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a spring arbor university publication


February 2013

Issue 30


the PULSE February 2013

Issue 30



THE PULSE is a professional team of journalists providing the community of Spring Arbor with immediate, accurate and relevant information that concerns the University and surrounding community. All editorial pieces published in “The Pulse” reflect the opinion of the writers and not “The Pulse” or Spring Arbor University. Editor-in-chief Managing Editor Photo Editor Lead Designer Business Manager Social Media Manager ‘Counterpoint’ Correspondent Lead Writers

Staff Writer Guest Writer Photographer Copy Editors

Staff Adviser


Megan Filipowski Laura Guikema Sydney Williams Tyler Thorne Matt DeMeritt Kristen Larson Kerry Wade Sarah Beardslee Brittany Bellamy Bekka Bossenberger Alexandra Harper Jesse Gentry Daniel Peake Cam Davis Megan Donahue Bethany Hart Retta Mast Terri Reynolds

contents letter

Letter from the editor

pg. 4


School/sports events

pg. 5


Dining Commons celebrates grand opening On a mission for change Speak with G.R.A.C.E. Burlap and lace The Oak Tree Review accepting submissions By the numbers: the new Get in the know Water workouts A simpler community Fellowship, forgiveness and food SAU focuses on food Fasting 101 Frankenfood and animals Growing food, growing minds Food in Dutch painting

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6 7 8 8 9 9 10 10 11 11 12 12 12 13 13


“Birdie� takes flight in White SAU loves drama Academy Awards predictions Just give that man an Oscar Covers, music and worship Student podcasts available online

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14 14 15 15 16 16


Soda and stories Roses are red, violets are blue... Office space: the curious corner of Bobby Pratt

pg. 17 pg. 18 pg. 19


Four letter identities The culture of modesty

pg. 20 pg. 21


PEDs changing baseball Spring Arbor athletic updates

pg. 22 pg. 23 | page 3

letter Readers of “The Pulse,”


t’s the start of my final semester here at Spring Arbor University. It is also the start of my last three issues as editor. What lies ahead is scarier than I imagined — deciding what jobs to apply for and what graduate school to attend.

There are moments where I feel unprepared for the next step and I’m afraid to leave the comforts of the place that I’ve called home for the last four years. With that said, I want to make “The Pulse” the best that it can possibly be and I need your help. I might faint if I were to get responses from you about article topics and the things that you’d like to read about. I might cry tears of joy if you like our Facebook page and follow us on Twitter. “The Pulse” is a great way for you to get the news from around campus. I have a dedicated staff of writers who go to events, even some that I call upon to go to in advance, others just moments before. They then spend countless hours writing just for you. We’d love to make sure that you’re getting the news you want to read. So please, email me at with your ideas. We’d also love feedback on what you see published in this issue. Is there something you don’t like? I’d love to hear about it. Is there something you like? I’d love to hear that too. I hope you are all having a great start to the semester and enjoy the newest issue of “The Pulse.” Thank you,

Megan Filipowski Editor-in-chief

A quick way to give us feedback: Search for “SAU Pulse” on Facebook, like us and leave a comment! Or tweet at us: @saupulse.

Like what you see? Hate what you see? Join our staff! Email for details or to set up a meeting.


“The Pulse” is looking for a delivery person. Must be available Fridays around noon. Delivery is only once per month.

Interested? Email

calendar February — March Friday, Feb. 15 • Ambassador Young speaks, 5 p.m in the Ralph Carey Forum (RCF) • “Bye Bye, Birdie,” 8 p.m. in White Auditorium

Monday, Feb. 25 • Chapel, Mary Darling, 10:05 a.m. at SAFMC • Intramural basketball begins in the fieldhouse • I Am Second meeting, 9:30 p.m. in the RCF

Saturday, Feb. 16 • Women’s basketball game, 1 p.m. at the fieldhouse • “Bye Bye, Birdie,” 8 p.m. in White Auditorium

Tuesday, Feb. 26 • Date auction, 9 p.m. in the RCF

Sunday, Feb. 17 • “Bye Bye, Birdie,” 3 p.m. in White Auditorium Monday, Feb. 18 • Week of Hope begins • Chapel, Doug Routledge, 10:05 a.m. at Spring Arbor Free Methodist Church (SAFMC) • Worship night, 7 p.m. in the Prop Shop • Love your body week kickoff, 7 p.m. in the RCF • Intramural volleyball tournament continues, Dunckel Gymnasium • I Am Second meeting, 9:30 p.m. in the RCF Tuesday, Feb. 19 • Week of Hope continues • Love your body week keynote speaker, 7 p.m. in White Auditorium • Puerto Rico thrift store, 9 p.m. in the RCF

Wednesday, Feb. 27 • Student Government Association President/ Vice President applications due • Chapel, Dominic Russo, 10:05 a.m. at SAFMC • Water workout, 8:30 p.m. in the pool Thursday, Feb. 28 • Bombastic bowling (freshmen event), 9 p.m. at Airport Lanes in Jackson Friday, March 1 • Spring Fling dance, 9 p.m. in Dunckel Gymnasium Monday, March 4 • Chapel, Adam Davidson, 10:05 a.m. at SAFMC • I Am Second meeting, 9:30 p.m. in the RCF

Wednesday, March 6 • Chapel, Jaye Hill, 10:05 a.m. at SAFMC • Water workout, 8:30 p.m. in the pool Saturday, March 9 - Sunday, March 17 • Spring break! Monday, March 18 • Lip sync audition sign up outside of the DC • Worship night, 7 p.m. in the Prop Shop • I Am Second meeting, 9:30 p.m. in the RCF Tuesday, March 19 • Lip sync audition sign up outside of the DC Wednesday, March 20 • Chapel, Tony Campolo, 10:05 a.m. at SAFMC • Lip sync auditions, 11 a.m. to 1 p.m. • Resume reviews, 11:15 a.m. to 1:15 p.m. outside of the DC • Softball game, 4 p.m. at the softball field • Women’s tennis, 4 p.m. at the tennis courts • Water workout, 8:30 p.m. in the pool Thursday, March 21 • Lip sync auditions, 11 a.m. to 1 p.m. • Baseball game, 2 p.m. at the baseball field

Wednesday, Feb. 20 • Week of Hope continues • Chapel, Kathleen MacDonald, 10:05 a.m. at SAFMC • Resume reviews, 11:15 a.m. to 1:15 p.m. outside of the Dining Commons (DC) • Love your body week movie, 6:30 p.m. in White Auditorium • Free Jazzercise hosted by Vitality, 7 p.m. in the RCF • Water workout, 8:30 p.m. in the pool Thursday, Feb. 21 • Week of Hope continues • “The Rocketboys” coffee house, 8 p.m. in the Cougar Den Friday, Feb. 22 • Week of Hope continues • Mystery date night, 8 p.m. in the DC and RCF



Dining Commons celebrates grand opening


pring Arbor University (SAU) students may have noticed the Dining Commons (DC) is looking a little better than usual. With seating for over 600 people, more food stations and a modern design, a lot has changed over the sixmonth renovation and construction. Some students praise the Silk milk machine and others the new waffle flavors, but Andrew Robbins, assistant director of dining services, is just glad the DC looks more trendy and less like a school cafeteria. broadcast live from the DC from 11 a.m. to 1 p.m.

employees and associates who are presenting and cooking food for them.”

There were food samplings, raffles and giveaways. Students had the opportunity to ask questions they had about food. Since the Focus Series was the day before Valentine’s Day, amd there was a cookie decorating station set up.

Robbins said the new seating offers a sense of privacy and calm. Students can come for the comfort to eat, read or study alone or with a group of friends. The display table helps show what is on the menu each day.

