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Stability Chair

complete

A FULLY ILLUSTRATED MANUAL


Original copyright © 2004 by Merrithew Corp., Toronto, Canada. Reprinted 2013, 2010, 2008, 2005. All rights reserved. No part of this book, including photography, may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher. STOTT PILATES; Intelligent Exercise. Profound Results.; Flex-Band; Fitness Circle; Merrithew Health & Fitness; Stability Chair; STOTT PILATES Network; The Professional’s Choice; CORE Athletic Conditioning & Performance Training; Total Barre and ZEN•GA are trademarks or registered trademarks of Merrithew Corporation.

INTELLIGENT EXERCISE. PROFOUND RESULTS.®

merrithew.com


basic principles PELVIC PLACEMENT PELVIC PLACEMENT PRINCIPLE EXPLAINED

STOTT PILATES emphasizes stabilization of the pelvis and

lumbar spine in a variety of positions. Two positions most often used to achieve stability are neutral and imprint. In neutral placement the normal curve, slightly convex anteriorly, of the lumbar spine is present. In most cases when supine, the triangle formed by the ASIS and the symphysis pubis should lie parallel to the mat. This is the most stable and optimal shockabsorbing position and a good place from which to promote efficient movement patterns. If the pubic bone is lower than the ASIS, an anterior pelvic tilt results; if the pubic bone is higher, a posterior pelvic tilt results. Neutral alignment should not be achieved by forcibly arching the back, but rather by allowing the weight of the sacrum to rest on the mat resulting in a natural lordosis of the lumbar spine. While breathing and engaging abdominals in this position no strain should be felt through the spinal extensors in the lumbar area. If muscular tension occurs, shift the pelvis slightly toward an imprinted position. It is more important for the abdominal wall to be engaged and the lumbar area to be stable and unstrained than for the ASIS and pubis symphysis to lie in the same horizontal plane. For example, someone with large gluteal muscles might actually create an exaggerated lordosis in the lumbar spine by trying to have the ASIS and pubic bone lie in the same plane. Imprinted placement refers to a slight posterior pelvic tilt with slight lumbar flexion. The normal curve of the lumbar spine lengthens toward flexion by engaging the oblique abdominals to approximate the pelvis toward the rib cage anteriorly.

When supine, the pubic bone will be slightly higher than the ASIS. The pelvis is not so tilted that the sacrum curls off or loses contact with the mat. It is not necessary to press the lower back all the way into the mat or to tuck under by overusing the rectus abdominis or gluteal muscles as this may decrease stability. The degree of contact between the lumbar spine and the mat will differ from person to person. An imprinted position should be used to ensure stability of the pelvis and lumbar spine if neutral alignment cannot be stabilized. When the load is greater than the strength of the abdominals, placing them in a shortened position will provide the mechanical advantage to maintain engagement and stabilize the lumbo-pelvic region. This will often be useful when certain postural tendencies are present (for example, lordosis). When the lower limbs are secure on the mat or other apparatus in a closed kinetic chain, the pelvis and spine are ideally neutral. Performing an open kinetic chain exercise with the pelvis and lumbar spine in an imprinted position will increase stabilization. Once enough strength has been developed through the abdominals to stabilize, a neutral placement can be maintained in an open kinetic chain. When describing the position and movement of the pelvis, we use neutral to refer to the spine or pelvis being neutral in the sagittal plane, i.e. no flexion or extension through the lumbar spine. Sometimes we may be laterally tilting the pelvis or laterally flexing or rotating the spine, but we still refer to the spine and pelvis as neutral as long as they are neutral in the sagittal plane. When looking at pelvic placement, we need to consider the relationship of the pelvis to the lumbar spine and hip joints, as different starting positions and movements will affect its alignment.

