsar GñkmanBüayam CaeRK]gdutkiels GñkmanbJ¦aCaeRK]grkSanUvxøÜnç nrCnenaH Kb|Ikab´q,arnUvéRBsñab´ KWtNØa 108 enaH:n . RBHeyaKIenaH RBHPKv&tRtas´ kñúgKazaenaHza ²CaGñkRbkb RBmedaybJ¦a³

edaybJ¦aNaç

kic©EdlRBHeyaKIenaH RtUveZVI

kñúgbJ¦aenaH minmaneT . eRBaHbJ¦aenaH sMercehIy dl´RBH eyaKIenaH edayGanuPaBénkmμEdlmankúñgkalmun EmnBit . k* b¨uEnþRBHeyaKIenaH GMNacénvIriy;

edayzμ KWsmaZi edayéd

PKv&tRtas´ehIy

KÅvIriy;

eQμaHza

eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbRBHPKv&t RTg´Rtas´ za ;

ehIyelIkeLIgnUvkaMbit KWvibsSnabJ¦a EdlxøÜnsemø{glÁehIy KW:riharikb|J¦a EdlkmøaMg

Pik¡úenH

RtUvEtCaGñkeZVICab´bnþKña nig

minodac´

CaGñkeZVIedaykardwgCak´c|as´

kñúgbTTaMgLayza

eday EdlRBH

²GatabI nibeka³ enH fit


visuTÆimK< ERb

9

10

BN(nabJØaBüakrN¾

Edl

CaZmμCatnaMmknUvKuN mankarminsþayeRkayCaedIm . Pav;én

RBHPKv&tRtas´ehIyedayGMNacsmaZicitþ nig vibsSnabJ¦a .

sasnamanlMGRtg´bTkNþal RBHGg<RTg´RbkasedaysmaZi.

RBHPKv&t RTg´sEmþgvisuTÆimK<enH edayRbZan KWsIl smaZi

EmnBit smaZi eQμaHza manlMGRtg´bTkNþal rbs´sasna

nig bJ¦a kñúgRBHKazaenaH .

eRBaHRBH:lIza ²karjúaMgkuslodl´RBm³ dUecñHCaedIm .

enAs)b´

kñúgsIlehIy

Kb|IcMerInsmz;

nig

vibsSna

‘5’ EmnBit sik¡a 3ç sasna manlMG 3 y¨agç Zm(Ca óbnisS&yénKuNviess manviC¢a 3 CaedImç kiriyaev[rbg´nUvRbCMu 2 énpøÚvGmxag nig karesBnUvesckþIRbtibtþiCakNþal ó:y CaeRK]gRbRBwtþiknøgesckþITuk¡ manTuk¡ kñúgG:yCaedIm karlH bg´kiels edayGakar; 3 y¨agç Lay mankarRbRBwtþiknøgCaedImç

Zm(CasRtUv dl´eTasTaMg karCRmHnUvsg,iels 3 y¨ag

nig ehtuénPav;rbs´buK<lmanesatabnñCaedIm CaZm(KWRBHPKv&t RTg´RbkasedayeTsnamanRbmaNb¨ueNÑH . sYrza RTg´Rbkas edayRbkardUcemþc/ .

eqøIyza; k*kúñgbJØakmμenH GZisIlsik¡a

mYyeT[t smaZienaH eQμaHza manlMG eRBaHsmaZienaH naMmknUvKuN man«TÆiviZICaedIm .

Pav;énsasna manlMGRtg´

TIbMput RBHPKv&tRTg´RbkasehIy edaybJ¦a . eQμaHza

TukCaxagcugénsasna

eRBaH:lIza

EmnBit bJ¦a ²karCRmHcitþ

rbs´xøÜn o:npUrpg´ç enHKWCaBaküeRb[nRbedA rbs´RBHBuTÆTaMg Lay ‘1’ ³ nig eRBaHsasna manbJ¦a CaKuNd*RbesIrelIs lb´ .

k*bJ¦aenaH

eQμaHza

manlMG

eRBaHCaehtunaMmknUv

taTiPaB ‘KWPaBnwgn kñúgGarmμN¾CaTIR:zña nig GarmμN¾minCaTI R:zñaTaMgLay .

smdUcCaRBHPKv&tRTg´Rtas´ za ;

RBHPKv&tRTg´RbkasedaysIlç GZicitþsik¡a RBHGg<RTg´Rbkas

bNÐitTaMgLayminrMePIb eRBaHBaküninÞa nigsresIr

edaysmaZiç GZib|J¦asik¡a RTg´RbkasedaybJ¦a . mYyeT[t

dUcCaPñMzμtan´ minrMePIb eRBaHxül´ y¨agdUecñaH

Pav;énsasna

manlMGbTedIm

k*RBHPKv&tRTg´Rbkas

eday

sIl . EmnBit sIlTukCaxagedIm énsasna eRBaH:lIza; ²GVICaxagedIménkuslZm(TaMgLay nigsIlbrisuTÆ edayviess ß ‘1’ ³ dUecñH nig eRBaHRBH:lIza ²karmineZVInUvGMeBI:bTaMgBYg³ dUecñHCaedIm . 1-

suÇ

sMÇ

k*sIlenaH eQμaHza manlMG mhavarÇ PaKTI 38 TMB&rTI 119 .

eRBaHsIlenaH

‘2’

.

óbnisS&y énPaBrbs´buK<l GñkmanviC¢a 3 RBHPKv&tRTg´ RbkasehIy edaysIldUcKñaEdr . eRBaHbuK<l:nsMercviC¢a 3 eRBaHGaRs&ynUvsIlsm|tþi

minEmneRBaHGaRs&yehtudéTeRkA

GMBIsIlenaHeLIy . óbnisS&y énPaBrbs´buK<lGñkmanGPiJ¦a 6 RTg´RbkasedaysmaZi . eRBaHza buK<lGñk:nsMercGPiJ¦a -

1- suÇ TIÇ PaKTI 16 TMB&r 103 .

2- suÇ xuÇ PaKTI 52 TMB&r 38 .


visuTÞimK< ERb

11

sIlnieTÞs

12

6 eRBaHGaRs&ysmaZism|&T BMuEmneRBaHGaRs&yehtudéTeRkAGM

KWtNØa RTg´Rbkas edaysmaZi .

BIsmaZienaHeT .

RTg´Rbkas edaybJ¦a . ehtuénPaBrbs´buK<lCaRBHesatabnñ

RbkasedaybJ¦a.

óbnisS&y énkiriyacak´ZøúH kñúgbdismÖiTa RTg´ eRBaHza buK<lGaRs&ybJ¦asm|tþi eTIb:n

sMercbdismÖiTa 4 minEmn:neRBaHehtudéTeLIy.

Ékiriyaev[r

karCRmHnUvsg,iels KWTidið

nig CaRBHskiTaKamI RTg´Rbkas edaysIldUcKñaEdr .

ehtu

énPav;CaRBHGnaKamI RTg´RbkasehIy edaysmaZi . ehtuén

nUvpøÚvGmxag eBalKWkarBüayam CaeRK]gRbkber]y> kñúgehtu

PaBCaRBHGrhnþ RTg´RbkasehIy edaybJ¦a .

RbkbedayTICaTICab´enAénstV KWesckþIsuxkñúgkam RTg´Rbkas

esatabnñbuK<l

edaysIl .

bMeBjkñúgsIlTaMgLay³. RBHskiTaKamI k*dUcKñaEdr . cMENk

karev[rnUvpøÚvGmxag eBalKWkarBüayam CaeRK]g

RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´za

Rbkber]y> kñúgkarjúaMgxøÜnolM:k RTg´RbkasedaysmaZi .

RBHGnaKamI RTg´Rtas´za

kiriyaesBnUvesckþIRbtibtþiCakNþal RTg´Rbkas edaybJ¦a .

RbRktI³ .

ó:yénkarRbRBwtþiknøgnUvG:y k*RTg´Rbkas edaysIl dUc

kñúgbJ¦a³ .

eRBaHza RBH

²CaGñkmanRbRktI

²CaGñkmankiriyabMeBj kñúgsmaZi Ca

EtRBHGrhnþ RTg´Rtas´za ²CaGñkmankiriyabMeBj

KñaEdr . ó:yénkarRbRBwtþiknøgnUvkamZatu RTg´Rbkas eday

RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´RbkasKuNTaMgLay 9 RbkarenH KW

smaZi . ó:yénkarRbRBwtþiknøgnUvPBTaMgBYg RTg´Rbkaseday

éRtsik¡a 1ç sasna manlMG 3 y¨ag 1ç óbnisS&y énKuN

bJ¦a .

viess manPaBCaGñk:nviC¢a 3 CaedIm 1ç

mYyeT[t karlHbg´kiels edayGMNactTg<b|han

karlHbg´RbCMuBIrén

RTg´RbkasehIy edaysIl . karlHbg´kiels edayGMNac

pøÚvGmxag nig karesBesckþIRbtibtþiCakNþal 1ç ó:yCa

énvik¡mÖnb|han RTg´Rbkas edaysmaZi .

ehtuRbRBwtþiknøgnUvKti manG:yCaedIm 1ç

karlHbg´kiels

karlHbg´kiels

edayGMNacsmuecäTb|han RTg´Rbkas edaybJ¦a . Zm(Edl

edayGakar; 3 y¨ag 1ç

CaswksRtUvdl´karRbRBwtþiknøg énkielsTaMgLay RTg´Rbkas

knøgCaedIm 1ç karCRmHnUvsg,iels 3 y¨ag 1ç ehtuénPaB

ehIy edaysIldUcKña .

rbs´buK<l manesatabnñbuK<lCaedIm 1 nig RTg´RbkasRbCMu 3

Zm(EdlCasRtUvdl´kiriyataMgeLIg

edayCMuvij ‘karrYbrMucitþ’ énkielsTaMgLay RTg´Rbkas eday

énKuNEbbenHdéTeT[t

smaZi . Zm(EdlCasRtUvdl´kiriyaedkRtaMenAer]y>énkiels

edayRbkardUecñHÉg .

TaMgLay RBHGg<RTg´Rbkas edaybJ¦a .

cMENkÉkarCRmHnUv

sg,ielsKWTuc©rit RTg´RbkasedaysIl . karCRmHnUvsg,iels

Zm(CasRtUvdl´eTas mankarRbRBwtþi

edayZm(eTsna

manRbmaNb¨ueNÑH

‘sIlnieTÞs’ ‘6’

k*visuTÆimK<enH sUm|IRBHmanRBHPaK RTg´sEmþgehIy


visuTÆimK< ERb

13

edayZm(CaRbZan KWsIl smaZi nig bJ¦a Edlse®g<aHeday KuNCaGenky¨agenHehIyk*eday k*Caó:yKWRBHGg<RTg´sEmþg ehIy edayseg¡béRkeBk eRBaHehtuenaH visuTÆimK<enH eTIbmin lμmRKb´RKan´ edIm|ICaóbkar; dl´kulbuRtTaMgLay eRBaHehtu dUecñaH

edIm|InwgsEmþgnUvesckþIBisþar

énvisuTÆimK<enaH

eTIbman

bJØakmμenH R:rBÆnUvsIlCamun KW ;

GVICalk¡N;ç Carsç CaesckþIR:kd nig GVICaehtu CaTItaMg énsIlenaH/ç

ectsiksIl .

man:Nati:tCaedIm

eQμaHza

mYyvijeT[t ectna RbRBwtþeTA kñúgkmμbz 7

rbs´buK<lGñklHbg´Gkuslkmμ man:Nati:tCaedIm eQμaH za ectnasIl .

Zm( KWGnPiCÄaç GBüa:T nig smμaTidði

ectsiksIl . ‘sMvr; 5 y¨ag’

sMvr; 5 Rbkar KW :tiemak¡sMvr; 1 stisMvr; 1 jaNsMvr; 1

sIlenaH manb¨unμany¨ag/ç GVICaesckþIesAhμg nig esckþIpUrpg´énsIlenaH/ . enHCaesckþIedaHRsay kúñgbJØakmμenaH . bJØakmμza ²GVIeQμaHzasIl/³ ‘eqøIyza’ Zm(TaMgLay man ectnaCaedIm rbs´buK<lEdlev[rcak:bkmμ man:Nati:t Ca BaküenH

smdUcRBHsarIbutþetær eBalkñúgKm¬Ir eQμaHbdismÖiTaza ²sYrza; ectsik

eQμaHza sIlç esckþIs®gYm eQμaHza sIlç karminRbRBwtþiknøg eQμaHza sIs³ .

GñkEdlev[rcakGkuslkmμ

kñúgBaküza ²sMvr; eQμaHza sIl³ enH bNÐit Kb|IRCab

sIl manGanisgSdUcemþc/ç

eqøIyza; ectna eQμaHza sIlç

RbtibtþikþI eQμaHza ectnasIl . ectna Caehtuev[rrbs´buK<l

lHbg´nUvGPiCÄa mancitþR:scakGPiCÄa enA³ dUecñH eQμaHza

sIl edayesckþIzadUcemþc/ç

GVIeQμaHza sIl/ .

sIlnieTÞs

EdlRBHd*manRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ edayn&ymanCaGaTi¾ za ²Pik¡ú

GVIeQμaHza sIl/ç

edImkþI rbs´GñkbMeBjvtþRbtibtþikIþ eQμaHza sIl .

14

kñúgsIlTaMgenaH ectna rbs´buK<lGñkev[r

cakGkuslkmμman:Nati:tCaedImkþI rbs´buK<lGñkbMeBjvtþ

xniþsMvr; 1 vIriysMvr; 1 .

bNþasMvr;TaMg 5 enaH sMvr;enHza

²Pik¡úCaGñkcUldl´ehIyCaGñkRbkbRBmehIyeday:timak¡sMvr; enH³ eQμaHza :tiemak¡sMvr; .

sMvr;enHza ²Pik¡ú rkSack¡ú®nÞIy¾

dl´nUvkarsRgYm kñúgck¡ú®nÞIy¾ ³ eQμaHza stisMvr; .

sMvr;enH

‘edayBakü’ za ;

RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´tbza; mñalGCit;! RkEs én‘tNØa’TaMgLayNa mankúñgelakç stiCaeRK]g Xat´nUvRkEsTaMgLayenaHç tzaKt ehAsti za Ca eRK]gbiT:MgnUvRkEsTaMgLayç

EtRkERsTaMgenaH

GñkRbtibtþi RtUvbiTedaybJ¦a dUecñH


visuTÆimK< ERb

15

16

sIlnieTÞs

eQμaHza jaNsMvr; . sUm|IkaresBnUvbc©&y rEmgdl´nUvkar

R:C\ EdldwgnUvlk¡N;éns&BÞ yl´RBmtamGtæTaMg 2 y¨agenH

RbCMucuH

b¨ueNÑaH kñúgbTza ²sIl³ enH .

kñúgjaNsMvr;enHEdr

.

cMENksMvr;

Edlmkeday

cMENkBYkGñkR:C\déTeT[t

n&yza ²Pik¡ú CaGñkGt´RTaMcMeBaHRtCak´ekþA³ dUecñHCaedImenH eQμaH

BN(naesckþI kñúgbTza sIl enH edayn&yza ²sIlsBÞenH

za xniþsMvr; .

ÉsMvr;Edlmk edayn&yza ²Pik¡ú EtgGt´sg,t´

manesckþIza sir; ‘x¬g´x¬s´’ç manesckþIza sIs; ‘kMBUl’ç man

nUvkamvitk,; EdlekIteLIgehIy³ dUecñHCaedImenH eQμaHza vIriy

esckþIza sItl; ‘RtCak´’ç manesckþIza siv; ‘ekSmkSanþ’³

sMvr; . sUm|IGaCIv:risuTÆisIl rEmgdl´nUvkarRbCMucuH kñúgvIriy sMvr;enHEdr .

sMvr; 5 RbkarenHkþI karev[rcakvtæúEdldl´RBm

rbs´BYkkulbuRt EdlP&yxøac:bkþIç kiriyasRgYm nig karev[r TaMgGs´enaH bNÐit Kb|IRCabza sMvrsIl y¨agdUecñH . Baküza ²karminRbRBwtþiknøg eQμaHza sIl³ :ndl´ karminRbRBwtþiknøg EdlRbRBwtþeTA xagpøÚvkay nig pøÚvcitþ rbs´buK<lGñkEdl:n smanTansIlehIy . enH KWCaesckþIedaHRsay nUvbJØakmμ za ²GVIeQμaHza sIl³ Camunsin . ‘7’ karedaHRsaykúñgbTd*essTaMgLay. Baküza ²Edl

sIl eRBaHGtæza CasIln; KWRbRktI .

‘lk¡N;ç rsç bc©úb|dðanç bTdðan énsIl’ ‘8’

«LÚvenH nwgedaHRsay kñúgbJØakmμza ²GVICalk¡N;ç

Carsç Cabc©úb|dðan nig CabTdðan énsIlenaH³ . sIln;‘PaBCaRbRktI’ Calk¡N; rbs´sIlenaH sUm|IepSgKña edayRbkard*eRcIn eRb[bdUcCarbs´ manvis&yEdlRbRBwtþeTA kúñgkiriyaeXIjc|as´ Ca lk¡N; rbs´rUb EdlmanRbkarepSgKña d*eRcIn

‘GtæénsIl’

eQμaHza sIl eRBaHGtæzadUcemþc/³ .

dUecñHCaedImxøH k*man .

‘eqøIyza’ EdleQμaHza

k*y¨agdUecñaHÉg . EmnBit

Pav;énkic©RbRBwtþeTA

kúñgkareXIj

eQμaHza

Ca

eQμaHza sIln; enH

lk¡N; rbs´rU:ytn; sUm|IepSgKñaedayRbkard*eRcInEdlman

KWCaGVI/ . EdleQμaHza sIln; enH KWkartm,l´enAs)b´ man

BN(ex[v nig BN(el]gCaedIm eRBaHrU:ytn;sUm|IEdlepSgKña

esctþIza PaBénkmμTaMgLay mankaykmμCaedIm CaZmμCatmin

eRcInRbkar edayRbePTénBN( manBN(ex[vCaedIm k*minRbRBwtþ

rat´ray edayGMNacPav; énbuK<lCaGñkmansIllÁ RbéB 1 .

knøgnUvPaBCarbs´manvis&y

KWkarcUleTARTRTg´Tuk GZib|ayza; Pav;énkarRTRTg´Tuk eday

y¨agNamijç sIlnsBÞ Edl:neBalehIy edayGMNacén

GMNacénkarRTRTg´ nUvkuslZm(TaMgLay 1 . EmnBit BYkGñk

kartm,l´enAs)b´ énkmμTaMgLay mankaykmμCaedIm nig eday

EdlKb|IemIleXIjeTA:nEdr


visuTÆimK< ERb

17

GMNacénkartm,l´TuknUvkuslZm(TaMgLayenaHÉg rbs´sIl

sUm|IepSgKñaeRcInCaGenk

ectnaCaedIm EtmYy

eRBaHPav;énsIl

Calk¡N;

edayRbePTénZm(

man

sUm|IepSgKñaedayRbkarminEmn

edayRbePTénZm(manectnaCaedIm

minknøgputnUvPav;

CaTItm,l´enAs)b´ nig Pav;CaTItm,l´Tuk:nEdr k*y¨agdUecñaH .

Pav;énkarkMcat´bg´ nUvPaBénbuK<lRTusþ

sIl ß KuN KWkmμEdlminmaneTas elakehAza eQμaHza Cars edayGtæza Cakic© nig Casm|tþi rbs´sIlenaH Edlmanlk¡N;dUceBalmkehIy eRBaHehtuenaH

eQμaHza

sIlenH

bNÐit Kb|IRCab za

²mankiriyakMcat´bg´ nUvPaBénbuK<lRTusþsIl Cars edayrs Edlmankic©CaGtæ

mankmμEdlminmaneTas

Edlmansm|tþiCaGtæ³ .

Cars

edayrs

EmnBit kic©n@uHÉgkþI sm|tþikIþ elak

ehAza rs kúñgCMnMubJØaTaMg 4 manlk¡N;CaedIm . ‘bc©úb|dðan nig bTdðan’

sIlenHenaH BYkviJ¦ÚCnBN(naza ²manesckþIsÁat Cabc©úb|dðan ‘Capl’ Otþb|; nig hirin@uHÉg Ca bTdðan ‘CaehtuCaTItaMg’ énsIlenaH . EmnBit sIlenHenaH

sIlnieTÞs

RBHmanRBHPaKRtas´ y¨agenHza

²sIl

manesckþIsÁatxagpøÚv

kayç sÁatxagpøÚvvacaç sÁatxagpøÚvcitþ ‘1’ ³ dUecñH rEmgR:kd KÅ rEmgdl´nUvPaB énkarRbkan´ykedayPaBCaZmμCatsÁat . cMENkhiri nig Otþb|; GñkR:C\BN(naza CabTdðanénsIl enaH .

GZib|ayza; Caehtud*Cit .

eRBaHza kalebImanhiri

nig Otþb|;ç sIl rEmgekIteLIgpg rEmgfitenApg .

‘rsrbs´sIl’ cMENk

18

manesckþIsÁat Cabc©úb|dðan Edl

kalebI

hiri nig Otþb|; minmaneTç sIl k*minekIteLIg minfitenA:n eLIy .

lk¡N;ç rsç bc©úb|dðan nig bTdðan rbs´sIl

bNÐit Kb|IRCab y¨agenHÉg . ‘GanisgSénsIl’ ‘9’ Baküza ²sIl manGanisgSy¨agdUcemþc/³ eqøIyza mankiriya:nnUvKuNCaGenk mankarminekþARkhaysþayeRkay CaedIm CaGanisgS . smdUcCaRBHPKv&tRtas´za ²mñalGannÞ ! k*sIlTaMgLay Cakusl mankarminekþARkhayCapl mankar minsþayeRkay CaGanisgS ‘2’³ dUecñHç

enAmanBaküdéTeT[t

EdlRBHGg<RTg´Rtas´za ²mñalKhbtITaMgLay GanisgS rbs´ GñkmansIl dl´RBmedaysIl 5 y¨agenH . y¨ag etIdUcemþcxøH/ . CaGñkmansIl

GanisgS 5

mñalKhbtITaMgLay buK<lkñúgelakenH

bribUN(edaysIl

manesckþIminRbmaTCaehtuç

Etg:nnUvKMnrénePaK;d*ZM

enHCaGanisgS TI1 rbs´buK<lGñk

mansIl bribUN(edaysIl . 1- suÇ GMÇ PaKTI 41 TMB&rTI 422 . 2- suÇ GMÇ PaKTI 51 TMB&r 223 .


visuTÆimK< ERb mñalKhbtITaMgLay d*lÁ

rbs´GñkmansIl

19

BaküdéTenAmanteTAeT[t bribUN(edaysIl

kitþis&BÞ

rEmgx©rx©ayeTAç

enH KÅCaGanisgS TI 2 rbs´GñkmansIl bribUN(edaysIl . mñalKhbtITaMgLay BaküdéT enAmanteTAeT[t buK<lGñk mansIl bribUN(edaysIl

rEmgcUleTArkbris&TNa

eTaHCa

xtþiybris&TkþI RBahμNbris&TkþI KhbtIbris&TkþI smNbris&T kþI CaGñkekø[vkøa CaGñkmanmuxminsMyugcuH ‘minxμas’ç GanisgS TI 3

enH KÅCa

rbs´GñkmansIl bribUN(edaysIl .

mñalKhbtITaMgLay

BaküdéT enAmaneT[t

buK<lGñk

mansIl bribUN(edaysIl CaGñkminvegVgeZVImrNkalç enHKW CaGanisgS TI 4

rbs´GñkmansIl

mñalKhbtITaMgLay mansIl

bribUN(edaysIl

bribUN(edaysIl .

BaküdéT enAmaneT[t luHTMlaykay

buK<lGñk

bnÞab´GMBIesckþI

søab´eTA rEmgcUleTAekIt kñúgsuKtiç sY(Kç eTvelakç enH KWCa GanisgS TI 5

rbs´GñkmansIl

bribUN(edaysIl ‘1’ .

GanisgSsIlmaneRcInCaGenk manPaBCaTIRsLaj´ CaTI eBjcitþCaedIm mankarGs´eTAénGasv;CaTIbMput RBHPKv&t RTg´ Rtas´edayn&yCaedImza ²mñalPik¡úTaMgLay RbsinebIPik¡ú déT

20

sIlnieTÞs

nig GanisgSeRcInCaGenk manesckþIminekþARkhaysþayeRkay CaedIm y¨agenHÉg . n&ymYyeT[t za ;

TIBwg‘déT’ rbs´BYkkulbuRt kñúgsasnaenH ev[r caksIlNaehIy minmaneTç GñkNa Kb|IeBal nUvkarkMNt´nUvGanisgS énsIlenaH:n . TwkKW sIl rEmgCRmH nUvmnÞilNa rbs´BYkstVman CIvit kñúgelakenH:nç sÞwgeQμaHKg<akþIç ymuna kþIç srPUkþIç srsStIkþIç GcirvtIkþIç mhIkþIç mhanTI kþI

k*minGacedIm|InwgCRmHnUvmnÞil

enaH:neLIyç

sIlenH

rbs´BYkstV

EdlbuK<lrkSa:nlÁ

ehIy CaGriysIl manesckþIRtCak´RtCMéRkeBk rEmgrmáab´nUvesckþIRkvl´RkvayNa rbs´stVTaMg LaykñúgelakenH:nç xül´TaMgLayRbkbeday ePø{g

k*rmáab´nUvesckþIRkvl´RkvalenaH

min:n

eLIyç sUm|IxøwmcnÞn¾Rkhm Ekvmukþa EkvmNI BnøW RBHc&nÞd*RsTn´ min:nEdr .

k*rmáab´esckþIRkvl´RkvayenaH køinÉNa pSayeTA kñúgTIbeNþay

eT[t Kb|IR:zñaza; GatμaGj Kb|ICaTIRsLaj´ CaTIKab´citþ CaTI

xül´ nigkñúgTIRcasxül´esμIKñaç køinenaH esμIeday

eKarB nig CaTIKYrosresIr rbs´BYksRBhμcarI

Pik¡úenaH Kb|I

køinKWsIl nwgmaneQμaHmkGMBITINa:n . TIBwg

kñúgsIlTaMgLaycuH ‘2’ ³ .

sIlmanKuN

déT CaCeNþIreLIgeTAkan´fansYK( ßk* CaTVar kñúg

CaGñkeZVIobribUN( -

1- suÇ TIÇ PaK 16 TMB&r 185 . 2- suÇ mÇ mUÇ PaK 20 TMB&r 106 .

kiriyacUleTAkan´nKr KWRBHniBVan EdlesμIeday


visuTÆimK< ERb

21

sIlnieTÞs

énsbriynþsIl nig GbriynþsIl nig edayGMNacelakiy-

sIl nwgmanmkGMBINa . BYkPik¡úEdlman«®nÞIy¾

sIl nig elakutþrsIl k*dUecñaHEdr .

s®gYmehIy sÁitsÁagehIy edayeRK]gsÁitsÁag

sIl man 3 y¨ag edayGMNachInsIlç mCÄimsIl nig

KWsIl rEmglÁ:n y¨agNaç RBHraCaTaMgLay

bNItsIl .

EdlsÁitsÁagehIy edayEkvmukþa nig EkvmNI

mYyeT[t

sIl man 3 y¨ag

edayGMNacén

GtþaZibetyüsIl elakaZibetyüsIl nig ZmμaZibetyüsIl

k*enAEtminlÁ:n y¨agenaH . sIl rbs´Gñkman

edayGMNacénbramdðsIl

sIlTaMgLay rEmgkMcat´bg´nUvP&y manP&yGMBI

GbramdðsIl

nig

bdibsSTÆisIl

edayGMNacénvisuTiÆsIl GvisuTÆisIl nig evmtiksIl eday

kartiHed[lxøÜnCaedIm:n edayRbkarTaMgBYg TaMg

GMNacénesxsIl

júaMgkitþis&BÞ nig esckþIrIkray oekIt:nsBV>

GesxsIl

nig

envesxanaesxsIl

k*dUcKñaEdr .

kal . kzamux EdlsEmþgnUvGanisgS énsIl

sIl man 4 y¨ag

EdlCab\sKl´énKuNTaMgLay mankiriyasmøab´

edayGMNacénhaPaKiysIl

fiti-

PaKiysIl viessPaKiysIl nig nieBVZPaKiysIlç eday

nUvkmøaMgéneTasTaMgLay bNÐit Kb|IRCab dUc

GMNacénPik¡úsIl Pik¡únIsIl Gnub|sm|nñsIl nig KhdðsIlç

Edl:ner[brab´mkenHÉg .

edayGMNacbktisIl GacarsIl ZmμtasIl nig buBVehtuk-

‘sIlmanb¨unμany¨ag’ ‘10’

22

sIl

«LÚvenH CaBaküedaHRsay kñúgbJØakmμ Edlelak

eBalza ² k*sIlenaH manbu¨nμany¨ag/ ³ .

nig

edayGMNacén:tiemak¡sMvrsIl

GaCIv:risuTÆisIl nig bc©ysnñisSitsIl k*y¨agenaHEdr . sIl man 5 y¨ag

sIlTaMgGs´enHÉg manRbkar 1 edaylk¡N; CaRbRktI

«®nÞiysMvrsIl

briynþ:risuTÆisIlCaedIm .

edayGMNacén:risuTÆisIl man dUcBaküEdlRBHsarIbutþetær eBal

rbs´xøÜnmunsinç sIl man 2 y¨ag edayGMNacéncaritþsIl

kñúgKm¬IrbdismÖiTaza ²sIl man 5 y¨ag KWbriynþ:risuTÆisIl

nig varitþsIlç sIl man 2 y¨ag edayGMNacénGPismacarik-

Gbriynþ:risuTÆisIl

sIl nig GaTiRBhμcriysIl edayGMNacénvirtisIl nig Gvi-

bdibsSTÆi:risuTÆisIl ‘1’ ³ .

rtisIl

GMNacénbhansIlç evrmNIsIlç ectnasIlç sMvrsIl nig

edayGMNacnisSitsIl

nig

GnisSitsIl

eday

GMNacénkalbriynþsIl nig Ga:NekadiksIl edayGMNac

1- suÇ

xuÇ

bribuNÑ:riynþsIl Gbramdð:risuTÆisIl mYyeT[t man 5 y¨ag eday

bdiÇ PaKTI 69 TMB&rTI 96 .


visuTÆimK< ERb GvItik,msIl .

23

bNþasIlTaMgenaH kñúgcMENksIl man 1

y¨ag bNÐitKb|IRCabesckþI tamn&yEdleBalehIyenaHcuH . ‘RkumsIl 2 TI 1’ ‘11’

bNÐit

man 2 Rbkar .

24

sIlnieTÞs

hñwgÉg eQμaHza karRbkbedayGPismacar .

sik¡abT EdlRBHPKv&tRTg´bJ¦tþ R:rBÆnUvGPismacar eQμaHza GPismacariksIl .

Kb|IRCabesckþIvinicä&y

mYyvijeT[t

Baküza

GPismacariksIlenH CaeQμaH

kñúgcMENkénsIl

énsIld*esseRkABIsIlmanGaCIv;CaKMrb´ 8 ‘1’ . sIl ÉNa

karbMeBjsik¡abTEdlRBHPKv&tRTg´bJ¦tþ za

EdlCaPav;xagedIm énmK<RBhμcriy; eRBaHehtuenaH sIlenaH

²kmμenH KWGñkRtUveZVI³ ÉNaç karbMeBj nUvsik¡abTenaH eQμaHza

eTIbeQμaHza GaTiRBhμcriyksIl .

caritþsIl .

sIlenH CaeQμaHénGaCIvmdðksIl .

karmineZVI nUvesckþIelμIssik¡abT EdlRBHGg<

Baküza GaTiRBhμcriykEmnBit GaCIvmdðksIl

RTg´hamXat´ehIyza ²kmμenH KWGñkminRtUveZVI³ ÉNaç karmineZVI

enaH eQμaHzaekItedayPaBCaxagedIménmK< eRBaHPav;énsIlenaH

esckþIelμIssik¡abT

CaKuNKWbuK<lRtUvCRmH

varitþsIl .

EdlRBHGg<RTg´hamXat´enaH

eQμaHza

enH KW CaesckþIGZib|ayénBakü kñúgcaritþsIl nig

varitþsIlenaH .

Ég .

osÁatbrisuTÆ

kñúgcMENkCaxagedImnu@H

ehtuenaH RBHPKv&tRtas´za ²k*kaykmμç vcIkmμç GaCIv;

buK<lTaMgLay EtgRbRBwtþkñúgsIlenaH KÅza

rbs´Pik¡úenaH rEmgbrisuTÆlÁ taMgBIedImmkem¨øH ‘2’ ³ . mYyeT[t

RbRBwtþedayPaBCaGñkeZVIoeBjeljbribUN( kñúgsIlTaMgLay

BYksik¡abTNa EdlRBHPKv&tRtas´za ²Casik¡abTtUc nig tUc

eRBaHehtuenaH

bnÞab´³

sIlenaH

eTIbeQμaHza

caritþsIl

.

buK<l

sik¡abTenH eQμaHza GPismacariksIl .

TaMgLayEtgXMuRKg KWrkSanUvsik¡abT EdlRBHPKv&t RTg´ham

d*ess eQμaHza GaTiRBhμcriyksIl .

Xat´ehIy edaysIlenaH

Edlrab´bJ©Úl

varitþsIl .

eRBaHehtuenaH sIlenaH eQμaHza

bNþacaritþsIl nig varitþsIl TaMg 2 y¨agenaH

caritþsIl seRmcGMBIsTÆa nig vIriy;ç varitþsIl sMercGMBIsTÆa ‘Etmü¨ag’ .

sIl man 2 y¨ag edayGMNacéncaritþsIl nig

varitþsIl y¨agenHÉg .

bNÐitKb|IRCabvinicä&y kñúgRkumsIl 2 TI 2 . GPismacar .

mYyvijeT[t sIl

kñúgóPetaviPg< CaGaTiRBhμcriyksIlç

Edl

rab´bJ©Úl kñúgxnÆkvtþ eQμaHza GPismacariksIl . GaTiRBhμcriyksIl seRmcRBm eRBaHkiriyadl´RBm én GPismacariksIlenaH .

eRBaHehtuenaH

RBHPKv&tRTg´Rtas´za

²mñalPik¡úTaMgLay zaebIPik¡úenaH min:nbMeBjZm( KWGPisma-

‘RkumsIl 2 TI 2’

esμId*x¬g´x¬s´ eQμaHza

sik¡abT

karRbRBwtþiesμI

cariksIlo:neBjbribUN(ehIy nwgbMeBjnUvZm( KWGaTiRBhμkarRbRBwtþi d*x¬g´x¬s´

1- sIlmanGaCIv;CaKMrb´ 8 :ndl´kuslkmμbz 7 EdlCakaykmμ 3

vcIkmμ 4 nig GaCIv:risuTÆi 1 . 2- mÇ óÇ PaKTI 28 TMB&r 340 .


visuTÆimK< ERb

25

26

criyksIl dUecñHç karRbRBwtþienH CaehtuCaTItaMgminman ‘1’ ³ . sIl man 2 y¨ag

edayGMNac

énGPismacariksIl nig

GaTiRBhμcriyksIl dUecñHÉg .

bNÐit Kb|IRCabvinicä&y kñúgTuk; TI5 .

karkMNt´kalsmaTan eQμaHza kalbriynþsIlç sIlEdl

CIvit dUecñaHEdr eQμaHza Ga:NekadiksIl .

bNÐit Kb|IRCabesckþIvinicä&y kñúgTuk; TI3 .

sIl Edl

man:Nati:tCaedIm

eQμaHza

Rbkar

edayGMNackalbriynþsIl

bNÐit Kb|IRCabvinicä&y kñúgTuk; TII6 .

sIlEdlmankar

yl´eXIj edayGMNacénlaPç ysç jatiç Gvyv; nig CIvit

bNÐit Kb|IRCabesckþIvinicä&y kñúgTuk; TI 4 .

kñúgBaküza

CaTIbMput

eQμaHza

sbriynþsIlç

²nisS&y³ :ndl´ nisS&y man 2 y¨ag KW; tNØanisS&y 1

eQμaHza GbriynþsIl .

TidðinisS&y 1 .

kñúgbdism¬iTa

bNþanisS&yTaMg 2 enaH sIlNa EdlbuK<l

R:zña nUvsm|tþi kúñgPB y¨agenH za

Ga:NekadiksIl

‘RkumsIl 2 TI 6’

sIl man2 y¨ag edayGMNacvirtisIl nig GvirtisIl dUecñH . ‘RkumsIl 2 TI 4’

nig

sIl man 2

y¨agdUecñHÉg .

virtisIl . sIld*essmanectnaCaedIm eQμaHza GvirtisIl .

ß CaeTvtaNamYy

sIlEdlbuK<leZVI

buK<lsmaTan drabdl´Gs´CIvit ehIyRbRBwtþeTA drabdl´Gs´

‘RkumsIl 2 TI 3’

seRmcGMBIkarev[rcakeTas

sIlnieTÞs

²GatμaGj nwg:nCaeTvta

edaysIlenH³ dUecñH RbRBwtþeTAç

sIlenH

za; ²‘sYrza’

sIl

EdlpÞúyKñaGMBIenH

smdUcBaküEdlRBHsarIbuRt eBal sIl manTIbMputenaH

etIdUcemþc/ç

‘eqøIyza’ sIl manlaPCaTIbMput k*manç sIlmanysCaTIbMput k*manç sIlmanjatiCaTIbMput k*manç

sIlmanGvyv;CaTIbMput

eQμaHzaGaRs&yedaytNØa . sIlNa EdlbuK<loRbRBwtþeTA

k*manç sIlmanCIvitCaTIbMput k*manç ‘sYrza’ sIl manlaPCa

edaykaryl´eXIjzasÁatza ²GatμaGj CaGñksÁatedaysIl³

TIbMput etIdUcemþc/ç

dUecñHç sIlenH eQμaHza GaRs&yedayTidði .

knøgsik¡abT

Caelakutþr;pg

Caelakiy;

cMENksIlNa

EtCaeRK]gTMnukbMrugelakutþrsIl

‘eqøIyza’ buK<lBYkxøH kñúgelakenH RbRBwtþ

tamEdlxøÜnsmaTanehIyy¨agNa

ehtu eRBaHlaPCabc©&y eRBaHlaPCaedImehtuç sIl enHenaH

enaHpgç sIlenH eQμaHza GnisSitsIl . sIl 2 y¨ag KW

eQμaHza laPbriynþsIl ‘1’ .

nisSitsIl nig GnisSitsIl y¨agdUecñHÉg .

‘sEmþg’ oBisþar edayó:yenHÉg .

‘RkumsIl 2 TI 5’ 1– suÇ

GMÇ

PaKTI 44 TMB&rTI 28 .

eRBaHlaPCa

GbriynþsIl 1–

suÇ

xuÇ

sIleRkAGMBIenH bNÐit Kb|I sUm|IkñúgkarvisC¢na

k*elakeBalza ²‘sYrza’ sIlEdlminmanlaP PaKTI 69 TMB&rTI 97 .


visuTÆimK< ERb CaTIbMputenaH etIdUcemþc/ç

27

‘eqøIyza’ buK<lBYkxøH kñúgelakenH

minjúaMgsUm|IkarKitoekIteLIg

kñúgkarRbRBwtþiknøg

nUvsik¡abT

28

sIlnieTÞs

RbRBwtþeTA edIm|IRbeyaCn¾ dl´niBViTaç

niBViTa RbRBwtþeTA edIm|I

RbeyaCn¾dl´viraK;ç viraK; RbRBwtþeTA

edIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´vimutþiç

tamEdlxøÜn:nsmaTanehIyy¨agNa eRBaHehtuénlaP eRBaH

vimutþi RbRBwtþeTAedIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´vimutþiJ¦aNTsSn;ç vimutþiJ¦aN

bc©&yénlaP

TsSsn;

eRBaHdMeNIrénlaPç

buK<lenaH

nwgRbRBwtþknøg

RbRBwtþeTA

‘edaykayç vaca’ dUcemþcekItç sIlenHenaH eQμaHza minEmn

CitRbkan´minmanç

manlaPCaTIbMputeLIy ‘1’ ³.

RbeyaCn¾ç

ÉsIleRkAGMBIenH bNÐit Kb|I

edIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´RBHniBVan

kiriyaeBal

‘nUvvin&y’

CaTIcUleTA

mankarrYbrYmenH Ca

karRbwkSa ‘nUvvin&y’ manvin&yenHCaRbeyaCn¾ç

kar

‘sEmþg’oBisþar edayó:yenHÉg . sIlman 2 y¨ag eday

cUleTAGg<úyCit manvin&yenHCaRbeyaCn¾ç karepÁ{gRtec[ksþab´

GMNacénsbriynþsIl nig GbriynþsIl y¨agdUecñHÉg .

manvin&yenHCaRbeyaCn¾ç

‘RkumsIl 2 TI 7’ bNÐit Kb|IRCabvinicä&y kñúgTuk; TI 7 .

manvin&yenHCaRbeyaCn¾³ . sIl EdlRbkb

edayGasv;RKb´y¨ag eQμaHza elakiysIl .

sIl Edlmin

manGasv; eQμaHza elakutþrsIl . bNþasIlTaMg 2 y¨ag

rlas´xøÜnecjcakPBpg

smdUcCaRBHPKv&tRtas´

za ²vin&y RbRBwtþeTA edIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´sMvr;ç sMvr; RbRBwtþeTA

RbRBwtþeTAedIm|IRbeyaCn¾

CaPUmiénbc©evk¡NJ¦aNpg y¨agenH

nig elakutþrsIl edayRbkardUecñH . ‘RkumsIl 3 TI 1’ ‘12’ kñúgtik;TaMgLay bNÐitKb|IRCabvinicä&y kñúgtik; TI1 dUcteTA .

sIlEdlbuK<loRbRBwtþeTA edayqnÞ; d*ezakTabkþI

esckþImin

edaycitþ edayvIriy; edayvimMsad*ezakTabkþI eQμaHza hIn-

dl´:emaC¢;

sIlç sIl EdlbuK<loRbRBwtþeTA edayKuNTaMgLay man

edIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´esckþIminekþARkhaysþayeRkayç ekþARkhaysþayeRkay

elakutþrsIl CaehtunaMmknUvkar

Ég . bNÐitKb|IRCabsIl 2 y¨ag edayGMNacelakiysIl

enaH elakiysIl CasIlnaMKuNviesskñúgPBpg CaeRK]gKaM RTnUvkarrlas´xøÜnecjcakPBpg .

karrYcRsLHéncitþ eRBaHminRbkan´maM

:emaC¢; RbRBwtþeTARBm edIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´bItiç bIti RbRBwtþeTA

qnÞ;CaedIm CakNþal eQμaHza mCÄimsIlç

edIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´bsSTÆiç bsSTÆi RbRBwtþeTA edIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´

oRbRBwtþeTA edayqnÞ;d*ézøzøa eQμaHza bNItsIlç

sux;ç sux;RbRBwtþeTAedIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´smaZiç smaZiRbRBwtþeTA

sIlEdlbuK<lsmaTan edayPaBénxøÜnCaGñkR:zñays eQμaH

edIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´yzaPUtJ¦aNTsSn;ç yzaPUtJ¦aNTsSn;

za hInsIl .

1–

suÇ xuÇ

PaKTI 69 TMB&rTI 99 .

sIl EdlbuK<l mYyeT[t

sIl EdlbuK<lsmaTan eRBaHPaBénxøÜnCaGñk

R:zñapl énbuNü eQμaHza mCÄimsIl .

sIl

EdlbuK<l


visuTÆimK< ERb

29

30

sIlnieTÞs

smaTan eRBaHGaRs&ynUvPaBCaRBHGriy; edayKitza ²sIlenH

za ZmμaZibetyüsIl . sIlman 3 y¨ag edayGMNacénsIl

GatμaGjRtUvEteZVIBit³

manGtþaZibetyüsIlCaedIm y¨agenHÉg .

eQμaHza

bNItsIlç

mYyeT[t

sIl

‘RkumsIl 3 TI 3’

EdleTasTaMgLay mankarelIktem,IgxøÜnbnþúHbgÁab´GñkdéT cUl eTAesAhμgehIy sIlç

y¨agenHza

ÉBYkPik¡údéT

²GatμaGj

CaGñkRTusþsIl

CaGñkbribUN(

eday

manZm(d*lamk³

dUecñH

bNÐit Kb|IRCabvinicä&ykúñgtik; TI3 . sIlNa Edlelak eBalehIyza ²nisSitsIl³ kñúgBYkTII 2ç

sIlenaH

eQμaHza

elakiysIl EdleTasmincUleTAesAhμg

bramdðsIl eRBaHsIlenaH RtUvtNØa nig Tidði Bal´RtUvehIy .

ehIy eQμaHza mCÄimsIlç elakutþrsIl eQμaHzabNItsIl.

sIl EdlCaeRK]gKaMBarmK< énklüaNbuzuC¢n nig EdlRbkb

mYyvijeT[t sIl EdlbuK<loRbRBwtþeTAehIy edIm|IRbeyaCn¾

RBmedaymK<

dl´PB nig ePaK; edayGMNactNØa eQμaHza hInsIlç sIl

‘sIl EdltNØa nig Tidði Bal´RtUvmin:n’ç

EdlbuK<loRbRBwtþeTAehIy edIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´karjúaMgxøÜn o

RbkbRBmedaypl énRBHesxbuK<l nig RBHGesxbuK<lTaMg

rYccakTuk¡

Lay eQμaHza bdib|sSTÆisIl .

eQμaHza hInsIlç

eQμaHza

mCÄimsIlç

sIl

KWPav;én:rmIEdlRBH

eBaZistV oRbRBwtþeTA edIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´karjúaMgsBVstV orYc cakTuk¡ eQμaHza bNItsIl .

bNÐit Kb|IRCabsIl 3 y¨ag

edayGMNachInsIlç mCÄimsIl nig bNItsIl dUecñHÉg .

bNÐit Kb|IRCabvinicä&y kúñgtik; TI 2 .

sIl EdlbuK<l

mancitþZán´kñúgxøÜn R:zñacg´lHbg´nUvGMeBIminsmKYrdl´xøÜn RbRBwtþ eTA edayesckþIeKarB kñúgxøÜn eQμaHza GtþaZibetyüsIl . sIl EdlbuK<lmancitþZán´ kñúgelak cg´ec[svagBakütiHed[l RbRBwtþeTA

edayesckþIeKarB

kñúgelak

eQμaHza

elakaZibetyüsIlç sIl EdlbuK<lmancitþZán´kúñgZm( cg´bUCa nUvPav;énZm(CaZM RbRBwtþeTA edayesckþIeKarB kúñgRBHZm( eQμaH

eQμaHza

GbramdðsIl

cMENksIlEdl

sIl man 3 y¨ag eday

GMNacénsIl manbramdðsIlCaedIm y¨agenHÉg . ‘RkumsIl 3 TI 4’ bNÐit Kb|IRCabvinicä&y kúñgtik; TI4 . sIlNa EdlPik¡ú bMeBjeZVIminoRtUvGabtþiesaH

‘RkumsIl 3 TI 2’

kñúgelak

énesxbuK<lTaMgLay

BMuenaHesatRtUvehIy

Et:nenA

brivaskmμ ß sEmþgGabtþiecjç sIlenaH eQμaHza visuTÆisIlç sIlEdlPik¡úRtUvGabtþiehIyEtminenAbrivaskmμ ß sEmþgo:n lÁeLIgvij eQμaHza GvisuTÆisIlç sIl rbs´Pik¡úGñkmanesckþI sgS&ykúñgvtæú ‘EdlCaTIekItGabtþi’ kþI kñúgGabtþikþI kñúgkarRbRBwtþi xus‘EdlKYroekItGabtþi’kþI eQμaHza evmtiksIl . bNþasIl TaMgenaH GvisuTiÆsIl RBHeyaKIRtUvCRmHosÁat kñúgevmtiksIl minRtUveZVIkarRbRBwtþixuskúñgvtæú RtUvbenÞabg´esckþIsgS&y oTal´


visuTÆimK< ERb

31

Et:n dUecñH esckþIsb|ay nwgmandl´RBHeyaKIenaH . Kb|I RCabsIl

3

y¨ag

edayGMNacénsIl

manvisuTiÆsIl

bNÐitKb|IRCabvinicä&y kúñgtik; TI5 .

sIlEdlsm|yutþ

edayGriymK< 4 nig samJ¦pl 3 eQμaHza esxsIlç

sIl

Edlsm|yutþ edayGrhtþpl eQμaHza GesxsIlç sIld* ess eQμaHza envesxanaesxsIl .

sIl man 3 y¨ag

manesxsIlCaedIm y¨agdUecñHÉg

.

cMENkkúñgKm¬IrbdismÖiTa RBHZmμesnabtIsarIbuRteBal za eBalza;

buK<lenH

manesckþIsux

CaRbRktIç

buK<lenH manTuk¡CaRbRktIç buK<lenH manCemøaHCaRbRktIç buK<l enH

mankarRbdab´tak´EtgCaRbRktI

dUecñH

eRBaHsMedAyknUv

RbRktINaç RbRktIenaH elakehAza ²sIl³ rbs´stVTaMgLay enaH> kúñgelak eRBaHehtuNaç y¨ag

KW kuslsIlç

briyayenaH³ dUecñaHç

eRBaHehtuenaH sIl eTIbman 3

GkuslsIlç

GBüaktsIl

eday

sIl man 3 y¨ag edayGMNacsIl

mankuslsIlCaedIm y¨agdUecñHÉg . bNþasIlTaMg 3 y¨ag enaH ehtu

GkuslsIl

minsmsUm|IedaycMENkmYy

manlk¡N;CaedIm

esckþIenH ehtuenaH

tamn&yEdlx\úMeBalmkehIyhñwgÉg . ‘RkumsIl 4 TI 1’ ‘13’ kñúgctuk,;TaMgLay Kb|IRCabvinicä&y kñúgctuk,; TI1

‘RkumsIl 3 TI 5’

²CnTaMgLay

sIlnieTÞs

nig

GvisuTiÆsIlCaedIm y¨agdUecñHÉg .

edayGMNacénsIl

32

kñúgcMeNam

énsIlEdlx\Mú:nb¨gykehIy

kñúg

eTIbmin:nnaMmkbJ©Úl kúñgnieTÞsenHeT .

eRBaHehtuenaH bNÐitKb|IRCabPav;énsIlenaHman 3 y¨ag

Pik¡úNa kñúgsasnaenH esBKb´BYkCnRTusþsIl

minesBKb´BYkCnGñkmansIl CaGñklág´exøA min

eXIjnUveTas kñúgkiriyaRbRBwtþiknøgcMeBaHvtæú eRcIn

edayesckþIRtiHriHxus minrkSanUv«®nÞIy¾TaMgLayç

sIl rbs´Pik¡úmansPaBEbbenHenaH cat´za Ca sIl RbRBwtþeTA kúñgcMENkénesckþIsabsUnü .

cMENk Pik¡úNa kñúgRBHsasnaenH CaGñkmancitþ eRtkGrrIkray

kñúgsIlsm|tþi

minjúaMgesckþI

R:zñakúñgcitþ oekIteLIg kñúgkarRbkber]y> kñúg kmμdðanç sIlenaH rbs´Pik¡úrUbenaH CaGñkeRtkGr RtwmEtsIl minRbwgERbgBüayamo:nx¬s´ teTA

eT[t CasIlRbRBwtþeTA kúñgcMENkénkartaMgenA . cMENk Pikú¡rUbNa bribUN(edaysIl RbwgERbg

Büayam edIm|IRbeyaCn¾ dl´smaZiç sIl rbs´ Pik¡úenaH CasIlRbRBwtþeTA kñúgcMENk énKuN

viess . Pik¡úrUbNa mineRtkGr edayehtuRtwm EtsIl EtgRbkber]y> nUvesckþIen]yNayç

sIl rbs´Pikú¡rUbenaH CasIlRbRBwtþeTAkñúgcMENk énkarRtas´dwg .


visuTÆimK< ERb sIl man 4 y¨ag

33

edayGMNacénsIl manhanPaKiy-

sIlCaedIm edayRbkardUecñHÉg .

34

sIlnieTÞs

eBlNaç kñúgeBlenaH citþ RbkbedaykamKuN kñúgBYkburs minekIteLIgdl´RBHmata énRBHeBaZistVeLIy ‘1’³ dUecñH ‘sIl

‘RkumsIl 4 TI 2’

enH’ eQμaHza ZmμtasIlç cMENkxagsIlrbs´stVEdlbrisuTÆ

Kb|IRCabvinicä&y kñúgctuk,; TI2 teTA . sik¡abTTaMgLay

TaMgLay manRBHmhaksSb;CaedIm nig rbs´RBHeBaZistV kñúg

EdlRBHPKv&t RTg´Rtas´bJ¦tþ R:rBÆPik¡úTaMgLay nig sik¡abT

CatiTaMgLayenaH> eQμaHza buBVehtuksIl . sIl man 4

EdlPik¡úTaMgenaH RtUvEtrkSa tamRBHbJ¦tþç sIlenH eQμaHza

y¨ag edayGMNacénsIl manRbRktisIlCaedIm y¨agdUecñH .

Pik¡úsIlç sik¡abTTaMgLay EdlRBHPKv&tRTg´Rtas´bJ¦tþR:rBÆ Pik¡únITaMgLay

nig

sik¡abTEdlPik¡únITaMgenaH

RtUvEtrkSatam

‘RkumsIl 4 TI 4’ Kb|IRCabvinicä&y kñúgctuk,; TI 4 dUcteTAenH .

RBHbJ¦tþç sIlenH eQμaHza Pik¡únIsIlç sIl 10 rbs´BYk sameNr nig sameNrI

eQμaHza Gnubsm|nñsIlç

sik¡abT

‘:tiemak¡sMvrsIl’ sIlÉNa EdlRBHPKv&tRTg´Rtas´ y¨agenHza ²Pik¡ú kúñg

TaMg 5 edayGMNacénnic©sIl rbs´BYkó:sk nig ó:sikaç

sasnaenH

ß ebImanesckþIósSah¾ ‘ó:sk nig ó:sikaRtUvEtrkSa’ sIl

bribUN(edayGacar; nig eKacr; enA

10ç sIl 8 edayGMNacénGg<rbs´óe:sz eRBaHehtuenaH

TaMgLay EdlmanRbmaNtictYc smaTan sikSa kúñgsik¡abT

sIlenH eQμaHza KhdðsIl .

TaMgLay ‘2’³ dUecñHç

sIl man 4 y¨ag eday

CaGñksRgYmedaykarsRgYm

GMNacénsIl manPik¡úsIlCaedIm y¨agenHÉg .

kúñg:tiemak¡

CaGñkeXIjP&y

CaGñk

kúñgeTas

sIlenH eQμaHza :tiemak¡sMvrsIl . ‘«®nÞiysMvrsIl’

‘RkumsIl 4 TI 3’

cMENkÉ sIlNa EdlRBHPKv&t RTg´Rtas´za ²Pik¡úenaH

Kb|IRCabvinicä&y kñúgctuk,; TI3 teTAenH .

karminRbRBwtþi

elμIs ‘sIl 5’ rbs´BYkmnusSGñkenA kñúgótþrkuruTVIb

eQμaHza

eXIjnUvrUb GnuBüJ¢n;ç

edayck¡ú

CaGñkminkan´yknUvnimitþ

minkan´yknUv

BYkZm(GaRkk´ CaGkusl KWGPiCÄa nig eTamnsS

RbRktisIlç maryaT nig b\kBaer[g>xøÜn rbs´RtkUlç RbeTs

Kb|ICab´tamnUvPik¡úenaH

nig lTÆiTaMgLay

sIl rbs´RBHmata

RbtibtþiedIm|IsRgYmnUvck¡ú®nÞIy¾enaH EtgrkSanUvck¡ú®nÞIy¾ dl´nUvkar

énRBHeBaZistV EdlRBHPKv&tRTg´Rtas´ y¨agenHza ²mñalGannÞ

sRgYmkúñgck¡ú®nÞIy¾ç Pik¡úenaH »sMeLg edayRtec[k .l. ZMukøin

enH CaZmμtaç

eQμaHza GacarsIlç

RBHeBaZistV

yagcuHkan´RBHK(P énRBHmata

kñúg

eRBaHehtuminsRgYm

nUvck¡ú®nÞIy¾Na

1– suÇ TIÇ mÇ PaK 16 TMB& 26 . 2- GPiÇ viÇ PaK 81 TMB&r 245 .


visuTÆimK< ERb

35

36

sIlnieTÞs

edayRcmuH .l. PøkSrs edayGNþat .l. Bal´RtUvepadðBV;

kulbuRtEdlbYsedaysTÆa manevaharKWxøÜn:nehIy y¨agdUecñH

edaykay

eRBaHPav;KWxøÜneXIjP&y kñúgsgSarpg eRBaHCaGñkRTRTg´nUvpÞaMg

.l.

dwgc|as´ZmμarmμN¾

edaycitþ

EtCaGñkmin

kan´yknUvnimitþ .l. rEmgdl´nUvkarsRgYmkñúgmni®nÞIy¾ ‘1’ ³

‘14’ kñúgbTza ²:tiemak¡sMvrsMvueta³ enH Kb|IRCabvinicä&y

dUecñHç sIlenH eQμaHza «®nÞiysMvrsIl . ‘GaCIv:risuTÆisIl’

dUcteTA .

cMENkkiriyaev[rÉNa cakmicäaCIv; EdlRbRBwtþeTA eday GMNacénkarRbRBwtþielμIs RTg´Rtas´bJ¦tþ

nUvsik¡abTTaMgLay

eRBaHehtuénGaCIv;

sMBt´EdlbuK<lkat´dac´ehIypg .

EdlRBHPKv&t

eRBaHdMeNIrénGaCIv;

nig

sIl EdlCasik¡abT eQμaHza :tiemak¡ . eRBaH

Pik¡úNa EzTaM KW rkSa nUv:tiemak¡sIlenaHç

júaMgPik¡úenaH orYcput KWza orYcredaHcakTuk¡TaMgLay manTuk¡ kúñgG:yCaedIm eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbRBHPKv&t RTg´Rtas´ehAza

edayGMNac én:bZm(TaMgLay manCaGaTi¾

y¨agenH

KW ²kar

²:tiemak¡³ .

kuhk

PaBCaGñkeRbIkl

karsRgYmenH

edayb\kç

ó:y

karlelag

edaykayxøH

sMrab´ekasyklaPç eTATak´laP³ dUecñHç

edayvacaç

edayvacaxøHç

PaBCaGñkeRbIsMdICaexñas

PaBénkarEsVgrklaP

edayyklaP

sIlenH eQμaHza GaCIv:risuTÆisIl .

kareRbIR:s´bc©&y 4

brisuTÆ edaykarBicarNa EdlRBH

karrvaMgRby&tñ eQμaHza karsRgYm . CaeQμaH

za :tiemak¡sMvr; . dl´ehIy

RbkbRBmehIy CaGñksRgYmehIy

enHCakzaeRK]gvinicä&y esckþIBN(na

RBmCamYynwg

tamlMdab´bT cab´taMgGMBIedImmk .

bTza ²«Z³ KW 1–

kñúgsIlTaMgenaH

kñúgsasnaenH .

suÇ mÇ mUÇ PaKTI 22 TMB&rTI 189 .

bTza ²Pik¡ú³ :ndl´

EdlRbRBwtþeTA

Pik¡ú sRgYmehIy

edayeRK]gsRgYm

KWcUl

KW:tiemak¡enaH

eday:tiemak¡sMvr;

.

bTza

²vihrti³ :ndl´júaMg«riyabz oRbRBwtþeTA . ‘Gacar; nig Gnacar;’ esckþIGZib|ay énbTTaMgLay manbTza ²GacareKacr-

sm|enña³ dUecñHCaedIm

sIlenH eQμaHza bc©ysnñisSitsIl .

Baküza

karsRgYm KW:tiemak¡hñwgÉg eQμaH

GZib|ayza;

PKv&tRTg´Rtas´ edayn&yCaedImza ²Pik¡ú BicarNa edayó:y ehIy eTIbeRbIR:s´nUvcIvr za RKan´EtedIm|IkarBarRtCak´³ dUecñHç

énkarminRbRBwtþielμIs

kúñgpøÚvkay nig pøÚvvaca .

eQμaHza

‘bc©ysnñisSitsIl’

:tiemak¡sIlenaH

kñúg:lIÉeNaH .

bNÐit Kb|IRCab tamn&yEdlmkehIy

EmnBit BaküenH RBHGdðkzacarü eBalza ;

Rtg´bTza ²GacareKacrsm|enña³ mannieTÞsza maryaT k*manç «tmaryaT k*man .

bNþaGacar;

enaH Gnacar; etIdUcemþc/ .

nig Gnacar; TaMg 2 y¨ag

karRbRBwtþiknøg

tampøÚvkay kar


visuTÆimK< ERb

37

38

sIlnieTÞs

RbRBwtþiknøg tampøÚvvaca karRbRBwtþiknøg tampøÚvkay nig kar

edayeZVICaeCIgsasn¾ ‘naMdMNwgoRKhsæ’xøH ßk* minciJ©wmCIvit

RbRBwtþiknøg tampøÚvvacaç karRbRBwtþiknøgenH RBHPKv&tRTg´Rtas´

edaykarciJ©wmCIvitxus ÉNamYy eRkAGMBIenH EdlRBHBuTÆ RTg´

ehAza Gnacar; .

tiHed[lç

PaBénPik¡úCaGñkRTusþsIlTaMgGs´ eQμaHza

karciJ©wmCIvitEbbenH ehAza Gacar; . ‘eKacr nig GeKacr’

Gnacar;ç Pik¡úBYkxøH kñúgsasnaenH ciJ©wmCIvitedaykarob\sSIxøH edaykarosøwkeQIxøH edaykarop,aeQIç EpøeQIç lMGitsMrab´

bTza ²eKacera³ KWeKacr man GeKacr manç bNþaeKacr

gUt nig eQIsÞn´xøH edayPaBCaGñkRbRBwtþbnÞabxøÜnxøH edayPaB

nig GeKacrTaMg 2 enaH GeKacr etIdUcemþc/ .

CaGñkeBal

dUcCasmø

sasnaenH CaGñkRtac´eTA kñúgTICaTIenAénRsIeBsüa ß ßza Ca

sENþk:yxøH edayPaBCaGñkbI-B nUvTarkénRKhsæxøH eday

GñkRtac´eTA kñúgTICaTIenAénRsIemm¨ayç RsIRkmMucas´ç bNÐk ‘KW

eZVICaeCIgsasn¾ ‘naMdMNwgoRKhsæ’ xøH ßk* edaykarciJ©wm

mnusSexÞIy’ nagPik¡únI nig eragsura CaGñkenARcbUkRcbl´ eday

CIvitxus ÉNamYy eRkAGMBIenH EdlRBHBuTÆRTg´tiHed[lehIyç

BYkesþc BYkmhamatüénesþc BYktiræiy BYksav&kéntiræiy CaGñk

karciJ©wmCIvitenH RBHPKv&t RTg´Rtas´ehAza Gnacar; .

enA edaykarRcbUkRcbl´ CamYyRKhsæ EdlminRbkbedaykar

nUvBaküeLHeLaH

‘BitxøH

minBitxøH’

bNþaGacar; nig Gnacar; TaMg 2 enaH Gacar; etIdUcemþc/ç

smKYrç

Pik¡úBYkxøH kñúg

mYyeT[t Pik¡úKb´rab´rk cUleTAGg<úyCitnwgRtkUlTaMg

karminRbRBwtþiknøg tampøÚvkay karminRbRBwtþiknøg tampøÚvvacaç

Lay

karminRbRBwtþiknøgtampøÚvkay nig kiriyaminRbRBwtþiknøg tampøÚv

esckþIceRmIn

vacaç karminRbRBwtþiknøgenH RBHPKv&tRTg´Rtas´ehAza Gacar; .

