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_Z¬ tkmjy-en-k-am-Wv, F¥p-sIm≠v ? C.-Fw.-F-kv˛ C¿^m≥ l_o_v _nj∏v ]utemkvam¿ {KntKmdntbmkv sFPmkv AlΩ-Zv Pn.-_n. taml≥ Xºn- ˛ ss\\m≥ tImin..

P E O P L E

A G A I N S T

PAG Bulletin ‘NARMADA’, CALICUT - 673 010

G L O B A L I S A T I O N

BtKm-f-h¬°-c-W-Øn-s\-Xnsc Regd. No. KERMAL 11385/11/1/2003-TC. D1.21467/03

24& 25

P\-߃

Vol. No.1, Issue No. 3, Dec.03-Jan.04

-


t]Pp-I-fn¬ N¿® -˛ I _Z¬ tkmjy-en-k-amWv ,F¥p-sIm≠v? 20

AsX AXv hen-sbmcp ]co-£-W-am-bn-cp-∂p˛C.-Fw,-Fkv 23

tkmjy-enÃv XI¿®-bpsS Imc-W-߃ ˛ C¿^m≥ l_o_v 26

" kwL-´-\-߃ sIm≠v Nn∂n-`n-∂amb C∂sØ Xe-apd Xe-Xn-cn™vt]m-Ip-∂-Xpw, Ah¿ ]pXnb Xe-ap-dsb Xe Xncn-°p-∂Xpw XSbpI F∂-XmWv \ΩpsS ISa. \mw HutZym-KnI Nn¥bv°v Iogn¬ {IoX-Zm-k≥am-cmbn Xoc-cp-Xv, AYhm `c-W-Iq-S-Øns‚ Nnehn¬ kzmX{¥yw A\p-`-hn-®p-sIm≠v Pohn-°p∂ kvtImf¿jn∏v hnZym¿∞n-I-fp-ambn Xoc-cp-Xv. ]pXnb a\p-jys‚ Km\w, P\-ßfpsS icn-bmb kzc-Øn¬ ]mSp∂ hnπ-h-Im-cn-Iƒ Db¿∂p-h-cp-∂p≠v. Gsd-°mew FSp-°p∂ Hcp {]{In-b-bm-Wn-Xv......'' sNKp-thc

kºm-Z\w FUn-‰nwKv teHu´v AP-b≥

_mly CS-s]-Sepw KqUm-tem-N-\-bpw ˛ ]utemkv am¿ {KntKm-dn-tbmkv 28

bqtd-m]y≥ tkmjy-en-k-Øns‚ ]X-\w ˛ ss\\m≥ tImin 29

]m¿´n-bpw `cWIqShpw ˛ Pn.-_n. taml≥ Xºn 30

am¿Ivknkw Hcp Xpd∂ Z¿i-\-am-Wv ˛ Iyq_≥ IΩyq-WnÃv ]m¿´n

N¿® -˛ II \memw temI-Øns‚ {]Xy-b-imkv{X ]cn-k-cw ˛ tUm. Sn.-sI. cma-N-{μ≥ 4

am¿Ivkns\ ho≠pw hmbn-°p-tºmƒ ˛ AP-bvtLmjv 14

F¥mWv am¿Ivknkw ˛ F.-sI. 16

\oXn-\n-jvT-amb apX-em-fnØw Hcp sI´p-I-Y-bm-hp∂-sX-¥p-sIm-≠v˛ F.-sI. 38

BtKm-fh - ¬°-cW ImesØ CS-Xp-]£ cmjv{Sobw {]q^v at\mPv amt\-PnwKv FUn‰¿ ctaiv Ipam¿ ssS∏vsk‰nwKv Um‰m-sI-b¿, tImgn-t°mSv {]n‚nwKv ssIcfn tImgn-t°mSv FUn-t‰m-dn-b¬ A{U v 37/1079F, \¿ΩZ tImgn-t°mSv ˛ 10

P E O P L E

A G A I N S T

N¿®m {]_‘w 45

Hcp Xpd∂ XXz-Nn-¥-bpsS ip`m-]vXn-hn-izm-kw˛ sI.-C.-F≥. -42 ]n.-F.-Pn. {]Xn-I-cn-°p∂p

CXn¬ {]I-Sn-∏n-°p∂ A`n-{]m-b-߃ kwL-S\ - b - p-tS-X√ - , teJ-Ic - p-tSXmWv

G L O B A L I S A T I O N

BtKm-f-h¬°-c-W-Øn-s\-Xnsc

P\-߃


c‡-km-£n-Xzw P - ∑ZuXy-am-sW∂v {]Jym-]n-°p∂ Nne _ - p-≤n-Po-hn-If- psS A`n-{]m-bØ - n¬ Cßs\-sbmcp N¿®-t]mepw am¿Ivkn-Ãv hncp-≤-am-Wv.. -_-Z¬ tkmjy-en-k-am-sW∂ Imcy-Øn¬ B¿°mWv X¿°w Ah¿ tNmZn°pw. H∂√ Hcm-bncw _Z-ep-I-fp-s≠∂v hmZn-°p∂ \h am¿Ivkn-Ãp-IfmWv adp-]-£-Øv. Ah¿ am¿Ivkn-k-Øn\pw tkmjy-enkØn\pw-hsc _Z-epIƒ Xøm- d m°n \S- ° p∂hcm- W v . Ah- c n¬ Nne¿s°- ¶ nepw tkmjy- e nkw Hcp t{]mPIvSvt]mse efn-X-amb Kth-jW-hn-j-b-am-Wv. ""Ncn{Xw Ah-km-\n® ÿnXn°v apX-em-fn-Ø-Øn\v Hcp a\p-jy-ap-Jm-h-cWw Nm¿Øn-s°m-SpØm¬'' _Z-em-hp-sa-∂v '' Nne-cpsS hn\oX A`n-{]mbw! ""Nqj-W-Øn\v _Z-en-√m-Ø-Xn\v Rms\¥p-]n-g®p''sh∂mWv Hcp ]gb Xo{h-hm-Zn- tNm-Zn-°p-∂-Xv. BtKm-f-ap-X-em-fn-Ø-Øns‚ "P\m[n-]Xy Ifn-sØm-´n-en¬' hn{i-an-°p∂ At±lw tkmjy-en-ksØ "Nqj-W-Øns‚ kmaqly Ah-Xm-c-'am-bmWv hne-bn-cp-Øp∂-Xv.! "tkmjyenkw' tkmjy¬ t^md-Øn¬ \n∂pw tI´p-Xp-S-ßn-sb∂v Bchw Db¿Øp-∂-hcpw; P\-Io-bm-kq-{XWw tkmjy-enÃv ]co-£-W-am-sW∂v hn[n-sb-gp-Xp∂-h-cpw; \ntbmam¿Ivknk-Øns‚ K¿`w [cn®hcpw F√mw tN¿∂v tIc-f-Øns‚ Ac-ßphm-gp-I-bm-Wv...... _Z-e√, _Z- e n- s \- I p- d n®v Znim- t _m- [ - a p≈ At\z- j - W hpw t]mcm- ´ hpw BWv th≠- s X∂v Cu tImem-le߃ ]d-™p-X-cp-∂p≠v. _Z-ep-I-fpsS "{]hm-l-Øn¬' \n∂pw- b-Ym¿∞ _Z¬ apßn-sb-Sp-°p-I-sb∂ {ia-I-c-amb ZuXyw Gs‰-Sp-°p-I-bmWv hnπ-h-Im-cn-I-f-psS ASn-b¥nc IS-a-sb∂v temI-am-sI-bpff Nqjn-X¿ Xncn-®-dn-bp-∂p≠v. XI¿∂tXm XI-cm-hp-∂tXm Bb tkmjyenÃv ]co-£-W-ß-fpsS A¿∞hpw Bghpw IrXyambn Xn´-s∏-Sp-Øm-\m-hp-∂n-s√-¶n¬ AXn-k-º-∂-cpsS B¿∏p-hnfnIfn¬ A[xÿnX-cpsS t]mcm-´-߃ Zp¿_-e-amb tXß-ep-I-fmbn AkvX-an-°pw. C\n Aßn-s\-sbmcp ]n-g-hn\v \ΩpsS kz¥w a\xkm-£n-t]mepw am∏p-\¬Ip-sa∂v tXm∂p-∂n-√. Cusbmcp Ncn-{X-]-cn›mØe-Øn¬ \n∂psIm≠mWv ]n.-F.-Pn. hyXy-kvX-amb Cu N¿®-bm-cw-`n-°p-∂-Xv. kJmhv C.Fw.- F kv apX¬ C¿^m≥ l_o- _ pw, ]utemkv am¿ {KntKm- d n- t bmkv Xncp- t a\nbpw hsc-bp-≈- HcpIq´w ss[j-Wn-I-cpsS A`n-{]m-b-߃ CXn¬ t{ImUo-I-cn-°-s∏-Sp∂p. Iyq_≥ Iayq-WnÃv ]m¿´n- AS°w Bdv Iayq-Wn-kvddv ]m¿´n-I-fpsS ]T-\-ßfpw CXn¬ `m-KnI-ambn Dƒs∏-Sp-Øm≥ {ian-®n-´p-≠v. hcp∂ e°-ß-fn¬ Cu N¿® XpS-cp-∂-Xm-Wv. ka-Imeo\ tIc-f-Øn¬ am[y-a-N¿®-Iƒ°n-S-bn¬ apßn-b-a-cp∂ "\memw temI'-Øns‚ {]Xy-b-imkv{X-]-cn-kcw Kuc-h-am¿∂ Hcp ]T-\-Øn-eqsS tUm. Sn.-sI.-cma-N-{μ≥ CXn¬ hy‡-am-°p∂p-. ^mknÃvhncp≤ sFIy-ap-∂-Wnbpw h¿§-cm-jv{So-bhpw kw_-‘n-®p≈ ]pXnb IS-a-Iƒ hniZ-am-°p∂ N¿®m {]_‘w, k: sI.C.F≥. Ah-X-cn-∏n-°p-∂p. N¿® Bh-iy-s∏-Sp∂ \nch[n Bi-b-ß-fpsS kw£n]vX cq]-amWv Cu {]_-‘w. Cu N¿®-bn¬ ]s¶-Sp-°phm\pw, t]mcm- ´ - ß ƒ°v Icp- Ø v ] - I - c m\pw tIc- f - Ø nse CS- X p- ] £ cmjv { Sob/kmwkv I m- c nI {]h¿Ø-I-tcmSv hn\-b-]q¿Δw R߃ A`y¿∞n-°p-∂p. C.-Fw.-Fkn\v tij-ap≈ tIcfØnse CS-Xp-]£ cmjv{So-b-Ønse k∂n-Kv[-X-Iƒ BtcmKy-I-c-amb CS-s]-S-en-eqsS ]cn-l-cn-°-s∏-Sp-hm-\p≈ {ia-ßsf BZ-c-]q¿Δw AwKo-I-cn-®psIm-≠mWv Cu hnj-b-߃ Bg-Øn-ep≈ \nß-fpsS ]cn-tim[-\-bv°mbn ka¿∏n-°p-∂-Xv. hgn-sX-‰p-Itbm hgn-]n-cn-bp-Itbm sNøp-tºmƒ tNm¿∂p-t]m-Ip∂ kwL-i-‡n-tb-°p-dn-®p≈ D¬I-WvT-I-fmWv Rß-fn-hnsS ]¶p-sh-bv°p-∂-Xv. A[n-\n-th-i-Øn\v I\-Im-h-k-c-ß-sfmcp-°p∂ hnhmZ tImem-l-e-ß-fn¬ \n∂pw Znim-t_m-[-ap≈ t]mcm-´-ß-fpsS kwL¿j `qanbn-te°v tIcfw -a-S-ßn-h-c-W-sa-∂p≈ B{K-lhpw Rß-fn-hnsS hn\-b-]q¿Δw {]I-Sn-∏n°p- ∂ p. h¿§- c m- j v { Sobhpw AXns‚ Xojv W - X bpw Xncn- ® p- ] n- S n- ° m\pw sI´p- I m- g v N - I - f n¬ \n∂v Xo{hcmjv { Sob t]mcm- ´ - ß fnte°v ]cn- h ¿Ø- \ - s ∏- S m\pw. Cu N¿®- I ƒ A¬∏sa- ¶ nepw {]tbm-P-\-s∏-Sp-sa¶n¬ R߃ [\y-cm-bn. {]Xn-tcm-[n-°phm\pw t]mcm-Sp-hm\pw AXn-Pohn°phm\pw \nc-¥cw ]mSp-s]-Sp∂h¿°v -R - -ß-fnXv ka¿∏n-°p-∂p..

I¨ho-\¿

P E O P L E

A G A I N S T

G L O B A L I S A T I O N

BtKm-f-h¬°-c-W-Øn-s\-Xnsc

P\-߃


_Z¬ tkmjy-en-k-am-Wv, F¥p-sIm≠v?

"am¿Ivkns\ ho≠pw hmbn° - p-tºmƒ' Hcp tIcf

temI-ØmsI Db¿∂ph- c p∂ km{am- P yXz hncp≤hnImc-ßsf XWp- ∏ n- ° m\pw Cu tKmfw Xs∂ ssI∏n-Snbn-sem-Xp-°m\pw AXnhn-]p-e-amb X{¥-ß-fm-hnjv I - c n- ° p∂ apX- e mfnØ GP≥kn-I-fpsS ap{Zm-hm-Iy-ß-fmWv "am¿Iv k nkw acn®p', "Ncn{Xw Ah- k m- \ n®p' XpS-ßn-b-h. CXv ÿm]ns®-Sp-°p-hm-\p≈ {]NcW kmln-Xy-Øn¬ Cu ]pkvXIhpw Dƒs∏-SpØm-sa-∂-Xn-\m¬ CXns‚ {]-NmcI-cpsS Xm¬]cyw (A-h-Im-i-a√) tNmZyw sNø-s∏-tS-≠Xmhp∂p! 4

imkv{X kmlnXy ]cn-jØv 2003 Pqembv amkw {]kn-≤o-I-cn® "am¿Ivkns\ ho≠pw hmbn-°p-tºmƒ' F∂ tPm\m-Y≥ thmƒ^ns‚ ]pkvXIw AXns‚ D≈-S-°-Øns‚ {]m[m\yw sIm≠v N¿®-sN-øp-hm≥ tbmKy-a-s√∂v Adn-bm-sa¶nepw AXns‚ {]km-[-Icpw {]Nm-c-Icpw H∏w hnh¿Ø-I\pw tIc-fØns‚ kmaqly Pohn-XØn¬ CS-s]Sp-Ibpw kzm[o\w sNepØpIbpw sNøp--∂-h-cm-sW-∂-Xn-\m¬ Hcp N¿® A\nhm-cy-am-hp-I-bm-Wv. ]cn-j-Øns‚ ImgvN-∏m-Sp-Iƒ cq]o-I-cn-°p∂-Xn¬ Cu ]pkvX-I-Øns‚ Ah-Xm-c-I-\mb tUm. Fw. ]n. ]c-ta-iz-c\ - p≈ ÿm\w tNmZyw sNø-s∏-Sm-\m-hm-ØX - mWv F∂Xn-\m¬ CXneqsS {]k-cn∏n-°p∂ Bi-b-ßsf°pdn®v Kuc-hX-c-amb Hcp Btem-N\ \n¿_-‘-am-hp-∂p. BtKm-f-h¬°-cW-Øn\pw IpØ-I-ap-X-em-fn-Ø-Øn-\p-sa-Xn-sc Bflhnizm-ktØmsS t]mcm-Sp-I-bpw, Hcp _Z¬ kmaqlyhyh-ÿ-sb-°pdn®v {]Xo-£m]q¿Δw Nn¥n-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂-h¿ temI P\kw-Jy-bpsS t\¿]-Ip-Xn-sb-¶n-ep-ambn Xo¿∂n-cn°p∂ Cu Ncn{X L´-Øn¬ tkmjy-en-k-sØbpw am¿Ivkn-k-sØbpw kwl-cn°p∂ ZuXyw Gs‰-Sp-°p∂ Hcp ]pkvX-I-Øn\v h≥ "{]m[m\yw' D≠m-hpI kzm`mhnIw am{Xw. km{am-P y-Xz-Øns‚ A[n-\n-thi X{¥-߃°v A[n-\n-th-iØ - ns‚ apJ-an-s√-∂pw, AXv Hcp kzm`mhnI a\p-jym-h-ÿ-bm-sW∂pw Cu ]pkvXIw ]®-bmbn ]d-bptºmgpw km{amP yXz hncp-≤X - b - psS sXm∏n-bmWv {KŸIm-c\pw hnh¿Ø-I\pw AWn-™n-cn°p-∂s - X∂-Xn-\m¬ {]iv\w k¶o¿Æam-hp-I-bmWv. temI-ØmsI Db¿∂p-h-cp∂ km{am-P yXz hncp≤hnImc-ßsf XWp-∏n-°m\pw Cu tKmfw Xs∂ ssI∏n-Sn-bn-sem-Xp-°m\pw AXn-hn-]p-ea- mb X{¥-ßf - m-hn-jvIc - n-°p∂ apX-em-fnØ GP≥knI-fpsS ap{Zm-hm-Iy-ß-fmWv "am¿Ivknkw acn®p', "Ncn{Xw Ahkm-\n®p' XpS-ßn-b-h. CXv ÿm]n-s®-Sp-°p-hm-\p≈ {]N-cW kmln-Xy-Øn¬ Cu ]pkvXIhpw Dƒs∏-Sp-Øm-sa-∂-Xn-\m¬ CXns‚ {]-NmcI-cpsS Xm¬]cyw (A-h-Im-i-a-√) tNmZyw sNøs∏-tS-≠X - mhp∂p! apX-em-fn-ØØ - n\v _Z-ep-s≠∂pw AXv ]t£ tkmjy-en-k-a-s√∂pw Dd-∏n®v ]d-bp-∂-h¿ Xo¿®-bmbpw apX-emfn-ØØns‚ _‘p-°-fm-Wv. tkmjy-en-k-sam-gnsI Hcp _Zepw apX-em-fnØ Nqj-WsØ B{I-an-°p-Itbm Iog-S° - p-Itbm sNøp∂n-s√-∂-Xn-\m¬ "_Z-ep-I-fpsS {]hmlw' (There is more alternatives) Nqj-W-Øn\v IqSp-X¬ kuIcyw Hcp°p-sa∂v ]ecpw a\ n-em-°p-∂n-s√-¶n-epw, apX-em-fnØw Xncn-®-dn-bp-∂p≠v. tkmjyenÃv _Z¬ ambv®p If-bm\pw "am¿Ivknkw Hcp hymtam-l'-amsW∂v Dd-∏n-°m\pw am¿Ivkns\ ho≠pw ho≠pw hmbn-°p-∂Xv  PEOPLE AGAINST GLOBALISATION

BtKm- f - h ¬°- c - W - Ø n- s \- X nsc P\- ß ƒ


_Z¬ tkmjy-en-k-am-Wv, F¥p-sIm≠v?

sIme-]m-X-I-Øns‚ Npcp-f-gn-bp∂p ! AP-b-tLmjv Hcp ]pXnb Imcy-a-√. am¿Ivkn-ksØ Ah-K-Wn®p sIm≠v AXns‚ acWw Dd∏m°p-∂-Xn-t\°mƒ ^e-{]-Z-amb coXn AXns\ hnNm-cW sNbvXv sIm√p-I-bm-sW∂ Xncn-®dnhv CXns‚ cN-bn-Xm-hn\pw Ah-Xm-c-I\pw Ds≠∂v ]d-tb-≠n-hcp∂Xv Hcp "\memw temI' A\p-_-‘w-IqSn CXn-\p-s≠∂v sXfn-bp-tºm-gm-Wv. ""ssN\bn¬ F¥p-Xcw Cu am¿IvknÃv sIme-]m-X-IØn\v tUm. Fw. ]n. ]c-ta-iztkmjy-en-ka - m-Wp-≈Xv? c≥ \¬Ip∂ k¿´n-^n°‰v ]pkvX-IØns‚ Ah-km\w ssN\okv Iayq-WnÃv ]m¿´n ]dtN¿Øncn-°p∂ "c≠v hm°p-If - n¬' \ap°v hmbn°mw. ""]pXnbp-∂Xv am¿°‰v tkmjy-en-k-sasbmcp temIw Bh-iy-amWv, km[y-amWv F∂v hniz-kn-°p-∂∂m-Wv. kº-Zvhy-h-ÿ-bn¬ apXh¿°v AXns‚ krjvSn-bn¬ Aaq-ey-amb kw`m-h\ \¬Ipem-fn-Øhpw cmjv{Sob hyh-ÿhm≥, am¿Ivkns‚ Nn¥-Iƒ°v Ign-bp-sa∂v hniz-kn-°p-∂bn¬tkm-jy-en-k-hpw! ]t£,h¿°v thmƒ^ns‚ hmZ-߃ as‰mcp Xc-Øn¬ D]-I-cn-°pw... F√m am¿Ivkn-Ãp-Imcpw Icp-XpAt±lw Db¿Øp- ∂ - h m- Z - ß ƒ ]cn- t im- [ n®pw adp- ] Sn ∂Xv cmjv{So-bsØ \nb-{¥n-°p\¬Inbpw HutZym-Kn-I-am¿Ivkn-Ãp-Im¿ Ah-K-Wn-®n-cp-∂ ∂Xv kº-Zvhy-hÿ b - m-sW-∂m-Wv. am¿Ivkn-b≥ Nn¥-bpsS Nne hi-߃ ]p\x]cn-tim-[n®pw apX-em-fnØ kº-Zvhy-h-ÿ-bpsS ]pXp-temI cN-\-°m-h-iy-amb Icp-°ƒ krjvSn-°m-\p≈ Hcta¬ F{X-Imew tkmjy-en-kh-k-c-amWv thmƒ^ns‚ hna¿i\w \ap°v Xcp-∂Xv...'' Øns‚ `c-W-IqS A[o-Imcw \ne""F∂m¬ DØ-ca- p-Xe - m-fnØ kaqlw Fß-s\-bn-cn-°p-sat∂m, \n¿Øm-\mIpw ? AXv km[y-a-√, F¥m-bn-cn-°W - s - at∂m, Fß-s\-]c - n-h¿Ø\w \S°p-sat∂m Ah¿ sNøp-∂-sXms° ]c-kv]c a\- n-em-°m≥, \tΩ I¿Ω \nc-X-cm-°m≥, B I¿Ω-߃°v hncp-≤-am-Wv. Ct∏m-gn-hnsS imkv{Xo-b-amb ASn-Ød \¬Im≥ am¿Ivkn-k-Øn\v Igntkmjy-en-ka - q-s≠∂v ]d-™m¬ ™n-´n-√, Ign-bp-I-bp-an√ F∂ \nK-a-\-Øn-emWv thmƒ^v kΩ-Xn-°m≥ ]‰n√. ]ptcm-KXn FØnt®¿∂n-cn-°p-∂Xv. aXw, A≤zm-\-aq-ey-kn-≤m-¥w, Ncn-{XF∂p ]d-™m¬ samØw kº]-ca- mb `uXn-Ih - mZw, a\pjy {]IrXw, h¿§-hn-`P - \w, Ipd™p Øns‚ ]ptcm-K-Xn-bmtWm? Gsdhcp∂ em`- \ n- c °v, apX- e mb ASn- ÿ m\ k¶¬∏t∏¿ ]nt∂m´pw Ipd-®p-t]¿ ߃s°m∂pw imkv{Xo-b-amb ASn-Ø-d-bn-s√∂v At±lw apt∂m´pw t]mIp∂ ]ptcm-KXn kYm-]n-°p∂p. C∂sØ Ah-ÿ-sb-°p-dn®v Hs´ms° \nkwicn-b-√''. K-\mWv thmƒ^v...'' (c≠v hm°v IqSn ˛ Fw. ]n. ]c-ta-iz-c≥, Page 115) ""t\mw tNmwkvIn kzbw hnti-jnam¿Ivknk-sa∂ kmaqlnI ˛ kmº-ØnI imkv{X-Øns‚ ∏n-°p-∂Xv Xms\mcp A\m¿°nimkv{Xo-bX apgp-h≥ \ncm-Ic - n-®p-sIm≠v, C∂sØ Ime-tØmSv Ãm-sW-∂m-Wv. A[n-Im-ct- Øm"\nkw-KX' ]pe¿Øp∂ thmƒ^ns‚ ]pkvXIw ]pXp-temI Sp≈ FXn¿∏mWv A\m¿°n-kw. cN\°m-h-iy-amb "Icp-°ƒ' krjvSn-°p-I-bm-sW∂v ]d-bp∂ BXy¥n-I-ambn AXpw IΩyqtUm. ]c-taizc≥ hn`m-h\w sNøp∂ "as‰mcp temIw' apX-emWnkw Xs∂bmWv F∂v {]Jymfn-Ø-Øn-\pffn¬ Xs∂bmsW∂v Npcp°w! ""]pXn-sbmcp ]n°mw. Nn√d hyXym-k-ßtf temIw, ]pXn-sbmcp C¥y'' F∂v ]pkvX-I-Øn-epsS tUm. ]cD≈p...'' ta-izc≥ Xs∂ 1994¬ thmƒ^ns‚ tPmen \n¿Δ-ln-®n-cp-∂pFw. ]n. ]ct aiz-c≥ sh∂v A∂v B ]pkvXIw dnhyq sNbvXp-sIm≠v C.-Fw.-Fkv. Fgp-Xn-bn-cp∂p. ""am¿IvknÃv-Im-cpsS ASn-ÿm-\-]-c-amb  PEOPLE AGAINST GLOBALISATION

BtKm- f - h ¬°- c - W - Ø n- s \- X nsc P\- ß ƒ

5


_Z¬ tkmjy-en-k-am-Wv, F¥p-sIm≠v?

""C∂n-t∏mƒ h¿K-Øns‚ kz`mhw amdn. am¿Ivkv ]d™ Xc-Øn-ep≈ hyh-km-b-ßtfm hyh-kmb coXn-Itfm A√ C∂v D≈-Xv. sXmgn-em-fn-I-fpsS A\p-`-hhpw AX-\p-k-cn-®p≈ Ah-cpsS t_m[hpw amdn. Hmt´m-tam-´ohv hyh-km-bß - ƒ, tdmt_m-´vkv sNbvX hyh-km-b߃ 24 aWn-°q¿ Nen-°p∂ tÃm°v FIvkt- N-©v,C - ˛- K - h¨sa‚ v, C˛-_p-°nwMv XpSßnb C∂sØ kwhn-[m-\ßfn¬, h¿K-ssh-cp≤yw ap≥]-sØ-t∏mse {]I-S-a-√. Hcp henb hyh-km-b-Øn¬ Htc Zpjn® hmbp izkn-®v, Htc b{¥-ß-fpsS i_vZw tI´v ]Wn-sb-Sp-°p-∂-h-cpsS Iq´mbva H∂p thsd-Ø-s∂-bmWv. B Iq´m-bva-°p≈ Ah-kc-߃ C∂n-√. D¬]m-Z-\-co-XnI-fn¬ hyXymkw hcp-∂-Xn-\\p-k-cn®v ]pXnb h¿K-t_m-[ap-≠m-hp∂p. h¿Ksshcp≤yw A{X efn-X-h¬°-cn-°-∏-´n-cn°p∂ ÿnXn-b√ C∂p-≈-Xv. k¶o¿Æ-XI - f - p≠v! sSIvt\m]m¿°n-tebpw tkm^v‰v shb¿ Iº-\n-I-fn-tebpw Bƒ°mcpw ]mSØv ]Wn-sb-Sp-°p-∂-hcpw C∂v sXmgn-em-fn-I-fm-Wv. hcp-am\-Øn¬-Hcp ]mSv A¥-c-ap-≠v. Ch-cp-sS-sb√mw A\p-`hw H∂√. F√m-hcpw Htc h¿KØn¬s∏´-hc - m-sW∂ t_m[w Ah¿°p-X-s∂-bn-√. BtKm-f-Xe-Øn¬ Nqjn-X-cpsS Iq´mbva am¿Ivkns‚ Ime--sØ-°mƒ IqSp-X¬ i‡-am-Wv. Cu Iq´mbva°v temI hym]-I-ambn ]cnlmcw \n¿t±-in-°m-\n-√. F∂m¬ ]cn-lm-c-Øn\v th≠n {ian-°p∂h¿°v ]c-kv]cw a\- n-em-°m≥ Ign-bp-∂p-≠v.'' ˛Fw. ]n. ]c-ta-iz-c≥

6

ho£-W-am-hs´, kmaqly PohnXw km-º-ØnI hyh-ÿ-Iƒ, cmjv{So-b-am-‰-߃ apX-embhbpsS F√mw tI{μ-ÿm-\Øv \n¬°p-∂Xv h¿§ kac kn≤m¥amWv-Xm\pw.... B kn≤m¥sØ sh√p-hn-fn-°p-Ib - mWv {KŸ-Im-c≥ CXn¬ sNøp-∂Xv. ]cn-j-Ønep≈ am¿In-kn-Ãp-Im¿ Cu \ne-]m-Sn-t\mSv tbmPn°p-sa∂v tXm∂p-∂n-√...'' C.-Fw.-F-kv. ˛ tZim-`nam\n hmcnI 1994 Pqembv 16

]pXp-tem-IØns‚ C‘\w C.-F-w.-F-kv. ]d-™-sX-¥m-bm-epw, ]c-ta-izc≥ thmƒ^ns‚ Z¿i-\sØ "]pXp-temI-Øns‚ cN-\-°p≈' C‘-\-ambn ImWp-∂p-sh-∂m-Wt√m ]d-™p-sh®-Xv. ""am\h hntam-N\w F∂p ]d-bp∂-sX-¥mWv..... \n¿`m-Ky-sa∂p ]d-bs´, hy‡-ambn H∂pw Xs∂ AXns\°pdn®v am¿Ivkv ]d-™n-´n√'' thmƒ^v Fgp-Xp-∂p. (t]Pv 42). am\h hntam-N-\-sa∂ H‰ Dt±-ihpw e£yhpw ASn-h-c-bn-Sp∂ {_l-Ømb am¿IvknÃv Z¿i-\-Øn-\mWv Cu hnti-j-W-sa∂v Hm¿°pI! A∂p hsc-bp≈ Zm¿i-\n-I-sc√mw {]]-©sØ hymJym-\n-°pI am{Xw sNbvX-t∏mƒ AXns\ am‰n-Xo¿°phm\p≈ imkv{Xob Z¿i\w Xøm- d m- ° n- b - X ns‚ {IUn‰v am¿Ivkn\v \¬In-bXv apX-em-fnØ Zm¿i-\n-I¿X-s∂-bmWv. A∂p-h-sc-bp≈ a\pjy Pohn-X-Øns‚ kmº-Øn-Ihpw kmaqln-Ihpw kmwkvIm-cn-Ihpw Bb Ncn{XsØ apgp-h≥ Cg-]ncn-s®-SpØv, A[zm-\-Øn\v, Ncn-{XØns‚ apt∂m-´p≈ KXn \n¿Æ-bn-°p-∂-Xn-ep≈ \mb-I-ÿm-\w \nkw-ibw ÿm]n-s®SpØ am¿Ivkn-k-Øn\v hntam-N\w Hc-P-≠ A-√-t]mepw! B[p\nI kaql cq]oI-c-W-Øns‚ ASn-Ød ]Wn-Xp-b¿Ønb hntam-N\ t]mcm-´-ßsf AXns‚ km¶¬]nI `qan-Ibn¬ \n∂pw bYm¿∞-amb A\n-hm-cy-Xb - n-te°v ssI]n-Sn-®p-b¿ØnXv h¿§kac kn≤m-¥hpw, A[zm-\Ø - ns‚ imkv{Xo-bamb ÿm\ \n¿Æ-b-hp-am-bn-cp-∂p-sh∂v Ign™ H∂c \q‰m-≠ns‚ temIN-cn{Xw sXfn-bn-®n-´p-≈XmWv. temI-amsI Aeb-Sn-®p-b¿∂ tImf\n hncp≤ t]mcm-´-ß-fp-w, cmjv{S-ß-fpsS hntam-N-\hpw, F¥n\v ]e en_-d¬ apX-em-fnØ Bi-b-߃ t]mepw, tkmhnb‰v hnπ-hØ - ns‚ krjvSn-bm-sW∂Xv Ncn-{X-kX - yamWv F¶nepw a\p-jy-hn-tam-N-\-Øns‚ KmYbpw imkv{X-hp-amb am¿IvknksØ, "hntam-N-\-sØ-°p-dn®v an≠mØ' Z¿i-\-sa-∂mWv thmƒ^v hne-bn-cp-Øp-∂Xv. ""imkv{Xw A[zm\w, A[zm\w kºØv'' F∂ ap{Zm-hmIyw hnfn®p \S°p-Ibpw A°mcyw ÿm]n-s®-Sp-°p∂ ]pkvX-I-߃ hn‰p \S-°p-Ibpw sNbvXncp∂h¿ Xs∂-bmWv (""A[zm-\-aqey kn≤m¥w ÿm]n-s®-Sp°m≥ am¿Ivkn\v Ign-™n-√... Ht´sd kmº-ØnI imkv{X⁄≥am¿ C-Xns\ X≈n-I-f-bp-∂p. am¿Ivkn-kvddv kmº-ØnI imkv{XIm-c≥am¿t]mepw Ah-km-\w CtX \nK-a-\-Øn¬ FØn-tN¿∂p'') (t]Pv-˛105) A[zm-\-Øn\v Hcp aqey-hp--an-s√∂v {]N-cn-∏n-°p-∂X - v. Cßs\ I√p-sh® \pW-Ifpw hnSp-hm-bØ - hpw AS- ß nb am¿IvknÃv hncp≤ kmln- X yw ]cn- j - Ø nse am¿IvknÃvIm¿°p-t]mepw kzoIm-cy-am-hp-∂Xv F¥p-sIm≠v F∂Xv {]tXyIw ]cn-tim-[n-t°≠ hnj-b-am-Wv. (]cn-j-Øn¬ am¿Ivknkw ]c-ta-iz-c-\n-eq-sS-bm-Wt√m {]k-cn-°p-∂-Xv. alØmb Hcp kwL-S-\sb At±lw sslPm°v sNøp-I-bm-bn cp∂p F∂v Npcp-°w.) PEOPLE AGAINST GLOBALISATION

BtKm- f - h ¬°- c - W - Ø n- s \- X nsc P\- ß ƒ


_Z¬ tkmjy-en-k-am-Wv, F¥p-sIm≠v?

C\n hntam-N\w AXym-hi - y-am-sW-¶n¬ AXn\v am¿Ivkn-ktam h¿§-k-a-ctam H∂pw Bh-iy-an-s√-∂pw thmƒ^v Fgp-Xp∂p≠v :˛ ""Fß-s\-bmWv hnπhw \S-°pI F∂v am¿Ivtkm FwK¬tkm Fhn-sSbpw ]d-™n-´n√.... At∏mƒ Hcp kzm`mhnI ]cn-Wma^e-am-bmWv IΩyq-Wnkw hcp-∂Xv.... BcpsSbpw t_m[-]q¿Δ-ap≈ CS-s]-S¬ sIm≠-√.'' (t]Pv 85) Nqj-Ws - a∂ hm°v t]mepw Ncn-{X-Øn¬ \n∂v ambv® - p-If - b - p∂ Cu ]WvUn-X≥ apX-em-fn-Ø-Øns‚ K¿`]m{X-Øn¬ \n∂v Xs∂ AXns‚ A¥-I-\mb h¿§w Db¿∂p-h-cp-sa∂p≈ am¿IvknÃv \nK-a-\-tØmSv kmam-\y-bp‡n sIm≠p t]mepw s]mcp-Xp∂n-√. shdpsX {]kvXm-h\ Cd°n c£-s∏-Sp-I-bmWv. t_m[- ] q¿Δ- a mb CS- s ]- S - e n- √ msX kzm`m- h n- I - a mbn- c q]s∏´XmWv ^yqU-en-khpw apX-em-fn-Ø-hp-sa∂v thmƒ^v Iq´ntN¿°p∂p. ka-Xz-Øn\pw \oXn°pw kzmX-¥y-Øn\pw th≠n ]nS-™p-ac - n-®h - c - p-sS-sb√mw s\©n¬ Ibdn \n∂p sIm≠mWv Cu ]cnlm-kw. `mhn-sb-°p-dn-®p≈ ]mN-I-Ip-dn-∏p-Iƒ Xømdm-°pI Xs‚ ZuXy-a-s√∂v am¿Ivkv ]d-™n-´p-≈-Xn-s\ thmƒ^v Xs‚ hmZ-Øn\v ]n≥_-e-ambn Fgp-∂-≈n-°p-∂p-≠v. Xs‚ Z¿i\w, Hmtcm ImeØpw tZiØpw {]mtbm-Kn-I-amt°-≠Xv AXmXn-SsØ `uXn-Ihpw Bfl-\n-jvThp-amb kmlN-cy-߃°\p-kc - n-®m-bn-cn-°W - s - a-∂mWv am¿Ivkv- Fgp-Xn-bXv. "CXv `mhn-bpsS Z¿i-\-amWv ]mN-I-Ip-dn-∏√' F∂v {]Jym-]n® am¿Ivkns\ "`mhn-tb-°p-dn-®v an≠mØ Bsf∂v ' hne-bn-cpØp∂ Ch-tcmSv kl-X-]n-°p-Itb hgn-bp-≈p. t_m[-]q¿Δ-amb CS-s]-Se - p-If - n¬ hym]r-Xc - m-bn-cn-°p∂hcpsS tPmen-sb√mw hy¿∞-am-sW∂Xn-\m¬ \ap-°n\n {]m¿∞n°msa-∂mWv thmƒ^v ]d-bp-∂-Xv. hntam-N-\-sØ-°p-dn®v am{X-a√ aX- t Ø- ° p- d n®v ]d- b p- t ºmgpw am¿Ivkn\v sX‰nbs{X! ""am¿Ivkn\v XpS-°-Ønte sX‰p ]‰n... Hcp ssZh-ap-≠v. At±l-amWv \tΩ k - r-jvSn-®Xpw, Xs∂ Bcm-[n-°m≥ I¬∏n-®Xpw. A`ykvXhnZycpw _p≤n-im-en-If - p-amb ]e a\p-jycpw CXv hnizkn-°p∂p F∂Xv A¬`pXw Xs∂-bm-Wv. ]t£ CXv icnbm-sW-¶n¬ am¿Ivkns‚ BZy NphSv Xs∂ ]ng-®n-cn-°p∂p'' Kw`ocw Xs∂ Cu \nK-a\w (Page 95) "aX-Øn-s\-Xn-cmb kacw aXsØ krjvSn°p-Ibpw Bh-iyam-°p-Ibpw sNøp∂ hyh-ÿn-Xn-s°-Xn-cmb ka-c-am-bn-cn-°W-'sa∂ am¿Ivkns‚ bp‡nkl-amb \nK-a-\sØ Cbmƒ t\cn-Sp∂ imkv{XobcoXn ]c-ta-iz-c\pw kzoIm-cy-am-hp-∂p. A\y-h¬°-c-Wsa∂ im]-Øn\v aX-amWv acp-s∂∂pw Cu im]w apX-em-fn-Ø-Øn¬ am{X-a√ IΩyq-Wn-kØn¬t∏mepw D≠m-hm-sa∂pw ]pkvXIw Iq´n-t®¿°p-∂p. ""A\y-h¬IrX A[zm-\sØ am¿Ivkv apX-em-fnØ kºØv hyh-ÿ-bp-ambn Iq´n LSn-∏n-°p∂p-s≠-¶nepw apX-em-fn-Ø-am-bn-cn-°-W-sa-∂n√ ImcWw.... Atß-b‰w b{¥h¬Ir-X-amb GXv D¬∏m-Z\ {]{Inb-bnepw, AXv IΩyq-Wn-k-Øn-em-bmepw th≠n√, A\yh¬°-cWw kw`-hn-°mw''. Npcp-°-Øn¬ A\y-h¬°-c-WØn\v NnIn¬k-bn√. AXv sIm≠v apX-em-fn-ØsØ shdpsX hnSpI! ]pkvX-I-Øns‚ e£yw CXp-X-s∂.  PEOPLE AGAINST GLOBALISATION

BtKm- f - h ¬°- c - W - Ø n- s \- X nsc P\- ß ƒ

""Cu kμ¿`-Øn¬ ]m¿´n-°p≈n¬ XpS¿®-bmb Hcp hnπ-hØn-s‚bpw \nc-¥-c-amb am‰Øn-s‚bpw kn≤m¥w {][m-\am-hp-I-bt√? "BZ¿i-hm-Znbmb Iayq-Wnkv‰v 'F∂ Bibw C¥y-bnse IayqWnÃv ]m¿´n-I-fn¬ kzm[o-\ap-≈ t\Xm-°fm¬ ]cn-l-kn°-s∏-Sp∂p F∂p ]dbmtam''? ""sXmgn-em-fn-h¿K `c-W-Iq-Sßfpw (A-h-bpsS ]m¿´n-I-fpw) Gsd-°psd Agn-a-Xn-°m-cm-bncn-°p-∂s - X-¥p-sIm≠v? bYm¿∞ P\m-[n-]-Xy-Øns‚ A`m-h-amtWm AXn\v ImcWw?'' ""sXmgn-em-fn-h¿K k¿hm-[n-]Xyw F∂ k¶¬]w Ct∏mgpw icnbmtWm''? ""Iayq-WnÃv sXmgn-em-fn-h¿§]m¿´n kwL-S-\-Iƒ NqÆmºp-t]mse I´-]n-Sn-°p-Ibpw Ab-hn√mbva ImWn-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂p. CXv P\-Iob {]ÿm-\-Øns‚ hf¿®bv°v XS- -am-bn-Øo¿∂n´p-t≠m''? ]m¿´n-t\-Xr-Xzhpw ]m¿´n-bpsS t\Xr-t{i-Wnbpw C{]-Im-ca - mbn-Øo-cp-Ibpw _m°n-sb√mw AXn\v A\p-_-‘-am-bn-Øocp-I-bp-amtWm sNøp-∂Xv''? ""Du¿P-kz-eamb P\-Iob {]ÿm-\ß - ƒ-˛k - m-ºØ - n-I, kmwkvIm-cn-I, cmjv{Sob {]ÿm-\-߃˛ Ah F{X kzX-{¥-am-bn-cp-∂mepw ASnØ-´n¬ \n∂p≈ s]m´n-sØ-dnaqew kwL-S-\bpw ]m¿´n-L-S\bpw s]m´n-Ø-I-cnt√''? Fw. ]n. ]c-ta-iz-c≥ 7


_Z¬ tkmjy-en-k-am-Wv, F¥p-sIm≠v?

tkmjy-en-ka√ "CS°me k¿Δm-[n-]Xyw'

BZ¿i-hm-Zn-bmb Iayq-WnÃv {]tbm-Khm-Zn-bmb Iayq-WnÃv F∂n-h-sb-∏‰n F√m Iayq-Wnkv‰v ]m¿´n-I-fnepw hmZ{]-Xn-hm-Z-ß-fp-≠m-bn-´p-≠v. Cu ka-cØn¬ BZ¿i-hm-Zn-bmb Iayq-Wn-kv‰v C√m-Xm-bn. kwL-S\m]-c-ambn Po¿WXbpw auen-I-hm-Zhpw aqew ]m¿´n kzbw A[x-]-Xn-®-Xn-\m-em-W-Xv. {]tbm-K-hm-Zn-bmb Iayq-WnÃv \ne-\n∂p. Abmƒ IqSp-X¬ {]tbm-K-hm-Zn-bmbn. HSp-hn¬ Pe-Ønse a’yw F∂Xn\p ]Icw Pew Xs∂-bm-bn. kaqlsØ \bn-t°≠ Iayq-Wn-kvdvdp-Imc≥ kaq-l-Øn-sem-cmƒ am{X-am-bn-am-dn. icn-bt√? ""AXv (_q¿jzm Ime-L´- w) h¿K sshcßsf IqSp-X¬ efn-X-am-°n-bn-cn-°p-∂p. kaq-l-am-sI-Øs∂ c≠v Kw`oc i{Xp]m-fbßfmbn, ]c-kv]cw t\cn´v A`nap-J-ambn \n¬°p∂ c≠v henb h¿Kß-fm-bn, IqSp-X¬ IpSp-X¬ ]nf¿∂p-sIm≠n-cn-°p-Ib - m-Wv. _q¿jzm-knbpw sXmgnemfn h¿Khpw'' CXv icn-bm-tWm? CXv A{X efn-X-amtWm? C¥y-bnse PmXnhy-h-ÿ-sb-]-‰nbpw aXw, tZio-b-X, enwK-t`Zw F∂n-h-sb-∏-‰nbpw F¥p-]dbpw ? ""- ` n- j - K z- c - s \bpw A`n`m- j - I - s \bpw ]ptcm-ln-X-s\bpw Ihn-sbbpw imkv{XP-R-s\-bp-sa√mw ^mIvS-dn-sXm-gn-emfnbpw I¿j-Is - Øm-gn-em-fnbpw Xm¬°menI sXmgn-em-fn-bp-a-S-ßp∂ al-Ømb sXmgn- e m- f n- h ¿K- Ø n- e pƒs∏- S ptam? Ch¿s°√mw Htc h¿K-t_m-[-amtWm ? AXv km[y-amtWm? ""sXmgn-em-fn-h¿K-Øn\v kz¥w Nß-es°-´p-If - √ - msX as‰m∂pw \jvSs - ∏-Sm-\n√ '' icn-bmtWm? Fw. ]n. ]c-ta-iz-c≥

8

Cu ]pkvX-I-Øn¬ Fhn-sSbpw tkmjy-enkw F∂ kmaqly kwhn-[m\ {Ia-sØ-°p-dn®v thmƒ^v an≠p-∂n√. apX-em-fn-ØØn¬ \n∂v t\sc IΩyqWnkØn-te-°mWv am¿Ivkv. temIsØ sIm≠p-t]m-Im-\m-{K-ln-®-sX-∂mWv hnh-£. ""IΩyq-Wn-kØ - n¬ Fß-s\-bmWv temI-sa∂v ]dbm≥ am¿Ivkn-s\m´v Ign-bp-∂p-an-√''. ]pkvXIw ]d-bp∂p. ""apX-em-fnØw XI-cp-tºmƒ X¬ÿm-\Øv IΩyq-Wnkw Xs∂ hc-W-sa-∂pt≠m...? AXn-s\-¥mWv \ymbo-IcWw? ]e-X-hW Bh¿Øn-®p-]-d-™-Xp-sIm-≠m-bn-√.... F¥p sXfn-hmWv am¿Ivkv apt∂m´v hbv°p-∂Xv? GsXmcp kºZv LS-\bpw Imew sN√p-tºmƒ D¬∏mZ\ i‡n-I-fpsS hf¿®bv°v hnLm-X-am-bn-Xocpw. ]t£ IΩyq-Wn-ksØ At±lw AXn¬ \n∂v Hgn-hm°n. F¥p-sIm≠v apX-em-fnØw imizXam-bn-°qSm? apX-emfn-Ø-Øn\v Hcp XpS-°-ap-≠m-bn-cp∂p F∂Xp sIm≠v AXn\v Hc¥yw D≠m- b n- c n- ° W- s a∂ hmZw \ne\n¬°n√''. (t]Pv 102) km{am-P yXz Nqj-WØ - ns‚ ]c-tIm-Sn-bn¬ Cßs\ {]Jym]n-°p∂ ]pkvX-I-Øn\v apX-em-fnØw I¬∏n-°p∂ aqeyw F{X-bp-≠m-hp-sa∂v Duln-°p-I. "imiz-X-amb' apX-emfnØ hyh-ÿ-bn¬ as‰m-cp-temIw ]Wn-bm≥ Icp-°ƒ A\- h [n Hfn™p InS- ° p- ∂ p- s h∂v ]d- b p∂ Cu ]pkvXIw \n¿Δ-ln-°p∂ ZuXy-sØ-°p-dn®v C\nbpw kwi-b-ap-s≠-¶n¬ AXv ]c-ta-iz≥ Xs∂ Xs‚ Nne tNmZy-߃ sIm≠v Xo¿Øv Xcp-∂p≠v! CS°me k¿hm[n-]-XysØ Fßs\ Db¿∂ Xc-Øn-ep≈ P\m-[n-]-Xyam°mw.....? Fw. ]n. ]-c-ta-izc≥ tNmZn-°p∂p ""1930-I-fn¬ Xs∂ temIØv IΩyq-Wnkw \S-∏m-°m-ambn-cp∂p F∂mWv ]c-ta-iz-c≥ ]d-bp-∂-Xv. IqSmsX "tI{μo-Ic - W - sØ CS-°me kw{I-aW - L - ´- a- mtb am¿Ivkv I≠p≈q AXv Zo¿Ln-∏n-®X - ns‚ Zpjn-∏mWv tkmjy-enÃv ]cm-P-b-Øns‚ ImcWw'' (t]Pv 127) F¥m-Wo- "CS°mekm-[\w' F∂mhpw \n߃ kwi-bn-°p-∂Xv apXem-fn-ØØ - n\pw IΩyq-Wn-kØn-\p-an-Sbnep≈ ]cn-h¿Ø\ L´w F∂v am¿Ivkv hnfn® tkmjy-en-k-amWv ]c-ta-izcs‚ "CS°me k¿Δm-[n-]Xyw' F∂-dn-bp-I. tkmjy-en-ksa-∂p≈ hm°p-t]mepw IrXy-ambn am‰n Fgp-Xp∂ ]c-taiz-c≥ 1988 ¬ ]cn-jØ - ns‚ imkv{X-amkw ¢m nse "\mfsØ temIw' tkmjy-en-k-am-sW∂v AWn-Isf ]d™p ]Tn-∏n® BfmWv. tkmjy-enÃv XI¿®-tbmsS "amXrIm temIw' ssItamiw hcp-Ibpw Hcp imkv{Xob ASn-Ø-dbp-an-√mØ "as‰mcp temIw' kz¥w kn≤m-¥-ambn XocpIbpw sNbvXp. `uXnI kar-≤n-bpsS A{X-Xs∂ {][m--\at√ `uXn-tIXc kar-≤nbpw? Bflob kar-≤n-bpsS hf¿® F∂Xpw Hcp e£y-am-bn-IqsS...? ]c-ta-iz-c≥ ho≠pw tNmZn-°p∂p.  PEOPLE AGAINST GLOBALISATION

BtKm- f - h ¬°- c - W - Ø n- s \- X nsc P\- ß ƒ


_Z¬ tkmjy-en-k-am-Wv, F¥p-sIm≠v?

sIm≈mw, AXn-\t√ as‰mcp temI-sa-∂m¿Øp-hnfn-°p∂ tkmjy¬ t^md-ß-sfms° Ah-X-cn-®n-cn°p-∂Xv "CS°me k¿Δm-[n-]-Xyw' Dt]-£n®v apX-emfn-Ø-Øn\v imiz-X-amb `mhn Dd-∏n-°m≥ Bflob kar-≤nsIm-≠m-hp-sa-∂v {io ]c-ta-iz-c≥ I-s≠Øptºmƒ H∂p-d∏ - n°mw : Cu imkv{X-Im-c\v Atacn-°b - ntem Aar-Xm-\μ-aboaT-Øn-tem A`bw In´pw! ]s£ kmaq-ly-hn-π-h-Øn\v imkv{XsØ Bbp-[am-°p-hm≥ {ian-°p∂ Hcp \nc a\p-jy¿ ]cn-j-Ønep-≠t√m Ah¿°v Cu Bflob kar-≤n-tb-°p-dn®v F¥m-W-`n-{]mbw F∂Xv {][m\-s∏´ Hcp tNmZyamWv. Ah¿ \ne-]mSv hy‡-am-t°≠ Nne Imcy߃IqSn Cu ]pk-XvI-Øn-ep-≠v. A[zm\w Hcp kmº-ØnI {]h¿Ø-\-a-s√∂pw an® aqey-Øns‚ (em-`-Øn-s‚) Dd-hnSw A[zm-\-a-s√∂pw AXp- s Im≠v Xs∂ an®aqeykn≤m¥w sX‰msW∂pw; "NqjWw sNø-s∏-Sp∂' sXmgn-emfn Fs∂m-∂ns√∂pw Cu ]pkvXIw hf®p sI´n-√msX DZvtLm-jn-°p-∂p. tkmjy-enkw AXns‚ hnI-ea- mb Bhn-jvImcw sIm≠√ Z¿i-\-Øns‚ Xs∂ ]nghp sIm≠mWv XI¿∂-sX∂pw ]pkvXIw ]d-bp∂p. am¿Ivkn-b≥ Ncn-{X-ho-£W - hpw A¿∞imkv{Xhpw Aim-kv{Xo-ba- mb k¶¬∏-ßf - m-sW∂v ASn-hc - b - n´v {]Jym-]n-°p-∂p. apX-em-fnØw imiz-X-ambn \ne\n¬°n- s √∂v ÿm]n- ° m≥ Icp- ° - s fm∂pw am¿IvknÃv Z¿i-\-Ønepw {]tbm-K-Ønepw Cs√∂v Dd-∏n-°p∂p. C°m-c-W-߃ sIm≠v Xs∂ Ncn-{XØns‚ A¥yhpw am¿Ivkn-kØ - ns‚ ac-Whpw kw`hn®p Ign™psh∂p≈ thmƒ^n-s‚bpw ]c-ta-izc-s‚bpw \nK-a\ - Ø - ns‚ ]n∂nse "imkv{Xo-bX' hniZo-I-cn°m-≥ ]cn-j-Øp-Im¿°v _m[y-X-bp-≠v. ""Hcn-°¬ ÿm]n-®m¬t∏mepw IΩyq-Wn-k-Øn\v \ne-\n¬°m-\m-hn√. ImcWw a\p-jy≥ auen-Ia- mbpw kzm¿∞n-bmWv. apX-em-fnØw km[y-am-Ip-∂Xv AXp-sIm-≠mWv. a‰p-≈-h-cpsS Xm¬]-cyw ad∂v kz¥w Xm¬]cyw kwc£n°m-\p≈ kl-Ph - m-k\ a\p-jy-\p≠v '' (t]Pv 109) F∂mWv thmƒ^v Cu ]pkvX-I-Øn¬ ]d-bp-∂-Xv. a\pjykwkvIm-c-Øn-s‚bpw am\-hn-I-X-bp-sSbpw alXzw AwKo- I - c n- ° p- I bpw AXn- \ mbn kzbw ka¿∏n-°p-Ibpw sNøp∂hcpsS apºn¬ klPamb arKXrjvW sIm≠v "_Z¬kaqlw' sI´n-∏Sp-°p-∂-Xn-s\-°p-dn®v hmNm-e-am-Ip-∂-Xns‚ s]mcpfpw ]cn-jØv hni-Zo-Ic - n-t°-≠X - p-≠v. As√-¶n¬ Ncn{X-Øns‚ A¥y-a√ "P\-Iob imkv{X'Øns‚ Hcp kzm`m-hnI A¥y-amWv Imew Ah¿°v \¬Im≥ t]mhp-∂-Xv-. AXv {]kvXpX kwL-S\m t\Xm°ƒ°√ tIc- f - Ø nse ss[j- W nI ]mc- º - c y߃°mWv apdn-hp-≠m-°p-∂-Xv.  PEOPLE AGAINST GLOBALISATION

BtKm- f - h ¬°- c - W - Ø n- s \- X nsc P\- ß ƒ

"" Hcp ]©m-b-Øn¬ Xmsg ]d-bp∂ Xc-Øn¬s∏´ Hcp kwLw Bfp-Iƒ hnNm-cn-®m¬ CXv ]co-£n®p t\m°m-hp-∂-Xm-Wv. Irjn-°m¿, tUmIvS¿am¿, I¿j-Is - Øm-gn-em-fn-Iƒ, t\gvkp-am¿, ]©m-bØv Poh-\-°m¿, \n¿ΩmW sXmgn-em-fn-Iƒ, h°oe≥am¿, A[ym-]-I¿, I¬]-Wn-°m¿, amthen tÃmdp-Iƒ, {]mtZ-inI hyhkm-bn-Iƒ, Bim-cn-am¿, \oXn-tÃm-dpIƒ, CIv{So-jy≥am¿ CØ-c-°m-cpsS Bbn-ctam c≠m-bn-ctam hcp∂ Hcp kwL-ap-≠m-°p-I-bm-sW-¶n¬ Nc-°v, tkh\w F∂n-h-bpsS D¬]m-Z-\hpw hn\n-a-bhpw Ipsd-sbms° Ah¿-°n-Sbn¬Xs∂ k¥p-en-X-s∏-Sp-Øm-hp-∂-XmWv. Ign-bm-hp-∂{X Nc-°p-I-fp-sSbpw B`y-¥-c- (]-©m-b-Øn-\-I-sØ-) D¬]mZ\w h¿≤n-∏n-°p-Ibpw kwL-Øn¬ s]´-h¿ Ah am{Xta hmßq F∂v Dd∏p hcp-Øp-I-bp-amWv sNøm-hp-∂-Xv. Xt±-io-b-ambn CXn\v {]tXyIw A®Sn® Id≥kn-bp-≠m-°mw.'' ""1917¬ \S∂ djy≥ hnπ-h-Øn-eqsS Bcw-`n® tI-{μo-IrX tkmjy-en-kØn¬ B`y-¥-ca-- mb Nne sshcp-≤y-ßfp-≠m-bn-cp-∂p-sh∂pw; Aan-Xa - mb tI{μo-Ic - W - hpw P\m-[n-]X - y-Øn-s‚bpw P\-]¶ - m-fn-ØØ - n-s‚bpw A`m-hhpw; ]m¿´n htcWy h¿Kw cq]w sIm≠psh∂pw; Ah-cmWv tkmjy-enÃv ]co£-WsØ ]cm-Pb - s - ∏-Sp-Øn-bs - X∂pw A√msX tkmjy-en-kØ - ns‚ a’-cØn\v hn]-co-Xa - mb kl-Ic - W - Ø - ns‚ BXy-¥n-Ia - mb Zu¿_-ey-ßf - s - √∂pw \mw AwKo-Ic - n-°p-∂p-sh-¶n¬; ]pXnsbmcp tkmjy-enkv‰v ]co-£W - Ø - n\p ]q¿W-amb P\-]¶ - m-fn-Øt- ØmSp IqSnbXpw hntI-{μo-Ir-Xh - p-amb P\m-[n-]Xy tkmjy-enÃv ]co-£W - Ø - n\v \mw Xømdm-tI-≠n-bn-cn-°p-∂p. tIc-fØ - n¬ Ct∏mƒ \S-°p∂ P\-Io-bm-kq-{XW {]ÿm-\sØ Cu ]co-£W - Ø - ns‚ Hcp LS-Ia - mbn ImW-Ww. tIcfw ]pXnb tkmjy-enÃv ]co-£W - Ø - ns‚ Kth-jW ime-bm-Wv, Hcp ]pXnb \memw temI-Øn-te-°p≈ ]cn-h¿Ø-\Øns‚ ]Wn-∏pcbmWv' hntI-{μo-Ir-X P\m-[n-]Xyw tIc-fØ - n¬ 1955-˛98 Fw. ]n. ]c-ta-iz-c≥ 9


_Z¬ tkmjy-en-k-am-Wv, F¥p-sIm≠v?