Highlights included Chef Sterling making ice cream using liquid nitrogen and his demonstration of freezing marshmallows.

Still in effect from last year is the “U First” board where students can make requests and give feedback. Robbins said the “U First” board gives employees, “Better communication with students and feedback we need to know to provide a better program.”

With this year’s Focus Series about food, it seemed fitting for the DC to officially celebrate its grand opening on Wednesday, Feb. 13.

The new DC was built to move away from buffet lines and aim for what Robbins called “pulse on dining.”

The DC had activities from 11 a.m. to 2 p.m. to show the students, faculty and community of Spring Arbor the social responsibility that Chartwells, SAU’s food contractor, guarantees.

“The new DC features less buffet styles that were common pre-renovation and now have a more interactive twist where students can watch their food being made,” said Robbins. “‘Pulse on dining’ gives students a deeper aspect to their dining experience and a chance to interact with the

Food vendors, including Pepsi, Kellogg’s and local produce sources, attended the grand opening.




Beth Lyman, director of dining services, said the DC, “[had] fun with the food theme.”

news On a mission for change



What you need to know about Spring Break mission trips


ervice is the word for more than 50 students this Spring Break. Mission trips are an exciting and important component of Spring Arbor University’s ministry to the greater community.

they serve. This year, the trip is doing a unique fundraiser called “Mugs for Vegas,” which allows supporters to buy a hand-decorated, personalized mug for $10. They have made more than $500 selling the mugs.

Fundraisers Participating students work hard for two months to raise the money they need. Each student sends 50 letters to family, friends and celebrities to ask for prayers and financial support, but they also host creative fundraisers to manage all of their expenses.

PAs sold concessions at the Missions Marketplace on Feb. 12, collected coins and offered babysitting services. Each of the PAs also sells their own personal “talents” such as photography, cleaning and back massages.

Hamtramck A memorable fundraiser for the Hamtramck missions trip is “I Do What I Want,” which allows bidders to win rare opportunities. Bidding is already closed, but this year students and staff donated more than $200 to have a chance to create the Drink of the Week at Sacred Grounds, choose the Dining Commons menu and shoot with the local SWAT team. Las Vegas The annual Peer Adviser (PA) trip to Las Vegas needs $16,000, which includes every expense plus donating generously to each of the ministries

Puerto Rico Students planning to go to Puerto Rico are hosting a variety of fundraisers, which include selling goods at the Missions Marketplace, “Crush for your Crush” Valentine’s Day deliveries, a thrift store (Tuesday, Feb. 19 from 9 to 11 p.m.), the annual date auction (Tuesday, Feb. 26 from 9 to 11 p.m.) and a ping pong tournament on March 2. Mystery Trip What if you wanted to serve but fully trusted God to lead?

“Many of the people who choose trips to serve on may be choosing a certain location, a certain people group or a certain way of serving,” said Steve Newton, assistant dean for spiritual formation and the staff leader for the mystery trip. “There is nothing wrong with that. I think the appeal of this trip is simply ‘trusting.’ When our expectations are erased, God can more freely move and we can more clearly listen.” Limited details about the trip have been revealed, but the team will serve three different ministries in both urban and rural settings. An anonymous source confirmed that the trip is not in the Spring Arbor and Jackson area. In addition to sending fundraising letters to family and friends, the mystery trip team sold chocolate lollipops, buttons and bracelets at Missions Marketplace. They are also planning a Krispy Kreme doughnut sale on campus.


news Speak with G.R.A.C.E.


manda Fron is a junior Special Education major at Spring Arbor University (SAU), but she is doing more than just fulfilling her educational requirements. In August 2011, Fron started a nonprofit organization that awards a $500 scholarship to special needs children to allow them to attend SpringHill Camps in Evart, Mich. The nonprofit is called Speak with G.R.A.C.E, an acronym that means “giving respect and communicating equality.” The acronym comes from Colossians 4:6, “Let your conversation be always full of grace, seasoned with salt, so that you may know how to answer everyone.” Fron was a special needs counselor at SpringHill Camps and worked with campers with disabilities.




She saw how the campers’ time at SpringHill enabled them to do things at camp they were not able to do at home. “I saw benefits in the campers and counselors and saw the need to create a scholarship for campers with special needs,” Fron said.

parents had in sending their children to SpringHill, where trained professionals care for their children.

Fron recognized that SpringHill was all about inclusion and that all campers did a variety of activities together.

To start the scholarship, Fron sent 88 appeal letters to raise money and was recognized as a Hope Hero of the Month last September by Family Life Radio.

“In our society the ‘r’ word [retarded] is used as a synonym for dumb and stupid. This dehumanizes those with special needs and disabilities. I want the ‘r’ word to be changed to respect; this scholarship communicates that and provides opportunities for campers with special needs,” said Fron. Fron said not all parents could afford to send their children to camp. She also saw the confidence

Burlap and lace

The cost for one camper to go to SpringHill camps is $500. Fron needs to raise $5,000 by next year for the scholarship to continue.

Next on Fron’s agenda is to create a pageant for girls with special needs. Ticket sales will go towards the scholarship. “Working with the campers at SpringHill has taught me what it means to be victorious and not the victim,” said Fron.



Spring fling preview


n the middle of the snow and cold of February, it’s difficult to imagine that spring is just around the corner. But thanks to the famous groundhog, Punxsutawney Phil, we know to expect an early spring. Besides warmer weather, this spring you can look forward to the Spring Fling dance, which will be held on Friday, March 1, in Dunckel Gymnasium. Tickets will be $4, and you can dance the night away from 9 p.m. to 12 a.m.


Although the dance does not have a specific theme, it will have a rustic and classy tone. Heather Warfield, the Student Government Association director of events, hesitates to call it “country chic” because of the connotation that the evening will be spent line dancing, square dancing or blasting music from Taylor Swift. In reality, country chic is the best way Warfield feels she can describe how the gym will look for the dance.

Warfield said, “The gym will have tables decorated with glass jars tied with twine and burlap lace and completed with a tea light.” Be sure to bring your camera for pictures, but there will also be a photo booth set up at the dance. Treats provided will include smoothies and a s’mores bar.

The Oak Tree Review accepting submissions



pring Arbor University (SAU)’s literary journal the Oak Tree Review (OTR) is currently accepting submissions. OTR is a publication run by students and English professor Dr. Brent Cline. The journal accepts submissions in fiction, non-fiction, poetry and reviews. The student editorial board - editor-in-chief Maggie Tibus, Abigail Barney and Kerry Wade - plans readings, designs posters and helps decide which submissions will be published. Submissions are also reviewed by professors in the English department before being selected for publication. This is the sixth year OTR has produced a publication. On Nov. 15, 2012, the Oak Tree Review hosted a poetry reading in the Prop Shop, which featured works by the fall poetry class and SAU professors and staff. After the publication and distribution of the journal, OTR will host a reading night to showcase the published authors. OTR is accepting submissions until Feb. 28. To submit an original composition, email the work as a Word document to For more information, see posters around campus or like OTR on Facebook.

By the numbers: the new





For 3.5 months, Peter Shackelford and Chuck Monahan worked full-time to produce the site. Additional help came from Daniel Shackelford, Julie Tison and Sydney Williams.


We went from 2,695 pages on the old site to 493 pages on the current site.


1,735 pieces of media (photos, PDFs, videos) have been uploaded to the new site.


During the month of January, the new had 136,094 unique page views and averaged 4,390 page views per day.


280 comments and suggestions have been received through the feedback system from faculty, staff, students and community members.


Since the hard launch of the site on December 15, the new had 43,711 unique visitors and 189,316 unique page views.


