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temI-samcp Imen-sØm-gp-Øm-hm-Xn-cn-°m≥.... Hcp ]c-am-[n-Imc cmjv{S-sØ \·-ambn _em¬kwKw sNøp∂ Ata-cn°; \ap-s°¥v sNøm≥ Ign-bpw....? temIsØ AWn-\n-cØn Hcp Iq´-_-em¬kw-K-amWv kz]v\w I≠-Xv. sFIycm-jv{S-k-`-bpsS Hcp kΩ-X-]{Xw Fgp-Xn-hm-ßm≥ Ign™ 6 amk-ambn Ah¿ \S-Ønb \o°-߃ hnPbw I≠n-s√∂v am{X-a-√, \pW-t_mw-_p-Iƒ \ncØn temIm-`n-{]mbw A\p-Iq-e-am-°m≥ \S-Ønb {ia-ß-sf√mw ]cm-P-b-s∏-Sp-Ibpw sNbvXp. F∂n´pw Hcp P\-Xbv°v ta¬ ac-W-Øns‚ s]cp-ag h¿jn-°p-IbmWv Ah¿. A¥m-cmjv{S acym-Ztbm sFIy-cmjv{S k`-bpsS Zp¿_-e-amb \oXn-k-a-hm-Iy-ßtfm t]mepw hne-sh-°msX Hcp cmjv{SsØ Np´p-sIm-√p-Ibm-W-h¿. skIyq-cn‰n Iu¨knense aq∂v ÿncmw-K-ß-fpsS "hot‰m'tbm 12 cmjv{S-ß-fpsS FXn¿t∏m Ata-cn-°°v {]iv\-a-√-s{X! 165 AwK-cm-jv{S-߃ Xpd-s∂-Xn¿°p-tºmgpw Cdm-°n\v ta¬ t_mw_v h¿jn-°m-\pw AhnsS XßfpsS ]mh Kh¨sa‚ ns\ {]Xn-jvTn-°m\pw Ata-cn-°°v Ah-Im-i-ap-≠-s{X. P\m-[n-]X - y-Øn\pw kzmX-{¥y-Øn\pw th≠n Ae-ap-db - n-Sp-∂h - c - pw, "IΩyq-WnÃv `oI-cX - '-bvs°-Xnsc BtKmf sFIyw ]Sp-Øp-b¿Øp-∂h - cp-sa√mw hms]m-fn®p t\m°n \n¬t° A[n-\n-th-iØ - ns‚bpw ^mkn-kØ - n-s‚bpw A-hX - mcaq¿Ønbmbn Ata-cn° ]cn-h¿Ø-\-s∏-Sp-∂p! ]nS™p acn-°p∂ Ip™p-ßtfm, sh¥p Nmc-am-Ip∂ a\p-jytcm A√, I®-hS-Øns‚ em`hpw IpØ-Ibpw ]nSn-®-S-°p-∂-Xn¬ am{X-amWv Ah¿°v Xm¬]cy-sa∂v ]®-bmbn {]Jym-]n°s∏-Sp-∂p. apX-em-fn-Ø-Øns‚ Bcm-[-I¿ t]mepw Hcp tkmhn-b‰v bqWn-bs‚ Akm-∂n-[y-sØ-°p-dn®v thh-emXn sIm≈p-∂p! BtKm-f-h¬°-cWØns‚ A[n-\n-thi X{¥-߃ ^mkn-k-Øns‚ Bt{Imi-ambn ]cn-W-an-°p-∂Xv I≠v _Z-ep-I-fn-s√∂v BW-bn´v \S-∂-h¿ _Z-ep-Iƒ Db¿∂v hcm≥ {]m¿∞n-°p-∂-h-cmbn "]cp-h-s∏-´p"-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂p. Ign™ \q‰m-≠nse tImf\n hncp≤t]mcm-´-ß-fpsS i‡n t{kmX v tkmjy-enÃv hyh-ÿbpw AXp-b¿Ønb aqey-ß-fp-am-bn-cp-∂p-sh∂v apcØ apX-em-fnØ ]£-]m-Xn-Iƒ t]mepw Ct∏mƒ G‰p-]-d-bp-∂p ! Cu bp≤-Øn-s\-Xn-sc-bp≈ \nß-fpsS Hcp hm°p-t]mepw km{am-P yXz A[n\n-th-i-Øn-s\-Xn-sc-bp≈ K¿÷-\-am-bn-cn-°p-sa-∂pw km{am-P yXz BtKm-fh¬°-cW - Ø - n-s\-Xn-sc-bp≈ ]S-sbm-cp-°a- m-bn-cn-°p-sa∂pw Xncn-®d- n-bp-sa¶n¬ I∂p-Im-en-I-fn¬ \n∂v hyXykvX-amsbmcp `mhn-sb-°p-dn®v \ap-°m-tem-Nn®p XpS-ßmw.......

P E O P L E

A G A I N S T

kZmw lpssk≥ \n¿±-b\ -- mb GIm-[n-]Xn- b m- W - ∂ - t Xm, sIme- ] m- X - I nbm- s W∂tXm B¿°pw Adnbmhp∂ kXyw Xs∂! Abm-fn-√mØ Cdm°v F{Xtbm \√-Xm-bn-cn°pw Xm\pw. F∂m¬ Hcp _pjn- √ m- Ø - X p- s Im≠v Cdm°v am{X-a√ Cu `qtKmfw apgp-h≥ c£-s]Smw! kZm-ans‚ \qdp-a-Sßv A]-IS-Im-cn-bmWv _pjv F∂-Xp-sIm≠v \Ωƒ _pjn\v ta¬ t_mw_n-S-Wtam? \ap°v F¥v sNøm≥ Ign-bpw..... Hm¿Ω-i‡ - ntb aq¿®-bp-≈X - m-°m\pw Ncn{X-Øn¬ \n∂v ]mTw ]Tn-°m\pw \ap°v Ign-bWw! ImX-S-∏n-°pw-hn[w K¿P-\-ap≠m-°p∂ s]mXp-P-\m-`n-{]mbw \ap°v \n¿Ωn-s®-Sp-°m-\m-h-Ww.... Cdm-°n-s\-Xncmb bp≤-sØ, Ata-cn-°≥ {Iqc-X-Iƒ \nc-Øn-sh® Ce-®o-¥m-°n-am-‰m≥ \ap°v Ign-bW - w... {Iqc-Xb - psS ]cym-ba - mb inipLmXI-cpw, Pe-Øn¬ hnjw Ie¿Øp-∂h-cpw, Zqc-Øn-cp∂v Iq´-s°me \S-Øp∂ t_mº¿am-cp-amb _pjn-t\bpw, tSmWn-ªb-dnt\bpw Iq´m-fn-I-tfbpw P\-k-a£w \ap°v hnNmcW sNøm-\m-h-Ww. At\Im-bncw cq]-ßf - n¬ \n l-Ic - W {]ÿm\-߃ ]Sp-Øp-b¿Øm-\m-h-Ww... as‰mc¿∞- Ø n¬ ]d- ™ m¬ At\- I m- b ncw `mh-ß-fn¬ Cu aqV-∑m-cpsS ta¬ thZ\ hmcn-s®m-cn-bm-\m-hWw! -˛ Acp-‘-Xn-tdmbv

G L O B A L I S A T I O N

BtKm-f-h¬°-c-W-Øn-s\-Xnsc

P\-߃

Iog-S-ßn-bm¬ kz¿§w.....! I®-hSw ]nSn°m≥ Iq´-s°me sNøp∂ Atacn° Cdm-°nse ih-i-co-c-߃°v apI-fn¬ 28 Zi-e£w t\m´okv hoX-cWw sNbvXp-h-s{X (A-hnsS BsI 21 Zi-e£w a\p-jy-Po-hn-Itf D≈q). sFIy-cm-jv{S-k-`-bnse 165 AwK-cm-jv{S߃ X≈n-°-f™ Cu bp≤w "P\m-[n-]Xyw' ÿm]n-°m-\p-≈-Xm-sW∂v t\m´o-kn¬ ]dbp∂p! Iog-S-ßn-bm¬ ]´nWn am‰m≥ `£Whpw IpSn-°m≥ sh≈hpw tcmKw am‰m≥ acp∂pw \¬Ip-a-s{X! ]ckyw hmbn®v DW-cm≥ ih-i-co-߃°v Bhm-ØXv Ata-cn-°-bpsS Ip‰-a-√-t√m!

PAG Bulletin Cu e°w 12 t]Pm-Wv. Cdm°vv A[n-\n-thiw ˛ tI{μ _P‰v 2003 ˛ Huj-[-ta-J-e-bpsS BtKm-f-h¬°-cWw ˛ C≥jq-d≥kn¬ kw`-hn-°p-∂Xv ˛ F∂n-h-bmWv {]Xn-]mZy hnj-bw. Suggested Contribution : Rs. 5/-

˛ laoZv ˛ 1


Ata-cn-°≥ B{I-a-W-Øns‚ AWn-b-d-bn-te°v ......... 1991se KÄ^v bp²-¯nsâ sNehv 40 _ney³ tUmfÀ AYhm 2 e£w tImSn cq] Bbn-cp-¶p! BcmWo ]Ww sNe-hn-´-Xv ? Ata-cn-°-bm-sW∂v \Ωƒ ]d-bp-∂p. `mKn-I-ambn am{Xw CXv icn-bm-Wv. F¥p-sIm≠v....?

40 _ney³ tUmfÀ sNe-h-gn-¨Xv C§-s\ :-þ 10 _ney≥ Ata-cn-°-bpsS ]¶v, 30 _ney≥ Ipssh‰pw kuZn Atd-_ybpw tN¿∂v \¬In-b-Xv.

ChÀ¡v Fhn-Sp-¶mWv Cu ]Ww In«n-b-Xv.....? bp≤-Øn\v apºv Hcp _mc¬ Hmbn-ens‚ hne GI-tZiw 15 tUmf-dm-bn-cp-∂p. bp≤-Øn\v tijw AXv 45 Bbn Db¿∂p.

FÆ hym]m-c-Øn¬ \n∂v, bp≤w ImcWw, 60 _ney≥ tUmf¿ A[n-I-em`w e`n®p F∂¿∞w. BcmWo em`w ASn-s¨-Sp-¯-Xv.......? Ad_v cmPy-ß-fn¬ F√mw "]∏mXn' F∂mWv \nbaw! AXm-b-Xv, FÆ \nt£-]-Øns‚ 50 iX-am\w Kh¨sa‚n\pw 50 iX-am\w _lp-cmjv{S FÆ°º-\n-Iƒ°pw F∂ coXn-bn¬ hoXw sh®n-´p-≠v.

60 _ney≥ tUmfdn¬, 30 _ney≥ FÆ Iº-\n-Ifpw 30 _ney≥ Iqssh-‰pw kuZn Atd-_y-bpw tN¿∂v hoXn-s®-Sp-Øp. BcmWv F®¡¼-\n-bpsS DS-a-ØÀ......? at≤y-jy-bn¬ FÆ J\-\hpw hn¬∏-\bpw Ggv "Ata-cn-°≥ tkmZ-cn'-am-cpsS IpØ-I-bm-Wv. (sj¬, Smtam-bn¬, Ft m XpS-ßnb _lp-cmjv{S IpØ-I-Iƒ) 5 Iº-\n-Iƒ Ata-cn-°≥ k¿°m-cn-t‚-Xpw.

\ap-s¡m¶p IW¡p Iq«n t\m¡mw. bp≤-sN-ehv (tUm-f-dn¬)

FÆhne Db¿∂ -h-I-bn¬ A[nIem`w

A‰m-Zmbw

Ad_v cmjv{S-߃

30 _ney≥

30 _ney≥

C√

Ata-cn-°≥ Kh¨sa‚ v

10 _ney≥

21 _ney≥

11 _ney≥

C√

9 _ney≥

9 _ney≥

Ata-cn-°≥ kzImcy Iº-\n-Iƒ

F´mWo IW-¡nsâ s]mcpÄ? Kƒ^v bp≤-Øn¬ \n∂v 20 _ney≥ tUmf¿ Ata-cn° em`-ap-≠m-°n, A{X Xs∂!

Cdm-°n¬ \n∂v Iqssh-‰ns\ "kzX-{¥-'am-°n-b-t∏mƒ Ata-cn-°°v 20 _ney≥ tUmf¿ em`w! Btem-Nn®p t\m°q.. IY CXp-sIm≠v Xocp-∂p-t≠m?

bYmÀ°-¯n 91se KÄ^v bp²-¯n\v BcmWv ]Ww sNe-hm-¡n-b-Xv....? AXp a‰m-cp-a√, hne sImSpØv FÆ hmßn D]-tbm-Kn-°p∂ \Ωƒ Xs∂. icn-b-t√.....? bp≤-Øn\v sNe-hn´ 40 _ney≥ tUmf¿ Fhn-tS-°mWv aSßnt∏mb-Xv.....?

