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aqe-[-\-Øns‚ hnf-bm´w h¿§o-b-X-bpsS IqSn-bm-´-am-hp-tºmƒ Htc IS-en¬ Hcp-an®p \o¥nbpw ao≥]n-Sn®pw Pohn-®p-h∂ amdms´ a’y-sXm-gn-em-fnIƒ F¥n-\m-bn-cp∂p ]c-kv]cw s]m´n-®n-Xd- n-bXpw Acn-™p-ho-gvØn-bXpw....? Iqenbpw tPmenbpw Pohn-Xhpw \ntj-[n-°p-∂X - n-s\-Xnsc H∂n-®p-]S- s- bm-cp°w \StØ-≠h - ¿; sXmgn-emfn kwL-S\ - I - ƒ cq]o-Ic- n-°p-∂X - n\p ]Icw "Ac-bk - a- m-Phpw al√v IΩn-‰nbpw' D≠m°n shdp∏ns‚ hnj-Pew tImcn-°p-Sn®v At\ym\yw sIm∂psIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂X - v F¥n-\mWv....? 2002 P\p-hc- n-bn¬ XoI-Øn-]S- ¿∂-t∏mƒ tImgn-t°ms´ ]uc-ka- qlw kvt\lhpw kulr-Zhpw sIm≠v , AXv XWp-∏n-®X - t- √? F∂n-´pw A·n sISp-ØmsX Nne¿ sIm≠p \S-∂Xv BcpsS \∑ \nd™ `mhnbv°v th≠n-bm-bn-cp∂p.....? sIm∂-hcpw sIm√-s∏-´h - cpw (G-dnb ]¶pw) ISpØ {Inan-\e - p-If- m-bn-cp∂psh∂v t]meokv tcJ-Iƒ sXfnhv \¬Ip-tºmgpw Hcp Iq´-°p-cp-Xn-°mbn au\m-\p-hmZw \¬In-bh - ¿ Bscm-s°-bm-bn-cp-∂p......? sXcp-hn-semcp t]mÿ ]Xn-°m-t\m, ssat{Im-t^m-Wn-eqsS h¿Ø-am\w ]d-bmt\m ]uc-ka- q-lØ - n\v A\p-aXn \ntj-[n-°p∂ `c-WI - qSw, ap…nw aX-hn-izm-kn-Is- f-bmsI Xo{h-hm-Zn-If- m-°p∂ h¿§o-bh - njw IpØn-\n-d® t]mÃ-dp-Iƒ tIc-fa- msI ]Xn-°pIbpw sNøptºmƒ; au\-Øns‚ hmflo-IØ - n¬ Hfn-®n-cn-°p-∂Xv BcpsS \∑bv°v th≠n-bm-Wv....? \memƒ tN¿∂v sXcp-hn¬ PmY \S-Øm-t\m, kz¥w Iqen ths≠∂v sh®v sXmgnemfn kacw sNømt\m ]mSn-s√∂v B⁄m-]n-°p-Ibpw; AS-ßn-bn-s√-¶n¬ ASn-s®mXp-°p-Ibpw Np´p-sIm-√p-Ibpw sNøp∂Xn¬ A`n-am-\n-°p∂ BtKm-fh - n-Ik - \ \bß-fpsS hn\o-XZ- m-k≥ F.-sI. B‚Wn; B¿.-Fk - v.F - k - v.I - m¿s°mcp {Kmaw Xs∂ "]Xn-®p-'sIm-Sp-Øn´v AhnsS IS-∂p-sN-√m≥ Ah-tcmSvv "hnk' Cc∂p hmßp-∂Xv F¥psIm-≠mWv ? AXn-Zm-cp-Wa- m-sbmcp Iq´-°p-cpXn \nan-jm¿∞w sIm≠v \n¿Δ-ln-°m-\mhpw hn[w Icp-Øp-≈h - c- mWv sIme-bm-fn-Is- f∂v sXfn-™n´pw, Bbp-[ß - ƒ Bcm-[\ - m-eb - ß - fn¬ Ip∂p-Iq-´p-∂p-sh∂v hfsc ap≥t] Adn-™n´pw, Ip‰-hm-fn-Isf btYjvSw tabm≥ A\p-hZ- n® `c-WI - qSw BcpsS Z√mƒ ]Wn-bmWv \nd-th-‰n-s°m-≠n-cn-°p∂Xv....? "lnμp'h - n\v B¿.-Fk - v.F - k - v. \¬Ip∂ \n¿Δ-N\ - Ø - n¬ A[x-ÿn-Xcpw a’yw ]nSn®v hn¬°p-Ibpw Ign-°p-Ibpw sNøp∂ Ac-b¿; Gg-be - Øv t]mepw hcn-s√-¶nepw

F¥mWv IS¬a-W¬ J\\w!  Pew, sshZypXn, `qan F∂nh k¿°m¿ 25 h¿j-tØ°v kuP-\y-ambn \¬In sIm≠v Xncp-h\ - ¥ - ] - pcw, Be-∏pg, Fd-Wm-Ipfw, tImgnt°mSv , IÆq¿ Xoc- ß ƒ hn¬°p- I - b mWv k¿°m¿ ]≤Xn! ]T-\hpw {]h¿Ø-\hpw "amcnssSw' F∂ Iº\n Be-∏p-g-bn¬ Bcw`n®p Ign-™p-sh∂v dnt∏m¿´p-Iƒ ]dbp∂p!  IS-ens‚ apIƒ]-c-∏n¬ \n∂pw 30 apX¬ 40 hsc ao‰¿ Bg-Øn¬; \n¿Ωm-W{]h¿Ø-\߃°m-h-iy-amb aW¬ Ds≠∂v ]T-\-߃ ]d-bp∂p. IS-en¬ 50 ao‰¿ Bgw hsc-bp≈ Xoc-{]-tZ-i-ØmWv tIc-f-Ønse a¬ky-hn-`-hØns‚ 78 iX-am\w D≈Xv (5.71 e£w S¨).  IS¬a-W¬ J\-\s - a-∂m¬ CtX Bg-ap≈ ISense aWepw sNfnbpw tImcn-sb-SpØv, aW¬ IgpIn sNfn IS-en¬ X≈p-I-bmWv.  80% a’y- ß - f psS Bhmk hyh- ÿ bpw, a’y sXmgn-em-fn-I-fpsS AXn-Po-h-\hpw ISens‚ ImWm-°-b-ß-fn-te°v A£-cm¿∞Øn¬ hen-s®-dn-b-s∏Spw!  k-º∂ cmPy-ß-fpsS IS¬ Xoc-sams° kpc£n-Xa - mWv. Ah¿ a’yw ]nSn®v ]m°-‰n-em°n \ΩpsS IS¬Xo-cØv sIm≠p hnX-cWw sNøptºmƒ \ap-°Xv hmßn Xn∂m-sa-∂v Npcp°w.

Contd....2

P E O P L E

A G A I N S T

G L O B A L I S A T I O N

BtKm-f-h¬°-c-W-Øn-s\-Xnsc

P\-߃

t]Pp-I-fn¬  aqe-[-\-Øns‚ hnf-bm´w, h¿§o-b-X-bpsS IqSn-bm-´-am-hp-tºmƒ.... t]Pv 1 - 3

 \Zo kwtbm-b-P\ ]≤-Xn;

C¥y-bpsS Xodm[mcw... 4 - 8

 em‰n-\-ta-cn° Nph-°p∂p...

s]mfn™p t]mb {]Xn-hn-πhw 10

 {^m≥kn¬ t]mcm-´-ß-fpsS alm-{]-hmlw 11-12  icn-bmWv, ka-c-߃     

samØ-°-®-h-S-Øn\v XS- -amWv 12 ]w‡n-Iƒ InW-dp-sh≈w Ip∏n-sh-≈-am-Ip∂ ]cn-Wm-a-imkv{Xw (A-—\pw aI-fpw) 7 BtKm-f-h¬°-c-W-Øns‚ hymg-h´w ; Hcp t]mÃvam¿´w 8-9 hn‰p-Xo-cp∂ C¥y, \m¬tIm 9 {]Xn-I-c-W-߃..... k: {]Imiv Imcm´v Fgp-Xp∂p 11 hmb-\-°m-tcmSv hn\-b-]q¿Δw 3

PAG Bulletin ‘NARMADA’, CALICUT - 673 010

IS-∏mSv, amXr-`qan

20


aqe-[-\-Øns‚ hnf-bm´w h¿§o-b-X-bpsS IqSn-bm-´-am-hp-tºmƒ Xß-fpsS h¿§ob AP-≠b - n¬ Ahsc tIm¿Øn-W°n "lnμp-'hm-°p-∂Xv F¥n-\p-th≠n-bm-Wv.....? cmjv{Shpw {]Ir-Xnbpw ]pgbpw F√mw hn‰p-s]-dp-°p∂ _n.-sP.-]n. `c-WI - q-SØ - n-s\-Xnsc Zim-_vZØ - nse G‰hpw henb P\-Iob t]mcm-´Ø - n\v (2003 sabv 21) IrXyw aq∂mgvN apºv AXn-`o-Ic- a- m-sbmcp Iq´-°p-cpXn Bkq-{XWw sNbvXv \S-∏m-°n-bh - ¿ BcpsS ktμi-hp-am-sb-Ønb Ip™m-Sp-If- m-bn-cp-∂p...? temIw I≠ G‰hpw henb atX-Xc- h - m-Zn-bmb Ph-l¿em¬ s\l-dp-hns‚ \ma-t[-bØ - n¬ "sslμh ss]XrI's- Ø-°p-dn®pw "kyqtUm sk°p-ed- p-Isf"° - p-dn®pw ]T-\I - ym-ºp-If- psS ]c-ºc \S-Øm≥ JP-\m-hn¬ \n∂v ]W-sam-gp-°p∂Xv (s\lvdp bphIv tI{μ) ]uc-kaqlw I≠n-s√∂v \Sn-°p-∂Xv F¥p-sIm-≠v.......? IS-ense ao\pw XocsØ aWepw samØ-I® - h - Sw sNøp∂-hc- pw, Bg-°S- e - n¬ hntZi bm\-߃°v ao≥ ]nSn-°m\pw kwkvIc- n®v IS-Øm\pap≈ A\p-aXn \ - ¬Ip-∂h - cpw Acb-∑m-cpsS Bfl-an-{X-ßf- m-hp-∂X - ns‚ s]mcp-sf-¥m-Wv....? sXmgn-emfn h¿§sØ Ic-bv°n-cp-Øm\pw ASn-s®m-Xp-°m\pw hn`-hß - ƒ sIm≈-bS- n®v JP-\mhv tNm¿Øm-\pw, eoKpw tIm¨{K pw, _n.-sP.-]nbpw F∂v hyXym-ka- n-√msX sFIys∏-Sm-sa∂v Hcp-\qdv h´w sXfn-bn-®h - ¿ GXp h¿§ Xm¬]-cy-amWv ImØp kq£n-°p-∂Xv? AsX ]Wnbpw ]Wn-im-eI - fpw ISepw IS-ense hn`-hß - fpw X´n-sb-Sp-°p-∂h - ¿ Xs∂bmWv Ac-bk - a- m-Phpw al√v IΩn-‰n-bp-ap-≠m°n AXn-Po-h\ ka-cß - ƒ A´n-ad- n-°m≥ Bfl-lX - ym-kvtIm-Up-If- p-≠m-°p-∂X - v. Ac-b\ - pw, apkveoapw Htc c‡-ap≈ a\p-jy-cmbn ]cn-Wa- n-°p-∂X - v X-Sbm≥ aXn-ep-Iƒ sI´n Db¿Øp-∂Xv. atX-Xc- sc∂v BW-bn-´p-sIm≠v BƒssZ-hß - f- psS Ac-a\ - b - n¬ Ae™p Xncn-bp-Ibpw; ]ptcm-Ka- \ hmZn-Is- f-∂`- n-am-\n®v ^yqU-en-kØ - ns‚ sNfn-]p-c≠ BNm-cß - f- n¬ sI´n-ad- nbp-Ibpw; hnπ-hI - m-cn-Is- f∂v Ae-ap-db - n´v {]Xn-hn-πh - ß - f- psS kl-bm-{Xn-Ic- mbn abßn Dd-ßp-Ib - pw, km{am-PyXz hncp-≤s- c∂v kzbw ap{Zbpw N - m¿Øn AXn-kº - ∂ - c- psS sIm´mc-ßs- f-°p-dn®v kz]v\ß - fpw s\bvXv \S-∂p-\o-ßp-∂h - c- psS Cu \m´n¬, amdm-Sv, Hcp kwkvIr-Xn-bpsS apgp-h≥ Xnc-kvIm-ca- m-sW∂v Xncn-®d- n-bp-hm\pw CS-s]-Sm-\pw, Ft∏mgpw IÆp-Xp-d∂ - n-cn-°p∂ Hcp ]uc-ka- q-lØ - n\v t]mepw Gsd Imew th≠n hcpw!

PEOPLE AGAINST GLOBALISATION BtKm-f-h¬°-c-W-Øn-s\-Xnsc P\-߃

a’ys- Øm-gn-em-fn-Iƒs°Xn-sc `c-WI - q-Sw h¿j-Imew apgp-h≥ a’y-_-‘\\ntcm-[\w \S-∏m-°pw. Xoc-tZi kwc-£W \nbaw \S-∏m-°pw. (Xoc-tZ-iØv bmsXmcp \n¿ΩmW {]h¿Ø- \ - t- _m´pIƒ°v a’y-_‘ - \ - hpw \hpw ]mSn√)  hntZi a’y-_‘ - nse kwkvIcWhpw ]pdw IS-en¬ sh®v \S-Øm≥ A\p-aX - n. tIc-fØ Xoc-°-S-en¬ \n∂pw 50 e£w S¨ IS¬ aW¬ Du‰n-sb-Sp-°m≥ A\pa-Xn. 3 h¿jw apºv asÆ-Æbv°v 2 cq] 80 ss]k-bm-bn-cp∂p en‰dn\v hne. C∂v am¿°-‰n¬ 25 cq]. a’y-sXm-gn-em-fn-I-fpsS asÆ-ÆbpsS s]mXp-hn-X-c-W-tIm´ AXn-`o-a-ambn sh´n-°p-d-®p. a’y-sXmgn-em-fn-I-fpsS t£a-\n-[n- {]-h¿Ø-\-c-lnXw c≠v e£w a’y-sXm-gn-em-fn-Iƒ ˛ Ah-tcXv aX hn-`m-K-°m-cm-bmepw, - ƒ AanX-Nq-jWw \SØn A\m-YXzw G‰p-hm-ßp-∂p..... IS¬ hn`-hß sIm≈-bSn°p∂ IpØ-Ia - p-Xe - m-fn-am¿ em`w Ip∂p-Iq-´p-∂p..... {]Xnh¿jw 6 e£w S¨ a’y-amWv 2 e£w sXmgn-em-fn-Is - f-s°m≠v tIcfw - Ø - ns‚ 25 iXtiJ-cn-°p-∂X - v.... C¥ybpsS samØw a’y-D¬]m-Z\ am\w, 590 Intem-ao-‰¿ IS¬Øo-ca - p≈ Cu kwÿm-\Ø - ns‚ kw`m-h\ - bm-Wv. cmPy-Øns‚ a’y-Ib - ‰- p-aX - n-bpsS 27 iX-am-\w!

