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New Year

resOlUTiONs Living with

AUTISM Coping Strategies

FAMILIES HELP! I’m goIng for



the eyes of AN ARtIst

Midlife Crisis

See inSide >>



Can an

AFFAIR save your



JA $500 UK £4.00 US $5.00 CA $5.00


MEDICANJA The new hope for Jamaica? newS biteS > E-Cigars: Are they really safe?



Publisher Pelican Publishers Limited

Editor-in-Chief Dr. Henry I.C. Lowe

Editorial & Creative Director Meleisa Witter

Editors at Large Mrs. Janet Wilson-Lowe Mrs. Venus McGregor-Lowe

Editor Alicea James

Marketing / Sales Aneka McKenzie

Graphics Art, Layout & Illustration Nicole Williams Shauna-Kay Battick

Main article Shoot Location

(Through the Eyes of an Artist) Era Smile Art Gallery Waterloo Road, Kingston, Jamaica, West Indies


Our Publications are available  islandwide at bookstores, pharmacies  & online on our new website & SCROLL  to see our amazing forthcoming publications, upcoming

events forecasts for Pelican Publishers and find out how to get published.

Like us on


& Follow us on

@p eli can _ pu b

Pelican Publishers, Missindi Photography Michael Edwards The Caribbean Wellness and Lifestyle magazine is published quarterly by Pelican Publishers Limited in Kingston, Jamaica, West Indies. © 2014 Pelican Publishers Limited No part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronically or mechanically, including photocopying, recording or by any information storage retrieval system without written permission from the publishers.

CONTENTSissue Welcome to Caribbean





Latoya Smile


Michael Edwards


Kerecia Bell

Physical Health & Wellness




10 Parenting Well

– Lisa Franklin-Banton (Paediatric Association of Jamaica)

12 Death By Sitting

–Alicea James

16 Discover Magnesium

– Meleisa Witter

22 Q&A with Andrew Khan (Gymkhana) 24 Doctor-Doctor VS Computer Doctor

– Dr. Hame Persaud

30 What's Wellness Got to Do With It?

– Mark McDonald

32 BOOK LAUNCH: Profile of Excellence

Wealth & Health

On the Cover


Addicted to Spending

– Clinton Gordon

87 MediCanja: The New Hope for

36 Holes in My Purse (PART 2) - Getting Rid


42 New Year Resolutions 20 Living with Autism (Part 2) 26 Midlife Crisis 53 Vox Pox

of Bad Financial Habits...

– Kayan Vaz

CONTENTS Mental & Spiritual Health 37 Power of Prayer 38 Positive Thinking

– Dominic Cobran

39 Enhancing Your Spiritual Health

– Tashika Witter-Francis

40 BOOK LAUNCH: Ideas Matter

Lifestyle & Entertainment 44 New Trends in Hair Care

46 Benefits of Juicing

– Vanessa Osbourne

– Mahalia Palmer

48 Healthy Living During Pregnancy

– Tamara Bailey

50 Beyond Infidelity

60 Anger Management - Healthy Ways to Control

Your Anger

61 Voyeurism - Are you a Peeping Tom?



65 Shocking Revelations about Pet Food Manufacturing 70 The Art of Tea: Functional Blends – Avi-Ann Miller

88 Diaspora Members Weigh in on Medical Marijauna 90 BOOK LAUNCH: Ganja the Jamaican and Global Connection



Clinton Gordon

Dona miller

has been employed to JNBS

is Justice of the Peace,

for 15 years and has been a

Businesswoman, and

Vanessa osbourne

Sales Development Specialist

a part-time Lecturer in

is a chemist by training, a

for the past five years. He

Guidance and Counseling as

natural hair enthusiast and

has a BBA in Marketing from

well as Psychology. She holds

a proponent of using natural

the University of Technol-

a Master’s in Counseling

or organic hair and skin care

ogy (UTECH) with a minor in

Psychology and Bachelor of

products. She believes in a

International Business.

Science in Business Adminis-

total approach to beauty

tration. She is also pursuing

beginning with proper diet

Doctoral studies in Education

and nutrition.

with an emphasis on Autism.

Dr. Hame c. Persaud sional, who has established a


free - once per month clinic

is a science and technol-

in a needy area of Kingston,

ogy planner at the Planning

in collaboration with other

Institute of Jamaica (PIOJ).

doctors, pharmaceutical

He has a master’s degree in

companies and a dedicated

Environmental Science from

staff. He is also a member

the University of Hull, UK

of a number of Truth and

and a Bachelor of Science

Meditation groups. Together

in Marine Sciences from the

with others, he supports the

University of the West Indies

Prema Satsangh (Lovers of


is a renowned Medical Profes-

Tamara bailey is a journalist by training and currently works as a freelance writer. She is the host of the popular magazine program on NCU TV-Uscope, which focuses on news and current affairs. Her passion for writing is often explored through interesting features focused on health, wellness and several other issues.

Truth) Hindu group.



GAnJA - The Jamaican and Global Connection Price: $2,500 JMD | $25 USD

This fascinating read will prove to be both factual and objective on a topic that is both controversial and emotive. No plant in Christendom has been so exhaustively studied with some 20,000 publications - and growing - attesting to that! Ganja - The Jamaican and Global Connection examines issues such as the mental effects of the smoked preparation, superstition, and folklore surrounding the plant. Professor Barry Chevannes (1940-2010) wrote: At the root of the controversy over Ganja is fear. There are those who see Ganja as part of a growing culture and fear it as a gateway to other more harmful substances‌ Authors: Henry Lowe, Errol Morrison


EvEnts for 2014

Pelican Publishers and CWL had a fun filled 2013 and as we embrace the new year we have bigger and better things in store for our dedicated readers and supporters.


Award Winning Pieces from the JCdC literary Festival

Price: $2,100 JMD | $21 USD In this publication, 10 gold medal awardees have teamed up to present a masterpiece of life through Jamaican lenses. We will all be able to relate to at least one perspective, from one story. Some famous names are on the contributors list: Dionne Jackson-Miller, Michael Record and Carroll Edwards, to name a few of the more prominent ones. All the stories are poignant and well written. Dr. Edward Baugh in his foreword writes: the stories in this collection afford much pleasure, even as they engage the mind and the imagination. They cover an appreciable range of subject matter, craft and tone. Humour complements and carries seriousness... We may find ourselves asking of their authors; 'where have these people been; why have we not heard of them before?' (Foreword by Edward Baugh)


Here are some of tHe upcoming events for

Journey into The Mind of A Veteran Journalist


Price: $2,500 JMD | $25 USD

* Kingston Book Festival * Father's Day Competition * Mother's Day Competition * World Book Day * Book Launches * Wellness Events * Book Drive

Without them, nothing would exist! Yet we treat them so cavalierly; allowing just about anyone and anything to make a lasting contribution. Ian Boyne is riveting, enthralling and spectacularly diverse as he shares with us the importance of Ideas, and why they Matter. Ideas are the wellspring of life. Everything we ever encounter is created at least twice. First in the mind‌as an idea‌ On offer in his exciting book are a potpourri of ideas about International Politics, well-known and celebrated Jamaican and international personalities, religion, philosophy, and varying socioeconomic issues. Additionally, Jamaica and our unique musical landscape come alive in this book as well as a keen appreciation of our political scene. Author: Ian Boyne

These publications are available in major bookstores islandwide and at Pelican Publishers Limited | 44 Lady Musgrave Road, Kingston 10, Jamaica W.I. Tel: (876) 978-8377 | Fax: (876) 978-0048 |

EDITORIAL This is our thirtieth edition. Now 30 has many interesting associations. The element zinc is 30 on the periodic table. It is the minimum age allowed by the US Constitution for someone to become a senator. At age 30, Jesus of Nazareth was baptized by John the Baptist, beginning his public ministry of teaching and healing. Western Christianity's most prolific 20th century essayist, F. W. Boreham in 'Life at Thirty' ('Cliffs of Opal') mentions that in addition to Jesus commencing ministry at 30, Joseph was 30 when he stood before Pharaoh, King of Egypt, King David was 30 when he began to reign, and the Levites were numbered from the age of 30 and upward.

Paradoxes and juxtapositions;

new from the old.

That sense of a fresh start, like dawn emerging from the night…the old segueing into the new. So it is with the Caribbean Wellness and Lifestyle Magazine. As we stand on the cusp of our horizon staring into the proximal and distal future of 2014; we also take the time to look back at our past. It is indeed just the time to do so...we are at a crossroads and we are celebrating a mile stone.


Putting this together I'd say, at 30, we are tried, tested and complete; we have come of age and you our valued readers and subscribers can be assured that your beloved CW&L will be reflecting that maturity. There are so many things to talk about, it could be overwhelming. But let’s break it down into smaller pieces and eat the elephant…one bite at a time. This issue is diverse and explores a wide range of wellness and lifestyle issues, both locally and internationally. The cover is representative of one of the topics that dominated discussions in Jamaica and across the globe in 2013. The interviews and profiling of both celebrities and ‘celebrities to be’ present a new era in the life of


CW&L which you will begin to look forward to every quarter. There will be an expanded focus on lifestyle and the ‘Caribbean’ element of the publications, which will see you traversing the neighbouring terrain without having to pay for the flight. But we will remain true to our roots. It is just way too important. So wellness will remain our priority and we dare to add

a feature asking you to submit your feedback and or questions which will be

addressed in subsequent issues.

Let us know what you want to read about. As we move with the times, we have come to realize that our families are growing to include other species. Our pets are beginning a get a place of pride in our homes, and as with anyone important to us, their health and wellness is important, so going forward there will be a new feature ‘Pet Health’. You will get your fill on how to take care of your non-human companions. The passing year, was a great one for the publishing house. It saw us partnering with veteran journalist Ian Boyne on two occasions to bring to life his masterpieces reflecting two aspects of his major journalistic thrust. In the first instance Profile

of Excellence, the tome stemming from his work with TVJ, as host of one of the longest running local programs by the same host was co-authored by Career Strategist and Life Coach, Glenford Smith. Together they created a brilliant masterpiece by extracting some of the greatest life principles encountered through his interviews with persons who by anyone’s standards could be considered successful. Ideas Matter came seven months later and has place of pride with Ian. It represents his favourite pastime; scholarly endeavour; namely reading. Even as the hot topic of medicinal marijuana permeates the atmosphere, our E xecutive Chairman and Editor in Chief Dr. Henry Lowe had his finger on the pulse. Innovative, forward thinking and one known for taking the road less travelled, his newest addition to the EHF group, Medicanja, was launched with much fanfare and success. In the coming issues we will be providing snippets about this new baby.

approach that extend beyond exercise and food. There has to be a principle-centered approach that synergizes all facets of your life. We will open your awareness to the importance of being in tune with your environment and how that affects your health. We continue to do the research and bring the cutting edge facts to you because you deserve the best.

Thank you for having stayed with us for another year.

We promise greater things in 2014 and beyond!

Meleisa Witter Editorial & Creative Director

Finally, for persons committed to health and wellness this issue will be delightful and thought provoking. We implore you to embrace the fact that health and wellness require a holistic





Than s e e B to re o M is There

When you think of bees, honey immedia ely comes t

t t d

o mind, and unders an ably so.

What most people think of however, is just the viscous liquid’s ability to sweeten things and not its many medicinal and anti-bacterial properties. Worse, they know nothing of its rich history. Medical News Today states that ‘the possible health benefits of consuming honey have been documented in early Greek, Roman, Vedic, and Islamic texts and the healing qualities of honey were referred to by philosophers and scientists all the way back to ancient times, such as Aristotle (384 - 322 BC) and Aristoxenus (320 BC). Over four thousand years ago, honey was used as a traditional ayurvedic medicine, where it was thought to be effective at treating material imbalances in the body.




* In pre-ancient Egyptian times, honey was used topically to treat wounds.

* Egyptian medicinal compounds

more than five millennia ago used honey.

* The ancient Greeks believed that

consuming honey could help make you live longer.

* Even the Prophet Mohammed

glorified the healing powers of honey.


The Quran also praises honey’s healing ability.

Propolis Honey is also documented as being able to treat allergies, kill bacteria, shorten the duration of bacterial diarrhea in infants and young children, treat acid reflux and infantile gastroenteritis and help reverse bacterial resistance to antibiotics. This is a stellar list of achievements for the noble honey. But there is more to the honey creator, the bee, than just honey. Natural News provided the following data about three other aspects of the bee which do not readily come to mind.

Bee Pollen Bee pollen (also called bee bread) is pollen that has been packed into granules by worker bees to help feed the hive’s younger bees. It contains all the essential components of life; it is a ‘complete food’ much like eggs and raw milk. The average pollen ball, for instance, is comprised of approximately 40 percent protein, which includes at least 18 amino acids. Bee pollen also contains vitamins B, C, E and D, important enzymes that aid digestion, carotenes, essential fatty acids, polysaccharides and countless trace minerals like iron, zinc, magnesium and copper. Bee pollen is also rich in cancer-fighting antioxidants, including the super-antioxidant rutin, which, according to researchers at the Institute of Apiculture in Taranov, Russia, has the ability to strengthen our capillaries.

Propolis is a sticky, brown substance made from bee saliva and tree bark resin which is used by bees to seal their hives from invaders. Though it might not seem appetizing, propolis is a fantastic superfood that has been cherished for centuries in Europe for its medicinal properties. Like bee pollen, propolis is made up of a dense concentration of nutrients. It contains high amounts of vitamins A, B, C and E, as well as many amino acids, antioxidants and over 60 trace minerals, effectively covering the full spectrum from A (antimony) to Z (zinc). All of these nutrients work in tandem to aid our bodies’ natural processes. Propolis has enjoyed a considerable amount of research. Recent studies have found that it contains anticancer pro p e r t i e s , a nt i-i n f l a m m at or y properties, antiseptic properties, and immune-boosting properties. Other studies have also found that propolis contains anti-aging benefits and that it can even treat dental plaque.

amino acids), and it boasts a trace mineral profile comparable to those of bee pollen and propolis. Like propolis, royal jelly has been subjected to countless studies. Researchers have discovered that it can suppress blood supplies to tumors, improve insulin resistance and blood pressure and remove unfriendly bacterial cultures from our bodies. Moreover, royal jelly also stimulates estrogen production, which helps stabilize menstrual cycles in women and improve sperm morphology in men.

The next time you are looking for a hobby perhaps you could consider becoming an

aPiaRist: a BeekeePeR. We should make a conscious effort to sustain the species of this little creature that gives so much.

Royal Jelly Royal jelly is a thick, milky-white substance that is secreted from the glands of worker bees to feed their larvae and queen. Another amazing ‘complete food’, royal jelly is packed with vitamins A, C, B and E, antioxidants and protein (including all eight essential


Most kids will have more t han one episode of fever during childhood.

Parenting anWell



fever some parents panic once they realize that their child is having a fever. although it is understandable for them to be concerned, there is usually no reason to panic. Fever occurs when the body’s internal thermostat raises the body temperature above its normal limits. This limit depends on different factors, including how it is measured and the time of day. In most instances, the upper limit of normal is 100 F ((37.7 C). Fever can cause your child discomfort. It may make his heart beat faster, cause him to breathe faster and increase the amount of fluids he needs.



Some possible causes of fever include: 1. infection: Most fevers are caused by germs. The presence of fever is a sign that the body is trying to fight these germs. 2. overdressing: Infants, especially newborns may get fevers if they are wrapped too much. This occurs as they are unable to control their body temperature. 3. immunization: Fever may occur after receiving vaccines. In some instances this may occur as long as a week after receiving the vaccine.

Parents tend to add teething to that list. Most experts will tell you that teething may cause a slight increase in temperature. However, it is unlikely to be the cause of temperatures greater than 100F (37.7 C). Most times, there is no need to panic once you realize that your child is having a fever. If your child is younger than three months however you should talk to your doctor immediately. In older children watching how they behave can help you to decide whether this is a major or minor illness.

In most cases a fever only needs to be treated if it is causing the child to be uncomfortable. This can be done by: 1. Giving an appropriate dosage of anti-fever medication. This only helps to bring the fever down temporarily. It does not treat the underlying cause of the fever. 2. Giving a sponge bath using lukewarm water. It is not advisable to use alcohol, ice packs or cold baths. 3. Dressing the child in light clothes.

