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IDP Report

Meglena Dimitrova ID 02024211 Studio 5: Work, Rest & Play


Table of Contents

Introduction 5 Cultural context 8 Existing conditions 16 New program 24 Professional context 30 Environment , sustainable design, structure and materials

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Introduction

Meglena Dimitrova has been asked to design a private business club for Jo Malone, a British fragrance brand well known for its iconic fragrances and luxury products. To look at its specific brand characteristics, ethos and philosophy and design a space for its employees, business partners and clients that offers unique facilities and environment for them to work, rest and play. The site chosen for this project is located in City of Westminster borough of London.

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Map of London

London Boroughs

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1. City of London 2. City of Westminster 3. Kensington and Chelsea 4. Hammersmith and Fulham 5. Wandsworth 6. Lambeth 7. Southwark 8. Tower Hamlets 9. Hackney 10. Islington 11.Camden

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Westminster 2 3

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City of Westminster

West Kilburn

St John’s Wood

Maida Vale

Little Venive

The City of Westminster is a London borough occupying much of the central area of London, including most of the West End. It is located to the west of and adjoining the ancient City of London, directly to the east of the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea, and its southern boundary is the River Thames. It is an Inner London borough and was created in 1965 when Greater London was established. At its creation Westminster was awarded city status, which had been previously held by the smaller Metropolitan Borough of Westminster.

Regents Park

Lisson Grove Fitzrovia

Marylebone Westbourne Grove

Paddington

Bayswater

Lancaster Gate Hyde Park

Knightsbridge

West Mayfair

Covent Garden

Soho

End

Charing Cross

Piccadilly Whitehall St. James’s Victoria

Westminster

Belgravia Pimlico

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City Context - London W1

The City of Westminster is a London borough occupying much of the central area of London, including most of the West End. It is located to the west of and adjoining the ancient City of London, directly to the east of the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea, and its southern boundary is the River Thames. It is an Inner London borough and was created in 1965 when Greater London was established. At its creation Westminster was awarded city status, which had been previously held by the smaller Metropolitan Borough of Westminster.

Marylebone Marylebone is one of the areas within City of Westminster. The name Marylebone was derived from the church called St Mary’s which happened to be on the edge of a small stream called the Tybourne. The church is still there today but is now called the St Marylebone Parish Church. Most of Marylebone is residential with a very multi-cultural feel. Marylebone is renowned for having a large Arab community, although there remains a large mix making the region cosmopolitan and up and coming. A large part of the area directly to the west was constructed by the Portman family and is known as the Portman Estate. Modern Marylebone forms an integral part of London’s West End with an invigorating mix of business, residential, educational, cultural and historical interests. Marylebone boasts many busy and important High Street shopping and entertainment centres; including Marylebone High Street (Marylebone Village), Marylebone Lane, St Christopher’s Place, Oxford Street and Baker Street.

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Baker Street

The site is located at 105 Baker Street. The street is a part of Portmant estate . Baker Street owes its name to builder William Baker, who laid the street out in the 18th century. The street is most famous for its connection to the fictional detective Sherlock Holmes, who lived at a fictional 221B Baker Street address. The area was originally high class residential, but now is mainly occupied by commercial.

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Transport Links

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Marylebone is in an area of London that can be roughly defined as bounded by Oxford Street to the south, Marylebone Road to the north, Edgware Road to the west and Great Portland Street to the east; it is located to the south and west of Regent’s Park, north of Mayfair, west of Fitzrovia and east of Bayswater.

