August 2010 – Classroom GS 420 - Lean & Sustainable Product Design August 3, 2010 – Colchester, VT GS420, “Lean and Sustainable Product Design” is a one-day, train-the-trainer workshop that incorporates the critical 4th dimension of product sustainability throughout the total life use cycle of a product, from cradle to grave to cradle. Environmental attributes are designed-in early and balanced with quality, performance and price-value attributes, so that the resultant product meets the needs of the customer and market place, and still makes it profitable to produce, sell and service. Several LSPD tools are provided to help the product development team prioritize and optimize product attributes in tune with customer needs, functional and regulatory requirements, and environmental factors. In today’s emphasis on global environmental stewardship, LSPD enables product designers to address all aspects of sustainability throughout the entire product lifecycle. Registration for the August 3, 2010 class in Colchester, VT may be made by calling Anne Wood, VMEC Office Manager, 802-728-1427 or by email email@example.com.
LE 101 - Principles of Lean Manufacturing with Live Simulation - $325 – August 18, 2010 – Ft. Worth, TX – Registration Ends August 11 This one-day workshop is part of an integrated suite of MEP tools and services developed specifically for small manufacturers It is one in a series of related lean courses MEPU offers At this workshop, you’ll learn the principles of lean manufacturing and how to apply them During the simulation exercises—as a member of the production team for Buzz Electronics— you’ll apply lean concepts such as standardized work, visual signals, batch-size reduction, pull systems and more Experience firsthand how lean improves quality, reduces cycle time, improves delivery performance, reduces WIP and enables Buzz to show a profit This is required for all other Lean courses.
LE 401 - Principles of Lean Manufacturing Train the Trainer - $400 - August 19, 2010 – Ft. Worth, TX – Registration Ends August 11 LE 401 develops the trainer capabilities to teach LE 101 to clients. This course is offered as the second day of a 2-day event with LE 101 on day 1. To take LE 401, you MUST register for LE 101 as well. Successful participants are qualified to purchase Trainer Materials.
Webinars WEBINAR: Chile Reconstruction Opportunities – August 4, 2010 This webinar will feature an overview of the rebuild efforts in Chile in the area affected February 2010 earthquake. Speakers from the U.S. Embassy in Santiago, Chile along with a representative from Kallman Worldwide, organizer for Rebuild Chile II will present about opportunities for U.S. companies to participate in the rebuild effort. This webinar is being presented by the Global Design & Construction Team. To Register go to https://emenuapps.ita.doc.gov/ePublic/newWebinarRegistration.jsp?SmartCode=0QB6.
WEBINAR: Green Manufacturing Webinar Series Wednesdays in August 2010 – 2 PM Eastern Time – Four 60-minute sessions – SME Members $445, Nonmembers $525 – August 4, 11, 18, 25, 2010 Join us for this four-part webinar series that will give participants a broad look at how to apply green practices in their work environment. The foundation of this series is the Green Enterprise Development program developed by Purdue’s Technical Assistance Program. Green Enterprise Development was designed by Purdue’s Technical Assistance Program in 2009 for manufacturers and others interested in learning how to apply sustainable, environmentally friendly practices in the workplace. The purpose of this program was to develop a workforce training and accreditation program in the field of sustainability. It includes lecture, hands-on activities, simulations, and case studies that teach how the implementation of environmental sustainable projects lead to increased efficiency and cost reduction. The program is composed of nine in-class modules, one online module, and seven facilitator training modules. Through the 3-level program, participants can earn an SME Green Manufacturing Specialist certificate with accreditation through the Society of Manufacturing Engineers (SME) upon successful completion of an exam. The program also includes courses to train instructors in the Green Generalist and Green Specialist modules and offers an online training module – Green Generalist Online. Who Should Attend This series is recommended for engineers, environmental managers, green team participants, and anyone interested in learning more about implementing green practices.
You would think, wouldn’t you, that protecting the ultimate capital asset upon which all future income depends – in other words this fragile planet – was worth investing in, seriously and urgently. So isn’t now the critical time to be developing these technologies, business models and financial instruments for environmental reasons, above all, but also for economic reasons? HRH The Prince of Wales 1 May 2008
Part 1: How to Organize an Energy Audit - $130/$150 August 4, 2010 - 2 PM ET– This module will outline the preliminary steps needed to conduct a successful energy audit of an industrial facility. It will highlight free US Department of Energy (DOE) evaluation tools and technical resources that can be used during the audit and to evaluate opportunities identified during the audit. The instructor will engage in a discussion of how to focus the audit so that it uses staff time efficiently and identifies the strongest opportunities.
