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"`c-W -\-ho-I-c-W'-Øns‚ ]mT-߃

Cu `c-W-Øn¬ BcmWv "kvam¿´m'-hp-∂-Xv..? tIm¨{Kkv ap∂Wn `c-W-Øn\v Imem-h-[n-sb-Øm≥ C\n GXm\pw amk-ßtfbp-f-fp. 4 h¿j-°m-esØ \nc-¥c XΩnØ-√n-\p-tijw A©mw h¿jw kvam¿´m-hm-\p-ff ]pd-∏m-Sn-emWv Ah¿. 15 e£w sXmgnepw Db¿∂ hymh-km-bnI, Im¿jnI hf¿®bpw hmKvZm\w sNbvXv "tIc-fob \thm-∞m-\Ø - n-s\mcp \b-tcJ' apt∂m-´p-h-®p-sIm-≠mWv Cu ap∂Wn A[n-Im-c-Ønte-dn-bX - v.. "`cW\ho-Ic - W - '-sa∂ F.-Un.-_n. AP-≠b - m-bn-cp∂p Cu \b-tc-J-bpsS {]mtbm-KnI ASn-ÿm-\w. kmaq-ly-Po-hnXw Bbm-k-c-ln--X-am-°p-hm≥ P\-ßsf klmbn-°p-I-bm-Wv `c-W-IqSw sNtø-≠Xv. F∂m¬ hnZym-`ymkw, Btcm-Kyw, IpSn-sh-ffw, KXm-K-Xw, `£-Ww, Irjn, hyh-kmbw, sXmgn¬ XpS-ßnb ASn-ÿm\ a\p-jym-h-iy-߃ t]mepw hy‡n-]-c-ambn ]cn-l-cn-°m≥ Bhiy-s∏-Sp∂ BtKm-f-h¬°cW \b-ßfmWv, tIcf kaq-lØ - n-\p-ta¬ Ah¿ ASn-t®¬∏n®-Xv. aÆpw, shf-f-hpw, IS-epw, ]pgbpw AS-°-ap-ff {]IrXn hn`-hß - ƒ hsc IpØ-II - ƒ°v ssIam-dp-Ib - m-bn-cp∂p e£yw! 2001 HIvtSm-_d - n¬ bp.Un.-F^v. A[n-Im-ct- a¬°p-tºmƒ 23,778 tImSn-cq-]-bm-bn-cp∂p JP-\m-hns‚ ISw. 2005 Pqembv amkw AXv 50,000 tImSn Ihn-™p-hs{X! hmßn-b -I-S-Øns‚ 10% t]mepw hnI-k-\-]-≤-Xn-Itfm, aqe-[\ \nt£-]-tam Bbn amdnbn-√! tI{μ-Øn¬ \n∂pw e`n-® [\hnln-X-Øns‚ ]Xn-\©v iX-am-\-Øn¬ A[nIw sNe-h-gn-°n-s√∂v Ah¿ ZrV-\n-›-bsa- S p- Ø n- c p- ∂ p- s h- ∂ mWv IW- ° p- I ƒ ]d- ™ p- X - c p- ∂ - X v. kakvX taJ-eb - nepw "`cW \ho-Ic - Ww' \SØnbn´pw hn¬∏\ \nIpXn IpSn-inIbmbn 5570 tImSn-cq]bp-s≠∂v {]Jym-]n-°p∂-h-cpsS ]cn-lm-kyX Fß-s\ -hn-h-cn-°-Ww.! BtKm-f-\n-t£-] -k-tΩ-f-\-ßfpw, "tdmUv tjm'Ifpw, ]©-\£{X hncp-∂p-Ifpw s]mSn-s]m-Sn-®p! ]t£ \nt£-]ß - s - fm∂pw \new sXm´n√! 5 h¿jw sIm≠v CS-Xp-]£w tIcf kaq-lØn\v FØn-®p-sIm-SpØ hymh-km-bnI \nt£-]Ø - ns‚ A©nsem∂mWv bp.Un.-F^v. [q¿Øns‚ BsI-Xp-I-bs{X! AXpsIm≠v Xs∂ ]pXnb sXmgn-sem∂pw Ah¿ sIm≠p-h-∂n-√-. sXmgn¬ cln-X¿ A\p-Zn\w s]cp-Ip∂ tIc-f-Øn¬, Ign™ \mev h¿jw-sIm≠v sXmgn-ep-f-f-h-cpsS FÆw 70,000 I≠v Ipd®p-sh-∂XmWv Ah-cpsS t\´w. Adp-]-tXmfw s]¨hm-Wn` tIkp-Ifpw Ccp-]-Øn-H-cm-bn-cØne[nIw kv{Xo]oV\ tIkpIfpw 40-˛¬ A[nIw At[m-temI sIme-]m-X-I-ßfpw Cu ImeØv kw`-hn-®n-´p-≠s{X! "tIc-fob \thm-∞m\' Øns‚ Cu "]pXp-h-gn-'°vNm¿tØ≠ t]sc-¥mWv ? Hcp Zim-_vZ-°mew `mKn-I-ambn XS-™p-sh-bv-°-s∏´ BtKmf-h¬°-cW \b-߃ 2001 apX¬ tIc-f-Øn¬ A[n-\n-thiw sNbvXp-sh-∂-XmWv Cu `c-W-Øns‚ (A-Yhm \ho-I-c-W-Øns‚)BsIØpI. BtKm-fa- q-e[ - \ hmgvNbpw Itºmf kwkvImchpw \thm-∞m-\-Øns‚ adp-t]cm-sW∂v Icp-Xp-∂-h-tcmSv _Z¬\-b-߃ sIm≠v IW-°p-Xo¿°msX, ]nd-°m-\n-cn-°p∂ \ΩpsS sIm®p a°ƒ°v t]mepw IÆp-an-gn-°m-\m-hn-√..

I¨ho-\¿

P E O P L E

A G A I N S T

G L O B A L I S A T I O N

BtKm-f-h¬°-c-W-Øn-s\-Xnsc PAG Bulletin 39

P\-߃

Vol. No. 2, Issue No. 6, Aprl-May 2005


\nt£- ] - ß ƒ \new- s Xm- S mØ Imew... tIc-f-Ønse tIm¨{Kkv ap∂-Wn-bpsS `cWw Xocm≥ C\n IrXyw ]Øv amk-ta-bpf-fq. 15 e£w-t]¿°v sXmgn¬ hmKvZm\w sNbvXv, "tIc-fob \thm-∞m-\-Øns\mcp \b-tcJ' apt∂m´v h®p-sIm-≠mWv Cu ap∂Wn 140-˛¬ \qdp-ko‰v t\Sn A[n-Im-c-Øn-te-dn-b-Xv. ]©m-b-Øp-Iƒ tXmdpw sNdp-InS hyh-kmb bqWn-‰p-Ifpw, t{KmØv sk‚-dp-Ifpw cq]oI-cn®v c≠p e£w t]¿°v sXmgn¬ \¬Ip-sa-∂-Xm-bn-cp∂p Hcp hmKvZm-\w. ssPh sshhn≤yw; arKkwc-£Ww , a’y-_-‘-\w, Irjn XpS-ßnb taJ-e-I-fn-eqsS 4 e£w t]¿°v sXmgn¬ \¬Ip∂ \nt£-]/hnI-k\ {]h¿-Ø-\-ß-fm-bn-cp∂p ASpØ-Xv. Sqdnkw cwKØv c≠p-e£w A`y-kvX-hn-Zy¿°v ]Wn e`n-°p∂ apt∂‰w; sF. Sn. taJ-e-bn¬ 3 e£w sXmgn-e-h-k-c-߃°p-ff \nt£-]w, _tbm-sS-Ivt\m-f-Pn-bn¬ c≠-c-e£w sXmgn¬., Du÷-ta-J-e-bn¬ 5 e£w t]¿°v ]Wn e`n-°p∂ hf¿®; hntZ-i-ß-fn¬ sXmgn¬ Ib-‰p-a-Xn-bn-eqsS c≠v e£w sXmgn¬ ..."\thm-∞m\ tcJ' Aßs\ \o≠p-t]m-Ip-∂p.. 4 h¿jw sIm≠v hmKvZm-\-Øns‚ Hcp iX-am\w t]mepw ]men-®n-s√∂ "dn°m¿Uv {]h¿Ø-\£aX' - bp.-Un.-F-^n\v Ah-Im-i-s∏-´-Xm-Wv. GIM apX¬ \b-{]-Jym-]\ - ß - fpw _P‰v {]kw-Kß - fpw hgn tIc-fØ - n-te°v Ah¿ N¿±n®n´ \nt£-]-ß-fpsS hen∏w I≠v tIc-fo-b¿ BZyw sR´n-t∏mbn! Imk¿tKmUv 7000 tImSn-bpsS s]t{Sm sIan-°¬kv hyh-kmbw; 1500 tImSn-bpsS sIm®n˛ Imbw-Ipfw Imk¿tKmUv ˛ awK-em-]pcw Kymkv sse≥, 535 tImSn-bpsS sIm®n ˛Icn-∏q¿ ss]∏vsse≥ XpSßn 100 tImSn-bpsS "kndm-anIvkv km\n-‰-dn-hn-b¿ t{]mPIvSv' hsc-bpff \nt£-]- {]-hm-l-Øn¬ H∂p-t]mepw \new-sXm-´n-√. C{Xbpw kvam¿´mbn tIc-fob¿ ]‰n-°-s∏-Sp-∂Xv CXm-Zy-am-bn-´m-Wv.! BtKmf \nt£] ktΩ-f-\-ßfpw "tdmUvtjm'Ifpw apdbv°v \S-∂p. U¬ln-bnepw Zp_mbnepw Hs° hncp-∂p-Iƒ s]mSn-s]m-Sn®n´pw \nt£-]-߃ h∂n√. 1996-˛2001 ImeØv (CS-Xp-]£ k¿°m-cns‚ `c-W-Øn¬ )6084.2 tImSn-cq-]-bpsS s]mXp ˛ kzImcy˛ hntZi \nt£-]amWv tIcf-Øn-seØnb-Xv. F∂m¬ 2001 apX¬ 2005 hsc 1200.46 tImSn cq]- b mWv ]pXnb \nt£]w \S- Ø n- b s{X. C- S - X p- ] £ Kh¨sa‚ns‚ A©n-sem∂v {]I-S\w!! CS-Xp-`-c-W-Øn¬ 97.4 tImSn-cq-]-bpsS s]mXp taJem\nt£]w \S-∂p-sh-¶n¬ tIm¨{K v ap∂-Wn-bpsS hnlnXw Hcp henb ]qPyw Xs∂!. CS-Xp-]£w 114 tImSn-bpsS hntZi \nt£]w sIm≠p-h-∂-t∏mƒ, bp. Un.-F^v. 46 tImSn-bpsS \ma-am{X \nt£-]-amWv Is≠-Øn-bXv! "\nt£] kulrZ kwÿm-\-ambn' tIc-fsØ am‰n Xo¿°pI-bm-sW∂v , \mgn-I°v \m¬∏Xvh´w ]peºp-∂-h-cpsS tijn Af-°m≥ CXnepw henb IW°pIsfm∂pw Bh-iy-an-√t√m.. XΩn- e - S n®pw JP- \ mhv sImf- f - b - S n®pw BtKm- f - a p- X - e m- f nam¿°mbn `cWw \S-Øn-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂h - ¿ kwÿm-\Ø - ns‚ kºZvL-S-\-bn¬ A]cn-lm-cy-amb hnf-f-ep-Iƒ hogvØn-bn-cn°p∂p. ISw `oa- a mbn s]cp- I n- s b- ∂ - X p- a m- { X- a √ dh\yq sNehpw k¿Δ-Im-e dn°m¿UnseØn. dh\yq hcp-am\w Zb\o-b-ambn Ipd-bp-Ibpw, IΩn IqSp-Ibpw sNbvXp.. aqe-[\ sNehpw ]≤Xn sNehpw Cu ImeØv k¿Δ-Ime -]-X-\-ØnseØn! ]≤Xn sNehpw aqe-[-\-sN-ehpw Ipd-bp-∂Xns‚ A¿∞w hnIk\/ sXmgn¬ taJ-e-I-fn¬ \nt£-]-an-√m-∂mW.v 2004˛ 05 ¬ 21,502 tImSn cq]m B`y-¥-c- IS-ap-≠m-bn-cp∂ Kh¨sa‚ v AXns‚ 16% am{X-amWv aqe-[\ \nt£-]Øn\v hn\n-tbm-Kn®Xv.-FSpØ hmbv]-bpsS 11.31% am{X-am-Wv Ah¿ \nt£-]n-®Xv! F∂m¬ CS-Xp-]£ `c-Ww (5 h¿jw) icm-icn 37%, aqe[-\\ - n-t£]w \S-Øn-sb-∂mWv _P-‰p-tc-JI - ƒ shfn-s∏-Sp-Øp∂-Xv.. thsdmcp cq]-Øn¬ ]d-™m¬, Irjn, Pe-tk-N-\w, {Kma-hn-I-k\w XpS-ßnb ASn-ÿm-\-ta-J-e-I-fn¬ F¬. Un. F^v Kh¨sa‚ v 342. 85 tImSn cq]m icm-icn hm¿jn-I-\nt£]w \S-Øn-b-t∏mƒ bp. Un. F^v. s‚ \nt£] icm-icn 139.64 tImSn cq] am{Xw! `c-WsØ C{Xbpw \ncp-Ø-c-hm-Z-]-c-amb A`ym-k-am°n am‰nb thsdmcp Kh¨sa‚pw CXp-hsc \ap-°p-≠m-bn-´n√!

dh\yq IΩn am{X-a√ [\-I-Ωnbpw IpXn®p Ib-dp-∂p.. h¿jw [\-IΩn (cq]m tImSn-bn¬)

2000-˛01 2001-˛02 2003-˛04 2004-˛05

2269.00 3269.40 5653. 84 5800.07

aqe-[\ sNehv Xmtgm´v (cq]m tImSn-bn¬)

h¿jw

aqe-[\ sNehv

01-˛02 03-˛04 04-˛05

698. 66 676. 76 571. 32

Bkq-{XW t_m¿Uv/ _P‰v tcJ-Iƒ

IS-∏mSv amXr-`qan

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ISw s]cpIn apSn-bp-∂p.... tIc-f-Øns‚ \nIpXn hcp-am\w (cq]m tImSn-bn¬) 1995 HIvtSm-_-dn¬ CSXp]£-ap-∂Wn A[n-Imc-ta¬°p-tºmƒ 10,114 tImSn cq]-bpsS s]mXpI-S-am-bn-cp∂p JP-\m-hn-\p-≠m-bn-cp-∂-Xv. 2001 HIvtSm-_-dn¬ Ah-scm-gn-bp-tºmƒ ISw 23,778 tImSn... A©v h¿jw sIm≠v h¿≤n® IS_m-[yX 23664 tImSn cq] ! ho≠pw 4 h¿jw Ign-™v. 2005 Pqembv amkw \ΩpsS IS-`mcw 50,000 tImSn IS-∂p-sh-∂mWv \nb-a-k-`-bn¬ [\-a{¥n ]d-™-Xv. 4 h¿jw sIm≠v 26,000 tImSn cq]m A[nIw ISw hcp- Ø nb tIm¨{Kkv ap∂Wn Cu ]Ww sIm≠v F¥v hnI- k \ {]h¿Ø- \ - a mWv \S- Ø n- b Xv F∂mWv Adn-tb-≠-Xv. hmßnb IS-Øns‚ 10% t]mepw hnI-k\ ]≤-Xn-Itfm aqe-[-\-\nt£-]-amtbm amdn-bn-s√∂v Ah-cpsS IW-°pIƒ ]d-bp∂p! ADB bn¬ \n∂v 1200 tImSn cq]-bmWv 2001 ¬ ISw hmßn-b-Xv. 1000 tImSn kzbw Is≠Øn 2800 tImSn-bpsS `cW\ho-Ic - W ]cn-]m-Sn-Iƒ \S-∏m-°nØp-S-ßn. \nIp-Xn-]n-cnhv \ho-I-cWw apX¬ tI{μ-]≤ - Xn hnlnXw Xncn®p \¬I¬ h-sc- AS-ßnb "\ho-I-c-W-b⁄w' 4 h¿jw sIm≠v ]q¿Øo-Ic - n-®t∏mƒ, 2003-˛04, 2004-˛2005 h¿j-ß-fnse hn¬∏\ \nIp-Xnbpw (5433.35 tImSn-cq-]) Im¿jn-Im-Zmb \nIpXn (136.90 tImSn cq]) bpw IqSn 5570. 25 tImSn cq]m IpSn-»n-I-bp-s≠∂v [\-a{¥n ]d-bp-∂p.! 2006 sabv 16\v bpUn-F^v `cW Imem-h[n Ignbpw. At∏mƒ s]mXp-ISw 53000 Bhp-sa∂mWv Ct∏m-gsØ \ne-h®v t\m°n-bm¬ hy‡-am-hp-∂-Xv.. samØw kwÿm-\-h-cp-am-\Øns‚ (GDP) 32% Bbn-cp∂p LDF `cWw hnSp-tºmƒ s]mXp-ISw. 2003-˛05 ¬ CXv 42.63 iX-am\ambn Db¿∂p.. 2005-˛06-˛¬ Pn.-Un.-]n. bpsS 52% ambn kwÿm- \ - I Sw hfcpw!

h¿jw

hn¬∏\ \nIpXn {]Xo-£n-®Xv

e`n-®Xv

FIvsskkv Uyq´n {]Xo-£n-®Xv

e`n-®Xv

2001-02

5568.41

4480.85

744.22

541.46

2002-03 2004-05

5600.40 6418.00

5343. 15 5991. 43

748. 41 800.00

663.07 655. 91

\nIpXn hcp-am\w 50% hsc Db-cm≥ \nIpXnh¿≤n-∏n-°p-I-b√ ]ncns®Sp°p-I-bmWv th≠Xv F∂v Cu IW°v hy‡-am-°p-∂p.

kwÿm\Øns‚ dh\yq hcp-am-\hpw dh\yq sNehpw IΩnbpw F{X-bmWv? (cq]m tImSn-bn¬) h¿jw

dh-\yq-h-cp-am\w dh-\yq-sNehv

01-02 62-03 63-04 04-05

9056. 39 10637.39 11815. 37 14310. 35

Ref:- _P‰v

11.662.03 14,756. 05 15,364. 60 18,875. 66

dh-\yq-IΩn

dh-\yq-IΩn kwÿm\ hcp-am\-Øns‚ F{X %

2606 4118 3681 4565

3.60 5.09 4.08 5.28

t]∏-dp-Iƒ /πm\nwKv t_m¿Uv tcJ-Iƒ

hnZym-`ymk hnI-k\w h∂p-t]mb hgn"k¿Δ-in£m A`n-bm≥' ]≤-Xn-bpsS 159 tImSn-cq]m sNe-h-gn-°msX ]mgm-°n2002- ˛ 03- ¬ 32tImSn em]vkmbn 2003 ˛ 04 ¬ 50tImSn em]vkmbn 2004 ˛ 05 ¬ 77tImSn em]vkmbn thsdmcp cq]-Øn¬ ]d-™m¬ 2001-˛¬ Btfm-lcn ISw 7441 cq]bmbncp∂Xv 5 h¿jw sIm≠v 18,000 cq]-bmbn Dbcpw! Cu `cWw tIc-fsØ \cI-Øns‚ ]Sn-hm-Xn-en¬ sIms≠-Øn-®n-cn-°p∂p F∂dnbm≥ thsd IW°v th≠t√m?

