Page 1

TRIPLE L

LUIS VELASCO + LEONARDO FELIX + LUIS MARTIN MEDINA


Occupancy classificattion:

“CB-2� central business district, broadway/13th/main. Business B: Offices; 100 ft. per occupant Assembly A-2: Restaurant; 15 ft. per occupant Mercantile M: Retail or wholesale store; 60 ft. per occupant Residential R: Living space; 200 ft. per occupant

AVE L

15th STREET

AVE k

14th STREET

Total building area is 34,100 sqft. Minimum five levels in height. There should be not a height limit, except when the property is adjacent to any "R-1" or "R-2" zoned property, even if separated by a street or alley, the maximum height shall be twentyfour (24) feet with no windows above ten (10) feet. Provided, however, that buildings may be erected to a height of seventy-five (75) feet when the front, side and rear yards are increased two (2) additional feet for each foot such buildings exceed twenty-four (24) feet. Windows may be permitted when the additional setback is imposed.

M A I N S T.

Building area and height:

13th STREET

B R O A D W A Y S T.

AVE j

AVE M

Egress:

N Care Facilities Church Site

N

Law Offices Commercial/ Offices Parking Structure Food

Views

Best views are to the northwest side of the site

Sensory

Major traffic happens at Broadway street. this results in undesirable traffic noises.

Building Setbacks:

SITE ANALYSIS

The front yard setback for structures and outdoor dining areas/patios shall be no less than the average setback established by the development on the adjacent lot or lots. On corner lots, the front setback shall be no less than zero (0) feet and no greater than the setback established by the development on the adjacent lot. On development tracts adjacent to vacant land, the minimum setback shall meet the average established setback in the immediate vicinity. In no event, however, shall any garage have less than a twenty (20) foot front setback.

Landscaping Requirements:

No less than ninety (90) percent of the required front yard excluding paved curb returns or driveways up to a minimum of five (5) percent of the total development lot area shall be landscaped and permanently maintained, except that: a. Interior courtyards shall not be included in any required landscaping. b. Buildings with zero (0) front and side setback shall not be required to have any on-site landscaping except that when a structure with zero (0) setback has adjacent parking five (5) percent of that parking area must be landscaped. The parkway areas of adjacent rights-of-way, excluding paved curb cuts and driveways shall be landscaped and permanently maintained. This shall be in addition to the landscaping required above. Any landscaping placed in the parkway must be in compliance with section 29-30(b)(6)i.3. of the zoning ordinance. All required landscaping must be visible from the public right-of-way and placed for maximum enhancement of the property. Landscaping shall meet the requirements of section 29-3(62).

Trafic & Vegetation Diagram

Sun Analysis

Site

Traffic Direction

Parking Requirements:

Residential units - One space for each efficiency unit, one and one half (1 1/2) spaces for each one bedroom unit, two (2) spaces for each unit with two (2) or more bedrooms, plus one additional space for each four (4) units in the development. Townhomes, garden homes, duplexes and single family shall comply with the "R-1" and "R-2" parking standards. Restaurants serving or not serving mixed alcoholic beverages - One space for each one hundred (100) square feet of gross floor area, except that outside dining areas/patios with fewer than two hundred fifty (250) square feet shall not be included in the gross square footage. Any outside dining areas/patios larger than two hundred fifty (250) square feet shall have the entire area included in the gross square footage. Shared or leased parking shall be subject to approval by the zoning board of adjustment under section 29-19(d)(1).

