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RNI No. DELBIL/2011/40166 Postal Regd. No.DL(S)-17/3433/2013/15 Publication Date 1st of every month Posting Date 5 & 6 of every month

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J U N E . 2 0 1 3 , VO L . 3 , I S S U E . 3 0

ns[ksa ist 25

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RNI No. DELBIL/2011/40166

ns[ksa ist 29

ekewyh CyM VsLV cpk,xk dSalj ds ejht dh tku

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,d djs jänku rhu dks feys thounku

ns[ksa ist 22

l lekpkj viMsV l lkbal ,.M fjlpZ l M‚DVj dh ckr l doj LVksjh l ,DliVZ O;wt l gsYFk ds;j Cover May_2013.indd 2-3

04-06-2013 PM 10:27:18


Medi Health June 2013.indd 1

04-06-2013 PM 10:11:50


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editor@medihealthtoday.com

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Medi Health June 2013.indd 3

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22

twu & 2013

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32

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20 23 24 4 twu-2013

Medi Health June 2013.indd 4

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jä dk dksbZ eksy ugha

jä nku tSlk egknku 04-06-2013 PM 10:11:58


Medi Health June 2013.indd 5

04-06-2013 PM 10:11:59


MHT

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l rirs ekSle esa [kkuiku dk [;ky j[kuk csgn t:jh gSA ;gka dqN ,slh gh [kkus&ihus dh phtksa dk ftØ fd;k x;k gS] tks bl ekSle esa vkidks j[ksaxh ÅtkZ ls ljkcksj-csjht bl ekSle esa cktkj esa Cyw csjht fey tk,a rks le> yhft, fd vki cgqr HkkX;'kkyh gSaA blesa ekStwn foVkfeu , vkSj lh tSls iQysoksukWbM~l xfeZ;ksa ds ekSle esa gksus okys ;wjhujh buiQsD'ku ls lqjf{kr j[krs gSaA bruk gh ugha ;g ikpufØ;k dks nq#Lr j[kus ds lkFk gh dfCt;r esa Hkh jkgr nsrh gSA rjcwt vkSj [kjcwtk dSyksjh dh fpark R;kx bu yky vkSj gjs iQyksa dk lsou Hkjiwj ek=k esa djsaA gks lds rks fnu dh 'kq#vkr bUgha ls djsaA dgus dk eryc ;g fd uk'rs ds lkFk bu iQyksa dk lsou djuk ykHkçn gSA foVkfeu , vkSj lh ;qDr ;siQy 'kjhj esa chVk dSjksfVu vkSj

ikuh dh deh dks Hkh iwjk djus esa lgk;d gSaA byk;ph D;k vkidks irk gS fd byk;ph esa 'kjhj dks BaMk j[kus ds vusd xq.k ik, tkrs gSaA blesa ekStwn ,aVhvkWDlhMsaV~l 'kjhj esa ekStwn uqdlkunsg rRoksa dks ckgj fudkyus esa enn djrs gSaA lkFk gh ikpura=k Hkh vPNk jgrk gSA xehZ ds ekSle esa udlhjiQVus dh leL;k vke ckr gSA ,sls esa dqpyh gqbZ byk;ph dks ukfj;y ikuh ds lkFk feykdj fi,aA VekVj jkstkuk VekVj dk ,d fxykl twl ;k lwi dk lsou 'kjhj esa ,aVhvkWDlhMsaV~l dh deh dks iwjk djus ds lkFk gh iQkbclZ vkSj foVkfeal dh HkjikbZ Hkh djrk gSA VekVj dk lsou 'kjhj dks dqnjrh rkSj ij lw;Z dh fdj.kksa ls yM+us yk;d cukrk gSA VekVj esa ekStwn ikuh fMgkbMªs'ku dh leL;k ls futkr fnykus ds lkFk gh 'kjhj dh jksx

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l ckr dks eku yhft, fd lksuk okdbZ lsgr ds fy, lksuk gSA vc loky ;g mBrk gS fd fdruk lksuk pkfg,\ cgqr ls yksx pkj&ikp ?kVs dh uhan dks i;kZIr ekurs gSa] tcfd cgqr ls yksx ukS ?kVs dh uhan dks lgh crkrs gSaA fo'ks"kKksa dk dguk gS fd LoLFk jgus ds fy, lkr ls vkB ?kVs dh uhan i;kZIr gSA ;fn vki lqcg larq"V gksdj mBsa rks le>sa fd uhan iwjh gks xbZA jkr esa vDlj ftudh uhan ckj&ckj [kqyrh gS mUgsa iwjh uhan ds iQk;nksa ls oafpr jguk iM+rk gSA uhan iwjh u gksus ij dke esa eu u yxuk] flj nnZ gksuk] fpM+fpM+kuk] eklisf'k;ksa esa f[kapko rFkk ;knnk'r esa deh ns[kh tk ldrh

