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Issue 1: June 2021

Eco hub A bimonthly e- magazine

Are you interested in reading materials concerning environment? Then, this is surely going to make your day!

Let’s go!


About the

ECO HUB Eco Hub is a bimonthly e- magazine launched by Ms. Meena Pandey, Regional Ambassador to Asia, Tunza Eco generation. This magazine contains articles, poems, arts, essays, reports, facts and program updates concerning environment. This is the first issue of the magazine developed with an aim to create awareness on environment related issues and highlighting ambassador program. We welcome all age groups to join us with enthusiasm with their contribution for upcoming issue which will be launched at the last week of August. Best Wishes!


How can you get featured in this magazine?

To get featured in this magazine, all you just need is to send us an email showing your interest and writings such as arts, poems, essays etc. concerning environment. It is open to all age groups so that environmental enthusiast can upgrade themselves and get motivation to work for the mother earth. We welcome all age groups to join with dedication. We wish that this will surely create a novel opportunity for all of you to express your views towards environment. Green Cheers!

Meena.eco25@gmail.com Tunzaeconepal@gmail.com

Meena Pandey


ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS I (Meena Pandey) would like to acknowledge Mr. Sagar Koirala and Mr. Alok Dhakal for all support during preparation. Thank you Mr. Binod Gauli for his help to prepare this e- magazine.

SAGAR KOIRALA

ALOK DHAKAL

Regional Ambassador to Asia, Nepal Eco generation

Regional Ambassador to Nepal Eco generation

BINOD GAULI Bachelor in Engineering Nepal


Contents Upcycling: The concept of redesigning recyclable products- Ms. Meena Pandey

World Environment Day and COVID- 19- Ms. Alka Dhakal We have come far!- Ms. Lahana Maharjan

Ozone layer depletion and its effect- Ms. Prasamsha Dhakal Deforestation and Overpopulation- Ms. Isha Raj Bhagat Human Wildlife Conflict in Nepal- Mr. Alok Dhakal Time for Nature- Mr. Pranav Gaba Gallery Section Program Information (Pictoword Puzzle #3, Green Talk Series, Lets share your concept of Zero Waste and Oratory Competition)


Upcycling: The concept of redesigning recyclable products

Ms. Meena Pandey Regional Ambassador to Asia The Most Inspirational Ambassador of 25th Term Tunza Eco Generation


Upcycling: The concept of redesigning recyclable products

U

pcycling is the concept of redesigning

recyclable products to maximize their value. Innovative upcycling can help people reconnect with materials and create making cultures and communities. Upcycling is a term that encompasses a variety of ‘creative' repair, reuse, repurpose, refurbishment, redesign, remanufacture, and recycling techniques. The social, economic, and political background in which upcycling activities take place has an effect on them.

Considering the potential of product upcycling as a means of waste reduction and sustainable production and use. To achieve a significant degree of scaling-up, it's logical to develop successful change strategies and techniques, which necessitates an understanding of what drives and encourages upcycling (i.e. its determinants). I have been adopting zero waste life style as much as I can. I have also been upcycling the materials to the best of my knowledge. I encourage everyone to do that.

Upcycling isn't a modern activity; it's been a part of human life for centuries. We could argue that making tools out of flints and bone or building shelters out of local vegetation was a type of upcycling when the first prehistoric peoples populated the earth. Despite the growing popularity of emerging practitioners and increasing resources (e.g. conferences, websites), upcycling is still a limited activity.

Meena Pandey


World Environment Day and COVID- 19 Ms. Alka Dhakal Nepal


World Environment Day and COVID- 19

T

his years World Environment Day 2021 is

celebrated with the theme "Ecosystem Restoration". It is the United Nations principle vehicle for encouraging awareness and action for the protection of environment. Burning issues like marine pollution, human overpopulation, global warming, sustainable consumption and wildlife crime is being addressed globally. Its the platform for public outreach with participation from over 143 countries annually. Environment day has been facilitating the advocacy in environmental causes forum for business, non-government organization ,communities and the government. Biophysical environment is being degraded due to the pressure of overconsumption, population growth and unplanned urbanization. Global anthropogenic emission of greenhouse gases

and air pollution is reaching to extreme level.

