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RE[fabricated]

Philadelphia University C_ABE Addition Laura Royer / Megan Henry / Mike Scioli

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RE[fabricated]

Philadelphia University C_ABE Laura Royer / Megan Henry / Mike Scioli Edgar Stach / Matt Naugle / Design 9 / Fall 2012

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[table of contents]

Thesis_8 Analysis_12 Program_32 Diagrams_38 Representation_44 Structure_57 Model_73 Renderings_84

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[thesis]

The goal of the new facility is to foster cross-pollination and unification of all majors, levels, and program aspects; creating a comprehensive building for all C_ABE programs.

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RENDERINGS MODEL REPRESENTATION STRUCTURE DIAGRAMS PROGRAM ANALYSIS THESIS

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Philadelphia University would benefit greatly from the addition of a new architecture building as the program is increasingly growing. Within the past 5 years, the program has acquired the SEED center for the graduate program and added a construction management major to the School of Architecture. Although these additions have increased enrollment and awareness of the program, it has also caused conflicts with the National Architecture Accreditation Board requirements in terms of facilities. Facilities within the school of architecture are located at various points throughout campus instead of having a central hub. A majority of these buildings also are subject to poor quality lighting, lack of space, scheduling conflicts, and lack of ADA compliance. The site placement and program of the new facility are key components in meeting such standards and unifying the School of Architecture on campus. The goal of the new facility is to foster cross-pollination and unification of all majors, levels, and program aspects, creating a comprehensive building of all C_ABE programs. This can be achieved by providing adequate program spaces such as studios, classrooms, computer labs, and pin-up spaces in proportion to the student body of each major. The cross pollination of information from all the disciplines would help progress the individual projects and would allow the students to become more aware of each programs skill sets. Understanding one another’s major and the importance of each program, as well as how they can contribute to an overall project in reality is extremely important. Site placement can be determined by analyzing the current campus and understanding how students currently use the space. In turn, the architecture will be a reflection of the analysis, understanding, and implementation of the student body and their needs within the School of Architecture.


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[analysis]

Gathering information to influence project development and site placement

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12 Philadelphia University Campus Map

THESIS

ANALYSIS

PROGRAM

DIAGRAMS

REPRESENTATION STRUCTURE

MODEL

RENDERINGS


Philadelphia Zoning Map

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RENDERINGS MODEL REPRESENTATION STRUCTURE DIAGRAMS PROGRAM ANALYSIS THESIS

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C_ABE History at Philadelphia University

Philadelphia University started its design program back in 1980, with the start of Interior Design. Throughout the years Philadelphia University expanded its design program to include a Bachelor of Architecture in 1991, Landscape Architecture in 2005, Sustainable Design in 2007, and finally Construction Management in 2009. In 2011 the school changed its name from School of Architecture, to the College of Architecture and the Built Environment.


The College of Architecture and the Built Environment is one of the larger schools at Philadelphia University. It has currently added classes to the construction management and graduate programs, increasing enrollment in C_ABE.

Philadelphia University Program Growth Analysis

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16 C_ABE Gender Analysis Per Program

THESIS

ANALYSIS

PROGRAM

DIAGRAMS

REPRESENTATION STRUCTURE

MODEL

RENDERINGS


8am

12pm

6pm

Circulation Around Campus Analysis

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18 Gathering Spaces Around Campus Analysis

THESIS

ANALYSIS

PROGRAM

DIAGRAMS

REPRESENTATION STRUCTURE

MODEL

RENDERINGS


Kanbar Campus Center

Quad

Ronson

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RENDERINGS MODEL

The solution we propose is to take the population of these existing design buildings, and put them under a single roof, where the cross pollenation of designs could occur. As a result the existing design buildings will be converted into classrooms or offices, with the exception of Ravenhill, where first year students would remain due to its close relationship to their dorms.

THESIS

ANALYSIS

PROGRAM

DIAGRAMS

REPRESENTATION STRUCTURE

Currently at Philadelphia University, the College of Architecture and the Built Environment is spread throughout the campus. With the lack of a single location for the college, NAAB has required the University to come up with a solution.