You should consult Your doctor if Your child has anY of the following: 1. Increased fussiness 2. Difficulty staying awake 3. Abnormal rash 4. Fever lasting more than 72 hours in an older child and more than 24 hours in a child less than 2 years old.

It is best to keep children away from school or daycare during this period. They may return when they have had a normal temperature for at least 24 hours. Most kids will have more than one episode of fever during childhood. The way they behave during this period tells you more than the thermometer. However if you are unsure about what to do, or the cause of the fever you should consult your doctor.

5. Difficulty breathing

It is best to

eep children away from school or k

6. Chronic illness such as sickle cell disease or heart disease 7. Stiff neck 8. Severe headache

Dr Lisa N C Franklin-Banton | President | Paediatric Association of Jamaica


during this period.


H T A y E b D G N I T T SI and its r u o i v a h Be cy Sedentary fE E x pEcTA n

on E f f E cT


by Alicea James


or years, health experts have warned about the dangers of sedentary behavior not only at home but also in the workplace.

Those of us with desk jobs often experience legs cramps, back pains and several other uncomfortable symptoms, but as researchers devote more time to this subject they realize that it goes deeper than just a few uncomfortable symptoms. Studies show that sitting for more than three hours per day can cut life expectancy, even if you are physically active and refrain from dangerous habits such as excessive alcohol drinking or smoking.

Peter Katzmarzyk, professor of epidemiology at the Pennington Biomedical Research Center has done his share of research on the subject. To gauge the effect of being sedentary, professor Katzmarzyk and his colleagues pooled data from five studies that asked participants about their sedentary habits, including how much time they spent sitting, watching TV or using the computer. The researchers folded in the mortality risk

associated with sedentary behavior, then calculated how many years of life would be gained if these risk factors were removed from life expectancy calculations.

The study proved that sitting can shorten life expectancy almost as much as smoking can, which highlights just how damaging inactivity can be, particularly for the heart. According to professor Katzmarzyk, the results mean that if we got everyone to sit less, our population life expectancy would be two years higher, so instead of living to 78.5 years old, we would be expected to live to 80.5 years old. This research doesn’t prove that sitting for an extended period causes early death, but it shows a link. According to Katzmarzyk,

‘Sitting a lot doesn’t mean you’ll die earlier, but it increases the risk.’ He further noted that many people spend nine or more hours a day in their seats, especially those who work long hours at a desk job, travel frequently or watch a lot of TV. The people in sedentary occupations are at higher risk of early death, even just standing up to work at your desk or moving around as you work is better for your health. There are other studies that seem to share similar results. An analysis of five large-scale studies following about two million people in several different countries found that the life expectancies of people who said they spent more than three hours a day sitting, were two years less than people who spent less than three hours sitting daily. It


is important to note that early evidence has linked an excess of sitting time to several chronic maladies such as diabetes, heart disease and cancer. In 2011, scientists found a link between sedentary jobs, or jobs that don’t require a lot of energy expenditure, with colon and rectal cancer. Scientists uncovered similar findings in March 2012, when they found that cancers linked to obesity and lack of physical activity rose every year from 1999 through 2008.

According to these studies, several factors come into play when trying to figure out why ‘sitting’ may take years off your life:


The more time you spend sitting, the more likely you are to passively eat snacks or consume high calorie drinks resulting in unhealthy weight gain. (Whether at home or at the office)

When you are sedentary for * long periods, your blood does not circulate as it should, and when blood doesn’t flow through your veins up to your heart, it can lead to blood clot. Sitting for a long period * suppresses your immune system, which may increase the risk of cancer and other diseases.

linking sedentary behavior to various illnesses it is often difficult for persons to find time to get on their feet, especially persons with desk jobs. Although we all have an obligation to do our job and do it efficiently, we need to be healthy in order to perform at our best. Here are some tips to help us on our feet while at work and in turn help us live a little bit longer. Get up from your chair inter* mittently while at work; instead of sending an email walk over to your coworkers and discuss the subject. At times try to stand while * speaking on the phone. For every 30 minutes you sit, * stand up and stretch your body appropriately. When sitting for a while try * to keep your chest (sternum) in front of your chin. As soon as the head starts to fall forward you enter the compression and degeneration danger zone. Play around to see if you can feel a difference. You will do less harm by * sitting upright on the front edge of your chair. Backrests tend to promote excessive rounding of the spine, and tend to push people into what’s called an anterior head carriage. The further forward your head goes the shorter your hip flexors will remain and that just leads to all sorts of movement problems.

Despite the mounting evidence



Research Information courtesy of: news/articles/2012/07/09/ study-excessive-sitting-cuts-life-expectancy-by-two-years Sitting-For-Longer-Hour-ShortenLife-Expectancy/

ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH FOUNDATION (EHF) Mission Statement Our mission is to identify and implement programmes for sustainable development in Jamaica and the Diaspora in the areas of health, environment and education. The appropriate programmes and projects will then be funded by grants from EHF and its strategic partners.


Our vision is to be recognized as a leader in enhancing the quality of people’s lives.

EHF Recognized for its role in 'Civic Leadership' In September 2013, the Environmental Health Foundation (EHF) was nominated for an American Chamber of Commerce of Jamaica (AMCHAM) Business & Civic Leadership Award, for excellence in “Civic Leadership”. The AMCHAM awards seek to celebrate, highlight and encourage those who inspire others with their vision, leadership and achievement. The goal of the awards programme is to showcase businesses, individuals and non-profit organizations that are driving and achieving economic and social progress in Jamaica through ethical leadership, stewardship, and community building activities. EHF’s nomination speaks volumes for the work that the Foundation has been doing in social outreach and nation building in Jamaica for the past 21 years.

Environmental Health Foundation | Suite 15, Eden Gardens, 39 Lady Musgrave Road, Kingston 10

Tel: (876) 927-3040 | Fax: (876) 978-0602 | Email: | Website:

@ EHFJamaica

Discover Magnesium The Miracle Mineral By Melesia Witter


new ‘miracle’ mineral is emerging on the scene according to a growing number of health professionals. It is in fact certainly not ‘new’ in the sense of being novel or unknown, but in the context of understanding its importance to the maintenance and functioning of our bodies and brains optimally, magnesium is being touted as the newest wonder worker on the block. Newly recognized as one of the most important minerals, it would not be difficult to presume that most persons lack magnesium, as people tend to pay attention to the health fads which get the most airplay, and without a shadow of a doubt, magnesium has not been in that category. But what is the 101 on magnesium; and why should everyone add it to their list of ‘must take’ vitamins in 2014?





Of critical importance, is the fact that it is a major co-factor in about 325 enzyme systems throughout the body. (A co-factor is a chemical compound that is required for certain enzymes — called conjugated enzymes — to become active). Vitamins and minerals serve as the co-factors required by the human body to function properly. These nutrients may either be co-factors themselves or may be chemically modified to become co-factors once they are in the body.

It is a very important mineral in achieving and maintaining strong bones and skeletal system.


Is is fundamental to a healthy heart and optimal brain function.


Magnesium deficiency, when untreated, may lead to imbalance in hormone levels, irregular heart rate and even heart attack.




It is essential in promoting restful sleep.

Its deficiency results in dozens of serious health conditions; of which dreaded migraine headaches, annoying restless leg syndrome, fearsome lifestyle illness high blood pressure, respiratory illnesses, brain disorders and deadly blood clots are just a few. In addition to those named physical conditions, psychological aberration such as agitation and anxiety, trouble sleeping, muscle twitches and spasms can also result from the lack of sufficient dietary magnesium and children may suffer loss of appetite and problems with memory and concentration.


In women, problems with menstrual periods, such as irregularity, as well as tender breasts, may indicate a magnesium deficiency.

In severe cases, symptoms of magnesium deficiency are hypertension, osteoporosis, body numbness, severe involuntary muscle twitching, hallucinations, tingling sensation all over the body.



t is then, not difficult to imagine that magnesium plays a key role in the proper functioning of vital organs like the kidneys and gallbladder. It is also pivotal to the functioning of every single system in the body, or put another way; without magnesium, there is no single system in the body that can function. But without a high level of awareness about this vitally important mineral, why haven’t more persons succumbed to the symptoms mentioned above? Luckily, in Jamaica there are a large number of natural sources from which we get even trace elements of the mineral. Some of the local foods containing magnesium which form a part of our diet are dark leafy greens, nuts and seeds, fish (mackerel), beans and lentils, whole grains, avocados, low-fat dairy, bananas, dried fruit, dark chocolate, molasses, cornmeal.

even dehydration or hereditary factors also destroy magnesium in our bodies. It is recommended that we supplement what we think we get from food sources. Especially, since it has been discovered, that a deficiency of the mineral leads to a gallimaufry of chronic diseases in later life. And without even being aware, many persons currently suffer complaints of mild conditions such as insomnia, brain fog and even more extreme ones such as heart diseases and diabetes, which they do not know are attributable to the deficiency of magnesium. ‘Magnesium itself is a co-factor and responsible for the function of 325 enzymes; is an absolute requirement for calcium to be incorporated into bone; keeps toxic chemicals out of the brain; dances with calcium to create nerve impulses and muscle impulses; keeps muscles relaxed, including the heart and blood vessels, and triggers dozens of health conditions if it is deficient,’ writes Dr. Carolyn Dean, in an article entitled, ‘The Magnesium Miracle.’


However, we must be aware that there are several things that we do which deplete the magnesium gained from consuming these foods. Consumption of normal, everyday things like caffeine and sugar actually destroys it in our bodies. Alcohol, antibiotics and


t is a well known fact, and confirmed by one of the leading experts on mineral magnesium, Dr. Carolyn Dean, that ‘conventional farming methods have repeatedly shown to deplete trace elements like magnesium from soils, rendering them ‘dead’ in terms of their ability to sustain nutrient-dense foods'. She goes on to make the point that ‘most fertilizers don’t contain magnesium, so foods are lacking.' Of course, for the persons very serious about their health, there is no desire to obtain trace elements through fertilizers, as it has been shown that every cancer cell that has been removed from the body contains traces of fertilizer. So our magnesium supply needs to come from another source. The government's recommended daily allowance for magnesium is between 350 and 400 milligrams daily for adults. Dr. Dean suggests taking at least twice this amount for optimal health. Since magnesium oxide is poorly absorbed, she recommends taking magnesium citrate and magnesium taurate instead, as well as spraying magnesium oil on the skin for maximum bioavailability.


Dr. Mark Sircus, Director of the International Medical Veritas Association stated in an article titled, ‘Magnesium Warnings' that signs of excess magnesium can be very subtle and can occur with longterm use of magnesium supplements and laxatives. The symptoms can be similar to magnesium deficiency and include: changes in mental status, nausea, diarrhea, loss of appetite, muscle weakness, difficulty breathing, extremely low blood pressure, and irregular heartbeat. Though extremely rare, severe magnesium intoxication is manifested by a sharp drop in blood pressure and respiratory paralysis.’ He went on to say, ‘Patients with excessively slow heart rates should also be careful because slow hearts can be made even slower, as magnesium relaxes the heart. And when there is an obstruction in the bowel, additional caution is required because the main route of elimination of oral magnesium is through the bowel.

Magnesium supplementation is known to interact with many different pharmaceutical drugs and it is wise to know what these are when treating patients. Certain drugs will increase the loss of magnesium in urine. Thus, taking these medications for long periods of time may contribute to magnesium depletion. On the other hand, many antacids and laxatives contain magnesium. When frequently taken in large doses, these drugs can inadvertently lead to excessive magnesium consumption and hypermagnesemia, which refers to elevated levels of magnesium in blood.’ There are other ways to get magnesium in our system such as the absorption of magnesium oil through our largest organ, the skin. Caution must be exercised though, especially with children and the elderly as it may be harsh and should be applied diluted, until the body adapts or could cause burns. This method however, will reduce the concern about loose stools which magnesium sometimes presents.


he conclusion, therefore, is to get on board with this new medical wave. Education is key, and moderation is essential; but it is definitely the way to go in 2014. In Dr. Dean's view, if you were to take only one supplement for your health, magnesium would be the one to choose. It is simply that powerful in terms of balancing health and maintaining homeostasis.



t must be acknowledged that magnesium consumption must be moderate. Just as the deficiency is problematic, and long term deficiency can actually lead to some irreversible conditions, an overdose carries its own set of consequences. Toxicity or poisoning can occur from an overdose of magnesium. This is not an easily achievable feat though, except in instances of intravenous administration or in cases where someone is suffering from renal failure and is unable to properly process the magnesium intake. So persons with impaired kidneys or children suffering from dehydration are not encouraged to take magnesium supplements without clearance from their medical practitioner and the issues addressed.

Living with

autism Coping StrategieS for familieS

by Dona Miller

... incorporate

your child in FUN

FAMILY activities.


ver the years different coping strategies have

been employed for autism. Some of the most common include treatment services for the child, family support, religion, spirituality, philosophical attitudes, domestic activities, group interventions, parental support groups, sibling support groups, and counseling services. Families often employ a social support model which include the help of extended family, friends, agencies, programs, workshops, and other families in similar situations. These strategies may help to foster a resilient attitude in families. Some may become closer and truly appreciate the strength of the family bond created. It must be noted that coping strategies are dynamic and they change with time. It must also be remembered that autism is lifelong, and coping strategies help parents and family to shift from problem focused to emotional ways of coping. Moreover, coping strategies over time help families to appreciate the individual with autism, moving the family from emotional distress to acceptance. It follows too that with time the nature of the individual’s problem may change as well as the availability of services. These changes will bring about new factors in the coping equation.

Therapies and treatments will help individuals with autism, but families also need activities to help them in their psychosocial well-being.

As you navigate being the parent or part of a family that includes an autistic individual there are several things to keep in mind:


Appreciate the positive moments. Yes there will be many challenges, but there will also be many positives. Enjoy and be thankful for the accomplishments that not only the individual with autism accomplishes, but those too of the other family members.


Seek advice from parents and other families affected by autism. There are millions of families that have been affected by autism and other disabilities. Go to workshops, support groups, read and share what you learn.


other disabilities. Do not be scared to network and find them as they will help you to sensitize the individual to new experiences.


Do not give up on your social life. Many parents often relate that they feel isolated and have no friends. As you meet new people from workshops and other social situations, forge new friendships. Be around people who are understanding of the situation and try to incorporate your child in fun family activities.


Keep in mind that autism is considered lifelong. Where possible, plan for the future. Plans may include the individual’s special needs, emergency funds, and future living situation.






Autism’ was featured in issue 29 of Caribbean Wellness and Lifestyle Magazine.

Try to find doctors and professionals who understand. There are family physicians, dentists, therapists, speech pathologists, physiotherapists, other specialists, caregivers, teachers and children aides who have experience dealing with autism and


QA What is your philosophy of training? Knowing fully well that a person is pushing themselves to the limit, to a point where after the training session they will look back and be proud of the work they have put it.

What types of evaluations are conducted for new clients who want to begin a fitness regimen? I direct them to one of our certified personal trainers who will take their measurements, weight, body mass index (BMI) and fat percentage. They will be asked questions about their goals: whether it is to tone up, shed some pounds or change of lifestyle. The trainer will then create a fitness program based on the clients specific needs and guide them toward their goal.

How important is nutrition in creating clients regimens? Nutrition is one of the most important things in a fitness program. What you put in is what you get out and usually when I'm co-ordinating Gymkhana’s boot camp, I have either our nutritionist



AndreW KHAn Assistant Manager-GyMkhAnA or one of our personal trainers give a talk about proper nutrition, serving sizes and types of food to avoid.

How do you help clients at different levels of physical activity during a workout class? During our boot camp, day one is generally used to evaluate the fitness level of each person so they can be dealt with on a case by case basis. We have about three trainers at any given time so we can group persons according to their fitness level and work within those groups.

How does group training help persons? Persons in a group setting can be motivated by seeing their peers putting out the effort and wanting to fit in with the crowd. Everyone normally tries to conform. It's pretty much the same structure of basic army training.

If clients are discouraged during a training session, how do you keep them motivated? Well it depends. If (for example) I have a female client who is married, I would say to her ‘come on push yourself, make


your husband proud, think about how irresistible your body will be to him!’ So it's really about having that bond with the clients and knowing how to motivate them.