""B[p-\nI BtKm-fh¬°rX apX-em-fnØw sXmgn-em-fn-I-fn¬ ]escbpw sXmgn-en¬ \n∂p hen-s®-dn-bp∂p. Iqen IqSp-X-ep≈ taJ-e-bnse hyh-km-b-߃ ]q´n-bn´v B hyhkmb ime-bnse s{]m^j-W-ep-Iƒ AS°w F√m hn`mKw Poh-\-°mscbpw s]cp-h-gn-bn-em°n apX-emfn Iqen Ipd™ Zn°n-te°v hyh-kmbw sIm≠p-t]m-Ip-∂p. F√m-Øcw sXmgnem-fn-I-sfbpw Htc-t]mse hnj-a-Ønem-°p-∂p. ]pXp-Xmbn hyh-kmbw ÿm]n® cmPysØ h¿K-k-acw aq¿—n-®m¬ ]q´epw ]dn-®p-\Sepw Ahn-sSbpw Bh¿Øn-°pw. As√¶n¬ a‰p-am¿K-ß-fn-epsS sXmgn-em-fn-IfpsS B\q-Iq-ey-߃ sh´n-°p-d-s®∂p-h-cmw. CØcw \S-]-Sn-I-fn-eqsS sXmgn-em-fn-I-fpsS ]Z-hn-bn-ep≈ hyXym-kw, hcp-am-\-Øn-ep≈ hyXymkw F∂n-h-sb√mw Dcp-In-sbmen-®p-t]mbn, Ah¿ H‰ i‡nbmbn amdp∂p. C¥y-bn-sem-´p°pw tIc-fØnepw CXv Zriy-am-Wv. s]mXp-taJem hyh-km-b-ß-fpsS kzIm-cyh¬°-c-Ww, Iº-\n-Iƒ AS-®p-]q-´¬, k¿°m¿ B∏o-kp-Iƒ \n¿Ø-em°¬, Poh-\°m-cpsS FÆw Ipdbv°¬ F∂nh hnhn[ hn`mKw sXmgn-em-fn-Isf H∂n-∏n-°p-∂p. tbmPn® t]mcm-´-ß-fpsS hgn Xpd-°p∂p. cmjv{So-bhpw kwL-S-\m-]-c-hpamb hyXym-k-߃ t]mepw hgn-am-dp∂p.

IS-]n-gp-sX-dn™v "Im‰pw shfn-®hpw' kzoI-cn-°p∂p am¿Ivkn-Ãp-Im¿°v P\m-[n-]X - y-Øns‚ Im‰pw shfn-®hpw hnX-cWw sNbvXp sIm≠v, Fw. ]n. ]c-ta-iz-c≥ 1994-˛¬ Xp-Sßnsh® "imkv{X s{]mPIvSv' 2004¬ FØp-tºmƒ am¿Ivkn-kØ - ns‚ kºq¿Æ \ntj[-Øn-seØn \n¬°p∂p. am¿Ivkn-ksØ thZ-{]-am-Wß - f- m-°p-∂Xns\ ]cn-lk - n-°p∂ CXnse {]km-[I°pdn∏v lcw ]I-cp-∂X - mWv. F∂m¬ H´pw imkv{Xo-bX - b - n-√msX, km¶¬∏nI temIØv \n∂psIm≠v thZ-{]-am-Wß - sf A\p-kvac- n-∏n-°p∂ hn[-Øn¬ Xs∂-bmWv Cu ]pkvXIw AXn-_r-lØ - mb Hcp kmaq-ly-imkv{XsØ t\cn-Sp∂Xv. tkmjy-enÃv ]cm-Pb - Ø - ns‚ Imc-Wß - ƒ At\z-jn-°phmt\m imkv{Xo-ba- mbn hni-Ie - \w sNøphmt\m {ian-°msX shdpsX kz]v\w ImWp∂ coXn imkv{X-Øns‚ hgn-bs- √∂pt]mepw Cu A`n-\h imkv{X-Im-c≥am¿ ad-°p∂p. km¶¬∏nI tkmjy-en-ÃvIfpsS "C°m-dnb'Iƒ am¿Ivkns‚ ImeØv Xs∂ {][m-\s- ∏´ Hcp ka-ky-bm-bn-cp-s∂-¶nepw Bbp-jvImew apgp-h≥ ]T-\hpw {]mtbmKnI {]h¿Ø-\hpw \SØn tIhe k¶¬∏-ßsf kPo-ha- mb Ncn{X kXy-am-°n-sb-Sp-°p-Ib - m-Wv, am¿Ivkpw am¿Ivkns‚ XpS¿®-bmbn h∂ s- s[-jWn-Icpw sNbvXXv. tkmjy-en-kØ - ns‚ hnI-ea- mb BhnjvImcw sIm≠v kw`-hn® kzm`m-hnI XI¿® Cu imkv{Xob kn≤m¥-Øns‚ \ncm-Ic - W - Ø - n-te-°mWv ]c-ta-izc≥amsc sIms≠-Øn°p-∂Xv. "as‰mcp temIw' hmKvZm\w sNbvXp sIm≠v sXmgn-emfnh¿KØn\v Ah-Im-is- ∏´ ka-Xzm-[n-jvSnX temIw ]nSn®phmßm≥ {ian°p∂, k¿°m¿ CXc kwL-S\ - I - f- psS (F≥.-Pn.-H.) Acm-jv{Sob t^md߃°v A¬∏w cmjv{Sobw ]I¿∂p \¬Ip- h m≥ IqSn imkv{XkmlnXy]cn-jØ - n\v tijn-bn-s√∂p Cu ]pkvXIØnse Bi-bß - ƒ°v ]n∂n¬ Ah¿ H´n-t®-cp-tºmƒ sXfn-bp-Ib - m-Wv. "h¿§cm-jv{Sobw F∂m¬ Npt°m ]nÆmt°m F∂-dn-bm-Øh - ¿°v', ]c-taiz-c≥ {]N-cn-∏n-°p∂ cmjv{Sobw GXp h¿§-Øn-t‚-Xm-sW∂v a\- nemhns√∂mWv Ch¿ Icp-Xp-∂s- X-¶n¬ sX‰n? AXv a\- n-em-°m≥ tijn-bp≈ [mcmfw km[m-cW - ° - m¿ CS-Xp-]£ - ] - m¿´n-If- n¬ am{Xa√ ]cn-jØn¬ t]mepw Ds≠∂v Cu A`n-\h hnπ-hI - m-cn-Iƒ Hm¿Øncp-∂m¬ \√-Xv. 

C. _mem-\-μ≥

bYm¿∞-Øn¬ apX-em-fnØw BZyw-ap-X¬Xs∂ tZio-b-sa-∂-Xp-t]m-se-Xs∂ km¿h-tZ-io-b-hp-am-bncp-∂p. Nc°v D¬]m-Z-\-amWv apX-em-fn-Øw. Nc°v, Itºmfw tXSn temI-sØ√mw k©-cn-°p-∂p. Ct∏mgpw ÿnXn AXp-Xs - ∂. thK-Xt- b-dn-sb-∂p-am{Xw. temI-_m¶pw sF.-Fw-F^pw W.T.O.b - p-apƒs∏sSbp≈ GP≥kn-Isf km{am-Py-Xz-cm-jv{S-߃ CXn\p≈ D]m-[n-bmbn D]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂p. tZiob cmjv{S-ßfpw tZiob Kh¨sa‚pw tZiob ]´m-f-hp-sam-s° i‡n-bmbn Ct∏mgpw \ne-\n¬°p-I-bm-Wv. tZiob Xe-Øn-ep≈ Nqj-Whpw i‡-am-Wv-. AXp-sIm≠v tZio-bm-Sn-ÿm-\Ø - n-epff {]ÿm-\Ø - n\pw kmaq-ly-hy-ÿa - m-‰m-\p≈ hnπh {]h¿Ø-\-߃°pw tZio-b-X-e-Øn-ep≈ {]m[m\yw Ipd-™n-s√-∂p-am-{X-a√ IqSp-I-bm-Wn-t∏mƒ. AtX-t]mse sXmgn-emfn {]ÿm\w kz¥w A\p-`-h-ß-fn¬ \n∂v ]mTw-]-Tn-®p. Imbn-Im-[zm\w \S-Øp-∂h¿ am{X-a√ _u≤nI {]h¿Ø-\-ß-fn-te¿s∏-´n-cn-°p-∂-hcpw A[ym-]-Icpw _m¶v Poh-\-°mcpw Iº\nsØmgn-em-fn-Ifpw Iºyq-´¿ Bπn-t°‰vkpw A¿[ amt\-P¿amcpw Nne-t∏mƒ amt\-Pa - m¿t]mepw PohnX-ku-I-cy-߃ ]cn-an-X-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂-Xn-s\-Xn-cmbpw sXmgn-en-√m-Xm-°p∂-Xn-s\-Xn-cmbpw apX-em-fnØ sIm≈bpsS hnhn[ ]≤-Xn-Iƒs°-Xn-scbpw IqSp-X¬ kw-L-Sn-X-ambn kac-Øn-te-°p-h-cp∂p. ""tkmjy-enkw As√-¶n¬ acWw'' F∂ ^nsZ¬Imkvt{Sm Db¿Øp∂ ap{Zm-hmIyw {ItaW temI-sØ-ºmSpw A[zm-\n-°p∂-h-cpsS a\- n¬ XosIm-fp-Øn-s°m-≠n-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv. C. _mem-\-μ≥

10

PEOPLE AGAINST GLOBALISATION

BtKm- f - h ¬°- c - W - Ø n- s \- X nsc P\- ß ƒ


_Z¬ tkmjy-en-k-am-Wv, F¥p-sIm≠v?

\memw temI-Øns‚ {]Xyb- i- mkv{X ]cnk- cw -˛ tUm. Sn. sI. cma-N-{μ≥

apt∂m´v h® Bi-b-߃ kw{K-ln®v Xriq-cn¬ tIc-fØ - n¬ an° hnhm-Zß - fpw Gsd tImem-le߃ krjvSntImÃvt^m¿Uv kwL-Sn-∏n® Hcp N¿®-bn¬ Hcp °p-Ibpw Imcy-amb Nn¥°v hgn-sh-°msX HSp-ßn-t∏m-hpN¿®m tcJ-bmbn hnX-cWw sNbvXn-cp-∂p. (AIbpw sNøp-Ib - mWv ]Xn-hv. 4˛mw temI-sØ-°p-dn-®p≈ hnsS Rm≥ ]s¶-Sp-Øn-cp-∂p) C∂v \mw t\cn-Sp∂ Bib kwL-´\ - ß - fpw Cu coXn-bn¬ hgn Xncn-™p-t]m{]Xn-k‘ - n-Isf ap≥\n¿Øn adp-]Sn Is≠-tØ≠ Ip-Ib - m-sW∂ kwi-ba- p-≠v. IemIuap-Zn-bn-eqsS k: ]n. tNmZy-ßfpsS Hcp\nc-bmWv AXn-ep-≠m-bn-cp-∂X - v. tKmhnμ]n≈bpw k. Ip™-\-¥≥ \mbcpw Hs° \SHt´sd hnhm-Z] - c- a- mb {]iv\ß - ƒ AS-ßn-bn-´p≈ Ønb A`n-{]mb{]I-S\ - ß - f- n¬ {]Xy-£a- mb {]h-WX - I - ƒ Cu tcJ ]ctaiz-cs‚ A`m-hØ - n¬ N¿®-sN-tøBi-bh - y-‡X - I - t- f-°m-tfsd Bi-¶I - f- mWv Ah-ti-jn-∏n≠-Xn-s√∂v A∂v A[y-£\ - m-bn-cp∂ kn.-]n. sF. °p-∂X - v. AXnse Bib kwL-´\ - ß - f- n-tet°m kw{`-aP - t\Xmhv {io. hn. hn. cmL-h≥ \n¿t±-in-°p-Ibpw \-Ia- mb Nmc-°Y - I - f- n-tet°m IS-°m≥ Rm\m-f√- . F∂m¬ XpS¿∂v AXv am‰nh°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. F∂m¬ Cu N¿®-I-fn¬ A¥¿`-hn-°p-∂-Xmbn tXm∂p∂ Nne BtKm-f-h¬°-c-W-sØ-°p-dn®v hfsc sX‰mb ssk≤m-¥nI {]iv\ß - ƒ ]cn-tim-[n-t°-≠X - p-≠v. GXmk¶¬]-߃ \ne-\n¬°p-∂p-s≠-∂pw, BtKm-fbmepw CS-Xp-]£ thZn-If- n¬ Kuc-ha- mb A¿∞-Øn¬ h¬°-cWw hfsc°me-ambn XpS-cp∂ Hcp {]{Inb \S-t°≠ Ht´sd ssk≤m-¥nI N¿®-Iƒ°v CXv hgn-sbmBsW∂pw, AXns‚ KpWt`m‡m-°f- mWv tIcf cp-°p-sa-¶n¬ CØcw Hc-t\z-jWw km¿∞-Ia- mhpw. Cßkaq-ls- a-∂pw, AXn-s\-Xn-cmb hna¿i-\ß - ƒ hnhs\-bp≈ At\z-jW - ß - f- psS A`mhw Kpcp-Xc- a- mb \ncc-an-√m-bvab - m-sW-∂pw, AXp-sIm≠v ]c-ta-iz-cs‚ h[n {]Xn-k‘ - n-If- p-sS-Xmb C∂sØ Ncn-{X-L´- Ø - n¬ \netNmZy-ßfmWv N¿®-sN-tø-≠s- X∂pw kn.-Un.-Fk - v. \n¬°p-∂p≠v..... Ub-dI - vS¿ IqSn-bm-b {io.sI.-]n. IÆ≥ A∂-hn-sSHcp `mKØv , apsºm-cn-°epw D≠m-bn-´n-√mØ coXn-bn¬ P\mh®v ]d-bp-Ib - p-≠m-bn. [n-]X - y-ac- ym-ZI - s- fbpw A¥¿tZ-iob \nb-aß - t- fbpw ÿm]- ns‚ a‰p-Ir-Xn-If- nepw {io. Fw. \-ßt- fbpw hsc Im‰n¬ ]d-Øn-s°m≠v km{am-P yXzw IS- Cu tcJ-bnepw At±-lØ ]n. ]c-ta-iz-c≥ apt∂m-´p-h® - n-´p≈ Bi-bß - fpw ∂p-Ib - d- p-Ib - m-Wv. Pew t]mep≈ ASn-ÿm\ {]IrXn hn`AXns‚ cq]o-I-c-W-]-cn-k-chpw Kuc-h-tØmsS h-ßs- f-bS- °ap≈ kakvX hn`-hß - s- fbpw Itºm-fØ - nse Btem-Nn-t°-≠X - m-Wv. tkmhn-b‰v XI¿®-°p-tijw hne-Iq-Snb D¬∏-∂ß - f- m°n am‰p∂ Hcp hnI-k\ \b-ØntemI-Øn-ep-≠m-th≠ Hcp {Ia-sØ-°p-dn-®p≈ te°v Ah¿ {]th-in-®n-cn-°p-∂p. CXn\v A\p-]q-cI - a- mbn kz]v\ß - fpw ]cn-]m-Sn-If- p-amWv At±lw Ah-Xc- n]cn-anX P\m-[n-]Xy Ah-Im-iß - t- fbpw aX\n-ct- ]-£X - ∏n-°p-∂X.v CØcw N¿®-Iƒ \S-Øp-tºmƒ Nne tbbpw F√mw sh√p-hn-fn-®p-sIm≠v Iq´-s°m-eI - f- n-eq-sSbpw ]Zm-h-en-Iƒ, AXm-bXv km-{am-P y-Xzw, Nqj-Ww, `oI-ca- mb A{I-aW - ] - c- º - c- I - f- n-eq-sSbpw h¿§ob i‡n-Iƒ {]Xn-k‘ - n, hnπ-hw, {]Xy-bi - m-kv{Xw, tkmjy-en-kw, Hcp sXc-s™-Sp∏p hnP-bØ - ns‚ h°n-em-sW∂ {]XoXn ka-{Km-[n-]X - yw, sXmgn-em-fn-h¿§w, XpS-ßnb hm°pP\n-∏n-°p-∂p. Ch-bvs°ms° FXn-cmbn Db¿∂p-ht- c≠ Iƒ A{I-tam¬kp-Ia- mb {]Xn-Ic- W - ß - f- mWv D≠mtZiob {]Xn-tcm-[Ø - ns‚ hn]p-ea- mb sFIy-\nc C\nbpw °p-∂s- X-∂pw, AXv hyXy-ÿB - f- p-Iƒ hyXyÿ cq]-s∏-Sm-\n-cn-°p-∂t- X-bp-≈p. Cu kμ¿`-Øn-emWv {]XycoXn-bn-emWv a\- n-em-°p-∂Xv F∂pw \Ωp-sSb-imkv{X {]iv\ß - sf∏‰n-bp≈ Kuc-hX - c- a- mb Bfl-]c- nsb√mw "lrZbw Hcn-SØ - m-bX - p-sIm≠v' AØcw tim-[\ - I - ƒ Bh-iy-am-hp-∂X - v. hm°p-Isf sNm√n-bp≈ X¿°-߃ Hgn-hm-°-W{io. Fw.-]n. ]c-ta-iz-c≥ At±-lØ - ns‚ ]e ]pkvXI - ß - f- n-eqsS sa∂pw {io ]c-ta-iz-c≥ Cu tcJ-bn¬ Bh-iy-s∏-Spapt∂m´v h®n-´p≈ kao-]\ - ß - ƒ {]iv\ß - f- psS AXoh efn∂p. Cu Bhiyw At±-lØ - ns‚ ]e teJ-\ß - f- nepw X-h¬°-c-Whpw {]I-S-amb am¿IvknÃv hncp-≤-Xbpw ImWmw. DƒtN¿∂-Xm-sW∂v H‰ hmb-\b - n¬Xs∂ t_m[y-s∏-Sp∂-Xm-Wv. F∂n´pw C.-Fw.-Fk - v. HgnsI Bcpw Xs∂ Cu efn-Xa- mbn ]d-™m¬ am¿Ivkpw FwK¬kpw DtSym-]y≥ tkmjy-enkw F∂p hne-bn-cp-Ønb Nn¥-It- fmSv {]iv\-߃ N¿® sNøm-Xn-cp-∂Xv F¥p-sIm≠v F∂v kmayw ]pe¿Øp∂ Bi-b-ßfpw ]cn-]m-Sn-Ifpw Rm\m¬`p-Xvs]-Sp-∂p (-]c- n-jØv ]pkvXI - ß - ƒ Kuc-hBWv tUm. Fw. ]n. ]c-ta-iz-c≥ Ah-Xc- n-∏n-°p∂ ]q¿Δw hmbn-°m≥ kabw Is≠-Øm-Xn-cp∂ F\n°v Nn¥-bpsS Hcp hiw. am¿Ivkn-Ãm-\-¥c Nn¥ Ct∏m-ƒ am{Xta AXn\v Ign-™n-´p≈q) F∂p hnfn-°s- ∏-Sp∂ km{am-P yXz hyh-ÿb - psS {io. Fw. ]n. ]c-ta-iz-c≥ Xs‚ ]e ]pkvX-I-ß-fn-eqsSbpw `wKy-¥t- c-Wb - p≈ \ymbo-Ic- W - ß - fpw kao-]\ - ß - fpw PEOPLE AGAINST GLOBALISATION

BtKm- f - h ¬°- c - W - Ø n- s \- X nsc P\- ß ƒ

11


_Z¬ tkmjy-en-k-am-Wv, F¥p-sIm≠v?

AS-ßn-bX - mWv adp-hiw. Cu \memw temI k¶¬∏\-Øn\v am¿Ivkn-kh - p-ambn Hcp _‘-hp-an-s√-∂mWv Fs‚ A`n-{]m-bw. h¿§-kn-≤m-¥tam A[n-Im-cØ - ns‚ {]iv\tam H∂pw N¿®-sN-ømØ kz]v\X - p-ey-amb Nne ]≤-Xn-Ifpw ]cn-]m-Sn-If- p-amWv At±lw Ah-Xc- n-∏n°p-∂X - v. Ccp-]Xmw \q‰m-≠nse BZy Zi-I-Øn¬ GWÃv am°v (Ernst Mach), Ah-t\-dn-bkv (Richard Avenarius)XpS-ßnb Hcp-Iq´w Nn¥-I¿ ]pXnb imkv{Xob I≠p-]n-Sp-Øß - fp-sSbpw B[p-\nI ⁄m\ kn≤m-¥Ø - n-s‚bpw shfn®-Øn¬ XXz-imkv{Xhyh-lm-c-ß-fpsS AeIpw ]nSnbpw am‰m\pw ]Zm-h-en-Iƒ ]cn-jvI-cn-°m\pw Hcpßn]pd-s∏-Sp-Ib - p-≠m-bn. Ch-cpsS t]cp-Ifpw IrXnIfpw C∂v ]q¿Æ-ambn hnkvar-Xn-bn-em-≠p-Ig- n-™p. Adp-]X - p-If- psS Ah-km-\Ø - n¬ Hcp bph ae-bmfo Zm¿i-\n-I≥ Ch-cpsS kw`m-h\ - I - ƒ "Is≠-Øp-Ibpw' AXns‚ shfn-®Ø - n¬ Bi-bh - mZw `uXn-Ih - mZw XpSßnb KW-߃ Ime-lc- W - s- ∏-´p-Ig- n-™p-sh∂pw Ah XXz-imkv{Xhyh-lm-cß - f- n¬ \n∂pw \njvIm-k\w sNø-s∏-SW - s- a∂pw hmZn-°p-Ib - p-≠m-bn. A[n-II - mew Ignbpw apºv At±lw kn.-]n.-sF.-Fw.-F¬s‚ {]h¿ØI-\m-hp-Ibpw hnπ-hØ - ns‚ Zm¿i-\n-I\ - mbn Adn-bs- ∏Sp-Ibpw sNbvXp-sh-∂Xv Ncn-{Xw. GWÃv am°n-s‚bpw At±-lØ - ns‚ injy-∑m-cp-sSbpw ]pXnb I≠p-]n-Sp-Øß - ƒ _nj∏v _m¿°-se-bpsS ]gb Bi-bh - mZw Xs∂-bm-sW∂pw am¿Ivkn-s‚bpw FwK¬kn-s‚bpw `uXn-Ih - m-Zk - ¶ - ¬∏-ßsf ]Xn-bncp∂v B{I-an-°p∂ Cu \ne-]m-Sp-Iƒ A∏msS {]Xntem-a] - c- a- m-sW∂pw 1908¬ Xs∂ se\n≥ Nq≠n-°m-´nbn-´p-≠v. C∂v BtKm-fa- p-Xe - m-fn-ØØ - ns‚ \n¿e-÷\mb h‡m-hmbn cq]m-¥c- s- ∏-´n-´p≈ Cu aem-bmfn Zm¿i-\n-I≥ ]e L´-ßf- n-embn D∂-bn-®n-´p≈ tNmZyß-fpw, Fw. ]n. ]c-ta-iz-c-s‚bpw tUm. CIv_m-ens‚bpw a‰pw \ne-]m-Sp-Ifpw XΩnep≈ A¤p-Xm-hl - amb Ombm-kmayw \mw ImWmsX t]mh-cpXv. Zo¿LIm-ea- mbn CS-Xp-]£ - {- ]-ÿm-\ß - f- n¬ {]h¿Øn® ]cta-iz-c\ - n¬ \n∂v CØcw Nn¥-If- p-≠m-hp-∂Xv AXntesd ]cn-lm-ky-am-hp-∂p. ]c-ta-iz-c≥ {][m-\a- mbpw {]h¿Øn® imkv{X-km-lnXy ]cn-jØ - n¬ \ne-\n-∂n-cp∂ {]I-Sa- mb 3 Xcw ImgvN∏m-Sp-Iƒ At±lw Xs‚ hntI-{μo-Ir-XP\m-[n-]Xyw tIc-fØ - n¬ 1955-˛98 F∂ ]pkvXI - Ø - n¬ hnh-cn-°p∂p-≠v. cmjv{Sob ]m¿´n-If- p-tSbpw _lp-P\ - k - w-LS- \ - I-fp-tSbpw t\Xr-Xz-Øn¬ \S-°p∂ {]h¿Ø-\ß - f- n¬ imkv{Xob kao-]\w Fßs\ DƒtN¿°mw F∂Xmbncp∂p ]cn-jØ - ns‚ Hcp ImgvN] - mSv. F∂m¬ cmj-{So-b] - m¿´n-If- n¬ hnizm-ka- n-√mØ Hcp hn`mKw ]cn-j-Øn-ep-≠m-bn-cp-∂psh∂pw imkv{Xw P\-ßfnseØn°pI F∂ Xm¬]cyw am{Xsa Ch¿°p≠mbn-cp-∂p≈psh∂pw At±lw ]d-bp∂p. ap∂m-asØ [mc, imkv{Xw {Kma-ßf- n-se-Øn-°p-I, imkv{X-{Km-a߃ D≠m-°pI F∂ k¶¬]-\-Øn¬ Du∂p∂p. CXmWv ]cn-jØ - ns‚ Ct∏m-gsØ \ne-]m-Sp-If- psS ASn-ÿm-\s- a∂pw At±lw ]d-bp-∂p. hntI-{μo-IrX Bkq-{X-W-]-≤-Xn-bpsS {]tbm-KsØ cmjv{Sob ap‡-amb Hcp {]{Inb Bbn Ah-Xc- n-∏n12

°p∂ kao-]\ - a- mWv aq∂m-asØ \ne-]m-Sv. Cu \ne-]mSns‚ hymJym-\ß - fpw hni-Zo-Ic- W - ß - f- p-am-Wv ]c-ta-izcs‚ IrXn-Ifn¬ F√mw Bh¿Øn-®p-d-∏n-°p-∂-Xv. " hnπm-h\ - ¥ - c- k - a- qlw hntI-{μo-Ir-Xhpw P\-]¶ - m-fn-ØtØm-Sp-Iq-Sn-bXpw Bb P\m-[n-]X - y-Øn¬ A[n-jvTnX-am-bn-cn°pw.... Hmtcm ]uc\pw kaq-lØ - ns‚ hnπ-hI-ca- mb ]cn-h¿Ø-\Ø - nepw AXns‚ \S-Øn-∏nepw ]¶m-fn-bm-hW - w.... Ime-{I-aØ - n¬ Cu aq∂m-asØ [mcbm-bn-Øo¿∂p ]cn-jØ - ns‚ apJyIm-gvN∏ - mSv'' (hntI{μo-IrX P\m-[n-]Xyw tIc-fØ - n¬ 1955-˛98, Fw.-]n. ]cta-iz-c≥) ]t£ Hcp hnπ-hm-\¥ - c kaq-lØ - n¬ \St°≠ ]cn-h¿Ø-\ß - ƒ \S-∏m-t°-≠X - n-te°v Fßs\ ]cn-j-Øp-Im¿ FØn-s∏-Sp∂p F∂ Imcy-Øn¬ At±lw A¿∞K¿`amb au\w ]pe¿Øp-∂p. \mw Adn-bmsX tIc-fØ - n¬ hnπhw \S-∂p-Ig- n™p F∂mhptam ]c-ta-iz-c≥ Dt±-in-°p-∂Xv? AX√ hnπ-h-an√msX Xs∂ \mw hn`m-h\w sNøp∂ ]cn-h¿Ø-\ß - ƒ \S-∂p-Ig- n™p F∂mtWm? AXp-a√ Cu {]h¿Ø-\ß-fmWv "]cm-Pb - s- ∏´' P\-Iob P\m-[n-]X - y-Øns‚ _Z¬ F∂mtWm? h¿§ ka-c k¶¬]w ssIsøm-gn™n´v hwio-bhpw tZiobhpw enwK-]c- h - p-amb Nne k¶¬∏-ßf- mWv At±lw apt∂m´v hbv°p-∂-Xv. Xo¿®-bmbpw ]c-º-cm-KX am¿IvknÃv coXn CØcw {]iv\ß - sf hfsc D]-Ic- W-]c- a- mbn am{Xw I≠p-sIm≠v Imcy-߃ Ah-Xc- n-∏n°p∂ Ahÿ \ne-\n¬°p∂p F∂Xv Hcp hmkvXh - am-Wv. Xo¿®-bmbpw CØcw {]iv\ß - ƒIqSn kPo-hambn ]cn-KW - n-°p∂ Hcp h¿§-cm-jv{So-ba- mWv hf¿∂ph-tc-≠X - v. ]t£ Cu {]iv\ß - fmWv {][m\w F∂pIm-Wp∂ {]h-WX - , temI-Ønse C∂sØ {]Xn-k‘ - nIƒ°v apJy Imc-W-amb apX-em-fnØ hyh-ÿtb hna¿i-\Ø - n¬ \n∂v ^e-Øn¬ Hgn-hm-°p-Ibpw apXem-fnØw A\-¥a- mbn XpS-tc≠ {]Xn-`m-ka- m-sW∂v `wKy-¥t- cW AwKo-Ic- n-°p-Ibpw BWv sNøp-∂X - v! apXem-fnØ hyh-ÿ° - I - tØ Nne sshcp-≤y-ßf- n¬ am{Xw {i≤-tI-{μo-Ic- n-°p-Ibpw apJy sshcp≤yw Ah-KW - n-°p-

""Nqj-W-Øn\v _Z-en-√m-Ø-Xn\v Rms\-¥p-]n-g-®p.'' k¿°m¿ apX-em-fn-Øhpw a’-cm--[n-jvTnX apXem-fn-Øhpw Nqj-Wm-[n-jvSn-Xa - m-sW-¶nepw k¿°m¿ apX-em-fnØw Iq-Sp-X¬ P\-t{Zm-l-]-cam-sW∂ bmYm¿∞y-amWv AwKo-Ic - n-t°-≠X - v. P\m-[n-]-Xy-hn-cp-≤hpw kmaq-ly-hn-cp-≤-hp-amb k¿°m¿ apX-em-fn-ØsØ At]-£n®v Itºmf apX-em-fnØw t`Z-am-sW∂v Rm≥ IcpXp-∂p.NqjWap‡tam NqjWw eLq-Ic - n-°s∏-Sp-∂tXm Bb Hcp hyh-ÿ°v th≠nbmWv Rm≥ \ne-sIm-≈p-∂X - v. {]mtbm-Kn-Iambn CØcw Hcp _Z¬ \ne-\n¬°n-s√∂v Xs∂-bmWv Rm≥ hne-bn-cp-Øp-∂X - v''. ˛ sI. thWp

PEOPLE AGAINST GLOBALISATION

BtKm- f - h ¬°- c - W - Ø n- s \- X nsc P\- ß ƒ


_Z¬ tkmjy-en-k-am-Wv, F¥p-sIm≠v?

Ibpw sNøp∂ coXn-bm-Wn-Xv. AXm-bXv sSdn-Cu-KnƒS¨s‚ `mj-IS- s- a-Sp-°p-Ib - m-sW-¶n¬ enwK-t`-Zw, hwiw, kzXzw, XpSßnb KW-߃ h¿§-k¶ - ¬∏-Øn\v ]Icw sh°m-hp∂ KWß-fmbn Cu XXz-im-kv{X-Øn¬ {]Xy-£s- ∏-Sp-∂p. hntI-{μoI-cWw sIm≠p am{Xw Bkq-{X-WØ - nse {]iv\ß - ƒ F√mw ]cn-lc- n-°m-sa∂ [mcW kmam-\yw hen-sbmcp efn-Xh - ¬°c-Wa- m-Wv. "ssk≤m-¥n-Ihpw ]cn-I¬]-\m-]c- h - p-amb {]iv\ß - ƒ' F∂ Xes°-´p-If- n¬ am¿IvknÃv temI-ho-£W - Ø - ns‚ GXm≠v F√m k¶¬∏-\ß - fpw Fw.-]n.-]c- t- a-iz-cs‚ tImÃvt^m¿Uv tNmZymhen {]iv\-h¬°-cn-°p-∂p. kwL-S-\-Iƒ°pw ÿm]-\߃°pw AXns‚ Nme-Ii - ‡n ssItamiw hcp-Ibpw Ah {]ÿm-\Ø - ns‚ hnIm-kØ - n-\v Xs∂ XS- a- m-bn-Øo-cp-Ibpw sNøp-∂p-sh∂v At±lw ÿm]n-°p-∂p. Cu Acm-PI - h - m-Z]-ca- mb thmf-≠d- nÃv kao-]\ - ß - f- psS shfn-®Ø - n¬ t\m°ptºmƒ `c-WI - q-Sß - ƒs°-Xnsc \ne-]m-sS-Sp-°p∂ am¿Ivknkhpw Acm-PI - h - m-Zhpw XΩn¬ henb hyXym-ks- am-∂p-an√ F∂v ]c-ta-iz-c≥ I≠p]n-Sn-°p-∂Xn¬ A¤p-Xa- n-√. {io Fw. ]n. ]c-ta-iz-c≥ am¿IvknÃv Z¿i-\h - p-ambn _‘-an-√mØ kz]v\-ßfpw, cmjv{So-b-ap-‡-amb hntI-{μo-I-c-Whpw, Ab¬°q-´hpw {Kma-ka- q-lh - psa√m-aS- ß - nb Hcp hnI-k\ ]mX \n¿t±-in-°p-tºmƒ, Fhn-sS-sh-®mWv IpØ-Ia- p-Xe - mfnØw Cu hnI-k\ ]mXbv°v hgn-am-dp-∂X - v F∂v an≠p∂n√. BtKm-fa- p-Xe- m-fn-Øhpw temI sXmgn-em-fn-h¿§hpw XΩnep≈ apJy kmaqly sshcp-≤ysØ At±lw X≈n-°f- b - p∂p. AXv t\cn-Sm-\p≈ AS-hp-Itfm X{¥-ßtfm, F¥n\v t]mcm-´w, t]mepw AP-≠b - n¬ \n∂v FSpØv am‰p-∂p. AXp sIm≠p Xs∂ CXv h¿§-ka- c- sØ \ntj-[n-°p-Ib - mWv sNøp∂-Xv. 

\memw temI-Øns‚ kw{I-a-W-Imew hn`m-h\w sNøp-∂-Xn¬ D¬∏m-Z-\-Ønepw hnXc-W-Ønepw "kzIm-cy-kw-cw-`-߃' D≠mhmsa∂v hy‡-am-°p-∂p-≠v. F∂m¬, Ah kaql-\n-b-{¥-W-Øn\v Iogvs∏-´n-cn-°pw. ]c-am-h[n em`-ap-≠m-°p-I-b-√, kaq-l-\∑ ]c-am-h-[n-bm°-em-bn-cn-°-Wat{X Ah-bpsS Htc-sbm-cp-e£yw. kaq-l-\-∑bpw kzIm-cy-em-`hpw s]mcpØ-s∏-Sp-Øn-s°m-≠p≈ Hcp hyh-ÿ-bm-bn-cn°pw AsX∂pw ]c-ta-iz-c≥ Ah-Im-i-s∏-Sp∂p. HSp-hn¬ a\p-jy-k-aq-l-ß-sf˛ {Kma-ßsfbpw \K-c-ß-sfbpw cmPy-ß-sfbpw Hs° \mi-Øn-te°v \bn-°p∂ "tI{μo-IrX t\XrXz-ß-fpsS' sh√p-hn-fn-Isf sNdp-t°-≠-Xp≠v F∂p ]d-™p-sh-®n´v AXn\v G‰hpw ]‰nb cmPyw C¥y-bm-sW∂pw Is≠-Øn-bn-cn-°p-∂p. ]c-ta-iz-cs‚ \memw temI-kn-≤m-¥Øns‚ a¿Ωw sNØn-sbm-cp°n Nnt¥-cn´p an\p-°nb \nb-{¥nX apX-em-fn-Ø-am-sW∂v apI-fn¬ D≤-cn®v hcn-I-fn¬ \n∂v hy‡-amWt√m?. h¿K-k-a-chpw sXmgn-em-fn-h¿K t\Xr-Xzhpw hnπ-hhpw H∂pw Cu k¶¬]-\-ßfpsS `mKambn ImWp-∂n-√. AXp sIm≠v ^e-Øn¬ CXv XI¿∂p-h-cp∂ apX-em-fn-ØsØ c£n°m-\p≈ kwcw-`-am-Wv. \memw temI-hy-h-ÿbpsS cq]w kz]v\ {]mb-Øn-em-sW∂p ]dbp∂ ]c-ta-iz-c\v hy‡-amb Htc-sbmcp Imcyw tkmjy-en-k-Øn\pw Iayq-Wn-k-Øn\pw C\n {]k-‡n-bn-s√-∂p-≈-Xp-am-{X-am-Wv ''. C. _mem-\-μ≥

kmaq- l y- a q- e - [ - \ - s a- ∂ m¬.....? 1955-\p-ti-j-amWv k∂≤kw-L-S\m {]h¿Ø-\-Øn-eqsS hnIk-\-sa∂ ImgvN-∏mSv ap≥\n¿Øn kmaqly aqe-[\ kn≤m¥w temI-_m¶v {]Ncn-∏n-°p-∂-Xv.("Depoliticizing development, the world Bank and social capital" - John Hariss - Leftword books) kmaqly-aq-e-[\w F∂-Xn\v "k∂-≤-kw-L-S\m {]h¿Ø\w' (Voluntary organisation or membership in group)F∂v s]mXpsh A¿Yw ]d-bmw. ""hnI-k-\-Øns‚ \jvS-s∏´ IÆn-bmWv'' (The missing link) kmaqly aqe-[\w F∂mWv temI-_m¶v ssk≤m-¥n-I¿ hni-Zo-I-cn-°p-∂-Xv. Xpd∂ hn]Wn apX-em-fnØw (Laisse faire capitalism) t\cn-Sp∂ F√m {]Xn-k-‘n-Iƒ°pw AXns‚ ]cn-anXn-Iƒ°pw Cu \jvS-s∏´ IÆn Is≠-Øn-b-tXmsS ]cn-lm-cambn F∂mWv hmZw. apX-em-fnØ D¬]m-Z\ i‡n-I-fpsS kzX{¥-amb hf¿®bv°v k∂-≤k - w-LS- \m {]h¿Ø-\Ø - n-eqsS _lpP-\-]-¶m-fnØw Dd-∏p-h-cp-Øp-I-bmWv th≠-Xv. CXn\v `c-W-Iq-SsØbpw (The State) cmjv{Sob {]{In-bsbbpw \ntj-[n-°W - s - a∂v kmaq-ly-aq-e[ - \ - s - sk-≤m-¥n-I¿ Bh-iy-s∏-Sp∂p. `c-WI - qSw Cc]n-Sn-b≥ kzm`m-ha - p-≈X - m-sW∂pw DtZym-Kÿ - h - rμw Agn-aXn \nd™-Xm-sW∂pw cmjv{So-b-°m¿ kzm¿Ycpw P\-hn-cp-≤-cp-am-sW∂p-amWv CXp-kw-_-‘n® temI-_m-¶ns‚ kmlnXyw hni-Zo-Icn-°p-∂-Xv. AXp-sIm-≠vXs∂ hnI-k\w cmjv{So-b-Øn-\-Xo-X-amPEOPLE AGAINST GLOBALISATION

BtKm- f - h ¬°- c - W - Ø n- s \- X nsc P\- ß ƒ

IWw k¿°m-cn-Xc kwL-S-\-I-fn-eqsS (Non Governmental Organisation-NGO’s) _lp-P-\-]-¶m-fnØw t{]’m-ln-∏n-°Ww. kmº-Øn-I-˛-km-aqly aWvU-e-ßfn¬ \n∂pw k¿°mcpw cmjv{So-b° - mcpw ]n≥hmßn kº-ZvL-S-\-bmsI apX-emfnØ kmaq-ly-i-‡n-Iƒ°v IpØ-Ibmbn ]Xn®p \¬I-Ww. Aßs\ hnIk-\-Øn¬ apX-em-fn-Ø-Øns‚ Xs∂ krjvSn-bmb tZiob k¿°m-cp-I-fp-sSbpw(Nation State) cmjv{Sob {]{Inb-bpsSbpw ]¶v \ntj-[n-°p-Ibpw hnI-k-\{]-{In-bsb Acm-jv{Sob h¬°-cn-°p-Ibp-amWv \h km{am-Py-Xz- ˛-B-tKm-fh¬°-c-W-˛-i-‡n-Iƒ.-A-cm-jv{So-bX F∂m¬ BtKm-f-h¬°-cW ImesØ he-Xp-]£ cmjv{Sobw Xs∂-bmWv F∂v CXn¬ \n∂v hy‡-am-Wv. ]n. IrjvW-{]-km-Zv

13


_Z¬ tkmjy-en-k-am-Wv, F¥p-sIm≠v?