So far, COVID 19 has caused the death of more than 3 million of people worldwide but environmental world is getting a bit of break. A world in which human are travelling far less is offering the major environmental benefit. Wildlife protection is enhanced due to the pandemic. Every committed citizen is responsible for the environmental protection The earth won’t continue its harvest except our faithful environmental stewardship. Applying our efforts to repair damage and reverse trends for environmental conservation is vital. Lets all work for conservation of mother earth.

Alka Dhakal


We have come far! Ms. Lahana Maharjan Nepal


We have come far!

I

t's the year 2021, we're cooped up inside our

homes, and after decades of attempting to outwit nature, nature has finally outwitted us. I occasionally wonder if it is too late for us to reimagine our future; to recreate and restore this wonderful place we call home. The global coronavirus outbreak has demonstrated how devastating ecosystem loss can be. Can we be the generation that turns back the clock and reconciles with nature? We think of planting when we think of restoring our ecosystem, but ecosystem restoration entails more than just replanting trees. It also entails environmental protection and ethical sourcing of goods and services. Ecosystem restoration is about protecting the environment. This includes not only restoring forests and

protecting natural areas but also distancing from companies involved in deforestation. Everything is interconnected, and when we destroy one system, we undermine the ability of all systems to function in balance. I've always believed that every small step we take can result in a larger change and a brighter future. When we think of a better future, we think of sustainability. So can we start from ourselves, and find methods to work with and within natural systems is essential for long-term development. Every action has an impact on our world and has the potential to be extremely beneficial. We've gone so far in development that I feel we can take a few more steps toward simpler, more sustainable lives for ourselves, the environment, and the future.

Lahana Maharjan Nepal


Ozone layer depletion and its effect Ms. Prasamsha Dhakal Nepal


Ozone Layer depletion and its effects

T

here has been a rise in global temperature in recent

times. And depletion of the ozone layer is one of the factors behind it. Have u ever wondered why do our parents ask us to apply sunscreen before stepping out into the sun? Well that’s because of harmful radiation also known as UV rays or Ultraviolet rays emitting from the sun. Too much exposure to the Sun’s UV rays can increase the risk of skin cancer and can severely affect your immune system. Not only that, but these rays can even harm the single cell organisms, plants, and aquatic animals because UV rays break the chemical bonds within DNA and protein molecules. But don’t worry because between the Sun’s harmful rays and life on the Earth lies and invisible pale blue protective shield, we call it the Ozone layer. It’s like a sunscreen of the Earth. It is found in the upper part of the atmosphere called the stratosphere. Ozone means smelly in Greek because the gas has a strong odor. Some oxygen molecules that contain two atoms absorbed energy from the Sun’s UV rays and split to form a single oxygen atom. Then these single atoms mix with the remaining oxygen with two atoms to form a thin layer of oxygen gas with three atoms to form the ozone layer. The ozone layer or ozone shield is a region of Earth's stratosphere that absorbs most of the Sun's ultraviolet radiation. It contains a high concentration

