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Is s ue # 11 - M arch 2008 LENO VO 3000 C200 LAPTO P

ful lcircl e

AND REA VERI

TH E IND E PE ND E NT M AGAZ INE FO R TH E UBUNTU CO M M UNITY

LINUX M INT vs UBUNTU

TRUECRYPT O N UBUNTU IPO D CLASSIC AND AM ARO K INTRO D UCTIO N TO LATEX CREATE YO UR O W N SERVER 3

W H ICH IS RIGH T FOR YOU?

IPOD & AM AR OK GE T YOU R IPOD CLAS S IC/NANO W OR K ING W ITH AM AR OK

LINUX M INT vs UBUNTU - W H ICH D ISTRO SUITS YO U BETTER?

TR U E CR YPT 1

K E E P YOU R INFOR M ATION S E CU R E

Ful lCircl e m agazine is not affil iate d w ith or e ndors e d by CanonicalLtd.


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ful lcircl e w w w .f u llc i r c le m a g a z i n e .o r g

Linux M int vs Ubuntu

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True Crypt on Ubuntu Ipod Cl as s ic and Am arok Introduction to LaTe X Se rve r Se rie s - Part 3

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: Le novo 3000 C200 : You Us e Ubuntu : A Kid's Story : Andre a Ve ri

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p.23 p.24 p.25 p.27

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p.28 p.29 p.31 p.32 : Pl atform Gam e s

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p.33 p.35

Th e articl e s containe d in th is m agazine are re l e as e d unde r th e Cre ative Com m ons Attribution-By-Sh are Al ik e 3.0 Unporte d l ice ns e . Th is m e ans you can adapt, copy, dis tribute and trans m it th e articl e s but onl y unde r th e fol l ow ing conditions : You m us t attribute th e w ork to th e originalauth or in s om e w ay (at l e as t a nam e , e m ailor URL) and to th is m agazine by nam e ('ful lcircl e m agazine ') and th e URLw w w .ful l circl e m agazine .org (but not attribute th e articl e (s ) in any w ay th at s ugge s ts th at th e y e ndors e you or your us e of th e w ork ). And If you al te r, trans form , or buil d upon th is w ork , you m us t dis tribute th e re s ul ting w ork unde r th e s am e , s im il ar or a com patibl e l ice ns e .

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ED ITO RIA L

W

el com e to anoth e r is s ue of

.

Th is m agazine w as cre ate d us ing :

I h ope you've l is te ne d to th e . Epis ode 1 is avail abl e from our w e bs ite (w w w .ful l circl e m agazine .org). Initial com m e nts h ave be e n pos itive and I'm s ure ove r tim e it w il le vol ve into a fine podcas t. Eve n w as n't pe rfe ct on it's firs t outing! Spe ak ing of w h ich : Aprilis our firs t annive rs ary is s ue . Th at's righ t, is a w h ol e 12 m onth s ol d! I am in th e proce s s of gath e ring l ink s and inform ation about th e birth of , and s om e s tatis tics on h ow ofte n th e m agazine is dow nl oade d and from w h e re . And, due to publ ic de m and, w e w il lbe s tarting a s e rie s of articl e s on us ing GIM P. Las t m onth , w e s h ow e d you h ow to com pil e s ource code . Th is m onth I dis cus s h ow I got m y w ork ing w ith by com pil ing th e l ibrary. Ne xt m onth Andre w M in w il ltal k about th e re s ul ting .de b fil e s and h ow be s t to dis tribute th e m . I h ope you e njoy th is m onth 's is s ue and re m e m be r, w e 're onl y an e m ailaw ay. O r vis it us at UbuntuForum s .org > 3rd Party Proje cts .

Ubuntu is a com pl e te ope rating s ys te m th at is pe rfe ct for l aptops , de s k tops and s e rve rs . W h e th e r at h om e , s ch oolor w ork Ubuntu contains al lth e appl ications you'l l e ve r ne e d incl uding w ord proce s s or, e m ailappl ication and w e b brow s e r. You do not pay any l ice ns ing fe e s . You can dow nl oad, us e and s h are Ubuntu w ith your frie nds , fam il y, s ch oolor bus ine s s for abs ol ute l y noth ing. O nce ins tal l e d, your s ys te m is re ady to us e w ith a ful ls e t of productivity, inte rne t, draw ing and graph ics appl ications , and gam e s .

Editor, Ful lCircl e M agazine ronnie @ ful l circl e m agazine .org

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NEW S Ubuntu 8.10 Intre pid Ibe x H ardy is now pas t fe ature fre e ze and it's tim e to s tart pl anning fe ature s th at are be ing l ine d up for incl us ion afte r Ubuntu 8.04 LTS is re l e as e d in April . Th e re l e as e , w h ich is pl anne d for O ctobe r 2008, w il lbe nam e d "Intre pid Ibe x", and w il lm os t l ik e l y be ve rs ion 8.10. Th e de s k top w il lonce again be a focal point as th e te am w ork s to re -e ngine e r th e us e r's inte raction m ode ls o th at Ubuntu w ork s as w e l lon a h igh -e nd w ork s tation as w e l las it doe s on a s ubnote book . A particul ar focus w il lbe pe rvas ive inte rne t acce s s - th e abil ity to tap into bandw idth w h e ne ve r and w h e re ve r you h appe n to be . Th e abil ity to m ove from th e office , to th e train, and h om e , s taying conne cte d al lth e w ay, w il lbe a top priority. Ubuntu 8.10 w il lbe th e ninth re l e as e , and th e fourth annive rs ary of th e firs t re l e as e - 4.10. Ubuntu W e e k l y Ne w s # 79 h ttps ://w ik i.ubuntu.com /UbuntuW e e k l y Ne w s l e tte r

Fe e lfre e to e m ailne w s s torie s to: ne w s @ ful l circl e m agazine .org Pl e as e incl ude a s ource URL.

Ubuntu 8.04 LTS Be ta Re l e as e Th e Ubuntu te am is pl e as e d to announce th e be ta re l e as e of Ubuntu 8.04 LT (LongTe rm Support) on de s k top and s e rve r. Ubuntu 8.04 LTS D e s k top Edition fe ature s incre m e ntalim prove m e nts to fam il iar appl ications , w ith an e m ph as is on s tabil ity for th is s e cond Ubuntu l ong-te rm s upport re l e as e . Ubuntu 8.04 LTS s e rve r fol l ow s in th e foots te ps of Ubuntu 7.10 w ith e ve n m ore virtual ization s upport and s e curity e nh ance m e nts - e nabl ing AppArm or for m ore appl ications by de faul t, im proving prote ction of k e rne lm e m ory agains t attack s , and s upporting KVM and iSCSI te ch nol ogie s out of th e box. Kubuntu, Xubuntu, UbuntuStudio, and M yth buntu are al s o avail abl e in Be ta. Kubuntu 8.04 w il lcons is t of tw o diffe re nt re l e as e s , th e com m e rcial l y s upporte d one fe aturing th e s tabl e KD E 3.5.9 de s k top and a re m ix fe aturing th e l ate s t re l e as e of KD E 4.0.

Linux Cl ie nt for Savage 2: A Torture d Soul Inde pe nde nt gam e de ve l ope r S2 Gam e s today announce d th e re l e as e of th e h igh l y anticipate d Linux cl ie nt for . Linux gam e rs can dow nl oad th e cl ie nt and s ign-up for a fre e account at w w w .s 2gam e s .com . Th e originalSavage : A Battl e for Ne w e rth w on Inde pe nde nt Gam e of th e Ye ar in 2004. Savage 2 buil ds on el e m e nts de fine d in th e firs t gam e to introduce a w h ol e ne w type of gam e th at de fie s ge nre . s aid M arc D e Fore s t, co-founde r and l e ad de s igne r of S2 Gam e s .

H ardy H e ron w il lbe re l e as e d on 24th April 2008 Ubuntu W e e k l y Ne w s h ttp://fridge .ubuntu.com

Bus ine s s W ire h ttp://w w w .bus ine s s w ire .com

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Ful lCircl e Gam e ath on!

NEW S Linux in H e al th care – El de rl y Products A com pany cal l e d Bl ue H e ron Ne tw ork is l ook ing tow ards a Linux bas e d de vice to al l e viate s om e of th is burde n. Th e y are l ook ing to cre ate a ne w opportunity for Linux in th e ne xt-ge ne ration h e al th de vice m ark e t w ith a de vice cal l ed Re s ide @ H O M E M onitor. Th e de vice is a "l igh tw e igh t Inte rne t de s k top e nvironm e nt"th at's abl e to inte grate a varie ty of s e rvice s . It is adm inis te re d re m ote l y by th e care give rs , w h ich coul d be th e care re cipie nts fam il y or a profe s s ional s e rvice s com pany. W h e n it com e s to as s is ting th e e l de rl y w ith th e ir dim inis h ing h e al th , th e m onitor com e s w ith a ful ls e t of tool s to coach th e care re ce ive r th rough th e ir e ve ryday activitie s . W h at m ak e s th is inte re s ting is th at th e de vice is running Ubuntu Linux. Th e firs t ge ne ration prototype w as de ve l ope d on a W indow s -bas e d .NET s tack but th e n ch ange d to be ing Linuxbas e d and buil t upon fre e s oftw are . : Linux W orl d h ttp://w w w .l inuxw orl d.com

So h e re ’ s th e pl an:

M ore Com pe tition for th e EEE PC

• Nam e a s e l e ction of fre e and ope n s ource gam e s (m us t be onl ine ) th at w e coul d pl ay.

M anufacture r ECS El ite group is focus ing on a s ubnote book th at e ntice s cus tom e rs w ith s trong pe rform ance functions and al arge s e l e ction of ports . Al th ough w e w il l s til lh ave to w ait for price s and re l e as e date s .

• Afte r a s h ort tim e w e ’ l lpos t a pol lfor voting th e w inning gam e . O nce w e h ave a gam e , w e ’ l lh os t a Ful lCircl e tournam e nt.