Bbp[ hyh-km-b-Ønte°v ˛---- F¥p sNømw AXp apgp-h\pw Ata-cn-°-bn¬ Xs∂! At¸mÄ bp²-¯n \n¶v Ata-cn¡ D-m-¡nb sam¯w em`w F{X....!? 1991se KÄ^v bp²w "kzmX{´y kwc-£-W-'¯nt\m "a\p-jy-kvt\-l'-¯nt\m, AtXm km¼-¯nI em`-¯nt\m \S-¯n-b-Xv....? Contd......3

H∂v Hm¿Øp hbv°pI. \ΩpsS FÆw Akw-Jy-am-Wv... "\n߃ Rß-fpsS IqsStbm, `oI-c-hm-Zn-I-fpsS IqsStbm' F∂ _pjns‚ tNmZy-Øn\v ""k∑\kn\v \μn... \nßsf R߃°v th≠'' F∂p-Øcw ]d-bm≥ \ap-°m-hW - w... ZpjvSX - bpw Im]-Sy-hp-ap≈ "an°n-au-kn't\tbm {`m¥-\mb "ap√'tbtbm sXc-s™-Sp-°m≥ \Ωƒ Xøm-d-s√∂v Ahsc ]Tn-∏nt°-≠-Xp-≠v..... km{am-Py-tØmSv shdpw {]Xn-tj[w sIm≠¿∞-an-√. Ahs\ hf-™p-]-nSn-°p-I-bmWv \ΩpsS e£yw! Ah\v ip≤-hm-bp \n-tj-[n-°-Ww... Ahs\ e÷n-∏n-°Ww. {Iqc-ambn Ifn-bm-°-Ww.... \ΩpsS Ie-bpw, kwKo-X-hpw, kmln-Xyhpw \ΩpsS Ic-fp-d∏pw \ΩpsS kt¥m-jhpw \ΩpsS Dd® {]Xn-tcm[hpw F√mw tN¿∂ \ΩpsS IY-Iƒ \mw ]d-b-Ww... hniz-kn°m≥ \n¿_-‘n-°-s∏´ sI´p-I-Y-Iƒ°v ]I-cw kXy-߃ ]d™p XpS-ßW - w... Ah-cpsS D¬]-∂ß - ƒ \Ωƒ hmßm-Xn-cp-∂m¬ "IpØ-Ih - n-πhw' XI¿∂Sn-bpw... Ah-cpsS Z¿i-\-߃, Ah-cpsS Ncn{X hymJym-\-߃, Ah-cpsS Bbp-[-߃, Ah-cpsS bp≤-߃. "\n¿Δm-l-ans√∂' Ah-cpsS hnIm-c-{]-I-S-\-߃.... F√mw \ap°v _lnjvI-cn-°m-\m-h-Ww. H∂v Hm¿Øp hbv°pI. \ΩpsS FÆw Akw-Jy-am-Wv... Ah¿ hf-sc-Ip-d-hpw... \ap-°h-cn-√m-sXbpw Ign-bmw. Ah¿°v ]s£ \Ω-fn-√msX ]‰n-√...... Acp-‘Xn tdmbv 2


Ata-cn-°≥ B{I-a-W-Øns‚ AWn-b-d-bn-te°v ......... A^vKm³ bp²w F´n-\m-bn-cp-¶p......? A^vKm\v IpdpsI 2500 Intem-ao-‰¿ \of-ap≈ ss]∏vsse≥ ]Wn-bm≥ A\p-h-Zn-°p∂ Hcp ]mh-K-h¨sa‚ns\ {]Xn-jvTn-°m-\p-≈-Xm-bn-cp∂p A^vKm≥ bp≤w! X{¥-{]-[m-\-amb Cu ss]∏v sse\n\p ]Icw thsdm-∂p-≠m-°m≥ Xo¿®-bmbpw Ign-bp-am-bn-cp-∂p. AXn\p ]s£ 5500 Intem-ao-‰¿ \ofw hcp-sa-∂pw, sNe-th-dp-sa-∂pw, AXv IS-∂p-t]m-Ip∂ cmjv{S-߃°v Np¶w \¬tI≠n hcp-sa∂pw Ata-cn-°°v Adn-bm-am-bn-cp-∂p. G‰hpw Ipd™ Zqc-Øn¬ Bcp-tSbpw iey-an-√msX h≥ hyh-kmb {]m[m-\y-ap≈ ss]∏v sse≥ ÿm]n-°m≥, B`y¥c bp≤-߃ sIm≠v XI¿∂ Hcp cmjv{SsØ Xhn-´p-s]m-Sn-bm-°n-bm¬ aXn-sb∂pw Ah¿°-dn-bm-am-bn-cp∂p!

F´n-\mWv Ct¸mÄ Cdm¡v A[n-\n-thiw? at≤y-jy-bnse G‰hpw henb FÆ-Ip-ØI kuZn Atd-_y-bm-Wv. a\p-jym-h-Im-i-߃ hnesh°m-Ø-hcpw _n≥em-Z-s\-t]m-ep≈ `oI-c-hm-Zn-Isf klm-bn-°p-∂-hcpamb kuZn Atd-_y-bp-am-bp≈ _‘w Ata-cn-°°v Hcp `mc-am-Wv.

kuZn Atd-_y-s°mcp _Z¬ Bh-iy-ap-≠v. AXn\v Cdm-°n-s\-Xnsc bp≤w \SØn Hcp ]mh-K-h¨sa‚ns\ AhnsS hmgn-°p-∂-Xn-t\-°mƒ Ffp-∏-h-gn-sb-¥m-Wv....?

F´psIm-v AhÀ Cdm-¡ns\ Xs¶ AXn\v Xnc-sª-Sp-¯p? kzbw {]Xn-tcm-[n-°m≥ t]mepw tijn-bn-√mØ cmjv{S-am-W-Xv. "cmkm-bp[' `oj-Wn-sb-°p-dn-®-√msX Hmbn¬ hym]m-c-sØ-Ip-dn®v H∂p-a-dn-bmØ A¥m-cmjv{S kaq-l-߃°v, Cdm°v B{I-aWw thKw "Zln®p' In´pw. i‡-amb GsX-¶nepw cmjv{S-Øns‚ ]n¥pW C√mØ cmPy-am-Wv Cdm-°v. CXns‚-sb√mw apI-fn¬ thsdmcp ImcWw IqSn-bp-≠v.

C√mØ

Ata-cn-°-bpsS \ne-\n¬∏n\v ip≤-hmbp t]mse \n¿Æm-b-I-amWv FÆ! Ata-cn-°°v G‰hpw IqSp-X¬ FÆ \¬Ip∂ cmjv{S-amWv sh\ntkz-e. kmaq-ly-{]-Xn-k-‘n-Iƒ sIm≠v sRcn-™-a-cp∂ sh\ntkze-bn¬ Ign™ 3 h¿j-ambn \S-°p∂ cmjv{Sob am‰-߃ Ah¿°v Bi¶ Db¿Øp-∂p.

sh\ntkz-e°pw kuZn Atd-_ybv°pw ]Icw sh°m≥ Ata-cn-°°v Hcp _Z¬ Bh-iy-ap-≠v.

\ap-s¡´v sN¿m-\mhpw....? Cu bp≤-Øns‚ bYm¿∞ Imc-W-߃ IqSp-X¬ Bfp-I-fn-te°v FØn-°m\mhWw. A⁄-X-sIm≠v Bfp-Iƒ Ata-cn-°≥ {]N-c-W-ß-fn¬ hoWp t]mhmw. Imcy-Im-cWklnXw kXyw Xncn-®-dn-bp-∂-h¿°v {]Xn-tcm-[n-°m≥ tijn-bp-≠m-hpw, Xo¿®. - anem≥ sSIv\n-°¬ bqWn-th-gvkn‰nbpsS sa‰o-cn-b¬, www.emergency.it

temIs¯ N§-e-¡nSmw.... Ata-cn-¡ kv]\w ImWp-¶p. temI-¯nse F® \nt£-]-¯nsâ 16 iX-am\w CdmtUmf- d n\v ]Icw "bqtdm' kzoI- c n- ¨ pÅ Cdm- ¡ nsâ ¡nemWv! kuZn Atd_y Ign-ªm Gähpw IqSp-X hym]mc¯n\v Fs¶-t¶-¡p-ambn XSbn-Sm\pw Cdm-¡ns\ F®- b p¸m- Z n- ¸ n- ¡ p- ¶ - X - h n- s S- b mWv! Cdm- ¡ nsâ Iog-S-¡msX hs¿¶v Ata-cn¡ IW-¡p-Iq-«p-¶p. AbÂcm-P y-§-fmb SÀ¡nbnepw kuZn-A-td-_y-bnepw  A^vKm³ b²¯n-eqsS Ing-¡³ Gjy-bn 13 ]pXnb Ipssh-änepw Atacn-¡¡v Øncw ]«m-f-tI-{μ-§-fp--v. Øncw ]«mf Xmh-f-§fpw 5 {Sney³ tUmf-dnsâ F®-\n1,20,000 Ata-cn-¡³ `S-·mÀ Ønc-XmakapÅ Ipssh-änt£-]-hpw Atac-n¡³ kzm[o-\-¯n-em-bn.... OPEC cmjv{Ssâbpw kuZn Atd-_y-bp-sSbpw ta Ata-cn-¡³ §-fpsS IW-¡\ - p-kc - n¨v 6.6 _ney³ Iyq_nIv aoäÀ {]IrXn kzm[o\w ]gb tImf\n Imes¯ A\p- k va- c n- ¸ nhmX-I-hpw, 10 _ney³ _mc F®bpw Ata-cn-¡³ hcp¡p¶XmWv. Xn-bn-em-Wnt¸mÄ.  Cdm¡nsâ ta t\Sp¶ cmjv{Sob A[n-Imcw KÄ^nse  Ata-cn-¡³ F® Cd-¡p-a-Xn-bpsS 20 iX-am-\hpw KÄ^v Ata-cn-¡³ kzm[o-\-¯n\v ØncX \ÂIpw. KÄ^nepw taJ-e-bn \n¶m-Wv F¶dn-bp-t¼mÄ Cu bp²w Ata-cn]Ýn-aZ- £ - nW Gjy-bnepw Imkv]n-b³ Xoc-am-sIbpw Iog¡¡v \ÂIp¶ hn`-h-aq-ey-sa{Xsb¶Xv Dulm-Xo-X-am-Wv. S-¡n-bmÂ, F®-bp¸m-Z\ - ¯ - nsâ 70% Ata-cn-¡¡v kz´-  tkmhn-bäv XIÀ¨-tbmsS WTO, temI-_m-¦v, sF.-Fw.-F^v amIpw... temI-¯nse F®-bpÂ]¶-§f - psS \men-sem¶v XpS- § nb A´m- c mjv{S GP³kn- I - f n- e qsS BtKmf IpSn-¨p-XoÀ¡p¶ Ata-cn-¡-bn F®-bpsS 3 iX-am\w It¼m-f-hy-hØbpsS s\Sp-\m-b-IXzw hln-¡p¶ Ata\nt£-]t- a-bp-Åq. Ah-cpsS F® D]-t`m-K¯ - n 60 iXcn-¡, F®-bp¸-\¯ - nsâ Ip¯-Ib - m-hp-¶t- XmsS Bcpw am-\hpw Cd-¡p-a-Xn-bmWv. tNmZyw sN¿n-söv AhÀ Icp-Xp-¶p.  Cdm¡n \n¶v F® Cd-¡p-aXn sN¿p¶ djy-bv¡pw bqtdm-]y³ cmjv{S-§Ä¡pw ta kzm[o\w Dd¸n-¡m\pw, 

3


_pjv B‚v Iº\n ss{]h‰v enan-‰Uv temI-s¯ Cdm-¡nsâ cmkm-bp-[-§-fn \n¶v c£n-¡m³ Ah-X-cn-¨n-cn-¡p¶ tPmÀÖv _pjv BtKm-f-Ip-¯-I-ap-X-em-fn-am-cpsS hn\o-X-Zm-k³ am{X-aà AhcpsS {][m\ Hml-cn-bp-Sa IqSn-bmWv. Ata-cn-¡³ `c-W-IqSw apgp-h³, Ip¯-II-¼-\n-I-fpsS No^v FIvkn-Iyq-«o-hp-I-fm-sW¶v am[y-a-§Ä Fgp-Xp¶p. tPmÀÖv _pjv sSIvkm-kn \n¶p hcp¶ CbmÄ 1976 "AÀ_tÌm F\ÀPn CâÀ\m-j-WÂ' F¶ F®-]-cyth-jW -I-¼-\n-bpsS DSaØ-\m-bn-«mWv Ata-cn-¡-³ s]mXp-Po-hn-X¯n IS¶p-hc - p-¶X - v. 1982 _pjnsâ F®-I¼ - \n "kvs]Iv{Sw-þ7' F¶ I¼-\n-bn ebn-¨t¸mÄ AXnsâ kn.-C.-H.bpw sNbÀam-\p-ambn. 1987 Cu I¼\n "lmÀ¡³ HmbnÂ' F¶ asämcp I¼-\n-bn ebn-¨p. CXnsâ Ub-d-IvS-dm-bn-cp¶ _pjnsâ hcp-am\w 6,11,250 tUmf-dm-bn-cp-¶p-h-s{X. 1986 4 Zi-e£w tUmfÀ em`-ap--m-¡nb "lmÀ¡³-Hm-bnÂ' 1989 1.1 _ney³ tUmfÀ em`w sIm¿p¶ hn[-¯n hfÀ¶p. KÄ^v cmP y-§-fn-seÃmw Cu I¼-\n-bpsS imJ-IÄ ]SÀ¶p ]nSn-¨p (1987 _pjnsâ AÑ-\m-bn-cp¶p Ata-cn-¡bpsS {]kn- U - v ). Ata- c n- ¡ ³ {]kn- U - â v sXcsªSp¸v ^- n - t e¡v F® I¼- \ n- I Ä tNÀ¶v 2.8 _ney³ tUmfÀ BWv \ÂIn-bXs{X.

dn¨mÀUv UnIv sN\n {]kn-U- ns\ shÃp¶ Ip¯-I-bmWv sshkv{]-kn-U- v.. "lmen-_À«³' F¶ HmbnÂ/ F\ÀPn I¼-\n-bpsS No^v FIvkn-Iyq-«o-hm-bn-cp¶ sN\n Ct¸m-gs¯ Ata-cn-¡³ {]knU- - n sâ ]nXmhv tPmÀÖv H. W. _pjnsâ Ime¯v {]Xn-tcm-[-sk-{I-«-dn-bmbn Atacn-¡³ cmjv{So-b-¯n-se-¯n. 5 hÀj-¡mew Cu I¼-\n-bnse kn.-C.-H. Bbn-cp¶ sN\nbpsS F®-I-¨-hSw Cdm¡v AS-¡-apÅ \nc-h[n cmjv{S-§-fn hym]n-¨p-In-S-¡p-¶-XmWv. hcpam-\-¯n temI-¯n A©mw Øm\-a-e-¦-cn-¡p¶ Cu DuÀÖ-I-¼\n 130 cmjv{S-§-fn {]hÀ¯n-¡p-¶p-h-s{X. Imkv]n-b³ Xocw, t]Àjy³ KÄ^v, _mÄ¡³kv Gcn-b-I-fn ià-amb kzm[o\w sNep-¯p¶ Cu F®-Ip-¯-I-bpsS sNbÀam³ Øm\w Dt]-£n¨v Ata-cn-¡³ {]Xn-tcm[ sk{I-«-dn-bmbn amdnb sN\n¡v 34 Zi-e£w tUmfÀ dn«-bÀsaâv D]-lm-ca- mbn In«n-sb¶p ]d-bp-¶p. Ata-cn-¡³ sshkv {]kn-U- n sâ Cu F®- I - ¼ \n¡v A´m-cmjv{S Bbp-[h - ym-]m-c h p - a p - - v .