How do you keep your fitness training knowledge up to date? In August of last year, the general manager and I attended the 'Idea Convention' in Los Angeles where we were able to see the fitness industry on an international level. New techniques, new machinery and several innovative tools within the field of fitness were showcased at the convention. So participation in fitness expos, in my opinion, is one of the best ways for professionals in the fitness industry to keep up to date with what is happening.

How has Gymkhana managed to survive and thrive when so many other Gyms have failed? As Gymkhana’s assistant manager, I try to make the experience of each one of our clients my highest priority. The management team is confident in our staff who make the experiences of our members special .


Doctor-Doctor Home Remedies and Early Management Medical practitioners must be quite concerned with patients who use the computer to diagnose and at times incorrectly treat themselves. However, we know from our grandparents and great-grandparents who treated fever with fever-grass, and cold and cough with ginger tea that sometimes these methods work, for example first aid, second aid, third aid, lemonade and even Ganja aid. When I graduated as a doctor, I met a young man suffering from an ankle injury, considered to be a sprain and was seen by the village massage specialist. Needless to say, after one month and a lot of agony, the patient saw me just out of medical school. An x-ray later diagnosed the issue as a fracture of the lower tibia bone and proper medical actions quickly relieved this young man’s suffering and healed him.

Knowledge of the Body:

Diseases that can be avoided

PATIENT’S EFFORT: One step further to our successful health care can be achieved by the computer or an experienced adult, nurse practitioner or sick-nurse dispenser.

DOCTOR’S APPROACH: Doctors use simple methods to investigate: history, observation, palpations (feeling), percussion (sounding), auscultation (listening to the trumpet/stethoscope), x-rays, laboratory findings, to name a few, and of course their clinical experience.

HOME APPROACH: Simple weight observance, blood pressure, blood sugar, waist measurements and urine testing can be done by the patient right at home.


ADVANCED METHODS: However, more detailed understanding can be achieved by modern laboratory tests, x-rays, CT scans and MRIs. More so, the doctor’s experience in digital rectal examination to identify a prostatic mass, and palpation of the abdomen or examination of the womb when a woman is pregnant, are all helpful.


The practice of exercising and obedience to dietary changes is often quickly appreciated by the patient.



C omputer-Doctor Dangers Delay


Most patients have financial problems, so they try home remedies such as garlic and coconut water to control their blood pressure. They also have a long wait to see the doctors in their offices. The wicket can become very sticky when the blood pressure gets to 200 systolic and 120 diastolic (normal range is 120-130/80-70). These values are in millimeter mercury. These high values can lead to stroke and heart attack (myocardial infarction). Fevers and infections may be badly handled at home and can lead to early death. Being dead by age 20 can be very revealing to the families of such a young person. Of course we have to die some time, however, by medical knowledge, we can assist

patients to live happily for 90-100 years. Our challenge is trying to prevent strokes and heart attacks, but if these occur, we can only then try our best to help these patients live meaningful lives, despite their loss of one side of the body or inability to help themselves.

Diabetes Care and Control By proper care we can prevent many diabetes related complications, such as eye damage, heart damage, kidney, blood vessel damage leading to loss of limbs and nerve damage leading to impotence. Doctors are trained to observe dietary indiscretions, lack of exercise, dangers of smoking and excess alcohol intake, undue stress, lack of sleep,

lack of water, to name a few of the physical needs. Most doctors are now aware of the importance of emotional, social, financial, environmental and spiritual needs and their impact on the physical and intellectual well-being.

The most important role of the doctor is to be human. With an attitude of kindness, many ills can be revealed, medico-legal issues resolved and cures executed by the grace of God.

By Dr Hame Persaud


HELP! I'MIDLIFE m going t hrough CRISIS By Richard Kelly

What is a Midlife C risis?

Paula and John had an ideal relationship, married for 20 years with two children. Despite a few challenges, life was good. John was your typical family man who would buy his wife gifts and surprise her with the occasional bouquet of roses. He would call to check up on her throughout the day and despite working late some evenings, he made an effort to go home early and be with his family. Most things were fine until Paula noticed a change in Johns attentiveness. He started to reach home late and was noticeably quiet around the family. The daily phone calls became less and he no longer sent roses. He was moody, impatient and irritable and he was also drinking heavily. However, Paula reassured herself that John, being 45 was probably experiencing severe stress at work. She mistook John’s unusual behavior and introverted attitude as a sign of depression.

Although the short story above is fictional, it depicts what many couples experience during a certain period of their lives. Between the ages of 35 and 60 both men and women may experience what is known as a midlife crisis. As defined by Elliott Jaques in 1965, midlife crisis occurs when adults come to realize their own mortality

SY MPTOMS OF 1 2 3 4 5 26

and how much time is left in their life. This may lead them to explore, try new things, want new experiences and display different behaviours. This can be an extremely stressful time for the persons experiencing the crisis as well as their spouses, family members and friends. The person suffering from midlife crisis may do things that could damage their health as well as their reputation.

While midlife crisis affects both women and men, I will focus on men in this article. It is often said that once an older man wants a red sports car and a bevy of beauties to share the front seat with, then he is experiencing a midlife crisis. Although there is no scientific basis to support this conclusion, men undergoing midlife crisis seem to display some of these yearnings and behaviours.

Midlife C risis

Alcohol and substance abuse; Acquisition of unusual or expensive items such as sports cars, motorbikes and boats; Entering into relationships with younger women; or Paying too much attention to physical appearance neglecting physical appearance; Obsessively competing with younger men;


7 8 9


Placing over-importance on one’s children to excel in sports, academics, work etc. If the pressure is too great, the children may become psychologically affected; Excessive boredom; Depression; Loss of interest in work and career .

This is not to say that a man that is experiencing any or all of the symptoms above is going through a midlife crisis. He may take up a hobby that he dropped 20 years ago or may be excessively looking back to his childhood. Midlife crisis sufferers may also be upset with their lives and the way the world is going. A stressful event such as a break-up, divorce, loss or change of job and lifestyle may also trigger this symptom.

This is not to say that midlife crisis is widespread and that every man (or woman) will go through it. Many episodes in our lives may be inappropriately labelled as such. Studies have shown that only a comparatively small percentage of the population actually experience midlife crisis. Midlife crisis seems to be a Western phenomenon. A study done in 1999 by the MacArthur Foundation Research Network

on successful midlife development, showed that most persons during their mid years had a sense of achievement, stability, good health and a positive outlook on life. The study also found out that men who were in relationships during their mid years did not get up and leave their spouses as popular culture may tell us. In general, there seem to be several myths about midlife crisis.

C oping WITH MIDLIFE CRISIS Persons life cing mid experien . One of d e lp e h be f crisis can e ways o iv t c e f f e the most risis is to c e h t g in combatt luate and a v e , d a e usly r continuo sues self on is e n o e t a educ g men’s concer nin health.

Here are a few tips to overcome this often challenging period:

1. 2. 3. 4.

Recognize and own your feelings and try to understand them.

Be positive about the changes occurring in your life and use this time for positive transformation. Strengthen the bond between you and family members and friends. Volunteer for charity work.

Spouses, family members and friends can also help men suffering from midlife crisis by: >> Being less judgmental. >> Being patient and understanding. >> Trying to understand what the sufferer is going through. >> Listening to the man experiencing midlife crisis. >> Participating in some new activity that he ( the sufferer) is participating in. >> Strengthening the familial bond and also the bonds of friendship. >> Helping the person seek help from a professional if the need arises. >> Constantly highlighting the positive attributes and achievements of the person.

5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

Improve your general health and wellness. Exercise and eat nutritiously to remain healthy. Explore and strengthen your spiritual


Respect your achievements.

If you feel overwhelmed, slow down and lower your stress level. Seek counselling or some form of help. Most men think that counselling is a sign of weakness, but it could be a positive step.

Based on scientific studies (which seem to be few) midlife crisis seems overrated. It would be beneficial to have more studies done on the phenomenon so better conclusions can be made. Regardless, this period can be used for positive transformation, introspection and reflection. By being proactive, supportive and understanding we can take the ‘crisis’ out of midlife. Technical Coordinator, EHF Group



Dating Tips We know the saying, ‘men are from Mars and women from Venus,’ but is there anything held in common between the sexes? Dating experts will tell us that there are principles which apply across the planets when it comes to dating. Some dating advice is actually gender-neutral and of course, the bottom line is, good advice is good advice. So here are some gender neutral dating tips from the professionals:


. Per fection is not required

both sides of the The number one rule we have heard from mind. We are fence is to go into ever y date with an open should look , act, acculturated to think our idea l partners ght process we and be a particular way. From this thou ortant things create lists without taking much more imp gs we focus on into consideration. Most times, the thin ding take a back such as career, appearance and social stan caring spir it seat to a dynamic persona lity and a generous ies have show n when we get to truly know the person. Stud ried for more also, that many couples who have been mar be very different than 50 years found their life partners to from their initial expectations.


. Honesty is the best policy

On a first date, the mature, sensitive person is willing to accept that you may not want to talk about certain things. Embellishing a story which you might have to relate in its true colors later on, is definitely a no-no. It is never a good idea to not speak the truth, and certainly an unwise way to start a relationship.


. Save the research for the job interview

Almost everyone has some kind of presence on the world wide web via the var ious social site s. For some, the lack of a presence means a lack of status, it may be quite tempting to do some research, but try to avoid that temptation. You may draw preconceived notions which impact the way you relate to your date, and you may be ver y wrong.


. Travel lightly

On that first date, let the past stay in the past. A litany of your past loves, hates, etc. is not the right footing to start off on. If a relationship develops and you progress beyond the first few dates you can talk about those relationships. Whether good or bad, you can't gain anything from rehashing the past.


. Quit while you are ahead

Never overstay your welcome; keep the first date short and sweet. It is always smart to leave the person wanting more .





WELLNESS Go To Do Wi h I ? t



efore the discovery of the polio vaccine and penicillin, communicable diseases were the primary cause of death and illness. Unsafe food

and water, as well as poor living conditions meant that people did not have as much control over their health as they do today. Lately people are faced with different challenges, where mortality and morbidity are concerned. In Western society and societies influenced by western culture, lifestyle diseases have




by Mark McDonald

taken over as the leading cause of death and illness. Our attitudes and choices are major contributors to our health. Heart disease, cancer and stroke are the front-runners in death among all age groups in the United States and are responsible for some 75 percent of all deaths.

It has been hypothesized that the individual is in control of some 53 per cent of the factors that affect the health and quality of life. Environmental factors and available health care facilities account for another 30 percent, leaving approximately 15-16 percent to heredity and gene pool. That said, it puts the individual in control of 80 percent of his/her own well-being, according to the lifestyle choices we make. Wellness refers to adopting attitudes and behaviours that can lengthen and improve our quality of life. It means taking responsibility for the direction of our lives, excluding the errant 16 percent or so, over which we have no control.

The components of wellness include:


The spiritual (belief in a

cancer; a cause of about one-third of the cases of hypertension and increases the body’s resistance to insulin, which leads to Type II Diabetes. Men who have body fat measurements of 25 percent and women who have approximately 32 percent are considered moderately obese. The human body has some forty billion fat cells which help to store energy. When we eat, whatever is not used immediately or stored as muscle or liver glycogen is stored in our adipose tissue. Excessive caloric intake and inadequate energy expenditure in the form of exercise contribute to the development of obesity or increase in the size and possible number of fat cells. Although research has not proven that exercise reduces weight, it is the primary contributor in preventing weight gain.

higher force)

The social (how we interact * with others) The emotional (our ability to * express our emotions)


The intellectual (how we process and use information) The physical (our level of * physical fitness or how hard or easy we find it to complete physical tasks.

HOW MUCH CAN EXERCISE INFLUENCE WELLNESS? Since obesity has been shown to be a major contributor to the development of several lifestyle diseases, its control is of utmost importance. It is highly correlated with coronary heart disease, a major risk factor for some forms of

The American College of Sports Medicine recommends expending 300-500 calories per exercise session, five times a week. It is also suggested that a two-pronged approach be undertaken, i.e., reduced intake combined with the increased daily expenditure. The type of calories eaten also matters. Foods high in fat contribute more to fat storage than those with a higher percentage of complex carbohydrates and protein. Fat is more easily stored because it costs the body less to digest fats, than it does to digest carbohydrates. Individuals should also avoid fad diets. They have a less than five percent success rate and are counterproductive and even harmful. Very low calorie diets produce abnormal electrocardiographic patterns that are possibly the result of protein loss from the heart muscle. They also

cause a drop in basal metabolic rate (the amount of calories required by the body for normal functioning of organs) on a long term basis. You can recognize these diets based on the following characteristics: They often claim to have a * secret ingredient.

* They promise quick results. They never stress long-term * changes in eating patterns. They always claim to work * for everyone. They almost always disre* gard sound nutritional principles.

Aerobic exercise, to include but not limited to, swimming, walking and cycling, helps greatly in the weight loss process. High intensity activity such as resistance training is also recommended for participants who can safely engage in same. Resistance training actually helps to maintain or increase lean mass and promotes increased bone density. This is important to one’s quality of life over the long term, as it mitigates against osteoporosis and muscle loss due to injury. This, combined with a conscious approach to nutrition is the more sensible approach. Research has shown that overweight people who exercise regularly enjoy the same benefits as lean people who exercise at the same level. So we can all enjoy an active lifestyle regardless of our body type or size well into old age.i


g n i l e i l f h i c o n f r u P ro La k o P Bo by


le Me



i aW


It was exciting and nerve -wracking at once.

Strange how one little four by eight strip of paper could generate that intense reaction. Well; it was not just any strip of paper. It seemed to be of the finest vellum, beautifully embossed and artfully designed and it was an invitation, hand delivered, to attend a premier social event. A book launch at King’s House. I had two weeks to the launch date to get fabulous; there was absolutely no uncertainty that this little country girl would be hobnobbing with the elite and glitterati of high society. The calibre of invitees brooked no such reservation. I had no intention of sticking out like a sore thumb. Mark you, I did not mind, in fact, I craved being different and standing out even, but not in an uncultured, non-classy way. I had to get this right!



Ha i r, c hec k! Sleek a nd sh i ny thanks to a new do; outfit, check! Definitely attention grabbing, accessories simple but elegant, not into the ‘ghetto fab’ look, not for a King’s House event. The moment of truth was less than an hour away. I must have done something right, despite looking so characteristically different from everyone else, I did not feel uncomfortable as I made my way through the evening. I had failed to factor in that at 6:00 pm, most invitees who were career people and

senior e xecut ives wou ld be in work attire. Suits were everywhere; pu nc t u ate d o cc a s ion a l ly by a semi-formal dress. But somehow it was evident from the start that this was not what the evening was about. The menu was varied and spicy, ranging from the beautiful cooing of singer Cherine Anderson as she did a wonderful rendition of the song ‘Eagles and Doves’, to the Governor General’s address, endorsement, and well articulated speech. The guest speaker Leachim Semaj and other organizations all paid tribute to the man and his work and life even. The attendees were high ranking executives and business tycoons marshaled from various organizations. There were four national leaders past and present, including (as indicated before) the GG, the current prime minister and two past prime ministers representing both sides of our highly ‘tribalistic’ political divide. That in itself spoke volumes. The excellent vote of thanks by the poised and eloquent Kelly-Ann Boyne, was itself a pièce de resistance. But, indeed, the man of the hour Ian Boyne

was larger than life. Sharing the stage with co-author Glenford Smith, they graciously and humbly accepted accolades and gave credit where it was due for the milestone and exemplary achievement. It was one of those moments when you realized that just being there was enough; that being considered for an invitation was a declaration of an honour. And I reveled in the moment.

