Page 1

th≠Xv

tkmjy-enÃv ]cn-lm-c-߃

CS-Xp-]£ A[n-Im-chpw {]Xo-£-Ifpw

a \pjy-i-co-c-Ønse Hc-h-bhw ssItbm, Imtem, Xetbm, GsX-¶nepw H∂v `oam-Im-c-ambn hf-cp-∂Xv Hcp amcI tcmK-am-Wv. Cu alm-tcm-K-sØ hf¿®-bmbn Icp-Xp-∂-h¿°v tIcfw `cn-°m≥ tbmKy-X-bn-s√-∂mWv Cu sXc-s™-Sp-∏n¬ P\-߃ hn[n-sb-gp-Xn-bX - v. hnI-k\ - s - a∂ t]cn¬ BtKmfIp-Ø-I-Iƒ°pw A©mdv apX-em-fn-am¿°pw hf-cm-\p≈ sN∏-Sn-hn-Zy-bp-ambn \mS-I-am-Sn-b-hsc P\w Xncn-®-dn™v ]d-™-b-®n-cn-°p-∂p. `c-W-Iq-S-Øn\v "t]meokv DtZym-K-ta-bp-≈q-'sh∂v {]Jym-]n-®-h-tcmSv ASn-ÿm\ a\p-jymh-iy-߃ \nd-th-t‰-≠Xv `c-W-Iq-S-am-sW∂v tIc-fo-b¿ adp-]Sn ]d-™n-cn°p-∂p. kakvX P\-hn-`m-K-ß-tfmSpw kzbw hf¿t∂m-fm≥ [n°m-c-]q¿Δw Blzm\w sNbvX-h-tcbpw, JP-\m-hns‚ AXn-cp-Iƒt]mepw am¥n-s∏m-fn®v Xn∂p-h-f¿∂-h-scbpw P\-߃ sXc-™p-]n-Sn®v tXm¬∏n-®p. tIc-f-Ønse CS-Xp-]-£-hn-Pbw Gsd {]Xo-£-Iƒ \¬Ip-∂-Xns‚ ImcWw CsXm-s°bm-Wv. aqe-[-\-غp-cm-°-fpsS B⁄m-\p-h¿Øn-I-fm-ImsX, e`n® A[nImcw AX¿ln-°p-∂-h¿°v th≠n hn\n-tbm-Kn-°-s∏-Sp-∂p-sh∂v Dd-∏p-h-cpØ-I-bmWv C\n th≠-Xv. IpØ-I-ap-X-em-fnØw \nc-¥cw Nh-®p-Xp-∏p∂ a\p-jy¿°v AXn-Po-hn-°m\pw {]Xn-tcm-[n-°m-\p-ap≈ Bfl-hn-izmkw \¬Iphm≥ Cu Kh¨sa‚n\v Ign-b-Ww. A[n-Im-chpw `c-Whpw al-Ømb Hcp kmaq-ly-kw-hn-[m-\-{Iaw ]Sp-Øpb¿Øm-\p≈ ka-cm-bp-[-amsW∂v Ipcp-Xp-∂-h¿°v R߃ Cu {]tXyI e°w ka¿∏n-°p-∂p. 15˛06-˛2006

P E O P L E

I¨ho-\¿.

A G A I N S T

G L O B A L I S A T I O N

BtKm-f-h¬°-c-W-Øn-s\-Xnsc PAG Bulletin

45-46

P\-߃

Vol. No. 2/3, Issue No. 12 & 1, April & May 2006


CS-Xp-]£ A[n-Im-cw.....

FUn-täm-dn-bÂ

th≠Xv

tkmjy-enÃv ]cn-lm-c-߃

]m¿en- s a‚n¬ aq∂n- s em∂v AwK- _ ew t]mep- a n- √ mØ tIm¨{Kkv \bn-°p∂ \yq\-]-£-k¿°m-cmWv cmPyw `cn°p-∂-Xv. CS-Xp-]£ ]n≥Xp-W-bn-em-Wv tI{μ-`-cWw \ne\n¬°p-∂-Xv. cmPym-[n-Imcw _n.sP.]n.bn¬ sN∂p tNcm-Xncn-°m≥ am{X-ap≈ {]iv\m-[n-„nX ]n¥p-W-bm-W-Xv. `cWw \S-Øp-∂-h-cpsS kmº-ØnI \b-ß-tfmSv hntbm-Pn®psIm≠p≈ sFIy-s∏-S¬ thsdm-c¿∞-Øn¬ ]d-™m¬ ]m¿ensa‚n-\-IØv kmt¶-Xn-I-]n¥pW am{X-am-Wv, CS-Xp-]£w \¬Ip-∂-Xv. tI{μ `cWw \bn-°p∂ tIm¨{K-kn-s‚-bpw, Ahsc ]pd-Øp-\n∂v ]n¥p-W-°p∂ CS-Xp-]-£-Øn-s‚bpw \b-k-ao-]-\-߃ P\-lnX ]cn-tim-[-\°v hnt[-b-am-°nb sXc-s™-Sp-∏m-bn-cp∂p C°pdn _wKm-fnepw tIc-fØ - nepw \S∂-Xv. Cu bp≤-Øn¬ P\-߃ CS-Xp-]-£-\-b-߃°v ]n∂nem-sW∂v {]Jym-]n®p. AXp-sIm-≠p-Xs∂ tIm¨{Kkv Kh¨sa‚ v ]n≥Xp-S-cp∂ BtKm-f-h¬°-cW \b-߃s°Xn-cmb P\-hn-[n-bm-Wn-Xv. BtKm-f-aq-e-[\ hyh-ÿ°pw AhcpsS C¥y≥ Z√mƒam¿°p-sa-Xn-cmb P\-Iob sNdp-Øp\n¬∏mWv sXc-s™-Sp∏v ^e-Øn¬ {]Xn-^e - n-°p-∂X - v. Xo¿®bmbpw Cu hnPbw; \nc-h[n {]Xo-£-Iƒ°v Imc-W-am-hp∂Xv Cu ]›m-Ø-e-Øn-em-Wv. kwÿm-\Øv CS-Xp-]£w A[n-Im-c-ta-‰-tXmsS ]pXnb tIcfw ]nd-∂p-sh∂pw P\-Po-hnXw amdn-a-dn-bp-sa∂pw Icp-Xp∂-h-cp-≠v. Hcp kwÿm\ A[n-Im-c-Øns‚ ]cn-an-Xn-I-sfs¥∂v Adn-bm-Ø-h¿°v am{Xsa Aßs\ Icp-Xm-\m-hq... tZiob {]mtZ-inI kºZv LS-\-Iƒ°v ta¬ A¥m-cm{„ aqe[\ hyhÿ sNep-Øp∂ kzm[o\w Xncn-®-dn-bm-Ø-h¿°pw Cu "[mc-W-'bn-se-Øm≥ Ah-Im-i-ap-≠v. BtKmf Itºmf hyh-ÿ°p Iog-S-ßn-bp≈ ]cn-an-X-kw-ÿm\ A[n-Im-c߃sIm≠v ]cn-l-cn-°m-hp∂ kmaqly {]Xn-k-‘n-Iƒ am{XamWv \Ωp-tS-sX∂v Icp-Xp-∂-h-cn¬ \n∂pw Cu {]Xn-I-c-W߃ kzm`m-hn-I-amWv Xm\pw! AsX-¥m-bmepw temI-am-sIbp≈ km[m-c-W-a-\p-jysc Iq´-°p-cpXn sNøp∂ ]pXnb tImf\n hmgvN-bpsS IS-∂m-{I-a-W-߃ sNdp-°m≥ Cu sXcs™-Sp∏v hnPbw klm-bn-t°-≠-XmWv cm{„ob A[n-Im-cØns‚ ]n≥_-e-tØmsS BtKm-f-aq-e-[-\-hy-h-ÿ-s°-Xnsc {]Xym-{I-aWw \S-Øm-\p≈ km[y-X-Ifpw Cu hnPbw Xpd∂n-Sp-∂p-≠v. Pohn-®n-cn-°p-I-sb∂ {]mY-anI IS-a-t]mepw t]mcmSn t\tS-≠n-h-cp∂ ImeØv AXn-Po-h\ ka-c-߃°v Icp-tØ-Ip-I-sb-∂Xv Hcp "apX-em-fnØ ]cn-lm-c-a√'; tkmjyenÃv AP-≠-bmWv! `c-W-Iq-S-Øns‚ Zp¿_e IÆn-I-fn-sem∂mb kwÿm\ A[n-Im-c-Øn\v, Cu AP-≠-bp-≠mhp∂Xp Xs∂ hen-sbmcp apt∂-‰a - mWv kr„n-°p-Is - b∂v R߃ IcpXp-∂p. \nc-¥-c-am-bn, {]tXy-In®pw Ign™ H∂c Zim-–-ambn km[m-cW a\p-jycpw I¿j-I-cp-sa√mw kz¥w X´-I-ß-fn¬ \n∂pw {Iqc-ambn ASn-®n-d° - s - ∏-´p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-Ib - m-Wv. A£c-Øns‚ Ah-Imiw apX¬ ]Wn-sb-Sp-°m-\p≈ P∑m-h-Imiw hsc apX-em-fnØw ]nSn-s®-Sp-Øp-sIm-≠n-cn-°p∂p! hnZym¿∞nIƒ apX¬ I¿j-I¿hsc Bfl-l-Xy-bn-e-`bw tXSp∂p! Ign™ ]Øp-h¿jw sIm≠v Cßs\ B´n-bn-d-°-s∏-´-h-cn¬ Hcp e£w t]¿ Bfl-l-Xy- sNbvXpsh∂ tZiob `c-W-IqSw Xs∂ \n¿÷o-h-ambn IW-°-h-X-cn-∏n-°p∂p! {]Xn-h¿jw 2

tIcfw ˛ sR´n∏n°p∂ Nne Is≠ØepIƒ 

  

tIcfØnse kºØns‚ 42% Db¿∂ hcpam\°mcmb 10% t]cptSXmWv. G‰hpw Xmgv∂ hcpam\°mcmb 10% \v 1.3% kºØns‚ AhImitabp≈q. NnIn’m sNehv G‰hpw IqSpXep≈ kwÿm\amWv tIcfw. Zcn{Z¿, AhcpsS hcpam\Øns‚ 35 iX- a m\w NnIn’m Bhiy߃°v am‰n hbvt°≠n hcp∂p. tIcfØn¬ G‰hptasd sXmgn¬ i‡n tI{μoIcn°s∏´n´p≈Xv Im¿jnI taJebnemWv. 18.86 e£w I¿jI sXmgnemfnIƒ ChnsSbp≠v. I¿jI sXmgnemfnIfn¬ 35.5 iX-am\hpw ]ca Zcn{ZcmWv. k¿°m¿ DtZymKÿcn¬ 86 iX-am\hpw a[yh¿§amWv. tIcfØnse {KmaoWcn¬ 23 iXam\hpw \KchmknIfn¬ 21 iXam\hpw Zmcn{ZytcJ °Snbn¬ Ignbp∂hcmWv . samØw 22.5 iXam\w. {KmahmknIfpsS {]Xnio¿j {]Xnamk PohnXNnehv 1059 cq]bpw \Kc P\kaqlØnt‚Xv 1397 cq]bpamWv. tIcfØn¬ 9% Db¿∂ a[yh¿§hpw kº∂cpap≈t∏mƒ 41 iXam\w t]¿ Xmgv∂ a[yh¿§amWv. Ahtijn°p∂ 50% Bhs´ Zcn{Zcmbn FÆmhp∂ hfsc Xmgv∂ CSØc°mcSßnb ]mhßfmWv. P\kwJytb hcpam\mSnÿm\Øn¬ c≠mbn Xncn®m¬ Db¿∂ 50% 82.2% kºØpw DSaIfpw adp`mKw (50%) 17.2 iXam\w kºØpamWv ssIImcyw sNøp∂Xv. tIcfØnse 52.6% t]¿ tkh\ taJebn¬ ]Wn-sb-SpØv Pohn°p∂p. 28.6% t]cmWv Im¿jnI taJe sXmgnen\mbn sXcs™Sp Øn´p≈Xv. sXmgn¬ ]¶mfnØØn¬, samØw P\kwJy, am\Zfiam°nbm¬ ]pcpj∑m¿ 53.5% hpw kv{XoIƒ 13.1 iXam\hpamWv. Im¿jnItaJebn¬ 28.6 iXam\hpw hymhkmbnI taJebn¬ 18.8% hpw tkh\ taJebn¬ 52.6 iXam\hpambn sXmgn¬ i‡n hn\ykn°s∏´ncn°p∂p. PEOPLE AGAINST GL OBALISA TION GLOBALISA OBALISATION

BtKm-f-h¬°-c-W-Øn-s\-Xnsc P\-߃


{]Xo-£-Iƒ..... sh√p-hn-fn-Iƒ.

th≠Xv tkmjy-enÃv ]cn-lm-c-߃..... ]Xn-\m-bn-c-ßsf sIms∂m-Sp-°p∂ Cu A[n-\n-thiw apX-emfnØw Bcw-`n® aq∂mw temI-a-lm-bp-≤-am-sW∂v Xncn-®-dn-bphm≥ \ΩpsS cm{„ob t\Xr-Xz-߃°v C\nbpw Ign-bmsX t]mIp-∂p-sh-∂Xv AXy¥w tJZ-I-c-amWv! AsX-¥m-bmepw, \nc-¥-c-ambn A\m-Y-am-°-s∏-´p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p∂ a\p-jy¿°v AXn-Po-hn-°p-hm-\p≈ i‡n \¬Ip-Ibpw Ahsc ]p\xc[n-hkn-∏n°p-Ibpw sNøp-hm≥ CS-Xp-]£ Kh¨sa‚n-\m-hp-sa-¶n¬ Xs∂ tIcfw IrXm¿∞-am-hpw. kwL¿j Iep-jn-X-am-sbmcp kaq-l-Øn\v apI-fn¬ kwL¿j cln-X-amb A[n-Im-chpw AXns‚ ASp-°-fbpw ÿm]n-°-s∏Sp-sa∂v Icp-Xp-∂-h-tcmSv ho≠pw kl-X-]n-°p-Itb \n¿Δm-lap≈p! `c-Wm-[n-Imcw aqe-[\ hmgvN-s°-Xn-cmb ka-cm-bp-[-am°p-tºmƒ kº-∂h - ¿§-Øns‚ {]Xn-tcm-[ß - ƒ°v Bbncw ap\I-fp-≠m-hp-sa-∂Xv \mw A\p-`-hn-®-dn-bp-∂p-≠v. ISpØ NqjW-Øn-\m-bp≈ aqe-[-\-Øns‚ \ne-hn-fn-Iƒ Nne-t∏mƒ P\m-[n-]-Xy-Øn\pw ]ucm-h-Im-i-߃°pw, F¥n-\v, tkmjyen-k-Øn-\p-th-≠n-t∏m-ep-ap-≈-Xm-sW∂v tXm∂n-t∏m-hp∂ hn[Øn¬ Nne {]tbm-K-am-Xr-I-Iƒ sIm≠v kº-∂-am-hm-dp-ap≠v... alm-`q-cn-]-£-Øn\v acn-°m-\p≈ Ah-Im-i-a√, Bflm`n-am-\-tØmsS Pohn-°m-\p≈ kzmX-{¥y-amWv bYm¿∞ P\m[n-]Xyw \¬tI-≠sX∂v \ap°v Hm¿°mw. Cu Xncn-®-dnhv Db¿Øn-hn-Sp∂ kwL¿j-߃ alm-`q-cn-]-£-Øn\m-bp≈ hnI-k\ _Z-ep-Iƒ kr„n-°m≥ `c-WI - q-SsØ \n¿_‘n-X-am-°pw. Ime-ß-fmbn XWp-Øpd™p I´]nSn® apX-emfnØ ]cn-lm-c-߃ ]eXpw Cf-°n-am-‰m≥ Imc-W-am-hp-∂Xv Cu kwL¿j-`c - n-Xa - mb `c-Wa - m-Wv. ]pXnb tIc-fhpw ]pXnb kaq-lhpw kr„n-°p-hm≥ tbmKy-amb kmaq-ly-hn-π-h-Øn\v Cu kwL¿j-ßfpw AXp-≠m-°p∂ P\-Iob _Z-ep-Ifpw CØn-cn-sh´sa¶nepw sNmcnbpsa∂v R߃ Icp-Xp-∂p. P\kw-Jy-bpsS 90% hcp∂ Zcn-{Z-cpsS tIcfw CS-Xp-]-£-`-c-WØn¬\n∂v C{X-bp-am-Wv {]Xo-£n-°p-∂Xv. thsdmcp cq]-Øn¬ ]d-™m¬, tIcfw tXSp-∂Xv shdpw apX-em-fnØ ]cn-lm-c-ßf-√. \ndw-am-dnb DtZym-K-ÿ-hr-μ-tØtbm A[n-Imc Z√mƒamtctbm A√! _Z¬ hyhÿ s\©n-te-‰p∂ ]mN-I-°m-scbmWv \mw At\z-jn-°p-∂-Xv. ]gb Idn-I-fpsS [mcm-fnØa√; ]cn-an-X-sa-¶nepw ]pXnb Iq´p Idn-I-fpsS cqNnbpw K‘-hp-amWv. Npcp-°-Øn¬ Pohn-X-Øns‚ kakvX taJ-e-I-fnepw KpW]-c-amb am‰-߃°v th≠n-bp≈ kpXm-cyhpw P\m-[n-]-Xy-]-chp-amb At\z-j-W-Øn\v CS-Xp-]£ A[n-Im-c-Øn\v Ign-bp∂n-s√-¶n¬, Cu A[n-Imcw BtKm-f-aq-e-[-\-Øns‚ Hcp I]-Sap-J-am-bn-cn°pw FSp-Ø-Wn-bp-∂Xv ! am‰-߃s°-Xnscbp≈ \ne-]m-Sp-Ifpw tIhe]cn-jvIm-c-ßsf "am‰'ßfmbn s]cp-∏n-°p∂ \b-ßfpa√ \ap°v th≠Xv. kmaqly am‰sØ s\©n-te-‰p-Ibpw {]tNm-Zn-∏n-°p-Ibpw sNøp∂ Hcp `c-WI - q-SØ - ns‚ kmaq-lnI CS-s]-Se - mWv tIcfw CS-Xp-]-£-Øn¬ \n∂v {]Xo-£n-°p-∂-Xv. AXv bmYm-∞y-amhm≥ BtKmf aqe-[-\-hy-h-ÿ-bpsS Nnd-In-e-√, AXns‚ NndI-cn™p hogvØm≥ {XmWn-bp≈ a\p-jy-cpsS ssII-fn-emWv Cu A[n-Imcw bm{X sNtø-≠-Xv. Aßs\ kw`-hn-®m¬ C∂sØ kmaqly kwL¿j-߃°p≈ bYm¿∞ ]cn-lmcw apX-em-fnØ ]cn-lm-c-ß-f-√∂pw tkmjy-enÃv apt∂-‰-ß-fmsW∂pwv P\-߃ Xncn-®-dn-™p-sIm-≈pw..... ]pXnb Kh¨sa‚n\v AXn\p Ign-bp-sa∂v ]n.F.-Pn. Icp-Xp-∂p....... 15þ06--þ2006 I¬ho-\À 3

sXmgnseSp°p∂hcpsS CSbn¬ thX\Ønse kv{Xo]pcpj AkaXzw `oIcamWv. taJe {]mYanItaJe Irjn hymhkmbnIw tkh\cwKw

s]¨ B¨ 1185 cq] 2560 cq] 1146 cq] 3510 cq] 3570 cq] 4216 cq]

tIcfobcpsS sXmgn¬ LS\bpw hcpam\hpw FÆw amkhcpam\w e£Øn¬ cq-]-bn¬ 1. Im¿jnI sXmgnemfn 18.86 1576 2. I¿jI¿ 10.20 3599 3 I®hSw/IS°m¿ 7.63 4408 4. \n¿ΩmW sXmgnemfn 6.99 2223 5. ]cºcmKX hyhkmb sXmgnemfn 6.05 1443 6. ss{Uh¿am¿ 4.16 3063 7. A[ym]I¿˛kvIqƒ 3.62 6269 8. hyhkmbsXmgnemfn-Iƒ 1.68 4471 9. KpakvX≥am¿ 3.33 6089 10. ho´ptPmen°m¿ 1.56 9072 G‰hpw ASnØ´nse 20% t]cpsS a°fn¬ 96.6% t]cpw sXm´p apIfnse 20% t]cpsS a°fn¬ 89.7%hpw k¿°m¿/FbvUUv hnZymebßfnemWv ]Tn°p∂Xv. G‰hpw Db¿∂ hn`mKØnemhs´ 55.5 iXam\w Ip´nIfpw A¨ Fbv U Uv hnZymebßfnemWv hnZym`ymkw sNøp∂Xv. a[yh¿KØn¬s∏´hcn¬ 30% Ip´nIƒ A¨ FbvUUv taJe sXcs™Sp Øncn°p∂p! (tIcf imkv{X kmlnXy ]cnjØns‚ ]T\Øn¬\n∂v ˛ imkv{XKXn)

Bkq-{XWw {]Xn-k-‘n-bn¬ Bkq-{XWw Xs∂ hen-sbmcp sh√p-hnfn t\cn-Sp∂ Imeam- W n- X v . kwÿm- \ - ß - s f√mw Kpcp- X - c - a mb kmº- Ø nI sRcp°w t\cn-Sp-∂Xp ImcWw Ah-cpsS Bkq-{X-W-amsI Xncn-®Sn t\cn-Sp-∂p. tI{μ-k¿°m-cns‚ Bkq-{X-W-I-Ωn-j\m-sW-¶n¬ s]mXp-ta-J-ebpw kzIm-cy-ta-J-ebpw IqSnt®¿∂p≈ ]¶m-fn-Ø-Øn-\mWv Du∂¬ \¬Ip-∂-Xv. cwKcm-P≥ IΩ-‰n-bpsS ip]m¿i-Iƒ hgn kwÿm-\-ß-fpsS kmº-ØnI \ne A¬∏-sam∂p sa®-s∏-´p. kwÿm-\ß - f - psS hcp-am-\-Øn¬ 80% hn¬∏\ \nIpXn BWv. aqey-h¿[nX \nIpXn (hm-‰v) h∂-tXmsS tI{μ-Ønse Fw]-thUv kan-XnbmWp \nIpXn \n›-bn-°p-∂-Xv. kwÿm-\-ß-fpsS hmbv]m]- c n[n \n›- b n- ° p- ∂ Xpw tI{μ- k ¿°m¿. Npcp- ° - Ø n¬ kwÿm-\-߃°v C°m-cy-ß-fn-ep≈ ]¶p Ipd-™p. tIc-fØnse Bkq-{X-WsØ G‰-hp-a-[nIw _m[n-®n-cn-°p-∂Xp Im¿jnI cwKsØ XI¿®bpw {]Xn-k-‘n-bp-am-Wv. F∂m¬ Cu {]Xn-Iqe kml-Ncy-߃°n-Sb - nepw tIcfw a‰p kwÿm\-߃°p amXrI Im´p-sa-∂v F\n°v {]Xo-£-bp-≠v. tIcf-Øn¬ Im¿jnI taJ-ebv°p ap≥Xq°w \¬IpI Xs∂bmWv Fs‚ e£yw. ImcWw, Irjn Cs√-¶n¬ sF.-Sn. hnI-k-\tam Sqdnkw hnI-k-\tam H∂pw \S-°n-√. ˛ tUm. {]`mXv ]Sv\m-bnIv PEOPLE AGAINST GL OBALISA TION GLOBALISA OBALISATION

BtKm-f-h¬°-c-W-Øn-s\-Xnsc P\-߃


CS-Xp-]£ A[n-Im-cw.....

sXc-s™-Sp∏v ^ew ˛ Nne A©p kwÿm-\-ßfn¬ {][m-\-ambpw A©p {]h-W-X-Iƒ {]I-S-am-bn. aq∂v Z£n-tW-¥y≥ kwÿm-\-ß-fn¬ Ah Iptd-°qSn ZrV-am-bn-cp-∂p.  Im¿jn-I-cw-KsØ Akz-ÿX-Iƒ, Db¿∂ ISw, sXmgn-en-√mbva F∂o {Kmao-W-bmYm¿∞y-߃, \nc-h[n t]cpsS apJy Bi¶ -X-s∂-bm-bncp-∂p. tIc-f-Øn¬ A©p-h¿j-Øn-\Iw 1500¬ ]cw I¿jI¿ Bfl-lXy sNbvXn-´p-≠v. hb-\mSv Pn√-bn¬ am{Xw 950 tImSn-cq-]-bpsS Im¿jnI ISw D≠v.  s]mXp-tk-h\ taJe-bpsS Ahÿ Atß-b‰w ]cn-Xm-]-I-c-ambncp∂p. {]tXyIn®pw Btcm-Ky-]-cn-c£ {]mY-anI hnZym-`ymkw F∂o kp{]-[m\ taJ-e-Iƒ, {]mY-anI BtcmKy kwhn-[m-\w, k¿°m¿ DS-a-ÿ-X-bn-ep≈ Fen-sa‚dn kvIqfp-Iƒ F∂nhsb \n¿ho-cy-am-°p∂ \S-]-Sn-s°-Xnsc Xan-gv\m-´nepw tIcf-Ønepw \n»_vZ {]Xn-tj[w ]pI-bp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. s]mXptk- h - \ - ß ƒ F∂Xv Aaq¿Ø- a mb H∂- √ . Ah- b psS C∂sØ Ahÿ P\ßsf amdn-®n-¥n-°p-∂-Xn\p t{]cn∏n-®n-´p-≠v. DZm-l-c-W-Øn-\v, sIm°-tIm-fsb tI{μo-I-cn®v Pe-kz-Im-cy-hX - vIc - W - Ø - n-s\-Xnsc F¬.-Un.-F^ - v. i‡-amb {]Xn-tj[w kwL-Sn-∏n-®n-cp-∂p. tIm¿∏-td‰v temI-Øns‚ AXym¿Ønbpw `qK¿`-P-e-Øns‚ timj-Whpw XΩn¬ ASpØ _‘-ap-s≠∂v CtXmsS hy‡-ambn. Db¿∂ Pn.Un.-]n. hf¿® t]mep≈ ap{Zm-hm-Iy-ß-fp-b¿Øn ad-®p-sh°m-hp-∂-X√; CØcw \odp∂ Pohn-X-{]-iv\-߃. samØw B`y-¥c D¬]m-Z-\-Øns‚ hf¿® P\-Po-hn-XsØ A{X Imcy-ambn _m[n-°p-∂n-√.  aXsØ B[m-c-am-°n-bp≈ {]mIr-X-amb kzXz-cm-{„obw Hcp ]cn-[n-°-∏pdw hne-t∏mhn√ F∂v Cu sXc-s™-Sp∏v sXfn-bn-®p. sIme-]m-X-I-t°kn¬s∏´ Im©n-]p-csØ i¶-cm-Nm-cy-cpsS t{]mkn-Iyq-j≥ Hcp henb {]iv\a - mbn hf-¿Øn-sb-Sp-°m-sa∂v kwL-]c - n-hm¿ Icp-Xn-bn-cp-∂p. I\Ø Xncn-®-Sn-bmWv Im©n-]pcw D]-sXc-s™-Sp-∏n¬ kwL-]-cn-hm-dn\p In´n-b-Xv.  s]mXp-Po-hn-

amXr-`qan

4

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X-Ønse A¥- n-s\-bmWv P\w am\n-°pI F∂v Cu P\hn[n Im´n- Ø - ∂ p. Agn- a - X n, A[n- I mc Zp¿hn- \ n- t bmKw, A[m¿an-I-amb kz`mh hnti-j-߃ F∂n-h-bpsS t]cn¬ P\-߃ cm{„o-b-°msc in£n-°p-I-Xs∂ sNøpw. ap≥ bp.Un.-F^v a{¥n-am-cmb ]n.-sI. Ip™m-en-°p-´n, B¿. _meIr-jvW-]n≈ F∂n-h¿°v kw`-hn-®Xv AXm-Wv. \ntj-[m-flI-amb cm{„ob kao-]-\-Øns‚ t]cn¬ sI. Icp-Wm-I-cs\bpw P\-߃ in£n-®p.  CXns‚ adp-h-i-Øv, s]mXp-Pohn-X-Ønse A¥- n\pw [m¿an-I-X°pw ]mcn-tXm-jnIw t]mse, hn.-F-kv. A®p-Xm-\-μs\ P\-߃ s\©n-te-‰n. hn.F-kv. XcwKw Xs∂ tIc-f-Øn-ep-≠m-bn. Db¿∂ BZ¿iØn-s‚bpw efn-X-amb PohnX coXn-bp-sSbpw aq¿Øn-a-Zv`m-hamb hn.-F-kv. tIc-f-P-\-Xsb A{X-tbsd kzm[o-\n-®p-sh∂v Cu sXc-s™-Sp∏v kv]jvS-am-°n. Dƒ∏m¿´n FXn¿∏p-Iƒ D≠m-bn-cp-∂n´pw hn.-F-kv. \nb-a-k-`m-ÿm-\m¿∞n-bm-bXv Cu P\-{]n-b-X°v DØa Zr„m-¥-am-Wv. t\Xm-°-fnse Nne KpWßsf P\-߃ am\n-°p-∂p, BZ-cn-°p∂p F∂Xn\p sXfnhm-W-Xv. emfn-Xyw, Bflm¿∞-X, Ffn-a, Bflm¿∏W at\m`mhw XpS-ßnb kz`m-h-hn-ti-j-߃ P\-ßsf Bg-Øn¬ kzm[o-\n-°p-∂p. Ib¿sXm-gn-em-fn-bmWv ANyp-Xm-\-μ≥ PohnXw XpS-ßn-b-Xv. Ggmw ¢mkn¬ ]T\w \ndp-Øn. ap∏-Xph¿j-ambn Hcp kn\n-abpw I≠n-´n-√. ]›n-a-_w-Kmƒ apJya{¥n _p≤-tZhv `´m-Nmcy Ipeo-\-amb IpSpw-_-]-›m-Ø-eØn¬\n∂pw hcp-∂bmfm-Wv. F¶nepw Iayq-WnÃp ]m¿´nbpsS apgp-h≥ kab {]h¿Ø-I≥. {]Xn-amkw In´p∂ 3200 cq]-bmWv At±-l-Øns‚ GI hcp-am\w c≠p apdn-I-fp≈ k¿°m¿ sI´n-S-Øn-emWv At±lw Ign-bp-∂Xv.  A©masØ {]h-WX hntZ-i\ - bw sXc-s™-Sp∏p hnj-ba - mbn F∂Xm-Wv. 1972se _w•m-tZiv bp≤-Øn-\p-tijw Cμn-cm-Km‘n \nc-h[n kwÿm\ \nb-a-k-`-Iƒ ]ncn®p hn´-Xn-\p-tijw CXm-Zy-am-bmWv hntZ-i-\bw kwÿm\ \nba k`m-sX-c-s™Sp-∏n¬ Hcp {][m\ hnj-am-hp-∂Xv. C¥y Ata-cn-°-tbmSv Cubn-sS-bmbn Im´p∂ Nmbvhpw cmPym-¥c BW-thm¿P GP≥kn-bn¬ Cdm\v FXn-cmbn thm´p-sNbvX \S-]-Snbpw Ata-cn-°sb klm-bn-°m≥ Cdm-Jn-te°p ssk\ysØ Ab°m≥ c≠p XhW (2003 a[y-Ønepw 2004s‚ XpS-°-Øn-epw) Im´nb k∂-≤-Xbpw P\-tcm-j-Øn-\n-S-bm-°n. ap…nw-Isf am{X-a√ CXv {]tIm-]n-∏n®-Xv. hntZ-i-\-b-Ønse Cu Znimhy-Xn-bm-\hpw tZiob s]mXp-an-\naw ]cn-]m-Sn-bn¬ \n∂p≈ hyXn-N-e-\hpw sFIy-]p-tcm-K-a\ kJy-Ønse LS-I-I-£nIƒ°p-t]mepw Dƒs°m-≈m-\m-bn-´n-√. Cu \b-hy-Xn-bm-\sØ ISpØ `mj-bn¬ hna¿in® CS-Xp-]£w P\-]n-¥pW t\Sn. Cu P\-hn-[n-bn¬\n∂v tIm¨{Kkpw Nne \n¿Wm-bI ]mT߃ ]Tn- t °- ≠ - X p- ≠ v . CS- X p- ] £w i‡- a mbn F∂ bmYm¿∞yw Ah¿ Xncn-®-dn-b-Ww. CS-Xp-]-£-Øns‚ Bib-ßfpw ]≤-Xn-Ifpw ]cn-]m-Sn-IfpamWv P\-]n-¥p-W-bm¿Pn°p-∂sX∂v a\- n-em-°-Ww. kzX{¥ hn]-Wn, kzIm-cy-hXvI-c-Ww, hnth-N\ cln-X-amb BtKm-fo-I-cWw F∂o \bssh-I-ey-ß-tfm-Sp≈ A`n-\n-thiw bp.-]n.-F. k¿°m¿ Dt]£n-°pI Xs∂ thWw km[m-c-W-°m-cs‚ Xm¬]-cy-߃°v AP-≠-bn¬ apJy ]cn-K-W\ \¬I-Ww. CXp-hsc tZiob sXmgn-ep-d∏p \nbaw am{Xta Cu Zni-bn¬ bp.-]n.-F. sNbvXn´p-≈p. AXp \s√mcp Nph-Sp-sh-∏m-bn-cp-∂p. s]mXp-tk-h-\cw-KsØ ]p\-cp-÷o-hn-∏n-°m\pw {KmaoW kºZv hyhÿ sa®-s∏-Sp-Øm\pw {]mtZ-inI hn`-h-߃°-\p-k-cn®v sXmgne-hk - c - ß - ƒ kr„n-°m\pw Btcm-Ky-]c - a - mb hyh-km-bh - X - vIcW am¿§-ß-fn-eqsS C¥y-bpsS a’-tcm-∑p-JX hf¿Øm\pw {ian-°-Ww. Cu am¿§-ß-fn-eqsS P\-lr-Z-b-ß-fpsS kv]μ\w sXm´-dn™p \oßn-bn-s√-¶n¬ bp.-]n.-F.-bpsS `mhn Ah-Xm-fØn-em-bn-cn-°pw. tUm. {]^p¬ _nZzmbv, Frontline PEOPLE AGAINST GL OBALISA TION GLOBALISA OBALISATION

BtKm-f-h¬°-c-W-Øn-s\-Xnsc P\-߃


{]Xo-£-Iƒ..... sh√p-hn-fn-Iƒ.