tIm- - e o- k m- s sdkv "tZiob kpc£m D]-tZ-iI' F¶ ]c-tam-¶X ]Zhn Ae-¦c - n-¡p¶ ChÀ 10 hÀjw "sNhvtdm¬' F¶ A´m-cmjv{S F®-I¼ - \ - n-bpsS Ub-dI - vSd - m-bn-cp-¶p. Imkv]n-b³ Xoc¯pw Ikm-¡n-Øm-\nepw F® L\\w \S-¯p¶ Cu I¼-\n-bpsS hfÀ¨bv¡v KÄ^v taJ-eb - nse Ata-cn-¡³ A[n-\n-thiw Gsd klm-bn-¡p-sa-¶X - n BÀ¡m-Wv XÀ¡w.

tUmWmÄUv Chm³kv "tSmw {_u¬' F¶ F®-I¼ - \ - n-bpsS No^v FIvkn-Iyq-«ohpw sNbÀam-\p-am-bncp¶ CbmfmWv Ata-cn-¡-bpsS Ct¸m-gs¯ hyh-kmb sk{I-«-dn. ]Sn-ªm-d³ Atacn-¡-bn Bg-¯n thcp-I-fpÅ Cu I¼-\n¡v KÄ^v bp²-hn-Pbw ]pXnb {]hÀ¯-\-ta-Je Xpd¶p sImSp-¡pw.

eohvkven_n

\½psS bp²w, ]cm-P-b-s¸-«psIm- n - c n- ¡ p- I - b - s öp am{X- a Ã... \mw t\Sn- s ¡m- - n - c n- ¡ p- I bpam-Wv.... henb hnP-b-§Ä \ap- ¡ nt¸mÄ Xs¶- b p- - v . .. emän-\-ta-cn-¡-bn s_mfo-hnbnÂ, s]dp-hnÂ, Ado-Izo-¸mbnÂ! sh\ntkze-bn Ata-cn¡-bpsS h¼³ `oj-Wn-Isf AXnPo-hn¨v lptKm Nmthkv Ct¸mgpw \ne-\n¡p¶p! sF.-Fw.-F-^nsâ `oI-c-XmWvUh-¯n I¯n-b-aÀ¶ AÀP-âo\-bnse P\X DbÀs¯-Wo-¡p¶p... hÀ¤ob ^mkn-k-s¯ \ne-¡p-\nÀ¯m-\pÅ cmjv{Sob iànbmbn C´y-bnse BtKmf-h¡-c-Whncp²t]mcm-«-§Ä hnI-kn-¡p¶p. BtKm-f-h¡-c-W-¯nsâ BtKm-f-\m-b-IÀ, F³tdmWpw, _m¨-ä-epw, thÄUvtImapw, BÀXÀ Btâ-gvk\pw Ignª hÀjw Fhn-sS-bm-bn-cp¶p hncmPn-¨n-cp-¶-Xv...! Ct¸mtgm? Ignª hÀjw {_ko-en Bcm-bn-cp¶p {]kn-Uâ v. Ct¸m-tgm....! F¶n-«pw \½-fn ]eÀ¡pw \ncm-ibpw {]Xo- £ - b n- à m- b v a bpw D- v . ... icn-bm-Wv, "`oI-c-hm-Z'-¯n-s\-Xnsc-bpÅ bp²-¯n ]eXpw ap§n-t¸m-hp-¶p! \ap¡v Gsd ]mSp- s ]- t S- - n - h - c p- ¶ p....

˛Acp-‘Xn tdmbv

Cdm-¡n-te¡v 50,000 S¬ Ata-cn-¡³ sshkv {]kn-U- nsâ DtZym-K-Ø-cpsS No^v Bb Ct±lw "FIvtkm¬ tKmX-¼p-ambn Ata-cn-¡³ tam_n Kymkv & HmbnÂ' I¼-\n-bpsS {][m\ Hmlcn DS-a-bm-Wv. F³tdm¬, I¸Â ]pd-s¸-«p-h-s{X. anssk-ensSIvkmtkm XpS-§nb DuÀÖ Ip¯-I-I-fpsS {]tamÀ«Àam-cn {]ap-J³. temd³kv en³Uvtk Ata-cn-¡³ {]kn-U- nsâ km¼¯nI D]-tZ-jvSm-hmb CbmÄ XIÀ¶ F³tdm¬ I¼-\n-bpsS apJy D]-tZ-jvSmhv Bbn-cp-¶p.

B³{Un ImÀUv shÅ-sIm-«m-c-ta-[m-hn-bmb Cu am\y³ Ata-cn-¡³ Hmt«m-sam-ss_ am\yp-^mIv¨tdgvkv Atkm-Ên-tb-jsâ kn.-C.-H. Bbn-cp-¶p. temI¯nse Gähpw henb Hmt«msam-ss_ I¼-\n-bmb P\-d tamt«mÀknsâ hàmhpw tem_o-bo-ÌpamWv.

Imd tdmhv {]kn-U- nsâ cmjv{Sob D]-tZ-i-I³, "F³tdm¬', "tdmb U¨v ', "_n.-]n.-Bw-tIm', XpS-§nb BtKm-f-Ip-¯-I-I-fpsS A[n-Imc tI{μ-§-fn AS-bn-cn-¡p¶ hyh-km-bn. 4

s\m¸w tKmX¼p IqSn hmcn-bn«m P\m-[n-]-Xy-am-btÃm! bp²_-P-än s]Sp¯n sI«n-In-S¡p¶ [m\yw hen-s¨-dn-bpt¼mÄ amμyw amdn-In-«p-sa-¶XmWv bYmÀ° Dt±-iyw. Xpd-apJw ]nSn¡pw ap¼v AXnsâ I¨-h-S-I-cm-dm-bn. Atacn-¡-bnse "Ìohv tUmdn-§n\v' Cdm-¡nse DwJkÀ Xpd-apJw 48 e£w tUmf-dn\v ]m«-¯n\v \ÂIn-b-s{X!


NØp-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂-h¿°v anssk¬ kZy !  1991Â Ipsshäv B{I-an¨ k±mw lpssk-s\-Xnsc \S-¯nb Ata-cn-

¡³ ]S- t bm«w 2 tImSn c- p e£w hcp¶ Cdm- ¡ n- I sf \qäm- v ]ndIn-tem«v hen-¨ng¡p-Ib - m-bn-cp¶p! Ata-cn-¡³ sk³kkv _yqtdm-bpsS IW-¡\ - p-kc - n¨v 1,45,000 a\p-jysc bp²w X£Ww sIm¶p.... 5 e£w A`- b mÀ°n- I sf krjvSn¨ bp²- ¯ nsâ XpSÀ¨- b mbn Atacn¡ sIm-p h¶ D]-tcm[w ImcWw t]mj-Im-lm-chpw acp¶pw e`n-¡msX 5 e£w Cdm¡n Ipªp-§Ä acn-¨n-«p-v (bp.-F³. þ F^v.-F.-H. dnt¸mÀ«v). 92 iX-am\w sshZypXn \ne-b§ - Ä \in¸n¨ amc-It- _mw-_n-§mWv Atacn¡ \S-¯n-b-Xv... Cdm-¡nsâ 80 iX-am\w F®-bp¸m-Z-\-tI-{μ-§Ä Ne\ cln-X-am-bn... ASn-Øm-\-ta-J-e-I-fmsI XIÀ¡s¸« Cdm-¡n\v bp²w hcp-¯n-sh¨ km¼-¯n-I-\jvSw 190 _ney³ tUmd-fm-Ws{X!  1996-þ "F®bv¡v ]Icw `£Ww" Fs¶mcp ]²Xn-bp-ambn sFIy-cm-

jv{S-k` cwK¯v h¶p. hÀj-¯n 800 Zi-e£w tUmf-dnsâ F®hn¡m-\mWv A\p-a-Xn \ÂIn-bXv. hn¡p¶ F®-bpsS hcp-am-\¯nsâ ]IpXn am{Xsa acp-¶n\pw `£-W-¯n-\p-ambn D]-tbm-Kn-¡mhq F¶mbn-cp¶p \nÀt±-iw. _m¡n, Ipsshäv A[n-\n-thi-¯nse "Cc'IÄ¡v \ÂIWw! BcmWv Cc-IÄ? 91se bp²-¯n Ata-cn¡³ B{I-a-W-¯n \mi-\jvS§fp--mb h³InS F®-I-¼-\n-IÄ¡pw Ipssh¯v `c-W-Iq-S-hpw! Ipssh-¯n X¼-Sn-¨n«pÅ 1,20,000 Ata-cn¡³ ]«m-f-¯nsâ sNehv \S-¯m-\pÅ ]W-amWv Ata-cn¡ Cu ]²Xn- b n- e qsS ASn- s ¨- S p¯Xv. _m¡n ]Ww Ata- c n- ¡ - b n \n¶v Bbp[w hm§m³ D]-tbm-Kn-¡m-\m-Wv Ipssh¯nt\mSv Ata-cn¡ BÚm-]n-¨-Xv.  1990 3 Cdm¡n Zn\m-dn\v Hc-ta-cn-¡³ tUmfÀ In«n-bn-cp-s¶-¦n C¶v

2080 Zn\mÀ sImSp-¯mse Hcp tUm-fÀ In«p F¶XmW-h-Ø.  1990-þ Btcm-Ky-ta-Je - b - n 550- Z-ie - £w tUmfÀ sNe-hn« cmjv{S¯n\v

Ct¸mÄ 26 Zi-e£w tUmfÀ sNe-hm-¡m³ t]mepw Ign-bp-¶n-Ã.  AXn-`o-I-c-amb inip-a-c-W-amWv asämcp Zpc-´w. Ahiy acpt¶m,

AXym-hiy `£-Wtam CÃmsX {]Xn-amkw 6000 Ipªp-§Ä hoXw N¯p-t]m-Ip-¶p-sh¶v UNICEF ]d-bp-¶p.

th«-bmSn sIm¶p XoÀ¡p-I-bm-Wv. bp²- I me t_m¼nw- K n amen- \ ykwkvIcW ¹mâp-IÄ hym]Iambn XIÀ¡-s¸-«n-cp-¶p. cmk-]Z- mÀ°-§fp-sSbpw kvs]bÀ ]m«p-I-fp-sSbpw Cd-¡p-aXn A\p-h-Zn-¡m-¯Xn\m CsXm¶pw dn¸-bÀ sN¿mt\m ]p\Øm-]n-¡mt\m Ign-ªn-«n-Ã.  ip²Pe e`yX 41 iX-am-\a - mbn Ipd-

ªp-sh¶v am{X-aà aen-\-amb ]pgbpw, Pehpw A´-co-£hpw Hcp-]mSv amc-I-tcm-K-§Ä hmcn-hn-X-dp-I-bmWv......  hn¯pw hfhpw b{´-km-a-{Kn-Ifpw

e`n- ¡ msX Cdm- ¡ nse ImÀjn- I cwKw hc- - p - W - § p- I - b m- W v. IoS- \ min-\n-sIm-v "cmkm-bp[w' \nÀ½n-t¨¡p-sa¶v ]d-ªv- , Io-S\ - m-in-\n-IfpsS Cd-¡p-aXn t]mepw \ntcm-[n-¨p. Pekw-`-c-Wn-IÄ XIÀ¶-tXmsS ImÀ jnI hnfhv Ipd-ªp.  tKmX¼v DÂ]m-Z\w 63 iX-am-\hpw

_mÀen 37iX-am-\hpw Ipd-ªp. I¶p-Im-en-IfpsS F®w t]mepw 34 iX-am-\w Ipd-ªp-sh-¶mWv UNICEF dnt¸mÀ«v ]d-bp-¶-Xv. {]mW-hm-bphpw shÅhpw acp¶pw `£Whpw th--hÀ¡v t_mw_p-sIm-v kZy-sbm-cp-¡p-I-bmWv Ata-cn¡!

 bp²-¯nsâ ^e-am-bpÅ ItTmc hnj-§Ä ]e-hn-[-¯n Cdm-¡n-Isf

_pjn-s\-Xnsc bp²w sN¿p¶ Ata-cn¡ temIw Iog-S-¡m-\pÅ B{Im-´-hp-ambn Cdm-¡n-\p-ta Ata-cn-¡b - nse 400 \K-c§ - f - n 2002 Unkw-_d - n Xs¶ bp²hmcn- s ¨m- c n- b p¶ anssk- e p- I Ä kz´w P\- X sb IqsS\nÀ¯m³ {]tbm-Kn-t¡--n-h-cp¶ eÖm-I-c-amb Ah-ØbnemWv Ata-cn-¡³ `c-W-IqSw. _pjns\ Cw]o¨v sN¿-Wsa¶v Bt{Im-in-¨p-sIm-v Ata-cn-¡³ P\-X- {]-Xn-tcm-[¯nsâ Kncn-irw-K§Ä XoÀ¡p-I-bm-Wv. 1 tImSn 10 e£w Ata-cn-¡³ sXmgn cln-X-cpsS Icn-ªp-W§p¶ A¶-\mf-§Ä t_mw_n\v ]Icw `£Ww Xcm³ Bh-iy-s¸-«psIm-v sXcp-hp-IÄ Iog-S-¡p-I-bm-Wv. _pjv F¶ A´mcmjv{S {Inan-\-ens\ hnNm-cW sN¿m³, ¥ma-dnsâ BtKm-fth-Zn-bmb HmkvImÀ AhmÀUv Zm\ NS-§n ]s¦-Sp-¯-hÀ Bh-iy-s¸-Sp-Itbm! Ata-cn-¡³ P\X bp²w BtLm-jn-¡pI-b-Ã... bp²-¯n-s\-Xnsc ]Wn-im-e-IÄ Dt]-£n¨pw ASp¡-f-IÄ _ln-jvI-cn¨pw \nc-¯p-I-fn InS-¶p-cp-fpI-bm-Wv. bp²s¯ hwio-b-X-bpsS Bbp-[-am-¡p¶ Ata-cn-¡³ `cW-Iq-S-¯n\pw, AXv ]dªv {]Xn-tcm-[n-¡p¶ apÉnw aX-auen-I-hm-Zn-IÄ¡pw Xm¡oXp \ÂIp¶ hn[-¯n bp²-hn-cp²-t]m-cm«w km{am-PyXz hncp² t]mcm-«-ambn hnI-kn-¨p-sIm-n-cn-¡p-¶p.