çfrjks/d {kerk dks Hkh c<+krk gSA ;g yks CyM çs'kj dks nq#Lr djus ds vykok ;g jDr esa dksysLVªkWy ds Lrj dks fu;af=kr djrk gSA eëk vf/drj yksx blds xq.kksa ls okfdiQ gksaxsA eës esa lsa/k ued ] gjh fepZ] djh iÙk] thjk vkSj vnj[k ds lkFk bldk lsou nwljh fdlh Hkh fMªad ds eqdkcys Lokfn"V vkSj iQk;nsean gSA ;g fliQZ 'kjhj dks BaMk gh ugha j[krk] cfYd fMgkbMªs'ku ls cpkus ds lkFk gh ikpufØ;k dks Hkh nq#Lr djrk gSA vke xfeZ;ksa dk ekSle vke ds fcuk v/wjk gSA vke pkgs idk gqvk gks ;k dPpk] blesa xfeZ;ksa ds çdksi ls cpko ds fy, lHkh vko';d rRo ik, tkrs gSaA iSfDVu vkSj foVkfeu ls Hkjiwj vke vkidks bl ekSle esa gksus okyh vupkgh Fkdku] yw vkSj ghV LVªksDl ls Hkh cpkrk gSA

gSA ;gk rd fd fMçs'ku Hkh gks ldrk gSA fo'ks"kKksa ds vuqlkj ;qokvksa lfgr lHkh ds fy, lkr ls vkB ?kVs dh uhan t:jh gS vU;Fkk CyM çs'kj c<+ ldrk gSA uhan vkidks fjpktZ djrh gSA blls 'kjhj dh dksf'kdkvksa ds iqufuZekZ.k dk dke gksrk gSA 'kjhj dks vkjke feyus ds lkFk esVkckWfyTe etcwr gksrk gSA blls isV Bhd jgrk gS o gekjs 'kjhj dh bafæ;k Hkh Bhd ls dke djrh gSaA uhan dh deh ls fnekx dk U;wjksVªklehVj gkbZ gks tkrk gS] ftlls fnekx ds U;wjkWUl dks uqdlku igqaprk gSA LVªsl ysoy c<+us ls ân;jksx o dbZ vU; çdkj dh chekfj;ka ?ksj ldrh gSaA vc rks vkidks irk py gh x;k gksxk fd lksuk fdruk t:jh gSA

6 twu-2013

Medi Health June 2013.indd 6

04-06-2013 PM 10:12:00


Medi Health June 2013.indd 7

04-06-2013 PM 10:12:00


MHT

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lokZbdy fMLd 32

o"kZ dh fel es?kk [kUuk ,d daI;wVj lkWiVos;j daiuh esa eSustj gSaA og vpkud xnZu vkSj nkfgus gkFk esa rst nnZ ls xzLr jgus yxhaA ,evkjvkbZ tkp gksus ij irk pyk fd mudh xnZu dh pkj vkSj ikp ucj dh cfVZczk ds chp dh fMLd dke ds le; yxkrkj ncko iM+us ls ckgj mHkjdj jh<+ dh gìh ls gkFkksa dks tkus okyh ul dks nck jgh gSA mUgksaus bykt djk;k vkSj fiQft;ksFksjsih Hkh djk;h] ijarq dksbZ iQk;nk ugha gqvkA fel [kUuk cgqr ijs'kku gks x;ha vkSj csgrj bykt dh ryk'k esa og esjs ikl vk;haA eSaus mUgsa lokZbdy baIykV vkSj vkWijs'ku ds lnHkZ esa tkudkjh nhA mUgksaus vkijs'ku djkus dk fu.kZ; fy;kA vkWijs'ku ds ckn mudh fnDdrsa [kRe gks x;haA D;k gS baIykV vk/qfud lokZbdy baIykV esfMdy xzsM VkbVsfu;e ls fufeZr gksrk gSA fMLd dh ljpuk ds Lo:i okyk ;g ,d

flxy ihl bysfLVd Lislj gSA bl baIykV dks xnZu dh ofVZczk ds chp [kjkc gks pqdh fMLd ds LFkku ij fdlh LØw vkfn ds cxSj çR;kjksfir dj fn;k tkrk gSA çR;kjksi.k ds ckn xnZu dks vkxs >qdkus esa ;g cn gksdj ofVZczk dks vkxs dh vksj eqM+us nsrk gS vkSj xnZu ds ihNs ys tkus ij ;g baIykV Lo; gh iQSydj ofVZczk dks ihNs ys tkus esa enn djrk gSA ;g Åij ;k uhps dh fMLd ij Hkh dksbZ nq"çHkko ugha Mkyrk gS vkSj u gh vius pkjksa vksj vokfNr dSfY'k;e vkfn inkjZ~Fkks dks lfpr gksus nsrk gSA cs'kd lokZbdy fMLd fMtht ds dkj.k vkWijs'ku ;ksX; jksfx;ksa ds fy;s lokZbdy baIykV ,d vR;r lVhd o liQy vkFkksZ&LikbZu vkWijs'ku fof/ gSA bl ltZjh ds ckn jh<+ (Likbu) dh ofVZczk iw.kZ :i ls LoLFk o pyk;eku jgrh gSa vkSj çkdfrd fMLd dh rjg 'kkWd ,CtkcZj dk dke djrh gSA