ECS h as al s o s e ttl e d on Inte l ’ s D iam ondvil l e CPU, in com bination w ith th e inte grate d 9 45 GSE graph ic ch ip. Th e s cre e n s ize s are pl anne d to s om e w h at outdo th e Ee e : A l arge variant s h oul d offe r 10.2 inch e s , w h il e th e s m al l e r m ode l ’ s s ize w as firs t give n at 8.9 but th e n ch ange d to 8.2 inch e s . No inform ation w as give n re garding th e s cre e n re s ol ution. O ne h as th e ch oice be tw e e n W indow s XP and Linux w ith th e ope rating s ys te m s and a m axim um of 2 gigabyte s RAM . Th e inte grate d w e bcam h as a 1.3 m e gapixe lre s ol ution. W h il e th e com pute r’ s e xte rior m e as ure m e nts h ave be e n put at 259 x 180 x 28.5 m il l im e tre s , inform ation about th e w e igh t re m ains unk now n.

To nam e your pre fe rre d gam e , vis it:

: Ide al o.co.uk

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• We’ l ls e t up a l e ade rboard, and w e com pe te for th e titl e of . W ith th e m onth l y w inne r be ing nam e d in FCM . • At th e e nd of th e ye ar, th e pe rs on th at h as w on th e m os t m onth s w il lge t !

h ttp://url .ful l circl e m agazine .org/ab1b17

D on't forge t th at th e firs t e pis ode of th e Ful lCircl e Podcas t is now avail abl e for dow nl oad. h ttp://w w w .ful l circl e m agazine .org


FLAVO R O FTH E M O NTH

W ritte n by Robe rt Cl ips h am

Fol l ow ing on from l as t m onth 's fl avor of th e m onth , th is m onth w e w il lbe com paring Linux M int w ith Ubuntu. Since Linux M int is a de rivative of Ubuntu, can it be be tte r th an Ubuntu?W e inve s tigate .

th e y both offe r th e KD E and XFCE pack age s as s e parate dow nl oads . M int al s o offe rs Fl uxbox (avail abl e in th e Ubuntu re pos itorie s , but not e nabl e d by de faul t).

T

o be gin w ith , w e w il ll ook at th e s im il aritie s be tw e e n th e tw o. Ubuntu (above ) and M int (righ t) us e th e s am e re pos itorie s and s h are a l ot of s oftw are . Th is m e ans th at any pack age you h ave on Ubuntu w il l al m os t ce rtainl y w ork w ith M int. Th e y both us e th e de faul t GNO M E de s k top e nvironm e nt and l ook re as onabl y s im il ar. If you pre fe r,

Th e re are , h ow e ve r, a l ot of diffe re nce s be tw e e n Ubuntu and M int. For e xam pl e , M int onl y s upports th e x86 arch ite cture (32-bit), s o you w on't be abl e to tak e advantage of 64-bit appl ications . Ubuntu offe rs 64bit as a s e parate dow nl oad, al l ow ing you to tak e advantage of 64-bit appl ications . Non ope n-s ource m ul tim e dia code cs are ins tal l e d by de faul t in M int, but m us t be ins tal l ed s e parate l y in Ubuntu. W h il e s uch de faul t ins tal l ations are inde e d conve nie nt, th e y m ay be il l e galin s om e countrie s . Som e of th e k e y fe ature s of M int are its s e t of de s k top appl ications to

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s im pl ify th e us e r's e xpe rie nce . M int incl ude s appl ications s uch as M intD is k for m ounting NTFS partitions in re ad/w rite m ode autom atical l y (as doe s Ubuntu) and M intW ifi, w h ich give s you an e as y w ay to configure your w ire l e s s card, e ve n w ith out an inte rne t conne ction. If you h ave a ne tw ork w ith PCs running W indow s , th e n M intD e s k top w il l be a w e l com e appl ication th at


M intM e nu (far righ t), w h ich al l ow you to e as il y configure M int's m e nu and de s k top, al ong w ith oth e r GNO M E s e ttings . If you ne e d an e ffortl e ss dis tribution th at h andl e s m ul tim e dia

w il lautom atical l y configure your s ys te m to brow s e s h are d fol de rs on W indow s w ith out firs t ne e ding to s e t up Sam ba. M int al so incl ude s M intConfig (above ) and

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and w ire l e s s out of th e box, th e n M int is th e dis tribution for you. If, h ow e ve r, you ne e d 64 bit, or w ant a h uge ne tw ork of com m unity s upport, th e n Ubuntu is th e be tte r of th e tw o.


H O W - TO

W ritte n by Joe Be rry

TRUECRYPT O N UBUNTU

At l e as t once a m onth w e re ad in th e ne w s pape r about anoth e r im portant l aptop be ing s tol e n. W e th e n find out th at th is l aptop containe d th e nam e s of 20,000 e m pl oye e s or cus tom e rs , incl uding s ocial -s e curity num be rs , bank -account num be rs and oth e r private inform ation. W e s m il e to ours e l ve s th ink ing th at w e ce rtainl y w oul dn't do anyth ing s o s tupid as to l e ave pe rs onal , private inform ation avail abl e for any m is cre ant to h arve s t. Righ t?M aybe not. Is your l aptop re al l y prote cte d in a w ay th at, if it's s tol e n, no pe rs onal inform ation w oul d be gl e ane d?

M

y ow n l aptop contains al l m y h om e financial re cords , incl uding account num be rs , pas s w ord-acce s s inform ation, e tc. I al s o h ave pas s w ord inform ation for oth e r onl ine accounts . In addition, I s ave copie s of pe rs onall e tte rs I h ave m ail e d out in th e pas t. Al lof th is inform ation is ve ry private , and I ce rtainl y do not w ant it in th e h ands of a bad guy. So h ow doe s one prote ct th is inform ation w ith out inve s ting s ignificant e ffort and tim e ?

W h e n you s e t up a True Crypt vol um e , you are e s s e ntial l y de fining and cre ating a fil e (cal l e d a containe r in True Crypt te rm inol ogy) w h ich w il lbe m ounte d as a fil e s ys te m . You acce s s (i.e . m ount) th e fil e s ys te m by e nte ring th e corre ct pas s w ord. From th at point on, you can acce s s any fil e in th e fil e s ys te m /containe r as

Th e ans w e r, of cours e , is a s oftw are pack age cal l ed True Crypt. Th e fol l ow ing e xpl anation com e s from th e True Crypt Us e r Guide introduction:

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you w oul d any fil e in any oth e r fil e s ys te m . Th e s oftw are doe s far m ore th an th is ;it h as m any additionalfe ature s w h ich are be yond th e s cope of th is articl e. O ne inte re s ting fe ature w orth noting is th e “ h idde n vol um e ” . Le t's s ay you are be ing force d to unl ock your containe r (s om e one h as a gun pointe d at you). Th e h idde n vol um e fe ature al l ow s you to unl ock your containe r and s h ow th e pe rpe trator th e unl ock e d vol um e w ith out re ve al ing th at th e re is re al l ya s e cond vol um e (w ith al lth e re al data in it) h idde n unde r th e cove rs . W ith out k now ing of its e xis te nce , you w oul d ne ve r be abl e to de duce th at it e xis ts . It's w orth w h il e s pe nding s om e tim e re ading th e 9 2-page us e r m anual th at com e s w ith th e s oftw are .

5.0-ubuntu-x86.tar.gz. To m ak e l ife s im pl e , s ave th e fil e to your de s k top. O nce s ave d, doubl e cl ick on th e fil e icon;th e Gnom e arch ive m anage r, Fil e Rol l e r, w il lope n up a w indow s h ow ing th e conte nts of th is tar.gz fil e . O ne of th e fil e s you w il ls e e is true crypt_5.0-0_i386.de b. D rag th is fil e to th e de s k top and doubl e -cl ick on th e fil e icon. Th e pack age ins tal l e r w il lappe ar. Cl ick on th e “ Ins tal lPack age ” button and s it back for a fe w m om e nts w h il e True Crypt ins tal l s its e l f.

Now th at True Crypt is ins tal l e d, l e t's cre ate a True Crypt containe r. Re m e m be r, th is containe r w il l , w h e n prope rl y s e tup, l ook l ik e a fil e s ys te m w h e n m ounte d. Start True Crypt by firs t ope ning a com m and sh e l l(Appl ications > Acce s s orie s > Te rm inal ). Ente r th e com m and: truecrypt Th e dial og box (be l ow l e ft) w il l appe ar. From th e m e nu, s e l e ct Vol um e s > Cre ate Ne w Vol um e . A s e cond dial og box w il lappe ar:

True Crypt is avail abl e on Linux as w e l las W indow s , both in binary and s ource . To ins tal lTrue Crypt on Ubuntu, you ne e d to go to th e True Crypt dow nl oad w e b s ite : h ttp://w w w .true crypt.org/dow nl oad s .ph p. Go to th e Linux tab and ch oos e "Ubuntu (x86)". You w il l e nd up dow nl oading fil e true crypt-

Se l e ct Ne xt. Th e th ird dial og box appe ars . H e re you e nte r th e nam e of th e fil e th at you w ant to cre ate for h ol ding th e e ncrypte d fil e s ys te m . Th e n h it th e Ne xt button.

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In th is dial og, you s pe cify th e pas s w ord you w il lus e to ope n and al l ow acce s s to th e conte nts of th e e ncrypte d containe r. Re ad th e te xt accom panying th e dial og box for advice on ch oos ing a good pas s w ord. O nce s e l e cte d, h it th e Ne xt button.

vol um e . Again, you s h oul d re ad th e ins tructions th at appe ar in th e ne w dial og box. Es s e ntial l y, you s h oul d w iggl e th e m ous e ins ide th e dial og box to h e l p cre ate random digits th at True Crypt us e s to cre ate th e e ncrypte d vol um e .

You w il lth e n be as k e d h ow l arge to m ak e th is fil e /containe r. I h ave ch os e n 1GB.

Th e fol l ow ing dial og box as k s you for th e fil e s ys te m type to us e . Th e onl y avail abl e option is FAT. Jus t h it th e Ne xt button again. Th e ne xt dial og box al l ow s you to s pe cify w h ich k ind of e ncryption al gorith m to us e w h e n e ncrypting th e conte nts of th e containe r. You can re ad about th e various options in th e True Crypt Us e r's Guide . Le ave th e de faul ts as th e y are and h it th e Ne xt button.

At th is point, True Crypt h as al lth e inform ation it ne e ds to cre ate th e

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Th e l as t dial og box is onl ya progre s s m e te r th at s h ow s True Crypt form atting th e vol um e . O nce com pl e te , you can tak e a l ook at th e fil e th at w as cre ate d. Note h ow w e can “ m ount� our ne w fil e s ys te m w ith th e com m and ' ' in our s h e l l .


