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Annual Statistics & Analysis of China’s VC Investments-2009

Annual Statistics & Analysis of China’s VC Investments-2009

January 2010

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Copyright © ChinaVenture 2010


Annual Statistics & Analysis of China’s VC Investments-2009

Key Findings 

428 disclosed investments involved a total amount of USD 3.767 billion, indicating a year-on-year decline both in the deal number and the amount

The top four sectors-IT, Manufacturing, Internet and Healthcare-are responsible for over 60% of the total deals, marking a slightly increased sector concentration

IT disclosed 75 deals worth of USD 706 million, ranking first by the deal number

243 deals worth of USD 2.453 billion were sealed for development-stage upstarts, taking the lead over other stages both in the number of deals and the amount

Series-A round investment dominated the market, with 303 deals involving a total amount of USD 2.372 billion

Regional concentration for VC investments was on a downward trend, with Beijing as a share of the total across the country both in the deal number and the amount falling by 7.8% and 3.9% respectively year-on-year, and Shanghai by 3.0% and 7.9% respectively

Chinese institutions were more active, clinching 267 deals worth of USD 949 million

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Copyright © ChinaVenture 2010


Annual Statistics & Analysis of China’s VC Investments-2009

Copyright © ChinaVenture 2010

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Annual Statistics & Analysis of China’s VC Investments-2009

Table of Contents Contents............................................................................................................................. III 1. Review of Domestic VC Market in 2009 ....................................................................... 1 2. Analysis by Scale........................................................................................................... 2 3. Analysis by Sector ......................................................................................................... 4 3.1 Analysis by Number and Amount ........................................................................... 4 3.2 Analysis by TMT Vs. Non-TMT .............................................................................. 6 4. Analysis by Stage .......................................................................................................... 8 5. Analysis by Round....................................................................................................... 10 6. Analysis by Region ...................................................................................................... 12 7. Analysis by Investor .................................................................................................... 14 8. ChinaVenture’s Insights .............................................................................................. 16

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Annual Statistics & Analysis of China’s VC Investments-2009

Figure List Figure 2-1: Domestic VC Investment Scales During 2002-2009 ........................................ 2 Figure 2-2: Average Amounts of Domestic VC Investments During 2002-2009 ................. 3 Figure 3.1-1: Numbers of Domestic VC Investments in 2009 by Sector............................. 5 Figure 3.1-2: Amounts of Domestic VC Investments in 2009 by Sector ............................. 5 Figure 3.2-1: Domestic VC Investment Scales During 2006-2009 by TMT Vs. Non-TMT . 6 Figure 3.2-2: Domestic VC Investments During 2006-2009 by TMT Vs. Non-TMT............ 7 Figure 4-1: Domestic VC Investment Deals in 2009 by Stage ............................................ 9 Figure 4-2: Domestic VC Investment Amounts in 2009 by Stage ....................................... 9 Figure 5-1: Domestic VC Investment Deals in 2009 by Round......................................... 11 Figure 5-2: Domestic VC Investment Amounts in 2009 by Round .................................... 11 Figure 6-1: Top 5 Regions in 2009 by Deal Number ......................................................... 13 Figure 6-2: Top 5 Regions in 2009 by Investment Amount ............................................... 13 Figure 7-1: Chinese Vs. Foreign VC Investment Deals During 2006-2009 ...................... 15

Table List Table 3.1-1: Domestic VC Investment Scales in 2009 by Sector ........................................ 4 Table 4-1: Domestic VC Investment Amounts in 2009 by Stage ......................................... 8 Table 5-1: Domestic VC Investment Scales in 2009 by Round......................................... 10 Table 6-1: Domestic VC Investment Scales in 2009 by Region ........................................ 12 Table 7-1: Chinese Vs. Foreign VC Investment Scales in 2009 ....................................... 14

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Annual Statistics & Analysis of China’s VC Investments-2009