The food was fantastic. The caterers in keeping with the high class act provided the coup de grâce with their regal cuisine feat of pairing basil tomato salsa with barbecued wings and chicken and pineapple kebabs. Two glasses of expensive red wine, a rousing toast to Glenford and Ian, photographs with the greats and my evening came to an end. On the drive home I found myself reflecting thoughtfully about

the benefits of perseverance, integrity and creativity. I smiled to myself as I mentally added the occasion to the category of ‘ that night you wish would not end, that dress you never have to take off and that hairstyle you’d never have to undo.’

te d A ddIC to Pending by: Clinton Gordon


he festive season is widely recognized as a time for religion, family and enjoyment. It has also become highly commercialized to attract and

compel persons to spend. Holiday seasons can trigger shopping binges as it creates the perfect excuse for some who find it hard to ignore the call to relinquish their cash, or their fascination to spend. The Oxford dictionary defines an obsessive uncontrollable urge to buy things or spend, as an oniomania. This condition affects both men and women but is more prominent in adult women. Point to note, not all people who go on a spending spree have oniomania. Some are just unable to demonstrate control and moderation. Still, others who shop may have an uncontrollable desire and urge to shop that is conclusive to a shopping addiction.



Here are some key behavioral patterns which would indicate if you or someone you know has an addiction to spending:

to address you about your spending habits.

* Normal persons will recognize

you can’t seem to break the habit.

and admit that they can’t afford to buy a particular item, but spending addicts don’t recognize the boundaries of a budget.

* You go to buy one item and leave

with multiple items that you don’t need.


Acquiring at least one new item every week.

* Hiding purchases for fear of being

criticized or reprimanded.

* Shopping or buying to soothe

emotions such as anger, depression, anxiety or loneliness.

* Feeling lost or empty without your

debit or credit cards

* Arguing with friends who try

* You’ve tried to stop shopping but TreaTmenT meThods Compulsive spending generally makes a person feel worse. If you identified with five or more points mentioned above,you have an affinity to overspend. It is time to start thinking differently about hobbies and your regular routines. The first step involves accepting that you have a problem and admitting that you are a compulsive spender, which is half the battle. The next step is to seek help, and there are different treatment methods available:


* Regularly taking items on credit

Cognitive therapy

* Feeling euphoric while spending

this method of treatment seeks to help change the persons thought process in relation to shopping.

from persons who visit your home or office which leaves you with a huge bill at the end of the month. without thought or care or concern.

* Buyer’s remorse – Feeling guilty,

ashamed, or embarrassed after a spending spree.

* Juggling funds between accounts

to mask how much you really spent on purchases.

* Taking regular loans to clear

2 FinanCial Counseling this is often necessary to get the compulsive shopper back on track and to ensure that they remain on track.

3 MediCations sometimes, overspending is the result of depression, anxiety or other mental illness which is treatable with medication.

4 Behavioral therapy this aims to change negative behaviors such as poor spending habits into more positive behaviors.

There are also things that you can do on your own to help quell unnecessary spending. Get rid of checkbooks and credit cards, which fuel the problem. Don’t shop by yourself because most compulsive shoppers tend to shop alone; if you are with someone you are less likely to overspend. Find other meaningful ways to occupy your time and keep in mind that while behavior change is clearly crucial to recovery, so is reaching out for help.

mounting bills just to have room to spend again.


HOLES in my purse

Getting Rid of Bad Financial Habits for 2014 by Kayan Vaz

It’s official, happy 2014 everyone! You have made it through another year and spent the holiday season indulging in gifts, shopping, family togetherness and parties; it’s now time for you to do some financial introspection. The New Year brings about resolutions, however I would like to say it’s about putting into practice what you already know. As it relates to your finances, it’s time to get rid of old habits that plagued your purse for 2013. Here are a few purse rules you should try and follow for the rest of the year.

To Eat

or Not Eat?

New year, means new food prices and there are no guarantees that your favourite meals will remain at one price forever. It’s not a popular thing to cook your own meals anymore. Why not make the sacrifice and fall in love with your kitchen and create tasty meals that will save you money. Eating out is a wonderful experience, but eating and worrying is not the best thing for your digestive system and your finances.

A Friend in Need, Want


There is a well known proverb in the Bible that states ‘a friend sticks closer than a brother.’ However, friends will find a way to stick around even closer when money is involved. Unless you are absolutely sure, do not lend or give money to friends who do not have a good track record with their own finances. You can lend money for emergencies let me clarify what I mean by emergencies: hospital and doctor bills are acceptable but not Prada, Gucci or the latest event. Ensure you communicate with your friends when the loan is to be repaid; remember if it were a financial institution



there would be a time agreed upon by both parties when the money is to be paid back. Put this into practice with your personal loans.

The Mooching Boyfriend ‘What do you mean I have to pay?’ I retorted, yes ladies I have been there. The good looking guy that every female swoons over, who is a financial nightmare. It’s time to ask yourself the hard questions ‘Am I his girlfriend or his financial institution?’ When it comes to matters of the heart it’s quite difficult as women to let go of certain things. However, when I do my budget each month I need to make a decision. Either boyfriend or finances. In my opinion, if your man wants to take you out to dinner, let him pay. I repeat let him pay! If any guy is inviting you out, he must be able to fit the bill. Final words of wisdom, ensure that the person you are seeing is financially responsible; just because he spends money on himself does not mean he will necessarily spend money on you.

Well the New Year is looking bright for you and your purse and if it does get a little challenging in the middle of the year, that’s ok. Just keep moving and remember the bad habits you would not like to repeat. Your finances are your business, and you have the power to make financially smart decisions that will prevent holes in your purse for 2014.

POWER The of


We came across the groundbreaking work of Dr. Andrew Newberg, director of the Myrna Brind Center for Integrative Medicine at Thomas Jefferson University Hospital. Dr. Newberg is one of the founders of the field of ‘neurotheology’ — the scientific study of the relationship between the brain and spiritual phenomena. We have

analyzed his findings and present the summary here:

{1} Prayer stimulates the parts of your brain that help keep you healthy and happy. The science behind this, is that of the four major parts of the brain, two contribute primarily to health and happiness especially as we age. Prayer stimulates these parts. Several minutes spent

{2} Prayer activates your anterior cingulate, which helps you to feel compassion for others and a loving connection to God, or all Life. Called the ‘neurological heart’ by Dr. Newberg and is said to

{3} Studies show that prayer can significantly reduce how you experience pain. There is a primitive area of our brain which scientists and especially evolutionary scientists peg down as remaining from our early ancestral days


The time you spend praying, attending religious services, and even singing with the congregation deactivates your parietal lobes! Your parietal lobes give you a sense of yourself as an individual and not necessarily in relation to the world. It is an important area for activities having to do with spatial

praying (try to exceed five) will get the frontal lobe lighting up as it does when you focus your attention, or when you plan, reason, read, or speak.

lobe can and does shrink with age and it is this shrinkage which is credited with the loss of mental acuity and memory, dementia and even Alzheimer’s.

This scientific discovery has been repeated again and again and is a very important and exciting finding as the frontal

So just by praying one can avoid this life changing mental decline.

be the part of our brain which distinguishes us from animals, the anterior cingulate becomes activated when we are moved by compassion and empathy for others. So when we pray, and especially when our prayers include others

and we place these concerns before our Deity, our anterior cingulate is activated leading to a stronger sense of compassion and wanting to do right by our fellow human being.

when the ‘fight or flight mechanism’ was necessary to survive. This is called the limbic system. It includes several parts placed just above the spinal cord. This system is said to be the production site for negative emotions such as fear,

resentment, anger, depression, anxiety and pessimism. These emotions have all been known to cause not only emotional, also physical harm. According to Dr. Newberg, prayer turns off your limbic system!

reckoning, physical self-awareness, and ego. However, it lends itself to feelings of isolation and loneliness by virtue of how it operates. Additionally, brain activity here is not associated with health benefits.

services, and even singing with the congregation deactivates your parietal lobes!

Fortunately, Dr. Newberg says the time you spend praying, attending religious

Time spent in religious devotions helps one to forget himself and his problems, and instead to feel love and compassion for others, as well as a closeness to God, or all life.



The FIRST Step t t g

o heal hy livin


he phrase ‘look on the bright side’ is probably used countless times in an attempt to help someone recover from an unfortunate circumstance. The person giving this advice is likely an optimist; a positive thinker. The notion has been long held that thinking positively can get one through just about any circumstance. Research to explore the possibilities of positive thinking aiding health has been and is ongoing. In 1996, at the peak of his career, prominent road racing cyclist Lance Armstrong was diagnosed with testicular cancer with a tumour that spread to his lungs and brain. The chances of him recovering fully were not thought to be promising. He, however, defied these odds and survived. Armstrong contends that thinking positively and staying actively involved in sports saved his life. He is quoted as saying ‘you can’t deny the fact that a person with a positive and optimistic attitude does a lot better.’

You can’t deny the fact that a person with a positive and optimistic attitude does a lot better. 38

Kendra Cherry in her discourse ‘Five Benefits of Positive Thinking’ states that thinking positively can make you resilient. Resilience is that fight; that determination that you have to make the best of a situation or make a situation better. Anne Harrington, Chair of Harvard University’s History of Science program and author of The Cure Within: A History of Mind-Body Medicine, contends that a positive person is more likely to stick to orders by doctors, treatment plans, diets, etc., which would be in keeping with that resilient nature. Negative thinking can sometimes lead to depression which can cause loss of appetite, weight loss, and other symptoms which can negatively affect your health. Indeed, in thinking positively, you have passed the first test to become healthy. Despite references supporting the benefits of positive thinking on one's health, there are some who readily counter these claims. Dutch Olympic long-distance swimmer, and cancer survivor, Maarten van der Weijden put Lance Armstrong on blast for saying that positive thinking helped him a great deal. Van der Weijden maintains that doctors saved him (Lance Armstrong) and that he was just lucky. Now, there can be no denying that the use of medical procedures to either treat illnesses or maintain healthy


By Dominic Cobran lifestyles are far more likely to save a life than merely thinking positively. However, positive thinking does something for an individual that medical procedures cannot do. Thinking positively can ‘prepare a man for war’. It is a mental thing. In the case of a sick man, going into a surgery with negative thoughts will not work in his favour. Stressing about the problem and having negative thoughts about recovery might worsen his illness. It is the same with a dieter. He or she has to have that right attitude in order to endure the period of dieting. That right attitude can only be a positive, forward-thinking one. In thinking positively, the average person might see a reduction in stress levels and might not be as vulnerable to depression as the pessimist. It is not, in any way intended to give the view that one should only be optimistic and it should end there. Even the optimist has to be brought to reality in some way or the other. However, in order to take on what reality sometimes has in store, it always helps to have a positive mindset. Indeed, in thinking positively, that optimist has passed the first test; the optimist has gone over that first hurdle to become healthy, be it mentally or otherwise.


By Tashika Witter-Francis The search light for healthy lifestyle has recently illuminated the world and many persons have latched on to this somewhat ‘new’ phenomenon. Newspapers, magazines, websites, radio and television programmes and social networks all brandish the new healthy you. Healthy today, is no longer squeezed into the physical mold but has been expanded socially and spiritually. Google gives numerous concepts and definitions for spiritual health, however, describes spiritual health as 'the act of having direction and meaning in life'. It involves the development of positive morals, values and ethics. When people become healthy spiritually, they demonstrate love and sense of caring for self and others. This love is extended beyond that which can be seen and is perpetuated by the unseen. For some, spirituality may be equated with traditional religions such as Christianity, Hinduism or Buddhism. For others, it may mean growing in your personal relationships with others, or through being at peace with nature. However it is perceived, it is an important element in human development.

Are You SpirituAllY HeAltHY? The basis of spirituality is discovering a sense of meaningfulness in your life and coming to know that you have a purpose to fulfill. An assessment of your spiritual health is vital to achieving your maximum potential as an individual. In fact, asking yourself the following questions could help you determine whether or not you are spiritually healthy: Where are you in your spiritual life? Take a moment to reflect, do you feel a sense of worth, hope,

purpose, commitment or peace? Do you have a positive outlook on life? Or do you experience feelings of emptiness, anxiety, hopelessness, apathy or conflict? These may be signs of spiritual poverty in your life and may be the reason for unhappiness or dissatisfaction. Many professionals agree to the blessings of incorporating spirituality into their practice. Psychologists today, after exploring varying emotional and psychosocial techniques in therapy, are admitting that the spiritual component is critical to the development of their clients. Even medical doctors have attested to the healing wonders associated with injecting spirituality in their surgical wards.

tipS to encourAge SpirituAl HeAltH Spiritual health is often synonymous with optimism, love, and community. The journey to spiritual health requires a consistent, committed and dedicated effort. It requires a change many persons are not willing to sacrifice. Enhancing your spiritual health requires three easy steps;

1 Be quiet, take time to listen to yourself, and spend quality time listening to that small voice as you review your day.

2 Pray; spend quality time each day talking to God.

3 Live; enjoy each moment for what it is; not what it ought to be. Despite the negative situations and issues faced daily, you only have one chance to live in that day.


R S E h A c E T n u ID AoT La k Mo by


le Me



i aW

The B

So lightning may not strike in the same place twice; but dropping his second book for the year, Ian Boyne chose no less a place to host the launch, than the opulent King’s House, as he had done earlier in the year with Profile of Excellence. It was a glamorous affair with the VVIP and VIP sections full to capacity. The three highest ranking officials in the country were there to support and endorse the occasion along with numerous other high ranking public and private sector leaders. Pelican Publishers did a great job in organizing the affair which ran smoothly like clockwork. From the artwork on the book to the invitations and programs it was a classy, creative and elegant affair. The decoration done by Yvonne Aquart was simple but elegant, not at all detracting from King’s House. Fae Ellington was the epitome of professionalism and an excellent Master of Ceremonies.



His Excellency Sir Kenneth Hall in bringing greetings hailed Ian’s work as “another gem into the repertoire of great Jamaican books”. In keeping with the theme of the evening, the erudite Professor Trevor Munroe delivered the keynote address. He lauded Boyne for his ability to speak the truth calling things for what they were without fear or favour. He described the book as reflecting ‘the work of one of the Caribbean’s most outstanding journalists.’

Dr. Henry Lowe had high commendations for the author even as he pointed out that Boyne was fearless in addressing issues and this was supported by his keen intellect and respectfulness. He made his point poignantly when he mentioned that ‘He criticized many people, yet they were still his friends.’ He also thanked him for his vote of confidence in Pelican Publishers. The Gleaner also had high praises for a job well done and PAJ applauded Ian Boyne, lauding him for the tremendous work he had done in journalism. Nadine Sutherland, at Ian’s request did a fitting song titled, 'It’s My Day'.

Indeed it was his day!

Dr. Kathy Brown played a rousing rendition of 'By the Rivers of Babylon' and segued into a jazz piece which had the hall rocking, to conclude. In his usual affable, yet intense way, Ian pointed out that ‘he wanted his legacy to be one of fairness and balance. His love of knowledge should contribute to and not detract from that’. Addressing both leaders of government who had come to support him he said: ‘While I have criticised both leaders, at least I try to be fair, I try to be civil and I try to be respectful.

I do not believe that one has to be rude or one has to be insolent in order to be incisive… I commend The Gleaner for giving me the forum to practice a scholarly journalism.’ He expressed gratitude to everyone in attendance, and thanked The Gleaner, which he said provided the platform for scholastic journalism, and Pelican Publishers for helping him through the process. Kelly, Ian’s daughter was all grace, beauty and talent as she delivered the vote of thanks and serenaded her father with ‘God Made You Special’. As the curtains came down on the formal part of the evening, the guests made their way outside to indulge in savoury and sweet dishes prepared by Eskay caterers. It was an excellent fare and the wine flowed as persons stayed well into the night.

At the end of it all, when the King’s House crew had settled in for the night, the team at Pelican Publishers rested well knowing they had once again delivered a launch in fine style.

New Year

Resolutions By Kerene Walker

At the start of each year we make plans to improve our lives – the wonderful New Year’s resolutions. We all make them, and most of us break them. In fact, at a staggering 88 percent, they have one of the highest failure rates of any activity, with only 46 percent of us getting past June each year. It’s good to reflect on our accomplishments each year. To think back on the goals we had set and how many of them were accomplished. If your performance with your resolutions was a royal failure, don't despair. Step into 2014 with these ideas in mind.