Al te rnative l y, you can us e th e GUI (th e firs t dial og box th at cam e up w h e n you e nte re d ' ') to m ount th e fil e as a fil e s ys te m . I did notice one “ gotch a” w ith th is ne w ve rs ion of True Crypt. O nce you e xit out of th e graph icalinte rface , you w oul d th ink th at th e program , true crypt, w oul d te rm inate . It doe s n't. A Ctrl -C in th e te rm inalis ne e de d to k il ltrue crypt.

W h e n th e above true crypt com m and is e xe cute d to m ount th e fil e s ys te m , a dial og pops up re q ue s ting th at you e nte r th e pas s w ord th at you de fine d e arl ie r. Note th at w e are m ounting th e vol um e on dire ctory /joe 0. For th is to w ork , th e dire ctory m us t h ave be e n pre vious l y cre ate d. If you do not s pe cify a dire ctory, a de faul t dire ctory is us e d.

To unm ount th e fil e s ys te m (be s ure you h ave no ope n fil e s in th e fil e s ys te m th at are be ing acce s s e d) e xe cute th e fol l ow ing com m and: truecrypt -d /joe0 or w h ich e ve r dire ctory you m ounte d th e True Crypt containe r onto. As a finaltouch , l e t's autom ate our tas k of m ounting th e True Crypt fil e s ys te m . W e ce rtainl y don't w ant to h ave to ope n a te rm inalw indow and e xe cute th e true crypt com m and e ach tim e w e w ant to acce s s our fil e s ys te m . W e jus t w ant to doubl ecl ick on an icon. W ith your m ous e ove r a bl ank are a on th e Gnom e de s k top, righ t-cl ick and s e l e ct “ Cre ate Launch e r...” . A dial og w il l

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appe ar (s e e th e il l us tration be l ow ). For “ Com m and” , e nte r th e fol l ow ing true crypt com m and: /usr/bin/truecrypt /home/joe/tmp/testtruecrypt/MySecretVol /joe0

W h e n you cl ick on th is icon, a te rm inalw indow w il lte m poraril y appe ar, fol l ow e d by our dial og box re q ue s ting th at th e pas s w ord for th is containe r be e nte re d. O nce th e pas s w ord h as be e n e nte re d th e w indow w il l cl os e . In a s im il ar m anne r, you can cre ate a l aunch e r for unm ounting th e fil e s ys te m . Th at's al lth e re is to it. Practice by cre ating a s m al lTrue Crypt containe r - untilyou fe e l com fortabl e w ith th e inte rface , and k now th at th e data is s afe , ye t acce s s ibl e.


H O W - TO

W ritte n by Ronnie Tuck e r

F

orgive m e , Rich ard Stal l m an! I w as te m pte d by val ue for m one y. I w as in ne e d of a ne w M P3 pl aye r and s aw an 80GB Bl ack iPod Cl as s ic for £160 (~ $300). Th e onl y s nag w as th at it w as a 6th Ge ne ration iPod, and Appl e al te re d 6G iPods to w ork onl y w ith iTune s (l ock ing out us Linux us e rs ). But fe ar not! Th e l ate s t update to l ibgpod al l ow s th e iPod and Am arok to s h are s om e M P3 l ove . Ne xt probl e m is th at it is ne ce s s ary to com pil e l ibgpod from s ource , w h ich is s om e th ing I h ad ne ve r done be fore . But w ith th e h e l p of a fe w th re ads from Ubuntu Forum s , I w as abl e to ge t m y iPod Cl as s ic w ork ing fantas tical l y wel lw ith Am arok . Th e firs t s te p w as to pl ug th e iPod into th e USB port to m ak e s ure Kubuntu coul d de te ct it (m os t dis tributions s h oul d). I copie d acros s s om e M P3 fil e s but

IPO D CLA SSIC A ND A M A RO K th e iPod s til ldis pl aye d th at it h ad no m us ic l oade d. Nice try;no go. W e now ne e d to dow nl oad and un-TAR th e l ibgpod s ource (from Source forge .ne t) w h ich can be found at: h ttp://url .ful l circl e m agazine .org/1a57cd

Ne xt, I h ad to ins tal la ton of de ve l ope r s tuff by ope ning a cons ol e (l ik e Kons ol e or Te rm inal ) and typing: sudo apt-get install buildessential libglib2.0-dev libgtk2.0-dev ligaguitils1-dev checkinstall Th at ins tal l e d q uite a fe w fil e s. I th e n h ad to run: sudo apt-get build-dep libgpod2 Now , tim e to actual l y com pil e ! In th e cons ol e 'cd' into th e dire ctory w h e re you un-tar'd th e s ource (e .g. cd /h om e /ronnie /D e s k top/l ibgpod/) and th e n run th e com m and:

12

./configure Th is did abs ol ute l y noth ing for m e . Afte r a bit of re s e arch , I re al ize d th at I ne e de d to tick th e 'e xe cutabl e ’box for th e ‘configure ’fil e in th e un-tar’ d l ibgpod fol de r (you can al s o jus t run ch m od + x configure ). Now it w il lrun.


Ne xt, s til lin th e cons ol e , type :

sudo ln -s /usr/local/lib/libgpod.so.3 /usr/lib/libgpod.so.2

make Scre e n afte r s cre e n of inform ation appe are d;none of it m ade any s e ns e to m e . Not th at I s aw th at m any s cre e ns - I w as too bus y w ith m y e ye s cl os e d praying to th e Linux Gods .

Now l ink th e s e cond l ibrary: sudo ln -s /usr/local/lib/libgpod.so.3 /usr/lib/libgpod.so.3 Ne xt, w e ne e d to find w h e re in th e /de v/s tructure th e iPod is , s o e nte r th e com m and:

Now th e com m and is : sudo checkinstall A w arning com e s up but, according to th e tutorialI re ad on Ubuntu Forum s , you jus t pre s s Ente r, th e n e nte r a de s criptive nam e , s om e th ing l ik e 'com pil ed l ibgpod2-0.6.0'. Unfortunate l y it s aid: 0.6.0 - Warning Debian policy complaint one I re al l y w as n't s ure w h at th at m e ant but it turns out it didn't l ik e th e '0.6.0', s o I pl aye d it s afe and jus t h it Ente r and h ope d for th e be s t. Now a te xt m e nu s cre e n appe ars in th e cons ol e w ith 11 options :

I ch os e option 3 firs t and e nte re d '0.6.0' to m ak e it l ook l ik e th e s cre e n s h ow n above (from th e Ubuntu Forum s pos t), th e n option 2, e nte re d 'l ibgpod2', pre s s e d Ente r and th e n praye d s om e m ore . Now w e h ave to l ink l ibrarie s . In th e cons ol e , type : sudo ln -s /usr/local/lib/libgpod.so.3 /usr/lib/libgpod.so.2 Your l ibgpod.s o.2 al re ady e xis ts ? Sam e w ith m e . Le t's de l e te it, th e n: sudo rm /usr/lib/libgpod.so.2 Try again:

13

df w h ich (for m e ) l is ts : /dev/sda1 /media/IPOD W ith th at inform ation, w e h ave to run th e l ibgpod s cript to copy an XM Lfil e to th e iPod w h ich h as to do w ith th e ne w iPod de vice ID /s e rialnum be r in cons ol e e nte r: you m ay h ave to re pl ace /de v/s da1 w ith th e l ocation of your iPod w h ich w as re porte d afte r is s uing th e 'df' com m and.


ipod-read-sysinfo-extended /dev/sda1 /media/IPOD W h ich gave m e th e re s ul t:

s om e th ing h as be e n pl ugge d in to /de v/s da1 but is n't q uite convince d it's an iPod:

Command not found. M ore re s e arch tol d m e th at th e re w as a s te p m is s ing in th e tutorialI re ad, s o now I h ave to run: sudo make install

I h ad to ope n th e iPod in D ol ph in/Konq ue ror (KD E) and ge t a fil e l is t of th e iPod;th is convince s Am arok th at it is inde e d an iPod.

w h ich did dis pl ay a fe w e rrors , but al s o cre ate d th e s cript th at w e ne e d. So, again I try: ipod-read-sysinfo-extended /dev/sda1 /media/IPOD No re pl y. But, in th e Linux w orl d, no ne w s is good ne w s . Th at is bas ical l y it!

From m y Col l e ction tab, I se l e ct a fe w al bum s by righ t cl ick ing on an al bum titl e and ch oos ing 'Trans fe r to M e dia D e vice '.

Cl ick th e D e vice s tab and, at th e top of th e s cre e n, th e re 's an iPod button - I cl ick th at and from th e m e nu I ch oos e m y Bl ack 80GB iPod Cl as s ic.

Th e tutorialI re ad s aid to unins tal lAm arok and re ins tal lit, but I h ave to adm it th at I'm too l azy to do th at, and de cide d to continue on none th e l e ss. I l oade d up Am arok and pl ugge d in th e iPod. Am arok re cognize s th at

14

It l ook s l ik e noth ing h as h appe ne d, but al lth e s ongs in th e ch os e n al bum are adde d to a trans fe r q ue ue . Cl ick th e D e vice s tab again and at th e bottom l e ft of th e s cre e n you'l ls e e th e trans fe r q ue ue .


To s tart th e trans fe r, you cl ick th e 'Trans fe r' button at th e top of th e s cre e n.

It m ay tak e a w h il e for th e fil es to copy acros s and for th e iPod to s top s aying 'Synch ronizing'. W h e n done (s til lin th e D e vice s tab), I cl ick th e D is conne ct button (at th e top of th e s cre e n, be s ide th e Trans fe r button), and I ge t an e rror m e s s age s aying it's not dis conne cte d prope rl y.

podcas t dow nl oad and trans fe r facil itie s of Am arok w ith th e iPod. Al l good! Unfortunate l y, afte r you l og out and in again, or re boot, Am arok s e e m s to ignore th e l ibgpod th at w e 've jus t buil t and re s orts to us ing an ol de r ve rs ion. Th e onl y w ay I h ave found of re s ol ving th is is to m ak e s ure your iPod is unm ounte d, e xit Am arok , now bring up a te rm inaland type : sudo rm /usr/lib/libgpod.so.2 sudo rm /usr/lib/libgpod.so.3 th e n type : sudo ln -s /usr/local/lib/libgpod.so.3 /usr/lib/libgpod.so.2

So I s afe l y 'e je ct' it from th e icon on m y de s k top, and th e n unpl ug th e iPod. D one ! And e ve ryth ing w ork s pe rfe ctl y: m y M P3 s ongs pl ay, I can fl ip th rough th e al bum artw ork , and I can al s o us e th e

sudo ln -s /usr/local/lib/libgpod.so.3 /usr/lib/libgpod.so.3 Now l oad up Am arok and it w il l prope rl y de te ct your iPod again.