R:zñaesckþIekSmcakeyaK;dl´BYkPik¡úç Pik¡únIç ó:skçó:sikaç

karsRgYm

karRbRBwtþirbs´Pik¡ú dUc:ner[brab´mkenH RBHPKv&tRtas´ehAza

kúñgsIlTaMgGs´

sasnaenH

minciJ©wmCIvit

eQμaHza

Gacar;ç

edaykarob\sSIxøH

Pik¡úBYkxøH

kñúg

minciJ©wmCIvit

EdlminmansTÆa

minRCHzøa

minR:zñaRbeyaCn¾

CaGñkeCrRbeTc

minR:zña

minR:zñaesckþIsb|ay

min

GeKacr .

Epø

bNþaeKacr nig GeKacrTaMg 2 enaH eKacr etIdUcemþc/ .

eQIç lMGitsMrab´gUt nig eQIsÞn´xøH minciJ©wmCIvit edayPaB

Pik¡úBYkxøH kñúgsasnaenH CaGñkminRtac´eTA kñúgTICaTIenA énRsI

CaGñkRbRBwtþbnÞabxøÜnxøH

eBsüa

edaykarosøwkeQIxøH

BaküeLHeLaH

minciJ©wmCIvit

minciJ©wmCIvit

‘BitxøHminBitxøH’

edaykarop,aeQIç

edayPaBCaGñkeBalnUv

dUcCasmøsENþk:yxøH

ciJ©wmCIvit edayPaBCaGñkbI-B TarkénRKhsæxøH

min

minciJ©wmCIvit

.l.

CaGñkminRtac´eTA kúñgeragpwksura minenARcbUk

Rcbl´ edayBYkesþc .l. edaysav&kéntiræiy .l. CaGñk minenARcbUkRcbl´ edayRKhsæEdlminRbkb edayesckþIsm


visuTÆimK< ERb

39

40

sIlnieTÞs

KYrç mYyeT[t Pik¡úesBKb´ rab´rk cUleTAGg<úyCitnwgRtkUlTaMg

c®g,melITIc®g,mTabç xøÜnc®g,melITIc®g,mx¬s´ç kalBYkPik¡úcas´

Lay EdlmansTÆaRCHzøa dUcCaGNþÚgTwk ruger]g edaysMBt´

c®g,melIEpndIç xøÜnc®g,melITIc®g,mç QreRC[tERCkBYkPik¡úcas´

kasav; pSBVpSay edaykøinxül´éncIvr rbs´«sI KW Pik¡ú nig

xøHç Gg<úyeRC[tERCkBYkPik¡úcas´xøHç hamBYkPik¡úzμI edayGasn;

Pik¡únI CaGñkR:zñaRbeyaCn¾ .l. CaGñkR:zñaZm(CaeRK]gekSm

xøHç dak´óseTAkñúgeragePøIg biTTVar minR:b´BYkPik¡úcas´xøHç cuH

cakeyaK; dl´BYkPik¡úç Pik¡únIç ó:skç ó:sikaç karRbRBwtiþ

eTAkñúgkMBg´Twk

rbs´Pik¡úenH RBHPKv&tRtas´ehAza eKacr .

xøHç gUtRbeRC[txøHç gUtmunxøHç eLIgRbeRC[txøHç eLIgmunxøHç cUl

Pik¡úNa CaGñkcUl

eRC[tERCkBYkPik¡úcas´xøHç

dl´ehIy cUldl´RBmehIy CaGñkcUleTACit cUleTACitRBm

eTAkan´cenøaHpÞH

ehIy

edIreC[seTAxagmux > BYkPik¡úcas´xøHç

CaGñkcUlmkdl´ehIy

CaGñkcUlmkdl´RBmehIy

Ca

cuHeTAmunBYkPik¡úcas´

edIreb[tRbeRC[tBYkPik¡úcas´xøHç

edIrxagmuxxøHç

bnÞb´TaMgLay rbs´BYk

edayeKacr;enHpg

RtkUlEdleKlak´el[m nig biT:Mg EdlCaTIEdlBYkRsþI kñúg

edayRbkardUecñHç eRBaHehtuenaH Pik¡úenaH RBHPKv&tRtas´ehAza

RtkUl BYkkumarIkñúgRtkUlGg<úy k*cUleTA kúñgbnÞb´enaH eday

²GñkRbkbRBmehIy edayGacar; nig eKacr;³ dUecñH .

rh&s

GñkRbkbRBmehIy

edayGacar;enHpg

n&ymYyeT[t bNÐit Kb|IRCabGacar; nig eKacr; tamn&y

k*Gnacar man 2 y¨ag

pøÚvkay 1 RbRBwtþeTAtampøÚvvaca 1 .

Gakb|kiriyaEbbenH

RBH

PKv&tRtas´ehAza Gnacar RbRBwtþeTAtampøÚvkay .

enH kñúg:tiemak¡sIlnieTÞsenHcuH . ‘15’

RcmGEgÁlk|alekμgtUcxøHç

bNþaGnacar TaMg 2 y¨agenaH Gnacar RbRBwtþeTA kúñgpøÚv KW Gnacar RbRBwtþeTA tam bNþaGnacarTaMg 2 y¨ag

enaH Gnacar EdlRbRBwtþeTAtampøÚvkay etIdUcemþc/ .

Pikú¡BYk

vaca etIdUcemþc/ . Pik¡úBYkxøH kñúgsasnaenH sUm|IcUleTAehIy kúñgTIRbCMusg¹

k*mineZVIesckþIeKarBekatERkg

niyayZm(

edaH

RsaybJØa sEmþg:tiemak¡ minR:b´BYkPik¡úcas´xøHç Qrniyay

xøH kñúgsasnaenH sUm|IenAkñúgTIRbCMusg¹ k*mineZVIesckþIeKarB

xøHç

ekatERkg

GaraknwgRsIþ ß kumarI y¨agenHza ²En®sþImaneQμaHy¨agenH En

QrRbeK[kRbKgBYkPik¡úcas´xøH

nwgBYkPik¡úcas´xøHç Pik¡úcas´xøHç

Gg<úyRbeK[kRbKg

QrenABImuxBYkPik¡úcas´xøHç

Gg<úyelIGasn;x¬s´xøHç

Gg<úycMBImuxBYk

Gg<úyTTUrk|alxøHç

Qr

niyayvasédxøHç

sUm|IcUleTAkan´cenøaHpÞH

eBalccak

kumarImaneKaRty¨agenH bbrmanßeT/ :ymanßeT/ xaTnIy; manßeT/

eyIgnwgpwkGVI/

nwgTMBaGVI/ nwgqan´GVI/ ßza BYknag

niyayxøHç niyayvasedImédxøHç kalBYkPik¡úcas´ minBak´Es|g

nwgoGVIdl´Gatμa/³ dUecñHç vacaEbbenH RBHPKv&t Rtas´ehAza

eCIgedIrc®g,mç xøÜnk*Bak´Es|keCIgedIrc®g,mç

Gnacar RbRBwtþeTAtampøÚvvaca .

kalBYkPik¡úcas´edIr

cMENkGacar; bNÐitKb|IRCab


visuTÆimK< ERb

41

42

sIlnieTÞs

edaybJ¦aç

edayGMNacbdibk¡n&y énGnacarenaHcuH . n&ymYyvijeT[t Pik¡ú manesckIþeKarB manesckþIekatERkg

eKacr

KWklüaNmiRtenH RBHPKv&t Rtas´ehAza

óbnisSyeKacr . Gark¡eKacr etIdUcemþc/ç

bribUN(edayhiri nig Otþb|; esø{klÁRtwmRtUv XøúMlÁRtwmRtUv man

Pik¡ú kúñgsasnaenH cUleTAkan´

kiriyaQaneTAmux mankiriyaQanzyeRkay mankarsmøwgemIl

cenøaHpÞH edIreTAkan´vizI manck¡úOncuHeRkam manRbRktIemIlRtwm

mankiriyaemIlCMuvij

Rbkb

EtmYyCYrnwm sRgYmedIreTA minrmilemIldMrI minrmilemIlesH

edayesckþIRCHzøa manckú¡sMLwgcuHeRkam bribUN(eday«riyabz

minrmilemIlrz minrmilemIlGñkezμIreCIg minrmilemIlRsþI min

manTVarRKb´RKgehIy kñúg«riyabzTaMgLay s<al´RbmaN kñúg

rmilemIlburs

ePaCn

TaMgminrmilemIlTisZM nig TistUc edIreTAç eKacrenH RBHPKv&t

mankiriyabt´Gg,új

Rbkber]y>

kñúgkiriyaP\ak´rB\k

latsNþÚk

bribUN(edaysti

nig

sm|CJ¦; manesckþIR:zñaticç senþas minRcbUkRcbl´ man esckþIBüayamR:rBÆehIy

eZVIesckþIeKarB

minrmilemIlxagelI

minrmilemIlxageRkam

Rtas´ehAza Gark¡eKacr .

kñúgGPismacarikvtþ

óbniBnÆeKacr

etIdUcemþc/

Pik¡ú cUleTAcgeRk[kcitþTuk kñúg

TaMgLay CaGñkeRcInenAedayesckþIeKarB nig esckþIekatERkgç

Zm(TaMgLayNaç

kiriyaRbRBwtþiEbbenH RBHPKv&tRTg´ehAza Gacar; .

smdUcRBHPKv&tRtas´za ²mñalPik¡úTaMgLay cuHGVIeTA/ CaeKacr

bNÐit Kb|I

rbs´Pik¡úç KWZm(EdlCavis&y rbs´bitaénxøÜnç Zm(enH KWGVI/ KW

RCabGacar; y¨agenHmun . ‘eKacr 3 y¨ag’

stibdðan 4 ‘1’ ³ dUecñHç

cMENk eKacr vij man 3 Rbkar KW óbnisSyeKacr 1ç Gark¡eKacr 1ç óbniBnÆeKacr 1 . óbnisSyeKacretIdUcemþc/

eRBaHGaRs&yklüaNmiRtNa

EdlxøÜn:nsþab´ehIy oRtg´

Pik¡ú sþab´nUvsURt EdlxøÜnmin

opUrpg´

júaMgcitþoRCHzøa

ß

eZVITidði

kalsikSatamklüaNmiRtNa

EtgcMerIn edaysTÆa ceRmInedaysIlç edaysut;ç

Pik¡úRbkbehIy RbkbRBmehIy edayGacar;enHpg eday eKacrenHpg y¨agdUecñHÉg

edaycaK;ç

eRBaHehtuenaH

eTIbRBHPKv&t Rtas´

ehAza ²GñkbribUN(edayGacar; nig eKacr;³ .

júaMgsURt

benÞabg´esckþIsgS&y

eKacrenH RBHPKv&t RTg´Rtas´ehAza

óbniBnÆeKacr .

bNþaeKacrTaMg 3 enaH

klüaNmiRtCaGñkRbkbRBmehIy

edayKuN KWkzavtæú 10 y¨agç Tan´:nsþab´ehIy

Zm(TaMgLayenaH KW stibdðan 4ç BaküenH

‘16’

bTza

²GNumetþsu veC¢su PyTsSavI³ esckþIza

Pik¡úCaGñkmanRbRktIeXIjP&y kñúgeTasTaMgLaymanRbmaNtic tYc EdlepSgKña edayeTas manCaGaTi¾ 1-

suÇ

sMÇ

KW eski¡yvtþ EdlPikú¡

mhavarÇ PaKTI 38 TMB&rTI 18 .


visuTÆimK< ERb minEkøgRtUvehIy

nig

citþúb|aT

EdlCaGkusl

43 .

bTza

44

sIlnieTÞs

rUbedaycitþ

Edlmanck¡úbsaTCaTItaMgç

cMENkkareBalEbb

²smaTay sik¡ti sik¡abeTsu³ esckþIza sIlÉNamYy Edl

enHnu@H

xøÜnRtUvsikSa kñúgsik¡abTTaMgLayç Pik¡ú sikSakan´yk nUvsIl

TaMgLayza buK<l:j´‘RmwK’edayZñÚ dUecñHCaedIm .

TaMgGs´enaH edaylÁRbéB .

enaH

k*kñúgGZikar én:tiemak¡sMvrsIlenH bNÐit Kb|IRCab za

eQμaHza

Baküza

kareBalRbkbedaysmÖar;

²eXIjrUbedayck¡úviJ¦aN³

dUcCakñúgRbeyaK

enHnu@H

eRBaHehtu CaesckþIkñúg

Baküza ²eXIjrUb edayck¡ú³ enaH .

²:tiemak¡sMvrsIl RBHPKv&tRTg´sEmþgehIy edayeTsna Ca

bTza ²n nimitþK<ahI³ esckþIza Pik¡ú minkan´yknUvnimitþ

buK<laTidðan edayehtumanRbmaNb¨ueNÑH za ²GñksRgYmehIy

kñúg®sþI nig burs ßza nimitþEdlCaTItaMgénkiels mansuPnimitþ

edayeRK]gsRgYm KW:tiemak¡³ dUecñHç

CaedIm

cMENkxag Baküza ²Gñk

dl´RBmehIyedayGacar; nig eKacr;³ dUecñHCaedIm KWRBHPKv&t RTg´Rtas´ehIy

edIm|IsEmþgnUvesckþIRbtibtþi

EdlCapøÚv:n

seRmcénsIlTaMgBYgenaH dl´buK<lGñkRbtibtþi .

cMENkÉ «®nÞiysMvrsIlenHÉNa

Rtas´sEmþgehIy

²nanuBüJ¢nK<ahI³ esckþIza

minkan´yknUvGakar;

epSgedayGakar; manédç eCIgç k|alç sMeNIcç

edIm EdlRBHPKv&t

bnþbnÞab´GMBI:tiemak¡sMvrsIlenaH

n&yza ²Pik¡úenaH eXIjrUb edayck¡ú³ dUecñHCaedImç

bTza

BaküEdl

burs nig RsIþeBalcrcaKñaeTAvijeTAmk nig karRkeLkemIlCa

‘«®nÞiysMvrsIl’ ‘17’

fitenAkúñgnimitþRtwmEtxøÜneXIjb¨ueNÑaHÉg .

eday

bNÐit Kb|I

RCabvinicä&y kúñg«®nÞiysMvrsIlenaH dUcteTAenH . bTza ²Pik¡úenaH³ :ndl´Pik¡úGñkfitenAehIy kúñg:tiemak¡-

Edl:nevaharza

²GnuBüJ¢n;³

eRBaHCaGnuBüJ¢n;

KW

eRBaHCaeRK]geZVIesckþIR:kd énkielsTaMgLayç Gakar;ÉNa R:kdc|as´ kñúgsrIr;enaHç

k*kan´yknUvGakar; mansk´CaedIm

enaH ‘CaGarmμN¾’ dUcRBHmhatisSetær GñkenAkñúgectiybB(t . :n»mkza CamYysVamIehIy

kUnRbsaRsIénRtkUlmñak´

:neQøaHTas´ETg

sÁitsÁagedayeRK]gRbdab´d*lÁ

dUcCanag

Baküza ²eXIjrUbedayck¡ú³ esckþIza eXIj

eTvkJ¦a ecjBIGnuraZburI taMgBIRBwkRBham edIreTAkan´pÞHénjati

rUbedayck¡úviJ¦aN EdlGaceXIjrUb eRBaH:nevaharza ²ck¡ú³

k*:neXIjRBHmhatisSetærenaH kMBugnimnþmkBIectiybB(t ‘eTA’

edayGMNacénehtu .

kan´GnuraZburI

sMvrsIlenaH .

EmnBit buraNacarü eBalza ²ck¡ú min

edIm|IbiNÐ:t

Rtg´cenøaHpøÚv

CaRsImancitþ

eXIjrUb eRBaHck¡úminmancitþç Écitþ k*mineXIjrUb eRBaHcitþmin

mayehIy esIcy¨agxøaMg .

manck¡úç

²enHCaGVI/³ k*:nnUvGsuPsJ¦a Rtg´qÁwgeZμjénRsIenaH

EtkalebITVar nig GarmμN¾mkpÞb´Kñaç buK<l rEmgeXIj

ray

ÉRBHezr; RkeLkemIledayKitza ehIyk*


visuTÆimK< ERb

45

46

sIlnieTÞs

:nsMercGrhtþ .

eRBaHstikþI

eRBaHehtuenaH

ekIteLIgesaHeLIyç

eTIbRBHGdðkzacarü eBalza ;

seRmcekIteLIgehIyrlt´eTAvijç tBIenaHmk ck¡úviJ¦aN júaMg

kúñgTIenaHdEdl :nseRmcRBHGrhtþehIy .

RBHezr;

k*sYrza

RsþIEdrßeT/³ .

²bBiRtelakm©as´!

:nCYbRbTHnwg

etIelakm©as´ :neXIj

RBHezr; R:b´bursCasVamI rbs´RsþIenaH za ;

buK<lenaH

manGPiCÄaCaedImenaH Gñkmins®gYmckú¡®nÞIy¾

Kb|ICab´tam

KÅedjtam

KWCaGñkmanck¡úTVarmin:nbiT

ehIy enAedaysnÞHTVar KWsti eRBaHehtuNa KåeRBaHehtuénkar mins®gYmck¡ú®nÞIy¾Na esckþIza

.

bTza

²tsS sMvray bdibC¢ti³

Pik¡ú Rbtibtþi edIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´karbiT nUvck¡ú®nÞIy¾enaH

edaysnÞHTVarKWsti .

k*Pik¡ú kalRbtibtþi y¨agdUecñH RBHPKv&t

Rtas´za ²rkSanUvck¡ú®nÞIy¾xøH dl´nUvkars®gYm kúñgck¡ú®nÞIy¾xøH³ . kúñgBaküza

²dl´nUvkars®gYm

kúñgck¡ú®nÞIy¾³

enaH

menaZatuEdlCavi:kjúaMgsm|dicänñkic©oseRmc ekIteLIgehIy k*rlt´eTAvijç

bnÞab´mk menaviJ¦aNZatu EdlCaGehtukvi:k

júaMgsnþIrNkic© oseRmc ekIteLIgehIy k*rlt´eTAvijç bnÞab´ menaviJ¦aNZatu

EdlCaGehtukkiriya

oseRmc ekIteLIgehIy rlt´eTAvijç

Etza ragqÁwgn@uH kMBugedIrenAelIpøÚvZM .

kñúgBaküza ²ytVaZikrNemnM³ dUecñHCaedIm manvinicä&yza Zm(TaMgLay

TsSnkic© oseRmc ekIteLIgehIy k*rlt´eTAvijç tBIenaHmk

mk

Gatμa mindwgc|as´za RsþI ß bursEdledIreTA GMBI TIenHeTç

rU:rmμN¾ mkkan´rgVg´énck¡ú

ehIy k*rlt´eTAvijç menaZatu EdlCakiriya júaMgGavC¢nkic© o

eXIjnUvGsuPsJ¦a kúñgkalmunç elakQrenA

kaledIrtammk

mYyvijeT[t

min:nGaRs&ynUvck¡úbsaT

kñúgeBlNaç kñúgeBlenaH kalebIPvg<ekIteLIg Gs´var; 2 dg

RBHezr; eXIjqÁwgeZμj rbs´RsþIenaHehIy k*rB\k

cMENksVamIénRsþIenaH

eRBaHkarePøcPøaMgstikþI

bNÐit

Kb|IRCabzasMvr;kþI GsMvr;kþI kñúgck¡ú®nÞIy¾ minman k*BitEmnehIy

rEmgsÞúHeTA .

sMvr;kþI

kúñglMdab´enaH Cvncitþ

GsMvr;kþI sUm|Ikñúgsm&yTaMgLayenaH

KW kñúgPvg<sm&y k*minmanç CaedIm

júaMgevadðBVnkic©

bNþasm&yénvizIcitþ manGavC¢ncitþ

sm&yNamYy k*minmanesaHeLIy .

énCvncitþ

ebIPaBénbuK<lGñkRTusþsIlkþIç

Etza kñúgxN;

karePøcPøaMgstikþIç

karmindwgkþIç karminGt´Zn´kþIç karx¢ilRcGUskþI ekIteLIgç karmin s®gYm eTIbman .

k*karmins®gYm Edlmany¨agenHenaH

PKv&tRTg´Rtas´za; ²karmins®gYm kúñgck¡ú®nÞIy¾³ . GVI/ .

eRBaHehtuza

GavC¢ncitþCaedIm

eRBaHehtu

kalebIkarmins®gYmenaHmanç

k*CaTVar KWPik¡ú min:nRKb´RKgehIyç

RBH

sUm|ITVar

TaMgPvg< TaMgvizIcitþ man

KWPik¡úmin:nRKb´RKgehIyEdr

.

eRb[bdUcCa

GVI/ . eRb[bdUcCa kalebITVarTaMg 4 kñúgRkugEdleKmin:nbiT


visuTÆimK< ERb ehIyç

eKhb|eTsTaMgLay

manxagkúñgpÞHç

exøagTVar

47

48

sIlnieTÞs

nig

n&ysUm|IkúñgRbeyaKTaMgLayza ²»sMeLgedayRtec[k³ dUecñH

bnÞb´CaedIm CaRbeTs KWeKbiT:MglÁehIy k*BitEmnç ebITukCa

CaedIm k*n&yenHEdr .

y¨agenaHk*eday RTBüTaMgGs´xagkñúgRkug k*eQμaHza eKmin:n

za;

rkSa

yknUvnimitþ

min:nRKb´RKgehIydEdl

eRBaHza

BYkecarcUleTAtam

TVarRkugehIy Kb|IeZVInUvGMeBI EdlBYkvaR:zñaenaH y¨agNamijç kalebIeTasTaMgLay eLIgkúñgCvncitþç k*CaTVar

manPaBénbuK<lRTusþsIlCaedIm

kalebIkarminrvaMgRby&tñenaHmanç

KWPik¡ú min:nRKb´RKgehIyç

eQμaHza

«®nÞiysMvrsIl

TaMgPvg< TaMgvizIcitþ man

Edlmankarev[rbg´

EdlkielsCab´tamCaedIm

nUvkarkan´

kñúgGarmμN¾TaMgLay

manrU:rmμN¾CaedIm Calk¡N; edayRbkardUecñHÉg . ‘GaCIv:risuTÆisIl’

ekIt

sUm|ITVar

sIlenH bNÐitKb|IRCab edayseg¡b

‘18’

«LÚvenH

Kb|IRCabvinicä&y

kñúgGaCIv:risuTÆisIl

Edl:neBalehIy kñúglMdab´én«®nÞiysMvrsIl dUcteTA .

.

Rtg´Baküza ²Pik¡úRbRBwtþknøgsik¡abTTaMg 6 EdlRBHPKv&t

Etza kalebIKuNTaMgLay mansIlCaedIm ekIteLIgehIy kñúg

RTg´bJ¦tþehIy eRBaHehtuénGaCIv; eRBaHdMeNIrénGaCIv;³ esckþI

CvncitþenaHç sUm|ITVar k*CaTVarKWPik¡úRKb´RKgehIy TaMgPvg< TaMg

za sik¡abTTaMg6 enaHÉNa EdlRBHPKv&tRtas´bJ¦tþy¨agdUecñH

vizIcitþ manGavC¢ncitþCaedIm KWPik¡úRKb´RKgehIy . eRb[bdUcCa

za ²Pik¡úNaR:zñalamk RtUvesckþIR:zña RKbsg,t´ehIy eBal

GVI/ . eRb[bdUcCakalebITVarRkugTaMgLay KWeKbiT:MglÁehIyç

GYtótþrimnusSZm( Edlminman‘kúñgxøÜn’minBit eRBaHehtuénGaCIv;

TITaMgLay

eRBaHdMeNIrénGaCIv;ç Pik¡úenaH RtUvGabtþi:raCikç Pik¡úNa dl´nUv

GavC¢ncitþCadIm

KW

Pik¡úmin:nRKb´RKgehIy

k*y¨agenaHEdr

manxagkñúgpÞHCaedIm sUm|IeKmin:nbiT:MglÁehIy eQμaHza

PaBCaGñkRtac´eTA kñúgcenøaHén®sþI nig burs ‘KWeZVICaemGeNþIk

kalebI

dwknaMoburs nig ®sþI:nKñaCabþIRbBnÆ’ eRBaHehtuénGaCIv; eRBaH

BYkecark*cUleTAmin:n

dMeNIrénGaCIv;ç Pik¡úenaH RtUvGabtþisg¹aTiessç Pik¡úNa R:b´

eLIy y¨agNamijç kalebIKuNTaMgLaymansIlCaedIm ekIt

ótþrimnusSZm( dl´buK<lNaza ²Pik¡úNa enAkñúgvtþrbs´Gñkç Pik¡ú

eLIgehIy kñúgCvncitþç

enaHCaRBHGrhnþ³ dUecñH eRBaHehtuénGaCIv; eRBaHdMeNIrénGaCIv;

k*BitEmn

TukCadUecñaHk*eday

KWeK:nrkSa

RTBüTaMgGs´kñúgRkug

:nRKb´RKglÁehIyTaMgRsugç

TVarRkugTaMgLay

EdleK:nbiTehIyç

eRBaHza

sUm|ITVar k*CaTVar KWPik¡úRKb´RKgehIyç

TaMgPvg< TaMgvizIcitþ manGavC¢ncitþCaedIm KWPik¡ú RKb´RKgehIy

kalebIbuK<lenaHeC]tamç

k*y¨agenaHEdr .

Pik¡úNa

énCvncitþ

eRBaHehtuenaH sMvr; sUm|IekIteLIg kñúgxN;

RBHPKv&tRtas´za ²karsRgYm kñúgck¡ú®nÞIy¾³ dUecñH .

minmanCmáW

Pik¡úGñkR:b´enaH

júaMgbuK<losUmePaCn

RtUvGabtþizuløc©&yç d*RbNIt

edIm|I

RbeyaCn¾ dl´xøÜnehIyqan´ eRBaHehtuénGaCIv; eRBaHdMeNIr én


visuTÆimK< ERb

49

50

sIlnieTÞs

GaCIv;ç Pik¡úenaH RtUvGabtþi:citþiy;ç Pik¡únINa minmanCmáW júaMg

vaca dUcCasmøsENþk:yç

buK<l osUmePaCn d*RbNIt edIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´xøÜn ehIyqan´

RKhsæÉNa rbs´Pik¡úGñkGaRs&ylaPç

eRBaHehtuénGaCIv;

CaGñkR:zñalamk RtUvesckþIR:zñaRKbsg,t´ehIyç enH ehAza

eRBaHdMeNIrénGaCIv;ç

Pik¡únIenaH

RtUvGabtþi-

PaBénPik¡úCaGñkbI-B ‘Tark’ én

:dieTsnIy;ç Pik¡úNa minmanCmáÅ eRbIeKosUmsmøkþI :ykþI

lbna ‘karkuhkedayvaca’ .

edIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´xøÜn ehIyqan´ eRBaHehtuénGaCIv; eRBaHdMeNIr

bNþa:bZm(TaMgenaH

énGaCIv;ç

Pik¡úenaH RtUvGabtþiTuk,d³ dUecñHç

enHCakiriyaev[rcak

karciJ©wmCIvitxus EdlRbRBwtþeTA edayGMNacénsik¡abTTaMg 6 enH . kñúgBaküTaMgLay manBaküza ²kuhna³ CaedIm man:lI dUcteTAenH ; kñúg:bZm(TaMgenaH kuhna etIdUcemþc/ . kartaMgRbugeRb[b kartaMg kartaMgRBmnUv«riyabzÉNa karRsgUtRsgat´ PaBén karRsgUtRsgat´

karbMPan´

karjúaMgTaykoPan´PaMg

PaBén

kareZVITaykoPan´PaMgNa edayviZIkuhk eBalKWkaresBbc©&y kþI edaykiriyaxSwbexS{v kñúgTICitkþI rbs´Pik¡úGñkGaRs&ynUvlaPç sk,ar; nig ekri¾þeQμaH CaGñkR:zñad*lamk CaGñkRtUvesckþIR:zña RKbsg,t´ehIyç enH elakehAza kuhna ‘karkuhkedayb\k’ . bNþa:bZm(TaMgenaH

lbna etIdUcemþc/ . karbegÁancUl

mkeBalcMeBaHCndéTç kareBalrYsrayç kareBaloeKTukcitþç kareBalelIkç

kareBalelIkedaycMENkRKb´y¨agç

kareBal

cgeCIgkñúgxagelIçkareBalcgeCIgkñúgxagelIer]y>ç karniyay beJ¢arç

karniyaybeJ¢arer]y>ç

PaBénPik¡ú

GñkmankareBal

cak´beNþayç PaBénPik¡úCaGñkRbRBwtþbnÞabxøÜnç

PaBénPikú¡Gñkman

enmitþikta

sk,ar; nig ekrþi¾eQμaH

etIdUcemþc/

.

kiriya

sm<al´ç GMeBIénkarsm<al´ç kareBalbJäitbeJä{gç GMeBIénkar eBalbJäitbeJä{gç

karxSwbexS{v

kúñgTICitç

kareBaledjeCIg

Na> cMeBaHBYkCndéT rbs´Pik¡úGñkGaRs&ynUvlaPç sk,ar; nig ekri¾þeQμaH

CaGñkR:zñalamk

enHehAza

enmitþikta

RtUvesckþIR:zñaRKbsg,t´ehIyç

‘PaBCaGñkeRbIó:ykl

edaykayxøH

edayvacaxøH’ . bNþa:bZm(TaMgenaH

nieb|sikta etIdUcemþc/ .

kareCr

RbeTcç karemIlgayç kartiHed[lç kareBalelIkç kareBal elIksBVRKb´ç

kareBalcMGkoç

kareBalcMGkoxøaMg>ç

kar

júaMgTaykodl´ç karjúaMgTaykodl´RBmç karnaMmknUveTasç PaBénkareBalBakü

kúñgTIkM:Mg

dUcCakarsIusac´xñg

rbs´Cn

déTNa >

cMeBaHBYkCndéT énPik¡úGñkGaRs&ylaPç sk,ar; nig

ekrþi¾eQμaH

CaGñkR:zñalamk

RtUvesckþIR:zñaRKbsg,t´ehIyç

enHehAza nieb|sikta ‘PaBCaGñkeRbIsMdICaexñas sRmab´ekas yklaP’ . bNþa:bZm(TaMgenaH etIdUcemþc/ .

PaBénkarEsVgrklaP

edaylaP

Pik¡úCaGñkGaRs&ylaPç sk,ar; nig ekrþi¾eQμaH Ca


visuTÆimK< ERb GñkmanesckþIR:zñalamk

51

RtUvesckþIR:zñaRKbsg,t´ehIy

naM

52

sIlnieTÞs

RtLb´CaRbEkkeTAvij

eRBaHGaRs&ynUvPav;énxøÜn

CaGñkR:zña

ykGamisEdlxøÜn:nehIy GMBIpÞHenHeTAkúñgpÞHÉeNaH ß naMyk

lamkpg edaykardwgnUvBYkKhbtITaMgenaH CaGñkmansTÆa taMg

GamisEdlxøÜn:nehIy

karEsVg

enAs)b´lÁ cMeBaHxøÜnehIy kalebIBYkKhbtITaMgenaH eBalTTUc

karsVHEsVgnUv

za ²elakm©as´ CaGñkR:zñaticGVIemø¨HeT minRtUvkarTTYlGVI> esaH

Gamis edayGamisEbbenHNa>ç karEsVgrkenH elakehAza

eLIyç buNüKWBYkeyIg:n edaygayNas´hñ@ Kb|Imandl´BYk

PaBénkarEsVgrklaP edaylaP ‘1’ .

eyIg ebIelakm©as´enHTTYlvtæúGVI> sUm|IbnþicbnþÜc³ dUecñHehIy

KWkarEsVgrkç

GMBIpÞHÉeNaH

karEsVgrker]y>ç

eTAkñúgpÞHenHç

karEsVgsVHç

k*bNÐitKb|IRCabesckþIén:lIenH dUcteTAenH

k*begÁancUleTA

‘kuhnanieTÞs’ ‘19’ Kb|IRCabvinicä&y kñúgkuhnanieTÞs Camunsin . bTza

²laPsk,arsielaksnñisSitsS³ esckþIza GñkR:zña KWRtUvkar laPpg sk,ar;pg ekrþi¾eQμaHpg . R:zñasEmþgKuNEdlminman .

bTza ²:bicäsS³ KWCaGñk

bTza ²«cäabktsS³ KW RtUv

kuhnvtæú 3 y¨ag mkehIy kúñgmhanieTÞs eday

GMNackaresBnUvbc©&yç karxSwbexS{v kñúgTICit nig GaRs&y «riyabz eRBaHehtuNaç eRBaHehtuenaH edIm|IsEmþgnUvkuhnvtæú 3 y¨agenaH

bnÞab´GMBIenHmk eTIbelakR:rBÆBakümanCaGaTi¾ za

²bc©yb|diesvnsg¡aetn³ dUecñH . bNþakuhnvtæúTaMg 3 y¨agenaH karjúaMgTayk oCab´citþ edaykar- kalebITayknimnþehIy edaybc©&yTaMgLay man cIvrbc©&yCaedIm ‘xøÜn’ CaGñkRtUvkar edaybc©&yenaH Bit> 1-

GPiÇ

viÇ

PaKTI 82 TMB&rTI 159 .

bu¨Enþ

mancIvrCaedIm

d*RbNIt>

edayó:yviZIepSg> eT[t ‘Pik¡úenaH’ eZVIoR:kdnUvPaBdUcCacg´ oTayk GnueRKaHxøÜneKEtb¨ueNÑaHehIy TTYlpg CaehtubegÁan cUlmk ‘nUvbc©&y’ edaypÞúkTaMgreTH> cab´epþImtaMgBIkarRbEkk enaHmk bNÐit Kb|IRCab za ²Caer]gkuhk eBalKWkaresB nUv bc©&y³ .

esckþIR:zñaRKbsg,t´ehIyç GZib|yaza; RtUvesckþIRbTUsþeb[t eb[nehIy .

nUvbc©&yTaMgLay

dUcCaelakeBalehIy kñúgmhanieTÞsza ²kuhnvtæú eBal KWkaresBbc©&y etIdUcemþc/ .

KhbtITaMgLay kñúgelakenH

nimnþPik¡ú edaycIvrç biNÐ:tç esnasn;ç KilanePsC¢bc©&y nig brik¡arTaMgLayç R:zñaRKbsg,t´ehIy

Pik¡úenaH ‘1’

CaGñkR:zñalamk RtUvesckþI

CaGñkmanesckþIRtUvkaredaycIvr

.l.

RbEkkbdiesZ nUvcIvr RbEkkbdiesZ nUvbiNÐ:tç esnasn;ç KilanePsC¢bc©&y

nig

brik¡arTaMgLay

eRBaHGaRs&yPaBén

esckþIcg´:nnUvcIvrç biNÐ:tç esnasn;ç KilanePsC¢bc©&y nig

brik¡arTaMgLay

1-

suÇ

xuÇ mÇ

o:nrwtEteRcIneLIg>ç

PaKTI 66 TMB&rTI 249 .

Pik¡úenaH

eBal


visuTÆimK< ERb y¨agenHza

²nwgmanRbeyaCn¾GVI

edaycIvr

53 EdlmantémøeRcIn

54

sIlnieTÞs

eRcIn eRBaHeTyüZm(manenA kñúgTIcMeBaHmux .l. kulbuRtGñk

dl´smN;ç smN; Kb|IeRCIserIsyknUvsMBt´EdleKecal

mansTÆa

ehIy GMBIéRBsμsankþI GMBIKMnrsRmamkþI GMBIranpSarkþI ehIyeZVI

manenAcMeBaHmuxç GñkTaMgLay mansTÆaenH BitEmnpg eTyü-

Casg¹adIRTRTg´‘RKg’ eRBaHehtuNaç eRBaHehtuenaH Cakarsm

Zm( k*manRBmKñapg bdiK<ahk; KWGatμa k*manpg ebIGatμa nwg

KYrç RbeyaCn¾GVI edaybiNÐ:tEdlmantémøeRcIn dl´smN;ç

minTTYleTç

smN; Kb|IciJ©wmCIvit edayBMnUt:yEdlxøÜn:nmk edaykar

buNüç GatμaPaB minRtUvkaredayeTyüZm(enHeTç Etza GatμaPaB

EsVgrk edayehtuNaç

RbeyaCn¾GVI

TTYl edaysarEtkarGnueRKaHdl´GñkTaMgLayEtbu¨eNÑaH³ dUecñH

edayesnasn; EdlmantémøeRcIn dl´smN;ç smN; Kb|I

eRBaHGaRs&yehtuenaH Pik¡úenaH eTIbTTYlnUvcIvry¨ageRcIn TTYl

CaGñkenAeT[bKl´eQI ß enAkúñgTIval ehtuNaç ehtuenaH Ca

biNÐ:tç

karKYrç RbeyaCn¾GVI edayKilanbc©&y nig ePsC¢brik¡ar Edl

RsgUtRsgat´ç

mantémøeRcIn dl´smN;ç smN; Kb|IeZVIOsz edayTwkmURt

karjúaMgTayk oPan´PaMgç karbMPan´Tayk mansPaBEbbenH

sÁúy ß edaylMGiténEpøsm¨ edayehtuNaç ehtuenaH Cakar

ÉNaç Gakb|kiriyaEbbenH elakehAza

smKYr³ eRBaHGaRs&ynUvehtuenaH Pik¡úenaH RKgnUvcIvrEdlesA

esBnUvbc©&y³ .

ehtuenaH

CakarsmKYrç

rEmg:nbuNüeRcIn

kalebIdUecñaH

esnasn;ç

eRBaHTk¡ieNyübuK<lTaMgLay

GñkTaMgLay nwgenAeRkARsLHcak

ePsC¢brik¡ar

y¨ageRcIn>ç

karmaneZVImuxRsgUtRsgat´ç

karmanmux

karkuhkedayb\kç

²kuhnvtæú eBalKWkar

hμg qan´biNÐ:td*esAhμg eRbIR:s´esnasn;RTuDeRTam esB

cMENkkareZVIoTaykPan´PaMg edayRbkarenaH> edayvaca

Kilanbc©&y nig ePsC¢brik¡ard*esAhμgç KhbtITaMgLay s<al´

CaehtusEmþg nUvkar:nseRmcótþrimnusSZm( rbs´Pik¡úGñkR:zña

Pik¡únu@HÉg y¨agenHza ²smN;enH CaGñkR:zñatic senþas sáb´

lamkenaHÉg bNÐit Kb|IRCabza ²Caer]gkuhk eBalKWkarxSwb

sáat´ minRcbUkRcbl´edayKN; manesckþIBüayamR:rBÆehIy

exS{v kñúgTICit³ dUecñH .

CaGñkeBalnUvZm(CaeRK]gkMcat´bg´kiels³ dUecñH Etgnimnþeday

vtæúTaMgenaH er]gkuhk eBalKWkarxSwbexS{vkñúgTICit etIdUcemþc/ .

cIvr .l. brik¡arTaMgLayeRcIneLIg>ç Pik¡úenaH eBaly¨agenHza

Pik¡úBYkxøH kñúgsasnaenH CaGñkR:zñalamk RtUvesckþIR:zñaRKb

²kulbuRt mansTÆa rEmg:nnUvbuNüd*eRcIn eRBaHPav;énvtæúTaMg

sg,t´ehIy

3 manenAcMeBaHmuxç kulbuRt GñkmansTÆa rEmg:nbuNüeRcIn

edayGriyZm( edayKitza ²kalebIGatμaGjeZVIy¨agenHç Cnnwg

eRBaHsTÆamanenAcMeBaHmuxç kulbuRt GñkmansTÆa rEmg:nbuNü

sresIrGatμaGj³ dUecñH eBalza ²Pik¡úNa RTRTg´nUvcIvrEbbenHç

smdUcCaRBHGdðkzacarüeBal za ²kñúg

manbMNgedIm|IoeKsresIr

eBalvacaEdlRbkb


visuTÆimK< ERb

55

56

sIlnieTÞs

Pik¡úenaH CasmN;mans&kþiZM³ eBalza ²Pik¡úNa eRbIR:s´:Rtç

smdUcRBHPKv&t RTg´Rtas´za ²kuhnvtæú eBalKW«riyabz etIdUc

PaCn¾elah;ç ZmμRkkç tRmgç kUnesaç kayB&nn¾ç Es|keCIg

emþc/ . Pik¡úBYkxøH kúñgsasnaenH CaGñkR:zñalamk RtUvesckþI

mansPaBEbbenHç Pik¡úenaH CasmN;mans&kþiZM³ dUecñH eBalza

R:zñaRKbsg,t´ehIy manbMNgcg´oeKsresIr Kitza ²Cnnwg

²RBHóbCÄay¾ç Gacarüç Pik¡ú manóbCÄay¾esμIKñaç Pik¡ú manGacarü

sresIrGatμaGj y¨agenH³ dUecñHehIy k*xitxMp©itp©g´dMeNIr er[b

esμIKñaç

cMCMhr bg<úy dMeNk s®gYmedIreTA s®gYmQrenA s®gYmGg<úy

Pik¡úCamiRtç

mþgmYykalç

Pik¡úCamiRt

Pik¡úCasmøaj´

Zøab´eXIjç

Pik¡úCamiRtZøab´CYbKña

mansPaBEbbenH>

rbs´Pik¡úNaç

s®gYmseRmckarsig eZVIhak´bIdUcCaedIreZVIsmaZi dUcCaeZVIsmaZi

R:saT

Qr dUcCaGg<úyeZVIsmaZi eZVIdUcCacUlsmaZisigç mYyeT[t Ca

rlIgç Kuhaç rUgç kudiç pÞHkMBUlç b¨mç eragç Ezvç óbdðansalaç

GñkeZVIdUcCacUlQanoCneKeXIj kartaMg RbugeRb[b kartm,l´

mNÐbç eT[bKl´eQI mansPaBEbbenH>ç Pik¡úenaH CaGñkman

karer[bcMnUv«riyabz karmanmuxRsgUtRsgat´ PaBénPik¡úmanmux

mYyeT[t Pik¡úenaH manGakar;KYroex¬IméRkeBk

RsgUtRsgat´ karkuhkedayb\k karjúaMgTaykoPan´PaMg PaB

Pik¡úNa

enAkúñgvtþç

s&kþiZM³ dUecñHç

enAkñúgR:saTEvgç

mansPaBCaGñkmanmux

R:saTmUlç

RsgUtRsgat´éRkeBk

CaGñkkuhkéRk

eBk CaGñkniyayRcMEdl> esñICYsmuxxøÜnÉg sEmþgnUvkza d* RCaleRCAç kM:Mgç lÁitç CaTIbiT:Mg EdlRbkbedayelakutþrZm( nig suJ¦ta mansPaBEbbenaH za ²smN;rUbenH man RbRktI:nnUvviharsmabtþiTaMgLayenH dUecñHç

karmanmuxRsgUtRsgat´

karkuhkedayb\k TaykPan´PaMg

mansPaBEbbenH>³

PaBénPik¡úmanmuxRsgUtRsgat´

karjúaMgTaykoPan´PaMg

mansPaBEbbenHNa>ç

PaBénPik¡ú

eZVIo

Gakb|kiriyaEbbenH

elakehAza ²er]gkuhk eBalKWkarxSwbexS{v kñúgTICit³ . cMENkkarjúaMgTaykoPan´PaMg eday«riyabz Edl‘xøÜn’ eZVIehIyedIm|IoeKsresIr enaHÉg

Kb|IRCabza

rbs´Pik¡úGñkmanesckþIR:zñalamk

²er]gkuhkGaRs&y eday«riyabz³ .

énPik¡úeZVIoTaykPan´PaMgNa>ç

GMeBITaMgGs´enH

elakehAza

²er]gkuhk Tak´Tgnwgkarer[bcM«riyabz³ . kñúg:lIénkuhnvtæúenaH

bTza

²eBalKWkaresBnUvbc©&y³

esckþIza; ‘edaykuhnvtæú’ EdlbNÐitrab´bJ©ÚlRBmehIy y¨ag enHza ²karesBnUvbc©&y³ dUecñH ßza edaykaresBnUvbc©&yEdl bNÐit eBalehIy .

bTza ²edaykarxSwbexS{vkñúgTICit³ :n

dl´ edaykarniyaykúñgTICit . dl´ én«riyabzTaMg 4 . eRb[bedayeGIeBI

bTza ²«riyabzsS va³ :n

karRbugeRb[b taMgBIedIm ß karRbug

eQμaHza Gdðbna .

Gakar;énkarRbugeRb[b

eQμaHza fbna . karcat´Ecg manBaküGZib|ayza kareZVInUvPav; énesckþIBüayam RbkbedayesckþIRCHzøa eQμaHza sNðbna . kareZVImuxCUr manBaküGZib|ayza

kareZVImuxRsgUtRsgat´ eday


visuTÆimK< ERb

57

58

sIlnieTÞs

sEmþgnUvPav;énxøÜnCaGñkmanesckþIBüayam y¨agtwgrwg eQμaHza

mhanavikç mhaTanbtI³ eQμaHza óløbna ‘niyayelIkeK’ .

Pakudika .

kareZVImuxCUr CaRbRktIrbs´Pik¡úenaH eRBaHehtuenaH

karniyayeZVIoeKx¬s´eLIgedayRKb´sBV eQμaHza smuløbna .

Pik¡úenaH eQμaHza GñkmankareZVImuxCUrCaRbRktI . Pav;énPikú¡Gñk

manBaküGZib|ayza karniyaycg KW niyaysg¡újxøaMgy¨agenH

mankareZVImuxCUrCaRbRktI

Pav;CaGñkmankareZVImuxCUr

za ²mñaló:sk nig ó:sikaTaMgLay enAeBlmun kñúgevla

CaRbRktI . karjúaMgTaykoPan´PaMg eQμaHza kuhna . kar

dUecñH BYkGñkTaMgLayEtgoTanzμIç «LÚvenH BYkGñkminoeTß/³

kuhayna . Pav;énbuK<lGñkman

dUecñH rhUtTal´EtBYkTayk TTYlBaküza ²bBiRtelakm©as´ d*

RbRBwtþie:kR:s

eQμaHza

eQμaHza

cMerIn

karRbRBwtþie:kR:s eQμaHza kuhittþM .

eyIgTaMgLaynwgRbeKnç

Okas³ dUecñHCaedIm

‘lbnanieTÞs’ ‘20’ Kb|IRCabesckþIvinic©&y kñúglbnanieTÞsdUcteTAenH .

eT[t

EteyIgTaMgLay

BMuTan´:nnUv

eQμaHza ónñha ‘niyaycgTuk’ .

mYy

Pik¡ú eXIjó:skkan´GMeBA k*sYrza ²Enó:sk Gñkyk

karEdlPik¡úeXIjmnusSTaMgLaymkkan´vtþehIy niyayrYsray

GMeBABINamk/³ . ó:skTUlza ²bBiRtelakm©as´d*cMerIn yk

muunPøam y¨agenH za ²mñalGñkTaMgLay GñkTaMgLaymkehIy

GMBIcMkarGMeBA³ .

edIm|IRbeyaCn¾GVI/ mkedIm|InimnþPik¡úTaMgLayß/ zaebImankic©kar

EpÁmß/³ .

y¨agenHç GñkTaMgLaycUreTAcuH Gatμa nwgnaMPik¡úTaMgLayeTA tam

m©as´qan´eTIbdwg³ .

eRkay³ dUecñH eQμaHza lbna .

Lay karniyayR:b´za GñkTaMgLay cUronUvGMeBAdUecñH min

ehIyniyayrYsray

mYyeT[t karEdlPik¡úGYtxøÜn

begÁancUlmkkan´xøÜn

y¨agenHza

²Gatμa

eQμaHtisS;ç RBHraCa RTg´RCHzøacMeBaHGatμaç mhamatü rbs´RBH raCa ÉeNaHpg> RCHzøacMeBaHGatμa³ dUecñH eQμaHza Galbna .

Pik¡ú sYrza ²GMeBA kúñgcMkarenaH manrsCat

ó:skTUlza ²bBiRtelakm©as´d*cMerIn luHEtelak

smKYrdl´Pik¡úeT³ . sarEbbenHÉNaç

Pik¡úeBalza ²mñaló:sk nigó:sikaTaMg

vacaniyaycgeCIg rbs´Pik¡úGñkniyayedaH vacaEdlniyaycgeCIgEbbenaH

eQμaHza

ónñhna . karniyaycgeCIgehIycgeT[tedaycMENksBVRKb´

karEdlPik¡úRtUvTayksYrehIy eBalrYsray manRbkardUc:n

eQμaHza smunñhna .

eBalehIyn@uHÉg eQμaHza lbna .

elIk y¨agenHza ²RtkUlenaH s<al´Gatμac|as´Nas´ ebIeTyü-

karEdlKhbtITaMgLay

karEdlPik¡úP&yxøac kñúg

nwgekIten]yNayehIy

niyayrYs

Zm( ekIteLIg kñúgTIenaH RtkUlenaH nwgRbeKndl´Gatμaminxan³

ray ebIkOkaso edayRbéB eQμaHza sløbna ‘niyayyk

dUecñH

citþeK’ .

cgÁúlR:b´ .

karniyayeZVIoeKx¬s´eLIg y¨agenHza ²mhakudum¬Ik¾ç

bTza ²ók,abna³ esckþIza karniyay

eQμaHza

ók,abna . manBaküGZib|ayza CaGñkniyay

kñúgbTza ²ók,abna³ enH bNÐitKb|IeBaler]gnag


visuTÆimK< ERb etlknÞrika .

59

cMENkkarniyaybeJ¢arer]y> edaycMENk

sBVRKb´ eQμaHza smuk,abna .

karminrmilemIlnUvBaküsm

60

sIlnieTÞs

²GñkTaMgLay:nxaTnIy;ß/³ dUecñHCaedIm eQμaHza nimitþkmμ . karniyayRbkbRBmedaybc©&y

eQμaHza OPaesa ‘karniyay

KYrdl´esckþIBitRtg´ ß smKYrdl´Zm(ehIy niyayer]y> eZVI

bJäitbeJä{g’ . karEdlPik¡úeXIjBYkekμgXValkUneKaehIy sYr

oeKRsLaj´Etb¨ueNÑaH eQμaHza PaBénPik¡úGñkeBalnUvBakücak´

za ²kUneKaTaMgenH CakUneKae¶TwkedaHRss´ ß ßza CakUneKa

beNþay .

karRbRBwtþibnÞabxøÜn karRbRBwtþitm,l´xøÜn xageRkam>

eQμaHza PaBénPik¡úGñkRbRBwtþbnÞabxøÜn . PaBénPik¡úGñkmanvaca esμI edaysmøsENþk:y eQμaHza

muK<sUbta . eRb[bdUcCa

e¶xøaj´/³ dUecñHç kalebIBYkekμgTaMgenaH eBalza ²bBiRtelak m©as´

kUneKae¶TwkedaHRss´³

dUecñHç ehIyk*eZVInUvOPas eday

n&yCaGaTi¾ y¨agenHza ²kUneKaTaMgenH minEmnCakUneKae¶TwkedaH

sENþk:yEdlbuK<lcMGinç sENþk:yxøHminqÁineTç EtEdl

Rss´eTç ebIsinCakUneKaTaMgLay e¶TwkedaHRss´EmnenaHç BYk

esssl´qÁin y¨agNa kñúgBakürbs´buK<lNa BaküBit man

Pik¡ú Kb|I:nTwkedaHRss´xøH³ rhUtdl´BYkekμgTaMgenaH eTAR:b´

RtwmEtbnþicbnþÜcb¨ueNÑaHÉg .

dl´matabita oRbeKnTwkedaHRss´ ‘dl´xøÜn’ CaedIm eQμaHza

y¨agenaHEdrç

Baküd*ess CaBaküeLHeLaH k*

buK<lenH elakoeQμaHza buK<leRb[bdUcCasmø

sENþk:y .

Pav;énbuK<ldUcCasmøsENþk:yenaH eQμaH

za muK<sUbta .

PaBénPik¡úCaGñkbI-B nUvTark énRtkUl eQμaH

za :riPdüta .

GZib|ayza; k*Pik¡úrUbNa bI-B KWRTRTg´nUvTark

kñúgRtkUl edayceg,HkþI eday-k kþI dUcCaemnMç GMeBIénkarbI-B rbs´Pik¡úenaH eQμaHza :riPdüM .

Pav;énPik¡úCaGñkbI-B nUvTark

kñúgRtkUl eQμaHza :riPdüta y¨agdUecñHÉg .

OPaskmμ . karniyayxSwbexS{veZVICit> eQμaHza karxSwbexS{v kúñgTICit . Éer]gPik¡úCaCItun bNÐitKb|IsEmþgkñúgbTenH . :n»mkza

Pik¡úGñkcUleTAkan´RtkUl

eTAkan´pÞHehIyKg´ .

RtUvkarqan´

k*cUl

RsIempÞHeXIjPik¡úenaHehIy mincg´RbeKn

k*eBalza ²Gg,rKμaneT³ dUecñHehIy eZVIdUcCacg´naMykGg,rmk k* edIreTAkan´pÞHGñkEdlsñiTÆsñalKña .

Pik¡ú cUleTA kñúgbnÞb´ehIy

RkeLkemIleXIj nUvGMeBAenAEk|rsnÞHTVar eXIjs,rGMeBA kñúg

‘enmitþiktanieTÞs’

PaCn¾

‘21’ Kb|IRCabesckþIGZib|ay kñúgenmitþiktanieTÞs teTA .

eXIjRtIeg[tTaMgLay

kñúgkERJ©g

eXIjGg,r

kúñgqñaMg

eXIjxøaj´kúñgkÁm k*ecjmkGg<úy . RsIempÞHRtLb´mkvijR:b´

kaykmμ nig vcIkmμNamYy EdljúaMgesckþIsm<al´ kñúgkaro

za²nagx\úMmin:nGg,reT³ .

bc©&y‘dl´xøÜn’ oekItdl´CndéT eQμaHza nimitþ .

karEdlPikú¡

eXIjnimitþCamuneRscehIy dwgza ²ézáenH Pik¡anwgminsMerceT³

eXIjBYkTaykkan´xaTnIy;ehIy edIreTA eZVInimitþ

edayn&yza

dUecñH .

Pik¡úeBalza; mñaló:sika Gatμa:n

RsIempÞHsYrza ²nimitþ dUcemþceTA elakm©as´/³ .

Pikú¡


visuTÆimK< ERb

61

62

sIlnieTÞs

eBalza; Gatμa:neXIjBs´ dUcCaGMeBAEdlnagTukehIy enA

eBalelIk y¨agdUecñHza ²Ohñ@ elakTanbtI³ dUecñH eQμaHza

Ek|rsnÞHTVarç GatμakalRkeLkemIl edayKitza ²Gatμanwgvay

óek¡bna . karniyayelIk edayRbéB y¨agenHza ²Ohñ@ elak

Bs´enaH³ dUecñH k*:neXIjBBardUcCaRtIeg[t EdlnagTukehIy

mhaTanbtI³ eQμaHza smuek¡bna .

kúñgkERJ©gEdlBs´enaH RtUvGatμavayehIyedaydMuzμ nig dMudI dUc

²CIvit rbs´GñkbriePaKBUCenH etIdUcemþceTA/³ eQμaHza xibna .

CaduMs,rGMeBAEdlnagTukehIy kúñgPaCn¾eZVIehIy :neXIjeZμj énBs´enaH Edlcg´cwkdMudIenaH dUcCaGg,rEdlenA kñúgqñaMgç :n eXIjTwkmat´layedayBis

EdlecjGMBImat´

rbs´Bs´enaH

EdlxwgehIy R:kddUcCaxøaj´ EdlnagTukdak´ehIy kúñgkÁm³ . RsIempÞH Kitza ²Gj minGacbeJäatsmN;RtegalenH:neT³ dUecñH k*RbeKnGMeBA daM:y :nRbeKnehIy RBmTaMgxøaj´ç s,r GMeBA nig RtI y¨agdUecñHÉg .

karxSwbexS{veZVIsMeLg kñúgTICit

y¨agenH Kb|IRCabza ²karxSwbexS{vkúñgTICit³ dUecñH . karniyay RtLb´RtLin eZVIy¨agNa oEt:nnUvbc©&y eQμaHza brikza .

‘22’

Kb|IRCabvinicä&y

kñúgnieb|siktanieTÞs

dUcteTA

kareCr edayeCr 10 y¨ag eQμaHza Gekasna . RKbsg,t´

eQμaHza

vmÖna .

Krhna .

.

karniyay

karelIkeLIgnUveTas edayn&y

za ²GñkenH CaGñkminmansTÆa minRCHzøa³ dUecñHCaedIm

eQμaHza

kareBalelIk edayvacaza ²GñkTaMgLay kMuniyay

y¨agenH kñúgRtkUlenH³ eQμaHza óek¡bna .

karniyaycMGkxøaMg> edayviess y¨agenHza ²CnNa onUv Baküza; minmandl´BYkCnTaMgBYg Gs´kalCanic©ç GñkTaMgLay eBalnUvCnenaH za; minEmnCaTayk y¨agdUcemþcekIt³ eQμaHza

sg¡ibna .

karjúaMgTayk odl´nUvPaBminEmnCaTayk ß o

xUcekrþi¾eQμaH eQμaHza :bna .

karjúaMgTayk odl´eday

cMENksBVRKb´ eQμaHza sm|abna .

karnaMeTas GMBIpÞHeTA

kan´pÞH GMBIRsukeTAkan´Rsuk GMBICnbTeTAkan´CnbT edayKit za ²buK<lenH nwgoTandl´GatμaGj eRBaHP&yGMBIeTas y¨ag enH³ eQμaHza GvNÑharika .

‘nieb|siktanieTÞs’

karniyaycMGky¨agenHza

mux ehIyeBaleTas eRBaHvacan@uH

kareBalBaküBIeraH kúñgTIcMeBaH

kñúgTIkM:Mgmux

CavacaeRb[bdUcCa

eQμaHza brbidðimMsikta .

kalebIbuK<lminGac

edIm|Inwg

RkeLkemIlocMmux:n TMBasIunUvsac´xñg rbs´CnTaMgLay kñúg TIkM:Mgmux

eRBaHehtuenaH

eTIbRBHmanRBHPaK

RTg´Rtas´za

²brbidðimMsikta³ . Baküza ²GyM vuc©ti nieb|sikta³ esckþIza vacaenHkin KWCUtnUvKuNrbs´CndéT dUcCabuK<lCUtnUvxøaj´eday

karniyayelIk

bnÞHb\sSI eRBaHehtuNaç eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´

edayvaca eZVIoRbkbedayvtæú edayehtu edaycMENksBVRKb´

Rtas´ehAza eQμaHza ²nieb|sikta³ dUecñHç mü¨agvijeT[t vaca

eQμaHza smuek¡bna .

mü¨ageT[t kareXIjTayk minoehIy

n@uH CavacakinkMeTc

KWlMGitnUvKuN rbs´CndéT EsVgrknUvlaP


visuTÆimK< ERb eRb[bdUcCabuK<l

kinKnÆCatehIy

63

EsVgrknUvkøin

y¨agdUecñaH

64

sIlnieTÞs

ciJ©wmCIvit edaykarciJ©wmCIvitxus edaytircäanviC¢a mansPaB

eRBaHehtuNaç eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbRBHmanRBHPaK Rtas´ehAza

EbbenH .

eQμaHza ²nieb|sikta³ dUecñHÉg .

TaynUvnimitþç

‘laePn laPM niC¢iKwsntanieTÞs’ ‘23’ Kb|IRCabGtæaZib|ay

kñúgnieTÞs

énkarEsVgrklaP

bTza ²GmuRt³

KWkñúgpÞH

esckþIR:zña eQμaHza Édði . karEsVgrk eQμaHza

ÉeNaH .

karTaynUvót|at

TaynUvsubinç

edaylaP dUcteTA . karEsVgrk eQμaHza niC¢iKwsnta . bTza

²«eta lTÆM³ KW:nehIyGMBIpÞHenH .

tircäanviC¢aenH KWGVIxøH/ .

Kevdði . karEsVgrker]y> eQμaHza brieydði . k*kñúgnieTÞsenH

karTaylk¡N;ç

KW karTayGvyv;ç kar

‘karZøak´cuHkñúgehtuZM>’ç

kar

karTaysMBt´EdlRtUvkNþúr

kat´ç karbUCaePøIgç karbUCaEvk³ dUecñHCaedImpg . karciJ©wmCIvitxus

EdlRbRBwtþeTA

RbRBwtþielμIssik¡abTTaMg 6

edayGMNacénkiriya

EdlRBHd*manRBHPaK

RTg´bJ¦tþ

ehIy eRBaHGaCIv;Caehtu TaMgenHkþI edayGMNacén:bZm(TaMg LaymanCaGaTi¾

y¨agdUecñH

KW kuhnaç

lbnaç

enmitþiktaç

bNÐitKb|IsEmþger]gPik¡ú GñkoPik¡aEdlxøÜn:nehIy> taMgEtBI

nieb|siktaç laePn laPM niC¢iKwsnta TaMgenHkþI ÉNaç karev[r

edImmk dl´BYkTark kúñgRtkUl kñúgpÞHenaH> luH:nbbrlay

cakmicäaCIv; manRbkarRKb´y¨ag ÉNaç

TwkedaHRss´ehIyeTA .

BaküTaMgLay manBaküza ²Ésna³

CaedIm CaBaküpøas´bþÚrKña énBaküTaMgLay manBaküza Édði Ca edImenHÉg . TaMgenHza;

eRBaHehtuenaH bNÐit Kb|IRCabkarRbkb kñúgbT

bTza

Édði KW Ésnaç

bTza

Kevdði KW Kevsnaç

bTza brieydði KW brieysna y¨agenHÉg .

enH KWCaesckþI

karev[rcakkiriya ciJ©wm

CIvitxusenH eQμaHza GaCIv:risuTÆisIl y¨agenHÉg . esckþIénBakü kñúgGaCIv:risuTÆisIlenaH mandUcteTAenH . CnTaMgLay GaRs&ynUvsPaBenH rs´enA ehtuenaH sPaBenaH eQμaHza GaCIv; . sPaBenaHKWGVI/ . sPaBenaHKÅesckþIBüayam kñúgkarEsVgrknUvbc©&y .

esckþIbrisuTÆi eQμaHza :risuTÆi .

esckþIbrisuTÆiénGaCIv; eQμaHza GaCIv:risuTÆi .

GZib|ayén:bZm(TaMgLay mankuhna CaedIm .

²ÉvmaTInJ© :bZmμanM³ dUecñH

‘25’ Ébc©ysnñisSitsIl EdlRBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´

bNÐit Kb|IRCabkarkan´yk nUv:bZm(TaMgLayd*eRcIn EdlRBH

ehIy kúñglMdab´énGaCIv:risuTÆisIlenaHÉNaç bNÐit Kb|IRCab

d*manRBHPaK

GtæaZib|ay kúñgbc©ysnñisSitsIlenaH

‘24’

«LÚvenH

kñúgbTza

RTg´Rtas´ehIy

kñúgRBhμCalsURt

edayn&yza

²mü¨ageT[t dUcCaBYksmNRBahμN¾d*cMerIn BYkxøH qan´nUvePaCn EdlTaykoehIy

edaysTÆaç smNRBahμN¾TaMgLayenaH

dUcteTAenH .