ASpØ e°w sk]vXw-_¿ 15 \v {]kn-≤o-I-cn-°p∂p Bfl-lX - ys - N-øp∂ I¿j-Ic - psS kz¥w \mSmbn tIcfw amdn-bXv Hcp bmZr-›n-IX - b - √ - . tIm¨{K v ap∂Wn ]n¥p-S-cp∂ \b-ß-fpsS ]cn-Wm-a-am-Wv. Hcp P\-Xsb sIme-b°v sImSp-°p-∂-hsc hnNm-cW sNtø-≠Xv, Ah¿ ]n¥p-S-cp∂ kmº-ØnI cmjv{Sob \b-ß-fpsS ASn-ÿm-\-Øn-em-Wv.. tIcfw ImS-Ø-Øn-te°v \S∂p Ib-dp-I-bm-Wv. ssZhlnX-a√ Itºm-f-h¬°-c-W-Øns‚ ^e-{ip-Xn-bm-WXv. hnNm-cW sNtø-≠Xv am^nbmh¬°-cWw \S-Øp∂ Itºmf kwkvIm-c-sØbpw, AXns‚ {]tbm‡m-°-sfbpw, bp. Un. F^ns‚ cmjv{So-b-sØ-bp-am-Wv... 5 h¿jw sIm≠v hnZym-`ymk taJ-e-bn¬ \n∂v ]dn-s®-dn-b-s∏-´-h-cpsS Hcp almk©bw Xs∂ tIc-f-Øn-ep≠v. hn⁄m\w Itºmf hn`-h-am-bXv Hcp kzm`m-hnI ]cn-Wm-a-a-√. kº∂ h¿§-Øns‚ i‡-amb CSs]-Se - ns‚ ^e-am-Wv. hnZym-`ym-kØ - ns‚ htcWyh¬°-cW - sØ t\cn-Sm≥ sXcp-hp-bp≤w am{X-a√ - , _Z¬ \b-ßfpw Bh-iy-ap-≠v. Cu {]iv\-ß-fpsS hkvXp-\n-jvShpw h¿§-]-c-hp-amb hni-I-e-\-ß-ƒ, A\p-`hNn-{X-߃,_-Z¬ \b-ß-sfFUn-‰¿ °p-dn-®p-ff At\z-j-Ww... ASpØ e°-Øn¬ CsX√mw Dƒs∏-Sp-∂p..

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]Xn- \ ©v iX- a m\w {]h¿Ø- \ - £ - a - X .... Ign™ 4 h¿jØn¬, ]≤Xn hnln-X-Øn\p]cn-bmbn tIc-fØn\v A[nI tI{μ-k-lm-b-ambn e`n-®Xv 305 tImSn cq]-bmWv. CXn¬ 255 tImSnbpw sNe- h - g n- ° - s ∏- ´ n√! kmaqlyt£aw, {Kma-hn-Ik - \w, ]´n-IP - mXn/ ]´n-Ih - ¿§ hnIk-\w, Irjn, Btcm-Kyw, hnZym-`ymkw F∂o taJ-eI - f - n-emWv IqSp-X¬ XpI Nne-h-gn-°m-Xn-cp-∂-sX∂v hIp∏p Xeh≥amcpsS tbmK-Øn¬ No^v sk{I-´dn Xs∂ shfn-s∏-SpØn-bn-c-n°p∂p. hnI-k-\m-h-iy-߃°v e`n® XpI-bpsS 16% am{Xw Nne-hn´ (AXv `c-W-sN-e-hm-Wv) tIm¨{Kkv ap∂Wn-bpsS "kmaqly {]Xn-_-≤-'X°v, thsd sXfn-sh-¥n\v? kp\man Zpcn-Xm-izm-k-ambn 249 tImSn cq]bpw tZiob Zpcn-Xmizm-k-\n-[n-bn¬ \n∂v 100 tImSnbpw kwÿm-\-Øn\v tI{μw \¬In. kwÿm-\sØ P\-߃ kw`m-h\ sNbvX 40 tImSn thsd.-BsI In´n-bX - ns‚ 15% A-Yhm 64 tImSn cq]-bm-Ws{X Zpcn-Xm-izm-k-Øn\v sNe-h-gn-®-Xv. tIc-fm s-- sl-t°m-SXn apºmsI Cßs\ kΩ-Xn-°p-tºmƒ tIm¨{K-kv ap-∂-WnbpsS "s]¿t^m¿a≥kn's‚ Bgw GXp Ip´n°pw ]cn-tim[n-®-dnbmw! Ign™ 4 h¿j-Øn¬ Im¿jnI taJ-e-°mbn In´nb tI{μ hnlnXw XpO-amb 136 tImSn-cq-]b - m-bn-cp-∂p. 2002 ¬ 210 tImSn cq]-bpsS Hcp Im¿jnI ]mt°Ppw A∂sØ apJy-a{¥n {]Jym-]n-®p. Im¿jnI hnf-X-I¿®bpw, hcƒ®bpw, D¬∏∂ hne- ° p- d hpw krjv S n® alm- Z p- c nX- ß ƒ°p- \Sp- h n¬, 1,300¬∏cw I¿jI Bfl-lX - y-Iƒ Ac-tß-dnb tIc-fØ - n¬ Im¿jnI taJ-e-bn¬ sNe-h-gn® XpI Fs{X-bt∂m ˛ 51 tImSn cq]! Chn- s Sbpw 15% Xs∂- b m- W v A- h - c psS {]h¿Ø\£a-X. "15% s]¿t^ma≥kv D≠t√m' F∂v Icp-Xp-∂p-h-cp-ap-≠mhpw. AXns‚ ]cn-lm-kyX Xncn-®d - n-bm≥ Hcp DZm-lc - Ww [mcmfw aXn. 389 tImSn cq]-bpsS kp\man ^≠n¬ \n∂v k¿°m¿ sNe-hn´ 64 tImSn-bpsS hni-Zmwiw Cßs\: tIc-f-Ønse a’y taJ-e-bnemsI kuP-\y-td-j\v 12 tImSn cq] , hnZym¿∞n-If - psS ewkw-{Km‚ v \¬Im≥ 6.21 tImSn, a’ysXm-gn-emfn s]≥j≥ IpSn-»nI Xo¿°m≥ 5.20 tImSn. _m°n ac- W - s ∏- ´ - h - c psS IpSpw- _ ߃°p \¬Inb kw`m-h-\, Zpcn- X m- i zm- k - I ymºv sNe- h pIƒ, `cW sNehv XpSßnbhbv°v sNe-hm-bn. Hen-®pt]mb IS- t em- c - ß - f n¬ Hcp tdmUv ]p\¿\n¿Ωn-°mt\m ,h XI¿∂ Hcp kvIqƒ sI´n-Sw \∂m-°m-t\m, Hcp hosS¶nepw ]WnXp \¬Imt\m Ch¿°mbn-√! ImemIme- ß - f mbn CS- X p- ] £ k¿°m-cp-Iƒ sIm≠p-h∂ 20˛¬∏cw s]≥j≥ ]≤-Xn-Iƒ D≠v.. hnhn[ t£a-\n-[n-Iƒ hgn \S- ∏ m- ° p∂ 22 ]≤- X n- I ƒ thsdbpw. Hs∂m-gn-bmsX Cu ]≤-Xn-I-fn-se√mw 25 amksØ hsc IpSn-»n-I-bmWv Ct∏mƒ Df-fXv. 4

sshZypXn D¬]m-Zn∏n-®Xv 15 saKm-hm´v..... 1940 apX¬ 1996 hsc tIc-f-Øns‚ sshZypXn D¬]m-Z\w 1505 saKm hm´n¬ FØn \n¬°p-Ibm-bn-cp-∂p.. Znhkw apgp-h≥ \o≠p-t]m-Ip∂ ]h¿I-´ns‚ `oI-c-X°v \Sp-hn-emWv CS-Xp-]£w `c-Wt- a-s‰-Sp-ØX - v.. F∂m¬ 1996 apX¬ 2001 hsc tIcfw ]pXp-Xmbn D¬]m-Zn-∏n® sshZypXn 1087 saKm hm´m- b n- c p- ∂ p. CtX ImeØv tZiob sshZypXn D¬∏m-Z\ hf¿® tIhew 17% Bbn-cp∂psh¶n¬ tIcfw 72% hf¿®-bm-Wv ssIh-cn-®Xv.. 18 sNdp-InS sshZypXn ]≤-Xn-I-f-S°w 25 ]pXnb D¬∏m- Z \ tI{μ- ß ƒ hnI- k n- ∏ n- s ®- S pØmWv Cu t\´w CS-Xp-]£w ssIh-cn-®-Xv. 2001 \v tijw 5 h¿jw ]n∂n-Sp-I-bmWv! Cu ImeØv ]pXp- X mbn D¬∏m- Z n- ∏ n® sshZypXn tIhew 15.1 saKm-hm´v am{X-am-sW∂v KSEB tcJIƒ ]d-bp∂p! 15 % ¬ A[nIw {]h¿Ø\tijnbn-√mØ bp Un F^v Cu Imcy-Ønepw Ah-cpsS \ne-hmcw ImØp kq£n-®n-cp-∂p.!!

BZn-hm-kn-Iƒ°v ]md-s°-´p-Iƒ BZn-hmknIƒ°mbn 5 G°¿ `qan \¬Ip-I-bm-bncp∂p bpUn-F^vs‚ as‰mcp hnI-k\ ]-cn-]mSn. 2002 PqWnse IW-°-\p-k-cn®v tIc-f-Øn¬ 22,052 `qc-lnX BZn-hm-kn-Ip-Spw-_ß - f- p-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. A©v sk‚v apX¬ Htc-°¿h-sc `qan-bp-ff 32,131 IpSpw_-߃ thsdbpw. BsI 54,183 IpSpw-_ß - ƒ°v 5 G°¿ hoXw `qan \¬Ip-sa-∂mWv {]Jym-]n-®X - v. 2005 sabv hsc 661 IpSpw-_-߃°v k¿°m¿ `qan \¬In. AXn¬ 242 Dw CSp°n Pn√-bn-em-Wv ]p√pap-f° - mØ ]md-s°-´p-Iƒ e`n® Ch-cn¬ 90% IpSpw_-ßfpw "`qan' Dt]-£n-®p-t]mbn F∂mWv dh\yq Un∏m¿´va‚v IW-°p-Iƒ!

am¿Pn≥ {^o Dead Body

kq∏¿ am¿°‰v

IS-∏mSv amXr-`qan PEOPLE AGAINST GL OBALISA TION GLOBALISA OBALISATION

BtKm-f-h¬°-c-W-Øn-s\-Xnsc P\-߃


hyh- k m- b - ß fpw sXmgnepw acn- ° p- ∂ p.... HutZym-Kn-II - W-°\ - p-kc - n®v 78,000 sNdp-InS hyh-kmb bqWn‰p-I-fpw, A©v s]mXp-ta-Jem hyhm-k-b-ßfpw thsd c≠v s]mXp taJ-em Iº-\n-I-fpsS D¬∏m-Z\ bqWn-‰p-Ifpw ]q´nIn-S-°p-I-bmWv ! 6,43,366 s]mXp-ta-Jem sXmgn-em-fn-Iƒ 2001 Unkw-_-dn¬ tIc-f-Øn-ep-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. 2004 ¬ AXv 6,14,756 Bbn Ipd-™n-cn-°p-∂p.... kzIm-cy-ta-J-e-bnemhs´ 40,000 sXmgn-em-fn-Iƒ Ipd-™p-sh-∂mWv HutZym-KnIamb IW°v.. 2001˛ ¬ 5,88, 435 sXm-gn-em-fn-Iƒ kzIm-cy-ta-J-e-bn¬ ]Wnsb-Sp-Øn-cp-∂p-sh-¶n¬ 2004 ˛¬ AXv 5,31,001 Bbn-´mWv Ipd™Xv. 15 e£w sXmgn¬ sIm≠p-h∂v hnX-cWw sNbvXXns‚ _m°n∏{Xw Cu IW-°n¬ \n∂v hy‡-am-Wv. Xncp-h-\-¥-]p-cØv tZiob ]mX°v kao]w 230 sXmgn-em-fnIƒ ]Wn-sb-Sp-°p∂ sI¬t{Sm¨ Iut≠gvkv, tIcfm kmenkn- t e‰v k v B‚ v sIan- ° ¬kv , ]p\- e q- c nse {Smh≥Iq¿ ssπhpUvkv , Ip‰n∏p-dsØ tIcfm tÉv Un‰¿P‚ vkv B‚ v sIan-°¬kv, Imk¿tKm´v Akv{Smƒ hm®v Iº\n F∂o s]mXp taJem Iº-\n-I-fpsS hne 150 tImSn hcpw. 7 tImSn°v Cu s]mXp-ap-X¬ ssIam-dm-≥ k¿°m¿ Xocp-am-\n-®n-´p-≠v. 114.9 G°¿ `qanbpw sI´n-S-ßfpw AS-ßnb knUvtIm-bpsS hyh-kmb FtÃ-‰p-Iƒ, 33 tImSn-cq] \jvS-Øn¬, Ahn-sShy-hk - mbw \S-Øp-∂h - ¿°v Xs∂ hn¬°phm≥ k¿°m¿ Xocpam-\n-®n-cn-°p-∂p. (G-{]n¬ 28 s‚ a{¥n-k`m Xocp-am-\w)

iº-f-sN-e-hv.... hkvXpX? iºf sNe-hp-sIm-≠mWv `cWw s]mdp-Xn-ap-´p-∂-sX∂mWv k¿°m¿ ]d-bp-∂-Xv. hnI-k\ ]cn-]m-Sn-Iƒ apgp-h≥ ac-hn-∏n®pw ]≤Xn sNe-hp-Iƒ em∏vkm-°nbpw aqe-[\ sNehv sh´n-°p-d®pw [q¿Ø-Sn-°p∂h¿ ad-®p]n-Sn-°p∂ Hcp Imcyw CXm-Wv. tIc-f-Ønse k¿°m¿ Poh-\-°mcpw A[ym-]-Icpw Xp—-amb s]≥j≥ In´p∂ sXmgn-em-fn-Ifpw Ah-cpsS Iqenbpw s]≥j\pw tIcf-k-aq-l-Øn¬ sNe-hn-Sp-∂-Xp-sIm-≠mWv Ct∏mƒ kaqlw apt∂m´v t]mIp-∂Xv F∂ hkvXp-X-bm-W-Xv. P\-ß-fpsS hnZym-`ymk/BtcmKy sNe-hp-Iƒ At\-Ia-Sßv h¿≤n-®-Xn-\m¬ D]-t`mK \nc°p-Iƒ Ipd-bp-Ibp-am-Wv. P\-߃°v e`n-°p∂ s]≥j\pw Iqenbpw F√mw kzm-{ib apX-em-fn-amcpw tªUv am^n-bmbpw Bip-]{Xn-Ifpw tN¿∂v hngp-ßpIbmWv! k¿°m¿ Poh-\° - m¿°pw, A[ym-]I - ¿- °pam-bn-\¬Ip∂ iºf sNehv (2004-˛05¬) samØw dh\yp hcp-am-\Øns‚ 40.95% hcpw. CXn¬ 13.22 % FbvUUv hnZym`ymk taJ-e-bnse iº-f-hpw {Km‚pIfpw BW.v AXmbXv k¿°m¿ Poh-\-°m-cpsS bYm¿∞iºf sNehv dh\yq hcp-am-\-Øns‚= 27. 73% BWv. s]≥j-≥ sNehv 24.84 iX-am-\-am-Wv. (BsI 52. 57%) CXmWv \ΩpsS samØw hnI-k\ sNehv F∂-XmWv Ct∏m-gsØ Ahÿ! CXp Ign-™m¬ ]eni \¬Im-\mWv dh\yq hcp-am-\Øns‚ 25% sNe-hn-Sp-∂-Xv. 96-˛97 ¬ \ΩpsS ]eni sNehv 1,103 tImSn-bm-bn-cp-∂Xv 2004˛ 05 ¬ 3,884 tImSncq-]-bmbn hf¿∂p! (aq-∂c Cc-´n) 2001 apX¬ 2006 hsc tIcfw `cn® tIm¨{Kkv ap∂-Wn-bmWv IS-sI-Wn-bnte°v \sΩ \bn-®-Xv. Cu IS-s°-Wn-bnepw Hcp Iq´¿ ChnsS kvam¿´mbn hf- c p- ∂ p- ≠ v. AXn- k - º - ∂ cpw am^nbm kwL-ß-fp-am-W-h¿.