Site

Current view of the site

Average Temperatures

N

In the international building code Groups: A, B, and M require at least two exit access was leading to two independent exits. The building needs to be sprinkled, with: a. Maximum travel distance of 300 ft. b. 100 Ft. Maximum common path of Egress travel c. 49 occupants max. in largest room or area that may have only one means of Egress. d. Minimum length of a dead end corridor of 50ft.


ay

dw

L

Preliminary Design 1 | 10 stories high

Preliminary Design 2 | 7 stories high

OFFICE LIVE LOBBY RESTAURANT LD/WASTEt

ay

dw

oa Br

PROGRAM BLOCKS

oa Br

ay

dw

oa Br ue n e Av

Preliminary Design 3 | 7 stories high

ue n e Av

L

ue n e Av

L


ANALYSIS

PRELIMINARY DESIGN_

North West View

Zones

Service Core

Preliminary design 1

North West View

Zones

Service Core

Preliminary design 2

North West View Preliminary design 3

Zones

Service Core

-The building is a small reflection of the buildings close to the site. -The design demonstrates simplicity and easy understanding. -It is a 10 story structure with at least 12’ ft high on each floor. A hole in the middle of the structure let the sunlight reflect into the building. -The structure has a split core in which the vertical shafts stand against the south wall; each shaft locates in both east and west directions. -The cladding on the building is horizontal strips of concrete and glazing running from top to bottom along the building. -Each floor has approximately 30% of glazing which helps sun light to provide enough illumination for the working, and living activities during the most part of the day. The design attempts to combine the program requirements in to two major spaces; a horizontal space which consists of the restaurant and retail space and a vertical one that encloses the rest of the program. The vertical Space is divided into two zones (north and South) to take advantage for natural lighting. The two major spaces are interconnected at ground level to create a unified whole space. The energy challenge for this particular design is to reduce the cost of items such as cooling, heating, lighting and other energy consumption problems. The building is oriented towards the north. This gives an opportunity to use natural light to help reduce energy consumption. The building uses a curtain wall system on the north side of the building (the main access) to take advantage of the natural light. On the south side the amount of glazing is reduced to allow for the control of direct sun light. The core is designed as a double core placed on the east and west of the building, multiple cores work well for low rise buildings. A double core placed in a building facing north has a low annual cooling load.


Preliminary design 2

Preliminaryv design 3

PRELIMINARY DESIGN_

ANALYSIS

Preliminary design 1

-The main idea in the proposal 3 was to get a more private view in every floor, divide the whole square footage into what it would look like 5 diferent small buildings, by pulling volumes out and pushing others in, getting or alternating the volumes in the building, this would allow protection from the sun to the windows in the other stories, helping with the reduction in energy cost. -There were some variations in the model, different cladding, variationsin where the windows were positioned, but there was not a very drastic change in the energy consumption. -The different areas of the building are distributed in 7 floors, and it helps to maxize space and area. -The building is oriented towards north, this helps to use better the light and help with the energy costs. The building is a steel frame, concrete and glass.

Chosen Design : Preliminary Design 1 This proposal represents best what the intention of the design is and also works better energy wise and also more economic for the region of lubbock, it helps to conserve more energy than the other two designs.


Construction Type:

STRUCTURE__

ZONING+CODE

“CB-2” central business district, broadway/ 3th/main. Business B: Of_ces; 100 ft. per occupant Assembly A-2: Restaurant; 15 ft. per occupant Mercantile M: Retail or wholesale store; 60 ft. per occupant Residential R: Living space; 200 ft. per occupant

Structural system:

We decided to use precast concrete for the structural system of our building. Precast concrete systems are characterized by reduced depths and deflections for spanning members, faster construction and increased quality and durability.

Configuration of Structural Systems: 24” x 24” Precast Columns for heights of 24’ We are using these columns mainly for the first floor of our building which includes the restaurant, lobby and the retail areas. 12” x 12” precast columns for heights of 12’ we are using these columns for the rest of the building since all the floor distances are the same 12’. 12” x 24” precast beams for spans of 30’ we decided to have spacing between columns of 30’, for this reason the use of this beams are apropiate. 9” thick precast solid topped slab for spans of 30’

Fire Resistance:

The building needs to be sprinkled, with: a. Maximum travel distance of 300 ft. b. 100 Ft. Maximum common path of Egress travel c. 49 occupants max. in largest room or area that may have only one means of Egress. d. Minimum length of a dead end corridor of 50ft.