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C_ABE Facility Locations


SEED

Smith House

A&D

Ravenhill

Existing Architecture Facilities

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22 Walking Distances between C_ABE Facilities

THESIS

ANALYSIS

PROGRAM

DIAGRAMS

REPRESENTATION STRUCTURE

MODEL

RENDERINGS


Architecture/Interior Design

Construction Management

Landscape Architecture

The condensing of buildings would allow for majors outside of C_ABE at Philadelphia University to grow, or even allow the introduction of new majors to the university. Philadelphia University prides itself on its Nexus Learning, which is founded on the principles of hands on and collaborative learning experiences. By establishing a central location for all majors, collaboration between the programs would be easily achieved. C_ABE Facility Usage per Major

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24 Data Collection Points

THESIS

ANALYSIS

PROGRAM

DIAGRAMS

REPRESENTATION STRUCTURE

MODEL

RENDERINGS


8am

12pm

6pm

Sound Data

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RENDERINGS MODEL REPRESENTATION STRUCTURE THESIS

ANALYSIS

PROGRAM

DIAGRAMS

Current Interior Lighting Levels for C_ABE Facilities

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Exterior Lighting Levels

Lighting Data

With the use of electronic devices we were able to determine that most of the current buildings on campus lack the interior lighting levels that are recommended for use in studio classrooms. The increase of lighting is necessary in order to promote efficient work spaces. Increasing light levels would also allow for better presentations, and a safer working environment.


Avg. Cloudy, Sunny, Partly Cloud Days in Philadelphia

Sun Path Diagram for Philadelphia

Climate Data

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RENDERINGS MODEL REPRESENTATION STRUCTURE

Avg. Temperature on Campus

THESIS

ANALYSIS

PROGRAM

DIAGRAMS

Avg. CO2 Levels on Campus

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Avg. Monthly Temperature

Climate Data

Due to Philadelphia’s location in the North East, it was important to design a building that could adapt to the seasons throughout the year. The summers in Philadelphia are hot and humid, with the winters being dry and cold.


Average Wind Speeds per Season

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[program]

Programmatic development was extremely important in designing an effective and collaborative space for all C_ABE programs.

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THESIS

ANALYSIS

PROGRAM

DIAGRAMS

REPRESENTATION STRUCTURE

MODEL

RENDERINGS Smith House

Ravenhill Studios

Existing Program Spaces

SEED

Weber


Studio Space

Classroom Space

Existing Building

Office Space

Fire Stair

Proposed Program Spaces

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RENDERINGS MODEL REPRESENTATION STRUCTURE DIAGRAMS PROGRAM ANALYSIS THESIS