1. Review of Domestic VC Market in 2009 In 2009, China’s VC market declined both in the deal number and the amount: 428 disclosed deals involved a total of USD 3.767 billion, down 20.0% and 24.8% respectively compared with the previous year, largely in line with ChinaVenture’s forecasts. By the sector, domestic VC market experienced a moderate rise in the investment concentration, with IT, Manufacturing, Internet and Healthcare closing the most deals, over 60% of the total and up 3.6 percentage points compared with 2008. By the stage, development stage investment saw a strong rally both in the deal number and the amount in 2009, while at other stages a sharp fall, mirroring a revived rational mindset in China’s VC market: development stage upstarts with both tolerable risks and a reasonable investment cycle have been favored once again by investors. By the round, the number of deals for each round dropped in 2009 due to the reduced total deals. For example, Series-A round grabbed the majority of the deals, 303 in total, and Series E round merely two, namely the follow-on financings by Youku.com and PPLive. Thriving on online video boom, Youku.com has managed to command the leading position in the sector so far. However, for these Series-A round investors in Youku, 2010 will be their fifth year since their entry, a ripe time for capital exit. By the region, VC institutions continued mainly focused their investments on first-tier cities and eastern coastal areas, such as Beijing, Shanghai, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, and Shenzhen, though a declining regional concentration. For example, Beijing saw 104 deals at USD 1.045 billion (as shown in Table 6-1), with its share of the total across the country both in the deal number and the amount falling respectively by 7.8% and 3.9% year-on-year, and Shanghai respectively by 3.0% and 7.9%. By the investor, both the number and the combined amount of deals closed by Chinese institutions saw a steep rise over the previous year, with their share of their respective total up by 62.4% and 25.2% respectively. 1

Copyright © ChinaVenture 2010


Annual Statistics & Analysis of China’s VC Investments-2009

2. Analysis by Scale In 2009, China’s VC market declined both in the deal number and the investment amount: 428 disclosed deals for the year involved the total of USD 3.767 billion, down 20.0% and 24.8% respectively compared with the previous year, largely in line with ChinaVenture’s previous forecasts. The average investment amount stood at USD 8.8 million, a sharp slide from the previous year.

Figure 2-1: Domestic VC Investment Scales During 2002-2009

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Annual Statistics & Analysis of China’s VC Investments-2009

Figure 2-2: Average Amounts of Domestic VC Investments During 2002-2009

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Annual Statistics & Analysis of China’s VC Investments-2009

3. Analysis by Sector 3.1 Analysis by Number and Amount By the sector, China’s VC market in 2009 saw a slight increase in the investment concentration, with IT, Manufacturing, Internet and Healthcare closing most deals, making up over 60% of the total and inching up 3.6 percentage points compared with that of 2008. IT did the best job among all the players by securing. Domestic VC Investment Scales in 2009 by Sector Investment Amount

Average Amount of Deals

(USD M)

(USD M)

75

706.42

9.42

Manufacturing

71

648.29

9.13

Internet

65

947.92

14.58

Healthcare

47

416.02

8.85

Energy

45

290.24

6.45

Telecom & VAS

26

116.47

4.48

Media & Entertainment

20

139.47

6.97

Food & Beverage

14

158.77

11.34

Agriculture & Fishery

13

53.77

4.14

Education

9

48.35

5.37

Chemicals

9

26.59

2.95

9

28.57

3.17

Automotive

7

60.05

8.58

Finance

6

46.65

7.78

Furnishings

4

26.93

6.73

Others

8

52.16

6.52

Total

428

3,766.69

8.80

Sector

Deals

IT

Chain Store & Franchise

CVSource, Jan. 2010

www.ChinaVenture.com.cn

Table 3.1-1: Domestic VC Investment Scales in 2009 by Sector

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Annual Statistics & Analysis of China’s VC Investments-2009

Figure 3.1-1: Numbers of Domestic VC Investments in 2009 by Sector

Figure 3.1-2: Amounts of Domestic VC Investments in 2009 by Sector

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Annual Statistics & Analysis of China’s VC Investments-2009

3.2 Analysis by TMT Vs. Non-TMT In 2009, domestic VC market remained dominated by non-TMT investment, with both the deal number and the investment amount higher than TMT. To be specific, 241 deals going to non-TMT sectors and involving a total amount of USD 1.851 billion, respectively down 12.4% and 28.0% year on year in terms of the deal number and the amount.