Approximately 133 Sacred Grounds coffees were consumed during site construction.


A dozen Nerf darts went missing during the production of the site.



Get in the know



Cross cultural trip info available now


s spring semester kicks into gear, many sophomore and junior students are looking ahead to next year and fulfilling their cross cultural requirement. All Spring Arbor University (SAU) students are required to go on a CORE 275 cross cultural experience to graduate, whether it is a January or May term trip or a semester abroad. On Thursday, Feb. 28, the Cross Cultural Office will host a Market Day from 11 a.m. to 1:30 p.m. for students to come and explore the different cross cultural options offered for the 2013-2014 school year. Students can learn about the trips, talk to the professors leading them and pick up the necessary paperwork. Those who want to have an early start can take several steps now to be prepared for Market Day. The Cross Cultural Office is open to take pictures for passports during the first few weeks of February.

At the business office, students can also pay their study abroad fee, which has been lowered to $150. The fee covers services including obtaining an international ID and pictures.

as well as semesters abroad. The tuition benefit covers a significant portion of trips and renders trips to Guatemala, Ecuador, Costa Rica, the Dominican Republic and others free.

Once students have taken their passport pictures, paid their fees and obtained their applications, there are several other steps to enrollment. The Cross Cultural Studies (CCS) application (available at Market Day) must be completed as well as CCS forms with emergency contact information. Childhood immunization records must be provided as well.

The Gilman Scholarship is also available for students interested in a semester abroad. There will be a workshop to learn more about the scholarship on Thursday, April 25 from 12:30 to 1:45 p.m. in the Cross Cultural Office.

The Cross Cultural Office will begin accepting all of these items Monday, March 4 at 9 a.m. After that day, students can turn in paperwork any day between 9 a.m. and 3 p.m. The CCS tuition benefit available to students who enrolled in Fall 2011 or later is new this year. It can be credited to any three-week abroad opportunity

Water workouts




A new way for SAU students to stay fit pring Arbor University (SAU) health and wellness club Vitality will offer a free water workout class Wednesday nights at 8:30 p.m. in the pool. The class began Wednesday, Feb. 6.


The class is presented by Vitality, part of the Student Government Association at SAU. Junior Sara Burge, director of Vitality, said the class lines up with Vitality’s goals for the semester.

The instructor, SAU senior Matt Voiles, taught swim lessons in high school. He said the class targets muscle zones in the core, arms and legs. Each participant will be given a training schedule.

Burge said Vitality’s goals are to provide studenttaught fitness classes, educate students about whole-body wellness, reach out to male students and use SAU’s fitness resources.

Voiles hopes about 15 people will attend the class each week, and he said the class will be difficult. “I might scare some people the first day,” said Voiles. “The course is based on the Navy and Coast Guard, and there are different strokes and techniques.”

“[Voiles’] class is a culmination of all of our goals,” said Burge. “I’m excited that we get to use the pool facility. It’s a venue we haven’t used before [in a Vitality class].”

Voiles said the workout will begin with 10 minutes of continuous swimming. Voiles said he plans to change the exercises every week. His goal is to help participants strengthen their endurance.

Burge said Vitality will offer one other weekly student-taught class this semester, but the schedule has not been set. Vitality will also host classes with professional fitness instructors, including a Jazzercise night on Feb. 20 from 7 to 8 p.m. in the Ralph Carey Forum.

“For me, it’s about getting back to my roots [and] doing stuff I love,” Voiles said. “The class will be an intense experience with great results.”

For more information about upcoming Vitality classes and events, search “SAU Vitality” on Facebook.


For a list of trips offered for the 2013-2014 year, visit the Cross Cultural Office on Ogle Street behind the White Library or check your campus mail for a cross cultural magazine. For more information visit or like the office on Facebook at SAUCrossCulturalStudies for a chance to win a free sweatshirt.

A simpler community


pring Arbor University (SAU) hosted Shane Claiborne Sunday, Feb. 10 and Monday, Feb. 11. Claiborne co-founded the Simple Way living community in Philadelphia, Pa. He is an advocate for community-based living and authentic love. By author Tony Campolo’s urging, SAU professor Mary Darling booked Claiborne to speak for the first time in chapel during the fall of 2007. “He did a great job connecting with people,” said Darling. Darling connected with Claiborne on a personal level through yearly “speaker gatherings” sponsored by Campolo. The two became friends and Darling did phone interviews with Claiborne that are featured in her second book. “When I asked him last year to come back for chapel, I knew his schedule [was] pretty full and he is limiting how much he speaks, but he said he would try to make it work,” said Darling. “I so appreciate that he did.” Claiborne said his life has been focused on the question, “How can I live on less?” He said his

answer was founding Simple Way community, which he describes as a “little village reminiscent of the early church.” Claiborne said the creation of holy habits and the cultivation of goodness will naturally be followed by the anchor of community. He urges his listeners to “recapture what it means to live like Christ in the world.” Claiborne warns that Christians must not turn their beliefs into a doctrinal statement and that the body of Christ should let their works demonstrate their salvation. “We should take who we are and connect it to the brokenness of the world,” said Claiborne. During an informal question and answer time with SAU students Sunday, Feb. 10, at 7 p.m. in the Ralph Carey Forum, the dialogue often turned to community. Claiborne said each person deeply longs for community. He said community can offer positive peer pressure that pulls others toward God. “I met Jesus and he messed me up; I’ve been recovering ever since,” said Claiborne.

Fellowship, forgiveness and food


n preparation for the annual Focus Series, Spring Arbor University hosted a showing of the movie “Babette’s Feast” Feb. 11 in the Ralph Carey Forum at 7 p.m. “Babette’s Feast,” a 1987 Danish film, tells the story of a famous cook who is exiled from her French homeland and goes to live in a small Danish fishing village with two pious sisters. Dr. Robert Moore-Jumonville, professor of theology, led a discussion before and after the movie. He said the portrayal of food in the movie is symbolic of our “passions, desires and longings.” Moore-Jumonville said the film reminded him of a quote from Pastor Pam Abbey, who said, “Americans during Hallowthankmas remind me of myself on those vaguely blue, out-of-sorts evenings when I find myself standing in front of the refrigerator with a spoon and a carton of ice cream. I want something. I’m not sure what, but ice cream will have to do. It’s sweet and comforting

and plentiful and it takes my mind off whatever it is that I want but don’t have.” Moore-Jumonville read passages of scripture that demonstrate the longing for God and God’s provision throughout the Bible. Moore-Jumonville said the film included three lenses depicted by the Danish philosopher Søren Kierkegaard: “ascetic,” or abstaining from worldly pleasures; “aesthetic,” or appreciating worldly pleasure and “religious,” or appreciating the mystery and food as an icon of the divine.



Claiborne said if you can’t be present in the moment, for instance if you are absorbed in texting, you should remove yourself from that situation. During his chapel speech he urged students to “unplug from some of the things that suck life out of us.” Claiborne advised listeners to step outside their comfort zones. “Maybe if we don’t have stories of getting taken advantage of, we aren’t risking enough,” said Claiborne. Claiborne said he is not advocating that people put themselves in a dangerous situation, but he is advocating for people to overstep their cozy bubbles and be available to those in need. Claiborne also told students that Christians are called to have wisdom and be mindful of resources, but that a Christ-like lifestyle is much more than that. Visit for more information on Claiborne and the Simple Way Community. Claiborne’s Feb. 10 question and answer time was recorded and will be uploaded to WRITTEN BY ALEXANDRA




Student Jamie Ward said she attended the film because she had read the short story “Babbette’s Feast.” “It was pretty accurate [to the story],” said Ward, “and well done for an older movie.” Moore-Jumonville wrapped up the night by saying, “[the film also shows that] if we try and fail, it isn’t the end.”