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Category Program Amount SF Total SF Location Notes 1.00 Studio 24800 First Year Hot Desk Studio EXIST EXIST EXIST Ravenhill 1.01 Second Year A 7 800 5600 Flexible First Floor 3355 SF 1.02 Second Year I 3 800 2400 Flexible Second Floor 11050 SF 1.03 Second Year LA 1 800 800 Flexible Third Floor 4095 SF 1.04 Third Year A 6 800 4800 Flexible Fourth Floor 5435 SF 1.05 Third Year I 3 800 2400 Flexible 1.06 Third Year LA 1 800 800 Flexible 1.07 Fourth Year A 3 800 2400 Flexible 1.08 Fourth Year I 2 800 1600 Flexible 1.09 Fourth Year LA 1 800 800 Flexible 1.10 Fifth Year 4 800 3200 Flexible 2.00 Classrooms 3786 2.01 Computer Lab (Teaching) 1 600 First Floor 2.02 Computer Lab (Studio) 1 1186 Second Floor 2.03 Classrooms 2 550 1100 First Floor 2.04 Construction Lab 1 575 Basement 2.05 Lecture Hall EXIST EXIST EXIST Tuttleman/Library 2.06 Plotter Room 1 325 First Floor 3.00 General 5070 3.01 Materials Library 1 525 Basement 3.02 Archives 1 1000 Basement 3.04 Photo Lab 1 145 Basement 3.05 Model Shop 1 1675 Basement *Including Mechanical Space 3.06 Digital Fab 1 1725 Basement 4.00 Offices 3705 4.01 Conference Room/Pin Up 1 930 First Floor 4.02 Dean’s Office 1 300 First Floor 4.03 Secretary 5 50 250 First Floor 4.04 Full Time Faculty 1 1125 First Floor 4.05 Adjunct Faculty EXIST EXIST EXIST Smith House 4.06 Program Directors 4 200 800 First Floor 4.07 Associate Dean 1 200 First Floor 4.08 Program Operations 1 100 First Floor 5.00 Circulation 14945 5.01 Lounge Area 660 Fourth Floor, Fifth Floor Basement 2315 5.02 Circulation 10620 All First Floor 3055 5.03 Fire Stair 2575 All Second Floor 2730 5.04 Gallery 620 First Floor Third Floor 830 5.05 Entry 470 Fourth Fllor 1690 6.00 Mechanical 2805 6.01 Mechanical/Janitoral Spaces VARIOUS 1190 Basement, First Floor *Run within walls and/or floor 6.02 Rest Rooms 1615 First, Second, Fifth Total 55111 Basement 9150 Total w/ Void Spaces 61150 First Floor 16560 Second Floor 16890 Third Floor 9050 Fourth Floor 9500

Program Breakdown


Addition SF Basement First Second Third Fourth

8,744 9,989 10,060 8,610 10,816 48,219

Volume of Addition Floor Basement First Second Third Fourth

SF 8,744 9,989 10,060 8,610 10,816

Ceiling Height 11.00 9.50 9.50 9.50 11.00

Programmatic Breakdown (Addition + A&D) Basement Studio Classroom/Comp. Lab Offices/Conf. Rm. Service 1,438 Circulation 2,239 Fabrication labs 4,652 Gallery Outdoor Space

Use Group Studio Classroom/Computer Lab Offices Service Circulation Fabrication Labs Gallery CafĂŠ A&D Renovation

Area (SF) 24,971 2,419 5,426 4,156 14,860 4,652 1,086 100 14,738

First 4,262 652 4,471 1,559 3,140

volume 96,184 94,896 95,570 81,795 118,976 487,421

Second 9,557 583 955 328 7,015

Third 4,967 1,184

Fourth 6,185

569 2,466

262

1,193

1,935

2,259

1,086

Unit Price 150 150 150 110 150 234 150 200 100

Total 24,971 2,419 5,426 4,156 14,860 4,652 1,086 5,387 62,957

Total Price 3,745,650 362,850 813,900 457,160 2,229,000 1,088,568 162,900 20,000 1,473,800 $10,353,828

Cost Analysis

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[diagrams]

Through a series of diagrams we were able to further define our parti.

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RENDERINGS MODEL REPRESENTATION STRUCTURE THESIS

ANALYSIS

PROGRAM

DIAGRAMS

Spaces in our design were created off the grid of the current building, Architecture and Design Center, that we were adding on to. The rectangular modules were pushed and pulled in order to create circulation, a four story atrium, and to create an entry way. The moves are based off of ten foot increments.

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Void_Atrium

Architectural Moves Diagram


Circulation Diagram

Emergency Egress Diagram

Structural Diagram

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Solar Study

RENDERINGS THESIS

ANALYSIS

PROGRAM

DIAGRAMS

REPRESENTATION STRUCTURE

MODEL

With the use of solar studies we were able to determine facades that would require overhangs to shade floors below, as well as which exterior facades would require a screening system. The full height atrium allowed for the installation of operable windows in each module. The operable windows allowed our building to be naturally ventilated, through the use of cross ventilation. Another element we included in our design was radiant floor heating to allow for optimum efficiency and comfort within the modules.