Figure 3.2-1: Domestic VC Investment Scales During 2006-2009 by TMT Vs. Non-TMT

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Annual Statistics & Analysis of China’s VC Investments-2009

Figure 3.2-2: Domestic VC Investments During 2006-2009 by TMT Vs. Non-TMT

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Annual Statistics & Analysis of China’s VC Investments-2009

4. Analysis by Stage In 2009, China’s VC investment focusing on development-stage upstarts witnessed a visible rise as opposed to an obvious decline for those at expansion and profitability stages. To be specific, development stage enterprises grabbed 243 disclosed deals worth of USD 2.453 billion, up 14.6% and 64.5% respectively on a year-on-year basis--taking the lead over the other stages both in the number of deals and the investment amount; Expansion stage enterprises sealed 137 deals worth of USD 1.005 billion, down 36.9% and 59.8% respectively, and those at profitability stage secured merely 30 deals worth of USD 219 million, dropping by 58.9% and 71.3% respectively. The trend mirrored a revived rational mindset on China’s VC market: the development stage enterprises, due to their tolerable risks and a reasonable investment cycle, have been favored once again by investors. Domestic VC Investment Amounts in 2009 by Stage Investment Amount

Average Investment Amount

(USD M)

(USD M)

243

2,452.94

10.09

Expansion Stage

137

1,005.08

7.34

Profitability Stage

30

219.24

7.31

Early Stage

18

89.43

4.97

Total

428

3,766.69

8.80

Stage

Deals

Development Stage

CVSource, Jan. 2010

www.ChinaVenture.com.cn

Table 4-1: Domestic VC Investment Amounts in 2009 by Stage

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Annual Statistics & Analysis of China’s VC Investments-2009

Figure 4-1: Domestic VC Investment Deals in 2009 by Stage

Figure 4-2: Domestic VC Investment Amounts in 2009 by Stage

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Annual Statistics & Analysis of China’s VC Investments-2009

5. Analysis by Round The number of investment deals for each round dropped in 2009 due to the reduced total deals. For example, Series-A round grabbed the majority of the deals, 303 in total, and Series E round saw merely two deals, namely the follow-on financings by Youku.com and PPLive. Thriving on online video boom, Youku.com has managed to command the leading position in the sector so far. However, for these Series- A investors in Youku, 2010 will be their fifth year since their entry, a ripe time for capital exits. Domestic VC Investment Scales in 2009 by Round Investment Amount

Average Investment Amount

(USD M)

(USD M)

303

2,372.23

7.83

B

93

925.10

9.95

C

23

312.86

13.60

D

7

101.86

14.55

E

2

54.64

27.32

Round

Deals

A

CVSource, Jan. 2010

www.ChinaVenture.com.cn

Table 5-1: Domestic VC Investment Scales in 2009 by Round

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Annual Statistics & Analysis of China’s VC Investments-2009

Figure 5-1: Domestic VC Investment Deals in 2009 by Round

Figure 5-2: Domestic VC Investment Amounts in 2009 by Round

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Annual Statistics & Analysis of China’s VC Investments-2009

6. Analysis by Region VC institutions continued mainly focused their investments on first-tier cities and eastern coastal areas, such as Beijing, Shanghai, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, and Shenzhen, though a declining regional concentration. For example, Beijing snatched 104 deals worth of USD 1.045 billion (as shown in Table 6-1), with its share of the nationwide total both in the deal number and the amount falling respectively by 7.8% and 3.9% year-on-year, and Shanghai respectively by 3.0% and 7.9%. Domestic VC Investment Scales in 2009 by Region Investment Amount

Average Investment Amount

(USD M)

(USD M)

104

1,044.56

10.04

Shanghai

60

521.67

8.69

Jiangsu

38

186.60

4.91

Zhejiang

33

126.08

3.82

Shenzhen

32

127.36

3.98

25

135.51

5.42

Hubei

22

84.64

3.85

Shandong

17

65.96

3.88

Hunan

16

50.65

3.17

Others

81

1,423.65

17.58

Total

428

3,766.69

8.80

Region

Deals

Beijing

Guangdong (excl. Shenzhen)

CVSource, Jan. 2010

www.ChinaVenture.com.cn

Table 6-1: Domestic VC Investment Scales in 2009 by Region

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Annual Statistics & Analysis of China’s VC Investments-2009

Figure 6-1: Top 5 Regions in 2009 by Deal Number

Figure 6-2: Top 5 Regions in 2009 by Investment Amount

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Annual Statistics & Analysis of China’s VC Investments-2009