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If you h ave any q ue s tions , articl e s , or s ugge s tions , for , vis it our forum (h os te d by UbuntuForum s .org) and put up a pos t.


H O W - TO

W ritte n by M atth e w H ol de r

INTRO D UCTIO N TO LATEX

L

aTe X is a type s e tting s ys te m th at doe s not fol l ow th e 'norm al ' W YSIW YG (W h at You Se e Is W h at You Ge t) approach of th e w ord proce s s ors th at m os t of us are us e d to. Th e pow e r of LaTe X is due to th e fact th at it fol l ow s a l is t of type s e tting rul es m uch l ik e th os e carrie d out be fore th e us e of w ord proce s s ors . D ocum e nts cre ate d us ing LaTe X w il ll ook l ik e a profe s s ional l y type s e t docum e nt. I us e LaTe X to ge ne rate l e tte rs , docum e nts and pre s e ntations ; and I e ve n us e d it to cre ate a l arge pos te r at w ork . Th is s oftw are is ve ry popul ar in unive rs itie s due to its e nh ance d e q uation and cros s -re fe re ncing abil itie s . Th is articl e w il lcontain onl ya ve ry bas ic tas te of w h at th is type s e tting s ys te m can be us e d for, and w il lcove r th e fol l ow ing:

W e w il lus e th e 'pdfl ate x' com m and to ge ne rate a PD F dire ctl y from our 's ource code '. Firs t, to ins tal lLaTe X, us e your pack age m anage r to ins tal l' '. Be l ow is a l is t of com m ands us e d to cre ate th e conte nt in th e docum e nt. Ente r th e fol l ow ing brow n col ore d code into a te xt fil e. \documentclass[a4paper,12pt]{ar ticle} \usepackage{graphicx} \usepackage{multicol} \title{LaTeX Primer} \author{TUX}

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\begin{document} \maketitle \clearpage \tableofcontents \clearpage \listoftables \clearpage \listoffigures \clearpage \section{Equations} I will begin by adding a famous equation to the document, and referencing the equation in the text. Einstein published important papers in 1905, and one of them was Special Relativity, popularly known as \ref{eqn1}. \begin{equation} \label{eqn1} E = mc^2 \end{equation}


where, E represents energy, m the mass of the object, and c the speed of light. \section{Table} Now we will insert a table containing a fictional list of names and ages. Table \ref{table1} contains... \begin{table}[!h] \caption{A table to contain ages and names} \label{table1} \begin{center} \begin{tabular}{|c|c|} \hline Name & Ages\\ \hline Bob & 24\\ Dave & 13\\ Lucy & 27\\ Claire&12\\ \hline \end{tabular} \end{center} \end{table} \section{Columns} It is very easy to add multiple columns to the

document: \begin{multicols}{2} LOTS OF CONTENT LOTS OF CONTENT LOTS OF CONTENT LOTS OF CONTENT LOTS OF CONTENT LOTS OF CONTENT LOTS OF CONTENT LOTS OF CONTENT LOTS OF CONTENT LOTS OF CONTENT LOTS OF CONTENT LOTS OF CONTENT LOTS OF CONTENT LOTS OF \end{multicols} \section{Image} \begin{figure}[!h] \caption{Image} \label{image1} \begin{center} \includegraphics[width=3in]{tux .png} \end{center} \end{figure}

pl ace , ope n a te rm inaland navigate to th e dire ctory w h e re th e fil e is s ave d. O nce th e re e nte r: pdflatex fullcircle.tex To ge ne rate cros s -re fe re nce s , th e above com m and m us t be e nte re d tw ice . I h ave bare l y s cratch e d th e s urface in th is tutorial , and I re com m e nd ' 'h ttp://w w w .ctan.org/te xarch ive /info/l s h ort/e ngl is h /l s h ort. pdf.

\end{document} Le ft: th e 'tux.png' as us e d in th e code above . O nce th is is com pl e te , s ave th e fil e to a k now n

17

Above : th e re s ul ting PD F fil e as s e e n in KPD F.


CREATE YO UR O W N SERVER - Part 3

H O W - TO W ritte n by D anie lLam b

W

e now h ave a w ork ing s e rve r w ith th e bas e s ys te m , Sam ba, SSH , Xubuntu de s k top and W e bm in al l ins tal l e d;w e w il lnow ins tal l D H CP, and configure D H CP and Sam ba. W e 'l ls tart off w ith D H CP. Log into W e bm in by going to h ttps ://l ocal h os t:10000 Go to “ Se rve rs ” , th e n “ D H CP” . Cl ick on "Add a ne w s ubne t", and fil lin th e de s cription of th e s ubne t. For ne tw ork addre s s , us e th e s am e IP as th e inte rnal addre s s , but us e 0 as th e e nding octe t;for e xam pl e , if your inte rnal NIC is 19 2.168.1.1, th e n us e 19 2.168.1.0 for your ne tw ork addre s s . For addre s s range s , us e th e range of addre s s e s to be as s igne d by D H CP. For ne tm as k , us e th e s am e as your s ubne t; m os t are 255.255.255.0. Cl ick "Cre ate ".

Now to configure Sam ba fil e s h are s . O nce cre ate d, cl ick th e ne w icon th at w as jus t cre ate d (w ith th e ne tw ork addre s s you ch oos e unde r it). Scrol ldow n to th e bottom , and cl ick "Edit Cl ie nt O ptions ". Fil lin th e Subne t m as k w ith th e s ubne t;th e D e faul t route rs and D NS s e rve rs w ith your inte rnalIP;and th e Broadcas t addre s s w ith th e inte rnalIP - but w ith 255 at th e e nd. Cl ick "Save "th e n s tart th e s e rve r.

18

Firs t of al l , cre ate a fol de r on your s e rve r. I w oul d norm al l y cre ate one w ith in a s tandard us e r's h om e fol de r, s o th e dire ctory l is ting w oul d be /H om e //s h are -nam e . Le t's s tart by cal l ing one “ Sh are d” ;brow s e to th e m ain H om e fol de r, and th e n dow n to th e fol de r nam e d w ith your e xis ting us e rnam e ; righ t cl ick , and ch oos e “ Cre ate Fol de r” . Nam e th e ne w fol de r “ Sh are d” , and e ns ure th at th e


pe rm is s ions of th e ne w fol de r al l ow re ad and w rite acce s s by al l us e rs - as s h ow n be l ow .

Now cl ick on Fil e pe rm is s ions , and ch ange th e Ne w Unix fil e m ode to 777 and th e Ne w Unix dire ctory m ode to 777. Cl ick "Save ".

Sam ba w il lnow h ave a s h are d fol de r th at you can brow s e to. H ow e ve r, you w il lnot be abl e to acce s s it untilyou cl ick on th e s h are , se l e ct Se curity and Acce s s control , ch ange th e s h are to W ritabl e , e nabl e Gue s t acce s s , and th e n cl ick "Save ".

Re s tart Sam ba, and you s h oul d now be abl e to w rite to your s h are .

NEXT M ONTH :

SPECIA LBIRTH D AY ISSUE!

Now go back to W e bm in, go to “ Se rve rs ” , and th e n “ Sam ba W indow s Fil e s h aring” . Se l e ct “ Cre ate a ne w fil e Sh are ” ;nam e th e fil e s h are “ Sh are d” and s e l e ct th e dire ctory you w is h to s h are . Fil lin a Sh are Com m e nt if you w is h , and cl ick “ Cre ate ” .

w h e re w e dis cus s th e birth of , h ow w e m anage d to ove r com e s om e of our bigge s t h urdl e s in cre ating and organizing FCM and s om e ge e k y dow nl oad s tats . - Th e GIM P. incl ude s cre ating a ne w im age , dpi and th e m os t im portant tool s ne e de d for our future GIM P s e s s ions .

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REVIEW

LENO VO 3000 C200

W ritte n by Joe Be rry

I

: Ce l e ron M 420 1.6 GH z CPU 512 M B RAM 40 GB H ard D rive CD RW /D VD 15 inch LCD W ire l e s s 802.11g W indow s XP H om e

am a s e nior s oftw are de ve l ope r for a l arge corporation. M y m ain com pute r is a h igh -e nd D e l ll aptop th at I us e for s oftw are de s ign and de ve l opm e nt as w e l las oth e r bus ine s s -re l ate d activitie s . Since th is com pute r accom panie s m e w h e th e r I w ork from h om e or th e office , I al so us e it for pe rs onalth ings s uch as m anaging m y ch e ck ing account, re cording inte rne t radio, m onitoring th e s tock m ark e t, e tc. O nce , I h ad s om e s e rious probl e m s w ith th e W indow s 2000 s ys te m running on th e l aptop, w h ich re s ul te d in our IT de partm e nt “ re im aging� m y dis k . Ye s , I h ad a back up of e ve ryth ing s o th e re w as no l os s . Ne ve rth e l e s s , th is re inforce d m y pe rce ption th at I s h oul dn't be running pe rs onal appl ications on m y w ork l aptop. Th e re fore , w h e n I found an ad at Buy.com for a re furbis h e d Le novo 3000 C200 l aptop for $389 , I de cide d th is w as m y opportunity to ge t a re al pe rs onal -onl yl aptop. I orde re d th e l aptop and w h e n it arrive d, I