¯n-s\-Xnsc e£--¡-W-¡n\v Bfp-IÄ AWn-\n-c-¶p. 2003 P\phcn 18\pw s^{_p-hcn 15\pw AXv XpSÀ¶p. bp²amcw-`n-¨tXmsS P\-§-fpsS {]Xn-tj[w AW-ap-dn-bm¯ {]hm-l-am-bn ]cn-W-an-¨p-sh-¶mWv dnt¸mÀ«p-IÄ ]d-ªp-X-cp-¶-Xv. F¬]Xv iX-am\w hcp¶ Ata-cn-¡-bnse km[m-c-W-¡mcpw CS-¯-c¡mcpw Cu ka-c-¯n Aenªp tNÀ¶p-sh¶v hne-bncp¯p¶ "kÀsÆ'-I-fpsS {]hm-l-am-W-hn-sS. {]ap-J-cmb 100 Ata-cn-¡³ A`n-`m-j-IÀ _pjns\ \yqdw-_À¤v amXr-I-bn hnNm-cW sN¿-Ws - a¶v Xpd-¶S- n-¨p........ 41 t\m_ tPXm-¡Ä bp²w ]mSn-söv _pjn-t\m-S-`yÀ°n-¨p.. dn«-bÀ sNbvX 100 ssk\n-I-ta-[m-hn-IÄ Cdm¡v bp²w Bß-l-Xym-]-c-sa¶v hnti-jn-¸n¨p. \mec Zi-e£w sXmgn-em-fn-I-fw-K-amb Atacn-¡³ t{SUv bqWn-b\pI-fpsS s^U-td-j³ Cu bp²s¯ "AhÀs¡-Xn-cmb bp²sa¶v hnti-jn¸n¨p. ""cmPy-s¯mcp kac-ap-cp--p-Iq-Sp-¶p.. Ata-cn-¡³ apJy-[m-c-bp-tS-XmWo ka-c-\nc.....'' F¶v s]m«n-s¯-dn¨ \yqtbmÀ¡v ssSwkv FUn-täm-dnb Xs¶ [mcmfw aXn, Ata-cn-¡bn \S-¡p-¶-Xnsâ hnizcq]w Xncn-¨-dn-bm³! 5


bp≤w apX-em-fn-Ø-Øns‚ {]mW-hmbp Bbp[ I¼-\n-IÄ apX ]«m-f-¡mÀ¡v IpSn-sh-Åsa-¯n-¡m³ ¹m¨n-a-S-bnse IpgÂIn-W-dp-IÄ hsc kPo-h-am-bn-Xocpw! F¶m bp²w sIm- v KÄ^n \n¶v e£-¡-W-¡n\v sXmgn-em-fn-IÄ aS-§p-t¼mÄ tIcf-¯nsâ k¼-ZvL-S-\-bn \n¶v tNmcp¶Xv F{X tImSnbp--v F¶v \ap-s¡mcp \nanjw Btem-Nn-¡m-hp-¶-XmWv. Cdm-¡n-sebpw KÄ^n-sebpw tImSm-\p-tImSn a\pjjy-cpsS A[zm\wsIm-v ]Sp-¯p-bÀ¯nb kÀÆXpw (F-´n\v Poh³ t]mepw)-Nm-c-am-hp-t¼mÄ AXn-s\-{X hne-h-cp-sa¶v IW-s¡-Sp-¡mhp¶-XmWv. bp²¯n XIÀ¯ F®-¡n-W-dp-IÄ ]p\À\nÀ½n¨v DXv]mZ-\hpw hnX-c-Whpw It¼m-fhpw H¶n¨v sh«n-¸nSn¨v em`w Ip¶p-Iq-«m³ Hcp \nc- Ip-¯I I¼\nIÄ Cdm-¡n\p Npäpw h«-an«p ]d-¡p¶Xv AXpsIm-mWv. FÃm `oI-c-hm-Zhpw DXv`-hn-¡p¶Xv kÀÆ\m-i¯nsâ sNe-hn am{Xw \ne-\n¡p¶ Cu kmaqly-hy-h-Ø-bn \n¶m-sW-¶pw, hnNm-cW sNt¿- X v apX- e m- f n¯ DXv ] m- Z - \ - h y- h - Ø BsW¶pw Xncn-¨-dn-tb---Xp--v.

ImÀKn-en shSn-sbm¨ tI«-t¸mÄ 1000 tImSn cq]-

bpsS ]pXnb \nt£-]-¯n\v hgn-Xp-d-¶p-sh¶v Hcp aebm-f-Zn-\-]{Xw apJ-te-J\w Im¨n-bXv HmÀ¡p-I... bp²-sa¶m "]pXnb \nt£-]w' F¶m-Ws{X AÀ°w. XIÀ¶ sI«n-S-§fpw \in-¸n-¡-s¸« hyh-km-b-§fpw hmÀ¯m-hn-\n-ab irwK-e-Ifpw tdmUp-Ifpw ]me-§fpw sshZyp-Xn\ne-b-§fpw ]p\À \nÀ½n-¡m\pw amc-Im-bp-[§-fpsS D¸m-Z-\w hÀ²n-¸n-¡m\pw bp²-amWv hgn.! CXv ]{X-`m-h-\-bà apX-em-fn-¯-¯nsâ ASn-Øm\ hnIk\ k¦Â¸w Xs¶-bm-Wv. Ipd-ªXv 1 tImSn a\p-jysc sIm¶pw Hcp cmjv{Ss¯ hwio-b-ambn 3 IjvW-§-fmbn hn`-Pn¨pw. Ahn-Sps¯ A]m-c-amb hn`-h-§Ä sImf-f-b-Sn¨pw , ]nd-hn-sb-Sp¡p¶ ]pXnb aq¶p cmjv{S-§Ä¡v Bbp[w hnäpw D- m - h p¶ h³\n- t £- ] - ¯ nsâ ad- h n amμyw sIm- v DuÀ²-izmkw hen-¡p¶ apX-em-fn-¯-¯n\v {]mW-hmbp F¯n¡p-I-bmWv Ata-cn-¡-bpsS ZuXyw!

Ata-cn-¡³ {_n«ojv I p¯-IIsf _ln-jvI-cn-¡pI Ip¯\½psS D]t`mKw sIm-v \ne-\n¡p-Ibpw hf-cp-Ibpw 3. tPm¬k¬ & tPm¬k¬ sN¿p¶ It¼m- f - h y- h - Ø - b psS Igp- I ³ ]Ãp- I - f n (15Â]cw t__n DÄ]-¶§ - Ä, tkm¸p-IÄ \m]vIn-\p-IÄ) NnesX¦nepw ]ngp-sX-dn-bm-\pÅ Ahkcambn Cu _ln- 4. tImÄtKäv ]mwtam-eohv jvI-cWw ]cn-hÀ¯-\-s¸-Sp-I-bm-Wv th-Xv. Ata-cn-¡(tkm-¸v, Sq¯v t]Ìv, XpS§n 15 ]cw C\-§Ä) bpsS bp² ^-n-te¡pw JP-\m-hn-se-¡p-apÅ \n§-fpsS 5. en]vä³, {_q¡vt_m-,v s\kvte, am-IvsUm-tWmÄUv, sItÃmKv kw`m-h\ \ntj-[n-¡-em-Wv CXp-hgn \n§Ä sN¿p-¶-Xv. (Nm-b, Im¸n, Nn]vkv, ]mÂs¸mSn XpS-§nb \nc-h[n `£yh-kvXp¡Ä) 1. bqWn-en-hÀ þ lnµp-Øm³ enhÀ 6. sIms¡m-t¡m-e, s]]vkn I¼-\n-IÄ (sse-^vt_mbv apX ]ntbÀkv hscbpÅ 20 ]cw (\n-c-h[n {_m-v ]m\o-b-§Ä, shÅw, tkmU) tkm¸v I«-IÄ, ]uU-dp-IÄ, Sq¯v t]Ìp-IÄ apX 7. sjÂ, thÄ]qÄ, t^mÀUv, P\-dÄ Ce-Iv{Sn-¡Âkv s^bÀ Bâv euhven hsc-bpÅ Hcp Iq«w DÂ]-¶§ - Ä) (Hm-bnÂ, d{^n-Pt- d-äÀ, Imdp-IÄ, Ce-Iv{Sn-¡Â DÂ]-¶§ - Ä) 2. s{]mIväÀ & Km¼nÄ 8. Bwsh (25Â]cw I¬kyq-aÀ DÂ]-¶-§Ä) (G-cn-bÂ, ssSUv XpS-§nb tkm¸v ]uU-dp-IÄ, hnIvkv 9. ssat{Im-tkm^väv, CâÂ, sF.-_n.-Fw. sU AS-¡-apÅ sseäv saUn-kn-\p-IÄ) (sF.Sn. I¼yq-«À DÂ]-¶-§Ä) 10. dbv _ m³, ]oäÀ Cw¥- - v , eo (I-®-S, sdUn-sabvUv hkv{X-§Ä) 11. kn.-F³.-F³., _n.-_n.-kn. (Sn. hn. Nm-\-ep-IÄ) \n§-fpsS _ln-jvI-cWw BtKm-f-Nq-jW hyh-ØbpsS \s«-Ãp-If - mbn \ne-sIm-Åp¶ hyh-kmb km{amPy-¯n\v G¡p¶ hfsc sNdnb {]l-c-am-sW¦nepw _Z hyh-Ø-bpsS cq]o-I-c-W-¯n\v AXv XoÀ¨-bmbpw Icp¯p ]I-cpw.

˛ laoZv ˛ 6

Hcp cmjv{S¯nsâ tZiob _P-änsâ 50% {]Xn-tcm-[-¯n\v sNe-hm-¡p¶ Ata-cn-¡, AhÀ¡v Xmsg-bpÅ 25 cmjv{S-§-fpsS sam¯w {]Xn-tcm[ _P-än-t\-¡mÄ IqSpX XpI amc-Im-bp-[-§Ä¡mbn amän-sh¡p-¶p-v..


_P‰v ˛ 2003, AXn-k-º-∂¿ B¿Øv hnfn-°p∂p..... " IÌwkv Uyq«n 30 \n¶v 25 iX-am-\-ambn Ipd-¨-t¸mÄ AXn-k-¼¶-cpsS D]-t`mK km[-\-§-fpsSsbÃmw hne-bn 5 iX-am\w IpdhmWv hoWp In«n-bXv!  tImÀ¸-tdäv \nIp-Xn¡v ta 2.5 iX-am\w kÀ¨mÀÖv ]n³h-en-¨t¸mÄ C´y³ hyh-km-bn-I-fpsS \nIpXn _m²yX ho-pw `oa-ambn Ipd-ªp-sh-¶mWv AÀ°w!  Hml-cn hn¸-\-bn-eqsS e`n-¡p¶ hcp-am-\-¯n\v C\n \nIpXn th-¶-Xm-Wv _P-änse asämcp \nÀt±iw! Hcp iX-am\w hcp¶ Hmlcn ZÃmÄamÀ¡pw DbÀ¶ hcp-am-\-¡mÀ¡pw 10 iX-am\w \nIp-Xn-bn-fhv \ÂIp¶XmWv _P-äv.  Imdn-\pw, h{ P-¯n-\pw, kzÀ®-¯n\pw \nIp-Xnbpw Np¦-§fpw `oaambn Ipd¨p-. Imdn\pw, F.-kn¡pw D-m-bn-cp¶ 16 iX-am\w \nIpXn 8 Bbn Ipd-¨p. 50 iX-am\w Ipdhv !  sNdp-InS hyh-km-b§Ä¡v kwh-cWw sNbvXn-cp¶ 75 C\w DÂ]¶-§Ä C\n apX h³InS hyh-km-bn-IÄ¡v D¸m-Zn-¸n-¡m³ A\paXn! km[m-c-W-¡m-cpsS D]-t`m-K-¯nsâ ap´n-b-`mKw Cu \nÀt±iw sIm-v Hä-b-Sn¡v h³InS hyh-km-bn-IÄ¡v hoWp- In-«p-I-bm-Wv!  100 InS- ¡ - I Ä hsc- b pÅ Bip- ] - { Xn- I Ä¡v \nIp- X n- t h- s - ¶ pw, sSentImw taJ-e¡v "\nIp-Xn-b-h[n' XpS-cp-sa¶pw _Päv ]d-bp-¶p.  apgp-h³ kmaqly kpc£m/s]³j³ ]²-Xn-Ifpw "KpW-t`m-àm¡- f psS' Xpey- k w- ` m- h - \ - t bmsS am{Xta C\n D- m - h p- I - b p- Å p. s]³j³ kzbw kw`m-h\ sNbvXmse e`y-am-¡mhq F¶ te_À I½o-j³ dnt¸mÀ«nsâ \nÀt±iamWv ^e-¯n _Päv apt¶m«v hbv¡p-¶Xv!  kmaqly kpc£ ]²-Xn-bn \n¶pw Kh¬saâ nsâ ]n³amäw; C´ybnse h³InS hyh-km-bn-I-fpsS _m²y-X-IÄ ]Ip-Xn-bmbn Ipd-¡psa¶v am{X-aà sXmgn-emfn t£-a-¯nsâ t]cn Ah-cn¶v sNe-hnSp¶ XpI apgp-h³ em`-¯n Iq«n-tNÀ¡-s¸-Sp-I-bmWv! "R§Ä Bh-iy-s¸-«n-cp¶ FÃmw; {]Xo-£n-¨-Xn-e-[nIw Cu _P-än DÄs¸- S p- ¯ n- b n- « p- - v ... '' tIm¬^-U-td-j³ Hm^v C´y³ Câ-kv{Sn-bpsS sNbÀam³ tI{μ-_-P-än-s\-Ip-dn¨v ]d-ªXv C§s\bmWv icn-bmWv Ah-cpsS {]Xo-£-IÄ¡v A¸pdw Xs¶-bmWv _P-äv !