F¥mWv am¿Ivknkw? a\p-jys‚ ta¬ a\p-jy≥ \S-Øp∂ NqjWw Ah-km-\n-∏n-°p-∂-

\nc-¥cambn t]mcmSpIbpw hnIkn-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂t- XmsSm∏w \ne-hn-ep-≈X- ns\ \ntj-[n-°p-Ibpw ]pXn-b-h-cq-]o-I-cn-°-s∏-SpIbpw sNøp-∂{- ]-{Inb-bn¬ DZmØ- a mb P\m- [ n- ] - X y- Ø ns‚ km£m-XI v m-ca- mbn tkmjye- nkw \nc- ¥ cw ]cn- h ¿Ø\s∏- S psa∂v am¿Ivknkw {]Jym-]n-°p∂p. Nen-®p-sIm≠pw KpW-]-cambn ]cn-W-an-®p-sIm≠pancn°p∂ {]Ir-Xn-bpsS Ahn`m - P y- L - S - I - a mb a\p- j y- k - a ql- Ø n\v tkmjy- e n- k - Ø n t- e°pw IΩyq-Wn-kØ - n-te°pw \S-∂p-\o-ßm-sa∂v am¿Ivknkw {]h-Nn-®p. 14

Xn-\p≈ imkv{Xo-b-amb DØcw tXSp-I-bmWv Imd¬am¿Ivkv sNbvXXv. Hcp kwkvIrX arK-sa∂ \ne-bn¬ \n∂v kwkvIm-c-k-º-∂-\mb a\p-jy\n-te-°p≈ hf¿®-bn¬ kaq-l-Øn\pw D¬]m-Z-\-co-Xn-°p-ap≈ AXp-eyamb ÿm\w Xncn-®-dn-bp-∂ At\z-j-W-am-bn-cp∂p AXv. ASn-abpw DS-abp-ambn a\p-jy-ka- qlw th¿]n-cn-bp-Ibpw \ne-\n¬∏n-\mbn t]mcm-Sp-Ibpw sNbvX-t∏mƒ ASn-aØhyh-ÿn-Xnbpw D¬]m-Z-\-co-Xnbpw IqSp-X¬ P\m[n-]-Xy-]-c-ambn ]cn-h¿Ø-\-s∏-´Xv {]Ir-Xn-bpsS \nb-X-amb sshcp-≤ymfl-I-X-bpsS AS-bm-f-am-sW∂v am¿Ivkv Is≠-Øn. h¿§-߃ h¿§-k-ac-ß-fp-≠m-°p-tºmƒ h¿§ cln-X-amb kmaqly hyh-ÿn-Xn-bn-te°v a\pjy-kw-kvIm-cw hnI-kn-°pw. Cu kXyw imkv{Xo-b-ambn ÿm]n-°-s∏-´t∏mƒ am¿Ivknkw Ncn{X {]{Inb-bpsS bp‡n-bp-I-X-amb hymJym-\-amXr-Ib - mbn ]cn-Wa- n-®p. {]Ir-Xn-bpsS km¿h-{Xn-Ia- mb sshcp-≤y-hmZw F∂\ne°v am¿Ivknkw temI-Ønse F√m hkvXp-°-fp-tSbpw ]c-kv]c _‘w kw_-‘n® \n¿amW XXz-ambn amdn.. \nc-¥cambn t]mcmSpIbpw hnI-kn-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂t- Xm-s - Sm∏w \ne-hn-ep-≈X - ns\ \ntj-[n-°p-Ib - pw ]pXn-b-h-cq-]o-I-cn-°-s∏-Sp-Ibpw sNøp-∂ -{]-{Inb-bn¬ DZm-Ø-amb P\m[n-]X - y-Øns‚ km£m-XvIm-ca- mbn tkmjy-enkw \nc-¥cw]cn-h¿Ø\-s∏Sp-sa∂v am¿Ivknkw {]Jym-]n-°p-∂p. Nen-®p-sIm≠pw KpW-]-c-ambn ]cnW-an-®p-sIm≠pancn-°p∂ {]Ir-Xn-bpsS Ahn`m-P y-L-S-I-amb a\p-jy-kaq-l-Øn\v tkmjy-en-k-Øn-te°pw IΩyq-Wn-k-Øn-te°pw \S-∂p-\o-ßmsa∂v am¿Ivknkw {]h-Nn-®p. Cu {]{In-bt- ]mepw t_m[-]q¿Δw CSs∏´pw t]mc-Sn®pw hf-sc-thKw Ic-K-X-am-°m-sa∂pw AXv sXfn-bn®p. AXpsIm≠v Xs∂ hnπh cmjv{Sob {]h¿Ø-\-Øn-\p≈ hgn-Im-´n-F-∂-\n-ebn¬ am¿Ivknkw kn≤m-¥hpw {]tbm-Khpw XΩn-ep≈ sFIyw ÿm]n°p-∂p. Hcp imkv{Xob Z¿i-\-sa-∂-\n-e-bn¬ \nc-¥cw hnI-kn-°p-Ibpw hf-cp-Ibpw sNøp∂ am¿Ivkn-k-Øn\v temI-amsI \S-°p∂ h¿§-k-a-cß-fpsS A\p-`-h-ßfpw ]mT-ßfpw kzoI-cn-°msX \ne-\n¬°m\pw hfcm\pw Bhn-√. am¿IvknÃv Z¿i\w {]mtbm-KnI imkv{X-ambn Gs‰-Sp°p-∂h - c - psS ]ng-hp-Ifpw A\p-`h - ß - fpw Cu kmaqly imkv{XsØ KpW]-ca- mbn ]cn-h¿Ø-\s - ∏-Sp-Øm≥ klm-bn-°p-sa-∂Xv kXy-amW.v {]mtbmK-Ønse ]nghv Z¿i-\-Øns‚ Xs∂ ]ng-hm-sW∂v ÿm]n-°p-hm≥ ]mSp-s]-Sp-∂-h¿s°m∂pw am¿IvknÃv Z¿i-\-Øns‚ ASn-ÿm-\-in-eI-fn-sem-∂p-t]mepw "Ifn-a-Æm'-sW∂v sXfn-bn-°m≥ Ign-bm-ØXv F¥psIm-≠mWv? Cu ine-Iƒ tIhew Bib {]]-©-Øne√ `uXnI {]]©-Ønse hkvXp-\njvT bmYm¿∞y-ßfn-em-Wv ]Sp-Øn-´p-≈Xv F∂-XpsIm-≠≠v Xs∂ am¿Ivknkw Hcp `uXnI Z¿i-\-am-Wv. AXp-sIm≠v PEOPLE AGAINST GLOBALISATION

BtKm- f - h ¬°- c - W - Ø n- s \- X nsc P\- ß ƒ


_Z¬ tkmjy-en-k-am-Wv, F¥p-sIm≠v?

aX-ß-sf-t]mse kz¿§-cmP yw ac-Wm-\¥cw e`n-°p-sa∂v hmKvZm\w sNøp-Ib - √ aX-ß-sf-t∏mse am¿Ivkn-kw sNøp-∂Xv. `uXn-I-ambn AXv \n¿Ωn-®p-sIm-Sp-°pI-bmWv. am¿Ivknkw Hcp Z¿i\w am{Xa√ AXv Hcp {]tbmKimkv{X-hp-amWv. am¿Ivkn-kØ - ns‚ {]tbm-Kw kz¿K-Øn-e√ `qan-bn-emWv \S°-∂X - v. AsXmcp hmKvZm\-a-√, \Ωƒ G‰p-hm-ßp∂ kΩm-\-amWv. kz¿K-ÿ\ - mb ssZh-a√ `uXnI ico-chpw a\ pw hnIm-c-ß-fp-ap≈ a\p-jy-\mWv AXv \n¿Ωn-°p-∂Xv. am¿Ivkn-kØns‚ IcpØpw, \∑bpw, -`m-hnbpw temI-Øn-se apgp-h≥ Nqjn-X-cp-sSbpw Icp-Øpw, `mhnbp-ambn Xocp-∂Xv AXp-sIm-≠m-Wv. am¿Ivkn-ksØ sIme-sN-øm≥ ]mSp-s]Sp- ∂ - h ¿ Nqjn- X - c psS h¿Ø- a m- \ hpw `mhnbpw Ih¿s∂-Sp-°p-hm-\p≈ B{Im¥-amWv ImWn-°p-∂-Xv. tkmjy-enkw H∂ns‚bpw _Z-tem Ahkm-\tam BsW∂v am¿Ivknkw ]d-bp∂n√.AXv apX- e m- f nØ Nqj- W - Ø n\v Adp-Xn-h-cp-Øp-I-bm-WXv sNøp-∂-Xv. alm- ` q- c n- ] £w hcp∂ Nqjn- X - c psS `cWIqSw h¿§-ssh-cp-≤y-ßf - n-√m-Øh - n[w P\m- [ n- ] Xy km£m- X vIm- c - a mbn ]cnh¿Ø\- s ∏- S p- Ø p- h m- \ p≈ {ia- a mWv tkmjy-en-k-Øn¬ \S-°p-∂Xv! AXn\v sI´p- t ]mb apX- e m- f nØhyh- ÿ - b psS Bflo-bk - m-∂n-≤yhpw NnXm-`kvahpw hsc IS-en¬ Hgp-°n-I-f-tb-≠-Xp≠.v h¿§-c-lnX-am-sbm-cp-km-aqly hyh-ÿtb kzoI-cn°m≥ ]Iz-amb hn[-Øn¬ D¬]m-Z-\-{]-{Inbbnepw _‘-ß-fnepw `uXn-I-km-l-N-cyß-fnepw \nc-¥cw am‰w hc-Ww. apX-emfnØ hf¿® ]q¿Æ-amhpw apºv \S-°p∂ tkmjy-enÃv {]tbmKw Fß-s\-Bb - n-cn-°W-sa∂v se\n\pw Ct∏mƒ Iyq_-bpw, hnb‰v\mapw ssN\bpw ]d-™p-X-cp-∂p≠v. am¿Ivknkw acn®p F∂ A´-lmkw (kz¥w ac- W w FXn- c m- f n- b psS ta¬ Btcm]n-°p∂ apX-em-fnØ ]mShw) Hcp bp≤ X{¥-am-Wv. Nqjn-X¿°vt\-sc-bp≈ alm-bp-≤Ø - n¬ tXm¬hn kΩ-Xn-°p-∂X - nep≈ apX-em-fn-ØØ - ns‚ a\x-{]-bmkw a\ n-em-°m-hp-∂-tX-bp-≈p. (F.-sI.) PEOPLE AGAINST GLOBALISATION

BtKm- f - h ¬°- c - W - Ø n- s \- X nsc P\- ß ƒ

tkmjy-enkw Hcp t\¿tc-Jb - √ ""Hcn-°¬ tkmjy-enkw ÿm]n-X-am-bn-°-gn-™m¬ F√mw Hcp t\¿tc-J-bn-se-∂-t]mse {]iv\-c-ln-Xambn apt∂m-´p-t]m-Ip-sa∂ [mcW icn-b-√. Iayq-Wnk-amWv A¥n-a-e-£yw. apX-em-fn-Ø-Øn\pw IayqWnkØn\pw CS-bv°p≈ L´-amWv tkmjy-en-kw. h¿§-ssh-cp-[y-߃ C√mØ L´-a√ tkmjy-en-kw. sshcp-≤y-߃ ]c-am-h[n Ipd-bv-°m≥ {ian-°p∂ L´-am-Wv. apX-em-fnØ _‘-ß-fp-sSbpw apX-emfnØ Bi-b-ß-fp-sSbpw km∂n≤yw tkmjy-en-kØn¬ D≠mIpw F∂v am¿Ivkv Xs∂ Nq≠n-°m-Wn®n-´p-≠v. \b-]-chpw {]mtbm-Kn-I-hp-amb \S-]-Sn-I-fneqsS Cu Bi-b-ß-sfbpw _‘-ß-sf-bpw ]cm-P-bs∏SpØm≥ Ign-b-Ww. AXn\v Ign-™n-s√-¶n¬ tkmjy-enÃv hyhÿ Aÿn-c-s∏-Spw''. ""tkmjy-enÃv `cWw sXmgn-emfn h¿KØn\pw ]m¿´n°pw th≠n-b-√. _lp-P-\-߃°pth-≠n-bmWv \S-tØ-≠Xv. sXmgn-em-fn-h¿ - K-k¿hm-[n]-Xy-sa-∂m¬ k¿hm-[n-]-Xy-sa∂√ A¿∞w. sXmgnem-fn-I-fpsS t\Xr-Xz-Øns‚ k¿hm-[n-]-Xy-sa-∂p-a-√. Aßs\ Bbn-Øo¿∂m¬ P\-ß-fpsS Aw-Ko-Im-chpw ]¶m-fn-Øhpw Kh¨sa‚n\v C√m-Xm-Ipw.-A-Xpt]mse s]mXp-P-\-ß-fpsS A`n-\n-th-i-ßfpw ]m¿´n t\Xr-Xz-Øns‚ Xocp-am-\-ß-fpw XΩn¬ D≠mIp∂ sshcp-≤yw, hyh-ÿ-bpsS Xs∂ XI¿®bv°p hgnsbm-cp-°p-sa∂v tkmhn-b‰v bqWn-bs‚ A\p-`hw km£y-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂p. ]m¿´n AwK-߃°v kzX{¥hpw \n¿`-b-hp-ambn ]m¿´n-°-IØv A`n-{]mb {]I-S\w \S-Øm-\p≈ kzmX{¥yw A\p-t]-£-Wn-bam-Wv. Dƒ]m¿´n P\m-[n-]Xy-Øn-eqsS am{Xsa ]m¿´n\-b-ß-fpsS cq]oI-c-W-Ønepw \n¿h-l-W-Øn-epw Hcp-t]mse AwK--ß-fpsS ]¶m-fnØw Dd-∏m-°m-\m-Iq. D¬]m-Zt\m-]m-[n-I-fpsS s]mXp DS-a-ÿ-X-bpw kmºØn-Im-kq-{X-Whpw ssIh-cp-Ønb hºn® hf¿®s°m∏w kmº-ØnI amt\-Pvsa‚nepw A\p-tbm-Pyamb am‰-߃ A\n-hm-cy-am-Wv. am¿Ivknb≥ kn≤m-¥-ß-fnepw Iayq-Wn-k-Øn-epap≈ P\-ß-fpsS t_m[-\n-e-hmcw hf¿Øn-s°m≠p htc-≠-Xp≠v.AXns‚ A`m-h-Øn¬ apX-em-fnØ t_m[w Cc´n i‡n-tbmsS AXn-{I-an®p Ib-dp-sa∂v tkmhn-b‰v bqWn-bs‚ A-\p-`hw ImWn®p Xcp-∂p''. am¿Ivknkw Hcp ssI∏pkvXIw, s{]m^. sI.-F≥. KwKm-[-c≥

15


_Z¬ tkmjy-en-k-am-Wv, F¥p-sIm≠v?

\oXn\- nj- vSa- mbn apX-em-fnØw kmaq-ly-\o-Xnbpw P\m-[n-]-Xyhpw

BcmWv sXmgn-emfn....? B[p-\nI D¬]m-Z-\-Øn¬ D¬∏m-Z\ £a-ßf - mb kmt¶-XnI hnZy-If - mWv D]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂-Xv. Cu kmt¶-XnI hnZy-Iƒ \nc-¥cw hnI-kn-°p-I-bmWv. Imbn-Im-[zm\w sIm≠v \n¿h-ln®n-cp∂ tPmen-Iƒ b{¥-߃ \n¿hln-°p-∂p. b{¥-߃ D≠m-°p-∂-Xn\pw, {]h¿Øn-∏n-°p-∂-Xn\pw kmt¶XnI ]cn-⁄m\w Bh-iy-am-Wv. hnZym-`ym-khpw kmt¶-XnI ⁄m\hp-ap≈ sXmgn-em-fn-I-fpsS FÆw h¿≤n-®p-h-cp-I-bm-Wv. Cu hkvXpX Nq≠n-Im´n sXmgn-em-fn-If - psS FÆw Ipd™v hcp-I-bmsW∂v _p¿jzm-]WvUn-X¿ A`n-{]m-b-s∏-Sp-∂p. a‰v hn`m-K-ß-fpsS FÆw Ipd-™p-h-cpsa∂pw sXm-gn-emfn h¿Kw Db¿∂p hcp-sa-∂p-ap≈ am¿Ivkn-b≥ kao-]\-Øn\v FXn-cm-bmWv kwK-Xn-Isf∂pw Ah¿ ]d-bp-∂p. ""kz¥w D¬]m-Z-t\m-]m-[n-Iƒ \n-tj[n-°-s∏-´-h-cpw, A[zm-\-i‡n hn‰psIm≠v am{Xw D]-Po-h\w \S-Øp-∂hcpw D¬]mZ-\-{]-{Inb-°n-S-bn¬aq-e[-\-Øm¬ t\cn´p NqjWw sNø-s∏Sp-∂-h-cp-amb Iqen-th-e°m-cmWv sXmgnem-fn-Iƒ'' (am¿Ivkv) G-‰hpw imkv{Xo-b-amb \n¿h-N-\-am-Wn-Xv. sSIvt\m-]m¿°nte Iw]yq-´¿ F©n\nb¿ sXmgn-em-fn-sb∂p hnfn-°-s∏Sm≥ Xm¬]-cy-s∏-Sn-√m-bn-cn-°pw. ]t£ Abmƒ D¬]m-Z-t\m-]m-[n-IfpsS DS-a-bm-bn-cn-°n√. A[zm-\i‡n hn¬°p-∂p-≠v. NqjWw sN-øs∏-Sp-∂p-ap-≠v. AXp-sIm≠v Iw]yq´¿ F©n-\o-b¿ sXmgn-em-fn-bm-Wv. sSen-hn-j≥ Nm\-en¬ kwKo-X-]-cn]mSn A-h-X-cn-∏n-°p-∂-bmƒ sXmgnem-fn-bm-Wv. kq∏¿ kvs]jym-en‰n

16

kakvX kº-Øn-s‚bpw BZna DSa ssZh-am-sW∂v IcpXnbm¬ t]mepw ssZhw Zm\w X∂ Akw-kvIrX hn`-h-ß-fp-]tbm-Kn®v kºØv Ip∂p-Iq-´n-bXv a\p-jy-cmWv F∂-Xn¬ X¿°ap-≠m-hn√ a\p-jys‚ _p≤nbpw ssIIfpw ^e-{]-Z-ambn {]tbmKn-°s - ∏-´t- ∏m-gmWv CXv kw`-hn-®X - v. `qan°pw kº-Øn\pw thensI´n AXn-cp-I-fn-´-t∏m-gmWv kzØv kzIm-cy-am-bX.v AXv kwc£n-°m-\p≈ \oXn-im-kv{X-ß-fpw, a¿±-\m-bp-[-ßfpw `c-W-Iq-Sß-fp-sa√mw kzØns‚ DS-a-Iƒ ]Sp-Øp-b¿Øn-b-Xm-Wv. A[nIm-ch - y-hÿ - b - psS \n¿am-WØ - n¬ ssZh-Øn\v bmsXmcp tdmfpw kmaq-ly-imkv{Xw I¬]n®p \¬Ip-∂n-√.-F∂ - m¬ A[n-Imcw \ne\n¿Øm≥ Hcm-bp-[a- mbn ssZhw D]-tbm-Kn-°s - ∏-´p-sh-∂Xv t\cv. a\p-jys‚ Bhn¿`m-h-Øn\v tijw kl-{km-_vZ-߃ Ign™v ]nd-hn-sb-SpØ aX-Z¿i-\-߃, A∂∂v \n-e-\n∂ kmaq-ly-hy-hÿ-If - psS \S-Øn-∏p-Im¿ cq]-s∏-Sp-Øn-bX - m-sW∂v imkv{Xob sXfn-hp-I-tfmsS C∂v \mw a\- n-em-°p-∂p-≠v. ssZh-Øns‚ Aºm-kn-U¿ cmPm-hm-sW∂pw ssZh-\o-Xn-bmWv cmP-\o-Xnbmbn \S-∏n-em-°p-∂-sX∂pw ]d™p ]Tn-∏n® ]utcm-ln-XysØ sh√p-hn-fn®p sIm≠mWv tbip Ah-X-cn-®X.v ]s£ cmPm-[nIm-chpw ]utcm-ln-Xyhpw tbip-hn-s\bpw At±-l-Øns‚ \oXnim-kv{X-ß-sfbpw sslPm°v sNbvXpw {InkvXp-aXsØ AhcpsS h¿§-Xm¬]-cy-ßf - psS XS-hd- b - n¬ Ipcn-°n-bn-´p-sh-∂Xv Ncn{X-]mTw. h¿§-ßtfm A\o-Xn-I-fpsS Z¿i-\-ßtfm ssZh-I¬]nX-am-sW∂v ]d-bm≥ {InkvXp-a-X-ta-e-[y-£≥am¿°v t]mepw ss[cy-an-√m-ØXns‚ ImcWw as‰m-∂-√. F∂m¬ "cmPmhpw' "]ptcm-ln-X\pw' "I®-h-S-°m-c\pw' "iq{Z-\p'am-bn-´mWv ssZhw a\p-jysc krjvSn-®-sX∂v C¥y-bnse {_m“W-aXw (a-\p-hns‚ imkv{Xw) ]d-bp-∂p-≠v. ]pcm-X-\-amb sslμh Z¿i-\-Øns‚ P\m-[n-]Xy kz`m-hhpw km¿Δ-eu-In-IXbpw XI¿°p∂ Cu h¿§ hn`-P\w cmPmhpw ]ptcm-ln-X\pw hym]m-cnbpw iq{Z-\p-sam-s°-bmbn kaq-lsØ hn`-Pn-®p-\n¿Ønb-h-cpsS A¿∞-im-kv{X-km-ln-Xy-am-sW-∂Xv kXyw. hyh-ÿm]n-X-amb I®-h-Shpw ]utcmln-Xy-hp-sams° \mtem At©m Bbncw h¿j-߃°v apºv am{X-ap-≠m-bn-cp∂ Imcy-am-sW∂pw AXn-s\-{Xtbm kl-{km-_vZ-߃°v apºv Xs∂ `qan-bn¬ a\pjy-cp-≠m-bn-cp-∂p-sh-∂p-ap≈ hnh-c-߃ {_m“-W-a-X-Øns‚ h¿§-hn-`-P\w X≈n-°-f-bp-∂p. ssZh-kr-jvS-amWv {]]-©-sa∂v Aw-Ko-I-cn-®mepw \oXn-im-kv{XPEOPLE AGAINST GLOBALISATION

BtKm- f - h ¬°- c - W - Ø n- s \- X nsc P\- ß ƒ


_Z¬ tkmjy-en-k-am-Wv, F¥p-sIm≠v?

Hcp sI´p-I-Y-bm-hp∂sX-¥p-sIm-≠v ? ßfpw kmaqly LS-\I - fpw a\p-jy-\p-≠m-°p-∂Xpw Bhiym- \ p- k - c Ww ]cn- h ¿Ø- \ - s ∏- S p- ∂ - X p- a m- s W- ∂ p≈ s]mXp-\n-K-a-\-Øn¬ \mw FØp-I-bm-Wv. Nqj-Wm-[njThpw A]-cn-jvIr-X-hp-amb kmaq-ly-hy-h-ÿ-Iƒ ]cnjvIr-Xa- m-bh - bv°v hgn-am-dn-sIm-Sp-Øp-sh∂v kmcw. ImemXoXhpw ssZh-I¬]n-X-hp-amWv Xß-fpsS \oXn-im-kv{Xß-sf∂v ]d-™h - s - c√mw Ime-Øns‚ c≠v {][m\ Bhiy-߃°v apºn¬ kzbw ]cn-h¿Ø-\-s∏-´n-´p≠v kmaqly-\o-Xn°pw P\m-[n-]-Xy-Øn-\pw(-AXv F{X {]mIr-X-cq]-Øn-em-sW-¶n-epw) th≠n-bpff apd-hn-fn-bmWv Hmtcm hyh-ÿ°pw FXnsc sh√p-hnfn Db¿Ønb LS-Iw. IqSpX¬ \oXn-\n-jvS-am-hm\pw P\m-[n-]-Xy-]-c-ambn ]p\xkwLSn-∏n-°-s∏-Sm\pw Adn™pw Adn-bm-sXbpw a\pjy-k-aqlw \S-Øn-s°m-≠n-cn-°p∂ t]mcm-´-ß-fpsS ]cº-c-Iƒ Ahn-sS-sb√mw \ap°v hmbn-s®-Sp-°mw. ASn-a-˛D-Sa hyh-ÿ-bn¬ \n∂pw B[p-\nI apX-em-fn-Øhpw tkmjy-en-kvddv ]co-£-W-ß-fpw-hsc Cu t]mcm-´-ß-fneqsS Db¿∂Xv h∂Xv Xs∂-bm-W!v.

apX-em-fn-Ø-Øn\v a\p-jy-ap-J-apt≠m? \oXn \njvS-amb apX-em-fnØw Hcp sI´p-I-Y-bm-hp-∂-sX¥p-sIm≠v F∂-dn-bm≥ km{am-P yXz BtKm-f-h¬°-cW-Øns‚ bYm¿∞ cq]w a\- n-em-°n-bm¬ aXn. temIw Hcp ItºmfamhpI F∂-XmWv BtKm-f-h¬°-c-WØns‚ A¿∞w. Itºm-f-Øns‚ Nme-I-i‡n em`-amWv. em`hpw Itºm-fhpw XΩn-ep≈ _‘w apdn-bp-tºmƒ Itºmfw Xs∂ XI-cpw. h¿≤n® em`-Øn\v IqSp-X¬ NqjWw A\n- h m- c y- a m- W vXm\pw. \oXn \njvS- a mbn {]h¿Øn-°p∂ Itºmfw Hcn-°epw Itºm-fa- m-hn-s√-∂pw, Itºm-fØ - n\v AXn¿Øn-Itfm \nb-{¥-Wß - tfm kzoImcy-a-s√∂pw apX-em-fnØw {]Jym-]n-°p-∂Xv Cu A¿∞Øn-em-Wv. Itºm-fØ - n\v \oXn ]pe¿Øm-\m-hp-∂Xv em`Øn-t\mSv am{X-am-Wv.Itºmf hyh-ÿ-bn¬ kaqlw F∂m¬ Itºm-f-Øn-en-S-s]-Sp∂ i‡n-Iƒ am{X-am-Wv. AXm-bXv BtKm-fh - ¬°-cWw kmaq-ly-ssh-cp-≤y-߃ G‰hpw `oI-c-amb tXmXn¬ h¿≤n-∏n-°p-∂p. Itºm-fsØ `c-W-Iq-S-Øn\v \nb-{¥n-®p-IqtS F∂ tNmZy-hp-ap≠v. BtKmf h¬°-cWw IpØ-I-I-fpsS ta[m-hn-Xzhpw aqe-[-\-Øns‚ B[n-]-Xy-hp-am-Wv. temIPEOPLE AGAINST GLOBALISATION

BtKm- f - h ¬°- c - W - Ø n- s \- X nsc P\- ß ƒ

...BcmWv sXmgn-emfn....? Bip]{Xn sI´n-Stam kuI-cy-ßtfm ikv{X-{Inbm D]-Ic - W - ß - tfm hnZ≤ tUmIvS-dpsS kz¥-a-√. kz¥w A[zm\ i‡n \n›nX aWn-°q-dp-Iƒ°v hn¬°pI-bm-W-bmƒ. hn.-F-kv.-F-kv.-kn-.bnse imkv{X-⁄\pw sXmgn-emfn Xs∂. hmkvX-h-Øn¬ apX-em-fnØ hyh-ÿbn¬ sXmgn-em-fn-I-fpsS FÆw s]cp-Ip-Ibm-W.v ]≠sØ sXmgn-em-fn-b√ Ct∏m-gt- ØXv F∂mWv thsdmcp {]Nm-c-Ww. sXmgnemfn amdn-t∏m-bn. PohnX \ne-hmcw sa®-s∏-´p. Fs∂√mw hmZn-°-s∏-Sp-∂p. F∂m¬ sXmgn-em-fn-I-fpsS ÿnXn Zb\o-bm-h-ÿ-bn¬ XpS-cp-∂p. F∂-Xt√ kXyw? apX-em-fn-bpw sXmgn-em-fnbpw XΩnep≈ Bt]-£nI ÿnXn IqSp-X¬ hj-fm-hpIbm-Wv sNbvXn-´p-≈X - v. ap≠n\p ]Icw ]m‚ v [cn-°p-Ibpw I∏°p ]Icw tNmdp Ign-°p-I-bpw, _oUn°p ]Icw knK-c‰v hen-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂Xv Nq≠n-°m´n sXmgn-em-fn-IfpsS ÿnXn sa®s∏´p F∂p ]d-bp-∂h¿ c≠p-Im-cy-ß-sf-°p-dn®p au\w ]men-°p-∂p. H∂v, apX-emfn ssIh-i-am°nb em`hpw kzcp-°q-´nb aqe-[-ehpw Iø-S-°nb kpJ-t`m-K-ßfpw F{Xtbm Cc-´n-bmbn Db¿∂p. c≠v, kaq-lØnse as‰mcp hkvXp-Xbpw kuI-cy]q¿Δw ad-°-s∏-Sp∂p. sXmgn-em-fn-Iƒ H∂-S¶w AI-s∏´ IS-_m-[y-X-Iƒ, Hcp Icn\ng¬ t]mse CX-hsc ]n¥p-S-cp∂p. \qdp cq] A[nI hcp-am\w apX-emfn°p e`n-°p-tºmƒ AXn¬ \n∂pw ]Øp-cq] sXmgn-em-fn-bp-ambn ]¶p-sh®vIr-Xy-amb kº-∂X - m-t_m[w D≠m-°pIbpw tZiob hcp-am-\-Øn¬ ]¶m-fn-bmsW∂v hcp-Øn-Øo-¿°p-I-bp-amWv apX-emfnØw sNø-p∂Xv. am¿Ivknkw Hcp ssI∏pkvXIw, s{]m^. sI.-F≥. KwKm-[-c≥ 17


_Z¬ tkmjy-en-k-am-Wv, F¥p-sIm≠v?

B[p-\nI sXmgn-em-fn°v \jvS-s∏Sm≥ Nne-sXm-s°-bpt≠m? \jvS-s∏-´m≥ Nne-sXm-s°-bp-s≠-∂m-Wv _p¿jzm ]WvUn-X-∑mcpsS hmZw. am¿Ivkns‚ ImeØp Xs∂ Nne ]WvUn-X-∑m¿ C°m-cyw D∂-bn-®n-cp-∂p. Ct∏mƒ Cu hmZ-Øn\v i‡n IqSn-bn-cn-°p-∂p. Nne sXfn-hpIfpw \nc-Øp-∂p-≠v. sXmgn-em-fn-I-fpsS Iqen ]≠sØ-°mƒ Db¿∂n-´p-≠v, Pohn-X-ku-I-cy-ß-fpw-h¿≤n®n-´p≠v F∂-XmWv apJy-hm-Zw. hne-°-b-‰hpw A[zm\Xo-{h-X-bpw, apX-em-fn-I-fpsS em`-h¿[-\hpw ]cn-K-Wn°msX sXmgn-em-fn-I-fpsS Iqen-bn-ep-≠mb ]W-]-camb h¿[\ Nq≠n-°m-Wn-°p-I-bmWv Cu ]WvUn-X≥ sNøp-∂Xv . am{X-hp-a-√, am¿Ivkv Nq≠n-°m-Wn-®-Xpt]m-se, AX-Xp-Im-esØ kmaq-ly-amb Pohn-Ø-Xn-\mh-iy-amb LS-I-߃ IqSn-]-cn-K-W-t°-≠-Xp-≠v. Ncn-{X]-c-amb Cu LSIw Xo¿®-bmbpw {][m-\-am-Wv. ap´n-dßmØ ap≠p-Sp-ØmWv Hcn-°¬ sXmgn-emfn tPmen°p t]mbn-cp-∂-Xv F∂p IcpXn B[p-\nI bpK-Ønepw AtX am\-ZWvU-am-ItWm I™nbpw ]pgp°pw AIØm°n sXmgn-seSpØn-bn-cp∂ AtX ÿnXn C∂p \ne-\n¿Øm-\m-Iptam sXmgn-em-fn-I-fpsS PohnX \nehm-c-Øn-ep-≠m-Ip∂ Cu hI am‰-ßsf IqSn IW-°nse-Sp-°m-Xn-cn-°p-∂-sXßs\? hmkvX-h-Øn¬ B[p\nI sXmgn-emfn kIq´¿bm{X sNøp-∂Xpw Ae-°ntØ® j¿´p-]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂Xpw tIm¨{Io‰p sI´n-SØn¬ Xma-kn-°p-∂Xpw Iqen h¿[-\-bmbn ImWm≥]m-Sn-√. Ah-sb√mw A[zm-\-i-‡n-bpsS aqeyØnse (Iq-en-bp-sS) Ncn-{X-]-c-amb AYhm kmaq-lyamb LS-Iß - f - m-Wv. c≠p Ah-iy-L-S-I߃ IqSn {]k-‡-ß-fm-bp-≠v. sXmgn-emfn Abm-fpsS `mcy-sbbpw a°-sfbpw t]m‰n hf¿Ø-Ww. sXmgn-em-fn-bpsS ac-W-tijw Abmƒ°p ]Icw \n¬°m≥ sXmgn-emfn thWw. AtX-t]mse A[zm-\i -- -‡nsb hnI-kn-∏n-°p-∂-Xn\pw sshZKv[yw t\Sp-∂-Xn-\pw Bh-iy-amb hnZym-`ym-khpw ]cn-io-e\hpw e`n-°-Ww. sXmgn-em-fn°p kzbw sshZKv[yw B¿÷n°m-\p≈ ]cn-io-e\-ap≠mIWw! ASpØ Xeap-d°v sa®-s∏´ kmt¶-XnI ]cn-⁄m\w \n¬Im\pw sXm-gn-em-fn-°p-I-gn-bWw A[zm-\i-‡nsb D¬]m-Zn-∏n°p-∂-Xn\pw hnI-kn-∏n-°p-∂-Xn\pw \ne-\n¿Øp-∂Xn\pw th≠n-h-cp∂ Ahiy km[-\-ß-fpsS aqeyamWv A[zm-\-i-‡n-bpsS aqeysØ \n¿W-bn-°p-∂-Xv. Cu \n¿h-N\ {]Imcw sXmgn-em-fn-Iƒ Ic-ÿ-am°p∂ Iqen h¿[\ sa®-s∏´ kmº-ØnI ÿnXnbpsS {]Xo-I-ambn IW-°m-°m≥ ]mSn-√. am{X-a√ F√m hn`mKw sXmgn-em-fn-Iƒ°pw sa®-s∏´ Iqen e`n°p-∂n√. sXmgn¬ D≈n-S-tØmfw am{Xta Iqen-bp≈p F∂ ÿnXn-bp≠v . am¿Ivknkw Hcp ssI∏pkvXIw, s{]m^. sI.-F≥. KwKm-[-c≥ 18

Ønse 100 {]_e kº-ZvL-S-\-sf-Sp-Øm¬ AXn¬ 51 Dw Cu tIm¿∏-td-j-\p-I-fp-tSXmWv. _m°n 49 FÆw am{Xta cmjv{Sß-fm-bp-≈p. 9 hnI-knX cmjv{S-ßsf am‰n\n¿Øn-bm¬ 173 cmP y-ß-fpsS tZiob hcp-am-\-Ønepw IqSp-X-emWv 200 IpØ-II-fpsS hm¿jnI hchv. aqe-[-\-Øns‚ IpØ-Im-hI - m-in-Iƒ Xs∂-bmWv apX-em-fnØ-Øn¬ cmjv{Sob A[n-Im-chpw ssIømfp-∂-Xv. kmt¶-XnI hnZybpw imkv{Xhpw kºØpw ssIø-S-°nb IpØ-I-IfpsS GP≥kn-If - m-hp-∂X - n-\∏ - pdw tZiob `c-WIq-S-߃°v bmsXmcp tdmfp-an√. `c-WIq-SsØ D]-tbm-Kn®v A\¿l-ambn tZiob hn`-h-߃ sIm≈-sN-øp-∂-Xn\v IpØ-IIƒ {ian-°p-tºmƒ `cW IqS߃ t\m°pIp-Øn-I-fm-hp-∂-Xns‚ A¿∞w CXm-Wv. Itºm-fØ - ns‚ hym]-\Ø - n\pw hf¿®-bv°pambn "\nb-am-\p-krXw' NqjWw sNøp∂ A¥m-cmjv{S ÿm]-\ß - sf A\p-kc - n-°p∂-Xn-\-∏pdw bmsXmcp ZuXyhpw `c-W-IqS-߃°n√. AXm-bXv BtKm-fh - ¬°-cW - Øn¬ `c-W-Iq-S-߃ Zp¿_-ehpw IpØ-IIƒ AXn-i‡ - c - p-ambn Xocp∂p. `c-WI - qSw Itºm-fsØ \nb-{¥n-°p-∂-Xn\v ]Icw Itºmfw `c-W-Iq-SsØ \nb-{¥n-°p∂p F∂v kmcw! A[n- I mc hyh- ÿ - b psS P\m-[n-]X - y-h¬I-cWw t]mbn´v tIh-ea- mb P∑m-hI - m-iß - ƒt]mepw `c-WI - q-Sß - ƒ°v, kz¥w P\-Xbv°v \¬Im-\m-hm-Ø-Xns‚ Imc-W-an-Xm-Wv. IqSmsX BtKm-f-h¬°c-W-Øn¬ hym]mcw sNøp∂ {][m-\-hn`hw aqe-[-\-am-Wv. kmº-ØnI aqe-[\w Hcn-°epw ÿmbn-bmbn Fhn-sSbpw NphSp-d-∏n-°p-∂n-√. sNdn-sbmcp kmaq-ly-kwL¿jw t]mepw aqe-[-\sØ sImØn-sbSp- Ø p- s Im- ≠ p- t ]m- h mw. A¥m- c mjv{S Hmlcn hym-]m-c-Øns‚ KXn-hn-K-Xn-Iƒ°\p-k-cn®v ]d-∂p-\-S-°p∂ Cu aqe-[\w tZiob P\-hn-`m-K-ßfpsS A[zm-\-aqeyw X´n-sb-Sp-°p∂Xn\∏pdw Fhn-sSbpw \nebp- d - ∏ n- ° p- ∂ n- √ .D¬]m- Z \ {]{In- b - b n¬ \nt£-]n-°∏ - S- p∂ aqe-[\ - Ø - n\v e`n-t°≠ h≥em-`-hn-ln-X-a-\p-k-cn®v D¬]-∂-Øn\v hne-bn-tS≠n hcn-Ibpw sNøpw. AsXm-cn°epw \oXn-\n-jvTa- mb D]t`mKXm¬]-cy-ßtfmSv s]mcp-Ø-s∏-Sp-∂n-√.-^-e-Øn¬ tZiob D¬]m-Z\ hf¿® Hcp aco-Nn-I a- m-{X-ambn PEOPLE AGAINST GLOBALISATION

BtKm- f - h ¬°- c - W - Ø n- s \- X nsc P\- ß ƒ


_Z¬ tkmjy-en-k-am-Wv, F¥p-sIm≠v?

XpS- c pw. km{am- P yXz BtKm- f - h ¬°c- W - Ø n\pw AXns‚ \nb-a-߃°pw P\m-[n-]-Xy-Øn-s‚tbm kmaqly-\o-Xn-bp-sStbm Hcp apJw aqSn t]mepw FSp-Ø-Wnbm≥ Ign-bm-Ø-hn[w AXv {]I-S-ambpw GI-]-£o-bamWv F∂m-WnXv ImWn-°p-∂-Xv. sNdn-sbmcp am‰w t]mepw hyh-ÿn-Xn-bpsS IS-bv°¬ IØnsh-bv°p-sa∂v AXns‚ \S-Øn-∏pIm¿°-dn-bmw. AXm-bXv P\m-[n-]Xy-Øn\pw kmaq-ly-\o-Xn-°p-ap≈ GsXmcp apt∂-‰hpw km{am-P yXz BtKm-fh - ¬°-cW - Ø - ns‚ kºq¿Æ \ncmk-Øn¬ \n∂p am{Xta e£yw ImWp-I-bp-≈p.

tkmjy-enÃv {]tbm-Kw-˛-Hcp \nc-¥c t]mcm-´-amWv. Hcp hymg-h´w apºv tkmhn-b‰v bqWn-b≥ F∂ tkmjyenÃv amXr- I - X - I ¿∂- S n- b p- t ºmƒ Ncn- { X- Ø ns‚ A¥yhpw am¿Ivkn-k-Øns‚ ac-Whpw {]h-Nn-®n-cp-∂h¿ B¿Øp-hn-fn®p, BÀm-Z-\rØw Nhn-´n-b-h-cn¬ Cu hyh-ÿn-Xn-bpsS Imh¬°mcpw tkmhn-b‰v bqWn-b\nse IΩyq-WnÃv t\Xr-Xzhpw D≠m-bn-cp-∂p. F¥p-sIm≠mWv Cß-s\ -kw-`-hn-®-Xv? DØcw efn-X-a-s√-¶nepw ImcWw hfsc hy‡-am-Wv. tkmhn-b‰v bqWn-b-\n¬ tkmjy-enÃv \n¿ΩmWw Hcp t]mcm-´-am-bn-cp-∂n-√. hyhÿ-bpsS \∑-I-f-√. A¥¿eo-\-amb kmaqly sshcp≤y-ß-fmWv h¿§ kacw krjvSn-°p-∂-Xv. tkmjy-enÃv hyh-ÿ-bn¬ Db¿∂p-h∂ kmaqly sshcp-≤y-߃ hyh-ÿ-tb-Xs∂ XI¿°p∂ kwL¿j-ß-fm-b-t∏mƒ AXv XI¿∂p! tkmjy-enÃv ]co-£-W-Øn¬ Db¿∂ph∂ kmaq- l y- s sh- c p- ≤ y- ß ƒ ]cn- l - c n- ° m≥F¥psIm≠v hyh-ÿ°v tijn-bp-≠m-bn-√.? Cu At\z-jWw Nc-a-K-Xn-b-S™ Ncn-{X-Øns‚ {]bm-W-Øn\pw temIØm- s I- b p≈ Nqjn- X - c psS AXn- P o- h \ - t ]m- c m- ´ ߃°pw Icp-Øp-]-I-cp-∂-Xm-Wv. _Z¬ tkmjy-en-kamsW∂v {]Jym-]n-°m≥; XI¿∂ tkmjy-en-k-Øns‚ D≈-S-°hpw {]tbm-K-Ønse sshcp-≤y-ßfpw th¿Xncn-®-dn-bm-sX-hø. Hc¿∞-Øn¬ \mw `mKy-ap-≈-h-cm-Wv-˛-a-l-Ømb-Hcp Z¿i-\-Øns‚ {]mtbm-Kn-I A\p-`-h-߃ Cg-]n-cn-s®Sp-°m\pw DZm-Øa- mbn ]p\-cm-hn-jvIc - n-°m\pw BZy-ambn Ah-kcw ssIh∂ Xe-apdbmWv \Ωp-tSXv! tkmjyenÃv ]cm-Pb - sØ efn-Xh - ¬I-cn-°p-∂h - cpw apX-em-fnØ ta¬tIm-bvasb "P\m-[n]-Xy-h¬I-cn-°p-∂'-hcpw ]cmPb-Øns‚ ]mT-߃ ]Tn-°m-sX Ncn-{X-Øns‚ ac-Wsam-gn-sb-Sp-°m-\mWv {ian-°p-∂-Xv. F¥m-bn-cp∂p tkmjy- e nÃv ]co- £ - W sØ XI¿Ø B`y- ¥ chpw _mly- h p- a mb sshcp- ≤ y- ß ƒ? Fßs\ \ap- ° Xn¬\n∂pw c£-s∏Smw? Cu At\z-jWw ASpØ t]Pp-I-fn¬.. (F.-sI.)

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BtKm- f - h ¬°- c - W - Ø n- s \- X nsc P\- ß ƒ

sXmgn-em-fn-Iƒ Zcn-{Z-cm-b-Xp-sIm≠√ apX-em-fnØw XI-c-W-sa∂v Ah¿ B{K-ln°p-∂-Xv. ISpØ Zmcn-{ZyØn¬ Ign-bp∂bmƒ hnπ-h-Im-cnbpw Zmcn-{Zy-an√m-Ø-bmƒ hnπ-h-hn-tcm-[n-bp-am-I-W-sa-∂n-√. Zmcn{Zyw C√m-Xm-Ip-∂t- XmsS sXmgn-emfnbpw apX-em-fnbpw XΩn-ep≈ ASn-ÿm\ sshcp[yw ]cn-lr-X-am-Ip-∂n-√. apX-em-fn-Iƒ D¬]m-Z-t\m-]m-[n-I-fpsS DS-a-I-fpw sXmgn-em-fnIƒ A[zm-\-i‡n hn‰v D]-Po-hn\w Ign°p∂hcpw F∂-XmWv ASn-ÿm\ sshcp-[yw. Cu sshcp[yØn-\v-A-Sn-ÿm\w kzmIm-cy-kzØp-S-a-ÿ-X-bm-Wv. sXmgn-em-fn-I-fpsS kmaqly-]-Z-hn°pw apX-em-fn-I-fpsS kmaqly]Zhn°pw am‰-an-√. am¿Ivkv Nq≠n-Im-Wn-®-Xpt]mse Hcp Imcyw hy‡-am-Wv. {]IrXn Ipsd-t]sc ]W-Øn\pw Nc-°p-Iƒ°pw DSaI-fmbpw Ipsd-t]sc A[zm-\-i-‡n-b√msX as‰m∂pw ssIh-i-an-√m-Ø-h-cp-ambn krjvSn°p-∂n-√. F√m-h¿°pw Ah-Imiw ka-am-sW∂¿Yw. Cu Xpey-X-bm-Wv apX-em-fnØ hyhÿ A]-l-cn-°p-∂-Xv. Iqen h¿[-\tbm a‰p kuI-cy-ßtfm e`n-°p-tºm-gpw, sXmgnemfn Iqen ASn-a-bm-Wv. Iqen-the Ah-km-\n∏n-°p-I-bmWv sXmgn-emfn h¿K-Øns‚ e£yw. sXmgn-em-fn-I-fpsS kmaq-ly \ne C∂v hfsc ]cn-Xm-]-I-c-am-Wv. `uXn-I-\ne A¬]w sa®-s∏-´n-´p-≠mhpw am¿Ivkv D]-tbmKn® DZm-l-cWw FSp°mw. ""Hcp hoSv F{X sNdp-Xm-bn-cp-∂mepw Np‰p-]m-Sp-ap≈ hoSp-Ifpw AXp-t]mse sNdp-Xm-bn-cp-∂ Ime-tØmfw AXv Hcp ]m¿∏n-S-Øn-s‚-Xmb F√m kmaqlym-h-iy-ß-tfbpw Xr]vXn-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂p. ]t£, B sNdnb hoSns‚ Acn-In¬ Hcp sIm´mcw Db¿∂p-h-∂m¬ AXv Hcp sN‰-Ip-Snembn Npcp-ßpw. \mK-cn-I-X-bpsS ]ptcm-K-Xn°n-S-bn¬ B hoSv F{X hep-Xm-°-s∏-´mepw Ab¬]°sØ sIm´mcw tXmXntem AXn-epa-[n-Itam hf¿∂m¬ Xmc-X-ta\y sNdnb hoSns‚ DS-a-ÿ\v AXns‚ \mep Npa-cpIƒ°p-≈n¬ IqSp-X¬ sRcp-°hpw ho¿∏pap´epw A\p-`-h-s∏-Spw. am¿Ivknkw Hcp ssI∏pkvXIw, s{]m^. sI.-F≥. KwKm-[-c≥ 19


_Z¬ tkmjy-en-k-am-Wv, F¥p-sIm≠v?

AsX, AsXmcp hne-tb-dnb CS- X p- ] £ hmbm- S n- Ø - w . ""_q¿jzm k¿hm-[n-]-Xy-Øn≥ Iogn¬ apX-em-fn-Ø-Øns‚ ]mX \mw kzoI-cn-°p-∂ns√-¶n¬ sXmgn-em-fn-h¿K k¿hm-[n-]-Xy-Øn≥ Iogn¬ tkmjy-en-k-Øns‚ ]mX kzoI-cn°m≥ km[y-amtWm? C√. AXpw km[y-a-√. ssN\okv hnπ-h-Øns‚ C∂sØ ISa ]q¿Øo-Ic - n-°s - ∏-Sp-∂X - p-hsc tkmjyen--ksa∂ {]i-v\ta DZn-°p-∂n-√. ssN\okv hnπ-hØn\v c≠p L´-ß-fneqsS IS-∂p-t]m-hm-sXhø. ]pXnb P\m-[n-]-Xy-Øns‚ H∂mw L´hpw tkmjy-en-k-Øns‚ c≠mw L´-hpw,B-Zy-L´w ]q¿Øn-bm-hp-∂-Xn\v Ipsd-°m-e-saSp-°pw. Hcp kp{]-`m-Ø-Xn¬ ]q¿Øn-bm-hp-∂X√ B L´-sa-∂¿∞w. \Ωƒ km¶¬]n-Ihm-Zn-I-f-√. AXp-sIm≠v \sΩ t\cn-Sp∂ bYm¿Y ]cn-Xx-ÿn-I-fn¬\n∂v hyXn-N-en°m≥ \ap°v Ign-bn-√. Cu c≠p L´-ßsfbpw t_m[-]q¿Δw Iq´n-°p-g-®p-sIm-≠v. "GI hnπ-h-sa∂ kn≤m¥w' {]N-cn-∏n-°m≥ Nne Ip_p-≤n-Iƒ {ian-°p-∂p-≠v. Cu "kn≤m¥'ØneqsS Iayq-Wn-ks - Øbpw IayqWnÃv ]m¿´n-sbbpw F´mw dq´v ]´m-fs - Øbpw ]pXnb \memw ]S-sbbpw sj≥kn˛-Im≥kp-˛\n-Mvkn-bs - bbpw (A-Xn¿∞n-{]-tZ-iw) {`m¥ambn FXn¿°pI-bmWv Ah¿. as‰mcp Iq´w BfpIfp-≠v. Ah¿ Bflm¿∞-amb "GI-hnπ-hk - n-≤m-¥Ø - n¬ hniz-kn-°p∂p'.-cmjv{Sob hnπ-hhpw kmaq-ly-hn-π-hhpw H‰-bSn-°p-Xs∂ ]q¿Øn-bm-°m-as√m" F∂ km¶¬]nI [mc-W-bmWv Ahsc Cu kn≤m-¥Ø - n-te-°S- p-∏n-°p-∂X - v. \ΩpsS hnπ-hØ - n\v c≠p L´-ßf - p-s≠∂pw BZysØ L´w ]q¿Øn-bm-°n-bX - n-\p-tijw am{Xta c≠m-asØ L´-Øn-te°v {]th-in°p-hm≥ Ign-bp-I-bp-≈p-sh∂pw "H‰-b-Sn°v c≠pw ]q¿Øn-bm°pI" F∂Xv Akm-[y-a-

 20

ap≥ tkmhn-b‰v bqWn-b-\nepw Ing-°≥ bptdm-∏y≥ cmP y-ß-fnepw tkmjy-enÃv kaq-l-\n¿am-W-Øn-\n-Sb°v {]Xy-£-s∏´ sshI-ey-߃ a‰p cmP y-ß-fn¬ Bh¿Øn- ° p- I - b n- s √- ∂ - X n\v Dd- ∏ pt≠m? ""D≠v F∂mWv Fs‚ DØ-cw. F¥p-sIm-s≠-∂m¬ apXem-fn-Ø-Øn¬ \n∂v IΩyq-Wn-k-Øn-te-°p≈ ]cnh¿Ø\w kw_-‘n®v hne-tb-dnb Hcp ]co-£W - a- mWv \S-∂-Xv. ""Cu A\p-`-h-߃'' ]pXn-b- am-\-hn-I-\m-K-cnI-X-bn-te-°p≈ a\p-jy-k-aq-l-Øns‚ {]bm-W-Øn\v Bi-b-]-c-amb Dƒ°-cp-Øpw -{]m-tbm-KnI ]mT-ß-fpw kΩm-\n-®n-´p-≠v. Ah Dƒs°m-≈p-Ibpw hnI-kn-∏n-°pIbpw sNbvXp-sIm≠v apt∂-dp-hm≥ IΩyq-Wn-Ãp-Im¿ _m≤y-ÿ-cm-Wv. ap°m¬ \q‰m-t≠mfw Imew \ne-\n∂ tkmhn-b‰v bqWn-b-\nse tkmjy-enÃv kaq-l-\n¿am-W-Øns‚ {Inbm-fl-I-sa-∂-t]mse \ntj-[m-fl-I-amb ]mT-߃ ]Tn®v tkmjy-enÃv hyh-ÿ-tbbpw am¿Ivkn-Ãv-˛-se-\n\nÃv Bib kap-®-b-tØbpw \ho-I-cn-°m-\mWv C∂sØ am¿Ivkn-Ãv˛- s - e-\n-\n-Ãp-Im¿ temI-sØßpw {ian-°p-∂X - v. CXn¬ ]p\x-]-cn-tim-[-\bv°p hnt[-b-am-t°-≠-sX∂v F\n°p tXm∂p∂ Hcp Imcyw; sXmgn-em-fn-h¿K k¿hm- [ n- ] - X y- s a∂ am¿Ivkv ˛Fw- K ¬kv- ˛ - s e- \ n≥ kn≤m¥w {]mtbm-K-Øn¬ hcp-Øn-b-t∏mƒ ]‰nb sshI-ey-ß-fm-Wv.sXmgn-em-fn-h¿§ k¿hm-[n]Xyw sXmgn-em-fn-h¿K ]m¿´n-bpsS k¿hm-[n-]-Xy-ambpw sXmgn-em-fn-h¿K ]m¿´n-°I - Ø - p-Xs∂ DtZym-Kÿ ta[mhn- X z- a mbpw A[x- ] - X n- ° p- I - s b∂ B]- Ø n- t e°v am¿Ivkpw FwK¬kpw se\n\pw Ah-cpsS ImeØv Xs∂ hnc¬ Nq≠n-bn-´p-≠v, sXmgn-em-fn-h¿K k¿Δm-[n-]-Xy-Ønse _e-{]-tbmKw i{Xp-h¿K-߃s°-Xn-cmbn am{Xta \S-°m≥ ]mSp-≈p. I¿jI P\-km-am-\y-a-S-°ap≈ A[zm-\n-°p∂ _lpP-\ß - ƒt°m hnh[ tZiob P\-hn-`m-Kß - ƒt°m FXncmbn AXp-≠m-h-cpXv. CXv kw_-‘n®v se\ns‚ Cu Xm°oXv At±lw A¥-cn®v GXm\pw h¿j-ßtfmfw A\p-k-cn-°-s∏-´p-sh-¶n-epw, At±lw hnc¬ Nq≠nb hn]Øv ]n∂oSv ho≠pw {]Xy-£-s∏-´p. AXv PEOPLE AGAINST GLOBALISATION

BtKm- f - h ¬°- c - W - Ø n- s \- X nsc P\- ß ƒ


_Z¬ tkmjy-en-k-am-Wv, F¥p-sIm≠v?