20

im m e diate l y turne d it on and s at back w h il e W indow s XP autom atical l y ins tal lits e l f. I h ad de cide d I w oul d ins tal lUbuntu (h aving pl aye d w ith th e CD ve rs ion on m y bus ine s s l aptop) but w ante d to l e t th e XP ins tal l continue to com pl e tion. Th e purpos e of th at e xe rcis e w as to as ce rtain th at e ve ryth ing w as O K w ith th e m ach ine in cas e I h ad to re turn it. If th e re w as a probl e m , I w ante d Le novo to fix it w ith out h aving to e xpl ain w h y I w as not running th e ir ope rating s ys te m . And inde e d th e re w as a probl e m . Th e buil t-in w ire l e ss adapte r w oul dn't s tay conne cte d to m y ne tw ork for m ore th an a fe w m inute s at a tim e be fore dis conne cting. I s e arch e d on th e inte rne t and found s im il ar com pl aints about th e w ire l e ss fe ature and W indow s . I w e igh e d m y options and de cide d to continue w ith th e Linux ins tal l ation. Note th at th is w as not going to be a dual -boot


s ys te m . I w ante d Linux and I w as pre pare d to pay th e price for w h ate ve r w oul d h appe n. As it w as , th e ins tal l ation of Ubuntu 7.04 w e nt fl aw l e ssl y. W e l l , al m os t fl aw l e ssl y. Inde e d, m y buil tin w ire l e s s adapte r did not w ork , nor did th e audio. In orde r to update m y l aptop w ith any fixe s I m igh t ne e d, I ne e de d inte rne t conne ctivity. So, I conne cte d an Eth e rne t cabl e to th e l aptop (I h ave both w ire d and w ire l e ss com pute rs on m y ne tw ork at h om e ). Ubuntu autom atical l y configure d th at inte rface w ith D H CP and, al m os t im m e diate l y th e re afte r, I w as on th e air. I s e arch e d th e Inte rne t for “ Le novo 3000 C200 Ubuntu w ire l e s s ” . W ith th os e k e y w ords , I im m e diate l y found a s ite th at e xpl aine d h ow to ge t th e buil t-in w ire l e s s adapte r to w ork . From th is w e bs ite , I unfortunate l y dis cove re d th at th e re w e re variations to m y l aptop (I'm s til l not s ure w h at th e y re al l y are ) and th at th e e xpl anation be ing offe re d w as not for m y variant l aptop. Afte r care ful l y fol l ow ing th e

ins tructions s e ve raltim e s , I s til l coul d not ge t m y w ire l e s s adapte r to w ork . So, w h at w as I to do?I re al l y w ante d w ire l e s s conne ctivity. Sim pl e. I gave up and found a s pare PCM CIA w ire l e s s card. I cycl e d th e pow e r on myl aptop and s tarte d th e com pute r w ith th e card pl ugge d in. In no tim e , w ith no inte rve ntion (oth e r th an to e nte r m y W PA pas s w ord), I w as conne cte d via m y w ire l e s s card. M y s ol ution m ay not be as “ pe rfe ct” as s om e of you w oul d w ant, but it w ork s for m e . I coul d h ave continue d to figh t th e battl e of th e w ire l e s s , but it w as n't w orth it for me. Ne xt cam e th e audio probl em. Back to th e Inte rne t. Th is tim e I s e arch e d for “ Le novo 3000 C200 Ubuntu audio” . Again, I found a s ite s h ow ing h ow to ge t th is s pe cific l aptop to w ork . It re q uire d th at I dow nl oad th e ALSA 1.0.14rc3 s ource code pl us a s pe cialpatch . Th e ins tructions w e re ve ry e xact and I fol l ow e d th e m to th e l e tte r. I al so found a m ore ge ne ralaudio de bugging w e bs ite at Ubuntu th at h el pe d m e te s t th e ch ange s I m ade . H appil y, e ve ryth ing w ork e d pe rfe ctl y.

21

I h ad audio! Now I w as re al l y h appy. I ne xt de cide d to te s t out m ul tim e dia. I w e nt to YouTube and it w ork e d fine . I l oade d s om e M P3 fil e s and th e y too w ork e d fine . O n W indow s I h ad be e n us ing W inam p to l is te n to m y m us ic col l e ction. But w h at to us e on Ubuntu?I notice d s e ve ral pos s ibl e m us ic-pl aye r appl ications , afte r pl aying w ith a num be r of th e m I ch os e Rh yth m box as it l ook e d s om e w h at l ik e W inam p and h ad s im il ar functional ity. I th e n ins e rte d a D VD and ran into a ne w probl e m . I e njoy w atch ing ol d tim e TVs h ow s and m ovie s th at can be purch as e d for a dol l ar in m any s tore s in th e US. W h e n I ins e rte d one of th e s e D VD s , Tote m M ovie Pl aye r autom atical l y s tarte d. It s h ow e d th e 30-s e cond h e ade r in th e m ovie but noth ing e l se . I coul dn't m ak e it go pas t th is h e ade r. I didn't e ve n try w atch ing one of th e m ore m ode rn m ovie s . I w ante d m y ol die s .


O bvious l y, th e probl e m w as Tote m . M aybe it coul d be m ade to w ork , but, out of th e box, for m e and m y l aptop, it didn't. I w e nt to th e Ubuntu w e bs ite and s e arch e d th e ir docum e ntation. I found e xactl y w h at I ne e de d at h ttps ://h e l p.ubuntu.com /7.10/m us i cvide oph otos /C/vide o.h tm l # vide obadform ats I care ful l y ins tal l e d th e appl ications th e y s ugge s te d and th e n s tarte d up gxine . Now , m y m ovie s w e re al lpl aying jus t l ik e th e y h ad be e n on m y W indow s l aptop. Eve ryth ing w as w ork ing and I w as a h appy cam pe r. I e njoye d th e s e ns ation for a m onth or tw o. And th e n cam e th e announce m e nt th at Ubuntu 7.10 w as out. I th ough t about it for a w e e k or s o. Sh oul d I s tick w ith 7.04, w h ich w as w ork ing fine , or s h oul d I go for al lth e ne w goodie s in 7.10?In particul ar, I w ante d to ch e ck out th e ne w printe r fe ature s -- I didn't l ik e th e w ay 7.04 printe d;it w as a configuration is s ue , but I w as h aving probl e m s figuring it out. I as s um e d th at th e audio w oul dn't w ork again -- but I k ne w h ow to

fix it! So, I upgrade d to 7.10.

im pl e m e nt.

W ire l e s s w ork e d pe rfe ctl y w ith m y PCM CIA card (I w as n't e ve n going to try m y buil t-in w ire l e s s adapte r). And th e audio?Inde e d, it did not w ork . I h ad, of cours e , k e pt m y ins tructions and th e s ource code , s o I re buil t and re ins tal l e d th e ALSA s ound s ys te m . Th e onl y probl e m w as th at th e audio s til ldidn't w ork afte r m y re ins tal l ation. Now , I w as a l ittl e w orrie d. I de cide d to go to th e ALSA w e bs ite to s e e if th e y h ad any inform ation about m y l aptop. Th e firs t th ing I notice d w as th at th e ir ve rs ion of th e s oftw are w as ne w e r th an m ine . So, I dow nl oade d th e s oftw are , buil t it, and ins tal l e d it. No patch e s w e re us e d, jus t th e original , l ate s t ve rs ion of ALSA. H appil y, th is ve rs ion of th e s oftw are w ork e d pe rfe ctl y.

Ce rtainl y, m y e xpe rie nce s w ith Ubuntu m igh t be cons ide re d a bit ove rw h e l m ing for s om e pe opl e.I be l ie ve it is ve ry im portant to tak e advantage of th e Live -CD ve rs ion of Ubuntu and te s t any pros pe ctive com pute r for com patibil ity be fore purch as ing it. I h ope one day th e Linux w orl d w il lal s o e njoy th e pl e th ora of h ardw are th at e xis ts on W indow s . W h il e inve s tigating both th e w ire l e s s and audio probl ems I face d, I h ad th e opportunity to re ad m any UbuntuForum .org pos tings on th e s e s ubje cts . I w as m os t im pre s s e d by th e e xch ange of inform ation. I coul d h e ar th e frus tration of th e pos te rs . Th e re s ponde rs al w ays s e e m e d to be cal m , patie nt, and m ore th an w il l ing to go s te p-by-s te p th rough w h ate ve r proce s s th e y w e re trying to e xpl ain. Th is is h ow th e Ubuntu fol k s w il lw in ove r conve rts to Linux and to Ubuntu in particul ar: one q ue s tion and ans w e r at a tim e .

Ubuntu w il ll e t you k now w h e n s e curity update s are ne e de d. O n occas ion, th e update s incl ude ch ange s to th e Linux k e rne l . H ow doe s one re cognize th at a ch ange h as be e n ins tal l e d?W h e n th e audio s tops w ork ing. Th is h as h appe ne d to m e a coupl e of tim e s . Th e fix is e as y and onl y tak e s s e ve ralm inute s to

22


YO U USE UBUNTU, NO T LINUX

M Y O PINIO N

W ritte n by Vince nt

F

or a w h il e I've be e n m e aning to w rite th is , and th e articl e "th e re 's m ore to Linux th an Ubuntu"[1]final l y m ade m e do it. You k e e p raving on about th e gre atne s s of th at m ys te rious al te rnative ope rating s ys te m cal l e d "Linux", m otivating s om e one to find out m ore . Th at s om e one Googl e s "l inux", e nds up at l inux.org, cl ick s "D ow nl oad" and is th e n pre s e nte d w ith an e xpans ive te xt be ginning w ith :

...and doe s n't k now w h at to do. Wh en e vange l izing, don't us e th e te rm "Linux", us e th e nam e of w h ate ve r dis tribution you're us ing.