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Site description

l y r e M Local Area Map

e n o b e Scale 1:1250

The site is located at 105 Baker street and 2 York Street in the Portman Estate Conservation Area. The building comprises of two interconnected properties. The existing property is part of an existing row of Georgian terraced properties all of which have ground floor retail units. This group of buildings (1 05-115 (odd) Baker Street and 2 & 20-54a {even) York Street) are considered to make a positive contribution to the character and appearance of this conservation area. The Portman Estate Conservation Area Audit identifies the existing properties as Grade II Listed Buildings. Grade II listed buildings are of special interest with a distinctive quality worthy of preservation and enhancement. ‘This may be due to their townscape or group value, their contribution to the overall character of the area, their inherent architectural qualities...these properties are of particular value to the character and appearance of the conservation area.’ (Section 3.45, Portman Estate Conservation Area Audit, Supplementary Planning Guidance). 11


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Portman Estate Conservation Area


The Portman Estate originally comprised about 270 acres. It extended from the present day Oxford Street northwards to approximately the course of the Regent’s Canal and, from Edgware Road, eastwards to the western boundary of Regent’s Park. The land lying south of the east-west line of Bryanston Place, Montagu Place and Dorset Street remains largely under the ownership of the Portman Family today. Today the Portman Estate retains much of its late eighteenth century residential character. Substantial parts of the original grid layout of streets and squares and the Georgian terraces lining them have survived, with Manchester Square to the east containing some of the oldest houses in the area. Towards the end of the 19th century and early 20th century a grander scale was introduced to parts of the conservation area, with development of mansion blocks and civic buildings focusing onMarylebone Road. Large scale commercial development since the First World War, has been concentrated along the principal routes of Oxford Street, Baker Street and around Portman Square, where only three of the original grand houses survive on the north side. The conservation area was designated in 1967 and extended in 1979 and 1990.

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Site description

SPORTSDIRECT.COM

East Elevation - from Baker Street

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N

The side is located at 105 Baker Street. It comprises of two Georgian terraced houses already interconnected and forming one property.

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Back entrance

Main Entrance

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Existing floor plans at 1:200

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Firsth floor plan

Basement floor plan Scale 1:200

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Ground floor plan

Third floor plan

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Scale 1:200

First floor plan Fourth floor plan

Forth floor

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Retail space

Stair case and lift

Bathrooms and WC

Stock rooms

Office space Staircase not to be removed Ceiling heights in mm Staircases conecting diferent levels. Could be modified and redesigned Y Y

EXISTING STAIRWELL

Fourth floor

2508

2627

2614

EXISTING STAIRWELL

2600

Second floor

3901

First floor

3383

2687

2762

2497

Third floor

2760

2760

Ground floor

1550

2030

2538

Added staircase 2642

2822

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Blocked staircase

Basement

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Section AA at sacale 1:200 looking north SECTION A-A showing the vertica comection between the floors

Section AA

Scale 1:200 SECTION A-A

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The architectural/historic features that are important elements of this specific property are the main internal structural walls and beams, the roof structure and the existing, original staircase. They will remain as they are. 1

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Listed Building Details The properties at 105 -115 (odd) Baker Street and 2 & 20 – 54a (even) York Street are Grade II listed. The Listed Building Description for 105 – 115 (odd) Baker Street is as below: English Heritage ID: 208576 Westminster Reference: 43/7 Property: 105 10 115 (odd) Street: Baker Street Grade: II TQ 2881 NWCITY OF WESTMINSTER BAKER STREET, W143/724.6.839.1.70 (No 109) Nos. 105 to 115 (odd).24.6.83 Description: TQ 2881 NWCITY OF WESTMINSTER BAKER STREET, W143/724.6.839.1.70 (No 109) Nos. 105 to 115 (odd).24.6.83 II GV Terrace of town houses with some later shop fronts inserted c.1789 Portman Estate development; Nos. 105 and 111 facades rebuild in facsimile. Yellow stock brick with Coade stone dressings; slate roofs. Symmetrical, finely proportioned terrace with Nos. 105 and 115 as slightly advanced terminal pavilions. 4 storey, including attic storey, and dormered mansards to Nos. 105, 111 and 113. Each front 3 windows wide except for 4-window front of No. 111. Nos. 107, 109 and 115 retain original entrances with paneled doors, half columns and delicately patterned fanlights, recessed in semicircular arched openings with Coade, vermiculated quoins, guilloche imposts, vermiculated spaced voussoirs and mask keystones. Upper floors have recessed glazing bar sashes, under flat gauged arches on 2nd and 3rd floors, those on 1st floor semicircular arched and recessed for one order with linking impost string and sill band creating arcade effect. Anthemion ornamented band course over 2nd floor; crowning mutule cornice and blocking course. No. 109 has delicate cast iron balcony to 1st floor. The terrace balances Nos. 94 to 114 and 118 to 124 (even) q.v., opposite.