At the close of the film, Moore-Jumonville asked students to define the film’s theme in one world. Students’ responses included “community,” “forgiveness” and “gratitude.” Of a scene in the movie when members of the household eat Babette’s feast, Moore-Jumonville said, “You see how it heals, how it brings the community together.”


cover story SAU focuses on food


written by

Alexandra Harper

pring Arbor University (SAU) hosted its annual Focus Series Wednesday, Feb. 13. This year’s theme was food.

The keynote speaker was Leslie Leyland Fields, editor of the book “The Spirit of Food: 34 Writers on Feasting and Fasting Toward God.” She shared a lecture entitled “Holy Kale and Noodle Casserole: Return to the Table of God.” “We [asked] what role food plays in the Bible, from manna to the Lord’s Supper,” said Dr. Roger Varland, a member of the team in charge of the Focus Series. Two food-related movies were shown leading up to Focus Series. The movie “Babette’s Feast” was shown Monday, Feb. 11 at 7 p.m. in the Ralph Carey Forum (RCF) and “Fresh,” was shown Tuesday, Feb. 12 at 8:30 p.m. in the RCF. The Focus Series also included workshops in the morning from SAU faculty and staff members.

Fasting 101


r. Brent Cline gave an overview of the discipline of fasting in his workshop “The discipline of fasting: Why it’s important and why you might want to avoid it.” Cline said fasting is a pan-cultural discipline: it takes place in many different religions. Cline’s workshop gave an overview of fasting as practiced by the Eastern Orthodox tradition. “The discipline is not the good thing,” said Cline, “it is what it drives us to.” The Eastern Orthodox church practices fasting because the church believes salvation is a process of participation. Fasting takes place communally, with exceptions provided for the infirm. It is a way to calm passions and turn to God because we are

written by

both spiritual and physical beings. bodily activity only, submitting to the legalism Fasting does not involve cutting out food entirely, of substitution, becoming vain, wandering into as is commonly believed. Instead, meat products hypocrisy and thinking in spiritual delusion. such as meat, dairy, eggs and fish are to be avoided. Cline said there are also reasons one should avoid Cline listed six major times fasting is practiced fasting. If you have a limited knowledge of fasting, within the church: Lent, which is the first six attempt to fast outside of a church body or think weeks before Easter; Nativity (Nov. 15 to Dec. 24); you are your own master, Cline recommended that Apostle’s Fast (All Saints Day to Commemoration you do not fast. of Peter and Paul, June 29); Dormition of Cline recognized that many students would find Theotokos (two weeks before August); every Wednesday and Friday (to commemorate the his view of fasting different, as most Spring Arbor betrayal and crucifixion of Christ) and every University students are Protestants. However, he Sunday morning before communion. encouraged them to take a deep look at fasting practices in their own lives. He also warned about the dangers of fasting. Cline cautioned against treating fasting as a

Frankenfood and animals


r. Matt Hill, assistant professor of philosophy, discussed the pros and cons of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) in his workshop Ethical Eating: Frankenfood and Animals.

Hill said he is weary that GMOs are “secretly ubiquitous” and now make up a large portion of the American food supply.

Beginning in the 1970s with engineered plants and in the 1990s with the decoding of the human genome, GMOs have gained popularity.

Although GMOs greatly influence the efficiency of food production, Hill believes we have the capacity to feed the world. He said it doesn’t involve GMOs but rather redistribution of government subsidies currently used for GMOs (mainly corn).

Hill’s main contention is that what we put into our body becomes who we are. He said students should become more aware of what food contains and how much meat is consumed.

page 12 |

Brittany Bellamy

Hill said the issue could become political, based on the allocation of money given to corporations. Hill said he would rather individual citizens

written by

Bekka Bossenberger

provide aid rather than companies accountable to shareholders. “We protest with our wallets,” said Hill. Hill believes it comes down to “pharming” vs. farming. He is concerned with the possible longterm effects of consuming sterile fish, massive amounts of high fructose syrup and 48-day old chickens. “I guess I’m just not willing to trust the ‘maybe,’” said Hill.

cover story Growing food, growing minds


Gardening as liturgical practice


r. Jeff Bilbro spoke on the act of gardening as a liturgical practice and how our consumer industrial culture has come to see food as a means to an end.

limits of the place in which one lives, gardening demands that one is in tune to the seasons and geography surrounding them and the harvest of a garden leads to gratitude.

Bilbro quoted Wendell Berry’s essay “The Pleasures of Eating”: “The ideal industrial food consumer would be strapped to a table with a tube running from the food factory directly into his or her stomach.” Bilbro said even today’s industrial culture cringes at this extreme. Humans are not merely machines; humans themselves are part of the earth. The industrial eater has become disconnected with the fact that, as Berry said, “eating is an agricultural act.”

Gardening, as a ritual of returning to creation, can be seen as a liturgical practice reconnecting today’s industrial generation to the process of growth.

Bilbro said gardening is a way to reconnect with the earth. He listed some benefits of gardening: Gardening can change one’s view of aesthetics and health as one is reconnected to the process of growth, gardening can help make one aware of the

Bilbro and Baker will continue the discussion of liturgy in a Community of Learners seminar on March 1.

Bilbro and Dr. Jack Baker are starting a community garden on Spring Arbor University (SAU)’s campus this spring in hope that the harvest will be somehow incorporated into SAU’s catering service, Chartwells. Students who are interested in helping run this garden can contact Bilbro and Baker.

Food in Dutch painting


onathan Rinck, professor of art shared the workshop “God is in the Details: Food in Dutch Painting.”

“If any of my family knew I was talking about food today, they would think it’s hilarious because I subsist on Ramen noodles and gummy worms,” Rinck said. Rinck gave a brief history of Dutch painting. He said when the Reformation occurred and iconoclasm became rampant, painters had to find private funders and make the religious messages of their painting less explicit. Thus symbolism through food was utilized.




that their bodies would one day wilt and flies often accompanied the large amounts of fruit. Rinck also spoke about the dark side of Dutch symbolism. Some of the paintings showed merchandise won by the Dutch Empire through battles, thievery and slavery. He said his lecture should more accurately be called “God is in the details and so is a bunch of other bad stuff unfortunately.” Good or bad, Rinck said all symbolism in the paintings had a spiritual meaning connected to it. “Every seemingly trivial artifact in many of these paintings actually had meanings attached to them.”

Paintings called Vanitas often included symbols that reminded the viewer that the physical life is temporary. Flowers were used to remind people


a&e “Birdie” takes flight in White


or the last 53 years, the musical “Bye Bye, Birdie” has swept stages with dazzling song numbers and performances. The legendary play comes to White Auditorium this weekend presented by the Spring Arbor University (SAU) drama and music departments. The premise of “Bye Bye, Birdie” centers around Conrad Birdie, an Elvis Presley-like heartthrob and teen icon. After Birdie is drafted into the army, his manager brings him to a small Ohio town for “one last kiss” taped live on “The Ed Sullivan Show.” However, circumstances of frustrated love between two parties, including Birdie’s manager


Albert Peterson, inevitably lead to hilariously unforeseen mishaps and misfortunes. With a talented ensemble and brilliant scenic design, SAU effectively brings the nuance of “Bye Bye, Birdie” to life. Director Dr. Paul Patton continues the legacy of the musical, giving justice to its fun and comical spirit. However, Patton purposefully steers the performance toward a deeper meaning. “It’s definitely one of my favorite musicals because it addresses two key themes: the televisionization of reality and the cult of celebrities,” said Patton.