Hk

VkbQkbM dh gksxh gkj

kjr tSls fodkl'khy ns'kksa esa VkbiQkbM ,d xHkhj LokLF; leL;k gSA VkbiQkbM lkYeksusyk VkbiQh uked thok.kq ls gksus okyk lØked jksx gSA gkykfd cPpksa dks o;Ldksa dh rqyuk esa VkbiQkbM gksus dh vf/d lHkkouk gksrh gS] ysfdu o;Ldksa esa blds y{k.k cnrj gks ldrs gSaA VkbiQkbM ds fy, tksf[ke okys dkjdksa esa 'kkfey gSa mu {ks=ksa esa dke djuk ;k ;k=k djuk tgk ;g chekjh igys ls gh iQSyh gqbZ gSA fdlh chekjh ;k xyr thou&'kSyh ds dkj.k 'kjhj ds jksx çfrjks/d r=k dk detksj gksuk vkSj ihus dk ,slk ikuh tks VkbiQkbM mRiUu djus okys thok.kq ls çnwf"kr gksA ;s lHkh dkj.k VkbiQkbM gksus dh vk'kdk dks c<+k nsrs gSaA

vc xfeZ;ksa dks xquxqukus nks

Hk

ys gh xehZ ds fnu cs#[ks ekus tkrs gksa ij yLlh] iuk] pqLdh] f'kdath] tythjk 'kcZr] [kêh&ehBh vfe;k] iQkYls] csy vkfn fdruh gh fu;kerksa dk etk xehZ ds ekSle esa gh fy;k tk ldrk gSA xfeZ;ksa esa yw vkSj mel ds dksi ls cpus ds fy, t:jh gS thou'kSyh vkSj [kku&iku esa la;e ds lkFk cnyko ykus dhA ekSle ds vuqdwy vkgkj u fliQZ xehZ ds ekSle esa 'kkjhfjd vkSj ekufld vkjke nsrk gS cfYd vkus okys ekSle rd fiQV Hkh j[krk gSA xeZ gokvksa ds geys ls cpsa rst /kwi vkSj yw ds FkisM+ksa dks utj vankt dj ?kj ls fudyuk etcwjh gSA yw ls cpus ds fy, LVksy] p'ek vkSj Nrjh dk ç;ksx djsA [kkus esa is; inkFkksZ dks vf/d egRo nsaA MkW- Kku çdk'k f=kikBh crkrs gS] yw ls cpus ds fy, iuk] yLlh] xqykc] [kl o panu dk 'kcZr fi,aA pk; dkWiQh tSlh xeZ rklhj okyh phtksa ls rkSck djsA lqikP; Hkkstu ysa vkSj jlhys iQyksa ds lkFk gh I;kt dks lykn esa 'kkfey djsA

8 twu-2013

Medi Health June 2013.indd 8

04-06-2013 PM 10:12:00


Medi Health June 2013.indd 9

04-06-2013 PM 10:12:03


MHT

lekpkj

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cksu Vh-ch- ls feysxk NqVdkjk fLy

i fMLd] lokZbdy] vFkZjkbfVl tSlh chekfj;ksa ds ckn egkuxjh; thou'kSyh us 'kjhj ij ,d vkSj geyk fd;k gSA isV Hkjus ds fy, tad iQwM~l ij fuHkZjrk vkSj niQrj esa dke ds ncko us jh<+ dh gìh dks uqdlku igqapkuk 'kq: dj fn;k gSA bl chekjh dks ge cksu Vh-ch- ds uke ls tkurs gSaA Vh-ch- dh 'kq#vkr iQisQM+ksa ls gksrh gS] tks dkykrj esa jä ds tfj;s gfì;ksa ij Hkh nq"çHkko Mkyus yxrh gSA bl fLFkfr dks cksu Vh-ch- dgrs gSaA le; jgrs vxj cksu Vh-ch- dk irk ugha pyk rks ;g Likbu dks

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cqjh rjg {kfrxzLr dj nsrh gSA pwafd Likbu gekjs 'kjhj dk vfrlosnu'khy vax gS fygktk bldh lqj{kk vkSj cpko ds çfr ges'kk lpsr jguk pkfg,A 'kjhj esa dgha Hkh nnZ gksus ij MkWDVj ls ijke'kZ fy, cxSj reke yksx LofpfdRlk (lsYiQ esfMds'ku) 'kq: dj nok,a ys ysrs gSaA ,slk djus ls gekjs 'kjhj dk jksx&çfrjks/d r=k (bE;wfuVh flLVe) detksj gksus yxrk gSA ekewyh jksxksa ls