Baküza ²BicarNaedayó:y³ esckþIza BicarNa KW dwg eXIjc|as´ edayó:y KWeday‘RtUv’pøÚv .

k*karBicarNaEdl


visuTÆimK< ERb

65

66

sIlnieTÞs

RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ehIy edayn&yza ²edIm|IkarBar nUv

za DMs; .

RtCak´³ dUecñHCaedIm Kb|IRCabza ²BicarNa edayó:y³ kñúg

Edr . mUsn@uHÉg eQμaHza mks; . xül´TaMgLayepSgeday

bc©ysnñisSitsIlenH .

bNþabTTaMgenaH bTza ²cIvr³ :n

dl´ brik¡arTaMgLay mans|g´CaedIm brik¡arNamYy . bTza

²esB³ :ndl´eRbIR:s´ KWesø{k ß XøMú .

Baküza ²yaveTv³

CaBaküniymkarkMNt´ nUvextþEdnénRbeyaCn¾ .

EmnBit kñúg

kiriyaesBnUvcIvr rbs´RBHeyaKImanRbmaNb¨ueNÑHÉgç enHKWGVI/ RbeyaCn¾za

²edIm|IkarBar nUvRtCak´³

dUecñHCaedIm

minEmnéRk

ElgCagenHeT . Baküza ²RtCak´³ :ndl´ nUvRtCak´NamYy

BYkGacarüxøH eBalza ²ruyk|alex[v³ dUecñH k*man

xül´manxül´RbkbedayZUlI nig xül´minmanZUlICaedIm eQμaH za xül´ .

kMedAénRBHGaTitü eQμaHza Gatab; .

stVEdlvar

lUn eTA:nRKb´y¨ag :ndl´ stVEdlmanxøÜnEvg manBs´ Ca edIm eQμaHza sirwsb; .

smösSénstVTaMgLay manBs´Ca

edImenaH man 2 y¨ag KWsmösSEdlBs´enaHcwk1ç smösSEdl Bs´enaHBal´RtUv1 . smösSenaHÉg mineb[teb[nPik¡ú EdlXøúM cIvrehIy Gg<úyeT .

eRBaHehtuenaH kñúgTITaMgLay mansPaB

EdlekIteLIgehIy edayGMNacénkarkMerIknUvZatu xagkñúg ßk*

EbbenaH Pik¡úeRbIR:s´cIvr edIm|IkarBarnUvsmösSTaMg2 y¨agenaH.

edayGMNacénkarERbRbYlnUvrdUvxageRkA . Baküza ²edIm|Ikar

kareBalBaküza ²yaveTv³ enHmþgeT[t edIm|IsEmþgnUvkarkMNt´

Bar³ KWedIm|IkMcat´bg´ . KWedIm|IbenÞabg´nUvRtCak´enaH edayviZI EdlvaminjúaMgGaBaZoekIteLIg kñúgsrIr;:n . eRBaHza kal ebIsrIr; RtUvesckþIRtCak´eb[teb[nehIyç Pik¡ú mancitþraymay minGactm,l´nUvesckþIBüayam edayó:y:neLIy eRBaHehtu enaH eTIbRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´GnuJ¦atza ²Pik¡ú RtUvEteRbIR:s´cIvr edIm|IkarBarnUvRtCak´³ . TaMgBYg .

n&yenH bNÐit Kb|IRCabkñúgRbeyaCn¾

eRBaHza kñúgGZikarenH RKb´RKan´ehIy .

²nUvkMedA³ KÅ nUvkMedAénePøIg .

bTza

cMENkkarekItRBm énkMedAenaH

bNÐit Kb|IRCab kúñgkMedATaMgLay mankMedAePøIgéRBCaedIm . ÉesckþIvinicä&y

kñúgbTza

²DMsmksvatatbsirwsbsmösSanM³

enH bNÐitKb|IRCab dUcteTA .

re:m nig ruyTaMgLay eQμaH

nUvextþEdn énRbeyaCn¾EdleT[gTat´ .

tamBit karbiT:Mg

Gvyv;

CaehtujúaMgesckþIxμasokMerIk

Tat´ .

CYnkalRbeyaCn¾TaMgLayeRkABIenH mankñúgkalxøH .

kñúgbTza

CaRbeyaCn¾EdleT[g

²hiriekabinb|dicäaTnM³ enaH bTza ²hiriekabinM³ KW

TIcegÁ{tenaH> .

EmnBit kalebIGvyv;Na> KWPik¡úebIkç hiri

rEmgkMerIk KWrEmgvinasç Gvyv;enaH> RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´ za ²hiriekabinM³ dUecñH eRBaHCaTIjúaMgesckþIxμasokMerIk. cMENk esckþIénBaküza ²edIm|IbiT:MgnUvGvyv;CaeRK]gjúaMgesckþIxμas okMerIk³ enaH KWedIm|IbiT:MgnUvGvyv; CaeRK]gjúaMgesckþIxμas okMerIk .

:f; za ²hiriekabinM bdicäaTntæM³ dUecñH k*manEdr .

‘26’ Baküza ²biNÐ:t³ KÅ GaharNamYy .

eRBaHza


visuTÆimK< ERb

67

68

sIlnieTÞs

GaharNamYy RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ za ²biNÐ:t³ eRBaH

énsMeyaCn;rbs´CndéTpg .

GaharenaHZøak´cuHehIy kñúg:Rtrbs´Pik¡ú edayPaBCadMu .

müa¨g

RbtibtþiEdlminEmnCaó:yénR:C\a niig karlHbg´nUvkamsux-

eT[t karZøak´cuHéndMu:yTaMgLay GZib|ayza karRbCMu KWkar

løikanueyaK k*RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ehIy eday 4 bTenH

RbmUlpþMúénPik¡aTaMgLay EdlPik¡ú:nehIy kñúgTIenaH> eQμaHza

Edr .

biNÐ:t .

bTza ²env Tvay³ KW minEmnedIm|Ielg dUcCaekμg

GñkRsukCaedImeT .

GZib|ayza

esckþIsm<al´ kñúgkarelg .

bTza ²n mTay³ KW edIm|IesckþImYem¨A dUcCaGñkcM:b´ nig Gñk Rbdal´CaedImk*eT .

GZib|ayza esckþIsm<al´ edayesckþI

RsvwgeRBaHkmøaMg nig esckþIsm<al´ edayesckþIRsvwgrbs´kUn Rbus .

bTza ²n mNÐnay³ KW edIm|IRbdab´tak´Etg dUcBYkRsI

kñúgburI nig BYkRsIeBsüaCaedImk*eT. GZib|ayza esckþIsm<al´ nUvPav;énkarbeJ©jGvyv;tUc-ZMTaMgLay .

bTza ²n viPU-

mYyeT[t

karlHbg´nUvesckþI

bTza ²yaveTv³ KWmanesckþIGZib|ay dUc:neBalmk

ehIyn@uHÉg . bTza ²«msS kaysS³ KW énrUbkayEdlRbkb bTza ²fitiya³ KWedIm|IfitenACab´

edaymhaPUtrUb 4 enH . teTA .

bTza ²yabnay³ KWedIm|Iminkat´pþac´énkarRbRBwtþieTA ß

edIm|IfitenA Gs´kald*yUr .

EmnBit Pik¡úenH esBnUvbiNÐ:t

edIm|IkartaMgenAénkay nig edIm|IjúaMgCIviti®nÞIy¾ oRbRBwtþeTA dUc Cam©as´énpÞHEdlcas´´ eRbIRTnl´Tl´RTnUvpÞH nig dUcCaGñkreTH eRbIxøaj´sRmab´labePøAreTHdUecñaHç

minEmnedIm|Ielgç

Rsvwgç edIm|Itak´Etg nigsÁitsÁageT .

edIm|I

mü¨agvijeT[t Kb|IRCab

snay³ KW edIm|IsÁitsÁag dUcCaGñkr:M nig GñkraMCaedIm k*eT .

za; Baküza ²fiti³ enH KWCaeQμaH rbs´CIviti®nÞIy¾ eRBaHehtuenaH

GZib|ayza sm<al´nUvPav;énEs|kpUrpg´ . mYyvijeT[t bNÐit

edayBakümanRbmaNb¨ueNÑH za ²«msS

kaysSfitiya ya-

Kb|IRCabza bNþabTTaMg 4 enaH bTza ²env Tvay³ enH RBH

bnay³ dUecñH eTIbmanBaküGZib|ayza ²edIm|IjúaMgCIviti®nIÞy¾ én

d*manRBHPaK Rtas´ehIy edIm|IlHbg´nUvóbnisS&yénemah; .

kayenH oRbRBwtþeTA³ dUecñH .

bTza ²n mTay³ enH RBHGg<Rtas´ehIy edIm|IlHbg´óbnisS&y éneTas; .

2 bTza ²n mNÐnay n viPUsnay³ enH RTg´

Rtas´ehIy edIm|IlHbg´nUvóbnisS&yénraK; . za ²env Tvay n mTay³ enH

mYyeT[t 2 bT

RTg´Rtas´ehIy edIm|IhamXat´

nUvkarekIteLIgénsMeyaCn;rbs´xøÜn .

2 bTza ²n mNÐnay

n viPUsnay³ enHRTg´Rtas´ehIy edIm|IhamXat´nUvkarekIteLIg

²vihwsubrtiya³

bTza

manvinicä&yza

eQμaHza vihwsa eRBaHGtæza eZVIomanCmáWç nUvbiNÐ:t

EmnBit Pik¡úenHesB

edIm|Irmáab´nUvesckþIeRskXøanenaH

mandMe¶labzñaMrkSadMe¶

nig

esckþIeRskXøan

dUcCabuK<lGñk

dUcCabuK<lGñkmanCmáW

kalebI

ekItmanGakar;ekþA nig RtCak´CaedIm k*elbzñaMbM:t´Gakar;enaH dUecñaH .

bTza ²RBhμcriya nuK<hay³

KW edIm|IGnueRKaH dl´


visuTÆimK< ERb

69

sasnRBhμcriy;TaMgGs´ nig mK<RBhμcriy;pg .

70

sIlnieTÞs

EmnBit

RbmaN eQμaHza rEmgkMcat´bg´ nUvevTnacas´enaH:npg nig

Pik¡úenH kalGaRs&ykmøaMgkay eRBaHkaresBbiNÐ:tCabc©&y

evTnaenHNa EdlelakehAza ²evTnazμI³ eRBaHGaRs&ykarsnSM

RbtibtþiedIm|IknøgnUvpøÚvqáayKWPB edayGMNacénkarRbkber]y>

kmμ KWkarbriePaKminRtwmRtUv EdlxøÜneZVIehIy kñúgkal«LÚvenH

kñúgéRtsik¡a eQμaHza esB ‘nUvbiNÐ:t’ edIm|IGnueRKaH dl´

ekIteLIgteTAç GatμaGj kaljúaMgedImehtuénevTnazμI minoekIt

RBhμcriy; dUcCaKUPriyasVamI EdlmanesckþIRtUvkar edIm|Iqøg

eLIg edayGMNackarbriePaKd*smKYr eQμaHza minjúaMgevTnazμI

pøÚvqáay briePaKsac´kUnç dUcCabuK<lEdlmanesckþIRtUvkaredIm|I

enaH oekIteLIgpg³ dUecñH .

qøgTwksÞwgGaRs&yEp

lHGtþkilmzanueyaK nig karminlHbg´nUvesckþIsuxEdlRbkb

nig

bIdUcCabuK<lEdlmanesckþIRtUvkar

edIm|IqøgsmuRT GaRs&ynUvnava y¨agdUecñaHÉg .

edayZm( Kb|IRCabza RBHmanRBHPaK sEmþgehIy eday:f;

Baküza ²«ti buraNJ© evTnM bdihg¡ami nvJ© evTnM n

ób|aeTsSami³ manesckþIGZib|ayza;

k*karrYbrYmkarbriePaKd*smKYYr kar

Pik¡ú Kitza ²edayRbkar

2 y¨agenHÉg . Baküza

²yaRta c em PvisSti³

esckþIza ;

Pik¡ú Kit za

KWedaykaresB nUvbiNÐ:tenH GatμaGj nwgkMcat´bg´

²k*edaykarbriePaKEdlsmKYr kareTA eBalKWkareZVIdMeNIr Gs´

nUvevTnacas´ EdlekItBIesckþIeRskXøanpg nwgminjúaMgevTna

kald*yUr eRBaHminmanesckþIRkvl´Rkvay EdlCaTIcUleTAkat´

zμI EdlmankarbriePaK hYsRbmaNCabc©&y oekIteLIgpg dUc

pþac´ nUvCIviti®nÞIy¾ ß EdlCaTIkac´bM:k´ nUv«riyabz nwgmandl´

CabNþaRBahμN¾

GlMsadk;ç

GatμaGjç mYyeT[t nwgmandl´ragkayrbs´GatμaGjEdlman

eQμaH ttævdþk;ç eQμaH kakmask;ç eQμaH Putþvmitk;ç RBahμN¾

karRbRBwtþieTAmindac´edaybc©&yenHpg³ ehIyesB‘nUvbiNÐ:t’

NamYy³ dUecñHehIy esB ‘nUvbiNÐ:t’ eRb[bdUcCamnusSman

eRb[bdUcCabuK<lEdlmaneraK

CmáW eRbIR:s´zñaM y¨agenaHÉg³ dUecñH .

dUecñaHÉg .

y¨agenH

eQμaH

Gahrhtæk;ç

eQμaH

n&ymYyeT[t Kb|IRCab

eRbIR:s´nUvzñaMsRmab´EkeraKenaH

GtæaZib|ay kñúgBaküenHza; evTnaNa EdlelakehAza ²evTna

2 bTza ²GnvC¢ta c pasuvihaera c³ esckþIza Pik¡ú Kitza

cas´³ eRBaHGaRs&ykarbriePaKnUvrbs´EdlminCaTIsb|ay nig

²karminmaneTas nwgman dl´GatμaGj edaykarev[rcaknUvkar

briePaKhYsRbmaN kñúgbc©úb|nñ ekIteLIgedayGMNacénkmμcas´ Cabc©&yç GatμaGj kaljúaMgbc©&yénevTnacas´enaH ovinas eTA edaykarbriePaKGahar EdlCaTIsb|ay nig briePaKEtlμm

EsVgrkç

karTTYl

nig

karbriePaKminsmKYr

nig

karenAsux

sb|ay nwgmandl´GatμaGj edaykarbriePaKd*smKYr³ dUecñH . n&ymYyeT[tza ²karminmaneTas edayPav; minmaneTasepSg>


visuTÆimK< ERb

71

72

sIlnieTÞs

dUcCakarmineRtkGrç karx¢ilRcGUsç kiriyamitBt´ ‘EGnGn’ nig

kñúgTINa>ç KÅviharkþI TITaMgLaymanbgØaCaedImkþIç TIenaH> eQμaH

kartiHed[lGMBIviJ¦ÚCnCaedIm

za esn;ç

eRBaHbriePaKrbs´minCaTIsb|ay

Pik¡úGg<úy KWKg´sRmak kñúgTINa>ç TIenaH> eQμaHza

nig briePaKhYsRbmaNCabc©&y nwgman dl´GatμaGj nig kar

Gasn;ç

enACasuxsb|ay edaymankmøaMgkaymaMmYn eRBaHbriePaKGahar

za ²esnasn;³ .

2 bTza ²ótubrisSyvienaTnM

EdlCaTIsb|ay nig briePaKGaharEtlμmsmKYrCabc©&y nwg

naramtæM³

rdUvhñwgÉg

mandl´GatμaGj³ dUecñHxøH . n&ymYyeT[t za ²karminmaneTas

ekItGMBIrdUv

eRBaHkarlHbg´nUvesckþIsux kñúgkaredk esckþIsux kñúgkarEpÁk

edIm|IbenÞabg´nUvesckþIGnþrayEdlekItBIrdUvpg edIm|IkareRtkGr

eRTt nig esckþIsux kñúgkarguyegakgk´ nwgman dl´GatμaGj

TUeTA kñúgTICaTIeKcecjGMBIBYkpg .

edaykarev[rcakkarbriePaKtamcMNg´ rhUtdl´EqÁte:¨geBaH nig

²rdUvNa EdlminCaTIsb|ay eZVInUvesckþIeb[teb[n nig esckþI

karenACasuxsb|ay eRBaH«riyabzTaMg 4 manclnaRbRBwtþeTA

raymayéncitþ Pik¡ú RtUvEtbenÞabg´ edaykaresBnUvesnasn;

smRbkb nwgman dl´GatμaGj edaykarbriePaKGahar bnæy

edIm|IbenÞabg´ nUvrdUvenaHpg edIm|IesckþIsux énPav;rbs´buK<l

mkRtwmEt 4ç 5 BMnUt³ dUecñHxøH k*man ehIyesB‘nUvbiNÐ:t’ .

Etmñak´Égpg³ .

smdUcCaRBHtRmas´ EdlRBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ za ;

Pik¡ú CaRBHeyaKI Kb|IElgqan´ nUvBMnUtTaMgLay 4ç 5 BMnUt ehIypwkTwkç karbriePaKEtb¨ueNÑH lμm RKb´RKan´ehIy edIm|IkarenACasuxsb|ay dl´Pik¡ú EdlmancitþbJ¢ÚneTAehIykan´smaZi . karkMNt´nUvRbeyaCn¾pg

esckþIza

eRBaHGtæza

ehAza

eb[teb[nç

bdisløa-

esckþIGnþray Edl

‘Pik¡ú

esBnUvesnasn;’

dUcmanesckþIGZib|ayza

EmnBit karbenÞabg´nUvesckþIGnþrayEdlekIt

BIrdUv RBHmanRBHPaK Rtas´ehIyhñwgÉg edayBaküza ²edIm|I karBarnUvRtCak´³ dUecñHCaedIm k*BitEmnehIy b¨uEnþza bNÐit Kb|I RCabza ²RBHGg<Rtas´BaküenH kñúgkaresBnUUvesnasn;enHeT[t eRBaHsMedAykkarbenÞabg´ nUvesckþIGnþray EdlekItGMBIrdUv d* eT[g

eRb[bdUcCaBaküEdlRBHGg<RTg´Rtas´ kñúgkaresBnUvcIBr

za ²karbiT:MgnUvGvyv; EdljúaMgesckþIeG[nxμas okeRmIk

kiriyaRbtibtþiCakNþalpg Kb|I

RCabza ; RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´sEmþgehIy eday:f;RtwmEt 3 bTenHÉg . ‘27’ TIedk nig TIGg<úy eQμaHza esnasn; .

eRBaHrYmBaküTaMg 2 enaH cUlCamYyKña eTIbelakehA

CaRbeyaCn¾eT[gç

RbeyaCn¾TaMgLayÉeT[t rEmgman kñúgkal

xøH³ y¨agenaHÉg . mYyvijeT[t rdUv manRbkarEdlelakeBalehIyenH k*KÅ

k*Pik¡ú sig

rdUvhñwgÉg .

ÉesckþIGnþray man 2 y¨ag

KW esckþIGnþray


visuTÆimK< ERb

73

EdlR:kdc|as´1 esckþIGnþrayEdlbiT:Mg1 . bNþaesckþI

74

sIlnieTÞs

edaykMEBgCaeRK]gkarBarnUvnKrTaMg 7 ³ dUecñHCaedIm .

eRK]g

manesckþI

Glg,ar Rtas´ehAza ²brik¡ar³ kñúg:lIza ²rz KWGriymK< man

GnþrayEdlekItBIstVsahav mansIh; nig xøaZM CaedIm ehAza

sIl CaeRK]gBas manQan CaePøA manesckþIBüayam Cakg´

esckþIGnþrayR:kdCak´c|as´ç

‘1’ ³ dUecñHCaedIm .

GnþrayTaMg 2

y¨agenaH

esckþIGnþrayTaMgLay

ÉesckþIGnþrayTaMgLay

man

esckþIGnþrayEdlekItGMBIraK; nig eTas;CaedIm ehAza esckþI

smÖar; k*RBHGg<Rtas´za ²brik¡ar³ kñúg:lI

za ²brik¡ar sRmab´CIvitenH NanImYy KWbBVCit RtUvEtRbmUlyk

GnþrayEdlbiT:Mg . esckþIGnþrayTaMgenaH rEmgeZVInUvkareb[t

mkedayRtwmRtUv ‘2’ ³ dUecñHCaedIm . k*kñúgbTza ²Kilanb|c©y-

eb[nmin:n edaykarminRKb´RKgCMuvijpg edaykic©mankareXIj

ePsC¢brik¡aera³ enH

rUb EdlminCaTIsb|aypg kñúgTIesnasn;Naç Pik¡ú kaldwg

ePsC¢;Cabc©&ydl´GñkCMgWenaH eQμaHza Cabrivar ‘eRK]gbiT:Mg’

ehIy y¨agdUecñH BicarNa esBnUvesnasn;enaH Kb|IRCab za

dl´CIvit:npg eRBaHrkSaCIvit minocenøaH dl´karekIteLIg én

²BicarNa edayó:yehIy eTIbesBnUvesnasn; .l. edIm|I

GaBaZEdljúaMgCIvitovinasç eQμaHza CaeRK]gKaMRTdl´CIvit:n

benÞabg´nUvesckþIGnþrayEdlekItGMBIrdUv³ dUecñH .

pg eRBaHCaeRK]gbNþaleZVIoCIvitRbRBwtþeTA :nyWnyUr ‘eT[t

‘28’

kñúgbTza

vinicä&ydUcteTA .

²Kilanb|c©yePsC¢brik¡arM³

enH

man

ePsC¢; eQμaHza bc©&y eRBaHGtæza beNþj

ecjnUveraKç GZib|ayza eRBaHGtæza CaeRK]gb®g,abnUveraK . Baküza bc©&yenH KWCaeQμaH rbs´ePsC¢; ÉNamYy EdlCaTI sb|ay .

kmμrbs´eBTü eQμaHza ePsC¢; eRBaHehtuza

énePsC¢; KWeBTüenaH GnuJ¦atþehIy . eQμaHza Kilanb|c©&yePsC¢; .

zñaMKWCabc©&y dl´GñkCMgW

GZib|ayza; kic©kar rbs´

eBTü EdlCaTIsb|ay dl´GñkCMgW NamYy s,rGMeBACaedIm .

Pav;

dUcCaeRbgç TwkXμMúç

cMENkeRK]gbrivar RBHmanRBHPaK Rtas´za

²brik¡ar³ kñúgRBH:lIza ²nKrCarbs´EdleKbiT:MglÁehIy 1–

suÇ

GMÇ

PaKTI 47 TMB&rTI 194 .

‘1’

rEmgKYrTaMgsmÖar;TaMgbrivar

.

EmnBit

pg’ eRBaHehtuenaH ePsC¢; Cabc©&ydl´GñkCMgWenaH elakehA za ²brik¡ar³ .

dUecñH ePsC¢;Cabc©&ydl´GñkCMgWenaHpg CaeRK]g

brik¡arpg eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbeQμaHza Kilanb|c©yePsC¢brik¡arç ‘Pik¡úesB’nUvKilanb|c©yePsC¢brik¡arenaH .

manBaküGZib|ay

za ²nUveRK]gKaMRTdl´CIvitmaneRbgç TwkXμúMç s,rGMeBACaedIm Edl RKUeBTüyl´RBmehIy EdlCaTIsb|ay dl´GñkCMgWNamYy³ . bTza ²ób|nñanM³ ERbza ekItehIy manehIy ekIteLIg ehIy .

kñúgbTza ²evyüaBaZikanM³ enH karkMerIkZatu eQμaHza

BüaBaZç ÉeraKTaMgLay maneraKXøg´ç eraKbUsç eraKrlkEkvCa edIm EdlmankarkMerIkZatuenaH Casmudðan eQμaHza evyüaBaZika 1– suÇ sMÇ PaKTI 37 TMB&r 12 .

2- suÇ mÇ PaKTI 20 TMB&r 395 .


visuTÆimK< ERb

75

76

sIlnieTÞs

‘CaeraKRbkbedaykareb[teb[nepSg>’ eRBaHPav;éneraKenaHekIt

CaniTsSn; kñúg:tiemak¡sMvrsIlenH .

eLIgehIyedaykareb[teb[nepSg> . evTnaEdlCaTuk¡ KWevTna

sMvrsIlenaH Pik¡úGñksmaTansik¡abT EdlRBHmanRBHPaK RTg´

evTna . nUvevTna Edl

bJ¦tþehIy y¨agNa minoesssl´edaysTÆa ehIymineZVInUv

Rbkbedaykareb[teb[nepSg>enaH. bTza ²GBüabCÄbrmtay³

karGaeLaHGal&y sUm|IkñúgCIvit RtUvEtbMeBjobribUN( eday

esckþIza edIm|ICaGñkminmanesckþITuk¡d*éRkElg .

RbéB . smdUcRBHtRmas´ EdlRBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´za ;

EdlekItGMBIGkuslvi:k

eQμaHza

GZib|ayza;

esckþITuk¡enaH ‘man’ drabNaç Pik¡ú lHbg´esckþITuk¡CakmμTaMg

bkSIRtedvviuc s)URbzuylHbg´CIvitrkSanUvBg y¨ag

Gs´ drabenaHEdr .

Na emRmwKcamrI s)URbzuylHbg´CIvit rkSanUveram

sIlEdlmankarBicarNa edayó:yénR:C\a CamunehIy

knÞúy y¨agNa kudum¬Ik¾mankUnsMLaj´EtmYy rkSa

eTIbeRbIR:s´bc©&y Calk¡N;enH bNÐit Kb|IRCabza ²eQμaHza bc©ysnñisSitsIl³ edayseg¡b y¨agdUecñH .

cMENkesckþI

²bc©ysnñisSitsIl³ enH

dUcteTAenH .

énBakü

kñúgbTza

k*stVTaMgLay

kalTTYl

GaRs&y

KÅbriePaK

ehtuenaH :tiemak¡-

nUvkUn y¨agNa bursmanEPñkm¡ag rkSanUvEPñkmYy y¨agNaç elakTaMgLay cUrrkSanUvsIl rbs´xøÜn oCaTI R sLaj´ e Bjci tþ o Nas´

eRbIR:s´nUv

cU rRbkbeday

esckþIeKarB sBV > kal ‘odUcCabkSI Rtedvvuic

bc©&yTaMgLay mancIvrCaedImenaHehIy eTIbeTA:n KW dMeNIr

rkSaBgCaedIm’ y¨agdUecñaHcuH .

eTA:n :ndl´ eTIbRbRBwtþeTA:n eRBaHehtuNa eRBaHehtuenaH ‘bc©&ymancIvrCaedImenaH’ eTIbelakehAza ²bc©&y³ . sIlNa

sUm|IRBHtRmas´déTeT[t k*RBHGg<RTg´Rtas´ehIyEdr‘za’ .

GaRs&y nUvbc©&yTaMgLayenaH eRBaHehtuenaH sIlenaH eTIb

mhasmuRT fitenACaZmμta minknøghYsRcaMgeTA:n y¨agNa

eQμaHza

bc©ysnñisSitsIl .

mijç

‘29’ Kb|IRCabsaZn; ‘ehtuoseRmc’ kñúgsIl 4 y¨ag

bBiRtmharaCRBHnambharaT;

y¨agenaHEdr

BYksavkrbs´tzaKt

minRbRBwtþknøgsik¡abTenaH

k*

EdltzaKt:nbJ¦tþ

enH dUcteTA Pik¡ú Kb|IjúaMg:tiemak¡sMvrsIl odl´RBm eday

ehIy dl´BYksavk sUm|IeRBaHehtuénCIviteLIy ‘1’ .

sTÆa . eRBaH:tiemak¡sMvrsIlenaH seRmcedaysTÆa eRBaH

esckþIGZib|ayenH Kb|IRCaber]gRBHezr;TaMgLay EdlRtUvecar

Pav;énkarbJ¦tþisik¡abT CakarknøgnUvvis&yénRBHsavk .

cgehIy kúñgdgéRB ‘CaóTahrN¾’ .

Bit

EmnehIy karRtas´hamnUvkiriyaTUlsMu oRBHGg<bJ¦tþsik¡abT

1-

suÇ GMÇ GÇ

PaKTI 48 TMB&rTI 93 .

k*kñúg


visuTÆimK< ERb

77

:n»mkza BYkecar:nykvløieRbgcgepþkRBHezr; kñúgdg

78

sIlnieTÞs

n&yza ²mñalPik¡úTaMgLay ‘1’ ck¡ú®nÞIy¾EdlPik¡úGalehIyeday

RBHezr;sigenAdEdlnu@HÉg cMerInvibsSna

bnÞHEdkEdlekþAehIy EdlePøIgeqHsBVehIy EdlePøIgeqHsenÆa

Gs´ 7 ézá k*:nseRmcRBHGnaKamipl eZVImrNkal kñúgTIenaH

senÆAehIy manGNþatePøIgEtmYy RbesIrCagç cMENkkarkan´

Ég ehIy:neTAekItkñúgRBhμelak .

yknUvnimitþ edayGnuBüJ¢n; kñúgrUbTaMgLay EdlbuK<lKb|Idwg

éRBeQμaHmhavtþni .

ecarTaMgLay:nykvløi

epam mkcgepþkRBHezr;déTeT[t kñúgtm¬bNÑiTVIb .

RBHezr;enaH

edayckú¡

minRbesIresaHeLIy³

dUecñHCaedImehIyç

kalebI

kalebIePøIgéRBraleqHmkdl´ k*minpþac´vløiesaHeLIy epþImcMerIn

viJ¦aN RbRBwtþeTAtamTVarmanckú¡TVarCaedIm kñúgGarmμN¾TaMgLay

vibsSna

ehIyk*

manrU:rmμN¾CaedImç hamXt´nUvkiriyakan´ykmankarkan´yknUv

RBHTIXPaNkGPyetær kalnimnþ eTACamYynwgPik¡ú

nimitþCaedIm EdlCapøÚv KWeTasTaMgLay manGPiCÄaCaedIm Kb|I

500 Gg< :neXIjehIy k*obUCasrIr;rbs´RBHezr;ehIy o

cUlmk:n edaysti EdlminvegVgvgVn´Pan´RcLM Kb|IeZVIo:n

sagRBHectiy ‘sMrab´bJ©úHGdðiZatu’ .

seRmc edayRsYlbYlcuH .

briniBVan .

rhUtdl´:nseRmcCaRBHGrhnþsmsIsI

eRBaHehtuenaHehIy

eRBaHza

kulbuRtGñkmansTÆadéTeT[t

kalCRmHnUv:tiemak¡ Kb|IsU)RbzuyCIvit minKb|I TMlaynUvkars®gYm kúñgsIl EdlRBHelaknaz RTg´Rtas´bJ¦tþehIy . Pikú¡Kb|Iodl´RBm

o

enAyWnyUr mintaMgenAGs´kald*yUr:neLIy eRb[bdUcCasnÞÚg EdleKmin:neZVIrbgh)umB&TÆehIy k*minGacrs´enA:nyUr y¨ag k*Pik¡ú EdlmineZVI«®nÞiysMvrsIl o:nseRmcenH

CaGñkRtUvecar KWkielsTaMgLayeb[teb[n dUcCaRsukEdlman

edaysTÆa y¨agNamijç «®nÞiysMvrsIl k*Pik¡úKb|Iodl´RBm

TVar

edaysti k*y¨agenaHEdr .

y¨agdUecñaHÉg .

EmnBit «®nÞiysMvrsIlenaH man

KWPik¡úmin:neZVI

seRmc y¨agenHehIy sUm|I:tiemak¡sMvrsIl k*CasIlminfit

dUecñaHÉg .

eRb[bóbmadUcCa:tiemak¡sMvrsIl

kalebI«®nÞiysMvrsIlenaH

ebIkcMh

k*RtUvBYkecarnaMykRTBübuK<ldéT

eb[teb[n:n

mYyeT[t raK; rEmgcak´TmøúHnUvcitþ rbs´Pik¡ú

stiCaeRK]goseRmc eRBaH«®nÞIy¾TaMgLay Edltm,l´enAs)b´

enaH dUcCatMNk´TwkePø{g elceRsacnUvpÞHEdleKRbk´min:nlÁ

lÁehIy edaysti minEmnCaRbehag EdleTasTaMgLay man

ehIy

GPiCÄaCaedIm Kb|IcUlmk:neLIy . sMvrsIlenaH

eRBaHehtudUecñaH «®nÞiy-

Pik¡úkalrlwkeXIj nUvGaTitþbriyaysURt eday

k*y¨agdUecñaHÉg .

smdUcRBHd*manRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ za ; 1- suÇ

sMÇ

PaKTI 35 TMB&rTI 384 .


visuTÆimK< ERb

79

80

Pik¡úbiTrkSalÁehIy rEmgeb[teb[nmin:n dUUcCa

Pik¡ú rkSanUv«®nÞIy¾ kñúgrUb sMeLg rs køin nig kñúg

BYkecarlYcRTBüGñkdéT

psS;TaMgLay eRBaHza TVarTaMgLayenHEdlebIk

rEmgelceRsacmin:n

ecarlYcRTBüGñkdéT eb[teb[nRsuk EdlmanTVar

EdlbuK<lGb´rMlÁehIymin:n y¨agdUecñaHEdr .

nUvpÞHEdlbuK<lRbk´:MgehIyminlÁ

min:nGb´rMehIy k*y¨agdUecñaHEdr .

k*eTsnaenH CaeTsnad*óRkidðéRkElg . ‘30’

Etza kalebI«®nÞiysMvrsIlenaH Pik¡úeZVIo:nsMercehIy

nUvpÞHEdlbuK<lRbk´:Mg

lÁehIy y¨agNamijç raK; Etgcak´TmøúH nUvcitþ

ebIkcMhecaldUecñaHEdr . tMNk´TwkePø{g rEmg y¨agNamijç raK; Etgcak´TmøúHnUvcitþ EdlbuK<l

eb[teb[nRsukEdlman

TVarbiTlÁehIymin:ndUecñaHEdr . tMNk´TwkePø{g

cMh min:nrkSaehIy rEmgeb[teb[n dUcCaBYk

elceRsac

sIlnieTÞs

ZmμtacitþenH

eRBaHehtuenaH

CaZmμCatRbRBwtþeTA y¨agqab´rh&s

«®nÞiysMvr;

Pik¡úKb|IbenÞabg´nUvraK;

sUm|I:tiemak¡sMvrsIl k*CasIlfitenAyWnyUr CasIltaMgenA

eLIgehIy

Gs´kald*yUr:n eRb[bdUcsnÞÚg EdleK:neZVIrbghu)mB&TÆ:n

RBm dUcRBHvg<Isetær GñkbYsehIy Gs´kalminyUr .

lÁehIy k*Gacrs´enA:nyUr y¨agdUecñaHÉg .

k*Pik¡ú EdleZVI

dUcCaRsukEdlmanTVar

biT:MglÁehIy

k*RtUvBYkecarnaMykRTBübuK<ldéT eb[teb[nmin:n k*y¨agdUecñaH Ég .

mYyvijeT[t raK; rEmgcak´TmøúHnUvcitþ rbs´Pik¡úenaH

min:n eRb[bdUcCatMNk´TwkePø{g elceRsacmin:nnUvpÞHEdl eKRbk´:MgCitlÁehIy y¨agdUecñaH . smdUcCaRBHtRmas´ EdlRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´ za ;

Pik¡ú rkSanUv«®nÞIy¾ kñúgrUb sMeLg rs køin nig kñúg psS;TaMgLay eRBaHza TVarTaMgLayenH Edl

nUvGsuPkmμdðan

ehIyeZVIodl´

‘er]gRBHvg<Isetær’

«®nÞiysMvrsIl o:nseRmcenH CaGñkRtUvecar KÅkielsTaMg Layeb[teb[nmin:n

edayeZVITukkñúgcitþ

EdlekIt

:n»mkza

kalRBHezr;bYsehIyGs´kalminyUr

Rtac´

eTAedIm|IbiNÐ:tç raK; ekIteLIg eRBaHeXIj®sþImñak´ . kúñgRKa enaH

elakk*:nTUldl´RBHGannÞ za ;

x\MúRBHkruNa ekþARkhayedaykamraK; citþ rbs´x\úM RBHkruNa

Etgeralral

bBiRtRBHGannÞeKatm

eKaRt dUcCax\úMRBHkruNasUmGgVrç sUmelakm©as´ emtþaR:b´nUvó:yCaeRK]grMlt´ nUvesckþIekþAeral ral edayesckþIGnueRKaHpgcuH . RBHezr; eBal za ;


visuTÆimK< ERb

81

:n»mkza RBHezr;enAGs´kalRbmaNb¨ueNÑH minZøab´ebIk

sJ¦aç cUrelakev[roRsLH nUvsuPnimitþ EdlCa

EPñkRkeLkemIlKuhaeT . cMENkxagEk|rTVarKuhaénRBHezr;enaH

ehtunaMoekItraK; cUrelakGb´rMcitþ otaMgenA:n

manedImxÞwgZMpgEdr . mhanaKRBwkSenaH k*RBHezr;minZøab´egIy

lÁ eZVIomanGarmμN¾EtmYy edayGsuPsJ¦a cUr

emIlBÆd*xagelIeLIy . RBHezr; Tal´EteXIjlMGgeksr Zøak´

elakeXIjnUvsg¡arTaMgLay edayzaCarbs´déT

elIEpndI er[gral´qñaM eTIbdwgza edImmhanaKenaHmanp,aehIy .

‘mineT[gTat´’ pg edayza CaTuk¡pg edayza min

RBHraCa RTg´RBHsNþab´ nUvKuNsm|tþi rbs´RBHezr;ehIy

EmnCarbs´xøÜnpg cUrrMlt´nUvraK;ZM oGs´eTA kMu

RBHezr;

‘1’

RTg´manRBHbMNgnwgzVaybg<M

.

Pik¡úKb|ICaGñkbMeBjnUv«®nÞiysMvr;

odUcCa

RBHcitþKutþetær GñkenAkñúgmhaKuha eQμaHkurNÐk; nig dUcCaRBH mhamitþetær GñkenAkñúgecarkmhaviharCaRbRktIpg .

:n»mkza manrUbKMnUrénGPini®s,mn¾ rbs´RBHBuTÆTaMgLay

Pik¡úeRcInrUb k*eBalza

kurNÐk; .

kalnimnþeTAkan´TIcarikénesnasn; ²bBiRtelakm©as´

BYk

eXIjrUbKMnUr

citþkmμ CaTIrIkrayéncitþ³ .

RBH

ezr; eBalza ²mñalelakd*manGayuTaMgLay kalEdlx\úMrs´ enAkúñgKuha Gs´kalCag 60 qñaM mindwgza; minmaneT .

«LÚvenH eTIbEtézáenHeT

1- suÇ sMÇ sKÇ

PaKTI 30 TMB&rTI 158 .

Gs´

cgedaHTaMgLay énBYkRsþIEdlmankUnx©I kñúgRsukenaHehIy RTg´ bJ¢aoraCGamatü Rbzab´Rtaza ²RBHezr; minTan´nimnþmk drab Naç BYkTark kMu:neLIynUvTwkedaHRss´ drabenaHEdr³ . RBHezr; :nnimnþeTAkan´RsukZMehIy edIm|IGnueRKaHdl´BYk

‘er]gRBHcitþKutþetær’

7 RBHGg< CaTImenarmü enAkñúgmhaKuhaeQμaH

eTIbRTg´bJ¢ÚnnUvRBHraCsar

var; 3 dgç kalebIRBHezr; minnimnþmkç eTIbRTg´Rtas´bJ¢aoeK

luHbenÞabg´raK;:nehIy k*Rtac´eTA edIm|IbiNÐ:t .

n&ymYyeT[t

sIlnieTÞs

eRBaHGaRs&yelakTaMgLayEdlmanckú¡³ .

citþ rbs´elak Etgeralral eRBaHvibløascak

oCaGñk KWraK;duteralraljy> eLIy

82

rUbKMnUrman ßk*

x\úMeTIbnwgdwg ‘za man’

Tark .

RBHraCa RTg´RBHsNþab´ehIy RTg´Rtas´za ²EnRbEsþg

TaMgLay! BYkGñk cUreTAnimnþoRBHezr;cUlmkcuH x\MúnwgTTYlnUv sIlTaMgLay³ ehIyRTg´Rtas´oBYkGamatü naMRBHezr;eTA xag kñúgénRBHraCvaMg RTg´zVaybg<MRBHezr;ehIy RbeKncgØan´ oRBH ezr;qan´ eTIbRtas´za ²bBiRtelakm©as´d*cMerIn ézáenH minman OkaseT x\úMRBHkuNa nwgTTYlsIlkñúgézáEsÁk³ dUecñHehIy RTg´ kan´yk:Rtrbs´RBHezr; CUneTA:nEtbnþicehIy RTg´zVaybg<M RtLb´mkvij

CamYynwgRBHnageTvI

.

RBHraCa

RTg´zVaybgM<kþI

RBHnageTvI RTg´zVaybgM<kþIç RBHezr; eBalza ²bBiRtRBHmharaC


visuTÆimK< ERb sUmRTg´manesckþIsuxcuH³ . y¨agenH .

83

ézáTaMgLay 7 :nknøgeTAehIy

Pik¡úTaMgLaysYrza; bBiRtelakm©as´d*cMerIn ehtuGVI

84

sIlnieTÞs mYyeT[t

eraKbUsRbkbedayBis

rbs´RBHmhamitþetær .

ekIteLIg

dl´mata

cMENkkUnRsIrbs´mata énRBHezr;enaH

kalEdlRBHraCazVaybg<MkþI RBHnageTvI zVaybg<MkþIç elakm©as´

k*CaGñkbYsehIy kñúgsMNak´énBYknagPik¡únI . mataenaH niyay

eBal y¨agdUecñH za ²bBiRtRBHmharaC! sUmRTg´manesckþIsux

eTAkan´nagPik¡únIenaHza ²bBiRtnagCam©as´ cUrnageTAkan´sMNak´

cuH/³ .

bg cUrR:b´za x\Múminsb|ay ehIynaMykzñaMmk³ .

RBHezr; eBalza ²mñalelakd*manGayuTaMgLay x\úM

nagPik¡únI

min:neZVInUvkarkMNt´za; RBHraCa ß RBHnageTvI y¨agdUecñHeT³

enaH:neTAR:b´ehIy .

kñúgeBlknøgeTA:n 7 ézá RtUvRBHraCa ebIkOkas onimnþeTA

manzñaMb\seQICaedImehIy cMGineZVIzñaMeTç

ehIy edayRBHtRmas´za ²karenAkúñgTIenH BitCamankarlM:k

dl´nagç x\úMbYsehIy GMBIkalNa cab´edImGMBIkalenaHmk x\Mú

dl´RBHezr;³ dUecñHehIy k*nimnþeTAkan´mhaKuha eQμaH kurNÐk;

minZøab´mancitþRbkb

ehIyeLIgkan´TIc®g,m kñúgcMENkénraRtI .

Lay

eTvta EdlGaRs&yenAelIedImxÞwg mandg .

:nQreRTalnUvRbTIb

kñúgRKaenaH kmμdðan rbs´RBHezr; :nbrisuTÆR:kd

y¨agéRkElg .

RBHezr; mancitþrIkray edayKitza ²eRBaHehtu

GVIhñ@! kñúgézáenH kmμdðan rbs´GatμaGj R:kd y¨agéRkElgemø¨H³ júMagPñMTaMgmUloxÞrxÞarehIy énmCÄimyam .

ehtuenaH

k*:nseRmcRBHGrhtþ

kñúgcenøaH

kulbuRtÉeT[t GñkR:zñaRbeyaCn¾

minKb|ICaGñkmanEPñkrlImrlam

dUcCastVsVaenA

kñúgéRB dUcCastVRmwKP\ak´epÁIl kñúgéRB nig dUcCa

kUnekμg Edlmancitþtk´søútehIypg Kb|IecalnUv

EPñkTaMgLaycuHeRkam

CaGñkmankarsMLwgemIl

RtwmEtmYyCYrnwm minKb|ICaGñkluHnUvGMNac éncitþ EdlrlImrlam dUcCastVsVaéRBeLIy .

RBHezr; eBalza ²x\MúminecHpSMzñaMepSg>

edayelaP;

Etza x\úMnwgR:b´nUvzñaM

ehIyTMlay

rmilemIlrUbEdlmancMENkminesμIKñaeTç

nUv«®nÞIy¾TaMg edaysc©vaca

enH sUmesckþIsb|ayekItman dl´matarbs´x\úMç cUrnageTA cUr eBalBaküenHehIy be:sGEgÁlsrIr;énó:sikacuH³ .

Pik¡únI

enaHeTAR:b´esckþIenaHehIy :neZVItamEdlRBHezr;R:b´ . kñúñg xN;enaHÉg eraKbUsrbs´ó:sika k*rlay:t´Gs´ehIy dUc CadMuénBBuHTwk . ó:sikaenaH eRkakeLIgehIy :nbeJ©jnUv vaca CaTIrIkraysb|aycitþ za

²ebIRBHsmμasm¬úTÆ

Kb|IRTg´RBH

ZrmanenAeLIy ehtuGVI RBHGg<nwgminRTg´be:sGEgÁl nUvRBH sir; rbs´Pik¡ú R:kddUcCakUn rbs´Gj edayRBHhsþ man bNþajd*viciRtn@uH³ dUecñH . eRBaHehtudUecñaH

sUm|IPik¡údéTeT[t GñkmanesckþIsMKal´nUvxøÜnza Ca kulbuRt bYsehIy kñúgRBHsasna Kb|IfitenA kñúg

kars®gYm«®nÞIy¾d*RbesIr odUcCaRBHmitþetærcuH .


visuTÆimK< ERb k*«RnÞiysMvr;

85

Pik¡úKb|Iodl´RBmedaysti

y¨agNamijç

86

sIlnieTÞs

eLIg d*brisuTÆ .

k*kalebIEpøsm¨EdlbuK<lRtaMehIy edayTwk

GaCIv:risuTÆi k*Pik¡ú Kb|Iodl´RBm edayvIriy; y¨agdUecñaHEdr .

mURtsÁúy nig vtæúEdlmanrsCatEpÁm 4 y¨ag ekIteLIgehIy

eRBaHza esckþIBüayam

dl´Pik¡úenaH edIm|Irmáab´nUvBüaZiNamYy karsmaTanZutg< rbs´

EdlPik¡ú:nR:rBÆehIy edayRbéB CaehtuomankarlHbg´ nUv

Pik¡úEdlKitza ²sUm|IPik¡údéT EdlCasRBhμcarI nwgqan´nUvvtæúman

micäaCIv; .

rsCatEpÁm 4 mux³ dUecñH ehIyqan´cMNit énEpøsm¨Etmü¨ag Ca

k*GaCIv:risuTÆienaH

Gensn;

eRBaHehtuenaH GaCIv:risuTÆienaH Pik¡úKb|IlHbg´nUv EdlminsmKYrehIy

EdlekIteLIg Lay

seRmcedayvIriy;

edayesckþIbrisuTÆib¨ueNÑaH

EdlekIteLIg

Gsir¬is

esBcMeBaHEtbc©&yTaMgLay ev[rcaknUvbc©&yTaMg

edayesckþIminbrisuTÆi

Kb|Iodl´RBm edaykarEsVgrk

EdleRb[bdUcCa

edayRbéB

mankar

nig minbrisuTÆTaMg 2 enaH

k*bc©&yTaMgLayEdlekIteLIgehIy dl´Pik¡úGñkmanZutg< min:n rkSaehIy GMBIsMNak´sg¹ ß GMBIKN;kþI GMBIsMNak´énRKhsæ TaMgLay EdlRCHzøaehIy edayKuNTaMgLay mankarsMEdg Zm( rbs´Pik¡úenaHkþI eQμaHza bc©&yEdlekIteLIg edayesckþI brisuTÆiç cMENkÉbc©&yTaMgLay EdlekIteLIgehIy edaykar EsVgrkTaMgLay

EdlekIteLIgehIy

k*bc©&yTaMgLay

mancIvrbc©&yCaedImenHÉNaç

kMBugCRmHnUvGaCIv;ç

k*b¨uEnþ kñúgesnasn; nimitþkmμç OPaskmμ

nig brikza rEmgsmKYr dl´Pik¡úGñkEdlmin:nrkSanUvZutg< . bNþanimitþkmμç

OPaskmμç

m©as´eZVIGVI/

GñkNa

eRbIoelakm©as´eZVI/³

enaH edayGnuelamnUvkarkMNt´Zutg<

kñúgZutg<KuN

rbs´Pik¡ú

eQμaHza bc©&yEdlekIt

nig

viJ¦tþi TaMgenaH

dUecñHç

Bakütbza

²minmanGñkNaoeZVIeT³ dUecñH rbs´Pik¡ú EdleZVInUvkic©TaMgLay

enaH’ eQμaHza nimitþkmμ .

GMBIkarEsVgrkmankiriyaRtac´eTA edIm|IbiNÐ:tCaedIm nig GMBI

brikza

kalebIBYkRKhsæ eBal za ²bBiRtelakm©as´d*cMerIn etIelak

dl´Pik¡úGñkmanZutg<rkSaehIy

sMNak´énCnTaMgLayEdlRCHzøaehIy

bNþa

bc©&yTaMgLayenaH kñúgcIvr nig biNÐ:t nimitþkmμç OPaskmμç

mankarsMGatEpndICaGaTi¾

bc©&yEdlekIteLIg edayesckþIbrisuTÆi y¨agéRkElg . bc©&y

GñktaMgenA kúñgvgSénRBHGriy;d*ótþm³ .

eQμaHza

mankiriyaRtac´eTAbiNÐ:tCaedIm

EmnBit Pik¡úrUbenH elakehAza ²Pik¡ú

brikza nig viJ¦tþiTaMgLay rEmgminsmKYr dl´Pik¡úRKb´rUbEdl

Rtac´eTAbiNÐ:tCaedIm edayesckþIBüyam . bNþabc©&yEdlekIteLIgbrisuTÆ

karsmaTand*smKYr .

edIm|Iesnasn;

eQμaHza

nimitþkmμç

mYyvijeT[t BaküÉNadéTeT[t EdlmansPaBEbbenH ‘Bakü

kalebIPik¡ú eBalza ²mñaló:sk nig ó:sikaTaMgLay GñkTaMgLayenAkñúgTINa/³ dUecñHç kalebIó:sk nig ó:sika TUlza

²enAkñúgR:saT elakm©as´³ dUecñHç BaküEdlPikú¡eBal


visuTÆimK< ERb

87

88

sIlnieTÞs ‘er]gRBHsarIbuRtmanGaBaZ’

ehIyza ²mñaló:sk nig ó:sikaTaMgLay cMENkR:saT minsmKYrdl´Pik¡úTaMgLayeT³ dUecñHç eQμaHza OPaskmμç mü¨ag

:n»mkza

elakd*manGayuenaH

cMerInbvievk

kúñgsm&y

vijeT[t BaküÉNadéTeT[t EdlmansPaBEbbenH ‘BaküenaH’

mYy CamYynwgRBHmhaemaK<løanetær enAkñúgéRBmYy .

eQμaHza OPaskmμ .

kñúgézámYy GaBaZEdlekItGMBIxül´ kñúgeBaHekIteLIgehIy dl´

BaküEdlPik¡úeBal

za

²esnasn;

énPikú¡sg¹cegÁ{t³

RBHsarIbuRtenaHjúaMgTuk¡d*éRkElgoekIteLIg . enAkñúgeBlláac

eQμaHza brikza ßk* vacaCaehtueBalNadéTeT[t mansPaB

RBHmhaemaK<løanetær

EbbenH ‘vacaCaehtueBalenaH’ eQμaHza briyaykza .

GayuenaH

BaküTaMgGs´hñwgÉg KYrkñúgePsC¢; . eLIgehIy edayRbkardUecñHç qan´minKYreT .

EtebIePsC¢; ekIt

kalebIeraK sáb´rmáab´ehIyç

Pik¡ú

kñúger]gePsC©;EdlekIteLIgy¨agenHenaH Pik¡úGñk

RKaenaH

nimnþeTAkan´TIóbdðak

eXIjRBHezr;sigehIy

rbs´elakd*man

k*sYrdMNwgenaHehIysYr za

²Enelakd*manGayu kñúgkalmunmk esckþIrIkraysb|ay ekIt manehIy dl´elak edayehtudUcemþc/³ . ²mñalelakd*manGayu

RBHezr; eBal za

kñúgkalEdlx\úMenACaRKhsæ

matax\úM:n

RTRTg´nUvRBHvin&yTaMgLay eBalza ²TVar KWRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´

onUv:yas EdlcMGinehIy edayTwkedaHRss´ > minlay

Rtas´RbTanoehIyç

edayTwk pSMedayTwkedaHzøaç TwkXμúMç nig s,rRkamTaMgLay .

eRBaHehtuenaH Pik¡úqan´ePsC¢;KYr³ dUecñH .

cMENkBYkPik¡úGñksikSaRBHsURt

eBaly¨agenHza

man ‘dl´Pik¡ú’ k*BitEmnehIyç

Etza Pik¡ú júaMgGaCIv;okeRmIkç

eRBaHehtuenaH Pik¡úqan´ePsC¢; minKYreT³ . nUvnimitþkmμç

OPaskmμç

brikza

nig

²Gabtþi

min

EtebIPik¡úNa mineZVI

viJ¦tþiTaMgLay

sUm|IRBH

manRBHPaK RTg´GnuJ¦atþehIy GaRs&ynUvKuNmankarR:zñatic CaedImEtmü¨agç

sUm|IkñúgkalCaTIGs´eTAénCIvit

ekIteLIgR:kd

esckþIsb|ay :nmanehIy

dl´x\úMeday:y:yasenaH³ .

cMENkÉ RBHmhaemaK<løanetær d*manGayuenaH eBalza ²mñal elakd*manGayu er]genaHcUrelIkTuksincuHç ebIbuNürbs´x\Mú ß rbs´elakmanç

ebIBitdUecñaHEmn eyIgnwg:n kúñgézáEsÁk³ .

cMENkeTvta EdlfitenAelIedImeQI Rtg´TIbMputénTIc®g,m k*:n»

nUvBaküeBalcrcaKñaenH

rbs´RBHezr;TaMgBIrenaHehIy

ehIyk*edayç k*eRbIR:s´nUvbc©&y EdlekIteLIgehIyEtb¨ueNÑaH

Kitza ²GjnwgjúMag:y:yas oekIteLIgdl´elakm©as´ kñúg

ev[rElgcakkmμ EdlCaehtueZVIGaCIv; okeRmIk manOPaskmμ

ézáEsÁk³ dUecñHehIy k*eTAkan´RtkUlóbdðak rbs´RBHezr; kñúg

CaedIm .

xN;enaHPøamehIy

Pik¡úrUbenH elakehAza ²GñkRbRBwtþpUrpg´éRkeBk³ dUc

CaRBHezr; eQμaHsarIbuRt y¨agenaHÉg .

mYlsrIr;

ekþARkhay oekIteLIgehIy .

rbs´kUnRbusc|g

júaMgesckþI

RKaenaH eTvtaeBalnUvnimitþ KW


visuTÆimK< ERb

89

90

sIlnieTÞs

kiriyarkSa dl´kUnRbusc|genaH nwgBYkjatiEdlmkRbCMuKña za ;

GayuenaH TaMgminjúaMgcitþ oekIteLIgza ²RBHsarIbuRt minqan´

²RbsinebIGñkTaMgLay cat´EcgnUv:y:yas mansPaBEbb

biNÐ:t EdlPik¡úR:kddUcCaGatμaGj naMykmkehIy³ dUecñHeT

enH dl´RBHezr; kñúgézáEsÁk x\úMnwgElg³ .

‘k*’kan´:Rt

eBalza

²kalebI‘karcat´Ecg:y:yas’

BYkjatiTaMgenaH KWGñkmin:nR:b´

Rtg´kNþab´mat´

edayBaküRtwmEtmYym¨at´b¨ueNÑaH

ehIy k*p,ab´kñúgTId*smKYrmYy .

GaBaZrbs´RBHezr; :nCasH

k*edayç BYkeyIg EtgRbeKnPik¡amindac´ dl´RBHezr;TaMgLay³

es|IyehIy RBmCamYyKñanwgkartm,l´Tuk én:y:yas elI

dUecñHehIy kúñgézáTI2 k*:ncak´Ecg:y:yas EdlmansPaB

EpndI .

dUecñaH .

RBHmhaemaK<løanetær nimnþmktaMgBIRBwkRBlwm ehIy

ekIteT[teLIy .

eBalza

²mñalelakd*manGayu

TRmaMEtx\úMRtac´eTAbiNÐ:tehIy kan´Rsuk .

sUmelakenA mkvij³

kñúgTIenHsincuH

dUecñHehIy

k*cUleTA

taMgGMBIézáenaHmk rhUt 45 qñaM GaBaZdUecñaH minEdl

RKaenaH

RBHsarIbuRt

za ²mñalGavuesa

eBaleTAkan´RBHmhaemaK<løanetær

:y:yasEdlekIteLIg

eRBaHGaRs&ynUv

BYkmnusSTaMgenaH eTATTYlkan´yk:Rt rbs´RBH

karsUm edayvaca mansPaBminKYredIm|Iqan´ sUm|IkalebIeBaH

ezr; :njúaMg:Rt oeBjehIy eday:y:yas manRbkar

ev[nZM ecjmkRtac´eTAelIEpndI k*eday³ dUecñHehIy k*bnøWeLIg

dUceBalmkehIy :nRbeKnehIy . KWkarnimnþeTA cMerIn

.

RBHezr; sMEdgnUvGakar;

mnusSTaMgenaH eBalza ²bBiRtelakm©as´ d*

sUmelakm©as´nimnþqan´cuH

eyIgx\úMnwgRbeKn:ydéTeT[t

dl´elakm©as´³ nimnþRBHezr;qan´ehIy k*:nRbeKn:y:yas dak´oeBjkñúg:RtmþgeT[t .

RBHezr; mkehIy begÁancUleTA

Cit eBalza ²mñalsarIbuRt d*manGayu h*cUrelakqan´eTA³ . cMENkRBHezr; eXIjnUv:y:yasenaHehIy kalnwkKit za ²:y:yas CaTIKab´citþéRkeBk ekIteLIgehIy edaybkar; dUcemþchñ@/³dUecñH

eTIb:neXIjmUlehtuEdl:y:yasenaH

ekIteLIgehIy k*eBalza ²mñalemaK<løan;d*manGayu! cUrelak ykecjeTAç biNÐ:t ‘enH’ minKYrnwgqan´eT³ .

Éelakd*man

nUvóTanenH za ;

Rbsi nebIx\ úMKb|I qan´ ehIy

nU vmZu:yasEdlekIteLIg

eRBaHkarbeJ©j nUvvcIviJ¦tþiç

karRbRBwtþieTA

mYyGenøIedayGaCIv; rbs´x\úM k*nwgRtUvtiHed[lehIyç RbsinebIeBaHev[ntUc rbs´x\úM Kb|IecjeTAxageRkA x\úMk*enAEtminKb|ITmøay nUvGaCIv;Cadac´xatç sUm|I lHbg´nUvCIvit ‘k*eday’ k*x\úMenAEteZVIcitþrbs´x\úM o eRtkGrrIkray:nç x\úMev[rcakRsLH nUvkarEsVgrk minsmKYr mYyvijeT[t x\úMnwgmineZVI nUvGensn; EdlRBHBuTÆRTg´sÁb´ex¬ImehIy .


mYyeT[t

visuTÆimK< ERb

91

sUm|Ier]grbs´RBHezr;

eQμaHmhatisS; Edl

GaRs&yenAeT[bKl´eQI sVay

Gs´kald*yUr

nig

CaGñkqan´nUvEpø

briePaK

edaysBVRKb´ y¨agenHÉg . edayesckþIBüayam

y¨agNaç bc©ysnñisSitsIl k*Pik¡úKb|IoseRmc edaybJ¦a

ehtuoseRmc

eRBaHza bc©ysnñisSitsIlenaH manbJ¦aCa eRBaHPav;énbuK<lGñkmanbJ¦a

nUveTas nig GanisgS

CaGñkGaceXIj

kñúgbc©&yTaMgLay .

eRBaHehtuenaH

bc©ysnñisSitsIlenaH KWPik¡úGñklHbg´nUvkarCab´CMBab´kñúgbc©&y ehIy BicarNaedaybJ¦a tamBiZIEdl:neBalmkehIy eTIb eRbIR:s´nUvbc©&yTaMgLay EdlekIteLIgehIyedayZm( d*sm KYr Kb|IoseRmc .

kñúgbc©ysnñisSitsIlenaH

k*karbriePaK man 4 y¨ag

KW ; ezyübriePaK 1ç

briePaKTaMg 4 enaH karbriePaK rbs´Pik¡úRTusþsIl GñkGg<úy

o:nbrisuTÆlÁ

y¨agdUecñaHEdr .

enH KÅCaesckþIvinicä&y EdleZVI

«NbriePaK 1ç TayC¢briePaK 1ç samibriePaK 1 . bNþakar

Kb|IsMGatGaCIv;

Pik¡ú Kb|IoseRmc

kñúgbdilaPkal bnÞab´GMBIevlaEdl:nmkenaH k*minmaneTas

‘31’

CaeRK]gBicarNaeXIjc|as´ minKb|IjúaMgcitþ o

k*GaCIv:risuTÆi

evk¡N;kþI edayGMNacbdikUlbc©evk¡N;kþI Tukdak´ehIy sUm|I

esckþIsnñidðan kñúgbriePaKkalenaH .

Pik¡úGñkman«®nÞIy¾s®gYm bYsedaysTÆa manR:C\a kñúgGensn;eLIy

sIlnieTÞs

eLIy sUm|IkñúgevlaeRbIR:s´ .

bNÐit k*KYrsMEdg kñúger]genHEdr .

ekIteLIg

92

karBicarNa

sUm|IkúñgTIkNþalénRBHsg¹

‘briePaKedaylYc’ .

ezyübriePaK

eQμaHza

karbriePaK rbs´Pik¡úGñkmansIl Edl

minBicarNaehIy eQμaHza «NbriePaK ‘briePaKCabMNul’ . ehtuenaH

cIvr Pik¡úRtUvEtBicarNa ral´ > eBlEdleRbIR:s´ç

biNÐ:t Pik¡úRtUvBicarNaral´ > BMnUtç Pik¡úkalminGacBicarNa edaybkardUecñaH:neT Kb|IBicarNa kñúgkalmunénP&tþ kñúgkal xageRkayénP&tþ kñúgyammun kñúgyamCakNþal nig kñúgyamCa TIbMput‘k*:n’ . Pik¡úenaH

fitenA

zaebI Pik¡úenaH

minBicarNaeTç

GruN rHeLIgç

kñúgTICaTIbriePaKnUvbc©&yCabMNul

.

cMENk

esnasn; Pik¡ú RtUvEtBicarNa ral´ > eBlEdleRbIR:s´ . PaBénPik¡úGñkmanstiCabc©&y kñúgevlaTTYlpg kñúgevlabriePaK

man 2 y¨ag KW ‘BicarNa’ kñúgevla:nnUvbc©&yTaMgLay 1

nUvePsC¢;pg eTIbKYr .

‘BicarNa’ kñúgevlaeRbIR:s´nUvbc©&yTaMgLay 1 .