`cWw am^n-b-I-fpsS ]nSn-bn¬ tIm¨{K v ap∂-Wn-bpsS `cWw Bcw-`n®tXmsS tIcfw sshhn-≤y-am¿∂ am^nbm {Kq∏p-I-fpsS hnlmctI{μ-ambn ]cn-W-an-®p.. aZy-hy-h-km-bhpw If-fp-tjm-∏p-I-fpw A_vIm-cn-Iƒ°v Xncn®p sImSp-Øp-sIm≠v aZy am^nbm cwKw Iog-S°n. hnZym-`ymk taJ-e- kzImcy taJ-ebv°v \¬Ip-I-bm-Wv ASp-Ø-Xmbn sNbvXXv . hmcn-sIm-Sp-°p∂ aØn hym]mcw t]mse saUn°¬tImtf-Pp-Ifpw, F©n-\n-b-dnwKv tImtf-Pp-Ifpw, A¨F-bvUUv kvIqfp-Ifpw kzIm-cy-ta-J-ebv°v \¬In-s°m≠v tIcfw C∂p-hsc cpNn-®n-´n-√mØ hnZym-`ymk am^nbm hmgvNbm-cw-`n®p. FÆn-bm-sem-Sp-ßmØ \gvknwKv tItf-Pp-Ifpw _n. FUv. s{Sbn-\nwKv tImtf-Pp-Ifpw Cu ImeØv Db¿∂p-h-∂p.. kzImcy tImtf-Pp-Iƒ°v A\p-aXn In´m≥ apX-em-fn-am¿ `cW ]m¿´n-Iƒ°v At\Iw tImSn-Iƒ \¬In-bn-´p-s≠∂v sXfn-bn°p∂ hnhmZ tImg-bnS]m-Sp-Iƒ tImS-Xn-bn¬ hsc FØn-bn-´p≠v. Cu CS-]m-Sp-Iƒs°√mw tImg hmßp-Ibpw ]¶p-h-bv°-s∏Sp-Ibpw sNbvXn-´p-s≠-∂-Xns‚ sXfnhv kzm{ib -am-t\-Pvsa‚p-IfpsS [n°m-c-]-c-amb kao-]-\-ß-fn¬ \n∂v Xs∂ hy‡-am-Wv.. IS-∏mSv amXr-`qan

5

PEOPLE AGAINST GL OBALISA TION GLOBALISA OBALISATION

BtKm-f-h¬°-c-W-Øn-s\-Xnsc P\-߃


s]mXp- a p- X ¬ I´pw, hn‰pw Xn∂p- X o¿°p- ∂ p.... A¶-am-en-bnse sS¬°v hn¬∏-\°v h®n-cn-°p∂p. {^©v Iº-\n-bmb "Bsc-h'°v 51% Hml-cnbpw amt\-Pvsa‚pw ssIam-dm-\mWv ]≤-Xn.. 2003˛04 ¬ 6.5 tImSn cq]m em`-ap-≠m-°nb sS¬°n\v tZiob ]mX-bn¬ 115 G°¿ `qanbpw 150 tImSn hcp∂ a‰v \nt£-]-ß-fp-am-Wp-f-f-Xv. Im¿jnI k¿ΔIem-im-eb - psS taJem tI{μ-߃ hn‰p sIm≠n- c n- ° p- I - b m- W v . Ipa- c - I Øv 100 G°¿ ÿeØv ÿnXn sNøp∂ Kth-jW tI{μw SmPv {Kq∏n\v ssIam-dm-\p-ff \S-]-Sn-Iƒ ]ptcm-Ka - n-°p-∂p.. k¿Δ-Ie - m-im-eb - psS aÆv Pekw-c-£W tI{μ-am-bn-cp∂ tIm∂n ^mw `£y kwkvI-c-W-bq-Wn-‰m°n hn‰p.. 35 Imº-kp-Ifpw ^map-Ifpapff bqWn-th-gvkn-‰n°v 7400 G°¿ `qanbpw 20 e£w kvIzb¿ ^o‰v sI´nS kap-®b-hp-am-Wp-f-f-Xv.. CsXms° L´w L´-ambn apdn®p hn¬°p∂ "hnI-k-\-b-⁄'-amWv \S°p-∂X - v.. 1980 Ifn¬ 600 imkv{X-Im-c∑ - mcpw 3977 sXmgn-em-fn-If - p-ap-≠m-bn-cp∂ k¿ΔIem-im-e^ - map-I-fn¬ Ah-ti-jn-°p∂Xv 300 imkv{X-Im-c∑mcpw, 1900 sXmgn-em-fnIfpamWv. s]mXp-ap-X¬ hn¬∏-\-bnepw I´p-Xn-∂p-∂-Xnepw tIcfw I≠n-´p-ff ap≥ k¿°m-cp-I-sf apgp-h≥ bp.Un. F^v. `cWw _lpZqcw ]n∂n-em-°n-bn´p- ≠ v. BtKm- f - h ¬°- c W ImeØv "kvam¿´vs\kv ' \n›-bn-°p-∂-Xns‚ am\-Zfiw AXm- s W∂v \m´p- I m- c pt≠m Adn- b p∂p! _q¿jzm A[n-Imc hyh-ÿ-bpsS IqS-∏n-d-∏mWv Agn-a-Xnbpw, s]mXp-ap-X¬ ssIam-‰hpw.]t£ Cß-s\-sbmcp Xosh-´n-s°m-ff kln-°m≥ tIc-f-Øn\v tijn-bpt≠m?

I¨kƒ´≥kn cmPv BtKm-f-aq-e-[-Øn\v "I¨kƒ´kn' t]mse ]Yym-lmcw thsd-bn√. tIc-f-Øn¬ Ign™ 4 h¿j-߃ I¨kƒ´≥kn bpK-amWv Xpd-∂p-In-´n-b-Xv. GXv t{]mP-IvSn\pw Hcp D]-tZ-i-I≥ AYhm Z√mƒ thWw... FIvk-{]kv sslth apX¬ kvam¿´v kn‰n hsc CXv ImWmw. I¨kƒ´≥knIfmWv {][m\ {]tam- ´ ¿am¿.. dÃvlukv hn¬∏-\, temI-_m¶v/F.Un._n. tem¨, tdmUv/\K-c/Xpd-apJ hnI-k\w , ]mew ]Wn XpSßn sNdpXpw hep-Xp-amb GXv DS-ºSn°pw h≥Iqen ssI∏-‰p∂ I¨kƒ´≥knIƒ \n¿_‘-am-Wv. I¨kƒ´≥kn-I-fpsS Imcyw t\m°m≥ {]tXyI sk¬ Xs∂ sk{I-t´-dn-b-‰n-ep-≠v.. {]Xn-amkw 60,000 cq]m iº-fhpw a‰v kuI-cy-ßfpw hmßp∂ Hcp dn´-tb¿Uv sF. F. Fkv Imc\mWv CXns‚ \S-Øn-∏p-Im-c≥. 1600 tImSn cq]m sNe-hn¬ \S-∏m-°p∂ P∏m-≥ IpSn-sh-ff ]≤Xn°v 7 I¨kƒ´≥kn-I-fm-Wp-f-f-sX∂pw 5 h¿jw apºp XpSßnb ]≤-Xn°v CXp-hsc 20.62 tImSn cq]tb e`n-®p-ffpsh∂pw Ign™ Znhkw \nb-a-k-`-bn¬ a{¥n ]d-™p. F∂m¬ CXns‚ I¨kƒ´≥knIƒ°v am{Xw CXp-hsc 29.05 tImSn cq]m \¬Insb∂v a{¥n Iq´n-tN¿Øp! Xo¿®-bmbpw \ΩpsS \msSmcp "Ipºf-ßm-]-´Ww' Xs∂! tIc-f-Øn¬ hfsc hn]p-e-amb "tdmUv hnI-k\ ]≤-Xn-Iƒ' \S°p-∂p-≠v. Hcp Intem ao‰¿ tdmUv \n¿Ωn®v k©mc tbmKy-am°m≥ PWD km[m-cW sNe-hm-°p∂ XpI 25 e£w cq]-bm-Wv.. temI-_m¶v hmbv]-bn¬ 1300 In.-an. (MC Road/ NH) hnI-k-\Øn\v ]t£ Intem-an-‰-dn\v 1 tImSn cq]-bm-Wv sNehv! hmbv] hmßp∂ XpI-bpsS Cc´n aqeyhpw BtKmf \n¿ΩmW Iº-\n-IfpsS aqe-[\ k©-b-Øn-te°v Hgp-Ip-I-bm-Wv sNøp-∂Xv. tSmƒ ]ncnhpw, tkh\ \nIp-Xn-I-fp-ambn XpS-cp∂ `oI-c-amb sImf-f°v \ΩpsS A[zm-\-aqeyw hI-am‰n FSp-°p-IbmWv ]n∂oSv kw`-hn°p-∂-Xv. ]≤Xn hnln-Xhpw ISw hmßp∂ ]Whpw {]tXyI klm-b-ßfpw Hs° {][m-\-ambpw HgpIn t]mIp∂ hgn a\-knem-°m≥ CXn-e-[nIw kmº-ØnI imkv{Xw ]Tn-t°-≠-Xn√!

dnb¬ FtÉv am^nb tIcfw Iog-S°n

IS-∏mSv amXr-`qan

6

bpUn-F^v `c-W-Im-eØv tIcfw Iog-S-°nb dnb¬ FtÉv am^n-bm, \ΩpsS `qanbpw shf-fhpw aWepw ]pgbpw Hs° hnZ-Kv[-ambn ssIø-S°ns°m-≠n-cn-°p-Ibm-Wv. GIM ¬ Db¿∂p h∂ \n¿t±-i-߃ H∂pw ^ew I≠n-s√-¶nepw 1829 G°¿ `qan ssIam-dp∂ "hmK-a¨ ln¬ dntkm¿´v, 600 G°¿ ]mSw \nI-Ønbp-≠m-°p∂ "Km‘oh\w,' h√m¿]m-SsØ 90 G°¿ tKmƒUv tImgvkp-Iƒ, 250 G°¿ kz]v\ \Kcn ]≤Xn , If-a-t»-cn-bn¬ 100 G°¿ C‚-kv{Sn-b¬ Su¨ jn∏v XpS-ßn.. πmt‚-j≥ Sqdn-k-Øns‚ t]cn¬ hsc, Bbn-c-°-W°n\v G°¿ `qan ssIamdp∂ {_lXv ]≤-Xn-bmWv Ac-tß-dn-b-Xv.. PEOPLE AGAINST GL OBALISA TION GLOBALISA OBALISATION

BtKm-f-h¬°-c-W-Øn-s\-Xnsc P\-߃


\nIp- X n- s h- ´ n- ∏ ns‚ kz¥w- \ mSv . .. s]mXpapX¬ sImf-f-b-Sn-°p∂ c≠m-asØ ssIh-gn-bm-Wv Agn-a-Xn.. BtKm-f-aqe-[-\-Øns‚ Z√mƒam¿ apX¬ sNdp-InS Icm-dp-Im-c\pw hsc s]mXp-ap-X¬ Xn∂mWv sImgp-°p-∂-Xv.. bp.Un-.F^ns‚ 4 h¿jsØ `c-W-Im-eØv k¿Δ-koa-Ifpw ewLn-®mWv Agn-aXn IpXn®p Ib-dp-∂X - v.. hni-Zmw-iß - f - n-te-°p-t]m-hmsX H‰ DZm-l-cWw am{Xw ]d-bmw. bp .Un .F^.v Kh¨sa‚ v \nb-a-hn-cp-≤-ambn {]h¿Øn-®n-cp-∂ 156 _mdp-Iƒ°v ssek≥kv \¬In. {XnÃm¿ ]Z-hn-bp-ff tlm´-ep-I-fn-sems° aZyw hnf-ºm≥ A\p-aXnbpw \¬In.. CXp-hgn kam-l-cn-°-s∏´ ssI°qen DulXoX-amWv! JP-\mhv Xs∂ sh´n-hn-gp-ßp-I-bmWv aZy-am-^n-b sNøp-∂-Xv.. kwÿm\-Øns‚ dh\yq hcp-am-\-Øns‚ 68% kwÿm\ \nIp-Xn-I-fn¬ \n∂mWv hcp-∂-Xv. 18% tI{μ-hn-ln-Xhpw 12% \nIp-Xn-tb-Xc hcp-am\hpam-Wv. kwÿm\ \nIp-Xn-hcp-am-\-Øns‚ 96%hn¬∏\ \nIpXn, FIvsskkv, tam´m¿ hml\ \nIpXn, Ãmºv/ cPn-kvt{S-j≥ Uyq´n-I-fn-eqsSbpw.. 2003-˛05 h¿jsØ hn¬∏\ \nIpXn IpSn-»nI 5433.35 tImSn-bm-sW-∂mWv HutZymKnI IW°v . (CXn¬ A_vIm-cn-I-fpsS hnlnXw am{Xw 278.-91 tImSn-bp-≠v.) P\-ß-fn¬ \n∂v tiJ-cn-®n´pw JP-\m-hn-se-ØmsX apX-em-fn-am¿ btYjvSw D]tbm-Kn-°p∂ ]W-amWv hn¬∏\ \nIp-Xn-Ip-Sn-»n-I. CXn\v ]t£ IW-°p-≠v, F∂m¬ hn¬∏\ \nIpXn apgp-h-\mbn ]ncn-®n´v "hn¬∏\' \S-∂-Xmbn tcJ-s∏Sp-ØmØ "hcp-am\w' ({]-[m-\-ambpw kz¿Æ hym]m-cw) F{X Bbn-cw-tIm-Sn-bp≠m-hp-sa∂v Is≠-Øm≥ hgn-bn√! A_vImcn Agn-a-Xn-bn-te°v hcmw 500 tImSn cq]-bpsS aZyw D¬∏m-Zn-∏n-®m¬ AXn\v CuSm-°p∂ FIvsskkv \nIpXn 45% amWv.. 225 tImSn-cq]m IqSn hnebn¬ Iq´p∂p F∂v kmcw. D¬∏m-Z-\-sN-ehpw FIvsskkv Xocp-hbpw tN¿ØXpI (500+225= 725 tImSn) bpsS ta¬ 90% hn¬∏\ \nIp-Xn-bmWv ]n∂oSv CuSm°p-∂-Xv.. AXm-bXv 625.5 tImSn cq]m-IqSn aZyhnebn¬ h¿≤n-°p-∂p. 500 tImSn cq]-bpsS aZyw 1377.5-tIm-Sn-°mWv D]-t`m-‡m-hn\v hn¬°p-∂-Xv F∂¿∞w.. Cu IW-°-\p-k-cn®v 877.5 tImSn cq]m JP-\m-hn-se-Ø-Ww. F∂m¬ 500 tImSn cq]-bpsS aZyw "D¬∏m-Z\w \S-Øn-b-Xmbn' tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øm-Xn-cp-∂mtem ? FIvsskkv \nIp-Xnbpw hn¬∏\ \nIp-Xnbpw tN¿Ø hnebv°v aZyw hn¬°pIbpw, hn‰-Xmbn ImW-°m-°mXn-cn-°p-Ibpw sNbvXmtem..? ("D¬∏m-Zn-∏n-°msX' hn¬°m\mhn-√t√m!) Ign™ 4 h¿jw sIm≠v tIcf kaq-l-Øn¬ \n∂pw aZy am^nbm Cßs\ kam-l-cn® s]mXp-ap-X¬ Dulm-Xo-X-am-Wv. tIc-f-Øn¬ hn¬°p∂ aZy-Øns‚ t\¿]-Ip-Xnbpw "D¬]m-Zn-∏n-°p-∂-Xmbn' tcJ-∏-SpØp∂ns√∂v ]T- \ - ß ƒ ]d- b p- ∂ p.(- A - X ns‚ hnlnXw bp. Un.F^v . A[n- I mc Z√mƒam¿°v e`n-°msXhøt√m!) CXn-e-[nIw kvam¿´v Bhm≥ B¿°mWv Ignbp-I..!