13'-0"

Open Office Space

2'-0"

Courtain Wall

13'-0"

Living Space

13'-0" 2'-0" 1'-0"

Open Office Space

13'-0"

13'-6"

2'-0" 13'-0"

Open Office Space

13'-0"

1'-0"

13'-0"

1'x2' Precast Beam 13'-0"

Open Office Space

13'-0" 2'-0"

13'-0"

Open Office Space

13'-0"

Egress Stairs

1'-0"

2'x2' Precast Column Restaurant / Lobby

23'-1" 23'-0"

Basement

13'-10" 20'-0" 16'-6 3/4"

Elevators

6'-5 1/4"

3D DOCUMENT


2'-0"

72'-6"

14'-0"

14'-0"

14'-0" 88'-3 1/4"

14'-0"

14'-0"

WE USED PRECAST CONCRETE DOUBLE TEE SLABS FOR THE TWO TOP FLOORS IN ORDER TO SPAN LONGER DISTANCES AND HAVE OPEN SPACE TO DESIGN THE APARTMENT LAYOUT. PRECAST DOUBLE TEE SLAB CAN SPAN MORE THAN 60’ 2’X1’ BEAMS PRECAST CONCRETE COLUMN 16”X16”

14'-0"

PRECAST CONCRETE SLAB 16”X16” 24'-0"

STRUCTURAL

24'-0"

13'-0"

PRECAST CONCRETE COLUMN 2’X2’


ANALYSIS

Based on the occupancy level, we identified three different zones in our design: Zone One: the first floor is is divided into two subzones; the restaurant and the lobby space. Zone Two: the office space. Zone Three: the living space. v Based on the three different zones, we choose a Multizone Heating and Cooling System. To be more specific we are using a Central Air System: Single Duct, Constant Air Volume (CAV). In the Multizone System, several ducts from a central fan serve several zones. This system blend hot and cold air at the fan to send air into each duct at the temperature requested byy the thermostat in that specific zone. The major components for this MEP system are: a boiler and chimney, chilled water plant, cooling tower, fan room, outdoor fresh air and exhaust louvers, vertical supply and return ducts, supply diffusers, and return grilles. The sizing of the major equipment spaces such as the boiler and chiller room, fan room, electrical and communication room and the water pump rooms are illustrated in figure 1 with their correspondent sizes. The size of the duct work is 2’x1’ and the diffusers are 1'-9" in diameter. TOP VIEW

MECHANICAL

COOLING TOWER

BOILER AND CHILLER


BASIN CABINET

DRINKING FOUNTAIN HEATING PIPE

COOLING PIPE

URINAL

TOILET

PLUMBING

The plumbing wall is large enough to house the supplu, waste, and vent piping necessary to serve the fixtures. Based on the occupant level which is 50 people, we need 2 restroom for men and 2 restroom for women. One accesible ADA fixture of each type is required to provide acces for disabled persons. In toilet rooms with partitioned water closet compartments, at elast one such compartment must be wheelchair accesible.

WATER PUMPS


SINK

1 1/4” IPS PLUMING PIPES

HEATING WATER SUPPLY

URINAL COOLING WATER SUPPY SINK WATER WASTE

DRINKING WATER FOUNTAIN 1 1/4" IPS WATER WASTE Heating

1 1/4" IPS WATER SUPPLY

TOILET WATER SUPPLY Cooling

ADA WOMEN'S TOILET ADA MENS' TOILET CLOSET BEND

PLUMBING

DRAINS Waste 4 31/64" IPS PLUMING PIPES


VERTICAL SHAFT WHERE THE ELECTRICAL TRAY RUNS VERTICAL RUNNING FROM BASEMENT TO THE TOP CEILING OF LAST FLOOR AND EXTENDING INTO EACH FLOOR

2'-0"

2'-0"

2'-0"

2'-0"

112'-2 1/4" 2'-0"

2'-1"

125'-7 3/4"

ELECTRICAL

10'-5"

2'-1" 20'-5"

CABLE TRAY 2’X6”

DRY TYPE TRANSFORMER 6'-0"


BOILER AND CHILLER 800 sq.ft. REQ.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION:

10

EXHAUST AIR LOUVER REQ. AREA MUST BE 80’ FRESH AIR LOUVER REQ. AREA MUST BE 100’ CHIMNEY AND COOLING TOWER CONNECTOR SHAFT 2’-2”x6’-10”

DUCT WORK SHAFT 3’-8”x13’-2”

SPACE FOR COOLING TOWER MUST BE 150 sq. ft. CHIMNEY MUST BE 2’x2’ SIZE OF DUCT WORK IS 2’x1’

FAN ROOM 1000 sq.ft. REQ.