tIcfw t\cn-Sp¶

sh√phnfnIƒ

D]tbmKs∏SpØpIbmsW¶n¬ ]´W {]tZißfnse tIcfØnse CSXp]£ hnPbØns‚ ]n∂nep≈ LSI CSØc°mcpsS Bhiyßsf \nb{¥n®p\n¿Øm≥ ߃ ]›na _wKmfnteXn¬ \n∂p hyXykvXamb {]Xybimkv{X]camb kzm[o\sØ {]tbmP\s∏SpØp Xn\m¬ tIcfØnse kmlNcyw ]›na _wKmfnt‚ IbmsW¶n¬, CSXp]£Øns‚ AP≠bn¬ hn´phogvN Xn¬ \n∂v hyXykvX amsW∂ ImcyØn¬ X¿°an√. hcptØ≠ Bhiyhpw hcp∂n√. Nc°pIƒ D¬∏mZn∏n°p∂ taJeIfn¬ hfsc Ipd™ \nc°nep≈ hf¿®bmWv tIcfØn¬ Gsd°meambn DZmlcWØn\v sXmgn¬ Dd∏p ]≤XnsbSp°mw. AXn\p≈ D≠mbns°m≠ncn°p∂sX¶nepw Kƒ^n¬ \n∂pw hn`h߃ {][m\ambpw hcp∂Xv tI{μØn¬\n∂mWv, \m´nte°v HgpInsbØp∂ ]Ww sIm≠v , CXv Cu ]≤Xn CSXp]£`cWap≈ kwÿm\ßfn¬ {]Xnk¥pe\w sNøs∏Sp∂p≠v, Kƒ^n¬ \n∂p≈ Du¿÷nXambpw IWniambpw \S∏m°pIbmsW¶n¬, ]WØns‚ hchv, hcpam\w h¿≤n∏n®n´p≠v F∂p {KmaoW Zcn{Z¿°v Bizmkw \¬Ip∂Xn\pw eLp am{Xa√, AhnsSbp≠mbn´p≈ hf¿®bv°v Bhiyamb D¬]∂߃°pw tkh\߃°pw D≈ {KmaoW hn]Wn DtØP\w \¬Inbn´pap≠v. hn]peam°p∂Xn\pw Aßs\ CSXp]£Øns‚ AP≠ \S∏m°p∂Xn\pw Ignbpw. I¿jI P\kmam\yØn\v Bizmkw \¬Ip∂Xn\pw ]cºcmKX hyhkmbßsf kwc£n°p∂Xn\pw bYm¿∞Øn¬ ]mh߃°v Bizmkw \¬Ip∂ \nba߃ s]mXphnXcW hyhÿ \ne\n¿Øp∂Xn\pw \S]Sn \n¿Ωn°p∂Xn\v tI{μ Kh¿sΩ≠n¬ kΩ¿±w ssIs°m≈p∂ tIcfØnse F¬.Un.F^v sNepØp∂Xn\v , ]m¿esa≠nse CSXp]£Øns‚ Kh¿sΩ≠n\v kmaqlytaJebnse sNehv km∂n[ysØ D]tbmKs∏SpØm≥ Ignbpw. CSXp]£w h¿[n∏n°p∂Xn\pw Dƒ]mZ\taJesb hn]peoIcn°p `cn°p∂ kwÿm\ßfn¬ AØcw \nba߃ ∂Xn\mbn IqSpX¬ \nt£]w \SØp∂Xn\pw th≠n I¿i\ambn \S∏m°pIbmsW¶n¬, CSXp]£sØ IqSpX¬ hn`h߃ kw`cnt°≠Xmbn hcpw F∂ bYm¿∞Øn¬ ]n¥pWbv ° p∂ (]n¥pWbv ° m≥ ImcyØn¬ kwiban√. ]´WØnse CSØc°msc km[yXbp≈) hnhn[ hn`mK߃ XΩnep≈ bmWv AXv _m[n°pI! C∂sØ ]pØ≥ DZmch¬ sshcp[yßsf aq¿On∏n°msX Xs∂, P\ßfpsS °cW \bßfpsS ]›mØeØn¬ (B \b߃ hnizmkw B¿Pn°m\pw Ignbpw. ITn\amb ISaIfmWv XncpØnbv°m\p≈ cm{„obiIvXn CSXp]£Øn\p CSXp]£sØ A`napJoIcn °p∂sX¶nepw \ΩpsS ≠mbn´n√.) ]›na _wKmfnembmepw icn, tIcfØn kºZv hyhÿbnse ta¬]d™ an®w Is≠Øns°m≠v, embmepw icn CSXp]£Øns‚ ap∂n¬ Nne ITn\amb sshcp[yßsf `mh\m]q¿Wambn ssIImcyw sNøp∂ ISaIfp≠v F∂ hkvXpX, hnPbmÀmZ߃°nSbn¬ XneqsS Ahsb XcWw sNøm≥ Ignbp∂XmWv . hnkvacn°s∏´p t]mIcpXv. sh\nkzebnse hnπhsØ klmbn°m\pw AXp hgn a‰v em‰n≥ Atacn°≥ CSXp]£ßsf klmbn°m\pw km[yamb Hcp am¿Kw FÆhne \n¿Δln® AtX ]¶v \ΩpsS kºZv ]pØ≥ DZmch¬°cWØns‚ ^eambn ]´Wßfnse hyhÿbn¬ ta¬]d™ LSIØn\pw \n¿hln°m≥ CSØc°m¿°v A\nhmcyambpw tZmjw kw`hn°p Ignbpw. - Dr. {]`mXv ]Sv\mbvIv Frontline tºmƒ Cu ]pØ≥ DZmch¬°cWØn s\Xncmb CSXp]£Øns‚ kacØnse kJyI£nbmbn `mhnbn¬ Ah¿ hcm≥ km[yXbp≠v . Cßs\ kJyI£nbmbnØocm≥ km[yXbp≈ CSØc°msc ]nW°msXØs∂, XßfpsS ASnÿm\h¿§ßtfmSv hnizkvXX ]pe¿Øm≥ CSXp]£Øns‚ ap∂n¬ Hcp am¿Kap≠v. GsXmcp hyhÿbnepw (]pØ≥ DZmch¬°cW hyhÿbn¬ {]tXyIn®pw) D]tbmK s∏SpØs∏SmØ hymhkmbnI `£y[m\y tÃm°ns‚ cq]Ønepw kzoIcnbv°s∏SmØ \hoIcW]≤XnIfp sS cq]Ønepw a‰pambn Hcfthmfw an®w F√mbvt∏mgpw \nehnep≠mIpw. km[yamb D¬∏mZ\tØmSv XmcXays∏SpØptºmƒ CXp Hcp \√ `mKw hcpw. ]´Wßfnse CSØc°mcpw CSXp]£Øns‚ ASnÿm\ h¿§ßfpw XΩn¬ Db¿∂phcmhp∂ sshcp≤yßsf \nb{¥W hnt[bam°n \n¿Øm≥ CXns\ ^e{]Zambn D]tbmKs∏SpØmhp∂XmWv. as‰mcp hn[Øn¬ ]d™m¬, FUn_n, temI _m¶v tamU¬ ]cnjvImc ßfmtWm (Cu ÿm]\ßfn¬\n ∂p≈ hmbv]Ifpw ^≠pIfpw AS°w) kzoIcnt° ≠Xv, AtXm ]´W{]tZißfnse CSØc°mcn¬\n∂v IqSpX¬ hn`h߃ kw`cn°pIbmtWm th≠Xv F∂ CSXp]£w t\cnSp∂ (apIfn¬ ]d™) {]iv\sØ X¬°mew am‰nhbv°m\p≈ Hcp am¿KamWv, ChnsS IS-∏mSv : am[yaw kqNn∏n®Xv. kºZvhyhÿbnse Cu an®w 5

PEOPLE AGAINST GL OBALISA TION GLOBALISA OBALISATION

BtKm-f-h¬°-c-W-Øn-s\-Xnsc P\-߃


CS-Xp-]£ A[n-Im-cw.....

CS-Xp-]-£-`-cW ]cn-t{]jyw CXn\v c≠v Xe-ß-fp-≠v. H∂v tIc-f-Øn¬ CS-Xp-]£ `cWw DSs\ sNtø≠ Nne Imcy-ß-fp-≠v. c≠m-aXv Zo¿L-Im-em-Sn-ÿm-\-Øn¬ Gs‰-Sp-t°≠ {]h¿Ø-\-߃. DSs\ sNtø≠ Hcp Imcyw tIc-fØn¬ Ipd®v h¿j-ß-fmbn hf¿∂p-h∂ kmaqlnI Ac-£n-Xm-hÿ°v Ah-km-\-ap-≠m-°pI F∂-Xm-Wv. A{Iaw Hcp kmaqlnI hn]-Øm-bn-cn-°p-∂p. sIm√pw sIme-bp-ap≈ A{I-aw, `h-\-t`-Z-\߃ Ch-sbms° tIc-f-Øn-ep-S-\o-f-ap-≠v. hnhn-[-Xcw am^n-b-Iƒ {]_-e-am-bn-cn-°p-∂p. ]pXnb Kh¨sa‚ v DS-\Sn sNtø-≠Xv Cu ÿnXn°v am‰w hcp-Øp-I-bm-Wv. AXn-\m-h-iy-amb \S-]Sn hn´p-hogvN-bn-√msX kzoI-cn-t°-≠n-bn-cn-°p-∂p. c≠m-a-Xmbn Btcm-Ky-taJ-esb i‡n-s∏-Sp-ØpI F∂-Xm-Wv. tIc-fØ - ns‚ kmaq-lnI PohnX-Øn¬ hfsc i‡-amb Hcp Btcm-Kym-h-t_m[w D≠m-bn-cp-∂p. C∂v Ah-t_m-[-ap-s≠-¶nepw NnIn’ e`y-a-√m-Xm-bn-cn-°p-∂p. \√ sshZy-k-lmbw Npcp°w Nne¿°v am{Xw e`y-am-Ip∂ ÿnXn-bn¬ am‰-ap-≠m-I-Ww. ss^hvkv‰m¿ tlmkv]n-‰-ep-I-f-√msX \√ sshZyk-lmbw km[m-c-W-°m¿°v e`y-am-I-Ww. apºv Hmtcm {Kma-Ønepw \√ tUmŒ¿am¿ D≠m-bn-cp∂p Ah¿ ho´n¬h∂v tcmKn-Isf ]cntim-[n-°p-am-bn-cp-∂p. ]W-an-s√-¶n¬ t]mepw AXp sNøp-am-bn-cp∂p. C∂v B ÿnXntb C√m-Xm-bn-cn-°p-∂p. C∂v hnZKv[ sshZyk-lmbw henb \K-cß - f - nse henb Bip-]{- Xn-If - nte e`n°q F∂ ÿnXn h∂n-cn-°p-∂p. CXv km[m-c-W-°m¿°v {]m]y-a-√-Xm-\pw. Cu ÿnXn°v am‰w hc-Ww. aq∂m-a-Xmbn hnZym-`ymk cwKØv Hcp CSXp-]£ ]cn-t{]£yw cq]-s∏-Sp-Øp-I. C∂v Chn-sS-bp-≈Xv ]W-ap≈-h\v am{Xw KpW-ta-∑-bp≈ hnZym-`ymkw e`n-°p-∂p F∂-Xm-Wv. ]mh-s∏´ Ip´n-Iƒ kvIqfnepw Iem-e-b-ß-fnepw t]mtb Xocq F∂p≈ Ahÿ kr„n-°-Ww. s]mXp-hn-Zym-`ym-k-Øns‚ KpW\n-e-hmcw Db¿Øm-\p≈ {iaw ASn-b-¥-c-ambn Gs‰-Sp-°-Ww. CXmWv CS-Xp-]£ Kh¨sa‚ v DSs\ sNtø≠ aq∂v Imcy-߃ Fs∂-\n°v tXm∂p-∂p. Zo¿L-Im-em-Sn-ÿm-\-Øn¬ Nne ]pXnb XpS-°-߃ Cu k¿°m-dns‚ `mK-Øp-\n∂pw D≠m-I-Ww. BZy-ambn sNtø-≠Xv kmaqlnI kaXz-Øn¬ A[n-jvTnXamb Hcp kaqlw Fßs\ sI´n-∏-Sp°mw F∂ N¿® Db¿Øn-s°m-≠p-h-cpI F∂-Xm-Wv. ChnsS hfsc henb Hcp Bi-b-k-acw \S-°p-∂p-≠v. AXn¬ Hcp `mKØv he-Xp-]£ Bib-ßf - mWv D≈-Xv. Ah hfsc {]m_-ey-ap≈ Bi-bß - f - m-Wv, BtKmfo-I-c-W-Øns‚ kμ¿`-Øn¬ {]tXy-In-®pw. BtKm-fo-I-c-Whpw hnhc kmt¶-XnI hnZybpw aqe-[\ hf¿®bpw PmXn-aX kzm[o-\ßfpw a‰p-ambn Ah \ne-\n¬°p-∂p. Cu heXp ImgvN-∏m-Sv, Cu sXc-s™-Sp-∏ns‚ ^ew D≈-t∏mƒ Xs∂ \ΩpsS kaq-l-Øns‚ ]e aWvU-e-ß-sfbpw Iogvs∏-Sp-Øn-°-gn-™n-´p-≠v. Cu Bi-b߃s°-Xnsc i‡-amb Hcp sNdp-Øp-\n¬]v Db-tc-≠-Xp-≠v. Cu Bi-bk - a - c - Ø - n¬ CS-Xp-]£ - Ø - n\v Fß-s\-bmWv ta¬ss° t\Sm\m-hp-I F∂Xv Kuc-h-amb ]cn-K-W-\-b¿ln-°p-∂p. CXn\v Ign-bW-sa-¶n¬ H∂m-a-Xmbn Hcp _Z¬ hnIk\]cn-t{]£yw thWw. B ]cn-t{]-£y-Øns‚ hni-Zmw-i-߃ P\-ß-fn-se-Ø-Ww. C∂v _Z¬ ]cn-t{]-£y-ap-s≠-¶nepw AXv P\-ß-fpsS Ah-t_m-[-Øn¬ CSw Is≠-Øn-bn-´n-√. P\-ß-fpsS Pohn-X-Øn¬ CXv Fß-s\-bmWv {]mh¿Øn-I-am-hpI F∂v P\-߃°-dn-bn-√.

CS-Xp-]£Øns‚ ssk≤m-¥nI Npa-X-e-Iƒ CS-Xp-]£w F∂v ]d-bp-tºmƒ CS-Xp-]£ \ne]m-Sp-Iƒ ssIs°m-≈p∂ hn`m-K-ß-sf-bmWv \mw A¿∞-am-t°-≠-Xv. A√msX Nne I£n-I-sftbm t\Xm-°-sftbm am{X-a-√. Cu P\-hn-`mKw tIc-fØn¬ hfsc henb he-Xp-]£ kzm[o-\sØ t\cn-´p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv. CXns‚ {]tem-`-\Øn\pw kΩ¿±Øn\pw CS- X p- ] £ hn`m- K Øn¬s∏´ ]ecpw ASn-a-s∏-´p-t]m-Ip-∂p-≠v. cmaP-∑-`qan {]iv\-Øns‚ ImeØv hfsc anen-‰‚ v Bb sXmgn-emfn hn`m-K-߃, t_mws_-bnepw a‰pw AXn\v ASn-s∏-´X - p-t]m-se-bm-Wn-Xv. ]Xps° Acn-®-cn-®n-d-ßp∂ Hcp kzm[o-\-am-Wv. AXv kw`hn-°p-∂p-≠v. kw`-hn-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°pw. CØcw kΩ¿ZsØ Fßs\ sNdp°mw F∂- X mWv {]iv\w. Chn-sS-bmWv CS-Xp-]£ - Ø - ns‚ ssk≤m¥nI {]h¿Ø\w Bh-iy-ambn hcp-∂-Xv. CS-Xp]£ ssk≤m- ¥ n- I Xzw As√- ¶ n¬ Hcp am¿IvknÃv ho£Ww P\-ß-fn-se-Øn-°m-\p≈ {ia- ß ƒ D≠m- h - W w. CS- X p- ] £ {]h¿ØI¿°pw A\p- b m- b n- I ƒ°pw CtX- ° p- d n®v t_m≤yw htc-≠Xv Bh-iy-am-Wv. CXv hnhn[ Xc-Øn¬ Df-hm-°m-\m-hpw. H∂v CS-Xp-]£w Gs‰-Sp-°p∂ ka-c-ß-fpsS D≈-S-°hpw kz`mhhpw Fßs\ hyXy-kvXa - m-bn-cn-°p-∂p, F∂v CSXp-]£ {]h¿Ø-Isc t_m[y-s∏-Sp-Øp-I. c≠ma-tØXv \ΩpsS ssZ\w-Zn\ Pohn-X-Øn¬ F¥v kw`-hn-°p∂p F∂-Xns\ B\p-`m-hn-Ia - m-b√ - msX ssk≤m-¥n-I-ambn a\- n-em-°m-\p≈ tijn Ah¿°v D≠m-°p-I. As√-¶n¬ bmYm¿∞ysØ shdpsX t\m°n-°m-WpI F∂-√msX A\ys\ a\-   n- e m- ° m- \ m- h n- √ . Cu c≠p- X - c - Ø n- e p≈ {]h¿Ø-\-ßfpw Gs‰-Sp-Øm¬ am{Xta he-Xp]£hXv°-cW {]h-W-Xsb t\cn-Sm≥ Ign-bq. CXv hfsc i‡-amb Hcp {]h-W-X-bm-Wv. ]et∏mgpw CS-Xp-]£ {Kq∏p-Ifpw {]ÿm-\-ßfpw he-Xp-]-£-tØm-sSm∏w \oßp-∂Xv \mw ImWmdp-≠v. AXv hen-sbm-c-f-thmfw ssk≤m-¥n-I-amb thcp-Iƒ C√m-Ø-Xn-\m-emWv F∂mWv F\n°v tXm∂n-bn-´p-≈-Xv. AXp-sIm≠v ssk≤m-¥nI {]h¿Ø-\-߃ {]Xy-b-imkv{X {]h¿Ø-\-߃ hfsc Icp-X-temsS apt∂m-´p-sIm-≠p-t]m-Im≥ CS-Xp-]-£-Øn\v Ign-b-Ww. Dr. K.N. ]Wn-¡À

(am-[y-a-¯n \n¶v)

t\cn-´p≈ hntZi aqe-[-\-tØm-Sv Xm¶-fpsS kao-]\w F¥m-bn-cn°pw? hntZi aqe-[\w c≠p Xc-Øn-ep≠v F∂p \mw th¿Xn-cn®p ImW-Ww. \ΩpsS cmPysØ sXmgn-e-h-kcw C√mXm-°p∂ aqe-[-\-ap-≠v. DZm-l-c-W-ambn tIm°tImf hcp-∂p. Ah¿ \ΩpsS \m´nse At\Iw sNdnb ioXf ]m\ob \n¿am-Xm-°f - psS ]Wn If-bp-∂p. hntZ-ik - m-[\w Cd-°p-aXn sNbvXv D]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂X - p-t]mse Xs∂-bm-Wn-Xv. sImtfmWn-b¬ Ime-L-´-Øn-te°p \Ωsf sIm≠p-t]m-hp-I-bm-W-Xv. C\n as‰mcp Xcw hntZi aqe-[-\-ap-≠v. AXp hcptºmƒ \ΩpsS \m´n¬ sXmgn-e-h-k-c-߃ IqSp-∂p. Ib-‰p-aXn km[yX IqSp-∂p. CXns\ Rm≥ kzmKXw sNøp-∂p. -˛tUm : {]`m-Xv]-Sv\mbvIv 6

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{]Xo-£-Iƒ..... sh√p-hn-fn-Iƒ.

h¿§-cm-jv{So-b-Øn\v Icp¯v ]I-cWw Xnc-s™-Sp-∏n¬ bp.-Un.-F-^n\v In´nb I\Ø ASn Ah¿ kao-]-Ime-ßf - n¬ \S-∏m-°nb kmº-Øn-I\ - b - ß - t- fmSpw AtXm-sSm∏w {Iak\gvkdn apX¬ D∂-X-hn-Zym-`ymkw hsc-bp≈ am-[m-\-Ø-I¿®-tbm-Sp-ap≈ P\-ß-fpsS {]Xn-I-c-W-am-Wv. CØ-c-Ønhn]p-ea - mb ]T-\t- a-Je - b - n¬ KpW-\n-eh - m-ca - p≈ ep-b¿∂ cm{„o-bm-ht- _m[w hfsc D∂-Xs - c∂v IW-°m-°s - ∏-´n-cp∂ hnZym-`ymkw e`n-°p-∂Xv A©p iX-am\w kºhy‡n-I-fpsS ]cm-P-bw Dd-∏m°n. tIc-fob kv{XoI-fpsS cm{„o-bm∂¿°v am{X-am-Wv. CXv Hcp Xcw kwh-c-W-amh-t_m[w G‰hpw Db¿∂-X-c-Øn¬ {]Xn-^-en® sXc-s™-Sp-∏mbn Wv. KpW-\n-e-hm-c-ap≈ hnZym-`ymkw F√mCXns\ ImWm-hp-∂-Xm-Wv. CS-Xp-]-£-Øns‚ hnP-b-Øn\v ]n∂n¬ h¿°pw kuP-\y-ambn e`y-am-°pI F∂Xv XXzaq∂v Imcy-ß-fm-Wp-≈-Xv. AXn¬ H∂m-a-tØXv hn.-F-kv. ANyp-Xmim-kv{X-]-chpw Zm¿i-\n-I-hp-amb coXn-bn¬ \-μ≥ F∂ hy‡n Xs∂-bmWv. hn.-F-kn\v Xo¿®-bmbpw ChnsS kzoI-cn-°p-Ibpw AXv km[q-I-cn-°m≥ \S-]-SnNe\w kr„n-°m≥ Ign-™n-´p-≠v. IΩyq-WnÃv ]m¿´n-bn¬ s]mXpsh sb-Sp-°p-Ibpw thWw. hy‡n-Iƒ°v {]m[m-\y-an-s√∂p ]d-bm-dp-≠v. {]iv\-ß-tfm-Sv, AXv Cu sXc-s™-Sp-∏nse hn[n-sb-gpØv apt∂m´p h{I-amb hnI-k-\-k-ao-]-\-ßsf t\cn-Sp∂ Imcy-Øn-em-h-s´, ]mcnhbv°p∂ Hcp hkvXp-X-bp-≠v. kmap-Zm-bn-I-iÿn-XnI {]iv\-ß-fn-em-hs´, kv{Xo{]-iv\-ß-fn-em-h-s´, Hcp {]Xn‡n-Isf hnhn-[-ap-∂-Wn-I-fn¬s]´ cm{„ob ]£ t\Xm-sh∂ \ne-bn¬ ASp°pw Nn´-tbmSpw IqSn hn´p-ho-gvNI£n- I ƒ D]- t bm- K - s ∏- S p- Ø n- b n- ´ p- ≠ m- h mw. bn-√mØ Dd® \ne-]mSv kzoI-cn-°m≥ At±-l-Øn\v Ign-™p. hn.F¶nepw kzXz-cm-{„o-b-Øn¬ A[n-jvTn-X-amb F-kns‚ Cu {]h¿Ø-\ ssien ]mh-ßfpw sXmgn-em-fn-Ifpw Hcp Hcp ]m¿´n°pw hnP- b n- ° m≥ Ign- ™ n- ´ n- √ . {]tXyI c - o-Xn-bn-emWv t\m°n-°m-Wp-∂X - v. AXv thm´¿am¿°n-Sb - n¬ samØ-Øn¬ atX-Xc i‡n-I-fpsS hnP-b-amHcp Ce-{Œn-ss^-bnMv C^Œv D≠m-°n-bn-´p-≠v. WnXv ImWn-°p-∂-Xv. ap…ow P\-hn-`m-K-Øns‚ c≠m-asØ Imcyw hnZym-`ym-k-cw-KsØ IpØ-gn™ Ah-ÿ-bm-Wv. cm{„o- b - h - X v I - c - W hpw XpS- ß n- b n- c n- ° p- ∂ p. D∂-X-hn-Zym-`ymkw ]W-an-√m-Ø-h¿°v A{]m-]y-am-Ip∂ ImeØv ap…ow eoKn-t\‰ I\Ø ]cm-Pbw Cu c≠p AXn-s\-Xnsc Fkv.-F-^v.-sF. \S-Ønb ka-c-ßfpw Ah¿ kln® hkvXp-X-Iƒ°pw ASn-h-c-bn-Sp-∂p. CXv hfsc XymKhpw hnkva-cn-°m-hp-∂-X-√. t]meo-kns‚ sImSn-b-a¿±\w G‰pw ipt`m-Z¿°-amb Imcy-am-Wv. _n.-F-kv.-]n.°pw Pbn¬hmkw A\p-`-hn-®p-amWv Ah¿ kacw sNbvX-Xv. Aßs\ _n.-sP.-]n.-°p-sam∂pw thm´v kam-lc - n-°m≥ IgnCu {]iv\sØ cm{„o-b-h-XvI-cn-°m\pw AXp CS-Ø-c-°mcpw ]mh™n-´n-√. Xo¿®-bmbpw kzXz-cm-{„o-b-Øn¬ s∏-´h - c - p-amb apgp-h≥ Bfp-If - psSbpw {]iv\a - m-sW∂ tXm∂¬ Ah\n∂pw h¿§m-[n-jvTnX atX-Xc cm{„o-b-Øn-tecn-ep-≠m-°m\pw Fkv.-F-^v.-sF.bv°p Ign-™p. Ct∏mƒ tI{μ °p≈ ]cn-Wm-a-am-Wn-Xv. kzXz-cm-{„o-bsØ k¿°m¿ C¥y-bnse samØw sk¬^v ^n\m≥knMv ÿm]-\-ß\n¿Δo-cy-am-°m\pw h¿§ cm{„o-bsØ i‡nsfbpw \nb-{¥n-°m≥ \nbaw sIm≠p-h-cm≥ t]mIp-∂p. CXns\ s∏-Sp-Øm\pw CS-Xp-ap-∂Wn {i≤n-t°-≠-Xp-≠v. Rm≥ t\m°n-°m-Wp-∂-Xv, Cu hnj-b-Øn¬ tIc-f-Øn¬ Fkv.-FDr. M. Ipªm-a³. (I-em-Iu-ap-Zn) ^v.s - F. CS-s]-´X - ns‚ ^e-am-bn-´mWv am‰w D≠m-bs - X-∂m-Wv. hy‡nK-Xa - mb Hcp {]iv\w kmaq-ly-{]-iv\a - m-hp-tºm-gmWv `c-WI - qSw AXnt\mSv {]Xn-I-cn-°m≥ \n¿_-‘n-X-am-hp-I. ChnsS cP\n kw`-hsØ hfsc atX-X-c-cq-]-Øn¬ kaq-l-Ønse \n¿≤-\-\-cmb F√m-h-cpsSbpw {]iv\-am°n cm{„o-b-h-XvI-cn-°m≥ Fkv.-F-^v.-sF.°v Ign™p. bp.-Un.-F-^v. ]n¥p-S¿∂p-h∂ kmº-Øn-I-\-b-amWv aq∂m-asØ Imcyw. kvam¿´n kn‰n, FIvkv{]kv sslth XpS-ßnb hmNm-tSm-]-ß-sfmgn-®m¬ km[m-c-W-°m-cs\ t\cn´v _m[n-°p∂ IpSn-sh-≈w, hnZym`ymkw, s]mXp-P-\m-tcmKyw XpS-ßnb hnj-b-߃ bp.-Un.-F-^n\v kmº-ØnI AP-≠-bn-√m-bn-cp-∂p. D∂-X¿°v KpW-I-c-amb Imcy߃ \S-∏m-°n-bmte sa®-ap≈q F∂pw AXp-aqew D≠m-Ip∂ [\nI-cpsS A[n-Ih - c - p-am\w Xmsg FØp-sa-∂p-ap≈ km{º-Zm-bnI kmºØn-I-im-kv{X-Øns‚ ImgvN-∏m-Sm-W-Xv. C∂n-t∏mƒ 44,000-tImSn cq]bn-te-sd-bmWv tIc-f-Øns‚ s]mXp-I-Sw. A\n-b-{¥n-X-ambn IS-saSp-°m≥ k¿°m-cp-Isf P\w A\p-h-Zn-°-cp-Xv. apX-em-fnØ A\p-Iqehpw P\-t{Zm-l] - c - h - p-amb kmº-Øn-I\ - bw \S-∏m-°nb ap∂-Wnsb tIcf P\X Xnc-kvI-cn-®-XmWv \Ωƒ I≠-Xv. CS-Xp-]-£-Øn\v CtX Ahÿ D≠m-hm-Xn-cn-°m≥ Ah¿ {i≤n-°-Ww. CSXv AP-≠-bn¬ DXv]m-Z-\-i-‡n-I-fpsS hf¿®-sb-°mƒ {i≤-sImSp-t°-≠Xv DXv]m-Z-\-_-‘-ß-fn¬ Ahiyw hcp-tØ-≠-am-‰-ß-fn-emWv. Ct∏mƒ `qan-b-S-°-ap≈ hn`-h-߃ 10% [\n-I-cpsS \nb-{¥-WØn-em-sW∂v ]d-™p-h-t√m. hn`-h-ßsf Cu i‡n-I-fpsS \nb{¥-W-Øn¬ \n∂p tamNn-∏n®v P\-Io-b-ambn hnX-cWw sNøm≥ k¿°m-cn\v Ign-b-Ww. hnZym-`ym-k-cw-K-amWv ASn-b-¥nc{i≤ Bh-iy-ap≈ taJ-e. C∂v 7

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CS-Xp-]£ A[n-Im-cw.....

]pXnb tIcfw kr„n-°m≥ ]pXnb

t]mcm-´-߃ thWw

Akwªn sXc-s™-Sp-∏v ^e-ß-fpsS A¿∞-sa-¥mWv? H∂m-a-Xmbn, Øp≈ LS-I-ß-fm-Wv. AXp-sIm≠v Ah-bpsS tIc-f-Ønepw _wKm-fnepw CS-Xp-]-£-Øns‚ t\Xr-Xz-Øn-ep≈ hne-Iƒ°v Hcp hyh-ÿbpw D≠m-bn-cn-°p-I-bn-√. kwÿm-\-K-h¿sΩ-≠p-Iƒ cq]o-I-cn-°-s∏-´-Xv, kn.-]n.-sF. FΩpw ASpØ ]©-h¬k-c-]-≤-Xn-°m-e-Øv, Im¿jn-I-taCS- X p- ] - £ hpw apt∂m- ´ p- h - b v ° p∂ \b- ß - f n- t e°v P\- { i≤ J-e-bn¬ hºn® s]mXp-aq-e-[\ \nt£]w \S-ØpBI¿jn-°p-∂-Xn\v CS-bm-°pw. sa∂v F¬.Un.F^ns‚ am\n- s ^- t Ãm- b n¬ \ne-hn-ep≈ `c-W-L-S\m kwhn-[m-\-Øns‚ ]cn-an-Xn-Iƒ°p-≈n¬ hmKvZm\w sNbvXn-´p-≠v. ]c-º-cm-KX hyh-km-b\n∂p-sIm-≠v, `q]-cn-jvI-cWw \S-∏m-°p-∂-sX-ßn-s\-sb-∂-Xn\v ß-fnse sXmgn-em-fn-I-fpsS ÿnXn sa®-s∏-Sp-Øpc≠p kwÿm-\-ßfpw amXrI ImWn-®n-cn-°p-∂p. A[n-Im-c-hn-tIsa∂pw sFSn taJ-ebpw _tbm sSIvt\m-fPn taJ{μo-I-c-W-Øns‚ Imcy-Ønepw {XnXe ]©m-bØv hyhÿ \Sebpw hnI- k n- ∏ n- ° p- s a∂pw F¬ Un F^v ∏m- ° p- ∂ - X ns‚ Imcy- Ø nepw Cu c≠p kwÿm- \ - ß fpw hmKvZm\w sNbvXn-´p-≠v. tIc-f-Øns‚ hnI-k\ kvXpXy¿l-amb dnt°m¿Up Xs∂-bmWv D≠m-°n-bn-cn-°p-∂-Xv. am¿§-sØ-°p-dn®v kn.-]n.-sF.-F-Ωns‚ B`n-ap-JyaX-\n-c-t]£ aqey-߃ i‡n-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂Xpw h¿Kob cm{„o-bØn¬ ka-{K-amb N¿® \S-°p-I-bp-≠m-bn. AXnØn\v CSw \¬Ip∂ {]h-WX - I - sf Xnc-kvIc - n-°p-∂X - p-amb cm{„o\p-tijw tIc-fØ - ns‚ khn-ti-ja - mb ÿnXn°pw b-am-Wv, CS-Xp-]£ `c-W-Øn≥Io-gn¬ B kwÿm-\-߃ ]cna\pj yh n` h ß ƒ°pw A\pt bmP y-amb hnI-k-\t]m-jn-∏n-®n-´p-≈-Xv. ]pØ≥ DZm-c-h¬°-cW \S-]-Sn-Iƒ°v ta[mØns‚ cq]t cJ F¬.Un.F^ns‚ am\n-s^-tÃmhn-Xz-ap≈ Hcp kml-N-cy-Øn¬, kmº-ØnI kmaqlnI taJ-e-Ibn¬ Dƒs∏S pØ nb nc n° p∂ p. fn¬ P\-߃°v A\p-Iq-ea - mb _Z¬ \b-߃ \S-∏m-°p-∂X - n\pw - w-Km-fnepw tIc-fØ - nepw _Z¬ \b-߃ \SAØcw \b-߃°p-th≠n kacw sNøp-∂-Xn\pw Ignbpw F∂v ]›n-a_ ∏m-°p∂ Ah-k-c-Øn¬, tI{μ-˛-kw-ÿm\ _‘Ign™ aq∂p ]Xn-‰m-t≠mfw Ime-ambn ]›na _wKm-fn¬ \neß-fpsS Imcy-Øn¬ tI{μ-Øn-\mWv ta[m-hnXzw hn¬ hcp∂ CS-Xp-]£ ap∂Wn Kh¿sa≠pw tIc-f-Øn¬ CSF∂ hkvXp-Xbpw ]pØ≥ DZm-c-h¬I-cW \bbv°nsS `c-W-Øn¬h-cp∂ CS-Xp-]-£-Øns‚ t\Xr-Xz-Øn-ep≈ ߃ sI´n-tb¬∏n-°p-∂-Xn-\p≈ tI{μ-Øns‚ Kh¿sΩ-≠p-Ifpw ImWn®p X∂n-´p-≠v. hy{KX h¿[n-®p-h-cp-∂p≠v F∂ hkvXp-Xbpw \mw F√m tI{μKh¿sΩ≠pIfpw an° kwÿm\ Kh¿sa-≠p-Ifpw Hm¿Øn-cn-°-Ww. tI{μw \¬Ip∂ {Km‚p-Ifpw XpS¿®-bmbn ]n≥Xp-S¿∂p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p∂ DZm-c-h¬°-cW \bk_vkn-Un-Ifpw hmbv]-Ifpw a‰m-\p-Iq-ey-ßfpw ß-fpsS Zpjv^e-߃ A\p-`-hn-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂-h-cmWv C¥ysh´n-°p-d-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂-Xv, kwÿm-\-ß-fpsS bnse P\-߃. Xß-fpsS ASn-ÿm\ Bh-iy-ß-sfbpw Pohnhnj-aß - ƒ h¿[n-∏n-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-Ib - m-Wv. GsXtXm-]m-[n-I-sfbpw ap≥\n¿Øn-s°m≠v X߃°v D]-Im-c-{]-Z-amb ¶nepw kwÿm\ Kh¿sΩ≠v _Z¬ \b-߃ \S\b-߃ ]›n-a_ - w-Km-fn-sebpw tIc-fØ - n-sebpw Kh¿sΩ-≠p-Iƒ ∏m° m≥ {ian° p∂ Xv XSb p∂ X n∂ p-th≠n [\Fß-s\-bmWv \S-∏m-°m≥ t]mIp-∂-sX-∂v, B P\-߃ BImwImcy Iaoj \ ne qs Sbpw a‰p kwhn[ m-\-ß-fn-eq£m-]q¿hw t\m°n-s°m-≠n-cn-°p-Ib - mWv. tI{μ Kh¿sΩ≠v ]n¥psSbpw kwÿm\ ß ƒ°pt a¬ hnja I c a - mb \n_S¿∂p-h-cp∂ \b-߃ C¥y-bnse A[zm-\n-°p∂ P\-hn-`m-K‘\ I ƒ sI´nt b¬∏n® ps Im≠ nc n° p-I-bm-Wv. ߃°v hncp-≤-am-bn-cn-°p-tºmƒ Hcp kwÿm\ Kh¿sa≠v \Skwÿm\ Kh¿sΩ≠ pI ƒ P\ß ƒ°v \¬Inb Øn-s°m-≠p-t]m-Ip-∂-Xn-\p≈ _p≤n-ap-´p-I-sf-°p-dn®v Xß-fpsS hmKv Z m\ ß ƒ \ndt h‰ W s a∂ ps ≠¶ n¬, DZm-cXnc-s™-Sp∏v am\n-s^-tÃm-bn¬ ]›na _wKm-fnse CS-Xp-]-£h¬°c W Ø n≥ Iognse Aka a mb tI{μ˛ ap-∂Wn Nq≠n-°m-Wn-®n-´p-≠v. kwÿm\ _‘-ß-fpsS Imcyw hcpw \mfp-I-fn¬ `q]-cn-jvI-c-W-Ønepw Irjn-bnepw ssIh-cn® t\´-߃ \ne-\n¿Øp{]tXyIw {i≤n-t°-≠n-bn-cn-°p-∂p. ∂-Xn\pw hyh-km-bnI hf¿®-bpsS thKX h¿[n-∏n-°p-∂-Xn\pw Xncs™-Sp∏v ^ew tZiob cm{„o-b-Øn¬ sNep-Øn{Kmao-W-ta-J-e-bnepw \K-c-ß-fnepw ]›m-Øe kuI-cy-߃ ]Sptb°m-hp∂ kzm[o-\-amWv ]›na _wKm-fn-sebpw Øp-b¿Øp-∂-Xn\pw sXmgn¬ Ah-k-c-߃ h¿≤n-∏n-°p-∂-Xn\pw tIcf-Øn-sebpw a‰v kwÿm-\-ß-fn-sebpw XnchnZym-`ym-kØ - n-s‚bpw BtcmKy hyh-ÿb - p-sSbpw KpW-\n-eh - mcw s™Sp-∏p-Isf kn]n.-sF.-FΩpw a‰p CS-Xp-]£ hn]p-e-am-°p-∂-Xn\pw Db¿Øp-∂-Xn\pw ]›na _wKm-fnse Ggmi‡nIfpw D]-tbmK-s∏-Sp-Øn-bX - v, CS-Xp-]£ ]cnasØ CS-Xp-]£ - a - p-∂Wn Kh¿sΩ≠v {]Xn-⁄m-_≤ - a - m-Wv. ]›n]mS nI fpw \bß fpw Db¿Øn° m-Wn-°p-∂-Xn-\pa-_w-Km-fns‚ _Z¬ kao-]-\-ß-fpsS hnP-bw, Ign™ H∂c ]Xnth≠ nb mW v . ‰m-≠p-Im-e-ambn ]pØ≥ DZm-c-h¬°-cW \b-߃s°-Xn-cmbn \S∂p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p∂ ka-c-ßsf IqSp-Xƒ i‡n-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂-Xn\v CS-Xp-]-£-Øn-\-\p-Iq-e-amb Xnc-s™-Sp∏v hn[n, bp]n.-F. Kh¿sΩ-≠ns‚ Ata-cn-°≥ A\p-Iqe klm-b-I-am-bn-cn-°pw. \b-ßsf i‡n-bmbn FXn¿°p-∂Xn\v F√m P\mtIc-f-Øn-em-I-s´, XnI®pw hyXy-kvX-amb Hcp ]cnXxÿnXn-bn-em[n-]X - y-˛t- Z-im-`n-am\ i‡n-Iƒ°pw IcpØp \¬IpWv, kwÿm\ Kh¿sΩ-≠n\v Im¿jnI {]Xn-k‘n XcWw ∂X m-Wv. Cu \b-߃ Xncp-Øn-°p-∂-Xn-\p-th-≠nsNøpI F∂ hnj-a-I-c-amb ISa \nd-th-t‰-≠n-bn-cn-°p-∂-Xv. tIcbp≈ ka-c-ß-fpsS ap≥]-¥n-bn¬Ø-s∂, CS-Xpf-Ønse Im¿jnI kºZvhyh-ÿ-bn¬ {]mapJyw \mWy-hn-f]£w \ne-sIm-≈p-∂-Xm-bn-cn-°pw. Iƒ°m-Wv. Im¿jn-tIm¬∏-∂-ß-fpsS hne-Isf AhnsS \nb-{¥nk: {]Imiv Imcm´v (Peoples Democracy) °p-∂Xv kwÿm\ Kh¿sΩ-≠ns‚ \nb-{¥W ]cn-[n°v A∏p-d8