]n.-F.-Pn. _p≈-‰n≥ c≠mw hm¿jnI ]Xn-∏ns‚ c≠mw `mKw Pq¨ Ahkm\hmcw {]kn-≤o-I-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv. apºv ]d-™-Xn¬ \n∂v hyXy-kvXambn "Nhn- ´ n- b - c - ° - s ∏- S m≥ Ip\n- ™ p- s Im- S p- ° p∂ tIcfw' F∂-XmWv hnj-bw. IqSmsX Pe-kz-Im-cy-h¬°-c-W-Øns‚ A\p-`-hßfpw {]Xym-Lm-X-ßfpw kºq¿Æ-ambn CXn¬ NnI-s™-Sp-°p-∂p. t]Pv -˛ 100, hne ˛ 20 cq] 2

Ah¿ aÆn\v hne-bn-´p-I-gn-™p; \ap°pw [mXp-a-W¬ J\\w Xmßm-\p≈ tijn tIcf-Ønse P\-\n-_n-U-amb Xoc-tZ-i-߃°n-√. Be-∏pg Pn√-bn¬ Xr°p-∂-∏pg, Bdm-´p-]pg ]©m- b - Ø p- I - f n- e mWv Xocp- a m- \ n- ° - s ∏´ L\\w \S-°p-I. Cu {]tZ-i-Øns‚ Hcp hiØv Imbepw adp-h-iØv IS-ep-am-Wv. CXn\n-S-bn¬ Nnd t]mep≈ Icbv°v ]c-am-h[n hoXn 1 Intem-ao-‰-dm-Wv. th\¬°m-eØpw ISem-{I-aWw \S-°p∂ IS¬Øo-c-amWv Chn-SptØ-Xv. 2 coXn-bn-emWv aW¬L-\\w \S-ØpI. IS¬ XocØv ASn-bp∂ aW¬ hmcn-sbSp-°p-Ib - mWv Hcp coXn. "_o®v hmjv' F∂mWv CXn-\n´ Hma-\-t]-cv. henb Ipg¬ IS-en-en¬ XmgvØn J\\w sNbvXv aW¬ tiJ-cn-°p∂ coXn-bmWv c≠m-a-tØ-Xv. (ko∏v ssa\n-ßv). Cßs\ tiJ-cn-°p∂ aW-en¬ \n∂v C¬ass\‰v D¬]m-Zn-∏n-°p-I-bmWv [mXp-a-W¬ L\-\-]-≤-Xn-bpsS e£yw. h¿j-Øn¬ 1 e£w sa{SnIv S¨ C¬a-ss\‰v BWs{X D¬]m-Z\ e£yw. CXn-\p-th≠n Ipd-™Xv 5 e£w S¨ aW¬ Cu {]tZ-iØv \n∂pw hmcn-sb-Sp-°-Ww. Hcp Znhkw 100 temdn aÆv Xoc-Øp-\n-s∂-Sp-°-W-sa∂v Npcp-°w. ^eØn¬ Hcp `q{]-tZiw apgp-h-\mbn s]m¥n-s®SpØv sIm≠p-t]m-hp-I-bmWv sNøp-∂-Xv. tIcf-K-h¨sa‚ns‚ "hnI-k\AP-≠'-bn¬ `qanbpsS samØ°N-hSw Xs∂-bmWv AS-ßn-bncn-°p-∂-sX∂v a\- n-em-°nb Xoc-tZ-i-hm-knIƒ s]m-´n-sØ-dn-®p-sh∂pw {]Xn-tj-[ß - f - psS HSp-ßmØ Bchw IS¬ Cc-º-ens\ adn-I-S°pw-hn[w D®-Ønemsb∂pamWv hm¿Ø. `cWIqS Z√mƒ]S Iº-\n-bp-S-a-ÿ-sc-sIm-≠pXs∂ Hcp ]T\w \S-Øn°m≥ Xocp-am-\n-®Xns‚ ]n∂nse IY-bm-Wn-Xv. AXv ¢®v ]nSn°p-∂n-s√-∂m-b-t∏mƒ ]≤Xn s]mXp-kz-Imcy kwbp‡ kwcw`-am-sW-∂m-bn-cp∂p adp-]-Sn. CXv s]mbvsam-gn-bm-WvXm-\pw. `qan-bpsS Hcp IjvWw apdn-®p-sIm-≠p-t]mIp∂ aW¬J-\-\-]-≤-Xn-s°-Xnsc tIc-famsI {]Xn-tj-[-ap-b¿∂p-h-tc-≠-Xm-Wv. Bdm´p-]g - b - n-em-cw-`n® J\\w tIc-fØ - ns‚ hS-t°A-‰w hsc \S-Øn-bmepw aXn-h-cmØ aqe-[\-Xm¬]-cy-ap≈ apX-em-fn-Ø-amWv NcSv hen°p-∂X - v. BtKm-fa - p-Xe - m-fn-Øt- XmSv H´n-tN¿∂v Z√mƒ]-Wn-sb-Sp-°p∂ tIm¨{K- n\pw _n.sP.-]n-°psam∏w \n∂psIm≠v kz¥w aÆv kwc-£n-°m-\p≈ kacw \S-Øn-bm¬ hnP-bn°m-ØXv AXp-sIm-≠m-Wv. Ah¿ aÆn∂v hnebn-´p-I-gn-™p; H∏w \ap-°pw.


aqe-[-\-Øns‚ hnf-bm´w h¿§o-b-X-bpsS IqSn-bm-´-am-hp-tºmƒ

amdmSv kw`-hn-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂X - v......

hmb-\°m-tcmSv hn\-b-]q¿Δw

am-Wv. t]mcm-´-߃ t{]m÷z-ehpw A¿∞]q¿Æ-hp-am-°m≥ klm-bn-°p∂ hnh-c-߃ hy‡- a mb {]Xyb- i mkv{X ]cn- t {]£ytØmsS kam-l-cn-s®-Øn-°p-I-bmWv R߃ sNøp-∂-Xv. ]e kwL-S-\-Ifpw {]kn≤o-I-c-W-ßfpw ]n.-F.-Pn. _p≈-‰n≥ hnhn[ cq]- Ø n¬ ]p\x- { ]- k n- ≤ o- I - c n- ° p- ∂ p- ≠ v . Aßs\ sNøp-tºmƒ "]n.-F.-Pn. _p≈-‰n\n¬ \n∂v FSp-ØXv' F∂v ASn-°p-dn∏v sImSp-°p-sa-¶n¬ Rß-fpsS {]h¿Ø-\sØ-°p-dn®v AXns‚ hmb-\-°m¿°v Adnbm-\p≈ Ah-k-c-ap-≠m-Ipw.  ASp-Ø-h¿jw Hcp tZiob sXc-s™-Sp∏v hcn- I - b m- W v . BtKm- f - h ¬°- c - W - Ø n\v FXn-sc-bp≈ P\-lnX ]cn-tim-[-\-bmbn Cu sXc-s™-Sp∏v kacsØ ]cn-h¿Ø-\s∏-Sp-Øm≥ Bh-iy-amb Iymº-bn≥ sa‰ocn-b-ep-Iƒ; aq¿®-bp≈ `mj-bn¬; kº-∂amb D≈- S - ° - t ØmsS; lrZ- b - Ø n¬ ]Xnbpw hn[w kam-l-cn-°p-hm≥ R߃ {ian-°p-∂-Xm-Wv. kwL-S\m {]h¿Ø-Icpw sXmgn- e m- f n- I fpw ]n.- F .- P n. _pf- ‰ n≥ hcn°mcpw {]Nm- c - I - c p- a m- h m≥ R߃ A`y¿∞n-°p-∂p.  Cu e°w apX¬ Nne ÿncw ]w‡n-Iƒ Bcw`n-°p-I-bm-Wv. Ahbv°v A\p-Kp-W-amb "Iym]vkyqƒ hnh-c-W-߃' (Ah-iy-amb am‰w hcp-Øp-hm-\p≈ A\p-a-Xn-tbmsS) Ab-®pX-∂m¬ kºm-Z-I-cpsS t]cn¬ Xs∂ Ah {]kn-≤o-I-cn-°p-∂-Xm-Wv. BtKm-f-h¬°-cWhpw h¿§ob ^mkn-khpw kw_-‘n-®p≈ {]iv\ß - ƒ s]mXp-{i-≤b - n¬ sIm≠p-hc - m≥ klm- b - I - a mb \nß- f psS tNmZy- ß fpw R߃°-b-°p-I.  _p≈-‰n≥ c≠mw hm¿jn-I-]-Xn-∏ns‚ c≠mw `mKw {]kn-≤o-I-cn-°p-hm≥ hfsc sshIn-bXn¬ tJZn-°p-∂p. Pq¨ Ah-km\ hmcw CXv {]kn-≤o-I-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv. apºv ]d-™-Xn¬ \n∂v hyXy-kvX-ambn "Nhn-´n-b-cn-°-s∏-Sm≥ Ip\n-™p-sIm-Sp-°p∂ tIcfw' F∂-XmWv hnj-bw. IqSmsX Pe-kz-Im-cy-h¬°-c-WØns‚ A\p-`-h-ßfpw {]Xym-Lm-X-ßfpw CXn¬ NnI-s™-Sp-°p-∂p. \qdv t]Pp≈ Cu ]pkvXI - Ø - n\v 20 cq]-bmWv hne. hm¿jnI hcn-°m¿ 20 cq]-bpsS Ãmºv Ab-®m¬ ]pkvXIw Ab®p Xcp-∂X - m-Wv.  _p≈-‰n≥ hm¿jnI hcn-kwJy 50 cq]-bm-sW∂-dn-bm-a-t√m. kplr-Øp-°-sfbpw kJm-°sfbpw ]n.-F.-Pn. hcn-°m-cm-hm≥ t{]cn-∏n-°phm≥ Rß-f-`y¿∞n-°p-∂p. H∏w \nß-fpsS A`n-{]m-b-ßfpw IØp-Ifpw {]Xn-I-c-Wßfpw Fgp-Xp-I. I¨ho-\¿, ]n.-F.-Pn., \¿Ω-Z, Icp-hn-t»-cn, tImgn-t°mSv ˛ 10, t^m¨ : 0495 - 2374666

C°pdn amdmSv Acn-™phogvØn-bXv 9 t]¿. Ign™ P\p-hc- n-bn¬ 6. Ch-cn¬ Iptd t]¿ lnμp-°fpw _m°n ap…n-ap-Ifpw Bbn-cp-∂p-hs- {X. AsX-¥m-bmepw F√m-hcpw IS-en¬ \n∂v ao≥]n-Sn®v P - o-hn-®h - tcm Ah-cpsS IpSpw-_mw-Kß - tfm Bbncp-∂p. Ign™ P\p-hc- n-bn¬ H‰ cm{Xn sIm≠v 90 hoSp-Iƒ AhnsS IØn-ba- ¿∂p. kam-[m\ IΩn‰n-Ifpw Zpcn-Xm-izm-khpw t\mhv ]¶p-sh-°epw \S-∂p. sabv 2\v kmbm-”Ø - n¬ 10 an\n-‰n¬ 9 t]sc sImØn-ho-gvØn-bXv Bkq-{Xn-Xa- mbn \S-Ønb Iq´-s°m-eb - m-bn-cp-∂p. ]cn-io-e\w In´nb ap…ow Xo{h-hm-Zn-If- psS AXn-km-lk - w. C°pdn km¥z-\n-∏n-°m≥ sN∂-hsc acn-®h - c- psS "c£n-Xm-°ƒ' (A-cb - k - a- m-Pw) aS-°n- Ab®p. amdmSv Hcp kzX-{¥-cm-Py-am-sW∂pw AXns‚ `c-Wm-[n-Im-cn-Iƒ Xß-fm-sW∂pw Ah¿ ]d-bp∂p! Cu kwÿm-\Ø - ns‚ apJy-a{- ¥n-°vt]mepw 3 aWn-°q¿ \o≠ N¿®-Iƒ°v tijamWv Ah-cpsS cmPy-Øn-te-s°mcp "hnk' In´n-bX - v! hm Xpd-°n-s√∂pw Xpd-∂m¬ Xs∂ Xs‚ \mhv \n¿÷o-ha- m-bn-cn-°p-sa∂pw At±lw Dd-∏p-sIm-Sp-Øn-´mWv A\p-aXn In´n-bs- X∂v am≤ya-߃ Fgp-Xn. t]mb-hs- c√mw Ac-bk - a- m-PØ - ns‚ A\p-aXn hmßn-bmWv AhnsS t]mb-Xv. A\p-hm-Za- n-√msX t]mb-hsc Ah¿ XS-™p, Xncn-®b - ® - p. Hcp amk-Øn\p tijhpw amdmSv "kzX-{¥-cm-jv{S-ambn' XpS-cp-∂p. 600¬ ]cw hoSp-If- p≈ Cu XocØv B¿.-Fk - v.F - k - pImc-√m-Øh - ¿°v IS∂v sN√m-\m-hn-√s- {X. Hcp `mcX ]uc≥ F∂ \ne-bn¬ \nß-fpsS Ah-Im-iß - ƒ amdm-Sns‚ AXn¿Øn-bn¬ Ah-km-\n-°p-∂psh∂v kmcw. amdmSv \n∂pw sabv 2\v Xs∂ 300¬]cw ap…nw IpSpw_߃ Hgn-™p-t]m-bn. Nmen-bØpw IS-ep-≠n-bn-ep-sam-s°-bp≈ _‘p-°f- psS ho´n¬ Ah-cn-t∏mgpw A`-bm¿∞n-If- m-Wv. amdms´ ^nj-dokv kvIqfn¬ \n∂v 100¬]cw Ip´n-Iƒ Sn.-kn. hmßn-t]m-bn-cn-°p-∂p. ap…ow-߃ aSßn hcm≥ ]mSn-s√∂v Ac-bk - a- mPw hnfw-ºcw sNbvXn-´p-≠v. ap…ow-ßf- psS hoSp-Ifpw hkvXp-hI-Ifpw "I≠p-sI´n' Acbkam-PØ - ns‚ JP-\m-hn¬ hchp sh°p-sa∂v kmcw. amdmSv t]meo-kp-s≠-¶nepw Ah¿ lnμp-]c- n-hm-cØ - ns‚ B⁄-Iƒ°v hnt[-bc- m-Wv. At\zjWw \S-°p-∂ps≠¶nepw {][m\ {]Xn-Isf C\nbpw ]nSn-°m-\m-hm-ØXv amdm-Sn\v ]pd-Øp≈ "cmPysØ' a{¥n-amcpw DtZym-Kÿ - cpw {]Xn-If- psS kwc-£I - c- m-bX - p-sIm-≠m-sW∂v am≤y-aß - ƒ Fgp-Xn-s°m-≠n-cn-°p-∂p. amdmSv Fhn-sS-bm-Wv. Ad-_n-IS- e - nse Hcp Zzos]m-∂p-a√ AXv. tImgn-t°mSv \K-cØ - n¬ \n∂pw 8 Intem-ao-‰¿ am{Xw Zqc-ap≈ Hcp a’y-sXm-gn-emfn {Kma-amWXv. H‰-s∏´ Hcp cmPy-ambn amdmSv ]cn-h¿Ø-\s- ∏-´X - ns‚ DØ-ch - m-ZnXzw Bcp-tS-Xm-Wv? \mhpw ImXpw IÆp-an-√msX tIcfw `cn-°p∂ `c-WI - q-SØ - ns‚tbm h¿§o-bh - m-Zn-If- p-tStbm? amc-Im-bp[ßfpsS Ie-hd ]Wn-bm\pw Bcm-[\ - m-eb - ß - ƒ Ifcn ]cn-io-e\ - t- I-{μ-am-°m\pw ap…o-am-sW∂v BW-bn-Sp∂ AXn-Xo-{h-hm-Zn-Isf BcmWv A\p-hZ- n-®X - v. Bdp amkw apºv Cu aps∂m-cp°w Is≠-Ønb cl-ky-t]m-eokv dnt∏m¿´p-Iƒ `c-WI - qSw (B¿.-Fk - v.F - k - ns‚ thm´v sIm≠v A[n-Imcw ]nSn®; ap…nw eoKn\v apJy ]¶m-fn-Øa- p≈ Hcp Kh¨sa‚v) FhnsS-bmWv Ipgn-®p-aq-Sn-bX - v. KpP-dm-Ønse hwi-lX - ybv°v apºv _n.-sP.-]n.-bpsS tZio-bA - ≤ - y-£≥ ]d™ Hcp hmNIw lnμp ]{X-Øns‚ FUn-t‰m-dn-be - n¬ (30-˛5-˛2003) ÿm\w ]nSn-®n-´p-≠v. "Muslims are the Flesh of our Flesh and Blood of our Blood'' ap…nw-߃ Rß-fpsS amwkØns‚ amwkhpw c‡-Øns‚ c‡-hp-am-Wv! Cu hm°p-Iƒ F{X A\z¿∞-am-sW∂v amdmSv sXfn-bn-°p-∂p. amdmSv F∂ Acb{KmasØ lnμp-cm-jv{S-am-°n am‰m-\p≈ c‡hpw amwkhpw Hcp Xme-Øn¬ sh®v hnc-en-se-Æm-hp∂ ap…nw Xo{h-hm-Zn-Iƒ lnμp-]c- n-hm-cØ - n\v sImSp-°p-Ib - m-Wv sNbvXXv. apgp-h≥ ap…o-an-s\bpw Htc sXmgp-Øn¬ sI´n Ad-°p-hm≥ Ah-kc- a- p-≠m-°nb AhtcmSv G‰-hp-tasd IS-s∏-´n-cn-°p-∂Xv lnμp-]c- n-hm-ca- m-Wv. amdm-Sns\ tamNn∏n°pI F∂Xv ]uc-ka- q-lØ - ns‚ IS-ab - m-sW∂v t]mepw ad-∂p-t]m-hp-IbmWv \Ωƒ. Zp¿_-ea- m-sbmcp `c-WI - q-SØ - ns‚ AXn-Zp¿_-e\ - m-sbmcp apJy-a{¥n Cu ]uck-aq-l-Øns‚ apºn¬ Npcp≠p IqSn-bn-cn-°p-∂p-sh-∂Xv \ap-s°mcp A\p-{Kl-am-hp-IbmtWm? amdmSv B¿.-Fk - v.F - k - ns‚ cmjv{Stam al√v IΩn-‰n-bpsS {Kmatam As√∂v sXfn-bn-°m≥ `cW-IqSw ]cm-Pb - s- ∏-Sp-tºmƒ CS-s]-Sm≥ \ap°v _m[y-Xb - p-≠v. Hcp ]s£ Hcp-\qdv amdm-SpIƒ ]cp-hs- ∏-Sp-Øn-sIm-≠n-cn-°p∂ lnμp ap…ow aX-Xo-{h-hm-Zn-If- n¬ \n∂v \Ωsf Xs∂ tamNn-∏n-°p-hm-\p≈ ZuXyw AØcw CSs]S-ep-Iƒ sImt≠ \nd-th-‰s- ∏-Sp-Ib - p-≈q. 3