þtZim-`n-am\nþ 7

Cu bp²-¯n "]cn-hmcw' GXp tNcnbnÂ.....? Ata-cn-¡³ P\-Xbpw A´m-cmjv{S kaq-l§fpw bp²-¯n-s\-Xnsc AWn-tN-cp-t¼mÄ C´ybnse lnμp hÀ¤obhmZn-IÄ GXp tNcn-bn-emWv? AhÀ kmap- h  l- n w- K v S sâ "kwkv I m- c §-fpsS kwL-«-\-'sa¶ ap{Zm-hm-Iys¯ s\©n-te-äpI am{X-aà AXv hnfn¨p ]d-bpIbpw sN¿p-¶p. Ata-cn-¡bpw C{kmtbepw C´ybpw tNÀ¶pÅ A¨p- X - v bmYmÀ°y- a m¡-W-sa¶v Xpd-¶p-]-d-bp¶ hn.-F-¨v.-]nbpw, Ata-cn-¡-bpsS A[n-\n-th-is¯ A]-e-]n¡p¶ Hcp {]tabw t]mepw AwKo-I-cn-¡m³ X¿m-dm-hm¯ tI{μ Kh¬saâpw X½n F{X Zqc- a p- - v ? cmkm-bp-[-sa¶ D½m¡n Im«n AWp-hm-bp-[-hp-ambn bp²w sN¿p¶ Ata-cn¡ Cdm-¡ns\ aq¶v IjvW-am¡n Hcp sNNv\nb BhÀ¯n-¡m-\mWv {ian-¡p-¶-Xv. AWp-hm-bp-[hp-ambn \S-¡p¶ kwL-]-cn-hm-c-amWv C´y `cn¡p-¶-Xv. HSp-§m¯ {]IrXn hn`-h-§fpw hyXykvX tZiob P\-k-aq-l-§fpw hnhn[ `mjIfpw kwkvIm-c-§-fp-apÅ C´ybv¡v ta Hcp Ata-cn¡³ A[n-\n-th-i-¯n\v Cdm-¡nse AhcpsS bp²-hn-Pbw Hcp Imc-W-am-hpw. AWp-hmbp- [ - a p- s - ¶ v Xpd- ¶ - S n- ¡ p¶ C´ybpw ]m¡nØm\pw \ncm-bp-[o-I-cn-¡p¶ Npa-Xe Atacn¡ Gsä-Sp-¡pw. cmjv{So-b-ambn Nn¶-`n-¶-ambn-¯o-cp¶ C´y Ip¯-I-ap-X-em-fn-¯-¯nsâ Nqj-W-¯n\v A\-´km²yX-IÄ Xpd¶p sImSp¡pw. temIs¯ BsI \ncm-bp-[o-I-cn¨v temIm-[n-]-Xn-bm-hm³ ]pd-s¸-«n-cn-¡p¶ Atacn¡; C´y-bv¡v ta CS-s]-Sp-sa¶v Xncn-¨-dn-bp¶-h-cn kwL-]-cn-hmÀ DÄs¸-Sp-¶ntà F¶v kwi- b n- ¡ p- ¶ - h - c p- - m - I pw. tZiob kzmX{´y ka-c-¯n {_n«-s\m¸w tNÀ¶v \n¶v hwiob `n¶-X-bp--m-¡m³ "t]mcm-Snb' kwL-]-cn-hmc Ncn{Xw ChnsS \ap-t¡mÀ¡mw. ASn-a -D-Sa hyhØn-Xn-bpsS Xncn-¨p-h-chpw NmXpÀhÀ®y hyhØ-bpsS ]p\-cp-²m-\hpw Hcp Ata-cn-¡³ A[n\n-th-i-¯n-eqsS t\Sn-sb-Sp-¡m\mhp-sa¶v ]cnhmcw IW- ¡ p- I q- « p- ¶ p- - m - h pw. ZÃmÄ ]Wn¡v ]c-a-tbm-Ky-cmWv X§-sf¶v kzmX{´y ka-c¯nse Ch-cpsS "]¦m-fn¯w' sXfn-bn¨XmW-tÃm. BtKm-fh¡-c-W-sa¶ NqjW hyhØ¡v kmaqly ASn-¯-d]Wn-bp¶ ZuXy-am-W-tÃm Ah-cn-t¸mÄ \nÀÆ-ln-¨p-sIm-n-cn-¡p-¶Xv. ]Wn-sb-Sp-¡p-¶h-scbpw AhÀ®-h-scbpw hwiob hn`m-K-§-sfbpw IogS¡n ^mknÌv A[n-Imc hyhØ-sb-¡p-dn¨v kz]v\w ImWp¶ ChÀ BtKmf ^mknÌp-I-fpsS kJy-i-àn-bm-hpI kzm`m-hnIw am{Xw. ]cn-hm-c¯nsâ a\-kn-en-cp¸v Xpd-¶-Sn¨Xv F¶-t¯bpw t]mse hnizlnμp ]cn-£¯v BsW¶v am{Xw.!


_P‰v ˛ 2003, Zcn-{Zsc sXc-™v]n-Sn®v \nIpXn ]ncn-°p∂p "tkh-\-\n-IpXn'sb¶mWv t]cv. \n§Ä hm§p-Itbm A\p-`-hn-¡pItbm sN¿p¶ tkh-\-§Ä¡v \nIp-Xn-sIm-Sp-¡p¶p, A{X Xs¶! tkh\w hne-sIm-Sp¯v Fhn-Sp¶v hm§n-bmepw \nIpXn kÀ¡m-cn\v sImSp-¡Ww F¶-XmWv Cu \nIp-Xn-bpsS AÀ°w! BtKmfh¡-cn¨m ]ns¶ A§-s\-bmWv þ kuP-\y-ambn tkh-\-§-sfm¶pw e`n-¡nsöp am{X- a à h³hn- e - s Im- S p¯p hm§p¶ tkh- \ - § - f p- a mbn bmsXmcp _Ô-hp-an-Ãm¯ kÀ¡m-cn\v \n§Ä ]ng-b-S-¡-Ww-Xm-\pw. BZyw C³jq-d³kv {]oanbw apX sSen-t^m¬ _nÃp-hsc 5 tkh-\§Ä¡mbncp¶p \nIp-Xn-tbÀs¸-Sp-¯n-b-Xv. Ignª hÀjw 10 Xcw "tkh-\-§Ä' IqSn enÌn IS¶p h¶p. t»Uv I¼-\n-I-fn \nt¶m, AXn-t\-¡mÄ henb Adhv tI{μ-§f - n \nt¶m Hcp kvIq«À hm§m³ temsW-Sp-¯m AXnsâ ta 5 iX-am\w tkh-\-\n-IpXn ]ncn-¡m\m-bn-cp¶p Xocp-am-\w. C¡pdn tkh-\-\n-IpXn sImSp-t¡- enÌn 10 C\-§Ä IqSn DÄs¸-Sp-¯n-s¡m--mWv _Päv Ah-X-cn-¸n-¨Xv! ssS¸v ssdänwKv C³Ìn-«yq-«n\pw kzImcy Syqj³ skâ-dn\pw ]mc-e tImtfPn\pw, kvIq«À hÀ¡vtjm-¸n\pw hb-dnwtKm ¹w_ntKm \S-¯n-sIm-Sp¡p¶ s]«n-I-S¡pw hsc tkh-\-\n-IpXn _m[-I-am-¡pI am{X-aà \nIpXn-\n-c¡v 5 iX-am-\-¯n \n¶v 8 Bbn DbÀ¯p-Ibpw sNbvXp! 100 cq] ^okv sImSp-¯n-cp-¶n-S¯v 108 cq] sImSp¯m am{Xta ssS¸v ssdänwKv ]Tn-¡m\mhq F¶p kmcw. ASp¯ _P-än ss{]häv _kv Sn¡-än-\pw, X«p-I-S¡pw hsc tkh\ \nIpXn ]ncn-¡msX "\nIpXnhe' hn]p-ea- m-¡m-\m-hn-söv Dd¸v! he-bn hogm³ Im¯n-cn-¡p-¶-Xn\v ]Icw he-bn-Sp-¶-hsc ]mTw ]Tn-¸n-¡m-\mhptam F¶-XmWv tNmZyw.....?

_P-än i¼-f-¡mÀ¡v Fs´-Ãmtam \ÂIn-sb-s¶mcp hmÀ¯ {]N- c n- ¨ n- « p- v þ CXnsâ \nP-Øn-Xn-sb-´mWv? hfsc Npcp-¡n-¸-d-ªm 1,50,000 cq] {]XnhÀjw i¼fw In«p¶ Hcm-fn \n¶v 19,950 cq] hcp-am\ \nIp-Xn-bmbn kÀ¡mÀ ]nSn-¨psIm- - p - t ]m- I p- ¶ p- - v . ]pXnb _Päv \nÀt±- i {]-Imcw Cu XpI 19000 Bbn-¡p-d-bpw. Hcp hÀjw \ÂIp¶ \nIp-Xn-bn 950 cq] Ipdhv! (78 cq] amkw) . C\n s{]mhn-Uâ v ^ - n s e ]en-i-\n-c¡v 1 iX-am\w Ipd-¡p-¶p-sh¶pw _P- ä n- e p- v . 5 hÀjw ap¼v ]{´- - c iXam\ambn-cp¶ ]n.-F-^v. ]en-i-\n-c¡v hÀjw tXmdpw Ipd¨v sIm-p-h-¶v Ign-ª-hÀjw H¼Xc iX- a m- \ - a m¡n- b n- c p¶p. Ct¸mÄ F«c Bbn Ipd-¡p-¶p-sh-¶mWv _P-än-ep-Å-Xv. 1 e£w cq]-bpsS ]n.-F^ - v. \nt£-]¯ - n\v 12500 cq] {]Xn-hÀjw ]eni In«n-bn-cp¶ sXmgn-emfn¡v Ct¸mÄ 8500 cq]tb e`n¡q! 4000 cq] sXmgn-em-fn-bpsS k¼m-Zy-¯n \n¶v kÀ¡mÀ IhÀs¶- S p- ¯ n- « p- v ! H¼- X - c - b n \n¶v F«- c bmbn Ipd-¡p-t¼mÄXs¶ 1000 cq] {]XnhÀjw ssItamiw h¶p-sh-¶À°w! CXn-s\m-c-\p-_Ôw IqSn-bm-hmw..... hcp-am-\-\nIp- X n¡v ta 2 iX- a m\w kÀNmÀÖv ths-¶v sh¨p-sh¶v _Päv ]d-bp-¶p. F¶m ]Icw 10 iX-am\w Xncn-s¨-Sp-¡m\pÅ hnZy Ignª _P-än Xs¶ \S-¸m¡nbn«p--v. It¼m-f-]-en-i-bnepw Ipdª ]eni¡v (DZm: 5%) IS-sa-Sp¯v hoSv sh¨p-sh-¶n-

_m¦p-IÄ apgp-h³ A´m-cm-jv{S-Ip-¯-I-IÄ¡v C´y³ _m¦nwKv taJ-e-bnse hntZ-i-]-¦mfn¯w 49 iX-am\w Hmlcn aqe-[-\-¯n HXp§n-bn-cp-¶Xv 74 iX-am-\-ambn DbÀ¯m³ _Päv \nÀt±-in-¡p-¶p. s]mXp-ta-Jem _m¦pIÄ AS-¡-ap-Åh ]nSn-s¨-Sp-¡m\pw ebn¡m\papÅ XS-Ê-§Ä _Päv hgn \o¡m\pw a{´n hgn Is- - ¯ p- ¶ p- - v . ssIh- i - a pÅ Hml-cn-bpsS hen¸w F{X-bm-bmepw thm«-hImiw 10 iX-am-\-ambn ]cn-an-X-s¸-Sp-¯n-bncp¶Xv C\n- b p- - m - h n- à . 74 iX- a m\w Hmlcn kam-l-cn-¨m 74 iX-am\w thm«-h-Im-ihpw H¸w e`n-¡p¶ Ip¯-I-h¡-c-W-amWv ]pXnb \nÀt±-i-¯nsâ AÀ°w. 26 iX-am\w hntZ-i-]-¦m-fn¯w A\p-h-Zn-¨ncp¶ C³jqd³kn AXv 49 iX-am-\-ambn DbÀ¯m\pw sSen-tImw, thyma-bm-\w, hnam-\-¯m-h-fw, s]t{Sm-fn-bw, dnss^-\dn taJ-e-I-fn Ct¸mÄ \ne-hn-epÅ 49 iX-am\]cn[n 74 iXam-\-am-¡m\pw a{´n-k` Xocp-am-\n-¨Xv CtXmsSm¸w Iq«n hmbn-¡p-I. ASn-Øm\ hyh-km-b-§Ä, km¼-¯nI t{kmX-kp-IÄ, _m¦v / C³-jq-d³kv /F®... ]gb tImf\n `c-W-¯n-te¡v C\n-sb{X Zqcw....?

cn-¡-s«, It¼m-f-\n-c-¡n-t\-¡mÄ 5% Ipdhp h¶-Xp-sIm-v \n§Ä em`n¨ ]eni¡v 30 iX-am\w hsc \nIpXn kÀ¡mÀ ]nSn-¡p-¶p--v! IS-¯nsâ ]en-i¡v \nIpXn ]ncn-¡p¶ Htc-sbmcp cmPyw C´y-bm-hpw. hcp-am-\-\n-IpXnbnf-hn-\mbn C³jq-d³kv t]mfnkn FSp-¡p¶ i¼-f-¡m-scbpw kÀ¡mÀ Ignª sImÃw Xs¶ sh«n-em-¡n. 20% \nIp-Xn-bn-fhv e`n-¨n-cp¶ C³jq-d³kv k¼mZy¯n\v Ct¸mÄ 15 iX-am-\ta e`n-¡q. A©n-sem¶v JP-\m-hn-te-¡v! i¼f-¡mÀ¡v sImSp¯Xv F{X-sb¶v a\kn-em-btÃm!