]co-£W- a- m-bnc- p-∂p..... C.-Fw.-Fk - .v tkmhn-b‰v Iayq-WnÃv ]m¿´n-bpsS 20mw tIm¨{K-kn¬ hni-Z-ambn hna¿in-°-s∏-Sp-Ibpw B hna-¿i\w ktlm-Z-c-]m¿´n-Iƒ apgp-h≥ icn-sh-bv°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. ]s£, B ""kzbw hna¿i\w'' sIm≠v se\n≥ Nq≠n-°m-Wn® B]Øv C√m-Xm-bn-√.-H-∂n\p ]pdsI as‰m-∂mbn ktlm-Z-c-]m¿´nI-fnepw AXv {]Xy-£-s∏-´p. C¥y-bn¬ Xs∂ kn.-]n.sF (Fw) s‚ km¬°nbm πo\w ""IΩ-‰n°p ]Icw sk{I-´-dn-tb‰v; As√-¶n¬ ]n.-_n.- sk-{I-´-dn-tb-‰n\pw ]n.-_n.°pw ]Icw sk{I-´-dntbm at‰sX-¶nepw t\Xm-thm, hcp∂'' coXn-s°-Xnsc D{K-am-b- Xm-°oXp \¬In-bn-cp-∂p. AXp-t]m-se, t{SUv bqWn-b≥ sXm´p≈ h¿K-_-lp-P-\-kw-L-S\-Isf ]m¿´n-bpsS D]-{K-la- m°n am‰m-\p≈ {]h-WX - s - °-Xn-scbpw km¬°nbm πo\w Xm°oXp \¬In-bn-cp-∂p. sXmgn-emfn I¿jImZn _lp- P - \ - ß - f psS h¿K- k w- L - S - \ - I - f n- e qsS Ah- c psS ap≥ssI hf¿Øn Ah-cn¬ cmjv{So-b-t_m[w hf¿Øm≥ ]m¿´n {ian-°p-∂-Xn-\p-]-I-cw, ]m¿´n-bpsS t\XrXzw h¿K-_-lp-P-\-kwL-S-I-fpsS ta¬ ASn-t®¬]n-°p-∂-Xn-s\-Xn-sc-bmWv km¬°nbm πo\w Xm°oXp \¬In-b-Xv. CXp-t]mse a‰p ktlm-Zc ]m¿´n-It- fm-tcm∂pw AX-Xns‚ kz¥w A\p-`-h-Øn¬ \n∂pw sXmgn-em-fn-h¿K k¿Δm-[n-]-Xy-Øns‚ kmcmw-iw-˛-]m¿´n-°-IØv hym]-I-amb P\m-[n-]-Xyhpw tI{μo-IrX t\Xr-Xz-Øn≥ Iogn¬ I¿i-\-amb A®-S-°hpw tN¿∂ kwL-S-\mco-Xn-˛-{]m-h¿Øn-I-am-°m≥ {ian-°p-I-bmWv. ]m¿´n t\Xr-Xz-Øn-encn-°p∂ kJm-°-fpsS hy‡n-{]-`mhsa∂p hnfn-°s-∏-Sp∂ Zpjv{]h-W-s°-Xn-cmb kacw am{X-amWv AXv Bh¿Øn-°p-I-bn-s√-∂Xn-\p≈ Dd-∏v. sXmgn-em-fn-h¿§ k¿Δm-[n-]-Xy-Øns‚ c≠v Bh-iy-L-S-I-fn-sem∂m-Wv sXmgn-em-fn-h¿Khpw I¿jI P\-k-am-\y-a-S-°-ap≈ A[zm\n-°p∂ _lp-P-\-ßfpw XΩn-ep≈ _‘w. a‰p h¿K-_-lp-P-\hn-`m-K-߃ kz¥w A\p-`-h-Øn-eqsS tkmjy-en-k-Øns‚ am¿KØn-te°p \oßp-I, AXn-\p-th≠ kml-Ncyw sXmgn-em-fn-h¿Kw krjvSn-°p-I. CXmWv sXmgn-emfn h¿K t\Xr-Xz-Øn¬ sXmgnemfn I¿jk-ac kJysØ Bkv]-Z-am-°nb hnime P\m-[n-]-XyØns‚ ASn-ÿm-\w. t\sc adn-®v, I¿jI P\-km-am-\y-a-S-°-ap≈ _lp-P-\-ß-fp-sS-ta¬ _e-{]-tbmKw \S-Øp-I. AXns\ sXmgn-em-fn-h¿K k¿hm-[n-]-Xysa∂ kn≤m-¥-Øns‚ t]cn¬ \ymbo-I-cn-°p-I. F∂ {]h-WX PEOPLE AGAINST GLOBALISATION

BtKm- f - h ¬°- c - W - Ø n- s \- X nsc P\- ß ƒ

msW∂pw Ah¿°-dn-bn-√. c≠v hnπ-hL - ´- ß - f - p≈Xn¬ BZy-tØXv c≠m-at- Ø-Xn\p≈ ]›m-Ø-e-sam-cp-°p-Ibm-sW∂pw _q¿jzm-k¿hm-[n]-Xy-Øns‚ Hcp L´hpw IS∂p-h-cm-\-\p-h-Zn-°msX c≠pw {Iam-\p-KX - a - mbn \S-°W - sa∂pw ]d-bp-∂Xv hfsc icnbm-Wv. P\m-[n-]-Xy-hn-π-hØn\v kz¥hpw \n›n-X-hpamb IS-abn-s√∂pw AXpsIm≠v B hnπhw ]q¿Ønbm-Ip-∂X - p-hsc ImØp\n¬t°≠ Bh-iy-an-s√∂pw tkmjy-enÃv hnπhw \S-ØpI-sb∂ IS-at- bm-sSm∏w Cu IS-abpw \n¿h-ln-°m≥ Ignbp-sa-∂pw Dd-∏n-®p-]-d-bp-Ibm-sW-¶n¬ AXv Hcp tIhe kn≤m-¥-a-√msX as‰m-∂p-a√. bYm¿∞ hnπ-hI - m-cn-Iƒ X≈n-I-f™ Hcp km¶¬]nI kn≤m-¥a - m-WnXv.''˛ amthm tk XqMv, "]pXnb P\m-[n-]Xyw'1938

21


_Z¬ tkmjy-en-k-am-Wv, F¥p-sIm≠v?

tkmhn-b‰v bqWn-b-\nepw Ing-°≥ bqtdm-]y≥ cmP y-ß-fnepw hf¿∂p h∂p. B cmP y-ßfn¬ tkmjy- e n- k - Ø n\v Xncn- ® - S n- I - f p- ≠ m- I m- \ p≈ {][m\ Imc-W-ß-fn-sem-∂m-Wn-Xv. I¿jI P\-km-am-\y-Øns‚ F∂-t]mse hnhn[ tZiob P\-hn-`m-K-ß-fpsS Imcy-Ønepw CtX ]niIp ]‰n-bn-´p-≠v. F√m tZiob P\-hn-`m-K-ßfpsSbpw CjvS-Øn-s\mØv Ahsb GIo-I-cn°pI F∂ am¿Ivkn-Ãv˛ se\n-\nÃv kn≤m-¥Øn\p ]Icw Nne P\-hn-`m-K-ß-fpsS ta¬ _e{]-tbmKw \S-Øm-\p≈ {]h-WX ap≥ tkmjyenÃv cmP y-ß-fn¬ {]Xy-£-s∏-Sp-I-bp-≠m-bn. AXp-sIm-≠mWv tkmhn-b‰v bqWn-b-\nepw Ing°≥ bptdm-]y≥ cmP y-ß-fnepw tkmjy-en-kØns‚ XI¿®sb XpS¿∂v hwio-b-I-em-]-߃ {]Xy- £ - s ∏- ´ - X v. CXn- \ ¿Yw C\n- b - t ßm- ´ p≈ tkmjy-enÃv kaql \n¿am-W-Øn¬ cmP yØv tkmjy-enÃv P\m-[n-]Xyw, sXmgn-em-fn-˛-I¿j-I ka-ssc-Iyw, `cW I£n-bn¬ B`y-¥c P\m-[n]-Xyw, hnhn[ tZiob P\-hn-`m-K-ß-tfmSp≈ XnI®pw P\m-[n-]-Xy-]-c-amb kao-]\w F∂nh I¿i-\-ambn {]tbm-K-Øn¬ hcp-Ø-Wsa-∂m-Wv. CtXm-sSm∏w, tkmjy-enÃv kaq-l\ - n¿am-WØ - n¬ Itºm-fØ - n-\p≈ ]¶v \ntj-[n-°m-\p≈ {]h-WX tkmhn-b‰v bqWn-b-\n¬ {]Xy-£-s∏-Sp-I-bp-≠mbn. CXv sXmgn-emfnh¿§ k¿hm-[n-]-Xy-Øns‚ \s´-s√∂p ]d-bm-hp∂ sXmgn-emfn˛ I¿jI kac-k-JysØ Zp¿_-e-am-°p-sa∂ ImgvN-∏m-tSm-sSbmWv se\n≥ ]pXnb kmº-Øn-I-\bw BhnjvI-cn-®-Xv. F∂m¬ AXn-e-S-ßnb XXzw ]n∂oSv hnkva- c n- ° - s ∏- ´ p. Aßs\ sXmgn- e m- f n- h ¿K k¿Δm-[n-]Xyw Atß-b‰w £oWn-®p-h-∂p. CXn-s‚-sb√mw ^e-amWv tkmhn-b‰v bqWn-b\nepw Ing-°≥ bqtdm-∏nepw tkmjy-enÃv kaql- \ n¿amWw Hcp {]Xn- k - ‘ n- b n- s e- Ø n- b - X v. AXn\p icn-bmb ]cn-lmcw ImWp-∂-Xn\p ]Icw, AXns\ aq¿On- ∏ n°pw hn[- Ø n- e mWv Ãmens‚ ]n≥Km-an-Iƒ-A-h-cpsS \bw Bhn-jvIcn-®X - v Aß-s\-bm-Wv. {IqjvtN-hnkwtKm¿_-t®hn-k-ambn A[x-]-Xn-®Xpw tkmjy-enÃv hyhÿ

XI¿∂p apX-em-fn-ØØ - n-te°p Xncn-®p-t]m°p XpS-ßnbXpw. Cu hyXn-bm-\ - ß - fpw ]mfn-®I - fpw Ign-bp-∂{X Hgn-hm-°nbpw tkmjy-enÃv kaql \n¿am-W-Øns‚ km[y-X-Iƒ ]c-am-h[n D]tbm-Kn-®p-ap≈ Hcp \n¿amW {]{In-b-bmWv ssN\-bnepw hnb-Xv\m-an-epw- sIm-dn-b-bnepw Iyq_-bnepw C∂v \S-°p-∂X - v. C¥y-bS-°a- p≈ ]nt∂m-°-ap-X-em-fnØ cmP y-ß-fn-se am¿IvknÃv-˛-se-\n-\n-ÃvImcpw Cu hgn°p \oßm-\mWv {ian-°p-∂-Xv. B ]m¿´n-I-tfm-tcm∂pw P\m-[n]Xy hnπ-hw. tkmjy-enÃv hnπ-hw, tkmjy-enÃv kaql \n¿amWw F∂n-h-bpsS A\p-`hw kzmb- Ø - a m- ° n- s °m- ≠ mWp apt∂- d p- ∂ - X v. AXn¬ Ah¿°p hgn Im´n-bmbn c≠p {]apJX-Xz-߃ temI tkmjy-enÃv {]ÿm\w BhnjvIc - n-®n-´p-≠v. H∂m-a-Xv, tkmhn-b‰v bqWn-b≥ \ne-\n∂ ImeØv Icp-X-s∏-´n-cp∂-Xp-t]m-se, temIØn-\msI amXr-I-bmb Hcp tkmjy-en-kvddv kaq-l-\n¿amW ]≤-Xn-bn-√. Hmtcm cmP ytØbpw am¿Ivkn-Ãv-˛-se-\n-\n-Ãp-Im¿ X∂m´n-t‚-Xmb ÿnXn-K-Xn-Ifpw A\p-`-h-ßfpw ap≥\n¿Øn P - \ - m-[n-]X - y-hn-πhw ]q¿Øn-bm-ImØn- S Øv AXp ]q¿Øn- b m- ° p∂- X n\pw ]q¿Øn-bm-tb-SØv tkmjy-en-k-Øn-te°p apt∂-dp-∂-Xn\pw hgn-I-fm-cm-bWw. Hmtcm cmP y- t Øbpw P\- ß - f m- W v, Ahn- S psØ sXmgn- e m- f n- h ¿K- Ø n- s ‚bpw am¿Ivkn- à v˛ se\n-\n-kvddv ]m¿´n-bp-sSbpw t\Xr-Xz-Øn¬,A-hnsS {]mtbm-Kn-I-amb tkmjy-enÃv kaql-\n¿am-W-am-XrI cq]-s∏-Sp-tØ-≠-Xv. c≠m-aXv Cu ASn-ÿm-\-Øn¬ {]h¿Øn°p∂ am¿Ivkn-Ãv˛- s - e-\n-\nÃv ]m¿´n-Iƒ ap≥ tkmhn-b‰v bqWn-b≥ sXm´v F√m cmP y-ßfnepw \S∂ hnπ-h-Øn-s‚bpw tkmjy-enÃv kaq-l-\n¿am-W-Øn-s‚bpw {Inbm-fl-I-sa-∂t]mse \ntj-[m-fl-I-hp-amb hihpw a\- nem°n kz¥w cmP y-Øn\p ]‰p∂ amXrI Bhn-jvI-cn-°-Ww.  am¿IvknÃv kwhm-Zw, 1994 BKÃv

""Iayq-WnÃv {]Xy-bi - m-kv{X-Øns‚ {]Nm-cWw hym]n-°p-Ibpw am¿Ivkn-kw-˛s - e-\n-\n-kØ - ns‚ ]T\w i‡ns∏-Sp-Øp-Ibpw thWw. AØ-c-Øn-ep≈ {]Nm-c-Whpw ]T-\-hp-an-√msX ssN\okv hnπ-hsØ `mhn-L-´-amb tkmjyenk-Øn-te°v \bn-°m≥ Ign-bp-Itbm h¿Ø-am-\-Ime P\m-[n-]Xy hnπhw hnP-bn-∏n-°m≥ Ign-bpItbm C√. ka-c-Øn-\p≈ ]pXnb P\m-[n-]Xy ]cn-]mSn \S-∏m-°p-∂-Xn¬ \n∂v Iayq-WnÃv {]Xy-b-im-kv{XØns‚ {]Nm-c-Whpw Iayq-WnÃv kmaqly hyh-ÿbpw XΩn¬ th¿Xn-cn-®p-I-≠m¬ am{Xw t]mcm, Iayq-WnÃv kn≤m-¥hpw hnhn[ {]iv-\-߃ ]cn-tim-[n-°p-∂-Xn¬ A\p-h¿Øn-°p∂ \bhpw XΩn¬ th¿Xn-cn®p ImWp-IIqSn thWw. imkv{Xob ]T-\-߃ ]n¥p-S-cp-∂Xpw {]h¿Ø\w kwL-Sn-∏n-°p-∂Xpw tIU¿amsc ]cn-io-en-∏n°p-∂Xpw tZiob kmwkvIm-c-Øn-\p-th≠n Xøm-dm-°nb ]pXnb P\m-[n-]-Xy-Øn¬ \n∂v th¿Xn-cn-®p-Im-W-Ww. Ah c≠n-s\bpw Iq´n-°p-g° - p-∂Xv kwi-bc - l - n-Xa - mbpw sX‰m-Wv.'' amthm tk XqMv, ]pXnb P\m-[n-]Xyw 1938 22

PEOPLE AGAINST GLOBALISATION

BtKm- f - h ¬°- c - W - Ø n- s \- X nsc P\- ß ƒ


_Z¬ tkmjy-en-k-am-Wv, F¥p-sIm≠v?

tkmjye- nÃv ]co-£W- w: XI¿®-bpsS Imc-Wß - ƒ C¿^m≥ l_o_v

am¿IvknÃv kn≤m-¥-Øn¬ tkmjy-en-kw, apX-em-fn-ØsØ adn-I-

]m¿´n- ° - I Øpw AXp-t]m-se-Xs∂ ]pdØpw \yq\- ] £- ß sf AhcpsS A`n- { ]mbw \ne-\n¿Øm≥ A\p- h - Z n- ° p- ∂ Xn\v AXn- t ‚- Xmb sa®- a p≠v , ImcWw ""XpS- ° Øn¬ kXyw- ` q- c n]£w P\-ß-fpsS ssIbn- e √ Hcp \yq\- ] £Øns‚ ssIbn-emWv '' (P\m-[n-]Xy tI{μoI-c-W-sØ-°p-dn®v amthm-tk-XpMv) PEOPLE AGAINST GLOBALISATION

BtKm- f - h ¬°- c - W - Ø n- s \- X nsc P\- ß ƒ

S∂p hcp∂ kaq-l-Øns‚ Hcp L´-am-Wv. AsXmcp _Z-e√.....-P-\m-[n]Xyh¬°-c-W-sa∂ \nc-¥c {]{In-b-bn¬ apX-em-fnØ hmgvNsb A´na-dn-s®-Øp∂ Db¿∂ kmaqly Ah-ÿ-bm-Wv.. AhnsS kIe D¬]m-Z\ -D-]m-[n-Ifpw kmaq-ly-h¬°-cn-°-s∏-Sp∂p. apX-em-fn-Ø-Øn\v Ignbp∂Xnt\-°mƒ hfsc Db¿∂-tXm-Xn¬ tkmjy-enkw D¬]m-Z-\sØ A\p-kyqXw hnI-kn-∏n-°p-∂p... `c-W-IqSw F√m D¬]m-Z-t\m-]m-[n-I-fptSbpw ta¬ DS-am-h-Im-ihpw \nb-{¥-Whpw ]pe¿Øp-Ibpw ]uc-∑m-cptS-Xn¬ \n∂v hncp-≤-amb, kz¥-am-b, Xm¬]-cy-߃ AXn\v C√m-Xn-cn°p-Ibpw sNøp∂ Hcp LS-\-bmWv tkmjy-en-k‰v hyh-ÿn-Xn. `c-W-Iq-S-Øns‚ \S-Øn∏v Hcp hn`mKw Bfp-I-fp-sS am{Xw ssIbn-em-hpIbpw GXm\pw Nne-cpsS \nb-{¥-W-Øn≥ Iogn¬ am{Xta P\-߃°v sXmgn-eh - I - m-iß - fpw hnZym-`ymk Ah-Im-iß - fpw kmaqly C≥jq-d≥kpw a‰pw A\p-h-Zn-°m≥ Ign-bp-I-bp-≈p-sh∂v hcp-Ibpw sNøp∂ Ah-ÿtb-°p-dn®v 1961-˛62 ¬ amthm-tk-Xpßv cq£-ambn hna¿in-®Xv Iq´n hmbn°p-I. 1963-˛¬ tkmjy-enkw sIm≠v XSn-®psImgp°p-Ibpw `c-WI - q-SsØ \nb-{¥n-°p-Ibpw sNøp∂ {]tXyI B\p-Iq-ey-ß-fp≈ Hcp hn`m-KsØ °pdn®v At±lw kqNn-∏n-°p-Ibpw Ah-cpsS Xm¬]-cy-߃ USSR s\ apX-em-fn-Ø-Øns‚ hns≠-Sp-∏n-te°v \bn-t®°pw F∂v ]o∏nƒkv Ubn-enbpsS apJ {]kw-K-Øn-eqsS {]h-Nn-°p-I-bpw sNbvXn-´p-≠v. ""Cu ÿnXn hntijw kabw hcp-tºmƒ ssN\°pw _m[-I-amhmw! tIU-dp-Isf Agn-a-Xn-°mcpw ss[cyw sI´-hcpw B°n-Xo¿Øm¬ ]ns∂ tZi-hym-]I-ambn {]Xn-hn-π-h-]-c-amb hos≠-Sp∏v kw`-hn-°p-∂-Xn\v A[n-I-Im-ewth≠n hcn-√. Hcp ]t£ GXm\pw h¿j-ß-tfm, Nne ]Xn-‰m-≠p-Itfm aXn-bm-Ipw..-A-tXmsS ssN\-bpsS apgp-h≥ \ndhpw amdpw'' 1963 sabv amk-Øn¬ tkmhn-b‰v XI¿®°v 30 h¿jw apºv Fgp-Xnb Cu hm°p-Iƒ am¿Ivknkv‰v am¿K-Z¿i-\-Øns‚ aIp-tSm-Zm-l-c-W-ambn \ne-sIm≈p-∂p AXm-bXv tkmjy-enÃv `c-W-Iq-SsØ \nb-{¥n°p-∂Xv Bcv(-Fß-s\) F∂-XmWv tkmjy-en-k-Øns‚ `mK-t[bw \n¿W-bn-°p-∂-Xnse a¿a-{]-[m-\-amb tNmZyw. tkmjy-enkw ÿm-]n®p Ign-™m¬ tkmjy-enkv‰v kaq-lsØ ]ptcm-K-Xn-bp-sS-Xmb {]tXyI Zni-bn¬ \bn-°p-∂-Xn\p≈ A‘-amb kmº-ØnI \nbaw bmsXm-∂p-an-√. Hmtcm Nph-Sp-shbv∏nepw \b-_-Z-ep-I-fp-≠v. AXns‚ sXc-s™-Sp-∏m-Is´ {Kq∏ns‚bpw hn`m-K-Øn-s‚bpw (Ah-km-\-am-bn) sXcs™Sp-°p-∂-h-cpsS kz¥-hpamb Xm¬]-cy-Øns‚ \ndw ]nSn-®-Xm-bn-cn°pw. AXp sIm≠p-Xs∂ P\ß-fpsS samØ-Øn-ep≈ Xm¬]-cy-Øn¬ \n∂p hyXn-cn-‡hpw Hcp ]t£ hncp-≤-hp-am-bn-cn-°pw. \mw I≠p Ign-™-Xp-t]m-se, tkmjy-en-k-Øn≥ Iogn¬ thX-\ß - fpw AXp-t]m-se-Xs∂ an®m-[zm-\Ø - ns‚ cq]o-Ic - W - hpw XpS-cp-∂-Xp-sIm≠v sXmgn-em-fnsb ]cn-K-Wn-°msX \n¿Wm-b-I-ß-fmb kmº-ØnI Xocp-am-\-ß-sf-Sp-°p∂ kml-N-cy-ß-fn¬ Abmƒ°v tkmjyen-k-tØmSv h¿[-am-\-amb tXmXn¬ A\y-Xm-t_m[w tXm∂pI Xs∂-  23


_Z¬ tkmjy-en-k-am-Wv, F¥p-sIm≠v?

""hnπ-h-Im-cn-I-fmb tIU¿am¿°v ]I¿∂psIm-Sp-°p∂ hn⁄m\hpw hnπ-h-Imcn-I-fmb _lp-P-\߃°v ]I¿∂p sImSp°p∂ hn⁄m-\hpw KpW]c-ambn Xs∂ H∂v as‰m-∂n¬ \n∂v hyXykvXa - m-bn-cn-°Ww. ]s£ Ahsb At\ym\yw _‘-s∏-SpØWw Db¿∂ ]Z-hn-bnte-°p-b¿Øepw P\Iob h¬I-cW - hpw XΩn¬ At\ym\yw_‘s∏-Sp-ØWw. hnπ-h-kwkvImcw hn]p-e-amb _lp-P-\-ß-fpsS Iøn-epf-f i‡-amb Hcp hnπhm-bp-[-am-Wv. hnπhw \S°p-∂-Xn\p apºv hnπ-hkw-kvImcw AXn-\m-hi - yamb XmXzn-It- h-Zn-sbm-cp°p-∂p. hnπh ka-bØm-h-s´, s]mXp-hn-π-hap-∂-Wn-bnse Ahiyhpw kp{]-[m-\-hp-amb taJ-eb - mbn AXv {]h¿Øn-°p-∂p. hnπ-hImcn-If - mb kmwkvImcnI {]h¿Ø-I¿ kmwkvIm-cnI ap∂-Wnbnse hnhn[ dm¶p-Ifn¬ s]´ Iam-≠¿am-cmIp-∂p. ""hnπ-h-]-c-amb Hcp kn≤m-¥-an-√msX hnπh {]ÿm-\-ap-≠mhpI km[y-a√'' {]mtbmKnI hnπh {]ÿm-\Øn\v hnπ-h-I-c-amb kmwkvIm-cnI {]ÿm\w F{X-am{Xw {][m-\s - ∏-´24

sNøpw tkmjy-enkw {]Zm\w sNøp∂ kmaq-lnI tkh-\-߃ hgn e`y-am-Ip∂ B\p-Iq-ey-ß-sf-°p-dn®v sXmgn-em-fn-Iƒ°p≈ aXn∏v Gsd°m-e-tØ°p XpS-cpw. ]t£ \n£n]vX Xm¬]-cy-ß-fpsS am¿K Z¿in-XzØn¬ tkmjy-enÃp kºZvhyhÿ £tbm≥ap-J-am-Ip-tºmƒ sXmgnem-fn-I-fpsS at\m-`mhw BXy-¥n-I-ambn hntcm-[tam DZm-ko-\-Xtbm Bbn amdpw. B`y-¥c kmº-Øn-I, cmjv{Sob kwL¿jhpw \nc-¥cw km{am-P yXzsØ krjvSn-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p∂ _mly-amb apX-em-fnØ ]cnXx-ÿnXn-I-fpsS klm-bhpw IqSn-bm-Ip-tºmƒ tkmjy-enÃv LS-\ -X-Icpw,. XI¿∂p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p∂ tkmjy-enÃp kº-Zvhy-hÿbn¬ C∂esØ Imcy-ÿ-∑m-cn¬ C∂sØ apX-em-fnØ hyh-km-b-Øns‚ I∏nØm≥amcmbn Ah¿ ImWp-∂p. Hcp Xcw DtZym-Kÿ ta[mhnXz `oIc am^nbm apX-em-fnØw ÿm\w ssIb-S-°p-∂p. t_mƒsj-hn°v hnπ-hØns‚ t\´-ß-fn≥ta¬ sI´n-∏-SpØ tkmjy-en-ksØ kam-[m-\]-camb A´n-a-dn-bp-tS-Xmb Hcp {]{Inb-bn-epsS shdpw c≠p h¿jw (1990˛92) sIm≠p Fßs\ Ipgn-®p-aq-Sm≥ Ign-™p-sh-∂-Xns‚ kzoIm-cyamb Hcp hni-Zo-I-c-W-am-bn-cn°pw CXv. sXmgn-em-fn-h¿§ k¿hm-[n-]Xyw F∂ k¶¬]-sØ km¿∞-I-am-°m≥ `cW IqS-Øn\v samØ-am-bp≈ bYm¿∞ A[n-Imcw apgp-h\pw sXmgnem-fn-I-fpsS t\cn-´p≈ {]Xn-\n-[n-Iƒ hn\n-tbm-Kn-°Ww (C-hnsS sXmgnem-fn-h¿§ k¿hm-[n-]X - y-Ønse sXmgn-em-fn-h¿§w F∂ `mK-am-Wv hnkvacn-°-s∏-´-Xv). ""At∏mƒ Ah¿°v _p¿jzm-`-c-W-Øns‚ Ah-ti-jn-∏mb X≥Imcyw t\m°n-If - mb _yqtdm-{I-kntb H∂p-In¬ hcp-Xn-bn¬ sIm≠ph-cnItbm As√-¶n¬ ]pd-Øm-°pItbm'' (se-\n≥) sNøm≥ Ign-bpw. ]Icw sXmgn-emfnh¿§sØ A[n-Im-c-Øns‚ Dd-hn-S-Øn¬ \n∂pw am‰n {]tXy-Im-\p-Iq-ey-ß-fp≈ {Kq∏v A[n-Imcw Ih¿s∂-Sp-°p-I-bmWv tkmhn-b‰v bqWn-b-\n¬ kw`-hn-®-Xv. XnI™ Dƒ∏m¿´n P\m-[n-]Xyw Bh-iy-ap-s≠-∂p-am-{X-√, (]m¿´n-bpsS t\Xr-Xz-]-c-amb ]¶v `cW LS\-bnse hIp∏v hgn ÿm]n-°m-hp-∂-X-√ AXv {]h¿Øn®v t\tS-≠Xm-Wv). sXmgn-emfn h¿§-Øn\v btYjvSw \b-߃ sXc-s™-Sp-°m≥ Ign-b-Ø-°-hÆw tkmjy-en-k-Øn¬ H∂n-e-[nIw Iayq-Wn-kvddv ]m¿´nI-fp-≠m-hp-∂-Xn\pw km[y-X-Iƒ thW-sa-∂v; hnhn-[-ß-fmb ]m¿´nIƒ°n-S-bn¬ thWw Iayq-Wn-Ãp-Im¿ {]h¿Øn-t°-≠-sX∂pw; ]d-bmsX-h-ø. "_lp-P-\-߃°n-S-bn-ep≈ Bi-b-ß-fpsS Nn´-s∏-Sp-Øepw Nn´-s∏-Sp-Ønb Bi-b-߃ P\-ß-fn-te°v Xncn®p ]I-cepw' F∂- amthm-bpsS Bibw tkmjy-en-kvddv Iyq_-bpsS tkmjy-enÃv \n¿amW-Øn¬ Ct∏mƒ {]Xn-^-en-°p-∂p-≠v. ]m¿´n-°I - Øpw AXp-t]m-se-Xs∂ ]pdØpw \yq\-]£ - ß - sf Ah-cpsS A`n-{]mbw \ne-\n¿Øm≥ A\p-hZ- n-°p-∂X - n\v AXn-t‚-X - mb sa®-ap≠v, ImcWw ""XpS-°-Øn¬ kXyw -`q-cn-]£w P\-ß-fpsS ssIbn-e√ Hcp \yq\-]£Øns‚ ssIbn-emWv (""P\m-[n-]Xy tI{μo-Ic - W - s - Ø-°p-dn®v amthm-tk-XpM)v tkmjy-enÃv \n¿am-W-Øn¬ A¥¿ln-X-amb kmaqlnI sshcp-≤y-߃ D≠m-hm-sa∂ tXm∂¬ am¿Ivkn-Ãp-Im¿ Kuch-tØmsS FSp-Øn-cp-∂n-√. "F∂m¬ tkmjy-en-kv‰p-k-aq-lw hnI-kn°p-∂Xv sshcp-≤y-ßf - n-eq-sS-bm-sW∂v '' amthm-tk-Xpßv ASn-hc - b - n´v {]Jym-]n-°p-∂p≠v (1957). ""A[zm\w Hc-f-hp-tIm-embn h¿Øn-°-W-sa-¶-n¬ AXv AXns‚ Ime-bf-hns‚ As√-¶n¬ Xo{h-X-bpsS ASn-ÿm-\-Øn¬ \n¿h-Nn-°-s∏-SWw'' F∂mWv Imd¬am¿Ivkv Fgp-Xn-bX - v. Cu Imcy-Øn¬ Imbn-Im-[zm-\hpw am\-kn-Im-[zm-\hpw XΩn-ep≈ henb A¥-chpw sshcp-≤yhpw apX-emfn-Ø-Øns‚ khn-ti-j-X-bm-sW∂pw AXv kwkvImc cq]o-I-c-W-sØ  PEOPLE AGAINST GLOBALISATION

BtKm- f - h ¬°- c - W - Ø n- s \- X nsc P\- ß ƒ


_Z¬ tkmjy-en-k-am-Wv, F¥p-sIm≠v?

-hsc kzm[o-\n-°p∂ hn[-Øn¬ cqU-am-sW∂pw tkmjy-enÃv \n¿am-Xm°ƒ I≠-dn-™n-s√-∂v sXfn-bp-∂p. tkmjy-en-k-Øns‚ B¥-c-ssh-cp-≤y-߃°p≈ ÿnc-amb ]cn-lmcw Hcp Xcw A\¿K-f-amb hnπ-h-Øn-eqsS sFXn-lm-kn-I-amb tXmXn-ep≈ "]co-£n-°¬ ]ng-bv°¬' {]{In-b-bn-epsS am{Xta Hcp ]t£ km[y-amhp-I-bp-≈p. Hcp tkmjy-enÃp kaq-l-Øn¬ h¿K Nqj-W-an-√m-Ø-XpsIm≠v ssk≤m-¥n-I-ambn h¿K ka-chpw D≠m-Im≥ ]mSn-s√-∂p-≈-Xv kXy-am-Wv. ]t£ {]tbm-K-Øn¬ A-ß-s\-b-√ _yqtdm-{Im-‰nIv D]-I-cW-Øn-s‚bpw {]tXyIm\p-Iq-ey-ßf - p≈ hn`m-KØ - n-s‚bpw hnIm-kt- ØmSp- I qSn Hcp ]pXnb h¿Kw; B¥c i‡n- s b- g p∂ Hcp ]pØ≥ _p¿jzmkn Db¿∂p hcp-∂-Xn-\p≈ kml-Ncyw ]ns∂bpw Ah-ti-jn°p∂p.A-Ø-c-samcp kYnXn kwPm-Xam-Ip-tºmƒ (F) sXmgn-em-fnh¿Khpw `c-W-Iq-Shpw XΩnepw (_n) am\-kn-Im-[zm-\hpw Imbn-Im-[zm\hpw XΩnepw (kn) ]´-Whpw \m´n≥ ]pdhpw XΩn-ep≈ sshcp≤yßfpw {]tXy-Itam _lp-ap-Jtam Bb h¿K-k-a-c-ß-fpsS kzm`mhw ssIs°ms≠-∂p-hcmw. apgp-h≥ P\-ß-fp-tS-Xp-amb `c-W-Iq-S-Øn¬ h¿K-k-acw D≠m-hpI km[y-a√ F∂ ]d-®n¬ tkmhn-b‰p Iayq-WnÃp ]m¿´n XpS¿∂psIm-≠n-cp-∂t- ∏mƒ t]mepw bp.-Fk - v.F - kv.Bdns\ kzX-{¥-kw-c`I cmP yß-fpsS Hcp kwL--ambn am‰p-hm≥ th≠n {]tXy-Im-\p-Iq-ey-߃ A\p-`hn-°p-∂h - c - psS hn`mKw \S-Øn-s°m-≠n-cp∂ \nc-¥c - {- iaw {]Xy-bi - m-kv{X]-ca- mbn \ncm-bp-[cpw kmº-Øn-Ia- mbn A\y-h¬I-cn-°s - ∏-´h - c - p-amb sXmgn-em-fn-h¿K-Øn-s\-Xn-cmb Hcp h¿Km-{I-a-W-Øn¬ Ipd-s™m-∂p-a-√m-bncp-∂p. tkmjy-enkw Hcn-°¬ ÿm]n-°-s∏´p Ign-™m¬ ]ns∂ AXv A\n-hm-cy-ambpw h¿K-k-a-c-ß-fn¬ \n∂p hnap-Iv-X-am-bn-cn-°p-sa∂v iTn®Xv icn-b-s√∂v hnP-b-I-c-ambn \S∂ apX-em-fnØ ]p\x-ÿm-]\w ImWn®p X∂n-cn-°p-∂p. ]t£, tkmjy-enÃp hmgvN-I-fpsS A\p-`hw hfsc hy‡-ambn \sΩ-]-Tn-∏n-°p-∂-Xp-t]m-se, Du∂n-∏-d-tb≠ Imcyw tkmjy-enÃv i‡n-I-fpsS `mKØp \n∂v, A‘-amb (]-e-t∏mgpw hºn® hn]-co-X^ - e - a- p-fh - m-°p-∂) t]meokv apd-If - p-]t- bm-Kn-®√ - , (]ns∂-tbm), {]Xyb-im-kv{X-]-c-amb t{]c-W-bn-eq-sS _lp-P-\-ßsf AWn-\n-c-Øn-s°m≠v kacw \S-Ø-W-sa-∂-Xm-Wv. CXns‚ A¿Yw ASn-a-bp-S-I-f-psSsX∂v am¿Ivkv hnfn® el-fsb t\cn-tS-≠n-h-cp-tºmƒ tkmjy-enÃv `c-W-IqSw _ew {]tbm-Kn-°m≥ ad-°-W-sa-∂-√. ka-Xz-Øn-t‚Xpw km[-\-ß-fpsS kar-≤n-bp-tS-Xp-amb Hc-h-ÿ-bn-te°p apt∂-dpI F∂-XmWv C∂pw am\-hc - m-in-bpsS ap∂n-ep≈ km[y-amb Htcsbmcp e£yw. hymh-km-bnI hnπ-h-Øn-\p-tijw XpS¿®-bmb D¬]m-Z\ hnImkw hgn km£m-XvI-cn-°m≥ Ign-bp∂ Hcp ImgvN-∏m-Sm-W-sX∂p sXfn-bn®p Im´-s∏-´n-cn-°p-∂p Bh-iy-I-X-bpsS temI-Øn¬ \n∂p kzmX{¥y-Øns‚ temI-Øn-te-°p≈ Db¿® F∂v am¿Ivkpw FwK¬kpw ]d™-Xn-te°p am\-hc - m-in-bpsS BZysØ t_m[-]q¿h-amb Im¬sh-∏mWv tkmjy-enkw. bp.-Fk - v.F - k - v.Bdn s - ebpw Ing-°≥ bqtdm-∏n-tebpw tkmjyen-kØns‚ C∂sØ XI¿® I¨ap-ºn¬ Xpd∂p Im´n-Ø-∂Xv \ΩpsS anYym-[m-c-W-I-fn¬ ]e-Xn-s\bpw XpS®p am‰n-bn-cn-°p∂p F∂p am{X-a-√, ]e auenI kXy-ßfpw Bh¿Øn®p ]d-bp-Ibpw sNbvXn-cn°p∂p. CXv Hcn°¬IqSn temI apX-em-fn-Ø-Øn-s\-Xn-cmb i‡n-Isf Hcpan∏n-°p-∂Xn\pw tkmjy-en-k-Øn-\p-th-≠n-bp≈ ka-c-Øns‚ BtKmf ]p\-cp-÷oh-\Ø - n\pw i‡n-s∏-Sp-Øe - n\pw \ap°p klm-bI - a- m-t- I-≠X - m-Wv. ImcWw kzmX-{¥y-Øns‚ temIw, apsº-∂-sØ-°mfpw {]Imi {]Np-cn-a-tbmsS \sΩ amSn-hn-fn-°p-∂p. am¿IvknÃv kwhm-Zw.1994 BK-kvddv  PEOPLE AGAINST GLOBALISATION

BtKm- f - h ¬°- c - W - Ø n- s \- X nsc P\- ß ƒ

Xm-sW∂v C{Xbpw ]d™-Xn¬ \n∂v hyI-X-amIp-∂p. kmwkvIm-cnI {]ÿm-\hpw {]mtbm-Kn-I{]-ÿm-\hpw c≠pw ]ptcm-Ka - \ kmwkvIm-cnI {]h¿Ø-Icpw Pm∏m-\okv hncp-≤ bp≤-Øn¬ Xßfp-sS-Xmb kmwkvIm-cnI tk\-bp-≠m-°n-bn-cn-°Ww. Cu tk\-bm-h-s´, _lp-P-\-ß-fpsS hn]p-eamb hn`m-K-a-√msX as‰m∂p-a-√. P\-ß-fp-ambn ASpØp _‘-s∏-SmØ kmwkvIm-cnI {]h¿ØI≥ ]´m-f-an-√mØ Hcp P\-de - n-s\-t∏m-se-bm-Wv. Abmƒ°v Xs‚ i‡nsIm≠v i{Xp-hns\ Xmsg hogv-Øm≥ Ign-bpI-bn-√. Cu e£yw t\SnsbSp-°p-∂X - n\v \ΩpsS Fgp-Øp-`mj Nne coXn-bn¬ ]c-njvI-cn°-Ww. \ΩpsS kwkm-c`mjsb P\-ßf - p-ambn Ipsd-°qSn ASp-∏n-°-Ww. \ΩpsS hnπh kwkvIm-cØns‚ A\-¥hpw kº∂-hp-ambn hn`m-Ka - mWv P\-ß-sf∂v \mw a\-knem-°W - w. amthm tk XqMv, ]pXnb P\m-[n-]Xyw˛1938 25


_Z¬ tkmjy-en-k-am-Wv, F¥p-sIm≠v?

_mlyCS-s]-Sepw KqVm-tem-N-\bpw : tkmjyenÃv XI¿®°v \nc-h[n Imc-Wß - f - p-≠v. B¥-cn-Ihpw _mly-hp-amb CS-s]-Se - p-Ifpw hyh-ÿtb kwc-£n-t°-≠-h¿ bqZm-kp-am-cm-b-Xpw, kmaqly t\XrXzw Gs‰-Sp-Ø-h¿ ]cnjvI-cW ap{Zm-hm-Iy-ß-fpsS XS-hp-Im-cm-bXpw F√mw tN¿Øp-h-bv°p-tºmƒ bp≤-ap-∂-Wnbnse t]mcm-fn-Is - f-t]mse Hmtcm \nan-jhpw Pm{KX ]men-°p-Ibpw CS-s]-Sp-Ibpw sNøp∂ sXmgn-em-fn-h¿Kw tkmjy-enÃv {]tbm-K-Øns‚ ap∂p-]m-[n-bm-sW∂v sXfn-bp-∂p. F∂m¬ tkmhn-b‰v bqWnb\pw Ing-°≥ bq-tdm-]nse tkmjy-en-kvddv cmjv{S-ßfpw XI¿°m≥ IpØI-ap-Xe - m-fn-Øhpw ItØm-en°m k`bpw tN¿∂v \S-Ønb KqUm-tem-N\ - I - fpw Ncn-{X-Øns‚ `mK-am-Wv. IΩyq-Wn-ksØ XI¿°m-\p≈ Hcm-tKm-f] - ≤ - Xn temI apX-

tkmhn-b‰v tkmjy-enÃv ]co-£Ww XI¿∂Xns‚ Ncn-{X-]-›m-Øew 1917-˛¬ tkmjy-enÃv hnπhw \S-°ptºmƒ Zb-\ob ]nt∂m-°m-hÿ b - nep≈ tImf-\n-bm-bn-cp∂p djy. B`y¥c Iem-]-ßfpw hntZi CS-s]-S-epIfpw Nh®p Xp∏nb djy≥ kº-ZvLS\ k¶¬∏n-°m-\m-hm-Øh - n[w XI¿∂n-cp∂p. H∂mw temI-al - m-bp≤w djysb ho≠pw XI¿Øp. 80 iX-am\w ]S-bmfn-Iƒ sIm√-s∏-´n-cp-∂p.... hnZym-`ym-kap≈ 20 e£w ]uc-∑m¿ cmPyw hn´pt]m-bn.... hnπm-hm-\-¥cw km¿ N{Ih¿Øn-bpsS _yqtdm-{I-kntb h®psIm-≠mWv tkmjy-enÃv ]p\¿\n¿ΩmWw \S-tØ≠n h∂-Xv. km{am-PyXz hncp≤ \ne-]m-Sp-Iƒ tkmhn-b‰v bqWn-bs\ BtKm-fa - mbn H‰-s∏-Sp-Øn.... 1933-emWv Ata-cn° tkmhn-b‰v bqWn-bs\ AwKo-Ic - n-°p-∂Xv. \nc-¥-c-amb B{I-aW `oj-Wnbn¬ Pohn-°p-Is - b-∂X - m-bn-cp∂p tkmhn-b‰v bqWn-bs‚ KXn-tI-Sv. c≠mw temI-bp-≤Ø - n¬ tkmhn-b‰v bqWn-b≥ ]n®n-No¥s∏´p. 2 tImSn tkmhn-b‰v ]S-bm-fn-If - mWv arXn-bS- ™ Xv...... 5 tImSn tkmhn-b‰v ]uc-∑m¿ ]cn-t°-‰-h-cmbn Ah-ti-jn-®p.......!

˛ sFPmkv Al-ΩZv 26

em-fnØw hfsc ]t≠Bkq-{XWw sNbvXn-cp-∂p. F∂m¬ 1945 \v tijw ]pXn-b-Xmbn km{am-P y-Xz i-‡n-I-fn¬ \n∂v cmjv{Sob kzmX{¥yw {]m]n® cmjv{S-߃ IΩyq-Wn-k-Øns‚bpw hnπ-h-Øn-s‚bpw am¿§-ß-fn¬ Ncn-°m-Xn-cn-°m≥ "Uh-e-∏vsa‚ v sFUn-tbm-fPn' F∂ hnI-k\ {]Xy-bimkv{Xw (1945 se {Sqam≥ tUmIv{Sn-\nse Hcp {][m\ Bi-b-am-bn-cp∂p CXv).Bhn-jvI-cn®v lm¿hm¿Uv Fw.sF.Sn apX-emb apX-em-fnØ hyh-ÿ-bpsS {]K¬` hnZyme-bß - f - n-epsS Ah-Xc - n-∏n®v, hnIkzccmjv{S-ßf - nse _p≤nPo-hn-I-fn¬ ASn-t®¬∏n-®Xv Ah-cpsS hen-sbmcp hnPbw Xs∂-bm-bn-cp-∂p. B {]Xy-b-im-kv{X-Øns‚ Hcp kaqe ]T-\-Øn\v C¥ybnse CS-Xp-]-£-Øn\v C∂pw km[n-°p∂n-s√∂v tXm∂p-∂p. Iayq-Wn-ksØ XI¿°m≥ {]Xy-b-imkv{Xw am{X-a√ bp≤km-an-{Kn-bmbn Ah-cp-]-tbm-Kn-®-Xv. tPm¿Pv _pjv (ko-\nb¿) C.I.A ta[m-hn-bm-bn-cp∂ ImeØv hnI-kn-∏n® Aÿn-coI-cW kq{X-߃ (Dirty Tricks of De-Stabilizations) F√m cmP yß-fnepw {]tbm-Kn-°p-hm≥ XpS-ßn.-A-t±lw sshkv {]knU‚mb ka-bØv A\y-cm-P y-ßsf A´n-a-dn-°m-\p≈ Hcp henb {]ÿm-\w, \ne-hn¬ h∂p.-tIm¨{Kkpw sk\-‰pw tN¿∂v AXn\p≈ ]Ww ]e-hn-[a- mb kwL-S\ - I - sf G¬]n®p. Hmtcm cmP y-Øp-ap≈ _p≤n-Po-hn-Isf ]Whpw B\pIq-ey-ßfpw sImSpØv ssIøn-se-Sp-Øv, hwio-b, h¿§ob kwL¿j-߃ sXmSp-Øp-hn´pw Bi-b-Ip-g-∏߃ krjvSn®p-amWv Cu A´n-adn {]ÿm\w C∂v \S-∂p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p∂-Xv. 1989 se t]mfojv sXc-s™-Sp-∏m-bn-cp-∂t√m tkmjy-enÃv ]cm-P-b-]-c-º-c-bpsS \mμn... Pdq-k-e-kvIn-bpsS t]mfojv PEOPLE AGAINST GLOBALISATION

BtKm- f - h ¬°- c - W - Ø n- s \- X nsc P\- ß ƒ


_Z¬ tkmjy-en-k-am-Wv, F¥p-sIm≠v?

Hcp XpS¿°Y _nj∏v ]utemkv am¿{Kn-tKm-dn-tbmkv h¿t°gvkv ]m¿´ntb tXm¬∏n®v teJv hte-kbpsS tkmfn-Um-cn-ddn F∂ t{SUv bqWn-bs\ cmjv{Sob ]m¿´n-bmbn kwL-Sn-∏n®v hnPbw t\SnbXv; tPm¨ t]mƒ am¿]m∏bpw Ata-cn-°≥ tIm¨{Kkpw sk\‰pw IqSn ]Ww sImSpØv krjvSn® "\mj-W¬ ^ut≠-j≥ t^m¿ Utam{Ikn;' Ata-cn-°-bnse t]mfnjv sXmgn-em-fn-IfpsS t{SUv bqWn-b-\p-Iƒ; F∂o aq∂v LS-Iß-fpsS kwbp-‡-amb {]b-Xv\-^-e-am-bn-cp-∂p... IqSm-sX, tKm¿_-t®hv hØn-°m-\n¬ sN∂v am¿∏m-∏°v Hcpd-∏p-sIm-Sp-Øp. t]mf-≠nse sXcs™-Sp-∏n¬ `c-WI - £ - n-tXm¬°p-tºmƒ tkmhnb‰v ssk\y-tam, F¥n\v t]mf-≠nse ssk\yw t]mepw A\-ßns√∂mbn-cp∂p Cu Dd∏v Cu Dd-∏n-\p-ti-j-amWv Atß-b‰w hsc t]mbvt°mfm≥ teJv hte-k-tbmSv am¿∏m∏ \n¿tZ-in-®-Xv. sXc-s™-Sp-∏n-\p≈ t]mÿ ASn-°m≥ {]n‚ nwKv {]kv, IS-em-kv, ajn, Iºyq-´-dp-Iƒ XpS-ßn-bh hsc Ata-cn-°-bn¬ \n∂mWv sIm≠p-h-∂-Xv... [\- £ maw tkmfn- U m- c n- ‰ n°v H´p- a p- ≠ m- b n- √ . t]mfnjv \nbaw ewLn-°p∂Xn\v ]ng-sbm-Sp-t°≠n-h-∂m¬ AXp-t]mepw Ata-cn° hln-°p-sa∂m-bn-cp∂p [mc-W... temI-N-cn-{X-Øn¬ Cßs\-sbmcp sXcs™Sp∏v , hntZ-i-cm-P yØv \n∂p-sIm≠v kwL-Sn--∏n-°p∂ A\p-`hw BZytØ-Xm-Wv. 1989 BK-Ãn¬ htek hnP-bn-®p. XpS¿∂v sNt°m-…m-hmIy-bnepw lwK-dn-bnepw AtX A\p-`h - ß - ƒ Bh¿Øn-®p. Unkw-_d- n\v apºv _ƒtK- d n- b bpw dqam- \ n- b bpw hoWp... _¿en≥ aXnepw XI¿∂p. Snbm-\≥sa≥ kvIzbdn¬ hnZym¿∞n kacw Agn®phn´p-sIm-≠p≈ A´n-a-dn-\o°w ssN\-bn¬ hnP-bn-®ns√¶nepw tkmhn-b‰v bqWn-b≥ IqSn XI¿∂p. AsX, hfsc kwL-Sn-Xhpw Bkq-{Xn-X-hp-amb Hcp {]h¿Ø\ ]cn-]m-Sn-bpsS hnP-ba- m-bn-cp∂p AXv. am¿IvknÃv kwhmZw 1994 BKÃv  PEOPLE AGAINST GLOBALISATION

BtKm- f - h ¬°- c - W - Ø n- s \- X nsc P\- ß ƒ

]cm-Pb- Ø - ns‚ Imc-Wß - ƒ.......? P\m-[n-]-Xy-a-cymZ t]mepw e`n-°msX, i{Xp-°fm¬ hebw sNø-s∏-´, kmdn-s‚ _yqtdm-{Ikntb h®v `cWw XpS-ßnb tkmhn-b‰v `c-WIqSw A[n-Im-ct- I-{μo-Ic - W - Ø - n-te°v hgpXn hoWp..... am¿Ivknkw hn`m-h\w sNøp∂ tkmjy-enÃv P\m-[n-]Xy coXn°v ]I-cw, DXv]m-Z-\-£-a-X-bpsS H‰ a - m\ZWvUØ - n¬, bp≤-Im-em-Sn-ÿm-\Ø - nep≈ cmjv{S ]p\x¿\n¿Ωm-W-amWv \S-∂-Xv. Ncn-{X-]c - a - mb \n¿_-‘Ø - n-s‚bpw A\n-hm-cy-Xbp-tSbpw ^e-ambn AwKo-I-cn-t°-≠n-h∂ amXrI-Ifpw coXn-Ifpw ]n∂oSv ÿnc-ambn Dƒs°m≈-s∏-´p. tkmjy-enÃv thcp-Iƒ Po¿Æ-am-bn. ]m¿´nbpw `c-W-Iq-Shpw ]q¿Æ-ambn XmZmflyw {]m]n-®p. Agn-a-Xnbpw DZm-ko-\-Xbpw A[n-Im-ctI-{μo-Ic - W - h - p-ambn AXv ]cn-Wa - n-®p. temI-am-sI-bp≈ hntam-N\ t]mcm-´ß - sf klmbn-°p∂ tkmhn-b‰v bqWn-bs‚ \ne-]mSv Xt±-iob-cpsS PohnX \ne-hmcw XI¿°p-I-bm-sW∂ A`n-{]mbw B`y-¥c kwL¿j-߃°v hnØp-]m-In....... amXr-Im-]-c-amb DXv]m-Z-\hpw hnX-c-Whpw Dd-∏ph-cp-Øn-bn-cp-s∂-¶nepw DXv]m-Z\ {]{Inb \ho-Icn-°m\pw P\m-[n-]-Xy-]-c-ambn ]p\x-kw-L-Sn-∏n°m\pw {ian-®n-√...... DXv]m-Z\ taJ-e-I-fnepw cmjv{Sob hyh-ÿ-bnepw hsc k¿§m-fl-I ]¶mfn-ØØ - n\v ]Icw bm{¥n-Ia - mb DƒtN-ce - mWv \S-∂X - v. Ac \q‰m-≠n-e-[nIw {Iqc-amb bp≤-s°-Sp-XnIƒ°pw, ]oV-\-߃°pw hnt[-b-amb tkmhnb‰v P\-X-bpsS XymK-\n¿`-c-amb `qX-Imew ]pXnb Xe-ap-d-I-fn-te°v k∂n-th-in-∏n-°p-∂Xn¬ cmjv{So-bt- \-Xr-Xz-Øn-s‚ ]cm-Pb - w. sFPmkv Al-ΩZv 27


_Z¬ tkmjy-en-k-am-Wv, F¥p-sIm≠v?

bqtdm-]y≥ tkmjye- nk- Ø - ns‚ ]X-\w. ss\\m≥ tImin.