]n.-F.-Pn. _p≈-‰ns‚ Hcp ka-cm-bp-[-


\Zo-kw-tbm-P\ ]≤Xn.... C¥y-bpsS Xodm-[mcw C¥y-bnse 31 henb \Zn-Isf ]c-kv]cw kwtbm-Pn-∏n-°p∂ ]≤-Xn-bpsS hm¿Ø-Iƒ tI´p XpS-ßn-bn´v A[nIw \mfp-Ifm-bn√. 30 h¿jw-sIm≠v Cu ]≤Xn \S-∏m-°p-∂-Xn-t\-°p-dn®m-bn-cp∂p ]d-™p-tI-´-sX-¶nepw, 10 h¿jw sIm≠v ]q¿ØoI-cn-°m≥ kp{]ow tImSXn \n¿t±iw h∂-tXmsS BJP k¿°mcn\v "Poh≥ hbv°pI"bmWp-≠m-bXv. 1974-¬ tI{μ-Pe-tk-N-\-h-Ip∏v a{¥n-bm-bn-cp∂ K.P. dmhq, KwKbpw Imth-cnbpw _‘n-∏n-°p-hm-\p≈ Hcp ]≤Xn Xømdm-°n-bn-cp∂p. 1980-¬ k¿°m¿ Hcp ]≤-Xn-tb-°p-dn®v ]Tn®p-sh∂v tI´p. 1982 -'tZiob Pe-hn-I-k\ GP≥kn'bpsS t\Xr-Xz-Øn¬ \Zo-kw-tbm-P\ ]cn-]m-Sn-sb-°p-dn®v Nne "]T\-߃' \S-Øn-bn-´p≠v t]mepw! 5,60,000 tImSn cq]m _P-‰n´v, 2016-¬ Ah-km-\n-∏n-°p∂ ]≤Xn `mc-Xob P\-Xm-]m¿´n- (NDA) k¿°m-cns‚ Ahkm\ h¿j-amWv ]ns∂ Db¿sØ-gp-t∂¬°p-∂Xv. 30 h¿jw sIm≠v ]q¿Øo-I-cn-°p-sa-∂mWv Ah¿ BZyw ]d™-sX-¶nepw 10 h¿jw sIm≠v CXv ]q¿Øo-bm-°m≥ kp{]ow tImS-Xn-bpsS \n¿t±iw h∂Xv Ah¿°-\p-{K-lambn. Aßs\ 2016-¬ ]q¿Øo-I-cn-°p-sa∂ {]Jym-]-\hp-ambn kptc-jv{]`p-sh∂ BJP t\Xmhv sNb¿am-\mbn Hcp "Smkv I v t^mgv k v ' cq]o- I - c n®p. ]≤Xn \S- ∏ m- ° m≥ tIm¨{K v ]m¿´n-bpsS ]n≥Xp-Wbpw DSs\ h∂p. ]≤-Xn-bpsS kmt¶-Xn-Ihpw imkv{Xo-bhpw kmº-Øn-I-hpamb km≤yXm]T-\tam, KpW-tZmj hnNn-¥-\tam \S-Ønbn´n-√∂v tZiob Pe-hn-I-k\ GP≥kn Xs∂ kqNn-∏n°p-∂p≠v. ]≤Xn \S-∏m-°n-bm¬ D≠m-Im-hp∂ ]mcn-ÿnXnI {]Xym-Lm-X-߃, cmjv{Sob kmaq-lnI {]Xym-Lm-X-

߃ F∂n-h-tb-°p-dn®pw Ccp-´n¬ X∏p-I-bm-Wn-h¿. A¥¿ kwÿm\ \Zo Pe X¿°-߃ ]cn-l-cn-°m≥ Zim-_vZ-ß-fmbn cmjv{Sob ]m¿´n-Ifpw tImS-Xn-Ifpw Kh¨sa‚p-Ifpw {ian-®n´v \S-∂n-´n-√-∂Xv t]mepw Ch¿°v {]iv\-a-√s{X! Ccp-]Xv h¿j-ambn "]Tn-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°pI"bmsW∂v X´n-hn-Sp∂ Pe-hn-I-k\ GP≥kn°pw Kh¨sa‚n\pw ]t£, Cu saKm t{]mP-Iv‰ns‚ "t{]mPIv‰v dnt∏m¿´v' t]mepw Xøm-dm-°m-\m-bn√! ]Icw, ]≤-Xn-bpsS e£y߃ Ah-cn-ßs\ t{ImUo-I-cn-°p∂p.. (a) Cu ]≤-Xn-sIm≠v 150 Zi-e£w Irjn-bn-S-ß-fn¬ ISpØ hcƒ®-°m-eØpw Pe-sa-Øn-°pw. (b) h¿jm-h¿j-ap≈ sh≈-s∏m°w Hgn-hm°pw. (c) 30,000 saKm-hm´v sshZypXn D¬∏m-Zn-∏n-°pw. ]≤Xn c≠v tkmWp-If- mbn Xncn-®mWv \S-∏m-°p-Ib - s{X! KwKbpw {_“-]p-{Xbpw F√mw tN¿Øv 14 lnam-e-b≥ \Zn- I - f - S - ß nb lnam- e - b ≥ tkm¨; Imth- c nbpw ]ºbpw A®≥tIm-hn-emdpw hsc-bp≈ 17 \Zn-Iƒ tN¿Øv Xmgvhmc taJe. `mc-X-Øns‚ Pe-k-ºØv apgp-h\pw Cu ]≤-Xn-bpsS ]cn-[n-bn¬ hcp-sa-∂mWv CXns‚ A¿∞w. 300-¬∏cw h≥InS Pe-kw-`-c-Wn-Ifpw Bbn-c-°-W°n\v kwÿm-\m-¥c I\m-ep-Ifpw \n¿Ωn®v \Zn-If - nse sh≈w Xncn®p hnSp∂ {]{Inb D≠m-°m≥ t]mhp∂ ]mcn-ÿn-XnI BLm-X-߃ {]Ir-Xn-bpsS k¥p-e\w XI¿°pI am{X-a√, tImSn-°-W-°n\v a\p-jy-scbpw arK-ß-tfbpw Xß-fpsS Bhmk tI{μ-ß-fn¬ \n∂v IpSn-sbm-gn-∏n-°p-Ibpw sNøpw! CXns‚ `oI-c-Xtbm, {]Xym-Lm-Xtam ]≤Xn \S-Øn-∏p-Im¿ C\nbpw Xn´s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-´n√!

\Zo-kw-tbm-P\]≤Xn Cß-s\.....

Peninsular Component 17

16

Himalayan Component

IS-∏mSv : Zn lnμp dtd. 02-02-2003

1. Kosi - Mechi 2. Kosi - Ghangra 3. Gandak - Ganga 4. Ghangra - Yamuna 5. Sarda - Yamuna 6. Yamuna - Rajasthan 7. Rajasthan - Sabarmathi 8. Chunar - sone barrage 9. Sone dam - southern tributaries of Ganga 10. Brahmaputra - Ganga (MSTG) 11. Brahmaputra - Gange (JTF) (ALT) 12. Farakka - Sunderbans 13. Ganga - Damodar - Subernarekha 14. Subernarekha - Mahanandi

4

1. Mahanandi - Burhabalang 2. Mahanandi - Godavari 3. Indravati - Wainganga 4. Wainganga - Krishna 5. Krishna (Srisailam) - Pennar (Prodattur) 6. Pennar (Gandikotta) - Palar - Cauvery 7. Cauvery - Vaigai 8. Godavari (Ichampalli) - Krishna (Nagarjunasagar) 9. Krishna (Nagarjuna Sagar) - Pennar (Somasila) 9A. Krishna (Almatti) - Pennar 10. Pennar (Somasila) - Palar - Cauvery (Cioleroon) 11. Godavari (Ichampalli) - Kirshan (Pullchintala) 12. Godavari (Polavaram) - Krishna (Vijayawada) 13. Par - Tapi - Narmada 14. Damanganga - Tansa / Pinjal 15. West flowing rivers of Kerala and Karnataka (West-East link) (i) Beoti - varda (ii) Netravati - Hemavati (iii) Pamba - Achankovil - Vaippar 16. Ken - Betwna 17. Parbati - Kalisindh - Chambal


\Zo-kw-tbm-P\ ]≤Xn.... C¥y-bpsS Xodm-[mcw

\Zo-kw-tbm-P\w ˛ sNe-shs{X? Ah-km-\-an-√mØ X¿°w 31 `mc-Xob \Zn-Iƒ XΩn¬ tbmPn-∏n-°p-∂- saKms{]mP-Iv‰ns‚ sNe-sh-{X-hcpw? SmkvIvt^mgvkv ]d-bp-∂Xv tIƒ°pI 14 henb \Zn-If- S- ß - nb lnam-eb - ≥ tkmWn\v 3,75,000 tImSn cq]bpw 17 Xmgvhc- \ - Z- n-IfpsS kwtbm-P\ - Ø - n\v 1,85,000 tImSn-bp-amWv k¿°m¿ IW-°m-°p∂ FÃn-ta-‰v. 2002se \mWb aqeya\pk-cn®v c≠pw IqSn 5,60,000/-˛ tImSn cq] (G-Xm≠v 112 _ney≥ tUmf¿) 10 h¿jw sIm≠v ]≤Xn ]q¿Øn-bm°pw As{X! AXm-bXv {]Xn-h¿jw 56,000 tImSn cq] sNe-hm-°Ww F∂mWv HutZym-Kn-I`- m-jyw. C\n bYm¿∞y-Øn-te°v hcmw. 2016-˛¬ ]≤-Xn-]q¿Øn-bm-°p-sa∂v Xs∂ Icp-Xn-bm¬; hm¿jnI \mW-bs- ∏-cp-∏hpw hne-°b - ‰- hpw ]en-is- N-ehpw am{Xw IW-°p-Iq-´n-bm¬ 2002-˛¬ \n∂v 2016-˛¬ FØp-tºmƒ s{]mPIvSv sNehv t\sc Cc-´n-bm-hp-sa∂v kmam-\y-_p-≤n-bp-≈h - ¿°v a\-kn-em-°m-\mhpw! Ign™ 4 Zim_vZ߃ sIm≠v t]mepw ]Wn XocmØ \qdp-IW - ° - n\v Pe-tk-N\ ]≤-Xn-If- p≈ \m´n-em-Wv, 10 h¿jw sIm≠v 300-˛¬∏cw henb Umap-If- pw, ]Xn-\m-bn-c° - W - ° - n\v Intemao-‰¿ \of-ap-≈- I\mepI-fpw, ae-\n-cI - fpw Xmgvhm-cß - fpw _‘n-∏n-°p∂ AXn-`o-aa- mb kna‚v I\m-ep-Ifpw Hs° th≠n hcp∂ Cu ]≤Xn \S-∏m-°p-sa∂v ]d-bp-∂Xv ! k¿°m¿ IW-°ns‚ 500 iX-am\w A[nI sNe-hm-bn´pw XocmsX InS-°p∂ ]≤-Xn-If- p≈ \m´n¬ Ch¿ hI-bn-cp-Øp∂ 5,60,000 tImSn°v ]Icw 25,00,000 tImSn cq] Ipd-™Xv sNe-hmIp-sa-∂mWv kmº-ØnI hnZ-Kv[∑ - m¿ ]d-bp-∂Xv! km[m-cW hne-b° - ‰- \ - n-c° - pw, \mW-bs∏-cp-∏hpw ]cn-KW - n-®m¬ Xs∂ 11,20,000 tImSn cq] sNehv hcpw. AXm-bXv {]Xnh¿jw 1,12,000 tImSn cq]-bmWv \Zo-kw-tbm-P\ - Ø - n\v Is≠-tØ-≠Xv! C¥y-bpsS hm¿jnI \nIp-Xn-]c- n-hns‚ t\sc Cc-´n-bmWv Cu XpI! C¥y-bpsS Pn.-Un.-]n-bpsS t\¿]-Ip-Xnbp≠v Cu XpI! JP-\mhv apgp-h≥ CXn-\mbn \o°n-sh-®mepw XnI-bn-s√∂v Npcp-°w. JP-\m-hn¬ \n∂v sNe-hm-°m≥ bmsXm-∂p-an-s√∂v ]d-bp∂ Ch¿Fhn-Sp-∂mWv C{Xbpw henb XpI Is≠-Øm≥ t]mIp-∂Xv? AXn\v Hcp adp-]S- ntb D≈q.. A¥m-cmjv{S [\-Imcy GP≥kn-If- pw, temI-_m-¶v, F.-Un._n. BtKmf IpØI Iº-\n-Iƒ F∂n-hsb B{i-bn-°pI ˛ Cu N¿®-Iƒ Bcw-`n-®p-sh∂mWv G{]n¬ 28\v U¬ln-bn¬ tN¿∂ SmkvIvt^mgvkv tbmK-Øn\v tijw AXns‚ A≤y£≥ kptcjv {]`p ]d-™Xv! At∏mƒ \Zo-kw-tbm-P\ - Ø - ns‚ kmº-ØnIw Is≠-Øn-Ig- n™p-sh∂v Npcp°w! C\n...? Ah-sc-ßs- \-bmWv "klmbw' \¬Ip-∂X - v... \n¿Ωn-®v, {]h¿Øn∏n®v, ssIam-dpI (_n.-H.-Sn.) F∂-XmWv Hcp coXn.... 31 tZiob \Zn-Iƒ, Bbn-c° - W - ° - n\v Pe-kw-`c- W - n-Iƒ, I\m-ep-Iƒ F√mw tN¿∂ C¥y-bpsS Pe-kº - Øv apgp-h\ - mbn A¥m-cjv{S IpØp-II - ƒ°v ssIam-dpI F∂mWv Cu ]d-™X - ns‚ A¿∞w! GsX-¶nepw Hcp \K-cØ - nse 10 e£w a\p-jy-cpsS ip≤-Pe hnX-cW ]≤-Xn-bn-√, 102 tImSn a\p-jy-cp≈ alm-cm-Py-Øns‚ Xodm-[m-ca- mWv \Zo-kwtbm-P\ - s- a∂ saKms{]mP-IvSn-eqsS AWn-bd- b - n¬ Fgp-Xn-s°m-≠n-cn-°p-∂Xv! temI-sØm-cnSØpw CXp-hsc \S-∂n-´n-√mØ; Hcp cmjv{S-Øns‚ samØ-°® - h - S- Ø - n\v \mw km£n-bm-hm≥ t]mIp-∂p.... s\¬h-be - p-Iƒ \\-°m-\pw, sXßn≥ tXm∏p-If- nepw Irjn-bn-Sß - f- nepw shf-fs- a-Øn-°m\pw, IpSn-°m\pw Ipfn-°m\pw hsc-bp≈ Hmtcm Xp≈n sh≈-Øn\pw h≥hn-es- Im-SpØv hmßm≥ Hcp P\-Xtb apgp-h\ - mbn ]cp-hs- ∏-Sp-Øp-Ib - mWv \Zo-kw-tbm-P\w sIm≠v kw`-hn°p-I. AØ-cs- amcp temIØv F{X `mc-Xo-b¿°v AXn-Po-hn-°m-\m-Ipw!. temI-Ønse h≥InS Pe-tk-N\ ]≤-Xn-If- psS 20 iX-am\w C¥y-bn-em-Wv. P\-ßf- psS \nIp-Xn-∏Ww sIm≠v ]Sp-Øp-b¿Ønb Cu tZiob kº-Øns‚ t\¿]-Ip-Xn-bpsS ]Wn Ct∏mgpw ]q¿Æ-am-bn-´n-√. Ch-bpsS A‰-Ip-‰] - W - n-Iƒ Ct∏mƒ k¿°m-cns‚ AP-≠b - n¬ hcm-dn-√. bYm-ka- bw A‰-Ip-‰] - Wn sNbvXpw, ]Wn-Xo-cm-ØXv ]q¿Æ-am-°pIbpw sNbp∂Xn\v 10 h¿j-tØbv°v 1,80,000 cq] sNehv hcp-sa-∂mWv IW-°v. 14 Zi-e£w slIv‰¿ `qan-bn¬ Pe-tk-N\w \S-Øm-\p≈ A[n-It- ijn CXp-sIm-≠p-≠m-hp-sa∂v tZiob \Zo-Pe-IΩ - o-js‚ ap≥ A≤y-£≥ tUm. cma-kzman Aø¿ \S-Ønb ]T\w ]d-bp-∂p. `c-WI - qS Z√mƒamcpw kp{]ow tImS-Xnbpw A¥m-cmjv{S IpØ-II - fpw H∂n-®W - n-tN¿∂v \S-Øp∂ cmPy-Øns‚ samØ-hym-]m-ca- mWv \Zo-_‘ - \ - ] - c- n-]m-Sn-sb∂v sXfn-bp-Ib - m-Wv. Cu Z√mƒ ]Ssb hnNm-cW sNøm\pw in£n-°m\pw P\-ßf- psS tImS-Xnt° Ign-bq.