'kkdkgkj ls tqM+s feFkd

tdy tgka ,d vksj iwjh nqfu;k esa 'kkdkgkj viukus dh eqfge py jgh gS] ogha nwljh rjiQ osthVsfj;u [kkuiku dks ysdj yksxksa esa dbZ rjg dh Hkzked /kj.kk,a çpfyr gSaA buesa fdruh lPpkbZ gS] vkb, tkurs gSa vxj vkids eu esa vius 'kkdkgkjh gksus dk eyky gS rks ;g vkys[k t:j i<+saA bls i<+us ds ckn 'kkdkgkj ls tqM+h vkidh lkjh xyriQgfe;ka vklkuh ls nwj gks tk,axhA Hkze 'kkdkgkfj;ksa dks çksVhu dk iks"k.k ugha fey ikrk gdhdr vDlj ge ;g lksprs gSa fd osthVsfj;u yksx çksVhu ds iks"k.k ls oafpr jg tkrs gSa] ij ;g cgqr cM+h xyriQgeh gS fd ukWuost gh çksVhu dk çeq[k lzksr gSA 'kk;n vkidks ;g ugha ekywe fd ouLifr;ksa ls çkIr gksus okyk çksVhu dksysLVªkWy jfgr gksrk gSA buesa i;kZIr ek=k esa iQkbcj Hkh ik;k tkrk gS] tks ikpu ra=k vkSj gfì;ksa ds fy, fo'ks"k :i ls iQk;nsean gksrk gSA blds vykok 'kkdkgkjh Hkkstu esa gj rjg dh nkyksa] lfCt;ksa vkSj iQyksa esa Hkh i;kZIr ek=k esa çksVhu ik;k tkrk gS] tcfd fpdsu] jsM ehV ;k vaMs esa ekStwn çksVhu esa iQkbcj fcYdqy ughagksrkA buesa iQSV vkSj dksysLVªkWy Hkjiwj ek=k esa ik;k tkrk gSA blfy, vf/d ek=k esa ukWuost dk lsou fny vkSj fdMuh ds fy, uqdlkunsg lkfcr gksrk gSA

yM+us dh çfrjks/d {kerk Hkh 'kjhj esa ugha jg tkrhA ,aVhckW;fVd nokvksa dk lsou rks MkWDVj ds ijke'kZ ds cxSj fcYdqy u djsaA Likbu Vh-ch- ,d xHkhj LokLF; leL;k gSA le; jgrs bykt u djkus dh fLFkfr esa ;g jksx 'kjhj dks v'kä cuk ldrk gSA

gYnh vkSj rqylh jksdsxh eq[k dSalj

xq

V[kk vkSj rackdw ls gksus okys eq[k dSalj dks jksdus ds fy, vc nslh bykt dh jkg fudy vkbZ gSA dk'kh fganw fo'ofo|ky; esa nar foku ladk; ds Mhu çks- Vhih prqosZnh us 'kks/k ds ckn ik;k fd rqylh vkSj gYnh ls eqag esa gksus okys bl tfVy jksx dk lVhd bykt laHko gSA ;wa rks ge gYnh vkSj rqylh ds çkd`frd xq.kksa ls igys ls gh ifjfpr gSa] vc bu nksuksa dh blh fof'k"Vrk dk mi;ksx vksjy lcE;wdl iQkbczksfll fMlht tks vkxs pydj eq[k dSalj cu tkrk gS] ds bykt gsrq Hkh fd;k tk ldsxkA djhc ,d o"kZ rd pys çks- prqosZnh dh Vhe ds 'kks/ dks MsaVy dkSafly vkWybafM;k igys gh ekU;rk çnku dj pqdh gSA ekpZ 2013 esa ch,p;w us Hkh fpfdRldksa dh ns[kjs[k esa bl ijfr ls mipkj djus dh vuqefr çnku dj nhA lj lqanjyky vLirky esa gYnh vkSj rqylh ds la;ksx ls cuh vkS"kf/ ls mipkj gks Hkh jgk gSA eq[k jksx ds bykt esa rqylh vkSj gYnh dk vius vki esa ;g igyk ç;ksx gSA dSls gksrk gS bykt& çks- Vhih prqosZnh crkrs gSa fd mudh Vhe }kjk gYnh vkSj rqylh dh lw[kh ify;ksa dks ihldj ikmMj cuk;k tkrk gSA ikmMj dks fXyljhu esa feykdj eqag dh eklisf'k;ksa ij yxk;k tkrk gSA çks- prqosZnh ds lg;ksxh vflLVsaV çksiQslj MkW- vfnr crkrs gSa fd ihfM+r O;fDr dks bykt ds iwoZ xqV[kk NksM+uk iM+rk gSA

10 twu-2013

Medi Health June 2013.indd 10

04-06-2013 PM 10:12:05


Medi Health June 2013.indd 11

04-06-2013 PM 10:12:05


MHT

lekpkj lekpkj

,.M fjlpZ

xehZ dk Øks/k ,sls gksxk BaMk vk

;qosZn ds vuqlkj xzh"e esa lw;Z dh fdj.ksa /jrh ij lh/h iM+rh gSaA bl dkj.k lHkh tho&tarqvksa esa vfXu rRo dh vf/drk gks tkrh gSA lw;Z tM+h&cwfV;ksa ds jl dk 'kks"k.k dj mUgsa lq[kk nsrk gSA blh çdkj lw;Z euq";ksa esa Hkh jlkfn /krqvksa dk lsou djds vkst dh deh djrk gSA bl dkj.k 'kjhj dh jksx çfrjks/d 'kfDr detksj gks tkrh gSA ;gh dkj.k gS fd xfeZ;ksa esa vusd çdkj ds jksxksa ds gksus dh vk'kadk c<+ tkrh gSA xeZ rklhj okys inkFkksZ ls ijgst vke rkSj ij reke yksx ifjorZu gksus ij vius Hkkstu vkSj thou&'kSyh

