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YALE MODEL UNITED NATIONS KOREA 2013

Delegate Guide May 17-19, 2013

Seoul, South Korea


Program of Events Friday, May 17 2.00 - 6.00 PM 4.00 - 5.00 PM 5.30 - 6.00 PM 6.00 - 7.00 PM 7.00 - 7.30 PM 7.00 - 8.00 PM 7.30 - 10.00 PM 10.00 - 11.30 PM

Registration Pre-Conference Training Workshops (Room 401) Begin Seating for Opening Ceremonies Opening Ceremonies In-Committee Review of Parliamentary Procedures Yale Session I: Introduction to YMUN Korea (for parents) Committee Session I Lounge Night: Learn About Yale

Saturday, May 18 9.00 - 11.30 AM 11.30 AM - 1.00 PM 1.00 - 2.00 PM 2.00 - 3.00 PM 2.00 - 5.00 PM 5.00 - 5.45 PM 5.45 - 6.30 PM 6.30 - 9.00 PM

Committee Session II Lunch Yale Session II: Introduction to American Universities and Student Life at Yale Yale Session III: Admissions & Testing Information for American Universities Committee Session III* Delegate Dinner at Wizwit Restaurant, Group I (COEX) Delegate Dinner at Wizwit Restaurant, Group II (COEX) Committee Session IV

Sunday, May 19 9.00 - 11.30 AM 11.30 AM - 12.00 PM 12.00 - 1.30 PM

Committee Session V Q&A In-Committee Session about Yale Closing Ceremonies


Conference Committees, Events & Room Assignments Genereal Assemblies World Health Organization (WHO)*

318BC

Disarmament and International Security Committee (DISEC)†

317BC

Social, Humanitarian, and Cultural Affairs Council (SOCHUM)*

300

Economic and Financial Affairs Council (ECOFIN)†

308BC

Commission on the Status of Women (CSW)*

307 BC

ECOSOC Committees & Regional Bodies African Union*

307A

United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development (UNCSD)†

317A

United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)†

308A

North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)*

318A

Specialized Bodies United Nations Security Council (UNSC)†

304

Arctic Council*

305

Yale Session Events Yale Session I

401

Yale Session II

300

Yale Session III

300

† Dinner Session, Group I * Dinner Session, Group II


Table of Contents Letter from the Secretary-General

1

Meet the Conference Secretariat New Haven Team 2 Seoul Team 4 Parliamentary Procedures Common Motions 6

Common Points in Order of Disruption

6

Rules & Motions Regarding Papers & Resolutions 7

Concluding Motions 7 Resolution Guide 8 COEX: Transportation, Dining Options & Entertainment 9


Letter from The Secretary-General Dear Delegates and Advisors, My name is Daniel Mitropolsky, and as this year’s Secretary General, it is my great pleasure and honor to welcome you to the Yale Model United Nations Korea (YMUN Korea) 2013 conference, hosted by Yale University in Seoul, Korea in May of 2013. YMUN Korea represents a new frontier that allows for a global, international, and educational experience for all those involved. Last year, a group of ambitious students brought to Korea its first Model UN Conference from a leading American Ivy League university. Last year’s conference was an enriching and powerful experience for delegates, immersing them in the complex puzzle of international affairs, and challenging them to understand and resolve some of the most important issues that face our world. Building upon YMUN Korea’s tradition of innovation and educational excellence, this year’s conference promises to provide delegates with a creative, thought-provoking, and rewarding experience. YMUN Korea is based upon the Yale Model United Nations conference held annually at Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut. YMUN in New Haven is a world-renowned conference that has seen over thirtynine years of success and innovation, and caters to more than 1,350 students participating from all over the world every year. YMUN Korea will select and expand upon several of the best committees from YMUN in New Haven. The Secretariat’s aim is to at once bring the excellence and excitement of YMUN to Korea, as well as focus on further fostering high-level debate and academic rigor. YMUN Korea will present delegates with an intellectually demanding but highly rewarding opportunity. For this year’s conference, we have overwhelmingly focused on committee and debate quality, through electing the best-prepared and most passionate chairs, preparing rich and informative study guides, and planning various in-committee bonuses and crises to perfect the delegate experience. We invite all advisors (and parents, who should first check in with the conference secretariat) to silently visit committees to see their students in action! This year, we are also providing several informational sessions about Yale University, studying at universities in the United States, applying to US Universities, as well as our personal experiences in both the admission process and as students at Yale. We have several social events lined up for delegates to give time for relaxing after a hard day’s work in committee, and to get to know other delegates, as well as the Yale Secretariat and Committee chairs. The first event is on Friday evening - Lounge Night - right after the end of the first committee session. Delegates can mingle and get to know us over some light snacks before going to bed in anticipation for another exciting day. We could not be more excited welcome you to YMUN Korea, and am truly looking forward to meeting you in person. Please, come and find me, as well as all other members of the Secretariat (marked with distinctive Secretariat badges) - we would love to meet you. If you have any questions or concerns whatsoever, do not hesitate to ask any member of the Secretariat, any committee chair, or any of the helping staff that you will see around the conference center. I wish you an unforgettable and enriching experience at this year’s conference- it would not be possibly without you. Sincerely, Daniel Mitropolsky Secretary General Yale Model United Nations 2013