PEOPLE AGAINST GL OBALISA TION GLOBALISA OBALISATION

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a\p-jy-ap-Jw-aqSn am‰p-tºmƒ

C¥y Ata-cn° kwbp‡ N{μ-ZuXyw hcp∂p Ch-‰-Isf h√N{μ-\ntem sNmΔ-bntem sIm≠p-t]m-bn-I-f-™m¬ \n߃ c£-s∏Spw

C¥y

70 % Zcn-{Z¿

˛am-[yaw

a\p-jy-ap-Jw-aqSn am‰p-tºmƒ bp.-]n.-F. `c-W-Øns‚ c≠p h¿j߃ `£y-kp-c£ ˛ Hen-®p-t]m-Ip∂p! Ipd-®p-\mƒ apºv tI{μ-`-£y-˛-s]m-Xp-hn-X-cW a{¥m-ebw kmº-ØnI Imcy-߃°m-bp≈ tI{μ-a-{¥n-k`m-k-an-Xn°v Hcp "t\m´v' (Ip-dn-∏v) \¬Ip-I-bp-≠mbn. tZiob s]mXp-an-\naw ]cn-]m-Sn-°pw, cmPy-Øns‚ `£y-kp-c-£°pw ISpØ `ojWn Db¿Øp-∂-XmWv Cu Ipdn-∏v. tZio-b-ambn tKmX-ºns‚ tiJ-cØn¬ h∂n-´p≈ CSn-hns‚ ]›m-Ø-e-Øn¬, tKmX-ºns‚ hn\n-tbm-Khpw hnX-c-Whpw kw_-‘n®p≈ Nne {]tXyI \n¿t±-i-ß-fmWv AXn-ep-≠m-bn-cp-∂-Xv. A©v e£w S¨tKm-Xºv Ct∏mƒ Xs∂ Cd-°p-aXn sNbvXpIgn-™p. 35 e£w S¨ IqSn Cd--°p-aXn sNøm-\p≈ sS‚¿ \¬In-bn-´p-≠v. 2007 G{]n-en¬ cmPy-Øp-≠m-hp-sa∂v {]Xo-£n-°p∂ 59 e£w S¨IqSn Cd-°p-aXn sNøm-\p≈ sS‚¿ \¬In-bn-´p-≠v. 2007 G{]n-en¬ cmPy-Øp-≠m-hp-sa∂v {]Xo£n-°p∂ 59 e£w S¨ tKmX-ºns‚ IΩn Cßs\ \nI-Ø-s∏-Sp-sa∂v a{¥m-ebw {]Xo-£n-°p-∂p. F´v {][m\ \n¿t±-i-ß-fmWv `£y-˛-s]m-Xp-hn-X-cW a{¥m-e-b-Øns‚ Ipdn-∏n¬ AS-ßn-bn-cn-°p-∂-Xv.  kwÿm\ Kh¨sa‚p-Iƒ°p≈ tKmXºv hnlnXw sh´n-°p-d-°p-I.  tKmX-ºn\p ]Icw XmW-Xcw a‰v [m\y-߃ \¬Ip-I.  {KmaoW sXmgn¬Zm\ ]≤-Xn°v Iqen-bmbn \¬Ip∂ tKmXºv ths≠-∂p-h-bv°p-I.  hcƒ®m-_m-[nX {]tZ-i-߃°p≈ A[n-I-[m-\y-hn-lnXw ]n≥h-en-°p-I.  Zcn-{Z¿°pw A√m-Ø-h¿°pw (APL/BPL) s]mXp-hn-X-c-W-kw-hn-[m\w hgn \¬Ip∂ tKmX-ºns‚ hne Iq´p-I.  APL/BPL Im¿Up-≈-h¿°v Ct∏mƒ \¬Ip∂ {]Xn-am-k-[m-\y-hn-lnXw 35 Intem-bn¬ \n∂v 30 Bbn Ipd-bv°-Ww.  s]mXp-I-tºm-f-Øn¬ `£y-hne ]nSn-®p-\n¿Øm-\mbn Ct∏mƒ sNøp-∂-Xp-t]mse F^v.-kn.-sF. hgnbp≈ CS-s]-S¬ \n¿Ø-Ww. tKmXºv tiJ-c-Ønse Ipdhv ImcWw X¬°mew sNdnb Af-hn¬ tKmX-ºn\p ]Icw Acntbm a‰v `£y-[m-\y-ßsf s]mXp-hn-X-c-W-kw-hn-[m-\-Øn-eqsS \¬Im≥ Xocp-am-\n-®m¬ AXv a\-kn-em-°mw. F∂m¬ tKmXºv Cd-°p-aXn sNøm≥ CjvS-as√¶n¬ tKmX-ºns‚ s]mXp-hn-X-cWw Xs∂ th≠∂p 9

PEOPLE AGAINST GL OBALISA TION GLOBALISA OBALISATION

BtKm-f-h¬°-c-W-Øn-s\-Xnsc P\-߃


a\p-jy-ap-Jw-aqSn am‰p-tºmƒ

hbv°m-sa-∂mWv `£y-a-{¥m-ebw \n¿t±-in-°p-∂-Xv. Cu Ah-kcw apX-em°n cmPysØ s]mXp-hn-X-cW kwhn[m\w "]cn-jvI-cn®p' If-bm-sa∂pw Ah¿ Xocp-am-\n-®ncn-°p-I-bm-Wv. Hcm-tem-N-\°pw Ah-kcw \¬ImsX kwÿm-\-߃°p≈ tI{μ tKmXºv hnlnXw CXn-t\mSIw GI-]-£o-b-ambn tI{μ-K-h¨sa‚ v sh´n-°p-d-°pIbpw sNbvXn-cn-°p-∂p. 2004-˛05¬ s]mXp-hn-X-c-W-Øn\v (APL/BPL Im¿Up-S-a-Iƒ°v) _wKmƒ kwÿm-\-Øn\v tI{μ-]q-fn¬ \n∂v 2.22 e£w S¨ tKmX-ºmWv \¬In-bn-cp-∂-Xv. AXv 1.51 e£w SÆmbn Ct∏mƒ sh´n-°p-d-®-Xmbn _wKmƒ s^b¿ ss{]kv Uotegvkv Atkm-kn-tb-j≥ ]d-bp∂p! cmPysØ 5 h≥InS F^v . - k n.- s F. tKmUu- W p- I - f n¬ tKmXºv tiJcw H´p-an-√. 2006 G{]n¬ amk-tØmsS 59 dm°vkv tKmXºv Bh-iy-s∏-´n-cp∂ ÿm\Øv 15-dmIvkv am{Xta tKmUu- W p- I - f n- s e- Ø n- b n- ´ p- ≈ q. {KmaoW sXmgn¬Zm- \ - ] - ≤ - X n- b n¬ Iqen- b mbn \¬In- b n- c p∂ 5 Intem -tKm-Xºv 3 Bbn sh´n-°p-d-®n-´p-ap-≠v. Cu ]≤Xn-°p≈ tKmX-ºv hnlnXw bYm¿∞-Øn¬ ths≠∂v h®-Xm-bmWv kwÿm\ Kh¨sa‚p-Iƒ ]cm-Xn-s∏-Sp∂-Xv. tI{μ-K-h¨sa‚ v Xo{h-ambn \S-∏m-°p∂ BtKm-f-h¬°-cW-\b - ß - f - psS ^e-amWv cmPysØ `£y D¬∏m-Z\ hnXcWkwhn-[m-\Ø - n¬ Ct∏m-gp-≠m-bn-cn-°p∂ {]Xn-k‘ - n. Cu ]cn-Wm-a-Øn\v 4 kp{]-[m\ Imc-W-ß-fm-Wp-≈-Xv. tKmXºv D¬∏m-Z-\-Øn¬ h∂n-cn-°p∂ `oa-amb Ipdhv, `£y[m\y D¬∏m-Z-\-Øn\v cmPyw \¬Inb aq≥K-W\ ]n≥h-en-®-Xns‚ ^e-ambn Ib-‰p-a-Xn-°p≈ \mWy-hn-fIƒ°v {]m[m\yw \¬Ip∂ ]pXnb Im¿jn-I\ - b - Ø - ns‚ {]Xn-^-e\amWv. `£y-kp-c-£m-]-cn-[n-bn¬ \n∂v A]I-S-I-c-amw-hn[w Xmtg°v tKmXºv D¬∏m-Z\w Ipd™p! P\-kw-Jym-h¿≤\ \nc-°nepw Xmtg°v `£y-[m\y D¬∏m-Z\ - h - f - ¿®m-\n-c°v k©-cn-°p-Ib - mWv Chn-sS. Ign™ h¿jw 68.5 Zi-e£w S¨ tKmX-ºns‚ Ipd-hmWv tcJs∏-Sp-Øn-b-sX-¶n¬Cu h¿jw AXv 71 Zi-e£w SÆmbn ho≠pw Db¿∂n-cn-°p∂p! ]©m-_v, lcn-bm-\, ]Sn-™md≥ bp.-]n. XpS-ßnb h≥ tKmXºv D¬∏m-Z-\-ta-J-e-Ifn¬ ]mS-߃ ^e-`q-bn-jvS-am-°m-s\∂ t]cn¬ Bcw`n® "hnf-ssh-hn-[y-h¬°-cWw' Ib‰paXn \mWy-hn-fIƒ°m-bp≈ D¬∏m-Z-\hpw ap≥K-W-\-bp-ambn ]cn-W-an®n-cn-°p-∂p. tKmXºv t]mse-bp≈ kp{]-[m\amsbmcp `£y-[m-\y-hnf D¬∏m-Zn-∏n-°m≥ _Z¬ CSw Is≠-ØmsX-bp≈ Cu "sshhn-[y-h¬°-cWw' k¿°m¿ t{]m’mln-∏n-°p-∂Xv hn\m-i-I-c-amb {]Xym-Lm-X-ß-fp-≠m-°psa∂v Ct∏mƒt∏mepw k¿°m¿ a\- n-em-°p-∂n-√. tKmX-ºns‚ k¿°m¿Xe kw`-cWw Hmtcm h¿jhpw a\x]q¿Δw Ipd-®p-sIm-≠p-h-cn-I-bm-bn-cp∂p F∂-XmWv {]Xnk-‘n-bpsS {][m-\-s∏´ as‰mcp Imc-Ww. 2001-˛02¬ cmPyØv 206 e£w S¨tKm-Xºv kw`-cn-®n-cp-∂p. Cu h¿jw CXv 92 e£w S¨ am{X-ambn Ipd-™p. I¿jI¿°v "sa®-s∏´ hne Dd-∏p-h-cpØm's\∂ hymtP\ tKmXºv kw`-cW cwK-tØ°v kzIm-cy-I-º-\n-Isf Ibdq-cn-hn-´p. "Im¿jnI D¬∏∂ \nba'Ønse am‰-߃, F^v.k - n.-sF.tb adn-IS- ∂v Dƒ\m-S≥ {Kma-ßf - n¬t∏mepw IS-∂p-sN∂v tKmXºv kw`-cn-°m≥ kzImcy I®-h-S°msc A\p-h-Zn-°p∂p! IqSmsX Itºm-f-\n-Ip-Xn-Iƒ \¬ImsX B¿°pw tKmXºv kw`-cn-°m-sa∂v h∂tXmsS ]qgvXn-h-bv∏p-Im¿ apX¬ A¥m-cmjv{S Iº-\n-I10

Im¿jn-I-ta-J-e-bn¬ IpØ-I-I-fpsS hnf-bm´w tZi-hn-tZ-i-Ip-Ø-I-Iƒ C¥y-bnse Im¿jn-I-ta-J-esb hngpßn°gn-™p. kmº-Øn-I-cw-KØv h≥{]-Xym-Lm-X-߃°v CXv Imc-W-am-Ipw. Ct∏mƒØs∂ 40,000-tØmfw I¿j-I¿ hnhn[ kwÿm-\-ß-fn-embn Bfl-lXy sNbvXp-I-gn-™p. IpØ-I-Iƒ Im¿jn-I-ta-J-e-bn¬ ]nSn-ap-dp-°p-tºmƒ {Kmao-W-Po-hnXw ]m∏-cmhpw. 1885¬ cq]o-Ir-X-amb C¥y≥ \mj-W¬ tIm¨{Kkv I¿jI-cpsS {]iv\-ß-fn¬ kPo-h-ambn CS-s]-Sp-∂Xv 1917se Nºm-c≥ kXym-{K-l-tØm-sS-bm-Wv. Km‘n-Pn-bpsS t\Xr-Xz-Øn¬ km[mcW I¿j-Isc AWn-\n-c-Øn-bm-bn-cp∂p kXym-{K-lw. \nc-£ccpw ]mh-s∏-´-h-cp-amb I¿j-I-cpsS {]iv\-ß-fn¬ tIm¨{Kkv kPo-h-ambn {]h¿Øn-®p. {_n´ojv km{am-Py-Xz-Øn-s\-Xnsc B™-Sn-°m≥ Km‘n-Pn°v Ign-™p. tIm¨{K-kns‚ kph¿W-Pq-_nen ktΩ-f-\-Øn¬ A[y-£X hln-®p-sIm≠v Ph-l¿em¬ s\lvdp C¥y≥ Im¿jn-I-ta-J-e-bn¬ hnπ-h-I-c-amb ]cn-]m-Sn-Iƒ {]Jym-]n-®p. Iq´p-Irjn k{º-Zmbw t{]m’m-ln-∏n-°m\pw I¿jsØm-gn-em-fn-Iƒ°v IqSp-X¬ sXmgn-e-h-k-c-߃ kr„n-°m\pw ]cn-]m-Sn-Iƒ Xøm-dm-°n. 1959¬ \mKv]q-cn¬ tN¿∂ tIm¨{Kkv ktΩ-f\w s\lvdp-hns‚ ]cn-]m-Sn-Iƒ°v ]q¿W ]n¥pW {]Jym]n-®p. ]t£ 1990HmSp IqSn BtKm-f-Ip-Ø-II - ƒ C¥y≥ Im¿jnI-ta-Je - b - n¬ btY„w hnl-cn-°m≥ XpS-ßn. Icm¿ Irjn-sb-°p-dn®v BtKm-f-`o-a-∑m-cmb FAO AXns‚ Hcp {]kn-≤o-I-c-W-Øn¬ ]d-bp-∂Xv {i≤n-°p-I. Irjn sNøp∂ I¿j-I-cpsS Iq´m-bva-bmWv Icm¿Ir-jn. Dev]-∂-Øns‚ hne ap≥Iq´n Xocp-am-\n-°-s∏-Spw. ]t£ F¥v, Ft∏mƒ, FhnsS Irjn sNø-W-sa∂v aƒ´n-\m-j-W¬ IpØ-I-I-fmWv Xocp-am-\n°p-I. IpØ-I-I-fpsS em`w h¿≤n-∏n-°pI F∂-XmWv Ch-cpsS e£yw. Im¿jn-I-ta-J-e-bnse sXmgn-e-h-k-c-߃ Ipd-bp-Ibpw I¿j-I-cpsS Bfl-lXy IqSn-°qSn hcn-Ibpw sNøpw. sNdp-In-S, ]cn-anX I¿j-I-cpsS `qan, Iº-\n-Iƒ G‰p-hm-ßpw. sNdnb XpI I¿j-I¿°v hmS-I-bmbn In´p-sa-¶nepw Zqc-hym-]-I-amb {]XymLm-X-߃ {Kmao-W-k-ºZv hyh-ÿ-bn¬ kr„n-°-s∏-Sp-I-bm-Wv. Icm¿Irjn k{º-Zmbw (Contract Farming) C¥y-bn¬ BZy-ambn sIm≠p-h-∂Xv s]]vkn ^pUvkv enan-‰Uv F∂ IpØ-I-bmWv. 22 tImSn cq] apS°n ]©m-_n¬ Ah¿ ^mŒdn XpS-ßn. X°mfn Irjn sNøm≥ Ah¿ Icm-d-Sn-ÿm-\-Øn¬ I¿j-Isc G¿∏m-Sm-°n. C∂v Ah¿ _kp-aXn Acnbpw apfIpw Dcp-f-°ngßpw FÆ-°-cp-°fpw Icm-d-Sn-ÿm-\-Øn¬ Irjn-sN-øp-∂p. _n.-sP.-]n.-bpsS AP-≠-bnepw Icm¿Irjn t{]m’m-l\w apJy AP-≠-bmWv. KpP-dmØv apJy-a{¥n tamUn IpØ-I-Isf Icm-d-Snÿ-\-Øn¬ Irjn sNøm≥ £Wn-®n-cp-∂p. tKmXºv Irjn-°mbn a[y-{]-tZ-in¬ lnμp-ÿm≥ enh¿, ICICI, Sm‰m-{Kq∏v XpS-ßn-b-h¿ Icm-dp-d-∏n-®p. Sm‰m-{Kq∏pw dmenkv Iº-\nbpw Irjn \S-Øm\pw, ICICI I¿j-I-hmbv] \¬Im-\pw, lnμp-ÿm≥ enh¿ tKmXºv hmßm-\pw. Im¿jn-I-cm-Py-amb C¥y-bn¬ Irjnsb kw_-‘n®v tZiob {]m[m-\y-sam∂pw \¬Im-sX-bp≈ CS-s]-S-emWv k¿°mcp-Iƒ \S-Øp-∂-Xv. Im¿jn-I-ta-J-e-bn¬ IpØ-I-Iƒ em`w In´p∂ D¬∏-∂-ß-fmWv Irjn sNøp-∂-Xv. A√msX \ap-°m-hiy-amb `£y-h-kvXp-°-f-√. Imew Ign-bp-t¥mdpw I™n-Ip-Sn°m≥ \mw a‰p cm{„-ßsf B{i-bn-t°-≠n-h-cpw. {Kma-ß-fn¬ \n∂v sXmgn-en-√mØ bphm-°ƒ \K-c-ß-fn¬ tNt°-dp-Ibpw {Kma-߃ IpØ-I-I-fpsS Iøn-em-hp-Ibpw sNøp-∂p. BtKm-f-h¬°-c-W-\-b-߃ \S-∏m°n H∂c ]Xn-‰m-≠v ]n∂n-Sptºmƒ C¥ytb hne-°p-hm-ßm≥ X°-hÆw aƒ´n-\m-j-W¬ Iº-\n-Iƒ hf¿∂p Ign-™p. \b-߃ am‰n-bm¬ am{Xta I¿jIcpw Im¿jn-I-ta-J-ebpw c£-s∏-Sp. \b-ßsf am‰m≥ bp.-]n.-F. k¿°m¿ Xøm-dm-Ip∂n-√. sI.-Pn. kp[m-I-c≥, Icn-sh-≈q¿

PEOPLE AGAINST GL OBALISA TION GLOBALISA OBALISATION

BtKm-f-h¬°-c-W-Øn-s\-Xnsc P\-߃


a\p-jy-ap-Jw-aqSn am‰p-tºmƒ

fpsS GP‚p-am¿ hsc tKmXºv hmßn-°q-´n. hnf-sh-Sp-∏ns‚ XpS-°-Øn¬ Xs∂ (G{]n¬am-kw) Im¿Kn¬, dne-b≥kv, sF.-Sn.-kn., F¥n\v "Australian Wheat Board' XpSßnbhcn¬ (C-h-cn¬ \n∂mWv k¿°m¿ tKmXºv Cd-°p-aXn sNøp-∂-Xv) {Kma-ß-fnseØn k¿°m¿ Xd-hn-e-bmb 650 cq](Izn‚¬)-bn¬ A¬]w IqSp-X¬ sImSpØv tKmXºv kw`-cn-®p. GXm≠v 3 BgvN-Iƒ°p tijw hne-bn¬ 50 cq] "t_mWkv' {]Jym-]n-®p-sIm≠v k¿°m¿ cwK-sØØn! Iº-\n-Iƒ Bh-iy-Øn-tesd kw`-cn®p Ign-™p-sh∂v Dd∏p hcp-Øn-b-Xn\p tijw I¿j-Isc I_-fn-∏n-°p-hm≥ \S-Ønb {ia-am-bn-cp∂p CXv. Npcp-°-Øn¬ k¿°m¿ kw`-cWw \ma-am-{X-am-bn, I¿j-I¿°v h¿≤n-∏n® hne e`n-®Xpan√; kzImcy Iº-\n-Iƒ Ipd-™-hn-e°v tKmX-ºp-am-bnapßpIbpw sNbvXp! Cd-°p-aXn sNøp∂ tKmX-ºn\v Izn‚-en\v 789.2 cq]-bmWv hnesb∂v Hm¿°p-I. k¿°m¿ C¥y-bnse I¿j-I¿°v {]Jym-]n® hne-tb-°mƒ 100 cq] IqSp-X¬! Acn-kw-`-c-W-Ønepw hnX-c-W-Ønepw Cu amXrI hfsc Zqc-b-√mØ `mhnbn¬ Bh¿Øn-°-s∏-Sp-sa∂v Icp-tX-≠-Xp-≠v. cmPysØ `£y-kw-`-cW hnX-cW DØ-c-hm-ZnXzw \n¿Δ-ln-°p∂ "^pUv tIm¿∏-tdj≥ Hm^v C¥y'tb X{¥-]-c-ambn £oWn-∏n-°p∂ {]{In-b-bmWv kam-¥-c-ambn \S°p-∂-Xv. Imem-Im-e-ß-fmbn kwÿm\ Kh¨sa‚p-Iƒ°pw, sXmgn¬Zm-\-]-≤-XnIƒ°pw F^v.-kn.-sF. \¬In-s°m-≠n-cn-°p∂ [m\yØns‚ hnebn¬ hfsc henb XpI IpSn-»nI D≠v. Bbn-c-°-W-°n\v tImSn-Iƒ Cßs\ IpSn-»nI D≈-Xn-s\-°pdn®v _P-‰ntem {Kma hnI-k\ `£y-h-Ip-∏p-I-fpsS IW-°p-I-fntem ]cm-a¿i-an-√. Cu tNmZy-Øn\v [\-a{¥n ]m¿en-sa‚n¬ ]d™ adp-]Sn, "F^v.-kn.-sF.°v {]tXyI IW-s°gpØv Ds≠∂mWv! F^v.-kn.-sF.-bpsS Cu Zu¿_eyw `£y-[m-\y-kw-`-c-WØnepw hnX-c-W-Ønepw s]mXp-I-tºm-f-Øn¬ CS-s]-Sm-\p≈ k¿°m-cns‚ tijnbnepw kw`-hn-°p-I-bm-Wv! `£y-[m\y D¬∏m-Z-\-Øn¬ Ak-¥p-en-Xm-h-ÿ-bp≈ kwÿm-\-߃ \nc-h-[n-bm-Wv. F^v.-kn.-sF-bpsS Cu \nk-lm-bm-hÿ `£y-IΩn t\cn-Sp∂ kwÿm-\-ß-fnse P\-ß-fpsS `£y-kp-c-£°v h≥`o-j-Wn-bmbn amdp∂p! 4.83 e£w tdj≥ tjm∏p-Iƒ hgn \S-°p∂ cmPysØ s]mXp-hn-X-cW kwhn-[m-\Øns‚Xs∂ XI¿®-bmbn CXv ]cn-W-an-®n-´p-≠v. DZm-l-c-W-ambn G‰hpw i‡-amb s]mXp-hn-Xc - W - k - w-hn-[m\w \ne-\n-∂n-cp∂ tIc-fØ - n¬, tdj≥jm-∏p-Iƒ Xs∂ hym]I-ambn AS-®p-]q-´n-s°m-≠n-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv. 1990-I-fpsS XpS-°-Øn¬, Chn-SpsØ tdj≥ IS-I-fn¬ \n∂v {]Xn-amkw icm-icn 7500 Intem Acnbpw 2000 Intem tKmXºpw hn‰p-t]m-bn-cp-∂p. 2001emhs´ CXv bYm-{Iaw 1400Dw 200-Dw-In-tem-{Km-am-bmWv Ipd-™Xv. c≠m-bn-c-am-≠n\p {]Xn-amkw icm-icn 3711 cq] hcp-am-\-ap-≠m-bn-cp∂ tdj≥ ISI-fn¬ 2001 BK-Ãnse IW-°-\p-k-cn®v tIhew 1493 cq]-bpsS hcp-am-\-ta-D≈q! ]n∂o-Sp≈ ÿnXn CXnepw IjvS-am-sW∂v ]d-tb-≠-Xn-√t√m!! e£ytI{μo-IrX (Targetted) s]mXp-hn-X-c-W-k-{º-Zmbw Zb-\ob ]cm-P-b-amsW∂v Bkq-{XW IΩo-j≥ t]mepw ]dp-b-∂p-≠v. bYm¿∞-Øn¬ Zmcn-{Zy-tc-J-°-Sn-bn¬ hcp∂ 57% Zcn-{Z¿ Ct∏mgpw Zcn-{Z-cpsS IW-°n\p ]pd-Øm-Ws{X! Zcn-{Zsc \n¿Æ-bn°p∂ coXn Ah-cpsS FÆw Ipd®p ImWn-°m-\p≈ a\x-]q¿Δ-amb {ia-ambn amdp∂p. 47 iX-am\w Ip´n-Iƒ°v t]mj-Im-lmcw e`n-°mØ C¥y-bnse ÿnXn FtXym-]ytb Ih-®p-hb - v°p-∂X - m-sW∂v Hm¿°p-I. ]Ip-Xn-bn-e[ - nIw kv{XoIfpw "hnf¿®m tcmKn'IfmWn-hnsS. ]pXnb "Im¿jnI ]cn-jvIm-cß -- ƒ' Zmcn{Zyw IqSp-X¬ thK-Øn¬ krjvSn°p-Ibpw hf¿Øp-Ibpw sNøp-∂p-sh-∂mWv hy‡-am-hp-∂-Xv. F∂n´pw km¿Δ-{Xn-Is]m-Xp-hn-X-cW kwhn-[m-\sØ k¿°m¿ ]p—tØmsS ImWp-Ibpw, XI¿°p-Ibpw sNøp∂p! CXv [m¿ΩnIamb ]niIp am{X-a-√, kmº-ØnI e£y-߃ ]mgm-°p∂ bp‡n-c-ln-X-amb ]nSn-hm-inbpamWv! \n›n-X-\n-c-°n¬ [m\y-kw-`-c-Whpw hnX-c-Whpw ths≠-∂p-hb - v°p-∂Xv s]mXp-hn-Xc - W kwhn-[m-\s - Øbpw XZzmcm P\-߃ - °v t]mjIm-lmc e`y-X-tbbpw km-cambn _m[n-°pw. sXmgn¬ ]≤-Xn-Iƒ°p≈ `£y-hn-lnXw th≠∂p hbv°p-∂Xv ^e-Øn¬ Iqen sh´n-°p-d-°-epw, [m\y-Øns‚ D]-t`m-K-Ipdhpw AXp-hgn t]mj-Im-lmc e`y-X-bnse Ipd-hp-am-bn´v amdpw. AXn-cq-£-amb hne°-b‰w A\p-`-hn-°p∂ ]›m-Ø-e-Øn¬ In´p∂ Iqen `£ym-h-iy-Øn\v t]mepw XnI-bn-√. Itºm-f-\n-c-°n¬ `£y-[m\yw hmßm-\m-hmsX hcp-I-sb-∂-Xns‚ Htc-sbmc¿∞w sXmgn-em-fn-Iƒ `£-Whpw th≠∂p hbv°pw F∂-Xm-Wv. IrXy-amb `£y-[m\y kw`-c-Whpw AXns‚ Imcy-£-a-amb hnX-c-Whpw Dd-∏p-h-cp-Øp∂ `£y-kp-c-£m-\-b-amWv cmPy-Øn\v th≠-Xv. Cu Bh-iy-Øn\v IS-I-hn-cp-≤-am-bmWv tI{μ-`-c-Wm-[n-Im-cn-Iƒ \oßp-∂Xv! H∏w s]mXp-an-\naw ]cn-]m-Sn-bpsS ImgvN-∏m-Sn\pw {]Jym-]-\-Øn\pw FXn-sc-bp≈ Zni-bn-emWv Ah¿ {]h¿Øn-°p-∂-Xv. k: hrμm Imcm´v (kn.-]n.-sF.-Fw. t]mfn‰v _yqtdm AwKw) Zn lnμp 11

tKmXºv Cd°paXnbpsS cmjv{Sobw C°pdn 36 e£w S¨ tKmXºv Cd°paXn sNøm≥ k¿°m¿ Xocpam\n®ncn°p∂p. tKmXºv kw`cWØn¬ t_m[]q¿Δw KpcpXcamb hogv N hcpØnbmWv Cd°p aXn°v k¿°m¿ Xocp-am-\n®Xv. tZiob `£ykw`cWw A´n adn°pIbpw, tÃm°n¬ h≥ Ipdhp≠mhpIbpw sNbv X t∏mƒ Izn‚- e n\v 50 cq]m A[nI hne {]Jym]n®v I¿jIscbpw \m´pImscbpw I_fn∏n°m\pw k¿°m¿ {ian®p. 1997 \p tijw G‰hpw Ipd™ tKmXºv kw`cW amWv C°pdnbp≠m bXv. hnfshSp∏pw hn¬∏\bpw Ign™v 50 cq]m t_mWkv {]Jym]n°pIbmbncp∂p k¿°m¿ I≠ X{¥w. C°pdn k¿°m¿ kw`cWnIfn¬ 60 e£w S¨ tKmX- º ns‚ IpdhmWv D≈Xv.

tZiob tKmXºv tiJcw h¿jw

1998˛99 2000˛01 2001˛02 2002˛03 2004-˛05 2005˛06 2006˛07

tKmXºv tiJcw (e£w S¨)

126.52 163.55 206.30 190.26 167.96 147.87 90.00 (km[yX)

Cu kmlNcyØn¬ tKmXºns‚ Xt±iobkw`cWw, sXm´p ap≥ h¿jsØ °mƒ 60 e£w S¨ Ipdhmbn cn°psa∂mWv IW°pIƒ ]dbp∂Xv. C¥ybpsS `£y kpc£tb XI¿°p∂ t_m[ ]q¿Δamb {iaamWv k¿°mcn t‚sX∂v hy‡w. (IW°pIƒ ˛ _nkn\ v sse≥) PEOPLE AGAINST GL OBALISA TION GLOBALISA OBALISATION