esa ifjorZu ugha djrsA vk;qosZn ds vuqlkj çR;sd ds vuqlkj [kku&iku dk o.kZu fd;k x;k gS] ftls rqp;kZ dgk tkrk gSA vius ns'k esa reke yksx xehZ ds ekSle esa Hkh xeZ rklhj okys [kk| inkFkkZs dk lsou djrs gSaA blds vykok os pk;] dkWiQh] yky fepZ] vpkj] [kVkbZ] rys gq, [kk| inkFkZ] ekl] efnjk o rckdw dk lsou Hkh djrs gSaA bu inkFkkZs dks xzg.k djus ls gekjs 'kjhj esa fiy nks"k dh o`f} gksrh gSA bl dkj.k vusd çdkj ds Ropk lc/h jksx&tSls nkn] [kkt] [kqtyh] ,fXtek] dhy eqgkls vkfn& mRiUu gks tkrs gSaA

Mj dj Hkkxsxk Mk;fj;k LVse lsy Fksjsih nsus yxh 'k esa cPpksa dh e`R;q dk ,d çeq[k dkj.k Mk;fj;k thounku ns uked jksx gSA o;Ldksa dh rqyuk esa cPpksa dks Mk;fj;k dh f'kdk;r dgha T;knk gksrh gS] ij dqN ltxrk,a cjrdj blls fp cpk tk ldrk gS-jksx dk Lo:i 24 ?kVs ds vanj rhu ls vf/d irys nLr gksus dks Mk;fj;k dgrs gSA Mk;fj;k vkrksa esa lØe.k ds dkj.k gksrk gSA lØe.k ds dkj.k vkrsa lwt tkrh gSa vkSj muesa ls ikuh ljh[ks æo dk fjlko gksrk gSA ;g æo tc ey ds lkFk ckgj vkrk gS] rks nLr gksrs gSA ;g lØe.k okbjl] cSDVhfj;k ;k vU; ijthoh rRoksa (iSjklkbV~l) ds }kjk ;k buls mRiUu VkWfDlu (fo"kkä inkFkZ) }kjk mRiUu gks ldrk gSA tc Mk;fj;k fo"kkä [kk| inkFkZ dh otg ls gksrk gS] rks mls iQwM IokWbtfux dgrs gSaA ;fn Mk;fj;k xzLr cPps dh vkrksa ls vR;f/d ikuh ljh[kk æo fudys vkSj og cPpk ml ek=k ds vuqlkj rjy inkFkZ u ys lds] rks mlds 'kjhj esa ikuh dh deh gks tkrh gS] ftls MhgkbMªs'ku dgrs gSA

fdRlk ds f{kfrt ij mHkjh LVse lsy dh äzkfr vc esfMdy gc rd igqap pqdh gSA esjB esa vc rd nks ntZu ejhtksa esa LVse lsy Fksjsih dk liQy ç;ksx fd;k tk pqdk gSA jä dSalj ls ysdj ckyksa ds bykt rd esa Fksjsih dkjxj lkfcr gqbZ gSA esfMdy dkyst esa tsusfVd ySc cukus laca/h ,d çLrko 'kklu esa yafcr gSA D;k gS LVse lsy Fksjsih LVse lsy ekuo 'kjhj ds dqN Årdksa esa vfodflr voLFkk esa iM+h jgrh gSA bu dksf'kdkvksa esa iw.kZ foLFkkiu] uohuhdj.k ,oa 'kjhj ds {kfrxzLr Årdksa dks fiQj ls cukus dh {kerk gksrh gSA cksueSjks ,oa xHkZuky esa ,sls Årdksa dh Hkjekj ikbZ tkrh gSA ubZ fpfdRlk esa vc dkMZ cSafdax ds ek/;e ls LVse dks lSdM=ksa o"kZ ds fy, lajf{kr fd;k tk jgk gSA ;g ifjokj dh dbZ ihf<+;ksa ds bykt esa l{ke gSA ,d LVse lsy ls 220 çdkj ds Årdksa dk iquthZou fd;k tk ldrk gSA eqacbZ Hkstrs gSa tfVy æO;% LVse lsy ls fdlh Hkh çdkj dk Ård cuk;k tk ldrk gSA cksu eSjks ls 120 feyhyhVj æO; inkFkZ ,d fo'ks"k lqbZ ls fudkydj LVse lsy cukus ds fy, mls eqacbZ fLFkr ,d ySc esa Hkstk tkrk gSA ikp fnuksa esa LVse lsy cudj vk tkrh gSA bls chekj dksf'kdkvksa esa jksfir djus ij u, Ård ejht dks iwjh rjg Bhd dj nsrs gSaA cPpksa ds xHkZuky dk jä &176 fMxzh ds rkieku ij ikp lkS o"kksZ rd lajf{kr fd;k tk ldrk gSA esfMdy dkyst ds çkpk;Z MkW fou; vxzoky us crk;k fd LVse lsy ij fjlpZ ds fy, esfMdy dkyst esa tsusfVd ySc ds fy, 'kklu ds ikl çLrko Hkstk x;k Fkk] fdarq lalk/uksa dh deh dh otg ls vey ugha fd;k tk ldk gSA LVse lsy lajf{kr dj ifjokj ds fdlh Hkh lnL; ds vax [kjkc gksus ij mls u, fljs ls fodflr fd;k tk ldrk gSA