Part 2: How to Use Value Stream Mapping to Map a Waste Stream - $130/$150 August 11, 2010 - 2 PM ET– Value Stream Mapping (VSM) is a fundamental tool in Lean Manufacturing.
This webinar will demonstrate one way to use VSM concepts to map waste streams. The Waste Stream Mapping tool developed by Purdue Technical Assistance Program (TAP) can be used to map solid, liquid, gaseous and hazardous waste streams to create a visual tool for identifying opportunities. The webinar will feature a solid waste stream map from a furniture company.
Part 3: How to Do a Waste Sort “Dumpster Dive” - $130/$150 August 18, 2010 - 2 PM ET– This module will focus on the basics of setting up a solid waste sorting exercise and how to perform a root cause analysis. It will also cover how to use common lean tools such as “5-Whys” and Ishakawa diagrams. Part 4: Fundamentals of Green Chemistry - $130/$150 August 25, 2010 - 2 PM ET – There is a greater opportunity to reduce the environmental impact of a product, process, or building when it is still in the design phase than at any other time in its life cycle. This module will utilize case studies to highlight life cycle cost issues that should be considered during a process setup, product design phase, or design of an entire building. Each session includes an approximately 45-minute presentation and a brief Q&A session at the end. Unlimited participants are allowed at each login site. All registrants receive 180 days of free access to the recording of the live session. All registrants can receive a Certificate of Completion. See http://sme.peachnewmedia.com/store/seminar/seminar.php?seminar=5263 for full details and registration.
Pricing: Allows unlimited attendees at each login site; both series and individual pricing available for SME members and nonmembers
WEBINAR: Industrial Laser Marking 101 – August 4, 2010 – 12 Noon ET The laser is an extremely versatile manufacturing tool with many beneficial processing features. This webinar will cover the following: •Laser marking is a permanent mark •Products we touch every day are laser marked •Laser marking consists of letters, bar codes, and graphics •Many different materials can be marked with the different lasers from UV to the far IR To Register go to https://www.yourconferencecenter.com/confcenter/PinCode/Pin_Code.aspx?100638&o=UDyEhZkkHmVBTc .
Register Online at www.mepulearningcenter.com
August 2010 Course Calendar
WEBINAR: The Promise of Carbon Nanotube Technology in Industry – August 4, 2010 – 2 PM ET Few technologies on the near-term horizon offer the same potential for game-changing results as does carbon nanotube material technology. The unique nano-scale properties provide the opportunity to develop ultra-high strength, low-weight products and components that possesses highly conductive electrical and thermal properties. To date, however, the key challenge has remained one of transforming this intriguing science into a scalable manufacturing capability that addresses the needs of targeted applications, markets and end-users. This presentation will discuss the transition taking place to produce commercially scaled, carbon nanotube material that is designed to meet the needs of engineers who are seeking a multifunctional, novel option that can outperform existing alternatives. To register go to https://www.yourconferencecenter.com/confcenter/PinCode/Pin_Code.aspx?100638&o=UZJWlRMxFvjABt
This session will focus on how to motivate employees to participate in energy efficiency. Steven Fugarazzo (Raytheon) and Mary Alice Kurtz (General Motors Company) will be the featured presenters. TO REGISTER CONTACT: Mardann Olsen - 410-997-7778 x 251 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
WEBINAR: Working in WebEx - $5 – August 12, 2010 – 2:00 – 3:00 PM – Registration Ends August 11 Working in WebEx was a great overview of this new tool that is available. After this training I feel much more comfortable in attending a WebEx meeting or presentation. I might even host a WebEx session in the future - it seems pretty easy. Attendee from July 14 Webinar
Whether you are a participant or a presenter, this 1-hour webinar gives you the tools to get more out of your next WebEx* session. Learn how to take advantage of this technology to accomplish day-to-day tasks more easily from meetings to learning events. This webinar will be interactive. Participants will learn how to initiate a WebEx session, invite attendees, and interact with attendees during the session and much more. This is a great tool which allows face-to-face interaction (assuming system capabilities) from across the street or the other side of the world. A WebEx expert will lead the session and be available to answer questions. *WebEx Communications Inc. is a Cisco company that provides on-demand collaboration, online meeting, web conferencing and videoconferencing applications.