Pelvic Placement

neutral

8

B A S I C P R I N C I P L E S • C O M P L E T E S TA B I L I T Y C H A I R M A N U A L

imprint Š 2013 MERRITHEW CORPORATION. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. MAY NOT BE REPRODUCED IN WHOLE OR IN PART.


basic principles SCAPULAR MOVEMENT & STABILIZATION SCAPULAR MOVEMENT & STABILIZATION PRINCIPLE EXPLAINED

Stabilizing the scapulae (shoulder blades) on the rib cage is extremely important as they serve as an anchor for the arms as well as support the cervical spine. When this is not done, there is a tendency to overwork the muscles around the neck and shoulders. Be aware of scapular stabilization at all times: a) when the spine is neutral and the arms are resting; b) when the spine is flexing or extending; c) when the arms are moving in any direction. Due to the lack of direct bony attachment to the rib cage and spine, the scapulae have a great deal of mobility. In making a greater range of motion available to the arms, the scapulae can glide upward (elevation), downward (depression), inward (retraction) and outward (protraction), can rotate upward or downward, or perform any combination of the above. Through the whole shoulder girdle, a sense of stability, not rigidity, should always be maintained. A sense of width should be maintained across the front and back of the shoulder girdle.

The shoulders should not be allowed to give in to excessive movements. The scapulae should lie flat on the rib cage and glide across it without winging markedly (this refers to the medial border of the scapulae coming away from the rib cage). Keep in mind that the scapulae will react to movements of the arms and thoracic spine. For example, the scapulae will naturally elevate and upwardly rotate during overhead movements and protract during thoracic flexion. Be aware that a neutral placement of the scapulae may be slightly different from a particular individual’s natural resting position. An ideal working alignment must be established for each individual. Scapular stabilization should be part of the initiation of all exercises, and established before the movement of exercise begins. When flexing the torso off the mat from a supine position, scapular stabilization will discourage neck tension and excessive protraction of the scapulae and medial rotation of the humeri. Spinal extension should be initiated with stabilization of the scapulae while reaching the top of the head away from the tailbone. This limits the tendency to over-exaggerate movements and decrease dynamic stability through the whole upper kinetic chain. Throughout this manual, when describing the exercises, we will refer to the scapular stabilizers collectively rather than naming individual muscles. The focus is on serratus anterior, trapezius, rhomboids, levator scapulae and pectoralis minor.

Scapular Elevation & Depression

elevation

depression

Protraction & Retraction Position 1

neutral

12

protraction

B A S I C P R I N C I P L E S • C O M P L E T E S TA B I L I T Y C H A I R M A N U A L

retraction © 2013 MERRITHEW CORPORATION. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. MAY NOT BE REPRODUCED IN WHOLE OR IN PART.


leg work FOOTWORK CONSISTENT POSITIONING

ESSENTIAL

springs: 2 heavy low 2 light top

The following remain constant in Footwork and Single Leg. STARTING POSITION

Seated, close to front of Chair. Pelvis and spine neutral. Elbows flexed with forearms linked around handles, scapulae stabilized. Knees flexed and pedal as high as pelvis and spine can remain in neutral.

1. TOES APART HEELS TOGETHER STARTING POSITION

Balls of feet on pedal, toes apart, heels together. Legs laterally rotated, knees just wider than shoulder-distance apart. EXERCISE

To prepare, inhale...

FOCUS ■

use deep support muscles to stabilize torso; do not rely on arms

EXHALE

squeeze heels together and extend knees to press pedal down as far as torso stability can be maintained.

maintain pelvis neutral; avoid anterior or posterior tilt

INHALE

flex knees and hips, controlling return of pedal.

sit as close as possible to front of Chair in order to encourage engagement of hip extensors as pedal is pressed

Complete 10 repetitions.

avoid tension in neck and shoulders

FOCUS

maintain neutral alignment through torso with shoulders directly over hips

maintain leg alignment (i.e. knees pointing over center of feet)

keep heels together and avoid movement at ankle joints

work both legs equally

maintain same amount of lateral rotation throughout

Toes Apart Heels Together

1. starting position

22

2. press pedal down

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3. return © 2013 MERRITHEW CORPORATION. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. MAY NOT BE REPRODUCED IN WHOLE OR IN PART.


2. WRAP TOES

3. HEELS ON PEDAL

STARTING POSITION

STARTING POSITION

Distal ends of metatarsals on pedal, toes gently flexed around pedal without clenching, ankles dorsiflexed. Legs parallel and adducted.

Heels on pedal, ankles dorsiflexed. Legs parallel and adducted.

EXERCISE

EXERCISE

To prepare, inhale... EXHALE

keep dorsiflexion at ankle and extend knees to press pedal down as far as torso stability can be maintained.

INHALE

flex knees and hips, controlling return of pedal.

To prepare, inhale... EXHALE

keep ankles dorsiflexed and extend knees to press pedal down as far as torso stability can be maintained.

