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50MtJ Mz;il Nehf;fp gazpf;Fk; ky;ypiff;F tho;j;Jf;fs;

ky;ypif mgpkhdp


ml;ilg;glf; Fwpg;G jPud; Mu;.vk;.nesrhj;

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md;GBd; v];.kjp. Nty;ee;jd;

rpWfij %J}u; nkhfkl; uhgp gthdp rptFkhud;

NeHfhzy; md;GBd;

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Mtzk; rpq;fsj;jpy; : tp[aJq;f> jkpopy; : m.nr.K.

nrg;nlk;gu; - 399

tpku;rdk; Nkkd;ftp

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V.vr;.vk;.eth~; ghyh rpthfud;

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mNjNtis mj;jifa #oypy; Njhd;wpa ,sk; gilg; ghspfspd; gilg;Gfspy; gilg;ghf;f Kiwikapy; mjhtJ cUtj;jpy; Fiw-epiw ,Ug;gpDk; $l> mtH jk; ghHitapy; mjhtJ mtH jk; gilg;ghf;fq;fspd; cs;slfj;jpy; r%fg; gpuf;iQ vd;gJ Fiwahj epiy apy; <oj;Jf;Fupa jdpj;Jtj;Jld; ntspg;gl;lJ. mjw;Fg; gpd;dhd fhyfl;lj;jpy; jkpofj;J jkpo; NgRk; kf;fs; re;jpf;fhj gy cf;fpukhd gpur;rpidfis <oj;Jj; jkpo; NgRk; kf;fs; vjpHnfhz;ljd; tpisthf Nkw;Fwpj;j jdpj;JtkhdJ> NkYk; $Hg;G ngw;wJ vdyhk;. mjw;F <oj;Jj; jkpo; NgRk; r%fk; nfhLj;j tpiy msg;gupaJ. $Hg;G ngw;w ,j;jdpj;Jtk; vd;gJ Gyk;ngaHe;j <oj;J jkpo; NgRk; r%f gilg;ghspfsplk; VNjhnthU tifapy; Ngzg;gl;L te;Js;sJ. ,j;jdpj;Jtj;ijj; jf;f itj;jy; vd;gJk;> NkYk; nrOik mila itj;jy; vd;gJk; ,isa jiy Kiw gilg;ghspfis top elj;JtjpYk;> nrOk;ikg; gLj;jypYk; jq;fp ,Uf;fpwJ. mt;thW top elj;jy; vd;gJk;> nrOikg;gLj;jy; vd;gJk; %j;jg; gilg;ghsp fspd; flikahfpwJ. mNjNtis <oj;Jf;Fupa jdpj;Jtj;Jld; jk;ik ntspg;gLj;jpf; nfhs;s ,isa jiyKiwg; gilg; ghspfsplk; mjw;fhd vj;jdpg;Gk;> ciog;Gk; mtrpa khdJ vd;gij ,isa jiyKiw gilg;ghspfs; epidtpy; epWj;jpf; nfhs;tJ ey;yJ. mj;jifa gzpapy; ky;ypifAk; jd;id ,izj;Jf; nfhs;Sk; vd;gjpy; cWjp mspf;fpNwhk;.

ml;ilg;glk;

~vy;NyhUk; tho;Nthk; ,dpJ| fyhg+\zk; MRftp md;GBd; - Ntu;> Kfk; fhzy; - jPud; Mu;.vk;.nesrhj; ~vy;NyhUk; tho;Nthk; ,dpJ| vd;W vOj;jpYk;> ,jaj;jpYk; ,Uj;jp thOk; xU r%f> ,yf;fpag; Nghuhsp md;GBd;. (gP.vk;.fye;jHnyg;ig) ehd;F jiyKiw ,yf;fpag; guk;giuf;F guPl;rakhd ngaH mtUilaJ. 1951,y; mk;ghiw khtl;lk; ghyKidapy; gpwe;jtu;. ~~mtH ,yf;fpak; xd;iwNa capH %r;rhff; nfhz;L tho;fpwhH. mtH vd; ,jaj;Jf;F neUf;f khdtH|| vd;W kiwe;j ftpQH rz;Kfk; rptypq;fk; Fwpg;gpl; Ls;shH. ~~fy;Kidg; gpuNjrj;J Kd;dzpf; ftpQu;fSs; md;GBDk; xUtH. xU ey;y ftpQDf;F ,Uf;f Ntz;ba r%fg; ghHit> ,yl;rpa Nehf;F> kdpjhgpkhdk; vd;gd mtuJ ftpijfspy; ntspg;glf; fhzyhk;. ,J mtiu Kf;fpa xU ftpQuhf milahsg;gLj;JfpwJ|| vd vk;.V.E/khd; tpje;Jiuj; Js;shH. ~~xU %j;j ,yf;fpa jiyKiwaplkpUe;J ehq;fs; ngw;Wf;nfhs;s Ntz;banjy;yhk; ,d;Dk; vq;fSf;Fs; flj;jpf; nfhz;bUf;fpd;whH...|| vd;W ngUntsp mg;Jy; w]hf;Fk; tpae;Js;shH. 1965fspy;> njd;fpof;F ,yf;fpa kz;zpy; XH Crpg;gapuhf Kistpl;nlOe;j md;GBd;> ,iltplh tsHr;rpaile;J> gue;J> tpupe;J> tpOJfs; tpl;L ,yf;fpa ngUtpUl;rkhfpAs;shH. Muk;g fhyj;jpy; ehlfj;Jiwapy; fhy; gjpj;jhYk;> gpd;dH ,f;fhyj; ija khu;ff ; pr rpe;jidfspd; jhf;fj;jhy; ce;jg;gl;l xU gilg; ghspahf gupzhkk; ngw;whH. RigH ,sq;fuP d;> kUJ}Hf; nfhj;jd;> vk;.V.E/khd;> rz;Kfk; rptypq;fk;> m].mg;J];]kJ> Rgj;jpud; MfpNahupd; ,yf;fpag; gilg;GfSk; mtHfsJ NjhoikAk; 




NkYk; ,tuJ gilg;Gfisf; $H ikg;gLj;jpd. mjpypUe;J xU Gul;rp fu Kw;Nghf;Ff; ftpQdhfTk;> tHf;f Kuz; g hLfSf; n fjpuhff; fpsHe; njOk; xU r%fg; NghuhspahfTk; khwpdhH. me;j ,yf;fpag; ghl;ilapy; md;GBd; ntFJ}uk; gazpj;jtH. ,iltplhj thrpg;Gk;> NjlYk; mtiuf; ftpijj;Jiwapy; kl;Lky; yhJ rpWfij> muq;fpay;> cUtfg;> ghly;> ,ir> thndhyp epfo;r;rpfs;> njhiyf;fhl;rp mspf;iffs; vd;W kjhspj;J> ngU tsHr;rp epiy fz; lhH. mtJ Xa; tw; w ,yf; f pag; gazj;jpy; 2015,y; jd; ~,yf;fpag; nghd; tpoh|itf; fhz;fpwhH.

 MRftp md;GBd;> jPAk; njd;wY khd khDl tho;tpay; El;gq;fis ,wF nfhz;Lk;> jPf;Fr;rp nfhz;Lk; vOJgtH. ~neUg;G thry;| (2011) vd;w jdJ rpWfijj; njhFjpa+lhf mtH ekf;F> khDl tHf;f Kuz;ghLfspd; gy thry;fisj; jpwe;J fhl;bapUf; fpwhH. jdJ Kw;Nghf;fhd tho;tpay; Nghuhl;lj;jpy; re;jpj;j cyfg; ghj;jpuq; fspd; Kf%bfisf; fow;wpj; jdJ ~Kfq; fs; | (1988) vd;w ftpijj; njhFjpapy; mk;gyg;gLj;jp> me;j Kfq;fspd; rpWikj;jdk; fz;L rPwp apUf;fpwhH. ~vy;NyhUk; tho;Nthk; ,dpJ| vd;w jdJ jsuhj jhuf trdj;jpd; jd;ikf;Nfw;g cd;djkhd kdpjupd; tho;tpaiyj; jdJ ~mf;fiug;gw;W md;id kfpo;fpwhs;| (1982) vd;w

FWq;fhtpa E}ypy; tuyhwhf tbj; jpUf;fpwhH. jtpu> jdJ ePz ;l jdpg;gl;l ,yf;fpa murpay; gazq;fspd; mD gtq; f isAk; > Nghuhl; l j; i jAk; fye;J cuk;n gw;w rpe;jidfspd; ntspg;ghLfis ~rhkiuapy; nkhop fye;J| (2012) vd;w jd; ftpijj; njhFjpapy; ek;Kld; el;GupikAld; gfpHe; J nfhz;b Uf; f pwhH. ~Ie; J J}z;fs;| (2000) vd;w ftpijj; njhF jpapy; jd;idj; jhNd Ra Mj;kPf tprhuiz nra;J nfhs;fpwhH.

 1982,y; it.vk;. vk;.V.Njrpaf; fTd;rpy; elj;jpa mfpy ,yq;if uPjpahd ftpijg; Nghl;bapy; fpilj;j Kjw; gupRld;> rHtNjrf; $l;LwT jpd tpoh ftpijg; Nghl;bapYk; fpilj;j Kjw; gupRk; NrHe;J xNu Mz;by; md;GBdpd; ftpjhyaj;jpd; fjTfisj; jl;bd. mNj Nghl;bapy; Nkil ehlfj;jpYk; Kjw; gupR ntd; whH. jtpuTk;> fpof;F khfhz rig r%f Nritfs; mikr;R elj;jpa fyhrhu tpoh (2011) khfhz uPjpap yhd ftpijg; Nghl;bapYk; Kjw; gupR fpilj;jJ. NkYk; 1983,y; %d; W gupRfs;! ftpij> Nkil ehlfk;> muq;fpay; Mfpa Jiwfspy; ,e;j MRftpiag; ghuhl;bf; nfsu tpj;jd. 1993 ,y; rk;khe;Jiw kf;fs; fiy tl;lk; elj;jpa Nk jpdf; ftpijg; Nghl;bapy; ,uz;lhk; gupR ngw;whH. mk;ghiw khtl;l rhfpj;jpa ,yf;fpa tpoh ehlfg; gpujpg; Nghl;b apy; ,tUf;F ,uz;lhk; gupR fpilj; jJ. (1983) ,yq;i f ,];y hkpa





,yf;fpa Ma;tfKk;> jpdf;Fuy; gj;jp upifAk; ,ize;J elj;jpa rHtNjr kuGf; ftpijg; Nghl;bapy; 2009,y; rpwg;Gg; gupR ngw;whH. 1998,y; Nguh jid gy;fiyf; fofj;jpd; rq;fPj ehl;ba rq;fk; elj;jpa rpWfijg; Nghl;bapy; rpwg;Gg; gupR ,tUf;Fupj; jhdJ. ,d;Dk; Fwpg;gplj;jf;f gy ,yf;fpa nfsutq;fSk; md;GBdpd; vOj; J yff; Nflaq; f shf kpspH fpd;wd. 2008,y; mk;ghiw khtl;l nra yf rhfpj;jpa tpohtpy; nfsutpf;fg; gl;L ~jpfhkLy;y mgpkhdp tpUJ| ngw;whH. 1999,y; mfpy ,yq;if K];ypk; yPf; thypg Kd;dzpapduhy; ~ftpj;jhuif| gl;lkspf;fg;gl;lhH. 2000 Mk; Mz;L nfhOk;G g;upaepyh fiy fyhrhug; Nguitapdupd; ~,yf;fpa khkzp| tpUJk;> 2007,y; ~jpdr;RlH| gj;jpupifapd; tUlhe;j rpwe;j ftpQH tpUJk; (BEST POET) fpilj;jd. 2007,y; ml;lhisr;Nrid gpuNjr nrayf fyhrhu ngUtpohtpy; nghd; dhil NghHj;jpf; nfsutpf;fg;gl;lhH. 2009,y; epe;jt+H MH.Nf. kPbah fiy Qu; nfsutpg;G tpohtpy; md;GBDf;F ~ftpr;nrk;ky;| tpUJ toq;fg;gl;lJ. 1974,y; ghujp E}w;whz;Lf; ftp auq;F> jpUkiy vOj;jhsH khehl;by; 1975,y; rpWfij muq;F> 1997,y; Njrpa kPyhj; tpohf; ftpauq;F> 1998 ,y; my;yhkh ,f;ghy; Njrpa khehL ftpauq;F> 2000Mk; Mz;L cyf ,];yhkpa ,yf;fpa khehl;L ftp auq;F vd;W md;GBdpd; gq;fspg;G tpupe;j gy muq;Ffspd; Ma;tfkh fNt cs;sd. 2002,y; &gth`pdp> 2011,y; tre;jk;> Nej;uh njhiyf;

fhl;rpfs;> ,yq;if thndhypapd; fiyf;Nfhyk;> Kj;Jg;ge;jy; Mfpad md;GBdpd; MSikfisAk; mDg tq;f isAk; NeaHfSld; gfpHe;J nfhz;ld.

 ml;lhisr;Nrid ftpjhya(k;) fiy ,yf;fpa kz;lyj;jpd; ];jhg fj; jiytuhf> mk;ghiw khtl;l mfpy ,yq;if K];ypk; yPf; thypg Kd;dzpapd; jiytuhf> vOthd; gj;jpupif ntspaPl;Lg; gzpfj; jiy tuhf> Njrpa If;fpa ClftpayhsH xd;wpaj; jtprhsuhf> ml;lhisr; Nrid kf;fs; rf;jp mikg;gpd; jtprh suhf> ghyKid g+Q;Nrhiy vOj; jhsH kd;w ];jhgfuhf> njd;fpof;F fyhrhug; Nguit nrayhsuhf> fy; Kid Gjpa gwitfs; ftpjh kz;l yr; nrayhsuhf> ,yq;if Kw; Nghf;F vOj;jhsH rq;f fy;Kidf; fpis nraw;FO cWg;gpduhf> fy; Kid vOj;jhsH rq;f cWg;gpduhf ,g;gbg; gy ,yf;fpag; nghJ mikg; Gf;fspy; <Lgl;L Xa;T xopr;ryw;w fiy ,yf;fpag; gzpfs; Mw;wptUk; md;GBd;> njd;fpof;F kz;zpd; XH cd;dj ,yf;fpa eP&w;W. xU r%f ,af;fkhf Muk;gpj;j =yq;fh K];ypk; fhq;fpu]; ,af; fj;jpy;> jdJ ,yf;fpaj; Njhouhd kiwe;j jiytH ftpQu; jpyfk; vk;. vr;. vk;. m~; u/g; mtHfspdhy; Neupilahf ,izf;fg;gl;l mjd; Muk;gfhyg; Nghuhsp MthH. mtuJ murpay; Nghuhl;l tho;T jdpahf Muha;e;J njhFf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;.