Headed by Dr. Paul Patton and Professor Jen Letherer, the department’s goals are to raise community interest and overall awareness of the art of stagecraft. The first event, an all-you-can-eat pancake breakfast, was held on Jan. 19. Many drama students volunteered to help with the event by serving food with Minnesota accents and wearing a wide variety of Midwestern fashion choices. The drama department plans to use the income from the breakfast for a spring break trip to


With a deeper meaning combined with fun, lively acting and musical numbers, SAU’s “Bye Bye, Birdie” is one of the best performances of the year. The play opened on Feb. 14 at 8 p.m. Other performances are Feb. 15 and 16 at 8 p.m. and Feb. 17 at 3 p.m.


SAU loves drama he drama department at Spring Arbor University (SAU) has planned four main events for the spring semester.

By edifying the icon as opposed to the individual person of Conrad Birdie, Patton hopes to emphasize these themes. “I want the play to focus on the idea of our deepest loves. Our deepest loves often mark us, and we as human beings have the tendency to create false gods.”



Minnesota. While in Minnesota, drama students and professors will attend several plays at different venues. The pancake breakfast was profitable, and the department reached their monetary goal.

To close the semester and the school year, the drama department will reenact the Shakespearian classic, “Twelfth Night.” The performance is set to show at the Michigan Theatre in Jackson in April.

Feb. 14 through Feb. 17, the stage play “Bye Bye, Birdie” will be presented in White Auditorium. “It’s been a lot of fun preparing for a set like this,” said Paul McKinley, the set carpenter. “It is definitely one of the most elaborate sets I’ve seen here; I can’t wait to see how the audience likes it.”

“I’m really excited about it. It’s cool not only to be in the play but also to be on an actual stage like the Michigan Theatre; it’s a great opportunity,” said Andrew King, a freshman whose SAU drama debut was in the performance of “W;t” last December.

An elaborate set is just one of the many things the show is promising. Known for its impressive choreography and intricate musical numbers, a show of this caliber, according to McKinley, “is no walk in the park.”

For more information about any of these events, keep an eye out for posters around campus or contact the drama department.

a&e Academy Awards predictions

written by

Kerry Wade


Sydney Williams


he Academy Awards, also known as the Oscars, are awards given for excellent achievement within the film industry. Nominations are given by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences and were announced on Jan. 10. The Academy Awards are hosted on Feb. 24 and until then, we speculate (for a full analysis, visit Award

Best Picture Directing Actor in a Leading Role Actress in a Leading Role Writing - Original Screenplay Writing - Adapted Screenplay Music - Original Score Best Cinematography Short Film - Animated

Kerry Wade: should win/will win “Amour”/“Amour” Michael Haneke/Steven Spielberg Joaquin Phoenix/Daniel Day-Lewis Emmanuelle Riva/Jennifer Lawrence “Beasts of the Southern Wild”/“Silver Linings Playbook” “Lincoln”/“Life of Pi” “Skyfall”/“Life of Pi” “Head over Heels”/“Paperman”

Sydney Williams: should win/will win “Amour”/“Argo” David O. Russell/Michael Haneke Daniel Day-Lewis/Joaquin Phoenix Emmanuelle Riva/Jennifer Lawrence “Django Unchained”/“Amour” “Life of Pi”/“Life of Pi” “Skyfall”/“Life of Pi” “Paperman”/“Paperman”

Just give that man an Oscar


oor Leo Leonard DiCaprio has never won an Oscar. People: this is a shame and a scandal.

What about “Titanic?” Wasn’t that nominated for 14 Oscars? Yes, ‘Titanic” won 11 Oscars in 1998, but Kate Winslet stole the Best Actress nomination from under him. What about “Gangs of New York?” Again DiCaprio was snubbed and his co-star Daniel Day-Lewis took Best Actor. Before we start shedding tears, there is some hope. DiCaprio did receive Best Actor nominations for his work in “The Aviator” and “Blood Diamond.”


oger Deakins You love his work.

“True Grit.” “The Shawshank Redemption.” “A Beautiful Mind.” “No Country for Old Men.” “The Big Lebowski.” “O Brother, Where Art Thou?” “The Village.” “Skyfall.” No matter which director he works with, cinematographer Roger Deakins consistently produces some of the most visually enticing films of all time. But despite his reputable repertoire, he has yet to win an Academy Award. He is one of the best and most versatile cinematographers currently working, and his latest movie proves it. “Skyfall” is his 10th nomination, and could be his first win.

However, right after that he was snubbed again receiving no nominations for “Inception.” This year’s Academy awards marks another nomination-free year for Leonardo DiCaprio, but he deserves to be recognized for his role in Quentin Tarantino’s “Django Unchained.” DiCaprio plays Calvin Candie, the owner of the most notorious plantation in all of Mississippi. During one of the most climactic scenes of the movie DiCaprio slammed his hand down on the table, slicing it on a piece of glass. Tarantino When I saw “Skyfall” in December, I already knew what to expect: solid acting (despite a terrible script), notable directing and the most menacing and bizarre Bond villain yet. But when I stepped out of the theater, I was still under Deakins’ spell. It was art. It was so beautiful. The movie was shot primarily on one or two cameras which remained still during most shots. When there was action, the camera moved along with it. “Skyfall’s” 143 minutes held some of the best color and shadow that I’ve ever seen on screen. Deakins played with reds and golds at the Macau casino, neons and blues reflecting off glass at the top of a skyscraper in Shanghai, muted greens and greys at Bond’s foggy family home in Scotland and blacks and oranges in the closer.

written by

Kerry Wade


Sydney Williams

kept the cameras rolling while DiCaprio stayed in character, the blood dripping down his hand. They used that take in the film. A few weeks ago DiCaprio informed the press that he was taking a break from acting. CBS News quoted him saying, “I am a bit drained. I'm now going to take a long, long break. I've done three films in two years and I'm just worn out.” At least for now, “The Great Gatsby,” releasing in May 2013, seems like DiCaprio’s last chance to win an Oscar. Only time will tell. - Kerry Wade Deakins stunned me over and over again with his interpretation of each location. From the narrow streets of Istanbul to the natural beauty of the Scottish Highlands, he showed me what to look at. The stunt camerawork was steady enough to maintain the framing, but jarring enough to hold the suspense. When the mood was more subdued, he let my eyes trace skylines and shadows. He is versatile. He takes your breath away. He knows how to shoot in low light. He leaves your soul longing for more gorgeous cinematography. Deakins has mastered wide landscape shots, precipitous angles, dazzling repetition, flawless movement, striking shadows, skylines, framing and rich color. Now just give that man an Oscar. - Sydney Williams | page 15

a&e Covers, music and worship



A coffee house success


he live music scene around the Spring Arbor University (SAU) campus has grown in recent years, and one of the ways is through “coffee house” shows. The most recent coffee house featured Jeff Anderson on Jan. 29 in the Cougar Den. About 30 students were in attendance as Anderson took the stage, but by the end of the show the Cougar Den was packed. Anderson played original songs from his album “In The Shadow” (released in 2012) as well as covers of well-known songs. Anderson did a rendition of the commonly covered “Hallelujah” (by Leonard Cohen). This particular song seemed to touch the crowd since audience members were already familiar with it. This feeling and emotion carried into an unexpected worship time that led to raised hands and people on their knees and in tears. As Anderson shifted into a time of worship, he played songs like “Your Love Never Fails” by “Jesus Culture,” “Hosanna” and “How He Loves.” Students were soon singing along with raised hands and closed eyes.