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Meet the Conference Secretariat New Haven Secretary General – Daniel Mitropolsky Daniel Mitropolsky is a sophomore in Pierson College at Yale University and is this year’s Secretary General of Yale Model United Nations Korea. Dan is a Mathematics major, but is considering a double major with Linguistics or Global Affairs. Dan has a deep and sustained interest in linguistics and foreign languages, and spends much of his free time studying and speaking them. Dan speaks Korean and is extremely excited to put his abilities to use in directing what will become Korea’s best Model UN conference.

Director General – Margaret Lee Margaret Lee, this year’s Director General, is a junior in Saybrook College at Yale University. An English and political science major, she is interested in everything from 20th century literature to constitutional law to Spenser. Margaret’s parents are from South Korea, and she attended some of elementary school in Daejeon. She has a deep love for Korea and is very excited to work with the Yale International Relations Association and YMUN Korea to make this conference the best experience it can be.

USG Delegations – Jade Ford Jade Ford is a freshman in Davenport College at Yale University intending to major in Global Affairs at the Jackson Institute. She grew up in New York City, where she participated in Model UN throughout high school and was president of her school’s Model UN Club. Jade was selected for Yale’s Model UN Team this fall, and cannot wait to take on more Model UN fun throughout YMUN Korea. Jade is also an avid skier, and has an infamously loud laugh.

USG Conference – Sabina Lee Sabina Lee is a freshman in Pierson College of Yale University. She is from Boston but her parents come from Korea, so she grew up speaking Korean at home. She has not yet decided upon a major but is interested in learning more about art history, economics and public health. She participated in her first Model UN conference sophomore year of high school and has been at it ever since. In her free time, she enjoys listening to Maroon 5, sitting by windows, shopping for shoes, and watching Anthony Bourdain’s No Reservations.

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USG Services – Aia Sarycheva Aia Sarycheva is a freshman in Branford College at Yale University majoring in Economics and East Asian Studies. She is excited to serve as the Under-Secretary-General of Services and hopes to make this year’s YMUN Korea one of Yale’s best conferences yet. Born in Moscow, raised in New York, and having studied abroad in Nagoya and Berlin, Aia loves exploring other cultures and has a knack for ending up in cities. She enjoys learning languages, arguing about politics, hiking, and listening to alternative rock.

USG Marketing – Megan Gallman Megan Gallman is junior in Berkeley College at Yale University, majoring in Film Studies with a concentration in Production. Although originally from Arkansas, she prefers to spend her time anywhere but. She recently spent a semester studying Korean at Sogang University in Seoul, and will be returning Fall 2013 on a year-long exchange at Yonsei. When not marketing YMUN Korea to the far corners of the Earth, she enjoys both making and watching movies, writing, traveling, and eating ddeokbokki.

USG Committees – John D’Amico John D’Amico is a sophomore in Pierson College at Yale University and will serve as the Under-Secretary-General of Committees for YMUN Korea. He plans to major in either East Asian Studies or Global Affairs, but his academic interests range from contemporary Japanese politics to ancient Assyria and beyond. Outside of class, he enjoys reading, writing on international affairs, and drinking good coffee. He hopes everyone will enjoy the committee experience at YMUN Korea, and looks forward to seeing everyone there.

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Seoul Director General - Un Hyung Lee Un Hyung Lee is a senior at Hankuk Academy of Foreign Studies in Korea and will serve as this year’s Director General Korea. Though she was born in Korea she spent almost half of her life outside of her home country in the United States and Malaysia. She has been active in Model UN, Model Congress, and English Parliamentary debate in her high school years and hopes to major in international relations or politics in the future.

USG Delegations - Eun Ji Son Eun Ji Son is a senior at Hankuk Academy of Foreign Studies in Korea and will serve as this year’s Under Secretary General of Delegations. Although she lived most of her life in Korea, she has been greatly influenced by her life in Texas. Throughout her high school years, Eun Ji participated in Model UN and mock trial and is wiling to pursue an international relations or a business major.