You k now th os e pe opl e wh o keep on w h ining about you h aving to us e "GNU/Linux"ins te ad of "Linux"?W e l l , th e y're crazy. It's not l ik e by us ing "GNU/Linux"you've nam e d e ach and e ve ry com pone nt of your ope rating s ys te m . H e ck , if you w ante d to do th at, you'd e nd up w ith nam e s l ik e GNU/Linux/Xfce /Abiw ord/Gnum e ric/ Fire fox! H ow e ve r, by us ing th e nam e of your dis tribution, you point to e xactl y th at com bination of pack age s , s oftw are avail abil ity, and com m unity s upport th at you s o appre ciate . For e xam pl e , I h one s tl y cannot s ay th at I th ink al lLinux dis tributions are good. I can s ay, h ow e ve r, h ow m uch I appre ciate th e fact th at al lLinux dis tributions are ope n s ource . H ow e ve r, if I w e re to e vange l ize th at, I w oul d us e th e te rm "ope n s ource ". Bottom l ine : te l lpe opl e , w h o are ne w to ope n s ource , about th e

23

dis tribution you'd re com m e nd to th e m , s o as to pre ve nt th e m ge tting confus e d. You coul d cons ide r th is as dum bing dow n th e m as s e s . H ow e ve r, ne w us e rs ge t a l ot of inform ation th row n at th e m , and th e m os t im portant th ing at th e be ginning is to ge t th e m s tarte d. Th e y can l e arn about oth e r dis tributions l ate r, w h e n th e y are re ady to put s om e e ffort into finding th e dis tribution th at fits th e m . You cannot, h ow e ve r, e xpe ct th e m to be abl e to find th at out im m e diate l y. [1]h ttp://w w w .th e te ch andce nts .com /2007/ 12/th e re s -m ore -to-l inux-th anubuntu.h tm l

Above Le ft: Tux th e Linux m as ot. Above Righ t: Th e Ubuntu l ogo.


M Y STO RY

A K ID ' S STO RY

W ritte n by Sam Roge rs

M

y nam e is Sam . I am 12 ye ars ol d, and a re ce nt Linux conve rt. I can program PH P, and I'm l e arning SQL, Ruby, Pyth on, and C. For m y age , I'm com pute r s avvy. Th at's not to s ay I am “ total l y root� . In fact, I w as a W indow s us e r until about a m onth and a h al f ago. I h ad be e n us ing th e Live CD of Ubuntu Fe is ty for a fe w w e e k s . I abs ol ute l yl ove d it and l oath e d anyth ing M icros oft. Exce pt w h e n printing (as m y printe r s til lis n't s upporte d, but w e 're ge tting a ne w one ), I jus t boote d into th e Live CD and brow s e d th e w e b and did m y oth e r s tuff. Final l y, I convince d m y dad to al l ow m e to dual -boot Kubuntu Fe is ty and W indow s XP. So, afte r a pains tak ing five -h our s tint on th e w e b on dual -boot guide s , I w as confide nt it w oul d w ork -- Kubuntu, at l e as t. In GRUB, I s e l e cte d W indow s XP and

h ope d for th e be s t. O ops ! Yup, I did it. I brok e W indow s -- not th at m uch of a l os s . Utte rl y s urpris e d at m y dad's indiffe re nce tow ards th e l os s (w e didn't back up), I s h ie d from th e com pute r for a coupl e of days . Now afte r a fe w w e e k s our e ntire fam il y is com pl e te l y h appy w ith it. Th is w as w h at I k ne w w oul d h appe n. W e h ave re s cue d th e W indow s th ings w e ne e de d, and are us ing W INE (h ttp://w w w .w ine h q .org/) for a fe w program s . Be yond th at, w e 've found re pl ace m e nts . O nce w e ge t a s upporte d printe r, w e w il lbe ful l -on Linux and ne ve r l ook back . M y fam il y is e xtre m e l y pl e as e d w ith Linux, th e program s avail abl e, th e com m unity, th e fre e dom . Eve ryth ing about th is O S is gre at. Pl us our boot tim e is l ite ral l y 11 m inute s fas te r. W e 've got our s ys te m cus tom ize d. I've got GNO M E, m y dad's got KD E, and m y m om 's got a

24

w e b brow s e r. Th ank s to Linux, w e are now fre e of virus e s , s pyw are , unne ce s s aril yl ong boot tim e s and a s h ady l ock -in tactic (not to m e ntion il l e galactivity by a ce rtain com pany w e w on't m e ntion). It al s o re s urre cte d our ol d com pute r. So, if you're re ading , and th ink ing of s w itch ing, I've got onl y th is to s ay: do it! But re m e m be r your back ups .

Above : W INE running M icros oft W ord, Exce land Pow e rpoint.


M O TU INTERVIEW

A ND REA VERI

Tak e n from

Be h ind M O TU is a s ite w h ich fe ature s inte rvie w s w ith th os e w h o are k now n as 'M as te rs of th e Unive rs e ' (M O TU). Th e y are th e vol unte e r arm y of pack age m aintaine rs th at l ook afte r th e Unive rs e and M ul tive rs e s oftw are re pos itorie s .

Andre a Ve ri h ttps ://l aunch pad.ne t/~ bl ue k uja

(introducing ctorre nt, gtorre nt-vie w e r and v2s trip pack age s ins ide Fe dora) for m ore th an 3 m onth s - untilth e be ginning of M arch 2006 w h e n I de cide d to m ove de finite l y to Ubuntu afte r dis cove ring it at a frie nd’ s party. It w as l ove at firs t s igh t th at m ade m e l e ave e ve ry Fe dora pl an and proje ct to cre ate m y firs t pe rs onalw ik i page on w ik i.ubuntu.com s om e days l ate r.

Age : 18 Location: Udine , Ital y IRC Nick : bl ue k uja

I s tarte d us ing Linux at th e e nd of 2005 us ing Re d H at and Fe dora dis tros , contributing on w riting s e ve ralpage s for Fe dora docum e ntation (m os tl y s e rve r docs ) but m ainl y w ork ing on s om e pack aging-re l ate d activitie s

In fact, I s tarte d us ing Ubuntu at th e be ginning of 2006, firs tl y ge tting invol ve d ins ide th e Edubuntu fam il ym ak ing re alth e pos s ibil ity to h ave an Edubuntu Ital ian s upport and w e bs ite are a ins ide th e curre nt Ital ian LoCo Te am .

25

Righ t afte r joining th e Ubuntu brigade , I s tarte d ch e ck ing out M O TU docum e ntation, m ainl y pack aging guide pl us D e bian ne w m aintaine r’ s guide , trying to unde rs tand e ve ry s ingl e ne w w ord, and appl ying dire ctl y to a s ource pack age e ve ry l e s s on l e arne d during de ve l ope r’ s w orl d “ trave l ” . Afte r ge tting introduce d, and fas cinate d by an active com m unity, I h ad to l e ave th e proje ct for a w h il e for s om e s m al lprobl e m s , re s tarting e ve ryth ing in M ay 2007 w ith m y firs t s pons ore d upl oad ins ide th e arch ive . M y pack aging pas s ion incre as e d righ t afte r m e e ting Al e xande r Sack ins ide # ubuntum ozil l ate am irc ch anne ls om e days l ate r, de ciding to w ork dire ctl y w ith h im as m y m e ntor for both D e bian and Ubuntu dis tributions .


I s tarte d w ith D e bian Ne w M aintaine r’ s guide and Ubuntu’ s pack aging guide - m oving th e n to pack age m y firs t appl ications , l e arning from al re ady-pack age d s oftw are , and as k ing Al e xande r w h e n ne ce s s ary - m e anw h il e im proving and l e arning e ve ry tim e from h im or from oth e r de ve l ope rs a ne w Ubuntu Te am l e s s on.

Introducing a fix and m ak ing tons of us e rs h appy is one of th e be s t th ings I appre ciate from be ing a M O TU. M e ntoring, s pons oring, h el ping out ne w contributors or s tude nts is s om e th ing s pe cialas wel l .

I al w ays s ugge s t to s tart w ith a pack age th at a ne w contributor care s about pe rs onal l y;th at’ s us e fulto im prove /fix th e pack age

its e l f during its m ainte nance . Re ading M O TU and D e bian docum e ntation is a gre at s tarting point as w e l l- to avoid any s trange q ue s tion on our M O TU irc ch anne l .

I’ m curre ntl y w ork ing on a vas t are a of pack age s , but I’ l ltry to focus on p2p (Pe e r-2-Pe e r) appl ications both for Unive rs e and M ain. I pl anne d to cre ate a M O TU-p2p te am re al l y s oon, incl uding it ins ide th e e xis ting M O TUtorre nt te am , but it w il ltak e s om e m onth s to organize e ve ryth ing; contributors (te s te rs /pack age rs ) are curre ntl y m is s ing.

I’ l lk e e p w ork ing on a l arge num be r of pack age s , but as I s aid be fore , I w oul dl ik e to focus on h aving an update d s ituation of p2p appl ications , introducing l ibtorre ntras te rbar and its re l ate d cl ie nts l ik e btg or l ink age . Cre ating a w ork ing te am w ith inte re s te d contributors and de ve l ope rs w il lbe th e firs t s te p to w ork on.

26

“ As for m e , al lI k now is th at I k now noth ing.” — Socrate s

Il ove going around w ith m y m otorbik e , l is te ning to good m us ic, pl aying bas k e tbal l , and m e e ting up w ith frie nds around th e city ce nte r.


UBUNTU W O M EN

ik r.com ) im age : cam bodia4k ids org (Fl

W ritte n by Em m a Jane H ogbin

L

as t m onth , w e cre ate d a vis ion of w h at s ucce s s l ook s l ik e . From th is vis ion w e de ve l ope d goal s for our proje ct. Th is m onth w e w il lbre ak our goal s into th e “ action ite m s ” w e ne e d to ach ie ve s ucce s s . For e ach of th e goal s you ide ntifie d l as t m onth , w rite out a

l is t of al lth e s te ps you w oul d ne e d to accom pl is h to ach ie ve th at goal . You m ay h ave s om e goal s th at h ave s im il ar tas k s . Th e s e can be com bine d into proje cts w ith th e ir ow n l is t of action ite m s . Sort th e ite m s s o th at tas k s th at can be s tarte d im m e diate l y are at th e top of th e l is t. You m ay w is h to track th e s e tas k s in a proje ct W ik i. A q uick W e b s e arch w il lre ve alm any diffe re nt tas k track ing util itie s - from com m and l ine util itie s to ful lW e b appl ications . Th e trick w ith e ach of th e s e tool s is to bre ak your l is ts into tas k s you can com pl e te in l e s s th an tw o h ours . If th e tas k s are too l arge th e y w il l ne ve r ge t done .