EmnBit

eZVIsti kñúgevlaTTYlehIy mineZVIsti kñúgevlabriePaKb¨ueNÑaH

kareRbIR:s´ rbs´Pik¡ú GñkeRbIR:s´ nUvbc©&yTaMgLay mancIvr-

eTIbRtUvGabtþiç EtkalebIPik¡úmin:neZVIsti kñúgeBlTTYleT eTA

b|c©&yCaedIm EdlxøÜnBicarNaehIy edayGMNac énZatub|c©-

eZVIsti kñúgeBlEdlbriePaK minRtUvGabtþieLIy .

kalebImanehtuy¨agenHç

kalebIPikú¡


visuTÆimK< ERb ‘32’

93

k*suTÆi man 4 y¨ag KW; eTsnasuTÆi 1ç sMvrsuTÆi 1ç

brieydðisuTÆi 1ç

bc©evk¡NsuTÆi 1ç .

bNþasuTÆi TaMg 4 y¨ag

enaH :tiemak¡sMvrsIl eQμaHza eTsnasuTÆi .

eRBaHza :ti-

emak¡sMvrsIlenaH RBHmanRBHPaK ehAza ²eTsnasuTÆi³ eRBaH «®nÞiysMvrsIl eQμaHza sMvrsuTÆi .

brisuTÆedaykarsMEdg . eRBaHza

«®nÞiysMvrsIlenaH

RBHmanRBHPaK

RTg´Rtas´ehAza

²sMvrsuTÆi³ eRBaHbrisuTÆ edaykars®gYm edaytaMgcitþza ²Gatμa Gj nwgmineZVIy¨agenHeT[teLIy³ . GaCIv:risuTÆisIl eQμaHza

brieydðisuTÆi .

eRBaHGaCIv:risuTÆisIlenaH RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´

Rtas´ehAza ²brieydðisuTÆi³ eRBaHbrisuTÆedaykarEsVgrk énPik¡ú GñklHbg´nUvGensn;

ehIyjúaMgbc©&yTaMgLay

edayZm( edaysmKYr .

bc©evk¡NsuTÆi .

oekIteLIg

bc©ybriePaKsnñisSitsIl

eQμaHza

eRBaHbc©ybriePaKsnñisSitsIlenaH RBHman

RBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ehAza ²bc©evk¡NsuTÆi³ eRBaHbrisuTÆedaykar BicarNa manbkar;dUcRBHGg<Rtas´ehIy . RBHGdðkzacarü eBalBaküenaHza

eRBaHehtuenaH eTIb

²EtminRtUvGabtþi dl´Pik¡úEdl

min:neZVIsti kñúgeBlTTYlehIyeTAeZVIsti kñúgeBlbriePaK³ . ‘33’

karbriePaKnUvbc©&yrbs´RBHesxbuK<l 7 BYk eQμaH

za TayC¢briePaK .

eRBaHza RBHesxbuK<l 7 BYkenaH CabuRt

rbs´RBHmanRBHPaKç

eRBaHehtuenaH buRtTaMgLayenaH CaGñk

TTYl nUvbc©&yTaMgLay EdlCarbs´énbita

eRbIR:s´nUvbc©&y

94

sIlnieTÞs

TaMgLayenaH .

sYrza ²k*buRtTaMgLayenaH briePaKnUvbc©&y

TaMgLay rbs´RBHmanRBHPaK ß ßza briePaKnUvbc©&yTaMgLay rbs´BYkRKhsæ/³ .

eqøIyza ²bc©&yTaMgLayenaHTukCaRKhsæ

TaMgLay RbeKnehIyk*eday k*eQμaHza Carbs´énRBHd*manRBH PaKEdr eRBaHbc©&yTaMgenaH KWRBHd*manRBHPaK RTg´:nGnuJ¦atþ ehIyç eRBaHehtuenaH buRtTaMgLayenaH bNÐit Kb|IRCab za ²briePaKnUvbc©&y rbs´RBHmanRBHPaK³ .

ÉZmμTayaTsURt Ca

eRK]gsMerc kñúgGZikarénTayC¢briePaKenH .

karbriePaK rbs´

RBHxINaRsBTaMgLay eQμaHza samibriePaK . eRBaHza

RBHxINaRsBTaMgLayenaH

eQμaHza

Cam©as´

briePaK eRBaHelakCaGñkknøgnUvPaBénxøÜnCax\úMéntNØa:nehIy. bNþakarbriePaKTaMgenH eTIbKYr dl´Pik¡úTaMgBYg .

samibriePaK

nig

TayC¢briePaK

cMENk«NbriePaK minKYreT .

CaehtueBal kñúgezyübriePaKnu@HÉg minmaneLIy .

vaca

cMENkÉ

karbriePaK rbs´Pik¡úGñkmansIl EdlBicarNaehIy enHÉNaç karbriePaKenaH minEmnCabMNul

eQμaHza

CakarbriePaK

edayPaBCabc©&y

eRBaHPav;énbc©evk¡itbriePaK

CasRtUvcMeBaH

«NbriePaK ßk* dl´nUvkarse®g<aH kñúgTayC¢briePaK:ndUcKña . eRBaHza sUm|IPik¡úGñkmansIl k*RBHmanRBHPaK Rtas´ehAza ²Ca esxbuK<l³ :nEdr eRBaHelakRbkbRBmedaysik¡aenH . k*kñúg karbriePaKTaMgenH samibriePaK RbesIr eRBaHehtuNaç eRBaH ehtuenaH bc©ysnñisSitsIl Pik¡úR:zñanUvsamibriePaK d*RbesIr


visuTÆimK< ERb enaH

BicarNaedaybc©evk¡N;

95

manbkar;dUcelakeBalehIy

briePaK Kb|IoseRmc . EmnBit Pik¡úkaleZVIy¨agenH eQμaHza CaGñkmankiriyaeZVIkic© CaRbRktI . dUcKazaBnÆn¾enH EdlRBHd*manRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´ za

Pik¡úCasavk

manR:C\ad*RbesIr

sþab´nUvZm(Edl

RBHsuKt RTg´sMEdgehIy RtUvBicarNa rYcCamun ehIy swmesB nUvbiNÐ:tç viharç TIedk nig TIGg<úy nig TwksRmab´lagnUvZUlI EdlCab´enA BÆd*sMBt´sg¹adIç eRBaHehtuenaHÉg Pik¡úCaGñkmin RtUvCab´CMBak´

kñúgZm(TaMgLayenH

KWkñúgdMu:yç

kñúgTIedk nig TIGg<úy nig kñúgTwksRmab´lag nUvZUlI EdlCab´enA BÆd*sMBt´sg¹adI dUcCatMNk´ énTwk EdlminCab´enAelIsøwkQUk Ég .

‘1’

y¨agenaH

Pik¡úenaH manstisμartI tm,l´x¢ab´er]y>

ehIy :nnUvbc©&yTaMgLay eRBaHesckþIGnueRKaH GMBICndéT tamkal Kb|IdwgnUvRbmaN kñúgvtæú EdlxøÜnKb|ITMBasIuç nig

kñúgvtæúEdlxøÜnKb|IbriePaK

kñúgvtæúEdlxøÜnKb|IliTÆCJ¢k´

eRb[bdUcCaRKU

eBTüdwgRbmaN kñúgkiriyaduHeLIgéndMe¶ eday karlabzñaM y¨agdUecñaHç 1- suÇ xuÇ sutþÇ

Pik¡ú minRtUvCab´citþ kñúg

PaKTI 54 TMB&rTI 126 .

96

sIlnieTÞs

Gahar qan´Gahar bMNgoRKan´EtjúaMgGtþPaB oRbRBwtþeTA:n dUcCamatabitasIunUvsac´rbs´kUn ‘kMdrGtþPaB TaMgeTIsTal´’ kñúgpøÚvEdlqáaydac´ Rsyalç dUcCaGñkbrreTH labnUvxøaj´ePøAreTH ‘esaHEtxanmin:n’ y¨agdUecñaHÉg . k*kñúgPaBCaGñkbMeBjCaRbRktI

kñúgbc©ysnñisSitsIlenH

bNÐit RtUvsMEdger]gPaKienyüsg¹rk¡itsameNr . sameNrenaH BicarNaedayRbéBehIyeTIbqan´ . smdUcCaBaküEdlsameNrenaH eBalza ;

RBHóbCÄay¾ R:b´x\úMEdlkMBugqan´ nUv:yénRsUv salId*RtCak´RsYl za ²EnsameNrÉg kMuCaGñk mins®gYmehIy júaMgGNþatoeqHeLIy³ x\úM:n» sMd I R BHóbCÄay¾ e hI y

k* : nnU v esckþ I tk´ s ø ú t

kñúgeBlenaH x\úMGg<úyehIy elIGasn;mYy :n luHehIynUvRBHGrhtþ x\úMenaHmanesckþIRtiHriHeBj eljehIy dUcCaRBHcnÞ kñúgézá 15 ekIt y¨ag enaHÉg CaGñkmanGasv;TaMgBYg Gs´rlIgehIy «LÚvenH PBzμIElgmaneT[teLIy . sUm|IbBVCitdéTeT[t

ehtuenaH

kalR:zñanUvkiriyaGs´eTA

énesckþITuk¡ Kb|IBicarNa edayó:yénR:C\a ehIy swmeRbIR:s´nUvbc©&yTaMgLaycuH .

eRBaHza


visuTÆimK< ERb sIl

man

4

Rbkar

97

edayGMNacén:tiemak¡sMvrsIl

CaedIm y¨agdUecñHÉg .

bNÐit

kñúgRkumsIl 5 TI 1 éncMENksIl manRbkar 5

Kb|IRCabesckþIGtæaZib|ay

Gnubsm|nñsIlCaedIm . eBalehIy sIl

edayGMNacénsIl

man

EmnBaküenH RBHZmμesnabtIsarIbuRt

kñúgbdismÖiTaza

²briynþ:risuTÆisIl

etIdUcemþc/

rbs´Gnubsm|nñTaMgLay Gñkmansik¡abT CaTIbMputenH

eQμaHza briynþ:risuTÆisIlç Gbriynþ:risuTÆisIl etIdUcemþc / sIl rbs´Gnubsm|nñTaMgLay Gñkmansik¡abT minmanTIbMput enH eQμaHza Gbriynþ:risuTÆisIlç bribuNÑ:risuTÆisIl etIdUc emþc/

sIl rbs´klüaNbuzuC¢nTaMgLay GñkRbkbehIy kñúg

kuslZm(TaMgLay

GñkmankiriyaeZVIoeBjeljbribUN(

kñúg

TIbMput énRBHesxbuK<l minCab´CMBak´ kñúgragkay nig CIvit manCIvitlHbg´ehIy

enH

eQμaHza

Gbramdð:risuTÆisIl etIdUcemþc/

bribuNÑ:risuTÆisIlç

sIl rbs´RBHesxbuK<l 7

BYkenH eQμaHza Gbramdð:risuTÆisIlç bdib|sSTÆi:risuTÆisIl etIdUcemþc/

.

sIl

rbs´RBHxINaRsBTaMgLay

rbs´RBHtzaKtç

sIl

rbs´RBHtzaKt

Grhnþ

rbs´RBHbec©kBuTÆTaMgLayç smμasm¬úTÆTaMgLayenH

Casav&k sIl eQμaHza

bNÐit Kb|IRCabza ²sbriynþ:risuTÆisIl³ eRBaHsIlenaH man edayGMNacénkarrab´

.

sIl

rbs´Gnubsm|nñTaMg

Lay bNÐit Kb|IRCabza ²eQμaHzaGbriynþ:risuTÆisIl³ dUecñH eRBaHsMedAyknUvsbriynþsIl

edayGMNackarrab´xøH

sIl rbs´Gnubsm|nñTaMgLay

nUvPaB

KWkarsmaTan edayGMNacénsIlminmanesssl´xøH nUvPaB énsIlEdlminEmnCasIl mankareXIj edayGMNacénlaPç ysç jatiç Gvyv; nig CIvit CaTIbMput

dUcCasIl rbs´RBH

mhatisSetærGñkGaRs&yenAeT[bKl´eQIGs´kalminyUr qan´nUv EpøsVay y¨agenH za ;

sik¡abTTaMgLayEdlCaeRK]gs®gYm nig Cavin&y TaMgenH mancMnYn R:MbYnBan´ekadi nig Eb¨tsib ryekadi nig epSgeT[thasibEsn nig samsib R:MmYyepSg> eT[t ‘rYmRtUvCamYymuWn R:MBIrBan´ ekadi R:Mlan samsibR:MmYy’ KWRBHsm¬úTÆ RTg´ RbkasehIyç

kñúgvinysMvr;

RBHGg<RTg´sMEdg

ehIy edayRbZan KWesckþIbMRBYj . BitdUecñaHEmn

elakd*manGayuGg<enaH

minlHbg´nUvsti

CaeRK]grlwker]y> dl´Zm(rbs´sb|úrsenH za ;

²nrCn Kb|IlHbg´nUvRTBü eRBaHehtuénGvyv;

bdib|sSTÆi:risuTÆisIl³ . bNþasIlTaMgLayenaH

sIlnieTÞs

TIbMput

‘RkumsIl 5 TI 1’ ‘34’

98

d*RbesIr kalrkSanUvCIvit Kb|IlHbg´nUvGvyv;


visuTÆimK< ERb

99

kalrlwk nUvZm(er]y> Kb|IlHbg´TaMgGvyv; TaMg RTBü TaMgCIvit TaMgGs´pg³ dUecñH min:nRbRBwtþknøgnUvsik¡abT GaRs&yehIy

sUm|IkúñgesckþIsgS&y

nUvGbriynþ:risuTÆisIlenaHÉg

kñúgCIvit

TaMgenAelIxñg

énó:sk :nseRmcehIynUvRBHGrhtþ .

minEmnCajati

minEmnCabita

mansIlç

TaMgminEmnCamata

‘RBHezr;’

eRBaHehtu

énGñk

júaMgesckþIsegVKtk´søút

oekIteLIgehIy BicarNa edayó:yénR:C\a TaMgenAelIxñgénó:skenaH mancitþsáb´rmáab´ :n seRmcehIy nUvRBHGrhtþ . sIl

rbs´klüaNbuzuC¢nTaMgLay

EdlR:scakmnÞil

sUm|IRKan´EtjúaMgcitþoekIteLIg eRBaHCasIlEdlbrisuTÆéRkeBk hak´bIdUcCaEkvmNIekItÉg

EdlbuK<lxat´ehIy

edaylÁpg

hak´dUcCamasEdlCageZVIbrikmμlÁehIypg taMgBIeBlEdl:n óbsm|&Tmk

CaehtuCaTItaMgénRBHGrhtþBit

eTIbRBHmanRBHPaK Rtas´za

‘er]gRBHmhasg¹rk¡itetær’ :n»mkza elakutþrZm(

RBHPik¡úsg¹ sYrnUvehtuCaeRK]gRtas´dwg nUv

cMeBaHRBHmhasg¹rk¡itetær

eRBaHehtuenaH

²bribuNÑ:risuTÆisIl³ dUcCasIl

RBHmhasg¹rk¡itetær nig RBHPaKienyüsg¹rk¡itetær dUecñaHÉg .

EdlmanvsSa

60

knøgehIy sigenAelIERKCaEdlTImrN; . RBHezr; eqøIytbza ²elakutþrZm( rbs´x\úMminmaneT³ . rbs´RBHezr;enaH

lMdab´enaH Pik¡úkemøaH Edl

eBalza

mnusSTaMgLay RbmaN 12 eyaCn¾

TaMgminEmnCaepABgS rbs´GñkeT

Kat´eZVIkic© mansPaBEbbenH

sIlnieTÞs

Caóbdðak

smdUcCaRBHmhatisSetær eBalehIyza ;

ó:skrUbenH

100

ehIy

edayKitza

²bBiRtelakm©as´d*cMerIn edayCMuvij Gg<úyRbCMuKña

²elakm©as´briniBVanehIy³

dUecñHç

esckþI

sþayeRkay rbs´mhaCn nwgmaneRBaHkalkiriyaEdlCabuzuC¢n rbs´elakm©as´³ .

RBHezr;eBal za ²mñalGavuesa x\úMmin:n

taMgepþImvibsSna edayR:zña za ²x\úMnwgCYbRBHd*manRBHPaKRBH namemetþyü³

dUecñHç

ebIdUecñaH

cUrGñkjúaMgx\úMoGg<úyehIy

o

nUvOkas³ .

Pik¡úkemøaHenaH júaMgRBHezr;oKg´ehIy k*ecj

eTAxageRkA .

RBHezr;seRmcehIynUvRBHGrhtþ RBmCamYyKña

nwgkarecjeTAxageRkA énPik¡úkemøaHenaHÉg :nonUvsJ¦a eday Rmaméd . RBHsg¹Gg<úyRbCMuKñaehIyeBalza ²bBiRtelakm©as´ d*cMerIn

elakm©as´

mrNkal

júaMgelakutþrZm(

mansPaBEbbenH

eZVI:nedaykRm³ .

oekIteLIg

eQμaHza

kñúgsm&y

:neZVIkic©EdlbuK<l

RBHezr; eBalza ²mñalGavuesaTaMgLay

GMeBIenHminEmn KWbuK<leZVI:nedaykRmeTç mü¨ageT[t x\úMnwgR:b´ nUvGMeBIEdlbuK<leZVI:nedaykRm dl´GñkTaMgLayç mñalelak d*manGayuTaMgLay

cab´taMgGMBIeBlEdlx\úMbYsehIy

x\úMmin


visuTÆimK< ERb

101

102

sIlnieTÞs

nwknUvkmμ Edlx\úMeZVIehIy edaykarmindwg eRBaHminmanstieT³ . cMENkkμÜyrbs´RBHezr;enaH

:nsMercRBHGrhtþ

eRcIn RTRTg´nUvRBHZm( GñkmanbJ¦a CaBuTÆsav&k

y¨agenHEdr

enaH EdldUcCadMu énmasCm¬ÚnT:nç sUm|IeTvta

kñúgkalmanvsSa 50 .

nig mnusSTaMgLay k*rEmgsresIr nUvbuK<lenaHç

‘ RBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ za ; ’

ebIbuK<lmanesckþIecHdwgtic enAkñúgsIlTaMgLayç

TaMgmin:nfit

GñkR:C\TaMgLay rEmgtiH

ed[lbuuK<lenaH edayehtu 2 y¨ag KW sIl 1 esckþIecHdwg 1 . ebIbuK<lmanesckþIecHdwgtic

EtfitenAx¢ab´x¢Ün

kñúgsIlTaMgLayç GñkR:C\TaMgLay rEmgsresIr nUvbuK<lenaH

EtedaysIlç

sUm|IRBhμ k*sresIrEdr

k*b¨uEnþesckþIecHdwg

min:nseRmc dl´buK<lenaHeT . ebIb uK<lmanesckþIecHdwgeRcIn

cMENkxagsIl RCabza

edayGMNacénPB

kudum¬iybutþtisSetær .

rbs´buzuC¢nTaMgLay

Kb|I

Kb|IRCab

eRb[bdUcCasIl rbs´RBH

esckþIza elakd*manGayuGg<enaH man

bMNgnwgGaRs&ynUvsIlmansPaBEbbenaH

Gatμa

ehIyfitenA

kñúg

nwgs®gYmdl´Gñk

søab´ RbkbedayraK; Gatμa luHKit y¨agenHehIy eTIbBicarNa

TaMgfitenAx¢ab´

edayó:yénR:C\aç

kalebIRBH

GruN rHeLIgehIyç k*:nseRmcnUvRBHGrhtþ .

GñkR:C\TaMgLay Etg

nUvbuK<lGñkmanesckþIecHdwg

bM:k´nUveCIgTaMgBIrehIy

TaMgLayç Gatμa en]yNayZujRTan´ nUvesckþI

EtesckþI

esckþIecHdwg 1 . KYrninÞa

bNÐit

eRBaHPav;énsIlenaH minBal´

za ²Gbramdð:risuTÆisIl³ dUecñH

Etmi n:nfit

sresIrnUvbuK<lenaH edayehtu 2 y¨ag KW sIl 1 GñkNa

²Gbramdð:risuTÆisIl³

RtUvehIy

ecHdwg rEmgseRmc dl´buK<lenaH . x¢Ün kñúgsIlTaMgLayç

rbs´esxbuK<lTaMgLay

RBHGrhtþ eTIbeBalnwgmnusSGñkmaneB[rTaMgLay za ;

EtedaysIlç

ebIbuK<lmanesckþIecHdwgeRcIn

.

RtUvehIy edayGMNacénTidðiç mü¨agvijeT[t sIlEdlminBal´

enAx¢ab´x¢Ün kñúgsIlTaMgLayeTç GñkR:C\TaMgLay rEmgtiHed[lbuuK<lenaH

‘1’

RBHmhaezr mYyrUbeT[t Gahar 1-

manCMgWy¨agxøaMg minGacqan´ nUv

edayédxøÜnÉg:neLIy sigbRmHnen[leTAmk enAelI

suÇ

GMÇ cÇ

PaKTI 42 TMB&rTI 16 .


visuTÆimK< ERb

103

mURt nig krIs rbs´xøÜn .

Pik¡úkemøaH mYyrUbeT[t eXIjnUvRBH

mhaezrenaHehIy

²O! CIvit

Tuk¡ GVIemø¨HeT³ .

eBalza

104

sIlnieTÞs

cab´ C ani c ©

nig sg¡arTaMgLay Ca

CaZmμtaç

RBHmhaezr R:b´Pik¡úenaH za ²mñalelakd*man

vegVgehIy

Gayu x\úMkalsøab´«LÚvenH Kg´:nnUvsm|tþi KWfansYK( esckþI sgS&y kúñgCIvit rbs´x\úM minmaneTç

RKhsæ EdlPik¡úlacaksik¡abTehIy Kitza

²GatμaGjnwgsøab´

sigenAdEdl

:nmkdUecñaH³ dUecñHehIy

CamYynwgsIloTal´Et:n³

BicarNaeraKenaHÉg

k*dl´nUvRBHGrhtþ

Büakr edayKazaTaMgenH dl´Pik¡úsg¹ za ;

kalx\úM RtUvBüaZiNamYyBal´RtUvehIy KWeraKeb[t eb[nehIy eZVIoRTuDeRTamy¨agxøaMg sakGsuPenH nwgeRk[msáÜt y¨agqab´rh&s eRb[bdUcCap,aEdl buK<lecalehIy

elIGacm¾dI

qab´eRk[msáÜt y¨agdUecñaHç eBjcitþ

EtbuK<lBaleBal

nakNþalézáekþA

rUbenH Carbs´minCaTI za

Carbs´EdlCa

TIeBjcitþç rUbenH minsÁat EtbuK<lBalsnμt za Carbs´EdllÁsÁateTAvijç

rUbenH eBareBjeTA

edaysaksBepSg> EtRtLb´eTACarUb EdlCaTI eBjcitþ

dl´buK<lGñkEdlmineXIjc|as´

‘tam

esckþIBit’ç esckþItHi ed[l nUvkayEdlsÁúy QW

dUecñH ehIy

BYkstVTaMgLay

mi n sÁ a t

manBüaZi

RbmaTehIy

kñúgkaysÁúyÉNaç

Qøk´

‘kaysÁúyenaH’

júaMgmK< edIm|IcUleTAekIt kñúgfansYK( ovinas .

Etza Zmμtasm|tþi Edlx\úM

RtUvTmøay nUvsIlenHehIy :nmk k*R:kdesμI edayPaBCa

mankø i n mi n lÁ

cMENk sIl rbs´RBHGriyTaMgLay manRBHGrhnþCaedIm bNÐit Kb|IRCab za ²bdib|sSTÆi:risuTÆisIl³ eRBaHPav;énsIl enaH

CasIlbrisuTÆ

RkvayTaMgBYg .

edaykarsáb´rmáab´ nUvkielseRK]gRkvl´ sIl man 5 Rbkar

edayGMNacénsIl

manGbriynþ:risuTÆisIlCaedIm edayRbkardUecñHÉg . ‘RkumsIl 5 TI 2’ ‘35’ kñúgbJ©ksIl TI 2 bNÐit Kb|IRCabesckþIGZib|ay edayGMNacKuN

mankarlHbg´CaedIm

man:Nati:tCaGaTi¾ .

nUveTasTaMgLay

EmnBit BaküenH RBHZmμesnabtI-

sarIbuRt eBalehIy kñúgbdismÖiTa za ²sIlTaMgLay 5 KW; karlHbg´nUv:Nati:t

eQμaHza sIlç

ectna CaeRK]gev[r

eQμaHza sIlç ectna eQμaHza sIlç esckþIs®gYm eQμaHza sIlç

karminRbRBwtþiknøg eQμaHza sIl .

karlHbg´nUv

GTinñaTanç kaemsumicäacarç musavaTç prusvacaç smöb|lab;ç GPiCÄaç Büa:Tç micäaTidði

eQμaHza sIl . karlHbg´nUvkamqnÞ;

edayenk¡mμ;ç lHbg´Büa:T edaykarminBüa:Tç lHbg´zInmiTÆ; edayesckþIsm<al´ kñúgBnøÅç

lHbg´nUvóTÆc©; edaykarminray


visuTÆimK< ERb

105

106

sIlnieTÞs

mayç lHbg´vic©ikicäa edaykarkMNt´nUvZm(ç lHbg´GviC¢a eday

edayGaTInvanubsSnaç

jaNç lHbg´Grtieday:emaC¢;ç lHbg´nIvrN;TaMgLayeday

nubsSnaç

bfmQanç lHbg´vitk,; nig vicar; edayTutiyQanç lHbg´

edayvivdþanubsSnaç lHbg´nUvkielsTaMgLayEdlCaTItaMgénTidði

bIti edayttiyQanç lHbg´sux nig Tuk¡ edayctutæCÄanç lH

edayesatabtþimK<ç lHbg´nUvkielsTaMgLay EdleRKatRKat

bg´rUbsJ¦aç bdiXsJ¦aç nantþsJ¦a edayGakasanJ©aytn-

edayskTaKamimK<ç lHbg´nUvkielsTaMgLay EdlRbRBwtþeTA

smabtþiç lHbg´GakasanJ©aytnsJ¦a edayviJ¦aNJ©aytn

RBmedaylÁit edayGnaKamimK<ç lHbg´kielsTaMgBYgTaMgLay

smabtþiç lHbg´nUvviJ¦aNJ©aytnsJ¦a edayGakiJ©J¦aytn

edayGrhtþmK<

smabtþiç lHbg´nUvGakiJ©J¦aytnsJ¦a edayenvsJ¦anasJ¦a

ectna eQμaHza sIlç sMvr; eQμaHza sIlç karminRbRBwtþiknøg

ytnsmabtþiç lHbg´nUvnic©sJ¦a edayGnic©anubsSnaç lHbg´

eQμaHza sIlç sIlTaMgLay mansPaBEbbenH RbRBwtþeTARBm

nvUsuxsJ¦a GntþanubsSnaç

edayTuk¡anubsSnaç

lHbg´nUvGtþsJ¦a

lHbg´nUvesckþIeRtkGr

lHbg´karminBicarNa

lHbg´karRbkan´sÁit

eQμaHza sIlç

edaybdisg¡a-

edayGMNacénkarRbkbRBm

karev[rcak eQμaHza sIlç

eday

edIm|IkarminekþARkhaysþayeRkayéncitþ RbRBwtþeTAedIm|I:emaC¢;

edayniBViTanubsSnaç

RbRBwtþeTARBmedIm|IbIti RbRBwtþeTARBmedIm|IbsSTÆi RbRBwtþeTAedIm|I

eday

esamnsS RbRBwtþeTAedIm|IesBo:neRcIn RbRBwtþeTAedIm|IPavna

nieraZanubsSnaç lHbg´nUvPav; éncitþmincg´rYcput edaymuJ©itu-

RbRBwtþeTAedIm|IeZVIo:neRcIn RbRBwtþeTARBmedIm|IZm(EdlCaeRK]g

kamütanubsSnaç lHbg´esckþIRbkan´ edaybdinisSK<anubsSnaç

Rbdab´ RbRBwtþeTAedIm|IeRK]gbrik¡ar RbRBwtþeTAedIm|IeRK]gEGbEnb

lHbg´nUvXnsJ¦a

RbRBwtþeTAedIm|IbMeBjbJ¦a

lHbg´nUvraK;

edayviraKanubsSnaç

lHbg´nUvsmuTy;

edayxyanubsSnaç

lHbg´nUvkiriyacMerIn

RbRBwtþeTAedIm|IesckþIen]yNay

énGayu edayvyanubsSnaç lHbg´ZuvsJ¦a edayvibriNama-

edaycMENkmYy RbRBwtþeTAedIm|IR:scakraK; edIm|InieraZ edIm|I

nubsSnaç

óbsm; edIm|IGPiJ¦a edIm|IkarRtas´dwg edIm|IniBVan ‘1’³ dUecñH .

lHbg´nUvkielsEdlCanimitþ

edayGnimitþanubsSnaç lH

k*bNþaZm(TaMg 5 Rbkar manbhan;CaedImenaH eQμaHza

lHbg´Zm(Caehtu

Zm(NanImYy EdlelakehAza ²bhan;³ minmaneT elIkElg

enAGaRs&yénkarRbkan´za manxøwmsar edaykareXIjc|as´ nUv

RtwmEtZmμ KWkarminekIteLIg éneTasTaMgLay man:Nati:t

Zm( edayGZib|J¦aç lHbg´nUvkarRbkan´x¢ab´ edayesckþIvegVg

CaedIm manRbkardUceyIg:neBalehIyEtmü¨ag . EtkarlHbg´

lHbg´nUvkielsEdlCaTItaMg bg´nUvkarRbkan´sÁit

edayGb|NihitanubsSnaç

edaysuJ¦tanubsSnaç

edayyzaPUtJ¦aNTsSn;ç lHbg´nUvkarRbkan´x¢ab´ kñúgGal&y

1–

suÇ

xuÇ bdiÇ PaKTI 69 TMB&rTI 106 .


visuTÆimK< ERb enaH>

CaeRK]gcUleTARTRTg´

107

edayesckþIza

CaeRK]gtm,l´nUv

108

sIlnieTÞs

cuHsPav;GVI

CaesckþIesAhμg/

nig

ZmμCatGVI

CaesckþIpUrpg´

kuslZm(enaH> pg nig CaeRK]grYbrYm eRBaHkiriyaeZVIminoman

énsIlenaH/ .

PaBrat´raypg eRBaHehtuNaç eRBaHehtuenaH ‘karlHbg´enaH’

mankardac´CaedIm CaesckþIesAhμgénsIl . PaBénKuN man

RBHmanRBHPaKRtas´ehAza ²sIl³ eRBaHesckþIza RbRktI ‘b\s

karmindac´CaedIm CaesckþIpUrpg´énsIl .

eyIgnwgeBal kñúgbJØakmμenaH .

Kl´’ eBalKWkiriyacUleTACit RTRTg´ nig kiriyarYbrYm tamn&y EdleyIgeBalehIy kñúgxagedImn@uHÉg .

PaBéneTas

‘esckþIesAhμgénsIl’

Zm(TaMgLay 4 eRkA

cMENkxagPaBénsIldac´CaedImenaH

KWelakse®g<aHehIy

GMBIenH RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´ehIy eRBaHsMedAykkarRbRBwtþi

edaykarEbkZøay ‘énsIl’ EdlmanlaP nig ys CaedIm

eTAÉg éncitþ edayGMNacénkarev[rcakeTasenaH > pg eday

Caehtu 1 edayemzunsMeyaK 7 Rbkar 1 .

GMNackars®gYm‘biT’ nUveTasenaH> pg edayGMNacénectna RbkbRBm

edayevrmNIsIl

nig

edayGMNacénkarminRbRBwtþiknøg nUv:Nati:tenaH> pg .

sMvrsIl

TaMgBIrenaHpg

rbs´Pik¡úNa

sik¡abT

Rtg´

Casik¡abTZøayehIyç

cMENkesckþIza Zm( 4 y¨ag man

ZøúHRtg´TIbMput‘Cay’ç Ésik¡abT rbs´Pik¡úNa ZøayehIy Rtg´TI

sIl 5 Rbkar edayGMNacénsIl

cMENkkaredaHRsay nUvbJØaTaMgLayenH za ²ZmμCatGVI sIl/ç

Rtg´xagcugkþI

7

sIl rbs´Pik¡úenaH eQμaHza CasIldac´ ‘ZøúH’ dUcsMBt´sakd

manbhansIlCaedIm y¨agenHÉg .

eQμaHza

xagedImkþI

kñúgkgénGabtþiTaMgLay

énbuK<lGñkminRbRBwtþknøg

evrmNIsIlCaedImenaH CasIl KWRBHd*manRBHPaK RTg´Rbkas ehIy kñúgkalmunn@uHÉg .

BitdUecñaHEmn

sIl edayGtæza

dUcemþc/ç

ZmμCatiGVI

Ca

lk¡N;ç Cakic©ç Caehtu nig Capl rbs´sIlenaH/ç sIl man GanisgSb¨unμany¨ag/ç sIlenH manb¨unμanRbkar/³ dUecñH :ncb´ eRscehIy edayehtumanRbmaNb¨ueNÑHÉg . ‘esckþIesAhμg nig pUrpg´énsIl’ ‘36’ cMENkbJØakmμNa EdlRBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´za

cMBak´kNþal sIl rbs´Pik¡úenaH eQμaHza sIlZøúH dUcsMBt´ sadkZøúHRtg´kNþal .

sik¡abTTaMgLay 2-3

rbs´Pik¡úNa

ZøayehIy tamlMdab´niglMdab´ç sIl rbs´Pik¡úenaH eQμaHza sIlBBal dUcCaemeKamanbNþasm|úrénsrIr;TaMgLay manexμA nig

RkhmCaedIm

esμIR:s

sm|úrNamYy

edaysm|úrEdlmancMENk

taMgeLIgehIy enARtg´xñgxøH

Rtg´eBaHxøH .

sik¡abT

TaMgLay rbs´Pik¡úNa ZøayenARtg´cenøaH nig cenøaHç sIl rbs´ Pik¡úenaH eQμaHza sIlBRBus dUcCaemeKaEdlviciRtehIy eday tMNk´Twk manBN(EdlmancMENkesμIeTAR:sehIyRtg´cenøaH> dUecñaH .

Pav;énsIldac´CaedIm edaykarEbkZøay

‘énsIl’


visuTÆimK< ERb

109

110

sIlnieTÞs

EdlmanlaP nig ysCaedImCaehtu rEmgman y¨agdUecñHÉg .

matuRKamç buK<lenaH rEmgeRtkGr edaykarenAcMGkLkLWy Ca

‘emzunsMeyaK 7’

edImenaH .l. tzaKtehAza eKrEmgminrYcputcakTuk¡:neLIy.

‘ÉPav;énsIldac´CaedIm’

edayGMNacemzunsMeyaK

Rbkar bNÐitKb|IRCab dUcteTAenH .

7

smdUcCaRBHmanRBHPaK

RTg´Rtas´ehIy ‘kñúgemzunsMeyaKenaHza’ ;

mñalRBahμN¾ mYyeT[t buK<lxøH kñúgelakenH CasmN; ß

CaRBahμN¾

.l.

min:nb¨HBal´cMeBaHkarb¨HBal´

eday

buK<lBIr>‘esBemzun’ mYyGenIøedaymatuRKameT TaMgmineRtkGr

²mñalRBahμN¾ buK<lxøH kñúgelakenH CasmN; ß Ca

nwgkardusxat´ .l. TaMgmincMGkLkLWy esIckÁakkÁayCamYy

RBahμN¾ ebþC\aza CaGñkRbRBwtþZm(d*RbesIr edayRbéB min:n

nwgmatuRKameTç Etza rEmgenAem[ged[g nUvEPñkedayEPñk cMeBaH

b¨HBal´cMeBaHkarb¨HBal´

mYy

matuRKamç buK<lenaHrEmgeRtkGr nwgkarem[ged[gnUvEPñk eday

GenIøedaymatuRKameT Etza rEmgeRtkGrnwgkardusxat´nYtç páÚtç

EPñkenaH .l. tzaKtehAza eKrEmgminrYcputcakTuk¡:neLIy.

Rc:c´

rbs´matuRKamç

edaybuK<lBIr>

buK<lenaH

‘esBemzun’

rEmgeRtkGrnwgkardusxat´

mñalRBahμN¾ mYyeT[t buK<lxøH kñúgelakenH CasmN;

enaH rIkraynwgkardusxat´enaH nig dl´nUvesckþIeRtkGr eday

ß CaRBahμN¾

kardusxat´CaedImenaHç mñalRBahμN¾ enHÉg ehAza kardac´pg

buK<lBIr>‘esBemzun’ mYyGenIøedaymatuRKameT TaMgmineRtkGr

ZøúHpg

nwgkardusxat´énmatuRKameT TaMgmincMGkLkLWy esIckÁakkÁay

BBalpg

buK<lenH brisuTÆ

BRBuspg

tzaKtehAza

énRBhμcriyZm(ç

mñalRBahμN¾

buK<lRbRBwtþRBhμcriyZm(

CaGñkRbkbedayemzunsMeyaK

.l.

min:nb¨HBal´cMeBaHkarb¨HBal´ eday

min:n

CamYynwgmatuRKameTç TaMgminenAem[ged[g .l. cMeBaHmatuRKam

rEmgminrYcputcakCatiç

eT . Etza buK<lenaH rEmgsþab´nUvsMeLgénmatuRKam Edlkal

Cra nig mrN;ç esak;ç brieTv;ç Tuk¡;ç eTamnsS;ç ó:yas;ç

esckþIniyaykþI

tzaKt ehAza eKrEmgminrYccakTuk¡:neLIy .

buK<lenaH rEmgeRtkGr edaykarsþab´sMeLgCaedImenaH .l.

mñalRBahμN¾ mYyeT[t buK<lxøH kñúgelakenH CasmN; ß

CaRBahμN¾

ebþC\aza

CaGñkRbRBwtþZm(d*RbesIr

rEmgminb¨HBal´cMeBaHkarb¨HBal´ mYyGenIøedaymatuRKameT

edaybuK<lBIr>

edayRbéB ‘esBemzun’

TaMgmineRtkGrnwgkardusxat´

eRc[gkþI yMkþI xageRkACJ¢aMg ß xageRkAkMEBgç

tzaKt ehAza eKrEmgminrYcputcakTuk¡:neLIy . mñalRBahμN¾ mYyeT[t buK<lxøH kñúgelakenH CasmN; ß CaRBahμN¾

.l.

min:nb¨HBal´cMeBaHkarb¨HBal´ eday

.l.

buK<lBIr>‘esBemzun’ mYyGenIøedaymatuRKameT TaMgmineRtkGr

énmatuRKameT EtzarEmgenAcMGkLkLWyesIckÁakkÁayCamYynwg

nwgkardusxat´énmatuRKameT TaMgmincMGkLkLWy esIckÁakkÁay


visuTÆimK< ERb

111

112

sIlnieTÞs

CamYynwgmatuRKameTç TaMgminenAem[ged[g .l. cMeBaHmatuRKam

buK<lenaH rEmgRbRBwtþnUvRBhμcriyZm( edIm|IR:zñanUveTBnikay

eTç TaMgminsþab´nUvsMeLgénmatuRKam EdlkalyMkþI .l. Etza

NamYyza ²GjsUmo:nCaeTvta eTaHCaeTvtaNamYy eday

buK<lenaH rEmgrlwker]y> nUvehtuEdlZøab´esIc Zøab´niyay

sIlenHpg edayvtþenHpg edaytb;enHpg edayRBhμcriyZ(m

Zøab´elg CamYynwgmatuRKam kñúgkalBIedImç buK<lenaH rEmg

enHpg³ dUecñHç

eRtkGrnwgkarZøab´:nesIc CamYynwgmatuRKamCaedImenaH

nwgZm(enaH

.l.

tzaKt ehAza eKrEmgminrYcputcakTuk¡:neLIy .

CaRBahμN¾

.l.

min:nb¨HBal´cMeBaHkarb¨HBal´

nig

dl´nUvesckþIeRtkGr

cMeBaHZm(enaHç

mñal

RBahμN¾ sUm|IesckþIeRtkGr edIm|Icg´ekItCaeTvtaenH k*ehAza

mñalRBahμN¾ mYyeT[t buK<lxøH kñúgelakenH CasmN; ß

buK<lenaH rEmgeRtkGrnwgZm(enaH rEmgrIkray

eday

ZøúHpgç BBalpgç BRBuspg énRBhμcriyZm( ‘1’ ³

kardac´pgç dUecñHÉg .

buK<lBIr> ‘esBemzun’ mYyGenIøedaymatuRKameT .l. TaMgmin

Pav;énsIl mansIldac´CaedIm bNÐit Kb|IRCabza ²RBH

rlwker]y> nUvehtuEdlZøab´esIc Zøab´niyay Zøab´elg CamYy

manRBHPaK RTg´se®g<aHehIy edaykarEbkZøay ‘énsIl’ Edl

nwgmatuRKam kñúgkalBIedImeTç

Etza buK<lenaH rEmgeXIjnUv

KhbtI ßk* KhbtibuRt Edls,b´s,l´ mUlmiRt maneKbeRmI

manlaP

nig ysCaedImCaehtu 1

Rbkar 1³ dUc:neBalmkehIy . ‘esckþIpUrpg´énsIl’

edaykamKuN 5ç buK<lenaH rEmgeRtkGrnwgkareXIjnUvKhbtI ß

KhbtibuRt

kamKuN 5 enaH

Edls,b´s,l´ .l.

mUlmiRt

tzaKt ehAza

eday

cMENkxagPav;énsIl mansIlmindac´CaedIm elakrYbrYm

eKrEmgminrYcputcak

ehIy edaykarminEbkZøaynUvsik¡abTTaMgLay edayRbkarTaMg

maneKbeRmI

BYg 1

Tuk¡:neLIy . mñalRBahμN¾ mYyeT[t buK<lxøH kñúgelakenH CasmN; ß

CaRBahμN¾

.l.

edayemzunsMeyaK 7

min:nb¨HBal´cMeBaHkarb¨HBal´

eday

edaykarsMEdg nUvGabtþiTaMgLayEdlZøayehIy

xøÜnKb|IsMEdg:n 1

Edl

edaykarminmanénemzunsMeyaK 7 Rbkar

1 edayesckþIlÁdéTeT[t

KÅ edaykiriyaminekIteLIgén:bZ(m

buK<lBIr> ‘esBemzun’ mYyGenIøedaymatuRKameT .l. TaMgmin

TaMgLaymanCaGaTi¾ KW; ekaZ;ç óbnah;ç mk¡;ç blas;ç «sSaç

rlwker]y> nUvehtuEdlZøab´esIc Zøab´niyay Zøab´elg CamYy

mcäriy;ç

nwgmatuRKam

mT;ç bmaT; CaedIm 1

kñúgkalBIedImeTç

TaMgmineXIjnUvKhbtI

ßk*

KhbtibuRt .l. EdlmaneKbeRmIedaykamKuN 5 eTç Etza

1-

suÇ

mayaç

GMÇ

saezyü;ç

zmÖ;ç

sarmÖ;ç

manHç

GtimanHç

edaykarekIteLIgénKuNTaMgLay man

PaKTI 47 TMB&rTI 101

.


visuTÆimK< ERb

113

Gb|icätaKuNç snþúdðitaKuN nig seløxtaKuNCaedIm 1 . EmnBit ehIy

sIlTaMgLayÉNa

edIm|IRbeyaCn¾

EdlPik¡úmineZVIoEbkZøay

dl´eTasTaMgLay

manlaPCaedImkþI

114

sIlnieTÞs

RTusþsIlenH man 5 y¨ag ‘1’³ .

mnusSTaMgLay CaGñkKWsRBhμcarIbuK<lTaMgLay minKYreRb[n RbedA

sMEdgehIykþI EdlemzunsMeyaKTaMgLay ß :bZm(TaMgLay

RTusþsIl

manekaZ; nig óbnah;CaedIm min:ncUleTAeb[teb[nehIykþIç

sresIr

sIlTaMgLayenaH

CaGñkRTusþsIlenaH

sIlmindac´ç

sIlminZøúHç

sIlminBBalç sIlminBRBus edayRbkarTaMgBYg . TaMgLayenaHÉg

eQμaHza

CaGñkrYcxøÜnç eQμaHza sIl

CasIlrYcxøÜn

k*sIl

eRBaHkareZVInUvPaB

KWGñkR:C\sresIrehIy eRBaHPav;

buK<lRTusþ

sIl eRBaHehtuénxøÜnRTusþsIl rEmgminCaTIKab´citþéneTvta nig

TukCaPik¡úeZVIoEbkZøayehIy eRBaHeTas KWesckþIRbmaT Et:n

elakehAza

n&ymYyeT[t

CaGñkmanesckþITuk¡

vijeT[t Tuk¡

nimitþBakütiHed[l

edayPaBCaGñk

CaGñkmanesckþIekþARkhaysþayeRkay cMeBaHGñkmansIlTaMgLay

eQμaHza

kñúgG:y

buK<lenaH

minEtb¨ueNÑaH

nimitþBakü eRBaHPaB

CaGñkmansm|úrGaRkk´ç

CaGñkmansmösSeRKatRKat

mkodl´BYkCnTaMgLay

mü¨ag

eRBaHnaMesckþI

Edldl´nUvTidðanuKti

rbs´buK<lenaH Gs´raRtIkald*yUr eQμaHza CaGñkmantémøezak

énsIlenaH KWGñkR:C\TaMgLaysresIrehIyç eQμaHza CasIl

eRBaHeZVInUvPaB

minb¨HBal´ehIy eRBaHPav;énsIlenaH KWtNØa nig TidðiTaMgLay

EdlxøÜnTTYlnUveTyüZm(

min:nb¨HBal´RtUvehIy nig eQμaHza CasIl RbRBwtþeTARBm

sadkEdleKt|ajehIy edaysm|kéZμ EdlCasMBt´manB(N

edIm|IsmaZi eRBaHjúaMgóbcarsmaZi ß Gb|nasmaZi oRbRBwtþ

GaRkk´ mansmösSminlÁ nig mantémøezak dUecñaHÉg CaGñkKW

eTA:nRsYl .

eKsMGat:nedaykRm

bNÐitKb|IRCabza pUrpg´enHn@uH

ehtuenaH Pav;énsIlCasIlmindac´CaedImn@uH CaesckþIpUrpg´énsIlTaMgenaH .

rEmgseRmc edayGakar; 2

énkarminmanpleRcIn ‘rbs´BYkeK’

dl´BYkTaykTaMgLay ykmk

dUcCareNþAénlamk

dUcCasMBt´

EdlRtaMenA

Gs´

k*esckþI

kalCaeRcInqñaM CaGñkenAxageRkARsLH cakRbeyaCn¾TaMgBIr dUc

KW; edaykareXIj

CaósEdlbuK<ldutsaksB ‘eRbIkarmin:n’ dUecñaH TukCaebþC\a

eTasénsIlvibtþi 1 edaykareXIjGanisgSénsIlsm|tþi 1 .

nUvPaBénxøÜnza CaPik¡ú k*minEmnCaPik¡údEdl dUcCastVlaeQμal

‘eTasénsIlvibtþi’

edIrtamhVÚgeKa ‘minkøayeTACaeKa:neLIy’ CaGñkmanesckþItk´

bNþaeTas nig GanisgSTaMgBIrenaH cMENkeTas énsIl

søútCanic© dUcCabursEdlmaneB[rcMeBaHbuK<lCaTYeTA CaGñkmin

vibtþi bNÐit Kb|IeXIjtamn&y kñúgsutnþbidkCaedIm y¨agenH za

KYrenArYmCamYy dUcCasaksB sUm|IRbkbedayKuN mansut;

²mñalPik¡úTaMgLay eTasTaMgLay énsIlvibtþi

rbs´buK<lGñk

1- suÇ GMÇ bÇ PaKTI 45 TMB&rTI 247 .


visuTÆimK< ERb

115

116

sIlnieTÞs

CaedIm k*CaGñkminKYrdl´nUvkarbUCa énsRBhμcarIbuK<lTaMgLay

rnÞal senÆasenÆAehIy nig Pik¡úGg<úy ß edkObxtþiykJ¦akþI

eLIy

RBahμNkJ¦akþI KhbtikJ¦akþI Edlmanéd nig eCIgd*Tn´lVas

dUcCaePøIg

kñúgéRBsμsan

minKYrdl´karbUCa

rbs´BYk

RBahμN¾ CaGñkGP&BV kñúgkar:nsMerc nUvKuNviess dUcmnusS

lVn´ etIGMeBINa RbesIrCag/³ .

xVak´EPñk GP&BV kñúgkareXIjnUvrUb CaGñkminmanesckþIsg¹wm kñúg

Pik¡úTaMgLay RkabTUlza ²bBiRtRBHGg<d*ceRmIn Pik¡úGg<úy

RBHsTÆmμ dUckumarénCncNÐal minmanesckþIsg¹wm kñúgraC-

ß edkObxtþiykJ¦akþI RBahμNkJ¦akþI KhbtikJ¦akþI Edlman

sm|tþi ebITukCasMKal´‘xøÜn’za ²GatμaGj CaGñkmanesckþIsux³

édnigeCIgd*Tn´lVaslVn´n@uH

dUecñH k*eQμaHza CaGñkdl´ehIynUvesckþITuk¡Bit eRBaHPav;énxøÜn

ÉPik¡úGg<úy ß edkObKMnrePøIgZMÉeNaH

CaGñkmancMENkénesckþITuk¡ EdlRBHd*manRBHPaK Rtas´ehIy

rnÞal senÆasenÆAn@uH CaTuk¡lM:kBit³ .

kñúgGK<ik¡nÆbriyaysURt .

RbesIrCagç

RBHmanRBHPaKRtas´za

bBiRtRBHGg<d*ceRmIn EdlkMBugeqH

PøWRcal

²mñalPik¡úTaMgLay tzaKt R:b´

RBHGg<CaGñkeXIjplénkmμ

GñkTaMgLay mñalPik¡úTaMgLay tzaKtBnül´GñkTaMgLay Pik¡ú

Cak´c|as´ edayRbkarTaMgBYg kalRTg´sMEdgnUvesckþITuk¡d*exøac

Gg<úy ß edkObKMnrePøIgZMÉeNaH .l. GMeBIn@uHÉg RbesIrCagç

pSaéRkeBk GackñúgkiriyajúaMgesckþIekþARkhay kñúghb\T&y o

Pik¡úRTusþsIl manZm(GaRkk´ manmaryaTminsÁat EdlKYrrlwk

ekIteLIgehIy júaMgkiriyakÁÜténelahitd*ekþA oRbRBwtþeTA eday

edayesckþIreg,{s

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ebþC\axøÜnza CasmN; minEmnRBhμcarI EtebþC\axøÜnza CaRBhμcarI

RTusþsIlTaMgLay GñkmancitþeRtkGrrIkraynwgesckþIsux

sÁúyxagkñúg

BitdUecñaHEmn RBHmanRBHPaK

kñúg

biT:MgGMeBIGaRkk´

mancitþTTwkedayraK;

minEmnCasmN;

Et

CabuK<lmancitþeRCakRCak

karbriePaKnUvkamKuN 5 nig kñúgsamIcikmμ mankarzVaybg<M nig

enaHç dMeNIrenaH eRBaHehtuGVI/ mñalPik¡úTaMgLay eRBaHza Pik¡ú

karrab´GanCaedIm eTIbRTg´Rtas´ za ;

enaH dl´nUvesckþIsøab´ ß esckþITuk¡esÞIrEtsøab´ eRBaHEtGg<úy

²mñalPik¡úTaMgLay

ÉeNaH

ß edkObKMnrePøIgenaH ‘Etb¨ueNÑaH’ dl´EbkZøayragkay bnÞab´

Pik¡úTaMgLay

GMBImrN;eTA k*mineTAekIt kñúgG:y TuK<ti vini:t nrk eRBaHEt

GñkTaMgLayeXIjKMnrePøIgZM

EdlkMBugeqH PøWRcalrnÞal senÆasenÆAEdrß/³ .

TUlza ²RBHkruNaRBHGg<³ . RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´za ²mñal

Gg<úy ß edkObKMnrePøIgZMenaHeLIyç

Pik¡úTaMgLay GñkTaMgLay sm<al´nUvehtuenaHza dUcemþc/ç Pik¡ú

RTusþsIlenaH CaGñkmanZm(d*GaRkk´ manmaryaTminsÁat Edl

cUleTAGg<úy ß edkObKMnrePøIgZMÉeNaH EdlkMBugeqH PøWRcal

KYrrlwk

edayesckþIreg,{s

mñalPik¡úTaMgLay Pik¡úGñk

biT:MgnUvGMeBIGaRkk´

minEmnCa


visuTÆimK< ERb

117

smN; EtebþC\azaCasmN; minEmnCaRBhμcarI EtebþC\aza Ca

118

sIlnieTÞs mñalPik¡úTaMgLay

GñkTaMgLay

sm<al´esckþIenaH za

RBhμcarI CaGñksÁúyxagkñúg mancitþTTwkedayraK; mancitþeRCak

dUcemþc/

RCak Gg<úy ß edkObxtþiykJ¦akþI .l. mñalPik¡úTaMgLay

edayeRbg cMedIm®TUgç Pik¡ú eRtkGrnwgGJ¢likmμ rbs´xtþiy-

ehtuenaHÉg naMoPik¡úenaH :nesckþIvinas esckþITuk¡ Gs´kal

mhasalTaMgLay

yUr luHEbkZøayragkay bnÞab´GMBIsøab´eTA rEmgeTAekIt kñúg

KhbtimhasalTaMgLay etINa RbesIrCag / .l.

G:yç TuK<tiç vini:tç nrk ‘teTAeT[t’³ . RBHmanRBHPaK

luHRTg´sMEdgnUvTuk¡

ebIbursmankmøaMg BYynwglMEBgd*mut EdleKlab

ß

mñalPik¡úTaMgLay mankarbriePaK

nUv

dUcemþc /

RBahμNmhasalTaMgLay

GñkTaMgLay

ebIbursmankmøaMg

sm<al´esckþIenaH

EdlePøIgkMBugeqH PøWRcalrnÞal senÆasenÆAç

edayKMnrePøIg y¨agenHehIy eTIbRTg´sMEdgnUvTuk¡ Edlmankar

cIvr rbs´xtþiymhasalTaMgLay

zVaybg<M kareZVIGJ¢likmμ kareRbIR:s´cIvr biNÐ:t ERK taMg

sTÆa etINa RbesIrCag / .l.

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edayesckþIeRb[beZ[b

edayExSCavikar;

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dUcemþc /

xÞHEdk TaMgLayenH edayó:ydUcKñaenH za ;

EdlePøIgkMBugeqH

²mñalPik¡úTaMgLay

GñkTaMgLay

sm<al´esckþIenaH

za

za

eRsabkay edaybnÞHEdk d*ekþA

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nig

ßk*

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.l.

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EdleKoeday

sm<al´esckþIenaH

za

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Tg´Edgd*ekþA

PøWRcalrnÞal

EdlePøIgkMBugEteqH

senÆasenÆAehIy

dak´nUvdMu

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dUcemþc/ bursmankmøaMg Kb|IruMkYtnUvsμgTaMgBIr edayExSknÞúy

kñúgmat´ç

stVy¨agCab´ ExSenaH k*mutEs|ksm|úrézá luHmutEs|ksm|úrézá

rlakmat´pg

ehIy k*mutEs|kxagkñúg luHmutEs|kxagkñúgehIy k*mutsac´

rlYyTaMgeBaHev[nZM nig eBaHev[ntUc Zøak´rhUteTA xageRkampgç

luHmutsac´ehIy k*mutsrés luHmutsrésehIyk*mutqÁwg luH

Pik¡úqan´nUvbiNÐ:t rbs´xtþiymhasalTaMgLay

mutqÁwgehIy k*cucCab´eTAnwgxYrkñúgqÁwgç

Pik¡ú

eRtkGrnwgkiriya

zVaybg<M rbs´xtþiymhasalTaMgLay ß RBahμNmhasal

dMuTg´EdgenaH

Kb|IrlakbbUrmat´

rlakGNþatpg

rbs´bursenaHpg

rlak-kpg

rlakRTUgpg

.l.

Edl

eKoedaysTÆa etINa RbesIrCag / .l. mñalPik¡úTaMgLay

GñkTaMgLay

sm<al´esckþIenaH za

TaMgLay ßk* KhbtimhasalTaMgLay ‘TaMgBIrenH’ etINa

dUcemþc /

RbesIrCag / .l.

Rtg´-k ehIyTg<icoGg<úy ß oedkelIERKEdk ß taMgEdkd*ekþA

bursmankmøaMg cab´

‘bursÉeT[t’

Rtg´k|al

ß


visuTÆimK< ERb

119

EdlePøIgkMBugeqH PøWRcalrnÞal senÆasenÆAç

Pik¡ú eRbIR:s´

nUvERK ß taMg rbs´xtþiymhasalTaMgLay .l. EdleK oedaysTÆa etINa RbesIrCag/ .l. mñalPik¡úTaMgLay

GñkTaMgLay

sm<al´esckþIenaH

za

dUcemþc/

bursmankmøaMg cab´ ‘nUvbursÉeT[t’ yYreCIg ‘TaMgBIr’

eLIgelI

ok|alsMyugcuHeRkam

ehIye:HeTA

kñúgxÞHTg´Edg

k*ekþA EdlePøIgkMBugeqH PøWRcalrnÞal senÆasenÆAç kalburs enaH kMBugEteqHBuHpul kñúgxÞHTg´EdgenaH GENþteLIgmkelImþg liccuHeTAeRkammþg eTATTwgmþgç

Pik¡ú eRbIR:s´nUvvihar rbs´

xtþiymhasalTaMgLay

EdleKoedaysTÆa

RbesIrCag /

.l.

.l.

bursenaH

rEmgcUleTAekIt

.l.

etINa ‘1’ ³

dUecñHÉg . eRBaHehtuenaH

bNÐit

Kb|IRCabkiriyaeXIjeTas

kñúg

sIlvibtþi edaykarBicarNa edayn&ymanCaGaTi¾y¨agenH za ;

esckþIsuxkñúgkam manplCaTuk¡ Rkhl´Rkhay d*éRkElgCagTuk¡

EdlekItBIkarObnUvKMnrénePøIg

kalebIbuK<l mansIlZøayehIy minRBmlHbg´ ecjeT etIesckþIsux nwgmanmkGMBITINa . esckþIsux zVaybg<M

kñúgkiriyaTTYleRtkGr

nwgmandUcemþcekIt

nUvkarRkab

dl´buK<lEdlman

sIlvibtþi GñkmancMENk edayTuk¡d*éRkElg Cag 1- suÇ GMÇ sÇ PaKTI 47 TMB&rTI 233 .

120

sIlnieTÞs

Tuk¡ EdlekItGMBIkiriyakYt ß BYtnUvsμg edayExS EdlbuK<lRt:j´ edayeramknÞúystVd*maM / . esckþIsux

kñúgkarTTYleRtkGr

nUvGJ¢likmμ

énbuK<lGñkmansTÆaTaMgLay ÉNa EdlCaehtu énesckþITuk¡ d*éRkElgCagesckþITuk¡ EdlekItGMBI karRbharedaylMEBg

esckþIsuxenaHnwgmandl´

buK<lEdlminmansIl:n y¨agdUcemþcekIt / . smösS énbnÞHEdk d*qÁineqÁATaMgLay enAkñúg nrk EdlbuK<l‘RTusþsIl’ mins®gYmehIy Kb|I esay Gs´kaly¨agyUr edayesckþIsuxÉNaç esckþIsux

kñúgkareRbIR:s´cIvrenaH

nwgmandl´

buK<lGñkmin:ns®gYmehIy dUcemþcekIt / . biNÐ:t ebITukCamanrsCat d*qáaj´Bisa k* eRb[b:nnwgzñaMBis

d*ekø{vkøa

dl´buK<lEdlmin

mansIl EdlnwgRtUveTAelbdMuEdkTaMgLay Edl ePøIgeqHRcaleqÁA Gs´kald*yUrGEgVg . kiriyaeRbIR:s´nUvERK nig taMg rbs´buK<lGñk minmansIl ebITukCasnμtzaCasux k*Kg´dl´nUv esckþITuk¡Bit eRBaHza buK<lenaH nwgRtUvoERK nig taMg EdlCavikarénEdk d*qÁineqÁA EdlCaTuk¡TaMg Lay eb[teb[n Gs´kald*yUr .


visuTÆimK< ERb

esckþIeRtkGr

121

edaykarenAGaRs&y

122

sIlnieTÞs

kñúgvihar

:neLIy EtputRsLHehIycakesckþIsux kñúg

EdleKo edaysTÆa EbbNa nwgman dl´buK<l

GZiKmZm(TaMgGs´ manTVarcUleTAkan´sæansYK(biT

EdlRTusþsIl

CitQwgGs´ehIy

ebIbuK<lenaH

muxCanwgRtUveTAenA

GaRs&y kñúgkNþalénxÞHEdk EdlePøIgnrk eqHqab RBHelaknaz

CabrmRKUénstVelak

kalRTg´

Rtas´tiHed[l nUvbuK<lRTusþsIl ÉNa za ²CaGñk mansmacar

KYrnwkeXIjreg,{rcitþ

CaGñkmanCati

dUcCasMram ‘CaMkxVikkxVk´’ mancitþTTwkesIm eday raK; CabuK<llamk nig CaGñksÁúy xagkñúgpg³ dUecñHç

eZVIy! CIvit rbs´buKl < EdlRTusþsIl «t

R:C\a minEmnCasmN; EtlbRTRTg´nUvePT rbs´ CnCasmN;enaH rs´enARKan´EtkMdr nUvsMbk én GtþPaBTeT EdlkielscUleTAkMcat´bg´ CIkrMelIg sIlGs´ehIy . sb|úrsTaMgLay CaGñkmansIl

kñúgelakenH

Etgec[svag nUvbuK<lEdlRTusþsIl ÉNa dUcCa buK<lGñkeBjcitþxagRbdab´tak´Etgragkay

Etg

ec[svaglamk nig saksB k*dUecñaHEdrç CIvit rbs´buK<lRTusþsIlenaH nwgrs´enAEbbNa/ . buK<lEdlRTusþsIlenaH

eTAkan´G:y Etmüa¨gKt´ . buK<ldéT

senÆasenÆAdEdl / .

minputcakP&yTaMgBYg

manEteLIgeTAkan´pøÚvsMrab´

EbbNaesat

EdlKYrekItesckþI

kruNa dl´CnEdlRbkbedaykruNaKuN Edl esμIedaybuK<lRTusþsIl / eTaskñúgPaBénbuK<l EdlRTusþsIl maneRcInRbkar dUceBalmkenH³ nig kareXIj nUvGanisgS kñúgsIlsm|tþi bNÐit k*Kb|IeXIj edayn&yEdlpÞúyKñaGMBIbkar; EdleyIg:neBalehIy . n&ymYyvijeT[t

sIlrbs´Pik¡úNa CasIlbrisuTÆ minmanmnÞil

karRTRTg´:Rt nig cIvr rbs´Pik¡úenaH CaTInaMmknUv esckþIRCHzøa TaMgbBVC¢a rbs´Pik¡úenaH k*manpl .