The Listed Building Description for 2 York Street W1 is as below:English Heritage ID: 207707 Westminster Reference: 43/13 Property: No.2 Street: York Street Grade: II Description: TQ 2781 NE CITY OF WESTMINSTER YORK STREET, W1 43/13 3.3.73 No. 2 G.V.II Terrace House. Facsimile rebuild of c. 1790-1800 Portman Estate terrace house. Stock brick with channeled stuccoed ground floor, state roof. 4 storeys and dormered mansard on basement, 2 and 3 window wide front. Semicircular early C.19 pattern metal balcony on 1st floor. Stucco cornice and blocking course. Included for group value only.

1. The roofs of Georgian houses are of constructional type common throughout the Georgian period. They are mostly of low double pitch to prevent it from being seen from ground-level and disturbing the symmetry of the house. The roof on 105 Baker street is slated, mansard roof. 2. The facade is in two skins with a facing skin of good bricks randomly bonded into a load-bearing skin of cheaper place bricks. The stock bricks are yellow with coad stone dressings around the windows and forming the quoins. The window arches are constructed of finely cut and rubbed red bricks. 3.

Sash windows – constructed from wood

4. Stucco stone – the ground floor is partially tiled with stucco stone and partially with lacquered timber .

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Materials and structure

Wooden beams

Original staircase

Timber floor

Brick columns

Back view

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Photographs showing the existing interior of the building – basement and ground floor

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Photographs showing the main staircase and stairs connecting the lower floors to the higher level floors.

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Sketch model at scale 1:100

1.

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1. East view; 2. Front view; 3. Back view; 4. Ground and first floor; 5. Closer back view

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Proposed program – Jo Malone business club

1.Existing use: The existing property is a six storey building including a basement and an additional floor within the mansard roof. The propery includes an existing A1 Class use commercial unit at basement and ground floor level and B1 use offices to the upper floors. Neighbouring buildings include a similar mix of retail and commercial uses balanced with ressidential aspects.

2.

New use :

- Ktchen/store rooms - Lounge area - Restaurant - Office/meeting/board roam - Accommodation facilities

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Overview of main spaces:

Lounge area

Meeting/Conference

Kitchen/storage space

Accomodation Restaurant

Professional context – Funding The British fragrance brand – Jo Malone has decided to provide a space for its employees, business partners and clients that offers unique facilities and environment for them to work, rest and play.

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Spatial organisation Plans at scale 1: 200

First floor

Restaurant Lounge area

Reception area

WC disable access

Waiting area

Prep area

WC Female

cloakroom room Reception

Ground floor Scale 1:200

WC Staff Store rooms

Kitchen

Basement floor

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Scale 1:200


Accommodation

EXISTING SKYLIGHT

Studio from 5 to 7

ACCESS TO ROOF (EXISTING)

EXISTING SKYLIGHT

7 5

6

Fourth floor

Accommodation Studio from 1 to 4

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2

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Third floor

Board room Office Library

WC Male Second floor

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Structure - existing 1.Roof structure: Exterior – slate roof tiles

2. Shell structure: Existing shell is made from bricks

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3. Building structure: The existing structure consisting of brick columns and timber beams

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3

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Demolishing old stud partition walls and creating new ones

Relocating the stairs and creating a new opening

Demolishing old stud partition walls and creating new ones

Fourth floor

Relocating the stairs and creating a new opening Third floor

Relocating the stairs

Creating opening for access to the lift and stairs and the rest of the building Second floor

Blocking the stairs and creating new floor

Existing staircase and lift shaft Creating opening to connect basement with the rest of the floors

First floor

Blocked stairs Basement floor – removing staircase for creating more space for the kitchen area

Ground floor

Basement floor

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Professional Context Development phases Redesigning retail units and office space into a private business club comprising of kitchen, lounge and restaurant area (A1 use); offices and a board room ( B1 use; accommodation facilities – 7 studios. There is an existing level difference between the two building that are interconnected and this is well considered and incorporated within the design of the proposed layouts.