 


md;GBd; ghly;fis ,g;gFjp apd; %d;W ghlrhiyfs; jk; ghl rhiyf; fPjq;fshff; nfhz;Ls;sd. Nfhl;lf; fy;tpf; fPjKk; mtUil aNj. mtuJ vOJNfhy; jlk; gjpj;j ,yq;if - kw;Wk; rHtNjr Clfq; fspy; ntspahd E}y; tpkHrdq;fs;> NeHfhzy;fs;> ,yf;fpar; re;jpg;Gs;> Nkilf; ftpauq; Ffs;> thndhyp xypgug;Gfs; kw; Wk; rpWfijfs;> ftpijfs;> Nkil thndhyp ehlfq; fs;> cUtff; fijfs;> nky;ypirg; ghlyfs; vd;W ekf;F %r;R Kl;L ksTf;F mtuplk; Ftpe;Js;sd.

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jpizf;fsk; 2009,y; ~fyhg+~zk;| tpUJ mspj;jJ.

ftpij

 ~ngUntsp| rQ;rpifapy; ntsp te;j ~Vl;by; vOjp itj;Njd;| vd;Dk; ,yf;fpa tprhuizfisg; gw;wpa ,tuJ gj;jpj; njhlH gyupd; ftdj; ijg; ngw;w xd;whFk;. ,j;njhlH NkYk; vOjg;g l;L E}YUthf;f g; gLjy; Ntz;Lk; vd;gJ ,yf;fpathjp fsJ vjpHghHg;G. vjpHfhy Njit fUjp> fyh g+~zk; MRftp md;GBd; 50 tUl ,yf;fpar; nry;newpapd; Mjhuf; $W fshf cs;s Nkw;gb midj;J Mf;f ,yf;fpag; gzpfSk;> gq;fspg;GfSk; mtuJ ~,yf;fpag; nghd;tpoh| mz; kpf;Fk; ,f;fhyg;gFjpapy; vz;zpkg; gLj;jg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. ,J mtrpaj; Njit. xU r%f> ,yf;fpag; Nghuhsp apd; Ratpguf;Nfhit mJ.

\_oçï sáDë sëD ¸[ ¶âç¦ (ïéì)

d

¸[ c^ ¶âç¦ (ïéì)

10,000 /d

d

5,000/d

x[ c^ ¶âç¦ (ïéì)

d

5,000/d

¸[ c^ ¶âç¦ (ﮩA/Øk^çá)

d

4,000/d

x[ c^ ¶âç¦ (ﮩA/Øk^çá) c^ x¿ ÃÂïD ﮩA Øk^çá c^ ¶ç«© ÃÂïD ﮩA Øk^çá 

d

4,000/d d

1500/d d



750/d

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


rpWfij

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

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




~~`Nyh mf;fh! nfhQ;rk; epg;ghl; Lq;f!" rl;nld; W fpilj;j ,il ntspf;Fs;Ns mjpubahfg; GFe;J mjl;ly; Nghl;L mtupd; runtbia xUthW epWj;jpNdd;. ~~mf;fh> ePq;f ,g;g gj;J epkprkh vd;l nrytpyjhd; vdf;Nf Vrpf; nfhz;bUf;fpwPq;f njupAkh? jaT nra;J nfhQ;rk; ePq;fs; ahU? ,g;g vd;d tprak; rk;ge;jkh Vrpf;nfhz; bUf;fpwPq;f vd;L nrhy;ypg; Nghl;L VRwPq;fsh?" vd;wJk; rpy tpdhbfs; nksdj;jpd; gpd;G kWKidapd; njhlu;G mWe;J NghdJ. ~~mjl;lYf;F gae;jpl;lhuh> my; yJ jpUk;g Nuhrj;jpNy jd;Dila nrytpy; Vrg;Nghfpwhuh Gupatpy;iy. ,njd; d tk; G lh ,J?|| vd; W Nghid clNd mizj;Jr; rl;ilg; igapDs; Nghl;Lf; nfhz;Nld;. kdk; epk;kjpapy;yhky; jtpj;jJ. miwia tpl;L ntspNawp gs;sp thriy Nehf;fp ele;Njd;. Foha; ePupy; Kfk;> if fhy;fisr; Rj;jk; nra;j gpd; mjpfhiyj; njhOifia epiw Ntw;wptpl;L njhOiff;$lj;jpd; xU gf;fr; RtNuhukhf rha;e;J mku;e;J nfhz;Nld;. ,g;NghJ kdk; rpwpJ Nyrhf ,Ue;jJ Nghy czu;e;Njd;. 'ahu; ,t? Vd; ,g;gb xNuab ahfj; Js;Swh? mg;gb vd;djhd; ele; jpUf; Fk; ?|| vd;W epjhdkhf Nahrpj;j NghJjhd; me; jg; ngz; NghdpNy rw;W Kd;G $wpa thu;j; ijfs; epidTf;F te;jd. ',Q;r ghUq;f vq;fl gps;isfs; nghk;gpisg; gps;isfs;. rpd;dJfs;.

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

thdk; ntSj;jpUe;jJ. gs;sp tshfj; jpNy ,uz;nlhU fhu;fSk; Ntd; fSk; rpy nyhwpfSk; jupj;Jf; fple; jd. mtw;wpd; Kd;Gwf; fz;zhhb fspNy ,uT nga;jgdp gbe;J fple; jJ. gpujhd tPjpapy; thfdq;fs; xd;iwnahd;W Juj;jpf;nfhz;bUf;f gs;spthrYf;F vjpNuapUe;j NjdPu;f; filapypUe;J eh$u; `dPghtpd; ,];yhkpa fPjk; xd;W fhw;wpy; gutp te;jJ. Kw;wj;jpypUe;j kzy; Ftpaypd; kPJ mku;eJ ; nfhz;Nld;. kdk; fhuz kpy;yhj gjl;lj;jpypUe;jhYk; epjh dj;ij tutioj;Jf; nfhz;L me;jf; FWQ;nra;jpfis mit te;j xOq;fp NyNa mbapypUe;J xt;nthd;whfj; jpwe;J gbf;fyhNdd;. ~~N]u;> ePq;f rhg;gpl;Bq;fsh?" vd;W jkpo; vOj;JfspNy tprhupj;jJ KjyhtJ FWQ;nra;jp. vdf;F tUk; FWQ;nra;jpfs; nghJthf Mq;fpyj; jpy; kl;Lk;jhd; tUtjdhy; vdJ njhiyNgrpapNy jkpo; vOj;Jfspy; nra;jp mDg;Gk; trjpia ehd; ngw;wp Uf;ftpy;iy. NahridAld; mLj;j nra;jp iag; ghu;j;jhy;> ~~Nru; ePq;f Nehk;G gpbf;fpwPqf ; sh?" vd;W Nfl;lJ. ~~,uT te;jdq;fs; Nru;!"; vd;wJ xd;W. ~~Vd; Nru; jhbia vLj;jpl;Bq;f?" vd;wJ kw;nwhd;W. ~~Nru; tpQ;Qhd nl];lb ; y ePq;f nrhd;d Nfs;tpfs; te;jJ!" ,g;gbNa rhjhuz Rftprhupg;Gf;fshf Muk;gpj;J nky;y nky;y... ~~Vd; Nru; ,g;gbnay;y hk; mrpq;fkha; gjpy; message NghLwPq;f?" vd;Wk; 'Nru; kup ahij kpf Kf;fpak;" vd;Wk; gpd;G> ~~Nru; ePq;f ef;fy; mbf;fpw khjpup

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




~~vd;d kh];lu; jk;gp> CUf;Fg; Ngha; te;jhr;rh?" vd;W Nfl;lgb njhOiff; $lj;jpypUe;J fPNo ,wq;fp te;J Ntfkhf elf;f Muk;gpj;jhu; Kmj;jpdhu;. ~~X! Xk; ehdh..! ]`u; nrQ;r ifNahl g]; VwpdJjhd;" vd;W gjpy; $wpNdd;. tNahjpguhd mtUf;F ,uj;j mOj;j tpahjp ,Ug;gjhy; tpbe;jJk; gs;spthry; tshfj;ijr; Rw;wpr; rpy tisaq;fs; elg;gJ toik. md; iwa jpdk; gs;spthry; tshfj;jp Ds;Ns nyhwpfs;> Ntd;fs;> fhu;fs; vd;W mjpfkhd thfdq;fs; jupj;J epd;wpUe;jjhy; mtuJ eilf;Fj; jlq; fy;fs; mjpfkpUe;jd. ,jdhy; mtu; rw;Wr; rpukg;gl;Nl eilg;gapw;rpiar; nra;J nfhz;bUe;jhu;. mtu; elf;Fk; jpirapNy rw;Wj; Jhuj;jpy; epd;wpUe;j xNu khjpupahd ,U mofhd Gjpa fhu;fs; vd; fz;zpy; gl;ld. mU fUNf epd;wpUe;j me;jf; fhu;fspy; xd;W mlu;gr;ir epwj;jpYk; kw;iw aJ ntspu; kQ;rs; epwj;jpYk; ,Ue;jd. mg;n ghOJjhd; vdJ %is apNy rl;nld xU kpd;dy; gspr; rpl;lJ. xUNtis Nghdpy; VrpaJ me;j ~g;sf; mz;l; itw;|]pd; jhahf ,Uf; FNkh? mtu; fijj;j tplaq;fisAk; vdf;F te;jpUe;j nkN][;fisAk; ghu;f;Fk; NghJ epr;rak; vdJ mD khdk; rupnad;Wjhd; Njhd;wpaJ. efiu mz;bAs;s fpuhkk; xd; wpNy ehd; fw;gpf;Fk; jdpahu; bA+l;lup

apy; xd;gjhk; tFg;gpNy gbf; Fk; ,ul;ilr; rNfhjupfshd ,U khztp fisj;jhd; ~g;sf; mz;l; itw;];| vd;gJ. Mdhy; Ntbf;if vd;dntd; why; ,UtiuAk; fhz;gpj;J ,ul; ilr; rNfhjupfs; vd;W njupahjtu; fs; ahuplkhtJ nrhy;fpd;Nwhk; vd;W itj;Jf; nfhs;Sq;fs;. mijf; Nfl;g tu;fs; tpOe;J tpOe;J rpupg;ghu;fs;. me;jsTf;F me;j ,U ngz; gps;isfsplKk; epwk; Njhw;wk; Fzk; Kjw;nfhz;L mj;jidapYk; tpj;jp ahrq;fs;jhd; mjpfk;. Mk;> xUj;jp ghy;Nghy gspr;n rd;W ,Ue;jhy; kw;w ts; fd;d q; fNuy; fUq; fhyp epwj;jpypUg;ghs;. xUj;jpf;F mofhd ngupa tpopfs; vd;why; kw;wtSf;F ahidf; Fg;N ghy rpwpa fz; fs;. xUj;jp vd; Dila ghlj;jpy; gL nfl;bf;fhup. Mdhy; kw;wtNsh rhjh uz ufk;. xUj;jp ntF epjhdkhdt nsd;why; kw;wts; gL gugug;ghdts;. mg;gbnahU tpNehjkhd Nru;f;if As;s ,ul;ilau;fshf mtu;fis ,iwtd; gilj;jpUe;jhd;. mjdhy; jhd; mtu; f is ~g; s f; mz; l ; itw;]|; vd;gJ. mg;gbr; nrhd;dhy; jhd; vy;NyhUf;Fk; njupAk;. me;jg; ngz;fs; Mrpupau;fs; vy; NyhUlDk; kpifahd mf;fiwAld; goFtjw;F mtu;fspUtupd; jhapd; fijjhd; fhuzk;. mij xUehs; bA+l;lupg; nghWg;ghsu; vd;dplk; tpgu khff; $wp Kbj;jNghJ VNjh 70fspy; ntspte;j xU gioa jkpo; my;yJ `pe;jp jpiug;glj; jpd; fijiaf; Nfl;gJ NghypUe;jJ.



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me; j j; jha; xU ghlrhiy khztpahf ,Ue;j fhyj;jpNy gUtf; NfhshW fhuzkhf jdJ ngw;Nwhupd; tpUg;g j;jpw;F vjpuhf Xu; ,is Qidf; fhjypj;J tPli ; l tpl;L ntsp Nawp mtid kzKbj;jpUe;jhuhk;. kdKjpu;r;rpaw;w tajpNy jpUkz tho;it Muk;gpj;j fhuzj;jpdhNyh vd;dNth ,UtUf;FkpilNa ,Ue;j ,sk;tajpd; ftu;r;rpfs; jPu;e;jJk; me;jj; jpUkz ge;jk; rpy khjq;fSf; Fs;NsNa KbTf;F tuNtz;bajhfpg; Nghdjhk;. jd;id ek;gp tPli ; l tpl;L te;jtisf; fu;g;gpzpahf;fpa me;j nghWg;gw;w ,isQd; mtisf; if tpl;L vq;Nfh nrd;Wtpl epuhjuth dhs; ekJ ,ul;ilfspd; jha;. ngw; NwhuplKk; jpUk;gpr; nry;y Kbahj epiyapNy NtW topapd; w p jw; nfhiyf;F Kad;wtis mjpH];l trkhf ghlrhiy Mrpupiaahd xU taJ Kjpu;e;j fj;Njhypf;fg; ngz; Jwtpjhd; fhg;ghw;wpapUe;jhuhk;. ekJ ~g;sf; md;l; itw;]|; gpwf; Fk; tiuapNy jdJ Mya tpLjp apNy milf; fyk; nfhLj; jpUe;j me;jg; ngz; Jwtp njhz;L epWtd nkhd;wpd; cjtpNahL mtu;fSf;F tPL xd;iwf; fl;bj; je;jNjhL jhd; kuzkilAk; tiu jhiaAk; ,ul; ilf; Foe;ijfisAk; jdJ guhkupg; gpNyNa itj;jpUe;jhu;. ,jdpilNa xUehs; kidtp iaf; iftpl;Lr; nrd;w ,isQd; kdk; jpUe;jp jdJ kfs;fshfpa ,ul; i lr; rpWkpfisg; gw; w pAk; Nfs;tpAw;W mtu;fisf; fhz jpUk;gp te;jpUe;jhdhk;. Mdhy; Jujp~;l trkhf mtd; tPl;Lf;F te;j rpwpJ