P&y manP&yGMBIkartiHed[lxøÜnCaedIm minEdl

Zøak´cuHkan´hb\T&y rbs´Pik¡ú EdlmansIlbrisuTÆ

eLIy hak´bIdUcCaRBHGaTitü EdlminEdlZøak´cuH mkkan´TIggwt y¨agenaHÉg . Pik¡úGñkmansIl

kallÁkñúgéRBKWtb; rEmglÁ

edaykardl´RBménsIl dUcRBHc&nÞlÁ nakNþal

énRsTab´emX edaysm|tþiénrsμIdUecñaH .


visuTÆimK< ERb

RtwmEtkøinkay

123

rbs´Pik¡úEdlmansIl

k*GaceZVI

nUvesckþIrIkraycitþ dl´eTvtaTaMgLay :neTA ehIy nwgeBaleTAdUcemþc dl´køinénsIlesat . køinrbs´sIl rEmgRKbsg,t´nUvsm|tþi énKnÆ CatTaMgLayTaMgBYg:n

EtgpSayeTAkan´Tis

TaMgdb´ minmaneTIsTak´eLIy . sk,ar; EdlTaykeZVIehIy kñúgbuK<lEdlman sIl

ebITukNaCabnþicbnþÜc

k*Kg´manpleRcIn

eRBaHza buK<lGñkmansIl cat´Tukza CaPaCn; sRmab´tMkl´nUveRK]gbUCa nig sk,ar; . GasvZm(TaMgLay Edlmankiriyasmøab´ nig kiriyacgCaedIm kñúgbc©úb|nñ minGaceb[teb[n nUv buK<lEdlmansIl:neLIy

minRtwmEtb¨ueNÑaH

esat buK<lGñkmansIl EtgCIkrMelIgnUvb\sKl´ énesckþITuk¡ enAkñúgbrelaknayTaMgLay . sm|tþi kñúgfanmnusSkþI sm|tþikúñgfaneTvtakþI kalebIbuK<lEdlmansIlbribUN( RtUvkarcg´:n ehIy sm|tþiTaMgGs´enaHminCaRkIRkesaHeLIy . mü¨ageT[t niBVansm|tþi enHÉNa EdlCaKuN Catisáb´knøg ‘minmankarRkhl´Rkhay eday kiels’

citþ rbs´Pik¡ú EdlmansIlbribUN( k*

124

sIlnieTÞs

rEmg EtsÞúHeTAer]y > kan´niBVansm|tþienaHÉg . RBHeyaKavcrkulbuRt

CabNÐit

Kb|IcMerInnUv

GanisgS d*edrdas edayGakar;CaGenk kñúgsIl EdlCab\sKl´

énsm|tþiTaMgBYg

oviesseLIg

tamn&yEdl:neBalehIy y¨agenHÉg . eRBaHza kalebIbNÐit sMEdgsIloc|as´las´ y¨agenH ehIy citþ rEmggakecjGMBIsIlvibtþiehIy CaZmμCateTarTn´eTA kan´sIlsm|tþi .

eRBaHehtuenaH Pik¡ú eXIjeTas kñúgsIlvibtþi

enH nig GanisgS kñúgsIlsm|tþienH dUc:neBalehIy Kb|I CRmHsIl o:nbrisuTÆpUrpg´ edayesckþIRbwgERbgRKb´Rbkar . ÉsIl kñúgvisuTÆimK< EdlRBHmanRBHPaK RTg´sMEdgehIy edayZm(CaRbZan

KW sIlç smaZiç bJ¦a

²sIel btidðay nera sbeJ¦a³

dUecñH

edayKazaenH za ; KWx\úMsMEdgmuneKehIy

edayesckþIGtæaZib|aymanRbmaNb¨ueNÑHÉg . briecäT TI1 eQμaHsIlnieTÞs kñúgKm¬IrvisuTÆimK< KÅx\úMrcnaehIy edIm|IRbeyaCn¾ dl´karjúaMgsaZuCnorIkray edayRbkardUecñH . v

x

v

er[ber[g cb´edaybribUN( enAézáGg<ar 8 erac ExTutiyasaZ qñaMkur Gdðs&k BÇsÇ 2539 RtUvnwgézáTI6 ExsIha KÇsÇ 1996 evlaem¨ag 3 knøH láac


Zutg<nieTÞs

125

‘37’ «LÚvenH esckþIpUrpg´énsIl manRbkarKWeyIgeBal ehIy

rEmgman

edayKuNTaMgLay

manGb|icäitaKuN

nig

snþúdðitaKuNCaedImÉNa

RBHeyaKIGñkmansIlsmaTanehIy

Kb|IeZVIkarsmaTannUvZutg<

‘CabnþeTAeT[t’

edIm|IjúaMgKuNTaMg

LayenaH o:nseRmc eRBaHza kalebIeZVIy¨agenH sIlpg rbs´RBHeyaKIenaH

manmnÞilKWxøÜnlagehIy

edayTwkKWKuN

manesckþIR:zñaticç esckþIsenþasç esckþIdusxat´ç esckþIsáb´ sáat´ç karminsnSMç karR:rBÆesckþIBüayam nig KuNmankar

126

Zutg<nieTÞs 2- etcIvrikg<; 3-

Gg<rbs´Pik¡úGñkmanEtéRtcIvr CaRbRktIç

biNÐ:tikg<; Gg<rbs´Pik¡úGñkmankiriyaRtac´eTA edIm|I

biNÐ:t CaRbRktIç 4- sbTancarikg<; edIm|IbiNÐ:t

Gg<rbs´Pik¡ú

er[gtamlMdab´pÞH CaRbRktIç

5- Ékasnikg<;

Gg<rbs´Pik¡ú GñkmankiriyabriePaK nUv

ePaCn EtkñúgGasn; 1 CaRbRktIç 6- btþbiNÐikg<;

Gg<rbs´Pik¡ú

ciJ©wmgayCaedIm nwgCasIlbrisuTÆlÁ vtþTaMgLaypg rbs´RBH

ePaCn Etkñúg:Rt CaRbRktIç

eyaKIenaH k*nwg:nseRmcç ‘RBHeyaKI’ GñkmansmacarTaMgBYg

7- xlubcäaPtþikg<;

brisuTÆ edayKuNKWsIl nig vtþEdlminmaneTas y¨agdUecñH ehIy nwgCaGñkeQμaHza tm,l´enAs)b´ehIy kñúgvgSénRBHGriy; 3 Rbkar

Edlmankñúgkalmun CaGñkKYrdl´kiriya:nseRmc nUv

GriyvgS TI4 eBalKWPaBénxøÜnmanPavna CaTImkeRtkGr ehtu Naç

ehtuenaH EmnBit

eyIgnwgR:rBÆ ‘epþIm’ nUvZutg<kza ‘dUcteTA’ .

RBHmanRBHPaK

RTg´Rtas´GnuJ¦atZutg<TaMgLay

13 y¨ag dl´kulbuRtTaMgLayEdlmanelakamislHbg´ehIy GñkminGaeLaHGal&y kñúgkay nig CIvit GñkR:zña edIm|IjúaMg Gnuelamb|dibTa oseRmcEtmü¨ag .

Zutg< TaMg 13 y¨agenH

KWGVIxøH/ . Zutg<TaMg 13 enaH KW ; 1- bMsukUlikg<; Gg<rbs´Pik¡ú GñkmankiriyaRTRTg´nUvsMBt´ bMsukUlCaRbRktIç

GñkmankiriyaRtac´eTA

GñkmankiriyabriePaK

Gg<rbs´Pik¡ú

nUv

Gñkmankiriyaminqan´

nUvbcäaPtþ CaRbRktIç 8- GarJ¦ikg<;

Gg<rbs´Pik¡ú GñkmankiriyaenAEtkñúgéRB Ca

RbRktIç 9- ruk¡mUlikg<;

Gg<rbs´Pik¡ú GñkmankiriyaenAGaRs&yeT[b

Kl´eQI CaRbRktIç 10- GeBÖakasikg<;

Gg<rbs´Pik¡ú GñkmankiriyaenAGaRs&y

kñúgTIval CaRbRktIç 11- esasanikg<;

Gg<rbs´Pik¡ú

GñkmankiriyaenAGaRs&y

kñúgéRBsμsan CaRbRktIç 12- yzasnætikg<;

Gg<rbs´Pik¡ú GñkmankiriyaenA EtkñúgTI

esnasn; Edlsg¹sMEdgo CaRbRktIç 13- ensC¢ikg<;

Gg<rbs´Pik¡ú GñkmankiriyaenA edaykar


visuTÆimK< ERb

127

Gg<úyCaRbRktI .

Zutg<nieTÞs

²Gg<³ .

Gg<n@uH

edayn&ydUcKñaenHEdr cIvr 3

‘Pik¡úenaH’ eQμaHza mancIvr 3 CaRbRktI .

RbePT 1 edaykarEbkZøay 1 edayGanisgS én

cIvr 3 CaRbRktI

edaykarEvk

eQμaHza

Gg<énPik¡ú Gñkman

Gg<énPik¡úGñkmancIvr 3 CaRbRktI .

ÉkarZøak´cuHnUvdMu énGamisTaMgLay eBalKWPik¡a ehtuenaH

EjkKuNmanZutg<KuNCaedIm 1 edayseg¡b nig

eQμaHza biNÐ:t .

edayBisþar 1 .

‘mYyeT[t’ karZøak´cuHéndMu:yTaMgLay

EdlCnTaMgLaydéT oehIy ‘vinicä&yedayGtæ’

bNþabTTaMgenaH nwgvinicä&y

Baküza

eBalKW sg¹adIç cIvrç s|g´ CaRbRktI énPik¡úenH eRBaHehtuenaH

CaedIm 1 edaykarsmaTan 1 edayviZI 1 eday edaykusltiþk; 1

edaykarsmaTanNaç

CaeQμaH énkarsmaTanenaH³ .

edayGakar;TaMgLay manlk¡N;

Zutg<enaH> 1

ehtuenaH bNÐit Kb|IRCabza ²Pik¡úenaH CaGñkman

sMBt´bMsukUlCaRbRktI

esckþIvinicä&y kñúgZutg<enaH bNÐitKb|IRCab eday GtæviK<h; 1

128

ehtuenaH

eQμaHza biNÐ:t .

GZib|ayza ²karZøak´cuH kñúg:Rt éndMu:yTaMgLay EdlBYkCn

edayGtæviK<h;

Camunç

cIvr

déToehIy³ .

Pik¡úNa EsVgrk KÅcUleTArkRtkUlenaH> EsVg

ÉNa eRb[bdUcCa KWbuK<lKYrex¬Im dUcCaGacm¾dI kñúgTIenaH> eRBaH

rknUvbiNÐ:tenaH eRBaHehtuenaH ‘Pik¡úenaH’ eQμaHza GñkEsVg

Pav;éncIvrenaH fitenAelIGacm¾dITaMgLay kñúgTITaMgLay man

rknUvbiNÐ:t . mü¨ageT[t karZøak´eTA edIm|IbiNÐ:tCavtþ rbs´

pøÚvZøaç éRBsμsanç KMnrsMramCaedIm TINamYyç ehtuenaH cIvr

Pik¡úenH ehtuenaH ‘Pik¡úenaH’ eQμaHza GñkRtac´eTAedIm|IbiNÐ:t

enaH eQμaHza bMsukUl . müa¨geT[t cIvrNa dl´nUvPaBKWbuK<l

Cavtþ .

KYrex¬Im dUcGacm¾dI eRBaHehtuenaH cIvrenaH eQμaHza bMsukUl . GZib|ayza ²cIvrenaH dl´nUvPaBKWbuK<lKb|Iex¬ImdUcCaGacm¾dI³ . karRTRTg´cIvr EdlbuK<lKYrex¬ImdUcCaGacm¾dI manGtæviK<h; :n ehIy y¨agenH eQμaHza sMBt´bMsukUl .

sMBt´bMsukUl Ca

RbRktIénPikú¡enH ehtuenaH ‘Pik¡úenaH’ eQμaHza mansMBt´bMsukUl CaRbRktI .

Gg<énPik¡úGñkmansMBt´bMsukUl CaRbRktI eQμaHza

Gg< énPik¡úGñkmansMBt´bMsukUl CaRbRktI .

ehtu elakehAza

Baküza ²karZøak´eTA³ esckþIza karRtac´eTA .

Pik¡úGñk

Rtac´eTA edIm|IdMu:yCavtþhñwgÉg eQμaHza Pik¡úGñkRtac´eTA edIm|I dMu:yCavtþ .

Gg<énPik¡úGñkRtac´eTA edIm|IdMu:yCavtþ eQμaHza

Gg<énPik¡úGñkRtac´eTA edIm|IdMu:yCavtþ . kardac´

elakehAza

eQμaHza GbTan; . ÉNa eQμaHza

kareTAR:scakkardac´

GZib|ayza ²karmindac´³ .

RbRBwtþeTAmYyGenøI

sbTan; .

Tan; .

edaykarmindac´

karRtac´eTA

karRtac´eTAenaH

GZib|ayza ²karRtac´eTAR:scakkar


visuTÆimK< ERb

129

dac´ KWkarRtac´eTA tamlMdab´énpÞH³ dUecñH .

130

Zutg<nieTÞs

kiriyaRtac´eTA mYy

eRBaHeZIVesckþIsMKal´dl´karqan´nUvbcäaPtþ kñúgbcäaPtþePaCnenaH

GenøIedaykarR:scakkardac´enH CaRbRktI rbs´Pik¡úenH eRBaH

kiriyaqan´nUvbcäaPtþ CaRbRktI rbs´Pik¡úenH ehtuenaH ‘Pik¡úenaH’

ehtuenaH ‘Pik¡úenaH’ eQμaHza GñkmankarRtac´eTAkan´lMdab´énpÞH

eQμaHza bcäaPtþik; . Pik¡úGñkminmankiriyaqan´nUvbqäaPtþCaRbRktI

CaRbRktI. Pik¡úGñkmankarRtac´eTAkan´lMdab´énpÞHCaRbRktIhñwgÉg

eQμaHza Pik¡úGñkminmankiriyaqan´PtþEdlxøÜnhamXat´ehIy :n

eQμaHza

mk kñúgkalCaxageRkayCaRbRktI . Baküza ²bcäaPtþ³ enH Ca

Pik¡úGñkmankiriyaRtac´eTAkan´lMdab´énpÞHCaRbRktIç

énPik¡úGñkmankiriyaRtac´eTA kan´lMdab´pÞHCaRbRktIenaH

Gg<

eQμaHza

Gg<énPik¡úGñkmankiriyaRtac´eTA kan´lMdab´pÞHCaRbRktI . karqan´ kñúgGasn;EtmYy eQμaHza Ékasn; . karqan´kúñg Gasn;EtmYyenaHCaRbRktI rbs´Pik¡úenH eRBaHehtuenaH ‘Pik¡úenaH’ eQμaHza Gñkmankarqan´ kñúgGasn;mYyCaRbRktI . Gg<énPik¡úGñk mankarqan´ kñúgGasn;mYy CaRbRktIenaH eQμaHza Gg<énPik¡úGñk mankarqan´ kúñgGasn;mYyCaRbRktI . dMu:y kñúg:RtEtmYyb¨ueNÑaH eRBaHPaCn; TI2 KWPik¡úXat´ ehIy eQμaHza dMu:ykñúg:Rt .

«LÚvenH

eRBaHeZVInUvesckþI

sMKal´nUvdMu:y kñúg:Rt kñúgkalCaTITTYlnUvdMu:y kñúg:Rtç dMu:ykñúg:Rt CaRbRktI rbs´Pik¡úenH eRBaHehtuenaH ‘Pik¡úenaH’ eQμaHza GñkmandMu:ykñúg:Rt CaRbRktI . Gg< énPik¡úGñkman dMu:ykñúg:Rt

CaRbRktI

rbs´Pik¡úenaH

eQμaHza

Gg<énPik¡úGñk

mandMu:ykñúg:Rt CaRbRktI . Baküza ²xlu³ Cani:t‘RbRBwtþeTA’ kñúgGtæza hamXat´ . Ptþ

EdlPik¡úCaGñkhamXat´ehIy:nmk

kñúgkalCaxageRkay

eQμaHza bcäaPtþ . karqan´nUvbcäaPtþenaH k*eQμaHzabcäaPtþEdr .

eQμaHénGtiritþePaCn EdlhamXat´ehIy edayGMNacénkiriya smaTan .

cMENkkúñgGdðkza elakeBal za ²stVsøabmYy

k|al eQμaHxlu stVsøabenaH BaMnUvEpøeQI:nehIy kalebI EpøeQIenaH RCuHZøak´ehIy k*minsIuEpøeQIdéTeT[teTç Pik¡úenH dUc CastVsøabenaH eRBaHehtuenaH ‘Pik¡úenaH’ eQμaHza Gñkmankiriya minqan´ nUvbcäaPtþ CaRbRktI

dUcCastVsøab eQμaHxlu .

Gg<

énPik¡úCaxlubcäaPtþik;enaH eQμaHza xlubcäaPtþikg<; . karenAkñúgéRB eQμaHza GrJ¦; .

karenA kñúgéRBenaH Ca

RbRktI rbs´Pik¡úenH eRBaHehtuenaH ‘Pik¡úenaH’ eQμaHza Gñkman kiriyaenA kñúgéRBCaRbRktI .

Gg< énPik¡úGñkmankiriyaenA kñúgéRB

CaRbRktIenaH eQμaHza GarJ¦ikg<; . karenAeT[bKl´eQI eQμaHza ruk¡mUl .

karenAeT[bKl´

eQIenaH rbs´Pik¡úenH eRBaHehtuenaH ‘Pik¡úenaH’ eQμaHza Gñkman karenAeT[bKl´eQICaRbRktI . Kl´eQI CaRbRktIenaH

eQμaHza

Gg< énPik¡úGñkmankarenAeT[b

ruk¡mUlikg<; .

n&ysUm|IkñúgGeBÖakasikg<; nig esasanikg<;

k*n&ydUcenHEdr .

esnasn; EdlPik¡úRkalehIy y¨agNan@uHÉg

eQμaHza


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132

Zutg<nieTÞs

esnasn;EdlPik¡úRkalehIyy¨agNa . Baküza ²yzasnæt;³ enH KÅCaeQμaHénesnasn; EdlPik¡úCaesnasnbJ¦abk; sMEdg ehIy

CadMbUg

y¨agenHza

²esnasn;enH

RtUv:ndl´elak³

dUecñH.

karenAelIesnasn; EdleKRkalehIyy¨agNaenaH Ca

‘vinicä&yedaylk¡N;CaedIm’ k*Zutg<TaMgGs´enHÉg lk¡N;

.

manectnaCaeRK]gsmaTan

smdUcCaBaküEdlelak:neBalza

Zm(TaMgLayenaH

kiriyaenAelIesnasn; EdleKRkalehIyy¨agNa CaRbRktI .

smaTan Na karsmaTanenaH eQμaHza Zutg<ç

Gg<

hamXat´nUvkic©Naç

EdleKRkalehIy

y¨agNa CaRbRktIenaH eQμaHza yzasnætikg<; .

Pik¡úenH

ehtuenaH ‘Pik¡úenaH’ eQμaHza GñkmankarXat´ nUvkaredk

ehIy enAedaykarGg<úyCaRbRktI . Gg< énPik¡úGñkmankarXat´ nUvkaredkehIy

enAedaykarGg<úy

CaRbRktIenaH

citþ

nig

ectsikç

kic©enaH eQμaHza vtæú ³ .

ectnaCaeRK]g ‘vcIbeyaK’

mYyeT[t

Zutg<

manesckþI

minelaP Caehtuç manZm(d*RbesIrç manPaBCaGñkR:zñatic Ca edIm Capl . Lay

bNÐit Kb|IRCabesckþIvinicä&y edayGakar;TaMg

manlk¡N;CaedIm

eQμaHza

ensC¢ikg<; .

kñúgZutg<nieTÞsenHy¨agenH .

‘vinicä&yedaykarsmaTan nig viZICaedIm’ ‘38’

Zutg<

:ndl´

TaMgGs´hñwgÉg mankarkMcat´bg´esckþIelμaP Cakic©ç

karXat´nUvkaredkehIy enAedaykarGg<úy CaRbRktI rbs´

²GñkNa

smaTanç GñkenaH :ndl´ buK<lç buK<lsmaTan edayZm(Na

RbRktI rbs´Pik¡úenH eRBaHehtuenaH ‘Pik¡úenaH’ eQμaHza Gñkman

énPik¡úGñkmankiriyaenAelIesnasn;

Ca

cMENkesckþIvinicä&y kñúgbTTaMg 5 manbTCaedIm za

eRBaHCaGg<

²smaTanviZaneta³ dUecñH bNÐit Kb|IRCab dUcteTA . Zutg<TaMg

rbs´Pik¡úEdleQμaHza Zut; ‘GñkkMcat´bg´nUvkiels’ eRBaHPav;

LayTaMgBYghñwgÉgç kalRBHd*manRBHPaK RTg´ZrmanenAeLIyç

CaGñkkMcat´bg´nUvkiels edaykarsmaTanenaH> .

Pik¡ú®tUvsmaTan kúñgsMNak´énRBHmanRBHPaKBitç kalebIRBHman

cMENkGg<TaMgGs´hñwgÉg

eQμaHza

müa¨geT[t

eQμaHza Zutg< eRBaHmanjaNEdl:nevaharza ²Zut;³ eRBaH CaeRK]gkMcat´bg´nUvkielsCaGg< . enaH

eQμaHza

müa¨gvijeT[t Gg<TaMgLay

Zut; eRBaHkMcat´bg´nUvZm(EdlCaswksRtUvTaMg

RBHPaKRTg´briniBVaneTAehIyç Pik¡úRtUvsmaTan kñúgsMNak´énRBH mhasavkç kalebIRBHmhasavkenaHminmaneTç Pik¡úRtUvsmaTan kñúgsMNak´énRBHxINaRsBç

RBHGnaKamIç

RBHskTaKamIç

RBH

Lay:npg CaGg<énkarRbtibtþipg eRBaHehtuenaH eTIbeQμaHza

esatabnñç

Zutg< .

bidkBIrç RBHezr;GñkRTRTg´bidkmYyç RBHezr;GñkepÞ{gpÞat´nikay

bNÐit Kb|Idwgc|as´esckþIvinicä&y edayGtæviK<h; kñúg

Baküza Zutg<enH y¨agenH CamunsincuH .

RBHezr;GñkRTRTg´nUvRBHéRtbidkç

RBHezr;GñkRTRTg´

mYyç RBHGdðkzacarüç kalebIRBHGdðkzacarüenaH minmaneTç Pikú¡


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Zutg<nieTÞs

4- sg,arecaL;

sMBt´EdleKecalelIKMnrsMramç

RTRTg´nUvZutg<enaH minmaneTç Pik¡úRtUve:slanRBHectiy Gg<úy

5- esatæiy;

sMBt´EdleKCUtnUvmnÞilénK(Pç

RcehagehIy eBalsmaTanodUcCaeBalsmaTan kñúgsMNak´

6- nhanecaL;

sMBt´EdleBTübeNþjPUt ykeTATTUr

RtUvsmaTan

kñúgsMNak´énPik¡úGñkRTRTg´nUvZutg<ç

énRBHsmμasm¬úTÆdUecñaH.

EtebIPik¡úGñk

mYyeT[t sUm|IPik¡úsmaTanedayxøÜnÉg

RKbGñkCMgW licTaMgk|alpáÚtTwkehIyecalç 7- titæecaL;

sMBt´EdleKecalenAEk|rkMBg´gUtTwkç

er]génesckþIR:zñatic kñúgZutg< rbs´RBHezr;Cabg énRBHezr;

8- Ktb|c©aKt;

sMBt´EdlGñkeTAkan´TIsμsanecalç

EdlRtUvCabgbÁÚnnwgKñaBIrnak´ kñúgectiybB(t . enHCaBaküEdl

9- GK<iTF¿;

sMBt´EdlRtUvePøIgeqHehIyeKecalç

eBaledayTYeTA CadMbUgsin .

10- eKaxayit;

sMBt´EdleKaGeg,{msIuehIyeKecalç

k*:ndUcKñaBit .

k*kñúgkarsmaTan edayxøÜnÉgenH RtUvsMEdg

«LÚvenH eyIgnwgBN(na nUvkar

smaTanç viZIç RbePTç karEbkZøay nig GanisgS TaMgLay

11- óbcikaxayit;

énZutg<mYy > ‘dUcteTAenH’ ;

12- ónÞÚrxayit;

sMBt´EdlkNþúrkat´ehIyeKecalç

13- Gnþcäinñ;

sMBt´Edldac´ercRtg´rwmç

14- Tscäinñ;

sMBt´EdlercRtg´Cayç

15- ZCahd;

sMBt´EdleKcgeZVITg´enAkúñgTIcm|aMgç

16- zUbcIvr;

sMBt´EdleKrMuB&TÆdMbUkeZVIBlikmμç

17- smNcIvr;

sMBt´rbs´smN;ç

18- GaPieskik;

sMBt´EdleKecalRtg´TIraCaPieskç

19- «TÆimy;

sMBt´EdlseRmcedayb\TÆiç

20- bnæik;

sMBt´EdlRCuHenAkNþalpøÚvç

21- vatahd;

sMBt´Edlxül´kYcrsat´ykeTAqáayç

22- eTvTtþiy;

sMBt´EdleTvtapøúgoç

23- samuTÞiy;

sMBt´EdlrlksmuRTpat´mkelIeKakç

ehIyEhksac´sMBt´

EdlBukpuyecalehIy e:kKk´CRmH

1- bMsukUlikg<;

‘viZIsmaTan kñúgbMsukUlikg<;’ ‘39’

Cabfm

bMsukUlikg<Zutg<

KWCaZutg<

EdlPik¡úRtUv

smaTan edayBaküTaMgBIrenH BaküNamYy za ²x\Mú hamXat´ nUvKhbtiTancIvrç

x\úM smaTannUvbMsukUlikZutg<³ dUecñH .

enH

CakarsmaTan kúñgbMsukUlikg<Zutg<enH CadMbUg . ‘viZIkñúgbMsukUlikg<;’ k*RBHeyaKIenaH

GñkmanZutg<smaTanehIy

y¨agenH

TTYlyknUvcIvr ‘sMBt´’ TaMgLayenH cIvrNamYy KW ; 1- esasanik;

sMBt´EdlZøak´kñúgéRBsμsanç

2- :bNik;

sMBt´EdlZøak´cuHeT[branpSarç

3- rziyecaL;

sMBt´EdleKe:HecalRtg´pøÚvrzç

RtUv

sMBt´EdlkeNþ{rekarç


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Zutg<nieTÞs

sac´sMBt´EdlenAmaMmYn eZVICacIBr pøas´KhbticIvrcas´ ecj

sMBt´EdlmnusSTaMgLay kaleLIgCiHnava cgCaTg´C&yehIy

ehIyeRbIR:s´cuH .

eTIbeLIg eQμaHza ZCahd; .

bNþasMBt´TaMgenaH sMBt´EdlZøak´cuHkñúgTIsμsan eQμaHza

karEdlPik¡úkan´yknUvsMBt´enaH

kalebIputknÞúyEPñk énmnusSTaMgenaHehIy k*smKYr .

sUm|I

esasanik; . sMBt´EdlZøak´cuHehIy Rtg´mat´TVarranpSar eQμaH

sMBt´Na EdleKcgCaTg´ehIy TukkñúgTIcm|aMgç kñúgeBlEdl

za :bNik; .

TahanTaMgBIrbkSeTAehIy Pik¡úkan´yknUvsMBt´enaHk*KYr . sMBt´

sMBt´EdlbuK<lRtUvkar edaybuNüTaMgLay

ecalenARtg´pøÚvrz tamcenøaH énbgÁÜc eQμaHza rziyecaL; . sMBt´EdleKecalenAelITIsMram eQμaHza sg,arecaL; . sMBt´ EdleKCUtmnÞilK(PehIyecal eQμaHza esatæiy; .

:n»mk

EdleKrMuB&TÆdMbUkehIy eZVIBlikmμ eQμaHza zUbcIvr; . EdlCarbs´Pik¡úpgKña eQμaHza smNcIvr; . ecalkñúgTIraCaPiesk eQμaHza GaPieskik; .

sMBt´

sMBt´EdleK

cIvr rbs´ÉhiPik¡ú

za mata rbs´Gamatü eQμaHtisS; oeKyksMBt´ ézømYyEsn

eQμaHza «TÆimy; .

CUtmnÞilénK(PehIy

bnæik; . k*sMBt´Na EdlZøak´eRBaHesckþIePøcPøaMgsti énm©as´

oeK‘ykeTAecalRtg´pøÚv

eQμaHtalevLI

sMBt´EdlZøak´cuH Ek|rcenøaHpøÚv

eQμaHza

edayKit za ²BYkPik¡ú GñkmankiriyaRTRTg´ nUvsMBt´bMsukUl Ca

TaMgLayç

RbRktI nwgkan´yk³ .

sMBt´Edlxül´bk´pat´ oZøak´cuHkñúgTIqáay eQμaHza vatahd; .

Pik¡úTaMgLay kan´yk edIm|I ‘b¨H’ sMBt´

Edlcas´‘rEhk’Etmü¨ag .

CnTaMgLayEdlBYkRKUexμac opáÚt

TwkRBmTaMgk|alehIy ecalsMBt´ NanImYy edIreTA edaykar sMKal´ za ²sMBt´enaH KWCasMBt´kalkNÑI³ sMBt´enaH eQμaHza

nhanecaL; . kMNat´sMBt´cas´> EdleKecalehIyRtg´kMBg´ sRmab´gUtTwk eQμaHza titæecaL; . RtLb´mkvij

gUtTwkeRscehIy

eQμaHza Ktb|c©aKt; . za GK<iTF¿; .

BYkmnusSeTAkan´TIsμsan

k*ecalsMBt´Na

sMBt´enaH

sMBt´EdlRtUvePøIgeqH‘xøH’ehIy eQμaH

mnusSTaMgLay EtgecalnUvsMBt´enaHpgEdr.

sMBt´enaH Pikú¡RtUvrkSabnþicsinehIy caMkan´yk .

k*karEdlPik¡úmineXIjm©as´TaMgLay kan´yksMBt´enaH k*KYr . sMBt´ ÉNa EdleTvtaTaMgLayoehIy dUcCasMBt´Edlnag laCeTvZIta RbeKndl´RBHGnuruTÆetærdUecñaHç sMBt´enaH eQμaHza

eTvTtþiy; . sMBt´ EdlrlkénsmuRTTaMgLay pat´oGENþt eLIgmkelIeKak eQμaHza samuTÞiy; . cMENksMBt´Na EdlBYkTaykRbeKnehIy edayBaküza ²eyIgTaMgLayRbeKndl´sg¹³ dUecñHkþI EdlPik¡úTaMgLay kal Rtac´eTA edIm|IsUmkMNat´sMBt´

sMBt´TaMgLay mansMBt´EdleKaGeg,{mCaedIm R:kdehIyEmn

eQμaHza sMBt´bMsukUleT .

Bit .

k*bNÐit Kb|IRCabEdr .

eRBaHza mnusSTaMgLay EtgecalnUvsMBt´EbbenaH .

:nmkehIykþIç

sMBt´enaH min

sUm|IkñúgsMBt´ EdlPik¡úpgKña o

sMBt´Na EdlPik¡úGñkEckcIvr Ecko


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tamlMdab´vsSakþI CacIvrRbcaMesnasn;kþIç sMBt´enaH mineQμaH

138

Zutg<nieTÞs

éneCIg eQμaHza zñak´muTu ‘zñak´Tab’ .

za sMBt´bMsukUleTç sMBt´EdlPik¡úCacIvrPaCk; min:noehIy n@uHÉg eTIbeQμaHza sMBt´bMsukUl .

‘karEbkZøay kñúgbMsukUlikg<;’

sUm|IkñúgsMBt´bMsukUl

Zutg<

rbs´bMsukUlikPik¡úTaMg 3

BYkenaH

BYkNanImYy

dUecñaH sMBt´Na EdlBYkTayk TukehIyeT[bTICiteCIgrbs´Pik¡úç

k*eday rEmgEbkZøay kñúgxN;EdlPik¡úeRtkGr nUvsMBt´Edl

EtPik¡úenaH TukRbeKn elIédrbs´bMsukUlikPik¡úç sMBt´enaH eQμaH

RKhsæTaMgLayRbeKnehIy tamesckþIeBjcitþrbs´xøÜn .

za brisuTÆEtm¡ag . sMBt´Na EdlBYkTayk TukRbeKnehIy

CakarEbkZøay kñúgbMsukUlikg<;n@uH .

elIédrbs´Pik¡úç

Etza Pik¡úenaH dak´eT[bTICiteCIgç

enaH k*eQμaHza ÉketasuTÆik;Edr .

sUm|IsMBt´

bMsukUlikPik¡ú’ edayTMngdUcKñaEdrç sMBt´enaH eQμaHza óPeta

suTÆik; ‘brisuTÆTaMgBIrxag’ .

sMBt´Na EdlPik¡ú:nmk eRBaH

Taykdak´kñúgédehIy Pik¡úenaH dak´kñúgéd‘énbMsukUlikPik¡ú’ dUcKñaç sMBt´enaH eQμaHza cIvrminóRkidð . énsMBt´bMsukUlenH

bMsukUlikPik¡ú KYrdwgRbePT

edayRbkardUecñHehIy

eRbIR:s´cIvrcuH

.

enH KWCaBiZI ‘Rbtibtþi’ kñúgbMsukUlikg<;enH .

ÉRbePT bNÐit Kb|IRCab dUcteTA. BYk KW zñak´óRkidðç zñak´mCÄimç zñak´Tab .

bMsukUlikPik¡ú man 3 bNþabMsukUlikPik¡ú

TaMg 3 BYkenaH Pik¡úEdlkan´ykEtsMBt´EdlZøak´ kñúgTIsμsan Pik¡úGñkTTYlyk nUvsMBt´Edl

eKTukehIy edayKitza ²bBVCit nwgTTYlyk³ dUecñH eQμaHza zñak´mCÄim .

cMENkGanisgS bNÐit Kb|IRCab dUcteTA KW ; ‘1’ ekIt manesckþIRbtibtþi EdlsmKYrdl´nisS&y

Pik¡ú GñkTTYlnUvsMBt´ EdleKdak´RbeKn Ek|rTICit

eRBaH:lIza ²bBVC¢a

GaRs&ynUvbMsukUlcIvr³ dUecñHç ‘2’ :nfitenAkñúgGriyvgSTImYyç ‘3’

PaBminmankarRBYy eRBaHkarrkSaç

karRbRBwtþivwkvr edaybuK<ldéTç ecarP&yç

‘6’

minmantNØa

smKYrdl´smN;ç Rtas´sresIrehIyza

‘RbePTénbMsukUlikPik¡ú’

b¨ueNÑaH eQμaHza zñak´óRkidð .

‘GanisgS kñúgbMsukUlikg<;’

sMBt´Na EdlTayk dak´

RbeKnehIy enAEk|rTICiteCIgénPik¡úç TaMgPik¡úenaH k*RbeKn ‘dl´

enH

‘8’

‘4’

PaBCaGñkminman

‘5’ minmankarP&yxøac eRBaH

kñúgkareRbIR:s´ç

manbc©&y

‘7’

manbrik¡ar

tamEdlRBHmanRBHPaK

²sMBt´TaMgenH mantémøticpgç Carbs´

Edlrk:n edaygayRsYlpgç Carbs´EdlminmaneTaspg³ dUecñHç

‘9’

PaBCaGñknaMmk nUvesckþIRCHzøaç

plénGb|icätaKuNCaedImç

‘10’ karseRmc

‘11’ karcMerIneLIg nUvsmμabdibtþiç

‘12’ eZVIobcäaCn ykCatRmab´tam . ‘GvsanKaza kñúgbMsukUlikg<;’

RBHeyaKI GñkRTRTg´nUvbMsukUlcIvr rEmglÁkñúgkar


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smøab´mar nig esnamar dUcCakSRtEdlmaneRK]g eRkaHcgehIylÁ kñúgTIcm|aMgdUecñaHÉg . Gm|al EtRBHsm¬úTÆ EdlCabrmRKUrbs´stVelak emþcKg´ RBHGg<lHbg´ nUvsMBt´TaMgLayd*ézøzøa mansMBt´ EdleKnaMmk GMBIEdnkasICaedImehIy mkRTRTg´ nUvbMsukUlcIvrNaç

cuHPik¡úGg<Naesat

k*minRT

RTg´ nUvbMsukUlcIvrenaH:n / eRBaHehtuenaH RBH eyaKavcrPikú¡ kalrlwkeXIjnUvBaküebþC\a rbs´ xøÜn k*Kb|ICaGñkeRtkGr kñúgbMsukUlcIvr d*smKYr dl´esckþIBüayamcuH . enH CakarBN(na kñúgBiZIsmaTanç RbePTç karEbkZøay nig GanisgS kñúgbMsukUlikg<; CadMbUg .

Zutg<nieTÞs

óbkrN¾TaMgLay manm¢úlCaedIm vtæúÉNamYykþI minRKb´RKan´ drabNaç RtUvTuk drabenaH . eTaseRBaHbc©&yénsMBt´EdlPik¡ú TukehIy minmaneT . Etza karEdlPik¡úTuktaMgEtBIeBlEdlxøÜn RClk´ehIy minKYreLIy .

Pik¡úGñkRTRTg´nUvcIvrbIenaH eQμaHza

Zutg<ecar . enHCaviZanénetcIvrikg<;enaH . ‘RbePTénetcIvrikPik¡ú’ ebIeBaledayRbePT etcIvrikPik¡úenH man 3 BYk . bNþa 3 BYkenaH Pik¡úzñak´óRkidð kñúgeBlRClk´ Kb|IRClk´s|g´mun ß cIvr mun k*:n rYcesø{ks|g´ ß cIvrenaHehIy RClk´cIvreRkABIenH . Pik¡ú RtUvXøúMcIvrenaHehIy RClk´sg¹adI .

‘viZIsmaTan kñúgetcIvrikg<;’ ‘40’ k*kñúglMdab´ énbMsukUlikg<;enaH Gg<énPik¡úGñkRTRTg´ nUvcIvr 3 CaGg<KWPik¡úRtUvsmaTan edayBaküTaMgLayenH Bakü x\úM smaTan nUvGg<

énPik¡úGñkRTRTg´nUvcIvr 3 ³ dUecñH . ‘BiZIkñúgetcIvrikg<;’ k*Pik¡úGñkRTRTg´nUvcIvrbIenaH :nsMBt´edIm|IcIvr minGacedIm|I eZVI eRBaHesckþIminsb|aykþI min:nnUvkmμ KWkarvas´EvgkþI eRK]g

EtkarEdlPik¡úesø{k

sg¹adI minKYreLIy . enH KWCavtþ kñúgesnasn; TIbMputénRsuk cMeBaHEtetcIvrikPik¡úenH . cMENkxagGarJ¦ikPik¡ú eTaHbIe:kKk´ RClk´cIvrTaMgBIrdMNalKña k*:n.

2- etcIvrikg<;

NamYyza ²x\úM hamXat´nUvcIvrCaKRmb´ 4ç

140

Etza Pik¡úRtUvGg<úy kñúgTICit

olμmEteXIjmnusSNamYy edIrmk GacnwgTajsMBt´kasav; mkRKbelIxøÜn:n .

tamZmμta Pik¡ú Gñkzñak´mZüm ebImansMBt´

kasav;sMrab´RClk´ kñúgeragsMrab´RClk´ç karEdlPik¡úesø{k ß dNþb´cIvrenaHehIy eZVInUvkmμ KWkarRClk´eTIbKYr . sRmab´Pik¡ú zñak´Gn´

eTaHbIesø{k

ß

dNþb´nUvcIvrTaMgLay

ehIyeZVIkmμ KWkarRClk´ k*KYr .

rbs´Pik¡úpgKña

sUm|IsMBt´kRmal Edlman

enAkñúgeragRClk´enaH k*smKYr dl´Pik¡úzñak´Gn´enaH . EdlPik¡úzñak´Gn´ rkSaTuk k*minKYr . sUm|IcIvr rbs´BYkPik¡úpgKña

Etza kar

eTaHbIPik¡úzñak´Gn´ eRbIR:s´

bnþbnÞab´Kña

k*minKYr .

k*bu¨Enþ ebI


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etcIvrikPik¡ú nwgbegI,nsMBt´GgS&kmYymkeT[t KRmb´ 4 k*:n . bu¨EnþsMBt´GgS&kenaH RtUvmanTTwg 1 cMGamç

beNþay 3 htæ

Etb¨ueNÑaH eTIbsmKYr .

142

Zutg<nieTÞs

RTRTg´EtcIvrbIç GñkmanR:zña

RBHeyaKId*RbesIr

edIm|IRtac´eTACasux

k*RtUvomanEt

cIvr 3 Cab´eTACamYy hak´bIdUcCastVbkSI Edl

‘karEbkZøay kñúgetcIvrikg<;’ k*Zutg< rbs´etcIvrikPik¡úTaMgbIenH rEmgEbkZøay kñúgxN; EdlxøÜneRtkGrehIy cMeBaHcIvrCaKRmb´ 4 n@uHÉg .

enHKWCakar

EbkZøay kñúgetcIvrikg<;enH .

Rtac´eTA

manEtsøab

Cab´eTACamYynwgxøÜndUecñaH

Kb|IeZVIesckþIeRtkGr kñúgcIvrEdlmankMNt´ . enH CakarBN(na nUvviZan énkarsmaTanç RbePTç karEbk

‘GanisgS kñúgetcIvrikg<;’

Zøay nig GanisgS kñúgetcIvrikg<; . 3- biNÐ:tikg<;

cMENkGanisgS mandUcteTAenHç KuNTaMgLay manCaGaTi¾

‘viZIsmaTankñúgbiNÐ:tikg<;’

y¨agenH KW; ‘1’ Pik¡úGñkRTRTg´nUvcIvr 3 eQμaHza CaGñkman esckþIsenþas

eRBaHehtuenaH

edaycIvrlμmEtrkSanUvkay:nç

‘2’

eday

‘41’

sUm|IbiNÐ:tikg<;

k*CaZutg<EdlPik¡ú®tUvsmaTan

esckþIsenþasenaH Pik¡úenaH kan´ykEt ‘cIvrbI’ Rtac´eTA hak´dUc

edayBaküTaMg 2 m¨at´enH BaküÉNanImYy za ²x\úM hamXat´

CastVbkSIç ‘3’ PaBCaGñkmanesckþIR:rBÆticç ‘4’ karev[rbg´

nUvGtierklaPç x\úMsmaTannUvbiNÐ:tikg<Zutg<³ dUecñH . ‘viZIkñúgbiNÐ:tikg<;’

nUvkarsnSMTuknUvsMBt´ç ‘5’ PaBCaGñkRbRBwtþRsalç ‘6’ kiriya lHbg´nUvesckþIelμaPhYskMrit kñúgGtierkcIvrç

‘7’ PaBCaGñkeZVI

nUvRbmaN kñúgcIvrEdlKYrç ‘8’ PaBCaGñkRbRBwtþk|wl ß BeRgc nUvkielsoesþIgcuHç

‘9’ kiriyaseRmcnUvKuNTaMgLay man

Gb|icätaKuNCaedIm rEmgsMerc ‘dl´Pik¡úenaH’ . ‘GvsanKaza kñúgetcIvrikg<;’

RBHeyaKI CaGñkR:C\ dwgnUvrsénesckþIsux Edl ekItGMBIesckþIsenþas lHbg´nUvesckþIcMNg´ kñúg sMBt´EdlelIskMNt´

ev[rbg´karsnSMTuk CaGñk

k*Pik¡úGñkmankiriyaRtac´eTA

edIm|IbiNÐ:tCavtþenaH

minRtUv

eRtkGrnwgPtþTaMg 14 y¨agenH KW ; 1- sg¹Ptþ 2- óeTÞsPtþ

PtþEdleKRbeKncMeBaHsg¹ç PtþEdleKóTÞisykPik¡ú 1 Gg<kþI 2 Gg<kþI

GMBIsMNak´sg¹ehIyRbeKnç 3- nimnþnPtþ

PtþEdleKnimnþPik¡úykeTARbeKnç

4- slakPtþ

PtþEdleKRbeKntamsøakç

5- bk¡ikPtþ

PtþEdleKRbeKnkñúg 1 bk¡

Et 1 ézáç


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144

Zutg<nieTÞs

6- óe:szikPtþ PtþEdleKRbeKnral´>ézáóe:szç

TTYlPik¡a

7- :dibTikPtþ

eT[bTVarénpÞH rbs´buK<ldéTehIy o:RteTABYkTaykEdlenA

PtþEdleKkMNt´RbeKn EtkñúgézáedIm én

EdlTayknaMmkBIxagmuxkþI

8- GaKnþúkPtþ

PtþEdleKRbeKn dl´Pik¡úGaKnþúk;ç

kñúgeBlRtLb´mkvijkþI

9- KmikPtþ

PtþEdleKRbeKndl´Pik¡úer[bedIrpøÚvqáayç

kñúgézáenaHmin:neT .

PtþEdleKRbeKndl´Pik¡úEdlmanCMgWç

11- KilanubdðakPtþ PtþEdleKRbeKndl´Pik¡ú EdlEzrkSa Pik¡úGñkmanCMgWç PtþEdleKRbeKncMeBaHvtþ ß kudiç

13- ZurPtþ

PtþEdleKtMkl´TukkñúgpÞHehIyRbeKnç

14- varPtþ

PtþEdleKdak´evnKñaRbeKn .

Etza ebIPtþTaMgLayNa CaPtþEdlTaykmineBal edayn&y CaedIm za ²sUmelakm©as´TaMgLay TTYlnUvsg¹Ptþ³ dUecñHç ehIyeBalza ²sUmRBHsg¹ TTYlPik¡akúñgpÞH éneyIgTaMgLay sUm|Ielakm©as´TaMgLay k*sUmTTYlPik¡a³ dUecñH ehIyRbeKnç Pik¡úCabiNÐ:tik; eRtkGrnwgPtþTaMgenaH k*KYr .

slakPtþ

EdlminRcLMedayGamis ‘EdlekIteLIg’ GMBIsg¹kþI PtþEdl TaykcMGin kñúgvtþkþI rEmgsmKYrEmnBit .

enH KÅ CaviZan

énbiNÐ:tikPik¡úenH .

biNÐ:tikPik¡ú enHÉg man 3 BYk . biNÐ:tikPik¡ú

EtPik¡úGg<úyehIy

TTYlPik¡a

biNÐ:tikPik¡ú zñak´kNþal TukCaGg<úy

cuHehIy k*Kg´TTYl:n kñúgézáenaH EtebITTYlnimnþTukdl´eTAézá EsÁkeT[tBMu:nesaHeLIy.

biNÐ:tikPik¡ú zñak´Gn´ eTaHbITTYl

cgØan´ edIm|ITukqan´dl´eTAézáEsÁk ß xanEsÁkeT[tk*:n .

Pik¡ú

enAtamTMenIgcitþrbs´xøÜneT .

manEtPik¡úzñak´óRkidðeT eTIb:n .

dMNalmkza kñúgRsukmYy manGriyvgS .

biNÐ:tikPik¡ú zñak´

óRkidð niyayeTAkan´BYkbiNÐ:tikPik¡ú eRkAenH za ²mñalelak d*manGayuTaMgLay mkBYkeyIgeTAsþab´Zm(³ .

bNþaPik¡úTaMg

BIrrUbenaH Pik¡úmYyrUb niyayza ²bBiRtelakm©as´d*cMerIn x\úMRBH kruNa CaGñkRtUvmnusSmñak´ oGg<úyehIy³ . niyayza

²bBiRtelakm©as´d*cMerIn

x\úMRBHkruNa

mnusSmñak´ edIm|Iqan´ kñúgézáEsÁkEdr³ . enHç

Pik¡ú mYyrUbeT[t

kalebImanehtuy¨ag

Pik¡ú TaMgBIrrUbenaH :nsabsUnüehIy .

zñak´óRkidð

mYyrUbeT[t

Rtac´eTAbiNÐ:t

TTYlcgØan´

ÉbiNÐ:tikPik¡ú

taMgBIRBlwmRsag

ehIy esaynUvrsénRBHZm( .

‘RbePTénbiNÐ:tikPik¡ú’ bNþabiNÐ:tikPik¡ú TaMg 3 BYkenaH

‘k*:n’

CabiNÐ:tik;TaMg 2 BYkenaH min:nnUvesckþIsux edaykiriya

12- viharPtþ

ebIeBaltamRbePT

QrenA

caMTTYlykeTA ‘dak´Pik¡a’kþI TTYlPik¡a EdlTayknaMmkRbeKn

bk¡ KW ézá 1 ekIt ß 1 eracç

10- KilanPtþ

BIxageRkaykþI

zñak´óRkidð

‘karEbkZøay kñúgbiNÐ:tikg<;’ ÉZutg< rbs´biNÐ:tikg<Pik¡úTaMgbI BYkenHÉg rEmgEbkZøay


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kñúgxN;EdlxøÜneRtkGr nUvGtierklaP mansg¹Ptþ CaedIm . enHCakarEbkZøay kñúgbiNÐ:tikg<Zug< .

cMENkGanisgSvij dUcteTAenH KW ‘1’ sPaBCaGñkman esckþIRbtibtþi smKYrdl´nisS&y eRBaH:lIza ²bBVC¢aGaRs&y

karbriePaKnUvBMnUt:y EdlEsVgrkedaykmøaMgsμg³ dUecñHç ‘2’ RbRBwtþiCab´edaybuK<ldéTç

‘3’ PaBCaGñkminmankiriya

‘4’ PaBCaGñkmanbc©&y EdlRBH

manRBHPaKRTg´Rtas´sresIr za ²ePaCnTaMgenaH mantémøticpg

Pik¡úrk:nedaygaypg minmaneTaspg³ dUecñHç

‘5’ PaB én

kiriyajaMjInUvesckþIx¢ilRcGUs ‘6’ PaBCaGñkmankarciJ©wmCIvit brisuTÆsÁatç

‘7’ kiriyabMeBjnUvesckþIRbtibtþi kñúgesk¡iyvtþç

‘8’ PaBCaGñkmin:c´ciJ©wmGñkdéTç ‘9’ kareZVInUvesckþIGnueRKaH dl´CndéTç

‘10’ karlHbg´nUvmanHç

‘11’ kiriyahamXat´

nUvcMNg´kñúgrs‘énePaCn’ç ‘12’ PaBCaGñkminmanGabtþi eday KNePaCnsik¡abT

brm|rePaCnsik¡abT

Zutg<nieTÞs

minCab´ edaybuK<ldéT lHbg´esckþIelμaP kúñg Gahar:nehIy EtgRtac´eTA:n kñúgTisTaMg 4

‘GanisgSkñúgbiNÐ:tikg<;’

kiriyatMkl´enA kúñgGriyvgSTIBIrç

146

nig

caritsik¡abT

rEmgbenÞabg´nUvesckþIx¢ilRcGUs GaCIv;rbs´elak esat k*brisuTÆsÁatç eRBaHehtuenaHÉg Pik¡ú Gñk manR:C\alÁ minKb|IemIlgay nUvdMeNIrEdlRtac´ eTAedIm|IPik¡aeLIy . eRBaHza BYkeTvta EtgRsLaj´ cMeBaHPik¡úGñk mankarRtac´eTA EtxøÜn

edIm|IbiNÐ:tCaRbRktI

minciJ©wmnUvbuK<ldéT

ciJ©wm

mansPaBEbbenH

Etza BYkeTvta EtgminRsLaj´ cMeBaHPik¡úEdl GaRs&ylaP nig esckþIsresIreLIy . enH KÅCakarBN(na nUvviZan énkarsmaTanç RbePTç kar EbkZøay nig GanisgS kñúgbiNÐ:tikg<; . 4- sbTancarikg<;

‘viZIsmaTankñúgsbTancarikg<;’

‘13’ PaBCaGñkmankiriyaRbRBwtþid*smKYr dl´Gb|icätaKuN Ca

‘42’ ÉGg< énPik¡úGñkmankiriyaRtac´eTA tamlMdab´Rck Ca

‘15’ kiriyaGnueRKaH

RbRktI CaGg<EdlPik¡úsmaTanehIy edayBaküTaMg 2 y¨ag enH

edImç

‘14’ kiriyabeg,InnUvsmμabdibtþiç

dl´RbCMuCnCMnan´eRkay . ‘GvsanKaza kñúgbiNÐ:tikg<;’

RBHeyaKI GñkmanesckþIeRtkGredayesμI> kñúg dMu:yEdleKeZVIoCaBMnUt> mankiriyaciJ©wmCIvit

BaküNamYy za ²x\úMhamXat´nUvkarRbRBwtþielaPln´ç x\úMsmaTan Gg<énPik¡úGñkmankiriyaRtac´eTAtamlMdab´Rck CaRbRktI³ dUecñH . ‘viZIkñúgsbTancarikg<;’ k*sbTancarikPik¡úenaH

RtUvQreT[bTVarénRsuk

ehIyKb|I


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kMNt´emIlkarminmanGnþray . esckþIGnþray rEmgmanenARtg´ Rck ß RsukÉNamYy .

karEdlPik¡úlHbg´Rck nig RsukenaH

ehIyRtac´eTATIdéTeT[t eTIbKYr . Pik¡ú min:nnUvePaCnbnþicbnþÜc eT[bTVarpÞHÉNakþI kúñgRckkþI kñúgRsukkþI Pik¡úRtUveZVIoCasJ¦a za minEmnCaRsukehIy Kb|IRtac´eTATIdéT .

Pik¡ú :nnUvePaCntic

tYc kúñgTINa karEdlPik¡úlHbg´TIenaHehIyeTA minKYreLIy . Etza Pik¡úenH Kb|IcUleTAmunevla eRBaHza ebIeZVIdUecñH Pik¡úenH GaclHbg´kEnøg EdlminCaTIsb|ayehIy eTAkñúgTIdéTeT[t . ebImanmnusSeKeZVITan kñúgvtþ ß mkkNþalpøÚv TTYlyk:Rt

148 RbeKn

minRtUvRtac´eTArMlgRsuk

Edldl´RBmehIy

kñúgevlaRtac´eTA

edIm|IPik¡aeLIy. sbTancarikPik¡úenH eTaHbImin:nPik¡akþI :ntic tYckþI k*RtUvEtRtac´eTA tamlMdab´énpÞH kñúgRsukenaH .

ebIeBaltamRbePT

EmnBit kñúgZutg<enH sbTancarikPik¡ú GñkR:kdesμI

sbTancarikPik¡úenHÉg man 3 BYk .

ÉkEnøgEdlRBHmha-

ksSbetærenaH lHbg´:Rt rEmgR:kd . Pik¡úzñak´kNþal rEmg TTYlcgØan´

EdlTayknaMmkehIyBIxagmuxpg BIxageRkaypg

nUvcgØan´EdlTayknaMmkehIy

kñúgevlaRtLb´mkvijpg

bg´:RtenAeT[bTVarpÞHCndéTpg . Gg<úyrg´caMPik¡a .

biNÐ:tikPikú¡zñak´óRkidð .

lH

b¨uEnþsbTancarikPik¡úenH min

sbTancarikPik¡úenaH

eQμaHza RbRBwtþtam

sbTancarikPik¡ú zñak´Gn´ Gg<úyrg´caM

‘Pik¡a’ kñúgézáenaH:n . ‘karEbkZøay kñúgsbTancarikg<;’ k*Zutg< énsbTancarikPik¡úTaMg 3 BYkenH kalebImankar Rtac´eTAedIm|IbiNÐ:t

edayesckþIelaPln´ekIteLIg

k*rEmg

EbkZøay . enH CakarEbkZøay kñúgsbTancarikg<Zutg<enH . ‘GanisgS kñúgsbTancarikg<;’ ÉGanisgSdUecñH KW ‘1’ PaBCabuK<lzμIezμag Gs´kalCanic© kñúgRtkUlTaMgLayç

‘RbePTénsbTancarikPik¡ú’

manEtlHbg´:RteT[bTVarpÞH

edayRBHmhaksSbetær minmaneLIy .

enH KÅCa

viZanénsbTancarikg<;enH .

kñúgevlaRtLb´mkvijpg

énCndéT .

ehIy RbeKnbiNÐ:t dl´Pik¡úenaHç karEdlPik¡úenaH TTYlk*KYr . mYyvijeT[t sbTancarikPik¡úenH kalkMBugedIreTA kan´pøÚvk*eday

Zutg<nieTÞs

‘2’

PaBCabuK<llÁ

‘3’ karlHbg´mcäriy; kñúgRtkUlç GnueRKaHd*esμaHesμIç

eRb[bdUcCaRBHc&nÞç

‘4’ PaBCaGñkmanesckþI

‘5’ minmaneTas kñúgkarcUleTAkan´RtkUlç

bNþaTaMg 3 BYkenaH sbTancarikPik¡ú zñak´óRkidð minTTYl nUv

‘6’

cgØan´EdleKnaMykmkehIy

‘7’ PaBCaGñkminmanesckþIRtUvkar edayGaharEdleKnaMmkoç

TayknaMmkehIy

GMBIxagmuxpg

nUvcgØan´Edl

GMBIxageRkaypg nUvcgØan´EdlTayk naMmk

karminTTYleRtkGr

nUvBaküEdleKehArk

edaykarnimnþç

‘8’ PaBCaGñkmankarRbRBwtþi smKYrdl´Gb|icätaKuNCaedIm .


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sbTancarikPikú¡ kñúgsasnaenH CabuK<llÁ eRb[b dUcRBHc&nÞ CabuK<lezμagzμICanic© kñúgRtkUlTaMgLay CaGñkminkMNaj´ CaGñkmanesckþIGnueRKaHesμI dl´ RtkUlTaMgBYg CaGñkrYcRsLH cakeTasEdlekIt eLIg dl´kulub|kPik¡ú eRBaHehtuenaH Pik¡úCaGñkR:C\ kalR:zñacg´Rtac´eTAelIEpndI tamTMenIgcitþ RtUvEt lHbg´ nUvkiriyaRtac´eTA edIm|IbiNÐ:t tamPaB RtUvmanck¡úsMLwgcuHeRkam

RtUvRkeLk

emIl EtRtwmmYyCYrnwm Kb|IRbRBwtþnUvGg< énPikúG ¡ ñk mankarRtac´eTAbiNÐ:t tamlMdab´RckcuH . enH CaesckþIBN(na nUvviZanénkarsmaTanç RbePTç kar EbkZøay nig GanisgS kñúgsbTancarikg<Zutg< .

CaZutg<EdlPik¡úsmaTanehIy

edayBaküTaMg 2 enH BaküNamYyza ²x\úM hamXat´karbriePaK ePaCn elIGasn;epSg >ç

x\úM smaTannUvGg< énPikú¡Gñkmankar

bidkbI eBalza ²Pik¡ú RtUvrkSaGasn; ß Kb|IrkSaePaCnç b¨uEnþ Pik¡úrUbenH manePaCnBMuTan´ElgehIyç nUvvtþ

eRBaHehtuenaH Pik¡ú cUreZVI

EtcUrkMuqan´ePaCneLIy³ dUecñH .

enH KÅCaviZan én

Ékasnikg<Pik¡úenH . ‘RbePTénÉkasnikPik¡ú’ ebIeBaledayRbePT ÉkasnikPik¡úenH man 3 BYk . bNþa Pik¡úTaMg 3 BYkenH ÉkasnikPik¡ú zñak´óRkidðç ePaCn mantickþI eRcInkþIç

Pik¡úenaH lUkédcUlkñúgePaCnNa min:nkan´ykePaCn

déTeRkAGMBIePaCnenaHeT .

EtebImnusSTaMgLay eKKiteXIjza

²RBHezr;enH minqan´vtæúGVIbnþicbnþÜceT³ dUecñHehIy naMykvtæúTaMg

ÉkasnikPik¡úzñak´kNþalç ebIPtþ kñúg:RtminTan´Gs´ drabNaç Etg:nedIm|ITTYlnUvePaCndéT drabenaH . eQμaHza CaGñkmanePaCnCaTIbMput.

eRBaHza Pik¡úrUbenH

ÉkasnikPik¡úzñak´Gn´ ebImin

eRBaHza ÉkasnikPik¡úenaH eQμaHza óTkbriynþik; ‘CaGñkmanTwk

‘viZIkñúgÉkasnikg<;’ k*ÉkasnikPik¡úenaH kalebIGg<úyenA elIGasnsala min RtUvEtkMNt´nUvGasn;

cMENkRBHcULaPyetær GñkRTRTg´

Tan´eRkakcakGasn; drabNa Etg:nedIm|Inwgqan´ drabenaH .

briePaKePaCn EtelIGasn; 1 CaRbRktI³ .

RtUvGg<úy elIezrasn;eLIy

Pik¡ú eRkakeTAeZVIvtþ eTIbKYr .

eRbIR:s´CaePsC¢;Etb¨ueNÑaHç minKYr edIm|IeRbIR:s´CaGahareT.

‘viZIsmaTan kúñgÉkasnikg<;’ Ékasnikg<Zutg<vij

ebIxøÜnqan´ePaCnminTan´rYcç Gacarü ß RBHóbCÄay¾ nimnþmkdl´ç

Lay manTwkedaHzøaCaedIm mkRbeKnç vtæúTaMgGs´enaH KYredIm|I

5- Ékasnikg<; ‘43’

Zutg<nieTÞs

za ²Gasn;enH nwgRtUv:ndl´GatμaGj³ dUecñHehIy swmGg<úyç

‘GvsanKaza kñúgsbTancarikg<;’

EdlelμaP

150

d*smKYr

kúñgTIbMput’ k*:n eRBaHza ebIminTan´TTYlTwklag:Rt drabNa enAqan´:n drabenaH eQμaHza Gasnbriynþik;‘CaGñkmanGasn;


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CaTIbMput’ k*:n eRBaHza ebIminTan´eRkakcakBIGasn; drabNa eT enAqan´:n drabenaH .

152

Zutg<nieTÞs enH CaesckþIBN(na nUvviZan énkarsmaTanç RbePTç kar

EbkZøay nig GanisgS kñúgÉkasnikg<Zutg< .

‘karEbkZøay kñúgÉkasnikg<;’

6- btþbiNÐikg<;

k*Zutg<énÉkasnikPik¡úTaMg 3 enaH rEmgEbkZøay kñúgxN; EdlPik¡úenaH

qan´nUvePaCn elIGasn;epSg > .

enH KÅ Cakar

EbkZøay kñúgÉkasnikg<Pik¡úenH .

GaBaZticç

‘2’

dUcteTAenH

;

PaBCaGñkrs´enAminlM:k

ÉbtþbiNÐikg<Zutg<

CaKRmb´BIrç

‘1’

PaBCaGñkman

CaZutg<EdlPik¡úsmaTanehIy

x\úM smaTannUvGg< énPik¡úGñkmankarbriePaKnUvePaCn

Etkñúg:Rt CaRbRktI³ dUecñH .

KÅminmanesckþITuk¡

‘3’ kareRkakeLIgy¨agrh&sç ‘4’ mankmøaMgBlMç ‘5’ karenACa suxsb|ayç

‘44’

edayBaküTaMg 2 enH BaküNamYy za ²x\úM hamXat´nUvPaCn;

‘GanisgS kñúgÉkasnikg<;’ cMENkÉGanisgS

‘viZIsmaTankñúgbtþbiNÐikg<;’

‘6’ minRtUvGabtþi eRBaHGntiritþsik¡abT Cabc©&yç

‘7’ kiriyabenÞabg´ nUvesckþIcMNg´kñúgrsç ‘8’ PaBCaGñkman karRbRBwtþid*smKYr dl´KuNmanGb|icätaKuNCaedIm .

‘viZIkñúgbtþbiNÐikg<;’ k*btþbiNÐikPik¡úenaH

kñúgeBlhutbbr

kalebI:nmØÚbeRk[m

dak´kñúgPaCn;ehIy RtUvqan´mØÚbeRk[mmun k*:n ß hutbbr mun k*:n .