At one point during a worship song, Anderson stopped and said he had promised God he would say anything God told him to say, no matter how stupid or weird it seemed. Anderson said he felt God telling him there was someone in a section of the crowd who was going through a difficult time, and he prayed for that student. SAU music promoter Camille Hunter said Anderson’s booking agent contacted her in September and said he was going to be in the area. At the time the coffee house schedule was full, but this spot opened up. “I wanted a variety of styles in the artists I brought in this year, not just what I’d prefer to listen to,” Hunter said. “He was a really nice, chill guy. He even gave me a free t-shirt when he heard me say one of them was cool!” Hunter liked how well Anderson interacted with the crowd. The next coffee house will feature “The Rocket Boys,” “Mike Mains and the Branches” and “Dinner and a Suit” on Feb. 21. Keep an eye out for upcoming open mic events throughout the semester for a chance to show off your own talents.

Student podcasts available online


lthough I desperately hope this is not the case, some of you may still be asking, “What is ‘Counterpoint?’”

“Counterpoint” is Spring Arbor University (SAU)’s audio website. It publishes podcasts with everything from news to poetry to New Year’s resolutions. Haley Taylor, SAU senior and founder of “Counterpoint,” puts it this way: “We are different voices, different personalities who work together to create a harmonic relationship in audio. We hope to inform you with news, inspire you with art and challenge you with our different perspectives.”

Hypothetical Dinner Guest” hosted by Alexandra Harper. She asks: whom would you invite to dinner if history and death were no barrier? Last week’s dinner guest was Daisy Fellows, a woman of whom Jean Cocteau said “launched more fashions that any other woman in the world.” “Counterpoint” will also be publishing stories, poetry and spoken word performed by the students of SAU. Check out Marcella Jones’ reading of “Beauty When the Other Dancer Is the Self ” by Alice Walker or an embarrassing story from the high school years of Billy Luke. More content will be published throughout the semester. Feel free to go take a look. Listen and enjoy.

One way “Counterpoint” is kicking off the new semester is with a brand new series entitled “The


Check out new content at



Recent “Counterpoint” headlines: “A Resolution for Books” “Hypothetical Dinner Guest: Daisy Fellows” “‘Counterpoint’s’ ‘A Christmas Carol’”

feature Soda and stories



Meeting SAU’s new provost


ould you like a soda?

These were the words that began my interview with Dr. Kimberly Rupert, new provost and chief academic officer of Spring Arbor University (SAU). The question caused me to glance up from my reading of Dr. Rupert’s credentials. Doctorate in American Studies from Yale University. Senior vice president and first Ombudsperson of American Express Company. A list of accreditations longer than the Nile River. I was startled when spoken to and my first nonsensical thought was: If I drink the same soda as her, do my chances of getting into Yale’s grad school increase? Probably not. “So tell me a little bit about yourself.” Dr. Rupert said. Surprise #2. I have never had an interview in which the person starts by asking about myself. The unwritten hierarchy of interviews is that the interviewee is the spring of all possible knowledge and the interviewer is the polite, overly enthusiastic, rather replaceable bucket drawing information from that spring. Completely flustered on how to speak about myself to someone who could viably say, “Well, last week I was talking to the CEO of American Express…” I gave my go-to answer: I am a professional writing and English literature student. I read and I write. Thus, In the first two minutes of my interview with Dr. Rupert I refused a grad-school promising soda, verified that I was literate, and filled my flustered quota for a week. “Oh, that’s wonderful,” said Dr. Rupert, “To the extent that I’ve interacted with students [at SAU] I’ve been delighted. I would like to do something like [sitting in on classrooms], with the professors’ permission of course, but I’m just now having the opportunity to meet the faculty in the different departments, so it’s early days for that.” Dr. Rupert said she was born in Florida to military parents. She spent her childhood traveling up and down the East Coast as well as in Germany and France. “I used to say I missed the good stuff,” said Dr. Rupert, “because before I was born my parents were in India and China.”

She went to school in New England, including Yale, and took a job in the religion department of Central Michigan University (a job that would eventually lead her to SAU). She worked at the Texas Research Associates Corporation on projects including compiling an international catalog of Generally Recognized as Safe food additives “before anything was computerized.” She also worked for American Express. “I was on a team that was supposed to last for 18 months,” said Dr. Rupert. “I ended up spending 18 years there.” She became a Senior Vice President and eventually the company’s first Ombudsperson, a position specifically created to harbor a safe, anonymous line for employees to report their concerns about any aspects of the company’s workings. Dr. Rupert’s favorite travel memory of her time at American Express was at a business meeting in France. She knew she had a military engagement as soon as she got back from the trip, so the only clothes she had packed were her suit for the meeting and her uniform for the military engagement.

school. So I went to his office and asked if I could borrow $20 to get me through the week. He was very gracious about it,” said Dr. Rupert. Her advice to students would be to “allow yourself to explore a bit to discover what you really love [in a job].” As one who originally planned to be a physicist, got a degree in church history and spent a large part of her life in managerial positions, Dr. Rupert knows a bit about changing her mind. She loves that liberal arts educations give students variety and helps them be open to different types of study. As to her new job position, Dr. Rupert said, “I’m truly delighted to be here. I truly believe that this is a calling from God for me to be here to participate in Spring Arbor being the institution that he wants it to be for his kingdom and his glory; and that’s why I’m particularly delighted to be here.”

She got a call from American Express saying they had decided to prolong the trip for a break on the French Riviera. Dr. Rupert had been invited to stay in the home of some friends of the company. “I already had plans to get my bathing suit,” said Dr. Rupert, “but by the time I arrived and was directed to my guest room the closet had been filled with clothing just my size. And I thought ‘I’m going to have a good weekend.’” However, she’s experienced more than just the “amusement value of working at American Express.” Dr. Rupert said, “I have a lot of respect for students who don’t think they can pay for school.” She said after leaving grad school she got a job but had little money and was once between paychecks and hadn’t eaten for four days. “The only person I knew there was the president of the



Roses are red, violets are blue...



Feb. 14 is here, what are you going to do?


hether you regard it as Love Day, Saint Valentine’s Day or Singles Awareness Day, you know the date: Feb. 14.

To some, it’s just another day spent studying or working. Junior Timothy Rohrer said, “I have a date with the Cougar Den.” Some don’t even observe the coined “Hallmark holiday.” “Honestly, Valentine’s Day means about as much to me as Groundhog Day - fun, but usually not worth taking extra time and money to celebrate,” said sophomore Erin Myhre. Many students plan to spend time in fellowship with close friends, even if they do have a special fella or a lovely lady.

of romance instead of genuine ones,” said sophomore Kayla Chenault. “If someone loves you, they should show it every day and not just because chocolate hearts are on sale.”

Of the nearly 1,600 on-campus students who attend Spring Arbor University (SAU), 30 were surveyed and only 12 of those had any knowledge of Saint Valentine.

Remember to appreciate those people around you who would sacrifice their invaluable time to simply talk with you.

“I would love to see a return to the way St. Valentine did things. Commercial holidays based on Christian charity are silly,” said senior Zachariah Deitrich.

“It can be about friends or just anyone you love, and not just in a romantic way. I think that just your mindset and perspective can make or break Valentine’s Day,” said junior Julie Keehn. And you don’t need to wait until Feb. 14 to show someone you care. “Wouldn’t it be more special if they did that on any day out of the blue and not on a day that is designed for love?” said sophomore Amy Drohan.