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Ventilation/Heating

Environmental Analysis


Environmental Analysis

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[representation]

Creating views internally between the programmatic spaces was crucial in supporting our thesis. Our atrium, as well as our circulation paths supported cross pollination of C_ABE programs.

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44 Basement Floor Plan

THESIS

ANALYSIS

PROGRAM

DIAGRAMS

REPRESENTATION STRUCTURE

MODEL

RENDERINGS


First Floor Plan

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46 Second Floor Plan

THESIS

ANALYSIS

PROGRAM

DIAGRAMS

REPRESENTATION STRUCTURE

MODEL

RENDERINGS


Third Floor Plan

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48 Fourth Floor Plan

THESIS

ANALYSIS

PROGRAM

DIAGRAMS

REPRESENTATION STRUCTURE

MODEL

RENDERINGS


Roof Plan

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THESIS

ANALYSIS

PROGRAM

DIAGRAMS

East Facade

West Facade

REPRESENTATION STRUCTURE

MODEL

RENDERINGS


South Facade

North Facade

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52 Perspective Section Through Circulation

THESIS

ANALYSIS

PROGRAM

DIAGRAMS

REPRESENTATION STRUCTURE

MODEL

RENDERINGS


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54 Perspective Section Through Modules_Atrium

THESIS

ANALYSIS

PROGRAM

DIAGRAMS

REPRESENTATION STRUCTURE

MODEL

RENDERINGS


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[structure]

Structural development was crucial in our project as we were designing a pre-fabricated module system that connects to an exisiting building on campus.

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58 East/West Section

THESIS

ANALYSIS

PROGRAM

DIAGRAMS

REPRESENTATION STRUCTURE

MODEL

RENDERINGS


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60 North/South Section

THESIS

ANALYSIS

PROGRAM

DIAGRAMS

REPRESENTATION STRUCTURE

MODEL

RENDERINGS


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THESIS

ANALYSIS

PROGRAM

Typical Glazing Detail Typical Ground Railing Detail

DIAGRAMS

REPRESENTATION STRUCTURE

MODEL

RENDERINGS


Typical Cantilever_Roof Detail

Exterior Wall Details

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THESIS

ANALYSIS

PROGRAM

DIAGRAMS

Connection to A&D at Third Floor

Connection to A&D Details

REPRESENTATION STRUCTURE

MODEL

RENDERINGS


Detail of Mechanical Systems

Floor Connection to A&D

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66 Modular Structure

THESIS

ANALYSIS

PROGRAM

DIAGRAMS

REPRESENTATION STRUCTURE

MODEL

RENDERINGS


2”x6” Light-gauge Aluminum Ceiling Joists at 24” o.c.

Alpro Acoustic Baffle Ceiling System

Hollow Steel Structural Tube Module Frame

L-Shape Bracket Support System for Glazing

2”x8” Storefront Glazing System

6” Poured Concrete Floor w/ 2” Steel Decking and Radiant Floor Heating 2”x6” Light-gauge Aluminum Floor Joists at 24” o.c.

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THESIS

ANALYSIS

PROGRAM

DIAGRAMS

REPRESENTATION STRUCTURE Grasshopper Definition

Screen Night/Day

Perforated Metal Screen

MODEL

RENDERINGS


Screen Development A

Screen Development B

Final Screen

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RENDERINGS MODEL REPRESENTATION STRUCTURE DIAGRAMS THESIS

ANALYSIS

PROGRAM

Cooper Union Rem Koolhaas/OMA

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Airspace Thom Faulders

Precedent Study

New Museum of Contemporary Art SANAA


The screen designed for the new C_ABE addition was custom designed based off of internal and external factors. Two attractor points were defined in order to create a gradiant between the holes as they progressed between the defined zones. Zone 1 was the upper zone which we wanted open to allow light to reach deep into the programatic spaces. Zone 2 would be the smallest holes to block as much light as possible from directly hitting the users. Zone 3 was open to help light the floor. The zones and attactor points would shift depending on the orientation of the buiding. For example, the southern screen would consist of a lot of tiny holes. Zones 1 and 3 would get increasingly smaller, while zone 2 would grow to have more small holes. This allows the screen to remain highly efficient from all sides of the building, helping to reduce heat gain within the programmatic spaces. The screen is manufacutred out of aluminum and will be painted white to again help reduce heat gain. The panels will arrive in 10’x10’ sections to coordinate with our module construction.