INHALE

flex knees and hips, controlling return of pedal.

Complete 10 repetitions. FOCUS ■

maintain position of feet; do not allow toes to unwrap

keep ankles in dorsiflexion

maintain inner thigh connection with legs parallel

work both legs equally

Complete 10 repetitions. FOCUS ■

keep soles of feet as though on an imaginary floor

keep ankles in dorsiflexion

maintain inner thigh connection with legs parallel

work both legs equally

Wrap Toes

Heels on Pedal

starting position

starting position

© 2013 MERRITHEW CORPORATION. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. MAY NOT BE REPRODUCED IN WHOLE OR IN PART.

C O M P L E T E S TA B I L I T Y C H A I R M A N U A L • E X E R C I S E S

23


leg work supported by arms KNEE RAISES

INTERMEDIATE

ESSENCE

no springs STARTING POSITION

Hands holding top of handles, supporting body weight, facing away from Chair. Torso vertical, imprinted position. Legs straight, parallel and adducted, hips flexed slightly to reach legs forward of Chair. Scapulae stabilized. EXERCISE

To prepare, inhale... EXHALE

stabilize torso and scapulae and flex knees and hips, pulling knees as high up as possible toward torso.

INHALE

extend knees and reach feet down in front of Chair, returning to starting position.

TARGET MUSCLES: transversus abdominis to compress abdomen and stabilize lumbo-pelvic region; deep pelvic floor to aid in firing transversus; obliques to increase flexion as legs raise and maintain imprint as legs lower; hip flexors concentrically to pull knees up, eccentrically as legs lower; latissimus dorsi, pectoralis major, anterior and posterior deltoids, biceps and triceps isometrically to stabilize shoulders and arms; scapular stabilizers, especially lower trapezius STABILITY:

torso; scapulae and arms

MOBILITY:

hip and knee flexion and extension

stabilizers of scapulae and arms to support weight of torso

ENDURANCE:

FOCUS

Complete 5 – 10 repetitions.

maintain scapular stabilization throughout exercise

do not allow pelvis to tilt anteriorly as legs lower; maintain an imprinted position

Knee Raises

1. starting position

2. lift knees

© 2013 MERRITHEW CORPORATION. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. MAY NOT BE REPRODUCED IN WHOLE OR IN PART.

3. return C O M P L E T E S TA B I L I T Y C H A I R M A N U A L • E X E R C I S E S

61


arm work SCAPULA ISOLATION STANDING

ESSENTIAL

FOCUS

springs: 2 heavy low 1 light top STARTING POSITION

Hands holding top of handles, supporting body weight. Facing away from Chair. Torso vertical, pelvis and spine neutral. Balls of feet on pedal, ankles plantar flexed. Legs straight, parallel and adducted. Scapulae stabilized. EXERCISE

maintain connection of lower trapezius and latissimus dorsi as shoulders elevate; do not allow shoulders to round forward

maintain pelvis and spine in neutral throughout exercise

keep arms straight throughout exercise, but avoid locking or hyperextending elbows

MODIFICATION

INHALE

with control, allow scapulae to elevate as body lowers, lowering pedal.

EXHALE

slide scapulae down back to bring body up and allow pedal to lift.

1. FACING CHAIR. Repeat exercise with torso facing Chair. Torso and hips as neutral as possible with feet on pedal.

Modification 1, Facing Chair

Complete 5 – 10 repetitions. ESSENCE TARGET MUSCLES: transversus abdominis to compress abdomen and stabilize lumbo-pelvic region; deep pelvic floor to aid in firing transversus; gluteus maximus, hamstrings and adductors isometrically to stabilize pelvis on femurs; obliques and erector spinae isometrically to stabilize torso in neutral; latissimus dorsi eccentrically as shoulder girdle elevates, concentrically to depress shoulder girdle; scapular stabilizers, especially lower trapezius STABILITY:

torso; pelvis on femurs; arms

MOBILITY:

scapular elevation and depression

starting position

Scapula Isolation Standing

1. starting position

84

2. control elevation of shoulders

E X E R C I S E S • C O M P L E T E S TA B I L I T Y C H A I R M A N U A L

3. slide scapulae down © 2013 MERRITHEW CORPORATION. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. MAY NOT BE REPRODUCED IN WHOLE OR IN PART.