Neuj;jpNyNa re;N jfj;jpd; Ngupy; rPUilf; fhtyu;fshy; nfhz;L nry; yg;gl;L tpl;lhdhk;. mjd; gpwF mtidg; gw;wpa jftNy ,y;yh jpUe;jjhk;. vt;tsNth Kad;Wk; mtid vq;Nf nfhz;L Nghdhu;fs; vd;W mwpaNt Kbatpy;iyahk;. ekJ ehl;bd; fhzhky; NghNdhu; fspd; gl;baypy; mtDk; ,lk;gpbj;J tpl;lhdhk;. #o; e piy fhuzkhf me; j j; jhAk; rNfhjupfSk; tWikAld; NghuhbNa tsu;ej ; pUe;jhu;fshk;. mjd; gpwF gy tUlq;fshf $yp Ntiy fisr; nra;J jdJ ,U ngz;fis Ak; tsu;j;J te;jhuhk; me;jg; ngz;. mtu;f spd; epiyikia mwpe;J vq;fs; bA+l;lup nghWg;ghsu; mtu; fsplk; fl;lzk; $l mwtpLtjpy;iy ahk;. ePz ;lfhykhf je;ij vd; w Mzpd; JizAk; mutizg;Gk; ,d;wpNa tho;eJ ; tUtjhy;jhd; me;j ,ul;ilr; rNfhjupfs; jk;kJ P mf;fiw Ald; fw;gpf;Fk; Mz; Mrpupau;fsplk; mjPj md;Gupik ghuhl;Lfpd;w ,ay;G fisr; rw;Wj; Jhf;fyhfNt nfhz;b Uf;fpd;whu;fshk; vd;W mtu;fspd; fijiaf; $wp Kbj;jhu; nghWg;ghsu;. me;j khztpfspd; mDjhgk; NjLk; ,ay;Gfs; Fwpg;gpl;l Neuj;jpw; Fs; ghlq;fisf; fw;gpj;J Kbf;f Ntz; b a mtruj; j py; ,Uf; F k; vdf;F rpyNtisfspNy njhy;iy aha; $l mike;J tpLtJz;L. mg; gbahd NtisfspNy ,Nyrhf mtu;fspUtiuAk; fbe;J nfhz;Lk; tpLNtd;. mg;gb VjhtJ nra;J tpl; lhy; NghJk; ,ul;ilr; rNfhjupfspd; Kfq;fs; ntl;bg;Nghl;l thioapiy



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Nghy Jtz;L njhq;fp tpLk;. tPl;Lf; Fg; NghdJk; mog; N ghFk; mO ifia jq;fsJ fz;fspNy mil fhj;J itj;jpUg;ghu;fs; ,UtUk;. k P z ; L k; gi o a e p i y i a mila rpy ehl;fshFk;. mJtiu vd;NdhL rpW Cly; nfhz;L Ngrh ky; jpupthu;fs;. rpyNtisfspNy tFg;gpNy fz;fs; fyq;fp mOtJk; $l elf;Fk;. ehDk; mijf; ftdpf; fhjJ NghyNt ,Ue;J tpLNtd;. cz ; i kapNy Na vdf ; f pUf ; F k; Ntiyg; gStpy; ,ijnay;y hk; ftdpf;f Kbtjpy;iyahapDk; mtu; fsJ FLk;g epiyia mwpe;jpUe;j jhy; kdjpd; rpW%iyapNy nky;ypa mDjhgk; ,Ue;J nfhz;Nl ,Uf; Fk;. mjdhy; $ba tpiutpNyNa me;jf; nfl;bf;fhug; ngz;fis mtu; fsJ gbg;ig epidj;jhtJ VjhtJ cau;thfg; Ngrp ,ay;G epiyf;Ff; nfhz;L te;J tpLNtd;. me;j ,ul;ilr; rNfhjupfsplk; Vd; ehd; ,g;gbnay;yhk; mDjhg kha; ele;J nfhs;fpd;Nwd; vd;gJ vdJ tFg;gpNy fw;Fk; gy khztu; fSf;Fk; rpy khztpfSf;Fk; Gupt jpy;iy. ,jdhy; mtu;fspy; rpyu; Jzpe;J> ~~Nru;> ePq;f ~g;shf; mz;l; itl;]|; f;Fg; gaq;fu ]g;Nghu;lj ; hNd N]u;?" vd;W nry;yf; Nfhgj;NjhL vd;idf; fyha;g;gJKz;L. c lNd ehDk; f Likah d rpe;jid tag;gl;lJ Nghy ghrhq;F nra;J> ~~gps;isfNs... ftdpAq;fs;! xU Mrhd; vdg;gLgtu; mtuJ khz;G kpF khztr; nry; t q; fs; midtUf;Fk; nghJthdtu; vd;W

,iyFio MilALj;J jhb kPir itj;jpUe;j ekJ Kd;Ndhu;fshfpa fhl;Lkpuhz;bfs; fy;ntl;Lf;fspNy vOjp tpl;Lr; nrd;wpUf;fpd;whu;fs;; njupANkh?" vd;W jpBnudr; nre;jkp opy; Ngrp mtu;fisg; gjpYf;Ff; fyha;gN ; gd;. clNd tFg;Ng Rthu]; akhfp tpLk;. ~~N]u;> vdf;nfhU re;Njfk;! fy; ntl;L vOJk; NghJ gpio tpl;lh vij tr;R Nru; mopr;rpUg;ghq;f?" vd;ghd; xU thy; igad;. ~~mJjhNd! vij tr;R mopr; rpUg;ghq;f?" vd;Ngd; ehDk; cz;ik ahd re;Njfj;NjhL. ~~mopr;rpUf;fNt khl;lhq;f N]u;!" vd;ghs; xUj;jp. ~~k;k;... mg;gbah Nrjp? Mfh! vg;gpb ,sturpNa ,t;tsT Mzpj; jukhf mbj;Jr; nrhy;fpwPu;fs;?" vd; Ngd; ehDk; ieahz;b Fiwahky;. ~~mJte;J N]u;... gpio tpl;lh kl;Lk; vd;d> gpd;dhy thwtq;fSf; Fg; Gupath NghFJ vd;L epidr;rp Ngrhk tpl;bUg;ghq;f N]u;" vd;ghs; mts;. nkhj;j tFg;GNk rpup rpupnadr; rpupj;J fyfyg;ghfp tpLk;. ~~vd;d jk;gp jdpa.. ,Ue;J... M!.. ,g;gpb... kdRf;Fs;s rpupf; fpwP q;f...?" vd;w gb kPz ;Lk; vd; Kd;Nd te;J epd;w hu; Kmj;jpd;. eilg;gapw;rpahy; %r;R thq;fpaJ mtUf;F. ~~Vd; ehdh ,g;gb Nehd;igAk; Gbr;rpf;fpl;L clk;ig tUj;jpwPq;f?"





~~vd;d jk;gp nra;AwJ Nghd f;spdpf;fpy lhf;Fj;ju; nrhy;ypg; Nghl; lhd; xt;nthU ehSk; fhiyapy elf;fhl;bq; M! mjhyjhd; Nehk; ngy;yhk; ghu;ff ; VyhJ thg;gh...! mJ rup Nghd fhupak; vd;dhr;R?" vd;W Nfl;lhu;. fly; Fspf;fr; nrd;W ePupy; %o; fpa Cu; ,isQu;fspd; tpguj;ij nghWikahfr; nrhy;yp Kbj;Njd;;. ~~ah my;y h`;! ,e;j Nehk;G fhyj;JyAk; ,g;gpbj; Njhzpia vLj;jpl;Lg; Ngha; fly;y tpisahbr; rhtZkh...? ahu; u Gs; i sfs; thg;gh... mJ? rpd;dg; gaYtsh?" ~~Mq;... %Z NgUk; Jhuj;Jr; nrhe;jf;fhuq;fjhd; ehdh. xUtd; u[P];> 28 taR... kw;wtd; ]`Pu;> kp];gh nuz;L NgUf;Fk; 19 taR ,e;j tUrk; Vnay; vLf;fpw nghb ad;fs;!" ~~mg; g pbah ghtNk?" vd; w Kmj;jpd; jpBnudj; jpUk;gp> ~~vd;d Ngu; thg;gh nrhd;dPq;f...?" vd;W Mr;rupakha;f; Nfl;lhu;. ~~Vd; ehdh?" vd;Nwd; mtuJ Mr;r upaj;ijg; ghu;j; J. ~~,y; y ... ,y;y vq;fNah Nfs;tpg;gl;l NgU khjpup ,upf;FNjz;Ljhd; ghj;jd;." vd;W VNjh nrhy;y thnaLj;jtiu mg;NghJ ghu;j;J gs;spthrypy; epd; wpUe;j thfdk; N`hd; mbj;Jf; $g; gplNt mtrukhfr; nrd;W tpl;lhu; mtu;. Kmj;jpd; NtiyfNshL gs;sp thrypy; jupj;J epw;Fk; thfdq;fspd; gz t#y; NtiyfisAk; mtNu jhd; ftdpj;Jf; nfhs;tjhy; vg; NghJNk ,g;gbj;jhd; ghtk;. Xahj

Ntiy mtUf;F. gs;spf; fpzw;w bf;Fr; nrd;W Fspj;J Kbj;J guPl;irj;jhs; Maj; jk; nra;tjw;fhf miwiag; G+l;bf; nfhz;L nghJ Ehyfj;jpw;Fg; Gwg;gl; Nld; . NghFk; topapNy me; j g; ngz;iz NghdpNy mioj;J xU Kiw tplaj;ij tpsf;fkhfg; Ngrpg; ghu;jj ; hnyd;d vd;W$l Nahrpj;Njd;. Mdhy; Rk;kh fple;jij cRg;Ngw;wp tpl;lJ Nghyhfp tpLNkh? vd;Wk; gae; Njd;. vjw;Fk; nfhQ;rk; tpl;Lg; gpbg; Nghk; vd;W jPu;khdpj;Jf; nfhz;lt dhf g];]pNy VwpNdd;.

*** nghJ Ehyfj;jpd; crhj;Jizg; gFjpapy; ehd; guPl;irf;Fupa tpdhj; jhs; jahupg;gpNy Kk;Kukhf ,Ue; Njd;. Mdhy; mg;NghJk; $l mjp fhiyapNy vd;id Vrpa Kfk; njup ahj ngz;zpd; vz;zkhfNt ,Ue; jJ. VNjh xU tpguPjk; elf;ff; fhj; jpUg;gJ NghyNt kdk; mikjpapd;wp cod;wJ. ',unty; y hk; G+l;b f; fple; j miwf;Fs;Ns fple;j NghDf;F mtu; fsJ NghdpypUe;J nkN][;fs; te; jpUf;fpd;wJ vd;why; vd;id Vd; VR fpd;whu;fs;?" vd;w Nahrid kPzL ; k; kPz; Lk; vd;idf; nfhd;W jpd;W nfhz;bUe;jJ. me;j nkN][;fspNy $l ~~Vd; Nru; ,g;gbnay;yhk; mrpq;f kha; gjpy; vOJfpwPu;fs;?" vd;Wk; 'Nru; kupahij kpf Kf;fpak;" vd;Wk; ,Ue;jJ epidTf;F te;jJ. mg;gb ah dh y; > vdJ Nghd pypUe; J k; nkN][; NghapUf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;W



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jhNd mu;jj ; k;;. Mdhy; ahUkpy;yhj miwf;Fs;Ns fple;j NghdpypUe;J vg; g b nkN][; NghFk; . ? vd; W Nahrpj;jthW ntF ,ay;ghf vdJ NghdpYs;s send message gFjpf;Fr; nrd;W ghu;j;Njd;;. mJTk; epiwe;Jjhd; fple;jJ. rup vd;W vd;dhy; mDg;gg;gl;b Ue;j gioa nra;jpfisg; ghu;ff ; yhk; vd;W nrhLf;fpaJjhd; jhkjk;. ik fhl;! vd; fz;fisNa ek;g Kba tpy;iy. me;jg; ngz;zpd; ,yf;fj; jpw;F kl;Lk; 19 nkN][;fs; - mit mj;jidAk; thrpf;fNt $Rk; gL Mghrkhd nfhr;irahd nkN][;fs; mDg;gg;gl;bUe;jJ njupa te;jJ. mJTk; New;wpuT ehd; kuz tPl;bNy ,Ue;j rkaj;jpNy! mg;gbahdhy;... New;W kjpak; ehd; kwe;JNgha; miwapNy tpl;Lr; nrd;w nry;Nghid ahNuh ifahz;b Uf;fpwhu;fs; vd; WjhNd mu;j;jk;? Mdhy;> mJ vg;gbr; rhj;jpak;? G+l;bapUe;j miwf;Fs;Ns te;J ,ij ahu; nra;jpUf;f KbAk;? mg;gb te;jtu;fs; Vwj;jho vz;gjpdhapuk; &gh ngWkjpahd ,e;j ntspehl;L Nghidj; jpUbr; nry;yhky; Vd; ,g; gb vdJ khztpfspd; ,yf;fj;Jf;F Mghrr; nra;jp mDg;gpapUf;f Ntz; Lk;? mg;gbahdhy; vdf;F Ntz;L nkd;Nw nfl;l ngaiu Vw;gLj;jpj; juNtz;L nkd;W epidf;Fk; ahNuh ,q;Nf ,Uf;fpd;whu;fsh? vdf;Fg; ga Kk; gpukpg;Gkhfr; Nru;e;J jiyiar; Rw;wpaJ. rpwpJ Neuk; gpuik gpbj; jtd; Nghy mg;gbNa mku;e;jpUe; Njd;.