ELEVATOR

11

32

1

24

2

23

3

4

24 x 6 1/2" = 13'-0"

MECHANICAL PLAN

05

WIRING SHAFT 2’-5”x13’-5” 07

22

21

5

20

6

19

7

18

8

17

9

16

10

15

11

14

13

ELEC./TELECOM. ROOM 150 sq.ft. REQ.

PIPE SHAFT 1’-8”x15’-10”

RESTROOM WET WALL 16”x14’-9” DOMESTIC AND FIRE WATER PUMPS 200 sq.ft. REQ.

12


28'-8 1/4"

D

1

10

C

27'-1/4"

EAST ELEVATION

2 05

B

1. BOILER AND CHILLER ROOM 2. FAN ROOM 3. ELECTRICAL AND TELECOM. ROOM 4. WATER PUMP ROOM 5. ELEVATORS

11

30'-2 1/4"

24

2

23

3

4

24 x 6 1/2" = 13'-0"

1

07

22

4

21

5

20

6

19

7

18

8

17

9

16

10

15

11

14

3

13

A 12

BASEMENT

32

23'-1/4"

22'-11 3/4"

29'-9"

25'-3"

101'-0"

2

1

1’

5’

10’

3

4

5


39

2 11

39

7

6 12

13

9

14

8

15

7

16

6

17

5

18

4

19

3

23 x 6" = 11'-6"

10

20

2

21

1

22

NORTH ELEVATION

23

4

1

3 12

6 22

1

21

2

20

4

9

07 22 x 6 1/4" = 11'-6"

3

38

19

18

5

17

6

16

7

15

8

14

9

13

10

12

11

GROUND FLOOR PLAN

23

1’

5’

10’

8

5

1. RESTAURANT AREA 2. RETAIL AREA 3. LOBBY AREA 4. ELEVATOR LOBBY 5. RESTROOMS 6. STAIRS 7. ENTRANCE 8. ELEC.\COM. CLOSET 9. KITCHEN


12

12

3 13

11

13

11

14

10

14

10

15

9

15

9

16

8 8

17

7 7

17 18

6 6

18 19

16

4 4

3 3

25 x 6 1/2" 24 3/4" = 13'-0" 14'-0"

5 5

19 20 20 21

WEST ELEVATION

21 22

2 2

22 23

1

23 24

24 25

24

OFFICE FLOOR PLAN

2 1

1. OFFICE AREA 2. ELEVATORS 3. STAIRS 4. RESTROOMS 5. ELEC.\COM. CLOSET

16

3 25 24

24 23

1

07 23 22

3 3

4 4

25 x 6 1/2" 24 3/4" = 13'-0" 14'-0"

2 2

21 20

5 5

20 19

6 6

19 18

7 7

18 17

8 8

17

9

16

16

15

9 10

15

10

14

11

14

11

13 13

5’

10’

12

12

1’

4

22 21

5


12

3 13

14

10

15

9

16

8

17

7

18

6

19

5

20

4

3

1

25 x 6 3/4" = 14'-0"

11

21

22

2

23

1

24

25

PERSPECTIVE

28

LIVING FLOOR PLAN

2 42

40

1

21

3 25

1

24

2

23

4

25 x 6 3/4" = 14'-0"

07 3

22

21

5

20

6

19

7

18

8

17

9

16

10

15

11

14

13

12

1’

5’

10’