USG Conference - Ah-Jin Seo Ah-Jin Seo is a freshman at Yonsei University and is the Under Secretary General for Conference in YMUN Korea 2013. She studies open major meaning that she did not decide her major yet, but she is mainly interested in business and international relations. Ah-Jin participated in numerous Model United Nations when she was a high school student and she served as a student officer at YMUN last year. Based on these various experience she will be managing works regarding the conference in YMUN Korea 2013. She is looking forward to a successful conference and is very excited to meet students from all over the world.

USG Services - Ho Kyeong Jang Ho Kyeong Jang is a senior at Hanyoung Foreign Language High School and will serve as this year’s USG of Services. He is scheduled to graduate in February 2013, and will be spending the next four years at Yale College. He was born in Korea in 1994 and lived in Davis, California from 2001 to 2002. He is a lover of language, as he enjoys reading, writing, and speaking in both Korean and English. He is attracted to literature, linguistics, and neuroscience. He has been an active participant of Mock Trial, MUN, and Parliamentary Debate throughout high school, and is more than happy to help anyone who asks.

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USG Marketing - Jeewon Sa Jeewon Sa (Christine) is a graduating senior at Cheongshim International Academy in Korea and will serve as this year YMUN Korea’s USG of Marketing. During her middle and high school years, she has participated in and hosted several Model UN conferences, been active in mock trial, and hopes to broaden her experience in forensics in the future as well. She will be majoring International Studies at Korea University this upcoming year.

USG Outreach - Jean Seok Lee Jean Seok Lee is a senior at Hankuk Academy of Foreign Studies in Korea and will serve as this year’s USG of Outreach. Born in Seoul, Jean Seok spent his childhood years in New York City. Consequently, he is a die hard New York Yankees fan. Although he intends on studying mathematics and statistics in college, he dreams of becoming a lawyer one day. He is open to any and all qestions from delegates and parents. Unfortunately, he does not take any questions from Red Sox fans.

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Parliamentary Procedures YMUN Korea will be using a variant on the classic MUN rules of procedure that is very straightforward and easy to follow. We have made notes below where we diverge slightly from the usual rules. We hope this serves as a useful guide for delegates.

Common Motions: • Motion to Open Session Requires a simple majority. • Open Primary Speaker’s List A maximum of 5 speakers can be on the list. 45 seconds speaking time default. Used at the very beginning of debate and after a topic is tabled. • Motion to Set the Agenda This motion is to choose the topic of discussion. Two people will speak in favor for one topic, two will speak in favor of another. A simple majority vote will decide the first topic of discussion. • Motion to Open Secondary Speaker’s List Speaking time is by default one minute but with a motion can be changed. Five speakers will be taken at a time, who will then make speeches on the topic. The topic set by the Motion to Set the Agenda will be discussed. After each speech the chair will ask for points or motions. • Motion to Move to Moderated Caucus The chair will ask for the length of the moderated caucus as well as the amount of time allot ted per speech. A moderated caucus is a more informal mode of discussion in which the chair directly calls on delegates as they raise their placards. It is usually on a specific topic. • Motion to Move to Un-moderated Caucus The chair will ask for the length of the un-moderated caucus. An un-moderated caucus is a time for delegates to freely converse with each other and is usually reserved for when del egates need to cooperate on writing working papers. A motion to move to an unmoderated caucus is always more disruptive than a motion to move to a moderated one, and thus is voted on before a motion to enter a moderated caucus.

Common Points in Order of Disruption: • Point of Personal Privilege Used when a delegate is hindered in their ability to participate in committee. Examples in clude changing the temperature of the room or being unable to hear another delegate. • Point of Order Used when a delegate believes a mistake was made regarding the rules of procedure. • Point of Inquiry Used when a delegate has a question about the rules of procedure.

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Rules and Motions Regarding Papers and Resolutions: • Working Papers: Every paper submitted to the chair is first regarded as a working paper. This is considered the foundation for a draft resolution, and does not require a preamble or resolution format. • Motion to Introduce Draft Resolution To qualify for this motion, the working paper’s sponsors (people who worked on it) and signatories (people who want it to see it debated) must amount to at least 20% of the com mittee. If passed as a draft resolution, the draft resolution is read aloud, projected, and printed (first draft resolution is called 1, second is 2, third is 3). Q&A will follow, with del egates asking the sponsors questions about the contents of the draft resolution. The chair will ask for a motion to set the time limit of this Q&A session. After the Q&A, the committee will return to the secondary speaker’s list. • Motion to Introduce Amendment This requires a simple majority.

• A Friendly Amendment is one that has the unanimous consent of the draft resolution’s sponsors and is passed automatically when it is introduced.

• An Unfriendly Amendment is one that does not have the unanimous consent of the draft resolution’s sponsors. An Unfriendly Amendment, after being introduced, will be discussed with one speaker presenting for it and one speaker presenting against it. If more discussion is desired, this can transition into a moderated caucus if a motion for it is raised.