torso flexion TORSO PRESS SITTING

ADVANCED

EXERCISE

springs: 1 heavy low 1 light top

Trained professional must spot throughout exercise, ensuring exerciser’s control of pedal at all times so it does not release suddenly, and ensuring that exerciser does not lose balance. Spotter must not lean over pedal. NOTE:

To prepare, inhale... EXHALE

STARTING POSITION

Seated in center of Chair, facing back, weight back of sit-bones. Lumbar spine slightly flexed, thoracic spine lengthened. Legs straight, parallel and adducted, reaching on a diagonal (Teaser position). Heels of hands on pedal. Arms straight and medially rotated, fingers toward Chair. Scapulae stabilized. NOTE: Be careful not to sit too far back; allow enough room for sacrum area to roll onto Chair and not off it.

keep legs stable on diagonal and roll ASIS away from front of femurs, trying to increase spinal flexion. Simultaneously, keep arms straight and press pedal down. Roll back far enough that sacrum area contacts Chair, keeping abdominals flat.

Then... INHALE

roll rib cage toward pelvis and roll forward just enough to allow pedal to lift.

EXHALE

keep legs stable, try to increase spinal flexion and roll back to press pedal down.

Complete 5 – 10 repetitions. To finish… INHALE

roll forward, returning to starting position and bringing pedal all the way up.

Torso Press Sitting

1. starting position

130

2. press pedal down

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3. return © 2013 MERRITHEW CORPORATION. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. MAY NOT BE REPRODUCED IN WHOLE OR IN PART.


torso flexion ELEPHANT

ADVANCED

ESSENCE

springs: 2 heavy middle

Trained professional must spot throughout exercise, ensuring exerciser’s control of pedal at all times so it does not release suddenly, and ensuring that exerciser does not lose balance. Spotter must not lean over pedal. NOTE:

STARTING POSITION

TARGET MUSCLES: transversus abdominis to compress abdomen and stabilize lumbo-pelvic region; deep pelvic floor to aid in firing transversus; rectus abdominis and obliques isometrically to maintain spinal flexion; hip flexors concentrically as pedal lifts; deltoids concentrically as pedal lifts; hip extensors to keep back of pelvis drawn toward back of femurs; scapular stabilizers

Stand, facing Chair. Legs straight and adducted with balls of feet on pedal, ankles plantar flexed. Spine flexed. Back of pelvis drawn toward back of femurs. Arms long with hands holding back or sides of Chair, scapulae stabilized.

STABILITY:

spine in flexion; scapulae and arms

MOBILITY:

pelvis on femurs; shoulder extension and flexion

EXERCISE

BALANCE:

To begin...

FOCUS

INHALE

dorsiflex ankles and lower heels.

Then... EXHALE

INHALE

plantar flex ankles, maintain spinal flexion and lift lumbar and pelvis up toward ceiling to lift pedal, allowing weight to shift more onto hands. Exhale for 3 counts, lifting pedal higher in time with breath, increasing flexion with each pulse.

abdominals to maintain flexion; scapular and arm stabilizers

ENDURANCE:

on hands and balls of feet

maintain scapular stabilization to avoid sinking through shoulders

keep head and cervical spine in line with thoracic spine; think of dropping top of head toward floor

think of increasing flexion of lumbar spine to lift up

stabilize around shoulders and through arms to avoid losing control and feeling of being thrown too far by pedal

lower down with control to bring pedal just above metal base.

Complete 3 repetitions; on last repetition, lower pedal all the way down. Complete 3 repetitions of entire sequence.

Elephant

1. starting position

138

2. lower heels

E X E R C I S E S • C O M P L E T E S TA B I L I T Y C H A I R M A N U A L

3. lift heels and press up © 2013 MERRITHEW CORPORATION. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. MAY NOT BE REPRODUCED IN WHOLE OR IN PART.


MODIFICATIONS 1. OMIT PULSES.

Just exhale to lift up and inhale to lower.

Complete exercise, maintaining torso in as close to neutral position as possible. Imprint spine slightly if unable to stabilize.

2. STRAIGHT BACK.

MODIFICATIONS USING SPLIT PEDALS

Split pedal and complete exercise, keeping both sides of pedals even.

1. BILATERAL.

2. RECIPROCAL. Exhale to flex spine and lift pedal, then stay at top of movement and flex knees alternately, passing pedals by each other as if running. Maintain torso flexion and height of pelvis without allowing torso rotation. 3. RECIPROCAL WITH LIFT & LOWER. EXHALE

for 4 counts with reciprocal movement of legs, gradually lifting pedal.