,y;iy! ,ij ,g;gbNa tplf; $lhJ. cldbahff; fz;Lgpbj;Nj MfNtz;Lk; vd;w MNtrk; ce;jpj; js;s vy;yhtw;iwAk; epWj;jptpl;L g];i]g; gpbj;J kPz;Lk; ehd; jq;fp apUe;j gs;spthry; thlif miwf;F te;J Nru;e;Njd;. me;jg; gpuNjrNk Ms; elkhl;lk; Fiwe;J mikjpah apUe;jJ. miwiaj; jpwf;f Kd;G mjd; fjitAk; G+l;ilAk; Nehl;lkpl; Nld;. mit vy;yhNk NtW ahUk; jpwf;f KbahjsTf;Fg; ghJfhg;ghfj; jhd; ,Ue;jd. vd;idj; jtpu K mj;jpdhuplk;jhd; ,e;j miwf;Fupa kw;nwhU jpwg;G cs;sJ. mJTk; ehNdjhd; xU Kw;fhg;Gf;fhf mt uplk; nfhLj;J itj;jpUe;jJ. mg;gbahdhy; Kmj;jpd; ehdh itj; j hd; re; N jfg; g Ltjh> Nr! mtUf;F ,g;gbr; nra;a Ntz;ba Njit vd;d? mj;NjhL rhjhuz njhiyNgrpNa mjpfk; ghtpj;jwpahj tNahjpgu; mtu;. mg;gbahdhy; ahu; ,e;j rjp Ntiyiar; nra;jpUg;ghu; fs;? fz;Zf;Fj; njupahky; nray; gLk; vdJ vjpupfNshLjhdh ,j; jid ehSk; ,e;j ,lj;jpNy ehd; ,Ue;J nfhz;bUf;fpd;Nwd; vd;W vz;zpaNghJ clnyy;yhk; cs;Su eLq;fpaJ vdf;F. kdnky;yhk; ntWikahfp fhy; fs; gykpoe;jJ NghypUf;f miw iaf; $lj; jpwf;fhky; mg;gbNa thr ypNy mku;e;J nfhz;Nld;. rw;Wj; Jhuj;jpy; Kmj;jpd; vd;id Nehf;fp te;J nfhz;bUg;gJ njupe;jJ. ~~jk;gP te;jpl;Bq;fsh?" vd;wthW vd;id Nehf;fp te;jhu; Kmj;jpd;.





~~fhyk; nghwapyUe;J xq;fsj; jhNd jk;gp Njbf;fpl;bUf;Nfd;. tpbag; Gwk; nrhy;y nedr;rpf;fpl;L ,Ue; Njd;. mJf;Fs;Ns te;J vq;fNah Fu;ghd; ML jf;g Pu; gz;w Jf;Ff; $l;bf;fpl;Lg; Nghapl;lhDfs;. jpUk;gp te;J ghj;jh xq;fs fhzy;ypNa." ~~vd;d tprak; ehdh?" vd;Nwd; frg;Gld;. ~~jk;gP> Nej;J fhyk;gw eP q;f CUf;Fg; Nghd nghwT Y`u; Neuk; %Z ,se; j hupg; nghbandhs; Nkhl;l irf;fps;s te;jhDnths;. , Q; r vq; f Nah n ] kpd h U f; F NghfZkhk;. xU uhT jq;fp epz;L NghwJf;F Whk; Nfl;lhndhs;. me;j Neuk; xU WhKk; fpilahJ. nghwT xq;fl Ngiur; nrhy;yp ,Q;rah ,upf; fpq;f vz;L Nfl;lhndhs;. ehDk; Xk; kh];lu; jk;gp ,Q;rjhd; ,upf;fpw ,g;g CUf;F ikaj;J T+l;Lf;Fg;; NghapUf; fpwhUz;L nrhd;Ndd;. xq;fl gf; fj;J Cu;jhdhk;. njupAkhk; vd;L gaYts; nrhd;djhy ehe;jhd; epz; Ll;Lg; Nghl;Lg; Nghfl;Lk; vd;L cq; fl Whikj; njhwe;J Tl;Nld; thg;gh. gLj;Jf; nfle;J fhyk;gw Rg`{ njhOj ifNahl nghapl;lhDts;! gpur;rpidapy;iyNa... jk;gP? ~~gpur;rpidapy;iyah? vt;tsT thq;fpdPqf ; mtDfSf;fpl;l?" vd;W Nfl; g jw; F gw; w pf; n fhz; L te; j Nfhgj; i j cjLfspNy itj; J mlf;fpf; nfhz;L NgrhkypUe;Njd;. ~~Mdh jk;g.P .. xq;fl ngh];jfk; rhkhDts; vijAk; njhlg;glhJ vd;L nrhy;ypj;jhd; cs;NsNa Tl;

Nld; jk;gP?" vd;W vd; Kfj;ijg; ghu;f;fj; jpuhzpapd;wp NtW vq;Nfh ghu;j;Jf; nfhz;Ljhd; Ngrpdhu;. ~~vd;d jk;g>P xz;ZNk NgRwPqf ; ,y;y? xq;fl nrhe;jnkz;L nrhd;d jhyjhd;" vd;whu; Fw;wTzu;Tld; Fdpe;jgb. mtiug; ghu;f;fg; ght khfTk; ,Ue;jJ. ~~mJrup> vg;gpb Mf;fs; ehdh? Ngu; VjhtJ nrhd;dhDfsh?" vd; Nwd; vdJ vupr;riy ntspapNy fhl;lhky;. ~~M! ,upq;f! ,g;gb ePq;f Nfg;gPq; fz;Ljhd; vJf;Fk; ,Uf;fl;Lnkz;L gs;spf;Fs;s thw thfdj;ij gjpapw nfhg;gpapy flrpg; gf;f j;Jy mt ndhs; gs;spa Tl;Lg; Nghw Neuk; %Z Ngu;u NgiuAk; Nfl;L vOjp itr;rpUf;Nfd; jk;gP. ,upq;f. mijf; nfhQ;rk; vLj;jpf;fpl;L thNwd;" vd;W k#jpapd; nkapd;Nfw;Wld; ,Uf;Fk; thfdg; gjpTf; $z;il Nehf;fp Ntf khf ele;jhu; Kmj;jpdhu;. mtu; tUk; tiu vd; D ila Mtiy mlf;f Kbatpy;iy. rl;nld mtiu Ke;jpf; nfhz;L thfdg; gjpTf; $z;il Nehf;fp Xbr; nrd;W me;jf; nfhg;gpia vLj;J mt ru mtrukhf glglntdj; jl;bg; ghu; j ; N jd; . me; j ngupa ]P . Mu; nfhg;gpapd; filrpg; gf;fj;jpd; xU %iyapNy u[P];> kp]; gh> ]`Pu; vd;W New;iwa jpdk; ePupy; %o;fp ,we;J Nghd ,isQu;fs; %tupd; ngau;fSk; vOjg;gl;bUe;jJ.






fl;Liu

mup];Nlhl;bypd; mofpay; - V.vr;.vk;.eth~; mofpay;

nka;apay; (Philosophy of Aesthetics) gw;wpa Guhjdg; Nghjidfspy; kpf Kf;fpakhditfspy; xd;W gz;i lf;f hy nka;a payhsuhd mhp]; Nlhl;b ypdhy; (Aristotle; 384-312 BC) cUthf; f g; g l; l jhFk; . ,J mofpay; nka;apay; tuyhw;wpy; nghUs; Kjy;thj fUj;J Kjy;thj mbg;gilAilatHfshy; gutyhf xg;Gf; nfhs;sg;gl;L njhlHr;rpahf tphpthf;fg;gl;L te;Js;sJ. ,d;Dk; mJ nghUj;jkw;wjhfp tpltpy;iy vd;gJjhd; mjd; rpwg;gk;rkhFk;. Nrhf;ul;B ]pd; (Socretes; 469-399 BC) ~cd; idNa eP mwptha;| (Know the self) vd;w gpurpj;jp ngw;w thf;fpaj; NjhL nka;apay; ~kdpj gpuf;iQ| nfhz;ljhf ];J}y tsHr;rpiaf; fhzj;Jtq;fpaJ. Nrhf;ul;B]; Kjd; Kjyhf ~kdpjidg; gw;wpa rpe;jidNa Kjd;ikahdJ| vdf; fUjpdhH. kdpjidf; fUg;nghUshff; nfhz;L rpe;jid iar; Roy tpl;ltH Nrhf;ul;B];. Nrhf;ul;B]pd; ,e;j nka;apay; mbj;jsj;Jld; gpNsl;Nlh> mhp];Nlhl;by; Nghd;w tHfs; nka;apaiyAk; mofpaiyAk; Gjpa ghpkhzq; fSld; fl;bnaOg;gpdhHfs;. nghJikfs; vdg;gLk; fUj;Njw;wq;fs; kl;LNk epiyj;j cz;ikfs; vd;Wk;> GyDf;Fl;gLk; nghUs;fs; vitAk; 



epiwNgWilait my;y vd;Wk; gpNsl;Nlh $wpdhH. ,jid ikag; gLj;jpNa jdJ mofpay; nfhs;if fis Kd; itj; j hH. mjhtJ> gpNsl;Nlh ~gpugQ;r rhuj;jpd;| xspahf mofpaiyg; ghHj;jhH. vdNt> ,tuJ mofpay; fUj;J Kjy;thj mikg; gpidf; nfhz;bUe;jJ. Mdhy; ,jw;F vjpHepiyahf jdJ rpe;jidfisr; Roy tpl;ltH mhp]; Nlhl;by; . mhp]; Nlhl;biyg;; nghWj;jtiu ~nghJikfs;| vd;git xhpdg; nghUs;fSf;Fj; jug;gLk; nghJg; ngaHfs;. kdpjd;> kyH> kuk; vd; gd mt;tpdq; fisf; fhl; Lk; nghJg; ngaHfs;. ,it ntWk; ngaHfNs jtpu> ve;jj; jdpg;nghUisAk; Fwpf;Fk; Mw;wy; ,r;nrhw;fSf;F ,y;i y. nghJikfs; vd;gd mfdpaf; fUj; Jf;fs;. Gw cyf cz;ik mit fSf;fpy;iy. GyDf;Fl;gLk; jdpj; jdpg; nghUs;fNs Gw cyfpy; ,Ug; git. Xt;nthU jdpg;gl;l nghUSk; cz;ikahdNj. Xt;nthU nghUsp Yk; vy; y htw; Wf; F k; nghJthd jd;ik cz;L. Mdhy;> ,g;nghJj; jd; i k jhNdnahU jdpkkhff; f h z g; g Ltjpy ; i y . jd pg; g l; l nghUs;fspy; GijAz;L fplf;fpwJ. ,e;j nka;apay; nfhs;iff; $lhfNt mhp];Nlhl;bypd; mofpay; nfhs;if fs; Njhd;wpd.

2 mhp];Nlhl;by; 400 E}y;fis vOjpajhff; $wg;gLfpd;wJ. ,tw;Ws; %d;wpy; xU gFjp E}y;fs; mope;J tpl;ld. mhp];Nlhl;bypd; E}y;fisg;

nghJthf ehd;F gphpTfshf tifg; gLj;JthHfs;. mwptpay;> Kiwfs;> msitapay;> mwptwpT ,ay; Nghd; wit njhlHghd E}y;fs; vy;yhk; ~MHfhdd;| (Organon) vd;w ngahpy; njhFf;fg;gl;Ls;sd. ngsjPfk;> tpz; ntsp> tsHr;rpAk; mopTk;> ,aw;if tuyhW> tpyq; F fspd; $Wfs; > tpyq;Ffspd; tsHr;rp Nghd;w mwp tpay; E}y;fs; xUtif. mofpay; fiyfshd nkhop mzpfs;> ftpj;Jtk; Nghd;w E}y;fs; xUtif. nka;apay; E}y;fshd mwp tpay;> murpay;> Gyd; fle;j nghU spay; Nghd;w E}y;fs; xUtif. ,g; gl;bay; Vwj;jhsf; fhy mbg;gil apy; gphpf;fg;gLfpwJ. mwpT> mwptpay;> mofpay;> nka;apay; vd;W gbg;gb ahf Vw;gLk; mwpT KjpHr;rpia ,tUila gilg;Gfspy; fhzyhk;. mhp];Nlhl;bypDila nfhs; iff;Fk; typikahd ftHr;rpapd; fhuzkhdJ Kjd;ikahfTk; mofp ajd; Gwta mk;rq;fisj; jPHkhdpf; Fk; mjd; Kaw;rpapNyNa mlq;fp As;sJ. mhp];Nlhl;by; mofpd; rhuhk; rj;ij nghUs;fspd; Vd; tho;f;if apd; rpwg;ghd> ];J}ykhd> GyD zHT hPjpahd gz;Gfspy; Ma;T nra; jhH. ,irT> tbtg; nghUj;jk;> rpy tpjpfisg; gpd; gw;Wjy; Mfpait moFf;F mbg;gilahdit vd;W mtH fUjpdhH. monfd;gJ tbtk;> xOq;F Mfp ait rk;ge;jg;gl;lJ. MfNt> ,J fPo;fz;l ,uz;L epiyfspy; ,Ug; gJ rhj;jpakpy;iy. xd;W xU kpfr; rpwpa [e;Jtpy; moF ,Ug;gJ rhj;






jpakpy;i y. Vndd;why; mJ jpB nud;W ek;ik neUq;Fk;NghJ ek; fhl;rp njsptw; w jhfp tpLfpd;w J. ,uz;L kpfg; gpukhz;lkhd cUtj; jpy; moF ,Ug;gJ rhj;jpakpy;iy. cjhuzkhf> 1000 iky; ePskhd xd; wpy; Kjy; cjhuzj;ijg; Nghy; ,e; jg; nghUisAk; cldbahf KOik ahff; fhzKbahJ. mjhtJ mjd; xUikAk; KOikAk; ghh;itahs dhy; czu KbahJ. mhp]; N lhl; b ypd; nfhs; i f ahdJ tbtg; nghUj;jj;Jf;F mJ xU tp~aj;jpd; mofpay; gz;gp Dila mstbg;gil vd;w epiy apy; Fwpg;ghd Kf;fpaj;Jtk; mspf; fpwJ. nghUs; kpfg; nghpajhfNth> kpfr; rpwpajhfNth ,Uj;jy; $lhJ. tbtg; nghUj;jk; vd;gjpd; mHj;jk; ,Jjhd;. mofpd; Kjd;ikahd ghpzkpg; Gf;fs; xOq;fpYk; tbtg; nghUj;jj; jpYk;> Jy;ypaj;jpYNk fhzf; fplf; fpd; w d. mhp]; N lhl; b iy vOj itj;jJ ,Jjhd;.