WEBINAR: Haiti Reconstruction Opportunities – August 12, 2010 This webinar will provide participants with information about reconstruction efforts that are taking place in Haiti. The webinar will feature the CS representative to the Inter Americas Development Bank, Mac Tadeu and the Regional Senior Commercial Officer based in Dominican Republic, Robert Jones. To Register go to https://emenuapps.ita.doc.gov/ePublic/newWebinarRegistration.jsp?SmartCode=0QB7.
WEBINAR: Detailed Event Information For Chemicals and Plastics: Entering New Markets featuring Presentations on Turkey – August 17, 2010 – 10:30 AM ET Chemicals and Plastics: Entering New Markets with Presentations on Turkey and Germany”, is a webinar featuring Commercial Specialists from Germany and Turkey. This program will give you insight on penetrating the German and Turkish markets. Germany is the largest plastics market in Europe and due to its location, Germany often serves as a hub to other European countries. In 2010, Germany will host the world’s largest trade fair for Plastics/Rubber materials and machinery: K? 2010, Dusseldorf, October 27-November 03, 2010 Of the total $50 billion of chemical product imported into Turkey, $15 billion are "intermediate input" goods, both foreign and local Market potential is high: local with a population of 75 million, of which 6% is below the age of 30, the youngest population in Europe Please read the following information carefully: The U.S. Commercial Service requires event registrants to accept specific Terms and Conditions and review Product Standards. Tuesday, August 17th at 10:30AM ET, 9:30AM CT, 8:30AM MT, 7:30AM PT Registration is free. Webinar instructions will be sent to you upon registration. Questions? Contact Debbie Dirr, 937-259-2522 or email@example.com To Register go to https://emenuapps.ita.doc.gov/ePublic/newWebinarRegistration.jsp?SmartCode=0QB2 .
Upcoming Events - September 2010 Classroom GS 420 - Lean & Sustainable Product Design – September 23, 2010 – Hosted by Delaware MEP - $150 GS420, “Lean and Sustainable Product Design” is a one-day, train-the-trainer workshop that incorporates the critical 4th dimension of product sustainability throughout the total life use cycle of a product, from cradle to grave to cradle. Environmental attributes are designed-in early and balanced with quality, performance and price-value attributes, so that the resultant product meets the needs of the customer and market place, and still makes it profitable to produce, sell and service. Several LSPD tools are provided to help the product development team prioritize and optimize product attributes in tune with customer needs, functional and regulatory requirements, and environmental factors. In today’s emphasis on global environmental stewardship, LSPD enables product designers to address all aspects of sustainability throughout the entire product lifecycle.
TM 326 Innovation Engineering Leadership & Eureka! Jump Start Bootcamp
$995 (for MEP Members & Clients) Sept 27 – Oct 1 Maine (Innovation Engineering 9/27-29, Bootcamp 9/30 – Oct 1)
Eureka! Jump Start Bootcamp - For new Eureka! Coach The Innovation Engineering Leadership Institutes “total system” approach is supported by the quantitative research done on the successes and failures of more than 6,000 innovation teams and 10,000 innovations. Additionally, the teaching of this Institute is grounded in the teaching approaches used in the undergraduate and graduate level courses in the University of Maine’s fast-growing academic discipline, Innovation Engineering. PURPOSE OF DAY 1: To teach the Fundamentals of how to create, communicate and commercialize meaningfully unique ideas. At the end of the day - adult learners will feel some tension as they will have learned during the day that much of what they thought they knew is actually not right. The tension will become reduced as they continue forward. PURPOSE OF DAY 2: To teach Industrial Strength methods. The teaching builds on the foundation of fundamentals taught the day before. On Day 2 the teaching moves towards ideas to change and improve existing products or services and to create new offerings that customers are willing to pay more money for. PURPOSE OF DAY 3: To teach advanced methods for applying the Innovation Engineering principles and processes; secondarily, to provide additional repetitions so to solidify learning and confidence among participants. Eureka! Jump Start Bootcamp - For new Eureka! Coaches The Eureka! Jump Start Bootcamp is a 2-day real-world training program that helps coaches experience running a Eureka! Jump Start program. Over the 2 days coaches will go through 2 real Eureka! Jump Start projects with 2 real clients to see, feel and experience the process first hand. Evening homework and late nights should be expected to debrief and increase skills necessary to deliver the program, including following “Fail Fast, Fail Cheap” coaching. In order to be trained as a Eureka! Coach you must also attend the full 3-day Innovation Engineering Leadership Institute. During the Innovation Engineering Leadership Institute you will also have night assignments to increase your knowledge and confidence in creating, communication and commercializing meaningfully unique ideas - a critical skill set for being a successful Eureka! coach. Innovation Engineering Leadership Institutes are scheduled throughout the country. The national pricing per person is $1,995, however MEP Center Staff and their clients receive a reduced rate of $995. If a MEP client is interested in attending, please contact the Eureka! Ranch to receive the reduced rate passcode. Eureka! Ranch will notify MEPU of your registration so we can add this to your transcript. Additional information can be found at http://innovationengineering.info/ registration at http://innovationengineering.info/registration.php.