kwÿm\ s]mXp-ta-Jem ÿm]-\-amb tIcf an\-d¬kv B‚ v sa‰¬kv enan-‰Uv (sI. Fw. Fw. F¬) 60,000 S¨ C¬a-ss\‰v ]pd-Øp-\n∂v hmßp-∂p.! temIØv G‰-hp-a-[nIw C¬a-ss\‰v \nt£-]-ap-ff Nh-d-bn¬ {]h¿Øn-°p∂ Iº\n tImSn-I-fpsS Agn-aXn e£y-an-´mWv Cu \S-]-Sn-s°mcp-ßp-∂-Xv. BtKmf hn]-Wn-bn¬ \n∂v 10,000 SÆpw Xt±i hn]-Wn-bn¬ \n∂v 10,000 SÆpw hmßp-∂-Xn-\mWv sS≠¿ £Wn-®-Xv. {ioe-¶-bn¬ \n∂v Cd-°p-aXn sNøp∂sX∂v ImWn® C¬a-ss\‰n\v SÆn\v 6000 cq]-bmWvhne Bh-iy-s∏-´ncn-°p-∂-Xv. Iº\n t\cn´v J\\w sNøptºmƒ SÆn\v icm-icn Bbncw cq]bmWv sNe-hv. Izt´-j≥ \¬Inb Iº\n-bp-ambn Icm-dp-d-∏n-®m¬ SÆn\v Aømbncw cq] \jvSw hcpw! AXym-h-iy-L-´ß-fn¬ s]mXp-ta-Jem ÿm]-\-amb sF.B¿-.C-.bn¬\n∂v sI.Fw.Fw. F¬. C¬a-ss\‰v hmßp-∂Xv SÆn\v 3500 cq] \nc-°n-em-Wv.60,000 S¨ C¬a-ss\‰v hmßp-tºmƒ 30 tImSn cq]-bpsSsb¶nepw \jvSw Iº-\n-°p-≠m-Ipw. CXns‚ \s√mcp `mKw IΩo-j-\mbn ]n∂n¬ {]h¿Øn-°p-∂h¿°v e`n-°psa∂v Dd-∏m-Wv. \o≠-I-c-bnepw ]∑\ ]©m-b-Ønse s]m∑-\-bn-ep-amWv Icn-a-W¬ J\-\Øn\v sI. Fw. Fw. F¬. ÿew FSpØn-´p-f-f-Xv. c≠n-SØpw C\n Gs‰-Sp-°m\p-ff ÿe-Øns‚ hne kw_-‘n® X¿°w aqew \m´p-Im¿ J\\w XS-™ncn-°p-I-bm-Wv. temIØv G‰hpw IqSp-X¬ C¬a-ss\‰v \nt£-]-ap-ff {]tZ-i-amWv Nh-d. ChnsS Icn-a-Wen¬ 60 iX-am\w hsc C¬ass\-‰p-≠v. (tZim-`n-am-\n, 17-˛6-˛2005)

Agn-a-Xnbnepw s]mXp-ap-X¬ sImf-f-

IS-∏mSv tZim-`n-am\n

7

bnepw Chsc sh√m≥ Bcp≠v? ae-_m¿ kna‚ vkv 2003-˛04 h¿jw (hy-hkmb a{¥n˛ Ip™m-en-°p-´n) 24 C\-ß-fnembn 197.66 tImSn cq]-bpsS sh´n-∏p-\-SØn-sb∂v kn F Pn bpsS {]mY-anI dnt∏m¿´v ]d-bp-∂p.. a{¥n-bpsS _n\m-anbmb Icm-dp-Im-cp-\p-ambn (G. B¿. sI. Iº\n F∂ Iym≥hm-knwKv GP‚ v) ae_m¿ kna‚kv 9 h¿j-tØ-°p-ff ^vssf Bjv sIm≠p-h-cp∂ Icm-dmWv \nb-a-hn-cp≤-ambn H∏n-´-Xv.. kvam¿´v kn‰n Icm-dns‚ t]cn¬ 500 tImSn P∏m≥ IpSn-sh-ff ]≤Xn ss]∏v CS-]mSn¬ 100 tImSn s]mXp-a-cm-a-Øn¬ 150 tImSn... hcƒ®m-Zp-cn-Xm-izmkw apX¬, Icna-W¬ J\-\hpw Nμ\ °SØpw hsc \ofp∂ s\Sp-¶≥ Agn-a-Xn-bpsS XocmØ IY-IfmWv tIƒ°p-∂Xv. PEOPLE AGAINST GL OBALISA TION GLOBALISA OBALISATION

BtKm-f-h¬°-c-W-Øn-s\-Xnsc P\-߃


A[n- I m- c - h n- t I- { μo- I - c - W - {i- a - ß ƒ A´n- a - d n®p..... 1997˛ 98 h¿j-Øn-emWv P\-Io-bm-kq-{X-W-]-≤Xn \S-∏n-em°nbXv.. kwÿm\ ]≤Xn hnln-X-Øns‚ 40% {]mtZ-inI `c-W-Iq-S-߃ hgn hnX-cWw sNøm\pw ]≤-XnIƒ P\-߃°v sXc-s™-Sp-°m-\p-apff Ah-Imiw \¬Im-\mWv CS-Xp-]£w Xocp-am-\n-®-Xv.. 1997 apX¬ 2001 hsc-bp-ff 4 h¿j ImeØv {]Xn-h¿jw icm-icn 823 tImSn-cq]m hoXw ]©m-b-Øp-Iƒ°v {Km‚ v \¬In-sb-∂mWv πm\nwKv t_m¿Uv tcJ-Iƒ ]d-bp-∂-Xv.. sshhn-≤y-am¿∂ hnI-k\ -{]-h¿Ø-\-ß-fmbn Cu XpI sNeh-gn-°-s∏-´-t∏mƒ {]mtZ-inI hnI-k-\m-h-iy-߃ ]©-h¬kc ]≤-Xn-bn-se-∂t]mse Gs‰-Sp-°-s∏-´p...apI-fn¬ \n∂p hcp∂ Xocp-am-\-ß-fpw, ap≥K-W\-Ifpw F∂ ]Xnhv coXn P\-Iob C—-°-\p-k-cn-®p-ff ap≥K-W-\-Iƒ°v hgn-am-dn. P\-Io-bm-kq-{XW ]≤-Xntb "tIc-f-hn-I-k\ ]≤Xn' bm°m-°p-I-bpw, ]©m-b-ØpIƒ°pw- P-\-߃°p-ap-ff ap≥ssI A´n-a-dn-°p-I-bp-amWv bp.Un-.F^v. `cWw sNbvXXv. 2001 apX¬ 2004 hsc-bp-ff h¿j-ß-fn-embn {]Xn-h¿jw icm-icn 510 tImSn cq]-bmbn Ah-bv°pff [\-hn-lnXw sh´n-°p-d-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. {]mtZinI hnI-k\ AP-≠tb `c-W-]-c-amb tIh-em-`ym-k-am°n Npcp-°nb \S-]-Sn-bmbn-cp∂p CXv... A[n-Im-c-߃ ssIam-dp-∂-Xn\pw `c-W-]-c-amb Npa-X-e-Iƒ IqSp-X-embn {]mtZ-inI `cW IqS-Øn\v \¬Ip-∂-Xn-\p-ambn CS-Xp-]£w sIm≠p-h∂ \nc-h[n am‰-߃ bp. Un. F^v. ka¿∞-ambn XI¿Øp. {Kma-hn-I-k\ hIp∏pw Xt±i `c-W-h-Ip∏pw c≠m°n hn`-Pn®v ]gb \ne-bn-te°v sIm≠p t]mIp-I-bmWv bp. Un. F^v .sNbvXXv. Pe-hn-`h \nb-{¥W \nbaw hgn 15 slIS-dn\p apI-fn¬ ]≤Xn {]tZi apƒs∏Sp∂ Pe-tk-N\ ]≤-Xn-Iƒ, ]©m-b-Øn¬ \n∂pw FSp-Øp-am‰n! kwÿm-\m-hnjvIrX ]≤-Xn-Iƒ ]©m-bØv hgn-bm-°nb CSp-Xp-]£ Xocp-am\w Fw. F¬ F ]≤-Xn-I-fm°n Ah¿ am‰n. Pn√m Bkq-{X-W-k-an-Xn-Iƒ \n¿Po-h-am°n. ]Icw "{Kma-hn-I-k\ AtXm-d‰n' cq]o-I-cn-®p. ]≤Xn Bkq-{XW kan-Xn-I-fm-bn-cp∂ {Kmak-`-Isf tIhew KpW-t`m-‡r-k-a-Xn-I-fm°n Xcw XmgvXn! Irjn, sNdp-InS hyh-kmbw XpS-ßnb taJ-e-I-fn¬ D¬∏m-Z\ h¿≤-\-hpw, tkh-\ß-fpsS KpW-\n-e-hmcw Db¿Øp-∂-Xn\pw {]mtZ-inI ]›m-Øe kuI-cy-߃ sa®-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂-Xn-\p-am-bn-cp∂p P\-Io-bm-kq-{XW ]≤-Xn-bn-eqsS CS-Xp-]£w e£y-an-´X - v.. A[n-Im-ch - n-tI-{μo-Ic - W - hpw ]≤Xn Bkq-{X-WØ - nse P\-]¶ - m-fnØpw sIm≠v BtKm-f-h¬°-cWØn\v P\-Iob {]Xn-tcm[w krjvSn-°m-\mWv Ah¿ {ian-®-Xv.. F∂m¬ BtKm-f-h¬°-cW \b-߃ \S-∏m-°p-hm-\p-ff GP≥kn-Ifmbn ]©m-bØv `c-W-hy-h-ÿtb D]-tbm-Kn-°m-\mWv bp.Un-.F^v. {ian-®-Xv.. hnI-k-\-Øns‚ apgp-h≥ `mchpw P\-߃°v G¬∏n-®p-sIm-Sp-°p∂ temI-_m¶v AP-≠-bmWv bp.Un-.F-^v. \S-∏m-°n-b-Xv. hntI-{μo-I-cWw P\-Io-bm-kq-{X-WsØ hnI-k\ Npa-X-e-I-fn¬ \n∂v `c-W-Iq-S-Øn-\p-]n≥am-dp-hm-\p-ff Ffp-∏-h-gn-bm-bn Ah¿ am‰n! hnI-k\ GP≥kn-I-fmbn F≥.-Pn. H. Isf {]Xn-jvSn®p. Ab¬Iq-´ßfpw hnI-k\ kan-Xn-Ifpw hgn-bmbn {]mtZ-inI hnI-k\ - w. F√mw ]ucs‚ kz¥w sNe-hn¬!

Pnw hm¿jnIw

8

Nh-d-bn¬ \n∂v tImSn-I-fpsS [mXp-a-W¬ IS-Øp-∂p. Xan-gv\m-´n-sebpw kwÿm\-sØbpw kzImcy Icn-aW¬ Iº-\n-I-fn-te°v Nhd XocØp-\n∂pw tImSn-Iƒ hne-h-cp∂ [mXp-a-W¬ A\-[n-Ir-X-ambn ISØp-∂p. [mXp-a-W¬ e`yX Ipd-™-Xn-s\Xp-S¿∂v s]mXptaJem ÿm]-\ß-fmb sF.B¿. C .bpw sI. Fw. Fw. F√pw {]Xn-k‘n t\cnSp-tºm-gmWv aW¬I-SØv . {]Xn-Zn\w 15 temUv [mXp-a-W¬ hoXw kzIm-cy-I-º-\n-I-fn-te°v t]mIp-∂-Xm-bmWv IW°v . 12 StÆmfw [mXp-a-W¬ Hmtcm temUnepw D≠m-Ipw. S¨ H∂n\v 3000 cq] hne-h-cpw. 80 iX-am\w apX¬ 90 iX-am\w hsc KmV-Xbp-ff [mXp-a-W-emWv Nh-d-bpsS Xoc-{]-tZ-i-Øp-f-f-Xv. \mev e£tØmfw cq] hne-h-cp∂ aW¬ Nh-d-bn¬ \n∂pw Znh-khpw ISØp-∂-X-bmWv hnh-cw. sF B¿. C.-bp-sSbpw sI. Fw. Fw. F√n-s‚bpw J\-\-ta-J-e-Ifn¬ \n∂pw [mXp-a-W¬ \n¿_m[w IS-Øp-∂p-≠v. sIm√w Pn√-bnse \o≠-I-c, Nh-d, ]≥a\ ]©m-b-Øns‚ Xoc-{]-tZi-߃, Imb-Ipfw, s]mgn F∂nhn-S-ß-fmWv aW¬ tem_n-bpsS Xmh-f-߃ . ssa\nwKv B≥Uv Pntbm-fPn hIp-∏ns‚bpw t]meokn-s‚bpw HØm-i-tbm-sS-bmWv aW¬I-S-sØ∂v ]cm-Xn-bp-≠v. aW¬hmcn \¬Im≥ kzIm-cy-Iº-\n-Iƒ°v \nc-h[n GP‚p-am-cp≠v. kmaq-ln-I-hn-cp-≤cpw Iqen-Ø√p-Imcpw Dƒs∏sS kwL-Øn\mWv aW¬hm-c-en-\p-ff Npa-Xe \¬In-bn-´p-f-f-Xv. Ch-cpsS `ojnWn aqew A[n-Ir-X¿°v ]cmXn \¬Im≥ Ign-bp-∂n-s√∂mWv Xoc-tZ-i-hm-kn-Iƒ ]d-bp∂-Xv. sI Fw. Fw. F√n-s\bpw sF B¿ C sbbpw \jvS-Øn-em°n kzIm-cy-ta-J-ebv°v ssIam-dm-\pff \nKqV ]≤-Xn-bp-ambn aW¬ tem_nbpw hyh-kmbhIp∏pw \nßp-I-bm-sW∂v Np-cp-°w. amXr-`qan 27-/6-/05

PEOPLE AGAINST GL OBALISA TION GLOBALISA OBALISATION

BtKm-f-h¬°-c-W-Øn-s\-Xnsc P\-߃


Cu \b- ß ƒ kº- ∂ - s cbpw IpØ- I - I - s fbpw klm- b n- ° m≥...

kzImcy kzm{ib {]^-j-\¬ tImtf-Pp-I-fn¬ ]Tn-°p∂ ]´nI hn`m-Kw. H.-C.kn. (A¿l-X-bp-ff a‰p kap-Zm-b-߃) hnZym¿∞n-Iƒ°v PÃnkv sI.-Sn. tXmakv IΩo-j≥ \n¿tZ-in® ^okv k¿°m¿ \¬Ipw.! ^okv B\p-Iqeyw Fw.-_n. _n.-F-kv. F≥Pn-\n-b-dowKv _n.-Un.-F-kv. Bbp¿th-Z, _n ^mw. _n.-F-kv.kn \gvkn-Mv, _n.-F. Fw. Fkv. (kn-≤) F∂o tImgvkp-I-fn¬ ]Tn-°p∂ ]´nI hn`m-Kw, H.-C.-kn. hn`m-K-Øn¬s∏-´-h¿°p e`n-°pw. k¿°m¿ tImtf-Pn¬ Chsc ]Tn-∏n-°p-∂-Xn\v 62,79,000 cq] sNehv hcp∂ ÿm\Øv kzm{ib tImtf-Pp-I-fn¬ ]Tn-∏n-°m≥ 5.82 tImSn cq]-bmWv k¿°m¿ ASbvt°-≠n-h-cnI ! F≥Pn-\o-b-dn-ßn\v k¿°m¿ tImtf-Pn¬ 4,000 cq] ^okp-ff ÿm\Øv 38,700 cq]bmWv kzm{ib ko‰n-te°v k¿°m¿ AS-t°-≠n-h-cnI! Fw.-_n._n.-F-kn-\v. 9,675 cq] ^okp-ff ÿm\Øv 1,13,000 cq] \¬IWw! kzm{ib saUn-°¬ tImtf-Pn¬ Hcp hnZym¿∞nsb ]Tn-∏n-°p∂ ]Ww sIm≠v k¿°m¿ saUn-°¬ tImtf-Pn¬ 11 t]sc ]Tn-∏n-°mw. s]mXp JP-\m-hnse ]Ww kzm{ib am^n-bm°v ssIam-dp-∂-Xns‚ Hcp DZm-l-c-amWn-Xv. 62 e£w cq]bv°v e`n® hnZym-`ym-k-Øn\v 6 tImSn cq]-bmbn hne-I-b-dnsb∂ `oI-c-amb kXyhpw Cu DZm-l-cWw sIm≠v hy‡-am-Ip-∂p. JP-\m-hn¬ \n∂v klmbw ]n≥h-en-°s∏Sp-∂-tXmsS Fkv.-kn/ Fkv.Sn/ H.-C.kn hnZym¿∞nI-fpsS D∂X hnZym-`ymk taml-߃ s]men-bp-∂s - a∂ `ojnWn thsd-bp-≠v. {]iv\w ]mh-ß-fpsS Ah-Imiw ]n≥h-en-°-s∏-Sp∂p F∂Xv Xs∂-bm-Wv.