5

Imthcn \Zo-Pew ]¶p-h-bv°¬, kXvePv˛bap\m \Zn-Isf _‘n-∏n-°p∂ I\m¬ \n¿ΩmWw, XpSßn-bhbnse kp{]ow tImS-Xn-bpsS CS-s]-Se - p-Iƒ \nc-¥cw Ah-K-Wn-®p-sIm≠v _‘-s∏´ kwÿm\-߃ Zim-_vZ-ß-fmbn _≤-sshcw XpS-cp∂p! kXvePv bap\m en¶vI-\m¬ \n¿Ωm-W-Øn\v 4500 tImSn cq]-bmWv tI{μ Kh¨sa‚ v sNe-hn-´Xv. 1990-¬ Cu ]≤Xn ]Ip-Xn-°v h®v Dt]-£n®p. ]©m_v, lcn-bm-\°v sh≈w ssIam-dp-∂-Xn\v ]I-ca - mbn Nm≠n-KVpw AXn¿Øn-bnse Pn√-Ifpw ]©m-_n\v ssIam-dW - s - a∂ \ne-]m-SmWv ]©m_v apJy-a-{¥n-bp-tSXv. ^ew ]≤Xn Xs∂ \njv^-eambn! \Zo-kw-tbm-P\ ]≤-Xn-bpsS \S-Øn-∏n∂v A`n{]mb ka-\zbw Ds≠∂v hnSp-hm-bØw ]d-bp-∂h¿ \ne-hn-ep≈ sshcw t]mepw Xo¿°m-\m-hmsX Ipg-ßp-I-bmWv!

AhnsS \Zo- _ - ‘ \w s]mfn- ° p∂p `qantb \\-hp-≈X - m-°m\pw, Poh-Pm-eß - sf t]m‰nh-f¿Øm\pw {]Ir-Xn-sbm-cp-°p∂ Pe-tk-N\ - a - mWv \Zn-Iƒ. Hmtcm \Zo-X-Shpw AXns‚ X\Xv ]mcÿn-XnI k¥p-e\w kzbw \n¿Δ-ln-°p∂p. \ZoPew XS™p \n¿Øn Hgp°v Xncn®p hnSp-I-sb∂ kmlkw, \Zntb sIm√p-Ibpw, \Zo-X-S-߃°v kzm`m-hnI acWw hn[n-°p-Ibpw sNøpw. \Zn-Isf hymh-km-bnI hf¿®°v th≠n Cßs\ IpcpXn sNbv X Ata- c n° 1999\pw 2002\pan- S - b n¬ CØcw 100 Umap-Iƒ s]mfn®p If-™n´v (Atacn- ° - b nse) "_mcm_q' \Zn- b psS 115 ssa¬ ]p\¿Po-hn-∏n-s®-Sp-Øp-hs{X! IS-en-te-s°-ØmsX hc-≠p-W-ßnb sImf-dmtUm \Zn°v ]p\¿P∑w \¬Im≥ 8 _ney≥ tUmf-dmWv Ct∏mƒ Ah¿ am‰n-h-®n-´p-≈Xv.

\Zo-_‘ - \w ˛ h¿§ob AP≠ cq]-s∏-Sp∂p. \Zo-kw-tbm-P\ ]≤-Xn-bpsS kmº-ØnI AP≠ hy‡-amb-t∏mƒ, cmPy-amsI ]S-cm≥ t]mIp∂ FXn¿∏p-Iƒ t\cnSm≥ BJP Ah-cpsS h¿§ob Bbp-[h - p-ambn cwKØv h∂p Ign™p! Hcp cmjv{S-Øns‚ apgp-h≥ Pe-hn-`h - hpw _lp-cmjv{S `oa≥am¿°v ssIam-dp-∂Xv ssZh-\n-›b - a- m-sW∂v {]N-cn∏n-°p-∂X - n-\mWv ]cn-]mSn Xøm-dm-°p-∂Xv. ]pWy-\Z- n-bmb KwKm-\Z- n-bnse Pew cmPy-amsI FØn-°p-hm≥ Cu ]≤Xn-sImt≠ km[n°q As{X! \Zo-_‘ - \ - s- Ø-°p-dn®v ]Tn°p-Itbm {]Xym-Lm-Xß - s- f-°p-dn®v N¿®tbm sNøp-∂X - n\v ]Icw Cu hnjbw "k\ymkn"amcp-ambn N¿® sNø-Ws- a∂mWv BJP ]d-bp-∂Xv. C¥y≥ bph-Xz-Øns‚ `mhn Cu ]≤-Xn-bn-em-Ws{X \ne-sIm-≈p-∂Xv. P\-߃ Cu ]≤Xn-bpsS `mcw Gs‰-Sp-t°-≠Xv AXp-sIm-≠m-Ws{X! ASpØ temI-k`m sXc-s™-Sp-∏nse AP-≠b - m-Ws{X \Zo kwtbm-P\w! CsXms° ]d-bp-∂Xv thdm-cp-a√, BJPbpsS A≤y-£≥ sh¶-ø\ - m-bnUp Xs∂ (lnμp-]{Xw Fgp-Xp∂p). ]pWy-\Z- o-Pe - Ø - ns‚ t_m´n-ep-Iƒ hne sImSpØv hmßn t\sc kz¿§w ]qIm≥ \n߃ BJP°v thm´v sNøWw! sXmgn¬ \jvSs- ∏-´h - ¿s°ms° KwKm-Pe Ip∏n-sIm≠v A`n-tjIw! lmbv F{X lrZy-amWv Cu A\p-`hw!!


\Zo-kw-tbm-P\ ]≤Xn.... C¥y-bpsS Xodm-[mcw

Cu tNmZy-߃°v \n߃ adp-]Sn ]d-b-Ww.

SmkvIv t^mgvkv ]d-bp-∂p.

`c-W-Iq-S-hpw, kp{]ow tImS-Xnbpw, \Zo-_-‘-\-]-≤-Xn-bpsS t]cn¬ h¿§ob {[pho-I-cWw hsc D≠m-°p∂ _n.-sP.-]n.bpw; ]≤-Xn°v ]n≥XpW {]Jym-]n® tIm¨{Kkpw Cu tNmZy-߃°v adp-]Sn \¬Im≥ _m≤y-ÿ-am-Wv.... 1. hS°v lnam-ebw apX¬ sX°v ]ºm-\-Zo-XSw hsc hym]n®p InS-°p∂ 31 \Zo-Isf kwtbm-Pn-∏n-°p-I-sb∂ _rlXv ]≤Xn \S-∏m-°m-\m-tem-Nn-°p∂-Xn\v apºv P\-Iob A`n-{]mb ka-\zbw thW-sa∂v \n߃°v tXm∂mØsX-¥p-sIm≠v....? 2. A¥¿ kwÿm- \ \- Z o- P e X¿°- ß ƒ kp{]ow- t Im- S - X nbpw tI{μ Kh¨sa‚pw ]e-Ipdn "A¥n-ah - n[n' {]Jym-]n-®n´pw ]cn-lc - n-°s - ∏-SmsX XpScp-∂-Xn-\nsS ]pXnb \qdp-I-W-°n\v X¿°-ß-fp-sSbpw, Iem-]-ß-fp-sSbpw Acßv Hcp-°p-hm-\t√ Cu ]≤Xn klm-bn-°p-I-bp-≈q....? 3. kwÿm\ k¿°m-cp-If - p-sSbpw \Zo-XS- h - m-kn-If - p-sSbpw kmaqly cmjv{Sob {]ÿm-\-ß-fp-sSbpw A`n-{]m-b-k-a-\zbw t\Sn-sb∂v ]d-bp-∂p-≠-t√m. GsX√mw cmjv{S-b-]m¿´n-I-fmWv ]≤-Xn°v kΩXw \¬In-bXv? X߃°v Bh-iy-Øn-e-[nIw Pew Ds≠∂v kΩ-Xn® GsX-¶nepw Hcp kwÿm-\Øns‚ t]cv ]d-bmtam....? 4. Hcp \q‰m≠v sIm≠v t]mepw XocmØ{X hen-∏-ap≈ Cu ]≤-Xn ]q¿Ønbm-°m≥ 10 h¿j Imem-h-[n \n›-bn-°p-Ibpw, {]Xn-h¿jw 1,12,000 tImSn cq] (Ipd-™Xv) sNehv hcp-sa∂v Adn-™p-sIm≠v CXv \S-∏m-°p-hm≥ hmin-]n-Sn-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂-Xv, A¥m-cmjv{S IpØ-IIƒ°v C¥y≥ \ZnIƒ ssIam-dm-\p≈ KqUm-tem-N\ - bmsW∂p≈ A`n-{]m-bt- ØmSv \nß-fpsS {]Xn-I-c-W-sa-¥m-Wv? 5. GsXmcp sNdnb ]≤-Xn°pw AXns‚ s{]mPIvSv dnt∏m¿´v {]mY-anI \S-]Snbm-sW-∂-dn-™n´pw Cu ]≤-Xn-bpsS "s{]mPIvSv dnt∏m¿´v' F¥p sIm≠v P\-Iob N¿®-°mbn Ah-X-cn-∏n-°p-∂n√? 6. \Zo-_‘\w sh≈-s∏m°w XS-bp-sa-∂pw, hc≠ {]tZ-i-ßsf \\-°p-sa∂pw, `qan-bpsS ]mcn-ÿn-XnI k¥p-e\w XI¿°ns√∂pw Is≠-Øn-bXv F¥p-am-\-Z-WvU-ap-]-tbm-Kn-®mWv F∂v ]d-™pX-cptam? 7. ]≤-Xn-bpsS imkv{Xo-bhpw kmt¶-Xn-Ihpw kmº-Øn-I-hp-amb \ne-\n¬∏ns\-°p-dn®v Kh¨sa‚n-s‚tbm GsX-¶nepw GP≥kn-I-fp-tStbm ]T\w Ds≠-¶n¬ AXv P\-k-a£w hbv°m-ØXv F¥p-sIm-≠mWv? 8. Cu ]≤-Xn-tb-°p-dn-®p≈ N¿®-t]mepw cmPy-sØbpw, kaq-l-sØbpw s\SpsI ]nf¿°p-sa∂pw At\-Im-bncw IjvWß - f - m-°p-sa∂pw Xncn-®d- n-bm≥ kmam-\y-_p-≤n-aX - n-sb-∂n-cns°, \n߃ Cu ]≤-Xn-bp-ambn apt∂m´v t]mIp∂-Xns‚ A¿∞-sa-¥mWv? 9. ]≤-Xn-bpsS t\´-tIm´ hnivtf-j-Ww, ]mcn-ÿn-XnI {]Xym-Lm-X-߃; P\ß-fpsS ]p\-c-[n-hm-kw, kmº-ØnI aqe-[\w F∂nh-tb-°p-dn-®p≈ imkv{Xob ]T\hpw s{]mPIvSv dnt∏m¿´pw P\-k-a£w sh®p-sIm≠v Hcp tZiob A`n-{]mb thms´-Sp-∏n\v \n߃ Xøm-dmtWm? 10. I\m-ep-Ifnepw \Zn-Ifnepw a¨kq¨ Imew Ign-bp-∂-tXmsS Pe-tk-N-\Øn\v t]mepw sh≈-an-s√-∂p≈ hnhcw \n߃°-dn-s√∂p-t≠m... 1970-˛¬ I\m¬ hgn Pe-tk-N\w \S-Øn-bn-cp∂ `qhn-kvXrXn samØw Pe-tk-N-\Øns‚ 41.3 iX-am-\-am-bn-cp-∂p. 1998-˛¬ CXv 31.3 iX-am-\-ta-bp≈q... CtX ImeØv `qK¿`-Pew hgn-bp≈ Pe-tk-N\w 14.3 iX-am-\-Øn¬ \n∂v 33.8 iX-am-\-ambn h¿≤n-®p.... 1970˛¬ Umap-Iƒ hgn 13.2 iX-am\w Gcnb \\-®ncp-∂Xv 98¬ 5.7 iX-am-\-ambn Ipd-™p! ˛ Cu IW°v \n߃°-dn-bn-√∂mtWm? 11. 31 \Zn-I-fn¬; a™p-cp-In sh≈-sa-Øp∂ lnam-e-b-Ønse Nne \Zn-I-sfmgnsIbp≈-sX√mw th\¬°m-eØv h‰n-hc - ≠ - p-t]m-hp-∂p-s≠∂v \n߃°mcmWv ]d™p Xtc-≠Xv! KwKm-\-Zo-Pew XS™p \n¿Øn Hcp h≥P-e-tkN\ ]≤Xn t\∏m-fn¬ ]Wn-Xp-b¿Øp-∂p-s≠-∂pw, AXv ]q¿Æ-am-Ip-∂t- XmsS KwK-bnse th\¬ sh≈w h‰p-sa∂pw \n߃°-dn-bn-√t∂m? 12. {]Xn-h¿jw 8760 aWn-°q-dn¬ 100 aWn-°q¿ am{Xw a¨kq¨ ag e`n-°p∂ C¥y≥ \Zn-Ifn¬ sh≈-s∏m-°-ap-≠m-Ip-∂p-sh∂ {]N-cWw Xs∂ sX‰msW∂v kΩ-Xn-°m≥ BcmWv XSkw \n¬°p-∂Xv?

