Agrupamento de Escolas Cidade do Entroncamento - 170586 ANO LETIVO 2013/2014
Teste de avaliação sumativa Disciplina - Inglês
Duração da prova: 45 m
Ano – 11º
Modalidade : escrita Data:
Nome: __________________________________________________________ Professor: __________________________
Classificação: ______________________________________ Encarregado de Educação: ___________________________
TRAVEL THE WORLD AND SAVE THE EARTH
Back in the careless days, tourists would roam the world taking snapshots, throwing money around and caring very little for the damage to the local peoples and the environments. Now, there are new ways of enjoying the world; at least in principle, you can have fun and save the earth at the same time. That is the theory of ecotourism. Environmentally sensitive, ecotourism promises to be a way to spend your holidays amid unspoiled beauty, to meet rare animals up close and to do it without causing them any harm. From whale watching in the Atlantic to photo safaris in Kenya’s game parks, ecotourism has been the fastest growing tourist trend since the 90s. But what exactly are we talking about? Ecotourism was based on the realization that some people (usually poor Africans, Asians and Latin Americans) live in places surrounded by precious living things that other people (well-off Europeans and Americans) want to see and save. The idea is to help communities in the developing world to have a share in the richness of their resources by earning money preserving nature rather than by destroying it. It sounded such a good idea that everybody wanted to do it. And that’s when things started to go wrong. For example, huge numbers of holidaymakers throng Mexico’s Pacific coast to watch sea turtles lay their eggs on moonlit beaches. These people wanted to stay in hotels by the beach and they were built. Now these hotels cast such bright lights that the turtles become disoriented and fail to lay their eggs. In the Canary Islands off Africa, where tens of thousands of Europeans alight every year to watch whales, tourist boats sail as if they were on an oceanic rodeo. To escape the confusion, the frightened whales dive underwater for so long that they risk suffocation and mothers have been separated from their calves. Off Australia’s East Coast, dolphin feeding expeditions were 1
30 introduced and now young dolphins are losing their ability to find their own food.
In Costa Rica, the building of more and more hotels and restaurants in the jungle is disturbing the small primates which have been virtually weeping in confusion as they swing from tree branchâ€Śto hotel roof. But, instead of pronouncing ecotourism a failure, governments and guides are trying 35 to reform it. Some time ago, the Canary Islands decided to limit the number of whale watching boats and require a marine naturalist on board each excursion, to prevent harassment of the whales; Costa Rica is spacing hotels farther apart to minimize environmental damage, and devising ways to let visitors enjoy nature without trampling it. Newsweek (abridged and adapted) A. Reread the text (from line 22 to line 30) and find words which mean the same as the following. 1. arrive in big groups 2. make light 3. get off 4. riding competition 5. young animals B. Say if the following sentences are TRUE or FALSE, according to the previous text. Quote from the text to justify your choice. 1. 2. 3. 4.
With ecotourism the environment is damaged as little as possible. There are no economic advantages in ecotourism. Peopleâ€™s curiosity to see wildlife helped in the protection of nature. There have been some attempts to discipline the industry of ecotourism.
C. Complete the following sentences with ideas taken from the text. 1. In Mexico turtles are failing to lay their eggs because __________________________ 2. In Canary Islands the whales feel frightened; as a result, ________________________ 3. With the recent governmental measures, nature is likely to ______________________ D. Answer these questions, having the text in mind and giving your own opinions (write at least 30 words each time). 1. The problem with ecotourism is that it became too fashionable. Why can this be a problem? 2. Of all the activities described in the text, is there any you would like to try? Explain why.
II – Grammar A. Rephrase these sentences using Conditional Sentences. 1. We don’t stop burning fossil fuels; pollution doesn’t decrease. If ____________________________________________________________ . 2. We must change our lifestyles to protect half of all species of becoming extinct. Unless__________________________________________________________ . 3. Global warming increases because we don’t stop burning so many fossil fuels. If we ___________________________________________________________ . 4. In the past, water pollution was so serious because schools didn’t organise educational campaigns. If schools ________________________________________________________
III – Composition Choose ONE of the following topics (either A or B) and write a text on it (120 - 150 words). A. Imagine you write an article for the school magazine trying to motivate students to adopt a green lifestyle and help reduce domestic rubbish and save energy.
B. Most small towns have to face the dilemma between keeping their character and adapting to the demands of modern life. Write an email to the city council giving your opinion on the following: building or not a car park on a square, in the city centre.