3 mhp]; N lhl; b y; fiyf; F hpa mwpTj;jsj;ij fhl;l KidfpwhH;. mofpay; fUj;njd;gjd; tpsf;fj;jpy; gpNsl;Nlh cld; rpytw;wpy; mhp]; Nlhl;by; cld;gLfpwhH;. mjhtJ gpujp fs;> Nghd;ikf;fiy ,tw;wpy; cld; gl;lhYk; NtWgl;l tpsf;fj;ijNa nfhLf;fpd;whH. gpNsl;Nlh ~gpujpfspd; gpujp| vd;W $w mjw;F mhp];Nlhl; by; cz;ikapd; gpujpfs; vd;fpwhH.

fiyfs; nkhop> yak;> ,ir vd;gtw;iw thapy;fshf; nfhz;L gilf;fg;gLfpd;wd. Nghd;ik Kiw apy; fiyiag; gilg;gJjhd; fiy Qdpd; rpwg;gpay;G. Nghd;ik fiyg; gw;wp mhp];Nlhl;bypd; ftpijapay; Muha;fpwJ. fhg;gpaf; ftpij> mtyf; ftpij> ,d;gpay; Mfpa ftpij tiffs; midj;J k; Nghd;i kg; gilg; Gf;fs;jhd;. xU gilg;ig mtd; Nghd;ik Kiwapy; nra; fpwhdh ,y;iyah? vd;gNj ftpQ Df;Fk; gpw mwpQHfSf;Fk; ,ilNa cs;s NtWghL. fiyQH khdpl tho;f;ifiaj; jhd; Nghd;ik topapy; gilf;fpd;w dH. mt;thW gilf;Fk; NghNj kf; fis ey;y tuhfTk; jP atuhfTk; fiyQHfs; fhl;Lfpd;wdH. kf;fis gilj;Jf; fhl;Ltjpy; cs;s ,e;j NtWghLjhd; mty ehlfj;jpw;Fk; ,d;gpay; ehlfj;jpw;Fk; ,ilNaAk; mike;Js;sJ. ,d;gpay; ehlfk; tho; tpw; fhZk; kf;fspdJk; jho;Njhuhfj; jd; ghj;jpuq;fisg; gilj;Jf; nfhs; fpwJ. mty ehlfNkh tho;f;ifapy; fhz; NghhpYk; caHe;j ,yl;rpak; cilNahuhfj; jd; ghj;jpuq;fisg; gilj;Jf; fhl;LfpwJ. ftpijapd; Njhw;wj;jpw;Fg; nghJ thf Nghd;ikg; gz;G> Nghd;ikg; gz;ghy; tpisAk; gilg;G fz;L kdpj cs;sj;Nj Njhd;Wk; kfpo;r;rp Mfpa ,uz;L tiff; fhuzq;fisf; $wyhk;. Nghd;ikg; gz;G Foe;ij gUtk; KjNy Njhd;WfpwJ. kdpj mwpTf;F njhlf;f thap yhf miktJ ,g;Nghd;ikg; gz;G





jhd;. Neuhff; fhZk; NghJ mUtUf; fj;jf;fit fiyahf fhZk; NghJ kfpo;it Vw;gLj;JfpwJ. Nghd;ik gilg;ig fz;L kfpo; tjw;F NtW xU fhuzKk; cz;L. xU nghUs; mNj khjphpahf mike; jhy; mtw;iwf; fhZk;NghJ Vw;gLk; kfpo;r;rp> fiy EZf;fj;jhy; Vw;gLk; kfpo;rr ; p. kdpjDila gz;GfSk; rpe;j idAk; fUj;Jk; mtDila nra Yf;F mbg;gilahf mikfpd;wd. vdNt ,t;tpuz;lhYk; ntspg;gLj; Jk; khdplr; nraiyj;jhd; mty ehlfk; ehlf khe;jHfs; %yk; gilj; Jf; fhl;Lfpd;wdH. gz;G> rpe;jid vd;g d ,uz; b d; mbg; g ilapy; tpisAk; epfo;rr ; pfisf; fhuz fhhpa Kiwapy; njhFj;J mikg;gJjhd; mty ehlfj;jpd; fijg;gpd;dy;.

4 ftpij nghUs; czHj; J k; cz;ikfs; cyfg; nghJikiaj; jOtpajhfTk; mikAk;. ftpij tuyhw;wpYk; kpf; f jj;Jthh;j;jKk; mjdpdJk; rpwe;j ,d;w paikah ikAk; cilaJ. ftpij cz;ik cyfg; nghJ cz; ikiaj; jO tpaJ. khdpl thof;ifapy; epfOk; nray;fisg; Nghd;ik Kiwapy; gilj;Jf; fhl;Ltjhy; ftpQd; jd; fiyapy; rpwg;gilfpwhd;. ftpijf; fiyapd; rpwg;G Nghd;ik Kiwg; gilg;gjhFk;. Nkw;fz;lthW fiy gw;wp mhp];Nlhl;bypd; ftpijapay; tpsf;fpr; nry;fpd;wJ.

fpNuf;f ,yf;fpaj;jpw; fhzg;gLk; nka;g;nghUl; Nfhl;ghLfs; mofpa Yf;F mbg; gilahf mike;j d. kfpo;rr ; pia xU nghUspy;> vOj;jpy; my;yJ xypapy; rpj;jhpg;gJ fiy Qdpd; Fwpf;Nfhs; MFk;. nghUs;> kdpjd;> epfo;r;rpfs; Nghd;wtw;iw El;gkhf nka; Nghy; gilg;gNj fiy MFk;. ,jpy; ghh;jJ ; r; nra;jypd; $W fs; ,Ue;j NghjpYk; xU nghJthd KOj; jj;Jtk; ,Uj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. ,f;fUj;ijNa mhp];Nlhl;by; tw; GWj;jpdhH. mhp];Nlhl;bypd; fUj;Jg;gb kdp jNd mofpd; msTNfhy;. mjhtJ mstbg;g il. mjhtJ kdpjd; > nghUs;fs; gw;wpa mtDila kjpg; gPL> ajhHj;j cyif mtd; Ghpe;J nfhs;fpd;w tha;g;Gf;fs;> ,ay;Gfs; Mfpaitjhd; mofpd; msTNfhy;. mhp];Nlhl;bypDila mofpaYf;Fk;> Guhjd r%fj;jpy; fiyapd; tsHr; rpf;Fk; ,ilapyhd capNuhl;lkhd njhlHGk; ,d;iwa #oypy; mjd; nghUj;jg;ghLk; ,q;Nfjhd; ntspg;gL fpd;wJ. Guhjd fpNuf;fj;jpd; [dehaf G+Htkhd kdpjhgpkhdk; kpf;f fiy ahdJ> mofpd; msTNfhy; kdjNd vd;w fUj;Jf;Ff; fhuzkhf mike; jpUg;gJ Kw;wpYk; ,ay;ghdNj. nghUspayhd cyfpy; ,ay;gpy; jhd; moF mike;Js;sJ vd;Wk;> mJ tbtg; nghUj;jk;> ,irT> tbt xg;Gik Nghd;w ];J}ykhd nghUs; fSf;Fhpa Gwtag; gz;Gfspd; mbg; gilapy;jhd; ntspg;gLfpd;wJ vd;W $Wk; mofpay; gw;wpa mhp];Nlhl;b ypd; nfhs;ifahdJ mbg;gilapy; nghUs; Kjy;thjf; nfhs;if MFk;.






,e;jf; nfhs;ifahdJ mofpa yhsHfSf;F kl;Lky;y> fiyQH fSf;Ff; $l ftHr;rpfukhd ep&gd khapw;W. mofpajw;fhd Gwta ms tbg;gilia mikg;gijAk;> moFf; Fhpa rl;lq;fis cUthf;FtijAk;> tpjpfis mikg;gijAk; rhj;jpakh apw;W. ,e;jr; rl;lq;fs;> tpjpfs; Mfpa tw;iwg; gw;wpa mwpT fiyg; gilg; ghf;f j;jpy; xU topf; fhl;Ljiy toq;fpaJ.

5 njhFj;J Nehf;Fk;NghJ mhp]; Nlhl;by; moifg; nghUs;fspd; XH

,ay;ghff; fz;lhH. Xg;gPL> ,l xOq;F> jhsk; Nghd;w nghUs;fspd; cUt hPjpapyhd rpy jd;ikfspy; jhd; mofpay; ntspg; g hl; i lf; fz;lhH. ,f;nfhs;iffis ];gpNdh]h> jpjNuh> ny];]pq;> nrHdpN~t;];fp KjyhdtHfs; Kd;ndLj;Jr; nrd; whHfs;. fhHy;khh;f;]; moif nghU Sf;Fk;> mij mDgtpg;gtDf;Fk; ,ilapy; epfOk; cwthff; fz;lhH. Mf> mhp];Nlhl;bypd; mofpay; ,d; iwa #oYf;Fk; nghUj;jkhdJ vd; gjpy; Iakpy;iy.

A. R. R. HAIR DRESSERS 89, Church Road, Mattakuliya, Colombo - 15. Tel : 0112527219  



ftpijfs;

ntl;ilntsp epidTfspy;... - GNyhypA+u; Nty;ee;jd;                   

md;G kjk; nra;Nthk;                  




NkYk; ~Mtzk;| vd;w jiyg;gpd; fPo; ky;ypifapd; KjyhtJ ,jopd; jiyaq;fk; 46 tUlq;fspd; gpd;d Uk;> GJik ,yf;fpaj;jpy; v];.uhkfpU];zd; vOjpa fl;Liuf; Fwpg;Gk; 50 tUlq;fspd; gpd;dUk; te;jpUg;gJ gpukpf;f itf;fpwJ. ,g;gFjp jilg;glhky; njhlHe;J ntsptu Ntz;Lk;.

khtdy;iy.

vk;.vk;. kd;#H

fle;j ehw;gJ tUlq;fshf ehd; ~jhkiur; nry;tp| vd;w Gid ngaupy; ,yf;fpaj;Jiwapy; <Lgl;L te;jpUg;gij jhq;fs; mwptPHfs;. ky;ypifapd; Nk ,jopy; ~xsitf;fpotpAk; ehtw;goq;fSk;|> [_d; ,jopy; ~flNyhu kl;bfs;| Mfpa ftpijfs; ~jhkiur; nry;tp| vd;w ngaupy; ntspte;jpUe;jd. ,it vd;dhy; vOjg; gltpy;iy vd;gij gzpTld; njuptpj;Jf; nfhs;fpNwd;.

gue;jd;.

jhkiur; nry;tp

ky;ypif [_iy-Mf];l; ,jo; ifapy; fpilj;jJ. ky;ypif apd; ml;ilg;glj;ij fy;Kid g+ghy; vd;w ftpQH ePyhghyd; mtHfs; myq;fupf;fpwhH. vOgjpd; Muk;gj;jpy; mtiu mwpe;J itj;Js;Nsd;. gj;jpupiffs;> rQ;rpiffs; vd;Wk; thndhyp ftpauq;fk; vd;Wk; mwpag;gl;ltH. kuigAk; GJf;ftpijiaAk; Gupaitj;J vOJgtH. ,tiu njupe;jpuhj ,isa jiyKiw apdUf;Fk; ,d;Dk; kwe;jpUg;gtHfSf;Fk; Qhgfg;gLj;Jt jhfTk; njupfpwJ. ,NjNghd;W gy %j;j gilg;ghspfs; kwf;fg; gl;Ls;shHfs;. mtHfisAk;> ky;ypifia Muk;gj;jpy; fpuhkq; fs; NjhWk; mwpKfk; nra;jtHfisAk; glj;jpy; NghlyhNk! ky;y pifapy; GjpatHfSf;Fk; fsk; mikj;Jf; nfhLf;f Ntz;Lk;. ky;ypifapd; rpWfijapd; njupTfspy; ,d;Dk; ftdk; nrYj;j Ntz;Lnkd vz;ZfpNwd;. fdjpahd tplaq; fis vjpHghHf;fpNwd;.

nfhOk;G 15.

tjpup.rp.utPe;jpud;

fle;j ky;ypifapy; ntspte;j Rl;l gok;> Rlhj gok; vd;w rpWfijj; jiyg;G gioa nrhy;yhliy etPdkhd Kiwapy; gad;gl;Ls;sJ. fUTk; vjhHj;jkhf ,Ue;jJ. MdhYk; rpWfijapd; fl;likg;gpy; njsptpd;ik ntspg;gl;lJ.

nfhOk;G. 





g.Mg;Bd; 


\\  ||

rpWfij

\\> || 

xd;Wk; xd;Wk; %d;W

\\||

- gthdp rptFkhud;  

        \  |      \ |                        \\       || \\      .|| \\ 

||

         



\\      || \\       || \\   || \\  ||                                           

\ \       ||                                        \\         || \ \                ||                 



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                              \\ \\

\\    || \\     | |     \\              ||

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                              \\     ||       \              

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\\  ||  \\       \\    ||   

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                                                         





                         

   

                                             

\\     ||

\\          ||            \\|| \\      | |    

\\ || \\|| \\         ||

\ \          ||    \\ || \\ \ \             ||                            





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 



\\ ||  \\       ||  \\|| \\      || \\     || \\   

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    \\                 ||    || \\

\ \           ||

\\      || 

            

\\        ||

\\  ||

\\           ||

\\      ||

               \\  || \\     ||

\ \  ||

\ \     || \\

||  

||

\\        

\ \     ||                  





\\||

\\ ||

\\ \\

||



||

A]B ÄÍ>V sëD

gõ|ß ÄÍ>V 1000/d (gõ| \éì câæ) >M©¸«] d 50/d {«Võ|ß ÄÍ>V¡Âz zçÅ Í>m °u®ÂØïV^á©Ã¦\Vâ¦Vm.

ÄÍ>Vçk ¼å«½BVï¼kV, ïV¼ÄVçéBVï¼kV ØÄKÝ>éVD. kºþÝ Ø>V¦ìAïÓÂz Dominic Jeeva - 072010004231, Hatton National Bank, Sea Street, Colombo - 11

¨ªÂ z¤©¸¦¡D. ïV¼ÄVçéBVï ØÄKÝmk>Vl[ ¼\uí¤B kºþ ïðÂz ÖéÂïÝ]uz çk©¸oâ| ¶>[ Ãu®ß æâ|© ¸«]çB \_oçïÂz ¶Ð©¸ çkÂï¡D.