Xmgv∂ hcp-am-\-°m¿°v \men-c´n \nIpXn h¿≤-\hv

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Xn-amkw 2000 cq] hcp-am-\-ap-f-f-h¿ C\n-ap-X¬ {]Xn-h¿jw 240 cq] sXmgn¬ \nIpXn \¬tI-≠n-h-cpw. \nt£-]-ß-fn¬ \n∂v hcp-am\w e`n-°p∂-hcpw sXmgn¬ \nIpXn \¬I-Ww. sXmgn¬ \nIp-Xn-bpsS ]pXp-°nb …m_p-Iƒ C\n-]d - bpw {]Im-ca - m-Wv. \nIpXn {_m°-‰n¬ \¬In-bn-cn-°p-∂p. A¿≤-hm¿jnI hcp-am\w 12,000 cq] apX¬ 17, 999 cq]-h-sc-bp-f-f-h¿ (120 cq]) 18,000˛ 29,999 (180) 30,000 ˛ 44,999 (300) 45,000 ˛ 59,999 (450) 60,000˛ 74,999 (600) 75,000˛ 69,999(750) 1,00,000˛ 1,24,999(1,000) 1,24,999 cq]bv°v ta¬ (1250) t\csØ A¿[-hm¿jnI hcp-am-\-a-\p-k-cn®v 14 …m_p-I-fmbn Xncn-®mWv sXmgn¬ \nIpXn CuSm-°n-bn-cp-∂-Xv. ]pXp-°nb N´-a-\p-k-cn®v …m_p-I-fpsS FÆw F´mbn Ipdbpw G‰hpw Ipd™ …m_p-I-fn-ep-f-f-h¿ \¬tI≠ \nIpXn \mep aS-tßm-f-amWv h¿≤n-®n-cn-°p-∂-Xv. t\csØ 12,000 cq] A¿≤hm¿jnI hcp-am-\-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂-h¿ 37 cq] \¬Inbm¬ aXn-bm-bn-cp-∂p. F∂m¬ ]pXp-°nb \nc-°-\p-k-cn®v Ch¿ C\n 120 cq] \nIpXn \¬tI-≠nhcpw 18,000 cq]bv°v t\csØ 50 cq]-bm-bn-cp∂p \nIp-Xn. AXv 180 cq]bmbn Db¿Øn. F∂m¬ Db¿∂ hcp-am-\-°m-cpsS \nIpXn \nc-°p-I-fn¬ am‰w hcp-Øn-bn-´p-an-√. 1,02,000 apX¬ 1,26,000 hsc hcp-am\ap≠m-bn-cp-∂-h¿ t\csØ 1000 cq] \nIpXn \¬I-W-am-bn-cp-∂p. ChnsS …m_v ]cn-jvI-cn°pI am{X-amWv sNbvXXv! AXm-bXv ]pXp-°nb N´-a-\p-k-cn®v 1000 cq] \nIpXn \¬tI-≠Xv 1,00,000 apX¬ 1,24,999 cq]-hsc h-cp-am-\-ap-f-f-h-cm-Wv. G‰hpw Db¿∂ \nIpXn 1250 cq]-bmbn \ne-\n¿Øn-bn-´p-ap-≠v. 1,24,999 cq]°p-ta¬ hcp-am-\-ap-f-f-h-cmWv Cu \nIpXn \¬tI-≠-Xv. t\csØ 1,26,000 cq]°pta¬ hcp-am-\-ap-f-f-h¿°mWv Cu \nIpXn Npa-Øn-bn-cp-∂-Xv. k¿Δo-kv, sXmgn¬ taJ-e-I-fn¬ \n∂v IqSp-X¬ hcp-am-\w D≠m-°-W-sa∂ F Un _n \n¿tZi {]Im-c-amWv \nIpXn h¿≤-\. F.-Un. _n klmbtØmsS \S-∏m-°p∂ "`cW \ho-Ic - W ]cn-]m-Sn-'bpsS `mK-ambn [\-Imcy amt\-Pvsa‚ v ^e-{]-Z-am-°m-\p-ff hnhn[ ]cn-]m-Sn-Iƒ hn`m-h\w sNbvXn-´p-f-f-Xv. ""k¿°mdns‚ dh\yq hcp-am\w Poh-\-°m-cpsS iº-f-Øn-\p-th≠ sNe-hn--t\-°mƒ Ipd-hmb kml-N-cy-Øn¬ \nIp-Xnbpw \nIp-Xn-tb-Xc hcp-am-\hpw h¿≤n-∏n°m≥ \S-]Sn kzoI-cn-°-W-sa-∂mWv'' `cW \ho-I-cW ]cn-]mSn \n¿tZ-in°p-∂-Xv. (h¿Ø-am-\w, 18-˛6-˛2005) 9

a’y-ta-J-e-bnepw hntZi IpØ-I-Iƒ

a’y

kwkvI-cW ˛ Ib-‰p-aXn taJ-e-bn¬ hntZi Iº-\n-Iƒ hcp-∂tXmsS a’y-ta-J-e-bnse e£-I-W-°n\m-fp-Iƒ°v sXmgn¬ \jvS-s∏-Spw . a’y-kw-kvI-c-W cwKØv t\cn´pw A\p-_-‘-ambpw A©p-e-£-tØmfw t]¿ sXmgn-se-Sp-°p-∂-p-s≠-∂mWv IW°v. IS-en¬ \n∂p ]nSn-°p∂ ao≥ kwkvI-cn-°msX ioXo-I-cn®v Ib-‰n-b-b°p-I-bmWv hntZi Iº-\n-Iƒ sNøp-∂Xv. CXv kwÿm-\sØ sXmgn¬ taJ-eb°v I\Ø BLm-X-am-Ipw. \mev hntZi Iº-\n-I-fmWv kwÿm\sØ kap-t{Zm¬]∂ kwkvI-cW Iº-\n-Iƒ Gs‰-Sp-°m≥ h∂n-´p-f-f-sX∂-dn-bp-∂p. Acq-cnse "Aam¬Kw ^njdokv ' Iº\n apgp-h-\mbpw lnμpÿm≥ eoh¿ Gs‰-Sp-sØ-¶n¬ "B_mKv ^nj-dokv ' t]mep-ff h≥InS Iº-\n-Iƒ hntZi Iº-\n-I-fpambn Iq´p-tN¿∂p-ff hym]m-c-amWv \SØp-∂-Xv. kvs]-bn-\nse "{^nIm-‰vam¿ ' F∂ ÿm]-\-hp-ambn "B_mZv']¶mfnØ hym]mcw XpS-ßn-bn´v amk-ßfmbn . tIc-f-Ønse ao≥ AtX-]Sn ]m°v sNbvXv kvs]bn-\n-te°v Ab®v AhnsS kwkvI-cn®v hn¬°p-IbmWv Ah¿ sNøp-∂Xv. Cu CS-]m-Sp-Iƒ tI{μ˛ kwÿm\ k¿°m-cp-Iƒ°pw Fw.-]n.-C.Un.F.bv°pw Adn-hpffXmsW-¶nepw ]pd-Øp-hn-´n-´n-√. ChnsS Intembv°v 50 cq]bv°v Ib-‰nb-b-®n-cp∂ ao≥ 350 cq] {]Im-c-amWv hn¬°p-∂-Xv. Ccp-\q-tdmfw Ib-‰p-aXn Iº-\n-Iƒ {]h¿Øn-®n-cp∂ ÿm\Øv Ct∏mƒ h≥In-S-°m-cmb 17 FÆw am{Xta cwKØp-f-fp. FIvsskkv Xocp-h-bpƒs∏sS F√m \nIp-Xn-Ifpw Ch¿°v Hgn-hm-°nbn-´p-ap-≠v. {]h¿Ø\w XpS-ßm≥ am{Xw aq∂p-tImSn cq]-bpsS [\-k-lmbhpw k¿°m¿ Iº-\n-Iƒ°p \¬Ip∂p-≠v. hntZi Iº-\n-Iƒ°pw Cu B\p-Iq-ey-߃ e`n-°-W-sa∂v hyhÿ D≠m-°n-bXmbn Adn-bp-∂p. kap-t{Zm¬]-∂kwkvI-cW-im-e-Iƒ°p ]pdta Bbn-c-tØmfw ]oenMv sjUp-Ifn-embn c≠-c-e-£-tØmfw t]¿ kwÿm-\Øv a’y-kw-kvI-cW tPmen sNøp-∂p-≠v. \m´n≥]p-d-ß-fnepw a‰pw kwkvI-cW tPmen t\m°p∂ Bbn-c߃ CXn-\p-]p-d-tabp≠v sNΩo≥ kwkvI-cW tPmen-Iƒ°v temIØv G‰hpw hnZ-Kv[-cmb sXmgn-emfnI-fpsS \msS∂ JymXnbpw kwÿm-\-Øn-\p≠v. hntZi Iº-\n-I-fpsS hc-thmsS Cu IpØI XI-cp-tam-sb∂ `oXnbmWv Db-cp-∂-Xv. (tZ-im-`n-am\n, 24-˛4-˛2005) PEOPLE AGAINST GL OBALISA TION GLOBALISA OBALISATION

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kº- ∂ ¿°v "kv a m¿´m- h m≥' Hcp "kn‰n' hcp- ∂ p... tIhew 15% am{Xw {]h¿Ø\ £aXbpff Hcp Kh¨sa‚ v \nb-a-k-`-bn¬ arKob `qcn-]-£-ap-f-f-XpsIm≠v am{Xw A[n- I m- c - Ø n¬ XpScpIbmWv . tIm¨{K v ap∂-Wn-bpsS `cWw Xocm≥ C\n amkßtf D-f-fq. AXn-\p-apºv A¬∏w "kvam¿´m'-bn "`mKymt\zjn h¿§-'Øns‚sb¶nepw kl-Xm]w ]nSn-°m-\mWv {iaw. "Pnw' apX¬ \nc-h[n "tjm' Iƒ \S-Øn-bn´pw hcm-Xn-cp∂ \nt£-]-Øns‚ AIzu-≠n¬ Fs¥-¶nepw Iq´n-t®¿°m≥ Ign-™mtem F∂ B{Klw kzm`m-hnI-am-Wv. Aßs\bmWv "kam¿´vkn‰n' hcp-∂-Xv. ! "Zp_mbv C‚¿s\‰v kn‰n' F∂ Iº\n 5 h¿jw -apºmWv Zp_m-bn¬ {]h¿Ø-\-am-cw-`n®Xv.. 37,000 NXp-c{i ao‰¿ ÿeØv sF.Sn. Iº-\n-Iƒ°v Xº-Sn®v {]h¿Øn-°m. \p-ff "kn‰n-' bm-Wv A-h-chnsS D≠m-°n-b-Xv. sF. Sn . \K-c-Øns‚ ta¬t\m´°m¿ AYhm "I¨kƒ´‚ v ' BWv Cu Iº\n F∂p ]d-bmw. A¥m-cmjv{S sF. Sn. Iº-\n-Iƒ°v sI´nSw \n¿Ωn®p sImSpØv hmSIhmßp∂ dnb¬ FtÉv hyh-kmbw F∂pw ]d-bmw. AØc- s amcp dnb¬ FtÉv _nkn- \ -   mWv "kam¿´v kn‰n'bpw! 5 h¿jw sIm≠v 200 sFSn Iº-\n-Iƒ Zp_mbv kn‰n-bn¬ {]h¿Ø\w XpS-ßn-sb∂pw 5500 sFSn hnZ-Kv[-am¿°v ]Wn e`n-®p-sh-∂p-amWv Ah¿ ]dbp- ∂ - X v . . Zp_m- b n¬ ]t£ "kn‰n'°v shfn- b nepw [mcmfw Iº-\n-Iƒ kzX-{¥-ambn {]h¿Øn-°p-∂p-≠v. Zp_mbv C‚¿s\‰v kn‰n°v Zp_mbv°v ]pdØv CXphsc as‰m∂v Is≠-Øm≥ Ign-™n-´n-√. ]mIn-kvXm-\nepw, B{‘m-{]-tZ-inepw AØcw {ia-߃ \S-s∂¶nepw hnP-bn-®n-√s{X! Nne [mc-Wm-]-{X-߃°∏p-d-tØ°v I®-hSw aptºm´v t]mbn√. IS¬ hgn-bp-ff tI_nƒ s\‰v h¿°ns‚ Imcy-Øn¬ sIm®n \Kcw C¥y-bpsS "Gateway' BWv... sF Sn hyh-km-b-Øn\v AXym-h-iy-ap-ff ASn-ÿm\ kuI-cy-ßfpsS Imcy-Øn¬ sIm®ntb sh√m≥ thsdmcp \Kcw C¥ybnens√∂m-Wv hnZ-Kv[-∑m-cpsS aXw! A`y-kvX-hn-Zycpw Cw•ojv Adn-bp-∂-hcpw kmt¶-XnI _ncpZ [mcn-I-fp-amb sXmgn¬ cln-X-cpsS almk©bw tIc-f-Øn-ep-≠v.. Nnehv Ipd™ sXmgn¬ Bthmfw e`n-°p-sa∂-Xn-\m¬ sF.Sn. Iº-\n-Iƒ°v sIm®n-bn¬ \n∂v em`w sImømw. Cu km[yX Xpd-∂n-Sp∂ hmXm-b-\Øn-eqsSbmWv C‚¿s\‰v kn‰n-bpsS hchv! sFSn hyh-km-b-Øn\v `mhn-bn¬ k¿°m¿ ap≥ssI D≠m-hn-s√∂pw Be-∏pg apX¬ tImgn-t°m-Sp-hsc thsd sFSn ]m¿°p-Iƒ ]mSn-s√∂pw Dff Un. sF. kn .bpsS Bhiyw bp Un F^v k¿°m¿ AwKo-I-cn®p sImSp-Øn-cn-°p-bm-Ws{X! Hcp dnb¬ FtÉv Iº-\n°v tIc-f-Øns‚ sF. Sn. hnI-k\w (hy-h-km-bw) IpØ-Ibmbn G¬∏n®p sImSp-°p-∂-Xns‚ "kvam¿´vs\ v' BZ-c-Wobw Xs∂! sF. Sn. hnI-k-\tam hyh-kmb ]ptcm-K-Xntbm A√, Un. sF. kn .bpsS IpØ-Im-h-Im-iamWv k¿°m¿ AP-≠-sb∂v hy‡-am-hp-∂p. IpØ-Im-h-Im-iw -em`w Ip∂p-Iq-´m\pw \ne-\n¿Øm\pw A√msX kaqlØns‚ hf¿®b√ e£y-an-Sp-∂s - X∂v Bcm-Wn-h¿°v ]d™p sImSp-t°-≠-Xv.! Un.sF.kn .°v, sIm®n \K-c-Øn¬ 298 G°¿ ÿew ssIam-dp-hm-\mWv [mc-W. AXn¬ 100 G°¿ kuP-\y-am-Ws{X! 136 G°-dn\v 36 tImSn cq]m CuSm°pw! 62 G°¿ ÿehpw aq∂-c-e£w NXp-c{i ASn sI´n-Shpw AS-ßnb "C≥t^m ]m¿°v' F∂ k¿°m¿ sF.Sn ]m¿°v 109 tImSn cq]bv°v Un.sF.kn°v hn¬°p∂p! (26 Iº-\nIƒ {]h¿Øn-°p-∂Xpw F√m ASn-ÿm\ kuI-cy-ßfpw Df-f-Xp-amb Cu ]m¿°n\v Ct∏mƒ {]Xn-h¿jw 7 tImSn cq]-bmWv hmSI e`n-°p-∂-Xv..) 80.5 tImSn cq]map-S°n \n¿Ωn® Cu ]m¿°mWv Un.sF.kn.°v hn¬°p-∂-Xv. Npcp-°-an-XmW,v 80.5 tImSn apS-°p-ap-Xepw GXm≠v AXns‚ Cc´n aqey-ap-ff C≥t^m ]m¿°pw., tIc-f-Ønse sF. Sn. hyhkm-b-Øns‚ IpØ-Im-hIm-ihpw Zp_mbv Iº-\n°v \¬Ip-∂p. Cu