BtKm-f-h¬°-c-W-Øn-s\-Xnsc P\-߃


a\p-jy-ap-Jw-aqSn am‰p-tºmƒ

X]m¬ cwKØpw _lpcm{„°pØIIƒ 

1898se t]mÃm∏okv \nbaØn¬ sk£≥ \mev A\pkcn®v C¥y°IØv IØpIƒ ssIImcyw sNøp∂Xn\p≈ ]q¿W AhImiw (IpØI) X]m¬ hIp∏n\mWv CXv. \nba]pkvXIØn¬am{Xw HXpßn \n¬°p∂XmsW¶n¬ t]mepw Cu IpØI DZmch¬°cW\bØns\XncmWv ! kzImcy taJebv ° pIqSn Cu cwKØv \nbahnt[bambnØs∂ {]h¿Ø\ kzmX{¥yw A\phZn°Ww. AXn\mbn \nehnep≈ X]m¬\nbaØnse hIp∏pIƒ t`ZKXn sNøWw. CØcØn¬ X]m¬taJebn¬ DZmch¬°cWw AYhm kzImcyh¬°cWw \S∏nem°p∂Xns‚ `mKambn´mWv X]m¬ t`ZKXn _n¬ 2006 ]m¿esa≠n¬ sIm≠phcp∂Xv. 1898se \nbaw t`ZKXn sNbvXv IØpIƒ ssIImcyw sNøp∂Xn\v X]m¬hIp∏n\p≈ IpØI ]q¿Wambpw FSpØp Ifbm\pw sImdnb¿ k¿ΔokpIƒ°v F√mhn[ X]mepcp∏SnIfpw btY„w ssIImcyw sNøp∂Xn\v ssek≥kv \¬Iphm\pap≈ X]m¬ \nbat`ZKXn_n¬ 2002 sabv 17\v _nsP]n t\XrXzØnep≈ F≥UnF Kh¿sΩ≠v ]m¿esa≠n¬ AhXcn∏n°pIbp≠mbn. AXn\papºv 1986¬ tIm¨{Kkv Kh¿sΩ≠v CØcsamcp _n¬ ]m¿esa≠n¬ ]mkm°nsb¶nepw A∂sØ cm{„]Xnbmbncp∂ skbn¬knMv _n√nse hIp∏pIƒ IØpIfpsS D≈S°Øns‚ kzImcyXbv°pw cmPyXm¬]cyØn\pw `ojWnbmhpw F∂ ImcWØm¬ H∏nSm≥ Iq´m°msX Xncn®b°pIbmWp≠mbXv. XpS¿∂v _n¬ \nbaam-bn-√. 2002¬ F≥.Un.F. Kh¿sa≠v sIm≠ph∂ _n√ns\Xnsc Poh\°mcpsS kwLS\Ifn¬\n∂pw P\{]Xn\n[nIfn¬\n∂pw i‡amb FXn¿∏v Db¿∂phcnIbp≠mbn. CtXØpS¿∂v _n¬ IayqWnt°j≥kv hIp∏ns‚ ]m¿esa≠dn Ãm≥UnMv IΩ‰nbpsS ]cnKW\°b°m≥ Kh¿sa≠v Xocpam\n®p. 2003 PqWn¬ Ãm≥UnMv IΩ‰nbpsS ip]m¿i kv]o°¿°v ka¿∏n®p. IØpIƒ ssIImcyw sNøp∂Xn\p≈ IpØI X]m¬hIp∏n¬ Xs∂ \ne\n¿ØWsa∂pw IØpIsfmgn®p≈ a‰v X]mepcp∏SnIƒ ssIImcyw sNøp∂Xn\v sImdnb¿ k¿hokpIƒ°v ssek≥kv \¬Imhp∂XmsW∂p ambncp∂p `cW{]Xn]£hyXymkan√msX F√m ]m¿SnIfpsSbpw AwKßfSßnb Ãm≥‚nMv IΩ‰nbpsS GIIWvTamb ip]m¿i, kzImcy taJesb IØpIƒ ssIImcyw sNøm≥ G¬]n°p∂Xv IØpIfpsS D≈S°Øns‚ kzImcyXbv°pw cmPyXm¬]cyØn\pw lm\nIcamhpw F∂ ImcWØmemWv X]m¬ hIp∏ns‚ IpØI \ne\n¿ØWw F∂v IΩn‰n ip]m¿i sNbv X Xv . F≥Un.F Kh¿sa≠ns‚ ImeØv Cu _n¬ ]cnKW\s°SpØn√. Atacn°, {^m≥kv, ssN\, Xmbvem≠v, _w•mtZiv, atejy, tlmt¶mMv, {_ko¬ XpSßnb cmPyßfn¬ Ct∏mgpw IØpIƒ ssIImcyw sNøm\p≈ ]q¿W IpØI Kh¿sa≠pSabnep≈ X]m¬ hIp∏n\mWv . I\U, s\X¿e‚ v, Bkvt{Senb, kzn‰vk¿e≠v XpSßnb \nch[n cmPyßfn¬ 1000 {Kmw hscbp≈ X]mepcp∏SnIƒ ssIImcyw sNøm\p≈ AhImiw Kh¿sΩ≠pSabnep≈ X]m¬ hIp∏n\v am{XamWv. a‰v cmPyßfnepw \n›nX `mcw hscbp≈ IØpIƒ X]m¬ hIp∏pXs∂bmWv ssIImcyw sNøp∂Xv. Kh¿sa≠pSaÿXbnep≈ X]m¬ hIp∏ns‚ IpØI Ahkm\n∏n°p∂ Xn\p≈ t`ZKXn _n¬ Atacn°≥ tIm¨{Kkn¬ ]cmPbs∏SpIbmWp ≠mbXv. Cu hkvXpXIfmsI ]cnKWn®tijamWv Ãm≥UnMv IΩn‰n AXns‚ ip]m¿i ka¿∏n®Xv. X]m¬ \nbat`ZKXn _n¬ \nbaam°m\p≈ \o°w bp]nF Kh¿sa≠v Bcw`n®ncn°bmWv. _n√ns‚ IcSv cq]w X]m¬ hIp∏ns‚ sh_vsk‰n¬ {]kn≤oIcn®n´p≠v. ]m¿esa≠dn Ãm≥UnMv IΩn‰nbpsS ip]m¿ibn¬ sh≈w tN¿ØpsIm≠v IØpIƒ F∂p ]d™m¬ 300{Kmw hscbp≈ X]mepcp∏SnIƒ am{XamWv F∂v \n¿hNn°m\mWv tI{μKh¿sΩ≠v Xocpam\n®ncn°p∂Xv . 500{Kmw hsc F∂Xmbncp∂p BZyXocpam\w hyhkmbnIfpsSbpw sImdnb¿ IpØIIfpsSbpw FXn¿∏ns\ am\n®mWv 12

h≥IpØIIƒ°pth≠n t]mì \nbat`ZKXn hyhkmbnIƒ ]dbp∂X\pkcn®v C¥ybn¬ 3500 tImSn cq]bpsS sImdnb¿ ItºmfamWv Ct∏mgp≈Xv. Izdnb¿ Iº\nIƒ°v 25,000 cq] apX¬ 10 e£w cq] hsc ssek≥kv ^okv \¬In cPnÿ sNøWsa∂mWv X]m¬ \nbat`ZKXnbn¬ ]dbp∂Xv. k¿°m¿ \nb{¥Wsam∂pw C√msX, X]m¬ taJe IpØI h¬°cn°m≥ t]mì dKpte‰¿ hcWsa∂pw \nbaw A\pimkn°p∂p! 25 e£Øn\papIfn¬ hcpam\ap≈ Izdnb¿ Iº\nIfn¬\n∂v 10% hcpam\w hmßn Hcp ^≠p≠m°psa∂pw AXp]tbmKn®v {KmaoW taJebnepw \„km[yXIfp≈ cwKØpw X]m¬ tkh\w \SØpsa∂pw \nbaw ]dbp∂p! 10,000 cq] apX¬ 5 e£w cq] hsc ssek≥kv ]pXp°m≥ h¿jmh¿jw Iº\nIƒ AS°Was{X! hyhkmbsØ \nb{¥n°m≥, Hcp sabn¬ dKpte‰dn B‚ v Uhe∏vsa‚ v AtXmdn‰nbpw (MRDA) X]m¬ ]cmXn ]cnlmc ss{S_yqWepw ÿm]n°Wsa∂pw {Um^v‰v _n√n¬ ]dbp∂p. Npcp°Øn¬ C¥y≥ t]mì Un∏m¿´vsa‚ v C√mXmhpIbpw, C≥jqd≥kv/sSentImw XpSßnb cwKßfnteXpt]mse tkh\߃ kºq¿Æambn em`tI{μoIrXamhpIbpw sNøpw. C¥ybnse km[mcW a\pjycpsS ]ca{][m\amb HchImiw IqSn Ih¿s∂Sp°phm≥ BtKmf aqe[\hpw, AhcpsS hnizkvX Z√mƒamcmb tI{μ`cWIqShpw I®sI´n Cdßnbncn°p∂psh∂mWv, t]mì \nbaw t`ZKXn (1898) {]Jym]n°p∂Xv. PEOPLE AGAINST GL OBALISA TION GLOBALISA OBALISATION

BtKm-f-h¬°-c-W-Øn-s\-Xnsc P\-߃


a\p-jy-ap-Jw-aqSn am‰p-tºmƒ

300{Kmw F∂m°n Npcp°nbXv. Cu \n_‘\bpw FSpØpIf™psIm≠v F√mhn[ X]mepcp∏SnIfpw ssIImcyw sNøm\p≈ AhImiw X߃°v \¬IWw F∂mWv Ct∏mƒ h≥InS hyhkmbnIfpsS kwLS\Ifpw sImdnb¿ Iº\nIfpw Bhiys∏Sp∂Xv. Kh¿sa≠v, Ch- c psS kΩ¿ZØn\v hgßm\p≈ km[yX IqSpXemWv. \n_‘\Ifn√msX _n¬ \nbaamhpIbm sW¶n¬ sImdnb¿ cwKØv BtKmfm[n]Xyw ÿm]n®n´p≈ Un.F®vF¬, s^Ud¬ FIv k v { ]kv , ªqUm¿´v XpSßnb {Sm≥kv \mjW¬ sImdnb¿ IpØIIƒ C¥ybn¬ ]q¿W B[n]Xyw Dd∏n°pw. Nn√d hym]mccwKØv hntZiaqe[\\nt£]w A\phZn°p∂tXmsS hmƒam¿´pt]mep≈ A¥mcm{„ IpØIIƒ B cwKw ]q¿Wambn IøS°ptºmƒ sNdpInS hym]mcnIƒ°p≠m Ip∂ AtX KXnbmbncn°pw sNdpInS sImdnbdpIƒ°v `mhnbn¬ D≠mhpI. _n¬ \nbaamhptºmƒ X]m¬ hIp∏pw sImdnb¿ Iº\nIfpw ]pXpXmbn cq]oIcn°p∂ sabn¬ sdKpte‰dn B‚ v Uhe]vsa‚ v AtXmdn‰nbpsS Iognembncn°pw {]h¿Øn°pI. sImdnb¿ k¿hokpIƒ {][m\ambpw ]´W߃ am{Xw tI{μoIcn®v {]h¿Øn°p ∂XpsIm≠v Ah¿°v em`Icamb coXnbn¬ k¿hokv \SØm≥ ]‰pw. 70 iXam\w P\ßfpw Xmakn°p∂ {Kma{]tZißfn¬ X]m¬ k¿hokv \SØm\p≈ NpaXe X]m¬ hIp∏n\mbncn°pw! kzm`mhnIambpw X]m¬ hIp∏n\v hchv Ipdhpw sNehv IqSpXep ambncn°pw. Ct∏mƒ X]m¬ hIp∏n\v \„w hcp∂ XpI tI{μ Kh¿sΩ≠v k_vknUn bmbn \¬Ip∂XpsIm≠mWv Npcpßnb hnebv ° v Im¿Uv, C≥e‚ v XpSßnb X]mepcp∏SnIƒ P\߃°v e`yam°m≥ Ignbp∂Xv. dKpte‰dn AtXmdn‰n \nehn¬ hcp∂tXmsS k_vknUn ]n≥hen°pw. X]mecp∏SnIfpsS tkh-\-Øn\p≈ ^okv (hne) h¿≤n∏n®psIm≠√msX k¿hokv \SØm\mhmØ ÿnXn kwPmX amhpw. Ct∏mƒ \nehnep≈ \nbaa\pkcn®p sImdnb¿ k¿hokpIƒ°v {]h¿Øn°m≥ A[nImcan√. F∂n´pw cmPyØv \qdpIW°n\v sImdnb¿ Iº\nIƒ {]h¿Øn°p∂p sh∂ncns° ssek≥kv e`n°p∂tXmsS sImdnb¿ k¿ΔokpIsf \nb{¥n°psa∂v ]dbp∂Xv apJhnes°Sp°m\mhn√. Npcp°n ∏d™m¬ X]m¬ \nbat`ZKXnbneqsS tI{μKh¨sa‚ v e£yanSp∂Xv C¥y≥ X]m¬ k¿hokns‚ kzImcyh¬°cWamWv. X]m¬ hIp∏ns\ c£n°m\mWv, X]m¬ \nb-a-t`-Z-KXn sIm≠phcp∂sX∂ {]NmcWw P\ßsfbpw Poh\°mscbpw sX‰n≤cn∏n°m\mWv. k: Fw. IrjvW≥ (sk{I-´dn, NFPE)

13

sSIvÃ-bn¬ sXmgn¬ \nb-a-߃ s]mfn-s®-gp-Xm≥ IΩn‰n CS-Xp-]-£-{]-Xn-tcm[w ImcWw kºq¿Æ-ambn sXmgn¬ \nb-a-߃ XI¿°m-\pw, hyh-ÿm-]n-X-ambn lb¿ B‚ v ^b¿ \nb-a-߃sIm≠p-h-cm\pw tI{μ-k¿°m-cn\v Ign-bp-∂n-√. Cu Ahÿ adn-I-S-°m≥ hyXykvX taJ-e-I-fn¬-˛-{]-tXyIw {]tXy-I-ambn Cu {]{Inb \S-Ønsb-Sp-°m-\mWv tI{μ k¿°m¿ ]≤-Xn-bn-´n-cn-°p-∂-Xv. sXmgn¬ kabw Iq´m-\pw, sXmgn¬ Icm¿ h¬°-cn-°m-\pw, sXmgn-em-fn-Isf Icm¿ hyhÿ-I-fn¬ \nb-an-°m\pw C¥y-bnse G‰hpw henb kwL-Sn-X-hy-hkmb taJ-e-bmb sSIvÃ-bn¬ cwKw Xs∂-bmWv k¿°m¿ Ct∏mƒ sXc-s™-Sp-Øn-cn-°p-∂Xv. tI{μ hmWn-Py sSIvÃ-bn¬/sXmgn¬/a-{¥namcpw kwÿm\ apJy-a-{¥n-amcpw AS-ßp∂ kanXn CXn-\mbn cq]o-Icn-®n-´p-≠v. \ne-hn¬ 9 aWn-°q¿ jn^v‰v kabw 12 Bbpw BgvN-bn¬ 48 aWn-°q¿ tPmen-sb-∂Xv 60 aWn-°q-dmbpw Db¿Øm-\m-Wv. Cu kanXn-bpsS Btem-N\! kok-W¬ sXmgn-ep-I-fpw, Hm¿U-dp-Ifpw C\n apX¬ kok-W-embn Xs∂ Icm¿ \¬In sNøp-hm\mWv thsdmcp \n¿t±iw! 2004-˛05¬ sSIvÃ-bn¬ cwKØv 1,48,506 tImSn cq]-bpsS ]pXnb \nt£]-ap-≠m-sb-∂mWv a{¥m-ebw ]d-bp-∂-Xv. ssIØdn/]cpØn hyh-kmb taJ-e-Iƒ°v Ib-‰p-aXn taJ-e-I-fpsS \nIpXn Cf-hp-Iƒ e`n-°p∂ hn[-Øn¬ kwtbm-PnX sSIvÃ-bn¬ ]m¿°p-Iƒ D≠m-°p-as{X! 2007 HmsS CØcw 25 h≥InS ]m¿°p-Iƒ D≠m-°p-sa∂v k¿°m¿ ]d-bp∂p. 75 G°¿ ÿeØv 100 tImSn cq]m \nt£-]n-°p-Ibpw 15,000 tPmen-Iƒ e`y-am-°p-Ibpw sNbvXm¬ CØcw hyh-kmb ]m¿°p-Ifm-hp-sa∂v k¿°m¿ {]Jym-]n-°p-∂p. 19.6 _ney≥ tUmf¿ sSIvÃbn¬ Ib-‰p-a-Xn-bmWv 2005-˛06¬ k¿°m¿ e£yw! 20 e£-tØmfw sXmgn-em-fn-Iƒ c≠p-h¿j-ambn Cu cwKØv IS-∂p-h-∂p-sh∂pw a{¥n ]d-bp∂p! Npcp-°-Øn¬, {]tXyI hyh-kmb taJe; sSIvt\m-fPn ]m¿°v ; sSIvÃ-bn¬ ]m¿°v XpS-ßn-b-h-sb√mw e£y-an-Sp-∂Xv c≠p Imcyß-fm-Wv. 1. Iqen-sØm-gn¬, Icm¿]-Wn, IqSnb {]h¿Øn-k-abw, Ipd™ Iqenbn¬ IqSp-X¬ D¬∏m-Z-\w. 2. h≥\n-IpXn Cf-hp-Ifpw \nIp-Xn-c-lnX D¬∏mZ\/hn]-W\hpw kuI-cy-ßfpw hyh-km-bn-Iƒ°v \¬Ip-I. 3. em`w F∂ H‰-e-£y-Øn-\mbn sXmgn-em-fn-I-tfbpw JP-\m-hn-t\bpw kºq¿Æ-ambn sIm≈-b-Sn-°pI F∂ km{am-PyXz Xm¬∏cyw \S]m-°p-I. 4. NTC F∂ s]mXp-ta-Jem irwKe k¿°m¿ ssIsøm-gn-bp-I.

PEOPLE AGAINST GL OBALISA TION GLOBALISA OBALISATION

BtKm-f-h¬°-c-W-Øn-s\-Xnsc P\-߃


a\p-jy-ap-Jw-aqSn am‰p-tºmƒ

Ib‰paXn tkmWpIƒ˛IpØIIfpsS dnπªn°v! 4 tImSn sXmgnemfnIfpsS t{]mhnU‚ v ^≠v XpI°v 9% ]eni \¬Im≥ {]Xnh¿jw k¿°m¿ A[nIambn Is≠tØ≠n hcp∂ XpI tIhew 1200 tImSn cq]bmWv.. JP\mhns‚ Xmt°m¬ kq£n∏pIm¿ ]t£ 4 tImSn hcp∂ ]mhs∏´ sXmgnemfnIƒ°v C{X henb XpI \¬Ip∂Xv cmPyØns‚ kmºØnI kpc£nXXzw XI¿°psa∂v \nc¥cw hmZn®psIm≠ncn°p∂p! F∂m¬ Ign™ H∂c Zim_vZambn GXm\pw Bbncw am{Xw hcp∂ hyhkmbnIƒ°v JP\mhn¬ \n∂v \nIpXn CfhpIfmbn {]Xnh¿jw ssIamdp∂ XpI am{Xw 60,000tImSn cq] hcpw! IY Ahkm\n°pIb√. \nIpXn Cfhns‚ Cu IpØnsbmgp°v XpS¿∂p sImt≠bncn°pIbmWpXm\pw. cmPyamsI ]S¿∂p ]nSn®n´p≈ FIvkvt]m¿´v t{]mkknwKv taJeIƒ hgn C¥ybpsS JP\mhv hyhkmbnIƒ°pth≠n `oIcambn tNm¿∂psIm≠ncn °pIbmWv. {]tXyI Ib‰paXn taJeIƒ cq]oIcn®psIm≠p≈ k¿°m¿ hn⁄m ]\w 2006 s^{_phcnbnemWv ]pds∏Sphn®Xv. ]t£ 2005 \hw_dn¬ Xs∂ 61 {]tXyI Ib‰paXn taJeIƒ°v k¿°m¿ A\paXn \¬Inbn´p≠v! 2006 G{]n¬ amktØmsS CØcw 150 taJeIƒ°v ho≠pw A\paXn \¬In! 200e[nIw ]pXnb At]£Iƒ ]cnKW \bnemWv t]mepw! F¥n\mWv {]tXyI Ib‰paXn taJe? Ib‰paXn sNbvXv hfcpI F∂XmWv BtKmf h¬°cW hnIk\X{¥w. Ib‰paXn°v h≥ k_vknUnIfpw \nIpXn CfhpIfw \¬In t{]m¬kmln∏n°p∂p! BtKmf ItºmfØn¬ a’cn°m\mWv CsXms°! hntZiØp\n∂pw kztZiØp\n∂pw Ib‰paXns°∂ t]cn¬ Cßs\ h≥ CfhpIƒ t\Sm≥ IpØIIƒ [mcmfw FØp∂p... hntZi ItºmfØn¬ a¬kcn®v em`w t\Sm≥ D¬∏∂hne Ipd°Ww. hneIpd°m\mWv \nIpXn CfhpIƒ! sXmgnemfnIfpsS am\yamb IqenbmWv hne Dbcm≥ Hcp ImcWamsW∂Xn\m¬ Ib‰paXn taJeIfn¬ ASna∏WnbmWv th≠Xv. sXmgn¬ \nba߃ AhnsS _m[Ia√! Npcp°Øn¬, hntZi\mWbw t\Sm≥ th≠n {]mIrXamb Iqenthe t{]m’mln∏n°s∏Sp∂p. cmPyØv \ne\ne\n¬°p∂ \nba ßsfm∂pw ChnsS _m[Ia√. Ah¿ \SØp∂ D¬∏mZ\Ønt\m {]{InbIƒt°m, kzcq]n°p∂ em`Ønt\m \nIpXnIƒ ASt°≠Xpan√. F¥n\v , Ib‰paXn hym]mcØn¬\n∂p≈ A‰mZmbØn\v, hcpam\ \nIpXnt]mepw CuSm°p∂n√. Ib‰paXn taJeIfn¬, F√m ASnÿm\ kuIcyßfpw k¿°m¿ sNehn¬ FØn®psImSp°pw. Ib‰paXn°v I∏epw ISepw hnam\hpsams° kuP\y\nc°n¬ A\phZn°pw! Npcp°Øn¬, Ib‰paXn taJeIƒ "{]tXyI cm{„'ßfmWv .... Itºmf hyhÿbnse hyhkmb {]`p°fpsS kz¥w Zzo]pIƒ! IpØIapXemfnam¿°v temIamsI IogS°m\p≈ ssk\nI Xmhf߃! C¥ybn¬ {]tXyIkmºØnItaJe°v 15 h¿jtØ°v \nIpXnIfn√. BZy A©ph¿jw t]cnt\m t]cn√msXsbm \nIpXnIfpsS s]mSn t]mepan√. ASpØ ]Øp h¿jw \maam{Xambn Nne \nIpXnIƒ Ds≠∂p ]dbmw. ]t£ Ib‰paXn hcpam\Øn∂pta¬ hcpam\ \nIpXn CuSm°p∂X√! Cßs\bp≈ {]tXyI kmºØnI taJeIfnte°v cmPysØ apgph≥ hyhkmbßfpw ]dn®p\´m¬ Fß\ncn°pw? JP\mhpw, k¿°mcpw, GsX∂p t\m°msX sXmgnem-fn-I-fp-sS kpc£m\nbaßfpan√msX em`w sImømw! hyhkmbw \SØmw! CXv a\knem°m≥ henb _p≤nsbm∂pw th≠t√m. 211 {]tXyIkmºØnI taJeIƒ°v A\paXn \¬In°gn™t∏mgmWv \ΩpsS [\a{¥mebØn\v Imcyw a\ nembXs{X! kmºØnI taJeIfnte°v Cßs\ tNt°dnb hyhkmbßfn¬ \n∂v am{Xw 90,000tImSn cq]bpsS {]Xy£/]tcm£ \nIpXnIƒ JP\mhn\v

14

C≥jq-d≥kv Xmco^v FSpØp If-bp-∂p. 2007 P\p-hcn apX¬ ^b¿, F©n-\o-b-dnwKv C≥jq-d≥kv Xmco^v cln-X-am-°p-hm≥ IRDA Xocp-am-\n-®n-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv. XpS¿∂p hcp∂ Hcp h¿jw sIm≠v _m°n-sb√m taJ-e-I-fn-sebpw Xmco^v FSpØp If-bm-\mWv \o°w. Cu H‰ \S]-Sn-sIm≠v Xs∂ C≥jq-d≥kv Iº-\n-I-fpsS hcp-am-\-Ønepw em`-Ønepw 40% Ipd-hp-≠m-hp-sa∂mWv Iº-\n-Iƒ IW°p Iq´p-∂-Xv. ^b¿/ F©n-\o-b-dnwKv hn`m-K-Øn¬ \„ km[y-X-Iƒ Ipd-hm-sW-∂Xpw s¢bnw \nc°v ]c-am-h[n 55% hsc am{X-am-sW-∂-Xp-amWv Cu IW-°ns‚ B[m-cw. Btcm-Kyw, tamt´m¿ hml\ C≥jqd≥kv taJ-e-I-fnse h≥\„w a‰p taJ-e-I-fnse em`w sIm≠v \nI-Ø-s∏-Sp-I-bm-Wn-t∏mƒ sNøp∂-Xv. hyh-km-b-Øns‚ \ne-\n¬∏n¬ kp{]-[m\ ]¶p-h-ln-°p∂ ^b¿/F©n-\o-b-dnwKv C≥jqd≥knse Xmco^v FSpØp If-bp-∂-tXmsS s]mXp-ta-Jem C≥jq-d≥kv Iº-\n-Iƒ h≥ \„Øn-te°v hgpXn hogm-\p≈ km[y-X-I-fm-Wp-≈Xv. Ct∏mƒ Xs∂ P\-d¬ C≥jq-d≥kv cwKØv {]h¿Øn-°p∂ 8 kzImcy Iº-\n-Iƒ-˛-\-„-km-[yX-bp≈ tamt´m¿/BtcmKy C≥jq-d≥kp-Iƒ sNøp-∂n-√. C≥jq-d≥kv Itºm-f-Øn¬ GXm≠v 27% hnlnXw CXn-t\m-SIw kz¥-am-°nb kzIm-cyI-º-\n-Iƒ cmPysØ em`-I-c-amb _nkn-\ v am{Xw Ih¿s∂-Sp-°p-I-bmWv sNøp-∂-Xv. \nehn¬ \nbaw A\p-h-Zn-°p-∂-Xns‚ Cc-´n-tbmfw IΩo-j≥ \¬In-bpw, Xmco^v \nc-°p-Iƒ ]c-kyambn ewLn®pw hyh-km-bn-I-tfbpw k¿°m¿ DtZym-Kÿ ta[m-hn-I-tfbpw kzm[o-\n-®p-amWv kzImcy Iº-\n-Iƒ _nkn-\ v kz¥-am-°p-∂-Xv. Xmco^v kwhn-[m\w C√m-Xm-hp-∂-tXmsS C≥jqd≥kv cwKw NqXm´ tI{μ-ß-fm-hp-sa∂v Dd∏v. `qcn`mKw ^b¿/F©n-\o-b-dnwKv _nkn-\-kn-s‚bpw Dd-hnSw kzImcy/k¿°m¿ Iº-\n-IfmWv. k¿°m¿ C≥jq-d≥kv Iº-\n-Iƒ°v F¥mbmepw NqXm´w km≤yhp-a-√. XpS-°-Øn¬ I®hSw Ih¿s∂-Sp-°m\pw XpS¿∂v h≥h¿≤-\-hn¬ {]oanbw hmßm\pw kzIm-cy-I-º-\n-Iƒ {ian-°pw. h≥In-S-°m-scm-gnsIbp≈htcmSv tXm∂p∂ \nc°n¬ {]oanbw h¿≤n-∏n®v hmßm\pw UoXmco^nwKv hgn Iº-\n-Iƒ°-h-kcw e`n-°pw. Npcp-°-Øn¬ C≥jq-d≥kv cwKØv \n∂v km[m-cW D]-t`m-‡m-°ƒ ]pd-Øm-hp-Itbm henb \nc-°n¬ {]oanbw AS-bv°m-\-h¿ \n¿_-‘n-XcmhpItbm sNøpw. BtKm-f-h¬°-c-W-\-b-߃ ISpØ a’-c-amWv Bh-iy-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv. a’-cn-°m-t\m, \ne\n¬°mt\m tijn-bn-√mØhtcmSv a’-cn®p t\Sm-\m-h-iy-s∏-Sp-∂Xv Ah-cpsS acWw Dd-∏p-h-cpØp-∂p. C≥jq-d≥kv taJe tZi-km¬°-cn-®Xpw Xmco-^p-Iƒ sIm≠p-h-∂Xpw˛ C¥y≥ P\-X°v \oXn-]q¿Δ-amb kmaqly kwc-£Ww e`n-°m-\mbn-cp-∂p. Cu e£yw kºq¿Æ-ambn A´n-a-dn-°m\mWv UoXm-co-^nwKv \S-∏m-°p-∂Xv... PEOPLE AGAINST GL OBALISA TION GLOBALISA OBALISATION

BtKm-f-h¬°-c-W-Øn-s\-Xnsc P\-߃


a\p-jy-ap-Jw-aqSn am‰p-tºmƒ

Nqj-W-¯nsâ ]p¯³ amXrI hcp∂ A©p h¿jw sIm≠v \„s∏Spsa∂v Ct∏mƒ [\a{¥mebw IW°pIq´nbncn°p∂p! (bYm¿∞Øn¬ AXns‚ 5 aSßv \„ap≠mhpsa∂v Duln°mw). Ib‰paXnbpsS t]cnemsW¶nepw B`y¥c ItºmfØnte°p≈ D¬∏mZ\amWn hnsSsbms° \S°p∂Xv . sshhn[yam¿∂ D¬∏∂߃ \n¿Ωn°p∂ Ib‰paXn taJe Iƒ°v 1000 slŒdpw; tkh\{][m\ D¬∏∂ ߃ am{Xw D≠m°p∂nSØv 100 slŒ¿ `qanbpw thWsa∂mbncp∂p BZysØ k¿°m¿ \n¿t±iw. 10 slŒ¿ ÿew am{Xw Bhiyap≈ hyhkmbhpw {]tXyIkmºØnI taJebpsS ]cn[nbn¬s]SpØm≥ IpØIIƒ k¿°m cn∂p ta¬ kΩ¿±w sNepØp∂Xmbn ]{X ߃ FgpXp∂p. Cßs\ cmPysØ GXp hyhkmbhpw {]tXyI kmºØnI taJ ebpsS kuIcy߃ A\p`hn°ptºmƒ kw`hn°p∂Xv CXm-bn-cn-°pw. 1. cmPysØ, D¬∏mZ\w/hn]W\cwKw sXmgn¬ \nbaßfpsS ]cn[n°v ]pdØmhpw, AYhm ASna∏Wn tZiob \bambn AwKoIcn° s∏Spw. 2. AXnkº∂cpw hyhkmbnIfpw \nIpXn Isfm∂pw ASt°≠nhcn√! Ib‰paXnbpsS t]cn¬ h¿≤n® NqjWamWv \S°pI. \mkvtImw AYhm sF.-Sn. hyhkmb kwLS\ CXns‚ NphSp]nSn®v \SØp∂ \o°ßƒ IqSpX¬ Kuchap≈ ImcyamWv. cmPyØmsI 47 tkm^v ‰ v shb¿ ]m¿°pIƒ (sSIv t \m ]m¿°v t]mse) Ct∏mgp≠v. 6500 Iº\nIƒ ChnsS {]h¿Øn°p∂p≠v. 1 e£w tImSnbpsS tkm^v‰vshb¿ Ib‰paXnbmWv ChnSp∂msI \S°p∂Xs{X! Cu ]m¿°pIƒs°√mw H∂pIn¬ {]tXyI kmºØnItaJebpsS Ãm‰kv \¬IpItbm As√¶n¬ {]tXyIkmº ØnI taJebnte°v Ch ]dn®p \SpItbm thWsa∂v Ah¿ k¿°mcnt\mSv Bhiys∏ Sp∂p. AXmbXv Iqen∏Wn°p≈ k¿°m¿ A\paXnbpw, \nIpXnclnX D¬∏mZ\Øn\pw Ib‰paXn°p ap≈ kΩXhpamWh¿ tNmZn°p∂Xv! Kh¨ sa‚ v hfsc KuchtØmsS \mkvtIm ans‚ \n¿t±iw ]cnKWn®psIm≠ncn°pIbmsW∂v _nkn\ v sse≥ dnt∏m¿´v sNøp∂p!!(D-Ø-chv Cd-ßn-°-gn-™p) Npcp°Øn¬ {]tXyIkmºØnItaJeIƒ sXmgnemfnIsf Iqen∏Wn°mcm°pIbpw AhcpsS F√m kpc£m]≤XnIfpw FSpØp am‰pIbpw sNøp∂p! IqSmsX, JP\mhv A¥mcmjv{S IpØIIƒ°v ssIam‰w sNøs∏Spw. k¿°m¿ Hcp t\m°p IpØnbmbn amdpw. CsXms° bmsW¶nepw, Ib‰paXntaJeIfpsS ]n∂nse cmjv{Sobw ]nSnIn´mØh¿ C\nbpw F{Xtbm D≠v. AXn¬ Nne CS-Xp-]-£-°mcpw Dƒs∏-Spw! (t]Pv 21 ImWp-I) 15

   

IT hyh-kmbw {]tXy-Ik - m-¼¯ - nI taJeIfmbn {]Jym-]n-¡p-It- bm, sSIvt\m-]mÀ¡p-I-fnÂ\n¶v Ah ]dn¨p \Sp-Itbm thW-sa-¶mWv ‘\mkvtIman’ sâ Bhiyw. IT]mÀ¡p-IÄ¡v C¶p e`n-¡p¶ \nIpXn-bn-f-hp-IÄ 2010HmsS \n¡p-sa¶ ‘`oXn’ bmWv CXn\p ]n¶nÂ. hcp-am\ \nIp-Xn-bpsS Imcy-¯nÂ, {]tXyI km¼-¯nI taJ-e-IÄ 10 hÀjs¯ k¼qÀ® \nIpXn clnX taJ-e-bm-Wv. IqSmsX 15 hÀj-t¯¡v aäv \nIpXn Cf-hp-Ifpw D-v. sSIvt\m ]mÀ¡p-IÄ¡v 2010 hsc am{X-amWv \nIpXn th-¶p h¨n-«p-ÅXv! CXp am{X-amWv km¼-¯n-I-ta-J-ebpw sSIvt\m-]mÀ¡pw X½n-epÅ hyXym-kw. {]tXyI km¼-¯nI taJ-e-¡pw, sSIvt\m ]mÀ¡p-I-fnse IT I¼-\nIÄ¡pw, aqe-[\ tkh-\-§fpw D¸-¶-§fpw kam-l-cn-¡p-¶Xn\v sk³{S FIvkvsskÊv, IÌw-kv, sk³{S skbvÂkv SmIvkv, tkh\ \nIpXn XpS-§n-b-h-sbm¶pw _m[-I-a-söv HmÀ¡p-I. CXp IqSmsX kwØm\ \nIp-Xn-I-fmb VAT, {]mtZ-inI hn¸\ \nIpXn, ehn- I Ä XpS- § n- b - h bv ¡ pw k¼qÀ® Cf- h p- - p - X m\pw. F¶n«pw F´n-\m-Wv, sSIvt\m ]mÀ¡v Dt]-£n¨v {]tXyI km¼-¯nI taJe- I Ä tXSp- ¶ - X v . F¶ tNmZy- ¯ n- \ p- ¯ - c - a n- à . AsX- ´ m- b mepw k¼qÀ® \nIpXn clnX hyh-km-b-¯n-eqsS Hcp cmPy-¯nsâ JP\mhv Xs¶ tNmÀ¯n-s¡m-Sp-¡p-Ib - mWv Kh¬saâ v sN¿p-¶X - v. hyhkmb ]Ým-¯e kuI-cy-§Ä kuP-\y-ambn Hcp-¡n-s¡m-Sp¡p¶p. kuP-\y-§-fpsS irwKe Xs¶ CXn\v A\p-_-Ô-ambn D-v. sXmgn \nb-a§ - t- fm, \nÝn-Xa - mb B\p-Iq-ey-§tfm \ÂIm-sX-bpÅ ‘{]hÀ¯-\-kzm-X{´yw’ e`n-¡m³ DÅ Xm¸cyw F{X Bbncw tImSn-I-fpsS em`-am-sW¶v IqSn tNmZn-¡p-¶sX¶v Duln-¡mw. BcmWv Cu hyh-kmb \b-¯nsâ KpWt`màm-¡Ä F¶v hyàam-Wv. h³ hyh-km-bn-Ifpw hntZ-i-Ip-¯-IIfpw hne-Ip-dª Cu Ib-äp-aXn D¸-\-§Ä hm§m³ Ah-kcw e`n¡p¶ hntZ-i-cm-{ã-§-fnse AXn-k-¼-¶cpw. Ib-äp-aX - n-¡m-cpw, IT I¼-\n-Ifpw Hmtcm hÀjhpw c-pw aq¶pw aS§v em`w sIm¿p-¶Xpw 200% hsc Unhn-Uâ v {]Jym-]n-¡p-¶-Xp-sams¡ Cu cmPy-¯nsâ JP-\m-hn-sâbpw sXmgn-em-fn-I-fp-sS-bpw, kÀ¡mÀ aS¡n Npcp-«p¶ kmaq-ly-kp-c£ - m-]² - X - n-If - p-tSbpw sNe-hn-em-sW¶v Npcp¡w! CXmWv B[p-\nI apX-em-fn¯ Nqj-W-¯nsâ coXn.... (t]Pv 21 ImWp-I)

sSIvÃ-bn¬ cwKØv BcmWv t\Sp-∂Xv? GI-tZiw 70,000 ]h¿eqw bqWn-‰p-I-fmWv C¥y-bn-ep-≠m-bn-cp-∂-Xv... CXns‚ t\¿]-IpXn Ign™ Ipsd h¿j-ß-fmbn {]h¿Ø-\-c-lnX-am-Wv. ssN\-bn¬\n∂pw h≥tXm-Xn-ep≈ kn¬°v D¬∏-∂ß-fpsS Cd-°p-aX - n-bmWv Cu hyh-km-bsØ sIm∂p sIm≠n-cn-°p-∂X - v. as‰√m-ta-Je - I - f - n-ep-ap-≈X - p-t]mse hntZ-iØ - p-\n∂pw \nIpXn cln-Xa - mbn FØp∂ D¬∏-∂-߃ Xt±-iob hyh-km-b-sØbpw AhnsS ]Wnsb- S p- ° p∂ sXmgn- e m- f n- I - s fbpw A\m- Y - a m- ° p∂p! Hcp ao‰¿ kn¬°n\v H∂p apX¬ Ht∂- I m¬ tUmf¿ hsc hne- ° mWv ssN\okv Ib-‰p-aXn°m¿ C¥y-bn¬ kn¬°v FØn-°p-∂Xv. CtX D¬∏-\-Øns‚ C¥y-bnse D¬∏m-Z\ sNehv c≠c apX¬ \mev tUmf¿ hsc-bmWv! Ign™ 5 h¿jw sIm≠v ssN\okv kn¬°ns‚ C¥y-bn-te-°p≈ Ib-‰p-aXn 6560 iX-am\w I≠v h¿≤n-®p-sh-∂mWv sk≥{S¬ kn¬°v t_m¿Uv ]d-bp-∂-Xv. 2000-˛01 ¬ 14.48 e£w ao‰¿ kn¬°m-bn-cp∂p ssN\-bn¬ \n∂v C¥y-bnseØnb-Xv. 2004-˛05¬ 9.6 tImSn ao‰¿ kn¬°v ChnsS Cd-°p-aXn sNø-s∏-´p. kn¬°ns‚ Imcy-an-Xm-W¶ - n¬ Im¿jnI/hyh-kmb Cd-°p-aX - n-°mcyw F{X A[nI-am-bn-cn-°p-sa∂v Duln-°p-I....