8


Btcm-Kyhpw acp∂pw BtKm-fh¬°-cn-°p-tºmƒ "\nt£]w Btcm-Ky-¯nÂ'

.....JUST A LITTLE GLOBAL RESTRUCTURING

s]mXp-P-\m-tcmKy ]²-Xn-I-fn \n¶pw kÀ¡mÀ

k¼qÀ®-ambn ]n³h-en-bp¶Xnsâ {]Jym-]-\-amWv tI{μ_-Pävv. C³jq-d³kv FSp¯v BtcmKyw kwc-£n-¡m³ Bh-iy-s¸-Sp¶ Kh¬saâ nsâ \ne-]m-Sp-IÄ¡v ]nd-In BtKmf acp¶p I¼-\nIfpw temI-_m¦pw Xs¶-bm-WpÅ-Xv. 1. temI-cm-jv{S-§Ä¡v Bh-iy-amb kmt¦-XnI km¼¯nI ]n³XpW \ÂIn-s¡m-v P\-Iob Btcm-Ky-]²-Xn-IÄ hnI-kn-¸n-¡p¶ ZuXy-amWv sFIy-cm-jv{Sk-`-bpsS Iogn {]hÀ¯n-¡p¶ temIm-tcm-Ky-kw-LS\ \nÀÆ-ln-¨n-cp-¶-Xv. s]mXp-P-\m-tcmKyc£, tcmK \nb-{´Ww ipNn-Xz-]-cn-]m-e-\w, Ah-iy-a-cp¶ D¸mZ\w F¶n-h-¡mbn A´m-cmjv{S kaq-l-¯n\v klmb-l-kvX-hp-ambn \ne-\n¶ WHO 1980IfpsS Ah-km-\t¯msS ZpÀ_-e-am-bn. 2. "\nt£]w Btcm-Ky-¯nÂ' F¶ ]²-Xn-bp-ambn temIcm-jv{S-§-fn t\cn«v CS-s]-Sm³ temI-_m¦v cwK¯v h¶-tXmsSbmWv WHO t\m¡p-Ip-¯n-bmbn XoÀ¶-Xv. 3. 1990\v tijw 9 _ney³ tUmfÀ hmbv]- \ ÂInb temI_m¦v; cmjv{S-§fpsS s]mXp-P-\m-tcmKy hnIk-\-\-b-§Ä A«n-a-dn-¨p. kzIm-cy-Nn-In-Õ-bpsS hnIk\w; Btcm-Ky-hn-Zym-`ymk cwK-¯nsâ kzIm-cy-h¡cWw F¶nh A\p-k-cn-¡m³ temI-_m-¦n \n¶v tem¬ hm§nb cmjv{S-§Ä \nÀ_-Ôn-X-cmbn! 4. s]mXp-P-\m-tcm-Ky-]-²-Xn-IÄ Dt]-£n¨,v BtcmKy C³jq-d³kv GÀs¸-Sp-¯-W-sa-¶pw em`-I-c-a-Ãm¯ {]Xn-tcm-[-Nn-In-Õm-co-Xn-IÄ Dt]-£n-¡-W-sa-¶pw, BtcmKy tkh-\-§Äs¡Ãmw bqkÀ NmÀÖv \nÀ_Ô-am-bn-cn-¡-W-sa-¶pw temI-_m-¦nsâ Btcm-Ky--\bw Bh-iy-s¸-Sp-¶p. 5. 2000-þ-am-t-msS FÃm-hÀ¡pw BtcmKyw F¶ e£yt¯msS 1978epw ]n¶oSv 1983epw C´ym Kh¬saâv Bhn-jvI-cn¨ Btcm-Ky-\bw temI-_m-¦nsâ hcthmsS C´y-bnepw A«n-a-dn-bp-I-bmWv sNbvX-Xv. temI¯v kzIm-cy-ta-J-esb Gähpw IqSp-X B{i-bn¡p¶ Btcm-Ky-hy-hØ \ne-\n¡p¶ C´y-bn temI_m¦v CS-s]-S IqSn-bm-bt- ¸mÄ "I¨-hSw k¼qÀ®-ambn'.

HU RIGMAN HTS

_Päv þ 2003 "s]mXpP\m-tcmKyw' C\n kz´w sNe-hn tkh-\-§-sfÃmw Hgn-hm¡n "tkh\ \nIpXn' am{Xw aXnsb¶v _P-äv {]Jym-]n-¡p-¶p. C\n apX C³jq-d³kv FSp¯v NnIn-Õn-t¨m-fm³ C´y-bnse t\À]-IpXn Zcn-{Z-tcmSv kÀ¡mÀ Xpd-¶-Sn-¡p-IbmWv. tZiob hcp-am-\-¯nsâ Hcp iX-am\w t]mepw Btcm-Ky-ta-J-e¡v amän-h-bv¡m¯ temI-¯nse GI cmjv{S-amWv C´y. C\n apX Btcm-Ky-ta-J-ebv¡v kÀ¡mÀ JP\mhn \n¶v Hcp ss]kbpw D-m-hn-söv _Päv Ak¶n-Kv[-ambn {]Jym-]n-¡p-¶p. kÀ¡mÀ Bip-]-{Xn¡pw, saUn¡Â tImtf-Pn-\p-sams¡ ]pXnb DS-a-ØÀ hcp-t¼mÄ NnInÕ In«m³ kÀ¡mÀ sh¡p¶ _Z-emWv C³jq-d³kv ]²-Xn. 30,000 cq]-bpsS NnIn-Õ¡v HcmÄ {]Xn-hÀjw 365 cq]bpw 8% \nIp-Xnbpw tNÀ¯v 395 cq]-bpsS Hcp C³jq-d³kv t]mfnkn FSp-¡pI! 5 AwK-§-fpÅ IpSpw-_-¯n\v Cu tkh\w e`n-¡m³ 592 cq] aXn-bs{X! 7 t]cpÅ IpSpw-_-amsW-¦n 788/--þ cq] sImSp¯v ]²Xnbn tNcm-sa¶v _Päv ]dbp-¶p! kÀ¡mcn\v P\§fpsS Btcm-Ky-¯n Xosc XmÂ]cy-an-söv Icp-Xp¶hcpsS hnaÀi\w t\cn-Sm³ a{´n Hcp hgn I- p sh- ¨ n- « p- - v . \n§Ä Zmcn- { Zy- t c- J ¡v XmsgbpÅ (ImÀUpÅ Zcn-{Z³) Bfm-sW-¦n ]²-Xn-bn tNcm³ 100 cq] JP-\mhv \ÂIp-as{X! _n.-]n.-F ImÀUp-Å-hÀ¡v; tKmUu-Wn Noªp t]mIp¶ Acn-sIm-Sp-¡p¶ Hcp ]²-Xn-bp-v kÀ¡m-cn\v (A-t´ym-Zbm A¶-tbm-P\m ]²-Xn) A©c tImSn Zcn-{Z-cn 50 e£w t]À¡mWv CXp-hsc kÀ¡m-cnsâ Cu A¶w In«n-b-Xv... Acnhm-§m³ Intem¡v 4 cq] thW-sa-¶-Xn-\m Acn-bn-t¸mgpw tKmUu- W n Xs¶!) sImSp- ¯ n«pw hm§n- ¯ n- ¶ m- ¯ hsc¡pdn¨v `c-Wm-[n-Im-cn-IÄ¡v ]pÑ-ap-s- ¦nepw 50 e£w t]À¡v IqSn Acn sImSp-¡p-sa-¶mWv _P-äv ]d-bp-¶-Xv. Acn hm§m³ Imin-Ãm¯ ChÀ C³jq-d³kv FSp¯v NnIn-Õnt¨m-fm\mWv D]-tZiw!

- Access to Essential Medicines, FMRAI

Huj-[ hyh-kmbw -þ s]mXp-ta-J-e XIcp-¶p. lnμp-Øm³ Bân-_t- bm-«nIv enan-äU - v, C´y³ {UKvÊv Bâ v ^mÀa-kyq-«n-¡Âkv enan-ä-Uv, _wKmÄ C½yq-Wn-än, _wKmÄ sIan-¡Âkv, kvan¯v Ìm\n kv{Soäv XpS-§nb I¼-\n-IÄ DbÀ¶ KpW-\n-e-hmchpw hne-IpdªXpw C´y-bv¡m-h-iyap-Å-Xp-amb acp-¶p-IÄ h³tXm-Xn DÂ]m-Zn-¸n¨ncp¶ s]mXp-ta-Jem Øm]-\-§-fm-bn-cp¶p. ]pXnb ap³K-W-\-IÄ Cu h³InS I¼-\n-Isf XIÀ¯p Ign-ªp. Cd-¡p-aXn DZmc-am-b-tXmsS \ntcm-[n¨ acp-¶p-I-f-S¡w Bbn-c-¡-W-¡n\v {_mâp-IÄsIm-v C´y³ Huj[ It¼mfw \nd-ªncn-¡p¶p. Ip¯I I¼-\n-I-fn \n¶v h³hn-e-sIm-Sp¯v acp¶v Cd¡p-aXn sN¿p-t¼mÄ IDPL 1996 apX ASªp InS-¡p-I-bmWv ! em`w sImbv X p- s Im- - n - c p¶ HAL, Max GB & RPG Health Care F¶ I¼-\n¡v ]m«-¯n\v sImSp-¯n-cn-¡p-¶p.

CXn-t\m-sSm¸w Hcp hntijw IqSn-bp--v. kÀ¡mÀ Bip-]-{XnI-sfÃmw kzIm-cy-ap-X-em-fn-amÀ¡v ssIam-dn-¡-gn-ªmÂ, C³jqd³kv t]mfn-kn-sb-Sp¯hÀ¡v NnInÕ In«m³ X¡-h®w Bip]-{Xn-IÄ ]pXp-¡n-¸-Wn-tbt-? 100 InS-¡-h-sc-bpÅ A¯cw Bip-]{- Xn-IÄs¡ms¡ k¼qÀ® \nIpXn Cfhv sImSp-¡m-\pw, hm§p¶ D]-I-c-W-§Ä¡v 40 iX-am\w tXbvam\w Fgp-Xn-XÅm\papÅ \nÀt±iw IqSn _P- ä nep- v . BÀ¡p th- n - b mWv a{´n-bpsS lrZbw XpSn-¡p-¶Xv F¶v a\-Ên-em-bntÃ!

- Access to Essential Medicines, FMRAI

9


Btcm-Kyhpw acp∂pw BtKm-fh¬°-cn-°p-tºmƒ

]pXnb BtcmKy \b-tcJ ]d-bp-¶p... 

Huj[ DÂ]m-Z\w kw_-Ôn¨ Kth-jWw am{X-ambn Btcm-Ky-ta-J-e-bnse Kth-jW {]hÀ¯-\-§Ä ]cn-anX-s¸-Sp-¯W-sa¶v \nÀt±-in-¡p¶ tcJ, amc-I-amb Sn._n., Im³kÀ, IpjvTw, FbvUvkv XpS-§nb tcmK-§Ä¡v t]mepw k¼qÀ® ^okv CuSm¡n NnIn-Õn-¨m aXnsb¶v {]Jym-]n-¡p-¶p.  Ib-äp-aXn A[n-jvTn-Xa - mb acp-¶pÂ]m-Z\ - ¯ - n\v k_vknUn-IÄ thW-sa¶v tcJ-]-d-bp-t¼mÄ Xs¶ WTObpsS t]äâv coXn-s¡-Xnsc t]mcm-Sm³ \nÀt±-in-¡p-¶-XmWv asämcp IuXp-Iw.  acp-¶p-Xv]m-Z\w s]t{Sm-fnbw cmk-hkvXp a{´m-e-b¯nsâ Iogn Xs¶ XpS-cm³ tcJ \nÀt±-in-¡p-¶p. acp- ¶ nsâ KpW- \ n- e hmcw, hne- \ n- b - { ´- W w, ssek³knwKv F¶n-h \nÀ®-bn-¡p-¶-Xn bmsXmcp then-s¡-«p-Ifpw ]mSn-söv tcJ Bh-iy-s¸-Sp-¶p. 2001 {][m-\-a-{´n-bpsS hym]m-c-hy-h-km-b-§Ä¡pÅ D]tZ-iI kan-Xn-bpsS t]cn aptIjv A¼m-\nbpw Ipa-c-awKew _nÀfbpw tNÀ¶v X¿m-dm-¡nb "Btcm-Ky-kp-c£m \b]-cn-jvI-cW' tcJ-bpsS NphSv ]nSn¨v ]pXnb BtKm-fhÂIrX Btcm-Ky-\bw kÀ¡mÀ X¿m-dm-¡n Ign-ªn-«p--v. asäÃm cwK¯pw kw`-hn-¨X - p-s]mse temI-_m¦pw, WTObpw, IMFDw BtKm-f-a-cp¶p Ip¯-I-Ifpw tNÀ¶v X¿m-dm-¡nb Ipdn-¸-Sn-bmWv Cu tcJ-sb-¶v, FMRAI {]kn-²o-I-cn¨ eLpteJ, (Access to Essential Medicines) hyà-am-¡p-¶p. Hcp P\-X-bpsS apgp-h³ Zpc-´-]qÀ®-amb acWw am{Xw e£y-an-Sp¶XmWv Cu \b-tc-J-bnse Hmtcm \nÀt±-i-hpw. 