of ozone (O3) in relation to other parts of the atmosphere, although still small in relation to other gases in the stratosphere. Everything was safe and fine for billions of years until, in the 1970s; scientists discovered that this thin layer of gas is slowly depleting, and evidence revealed that the certain man-made chemicals were responsible for it. Nature maintains a balance between the production and the degradation of the ozone in the stratosphere. This balance has been disrupted due to the enhancement of Ozone degradation by chlorofluorocarbons (CFC’s). Also CFCs molecules are highly stable and can last for up to 100 years. And unfortunately, this gives them plenty of time to find their way to the ozone layer. Chemicals such as chlorofluorocarbons also called as CFC’s and nitrogen oxide coming out from a wide range of industrial and consumer appliances, mainly refrigerators, air conditioners, and fire extinguishers billowed towards the Ozone layer. And begin to destroy the oxygen molecules resulting in thinning of the ozone layer, which is popularly known as the Ozone hole. Ozone depletion is particularly marked over the Antarctic region which resulted in the formation of a large are of a thinned ozone layer commonly known as Ozone hole. It was discovered in 1984 by Jonathan Franklin, Joseph Farman and Brian Gardiner.


EFFECTS OF THE OZONE LAYER DEPLETION UV radiations having the shorter wavelength then UV-B are completely absorbed by Earth’s atmosphere. While UV-B damages DNA which may result in mutation. It also causes ageing of the skin and skin cancers. In the human eye Cornea absorbs UV-B radiation and a high dose of UV-B causes inflammation of the cornea called snow blindness. Such exposure may permanently damage the cornea. Recognizing the deleterious effects of ozone layer depletion an international treaty known as The Montreal Protocol, was signed at Montreal (Canada) in 1987 which became effective from 1989 to control the emission of Ozone-depleting substances. Subsequently many more efforts have been made and various protocols have laid down definite roadmaps separately for developed and developing countries for reducing the emission of the CFCs and other ozone depleting chemicals. But fortunately, all ozone atoms is not lost yet, as with increasing awareness about the harmful effect of CFC and other chemicals, the production and consumption of such substances have decreased to a significant level. And as a result, the Ozone layer is slowly getting healed and getting back to its original form. But as a responsible person we should play our part to serve the ecosystem as well. So what can we do to help? Well, there isn’t much we can do about the CFCs that were released already, but there are some things we can do now, and the first thing to do is spreading awareness about its harmful effects amongst our friends and family. The other essential thing we can do is if we have air conditioners or refrigerators more than 20 years old, we should make sure to replace it with a new one and we should be sure to have the old one disposed off properly. But perhaps it really tells of a newfound talent to work together to protect the global environment. So, let’s do our best to stop them, and the right time to do is now.

Prasamsha Dhakal


Deforestation and Overpopulation Ms. Isha Raj Bhagat Nepal


Deforestation and Overpopulation

W

hat if I told you that you only have 2 days to

live with the present amount of oxygen in the atmosphere? Pretty unbelievable, right? But this could very well be our future if environmental degradation continues at this very pace. We all know what overpopulation is and how it leads to deforestation. To understand it more clearly, let's dive into the statistics of overpopulation and deforestation. Deforestation, as we all know, is the permanent removal of trees for a non-forest use. Accelerated by human-induced activities, it has been a worldwide concern since 1960. As of now, forests cover 31% of land area on Earth. Why is forest so important to us? We all know we need forest for food and oxygen for our basic survival but apart from that; forest is home to 80% of the world's terrestrial biodiversity, 1.6 billion people depend on forest for their livelihoods, it removes harmful greenhouse gases from the atmosphere which is 15 billion tons of CO2 every year that balances the water

cycle and reduces global warming, it prevents natural disasters, it provides herbs and medicinal plants, for example: aspirin tablets are made from white willow trees. When we take away forest, it's not just the trees that are felled but the entire ecosystem begins to fall apart with dreadful consequences for all of us. So, why has deforestation been such a burning cause of concern since 1960? One of the major causes of deforestation is agricultural expansion, 80% of global deforestation is caused by agricultural expansion. Construction of different infrastructures contributes to 15%. Remaining 5% is caused due to urbanization. Now, all of these causes are linked and interconnected to each other which point to another problem we are facing currently with deforestation that is overpopulation.


