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ISSUE

George IV Bridge / / / / Vaults / / / Magazine Library

Brief


19-22

23-24


Contents

Site

03-04 Urban Environment, Public Libraies 05-08 Area plan 09-12 Photography of the area 13-18 Site

Brief

19-22 Precedent examples of modernized buildings 23-24 Brief 25-26 Functional Precedent of brief 27-28 History of Magazines

Concept

29-32 Typography // Connecting the Vaults


03

Urban Environment By analysing existing places and the complex relationships between their constituent parts we can learn to recognise and create the qualities of a rich and stimulating urban environment.

royal mile

castle

waverly station

scott monument/ princess street


04

public library In a traditional sense, a library is a large collection of books, and can refer to the place in which the collection is housed. Today, the term can refer to any collection, including digital sources, resources, and services. The collections can be of print, audio, and visual materials in numerous formats, including maps, prints, doc uments, microform (microfilm/microfiche), CDs, cassettes, videotapes, DVDs, video games, e-books, audiobooks and many other electronic resources. The term has acquired a secondary meaning: „a collection of useful material for common use.“ Libraries often provide a place of silence for studying, and they also often offer common areas to accomodate for group study and collaboration. Libraries often provide public facilities to access to their electronic resources and the Internet. Modern libraries are increasingly being redefined as places to get unrestricted access to information in many formats and from many sources. They are extending services beyond the physical walls of a building, by providing material accessible by electronic means, and by providing the assistance of librarians in navigating and analyzing tremendous amounts of information with a variety of digital tools.


05

Area plan of Edinburgh Scale 1:5000 Site // Edinburgh Central Public Library

22

17

39

35

15

4

1

322 326

3

2

5

4

1

1a

18

1

1

15 4

330

11 to

15

9 7

5

3

1

7

9 10

24

30

69

11

139

71

12 to 14

18

73 75

41

15

11a

26

16

17

82

19

1

89

87

85 83

81 71

to

67

63

65 79

62

61

45

43

41

to

54

29

37

32

46 48

34

25

27 29

73

40

42

36

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79

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to

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27

25

34 to 30

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ou

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Bristo Square

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Memorial

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New University

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TCBs

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field Charles

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83.8m

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86.0m

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21

Royal Museum of Scotland

National Museum of Scotland

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WYND COLLEGE

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86.0m

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(Architecture)

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Augustine United Church

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26 to 30

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TCBs

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Statue

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10 12 14 Terrace Victoria

Central Library PCB

Posts

PARL

TCBs

Nursery

Statue

Library Signet

179

197

TCB

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Posts

Lothian Chambers

205 207

213 211

PCB

Market Cross (site of)

Statue

Cathedral

Registrar's Office

PH

199

209

217 219

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92

Former Place of Public Execution

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Market Cross (restored) Statue

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Central Public Library

to 10 OW 98 TB WES WEST BOW

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60

to

to 96

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343 351 355

361 363

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233 to 241 323

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377 to 381

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ting Mee House

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Hostel

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PH

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93.0m

90.8m 17

16

87.8m

Terrace Johnston

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3

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519

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Sem

PC

Wall

Stone

Double

537 539 b 539

453 to

253

Council Offices

451

451

475 b 477 479 481 483

Philip Henman Hall

(site of)

2

Dry

Double

499

503 505

Weigh Houses

The Scotch Whisky Heritage Centre

Car Park

491

495

497

Boswell's Court

ESPLANADE

Meml

Drinking Trough

515

3

Edinburgh castle

PH

Assembly Hall

L CASTLEHIL

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ESPLANADE

Drawbridge

549

555

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Car Park

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Stone

Statue

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Wall Double

509

513

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(site of)

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RAMS

Runic Stone

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Palace and Chapel of Mary-De-Guise Queen Regent

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PH

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Statue

STREET BANK

ACE D PL MOUN

Stone

86.3m

STREET

26

NORTH BANK

Patrick Geddes Hall East

12 to

80.5m Stone

City Chambers

Statue

STREET

S' ST GILE

Arcade

65

67

s' Entry

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TCB

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78.3m

11

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59 to 63

Edinburgh Backpackers Hostel

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Ste ps

71.9m El Sub Sta

55

Close Craig's

N ew s

e 's Clos Warriston

ps r Ste Playfai

The

47

50

18 to

COCKBURN STREET

Scotsman Buildings

16

43 45

41

34

33

31

25 to 29

23

21

19

15

36 38

13

10

11

51

10

PH

PH

9

2 to

1

7

20 to

15 16

D

Anchor Close

Waverly train station 17

5

et Close Fleshmark

PH

Craig's Close

MOUN

PH

PH

Council Office

36

THE REET ET ST MARK

TCB

1

Ward Bdy

85.0m

39

41

1

Ward Bdy

Middle Meadow Walk (Cycle Track)