PEOPLE AGAINST GL OBALISA TION GLOBALISA OBALISATION

BtKm-f-h¬°-c-W-Øn-s\-Xnsc P\-߃


a\p-jy-ap-Jw-aqSn am‰p-tºmƒ

`qan hne°v hn‰p Xocp∂ N.T.C. an√p-Iƒ 1968-þ-emWv sSIvÌ-bn hyh-km-b-s¯bpw sXmgn-em-fn-I-sfbpw c£n-¡m³ ISp¯ XIÀ¨-bn-em-bn-cp¶ kzImcy XpWn-an-Ãp-IÄ kÀ¡mÀ Gsä-Sp¯v, \mj-W sSIvÌb - n tImÀ¸-td-j³ cq]oI-cn-¨-Xv. Gsd-¡mew \¶mbn {]hÀ¯n¨ Cu tImÀ¸-td-j³ Ignª Hcp Zim-_vZ-am-bn. AXnsâ DS-a-Ø-cpsS (kÀ¡m-dnsâ) \b- § Ä ImcWw XpSÀ¨- b mbn \ã- ¯ n- e m- W v . 2006 amÀ¨nse IW-¡-\p-k-cn¨v 9829 tImSn cq] k©nX \ã-amWv tImÀ¸-td-j-\p-Å-Xv. NTC tb c£-s¸-Sp-¯m-s\¶ t]cn cmPyamsI hym]n¨p InS-¡p¶p 80-þ¸cw anÃp-I-fn ap¡mÂ]¦pw `qan-hn-e¡v hn¡p-hm-\mWv kÀ¡mÀ Xocp-am-\w. apwss_ \Kc-¯nse 5 anÃp-IÄ Ignª hÀjw C§s\ teew sNbvXp. 2000 tImSn cq]-bmWv Cu `qan hn¸-\-bn-eqsS tiJ-cn-¨-Xv. CXp-hsc an hn¸-\-bn-eqsS 3100 tImSn-bpsS BkvXn-bmWv ssIam-dn-b-Xv! 22 I¼-\n-IÄ B[p-\o-I-cn¨v \ne-\nÀ¯p-I-bmW-s{X ]cn-]mSn. 530 tImSn cq] Cu C\-¯n sNe-hn-«p-sh¶pw NTC sNbÀam³ ]d-bp-¶p. 29 I¼-\n-IÄ kzImcy ]¦m-fn-¯t¯msS (kz-Imcy DS-aØ X - b - n-em-bn-cp¶p CsXÃmsa¶v HmÀ¡pI) ]p\:cp²-cn-¡p-sa¶pw ]d-bp¶p! 3 e£w Poh- \ - ¡ m- c p- - m - b n- c p¶ NTCbn Ah-ti-jn-¡p-¶Xv 21,000 t]cm-Wv. NTC s]mXpIt¼m-f-¯n \n¶v 1,800 tImSn cq]m ISw hm§n-bmWv 5 hÀjw sIm-v 2,80,000 sXmgn-em-fn-IÄ¡v VRS \ÂIn ]ncn-¨p-hn-«-Xv!

Ib‰paXn Ipd™p! Ib‰paXnbpw hntZi aqe[\ \nt£]hpamWv 1991˛¬ XpSßnb DZmch¬°cW \bßfpsS a{¥ßƒ. 2005˛se kmºØnI k¿sΔ Cu c≠p ImcyØnepw h≥IpXn®pNm´w \SØnbXmbn´mWv AhImis∏Sp ∂Xv, 2002˛03epw 2003˛04epw bYm{Iaw 20.3 Dw 20.4 Dw iXam\w Ib‰paXn hf¿® ssIhcn®XmWv. t\´ambn hntijn∏n°p∂Xv. 2001¬ hfsc Ipd™ Ib‰paXntb D≠mbncp∂p≈p sh∂Xn\m¬ 2002¬ hf¿®m\nc°v IqSpXembn tcJs∏SpØmw. F∂m¬ BtKmfh¬°cWImesØbpw, AXn\p apºp≈ ImesØbpw Ib‰paXn hf¿®m\nc°v t\m°nbm≥ Cu \pW ]pdØmhpw. 1990 apX¬ 2004 hscbp≈ ImesØ Ib‰paXn hf¿®bpsS icmicn 10.53% BWv. F∂m¬ 1969˛1980 ImesØ hf¿®m icmicnbmhs´ 15.66 iX-am\amWv. 80Ifnemhs´ 14.43% hf¿® t\Sn. \qdp Xcw Ib‰paXn k_vkn UnIfpw kuP\yßfpw {]Jym]n®Xn\p tijhpw Ib‰paXn IqSpIb√, IpdbpIbmWv sNbv X Xv . Ib‰paXn sNbvXphfcm≥ Bhiys∏Sp∂Xv, Iqen sh´n°pd°m\pw, hyhkmbnIƒ°v JP\mhv ssI amdm\pamsW∂v Cu IW°psIm≠v hy‡amhpw.

NnÃd hym]m-c-ta-J-e-bn hntZi \nt£-]-¯n\v A\p-a-Xn. Cu Ignª sabv 22\v hmWnPy a{´n IaÂ\mYv ]mÀen-saân ]d-ª-Xv, Nned hym]m-c-ta-J-e-bn hntZi {]Xy£ \nt£]w A\p-h-Zn-¡p-¶Xv kw_-Ôn¨v ‘\b-]-c-amb bmsXm¶pw’ Xocp-am-\n-¨n-«n-sÃ-¶m-Wv. Cu taJe Xpd¶p sImSp¡m³ WTO ¡v AS¡w BÀ¡pw kÀ¡mÀ Dd¸p sImSp-¯n-«n-söpw At±lw kqNn-¸n-¨p. F¶m 2006 ^n{_p-h-cn-bn Xs¶ dn«-bn taJ-e-bn 51% hntZi \nt£]w kÀ¡mÀ A\p-h-Zn-¨-Xm-Wv. am{X-aà a{´n C§s\ {]Jym-]n-¡p¶ Znhkw Xs¶ (sabv 23-\v) Cu taJ-e-bnse BZys¯ \nt£] A\p-aXn \ÂIp-Ibpw sNbvXp! audo-jy-kn cPn-ÌÀ sNbvX ‘Xmt\m’ I¼-\n-¡v ‘\n¡v ’ jqhpw kvt]mÀ«vkv D¸-¶-§fpw hn¡m-\pÅ BZy A\p-aXn [\-a-{´m-ebw \ÂInbncn-¡p-¶-Xv.. lcn-bm-\-bnse ‘tamPm jq ss{]häv enan-äUv ’ I¼-\n-bmWv Ah-cpsS C´y³ ]¦mfnbs{X! ]mÀen-saânse AwK-_-e-¯nse IpdhvFIvkn-Iyq-«ohv D¯-c-hp-I-fn-eqsS ‘]cn-l-cn¨p’ sIm- v apt¶dpI- b mWv bp]n.F kÀ¡mÀ !

C¥y≥ s]mXptaJe H‰ t\m´Øn¬ (cq]m tImSnbn¬) 2002þ03 skbnÂkv 5,56,437 em`w (s\äv t{]m^näv) 32,898 Hmlcnaqe[\w 1,27,176 kÀ¡mÀ Hmlcn 1,03,634 Aäaqeyw 2,77,125 k©nX\ãw 82,896 sXmgnÂiàn 20,16,766 sam¯w BØn 8,49,104 {]hÀ¯\ aqe[\w 4,35,729 D¸mZ\aqeyw 5,09,280

2003þ04 6,23,697 56,540 1,38,624 1,09,165 2,77,173 83,170 19,18,036 9,47,544 4,55,780 6,20,972

2004þ05 7,42,249 66,630 1,46,077 1,13,548 3,27,959 86,592 18,56,101 10,64,641 4,90,514 7,44,400 CAG Report 2005

16

IS-¸mSv : amXr-`qan PEOPLE AGAINST GL OBALISA TION GLOBALISA OBALISATION

BtKm-f-h¬°-c-W-Øn-s\-Xnsc P\-߃


a\p-jy-ap-Jw-aqSn am‰p-tºmƒ

s]mXptaJem _m¶pIfn¬ aq∂nsem∂v HmlcnbpSaÿX hntZi\nt£]I¿°v {^©v P\-X°v A`n-hm-Zy-߃ C¥ybnse 16 h≥InS s]mXptaJem _m¶pIfnse k¿°mcnXc HmlcnbpsS aq∂nsem∂v hnlnXw Ign™ c≠p h¿jw sIm≠v hntZi\nt£]I¿ ]nSns®SpØXmbn IW°pIƒ hy‡am°p∂p. Hmlcn ItºmfØn¬ enÃpsNøs∏´ 16 _m¶pIfn¬ 12 FÆØnepw CXmWv ÿnXn. C¥yb≥ _m¶nwKv ItºmfØns‚ 58% ssIømfp∂ tÉv _m¶v, I\dm_m¶v, ]©m_v \mjW¬ _m¶v, _m¶v Hm^v C¥y, _m¶v Hm^v _tdmUm, bqWnb≥ _m¶v Hm^v C¥y. F∂o _m¶pIfn¬, k¿°mdnXc HmlcnbpsS 44%hpw hntZi\nt£]IcptSXmWv. \nehn¬ hntZi\nt£]IcpsS Hmlcn ]¶mfnØw samØw Hmlcn aqe[\Øns‚ 20% IhnbcpsX∂p \nbaw A\pimkn°p∂p. C°mcWØm¬ XpS¿∂v \nt£]n°m≥ IgnbmØ Ahÿbp≠v . Nne _m¶pIfnemhs´, s]mXpP\߃°mbn am‰n hbv°s∏´ (k¿°mcnXc) HmlcnbpsS 53% hsc hntZi\n£]I¿ kz¥am°nbncn°pIbmWv. DZm-l-c-W-ambn hnP-bm-_m¶ns‚ 46% Hmlcn k¿°m¿ ssIsøm-gn-™-Xm-Wv. CXns‚ 36%hpw hntZi \nt£-]I¿ Iø-S-°n. _m¶v Hm^v C¥y-bn¬ samØw Hml-cn-bn¬ 31.5% ]pd-Øm-Wp-≈-Xv. CXn¬ 53% hpw hntZ-i-\n-t£-]-I¿ Ic-ÿ-am-°n-bn-´p-≠v. I\-dm-_m-¶ns‚ 26.83% Hml-cn-bmWv s]mXp-P\ - Ø - n-\mbn \¬In-bX - v. CXns‚ 68.8%hpw hntZi[\Imcy ÿm]\߃ kz¥-am-°n-bn-cn-°p-∂p. s]mXp-ta-Jem k¿°m-cn-Xc hntZi \nt£-]-IcpsS _m¶p-Iƒ Hmlcn aqe-[\w hnlnXw % % 2004am¿®v 2006 am¿®v Ae-l-_mZv _m¶v 44.77 0.04 13.13 B{‘ _m¶v 48.45 12.46 17.45 _m¶v Hm^v _tdmUm 46.82 17.99 20.94 _m¶v Hm^v C¥y 30.53 8.6 16.31 _m¶v Hm^v alm-cm{„ 23.23 ˛ 1.46 I\dm _m¶v 26.83 4.1 18.47 tIm¿∏-td-j≥ _m¶v 42.83 8.8 10.25 tZ\m _m¶v 48.81 0.33 9.83 sF.-Hm.-_n. 38.77 9.88 18.23 ]n.-F≥.-_n. 42.2 12.88 20.88 Hmdn-b‚¬ _m¶v Hm^v tImtagvkv 48.91 15.1 19.94 Fkv.-_n.-sF. 40.27 19.39 19.83 kn‚n-t°‰v _m¶v 33.53 0.96 12.46 bqt°m _m¶v 25.04 0.19 2.19 bq-Wnb≥ _m¶v Hm^v C¥ym 44.57 12.94 20.0 hnP-bm-_m¶v 46.13 10.03 16.64 C¥y≥ [\-ImcytaJ-e-bnse hntZ-i-aq-e-[\ Xm¬]cyw Ign™ 2 h¿jw sIm≠v Cc-´n-bmbn hf¿∂p-sh-∂mWv Cu IW-°p-Iƒ Ak-∂n-Kv[a - mbn {]Jym]n-°p-∂-Xv. Hmlcn Itºm-f-Øn\pw AXn-k-º-∂¿°pw IpØ-I-Iƒ°p-ambn s]mXp-ta-Jem _m¶p-Iƒ ]Xn-®p-sIm-Sp-°p-∂-Xn\v \n∂p sImSp-°p-I-bmWv `cWw \SØns°m≠n-cn-°p∂ U.P.A.k¿°m¿ sNøp-∂-Xv. (I-W-°p-Iƒ F°-tWm-anIv ssSwkv 24-˛05-˛06)

temI-¯msI sXmgn-em-fn-IÄ¡p t\sc hym]-I-amb B{I-aWw \S-¡p-I-bm-Wv. {_n«\n s]mXp-ta-Jem sXmgn-em-fn-IÄ s]³j³ \ntj-[-¯n-s\-Xnsc s]mcp-Xp-I-bmWv. {^m³kn he-Xp-]-£-kÀ¡mÀ XnI¨pw sXmgn-emfn t{Zml-]-c-amb ]pXnb sXmgn \nbaw \S-¸n-em-¡m³ D¯-c-hn-d-¡n, 26 hb-Ên-\p-Xm-sg-bpÅ sXmgn-em-fn-Isf ImcWw IqSmsX ]ncn-¨p-hn-Sm³ sXmgn-ep-S-aIsf A\p-h-Zn-¡p-¶-Xm-Wv ]pXnb \nb-aw. sXmgn-en-Ãmbva AXn-cq-£-ambn \ne\n¡p¶ Hcp cmPy-amWv {^m³kv. 23 iXam\w bphm-¡Ä sXmgn-en-ÃmsX Ae-bp-¶p. ]mh-s¸-«-h-cn ]Ip-Xnbpw sXmgn cln-Xcm-Wv. Cu Ah-Ø-bn-emWv {^m³knse kÀ¡mÀ C¯cw P\-hn-cp² \b-§-fp-ambn apt¶m«v hcp-¶-Xv. CXn-s\-Xnsc P\-tcmjw Bª-Sn-¨p. B_m-e-hr²w P\-§fpw kac cwK-¯n-d-§n. Hm^o-kp-Ifpw hnZym-e-b-§fpw kÀh-I-em-im-e-Ifpw AS-ªp-In-S-¶p. ho«-½amÀ ssI¡p-ªp-§-fp-ambn {]I-S-\-¯n AWn-\n-c¶p. Ah-km\w {][m-\-a-{´n¡v D¯- c hv ]n³h- e n- t ¡- n h¶p. temI¯msI \S-¡p¶ BtKm-f-h¡-cW hncp² t]mcm-«-§Ä¡v {^©v P\-X-bpsS Cu DPze hnPbw Icp¯v ]I-cpw. P\-§sf `n¶n-¸n¨v `cn-¡m-sa¶ `c-W-hÀ¤ hymtamlw {^m³kn hnP-bn-¨n-Ã. kaq-l-¯nsâ kakvX taJ-e-bnepw s]«-hÀ H¶n-¨-Wn-\n-c¶m t]mcm-«-§Ä hnP-bn-¡p-sa¶v {^m³kv Im«n-¯-cp-¶p. BtKm-f-h¡-cW hncp² kacw \bn-¡p-¶-h-cpsS {][m\ ISa sFIyw Du«n hfÀ¯pI Xs¶-bm-Wv. {^©v P\-X-bn \n¶v \mw Cu ]mTw ASn-h-c-bn«p ]Tn-¡p-I-bm-Wv! {^m³knse Ign-ª-Ime `cWm-[n-Im-cn-If-S¡w Cu P\-hn-cp² D¯-chn\v FXn-cm-bn-cp-¶p. IY ChnsS Ah-km-\n¡p-¶n-Ã. 14 hbkv XnI-ª-hsc A{]ânkmbn \nb-an-¡m\pw 15 hbkv XnI-ª-hsc cm{Xn jn^vSn tPmen sN¿n-¡m\papÅ ]pXnb \nbaw AWn- b - d - b n Hcp- § p- ¶ p- - v . CXns\Xnsc sabvZn-\-¯n {^m³kn AXn-i-à-amb {]I-S-\-§Ä \S-¶p.

sI.-Pn. kp[m-I-c³

]n.-F.-Pn. _p≈-‰n≥ \ne-\n¿Øm≥ klm-bn-°p-I. ]n.-F.-Pn. _p≈-‰n≥ {]kn-≤o-I-cWw Bcw-`n-®n´v 5 h¿jw ]q¿Øn-bm-hp-I-bm-Wv. BtKm-fh - ¬°-cW hncp≤ t]mcm-´ß - ƒ°v Bh-iyamb {]NcWm-bp-[ß - ƒ hy‡-amb {]Xy-bimkv{X ASn-Ød- t- bmsS kam-lc- n-s®-Øn-°p-Ib - mWv _p≈-‰n≥ sNøp-∂X - v. ]c-ky-ß-fpsS {]tem-`-\-߃°v AXo-X-ambn \ne-\n¬°p-hm≥ hmb-\-°m-cpsS kmº-ØnI kl-I-c-Wta hgn-bp-≈q. hcnkw-Jy bYm-k-abw ]pXp-°nbpw, hcn-°msc tN¿Øp \¬Inbpw Rßsf klm-bn-°p-I.

hm¿jnI hcn-kwJy 100 cq]- MO / DD Ab-°pI ]n.-F.-Pn.sb kmºØn-I-ambn klm-bn-°m≥ B{K-ln-°p-∂-h-cn¬ \n∂pw 500 cq] hsc kw`m-h\ kzoI-cn-°p-∂-Xm-Wv. Ch¿°v _p≈-‰ns‚ 60 e°-߃ e`y-am-°p-∂-Xp-am-Wv. \nß-fpsS A`n-{]m-b-ßfpw \n¿t±-i-ßfpw CS-s]-S-ep-Ifpw D≠m-h-W-sa∂v A`y¿∞n-°p-∂p. Convenor, PAG, 'Narmada', Karuvissery, Kozhikode- 673 010, Ph: 0495- 2374666

17

PEOPLE AGAINST GL OBALISA TION GLOBALISA OBALISATION

BtKm-f-h¬°-c-W-Øn-s\-Xnsc P\-߃

˛ I¨ho-\¿


a\p-jy-ap-Jw-aqSn am‰p-tºmƒ

AkaXzw

hnfbp∂ C¥y

Ign™ Ipsd h¿j߃°ptijw C¥ybn¬ CXmZyambn (2004˛05) IpSpw_kºmZyØns‚ hf¿®m \nc°v ]ndtIm´v k©cn°p∂Xmbn RBI Report Is≠Øp∂p. 2005 am¿®v 31˛\v IpSpw_ßfpsS A‰ kºmZyw Pn.Un.]nbpsS 9.9% am{XamsW∂v CMIE ]T\w Iq´ntN¿°p∂p. (GDP March 31, 2005- Rs. 31,13,000 Cr) 2000˛01 ¬ IpSpw_IS _m[yXbpsS hf¿®m \nc°v ˛ 9.9% Bbncp∂phs{X. F∂m¬ 2004˛05 Bbt∏mƒ AXv 65.8% Bbn IpXn®pb¿∂Xmbn CMIE tcJs∏SpØp∂p! IpSpw_ kmºmZyw XIcptºmƒ IS_m[yX am\waps´ IpXn®pbcpIbmWv.

IpSpw-_-k-ºmZyw Ipd-bp-∂p.... ISw s]cp-Ip-∂p.... A.

kmºØnI˛BkvXnIƒ (tImSn cq]) hf¿®m\nc°v (%) B. kmºØnI/IS_m[yXIƒ (tImSn cq]) hf¿®m\nc°v (%) C. kmºØnI BkvXnIfn¬ A‰kºmZyw (tImSn cq]) hf¿®m\nc°v (%) D. Hmlcn\nt£]w (tImSn cq])

2004˛05 4,26,744 10.4 1,18,639 65.8

2003˛04 3,86,509 19.8 71,547 18.6

2002˛03 3,22,583 11.3 60,305 43.3

2001˛00 2,89,953 16.6 42,082 32.5

2000˛01 2,48,774 5.3 31,796 (˛) 9.9

3,08,105 2.2 4,672

3,14,961 20.1 488

2,62,278 5.8 5504

2,47,871 14.2 7,777

2,17,005 7.9 10,214

[CMIE - REPORT - 05]

IpSpw_kºmZyw ASn°Sn IpdbpIbpw _m[yXIƒ AXnthKw s]cpIpIbpw sNøp∂Xv, AXn`oIcamb kmaqly {]XymLmX߃°v ImcWamhpsa∂v kmºØnI imkv{XImc∑m¿ ]dbp∂p.... XmßpIfn√msX Zp¿_eamb ASnØdbn¬ ]WnXpb¿Ønb IpSpw_ßfpsS tImf\nbmbn C¥y amdpIbmWv . hfsc sNdnb kmºØnI XI¿® t]mepw Xmßm\mhmØ hn[w IS_m[yX Ip∂pIqSp∂p.... kmaqly PohnXw Xs∂ A´nadnbv°mhp∂ Cu {]hWX cmPyw ]n≥XpScp∂ Ak¥penXhpw AkaXz]q¿Æhpamb BtKmfh¬°cW hnIk\ \bßfpsS ]cnWmaamsW∂v CMIE dnt∏m¿´v ]dbp∂p..... D]t`mKn®v acn°m≥ P\kaplsØ t{]cn∏n°p∂ kmºØnI/kmaqly\b߃ kºmZy\nc°pIƒ Ipdbm\pw, ISw hmßn D]t`mKn°m\pw P\ßsf t{]cn∏n°p∂p. IpSpw_kºmZyw Ipdbp∂Xns‚ ImcW߃ :  Ign™ H∂c Zim_vZambn kºmZy߃°p≈ ]eni \nc°v aq∂n¬ c≠v Ipd™p  kºmZy߃°p≈ {]tXyI\nIpXn CfhpIƒ ]n≥hen°s∏´p.  HmlcnItºmfØnse NqXm´ßƒ°pw _m¶nwKv CXckmºØnI CS]mSpIƒ°pw e`n°p∂ AanX {]m[m\yhpw \nIpXnbnfhpIfpw  s]≥j≥/t{]mhnU‚ v ^≠v XpSßnbkºmZy߃°v ta¬/\nIpXn NpaØm\p≈ Xocpam\ßfpw AhbpsS ]eni\nc°pIƒ sh´n°pd®Xpw [\kºmZ\tØmSv P\߃°v Xm¬∏cyan√mXm°nb LSIßfmWv.  C≥sk‚ohpIƒ \¬In I¨kyqadnkw (D]t`mKmk‡n) t{]m¬kmln∏n°s∏Sp∂p. s{IUn‰v Im¿Uv {]fbw AXn\hkcsamcp °p∂p.  hchn\∏pdw sNehgn°pIbpw, ISw hmßn Xns∂mSpßpIbpw sNøm≥ AXnkº∂¿ apX¬ Zcn{Zsc hsc t{]cn∏n°p∂ Itºmf \bßfmWv Cu {]Xnk‘nbpsS {][m\ Ip‰hmfn. ]Wbs∏´ a\pjycpsSbpw IpSpw_ßfpsSbpw am{Xamb Hcp \mSv, AXns‚ LS\bn¬ F{X Zp¿_eambncn°psa∂v BcmWv \ap°v ]d™p Xtc≠Xv?

18

"ISw'˛ Im¿jnI XI¿®bpsS D¬∏∂w kºmZyw Ipdbm\pw ISw IqSm\pap≈ G‰hpw {][m\ImcWßfnsem∂v Im¿jnI taJebnse \ΩpsS ap≥KW\Iƒ A´nadn™XmWv. Irjn D]Poh\ am¿§am°nb 70% P\ßfp≈ C¥ybn¬ 8˛mw ]©h¬kc ]≤Xn°mesØ Im¿jnI hf¿®m \nc°v 4.9% Bbncps∂¶n¬ 10˛mw ]≤Xnbn¬ AXv 1.3% am{Xambn! IqSmsX 90˛96 h¿jØn¬, `£y[m\y D¬∏mZ\Øn¬ 16% {]Xnh¿j hf¿®bp ≠mbncp∂p! 2001-˛05 Imeambt∏mƒ, AXv 2.9% Bbn Ipd™p! 1981˛86¬ 128 Zie£w slŒ¿ ÿeØv `£y[m\y D¬∏mZ\w \SØnbncp∂p. 2 Zim_vZw Ignbptºmƒ (2001˛05) AXv 120.25 Zie£w slIvSdmbn Ipd™p! Irjn `qan DSaÿX 1970-˛71 ¬ icmicn 2.28 slŒ¿ Bbncp∂Xv, 1995˛96 Bbt∏mƒ 1.41 slŒdmbn Npcpßn. ˛I-W-°pIƒ : B¿.-_n.-sF. dnt∏m¿´v

PEOPLE AGAINST GL OBALISA TION GLOBALISA OBALISATION

BtKm-f-h¬°-c-W-Øn-s\-Xnsc P\-߃


a\p-jy-ap-Jw-aqSn am‰p-tºmƒ

tZiob D¸mZ\¯nsâ hen¸¯n C´y temIcmjv{S§fn 10þmw Øm\¯mWv. F¶m {]XnioÀj tZiob hcpam\¯n 159þmw Øm\w am{XtabpÅp. (2005 March) Pn.Un.]n. {]XnioÀj (US. $ Billion) Pn.F³.]n. (US $) bp. Fkv.F. 11,667.52 41,400 P¸m³ 4,623.4 37,180 PÀ½\n 2,714.42 30,120 bp.sI. 2140.9 33,940 {^m³kv 2,002.58 30,090 Cäen 1,672.30 26,120 ssN\ 1,649.33 1,290 kvs]bn³ 991.44 22,210 Im\U 979.76 28,390 C´y 691.88 620 World Development Report 2005

AanXambn Xn∂p∂hcpw Xn∂m≥ H´pan√mØhcpw tN¿∂v \„s∏SpØp∂Xv! AhnIknX \mSpIfnse sXmgnemfnIƒ°v BhiyØn\v t]mjImlmcw e`n°mØXn\m¬ D¬∏mZ\£aXbn¬ 20% \„ap≠mhp∂Xmbn sF.F¬.Hm.bpsS 2005se Hcp ]T\w ]dbp∂p. F∂m¬ AanX `£Ww Ign°p∂ AXnkº∂ cmPyßfnse \oet°mf¿ sXmgnemfnIfpw kº∂cpw AhcpsS No¿Ø icocw sIm≠v CtX \nc°n¬ D¬∏m\£aX \in∏n°p∂Xmbn Cu ]T\w Iq´nt®¿°p∂p. `£W°pdhpw AanX `£Whpw BWv 45% tcmK߃°pw ImcWas{X! `£Wkw_‘nbmWv 60% acW߃. CXn¬ t\¿]IpXnbpw AanX`£Ww sIm≠v D≠mhp∂ lrZb/c‡kΩ¿± tcmK߃ ImcWamWs{X! t]mjImlmc°pdhpsIm≠v D≠mhp∂ tcmK߃ ImcWw 30% acWw kw`hn°p∂psh∂v IqSn ILO ]T\w shfns∏SpØp∂p. 2020 BIptºmtg°pw `£WhnXcWØnse AkaXzwsIm≠p≈ acWw 57% I≠v ho≠pw Dbcpsa∂mWv \nKa\w. P\XbpsS `£W°pdhpImcWw D¬∏mZ\£aXbn¬ h≥IpdhmWv C¥ybn¬ kw`hn®p sIm≠ncn°p∂sX∂v dnt∏m¿´v Nq≠n°mWn°p∂p. 10 apX¬ 28 _ney≥ tUmf¿ hsc D¬∏mZ\ \„amWv t]mjImlmc°pdhp sIm≠v C¥y t\cnSp∂Xv. CXv tZiob hcpam\Øn¬ (GNP) 3 apX¬ 9 iXam\w hsc Ipdhp ≠m°p∂psh∂pw ILO ]T\w ]dbp∂p! `£Ww \¬ImXncn °p∂Xpw, AanXambn \¬Ip∂Xpw AkaXzw sImSnIpØn hmgp∂ hyhÿnXnbpsS kw`mh\bmWv. apXemfnØ D¬∏m Z\hyhÿbmWv amt‰≠sX∂v Cu ]T\w Hm¿Ωn∏n°p∂p!

With best compliments from TM

AUTOMOTIVE MARKETING (P) LTD. CALICUT Branches : KANNUR, MANJERI, WYNAD & KANHANGAD

19

PEOPLE AGAINST GL OBALISA TION GLOBALISA OBALISATION

BtKm-f-h¬°-c-W-Øn-s\-Xnsc P\-߃


a\p-jy-ap-Jw-aqSn am‰p-tºmƒ

C¥y-bpsS

IS_m[y-X-Iƒ : H‰-t\m-´-Øn¬

G‰hpw henb IS°mcmb 15 cm{„ßfpsS ]´nIbn¬ 8˛mw ÿm\ØmWv C¥y. 1991˛¬ 83.8 _ney≥ tUmfdmbncp∂p C¥ybpsS hntZiISw. 2004˛¬ CXv 111.7 _ney≥ tUmfdmbn´mWv Db¿∂Xv. hntZiISßfnse klmb߃ CtX ImeØv 45.9 iXam\Øn¬\n∂v 36 Bbn Ipd™ Xmbpw ImWmw. hnIkzc cmPyamb C¥ybpsS ]cnanX aqe[\w hntZißfnte°v A\kyqXw HgpIp∂Xns‚ hy‡amb Nn{Xw \ΩpsS IShpw, ISw k¿Δokpw ]cntim[n®m¬ sXfnbpw. 2001˛2004 ImeØv cmPytØ°v h∂ ISØns‚ IW°v, ChnSp∂v Xncn®pt]mIp∂Xnt\°mƒ hfsc henb IpdhmWv tcJs∏SpØnbXv. hntZihmbv]bpw AXns‚ Xncn®Shpw kw_‘n®v, [\ a{¥mebØns‚ Ãm‰kv dnt∏m¿´v ]dbp∂Xv Cßs\bmWv.

hntZi hmbv]bpsS hchv˛Xncn®Shv (tImSn cq]bn¬) 90˛91 97˛98 2000˛01 03˛04 hchv 6095 10,827 13,521 13,902 Xncn®Shv 2139 7441 11,519 28,922 2003þ04  ISw hm§nbXnsâ Cc«nbne[nIw ]WamWv Xncn¨Shn\v th- n h¶Xv. Cu \ne XpSÀ¶m hcp¶ hÀj§fn `oIcamb Afhn ISw hÀ²n¨psIm- n cn ¡psa¶Xn XÀ¡anÃ. ISw Xncn¨Shn\v cmPyw NnehnSp¶ ]Ww \½psS sam¯w kmaqlytkh\ sNehnt\¡mÄ IqSpXemWv. 2002þ CXv 50.7% IqSpXembncp¶p. 2003 emhs« 43% IqSpX ISw Xncn¨Shn\v th- n h¶p! CXv thsdmcp Xc¯nepw hmbn¡mhp¶XmWv . 2002þ03 `mcX kÀ¡mcnsâ hnZym`ymk sNehnsâ 2½ Cc«n ]Ww ISw Xncn¨Shn\pth-n h¶p. s]mXpP\mtcmKy/ s]mXp NnInÕ sNehpIfpsS 6 aS§mWv Cu XpI! hntZiISw hm§p¶Xv , cmPy¯nsâ imkv { Xþkmt¦XnIþ hymhkmbnIþaqe[\ Bhiy§Ä¡mWs¦nÂ; Xncn¨Shn\v klmbIamb km¼¯nI hfÀ¨ t\Sm\mhpw. 1994 apX 2004 hscbpÅ Ime¯v imkv{X kmt¦XnIcwKs¯ ]ptcmKXn ¡mbn ISwhm§nb XpIbpsS Hcp iXam\w t]mepw kÀ¡mÀ sNehgn¨n«nÃ. 2002þ 13,527.55 tImSnbpw 2003þ 15,614.27 tImSn cq]bpw cmPyw hntZi hmbv]IÄ hm§nbt¸mÄ imkv{X/ kmt¦XnI/cwKt¯ ]ptcmKXn¡mbn amänh¨Xv bYm{Iaw 0.49 Dw 0.02 tImSn cq]bmbncp¶p! 1994 apX 2004 hsc. ISw hm§nb XpIbpsS 10 apX 26 iXam\w hsc sNehgn¨Xv kmaqlytaJeIfnembncp¶p! Ahtijn¨Xv C´ybnse AXnk¼¶cpsS D]t`mK km[-\§-fpsS Cd¡paXn¡pw `cW[qÀ¯nepw ]eni sImSp¡m\p ambn XoÀ¶p t]mIpIbpw sNbvXp.!! C´ytbt¸mse aqe[\ timjWhpw Zmcn{Zyhpw t\cnSp¶ cmPy¯v \n¶v ISw Xncn¨ShneqsS HgpInt]mIp¶ aqe[\w k¦Â¸mXoXamWv. 1994 apX 2004 hscbpÅ hÀj§fn ISw kÀÆokn\v amänhbv¡p¶ km¼¯nIhn`hw tZiob _Pän ]ca{][m\amb kmaqlykpc£m ]²XnIÄ¡v amänhbv¡p ¶Xnsâ F{X iXam\w A[nIamsW¶v t\m¡pI:(IW¡v t]Pv 21Â) 20

\ΩpsS hntZi\mWb IΩn IpXn®pbcpIbmWv . Ib‰paXn hcpam\Øns‚ 1/3 IqSpXemWv C¥ybpsS Cd°paXn sNehv XpS¿®bmbn Cu \ne XpScp∂Xn \m¬ h≥hntZi\mWbtiJcw shdpw sI´pIY bmhpIbmWv. AShpin„ IΩn˛h¿jßfneqsS (Ib-‰p-aXn hcp-am-\w-˛C-d-°p-aXn sNe-hn-t\-°mƒ F{X-Ip-d-hv) (_ney≥ tUmfdn¬)

90˛91 (˛) 92˛93 (˛) 94˛95 (˛) 96˛97 (˛) 98˛99 (˛) 2000˛01 (˛) 2002˛03 (˛) 2003˛04 (˛) 1990˛91 apX¬ 2003˛04 hsc

9.48 5.44 9.04 14.81 13.24 12.46 10.69 15.45 153.73

_ney≥ tUmf¿ (Ib-‰p-aXn/Cd-°p-aXn {]{In-b-bn¬) IΩn-bmWv cmPy-Øn\v t\cn-tS≠n h∂-Xv. a\ nemt°≠Xv CXmWv. Ib‰paXn hnIk\ X{¥w F∂m¬ Cd°paXn sNbvXv kº∂sc hfcm≥ A\phZn°pIsb∂mWv bYm¿∞Øn¬ A¿∞w. Ib‰paXn˛Cd°paXn {]{Inbbn¬ 153.73 _ney≥ tUmf¿ IΩn t\cnSp∂ C¥y˛`mhn XeapdIfpsS t]mepw Iq´acWØn\v Ct∏msg Xøm-sd-SpØp Ign-™p!