\Zo-kw-tbm-P\ ]≤-Xn-bpsS SmkvIv t^mgvkv AXns‚ aq∂m-aXv tbmKw G{]n¬ 28\v tN¿∂p! 31 kwtbm-P\ - ß - f- n¬ 8 FÆw ap≥K-W\ - m-Sn-ÿm\-Øn¬ DSs\ Bcw-`n-°p-sa∂pw AXn\v 80,000 tImSn cq] aXn-bm-hp-sa∂pw tbmKw "Is≠Øn"bncn°p∂p. ]Ww Is≠-Øm≥ hgn-Is- fms° tbmKØn¬ sXfn-™p-sh-∂mWv A≤y-£≥ ]d-bp-∂Xv! Cu L´-Øn¬ 37 Umap-Iƒ ]Wn-tb≠n hcp-at{X! AXn-\m-hi - y-amb kmt¶-XnI klm-bhpw kmºØnI klm-bhpw A¥m-cmjv{S GP≥kn-If- n¬ \n∂v e`y-am-°m≥ temI _m¶n-t\mSpw Gjy≥ Uhe-∏vsa‚v _m¶n-t\mSpw _‘-s∏´p sIm≠n-cn-°pI-bm-Ws{X! F´v kwtbm-P\ ]≤-Xn-If- psS "]T\w' ]q¿Øn-bmsb∂v tbmKw ]d-bp∂p. tKmZm-hcn˛IrjvW; IrjvW˛s]∂m¿; Zmh≥KwK˛]n≥P≥; Xm]n˛ \¿ΩZ; sI≥˛_Svhw; ]ºm˛A®≥tIm-hn¬, ssh∏m¿ F∂o Xmgvhmc \Zn-Ifpw lnam-eb - ≥ `mKØv imcZm˛bap-\m-\Z- n-If- psS kwtbm-P\ ]T\-ßf- pamWv ]q¿Øn-bm-bXv As{X!

6

]p\-c[ - n-hm-kØ - n\v "hml\w'... ]cnÿnXn kwc-£n-°m≥ "]´mfw' lnam-eb - Ø - nse KwK t\∏m-fn¬ \n∂p-¤h - n-°p∂ tImk \Zn apX¬ ]ºm \Zn-hsc 31 \Zn-Iƒ kwtbmPn-∏n-°p∂ ]≤Xn \S-∏m-bm¬ IpSn-sbm-gn-∏n-t°≠n hcp-∂h - sc (At\I tImSn) ]p\-c[ - n-hk - n-∏n-°p-∂Xn\v ]≤Xn sNe-hn¬ {]tXyIw "hml\w' G¿∏mSv sNøp-as{X. \Zo-kw-tbm-P\w sIm≠v D≠m-hp∂ ]cnÿnXn BLmXw a\- n-em-°m≥ aÆns‚ ehW sshhn-≤y-ßf- nep≠m-hp∂ am‰-ßfpw `qK¿` Pe sshhn-[y-ßfpw DSs\ ]Tn®p XpSßpw t]mepw. cmPyw apgp-h≥ Pe-e-`yX, `qK¿` Pe \nc∏v Db¿Ø¬, ]pXnb sXmgn-eh - k - c- ß - ƒ, 40,000 hsc saKm-hm´v sshZypXn D¬∏m-Z\w, 100 tImSn Iyq_nIv ao‰¿ `qan-bn¬ Pe-tk-N\w F∂n-hb - mWs{X ]≤Xn e£y-an-Sp∂ al-Ømb e£y-߃.... ]≤-Xn-sIm≠v IpSn-sbm-gn-tb≠n hcp∂ tImSn-°W-°n\v a\p-jy¿°v Ct∏mƒ D≈-Xn-t\-°mƒ anI® PohnX kml-Nc- y-߃ Hcp-°n-s°m-Sp-°p-hm-\mWs{X, "{]tXyI hml\w' G¿∏m-Sm-°p-∂Xv...! ]cnÿnXn XInSw adn-bmsX t\m°m≥ {]tXyI "tk\' Xs∂-bp-≠m-hp-sa∂pw SmkvIv t^mgvkv A≤y-£≥ ]d-bp∂p. CsXms° tIƒ°p-tºmƒ Ipfncp tImcn-bn-Sp-∂nt√... A{X-bpta Ah-cm-{K-ln-°p∂p≈q...! AX√ t]Sn-bmWv tXm∂p-∂s- X-¶n¬ \n߃ hnI-k\ hncp-≤\pw tZi-hn-cp-≤\ - p-ambn ap{Z IpØ-s∏-Sp-Ibpw sNømw...! Reference : The Hindu, Various dates Business Line, Various dates


InW-dp-sh≈w Ip∏n-sh-≈-ambn Xocp∂ ]cn-Wm-a-imkv{Xw A—\pw aIfpw ? InWdn\v \º-dn-Sp-∂q∂v ]d-bp-∂p-t√m. \ΩpsS InW-dn\v k¿°m-sd-¥n\m \º-dn-Sp-∂Xv A—m? hoSn\pw kvIq´-dn-\p-sams° \º-dn-Sp-∂Xv \nIpXn ]ncn-°m-\m-Wv. InW¿ sh≈-Øn\v \nIpXn ]ncn-°m≥ k¿°m-cn\v ]cn-]m-Sn-bp-≠m-hpw. ? InWdv \ΩpsS ÿe-Øt√? AXnse sh≈-Øn\v \nIpXn ]ncn-°m≥ sh≈w k¿°m-cn-t‚-XmtWm? sh≈w {]Ir-Xn-bpsS hc-Zm-\a- m-Wv. {]IrXn hn`-hß - s- fm∂pw k¿°m-cn-t‚-X√ - . k¿°m¿ F∂m¬ H∂n-s‚bpw DS-a-ÿ-\-√. kq£n-∏p-Im-c≥ AYhm {SÃn-bmWv k¿°m¿. s]mXp-kzØpw s]mXp-\-∑bpw t\m°n-\-S-Øp∂ P\-ß-fpsS {SÃv. ? AXm-bXv P\-߃ DS-a-ÿcpw k¿°m¿ Ah-cpsS tkh-Icpw F∂¿∞w? s]mXp-B-h-iy-Øn\v th≠n am{Xw Hcp hy‡n-bpsS kzØv Abmƒ°v \jvS-]-cn-lmcw sImSpØv Gs‰-SpØv \S-Øm≥ {SÃn\v Ah-Im-i-ap-≠v. \m´p-Im-cpsS \∑bv°v th≠n cq]o-I-cn®v {SÃv ]ncn-®p-hn-Sm\pw \m´p-Im¿°v Xs∂-bm-W-h-Im-iw. ? F∂n´o k¿°m¿ F¥n\m \ap-s°-Xnsc \nb-a-ß-sfms° D≠m-°p-∂Xv? sh≈Øn\v t]mepw hne-hm-ßp-∂-sX-¥n\v? F√m a\p-jycpw Xpey-cm-sW∂pw `qanbpw {]Ir-Xnhn`-h-ß-fp-sa√mw apgp-h≥ a\p-jycp-tS-Xp-am-sW∂pw AXv t\m°n \S-Øm≥ F√m-hcpw tN¿∂v Hcp {SÃv cq]o-I-cn-°sW-∂p-ap≈ s]mXp-Xo-cp-am-\-amWv P\m-[n-]Xy `-c-W-IqSsØ krjvSn-®-Xv. F∂m¬ \ΩpsS `c-W-IqSw ]n¥p-S-cp∂ \nb-a-߃ ]gb \mSp-hm-gn-I-fp-sSbpw, {_n´ojv tImf\n- h m- g v N - ° m- e sØt]mse AXn- k - º - ∂ - c p- s Sbpw Xm¬]- c y- ß ƒ°- \ p- k r- X - a mbn {]h¿Øn°p∂-h-bp-am-Wv. ka-c-߃ th≠n-h-cp-∂Xv AXp-sIm-≠m-Wv. sh≈w am{X-a√, k¿ΔXpw I®-h-S-®-c-°m-°p∂ hyh-km-bn-I-fpsS ]S-bmWv Ct∏mƒ {SÃv `cn-°p-∂Xv. ? F√m-h¿°pw \oXne`n-°p∂ hn[-Øn¬ {SÃv `cWw P\-߃ Gs‰-Sp-°W - s- a-¶n¬ Ct∏m-gsØ {SÃn-Isf thm´v sNbvXv ]pd-Øm-°n-bm¬ am{Xw t]mcm, {SÃv \nb-a߃ apgp-h≥ am‰n-sb-gp-Xp-Ibpw thW-sa-∂mtWm? P\-ß-ƒ°v apgp-h≥ \oXn Dd-∏m-°p-hm\pw {]IrXn hn`-h-߃ s]mXp-kz-Øm°n \ne\n¿Øp-hm\pw D¬]m-Z\ hyhÿ Xs∂ amt‰-≠n-h-cpw. kºØv s]mXp DS-a-ÿ-Xbn¬ hcmsX NqjWw sNøp∂ hyhÿ DS®v hm¿°m-\m-hn-√. ? InW-‰nse sh≈-Øn\v \nIp-Xn-bmtWm hne-bmtWm k¿°m¿ CuSm-°m≥ t]mIp- ∂ Xv ? `qan-bnse sh≈-Øns‚ Ah-Imiw Ipd®v ]Ww hmßn apX-em-fn-am¿°v k¿°m¿ ssIam-dpw. k¿°m-cn\v sImSp-Ø-Xns‚ Bbncw aSßv hne-bn´v InWdv sh≈-hpw \Zo-P-e-hpw hn‰v apX-emfn ]Ww Xncn-s®-Sp-°pw. AXm-bXv \Ωƒ InW-‰n¬ \ns∂Sp°p∂ sh≈-Øn\v Ip∏n-sh-≈-Øns‚ amXncn apX-emfn \Ω-tfmSv ]Ww hmßpw F∂¿∞w. ? Cu sImSpw-]m-XIw sNøm≥ Bcm-Wn-hsc D]-tZ-in-°p-∂Xv? Hcp en‰¿ ]mep-≠m-bn-h-cm≥ Fs¥√mw ]Wn-sb-Sp-°-Ww. `qan-bnse sh≈w Ip∏n-bnem°n en‰-dn\v 15 cq]bv°v hn¬°p-tºmƒ In´n-b-sX√mw em`-Øn¬ hchp sh°mw. em`w IqSp-X-ep-≠m-hm≥ hyh-kmbw XpS-ßp-Itbm Irjn sNøp-Itbm th≠t√m. {]IrXnbpsS kºØv t\cn-s´-SpØv hn‰m¬ aXn. BtKm-fa- p-Xe - m-fn-am-cmWv Cu _p≤n D]tZ-in-®p-sIm-S° - p- p-∂h - ¿. \ΩpsS InW-‰nse sh≈w Itºm-fØ - nse Ip∏n-sh-≈a- mbn IW°m°n tImcn-Ip-Sn-°m≥ ]d-bp-∂X - n\v apt∂m-Sn-bm-bp≈ \º-do-So-emWv (k¿tΔ-bm-W)v Ct∏mƒ \S-°p-∂X - v. ? \Ω-sf¥p sNøw? sh≈-Øns‚ hne-sb-∂√ - , hoSnt\m Id-≠nt\m hml-\ß - ƒt°m \nIp-Xn-Itfm hnetbm AS-°n-s√∂v P\-ßf- msI H∂n®p Xocp-am-\n-°W - w. apX-em-fn-am-cpsS \nb-aß - fpw \oXnIfpw \S-∏m-°p∂ {S-Ãn-s\, `c-WI - q-SsØ hen-®n-d° - n-hn-Sm-\p≈ henb ka-cß - ƒ sNøWw. ? CsXms° \S-°ptam A—m? apX-em-fn-am¿ FÆ-Øn¬ Ipd-®t√ D≈q. \Ω-fn-s√¶n¬ Ah-cpsS I®-h-Shpw em`w Ip∂p-Iq-´epw \S-°ptam? \Ω-fpsS kwJy Akw-Jy-am-Wv. IW-°p-Iq-7´n-t\m-°n-bm¬ 100¬ 90 Xs∂. AXp-sIm-≠mWv \nb-a-߃ Xncp-Øm≥ \ap°v tijn-bp-s≠∂v hnth-

ZznapJ k¿Δ-k-ΩX kam-l-cW ]≤-Xn\Zo-kw-tbm-P\ ]≤-Xn-bpsS cmjv{Sob˛kmaqly k¿Δ-kΩ - Xw D≠mtbm F∂ tNmZy-Øn\v In´nb adp-]Sn hmbn-°pI˛ cmjv{Sob eh-en¬ tI{μ Kh¨sa‚pw˛ kmt¶XnI Xe-ßf - n¬ tZiob Pe IΩo-j\pw, kwÿm\-ß-fnse Pe-tk-N\ hIp∏v No^v F©n-\ob¿amcpw tN¿∂m-Ws{X CXv D≠m-°m≥ t]mhp∂Xv. Imthcn \Zn-bn¬ \n∂v Ipd®v sh≈w Xangv\m-Sn\v sImSp-°p∂ X¿°-Øn\v Zim-_vZ-߃ ]g-°-ap≠v.....F{X kp{]ow tImSXn hn[n-Iƒ... F{X {][m-\-a-{¥n-am¿ CS-s]´p.... F{X _μp-Iƒ \S∂p! F{X a\pjy Poh-\p-Iƒ _en sImSpØp...! k¿Δ-k-ΩXØn\v ]Icw k¿Δ sshcw am{Xw Ct∏mgpw _m°n! At∏m-gmWv Cu hnSp-hm-bØw. kwÿm-\-߃ `cn-°p∂ cmjv{Sob ]m¿´n-Iƒ XΩn¬ k¿Δ-k-ΩXw D≠m-bm¬ ]ns∂ {]iv\sam-∂p-an-s√∂pw SmkvIv t^mgvkv Is≠-Øn-bn´p≠v! GXv temI-ØmWv Cu SmkvIv t^mgvsk∂v a\ n-em-°m≥ CsXm-s°-t∏msc?


BtKm-f-h¬°-c-W-Øns‚ Hcp hymg-h-´w. sXmgn¬cwKw Hcp t]mÃvam¿´w

sXmgn¬ ]nSn-®p-]-dn-°-s∏-Sp-∂p.

4.16 tImSn sXmgn¬c-ln-Xc- mWv 958 Fwtπm-bvsa‚v FIvkvtN-©p-If- n-embn t]cv cPn-ÿ sNbvXn-´p-≈X - v. {]Xn-h¿jw 80 e£w t]¿ sXmgn¬ At\z-jI - c- mbn IS-∂p-hc- p∂ C¥ybn¬ ]c-am-h[n 80,000 Xm¬°m-enI sXmgn-emWv Cu FIvkvtN-©p-Iƒ \¬Ip-∂X - s- {X. 1991¬ 2.67 tImSn sXmgn-em-fn-If- m-bn-cp∂p C¥y≥ kwL-SnX taJ-eb - psS BsI kzØv. 2002¬ CXv 2.79 tImSn-bmbn Db¿∂p! 10 h¿jsØ kwL-SnX taJ-eb - nse sXmgn¬ hf¿® tIhew 12 e£w BsW-∂¿∞w. 1991se sXmgn¬ hf¿®m-\n-c°v 1.44 iX-am-\a- mbn-cp-∂Xv BtKm-fh - ¬°-cW - I - m-eØv 0.75 iX-am-\a- m-bn-Ip-d™ - p. kzX{¥ C¥y-bpsS Ncn{X-Øn¬ G‰hpw Ipd-hv. 93-˛94 ImesØ sXmgn-en-√mbvam-\n-c°v 5.99 iX-am-\a- m-bn-cp-∂psh-¶n¬ 99-˛2000¬ 7.32-Bbn Db¿∂p. 1999-˛2000¬ cmPysØ samØw sXmgn-em-fn-Iƒ 39.7 tImSn Ds≠-∂mWv F≥.-Fk - v.F - k - v. k¿sh ]d-bp-∂X - v. CXn¬ 13 iX-am\w ÿnc-hc- p-am-\a- p-≈h - cpw, 33.2 iX-am\w Imjz¬ the sNøp-∂h - c- p-am-Wv. 50 iX-am\w Im¿jnI taJ-eb - n-emWv ]Wn-sb-Sp-°p-∂X - v. 2001se IW°v {]Imcw 279 e£w kwL-SnX sXmgn-em-fn-If- n¬ 191 e£w sXmgn-em-fn-Ifpw s]mXpta-Je - b - n-em-Wv tPmen sNøp-∂p-Xv. 1999¬ Ch-cpsS FÆw 194 e£-am-bn-cp∂p Ft∂m¿°pI! 3 e£w Ipd-hv. 1991-hsc C¥y≥ kzImcy taJe 18.5 iX-am\w sXmgn-em-fn-Iƒ°v ]Wn-\¬In-bn-cp-∂p-sh-¶n¬ 2002¬ AXv 16.5 iX-am-\a- mbn Ipd-bp-Ib - mWv sNbvXX - v! 5.58 e£w Ipd-hv.