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[models]

Through the craft of three dimensional structures we were able to explore and critique our design

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74 Structural Grid Study Model

THESIS

ANALYSIS

PROGRAM

DIAGRAMS

REPRESENTATION STRUCTURE

MODEL

RENDERINGS


Form Study Models

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76 Site Model

THESIS

ANALYSIS

PROGRAM

DIAGRAMS

REPRESENTATION STRUCTURE

MODEL

RENDERINGS


Massing Model

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78 Structure Model Perforated Screen Mock Up

THESIS

ANALYSIS

PROGRAM

DIAGRAMS

REPRESENTATION STRUCTURE

MODEL

RENDERINGS


Perforated Screen Mock Up

Module Structure Detail Model

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80 Final Model

THESIS

ANALYSIS

PROGRAM

DIAGRAMS

REPRESENTATION STRUCTURE

MODEL

RENDERINGS


Our final model was constructed in two halves in order to highlight the connection to the pre-existing building on campus. Each module was easily seen through this method of representation.

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[renderings]

Bringing reality to our design.

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84 Southern View

THESIS

ANALYSIS

PROGRAM

DIAGRAMS

REPRESENTATION STRUCTURE

MODEL

RENDERINGS


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86 North West View

THESIS

ANALYSIS

PROGRAM

DIAGRAMS

REPRESENTATION STRUCTURE

MODEL

RENDERINGS


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88 North East View

THESIS

ANALYSIS

PROGRAM

DIAGRAMS

REPRESENTATION STRUCTURE

MODEL

RENDERINGS


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90 Northern View

THESIS

ANALYSIS

PROGRAM

DIAGRAMS

REPRESENTATION STRUCTURE

MODEL

RENDERINGS


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92 South East View

THESIS

ANALYSIS

PROGRAM

DIAGRAMS

REPRESENTATION STRUCTURE

MODEL

RENDERINGS


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94 North East View

THESIS

ANALYSIS

PROGRAM

DIAGRAMS

REPRESENTATION STRUCTURE

MODEL

RENDERINGS


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RENDERINGS MODEL REPRESENTATION STRUCTURE THESIS

ANALYSIS

PROGRAM

DIAGRAMS

The main atrium was a crucial aspect of our design. Through the atrium we were able to delicately connect to the exisiting facade of the Architecture and Design Center. Throughout the atrium we were able to filter light deep within the programmatic spaces, as well as in the circulation spaces. Supporting our thesis, we decided to place the circulation within the atrium to help promote collaboration and cross pollination between majors.

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Interior Atrium


Interior Atrium

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98 Third Floor Cafe

THESIS

ANALYSIS

PROGRAM

DIAGRAMS

REPRESENTATION STRUCTURE

MODEL

RENDERINGS


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100 Third Floor Circulation Space

THESIS

ANALYSIS

PROGRAM

DIAGRAMS

REPRESENTATION STRUCTURE

MODEL

RENDERINGS


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102 First Floor Gallery

THESIS

ANALYSIS

PROGRAM

DIAGRAMS

REPRESENTATION STRUCTURE

MODEL

RENDERINGS


Office Space

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104 Second Floor Circulation Space

THESIS

ANALYSIS

PROGRAM

DIAGRAMS

REPRESENTATION STRUCTURE

MODEL

RENDERINGS


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[contact information]

Philadelphia University C_ABE Laura Royer / laura.royer5@gmail.com Megan Henry / megan.leigh.henry@gmail.com Mike Scioli / scioli0656@philau.edu

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RE[fabricated]  

The goal of the proposed facility is to foster cross-pollination and unification of all majors, students, and program aspects; creating a c...

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