DESIGN FASE ONE: The first stage in this redevelopment is to create a new opening on the basement floor and remove an existing staircase to change the circulation and to adapt the building according to the design.

DESIGN FASE TWO: The next step is to create an opening on the ground floor which will change the circulation and will connect the front of the building to the rest of the floors. Also, according to the design there will be a micro lift installed to connect the kitchen to the lounge area and the restaurant. In addition, a WC for disabled people will be placed on this floor.

Scale 1:200

Plans at scale 1:200 Scale 1:200

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DESIGN FASE THREE: Next step is to redesign the first floor where the restaurant will be located. There will be a bigger door opening created which will form the entry to the restaurant. Also, the steps that connect the lower floor level to the higher floor level will be redesigned and relocated.

DESIGN FASE FOUR: One the second floor new stud partition walls will be created which will form the offices and the meeting space. Furthermore, a new stairs will be designed to connect the lower floor level to the higher floor level. Therefore, a new floor opening will be created.

Plans at scale 1:200

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DESIGN FASE FIVE: The third floor of this building will be converted to 4 studio apartments which was the client’s request. Therefore, new stud partition walls will be created and the stairs that connect the lower floor to the higher floor will be redesigned and relocated.

DESIGN FASE SIX: The fourth floor of this building will also be converted to 3 studio apartments. Therefore, new stud partition walls will be created and the stairs that connect the lower floor to the higher floor will be redesigned and relocated. The fire exit is on this floor.

EXISTING SKYLIGHT

ACCESS TO ROOF (EXISTING)

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EXISTING SKYLIGHT


Building regulationsh Part B Fire safty Escape Lighting Open plan areas in non residential of more than 6 m2 require escape lighting Walls: All structural walls, interior and exterior are fire resistant, they are made from brick. New walls have a cavity in which a fire resistant insulation is added. Unlikely for the structure to collapse. Staircase: All escape routes have clear headroom of minimum 2m. Going and riser meet the requirements of Part K. The widths of the new staircases that connect lower floor levels to the higher floor levels are well above the minimum stair width, and can accommodate a large number of people in case of fire. The existing staircase is in a protected and enclosed stair well. Steel staircases can be treated with a fire resistant coating to prevent them from buckling and collapsing immediately. Floors: The existing floor construction is made solely from timber, which is a low conductor of heat. The timber can be upgraded by adding a fire resistant insulation in between the joists. According to the design on the ground and first floor there will be a marble floors installed. Active Fire Protection throughout the building: - Smoke detection - Fire alarms - Sprinkler system

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Part B Fire safty Scale 1:200

First floor – one protected stairway and one lift

Ground floor – 2 exits, one onto York Street and one onto Baker Street

Basement floor – 2 exits into York Street Scale 1:200

Scale 1:200

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Fourth floor – one protected stairway, one lift, one fire exit

EXISTING SKYLIGHT

ACCESS TO ROOF (EXISTING)

EXISTING SKYLIGHT

Thirdh floor – one protected stairway and one lift

Second floor – one protected stairway and one lift

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Access and Use of Buildings – Part M There are 2 entrances on the ground floor with a direct access to the lift which will enable visitors with disabilities to reach all the floors of the building. On the ground floor is situated a WC for people with disabilities.

WC for disabled visitors

Lift

Entrance Entrance

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Toilets for staff are situated on the basement floor. There are toilets and sanitary facilities situated on each floor of the building for visitors: Ground – for disabled access First – WC women Second floor – WC men

Each apartment has a bathroom

Each apartment has a bathroom

WC men

WC women

WC for people with disabilities

Staff toilet Manhole

The old plumbing system is to be used and on the third and fourth floor a new pluming to be installed.