Hcp

1982 ˛¬ t]m∏p-ambp≈ IqSn-°m-gvNb°p GXm≠p aq∂m-gvN-apºv {]kn- U ‚p doK≥ Hcp clky tZiob kpc-£n-XXz Xocp-am-\m-⁄m-]\w ]pd-s∏-Sp-hn®p ]q¿hbqtdm- ∏ n¬ tkmhn-b‰pbqWn-b\p≈ kzm[o\w \ne-\n¿Øm-\p≈ {ia-ßsf ]cm-P-bs∏-Sp-Øp-I-sb-∂Xm- b n- c p∂p Cu B⁄m-]-\-Øns‚ e£yw.

h≥cmjv{SØnse km[m-c-W-P-\-ß-fpsS h¿Øam-\hpw `mhnbpw P\m- [ n- ] - X y- Ø ns‚ hfsc {]mIr- X - a - c ym- Z - I ƒ t]mepw ]men- ° msX XI¿sØ-dn™ apX-em-fn-Øw; ItØm-en-°m-k-`-bpsS klm-b-tØmsS \S-Ønb KqUm-tem-N-\-bpsS hni-Zmw-i-߃ tUm.-ss\-\m≥ tImin hnhcn-°p-∂p. tkmjyen-Ãp cmjv{S-ßf - psS ]X-\Ø - n¬ _mly-i‡ - n-Iƒ°p-≠m-bn-cp∂ ]¶pIp-d®v ImW-cp-Xv. Cu ]X-\Ø - n\v {][m-\a- mbpw B`y-¥c cwKsØ cmjv{Sob kmº-ØnI \b-]-cn-]m-Sn-I-fpsS sshI-ey-ß-fmhmw Imc-W-sa∂Xv ASn-h-cbn-´p-sIm-≠p-I-s∂-bmWv CXp ]d-bp-∂-Xv. _mly-i-‡n-I-fpsS {]h¿Ø-\sØ-∏‰n Dulm-t]m-l-ß-fp-≠m-bn-cps∂¶nepw hyIv-X-amb ]e-sX-fn-hp-Ifpw e`y-am-bXv tkmhn-b-‰p-bq-Wn-bs‚ ]X-\-Øn-\p-ti-j-am-Wv. 1992 s^{_p-hcn 24mw Xnø-Xn-bnse ssSw amkn-I-bpsS {][m\ dnt∏m¿´v Hcp hnip≤ kJy-sØ-∏-‰n-bm-Wv. t]mf-≠nse tkmfn-Um-cn‰n {]ÿm-\sØ klm-bn-°p-hm\pw Iayq-Wn-k-Øns‚ Ah-km\w Xzcn-X-s∏-Sp-Øp-hm\pw doK\pw t]m∏pw tN¿∂p \S-Ønb KqUm-tem-N-\-sb-∏-‰n-bp≈ kq£vam-t\zj-W dnt∏m¿´m-Wn-Xv. 1982 Pq¨ 7mw XnøXn Xn¶-fmgvN hØn-°m≥ hmb-\-im-e-bn¬ {]knU‚ vsdm-WmƒUv doK-\pw, t]m∏v tPm¨t]mƒ c≠m-a\pw am{Xta D≠mbn-cp-∂p-≈p. Ah¿ XΩn-ep≈ BZy-sØ -Iq-Sn-°m-gvN-bm-bn-cp∂p AXv. Ah¿ AºXv an\n‰v kw`m-jWw \S-Øn. t]m∏ns‚ hk-Xn-bpsS AtX `mK-Øp-≈-˛-sse-{_-dn-bpsS kao-]-ap-≈˛ thmsdmcp apdn-bn¬ I¿±n-\mƒ Imk-tdm-fn-bpw,B¿®v _nj∏v kn¬h-kv{Xn-\n-bpw, Ae-Ivkm-≠¿ tlKv (sk-{I-´-dn-Hm^v tÉv) hneyw ¢m¿°v (\m-j-W¬ skIyq-cn‰n D]-tZ-jvSm-hv) F∂n-h-cp-ambn kw`m-jW-Øn-em-bn-cp-∂p. Ah-cpsS N¿® {][m-\-ambpw c≠mw Znh-k-Øn-se-Øn-bn-cp-∂, C{km-tb-ens‚ e_-t\m≥ B{I-a-W-sØ∏-‰n-bm-bn-cp-∂p! ]s£ doK-\pw, t]m∏pw GXm\pw \nan-j-߃ am{Xta a[y-]q¿h-tZ-isØ kw`-hh - n-Im-kß - s - f-∏‰n kwkm-cn-®p-≈p. AX-n\p-]I - cw Ah-cpsS {i≤ tI{μoI-cn-®n-cp-∂-Xv Ah¿°p {]nbw-I-c-amb thsdmcp hnj-b-Øn-em-bn-cp-∂p t]mf≠pw ]q¿h bqtdm-∏n-\p-ta¬ tkmhn-b-‰p-bq-Wn-b-\p≈ ta[m-hn-Xzhpw. B tbmK-Øn¬ doK\pw t]m∏pw Iayq-WnÃpkm{am-P y-Øns‚ hne-bn\w(dissolution) Xzcn-X-s∏-Sp-Øp-hm-\p≈ Hcp cl-ky]-cn-]mSn \S-∏m-°p-hm≥ Xocp-am-\-sa-Sp-Øp. doKs‚ BZysØ \mj-\¬ skIyq-cn‰n D]-tZ-jvSm-hm-bncp∂ dn®m¿Uv A√≥ ]d-™p. ""Ncn{XØnse G‰hpw henb clky kJyß-fn-sem-∂m-bn-cp∂p AXv''. ssSw XpS-cp∂p˛ 1982 ˛¬ t]m∏p-am-bp≈ IqSn-°m-gvN-°p GXm≠p aq∂mgvN-apºv {]kn-U‚v doK≥ Hcp clky tZiob kpc-£n-XXz Xocp-am-\m-⁄m]\w(National Security DecKsion Directive NSDD 32) ]pd-s∏-Sp-hn®p. ]q¿Δbqtdm∏n¬ tkmhn-b‰pbqWn-b-\p≈ kzm[o\w \ne-\n¿Øm-\p≈ {ia-ßsf ]cmP-b-s∏-Sp-Øp-I-sb-∂-Xm-bn-cp∂p Cu B⁄m-]-\-Øns‚ e£yw. tkmjy-en-kØ - ns‚ B¥-cnI sshI-ey-߃ _mly CS-s]-Se - ns\ Xzcn-Xs - ∏Sp-Øn-sb∂p ImWp-tºmƒ Xs∂, apX-em-fn-ØØ - ns‚ P\m-[n-]X - y-apJw aqSnbpsS D≈-dn-bm-Xn-cn-°pI ISpØ ]m]-am-sW∂v IqSn Hm¿Øp-hb - v°p-I. am¿IvknÃv kwhm-Zw, 1994 BKÃv

28

PEOPLE AGAINST GLOBALISATION

BtKm- f - h ¬°- c - W - Ø n- s \- X nsc P\- ß ƒ


_Z¬ tkmjy-en-k-am-Wv, F¥p-sIm≠v?

tkmjye- nÃv temI-Ønse ]m¿´nbpw `c-WI- q-Sh- pw. tUm. Pn.-_n. taml≥ Xºn Iayq-Wn-Ãp-Im¿°v A[n-Imcw D]-I-cWw am{X-am-W,v e£y-a√. ]pXnb hyh-ÿ-bpsS kpK-a-amb ]ptcm-K-Xn-°pth-≠n-bp≈ ÿm]-\-ß-fpsS {]h¿Ø-\-߃ \nb-{¥n-°p∂-Xn\pw hyh-ÿb - psS i{Xp-°sf ]cm-Pb - s - ∏-Sp-Øm\pw `cW-IqSw {ian-°p-∂p. P\-ßsf \bn-°pI F∂ IS-abpw Ahsc `cn-°pI F∂ {]h¿Ø-\hpw c≠mWv, F∂ t_m[w Iayq-WnÃv t\Xr-Xz-Øn\v Ft∏mgpw D≠m-bn-cn-°Ww. `c-W-Iq-S-Øn¬ a¿Z\ kwhn-[m-\-Øn-s‚bpw in£m\-S-]-Sn-I-fp-sSbpw \n¿_-‘-ß-fp-sSbpw kz`mhw Aen-™ptN¿∂n-cn-°pw. \bn-°pI F∂ IS-a-bm-Is´ ]m¿´nt\-Xr-XzØns‚ DXv_p-≤-amb ImgvN-]m-Sn-s\bpw imkv{Xo-b-amb kao-]-\-ß-sfbpw [m¿an-I-amb D¬Iq¿j-sØbpw B{i-bn®p-am-{Xta \n¿h-ln-°m≥ Ign-bp-I-bp-≈p. ]m¿´nbpw `c-WIq-Shpw AssZz-X-ambn GIo-`-hn-°p∂ {]{Inb KpW-sØ°mƒ Gsd tZmjw sNøp-sa∂v A\p-`hw ]Tn-∏n-°p-∂p.. imkv{XØns‚bpw kXy-Øn-s‚bpw IpØI A[n-Im-c-ÿm\-ß-fn-emWv tI{μo-I-cn-®n-cn-°p-∂Xv F∂ ÿnXn hcp-tºmƒ A`n-{]mb hyXym-k-ß-sf√mw {]Xn-]-£-am-Ip-∂p. in£m¿lam-Ip-∂p. hna¿i-I¿ i{Xp-°-fmbn amdp-∂p. hna¿i-\-Ønepw kzbw hna¿i-\Ø - nepw IqSn-bmWv tkmjy-enÃv kaq-lØ - n¬ ]ptcm-KXn kw`-hn-°p-∂Xv F∂Xv shdpw kn≤m-¥-ambn am{Xw A[x-]-Xn-°p-∂p. kzbw hna¿i-\-sa∂p ]d-bp-∂-Xv ap≥t\Xr-XzsØ A[n-t£-]n-°epw hna¿i\w {]Xn-tbm-Kn-Isf I≠p-]n-Sn-°m-\p≈ X{¥-hp-ambnØocp-∂p. ssN\-bn¬ "\qdq]q-°ƒ hncn-bs´' Ime-L-´-Ønepw, AXn-\p-tijw kmwkvImcn-I-hn-π-h-Øns‚ Ime-L-´-Ønepw hna¿i\sØ `c-W-Iq-SØns‚ a¿Z-\k - w-hn-[m\w sIm≠p t- \-cn-SpI F∂ coXn km[mc-W-am-bn. `c-W-Iq-S-Øns‚ a¿Z-\-kw-hn-[m-\-ßsf A]-cm[n-Iƒ t]Sn-°-s´, Iayq-WnÃv ]m¿´n t\XrXzw P\-ß-fpsS _lp-am-\hpw kvt\lhpw B¿Pn-°p-Ib - mWv th≠-Xv. c≠pw Htc ÿm]-\-ambn amdp-tºmƒ `c-W-Iq-S-Øns‚ a¿Z-\-kw-hn[m-\w Iayq-Wn-Ãp-]m¿´n-bpsS `mc-ambn amdp-∂p. A[n-Im-cØn\p Zpjn-°m-\p≈ kzm`m-hnI {]h-WX - b - p-≠v.- C-Xn¬ \n∂p `c-Wm-[n-Im-csØ ]n¥n-c∏n-∏n®v _lp-P-\-\-∑bv°p th≠nbp≈ D]-I-cWw F∂ \ne-bn¬ am{Xw AXns\ {]h¿Øn-∏n°m≥ P\-Iob ÿm]-\-ßsf ]cn-io-en-∏n-°p-Ibpw A[n-Im-c{]-tbm-KsØ \nb-{¥n-°m≥ P\-Iob kan-Xn-Iƒ°p t{]m’ml\w \¬Ip-Ibpw sNøpI Iayq-WnÃp t\Xr-XzØns‚ IS-abm-tI-≠Xp≠v. Npcp-°Ø - n¬, P\-ßsf t\cn´p `cn-°p-Ib - √ Iayq-Wn-Ãp-Im¿ sNtø-≠-Xv. tkmjy-enÃp hyhÿ Imcy-£a-ambn \S-∏n-em-°m≥ th≠n `c-W-Iq-S-Øns‚ hnhn[ LS-Iß-fpsS {]h¿Ø-\sØ \nb-{¥n®v A[n-Imcw Zpcp-]-tbm-Ks∏-Sp-ØmsX kq£n-°m≥ P\-ßsf PmK-cq-I-cm-°p-I-bpw PEOPLE AGAINST GLOBALISATION

BtKm- f - h ¬°- c - W - Ø n- s \- X nsc P\- ß ƒ

t]mcm-´-Øn\v t\XrXzw hln-°pI-bp-amWv Ah-cpsS I¿Ø-hyw. A[n-Im-c-Øn\p as‰mcp kzm`mhnI {]h-W-X-Iq-Sn-bp-≠v. IqSpX¬ IqSp- X ¬ tI{μo- I - c - W w D¬]m-Zt- \m-]I - c - W - ß - ƒ `c-WI - qS- Ø ns‚ \nb- { ¥- W - Ø n¬ sIm≠p- h - c p- ∂ Xpw πm\nw- K v, cmPy-c£ - , B[p-\nI kmt¶-XnI hnZy,-K-Xm-K-Xw, hm¿Øm-hn-\n-a-bam- [ y- a - ß ƒ apX- e m- b - h - b psS {]h¿Ø- \ - c o- X n- I ƒ, tI{μ- K h¨sa‚ ns‚ Npa- X - e - b m- I p∂Xpw tI{μo-I-c-W-Øns‚ {]hW- X sb i‡n- s ∏- S p- Ø p- ∂ p. _yqtdm- { I- k n- b psS hf¿®°p ]‰nb Imem-hÿ CXp krjvSn-°p∂p- ≠ v. F√m cwK- ß - f nepw ap≥ssI apI- f n- e p- ≈ - h - c psS IpØ-Ib - m-Ip-∂p. B[p\nIbp-KØn¬ Hc-Xn¿Øn-hsc tI{μo-IcWw AXy- ¥ m- t ]- £ n- X - a m- W v. ]t£ CXp \S-∏n-em-°p∂Xp IayqWnÃv P\m-[n-]-Xy-Øns‚ ImXemb hntI-{μo-I-c-W{]-h-W-X-bpambn ka-Xp-en-km-hÿ D≠m-°ns°m-≠mbncn-°-Ww. ]m¿´nbpw tk\bpw XΩn-ep≈ _‘-Øn¬ {]mapJyw B¿°mWp th≠Xv F∂ tNmZy-Øn\p adp-]-Sn-bmbn ""]m¿´n-bmWv tXm°ns\ \nb-{¥n°p-∂X - v, adn-®√'' F∂p ssN\okv t\XrXzw ]d-bm-dp-≠t- √m.-`c - W - I - qS-sØbpw \nb-{¥n-t°-≠X - p-]m¿´n Xs∂-bm-Wv. ]m¿´n Xs∂ `c-Wb-{¥-ambn amtd≠ Bh-iy-an-√. `cW- I q- S - Ø n\pw Iayq- W n- Ã p]m¿´n°pw XΩn-ep-≠m-bn-cn-t°≠ _‘- s Ø- ° p- d n®v Cßs\ ho≠pw hnNmcw Bh-iy-am-bn-cn-°p∂p.!  am¿IvknÃv kwhm-Zw, 1993 Pqsse

29


_Z¬ tkmjy-en-k-am-Wv, F¥p-sIm≠v?

am¿Ivknkw ˛ ]cn-jvI-c-W-a-√, kaq-e-]-cn-h¿Ø-\-amWv e£yw

""sXmgn-em-fn-h¿K-Øns‚ BZysØ `c-WI - q-Sa - mb ]mcokv Iayq¨ GXm\pw Znhk-߃ am{Xta \ne-\n-∂p-≈p. am¿Ivkns‚ Ime-ØmWv AXv kw`-hn-®X - v. Nnc-ÿm-bnbm hnP-bØ - n-\m-hi - y-amb hyh-ÿIƒ \nd-th-‰p-hm≥ X° ]IzX A∂v sXmgn-em-fn-h¿K-Øn-\p≠m-bn-cp-∂n-√. AXp-sIm≠v AXv ]cm-P-b-s∏-´p. hfsc _p≤n-ap´pw i{Xp-Xbpw \nd™ Hcp temI-km-l-N-cyØn¬ tkmjy-enkw hnPbw ssIh-cn®p F∂v am{X-a√ apXem-fnØ-sØ-°mƒ hfsc ta≥a-bp-≈Xm-sW∂v kzbw sXfn-bn-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. am¿Ivkn-ksØ ]cn--jvIcWhmZhpw _q¿jzm {]Xy-bim-kv{Xhpw sIm≠v ]Icw sh®-t∏mƒ AhnsS [m¿anIhpw kmº-Øn-I-hp-amb A[x]-X-\hpw Po¿W-Xbpw {]Xy£-s∏-´p. Cu Hscm‰ hkvXp-XXs∂ am¿Ivkn-kw˛ se\n-\n-kØn-\p-th≠n hmNm-e-ambn kwkm-cn-°p-∂p-≠v.'' _w•m-tZiv h¿t°¿kv ]m¿´n 30

""kmaq-ly-{]-iv\-ßfpw Ak-a-Xz-ßfpw BWv am¿Ivkn-k-Øn\v P∑w \¬In-bXv; Ah ]cn-lc - n-°p-∂Xn\p≈ am¿K-\n¿tZ-iß - fpw am¿Ivkn-kØ - n¬ Is≠-Øp-Ibpw sNbvXp. ]s£ B kmaqly {]iv\-ßfpw Ak-a-Xz-ßfpw A{]-Xy-£-ambn Ign-™n-´n-√. imkv{Xob ssh`-h-Øns‚ Imcy-Øn¬t]mepw F√m-‰n-\p-ap-]-cnbmbn hnπ-hm-th-i-Øn-s‚ Imcy-Ønepw (CXv {]tXyIw Du∂n-∏d-tb-≠-Xp-≠v) a¿Ivkn-k-hp-ambn H∏w \n¬Ip-∂tXm AXns\ Ih-®p-sh-°p-∂tXm Bb Bi-b-]-c-amb _Z¬ H∂pw Xs∂ C∂n√. am¿Ivkn- k - Ø ns‚ ss]XrI- t ØmSv hniz- k vXX ]pe¿Øp-∂p-sh∂v \Sn-°p∂ Nne¿ C°m-cy-Øn¬ "hnizmkØns‚ \ne-]m-Sp-Xs∂ kzoI-cn-°p-∂p. ¢mkn-°p-I-fnepw Ah°p-ti-j-ap-≠mb {KŸ-ß-fnepw Fgp-Xn-sh-®n-´p≈ hmN-I-ß-fn¬ \n∂pw F√m {]iv\-߃°pw D≈ BXy-¥n-I-amb DØcw Is≠Øm≥ Ignbpw F∂-h¿ hniz-kn-°p-∂p. A\p-`-h-Øn¬ \n∂v Dcp-Øn-cn™ hkvXp-XI - s - ftbm bmYm¿Yy-ßt- ftbm Ah¿ IW°n-se-Sp-°p-∂-tX-bn-√.-R-ß-fpsS A`n-{]m-b-Øn¬ Cu kao-]\w am¿Ivkn-k-Ønt\m tkmjy-en-k-Ønt\m klm-b-I-a√; adn®v AXns‚ ]p\-cp-÷o-h\ - Ø - n\v XS-ka- mbn \n¬°p-Ib - mWv sNøp∂-Xv. ssk≤m-¥n-Ia- mb \njv{In-bX - z-Øn\v AXv t{]m’m-l\w \¬Ip∂p F∂p-am-{X-a-√, kw`-hn-®p-t]m-b-Xn-ep≈ A\-¥-amb tJZ-{]-I-S\-am-bn, Npcp-ßn-t∏m-hp-Ibpw sNøp-∂p. ]cn-Xx-ÿnXn-Iƒ°v A\p-tbm-P y-amb hn[-Øn¬ am¿Ivkn-ksØ hnI-kn∏n-°p-Ibpw AXn-\q-X\ - a- m-°n-Øo¿°pbpw thW-sa∂v Nne¿ hmZn°p-∂p.Hcp-Imcyw R߃ BZyw Xs∂ ]d-™p-sh-°-s´.-RßfpsS A`n-{]m-b-Øn¬ bp‡-amb Hcp {]mcw` _nμp-hns\ {]Xn-\n-[o-I-cn-°p-∂Xv Cu kao-]\w am{X-am-Wv. F∂m¬ AtX Ah-k-c-Øn¬Xs∂ am¿Ivkns‚ ssk≤m-¥n-Ihpw hnπ-h-I-camb k¶¬]-\-ß-fpsS bYm¿Y-Øn-ep≈ cN-\m-fl-Ihpw ^e-{]Z-hp-amb hnImkw Dd-∏p-h-cp-Øp-∂-Xn\v AXp-am{Xw t]mc, am¿Ivkn-ksØ \ho-Ic - n-t°-≠n-bn-cn-°p-∂p. F∂m¬ AXv GsX¶nepw Hcp Zni-bn¬ am{Xw t]mc. hyXykvX \ne-]m-Sp-Iƒ ssIs°m-≈p-∂h - ¿ \ho-Ic - W - h - m-Zn-If - n¬ Ds≠∂ Imcyw kphn-Zn-X-am-Wv. 19mw \q‰m-≠n-\p-tijw am¿Ivknk-Øn-\p-≠m-bn-´p≈ F√m-hn[ hnIm-k-ß-sfbpw Ah-K-Wn-®psIm≠v ¢mkn-°¬ am¿Ivkn-k-Øn-te°v Xncn-®p-t]m-I-W-sa∂v  PEOPLE AGAINST GLOBALISATION

BtKm- f - h ¬°- c - W - Ø n- s \- X nsc P\- ß ƒ


_Z¬ tkmjy-en-k-am-Wv, F¥p-sIm≠v?

Hcp Xpd∂ Z¿i-\-amWv Iyq_≥ IΩyq-WnÃv ]m¿´n

\n¿tZ-in-°p-∂-h¿ AXn¬ Dƒs]-Sp-∂p. am¿IvknktØmSv H´pw Xs∂ tN¿®-bn-√m-ØXpw AXns‚ A¥x-k-Ø°v ]q¿W-ambpw A\y-hp-amb Nne ]cnjvImc {]h-W-X-I-fp-ambn am¿Ivkn-ksØ _‘-s∏Sp-Øn-sIm≠v AXns\ B[p-\n-I-h¬I-cn-°-W-sa∂v hmZn-°p-∂-hcpw Ah-cn¬ Dƒs]-Sp-∂p. (am¿IvknksØ \ho-I-cn-°p∂ {]h-W-X-b-√, adn®v ]cn-jvImc-߃°v IqSp-X¬ hg-ßp∂ {]h-W-X-bm-W-h¿ {]ISn-∏n-°p-∂X - v). AXn-cp-Ih - n™ Cu c≠v \ne-]m-Sp-Ifpw Hgn-hm-t°-≠-Xm-Wv. am¿Ivkn-\p-ti-j-ap≈ am¿Ivknk-Øns‚ Ncn-{XsØ X≈n-°-f-bp∂ kao-]-\hpw adn®v ]cn-jvI-cW ap{Zm-hm-Iy-ß-fp-ambn am¿IvknksØ _‘- s ∏- S p- Ø p- ∂ - X n- \ p- t h≠n am¿IvknksØ hf-s®m-Sn-°p-Itbm AXns‚ hy‡nXzw \jvSs∏-Sp-Øp-Itbm sNøp∂ kao-]\ - hpw c≠pw am¿Ivknk-Øns‚ A\n-hm-cyhpw bYm¿Y-hp-amb \ho-I-cWsØ kw_- ‘ n- ® n- S - t Ømfw A\p- N n- X - a m- W v. bYm¿Y sshcp-[ym-flI \ne-]m-S√ CXv. C∂sØ k¶o¿Whpw \mS-Io-b-hp-amb ]cn-Xx-ÿn-Xnsb IrXyambn a\-kn-em-°m-≥ Ign-bpw-hn-[-Øn¬ am¿IvknksØ hf¿Øm≥ Ign-bp-∂Xpw ]cn-h¿Ø-\-hn-πh {]{Inb-I-fn-eqsS Iayq-Wn-Ãv-˛-tkm-jy-enÃv BZ¿ißsf ^e-{]-Z-ambn \bn-°m≥ Ignbpw hn[-Øn¬ AXns\ ]p\x-ÿm-]n-°m≥ Ign-bp-∂-Xp-amb kao]\w am{X-amWv icn-bm-bn-´p-≈X - v. Ncn-{X-Ønse F√m cN-\m-fl-I hi-ß-sfbpw IrXy-ambn kzmwio-I-cn-°p∂- X ns\ ASn- ÿ m- \ - a m°nbmbn- c n- ° Ww AØ- c samcp \ho-Ic - Ww. F∂m¬ bYm¿Y-amb am¿IvknÃv kn≤m-¥Ø - n-s‚bpw {]tbm-KØ - n-s‚bpw auenI XXzßsf AXv X≈n-°-f-bm\pw ]mSn-√.

{]Xn-k-‘n-Iƒ ]mT-ß-fmWv am¿Ivkn-k-Øn\v Hcp {]Xn-k‘n \ne-\n¬°p-∂-Xns\-°p-dn-®v, Ign™ Nne h¿j-ß-fn¬ Gsd kwkmchpw N¿®Ifpw \S-∂p-I-gn-™n-cn-°p-∂p. RßfpsS ImgvN- ∏ m- S n¬ \n∂p- s Im≠v t\m°p- t ºmƒ Cu  PEOPLE AGAINST GLOBALISATION BtKm- f - h ¬°- c - W - Ø n- s \- X nsc P\- ß ƒ

hnb-Xv\m-anse \ho-I-cW {]{Inb-bnse Zm¿i\n-I-amb A¥x ssNX\yw am¿IvknÃv Nn¥-bpsS ]p\x ÿm]-\hpw hnIm-k-hpamWv ˛ hntam-N-\w, \n¿am-Ww, hnI-k\w F∂-Xm-W-Xv. \ho-I-cWw {]Y-ahpw {][m-\hp-ambn D¬]m-Z-\-i-‡n-Isf tamNn-∏n-°-emWv. Cu e£yw t\Sp-∂-Xn\v tkmjyen-Ãv Kh¨sa‚ns‚ \nb-{¥-Wt- Øm-SpIqSn am¿I‰v kwhn-[m-\-Øn¬ {]h¿Øn°p∂Nc°v kº-Zvhy-hÿ hnh[ taJefn¬ hf¿tØ-≠Xv Bh-iy-am-Wv. Hcp ]pXnb kaqlw hnI-kn-∏n-s®-Sp-°p-∂-Xn\v Nc°v kº-Zvhy-h-ÿ°v Ct∏mgpw tijn-bps≠∂v se\n≥ Im´n-s°m-Sp-Øp. F∂m¬ ChnsS {]iv\w kºZv ÿnXnsb Bcv B¿°p-th≠n \bn-{¥n-°p-∂p-sh-∂-Xm-Wv. AXv `qcn-]-£-Øns‚ Xm¬]-cy-Øn-\p-th-≠nbm-h-Wtam AtXm Hcp sNdnb hn`m-KØns‚ am{Xw Xm¬]-cy-Øn\v th≠n-bm-hWtam F∂-Xm-Wv. Rß-fpsS \ho-Ic - W - {- ]{Inb a\p-jys\ kmaqly \b-ß-fpsS tI{μÿm-\Øv {]Xn-jvTn-°p-∂p. F√m cwKsØbpw hntam-Nn-X-\mb a\p-jy-\mWv as‰√m kºØpw krjvSn-°p-∂-Xn-\p-th≠n tijn krjvSn-°p-∂-Xv. kaq-l-Øns‚ i‡n IpSn-sIm-≈p-∂Xv tZiob sFIy-Øn-emWv. Cu Bibw ho≠pw Iayq-WnÃv ]m¿´n-bpsS {]Jm-]-\-Øn-te°v sNs∂-Øp∂p. Hmtcm hy‡n-bp-sSbpw kzX{¥ hnIm-k-amWv F√mh-cp-sSbpw kzX-{¥-hn-Im-k-Øn\v D]m-[nsb∂v AXv ASn-h-c-bn-´p-Im-´p∂p. a\p-jys‚ `uXn-Ihpw Nn¥m-]-c-hp-amb Xm¬]cyßtfmSp≈ bYm¿∞ {]Xn-Ic - W - ß - fmWv F√m {Inbm-flI {]h¿Ø-\ß - f - p-sSbpw t{]c-Ii - ‡n. AXp-sIm-≠mWv Iayq-Wn-Ãp-Im¿ hnπh-Øns‚ Hmtcm L´-Ønepw A¥n-a-e£ysØ em°m°n {]h¿Øn-°p-tºmƒ Xs∂ P\-ß-fp-sS `uXn-Ihpw kmwkvIm-cn-Ihp-amb PohnXw sa®-s∏-Sp-ØpIbpw hf¿Øp-Ibpw sNøp-Is - b∂ Poh-Ømb Xm¬]-cy-߃ \nd-th-‰m≥IqSn bXv\n-°p∂Xv . hnb‰v\mw IΩyq-WnÃv ]m¿´n 31


_Z¬ tkmjy-en-k-am-Wv, F¥p-sIm≠v?

th≠Xv h¿§-Øns‚ sFIy-amWv tkmhn-b‰v bqWn-b\ - n-sebpw Ing-°≥ bqtdm-∏n-sebpw Iayq-WnÃv ]m¿´n-I-fnepw h¿K-k-am-[m-\-Øn-s‚ k¶¬]\-߃ IqSpX¬ {]_-e-am-bn-cn-°p-∂p. ]e cmPy-ßfnepw Bfn-∏-S¿∂p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p∂ h¿K-ka-c-Øns‚ bmYm¿∞y-Øn\v hncp-≤-amb Hcp {]h-WX - b - m-Wn-Xv.tkmjy¬ Utam-{Ikn-bpsS ]cn-]m-Sn-Iƒ Nne-s∏m-sg√mw en_depw ]ptcm-K-a-\-]-c-hp-amWv. A[n-Im-c-Ønem-bncn°ptºmƒ Nne t\´-ß-sfms° AXv ssIh-cn-®n-´p≠.v AXns‚ ASn-Ød ]e-t∏mgpw sXmgn-em-fn-h¿§-hp-am-Wv. F¶nepw AXns‚ {]Xy-b-imkv{Xw s]‰n-˛_q¿jzm-kn-bp-tS-Xm-Wv. ssk≤m-¥n-Ia - mbn AXns‚ \ntbmKw ]cn-jvIm-c-ß-fn¬ HXpßp-∂p. ]cn-jvIm-c-߃ F∂m¬ apX-em-fnØsØ Zp¿_-e-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂Xv F∂-√, ]ns∂-tbm, iIvXn-s∏-Sp-Øp∂ ]cn-jvIm-c߃ F∂¿Yw. AXv hnπ-h-Øn-s\-Xn-cm-Wv. tkmjy¬ Utam-{I-kn°v sXmgn-em-fn-h¿KØns‚ A[n-Imcw e£y-hp-a-√˛AXn\v Hcp tkmjy-enÃv kaqlw sI´n-∏-Sp-°m≥ Ign-bp-Ib - n-s√-∂mWv {]mtbm-Kn-Im-\p-`hw sXfn-bn-°p-∂-Xv. Hcp tkmjy-enÃv cmPyØv AXns‚ hnImkw {]Xn-hn-π-h-Øns‚ hnPb-Øn\v hgn-sX-fn-bn-°pw. tkmjy¬ Utam{I-kn-sb-°p-dn-®p≈ hna¿i-\m-fl-I-amb Cu hne-bn-cp-ج ]cn-jvIm-c-߃°pw IqSp-X¬ Zqc-hym-]I - a - mb am‰-߃°pwth≠n-bp≈ ka-cØ - n¬ tkmjy¬ Utam-{Im‰p-I-fp-ambn kl-I-cn-°p-∂-Xn-\p≈ am¿Kw Is≠-tØ-≠X - ns‚ Bh-iy-IX - sb Hgn-hm°p-∂n-√. hfsc ]ptcmK-a-\m-fl-I-amb Hcp ]cn-]m-Sn-bpsS ASn-ÿm-\-Ønepw h≥InS aqe-[\ - Ø - n-s‚˛ (tZio-bhpw hntZ-io-bh - pamb c≠n-s‚-bpw˛) B¿Xn-s]-cpØ Ah-Imi-ß-fp-ambn Hcp Xc-Øn-e-s√-¶n¬ as‰m-cpX-c-Øn¬ G‰p-ap-´p∂ kIe kmaq-ln-I-i‡n-If - p-sSbpw cmjv{Sob {]Xn-\n-[n-Isf Dƒs]Sp-Øn-s°m≠pw CSXpw ]ptcm-K-a-\]-c-hp-amb Hcp cmjv{Sob _Z¬ sI´n-∏-Sp°pI F∂ IS-a°v Rß-fpsS ]m¿´n henb {]m[m\yw I¬]n-°p-∂p. Bkvt{S-en-b≥ tkmjy-enÃv ]m¿´n 32

{]i\w hfsc {][m-\a- mWv. am¿Ivkn-ks - Ø-t∏mse Xpd∂Xpw hnπ-h-I-c-hp-amb Hcp hyh-ÿ-bn¬; AXv sN∂I-s∏-´n-´p-≠v -F∂v ]d-b-s∏-Sp∂ {]Xn-k-‘n-bn¬ \n∂v hnP-b-I-c-ambn Ic-I-b-d-W-sa¶n¬ B {]Xn-k-‘n-bpsS Imc-W-߃ Fs¥m-s°-bm-sW∂v a\-kn-em-t°-≠n-bncn-°p-∂p. am{X-a√ B hyh-ÿs - bms° ]cn-Xx-ÿn-Xn-Iƒ Bh-iy-s∏-Sp∂ Zni-bn¬ t_m[-]q¿h-am-bn-Øs∂ \hoI-cn-°p-∂-Xp-ambpw AXv _‘-s∏-´n-cn-°p-∂p. Ncn-{X-]c-ambn cq]-s∏-´p-h∂ - Zp¿L-S] - q¿Whpw {]Xn-Iq-eh - p-amb kml-Nc - y-ßsf am¿Ivknkw Ah-KW - n-°m-Xn-cn-t°-≠Xv {][m-\-s∏´ Bh-iy-am-sW∂v BZyw Xs∂ Nq≠n-°mWn-°-s´. Iayq-Wn-Ãp-Im¿°v A\p-`-hn-t°-≠n-h∂ ]oU\-߃, D]-tcm[ ]cn-Xx-ÿXn-Iƒ, \nc-h[n Iayq-WnÃv ]m¿´n-Iƒ°v Xß-fpsS {]h¿Ø\w \n¿Δ-ln-t°-≠n-h∂ \nba hncp≤ ]cn-Xx-ÿn-XnIƒ, _lp-P\ - a- m-[y-aß - f - nse Hcp ÿncw G¿∏mSm-bn-Øo¿∂n-´p≈ Iayq-WnÃv hncp≤-am¿IvknÃv hncp≤ {]Nm-c-W, bp≤-߃, km¿h-tZio-b -cw-KsØ kwL¿j-߃, D]-tcm-[-߃, tkmjyenÃv cmP y-߃°v ÿnc-ambn t\cn-tS-≠n-h∂ IS-∂m{IaW `oj-Wn˛ Cu LS-I-ß-sf√mw Xs∂, am¿Ivkn‰vkv Nn¥-bpsS hf¿®-bn¬ hf-sc-tbsd kzm[-o\w sNe-ØpI-bp-≠m-bn-´p-≠v. F∂p-am-{X-a√ sXmgn-em-fn-h¿K-Øns‚ hnπh k¶¬]-\-Øns‚ kzm`m-hn-I-amb hf¿®bv°v Ah ]cn-an-Xn-Iƒ krjvSn-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. C°mcyw \ntj-[n-°pI F∂-Xn-\¿∞w Ncn{X-hk - vXp-XI - t- fmSv IrXLv\X ImWn-°pI F∂-Xm-Wv. Cu LS-Iß - fpw se\n\v tij-ap≈ tkmjy-en-k-Øns‚ Ncn-{X-Ønse Btcm-lWm-htcm-l-W-ßfpw IqSn-t®¿∂v, ]cn-]mSn kw_-‘amb \nc-h[n XXz-߃°v Imc-Wa- m-bn-Øo¿∂p. Hcn-°¬ hnkva-cn-°-s∏-´p-I-gn™ AXv AXns‚ hf¿®-sbØs∂ hnIr-X-am-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. Z¿i-\sØ kw_‘n®v ]mT-ßf - nepw ]mT-]p-kvXI - ß - f - nepw \¬I-s∏-Sp∂ Aaq¿X-amb hni-Zo-I-c-W-ß-fmbn ]e-t∏mgpw Cu XXz߃ HXp-ßn-\n¬°p-∂p. F∂m¬ am¿Ivkn-k-Øns‚ hf¿®-bn¬ Nn´-∏-Sn-bp≈ D]-I-c-W-ß-fmbn Ah Hcn°epw D]-tbm-Kn-°s - ∏-Sp-Øs - ∏-´n-´n-√. bp.-Fk - v.F - k - v. Bdnepw a‰v F√m taJ-e-I-fnepw tkmjy-enkw XI-cp-∂-Xn-\p≠mb Imc-W-ßfpw Ah-bpsS A\-¥-c-^-e-ßfpw Fs¥∂v Is≠-tØ-≠Xv Hmtcm hnπ-h-Im-cn-bp-sSbpw IS-a-bm-Wv. ImcWw hnπ-h-{]-ÿm-\sØ kw_-‘n-®n-StØmfw am{X-a-√. am\-h-cm-insb kw_-‘n-®n-S-tØmfw Xs∂-AXv kp{]-[m-\-am-Wv''.

tkmjy-enkw ]q¿Wamb Hcp kaq-l-a√ tkmjy-enkw ]q¿Wamb Hcp kaq-l-a√ F∂Xv F√mh¿°pw Adn-bm-at√m hnI-kn-®p-h-cp∂ Hcp kaqlw F∂ \ne-bn¬ AXn\v cmjv{So-bhpw kmº-Øn-Ihpw kmaq-ln-Ih - p-ambn taJ-eI - f - n¬ ]e Zu¿_-ey-ßfpw D≠v.  PEOPLE AGAINST GLOBALISATION

BtKm- f - h ¬°- c - W - Ø n- s \- X nsc P\- ß ƒ


_Z¬ tkmjy-en-k-am-Wv, F¥p-sIm≠v?

A]q¿W-XI - f - p-ap-≠v. ]g-bXpw ]nt∂m-°m-hÿ - b - n-ep-≈X - pamb hyh-ÿb - p-ambn Xmc-Xa- y-s∏-Sp-Øp-tºmƒ ]pXn-bXpw sa®-s∏-´X - p-amb hyhÿ Db¿∂p-hc - p-∂X - p-ambn _‘-s∏´ sshcp-[y-Øns‚ A\n-hm-cy-^-e-am-WXv. ]‰n-t∏mb sX‰pIsf Xpd∂ a\-tkmsS t\cn-Sp-hm\pw Xncp-Øp-hm-\p-ap≈ cmjv{Sob C—m-i-‡n-bp-s≠-¶n¬, P\-ß-fp-ambn k-Yn-cambpw ]q¿W-ambpw D≈ sFIyw D≠m-°n-s°m-≠v, Cu sshcp-≤y-ßsf XcWw sNøm≥ Ignbpw. tkmjyen-ksØ t\cn-Sp∂ GsXmcp hnj-a-k-‘n-sbbpw XcWw sNøp-∂Xv Fß-s\-sb-∂X - n-\p≈ DZm-lc - W - a- mWv Iyq_. Ing-°≥ bqtdm-∏n-sebpw ap≥ bp.-Fk - v.F - k - v. Bdn s - ebpw tkmjy-enÃv A\p-`h - ß - ƒ ]cm-Pb - s - ∏-tS-≠h - X - s - ∂-bmWv F∂-√, ]‰n-t]mb sX‰p-If - psS FÆhpw Kuc-hhpw F¥pX-s∂-bm-bmepw Cu cmP y-ß-fnse tkmjy-en-k-Øns‚ BsI-Øp-I, cN-\m-fl-I-am-Wv. AXn-\m¬ kzbw kwc£n-°m\pw Xncp-Øm\pw D≈ Ignhv AXn\v Ct∏mgpw D≠v. djy-bn¬ 1917-˛¬ \S∂ tkmjy-enÃv hnπ-h-Øns‚ {]m[m-\yhpw amlm-flyhpw tkmhn-b‰v cmjv{Sw sI´n-∏-Sp°p-∂-Xnepw ho≠pw ]Sp-Øp-b¿Xp-∂-Xnepw Iayq-WnÃv ]m¿´n-bpsS t\Xr-Xz-Øn¬ tkmhn-b‰- v P-\X hln® sFXnlm-kn-I-amb ]¶v, km{am-P y-Xz-Øns‚ BtKmf IS-∂m{I-a-W-X-{¥-ßsf sNdpØp tXm¬∏n-°p-∂-Xn¬ tkmhnb‰v P\X hln® t\Xr-Xz-]-c-amb ]¶v, tkmhn-b‰v P\-XbpsS ssIbn¬ \n∂v P¿a≥ ^mkn-k-Øn\v G¬t°-≠nh∂ I\Ø ]cm-P-bw, tImf-\n-hy-h-kY Ah-km-\n-∏n-°p∂-Xn¬ AXv hln® ]¶v-˛-C-sXm∂pw \ntj-[n-°m≥ Ignbn-√. tkmjy-enkw D≠m-bn-cp-∂ns√¶n¬ CXn-sem-∂pt]mepw km[y-am-Ip-am-bn-cp-∂n-√.

XI¿®-bpsS Imc-W-߃ F∂n´pw Cu cmP y-ß-fn¬ tkmjy-enkw XI¿∂Xv F¥psIm-≠mWv? Ing-°≥ bqtdm-]y≥ cmP y-ß-fn-sebpw ap≥ bp Fkv Fkv Bdn-sebpw tkmjy-enÃv hf¿®-bn¬ A¥¿eo-\a- m-bn-´p≈ hkvXp\njvT sshcp-[y-߃, tkmjyen-k-Øns‚ kzm`m-h-Øn-\p-Xs∂ A\y-am-bn-´p≈ LS-Iß-fp-ambn Cg-]n-cn™p tN¿∂p. tkmjyen-k-Øn\v A\yam-bn-´p≈ kml-N-cy-L-S-I-߃, Hcp khn-tij cmjv{So-b˛-km-ºØ - nI amXrI D≠m°p∂Xn\v Imc-Wa- m-bn-Øo-¿∂p. am¿Ivkpw FwK¬kpw se\n\pw hn`m- h \w sNbvX tkmjyn-eÃv Z¿i-\-ß-fn¬ \n∂v AsX-{Xtbm hyXykvXhpw hnZq-cÿ-ehpw Bbn-cp-∂p. kmaq-ly-hy-hÿ F∂ \ne-bn-ep≈ tkmjy-en-k-a√ Cu cmP y-ß-fn¬ Ipgn®p-aq-Ss - ∏-´X - v, adn®v tkmjy-en-kvddv aqey-߃ {ItaW \jvSam-bn-s°m-≠n-cp∂ Hcp {]tXyI amXr-I-bmWv Ipgn-®p-aqSs∏-´Xv F∂mWv R߃ Icp-Xp-∂Xv. {]Xy-£-amb Cu Imc-W-ß-fn¬ tkmjy-en-k-Øns‚ P\m-[n-]-Xy-]-c-amb A¥x-k-Ø-bpsS \ntj-[-sØ-°p-dn®v {]tXyIw FSpØv ]d-tb-≠X - p-≠v.  PEOPLE AGAINST GLOBALISATION

BtKm- f - h ¬°- c - W - Ø n- s \- X nsc P\- ß ƒ

th≠Xv h¿§- Ø ns‚ A[n- I m- c - a mWv ]m¿´n- b psS A[n- I m- c - a √ ]m¿´nbpw F√m kaq-l-ß-fnepw kpe-`ambn Im--Wm≥ Ign-bp∂ I£n-c-lnX kwL-S-\-Ifpw XΩn-ep≈ _‘w Hcp {][m\ {]iv\-am-Wv. A[nIm-]-c-amb I¬]\bpw B[n-]-Xyhpw sIm≠mtWm AtXm hnizmkw B¿Pn®pw amXrI Im´n-bpamtWm ]m¿´n Ah¿°v t\XrXzw \¬tI≠Xv ? Rß-fpsS A`n-{]m-b-Øn¬, ]m¿´nbpsS IrXy-amb ]¶pw t{SUv bqWn-b-\pIfpw kaq-lk - ` - I - f - pw-t]m-se-bp≈ kwL-S\-I-fpsS hyXy-kvX-amb ]¶pw Xncn-®-dn™p-sIm≠v ]m¿´nbpw a‰v kwL-S-\-Ifpw XΩn¬ icn-bmb Hcp sshcp-≤ym-fl-I- _‘-amWv Is≠-tØ-≠-Xv. ]m¿´n C∏-d™ a‰v kwL-S-\-Iƒt°m a‰v kwL-S-\-Iƒ ]m¿´nt°m ]I-c-a-√. Hcp tkmjy-enkv‰v cmPysØ cmjv{Sob Pohn-X-Ønse s\Sp-\mb-I-\mb ]m¿´n F∂ \ne-bn¬ ]m¿´nbpw hnhn[ tÉv ÿm]-\-ßfpw XΩn-ep≈ _‘-Øns‚ Imcy-Ønepw CtX {]iv\w Xs∂ ]cn-l-cn-t°-≠-Xp-≠v. ho≠pw ]d-bs´, ]m¿´n tÉv ÿm]-\-߃tIm tÉv ÿm]-\-߃ ]m¿´nt°m ]I-c-a-√ th≠Xv h¿K-Øns‚ A[n-Im-c-am-Wv, ]m¿´n-bpsS A[n-Im-c-a-√ th≠Xv. Bkvt{S-en-b≥ tkmjy-enÃv ]m¿´n 33


_Z¬ tkmjy-en-k-am-Wv, F¥p-sIm≠v?

]cn- j v I - c - W - h m- Z - Ø ns‚ ]nSn- b n¬....... ChnsS Hcp tNmZy-ap≠v apX-em-fn-Ø-Ønte°v aS-ßn-t∏m-Im\pw tkmjy-en-ksØ ssIsh-Sn-bm\pw djy≥ P\X kΩ-Xn-®-sX¥p-sIm≠v? {IqjvtN-hns‚ Ime-Øn-\ptijw h∂ ]pXnb Xe-ap-dsb ]Tn-∏n-®Xpw a\x-im-kv{X-]-c-ambn Xøm-sd-Sp-∏n-®Xpw apXem-fn-Øt- ØmSv IqSp-X¬ B`n-apJyw tXm∂ntb-°m-hp∂ hn[-Øn-em-bn-cp-∂p. F∂ hkvX-sIm-≠p-Xs - ∂. apX-em-fnØw X߃°v kº¬k-ar-≤nbpw kzmX-{¥yhpw \¬Ipsa∂ anYym-[m-cW Ah-cn¬ Df-hm-°-s∏-´p. djy-bnse C∂sØ Iayq-Wn-Ãp-Im-cpsS t\Xm-hmb \os\-B{- μ-tb-hb - psS hm°p-Ifn¬ ]d-™m¬ ""C∂sØ apX-em-fn-ØØns‚ "P\m-[n-]X - y-mh-iyI-XI - '-sf-°p-dn®v D]-tZin {]kwKw \S-Øp-Ibpw AXns‚ bYm¿∞hpw km¶¬]n-Ih - p-amb t\´-ßsf ]mSn-∏p-I-gvØp-Ibpw sNbvXp-sIm≠v P\ßsf t_m[-]q¿Δw hgn-sX-‰n-®p.'' c≠m-aXmbn km[m-cW - ° - m-cs‚ A[zm-\Ø - ns‚ sNe-hn¬ IqSp-X¬ sa®-s∏´ PohnXw A\p`-hn-°p-Ibpw A[n-Imcw Zp¿hn-\n-tbmKw sNøp-Ibpw sNbvXp-sIm-≠n-cp∂ tkmhn-b‰v ]m¿´n _yqtdm-{Im-‰p-Iƒ _lp-P\ - ß - f - n¬ \n∂v H‰-s∏-SpI am{X-a√ _lp-P-\-߃ Ahsc shdp-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. Cu shdp∏v AXns‚ A\-¥-c-^-e-߃ a\-kn-em-°msX tkmhn-b‰v P\X hyh-ÿ-s°-Xn-cmbn amdphm≥ CS-bm-°n. ]s£ ]Wn-sb-Sp-°p∂ kIe P\-ß-fp-sSbpw `cW kwhn-[m-\Ønepw Xocp-am-\-sa-Sp-°p∂ {]{Inb-bnepw Dƒs]-Sp-Øn-sIm≠v tkmjy-enÃv P\m-[n-]XysØ IqSp-X¬ hnI-kn-∏n-°p-∂-Xn¬ tkmhn-b‰v bqWn-b≥ ]cm-P-b-s∏-´p. ]n∂o-Stßm´v tkmhn-b‰v tÉv ]cn-jvIc - W - h - m-Znbmb t\Xr-Xz-Øn¬ Iogn¬ Hcp _yqtdm-{Im‰nIv tÉmbn amdp-Ibpw sNbvXp. _w•m-tZiv h¿t°¿kv ]m¿´n 34

tkmjyenÃv ]≤-Xn-bpsS P\m-[n-]-Xy-]-c-amb AXn-Poh\ £a-Xsb \n¿h-Nn-°p-∂-Xv, GI-I£n hy-h-ÿtbm _lp- I - £ n- h y- h - ÿ tbm A√, adn®v kzoIr- X - a mb cmjv{Sob amXr-I-bpsS bmYm¿∞y-hp-am-bp≈ s]mcp-Øam-Wv, km[p-Xb - mWv ,Cu cmP y-ßf - nse sXmgn-em-fn-h¿§ß-fpsS ssIbn¬ \n∂v Ah-cpsS t\Xr-Xz-]-c-amb ]¶v FSp-Øp-I-f-™p. P\-ß-fpsS bYm¿Y-amb ]¶m-fn-Ø-an√msX A[n-Im-cI - p-ØI \ne-\n¬°p∂ Hcp ÿnXn-bn¬, bYm¿Y P\m-[n-]Xy _‘-߃ hf¿Øn-sb-Sp-°pI km[y-a-√. tkmjy-enÃv BZ¿i-߃ Dt]-£n® Hcp `cW-hn-`m-K-Øn\v A[n-Im-c-Øn¬ Iøp-≠m-b-Xm-Wv \ntj[n- ° m- \ m- h mØ as‰mcp LS- I w. AXv, "apI- f n¬' \n∂v"Nph-´n-te-°mWv kw`-hn-®Xv F∂ hkvXp-Xsb ad°m≥ Ign-bn-√. A`n-{]m-b sFIy-ap-≈Xpw {]Xntj-[m¿la-√m-ØXpw Bb e£y-ßsf a‰v Dt±-iy-߃°mbn Zpcp]-tbmKw sNøp-∂p. Cu kaql-߃ AKm-[-amb am‰ßƒ°p-th≠n sImXn-°p-I-bm-Wv.apc-Sn® tkmjyenksØ ]cn-h¿Ø-\h - n-t[-ba- m-°p∂p F∂-Xns‚ ad-hn¬, apX-em-fnØ am¿K-Øn-te°v Xncn-bp-I-bm-Wv. Nne-cXv t_m[-]q¿hw sNøp-tºmƒ a‰v Nne¿ AXn\v hnt[-bcm-bn-Øo-cp∂p F∂p-am-{Xw.