EtebIPik¡ú dak´mØÚbeRk[m kñúgbbrç kalebITaykdak´mØÚb

eRk[m manRbhukCaedImcUleTAç

bbrCarbs´EdleKKYrex¬Im .

‘GvsanKaza kñúgÉkasnikg<;’

EtRbsinebIPik¡úGñkqan´ ecHeZVIoeTACarbs´minKYrex¬ImeTAvijehIy

mineb[teb[nnUvRBHeyaKI GñkeRtkGr kúñgkarbriePaK

enH elakeBal sMedAykmØÚbeRk[m EdlmansPaBEbbenaH .

júaMgkargarrbs´xøÜnosabsUnüç eRBaHehtuenaH RBH

Pik¡ú RtUvdak´vtæúenaH .

eraKTaMgLay EdlmankarbriePaKePaCn Cabc©&y ePaCn EtelIGasn; 1 CaGñkminelμaP kñúgrs min eyaKIGñkmancitþsÁatbrisuTÆ Kb|IjúaMgesckþIeRtkGr oekIt kñúgkarbriePaKePaCn EtelIGasn; 1 Edl

CaehtuénkarenACasuxsb|ay EdlPik¡úGñkeRtkGr

kñúgseløxKuNd*sÁat cUleTACitesBehIy .

qan´eTIbKYr .

eRBaHehtuenaH Baküza rbs´EdlbuK<lminKYrex¬Im

ÉvtæúNa manTwkXμMú nig s,rRkamCaedIm Carbs´EdlminKYrex¬Imç

RbmaN .

karEdlbtþbiNÐikPik¡ú kan´nUvbEnøRss´ emImdMLÚg

qan´nwgéd eTIbKYr . mü¨ag .

EtPik¡úkalTTYl RtUvEtTTYl oKYrdl´

EtebImineZVIdUecñaHeT RtUvdak´eTA kñúg:RtEt

EteRBaHhamPaCn;TIBIr vtæúdéT sUm|IEtsøwkeQI k*min

KYreLIy . enHCaviZanénbtþbiNÐikPik¡úenH .


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‘RbePTénbtþbiNÐikPik¡ú’ ebIeBaltamRbePT

btþbiNÐikPik¡úenHÉg

bNþabtþbiNÐikPik¡ú 3 BYkenaH

man

3

BYk

.

cMeBaHbtþbiNÐikPik¡ú zñak´óRkidð

nwgerIssMramecalk*minKYr ev[rElgEtevlaEdlqan´GMeBA . kMu zadl´eTAemøaH sUm|IEtbMEbkdMu:y sac´RtI nig nMTaMgLayehIy qan´ k*minKYr . qan´k*KYr .

cMeBaHPik¡ú zñak´kNþal bMEbkedayédm¡agehIy

Pik¡ú zñak´kNþalenH eQμaHza htæeyaKI ‘GñkRbkb cMENkPik¡ú zñak´Gn´ eQμaHza btþeyaKI ‘GñkRbkb

edayéd’ . eday:Rt’ .

cMeBaHbtþbiNÐikPik¡ú zñak´Gn´enaH ePaCnNa Gac

dak´cUleTA kñúg:Rt:n k*GacedIm|IbMEbknUvePaCnenaH edayéd

kñúgxN;EdlPik¡úTaMg 3 enaH

rEmgEbkZøay

eRtkGrnUvPaCn; CaKRmb´BIr .

cMENkGanisgSvij dUcteTAenH KÅ; ‘1’ karbgÁn´nUvcMNg´ ‘2’ karlHbg´nUvesckþIR:zña d*

‘3’ PaBCaGñkeXIjRbmaNénRbeyaCn¾ kñúgGaharç

‘4’ minmanesckþIlM:k eRBaHrkSaTuknUvPaCn¾ manzasCaedImç ‘5’

Gñkmanvtþd*lÁ

manck¡úsMLwgcuHeRkam

lHbg´nUvesckþIraymay kñúgPaCn;epSg> TukdUc CaCIkrMelIg nUvb\sTaMgLay énesckþIcMNg´ kñúg rs CaGñkmancitþlÁsÁat RTRTg´nUvesckþIsenþas hak´dUcCaRTRTg´nUvrUbkay rbs´xøÜn btþbiNÐikPiP¡ú ÉeT[t Gg<Naesat k*nwgKb|IbriePaKGahar ‘kñúg PaCn;epSg> :n’ . enH CaesckþIBN(na nUvviZan énkarsmaTanç RbePTç kar

PaBCaGñkminbriePaK mancitþraymayCaRbRktIç

‘viZIsmaTankñúgxlubcäaPtþikg<;’ ‘45’ sUm|IxlubcäaPtþikg<; k*CaZutg<EdlPik¡úsmaTanehIy

nUvGtiritþePaCn ‘ePaCnd*sl´’ x\úM smaTannUvGg< énPik¡úGñkman

‘GanisgS kñúgbtþbiNÐikg<;’

elIslb´ç

RBHeyaKI

edayBaküTaMg 2 enH BaküNamYy za ²x\úM hamXat´karbriePaK

enH CakarEbkZøay kñúgbtþbiNÐikg<;enH .

kñúgePaCnEdlmanrsepSg >ç

‘GvsanKaza kñúgbtþbiNÐikg<;’

7- xlubcäaPtþikg<;

‘karEbkZøay kñúgbtþbiNÐikg<;’ rbs´btþbiNÐikPik¡úTaMg 3 BYkenH

Zutg<nieTÞs

EbkZøay nig GanisgS kñúgbtþbiNÐikg<Zutg<enH .

ß xaM TMBa edayeZμjehIy qan´:nTaMgGs´ .

k*Zutg<

154

‘6’ PaB

CaGñkmankiriyaRbRBwtþid*smKYr dl´Gb|icätaKuNCaedIm .

karminbriePaKnUvPtþEdlxøÜnmanePaCn hamrYcehIy eTIb:nmk kñúgkalCaxageRkay CaRbRktI³ dUecñH . ‘viZIkñúgxlubcäaPtþikg<;’ k*xlubcäaPtþikPiik¡úenaH

hamePaCnrYcehIy

eZVIePaCn Cakb|iy;ehIy briePaKeT[teLIy . énxlubcäaPtþikPik¡ún@uH .

minRtUvoeK enH KÅCaviZan


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‘RbePTénxlubcäaPtþikPik¡ú’ ebIeBaleTAtamRbePT xlubcäaPtþikPik¡úenH man 3 BYk . bNþaTaMg 3 BYkenaH xlubcäaPtþikPik¡ú zñak´óRkidðç eRBaHehtuEdl eQμaHza karhamXat´ kñúgdMu:yCadMbUg minmanç b¨uEnþkalebI dMu:y CadMbUgenaH KWelakkMBugEtelbcUleTA ‘ehIyhamXat´’ ePaCndéT eTIbeQμaHza hamXat´ç eRBaHehtuenaH Pik¡úzñak´óRkidð enaH eQμaHza hamePaCn y¨agenHehIy k*elbdMu:yCadMbUg hYscUleTAehIy minqan´dMu:yCaKRmb´ 2 .

Pik¡ú zñak´kNþal

hamehIy kñúgePaCnNa qan´EtePaCnenaHb¨ueNÑaH . Pik¡úzñak´Gn´ minTan´eRkakcakGasn; drabNa k*enAqan´:n drabenaH . ‘karEbkZøay kñúgxlubcäaPtþikg<;’

156

Zutg<nieTÞs

mindl´nUvesckþIlM:k eRBaHkarEsVgrkbc©&y min eZVInUvkiriyasnSMTuk

ecIseBaH:nç eRBaHehtuenaH RBHeyaKIGñkmanR:zña edIm|IkMcat´bg´ nUveTasTaMgLay Kb|IKb´rknUvZutg< EdlRBHsuKt RTg´Rtas´sresIrza CaZmμCatjúaMg esckþIcMerIn

edayKuN

Cakb|iy;

ehIyqan´ . enHCakarEbkZøay kñúgxlubcäaPtþikg<;n@uH . ‘GanisgS kñúgxlubcäaPtþikg<;’ cMENkGanisgSvij dUcteTAenHKÅ ‘1’ PaBCaGñkqáaycak Gabtþi EdlRtUveRBaHkarqan´nUvGntiritþePaCnç ‘2’ minmanénPaB CaGñkmanGaharecIseBaH ‘cak´Rcas’ç

‘3’ PaBCaGñkminsnSM

Gamisç ‘4’ minmankarEsVgrkmþgeT[tç ‘5’ PaBCaGñkmankar RbRBwtþismKYr dl´Zutg<KuNTaMgLay manGb|icätaKuNCaedIm . ‘GvsanKaza kñúgxlubcäaPtþikg<;’

RBHeyaKI GñkmanR:C\a CaGñkrkSaxlubcäaPtþikg<;

mankarsenþasCaedIm

oekItRBmenHcuH . enH CaesckþIBN(na nUvviZan énkarsmaTanç RbePTç kar EbkZøay nig GanisgS kñúgxlubcäaPtþikg<; . 8- GarJ¦ikg<;

Zutg< rbs´xlubcäaPtþikPik¡úTaMg 3 BYkenH EbkZøay kñúg xN;EdlPik¡úTaMg 3 BYkenaH hamehIy oeKeZVI

lHbg´nUvPaBCaGñkmanGahar

‘viZIsmaTan kñúgGarJ¦ikg<;’ ‘46’ cMENkGarJ¦ikg<;CaZutg<EdlPik¡úsmaTanehIyeday BaküTaMg 2 enH BaküÉNamYy za ²x\úM hamXat´nUvesnasn; CitRsukç x\úMsmaTanGg<énPik¡úGñkmankiriyaenAkúñgéRBCaRbRktI³ . ‘viZIkñúgGarJ¦ikg<;’ k*GarJ¦ikPik¡úenaH RtUvlHbg´ nUvesnasn; CitRsukehIy júaMgGruNorHeLIg kñúgéRB . ‘kMNt´esnasn;kúñgéRB’ kñúgBaküTaMgenaH esnasn;CitRsuk .

RsukCamYynwgóbcar;nu@HÉg

eQμaHza

RsukÉNanImYy manEtxÞmmYykþI eRcInkþI


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158

Zutg<nieTÞs

manrbgB&TÆCMuvijkþI minmankþI manmnusSGaRs&yenAkþI minmankþI

edaybriyaykñúgRBHsURtza ²TIesnasn; Edlmancmáay 500

eQμaHza Rsukç edayehaceTA sUm|IQμÜjreTHNamYy eTAsMct

ZñÚ y¨agticbMput eQμaHza esnasn;EdltaMgenAkñúgéRBç enHCa

enACag 4 Ex k*eQμaHza RsukEdr . cMeBaHRsukEdlmanrbgB&TÆ

lk¡N; kñúgBaküza éRBenH .

CMuvij ebImanssrex]n 2 dUcCaGnuraZburI karZøak´cuHéndMudI rbs´

enaH cMeBaHRsukEdleK:neZVIrbgB&TÆehIy Pik¡ú GñkmankiriyaenA

bursEdlmankmøaMgy¨agmZüm EdlQrenARtg´ssrex]n man

kñúgéRBCavtþ Kb|Ivas´ cab´taMgGMBIssreKaleTA edayZñÚ rbs´

enARtg´cenøaHxagkñúg eQμaHza óbcar;énRsuk .

RBHvin&yZrTaMg

GacarüEdlTajdMeLIgehIyç cMeBaHRsuk EdleKmin:neZVIrbg

Lay eBalza ²Élk¡N; énRsukenaH :ndl´TIxagkñúg énTICa

B&TÆehIy Kb|Ivas´ cab´edImGMBIkarZøak´cuH éndMudICadMbUg rhUteTA

TIZøak´cuHéndMudI EdlbuK<lecaleTAehIy dUcCaBYkmnusSekμg >

Tl´KñanwgrbgRBHvihar . RBHGdðkzacarüeBal kñúgGdðkzaénRBH

kalnwgsMEdgnUvkmøaMg rbs´xøÜn lanUvedImédehIy ecaldMudIeTA

vin&yTaMgLayza ²EtRbsinebIviharmin:neZVIrbgB&TÆç esnasn;

dUecñaHÉg³ .

cMENk BYkelakGñkEdlRTRTg´RBHsURt eBalza

dMbUgeKbgÁs´kþI

salaPtþkþI

esnasn; EdltaMgenA kñúgéRB

kEnøgRbCMu

eT[gTat´kþI

²xagkñúgénTIEdlCaTIZøak´cuH éndMudIEdleKecalehIy edayTMng

ectiykþI ÉNanImYy ebIenAqáay BIesnasn;ç

énkaredjEkÁk eQμaHza elNÐú:t³ dUecñH .

oCaextþkMNt´ehIyvas´cuH .

Kb|IRCabvinicä&y

Pik¡ú Kb|IeZVITIenaH

‘dUcteTA’

ÉkñúgGdðkzamCÄimnikay elakeBal za ²GarJ¦ikPik¡ú Kb|I

matuRKam QrEk|rTVarpÞH cugbMputeKTaMgGs´ ykPaCn; CHTwk

elIkvas´nUvóbcar;énvihar Rtg´cenøaHénelNÐú:tTaMg 2 odUc

eTAdl´TINaç TIEdlTwkZøak´eTAenaH eQμaHza óbcar; énpÞH .

Caóbcar;énRsukdUecñaH³.

karZøak´cuHéndMudImYydMu edayn&yEdlelakeBalehIyGMBIóbcar;

ebImanRsukenACit Pik¡úEdlenAkñúgvtþ »sMeLgBYkmnusS Etmin

énpÞHenaH

eQμaHza óbcar;

GacnwgedIrRtg´eTA:n eRBaHmanPñM nig sÞwgCaedIm xNÐehIyenA

cMENkéRB ebIeBaltamRBHvin&yCamun RBHó:lietær

Rtg´cenøaHç pøÚvÉNa CapøÚvRbRktI rbs´GñkRsukenaHç RbsinebI

eBalehIyza ²TITaMgGs´n@uH elIkElgEtRsuk nig óbcar;én

pøÚvenaH KWCnTaMgLayKb|IsJ©rtamnavaç GarJ¦ikPik¡ú Kb|IkMNt´

Rsukecjb¨ueNÑaH eQμaHza éRB³ dUecñH .

ykTIRbEvg 500 ZñÚ tampøÚvenaHcuH .

énRsuk .

kñúgpÞHEdleKmin:neZVIrbgB&TÆ

edImeBaZikþI

eQμaHza Rsuk .

elNÐú:tTI 2

ebIeBaleTAtamRBH

enHCaRbmaNkñúgviZIvas´n@uH .

Rbsin

EtGarJ¦ikPik¡ú Na biT

GPiZmμ elakeBalza ²TITaMgGs´ ecjeTAxageRkA GMBIssr

pøÚvtamcenøaHenaH> edIm|IjúaMgGg<énRsukCitodl´RBmç GarJ¦ik-

eKaln@uH eQμaHza éRB³ . b¨uEnþlk¡N;Edlelak:neBalehIy

Pik¡úenH eQμaHza Zutg<ecar .

EtRbsinebIRBHóbCÄay¾ ß Gacarü


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160

Zutg<nieTÞs

Pik¡úenaH min:nesckþIsb|ay

sigmYyEPøtsin swmeTA³ dUecñHehIy k*siglk´eTAç GruN k*

kñúgéRB Kb|InaMóbCÄay¾ ß GacarüenaH eTAkan´TIesnasn; Cit

rHeLIg ßk* júaMgGruN orHeLIg kñúgTIesnasn; CitRsuk tam

RsukehIybMerIcuH .

esckþIeBjcitþrbs´xøÜnç

rbs´GarJ¦ikPik¡úenaH manGaBaZç

Etza GarJ¦ikPik¡ú RtUvecjGMBIRBwkRBham

RtUvoGruN rHeLIg kñúgTIRbkbedayGg< . zaebIkñúgeBlEdl GruN rHeLIg GaBaZrbs´óbCÄay¾ ß GacarüTaMgenaH rwtEtxøaMg eLIgç GarJ¦ikPik¡ú RtUveZVIkic© edIm|IóbCÄay¾ nig GacarüTaMgenaH vijcuH . GarJ¦ikPik¡ú minRtUvCaGñksÁatsÁMbrisuTÆ kñúgZutg< Et mü¨agenaHeT .

enHCaviZan énGarJ¦ikg<Zutg<n@uH . ‘RbePTénGarJ¦ikPik¡ú’

ebIeBaltamRbePT GarJ¦ikPik¡úenHÉg man 3 BYk . bNþa 3 BYkenaH GarJ¦ikPik¡ú zñak´óRkidð Kb|IjúaMgGruN orHeLIg kñúg éRB Gs´kalTaMgBYg .

GarJ¦ikPik¡ú zñak´mZüm rEmg:n edIm|I

enA kúñgesnasn;CitRsuk Gs´rdUvePø{g 4 Ex .

cMENkxag

GarJ¦ikPik¡ú Gñkzñak´Gn´ rEmg:n edIm|IenA Gs´rvag 4 Ex kñúg ehmnþrdUv teTAeT[tk*:n .

k*kalGarJ¦ikPik¡úTaMg 3 BYkenH mkGMBIéRB kñúgeBlEdl xøÜn:nkMNt´ehIyy¨agNa sþab´Zm( kñúgTIesnasn; CitRsukç Zutg< minEbkZøayeT .

kalebI

GarJ¦ikPik¡ú sþab´Zm(ehIyeTAç sUm|IGruN rHeLIg Rtg´cenøaHpøÚv k*eday

Zutg< k*minEbkZøayEdr

eRkakeLIgehIy ‘Qb´eTsna’ç

.

Etza kalebIRBHZmμkzik

ebIGarJ¦ikPik¡ú Kitza ²BYkeyIg

enH CakarEbkZøay

kñúgGarJ¦ikg<Zutg<n@uH . ‘GanisgS kñúgGarJ¦ikg<;’ cMENkGanisgSvij dUecñH KW ‘1’ GarJ¦ikPik¡ú kaleZVITuk kñúgcitþnUvesckþIsMKal´za éRB CaGñksmKYr edIm|I:nnUvsmaZi EdlxøÜnminTan´:nenAeLIypgç

‘2’ CaGñkKYredIm|IrkSaTuk nUv

smaZi EdlxøÜn:nrYcehIypgç

‘3’ sUm|IRBHsasþa k*RTg´eBj smdUcCaRBHGg<Rtas´za ²mñal

RBHhb\T&y cMeBaHPik¡úenaH .

naKit; eRBaHehtuenaH tzaKt CaGñkmancitþeRtkGr edaykiriya enAkñúgéRBrbs´Pik¡úenaH

‘1’ ³dUecñH .

‘4’ GnþrayTaMgLayman

rEmgRKbsg,t´citþ

rUbEdlminCaTIsb|ayCaedIm

rbs´Pik¡úGñk

mankiriyaenA kúñgTIesnasn;sáat´ CaRbRktIenaH min:neTç

‘5’

GarJ¦ikPik¡úenaH CaGñkminmanesckþItk´søúteTç ‘6’ rEmglHbg´ nUvesckþIeRtkGr kúñgCIvit:nç

‘karEbkZøaykñúgGarJ¦ikg<;’

kalebIGruN rHeLIgehIyç

Zutg< EbkZøay .

esckþIsuxEdlekItBIvievkç

‘8’

‘7’ rEmg:nesaynUvrs én sUm|IPaBCaGñkRTRTg´nUvsMBt´

bMsukUlCaedIm k*rEmgsmKYr dl´GarJ¦ikPik¡ú GñkmanRbRktIenA kñúgéRBCavtþn@uHpg . ‘GvsanKaza kñúgGarJ¦ikg<;’

RBHeyaKI Gñkmancitþsáb´sáat´ minRcLÚkRcLMeday 1–

suÇ

GMÇ GÇ

PaKTI 48 TMB&rTI 362 .


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BYk eRtkGrEtkñúgTIesnasn; Edlsáat´ júaMgRBH hb\T&y rbs´RBHelaknaz oRTg´RBHGMNr:n edaykiriyaenA kñúgéRB GaRs&yenA kñúgéRBEtmñak´ Ég rEmg:nnUvesckþIsux ÉNa sUm|IeTvtaTaMg Lay RBmTaMgRBH«®nÞ k*min:nesay nUvrsén esckþIsuxEbbenaHeLIy .

k*GarJ¦ikPik¡ú enHÉg

162

k*ruk¡mUlikPik¡úenaH Kb|Iev[rnUvedImeQITaMgLayenH KÅ ; edIm eQIEdlfitenA Rtg´RBMEdnç edImeQIEdleKeKarBbUCaç edImeQI EdlmanC&rç edImeQIEdlmanEpøç edImeQIEdlmanp,aç edImeQI EdlmanBYkstVRbeC[venAGaRs&yç

cUleTAkan´TIs®g<am

eBalKWéRB

ykZutg<d*esssl´CaeyaZa CaGñkGac edIm|Inwg c|aMgQñHmar RBmTaMgBahn;:n minyWtyUreLIy ehtuenaH Pik¡úEdlCabNÐit Kb|IeZVInUvesckþIeRtk Gr kñúgkiriyaenA kñúgéRBcuH . enH CaesckþIBN(na nUvviZan énkarsmaTanç RbePTç kar EbkZøay nig GanisgS kñúgGarJ¦ikg<; . 9- ruk¡mUlikg<;

‘viZIsmaTan kúñgruk¡mUlikg<;’ ‘47’

sUm|Iruk¡mUlikg<;

k*CaZutg<EdlPik¡úsmaTanehIy

EdlfitenAkñúgTIbMputénvtþcuH .

GaRs&yeT[bKl´eQICaRbRktI³ dUecñH . ‘viZIkñúgruk¡mUlikg<;’

enH KÅCaviZanénruk¡mUlikg<;n@uH .

‘RbePTénruk¡mUlikPik¡ú’ ebIeBaltamRbePT sUm|Iruk¡mUlikPik¡úenH k*man 3 BYk . bNþa 3 BYkenaH ruk¡mUlikPik¡úzñak´óRkidð Rbkan´ykedImeQI tam esckþIeBjcitþ rbs´xøÜnehIy oeKe:sRcaso min:neLIyç RtUve:sEtkMj¨msøwkeQITMu enAcuH . enaH

EdlRCuHmk

edayeCIgehIy

Kb|I

ruk¡mUlikPik¡úzñak´kNþal ebIeRbImnusSEdledIrmkdl´TI

oe:sRcaso:n

mnusSrkSavtþ

nig

.

ruk¡mUlikPik¡ú

sameNrTaMgLaymk

zñak´Gn´

eTaHbIehA

eRbIoCRmHeZVITIenaH

oesμIehIy oerayraydIxSac´ eZVIrbgB&TÆ oRbkbTVarrYceRsc ehIyswmenAcuH. EtkñúgézáEdlBYkmnusSeZVIbuNüqøg ruk¡mUlikPik¡ú minRtUvGg<úyenA

kñúgTIenaHeLIy

RtUvEtecjeTA

Gg<úyenAkñúgTI

ÉeT[t EdlCaTIbiT:Mg .

edayBaküTaMg 2 enH BaküNamYy za ²x\úM hamXat´esnasn; EdleKRbk´edaydm|Úlç x\úM smaTanGg< énPik¡úGñkmankiriyaenA

edImeQIEdlmanRbehagç

edImeQIEdlduHenAcMkNþalvtþehIy Kb|IkMNt´yk nUvedImeQI

kalebI:nRTRTg´ nUvsMBt´bMsukUl TukdUcCaeRK]g eRkaHEzmeT[t

Zutg<nieTÞs

‘karEbkZøay kñúgruk¡mUlikg<;’ ÉZutg<

rbs´ruk¡mUlikPik¡úTaMg

3

BYkenHÉg

EtgEbkZøay

kñúgxN;EdlPik¡úTaMgenH sMerckarenA kñúgTIlMenAEdleKRbk´:Mg ehIy .

RBHezr; GñkeBalKm¬IrGg<útþrnikay eBalza ; ²Zutg<


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EbkZøay kñúgeBlRtwmEtruk¡mUlikPik¡údwgehIy júaMgGruN orH eLIg kñúgTIEdleKRbk´:MgehIy³ .

enH CakarEbkZøay kñúg

ruk¡mUlikg<Zutg<n@uH .

Zutg<nieTÞs

eTvtaEzrkSaehIy

cMENkGanisgSvij dUecñH KÅ ‘1’ sPaBCaGñkmanesckþI Rbtibtþid*smKYrdl´nisS&y eRBaH:lIza ²bBVC¢a RtUvGaRs&ynUv

TIesnasn;eT[bKl´eQI³ dUecñHç ‘2’ PaBCaGñkmanbc©&y Edl RBHmanRBHPaK Rtas´sresIrehIy za ² vtæúTaMgenH Carbs´tic ‘3’

PaB

énkarjúaMgGnic©sJ¦a oekIteLIg:n eday:neXIj nUvkarERb

EdlRkhmTMuéRkeBkpg ex[vpg el]gpg Edl Carbs´eT[gTat´ eRBaHehtunu@HÉg Pik¡úGñkmanR:C\a eXIjc|as´ minRtUvemIlgaynUvKl´eQI EdlCaTI sáb´sáat´ Caekrþi¾dMENlrbs´RBHBuTÆ CaTIlMenArbs´ elakGñkEdleRtkGréRkElg kñúgPavnaeLIy . enH CaesckþIBN(na nUvviZan énkarsmaTanç RbePTç kar EbkZøay nig GanisgS kñúgruk¡mUlikg<; . 10- GeBÖakasikg<;

RbYlénsøwkeQIer]y>ç ‘4’ minmanesckþIkMNaj´kñúgesnasn; nig PaBCaGñkeRtkGr kñúgkargarç CamYynwgBYkeTvtaç

kaleXIjnUvsøwkeQITaMgLay

RCuHZøak´ehIy rEmgbenÞabg´:n nUvesckþIsMKal´ za

‘GanisgS kñúgruk¡mUlikg<;’

pg rk:nedaygaypg minmaneTaspg ³ dUecñHç

164

‘5’ PaBCaGñkmankarenArYm

‘6’ PaBCaGñkmankarRbRBwtþismKYr dl´

Gb|icätaKuNCaedIm . ‘GvsanKaza kñúgruk¡mUlikg<;’

TIenAGaRs&y rbs´Pik¡úGñksáb´sáat´ EdlRBHBuTÆ CaeqñIm RTg´Rtas´sresIrehIypg RTg´Rtas´ za CanisS&y ‘rbs´bBVCit’ pg oesμIedayKl´eQI nwgmanmkGMBINa/ eRBaHza Pik¡úEdlmanvtþ d*lÁ kalenAGaRs&y eT[bKl´eQI d*sáb´sáat´ CaTI kMcat´bg´ nUvesckþIkMNaj´ kñúgTIGavas CaTIEdl

‘viZIsmaTan kñúgGeBÖakasikg<;’ ‘48’ sUm|IGeBÖakasikg<; k*CaZutg<EdlPik¡úsmaTanehIy edayBaküTaMg 2 enH BaküNamYy za ²x\úM hamXat´nUvTIesnasn; EdleKRbk´:MgehIypg TIesnasn;eT[bKl´eQIpgç x\úM smaTanGg<énPik¡úGñkenAGaRs&ykñúgTIvalRsLHCaRbRktI³dUecñH. ‘viZIkñúgGeBÖakasikg<;’ k*kiriyacUleTAkan´eragóe:sz RbeyaCn¾dl´kareZVIóe:szkmμkþI enaH .

edIm|Isþab´RBHZm(kþI

rEmgKYr

edIm|I

dl´GeBÖakasikPik¡ú

ebIGeBÖakasikPik¡ú cUleTAehIy ePø{gbgÁúrcuHmkç kal

ebIePø{gkMBugEtbgÁúrcuHmkç GeBÖakasikPik¡ú kMuGalecjeTA RtUv ecjeTA kñúgeBlraMgePø{g . karEdlGeBÖakasikPik¡úenaH cUleTA


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166

Zutg<nieTÞs ‘karEbkZøay kñúgGeBÖakasikg<;’

kan´eragqan´ ß eragePøIg ehIyeZVIvtþkþI ‘cUleTA’ beRmInUvPik¡ú Ca ezr;TaMgLay edayGaharkñúgeragqan´kþI kaler[nedayxøÜnÉg ß beRg[neK

cUleTAkan´TIesnasn; EdleKRbk´:MgkþI

karEdl

k*Zutg< rbs´GeBÖakasikPik¡úTaMg 3 BYkenH rEmgEbkZøay kñúgxN;EdlPik¡úTaMgn@uH cUleTAkan´TIRbk´:Mg nig Kl´eQI edIm|I

GeBÖakasikPik¡ú CJ¢ÚneRK]gesnasn; manERK nig taMgCaedIm

nwgenA .

EdleKTukdak´minlÁ enAxageRkA ocUleTA xagkñúgkþI eTIbKYr .

EbkZøay kñúgeBlRtwmEtxøÜndwgehIy beNþayoGruN rHeLIg

ebIGeBÖakasikPik¡ú edIreTAtampøÚv mankan´ykeRK]gbrik¡ar rbs´

kñúgTIEdleKRbk´:Mg nig Kl´eQIenaH³ .

BYkPik¡úcas´eTAehIy

kñúgGeBÖakasikg<Zutg<n@uH .

TTYlmanePø{g

EdlfitenAkNþalpøÚvk*:n .

ebInwgcUleTAkan´sala

²GatμaGj nwgenAkñúgsala³ dUecñH minKYreT . EtRtUvedIrcUleTA tamdMeNIrCaRbRktI ehIyQrenA rhUtTal´EtePø{graMg swmedIr eTA . enH KWCaviZan énGeBÖakasikPik¡ún@uH . ÉesckþIBnül´ énruk¡mUlikPik¡ú k*dUcesckþIBnül´enHEdr .

ebIeBaltamRbePT GeBÖakasikPik¡úenH man 3 BYk . bNþa BYkenaH cMeBaHGeBÖakasikPik¡ú zñak´óRkidð

nwgcUleTAenAEpÁk

GaRs&yedImeQI PñM ßk* pÞHBMu:neLIyç RtUvEteZVIxÞmCavikaréncIvr enAkñúgTIvalRsLHEtmü¨ag .

cMENkGanisgSvij dUecñH KÅ ; ‘1’ kiriyapþac´bg´nUvesckþI kgVl´ kñúgGavasç

‘2’ kiriyabenÞabg´ecalnUvzInmiTÆ;ç ‘3’ PaB

CaGñkminTTak´TTam edayTIlMenA EdlsmKYrdl´BaküsresIr za ²Pik¡úTaMgLay CaGñkenAminCab´CMBak´nwgTIkEnøg Rtac´eTA min kMNt´TIlMenA dUcCastVRmwKTaMgLay ‘1’ ³ dUecñHç ‘4’ PaBCa GñkRtac´eTAkan´TisTaMgbYnç

‘RbePTénGeBÖakasikPik¡ú’

cMeBaHPik¡ú zñak´kNþal nwgcUleTA

enAGaRs&yedImeQIç PñM nig pÞH:n kMuEtcUleTAenABÆd*xagkñúg . cMeBaHPik¡úzñak´Gn´ jkPñMEdleKmin:nbiT:MgehIykþI CMrMeZVIeday EmkeQIkþI :raMEdleZVIedaysMBt´sadkkþI xÞmEdlBYkGñkcaMERs CaedIm e:Hbg´ecalehIy kñúgTIenaHkþI ebInwgcUleTARCk:n .

enH KWCakarEbkZøay

‘GanisgS kñúgGeBÖakasikg<;’

ebImin:nkan´eRK]gbrik¡arGVI> eTç

GeBÖakasikPik¡únwgedIrcUleTA y¨agRbjab´Rbjal´ edayKit za

3

RBHGg<útþrPaNketærTaMgLay eBalza ²Zutg< rEmg

‘5’ PaBCaGñkmankiriyaRbRBwtþi d*

smKYr dl´Gb|icätaKuNCaedIm . ‘GvsanKaza kñúgGeBÖakasikg<;’

RBHeyaKavcrPikú¡ kalenA kñúgTIvalRsLH Edl rk:nedaygay CaTIsmKYr dl´Pav;énbuK<lEdl minmanpÞH EdlmanEkvmNI KWdaraCaBidan man

RbTIbKWRBHc&nÞ sMrab´GucbMPøW mancitþ ‘minCab´CMBak´ nwgTIlMenA’ dUcCastVRmwK benÞabg´ nUvzInmiTÆ;:n 1- suÇ sMÇ sKÇ

PaKTI 30 TMB&rTI 189 .


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GaRs&y nUvPaBCaGñkeRtkGr kñúgPavna rEmg:n TTYlnUvesckþIrIkray

kñúgrs

énesckþIsáb´sáat´

minmanyWtyUreLIy eRBaHehtuNaç eRBaHehtuenaH Ég RBHeyaKI GñkmanbJ¦a Kb|ICaGñkeRtkGr kñúgTI valRsLHcuH .

Zutg<nieTÞs

manTIc®g,m nig mNÐbCaedIm tak´EtgERK nig taMg tm,l´nUv TwksRmab´qan´ nig TwksRmab´eRbIR:s´ ‘nwg’ minRtUvbeRg[nZ(m eLIy . eRBaHza Zutg<enH manTmán´eBkNas´ . eRBaHehtuenaH edIm|IkarBardl´esckþIGnþray EdlekIteLIg esasanikPik¡ú min RtUvCaGñkeZVsRbEhs RtUvEtBitTUldl´sg¹etær ßk* m®nþIraCa Rsuko:ndwgehIyswmcUlenAcuH . kaledIrc®g,mRtUvEtRkeLk

enH KÅCaesckþIBN(na nUvviZI énkarsmaTanç RbePTç kar EbkZøay nig GanisgS kñúgGeBÖakasikg<Zutg<

.

11- esasanikg<;

‘viZIsmaTan kñúgesasanikg<;’ ‘49’

168

sUm|Iesasanikg<;

k*CaZutg<EdlPik¡úsmaTanehIy

knÞúyEPñk eQμ{gemIleTAkEnøgsaksB eTIbc®g,m . sUm|Ikal edIrcUleTAkan´TIsμsan RtUvEteC[svagpøÚvZM ehIyedIreTA tampøÚv xageRkAcuH .

kñúgevlaézá RtUvkMNt´GarmμN¾ o:nCaeRsc .

eRBaHza kalebIesasanikPik¡úenaH kMNt´TukdUecñHehIyç enaHnwg minmaner]gEdlnaMomankarP&yxøac kñúgeBlyb´eLIy . ebIBYk

edayBaküTaMg 2 enH BaküNamYy za ²x\úM hamXat´nUvTIEdl

GmnusSedIrERsk

minEmnCaTIsμsanç

eLIy .

x\úM smaTannUvGg< énPik¡úGñkmankiriyaenA

GaRs&y kñúgTIsμsan CaRbRktI³ dUecñH . ‘viZIkñúgesasanikg<;’ k*mnusSTaMgLay kalksagRsuk kMNt´nUvTINamYy za

kñúgeBlyb´

minRtUvRbhar

edayvtæúGVImYy

minRtUvxaneTAkan´TIsμsan kñúgézá NanImYyoesaH .

RBHGg<útþrPaNketær eBalza ²esasanikPik¡ú júaMgmCÄimyamo Gs´eTA kñúgTIsμsanehIyRtLb´mkvij enAkñúgbcäimyam:n³ . minRtUvqan´láç

emSAç PtþEdllay edaysENþkraCmasç RtIç

²TIenH CaTIsμsan³ dUecñH esasanikPik¡úenaH minRtUvenA kñúgTIenaH

sac´ç nig bEgÁmEdllayedayTwkedaHRss´ç eRbgç s,rGMeBA

eT . eRBaHza TIenaH kalebIsaksBeKminTan´:ndutç k*minTan´

CaedIm EdlCacMNUlrbs´GmnusSTaMgLayeLIy. minRtUvcUl

eQμaHza CaTIsμsaneT .

eTAkan´pÞH énRtkUleLIy .

Etza cab´taMgBIeBlEdleKdutsak

sBehIy ebIsineKe:Hbg´TIenaHecal Gs´ry;eBl 12 qñaM k*eday k*eQμaHza TIsμsandEdl . k*Pik¡úGñkenA kñúgTIsμsanenaH minRtUveRbIoeKeZVITITaMgLay

enH KÅCaviZanénesasanikg<;nu@H .

‘RbePTénesasanikPik¡ú’ ebIeBaltamRbePT esasanikPik¡úenH man 3 BYk . bNþa Pik¡úTaMgbI BYkenaH esasanikPik¡úzñak´óRkidð Kb|IenAEtkñúgTIsμsan


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EdlmaneKdut ‘ßkb´’ saksBCanic© mansaksBEdleKecal Cab´mindac´ manmnusSeTAyMERskCanic©b¨ueNÑaH .

cMeBaHPik¡úzñak´

kNþal bNþaehtuTaMg 3 y¨agenaH oEtTIsμsan ÉNa man ehtuNamYy k*KYrenA:n .

Pik¡ú zñak´Gn´ kñúgTIRKan´Etdl´ nUv

lk¡N;CaTIsμsan k*KYrenA:n tamn&yEdleBalehIy .

Zutg< rbs´Pik¡úTaMg 3 BYkenH rEmgEbkZøay eRBaHseRmc RBHGg<útþrPaNketær eBal

za ²Zutg< rEmgEbkZøay kñúgéz EdlPik¡úenaH min:neTAkan´TI sμsan³ dUecñH .

enHKÅCakarEbkZøay kúñgesasanikg<;n@uH .

cMENkGanisgS mandUecñH KÅ; ‘1’ kiriya:nnUvmrNsStiç PaBCaGñkenA

edayesckþIminRbmaTç

‘3’

kiriya:nnUv

GsuPnimitþç ‘4’ benÞabg´nUvkamraK;ç ‘5’ kiriyaeXIjnUvsPaB énragkayer]y >ç

‘6’

PaBCaGñkmanesckþIsegVKeRcInç

kiriyalHbg´nUvesckþIRsvwg

‘7’

edayPaBEdlminmaneraKCaedImç

‘8’ PaBCaGñkGt´RTaMnUvP&y EdlKYres|Im:nç KYroGmnusSTaMgLayeKarB nig ekatsresIrç

‘9’ PaBCaGñk ‘10’ PaBCa

GñkmankiriyaRbRBwtþid*smKYr dl´Gb|icätaKuNCaedIm . ‘GvsanKaza kñúgesasanikg<;’

k*edayGanuPaB énkiriyanwkrlwknUvesckþIsøab´ Ca er]y> eTasEdlekIt eRBaHesckþIRbmaTTaMgLay

rEmgminb¨HBal´ nUvesasanikPik¡ú sUm|IGñkcUlkan´ ni®TÞaehIyç minRtwmEtb¨ueNÑaH citþ rbs´Pik¡úenaH esat kalebI:neXIj nUvsaksBTaMgLay mux CaminluHeTA kñúgGMNacénkamraK; manEtdl´nUv RsvwgeLIy TaMgBüayam xñHExñg EsVgrkEtesckþI rMlt´Tuk¡ edayRbéB eRBaHehtuenaH RBHeyaKI Gñk mancitþbegÁancUleTArkRBHniBVan Kb|IesBnUvesasanikg<Zutg<cuH eRBaHCaZmμCat naMKuNd*eRcIn Ca Genk mkRbKl´o .

‘GanisgS kñúgesasanikg<;’ ‘2’

Zutg<nieTÞs

esckþIsegVK y¨agZMTUlay minEmndl´nUvesckþI

‘karEbkZøay kñúgesasanikg<;’ karenAkñúgTIEdlminEmnCaTIsμsan.

170

enH KÅCaesckþIBN(na nUvviZI énkarsmaTanç RbePTç kar EbkZøay nig GanisgS kñúgesasanikg<Zutg< . 12- yzasnætikg<;

‘viZIsmaTan kñúgyzasnætikg<;’ ‘50’ sUm|I yzasnætikg<; k*CaZutg<EdlPik¡úsmaTanehIy edayBaküTaMg 2 enH BaküNamYy za ²x\úM hamXat´nUvPaB EdlelμaP kñúgesnasn;ç

x\úM smaTanGg<énPik¡úGñkmankiriyaenA

kñúgesnasn; tamEdlsg¹sMEdgo CaRbRktI³ . ‘viZIkñúgyzasnætikg<;’ k* yzasnætikPik¡ú enaH

ebIPik¡úEdlsg¹ cat´oCaGñkEck

nUvTIesnasn; :nRbKl´TIesnasn; EbbNao edayBaküza


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Zutg<nieTÞs

edayTI

‘3’

kiriyalHbg´ nUvesckþIkMNt´za ezakzy nig ez,Igz,an:nç

esnasn;enaHb¨ueNÑaH . minRtUveZVIoPik¡údéTeT[t pøas´TIlMenA

‘4’

kiriyalHbg´ nUvesckþIeRtkGr nig esckþIBieraZ:nç

eLIy . enH

kiriyabiTnUvTVarénesckþIR:zñad*éRkElgç

²esnasn;enH

RtUv:ndl´Gñk³

dUecñH

RtUvEteRtkGr

KÅCaviZI ényzasnætikg<Zutg<n@uH . ‘RbePTényzasnætikPik¡ú’

sYrnUvesnasn;

yzasnætikPik¡ú zñak´óRkidð

min:nedIm|Inwg

EdlRtUv:ndl´xøÜn za ²enAqáay ßk* enACit

eBkç CaTIesnasn; EdlGmnusS nig TIXCatCaedImeb[teb[n ßeTç ßza ekþA ßk* RtCak´³ dUecñHeLIy . sYr:n kMuEtedIreTArmilemIl .

Pik¡úzñak´kNþal ebInwg

Pik¡ú zñak´Gn´ eTARtYtBinitüemIl

EtebITIesnasn;enaH xøÜnmineBjcitþeT nwgeRCIsykesnasn; déTeT[tk*:n .

k*Zutg< rbs´Pik¡úTaMg 3 BYkenH rEmgEbkZøay kñúgeBl enH KÅCakarEbk

Zøay kñúgyzasnætikg<Zutg<n@uH .

cMENkGanisgS dUecñH KÅ ‘1’ :neQμaHza eZVItamRBHOvaT EdlRBHsasþaRtas´sMEdg za ²TIesnasn;Na EdlxøÜn:n

mkehIy Pik¡úKb|IeRtkGr edayTIesnasn;enaHcuH 1–

PaBCaGñkEsVgrknUvRbeyaCn¾

‘1’ ³ dUecñHç

odl´sRBhμcarIPik¡úpgKñaç

suÇ xuÇ CaÇ ÉÇ PaKTI 58 TMB&rTI 60 .

RBHeyaKI Gñksenþas edayesnasn; tamEdl xøÜn:nehIy

CaGñkenAEtkñúgTIesnasn;

Edl

sg¹sMEdlo minerIs ‘esnasn;d*ézøzøa ßk* ezakTab’ rEmgrs´enAy¨agsuxsb|ay sUm|IelI kRmal

EdlCavikar;

énesμATaMgLay

elITI

esnasn; d*lÁRbesIr k*elakmineRtkGrEdr ebI xwgesaHeLIyç elak rEmgCYyGnueRKaH dl´BYk sRBhμcarIPik¡úpgKña

EdleTIbnwgbYszμI

eday

RbeyaCn¾ç ehtuenaH Pik¡úGñkmanR:C\a Kb|IRbkb er]y>

‘GanisgS kñúgyzasnætikg<;’

‘2’

‘GvsanKaza kñúgyzasnætikg<;’

TukCa:nTIesnasn; d*ezakTab k*elakmineRkaZ

‘karEbkZøay kñúgyzasnætikg<;’

RtwmEtekItesckþIelaPln´ kñúgTIesnasn; .

‘6’ PaBCaGñkmankar

RbRBwtþismKYr dl´Zutg<KuNTaMgLay manGb|icätaKuNCaedIm .

ebIeBaltamRbePT yzasnætikPik¡ú enHÉg man 3 BYk . bNþaPik¡ú 3 BYkenaH

‘5’

nUvPaBCaGñkeRtkGr

EtkñúgTIesnasn;

Edlsg¹sMEdgo CaRbéBNI rbs´BYkRBHGriy; EdlRBHBuTÆCaGñkR:C\

d*eqñIm

RTg´:nRtas´sr

esIrehIy . enH KÅCaesckþIBN(na nUvviZI énkarsmaTanç RbePTç kar EbkZøay nig GanisgS kñúgyzasnætikg<Zutg< .


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Zutg<nieTÞs ‘karEbkZøay kñúgensC¢ikg<;’

13- ensCi¢kg<;

‘viZIsmaTan kñúgensC¢ikg<;’ ‘51’

sUm|IensC¢ikg<;

k*Zutg< rbs´Pik¡úTaMg 3 enHÉg rEmgEbkZøay kñúgxN;

k*CaZutg<EdlPik¡úsmaTanehIy

edayBaküTaMg 2 enH BaküNamYy za ²x\úM hamXat´nUv«riyabz edkç

x\úM smaTannUvGg< énPik¡úGñkmankiriyaseRmc nUv«riyabz

Gg<úyCaRbRktI³ dUecñH .

k*ensC¢ikPik¡úenaH kñúgyam 3 énraRtI Kb|IeRkakeLIg edIr c®g,m Gs´yam 1 .

eRBaHza kñúg«riyabzTaMgLay nwgedk

Etmü¨ag min:neLIy .

enHCaviZIénensC¢ikg<Zutg<n@uH .

ebIeBaltamRbePT ensC¢ikPik¡úenHÉg man 3 BYk . bNþa TaMg 3 BYkenaH cMeBaHensC¢ikPik¡úzñak´óRkidð TIbEgÁk sMBt´sMrab´ Rte:m sMBt´sRmab´Rbetag minKYrTaMgGs´ . cMeBaHPik¡ú zñak´ cMeBaHPik¡ú

zñak´Gn´ TIbEgÁkkþI sMBt´sMrab´Rte:mkþI sMBt´sRmab´RbetagkþI ekAGImanGg< 7 kþI eRbIR:s´:nTaMg

Gs´ . ekAGIEdleKeZVImanbEgÁkenAxageRkay eQμaHza bJ©g<; . ekAGIEdleKeZVI manbEgÁkxageRkay nig manPñak´édGmsgxag eQμaHza stþg<; .

:n»mkza BYkmnusS :neZVIekAGIstþg<;

enaH ‘RbeKn’ RBHcULaPyetær GñkecHRBHéRtbidk . RBHezr;:n sMercCaRBHGnaKamI briniBVanehIy .

ensC¢ikg<Zutg<enH . ‘GanisgS kñúgensC¢ikg<;’ cMENkGanisgSvij

dUecñH

;

‘1’

kiriyakat´pþac´nUv

esckþIsux kñúgkaredk esckþIsux kñúgkarEpÁk esckþIsux kñúg karedklk´ ‘1’ ³ dUecñHç

‘2’ PaBén«riyabzCaTIsb|ay dl´´

karRbkbnUvesckþIBüayam kñúgkmμdðanTaMgBYgç man«riyabz CaTInaMmknUvesckþIRCHzøaç

‘RbePTénensC¢ikPik¡ú’

exñIykþI ekAGImanGg< 5 kþI

enH KÅCakarEbkZøay kñúg

kMnYcrbs´citþ EdlelakeBalza ²Pik¡ú CaGñkRbkber]y> nUv

‘viZIkñúgensCi¢kg<;’

mZüm vtæúTaMg 3 enH ‘eRbIR:s´’ vtæúNamYy k*:n .

RKan´EtPik¡úTaMgenH seRmckarsig .

GñkR:rBÆesckþIBüayamç

‘3’ PaBCaGñk

‘4’ PaBd*smKYrdl´

‘5’ kiriyabeg,InnUvsmμabdibtþi .

‘GvsanKaza kñúgensC¢ikg<;’

RBHeyaKI GñkGg<úyBt´EPñn tRmg´kayoRtg´ rEmg júaMghb\T&yénmarokeRmIk:nç Pik¡úGñkmanesckþI BüayamR:rBÆehIy lHbg´nUvkiriyaedkCasux nUv kiriyalk´Casux

eRtkGr

Etkñúg«riyabzGg<úy

júaMgéRBKWtbZm( oPøWsVagruger]g rEmg:nnUvbIti nig suxEdlminmanGamis eRBaHehtuNaç eRBaH ehtuenaH Pik¡úGñkmanR:C\a Kb|IbMeBjo:nlÁ nUv Zutg<vtþ eQμaH ensC¢ik;cuH . 1-

suÇ mÇ

mUÇ PaKTI 20 TMB&rTI 386 .


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175

enH CaesckþIBN(na nUvviZI énkarsmaTanç RbePTç karEbk Zøay nig GanisgS kñúgensC¢ikg<Zutg< . edayGMNacKazaenH za ;

bNÐit Kb|IRCabesckþIvinicä&y edaykusltþik; 1 edaycMENks&BÞ manZutg<CaedIm 1 edayesckþI seg¡b nig esckþIBisþar 1 ³ . bNþabTTaMgenaH bTza ²edaykusltþik;³ esckþIza k* Zutg<TaMgGs´n@uHÉg Cakusl k*man CaGBüaRkwt k*man eday GMNacénGñkrkSaEdlCaRBHesx; buzuC¢n nig RBHxINaRsBTaMg Layç Zutg<EdlCaGkusl minmaneT .

cMENkbuK<lNa

Kb|I eBal za ²Zutg<sUm|ICaGkuslk*man³ dUecñH eRBaHRBH:lI Ca GaTi¾za ²Pik¡ú GñkmanesckþIR:zñalamk RtUvesckþIR:zñalamk

RKbsg,t´ehIy CaGarJ¦ik;

‘1’ ³ dUecñHç buK<lenaH RtUveKtva¨za

eyIgmin:neBal za ²Pik¡úmancitþCaGkusl rEmgminenAkñúgéRB³ dUecñHç eRBaHza kiriyaenAkñúgéRBrbs´Pik¡úNamanç Pik¡úenaH k*eQμaH za CaGarJ¦ik; ehIyGarJ¦ikPik¡úenaHesat Kb|ICaGñkmanesckþI R:zñalamk k*man CaGñkmanesckþIR:zñatic k*manç k*BaküenH elak:neBalehIyza ²Gg<TaMgLayenH eQμaHza Zutg< eRBaH CaGg< rbs´Pik¡úGñkeQμaHza Zut; 1–

suÇ

GMÇ

eRBaHCaGñkkMcat´nUvkiels:n

bÇ PaKTI 45 TMB&rTI 183 .

Zutg<nieTÞs

edaykiriyasmaTanenaH >ç

mü¨ageT[t

eQμaHza Zutg< eRBaH

manjaN Edl:nevahar za ²Zut; eRBaHCaeRK]gkMcat´kiels

‘vinicä&yedaykusltþik;’ ‘52’ teTAenH CakarBN(na

176

CaGg<³ dUecñHç

mYyeT[tesat Gg<TaMgenaH eQμaHza Zut; eRBaH

kMcat´nUveTas

EdlCaswksRtUvpg

CaGg<énesckþIRbtibtþipg

eRBaHehtuenaHÉg eTIb:n eQμaHza ²Zutg<³ dUecñHÉgç Gg<TaMg LayenH Kb|Imandl´buK<lNa buK<lenaH GñkNaeTA nwgeQμaH za CaGñkkMcat´kiels:nedayGkusl minmanpgç Zutg< elak Kb|IehAza

Zutg<

eRBaHeZVIGkuslenaH

oCaGg<énkielsTaMg

LayNa Gkusl nwgkMcat´nUvkielsenaHÉNamYy min:npgç GkuslkMcat´´bdibk¡eTas min:npgç

manesckþIelaPln´

CaGg<énesckþIRbtibtþi

min:npgç

kñúgcIvrCaedIm eRBaHehtuenaH

Baküza ²Zutg< CaGkusl minman³ dUecñHenH KÅelakeBallÁ ehIyç ÉZutg< rbs´Pik¡úTaMgLayNa rYcputRsLHBIkusltþik;ç Zutg< rbs´Pik¡úTaMgLayenaH edayesckþI k*minmanBit . rbs´ Edlminman

nwgeQμaHza

CaZutg<

eRBaHkMcat´bg´nUvGVIç

sUm|I

esckþIxusepSgBI:lIza ²RbRBwtþsmaTan nUvZutKuNTaMgLay³ dUecñH k*rEmgRtUvdl´Pik¡úTaMgLayenaHç eRBaHehtuenaH Bakürbs´ Pik¡úTaMgenaH

minRtUvkan´ykeLIy

.

enH

KÅCaesckþIBN(na

edaykusltþik; Cabfm . ‘vinicä&yedaycMENkZutaTis&BÞ’ kñúgBaküza ²edaycMENkéns&BÞ manZutg<s&BÞCaedIm³ enaH bNÐit Kb|IRCabZut;ç Kb|IRCabZutvaT;ç

Kb|IRCabZutZm(TaMg


visuTÆimK< ERb

177

178

Zutg<nieTÞs

Layç Kb|IRCabZutg<TaMgLayç Kb|IRCabkaresBZutg<TaMgLay

EtRBHelaluTayI d*manGayu³ .

za CaTIsb|ay dl´buK<lNa .

2 y¨ag dUcCaRBHZmμesnabtIç buK<lenH eQμaHza CaZut;pg

‘Zut;’ bNþabTTaMgenaH bTza

CaZutvaTpg .

²Zut;³ :ndl´ buK<lGñkkMcat´

cMENkbuK<lNa dl´RBmTaMg

dUcelakeBalehIy za ²buK<lEdlCaZut;pg

CaZutvaTpg enHn@uH eRscEtRBHsarIbuRtd*manGayu³ dUecñH . ‘ZutZm(’

bg´kiels:nehIy ß Zm(EdlCaeRK]gkMcat´bg´nUvkiels .

Baküza ²bNÐitKb|IRCabZutZm(TaMgLay³ n@uH manesckþI

‘ZutvaT;’ cMENkkñúgbT za ²ZutvaT³ enH bNÐit Kb|IRCabza buK<l

vinicä&yza; Zm(TaMgLay 5 y¨ag

EdlCabrivar rbs´Zutg<ectna

CaZut; EtminEmnCaZutvaT k*manç buK<lminEmnCaZut; EtCaZut-

enH KÅ PaBCaGñkmanesckþIR:zñaticç PaBCaGñksenþasç PaBCa

vaT k*manç buK<lTaMgminEmnCaZut; TaMgminEmnCaZutvaT k*manç

GñkRbRBwtþdusxat´kielsç PaBCaGñksáb´sáat´ç PaBCaGñkdwgza

buK<lTaMgCaZut; TaMgCaZutvaTk*man . bNþabuK<lTaMg4 BYkenaH

rbs´enHmanRbeyaCn¾ eQμaHza ZutZm( eRBaHRBH:lIza ²Pik¡úCa

buK<lNa kMcat´bg´nUvkielsTaMgLay rbs´xøÜn edayZutg<ç Et

GñkmankiriyaenA

minGb´rMTUnμanGñkdéT edayZutg< eRb[bdUcRBHezr; eQμaHBakul;ç

tic³ dUecñHCaedIm .

buK<lenH

rab´bJ©Úl kñúgGelaP;ç

eQμaHza

Zut;EtminEmnCaZutvaT

.

smdUcCaBakü

kñúgéRBCaRbRktI

eRBaHGaRs&ynUvesckþIR:zña

bNþaZm(TaMgenaH Gb|icäta nig snþúdðita seløxta nig bvievkta rab´cUl kñúg

EdlelakeBalza ²buK<lEdlCaZut; Et minEmnCaZutvaTenHn@uH

Zm(TaMg 2 y¨ag KÅ GelaP; nig Gemah; .

eRscEtPik¡úBakuletærd*manGayu³ .

jaNnu@HÉg .

cMENkbuK<lNa minkMcat´

«Tmtæita :ndl´

kñúgGelaP; nig Gemah;Zm(TaMg 2 y¨agenaH

bg´nUvkielsTaMgLay rbs´xøÜn edayZutg<ç Gb´rMTUnμannUvBYkCn

Pik¡úGñksmaTanZutg< rEmgkMcat´bg´nUvelaP; kñúgvtæúEdlRtUvham

déT edayZutg<Etmü¨ag dUcCaRBHóbnnÞetærç buK<lenH minEmnCa

Xat´TaMgLay edayGelaP; kMcat´bg´emah; EdlbiT:Mg nUv

Zut; EtCaZutvaT . smdUcCaelakeBalza ²buK<lEdlminEmn

eTas

Ca

d*man

mYyeT[t Pik¡úGñksmaTanZutg< rEmgkMcat´bg´nUvkamsuxanueyaK

buK<lNa dac´TaMg 2 y¨ag dUcCaRBHelaluTayIç

EdlRbRBwtþeTA edayRbZan KÅkaresB nUvbc©&yTaMgLayEdl

Zut;

Gayu³ .

EtCaZutvaTenHn@uH

eRscEtRBHóbnnÞskübuRt

kñúgvtæúEdlRtUvhamXat´TaMgenaHn@uHÉg

edayGemah;

buK<lenH minEmnTaMgZut; minEmnTaMgZutvaT . smdUcCaelak

RBHmanRBHPaKRTg´:nGnuJ¦atþehIy

edayGelaP;ç

eBalza ²buK<lEdlminEmnCaZut; minEmnCaZutvaTenHn@uH eRsc

nUvGtþkilmzanueyaK EdlRbRBwtþeTA

edayRbZan

.

kMcat´bg´

KÅkiriyadus


visuTÆimK< ERb

179

180

Zutug<nieTÞs

xat´d*éRkElg kñúgZutg<TaMgLay edayGemah;ç eRBaHehtuenaH

EdlCaRbZan 3 CaGg<EdlminRcLMKña 5 . bNþaGg<TaMg8 enaH

Zm(TaMgLay 5 RbkarenH bNÐitKb|IRCabza CaZutZm( .

Gg< 3 enH

‘Zutg<;’ Baküza

Gg<EdlCaRbZan .

²Kb|IRCabZutg<TaMgLay³ esckþIza; bNÐit Kb|I

RCabZutg<TaMg 13 y¨ag KÅ; bMsukUlikg<; Zutg<TaMgLayenaH

KÅ; sbTancarikg<;ç Ékasnikg<;ç GeBÖakasikg<; Ca

EtrkSabiNÐ:tikg<;pgEdr

.l.

ensC¢ikg<; .

biNÐ:tikg<;

elak:neBaleRscehIy

TaMgedayGtæ

RbesIrpg .

TaMgedaybkiNÑk; manlk¡N;CaedIm .

k*ebIPik¡úrkSaÉkasnikg<;

xlubcäaPtþikg<;

k*eQμaHza

karesBZutg< CaTIsb|aydl´buK<lEdlCaraKcrit nig buK<l eRBaHehtuGVI/ eRBaHkaresBZutg< Cakar k*raK; rEmg

RtUvrkSay¨aglÁ

EdlminRcLMKña 5 enH

dUecñH Zutg<

Gg<EdlCaRbZanenH 3 nig Gg<

KÅ; GarJ¦ikg<;ç bMsukUlikg<;ç etcIvrikg<;ç

ensC¢ikg<;ç esasanikg<; . edayseg¡b mYyeT[t manRtwmEt 4 y¨agb¨ueNÑaH dUecñH KÅ Tak´TgedaycIvr 2ç

Tak´TgedaybiNÐ:t 5ç

Tak´Tgeday

sáb´rmáab´ eRBaHGaRs&yTuk¡abdibTaç emah; KÅbuK<lGñkminRbmaT

esnasn; 5ç Tak´TgedayesckþIBüayam 1 .

ehIy

4 y¨agenaH ensC¢ikg<; CaGg<RbkbRBmedayvIriy; .

rEmglHbg´:n

eRBaHGaRs&yseløxbdibtþiç

mYyeT[t

kñúgZutg<TaMgenH karesBGarJ¦ikg<; nig ruk¡mUlikg<;CaTIsb|ay dl´buK<lEdlmaneTascritBit. eTascritenaH

RBaHza kalebIbuK<lEdlman

KÅminmanGñkNamYy

mkeb[teb[n

sUm|I

kalebIPik¡úrkSaGeBÖakasikg<; nwgmanGVI eQμaHza

eTIbmanRtwmEt 8 b¨ueNÑaH KÅ ;

Baküza ²karesBZutg<CaTIsb|aydl´buK<lNa³ eqøIyza

RbtibtþilM:kpg Cakarrs´enAy¨agtwgEtgpg .

nig

.

RtUvrkSa kñúgruk¡mUlikg<; nig yzasnætikg<;n@uH .

‘Zutg<esvna’

EdlCaemahcrit .

eRBaHza kalPik¡úrkSasbTancarikg<; k*RtUv

bNþaZutg<TaMg Zutg<TaMg

LayeRkAGMBIenH R:kdc|as´Gs´ehIy . edayseg¡b mYyeT[t Zutg<TaMgGs´n@uHÉg man 2 y¨ag

GaRs&yenA

edayGMNacénTIGaRs&y KÅ; GaRs&ynUvbc©&y 12ç GaRs&y

kñúgéRB nig eRkamKl´eQIhñwgÉg sUm|IeTas; k*rEmgsáb´rmáab´

esckþIBüayam 1 . sUm|IEdlcat´CaGg<EdlKYresB nig minKYr

Edr . enHCakarBN(na edaycMENkénZutg<s&BÞCaedIm .

esB k*man 2 y¨ag dUcKñaEdr .

‘vinicä&yedayseg¡b nig Bisþar’ Baküza ²edayseg¡b nig edayBisþar³ enH manvinicä&yza; k*Zutg<TaMgenH edayseg¡b manRtwmEt 8 b¨ueNÑaH

KÅ cat´CaGg<

kmμdðan rEmgcMerInç

k*kalebIPik¡úNa esBnUvZutg<ç

Pik¡úenaH Kb|IesB . kalebIPik¡úNa esBç

kmμdðan rEmgsabsUnüç Pik¡úenaHminKb|IesBeT. kalesBkþI minesBkþIç

cMENkPik¡úNa

kmμdðan ecHEtcMerIneLIg minsabsUnüç


visuTÆimK< ERb

181

182

Zutg<nieTÞs

Pik¡úenaHÉg ebInwgGnueRKaH dl´RbCMuCnCMnan´eRkay RtUvEtesB .

Pik¡únIenaHeLIy .

sUm|IPik¡úNa esBkþI minesBkþIç kmμdðan k*enAEtmincMerIneLIgç

5 eTIbenAsl´RtwmEt 8 eRBaHPav;EdlminGacbriePaK:n y¨ag

Pik¡úenaHÉg RtUvEtesBdUcKña edIm|ICavasna teTAGnaKt . Zutg<

enHÉg .

man 2 y¨ag k*man KÅZutg<EdlKYresB 1ç Zutg<EdlminKYresB

ElgEtetcIvrikg<;ecjeTA Zutg<Edlesssl´ 12 y¨ag Kb|I

1 dUecñHÉg .