12 twu-2013

Medi Health June 2013.indd 12

04-06-2013 PM 10:12:10


Medi Health June 2013.indd 13

04-06-2013 PM 10:12:11


MHT

Mk0 doj gsYFkdh

LVks ds ckr ;jjh

Dr. M.C. Verma M.D. (ALT. MED.) New Delhi

nks fxykl ikuh ihdj otu dks vklkuh ls daVªksy esa dj ldrs gSa

[kkus ls igys nks fxykl ikuh

'k

ks/kdrkZvksa dk dguk gS fd vxj O;fDr çfrfnu Hkkstu ls vk/s ?kaVs igys de ls de nks fxykl ikuh ds lsou ls <kbZ fdyks rd otu de gks ldrk gSA otu de djuk gS rks vkidks de dSyksjh okyh vkSj de phuh okys is; inkFkZ ysus pkfg,A ;g rks vkidks irk gh gksxk fd ikuh LokLF; ds fy, cgqr gh iQk;nsean gksrk gSA ;g LokLF; ls ysdj lkSan;Z rd ds fy, lcls vPNk xq.kdkjh nok gSA ysfdu D;k vkidks irk gS fd vki fu;fer [kkuk [kkus ls igys nks fxykl ikuh ihdj otu dks vklkuh ls daVªksy esa dj ldrs gSaA vxj vki viuk otu de djuk pkgrs gSa rks ,ls esa gYds xquxqus ikuh dk Hkh lsou dj ldrs gSaA ;g

vkids ,DLVªk iQSV dks de djrk gSA vDlj yksx otu de djus ds fy, MkbV pkVZ esa cnyko ykrs gSa vkSj fte vkfn dk lgkjk ysrs gSaA vki pkgsa rks NksVh&NksVh ckrksa dk /;ku j[kdj Hkh vius LokLF; dk /;ku j[k ldrs gSaA otu de djus dk ljy vkSj lLrk rjhdk gS& fu;fer nks fxykl gYds xquxqus ikuh dk lsou djukA 'kks/ksa esa Hkh ;s ckr lkfcr gks pqdh gS fd [kkus ls iwoZ nks fxykl ikuh ihus ls Hkw[k de gks tkrh gS vkSj fiQj vki [kkus esa de dSyksjht dk lsou djrs gSaA

14 twu-2013

Medi Health June 2013.indd 14

04-06-2013 PM 10:12:13


LVks ckrjh

MHT

Mk0 doj dh

gj Qy esa jgrs gSa ikSf"Vd inkFkZ

ç

Dr. Deepika Malik (Diet Expert), Gurgaon

frfnu iQy [kkus ls dbZ chekfj;ksa ds gksus dh vk'kadk de gksrh gS ;g ,slk LuSd gS ftls dHkh Hkh [kk;k tk ldrk gSA vkt vkidks crk jgs gSa fdl iQy esa dkSu&dkSu ls ikSf"Vd rRo ik, tkrs gSavke blesa foVkfeu lh vkSj bZ] iksVSf'k;e vkSj vk;ju ik;k tkrk gSA ;g 'kjhj dks rqjar ,uthZ nsrk gS- blesa ik, tkus okys rRo vka[kksa ds fy, iQk;nsean gksrs gSa- ;g ,aVhvkDlhMsaV dk vPNk lzksr gSA lsc MkWDVjksa ds eqrkfcd jkst ,d lsc [kkus ls ikpu fØ;k Bhd jgrk gSA blesa dkiQh ek=k esa foVkfeu gksrs gSaA bl [kkus ls dksyksu dSalj] çksLVsaV] iQisQM+ksa dk dSalj vkSj dksysLVªksy c<us dk [krjk de djrk gSA

vkywcq[kkjk ;g ehBk vkSj twl ls ifjiw.kZ iQy gksrk gSA blesa foVkfeu lh çpqj ek=k esa ik;k tkrk gSA ;g dSalj çfrjks/h gksrk gSA blds fu;fer bLrseky ls fny dh chekjh dks nwj j[kk tk ldrk gSA iihrk blesa ,aVh vkDlhMsaV] [kfut inkFkZ vkSj iQkbcj çpqj ek=k esa ik;k tkrk gSA ;g isV ds fy, csgn iQk;nsean gksrk gSrjcwt xfeZ;ksa ds nkSjku bls [kkus esa t:j 'kkfey djsaA blesa dksysLVªky ugha gksrkA ;g vka[kksa ds fy, Hkh mi;ksxh gksrk gSA dsyk ;g fMçs'ku] ,uhfe;k] gkbZ CyM çs'kj vkSj dCt esa ykHkdkjh gSA bls [kkus ls iQkSju rkdr feyrh gSA ;g vkids ewM dks Hkh vPNk cuk, j[krk gSA twu-2013 15