C¥ybpsS hntZiIS_m[yX (Us Billion $) hÀjw

ISw

ISw Pn.Un.]n.þ bpsS F{X%

1991 1995 1999 2004

83.8 99.0 96.8 111.7

28.7 30.8 23.4 17.8

(2006- þ  120 _ney\mbn CXv hfÀ¶n«p- v )

tI{μk¿°mcns‚ kmºØnI ISßfpsS hchpw t]m°pw (cq]m tImSnbn¬) hchv ISw Xncn¨Shv

90þ91 7684 3639

97þ98 27254 12,653

2000þ01 44455 24284

2003þ04 30.073 37,015

2001þ hchns\¡mÄ 7528 tImSn cq]m A[nIw Xncn¨pt]mbn. 2002þ 8220 Dw 2003þ 6942Dw tImSncq]m (hm§nb ISt¯¡mÄ A[nIw) Xncn¨Shn\v cmPyw sNehn«p! ISs¡Wnsb¶mWv CXn\p ]dbp¶Xv! PEOPLE AGAINST GL OBALISA TION GLOBALISA OBALISATION

BtKm-f-h¬°-c-W-Øn-s\-Xnsc P\-߃


a\p-jy-ap-Jw-aqSn am‰p-tºmƒ

km[mcW ]uc\v \nIpXn \nc°v 60% hyhkmbnIƒ°v 16%!! 2006˛07se tI{μ _P‰v AhXcn∏n°sh [\a{¥n NnZw_cw Xs‚ a{¥mebw \SØnb Hcp ]T\w IqSn ]m¿ensa‚n¬ hbv°pIbp≠mbn! C¥ybnse 1689 h≥InS Iº\nIƒ tI{μoIcn®v \SØnb ]T\w ]pdØpsIm≠ph∂ {][m\s∏´ Nne hnhc߃ Bscbpw sR´n∏n°p∂XmWv.  C¥ybnse tIm¿∏td‰v \nIpXn \nc°v 35.875% hcpw (k¿Nm¿÷v AS°w). 500 tImSn cq]°v ta¬em`ap≠m°p∂ C¥y≥ kzImcyIº\nIfn¬\n∂v ]t£ tI{μ k¿°mcn\v e`n°p∂ \nIpXnbpsS \nc°v tIhew 15.99% am{XamWv! tIm¿∏td‰v C¥ybpsS 73.5% {]Xn\n[m\w sNøp∂ Cu Iº\nIfpsS tIm¿∏td‰v \nIpXn hnlnXw samØw tIm¿∏td‰v \nIpXnbpsS 61% am{XamWs{X!  35.875% \nIpXn \nc°v AXns‚ ]IpXnbnepw Xmsg FØn°p∂sXßs\sb∂v IqSn [\a{¥n hniZoIcn°p∂p≠v. 2005˛06 h¿jØn¬ C¥y≥ hyhkmbnIƒ°v \¬Inb {]Xy£\nIpXn CfhpIƒ 57,900 tImSn cq]bptSXmbncp∂p! hy‡nIƒ°v A\phZn® \nIpXnbnfhpIƒ 11,695 tImSnbpw, IÃwkv Uyq´n CfhpIfpw C≥sk‚ohpIfpw tN¿Øv 57,100 tImSnbpw CtXmsSm∏w tN¿°Ww. [mXp{Zhy߃, I√pIƒ (Diamonds), Ce{Œn°¬ sajn\dn F∂nh¿°p≈ Uyq´n th≠∂ph®Xv 10,000 tImSn! (C{Xbpw CfhpIƒ \¬InbXn\p]pdsa, Ib‰paXn C≥sk‚ohpIƒ hmcnt°mcn \¬Inbn´p≠v. AXv [\a{¥n IW°n¬ Dƒs∏SpØnbn´n√.) C¥ybnse \nIpXnZmbIcmb tIm¿∏td‰pIƒ°v Cu kuP\y߃ hoXn®v \¬Iptºmƒ \nIpXn \nc°v 20% am{Xsa hcpIbp≈phs{X! F∂m¬ 500 tImSn°v apIfn¬ em`ap≠m°p∂ 1659 Iº\nIƒ am{XsaSp°ptºmƒ \nc°v 15.99% ambn ho≠pw Ipdbp∂p! Hcp km[mcW C¥ym°mc≥ Ahs‚ \n›nXamb Xp—hcpam\w D]tbmKn®v \mtem At©m IpSpw_mwKßtfbpw B{inXtcbpw t]m‰ptºmƒ AbmfpsS hcpam\Øn\v ta¬ k¿°m¿ 30% hcpam\ \nIpXn CuSm°p∂p! IqSmsX hmßp∂ Hmtcm km[\Øn\pw hnhn[bn\w \nIpXnIƒ \¬tI≠n hcp∂p. A[zm\w hn‰v hbdp ]ng°p∂ icmicn `mcX]uc≥ Xs‚ hcpam\Øns‚ 60 iXam\sa¶nepw G‰hpw Ipd™Xv JP\mhn\v \¬Ip∂psh∂mWv IW°v! F∂m¬ C¥ybnse hyhkmbnIƒ AXns‚ \mensem∂v \nc°nemWv cmPyØns‚ s]mXp^≠nte°v kw`mh\ sNøp∂sX∂mWv [\a{¥nbpsS ]T\dnt∏m¿´ns‚ Npcp°w! DZm-c-h¬°cWw B¿°p-≈-Xm-sW∂ kwibw Xo¿∂t√m?

[\a{¥n ]d™ Hcp Imcyw IqSn {it≤bamWv.  2005 am¿®v 31\v C¥y≥ AXnkº∂cpw tIm¿∏td‰pIfpw cmPyØn\v ASt°≠nbn-cp∂ 42,917tImSn cq]bpsS \nIpXnIƒ C\nbpw AS®n´n√/AYhm k¿°m¿ ]ncns®SpØn´n√. ap≥ h¿jßfnse 2843 tImSnbpw, X¿°tam tIkpItfm ImcWØm¬ ]ncn°mØ 65,300 tImSnbpw thsd IpSninIbp≠s{X! BsI 1,11,000tImSn cq]bpsS \nIpXn IpSninIbmWv (kº-∂-cpsS) 2005˛06 kmºØnI h¿jw tI{μ Kh¨sa‚n\p e`n°msX t]mbXv!  2004˛05 h¿jØn¬ samØw \nIpXnIfneqsSbp≠mb cmPyØns‚ hcpam\w 3,06,021 tImSn cq]bmbncp∂p! F∂m¬ CtXh¿jw 1,58,661 tImSn cq]bpsS \nIpXn CfhpIfmWv hyhkmbnIƒ°pw/AXnkº∂¿°pw k¿°m¿ \¬InbXv. C¥ym cmPyØn s‚ BsI \nIpXn hcpam\Øns‚ ]IpXn hen∏amWv, Cu \nIpXn CfhpIfptSsX∂mWv ]d™Xv! C{X `oI-c-amb [\-tam-jWw apsºm-cn-°epw D≠m-bn-´n-√.  4 tImSn sXmgnemfnIƒ°v kz¥w ]n.F^v . kºmZyØn\v 9% ]eni \¬Im≥ 1200 tImSn cq]m A[nIw Is≠Øm≥ JP\mhn\v {]m]v X nbn s√∂v CSXp]£t\Xm°tfmSv \nc¥cw ]d™psIm≠ncn°p∂hcpsS Cu [n°mcØn\v F¥p adp]SnbmWv \¬tI≠sX∂v P\- ß ƒ Xocpam\n °Ww. (_P‰v {]kwKw ˛ 2006)

ISw k¿Δokv kmaqly sNehpIfpsS F{X iXam\w (cq] tImSnbn¬) hÀjw

kmaqly tkh\w

hnZym`ymkw

s]mXpP\m tcmKyw

IpSpw_ t£aw

hoSv \nÀ½mWw

\Kc hnIk\w

94þ95

17409.20 54.6% 38,737.9 32.2% 46474.0 29.0% 66509.8 43.1%

3940.0 241.2% 9684.1 128.7% 10807.7 124.7% 13970.5 205.4%

1625.9 584.6% 5411.9 230.2% 4408.5 305.6% 5605.7 511.9%

1684.9 564.1% 2342.7 531.8% 3613.9 372.8% 4230.0 678.3%

1055.6 900.4% 3143.4 531.8% 6674.5 201.9% 8629.2 332.5%

1025.2 927.1% 2820.6 396.4% 5260.1 256.2% 7357.1 390.0%

98þ99 2001þ02 2003-þ04

Ref: Economic Survey 2004 and External Assistance- Brochure-04 21

PEOPLE AGAINST GL OBALISA TION GLOBALISA OBALISATION

BtKm-f-h¬°-c-W-Øn-s\-Xnsc P\-߃


a\p-jy-ap-Jw-aqSn am‰p-tºmƒ

s]mXptaJebpsS

IcpØv

s]mXptaJe hnägn¡m\pw s]mfns¨Sp¡m\pw \nc´cw [rXnIq«pIbmWv tI{μ`cWm[nImcnIÄ! ]mÀensaânse, 61 CSXp]£ Fw.]n.amÀ X§fpsS A[nImcw X«ns¯dn¸n¡ptam F¶ t]Sn X¡mew Ahsc au\nIfm¡p¶psh¶p am{Xw. C´y³ s]mXptaJe \ne\nÀ¯pIbpw hfÀ¯pIbpw sN¿p¶Xv km{amPyXzþaqe[\ hmgvN¡v _Z krjvSn¡p¶ t]mcm«§Ä¡v Icp¯p ]Icpsa¶ Xncn¨dnhmWv CSXp]£{]Xntcm[¯nsâ ImcWw. Ct¸mÄ tIcf¯nepw _wKmfnepw {Xn]pcbnepw hÀ²nXamb P\k½Xn t\Sns¡m- v CSXp]£w IqSpX iàns¸«ncn¡p¶p. C´y³ s]mXptaJe H¶msI sh«n hngp§m³ Ahkcw ]mÀ¯v `cWIqS¯nsâ kakvX cwK¯pw Hfnªncn¡p¶ km{amPyXz ZÃmÄamÀ¡v CSXp]£ hnPbw iàamb Xm¡oXmWv! \½psS kaql¯n \nc´cw \S¡p¶ heXp]£h¡cW¯nsâ he¡®nIfn CSXp]£w IqSn IpSp§nbmÂ, C´ytbmfw henb s]mXptaJebpsS acWw am{XaÃ, Hcp almcmPys¯ ]mh§fpsS kmaqlyhn¹h ¯n\mbpÅ Im¯ncn¸n\v ho- p w \qäm- p IfpsS ssZÀLyw AXv k½m\n¡pw s]mXptaJetb AXnsâ kmaqlyD¯chmZnXz§tfmsS \ne\nÀ¯pIbpw hfÀ¯pIbpw, ]cnjvIcn¡pIbpw sN¿m³ B{Kln¡p¶hÀ¡v Iwt{SmfÀ Bâ v HmUnäÀ P\densâ 2004þ05se dnt¸mÀ«v Hcmbp[amWv. DSaØsâ (kÀ¡mÀ) ]oV\§fpw kzImcyh¡cW `ojWnIfpw, A\nÝnXXz§fpw sIm- v IepjnXamb A´co£¯nemWv s]mXptaJe Ct¸mgpÅXv. \nc´camhÀ¯n¡p¶ I£n cmjv{Sob CSs]SepIfpw, {]hÀ¯\kzmX{´y \ntj[hpw s]mXptaJebpsS im]amWv. Cu {]XnkÔnIÄ¡v Bgw Iq«p¶ hn[¯n sXmgnemfnIsf ]ncn¨b¡epw VRS `ojWnIfpw thsd! BtKmf aqe[\ hmgvNbpsS Zriyhpw AZriyhpamb hcnªpapdp¡epIÄ¡v \Sphn C´y³ s]mXptaJe AÛpXIcambn ]nSn¨p \n¡p¶psh¶mWv CAG dnt¸mÀ«nse hkvXpXIÄ {]Jym]n¡p¶Xv. D¸mZ\¯nÂ, hn¸\bnÂ, em`¯nÂ, em`£aXbnÂ, Imcy£aXbnÂ, sXmgnemfnIfpsS hÀ²nXamb £aXbn FÃmw s]mXptaJe kzImcy Ip¯IIsf shÃp¶ t\«w sIm¿p¶p- v . s]mXptaJebpsS kmaqly ZuXy§fpw, e£y§fnepÅ {]Xn_²Xbpw BtKmfh¡cW \b§fpsS ^eambn tNmÀ¶psIm-ncn¡pIbmWv..... sXmgn \ÂIm\pw, \qän¸¯v tImSn a\pjyÀ¡v A¸w NneXv \oXn]qÀÆw sh¨p hnf¼m\pw s]mXptaJe¡p-mbncp¶ tijnbpw D¯chmZnXz§fpw ]n³hen¸n¡s¸«p Ignªp. sXmgnepw, sXmgn Is-¯m\pÅ `qan Ibpw krãn¡p¶Xn s]mXptaJe¡pÅ km[yXIÄ Xncn¨dnªpsIm- p Å t]mcm«§Ä BWv th- X v . At¸mÄ am{Xsa Bßm`nam\nIfmb a\pjysc hmÀs¯Sp¡m\pÅ kacmbp[ambn s]mXptaJe ]cnaWn¡pIbpÅp. BtKmfhÂIcW\b§Ä \S¸m¡nbtXmsS C´y³ s]mXptaJebn sXmgn e`yX `oaambn Ipdªp. H¶c ZimÐambn ]pXnb \nba\§Ä \S¡p¶nÃ. tPmenIÄ, IcmÀh¡cn¨psIm- n cn ¡p¶p. am\yamb thX\hpw, ØncXbpÅ sXmgnepw ]pXpXmbn krãn¡s¸Sp¶nÃ. Cu cwK¯v \S¡p¶ IcmÀ h¡cW¯ns\ Xnscbpw, ]pXnb dn{Iq«v s aâ n ¶ p t h - n b p a p Å k a c § f m b n s]mXptaJe\ne\nÀ¯m\pÅ t]mcm«§Ä hnIknt¡- n bncn ¡p¶p. (C´y³ s]mXp-ta-Je Hä-t\m-«-¯n þ t]Pv 16 ImWp-I) 22

CAG dnt∏m¿´neqsS.... 276 s]mXptaJem hyhkmb§sf/Øm]\ §sfbmWv CAG ]T\hnt[b am¡nbXv. 2002þ03 apX 2004þ05 hscbpÅ 3 hÀj §fn Cu cwKw ssIhcn¨ t\«§fpw tIm«§fpw dnt¸mÀ«v B[nImcnIambn Is- ¯ p¶p- v . 276þ 164 Øm]\§Ä 2005 hÀj¯n em`ap- m ¡n. F¶m 101 Øm]\§Ä \ã¯nemWv {]hÀ¯n¨ sX¶v dnt¸mÀ«v ]dbp¶p. 52 Øm]\§Ä hyhkmb ]p\kwLS\m t_mÀUn\p ap¼nemWv. 14 F®w ]p\cp²cn¡m\pw 19 F®w ]q«m\pw BIFR Xocpam\n¨n«p- v . s]mXptaJe¡pÅ kÀ¡mcnsâ hmÀjnI hnlnXw 2005þ 5% I- v (ap³ hÀjt¯ ¡mÄ) Ipdªn«p- v . Hmlcnbn \¯n 22 iXam\hpw, hmbv]bn 18 iXam\hpw Ipd hmWp- m bXv . 2004þ s]mXptaJembpsS 3719 tImSn cq]bpsS IS§Ä FgpXn ¯Ånbncp¶p. 2005þ CXv shdpw 234 tImSn cq]bmbn Ipdªp! CtX Ime¯v hmbv ] bpsS ]eni th- ¶ p h¨Xnepw `oaamb Ipdhp-mbn ]eni 3273 tImSnbn \n¶v tIhew 65 tImSn cq]bm bn Ipdªp. s]mXptaJe¡v \ÂIp ¶ kÀ¡mÀ Kmc- n IÄ Cu Ime¯v 23% sâ Ipdhv tcJs¸Sp¯p¶p- v ! Hmlcn hnäv 2005þ 4000 tImSn cq] kamlcn ¡m\mWv UPA kÀ¡mÀ Xocpam\n¨Xv . CSXp]£ sNdp¯p \n¸n CXp e£yw ]qhWnªnÃ. F¶n«pw NALCO, amcpXn, F¨v.]n.kn.F XpS§nbhbnse ]cnanX Hmlcn hym]mcw hgn 2765 tImSn cq]m kamlcn¨n«p-v. 2002- þ 03 20,16,766 sXmgnemfnIÄ Cu Øm]\§fn sXmgnseSp¯ncp¶p. CXv 18,56,101 BbmWv (2005þÂ) IpdªXv ! 2005þ am{Xw 61,995 sXmgnemfnIsf s]mXp taJem hyhkmb§fn \n¶p ]ncn¨b¨n «p-v. s]mXptaJem Øm]\§fpsS em`hnlnX (UnhnUâ v) ¯nsâ \men aq¶v `mKhpw kÀ¡mÀ JP\mhn¶pÅXmWv. 2004-þ05 20,678 tImSn cq]m UnhnUâmbn {]Jym ]n¡s¸«t¸mÄ AXn 15,881 tImSnbpw tI{μJP\mhn\v e`n¨phs{X!

PEOPLE AGAINST GL OBALISA TION GLOBALISA OBALISATION

BtKm-f-h¬°-c-W-Øn-s\-Xnsc P\-߃


a\p-jy-ap-Jw-aqSn am‰p-tºmƒ

kº∂/ Zcn{Z cmjv{S-ßfnse kmaq-lnI kmº-ØnI \ne-hmcw ˛ 2000 kº∂ cmjv{S-߃

{]Xnio¿j Pn.-kn.]n

Iqƒ {]th-i\w kv{Xo]p-cpj inip-a-cW kv\nc°v (100¬) Bbp¿ssZ¿Lyw \nc-°v 100\v s]¨/ B¨

Zcn{Zcmjv{S-ßfnse Zmcn{Zyw Zn\w 2 Zmcn-{Zy-tcJ/ {]XntUmf-dn¬ k¿°m¿ Xmsg hcp-am-\% ap≈ P\-kwJy

Zcn-{Z-cm-jv{S-߃

eIvkw-_¿Kv Ata-cn° samtdmt°m kzn‰vk¿em‚ v knwK-∏q¿ t\m¿sΔ _¬Pnbw sU≥am¿°v Bkv{Snb Iym\U

34,134 34,096 26,608 26,270 24,288 23,763 23,125 23,068 22681 22635

80-/73 80-/73 83-/75 82-/75 79/75 81/75 81/74 78/73 80/74 82/76

4.83 6.82 5.92 4.53 3.65 3.98 4.76 5.11 4.50 5.08

99-/99 99-/100 97-/100 81/84 108-/110 127/123 112/111 101/103 103/104

(Ref : Unde & SA - 2001)

Zcn{Z cmjv{S-߃

{]Xnio¿j Pn.-kn.]n

A^vKm-\n-ÿm≥ tImwtdmkv Itºm-Unb _pdp≠n Sm≥km-\nb tImwtKm Fdn-{Snb FtXym]y sskdm-en-tbm¨

704 682 654 650 649 612 598 509 464

Iqƒ {]th-i\w kv{Xo]p-cpj inip-a-cW kv\nc°v (100¬) Bbp¿ssZ¿Lyw \nc-°v 100\v s]¨/ B¨

46/45 60/57 55/52 44/41 49/47 52/49 52/49 44/42 39/36

149.28 86.33 66.82 71.50 80.97 101.71 76.66 101.29 148.66

22-/49 44/54 67/85 34/44 41/42 41/62 33/41 22/37 29/43

_w•m-tZiv Itºm-Unb Nnen tlm≠p-dmkv C¥y Ct¥m-t\jy ss\Po-cnb s]dp

35.6 36.1 20.5 53.0 35.0 20.3 34.1 49.0

77.8 60.3 68.8 86.2 66.1 90.8 91.4

Ref : Us Census Bureau - 2001

kº∂ cmjv{S-ßfnse Zmcn{Zyw (%) D]-t`m-K-\n-c-°ns‚ 50iX-am-\Øn\p Xmsg hcp-am-\-ap-ff P\-kw-Jy-bpsS iX-am\w

hSt° Ata-cn° Im\U sU≥am¿°v kzoU≥ P¿Ω\n P∏m≥

19.1 11.7 7.5 6.7 7.6 11.8

Ref : World Development Report - 2001-01

1980 Ifnse kmº-ØnI hf¿®-bpsS 70% hpw 1 iX-am\w kº-∂¿°mWv sN∂p tN¿∂Xv kº-∂c - mb 5% Ata-cn-°¬ IpSpw-_ß - f - psS 1967 ˛ 2000 (iX-am\Øn¬) samØ-h-cp-am\w G‰hpw ASn-Ø-´nse 20% s‚ 6 aSßv A[n-I-am-Wv. hcp-am-\-Ønse Ak-a-Xzw ]e-a-Sßv adn-I1990 1985 1980 1970 S∂p apt∂-dp∂XmWv "[\-ti-jn-'bnse Ak3.9 4.0 4.3 4.1 a-Xzw. Ata-cn-°-bnse AXnkº-∂-cmb Hcp9.6 9.7 10.3 10.8 i-X-am\w IpSpw-_-ßfpw 42.2% Hmlcn aqe15.9 16.3 16.9 17.4 [-\Øn\p-S-a-I-fmWv. 55.7 iX-am\w IS-∏-{Xß-fpsS DS-a-ÿcpw Ah-cm-Wv. 44.2% {SÃp24.0 24.6 24.9 24.5 Ifpw Ah-cpsS B[n-]X - y-Øn-emWv! 71.4 iX46.6 45.3 43.7 43.3 am\w tIm¿∏-td-‰n-Xc hym]m-chpw Cu Hcp18.6 17.0 15.8 16.6 i-X-am-\-Øn-\p kz¥w!! 46.6 45.3 43.7 43.3 36.9% dnb¬ FtÉv BkvXnbpw Ch-cp-tSXmWv. Ch-bn¬ \n∂p-ff hcp-am-\-Øn¬ 53.3 54.7 56.3 56.7 1990\pw 1995\pan-S-bn¬ am{Xw 5 aSßv h¿≤Ref : Us Census Bureau - 2001 \-hp-≠m-bn-´p-≠v F∂v Hm¿°p-I. Ref : t]mƒ Icp-‹ms‚ ]T\w

Ata-cn-°-bpsS kmaqly kmº-ØnI \ne-hmcw Ata-cn-°≥ IpSpw-_-h-cp-am\\nc°v ˛

ASn-Ø-´n-se20% sXm´p-ap-I-fn-se20% sXm´p-ap-I-fn-se20% sXm´p-ap-I-fn-se20% G‰hpw Db¿∂ 20% G‰hpw Db¿∂5% Db¿∂ 20% s‚ hcp-am\w 80% t]cpsS BsI hcpam\w

23

2000 3.6 8.9 14.9 23.0 49.7 21.9 49.7 50.3

1995 3.7 9.1 15.2 23.3 48.7 21.0 48.7 51.3

PEOPLE AGAINST GL OBALISA TION GLOBALISA OBALISATION

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a\p-jy-ap-Jw-aqSn am‰p-tºmƒ

tZiob A[n-Im-cØnte-°p≈- CS-Xp-]-£-Øns‚ km-[y-X-Iƒ "am\p-jnI apJ-ap≈ BtKm-f-h¬°-cW'amWv tI{μ-K-h¨sa‚ v \b-sa∂v AXns‚ \S-Øn-∏p-Im-cmb tIm¨{K-kp-Im¿ CS-°nsS ]d-bm-dp-≠v. F∂m¬ Ign™ sXc-s™-Sp-∏n¬, P\-k-a£w Ah-X-cn-∏n® am\n-s^-tÃm-bn¬ "am\p-jn-I-ap-J-ap≈' ]cn-jvIm-c-ß-f√ Ah¿ hn`m-h\w sNbvXn-cp-∂-Xv. DZm-c-h¬°c-W-Øn-s‚bpw "Xnf-ßp∂ C¥y'bpsSbpw bYm¿∞ Ah-Im-in-Iƒ Xß-fm-sW∂pw Ah-¿ ]d™p \S-∂p. hkvXp-Xm-]-c-amb Cu kXyw C¥y≥ P\X Xncn-®-dn-™psh∂Xns‚ sXfn-hmbnbncn-°p∂p sXc-s™-Sp∏v ^ew. DZm-c-h¬°-c-Whpw h¿§o-b-Xbpw Hcp-an®v Gs‰-SpØ _n.-sP.-]n.sb A[n-Im-cØn¬ \n∂v ]pd-Øm-°pI am{X-a-√, BtKm-f-h¬°-c-W-Øns‚ t\c-h-Im-in-Isf H‰bv°v `cn-°m≥ hnSp-∂Xv A]-I-S-am-sW∂pw P\w hn[n-sb-gp-Xn. tIhew 142 ko‰p-I-fp-ambn, Iq´p-I-£n-Isf Iq´n-bn´pw `cn-°m-\m-hmØ hn[-Øn¬ Ah-scØn! CS-Xp-]-£-Øns‚ ]n¥p-W-bn-√msX A[n-Imcw e`n-°n-s√∂ bmYm¿∞y-Øn\v apºn¬ tIm¨{K-kn\v "am\p-jn-I-apJw' FSp-Ø-Wn-tb-≠n-h-∂-Xßn-s\-bmWv. Xo{hap-X-em-fnØ\b-߃ ]n¥p-S-cp-tºmgpw A¬]w Nne kmaq-lnI IS-a-Iƒ `c-W-IqSw Gs‰-Sp-°-W-sa∂v FgpXnh® Hcp "s]mXp-an-\naw ]cn-]mSn' D≠m-bXpw Aßs\bm-Wv. CS-Xp-]-£-Øns‚ ]cn-an-X-amb AwK-_ew {]Xn-^-en-∏n-°p∂ hn[-Øn¬ Nne kmaqlykpc£m \ne-]mSp-Iƒ Cu an\naw ]cn-]m-Sn-bn¬ IS-∂p-Iq-Sn-sb-∂Xv t\cm-sW-¶nepw `c-W-Iq-S-Øns‚ ASn-ÿm-\-ImgvN-∏m-Sp-Iƒ P\-߃°-\p-Iq-e-ambn Xncp-Øp-hm≥ AXn¬ {ian-°p-∂n-√. F∂n´p t]mepw Cu ]cn-]mSn \S-∏m-°p-hm≥ Ah¿ Xøm-d-√. P\-hn-[n-bpsS A¿∞w H´pw a\-kn-em-°msX; In´nb A[n-Imcw aqe-[\-hm-gvN-°p-th≠n am{Xw {]tbm-Kn-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-I-bm-W-h¿. ^e-Øn¬, A¥m-cm-jv{S-Ip-Ø-II-fpsS klm-b-tØmsS ]m¿en-sa‚n-s\-bpw, P\-hn-[n-tbbpw FIvkn-Iyq-´ohv DØ-cp-h-IƒsIm≠vv adn-I-S-°p∂ ImgvN-bmWv c≠p h¿j-ambn \mw I≠p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂-Xv.... C{Xbpw [n°m-c-]-c-amb \ne-]m-Sp-Iƒ kzoI-cn-°p∂ Hcp km{am-PyXz Z√mƒ `c-WsØ "kwc-£n-°phm≥' CS-Xp-]-£sØ \n¿_-‘n-X-am-°p∂Xv. `mc-XØns‚ atX-Xc ASn-Ød On∂-`n-∂-am-°p∂ _n.sP.-]nsb tZiob A[n-Im-c-Øn¬ \n∂pw AI‰n \n¿Øm-\m-sW∂v hy‡-am-Wv. C¥y Hcp atX-Xc P\m-[n-]Xy hyh-ÿ-bpsS N´-°q-Sn¬ \ne-\n¿Øp-I-sb∂ CS-Xp-]-£-Øns‚ XXzm-[n-jvTnX \ne-]mSv Itºmfh¬°-cW \b-߃ Xo{h-ambn \S-∏m-°p∂ "Ah-kc'ambn tIm¨{Kkv D]-tbm-Kn-°p∂p! C¥y-bnse kº-∂cpw Db¿∂ a[y-h¿§-hp-sam-gn-sI-bp≈ P\-hn-`m-K-߃ \ΩpsS P\-kw-Jy-bpsS 80 iX-am\w hcpw. Ah-cpsS Pohn-X-kp-c-£n-XXzw Xß-fpsS e£y-am-sW∂v {]Jym-]n-°p-Ibpw {]h¿Øn®p-Im-Wn-®p-sImSp°p-Ibpw sNøp∂ kwL-SnX cmjv{Sob {]ÿm\w CS-Xp-]£w am{X-am-Wv. CS-Xp-]£-Øn\v ]s£ Ah-cn¬ 10 iX-am-\-Øns‚ t]mepw {]mXn-\n[yw C√! aq∂p kwÿm-\-ß-fn¬ {]_e-amb P\-]n-¥p-Wbpw, ]m¿en-sa‚n¬ Hcp Kh¨sa‚ns‚ `mhn-\n-›-bn-°m≥X-°-hÆw 61 Fw.-]n.-amcpsS ]n≥_-e-hpw Ds≠-¶nepw km{am-Py-Xzhpw Ah-cpsS _yqtdm-{I-knbpw am[y-a-irw-L-e-Ifpw tN¿∂v Xøm-dm-°p∂ "ka-hm-b-'Øn¬ CS-Xp-]-£-{]-Xn-tcm-[-߃ ]e-t∏mgpw \njv^-e-am-hp-I-bm-Wv! `c-W-IqS-Øns‚ h¿§-kz-`m-h-Øn¬ sNdnb am‰w t]mepw hcp-Øm≥ Ign-bmsX t]mhp-∂-Xns‚ kmaq-ly-]›mØew Cu "ka-hm-b'-am-Wv. F∂n´pw Ign™ c≠p h¿j-ambn CS-Xp-]£w km[m-c-W-°m¿°mbn ]nSn-®p-hm-ßnb Nne-Xp-≠v. tZiob sXmgn-ep-d-∏p-\n-b-aw, t]‰‚ v \nb-a-Øn¬ tZiob Xm¬∏-cy-߃ Iq´n-t®¿°p∂ t`Z-K-Xn-Iƒ, ]cn-an-Xam-sb-¶nepw ]mh-ß-fpsS hnZym-`ymk Ah-Im-i-߃ AwKo-I-cn-°p∂ `c-W-L-S-\m-t`-Z-KXn XpS-ßn-bh CS- X p- { ]- X n- t cm- [ - Ø n¬ \ap°v hoWp- I n- ´ nb \∑- I - f m- W v . C¥y≥ [\- I m- c y- t a- J - e sb aqe- [ \ i‡nIƒs°Øn-®p-sIm-Sp-°m-\p≈ _m¶nwKv dKp-te-j≥ \nb-a-t`-Z-K-Xn, C≥jq-d≥kv \nb-a-t`-Z-K-Xn, s]≥j≥ dKp-te-‰dn \nb-aw, sXmgn¬ \nba t`Z-K-Xn-Iƒ XpS-ßn-bh c≠p h¿j-ambn ]m¿en-sa‚ns‚ IhmSw IS-°msX XS™phbv°m≥ CS-Xp-]-£-Øn\v Ign™psh-∂Xv H´pw sNdnb Imcy-a-√. Hmtcm c≠m-gvN-bnepw s]t{Sm-fnbw D¬]∂ hne-Iq-´m≥ Ah-k-c-ap-≠mbn´pw AXp sNøm-\m-hmsX `c-W-IqSsØ Ah¿ {]Xn-tcm-[-Øn-em-°n. asÆÆhne CXp-hsc Db¿Øm≥ `c-Wm-[n-Im-cn-Iƒ°mhm-ØXpw, ]mN-I-hm-X-I-hne 150 cq] I≠v h¿≤n-∏n-°m≥ c≠p h¿j-ambn \S-°p∂ {ia-߃ XS™ \n¿Øm≥ Ign-™Xnepw CS-Xp-]-£-tØmSv am{X-amWv \mw IS-s∏-´n-cn-°p-∂-Xv. s]mXp-ta-J-e-bpsS kºq¿Æ-ssIam‰w XS-bm≥ CS-Xp-]-£-Øns‚ ]nSn-hmin am{X-amWv Imc-Ww. Cu {]Xn-tcm-[-߃ km[m-c-W-P-\߃°v Nne {]Xo-£-Iƒ \¬Ip-∂p-≠v. BtKm-f-h¬°-c-W-hn-cp≤ cmjv{So-b-Øn-\pw, _Z¬ \b-߃°p-ap≈ P\-]n-¥p-W-bmbn Cu {]Xn-tcm[w ]cn-W-an-°-W-sa-¶n¬ cmPy-amsI thcp-I-fp≈ AXn-hn-]p-e-amb kmaqly GIo-I-cW {]ÿm-\-ap-≠m-

