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MENG ZHOU Portfolio Bechelor of Architecture 2011 - 2015


[REFLECTION] As a product of craftsmanship in a larger scale, architectural design could also hear a process of conversing with the site. It is a reflection of the environment and culture the site is surrounded by.


CONTENT 01 2014 Fall

02 2014 Winter

03 2015 Spring

04

2015 Fall

05 2013 - 2015

MOUNTAINS UNDER THE MOUNTAINS Exhibition center for university

CLOUD Human scale city center

LIFE BETWEEN BUILDINGS Urban renewal design

VILLAGE DESIGN Rural area design

OTHER WORKS Selected academic works and handcraft works


01

MOUNTAINS UNDER THE MOUNTAINS Exhibition Center for University 2014 Fall | 2186m2 | Hu county, Xi'an | Individual Work | Annuel Best Student Work

Through learning from the nature and history I try to rebuild the connection between the QingLing Mountain and the site. Deeply influenced by the QinLing Mountain, I want my design grow from the site, just like it has always been here. In the triditional concept of ancient China, the higher laws are exsisting in nature rather than architecture. So, Chinese ancient buildings play a second role in that relationship. The way local craftsman building the roof of their house shows the worship culture in QingLing Mountain. Instead of designing a noticeable building for the university behind the Qingling, I chose to hide the visual appearance. And basically the trend of the building follows the shape of the mountain.


University Site Location

Field

Village

Field

Mountain

SITE ANALYSIS The site is located in a corner of the university campus. In a larger scale it is between the Guanzhong Plain and the Qingling Mountain. Through learning from nature and history of Hu county, I find that local people turn to be the modest crowd with the worship culture of Qingling Mountain. Mountain plays the more important role between nature and local construction. The roof of local buildings shows the craftsman’s understanding of this kind of connection.


Dividing

Roads

Courtyards

Roof

CONCEPT GENERATION Trend of the roof follows the mountain shape, and it is also suitable to specific function. With this modest architectural language, the site remains a feeling of quietness. It can become a natural boundary between campus and village outside. I would like to keep the qualities of site and make the new architecture blend into the lanscape.


B

C

D

E

A B

1

1

5

C

5

10

10

D

20m

E

FIRST FLOOR PLAN

20m


A

Exhibition Room 1 Service Counter 2 Study Lounge 3 Lecture Hall 4 Storeroom 5 Laboratory 6 Office 7 Men Shower Bath Room 8 Women Shower Bath Room 9 Stodio 10

SECOND FLOOR PLAN

A-A SECTION


B-B

C-C

D-D

E-E

1

5

10

20m

ALTERNATE CONVERSION OF INSIDE AND OUTSIDE Chinese ancient prefer buildings have a coversation with the environment they surrounded by. Courtyard always exsists as the connection. It can give a feeling of alternate conversion of the inside and the outside during the way of touring, which blurs the boundary between environment and architecture.


Artist Studio

Labotrary Offices Exhibition

Exhibition Study Room Tea House

Lecture Hall

Courtyard


Today’s exhibition was fine.

Let me check today’s lecture.

How about the outside movie?

There must be some technological introductions. Wow!!

Maybe this project is too difficult for us to finish in two days.

It is over. See you next day!

Sorry, it is my day-off.

Chinese landscape painting shows the traditional Chinese way of appreciation of landscape. Instead of the observation from God’s standpoint, it is expressed through the perspective of the observer, which could not fully shows the world. And it offers me a new way of thinking about architecture and shows the relationship between nature, human and architecture.


01

CLOUD Human Scale City Station 2014 Winter | 5214m2 | Individual Work | Jingkai, Xi'an

The cloud station seeks to be a refuge by providing spaces of suitable size in the overdeveloped city. Cities become the congregations of huge islands which are filled with high-rise buildings. New public spaces are designed for transportation. People live like nails that mechanically moving in and out giant buildings. I want to highlight the high-rise pressure around the site by comparing high-rise and small space around it. Through combining the new spaces with the old transport station, previous station has a new connection with passing people. Also this pattern can be copied to everywhere in the city just like the clouds.


90 m

96 m

Fengcheng No.1 Road 14m

103 m

Weiyang Road 44m

95 m

Fengcheng No.1 Road 14m

126m

50 m

75 m

75 m

105 m

Site Location

HIGH-RISE PRESSURE Building small spaces in city is more like an act of foolery in nowdays, especially if the city is one of the dense and developed cities of China. But when I am in the site and try to find out something, I bellieve the opposite can be true. Architectural design demands a conversing with the site. And with my understanding of the existing contexts I focus on the high-rise pressure and use it as the point of my start. I want to highlight it and break it in my own architectural language. Nowadays more and more public spaces are designed for transportation such as the overpass and subway station. People walk through it several times a day in order to involve themselves into the social mechines. We call this kind of place STATION.


