B E AT
Friday 25 january 2013
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Peter Dennis Blandford “Pete” Townshend (born 19 May 1945) is an English rock guitarist, vocalist, songwriter and author, known principally as the guitarist and songwriter for the rock group The Who, as well as for his own solo career. His career with The Who spans more than 40 years, during which time the band grew to be considered one of the most influential bands of the 1960s and 1970s, and, according to Eddie Vedder, “possibly the greatest live band ever. W
Keith John Moon (23 August 1946 – 7 September 1978) was an English musician, best known for being the drummer of the English rock group The Who. He gained acclaim for his exuberant and innovative drumming style, and notoriety for his eccentric and often self-destructive behaviour, earning him the nickname “Moon the Loon”. Moon joined The Who in 1964. He played on all albums and singles from their debut, 1964’s “Zoot Suit”, to 1978’s Who Are You, which was released three weeks before his death.
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Roger Harry Daltrey, CBE (born 1 March 1944), is an English singer, musician, songwriter and actor, best known as the founder and lead singer of English rock band The Who. He has maintained a musical career as a solo artist and has also worked in the film industry, acting in films, theatre and television roles and also producing films. In 2008 he was ranked number 61 on Rolling Stone magazine’s list of the 100 greatest singers of all time.
John Alec Entwistle (9 October 1944 – 27 June 2002) was an English bass guitarist, songwriter, singer, horn player, and film and record producer who was best known as the bass player for the rock band The Who. His aggressive lead sound influenced many rock bass players.  He was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame as a member of the Who in 1990.
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OD M A
he Who are an English rock band formed in 1964 by Roger Daltrey (lead vocals, guitar, harmonica), Pete Townshend (guitar, vocals, keyboards), John Entwistle (bass, brass, vocals) and Keith Moon (drums, vocals). They became known for energetic live performances which often included instrument destruction.  The Who have sold about 100 million records, and have charted 27 top forty singles in the United Kingdom and United States, as well as 17 top ten albums, with 18 Gold, 12 Platinum and 5 Multi-Platinum album awards in the United States alone. The Who rose to fame in the UK with a series of top ten hit singles, boosted in part by pirate radio stations such as Radio Caroline, beginning in January 1965 with “I Can’t Explain”. The albums My Generation (1965), A Quick One (1966) and The Who Sell Out (1967) followed, with the first two reaching the UK top five. They first hit the US Top 40 in 1967 with “Happy Jack” and hit the top ten later that year with “I Can See for Miles”. Their fame grew with memorable performances at the Monterey Pop, Woodstock and Isle
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of Wight music festivals. The 1969 release of Tommy was the first in a series of top ten albums in the US, followed by Live at Leeds (1970), Who’s Next (1971), Quadrophenia (1973), The Who by Numbers (1975), Who Are You (1978) and The Kids Are Al-
(1979). Moon died at the age of 32 in 1978, after which the band released two studio albums, the UK and US top five Face Dances (1981) and the US top ten It’s Hard (1982), with
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biogra ph y drummer Kenney Jones, before disbanding in 1983. They re-formed at events such as Live Aid and for reunion tours such as their 25th anniversary tour (1989) and the Quadrophenia tours of 1996, 1997, and 2012. In 2000, the three surviving original members discussed recording an album of new material, but their plans were temporarily stalled by Entwistle’s death at the age of 57 in 2002. Townshend and Daltrey continue to perform as The Who and in 2006 they released the studio album Endless Wire, which reached the top ten in the UK and US. The Who were induc-
ted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1990, their first year of eligibility; the display describes them as “Prime contenders, in the minds of many, for the title of World’s Greatest Rock Band.”
TIME magazine wrote in 1979 that “No other group has ever pushed rock so far, or asked so much from it.” Rolling Stone magazine wrote: “Along with The Beatles and The Rolling Stones, The Who complete the holy trinity of British rock.” They received a Lifetime Achievement Award from the British Phonographic Industry in 1988 and from the Grammy Foundation in 2001, for creative contributions of outstanding artistic significance to the field of recording. In 2008 surviving members Townshend and Daltrey were honoured at the 31st Annual Kennedy Center Honors. That same year VH1 Rock Honors paid tribute to The Who where Jack Black of Tenacious D called them “the greatest band of all time.
1960s In 1962, influenced by American R&B and skiffle music, Pete Townshend and John Entwistle, school friends from Acton County Grammar School, London, started a Dixieland jazz band called The Confederates. Townshend played banjo and Entwistle played the French horn, which he had learned to play in his school band. Roger Daltrey met Entwistle walking down a street in London with a bass guitar slung over his shoulder and asked him to join his band called The Detours, which he had formed the year before. After a few weeks, Entwistle suggested Townshend as an additional guitarist. In those early days The Detours played a variety of music, while becoming influenced by American blues and country music, playing mostly rhythm and blues. The line-up consisted of Daltrey as lead guitarist, Townshend on rhythm guitar, Entwistle as the band’s bass guitarist, Doug Sandom on drums, and Colin Dawson as vocalist.
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MERSEY B E AT MUSICAL FANZINE
E s s e n t i a l d i s co g r a p h y ALBUMS 1965 - The Who Sings My Generation 1966 - A Quick One 1967 - The Who Sell Out 1969 - Tommy 1971 - Who’s Next 1973 - Quadrophenia 1974 - Odds & Sods 1975 - The Who By Numbers 1978 - Who Are You 1981 - Face Dances 1983 - It’s Hard 1994 - 30 Years of Maximum R&B 2000 - Live At The Royal Albert Hall 2002 - The Ultimate Collection 2006 - Endless Wire 2010 - The Who - Live At Leeds [40th Anniversary Super-Deluxe Collector’s Edition]
SINGLES 1964 July I’m The Face 1965 January 15 I Can’t Explain 1965 May 21 Anyway Anyhow Anywhere 1965 November 5 My Generation 1966 March Substitute 1966 March A Legal Matter 1966 August 26 I’m A Boy 1966 August The Kids Are Alright 1966 November La La La Lies 1966 December 3 Happy Jack unk! Bucket T 1967 April 22 Pictures of Lily
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1967 July The Last Time 1967 October 14 I Can See For Miles 1968 I Can’t Reach You 1968 March Call Me Lightning 1968 June Dogs 1968 July Magic Bus 1969 March 7 Pinball Wizard 1969 July I’m Free 1969 Go To The Mirror 1969 The Acid Queen 1969 Christmas 1970 April The Seeker 1970 June Summertime Blues (live) 1970 September See Me, Feel Me 1971 June 25 Won’t Get Fooled Again 1971 October Behind Blue Eyes 1971 November Let’s See Action 1972 June Join Together 1972 December Relay 1973 September 5:15 1973 November Love Reign O’er Me 1974 January The Real Me 1974 November Postcard 1975 November Squeeze Box 1976 August Slip Kid 1978 July 14 Who Are You 1978 Had Enough 1978 December Trick of the Light 1979 April Long Live Rock 1981 February 27 You Better You Bet 1981 May Don’t Let Go The Coat 1982 December Eminence Front 1983 February It’s Hard 1984 November Twist And Shout (live) 1985 I Don’t Even Know Myself
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