RCabza CaGg< rbs´sameNrTaMgLayç 7 CaGg< rbs´BYknag

sUm|IkñúgGdðkzaTaMgLay k*elakeBalza ²Zutg<TaMgBYgn@uH Ég manRtwmEt 1 edaysMedAykRtg´ectna eRBaHectna kñúg karsmaTanZutg< dUcKñaEtmYyeT³ . ²ectna y¨agNaç

Zutg< k*y¨agenaHEdr³ .

cMENkedayBisþar 13ç

GacarüBYkxøH eBalza ;

Pik¡únI man 8ç

Zutg< man 42 y¨ag KÅ; cMeBaHPik¡ú man

sameNr 12ç

7ç ó:sk nig ó:sika man 2 .

sik¡mana nig sameNrI

RbsinebITIsμsan dl´RBm

CaGarJ¦ikg<; manenA kñúgTIvalRsLHç sUm|IEtPik¡úmYyrUb k*Gac edIm|IbriePaKnUvZutg<:nRKb´TaMgGs´ edayevlaEtmYy. cMENk cMeBaHBYknagPik¡únI GarJ¦ikg<; nig xlubcäaPtþikg<; TaMg 2 y¨ag RBHGg<RTg´ham GeBÖakasikg<;ç

edaysik¡abT CamYyKña . ruk¡mUlikg<;ç

esasanikg<;

Gg<TaMg 3 enH

KÅ;

CaGg<EdlnagPik¡únI

rkSa:nedaylM:k . eRBaHza karenAkñúgéRB R:scaksMLaj´ ehIy rEmgminKYrdl´nagPik¡únIeLIy .

k*kñúgTIkEnøgEbbenaH ®sþI

EdlCasMLaj´manqnÞ;esμIKña rk:nedayRk . k*minrYcputGMBIkarenARcLÚkRcLMKñaEdr .

RbsinebIrk:n

ebIy¨agdUecñaH Pik¡únIKb|I

esBZutg< edIm|IRbeyaCn¾Naç RbeyaCn¾enaH

k*minseRmc dl´

Kb|IRCabza; Zutg< rbs´BYkPik¡únI bnæycuHmk

mYyvijeT[t bNþaZutg<dUc:neBalmkehIy elIk

sik¡mana nig sameNrI . manZutg< 2 KÅ;

cMENkÉ BYkó:sk nig ó:sika

Ékasnikg<; 1ç

btþbiNÐikg<; 1

eRBaHehtuenH

Zutg<TaMg 2 enH b¨ueNÑaH CaZutg< d*smKYrpg GacnwgbriePaK:n pg .

edayBisþar Zutg< man 42 dUecñHÉg .

enH KÅCakar

BN(na edayseg¡b nig Bisþar . k*karBN(naGMBIZutg<EdlCavtþ KÅPik¡úRtUvsmaTan edIm|IjúaMg KuNTaMgLay manesckþIR:zñatic nig senþasCaedIm EdlCa eRK]gpUrpg´ énsIl manRbkardUc:neBalmkehIy odl´RBm kñúgvisuTÆimK< EdlRBHGg<sMEdgehIyedayRbZan KÅsIlç smaZi nig bJ¦a edayKazaenHza ²sIel btidðay nera sbeJ¦a³ dUecñH KÅelak:neBalehIy edaykzamK< manRbmaNb¨ueNÑHÉg . briecäT TI2 eQμaHZutg<nieTÞs kñúgvisuTÆimK< Edlx\úMrcnaehIy edIm|IRbeyaCn¾dl´:emaC¢;énsaZuCn dUecñHÉg v

x v

er[ber[gcb´ ézá 14 ekIt ExRsaBN¾ qñaMCUt Gdðs&k BÇsÇ2539 RtUnwgézáGg<ar TI27 ExsIha 1996


kmμdðanK<hNnieTÞs ‘53’

183

«LÚvenH eyaKavcrkulbuRt GñkfitenAs)b´ehIy

kñúgsIlenH EdlpUrpg´ edayKuNTaMgLay manPaBCaGñkR:zña ticCaedIm EdlxøÜn:neZVIodl´RBmehIy edaykarrkSa nUvZutg< y¨agdUecñHehIy Kb|IcMerInsmaZi EdlRBHmanRBHPaK RTg´Rtas´ sMEdgehIy edayRbZan KÅcitþ tamRBH:lIza ²sIel btidðay

nera sbeJ¦a citþM bJ¦J© PavyM³ dUecñHCaedImç b¨uEnþsmaZienaH

184

eRcInRbkarepSg>Nas´ . karvisC¢nanUvsmaZiTaMgGs´enaHR:zña eZVIoR:kdCak´c|as´ Kb|IjúaMgesckþIb¨gR:zñan@uHÉg oseRmc min:neLIy nig EzmTaMgRbRBwtþeTA edIm|IesckþIraymayelIs edImeTAeT[tç

edayseg¡béRkeBkNas´ eRBaHehtuNaç eRBaHehtuenaH edIm|I nwgsMEdgnUvesckþIBisþar nig n&yénkarcMerIn énsmaZienaH eTIb manbJØakmμ dUcteTAenH KÅ ;

eBalsMedAyk

EdlCakusl eQμaHza smaZi dUecñH . ‘GtæénsmaZi’ Baküza

²smaZi edayGtæzadUcemþc/³ eqøIyza; eQμaHza

smaZi eRBaHGtæza taMgenAs)b´ . sYrza; eQμaHza kartaMgenA s)b´enH etIdUcemþc/ .

eqøIyza; eQμaHza kartaMgenAs)b´enH KÅ

kartaMgenAx¢ab´ GZib|ayza; karfitenAsμaMesμIpg edayRtwmRtUv

Kb|IRCabza ²citþ nig ectsikTaMgLay CaZmμCatminraymay

‘2’ smaZi edayesckþIza dUcemþc/ç ‘3’ GVICalk¡N;ç Carsç CaesckþIR:kd nig Caehtu Ca TItaMg énsmaZienaH/ç

nig

minrsat´GENþtGNþÚg

fitenAsμaMesμIpg

RtwmRtUvpg

kñúg

GarmμN¾EtmYy edayGanuPaB énZm(Naç karfitenA éncitþ nig ectsikTaMgLay edayGanuPaB énZm(enaHenH eQμaHza kartaMg

‘4’ smaZi manb¨unμany¨ag/ç ‘5’ GVICaeRK]gesAhμg nig GVICaesckþIpUrpg´énsmaZienaH/ç ‘6’ smaZi Kb|IcMerIn:n y¨agdUcemþc/ç ‘7’ GVICaGanisgS énkarcMerInsmaZi/ . kñúgbJØakmμenaH mankarvisC¢na dUcteTAenH .

²GVICasmaZi/³ eqøIyza ;

eyIgTaMgLay

pg éncitþ nig ectsikTaMgLay kñúgGarmμN¾EtmYy . ehtuenaH

‘1’ GVICasmaZi/ç

Baküza

eRBaHehtuenaH

esckþIb¨gR:zñan@uHÉg kñúgTIenHza; PaBmanGarmμN¾EtmYy éncitþ

minEmneZVI:n edaygayeT sUm|IRtwmEtyl´dwgç nwgcaM:c´eTA eBaleZVIGVI dl´karcMerInn@uH eRBaHRBHmanRBHPaKRtas´sMEdgehIy

kmμdðanK<hNnieTÞs

smaZi maneRcIny¨ag

enAs)b´³ dUecñH . ‘lk¡N;ç kic©ÇÇÇénsmaZi’ cMENkkúñgBaküza ²GVICalk¡N;ç kic©ç pl nig Caehtu

énsmaZienaH³ dUecñHenH manBaküeqøIyza; smaZi mankarmin raymaycitþ Calk¡N;ç mankarkMcat´ nUvesckþIGENþtGNþÚg Cakic©ç mankiriyaminjab´j&r Caplç cMENkÉehtuénsmaZienaH


visuTÆimK< ERb

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186

kmμdðanK<hNnieTÞs ‘RkumsmaZi 2 TI 1’

KÅesckþIsux edayRBH:lI za ²citþ rbs´buK<lEdlmanesckþI ‘55’

sux rEmgtaMgenAx¢ab´³ dUecñH . ‘RbePTénsmaZi’ ‘54’

Baküza ²smaZi manb¨unμany¨ag/³ eqøIyza; dMbUg

edaylk¡N; KÅkarminraymaycitþ smaZi eTIbmanEtmYyç man 2 y¨ag edayGMNacénóbcarsmaZi nig Gb|nasmaZiç man 2 y¨ag edayGMNacelakiysmaZi nig elakutþrsmaZi k*dUecñaH Edrç man 2 y¨ag edayGMNacénsmaZi EdlRbkbedaybIti

bNÐit

Kb|IRCabesckþIGZib|ay

mancMENk 2 dUcteTAenH . ehIy

edayGMNac

kñúgsmaZi

Edl

ÉkK<ta éncitþ EdlRBHeyaKI :n

énZm(TaMgLayenH

KÅ;

GnusStidðan

mrNsStiç óbsmanusStiç GahaerbdikUlsJ¦aç ctuTÆatuvvdðanç nig ÉkK<ta kñúgcMENkxagedIm énGb|nasmaZi TaMgLayNaç ÉkK<taenH CaóbcarsmaZiç cMENk ÉkK<ta kñúglMdab´ énbrikmμ ÉNa

eRBaHRBH:lIza ²brikmμ énbfmQan Cabc©&y edayCa

nig smaZiEdlminRbkbedaybIti nig edayGMNacsuxshKt;

Gnnþrb|c©&yénbfmQan ‘1’³ dUecñHCaedImç ÉkK<taenH eQμaHza

nig óebk¡ashKt; k*dUecñaHEdrç

Gb|nasmaZi edayRbkardUecñH .

smaZi man 3 y¨ag eday

GMNacénsmaZiEdlGn´zyç kNþal nigRbNItç man 3 y¨ag

GMNacénóbcarsmaZi nig Gb|nasmaZipg y¨agdUecñHÉg . ‘RkumsmaZi 2 TI 2’

edayGMNacénsmaZi Edlmanvitk,; nig manvicar;CaedIm eday GMNacénsmaZi mansmaZiEdlRbkbRBm edaybItiCaedIm nig

smaZi man 2 y¨ag eday

esckþIvinicä&y kñúgRkumsmaZi 2 TI2 dUcteTAenH .

edayGMNacénKuNanuPaBEdlCabritþ;ç mhK<t; nig Gb|maN;

éncitþ EdlCakusl kñúgPUmiTaMg 3

k*dUecñaHEdrç smaZi man 4 y¨ag edayGMNacénesckþIRbtibtþi

Edlsm|yutþehIy edayGriymK< CaelakutþrsmaZi .

nig karyl´dwg manTuk¡abdibTa TnÆaPiJ¦asmaZiCaedIm eday

man 2 y¨ag edayGMNacelakiy; nig elakutþr; y¨agenHÉg.

ÉkK<ta smaZi

‘RkumsmaZi 2 TI 3’

GMNacénGanuPaB nig GarmμN¾ manbritþbritþarmμNsmaZiCaedIm edayGMNacénGg< énctukCÄan edayGMNacénEpñk manbhan-

CaelakiysmaZiç

ÉkK<ta

esckþIvinicä&y kúñgRkumsmaZi 2 TI3 dUcteTAenH .

ÉkK<ta

PaKiysmaZiCaedIm edayGMNacPUmi mankamavcrsmaZiCaedIm

kúñgQanTaMg 2 kñúgctuk,n&y kñúgQanTaMg 3

nig edayGMNac«TÆi:T EdlCaGZibtI k*y¨agdUecñaHEdrç smaZi

smaZi RbkbedaybItiç ÉkK<ta kñúgQanTaMgLay 2 d*ess

man 5 y¨ag edayGMNacénGg< énbJ©kQan kñúgbJ©kn&y .

CasmaZi minRbkbedaybItiç

kñúgsmaZiTaMgenaH smaZimancMENkEt1 manesckþIrak´EmnBit.

1- GPiÇ

kñúgbJ©kn&y Ca

EtóbcarsmaZi CasmaZi Rbkb

bÇ PaKTI 98 TMB&rTI 286 .


visuTÆimK< ERb edaybIti ‘nig’ minRbkbedaybIti .

187 smaZi man 2 y¨ag

188

kmμdðanK<hNnieTÞs

vicar;ç k*buK<lNa eXIjeTasRtwmEtkñúgvitk,;b¨ueNÑaH mineXIj eTas kñúgvicar; R:zñaRtwmEtkarlHbg´ nUvvitk,;Etmü¨ag knøgnUv

edayGMNac énsb|Itik; nig nib|Itik; y¨agenHÉg . ‘RkumsmaZi 2 TI 4’

bfmQanç buK<lenaH rEmg:nnUvsmaZi Edlminmanvitk,; man

esckþIvinicä&y kúñgRkumsmaZi 2 TI4 dUcteTAenH .

ÉkK<ta

RtwmEtvicar;ç

Baküza ²smaZi kúñgTutiyQan kñúgbJ©kn&y Ca

kñúgQanTaMg 3 kñúgctuk,n&y kñúgQanTaMg 4 kñúgbJ©kn&y Ca

Gvitk,vicarmtþsmaZi³ dUecñHn@uH KÅx\úMeBalehIysMedAyknUvsmaZi

smaZi RbkbRBmedaysuxç ÉkK<ta kñúgQanTaMgLayd*ess

rbs´buK<lenaH .

CasmaZi

CasmaZi

ctuk,n&y manTutiyQanCaedIm nig kñúgbJ©kn&y manttiy-

smaZi man

QanCaedIm CasmaZiEdlminmanTaMgvitk,; minmanTaMgvicar; .

2 y¨ag edayGMNacénsuxshKt; nig óebk¡ashKt; eday

smaZi man 3 y¨ag edayGMNacénGg< KÅvitk,; vicar; man

RbkardUecñHÉg .

svitk,; nig svicar; CaedIm y¨agdUecñHÉg .

RbkbRBmedayóebk¡aç

EtóbcarsmaZi

RbkbRBmedaysux ‘nig’ RbkbRBmedayóebk¡a .

‘RkumsmaZi 3 TI 1’

‘RkumsmaZi 3 TI 3’

‘56’ k*kñúgRkumsmaZiTaMgLay 3 esckþIvinicä&y kñúgRkum smaZi 3 TI 1 dUcteTA .

cMENk ÉkK<ta kñúgQanTaMgLay 3 kñúg

esckþIvinicä&y kñúgRkumsmaZi 3 TI3 dUcteTAenH .

ÉkK<ta

smaZi EdlbuK<lRKan´Et:nehIy

kñúgQanTaMgLay 2 xagedIm kñúgctuk,n&y nig kñúgQanTaMg 3

CasmaZi d*Gn´zyç smaZi EdlbuK<l:nGb´rMehIy minTan´:n

xagedImkñúgbJ©kn&y CasmaZiEdlRbkbRBmedaybIti. ÉkK<ta

lÁRbesIr CasmaZi zñak´kNþalç

smaZi EdlbuK<l:nGb´rMlÁ

kñúgttiyQan nig kñúgctutæQan kñúgctuk,n&y nig kñúgbJ©k-

RbesIrehIy CasmaZiRbNIt .

smaZi man 3 y¨ag eday

n&yTaMgenaHÉg

GMNacsmaZi d*Gn´zy mZüm nig d*RbNIt y¨agenHÉg . ‘RkumsmaZi 3 TI 2’ esckþIvinicä&y kñúgRkumsmaZi 3 TI 2 dUcteTAenH .

smaZi

smaZi kñúgTutiyQan kñúgbJ©kn&y Ca

Gvitk,; nig vicarmtþsmaZi

ÉkK<ta

kñúgQanCaTIbMput CasmaZiEdlRbkb edayóebk¡aç Etóbcar smaZi CasmaZi EdlRbkbRBmedaybIti nig suxxøH Rbkb

kñúgbfmQan mYyGenøIedayóbcarsmaZi CasmaZi EdlRbkb edayvitk,; nig vicar;ç

KÅCasmaZiEdlRbkbRBmedaysux .

KÅCasmaZi Edlminmanvitk,; manEt

edayóebk¡axøH .

smaZi man 3 y¨ag edayGMNacsmaZi man

bItishKtsmaZiCaedIm dUecñHÉg . ‘RkumsmaZi 3 TI 4’ esckþIvinicä&y kñúgRkumsmaZi 3 TI4 dUcteTAenH . ÉkK<ta


visuTÆimK< ERb kñúgóbcarPUmi

CasmaZimanKuNd*ticç

189 ÉkK<ta

kñúgrU:vcr

nig

GrU:vcr‘PUmi’ EdlCakusl CasmaZiEdlmanKuNd*ZMç ÉkK<ta

190 Cakarqab´rh&s

smaZi man 3 y¨ag edayGMNacénKuN manbritþ;

mhK<t; nig Gb|maN; .

‘57’

y¨agqab´rh&s dl´

bNÐit Kb|IRCabvinicä&y kñúgbdibTa nig GPiJ¦aTaMgenaH dUc teTA;

x\MúnwgBN(nanUvrbs´EdlCaTIsb|ay nig rbs´Edlmin

CaTIsb|ay

‘Rkum smaZi 4 TI 1’

KÅminyÅtyUr RbRBwtþeTA

buK<lBYkxøH .

Edlsm|yutþ edayGriymK< CasmaZi EdlmanKuNRbmaN min:n .

kmμdðanK<hNnieTÞs

nUvbuBVkic©TaMgLay

mankarkat´nUvblieBaZCaedIm

nig nUvGb|naekaslTaMgLayÉNaBÆd*xagmuxç bNþarbs´Edl

esckþIvinicä&y kñúgRkumsmaZiTaMgLay 4 kñúgRkum

Casb|ay nig CaGsb|ayCaedImenaH RBHeyaKI rUbNa CaGñk

smaZi4 TI1 dUcteTA . smaZiEdlmankarRbtibtþilM:k k*manç

esBnUvrbs´EdlCaGsb|ayç bdibTa rbs´RBHeyaKIenaH Ca

mankarRtas´dwgyÅtyUr

mankarRbtibtþilM:k

bdibTaRbRBwtþeTAedaylM:kpg karRtas´dwg rbs´RBHeyaKIenaH

k*man EtmankarRtas´dwgqab´rh&sk*manç smaZi mankarRbtibtþi

k*yÅtyUrpg . bdibTa rbs´RBHeyaKIEdlesBnUvrbs´EdlCa

RsYl k*manç mankarRtas´dwgyÅtyUr k*manç smaZi mankar

sb|ay CabdibTaRbRBwtþeTA edayRsYlpg karRtas´dwg rbs´

k*manç

smaZi

RbtibtþiRsYlk*man b¨uEnþmankarRtas´dwgqab´rh&s k*man dUecñH Ég .

kñúgBaküza bdibTa nig GPiJ¦aenaH karcMerInsmaZi Edl

RbRBwtþeTAcab´taMgBIkarRbmUlnUvcitþ oyagcuHkñúgkmμdðan CadMbUg rhUtdl´óbcar; énQanenaH> ekIteLIg ehAza ²bdibTa³ . cMENk bJ¦a EdlRbRBwtþeTAcab´taMgGMBIóbcar; rhUtdl´Gb|na elakehAza ²GPiJ¦a³ .

k*bdibTaenHnu@H rEmgCakarlM:k KÅCa

RBHeyaKIenaH k*qab´rh&spg . nUvrbs´EdlCaGsb|ay

cMENk RBHeyaKIrUbNa esB

kúñgkalCaxagedImehIy

CaGñkesB

nUvrbs´EdlCasb|ay kñúgkaleRkaymk ß esBnUvrbs´Edl Casb|ay

kñúgkalCaxagedImehIy

CaGñkesBnUvrbs´EdlCa

Gsb|ay kñúgkaleRkaymkç bdibTa nigGPiJ¦a rbs´RBHeyaKI rUbenaH bNÐit Kb|IRCabza Carbs´RcbUkRcbl´Kña .

k*mann&y

karRk GZib|ayza cMerInmin:nRsYl dl´buK<lBYkxøH eRBaHRtUv

dUcKñaenaHEdr bdibTa rbs´RBHeyaKIEdlmin:njúaMgbuBVkic© man

Zm(EdlCaswksRtUvmannIvNZm(CaedIm RkbYc RbmUl rYbrwt .

karkat´nUvblieBaZCaedIm oseRmcehIy mkRbkbnUvPavna Ca

‘Et’ rEmgCakarRsYl dl´buK<lBYkxøH eRBaHminmanZm( EdlCa

bdibTaRbRBwtþeTAedaylM:kç edayn&yEdlpÞúyBIKña CabdibTa

swksRtUvmannIvrNZm( CaedImenaHrYbrwt . ÉGPiJ¦a rEmgCa

RbRBwtþeTA edayRsYl .

karyÅt KÅyUr minRbRBwtþeTA y¨agqab´rh&sdl´buK<lBYkxøHç ‘Et’

min:njúaMgGb|naekaslTaMgLayoseRmc CaZmμCatiyÅtyUr

cMENkÉ GPiJ¦a rbs´RBHeyaKIEdl


visuTÆimK< ERb

191

192

kmμdðanK<hNnieTÞs

GPiJ¦a rbs´RBHeyaKIEdljúaMgGb|naekasl oseRmc CaZmμ

cMENkGPiJ¦a rbs´buK<lEdlman«®nÞIy¾xøaMgkøa CaZmμCati qab´

Catiqab´rh&s. müa¨geT[t RbePTénbdibTa nig GPiJ¦aTaMgLay

rh&s edayRbkardUecñH .

enaH bNÐitKb|IRCab edayGMNactNØa nig GviC¢a nig eday

Na dl´nUvsmaZi edaybdibTad*lM:k nig edayGPiJ¦ad*yÅt

GMNacénkarsnSMGb´rMmk kúñgsmz; nig vibsSnapg . EmnBit

yUrç smaZienaH rbs´buK<lenaH elakehAza ²bdibTaRbRBwtþeTA

bdibTa rbs´RBHeyaKI EdlRtUvtNØaRKbsg,t´ KÅCabdibTa d*

edaylM:k ‘TaMg’ karRtas´dwgk*yÅtyUr³ y¨agdUecñHÉg.

lM:kç

kñúgsmaZi 3 d*ess k*n&ydUcKñaenHEdr . smaZi man 4 y¨ag

bdibTa rbs´RBHeyaKI EdlminRtUvtNØaRKbsg,t´ Ca

bdibTaRbRBwtþeTARsYl .

ÉGPiJ¦a rbs´RBHeyaKI EdlRtUv

GviC¢aRKbsg,t´ KÅCaZmμCatiyÅtyUrç rbs´RBHeyaKI EdlminRtUv

edayGMNacénkarRbtibtþi

kñúgbdibTa nig GPiJ¦aTaMgenH buK<l

nig

karRtas´dwg

sUm|I

manTuk¡abdibTa

TnÆaPiJ¦asmaZiCaedIm edayRbkardUecñHÉg . ‘RkumsmaZi 4 TI 2’

GviC¢aRKbsg,t´ CaZmμCatiRbRBwtþeTAqab´rh&s. cMENkRBHeyaKI rUbNa min:neZVIkarsnSMGb´rMmk kñúgsmz;ç bdibTa rbs´RBH

esckþIvinicä&y kúñgRkumsmaZi 4 TI2 dUcteTAenH . Kb|I

eyaKIrUbenaH CabdibTaRbRBwtþeTA edaylM:kç rbs´RBHeyaKI

RCabza smaZi mansPaBtUcqμarpg TaMgmanGarmμN¾tUcqμarpg

Edl:neZVIkarsnSMGb´rMmk CabdibTaRbRBwtþeTA edayRsYl .

k*manç smaZimansPaBtUcqμarpg EtmanGarmμN¾RbmaNmin:n

cMENkRBHeyaKINa min:neZVIkarsnSMGb´rM kñúgvibsSnaç GPiJ¦a

k*manç

rbs´RBHeyaKIenaH

qμar

CaZmμCatiyÅtyUrç

rbs´RBHeyaKIEdl:n

smaZi mansPaBrkRbmaNmin:n EtmanGarmμN¾ tUc

k*manç

smaZi

mansPaBrkRbmaNmin:npg

TaMgman

eZVIkarsnSMGb´rMmk CaZmμCatiqab´rh&s . mYyeT[t bNÐit Kb|I

GarmμN¾ rkRbmaNmin:npg k*man .

RCabRbePTénbdibTa nig GPiJ¦aTaMgenaH edayGMNacénkiels

smaZiNa minsÞat´CMnaj minGacedIm|InwgCabc©&y énQanzñak´

nig «®nÞIy¾pgcuH .

BitEmndUecñaH bdibTa rbs´buK<lEdlman

x¬s´:nç smaZienH CasmaZimansPaBtUcqμar . cMENksmaZi

kielsxøaMgkøa Etman«®nÞIy¾Tn´exSay CabdibTaRbRBwtþeTA eday

Na RbRBwtþeTAkñúgGarmμN¾EdlminrIkcMerInç smaZienH CasmaZi

lM:kpg TaMgGPiJ¦a k*CaZmμCatiyÅtyUrpgç cMENkÉ GPiJ¦a

manGarmμN¾d*tUcqμar .

rbs´buK<lGñkman«®nÞIy¾xøaMgkøa CaZmμCatiqab´rh&s .

RBHeyaKI :nGb´rMlÁehIy rEmgGacedIm|ICabc©&y énQanzñak´

rbs´buK<lEdlmankielsTn´exSay

nig

ÉbdibTa

man«®nÞIy¾Tn´exSay

CabdibTaRbRBwtþeTA edayRsYlç bu¨Enþ GPiJ¦a CaZmμCatiyÅtyUrç

x¬s´:nç

smaZienH

kñúgsmaZi TaMg 4 enaH

smaZi ÉNa mankarsÞat´CMnaj Edl

CasmaZimansPaBRbmaNmin:nç

eT[t smaZiNa RbRBwtþeTA kñúgGarmμN¾EdlrIkcMerInç

mYy

smaZienH


visuTÆimK< ERb

193

194

kmμdðanK<hNnieTÞs

manGarmμN¾ rkRbmaNmin:n . cMENkÉ n&yénsmaZi Edl

GMNacénkartm,l´enA énstiEdlCasPav;d*smKYr dl´smaZi

RcbUkRcbl´Kña bNÐit Kb|IRCab kñúgsmaZi EdlRcbUkRcbl´Kña

enaHç Pav;énsmaZi CaviessPaKiy; bNÐit Kb|IRCab eday

tamlk¡N; Edl:neBalrYcmkehIy y¨agenHÉg .

smaZi

man 4 y¨ag edayGMNacénKuN nig GarmμN¾ manbritþbritþarmμNsmaZiCaedIm dUecñHÉg .

kñúgRkumsmaZi 4 TI3 mandUcteTAenH .

bfmQan manGg< 5 KÅ vitk,;ç vicar;ç bItiç sux; nig smaZi Edlb®g,abnUvnIvrN;:nehIyç bnÞab´BIenaH TutiyQan vitk,; nig vicar; sáb´rmáab´ manGg< 3ç bIti:t´bg´eTA enAsl´Gg< 2ç

bnÞab´GMBIenaH ttiyQan man bnÞab´GMBIenaH ctutæQan lHbg´

nUvsux;ecj enAsl´Gg< 2 edayGMNacénsmaZi EdlRbkb RBm edayóebk¡aevTna .

smaZi man 4 y¨ag EdlCaGg< én

QanTaMgLay 4 enH dUecñHÉgç

smaZi man 4 y¨ag

eday

GMNacGg<rbs´ctuk,Qan y¨agenHÉg .

EdlRbRBwtþeTAxagpøÚvvinask*manç RbRBwtþeTAxagpøÚvviess k*manç

duHdaleLIgénsJ¦a nig mnsikar EdlRbRBwtþeTARBm eday sJ¦a

RbkbRBmedaykam

rEmgdas´et]n

smaZi

EdlmansPaBd*smKYrdl´bJ¦aenaH bJ¦a mancMENkénkartaMgenAç

rEmgtaMgenAesμI

eQμaHza

kareZVITukkñúgcitþ edaysJ¦a min

Rbkbedayvitk,; rEmgdas´et]n‘nUvbuK<lEdl:nbfmCÄanenaH’ eQμaHza bJ¦amancMENkénesckþIviessç kareZVITukkñúgcitþeday sJ¦a EdlRbkbedayniBViTa RbkbedayviraK; rEmgdas´et]n ‘nUvbuK<lEdl:nnUvbfmCÄanenaH’ eQμaHza bJ¦a mancMENk énesckþIen]yNay ‘1’ ³ y¨agdUecñHÉg .

sUm|IsmaZi

Edl

smaZi man 4 y¨ag

edayGMNacénsmaZi manhanPaKiysmaZi CaedIm dUecñHÉg . ‘RkumsmaZi 4 TI 5’

RbRBwtþeTAxagpøÚvfitenAk*manç

RbRBwtþeTAxagpøÚvRtas´dwgGriy-

nUvbuK<lEdl:n

bfmCÄan eQμaHza bJ¦a mancMENkénesckþIsabsUnüç sti

sm|yutþehIy edaybJ¦aenaH k*man 4 .

‘RkumsmaZi 4 TI 4’ esckþIvinicä&y kñúgRkumsmaZi 4 TI4 dUcteTAenH .

énsmaZi CanieBVZPaKiy; bNÐitKb|IRCab edayGMNacénkiriya niBViTa . smdUcCaelak eBalehIyza; ²kareZVITukkñúgcitþeday

‘RkumsmaZi 4 TII 3’ esckþIvinicä&y

GMNacénkiriya:nsMerc nUvZm(d*viessx¬s´eLIgeTA> nig Pav;

esckþIvinicä&y kúñgRkumsmaZi 4 TI5 dUcteTAenH . smaZi TaMgLay 4 y¨agenH KÅ; smaZiEdlCakamavcrç

smaZiEdl

sc© k*man . kñúgsmaZiTaMg 4 enaH Pav;énsmaZi Cahan-

CarU:vcrç smaZiEdlCaGrU:vcrç smaZiEdlminrab´bJ©Úl kñúg

PaKiy; bNÐitKb|IRCab edayGMNacénkarRbRBwtþipÞúHeLIg énZ(m

PUmiTaMg 3 enaH KÅCaelakutþr; .

EdlCaswksRtUvç

Pav;énsmaZiCafitP i aKiy; Kb|IRCab eday

1-

GPiÇ

viÇ

kñúgsmaZiTaMgenaH ÉkK<ta zñak´

PaKTI 82 TMB&rTI 104 .


visuTÆimK< ERb óbcar;TaMgBYg kuslcitþ

eQμaHza

CakamavcrsmaZiç

manrU:vcrcitþCaedIm

eRkAGMBIenH .

195

eQμaHza

smaZi man 4 y¨ag

ÉkK<ta

CasmaZi

Epñkxag 3

edayGMNacénPUmi

man

esckþIvinicä&y kúñgRkumsmaZi 4 TI6 dUcteTAenH .

Rbsin

rEmg:nnUvsmaZi :nnUvPav;én

smaZienH ehAza qnÞsmaZiç ebIPik¡úeZVI

nUvvIriy;oCaZM rEmg:nnUvsmaZi :nnUvPav;éncitþmanGarmμN¾ EtmYyç smaZienH ehAza vIriysmaZiç ebIPik¡úeZVI nUvcitþoCaZM rEmg:nnUvsmaZi

:nnUvPav;éncitþmanGarmμN¾EtmYyç

smaZi

enH elakehAza citþsmaZiç ebIPik¡úeZVIvImMsaoCaZM rEmg:nnUv smaZi

:nnUvPav;éncitþmanGarmμN¾EtmYyç

vImMsasmaZi ‘1’ç

smaZi enH ehAza

‘58’ esckþIvinicä&y kñúgRkumsmaZi 5 dUcteTAenH . bNÐit Kb|IRCabQanTaMgLay 5 eRBaHEbgEckCaBIr edayviZIy¨agenH KÅ; TutiyQanNa EdlelakeBalehIy kñúgctuk,n&y TutiyQanenaH ‘Ebg’CaTutiyQan eRBaHknøgRtwmEtvitk,;ç CattiyQan eRBaHknøgTaMgvitk,; TaMgvicar;ç smaZiEdlCaGg< énQan TaMg 5 enaH eTIbCasmaZi 5 y¨agdUecñHç GPiÇ

viÇ

PaKTI 81 TMB&rTI 187 .

bNÐit Kb|IRCabPav;

y¨agenHÉg .

k*BaküeqøIy kñúgbJØakmμza ²GVI CaesckþIesAhμg nig

GVICaesckþIpUrpg´ rbs´smaZienaH /³ dUecñHenH KÅelak:neBal EmnBit kñúgviP&g<enaH elak:neBal

ehIyza Zm(EdlCacMENkénesckþIsabsUnü eQμaHza esckþI esAhμgç

Zm(EdlCacMENkénesckþIviess

pUrpg´ .

kñúgZm(TaMg 2 y¨agenaH bNÐitKb|IRCabhanPaKiyZ(m

eQμaHza

esckþI

tamn&yenHza ²kareZVITukkñúgcitþedaysJ¦a RbkbedaykamrEmg das´et]nnUvbuK<lGñk:nbfmQanç eQμaHza bJ¦a mancMENk énesckþIsabsUnü ‘1’ ³ .

viessPaKiyZm( bNÐitKb|IRCab

tamn&yenHza ²kareZVITukkñúgcitþ edaysJ¦a minRbkbedayvitk,; rEmgdas´et]nÇÇÇ eQμaHza bJ¦a mancMENkénesckþIviess³ . ‘karcMerInsmaZi’

smaZi man 4 y¨ag edayGMNacén«TÆi:T

EdlCaGZibtICaedIm y¨agdUecñHÉg .

1-

‘59’

ehIy kñúgviP&g<nu@HÉg .

‘RkumsmaZi 4 TI 6’

citþmanGarmμN¾EtmYyç

kmμdðanK<hNnieTÞs

énsmaZi man 5 edayGMNacGg< énbJ©kQan

y¨ag

kamavcrsmaZiCaedIm y¨agenHÉg .

ebIPik¡úeZVIesckþIeBjcitþ oCaZM

196

‘60’ ÉBaküeqøIy

kñúgbJØakmμza

²smaZienaH Kb|IcMerIn

y¨agdUcemþc/³ enH bNÐit Kb|IRCab dUcteTA . smaZi ÉNa Edlsm|yutþehIyedayGriymK< KÅx\MúeBalehIy mundMbUg kñúg Tuk,smaZi manCaGaTi¾za ²smaZienH man 2 y¨ag edayGMNac énelakiy; nig elakutþr;³ dUecñHç smaZienaH eRBaHza

n&ykñúgkarcMerIn nUvGriymK<-

elakse®g<aH edayn&y énkarcMerInnUvbJ¦an@uHÉg .

kalebIbJ¦a

KÅbuK<lcMerInehIyç

k*eQμaHza KÅbuK<lcMerInehIy edayBit . 1-

GPiÇ

viÇ

PaKTI 82 TMB&rTI 104 .

GriymK<smaZienaH eRBaHehtuenaH eyIg


visuTÆimK< ERb

197

198

kmμdðanK<hNnieTÞs

nwgmineBalsMedAyknUvGriymK<smaZienaH edayELk> GVIeT[t

eRK]gkgVl´TaMg10 y¨agenHÉg eQμaHza blieBaZ . bNþa

za ²GriymK<smaZienaH Kb|IcMerIny¨agenH>³dUecñHeLIy. cMENk

blieBaZTaMg 10 y¨agenaH Gavasn@uHÉg eQμaHza esckþIkgVl´

smaZiEdlCaelakiy;enHÉNaç smaZiEdlCaelakiy;enaH KÅ RBHeyaKIKb|IjúaMgsIlTaMgLay Edl:neBalehIy

fitenA

bNþablieBaZTaMg 10 y¨ag eyaKavcrenaHç

o:nbrisuTÆsÁat

edayn&y

kñúgsIlEdlbrisuTÆsÁatehIyç blieBaZNanImYy

mandl´RBH

kat´pþac´nUvblieBaZenaHecalehIy

cUleTArk

elakGñkEdlonUvkmμdðan EdlCaklüaNmiRtd*lÁ er[nyknUv kmμdðanNamYy

kñúgcMeNamkmμdðanTaMg

40

EdlsmKYr

dl´

criyarbs´xøÜn lHbg´nUvvihar EdlminsmKYrdl´karcMerInsmaZi ehIy enAkñúgvihar d*smKYr kat´pþac´nUvesckþIkgVl´tUctac o Gs´ehIy Kb|ICaGñkminjúaMgPavnaviZIosabsUnü cMerIn‘smaZi’ cuH .

enH CaesckþIseg¡b kñúgkarcMerInnUvsmaZienaH .

cMENk

esckþIBisþarvij maner[brab´dUcteTAenH .

Edlelak:neBalTukhIyç

.

n&ykúñgblieBaZeRkAGMBIenH

manRtkUlCaedIm

k*mann&ydUcKñaenHEdr . esckþIGZib|ay kñúgblieBaZ 10 enaH Kb|IRCabdUcteTA ; ‘GavasblieBaZ’ sUm|IbnÞb´mYy k*ehAza Gavasç sUm|IbrievNmYy k*ehAza Gavasç sUm|Isg¹aramTaMgmUl k*ehAza GavasEdr . Gavas enHenaH minEmnCablieBaZ dl´Pik¡úRKb´> rUbeLIy .

k*Pik¡úNa

dl´nUvkarxVl´xVay kñúgkic©karepSg> mankargarksagCaedIm kñúg GavasenaHkþI CaGñkmankarsnSMrbs´rbrCaeRcIn kñúgGavasenaHkþI CaGñkmanesckþIGal&y mancitþCab´CMBak´ kñúgGavasenaH eday ehtukarN¾NamYykþIç GavasenaH eTIbCaTIblieBaZ dl´Pik¡úrUb enaHEmn . minEmnCaTIblieBaZ dl´Pik¡úeRkAGMBIenHeLIy .

‘blieBaZ 10’ BaküÉNa

edayGavas

esckþIvinicä&y

kñúgBaküza ²bNþablieBaZTaMgLay 10 y¨ag blieBaZ ÉNa mYy mandl´RBHeyaKavcrenaH kat´pþac´nUvblieBaZenaH³ dUecñH enH bNÐitKb|IRCabCamun .

eRK]gkgVl´TaMgLayenaH man 10 y¨ag KW Gavasç RtkUlç laPç KN; nig kargarCaKRmb´ 5ç kareZVI dMeNIrç jatiç GaBaZç karsikSaer[nsURt nig #TÆi .

er]genH CaniTsSn; kñúgPav;énGavasminCaTIblieBaZenaH. maner]gdMNalza;

kulbuRt

2

nak´

ecjGMBIGnuraZburI

edaylMdab´ehIy :nbYs kñúgvtþzU:ram .

eTA

bNþabBVCitTaMg 2

enaH bBVCitmYyrUb er[nmatika 2 :ny¨agsÞat´CMnaj CaGñkman vsSaRKb´ 5 bvarNaehIy eTAkan´CnbT eQμaH:cInxNÐraCI . Pik¡úmYyrUbeT[t Kg´nAkñúgzU:ramenaHÉg .

Pik¡úEdleTAkan´CnbT

eQμaH:cInxNÐraCI enAkñúgTIenaH y¨agyUr :nCaRBHezr;ehIy Kit za ²TIenH CaTId*smKYr dl´karenAsmáMç

eNØIycuH GatμaGj


visuTÆimK< ERb

199

200

kmμdðanK<hNnieTÞs

nwgR:b´ nUver]genaH dl´Pikú¡EdlCamiRtsMLaj´pg³ dUecñHehIy

eqøIyza ²RtUvehIy elakd*manGayu³ .

k*ecjBITIenaH eTAdl´zU:ram edaylMdab´ .

²bBiRtelakd*cMerIn CnbTeQμaH:cInxNÐraCICakEnøgmanesckþI

RBHezr;Edlman

Pik¡úGaKnþúketær eBalza

vsSaesμIKña eXIjRBHezr;enaH kMBugedIrcUlmkn@uHÉg eTIbeTArk

suxç BYkeyIgnwgeTA‘enA’ kñúgTIenaHcuH³ .

TTYldMeNIrehIykan´yk:Rt nig cIBrehIy:neZVIvtþRbtibtþi .

k*ecjBInKrtamTVarTisTkSiN edIreTAkan´pøÚvénRsukCageZVIqñaMg .

RBHezr;EdlCaGaKnþúk; :ncUleTAkan´TIesnasn;ehIy Kitza

RBHezr;eRkAenH eBalza ²bBiRtelakd*ceRmIn cuHehtuGVI :nCa

²sMLaj´rbs´GatμaGj nwgyknUvsb|i ß TwkGMeBA ßk* Twk:n;

elakedIreTAkan´pøÚvenH/³ .

mko«LÚvenH eRBaHsMLaj´enH mkenAkñúgnKrenH yUrehIy³ .

Gayu elak:nBN(na nUvCnbT eQμaH:cInxNÐraCI minEmneT

RBHGaKnþúketærenaH min:nvtæúGVIeLIy rhUtdl´yb´ luHRBwkeLIg

ß/³ .

eTIbKitza ²eBlenH sMLaj´ rbs´Gj nwgbJ¢ÚnnUvyaKU nig vtæú

elakKg´enA Gs´kalRbmaNb¨ueNÑHenH etIminmanGtierkbrik¡ar

EdlKYrqan´ EdlBYkóbdðaknaMykmkRbeKn³ .

GVIxøHeTß/³ .

RBHGaKnþúketær

RBHezr; ‘TTYlehIy’

RBHezr; eBalza ²mñalelakd*man

Pikú¡GaKnþúketær eBalza ²bBiRtelakd*cMerIn kñúgTIEdl

RBHezr; eBalza ²mñalGavuesa

RtUvehIyç ERK

enaH min:neXIjnUvyaKU nig vtæúEdlKYrqan´ EdlxøÜn:nKitenaH

nig taMg KWCarbs´sg¹ç

x\úM :nRbmUl Tukdak´va RtwmRtUvehIyç

eLIy eTIbKitza ²eQμaHza rbs´EdleKykmkRbeKn minman

rbs´GVI> ÉeT[tKμaneT³.

RBHGaKnþúketær eBalza ²bBiRtelak

eTç kalebIRBHezr; EdlCasMLaj´rbs´Gj cUleTA‘biNÐ:Rt’

d*ceRmIn! EteQIRct´ nig bMBg´eRbgç Es|keCIgç eRsam:Rt

RbEhlCaBYkóbdðak RbeKneTdwg/³ dUecñHehIy k*cUleTATIRkug

rbs´x\Mú enAmankñúgTIenaHÉg³ .

‘edIm|IbiNÐ:Rt’ CamYyRBHezr;enaH taMgEtBIRBlwm .

RBHezr;

elakenA Gs´eBlmYyézá Tukdak´rbs´ manRbmaNb¨ueNÑaHß/³

TaMgBIrrUbenaH Rtac´eTAelIzñl´EtmYy :nnUvyaKURtwmEtmYyEvk

dUecñH . RBHGaKnþúketær eBalza ²bBiRtelakd*cMerIn BitEmn

k*Gg<úy hutelIGasnsala .

lMdab´enaH Pik¡úGaKnþúk; Kitza

ehIy³ . RBHGaKnþúketærenaHmancitþRCHzøa zVaybg<MRBHezr;ehIy

kñúgevlaqan´P&tþenHÉg mnusSTaMg

eTIbeBalza ²bBiRtelakd*cMerIn cMeBaHPik¡úTaMgLay dUcCaelak

sUm|Ikñúgevlaqan´P&tþenaH

m©as´ karrs´enAkñúgéRBn@uHÉg rEmgRbRBwtþeTA:n kñúgTIRKb´kEnøgç

RBHGaKnþúketæreRkAenH qan´nUvGaharEdlRtac´eTAbiNÐ:Rt :n

zU:ram CaTIkEnøgbJ©úHRBHZatuRBHBuTÆTaMgLay 4 RBHGg<ç elak

mkn@uHÉgehIy k*:nsYrza ²bBiRtelakd*ceRmIn! etIelakjúaMg

m©as´

GtþPaB oRbRBwtþeTAy¨agenH Gs´kalTaMgBYgß/³ .

eXIjmhaectiy nig :neXIjRBHezr;

²yaKURbcaM eXIjza minmanç

Lay nwgRbeKnP&tþd*RbNIt³ dUecñH .

RBHezr;

RBHezr; eBalza ²mñalGavuesa

:nsþab´Zm(EdlCaTIsb|ay

kñúgelahR:saTç rEmgRbRBwtþeTA

:n dUcCa


visuTÆimK< ERb BuTÆkalç

201

sUmelakm©as´ emtþaKg´enA kñúgzU:ramenHcuH³ dUecñH

ehIy kñúgézá TI3

k*:nkan´:Rt nig cIvr eTAEtxøÜnb¨ueNÑaHÉg .

Gavas rEmgminCaTIblieBaZ dl´Pik¡údUcenHeLIy .

kmμdðanK<hNnieTÞs

dUecñHehIy k*:nR:b´er]gra¨venaH‘dl´RBHezr;’ . RBHezr; eBal za ²elak:neZVIkmμlÁehIyç sUm|Ió:sika k*dNþwgsYrminQb´ Edrç cMENkx\úMesat k*:nmkehIy edIm|IRbeyaCn¾enHEdrç cUr

‘kulblieBaZ’ ‘61’

202

elakeTAcuHç cMENkx\úMnwgenAcaMvsSaenH kñúgTIenHÉg³ dUecñHehIy

RtkUljatikþI RtkUlóbdðakkþI eQμaHza RtkUl .

bJ¢ÚnPik¡úkemøaHenaHeTAehIy .

Pik¡úkemøaHenaH :neTAdl´vtþenaH

EmnBit sUm|IRtkUlénóbdðak k*rEmgCablieBaZ cMeBaHPik¡úBYkxøH

kñúgézácUlvsSan@uHÉg . sUm|Iesnasn; EdlejamRbus rbs´

EdlenARcbUkRcbl´ edayn&yza ²ebIBYkóbdðak manesckþIsuxç

elak oeKksagehIyn@uHÉg k*:ndl´Pik¡úkemøaHenaH .

GatμaGj k*manesckþIsuxEdr³ dUecñHCaedIm.

Pik¡úenaH RBat´BIBYk

RKaenaH kñúgézáTI 2 ejamRbusrbs´Pik¡úenaH mkehIy sYrza

mnusSkñúgRtkUl sUm|IeTAkan´vtþCitxag edIm|Isþab´Zm(k*min:n .

²bBiRtRBHKuNm©as´

sUm|Imatabita

Na/³ luH:n»za ²:ndl´Pik¡úkemøaH EdlCaGaKnþúk;³ dUecñH k*

k*minCablieBaZ

cMeBaHPik¡úNamYyeLIy

dUcCa

esnasn;

rbs´ejam

etI:ndl´Pik¡úGg<

Pik¡úkemøaHEdlRtUvCakμÜy rbs´RBHtisSetær EdlGaRs&yenA kñúg

cUleTArkPik¡úenaH

ekarnÞkvihar y¨agenaHÉg .

m©as´d*cMerIn vtþrEmgmandl´Pik¡úEdlcUlcaMvsSa kñúgTIesnasn;

:n»mkza; Pik¡úkemøaHenaH :neTAkan´erahNCnbT edIm|I er[n:lI .

cMENkó:sikaEdlRtUvCabÁÚnRsIrbs´RBHezr; :n

zVaybg<MehIy

rbs´x\úMRBHkruNa³ . dUcemþceTA/³ .

eTIbeBalza

²bBiRtRBHKuN

Pik¡úkemøaHenaH sYrza ²mñaló:sk etIvtþ

ó:skenaH TUlza ²vtþenaH KÅRBHKuNm©as´RtUv

sYrnUvBt(man rbs´Pik¡úkemøaHenaH nwgRBHezr;RKb´> eBlevla .

TTYlPik¡a EtkñúgpÞH rbs´ejamb¨ueNÑaH rhUtGs´ 3 Ex luHdl´

RBHezr; Kitza ²GatμaGj nwgnaMPik¡úkemøaHmk kñúgézámYy³ ehIy

bvarNaehIy kñúgeBlnimnþeTARtUvEtla³ dUecñH .

k*:nedIr manmuxeq¬aHeTAkan´erahNCnbT .

TTYlehIy edaytuNØIPaB .

ÉPik¡úkemøaH Kitza

Pik¡úkemøaHenaH

cMENk ó:sk eTApÞHehIyR:b´

²GatμaGj enAkúñgTIenH k*yUrehIy «LÚvenH GatμaGj nwgeTACYb

za

RBHóbCÄay¾ nig dwgBt(man rbs´ó:sikaehIy caMvilmkvij³

rbs´eyIgç eyIgRtUvóbdðakedayeKarB³ dUecñH . ó:sika TTYl

dUecñHehIy k*:necjBIerahNCnbT . elakTaMgBIrrUbenaH:n

za ²saZu³ ehIyk*:ncat´EcgxaTnIy; ePaCnIy; d*RbNIt> .

mkCYbKña enARtg´mat´Tenø. Pikú¡kemøaHenaH :neZVIvtþcMeBaHRBHezr;

cMENkPik¡úkemøaH kñúgevlaqan´P&tþ k*:neTAkan´pÞHénjati . min

Ek|rKl´eQImYyedIm

manGñkNamñak´

RtUvRBHezr; sYrza ²etIelakeTATINa/ ³

²RBHKuNm©as´GaKnþúk;mYyGg<

:ncUlcaMvsSa

caM ‘s<al´’ Pik¡úkemøaHenaH:neLIy .

kñúgGavas

Pikú¡enaH


visuTÆimK< ERb

203

204

kmμdðanK<hNnieTÞs

qan´nUvbiNÐ:t kñúgpÞHenaH caMvsSa rhUt 3 ExehIy k*laza

pøÚvRKb´> eBl .

ó:sikaenaH eXIjRBHezr;nimnþmkEtmYyGg<

²GatμaPaB nwg ‘cMerInBrla’ eTA³ .

ÉgKt´ k*Kitsμanza ²RbEhlCaelakkUn rbs´Gjsøab´:t´eTA

RKaenaH BYkjati rbs´Pik¡úenaH sUmGgVr za ²bBiRtRBHKuN

ehIy :nCaRBHezr;enH nimnþmkEtmYyGg<b¨ueNÑaH³ . ó:sika

m©as´ dl´ézáEsÁk caMnimnþeTAcuH³ luHdl´ézáTI 2 k*:nGg<as

enaH ERskyMxSwkxSÜl bRmHnen[l enAEk|r:TmUl rbs´RBH

Pik¡úenaH kñúgpÞHn@uHÉg cak´eRbgeBjbMBg´ehIy RbeKnnUvs,rGMeBA

ezr; .

mYydMu nig sMBt´sadk 9 htæ TUlza ²bBiRtRBHKuNm©as´ d*

eRBaHPav;CaGñkmanesckþIR:zñatic

cMerIn sUmRBHKuNm©as´ nimnþeTAcuH³ .

dUecñHehIy k*eZVIoó:sikaenaHsb|aycitþ R:b´er]gra¨vTaMgGs´

eRscehIy

Pik¡úenaH eZVIGnuemaTna

:neTAehIy

minEmneTß/³

odwg :nnaMyknUvsMBt´sadkenaH ecjmkGMBIeRsam:Rt mk

k*edIrmanmuxeq¬aHeTAkan´erahNCnbT .

ÉóbCÄay¾ rbs´Pik¡úenaH bvarNaehIymkkan´pøÚvCYbKña :n CYbPik¡úenaH kñúgTIEdlZøab´CYbKña kñúgkalmunn@uHÉg .

RBHezr; nwkKitza ²Pik¡úkemøaH minoGñkNas<al´xøÜneT

bgØajehIy .

ó:sika RCHzøaehIy Ebrmuxeq¬aHeTATis Edl

Pik¡úenaH

elakkUneTA OnedImRTUg Rkabnms,arehIy eBalza ²RBHman

zVaybgM< nUvRBHezr;ehIy k*:neZVIvtþcMeBaHRBHezr; enAEk|rKl´

RBHPaK dUcCaRTg´eZVI nUvPik¡úEdldUcCaelakkUn rbs´Gj oCa

eQImYyedIm . RKaenaH RBHezr; sYrPik¡úenaH za ²Enelakd*man

kaysk¡I ‘CasakSI’ ehIyetIhñ@!

muxlÁ etIelak:nCYbó:sk nig ó:sika rbs´elakehIy

nalkb|dibTaç tuvdþkb|dibTa nig mhaGriyvMsb|dibTa Edl

ßenA/³ . elakTUlza ²bBiRtRBHGg<d*cMerIn x\úMRBHkruNa :nCYb

sMEdgnUvPaBCaGñksenþas kñúgbc©&y 4 nig PaBCaGñkeRtkGr

ehIy³ dUecñH k*:nTUler]gra¨vTaMgGs´oRBHezr;RCabehIy yk

kñúgPavnaç KYrosresIrEmn! Pik¡úrUbenH sUm|Iqan´enAkñúgpÞH rbs´

eRbgenaH labeCIgRBHezr; yks,rGMeBA eZVICaTwk:n; RbeKn

mþaybegI,t Gs´ry;eBl 3 Ex k*minR:b´za; Gatμa CakUnrbs´

sMBt´sadkenaHÉgdl´RBHezr;Pøam zVaybgM<RBHezr;ehIy k*TUl

ejamç

za ²bBiRtRBHGg<d*cMerIn erahNCnbTb¨ueNÑaH CaTIsb|ay dl´

Emn³ dUecñH .

x\úMRBHkruNa³ dUecñH nimnþeTAehIy .

bita k*minCablieBaZeLIyç mincaM:c´eBaleZVIGVI dl´eTARtkUl

ÉRBHezr; k*mkkan´vtþvij

ehIy kñúgézáTI 2 k*:ncUleTAkan´RsukekarnÞkRKam . cMENkó:sika sg¹wmza ²elakbg rbs´GatμaGj nwg naMelakkUn rbs´xøÜnmk kñúgeBl«LÚvenH³ ehIy Qrrg´caMemIl

RTg´sMEdg nUvrzvinItb|dibTaç

ejamCamata rbs´GatμaeLIyç

Ohñ@! mnusS d*Gs©arü

cMeBaHPik¡úEdlmansPaBEbbenH sUm|Imata nig

óbdðakdéT edayRbkardUecñHÉg . ‘laPblieBaZ’ ‘62’ bc©&yTaMgLay 4 eQμaHza laP . sYrza ; bc©&y


visuTÆimK< ERb TaMg 4 enaH CablieBaZ dUcemþceTA/ .

205 eqøIyza; k*kñúgTIkEnøg

206

kmμdðanK<hNnieTÞs

orYceRscehIy caMcUleTAéRB .

ebIsinkargareZVIrYcEtbnþic enA

EdlPik¡úGñkmanbuNüeTAehIy> BYkmnusS EtgRbeKnbc©&yTaMg

sl´kargar y¨ageRcInç

LayEdlmaneRK]gbrivard*eRcIn . Pik¡úenaH rvl´EteZVIGnuemaTna

cUleTArkKNvackdéT kúñgTIxagkñúg énkMNt´ 1 eyaCn¾ ehIy

rvl´EtsMEdgZm(

eBalza

dl´BYkmnusSTaMgenaH

min:nOkasnwgeZVInUv

Pik¡úenaH kMueTAohYsBImYyeyaCn¾ RtUv

²sUmelakd*manGayu

CYyse®g<aHPik¡úTaMgenH

eday

smNZm(eLIy . cab´taMgBIGruNrHeLIg rhUtdl´bfmyam

sg<hviZI manóeTÞsCaedImpg³ .

Pik¡úenaH RcbUkRcbl´EtCamYynwgmnusS minEdl:ndac´eLIy .

enHeT Kb|IeBalza ²mñalGavuesaTaMgLay! kic©karmü¨ag rbs´x\úM

kñúgevlaeT[bPøÅeT[tesat BYkPik¡ú GñkmankiriyaRbRBwtþibiNÐ:Rt

manç GñkTaMgLay cUreTAkan´TIkEnøg tamsb|aycuH³ dUecñH Kb|I

Cavtþ EdlCaGñkcg´:nbc©&yeRcIn k*mkTUlza ²bBiRtRBHKuN

lHbg´KN;ehIy eZVIkargarrbs´xøÜn .

m©as´d*cMerIn ó:skç ó:sikaç Gamatüç buRtrbs´Gamatüç ZIta

‘kmμblieBaZ’

rbs´Gamatü eQμaHenaH> R:zñacg´eXIjelakm©as´³ .

Pik¡úenaH

‘64’

kalebImin:n dUceBalmk

nvkmμ eQμaHza kargar .

Pik¡úGñkeZVI nUvnvkmμenaH

eBalza ²mñalGavuesa cUrGñkCYyyk:Rt nig cIvrpg³ CaGñk

RtUvdwgóbkrN¾ EdlGñkeZVIkar manCageQICaedIm :nehIy ß

er[bcMbMrugnwgeTAEtmþg CaGñkxVl´xVayCanic© . bc©&yTaMgLay

minTan´:nehIyç RtUvxVl´xVay cMeBaHkargar EdlCageZVIrYcehIy

enaH rEmgCablieBaZ dl´Pik¡únu@HÉg .

nig minTan´eZVIrYcehIyç Pik¡úGñkeZVInvkmμ EtgmanblieBaZsBVEbb

Pik¡úenaH RtUvEtlHecal

nUvKN;ehIy Rtac´eTAEtmñak´Ég kñúgTIkEnøgEdlBYkmnusSeKmin

y¨agdUecñHÉg .

s<al´xøÜn .

ebIkargarmansl´tic RtUveZVIorYceRscoehIy .

eZVIy¨agenH eTIbPik¡úenaH kat´blieBaZenaH:n . ‘KNblieBaZ’

‘63’ BYkPik¡úEdler[nRBHsURtkþI BYkPik¡úEdler[nRBHGPiZmμ kþI eQμaHza KN; .

Pik¡úÉNa rvl´oóeTÞsxøH bribucäaxøH dl´

sUm|IblieBaZenaH Pik¡ú Kb|Ikat´ dUcteTAenH .

garenAsl´eRcInç ebICanvkmμ rbs´sg¹ RtUvEtRbKl´oeTA dl´ sg¹ ßk* dl´BYkPik¡úGñkTTYlnUvPar;ç

BYkPik¡úGñkTTYlPar; y¨agdUecñaHeT

rEmgCablieBaZdl´Pik¡úenaH . blieBaZenaH Pik¡úenaHRtUvkat´pþac´

eTIbeTAcuH .

CaeRcInç kargarbnþicbnþÜcmanenAsl´ç Pik¡úenaH RtUveZVIkargarenaH

ebICanvkmμ rbs´pÞal´xøÜn

Kb|IRbKl´o dl´BYkbuK<lGñkTTYlPar; rbs´xøÜn .

KN;enaH rEmgmin:nOkas edIm|InwgeZVIsmNZm(eLIyç KN;

dUcteTAenH . ebIkargar rbs´Pik¡úTaMgenaH Cakargar‘eZVI’ rYcehIy

ebIsinCakar

ebImin:n

Kb|IlHbg´ odl´sg¹ehIy

‘GTÆanblieBaZ’ ‘65’ kareZVIdMeNIr eQμaHza GTÆan; .

k*bBVC¢aebk¡; rbs´


visuTÆimK< ERb

207

208

kmμdðanK<hNnieTÞs

Pik¡úNa mankñúgTINa ßk* bc©&yNamYy EdlPik¡úNa Kb|I:n

nig óeTÞs minTan´dac´ . ebIGac k*KYrTMnukbMrug o:nelIsenaH

kñúgTINa .

EzmeT[t edayBit .

ebIPik¡úenaH min:nnUvbBVC¢aebk¡; nig bc©&yenaHeT

k*minGacGt´RTaM:neLIy . GñkcUleTAkan´éRBehIy

Zmμtacitþ KitnwgeTA sUm|Irbs´Pik¡ú

eZVIsmNZm(

Kb|IbenÞabg´:n edaylM:k .

k*CaZmμCatEdlbuK<l

eRBaHehtuenaH

Pik¡úenaH

cMeBaHmatabita

Kb|ITMnukbMrug

odUcCaRBHóbCÄay¾cuH .

EmnBit ebICamatabitaTaMgenaH CaGñkfitenA kñúgraCsm|tþiç ehIy

Kb|II

Kat´R:zñanUvkarTMnukbMrugGMBIbuRtç Pik¡ú Kb|IeZVIo:n . mYyeT[t

BicarNakic©karenaH o:neRscehIy caMeZVIesckþIxVl´xVay kñúg

matabitaTaMgenaH minmanzñaMrkSaeraKç Pik¡ú Kb|IozñaMEdlCarbs´

smNZm(cuH .

xøÜnç ebIzñaMrbs´xøÜn minmaneTç Pik¡úKb|IeTAEsVgrkmkedayPik¡acar ‘jatiblieBaZ’

ehIyo ‘dl´matabita’ Tal´Et:n .

‘66’ BYkCnEdlRtUvs<al´Kña manCaGaTi¾ y¨agenH KÅ kñúgvtþ Gacarüç

RBHóbCÄay¾ç

óbCÄay¾ç

sTÆiviharikç

Pik¡úGñkrYmGacarüç

kñúgpÞH

bgbÚÁnRbus eQμaHza jati .

Genþvasikç mataç

Pik¡úGñkrYmRBH

bitaç

bgbÚÁnRsIç

buK<lTaMgLay manGacarü Ca

edImenaH ekItmanCmáÅ eTIbCablieBaZ dl´Pik¡úenH .

eRBaHehtu

EtcMeBaHbgbÁÚnRbus-RsITaMgLayvij

Carbs´BYkeKTaMgenaHÉg ehIyo ‘dl´BYkeK’ . rbs´BYkeKTaMgenaH minmaneTç

rbs´ox©Iç eRkaymk ebI:n Kb|ITTYlyk ebImin:neT minRtUv TareLIy .

Pik¡ú minKYreZVIzñaM minKYrozñaMdl´sVamIrbs´bgbÚÁnRsI

EdlminEmnCajatieLIy .

eZVIbuK<lTaMgenaH ‘oCasHes|Iy’ CaRbRktIeLIgvij .

za ²cUrGñko dl´sVamIrbs´GñkcuH³ .

óbCÄay¾ minCasHes|Iyqab´eTç mYyCIvit .

RBHbBVC¢acarüç

Pik¡ú Kb|IEzTaMelak rhUtGs´

RBHóbsm|Tacarüç

sTÆiviharikç

RBHnisSyacarüç

k*Kb|ITMnukbMrug y¨agenaHEdr .

RBHóeTÞsacarüç

nisSyenþvasikç

cMENk

óeTÞsenþ-

vasik nig Pik¡úGñkrYmGacarüpgKña Kb|ITMnukbMrug drabdl´nis&Sy

EtPik¡ú Kb|Io dl´bgbÚÁnRsI R:b´

bÚÁnRbus k*mann&ydUcKñaenHEdr .

sUm|IkñúgPriya rbs´bg

cMENkÉbuRtTaMgLay rbs´

CnTaMgenaH k*Cajati rbs´Pik¡úenH edayBit eRBaHehtuenaH Pik¡ú pSMzñaM odl´buRtTaMgLay rbs´CnTaMgenaH k*KYr . ‘GaBaZblieBaZ’

Genþvasik EdlxøÜn:nóbsm|&T nig :nbMbYso nig Pik¡úGñkrYm RBHóbCÄay¾CamYyKña

ebIzñaMEdlCa

Pik¡ú Kb|IozñaMEdlCarbs´xøÜn Ca

enaH blieBaZenaH Pik¡úenaH Kb|Ikat´pþac´ edaykaróbdðakehIy

bNþabuK<lTaMgenaH dMbUg RBHóbCÄay¾ manGaBaZç ebIRBH

Pik¡ú Kb|IpSMzñaM Edl

‘67’

eraKÉNamYy eQμaHza GaBaZ .

eb[teb[n eTIbeQμaHza CablieBaZ . kat´ edaykareZVIzñaM .

eraKenaH kal

eRBaHehtuenaH

EtsUm|IkalebIPik¡ú

Pikú¡ Kb|I

eZVIzñaMrkSa BIr bI ézáç


visuTÆimK< ERb

209

210

kmμdðanK<hNnieTÞs

Pik¡ú Kb|ItiHed[lnUvGtþPaB za ²x\úMmin

karsVaZüay rhUtdl´eTA 19 qñaM kñúgqñaMTI 20 k*:nseRmcRBH

EmnCax\úMbeRmI minEmnCakUnQñÜl rbs´GñkeLIyç k*x\úM ciJ©wmGñk

Grhtþ ehIyeBalR:b´ dl´BYkPik¡úEdlmk edIm|IsVaZüay za

enHÉg eTIb:nTTYlesckþITuk¡ kñúgsMsarvdþ EdlbuK<lmindwg

²mñalGavuesa

TIbMput³ dUecñHehIy Kb|IeZVIsmNZm( .