91 apX¬ 98 hsc 2.27 e£w s]mXp-ta-Jem sXmgn-em-fn-Isf ]ncn-®p-hn-´p. (hn.B¿.-F-kv.). 98\pw 2001-\p-an-S-bn¬ ]ncn-®-b°-s∏-´h - ¿ 3 e£-am-Wv. Iq´-Øn¬ 1 e£w _m¶v Poh-\-°m-cpw. kzImcy Iº-\n-Iƒ ]ncn- ® - b ® sXmgn¬ i‡n 5.58 e£w Ds≠∂v \mw I≠p. C\n Hcp tImSn 80 e£w a- \ p- j y¿°v ]Wn- s bm- c p- ° p∂ C¥y≥ sNdp-InS hyh-kmb taJ-e-bn¬ 60 iX-am\w Iº-\n-Iƒ ]q´p-Itbm tcmKmXp-c-am-hp-Itbm sNbvXn-´p-≠v. Cd-°p-a-Xn-bpsS IpsØm-gp-°n¬ Ccp-]Xv tImSn a\p- j y- c psS ]Wn- i m- e - b mb Im¿jnI taJe AXns‚ sXmgn¬ \¬Im\p≈ tijn ]Ip-Xn-bm-°n-Ip-d-®p. 1 tImSn a\p-jy¿°v {]Xn-h¿jw sXmgn¬ \jvS-s∏Sp-Øn-s°m-≠mWv BtKm-f-h¬°-cWw s]mSn-s]m-Sn-°p-∂Xv F∂mWv Cu IW-°paq°pIpØp∂ cmPyw. Iƒ km£y-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂-Xv. AXn-k-º-∂BtKm-f-h¬°-cn-®m¬ hf¿∂v am\-Øvap-´p-sa-∂m-bn-cp∂p tIm¨{Kkpw _n.-sP.-]nbpw cpsS JP-\m-hp-I-fn¬ kº-sØ-Øn-°p∂ ]d™p ]c-Øn-b-Xv. F∂m¬ cmPy-Øns‚ tZiob hf¿® IpØs\ Xmtgm-´m-sW∂v ZuXy-amWv BtKm-f-h¬°-cWw \nd-th-‰pAh-cpsS IW-°p-I-ƒ Xs∂ ]d™p Xcp-∂p. ∂-sX∂pw sXmgnepw sXmgn¬ ime-Ifpw tZiob hf¿®m-\n-c°v ˛ Hcp hymg-h´w Ih¿s∂-Sp-ØmWv Ah-c-Xns‚ {][m-\89-90 94-95 99-2000 2000-2001 2002-2003 `mKw t\Sp-∂-sX∂pw Xncn-®-dn-bm≥ Cu 7.6 7.1 6.2 5.2 4.4 IW-°p-Iƒ t]msc-∂pt≠m? 4 iX-am-\-am-sW-¶nepw cmPyw hf-cp-I-X-s∂-bt√ F∂p tNmZn-°p-∂-h-cp-≠v. icn-bmWv 10 iX-am\w AXn-k-º-∂-cpsS hf¿®m-\n-c°v Hmtcm h¿jw CXns‚ ]Øv aS-ßmWv Ft∂m¿°p-I. alm-`q-cn-]£w P\-߃°v sXmgn¬ \jvS-s∏-Sp-Ibpw D]-t`m-K-tijn IpØs\ Xmgp-Ibpw hyh-km-b-߃ Icn-™p-W-ßp-Ibpw \nt£-]-߃ \S-°m-Xn-cn°p-Ibpw sNøp-tºmgpw tZiob hf¿® 4.4 iX-am\w F∂p tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂Xv AXnk-º-∂-cpsS 400 iX-am\w hf¿®-bpsS sNe-hn-em-sW∂v Adn-™p-sh-°p-I. AXmbXv 90 iX-am\w P\-ßsf "Fen-an-t\‰v ' sNbvXm¬ C¥y-bpsS hf¿®m \nc°v temIØns‚ s\dp-I-bn-em-Ip-sa-∂mWv ]d-™-Xns‚ A¿∞w. ChnsS F√mw `{Z-am-sW∂pw \Ωƒ icn-bmb Zni-bn-emWv HmSp-∂-sX∂pw `c-W-Iq-Shpw IpØ-I-Ifpw Ft∏mgpw ]d™p-sIm-t≠-bn-cn-°p-∂Xv, Ah¿ 400 iX-am\w hf¿® t\Sp-∂Xv sIm≠mWv!

(I-W-°p-Iƒ _nkn-\ v sse≥)

Im¿jnI DXv]m-Z\w Xmtgm´v P\-kw-Jym-\p-]m-Xn-I-am-sb-¶nepw `£y-[m-\y-D-Xv]m-Z\ hf¿® t\Sn-bn-cp∂ \ΩpsS cmPyØns‚ Ign™ Zim-_vZ-Ønse `£y-[m\y DXv]mZ\w dn°m¿Uv XI¿®-bn-em-Wv. BtKmf-h¬°-cWw Cd-°p-a-Xn-bpsS {]hmlw krjvSn-°p-tºmƒ DXvv]m-Z\w Ipd-bpI kzm`mhnIw am{Xw. 2002 ˛ 2003 `£y-[m-\y-DXv]m-Z\w ap≥h¿j-sØ-°mƒ 13.20 iX-am\w Ipd-hm-sW∂v sk≥{S¬ Ãm‰n-‰n-°¬ Hm¿K-ss\-tk-j≥ k¿sh ]d-bp-∂p. FÆ°p-cphns‚ DXv]m-Z\w 24 iX-am\w I≠v Ipd-™-t∏mƒ 6 iX-am\amWv ]©-kmc DXv]m-Z\w Ipd-™Xv. ]cp-Øn-bm-Is´ 15.61 iX-am\w DXv]m-Z-\-Ip-d-hmWv tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂-Xv. Cd-°p-a-Xnbpw hne-°p-dhpw Im¿jnI DXv]m-Z\w XSbp∂tXmsSm∏w Im¿jnI taJebv°v ]W-sa-Øn-°p-∂-Xn¬ _m¶pIƒ°v Xosc Xm¬]-cy-an-√m-Xm-bXpw ÿnXn hjfm°nb LS-I-am-Wv. 1980-I-fn¬ sNdp-InS I¿j-I¿°v 15.1 iX-am\w _m¶v tem¨ \o°nsh-®n-cp-∂p-sh-¶n¬ 90-I-fn¬ AXv 11 iX-am-\-ambn XmWp. CS-Øcw I¿j-I¿ hsc-bp≈-h¿°v 1980-I-fn¬ 18 iX-am\w _m¶v tem¨ \¬In-bn-cp-∂p-sh-¶n¬ 90-I-fn¬ CXv 13 iX-am-\-ambn Ipd-™p. _m¶p-If- n¬ \n∂v Hml-cn-It- ºm-fØ - n-te°v [\-sam-gp-In-bm¬ D¬]m-Z\w h¿≤n-°p-sa∂v Dfp-∏n-√msX X´n-hn-Sp∂ `c-W-IqS Z√mƒamsc Hm¿Øv \ap°v e÷n-°mw. (I-W-°p-Iƒ _nkn-\ v sse≥)

amXr-`qan 8


BtKm-f-h¬°-c-W-Øns‚ Hcp hymg-h-´w.

hn‰p-Xo-cp∂ C¥y....... \m¬tIm

"hm‰pw' BtKm-fh - ¬°-cW AP-≠bpw

 Aeq-an-\nbw henb cmjv{Sob {]m[m-\y-ap≈ teml-am-Wv. Bbp-[- {]Xy-£\ - n-Ip-Xnbpw ]tcm-£\ - n-Ip-Xnbpw F∂ t]cpI-fn¬

\n¿ΩmWw apX¬ _ln-cm-Im-iØpw `qan-bnepw sh≈-Øn-ep-tam-Sp∂ sshhn-[y-am¿∂ KXm-KX - Ø - ns‚ ASn-ÿm\ temlw Aeq-an-\nb-am-Wv. sshZypXn hnI-k\Øn\pw, sdbn¬sh hnI-k\ - Ø - n\pw \s´-√mbn \nesIm-≈p∂ Aeq-an-\nbw; \n¿ΩmWtaJ-ebv°pw Km¿lnI D]-Ic - W \n¿ΩmWØn\pw Hgn-®p-Iq-Sm-\m-hmØ teml-am-Wv. 1981¬ "\m¬tIm' (National Aluminium Company) cq]o-Ic- n-°m\pw 65¬ "_m¬tIm' Bcw-`n°m\pw `mc-Xk - ¿°m-dn\v {]tNm-Z\ - w CXmbn-cp-∂p. _m¬tIm- 551 tImSn cq]bv°v k¿°m¿ hn‰p-sh-¶n¬ Ah-ti-jn-°p∂ \m¬tIm F∂ AXn_r-lØ - mb ÿm]\w IqSn hns‰m-gn-hm-°m-\p≈ Xo{h-]c - n-{i-aØ - n-emWv _n.-sP.-]n. Kh¨sa‚ v. Hdo- b - n¬ _n.-sP.-]n. Hgn-sI-bp≈ cmjv{So-bI - £ - n-Ifpw \m¬tIm-bnse 6500 sXmgn-em-fn-Ifpw tN¿∂v 2002 sk]v‰w-_¿ 19\v kwÿm-\sØ P\Po-hnXw kvXw`n-∏n®v _μm-Nc - n-®Xpw \hw-_¿ 11\v tdmUpw sdbnepw XS -s∏-Sp-Øn-bX - pw, Iº\n hmßm≥ h∂-hsc \m¬tIm-bpsS Ihm-SØ - n¬ \n∂v B´n-∏m-bn-®Xpw Cu hn¬]-\t- bm-Sp≈ P\-ßf - psS {]Xn-Ic - W - s - as¥∂v hnfn-®d- n-bn-®p. 1981¬ Bcw-`n® \m¬tIm 1987¬ D¬]m-Z\w XpS-ßn. 1289 tImSn cq] k¿°m¿ hnln-Xhpw 1119 tImSn hntZi [\-Imcy ÿm]-\ß - f - n¬ \n∂pap≈ temWp-sa-Sp-ØmWv Iº\n {]h¿Ø\w XpS-ßn-bX - v. Bcw-`n®v A©mw h¿jw tem¨ apgp-h≥ aS-°n-bS- ®p H∏w k¿°m¿ \nt£-]Øns‚ ]Ip-Xnbpw Xncn®p \¬In. 29,000 tImSn cq]-bpsS \nt£-]amWv Ign™ ]Øp-h¿jw sIm≠v \m¬tIm ]Sp-Øp-b¿Øn-bX - v. \m¬tIm-bpsS AS-®p-Xo¿Ø aqe-[\w 644 tImSn cq]bmWv. AXn¬ 87.1 iX-am\w Hmlcn k¿°m-cn-t‚-Xm-Wv. 13 iX-am\w Hmlcn ]e XhW-If - mbn hn‰-gn-°s - ∏-´p. 10 iX-am\w Hmlcn B`y-¥c - I - t- ºm-fØ - nepw 20 iX-am\w hntZi \nt£-]I - ¿°pw, 2 iX-am\w sXmgn-em-fn-Iƒ°pw \¬In-bn´v 29.15 iX-am\w Hml-cnbpw DS-aÿ - X - bpw Hcp "X{¥-]c - a - mb ]¶m-fn°v' ssIam-dp-hm-\mWv k¿°m¿ Xocp-am-\n-®n-´p-≈X - v. 2900 tImSn cq]-bmWv Cu tZiob kº-Øn\v hne-bn-´n-cn-°p-∂X - v. C¥y≥ Aeq-an\nbw ItºmfØns‚ 51 iX-am\w ssIøm-fp∂ BZnXy _n¿f apX¬ 15¬]cw IpØ-II - ƒ \m¬tIm sImØn-hn-gp-ßm≥ h´-an´v ]d-°p-Ib - mWv Ct∏mƒ. D¬]m-Z\ - a - m-cw-`n® 1987-ap-X¬ icm-icn 550 tImSn cq] {]Xn-h¿jw em`hpw 40 iX-am\w Unhn-U≠ - pw, \nIp-Xnbpw Np¶-ßf - p-ambn 1100 tImSn cq]bpw hoXw tZiob JP-\m-hn-\S- ° - p∂ \m¬tIm-bpsS 2001se hn¬∏\ 2450 tImSn- cq]bm-bn-cp-∂p. Cu h¿jw Iº-\n-bp-≠m-°nb em`w 664 tImSn cq]-bm-Wv. 6500 sXmgn-em-fn-Iƒ ]Wn-sb-Sp-°p∂ Cu ÿm]-\sØ Ahew-_n®v 17,000 sXmgn-em-fn-Iƒ ]tcm-£a - mbn Pohn-°p-∂p. 4.8 Zi-e£ - w-S¨ t_mIvssk‰pw 1.578 Zi-e£w S¨ Aeq-an-\n-bhpw BWv \m¬tIm-bpsS {]Xn-h¿j D]-t`m-Kw. 120 saKm-hm´v tijn-bp≈ 8 sshZypXn D¬]m-Z\ tI{μ-߃ \m¬tIm-bv°p-≠v. CXn-s\ms° tN¿Øv 15,000 tImSn cq] hne-bn-Smw. 3225 tImSn hne-aX - n-°p∂ hyhkmb kap-®b - hpw, 29000 tImSn cq]-bpsS kz¥w \nt£-]hpw tN¿Øv 50,000 tImSn cq]-bpsS apX-emWv Ccp]Xn-sem∂v aqey-Øn\v ssIam-dm≥ hmPvs]bv Kh¨sa‚ v \n›-bn--®n-´p-≈X - v! Hcp P\-Xb - psS apgp-h\ - p-amb kºØv ]nXr-kzØv t]mse hn‰-gn-°p∂ "tZim-`n-am-\n-'I-fpsS s\dn-tI-Sn-t\mSv \ap°v {]Xn-Ic - n-°m-\m-bn-s√-¶n¬ \Ωƒ shdpw ]pgp-°f - mbncp-∂p-sh∂v Ncn{Xw tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øpw.

(I-W-°p-Iƒ _nkn-\ v sse≥)

9

\nIp-Xn-Iƒ - c≠n-\a- p-≠v. BZmb \nIpXn kzØv \nIpXn XpS-ßn-bh {]Xy-£\ - n-Ip-Xn-If- m-Wv. D¬]-∂ß - ƒ°v ta¬ Npa-Øp∂ \nIp-Xn-If- mWv ]tcm-£\ - n-Ip-Xn-Iƒ. ]tcm-£\n-Ip-Xn°v ]I-ca- mWv hm‰v (hmeyp GUUv SmIvkv) hcp-∂Xv. {Ib-hn-{I-bØ - ns‚ Hmtcm L´-Ønepw (D¬]m-ZI - ¿ apX¬ D]-t`m-‡mhv hsc) D¬]-∂Ø - n\v ta¬ hcp∂ aqey-h¿≤\-hn\v \nIpXn \¬tI≠n hcpw. hm‰v F-∂m¬ C{X Xs∂.

F¥n-\m-Wv hm‰v. F¥mWv Cu ]≤-Xn-bpsS ]n∂n¬ BtKm-fa- p-Xe - m-fnØw Hfn-®p-sh-®n-´p≈ AP-≠? efn-Xa- mbn ]d-™m¬ \nIpXn _m[yX F√m-h¿°pw Xpeyam-°p-Ibpw \nIpXn sImSp-°m-Øh - s- c \nIpXn he-bn¬ IpSp-°p-Ib - p-amWv hm‰v sNøp-∂X - v. \nIpXn `mcw Ipd-®m¬ hntZi apX-em-fn-amsc BI¿jn-°m-sa∂pw, sF.-Fw.-F^ - v. `mj-bn¬ kmº-ØnI hf¿® ssIh-cn-°m-sa∂pw hm‰n-s\°p-dn®v hmNm-ea- m-Ip-∂h - ¿ ]d™p ]c-Øp-∂p. Ata-cn-°bn¬ ]s£ hm‰n-√. ImcWw efn-Xw. \nc-h[n s^U-d¬ tÉp-Iƒ tN¿∂-XmWv Ata-cn-°. Hmtcm kwÿm-\Ø - n\pw Ah-cpsS kmº-ØnI Bh-iy-߃°v A\p-kr-Xa- mbn \nIpXn-Iƒ ]ncn-°m-\p≈ Ah-Imiw hm‰v Ih¿s∂-Sp-°pw. AXp-sIm≠v s^U-d¬ kz`m-ha- p≈ cmjv{S-ßf- n¬ hm‰v {]mtbm-Kn-Itam \oXo-Ic- n-°m-hp-∂tXm A√. C¥ybpw Hcp s^U-d¬ cmjv{S-am-Wt- √m. ]ns∂-sbt¥ ChnsS hm‰v F∂mhpw tNmZyw.