]ni-Ip-I-fpsS ]c-ºc tkmhn-b‰v kmº-ØnI cmjv{Sob amXrI a‰v cmP y-ßfn¬ AtX coXn-bn¬ bm{¥n-I-ambn ]dn-®p-\-Sm≥ {ian-®XmWv XpS-°Ø - nte ]‰nb sX‰v. ]m¿´n-bpsS am¿IvknÃv se\n-\nÃv kz`mhw {ItaW \jvS-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂-Xn-\p≈ km[yX Df-hm-°n-bXpw \jvS-s∏-Sp-Øn-bXpw AXm-Wv. CXv _lpP\-ßsf ]m¿-´n-bn¬ \n∂v AI‰n; sXmgnem-fn-h¿KØns‚ \ymb-amb A[n-Im-c-߃ Ah-cn¬ \n∂v Ih¿s∂-Sp-Øp. `cW h¿K-߃ k¿h-i-‡-cmbn-Øo¿∂p. Agn-aX - n-aqew kaq-lØ - n¬ t\Xr-Xz-]c - a- mb ]¶v hln-°p-∂-Xn¬ _lp-P-\-߃°v Ign-bmsX h∂p. tkmjyenÃv _‘-ß-fpsS bYm¿Yhpw Ah-iy-hp-amb kz`m-hsØ hf-s®m-Sn-°p∂ Xc-Øn-ep-≈X - m-bn-cp∂p \S∏m-°s - ∏´ kmº-ØnI kw-hn-[m\w. ]pXnb _‘-ßf - n¬ {]Xy-£s - ∏-Sm≥ XpS-ßnb {Ia-t°-Sp-Iƒ, hnI-k\ - Ø - ns‚ A]-Iz-X-bn¬ \n∂v DS-se-Sp-Ø-X√; adn®v (F√m‰n-ep-ap-]cn-bm-bn) tkmjy-enkv‰v kz`m-h-Øn¬ \n∂v {ItaW AI-∂p-t]m-b-Xp-sIm≠mWv. AXv kmºØnI kwhn[m-\-Øn¬ {]Xn-^en-®p-I≠p. sXmgn-em-fn-Iƒ D¬]m-Zt\m-]-I-c-W-ß-fn¬ \n∂v F{Xtbm AI-∂mWv \ne-\n∂-Xv. Ah¿ AXns‚ .b-Ym¿Y DSa-I-fm-bn-Øo-cp-I-bp≠m-bn-√.-ta¬]-d™ Imc-W-ß-fm¬ Hcp {]tXyI L´Øn¬ D¬]m-Z\ - i - ‡ - n-If - n¬ apc-Sn∏v A\p-`h - s - ∏-´p. XpS°-Øn-ep-≠m-bn-cp∂ _‘-߃, tkmjyenÃv BZ¿i-ßfn¬ \n∂v AI-∂p-t]m-Im≥ XpS-ßn-b-t∏mƒ, imkv{X-˛km-t¶-XnI apt∂-‰-Øns‚ Ign-hp-Iƒ hym]-I-ambn D]tbm-Ks - ∏-Sp-Øm-\p≈ km[yX AtXmsS ac-hn-®p-t]m-bn.  PEOPLE AGAINST GLOBALISATION

BtKm- f - h ¬°- c - W - Ø n- s \- X nsc P\- ß ƒ


_Z¬ tkmjy-en-k-am-Wv, F¥p-sIm≠v?

Cßs\ ]dn-®p-\´ kmº-ØnI kwhn-[m-\Ø - ns‚ Ipg- ∏ - ß ƒ°p≈ bYm¿Y ImcWw Fs¥∂v At\z-jn-°m-sX, "Hm´ AS-bv°p'∂Xn-\p-th≠n Cu cmPy-߃ Imem-Im-eß - f - n¬ apJw an\p-°p∂ hn[-Øn¬ Nne kmº-ØnI ]cn-jvIm-c-߃ \S∏m-°p-I-bp-≠mbn. Ah-cpsS ]cm-P-b-Øn-\p≈ ImcWw AXm-bn-cp-∂p. bYm¿Y tkmjy-enÃv kmº-ØnI LS-Ißsf ASn-ÿm-\-am-°n-s°m≠p≈ hn]p-e-amb D¬]m-Z-\-Øn\v hnLmXw h∂Xp-sIm-≠v, P\-ß-fpsS Pohn-X-\n-e-hm-c-Øn¬ AXv XpS¿∂v BLmXw krjvSn-°p-I-bp-≠mbn. ta¬]-d™ ]cn-Xx-ÿn-Iƒ, Cu cmP y-ß-fnse ]uc≥am-cpsS kmaqlyt_m[ \ne-hm-c-Ønepw {]Xn-^-en-®p-I≠p. Xnc-kvIm-c-Øn-s‚-Xmb kao]\w Ah-cn¬ cq]w sIm≠p. Xpd∂ tkmjyenÃv hncp-≤˛ apX-em-fn-Øm\pIqe \n]m-Sp-Iƒ ]n∂oSv Ah-cn¬ I≠-Xv, AXns‚ ^e-am-bn-´m-Wv.\n-e-hn-ep≈ _‘-ßfpw sshcp-≤y-ßfpw ad®p sh®p-sIm≠v bmYm¿Yy-ß-sf-°p-dn®v \S-Ø-s∏´ ssk≤m-¥nI \ymbo-I-c-W-߃, B bmYm¿Yyß-sf-Øs∂ ]tcm-£a- mbn \ntj-[n-°m-\p≈ {]hW-X-bmWv kaq-l-Øn¬ Df-hm-°n-b-Xv. hn´p-hogvNm-a-t\m-`m-h-tØmsS HutZym-KnI \b-Øn\v AwKo-Imcw \¬Inb kn≤m-¥hpw ]tcm-£ambn Xnc-kvI-cn-°p-s∏-´p. bYm¿Yy-tØmSpw AXns\ hf-s®m-Sn® {]Xy£ imkv{X-tØmSpw \ni-_vZa- mb {]Xn-tj[w `qcn-]£w P\-ßf - nepw hf¿∂p hcp-∂-Xn-\mWv AXn-S-bm-°n-b-Xv. Cu I]S {]Xy-b-im-kv{X-amWv bYm¿Y am¿Ivknkw se\n-\nkw F∂v sIm´n-tLm-jn-°s - ∏´p; kaqlw AXv kzoI- c n- ® p.- A - X ns\ AtX hn[Øn¬Xs∂ Xnc-kvIc - n-°p-Ib - pwsNbvXp.-G‰- hpw hn\m-i-I-c-amb Imcyw CXm-bn-cp-∂p. bYm¿Y tkmjy- e nÃv BZ¿i- Ø ns‚ XXz- ß - f psS ÿm\Øv; ]›mXy kaq-l-tØmSv IqSp-X¬ ASp-°p-∂X - n-\p≈ hym]-Ia- mb B{Klw ÿm\w ]nSn-®p. tkmjy-en-ksØ ]c-ky-ambn Xnc-kvIcn-°p-∂X - n\pw hn]-Wn-kº - Zv hyhvkY - sb ]cn-cw`Ww sNøp-∂-Xn\pw i¶m-te-i-sat\y apX-em-fnØ-Øns‚ AWn-bn¬ tNcp-∂-Xn\pw \n m-camb Fs¥-¶nepw Hcp \nanØw e`n-®m¬ aXnbm-bn-cp-∂p. inYn-eo-I-cW {]{Inb-bn¬ apX-emfnØ i‡n-tI-{μ-߃ hln® ]¶ns\ \ap°v Ah-KW - n-°m-\m-hn-√. tkmjy-enÃv cmjv{S-Øns‚ bYm¿Y kmº-ØnI Ign-hp-Iƒs°ms° D]-cn-bm-bn i‡amb Hcp Bbp[ hyh-kmbw hf¿Øn-sb-Sp-°m≥ km{amP yXz ssk\nI kΩ¿Z-߃ ImcWw tkmjyenkw \n¿_-‘n-X-ambn. AXn-s\-Øp-S¿∂v kºZvhy-h-ÿ-bpsS a‰v taJ-e-I-sfbpw P\-ß-fp-sS  PEOPLE AGAINST GLOBALISATION

BtKm- f - h ¬°- c - W - Ø n- s \- X nsc P\- ß ƒ

tkmjy- e nÃv \n¿ΩmWw Nne ]mT- ß ƒ.... 1. tkmjy-enÃv \n¿am-W-Ønse \n¿Wm-bI LSIw ]m¿´n t\XrXz-Øns‚ kz`m-h-am-Wv. 2. hnπ-hØ - nepw tkmjyenÃv ]p\¿\n¿am-WØ - n\pw am¿Ivkn-Ãv˛ se\n-\nÃv {]Xy-b-im-kv{XØns‚ ]cn-ip≤n ImØp-kq-£n-°W - w. ]s£ {]Xy-b-im-kv{X-]-c-amb hyXn-N-e\w Zpc¥w F¥n-\,v hnI-knX tkmjy-en-kØ - ns‚ XI¿Nt]mepw hcp-Øn-sh-°pw. 3. sXmfn-em-fn-h¿K k¿hm-[n-]-XysØ CSn®p XmgvØ-cp-Xv. AXns\ Du´n-bp-d-∏n-°p-∂-Xn-\pth≠n h¿K-k-acw XpS-c-Ww. 4 sXmgn-em-fn-h¿§ kwkvIm-chpw {]Xy-b-imkv { Xhpw sIm≠v _p¿jzm kwkv I m- c Øn\pw{]Xy-bi - m-kv{XØn\pw FXnsc A\-hcXw t]mcm-S-Ww. sXmgn-em-fn-h¿K ImgvN-∏mSv P\-ßsf \nc-¥cw A`y-kn-∏n-°-Ww. temI kw`-h-hn-Im-k-ß-fp-ambn _‘-s∏´pw CXm-hiy-am-Wv. 5. ]Wn-sb-Sp-°p∂ P\-߃°v `c-W-kw-hn-[m-\Ønepw Xocp-am-\-sa-Sp-°p∂ {]{Inb-bnepw {Inbm-flI - a - mb ]¶v btYjvSw hln-°m≥ Ignb-Ø-°-hÆw tkmjy-enÃv P\m-[n-]-XysØ A\p-h¿Øn-°p-Ibpw \nc-¥-c-ambn hnI-kn-∏n°p-Ibpw thWw. ]Wn-sb-Sp-°p∂ Bfp-If - psS kzmX-{¥y-Øn\v A[n-Im-cÿ m-\Ø - ns‚ A[nImc Zp¿hn-\n-tbm-KØ - n¬ \n∂v ]cnc£ \¬IWw. 6. `c-W-L-S-\m-]-c-amb {]Jym-]\w sIm≠-√, ]ns∂tbm icn°pw P\-ß-fpsS hnizmkw B¿Pn-®p-sIm≠mWv ]m¿´n t\XrXzw {]XnjvT t\tS-≠X - .v 7. _qtdm-{I-kn-bpsS Bhn¿`m-h-Øn-s\-Xnsc Pm{KX thWw. DtZym-Kÿ - ≥am-cp-sSbpw ]m¿´nbp-sSbpw {]h¿Ø-\ß - ƒ°v ta¬t\m´w hln°m-\p≈ Ah-Im-ihpw Ahsc hna¿in°m\p≈ Ah-I-mihpw P\-߃°v e`y-am-Ip∂ Xc-Øn-ep≈ am¿Kw AXn\p th≠n D]-tbmKn-°W - w. 8. A[n-Im-c-Øn-em-sW-¶nepw As√-¶nepw icn ]m¿´n GXv kml-N-cy-Ønepw am¿Ivkn-kØns‚ apJy B[m-ci - n-eI - f - n-sem-∂mb sXmgnem-fn-h¿K km¿h-tZ-io-bX - b - psS XXzw I¿i-\ambn ]n¥p-S-c-Ww. 9. imkv{X-Øn-s‚bpw kmt¶-XnIhnZy-bp-sSbpw cwKØv tkmjy- e nÃv kaqlw AXns‚ Hu∂nXyw ]pe¿Ø-Ww. temIsØ imkv{X ˛km-t¶-XnI hnZym hnIm-ksØ D]-tbm-Kn-°m≥ th≠{X {i≤-sh-°p-Ibpw thWw. _w•m-tZiv h¿t°¿kv ]m¿´n 35


_Z¬ tkmjy-en-k-am-Wv, F¥p-sIm≠v?

h¿§- k - a cw \mw I≠p- ] n- S n- ° p- I - b m- b n- c p- ∂ n- √ ... am¿Ivkn-kw-˛-se-\n-\n-k-Øns‚ kn≤m-¥hpw {]tbm-Khpw Hc-S® ]pkvX-I-ambn IW-°m-°-cpXv. AXm-bXv \mw Hcp {]Xn-`m-ksØ \n¿h-Nn-®pI-gn-™m¬ Hcp \ne°v hc-´p-X-Xz-sa-∂-t]mse \mw AXv apdpsI ]nSn-°p-∂p. HcpZml-cWw Nq≠n-°m-Wn-°mw.-tkm-jy-enkw D¬]m-Zt- \m-]I - c - W-ß-fpsS s]mXp DS-a-ÿ-X-bmbn Nn{Xo-I-cn-®psIm-≠p≈ hfsc efn-X-amb \n¿h-N\w Rß-fptSXv Dƒs∏sS ]e ]m¿´n-Ifpw ]n¥p-S¿∂p-t]m∂p. auen-I-ambpw 1917-˛se HIvtSm-_¿ hnπhsØ XpS¿∂p-≈ A\p-`-h-ß-fn¬ \n∂p-b¿∂ph-∂X - mWv tkmjy-en-kØ - ns‚ Cu efn-Xa - mb \n¿h-N-\w. \nkw-i-b-ambpw CsXmcp kp{]-[m\ kzm`m-h\ - n¿W-ba - m-Wv. F∂m¬ hnb-Xv\man¬\n∂v h∂ kJmhv Nq≠n-°m-´n-b-Xp-t]mse Cu efn-amb \n¿h-N\w hf-≠-dnÃv \b-ß-fnte°v \bn-°p-∂p. (km-º-ØnI hnI-k-\sØ \nb-{¥n-°p∂ hkvXp \njvT-amb \nb-a-߃ \ne-hn-ep-s≠∂ Imcyw XXz-Øn¬ \ntj-[n-°emWv hf-≠-dn-kw) AXm-I-s´, tkmjy-en-kØn¬ Nc-°p¬]m-Z-\-Øn¬ \n∂pw Itºmf kwhn-[m-\-Øn¬ \n∂pw \mw hnap-‡-am-sW∂pw auen-Ia - mbn c≠p-Xcw DS-aÿ m-hI - miw/tÉp-Sa - ÿ-Xbpw kl-I-cW kwL-ßfpw/ am{Xta D≈psh-∂p-ap≈ sX‰mb \nK-a-\-Øn-te°v sNs∂-Øn°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂p. Rß-fpsS {]h¿Ø-\߃°v am¿K-Z¿in-bm-bn-´p-≈Xv c≠v auenI kao-]\ - a - m-Wv H∂v Rß-fpsS [mc-WI - fpw {]h¿Ø-\ß - fpw sXmgn-em-fn-h¿K-Øn-s‚bpw AXns‚ kJyi‡nI-fp-sSbpw \ne sa®-s∏-SpØp-∂-XmtWm? Ah \sΩ {]Jym-]n-X-e£yw t\Sp-∂-Xn-\p≈ hfhpw Xncnhpw \nd™ ]mX-bneqsS Ht∂m ct≠m ASn aptºm´v sIm≠p-t]m-Ip∂pt≠m? h¿K-ßf - p-t≈-St- Ømfw Imew h¿K-kacw \ne-\n¬°p-sa∂Xv kXy-am-Wv. \mw, IayqWn-Ãp-Im¿ h¿K-k-acw I≠p-]n-Sn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂n√. \ma-Xn\v Hcp Znibpw cmjv{Sob D≈-S-°hpw \¬Im≥ {ian-°p-Ib - mWv sNbvXX - v. Z£n-Wm-{^n-°≥I-Ωyq-WnÃv ]m¿´n 36

Pohn-X-\n-e-hm-c-sØbpw AXv {]Xn-Iq-eambn _m[n®p. CXn-s\ms° D]-cn-bmbn km{am-P yXzw Bi-b-]-c-amb B{I-a-Whpw sI´-gn-®p-hn-´p. Cu cmP y-ß-fn¬ \ne-\n-∂ncp∂ kmº-ØnI LS-\-bpsS DƒIm-ºphsc No™-fn-™n-cp∂psh-∂-Xn-\m¬ D]t`m‡r kaq-l-ß-fpsS BZ¿ih¬I-cn-°s∏´ apX-em-fn-Øm-\p-Iqe Bi-b-߃°v Ffp-∏-Øn¬ thcp-]n-S-n°m≥ Ign-™p. CØcw ]cn-Xx-ÿn-Xn-I-fn¬ Ign-bm-hp∂ F√m hn[-Ønepw Cd-°p-aXn sNø-s∏´ km{am-P yXz {]Xy-bi - m-kv{X-Øn\v Ahn-Sßfn¬ hf¿®-bp-≠m-hm-Xn-cn-°m≥ hgn-bn-√t√m. hn\m-i-I-c-amb {]-Xn-hn-π-h-Øns‚ then-tb-‰Ø - n-\n-Sb - n¬ Aaq-eyhpw \ymbbp‡-hp-amb Bi-b-߃, ]n¥n-cn-∏≥ Ahk-c-hmZ kao-]-\-ß-fp-ambn Iq´n-°-e¿Øs∏-´p. tkmhn-b‰v s]cn-kvt{Xm-bn° AXns\-sb√mw kzoI-cn-®p. t{]m’m-ln-∏n-®p. Xzcn- X - s ∏- S p- Ø n. ta¬ hnh- c n® hn[Ønep≈ ]cn-Xx-ÿn-XnI-fn¬, ]pXnb tkmjy-enÃv _‘-߃°v hf¿® {]m]n°m≥ km[y-a-√m-bn-cp-∂p. am\-h-cm-in-bpsS kulr-Z-Øn-\p-th≠n GsXmcp Np‰p-]mSn¬ \n∂p-sIm-≠mtWm hmZn-°p-∂-Xv B Np‰p-]m-Sn\v IS-I-hn-cp-≤-am-bn-cp-∂p, Cu ]pXnb tkmjy-enÃv _‘-ß-fpsS e£y߃. sXmgn-em-fn-I-fp-sSbpw kv{XoI-fpsSbpw ]pcp- j ≥am- c p- s Sbpw t_m[]q¿Δhpw Bth-i-]q¿W-hp-amb kw`m-h\-bn-√msX tkmjy-enkw bYm¿Y-Øn¬ sI´n-∏-Sp-°m-\m-hn-√. C∏-d-™-Xn¬ \n∂v am¿Ivkv hn`m-h\w sNbvX hn[-Øn-ep≈ hnI-k-\-Øns‚ Cu L´-sØ-°p-dn®v Bi¶m-Ip-e-amb \ne-]m-Sn-te°v \mw sNs∂-Øcp- X v. F∂p- X - s ∂- b √ am¿Ivkn- k sØ kw_-‘n®v Htc kao-]-\-a-√, km¿h{Xn-Iambn kzoI-cn-°-s∏-´n-´p-≈-Xv. CXn-s\mcp DZm-lc - Ww Iyq_-bm-Wv. sX‰p-]‰- mØ Hcp amXr-Ib - mWv Rß-fp-sSXv F∂ hn[-Øn¬ Ah- X - c n- ∏ n- ° mt\m sX‰p- I - f n¬ \n∂v tamN\w t\Sn-bX - m-Wv. Rß-fpsS hnI-k\ {]{Inb F∂v {]kvXm-hn-°mt\m R߃ Dt±-in-°p-∂n-√. bYm¿Y-Øn¬ Imcyw adn-®mWv. Iyq_-bpsS hnπh {]{Inb-°n-S-bn¬ R߃°v sX‰p-]‰- n-bn-´p-≠v. F∂m¬ Ah ]c-ky-ambn AwKo-I-cn-°-s∏-´n-´p≠v; t\Xm°fpw P\-ßfpw XΩn-ep≈ At`-Zy-amb _‘-Øn-eq-sS, kXy-tØmSpw XXz-ß-tfmSp-ap≈ Rß-fpsS {]Xn-_≤ - X - b - psS ]n≥XpPEOPLE AGAINST GLOBALISATION

BtKm- f - h ¬°- c - W - Ø n- s \- X nsc P\- ß ƒ


_Z¬ tkmjy-en-k-am-Wv, F¥p-sIm≠v?

W- t bm- s S,Ah- s °√mwR߃ ]cnlmcw Is≠- Ø n- b n- ´ p- ≠ v.- A - X m- b Xv "s]cn- k vt{Xm- b n°'°v BtKmf cmjv{Sob {]m[m\yw e`n- ° p- ∂ - X n\v F{Xtbm apºv, ""tkmjyen-ksØ ]cnjvI-cn-°m-\p≈ Hcp ]≤-Xn-bmWXv"" F∂v ]n∂oSv hymJym-\n-°-s∏-Sp-∂-Xn\v F{Xtbm apºv, Rß- f psS cmP yw kmaq-ly-X-e-Øn¬ Hcp ]cn-jvI-cW ]≤Xn Bcw-`n®v Ign-™n-cp-∂p. kmºØnI taJ-e-bn¬ cq]w sIm≠ Nne \ntj- [ m- fl I {]h- W - X - I sf \n¿am¿P\w sNøpI F∂-Xm-bn-cp∂p AXns‚ e£yw. kº-Zvhy-hÿ - ° - ∏ - p-dw, cmP y-Øns‚ cmjv{Sob Pohn-XØnse F√m taJ-e-I-fn-te°pw (]m¿´n-bn¬ Dƒs]-sS) hym]n® sX‰p-Iƒ {i≤m]q¿Δw Xncp-ØpI F∂Xpw AXns‚ e£y-am-bn-cp-∂p. 

Ãmens‚ tZmj-ßsf A]-{K-Yn®v Im´nsb-¶n¬ Xs∂bpw At±-l-Øns‚ {]Xntcm-[-Øn-\mbn apt∂m-´p-h-cn-Ibpw tkmhnb‰v bqWn-b-\n¬ Dcp-≠p-Iq-Snb B[p-\nI ]cn-jvIc - W - h - m-ZØ - n-s\-Xnsc {]Xym-{IaWw Agn-®p-hn-Sp-Ibpw sNbvX-Xns‚ D∂X-amb {]ikvXn auhn\v Ah-Im-i-s∏-´-XmWv.s - Xm-gn-emfn h¿Kw cmjv{Sobm-[n-Imcw t\Sp-tºmƒ _q¿-jzmkn tkmjyenÃv kaq-l-Øn¬ c≠mw ÿm\-tØ°v amdp-I am{X-amWv sNøp-∂-Xv, A√msX A{XthKw A{]-Xy£-am-Ip-∂n-√. kzbw ]p\cp-÷o-hn-°p-Ibpw kmaq-ly-Po-hn-X-Øns‚ hnhn[ aWvU-e-ß-fn¬ ho≠pw {]Xy-£s∏-Sp-Ipbpw sNøm≥t]mepw _p¿jzmkn°v Ign-bpw. h¿K-k-acw apt∂m´v t]mIp-∂p. h¿K-k¿hm-[n-]Xyw Db¿Øn∏n-Sn-®p-sIm≠pw _p¿jzm Ah-Imi-߃°v \nb-{¥Ww G¿s∏-Sp-Øn-s°m≠p-am-bn-cn-°Ww AXv apt∂m´v t]mtI-≠Xv. As√-¶n¬ B[p-\nI ]c-njvI-c-WhmZw s]m¥n-h-cn-Ibpw apX-em-fnØ ]p\xÿm-]\w \S-°p-Ibpw sNbvsX-∂p-h-cpw. ^nen-s∏-bv≥kv I-Ωyq-WnÃv ]m¿´n REFERENCE

ka-Im-eo\ temI ]cn-X-ÿn-Xnbpw am¿Ivknk-Øns‚ km[p-Xbpw km¿Δ-tZ-iob skan-\m¿ tcJ-Iƒ ˛ 1992, Nn¥ ]ªn-tj¿kv am¿IvknÃv kwhm-Zw, hnhn[ e°-߃ am¿Ivknkw Hcp ssI]p-kvX-Iw, s{]m^. sI.-F≥.-Kw-Km-[-c≥ PEOPLE AGAINST GLOBALISATION

BtKm- f - h ¬°- c - W - Ø n- s \- X nsc P\- ß ƒ

GXv Xc- Ø n- e p≈ ]m¿´n- b mWv \mw sI´n- ∏ - S p- t °- ≠ Xv ? _lp-P-\-]m¿´nbpw Db¿∂ KpW-\n-e-hm-c-ap-≈-h-cpsS ]m¿´nbpw XΩn-ep≈ _\-[-amWv Rßsf kw_-‘n-®n-S-tØm-f-sa-¶nepw N¿®bpsS kØ DZm-l-c-W-Øn\v {Inkvlm-\n-bpsS h[-sØ-XpS¿∂v D≠mb kml-Nc - y-Øn¬ IS-∂p-Ib - dn km[y-am-sW-¶n¬ Bbn-c° - W - ° - n-\w-Kß - sf ]m¿´n-bn-te°v dn{Iq´v sNtø-≠Xpt≠m? t\sc-a-dn®v 50,000 hcp∂ Ct∏m-gsØ AwK-ßsf H∂p-IqSn GIo-Ic - n-°p-Ib - mtWm th≠Xv? AXp-as - √-¶n¬ c≠pw sNtø-≠-Xpt≠m? AXn-\p≈ efn-X-amb DØcw c≠pw sNøpI F∂p-X-s∂, ]s£, {]tbm-K-Øn¬ hcp-Øm≥ {ian-°ptºmƒ AXv Iptd-°qSn k¶o¿W-ambn tXm∂pw. Ct∏m-gsØ AwK-ß-sfbpw Ct∏m-gsØ LS-\-sbbpw \ne-\n¿Øn aptºm´v t]mIp-tºmƒ Xs∂ Kpcp-X-c-amb ]e {]iv\-ßfpw Rß-fpsS ]m¿´n°v t\cn-tS-≠n-h-cp-∂p-≠v. \nc-¥-chpw Xo{h-hp-ambn cmjv{Sob hnZym-`ymkw \¬Ip-Is - b-∂Xv R߃ A`n-ap-Jo-Ic - n°p∂ Kpcp-X-c-amb Hcp {]iv\-am-Wv. Rßsf kw_-‘n-®n-StØmfw ap≥K-W\ - m-ta-Je Rß-fpsS ]m¿´n AwK-ßfpsS cmjv{Sob t_m[hpw [mc-Wbpw hf¿Øp∂ {]iv\-am-Wv. F¥psIm-s≠-∂m¬ R߃°v \¬Im≥ Ign-bp∂ khn-tij kw`mh\ AXm-sW∂v R߃ Icp-Xp-∂p. AXm-h-s´, tZiob hntamN\ {]ÿm-\-Ønepw t{SUv bqWn-b≥ {]ÿm-\-Ønepw kzm[o\w sNep-Øp-Ibpw sNøpw. Hcp Iayq-WnÃv ]m¿´n-bmsW-∂X - p-sIm≠v kn≤m-¥Ø - nepw cmjv{So-ba - mbn AXv {]tbm-KØn¬ hcp-Øp-∂-Xnepw Bi-b-]-c-amb taJ-e-bpsS IpØI kzta-[bm ssIh-cp-sa∂ A`n-{]m-bhpw R߃°n-√. Z£n-Wm{^n-°-bn¬ tkmjy-enÃv hyhÿ G¿s∏-SpØpIsb∂ e£yw ssIh-cn-°p-∂-Xn\v a‰nSXp-]£ i‡n-I-fp-ambn tbmPn®v {]h¿Øn-°m≥ \mw am¿Kw Is≠-tØ-≠n-bn-cn-°p-∂p. Bkq{XnX kº-Zvhy-h-ÿbpw Itºm-fhpw P\m-[n-]Xyhpw XΩnep≈ _‘sØ kw_-‘n-®n-S-tØmfw ]m¿´n-Iƒ H‰-s°m‰°pw Iq´mbpw Btem-Nn-t°≠ Hcp Imcy-am-W-Xv. XmXzn-I-ambn CXv km[y-am-sW∂v am{X-a√ Cu aq∂v LS-I-ßfpw Iq´n-bn-W°msX tkmjy-en-k-Øn\v AN-©-e-amb ÿnXn ssIh-cn-°-bns√-∂mWv Rß-fpsS ImgvN-∏m-Sv. hnπ-h-I-c-amb {]h¿Ø-\-Øneq-sSbpw sXmgn-em-fn-Ifpw km[m-cW P\-ßfpw B {]h¿Ø-\Øn¬ G¿s∏-Sp-∂-Xn-eq-sSbpw am{Xta ]pXnb kaqlw sI´n-∏Sp-°m≥ Ign-bq. km[m-cW P\-ß-fpsS `mK-`m-KnXz an√msX AXv km[n-°p-Itb C√. _lp I£n P\m-[n-]Xyw Cs∂-∂t]mse tkmjy-enÃv \n¿am-W-L-´-Øn-se-Øp-tºmgpw KpW-I-cam-bn-cn-°p-sa∂v R߃ Icp-Xp-∂p. t{SUv bqWn-b≥ {]ÿm-\w -kw-L-S-\m-]-c-ambpw LS-\m-]-c-a-mbpw Xocp-am-\-sa-Sp-°p∂ {]{Inb-bnepwF√m cmjv{Sob ]m¿´n-I-fn¬ \n∂v kzX-{¥-am-bn-cn-°Ww. Rms\m-cp-Zm-lc - Ww \¬I-s´. "tImkm-Sp'-hmWv Z£n-Wm{^n-°-bnse G‰hpw henb t{SUv bqWn-b≥ s^U-td-j≥ AXns‚ t\Xm-°-fn¬ ]ecpw Rß-fpsS ]m¿´n t\Xm-°fpw AwK-ß-fp-am-Wv. t{SUv bqWn-b≥ {]ÿm-\-Øns‚ GsX-¶n-epsamcp Xocp-am-\-sa-Sp-°¬ {]{In-b-bn¬ Iayq-Wn-Ãv]m¿´n CS-s]´m¬ AXv Ak-l-\o-b-ambn tImkm-Sphpw Rßfpw IW-°m°pw. Z£n-Wm-{^n-°≥I-Ωyq-WnÃv ]m¿´n 37


_Z¬ tkmjy-en-k-am-Wv, F¥p-sIm≠v?

BtKm-fh- ¬°-cW- L- ´- Ø - nse apX-em-fnØ hf¿®-bpsS Cu {]tXyI L´-sØ-∏‰n BtKmf Xe- Ø n¬ CS- X p- ] - £ - Ø n- \ p- ≈ n¬Ø- s ∂- b p≈ {]_- e - a mb ho£W߃ Cßs\ t{ImUo-I-cn-°mw. 1). ap-Xe - m-fnØw hyh-ÿm-]c - a- m-bn-Øs∂ bYm¿∞-amb Hcp {]Xn-k‘ - n-L´- Ø - n-em-Wv.

\n¿Wm-b-I-amb Hcp ]cn-h¿Ø\- Ø ns‚ L´- Ø n¬Ø- s ∂bmWv temIw. F∂m¬,GXv Znibn-te-°mWv Cu ]cn-Wm-a-sa-∂XmWv {][m-\w. apX-em-fnØw AXns‚ A{I- t am- ¬ - k p- I - X bmsI Hcp-an®v ]pd-sØ-Sp-ØpsIm-≠n-cns° Cu am‰w \ntj[m-flI - a- mb H∂m-hm-\mWv km[yX. Ncn-{X-Øn-em-Zy-am-bn, tkmjy-enk-Øn-\p-th-≠n-bp-≈ t]mcm´w a\p-jy-Po-hn-X-Øn-\p-th-≠n-Øs∂-bp≈ t]mcm-´a- mbn amdp-Ib - mWv. tkmjy-enkw Hcp \ne°pw Cs∂mcp Dt´m-]y≥ kz]v\-a-√-˛am-\-hn-I-X-sbbpw `qan-sbbpw kwc-£n-°m-\p≈ A\n-hm-cy-Xbm-W-Xv. ]ptcm-K-a-\-]-c-sa∂v Icp-X-s∏-Sp∂ \ne-]m-Sp-I-sft∏mepw I¿°-i-amb ]cn-tim-[\bv°v hnt[-b-am-°p-∂-Xns‚ {]k-‡nbpw AXm-Wv. 38

]pXnb hn`-h-t{km-X- p-Iƒ Is≠-Øm≥ Ign-bmØ ÿnXn, {Kma-ß-fn-√mXmIp∂-tXmsS Ipd™ Iqen-\n-c-°n-ep≈ sXmgnem-fn-I-fpsS Zu¿e-`yw, h¿[n®p hcp∂ ]cn-ÿnXn {]iv\-߃ hcp-Øn-sh-°p∂ sNe-hp-Iƒ, Btcm-Ky-˛h - n-Zym-`ymk taJ-eI - f - n¬ IqSp-X¬ ]Ww apS-°m≥ \n¿_-‘n-X-am-°p∂ Ahÿ XpSßn aqe- [ \w Ip∂p- I q- ´ p- ∂ - X n¬ \n∂v apX- e m- f n- Ø sØ XSbp∂XS°w \nc-h[n Imc-Wß - fmWv Cu hne-bn-cp-Øe - ns‚ ASnØ-d. LS-\m-]c - a- mb CØcw kΩ¿≤-߃ Ipd-®p-sIm-≠p-hc - m≥ F√m Ime-Øp-sa-∂-t]mse C∂pw apXem--fnØw {ian-°p-∂p-≠v. \h DZm-c-h¬°-c-W-Øns‚ t]cn-epff F√m AXn-{I-a-ßfpw CXns‚ `mK-amWv B¥-cnI {]Xn-k-‘n-Iƒ sNdn-b-a-´n¬ ]cnl-cn-°p-tºm-tg°pw ]pXn-bXpw IqSp-X¬ k¶o¿W-hp-amb {]iv\߃ apX-em-fn-Ø-Øn-\-IØv cq]-s∏-Sp-∂-Xm-bmWv A\p-`-hw. {]Xn-k-‘n-bpsS Hmtcm L´-Øn-epw, Db¿∂p-h-cp∂ cmjv{Sob apt∂-‰-߃°v XS-bn-Sm≥ th≠n C\n _Z-ep-I-fn√' F∂ kn≤m¥-sØ-bmWv apX-em-fnØw Iq´p-]n-Sn-°p-∂-Xv.

2). ASn-ÿm-\] - c - a- mb Hcp am‰-Øn\v hgn-sh-°m-hp-∂X - mWv apX-em-fnØw t\cn-Sp∂ {]Xn-k‘ - n. AXv ]ptcm-Ka- \ - ] - c - tam \ntj-[m-flI - tam BImw 3). apX-em-fn-Ø-Øn-\-IsØ {]Xn-k‘n apX-se-SpØv temIsØ am‰n-a-dn-°m≥ ]sØm-ºXmw \q‰m-≠n¬ cq]s∏-Sp-Ønb X{¥-߃ C∂v ^e-{]-Za- √. CS-Xp-]£w samØØn¬ Zp¿_-ehpw AXns‚ {]h¿Ø\w A\n-›n-XXzw \nd™-Xp-am-Wv. se\ns‚ Ime-sØ-∂-t]m-se, \√ \msf A\n-hm-cy-ambpw kw`hn°pw F∂ coXn-bn-ep≈ ip`m]vXn hnizmkw C∂v imkv{Xo-ba-s√-∂-XmWv Hcp hmZw. DZm-c-h¬°-c-W-Øn-s‚bpw BtKm-fh¬°-c-W-Øn-s‚bpw IS-∂m-{I-a-W-Øn¬ hntam-N\ {]Xo-£I-sf√mw s]men-™p-t]m-bv°-gn™p F∂v {]N-cn-∏n°p-∂-h-cn¬ \n∂v am{X-a√ Cu hna¿i\w Dbcp∂-Xv. `c-W-IqSw ]nSn-s®SpØv temIsØ am‰n-Øo¿°p-Is - b∂ se\n-\nÃv k¶¬]w C∂v PEOPLE AGAINST GLOBALISATION

BtKm- f - h ¬°- c - W - Ø n- s \- X nsc P\- ß ƒ


_Z¬ tkmjy-en-k-am-Wv, F¥p-sIm≠v?

CS-Xp-]£ cmjv{Sobw Imtem-Nn-X-a-s√∂v Hcp hn`mKw CS-Xp--]£°m¿ Xs∂-bmWv hmZn-°p-∂-Xv. 1945-˛1970 Ime-L-´-Øn¬ temIsØ ]e- cm-P yß-fnepw CS-Xp-]£w A[n-Im-c-Øn¬ hcn-I-bp-≠m-bn.-F-∂m¬, Ah-s°m∂pw temIsØ "am‰n-Øo¿°pI' F∂ e£y-Øn-\-SptØ-°p-t]mepw Db-cm≥ Ign-™n-´n-s√∂v kz¥w hmZ-Øn\v Dt]m¬_-e-I-ambn Ch¿ Nq≠n-°m-´p-∂p.

apJy-ambpw Cu aq∂v [mc-W-I-fn-eq-∂p∂ CS-Xp- ]-£-hn`mKw _Z¬ X{¥-߃ Fs¥-√m-am-bn-cn-°W - sa∂ \n¿t±in-°p-∂p-≠v. Ah Cßs\ kam-l-cn-°mw˛ 1).

2).

3).

tkmjy¬ t^md-Øns‚ amXr-I-bn-ep≈ {]Xn-tcm-[-{]ÿm\w thWw. AXm-bXv temI-sa-ßp-ap≈ hyh-ÿm-hncp≤ {]ÿm-\-ß-fpsS D®-˛-\oN t{iWn-bn-√mØ GtIm]\w "ag-hn¬ kJyw' (Rainbow alliance) F∂v sPkn PmIvk¨ hnti-jn-∏n-°p∂ hn[-Øn-ep≈ Ab™ LS\-bp≈ {]ÿm-\-amWv CXns‚ e£yw. Cu LS-\-bp≈ {]ÿm-\-Øn\v A¿Y-]q¿W-amb Xc-Øn¬ {]h¿Øn-°m\m-Iptam F∂v Bi-¶s - ∏-Sm-sa-¶nepw Ab™ LS-\bv°v ASn-®-a¿Ø-ep-Isf IqSp-X¬ ^e-{]-Z-ambn AXn-Po-hn-°m\m-Ip-sa-∂-XmWv Cu hmZ-Øns‚ ASn-Ød sXc-s™-Sp∏v cmjv{So-b-tØm-Sp≈ kao-]\w amd-Ww. sXc-s™-Sp∏v hnP-b-sa-∂Xv Zo¿L-Ime hnπ-h-Øns‚ Ahn-`m-P y-L-S-I-a-√. B¿Pn® t\´-ßsf kwc-£n-°m-\p≈ Hcp {]mtbm-KnI {]Xn-tcm[ coXn am{X-am-W-Xv. C°mcyw sIm≠v am{X-amWv sXc-s™-Sp∏v cmjv{Sobw Ah-K-Wn°m≥ Ign-bmØ H∂m-bn-cn-°p-∂-Xv. A√m-sX, sXc-s™Sp∏v hnP-bw-sIm≠v temIsØ am‰n-Øo¿°m-\m-hp-sa-∂Xp-sIm-≠-√. P\m-[n-]-Xy-h¬°-cW {]{Inb A`w-Kpcw apt∂m-´p-sIm≠p-t]m-IWw. IqSp-X¬ hnZym-`ym-kw, IqSp-X¬ BtcmKyw XpSßn P\-Po-hn-X-Øn¬ t\cn¬ ^e-ß-fp-≠m-°m-hp∂ ap{Zm-hm-Iy-߃ IqSp-X¬ IqSp-X¬ Db¿Øn-sIm-≠p-hc - Ww aqe-[\w A¥-an-√msX Ip∂p-Iq-´m-\p≈ apX-em-fn-ØØns‚ bXv\-߃°v Cu ap{Zm-hm-Iy-߃ XS-bn-Spw. A[nIm-cØ - n¬ P\-Iob k¿°m-cp-If - m-sW-¶nepw CØcw ap{Zmhm- I y- ß ƒ Db¿Øn- s °m≠p hcp- ∂ - X n¬ hn´p- h ogvN sNbvXp-IqSm. P\-Iob kΩ¿Z-Øn¬ \n∂v CS-Xp-]£ k¿°m-cp-Isf am‰n-\n¿Øp-∂Xv Ahsb IqSp-X¬ a[yPEOPLE AGAINST GLOBALISATION

BtKm- f - h ¬°- c - W - Ø n- s \- X nsc P\- ß ƒ

hnπ-hX - {- ¥-߃ Imtem-NnX-ambn amtd-≠h Xs∂-sb¶n-epw, 1848 ¬ XpSßn kmaq-ly-am-‰-Øn-\p-th≠n \S∂ DZya-ßf- msI ]cm-Pb-am-bn-cp-∂p-sh∂ hne-bncp- Ø - e nepw ]ni- I p- ≠ v . ]mcokv Iayq- W m- b mepw HIvtSm-_¿ hnπ-h-am-bmepw Ch-sbm∂pw ]q¿Wambpw \ap°p ]n∂n-te°v ad-™p-Ig- n™ kwK-Xn-If-√. Ahbpw XpS¿∂p≈ \nc-h[n CS-Xp-]£ ]co£-Wß - f- p-sa√mw Ncn-{X-]c-amb XpS¿® ]pe¿Øp-∂h-bmWv F∂ hne-bn-cp-ØemWv imkv{Xo-bw. 39


_Z¬ tkmjy-en-k-am-Wv, F¥p-sIm≠v?

NqjWm-[n-jvTn-X-amb apX-emfn-ØsØ tkmjy-enkw sIm≠v BtZ-iwsNøpI F∂ Ncn{X-]c - amb A\n-hm-cyX kzb-tah kw`-hn-°p∂ H∂-√. AØcw Hcp kmaq-lnI ]cn-h¿Ø\w \SØm≥ Ign-bp∂ \n¿Wm-bI - a - mb LSIw sXmgn-em-fn-h¿K-Øns‚bpw I¿j-Ic - p-sSbpw ]Wn-sbSp-°p∂ F√m P\-ß-fp-sSbpw i‡n-tb-dn-s°m-≠n-cn-°p∂ t]mcm-´ß - f - psS {]Xy-bi - m-kv{X-]chpw cmjv{Sobhpw kwL-S-\m-]-chp-amb icn-bmb t\Xr-Xz-am-Wv. Cu h¿Kt_m[w \n¿ho-cy-am-hpItbm aμo-`-hn-°p-I-tbm sNøptºmƒ B ÿnXn-ti-jsØ Xß-fpsS h¿K-`-cWw imizXoIcn-°p-∂-Xn-\pth≠n {]Xn-hnπ-h-Øns‚ i‡n-Iƒ apXseSp°p-∂p. apX-em-fn-ØØ - n¬ \n∂v tkmjyen-k-Øn-te-°p≈ ]cnh¿Ø-\Ø - ns‚ Ime-L´w bmsXmcp hfhpw ]pf-hp-an-√mØ Hcp EPp-]m-Xb - m-sW-∂v, AXnepw {][m-\-ambn ]nd-tIm´v t]mIm≥ høm-ØX - m-sW-∂pw efn-X-ambpw bm{¥n-I-ambpw ]et∏mgpw [cn-®p-I-f-™p. h¿K kaq-l-Øn-s‚ G‰hpw Db¿∂ cq]-amb apX-em-fn-Ø-Øn¬ \n∂v Hcp h¿K-c-lnX kaq-l-amb Iayq-Wn-k-Øn-te-°p≈ ]cnh¿Ø-\s - Ø-bm-Wv tkmjyenkw bYm¿Y-Øn¬ {]Xn-\n[m\w sNøp-∂-Xv. AXp-sIm≠v shdpw kl-h¿ØnXzw am{X-a√ Nqj-Wm-flI - a - mb apX-em-fn-Ø{Iaw ImØp-kq-£n-°m-\m-{K-ln°p∂ {]Xn-hn-π-h-i-‡n-Ifpw a\p-jy-cm-in-bpsS tamN\w tXSp∂ hnπ-h-i-‡n-I-fpw XΩnep-ff \nc-¥-chpw i‡n-tb-dnsIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂X - p-amb t]mcm´hpw Cu L´-Øn-s‚ Ahn-`mPy `mK-amWv. IΩyq-WnÃv ]m¿´n Hm^v C¥ym (am¿Ivkn-Ãv) 40

h¿Øn-˛-h-e-Xp-]£ kz`m-h-ap-≈-Xm-°n-Øo¿°pw. 4). Ncn-{X-]-c-amb ISa \nd-th-‰m≥ en_-d¬-˛-a-[y-h¿Øn hn`mK-ß-fn¬ kΩ¿±w sNep-Ø-Ww. hm°pw {]hr-Ønbpw XΩnse _‘-Øns‚ Imcy-Øn¬ hnizm-k-tbm-Ky-c√ Cu hn`m-Kw. DZm-l-c-W-Øn-\v, IpØ-I-h¬°-c-WsØ AXncq-£-ambn Ch¿ hna¿in-°pw. AtX-k-a-bw, Xt±-iob hyhkm-b-ßsf sshtZ-inI a¬k-c-Øn¬ \n∂v kwc-£n-°m\p≈ k¿°m-cns‚ _m[yXsb Ch¿ I-≠n-s√∂v \Sn-°pIbpw sNøpw. F¶n-epw, kzbw kXy-k-‘X ]pe¿Øm-\mIm-Ø-Xn¬ e÷n-°p-∂-h-cmWv Ch-cn¬ Hcp sNdp-hn-`m-Ksa-¶n-epw. kz¥w Ncn{X ZuXyw \nd-th-‰m≥ C°q-´-cpsS ta¬ \nc-¥c kΩ¿±w sNep-Ø-Ww. 5). hwio-bXm hncp-≤-Xsb P\m-[n-]Xy {]m]vXn-bpsS Afhp-tIm-em-°Ww,. BtKm-f-ambpw tZio-b-X-e-Ønepw hwiob-Xm-hn-cp≤ t]mcm´w Hcp Imc-W-h-imepw c≠mw ÿm\tØ°v X≈-s∏´p IqSm. 6). Nc-°p-h¬°-cW - sØ {]Xn-tcm-[n-°W - w. apX-em-fnØ hyhÿ-°-IØv kzImcy kzØn-t\-°mƒ A[-a-am-b Nc°p h¬°-c-W-am-Wv. F√m-‰n-s\bpw Nc-°p-h¿°-cn-°p-I-sb∂ apX-em-fn-Ø-Øns‚ e£yw Ct∏mgpw ]q¿W hnP-b-Øn-seØn-bn-´n-√. Bip-]{- Xn-Ifpw k¿h-Ie - m-im-eI - f - p-aS- °w F√m‰n-s\bpw em`-ap-≠m-°m-\p≈ am¿K-ß-fmbn kzoI-cn-°p∂ apX-em-fnØ {]{Inbsb GXp \ne°pw sNdp-°Ww. Npcp-°Ø - n¬, \ne-\n¬°p∂ temI-hy-hÿ hyXy-kvXa- mb as‰m∂n-te-°p≈ ]cn-h¿Ø\ Zi-bn-em-sW∂v ta¬∏-d™ CS-Xp-]£ hn`mKw A¿Y-i-¶-°n-S-bn-√msX hy‡-am-°p-∂p.-B-tKm-f-h¬°c-W-Øns‚ hmNm-tSm-]-ß-fnepw "C\n _Z-ep-I-fn√' F∂ apXem-fnØ kn≤m-¥-Ønepw \mw sN∂p hog-cp-sX∂v Ch-cpsS \ne]m-Sp-I-fpw Hm¿an-∏n-°p-∂p. _Z-ep-I-fp-s≠∂p am{X-a-√, C∂sØ hyhÿ Hcp \ne°pw kzoIm-cy-amb _Z-es - √∂pw \mw Xncn-®d- n-bW - w. `mhn hyhÿ Icp-∏n-Sn-∏n-°m-\p≈ t]mcm´w F{XImew thW-sa-¶nepw \ot≠-°mw. t]mcm-´-Øns‚ ^e-sa-¥m-hpsa∂v Ct∏mƒ {]h-Nn-°¬ Akm-[y-am-Wv. AXp-sIm≠v Xs∂ {Inbm-fl-I-amb CS-s]-S¬ G{Xbpw {]k-‡-am-Wv. \n¿Wm-bI k‘n-I-fn¬ hyh-k-Y-s°-Xn-cmb sNdnb {]l-c-߃°p-t]mepw henb {]Xym-Lm-X-ap-≠m-°m≥ Ign-bpw. Cu {]{Inb-bn¬ kwLS-\I - ƒ°v henb {]m[m-\y-ap-s≠-¶nepw Imcy-߃ k]vjvSa- m-°pI F∂-XmWv apJy-{]-iv-\w˛ Ch-bmWv Nne CS-Xp-]£ hn`m-K-߃ s]mXp-hn¬ ssIs°m-≈p∂ \ne-]m-Sv.

temIsØ hnhn[ CS-Xp-]£ hn`m-K-ß-fn¬ \n∂p-Xs∂ Db¿∂p-hc - p∂ Cu \ne-]m-Sp-If - p-sS-s]m-Xp-hmb ]ptcm-Ka- \-]-cX AwKo-I-cn-°p-tºmƒX-s∂, kq£vamw-i-ß-fn¬ hna¿i-\m-flI - a- mbn am{Xta Ahsb kzoI-cn-°m≥ Ignbq F∂pw Nq≠n-°m-´s - ∏-´n-´p-≠v. Imcy-߃ k]vjvSa- m-°e - mWv ]c-a{- ]-[m\w F∂p ]d-bp-tºmgpw {][m-\s - ∏´ Nne hnj-bß-sf-¶nepw Ahy-‡X - \ - n-d™ X - mWv ta¬∏-d™ \ne-]mSpI-sf-∂¿Yw. Cu]m-fn-®I - ƒ Nq≠n-°m-´n-s°m-≠p≈ \ne-]mPEOPLE AGAINST GLOBALISATION

BtKm- f - h ¬°- c - W - Ø n- s \- X nsc P\- ß ƒ


_Z¬ tkmjy-en-k-am-Wv, F¥p-sIm≠v?