Every hour 15,000 people are added to the world with an alarming population growth of 1.1%. This rate amounts to 83 million people annually. With these distressing numbers, many other unnerving problems arise. On first glance, it may seem like the more humans we have, the better will be the world due to technological advancements, more inventions and profits. It is true in some cases but it is simply not possible for human population to grow without any limit because the world itself has a limit to all its resources. Thus, more people mean more food, more houses and more demands which call for more environmental degradation. These degradations hence result in global warming, ozone layer depletion, several diseases, pollution and loss of biodiversity. So, these numbers have to decrease in order to maintain quality life. Many countries like China, Thailand, Russia, etc have proved that it is indeed possible. Modernization, awareness and literacy, widespread family planning measures, women empowerment & education are the major long-term solutions to this problem. But for now, the consequences of overpopulation that we are already facing have to be addressed. Among which, one of the significant consequences is deforestation. The application of genetic field can help a lot to satisfy the increasing demands of food by producing hybrid species through genetic recombination that can produce more quantity of crops and animal food resources in shorter periods of time. Going paperless at home or work whenever possible, following the 3R's of reduce, reuse & recycle for plant products, digitalizing exams and wedding invitations are some of the ways as to how we can pay our small contributions to save the trees. At last, as Moti Nissani says, we CAN if we WANT, have fewer people and more trees. What we are still lacking is the wisdom, courage and compassion to convert this knowledge into reality.

Isha Raj Bhagat


Human Wildlife Conflict in Nepal

Mr. Alok Dhakal Nepal


Human Wildlife Conflict in Nepal

N

epal's conservation efforts have been a major

success, with endangered animals flourishing in the wild. This has been made possible by political commitment, law enforcement agencies', crackdown on poaching and illegal wildlife and body parts trading, and the majorly the Nepali Army's enhanced presence in protected regions. In past, the thousands of animals previously roamed the vast jungles of Nepal's Tarai plains, including the Royal Bengal tiger and the onehorned rhinoceros, but their numbers quickly dwindled due to excessive hunting by members of the Royal family and their foreign guests. In the 1970s, the first national park in Nepal was established in Chitwan to safeguard the tiger and rhinoceros. To safeguard distinct endangered species of flora and animals, Nepal now has established various national parks (12), one wildlife reserve, six conservation areas, one hunting reserve, and ten Ramsar sites. Despite

the fact that Nepal's conservation efforts have shown results, the rising frequency of humanwildlife conflicts, many of which result in human mortality, represents a major problem in recent years.

Just for example in just one month, from midFebruary to mid-March this year, three people were killed in wildlife attacks near the Chitwan and Bardiya National Parks and buffer zones. The increased human-wildlife conflict could be due to a variety of factors. However, as humans encroach on their habitat in deep woods, wild animals have been compelled to wander out into buffer zones and human settlements in search of food and grazing land. The confrontation between humans and wildlife began in the 1960s, when people from the hills relocated to the plains in search of cultivable farmland, often settling in and nearby forest regions. However, the situation has worsened in recent years as a result of population increase, which has resulted in ever-expanding communities.


As a result, wildlife and humans compete for common natural resources such as wood and grass, among other things. Conflicts like these have an influence on people's food security as well as the health of humans and animals. And when people are injured or killed as a result of wildlife attacks, it's only natural for them to turn on the animal. Wildlife attacks vary in frequency, severity, and timing, according to studies. Tigers, rhinos, and bears attack humans primarily in protected regions, whereas elephants and leopards attack humans in human settlements. The Asiatic elephant and the common leopard have both been implicated in human attacks, with the elephant causing severe crop damage and the leopard causing considerable harm to livestock.

As a result, solutions must be found on an individual basis. Human-wildlife conflict is unavoidable and cannot be avoided. Solutions to the conflict must be found so that humans and wildlife can coexist together. Whether it's smart land use planning, compensation for wildlife harm, or resource sharing, the community must be included in order to develop a long-term solution.