kmt¶-XnI hnZy-tbm-Sp-ff am¿Ivkn-kvddv ImgvN-∏mSv F¥m-Wv..? ASp-Ø-e-°-Øn¬

sIm≠p-t]m-Is´ ! Xmt°m¬ Fs‚ ssIønemWt√m..! IS-∏mSv am[yaw

10

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tIc- f - Ø ns‚ sF.- S n. hnI- k - \ - k m- [ y- X - I ƒ°v Cu "kn‰n' ^pƒtÃm- ∏ n- S pw.. taJ-e-bnse k¿°m¿ ap≥ssI ]n≥h-en-°p-Ibpw sNøp∂p Cu ssI- tcmSv kl-X-]n-°pItb hgn-bp-f-fp. kvam¿´v am-‰-Øn\v ]Icw e`n-°p-∂Xv IS-em-kn-ep-ff Hcp Icm-dm-Wv. 9% Hmlcn kn‰n hcp- ∂ - X p- s Im≠v kv a m¿´m- h p- ∂ - h ]¶m-fnØw, 33,000 sXmgn¬ !sXmgn¬ \¬Im≥ km[n-®n-s√-¶n¬20 tImSn cps≠¶n¬, AXv Ah-cpsS kz¥w sNecq] \jvS-]-cn-lmcw Xcpw t]mepw! hn¬ Xs∂-bmhs´, 3 tImSn Zcn-{Z-cp-sSbpw A\p-\n-anjw hnI-kn-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p∂ sF Sn hyh-kmbw sXmgn¬ Xcp- km[mc-W-°m-cp-sSbpw sNen-hn-e√ th≠Xv I-b√ - . hngp-ßp-Ib - mWv sNbvXp-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂X - v. C∂v 10 Bƒ sNøp∂ F∂v ]d-bm≥ Ign-b-Ww. aqe-[-\hpw em`hpw tPmen ASp-Ø-h¿jw Hcmƒ sNbvXm¬ Xocp-∂-hn-[-Øn-te-°mWv kz¥w t]cn¬ hchv sh°m-\mWv Iº-\n-Iƒ AXns‚ t]m°v! 10 h¿jw sIm≠v 33,000 sXmgn¬ \¬Ip-sa∂v Icm-dp- hcp-∂-Xv F∂m¿°m-W-dn-bm-Ø-Xv. \ΩpsS ≠m-Ip-∂X - p-Xs∂ 100 G°¿ `qan kuP-\y-ambn ssIam-dp-tºmƒ C{Xbpw sXmgn- e n√m ]Sbv ° v am\y- a mb Iqenbpw sXmgn¬ e`n-®n-cn-°-W-sa∂ sFSn \nb-a-Ønse hyhÿ ]men-°m-\m- sXmgnepw \mSns‚ hnI-k-\hpw Hcp-t]mse sW∂v apJy-a{¥n Fgp-Xp∂p. (am-Xr-`qan 26-˛7-˛05)- AsX-¥m-bmepw Ipd- Dd-∏p-h-cp-Øn-sIm-≠p-ff Icm-dp-I-fmWv th≠™Xv 1000 Iº-\n-Iƒ F¶nepw h∂-Sn-bmsX C{Xbpw sXmgn¬ hcn- Xv. s√∂v GXp Ip™n\pw a\-kn-em-hpw. Npcp-°n-∏d - ™ m¬, {_“-]p-csØ kvam¿´v kn‰n-bpsS IΩo-j≥ F{X? 100 G°¿, H∏w 136 G°¿ÿew, 62 G°dpw sI´n-S-ß-fp-a-S-ßnb C≥t^m ]m¿°v, Cu ]m¿°n-\p-th≠ ASn-ÿm\ kuI-cy-߃, sFSn C{Xbpw henb s]mXp apX¬ kuP-\yIpØ-Im-h-Imiw, sF.Sn. tK‰vthbpsS km[y-X-Iƒ.. Ch-s°√mw IqSn ambn e`n-°p-tºmƒ, \nc-¥c em`w Ddkwÿm-\-Øn\v Xncn-®p-In-´p-∂Xv 20 tImSn cq]mbpw Iº-\n-bn¬ 9% ∏m-°p-tºmƒ , H∂pw sImSp-°msX Hmlcnbpw BsW-∂mWv ]d-™p-h-∂Xv! ssIam-dp∂ `qan°pw ASnCsXms° hmßn hbv°m≥ Un.sF.ÿm\ kuI-cy-߃°pw am{Xw 3000 tImSn hne-a-Xn°pw. sF.Sn. IpØIm-h-im-I-Øn\pw 'IT GATE WAY' F∂ hne-a-Xn-°m-\m-hmØ ASn-ÿm\ kn.°v t]mepw "\mW-am-hnt√' F∂kuI-cy-Øn-\pw, Nne-hp-Ip-d™ Iqen°v F©n-\n-b¿amsc In´p-∂-Xns‚ XmWv {]kIv-X-amb tNmZyw! \m´p-Ims{IUn-‰n-\p-sams° \Ωƒ hne \n›-bn-°p-∂ns√¶nepw, Un. sF. kn. cpsS apX¬ Xd-hm´p kzØv t]mse Hcp ]Xn-\m-bncw tImSn-sb-¶nepw hne-bnSpw. Cu \nc-°n-emhpw sF.Sn Hcp dnb¬ FtÉv Iº-\n°v shdpsX Iº-\n-Iƒ°v Ah¿ ]m¿°n-te°v {]th-i-\w A\p-h-Zn-°p-I, X¿°ssIamdm≥ BcmWv A\p-aXn \¬In-ban√! AXm-bXv h≥InS IpØ-I-Iƒ°-√msX thsd B¿°pw IS-∂pXv? AXp-sIm≠mWv hnth-I-im-en-Iƒ sN-√m-\m-hmØ ]m¿°m-bn-cn°pw kvam¿Svkn‰n. BcmWv kvam¿´m-bXv Fs∂mcp tNmZyw t]mepw C\n Bh-iy-an√! sNdp-In-S-°msc hf¿Øm]d-bp-∂Xv, Ipd-™Xv 20% IΩo-j≥ \p-ff k¿°m¿ "ap≥ssI' sh´n am‰pIbpw sNbvXn-cn-°p∂p! F¶nepw Icm¿ H∏n-®psImSp-Ø-hcpsS GXm\pw Iºyq-´¿ F©n-\n-b¿am¿°v sXmgn-¬ sIm-Sp°psa∂ "DΩm°n' t]cn¬ hntZ-iØv Un.-sF.-kn. \nt£Im´n tIc-f-Ønse ]mh-s∏´ P\-ß-fp-sSbpw cmjv{Sob ]m¿´n-I-fp-sSbpw ]n-®n-´p-≠m-Ip-sa-∂v..! ]n≥XpW kam-l-cn-°p-Ibm-Wn-t∏mƒ.. tImgbpw am[y-a-ß-ƒ°v X√v...., 'ss^hvk-‰m¿ k¬°mcw' tImg°v ta¬ tImgbpw sImSpØv ]Tn-®ndßp∂ AXn-k-º-∂cpsS a°ƒ°v sXmgn¬ Dd-∏ph-cp-Øm≥ s]mXp kaq-lØns‚ Cu sh{]mfw XnI®pw ]cn- l m- k y- a mWv . .! \¬Ip∂ sXmgnens‚ FÆw , AXns‚ hym]vXn XpS- ß n- b h {]iv\-a-√mØ kaq-l-a√ tIc-f-ØnteXv. 50 e£w ]Wn- b n- √ m- Ø - h cpw, 40 e£w ]c-º-cm-KX hyhkm- b - Ø n¬ ]Wn- s b- S p°p∂A¿≤]-´nWn°mcpw ; 80% km[m-cW- I ¿j- I cpw I¿jI sXmgn-em-fn-Ifpw F√m-a-Sßnb kaq- l - Ø n¬ GXm\pw t]¿°v "]Wn-' sbm-∏n-®p-sIm-Sp°p∂psh∂v tIƒ°ptºmƒ ab-ßn-ho-gp-∂-h11

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\oXn- h y- h ÿ Itºm- f - Ø n\v th≠n tXms°- S p- ° p- ∂ p... πm®n-a-S-bnse sIm°-t°mf Iº-\n°v {]h¿Ø-\m-\p-aXn \¬In-s°m≠v tIcfm sslt°m-S-Xn-bpsS Unhn-j≥  sIm°-tImfm Iº\n ssIhiw h®n-cn-°p∂ 38 G°-dn¬ Dff `q¿K`-Pew am{X-ambn Iº-\n-s°-Sp-°m≥ Ign-bp-am_©v Ign™ G{]n¬ 7mw XnøXn hn[n {]Jym-]n-®p. bn-cp-∂p-sh-¶n¬ sslt°m-SXn hn[n°v {]k-‡n-bp-≠mam[y-a-߃ dnt∏m¿´v sNbvX tImS-Xn-hn-[n-bnse c≠p hp-am-bn-cp-∂p. \nß-fpsS ]pc-bnSw Hcp ]m{Xtam \nß-fp\nK-a-\-߃ ]T-\m¿l-am-Wv... ≠m-°nb InW¿ Hcp Ip∏ntbm BsW∂v ]d-bp-tºmse  \nba ZrjvSn-bn¬ Hcp km[m-cW ]uc-\p-ff Ah-Im-iBbn-t∏mbn sslt°m-S-Xn-bpsS `mjyw. ß-sfms° sIm°-t°mf Iº\n°p≠v  \nß-fpsS ]d-ºn¬ am{X-ambn tiJ-cn-®p-h-bv°mhp∂-X√  ag-bpsS e`y-X-°-\p-k-cn®v {]Xn-Zn\w 5 e£w en‰¿ `q¿KPew... `qK¿`-Pehpw km[m-cW InW-dnse Dd-h-Ifpw `qanPew hsc Iº-\n°v D]-tbm-Kn-°mw. bmsI ]S¿∂p InS-°p∂ Pe-t{km-X-km-Wv. AsXm-cmCu {]Jym-]-\w, Hcp km[m-cW ]uc≥ Xmsg ]d-bpwfns‚ kz¥w Ip∏n-sh-f-f-a-√. ag-s]bvXv In\n-™n-d-ßp∂ hn[w a\-kn-em-°nbm¬ AXv Abm-fpsS Ip‰-a-√.. Pew `qan-bpsS ap°n\pw, aqe-bnepw Hgp-In-\-S-°p∂ Dd-h {]Xn-Zn\w 5 e£w en‰¿ shffw IpSn-°p∂ ]uc-∑m-cpI-fn-emWv tiJ-cn-°-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv. kmt¶-Xn-I-amb A¿∞≠v. Øn¬ t]mepw shffw s]mXp-ap-X-em-sW∂v hcp-∂Xv!  A©v e£w en‰¿ Pew, 5 e£w Ip∏n-bn-em°n IpdAXp-sIm-≠m-Wv. ™Xv 50 e£w cq]bv°v hn¬°p∂ Iº-\nbpw, 5 en‰¿  πm®n-aS ka-c-hpw,- hn-Zym¿∞n ka-chpw Hs° P\-Iob shffw t]mepw {]Xn-Zn\w IpSn-°m≥ e`n-°mØ km[mtImS- X n- I - f psS cq]o- I - c Ww hsc XpSc- W w. Pew cW ]uc\pw \oXn-]o-T-Øn\v apºn¬ Xpey-cmWv! s]mXpkzØm-sW∂v Itºm-f-hy-h-ÿtb t_m[y-s∏-Sp sIm°-t°m-f-s°-Xn-cmb ka-c-hpw, Pe-Nq-j-W-Øn-s\-XnØp-∂-Xp-hsc XpS-tc≠ ka-c-amWv πm®n-a-S-bn¬ \n∂v cmb t]mcm-´hpw Iº-\n-bpsS "]ucm-h-Imi ewL-\ßfmhf¿∂v htc-≠-Xv. Wv.  kaqlw Hcp Itºm-f-am-Wv. Itºm-f-hy-h-ÿ-bn¬ kwc£n-°s - ∏-tS-≠Xv Itºm-fsØ \nb-{¥n-°p-∂h - c - psS am{Xw "P\-߃ Bh¿Øn®v tXm¬∏n-°-s∏-Sp-∂p-sh-∂mWv kqcy-s\-√n-bpsSbpw πm®n-a-S-bp-sSbpw sslt°m-S-Xn -hn-[n-Iƒ tXm∂n-∏n-°p-∂-Xv. ]ucm-h-Im-i-am-Wv. _lp-cmjv{S IpØI Iº-\n-I-fpsS I®-hS Xm¬∏-cy-߃°mWv  Cu "{]Ya ]uc-∑m-cpsS ]ucm-h-Im-i-߃' °v th≠n\ΩpsS \m´nse ]mh-s∏-´-h-cpsS IpSn-sh-f-f-{]-iv\-sØ-°mƒ Ah-Imbm-bn-cn°pw \oXn\ym-b-t°m-SXnIƒ \ne-sIm-≈p-∂-Xv. i-kw-c-£Ww In´n-bn-´p-f-f-Xv.'' kmdm tPmk^v  I-tºm-f-hy-h-ÿ-s°-Xn-cmb t]mcm´w; Cu hyh-ÿ°p th≠n hn[n ]d-bp∂ \oXn\ymb hyh-ÿ-s°-Xn-cmb t]mcm-´-ambn hnI-kn-t°-≠n-h-cpw...  temI-Øm-sI-bpw, C¥y-bnepw Itºm-f-hy-h-ÿ-s°-Xn""PUvPn-am¿ πm®n-a-S-bn¬ h∂v Bdv amksa¶nepw Pohn-°-Ww. Chncmb ka-cß - ƒ `c-WI - q-Sß - sf hen-®n-d°n hnSp-∂nSw hsc SpsØ InW-dp-I-fn¬ \n∂pw shffsaSpØv IpSn-°-Ww. F∂n´v hn[nam{X-a-√, _Z¬ `c-W-hy-hÿ ÿm]n-°p-∂nSw hsc hnI- ]-db - W - w. P\-ßsf ImØp-c£ - n-t°-≠h - c- mWv k¿°mcpw tImS-Xnbpw.. kn®p sIm≠n-cn-°p-Ib - m-Wv.. "\oXn-\ymb hyh-ÿbpw' Cu ]W-hpw, t]meo-kpw, ]´m-f-hp-sa-√m-ap-≠-t√m.. πm®n-a-S-bnse P\-ßsf hn[w Cf-°n-am-t‰-≠nhcpw. ]uc-s\-bpw, Iº-\n-tbbpw Xp∏m-°n-h®v sIm√s´! '' th¿Xn-cn®v Adn-bp∂ P\-Iob tImS-Xn-I-fm-bn-cn°pw jmlp¬ laoZv F∂ Xt±-i-hm-kn-bmb I¿j-I≥. At∏mƒ Db¿∂p hcn-I. 12

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πm®n- a - S ˛ tImS- X n- h n- [ nbpw P\- I o- b m- h - I m- i - ß fpw sslt°m-SXn Unhn-j≥ _©ns‚ πm®n-a-S-hn[n {]kvXmh-Ønse Nne \nco-£-W-ß-ƒ (am[y-a-ß-fn¬ dnt∏m¿´v sNbvX-Xv..)  πm®n-a-S-bn¬ am{X-a√, th\¬ ImeØv hcƒ®-bp-f-f-Xv. Im¿jn-Im-h-iy-߃°pth≠n Pew D]-tbm-Kn-°m-sa-¶n¬ hymh-km-bn-Im-h-iy-߃°pth≠nbpw Pew D]-tbm-Kn°mw.!  ^mIvS-dn°v {]h¿Ø-\m-\p-aXn \¬Im-Xn-cn-°m≥ ]©mb-Øn\v Ah-Im-ia - n-√. A\p-aXn \¬In-bn-s√-¶n¬ t]mepw Ah¿°v {]h¿Ø\w XpS-cmw.  Iº-\n-bp-sS kao-]-Øp-ff P\-߃°v shffw FØn-®psIm-Sp-°p-∂-Xp-t]m-ep-ff Poh-Im-cpWy {]h¿Ø-\-߃ Iº-\n°v sNømw. Cu \nco-£-W-߃ hnI-e-amb Itºmf Z¿i-\-Øn-s‚ \nZ¿i-\-hpw, `c-W-L-S-\-bp-sS ewL-\hpamsW∂v knwKnƒ _©v hn[n-sIm≠v hy‡-am-Wv. F∂m¬ AXn\p-ap-]cn Cu hn[n Ae-khpw D]-cn-π-h-hp-am-Wv..  Irjn-bn-eqsS Pe-Nw-{I-aWw AYhm shf-f-Øns‚ \nc¥c \n¿Ωm-Whpw kwc-£-WhpamWv \S-°p-∂-Xv. Ip∏nsh-ff hyh-km-bhpw Irjnbpw XΩnepff Xmc-Xayw A¿∞ iq\y-am-Wv.  hyh- k mb Bh- i y- ß ƒ°v Pew D]- t bm- K n- ° p- I - b - √ , sIm°-t°mf sNøp-∂-Xv. Pew hyh-kmbw sNøp-I-bmWv.. t_m´n¬ Pe-hn¬∏-\, Xncn-®p-h-cm-ØXpw Ah-km-\tØ-Xp-amb PeNqj-W-am-Wv...  P\- ß ƒ°v `qan- b n¬ \n∂pw kuP- \ y- a mbn In´p∂ PesØ tImf-I-º\nbpsS Hu-Zm-cy-ambn ImWp-I-hgn P\ß-fpsS ss\k¿Kn-I-amb Ah-Im-i-sØ-bmWv hn[n A´na-dn-°p-∂-Xv..  ]©m-b-Øns‚ "ssek≥knwKv' kw_-‘n® A[n-Im-cØn¬ sslt°m-SXn ssII-SØ - n-bX - ns\ kp{]ow tImSXn Xs∂ Xncp-Ønbn (cm-Pmdmw Pbv kzmfns‚ tIkn¬ )´p≠v.  ""Hcp dn´v l¿Pn-bn¬ Xo¿∏p I¬∏n-°p-tºmƒ _‘-s∏-´h¿°v ssek≥kv sImSp-°-W-sa∂v A[n-Im-cn-I-tfmSv t\cn´v \n¿t±-in-°p-I-hgn sslt°mSXn henb sX‰mWv sNbvXn-cn-°p-∂-Xv.. Hcp {]tXyI \nb-a-{]-Imcw _‘-s∏´ A[n-Im-cn-Iƒ°v kn≤n® A[n-Im-c-߃ Ah¿ hn\n-tbmKn-°p-∂-Xn\v apºv Ah t\cn´v sslt°m-SXn {]tbm-Kn°p-∂Xv icn-b-√.. ssek≥knwKv kvYm]-\-ß-fpsS A[nImcw kzbw Gs‰-SpØv ÿm]-\-ß-tfmSv ssek≥kv \¬I-Ws - a∂v B⁄m-]n-°p-hm≥ sslt°m-SX - n°v A[nIm-c-an√'' (D-Ø¿{]-tZiv k¿°m¿ ˛ cma-kz-cq]v AIR, 1985 -S/C 1108) (Ref:˛ Imfo-izcw cmPns‚ amXr-`qan teJ\w ˛ 2005 G{]n¬ 20.)