Webinars WEBINAR: Virtual Clinical Trials Technology Fair with Hungary – $300 - September 2, 2010 – 11:00 AM ET The Silicon Valley U.S. Commercial Service (CS) and CS Hungary have developed a web-based program for clinical trial product suppliers/manufacturers, interested in entering the Hungarian clinical trial market. This unique program will allow you to present your clinical trial technologies to Clinical Research Organizations in Hungary, interested in learning about available U.S. technologies to improve the clinical trial process.
Register Online at www.mepulearningcenter.com
WEBINAR: Achieving Total Employee Engagement in Energy Efficiency – No Charge – August 5, 2010
CS Hungary have developed a web-based program for clinical trial product suppliers/manufacturers, interested in entering the Hungarian clinical trial market. This unique program will allow you to present your clinical trial technologies Learn first-hand about the clinical trials market in Hungary from the U.S. Commercial Service. Present your company products and services to Hungarian Clinical Research Organizations from your desktop. Receive a market research report on Hungary’s clinical trial market, along with Hungarian Clinical Research Organization contacts from the USCS. Learn and ask questions from Hungarian Clinical Research Organizations participating in the program.
The U.S. Commercial Service requires event registrants to accept specific Terms and Conditions and review Product Standards before payment can be collected. Thursday, September 2, 2010. Start Time: 11 am EST/8 am PST. Program will last until all questions are answered. The fee is $300. You will receive two emails. The first message is your registration receipt. The second message contains participation information. Program Call-in & Login information will be sent after registration is received. You will be requested to provide a PowerPoint presentation on your products and services a few days before the program date. Contact: Gabriela Zelaya at firstname.lastname@example.org or (408) 535-2757, Ext. 107. To Register go to https://emenuapps.ita.doc.gov/ePublic/newWebinarRegistration.jsp?SmartCode=0Q8X.
WEBINAR: Medical Reimbursement and Procurement in the United Kingdom – $75 – September 8, 2010 Join the U.S. Commercial Service for a comprehensive review of the United Kingdom’s healthcare sector. Learn about the $200 billion healthcare market, including the publicly-run National Health Service (NHS) which is responsible for around 81% of the country’s total healthcare expenditure. A panel of speakers will discuss and answer questions on subjects, such as the anticipated changes in the NHS procurement system, reimbursement practices and procedures. In addition, current market issues, trends and opportunities as well as market entry strategies will be addressed. Participants will also have an opportunity to listen to U.S. and UK companies talk about their experiences in the market. This highly focused, interactive seminar in a “virtual classroom” will assist you in navigating the UK’s healthcare system. This webinar, geared to U.S. medical equipment and device companies, will provide a hands-on review of United Kingdom’s healthcare sector from procurement and reimbursement practices to current market issues, trends and opportunities. Participate in a comprehensive review of the UK's healthcare system. Learn about the National Health Service medical reimbursement and procurement practices. Find out about anticipated changes in the National Health Service reimbursement and procurement system. Listen to American and British companies share their experience in the UK market. Please read the following information carefully: The U.S. Commercial Service requires event registrants to accept specific Terms and Conditions and review Product Standards before payment can be collected. It is recommended that you log-in 15 min. prior to the start time. Fee: $75 per participant, payable online via credit card. Webinar call-in and log-in information will be sent after paid registration is received. Run a system check to ensure your computer is configured for this webinar. Visit https://e-meetings.verizonbusiness.com/updates/net-systemcheck.php?ver=2003 There is an open Q&A session at the end of the presentations. You’re encouraged to submit your questions before the webinar to Rochelle via email. Diagnostics and pharmaceuticals will not be included in this overview. To Register go to https://emenuapps.ita.doc.gov/ePublic/newWebinarRegistration.jsp?SmartCode=0Q5H.