C¥ysb H‰-It- ºm-fa- m-°n-am-‰m≥ "Ak-aX - z-ßs- fm-∂p-an√msX' apX-em-fn-am¿°v hf-cm≥ cmPy-Øns‚ s^U-dƒ kz`mhw Xs∂ X - I - ¿°msX ]‰ptam? Adn-bm-at√m; kwÿm-\ß - f- psS kzX-{¥-\n-IpXn LS-\I - ƒ A´n-ad- n-bp-tºmƒ `c-Wh - y-hÿ Xs∂ A´n-ad- n-bp-Ib - mWv sNøp-I. hcp-am-\ß - ƒ Ipd-bp-tºmƒ ]ns∂ F¥n-\mWv Hcp kwÿm\ `c-WI - q-Sw. `cWw tI{μo-Ir-Xa- m-bm¬ aXn-bt√m. Hc¿∞-Øn¬ hm‰v C¥y-bpsS `c-WL - S- \ - bv°pw kwkvIr-Xn°pw s^U-d¬ kz`m-hØ - n\pw `mjm kaq-l߃°pw G¬°p∂ amc-Ia- mb apdn-hm-bn-cn-°pw. P\m-[n-

]Xy hyh-ÿsb AXv XI¿°pw. Fß-s\-sb-∂t√? D¬]m-Z\ - Ø - n\v taep≈ \nIp-Xn-b√ hm‰v. aqey-Øn-\p≈ h¿≤-\-hn-\mWv \nIpXn ]ncn-°p-∂-Xv. b{¥-߃°pw \nt£-]ß - ƒ°pw hm‰n¬ \nIp-Xn-bn-fh - p-≠.v F∂m¬ sXmgnem-fn-°p≈ sNehv AYhm Iqen \nIp-Xn-hn-t[-ba- m-Wv. sXmgn-emfn Fs∂mcp hn`m-KsØ Aßv Fen-an-t\‰v sNøm≥ hm‰v Hcm-bp-[a- m-hp-∂Xv At∏m-gm-Wv. hfsc sNdnb hyhkm-bß - fpw Im¿jnI {][m-\a- mb D¬]-∂ß - fpw hm‰n¬ apßn-ba- c- p-Ibpw Un∏m¿´vsa‚v tÃm¿ bpKw hcn-Ibpw sNøpw. {KmaoW hyh-km-bhpw Irjnbpw ]e-hy-⁄\ - I - S- Ifpsa√mw Ct∏mƒ Xs∂ A¥y-izmkw hen®p XpS-ßn-bn´p-≠.v hm‰v h∂m¬ acWw \n›-bw. apX-em-fn-ØØ - ns‚ hm‰v AP≠ CXv Xs∂. hm‰v Iºyq-´¿ Iº-\n-Iƒ°v CØncn I®-hSw Dd-∏n-®p-sIm-Sp-°pw. k¶o¿Æ-amb IW°v kq£n°m≥ Iºyq-´¿ C√msX ]‰n-√t- √m. hm‰v aqey-h¿-≤h - √, cmPyØns‚ aqey-tim-jW - Ø - ns‚ e£-Wa- m-Wv.


em‰n-\-ta-cn° Nph-°p-∂p. s]mfn™pt]mb {]Xn-hn-πhw sh\n-tkze Hcp Zcn-{Z-cm-jv{S-a√- . 2001¬ Ahn-SpsØ {]Xo-io¿£h-cp-am\w 5073 tUmf-dm-bn-cp-∂p. {]Xn-Zn\w 3.1 Zi-e£w _mc¬ FÆ-bp¬∏m-Zn-∏n-°p-Ibpw 2.6 Zi-e-£w _mc¬ Ib-‰p-aXn sNøpIbpw BWv sh\n-tkz-e. F∂m¬ sh\n-tkz-e-bnse 50 iX-am\w P\-ßfpw Zmcn-{Zy-tc-J-bv°-Sn-bn-emWv (1 tUmf¿ {]Xn-Zn-\-h-cp-am-\ap-≈-h¿). 2001se sXmgn-en-√mbvam \nc°v 14 iX-am-\-am-bn-cp-∂p. Irjnbpw hyh-km-bhpw AhnsS IWn-Im-Wm≥ t]mepw In´n-√-s{X. F¥m-Wn-Xns‚ A¿∞w? sh\n-tkz-e-bpsS tZiob hcp-am-\-Øns‚ 45 iX-am-\hpw 10 iXam\w AXn-k-º-∂¿°p-≈-Xm-Wv. Ah-cpsS am{Xw {]Xn-io¿j-h-cpam-\-sa-Sp-Øm¬ am\w-ap-´p-sa-∂v Npcp°w. Cu sh\n-tkz-e-bn¬, 1998¬ 56 iX-am\w thm´v t\Sn lyqtKm Nmthkv A[n-Im-c-Øn¬ h∂p. Hcp ]gb ]´m-f-°m-c≥, ]cp-°≥, ISpØ CS-Xp-]£ - ° - m-c≥..... A¥m-cmjv{S am[y-aß - ƒ At∂ ]pebm-´m-cw-`n-®p. 1958 apX¬ sh\n-tkz-e-bnse AXn-hn-]p-e-amb FÆti-Jcw sIm≠v XSn-®p-sIm-gpØ, k - º - ∂ - c- psS `c-WI - p-ØI s]mfn®p-sIm≠v Hcp ]cp-°≥ tkmjy-en-Ãp-Im-c≥ A[n-Imcw ]nSn-®m¬ ]pe-bm-´p-Ib - √ - msX F¥v thWw? 1961se `c-WL - S- \ Nmthkv XncpØn-sb-gp-Xn. Ak-a-Xz-ß-fpsS ]dp-Zo-k-bn¬ P\-Iob ]£-]m-Xap≈ kmº-ØnI \b-߃ \S-∏m-°m-\m-cw-`n-®p. Im¿jnI hymhkm-bnI \nt£]w \S-ØmsX hf¿®-bp-≠m-hn-s√∂v At±lw Xpd∂p ]d-™p. `q]-cn-jvI-c-Whpw hne-\n-b-{¥-Whpw h∂p. FÆapX-em-fn-am-cpsS Iº-\n-I-fn¬ k¿°m¿ Ub-d-IvS¿amsc \nban-®p. H∂√ \mev {]Xn-hn-π-h-{i-a-߃ \S-Øn-bmWv sh\n-tkz-ebnse apX-em-fn-am¿ {]Xn-I-cn-®-Xv. Nnen-bn¬ Ae-s‚sb sIm∂Xv t]mse Nmth-kns\ th´-bm-Sp-hm≥ h≥ FÆ°º-\n-Iƒ Atacn° AS-°-ap≈ cmjv{S-ß-fpsS ]n¥p-W-tbmsS Hcp alm-bp-≤am-Wv Bcw-`n-®-Xv. 2002 G{]n¬amkw Nmth-kns\ ÿm\-{`-jvS\m°n F∂v temI-amsI hm¿Ø ]c-∂p. AXn-k-º-∂-cpsS Iqen∏S {]kn-U-≠ns‚ sIm´m-c-hm-Xn-en¬ \nc∂p-\n-∂pw, sSen-hn-j≥ tÃj-\n¬ Cc-®p-I-b-dnbpw \S-Ønb Iq∏n\v 24 aWn-°q¿ Bbp-

p-≠m-bn-√. ]Øn aS-°nb apX-em-fn-am-cpsS FÆ-I-º\n-I-fn¬ Nmthkv Xs‚ D‰ A\p-bm-bnbpw I£n t\Xm-hp-amb B¬{^tUm sdbvdmsb Ub-d-IvS-dmbn \nb-an-®Xv Ahsc ho≠pw {]tIm-]n-∏n-®p. Iº-\n-I-fpsS Ub-d-IvS¿am¿ cmPn-sh-®p-sIm-≠mWv {]Xn-I-cn-®-Xv. Ah-km\w Iº\n amt\P¿amcpw sXmgn-em-fn-Ifpw AWn-\n-c-∂p-sIm-≠p≈ ]Wn-ap-S°v ka-chpw Bcw-`n-®p. c≠p amkw \o≠p \n∂ ]Wn-ap-S°ns\ AXn-Zc- n-{Z-cmb 90 iam\w hcp∂ sh\n-tkz-e-bnse ]mh-߃°v th≠n \n›-b-Zm¿Vy-tØmsS Nmthkv t\cn-´p. FÆ-bp¬∏m-Z\w IpØs\ Ipd-™n´pw P\߃°v ]pXp-Xmbn bmsXm∂pw \jvS-s∏-´n-´ns√-∂Xv Cu kacw ]n≥h-en®v kz¥w sIm´m-cß - f- n-te°v aS-ßm≥ apX-em-fn-amsc \n¿_‘n® LS-I-am-Wv. 1958 apX¬ cm-Py-Øns‚ FÆ-bq-‰p∂ Ah¿ AXn-semcp iX-am\w t]mepw tZiob JP-\m-hn-tet°m hymh-kmbnI Im¿jnI hnI-k-\-߃t°m th≠n \nt£-]n-®n-´n-√. {]IrXn I\n™p \¬Inb 78 _ney≥ _mc¬ FÆ \nt£]w Ah¿ ]¶ns´-Sp-Ø-X-√msX cmjv{S-Øn-s\m∂pw In´n-bn-√. s^{_p-hcn 28\v (]pXnb \q‰m-≠n¬) apX-em-fnØw kwL-Sn-∏n® Cu {]Xn-hn-πhw s]mfn-™-Xn-s‚ thZ-\-tbm-sS-bm-Wv, sh\n-tkz-ebnse FÆ-bpsS 15 iX-am\w kzoI-cn-°p∂ Ata-cn° Cdm-°n\v ta¬ anssk¬ h¿jn-°m≥ Cd-ßn-b-Xv. em‰n-\-ta-cn-°-bnse Cu sNdnb cmjv{Sw Ftßm-´mWv \oßp-∂-Xv ? Ahn-SpsØ apJy `c-Wm-[n-Imcn Xs∂ AXp hni-Zo-Ic- n-°p∂p ""A¥mcmjv{S D¬]m-Z\ hyh-ÿ-bpw Itºmf hyh-ÿbpw tN¿∂ cmjv{Sob kwhn-[m-\Ø - n\v _Z-embn k¥p-jvSa- m-sbmcp kaq-lsØ krjvSn-°m\mWv R߃ {ian-°p-∂Xv-v.'' BtKm-f-ap-X-em-fn-Ø-Øn\v _Ztem? {]Xn-hn-πh - Ø - ns‚ ]c-ºc- I - ƒ Nmth-kns\ ImØn-cn-°p-∂p-sh-∂mWv Cu \ne-]m-Sns‚ A¿∞w. sh\n-tkz-ebv°v th≠n temI-am-sI-bp≈ ASn-®¿Ø-s∏-Sp-∂-h-cpsS lrZ-b-߃Xp-Sn-°p-∂Xv AXp-sIm≠mWv. Nmthkpw sh\n-tkz-ebpw AXn-Po-hn-°psa¶n¬ AXv Cu sIm®p tIc-f-Øn¬ \S-°m≥ t]mIp∂ IpSn-sh-≈-Øn\v th≠n-bp≈ -t]mcm-´sØ hsc i‡-ambn apt∂m´v \bn-°pw. AXp Xo¿®. 

em‰n-\-ta-cn° Nph-°p-∂p. Ata- c n- ° ≥ km{am- P y- X z- Ø ns‚ {]Xn- h n- π - h - { i- a ߃s°-Xnsc P\-ßsf AWn-\n-cØn {]Xn-tcm-[n®v apt∂-dp∂ sh\n-tkze-bnse lyqtKm-Nm-thkpw, C¥ybpsS aq∂n-c´n hep-∏-ap≈ {_ko-en¬ A[n-Im-c-ta‰ CS-Xp-]-£-{]-kn-U≠v eqem Unkn¬h-bpw, A¿P‚o\-bn¬ ]pXp-Xmbn A[n-Im-cØ - n¬ h∂ CS-Xp-]£ - ° - mc-\mb {]kn-U≠v s\ÿ In¿®-\dpw, tkmjy-enÃv Iyq_-bp-sSbpw BtKm-f-h¬°-cW hncp-≤-t]m-cm-´-ßfp-sSbpw \mb-I≥ ^nU¬ Imkvt{Smbpw sabv 25\v _yqWkv sFtb¿kn¬ (A¿P‚o-\b - psS Xe-ÿm\w) HØp-tN¿∂p! BtKm-f-h¬°-c-W-Øns‚ Xo Xo‰p∂ A\p-`-h-߃ A¿P‚o-\-bn¬ cmjv{Sob am‰-ap-≠m-°p∂-Xn-\p-t]mepw hgn-sh-°p-Ib - m-sW∂v sXfn-bn® {]knU≠v sXc-s™-Sp-∏n\v tijw, ]pXnb {]kn-U-≠ns‚ ÿm\m-tcm-lW NS-ßn-emWv Ch-scm-∂n-®-Xv. apX-emfnØ Nqj-WØ - n-s\-Xn-sc-bp≈ P\-Iob t]mcm-´ß - sf temIw G‰p-hm-ßp-I-bm-sW∂v hnfn-®-dn-bn-°p∂ hnPb-ß-fmWv sh\n-tkz-e-bn¬ \n∂pw {_ko¬ hgn A¿P‚o-\-bn¬ FØn-bn-´p-≈-Xv. _Z¬ hnI-k\ \bßfpw P\-\-∑bneq-∂nb cmjv{Sob ImgvN-∏m-Sp-Ifpw

hnI-kn-∏n-®p-sIm≠v ]pXn-b -temI{Iaw krjvSn-°p-∂-Xn\v Cu em‰n-\-ta-cn-°≥ hnP-b-߃ IqSp-X¬ thK-Xbpw sXfn-abpw \¬Ipw.

amXr-`qan 10


{^m≥kn¬ t]mcm-´-ß-fpsS alm-{]-hmlw BtKm-fh - ¬°-cW - Ø - ns‚ Ai\n-]m-XØ - n¬ sNdp-Øp\n¬∏p-Ifpw,t]m-cm-´ß - fpw temI-amsI i‡n{]m]n-°p-IbmWv.