Ø>V¦ìA ØïV^á ¼kõ½ B xïkö :

201/4, p ï]¼«Ä[ T], ØïV¿DA 13. Ø>Vçé¼ÃE : 2320721 mallikaijeeva@yahoo.com 

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                  

Qhgff; Fwpg;G

ey;y ez;gu; - f. rl;lehjd;         

                                                                                           

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                                                                          

                                                                       



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                                                                                  

                                            A Madman’s    Diary                                    \\    | |          





                                                                                                               

                                                                               






ftpij

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






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,uridf; Fwpg;G

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

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


ntspf;nfhzHe;Js;shH. ,f;fUj;J epiy khHf;rpaj;Jf;Fj; njha;it Vw; gLj;jj;jf;fJ! mNjepiyjhd; rhjp Ngjj;Jf;Fnkd Mw;Wg;gl;L mijf; fz; Lnfhs;shJ tpl;lhH NghYk;! njhFg;gpy; ~ajhHj;jk;| ftpijiar; NrHf;fhJ jtpHj;jpUf;fyhk;! rhjhuz kf;fs; gbj;j gl;ljhup fsplk; ruzilAk; Nghf;if vs;sy; nra;J> gl;ljhupfs; kzp fl;bd khL fSf;F xg;gplg;gLfpd;wdH. midj;J kf;fisAk; kzpfl;Lk;gb Vtp> kw;W nkhU gb Nkw;nrd;W gl;ljhupfs; kjpg; gpwf;fg;gLfpd;wdH. ,J ,d;iwa tho;fi ; ff; Nfhynkd;gjpy; jg;ghfhJ! rhjhuz kdpjHfs; nghd;nkhopfisr; rpe;jpdhYk; mitfisg; gpj;jis nkhopfshf cjhrPdg;gLj;Jk; FUl;L cyfj;jpy; jhNd ehk; ,d;W tho; fpNwhk;! ,yq;ifapy; ,d;W thuj;Jf; fpU jkpo; E}yhtJ ntspaplg;gLfpwJ! ,e;E}yhrpupaHfSk; - rhjhuz kf;fs; kj;jpapYk; Nkijfs; cz;nld;gijf; fz;Lnfhs;shJ - ,e;j Nkijfs; jw;Nghija Nkilfspy; E}iy ehd; Kw;whf thrpf;ftpy;iy. Rk;kh jl;bj; jhd; ghHj;Njd; vdf; $wpj; jkJ Ma;T fisr; nra; t ijf; Nfl; b Ue; J k; > njhlHe;Jk; E}y;fis Ma;T nra;tJf; Fg; gl;ljhupfisj; Njly; nra;Ak; Nghf;ifAk; ,e;E}y; ntspr;rj;Jf;Ff; nfhz;L tUfpd;wJ. ,j;jifa fUj;J epiyia miltJf;F vkJ Fbau rpd; murpay; rhrdj;ijAk; E}yhrpup aH ftdj;Jf;Ff; nfhz;L te;Js;shH. ,r;rhrdj;jpd; %ytHfshd gl;ljhup fisj; Njly; nra;tJ thrfUf; FupaNj! ,d;iwa cyf kakhjypy; RUq; fpg; NghfhJ tp];t&gk; vLj;J epw;Fk;

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

NeHfhzy;

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


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

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


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

jy;y ,yf;fpak;. mjw;Fk; xU ,yf;Fk; ,yl;rpaKk; ,Uf; fpwJ. Nfhl;g hLfSf;Fk; nfhs;iffSf;F k; ,yf;fpak; ruziltjpy;iy. mitfs;jhd; ,yf;fpaj;jpw;F ruzila Ntz;Lk;. ~xU Nghuhspapd; NghH this tpl xU vOj; jhsdpd; Ngdh Kid $HikahdJ| vd;W nrhy;YtJk; ,ijj;jhd;.

Nfs;tp : ftpijj;Jiwapy; jlk;g jpj;j cq;fs; mjpHT rpWfijf;F s;Sk; tpuy;tpl;lJ. ,jw;F f; fhuzk;? gjpy; : vd;Dila ~Kfq;fs;| ftpijj; njhFjpf;F Kd;Diu vOjpa m.].mg;J];]kJ Xuplj;jpy; nrhy;fpwhH> ~md;GBdJ xt;nthU ftpijAk; xt;nthU rpWfijf;Fupa fUf;fshf ,Ug;gjhy; ftpijfs; thrpg;gjw;F kpfr; Ritahf ,Uf; fpd;wd. ehlfnkhd;wpy; ghj;jpuq;fs; cyTtJ Nghy ghj; jpuq;fs; capH ngw;W cyhTfpd;wd| vd;W. ,sq;fPud; ~[d Ntfk;| gj;jpupif elj;jpa fhyj;jpy; gpuRuj;Jf;fhf ehd; ftpij fis mDg;gpNdd;. mg;NghJ ,sq;fPud; vdf;nfhU fbjk; mDg;gpdhH. ~cq;fs; ftpij fUf;fnsy;yhk; ey;y fijf; Fupa fUf;fshf ,Uf;fpd;wd. Vd; ePq;fs; rpWfij vOjf; $lhJ| vd;W Nfl;L vd;id cw;rhfg;gLj;jpapUf;fpwhH. ,e;j ,UtupdJk; J}z;Ljy;jhd; vd;id fij vOjj; J}z;baJ. mjd; gpd;dHjhd; ePq;fs; nrhy;tJ Nghy; vd; ftdk; fij fspd; gf;fk; tpuy; tpl;lJ.

Nfs;tp : tha;g ;g hLfis kddk; ,Lfpd;w gy;fiyf; foff;fhuHfisg; Nghyy;yhJ> ,isatHfisAk; J}f;fp tpLk; cq;fisg; Nghd;wtHfs; xU rpyNu ,yf; fpaj;jsj;jpy; cs;sdH vd;gJ vkJ fUj;J. ,Jgw;wp cq;fs; mgpg;g puhak;... ; s; Fwpg;gpl;Lr; nrhy;gtHfSs; xU rpyH mg;gbj; gjpy; : ePqf jhd; gb jhz;l ; h gj;jpdpfshf ,Uf;fpd;wdH. mtHfs; tpujk; g+z;bUf;fpd;whHfs;. jpwglhj tpujk;. jpUk;gj; jpUk;g mtHfs; thrpg;gnjy;yhk; xd;iwj;jhd;. me;j xd;Wf;F NkNy mtHfs; thrpf;f Kay;tjpy;iy. Mwpa fQ;rp goq;fQ;rp vd;ghHfs;. me;jf; fQ;rpia kPz;Lk; kPz;Lk; #Lfhl;b gUFtJjhd; mtHfsJ gzpahf ,Ue;J tUfpwJ. ,d;Dk; jkJ ,uz;lhtJ gilg;ig vOjhj rpyuJ ngaHfisj;jhd; ~gp];kp|Yf;Fg; gjpyhfr; nrhy;yp Muk;gpg;gJ mtHfSf;F gof;fkhfg; Ngha;tpl;lJ. Mu;.vk;.nesrhj;jpd; 




~el;Lik| ehtiyAk;> tpky; Foe;ij Ntypd; ~frfuzk;| ehtiyAk; ehd; Vw;fdNt Fwpg;gpl;l u~;kp> mdhH FOtpd iuAk; mtHfs; vg;NghJjhd; cuj;Jg; Ngrg; Nghfpd;whHfNsh njupatpy;iy.

Nfs;tp : r%fKk; r%f mq;ff P huKk; ,y;yhj vOj;Jf; fhuHfs; gyH ntspj;jPj;jy; fhuHfshf tyk; tUfpd; wdH. ,tHfs; gw;wp... gjpy; : mz;ikapy; ~gpugyk;| fz;l xU vOj;jhsiur; re;jpg;gjw;F mtuJ CUf;Fg; NghNdd;. mtH thOk; njUtpy; epd;W mtuJ ngaiur; nrhy;yp gyuplk; tprhupj;Jk; mtiug; gw;wp mtuJ njUtpNyNa vtUf;Fk; njupe;jpUf;ftpy;iy. mtuJ njhopiyr; nrhy;yp ,d;dhnud;W nrhd;djw;Fg; gpwF jhd; xU gj;jhtJ MSf;Fg; gpwF gjpNdhuhtJ Ms; mil ahsj;ijf; fhl;b tpl;lhH. mtuJ ~gpugyk;| r%f mq;fPfhuk; mg;gbj;jhd; ,Ue;jJ. NgdhTk; vOj;Jk; fhfpjKk;jhd; mtuJ cyfk;. vy;yh tiffspYk; r%fj;NjhL xd;wp thOk; [duQ; rfq;fis mtHfisg; Nghd;wtHfs; xJf;FtJk;. Xuq; fl;LtJk; me;j r%f mq;fPfhuk; ,y;yhjjhy;jhd; vd;gij ehk; czHe;Jnfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. Nfs;tp : ,Wjpahf xU Nfs;tp. ,isa jiyKiw apdUf;F ePq;fs; vd;d nrhy;y tpUk;Gfpd;wPHfs;? gjpy; : mtHfSf;F ahUk; vJTk; nrhy;yj; Njitapy;iy. mtHfis mtHfsJ ghl;by; tpLtJjhd; rupahdJ. mg;Jy; fyhk; nrhd;dJ Nghy ~cd;dhy; KbAk; jk;gp| vd;W ehKk; MrPHtjpg;Nghk;.

mEit ehfuh[d; kiwT eP z ; l fhykhf <oj; J f; fiy ,yf; f paj; J iwapy; gzpahw;wpa mEit ehfuh[d; mtHfs; mz;ikapy; fhykhdhu;. rh`pj;jpa kz;lyg; gupR ngw;w ,tu; ftpij> fl; L iu> ehlfk; Nghd; w Jiwfspy; fzprkhd gq; f spg; G fisr; nra; J s; s hH. Fwpg; g hfr; rpWtH ,yf;fpaj;Jiwapy; Mw;wpa gq;F Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ. ,tupd; kiwTf;F ky;ypif jdJ mQ;rypiar; nrYj;J fpd;wJ. 



fl;Liu

vOj;jhsdpd; flg;ghL - rpy FwpgG; fs; - ghyh rpthfud; ~~fiy

fiyf;fhfNt|| vd;w kuG khwp fiyAk; ,yf;fpaKk; kf;fSf;fhfNt vd;w rpj;jhe;j epiyg;ghl;by; fiy ,yf;fpaq;fs; tsu;j;njLf;fg;gl;Ls;sd. me;j tifapy;> kf;fspd; cs;sf; FKwy; fis> kdntOr;rpfis ntspAyfpw;F vLj;jpak;Gk; NghJjhd;> mt;tpyf;fpak; mHj;jKs;sjhfpd;wJ. Kw;Nghf;F ajhu;jj ; thjj;jpw;F efu;e;J nry;yg;gLk; vdyhk;. ,jid epidTWj;Jk; tifapy; vOj;jhsdpd; tfpghfk; vd;d? vOj;jhsd; vd;gtd; vOj;J cyfpy; vt;thwhd jsj;jpid Nehf;fp gpuNtrpf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;gjpy; ftdk; nrYj;j Ntz;ba Njit mbg;gilahFk;.

vOj;jhsd; jdJ rkfhy kdpjdpd; mftho;itr; RUf;fj;JlDk; rupahd nrad;KiwfSld; CLUtpg; ghHf;fpd;w ghHitAlDk; ntspg;gLj;j Ntz;Lk;. u\;a vOj;jhsu; khu;f;rpak; Nfhu;f;fp njhopy; Kiwg; gj;jpupifj;Jiw vd;w fbdkhd gapw;rpg; gs;spapd; topahf te;jtu; ,e;jf; fbdkhd ciog;G> ijupakhf> tPupakhd vOj;J mtupd; tho;f;ifia jplk;gl itj;jJ. xU vOj;jhsd; VjhtJ xU Fwpg;gpl;l ,yf;fpa tifapy; kl;L ky;yhJ> xt;nthU ,yf;fpa tifapypUe;Jk; jd;Dila fiyj; jpwidf; fw;Wf;nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. jhd; njsptpd;wp vOJjy; $lhJ vd;W ,g;NghNj epue;jukhfg; gpukhzk; vLj;Jf;nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. vOj;jhsdJ flik my;yJ ek;gpf;if njhlu;gpy; nrf;Nfhy; vd;w Ma;thsdpd; rpe;jidiag; ghHf;Fkplj;J> ~~xU MrpupaUf;nfd gpuj;jpNaf eil ,y;iyNay;> mtH xUNghJk; vOj;jhsuhf Mfkhl;lhH. Mdhy; mtUf;nfd xU eil> mtUila nkhop vd;W xd;W ,Ue;jhy;> vOj;jhsnud;w Kiwapy; mtH Nky; ek;gpf;if itf;fyhk;. gpd;dH> mtuJ gilg;gpd; kw;w mk;rq;fs; gw;wp xUtH tpthjpf;fyhk;|| vd;W Fwpg;gpLfpd;whH. 




cz;ikapy; ghujpaplk; fhzg; gl;l nrhy;yhl;rp Nghw;Wjw;FupaJ. ~vOJNf hy ; nja; t k; > vOj; J k; nja;tk; | vd;w nfhs;if cila ghujpapd; ftpijapy; nrhw;fs; jhdhf te;J tpOe;jd. fiy GjpJ> nghUs; GjpJ> tsk; GjpJ> nrhw; GjpJ> Nrhjp kpf;f ey; ftpij ve;e hSk; mopahj kfh ftpij vd;gJ ghujpapd; thf;F. ,J mtH vLj ; J f ; n f h z ; l rgj k; . cs;sj;jpNy NeHikAk; ijupaKkpUe; jhy;> if jhdhfNt Neuhd vOj;J vOJk;. ijupak; ,y;y htpl;lhy;> trdk; js;shLk;. rz;b khL Nghy Xuplj;jpy; te;J gLj;Jf;nfhs;Sk;. thiyg;gpbj;J vt;tsT jpUfpdhYk; vOe;jpUf;fhJ. vdNt vOj;jhsd; jhd; if ahz;l NeHj;jpapy;> vLj;Jf;nfhz;l jsj;jpy; mjhtJ ,yf;fpak; gilg;g jw;Fupa xNu top mjid gilg;gjw; nfd vLj;Jf;nfhs;Sk; ,ilawhj Kaw;rpapy;jhd; ,Uf;fpwJ. xUtupl kpUe;J midj;ijAk; Ml;nfhs;sf; $baJk;> jdf;nfd midj;ijAk; <Hj;Jf; nfhs;sf; $baJkhd ,yf;fp aj; i j th o; f ; i fg; gzpnadf; nfhz;l vOj;jhsdJ Ntiy gw;wp> mtdJ nrhw;fs; gw;wp> eil gw;wpa epj;jpa ciog;gpd; Rf Jf;fq;fs;> nrhw;fs; kPjhd Nerk; Ntjid juf; $ba xd;Nw. Mdhy; ,e;j Ntjid mtdhy; xUNghJk;> nehe;J nfhs; sg;gLtjpy;iy. thy;NlH> &Nrh Nghd;w Rje;jpur; rpe;jidahsHfspd; E}y; f s; j hd; kfj; j hd gpuQ; R g; Gul;rpf;F tpj;jpl;ld. fhu;y;khu;f;Rk;> gpnunlf; vq;nfy;Rk; cUthf;fpa rpd;

dQ;rpW mf;fpdpf; FQ;nrd fk;A dp];l; fl;rp mwpf;ifjhd; cyiff; FYf;fpa u~;ag; Gul;rpf;Fk;> kNth jiyikapyhd rPd Gul;rpf;Fk; mbg; gilj; J}z; L jyhf mike; j J. NkYk; 1819Mk; Mz;L gpupl;b]; ,uh Ztj;ij vjpHnfhz;l khd;nr];lH njhopyhsHfis ngu;rp - n~y;yp vd;w ftpQd; ,t;thwhf Nghw;wpg; ghba ftpij mtHfisg; Nghuhl;l Afj;jpw;F vLj;Jr; nry;fpd;wJ. Japy; fise;n jOk; rpq;fk; Nghy nty;y g;gl Kbah Mw;w Yld; vOf> ntFz;n lOf! cwq;Fifapy; gbe;j gdpj;Jfis GOjp kz;zpy; cjwp vwptJ Nghy; vwpf ckjbikj; jisfis! ePq;fNsh gyH mtu;fNsh rpyu;> kpfr; rpyu; vd vLj;jpak;Gfpd;whH. lhy; ] ; l ha; > u];f pd; Nghd; w Nkijfspd; E}y;fshy; cj;Ntfk; ngw;w fhe;jpabfspd; jiyikapy; jhd; ,e;jpa ehL gpupl;b]; Vfhjpgj;jp aj;jpd; mbikj;jisfis mfw;wpf; nfhz;lJ. N[k;]; Mydpd; kdpj dpd; vz;zq;fs;> neg;Nghypad; `pl; yupd; ntw;wpapd; tpjpfs; Nghd;w kfj; jhd E}y;fs;> mnkupf;fhtpd; typik kpf;f RaKd;Ndw;w ,af;fj;jpw;Fk;> mnkupf;fhtpd; cyf rhjidfSf; Fk; Ntuhf mike;jpUg;gij vtUk; kWf;f ,ayhJ. vdNt vOj;jhsd; vd;gtd; rpU;;b fHj;jh. vOj;jhsDf;F> jdJ njhopypy; NjHr;rp ngWtJ vd;gJ kdj;ij miyf;fopf;Fk; tprakhf ,Uj;jy; $lhJ. Mdhy; mJjhd; xU gilg;ig cUthf;Ftjw;F mt