37

55

2

Teviot Row House

ool l Sch

Univer

dica sity Me

earch

Wilkie

l Res Surgica ory Laborat

LES CHAR

E T LAN STREE Department of Psychology

15

Dental Centre

Hugh Robson Building

7

GE SQU GEOR A

45

Lauriston Building Hugh Robson Building

Lauriston Building

Subway

Posts

(University Students Union)

Reid School of Music

ent Departm of cology Pharma

3

Monument

WAY NIGHTINGALE

ACE TERR

ARCHIBALD PLACE

Princess Alexandra Eye Pavilion

3 to 11

3

Subway

82.6m

L CHAR

ISTON LAUR

1

ET STRE MERS CHAL

El Sub Sta

PC

Lodge

27 to 35

85.0m

Chalmers Hospital

21 to 25

LAURISTON PLACE

85.0m

University Medical School

E WAY NIGHTINGAL

15 a

E NIGHTINGAL WAY 79.6m

Posts

17

27 to 32

GEOR

mas

St Tho

2 to 20

SOUTH SIDE

16

2

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in's Hig

of Aqu

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El Sub Sta

23a

24

21

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GEORGE SQUARE

25

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16

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23

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26

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SIMPSON LOAN

23

h Sch

77.4m

LOAN SIMPSON

32

30

28

17

34

LB

George Square Theatre

Library

72.8m 72.8m

(Edinburgh University)

(University)

NE RE LA SQUA

72.5m

Ward Bdy

(Cycle Path)

North Meadow Walk (Cycle Path)

Middle Meadow Walk

E RG EO G

(Cycle Path)

72.8m 72.8m

25

Walk North Meadow

ESS

El Sub Sta

North Meadow Walk (Cycle

Path)