sslt°m-SXn kn¶nƒ _©v ]d-™Xv... sIm°-t°mf Iº-\n-bpw, km[m-c-W-]u-c\pw Htc AhIm-ißfpw km[mW ]uc-∑m-cm-sW∂v sslt°m-SXn Unhn-j≥ _©v {]Jym-]n-s®-¶nepw CtX tImS-Xn-bpsS knwKnƒ _©v Itºm-f-tØm-S√ `c-W-L-S-\-tbm-SmWv Iqdv {]Jym-]n-®-Xv.. 2003 Unkw. 16 \v CtX tIkn¬ kn¶n¬ _©v hn[n ]d-™-Xv, (am-[y-a-߃ Fgp-Xn-b-X\p-k-cn-®v) Xmsg]dbpw {]Im-c-am-bn-cp-∂p.. sIm°-t°mf {]h¿Øn-°p∂ `qan-bnse Pew Iº-\n-bptS-X√ - . AXp-sIm≠v Pe-Nq-jWw XS™ ]©m-bØ - ns‚ Xocp-am\w icn-bm-Wv.. `qK¿`-Pew kw_-‘n-®p-ff \nb-a-ß-fpsS A`m-h-Øn¬ AXns‚ AanX NqjWw XS-bm-\p-ff Npa-Xe ]©m-bØn\pw kwÿm\ `c-W-IqSØn\pw D≠v. `qK¿`Pew Hcp tZio-b-k-ºØv BI-bm¬ AX,v apgph≥ kaq-lØ - n\pw Ah-Im-is - ∏-´X - m-Wv.. `qan-bn¬ Poh≥ \ne-\n¿Øp∂Xv AXmW-v.. Cu al-Ømb kº-Øns‚ kq£n-∏p-Im-cm-Wv kwÿm\ `c-WI - q-Sw. Aan-X P - e NqjW-Øn-s\-Xn-sc kwc-£Ww G¿s∏-Sp-Øp-hm-\p-ff NpaXe kwÿm\ `cWIqS-Øn-\p-≠v. Cu Imcy-Øn¬ hcpØp∂ hogvN `cWLS-\-bpsS B¿´n-°¬ 21 {]Im-cw, Pohn-°p-hm-\p-ff P\-ß-fpsS Ah-Imiw Dd-∏m-°p∂, hIp-∏ns‚ ewL-\-amWv. "BtKm-f-`-c-W-L-S-\' AwKo-I-cn°p∂ hn[n-Iƒ am{X-a√ C¥y≥ `c-W-L-S\ A\p-h-Zn-°p∂ ]ucm-h-Im-i-߃°v ASn-h-c-bn-Sp∂ hn[nbpw \ΩpsS tImS-Xn-bn¬ \n∂pw tIƒ°m≥ Ign-bp-∂p-≠v... !

PUvPn-amsc P\-߃°v hna¿in-°mw. P\m-[n-]-Xy-Øn¬ PUvPn-amsc hna¿in-°m-\p-ff Ah-Imiw P\-߃°p-≠v. P\-ß-tfm-Sp-ff _m[yX a\- n-em°n Npa-Xe-Iƒ \oXn-]q¿Δw \n¿Δ-ln-°m≥ PUvPn-am¿°m-I-Ww. P\-߃ hna¿in-®m¬ Ah¿s°-Xnsc Xncn-tb-≠-h-c√ PUvPn-am¿. \oXn-]o-T-Øns‚ P\ Xm¬]cyw Db¿Øn-°m-´n, P\-tk-h-I-cm-sW∂v A`n-am-\n-°p-I-bmWv th≠-Xv. PUvPn-amcpsS ta¬ B¿°pw `c-W-]-c-amb \nb-{¥-W-an-√. \nb-a-k-`-sbbpw k¿°m-cn-s\bpw t\¿h-gn-°v \bnt°-≠Xv tImS-Xn-I-f-√. Ah¿ kzbw AXp sNøWw. `c-W-L-S-\-bn¬ \nb-a-k-`bv°pw tImS-Xn°pw k¿°m-cn\pw IrXy-amb A[nImc th¿Xn-cn-hp-≠v. Akm-[m-cW kml-N-cy-ß-fn-sem-gnsI tImSXn a‰p c≠n-s‚bpw A[n-Im-c-]-cn-[n-bn¬ CS-s]-S-cp-Xv. a{Zmkv sslIt°m-SXn No^v PÃnkv am¿°-WvtUb ImSvPp. (Zn lnμp 25-/2/05)

""shf-f-Øns‚ DS-a-Iƒ `c-W-Iq-S-am-sW-¶n¬ \mw izkn-°p∂ hmbp-hns‚ DS-a-I-fm-cm-Wv..? Pe-Øns‚ DS-a-Iƒ `cWIqSamsW∂v \mw kΩXn-®m¬ ag-bpsS DS-a-I-fm-cmWv F∂-XmWv ASpØ tNmZyw. shf-f-Øn-\p-ta¬ `qan-bnse Pnh-Pm-e-߃°p-ff Ah-Imiw auen-Im-h-Im-i-am-Wv.. shf-fsØ Poh-\n¬ \n∂v th¿Xn-cn®p ImWm-\m-hn-√.. kzImcy Pe-Øn-t\m, `cW IqS-Øns‚ DS-a-ÿ-X-bn-ep-ff P-eØn--tt\m, `qan-bn¬ ÿm\-an√. ''kaq-l-Øn\v A\p-Iq-e-ambn \n∂v `c-W-L-S-\°v A\p-kr-X-ambn \nba-hym-Jym\w \S-Øp-I-bm-Wv tImS-Xn-I-fpsS Npa-Xe. alm-`q-cn-]-£-Øn-\p-ff Pew \ntj-[n-®p-sIm≠v Pew I®-hSwsNbvXv tImSn-Iƒ hmcn-°q-´p∂ IpØ-I-Iƒ°v kwc-£Ww \¬IpI F∂-XmWv CXp kw_-‘n® sslt°mSXn Unhn-j≥_-©ns‚ hn[n \¬Ip∂ ktμ-iw. Cu ImgvN-∏mSv a\p-jy-k-aq-l-Øn\v FXn-cmWv . A-Xp-sIm≠v Cu hn[nsb FXn¿Øp-tXm¬∏nt® aXn-bm-Iq. H∏w, Pew F∂ s]mXp-k-º-Øns\ cmjv{S-Øn-s‚bpw P\-ß-fp-sSbpw kº-Ømbn \ne-\n¿Øm-\p-ff AXn-i-‡-amb P\-Iob t]mcm´-߃ Db¿Øn-s°m-≠p-h-cm\pw \ap°v Ign-b-Ww. '' k: hn. Fkv. A®p-Xm-\-μ≥ (tZ-im-`n-am\n 14-˛4˛05) 13

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AtKmf-h¬°-c-W-Øns‚ Im¬\q-‰m≠v 

temIØv 18,000 Ip´n-Iƒ Hmtcm Znh-khpw ]´n-Wn-sIm≠v acn-°p-∂p-≠v. 30-tImSn Ip´n-Iƒ AXn-Z-b-\o-bamw hn[w Zcn{Z-amb kml-N-cy-Øn-emWv Pohn-°p-∂-Xv. 10 tImSn Ip´nIƒ kvIqƒ hnZym-`ymkw e`n-°m-sX-bmWv hf-cp-∂X - v. 5\pw 17\pw CS°v {]mb-ap-ff 10 e£w Ip´n-Iƒ tIzmdn-I-fnepw J\n-I-fnepw ]Wn-sb-Sp-°p-∂p-≠v. Cu J\n-I-fn-e-[n-Ihpw kpc-£-kw-hn-[m-\-ß-fpf-f-tXm, b{¥-h¬°-cn-°-s∏-´tXm A√! acWw ap∂n¬ ImWp-Ibpw acn-®m¬ dnt∏m¿´v sNøs∏-SmsX t]mIp-Ibpw sNøpIbmWv ]Xn-hv. CØcw J\nI-fn¬ 90 ao‰¿ hsc Bg-Øn-te°v Ib-dn¬ Xqßn Cdßp-Ibpw Ib-dp-Ibpw sNøp-hm≥ Ip´n-Iƒ \n¿_-‘n-Xcm-Wv.  2004˛ ¬ BtKm-f-ambn, ]´mfw/bp≤w/ Bbp[w F∂n-h°mbn sNe-h-gn-°-s∏´ XpI 1.035 {Sney≥ tUmf-dm-Wv. Hmtcm a\p-jy\pw 162 tUmf¿ hoXw {]Xn-tcm[ sNehv hcp∂p F∂- X m- W n- X ns‚ A¿∞w. 2003- ˛ ¬ CXv 956 _ney≥ tUmf-dm-bn-cp-∂p. {]Xn-tcm[ sNe-hns‚ ]Ip-Xnbpw Ata-cn-°-bmWv sNe-h-gn-°p-∂-sX∂v tÃm°v tlmw C‚¿ \mj-W¬ ]okv dnk¿®v sk‚¿ Is≠-Øp-∂p. temI-Ønse hnI-kzc cmjv{S-߃ apgp-h≥ {]Xn-tcm-[mh-iy-Øn\v sNe-hn-Sp-∂{X XpI-bmWv Ata-cn° F∂ H‰ cm{„-Øns‚ {]Xn-tcm-[-sN-e-hv! samØ sNe-hns‚ 47% Ata-cn-°-bp-tS-XmWv t]mepw.  kº∂ cmjv{S-߃ 5.1 _ney≥ tUmf¿ am{Xw {]Xnh¿jw am‰n-h-®m¬, acp-∂p-sIm≠v XS-bm-hp-∂-tcmKw aqew temIØv ac-W-s∏-Sp∂ 6 Zi-e£w Ip´n-I-fpsS Poh≥ c£n-°mw.. 90% inip-a-c-Whpw 42 Zcn-{Z-cm-jv{S-ß-fn-emWv kw`-hn-°p-∂-Xv.. Ah-iy-a-cp-∂p-Ifpw hn‰m-an-\p-Ifpw {]Xntcm[ IpØn-hbv∏pw D≠m-bm¬ Xs∂ temIsØ 90% inip ac-Whpw XS-bm-\m-hp-as{X! 1.23 tUmf¿am{Xw {]Xnio¿j sNehv hcp-∂X - mWv Cu Bhiyw. {]Xn-tcm-[n-°m≥ Ign-bp∂ inip-a-c-W-ß-fn¬ (5 hb-kp-h-sc-bp-ff Ip´n-Ifp-sS) ]Ip-Xnbpw C¥y, ss\Po-cn-b, ssN\, ]mIn-ÿm≥, tImwt¶m, FtXym]y F∂o cmPy-ß-fn-emWv \S-°p-∂-Xv. ac-W-Im-c-W-am-Ip∂ tcmK-߃ {][m-\-ambpw hb-dn-f-°w, \yptam-Wn-b, t]mj-Im-lm-c-°p-d-hv, ate-dnb XpS-ßn-b-hbm-Ws{X!

 OECD

cmPy-߃ {]Xn-Zn\w 1 _ney≥ tUmf¿ hoXw Im¿jnI Ib-‰p-a-Xn-°mbn k_vkn-Un- \¬Ip-∂p-≠v. (2003˛¬ 350 _ney≥ tUmf¿ ) bqtdm-]y≥ bqWn-b≥ am{Xw 100 _ney≥ tUmf¿ A{Kn-_n-kn-\k - n-\mbn {Km‚pw k_vknUnbpw \¬Ip-∂p. Ata-cn-°≥ tIm´¨Ir-jn°v 2002¬ am{Xw Ah¿ \¬Inb k_vknUn 3.7 _ney≥ tUmf-dm-bncp-∂p. 2003-˛¬ B{^n-°≥ cmjv{S-߃°v apgp-h-\mbn 30 H.C.kn.Un. cmjv{S-߃ \¬Inb klmbw tIhew 22 _ney≥ tUmf¿ am-{X-am-bn-cp-∂p. bqtdm-∏nse Hcp ]ip-hn\v Zn\w {]Xn 3 tUmf¿ hoXw k_v-knUn e`n-°p-tºmƒ B{^n°-bn¬ 50% P\-ßfpw {]Xn-Zn\w 1 tUmf¿ t]mepw hcp-am\-an-√m-Ø-h-cmWv! tIm´¨hne CSn-™-Xp-sIm≠v B{^n°-bnse ]cpØn D¬∏m-Z-I-cm-jv{S-߃°v 400 Zi-e£w tUmf¿, Ib-‰p-aXn hcp-am\w \jvS-s∏-´p.. 2003 ¬ amenb≥ ]cpØn I¿j-I¿°v Intembv°v 33 sk‚mWv In´n-bsX-¶n¬, Ata-cn-°-bnse ]cp-Øn-Irjn IpØ-I-Iƒ°v 1.45 tUmf-dm-Ws{X Intem-{Km-an\v e`n® hne!! temI-Ønse G‰hpw kº-∂-cmb A©n-sem∂v BfpIƒ temI-Ønse BsI D¬∏-∂-ß-fpsS 86% hpw D]-t`mKn-°p-∂p.. G‰hpw ASn-Ø-´nse A©n-sem∂v P\-ß-fpsS BsI D]-t`mKw 1.3% am{X-amWv temI-Ønse G‰hpw hen-b 3 kº-∂-cpsS Bÿn 48 Zcn-{Z-cm-jv{S-ß-fpsS kwbp‡ tZiob D¬∏m-Z-\-tØ-°mƒ IqSp-X-em-Wv. AYhm Cu 3 kº-∂¿ Ah-cpsS kzØv hn‰m¬, 48 cmPy-ß-fnse apgp-h≥ D¬∏-∂-ß-fpw hmßm≥ tijn-bp-≠mhpw! temI-Ønse 47% Zcn-{Z-P-\-߃ (2.6 _ney≥) Ah-cpsS hm¿jnI hcp-am\w Hcp-an®v tiJ-cn-®mte AXn-kº - ∂ - c - mb 225 t]cpsS kzØv hmßm-\m-hq... Cu AXn kº-∂-cmb 225 t]cpsS kº-Øn-\p-ta¬ 4% \nIpXn Npa-Øn-bm¬ In´p∂ ]Ww sIm≠v am{Xw `qan-bnse apgp-h≥ a\pjy¿°pw ASn-ÿm\ BtcmKy kwhn-[m\w `£-Ww, ip≤P-ew, ipNo-I-cW kwhn-[m\w F∂nh Hcp-°m-\-hpw.!

(United Nations Reports / World Development Reports)

]n.-F.-Pn. _p≈-‰n\v 500 cq] /AXn\v apI-fn¬ kw`mh\ Ab®p X∂-h¿ (5 h¿jsØ hm¿jnI hcn-kwJy 500 cq]-bmWv) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13.

k: k: k: k: k: k: k: k: k: k: k: k: k:

{ioIp-am¿, bqWn-b≥ _m¶v, Xriq¿ 500 Sn.-F-kv. apc-fn, _m¶v Hm^v _tdm-U, sIm®n 500eXnI sI. sI., C/o. hnt\m-ZvIp-am¿, NMGB tIm´bw 500sI. hn. taml-\≥, thaw ]n.-H., hb-\mSv 500 kn.-_n. thWp-tKm-]m¬, \yqC¥y Ajq-d≥kv, sIm®n 500 _nPp. sI. DΩ≥, sI.-F-kv.-C.-_n., If-a-t»cn 500 apl-ΩZv dkm-Jv, aºm-Sv, ae-∏pdw 500 ]n. sI. cho-{μ-\m-Yv, klym-{Zn, sImS-Ic 500 hn.-F≥. cW-tZ-hv, \m´n-I, Xr»q¿ 500 hn.-Sn. tPmbn, I\dm _m¶v, sIm®n 500 cmP≥ Sn.-B¿., F v.-_n.-Sn., Ccn´n, IÆq¿ 500 kZm-in-h≥ ]n≈, s_^n AJn-te¥ym {]kn-U≠v 1000 _n.-F. t{]wIp-am¿, bqssW-‰Uv C¥y, ssakq¿ 1000

cq] cq] cq] cq] cq] cq] cq] cq] cq] cq] cq] cq] cq]

`c-Wm-[n-]≥am-c-S°w F√m-hcpw, \nb-a\n¿ΩmWk`mw-K-ßfpw \ymbm-[n-]-Xn-I-fpw, Ah-c-h-cpsS Npa-X-e-Iƒ \n¿Δ-ln-°p-tºmƒ Hcp Imcyw Ft∏mgpw Hm¿Øn-cn-°-Ww. `c-W-LS\ \n¿Δ-Nn® Hcp t£a-cmjv{Sw sI´n-]-Sp-°phm≥ Ah-sc-√m-hcpw _m≤y-ÿ-cm-Wv.... πm®naS hn[n ta¬]-d™ Ahn-X¿°n-X-amb {]Pmb-Ø-`-c-W-hy-hÿnXn°v Du∂¬ sImSp-Øn´pt≠m F∂v ]cn-tim-[n-°p-hm≥ Hcp sslt°m-SXn PUvPn-bmbn hnc-an® Rm≥ B{K-ln-°p-∂p... Hcp Iº\n, Legal Person BsW-¶nepw B Iº-\n°v Natural Person\v `cW-L-S\ \¬Ip∂ 19, 20, 21, 22 F∂o hIp-∏pI-fpsS auen-Im-h-Imiw Ah-Im-i-s∏-Sm-\m-hn√... AXm-bXv Hcp Iº-\n°v ; km[m-cW ]uc\v `c-W-L-S\ \¬Inbn-´p≈ ‘To live in dignity’ F∂ auen-Im-h-Im-i-Øn\v A¿l-X-bn√. C°m-c-W-Øm¬ πm-®n-aS hn[n ]p\x-]-cntim-[-\bv°v hnt[-b-am-t°-≠-Xm-Wv. PÃokv (dn´.) sI.-]n. cm[m-Ir-jvW-ta-t\m≥