Alok Dhakal


Time for Nature Mr. Pranav Gaba India


Today, I have a story to share; After which, let’s start a worldly affair. Step-by-step, if we make people aware; Then, believe the lord, we have nothing to fear. The story is one of plight; Demanding the Earth be made free of blight. Ecosystem restoration is the need of the hour; Which will give future generations more power. Far & far I look into the stygian utterness; Nothing I see more than an empty sky. The space above is filled with weirdness; For which we can do nothing, but sigh. If we can’t make Earth a castle for fairies; Every street must at least be filled with daisies. Ecosystem restoration should be our biggest goal; For which we should not hesitate to give our all. Afterall, no one is too small; No one is too sized. We all must act together; To win the fight.

Pranab Gabha


Gallery Section


Glimpse of International Day for Biological Diversity- 2021

Theme of IDBD 2021 : “We're part of the solution #ForNature”


Glimpse of World Environment Day 2021

Theme of WED 2021: “Ecosystem Restoration”


WED: 2021 Ms. Meena Pandey with children showing their arts prepared on occasion of World Environment Day 2021


PROGRAM UPDATE


Pictoword Puzzle #3

 There are total 7 Pictoword Puzzles and 3 short questions.  With each Pictoword puzzle you can find a short question where you are requested to provide your thoughts in each question.  Based on the correctness of the Pictoword puzzle and the short question answers the winner will be selected.  Special gift hampers from Tunza Eco generation will be provided to the winner. Puzzle Release : 7th June Deadline : 10th July Winner Announcement: 12th July And We request everyone to follow COVID 19 Safety measures, be safe and enjoy playing Pictoword Puzzle!!

Game Link: https://bit.ly/2RtVvCB


Green Talk Series


Ms. Meena Pandey will talk with friends, students, professors, our kith and kin, parents, eco generation members, eco generation ambassadors and the organizations working on global environmental issue. Once the interview is done, the video will be uploaded in YouTube channel mentioned below. It will also be posted on our official Facebook page of Tunza Eco Network so that I can reach to many people.

https://www.facebook.com/Tunzaeconetwork (Tunza Eco Network, Nepal) https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCsAeIrhLTjEPgmaOVdB4sJw (Meena Pandey)


Lets Share your concept of Zero Waste


A small act of change can be the way to a big revolution. So, we would like you to share one or multiple zero-waste lifestyles. We hope to reach it to as many people as we can. It can be the use of a reusable water bottle and refilling it. This kind of small act can save thousands of plastic bottles from being thrown away resulting in pollution.

For any query mail us at tunzaeconepal@gmail.com Meena Pandey (pandeymeena999@gmail.com)

Individual can send photos separately, it will be compiled by the organizing team to Meena.eco25@gmail.com or tunzaeconepal@gmail.com All the participants of the campaign will be awarded with digital certificate.

Let your zero waste lifestyle be adopted by others too.


Oratory Competition


In order to commemorate this year World Environment Day 2021, Tunza Ecogeneration Regional Ambassador for Asia had organised ‘Oratory Competition’. The content to speak must were under one of the topics: a. Ecological restoration b. Deforestation and loss of biodiversity c. Waste disposal


The announcement of the winner was not less than herculean task. We are pleased to announce that Ms. Sanskriti Giri is the winner of our ‘Online Oratory Competition’. Let's have a big round of applause for Ms. Sanskriti Giri. You can watch her performance here. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NxSxAImPpnQ


https://www.facebook.com/meena.pandey.79656 Meena.eco25@gmail.com Tunzaeconepal@gmail.com

https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCsAeIrhLTjEPgmaOVdB4sJw

Profile for Meena Pandey

Eco hub: A bimonthly e- magazine  

In this magazine we have writings related to global environmental issue and any approach for the upliftment of the contemporary environmenta...

Eco hub: A bimonthly e- magazine  

In this magazine we have writings related to global environmental issue and any approach for the upliftment of the contemporary environmenta...

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