Sp-Ifpw CS-Xp-]£w Xs∂ ssIsIm-≈p-∂p-≠v. 1)

{Km-a-ß-fn-√m-Xm-hp-∂-tXmsS sXmgn-em-fn-I-fpsS Iqenbpw Pohn-X-\n-e-hmc-hpw h¿≤n-°p-∂p-sh-∂X - n-tesd F√m-°m-ehpw sXmgn-en-√m-∏S- b - mbn Igntb-≠-h-cpsS FÆw At\-I-tIm-Sn-I-fmbn Db-cp-I-bm-Wv. Cu h≥P-\m-hen˛"-˛-`q-an-bnse i]n-°-s∏-´-h¿''-˛-tem-I-sØm-cn-SØpw apX-em-fn-Ø-Øns‚ em`sØ ]ngn-bp-∂-h-c-√, apX-em-fn-Ø-Øn-\p-Io-gnse k©n-X-aq-e-[\w am¿Ivkv Nq≠n°m-´n-b-t]mse, F√m-°m-ehpw \bn-°pI D≈-h\pw C√mØ-h\pw XΩnse hn`-P-\-Øn-te-°m-Wv. apX-em-fn-Ø-Øns‚ Cu aqe-[\-k-©-b-Xz-Øns‚ {]tbm-K-`qan C∂v `qtKm-f-am-sI-bmWv. 2). hnπ-h-X-{¥-߃ Imtem-Nn-X-ambn amtd-≠h Xs∂-sb-¶n-epw, 1848 ¬ XpSßn kmaq-ly-am-‰-Øn-\p-th≠n \S∂ DZya-ß-fmsI ]cm-P-b-am-bn-cp∂p-sh∂ hne-bn-cp-Ø-enepw ]ni-Ip-≠v. ]mcokv Iayq-Wm-bmepw HIvtSm_¿ hnπ-h-am-bm-epw Ch-sbm∂pw ]q¿W-ambpw \ap°p ]n∂n-te°v ad™p-I-gn™ kwK-Xn-I-f-√. Ahbpw XpS¿∂p≈ \nc-h[n CS-Xp-]£ ]co-£-W-ß-fp-sa√mw Ncn-{X-]-c-amb XpS¿® ]pe¿Øp-∂-h-bmWv F∂ hne-bn-cp-Ø-emWv imkv{Xo-bw. 3). AXmXv `c-W-Iq-S-ßsf tI{μo-I-cn-®p-X-s∂-bm-hWw apX-em-fn-Ø-Øn-s\Xn-cmb t]mcm-´w. ImcWw AXmXv tZiob `c-W-Iq-S-ßsf B{i-bn-®pX-s∂-bmWv apX-em-fnØ BtKm-f-h¬°-cWw apt∂-dp-∂-Xv. am{X-hp-a-√, apX-em-fn-Ø-Øn\p Iognse temI-`-c-W-Iq-S-sa-s∂m∂v \ne-hn-√. 4). temI-sa-ºm-Sp-ap≈ kmaqly {]kvYm-\-ß-fpsS tbmPn∏v th≠-Xp-X-s∂bm- W v. F∂m¬, apX- e m- f nØhn- c p- ≤ - t ]m- c m- ´ - Ø n¬ h¿K- { ]- ÿ m- \ ߃°p≈ apJy-]¶v as‰m-∂p-sIm≠pw am‰n-sh-°-s∏-´p-Iq-Sm. 5). GXv Zo¿L-Ime hnπ-h-Øn-s‚bpw Ahn-`m-P y-`m-K-amWv sXc-s™-Sp∏v t]mcm-´w.-A-Xns\ shdpw {]Xn-tcm-[-X{¥w am{X-ambn I≠p-Iq-Sm. 6). GsXmcp t]mcm-´-Ønepw \n¿Wm-b-I-`mKw Xs∂-bmWv hwio-b-X-s°Xn-cmb t]mcm-´w. BtKm-f-ambn AXns‚ thcp-Iƒ InS-°p-∂Xv apX-emfn-Ø-Øn¬ Xs∂-bm-sW∂v a\-kn-em-°n-bm-hWw hwio-b-Xm-hn-cp≤ t]mcm-´-߃. 7) P\m-[n-]-Xy-h¬I-cW {]{Inb `wK-an-√msX apt∂m-´p-sIm≠p t]mIp-IXs∂ thWw. F∂m¬, temI-sØ-hn-sSbpw P\m-[n-]-Xy-h¬I-cW {]{Inb-°p-ap-∂n-ep≈ G‰hpw henb i{Xp Ata-cn-°≥ km{am-P y-Xz-amsW-∂Xv kwi-b-te-i-an-√msX hyI-X-am-°-s∏-S-Ww. 8). Nc-°p-h¬°-cW - Ø - n-s\-Xn-cmb t]mcm´w apX-em-fn-ØvØn-s\-Xn-sc-bp≈ _rlØmb ka-cØns‚ `mK-ambn IW-°m-°-Ww. \n¿Wm-b-I-amb Hcp ]cn-h¿Ø-\-Øns‚ L´-Øn¬Ø-s∂-bmWv temIw F∂m¬,GXv Zni-bn-te-°mWv Cu ]cn-Wm-a-sa-∂-XmWv {][m-\w. apX-em-fnØw AXns‚ A{I-tam-¬-kp-I-X-bmsI Hcp-an®v ]pd-sØ-Sp-Øp-sIm-≠n-cns° Cu am‰w \ntj-[m-fl-I-amb H∂m-hm-\mWv km[y-X. Ncn-{X-Øn-em-Zy-am-bn, tkmjy-enk-Øn-\p-th-≠n-bp-≈ t]mcm´w a\p-jy-Po-hn-X-Øn-\p-th-≠n-Ø-s∂-bp≈ t]mcm´-ambn amdp-I-bm-Wv. tkmjy-enkw Hcp \ne°pw Cs∂mcp Dt´m-]y≥ kz]v\-a-√˛-am-\-hn-I-X-sbbpw `qan-sbbpw kwc-£n-°m-\p≈ A\n-hm-cy-X-bm-W-Xv. ]ptcmK-a\ - ] - c - s - a∂v Icp-Xs - ∏-Sp∂ \ne-]m-Sp-Is - f-t∏mepw I¿°-ia- mb ]cn-tim-[\ - bv°v hnt[-b-am-°p-∂-Xns‚ {]k-‡nbpw AXm-Wv.

GsXmcp t]mcm´-Ønepw \n¿Wmb-I-`mKw Xs∂bmWv hwio-b-Xs°-Xn-cmb t]mcm-´w. BtKmf-ambn AXns‚ thcp- I ƒ InS°p-∂Xv apX-emfn-Ø-Øn¬ Xs∂-bm-sW∂v a\-kn-em-°n-bmhWw hwio-bX - mhn-cp≤ t]mcm-´ßƒ.

I-S-∏mSv : a¥ven dnhyq-, P\p.2002

PEOPLE AGAINST GLOBALISATION

BtKm- f - h ¬°- c - W - Ø n- s \- X nsc P\- ß ƒ

41


_Z¬ tkmjy-en-k-am-Wv, F¥p-sIm≠v?

]n.F - .P - n. {]Xn-Ic - n-°p∂p X - o¿®-bmbpw

? "km£- c - X bpw P\- I obm-kq-{X-Whpw Hs° kmaqly hnπh- Ø n\v XS- k - a p- ≠ m°p∂p' F∂ hmZsØ∏-‰n-bp≈ A`n{]m- b w F¥mWv ? . kpan-{Xm cmPo-h≥, tIm´bw

hntbm-Pn-°p-∂p F∂m¬ Itºmfh¬°-c-W-Øn\v asÆm-cp-°p∂ AP-≠-bmWv km£-c-X-bp-tSXpw, P\-Io-bm-kq-{X-WØn-s‚Xpw F¶n¬ AXv kmaq-ly-hn-π-hsØ XS- -s∏-Sp-Øp-sa∂ ImcyØn¬ kwi-b-an-√. t]mcm-´-ßsf i‡n-s∏-Sp-Øp-tºmƒ A[n-Imc hntI{μo-I-cWw hnπ-h-I-c-amb ZuXy-am-bn-cn°pw! F∂m¬ kakvX kmaqlnI DØ-c-hm-Zn-Xz-ß-fn¬ \n∂pw k¿°m-cn\v ]n≥am-dm-\p≈ aps∂mcp-°hpw ]co-£-W-hp-ambn AXv Gs‰-Sp-°p-tºmƒ {]Xn-tem-a-]-camWvXm\pw. kmaq-ly-]-cn-jvI-c-W- {]-h¿Ø-\-߃ AXns‚ kmaqly e£y-ßfpw Xm¬]-cy-ßf - pw ]cn-tim-[n-®p-sImt≠ hnπ-hI - c - amtWm F∂v Xocp-am-\n-°m-\m-hq. kaq-lsØ AXns‚ ^yqU¬ ]mc-ºc - y-ßf - n¬ \n∂v tamNn-∏n®v sXmgnemfn h¿§t\Xr-Xz-ap≈ Hcp `c-W-hy-h-ÿ-bn-te°v B\-bn-°p-hm≥ `q]-cnjvI-c-Whpw A[n-Im-c-hn-tI-{μo-I-c-Whpw F√m-a-S-ßnb Hcp "]cn-jvI-cW-A-P-≠-'bpsS km[y-X-Iƒ ]c-amh[n D]-tbm-Kn-t°-≠n-h-cpw. P\-Iobm-kq-{X-W-{]-h¿Ø-\w D]tbmKn®v \ne-hn-ep≈ _q¿jzm A[n-Im-c-LS-\sb tNmZyw sNøm\pw tI{μo-IrX Bkq-{X-W-Ønse h¿§-Xm¬]-cy߃ P\-ka- £w hnNm-cW - s - N-øm\pw D≈ Bbp-[a- mbn D]-tbm-Kn-°m≥ AXv Gs‰-SpØ h¿§-cm-jv{So-b{- ]-ÿm-\ß - ƒ°v Npa-Xe - b - p-≠m-bn-cp-∂p... ]cn-jvI-cW ]cn-]m-Sn-Isf t]mcm-´-am°n am‰m≥ _m≤y-X-bp≈ {]ÿm\-߃°v AXn\v Ign-bmsX h∂n´p-s≠-¶n¬ AXns‚ Imc-W-߃ ]cn-tim-[n-t°-≠XmWv. P\m-[n-]X - y-]c - n-jvIc - W - ß - ƒ t]mcm-´ß - ƒ°p≈ C‘-\-ambn am‰n Xo¿°p∂ cmjv{Sob {]ÿm-\-ßtfm ASn-ÿm-\-]-camb kmº-ØnI, kmaq-lnI ]cn-h¿Ø-\-Øn\v hgn-sbm-cp-°p∂Xn\v tijn-bp≈ `c-W-Iq-Stam C√msX hcp-tºmƒ aqe-[\ A[n-\n-th-ihpw Acm-jv{Sob Z¿i-\-ß-fpw AhnsS Ib-dn-hcpw . ]utem-{^b-dns‚ "a¿±nX-cpsS t_m[-\-im-kv{Xw' F∂ hnJymX ]pkvX-Iw-t]mepw {]Xn-tema ZuXy-amWv \n¿h-ln-°p-∂Xv F∂v hsc hna¿in-°p∂hcpw \memw temIamWv hntam-N-\-am¿§-sa∂v {]N-cn-∏n-°p-∂-hcpw Cu iq\y-X-bn-te-°mWv IS∂p Ib-dp∂Xv. Nne¿ Xo{h-km-{am-P yXz hncp≤ apJ-am-Wv AWn-bp∂Xv. a‰v-Nn-e¿ km{am-P yXz AP-≠-bpsS P\-Iob ]cn-th-j-a-Wn-bp-∂p.. -c≠pw Ae-b-Sn-®p-I-bdp-∂ aqe-[-\sØ XSp-Øp-\n¿Øp-I-b-√, AXn\v hgn-sbm-cp-°p-I-bmWv sNøpI!

""C¥y≥ kaq-lØ - n-te°v IS-∂p-hc- m\pw AXns‚ hnIm-kK - X - nsb kzm[o-\n-°p-hm-\p-ap≈ Xß-fpsS X{¥-]c- a- mb cq]-Iev]\ - ° - mbn k∂≤ kwL-S\ - I - f- p-sSbpw/{]h¿Ø\ {Kq∏p-If- p-sSbpw i‡n-Isf kam-lc- n-°m-\p≈ ]cn-jI v r-Xhpw hym]-Ihp-am-sbmcp ]≤Xn km{am-PyXz tI{μ-ßf- n¬ cq]w sIm≠n-´p-≠.v Xß-epsS A°m-Za- nIv kma-{Kn-If- n-eqsS km{am-PyXz `cW hrØ-ßf - mWv C¥y-bn¬ Ct∏mƒ s]cp-In-sIm-≠n-cn-°p∂ Cu {Kq∏p-If - n¬ KWy-am-sbmcp hn`m-KØ - ns‚ ho£-WØ - n\v cmjv{So-bhpw {]Xy-bi - m-k{v X-]c- h - p-amb ASn-Ød- s- bm-cp-°n-s°m-Sp-°p-∂X - .v Cu {Kq∏p-Iƒ°v DZm-ch - p-amb [\-kl - mbw \¬Ip∂Xp -hgn C¥y≥ kaq-l-Øns‚ kp{]-[m\ taJ-e-I-fn-te°v ISp-∂p-I-b-dm\pw AtX-k-abw CS-Xp-]£ {]ÿm-\sØ FXn¿°m\pw XI¿°m-\p-ap≈ hml-\a- mbn Ahsb D]-tbm-Kn-°m-\p-ap≈ hgn-Iƒ km{am-PyXzw krjvSn-®n-cn-°p-∂p. km{amPy-Xz-Øns‚ D]-Ic- W - ß - f- nepw km{am-PyXz X{¥-ße - nepw {i≤ tI{μo-Ic- n-°p-tºmƒ kn.-].n.sF(Fw) Dw CS-Xp-]£ i‡nIfpw km{am-PyXz A[n-\n-th-iØ - ns‚ Cu ssI Kuc-ha- mbn ]cn-KW - n-°p-∂p-≠.v BZ¿i-hm-ZØ - m¬ {]tNm-Zn-Xc- m-Ip∂ bphm°sf BI¿jn-°m≥ sI¬]p-≈X - p-sIm≠v Cu {Kq∏p-Iƒ {]N-cn-∏n-°p∂ XXz-im-k{v XsØ ASn®p XpcØm\p≈ Hcp {]Xyb-imkv{X IS-∂m-{I-aWw ASn-b¥ - c- a- mbn Bh-iy-am-bn-cn-°p-∂p'' ˛- {]-Imiv Imcm´v 42

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_Z¬ tkmjy-en-k-am-Wv, F¥p-sIm≠v?

? hntZ-i-k-lmbw kzoI-cn-®p-sIm≠v Xs∂ BtKm-f-h¬ °-c-W-hn-cp-≤-t]m-cm´w \S- Ø m- s a∂ A`n- { ]mb- t ØmSv tbmPn- ° p∂pt≠m? jn_p, Xncp-h-\-¥-]pcw PEOPLE AGAINST GLOBALISATION

BtKm- f - h ¬°- c - W - Ø n- s \- X nsc P\- ß ƒ

hnI-k\ - Ø - n\v hntZiaqe-[\w A\n-hm-cy-am-sW-∂ -[m-c-W- Xs∂ BtKm-f-aq-e-[\ta[m-hn-I-fpsS {]N-c-W-am-Wv. Nc-Sp-I-fn-√msX hntZ-iaq-e[ - \w kzoI-cn-°m-sa∂ \ne-]mSv \√-Xm-sW-¶nepw Nc-Sp-If - n-√mØ IpØI-aq-e-[\w C∂n-√! 1980- Iƒ hsc Zcn-{Z-cm-jv{S-߃°v sFIy-cm-jv{S-k-`h-gnbpw a‰pw [\k-lm-b-߃ \¬In-bn-cp∂p. Ct∏mƒ sFIy-cm-jv{S-k`-t]mepw km{am-P y-Xz-Øns‚ A[n-\n-th-i -D-]-I-c-W-am-bn-cn-°p-I-bm-W-v. Ah-cpsS ^≠p-Ifpw Itºm-fh - ¬°-cW ZuXy-߃ \n¿h-ln-°s - ∏-Sp-sa∂v Dd-∏p-h-cp-Øp-∂ hn[-Øn¬ ]cn-jvI-cn-°-s∏-´n-´p-≠v. ADB/IMF XpS-ßnb temWpIƒ°-p≈ Nc-Sp-Iƒ BWv cmP yØv \S-∏m-°p∂ BtKm-f-h¬°cW \b-߃. C¥ymKh¨sa‚ ns‚ kmº-ØnI \b-߃ IpØ-I-aq-e[-\Ø - n\pw Itºm-fØ - n\pw P\-ßsf Fdn-™p-sIm-Sp-°p∂Xmb-Xn-\m¬, AXns\ FXn¿°msX BtKm-fh - ¬°-cW - h - n-cp≤ kacw apt∂m´v t]mIpsa∂v tXm∂p-∂n-√. IpØI aqe-[\w ssN\okv `c-W-IqSw kzoIcn-°p-∂p-≠v. AhnsS NcSp-Iƒ ssN\okv `c-W-Iq-S-Øns‚ ssII-fn-emWv F∂p-am{Xw! tZiob Xm¬]-cy-߃ kwc£n-®p-sIm-≠p≈ aqe-[-\-hn-\ym-k-amWv Ah¿ sNøp∂-Xv. P\-ß-fpsS \nb-{¥-W-Øn-ep≈ Hcp `c-WIqSØn-\v, km{am-P yXz aqe-[-\-Øns‚ A[n-\n-thi e£y-ßsft∏mepw hnI-k-\-e-£y-ambn ]cnh¿Ø-\-s∏-SpØmw F∂mWv CXns‚ A¿∞w. C¥y≥ Zcn{ZP\-X-bpsS Xm¬]-cy-߃ kwc-£n-°m≥ tijn-bp≈ Hcp P\-Iob `c-W-IqSw cmP yw `cn-°p-tºmƒ, hntZ-i-aq-e-[\w kzoI-cn-°p-∂Xn-t\mSv hntbm-Pn-t°-≠X - n-s√∂v ]d-bp-∂X - ns‚ s]mcp-fn-XmWv. Aßs\ Hc-hÿ Ct∏m-gn-√m-Ø-Xp-sIm≠v, Nc-Sp-I-fp-ambn hcp∂ IpØ-I-aq-e-[\sØ, P\-ßsf AWn-\n-cØn FXn¿°p-I-bmWv t]mc-Sn-°p∂ kwLS-\-I-fpsS apºnse AP≠. Hcp cmjv{Sw km{am-P yXz aqe-[\w kzoI-cn°p-tºmƒ AXn-s\-Xnsc t]mcm-Sp-hm\pw {]Xn-tcm-[n-°p-hm\pw AhnSpsØ P\-߃°v Ignbpw..-AXv aS°n \¬In-s√-∂p-t]mepw P\-߃°v Xocp-am-\n-°mw...C¥y≥ kml-N-cy-Øn¬ ]cn-anX kmº-ØnI A[n-Im-c-߃ am{X-ap≈ kwÿm\ Kh¨sa‚p-Iƒ°v tI{μ-`-cW hyh-ÿ-bpsS kΩ¿±-ßfpw \b-ßfpw \S-∏m-t°-≠n-h-cpw. hnI-k-\m-h-iy-߃°v Nc-Sp-I-fp≈ tem¨ kzoI-cn-°p-tºmƒ `cWw Hcp t]mcm-´-ambn ImWp∂ CS-Xp-]-£-Øn\v tem¨hyh-ÿ-s°-Xn-cmbn P\-Iob kacw kwL-Sn-∏n-°m≥ Ign-bWw. Pe-\n[n ]≤-Xn-tb-s‰-Sp-t°-≠n-h-cp∂ ]©m-bØv `c-W-Iq-S-߃°v PeNq-j-W-Øns‚ ]gp-Xp-Iƒ AS-°m-\p≈ P\-Iob {]Xn-tcm[w Db¿Øns°m-≠p-hc - m\pw _m≤y-Xb - p-≠v. Nc-Sp-Iƒ apdn®p Igbm≥ P\-Iob kac-ßtf hgn-bp-≈q. h¿≤n® em`w sImøm≥ IS-∂p-h-cp∂ IpØ-I-aq-e-[\w; sF.-Fw.-F-^v., thƒUv _m¶v XpS-ßnb GP≥kn-I-fpsS Nc-Sp-I-fp≈ hntZ-i-I-S-߃; Kth-jW {]h¿Ø-\-߃°pw a‰p-ap≈ hntZi klm-b-߃; k∂≤ kwL-S-\-Iƒ hmßp∂ ^≠v XpS-ßn-b-h-sb√mw hyXykvX am\-ßfpw hyXymkvX ZuXy-ß-fp-am-Wv \n¿Δ-ln-°-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv. CXv th¿Xn-cn-®p-ImWmsX ImS-S® - p-sIm-≠p≈ hna¿i\w XnI™ Akw-_‘ - a- m-Wv. "CXn¬ GXv kzoI-cn°mw GXv kzoIm-cy-a√' F∂ Hcp I¿i\ \ne-]msSSp-°p-IbmWv th≠-Xv. H∂pw kzoIm-cy-a-s√∂v ]dbp-∂Xv tIƒ°m≥ kpJap≈ Imcy-am-sW-¶nepw {]mtbm-Kn-Ia- √ - . F√mw hcs´ F∂ \ne-]mSv 1991¬ Bcw-`n® BtKm-f-h¬°-cW \b-ß-fpsS XpS¿®-bm-Wv. AXv kakvX kzmX-{¥yhpw Ih¿s∂-Sp-°p-∂ sImtfm-Wn-b¬ ASn-a-Ø-amWv £Wn®p-hc - p-Øp-∂X - v. 43


_Z¬ tkmjy-en-k-am-Wv, F¥p-sIm≠v?

]n.-F.-Pn. {]Xn-Ic - n-°p∂p.......... ]cn-j-Øn\v

? ""k¿°mcpw AXns‚ ÿm]\-ßfpw \¬Ip∂ ]Ww Ah¿s°hn-Sp∂v In´n-b-XmsW-∂-dn-™-Xn\v tijsa kzoI-cn-°mhq F∂ hmin ]cn-j-Øn-\n-√. Aßs\ hmin-]n-Sn-®m¬ iº-fhpw s]≥j- \ p- s am∂pw hmßm≥ IgnbmØ Ah-ÿ-hcpw! ImcWw Ah an°- h mdpw F.Un.- _ n.- b p- s Stbm a‰v hntZ- i - h mbv ] - b p- s Stbm `mK- a mWv AXpt]mse \ΩpsS ]e tdmUpIfpw \ap°v \S- ° m≥ ]‰mXm-hpw. ImcWw AXnepw ImWpw hntZi _‘w'' Cu A`n-{]m-bsØ Fßs\ hne- b n- c p- Ø p- ∂ p? cma-Ir-jvW≥, Xe-t»cn

tIcf kaq-l-Øn¬ CS-s]-Sm\pw {]h¿Øn°m\pw Ah-Im-i-ap-s≠∂pw AXn\p≈ tbmKy-XI-fp-s≠-∂pw R߃ a\- n-em-°p-∂p. ""imkv{Xw kmaq-ly-hn-π-h-Øn\v'' F∂ {Inbm-flI - - ap{ZmhmIy-Øn¬ Dd-®p-\n-∂p-sIm≠v \S-Øp∂ AhcpsS GXp {]h¿Ø-\-sØbpw klm-bn-°p-Ibpw BZ-cn-°p-Ibpw sNø-W-sa∂ ImgvN-]m-SmWv R߃°p-≈-Xv. F∂m¬ tNmZy-I¿Øm-hv D≤-cn-°p∂ ]cn-jØns‚ A`n-{]mbw XnI®pw _men-i-am-Wv. bmYm¿∞y-hp-ambn bmsXmcp _‘-hp-an-√mØ D]-cn-π-h-amb A`n-{]m-b-am-W-Xv. sXmgn-em-fn-Iƒ Ah-cpsS A[zm-\t- ijn "hn‰p-'sIm-≠mWv Iqenhm-ßp-∂-Xv. A[zm\w hn¬°m-t\m, hn¬°m-Xn-cn-°mt\m D≈ ]c-am-[n-Imcw sXmgn-em-fn-°m-Wv.-AXv Hcp \n›n-X-hn-e°v hn¬°p-tºmƒ "IS-∏m-Sp-Iƒ' H∂pw A\p-_‘ - a- mbn Iq´n-t®¿°s∏-Sp-∂p-an√. Iqenbpw iº-fhpsa√mw hntZ-in-I-fpsS kuP-\yam-sW∂v ]d-bp-∂Xv Akw-_-‘-am-W.v \ap°v Iqen-X-cm-\pw, \ΩpsS tkh-\X - pd-Iƒ hnI-kn-∏n-°m-\p-am-bmWv hntZ-ia- q-e[ - \w IS-∂p-hc - p-∂s - X∂ hmZhpw A¿∞-iq-\y-am-Wv. aqe-[\w h¿≤n® em`w sImbvXpIq-´m\mWv hcp-∂-Xv. \ne-hn-ep≈ \ΩpsS tdmUnepw Bip-]-{Xn-bnepw Ipd®v ]Ww sIm≠n´v IqSp-X¬ ]W-am°n Xncn-®p-sIm-≠p-t]m-IpI F∂ "efn-X-amb' {]{InbbneqsS Chn-sS-bp≈ P\-ß-fpsS A[zm-\-Øns‚ hnlnXw Xs∂-bmWv Ah¿ ASn-s®-Sp-°p-∂-Xv. tem¨ K-Up-°fpw ]eni-bpw k¿Δokv Nm¿÷p-If - psam-s°-bmbn, P\-ßf - psS A≤zm\-aq-eyhpw an®-aq-eyhpw hntZ-i-aq-e-[\ k©-b-Øn-te°v HgpIn t]mIp-I-bmWv bYm¿∞-Øn¬ kw`-hn-°p-∂-Xv. IS-∂p-h-cp∂ hntZi aqe-[\w t]mepw \ΩpsS A[zm-\-ti-jn-sIm-≠-√msX D¬]m-Z\ - £ - a- a- m-hp-Ib - n-s√∂v IqSn Adn-bW - w. \ap°v e`n-°p∂ thX-\tam s]≥jt\m \¬Im≥ th≠n hntZ-iØv \n∂pw ISw hmßp∂p F∂hmZw \ΩpsS an®-aqeyw Ih¿s∂-Sp-°p-∂-Xn-s\Xnsc Db-cp∂ t]mcm-´-߃ \nkvtN-X-\-am-°p-hm-\p-≈-XmWv. A[zm\w kº-Øm-sW∂pw ˛ Cu kºØv A[zm-\w-sIm≠v ho≠pw hnI-kn-°p-sa∂pw At∏mgpw AXn\v ta¬ A[zm-\n-®h-¿°v Ah-Imiw \ne-\n¬°p-∂p-sh∂pw a\-kn-em-°p-∂-sXmsSm∏w aqe-[-\-Øns‚ IpØ-Im-h-Imiw P\-߃°p-≈-XmsW∂pw Adn-tb-≠-Xp-≠v.

ASp-Øe - °w P\m- [ n- ] - X y- Ø ns‚ A¿∞hpw AXn- c p- I - f pw.... tUm. Sn.-sI. cma-N-{μ≥ Ah-X-cn-∏n-°p∂ N¿®m {]_-‘w.

P\m- [ n- ] Xy tI{μo- I - c - W - Ø n\v _Z- e pt≠m,Hc- t \zjWw ssN\- b p- s SXv tkmjy- e nÃv ]co- £ - W tam k. sI.-C.-F≥ Ah-X-cn-∏n®

"-"Hcp Xp-d∂ XXz-Nn-¥b - psS ip`m-]vXn-hn-izmkw'' F∂ N¿®-bn¬ cmjv{Sob kmwkvIm-cnI cwKsØ {]ap-J-cpsS {]Xn-I-c-W-߃. 44

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_Z¬ tkmjy-en-k-am-Wv, F¥p-sIm≠v?

Hcp Xpd∂ XXz-Nn-¥-bpsS ip`m]vXn hnizm-kw. sI.-C.-F≥.

sFIy-ap-∂-Wn-bpsS XXzw C¥y-bn¬ kao-]-Im-eØv cq]-sIm≠ "AXn-Xo-{h-hmZ' kwL-ßfpsS inem-ÿm-]-\-I¿Ωw \n¿Δ-ln-®Xv BtKm-fa- q-e[ - \ - Ø - n\v C¥y-bn-te°v Imhn-]c- h - X - m\n hncn® kwL-]c- n-hm¿ ^mkn-Ãp-Iƒ Xs∂-bm-Wv. AXpsIm≠v Xs∂ "BtKm-fa- q-e[ - \w' F∂v Aaq¿Ø-ambn Bh¿Øn-®X - p-sIm-≠p-am{Xw Imcy-an-√. C¥y≥ ]›mØ-eØ - n¬ "aqe-[\ - `- o-Ic- X' kz¥w AkvXnXzw i‡ns∏-Sp-Øp-∂Xv kwL-]c- n-hm¿ \S-∏m-°p∂ kmº-ØnI ˛ kmwkvIm-cnI \b-ß-fn-eq-sS-bm-Wv. C¥y≥ ^mknkw Hcp apdn-bnepw BtKm-fa- q-e[ - \w thsdmcp apdn-bn-ep-am-sW∂v tXm∂n-∏n°pw hn[-ap≈ hni-Ie - \-߃ C¥y≥ Ah-ÿ-tbm-Sp≈ sh√p-hn-fn-bm-Wv. \yqtbm¿°v ˛ sS¬-A-hohv ˛ U¬ln A®p-X≠v km¿Δ-tZ-io-ba- mbn Xs∂ Xncn-®d- n-bs- ∏´ ]›m-Øe - Øn¬ Hcp kwL-]c- n-hmcclnX atX-Xc C¥ybv°v th≠n-bp≈ cmjv{Sob kmwkvIm-cnI {]t£m-`a- mWv A\n-hm-cy-ambpw C∂v Bh-iy-am-bn-´p-≈X - v. sFIy-ap-∂-Wn-bpsS XXzw s]mXp-{]-iv\-ß-fn¬ \n∂v i‡n kw`-cn-°e - m-Wv. kakvX A`n-{]mb hyXym-kßfpw Ah-km-\n-°p-tºmƒ "ap∂Wn' A{]-k‡ - a- mhpw. ^mkn-kØ - n-s\-Xn-cmb sFIy-ap-∂Wn F∂v IΩyqWnÃv C‚¿\m-j-W-ens‚ D÷z-e-amb ImgvN-∏mSv hyXykvX Xe-ß-fn¬ \n∂v hna¿in-°-s∏-´-t∏mƒ "sFIy-ap-∂W - n-bpsS FXn-cm-fn-If- psS apJy-hm-Zß - ƒ' Hmtcm-∂mbn A]-{K-Yn®v... F¥p-sIm≠v ap∂Wn A\nhm-cy-am-sW∂v IΩyq-WnÃv C‚¿\m-jW - n-ens‚ Ggmw tIm¨{K- n¬ P\-d¬ sk{I-´dn Znan-t{Xmhv; Ah-Xcn-∏n® A`n-{]m-b-߃ C∂sØ ]›m-Ø-e-Øns‚ khn-ti-jX - I - ƒ a\- n¬ kq£n-®p-sIm≠p hmbn-°ptºmƒ, C∂pw Bth-iI - c- a- m-Wv. Hcp DZm-lc- Ww am{Xw ImWpI: " tkmjy¬ sUtam-{I-kn, P\m-[n-]X - y-Øn\v th≠n \ne-sIm-≈p-∂p. IΩyq-Wn-Ãp-Im¿ tkz—m-[n-]Xy-Øn\v th≠n \ne-sIm-≈p-∂p. AXn-\m¬ R߃ IΩyq-Wn-Ãp-Im-cp-ambn sFIy-ap-∂-Wn-bp-≠m-°m≥ km[y-a√'' F∂v Nne tkmjy¬ sUtam-{Im‰v t\Xm°ƒ ]d-bp-∂p. F∂m¬ sXmgn-emfn h¿§-k¿Δm-[n]Xyw {]Jym-]n-°p-∂X - n-\p≈ sFIy-ap-∂W - n-bmtWm Rß-fn-t∏mƒ \n߃°v hmKvZm\w sNøp-∂-Xv? X¬°m-et- Ø°v R߃ Aßs\-sbmcp \n¿t±iw sh°p-∂n-√.'' F∂m¬ "sFIy-ap-∂Wn' kao-]\ - sØ auen-I-\n-e-]m-Sp-I-fn¬ \n∂p≈ hyXn-N-e-\hpw t_mƒsj-hn-jØ - ns‚ EPp-tc-Jb - n¬ \n∂v he-tØms´mcp Nmbvhpambn I≠-hsc "_p≤n-a-μ≥am¿' F∂mWv Znan-t{Xmhv hnti-jn-∏n-®X - v. F∂n´v At±lw C{X-IqSn ]d™p " Fs‚ cmPy-amb _ƒtK-dn-bb - n¬ PEOPLE AGAINST GLOBALISATION

BtKm- f - h ¬°- c - W - Ø n- s \- X nsc P\- ß ƒ

Hcp sNm√p-≠v. hni-∂n-cn-°p∂ tImgn°p™v Ft∏mgpw Nma kz]v\w ImWp-w. Cu cmjv{Sob tImgnIp-™p-ßfpw Aßs\ hnNm-cn-t®m-s´..... amdp∂ ]cnXx-ÿn-Xn°pw sXmgn-emfnh¿§ {]ÿm-\Ø - n¬ hcp∂ am‰-߃°p-a\ - p-kc- n®v \mw \ΩpsS \b-ßfpw AS-hpIfpw ]p\x-]-cn-tim-[n-°p-∂n-s√-¶n¬, \mw hnπ-ham¿Ivkn-Ãp-It- fm, se\n-\n-Ãp-It- fm.. Bbn-cn-°p-Ib - n√. \ΩpsS kz¥w A\p-`h - Ø - n¬ \nt∂m _lp-P\ - ß-fpsS A\p-`h - Ø - n¬ \nt∂m \mw ]Tn-°p-∂n-s√-¶n¬ \mw bYm¿∞ hnπ-hI - m-cn-If- m-hp-Ib - n-√.... amdn-s°m-≠ncn-°p∂ ]cn-Xx- ÿn-Xn-bn¬ IΩyq-Wn-Ãp-Im-cpsS \ne]mSv Ft∏mgpw H∂p-Xs- ∂-bm-bn-cn-°m≥ km≤y-Xb - n√'' (^m-kn-kØ - n-s\-Xn-cmb sFIy-ap-∂Wn ˛ Znan-t{Xm-hv) ZfnXv "a¿±nX PmXn-Iƒ' Cc-Iƒ XpS-ßnb ]Z-{]-tbm-Kß - tfmSv tIh-ea- mb Ak-ln-jvWpX ]pe¿Øp-∂h - c- pw, AXn¬ Akz-ÿc- m-Ip-∂h - cpw am¿IvknÃv ˛ se\n\nÃv ssk≤m-¥nI At\z-jW - ß - f- n¬ \n∂pw AI∂p Pohn°p-∂h - c- m-Wv. Ah-cn¬ Nne-sc-¶n-ep-an-t∏mƒ {]—-∂k - h¿Æ {]Xyb-im-kv{X-Øns‚ Dd™p Xp≈p∂ tImac-ß-fm-Wv. ZfnXv kaw ambm-h-Xn, Im≥jndmw F∂ kahmIyw ZfnXv {]iv\ß - sf AXns‚ kqjvaX - b - nepw ka-{K-X-bnepw kwt_m[\ sNøp-∂-Xn¬ \n∂pw Hgn™p amdm-\p≈ Hcp kma¿∞y {]I-S\w am{X-amWv. Aaq¿Ø-amb ]Zm-he - n-If- n¬ A`ncan-°p-tºm-g√ - , aq¿Ø-amb kmaq-ly-hy-hÿ - I - sf A`nap-Jo-Ic- n-°p-tºmgmWv At\z-jW - ß - ƒ AKm-[a- m-hp-∂X - v. aqe-[\ `oIc-Xb - psS tX¿hm-gv®° - n-Sb - n¬ C¥y-bn¬ kwL-]c- n-hm¿ ^mknkw Hcp "KpP-dmØv" krjvSn-®p-sh-∂Xv, AXpsIm-≠mWv AXy¥w {]k-‡a- m-hp-∂X - v, AtX-°p-dn®p≈ Akz-ÿP - \ - I - a- mb Hm¿Ω-s∏-Sp-Øe- p-Iƒ t]mepw kln-°mØ en_-d¬ ho£Ww ]pe¿Øp∂ kplr-Øp°-tfm-Spw, ]e-Xcw ka-hm-Iy-߃ sIm≠v C¥y≥ atXX-cP - o-hn-XsØ s\Sp-sI-]n-f¿∂ {]kvXpX kw`-hsØ \n¿Δo-cy-am-°m-sa∂v tamln-°p-∂h - t- cmSpw "sZdn-Zsb Ddp-ºp-Iƒ amf-Øn-te°v sIm≠p-t]m-Ip∂p' F∂ IYbpsS HSp-hn¬ ]n.sI. ]md-°S- hv Fgp-Xnb Hscm‰ hcnsIm≠v am{Xta Ct∏mgpw kw`m-j-W-am-cw-`n-°m≥ Ignbq F∂p-Xs- ∂-bmWv Rm≥ Icp-Xp-∂X - v. " FSm Igp-th-dn-bpsS tamt\, t\sc KpP-dm-Øn-te°v sN√v. \tc-{μ-tam-Un-bpsS KpP-dm-Øn-te-°v. F∂n´v C¥y≥ Ah-ÿs- b-∏‰n ]d''. ka-Zqc kn≤m-¥hpw ka-hmIy \n¿Ωm-Whpw hen-sbmcp kuIcyw Xs∂-bm-Wv. Xe ]qgvØm≥ CØ-cs- amcp acp`qanIqSn C√m-bn-cp-s∂-¶n¬ ]e H´-I] - £ - n-If- psSbpw ÿnXn ]ns∂bpw F{X kl-Xm-]m¿l-am-Ip-am-bn-cp∂p! F∂m¬ kz¥w {]i-kvXn-bpsS IncoSw am¿IvknÃv hniI-e\ - ß - f- psS inc- n¬ sh°m-\p≈ Ah-cpsS {iaw 45


_Z¬ tkmjy-en-k-am-Wv, F¥p-sIm≠v?

X¬°m-esØ Bth-i-Øn\v tijw X≈n-t∏m-Ipw. " KpP-dm-Ønse \njvIf- ¶ - c- mb P\-Xb - psS NnX-dn-sØdn® arX-tZ-lß - ƒ°p-ta¬ Xnc-s™-Sp∏v em`w sImøphm-\p≈ hy{KX ]nim-Np-_m-[tb‰ coXn imkv{XØns\ Aÿn ac-hn-∏n-°pw-hn[w ]pd-Øp-sIm-≠p-h∂ - ncn-°p-∂p. KpP-dm-Øn¬ Ah¿ hnP-bn-®p-sh-¶n¬ XpS¿∂v cmPy-Øns‚ CXc `mK-ßf- nepw Ah¿ A\ph¿Øn-°m≥ t]mIp∂ am¿§-an-Xm-Wv. AXv C¥y-bpsS amdnb apJ-am-bn-cn-°pw'' (koXmdmw sb®q-cn, aXhpw am¿Ivkn-kh - pw). " KpP-dm-Øn\v tij-ap≈ kmkvIm-cnI {]h¿Ø\Øn\v Hscm‰ AP-≠tb D≠m-hm≥ km≤y-Xb - p-≈q. AXv KpP-dm-Øn¬ \S∂ Iq´-s°m-es- °-Xnsc a\p-jy-kaqlØn¬ i‡-amb {]Xn-Ic- W߃ D≠m-°pI F∂p≈-Xm-Wv. Iq´-s°m-ebv°v t\XrXzw \¬Inb ^mknÃp-Isf a\pjy i{Xp-°-fmbn P\-߃°v apºn¬ Xpd∂p ImWn-°pI F∂p-≈X - m-Wv. Ahsc H‰-s∏-SpØpI F∂p-≈X - m-Wv. KpP-dmØm\-¥c kmwkvIm-cnI {]h¿Ø\w Xo¿®-bmbpw KpP-dmØv krjvSn-®h - ¿s°Xn-sc-bp≈ Hcp kmkvIm-cnI ka-ca- mbn amtd-≠X - p≠v..... ^mknÃv h¬°-cW - Ø - ns‚ Hcp ImeØv as‰√m A`n-{]mb hyXym-kß - ƒ°p-a∏ - pdw hn]p-ea- mb Hcp P\Iob Iq´mbva hf¿∂p-ht- c-≠X - m-Wv. AØ-cs- amcp Iq´mbva F√m A¿∞-Ønepw Cc-It- fmSv kw`m-jWw \S-Øm≥ sI¬∏p≈ H∂mbn kzbw i‡n-s∏-tS-≠X - mWv.... C¥y≥ ^mknkw C\nbpw th≠s{X hni-Ie- \w sNø-s∏-SmsX t]mIp-∂X - ns‚ ImcWw 1923¬ \nt∂m, 1925¬ \nt∂m AXns‚ hni-Ie - \ - a- m-cw-`n-°p-∂X - vsIm≠mWv. AXn\v ]Icw \ΩpsS kwkvIm-cc- q-]o-Ic- W - Øn¬ Xs∂ kw`-hn® Hcp henb sshcp≤yw Xpd-∂pIm-Wn-°s- ∏-tS-≠X - p-≠v. C¥y-bnse `qcn-]£w hcp∂ a\p-jy-sc tæ®-sc∂v hnfn® ]n¬°m-e sshZnI ]mc-ºcy-tØmfw CXns‚ thcp-Iƒ hym]n®p \n¬°p-∂p. \ΩpsS a\p-hp-ambn Xmc-Xayw sNøp-tºmƒ ln‰ve¿ ]mh-am-sW∂ ktlm-Z-c≥ Aø-∏s‚ {]kvXmhw CSbv°v Hcp sshhn-≤y-Øn\v th≠n-t∏mepw \ΩpsS apJy-[mcm ]WvUn-X¿ D≤-cn-°p-∂n-√. tP ymXn-_-^qebv°pw Awt_-ZvI¿°pw {io\m-cm-bW Kpcphn\pw C.hn. cma-kzm-an-\m-bv°¿°pw Aø-¶m-fn°pw ]Icw \ΩpsS kmwkvIm-cnI N¿®-If- n¬ ta¬ss° In´p-∂Xv _¶nw≥ Nt[ym-]m-[ymb-bv°pw, `mbn ]c-am-\-μ\pw kh¿°¿°p-amWv'' (Kp-Pd- m-Øn¬ kw`-hn-°p-∂Xv ˛ sI.C.-F≥)

h¿§-hn-i-I-e\w : Hcp ]p\¿hm-b\ " \nt∂m-SnXv ]d-™n-s√-¶n¬ F\n°v {`m¥n-fI - pw. Rm\hs‚ PohnXw XI¿°pw. ssZh-Øn\v t]mepw Ahs‚ IÆp-Iƒ Xncn-®p-sIm-Sp-°m≥ ]‰n-√..... Rm\Xv IpØnI-f™p'' " F\n°v t]Sn-bm-hp∂p'' " \n‚-∏-t\bpw Bß-f-tbbpw Ah≥ sIm∂n´v Bcpw tNmZn-®n-√. Bbn-cw B-Zn-hm-kn-Isf sIms∂m-Sp-°nbm¬... Hcp t]meo-kp-Im-c≥ t]mepw At\z-jn-°n-√... CX-ßs- \-b√- , sF.-Pn.-hcpw... In´p∂ s]Æn-s\-sbms° 46

_em¬kwKw sNøpw... ]nSn-In-´p-∂h - s\ sIme-]m-XInbm-°pw... _me-\m-scbpw sIm∂n-´n-√... F∂n´pw'' (Ducm-fn-°pSn ˛ \mcm-b¨) ""BZn-hm-kn-Iƒ Xpd-∂-an-gn-I-tfmsS F√mw ImWp-∂p. Ah¿ ]d-bm-dp≠v; " `mbn, R߃s°√mw a\- n-em-hp∂p-≠v, ]s£ F¥v sNøm≥'' P∑n-Ifpw h\-cm-Pm-°∑mcpw BZn-hmkn s]¨In-Sm-ßsf XßfpsS Ima]qc-WØ - n-\mbn [mcmfw D]-tbm-Kn-®n-cp-∂p. lnμp-°f- √mØ P∑n-If- psS CØcw \nb-ah - n-t[-bc- √- mØ k¥Xn-Iƒ "]mSve' F∂ t]cn-emWv Adn-bs- ∏-Sp-∂X - v. Hcp {]tXyI PmXn-bmbn Adn-bs- ∏-Sm≥ X°-hÆw Ch-cpsS kwJy hep-Xm-Wv. CXn\p ]pdsa lnμp P∑n-If- psS "X¥-bn-√mØ k¥-Xn-Iƒ' thsd-bp-ap-≠v. (a-\p-jy-\p-Wcp-tºmƒ : tKmZm-hcn ]cpte-°¿) C¥y-bnen∂pw BZn-hm-kcpw Zfn-Xcpw \yq\-]£ßfpw HutZym-Kn-Ia- mbpw A\u-tZym-Kn-Ia- mbpw ]oTn-∏n-°s- ∏-Sp∂Xv a‰p ]e Imc-Wß - ƒs°m∏w Ah¿ BZn-hm-knIfpw Zfn-Xcpw \yq\-]£ - ß - f- p-amWv F∂Xv sIm≠pIq-Sn-bm-Wv. 1948 P\p-hcn 30\v Km‘n h[n-°s- ∏-´t- ∏mƒ tKmUvskbpw kh¿°-dp-aS- ß - p∂ NnXv]m-h≥ {_m“W-ka- q-lØ - n-s\-Xnsc A∂sØ C¥y A\-ßn-bn-√. ImcWw NnXv]m-h≥ {_m“-W-k-aq-l-a√ adn®v {]kvXpX kaq-lØ - n¬ GsXm-s°tbm Imc-Wß - f- m¬ Dƒs∏-´p-t]mb hy‡n-If- mWv Ip‰-IrXyw \S-Øn-bX - v. C¥y A∂v {]kvXpX {]iv\sØ t\cn-´Xv cmjv{So-bam-bn-´m-Wv. AXv icn-bp-am-bn-cp-∂p. F∂m¬ 1984¬ Cμn-cm-Km‘n h[n-°s- ∏-´t- ∏mƒ C¥y-bn¬ th´-bm-Ss- ∏´Xv kn°v kaq-la- m-Wv. KpP-dm-Øn¬ hwi-lXy \S∂-t∏mƒ th´-bm-Ss- ∏-´Xv apkvenw kaq-la- m-Wv. apØß-bn¬ th´-bm-Ss- ∏-´Xv BZn-hmkn kaq-la- m-Wv. Bcpan-√m-Øh - ¿°v XpW-bmbnØotc≠ "P\m-[n-]Xyw' C∂v F√m-ap-≈h - c- psS kpJ-hm-kt- I-{μ-ambnØocp-Ib - m-Wv. ]s£ At∏mgpw Zfn-Xcpw a‰p ]nt∂m° kap-Zm-bßfpw \yq\-]-£-ßfpw Aan-X-amb Ah-Im-i-߃ ssI∏-‰p-Ib - m-sW-∂mWv "kmam-\y-t_m[w' iTn-°p-∂Xv. "B‚Wn; Hm\m B¨Ip´n' F∂v ]d-bp∂ apgph≥ t]cpw {]_-‘s- a-gp-Xp-∂n√ F∂Xv am{X-am-Wmizm-kw. ^mkn-k-Øns‚ kºZv imkv{X-Øn-ep≈{X {i≤ AXns‚ kwkvIm-ci - m-kv{X-Øn\v \¬ImsX t]mhp∂-Xn\v ]nd-In¬ kmam\yt_m[-Øns‚ AZr-iy-km-∂n≤y-am-Wp-≈Xv. Ct∏m-gp≈ C¥y-bn-se-∂-t]mse apºp≈ C¥ybpw t\cn´ apJy-{]-iv\ß - f- n-sem∂v CXmbn-cp-∂p. kmaqly ]cn-jvI-c-W-Øn-eq-∂n-bn-cp∂ tkmjy¬ tIm¨^-d≥kpw, cmjv{Sob ]cn-h¿Ø-\Ø - neq-∂nb tIm¨{K pw XΩn-ep-≠m-bn-cp∂ ]cn-an-Xa- mb _‘-ah - k - m-\n-∏n-®Xv ]p\x-cp-∞m\ ImgvN∏ - m-Sp-If- n¬ ]pfIw sIm≠ Xne-I\ - m-Wv. 1892¬ emtlm-dn¬ \S∂ F´m-aXv tIm¨{Kkv ktΩ-f-\-Øn¬ _m\¿Pn \SØnb A≤y-£-{]-kwKw At_-ZvI-dpsS `mj-bn¬ tkmjy¬ tIm¨^-d≥kns‚ Nc-tam-]N - mc{]kwKw t]mse-bm-bn-cp-∂p. _m\¿Pn ]d™p ""\ΩpsS kmaqly hyh-ÿnXn ]cn-jvIc- n-°s- ∏-Sp-∂X - p-hsc \mw cmjv{Sob ]cn-jvIc- W - Ø - n\v tbmKy-cm-hp-Ib - n-s√∂v ]dbp∂ Bscbpw F\n°v kln-°m≥ Ign-bp-Ib - n-√. Ch¿ PEOPLE AGAINST GLOBALISATION

BtKm- f - h ¬°- c - W - Ø n- s \- X nsc P\- ß ƒ


_Z¬ tkmjy-en-k-am-Wv, F¥p-sIm≠v?