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Environment – Ventilation – Part F

The original sash windows with single glazing on the third and the fourth floor will be replaced as double glassing sash windows

The ground and the first floor will be the problematic space to heat up as both floor are open plan space and both have high ceilings and sash windows from floor to ceiling.

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The proposal will provide whole house ventilation/heat recovery system to provide additional natural ventilation throughout each unit. Each studio/office/board room will consist of a unit lactated within the studio (mechanical ventilation heat recovery) which sell be located internally (within a cupboard ) whereby ventilation ducting will be distributed within a suspended ceiling void to provide a natural ventilation, as necessary . Additional airbricks will be installed

NEW TERRACOTTA AIRBRICKS, NEW TERRACOTTA AIRBRICKS, 215 x 215 x 50mm (To Match Existing)

BRICK

ROOF SLATES

BRICK

215 x 215 x 50mm (To Match Existing) BRICK

ROOF SLATES

ROOF SLATES

ROOF SLATES

ROOF SLATES RENDER ROOF SLATES

RENDER

BRICK

BRICK

EXISTING AIR VENTILATION GRILLS TO BE REMOVED & RELOCATED, BRICKWORK INFILL TO MATCH EXISTING

RENDER

SOUTH ELEVATION - FROM YORK STREET

Scale 1:200

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Sustainable and Biodiversity Elements The proposal includes a number of sustainability features. Natural daylight is provided in every activity area which will reduces daytime energy needs considerably Thermal and acoustic dry lining to all existing perimeter masonry walls to be specified and installed accordingly to improve the existing building thermal U-values. Water saving system such as the installation of low flush toilets, taps and showers with water saving devices will make efficient water usage within the development. The installation of energy-efficient boiler and heating systems will contribute to overall goal of reducing energy demands.

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Summary The proposed design and layouts will provide the client with the despaired space without impacting the adjoining neighbours. Furthermore, it clearly demonstrates the following in respect to alterations to listed buildings: - - -

There is no loss of important historic fabric; The overall effect of the proposal is no detrimental to the architectural or historic integrity or detailing of the building The existing features/detailing of the building will be preserved

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Structure- Removing bricks and creating new opening 1:20 Detail through new door opening in existing load bearing wall.

Scale 1:200

Ground floor

Scale 1:200

Detail 1

By creating an opening in the wall dividing the building on the ground floor new circulation will be created and an easy access to the lifts and stairs will be provides.

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Detai 1 at scale 1:10 1. 2. 3. 4.

1

Brick wall Triple concrete lintels Timber frame Timber frame

2 3

4

43


Structure – Creating new spaces; Inserting stud walls; Floor finishes 1:20 Detail through new stud wall inserted

13 8

Second floor

1

Scale 1:200

5

3

7

11

4

Detail 3 Detail 2 6 2

44

9

According to the design there will be office space, board room and studios in the building, therefore some stud walls with soundproofing needs to be installed where needed.


11

7

Detail 2 at scale 1:10 6

1. Head plate 2. Sole plate 3. Door head 4. Nagging 5. Cornice 6. Scurting Board 7. Plaster board 8. Timber joist 9. Timber floorboards 10. Screw 11. Absorbing material 12. Vertical stud 13. Timber beam

2

10

9 8

13

Detail 3 at scale 1:10 14. 6 mm playwood 15. Carpet underpat 16. Carpet 16

15

9

14 13

8

45


New stud wall Plan at scale 1:20

12

46

7


New stud wall Elevation at scale 1:20

8

1

10

4

3

12

47


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References:

Online documents: Building regulations editions 2004 Part M Part B Part F Part K Part E

Bibliography: Ashcroft, R. (1992). Construction for interior designers. Harlow: Addison Wesley Longman. Francis D.K, C. C. (2005). Interior Design Illustrated. Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons. Plunett, D. (2010). Construction and detailing for interior design. London: Laurence King Publishing.

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Report  

Major Project - Report