WEBINAR: Doing Business with Canadian First Responders – September 8, 2010 – 10:00 AM – 12 Noon ET This event, taking place on September 8 from 10:00 a.m. to 12:00 noon (EDT), will provide practical advice and contacts for U.S. companies looking to do business in the police, fire, security and emergency services sectors within Canada. The program will include interviews with senior representatives from the Canadian federal government as well as representatives from the police, fire and security sectors. Frontline Magazine, Canada leading security publication is the co-host of this event. The complete agenda can be viewed at http://www.buyusa.gov/canada/en/firstresponder.html. This event will provide practical advice and contacts for U.S. companies looking to do business in the police, fire, security and emergency services sectors within Canada. You will get first hand information from: Frontline Security Magazine, Canadian Association of Fire Chiefs, Emergency Medical Services Chiefs of Canada, Canadian Police Research Centre, Public Works and Government Services Canada, Canadian Association of Defense and Security Industries, the Canadian Police Research Center Canadian Advanced Technology Alliance, and the U.S. Commercial Service To Register go to https://emenuapps.ita.doc.gov/ePublic/newWebinarRegistration.jsp?SmartCode=0Q9T.
WEBINAR: TM 121: Immigration: The Next Crisis in the Board Room - $225 September 9, 16, and 23, 2010 - 2:00 – 3:00 PM ET In July of 2009, the Obama administration announced a new strategy in its fight against illegal immigration…to focus on the employer. So far, the number of government audits and fines against employers has increased 10fold, and it is the stated strategy of the administration to continue with these efforts, with the result being fines and in some cases jail time. In March alone over seven (7) employers across the country were subject to enforcement actions which resulted in jail time and arrests. This three-part webinar series is designed to help the center help their client. In this series the attendee will learn:
America was indebted to immigration for her settlement and prosperity. That part of America which had encouraged them most had advanced most rapidly in population, agriculture and the arts.
What is the issue for clients with respect to I-9’s and immigration. What are the legal requirements? Have they changed and if so why?
Why your client should care about I-9’s and why they currently don’t? What information you can provide them to make the shift. Why your MEP should care about the I-9 issue and how you can build a revenue stream from I-9 and immigration products while providing a valuable service to your clients. This course is designed for anyone in the center who interfaces with clients and prospective clients, including center directors, project managers, marketing directors, and sales.
WEBINAR: TM 314: The Price is Right – How to Think About a Company’s Financial Situation Before Committing to Growth – 5 Parts - $210 September 8, 2010 2:00 – 3:00 PM then September 15, 22, 29 and October 6, 2010 The Price is Right is a 5-part webcast series-covering a number of financial and marketing issues that any service provider should know before committing to a growth strategy project. Each webcast builds on information provided in the previous one, and includes reading and homework. Each event includes exercises that reinforce and teach the content and bring the concepts together from session to session. After attending this series, participants will be able to identify a company’s competitive and financial situation and use that information to make informed decisions about how to work with the client in pursuit of a growth or turnaround strategy. In the first webcast you will learn why inaccurate and improperly formatted income statements are problematic to the development and analysis of prospective growth strategies. You will receive an overview of the balance sheet and income statement, including definitions for sales, profit/profitability, retained earnings/equity, working capital, and cash flow. The second webcast covers fundamental cost accounting principles – fixed and variable costs, breakeven, and company cost structure – will help service providers (1) identify financial factors that will limit growth potential and (2) establish preliminary minimum and optimal growth targets for both sales and profit – both at the company and product level. The third webcast builds on the second. You will learn how to use basic cost accounting techniques to help clients evaluate alternative growth scenarios and to choose those that meet preliminary revenue and profit targets. The fourth event teaches you how to help clients consider the type of product that is appropriate to their financial situation, sales organization, and sales distribution channel. Pricing issues and pricing strategies will derive from material covered in Webcast 3. Presenters will also cover the differences between historical financial accounting, management accounting and lean accounting. This final webcast brings together everything learned in the previous four sessions. After the first four webcasts the participants will know how to estimate product costs, project gross margins, set sell prices, and estimate the total cost of the project. The last session will show you how to: Do a simple competitor analysis
Identify potential markets
Identify the best customers
Estimate demand in terms of a unit forecast and total sales forecast.