27

H e re is an e xam pl e of h ow to bre ak your goal s into tas k s : one of th e goal s of th e Ubuntu W om e n te am is to e ncourage w om e n to participate in core Ubuntu proje cts . O ur l is t of th ings to do incl ude s : • com pil e al is t of core proje cts in Ubuntu; • ide ntify contact pe opl e for e ach core proje ct; • ide ntify h ow m any w om e n are curre ntl y active in e ach group. You can vie w th e ful ll is t at h ttp://w ik i.ubuntuw om e n.org/ToD o. Tim e to turn your dre am s into tas k s ! Ch e ck back ne xt m onth to s e e h ow w e de alw ith th e (ove rw h e l m ing) l is t of tas k s you h ave cre ate d.


UBUNTU YO UTH

W ritte n by Andre w from w w w .Te e ns O nLinux.org

Th e future of ope n s ource is in th e young pe opl e of today;th at's w h y th is corne r of th e m agazine is for young pe opl e or s im pl y th os e w h o are young at h e art.

a ph one th at runs w h at you w ant it to, and not w h at big com panie s s itting on m ountains of cas h w ant?Ente r Android, O pe nM ok o (righ t), and of cours e , Ubuntu M obil e ! (l e ft)

K

ids and te e ns today are attach e d to, nay, conjoine d w ith , th e ir m obil e ph one s . If you l ook around your cl as s room and failto s pot at l e as t five pe opl e te xting e ach oth e r during th e te ach e r's h our-l ong l e cture , th e n you s h oul d s ch e dul e an appointm e nt w ith your e ye doctor! Unfortunate l y, m os t of th e s e ph one s run proprie tary firm w are de ve l ope d s pe cifical l y for e ach m ode l . W oul dn't it be coolto h ave

Late l y, th e re s e e m s to be a s trong m ove m e nt tow ard ope n-s ource te l e ph ony. Th is l e ads to m ore ch oice , m ore fre e dom , and m ore apps on your ph one th at m ak e your frie nds e nvious . Th is is gre at for te e ns be caus e now th e y can de cide w h at th e y h ave on th e ir ph one s . D on't w ant th at fre e trialof PacM an or th e bow l ing gam e th at doe s n't w ork ?Re m ove it! W ant a fancy ringtone w ith out h aving to buy it from your m obil e provide r?M ak e your ow n! Se e n a s e rious bug in th e s oftw are and w ant to h e l p th e

28

com m unity by fixing it?Th e n do s o! It's al lin your h ands . It is your ph one , and you can do w ith it w h at you w il l . As th e y s ay in th e O pe nM ok o com m unity,


LETTERS

R

e garding your articl e about ins tal l ing Linux M int (FCM # 10), I trie d to ins tal lit on m y de s k top PC w h ich h as a SATA H D (w ith Ubuntu 7.10 on it and noth ing e l s e ) and it didn't w ork . I trie d in VirtualBox and as a Live CD and s til lno go. I s h oul d add th at D e bian Etch doe s not ins tal le ith e r. O n th e oth e r h and, M int ins tal l s fine on myl aptop (w ith ID E H D ). Is th e re a w ork around?

Ed:

I

re ad your articl e about ch e s s gam e s , and e ve n th ough it l ook e d nice , I th ink th e us e s of D re am Ch e s s , Poute dCh e s s and Brutal Ch e s s are ve ry fe w , due to th e s m al lnum be r of options . Give n th e l arge num be r of m ore

Eve ry m onth w e l ik e to publ is h s om e of th e e m ail s w e re ce ive . If you w oul dl ik e to s ubm it a l e tte r for publ ication, com pl im e nt or com pl aint, pl e as e e m ailit to: l e tte rs @ ful l circl e m agazine .org. PLEASE NOTE: s om e l e tte rs m ay be e dite d for s pace re as ons .

LETTER OF TH E M ONTH

W rite r of Le tte r of th e M onth w ins tw o m e talUbuntu cas e badge s !

I

w oul dl ik e to s ugge s t a s ubje ct for a future e dition: vide o code cs . I've found th is a re al probl e m in Ubuntu. Is it be s t to ins tal lRe alPl aye r to l is te n to BBC radio?O r us e e m be dde d M Pl aye r? Th e various Gs tre am e r program s in Ubuntu al s o h ave an e ffe ct on w h at w ork s . Al s o, to tune in to w w w .tal k radio.ne t w h ich us e s W indow s M e dia Pl aye r th e re are no cl e ar ins tructions in Ubuntu as to w h at program to dow nl oad in Synaptic - ch oos ing one program affe cts oth e rs and w h e th e r th e BBC w il lcontinue to w ork ! A gre ate r probl e m I've found is trying to vie w US te l e vis ion e g: w w w .w w itv.com as th e q uick tim e l ink s , e ve n us ing VLC, don't w ork . Ins tal l ing one s e t of code cs in Ubuntu s e e m s to autom atical l y

29

unins tal loth e rs - th e w h ol e proce s s of ge tting s ound and vide o w ork ing in Ubuntu is a h it and m is s affair - do you k now of a good s ource of inform ation to s ol ve th is pl e as e ? I al s o find th e Tote m m ovie pl aye r doe s not h ave as good a re s ol ution for w atch ing a m ovie as W indow s M e dia Pl aye r. As you probabl y gath e re d, I l ive outs ide of th e UK and re l y on m y PC for onl ine te l e vis ion program m e s and at pre s e nt h ave to us e M icros oft but I'd rath e r us e Ubuntu s o a dual boot is ne e de d. If th e above probl e m s are s orte d I'd s w itch ove r to Ubuntu com pl e te l y.


m ode rn and fe ature d ch e s s gam e s : h ttp://pych e s s .googl e page s .com /, - h ttp://tagua-proje ct.org/ and h ttp://cs board.be rl ios .de /th e s e m igh t be w orth a m e ntion as w e l l .

Ed:

F

irs tl y, I jus t w ant to s ay h ow m uch I e njoy re ading Ful l Circl e M agazine e ach tim e it is re l e as e d. I found FCM at is s ue 2 and h ave be e n an avid re ade r e ve r s ince . I norm al l y print it out as s oon as I ge t th e e m ailte l l ing m e it is re ady for dow nl oad and th e n re ad it on th e train on th e w ay h om e from m y M icros oft e nforce d 8 to 10 h our day. M y trip is around 40 m ins and it fits in ve ry w e l lw ith th is trip and w h e n I ge t h om e I th e n jum p onto m y PC to ch e ck out s om e of th e tips and h ints e tc. I am al so l ook ing forw ard to th e ful ls e rve r s e ction you are curre ntl y doing.

I

O ne com m e nt th at I w ant to m ak e in re gard to th e pre vious is s ue (FCM # 10) is th e ne w s ite m on page 4 'M icros oft H its Ne w Low '. I s trongl y be l ie ve th at as th is is a Linux m agazine th at any s tory in re gard to M icros oft is not w arrante d in th is m agazine . I pe rs onal l y h ave m ajor is s ue s w ith M icros oft, but I ne e d to w ork w ith th e ir products on a day to day bas is (it k e e ps m y k ids in s ch ool ). I w oul dl ik e to s e e FCM cove ring pos itive s torie s on Linux and not ne gative s torie s on oth e r ope rating s ys te m s , s oftw are or any oth e r products . Pl e as e do not s e e th is as an accus ation, be caus e you are doing an e xce l l e nt job w ith th e m agazine . I jus t w ant to give pos itive fe e dback .

am trying to ge t a l ocal is e d group for s e l f-h e l p w ith Ubuntu, and its oth e r de rivative s in th e Finch l e y are a of London.

Kind re gards and k e e p up th e good w ork .

A

Ed: , e ,b

30

Sh oul d you l ive in London N2 (Eas t Finch l e y), N3 (Finch l e y) or N12 (North Finch l e y) I w oul d be grate fulif you coul d e m ailm e at: am pe rs @ gm ail .com . Th e ge ne ralide a is to m e e t up and pe rh aps not onl y h el p pe opl e h e re , but h ope ful l y prom ote Ubuntu w h il s t w e are doing s o.

w e s om e m agazine , k e e p it up!

Th e be s t part is th at th e m agazine h as brough t m e th e m os t pow e rfulcom m ands of al l : s udo apt-ge t re m ove W indow s s udo apt-ge t ins tal lUbuntu


Q& A

W ritte n by Robe rt Cl ips h am

Q

A

It ce rtainl y is . You ne e d virtual ization s oftw are (m ach ine e m ul ator) to cre ate a virtualm ach ine . A virtual m ach ine is an e m ul ate d m ach ine th at runs w ith in your prim ary (h os t) ope rating s ys te m , e .g. Ubuntu, in w h ich you can ins tal l and run oth e r ope rating s ys te m s . Th e re are l ots of appl ications you can us e for th is ;s e e th e l ink be l ow for a l is t. Al s o s e e Luca D e M arini's articl e in Is s ue 5 about us ing th e ope n s ource Virtual Box. h ttp://ubuntuforum s .org/s h ow th re ad.ph p ?t=582729

Q

If you h ave Ubuntu-re l ate d q ue s tions , e m ailth e m to: q ue s tions @ ful l circl e m agazine .org, and Robe rt w il lans w e r th e m in a future is s ue .

A

You can us e rm "fil e -nam e w ith -*-in"to do th is . Us ing s pe e ch m ark s al s o al l ow s you to de l e te fil e s w ith s pace s in th e ir nam e s w ith out us ing \. h ttp://ubuntuforum s .org/s h ow th re ad.ph p?t= 713033

Q

Q

A

In a te rm inal , run th e com m and:

sudo dpkg-reconfigure xserver-xorg -phigh

In Nautil us , go to Edit -> Pre fe re nce s , th e n, on th e pre vie w tab, ch ange th e val ue for 'O nl y fil e s s m al l e r th an'. If you s til lh ave probl e m s , de l e te your ~ /.th um bnail s /dire ctory, and Nautil us w il lbe force d to re cre ate th e m .

th e n, re s tart X (by pre s s ing Ctrl + Al t + Back s pace ). If you s til l don't ge t th e corre ct re s ol ution, and can't e nabl e th e corre ct one in th e s cre e n re s ol ution pre fe re nce s , th e n you w il lne e d to fol l ow th e ins tructions at h ttp://ubuntuforum s .org/s h ow th r e ad.ph p?t=69 0760.

h ttp://ubuntuforum s .org/s h ow th re ad.ph p?t= 662304

h ttp://ubuntuforum s .org/s h ow th re ad.ph p?t=69 69 10

A

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M Y D ESK TO P

Your ch ance to s h ow th e w orl d your de s k top or PC. Em ailyour s cre e ns h ots and ph otos to: m is c@ ful l circl e m agazine .org and incl ude a brie f paragraph about your de s k top, your PC's s pe cs and any oth e r inte re s ting tidbits about your s e tup.