24

17 to 19

14 to 16

73.2m

El Sub Sta

23

36

29

Posts

El Sub Sta


06

Old St 33

301

64 to

80

SK IN NE R'S NE W

6

to 319

18

2

50 56

297

3

10

3 1 to

7

3

4

65 61 to 67

6 to 10

DUMBIEDYKE S ROAD

12 to 18

3

81

Ward Bdy

179

1 18 193

16

10 11

1

3

5

25 21

27 29

3

b 37 39 41

to 51 43

10

3 1 to

4

a 37 35

4

6

6

8 7 5

CR O FT

5 3

H ER M IT S

1

17

2

21 to 25

3 1

11 19 to

73

4

5 6 7

8

9 10

12

13

14 to

5 7 9

1 3

16 17 to

19 20

13

67 to

7

9 to

11

23 25 27

75 77 79

5 3 1

5

55 53

TERRARS CROFT

4 64

to 52

81

to 39 35 33 34

26 to 29

1

2 3

34

2

203 to 207

1 2

10 12 26 16 to

10

3

3 1 to

209

117

119 121

123 127 129 131

3

Bucc leu Grey ch an Free friars d Ch urc h

to 171

1 to 10 91

4

5

15

35

13

55 57

4

to

9

11

ry Surge

46

ET RE ST RK CLE

27

7

6

62

40 42 44

43 45

51

24

24 25

a

29

38

37 39 41

49

6

10

25

to

50

33

60

30

5

41

28

El Sub Sta

10

22

39

9

5

Braidwo od Gate

145 26

1

5

30 31 32

1

to

56

1

1

42

11

38

44

15

to

1c

3 to 9

11 to 17

17a

19

21 23

31

30

17

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12

33 35 37

1 2

39 20

93 95

Po

ET RE ST OR EILL NK RA

16 14

8 10 12

2 4 6

D'S AR ON LE

13

24

7

3 4 5

51 53 49

73

32

QUEEN'S DRIVE

38

36

34

SM 77

79 34

20

22

85

1

87

24

79

3

8

23

to

18

ST

11

51 to 55

77

7

57

D'S AR ON LE HILL

36 to 40

69

ST

to 18 20 22

sts

9

ET STRE D'S AR LEON

10

79 81 True Jesus Church

54

8

23

to

11

2 4

7

65

19

16 25

33

8

63

AG CR

48 50 52

ST

8

73 75 77

7

Archers' Hall

2

9

57 59

D'S AR ON LE SM

NE LA

El Sub Sta

14

2 to

67

69

61

74.7m El Sub Sta

ST

to 17

59

Cinema

PH

10

12

65

ET STRE

9

6

22

D'S AR ON LE ST

Police Station

36 38 40

30 32 34

PH

Bank

H LEUC BUCC

FS

3

MEWS

42 44 46

63

7

PH

Playground

PCB

LB

51 53 55 57

Garage

LANE MEADOW

1

ET RE ST

12

FOLLY HAMILTONS

TCBs

49

PH

e Cottaghool Hope ry Sc Nurse 7

RE UA SQ

37

75.6m

TCBs

PH

1 2 3 4 5

5

ICK

31 to

E

8 to 11

PATR

27 29

32

AC H PL

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7

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55

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53

6

1 to

21

er me Tow

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Hu ersity) rgh Univ (Edinbu

35

TCBs

45

El Sub

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38

L HIL D'S AR ON LE

2

NEW JOHN'S PLACE

rag mec Ho use Ho

7 8 9

43 to

13 15

David

37

36

ST

SCAUSEWAY

6

RICK ST PAT STREET

7 9 11

49 47

9

76 to 84

74

56.7m sonry g Ma pin Slo

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90 92

88

EAST CROS

Post

Club

4

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10

60

48

CE AN AS PLE

24

PH

ST LEONARD'S

1

LB

12 to

REET EN ST HOWD

140

Guse Dub

56 58

52 54

50

195

0 19

2

134 to

77.7m

E OS CL

8 18

ST

2

4

132

PH

1 3 5

76.8m

124 to

2

40 42

EET ON STR NICOLS

34 to 38

28 30 32

WEST CROSSCAUSEWAY

LL WE HARD

ELL CLOSE HARDW

T COUR ON'S HADD

122

4

77.4m

(Edinburgh University)

114 to

QUARRY CLOSE

Posts

26 to 28

30

6

110 112

7

55

26

54.9m

186

28 to

EN HOWD

108

106

6

ET RE ST EL AP CH

58 to

2 to PH 8 William Robertson Building

Carnegie Court

ard's Hill St Leon

try En

6

16

14

RT 'S COU HADDON

102

5

12

59

Community Centre

29 to 39

44 to 52

40 to 43

9 to

30

61 63

to

4

rs ou Gilm

UARE N SQ

92 to 96

79.6m

to

4 ET RE ST EL AP CH

60

Windmill Place

El Sub Sta

1

59

11 15

65

9

3

ENTRY GIBBS

Mount

t Herio

Posts

CARNEGIE STREET

ET RE ST

UR MO GIL

178 to 184

SIMO

86 to 90

6

1

5

9 to

13

82 84

3

Community Centre

4

SM

69

6 2

ET

80

PCB

25

8

to 29

3 to

6

15

RE ST

Sports Centre

5

6

5 to

57 59

17 6

IE AV

Chy

Club

1 to

4

13

5

7

1

NE LA

D

Surgery

78

42

50

11

10

50.3m

7

4

76

38

T STREE RLES

2

to

Deaconess House

1 to 25 53 to 61

3

to 41

2

11

3

140

D ON HM RIC

to

36

PH

TCBs

12

8

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Level 0 Central Library E-space/Art Library Central Library main building Car park performance spaces for the Fringe Festival


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site plan of Central Library scale 1:500

view 2 Oblique aerial view centred on the libraries, taken from the W

view 1 Oblique aerial view centred on the libraries, taken from the ENE

The overlapping of the Cowgate and the George IV Bridge is visible on these images. It creates two different levels within the library where the main entrance is on the 4th level of the building.


09 Photographs of exterior

// view from castle // views from grassmorket, entrance of library and cowgate


10

// view from Goerge IV Bridge


11

photographs of interior

// Cowgate - entrance to Central Library


12

// Cowgate - entrance to the vaults/ car park


13 new magazine library vaults

structure and services - axonometrics

different library spaces public toilette staircases lift

mezzanine level 4

level 2

level 3a

level 1

level 1

level 0 cowgate entrance

level 3 george IV bridge entrance


14

lift staircase

art library

reference library

level 3a

boarding room children library

george IV bridge

music library

learning centre

lending library edinburgh room scottish library toiletts

level 3 level 2a level 2 level 1 level 0

cowgate

art library

reference library

children library music lib-

lending library

learning centre level 3

edinburgh

performance area fringe scottish performance area fringe toicar park

level 5 level 4 level 3a

boarding room george IV bridge

level 5 level 4

car park

level 2 level 1 level 0


13

Groundfloor - level 0 // Central Library and vaults under George IV Bridge - entrance Cowgate 1:500

Library rooms on this level //newspaper stack, book binding shop, common room, kitchen, store, delivery bay, book stack Vaults // carpark cafĂŠ (fringe) bar area (fringe) store (fringe)


14

Level 1 // Central Library and vaults under George IV Bridge 1:500

Library // bibliographic services, book selection, book stock, office, WC male/female

Vaults // performance area (fringe) changing (fringe) bar area (fringe) toilets (fringe)


15

level 2 - mezzanine // Central Library and vaults under George IV Bridge - entrance Cowgate 1:500