ate-dn-b-bpw, Sn.-_nbpw, tImf-dbpw hym]-I-ambn aS-§nh-cp-¶X - n-t\-¡p-dn¨v Cu \b-tcJ IW-¡p-IÄ sh¨v DÂIWvT-s¸-Sp-¶p--v. F¶m CXnsâ {]Xn-tcm[w tcJ¡v {]iv\-ta-b-Ã. {]mY-anI Btcm-Kyw, t]mj-Im-lmc ]²-Xn-IÄ amXr-inip BtcmKy ]²-Xn-IÄ XpS-§n-b-h-sbÃmw tcJ Ah-K-Wn¡p-¶p. 1990-þ Pn.-Un.-]n-bpsS 1.3 iX-am-\-am-bn-cp¶p Btcm-Kyta-J-e-bnse \nt£]w. 1999 0.9 iX-am-\-ambn Ipd-ªpsh¶v \b-tcJ Fgp-Xp-¶p-v (-Pn.-Un.-]n-bpsS 8 iX-am\w hsc BtcmKy¯n\v Nne-hn-Sp¶ hnI-knX cmP y-§-fp-w 5 iX-am\w hsc amän-sh-bv¡p¶ B{^n-¡³ cmjv{S§fpw D-v) kÀ¡mÀ Bip-]-{Xn-I-fn hcp¶ 20 iX-am\w tcmKnIÄ Hu«vt]-jyâv NnInÕ tXSp-¶-h-cm-Wv. 45 iX-am\w C³t]-jyâvkpw. s]mXp-P-\m-tcmKy tI{μ-§-fn Bhiy-amb ]mcm-sa-Un-¡Â hn`m-Ktam tUmIvSÀamtcm t\gvkp-amtcm Csöv tcJ ]d-bp-¶p-s-¦nepw AXn\v bmsXmcp ]cn-lmc \nÀt±-ihpw sh¡p-¶n-Ã. NnInÕ apgp-h³ kvs]j-en-Ìp-IÄ¡v G¸n-¨p-sIm-Sp¡p-hm\pw BXp-cm-e-b-§Ä BtKm-f-\n-e-hm-c-apÅ ]©\-£{X Bip-]-{Xn-I-fmbn amäp-hm\pw I½nän \nÀt±-in¡p-¶p. \K-c-tI-{μo-Ir-X-amb NnIn-Õm-]-²-Xn¡p ]pd-sa, saUn¡Â hnZym-`ymkw _ncp-Zm-\´ - c - _ - n-cpZ ]T-\¯ - n tI{μoI-cn-¡-W-sa¶pw Cu \b-tcJ ]d-bp-¶p.

""Ct∏mƒ Iq¨t]mse apf-bv°p∂

acp-¶p-hne IpXn-¨p-b-cp¶p 1970se C´y³ t]äâ v \nb-a-¯nsâ {]tXyIXsIm-v Huj-[-\nÀ½m-W-¯n \ap¡v AXp-ey-Øm\amWv D-m-bn-cp-¶Xv. s]mXp-ta-J-e-bpsS kPoh km¶n[yw Ah-iy-ac - p-¶p-If - psS e`y-Xbpw Ah-bpsS hne¡pdhpw Dd-¸p-hc - p-¯nbncp¶p. 1970 apgp-h³ Huj-[§ - Ä¡pw Kh¬saâ v hne-\n-b{- ´Ww GÀs¸-Sp-¯n-bn-cp-¶p. 1978 CXv 387 C\-ambn Ipd-¨p. 1986 AXv 167 Bbn. 1994 63 acp-¶p-IÄ¡v am{Xw hne-\n-b-{´Ww aXn-sb¶v kÀ¡mÀ Xocp-am-\n-¨p. CXnsâ ^e-ambn acp-¶p-IÄ¡v bYmÀ° hne-bpsS Bbncw Cc-«n-hsc \ÂtI--n-h-cp-¶p. acp-¶p-hne Ib-äp-¶-Xn aÕ-cn-¡p-I-bmWv It¼m-fw. ]pXnb {_mâ v s\bn-an Cd-§p¶ ]gb acp-¶p-IÄ¡v At\-I-an-c«n hne CSp-Ibpw tUmIvSÀamsc kzm[o\n¨v Ah tcmKn-IÄ¡v btYjvSw Fgp-Xn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p¶ h³ Ip¯I I¼-\nIÄ tcmKs¯ Gähpw em`tadnb I¨-h-S¨c-¡m-¡p-bm-Wv. Company Glaxo Hoechst Boehringer

Drug

Actual Price

b methasone Baralgan Euglocon

1,10,000 1,810 2,450

Price Shown 2,20,000 24,735 9,800

% over charged 100 1,267 300

PAG Bulletin

c≠mw hm¿jnI ]Xn∏v “P\m[n]- X y- ¯ n ^mkn- k - ¯ n- s \mcp apdn- b p- v ”{]kn-≤o-I-cn®p c≠mw `mKw DSs\ {]kn-≤o-I-cn-°p-∂p. H¶mw hmÀjnI ]Xn¸v þ BtKm-f-h¡-c-W-¯nsâ Hcp Zim_vZw þ 2 `mK-§Ä (Hä hmfy-¯nÂ) ho-pw {]kn-²o-I-cn-¡p-¶p. tIm∏n-Iƒ°v Fgp-XpI CONVENOR, PAG, 37/1079 A, ‘NARMADA’, KARUVISSERY, KOZHIKODE - 10, Ph : Resi : 0495-2374666, Off : 2723016

tImgn-t°m-Sv, IÆq¿ tZim-`n-am\n _p°vlu-kpI-fn¬ tIm∏n-Iƒ e-`n°pw. 10

kzImcy saUn-°¬tIm-tf-Pp-Iƒ KpcpX-c-amb kmaq-ly-{]-Xym-Lm-X-߃ D≠m-°m≥ t]mhp-I-bm-Wv..... sshZyimkv{Xw samØ-hym-]m-c-ambn Xocp∂Xv am{X-a√ Bh-iy-Øn\v D]-I-c-Wßtfm Ãmt^m a‰v Kth-jW kuIcy-ßtfm C√mØ Cu ÿm]-\-߃ sshZy-im-kv{X-]-T-\sØ Hcp henb Xam-i-bm°n am‰pw.... Chn-Sp∂v "]Tn-®nd-ßp∂' tUmIvS¿amsc am\p-jnI ]cnK-W\ \¬In AwKo-I-cn-®m¬ Xs∂ Ah-cp-≠m-°m≥ t]mIp∂ kmaq-ly-{]Xym-Lm-X-ßfpw Zpc-¥-ßfpw `oI-c-ambn-cn-°pw.......'' -THE HINDU

-


acp-∂p-I-®-h-S-Ønse adn-am-b-߃ temI-hn-]-Wn-bn Cd-§p¶ Hcp acp¶v hfsc s]s«¶v asämcp s{]mÊ-kn-eqsS ChnsS D¸m-Zn-¸n-¨t- ¸mÄ acp-¶n\n« h³ hne shdpw X«n-¸m-sW¶v am{X-aà - s - X-fn-ªXv! Zcn-{ZÀ¡v acp¶v hm§m-\m-bn. IqSmsX C´y³ Huj-[h - y-hyhkmbw hfÀ¶p hnI-kn-¡p-Ibpw sNbvXp. temI-¯nse 50 h³ acp¶p I¼-\n-I-fn t\À]-IpXn C´y³ I¼-\n-I-fmbncp¶-Xnsâ ]n¶m-¼p-dI - Y - bpw CXp Xs¶. Aantem-Un-¸n³ \mev cq]¡pw knt{]m-^vtfm-Ivkmkn³ F«p cq]¡pw BWv hn¡p-¶s - X-¦nepw ss^k-dn-sâbpw dm³_mIvkn-bp-sSbpw acp-¶p-IÄ Xs¶-bmWv Gä-hp-tasd hnägnbp¶Xv! AXnsâ {][m\ D¯-ch - m-Zn¯w \½psS tUmIvSÀ ssZh-§fn-emWv IpSn-sIm-Åp-¶Xv! h³ D]-lm-c§ - fpw hntZ-ib - m-{Xbpw hne-Iq-Snb Imdp-If- p-sams¡ Xc-s¸-Sp-¯n-s¡m-Sp¡p¶ Ip-¯I I¼-\n-If - psS ZÃmÄ]-Wn-sb-Sp-¡p¶ tUmIvSÀamÀ Cu I¼\n-If - psS hne-Iq-Snb acp¶v Xs¶ tcmKn-IÄs¡gp-Xp-¶p! tUmIvSÀ Hcp h³ _nkn-\Ê - p-Im-c\ - m-hp¶p F¶À°w. 750 cq] At]-£m-^okpw {]Xn-hÀjw 2 e£w cq] Syqj³ ^okpw ]¯mw ¢mkn 210 amÀ¡p-ap-Åh - Às¡ms¡ "tUmIvSÀ hym]mcw' \S-¯m³ A\p-hZ- n-¡p¶ tIc-f¯ - nse kzm{ib saUn-¡Â hyh-km-b¯ - nsâ Gähpw henb A{SmIvj³ CXm-Wt- Ãm. hnthI imen-If - mb tUmIvSÀamcpw AXn-Po-hn-¡m-\m-{K-ln¡p¶ a\p-jycpw Hcp-an¨p \n¶p t]mcm-SmsX Cu {]iv\¯n\v ]cn- l - c - a p- - m - h n- à .

Aavtem-Un-¸n³ (Amlodipine) cà-k½À±-¯n-\pÅ Hcp kn²u-j[ - a- mWv! ss^kÀ F¶ Ata-cn-¡³ I¼\n 1993þ 5 anÃn-{Km-ansâ Cu KpfnI 25 cq]-¡mWv C´y-bn hn]-W\-am-cw-`n-¨-Xv. tcmK-ap-Å-hÀ Pohn-X-Imew apgp-h³ D]-tbmKn-t¡--n-h-cp-¶-XmWv Cu acp-s¶-¶-Xn-\m hn¸-\-bn apt¶-dm³ AXnsâ h³hne A\p-h-Zn-¨n-cp-¶n-Ã. F¶m 1994 Ah-km\w C´y-bnse \nc-h[n I¼-\n-IÄ Cu acp¶v hyXy-kvX-t]-cp-I-fn D¸m-Zn-¸n¨n-d-¡n-b-t¸mÄ Kpfn-I¡v hne 7 cq]bmbn-cp¶p! C¶v 1 cq] apX 2 cq] hsc sImSp-¯m acp¶v e`n-¡pw. ss^kÀ I¼\n X§-fpsS Kpfn-I¡v Ct¸mÄ (C-t¸m-gpw) hm§p-¶Xv 4 cq]-bmWv! knt{]m-^vtfm-Ivkmkn³ (Ciprofloxacin) ssSt^mbvkv t]msebpÅ amcI AWp-_m-[-¡pÅ acp¶mWv. C´y³ Ip¯-Ibmb "dm³_mIvkn' (A-Xn-t¸mÄ FÃn-þ-enÃn F¶ Atacn¡³ I¼-\n-bp-ambn _Ô-¯n-em-Wv) 1980-þ CXv amÀ¡än Cd-¡n-bXv 24 cq]-¡m-bn-cp¶p (500mg þ Kpfn-I) C¶v 4 cq]¡v \nc-h[n I¼-\nIÄ Cu acp¶v D¸m-Zn-¨nd¡p¶p! dm³_vIvkn F«c cq]bv¡pw. temI-hn-]-Wn-bn Gähpw Ipd-ª-hn-e¡v acp¶v e`n-¡p¶ cmP y-am-bn-cp¶p C´y! 1970þ \S-¸mb C´y³ t]äâv \nba-¯nsâ kZv^-e-§-fn H¶m-bn-cp¶p CXv. a\pjyPo-h³ \ne-\nÀ¯m³ klm-bn-¡p¶ 29 C\w kp{]-[m\ hkvXp¡Ä¡v t]äâv FSp-¡m³ Cu \nbaw Bscbpw A\p-h-Zn¨n-cp-¶nÃ! Hcp¸-¶¯ - n-\à - , Hcp {]{In-b¡ - mWv C´y t]äâv A\p-h-Zn-¨-Xv.

km[- \ - § - f psS hne- ¡ p- d hv Hcp {][m\ ta·- b mbn«mWv ]c- k y- § - f n ]d-bm-dv. F¶m acp-¶p-I-¨-h-S-¯n hne-¡p-dhv "NÀ¨'-bm-hm-¯Xv F´psIm-v? GXp acp¶p hm§-W-sa¶v D]-t`m-àm-hà Xocp-am-\n-¡p-¶-Xv. I¼-\n- t]cn ({_m-v s\bnw) acp-s¶-gp-Xp¶ tUmIvSÀam-cmWv bYmÀ°-¯n D]t`m-àmhpw hn¸-\-¡m-c\pw F¶-XmWv hntcm-[m-`m-kw. acp-¶nsâ P\-dnIv \maw Fgp-Xmt\ bYmÀ°-¯n tUmIvSÀ¡v Ah-Im-i-ap-Åq. Hcp {]tXyI {_mâ v acp-¶nsâ KpW-sa-s´¶v tUmIvSÀ¡v ]cn-tim-[n-¡m³ Ign-bn-Ã-tÃm. (AXn\v {UKvkv I¬t{Sm-f-dp--v.) I¼-\n-bpsS t]cn«v acp-s¶-gp-Xp¶ tUmIvSÀamsc tNmZyw sNbvXp- s Im- v Cu ka-c-ta-sä-Sp-t¡-Xv tcmKn-I-f-Ã, kaq-lhpw {]Xn-_-Ô-XbpÅ tUmIvSÀam-cp-amWv.