“I personally feel that Valentine’s Day is a little contrived. I think it leads to obligatory gestures

ds l. My frien ia c e p s y tt as pre ted to ne’s Day w thers, but we wan ti n le a V up t “Las nificant o e dressed ig w s o o s n y a d d a li arlour and I h the ho n to the P et celebrate e d th n , a ll a n u m f we m have to the e Parlour, and went th y c t a n a e f r r e U 20 e w sup hile we oing to SA d W g . e m il a h e r w c t hile an for ice had me uple that em for a w went o th c r e to ld d e o this e talk e, we s earlier. W were ready to leav d taken r a e y 0 3 r o ha we left. When at the older couple then they th t .” found ou bill for us r u o to pay and f o e car rsons - Tania Pa

significant other, “Although I have a ating together; we won’t be celebr feelings about he agrees with my of us will be Valentine’s and both d, a few friends busy anyway. Instea valentines and and I are exchanging ther to celebrate eating desserts toge ve.” camaraderie and lo - Kayla Chenault


Christ calls us to love all people. Valentine’s Day is a perfect opportunity to show gratitude to your peers and remind them of Christ’s love. “Choose to make a difference... be everyone’s Valentine this year,” said sophomore Grace Johnson. And for post-Valentine’s Day treats, visit grocery stores beginning Feb. 15 and snatch up candy for upwards of 50% off its original price.

“I am cur work ing in rently dati ng a w A a pac onde kage laska, so rf meal. m w I will ith a flam y plans in ul woman eless clude dress ca up an m d [hav ndle [and] ailing e i n ] a Sk din ype c stant - Pau ner.” a n dle-lit l McK inley

“When I was growing up, celebrated V we alentine’s Day at school by passing out fr iendly notes to the class. Simple, inno cent reminde rs of how great that pe rson is.” - Grace John son

feature Office space: the curious corner of Bobby Pratt


ne of my early questions when interviewing Bobby Pratt, assistant dean of students at Spring Arbor University (SAU), about his very unique office space was, “Is that a microwave inside an antique TV?” If you’ve ever been to Pratt’s office, you will probably know that my question isn’t as strange as it seems. Bizarre but undeniably fascinating objects litter nearly every surface of his office. The few that can be identified range from architectural prints to a rather porous toy of Jabba the Hut. In an attempt to understand and maybe categorize the contents of Pratt’s cabinet of curiosities, “The Pulse” bravely entered the realm of the strange and mysterious. The Pulse (T.P.): If you had to give a theme to your office, what would you call it? That is, if you have a theme for such an eclectic space. Pratt (B.P.): Yeah, I think that would be the sort of theme, eclectic. They’re really just things I’ve picked up traveling or been given or maybe just seen and thought was really interesting. T.P.: Let’s start with the masks hanging on the wall behind your desk. Are those from travels?

B.P.: Yeah, most are from my travels. One’s from Haiti, one’s from Africa, another’s from Costa Rica. That big one in the middle was actually my grandfather’s and was passed down to me. T.P.: What about on that shelf ? You have a collection of Coke bottles, and are those ping pong paddles?



cabinet (not a microwave). People always come in and say ‘what is that,’ but it’s nice because if I have young kids in here, I‘ll just find a cartoon online and put it on that screen and they just sit right in front of it to watch while they wait. T.P.: Do you have a favorite thing in your office?

B.P.: They are. The Coke bottles are really just ones I’ve picked up traveling or other people have brought me when they traveled. Some people get really into collecting Coke things. I don’t necessarily, I just grab the bottles I really like. And the ping pong paddles? I really enjoy playing ping pong. This one (Pratt picked up a single heavylooking, metallic paddle) someone actually gave to me. It’s rather old and appears to be made out of aluminum.

B.P.: Well, everything in here I really like in some way. I have this great Jabba the Hut figure I found at a garage sale. It’s probably worth something now, I don’t know. Oh, this is great (He lifted a wooden head from the top shelf). I found this at a flea market or somewhere. It was used in a haberdashery to hold hats. That sign in the corner is the street sign that used to be in front of [Andrews] Hall. When they built [what was called] University Hall they put a new street sign up, so it’s like a bit of SAU history.

T.P.: Do you have a certain thing in your room that people comment on the most?

T.P.: So, if there was a fire down here, what five things would you grab?

B.P.: Well, that. (Pratt gestured at the old television that I had previously thought to have a microwave in the bottom). It’s a Motorola 1950s TV. I took the guts out of it and put a monitor connected to my computer in where the screen would have been. I also put a mini fridge below in the speaker

B.P.: Oh, probably the masks. They have a lot of value to me. They mark places I’ve been and memories. But there are a lot of things I have in here that I like because of that.

Do you know a professor on campus who would be great for March’s Office Space article? Maybe they have a quirky collection or a strange invention in their office. E-mail with your suggestions and input.


opinion Four letter identities



NFP. ESTJ. These letters and the connotations they carry are familiar to many people on Spring Arbor University (SAU)’s campus. Most students took the Myers-Briggs test during CORE 100. Are you a thinker or a feeler? Are you a perceiver or a judger? Perhaps the one distinction that stands out from the rest is: are you an introvert or an extrovert?

Culture informs us that happiness is obtaining as much money as you can and being surrounded by as many people as you can. In this scheme of things, there is no room for someone who would rather spend the evening watching movies at home than hitting the party scene. You must be constantly going, achieving and socializing if you want to reach that dangling apple of happiness.

I promise this isn’t one of those “let’s list the strengths of each and try to force them to love each other” pieces. But I do think this campus demonstrates a significant social stigma toward introversion. In a place where nearly every piece of programming contains the word “community,” social interaction is definitely a focus.

The culture of SAU is a great one; don’t get me wrong. The sense of community and belonging here is something that is rarely created anywhere else. However, from the moment freshmen step on campus, they are immediately pressured into a mold.

Don’t try to deny it. In pretty much any conversation about the Myers-Briggs test, the introvert/extrovert factor is the primary focus. If anyone dares to cross over the 50% introvert line, everyone else feels the compulsion to share their degree of extroversion. Anything above a 70% introversion and you go on your peer adviser’s watchlist because, obviously, social status and extroversion are intricately linked. Before anyone gets offended, let it be established that I am personally in the middle ground, 52-48 introvert to extrovert, and I have successfully lived on both sides. There are merits and downfalls to both. However, extroversion is viewed much more positively than introversion. Take Christmas break for example. In the rush of moving back to SAU after break and the beginning of interim, the most bantered question was, “How was your break?” If I answered with a list of all the parties and gift exchanges and late night ice cream runs I participated in, I was met with a smile and a ready exchange. If I shared how much I enjoyed being home alone for the first three days and reading books, I was met with an uncomfortable silence. You only need to look around to see that society values extroversion. In many business and job situations, having a people-friendly, on-the-go demeanor will get you far. But I think it goes deeper, to the core of the American dream itself the pursuit of happiness.




As a freshman, I thought campus events were almost mandatory. If you didn’t go to every single event and mingle, you would somehow get tossed out and rejected from the community. If, heaven forbid, you go to lunch by yourself one time, you are in need of a social skills intervention. Everything is focused on molding freshmen into peppy, mingling extroverts, because that is the only way to achieve the model college experience. Again, don’t take this wrong. I think that the freshmen program does great things, and it definitely helps freshmen adjust and integrate into the larger SAUsphere, but it tends to push toward a one-size-fits-all standard. I have many deep friendships on this campus. And yes, some of them were developed from going to coffee houses and bowling nights and ice skating. But some

of them were also developed from skipping these events and staying up all night talking over ice cream and a movie. One-on-one lunch dates create a deeper sense of friendship and closeness than occupying a giant table with 15 people day after day ever could. So where am I going with all of this? Introverts are not failed extroverts. They are their own people. The new focus of SAU is “live on purpose.” Whatever we do, be it academic, spiritual or social, should be on purpose. You don’t have to be the smiling, model social center surrounded constantly by your group of friends to do it. Whoever you are, however you relate, you can do so on purpose.