INHALE

for 4 counts with reciprocal movement of legs, gradually lowering pedal.

Maintain torso flexion without allowing rotation.

Modification 2 using Split Pedals, Reciprocal

4. return

1. flex one leg

© 2013 MERRITHEW CORPORATION. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. MAY NOT BE REPRODUCED IN WHOLE OR IN PART.

2. switch legs C O M P L E T E S TA B I L I T Y C H A I R M A N U A L • E X E R C I S E S

139


torso lateral flexion MERMAID KNEELING springs: 1 heavy low 1 light top

Place floor mat or rubber pad in front of Chair to make starting position more comfortable. NOTE:

ESSENTIAL

EXERCISE

To prepare... INHALE

stabilize scapula and reach outside arm overhead.

STARTING POSITION

Then...

Kneel on floor in front of Chair, facing side. Pelvis and spine neutral, pelvis neutral on femurs. Knees hip-distance apart. Hand closest to Chair on pedal, other arm out to side. Scapulae stabilized.

EXHALE

keeping scapulae stabilized, initiate from top of head and laterally flex spine toward pedal. Press pedal down and keep free arm overhead.

INHALE

initiate from the lower spine and return torso to neutral, controlling return of pedal. Free arm stays overhead.

Complete 5 repetitions. To finish... EXHALE

return free arm to side.

Complete 1 sequence on each side.

Mermaid Kneeling

156

1. starting position

2. reach arm up

3. laterally flex

4. return vertical

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© 2013 MERRITHEW CORPORATION. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. MAY NOT BE REPRODUCED IN WHOLE OR IN PART.


complete STABILITY CHAIR LEGEND:

= essential level

▲ = intermediate level

= advanced level

SPRINGS

REPS

LEG WORK

● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ■

FOOTWORK

12345

10 REPS 5 TO 10 REPS

HAMSTRING PRESS HIPS DOWN

2 LIGHT-TOP

5 TO 10 REPS

ADDUCTOR PRESS

2 LIGHT-TOP

10 REPS

ANKLE EXERCISE

2 HEAVY-LOW 1 LIGHT-TOP

LOWER & LIFT STANDING

2 HEAVY-LOW 2 LIGHT-TOP

10 REPS

1 HEAVY-LOW 1 LIGHT-TOP

10 REPS

CROSSOVER PRESS

1 HEAVY-LOW 1 LIGHT-TOP

5 TO 10 REPS

STANDING LEG PRESS

2 LIGHT-MIDDLE

12

FOOT PRESS ON LONG BOX

12

12

10 REPS

5 REPS

FROG LYING FLAT

1 HEAVY-LOW 1 LIGHT-TOP

6 REPS

HAMSTRING PRESS HIPS UP

1 HEAVY-LOW 1 LIGHT-TOP

3 REPS

FORWARD STEP UP

2 HEAVY-LOW 1 LIGHT-TOP

FORWARD STEP DOWN

1 HEAVY-LOW 1 HEAVY-TOP

SIDE STEP DOWN

1 HEAVY-LOW 1 HEAVY-TOP

5 TO 10 REPS

BACKWARD STEP DOWN

1 HEAVY-LOW 1 HEAVY-TOP

5 TO 10 REPS

SIDE STEP UP

2 HEAVY-LOW 1 LIGHT-TOP

5 REPS

5 REPS 5 TO 10 REPS

▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ■

KNEE RAISES

5 TO 10 REPS

KNEE RAISES WITH OBLIQUES

5 TO 10 REPS

LEG CIRCLES

5 TO 10 REPS

■ ■

AB PRESS SITTING

2 LIGHT-TOP

● ●

5 TO 8 REPS

CAT STANDING FRONT

2 HEAVY-TOP

▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■

123

TORSO PRESS SITTING PREP

1 HEAVY-LOW 1 LIGHT-TOP

PIKE ON FLOOR

2 LIGHT-MIDDLE

12

CAT KNEELING

1 HEAVY-TOP 1 HEAVY-LOW

123

CAT STANDING SIDE CAT STANDING BACK

6 REPS

2 HEAVY-TOP

6 REPS

ROLL OVER

1 HEAVY-TOP 1 HEAVY-LOW

6 TO 8 REPS

JACK KNIFE

1 HEAVY-TOP 1 HEAVY-LOW

4 TO 6 REPS

TORSO PRESS SITTING

1 HEAVY-LOW 1 LIGHT-TOP

5 TO 10 REPS

HORSEBACK

1 HEAVY-LOW 1 LIGHT-TOP

5 REPS

PREP

TENDON STRETCH

2 HEAVY-MIDDLE

8 TO 10 REPS

ELEPHANT

2 HEAVY-MIDDLE

3 REPS

HANDSTAND

2 HEAVY-LOW

3 TO 5 REPS

SWAN DIVE FROM FLOOR

2 HEAVY-LOW

5 REPS

SWAN DIVE PREP

1 HEAVY-LOW 1 LIGHT-TOP

5 REPS

SWAN DIVE

1 HEAVY-LOW 1 LIGHT-TOP

5 REPS

GRASSHOPPER

1 HEAVY-LOW 1 LIGHT-TOP

5 REPS

2 HEAVY-LOW 1 LIGHT-TOP

3 TO 5 REPS

MERMAID

1 HEAVY-LOW 1 LIGHT-TOP

3 TO 5 REPS

MERMAID KNEELING

1 HEAVY-LOW 1 LIGHT-TOP

5 REPS

SIDE BEND

1 HEAVY-LOW 1 LIGHT-TOP

5 REPS

ROTATION PRONE

1 HEAVY-LOW 1 LIGHT-TOP

5 REPS

LEAN

1 HEAVY-LOW 1 LIGHT-TOP

3 REPS

SIDE BODY TWIST

1 HEAVY-LOW 1 LIGHT-TOP

3 TO 5 REPS

TWIST

2 HEAVY-TOP

3 TO 5 REPS

12

TORSO EXTENSION

▲ ▲

4 SETS

TORSO FLEXION & EXTENSION

FROG BACK

2 HEAVY-MIDDLE

4 REPS

FROG BACK HIPS UP

2 HEAVY-LOW 1 LIGHT-TOP

SIDE LEG EXTENSION

2 HEAVY-TOP

8 TO 10 REPS

SCAPULA ISOLATION PRONE

5 TO 10 REPS

ONE ARM PUSH PRONE

1 HEAVY-LOW 1 LIGHT-TOP

5 TO 10 REPS

TRICEPS PRESS SITTING

1 HEAVY-LOW 2 LIGHT-TOP

5 TO 10 REPS

SCAPULA ISOLATION STANDING

2 HEAVY-LOW 1 LIGHT-TOP

TRICEPS PRESS STANDING

2 HEAVY-LOW 1 LIGHT-TOP

ONE ARM PREP HAND ON FLOOR

1 HEAVY-LOW 1 LIGHT-TOP

5 TO 10 REPS

ONE ARM PUSH HAND ON FLOOR

1 HEAVY-LOW 1 LIGHT-TOP

5 TO 10 REPS

ONE ARM PUSH HAND ON CHAIR 1 2

1 HEAVY-LOW 2 LIGHT-TOP

5 TO 10 REPS

5 TO 10 REPS 5 TO 10 REPS

SPREAD EAGLE

12

TORSO LATERAL FLEXION

● ● ▲

1 HEAVY-LOW 1 LIGHT-TOP

6 REPS

12

4 REPS

12

3 TO 5 REPS

123

2 HEAVY-MIDDLE

10 REPS

6 REPS 5 TO 10 REPS

2 HEAVY-LOW

FROG FRONT

BEATS

ARM WORK

● ● ● ● ● ●

● ●

LEG WORK SUPPORTED BY ARMS

▲ ▲ ▲

REPS

TORSO FLEXION 2 HEAVY-LOW 2 LIGHT-TOP 2 HEAVY-LOW 1 LIGHT-TOP

SINGLE LEG

SPRINGS

TORSO ROTATION

▲ ▲ ■ ■

m e r r i t h e w. c o m 2 2 0 0 Y O N G E S T R E E T, S U I T E 5 0 0 , T O R O N T O , O N , C A N A D A M 4 S 2 C 6 . 4 1 6 - 4 8 2 - 4 0 5 0

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C O M P L E T E S TA B I L I T Y C H A I R M A N U A L • W O R K O U T C H A R T

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Complete Stability Chair Sample