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FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM: MODELS STRUCTURE

1

ovary

2

oviduct (uterine or Fallopian tube)

HELPFUL INFO/ LOCATION

FUNCTION

secretes hormones, estrogen & progesterone; produces oocytes moves oocyte to uterus; where fertilization occurs finger-like projections that hold onto & massage ovaries

3

fimbriae

catches oocyte & sweeps it into fallopian tubes

4

uterus

5

endometrium

6

myometrium

7

vagina

8

vestibular bulbs

9

greater vestibular glands

10

urethra

11

ovarian ligament

X

12

fundus of uterus

X

13

uterine cavity

X

14

round ligament

X

15

broad ligament

X

16

cervix

X

protects, provides nutrition & removes waste from fetus inner lining of uterus thick muscular outer layer of uterus

where oocyte implants; is shedded during mestruation

muscular tube below clitoris & on L & R of urethra

passageway for menstrual fluids

inferior to vestibular bulb superior to vagina

moves fetus out of uterus & into vagina

fill with blood during sexual arousal & causes erection releases secretions during sexual arousal; keeps vagina moist tube that allows urine to flow from bladder to outside of body


17

cervical canal

X

18

external os (of cervical canal)

X

19

internal os (of cervical canal)

X

20

recto-uterine pouch

X

21

vaginal orifice

X

22

clitoris

X

23

labium minus

X

24

prepuce of clitoris

X

25

labium majus

X

26

mons pubis

X

27

urinary bladder

X

28

urogenital diaphragm

X

29

external urethral orifice (meatus)

X

30

pubic symphysis

X

31

sacrum, coccyx

X

32

rectum

X

33

anal canal

X

34

anus

X

35

external anal sphincter

X


20

7

33

30 35

10 28 21


32

13 18 8

4

17

19 16

27

21

32

29

30

33 23

25

28 35


5

5

27 19 17 13 16

2

10

3

12 29 12 1

22 9

26 24

8

34


20

4 15

15

14

11


MALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEMS: MODELS STRUCTURE

LOC. ON MODEL?

HELPFUL INFO

FUNCTION produce spermatozoa & secrete hormone, testosterone

36 testis



37 epididymis



38 scrotum



39 seminal vesicle



40 prostate gland



accessory gland

41 ejaculatory duct



short tube formed from union of seminal vesicle & vas deferens

42 vas (ductus) deferens



43 penis



44 corpus cavernosum



erectile tissue cylinders

fills with blood during an erection

45 corpus spongiosum



surrounds penile urethra

46 bulbourethral gland

X

prevents compression of urethra during erection produces thick mucus to neutralize pH in urethra before ejaculation

47 cremaster muscle

X

48 testicular arteries



male gonads coiled structure on side of testis loose fitting, fleshy pouch glands of male repro. tract

stores immobile sperm for maturation protects testes & keeps temp lower than rest of the body produces about 60% of semen volume contributes 1/3 of semen volume passes through prostate and deposits sperm into urethra directs & propels spermatozoa from epididymus to ejaculatory duct

duct or tube male external genitalia & copulatory organ ejects sperm into vagina

2 small glands

raises and lowers testes to regulate temperature X


49 pampiniform plexus



X

50 glans penis



X

51 prepuce



X

52 urethra



X

53 meatus)



X

54 urogenital diaphragm



X

55 urinary bladder



X

56 pubic symphysis



X

57 sacrum, coccyx



X

58 rectum



X

59 anus



X

60 anal canal



X

61 external anal sphincter



X

external urethral orifice (or


42

57

48

49

43 55 37

36

50

58 38 60

51

53 61

59


55 56

52 41 44

45

54 37

53


42

39

40

49

41

54

37

BONUS?: Seminiferous tubules

36

37


ENDOCRINE SYSTEM: MODELS STRUCTURE

62

pituitary gland/ hypophysis

HELPFUL INFO/ LOCATION large human model; conn to hypothalamus via infundibulum

63

thyroid gland

64

pancreas

large human model, larynx large human model, duodenum

65

adrenal gland [of kidney]

large human model, duodenum; above each kidney

66

parathyroid gland

67

hypothalamus

68

pineal gland

69

70

heart

liver

FUNCTION

stimulates smooth muscle contractions regulates metabolism increases blood sugar levels secondary sexual characteristics

HORMONE & ITS EFFECT ON ORGAN FSH; releases oocytes every 28 days thyroid hormones; increase metabolism insulin; lowers blood sugar levels aldosterone; incr Na reabsorption by kidneys

larynx

increases blood calcium levels

below massa intermedia

secretes regulatory hormones

PTH; incr blood Ca levels GNRH; regulates secretion of FSH or LH

coordinates sleep cycles

melatonin

increases cardiac activity

NE & E (secreted by adrenal medulla of kidney)

stores glycogen

breakdown of glycogen stimulated by glucagon that is prod in pancreas

3rd ventricle of brain adrenal medulla


63 65

64

67 68

62


67

68 62

63

66


65

70

65

69

64


repro & endo