Medi Health June 2013.indd 15

04-06-2013 PM 10:12:14


MHT

Mk0 gsYFkdh

ds ckr ;j

Dr. Suman Bijlani

Director at Gyneguide (Mumbai)

ga

lrs gq,] [kkalrs gq,] Vgyrs gq, lhf<;ka p<+rs gq,] Nhadrs oDr ;k mdM+w cSBus ij ew=k vius vki vk tkrk gS

16 tw ebZu--2013 2013

Medi Health June 2013.indd 16

04-06-2013 PM 10:12:14


ds ckr ;j

MHT

Mk0 gsYFkdh

--- tc u gks ik, daVªksy lq

uus esa vthc yxrk gS ij bl leL;k ls xzflr efgykvksa dks galrs gq,] [kkalrs gq,] Vgyrs gq, lhf<;ka p<+rs gq,] Nhadrs oDr ;k mdM+w cSBus ij ew=k vius vki vk tkrk gSA bldh f'kdkj efgyk,a ;k rks thou dky ds e/; esa ;k fiQj cq<+kis esa gksrh gSA ;g chekjh v/sM+ ;k o`+f} efgykvksa ds fy, Hkkjh ijs'kkuh dk dkj.k cu ldrh gSA D;ksa gksrk gS ,slk bl chekjh dk laca/ vkWjxu çksysIl (ftlesa xHkkZ'k; 'kjhj ls ckgj vk tkrk gS mlds lkFk ;ksfu dk dqN Hkkx Hkh ckgj vk tkrk gS) ;k ew=k'k; fudkl vojks/ ls gks ldrk gSA jtksfuo`fÙk ds ckn bLVªkstu gkeksZu dh deh ls Hkh ;g gks ldrk gSA fliQZ blds y{k.k ls gh ugha iwjh dsl fgLVªh vkSj 'kkjhfjd tkap Hkh bldh igpku ds fy, vko';d gSA 'kkjhfjd tkap ds mijkUr ew=k dh tkap] lksuksxzkiQh vkSj is'kkc djus ds ckn tks ew=k'k; esa jg tk, ml ew=k dh ek=k dh tkap Hkh vko';d gksrh gSA vkWijs'ku fu?kkZfjr djus ls igys ,aMksLdksfid fu?kkZj.k o ;wjksMk;usfed tkap t:j djkuh pkfg,A bl leL;k dks xaHkhjrk ls ysuk pkfg,A bls esfMdy Hkkx esa ,l;wvkbZ Hkh dgrs gSaA bldk bykt ijaijkxr vkSj 'kY; fpfdRlk nksuksa fof/;ksa }kjk fd;k tkrk gSA ijaijkxr bykt le; vuqlkj mRltZu] ;ksfu}kj dk O;k;ke] ew=k'k; ds ruko dks de djus ds fy, vkS"kf/ nsdj] Jks.kh çns'k míhiu ;kfu isfYod iQyksj LVheqys'ku ds :i esa fd;k tkrk gSA vktdy cktkj esa Mk;ij Hkh miyC/ gS ftlls ejht dk ew=k iSM ij

gh vk tkrk gS vkSj mls 'kfeaZnxh ugha mBkuh iM+rh gSA ysfdu vxj ;g leL;k xaHkhj gks rks 'kY; fpfdRlk gh bldk vafre mipkj gSA 'kY; fpfdRldh; fodYiksa ds rgr ysçksLdksi }kjk lLisa'ku vkWijs'ku] dksyikslLisa'ku] I;wcksostkbuy fLyax vkSj rukoeqDr ;ksfu Vsi (Vsa'ku ÝzQh ostkbuy Vsi VhohVh) dh enn yh tkrh gSA u;k bykt ,l;wvkbZ ds vf/drj ekeyksa ds fy, VhohVh bykt uohure 'kY; fpfdRldh; rduhd gSA bl 'kY; fpfdRlk ds fy, ejht dks fliQZ ,d fnu gh vLirky esa jguk iM+rk gSA bl ltZjh esa jä dk uqdlku Hkh cgqr de gksrk gSA bl çfØ;k esa ,d flaFksfVd Vsi dks vkscVwjsVj iQksjkesu ds jkLrs ls tka?kksa ds tksM+ dh rjQ ew=kekxZ ds uhps yxk fn;k tkrk gSA Vsi dks fcuk fdlh ruko ds e/; vkSj nwjLFk ew=kekxZ ds chp fLFkr dj fn;k tkrk gSA ;g çfØ;k vkerkSj ij lkekU; ;k yksdy ,uLFkhfl;k vkSj Likbuy ,ufLFkhfl;k esa Hkh dh tkrh gSA bl çfØ;k ls ew=kekxZ] ew=k'k; dks fdlh rjg dk uqdlku ugha gksrk gSA ;g rduhd lHkh mez ds vkSj otu dh efgykvksa esa dkjxj lkfcr gksrk gSA t:jr gS rks fliQZ ;g fd viuh chekjh dks u fNik,aA

twu-2013 17

Medi Health June 2013.indd 17

04-06-2013 PM 10:12:14


MHT

Mk0 dh

ckr

Dr. Rohit Garg

MBBS, MD (Neuropsychiatry) New Delhi

v

eweu fd'kksj fnu ds nks ls rhu ?kaVs Vhoh ds vkxs fcrkrs gSa] ftlls u fliQZ mudh ekufld fLFkfr ij dqรงHkko iMrk gS-----