4

1. LIVING SPACE 2. ELEVATORS 3. STAIRS 4. ELEC.\COM. CLOSET


Open Office Space Courtain Wall Living Space

Open Office Space

SECTION_

ALL SYSTEMS

Open Office Space

1'x2' Precast Beam Open Office Space

Open Office Space

Egress Stairs

2'x2' Precast Column Restaurant / Lobby

Basement

Elevators


16" x16" Structural Concrete Column Concrete Slab

Cable Ladder

DETAILED SECTION_

ENVELOPE

HVAC System 13'-0" Aluminum Panels Mullions

1'-0"

13'-0"

Courtain Wall

13'-0"

Offices

2’ x 1’ Precast Concrete Structural Beams

13'-0"


Energy Balance Evaluation

Energy Balance Evaluation

ArchiCAD Educational version, not for resale. Courtesy of Graphisoft.

ArchiCAD Educational version, not for resale. Courtesy of Graphisoft.

Key Values

Energy Consumption by Targets

General project data Location: Activity Type: Evaluation Date:

lubbock, texas Multiple 11/28/2011 8:13 PM

Building geometry data Treated floor area: 36785.85 Building shell area: 57207.54 Ventilated volume: 551243.66 Glazing ratio: 13

sq ft sq ft cu ft %

ECODESIGNER ANALYSIS

Building shell performance data Air leakage: 1.29 Outer heat capacity: 14.62*10-4

Heat transfer coefficients Building shell average: Roofs: External walls: Basement walls: Openings:

U value 0.24 0.44 - 0.44 0.14 - 0.48 0.14 - 0.14 0.23 - 0.50

[Btu/sq ft,F,hr]

Specific annual demands Net heating energy: Net cooling energy:

15.03 79.35

kBtu/sq fta kBtu/sq fta

185.07 179.11 0.48 10.05

kBtu/sq fta

Energy consumption: ACH Primary energy: Btu/sq ft,F Operation cost: CO2 emission:

Energy quantities 7 8 4 3 Energy Target name

kBtu/sq fta USD/sq fta lb/sq fta

Cost

Primary

Emission

MBtu/a

USD/a

MBtu/a

lb/a

Heating Cooling Hot water generation Ventilation fans Lighting & appliances

Sum:

C O2

Quantity 562.5 5332.2 192.1 259.0 459.5

4621 7077 1690 1519 2695

599.6 3619.6 211.3 777.0 1378.6

73802 168513 26830 36174 64181

6805.4

17603

6586.1

369502

[%]

78 Energy costs 15

[%]

10

Energy Consumption by Sources

Energy Source name

Energy Source type

Solar collector Environment Natural gas Electricity

Renewable Fossil Secondary

Sum:

Quantity

Cost

MBtu/a

USD/a

lb/a

34.1 4125.7 710.8 1934.7

0 0 6254 11349

0 0 99282 270220

6805.4

17603

369502*

40

Quantity

Solar collector Environment Natural gas Electricity

CO2 emission

Source name

26

9

CO2 emission 73% 63%

[MBtu]

0

17

24%

1000

2000

3000

4125.7 10

20

[%]

7 46

Monthly Energy Balance Energy quantities

Supplied energy

CO2 emission

Energy costs

806.2

27

28

500

36 28 [%] 10

62

64 61

10

[%]

250

27

36

[%] 73

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

64 73

Oct

Nov

Dec

0 [MBtu] 0 250 500

* This amount of CO2 is absorbed in one year by 2.1 acres (roughly equivalent to 1.5 football fields) of tropical forest.

750 Emitted energy

Page 1 of 2

Sep

Page 2 of 2

Lighting and equipment Hot water generation Mechanical heating Human heat gain Green energy Solar gain Transmission Infiltration Mechanical ventilation Hot water Mechanical cooling


Shadow Study

ECOTEC ANALYSIS

Weather Data

Avg. Temperature

Avg. Rainfall

January

April

Avg. Humidity

Avg. Wind Temperature

June

October


AERIAL VIEW


VIEWS


BIRDS EYE VIEW


BUILDING INFORMATION MODELING [BIM]  

Final set of documents for the Building Information Modeling class. Software: Archicad 2011

Read more
Read more
Similar to
Popular now
Just for you