All of this information is summarized in a simple spread sheet that shows how much money needs to be invested in the idea.
Register Online at www.mepulearningcenter.com
Please read the following information carefully:
WEBINAR: Tolerance Stack-up Analysis PART I: When is GD&T Included in a Stack? - September 28, 2010 – 2:00-3:30 PM $175/$195 This session will give participants practice in performing tolerance stacks that involve GD&T (geometric dimensioning and tolerancing). A basic knowledge of geometric tolerancing is required, and familiarity with the basic stack spreadsheet method is recommended. In performing part or assembly stacks, not all GD&T symbols are handled the same way; participants will learn when and how to factor in the various tolerances. Also included are the unique factors known as “bonus tolerance” and “shift tolerance” (the “M” symbols), which are often erroneously ignored in tolerance stack-up analysis. Multiple examples will be provided to show specific applications (including several simple assemblies), and each session also includes practice exercises for the participants.
Who Should Attend: This series is recommended for design engineers, drafters, manufacturing engineers, tool and die makers, gage designers and makers, management personnel, and tool designers. The session includes an approximately 70-minute presentation and a brief Q&A session at the end. Unlimited participants are allowed at each login site. All registrants receive 180 days of free access to the recording of the live session. Training Session Objectives •
Develop a 1-D tolerance stack involving any GD&T symbol
Determine the “stack path,” including geometric tolerances
Correctly accommodate GD&T into assembly stacks
Calculate any “bonus” and “shift
SME Member Price: $175, Non-Member Price $195 To register go to http://sme.peachnewmedia.com/store/seminar/seminar.php?seminar=5457
WEBINAR: Tolerance Stack-up Analysis PART II: Shift Tolerances and Stacks with Assemblies – September 30, 2010 – 11:00 AM–12:30 PM $175/$195 This session will give participants practice in performing tolerance stacks that involve GD&T (geometric dimensioning and tolerancing). A basic knowledge of geometric tolerancing is required, and familiarity with the basic stack spreadsheet method is recommended. In performing part or assembly stacks, not all GD&T symbols are handled the same way; participants will learn when and how to factor in the various tolerances. Also included are the unique factors known as “bonus tolerance” and “shift tolerance” (the “M” symbols), which are often erroneously ignored in tolerance stack-up analysis. Multiple examples will be provided to show specific applications (including several simple assemblies), and each session also includes practice exercises for the participants. Agenda: Brief review of Session One What is shift tolerance? Calculating shift and determining the direction Stacks on a simple assembly with bonus and shift Practice exercises Wrap-up Who Should Attend: This series is recommended for design engineers, drafters, manufacturing engineers, tool and die makers, gage designers and makers, management personnel, and tool designers. The session includes an approximately 70-minute presentation and a brief Q&A session at the end. Unlimited participants are allowed at each login site. All registrants receive 180 days of free access to the recording of the live session. Training Session Objectives •
Develop a 1-D tolerance stack involving any GD&T symbol
Determine the “stack path,” including geometric tolerances
Correctly accommodate GD&T into assembly stacks
Calculate any “bonus” and “shift” tolerances
SME Member Price: $175, Non-Member Price $195 To register go to http://sme.peachnewmedia.com/store/seminar/seminar.php?seminar=5460
For events after September 30 you can check the MEPU calendar by logging in to MEPU with your Source for Centers ID and Password, and then go to Learning Center Course Catalog Calendar View. If you have not logged in to MEPU for over three months your ID will be inactivated please call the MEP HelpLine at 301-975-4778 to be re-activated.
For complete class description and class registration go to mepulearningcenter.com.
For any questions please contact Joy Stone at (571) 214-9335 or at email@example.com.
Agenda: Introduction and stacks review Overview of the GD&T symbols Rule #1 and its effect on stacks Including position, runout, and profile tolerances Bonus tolerance -- not always equally disposed Practices exercises