20

eraK k*enAEtminCaes|Iyç

‘KnæblieBaZ’ ‘68’

karEzrkSanUvRBHbriytþi

Lay

eQμaHza

Knæ; . karrkSa

RKb´RKgnUvRBHbriytþienaH rEmgCablieBaZ dl´Pik¡úGñkxVl´xVay Cab´Canic© edaykarsVaZüayCaedIm .

qñaM

minCablieBaZ dl´Pik¡ú

kalebIx\úMminRkeLkemIlRBHbriytþi

Etx\úM:neZVIkarsnSM

cUrcab´epþImcuH³

dUecñH

rhUtdl´eTA

kñúgRBHbriytþienaHehIyç

GñkTaMg

elakminEdlmanesckþIeg]gqál´

sgS&ysUm|IkñúgBüJ¢n;mYyeLIy taMgEtGMBIedIm rhUtdl´cb´ . sUm|IRBHnaKetær

EdlenAGaRs&y

kñúgkurunÆiyKirI

lHbg´

nUvRBHbriytþi rhUtdl´eTA 18 qñaMehIy :nsMEdgnUvZatukza kalPik¡úTaMgLayenaH epÞ{gpÞat´CamYynwg

eRkAGMBIenHeLIy . kñúgPav;énKnæ; minCaTIblieBaZ dl´Pik¡úGñk

dl´Pik¡úTaMgLay .

minxVl´xVayenaH maner]gTaMgenH ‘CaóTahrN¾’ .

RBHKamvasiketærTaMgLay sUm|IEtbJØamYyEdlmkehIy xus

maner]gdMNalza eTAkan´sMNak´

RBHeTvetær

rbs´RBHeTvetær

GñksURtKm¬IrmCÄimnikay

EdlGaRs&yenAmlyCnbT

lMdab´ k*minmanesaHeLIy . sUm|Ikñúgmhavihar

RBHezr;

eQμaHcULaP&y

ehIysMuer[nkmμdðan . RBHezr;sYrza ²mñalGavuesa etIGñkdl´

nUvRBHéRtbidk

min:ner[nGdðkzaeLIy

zñak´NaehIy kñúgRBHbriytþi/³ .

s<rsuvNÑePrI

Rbkasza

RBHmCÄimPaNk; eqøIyza

²bBiRtRBHKuNm©as´d*cMerIn! x\úMecHcaMmCÄimnikay sÞat´CMnaj³ .

énbJ©nikay³ dUecñH .

EdlecHcaM

ehIy:nobuK<lvay

²x\úMnwgbkERbnUvRBHéRtbidk

kñúgrgVg´

Pik¡úsg¹ eBalza ²:nsikSaGMBIGacarü

buK<l

Namk RBHcULaPyetær cUrR:b´EtkarsikSaGMBIGacarü rbs´xøÜn

rkSa:nedaylM:kç kalebIbuK<lsVaZüay nUvmUlbNÑask;ç

cuHç BYkeyIgnwgminoeBaleRkABIenHeLIy³ . sUm|IRBHóbCÄay¾

mCÄimbNÑask; nwgmkç

kalebIsVaZüaymCÄimbNÑask;enaH

k*:nsaksYrRBHcULaPyetærenaH

óbribNÑask; k*nwgmkç

kmμdðan rbs´GñknwgmanmkBINa/³ .

Gavuesa etIGñkoeKvays<rRbkasEmnß/³ . RBHcULaPyetær

RBHezr;eBalza

RBHmCÄimPaNk;

²mñalGavuesa

eBalza

ZmμtamCÄimnikayenaH

²bBiRtRBHKuNm©as´d*cMerIn

x\úMRBH

EdlmkóbdðakxøÜn za ²mñal

TUlza ²bBiRtRBHKuNm©as´d*cMerIn EmnehIy³ .

RBHóbCÄay¾

kruNa :nkmμdðan kñúgsMNak´ rbs´RBHKuNm©as´ehIy nwgmin

sYreT[tza ²eRBaHehtuGVI/³ .

RkeLkemIleT[teLIy³

m©as´d*cMerIn x\úMRBHkruNanwgERbRBHbriytþi³ . RBHóbCÄay¾ sYrza

dUecñHehIy

k*er[nnUvkmμdðan

mineZVInUv

RBHezr; TUlza ²bBiRtRBHKuN


visuTÆimK< ERb

211

212

kmμdðanK<hNnieTÞs

²mñalGP&yd*manGayu GacarüTaMgLay eBalnUvbTenHza dUc

:nemIlmk 30 qñaMehIyç

emþc/³ . RBHezr; eqøIytbza ²bBiRtRBHKuNm©as´d*cMerIn eBal

ERb kñúgsMNak´xú\M kñúgeBlézá x\úM nwgsMEdgR:b´dl´Gñk³ .

y¨agdUecñH³ .

cULaPyetærenaH TTYlza ²saZu Penþ³ dUecñHehIy :neZVIy¨ag

²hw>³ .

RBHóbCÄay¾ EkøgeBalbdiesZ edaysMeLgza

RBHcULaPyetærenaH :neqøIytb edaybriyayepSg>

dUecñaHÉg .

eNIØycuH kúñgevlayb´ cUrGñkbk RBH

BYkGñkRsuk obuK<leZVImhamNÐbRtg´mat´TVar én

eT[tza ²bBiRtRBHKuNm©as´d*cMerIn eBaly¨agdUecñH>³ Gs´var;

brievN ehIymksþab´Zm(er[gral´ézá .

bIdg .

RBHezr; k*:neBalbdiesZ edaysMeLgza ²hw>TaMg

EdlRBHcULaPyetærbkERb kñúgeBlyb´ mksMEdg kñúgeBlézá

Gs´³ ehIyeBalza ²EnelakmanGayu pøÚvEdlGñkeBalehIy

júaMgRBHsURtocb´ edaylMdab´ehIy eTIbGg<úyelIkenÞl Ek|r

Cabfmn@uHÉg CaGacriymK< EteRBaHGñk min:ner[npÞal´mat´GMBI

sMNak´énRBHGPyetærehIy eBalza ²mñalGñkd*manGayu cUr

Gacarü

GñkbeRg[nnUvkmμdðandl´x\úM³ .

eTIbminGacedIm|InwgbJ¢ak´za;

GacarüTaMgLay

eBal

RBHezr; ykRBHsURt

RBHcULaPyetær eBalza ²bBiRt

y¨agenHç cUrGñkeTAcuHç cUrGñksþab´ kñúgsMNak´énGacarü rbs´

RBHKuNm©as´d*cMerIn etIRBHKuNm©as´eBalnUvGVIeTA/ ‘ebI’ kmμdðan

RBHcULaPyetær sYrza ²bBiRtRBHKuNm©as´d*cMerIn x\úM

enaH x\úM:nsþab´ehIy kñúgsMNak´RBHKuNm©as´n@uHÉg minEmneT

xøÜncuH³ .

nwgeTAkñúgTINa/³ .

RBHóbCÄay¾ R:b´za ²RBHezr;eQμaHmha-

ß/ç x\úMnwgR:b´kmμdðanGVIeTA EdlRBHKuNm©as´minTan´ecHenaH/³ .

Zmμrk¡it; CaGñkqøat kñúgRBHbriytþiRKb´y¨ag GaRs&yenA kñúgvihar

lMdab´enaH

eQμaH tulaZarbB(t kñúgerahNCnbT xagmat´RcaMg énTenøKg<a

eQμaHza pøÚvmüa¨g rbs´buK<lGñkeTAdl´ehIyn@uHÉg³ .

ÉeNaHç cUrGñkeTAkan´sMNak´ énRBHmhaZmμrk¡it;enaHcuH³ .

mkza kñúgeBlenaH RBHGPyetær CaRBHesatabnñ .

RBHcULaPyetær

TTYlRBmza

²bBiRtRBHKuNm©as´d*cMerIn

RKaenaH

RBHezr; eBalnwgRBHcULaPyetær za ²mñalGavuesa

RBHcULaPyetær

onUvkmμdðan

:ndwg

dl´RBHezr;enaH

RbéBehIy³ zVaybg<MRBHezr;ehIy k*:neTAkan´sMNak´ énRBH

ehIy eTIbmkbkERbZm( kñúgelahR:saT :nsþab´dMNwg za

ezr; RBmCamYyPik¡ú 500 rUb zVaybg<MehIy eTIbGg<úy .

RBH

²RBHezr;briniBVanehIy³ dUecñH luH:n»ehIy k*eBalza ²mñal

ezr; sYrza ²etIGñkmkeRBaHehtuGVI/³ . RBHcULaPyetær eqøIyza

GavuesaTaMgLay cUrGñkTaMgLay naMykcIvrmk³ dUecñH RKgcIvr

²bBiRtRBHKuNm©as´d*cMerIn x\úMmkedIm|Isþab´Zm(³.

ehIyeBalsresIrRBHezr;za ²mñalGavuesaTaMgLay GrhtþmK<

RBHezr; eBal

za ²mñalGP&yd*manGayu Pik¡úTaMgLay mksYrx\úM kñúgTIXnikay

smKYrehIy dl´Gacarürbs´BYkeyIgç

nig mCÄimnikay mYydgmYykal ÉRBHsURt d*ess x\úMminEdl

Gacarürbs´eyIg CamnusSRtg´

mñalGavuesaTaMgLay!

CaGaCanIybuK<l Gacarürbs´


visuTÆimK< ERb eyIgenaH

suxcitþGg<úyelIkenÞl

213

Ek|rsMNak´

énZmμenþvasik

214

kmμdðanK<hNnieTÞs

KÅPik¡úGñkbMeBjkmμdðan Kb|IkMNt´BYkPik¡úenaHCamunehIyswmcMerIn

rbs´xøÜn ehIyeBalza ²cUrGñkR:b´nUvkmμdðan dl´x\úMpg³ dUecñHç

kñúgBYkPik¡úEdlenA

mñalGavuesaTaMgLay GrhtþmK< smKYrehIydl´RBHezr;³ .

EdlenAkñúgsIma manesckþIsux kMubIeb[teb[nKñaeLIy³ bnÞab´BI

Knæ; minCaTIblieBaZ dl´Pik¡úTaMgLayEbbenHÉg .

edayn&yza

cMerIn kñúgBYk«sSrCn kñúgeKacrRKam

‘69’ b\TÆi EdlCarbs´buzuC¢n eQμaHza b\TÆi . Carbs´EdlrkSa:nedaylM:k

²sUmoPik¡úTaMgLay

enaH Kb|IcMerIn kñúgBYkeTvtaEdlenAkñúgsIma tGMBIenaHmk Kb|I

‘«TÆiblieBaZ’

Carbs´buzuC¢nenaH

kñúgsIma

k*b\TÆi Edl dUcCaTark

bnÞab´mk Kb|IcMerIn kñúg

mnusS kñúgeKacrRKamenaH rhUtdl´sBVstVTaMgLay . ‘cMerIn’emtþa kñúgPik¡úsg¹

k*eRBaH

Pik¡úenaH rEmgeZVIoPik¡úTaMgLay Edl

EdlenAedkpáar nig dUcCaRsUvd*x©I rEmgEbkZøay edayehtuman

enArYmCamYyKña ekItmancitþTn´ . kalebIdUecñaH Pik¡úTaMgLayenaH

RtwmEtbnþicbnþÜcb¨ueNÑaH

dl´

CaGñkmankarenArYmCasux dl´Pik¡úenaH .

eRBaH ‘cMerIn’emtþa kñúg

vibsSna minCablieBaZ dl´smaZieT eRBaHb\TÆienaH buK<l:n

BYkeTvta EdlGaRs&yenA kñúgsImaenaH

Pik¡úenaH

smaZiehIy eTIbseRmc .

TaMgLay EdlmancitþKÅemtþaenaH eZVIoeTarTn´ehIy rkSaXMuRKg

.

k*b\TÆienaH

rEmgCablieBaZ

eRBaHehtuenaHÉg «TæiblieBaZ RBH

eyaKavcr GñkR:zñavibsSna Kb|Ikat´pþac´ç blieBaZeRkAGMBIenH

lÁehIy edaykarrkSaEdlRbkbedayZm( .

RBHeyaKavcr GñkR:zñasmz; Kb|Ikat´pþac´

kñúg«sSrCn kñúgeKacrRKam

.

esckþIBisþar kñúgblieBaZkzaenH bNÐit Kb|IRCabCamun . ‘70’ cMENkkñúgBaküza ²cUreTArkRBHeyaKI GñkonUvkmμdðan

EdlCaklüaNmiRt³ dUecñHenH manvinicä&y dUcteTA ; kmμdðan man 2 y¨ag

kmμdðan 1 .

KÅ ;

sBVtækkmμdðan 1

eRBaH ‘cMerIn’emtþa

Pik¡úenaH CaGñkKÅ«sSrCnTaMgLay

Edlmansnþancitþ KÅemtþaenaH eZVIoTn´ehIy EzrkSakarBar y¨ag lÁehIy edaykarEzrkSaEdlRbkbedayZm( . eRBaH‘cMerIn’emtþa kñúgmnusSTaMgLay

‘kmμdðan 2 y¨ag’

CaGñkKÅeTvta

kñúgeKacrRKamenaH

Pik¡úenaH

CaGñkKÅmnusS

TaMgLayenaH EdlmancitþKÅemtþaenaH eZVIoRCHzøaehIy minemIl

:rihariy-

kñúgkmμdðanTaMg 2 y¨agenaH ‘kmμdðanKÅ’ emtþa kñúg

gayehIy rEmgRtac´eTA . TaMgBYg

Pik¡úenaH CaGñkmankiriyaRtac´eTA minRtUveKraMgsÞH kñúgTI

buK<lTaMgLay manBYkPik¡úCaedIm kþI ‘kmμdðanKÅ’ mrNsSti kþI

TaMgBYg .

eQμaHza sBVtækkmμdðan .

²GatμaGj

GacarüBYkxøH eBalza ²GsuPsJ¦a

eQμaHza sBVtækkmμdðan³ dUecñHk*man . EmnBit emtþa

Cabfm

eRBaH ‘cMerIn’emtþa kñúgstVTaMgLay

müa¨geT[t edaymrNsSti Pik¡úenaH kalKit za KÅBitCanwgsøab´³

dUecñH

nwglHbg´nUvGensn;ehIy

CaGñkmanesckþIsegVK rIkcMerInx¬s´eLIg >

CaGñkmankarRbRBwtþi


visuTÆimK< ERb minZUrzy .

215

mYyeT[t kalebIPik¡úenaH mancitþsnSMGb´rM kñúg

GsuPsJ¦aehIy

GarmμN¾TaMgLaysUm|ICaTiBV

k*nwgminRKb

sg,t´nUvcitþ ‘rbs´Pik¡úenaH’ edayGMNacénesckþIelaPln´ . dUc:nBN(namkenHÉg kmμdðan 3 man emtþakmμdðan Ca edIm

eTIbelakehAza

²sBVtækkmμdðan³ eRBaHCakmμdðan Edl

buK<lKb|IRtUvkar KÅKb|IR:zñakñúgPavnanueyaKTaMgBYg eRBaHPav; CakmμdðanEdlmanóbkareRcInpg eRBaHCaTItaMgénkargar KÅkiriya tamRbkber]y> EdleyaKPavna RtUvkarehIypg .

cMENk

kmμdðanÉNa kñúgkmμdðanTaMg 40 smKYr dl´criya rbs´Pik¡úNaç kmμdðanenaH rbs´Pik¡úenaH elakehAza ²:rihariykmμdðan³ eRBaH Cakmμdðan EdlPik¡úenaH RtUvEtrkSa Cab´Canic© nig eRBaHCabTdðan énPavnakmμx¬s´eLIg > rbs´Pik¡úenaHpg . Pik¡úrUbNa onUvkmμdðanTaMg 2 y¨agenH dUc:neBalehIyç Pik¡úrUbenH eQμaHza CaGñkonUvkmμdðanç RBHeyaKavcr Kb|IcUl eTArkPik¡úGñkokmμdðanenaH .

Baküza ²CaklüaNmiRt³ KÅmiRtEdllÁ GñkfitenAehIy RbkbedayRbeyaCn¾suxEtmüa¨g

RbkbRBmehIy edayKuNmanCaGaTi¾ y¨agdUecñH KÅ ;

CaGñkKYrRsLaj´ 1 KYreKarB 1 KYrsresIr 1 CaGñkeBal 1

CaGñkGt´Zn´nUvBakü 1

kmμdðanK<hNnieTÞs

EtgnUvkza‘Zm(’d*RCaleRCA 1 mindwknaM‘buK<l déT’ kñúgTIEdlminKYr 1 . k*eRBaHRBHBuTÆvcn;za ²mñalGannÞ! BitEmn stVTaMgLay CaGñkmanCatiCaZmμta GaRs&ytzaKtEdlCaklüaNmiRtehIy rEmgrYcputGMBICati:n ‘1’ ³ dUecñHCaedIm RBHsmμasm¬úTÆn@uHÉg Ca klüaNmiRt RbkbRBmedayGakar;TaMgBYg .

CaGñk

CaGñk

eRBaHehtuenaH

kalRBHsmμasm¬úTÆRBHGg<enaH RTg´ZrmanenAeLIyç kmμdðanEdl buK<ler[nehIy kñúgsMNak´énRBHmanRBHPaKGg<enaH Etb¨ueNÑaH CakmμdðanEdlbuK<ler[nlÁehIy EtkalebIRBHGg< RTg´briniBVan eTAehIy bNþaRBHmhasav&kTaMg80 RBHmhasav&kGg<Na man CIvitrs´enAç

Pik¡ú nwger[nkmμdðan kñúgsMNak´énRBHmhasav&k

Gg<enaH k*KYrç

sUm|IRBHmhasav&kGg<enaH minmaneTç

R:zñacg´er[nkmμdðanNamYy

k*Kb|Ier[n

xøÜnCaGñk

kñúgsMNak´énRBHxINa

RsB EdlCaGñkjúaMgctuk,Qan nig bJ©kQan oekIt eday GMNackmμdðan

‘klüaNmiRt’

kñúgEpñkénesckþIcMerIn

216

EdlxøÜnRtUvkarenaHÉg

cMerInvibsSna Edlman

QanenaH CabTdðanehIy seRmcnUvkarGs´eTAénGasv; . sYrza ²k*RBHxINaRsB RbkasnUvxøÜnza GatμaGj CaRBH xINaRsBß/ ³ .

eqøIyza ²nwgeBaleZVIGVI eRBaHRBHxINaRsB

dwgnUvPav;énPik¡úenaH eZVIBitehIy eTIbRbkasç dwgza ²kmμdðan KÅPik¡úenH R:rBÆehIy 1- suÇ sMÇ sKÇ

RBHGsSKutþetær

Pik¡úenH CaGñkeZVIBit³ dUecñH

PaKTI 29 TMB&rTI 239 .


visuTÆimK< ERb

217

218

kmμdðanK<hNnieTÞs

ehIy RkalpÞaMgEs|kelIGakas Gg<úyBt´EPñnelIpÞaMgEs|kenaH

eRBaHehtuenaH

ehIy R:b´nUvkmμdðan minEmneTß/³ .

kmμdðan CaklüaNmiRtEbbenaH eZVIvtþbtibtþi dl´Pik¡úenaHehIy

eRBaHehtuenaH ebIRBH

RBHeyaKavcr

Kb|IcUleTArkPik¡ú

EdlCaGñko

eyaKavcr :nnUvRBHxINaRsB k*kar:nenaH CakarlÁehIyç ebI

Kb|Ier[nykkmμdðan .

min:neT Kb|Ikan´yk kñúgsMNak´énRBHGnaKamI RBHskTaKamI

EdlCaklüaNmiRtenaH kñúgvtþCamYyKñan@uHÉg kar:ny¨agenaH

RBHesatabnñ buzuC¢n Gñk:nQan Pik¡úGñkRTRTg´RBHéRtbidk Gñk

CakarlÁehIyç ebImin:neTç

RTRTg´bidkBIr GñkRTRTg´bidkmYy cuHtamlMdab´>mkç sUm|Ikal

kñúgTINa RBHeyaKavcr Kb|IeTA kñúgTIenaHcuH .

ebIPik¡úGñkRTRTg´bidkmYy minmaneTç Pik¡úÉNa CaGñksÞat´CMnaj

minRtUvBak´Es|keCIgedayeCIgEdllagdusCRmHehIy :Mgq&Rt

sUm|InikaymYy RBmTaMgGdðkza nig Pik¡úenaH xøÜnÉg CaGñkman

eRbIoeKkan´yknUveRK]geRbIR:s´ manbMBg´ eRbg nig ePsC¢;

kareG[nxμas Kb|Ikan´yk ‘kmμdðan’ kñúgsMNak´énPik¡úGg<enaH .

manTwkXMμú nig s,rGMeBACaedIm manGenþvasik ecameramehIyedIr

eRBaHza Pik¡úEbbenH CaGñkRTRTg´nUvEbbbT CaGñktamrkSanUvvgS

eTAç EtKb|IbMeBjKmikvtþ ehIykan´yk:Rt nig cIvrrbs´xøÜn

RtkUl CaGñkEzrkSaRbéBNI CaGacarü CaGñkeC]tammti rbs´

edayxøÜnÉgEtmþg cUleTAkan´vtþNa> kñúgcenøaHpøÚv eZVIvtþRbtibtþi

Gacarü CaGñkminyktamGtþenam&ti .

kñúgTITaMgBYg

eRBaHehtuenaHÉg eTIbRBH

e:raNketærTaMgLay :neBalehIy 3 dg za ²Pik¡úlC¢I

nwg

rkSaç Pik¡úlC¢I nwgrkSaç Pik¡úlC¢I nwgrkSa³ dUecñH . k*kñúgkarokmμdðanenH Pik¡úmanRBHxINaRsBCaedIm Edl:n

ebIRBHeyaKavcr :nPik¡úGñkonUvkmμdðan

Pik¡ú GñkokmμdðanenaH GaRs&yenA

CaGñkmanbrik¡ard*Rsal

k*kalebInwgeTA

mankarRbRBwtþidusCRmH

y¨agéRkElgRtac´eTA . kalcUleTAdl´vtþenaH Kb|IjúaMgbuK<l oeZVIeQICRmHeZμj Cakb|iy; kñúgcenøaHpøÚvn@uHÉgehIy kan´cUl eTA .

mYyeT[t minKYrcUleTAkan´brievNepSgeT[t edayKit

eBalmkehIy BÆd*xagedIm rEmgR:b´:nEtpøÚvEdlxøÜn:nsMerc

za ²Gj nwgsRmak eZVInUvsrIrkic© manlag nig labeCIgCaedIm

ehIyb¨ueNÑaHÉg .

bnþicsinehIy caMcUleTArksMNak´Gacarü³ .

cMENkÉ Pik¡úCaBhusSÚt eRBaHPav;énxøÜnCa

sYrza ²eRBaH

GñkcUleTArkGacarüenaH>ehIy júaMgóK<h;‘karer[n’ nig bribucäa

ehtuGVI/³ .

eqøIyza ²eRBaHzaPik¡úTaMgLayEdlCavisPaK rbs´

‘karsaksYr’ oRCHRsLHehIy kMNt´nUvRBHsURt nig ehtu

GacarüenaH Kb|Iman kñúgbrievNenaHç Pik¡úTaMgenaH sYrehtuénkar

karN¾ GMBITIenHxøH TIenaHxøH RbkboeTACaTIsb|ay ß minCa

mkehIy Kb|IRbkasnUveTasrbs´GacarüehIy eBalza ²vinas

TIsb|ay sMEdgpøÚvd*ZMTUlay ehIyR:b´nUvkmμdðan eRb[bdUcCa

ehIyelakeGIy!

mhahtæI EdledIrcUleTA kñúgTIéRBEdls)ubRTub y¨agenaHÉg .

Kb|IjúaMgesckþIekþARkhay oekIteLIgç

ebIelakmkkan´sMNak´GacarüenaH³ Pik¡úenaH

ehIy

Kb|Ivilvij


visuTÆimK< ERb cakTIenaH eRBaHehtuNaç

219

eRBaHehtuenaH

Pik¡ú Kb|IsYrTIlMenA

kmμdðanK<hNnieTÞs

ehIy tmk RtUvlabeCIgehIy eBalza ²bBiRtRBHKuNm©as´ d* cMerIn x\úMnwgTukdak´nUvbMBg´eRbgenH³ ebIGacarüTTYl Kb|IRbeKn .

rbs´GacarüehIy swmeTARtg´ kñúgTIenaHEtmþg . ebIGacarüekμgCag minKYreRtkGrnwgsamIcikmμ mankarTTYl yk:Rt nig cIvrCaedImeLIy .

220

ebIGacarücas´Cagç eTAdl´

Pik¡úminRtUv‘Rbjab´’ eBaly¨agenHza ²bBiRtRBHKuNm©as´d*cMerIn sUmRBHKuNm©as´ emtþaR:b´kmμdðandl´x\úM³ cab´taMgBIézáEdlmk

ehIy Kb|IzVaybgM<GacarüehIyQr . ebIGacarüeBalza ²mñal

dl´ .

elakd*manGayu cUrelakdak´:RtnigcIvrcuH³ ehIyKb|Idak´cuH .

Kb|IsUmóbdðakenaH ehIyeZVIvtþ .

ebIsUmehIy óbdðakenaHmin

ebIGacarüeBalza ²nimnþqan´Twk³ dUecñHehIy

oeT ebI:nOkasPøam Kb|IeZVI .

k*kalnwgeZVI Kb|IRbeKneQI

ebIR:zña RtUvqan´ .

GacarüeBalza ²cUrlageCIg³ minRtUvlageCIgCamuneT .

eRBaH

Etcab´BIézáTI 2 eTA ebIóbdðakCaRbcaM rbs´Gacarüman

CRmHeZμj 3 y¨ag KÅ xñattUcç

xñatkNþal nig xñatZM .

Twk

za ebIGacarü RtUveTAdgTwkmk k*CakarminsmKYreLIy . EtebI

sMrab´lagmux nig TwksMrab´gUt Kb|IeRt[mTukTaMg 2 y¨ag KÅ;

GacarüR:b´za ²mñalGavuesa cUrlagcuH TwkenaH x\úMmn i :ndgmk

TwkRtCak´ TwkekþA .

eT KÅBYkPik¡údéTeTEdldgmk³ ehIy Kb|IeTAGg<úy kñúgTIEdl

rhUt 3 ézá bnÞab´BIenaH Kb|IRbeKneQICRmHeZμj nig TwkdUecñaH

Gacarü emIlmineXIj

Ég Cab´Canic© .

eTaHbICaTITMenr EdlmaneRK]gbiT:Mg ß

TIvaldUecñaH ßk* TIEk|r> énvihark*:n ehIylageCIgcuH . GacarünaMykbMBg´eRbgmk edayeKarB .

Kb|IeRkakeLIg

ebI

ykédTaMgBIrTTYl

eRBaHebIPik¡ú minTTYlbMBg´eRbgenaHeT Gacarünwg

GacarüeRbInUveQICRmHeZμj nig TwkNamYy

kalebIGacarüminerIs eRbINamYyk*:n Kb|I

RbeKntamEt:nmk .

nwgeBaleRcIneZVIGVI .

vtþd*RbéB KÅRBH

manRBHPaKRTg´bJ¦tþehIy kñúgmhaxnÆk; za ²mñalPik¡úTaMgLay Genþvasik Kb|IeZVIvtþd*RbéB cMeBaHGacarüç

enH CakareZVIvtþRbéB

ekItmancitþKitepSgza ²Pik¡úenH júaMgkiriyaKb´rkokMerIk cab´taMg

kúñger]genaH KÅ Genþvasik Kb|IeRkakeLIg GMBIRBlwmEtmþg edaH

BIeBlenH BitEmn³ .

EtluHTTYlykehIy minRtUvlabeCIg

Es|keCIgecj RKgcIBreq[gsμam¡agehIy RbeKneQICRmHeZμj

eRBaHza eRbgenaH CaeRbgsMrab´labxøÜn rbs´

RbeKnTwklagmux RkalGasn;o ebIyaKUman Kb|IlagPaCn;

munPøam> eT .

Gacarü nwgeTACakarEdlminsmKYr .

ehtuenaH Pik¡ú Kb|Ilab

k|almunehIy caMlabnUvGvyv; man-k CaedIm .

EtebIGacarü

eBalza ²mñalGavuesa! eRbgenH CaeRbgsRmab´ eRbIR:s´:n RKb´y¨ag

cUrGñklabeCIg

k*:n³ dUecñH

RtUvdak´elIk|albnþic

ehIyRbeKnyaKU³ dUecñHCaedIm enaHÉNaç

Kb|IeZVIsmμavtþTaMg

Gs´enaHcuH . sisS júaMgGacarüoeRtkGr edayvtþsm|tþi y¨agenHç kñúg evlaláac GacarüoeTAvij edayR:b´ za ²cUrGñk eTAcuH³

zVay


visuTÆimK< ERb

221

222

kmμdðanK<hNnieTÞs

bg<MehIyswmeTA . GacarüenaH sYrza ²etIGñkmk edIm|IGVI/³ kñúg

manraK;CaedIm :ndl´criya 4 déTeT[t énvtæú 3 xagcug man

eBlNaç

sTÆaCaedIm :ndl´ criya 4 déTeT[t k*dUcKña .

kñúgeBlenaH RtUvR:b´ehtukarN¾Edlmk .

ebIsin

EtebI

GacarüenaH minsYreT EtGacarü eRtkGrnwgvtþRbtibtþiç kalebI

eBalRbePT y¨agdUecñH criya rEmgmaneRcInCaGenk eRBaHeZVI

knøg 10 ézá ß mYybkS eTAehIy kñúgézámYy sUm|IGacarü:n

karbUkrYm edayvtæú 3 xagedIm manraK;CaedIm cUlCamYyKña

GnuJ¦atþehIy k*minKYreTA oelakeZVIOkasehIy caMR:b´ehtu

nwgvtæú 3 xagcug mansTÆaCaedImç

énkarmk . ßk* eTAxusevla RtUvGacarü sYrza ²etIGñkmk edIm|I

criyaEt 6 b¨ueNÑaH edayseg¡b .

GVI/³ Kb|IR:b´ . ebIGacarüenaH R:b´za ²cUrGñkmkGMBIRBwkbnþic³ RtUvEtmkGMBIRBlwmEtmþg . EtebIkñúgeBlenaH eBaHrbs´Pik¡úenaH RtUveraKezøImeb[teb[nkþI Gaharminrlay eRBaHZatuePøIgticeBkkþI eraK ÉNamYydéTeT[t eb[teb[nkþIç Kb|IR:b´nUveraKenaH tam sPaBBit R:b´nUvevlaEdlCaTIsb|ay rbs´xøÜnehIy RtUvcUl eTArk kñúgeBlenaH .

eRBaHza enAkñúgevlaEdlminsb|ay

sUm|IEtGacarü R:b´kmμdðano k*minGaceZVITuk kñúgcitþ:nEdr . enH CaesckþIBisþar

kñúgBaküza ²cUleTArkGacarü Gñkokmμdðan

EdlCaklüaNmiRt³ enaH .

²kmμdðan EdlsmKYrdl´criyarbs´xøÜn³ dUcteTAenH .

criyaç emahcriyaç sTÆacriyaç BuTÆicriyaç vitk,criya .

eTasbu¨Enþ

GacarüBYkxøH R:zñaykcriya 14 RBmTaMgcriya 8 enH KÅ ; edaykarRcbUkRcbl´Kña

mYy . edayGMNcéncriyaTaMg 6 enaH buK<lk*man 6 dUcKña Edr

KÅ;

buK<lEdlCaraKcritç

nig edaykarrYbrYmKña énvtæú 3 xagedIm

buK<lEdlCaeTascritç

buK<l

EdlCaemahcrtiç buK<lEdlCasTÆacritç buK<lEdlCaBuTÆicritç buK<lEdlCavitk,crit .

eRBaHehtuEdlkñúgbuK<lTaMg 6 BYkenaH

buK<lEdlCaraKcrit kñúgeBlRbRBwtþkusl rEmgmansTÆad*xøaMg køa

eRBaHsTÆa manKuNEdlenACitEk|rnwgraK; .

EmnBit

kñúg

EpñkxagGkusl raK; maneTasd*CitsñiTÆ minmanesAhμg y¨ag kñúgEpñkkusl sTÆa k*CaKuNEdlRss´RbimRbiy min

esAhμg y¨agenaHEdr .

‘71’ «LÚvenH bNÐit Kb|IRCabesckþIBisþar kñúgBaküza

Baküza ²criya³ :ndl´ criya 6 KÅ ; raKcriyaç

Baküza ²criya bkti ósSnñta³ edayGtæ mann&y Et

Namijç

‘criya nig crit 6’

eRBaHehtuenaH Kb|IRCab

raK; EsVgrknUvvtæúkam y¨agNaç sTÆa

k*EsVgrkKuNmansIlCaedIm y¨agenaHEdr .

raK; rEmgminlH

bg´ecalnUvrbs´EdlminEmnCaRbeyaCn¾

y¨agNamijç

sTÆa

k*minlHbg´ecalnUvrbs´EdlCaRbeyaCn¾

y¨agenaHEdrç

eRBaH

ehtuenaH

buK<lEdlCasTÆacrit

eTIbmancMENkesμIKñanwgbuK<l

EdlCaraKcrit . cMENkbuK<lEdlCaeTascrit kñúgeBlRbRBwtþkusl rEmg


visuTÆimK< ERb

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224

kmμdðanK<hNnieTÞs

manbJ¦ad*xøaMgkøa eRBaHbJ¦amanKuNenACitnwgeTas; . EmnBit

KW raK;n@uHÉgç

kñúgEpñkGkusl eTas; CaeTasEdlminmanesckþIRsLaj´ min

ehtuenaH tNØa nig manHTaMg 2 enaH k*minrYcputGMBIraKcriya .

Cab´CMBak´nUvGarmμN¾ y¨agNamijç

cMENkÉ Tidðicriya rEmgeTAtamemahcriyan@uHÉg eRBaHTidði man

kñúgEpñkkusl bJ¦a k*Ca

KuuNEdlminmanesñha minCab´CMBak´nUvGarmμN¾ y¨agenaHEdr .

cMENkmanH k*sm|yutþ edayraK;enaH

eRBaH

emah;CaedImehtu .

mYyeT[t eTas; rEmgEsVkrkEteTasEdlminBit y¨agNamijç

‘72’ sYrza ²k*criyaTaMgenHenaH manGVICaedImehtu/ nig

bJ¦a rEmgEsVgrkEteTasEdlBitb¨ueNÑaH y¨agenaHEdr. eTas;

Kb|Idwg:n dUcemþcza; buK<lenH CaGñkmanraKcritç buK<lenHCa

rEmgRbRBwtþeTA

y¨agNaç

GñkmancritNamYy kñúgcritTaMgLay maneTascrit CaedIm /

bJ¦a rEmgRbRBwtþeTA edayGakarmineGIeBIcMeBaHsg¡ar y¨agenaH

nig GVIEdlCaTIsb|aydl´buK<lEdlmancritEbbNa/³ dUecñH .

Edrç

edayGakarEdlmineGIeBIcMeBaHstV

‘edImehtuéncriya’

eRBaHehtuenaH buK<lEdlCaBuTÆicrit eTIbmancMENkesμIKña

bNþacriyaTaMg 6 enaH

nwgbuK<lEdlCaeTascrit . ÉbuK<lEdlCaemahcrit

kalBüayameZVInUvkuslZm(Edl

GacarüBYkxøH

eBalza

nwgeqøIycriya 3 xagedIm Camun

²criyaTaMgLay 3 xagedImenaH man

minTan´ekIt oekIteLIgç vitk,;TaMgLay EdleZVIesckþIGnþray

GaciNÑkmμ kñúgPBmun CaedImehtu 1 manZatu nig eTas CaedIm

rEmgekIteLIg

ehtu 1³ dUecñH .

emah; .

edayeRcIn

eRBaHvitk,; manlk¡N;enACitKñanwg

EmnBit emah; mintaMgenAs)b´ehIy eRBaHvegVgvgVan´

Pan´PaMgehIy y¨agNaç

vitk,; k*minQb´enAesá{m:n eRBaH

rvl´EtKitRtiHriH eRcInRbkarepSg> k*y¨agenaHEdr .

mYyeT[t

:n»mkza buK<lGñkeRcInedaybeyaK EdlCaTIR:zña nig kmμEdllÁmkGMBIkalmunkþI mnusSEdlcüútmkBIfansYK( ehIy mkekIt

kñúgmnusSelakenHkþI

CabuK<lEdlmanraKcritç

buK<l

eRBaHPav;éncitþmintaMgenArwgmaMlÁ

GñkeRcInedaykmμ EdlCaeB[revra KÅkab´eKç vayeKç smøab´eK

y¨agNaç vitk,; CaZmμCatkeRmIkjab´j&r eRBaHmankarKitqab´

nig cab´cgeKkñúgkalmunkþI buK<lEdlcüútmkBInrk nig kMeNIt

rh&s y¨agenaHEdrç

Bs´ ehIymkekIt kñúgmnusSelakenHkþI CabuK<lEdlmaneTas-

emah;

CaeTasEdljab´j&r

eRBaHehtuenaH buK<lEdlCavitk,crit eTIb

mancMENkesμIKña nwgbuK<lEdlCaemahcrit . GacarüBYkxøH :neBalza ²criya man 3 y¨ag epSgeT[t edayGMNacéntNØaç manH nig Tidði³ .

bNþabI y¨agenaH tNØa

crit . buK<lEdleRcInedaykarpwkTwkRsvwg nig CaGñklHbg´ ecalnUvkarsþab´ nig karsaksYr kñúgkalmunkþI buK<lEdlcüút GMBIkMeNIt énstVtircäan

ehIymkekIt enAkñúgmnusSelakenHkþI


visuTÆimK< ERb

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226

kmμdðanK<hNnieTÞs

CabuK<lEdlmanemahcritç eRBaHehtuenHÉg eTIbelak eBalza

sUm|IEtedImehtu

²criyaTaMg3 manGaciNÑkmμ kñúgPBmun CaedImehtu³ dUecñHÉg .

Gs´enaHÉg CaBaküEdlelakmin:nkMNt´ehIy .

müa¨geT[t

buK<lEdlCaemahcrit

bfvIZatu 1 Gae:Zatu 1 duHdaleLIgç

cMENkÉesckþIenH

eRBaHZatu 2 y¨ag KÅ buK<lEdlCaeTascrit

eRBaHZatuTaMg 2 eRkAGMBIenHduHdaleLIg . buK<l EdlCaraKcrit

éncriyamYyeLIy

eRBaHehtuenaH

CaesckþIvinicä&y

BaküTaMg

eTAtammti

énRBH

GdðkzacarüTaMgLay kñúgbJØaenH za ²criyaTaMgLay manGVICa edImehtu/³ dUecñH .

kñúgeTasTaMgLay buK<l

BitdUecñaH kñúgósSTkitþn; elak:neBalBaküenHmkehIy

EdleRcInedayesøsμ¾ CaGñkmanraKcritç buK<l EdleRcIneday

za ²stVTaMgLayenH edayniyam ‘kMNt´’ énehtu kñúgkalmun

xül´ CaGñkmanemahcritç ßk* buK<l EdleRcInedayesøsμ¾ Ca

CaGñkRkas´edayelaP;k*man CaGñkRkas´edayeTas; k*man Ca

Gñkmanemahcritç buK<lEdleRcInedayxül´ CaGñkmanraKcrit

GñkRkas´edayemah; k*man CaGñkeRcInedayGelaP; k*man Ca

y¨agdUecñH 1ç

GñkeRcInedayGeTas;

eRBaHZatuTaMgBYgesμIKña y¨agdUecñH 1ç

dUc:neBalmkenHÉg eTIbelak eBalza ²crit

TaMg 3 xagedIm manZatu nig eTas CaedImehtu³ dUecñH .

k*man

CaGñkeRcInedayGemah;

k*manç

EmnBit kñúgxN;EdlBüayameZVIkmμ buK<lNa manelaP;d*xøaMg

eRBaHehtuza bNþabuK<lTaMgenaH sUm|IbuK<lTaMgLay Gñk

køa manGelaP;Tn´exSay manGeTas; nig Gemah;xøaMgkøa man

eRcInedaybeyaK EdlCaTIR:zña nig kmμEdllÁ ‘manmk’ kñúg

eTas; nig emah;Tn´exSay GelaP;d*Tn´exSay rbs´buK<lenaH

kalmunkþI sUm|ImnusSEdlcüútmkGMBIfansYK( ehIymkekIt kñúg

minGacedIm|IRKbsg,t´ nUvelaP;:neT EtGeTas; nig Gemah;

mnusSelakenHkþI minEmnsuTÆEtCabuK<lraKcritTaMgGs´n@uHeT ßk*

xøaMgkøa GacRKbsg,t´ nUveTas; nig emah;:n eRBaHehtuenaH

buK<lTaMgLayeRkABIenH k*minEmnCaGñkmaneTascrit nig emah

buK<lenaH

critRKb´> KñaEdr .

k*ZmμtakarkMNt´criya edaykarduHeLIg én

ekItmkehIy

edayGMNacénbdisnÆi

EdlkmμenaH

pþl´oehIy CabuK<lelμaP ‘Et’ CabuK<lEdlmancitþRtCak´ min

ZatuTaMgLay tamn&yEdl:neBalmkehIyenaH minmaneT nig

eRkaZxwg manbJ¦a manjaNdUcCaeBRC .

kñúgkarkMNt´criya edayeTas KÅelak:neBalehIy Et 2

kñúgxN;BüayameZVIkmμ manelaP; nig eTas; d*mankmøaMg man

y¨ag KÅ raKcrit nig emahcritb¨ueNÑaHç sUm|IBaküEdl:neBal

GelaP; nig GeTas; d*Tn´exSay EtmanGemah;xøaMgkøa man

mkenaH BaküxagedIm nig Baküxagcug CaBaküxusKña EmnBitç

emah; Tn´exSayç buK<lenaH edayn&ymunn@uHÉg CabuK<lelμaP

cMENk kñúgcriyaTaMgLay

pg

mansTÆaCaedIm elakmin:neBal

cMENkbuK<lNa

CabuK<leRkaZxwgpg EtCabuK<lqøat manjaN dUcCaeBRC


visuTÆimK< ERb eRb[bdUcCaRBHTtþaPyetær

227

y¨agenaHÉgç

buK<lNa

kñúgxN;

BüayameZVIkmμ manelaP; nig emah;d*mankmøaMg eRkAGMBIenH Tn´

228

kmμdðanK<hNnieTÞs

mhasg¹rk¡itetær y¨agenaHÉg . k*kñúgósSTkitþn;enH Kb|IRCabvinicä&y dUcteTA;

buK<lNa

exSayç buK<lenaH edayn&ymunn@uHÉg CabuK<lelμaPpg CabuK<l

elakehAza CaGñkelμaPç buK<lenH CaGñkmanraKcrit . cMENk

lág´exøApg EtCabuK<lmancitþRtCak´ mineRkaZxwgç mann&ydUcKña

buK<lEdlehAza CaGñkeRkveRkaZ nig CaGñklág´exøA :ndl´

enaHEdr buK<lNa kñúgxN;BüayameZVIkmμ manelaP;ç eTas;

buK<lGñkmaneTascrit

nig emah;TaMg 3 y¨ag mankmøaMgxøaMg manGelaP;CaedIm Tn´

elakehAza GñkmanbJ¦a :ndl´buK<lEdlmanBuTÆicrit. buK<l

exSayç buK<lenaH edayn&ymunn@uHÉg CabuK<lelμaPpg CabuK<l

EdlehAza CaGñkminelaP nig mineRkveRkaZ :ndl´ buK<l

eRkveRkaZpg

EdlCasTÆacrit eRBaHbuK<lEdlminelaPln´ nig mineRkveRkaZ

CabuK<lvegVgpgç

b¨uEnþbuK<lÉNa

kñúgxN;

BüayameZVIkmμ manGelaP;ç eTas; nig emah; mankmøaMgxøaMgkøa

nig

GñkEdlmanemahcrit

.

Edl

enaH CaGñkmanesckþIRCHzøa CaRbRktI .

buK<lenaH edayn&ymunn@uHÉg CaGñkmin

mYyeT[t Kb|IRCabza ²bdisnÆiCnkkmμ EdlmanbuBVehtu

elμaP nig mankielstictYc sUm|IeXIjGarmμN¾EdlCaTiBV k*

TaMgLay manelaP;CaedImÉNamYy CaeRK]gecameram dl´Kña

minjab´j&r EtCabuK<leRkveRkaZ nig manbJ¦alág´exøAç buK<l

nwgKña CaedImehtuéncriyaTaMgLay edayn&yy¨agenHza ²buK<l

Na kñúgxN;BüayameZVIkmμ manGelaP;ç GeTas; nig emah;

EdlekItmkehIy eRBaHkmμEdlmanGemah; CaeRK]gbrivar Ca

mankmøaMgxøaMg eRkAGMBIenHTn´exSayç buK<lenaH edayn&ymunn@uH

buK<lEdlmanBuTÆicrit

Ég CaGñkminelaPln´pg mancitþRtCak´pg EtCabuK<llág´exøAç

EdlmansTÆad*xøaMgkøaCaeRK]gbrivar CaGñkmansTÆacrit .

edayn&ydUcKñaenaHEdr buK<lNa kñúgxN;BüayameZVIkmμ man

EdlekItmkehIy

GelaP;ç eTas; nig Gemah; mankmøaMgxøaMgkøa eRkAGMBIenH Tn´

brivar KÅCaGñkmanvitk,crit .

exSayç

EdlmanelaP;CaedIm layLMKña CaeRK]gbrivar KÅCabuK<lEdl

eRkAGMBIenHTn´exSayç

buK<lenaH

manbJ¦apg

edayn&ymunn@uHÉg

EtCabuK<leqvqav

CaGñkminelaPln´pg

manesckþIeRkaZç

ÉbuK<lNa

CaGñkminelμaPpg

mineRkveRkaZpg

manbJ¦apg

dUcCaRBH

buK<lEdlekItmk

eRBaHkmμEdlmankamvitk,;CaedIm

eRBaHkmμ buK<l

CaeRK]g

buK<lEdlekItmkehIy eRBaHkmμ

mancritlayLMKña³ edayRbkardUecñHÉg . ‘lk¡N;éncrit’

kñúgxN;BüayameZVIkmμ manGelaP;CaedIm TaMg 3 y¨ag man kmøaMgxøaMgkøa EpñkGkuslmanelaP;CaedIm Tn´exSayç buK<lenaH

y¨agNaç

‘73’

cMENkBaküNa EdlelakeBalehIyza ²nig Kb|I

RCab:n y¨agdUcemþc za ; buK<lenH CaGñkmanraKcrit³ dUecñHCa


visuTÆimK< ERb

229

edImç Kb|IRCabn&y kñúgBaküenaH dUcteTAenH ;

bNÐit Kb|IsMEdgcriyaTaMgLay eday«riyabz edaykarbriePaK

edayGakar;mankar

emIlCaedIm nig edaykarRbRBwtþieTAénZm(n@uHÉg .

bu K < l EdlCaemahcri t

CadaneCI g Zá n ´ e TAxag

eRkayç EtdaneCIgdUecñHenH CadaneCIgrbs´buK<l EdlmandMbUl eBalKWkielsebIkehIy . sUm|IkarQr

‘lk¡N;eday«riyabz’ kñúgBaküza

kmμdðanK<hNnieTÞs

crit CadaneCIgZán´eRCAeTAxagmuxç daneCIg rbs´

‘matikaénlk¡N;’

edaykic©

230

rbs´buK<lEdlCaraKcrit

manGakarnwmnYn

suPaBer[bryKYrCaTIRCHzøaç karQr rbs´buK<lEdlCaeTascrit

²eday«riyabz³ Kb|IRCabn&y dUcteTAenH ;

manGakarRTg´rwgç

karQr

rbs´buK<lEdlCaemahcrit

man

k*buK<lEdlCaGñkraKcrit kaleZVIdMeNIreTA edaydMeNIrCa

GakarRTg´vwkvrx¢Ix¢a . sUm|IkñúgkiriyaGg<úy k*mann&ydUcenHEdr .

RbRktI rEmgeZVIdMeNIreTA edayGakarEdlKYrCaTIRsLaj´ dak´

ÉbuK<lEdlCaraKcrit minRbjibRbjab´ rNUgrNag er[b

eCIgragzñm> dak´eCIgRTg´esμI> elIkeCIgk*RTg´esμI> .

ÉépÞ:T

eCIg rbs´buK<lenaH ptxUgRtg´kNþal .

tUcZMomUlKñaehIy eTIbRbHxøÜnedk edayGakarEdlKYroRCHzøaç

buK<lEdlCaeTascrit edIreTAdUcCakkaydI edaycugRmam dak´eCIgRTg´rh&s elIkeCIgk*RTg´rh&s .

daneCIg rbs´buK<l

enaH CadaneCIgZán´eRCAeTAxagmux .

elIkeCIg k*RTg´dUcCaP&yEdr .

mYyeT[t kalRtUveKdas´oeRkak k*mineRkaky¨agRbjibRbjab´ o ‘niyay’ BakütbvijRTg´RsTn´ dUcCabuK<lEdlmanesckþI reg,{ssgS&yehIy .

buK<lEdlCaemahcrit edIrdMeNIrRTg´reLmrLam dak´eCIg dUcCaRTg´P&y

cMtak´EtgTIdMeNkRsYlbYlehIysnSwm>edk RbmUlnUvGvyv;

daneCIg rbs´

buK<lenaH CadaneCIgZán´xageRkay . EmnBit kñúger]génmaKNÐiysURt nagRBahμNI k*:neBal BaküCaKazaB&nÆenH za ;

buK<l EdlCaeTascrit

er[bcMTIdMeNktUgtag

RBUsRbH

tamEt:n RbHxøÜnedkxøaMg edkcgcieJ©Im eZVImuxRkjÚvç mYyeT[t kalRtUveKdas´oeRkak

k*eRkaky¨agRbjab´

oBaküeqøIytb

RTg´dUcCaeRkaZxwg . buK<lemahcrit er[bcMdMeNkmansNðanminlÁ RbHxøÜnedk

k*daneCIg rbs´buK<lEdlCaraKcrit CadaneCIg

eRcInRceggRcgag eRcInedkp,ab´muxç mYyeT[t kalRtUveKdas´

ptRtg´kNþalç daneCIg rbs´buK<lEdlCaeTas

oeRkak eRcIneZVIsMeLgzáÚrh)uH> eRkakeLIgyWt .


visuTÆimK< ERb

231

k*eRBaHbuK<l 3 xagcug manbuK<lEdlCasTÆacrit CaedIm CabuK<lEdlmancMENkesμIKñanwgbuK<l EdlCaraKcritCaedIm

3

xagedIm

manbuK<l

eRBaHehtuenaH «riyabz sUm|IénbuK<l 3

232

kmμdðanK<hNnieTÞs

kargareRcInminm¨t´ct´ sμúKsμajminer[bry nig minecHcb´ .

sUm|IkarRKgcIBr rbs´buK<lEdlCaraKcrit k*mintwgeBk minZUr eBk CabrimNÐlKYrCaTIRCHzøa .

karRKgcIvr rbs´buK<lEdlCa

xagcug manbuK<lEdlCasTÆacritCaedImenaH k*mann&ydUcKñaenH

eTascrit ragtwgeBk nig minCabrimNÐl .

Edr .

buK<lEdlCaemahcrit ragZUr ryIkryakx¢Ix¢a .

bNÐit Kb|IsMEdgcriyaTaMgLay eday«riyabz Camun

‘lk¡N;edaykic©’ k*kñúgkic©

TaMgLay mankare:ssMGatCaedIm buK<lEdlCaraKcrit cab´

CaedImenaHÉg

eRBaHCaGñkRbhak´RbEhlKñanwgbuK<lTaMgenaH

‘lk¡N;edaykarbriePaK’ kñúgBaküza

e:s:nsÁatesμIlÁ dUcCaRkalreb[bénp,aeQIePøIg . RTg´RbjibRbjab´

²edaykarbriePaK³

buK<lEdlCaraKcrit

eBjcitþ’ nig bEgÁm .

sÁatlÁ EtminesμI .

brimNÐl cab´GMe:sragZUrxSúy

RKvaseTA

dUcteTAenH

;

‘CaTI

k*kalnwgbriePaK eZVIBMnUt:y oCa

minoZMhYseBk

RbjibRbjab´

mann&y

eRcIneBjcitþbriePaKnUvePaCnsñiTÆ

eZVIdIxSac´oBUneLIgTaMgsgxag mansMeLge:sxøaMg e:s:n

buK<lEdlCaemahcrit

.

bNÐit Kb|IsMEdgcriyaTaMgLay edaykic© y¨agdUecñHÉg .

GMe:sehIy minRbjibRbjab´ minBRgayxSac´ oxÞatx©at´x©ay

cab´GMe:sragmaMTaM

sUm|IbuK<lTaMg

tamTMngénbuK<lTaMgLay 3 xagedIm manbuK<lEdlCaraKcrit

kñúgBaküza ²edaykic©³ dUcteTA ;

buK<leTascrit

karRKgcIBr rbs´

Lay 3 xagcug manbuK<lEdlCasTÆacritCaedIm k*Kb|IRCab

tamn&yEdl:neBalmkenHÉg .

Kb|IRCabn&y

k*

CaGñks<al´rsCat

briePaKmin

:nvtæúGVIbnþicbnþÜcEdllÁ k*qab´eRtkGr .

buK<leTascrit eRcIneBjcitþbriePaKnUvePaCnEdlesAhμg

RKvasmk e:smin:nsÁat min:nrabesμI . k*kñúgkare:ssMGat man«riyabz y¨agNamijç kñúgkic©

nig m¢Úr .

k*kalnwgbriePaK eZVIBMnUt:yoTUjz¬al´ CaGñkmin

TaMgBYgTaMgLay sUm|Imankare:k nig karRClk´cIBrCaedIm k*

s<al´nUvrsCat briePaKRbjibRbjab´ :nvtæúGVIbnþicbnþÜc Edl

man«riyabz dUecñaHEdr .

minlÁ k*qab´tUccitþ .

buK<lEdlCaraKcrit nig eZVIedayeKarB .

eRcIneZVIkic©karlÁitm¨t´ct´

buK<lEdlCaeTascrit

TaM rwgbwug Etminer[brylÁ .

lÁRtwmRtUv

eZVIkargarragmaM

buK<lEdlCaemahcrit CaGñkeZVI

buK<lEdlCaemahcrit CaGñkbriePaKePaCn mineT[gTat´ k* kalnwgbriePaK

eZVInUvBMnUt:yotUc

minCabrimNÐl

ecal

RKab´:y erayraykñúgPaCn; eZVIoRbLak´mat´ mancitþraymay


visuTÆimK< ERb

233

briePaK KitBIenHBIenaHbeNþIr . sUm|IbuK<lTaMgLay 3 xagcug manbuK<lEdlCasTÆacritCaedIm TaMgLay

3

xagedIm

k*Kb|IRCab

tamTMngénbuK<l

manbuK<lEdlCaraKcritCaedImenaHÉg

eRBaHCaGñkRbhak´RbEhlKñanwgbuK<lTaMgenaH .

bNÐit Kb|I

sMEdgcriya edaykarbriePaK y¨agdUecñH .

234

kmμdðanK<hNnieTÞs cMENkbuK<lTaMgLaybI xagcug manbuK<lEdlCasTÆacrit

CaedIm k*Kb|IRCab tamTMngénbuK<lTaMgLay 3 xagedIm man buK<lEdlCaraKcritCaedImenaHÉg KñanwgbuK<lTaMgenaH .

bNÐit Kb|IsMEdgcriya edaykareXIj

rUbCaedIm y¨agdUecñHÉg .

‘lk¡N;edaykareXIjCaedIm’ kñúgBaküza ²edayGakarmankareXIjCaedIm³ mann&y dUc teTAenH ;

eRBaHCaGñkRbhak´RbEhl

buK<lEdlCaraKcrit eXIjrUbEdlCaTIrIkraycitþ

‘lk¡N;edayZmμb|vtþi’

²nigedaykarRbRBwtþieTAénZm(n@uHÉg³

kñúgBaküza dUcteTAenH;

mann&y

k*Zm(TaMgLay KÅ; mayaç PaBCaGñkGYtGagç kar

sUm|IEtbnþicbnþÜc k*xMsMLwgemIl Gs´kaly¨agyUr dUcCaekIt

Rbkan´xøÜnç PaBCaGñkR:zñalamkç PaBCaGñkR:zñaZMç PaBCaGñk

esckþIRBÅRBYc

minsenþasç

qab´Cab´citþ

kñúgKuNEtbnþicbnþÜc

minsUvRbkan´

eTaseK eTaHbIBitk*eday kalnwgecjedIreTA k*CaGñkminR:zña nwgecjeTAeLIy

ecjeTATaMgesckþIGaeLaHGal&y .

buK<lEdlCaeTascrit

eXIjrUbEdlminCaTIrIkraycitþ

sUm|IbnþicbnþÜc k*sMLwgemIlmin:nyUr dUcCalM:kNas´ qab´ Gak´Gn´citþ

kñúgeTassUm|IEtbnþicbnþÜc

sUm|IBitk*eday

kalnwgecjedIreTA

minsUvCaTTYlykKuN k*CaGñkR:zñanwgecjeTA

Pøam> ecjeTATaMgminmanesckþIGaeLaHGal&y . buK<lEdlCaemahcrit

eXIjrUbÉNamYyehIy

eRcInEt

beNþayeTAtameK »eKninÞa k*ninÞatam »eKsresIr k*sresIr tam EtebIxøÜnmñak´Ég eRcInCaGñkRBegIy> eRBaHóebk¡aEdllág´ exøA .

sUm|IkñúgGakarTaMgLay mankarsþab´sMeLgCaedIm k*man

n&ydUcenHEdr .

karRkGÅtRkTmç

PaBCaGñkeqμIgéqμ

y¨agenHCaedIm

rEmgRbRBwtþeTAy¨ageRcIn dl´buK<lEdlCaraKcrit . Zm(TaMgLay KÅ; esckþIeRkaZç karcgeRkaZTukç lubKuN eKç elIkkMBs´esμInwgeKç RcENnç kMNaj´y¨agenHCaedIm

rEmg

RbRBwtþeTACaeRcIn dl´buK<lEdlCaeTascrit . Zm(TaMgLay GENþtGNþÚgç Rtg´Na

KÅ; esckþIrYjraç

esckþIekþARkhayç

esckþIraymayç esckþIsgS&yç

maMRtg´eNaHç karlHbg´:nedayRk

esckIþ

karRbkan´

y¨agenHCaedIm

rEmgRbRBwtþeTAy¨ageRcIn dl´buK<lEdlCaemahcrit . Zm(TaMgLay KÅ PaBCaGñkmancaK;lHrYcehIyç cg´eXIjnUvRBHGriyç edayesckþIrIkrayç mayaç

PaBCaGñkcg´sþab´Zm(ç PaBCaGñkminGYtGagç

PaBCaGñk

PaBCaGñkeRcIn PaBCaGñkminman

RCHzøa kñúgehtuEdlKYrRCHzøa y¨agenHCaedIm rEmgRbRBwtþ


visuTÆimK< ERb

235

kmμdðanK<hNnieTÞs

ÉviZIsMEdgcritenHNa EdleBalmkehIy kñúgGdðkzaTaMgLayç

eTAy¨ageRcIn dl´buK<lEdlCasTÆacrit . Zm(TaMgLay

236

KÅ; CaGñkEdleKRbedAgayç

PaBCaGñkman

viZIsMEdgcriyaenaHÉg bNÐit Kb|IeC] edayykCasar;:n .

klüaNmiRtç PaBCaGñks<al´RbmaN kñúgkarbriePaKç mansti

smdUcCaelak eBalTukehIyza ²Gacarü GñkEdl:nnUv

nig sm|CJ¦;ç CaGñkP\ak´rB\ker]y>ç segVKkñúgehtu EdlKYr

ecetabriyJ¦aN s<al´nUvcriyaehIy eTIbR:b´kmμdðanç Gacarü

segVKç

Edlmin:nnUvecetabriyJ¦aNeRkAenH

kalekItesckþIsegVKeRcIn

taMgTuknUvesckþIBüayam

edayó:yénR:C\a y¨agenHCaedIm rEmgRbRBwtþeTA y¨ageRcIn

dUecñH .

dl´buK<lEdlCaBuTiÆcrit .

raKcrit

Zm(TaMgLay KÅ; PaBCaGñkniyayeRcInCageZVIç PaBCaGñk eRtkGrkñúgBYkç PaBCaGñkmineRtkGr kñúgkarsagkuslç PaBCa Gñkkan´karmincMeBaHç cat´karekþAdUcePøIgeqHç

eBlyb´EbkKMnithuydUcEpSgç KMniterIrUseqøqøa

y¨agenHCaedIm

eBlézá rEmg

RbRBwtþeTA y¨ageRcIn dl´buK<lEdlCavitk,crit . bNÐitKb|IsMEdgcriya

edayZmμb|vtþi y¨agenHÉg .

Kb|IsaksYrGenþvasik³

ehtuenaH nwgsMKal´dwg:nza; buK<lenaH

CaGñkmancritNamYy

buK<lenH CaGñkman bNþacritTaMgLay

maneTascritCaedIm k*eRBaHecetabriyJ¦aN ßk* eRBaHsaksYr nUvbuK<lenaHehIy eTIbnwgdwg:n dUecñHÉg . ‘74’

ÉesckþIvinicä&y

kñúgbJØakmμenHza

²nigGVIeTACaTI

sb|aydl´buK<lEdlmancritEbbNa/³ dUecñH bNÐitKb|IRCab dUcteTAenH ; ‘sb|ay; énbuK<lmanraKcrit’

Et

eRBaHza viZIsMEdgnUvcriyaenH min:nmkkñúg:lI min:nmkkñúg

cMeBaHbuK<lraKcrit

CadMbUg

esnasn;

KÅCaTIesnasn;

Gdðkza edayGakarTaMgBYgç x\MúeBalehIy tamlMGanénmtirbs´

EdlelIkCaTItaMg EdlminTan´CRmHlagehIy esnasn; Edl

GacarüEtmüa¨g ehtuenaH bNÐit minKYreC]tam edayykCasar;

enACab´nwgEpndI

eLIy .

esnasn;TaMgLay mankudieZVIBIesμA nig salaeZVIBIsøwkCaedIm

critCaedIm

eRBaHza sUm|IbuK<lTaMgLay manbuK<lEdlCaeTas CaGñkenAedayesckþIminRbmaT

k*minGacedIm|InwgeZVI

jkPñM

esnasn;NanImYy

EdlminTan´:ntak´EtgehIy

esnasn;

bNþaTI