7. Analysis by Investor In 2009, both the number and the combined amount of deals closed by Chinese institutions saw a steep rise over the previous year, with their share of their respective total increasing to 62.4% and 25.2% -- mirroring to a great degree the rapid developmental trend of Chinese VC institutions. There were various contributing factors behind the robust momentum, including heightening activity of Chinese institutions, improving legal frameworks, favorable business environment since 2006, a recovering domestic capital market and the newly launched GEM since the beginning of 2009. Although debates over the prospect of Chinese VC institutions exist among LP’s, it is expected that a more favorable external environment to Chinese institutions will shape up with the improvement of related laws & regulations. As such, more and more influential, renowned Chinese institutions will come to the fore, and China’s VC market will become more mature. Chinese Vs. Foreign VC Investment Scales in 2009 Investment Amount

Average Investment

(USD M)

Amount(USD M)

267

949.44

3.56

Foreign

151

2,730.31

18.08

JV

10

86.9394

8.69

Total

428

3,766.69

8.80

Firm

Deals

Chinese

CVSource, Jan. 2010

www.ChinaVenture.com.cn

Table 7-1: Chinese Vs. Foreign VC Investment Scales in 2009

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Annual Statistics & Analysis of China’s VC Investments-2009

Figure 7-1: Chinese Vs. Foreign VC Investment Deals During 2006-2009

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Annual Statistics & Analysis of China’s VC Investments-2009

8. ChinaVenture’s Insights In ChinaVenture’s opinion, the contraction of domestic VC market in 2009 was simply a transient correction during its rapid development, rather than a cooling-off. Therefore, we are sure that both the deal number and the investment amount in China’s VC market will go up in 2010. Some traditional hot spot sectors, such as Internet and Heathcare, will continue to be the major destinations for domestic VC investments, and at the same time, certain promising opportunities will also crop up in some emerging sectors, including Telecom & VAS and Media & Entertainment. 

E-commerce as a subsector of Internet will maintain its fast growing momentum. As a

result, scouting for new investment opportunities and pumping additional capitals into backed upstarts will be a main investment direction for domestic VC institutions. 

Mobile Internet play will continue to be favored. According to the data from CNNIC, so

far, mobile internet subscribers have already reached 155 million in China. Additionally, with a fast expanding 3G handset user base, 3G operations are expected to push the mobile value-added operations onto the fast track of development. Therefore, lots of subsectors, such as mobile gaming, mobile animation and mobile reading, will become investment hotspots with huge potentials. 

Media & Entertainment will also have multiple subsectors attractive to investors. A

telling example is the investments targeting Film & TV programs. In 2009, China’s film industry generated the yearly box office revenues of RMB 6 billion, a 40% increase compared with the previous year, with as many as 21 blockbusters topping the mark of RMB 100 million in box office revenues each, so, What a gold mine it is! In addition, investors’ enthusiasm for animation subsector has never faded, as evidenced in the Sequoia Capital China’s investment in Great Dreams and the Silicon Paradise Sunshine’s investment in Jiang Tong Animation Co., Ltd in 2009. Fueled by fast market expansion, the investment spree in Media & Entertainment will surely extend well into 2010.

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Annual Statistics & Analysis of China’s VC Investments-2009

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Annual Statistics & Analysis of China’s VC Investments-2009

ChinaVenture Group is a leading research and consulting institute in China providing investment advisory services to China-focused investment banks and investment institutions, as well as 3rd party information products and research & consulting services to domestic companies. ChinaVenture also operates the largest media platform (www.chinaventure.com.cn) focusing on China’s VC/PE investment industry, and hosts various investment-related conferences and forums each year. ChinaVenture was founded in 2005 with offices in Beijing and Shanghai. Investment Consulting & Strategic Partnership

Research, Consulting & Marketing Cooperation

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Email: henry@chinaventure.com.cn

Email: kevin@chinaventure.com.cn

Disclaimer This report has been prepared by ChinaVenture Investment Consulting Ltd. (hereinafter referred to as “ChinaVenture”). ChinaVenture has taken responsible steps to ensure that the information has been obtained from reliable sources; however, ChinaVenture does not warrant (express or implied) or assume any legal liabilities or responsibilities for the accuracy, completeness, authenticity or usefulness of any data, information, citations, and/or disclosure in this report.

The contents of this report is purely

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Annual Statistics & Analysis of China’s VC Investments-2009  

In 2009, China’s VC market declined both in the deal number and the amount: 428 disclosed deals involved a total of USD 3.767 billion, down...

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