{]Xn-I-c-W-߃.... k: {]Imiv Imcm´v Fgp-Xp∂p

{^m≥knse s]mXp-hn-Zym-eb - ß - f- n¬ \n∂pw 5600 kvIqƒ A≤ym]-Is- cbpw 2000 Xm¬°m-enI tImtfPv A≤ym-]I - s- cbpw ]ncn®-b° - p-sa∂ {]Jym-]\ - Ø - n-s\-Xnsc 2003 P\p-hcn 28\v cmPy-hym]-Ia- mbn ]Wn-ap-S° - n. {^m≥knse 50 \K-cß - f- n¬ ]Wn-ap-S° - nb A≤ym-]I - c- psS Iq‰≥ dmen-Iƒ \S-∂p. {^©v Fb¿sse≥ kzIm- c y- h ¬°- c - W - Ø n- s \- X nsc Fb¿{^m≥kv ss]e-‰p-am-cpsS 9 kwL-S\ - I - ƒ tN¿∂v \S-Ønb ]Wn-ap-S°v ImcWw {^m≥kns‚ BIm-iK - X - m-KXw kºq¿Æambn \ne-®p. 2003 am¿®v 12-\m-bn-cp∂p Cu kacw \S-∂X - v. Ncn-{X-Ønse G‰hpw hen-sbmcp ]Wn-ap-S°v Cu sabv 13\v {^m≥kns\ ho≠pw \n›-ea- m-°n. hnam\w / tdmUv / sdbn¬ KXm-KXw ]q¿Æ-ambn kvXw`n-®p. kvIqfp-Ifpw t]mÃvH- m-^o-kpIfpw k¿°m¿ Hm^o-kp-Ifpw AS™p InS-∂p. cmPy-ØmsI \qdn¬ ]cw h≥ {]Xn-tj[ dmen-IfmWv \S-∂X - v. Xe-ÿm\ \Kcn-bmb ]mco-kn¬ am{Xw 15 {]Xn-tj[ {]I-S\ - ß - ƒ \S∂p! 5 e£w ]mcokv \nhm-kn-Iƒ sXcp-hn-em-W∂v InS-∂p-dß - n-bX - v. {^m≥kn-s‚ sXcp-hp-Iƒ sXmgn-em-fn-Iƒ ]nSn-®S- ° - n-bXv `c-WIq-SsØ h√msX Atem-kc- s- ∏-Sp-Øn-sb∂v {][m-\a- {¥nbpsS {]kvXm-h\ Xs∂ sXfn-bn-°p-∂p.... " sXcp-hp-Iƒ cmPyw `cn-°m≥ A\p-hZ- n-°n-√..... Rm≥ N¿®bv°v Xøm-dm-Wv...'' s]≥j≥ ]cn-jI v c- W - Ø - n-s\-Xnsc Pq¨ 10\v {^m≥kn¬ ho≠pw s]mXp-]W - n-ap-S°v \S-∂p. 40 h¿jw tPmen sNbvXmte ]q¿Æs]≥j≥ e`n°q F∂ _n¬ {][m-\a- {- ¥n Pn≥ ]nbdn ]m¿esa‚n¬ Ah-Xc- n-∏n-®p. Cu kabw ]Wn-ap-S° - nb sXmgn-em-fn-Iƒ ]m¿e-sa‚v D]-tcm-[n-®p. _n¬ ]n≥h-en-®n-s√-¶n¬ AXn-i‡ - a- mb ka-cß - ƒ XpS-cp-sa∂v kn.-Pn.-Sn. (C-SX - p-]£ t{SUv bqWn-b\ - pIƒ) Kh¨sa‚n\v ap∂-dn-bn∏v \¬In Hcp amk-Øn-\nsS \S°p∂ aq∂m-asØ s]mXp-]W - n-ap-S° - mWv CXv.

F¥n\mWv Cu t]mcm´ßƒ? cmPyØv \ne-hn-ep≈ s]≥j≥ ]≤-Xn-Iƒ A´n-ad- n-°m-\p≈ k¿°m¿ \o°-Øn-s\-Xn-sc-bm-Wv kac߃ \S°p∂Xv. ac-W\n-c°v Ipd-bp-Ibpw P\-߃ IqSp-X¬ Imew Pohn-®n-cn-°p-Ibpw sNøp∂Xv ImcWw s]≥j≥ ^≠p-Iƒ ]m∏-cm-hp-Ib - m-Ws{X! ]pXp-Xmbn \nb-a\ - ß - ƒ C√m-ØXpw s]≥j≥ ^≠n-te°v sXmgnem-fn-If- p-sSbpw k¿°m-cn-s‚bpw kw`m-h\ AXn-`o-aa- mbn Ipdbp-Ibpw sNøp-∂X - n-\m¬ s]≥j≥ ^≠p-Iƒ A\p-Zn\w timjn®p-h-cp-∂p-sh-∂mWv k¿°m¿ `mjyw! s]≥j≥ sh´n-Ip-dbv°pIbpw s]≥j\v A¿lX t\Sm-\p≈ k¿Δokv Zo¿Ln-∏n°p-Ibpw sNøp-Ib - mWv k¿°m¿ sNbvXXv. IqSp-X¬ Imew ]Wn-sb-Sp-Ømte s]≥j≥ e`n-°p-Ib - p-≈q-sh-∂pw, e`n-°p∂ s]≥j≥ Ct∏m-gp-ff- X - ns‚ t\¿]-Ip-Xn-bm-°p-sa-∂pw k¿°m¿ Xn´qcw Cd°n-bX - n-s\-Xn-sc-bm-bn-cp-∂p AXn-kº - ∂ - c- psS ]dp-Zok-If- n-sem-∂mb {^m≥knse A©v Zi-e£w ]Wn-sb-Sp-°p-∂h¿ sXcp-hn-en-d-ßn-b-Xv! sXmgnepw, s]≥j\pw, F¥n\v hm¿≤Iyw t]mepw BtKm-fh - ¬°-cWw Zpc-¥] - q¿Æ-am-°p-sa∂v hnI-knX apX-em-fnØ \mSp-Iƒ \sΩ ]d™v ]Tn∏n-°p-∂p....! tkmhn-b‰v bqWn-bs‚ Akm-∂n[yw IcpØv ]I-cp∂ apX-emfnØw Zcn-{Z-cm-j{v S-ßsf NqjWw sNbvXp-sIm-≠p-t]m-hp-∂X - ns‚ Hcp hnlnXw Xß-fpsS sXmgn-em-fn-Iƒ°v hoXw sh®n-cp-∂nXv IqSn Ct∏mƒ ths≠∂v sh®p-sh-∂m- Wv CXv sXfn-bn-°p-∂X - v. THE HINDU

PEOPLE AGAINST GLOBALISATION (PAG) \v

th≠n tIc-f-mtÉv P\-d¬ C≥jq-d≥kv Fwtπm-bokv bqWn-b\pw

LIC Fwtπm-bokv bqWn-b≥ tImgn-t°mSv Unhn-j\pw tN¿∂v (AIIEA) s]mXp-Xm¬]-cy-{]-Imcw tImgn-t°mSv \n∂v {]kn-≤o-I-cn-°p-∂Xv

sabv ˛ Pq¨ 2003 \º¿ ˛20

FUn-‰nMv, teHu-´v, Ipdn-∏p-Iƒ : AP-b≥.

DTP & Layout : DataCare, Calicut, Printed at : Kairali Offset Prints, Calicut

11

amt\-PnwKv FUn-‰¿ : cta-ivIp-am¿,


AXn-k-º-∂-cpsS \m´n¬, ka-c-߃ \nXy-kw-`-h-am-hp-I-bm-Wv. hyh-km-bß - ƒ [mcm-fa- p≈ {^m≥kn¬ Ign™ c≠p-am-kØ - n¬ 10 {]hrØn Znh-kß - ƒ kºq¿Æ _μm-bn-cp-∂p. kvIqfn¬ ¢mkp-Iƒ \S-°m-Xm-bn´v BgvNI-fm-bn. t]mì Poh-\° - mcpw Xpd-apJ sXmgn-em-fn-If- pw tdmUv tSmƒ ]ncnhvImcpw hsc ka-cØ - n-em-Wv. Cu Ign™ Pq¨ 3\v ]mcokv \K-cØ - nse 150 Intem-ao-‰¿ \of-ap≈ \nc-Øp-Iƒ ]Wn-ap-S° - nb sXmgn-em-fn-Is- f-sIm≠v \nds™m-gp-In-bs- {X. ""kΩm\-ag''s]øn-°p∂ h¿Ø-am\ ]{X-߃ {^m≥kn¬ A∂v A-®S- n-°m≥ Ign-™n-√s- {X. s{Sbn\pw hnam-\KXm-KX - hpw kvXw`n®p. \nim-¢∫ - p-If- n¬ IqØm-Sm≥ hcp-∂h - ¿ \K-ch - o-Yn-If- n¬ izmkw Ign-°m-\mImsX ho¿∏p ap´n-bs- {X. AsX s]≥j≥ ]≤-Xn-Iƒ A´n-ad- n-°p-∂X - n-s\Xnsc {^m≥kn¬ \S-°p∂ P\-Iob t]mcm´w temI-am-sI-bp≈ sXmgn-em-fnIsf Bthiw sIm≈n-°p-∂X - m-Wv. ka-cß - ƒ°v ]Icw l¿Øm¬ \S-Øm≥ ]d-bp∂ tImS-Xn-Ifpw cmjv{So-bØ - n\v ]Icw PmXn ]d-bm≥ hn[n-sb-gp-Xp∂ \oXn \ymb hyh-ÿbpw {^m≥kn-ent√ F∂mhpw \ΩpsS \m´nse CS-Øc- °mcpw `c-W-h¿§hpw hymIp-e-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv. I≈v apX-em-fn-am¿°v apºn¬ ap≠gn®n´v A‰≥j-\m-hp∂ C-Øc- ° - m¿°v I≠p-]T- n-°m≥ {^m≥kn¬ CXn\p-]p-dsa thsdmcp ka-chpw \S-∂n-´p-≠v. temI-Ønse 8 hyh-kmb cmjv{S-Øe-h≥am-cpsS ktΩ-f\ - w {^m≥knse "Chn-bm≥' \K-cØ - n¬ \S-°p-tºmƒ _lp-

P E O P L E

A G A I N S T

P-\-tcmjw AW-s]m-´n-sbm-gp-In-sb-∂mWv am[y-a-߃ Fgp-Xn-bX - v. temI-hym-]m-ck - w-LS- \ - b - psS Bÿm-\a- mb P\oh apX¬ Chn-bm≥ hsc bp≤-°f- a- m°n am‰m≥ {ian® `c-WI - q-SsØ e£-°W - ° - n-\m-fp-Iƒ tN¿∂v hnd∏n-®p-sh-∂mWv dnt∏m¿´v. 25,000 ]´m-f° - mcpw A{X-Xs∂ t]meokpw Imh¬ \n∂n-´pw hyh-kmb IpØ-II - f- psS c£n-Xm-°ƒ P\-tcmjØn¬ InSnew sIm≠p. Pn˛8 cmjv{S-Øe - h - ∑ - m-cpsS ktΩ-f\ - Ø - nse hncp∂v k¬°mc-߃ P\-Iob {]Xn-tcm-[Ø - n¬ \mWw sI´p-sh-∂mWv ]{X-߃ Fgp-Xn-bX - v. PmY \S-Øm\pw ssa°v sh°m\pw Ip™n-t∏m-eokns‚ A\p-aXn hmßp-∂t- XmsS hyh-km-bß - ƒ hcp-sa-∂mWv tIc-f-Ønse Kh¨sa‚v ]d-bp-∂-Xv. "AXv Iptdsbms° icn-bt√' F∂v kwi-bn-°p-∂h - cpw \ap°v Np‰n\p-ap-≠v. apX-em-fn-Øc- m-jv{S-߃ P\-tcm-jØ - n¬ BSnbp-eb - p-Ib - mWv F∂v \n߃ Adn-bp-I. AXn-kº - ∂ - cpsS \m´n¬ ka-cß - ƒ \nXy-kw-`h - a- m-hp-Ib - m-Wv.

G L O B A L I S A T I O N

BtKm-f-h¬°-c-W-Øn-s\-Xnsc

P\-߃

icn-bmWv... ka-cß - ƒ I®-hS- Ø - n\v XS- a- m-W.v ....! Pew hn¬°p-∂p-sh∂v ]d-bp-tºmƒ \Ωƒ Xs∂ hn¬°-s∏-Sp-Ib - mWv sNøp-∂Xv. 20,000 slIvS¿ hcp∂ ]me-°m-S≥ s\¬h-be - p-If- n¬ sh≈-sa-Øn-°m-Xn-cp∂m¬ s\√v hf-cn-s√∂pw InW-dp-If- n-te°v Du¿∂n-dß - p-∂X - n\v sh≈-ap-≠m-hns√∂pam-Wv A¿∞w. `£-Whpw IpSn-sh-≈h - p-an-√msX Hcp P\X B{‘-bn¬ sImSpw-Nq-Sn¬ sh¥pNmhp-∂X - p-t]mse Chn-sSbpw NØp-Xo-cpw. I©n-t°ms´ hyh-km-bß - ƒ°v ae-ºpg Umanse sh≈w "hnh≠n' F∂ _lp-cm-jv{S-`o-a≥ hgn FØn-®p-sIm-SpØv AXns‚ ]Ww hmßn [q¿Ø-Sn-°m\pw IΩo-j\ - mbn In´p∂Xv kznkv _m¶nse cl-ky-Ad- I - f- n¬ \nt£-]n-°m\pw ]pd-s∏-´p-t]mb tIc-fØnse Kh¨sa‚n\v ]s£ bm{X XpS-cm-\m-bn-√. s]cn-bm¿ apX¬ ae-ºpg Umw hsc hn‰v hyhkm-bn-Isf sh≈w IpSn-∏n-°m≥ 2002 sabv 15\v tN¿∂ a{¥n-k`- mtbm-Ka- mWv Xocp-am-\n-®X - v. sIm®n-bnse hyh-km-bß - ƒ°pw \K-cØ - nse kº-∂cpsS \mbv°sf Ipfn-∏n-°m\pw th≠n-bp≈ Pe-hn-Xc- W ]≤-Xn-bpsS BtKm-fsS-≠¿ 35 e£w cq] apS°n £Wn-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp \ΩpsS `c-WI - q-Sw. ae-ºpg Umans‚ {]mY-anI I®-hS- ° - c- m¿ A\p-kc- n®v 80 iX-am\w sh≈w hnh≠n°v sImSp-°pw. 20 iX-am\w IpSn-sh-≈Ø - n\v th≠n am‰n-sh-bv°p-as- {X. tIcf-Øn¬ Im¿jn-Im-hi - y-Øn\v sh≈-sa-Øn-°p∂ GI Pe-tk-N\ ]≤-Xn-bmWv aeºp-g. th\¬°m-esØ s]m≈p∂ NqSnepw ]me-°ms´ hb¬ hc-ºp-If- n-eqsS \S∂p \oßp∂ I¿j-Ic- psS hwiw Cu Umans‚ krjvSn-bm-Wv. ae-ºpg hn¬°m\-\p-hZ- n-°n-s√∂v Bt{Im-in-®p-sIm≠v Ign™ s^{_p-hcn 20\v 40,000 ]me-°m´p-Im¿ ae-ºpg Uman\v Np‰pw a\p-jy-aX - n¬ sI´nbpb¿Øn-bXv AXp-sIm-≠mWv. s]cn-bm¿ XocØpw ]ºm-\Z- n-°c- b - nepw ao\-®e - m-dns‚ Hmc-ßf- n-ep-sa√mw a\p-jycpsS {]Xn-tcm-[a- p-b¿∂p-Xp-Sß - n-bt∏mƒ tIc-fØ - nse `c-Wm-[n-Im-cn-Iƒ I®-hSw X¬°mew \n¿Øn-sh-®n-cn-°p-Ib - m-Wv.

H∂p IÆS-®m¬ \Ωƒ Nph-Sp-d∏ - n-®p-\n¬°p∂ a¨Xcn t]mepw Ah¿ hn‰p-s]-dp-°p-sa∂v Npcp-°w. CsXm∂pw Xßsf _m[n-°p∂ Imcy-as- √∂v CS-bv°nsS ]d™v kam-[m-\n-°p∂ tIc-f-Ønse CS-Ø-c-°m¿°v s]m≈p∂ Cu kXyw F∂mWv t_m[yw hcn-I. ka-cß - s- fms° I®-hS- Øn\v XS- a- m-sW∂v Hcm-bncw h´w G‰p-]d- ™v Xß-fpsS tIm¨{Io‰v AI-Øf- ß - f- n¬ AS-bn-cn-°p∂ Chcpw; tIm¨{K pw _n.-sP.-]n-bp-am-bXn¬ A`n-am-\n®p \S-°p∂ Ah-cpsS _‘p-°f- p-sam-s°-bmWv IpSn-sh≈w kwc-£n-°m≥ th≠n-bp≈ P\-Iob t]mcm-´ß - f- psS {][m\ KpW-t`m-‡m°ƒ F∂p-IqSn \ap°v a\- n-em-°mw! 12

Fs‚ hnc¬Øp-ºp-Iƒ lrZ-b-c-‡-Øn¬ sXm´n-cn-°p-tºmƒ t]\bpw ajnbpw Ih¿s∂-Sp-°-s∏-´-Xn-s\°p-dn®v Rms\-¥n\v hymIp-e-s∏-S-Ww..........? Fs∂ ]q´nb Nß-e-bpsS Hmtcm IÆn-bnepw F\n°v Hmtcm \mhp-≈-t∏mƒ Fs‚ hmbvaq-Sn-s°´n-b-Xn-s\-°p-dn®v Rms\-¥n\v hymIp-e-s∏-S-Ww......? -˛ s^bvkv Al-ΩZv s^bvkv

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