Df;Fupa xNu topahFk;. jtpuTk; vOj; j hsdJ flik> Nkhrkhd gilg;igg; gw;wpa tPzhz myl; rpak; my;y. mj;jifa Nghf;if vjpHj;Jg; NghuhLtNjahFk;. xU vOj;jhsdpd; kdjpy; epd;W epiyj;jpUf;fpd;w xU tplak; Gid fijNah my;yJ ,yf;fpa Ma;T fNsh mikayhk;. Mdhy; vOj;jhs dpd; cs;sj;jpy; vd;Nwh xU rk;gtk; mtd; kdj;jpy; epiyj;J ,Uf;fpd;w NghJ> mJ vOj;jhsdpd; %yhjhu jd; i kia gjp a itf; f pd ; w J . ,jid lhy; l;Nlhapd; eP jpgjpapd; kuzk;> khf;rpak; Nfhu;fpd; kdpjd; gpwe;jhd;> ];nl/ghd; ];itf;apd; mwp ahj ngz;zpd; mQ;r y; (n[u;ky; ehty; ) Letter from unknown women ,e;j ehtypy; vOj;jhsu; gad;gLj;jp apUf;Fk; cj;jp> ,jpy; fbjk; vOJk; me;j ,sk; ngz;izAk;> vOj;jhsu; fisAk; ek;khy; vt;tsT tUlq;fsh dhYk; kwf;f KbahJ. ,e;j tplak; jhd; vOj;jhsdpd; kdjpy; ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;. Rje;jpukhd> RahjPdkhd xU #o ypy;jhd; khDlj; jpd; Mw;wy;f s;> jpwikfs;> rpU];bj; jpwd;fs; KO ik ahf kyu KbAk;. khDlj;jpw;Fg; nghJthd ,e;j epajp Mj;khtpd; vd; [Pdpau;fshd vOj;jhsu;fSf;F> ,yf; fpa gilg;ghspfSf;F> rpe;jidahsH fSf;F kpf kpf Kf;fpakhdjhFk; vd gpNuk;[; mtHfs; Fwpg;gpLfpd;whH. khu;fr ; pak; Nfhu;ff ; papd; rpWfij fspy; thrfd; gw;wpa rpWfijapy; vOj;jhsd; ahH? flg;ghL vd;d vd; gJ gw;wp thrfd; xU vOj;jhsDf;F $Wk; tpjkhf jj;&gkhf tpupthf;fk; nra;Js;shH.

~~kdp jd; jd ; i dj; njupe; J nfhs;s Ntz;Lk; vd;gjw;fhf mt Df;F cjTtNj ,yf;fpaj;jpd; Nehf; fk; vd;W ehd; nrhd;dhy; ePq;fs; xg;G f;n fhs; tPH fs;. jd;k PJ mtd; nfhz;bUf;Fk; ek;gpf;ifia Nkk;gLj; JtJk;> cz;ikiaj; NjLtjpy; mt Df;F ,Uf;Fk; MHtj;ij tsHj;J vLg;gJk;> kf;fsplk; ,Uf;Fk; fPo;j;ju khd> juk; jho;ej ; tplaq;fSf;F vjpuh fg; Nghuhlr; nra;tJk;> ey;y tplaq; fisf; nfhz;L tUtJk;> kdpj ,j aq;fspy; ntl;f czHT> Nfhgk;> ijup ak; Mfpatw;iw cz;lhfr; nra;tJk;> kdpjHfis gyk; nfhz;ltHfshf Mf;F tjw; fhd midj; J Ntiy fisAk; nra;tJk;> Gdpjkhd mo FzHr;rpAld; mtHfs; tho;f;ifia elj;Jtjw;F cjtp GuptJk; vOj;jhs dpd; cz;ikj; jd;ik fhzg; gL fpd;wJ.|| ,e;j epiyapy; kiwe;j Nguhrpup au; fh.rptj;jk;gp mtHfs; $Wkplj;J ~~vOj;jhsd; jhd; tho;e;j #oypYk; ghHf;f kf;fSf;F> r%fj;jpw;Fj; jd; vOj;ij nfhLf;f Ntz;Lk;. mjd; gaid mtHfNs jUthHfs;|| vd;W $w;W epidTWj;jj; jf;fjhFk;. NkYk; NguhrpupaH f.ifyhrgjp mtu;fs; vOj;jhsd; gw;wp Fwpg;gpL kplj;J> ~~cz;ik epiyf;Fg; Gwk; Nghfhky; tho;f;if epfo;r;r pfisj; jdJ fijapy; mikg;gtNd rpwe;j vOj;jhsd;|| vd vOj;jhsd; gz;G> ,ay;G gw;wp Fwpg;gpLfpd;whH. ,j;j ifa ajhHj;j epiyapy; vOj;jhs dpd; flg;ghL jq;fpAs;sJ vd;gjpy; ,Uepiyg; gl;l fUj;Jf;fs; ,Uf;f KbahJ.






    

,iwtd; rpupff; pwhu; - rpupg;G 7 - NahNf];tup rptg;gpufhrk;     

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 \\          ||                                              



                                              

                                                          

   

    

   

   

              

       






\ \      ||       

\ \        || 

\ \       ||          

\\  ||

\\                 | |             

\\             ||   \\           ||      

ky;ypif 400MtJ ,jo; vjpHtUk; xf;NlhgH khjk; tutpUf;F k; ky;ypif ,jo; 400MtJ ,johf kyug; Nghfpd;wJ. ,t; tpjOf; F g ilg; G fs; mDg; g t pUk; G NthH nrg;nlk;gH 15Mk; jpfjpf;F Kd;djhf ky;ypifapd; Kftupf;F mDg;g p itf;fTk;. gilg;Gfis kpd;dQ;rypy; mDg;g tpUk;GNthH ky;ypifapd; kpd;dQ;ry; Kftupf;F Ms Word,y; ghkpdp vOj;J Utpy; (Fonts) mDg;g p itf;fTk;.





tpku;rdk;

g.rjP];gpuGtpd; ‘gPr;rhq;if’ mlf;FNthu; fd;dj;jpy; miwAk; if! - Nkkd;ftp g.rjP]g; puG jkpofj;ijr; NrHe;jtH. KfE}y; %yk; vdf;F mwp KfkhdtH. ~Naht;| vd;w Gidg; ngaupy; ftpijfs; vOjp tUgtH. ,sk; tof; fwpQH. jkpo;ehL Kw;Nghf;F vOj;jhsH rq;fj;Jld; ,ize;J nrw;gLgtH. mtiu KfE}ypy; ez;g uha; ,ize;jpUe;jjd; fhuzkhf mtH mq;F gjpj;j rpy ftpijfs; vd; ftdj;ijf; ftHe;jd. mf;ftpijfs; 70fspy; jkpofj;jpy; nry;thf;F nrYj;jpa thdk;ghb ftpij ,af;fj;jpd; Gidaw; ghq;fhd eilapd; jhf;fk; njhlHr;rpahf ,Ue;jik fhzf;$bajhf ,Ug; gpDk;> mtuJ mf;ftpijfspd; ghLnghUs; vd; ftdj;ij <Hj;jJ. Fwpg;ghf> tpspk;Gepiy kf;fspd; kw;Wk; xLf;fg;gl;ltH fspd; gpur;rpidfis ikakhff; nfhz;L ,Ue;jik vd; ftdj;ijf; ftHtw;Ff; fhuzkhf mike;j;J. me;j gpbg;gpd; fhuzkhf Kf E}ypy; gbf;ff; fpilj;j mtuJ ~ntl;bahd;| vd;w ftpijAld; jkpofj;ijr; NrHe;j ghyFkhudpd; ~kuz mb| vDk; FWe; jpiug;glj;Jld; xg;gpl;L xU fl;Liu vOjj; J}z;baJ. (ghu;f;f Qhdk; - ,jo; 186 - nrlk;gH - 2011) 3 mtuJ njhFjp VNjDk; ntspte;Js;sjh? vd;gij mwpAk; MtYk; vOe;jJ. mJ rk;ge;jkhf mtUld; njhlHGf; nfhz;l NghJ 2007Mk; Mz;L ehw;Wfs; gjpg;gf ntspaPlhfj; jkpfj;jpy; ntspte;j ~gPr;rhq;if| vd;Dk; mtuJ KjyhtJ ftpijj; njhFg;ig vdf;F mDg;gp itj;jhH. mj;njhFg; gpd; jiyg;Ng ngupnjhU mjpubahf ,Ue;jJ. mtuJ njhFg;G ntspte;j fhyfl;lj;jpw;Fg; gpw;gl;l fhykhd> Kf E}ypy; vd;dhy; gbf;fg;gl;l ftpijapy;; ntspg;gl;l jPtpu jypj;jpa rpe;jidapd; Muk;g epiy mk;rq;fs; J}f;fyhfj; njupe;jd. ,Ue;j nghOJk; gpw;fhyj;J mtuJ ftpijfspy; vdf;F Kw;Wk; KOJkhf jpUg;jpia mspf;fhtpbDk; (mjhtJ mtuJ ftpijapd; eiliag; 




nghWj;jtiu thdk;ghb ,af;fj;jpd; ePl;rp njupe;jhYk;) mf;ftpijfspy; ghLnghUs;fspy; gutyhf ntspg;gl;l jypj;jpar; rpe;jid NkYk; mtiu ftdpf;f itj;jJ.

Kjypy; ,j;njhFg;gpd; jiyg;Gf;fhd ftpijahd ~gPrr ; hq;if| ftpijia ,q;F KOikahfj; jUtJ %yk; thrf mDgtj;jpw;F epiwthf ,Uf;Fk; vd ek;GfpNwd;.

NkYk; ,j;njhFg;gpy; ,lk;gpbj;Js;s ftpijfs; 70fspy;; tHf;fg; gpur; rpidfisg; gw;wp vOjg;gl;l ftpijfspy;; ntspg;gl;l Nfh~j;jd;ik ntspg; gl;L ,Ug;gpDk;> mit mtuJ Muk;gfhy ftpijfs; vd;gij mf;ftpij fspd; eilAk;> ghLnghUSk; vLj;Jf; fhl;bd.

mf;ftpij gw;wp ehDk; xd;Wk; Ngrtpy;iy. fhuzk; mf;ftpijNa gy tplaq;fisg; gw;wp NgRfpwJ vd;gjw;fhf. mNj khjpupahd xU czHitNa gpw;fhyj;jpy; mtH vOjpa ntl;bahd;> nrUg;G ijf;Fk; njhopyhsp> Kb jpUj;Jk; njhopyhsp MfpNahiug; gw;wp vOjpa ftpijfs; vOg;Gfpd;wd. (ghHf;f gpd;zpg;G)

rpy gilg;ghspfs; me;je;j fhyfl;lj;jpy; nry;thf;F nrYj;Jk; ghL nghUis jk; gilg;Gfspy; gad;gLj;jp> gyupd; ftdj;ij ftUk; cj;jpia ifahStJ cz;L. rjP]g ; puGk; ntl;bahd; ehtpjd;> ,g;gbahd ghLnghUis ifahStJk; mj;jifa xH cj;jpNah vd;w rpyH Iag;glf; $Lk;. Mdhy; rjP]pd; ftpijfspy; mtH ifahz;L ,Uf;Fk; ghLnghUs; kPjhd khd rPfkhd gpbg;G> mf;ftpijfspd; eilapy; ntspg;gLk; Gidaw; ghq;fhd jd;ikiaf; fle;J njupfpwJ. mjw;F Nkyhf> rjP]pd; ftpijfspy; ntspg;gl;L ,Uf;Fk; khHf;]pag; ghHitAk; mjw;F JizGupe;J ,Uf;fpwJ. MdnghOJk; ,d;iwa fhy fl;lj;jpy; vt;thW ngz;fspd; gpur;rpidfisg; gw;wp NgRk; nghOJ ngz;zpa nkhop gw;wpa gpuf;iQ Njit cs;sNjh> mNj msTf;F jypj;Jfspd; gpur; rpidfisg; gw;wp Ngr KidAk; nghOJ jypj;jpa nkhopiag; gw;wpa gpuf;iQ Ak; Njitg;gLfpwJ. mj;jifa gpuf;iQ xusTf;NfDk; rjP]g ; puGtplk; ,Ue;j nghOJk; (,j;njhFg;gpd; jiyg;ghd ~gPr;rhq;if| mjw;F Mjhuk; MfpwJ) NkYk; mj;jifa gpuf;ifiQ mtH tsHj;Jf; nfhs;s Ntz;ba NjitAk; ,Uf;fpwJ. mjw;F mtH ,d;iwa jkpofr; #oypy; tsHr;rp mile;jpUf;Fk; jypj;jpar; rpe;jidapd; mbg;gilapyhd jypj;jpa ,yf;fpaq;fis NkYk; Njbg; gbg;gJ %yk; tsHj;Jf; nfhs;syhk;. mj;jifa #oy; mtUf;F ,Uf;fpwJ vd;gJ njupfpwJ. ,dp ~gPr;rhq;if| njhFg;gpy; mikj;Js;s rpy ftpijfisg; gw;wpr; rpwpJ ghHNghk;. etPdg; gilg;Gfspd; jd;ikfspy; xd;whf ,Ug;gJ> xU gilg;ghsp jd; gilg;gpd; Clhf> jd;idr; Rw;wp ,Uf;Fk; tho;fi ; fapy; ahUk; ftdpf;fhj tplaq;fis mtjhdpj;J jk; gilg;Gfspy; jUtJjhd;. mt;thW jug;;gLk; gilg;Gfs;> gilg;ghf;fj; jd;ik fspy; rpy epiw-Fiw ,Ug;gpDk; $l> thrf-rpe;jid jsj;jpy; mg;gilg;Gfs; rpy mtjhdq;fis Vw;gLj;JtJz;L. mj;jifa gilg;GfshfTk; ,j;njhFg;gpy; mike;Js;s rpy ftpijfs; mike;Js;sd. ,JNt mtuJ gilg;Gf;fisg; gw;wp ek;ik J}z;b ,Uf; fpd;wd.