opinion The culture of modesty


s with all opinion pieces, let me remind you that this opinion in no way representative of the beliefs or opinions of “The Pulse” or Spring Arbor University. This is simply my opinion on this issue in an attempt to see it in a new light. You may have already gathered from the title that the issue I am so hesitant bring up is modesty. Wait! Don’t leave! I know many people reading this article have grown up in the church and, especially if you are a female, have heard about this subject so many times that you would rather be doing very painful things than reading yet another article on modesty. Others may be wary of the subject because it seems to be just another yardstick Christians use to judge others. I am not here to give any rules or cast any judgments. I am here to consider modesty from a cultural viewpoint. Growing up, it felt like every Christian camp and Bible study for girls always included a talk about modesty. It was always the same: you are all beautiful; you need to respect yourselves and your brothers in Christ; to do so dress modestly. They all stood under Emma Watson’s banner, who said, “The less you reveal, the more people can wonder.” However, it was what came next that really struck a raw point in my heart. Next would come the helpful suggestions about modesty. “If you place you hands down by your sides, your shorts must be longer than you middle finger … no cleavage … if a guy sees a bra strap, he will picture the whole thing, so hide it … wearing a tank top? Be sure to double layer it so it doesn’t ride up when you raise your arms.” Hear me out; I have nothing against these helpful hints or guidelines, but I do think they can give people the wrong impression. By implying that there are “right guidelines” it is also implying that there are “wrong guidelines.” I think the whole idea of guidelines is looking at the whole issue from the wrong angle. I grew up outside of the United States in India. My church was built in the colonial era and had

not changed in the 200 years since. I say this to emphasize that this church was highly traditional, dare I even say conservative. The women of the church were devoted women of God who covered their heads with their scarves during prayer. They came to church dressed in their best saris. Saris are the traditional dress of India consisting of a long strip of material that is wrapped around the waist and then draped over the shoulder. It left their stomachs completely bare. These women were in no way immodest, but if we were to compare them to the western standard of modesty taught to middle school girls, they would appear that way. Modesty is completely dependent upon culture and social norms. Modesty cannot be and never has been about a set of guidelines ... or dare I say rules. Telling a young girl that showing her midriff is wrong is not only unbiblical but also casts judgment upon entire cultures. In some cultures, showing above the knees is scandalous while in coastal areas swimsuits are everyday attire. The entire concept of what is “scandalous” and what “turns people on” is very much entangled within social upbringing and culture.


of Thailand. My teacher, a Thai Christian, gave this disclaimer: traditional Lanna Thai culture women did not wear tops but were excessively modest in wearing long skirts. A majority of traditional Thai art depicts women without tops. This was never a problem until Thailand began opening up to tourism in the late 1900s. Thailand began to attract a large number of men. All of a sudden the topless women became an issue where it had never been before. I say all this to make the point that our idea of what is scandalous or improper is a highly cultural and social issue. Modesty has nothing to do with the amount of skin that is shown but rather what is respectable within the culture you are in. If people saw modesty as something beyond what can be measured with a ruler, I would hope they would not be so quick to judge.

I know many of you may be saying that one of the main purposes of modesty is to protect our brothers in Christ from stumbling. What I am about to say I am in no way justifying or commenting upon that; I am simply laying out a fact. For thousands of years cultures in Africa and Asia did not require women to wear tops, and these cultures still functioned. I think it is a dishonor to men to treat them as animals who cannot control their urges. These societies functioned and thrived and had advanced kingdoms. I spent my high school years in Thailand. For one of my Thai language classes we watched a documentary on the ancient kingdom


sports PEDs changing baseball


t the end of January, the Baseball Writer’s Association of America failed to elect any members to the Baseball Hall of Fame.

The next day, the front page of the sports section on “The New York Times” only had the headline, “Welcome to Cooperstown.” The rest of the page was blank until an article about Washington Redskins’ quarterback Robert Griffin III’s injury during the playoffs. This is the second time in the last 40 years and the first time since 1996 that a player did not receive the 75 percent of votes required for induction. The question that lingers over the entire situation is: what role do steroids play in this? Sammy Sosa, Barry Bonds and Mark McGuire were all members of this year’s Hall of Fame class. They are just a few of the players who have verified rumors that at one point in their careers they used steroids. Jose Canseco’s book, “Juiced” was the first to reveal the use of performanceenhancing drugs (PEDs) in baseball. Major League Baseball (MLB) has been trying to eliminate the use of steroids, which have been banned since 1991. MLB has tested for PEDs since 2003. In 2003, the rules for PED testing included one random test per player per year. There would be no punishment for the first year. In 2004, the rules changed. Players would have two tests that would be given without any prior warning. There would be a first test and a follow up test up seven days later. If the player tested positive he would be treated for steroids use. If the player under this treatment failed again, he would be subject to discipline: a suspension from an initial 15 days with a $10,000 fine to one year with a $100,000 fine. There were more changes made in 2005, including that a player who tested positive for the first time would be suspended for 10 days and his name would be released to the public. A 30-day suspension without


pay would be applied for the next offense, 60 days for the third offense and one year for the fourth. Alex Sanchez was the first player to receive a steroid suspension. There have been more changes to the rules about steroids since 2005, but then this article would just be a list of rules (how exciting!). The most significant and noted change is that the punishment for a first time offender is a 50-game suspension. Melky Cabrera, who at the time played for the San Francisco Giants, received one of these suspensions in the 2012 season. His suspension was issued just weeks after being named the Most Valuable Player of the All-Star game. Within the week, there was another suspension issued to Bartolo Colon, a pitcher for the Oakland Athletics.


Baseball season is now upon us. Pitchers and catchers have reported for their first workouts. Spring training games begin in a week and there has been news of a PED clinic with links to some of the most famous athletes in the MLB including Ryan Braun and Alex Rodriguez. As a baseball fan, this unnerves me. The game where players like Babe Ruth, Ty Cobb, Hank Aaron and Jackie Robinson made themselves household names without steroids is being tainted. Sometimes it’s hard to escape these things, but the game is different than it used to be. Baseball is very much a part of the American sports culture. With PEDs being part of baseball, that makes steroids a part of the American sports culture. We are now watching our favorite players get suspended for using PEDs. We’re seeing records being displayed with asterisks because of the steroid use by the player who broke it. This isn’t good for the children who grew up with Bonds, Sosa, McGuire, Cabrera, Braun and Rodriguez as their role models. These players’ association with steroids is likely to cause those children to be tempted to use them as well when the time comes for them to achieve their dreams of being professional athletes. Children should be able to love the game and excel at it because of their talents, not because they are taking drugs that make them better performers. I believe the MLB is taking the right steps to help with the prevention of PEDs and steroids throughout the league, but at times when news like this clinic is discovered those steps just don’t seem like enough. A lasting impression has been made. Some children’s role models are taking drugs to be better performers to learn more money. The Hall of Fame is without new members because of the effects of the steroid era. Baseball is a changing game and I’m not certain I like the direction it’s headed.


Men’s basketball

Women’s basketball

Team 1 Spring Arbor 25 University Mount Vernon 29 Nazarene University

2 44

Total 69



Team 1 Mount Vernon 15 Nazarene University Spring Arbor 28 University

Next game: Feb. 16 at Huntington University, 3 p.m.







Next game: Feb. 16 vs. Huntington University, 1 p.m.

Intramural calendar February: 18 - 21 Volleyball tournament 25 - 28 Basketball season March: 4 - 7 Basketball season 18 - 21 Basketball season 25 - 27 Basketball tournament

For detailed game summaries, visit Podcasts about SAU athletics are available on Facebook by searching for “The SAU Breakdown”


The PULSE Official Newspaper of Ron Kopicko

website: twitter: @saupulse

February 15 2013  
February 15 2013