Library level 2 // scotish library, scottish library book store, store, office, rare books room mezzanine // edinburgh room, reading room, maps and prints, mezzanine floor, lending office, project office, edinburgh room annexe, conference room Vaults // performance area (fringe) void (fringe) store (fringe) lounge (fringe)


16

level 3 // Central Library George IV Bridge Main entrance 1:500

Library level 3 // main entrance goerge IV bridge, entrance hall, lending library, book stack

George IV Bridge


17

Elevation to north side of Cowgate

George IV Bridge

Scottish library with mezzanine floor


18

elevation to west side of George IV Bridge

Cowgate

Vaults during the fringe festival


19


20

Precendent examples of modernized buildings Rhode Island School of Design Library

Completion: 2006 Gross floor area: 5100sqm Design: Intervention Renaissance Hospital Trust Bank building from 1917 changed into a 21st-century visual-arts library by Nader Tehrani and Monica Ponce de Leon Architecture designed by York & Sawyer, the old building features an interior space 180 feet long and 114 feet wide and topped by an elaborately coffered, barrelvaulted ceiling


21


22

Amsterdam Public Library

Completion: 7 July 2007 new building Architect: Jo Coenen The Amsterdam Public Library is the central one of three large new buildings, near the Central Station. The programme consists of a library of almost 30,000 m2 (including theatre), a large cafĂŠ, and 9,000 m2 of office space. The reading and study rooms are like terraces and are placed around large and tall empty spaces. A terrace on the top floor accommodates the library theatre and conference rooms. The main shape of the building is attuned to receive enough sunlight. Design: different kind of sitting areas, on different hight and different privacy skills


23

MOOD IMAGES


24

Brief Central Libraries are beginning to be seen not as a temple of knowledge but as a ‘living room’ in the city offering comfort and entertainment. Taking the Central Library of Edinburgh and introducing a magazine section would give the old building a new ‘living room’. I discovered The Vaults, a hidden area under George IV Bridge and felt potential in the dark, hidden spaces to create a new journey for people to experience. Filling the vaults with old and new magazines will give a new life to the Cowgate. The deeper one goes into the space, the more the natural light disappears. Time becomes irrelevant; vintage magazines transport people into different eras. There will be a coffee shop to enjoy the magazines or books from the main library. As magazine culture changes, digital elements will be included as well. It will be a space to escape from the busy city, pass the time, and to emerge into a different world of the magazine.


25


26

Functional precedents of the brief Magazine Library Exhibition, Tokyo

We love Magazine Library, Tokyo Exhibitions since 2009 Magazine Library is the first moving exhibit/library of magazines and independent publications from over 50 countries. Each exhibit is a curated new discovery of magazines with genres of fashion, architecture, art, culture, lifestyle, photography, and more. Vintage magazines dating back to the 1920s are part of Magazine Library`s large collection. There have been over 35,000 visitors at Magazine Library`s first four showings.


27

Beginnings "The Gentleman's Magazine" was published in London in 1731 by a printer named Edward Cave. It was the first multipage-format publication bound not as a book, but as loose-leaf pages. 1700

First Magazine looked like a book

1731

Increased Magazine Sales Due to the decreased postage rates on magazines and increased literacy rapid magazine growth occurred Until the 1800s

1800

only the upper classes read magazines. They were small soft cover books, carrying stories that appealed to a classically-educated, elite readership. The poor folk read newspapers and weekly tabloids. Magazines were expensive, partly because printing technology limited even the most popular to a run of 100,000 copies.

1821

In 1883, the Scotland-born publisher S.S. McClure dropped the price of his generalinterest McClure‘s magazine to only 15 cents. Muckraking Mclure‘s magazine starts „muckraking“ in magazines that are read by the masses 1883

Saturday Evening Post The first successful magazine in the United states was the „Saturday Evening Post“

1910 International issues As World War I approached Magazines started featuring international issues


28

Historical informations

Time Magazine becomes the first weekly news magazine. 1922

Life magazine becomes the first picture magazine; launches photojournalism

1933

Esquire First major „glossy“ men‘s magazine. Featured pinups and impressive literary features.

1936

Change In News Magazines news magazines foucused on smaller news stories but gave more prospective on the subject

People Magazine This magazine was the most popular launches in history. 1945

1970

Magazine Look Change When magazines where first created they looked like books after WWII they changed to the modern form

2001

Digital facsimiles in PDF format are distributed by publishers

2002

2007/08

Digital-only “page-flip” magazines launched (Monkeymag, Jellyfish etc) Thousands of digital magazines are available through digital newstands


29

SCHEDULE OF ACCOMODATION


30

entrance

coffee shop magazine

vintage magazines


31


32

typography

I was looking for a connection between the 2 dimensional and the 3D. There are a lot of similarities in graphic design and architecture.



issue 02 brief