E Z I T I R PRIO You are one person, and as powerful a person you are, there are only 24 hours in a day - it feels shorter now in fact. As leadership author Stephen Covey said, ‘the key is not to prioritize

S Set

oals G T R MA

It’s the easiest thing to spout off a number of intentions without clear thought, and then become frustrated when you don't achieve them. People are more successful when their goals are measurable or they focus on the rewards. Make your life easier 42

your schedule but to schedule your priorities.’ Make your motto: faith, family, then business and things will fall into place.

by setting only one to three goals SMARTly - Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Realistic and Time bound. While no one gets all gung-ho about a ‘can’t do’ approach, all hell breaks loose when the ‘can do everything now’ approach backfires.


LIT T LE THINGS P ACK A People appreciate the seemingly minor things that require your personal touch and time far more than your grand overtures to the masses. Once the emotions are involved, a lasting


connection is usually formed. Make a habit of doing small, simple things and reap the rewards. After all, little habits are just learnt, repeated behaviors with big effects over time.

TA K E THE PLU Why not choose the unconventional and stand out in the crowd. Life is full of risks anyway. Get accurate information and dive into the excitement of the unknown, health benefits abound. Researches by psychologists Richard Walker and Barbara Fredrickson have shown


that trying new things improve mental health by reducing negativity and increasing positive emotions. The more new experiences you have, the lower your risk for mental health disorders such as anxiety and depression. Remember to use common sense in this.

What’s done is done. If you cheat on your resolutions by the second week in January, just celebrate that you were successful for two whole weeks and start over, focusing on the rewards. Enjoy the festive season and full success in the new year. Kerene Walker lectures in the department of Medical Technology at the Northern Caribbean University.


by Vanessa Osbourne

The resurgence of natural hair and the growth of the natural hair population worldwide have revolutionized the hair care industry, giving rise to new hair care practices many of which are beneficial to all hair types. Directions:

Oil Rinsing

Oil rinsing is exactly what the name suggests, rinsing the hair with oil. This step comes between your shampoo and conditioning steps. Oil rinses help to quickly restore oils removed from the hair during washing.



Shampoo your hair as usual and pay special attention to your scalp, then gently rinse with warm water to open the hair cuticles. Apply a generous amount of oil (olive, jojoba, castor etc.) to wet hair and let it sit for a few minutes then rinse with warm water.

Apply your condition and rinse with cool water.

Pre-poo Treatments

Pre-poo is a pre-shampoo treatment, done with a penetrating oil such as coconut, grapeseed or olive oil before the hair is washed. Some types of shampoos, and the washing process itself can be very damaging to the hair due to the degree of manipulation that takes place. A pre-shampoo treatment helps with the reduction of breakage and shedding that tend to occur while the hair is being washed. Coconut oil is widely considered the best oil for pre-shampoo treatments. It is one of the few oils that can penetrate the hair shaft, and also bind hair proteins together. This lessens the amount of protein lost during washing. Studies suggest that coconut oil is best left on overnight for maximum benefits during washing; otherwise the minimum time is 30 minutes.

Directions: First, gently detangle your hair with a large toothed comb. Pre-poos are better when used with warm oils, to do this just place the container of oil in a cup of hot water for about a minute. Divide the hair into sections and generously apply the oil to each section from root to end. Cover hair with a plastic cap for at least 30 minutes then rinse. Shampoo and condition the hair as usual.

Co-washing Co-washing , is the practice of cleansing the hair with a conditioner and eliminating the shampooing process. You may co-wash with a regular conditioner, a c l e a n s i n g cond it ione r or products specifically developed for co-washing. Women with curly hair types may find that after shampooing the hair it feels dry and brittle. It can take two to three days of constant care to restore the hair’s moisture. If you experience these issues co-washing is a great option. Depending on your activity level and the environment in which you live or work, your hair may require frequent cleansing. Co-washing is a good alternative as it allows you to frequently cleanse without robbing the hair of its moisture. Co-washing is also beneficial to color treated hair as this gentle method of cleansing does not strip the hair or further exacerbate dry hair which can result from hair coloring. Women who frequently style their hair with products that contain silicones may not benefit from co-washing as conditioners are not able to remove silicones. The same thing applies if your regimen includes products with mineral oil and petrolatum or petroleum jelly. The conditioner itself can also lead to build-up on your strands over time as conditioners contain silicones that provide slip and shine.

Directions First wet the hair then gently section into four parts. Apply conditioner to your hair and not your scalp. If using a co-washing product, application to the scalp is fine unless otherwise stated on the product packaging. Leave conditioner in hair for a few minutes, or according to the time indicated on co-washing product. Rinse with warm water.

Benefits of Co-washing

• Helps to eliminate dryness associated with shampoos.

• Helps to reduce frizziness. • Hair detangles more easily. • Hair is not stripped of its natural oils. • Improved length retention may occur as hair detangles more easily.

• Moisture level of the hair is improved.

Cons of Co-washing •

Product buildup and itchy scalp may occur.

• Hair may become limp after consistent co-washing, especially fine hair types.

Hair will attract dust and lint more readily.


Benefits of

JUICING By Mahalia Palmer






derived has



green benefits

including an improvement in the condition of the hair, skin and nails. These benefits are made possible due to the chlorophyll that is present in these green leafy veggies. Many of us were informed about the importance of chlorophyll in relation to plants. Now, after more research and the access to advanced technology we know that chlorophyll has benefits for us as well. There are several varieties of green leafy vegetables that can be used for juicing. Some of the most common include callaloo,

Mahalia Palmer is a teacher and guidance counselor by training. Her blogsite, www. chronicles her journey to healthier hair through non-traditional methods such as juicing, exercising and other health related methods.

cucumber, lettuce, spinach, string beans, kale and cabbage. Cabbage is a popular option because it helps with digestive issues. It is important to note that is it best to use darker vegetables as they are more beneficial.


Benefits of


1 2 13 14

It cleanses the blood: When the blood is working efficiently it is able to carry around enough oxygen to the cells. It detoxifies the body: This means it removes the toxins that plague our bodies and eventually cause ailments. It provides antioxidants: Not only will these disease fighting agents ward of diseases but will also keep the skin supple and young. It helps with digestion: Green juice can help digest fatty foods and break down proteins. It is excellent for reducing gas. Many people report that it also relieves nausea, and is effective in treating morning and motion sickness.


It helps fight cancer: You may prefer to add a little lemon to your green juice. Recent studies show that limonoids in lemons inhibit the development of cancer in laboratory animals and in human breast cancer cells.


It improves complexion: cucumber juice in particular is often recommended as a source of silicon to improve the complexion and health of the skin. Cucumber’s high water content makes it naturally hydrating, an integral step in trying to achieve glowing skin.



Important Tips

for Juicing



in the same way you would Wash vegetables prior to juicing tions and blend . You may add a prior to eating. Cut into small por ember we are try ing to avoid all little honey if you wish, but rem sugars. er since

2. When blending vegetables, it’s best to use a bulwevleterorif juic you have a t of juice. Ho they extract the ma ximum amoun fine. regular blender, this wil l work just


r the contents in a glass and After a few minutes of juicing , pou juice or use as is. The pulp is a enjoy. You can choose to strain the

Juicing should be done on an empty stomach, it should not be consumed wit h your meal. There are some green vegeta bles that should not be mi xed with each oth er, it is best to do some research if you are planning to juice on your ow n. Only juice the portions of the vegetables that you would eat. Juice should be consumed immediately after blend ing (or a ma ximum of two hours later).

good source of roughage.


HealtHy living

Pregnancy During

by Tamara Bailey


here are several wonderful experiences associated with pregnancy, but there are also some uncomfortable situations that occur as a result. Swollen feet, morning sickness, heartburn and severe acne are some of the most common concerns for pregnant women. However, for each uncomfortable experience, there’s a cure to alleviate the pressure, and make your situation a little more bearable.

Oedema This is commonly known as dropsy and is categorized by an excessive buildup of fluid in the body’s tissues, resulting in swollen feet and ankles. It is very common among pregnant women, but there are a number of helpful tips to alleviate this issue:

• Always wear comfortable shoes. • Ensure that you get sufficient bed rest as recommended by your physician. • Avoid excessive weight gain by eating moderately and ensuring a balanced diet. Although you will gain weight during pregnancy there is a healthy weight gain range which your doctor will specify.



When you are sitting try to keep your legs elevated.

• Ask your partner to massage your feet, using both hands, working upwards from feet to knees.

• Try a foot soak with tea tree oil.

is in the breech position, is too large or it can also mean that you are having multiples (twin, triplet etc). Heartburn can be prevented by following these simple steps:

Eat small meals frequently rather than large meals several hours apart.

• Eat your main meal of the day during the lunch period.

• Avoid spicy and fatty foods and try to stay away from sugar filled foods.

• •

Don’t eat and drink simultaneously.

Drink herbal teas, they are great for relieving heartburn.

• After eating, sit upright for a while as lying down may cause heartburn.

Nausea and Vomiting

• If you know the triggers for your nausea, avoid them. The smell of fried foods, perfumes and stuffy rooms are popular triggers for many pregnant women. •

• Do not lift heavy objects. When lifting make sure the object weighs only a few pounds.

• Do not bend at the waist, rather bend at the knees and lift with your legs, not your back. •

Do not sit for long periods, prop one foot when standing and change intermittently.

Sit in ergonomic chairs, with back support.

Always carry around a small pillow if you intend to sit for long periods. The pillow should act as added support for the base of your back. Apply a warm towel or heating pad to the base of your back when the need arises.

Drink water between meals instead of eating and drinking at the same time.

Do not wear high heels for long periods; if you are in your third trimester it is best to not wear high heels at all.

Ginger can be used to settle your stomach but use it in moderation as it may cause heartburn.

This is another common issue during pregnancy and occurs when a small amount of acid sometimes with partially digested food goes up into your oesophagus. This can happen if the baby

During pregnancy it is inevitable that weight gain will occur. Since the spine has to support this added weight it usually results in lower back pain. Pregnancy tends to shift your center of gravity which may cause you to gradually and unknowingly adjust your posture. This often times results in back strain or pain as well.

Keep your blood sugar levels on par by nibbling on a biscuit or any dry foods during the day. Do not allow yourself to get hungry.


Back Pain

* NB If you are vomiting

excessively and unable to eat or drink during the day, consult your doctor immediately.

• •

• Get a firm mattress. • Sleep on your side with one knee bent, or put a pillow between your knees.

Massages may also be helpful with back aches but you should always consult your doctor first. Also, ensure that the masseuse has experience massaging pregnant women.


>>> Beyond

INFIDELITY It has been confirmed; you saw with your own eyes, he even admitted it. So, it’s a fact, he’s cheating. Now what? Marital infidelity can be a hugely destructive force if not properly managed. The spouse who has been or is being wronged, may choose to act in a justifiable manner. But how can one really deal with this heart rending situation and not only survive but thrive? What are some of the implications outside of the usual devastating split in the family and its fortunes? 50


Persons normally think of infidelity as cheating, well, more like sexual consummation between a married person with someone other than their spouse. But there are many instances when sex has not (yet) entered the picture. Other forms of infidelity are:

* * * *

Emotional Financial Spiritual Physical/romantic

Because there are so many aspects to infidelity, this will be a multi-part series which will focus on coping mechanisms for the victim, how the person committing the act feels, and the impact of infidelity on financial, social, career and the spiritual well being of both parties.


n this issue we will begin with the financial and career aspect. Factors not enough persons think about as a deterrent to infidelity until it is too late. I decided to draw on the wisdom of Gleaner career writer, author, strategist and life coach, Glenford Smith. He had this to say on the affair:

‘From former US President Bill Clinton to former US presidential hopeful Senator John Edwards to legendary golfer Tiger Woods the verdict is in: marital infidelity takes a huge toll on reputation, career and income.’ Bill Clinton escaped impeachment by a whisker but left his otherwise pristine presidential image in tatters. John Edwards crashed ignominiously from his high political status based upon an indictment arising from his efforts to hide details of his sexual dalliances. And Tiger Woods not only lost his wife and his golfing rhythm, but upwards of 100 million dollars in a pricey divorce, and several million dollars in sponsorship endorsements. These examples suffice to highlight three critical ways in which infidelity can adversely affect one’s career.

* * *

First, it can result in personal and family crisis - divorce, family breakup, and emotional angst. Second is the loss of professional prospects - losing one’s job based upon a scandal. Third, loss of income based upon loss of reputation and status.

It is an uphill task to rebuild trust once it has been lost. The reality is, infidelity does not only hurt your spouse and children. There is a way in which people who we do business with, who endorse our products and services and who we really think has no business getting involved in our personal lives, show that our lives are not so personal when infidelity happens and it becomes public knowledge. Smith went on to say: ‘The second key is to take full responsibility, both for cheating as well as for rebuilding your marriage and family life as well as your career. Tough as it may be, rebuilding trust with your family, corporation and customers will require that you own up. Tell the truth. But don’t then allow your circumstances to control your response. Instead, take control of how you’ll respond to what has happened. You might not be able to change the past, but it is entirely up to you, how you move on from an episode of marital setbacks’.


eeping one’s career on track, or getting it back on track if it is derailed by marital infidelity is extremely important. While not easy, it is doable if three keys are applied. The first is to courageously accept and confront the consequences of one’s infidelity. Living in denial, blaming other people or having a pity party are actions guaranteed to make matters worse. Own up and make amends as best as possible, as quickly as possible’.

Tough as it may be, rebuilding trust with your family, corporation and customers will require that you own up.



hen asked for even one strategy which could be practiced by anyone dealing with life after infidelity, Smith offered a very effective way. So many persons have allowed the reality of infidelity to dominate their thoughts and lives to the point of destruction career wise as they become unable to focus or execute on the job. This way is to use ‘mental compartmentalization’. ‘Mental compartmentalization,’ Smith explained, ‘means that you refuse to allow your marital adversity to take over your career. While it is inevitable that a marital cataclysm will adversely affect your performance and mindset, moving beyond infidelity demands that one limits the extent of such effect on your job, professional relationships and performance.’

But our aim is to provide coping mechanisms and

He concludes ‘A s Tiger Woods has shown, successfully moving beyond infidelity takes time, resilience and lots of hard work and faith, but it is possible. Perhaps the best advice for moving beyond infidelity is avoiding it in the first place - if your vows aren’t broke, then there won't be any need to fix it, right?’

make the most of it.

so we say to persons who have fallen on the unfavorable side of infidelity that they must begin to heal by forgiving, do not dwell on how the wicked son of a gun has made your life miserable. The poor children will be even worse affected. It is easier said than done, but a positive, upbeat spirit is a must. You may need to downsize the house, the car, the vacation or even the types of meals. The reality is life goes on. It is much easier for you to make up your mind to go on along with it and

Yes, we are not ignorant of the factors that tend to lead to infidelity in the first place: the high emotions, the slight lack of judgment, the tension, the hope, the expectation. But if it is at all possible, we implore you to stop and think for a moment about the ramifications of your actions; about the inevitable financial and potential career fallout and do everything in your power to prevent it.

Most often, not only are lives shattered by infidelity, finances are too. If infidelity leads to a marital split, the finances go that route too. The combined income which once made it possible to sustain the family and provide the children with a decent lifestyle is now split and one party tends to bear the brunt of the financial debacle.




Can an affair SAVE your marriage?

The CWL team took to the streets to garner responses regarding infidelity. The topic was unique and quite controversial: Can an affair save your marriage? Here are some of the responses:

Rodney: Yeah man, nuff time you a look outta

Tanesha: If you don’t go all the way. Once you do

street, only to realize that what you have at home is better than what you think was out there, and you get to appreciate person at home more.

that it makes it harder. It does something to you the individual; you break a contract; even if you are the only one who knows.

Jeanet: If you have a jealous husband who is not pay-

Crystal: If it could, it would be a rare case. Well if you

ing you any attention; him just fling yuh down at home, then if another man starts to notice you, he might then pay attention and behave better.

go out and realize that what you have at home is better than what you thought was out there then you get to appreciate person at home more.

would jump outside of the box for a minute, consider one of the partners feeling neglected- most likely the wife. The relationship has no passion, no spontaneity, nothing to really grab on to... Then later the husband finds that she is having an affair. He still loves her, but has just not been there physically, emotionally and otherwise so things just somewhat slipped from of his grasp. The reality of this then hits him that if he doesn't work to change this he's going to lose her. She still loves him also, just needed some attention, intimacy, excitement; whatever she was deprived of. His new attitude to transform his marriage could (by a thin chance, if she didn't fall in love with the other man or loves him less) could probably save their marriage. But to seriously answer your question though, no, not in most cases.