• Motion to Vote on Unfriendly Amendment Done after the two speakers have presented for and against it. Requires a simple majority to pass. • Motion to Enter Voting Procedure (2/3) Requires a 2/3 majority to pass. Will result in beginning of formal process of voting on the draft resolutions that have been introduced. • Motion to Re-order Resolutions Requires a simple majority to pass. Changes the order in which draft resolutions are voted upon. The default order is the order the resolutions were introduced.

Concluding Motions: • Motion to Table Topic Requires a simple majority to pass. Ends discussion of current topic under the secondary speaker’s list and returns the committee to the primary speaker’s list. • Motion for Recess Requires a simple majority to pass. Stops debate at end of committee session.

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Resolution Guide Each resolution is a single sentence, with the different sections separated by semicolons and commas. The language of the document will greatly influence its appeal. Wording should be clear, concise, and specific; every clause should have a purpose. Three parts comprise the resolution: the heading, the preamble, and the operative clauses. HEADING: The heading identifies the committee, the resolution topic, the sponsoring nation(s), and the organ the delegation is addressing. PREAMBLE: The preamble explains the purposes of the resolution. The preambulatory clauses begain with present participles and often refer to past resolution precedents and authorizations in the UN Charter for actions. OPERATIVE CLAUSES: These form the policy portion of the resolution. Each of these clauses starts with a verb (in the third person singular) and taken as a whole, deals thoroughly with one idea arranged in a logical progression. Each clause should not be a collection of unrelated thoughts or statements on a broad topic, but should focus on one aspect of the problem.

Preambulatory Clause Examples Acknowledging Anxious Appreciating Bearing in mind Believing Concerned Confident Deeply convinced Deploring

Desiring Determined Expressing appreciation Fully aware Fully alarmed Further ‌ Guided by Having approved Having reviewed

Noting further Noting with approval Noting with deep concern Observing Reaffirming Referring Stressing Taking into consideration Viewing with appreciation

Operative Clause Examples Accepts Adopts Appeals Appreciates Authorizes Calls Calls upon Concurs Condemns

Considers Declares accordingly Designates Directs Draws attention Encourages Expresses its concern Expresses the hope Has Resolved

Invites Notes with approval Notes with interest Proclaims Reaffirms Recognizes Recommends Regrets Requests

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Coex: Transportation, Dining Options, & Entertainment via coex.co.kr

Address: Coex, 159 Samseong dong, Gangnam-gu, Seoul 135-731, S. Korea Coex is located in the World Trade Center Complex in Gangnam District south of the Han River in Seoul. You can COEX at Samseong Station on subway line number two or at Cheongdam Station on subway line number seven.

Seoul Subway Information

Coming from Samseong Station

Coming from the subway, use exit five or six connected to the Coex Mall. Follow the Coex sign and you will come out at Millennium Plaza with the Coex Mall entrance in the back of the plaza. Hyundai Department Store will be to your left and CoexArtium straight ahead.

Coming form Cheongdam Station

Take exit two and walk straight for about 15 minutes. You will pass Bongeun Temple on your right and soon after that you will see the Coex Complex on the right side. You can enter through North Gate or keep walking straight along the center to enter into East Gate.

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Coex Mall: Dining Options Dining options are endless in Coex Mall: Enjoy a quick meal in the food court, at McDonalds or Burger King or take your time and relax in one of our themed restaurants such as Marche´, On The Border or T.G.I. Friday’s. For seafood lovers Todai Restaurant would be the perfect spot with their scrumptious seafood buffet. There is also a vast variety of Asian restaurants ranging from Korean and Chinese to Japanese food. Coffee Bean, Starbucks, Pascucci and Dunkin Donuts are just a few of the many coffee shops here at Coex. There is something for every taste. The Delegate Dinner on Saturday is already included in the delegate fee. The dinner will take place in the Wizwit restaurant on the first floor of COEX. Your chairs and vice-chairs will guide you there after committee. Every delegate will receive a ticket that they can redeem for one of the options below:

• Kimchi Jjigae (Korean Kimchi stew - a tasty traditional dish!) • Bacon and Chicken Foccacia Sandwich • Vegetable Sandwich (vegetarian option)

Coex Mall: Entertainment Megabox

If it’s currently playing, you’ll find it here. Also check out the IMAX Theater!

Aquarium

An ocean journey - introducing Coex Mall Aquarium.

Bandi and Luni’s

A place for books and fun - introducing Bandi and Luni’s.

The Pulmuone Kimchi Museum

Searching for the delicious traditions of native Korea - introducing the Kimchi Museum.

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YALE MODEL UNITED NATIONS KOREA 2013 May 17-19, 2013

Seoul, South Korea


YMUN Korea 2013 Delegate Guide