XΩn¬ Hcp _‘hpw Rm≥ ImWp-∂n-√. F¥p-sIm≠mWv cmjv{Sob ]cn-jvIc- W - Ø - n\v \mw tbmKy-cm-ImXn-cn-°p-∂Xv? \ΩpsS hn[-hIƒ hnhm-ln-Xc- m-Im-ØXp-sIm-≠mtWm? \ΩpsS s]¨Ip´n-Isf a‰p cmPyß-fn-te-Xn-t\-°mƒ Ipd™ {]mb-Øn¬ hnhmlw Ign∏n-®p-sIm-Sp-°p-∂Xp sIm≠mtWm? \ΩpsS s]¨a°sf HmIvkvt^m¿Unepw tIw{_n-UvPnepw Ab-°mØXpsIm≠mtWm?'' (l¿jm-ch - w) Ct∏mƒ C¥y-bn¬ apg-ßp-∂Xpw kmam-\y-t_m[w B{K-ln-°p-∂Xpw CØcw X´p-s]m-fn-∏≥ XIc Nn¥-I-fm-Wv! Iogmf kmaqly ]cn-jvIc- Ww BXy-¥n-Ia- mbpw apt∂m-´p-sh® {]iv\w _m\¿Pn Ah-Xc- n-∏n-®X - p-t]mse s]¨Ip-´nIƒ Imtdm- S n- ° p- ∂ - X m- b n- c p- ∂ n- √ , Ah¿ HmIvkvt^m¿Un¬ t]mbn ]Tn-°p-∂-Xm-bn-cp-∂n-√. hkv{Xw [cn-°m≥, hgn \S-°m≥, a\p-jy-sc-t∏mse Pohn-°m≥ th≠n C¥y-bnse `qcn-]£w a\p-jy¿ \SØp∂ Poh≥a-cW t]mcm-´Ø - n-t‚-Xm-bn-cp-∂p. kXyØn¬ {]iv\w a\p-jy-sc-t∏mse Pohn-°m-\p≈ C¥ybnse `qcn-]£w A[x-ÿn-Xc- psS {]mY-anI P\m-[n-]Xy-Øn-t‚-Xm-bn-cp-∂p. _m\¿Pn-bpsS hmNm-tSm]w hgn AXn\v h∂ A¤p-XI - c- a- mb am‰-amWv \mw apI-fn¬ I≠-Xv. Awt_-ZvI¿ AS-ßp∂ "alm¿' PmXn-°m¿°v {Kma-Øn-\p-≈n¬ {]th-i\w \ntj-[n-®n-cp-∂p-sh∂pw Ah¿ Xma-kn-®n-cp∂ {]tZ-i-Øn\v \¬Inb t]cv "alm¿hmU' F∂m-bn-cp-∂p-sh∂pw, AXn-\¿∞w Zp¿K‘-]q-cn-Xa- mb P\-hm-kt- I{μw F∂m-bn-cp-∂p-sh∂pw Hcp \nan-jt- am¿Øm¬]n-s∂, Xne-I\pw _m\¿Pnbpw FhnsS \n¬°pw! km{am-P y-Xz-Øns‚ s\©n-\p-t\sc Ah-cp-b¿Ønb apjvSnsb A`n-hmZyw sNøp-tºmgpw, Zfn-Xs‚ s\©n¬ Nhn-´nb Ah-cpsS Im¬ Npºnt°≠ Bhiyw B[p-\n-Ik - a- q-lØ - n-\n-√. C¥ybv°v BZysØ cmjv{S-]X - n-bmb cmtP-{μ-{]-kmZv {_m“-WcpsS Im¬ Igp-In-bt- ∏mƒ, {_m“-WcpsS Im¬ IgpIp∂ ssIøns‚ DSa A[x-ÿn-Xsc Nhn-´p∂ Imens‚ DS-aI - f- m-bn-cn-°p-sa∂v cmw at\m-l¿ temly {]Xn-Ic- n®Xv Hm¿°p-I. ]pdw-t]mw-°n-te°v {Iqcamw hn[w Nhn´n ]pd-Øm-°-s∏´ Hcp P\-X; Km‘n kvt\l-]q¿Δw \¬Inb ssZh-Øns‚ a°ƒ F∂¿∞w hcp∂ "lcnP≥' F∂ kw⁄ \ncm-Ic- n®v ]Icw "Zfn-X¿' F∂v kzbw kwt_m-[\ sNøp-∂-Xn¬ Km‘n injy-∑m¿ Akz-ÿc- m-Ic- p-Xv. kz¥w t]cv F¥m-bn-cn-°W - s- a∂v Xocp-am-\n-°m-\p≈ Hcp P\-X-bp-tStbm hy‡n-bptStbm Ah-Im-isØ \n߃ F¥n\v A\m-Zc- n-°W - w? "ZfnXv {]ÿm\w' C¥y-bn¬ F∂ ]pkvXI - Ø - n¬ Sn.sI. \mcm-bW - ≥ Fgp-Xp∂p " KpP-dmØn Ihn-bmb \c-knwl-ta-Ø-bpsS Hcp Ihn-X-bnse {][m\ IYm-]m-{XØns‚ t]cv "lcn-Ps- \'-∂mWv t]mepw! GtXm Hc-ºe-Øn¬ P\n® Ip´n-bpsS A—-\m-cm-sW∂v I≠p-]n-Sn°m≥ Ign-bmsX h∂-t∏mƒ Ahs‚ ]nXrXzw "lcn'bpsS Xe-bn¬ sI´n-sh-®p. tZh-Zmkn k{º-Zmbw Aº-eß - f- n¬ \ne-\n¬°m≥ XpS-ßnb Imew apX¬ Ahn-sS-sb√mw A—-\n-√msX Ip™p-߃ ]nd-°pI k¿Δkm-[m-c-W-amb Hcp Imcyw am{X-am-bn-cp-∂p. Aßns\ "X¥-bn-√mØ' \c-knw-lt- a-Øb - psS IYm]m{Xw lcn-P\ - m-bn-amdn. AXm-bXv ssZh-Øns‚ aIPEOPLE AGAINST GLOBALISATION

BtKm- f - h ¬°- c - W - Ø n- s \- X nsc P\- ß ƒ

\mbn Xo¿∂p. "kmln-Xy-tem-I'- Øns‚ ZfnXv kmlnXy-]-Xn∏v "Ipam-c-\m-im≥ IrXn-I-fnse ZfnXv Aht_m[w' C.-Fw.-Fkn.s‚ BapJ {]_-‘t- Øm-sS-bmWv Bcw-`n-°p-∂-Xv. ZfnXv kw⁄sb°pdn-®p≈ ktμlhpw ZfnXv A-hm¿Up-Isf Ipdn-®p≈ Ah-KW - \ - bpw atXX-ch - m-Zn-Iƒ°n-Sb - n¬ Ct∏mgpw kPo-ha- mbn XpScp-Ib - m-Wv. tP ymXn-_-^q-e-bpsS {]kn-≤-amb ASn-a-Øw F∂ ]pkvXIw ka¿∏n-°s- ∏´Xv. F{_lmw en¶s‚ t\XrXz-Øn¬ sXs° Ata-cn-°-bnse ASn-a-D-S-a-Iƒs°Xnsc sFXn-lm-kn-Ia- mb t]mcm´w \S-Ønb Ata-cn°≥ P\-Xb - psS ka-ssc-Iy-Øn-\p-ap-∂n-em-Wv! `mcXw temI-Øns‚ kmwkvIm-cn-IK - p-cp-hm-sW∂ k¶p-NnX kao-]\ - sØ BZ¿i-h¬I-cn-°c- n-°p-∂X - n-e√ - , adn®v, temI-sØßpw \S-°p∂ hntam-N\ ka-cß - sf kzmwioI-cn-°p∂XnemWv At±lw Bth-iw-sIm-≠X - v. "ASnaØw' F∂ At±-lØ - ns‚ {]i-kvXa- mb IrXn C¥y≥ \mj-W¬ tIm¨{K v cq]-s∏-Sp∂-Xn\pw 12 h¿jw apºv 1873 ¬ {]kn-≤o-Ic- n-°s- ∏-´n-cp∂p F∂Xpw ad-°cp-Xv. At±lw cp]w \¬Inb kXy-tim-[Iv kam-Pns\ \nc-h[n \tam-∞m-\{- ]-ÿm-\ß - f- n-sem-s∂∂ \ne-bv°√, A[x-ÿnX hntam-N-\-Øn\v km¿Δ-tZ-iob am\w \¬Inb Iogm-f \ - t- hm-∞m\ {]ÿm-\Ø - n-sem-s∂∂ \ne-bv°mWv \mw kao-]n-t°-≠X - v. Rß-fpsS hnZym-tZhX \nß-fpsS km¶¬]nI kc-kz-Xn-b√- , adn®v kmhn{Xo-^q-eb - m-sW∂v DØ-tc¥y-bnse Zfn-X¿ C∂pw A`nam-\] - q¿Δw Hm¿°p-∂p. Ah-cpsS Aim-¥a- mb PohnX-Øns‚ BIm-iØ - n¬ C∂pw "tPymXn-_m-^qse' Hcp kqcy-s\-t∏mse Pzen®p \n¬°p-∂p. cmPmdmw taml≥ dmbnsb apX¬ a∂Øv ]fl-\m-`s\ hsc hni-Za- mbn ]cn-KW - n-°p∂ tIc-fØ - nse a[y-h¿§ a\p-jy-cn-semcp hn`mKw tP ymXn-_m^q-e-sb-°p-dn®v s]mXp-hn¬ A⁄-cm-Wv. k¿h-⁄-]oTw Ib-dn-b-hsc am{Xw Hm¿°p-Ibpw AXv krjvSn-®h - sc \Ωƒ ad-°p-Ibpw sNøp∂p. a¿ZI PmXn-I-fn¬ \n∂v hyXykvX-amb kmwkvIm-cn-Ia- m\w a¿Zn-XP - m-Xn-Iƒ°p-s≠∂v ad-°p∂-h¿ BXy-¥n-Ia- mbn ]ptcm-K\ ImgvN∏ - m-Sn-s\-Xs- ∂bmWv ]cn-an-Xs- ∏-Sp-Øp-∂X - v. Db¿∂ hn`m-KØ - n¬s∏´-h¿ Xmgv∂ PmXn¬s∏´ "`≥hm--cnsb' Iq´-_em¬kwKw \S-Øm≥ hgn-bn-s√∂v Pbv∏q¿ skj≥kv tImSXn hn[n {]Jym-]n-®Xv 1995 embn-cp∂p!"]ip e£vanbm-Wv. ]ip-s]-‰m¬ A¥¿P\w s]‰ ]pe-bm-Wv˛ ]Øp]pe' AXp-sIm-≠mWv NØ ]ip-hns‚ tXm¬ -D-cnbp∂ Zfn-Xsc C∂pw Np´p-sIm-√p-∂X - v. C¥y≥ `c-WL-S-\-bpsS apJy-in¬∏nbpw A[x-ÿnX hntam-N-\Øns‚ apJy-t]m-cm-fn-bp-amb Awt_-Zv°¿°v `mc-XcXv\ ]Zhn \¬In C¥y BZ-cn-®Xv ]Øv sIm√w apºv am{X-am-Wv. CØ-cs- am-ch - ÿ - b - n¬ aq¿Øamb ZfnXv bmYm¿∞ysØ Aaq¿Ø-amb am\-hnI ]Zm-h-enIƒsIm≠v ad-®p-sh-°p-∂X - n¬ ]¶m-fn-If- m-hp-∂h - ¿ PmXn {]Xy-bi - m-kv{X-tØmSv [oc-ambn hnS-tNm-Zn-°m≥ Ct∏mgpw aSn®p \n¬°p-∂h - c- mWv. h¿Khpw h¿K-ka- c- hpw am¿IvknÃv ho£-WØ - n¬ hyXykvXß - f- mb ]cn-I¬]-\I - f- m-Wv. Hcp kmº-ØnI {]{Inb-bpsS cq]o-Ic- W - Ø - n¬ \n∂v Db¿∂phcp-∂X - mWv 47


_Z¬ tkmjy-en-k-am-Wv, F¥p-sIm≠v?

h¿§w. AsXmcp kmº-ØnI {Ia-Øns‚ `mK-am-Wv. F∂m¬ h¿K-k-a-c-sa-∂Xv AXy¥w hnkvXr-Xhpw AXy-Km-[-hp-amb Hcp kwh¿K-am-Wv. AXv Pohn-XØns‚ ka-kvXa- W - vUe - ß - s- fbpw _m[n-°p∂ H∂mWv. amthm-bpsS {]kn-≤a- mb Hcp-{]-tbm-Ka- mWv "Im‰ps≠-¶n¬ Ce Cf-Ip'-sa-∂p≈-Xv. h¿§-hn-`P - n-Xa- mb Hcp kaq-lØ - n¬ kI-eXpw h¿§-ka- c- h - p-ambn _‘-s∏´ hnj-bß - f- m-Wv. h¿§hpw h¿§-ka- c- hpw Iq´n-Ip-gb - ptºmƒ Imcy-߃ Ahy-‡a- m-hp-∂p. kXy-Øn¬"_-lpap-J-k-a-c-ß-fpsS BsI-Xp-I-bmWv h¿§-k-acw' , AsXmcp aWvUe- Ø - n¬ am{X-ap≈ ka-ca- √- . _lp-apJ kz`m-ha- p≈ H∂mWv AØ-csamcp k - a- c- Ø - ns‚ kakvXc- q-]ß - fpw ap≥Iq-´n-hn-hc- n-t°≠ bmsXmcp Imcyhp-an-√. Ihn ]mSn-bX - p-t]mse kI-ecpw ]S-\n-eß - f- nte°v hn\y-kn-°s- ∏-´p-Ig- n-™p. `mcw Npa-°p∂ IgpX t]mepw-Im¬ sXmgn-°m≥ IqSn-bp-≈X - m-sW∂v Xncn®-dnbpw hn[w PohnXw amdn-s°m-≠n-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv. H∂p-In¬ ]S-\m-b-I≥ As√-¶n¬ kvXpXn-]mT-I≥. hf¿Øp-\m-bv°ƒt]mepw Nne kμ¿`-ßf- n¬ th´-]´nI-fm-Im-\p≈ km[yX X≈n-°f- b - m-\m-In√. AXy¥w aq¿®n®p Ign™ sshcp-≤y-ßf- psS Ae-If- n¬ \n∂v Bcpw hnap-‡c- √ - . CØ-cs- amcp Ncn{X kμ¿`sØ AXns‚ kq£vaX - b - n-epw, Ir-Xy-Xb - nepw hne-bn-cpØn ssk≤m-¥n-Ih - ¬°-cWw \S-ØpI F∂Xv A¥y¥w {][m-\a- m-Wv. C¥y-bnse h¿§-cq-]o-Ic- Ww bqtd-]y≥ A\p-`h - ß - f- n¬ \n∂ vhy-Xy-kvXa- mWv. CXv C.-Fw.-Fkv XpS-°Ø - n¬ ]d-™n-´p-≠v. ASn-a-Ifpw DS-a-Ifpw XΩn-ep≈ kwL¿jhpw AXn¬ ASn-aI - ƒ hnPbw t\Sp∂ Hcp ]›m-Øe - a- m-bn-cp∂p bqtdm-∏n-teXv C¥y-bn-em-Is´ [znPcpw {iq{Zcpw XΩn¬ \S∂ kwL-´\ - Ø - n¬ [znPcmWv hnPbw t\Sn-b-Xv. kmº-ØnI LS-\-bnepw, cmjv{Sob LS-\b - nepw am‰-߃ h∂-t∏mgpw kmwkvImcnI ta¬Iqc kh¿Æ tI{μo-Ir-Xa- mbn-Xs∂ XpS¿∂p. "\m\m-Xz-Øn¬ GIXzw' F∂ AXy¥w hmgvØs- ∏´ en_-d¬ ImgvN-∏m-Sn¬ Ah-X-cn-∏n-°-s∏´ Bibw t]mepw "Hcp GI-XzsØ' \m\m hn[-Øn¬ C¥y≥ P\X-bv°p-ta¬ ASn-t®¬∏n-°m-\p≈ {ia-am-bn-cp-∂p. Cu kh¿W-ta¬tImbva ; C¥y-bn¬ \nin-Xa- mbn B{I-an°-s∏-´n-´n-√. Iogmf P\-hn-`m-Kß - f- mWv ChnsS ImbnI tPmen-Is- fms° sNbvXn-cp-∂X - v. Ct∏mgpw Imcy-߃ auen-Ia- mb hn[-Øn¬ amdn-bn-´n-√. hf¿®-bpsS `mK-ambn´v am‰-߃ D≠m-bn-´p-s≠-¶nepw ASn-ÿm-\] - c- a- mbn t¢i-Ic- a- mb tPmen-Iƒ; AXm-bXv ImbnI tPmen-Iƒ C∂pw sNbvXp-sIm-≠n-cn-°p∂Xv ZfnXv P\-hn-`m-Kß - fmWv. {]kvXpX P\-hn-`m-KsØ kq£vaa- m-bpw, ka{K-ambpw kwt_m-[\ sNø-Ø° hn[-Øn¬ C¥y≥ h¿§-cq-]o-Ic- W - sØ Ipdn-®p≈ hn]p-ea- mb At\z-jWw C\n-bpw XpS-tc-≠X - p-≠v. kJmhv cW-Zn-th, tPymXn_m-^q-se-sb-Ip-dn®v \S-Ønb Kw`o-ca- mb ]cm-a¿i-߃ ChnsS Hm¿°mw. alm-cm-jv{S-bnse ]m¿´n sk{I-´dn skbn¬Kp-cn, Awt_-Zv°dpw Iayq-Wn-Ãp-Imcpw XΩn¬ kw-hmZw th≠{X \S-°msX t]mb-Xn¬ Ah-cpsS `mKØp-\n-∂p≈ ]ng-hp-Ifpw kz¥w `mKØp-\n-∂p≈ ]ng-hp-Ifpw kqNn-∏n-°p-∂p-≠v. kh¿Æ -\-thm-∞m48

\sØ \Ωƒ icn-bmb coXnbn¬ Xs∂-bmWv AS-bmf-s∏-Sp-Øn-bX - v. kh¿Æ \thm-∞m\w F∂ ]Zw D]tbm-Kn-°p-∂p-s≠-¶nepw kh¿Æ aqey-t_m-[Ø - n-s\Xnsc kacw sNbvX P\m-[n]yhmZn-If- m-bn-cp∂p Ah¿. B A¿∞-Øn¬ Kw`o-ca- mbn Xs∂ AXv AS-bm-fs- ∏Sp-tØ-≠X - m-Wv. F∂m¬ Iogmf \thm-∞m\w th≠{X hni-Ie - \w sNø-s∏-´n-´n-√. kv{XoIƒ°v, Zfn-X¿°v, \yq\-]£ - ß - ƒ°v F¥p-{]iv\w? h¿§-{]-iv\-amWv BsI-bp-≈Xv F∂v]-d-bp-tºmƒ bYm¿∞-Øn¬ h¿§-sØ-bpw h¿§ ka-cs- Ø-bpw Iq´nI-e¿Øp-Ib - m-Wv sNøp-∂Xv. kXy-Øn¬ h¿§-ka- cw aq¿—n-°p-tºm-gmWv ]pXnb {]iv\ß - ƒ Db¿∂p-hc- p-∂Xv. {]m¥-h¬°-cn-°s- ∏-Sp∂ P\-ßf- n-te°v kaqlw IÆp-Xp-d° - m≥ ImcWw h¿§-ka- cwaq¿—n-°p-∂X - p-sIm≠m-Wv. kv{Xo, Zfn-Xv, ]cn-ÿnXn XpS-ßnb {]iv\ß - ƒ IqSn Ah-KW - n-°m≥ Bhm-Øh - n[w Db¿∂p hcp-∂Xv. km{am-P yXzw CXns\ P\-ßf- psS tbmPn® t]mcm-´ßƒ XI¿°m-\p≈ D]-Ic- Wambn ]c-am-h[n {]tbmP-\s- ∏-SpØpw. AXp-sIm≠v am{Xw AXns\°pdn®v Btem-Nn-°m≥ ]mSn√ F∂p ]d-bp-∂Xv icn-b-√. At∏m-gmWv AsX-Ip-dn®v G‰hpw IqSpX¬ BtemNn-t°-≠X - v.- kn.-sF.-F.-bpsS Bÿm-\Ø - ns‚ {]th-i\-Ih - m-SØ - n¬ Fgp-Xn-h® - n-cn-°p-∂Xv "\o kXyw Is≠Øpw.. kXyw \ns∂ kzX{¥-\m°pw' F∂ ss__nfnse Hcp hmN-Ia- m-Wv. kn.-sF.F Cßs\ ss__nƒ D±-cn-®X - p-sIm≠v aX-hn-izm-kn-Iƒ AXns\ D]-tbm-Kn®pIqS F∂ \ne-]mSv Bcpw kzoI-cn-°m-dn-√t- √m. temI_m¶v Iayq-WnÃv am\n-s^tÃm D±-cn-®n-´p≠v. AXpsIm≠v Iayq-Wn-Ãp-Im¿ AXp-t]-£n-°W - s- a∂v Bcpw ]d-bp-Ib - n-√t- √m. hntI-{μo-Ic- Ww kv{Xoi-‡o-Ic- W - w, Zfn-Xv, ]cn-ÿnXn XpS-ßnb {]iv\ß - ƒ temI-_m¶v ]e hn[-Øn¬ Ah-Xc- n-∏n-®n-´p-≠v. AXp-sIm≠v Iayq-WnÃp-Im¿ AXp-]t- bm-Kn-°c- pXv F∂ coXn-bn-e√ Imcyßsf ImtW-≠Xv. ta¬sNm∂ aWvUe - ß - f- n-se√mw km{am-P yXzw CS-s]-Sp-∂-Xp-sIm-≠p-Xs∂ AXns\ apdn-®p-IS- °pw hn[w CØcw {]iv\ß - f- n¬ Iayq-Wn-ÃpIm¿ CS-s]-Sp-Ib - mWv th≠Xv . Cs√-¶n¬ h¿§-ka- c- Øns‚ aWvUew hnI-e-am-hp-Ibpw h¿§-k-acsØ BXy-¥n-I-amb AXv XS- -s∏-Sp-Øp-Ibpw sNøpw. kv{Xo]p-cpj kaXzw ]cn-ÿnXn XpS-ßnb Imcy-]c- n-]mSn-Iƒ Dt]-£n-®p-sIm≠v h¿§ ka-cØ - n\v aptºm-´p-t]mIm-\m-hn-√. "kq£va cmjv{Sobw' F≥.-Pn.-H. kwL-S\ - Iƒ°pw [m¿ΩnI {]N-cWw aX kwL-S\ - I - ƒ°pw ]Xn®p-sIm-Sp-Øp-sIm≠v Fßn-s\-bmWv CS-Xp-]£w ka{K-ambn h¿Ø-am\ ImesØ kwt_m-[-\-sN-øm≥ t]mIp-∂X - v. CS-Xp-]£w Hgn-®p-hn´ kq£vac- m-jv{So-bØns‚ iq-\y-Xb - n¬ BWv ^≠pw {]h¿Ø-\ß - fpw ]eXpw kPo-ha- mbn \S-°p-∂X - v. ]cn-kvXnXn {]iv\ß - ƒ AS-°a- p≈ Imcy-߃ sXmgn-emfn h¿§ cmjv{So-bØ - ns‚ `mK-am°n cmjv{So-b{- ]-h¿Ø\sØ IqSp-X¬ k¿Km-flI - a- m°n Xo¿t°≠ Hcp ImeØmWv \mw Pohn-°p-∂X - v. amthm ]d-bp∂p: "ap{Zm-hmIy-߃ Ihn-Xb - m-bn-am-dp-sa∂v!' ]t£ F√m ap{Zm-hmIy-ßfpw Ihn-X-bm-Ip-sa∂ amthm ]d-™n-´n-√. cmjv{Sobw k¿Km-flI - a- mbn Xocp-tºmƒ ap{Zm-hm-Iy-߃ PEOPLE AGAINST GLOBALISATION

BtKm- f - h ¬°- c - W - Ø n- s \- X nsc P\- ß ƒ


_Z¬ tkmjy-en-k-am-Wv, F¥p-sIm≠v?

Ihn-Xb - m-Ip-sa-∂mWv ]d-™X - v. sXmgn-emfn {]ÿm\sØ kw_-‘n-®n-St- Ømfw sXmgn¬ kpc£ {][m\-s∏´ {]iv\a- m-Wv. AtXm-sSm∏w Xs∂ P\-ßf- psS t\Xm-hmWv sXmgn-em-fn-Iƒ. P\-ßf- psS ap∂-Wn-t]mcm-fn-bmWv sXmgn-emfn {]ÿm\w. Xß-fpsS \ne\n¬∏v F∂ {]iv\sØ a\p-jy-cm-in-bpsS Zo¿L-Im-e\n-e\ - n¬∏v F∂ {]-iv\Ø - ns‚ ap∂n¬ sh®v thWw sXmgn-emfn {]ÿm\w hni-Ie- \w sNtø-≠X - v. CØcw Hcp AP≠ cq]o-Ic- n-°p-∂X - n¬ h∂ hogvN tIhe ]cn-ÿnXn hmZn-If- p-sSbpw Nne Ihn-If- p-sSbpw kz]v\tem-Ia- mbn ]cn-ÿnXn {]iv\ß - ƒ am‰m-\n-Sh - c- p-Øn. sXmgn-em-fn-h¿§ cmjv{S-bØ - ns‚ ]cn-an-Xn-If- psS IqSn `mK-am-bn-´mWv {Ko≥ s]mfn-‰nIvkv temI-Øp-b¿∂ph-∂-Xv. "Nph-∏ns‚ Imew Ign™p C\n ]®-bpsS Ime-amWv' Fs∂m-s°-bp≈ ]pXnb kn≤m-¥ß - ƒ AtXm-sS-bmWv temIØv hym]n®p XpS-ßn-b-Xv. ]®bpw Nph∏pw ISpØ i{Xp-Xb - n-em-bn-cp-∂p. ]t£ C∂v ]®bv°pw Nph-∏n-\p-anS-bn¬ sFIyw cq]-s∏-SpI-bmWv. CXv hfsc Btcm-Ky-Ic- h - pw, Bth-iI - c- h - pamb Hcp am‰-am-Wv. {]kvXpX sFIyw apt∂m-´p-sIm≠p-t]m-Im≥ Ah¿ XΩn¬ kw`m-jWw \SØn ssk≤m-¥n-Ih - pw, {]mtbm-Kn-Ih - p-am-bn-´p≈ ]pXnb i‡n kw`-cn-°m\pw km[y-Xb - p-≠v. am[y-aw, ]cn-ÿnXn, kv{Xo, ZfnXv XpS-ßnb aWvUe - ß - f- n¬ \S-°p∂ At\z-jW - ß - s- fbpw, ka-cß - s- fbpw kmaqly ka-{KX-bn-te-°v sshcp-≤ym-flI - a- mbn IÆn-tN¿t°-≠Xv am¿Ivkn-Ãp-I-fm-Wv. Ah¿ B ZuXyw th≠ hn[w \n¿h-ln-°m-ØX - p-sIm≠v a‰p≈hsc ]gn-Nm-cp-∂X - n¬ henb A¿∞-sam-∂p-an-√. am¿Ivkn-kØ - n\v At\z-jW - ß - ƒ A\y-a√ - .-am¿Ivknkw \ne-\n¬°p-∂X - v, AXv {]iv\ß - sf icn-bmb coXnbn¬ kwt_m-[-\-sN-øp-∂-Xp-sIm-≠m-Wv. AXn\v Aßs\ sNøm≥ Ign-bp∂Xv AsXmcp Xpd∂ XXzNn-¥b - m-bX - p-sIm≠mWv. sshcp-≤ym-flI - X - b - psS {]mYanI XXzw Xs∂ AXv kXy-Øns‚ IpØI Ah-Imi-s∏-Sp-∂n√ F∂-Xm-Wv. kIe kXy-ßfpw R߃ I≠p-]n-Sn®p Ign™p C\n \n߃ ap´p-Ip-Øn-bm¬ aXn-sb-∂v ]-db - p-∂Xv as‰-¥m-bm-epw am¿Ivkn-ka- mhn-√. am¿Ivknkw se\n-\nkw kXy-Øns‚ D≈-S° - amsI Hcp hn[-Ønepw ]pd-Øp-sIm-≠p-h∂ - p-Ig- n-™n´n-√. adn®v AXv {]tbm-KØ - ns‚ KXn {Ia-Øn-\n-Sb - n¬ kXyw Adn-bp-∂X - n-\p≈ ]mX-Iƒ \nc-¥cw sh´n-Xpd-°p-∂p.(-am-thm) AXp-sIm-≠p-Xs∂ Hmtcm {]tbmKhpw henb At\z-jW - ß - ƒ Bh-iys∏-Sp∂p. CØcw At\z-jW - ß - ƒ \n¿h-ln-t°-≠Xv Aaq¿-Øa- m-bn-´√, hkvXp-\n-jvSa- m-bn-´m-Wv. XXz-ßf- n¬ \n∂pw temI-Ønte-°√ temI-Øn¬ \n∂v XXz-Øn-te°v hf-cp-Ib - mWv th≠Xv F∂ \ne-]m-SmWv am¿Ivkn-kp-‰p-Im¿ Db¿Øn-]n-Sn-t°-≠Xv. Aßs\ kao-]n-°p-tºmƒ aqe[\ `oI-cX - b - psS Imew Fs¥ms° {]iv\ß - f- m-Wp≠m-°p-∂-sX∂pw Fs¥ms° {]Xn-I-c-W-ß-fmWv Db¿∂p-h-cp-∂Xv F∂pw aq¿Ø-ambn \nco-£n-°pIbpw AXn¬ CS-s]-Sp-Ibpw thWw. temI-Ønse hyXyÿ Nn¥-Iƒ ]¶n-Sp-∂h - ¿, ImgvN] - mSp-Iƒ D≈-h¿ F√mw GsX-¶nepw Hcp {]iv\Ø - n¬ PEOPLE AGAINST GLOBALISATION

BtKm- f - h ¬°- c - W - Ø n- s \- X nsc P\- ß ƒ

hfsc sNdnb coXn-bn-se-¶nepw sFIy-s∏-Sp-∂p-s≠¶n¬ AXv Btcm-Ky-]c- a- mWv. Ah¿°n-Sb - n¬ kw`m-jW-߃ B-h-iy-amWv.C-Ø-c-samcp ImgvN-∏mSmWv thƒUv tkmjy¬ t^md-Øn-t\m-Sp≈ kao-]\ - Ø - n\pw Db¿Øn-]n-Sn-t°-≠X - v. hyXy-kvXh - g- n-If- n-eqsS hf¿∂ph-cp∂ sNdp-Øp-\n¬]p-I-fpsS Hcp thZn-bm-W-Xv. km{am-P y-Xz-Øn\pw apX-em-fn-Ø-Øn\pw FXn-cmb Bi-ba- mWv AhnsS ]¶p-sh-°s∏-´X - v. CXn-\p-]p-dsa thƒUv tkmjy¬ t^md-Øn\v as‰mcp Xew IqSn-bp≠v. atX-Xc- a- mb Hcp-’h - a- m-bn-cp-∂p AXv. D’-hØ - n\v C∂v AXy-[nIw {]kvIn-Xb - p-≠v. Iogmf P\-Xb - psS Iem-hn-jvIm-cß - f- n¬ ]eXpw \S-∂n-´p-≈Xv D’-hß - fn¬ sh®mWv. C∂v aX-amWv D’-hsØ ]nSn-s®-SpØn-cn-°p-∂X - v. AXns‚ Xncn-®p-]n-Sn-°e - ns‚ `mKw-IqSn-bmbn CØcw HØp-tN-ce - p-Iƒ amdp-∂p. PmXn, aX, tKm{X-]c- n-KW - ° - ∏ - p-dØv Hcp-Iq-´m-bvab - psS D’-ha- mbn-Iq-Sn-bmWv thƒUv tkmjy¬ t^mdsØ ImtW-≠Xv. Xd-hm-´p-h¬°-cWw, PmXn-Iq-´m-bva, aX-Iq-´mbva XpS-ßn-bh - s- bms° h¿≤n-®p-hc- p∂ Ime-Øv atX-Xc- amb Ab¬Iq-´ß - ƒ t]mepw Ncn-{X-Ønse Kw`o-ca- mb Nph-Sp-sh-∏m-Wv. am¿Ivkv ]d-™Xv kmaq-ly-_-‘-ß-fpsS BsI-Xp-IbmWv a\p-jy≥ F∂m-Wv. kmaq-ly-_‘ - ß - f- m-Is´ Ncn{X-]c- h - p-am-Wv. Hcp kwL-S\m cq]sØ Hcp ssPh-LS- \-bmbn ImWp-∂-Xn-¬ Hcp \yq\o-I-c-W-ap-≠v. a’yßsf "AtIz-dn-b'-Øn¬ \n∂pw Pem-ib - Ø - n-te°v Xpd∂p-hn-Sp-∂-XmWv a’y-߃°v Im‰pw shfn-®hpw \¬IpI F∂p-≈X - p-sIm≠v hnh-£n-°p-∂X - v. P\m-[n]Xyw Pohn-X-Øns‚ kakvX aWvU-e-ß-fnepw Db¿Øn-∏nSnt°≠ al-Ømb aqey-amWv F∂ hkvXpX-bn¬ hn´p-hogvN hø. A{X-ta¬ AXv kwL-S\ - I - f- psS Poh-hm-bp-hm-Wv.

k¿§m-fl-I {]mtZ-in-I-X-bpsS A¿∞w A[n-Imc hntI-{μo-Ic- Ww F∂Xv Htc-ka- bw aqe-[\ - m[n-]X - y-Øns‚ t\Xr-Xz-Øn-epff tI{μo-IrX A[n-Im-cØn\pw AtX-ka- bw Xs∂ tI{μoIrXm-[n-Im-csØ hntI-{μo-Ir-Xa- m°n kzbw i‡n-s∏-Sm-\p≈ aqe-[\ - m[n-]X - y-Øns‚ h¿Ø-am-\I - me {ia-߃°v FXn-cmb ka-{K-amb hna¿i-\a- m-Wv. aqe-[\ - m-[n-]X - y-Øn\v ]Icw P\m-[n-]vXyw, GIXz-Øns‚ ASnt®¬∏n-°e- n\v ]Icw sshhn-≤y-Øns‚ hnIm-k-Øn-eqsS am{Xw km[y-amIp∂ Db¿∂ hnXm-\Ø - n-\pff sFIyw, ASn-t®¬∏n°p∂ tI{μo-IrX _‘-Øn\v ]Icw {]mtZinI k¿Kmfl-IX - I - f- psS Bt«-jØ - n-eqsS cq]w sIm≈p∂ P\m[n-]Xy tI{μo-Ic- Ww F∂-Xn-\mWv AXv Du∂¬ \¬Ip∂-Xv. P\-Iob Bkq-{XWw F∂Xv Hu]-Nm-cn-Ia- mbn Bcw-`n°p-∂Xv ASp-Ø-Im-e-Øm-sW-¶nepw tIc-f-Øn¬ I¿jI {]ÿm-\ß - fpw sXmgn-emfn kwL-S\ - I - fpw "P\ß-fpsS ap≥ssI' F∂ Bibw apsº-Xs∂ apt∂m´p-h® - n-´p-≠v. Irjn `qan Irjn-°mc\v F∂ ap{Zm-hm-Iyhpw sXmgn-em-fn-Iƒ°v hyh-km-bØ - n¬ ]¶m-fnØw F∂ ImgvN∏ - mSpw P\m-[n-]X - y-CS- s- ]-Se- p-IfpsS BZy-Im-eß - 49


_Z¬ tkmjy-en-k-am-Wv, F¥p-sIm≠v?

fn¬ Xs∂ kp]-cn-Nn-X-amb Bi-b-ß-fm-bn-cp∂p. {]kvXpX Bi-bß - sf {]mtbm-Kn-IX - e - Ø - n¬ Hmtcm {]tZ-i-Øn\pw ]mI-amIpw hn[w \S-∏n-em-°m-\p≈ {]h¿Ø-\Ø - n-\mWv P\-Io-bB - k - q-{XW {]ÿm-\w, ]cn-an-Xn-Iƒ°-IØ - p-\n-∂p-sIm≠v t\XrXzw \¬Im≥ {ian-°p-∂X - v. sImtfm-Wn-b¬ B[p-\n-IX - s- °-Xn-scbp≈ ka-cØ - n¬ kz¥w {]tZ-iØv \n∂v ]c-am-h[n i‡n kw`-cn-°pI F∂ ImgvN∏ - mSv CXn-\p-]n-∂n¬ \nd-™p-\n¬°p-∂p. kz¥-am-bX - n-t\m-sS√mw ]p—hpw A\y-am-bX - n-t\m-sS√mw B`n-ap-Jyhpw F∂Xv Hcp P\X-bpsS Pohn-XØ - n\v kw`-hn-°m-hp∂ G‰hpw IqSnb Po¿W-Xb - m-Wv. I™n-sh-≈sØ ssIsbm-gn-°p-Ibpw" tImπm-\n¬' PohnX km^eyw Is≠-Øp-Ibpw sNøp∂-h¿ kz¥w i‡n £bn-∏n-°pbpw kz¥w Ncn{Xw hnkvac- n-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂h - c- m-Wv. "\osbmcp tImπm≥ t_mbv' BsW-¶n¬ Rms\mcp ae-bmfw I™n-°p-´nbm-sW∂v ]d-bm≥ Du°p≈ Xe-apd ChnsS Db¿∂ph-cp-tºmƒ am{Xta ta¬sNm∂ hn[-Øn-ep≈ Po¿WX adn-IS- ° - s- ∏-Sp-Ib - p-≈p. A{Im-aI - a- mb BtKm-fh - ¬°c-W-]-›m-Ø-e-Øn¬ "k¿Km-fl-I-amb {]mtZ-in-IX' F∂ Bi-bØ - n\v apsº-ßp-an-√mØ {]m[m\yw C∂p≠v. k¿Km-flI - a- mb {]mtZ-in-IX F∂Xv "k¶p-Nn-Xamb {]mtZ-in-IX - '-bpsS hn]-co-Xa- m-Wv. k¶p-Nn-Xa- mb {]tZ-in-IX aÆns‚ a°ƒ hmZ-ambn hcp-Ø≥am¿s°Xn-sc-bp≈ sIme-hn-fn-bmbn ]p-dØ - p-\n-∂p-hc- p∂ F√m \∑-It- fm-Sp-ap≈ shdp-∏mbn cq]-s∏-Sp-Ib - m-Wv. F∂m¬ k¿Km-fl-I-amb {]mtZ-in-IX kz¥w {]tZ-i-Øns‚ {]tXy-IX - I - f- n¬ Aa¿∂p-\n-∂p-sIm-≠p-Xs∂ temIØp≈ apgp-h≥ km[y-XI - s- fbpw kzmwio-Ic- n-°p∂ H∂m-Wv. AXp-sIm≠v A{Im-aI - a- mb BtKm-fh - ¬°cWw F√m {]mtZ-inI {]tXy-IX - I - s- fbpw Xn∂psIm≠p-hf- c- p-tºmƒ k¿Km-flIamb {]mtZ-in-IX temIØn-ep≈ F√m \∑-Iƒ°pw hf-cm-\p≈ A\p-Iq-ea- mb ]›mØ-es- am-cp-°p-hm≥ kzbw k÷-am-Ip-Ib - mWv sNøp-∂X - v. Hmtcm {]tZ-ihpw AXns‚ {]tXy-IX - b - n¬ ]q°p-tºm-gmWv temI-samcp ]qt¥m-∏mbn Xocp-∂Xv F∂-Xm-WX - ns‚ {]Xy-bi - m-kv{Xw. AXp-sIm≠v "hnπh-Ic- a- mb tZ-io-bX-bn¬ "\n∂v hocy-am¿Pn®v hnI-kn°p∂ k¿Km-flI - a- mb {]mtZ-in-IX kvt\lm¿{Z-amb km¿h-tZ-io-bX - b - psS {]mW-\m-Wv. BtKm-fh - ¬°-cW - Øn-s\-Xnsc km¿h-tZ-in-bX F∂Xv km£m-XvIc- n-°s∏-Sp-∂Xv k¿Km-flI - a- mb {]mtZ-in-IX F∂ _Z¬ PohnX ]≤Xn apt∂m´p sh°p-tºmƒ am{X-am-Wv. AXp-sIm≠v hnπ-hI - c- a- mb Hcp tZiob t_m[-Øns‚ hnImkw C∂v k¿Km-flI - a- mb {]mtZ-inI hmZ-Øns‚ hf¿®-bp-ambn _‘-s∏-´n-cn-°p∂p F∂ Xncn-®-dnhv P\m-[n-]X - ysØ kw_-‘n-®n-St- Ømfw A¥y¥w A\nhm-cy-am-Wv . BtKm-fh - ¬°-cWw \ΩpsS Pohn-XsØ Htc A®n¬, Htc BIr-Xn-bn¬ HXp-°p-Ib - mWv sNøp∂-Xv. as‰m-cp-hn-[-Øn¬ \sΩ \mwA-√m-Xm°n Xo¿°m≥ \n¿_-‘n-°p-Ib - mWv . kz¥w aÆn¬ thcp\-jvS-s∏´ Hcp P\-Xbv°pw Ncn-{X-Øn¬ \nh¿∂p\n¬°m≥ Ign-bn-√. \nh¿∂p-\n¬°mØ Hcp P\Xbv°pw A[n-Im-csØ t\cn-Sm≥ Ign-bn-√. A[n-ImcsØ \nc-¥cw t\cn-SmsX Hcp P\-Xb - v°pw P\m-[n]-Xy-]c- a- mb PohnXw A\p-`h - n-°m-\m-hn√. AXp-sIm≠v 50

km{am-P yXz IS-∂m-{I-a-W-ßsf XS-b-W-sa-¶n¬ Hmtcm P\-Xb - pw kz¥w {]tXy-IX - I - f- n-te°v k÷o-hambn Xncn-®p-hc- m≥ {ian-°m-sX-hø - ,. B Hcp A¿∞Øn-emWv C∂v km{am-P y-Xz-Øn-s\-Xn- c- mb ka-cØ - n¬ k¿§m-flI - a- mb {]mtZ-in-IX hfsc {][m-\s- ∏´ Hcp kwh¿§-ambn Xocp-∂Xv. Hmtcm {]tZ-iØ - n-s‚bpw P\m-[n-]X - y-t_m[w AXns‚ N´°q-Sn-\I - Ø - p-\n∂v ]c-am-h[n hnI-kn-∏n-°p-tºmƒ kw`hn-°p∂ KpW-]c- a- mb Hcp IpXn-∏ns‚ Npcp-°t- ]-cm-W v "k¿Km-flI {]mtZ-in-IX'. Iøq-cns‚ a°ƒ t]mep≈ kwt_m[\-If- n¬ {Xkn-®p-\n¬°p∂ hnim-eI - m-gvN∏m-Sp-If- psS Hcp s]mXp-th-Zn-bm-WX - v. h≈-tØm-fns‚ ]gb tNmc-Xn-f° - p∂ tIc-fØ - n\v Iosg Bfl-t_m-[ap≈ ae-bm-fn-Iƒ kz¥w {]tZ-iØ - ns‚ ]pXnb t]cpIƒ IqSn Fgp-Xn-tN¿°m≥ Bcw-`n-°p∂ apdbv°v kzmX{¥yKoX-Øn\v i‡n-Iq-Spw. kzXz-t_m[w kPoh-am-Ipw. kzXz-t_m-[s- a-∂Xv k¶p-Nn-Xa- mb kao-]\ - ߃°pw B`n-PmXy {`a-߃°pw Npcp-≠p-In-S° - m-\p≈ ÿe-a√ - , hyXykvX Ncn{X kμ¿`-ßf- n¬ hnI-kn-®p-hcp∂ ka-cK - X - n-If- psS kØ-bm-Wv. "CXm-sWs‚ aÆv' F∂ AKm-[a- mb Xncn-®d- n-thm-sSm∏w "Hcp Xcn-aÆpw Nne-cp-tSXv am{X-as- √∂pw F√m-hc- p-tS-Xp-am-sW∂pw' Is≠-Øp∂ t\c-ßf- n-emWv {]mtZ-inI k¿Km-flI - Xbpw kzXzt_m-[hpw hnI-kn-°p-∂X - v. CØ-cs- amcp P\m-[n-]Xy {]mtZ-in-I-t_m-[-Øns‚ krjvSn-bm-bn´mWv I¿j-I{- ]-ÿm-\Ø - ns‚ t\Xr-Xz-Øn¬ tIc-fØn¬ BZy-ambn hnI-kn® cq]-Øn-ep≈ "IpSpw-_k - wK-aß - ƒ' \S-∂X - v. PmXn°pw aX-Øn-\p-a∏ - pdw \Ωƒ I¿j-I¿, \Ωƒ sXmgn-em-fn-Iƒ F∂ hn[-Øn-ep≈ Xncn-®-dn-hm-bn-cp∂p AXv. CS-t»-cn-bpsS "Iq´p-Irjn'bpw sNdp-Im-Sns‚ "\Ω-sfm-∂p'-t]m-ep≈ IrXn-Iƒ ]¶p-sh-bv°p∂ PohnX ]cn-kc- hpw `mhp-IXz aWvUehpw CØ-cs- am-cp a- p-t∂-‰Ø - ns‚ IY-bmWv Bhn-jvIcn-®X - v. as‰mcp hn[-Øn¬ ]d-™m¬ h¿K-t_m-[sØ i‡n-s∏-SpØpw hn[-ap≈ k¿Km-flI {]mtZ-in-IX - b - mWv, A√msX Xd-hm´p aln-as- b-Ip-dn-®p≈ Ah-t_m[-a√ IpSpw-_k - w-Ka- ß - ƒ°v hgn-sbm-cp-°n-bX - v. P\-Io-b-B-kq-{XWw Acm-jv{So-b-am-sW∂ hne-bn-cpØepw Ahn-Ik - n-Xa- m-Wv. Acm-jv{So-bX F∂Xv hfsc IrXy-ambn Ah-\h - \ - n¬/ Ah-fh - f- n¬ Ah-km-\n-°p∂ Hcp temI-amWv. AXm-bXv X∂n¬ am{X-ambn Xo¿∂pt]m-Ip∂ a\p-jy≥, AXmWv Acm-jv{So-bX hn]p-ea- mb A¿∞-Øn¬ P\-Io-bm-kq-{XWw Cßs\ Ah-\h - \ - nte°v/ Ah-fh - f- n-te°v Npcp-ßp∂ {]{Inb Bbn-cp-∂n√ adn®v AsXmcp kmaq-ly-h¬°-c-W-am-bn-cp-∂p. AXns‚ {]tbm-Kß - f- n¬ ]cn-an-Xn-If- p-≠m-Imw. BXy¥n-Ia- mbn P\-Io-bm-kq-{XWw t]mep≈ P\-Iob CSs]-Se- p-Isf h¿§-ka- c- h - p-ambn IÆntN¿t°≠ _m[yX Iayq-Wn-Ãp-Im-cp-tS-XmWv. AØcw Imcy-߃ hni-Zambn, hna¿i-\m-fl-I-ambn Xs∂ N¿®-sN-tø-≠-XpamWv. Aß-s\-sbmcp N¿®-b√ Db¿∂p-h-cp-∂Xv. CØcw taJ-e-I-fn¬ \n∂ Iayq-Wn-Ãp-Im¿°v AbnØw I¬]n-°p∂ coXn-bn-te°v N¿®-Iƒ sIm≠pt]m-Ip∂Xv˛ BXy-¥n-Ia- mbn he-Xp-]£ - sØ klmbn-°e - m-Wv.  PEOPLE AGAINST GLOBALISATION

BtKm- f - h ¬°- c - W - Ø n- s \- X nsc P\- ß ƒ


_Z¬ tkmjy-en-k-am-Wv, F¥p-sIm≠v?

""Hcp `mKØv A¬]-hn-I-kn-Xm-h-ÿbpw adp-`m-KØv aqe-[-\-Øns‚ \nc-¶p-iamb IpØn-sbm-gp°pw XymK-߃ kln-°m-\p≈ Hcp ]cn-h¿Ø\w Akm-[yam- ° n- X o¿Øn- c n- ° p- ∂ p. kmº- Ø nI ASn- Ø d ]Sp- Ø p- - b ¿Øp- ∂ - X n- t e°v C\nbpw F{Xtbm Zqcw t]mIm-\p-≠v. {ZpX-K-Xn-bn-ep≈ A`n-hr-≤n-bpsS Ne\m-fl-I-amb A®p-X≠v `uXnI Xm¬]-cy-amWv F∂ hyh-ÿm-]nX am¿K-Øn¬ IqSn-Øs∂ Ncn-°m-\p≈ {]tem-`\w hfsc IqSp-X-em-Wp-Xm-\pw.. acwsIm≠v ImSp-Im-Wm-bvI F∂ A]-I-S-ap≠v. \sΩ apX-em-fn-Ø-hp-ambn _‘n-∏n-°p∂ ]g-©≥ D]-I-c-W-߃ sIm≠v (Nc-°mWv kmº-ØnI ASn-ÿm-\w. AXns\ Nen-∏n-°m-\p≈ DtØm-eIw em`-am-Wv, AYhm hy‡n-]-c-amb `uXnI t\´-amWv). tkmjy-enkw t\Sm-sa∂ anYym-k-¶¬]hpw sh®p-sIm-≠p≈ \o°w \sΩ e£y-Øn-se-Øn-°p-I-bn-√. am{X-a√ Ahn-Sw-sXm´v Zo¿LZqcw \n߃ bm{XsN-øp∂p, Gsd Xncp-hp-Ifpw , Ih-e-Ifpw IS-∂p-t]m-Ip-∂p, AXp-aqew FhnsS sh®mWv \n߃°v hgn-sX-‰n-b-sX∂v a\- n-em-°m≥ Xs∂ {]bm-k-am-bn-Xocp-∂p. cq]w-sIm≠ kmº-ØnI ASn-Ød t_m[-Øns‚ hf¿®sb A´n-a-dn°pI F∂-]-Wnbpw apºp-Xs∂ sNbvXp-I-gn-™n-cn-°p-∂p.. IΩyq-Wnkw sI´n]-Sp-°m≥ ]pXnb a\p-jys\ hm¿sØSp-°-Ww. ]pXnb kmº-ØnI ASn-Ød D≠m-°Ww.'' ˛ sN Kp-thc

C¥y tXßp-Ib - m-W.v .... BtKm-fh - ¬°-cW - Ø - ns‚ Hcp hymg-h´w Hcp P\-Iob hnNm-cW tZiob sXc-s™-Sp-∏ns\ cmjv{Sob ka-c-am-°p-hm-\p≈ i‡-amb Iymº-bn≥ sa‰o-cn-b¬ ]n.-F-Pn. _p≈-‰n≥ {]tXyI ]pkvX-Iw-˛5 DS≥ {]kn- ≤ o- I - c n- ° p- ∂ p. tIm∏n-Iƒ tZim-`n-am\n _p°v lukp-I-fn¬ e`n°pw

t]mcm-´ß - ƒ t{]mPvea- m-°p∂ ka-cm-bp-[ß - ƒ hy‡-amb {]Xy-b-imkv{X ]cn-t{]-£-tØm-sS kam-l-cn®v FØn-°p-I-bmWv ]n.-F,-Pn. _p≈-‰n≥ sNøp-∂X - v. _p≈‚ ns‚ hm¿jnI hcn-kwJy 50 cq]-bmWv ]n.-F.-Pn. hcn-°mcpw {]Nm-cI - c - p-am-hm≥ kplr-Øp-°t- fmSpw, kJm-°tfmSpw hn\-b] - q¿Δw A`y¿∞n-°p∂p. I¨ho-\¿, ]n.-F.-Pn. \¿Ω-Z, tImgn-t°m-Sv-˛10 Edited printed & Published by AJAYAN K., Convenor, People Against Globalisation for and on behalf of Kerala State General Insurance Employees Union and LIC Employees Union, Caliuct. Vol - 1, Issue No. 3&4, Dec. & Jan. 2004. Mg. Editor : Ramesh Kumar, DTP & Layout : DataCare,Clt., Printed at : Kairali Offset Prints, Calicut Not for Sale or Profit. Suggested Contribution : Rs. 10/PEOPLE AGAINST GLOBALISATION

BtKm- f - h ¬°- c - W - Ø n- s \- X nsc P\- ß ƒ

51


AXn\v kaq- l sØ BsI- X - s ∂, Hcp ]Sp-Iq-‰≥ kvIqfm-°n -amt‰≠n-bn-cn-°p-∂p........

"hkvXp\njvTa- mb Hc-`n-em-j-amWv, km[nX{]mb-amb Hc`n-em-j-a√, F∂n-cn°nepw \mw 21mw \q‰m-≠n-se a\p-jy-s\-bmWv krjvSn-t°-≠-Xv. Npcp-°-Øn¬ \ΩpsS {]hr-Øn-I-fpsS auenI e£y-ß-fn-sem∂v ASpØ \q‰m-≠nse Cu a\pjy-\mWv. ssk≤m-¥nI Xe-Øn¬ \mw hy‡-amb hnPbw t\Sp-∂-Xns\ Bkv]Zam°n-bmWv˛ As√-¶n¬, t\sc adn®v \ΩpsS hy‡-amb Kth-j-W-ß-fpsS ASnÿm-\-Øn¬ AXn-hn-im-e-amb ssk≤m-¥nI \nK-a-\-ß-fn¬ \mw FØn-t®-cp-∂Xns\ Bkv]-Zam°nbm-Wv˛ am¿Ivknkw se\n-\n-k-Øn-\v; am\-h-tem-I-Øn-\pXs∂ \mw Hcp AXn-{]-[m-\-amb kw`m-h\ \¬Ip-∂-Xv."

- b - psS IWn-I-sb-¶nepw D≠m-bm¬a-Xn, _lp-P-\-ß-fn¬ "Hu]m-Nm-cn-IX \n∂pw hy‡n-I-fn¬ \n∂pw \Ωƒ H‰s∏-t´°pw; ]mc-X-{¥y-ß-fn¬ \n∂v a\pjys\ tamNn-∏n-°pI F∂ BXy-¥n-Ihpw ]c-{]-[m-\-hp-amb hnπ-hm-Z¿i-Øn¬ \n∂v AXv \ΩpsS {i≤ Xncn-®p-hn-t´-°pw"

"AXn-\m¬ P\-ßsf DW¿Øn AWn-\n-c-Øp-∂-Xn\v icnbmb D]m[n sXcs™-Sp-°pI F∂Xv hfsc AXym-h-iy-am-Wv. ASn-ÿm-\-]-c-ambn ]d™m¬ Cu D]m[n [m¿ΩnI kz`m-h-ap-≈-Xm-Wv. F∂m¬ AXns‚ `uXnI {]Xn-I-c-W-sØ, {]tXy-In®pw kmaq-lnI kz`mhsØ, th≠ hn[w {]tbm-P\ - s- ∏-Sp-Øm≥ H´pw Xs∂ Aew`mhw ImWn-°-cpXv . hn\m-i-Øns‚ \mfp-I-fn¬ [m¿an-I-amb {]XnI-c-W-ap-≠m-°pI Ffp-∏-am-Wv. F∂m¬ Ah-bpsS ^ew \ne-\n¿Øp-∂-Xn\v t_m[-Øns‚ hf¿® AXym-h-iy-am-Wv.. AXn\v kaq-lsØ BsI-X-s∂, Hcp ]Sp-Iq-‰≥ kvIqfm-°n -amt‰≠n-bn-cn-°p-∂p"

˛sN Kp-thc˛

P E O P L E A G A I N S T G L O B A L I S A T I O N BtKm-f-h¬°-c-W-Øn-s\-Xnsc P\-߃ Suggested Contribution : Rs. 10/-

24_25  

http://pagkerala.org/images/Archives/24_25.pdf

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