Ubuntu Guts y Gibbon 7.10 w ith Com piz Fus ion, Scre e nl e ts , AW N D ock , and Virtual Box Running W indow s XP Profe s s ional .

W ith a l ot of tw e ak ing and pl aying around, I got m y ASUS l aptop - 1.8 GH z CPU, 80 GB H D D and 1 GB of RAM , w h ich I got it for Ch ris tm as -- to run Ubuntu and got it l ook ing and fe e l ing ve ry m ode rn. Us ing th e originalH um an th e m e for M e tacity, I h ave configure d m y de s k top to give it an orange fe e l . By pe rfe cting th e w indow th e m e , col orizing th e de s k top w al l pape r to th e pe rfe ct col ors , and s e tting th e GNO M E pane lto trans pare nt, I h ave acq uire d a ge nuine l ook for m y Ubuntu de s k top. H ow e ve r, th at is n't th e e nd of th e tw e ak ing;e ve n th e s e ttings in Nautil us e xpl ore r and th e pl ugins for Com piz are arrange d diffe re ntl y from th e de faul t s e ttings provide d.

: M oom e x (h ttp://url .ful l circl e m agazine .org/cf7db2) : Fire fox (h ttp://url .ful l circl e m agazine .org/d79 a5b) : Nuove XT (h ttp://url .ful l circl e m agazine .org/766501) : Cus tom Buil t by Cybe rpow e r PCs (and m odifie d by m ys e l f ove r tim e ), AM D 64 X2 4200+ , 4 GB of D D R Ram , 2 TB h ard drive , Nvidia 512m b 7600, Be nq 22"@ 1680 x 1050 I h ave to s ay th at I've be e n w ork ing w ith Ubuntu for th e pas t ye ar and a h al f, s l ow l y e xpl oring it on various ol d m ach ine s in m y h ous e , and I h ave re al l y e njoye d th e e xpe rie nce . I'm pre tty m uch a ful ltim e Ubuntu us e r righ t now , onl y going into W indow s w h e n I de s pe rate l y ne e d to acce s s s om e proprie tary s oftw are or a gam e . I can't w ait to s e e w h at Ubuntu h as in s tore for th e future !

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TO P5 PLATFO RM GA M ES W ritte n by Andre w M in

Your m onth l yl is t of Linux gam e s or appl ications from th e de pth s of th e Inte rne t. If you h ave an ide a for a l is t, pl e as e e m ail : m is c@ ful l circl e m agazine .org

H om e page : h ttp://s upe rtux.l e th argik .org/

H om e page : h ttp://w w w .s e cre tm aryo.org/

If you've ne ve r pl aye d Supe rTux, you h ave no ide a w h at you're m is s ing. Bas ical l y, Tux's girl frie nd Pe nny h as be e n k idnappe d by s om e th ing (I've ne ve r be e n q uite ce rtain w h at). You m us t battl e s now bal l s , ice bl ock s , and s pik e s , us ing onl y Tux (and a fe w s upe rpow e rs ). It's a cl as s ic M ariol ik e jum p-'n'-bum p gam e th at e ve ryone s h oul d pl ay.

Th is is de finite l y not one th at Ninte ndo's jum ping up and dow n about. Be l ie ve it or not, SM C is not a cl one of Supe r M ario (th ough th e y did original l y us e th e M ario-l ik e s prite s ). Th e gam e pl ay is pre tty s im il ar th ough . Lik e in Supe r M ario (and Supe r Tux), M aryo runs around jum ping on turtl e s , and oth e r s trange cre ature s th at you us ual l y don't s e e running around.

To ins tal lSupe rTux, you can e ith e r ins tal lth e or pack age (th e firs t is ne w e r but m igh t contain bugs w h il e th e oth e r is ol de r but contains al m os t no bugs ). Both are in th e Unive rs e re pos itorie s . For s om e re as on, is onl y 0.3.0. Th e l ate s t ve rs ion is 0.3.1, w h ich you can ge t at h ttp://s upe rtux.l e th argik .org/w ik i/D ow nl oad/Uns tabl e (us e th e D e bian Pack age ).

To ins tal lSe cre t M aryo, grab th e pack age from th e Unive rs e re pos itory (Guts y us e rs s h oul d h ave th e Back ports re pos itory e nabl e d to ge t th e l ate s t and gre ate s t ve rs ion).

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H om e page : h ttp://abe .s ource forge .ne t/ If you're tire d of jum p-'n'-bum p gam e s , try out Abe . It's a cl one of th at ol d Com m odore 64 gam e . You run around a pyram id, avoiding crabs , col l e cting k e ys and ope ning doors . It m ay not h ave th e gre ate s t graph ics , but it's a l ot of fun, e s pe cial l y if you're one of th os e re tro gam e rs w h o m is s e s your 64. Abe is curre ntl y sl ate d for incl us ion in th e Unive rs e re pos itorie s . Unfortunate l y, th at w on't com e until8.04 H ardy, s ch e dul e d for April2008. In th e m e antim e , you can ge t it from at h ttp://w w w .ge tde b.ne t/app/Abe 's Am azing Adve nture .

H om e page : h ttp://w w w .w orm ux.org/w ik i/e n/inde x .ph p M os t of us h ave pl aye d th e cl as s ic 19 9 5 gam e W orm s . It w as an ol d s ide -s crol l er w h e re you m ak e w orm s bl ow e ach oth e r up w ith rifl e s , bazook as , gre nade s , s h otguns , Uzis , and Price l e s s M ing Vas e s . Wel l , al th ough it s til le xis ts as a com m e rcials e rie s , a GPLs pinoff k now n as W orm ux h as be e n re l e as e d. Ins te ad of w orm s , you figh t w ith O SS m as cots --Tux and M ozil l a are tw o e xam pl e s . But don't w orry, th e H ol y H and Gre nade is s til lth e re . To ins tal lth e l ate s t s tabl e ve rs ion of W orm ux, grab th e pack age in th e Unive rs e re pos itory. You can al s o ins tal lth e l ate s t be ta from at h ttp://w w w .ge tde b.ne t/app/W orm ux.

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H om e page : h ttp://w w w .te e w ars .com / W ik ipe dia de fine s Te e w ars as a cros s be tw e e n a cl as s ic s h oot-e m -up arcade gam e and a m ode rn firs t-pe rs on s h oote r. I gue s s th at's as cl os e as you'l l ge t to a de s cription of Te e w ars . It's bas ical l y a re al -tim e ve rs ion of W orm ux, w ith pis tol s , s h otguns , rock e t l aunch e rs , w oode n m al l e ts and grappl ing h ook s . O ne dow ns ide is th at it's m ul tipl aye r onl y (s o if you don't h ave an inte rne t conne ction, you're out of l uck );th e good ne w s is th at th e re 's a w onde rfull obby to h e l p you conne ct to e xis ting gam e s . Sadl y, Te e w ars is n't in th e Ubuntu re pos itorie s ye t. But, as us ual , h as a pack age at h ttp://w w w .ge tde b.ne t/app/Te e W ars .


Ful lCircl e Te am

H O W TO CO NTRIBUTE

- Ronnie Tuck e r ronnie @ ful l circl e m agazine .org - Rob Ke rfia adm in@ ful l circl e m agazine .org

W e are al w ays l ook ing for ne w articl e s to incl ude in Ful lCircl e . For articl e guide l ine s , ide as , and for is s ue trans l ation, pl e as e s e e our w ik i: h ttp://w ik i.ubuntu.com /UbuntuM agazine Pl e as e e m ailyour articl e s to: articl e s @ ful l circl e m agazine .org

If you w oul dl ik e to s ubm it ne w s , e m ailit to: ne w s @ ful l circl e m agazine .org Se nd your com m e nts or Linux e xpe rie nce s to: l e tte rs @ ful l circl e m agazine .org H ardw are /s oftw are re vie w s s h oul d be s e nt to: re vie w s @ ful l circl e m agazine .org Que s tions for future inte rvie w s s h oul d go to: q ue s tions @ ful l circl e m agazine .org Lis ts and de s k top/PC ph otos s h oul d be e m ail e d to: m is c@ ful l circl e m agazine .org If you h ave q ue s tions , you can vis it our forum : w w w .ful l circl e m agazine .org

Sunday 06th April .

H AVE YOUR SAY If you w ant to h ave your s ay on h ow Ful lCircl e M agazine de ve l ops , pl e as e atte nd our m onth l y IRC m e e ting. You can find our ne xt Age nda at: h ttp://url .ful l circl e m agazine .org/f2ba08 W e w ant input from you, th e re ade r, to h el p us m ak e de cis ions th at affe ct th e m agazine . Ne xt ge ne ralm e e ting (al lw e l com e ): . M e e tings tak e pl ace in th e IRC ch anne l , w h ich is on th e irc.fre e node .ne t s e rve r. O r you can us e our w e bIRC page w h ich is at h ttp://irc.ful l circl e m agazine .org and it w il lal l ow you to inte ract w ith our IRC ch anne lfrom w ith in your w e b brow s e r.

Friday 25th April .

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- Robe rt Cl ips h am m rm onday@ ful l circl e m agazine .org - M atth e w Ros s i podcas t@ ful l circl e m agazine .org Sam ue lBarratt D anie lCoh e n Andre w M in

Robe rt Cl ips h am Ph il ipp H รถh n Vid Aye r

Adam H e ck l er Andy Bis h op D avid D am pie r Andre w M in Ryan H artl age M atth e w H ol de r D avid M aino Jam e s Bark l ow Ch ris Burk e Ch ris O l ofs on D am on Rios D an Ph e l an D arre n M inifie D avid H aas D avid Cam pil l o D avid Sutton Gary Rich m ond Iain M ck e and Jas on M aguire Le o Arias M atth e w Jane s k i Nate M ich ae lKe nne dy Rom m e lBal igod Rich ard Gue nth e r Robe rt Sonny Ch auvin Ste ad H al s te ad Tom m y Al s e m ge e s t Th om as Cuth be rt

And our th ank s go out to , th e and th e m any trans l ation te am s around th e w orl d.


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