By putting small spaces over these STATIONs, I hope people can pay attention to this CLOUD over their heads and be aware of this comparison between pleasant space and the giant building during their way in the dense city.These small rooms can be the spaces of equal and plural coexistence.


Subway Line No. 2

Subway Station

SITE PLAN

100m

50

10 20


Exhibition Service Counter Book Store and Coffee Meeting Room Tea House Waiting Room

FIRST FLOOR PLAN 1

5

10

20m

1 2 3 4 5 6


Steel Structure

Polycarbonate

Book Store

Tea House

Waiting Room Exhibition Meeting Room

Gallery

Footbridge Subway Entrance

VERTICAL CONNECTION By combining with the transportation station, the CLOUD is a kind of activating of the previous station. It is set besides the way people moving from one building machine to another. In these human scale spaces people can find out the diversity between it and the giant buildings.


Exhibition

Footbridge

Subway Entrance

Subway Station

SECTION


INSIDE AND OUTSIDE Public space plays a role as a piazza which connect the inside rooms and the outside world. But it is not only a intermediary space but also can be an another kind of inside space. Translucent glass reflects the shadow of the high-rise buildings outside, which is a different scenery from what you see inside.


03

LIFE BETWEEN BUILDINGS Southeast Corner of Xi'an Old Town Renovation Design 2015 Spring | 108000m2 | Beilin, Xi’an Team work: Wenjia Zhang, Bingguang Chen Excellent Award of National Architectural College Student Work Exhibition 2015 Annual Best Student Work Competition


This project is a renovation of an undeveloped area, a historical part alongside the City Wall, in the old district of Xi'an. It seeks to plan the site as authentic places drived from the relationship and communication culture. We focus on the site and find the human interaction and communication which has long been embedded in the district. Local citizens shapes this site a lifeful part and are characterized by the communication culture at the same time.

But the current undeveloped architectural model of the site severely disrupts the prospect of local culture, it severs the closed connection. So the project tries to explore and intensify the relationship. It highlights the celebratory moments of communal life -- buying and selling, chatting and playing. All these moments are which we regard as the basis of the city.Life within the new urban model is the result of the collective efforts of local people and tourists.


COMMUNICATIO

Song

Ming

Early Qing

Late Qing

Trade

Antique trade

Packway besides the citywall

Telephone

Military channel Telegram

Newspaper 960

Carrier pigeon 12th CENTERY

18th CENTERY

1840s

1876


ON EVOLUTION

Min Guo

Jian Guo Chu

Now

Internet Market

Television

Factory

Radio

E-mail Unit compound

Residence

Online Chat

Facebook 1920

1925

1969

1990

2004

Human communication has always been in a process of changing. Similiarly, the evolution also exists in the site. As a historical district, the communication between local people started to develop since the jiexiang revolution in the Song Dynasty (around 960AD). After the founding of the People's Republic of China, the development of varieties of workshops and factories in the site also contributes to the communication of local people. It is worth noticing that the pattern of communication inside the site shows a difference from the communication pattern of a normal city which has a close connection with the modern technology. It focus on a face-to-face way.


COMMUNICAT

Professional Communication

Personal Communication

Social circle Communicat

The flowing sellers seldom have a stable place. They’re always expelled by police.

Three shopping lanes appears at the same place, making it always in a chaotic situation.

The lane is a little narrow and it can be too crowded to walk when vehicle runs in.

I want to have a place to play with my friends.

I will spend all the time selling food in my shop. But I want to have a place to relax myself in the relative spare time.

So cheap people! I do shopp

Here once to be place full of hist memory, but no too broken to h people.


ATION PATTERN

tion

Social Group Communication

Children have little place to have fun. They always play on the street, which is quite dangerous.

p! But so many It is too crowded to ping here.

eaa torical ow, it is hold the

Computer-mediated communication

There’s only one narrow way to go out of the market. Quite inconvenient. convenience for community seldom have a stable place.

The sale space is large and comfortable, but you see, there’re two storeys above that remains useless. It can be used.

The price is cheap, yet it always takes me a long way to get the fish market.

I have a field of vegetable here for a long time. If the district were unavoidable to innovate, I hope I can still have such a kind of field to continue my


Break Down Barriers

Rebuild Connection

Expand Social Communication

Build Social Circle

Expand Social Circle

Implant New Communication Methods

Implant Urban Communication Space

2030-2040

PHASE 3

2025-2030

Implant Communication Centers

2020-2025

Reconstruct Compound Enclosure

2017-2020

PHASE 2

Reconstruct Shuncheng Lane Market

2015-2017

PHASE 1


New Market

Internet-Architecture Media

Public Library

Office


MARKET

New functions such as gardening training, pottery workshop and tea house are added into the new market. Those changes meet the demands of different people and make the traditional market a more flexible space.


PUBLIC LIBRARY

The public library solves the problems existing in the current old town of lacking cultural facilities. Through the new internet-architecture media, residents in this area would be able to find point-to-point or point-tomultipoint relationships very quickly based on their own interests.