24

PEOPLE AGAINST GL OBALISA TION GLOBALISA OBALISATION

BtKm-f-h¬°-c-W-Øn-s\-Xnsc P\-߃


a\p-jy-ap-Jw-aqSn am‰p-tºmƒ

h-Ww. kmaq-lnI kmº-ØnI \b-ß-fpsS ASn-ÿm-\-Ønep≈ P\-Io-b-_-Z¬ Db¿∂p htc≠-Xp-≠v. CXn\v 3 kwÿm-\-ß-fn¬ CS-Xp-]£w t\Snb cmjv{Sob A[n-Imchpw ]m¿en-sa‚nse tijn-bpw cmPysØ sXmgn-emfn I¿jI {]ÿm-\-ß-fpsS t]mcm-´-ßfpw XpS-ßnb ^e-{]-Zambn D]-tbm-Kn-°p-hm≥ Ah¿°v Ign-bptam F∂-Xv \n¿Æm-b-I-amb tNmZyamWv. \o≠p\n¬°p-∂Xpw \nc-¥cw hf-cp-∂-Xp-amb km{am-Py-Xz-hn-cp≤ cmjv{So-b- t]mcm-´hpw k¿ΔXe kv]¿in-bmb _Z¬ At\z-j-W-ßfpw CS-Xp-]£w \S-tØ-≠-Xp-≠v. kº-∂-h¿§-cm-jv{SobØns\Xn-cmb {]Xn-tcm-[hpw {]Xym-{I-a-Whpw kwi-b-c-ln-X-ambn Gs‰-Sp-t°-≠-Xp-≠v. BtKmf-h¬°-c-W-\-b-߃ D]-tbm-Kn®vXs∂ "BtKm-f-h¬°-c-WsØ sNdp-°m-sa∂' \ne-]m-Sp-Iƒ Cu t]mcm-´sØ Zp¿_-ea - m-°psa∂v Xncn-®d - n-tb-≠X - p-≠v. ]Icw BtKm-fh - ¬°-cWw Xpd-∂nSp∂ ka-c-km-[y-X-I-fp-]-tbm-Kn®v _Z¬ ]Sp-Øp-b¿Øm-\p≈ ss[j-Wn-Ihpw cmjv{So-b-hp-amb t]mcm´-Øn\v t\XrXzw \¬Ip-Ibpw e`n-°p∂ GXv sNdnb A[n-Im-chpw AXn-\p-th≠n D]-tbm-Kn°pIbpw sNtø-≠X - p-≠v. aq∂v kwÿm-\ß - f - nse A[n-Im-ce - _v[n C¥y≥ kº-ZvLS- \ - sb IpØI-h¬°-cn-°p-∂-Xn-s\-Xn-cmb ka-cm-bp-[-ambpw, _Z¬ \b-ß-fpsS If-cn-bmbpw amdp-sa-¶n¬ hcp∂ Zi-I-ß-fn¬ CS-Xp-]-£-Øns‚ kzm[o\w C¥y≥ cmjv{So-b-Øn¬ \n¿Æm-b-I-ambn hfcp-sa∂Xvv X¿°-a‰ kwK-Xn-bm-Wv. A[n-Imcw ka-c-am-hp-∂-Xv, AXn\v ]n∂n¬ P\-Iob Xm¬]-cy-ß-fp-≠m-hp-tºm-gm-Wv. Bi-b-߃ {]mtbm-Kn-I-ambn Gs‰-Sp-°p-tºmƒ am{Xta bYm¿∞ _Z-ep-Iƒ°m-bp≈ P\-ap-t∂‰w krjvSn°-s∏-Sp-I-bp-≈q. C∂v cmPy-ØmsI Db¿∂p-h-cp∂ sNdpXpw hep-Xp-amb {]Xn-tcm[ {]ÿm-\߃ Cu _Z¬ cmjv{So-b-Øns‚ Dd-h-I-fm-sW∂pw Ah-bpsS GIo-I-cWw kº-∂-h¿§-cm-jv{Sob-Øns‚ XI¿®-bv°p≈ Hcp ap≥ D]m-[n-bp-am-sW∂pw a\- n-em-°n-bp≈ CS-s]-S¬ Bh-iyamWv. _rlØpw k¿Δ-X-e-kv]¿in-bp-amb t]mcm-´-ß-fpsS Cu t\¿h-gn-I-f-√msX CS-Xp-]-£A-P-≠-Ifpw _Z-ep-Ifpw C¥y-bnse alm-`q-cn--]£-Øns‚ {]Xo-£-I-fm-hm≥ Ipdp-°p-h-gn-I-sfm∂p-an-√. kº-∂-h¿§-cm-jv{Sobw (_n.-sP.-]n.bpw tIm¨{K-kpw) hnL-Sn-°-s∏´v \n¬°p-∂-Xn\v bp.-]n.-F. k¿°m-cn\v ]m¿e-sa‚n¬ CS-Xp-]£w \¬Ip∂ ]n¥pW Hcp Imc-W-am-Wv. _Z¬ \b-߃°v th≠n-bp≈ ka-{K-amb CS-Xp-]-£-C-S-s]-S-ep-Iƒ kº-∂-h¿§sØ IqSp-X¬ IqSp-X¬ sFIys∏-Sp-Øp-sa∂pw hfsc sshImsX Ah¿ Hcp tNcn-bn¬ \ne-bp-d-∏n-°p-sa∂pw Icp-tX-≠-Xm-Wv. Ct∏mƒ Xs∂ ]m¿e-sa‚nse ]ncn-anX AwK-_ew adn-I-S-°m≥ FIvkn-Iyq-´ohv DØ-chp-I-fpw, ]m¿e-sa‚ v ImWmØ \nb-a-ß-fpsS t]cn¬ AtXm-dn-‰nI-fp-sams° \ne-hn¬ hcp-∂Xv Cu h¿§-sF-Iy-Øns‚ {]Xn-^-e-\-am-Wv. F∂m¬ Cu cmjv{So-b-]m¿´n-bpsS ]n∂n-ep≈ P\-߃ ]s£ AØcw sFIysØ X≈n-∏-d-bp-sa-∂Xv X¿°-a‰ kwK-Xn-bm-Wv. _n.-sP.-]n.-bpsS kmaqly-A-Sn-Ød Zp¿_-e-am-hp∂ {]{Inb Ct∏mƒXs∂ {]I-S-am-bn-Im-Wmw. Ah-cpsS XI¿®-bpsS ASn-ÿm-\-Im-cWw ]m¿e-sa‚n¬ Hcp _n.-sP.-]n. tIm¨{Kkv sFIy-ap∂Wn D≠m-hp-∂Xpw Ct∏mƒ Ah¿ A]q¿Δ-am-sb-¶nepw Kh¨sa‚n-s\-Xnsc \S-Øp∂ {]Xn-tj-[-߃ ]q¿Æ-ambn C√m-Xm-°pw. aqe-[-\-hm-gvNbv°p≈ "k¿Δ-k-Ωn-Xn-'bmbn AXv ]cn-W-an°psa∂-Xv ImWmsX hø. Npcp-°-Øn¬ bp.-]n.-F. k¿°m-cn-\p≈ CS-Xp-]-£-]n-¥pW ]n≥h-en-°p-∂Xv h¿§ob i‡nIƒ aS-ßn-hc - m≥ am{X-a√, i‡-amb kº-∂h - ¿§-GI - o-Ic - W - Ø - n\pw aqe-[\ - h - m-gvNb - psS kºq¿Æ ta[m-hn-Xz-Øn\pw Imc-W-am-Ipw. ]s£ hfsc sshImsX Xs∂ kzm`m-hn-I-ambn kw`-hn-°m≥ km[y-X-bp-≈-_n.-sP.-]n. tIm¨{K v kJysØ XS-bm≥ bp.-]n.-F. k¿°m-cn\p≈ CS-Xp-]-£-]n-¥pW Hcp "kn≤'-Hu-j-[-ambn ImWp∂Xv ISpØ hn]-co-X-^-e-amWv D≠m-°pI. bp.-]n.-F. k¿°m-cns‚ {]iv\m-[n-jvSnX ]n¥pW am{Xw \¬InsIm≠v. hntbm-Pn-°p∂ \b-ß-fpsS t]cn¬ h≥ P\-Iob {]t£m-`-߃ Db¿ØnsIm-≠p-h-cn-I-bm-Wv th≠Xv. Cu ka-c-߃ º-∂-h¿§ GIo-I-c-W-Øns‚ kmaq-ly-A-Sn-Ød XI¿°p-hm≥ A\n-hm-cy-am-WvXm\pw. C¥y-bnse km[m-c-W-°msc apgp-h≥ {]Xn-\n-[m\w sNøp∂ hn[-Øn¬ CS-Xp-]-£-cm-jv{So-b-Øn\v apt∂-dm≥ Cu t]mcm-´-߃ sIm≠v am{Xw Ign-bn-√. aq∂v kwÿm-\-ß-fn¬ e`n-®n-´p≈ A[nImcw D]-tbm-Kn®v ]Sp-Øp-b¿Øp∂ _Z-ep-Iƒ, ]m¿e-sa‚nse 61 AwK-ß-fpsS ]n≥_-ew, sXmgnemfn h¿§ {]ÿm-\-ß-fpsS cmjv{So-b-km-aqly t]mcm-´-߃, F∂n-h-bpsS kam-lr-X-tijn BtKm-f-h¬°-c-W-Øn\pw aqe-[-\-hy-h-ÿ-bv°p-sa-Xn-cmb tkmjy-enÃv ]cn-lm-c-߃ At\zjn-°p-∂-Xn\v CS-Xp-]-£-Øns\ klm-bn-°pw. CS-Xp-]-£-Øn\v tZiob A[n-Im-c-Øn-te-°p≈ hgn Xpd-°p∂ cmjv{Sob apt∂-‰-am-bn-cn°pw AXv ˛A-P-bvtLmjv 25

PEOPLE AGAINST GL OBALISA TION GLOBALISA OBALISATION

BtKm-f-h¬°-c-W-Øn-s\-Xnsc P\-߃


21˛mw \q‰m-≠nse sXmgn-em-fn-h¿§w

]pXnb \q‰m-≠nse h¿§-cm-jv{So-b-Øns‚ IS-a-Ifpw sh√p-hn-fn-Ifpw hni-I-e-\-hn-t[-b-am-°p-I.... tZio-bhpw A¥¿tZ-io-b-hp-amb km{am-Py-Xz-hn-cp≤ t]mcm-´-ß-fpsS i‡n-Zu¿_-ey-߃ t{ImUo-I-cn-°p-I.... Pohn-X-Øn\pw sXmgn-en\pw kw`-hn-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p∂ ]cn-Wm-a-߃ At\z-j-W-hn-t[-b-am°n kam-l-cn-°p-I.... temI-amsI \S-°p∂ h¿§-k-a-c-ß-fp-sSbpw sXmgn-emfn apt∂-‰-ß-fpsSbpw A\p-`h - ß - ƒ... aqe-[\ - A - [ - n-\n-th-iØ - ns‚ `oI-cX - I - ƒ.... {]Xyim-kv{X-hy-Xn-bm-\-߃ XpS-ßn-bh am¿IvknÃv ImgvN-∏m-Sn¬ ]cn-tim[n-°p-I... C{X-bp-a-S-ßnb {]tXyI ]pkvX-I-am-bn-cp∂p ]n.-F.-Pn-bpsS A©mw hm¿jnI]Xn-∏mbn {]kn-≤o-I-cn-°m≥ Xocp-am-\n-®n-cp-∂-Xv. F∂m¬ ISpØ kmº-ØnI ]cm-[o-\-X-Iƒ ImcWw CXp-Ss\ ]pkvX-I-cq-]Øn¬ {]kn-≤o-I-cn-°m≥ Ign-bp-∂n-s√∂v tJZ-]q¿Δw hmb-\-°msc Adn-bn-°p-∂p. ]Icw Cu e°w apX¬ "21˛mw \q‰m-≠nse sXmgn-emfn h¿§w' JWvUx» {]kn-≤o-I-cn-®p-Xp-S-ßp-∂p. I¨ho-\¿

imkv{X]camb kXyk‘Xbpw sXmgnemfn h¿§hpw k: tPymXn_mkp C´y³ {]knUâmbncp¶, A´cn¨ {io. hn.hn. Kncn Øm]n¨, C´y³ skmsskän Hm^v te_À C¡tWmanIvkv F¶ Cu A¡mZanIv Øm]\¯nsâ 47þmaXv hmÀjnI kt½f\w DZvLmS\w sN¿p¶Xn F\n¡Xnbmb kt´mjap-v. {io. Kncnsb F\n¡v \¶mbn«dnbmw. cmPys¯ sXmgnseSp¡p¶hcpsS Xmev ] cy§Ä¡pth- n XnIª {]Xn_²XtbmsS \nesImhyànbmbncp¶p At±lw. sXmgnseSp¡p¶ P\XbpsS PohnX kmlNcy§Ä DbÀ¯p¶Xn\pth-n At±lw Øm]n¨ Cu skmsskän, AXnsâ A¡mZanIv hn`h§Ä \nc´cambn D]tbmKn¡p¶ps- ¶ Xv kt´mjIcamWv . Hcp t{SUv bqWnb³ {]hÀ¯I³ F¶ \nebv¡v, sXmgnemfn hÀ¤¯n\v C¯cw Øm]\§fpsS `uXnI ]n´pW BhiyamsW¶v F\n¡pd¸n¨v ]dbm³ Ignbpw. AXn\v HcÀ°¯nepw XnIª ]£]mXn BtI- ImcyanÃ. ap³hn[n Hhnhm¡nbpÅ At\zjW§fpw kXykÔamb A¡mZanIv {]hÀ¯\§fpw am{Xw aXnbmIpw. imkv{X]camb kXykÔX (Scientific honesty) sXmgnemfn hÀK¯nsâ khntijXbmWv. F¶m ap³hn[nItfmsStbm, 26

PEOPLE AGAINST GL OBALISA TION GLOBALISA OBALISATION

BtKm-f-h¬°-c-W-Øn-s\-Xnsc P\-߃


21˛mw \q‰m-≠nse sXmgn-em-fn-h¿§w

AdnhnÃmbva sImt-m, sXämb ]cnIev]\IÄ aqetam, AXpasæn apXemfn¯ XmÂ]cy§sf ]cnt]mjn¸n¡p¶Xn¶pth- n bpÅ t_m[]qÀÆamb ]cn{ia¯nsâ `mKamtbm sa\sªSp¡s¸Sp¶ kn²m´§sfÃmw sXmgnseSp¡p¶hsâ kl\§Ä ¡dpXn hcp¯p¶Xn\p th- n bpÅ t]mcm«§Äs¡ XnscbpÅ XSÊhmZ§fmWv D¶bn¡p¶Xv. A¯c¯nepÅ kn²m´§Ä sIm-v Ncn{Xw \ndªncn¡p¶p. aq¶v DZmlcW§Ä am{Xw Rm³ Nq-n ImWn¡mw. C w ¥ - n s e hymhkmbnI hn¹hw, BZyIme§fnÂ, sXmgnemfnIÄ¡v ISp¯ {]bmk§fp-m¡n. {]bmkw A\p`hn¨hcn \sÃmcp ]¦v kv{XoIfpw Ip«nIfpambncp¶p. XpÑamb Iqen¡pth-n, J\nIfnsebpw ^mÎdnIfnsebpw ZpcnX]qÀ®amb kmlNcy§fnÂ, \o- aWn¡qdpIÄ AhÀ¡v ]WnsbSpt¡- n h¶p. amÀIv k nsâ amÌÀ ]okmb ‘aqe[\’¯n At±lw Gsd ]cmaÀin¨n«pÅ ^mÎdn C³kvs]ÎdpsS dnt¸mÀ«pw, FwKÂknsâ ‘C w ¥ - n s e sXmgnemfn hÀ¤¯nsâ ØnXn’ F¶ ]T\¯nepw, sXmgnemfnIÄ ZpcnX]qÀ®amb kmlNcy§fn ISp¯ NqjW¯n\ncbmIp¶Xnsâ lrZbt`ZIamb hnhcW§fp- v . Cu ]cnØnXnbnemWv , [\mVycmb, Ipeo\ hÀK¯nÂs]«, \nch[n ]cnjv¡cWhmZnIÄ ]s¯m¼Xmw \qäm- n sâ BZyZiI§fnÂ, sXmgn kmlNcy§Ä sa¨s¸Sp¯m\pÅ \nba\nÀ½mWw Bhiys¸«Xv. AhÀ e£yan«Xv {][m\ambpw, sXmgn kabw Ipdbv¡pI F¶pÅXmbncp¶p. ‘]¯v aWn¡qÀ _nÂ’ F¶ t]cn Adnbs¸« \nba\nÀ½mWw Cu ZnibnepÅ Hcp {][m\ NphSphbv]mbncp¶p. AXphsc, \nba]cambn A\phZn¡s¸« ]camh[n sXmgn kabw ]Xns\m¶v aWn¡qdmbncp¶p. C¡me¯p Xs¶bmWv HmIvkvt^mUv kÀÆIemime bn cm{ãob k¼Zvimkv{X¯nse BZys¯ s{]m^kdmb \Êmhp ko\nbÀ, Hcp sXmgn Znhk¯nsâ Ahkm\s¯ aWn¡qdnemWv apXemfn FÃm em`hpw D- m ¡p¶Xv F¶ kn²m´w apt¶m«p h¨Xv. _m¡nbpÅ kab§fnse aqeyhÀ²\ apgph\pw Xs¶, sXmgnemfn¡v \ÂIp¶ Iqen hos- S p¡p ¶Xn\pth- n bmWv D]tbmKn¡p¶sX¶mWt±lw hmZn¨Xv. CXv hmkvXh¯nÂ, sXmgn kab¯n GsX¦nepw Xc¯nepÅ Ipdhv hcp¯m\pÅ \o¡s¯ XIÀ¡m³ e£yan«psIm-pÅ hmZambncp¶p. am{XhpaÃ, A¯c¯n sXmgn kab¯nep-mIp¶ sh«n¡pdbv ¡ epIÄ, em`w apgph\pambn¯s¶ tNmÀ¯n¡fbpw F¶ ktμiamWv CXv sXmgnepSaIÄ¡v \ÂInbXv. sXmgnemfnIfpsS F®w sh«n¡pdbv¡p¶Xn\pw AhcpsS ZpcnXw hÀ²n¡p¶ Xn\pw Cu \nÀt±iw CSbm¡n. Cu hmZs¯, amÀIvkv iànbmbn B{Ian¨p. A¶v At±lw D]tbmKn¨ ‘ko\nbdnsâ Ahkm\ aWn¡qÀ’ (Senior’s Last Hour) F¶ {]tbmKw, ]n¶oSv, `cWhÀ¤ Xmev]cyw {]ISn¸n¡p¶ sXämb kn²m´§fpsS apgph³ ]cymbambn amdn. sXmgnemfnIfpsS Imgv N ¸mSn \n¶p t\m¡pt¼mÄ, AhcpsS ZpcnX ]qÀ®amb sXmgn kmlNcy§Ä s¡Xnsc H¶pw sN¿mXncn¡p¶XmWv AhÀ¡pXs¶ KpW{]Zw F¶ sXämb Hcp kn²m´w, sXmgnemfn 27

IfpsS PohnX kmlNcyw sa¨s¸Sp¯p¶Xn\v XSÊw \n¡p¶Xnsâ H¶mw Xcw DZmlcWamWv . Cu kn²m´w sXämsW¶p ]dbm³ ImcWw, sXmgn kabw Ipdbv¡m\pÅ \nba\nÀ½mWw XSÊs¸Sp¯m³, \Êmhp ko\nbÀ, Xsâ `mh\bn sa\sªSp¯ Iev]nX IYbnse Hcp aWn¡qÀ BWv AsX¶XmWv . A¡me¯v \nehnencp¶ bYmÀ° sXmgn kabw IW¡nseSp¡pt¼mÄ, ]Xns\m¶p aWn¡qÀ F¶Xv , bmYmÀ°y¯n \n¶pw hfsc AI¶p \n¡p¶ H¶mWv. Cu ]Xns\m¶p aWn¡qdmWv Hmtcm sXmgnemfnbpsSbpw aqeyhÀ²\ bmbn IW¡m¡p¶sX¦n Ahkm\ aWn¡qdn am{XamWv em`ap- m Ip¶sX¶p ]dbp¶Xn\À°w ]¯nsem¶pam{XamWv an¨aqeysa¶p kn²m´n ¡emWv . CXv apXemfn¯ cmPy§fn C¶p hsc ZÀin¨n«pÅ bYmÀ° em`t¯¡mÄ F{Xtbm Cc«n IpdªXmWv. GXmbmepw, sXmgn kabw Ipdbv ¡ m\pÅ \nba\nÀ½mW¯n\p XSÊambn Xoc¯¡ Kuch¯n Bcpw ko\nbdnsâ kn²m´ s¯ IW¡m¡nbnÃ. c - m a s ¯ DZmlcWw, t{SUv bqWnb³ {]hÀ¯\ ¯neqsS sXmgnemfnIfpsS Iqen hÀ²\ km²yamInà F¶ tPm¬ ÌphÀ«v anÃnsâ hmZw kw_Ôn¨p ÅXmWv. ÌphÀ«vanÂ, 19þmw \qäm-nse AXn{]KÂ`\mb Hcp _p²nPohnbmbncp¶p. AXpsIm-pXs¶ At±l¯nsâ ImgvN¸mSpIÄ KqtVmt±it¯mSp IqSnbXmsW¶v IcpXm³ h¿. F¦nepw, At±l¯nsâ ‘Wage fund’ F¶ kn²m´w XnI¨pw ]niImbncp¶p. GsXmcp k¼Zv LS\bnepw Hcp thPv ^-v \ne\n¡p¶p-v F¶pw CXmWv sXmgnemfnIÄ¡nSbn hnXcWw sN¿s¸Sp¶sX¶pw t{SUv bqWnb³ {]hÀ¯\¯neqsS CXn Hcp ]¦v GsX¦nepw sXmgnemfn hn`mK¯n\v IqSpXembn e`n¨m A{Xbpw Xs¶ asämcp sXmgnemfn hn`mK¯n\v \ãap- m Ip¶p- v F¶pamWt±lw kn²m´n¨Xv . CXv XnI¨pw sXäpw sXmgnemfnIÄ¡nSbn t{SUv bqWnb³ {]hÀ¯\w \ncpÕmls¸Sp¯p¶Xpambncp¶p. Hcp hn`mKw sXmgnemfnIÄ¡v B\pIqey§Ä A\phZn¡p t¼mÄ asämcp hn`mK¯n\p ta IqSpX `mcw Ibänh¨psIm- v apXemfn¯ iànIÄ X§Ä¡v \ãs¸Sp¶Xv Xncn¨p ]nSn¡p¶Xv km[mcamWv . F¶m CXv, kwLSnXamb t{SUv bqWnb³ {]hÀ¯\¯neqsS apXemfn¯ iànIfnÂ\n¶pw sXmgnemfnIÄ¡v H¶pw t\SnsbSp¡m³ Ignbnà F¶ anÃnsâ kn²m´¯n \n¶pw hn`n¶amWv. sP.Fkv . anÃnsâ A\pNc·mcnsemcmÄ, knänk¬ sh̬, e- \ nse sXmgnemfnIfpsS Hcp tbmK¯n Cu kn²m´w AhXcn¸n¨Xns\, ‘Iqen, hne, em`w’ F¶ Xsâ eLp teJbneqsS amÀIvkv iànbmbn B{Ian¨p. AXnÂ, t{SUv bqWnb³ {]hÀ¯\¯neqsS, em`\nc¡v Ipd¨psIm-v, apgph³ sXmgnemfnIfpsSbpw Iqen hÀ²n¸n¡msa¶v At±lw sXfnbn¨p. sP.Fkv.an ]dbpwt]mse, t{SUv bqWnb³ {]hÀ¯\¯n\v em`\nc¡n bmsXmcp amähpw hcp¯m³ Ignbnsæn ]ns¶ “t{SUv bqWnb³ {]hÀ¯\s¯ apXemfnamÀ iànbmbn FXnÀ¡p¶ s X ´ p s I m - v? ” F¶ tNmZy¯n\p¯cw Is- ¯ m³ Ignbpambncp¶nÃ. am{XhpaÃ, sP.Fkv . anÃnsâ PEOPLE AGAINST GL OBALISA TION GLOBALISA OBALISATION

BtKm-f-h¬°-c-W-Øn-s\-Xnsc P\-߃


21˛mw \q‰m-≠nse sXmgn-em-fn-h¿§w

kn²m´w tNmZyw sN¿s¸SmsX t]mbncps¶¦nÂ, {]tXyIn¨pw At±l¯nsâ _u[nI icnbpsS ]Ým¯ e¯nÂ, t{SUv bqWnb³ {]Øm\w henb Xncn¨Sn t\cnSpambncp¶p. aq¶mas¯ DZmlcWw, b{´h¡cWhpambn _Ôs¸«v, tUhnUv dn¡mÀtUm apt¶m«ph¨ kn²m´hpambn _Ôs¸«XmWv. b{´h¡cWw Hcn¡epw sXmgn \ãs¸Sp¯p¶nà F¶mWv At±lw hmZn¨Xv. Cu hmZw ]n¶oSv At±lw amänsb¦nepw b{´h¡cWw {lkzImet¯¡p am{Xw sXmgnemfn¡v lm\nIcamWv F¶p ]dbp¶nSt¯mfw am{Xta B amäap- m bpÅp. am{XaÃ, ZoÀLIme¯nÂ, AXv , k¼Zv L S\bpsS DbÀ¶ hfÀ¨bv¡pw hÀ²n¨ sXmgn km²yXbv¡pw DXIp¶XmWv . Cu km²yX, ap¼v \ãs¸«pt]mb sXmgnehkc§sf¡mtfsd sXmgn km²yX IqSn DÄt¨À¶Xmbncn¡pw. amÀIv k v ]et¸mgpw Nq- n ¡m Wn¨n«pÅ t]mse, dn¡mÀtUm, AXnhnZKv[\mb Hcp km¼¯nI imkv{XÚ\mWv. ]s£ At±l¯nsâ Cu kn²m´w XnI¨pw sXämb H¶mbncp¶p. AXns\ amÀIv k v \ninXambn hnaÀin¡pIbpw sNbv X p. k¼Zv L S\bnse BsIbpÅ BhiyIw (Demand) IW¡nseSp¡pt¼mÄ sXmgn \ãs¸Sp¶Xn\v bmsXmcp {]XymLmXhpw D-mIp¶nà F¶ bmYmÀ°yw IW¡nseSp¡msX, Hä¯hWs¯ b{´h¡cWs¯am{Xw I-p F¶XmWv dn¡mÀtUmhn\p ]änb ]niIv. C¶p ImWp¶ ‘sXmgn CÃm¯ hfÀ¨’ F¶ {]Xn`mk¯nsâ {]Nmcw, amÀIvknsâ hnaÀi\w XnI¨pw icnbmbncp¶p F¶p sXfnbn¡p¶p- v . {ZpXKXnbn hfcp¶ kmt¦XnI hnZybpsS AI¼SntbmsSbp -mIp¶ C¶s¯ DbÀ¶ km¼¯nI hfÀ¨, \nehnepÅ sXmgnepIÄ CÃmXm¡p¶p F¶p am{XaÃ, ]pXnb sXmgnepIÄ H¶pw Xs¶ krãn¡p¶nà F¶ hkvXpX, dn¡mÀtUm apt¶m«p hbv¡p¶ kn²m´ hpambn s]mcp¯s¸Sp¶XÃ. ChnsSbpw sXmgnemfn IfpsS kwLSnX {]hÀ¯\¯n\v XSÊw krãn¡p¶ Hcp kn²m´w ZÀin¡mw. CXv, b{´h¡cW¯mep - m Ip¶ sXmgn \ã¯ns\Xnsc kwLSn¡p¶Xn \n¶pw sXmgnemfnIsf XSbm³ ]cym]vXamWv. Rm³ Cu DZmlcW§Ä Nq- n ¡mWn¨Xv , sXmgnemfn {]Øm\§Ä¡mbn D-mthicnbmb kn²m´¯nsâ {]m[m\yw ASnhcbn«p kqNn¸n¡p¶Xn \mWv. A¯cw kn²m´§Ä, Kuchamb imkv{Xob NÀ¨IfneqsS am{Xta Dcp¯ncnbpIbpÅp F¶Xp sIm-v, C´y³ skmsskän Hm^v te_À C¡tWmanIvkv t]msebpÅ thZnIÄ A¯cw NÀ¨IÄ¡v Ahkcsamcp¡p¶XneqsS sXmgnemfn {]Øm\§Ä¡v ssIhcp¶ {]m[m\yw AhKWn¨p IqS. C¶s¯ C´ybnÂ, XnI¨pw sXäpw Aimkv { Xob ambXpamb Hcp Iq«w kn²m´§fpsS ]n´pWtbmSp IqSn, sXmgnemfn hÀ¤¯n\p t\sc D- m bns¡m- n cn ¡p¶ cq£amb IS¶m{IaW¯nsâ ]Ým¯e¯n C¯cw NÀ¨IfpsS {]m[m\yhpw AXnsâ BhiyIXbpw hfsc hepXmWv. \½psS Kh¬saâ v ‘sXmgn It¼mf hg¡w’ (Labour market flexibility) \S¸m¡m³ InWªp {ian¡p¶p-v. CXmIs«,

sXmgnepSaIÄ¡v sXmgnemfnIsf ‘FSp¡m\pw ]ncn¡m\pw’ (hire & fire) DÅ ]qÀ® kzmX{´yw \ÂIp¶XmWv . Cu sXmgn It¼mf hg¡¯nsâ ^eamIs« Iqen sh«n¡pd¨v sXmgnepSabpsS an¨aqeyw hÀ²n¸n¡pI F¶XmWv. sXmgn hg¡¯neqsSbp -mIp¶ hÀ²n¨ em`w k¼Zv LS\bpsS hfÀ¨bv¡nSbm¡pIbpw AXv hÀ²n¨ sXmgnehkc §Ä krãn¡pIbpw sN¿pw F¶ hmZw, b{´h¡ cW¯n\pth- n dn¡mÀtUm apt¶m«p h¨ hmZ¯n\p kaamWv . ]s£ c- p hmZhpw sXäpXs¶. hÀ²n¨ Dev]mZ\ hfÀ¨, sXmgn e`yX hÀ²n¸n¡nà F¶ ‘sXmgnenÃm¯ hfÀ¨’ F¶ A\p`h¯nÂ\n¶pw \ap¡v t_m²ys¸«n«pÅXmWv. Iqen em`¯nte¡p amäs¸Sp¶ Cu {]{Inb hmkv X h¯n hÀ²n¨ Dev]mZ\¯n\nSbm¡p¶Xn\p hn]coXambn k¼ZvLS\bnse Unamâ v Ipdbv¡pIbpw hfÀ¨m\nc¡v Ipdbv¡pIbpamWv sN¿pI. ‘sXmgn It¼mf hg¡’ ¯nsâ {]NmcIÀ AhImis¸Sp¶Xv, Iqen em`¯nte¡p amäs¸Spt¼mÄ, A´mcm{ã It¼mf¯n aÕcn¡phm\pw (em`w IqSp¶Xp hgn hne Ipdbv¡m³ Ignbp¶XneqsS) IbäpaXn h³tXmXn hÀ²n¸n¡phm\pw DÅ aqe[\ DSaIfpsS tijn Dbcpsa¶mWv. F¶mÂ, IbäpaXnbpsS hfÀ¨ \nÀ®bn¡p¶ LSIw, hyXykvXhpw IqSpXÄ k¦oÀ®hpamWv. AXn\v Iqen \nc¡v, sXmgnemfnIfpsS Imcy£aXbpambn XmcXayw sN¿pt¼mÄ Hcp \nÀ®mbILSIta AÃ. A§s\bmbncp¶psh¦nÂ, C´ysbt¸mepÅ cmPy§Ä, hnIknX apXemfn¯ cm{ã§sf F{Xtbm Imew ap¼pXs¶, hfsc ]n¶nem¡ntbs\. sXmgn It¼mf hg¡¯neqsS IbäpaXn h³tXmXn hÀ²n¡pw F¶p IW¡m¡nbm Xs¶, ap¼v kqNn¸n¨, hcpam\¯nsâ ]p\ÀhnXcWw a q e a p - m I p ¶ U n a m ânsâ Ipdhns\ adnIS¡m³ aXnbmb Afhn hÀ²\bp- m Ipw F¶p IcpXm³ \ymbanÃ. Npcp¡¯nÂ, ASnØm\anÃm¯ kn²m´w {]Ncn¸n¨psIm-v sXmgnemfnIfpsS PohnX kmlNcy§Ä¡v t\À¡v B{IaWw \S¯pIbmWv ChÀ sN¿p¶Xv. aäp cmPy§Ä sXmgn It¼mf hg¡w \S¸m¡p¶p- v F¶XpsIm-p \ap¡pw B hgn ]n´pScpIbÃmsX aäp amÀ¤anÃ; AÃm¯ ]£w \ap¡v It¼mfw \ãs¸Spw F¶mWv hmZw. F¶m FÃm cmPy§fpw A¯cw Hcp \bw kzoIcn¨mÂ, AXnÂ\n¶pw FÃmhÀ¡pw Hcp t]mse t\«ap- m Ipw F¶p IcpXp¶Xv auVyamWv . adn¨v, FÃm cmPy§fpw Cu \bw kzoIcn¡pt¼mÄ, ChÀ apt¶m«p hbv¡p¶ hmZw IqSpX ZpÀºeamhpIbmWv F¶XmWv bmYmÀ°yw. am{XhpaÃ, A¯cw Hcp kmlNcyw temIs¯¼mSpapÅ sXmgnemfnIsf, sXmgnepw Iqenbpw Ipdbp¶ {]XnIqe kmlNcy§fnte¡v XÅnhnSpIbpw sN¿pw. Iqen Gähpw Ipdª \nc¡nte¡v sIm- p hcm\pÅ apXemfn¯¯nsâ Cu {`m´³ aÕc¯n\v , aäp amÀ¤anà F¶p ]dªp \n¶p sImSp¡p¶Xn¶p ]Icw, C¯cw \b§Äs¡Xnsc t]mcSn¡pIbmWv Hmtcm cmPys¯bpw sXmgnemfnIÄ sNt¿- X v . (tkmjy sskân-Ìn \n¶v)