Coleith: No... not at all.

Lawrence: If one of the parties doesn’t know

Bella Bell:

Well of course not, I've seen movies where a plot is employed to portray married couples having a grand time while seeing other people, but in the end the movies always play out the same something always goes horribly wrong. I think this is also reality.

Tracey: (first response) no! Then, maybe, what if you


Yes, it sometimes helps. When you go out, you see what is out there and develop an appreciation for what is home, and you also get to realize that you might lose a great thing. So it (infidelity) can be a good thing.

how to do certain things like how to perform oral sex, or is just boring in the bedroom then they may cheat and learn some skills and that might help; but that could also make it worse.

Lisa: No; I don’t see how that could be.

rtist A n a f o Eyes e h t h g u Thro

a y o La e t

l i Sm

her p a r g o t o st * Ph i t r A e v i Intuit riter W t e * o P A |JAmAIc n KIngsto



many e r a e r at the they h t e s d u e a c c nvin nt be e l i s n I am co e -one e o b n e d v n a a lone who h a l e l l a p o e is my r e t a I p . y s e e h t c that mstan u c r i c r it is believe r e i h e t h e t h s w tand ories, t s raphy, e unders s g e o t h t o l h l to te , or p y r t e o e of desire p s , n s e g s n i a t pain ce and i o v their a through t a m h e t h t e z ow y reali e h t and all n e n wh and is o , i t e a u m q i r i n aff not u s i y r o thers. t s o y b d too unders

t s r i e t h r

P t A e a r o e p g v I r o e t t t I t e u o rI


Why did you choose art? It is something that comes to me quite naturally, or super-naturally, depending on how you view it. It allows for a kind of escape that I have not experienced elsewhere. It [also] affords a form of release where emotions are neither restricted nor encroached upon. It’s having that freedom to be one’s self.


Which artform do you most identify with?

Painting and poetry;

it’s difficult to separate the two as they tend to influence each other.

CWL: Explain what you

CWL: What’s

integral to the work of an artist? There




that readily come to my mind, and they are integrity




rity in knowing that each piece of work is your own

do in 100 words or less.

God-given creation and not

It is my desire, to have my works

someone else’s vision; and

convey a special message from

a passion that is intricately

God. With this in mind, I try to

weaved into each element,

begin each project with my

that should exude through

mind as a blank canvas. God is

each piece on its comple-

amazing and He allows me to

tion. When this happens,

be His vessel. It is somewhat

that’s when you know that

difficult to narrow-down the

the project has reached its

sources that he uses to ignite my


a cheap representation of

creative energy, none-the-less, this list includes news broadcasts,






and so on. I have managed to develop my own unique skills and techniques as a result.


CWL: What is an

artistic outlook on life?

The belief that things are never what they seem.


CWL: Explain the

artist’ role in society?


To capture this moment in time and leave a heritage for the future generations


To remind us of our spiritual connection to the divine.


To instill hope and cultivate faith, during times of hardship and despair.


To offer an alternative to that which has come to be known as ‘the norm’. In other words, think outside the proverbial box.


CWL: Is the artistic

gs ntin i a P

y rtes cou

of L

life lonely? What do you do to counteract it?

ile Sm a y ato Believing that there are layers to everything, and every situation has a greater purpose.

I am a reserved individual by nature, and I understand that this comes with the territory. As an





spent reflecting, analyzing and discerning

Art is something you do because of love 58





simply take for granted. As such, the acquisition of the answers to these seemingly strange, yet pertinent questions is often times, its own reward.

CWL : What memorable

CWL: What has been a

seminal experience in your life? I was always sketching, and doing other art-related things, but was somewhat intimidated by the idea of painting. My family was the one who gave me the encouragement I needed. After a few days, I was amazed at

responses have you had to your work?

CWL: Describe a real-life

situation that inspired you?

moments ago swept into a pile; I saw a roach enter the pile, then in

I am a tree. A long, lost tree.

with tears as she shared that a

No-one in this world

particular painting captured the

Cares for me.

very essence of a memory she

The spring-lovers come

had of her father while growing

And decorate my roots,

up. I was truly touched that it had

With scars of love

affected another human-being

And signs of truth.

on such a deep level. They write on my trunk

CWL: What do you

dislike about the art world? It isn’t always a friendly place for young or new artists.

And pick off my leaves. The older ones pick my flowers To decorate their dead’s wreath. I wonder if they know How much they’re hurting me. Why won’t they awake,

One day, as I was about to take up the garbage that I had only

Latoya Smile

I recall a viewer, her eyes welled

how much I enjoyed doing this art-form.


CWL: What do you

dislike about your work?

And this try to see? I am suffering away – Dying from negligence.

the same breath, turned around

I see Art sometimes as a greedy

I’ll soon be withered

and headed back outside. Now

beast that demands everything

And no more in existence.

bear in mind, I hate roaches! My

of you. It desires nothing less

I am a tree – Not like the rest.

first thought was to kill it, but as

than your all, yet gives no

The others are fertilized and manicured

I grabbed the broom, I thought,

guarantee for a return on the

And treated as the best.

'poor little creature, I'll have

investments. Art is something

mercy on him and allow him

you do because of love. That’s

to survive (this'. To my

the only way to explain it.

I am not as good as the others; At least I don’t feel so.

amazement, as he wandered

And it wouldn’t make sense if I did,

onto the driveway, a brown

When I’m the only one to know.

bird came out of nowhere and scooped the fellow away. The moral of this story is that when you show mercy to people, it doesn't necessarily mean they'll get away with their injustices; there is a higher power (God) who will always vindicate you.

CWL: Name three artists

you would like to be compared to.

I might not have used the term ‘compared to,’ however, I admire Vincent



Angelo, and Rembrandt.


I am tall – not short I give just little shade. However, when it’s fruit-time, My branches they raid. They know me at fruit-time For the sweet fruit I bear Yet throughout the rest of the time They wouldn’t even care. I am a tree – A long, lost tree. No-one in this world Cares for me.

R E G N A T N E M E G A MA N Your An er

l t o C ont ro s y a W y h He alt


lly stems from ra e n e g t a th n o inant emoti tment. It Anger is a dom , hurt, annoyance, or disappoin rms of ild fo ration feelings of frust to instances of extreme rage. M eme rage tr mild or irritation. Ex re can range from su a le p is d , e k de disli mental illness, s a h c su s e su anger may inclu is om deep rooted usually stems fr f, or alcohol or drug abuse. grie ge r n A d e s s e r p e s of R The Danger rlying cause can be an unde r ge an ed ss re Rep r that is pression. A nge de d an y et xi of an can d isrupt y ex pressed el at ri op pr ap not d behav ior t thinking an ec aff s, ip sh on relati ical a variet y of phys te ea cr d an s, n patter problems been linked to as h r ge n A s. m proble , violent physical abuse d an al xu se such as can also Chronic anger e. im cr d an r behav io include: , some of which es su is th al he result in

A nger


essure √ High blood pr √ Insomnia s √ Heart problem √ Headaches s √ Sk in disorder lems √ Digestive prob

ion, long term is a healthy emot r ge an h ug ho lt A gly, ickly and fittin qu ed ss re d ad s anger if not rcussions. Person pe re e at n u rt fo can lead to un can employ anger issues om fr g in er ff su ng to their t solutions fitti en em ag an m r ange management rpose of anger pu e Th . n io at situ anger and ize the signs of gn co re lp he is to to positively ecessary steps n e th ke ta y kl quic tice anger m. You can prac le ob pr e th ss addre n, such as ues on your ow iq n ch te t en em manag ical exercise, chniques, phys te g in th ea br deep , or humour. positive self ta lk


mak ing you ur anger is yo if , er ev How effect on a detr imenta l g in av h , py ap unh in violent or is resulting s, ip sh on ti la re your may need behav ior, you s u ro ge an d or der to therapy. In or t en em ag an m anger e ty pe most appropriat determine the see a u w ill need to of treatment, yo erapist. menta l health th


VOYEURISM Are you a peeping Tom? By Dr Alverston Bailey

Widespread Distribution of Sex Tapes It is quite normal to find an attractive member of the opposite sex alluring to look at and in fact with the recent dressing down of many women so called ‘window shopping’ is quite common. Additionally, the recent plethora and widespread distribution of sex tapes depicting well known public figures in ‘flagrante delicto’ speaks to a latent tendency of many individuals to see others involved in erotic pursuits. This phenomenon called non-consensual voyeurism, has caused great disquiet among the victims and serious ethical and moral issues have been raised about what for many is a gross invasion of privacy.

WHAT IS VOYEURISM? This is defined as a paraphilia characterized by repetitive looking at unsuspecting people, usually strangers, who are either naked, in the act of disrobing, or engaging in sexual activity, as the method for achieving sexual excitement. The word is derived from the French verb voir (to see) with the - eur suffix that translates as - er in English. The literal translation would then be 'seer' or 'observer'. A voyeur is also known as a peeping Tom, a name given to the fictional character, who after warnings not to do so at the pain of death, spied on the naked Lady Godiva as she rode through the town clad only in her long hair to protest against the unreasonable taxes levied by her husband on the citizens.

Voyeuristic practices may take many forms but the prototypical feature is that the voyeur does not directly interact with the object of their voyeurism - who is often unaware that they are being observed – instead they observe the act from a distance by peeping through an opening or using aids such as cameras (camera phones and video cameras), mirrors, binoculars, etc. This stimulus often becomes part of a masturbation fantasy during or after observing the event. What distinguishes voyeurism from mixoscopia (pleasure from watching others have sex), is that those being watched are unaware of the voyeur and the thrill which the voyeur experiences is enhanced by the fear of being caught.

T hey observe t he act from a distance by peeping t hrough an opening or using aids such as cameras, mirrors, binoculars... 62


? r u e y oV


According to the mental health professional’s handbook, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, two criteria are required to make a diagnosis of voyeurism: Over a period of at least six months, an individual must experience recurrent, intense, sexually arousing fantasies, sexual urges, or behaviours that involve the act of observing an unsuspecting person who is naked, in the process of disrobing, or engaging in sexual activity. The fantasies, sexual urges, or behaviours must cause clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning. Scopophilia is a synonym for voyeurism. However the critical factor here is that unless you actively seek out these experiences, you are not a true voyeur.

What is Video Voyeurism? In some cultures, voyeurism is considered to be deviant act and even a sex crime. It is usually classified as a misdemeanour. As a result, legal penalties are often minor. The possibility of exposure and embarrassment may deter some voyeurs. It is also not easy to prosecute voyeurs as intent to watch is difficult to prove. In their defense statements, they usually claim that the observation was accidental. In the United Kingdom, non-consensual voyeurism became a criminal offense on May 1, 2004, under section 67 of the Sexual Offences Act 2003. In Canada voyeurism was declared as a sexual offense on November 1, 2005. In the United States, video voyeurism is criminalized in nine states. And some institutions, such as gyms and schools, have banned camera phones because of the privacy issues they raise in areas like change rooms and locker rooms. Saudi Arabia banned the sale of camera phones nationwide for a period, but revoked the ban in 2004. South Korea requires that all camera phones sold in the country make an audible sound whenever a picture is taken.

VoVyIDE eurisO m


How Common Is Voyeurism? Voyeurism is more common in men, but does occasionally occur in women. The onset is usually before the age of fifteen. There are no reliable statistics about the incidence of voyeurism in adulthood. The individual may become so enamored with the voyeuristic activity that they fail to get involved in stable relationships.

How Can We Protect Ourselves? We must be vigilant in our daily lives to preserve our privacy and sequester ourselves from the lustful eyes of voyeurs. Legislation must be urgently put in place to curtail the activities of voyeurs and we as citizens must put systems in place to protect ourselves by ensuring that all activities which we deem to be private are indeed done in private.

An excerpt taken from the publication titled:

Sexplanations - A Guide to discussing Sex and Sexuality in the Caribbean By Dr. Alverston Bailey

What Causes Voyeurism? The actual cause of voyeurism is unknown but most experts attribute the behavior to a random or accidental observation of an unsuspecting person who is naked, in the process of disrobing, or engaging in sexual activity. We do know that successive repetitions of the act tend to reinforce and perpetuate the voyeuristic behavior.

How Is It Treated? For treatment to be successful a voyeur must want to change his behavior but many are unwilling to do so and often have to be forced by court order. The treatment offered is psychotherapy, cognitive, behavioral and group therapy. There are no direct drug treatments for voyeurism. The prognosis for eliminating voyeurism is poor because most voyeurs have no desire to change their pattern of behavior. Since voyeurism involves non-consenting partners and is against the law in many jurisdictions, the possibility of embarrassment may deter some individuals.





Revelatioabout ns PET FOOD


The canine industry in Jamaica is growing exponentially. The expression ‘being treated like a dog’ no longer brings to mind inhumane or abusive treatment as more care and attention is being given to man’s best friend. We are still nowhere close to the United States in terms of the familiarity with which we interface, such as sleeping with them in our beds or sharing meals and dinnerware; but a marked improvement can be seen. Our growing love for our pets is not my main concern

brought to the fore the unfortunate tales of numerous animal deaths caused by tainted foods. After a recent spate of these deaths, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has finally taken notice and announced new preventive controls for animal food, rules that would for the first time establish basic manufacturing standards for pet food.

today; though it may be related, since love determines our actions. Over time, the international news has


Procedures for Pet Food Processing This topic is of concern to us because unfortunately, the expression ‘anytime US sneeze, we catch a cold’ is not limited to fads, finance and fashion; it permeates our culture. So our discussion today about the FDA regulating pet food manufacturing has implications for our pets since we import dog food. Fortunately, this time around, a dose of vitamin C taken by the US should also help to cure us of our malady. Now, most consumers are unaware that the pet food industry is an annex of the human food and agriculture industries. Pet food provides an opportune way for slaughtered animal refuse, such as offal and grains considered ‘unfit for human consumption,’ and similar waste products to be turned into profit. This waste includes intestines, hooves, heads, udders, and possibly diseased and cancerous animal parts. It is also still legitimate to use the so-called 4D animals (dead, dying, diseased, dis-

abled) which were only recently banned for human consumption, in pet food. In addition to the ingredients used in pet food, other factors to contemplate are the actual procedure and physical environment within which it is processed. Pet food manufacturing practices are abhorrent, sickening and downright noxious. Although in principle there are rules and regulations about pet food manufacturing, in practice there is virtually none. This allows for anyone to set up a dog food plant anywhere convenient to them, and package and sell commercial dog food with no one to regulate or ensure that they are following even basic rules of hygiene and food contamination prevention practices. Also, there are no regulations about toxicity from heavy metals, artificial substances chemicals, fillers. Natural News health ranger, Mike Adams, noted that ‘manufacturers of pet food have, for decades, gotten away with


of pet food have, for decades, gotten away with selling the most contaminated, polluted, toxic and sickening "food" imaginable...



selling the most contaminated, polluted, toxic and sickening "food" imaginable (all promoted with happy, healthy-looking dogs and lovey-dovey images, of course). In America, it is currently legal to manufacture a pet food product that kills pets, and there's nothing the public can do about it.’ Pet owners would do well to practice preparing food for their pets, rather than relying solely on commercial pet food. The various manufacturing processes denature the food, rendering them of little or no worth nutritionally, and some practices actually encourage bacterial multiplication if the food is later moisturized. Due to the preparation and products used in pet food, the US is reportedly experiencing an epidemic of pet cancer and diabetes. A study has shown that despite what the labels may say, the protein and other important nutrients listed are usually non-existent. Born Free USA went in depth to help us understand the commercial manufacturing process involved in making pet food.