Btcm-Ky-ta-J-e-bnse \nt£]w Hcp cmPym-´c Xmc-Xayw cmPyw Im\U kzoU≥ {_n´≥ ^nen-ss∏≥kv _w•m-tZiv C≥tUm-t\jy

C¥y

k¿°m¿ hnlnXw

kzIm-cy -hn-lnXw

74.7 89.8 85.2 50 43.8 35 21.7

25.3 10.2 14.8 50 56.2 65 78.3

C³jq-d³kn C\n em`m-[n-jvTnX tkh\w am{Xw.....! Pn.-sF.-kn. 5 kzX{´ Øm]-\§ - f- m-btXmsS em`m-[n-jvTnX tkh\w am{Xw aXn-sb-¶pÅ kÀ¡mÀ \bw \S-¸n-em-hp-Ib - m-Wv.  IpSn- e p- I Ä¡v \mi- \ - j vS- a p- - m - b m bmsXmcp {]oan-bh - p-an-ÃmsX dh\yq hIp¸v hgn 3000 cq] C³jq-d³kv I¼-\n-IÄ \ÂInbn-cp-¶p. Cu ]²Xn ]n³h-en-¨p. Xmgv¶ hcp-am-\¡ - m-cmb IpSpw-_§ - f- nse Krl-\m-Y\v A]-IS- a- c - W - a- p-m- b - m 5000 cq] hsc {]oan-ba- n-ÃmsX \jvS] - c - n-lmcw \ÂInbn-cp¶ ]²Xn ]n³h-en-¨p. X«nb hml\w GsX¶v Xncn-¨d - n-bm¯ kml-Nc - y-¯n A]-IS- s - ¸« BÄ acn-¨m 25,000 cq]bpw Kpcp-Xc - a- mb ]cn¡v ]än-bm 12,500 cq]bpw C³jq-d³kv I¼-\n-IÄ \ÂInbn- c p- ¶ p. Cu ]²Xn ]n³h- e n- ¡ m³ Kh¬saâv XXz-¯n Xocp-am-\n¨p Ign-ªp.

tIc-f¯ - nse kvIqÄ Ip«n-IÄ¡v A]-IS

C³jq-d³kv ]²-Xn-bn-eqsS 10,000 cq] hsc km¼-¯nI klmbw \ÂIn-bn-cp¶ ]²Xn ]n³h-en-¨p. 15 hÀjw hsc Imem-h-[n-bp--m-bn-cp¶ ZoÀL-Im-e- hyàn-KX A]-IS C³jq-d³kv ]²Xn (P-\Xm t]mfn-kn) hm§nb {]oanbw Xncn-¨p-sIm-Sp¯v ]n³h-en-¨p. 75 cq]¡v 5,000 cq] hsc \jvS] - c - n-lmcw \ÂIn-bn-cp¶ P\m-tcmKy (saUn-s¢bnw) ]²Xnbn ]pXnb t]mfnkn-IÄ \ÂtI-Xn-söv Xocp-am-\n-¨p. 175 cq] {]oanbw hm§n 15,000 cq] hsc \jvS] - c - n-lmcw \ÂIn-bn-cp¶ saUn-s¢bnw ]²-Xn-bpsS Npcp-§nb ]cn[n 20,000-ambn hÀ²n-¸n¨p; H¸w {]oan-bh - pw. tamt«mÀ {]oanbw \nc¡v sNdnb hml-\11

§Ä¡v 90 iX-am\w hsc hÀ²n-¸n-¨p. F¶m henb hml-\§ - Ä¡v hÀ²-\hv 18 iX-am\w am{Xw. tamt«mÀ hml-\§ - Ä¡v hnebpsS 10 iX-am\w hsc C³jq-d³kv {]oanbw CuSm-¡p¶ hn[-¯n Xmco^v ]cn-jvIc - n¡m³ kÀ¡mÀ Xocp-am-\w FSp-¯X - mbn Adnbp-¶p. saUn-s¢bnw C³jq-d³knsâ kÀÆo-kn§v "tXÀUv ]mÀ«n AUvan-\n-kvt{S-tägvkv' F¶ kzImcy GPâp-amÀ¡v ssIam-dn. Chcpw kzImcy Bip-]{- Xn-Ifpw tNÀ¶v X«n¸v \S¯m³ ]mI-¯nemWv Cu ]²Xn X¿m-dm-¡nbn-«p-ÅX - v.  20,000 cq]-bn Ipd-hpÅ ]²-Xn-IÄ sse^v C³jq- d ³kv tImÀ¸- t d- j ³ ths- ¶ p sh¨p.


Cu IhnX XpS§pw ap¼v Hcp \na njw \ni-_vZX... \nanjw C½m-\p-th HmÀXnknsâ ""Cu IhnX XpS-§pw-ap¼v Hcp \nanjw au\-am-N-cn-¡mw'' F¶ Ihn-X-bpsS Nne `mK-§Ä þ kzX{´ hnhÀ¯\w

sk]väw-_À 11, 2002 Cu IhnX hmbn¨p XpS§pw ap¼v \ap-s¡mcp \nanjw au\w BN-cn¡mw........ Ignª sk]vXw-_À 11\v s]â-KW - nepw, thÄUv t{SUv skâ-dnepw acn-¨h - c- psS _lp-am-\mÀ°w \ap-s¡mcp \nanjw au\w BN-cn¡mw.... sk]väw-_À 11sâ t]cn A^vKm-\n-Øm-\nepw Ata-cn-¡b - nepw A{]-Xy-£c- m-hp-Ibpw XS-hn-eS- ¡ - s- ¸-Sp-Ibpw {Iqc-ambn ]oVn-¸n-¡s- ¸-Sp-Ibpw sImÃ-s¸-Sp-Ibpw _emÂkwKw sN¿-s¸-Sp-Ibpw sNbv X - h À¡v th- n ; \ap-s¡mcp \nanjw IqSn au\-am-Nc- n¡mw..... Cu IhnX hmbn¨p XpS§pw ap¼v A[n-\n-th-i¯ - nsâ Zim-_vZ§ - f- n-eqsS Ata-cn-¡³ ]n´p-Wb - pÅ C{kmbeo ]«m-f¡ - mcm sImÃ-s¸« ]Xn-\m-bn-c-¡-W-¡n\v ]me-kvXo³ ]uc-P-\-§Ä¡v th-n Hcp Znhkw apgp-h\pw \ap¡v au\-am-Nc- n¡mw ]nd¶ a®n {]hm-knIfm¡-s¸-Sp-Ibpw {Iqc-ambn hÀ®sh-dn¡v hnt[-bc- m-¡s- ¸-Sp-Ibpw sNbvX Z£n-Wm-{^n-¡b - nse Idp¯ hÀ¤-¡m-cpsS _lp-am-\mÀ°w Hcp c-p amks¯ au\w..... Cu IhnX hmbn¨p XpS§pw ap¼v, acWw ag t]mse s]bvXv tIm¬{Io-änepw Dcp-¡nepw `qan-bnepw a\p-jy-NÀ½-¯nepw Xpf-¨n-d§ - nb lntcm-jn-ab - n-tebpw \mK-km-¡n-bn-tebpw ]tc-Xm-ßm-¡Ä¡mbn \ap-s¡mcp 9 amks¯ au\w BN-cn¡mw.... hnbäv\mw bp²-¯n acn¨ Zi-e£w a\p-jy-cpsS AØn-IÄ ASn-ªp-Iq-Snb Nmc-Iq-\b - n ]nd¶p hoW Ipªp-§Ä¡mbn Hcp hÀjs¯ au\w.... It¼m-Un-bb - nepw emthm-knepw cl-ky-bp-²¯ - n acn-¨h - À¡v Hcp hÀjs¯ au\w Bhmw..... (an- - t à AhÀ acn- ¨ - h - c m- s W¶v Ah- c - d n- t b- - ) \½psS \mhn \n¶pw ]ngp-Xp-t]mb t]cp-If- p-ambn sImfw-¼n-bb - n Zim-_vZ§ - f- mbn acn-¨h - c- psS _lp-am-\mÀ°w, c- p amks¯ au\w......

P E O P L E

Cu IhnX hmbn¨p XpS§pw ap¼v, Pohn-XI - m-e¯v Hcn¡epw kam-[m-\s- a-s´¶v Adn-ªn-«n-Ãm¯ FÂkm-Âh-tZm-dn\v th-n 1 aWn-¡qÀ au\w..... \n¡-cm-Kzbv¡v th-n 1 kmbm-Ó¯ - nsâ au\w Kzm«n-am-ebv¡v th-n 2 \mfs¯ au\w Nnbm-]m-knse BIvSn-em-bn- acn¨ 45 t]À¡mbn 45 sk¡âv au\w... sI«n-S§ - Ä BIm-it- ¯¡v Xpf-¨p-t]m-Ip-¶X - n-t\-¡mÄ thK-¯n kap-{Z-¯nse Bg-§f- n kwkvIc- n-¡s- ¸«; e£-¡W - ¡ - n\v B{^n-¡¡ - mÀ¡m-bn..... sX¡pw hS¡pw Ing¡pw ]Sn-ªmdpw ssk¡-aÀ ac-§f- psS DÑn-bn Ign-th-äs- ¸«v Xq§n-bmSnb a\p-jyÀ¡mbn 25 hÀjs¯ au\w.... ...................................... `qanbnse Cu ]mXn-bn \n¶v, ChnsS \n¶v ss]ân- U v P v , hq- U v \o, kmâv {Io¡v, ^mf³ Snwt_gvkv, s{Sbn Hm^v Sntbgvkv XpS-§nb ]nIv¨À t]mÌv ImÀUp-IÄ t]mse NXp-ch - S- n-bmb KqVm-tem-N\ - I - f- n-eqsS Poh\pw `qanbpw X«n-¸d- n-¡s- ¸« \qdm-bncw BZn-hmkn P\-§Ä¡mbn Hcp \qdp hÀjs¯ au\w........ ...................................... CXv sk]väw-_À 11sâ Ihn-Xb - m-sW-¦n CXv Nnen-sb-¡p-dn-¨pÅ Hcp sk]väw-_À 11mw Xn¿-Xn-bnse Ihn-Xb - m-Wv. 1977se Z£nWm{^n-¡b - nse Ìo^³ _ot¡m-bv¡pÅ sk]väw-_À 12mw Xo¿Xn Ihn-Xb - mWv 1971 \yqtbmÀ¡nse Bän¡m Pbn-en XS-hn InS¶ ktlmZ-c· - mÀ¡pÅ sk]väw-_À 13þmw Xn¿Xn Ihn-Xb - m-Wv. 1992se tkmam-en-bm¡v th-n-bpÅ Hcp sk]väw-_À 14þmw Xn¿Xn Ihn-Xb - m-Wv. I¯n-¡c- nªv `qan-bn hogp¶ Hmtcm Xn¿-Xn-¡p-apÅ Ihn-Xb - m-Wv. Hcn-¡epw ]d-b-s¸-Sm¯ 110 IY-IÄ¡v th-n-bpÅ IhnX........ Ncn{Xw ]mT-]p-kvXI - § - f- n Fgp- t X- s - ¶ v Xocp- a m- \ n¨ 110 IY-IÄ¡v th-n-bpÅ IhnX....... kn.-F³.-F\pw _n.-_n.-knbpw \yqtbmÀ¡v ssSwkpw \yqkv ho¡pw Ah-K-Wn¨ 110 IY-IÄ¡p th-n-bpÅ Ihn-X. C\nbpw \n§-fpsS ]tc-XÀ¡v th-n Hcp \nanjw au\-am-N-cn-¡-W-sa-¶p-t-m......?

A G A I N S T

G L O B A L I S A T I O N

BtKm-f-h¬°-c-W-Øn-s\-Xnsc C\n ]n.-F.-Pn. _pÅ-än³ IqSp-X t]Pp-I-tfmsSbmWv {]kn-²o-I-cn-¡pI (hÀj-¯n Ipd-ªXv 8 e¡-§Ä) A®Sn sNehpw X]m¬ Nm¿÷pw AS°w 50 cq]-bmWv hm¿jnI hcn-kwJy (hm¿jnI ]Xn-∏p-Iƒ CXn¬ s]Sp-Øm≥ \n¿Δm-l-an-√) 50 cq]-bpsS DD/MO -Ab-°pI _p≈-‰n≥ \n߃°v e`n-°p-sa∂v Dd-∏p-h-cp-ØpI

P\-߃

CsX´m KmÔnPn _pÅäv {]q^n-ev...?

q^v _pÅäv {]

(DD tIcf tÌäv P\-d C³jq-d³kv Fwt¹m-bokv bqWn-bsât]cnÂ

tImgn-t¡mSv amdm-hp-¶-Xm-bn-cn-¡-Ww) CONVENOR, PAG, 37/1079 A, ‘NARMADA’, Karuvissery, Kozhikode - 10

PEOPLE AGAINST GLOBALISATION (PAG) \v

]mÀe-saâ v lmfn khÀ¡-dpsS Nn{Xw

th≠n tIc-f-mtÉv P\-d¬ C≥jq-d≥kv Fwtπm-bokv bqWn-b\pw

LIC Fwtπm-bokv bqWn-b≥ tImgn-t°mSv Unhn-j\pw tN¿∂v (AIIEA) s]mXp-Xm¬]-cy-{]-Imcw tImgn-t°mSv \n∂v {]kn-≤o-I-cn-°p-∂Xv

FUn-‰nwKv, teHu-´v, Ipdn-∏p-Iƒ : AP-b≥, amt\-PnwKv FUn-‰¿ : ctaiv DTP & Layout : Datacare, Calicut

Printed at : Kairali Offset Prints, Calicut

12

\º¿ ˛19 am¿®v, G{]n¬ 2003 Suggested Contribution Rs. 5

19  

http://pagkerala.org/images/Archives/19.pdf

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