OFFICE

Office and restaurant have similiar pattern but work in different time. With the emergence of sharing function in different time, the work pattern enables people to work in an alternative way. Such flexible work pattern let users share their ideas, re-oganized the resources of space, labour and serve.


04

BOTTOM-UP VILLAGE New Socialist Village Design 2015 Fall | Individual Work


This project seeks to a new pattern for the construction of modern new rural areas today. It returns to the fundamental idea of the Chinese traditional rural planning philosophy. The reconnection of public space and clan structure, which is missing in the construction of the New Socialist Countryside, is what we focus on. By comparising the two traditional villages in China, we extract the architectural logic which bases on Chinese traditional rural culture. This architectural logic, combining with the needs of villagers' life today, is the start point of this project.


NEW SOCIALIST COUNTRYSIDE UNDER DEVELOPMENT POLICY In 2005 the Chinese government initiated a set of policies to confront the issue of developing the countryside, constructing new rural towns with the intention of ensuring social stability. However, during the past years we can see a missing of public space system in the New Socialist Countryside program. This system is also a reflection of the clan structure in Chinese traditional rural society. Therefore, this missing leads to the unmatched relationship between the rural space and the social structure.

CHINESE ANCIENT VILLAGE UNDER TRADITIONAL PHILOSOPHY

Xiaoqi Village 787 AD Population:2364 Scale:120000m2 location: Jiangxi Provience

Located in southern and northern China, those two villages are in totally different natural conditions. By analysing the cause of traditional rural space, we focus on the social factors in spite of natural ones. We generalize the common points of the structure of public space and regard it as the foundation of Chinese traditional rural development.

Lingquan Village 206BC Population:1976 Scale:110000m2 location: Shaanxi Provience


SPACE FACTORS ANALYSIS Village and Fields

Public Center

Linear Public Space

Ancestral Hall

Countryards Inside a House

Ordinary Life

Festival Culture

Entertainment


TYPOLOGY OF PUBLIC AN

T-crossing

T-crossing

Public space inside a cluster

Public Space

Pravite space inside buildings

Residence

Patriarchal clan

Jiāng

Patriarchal distribution

Zhōu

Sūn

Zhāng

Chén

Huáng

Liǚ

Xiaoqi


ND SOCIAL RELATIONSHIPS

Lingquan

T-crossing

T-crossing

Public Space

Public space nearby crossing

Pravite space enclosured by buildings

Residence

Patriarchal distribution

Patriarchal clan

Dǎng

支 Zhī

Wáng

Cáo

Yáng

Yán

白 Baí

Táng

Zhào


HOUSE TYPES UNDER CHINESE PATRIARCHAL CLAN

Zhào

Sūn

Qián

Generation 1

Lǐ Zhào

Lǐ Sūn

Generation 2 Zhào Sūn

Zhào Zhāng

Generation 3 Sūn

Zhāng

Sūn

Sūn

Generation 4 Sūn

Zhāng

Zhāng Zhāng

Generation 5


STRATEGY: VARY THE SPACE LEVELS Disadvantage of courtyards

Over-private space

Space levels

Space levels

Method

Level 2

Level 1

Ground

Figure

Level 1

Level 2

Level 3

CLUSTER GENERATION Spatial Function Spatial Intimate Degree

Wrking Mechanism

Unit 1

Unit 2

Unit 3

Unit 4

Unit 5

Private

Farming

Storing

Singing

Meeting

Gathering

Household


SITE PLAN


SPATIAL STRUCTURE ANALYSIS


The new public space from outside village to inside house is under a structure of a coordinating system, which has a close relationships with the fields. The innate characteristics of the fields offer an opportunity to create harmonious public space and landscape. The street, square, interior spaces of the house all open onto this landspace, a landscape system consists of housing flank farmland.


05

OTHER WORKS Selected academic works and handcraft works

OTHER ACADEMIC WORKS

Residential Area Design

Teamzore 2015

2013 fall

2015 Summer

This project focuses on the sharing lifestyle in suburban area. There are many getaways in China that promise to be far from the maddening crowd. This project seeks to creat a community where the living is easy, laid-back, like the old days.

This project focuses on the relationship between people and nature. Sea is an intermediary of memory between society and nature. When it changed with the development of city, the project seeks to rebuild the connection.


HANDCRAFTS

Traditional Tie-dyeing

Handmade Pottery

2013 Summer

2014 - 2015

Bai tie-dyeing is a kind of traditional natural dyeing and a local handcraft in Dali. It shows the local worship culture in Cang Mountain and Er Lake. Also it reflects the accumulation of cultural development in Dali.

Jingdezhen pottery is a excellent representation of Chinese culture. What intrigues me most is the uncontrollability of fire in the crafting process, it feeds the craft with beauty of uniqueness.



Bachelor of Architecture portfolio 2013-2015