How Pet Food is Made DRY FOOD The vast majority of dry food is made with a machine called an extruder. First, materials are blended in accordance with a recipe created with the help of computer programs that provide the nutrient content of each proposed ingredient. For instance, corn gluten meal has more protein than wheat flour. Because the extruder needs a consistent amount of starch and low moisture to work properly, dry ingredients — such as rendered meat-and-bone-meal, poultry by-product meal, grains, and flours — predominate. The dough is fed into the screws of an extruder. It is subjected to steam and high pressure as it is pushed through dies that determine the shape of the final product, much like the nozzles used in cake decorating. As the hot, pressurized dough exits the extruder, it is cut by a set of rapidly whirling knives into tiny pieces. As the dough reaches normal air pressure, it expands or “puffs” into its final shape. The food is allowed to dry, and then is usually sprayed

The same thing

which should make your beloved pooch or Rottweiler healthy is what is making him sick.

with fat, digests, or other compounds to make it more palatable. When it is cooled, it can be bagged. Although the cooking process kills bacteria in the ingredients, the final product can pick up more bacteria during the subsequent drying, coating, and packaging process. Some experts warn that getting dry food wet can allow the bacteria on the surface to multiply and make pets sick. Do not mix dry food with water, milk, canned food, or other liquids. A few dog foods are baked at high temperatures (over 500°F) rather than extruded. This produces a sheet of dense, crunchy material that is then broken into irregular chunks, much like crumbling crackers into soup. It is relatively palatable without the sprayed-on fats and other enhancers needed on extruded dry food. Semi-moist foods and many pet treats are also

made with an extruder. To be appealing to consumers and to keep their texture, they contain many additives, colorings, and preservatives; they are not a good choice for a pet’s primary diet’. So it should not be surprising that the list of illnesses and diseases caused by pet food is staggering. The same thing which should make your beloved pooch or Rottweiler healthy is what is making him sick. It is very sad. Part two will present a list of illnesses and their causes as it relates to your pet food. For those who feed their pets exclusively with commercial food, there will unfortunately be the ‘aha, now I know why’ moment.

FDA Proposed Regulations The proposed animal food CGMPs address similar safety re-

that don’t pertain to animal food, such as

quirements as those contained in the proposed rule to update

allergen cross-contact.

the human food Current Good Manufacturing Practice (CGMP) regulations. These areas include:

>> Hygienic personnel practices and training; >> Facility operations, maintenance, and sanitation; >> Equipment and utensil design, use, and maintenance >> Processes and controls; and

As it stands right now, like most every other industry today, greed tends to supplant goodwill and profit trumps principle. I am happy indeed that the FDA has finally decided to do something about the barbaric practices of pet food manufacturers. We hope, of course, that it won’t be a spineless, gutless regulation that will exist in name only; but that perpetrators will be brought to book when they greedily and cruelly do only what is in their best interest to the detriment of man’s best friend.

>> Warehousing and distribution. However, the CGMP provisions of the proposed rule for animal food are not identical to the human food CGMPs in the pro-

Research information courtesy of

posed rule for preventive controls for human food. The animal

food CGMPs, for example, would not address certain practices



The Journey to

WELLNESS begins here!



For More Information Contact: Bio-Tech R&D Institute 44 Lady Musgrave Road, Kingston 10, Jamaica W.I. | Tel: (876) 978-9153 or (876)978-6136




Functional Blends ‘Drink your tea’ is an all too familiar scolding from my childhood. Lately, I find myself not being able to do without that morning cup. It appears I am not alone; tea is one of the most consumed beverages in the world and with more consumers drinking teas for perceived health benefits the diversification of tea offeringsand consumers, is expected to exponentially increase. In truth, tea is more than something we drink: the industry in itself stands a complex dynamic that integrates agriculture, agro-processing, technology, biomedicine, logistics, distribution, trade, marketing, product development, production, and research. Still, at the heart of the tea industry is tea.

What is Tea? People in different geographic locations perceive tea differently. From the Jamaican perspective even fish soup is affectionately called tea. But, if we employ the classical or traditional definition, tea is the resulting beverage from pouring hot or boiling water over the leaves of the tea plant Camellia sinesis. Based on the post harvesting processing method applied, traditional tea from the tea plant is further characterized by five types: pu-erh, black, oolong, green and white. Beyond the scope of this classical definition we have tisanes. A tisane, also known as herbal tea, better embodies the Caribbean tea experience and definition. Essentially, a tisane is a beverage


made from the infusing or decocting (boiling) of herbs, spices, or plant matter in hot water, and consumed especially for perceived medicinal benefits.

Tea Blends and Non Tea Blends True teas and tisanes may be consumed on their own or in combination with complementary items to create a blend. Blending is both an art and a science; it is a creative expression that calls upon a methodological approach to mixing one or more teas, spices, or herbs together to produce a final product of unique taste and aroma for health benefit. For a true tea blend, one of the five characteristic tea types serves as a base to which items such as dried fruit, spices, herbs, and


by Avi-Ann Miller florals are added. Breakfast teas (English, Irish), Prince of Wales, Earl Grey, Masala Chai, Genmaicha, and Jasmine tea are all examples of tea blends. Similarly, for the non-tea blends (tisanes) herbs such as rooibos are used as the base to which complementary items are added. Apricot with roobios, sorrel with ginger, pimento, and orange peel, cerasee with ginger, and soursop with ginger are all examples of non-tea blends. Blending

fication, digestive support, relief from nervousness, anxiety, insomnia, and seasonal allergies. If we think back to sorrel, ginger and pimento tea; lime leaf and peel; orange peel and ginger; soursop and green banana we recognize that Jamaicans have been creating functional blends in the form of herbal teas for years. Often these recipes were passed on from generation to another and retained their originality or minutely modified.

is a flexible, wildly creative and enjoyable process but requires keen insight into the nature and by extension compatibility of the ingredients selected.

Functional Blends When a blend is created with the specific purpose of enhancing or promoting a wellness experience it may be termed a functional blend. Functional blend ingredients are carefully selected and may be designed for stress relief, cold combating, immune boosting, respiratory relief, pain alleviation, mood enhancement, energy booster, detoxi-

Therefore, we find that functional blends are multi-generational. They were integral in our ancestors lives; likewise, these blends now possess a host of implications for baby boomers, millennials, and future generations. Scientific exploration of the compounds in tea and tisanes such as antioxidants, flavanols, flavonoids, catechins, carotenoids, and polyphenols have led to the recognition that these naturally occurring compounds provide the perfect foundation for production of wellness products. We further find that globalization and technology’s multi-ethnic influence on food and food based products have spawned the evolution of functional blend commercialization and explorations. Undoubtedly, with the eradication of borders and advances in information dissemination, the benefits of particular plants relatively unknown to many individuals become only a click away. This ease of information dissemination when coupled with the inherent ingenuity and innovation of man provide the perfect opportunity for the development of natural plant based products. While grounded in the familiarity of our

grandmother’s musings of ‘drink the cerasee’ functional blends transcends her kitchen and have prime placement in biomedicine, homes, and on retail shelves.

Practical Applications The same tenets of precision, care, creativity and research that go into conventional commercial blending is done in functional blending. While research begins to validate mother nature’s design, we find functional blends may prove to be a valuable arsenal in your health and wellness regimen; even aiding everyday wellness as part of a balanced and healthy lifestyle. Here in Jamaica several companies have sought to integrate functional blends as a continued part of our everyday lifestyle regime. Among them is Bio-Tech R&D Institute with its line of Eden Gardens Nutraceuticals Wellness Teas which integrate common names backed by scientific explorations into their efficacy. Among their offerings are cerasee and ginger, guinea hen weed and ball moss, guinea hen weed, bissy, soursop and ginger. These teas, in their various capacities, may serve as anti-inflammatory agents, anti-cancer agents, antioxidant providers, digestive aids, and sleep aides. The potential of functional blends from our Jamaican plant life is limitless. Individuals must always research any product before they incorporate it into their everyday regimen. Further, if you are on medication you should consult with your primary care physician before introducing any new product to your diet.


aking, b d n a stry a p hy. n p i a r y l g l a o t n is pho fessio o n r o i p s k s r a past, lp r I wo a t u n o o y r f f r, my iece o , and howeve o is, I take a p n i a g a d er be v e n What I l l i st into w a p u r o u y o ring y a place b I . rve, u e o s y e r o p t it can u o y I hand o s ish it. esent r r e p h r c u o d y iate an c e r p p a


Pho ina r t dan og y Ar r c t A ph er c Pherist



Through the Eyes of an Art ist

Michael ed



i Ph

otogra Photogr Phy apher * Culinary dancer artist st. thoM as| JaMaiC a



What artform do you enjoy most? I most enjoy the act of creation, in whatever art form I choose to execute. It swings along the lines of dancing, photography and baking. [My frontal


is photography]

Photographs courtesy of Micheal Edwards (Missindi Photography)

CWL: Why photography?

It satisfies my cravin g for artistic expressions. It’s



experience your world frozen in time. Photography invigorates my sense of art, thus distinguishing my photographic skills from other faculties of my life.

CWL: How

did you venture into photography? I went to the Cayman Islands in 2004 to work in the culinary arts indus-

skills as this is essential to the continuity of the art form.

CWL: What memorable

responses have you had regarding your photography?

try where I had the oppor-

One of my most memorable

tunity to meet some of the

responses was when I posted

best chefs in the business.

an album on my Facebook page

One advice I got from one of

and the percentage of people

them, was to get a camera and

who were engaged by it went

a laptop to record my culinary

up to ten thousand. I didn't know

artwork by way of a portfo-

I could reach that many people

lio, and so I did. This is where

in one week.

Missindi-Photography was born. I found a new zeal.

CWL: Explain what you do in 100 words or less

What I do, goes far beyond just taking pictures. I spend hours at a time learning new techniques. From YouTube to shared videos to magazines, I seek to continuously innovate and improve my photographic skills. I relay what I learn from videos and books to practice, practice and more practice. The actual act of

CWL: What’s the most integral aspect of being an artist?

Inspiration, execution and growth are hallmarks of being a successful artist. Many would agree that being inspired to create a piece squeezes more juice out of the creative orange… In the midst of all the creativity, without growth an artist slowly drifts in limbo to a stagnant predicament. Whatever doesn't grow dies, as time stops for no man.

taking the photo is the easiest part of being a successful photographer. I do spend much time on marketing


Artthesoothes soul of a man CWL: What role does the artist have in society?

An artist has everything to do

Pho tog raph s

cou rtes

CWL: Describe a real-life situation that inspired you

y of

Mic hea l Ed

war ds ( Mis sin

di P hot og r aph y)

with my eyes closed. Karma is the one word I live by. The work you put in is the work you

with civilization. Your car, your

I was at home on one of my

get out. For this reason, I choose

clothes, the very house you live

trigger happy moments playing

to be kind, honest and positive

in were all created by artists. Art

around with my point and shoot,

in my everyday endeavor.

is pleasing to the eye, the eyes

(this was long before I became

are the windows to the soul. I

professional) pretending to be

believe art soothes the soul of

a professional. I turned the


camera on one of the visitors at the house. What she said to me

CWL What has been a

seminal experience in your life? My



was when I had to photograph my brother's wedding. It was my first real project. Doing a wedding for the first time was an honorable thing for me. It was challenging to do on my own but I pulled it off.

played a major part in being a photographer. She said "You are brilliant at this. You do things that a regular photographer wouldn't do." I felt really encouraged by it and took it to another level.

life lonely; what do you do to counteract it? Actually, I don't think this life is all that lonely. Now more than ever, I think people are appreciating the importance of art in our everyday world.

What do you CWL: What is an artistic CWL: dislike about the art world? outlook on life?

My outlook on life goes far beyond the eyes. I see more


CWL: Is the artistic


What I dislike about the art world is professionals who do not give constructive criticism. They will

tell you everything that is wrong but never tell you how to fix it.

CWL: Name something

CWL: What’s the

I love the Nikon D800 because it

best piece of advice you’ve been given?

brings me 36 steps closer to my

" S h o o t E v e r y d a y," I h a v e


developed tremendously since

you love, and explain why.

the day I took such advice.

CWL: Name three artists you’d like to be compared to.

Mark Delong, Courtney Chen

Though I'm not on point with it these days I have befitted from it greatly.

CWL: Professionally, what’s your goal?

My goal is to become a world renowned artist who extends a positive influence on younger, as well as older upcoming artists.

and James Ferrara are artists I admire.



edicinal arijuana


As the call for medicinal marijuana becomes more strident, even the animals are offering their endorsement. Marijuana, I predict, is set to be the biggest thing for the 21st century if given the opportunity to be properly explored and its potential exploited. More and more of the fear, taboos and social stigmas associated with the herb are being stripped away and what is emerging is the fact that this plant may have been given a bad name prima facie. More than just the bad name however, it is also unfortunate that the large number of benefits apparently associated with it, have not been tapped, due to the criminalization which may result. The latest advocates have come from an unexpected source: pet owners. They have been giving very high marks and singing the praises of the healing herb as they claim that the plant itself and its essential oils, are safely and effectively treating their sick pets. CBS New York reports that veterinary


cannabis use is on the rise across all segments of society, and particularly among pet owners whose pets have severe or even terminal illnesses that do not respond to conventional treatment. Pet owners are finding that major conditions like cancer, respond quite well to cannabis use when nothing else does. And unlike conventional treatments, cannabis treatment does not cause any harmful side effects. NaturalNews reports one such success story: Luna Capers, is the beloved dog of Rowyn Capers who reportedly gained her quality of life back after being given a non-psychoactive cannabis oil extract for late-stage lymphoma. When chemotherapy left the dog gravely ill and on the verge of death, Rowyn began to administer the natural therapy instead, which produced incredible results. ‘Her lymph nodes were like golf balls and she was coughing constantly and she couldn't breathe, and I just thought it's time to say goodbye,’ said Rowyn about Luna's condition before the


cannabis. ‘The first time I dosed her [with cannabis] I was so scared. We were looking at her all night. [But the] more I increased her cannabis dose the less side effects that she had. The vomiting stopped, the diarrhea stopped.’ Similar success was achieved by Mary Lynn Mathre, the owner of a 13-year-old golden retriever who was also diagnosed with cancer. After learning about cannabis, Mary Lynn began to give all of her dogs a daily cracker topped with cannabis-infused butter, which not only helped the sick one but also helped improve the health of all her dogs, including one with a strange bald spot on its leg. ‘There was no hair on a circle that it would lick and lick,’ stated Mary Lynn to CBS New York, noting that both dogs experienced dramatic improvements as a result of the cannabis.


She was coughing couldn't breathe,

and I just thought it's time to say



Cannabis: Its Effect on pets with Low Energy, Cancer, and Epilepsy

Many other persons have since come forward to give testimonies of the powerful healing effect of cannabis or its by products on their beloved pets. This is the distinct advantage of de-criminalized ganja. It will allow for enterprising persons and businesses to create value which can be derived uniquely from the plant. Natural News shares another story: Al Byrne's three dogs, who range in age from three to 13, have also responded positively to marijuana. Besides noticeable increases in energy among all the dogs, Al says each of his furry family members now has a shinier coat and a ‘shine in their eyes’ that was not there before. Darlene Arden, a certified animal behaviorist who is a strong advocate for veterinary cannabis use had this to say: When you see them enjoying life and feeling better and not being sick, you


I think we can now

constantly and she

see marijuana for


edicinal arijuana

know you've hit something, I think we can now see marijuana for exactly what it is and what it can do. [It's not] a street drug but a legitimate medication to be used under proper supervision.’ Many CBS New York commenters with pets seem to agree with these sentiments, as some of them posted their own stories about how medical cannabis helped their pets. One woman recounts how her three-year-old dog almost died from epilepsy but experienced a dramatic and immediate recovery after being placed on a regimen of medical cannabis. ‘A s a last ditch effort after her last bout of seizures and being unable to come out of her postictal state, despite being administered a heavy sedative by our vet, we tried marijuana we had received from a friend of ours (it's legal in our state),’ writes the commenter. ‘Within less than 15 minutes, our dog came fully out of its postictal state, laid down, and napped for (about) two hours before waking up and wanting to play tennis


exactly what it is and what it can do.

ball and tug. It was beyond anything I had seen before with this dog.’ At this juncture in our development as a country, it is time for the decision makers to really engage the facts; take a good look at the history of ganja from the standpoint that it’s marginalization has been steeped in bias and unsubstantiated claims. New information is emerging which points to the benefits far outweighing the negative aspects of marijuana. It is time to make medicinal marijuana a reality easily accessible to man and beast alike.

rtist A n a f o Eyes e h t h g u Thro

a i c e r e K l l e B


esig d c i h p a Gr

r* maIca a |J n Illustrato o t KInGs



r tists a t a h t h a myt n i at they e h t v e g i l n i e know w Many b o e that h v e e i l m e o b s n by hand, r e ough r h t h t o are bor s e p h t o devel s. I, on t t a s i h t t r l ar ts l a i e k h s t are a e u d o purs t sion an s d a e at it. p d i d a c e l e l d e it is c I x ays e years. w l e a h t I t e u o more ecaus e b h t r , e d e r e l excel as a ca I e r o rew. g The m n o i s the pas

r e n

G i s r e o d

t u a l c r l i i t h s r p u e s a l n u r Il G


Which artform do you enjoy most? I mostly enjoy the illustrative aspect of the art. Stewing up stories and visually bringing them to life with the stroke of a pencil on paper, the medium at times doesn’t even matter, as long as the concept is developed. Art is entertaining and very adventurous and to me, it’s like building a bridge between the real world and the imagination.