14

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BtKm-f-h¬°-c-W-Øn-s\-Xnsc P\-߃


k¿°m- c n- X c kwL- S - \ - I - t fm- S p- f f CPIM s‚ kao- ] \w temI-_m¶pw A¥¿tZ-iob GP≥kn-Ifpw IqSmsX F¨]-Xp-I-fpsS A¥y-Øn¬ C¥y-bn¬ XpS¿®-bmbn h∂ Kh¨sa‚p-Ifpw HutZym-Kn-I-ambn hnI-k-\-t£a {]h¿Ø\-ß-fn¬ F≥. Pn. HIsf t{]m’m-ln-∏n-°p∂ kao-]-\-sa-SpØp. `c-W-IqSw AØcw {]h¿Ø-\-߃ F≥. Pn. HIƒ°pw "knhn¬k-aq-l-Øn\pw' ssIam-d-W-sa∂ \hen_-d¬ Ipdp∏-Sn-tbmSv CXv tbmPn®p t]mIp-∂p. CXv kp{]-[m\ taJ-eI-fmb hnZym-`ym-kw, Btcm-Kyw, kmaq-ly-t£aw F∂n-hb - psS kzIm-cy-h¬°-c-W-Øn\v kuIcyw sNbvXp sImSp-°p-∂p, Xzcn-Xs - ∏-Sp-Øp-∂p. Ign™ H∂c Zi-IØ - n-\n-Sb - n¬ {KmaoW hnI-k-\w, kv{Xo im‡o-I-cWw, hnZym-`ym-kw, ]cn-ÿn-Xn, kmaq-lnI t£a-{]-h¿Ø-\-߃ F∂n-h-°mbn Kh¨sa‚ v ^≠n¬ \n∂v h≥XpI F≥.Pn.HIƒ°v ssIam- d n. Kh¨sa‚ns‚ ]e ]cn-]m-Sn-I-fnepw F≥. Pn. HIƒ°v D]tZ-iI ]Zhn \¬In-bn-´p-≠v. CsX√mw hnhn[ taJ-e-I-fn¬ hf-sc-th-K-Øn¬ s]mßn-h-cp-∂-Xn\v F≥. Pn. HIƒ°v Ahkcw \¬In. 1987 apX¬ hntZi kw`m-h\ \nb-{¥W \nbaw (F^v kn B¿ F) F∂ t]cn¬ Hcp \nbaw {]m_-ey-Øn-ep-≠v. AXp {]Imcw hntZ-i-^≠v kzoI-cn-°p∂ F≥. Pn. HIƒ cPn-ÿ sNbv X n- c n- ° - W w. B`y- ¥ c a{¥m- e - b - Ø ns‚ hm¿jnI dnt∏m¿´p-Iƒ {]Imcw AØ-c-Øn-ep-ff kwL-S-\-I-fpsS FÆhpw kzoI-cn-°p∂ kwJybpw IpØs\ h¿≤n-®p-sIm≠n-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv. Nne ^≠p-Iƒ bYm¿∞ Poh-Im-cp-Wy˛ t£a {]h¿Ø-\-߃°mbn-´mWv h∂-sX-¶n¬ hen-sbmcp kwJy-h-∂Xv tKm{X-h¿§-°m¿, kv{XoIƒ, Zfn-Xp-Iƒ a‰p a¿±nX hn`m-K-߃ F∂n-h¿°n-S-bnse {]h¿Ø-\-Øn-\m-Wv. kw`m-h\ \¬Ip∂ ]m›mXy GP≥kn-I-fpsS e£yw a‰p-f-f-h-tcm-sSm∏w F≥. Pn. HI-fp-]-tbm-Kn®v Acm-jv{So-bhmZw {]N-cn-∏n-°p-I-bm-Wv. hnhn[ hn`mKw P\-ß-fpsS kwL-SnX {]ÿm-\-߃ hf¿∂p-h-cp-∂-Xns\ XS- -s∏-SpØm\pw P\-߃ cmjv{Sob {]h¿Ø-\-ß-fn¬ ]s¶-Sp-°p∂-Xns\ \ncp-’m-l-s∏-Sp-Øm-\p-amWv hen-sbmcp hn`mKw F≥. Pn. HIfpw {]h¿Øn-°p-∂-Xv. BtKm-f-h¬°-cWw ASn-t®¬∏n-°m\pw t{]m’m-ln-∏n°m\pw {ian-°p∂ cmPy-ß-fn¬ \n∂p-ff GP≥kn-Ifn¬ \n∂v ]Ww ]‰p-∂-h-cm-Wv Cu kwL-S-\-I-fn¬ henb ]¶psa-∂Xv hmkvX-h-am-Wv. hkvXpX CXm-bncns° F¥p-sIm≠v CØcw GP≥kn-Iƒ temI tkmjy¬ t^md-Øn¬ {][m\ ]¶v hln-°p∂p? DØcw hy‡w: AXn\p ]n∂n¬ {]Xy-bim-kv{X-]-c-amb t{]c-W-bp≠.v BtKm-f-h¬°-c-W-Øns‚ cmjv{Sob FXn-cm-fn-I-fp-ambn HutZym-Kn-Ihpw A\u-tZym-KnI-hp-amb thZn ]¶n-Sp∂ Imcyw t_m[-]q¿Δw Xs∂ temI_m¶v apt∂m´v h®n-´p-≠v. km{am-Py-Xz-Øn-s‚bpw apX-em-fnØ-Øn-s‚bpw N´-°q-Sn-\p-f-fn¬ BtKm-f-h¬°-c-W-Øn-s\Xnsc Db¿∂p-h-cp∂ {]Xn-tj-[sØ HXp-°n-\n¿Øp-∂-Xn-\p-

ff t_m[-]q¿Δ-amb {]h¿Ø-\-am-Wn-Xv. P\-ßsf Xpd∂v kwkm-cn-°m≥ A\p-hZ- n-°p-∂p. Ah-cpsS {]Xn-tj-[m·n XWp∏n-°p-∂-Xn-\p-th-≠n.. B hn[-Øn-ep-ff Hcp {]h¿Ø-\-Øn\v \n¿_-‘-ambpw Hcp {]Xy-b-imkv{X N´-°q-Sns‚ ]n≥Xp-Wbp-≠m-I-Ww. F≥. Pn. HI-fpsS "P\-Iob {]ÿm\'Øns‚ hmNm-tSm-]-ßfpw sNdnb hyXym-k-ßfpw Hgn-hm°n AXns‚ {]Xy-b-imkv{X \ne-]mSv Npcp°n hni-Zo-I-cn-®m¬ Cß-s\-bncn°pw. temI-hn-`-h-ß-fpsS \nb-{¥Ww P\-߃ t\Sn-sb-Sp-°ptºmtg BtKm-f-h¬°-c-W-Øn\v _Z-em-hp-I-bpffq. CXn\¿∞w BtKm-fh - ¬°-cW - Ø - n-s\-Xn-cmb {]ÿm-\ß - ƒ hn`h-ß-fpsS taep-ff tIm¿∏-td‰v \nb-{¥-W-sØbpw `c-W-IqS \nb-{¥-W-sØbpw FXn¿°-W-sa∂mWv. tIm¿∏-td‰v \nb{¥-WsØ FXn¿°p∂p F∂ t]cn¬ Ah¿ apX-em-fn-ØsØ FXn¿°p-I-bm-sW∂v hcp-Øp-∂p. `c-W-IqS \nb-{¥-WsØ FXn¿°p-∂-Xns‚ t]cn¬ tkmjy-enÃv cmPy-ß-fpsS A\p`h-ßs - fbpw AXp-hgn tkmjy-en-ksØ Xs∂bpw FXn¿°p∂-Xn-\mWv Ah¿ aptºm-´p-h-cp-∂Xv. Ah¿ D∂-bn-°p∂ "P\Iob \nb-{¥-W-sa∂' Cu Ahy‡ k¶¬∏w BtKm-fh¬°- c - W - Ø n- s \- X n- c mb ^e- { ]- Z - a mb FXn¿∏n- s \bpw tkmjy-enÃv _Z¬ Db¿Øn ImWn-°p-∂-Xn-s\bpw Zp¿_-es∏-Sp-Øp-∂p. Cu {]Xy-b-imkv{X t]mcm-´-Øn¬ \mw ]¶m-fn-I-fm-tI-≠nbn-cn-°p-∂p. kXy-Øn¬, A¥n-a- hn-iI-e-\-Øn¬ Iayq-WnÃp-Imcpw P\-ß-fpsS bYm¿∞hpw kºq¿Æ-hp-amb \nb{¥Ww hn`-h-ßfpsStaepw kmaqly {]h¿Ø-\-Øns‚ taepw D≠m-I-W-sa-∂mWv B{K-ln-°p-∂-Xv. F∂m¬ GXv kmaq-lnI kmº-ØnI hyh-ÿ-bmWv P\-߃°v A[nImcw {]tbm-Kn-°m-\p-ff Ah-Im-ihpw \nb-a-]-c-amb ]n¥pWbpw \¬Ip-∂-Xv? tkmjy-enkw am{X-amWv P\-߃°v B hn[-Øn-ep-ff kzm`m-hn-Ia - mb A[n-Imcw \¬Ip∂ GI hy-hÿ. Bb-Xn-\m¬ km{am-PyXz BtKm-f-h¬°-c-W-Øn\p-ff GI _Z¬ tkmjy-en-k-am-Wv. F≥. Pn. HIsf t{]m’m-ln-∏n-°p-∂-Xns‚ cmjv{So-bhpw {]Xy-b-im-kv{X-]-c-hp-amb kz`mhw CXmbn-cns°, hnZym-`ymkw, BtcmKyw XpS-ßnb ASn-ÿm\ taJ-e-I-fnse DØ-chm-Zn-Xz-߃ `c-W-IqSw Dt]-£n-°-cp-sX∂pw Ah F≥. Pn. HIƒ°v hn´p-sIm-Sp-°-cp-sX∂pw ÿnc-ambn ]m¿´n {]N-cn-∏n°-Ww. `c-W-IqSw Cu taJ-e-I-fn¬ sNøp∂ apJy {]h¿Ø\-Øns‚ A\p-_-‘-ambn am{Xta Gdn-bm¬ F≥. Pn. H. {]h¿Ø\w hcm-hq. PmXn, tKm{Xw, {]tZiw F∂n-hb - psS ASn-ÿm-\Ø - n¬ Nne hn`m-K-ßsf {]tXyI kzXzm-Sn-ÿm-\-Øn¬ kwL-Sn-∏n®v s]mXp {]h¿Ø- \ - Ø n¬ \n∂pw am‰n \n¿Øm- \ p- f f F≥. Pn .HI-fpsS {ia-ßsf \mw i‡n-bmbn FXn¿°-Ww.

(18˛mw ]m¿´n tIm¨{Kkv tcJ-Iƒ, Nn¥m ]ªn-tj¿kv, t]Pv 113˛ 116)

150 ¬∏cw t]Pp-I-fp-ff, ]n.F-.Pn.-bpsS 7maXv {]tXyI ]pkvXIw, "21 mw \q‰m≠nse sXmgn-em-fn-h¿§w' sabv 15\v {]kn-≤o-I-cn-°m-\n-cp-∂-Xm-Wv. F∂m¬ hcn-kwJy ]pXp-°p-∂-Xnepw ]pXnb hcn-°msc Is≠-Øp-∂-Xnepw R߃ {]Xo-£n® apt∂‰w D≠m-hm-ØXv sIm≠v C{Xbpw henb kmº-ØnI _m[yX Gs‰-Sp-°m≥ Ct∏mƒ Ign-bp-∂n-√. HIvtSm-_¿ BZy-hmcw Cu ]pkvXIw {]kn-≤o-I-cn-°p∂-XmWv. hm¿jnI hcn-kwJy 100 cq]-bm-sW∂v Adn-bm-a-t√m. hcnkwJy ]pXp-°nbpw hcn-°msc tN¿Øp-X∂pw hmb-\-°m¿ kl-I-cn°phm≥ A`y¿∞n-°p-∂p.

IØp-Iƒ, hcn-kwJy (Fw.H / Un.-Un.) F∂nh Ab-t°≠ hnemkw Convenor, PAG, 'Narmada', Karuvissery, Kozhikode- 673 010, Ph: 0495- 2374666 Edited printed & Published by AJAYAN K., Convenor, People Against Globalisation for and on behalf of Kerala State General Insurance Employees Union, P.B. No. 1810, Cochin - 16 Vol - 2, Issue No. - 6, April-May 2005 DTP & Layout : DataCare,Calicut., Printed at : Kairali Offset Prints, Calicut

15

PEOPLE AGAINST GL OBALISA TION GLOBALISA OBALISATION

BtKm-f-h¬°-c-W-Øn-s\-Xnsc P\-߃


Regd. No. KERMAL 11385/11/1/2003-TC. D1.21467/03, Vol. No.2, Issue No. 6, April/May 2005 Postal Registration No. KL/CT/144/04-06s

kucbqY-Øn¬ ]pXnb {Klw Is≠Øn : hm¿Ø

DÆn-Ir-jvW≥ IS-∏mSv : amXr-`qan

kmº-Øn-I-\-b-ß-fpsS Zni am‰-Ww ˛ sk]v‰w-_¿ 29\v tZiob ]Wn-ap-S-°v.  Akw-L-SnX taJ-e-bn¬ sXmgn-se-Sp-°p-∂-h-cpsS kmaq-ly-kp-c-£n-XXzw

Dd-∏m-°p∂ \nb-a-\n¿ΩmWw \S-Øp-I.  sXmgn¬ cln-X¿°v sXmgn¬ Dd-∏m-°p∂ tZiob sXmgn-ep-d∏v \nbaw sIm≠p-

h-cn-I.  \nb-a-\-\n-tcm-[-\hpw Icm¿h¬-°-c-Whpw ]n≥h-en-°p-I; dn{Iq-´vsa‚ v \S-

ØpI  {]tXyI kmº-ØnI taJ-e-I-fnepw Ib-‰p-aXn tI{μ-ß-fnepw an\naw thX-

\hpw sXmgn¬ kpc£m kwhn-[m-\-ßfpw Dd-∏p-h-cp-Øp-I.  s]mXp-ta-J-e- \ne-\n¿Øp-Ibpw, hf¿Øp-Ibpw sNøpI.  I¬°cn, J\\w, {]Xn-tcm-[w, dos´-bn¬ XpS-ßnb taJ-e-I-fn¬ hntZi

\nt£]w A\p-h-Zn-°-cp-Xv.  C≥jq-d≥kv / sSentImw / _m¶nwKv taJ-e-I-fn¬ hntZi \nt£-]-]-cn[n

Db¿Ø-cpXv  ]Wn-ap-S° - m-\p≈ Ah-Imiw auen-Im-hI - m-ia - m-°p∂ \nbaw sIm≠p-hc - n-I.  C.-]n.-F-^v. AS-°-ap≈ sXmgn-emfn kºm-Zy-]-≤-Xn-I-fpsS ]en-i-\n-c°v 12

iX-am-\-ambn Db¿Øp-I.  s]≥j≥ kzIm-cy-h¬°-cW _n√v, _m¶nwKv, B¿._n.-sF. \nb-a-t`-Z-KXn

_n√p-Iƒ.. ]n≥h-en-°p-I.  `q]cn-jvI-cWw \S-∏m-°p-I. Pe-Øns‚ s]mXp-D-S-a-ÿX \ne-\n¿Øp-I.  s]mXp-hn-X-cWw km¿Δ-{Xn-I-am-°p-I.  h≥In-S-°m¿ hcp-Øn-sh® In´m-I-Shpw \nIp-Xn-Ip-Sn-»n-Ibpw ASn-b-¥n-c-ambn

]ncn-s®-Sp-°p-I.  Bdmw iº-f-I-Ωo-js\ \nb-an-°p-I, t_mWkv ]cn[n FSp-Øp-I-f-bp-I.

sXmgn-se-Sp-°p-∂h - ¿°pw sXmgn¬ cln-X¿°p-am-bp≈ tZiob {]t£m-`a - mWn-Xv. tI{μ t{SUv bqWn-b\ - p-Iƒ, tI{μ kwÿm\ Poh-\° - m¿, _m¶v C≥jqd≥kv, sSentImw Poh-\° - m¿, s]mXp-ta-Jem sXmgn-em-fn-Ifpw Poh-\° - mcpw, Akw-LS- nX taJ-eb - nse sXmgn-em-fn-Ifpw AS°apff ]Wn-sb-Sp-°p-∂h - cmsI AWn-\n-c° - p-∂ tZiob t]mcm-´a - m-Wn-Xv. cmPy-Øns‚ ]c-am-[n-Im-chpw P\-Xb - psS AXn-Po-h\ - hpw Dd-∏p-hc - p-Øm-\p-ff cmjv{Sob ka-cw.

P E O P L E

A G A I N S T

G L O B A L I S A T I O N

BtKm-f-h¬°-c-W-Øn-s\-Xnsc Contribution : Rs. 5

P\-߃ Kairalai Offset Prints, Calicut


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