mLj;J rjP];gpuGTf;F ngz; nkhopNah> ngz; ,dj;jpd; kPjhd mlf;F Kiwapd; tbtq;fisg; gw;wpa njspT Fiwthf ,Uf;fpwNjh vd;w Iaj;jpid mj;njhFg;gpy; ,lk;gpbj;Js;s gpd;tUk; ftpij Vw;gLj;jpaJ. khHf;rpag; ghHitapyhd mbg;gilapy; ngz;zpdj;ijg; gw;wpa fUj;Jepiy rhHe;j mwpjYk;> jypj;jpa rpe;jidapd; mbg;gilapy; jypj;jpa ngz;fspd; epiy nghJthd my;yJ kw;w r%f mikg;Gr; rhHe;j ngz;fspd; gpur;rpidapy; ,Ue;J NtWgl;;lJ vd;gjw;fhd GupjYk; rjP]; gpuGtpw;F ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;. mg;nghOJjhd; ngz;zpdj;ijg; gw;wpa ,tuJ ftpijfspy; ajhHj;jKk;> mjw;fhd rupahd ntspg;ghLk; ntspg;glf; $bajhf ,Uf;Fk;. ~$r;rk;| vd;w jiyg;gpyhd mf;ftpij ,g;gb mike;jpUf;fpwJ. vd;d $r;rg;gLfpwhNsh! fhjpy; fLf;f NdhLk; ngz;izg; Nghy; Kb tsHj;Jk; ];ilyha; Nkhl;lupy; te;J epw;Fk; etehfuPf fy;Y }up khztHfSf;F Mz; rl;il Nghl;Lf; nfhz;L ngl;Nuhy; NghLk; mf;fh...... ,f;ftpijapd; %yk; ftpQH vd;d nrhy;y KidfpwhH? ngz;fspd; myq;fhuj;Jld; tUk;; fy;Y}up khztHfisf; fz;ljhy; mf;fh $r;rg;gLfpwhsh? my;yJ mtHfs; Kd;dhy; jhd; Mz; rl;il mzpe;J ,Ug;gjdhy; mf;fh $r;rg;gLfpwhsh? vd;w Nfs;tpfis mf;ftpij vOg;gp tpLfpd;wJ. mjd; %yk; ngz;fs; ,Uf;f Ntz;ba epiy gw;wpa xU njsptpd;ik njupfpwJ. mj;njsptpd;ikapd; njhlHr;rpapid ~njwpg;Gfs;| vd;w jiyg;gpd; fPo; mike;Js;s ebiffs; gw;wpa ftpijj; Jspapy; njupfpwJ. 




Ms;ghjp Milghjp jtwha; mHj;jk; nfhz;ldH ftHr;rp ebiffs; vd;w mf;ftpijapy; ,d;iwa rpdpkh cyfk; tHj;jf kakhd #oypy; me;j ebiffs; tpUg;gpNa Vw;Fk; epiy my;y. khwhf ngz;fisg; Nghfg; nghUshfg; gad;gLj;Jk; Mzhjpf;f r%fj;jpd; xU ntspg;ghL vd;gij rjP];gpuG Gupe;Jnfhs;tJ ey;yJ. MdhYk;> mk;khitg; gw;wpa ftpijahd ~mk;khitg; gw;w p...| vd;w ePz;l ftpijapd; ,Wjpg; gFjpapy;> vy;y hk; vOjp vd;d gad;? mg;ghitg; NghyNt ehDk; mk;khit Ntiy thq;f Muk;gpj;J tpl;NlNd..!

mLj;J> Rje;jpu jpdk; vDk; ftpijapd; ,Wjpapy; ngUe;jpus; $l;l j;jpd; CNl ghf;nfl; [_i] ngg;] p vd;W $tp tpw;Fk; rl;ilapy;y hr; rpWtd; vd;Wk;> fpupf;n fl; vDk; ftpijapy; Nkhjy; ,e;jpahtpw;Fk; ,yq;iff;Fk;jhd; ntd;w J kl;Lk; mnkupf;f Nfhf;Fk; ngg;rpAk;!

vd;Wk;> cWj;jy; vDk; ftpijapy; xd;wha; rhg;gpLNthk; vd;wioj;j mg;ghtpw;F cWj;jNt ,y;iyah? gupkhWk; mk;kh. mk;kh gw;wp NgrtUk; Nkw;Fwpj;j ftpijfspy; FLk;g fl;likg;gpy; ngz; Ruz;lg;gLtJk;> xJf;fg;gLtJk; Ez;zpa Kiwapy; vLj;Jf;fhl;b ,Ug;gJ ghul;Lf;FupaJ. NkYk; rjP];gpuG ,j;njhFg;gpy;; er;nrd;W mike;j rpy ftpijfspy; rpy Mokhd tplaq;fis nuhk;gTk; vspikahd thHj;ij fspy; NgrpapUf;fpwhH. [d..fz..kz.fjp vd;w ftpijapy; ];Nld;ll;B]; ml;ld;rd; ry;a+l; Mq;fpNya thHj;ijfSf;Ff; fl;Lg;gl;Lj;jhd; xypf;fpwJ ,e;jpahtpd; Njrpa fPjk; $l... 

vd;W nrhy;tjd; %yk; Rje;jpuk; thq;fpa gpd;Dk; fhydpj;Jt kNdh ghtj;jpypUe;J ,e;jpah Nghd;w ehL fs; ,d;Dk; tpLgltpy;iy vd;gij vLj;Jf; fhl;LfpwhH.



vd ; W k; NgR tjd ; %y %k; ,e;jpah Nghd;w Njrq;f spd; gd; dhl;L epWtdq;fspd; Mjpf;fj;ij eif KuZld; gspr;nrd;W Kd; itf;fpwhH. nkhj;jj;jpy; ,j;njhFg;gpd; ftp ijfs; %yKk;> gpw;fhyj;jpy;; mtH je;j ftpijfs; %yKk; mtH r%f czHTkpf;f xU ftpQuhfj; njupt NjhL> vjpHfhyj;jpy; ,d;Dk; fUj; jpay; uPjpahf gy;NtW r%fg; gpur; rpidfisg; gw;wpa njspT ngw;W ftdj;jpw;Fupa ftpijfisj; jUthH vd;w ek;gpf;ifia Vw;gLj;JfpwJ.

ntl;bahd; vupg;gjh Gijg;gjh ntl;bahdpd; Fy tof;fk;? vupa+l;l tpwifAk;> Gijf;f kz;izAk; kl;LNk ntl;bg; Nghl;Lg; gofpajhy; ntl;bahdhfpg; Nghdtd;! yhgk; VJk; ,y;yhj Ntiy vd;gjhy;jhd; ,td; nra;Ak; Ntiy ntl;bNtiy vd;whdNjh! Jz;bNy tpOk; rpy;yiwfspy; njhlq;Ftjhy; mtd; tuT nryT jpl;lk; KOtJk; Jz;LfshNyNa epug;gg;gLfpwJ! mtd; kPJ ,uf;fk; te;Jtplf; $lhJ vd;gjw;fhfTk;jhd; fz;fs; %lg;gLfpwNjh gpzq;fSf;F! ~jpUk;gpg; ghHf;fhky; nry;Yq;fs;| miuQhz; fapwpd; nts;sp tiu mWj;Jg; ngw;w gpwF jpUk;gpg; ghHf;f vd;d ,Uf;fpwJ?






rhjpf;nfhU RLfhL itj;jtd; Vd; vy;yh RLfhl;Lf;Fk; xNu rhjpapy; ntl;bahid kl;Lk; itj;jhd;? ,e;j jPz;lj;jfhjtdpd; jPz;lypy;jhd; Nkhl;rk; ngWfpd;wd gpzq;fs;! re;J nghe;njy;yhk; kpd;tpsf;Ffs; fl;b kidtpia Jizf;fioj;Jf; nfhz;L rpWePH fopf;f nrd;wtdplk; ,unty;yhk; gpzj;NjhL gpzkhf gakpd;wp gLj;Jwq;fpatd; vg;gb mbikahdhd;? ~fUg;gd; te;jpUf;fpd;whd;| vd ,Ue;j ,lj;jpypUe;Nj fj;jp njuptpf;fpd;wd nrj;Jg; Nghdtdpd; Nguf;Foe;ijfs;! ~,e;j tUrk; vJTk; fpilahJ vdj; njupe;Jk; te;J epw;fpwhd; ghU| KWf;fpf; nfhs;fpwhs; fpotp! jPghtspf;Fk; nghq;fYf;Fk; jg;ig jl;b gpr;irnaLj;Jf; nfhz;bUf;fpwhd; ntl;bahd; jhd; nra;j

NtiyfSf;fhd $ypia!

nrUg;G ijf;Fk; njhopyhsp ~nrUg;ghy; mbg;Ngd;| vd;W ahNuh ahiuNah jpl;LfpwNghJ VNdh nrUg;ghy; mbj;jJ Nghy; typf;fpwJ nrUg;G ijf;Fk; njhopyhspf;Fk;! vy;yh NgUe;J epWj;jq;fSf;F mUfpNyAk; gioa fPw;WfshNyh Nfhdpg; igfis xd;W NrHj;Njh Ntag;gl;bUf;fpwJ xU jho;thuk;! jpiug;ghly;fSf;F Ke;ija thdpiy mwpf;ifia thrpj;Jf; nfhz;bUf;fpwJ xU thndhyp! ,Uf;if Nghl;L cl;fhur; nra;aNth vOe;J epd;W cq;fis tuNtw;fNth xUNghJk; KbahJ mtdhy;! mtd; mYtyfj;jpy; nrUg;ig cs;Ns tpl;Ltpl;L ePq;fs;ntspNa te;J epw;f Ntz;Lk;!





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~[hjfk; ,y;iy| vd;wJk; ehl; lhz;ikf;Fg; gioa Qhgfk; te;jJ. 




epfo;tpd; mtjhdq;fs; F.rpd;dg;gghujp mwf;fl;lis rhHghf 4Mk; Mz;lhf toq;fg;gLk; ,yf;fpag; ghpRfs; - 2012f;fhf ,t;thz;L mwptpf;fg;gl;bUe;j gy;NtW ,yf;fpaj;Jiwfspy; gj;jphpf;ifj;Jiwf;F Kjy; ghpR toq;fplj; jPHkhdpf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. mt;tifapy; ~jpdkzp| ehspjo; MrphpaH jpU.Nf.itj;jpaehjd; mtHfs; rpwe;j gj;jphpf;ifahsuhf Kjd;ikg; ghpRf;Fj; NjHT nra;ag;gl;Ls;shH. ,jw;F mika jpU. Nf.itj;jpaehjd; mtHfSf;F ,t;thz;L Kjd;ikg; ghpR &gh. 150>000 yl;rk; (xd;wiu ,yl;rk;) nuhf;fKk;> NflaKk;> rhd;wpjOk; toq;fg;glTs;sJ. NkYk; rpwg;Gg; ghpRfs; 16 NgUf;F fPo;fhZk; ,yf;fpa tiffspy; &.10>000 (&gha; gj;jhapuk;)Kk;> NflaKk;> epidTg; ghpRKk; toq;fg;gLk;. rpWfij: ~$Lfs; rpije;j NghJ| ~vd; thdk; ehd; Nkfk;|

- mfpy; (mfpNy];tud; rhk;grptk;) fdlh. - kh. md;gofd;> rpq;fG+u;.

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eh n[a;fNz]; jpUkjp gj;khtjp ,sq;Nfhtd;> gpuhd;];. X. Nf. Fzehjd;> kl;lf;fsg;G-,yq;if. nry;tp. kyu;tpop> Fkup khtl;lk;.

- lhf;lu; v];.rpq;fhutbNty; - Gytu;. nr. ,uhR> <NuhL

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

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


fKt gy;fiyf;fof KJepiy tpupTiuahsu; fyhepjp. fdfrghgjp ehNf];tud;> Nky;khfhzrig cWg;gpdu; fyhepjp vd;. FkuFUgud;> rl;lj;juzp [P.,uh[FNye;jpuh MfpNahu; toq;fpdhu;fs;. Vw;Giuia E}yhrpupau; gUj;jpA+u; ghy. itutehjDk;> ed;wpAiu nry;td; e. uhFyDk; toq;f> epfo;Tfis rl;lj;juzp Nf. Gue;jd; rpwg;ghf njhFj;J toq;fpdhu;. mt;tpohtpy; ghHitahsHfshff; fye;J nfhz;l rpyuplk; mt;tpohitg; gw;wpf; Nfl;l nghOJ :

epfo;tpd; mtjhdq;fs;

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Nf. tp[ad;

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M. ,uFgjpghy=jud;

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g.rjP];gpuGtpd;

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ftpijj; njhFjp

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nts;stj;ij jhupf;fpd;

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Mo;thg;gps;is fe;jrhkp 

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Mf];l; 2012 


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vd;. rz;Kfuh[h

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   103A, Promac Printers 


மல்லிகை செப்டம்பர்-2012 இதழ்-398  

மல்லிகை செப்டம்பர்-2012 இதழ்-398

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