CWL: Why illustration?


It’s my passion

institute when they learnt of

that has

brought some form of balance to my life in the sense that it has helped me to communicate my emotions visually… I am not the type who would normally be seen, or is known for verbally communicating my thoughts especially where








enough. By creating artworks, I’m able to

express emotions




further my talent at an art the potential skills I possessed. During freshman year at Edna Manley, each student did a rotation




different art courses offered and I found myself gravitating more towards majoring in illustration.

CWL: What’s integral to

the work of an artist?

too overwhelming to be kept

The integral part of an artist’s

caged in.

work involves the sense of c o m p l e te n e s s . T h e s e n s e

CWL: When did your

o r a p p ro a c h e s th at w h en

love of art begin?

combined, they are able to

High school is where the journey

when different concepts are

really started. I attended high school at Clarendon College and was lucky to have three very good art instructors to offer encouragement.

Mr. Gordon,

Mr. Evans and Mrs. Gonzalez


of identifying different parts,

form a whole. Meaning that p o o l e d to g e t h e r to f o r m one it cont r ibutes to the creation, the meaning behind the creation and the influential impact it has on the viewers.


Art is aof thereflection artist's



ons rati t s Illu

rtes cou

f yo

a ec i Ker

l Bel drew images on cave walls or made things to represent their stories. These visual recordings of historical events help to shape

CWL: What is the role of an artist in society?

our thoughts and knowledge about the past generations and with the advancement of media in the 21st century, artists will

The personality of the artist

continue to make records for

plays a vital part in the sense that

future generations.

art is a reflection of the artist’s personality, especially since we tend to see things from different perspectives An artist's role in society is one of great value as can be seen throughout history.

Dating as far back as

when cavemen existed, people



CWL: What memorable

responses have you had regarding work? My favourite accomplishment is that of my Edna Manley


will be beneficial to us all. I, on

own characters and stories for

'Hidden Tales'. The execution

the other hand, have no problem

example 'Hidden Tales'.. I aim

of the project measured in the

paying taxes to support the arts

at some day completing the



especially the public related

Jamaican animation, and many

Every comment was positive.

art as I know that art definitely

more other motion graphics

The most memorable was when

benefits us all whether persons

projects, for everyone to enjoy.

I was informed by a prospective

recognize it or not.

CWL: Name three artists






student, who wished to pursue her studies in the same field, that I motivated her. Just the feeling of being a positive influence on younger upcoming artists

CWL: Name something

you love and explain why

you would like to be compared to ? Walt Disney,

M.C. Escher and

Apart from the visual aspects

Cameron Stewart. Walt Disney

of the arts, I also have a passion

is famously known for his vision-

for the performing arts as well.

ary success in the commercial

I’ve always liked acting but most

arts. He is a legend, a folk hero of

of all, I love to dance. Dancing

the 20th century. His worldwide

is another form of my creative

popularity was based upon the

expression and I would dance

ideals which his name represent:

to bring out some of the strong

imagination, optimism, creation,


feelings caged inside that no

and self-made success in the

out there that I’ve seen that

canvas, a brush or paint can

American tradition… M. C. Escher

shouldn’t be considered art.


has produced some famous

is like taking a breath of fresh air to bring forth the smile of confidence.

CWL: What do you

dislike about the art world? There




dislike the fact that some of

drawing illusions with so called

these artworks I’ve come across

impossible structures like that of

could be considered the work

the ‘Ascending and Descending”

of a two year old and these are

and the 'Sky & Water 1’ (wood

sometimes the ones that go

cut) artworks. Cameron Stewart

throughout history as famous

is a very talented illustrator and

art pieces.

comic artist who has worked on



He illustrates famous comics

CWL: Should art be

and comical characters such as


Batman and Robin, Cat- woman and many more.

Some may say that it isn’t fair for art to be publicly funded as this

CWL: What is your

would mean that persons who have no interest whatsoever in

professional goal?

the arts would find themselves paying




wouldn’t benefit them in any way. They argue that the tax

CWL: What is your

dream project?






become a commercial artist and also being considered one of the

dollars would be better spent on

My dream project is to develop

most famous animators of all

something like health care that

an animation filled with my




the new hope for Ja maica?


arijuana, locally known as ganja, has long been regarded as a plant with outstanding medicinal properties capable of providing treatment and management of a range of cancers and other illnesses such as nausea, vomiting, pain, anxiety and depression. One of the more celebrated cases of the scientific acceptance of its medicinal potential has been the development of Canasol, a locally made product, for the treatment of Glaucoma. This product was developed by West, Lockhart and Lowe and marked the first time that a product from ganja was commercialized. Recent studies have demonstrated that there is significant potential for the medicinal uses of marijuana and Jamaica could significantly benefit economically in this area. Jamaica could become the hub for R&D in medical marijuana in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC). Already over 20 states in the United States of America (USA), Canada, Israel and the United Kingdom are capitalizing on the medicinal properties of ganja. For example, in the USA the medical marijuana industry values approximately US$ 2.5 billion.

Dr. Henry Lowe, noted research scientist, entrepreneur and Executive Chairman of Bio-Tech Research & Development Institute (Bio-Tech) has been doing groundbreaking research on the medicinal uses of ganja and other local herbs. Based on his findings, Dr. Lowe launched a new company – Medicanja to undertake further pioneering research and product development using the medicinal compounds called the CBDs (the non-psychoactive compounds) in ganja. The historic launch of Medicanja on December 3, 2013 coincided with Bio-Tech’s third year anniversary. The company will focus on:

Carrying out research to develop strains of Ganja with more CBDs and less THCs (THCs are the compounds in ganja that gives it its psychoactive effect or ”high”

Developing unique and high quality nutraceuticals and cosmeceuticals from ganja to manage certain illnesses as well as

ment of Jamaica by producing local products from ganja for the local and international markets.

An island wide study on the Knowledge Attitudes and Practice (KAP) Survey on the uses of marijuana and other herbs locally was commissioned by Bio-Tech and Pelican Publishers and carried out by Don Anderson’s Market Research Services Limited. Empirical data showed that majority (86%) of persons interviewed stated that Government should support the use of ganja for medicinal purposes. The company is therefore strategically positioned to take advantage of the medicinal potential of Ganja. The logo was unveiled with much fanfare. At a glance one can see exactly what is going on. Symbolic representations from the medical aspect are a test-tube, the rx symbol and the caduceus (without the wings) and of course ganja leaves.

for cosmetic purposes

Developing a local hemp industry, which will cultivate hemp to be used as a rich source of the bioactive CBDs; as well as using its fibres for other industrial products

• Synthesizing ganja related compounds for

medicinal purposes and developing pharmaceuticals from ganja for various illnesses

Promoting collaboration among scientists, doctors and policymakers in advancing the local medical marijuana industry

The Honourable G. Anthony Hylton, Minister of Industry, Investment & Commerce, brought the keynote address.

Contributing to the economic


Diaspora Members Weigh in on Since CW&L is a cosmopolitan magazine, we could not let the debate about medicinal marijuana rage on without getting the Diaspora to weigh in and get some views a bit farther afield than our own. Living in Colorado and being pioneers of sorts themselves in the matter of the legalization of marijuana and the establishment of a very financially viable ganja business, Wanda James and Scott Durrah still found some time to speak with us. The passion which came through was palpable. Wanda once operated a dispensary which served medicinal marijuana in Colorado beginning in 2009; the Apothecary of Colorado, which was the first of its kind in the state. But her passion for marijuana did not begin with the medicinal aspect. She began working with people who had been arrested for possession and came to the horrible realization that every year 70 per cent of people who got arrested for marijuana possession were brown skinned boys ages 17 to 24, despite their lighter skinned counterpart being equal offenders. According to Wanda, when she pieced the facts together, what she saw was modern day slavery and racism at its most sinister. She explained that through the obtaining of a privatized prison system contract, certain goods are made at a fraction of the regular cost as they could pay the prisoners cents in the dollar to do certain tasks. As a matter of fact, it would not be unreasonable to consider it a free labour system. They targeted young, black, hard working men/boys who were abused substances, but not hard drugs, which made them of no use to themselves. Marijuana smokers became prime targets.


Medicinal Marijuana

Wanda raised the bar and got the dialogue going. As a result, today it is legal for persons over 21 years of age to have up to one ounce of marijuana on their person. They may also have up to six cannabis plants on their premises without fear of prosecution. Right now, cannabis is a multi-million dollar industry in Colorado. It pulls in over three hundred million dollars in revenue per year, contributes over five million to the tax table, and provides over 5000 jobs. This does not take into consideration the numerous spin off and cottage industries associated with marijuana. Cannabis Global is an organization that is well versed in the matter of dealing with heads of governments and organizations when it comes to the topic of marijuana. They are willing and looking forward to lending their support in helping Jamaica and other countries interested in regulating the processes necessary to reap the tremendous value extant in medicinal marijuana. They were excited to speak of the host of illnesses which medicinal marijuana has decisively treated. They spoke of persons who had children with epilepsy and autism moving to Colorado to be near marijuana shops in order to get treatment. And much to their relief, contrary to popular expectation, the illicit use of marijuana by the prohibited age groups (that is, persons under 21) fell considerably as it was no longer such a chic thing to do. There was a recorded increase in usage for persons aged 50 years and over as it helped them to relieve sleeping issues, anxiety, pre- menopausal cramps, reduces inflammation in the knee and increased appetite. The herb was also touted as enhancing appe-


tite in patients who had undergone chemo-therapy, reduced the nausea and does not put them in a drug fog state as other medications for chemo treatment do. It also helps to increase appetite in AIDS patients.

Scott is a true chef and has been serving ganja based cuisine to an excited set of believers. The facts are in, Wanda says: Legalizing marijuana gets rid of the stigma of marijuana and the black market.

Ex athletes have claimed that using medicinal marijuana has resulted beneficially in their being able to reduce prescription drugs by 70 per cent. There has been marked relief from chronic back pain, and many soldiers who have come home from the war suffering from Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder have used it to forget and go on to lead more normal lives.




We recognize that women bea r t he bulk of the burden when it comes to birth control. One excuse for men is that they have few realistic options. In addition to condoms, the choice is either to abstain from sex or get a vasectomy.

That’s why scientists have been working for years on a male birth control method. One new approach may just work and focuses on a molecule called JQ1. Since only mature sperm cells can fertilize an egg, researchers use JQ1 to stop an immature sperm cell from maturing. The results with lab mice were impressive. Normally for a sperm to mature, a protein called BRDT binds to specific areas on the genome that activate the genes necessary for the maturing of sperm. When researchers injected mice with JQ1, the small molecule bound to BRDT, preventing the protein from turning on the genes responsible for sperm maturation. The JQ1 treated mice had a ninety percent reduction

in sperm count, and reduced motility leading to sterility. This form of male contraception is still about a decade from being ready. JQ1 is currently injected but needs to be delivered in a way men can easily use. It also needs to be tested in humans to rule out long term negative effects, such as infertility or birth defects. Soon, men may be forced to share the responsibility of birth control - which a lot of women will say is about time! Information courtesy of:


a j n n o i h t c a c un e gcononk La d an n ica a jam e th


bal o gl




le Me

tte Wi

It was slated to commence formally at 7 p.m,

but the swell of the gathering from as early as 6:40 assured us that our guests meant business. So at 6:50 p.m the eloquent master of ceremonies Mrs. Beverley Manley Duncan commenced the ceremony. A lively rendition of the national anthem was sung as the resident musicians, Energy Plus Mento Band backed us up.

The welcoming remarks quickly gave way to a vignette about the long and colorful history of medicinal marijuana around the world. This was followed by remarks from some key industry well wishers such as a publishing house Pelican Publishers, the Scientific Research Council, the Medical Council of Jamaica and the opposition spokesperson on Science and Technology. The remarks were all relevant, timely and to the point.

Dr. Michael Abrahams nearly brought the house down when he

provided entertainment in the form of a song telling us ‘bout what a gwaan inna Jamaica’. As usual he was current, topical, fun and witty. He closed his set with his very interesting and highly personal poem, ‘Just for a bag a weed’. Our keynote speaker Dr. Phillip Paulwell endorsed the authors and their various initiatives. He hailed them as innovative and their work timely. From his position as Minister of Science, Technology, Energy and Mining his comments were positive and welcoming as he promised ‘Jamaica will not be left behind’ as

interest and movements in ganja law reform and research & development grow rapidly. He went on to state that he has already directed the Scientific Research Council, the government’s premier science body which also falls under his ministry, to lead the efforts of stakeholders in medical ganja matters forthwith.

After the handing out of a few books to stash in the repository of some of our library services, Dr. Herbert Lowe thanked everyone profusely and the evening winded down.

At the end of it all, it was declared an evening well spent by all.

During the ‘authors reply’ segment Dr. Henry Lowe and Professor Errol Morrison were unusually succinct. But enough was said to determine that the book would be a fascinating read, factual and objective.





Some e-cigarette companies claim the devices are safer and can help smokers quit. But critics say the companies’ statements are unproven and their health claims are unsubstantiated. It is true that e-cigarettes do not contain the over 4,000 chemical compounds created by a burning cigarette. Many of these are toxic and/ or carcinogenic. Tar, carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, hydrogen cyanide and ammonia are all in regular cigarette smoke.

Most people would be flabbergasted to see anyone smoking inside an office, a hospital waiting room or an airport. Yet, lately, people are smoking indoors — not traditional cigarettes, but e-cigarettes. These are smokeless cigarettes that can look like the real thing, a pen or even a USB stick. What they all do is deliver nicotine to the smoker in a vapor form. A rechargeable battery powers a heating element that vaporizes the nicotine in a replaceable cartridge so that what’s inhaled just looks like smoke.

However, nicotine itself is dangerous and highly addictive, and with e-cigarettes, smokers may not know how much of it they’re getting. A lack of regulation and quality control means the amount of nicotine in each drag of an e-cigarette is inconsistent. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration determined that since e-cigarettes are not considered a drug delivery device, the agency has no jurisdiction over them. Yet the administration issued a health warning about e-cigarettes after its tests show they contain harmful chemicals such as diethylene glycol, a component of antifreeze that’s toxic to humans and is banned in food and

drugs. There were also detectable levels of a known carcinogen called nitrosamine and other toxic chemicals that users could potentially inhale. Even if, as some enthusiasts claim, e-cigarettes can help a smoker quit, could it also entice young people to start? Health experts and the administration have both expressed concern e-cigarettes are marketed toward young people since the devices come in pink, gold or blue with flavors such as chocolate and bubble gum. Plus, the products’ labels don’t have a health warning. Since e-cigarettes are unregulated and not covered by federal tobacco laws, they can be sold online and in mall kiosks. They’re also cheaper than regular cigarettes. Because of this, they’re easily accessible to children and young adults. Some e-cigarette makers go so far as to make unsubstantiated health claims on their websites and printed materials. That’s why Australia, Canada, Israel and Hong Kong have banned them on the grounds they have not been sufficiently tested for safety. New York City is pushing to become the first city to ban them. For scientists, those are enough reasons not to try an e-cigarette. At the very least, wait until science shows what is in them before smoking one, or better yet, choose not to smoke at all. Information courtesy of: html

Issue #30  

Medicanja- The new hope for Jamaica?