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Conditionals

2nd Bat

Conditional sentences are Compound sentences formed by:

main clause (result)  

+

subordinate clause (condition)

if it snows

We stay at home

abr 22­20:26

Conditionals

2nd Bat

There are three types of conditional sentences

type 1: probable condition

a future possibility/ probability

Pull

type 2: improbable condition

an imaginary or hypothetical situation

type 3: impossible condition

an unreal situation in the past

Pull

Pull

abr 22­20:33

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Conditionals

2nd Bat

Type 1: probable Result

Condition If

Present Simple

present simple

     If you get up late,

you miss the bus

Modal simple

future simple

     If you can't get up early       Unless you can get up early

you will miss the bus

Unless

Providing

As long as

modal simple you might miss the bus

imperative take a taxi

Your turn: If /When I finish school, ..... 

Unless I pass all the subjects, ... abr 22­20:37

Conditionals

2nd Bat

Time clauses

Result

Condition

When Present Simple

As soon  as

By the  time

Future simple

       When the summer comes, 

I will go on holiday 

As soon as we get home,

we will call you

      

Your turn: As soon as I leave school, ...   When I turn 18,...   

abr 22­21:42

2


Conditionals

2nd Bat

Type 2:  Result

Condition

Improbable/ imaginary or hypothetical would + infinitive

Past Simple If

     If you helped us,

I / we should (formal) we would / should be grateful

Unless could

...

might/could we might fix the computer

     If you could help us        

Advice I would / could / might

If I were you,

Your turn: If you found a wallet inthe street, what would you do?                    If you could live anywhere, where would you live?    If you were the president, what would you change? abr 22­21:42

Conditionals

2nd Bat

type 3: impossible  Condition If

Result

Past Perfect

would have + past part.

     If I had had the opportunity,

I / we should have(formal) I would have become an astronaut 

Unless

...

could have + p.p.

might/could have + p.p.

     If I could have chosen,        

I might have become an astronaut

Your turn: If you I had won the lottery last Christmas,                   If I could have lived anytime in the past,  

abr 22­22:33

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Conditionals

2nd Bat

I wish / If only

I wish 

Past Simple

A wish for a different present  situation I wish I had more time

If only

If only I were taller

Past Perfect

Regret about a past action or  situation My brother wishes he had learnt French  

could/would +  infinitive

A desire for something to  happen in the future I wish I could find a good job

A complaint about someone's  behaviour If only you would help me

abr 22­21:42

4

Conditionals & 'I wish/If only"  

form and use of conditional sentences and related structures

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