28

PEOPLE AGAINST GL OBALISA TION GLOBALISA OBALISATION

BtKm-f-h¬°-c-W-Øn-s\-Xnsc P\-߃


21˛mw \q‰m-≠nse sXmgn-em-fn-h¿§w

B[p-\nI apX-em-fnØw Iqen-th-e-°msc Xs∂-bmWv s]‰p Iq´p-∂-Xv. k: sI.-F³. cho-{μ-\mYv apX-em-fn-¯-¯nsâ hnIm-k-¯n \nÀ½m-W-ta-J-e-sb-¡mÄ hf-sc-th-K¯n tkh-\-ta-Je hf-cp¶p F¶ Imcyw bmYmÀ°y-am-Wv. amÀIvknsâ Ime-t¯-¡mÄ F{Xtbm thK-¯n BWv Ignª 150 sImÃ-¯n-\n-Sbn apX-em-fn¯w hfÀ¶v Hcp BtKmf hyh-Ø-bmbn amdn-b-Xv. ]t£ kÀÆokv skÎÀ hfÀ¶-t¸mÄ Ahn-Sps¯ sXmgn-emfn ‘ sshäv tImfÀ’ BWv, amÀIvkv ]dª \nÀ½mW sXmgn-emfn Aà Fs¶m-s¡-bpÅ kn²m-´-§-fn \n¶v amÀIvkn-ks¯ \ntj-[n-¡p¶ kao-]\w icn-b-Ã. am\-kn-I-ambn A²zm-\n-¡p-¶-hÀ sXmgn-em-fn-hÀ¤-¯nsâ `mKw Asö hmZw Xs¶ icn-b-Ã. tkh-\-ta-Je hfÀ¶n-«p--v. B[p-\nI imkv{X-kmt¦-XnI hnZy-I-fn-epÅ hnkvt^m-S-\-¯nsâ ^e-ambn tkh-\-ta-J-e-bnse sXmgn-enepw sXmgn-em-fn-I-fnepw amäw h¶n-«p--v. F¶m Chn-sS-h¶ Hcp {][m\amäw tkh-\-ta-J-e-bnse sXmgn-em-fn-Isf am\p-^m-IvN-dnwKv skÎ-dnse Hm¸-td-äÀ¡v Xpey-am¡n amäp¶ Hcp ØnXn h¶p-sIm--n-cn¡p¶p F¶-Xm-Wv. tkh-\-ta-J-e-bn I¼yq-«À hcp-¶-tXm-Sp-IqSn ImbnIm-²zm\w IqSp-X kq£va-ambn \S-¯p¶ b{´-kw-hn-[m\w sIm-phcp¶-Xp-t]mse Xs¶ am\-kn-Im-²zm\w b{´-h¡-cn-¡-s¸-Sp-I-bmWv (Ah X½n- hyXymkw Ds--¦nepw b{´-h¡-cn-¡-s¸-Sp-I-bm-Wv). ap¼v Hcp A ¡ z u - - ân\v AbmÄ Xs¶ Ccp¶p IW-¡p-Iq«n FÃmw icn-bm-¡Wambn-cps¶-¦nÂ, Ct¸mÄ AbmÄ¡v I¼yq-«-dn ^oUv sNbvXv _«¬ AaÀ¯n-bm aXn. \nÀ½m-W-ta-J-e-bn Hcp Hmt«m samss_ taJ-ebnse Hcp sXmgn-em-fn, Abm-fpsS tPmen Hcp b{´-k-lm-b-¯m sN¿p¶Xv t]mse-¯s¶ Hcp sshäv tImfÀ sXmgn-emfn IW-¡vIq-«Â I¼yq-«dnsâ _«-W-aÀ¯n-sIm-v sN¿p-¶p. C§n-\s¯ Hcp amäw B[p-\nI apX-em-fn-¯¯ - nsâ hnIm-k¯ - nsâ `mK-ambn hcp-¶p. A§n-s\-sbmcp amäw hcp¶Xp-sIm-v B amä-¯nsâ `mK-ambn amÀIvknsâ Ime¯v F®¯n IqSp-Xe - m-bn-cp¶ am\p-^m-IvNdnwKv skÎ-dnse sXmgn-em-fn-IÄ hn¹hw \S-¯pw, ]Icw tkh-\-ta-Je hnI-kn-¨-Xnsâ ^e-ambn hn¹hw \S-¯m\pÅ km[yX a§p¶p F¶ hmZw s]mfn-bp-I-bm-Wv. ImcWw IqSp-X sXmgn-em-fn-IÄ, AsÃ-¦n sshäv tImtfgvkv Xs¶ Hm¸-tdt-äÀkv Bbn amdp-¶p. \nÀ½mW taJ-bn-teXv t]mse Xs¶ tkh-\-ta-J-e-bnepw amdp¶p. apX-em-fn¯ hnImkw IqSp-X IqSp-X hcpw-tXmdpw kaq-l-¯n A²zm-\n-¡p-¶-h-cpsS F®w IqSn-¡qSn hcn-I-bm-Wv. A²zm-\n-¡p-¶-hÀ alm-`q-cn-]-£-am-hp¶ Hcp kml-Ncyw hcp-¶p. AXp-sIm-v Nqj-W-an-Ãm¯ hyhØ sI«n-¸-Sp-¡p-¶-Xn amÀIvkv I- sXmgn-emfn hÀ¤w AXm-bXv hkvXp-\n-jvT-am-bn«v AXn\v XmÂ]-cy-ap-Å-h-cpsS F®w bYmÀ°-¯n IqSp-I-bm-Wv. Ct¸mÄ henb {]Xo-£b - mbn Ah-Xc - n-¸n-¡p-¶X - mWv C³^Àta-j³ sSIvt\mfPn I¼-\n-IÄ. ‘am\p-^m-IvNdnwKv skÎÀ t]mse-bà CXv. am\p-^mIvNdnwKv skÎ-dn {]Xn-k-Ôn-bp--v. sF.-Sn. taJ-e-bn AXnÃ’ F¶mWv ]d-ªn-cp-¶-Xv. Cu hmZhpw Ct¸mÄ s]mfnªp Ign-ªp. sF.-Sn. I¼-\n-I-fn tPmen-sN-¿p-¶-hÀ B taJ-e-bn henb sshZvKv[yw t\Sn- b - h - c m- W v . sXmgn- e m- f n- b mbn C¯- c - ¡ msc ]cn- K - W n- t ¡- - X nà F¶mWv ]d-b-s¸-Sp-¶-Xv. F¶m \nÀ½mW taJ-e-bnse sXmgn-em-fnIÄ Ah-cpsS kwL-Sn-X-amb apt¶-äw-sIm-v t\Sn-sb-Sp¯ hfsc ]cn-anX-amb B\p-Iq-ey-§tfm kwc-£-Wtam t]mepw ChÀ¡v e`n-¡p-¶n-à F¶-Xm-Wv bmYmÀ°yw! Ah-cpsS sXmgn kabw \nÝn-X-a-Ã. cmhnse 8 aWn¡v t]mbm cm{Xn 10 aWn hsc Nne-t¸mÄ tPmen sNt¿-n hcpw. AXp-hsc I¼yq-«-dnsâ ap¶nÂXs¶ Ip¯n-bn-cn-¡pw. I¼-\n-bn \n¶p t\ct¯ t]mcm³ Ign-ªm B sXmgn-em-fn-IÄ¡v I¼-\n-IÄ Hcp sNdnb I¼yq-«À ho«n-te¡v kss¹ sN¿p-I-bm-Wv. Hm^o-knÂsh¨v 29

sXmgn-em-fn-h¿§-k-a-c-߃ XI-cp-I-b-√.. cmjv{So-b-k-a-cß-fmbn hnI-kn-°p-I-bmWv BtKm-f-h¬°-cW \b-߃s°-Xn-cmb t]mcm-´-߃°v {]m[m\yw ssIh-∂-tXmsS sXmgn-em-fn-Iƒ°n-S-bnepw t{SUv bWn-b-\pIƒ°n-S-bnepw Nne Bi-b-]-c-amb {]iv\-߃ henb kwhm-Z-ßfpw Db¿∂p-h-∂n-´p≠v. cmPy-hym-]-I-amb sXmgn-emfn h¿§ sFIy-Øns‚ {]iv\w Xs∂-sb-Sp-°p-I. tkh\ ˛ thX\ hyh-ÿ-Iƒ sa®-s∏-SpØm≥ sXmgn-ep-S-a-I-tfmSv \S-Øp∂ t]mcm-´ß-fn¬ sFIy-ap-≠m-°pI Xmc-X-tay\ Ffp∏hpw efn-X-hp-am-bncn°pw {]kvXpX t]mcm´ßƒ AXXv ÿm]-\-ßsf tI{μo-I-cn-®m-bXp-sIm-≠p-Xs∂ {]mtZ-ioI ka-c-߃ Bbncp-∂p. F∂m¬, BtKm-f-h¬°-cW \b߃s°-Xn-cmb t]mcm-´-߃ cmPy-hym-]-Iamb H∂m-I-Ww. tI{μ˛ kwÿm\ Kh¨sa‚p-I-fpsS \b-߃s°-Xn-cmbn \SØp∂ t]mcm-´-ß-fm-b-Xp-sIm-≠mWv CXv th≠n-h-cp-∂-Xv. Xß-fpsS tkh\ thX\ hyh-ÿ-Iƒ sa®-s∏-Sp-Øm-\mbn D∂-bn°p∂ Bh-iy-߃ G‰hpw ]nt∂m°w \n¬°p∂ sXmgn-em-fn-Iƒ°p-t]mepw Ffp-∏Øn¬ a\- n-em-°m≥ Ign-bpw. Ah t\Sm-\pff t]mcm-´-ß-fn¬ sXmgn-em-fn-Isf AWn-\nc-ØpI Xmc-X-ta\y efn-X-am-Ip-∂Xv C°m-cW-Øm-em-Wv. F∂m¬, BtKm-f-h¬°-cW \b-ß-fpsS \m\m-h-i-߃ sXmgn-em-fn-Isfbpw km[m-cW P\-ß-sfbpw F{]-Im-camWv tZmjI-c-ambn _m[n-°p-∂Xv F∂v kmam\y h¿K-t_m-[-ap-ff sXmgn-em-fn-Iƒ°pt]mepw {Kln-°m≥ {]bm-k-am-bn-cp-∂p. A°m-c-W-Øm¬ Xs∂ kmº-ØnI ka-c-ßfn-eqsS sXmgn-emfn ˛ P\-km-am-\y-Øn\v ssIh-∂n-´p-ff h¿K-t_m-[-Øns‚ \ne-hmcw Db¿ØpI F∂Xv t{SUv bqWn-b-\p-I-fpsS ap∂n¬ ASn-b-¥c IS-a-bmbn h∂p. Ign™ H∂c ]Xn-‰m≠v Ime-ambn C¥y≥ `c-W-h¿K-߃ Cu \b-ß-fpsS ASn-ÿm-\Øn-ep-ff ]p\x-kw-L-S-\-bv°mbn Ht´sd \S]-Sn-Iƒ XpS¿®-bmbn FSpØp t]mcp-I-bmWv Cu kml-N-cy-ß-fn¬ t{SUv bqWn-b-\pIƒ°v k¿°m¿ \b-ß-sfbpw \S-]-Sn-Isfbpw XpS¿®-bmbn hne-bn-cpØn hni-Zo-I-cnt°-≠Xv Bh-iy-am-bn-Øo¿∂p. A{]-Imcw sNømsX Cu \b-ßsf°pdn-®p-ff ka-{Kamb Adnhv sXmgn-em-fn-Iƒ°v ]I¿∂p-sImSp-°m≥ Ign-bp-am-bn-cp-∂n-√.

 PEOPLE AGAINST GL OBALISA TION GLOBALISA OBALISATION

BtKm-f-h¬°-c-W-Øn-s\-Xnsc P\-߃


21˛mw \q‰m-≠nse sXmgn-em-fn-h¿§w

sNbvXp XoÀ¡m³ ]äm¯ ]Wn ho«nÂsh¨v sNt¿-n hcp-¶p. Cu s{]mPÎv C{X Znh-k-¯n-\p-Ån sNbvXp-XoÀ¡Ww F¶ IcmÀ ASn-Øm-\-¯n BWv tPmen. CXn-\mbn henb aÕ-camWv \S-¡p-¶-Xv. ImcWw Cu taJ-e-bn hnZ-Kv²-·m-cmb sXmgnem-fn-IÄ hfsc IqSp-X-em-Wv. F¶m Ah-kcw hfsc Ipd-hpw. C´y-bn sF.-Sn. taJ-e-bn henb apt¶-ä-amsW¶mWv Kh¬ saâp-IÄ ]d-bp-¶X - v. CXnsâ ^e-ambn P¸m³, Ata-cn¡ t]mepÅ hnI-knX cmPy-§-fnse _lp-cm{ã Ip¯-I-IÄ Ah-c-h-cpsS cmPy§-fnse sXmgn-em-fn-Isf ]ncn-¨p-hn-«v, C´y-sb-t]m-epÅ aq¶mw temI cmPy- § - f n \n¶mWv sXmgn- e m- f n- I sf Is- - ¯ p- ¶ - X v . AXmXv cmPy- § - f nse sXmgn- e m- f n- I Ä sXmgnÂc- l n- X - c mhpw F¶À°w. tkh-\-ta-J-e-bnepw sXmgn-emfn sXmgn-ep-Sa _Ôw apX-em-fn¯hnImk-t¯mSp IqSn hfÀ¶p hcn-I-bm-Wv. XÂ^-e-ambn tkh-\-Xp-d-Ifnepw A²zm-\-iàn hn¡p¶ sXmgn-em-fnbpw AXp-hm§n Ahsc- s Im- v ]Wn- s b- S p- ¸ n- ¡ p¶ sXmgn- e p- S - a - b p- s - ¶ v ImWmw. am\kn-Im-²zm-\-¯n-teÀs¸-Sp¶ sshäv tImfÀ BWv ChÀ. F¶m AhÀ hnim-e-amb AÀ°-¯n sXmgn-em-fn-hÀ¤-¯nsâ `mK-amsW¶p ImWmw a\p-jy-kaq-l-¯nsâ Ncn{Xw ]cn-tim-[n-¨m Adnhpw kmt¦-XnI hnZybpw XpSÀ¨-bmbn hfÀ¶p t]m¶n-«p-s-¶v ImWmw. Hcp {]tXyI kmt¦-XnI hnZy D]-tbm-Kn¨v Dev]m-Z\w \S-¯p-t¼mÄ B kmt¦-XnI hnZy DÄs¡m-Åp¶ b{´ kwhn[m\w {]hÀ¯n-¸n-¡p-¶-Xn\v ]pXnb sXmgn-ep-IÄ kaq-l-¯n hcn-Ib - m-Wv. B sXmgn-ep-IÄ sN¿p¶ sXmgn-em-fnbpw hcp-¶p. {]Nmc-¯n-epÅ Hcp kmt¦-Xn-I-hnZy Ime-l-c-W-s¸-Sp-Ibpw XÂØm\¯v ]pXnb Hcp kmt¦-Xn-I-hnZy {]Xy-£-s¸-Sp-Ibpw sN¿p-t¼mÄ AXn\v Bh-iy-amb ]pXnb sXmgn-ep-IÄ kaq-l-¯n krãn-¡s¸-Sp-I-bm-Wv. {]kvXpX sXmgn-ep-IÄ sN¿m³ {]m]vXn-bp-Å-hcpw a\p- j yÀ¡n- S - b n \n¶p- - m - h p- ¶ p. ]pXnb kmt¦- X n- I - h nZy sIm- p h¶ apX-emfn AXp {]hÀ¯n-¸n-¡m³ ]cn-N-b-apÅ ]pXnb sXmgnem-fn-Isf tPmen¡p sh¡p-I-bm-Wv. C{]-Imcw ]pXnb kmt¦-XnI-hnZy hcp-¶Xv apX-em-fn-¯-¯n-\p-Ån \nc-´-c-ambn \S-¡p¶ Hcp {]{In-b-bm-Wv. CXnsâ ^e-ambn sXmgn-em-fn-hÀ¤w CÃm-Xmbn hcn-I-bà adn¨v ]pXnb hn`m-K-§Ä IqSn sXmgn-emfn hÀ¤-¯n AWntNcp-I-bmWv sN¿p-¶-sX¶v ImWmw. DÂ]m-Z-\-{]-{In-b-bn ]pXnb kmt¦-XnI hnZy-IÄ IqSp-X IqSp-X-embn D]-tbm-Kn-¡p¶-Xnsâ ^e-ambn hcp¶ kmaqly {]Xym-LmXw amÀIvkv aqe-[\-¯n ]cn-tim-[n-¡p-¶p--v. DZm-l-c-W-¯n\v {]mNo-\-Im-e-§-fnse ssIth-e-¡mÀ GsX-¦nepw Hcp DÂ]¶w ]qÀ®-ambn \nÀ½n-¡p¶-h-cm-bn-cp-¶p. kmt¦-XnI hnZy-Ifpw b{´-h¡-c-Whpw {]Nm-c¯n hcp-t´mdpw ssIth-e-¡m-cpsS Øm\¯v sXmgn-em-fn-IÄ Iq«mbn DÂ]¶w \nÀ½n-¡p¶ AhØ hcp-¶p. AhÀ¡v \ÂInb t]cv Ie-Îo-hv te_À F¶m-Wv. CXnsâ ^e-ambn hyàn-bpsS Dev]m-Z-\-tijn hÀ²n-¡pI am{X-aà AhÀ kl-I-cn¨v tPmen-sN¿p- ¶ - X nsâ ^e- a mbn Hcp ]pXnb iàn DbÀ¶p- h - c p- ¶ p- - v . amÀIvkv. CXns\ ‘Ie-Îohv ]hÀ Hm^v Zn amÊkv ’ F¶mWv \nÀÆNn-¡p-¶X - v. sXmgn-emfn hÀ¤-s¯-Ip-dn-¨pÅ Cu k¦Â]-§Ä, B[p\nI Ime¯pw sXmgn-emfn hÀ¤s¯ Xncn-¨-dn-bp-¶-Xn\v klm-bI-am-Wv. CsXÃmw ImWn-¡p-¶Xv sXmgn-emfn hÀ¤w B[p-\n-I-hnIm-k-{]-{In-b-bn CÃm-Xm-bn-h-cn-I-bà hÀ²n¨p hcn-I-bmWv F¶p Xs¶bm-Wv.

sXmgn-em-fn-h¿§-k-a-c-߃......... BtKmfh¬°-cW DZm-c-h¬°-cW \b-߃ shdpw kmº-ØnI \b-߃ am{X-a√ cmjv{Sob \b-߃ IqSn-bm-Wv. kaq-l-Ønse hyXykvX h¿K-ß-sfbpw kmaq-ly-hn-`m-K-ß-sfbpw Hcp-t]m-se-b√ Ah _m[n°p-∂-Xv. BtKm-f-aq-e-[\ DS-a-Iƒ°pw `c-W-h¿§ßƒ°pw AXv KpWw sNøpw. AtX-k-abw sXmgn-emfn-Iƒ, Irjn-°m¿, sNdp-InS kzØp-S-a-Iƒ, Zp¿_e hn`m-K-߃ F∂n-h¿s°√mw \miw hnX-dp-∂-h-bmWv B \b-߃ BtKm-f-h¬°-cW \b-߃s°-Xncmb t]mcm-´-ßfn¬ sFIyw i‡n-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂-Xn\v cmjv{So-btØmSp-ff kao-]\w F¥m-bn-cn-°-W-sa∂v sXmgnemfn kwL-S-\-Iƒ hy‡-am-t°-≠-Xp-≠v. BtKm-fh¬°-cW \b-߃ Db¿Øn-∏n-Sn-°p∂ cmjv{So-bsØ \mw \ncm-I-cn-°p-∂p. BtKm-f-h¬°-cW \b߃s°-Xn-cmb t]mcm-´-ß-fn¬ cmjv{So-b-Øn\v AXoX-amb sFIyw thW-sa∂v kn.-sF.-Sn.bp Bh-iyap∂bn-°p-∂-Xns‚ ASn-ÿm-\-an-Xm-Wv. CtXm-sSm∏w `n∂-a-X-ßfpw Ah XΩn¬ Db¿Øp∂ X¿°-ß-tfmSpw AXp-t]m-e-Xs∂ \m\m-PmXn kwL-S\-Ifpw Ah-cp-b¿Øp∂ hmZ-ap-J-ß-tfmSpw \ΩpsS kao-]\w Fs¥∂ Imcyhpw Db¿∂p-h-cp-∂p-≠v. sXmgn-em-fn-I-fpsS h¿K {]ÿm-\hpw t{SUv bqWnb≥ {]ÿm-\hpw aX-\n-c-t]£ Bi-b-ß-fn¬ A[njvTn-X-am-Wv. \m\m-a-X-ß-fn¬ hniz-kn-°p-∂-hcpw kh¿W˛ Ah¿W PmXn-I-fn¬s]´-hcpw hyXykvX `mj-Iƒ kwkm-cn-°p-∂-hcpw F√mw sXmgn-em-fnIƒ°n-S-bn-ep-≠v. A°m-c-W-Øm¬ Xs∂ PmXn hyXym-k-߃°pw aX-hn-izm-k-߃°pw `mjm hyXym-k-߃°pw D]-cn-bmb Hcp kao-]-\-Øn-eqsS am{Xta h¿KsØ GIo-I-cn-°m≥ Ign-bq. A°m-c-WØm-emWv t{SUv bqWn-b≥ {]ÿm\w aX-\n-ct]£ \ne-]m-Sp-I-fn¬ ASn-bp-d®p \n¬°p-∂-Xv. sXmgn-em-fn-Isf PmXn-bp-sStbm aX-hn-izm-k-Øns‚tbm ASn-ÿm-\-Øn¬ kwL-Sn-∏n-°p∂Xv AhcpsS sFIyw XI¿°m-\mWv klm-bn-°p-I. BtKm-fh¬°-cW DZm-c-h¬°-cW \b-߃ Db¿Øn-∏n-Sn°p∂ Nne ]m¿´n-Iƒ sXmgn-emfn h¿K-Øns‚ sFIyw XI¿°m≥ h¿Kob {]Nm-c-Ww-IqSn \S-Øp∂p-≠v. C{]-Im-c-ap-ff Bi-b-ß-fpsS t]cn¬ sXmgnem-fn-I-sfbpw P\-ß-sfbpw `n∂n-∏n-°p-∂-h¿ Cu \b߃ \S-∏m-°m≥ \n£n]vX Xm¬]-cy-°msc klmbn-°pIbmWv. aX-\n-c-t]£ \ne-]m-Sn\v as‰mcp A¿Yw IqSn-bp-≠v. hyXykvX aX-hn-izm-kn-Iƒ°v Xß-fpsS hnizmkw A\p-k-cn®v Cuiz-cm-cm-[\ \SØm-\p-ff Ah-Im-ihpw kzmX-{¥yhpw aX-\n-c-t]£ \ne-]mSv FSp-°p-∂-h¿ AwKo-I-cn-°pw. \nco-iz-c-hm-ZnIƒ°v Xß-fpsS hnizm-k-߃ A\p-k-cn®v {]h¿Øn°m-\p-ff kzmX-{¥yhpw AXv \ntj-[n-°p-∂n-√. ˛sI.-F≥.-c-ho-{μ-\mYv

]n.-F.-Pn. _p≈-‰n\v 500 cq] /AXn\v apI-fn¬ kw`mh\ Ab®p X∂-h¿ 35 36 37 38 39 40 30

k: k: k: k: k: k:

(5 h¿jsØ hm¿jnI hcn-kwJy 500 cq]-bmWv)

ssjPp F≥, Rmd-bv°¬, ap´n¬, I¬∏‰ iio-{μ-\mYv sI., \mj-W¬ C≥jq-d≥kv, IÆq¿ sF.-F-kv. iymw, \yq C¥ym Ajz-d≥kv, Xr{]-bm¿ (KSGIEU) Sn.-sI. tKm]-Ip-am¿, bpssW-‰Uv C¥ym C≥jq-d≥kv, tImgn-t°mSv (KSGIEU) IrjvW-cmPv, bpssW-‰Uv C¥ym C≥jq-d≥kv, Xr»q¿ (KSGIEU) Znt\iv hn.-hn., tZh-cm-Kw, taem‰q¿, ae∏pdw Pn√

Rs.1000 Rs.1000 Rs.500 Rs.500 Rs.500 Rs.500

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BtKm-f-h¬°-c-W-Øn-s\-Xnsc P\-߃


21˛mw \q‰m-≠nse sXmgn-em-fn-h¿§w

sXmgn-en-√m-bva-bpsS hne ? apX-em-fnØ D¬∏m-Z\ hyh-ÿ-bpsS IqS-∏n-d-∏mWv \nc-¥cw Bh¿Øn-°p∂ hyh-km-b-am-μyw. amμy-sa-∂m¬ D¬∏m-Z\ {]h¿Ø-\-Øn¬ \n∂v ]n≥am-d¬X-s∂. AXv sXmgn-en-√mbva krjvSn-°p∂p. F∂m¬ Iqensh´n-°p-d®pw te Hm^v \S-Ønbpw b{¥-ßf - psS tijn-Ip-d®pw em`w \ne-\n¿Øp∂ hnZy-bm-Wn-Xv. sXmgn-en-√mØhcpsS Hcp h≥I-cpX¬ tk\sb \ne-\n¿Øns°m-≠v, G‰hpw Ipd™ Iqen-°mbn sXmgn¬ Itºm-f-Øn¬ hne t]ip∂ coXnbpw apX-em-fnØ D¬∏m-Z\ hyh-ÿ-bpsS am{Xw {]tXy-I-X-bm-Wv. em`w \ne-\n¿Øm\pw s]cp-∏n-°m\pw apX-em-fnØw kzoI-cn-°p∂ Cu am¿§-߃°v kaqlw \¬tI≠n-h-cp∂ "hne' hfsc hep-Xm-Wv. "Securing Right to employment' F∂ ^n-en∏v lm¿th-bpsS ]T-\w, sXmgn-en-√m-bva-bpsS kmap-lnI kmº-Øn-I-"aqeyw' AYhm "hne' Xn´-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂p≠v. At±lw sXmgn-en-√m-bva-bpsS hne aq∂mbn hn`-Pn-°p-∂p. kmº-Øn-I-am-μy-Im-e-ß-fn¬ Zi-e-£-I-W-°n\v sXmgn-em-fn-IfpsS A[zm-\-tijn ths≠-∂p-h-bv°-s∏-Sp-I-bmWv sNøp-∂-Xv. ^e-Øn¬ `qanbpw Akw-kvIrX hn`-h-ßfpw b{¥-ßfpw hyhkm-b-\n-t£-]hpw hy¿∞-ambn InS-°p-∂p. 1932 se `oIc amμyIm-eØv Ão¬ hyh-km-bw, tijn-bpsS 10 iX-am\w am{X-amWv hn\n-tbm-Kn-®-Xv. sXmgn-em-fn-Iƒ ]Wn-a-d-∂-tXm, b{¥-߃ Iq´tØmsS tISm- b - t Xm, Ãoens‚ Bhiyw Ipd- ™ tXm sIm≠√t√m D¬∏m-Z\w ths≠-∂p-h® - X - v. Cu {]{In-bb - n¬ kaql-Øns‚ D¬∏m-Z\ - £ - a - X - bpw D¬∏m-Z\ - hpw AXn-`o-aa - mb Afhn¬ ]mgm-°p-I-bmWv sNøp-∂-Xv. hyh-kmb amμy-Øns‚ t]cn¬ krjvSn-°p∂ sXmgn-en-√mbva kaq-l-Øn-\msI \jvSv]s]-Sp-Øp-∂-sX∂v hfsc henb kmº-ØnI {]h¿Ø-\-ßfpw kºØpw kmaq- l nI hyh- l m- c - ß - f p- a m- s W∂v Npcp- ° pw. Cßs\ t\m°p-tºmƒ kaq-l-a√ D¬]m-Z\hyh-ÿ-bmWv Zb\o-b-amb tXm¬hn kΩ-Xn-°p-∂-Xv. 1977\pw 86\pw CS-bnse Ata-cn-°-bn-ep-≠m-b kmº-ØnI amμyØns‚ hne Hcp {Sney≥ bpFkv tUmf¿ hcp-sa-∂mWv ^nen∏v lm¿sΔ Xn´-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂-Xv. Cu ImeØv \jvS-s∏´ D¬∏-∂-ßfpsS aqey- a m- W - X v . C{Xbpw D¬]m- Z \w Ata- c n- ° ≥ ]uc≥am¿°n-S-bn¬ Xpey-ambn hoXn-®m¬ {]Xn-h¿jw 1600 tUmf¿ hoXw Hmtcm Bfn\pw D≠m-hpw. sXmgn-ep-≠m-bn-cp-∂psh-¶n¬, Cu D¬∏∂w D]-tbm-Kn-°s - ∏-Sp-am-bn-cp-∂p-sh-∂pw, AXv \nc-h-[n-bmb Pohn-X-hy-h-lm-c-ß-fmbn ]p\¿\n¿Ωn-°s∏-Spsa∂pw Hm¿°pI! Cu A¿∞-Øn¬ sXmgn-en-√mbva Hcp h≥ sImf-f-bm-Wv. D¬∏-∂-ß-fp-sSbpw hcp-am-\-Øns‚bpw sImff! D¬∏m-Z-\-Øns‚ t]cn¬ e`n-t°≠ hcp-am-\-Øns‚ Xosh-´ns°m-≈. sXmgn-en-√m-bva- ImcWw P\-XbpsS ss\k¿§nI A[zm-\-ti-jnbmWv c≠m-asØ hne! sXmgn¬/A[zm\w Hcp ASnk-Ym\ am\p-jnI IS-a-bm-Wv. Cu {]{In-b-bn-eq-sS-bmWv \mw \ΩpsS temIw \nc-¥cw am‰p-∂-Xv. CtX A[zm-\-ti-jn-bmWv D]-I-cW-ßf - p-≠m-°m\pw D¬∏m-Z\w h¿≤n-∏n-°m\pw \-ap°v k¶¬∏n°m≥ Ign-bm-Ø-hn[w D]-tbm-Kn-°-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv. sXmgn-emWv a\pjys\ kmaq-ly-h¬°-cn-®-Xv. A[zm-\-amWv a\p-jysc Hcp-an∏n-°p-∂Xpw \nc-¥cw hf¿Øp-∂-Xpw. apX-em-fn-Ø-Øn¬, a\ptjy-Xc - a - mb D¬∏m-Z\ D]-Ic - W - ß - f - p-ambn CS-s]-Sp-hm≥ sXmgnen-eq-sS-bmWv a\p-jy¿°v Ah-kcw e`n-°p-∂-Xv. a\p-jy--sc∂ \ne-bn¬ \n¿Δ-ln-t°≠ Cu IS-a-I-fn¬ \n∂v Ahsc am‰n \n¿Øp-I-bmWv "sXmgn-en-√m-bva' sNøp-∂-Xv. a\pjys‚ kmaq-ly-h¬°cWw AXv XS-bp-∂p. \ne-\n¬°m-\m-hiy-amb km[-\-߃ hmßm-\p-ff Ah-Imiw AXv \ntj-[n-°p-

∂p. sXmgn-en-√mbva h-fsc henb kmaq-ly-hn-cp-≤-A-\p-`-h-amWv F∂¿∞w! IqSmsX sXmgn-en-√m-Ø-h¿°v Ah-cpsS IpSpw_sØ \ne-\n¿Øm-t\m, klm-bn-°mt\m Ign-bp-∂n-√. a\p-jysc-∂-\n-e-bn¬ \n¿Δ-ln-t°≠ ZuXy߃ Gs‰-Sp-°m-\m-hmsX hcp∂ a\p-jy-cpsS KXn-sb-¥mWv? tacn-em‚nse tPm¨kv, tlm]vInwKv bqWn-th-gvkn‰n s{]m^-k¿ lm¿sΔ {_Æ¿ Cu kmaqly Ah-ÿ-tb-°p-dn®v \S-Ønb ]T\w ]d-bp-∂Xv sXmgn-en-√mbva hyXykvX kz`m-h-ap-ff BtcmKy ˛ kmap-ln-I-{]-iv\-ß-fp-≠m-°p-sa-∂m-Wv. am\-kn-Im-tcm-Ky-an-√m-bva-bn¬ \n∂pw XpS-ßn, lrZ-bw, Icƒ kw_-‘n-bmb tcmK-߃ hsc sXmgn-en-√m-Ø-h-cn¬ Af-hne-[nIw {]Xy-£-am-Wv.. ac-W-\n-c-°v IqSp-X-em-hp∂Xp-Iq-Sm-sX, Bfl-l-Xybpw \c-l-Xybpw h¿≤n® Af-hn¬ Cu kaq-l-ßfn¬ ImWp-∂p. Ad-Ãp-sN-ø-s∏-Sm-\pw, kmaqly A{I-a-߃°v t\XrXzw \¬Im-\pw, Ip‰-Ir-Xy-߃ sNøm-\p-ap-ff {]h-W-X, sXmgn¬-D-ff kaq-l-hp-ambn X´n-®p-t\m-°n-bm¬ ChnsS Cc-´nbm-Ws{X! 10% sXmgn-en-√m-bvam-h¿≤-\hv 1.2% ac-W\ - n-c°v 10 iX-am\w Bfll-Xym-\n-c°pw h¿≤n-∏n-®p-sh∂v Cu ]T\w Is≠-Øp-∂p. a\p-jysc kmaq-ly-ambn Xs∂ \ncmis∏-Sp-Øp-∂-Xn\pw AkpJ- _ m- [ n- X - c m- I p∂- X n\pw sXmgn- e n- √ mbv a Imc- W - a m- h p- ∂ p.. Im\U/ {_n´≥ , ^n≥em‚ v, U≥am¿°v , C‰en Ata-cn° XpSßnb cmjv{S-ß-fn¬ \S-Ønb ]T-\-amWv Cu hkvXp-X-Iƒ hy‡-am-°p-∂-Xv. sXmgn-en-√m-bva- \¬Ip∂ Cu hne°v B\p-]m-Xn-I-ambn kmºØnI aqeyhpw D≠m-hm-sX-h-ø. 1973-˛74¬ 0.7% sXmgn-en-√mbvam \nc°v h¿≤n®-t∏mƒ {]Xn-io¿j hcp-am-\-Øn¬ 3 iX-am-\Øns‚ Ipd-hm-Wp-≠m-bXv. kmº-Øn-I-ambn ]m∏-cm-b-hcpsS FÆØn¬ 200% h¿≤-\h - mWv AXv krjvSn-®X - v. CXp-hgn Atacn-°bnse Btcm-Ky-\n-b-a-cw-K-ß-fn-¬ 24 _ney≥ tUmf-dns‚ A[n-I-k-©nX sNehv (Cu hyXn-bm\w hgn) IqSp-X-ep-≠m-bn´p-s≠∂v ]T\w ]d-bp-∂p. sXmgn-en-√m-bva-bpsS {]Xym-Lm-X-߃ F{X-tØmfw `oI-chpw hym]-I-hp-am-sW-∂mWv Cu ]T-\-߃ sXfn-bn-°p-∂-Xv. kaql-Øn-\msI ac-W-hpw, ]oV-\hpw kw`m-h-\-sN-øp-∂-hsc Ip‰hm-fn-Ifpw, sIme-]m-X-In-Ifpw F∂-Wv \mw hnfn-°mdv? sXmgnen-√mbva kr-jvSn-°p∂ apX-em-fnØ hyh-ÿ-bmWv Cu {]XymLm-X-ß-fpsS Dd-hnSw Ah-cpsS D¬∏m-Z-\-{]-{In-bbpw coXn-bpam-Wv. Ip‰-hmfn apX-em-fnØ hyhÿ Xs∂! sXmgn-en-√m-bva°v kaqlw \¬tI≠n-h-cp∂ hne-bn¬ lm¿sΔ Iq´n-t®¿°p∂ {][m-\-Im-cy-ß-fn-sem∂v k¿°m-cp-Iƒ°p-≠mhp∂ hcp-am-\-\-jvS-am-Wv. D¬∏m-Z-\-°p-dhv aqew \jvS-s∏-Sp∂ \nIp-Xn-I-fpw, sXmgn-en-√mbva aqe-ap-≠m-Ip∂ {]iv\-߃ ]cnl-cn-°m≥ th≠n-h-cp∂ A[nI kmº-ØnI _m[y-X-I-fp-am-WXv. 1977˛ 86 ImeØv , sXmgn¬ cln-X-sc -k-lm-bn-°m≥ am{Xw 1000 tUmf¿ hoXw {]Xn-h¿jw Hmtcm Bƒ°pw Kh¿W-sa‚n\v sNe-hg- n-t°-≠n-hc - p-∂X - mbn lm¿sΔ Is≠-Øp∂p! \nIpXn hcpam-\-\jvSw AXns‚ F{Xa-S-ßp-hcpw!! sXmgn-en-√m-bvab - pw, kmº-Øn-Ia - m-μyhpw, sXmgn-en-√m-∏S- bpw A\nhm-cy-am-°p∂ apX-em-fnØ D¬∏m-Z\ coXn-bmWv kaq-l-Øn\v C{X-b-[nIwamc-I-amb {]Xym-Lm-X-߃ kΩm-\n-°p-∂-Xv. am\pjn-I-a-√mØ IS-a-Iƒ am{Xw \n¿Δ-ln-°p∂ Cu hyh-ÿ°v "a\p-jy-apJw' \¬Im≥ ]pd-s∏-Sp∂htcmSv kl-X-∏n-°p∂XpsIm-≠m-bn√ Ah-¿°v hkvXp-X-Iƒ ]d-™p-t_m-[y-s∏-SpØm\pw \ap°v _m[y-X-bp-≠v. ˛ AP-btLmjv

Edited, Printed & Published by AJAYAN K., Convenor, People Against Globalisation for and on behalf of Kerala State General Insurance Employees Union, P.B. No. 1810, Cochin - 16. Managing Editor : K. Ramesh Kumar. Vol - 2/3, Issue No. 12 &1, Apr-May 2006 DTP & Layout : DataCare,Calicut., Printed at : Kairali Offset Prints, Calicut

CXn¬ {]ISn-∏n-°p∂ Bi-b-ßfpw A`n-{]m-b-ßfpw kwL-S-\-bp-tS-Xm-h-W-sa-∂n-√. ]n.-F.-Pn°pw teJ-I¿°p-amWv DØ-c-hm-Zn-Xzw. 31

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“aqe-[-\-Øns‚ io{L-amb h¿≤-\hv em`-Øns‚ AXn-th-K-Øn-ep≈ h¿≤-\hn\v Xpey-am-Wv. AXn-thKw em`w h¿≤n-°W - s - a-¶n¬ A≤zm-\Ø - ns‚ hne, Bt]£nI Iqen, A{X-Xs∂ thK-Øn¬ Ipd-b-Ww. bYm¿∞-Iqen em`-Øns‚ A\p]m-X-Øn¬ h¿≤n-°p-∂n-s√-¶n¬, \ma-am-{X-Iq-en-tbm-sSm-∏w, A≤zm-\-Øns‚ ]Waq-ey-tØm-sSm∏w bYm¿∞-Iqen IqSn-bm¬Xs∂ Bt]-£n-I-Iqen Ipd-s™∂v hcpw. DZm-l-c-W-Øn\v _nkn-\ v \√hÆw \S-°p∂ Ime-L-´-Øn¬ Iqen 5 iXam-\hpw, em`w 30 iX-am-\hpw h¿≤n-®m¬ Xmc-Xt- ay-\b - p≈ Bt]-£n-Ia- mb Iqen IqSp-I-b-√, Ipd-bp-I-bmWv sNøp-∂-Xv. AXp-sIm≠v aqe-[-\-Øns‚ AXn-th-KØn-ep≈ hf¿®-tbm-sSm∏w sXmgn-em-fn-bpsS hcp-am\w h¿≤n-°p-s∂-¶n¬ sXmgnem-fnsb apX-em-fn-bn¬ \n∂v th¿Xn-cn-°p∂ kmaq-ly-hn-Shpw AtX-k-a-bw-Xs∂ h¿≤n-°p-∂p. AtXm-sSm∏w A≤zm-\-Øns‚ taep≈ aqe-[-\-Øns‚ i‡nbpw ˛ aqe-[-\-Øns‚ taep≈ A≤zm-\-Øns‚ B{in-X-Xzhpw h¿≤n-°p-∂p. aqe-[-\Øns‚ io{L-h-f¿®-bn¬ Xm¬]-cy-ap-s≠∂v ]d-bp∂Xns‚ A¿∞w C{X-am-{XamWv : sXmgn-emfn a‰p-≈h - c - psS kºØv F{X-thKw h¿≤n-∏n-°p-∂pthm A{Xbpw IqSp-X¬ \°m-∏n®Iƒ Ah\v In´pw : A{Xbpw IqSp-X¬ sXmgn-em-fn-Iƒ°v ]Wn In´pw, \ne-\n¬∏p-≠mIpw; aqe-[-\sØ B{i-bn®v Pohn-°p∂ Bfp-I-fpsS FÆw A{X-I≠v h¿≤n-∏n-°m≥ Ign-bpw” ˛ Imd¬am¿Ivkv (Iq-en-th-ebpw aqe-[-\hpw ˛ 1849)

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