18 twu-2013

Medi Health June 2013.indd 18

04-06-2013 PM 10:12:15


ds ckr ;j

MHT

Mk0 gsYFkdh

fpM+fpM+s gksus dh otg 'k

ks/k crkrs gSa fd 15 feuV [ksyus ds ckn vkidks vius Hkhrj ÅtkZ eglwl gksrh gS] ysfdu Vhoh egt vka[kksa esa tyu vkSj Fkdku dk vuqHko djkrk gSA veweu fd'kksj fnu ds nks ls rhu ?kaVs Vhoh ds vkxs fcrkrs gSa] ftlls u fliQZ mudh ekufld fLFkfr ij dqçHkko iMrk gS] cfYd mudk LokLF; Hkh cgqr çHkkfor gksrk gSA v/;;uksa ds vuqlkj] ehfM;k esa ftl rjg jä jaftr vkSj luluh[kst [kcjksa dk nkSj py fudyk gS] mldk Vhu,tlZ ij udkjkRed çHkko iM+ jgk gSA fiNys nks n'kdksa esa fd'kksj mez ds yM+ds&yM+fd;ksa ij gq, v/;;u crkrs gSa fd Vhoh ij vkus okys fgald dk;ZØeksa dk mu ij bl rjg çHkko iM+rk gS& 1- ,sls dk;ZØeksa esa L=kh dks ges'kk fujhg HkqäHkksxh ds crkSj fn[kk;k tkrk gS- yM+fd;ksa ds eu esa Hk; iSnk gksrk gSA mUgsa yxrk gS fd muds bnZ&fxnZ dk lekt cgqr nwf"kr gS- muds eu esa lekt dh udkjkRed Nfo jp&cl tkrh gSA 2- dkZVwal Hkh fd'kksjksa dks fgald cuk jgs gSaA ,d vksj tgka mudh Hkk"kk&'kSyh xyr çHkko Mky jgh gS] ogha nwljh vksj LVaV fn[kkus okys dbZ /kjkokfgd vkSj muds djkekrh pfj=k cPpksa ij udkjkRed çHkko Mky jgs gSaA mUgsa yxrk gS fd os Hkh brus gh cy'kkyh vkSj rkdroj gks ldrs gSaA 3- v/;;u crkrs gSa fd T;knk Vhoh ns[kus okys cPpksa ds Ldwy çn'kZu vkSj mudh ;knnk'r {kerk ij Hkh udkjkRed çHkko iM+rk

gS- os fpM+fpM+s gks jgs gSa- Ldwy ds ckn cps le; esa iqLrdksa] 'kkjhfjd xfrfof/;ksa] laxhr] çxfr ds lkfUu/; esa ;k vU; jpukRed dk;ksZ esa [kpZ gksus okyk le; Vhoh ys jgk gSA 4- Vsyhfotu ,fMD'ku 'kh"kZd ls ,d eSxthu esa çdkf'kr ys[k ds vuqlkj] Vhoh n'kZdksa dks viuk vknh cuk ysrk gSA fjeksV esa fLop vkWiQ ds fodYi ds ckotwn yksxksa ij vuko';d pkSuYl cnyus dh [kCr lokj jgrh gSA 5- 'kks/ crkrs gSa fd 15 feuV [ksyus dsckn vkidks vius Hkhrj ÅtkZ eglwl gksrh gS] ysfdu Vhoh egt vka[kksa esa tyu vkSj Fkdku dk vuqHko djkrk gS- veweu fd'kksj fnu ds nks ls rhu ?kaVs Vhoh ds vkxs fcrkrs gSa] ftlls u fliQZ mudh ekufld fLFkfr ij

dqçHkko iMrk gS] cfYd mudk LokLF; Hkh cgqr çHkkfor gksrk gSA 6- v/;;uksa ds vuqlkj] ehfM;k esa ftl rjg jä jaftr vkSj luluh[kst [kcjksa dk nkSj py fudyk gS] mldk Vhu,tlZ ij udkjkRed çHkko iM+ jgk gSA le; ls iwoZ ifjiDo gks jgs gSamUgsa cM+h ls cM+h ?kVuk Hkh egt ,d [kcj yxrh gSA Vhoh mudh laosnu'khyrk [kRe dj jgk gSA 7- vdsys Vhoh ns[kuk T;knk gkfudkjd gS- cM+s gksrs cPps viuh lgt cqf} ds vuqlkj –';ksa dk vFkZ fudkyrs gSaA ekrk&firk lkFk cSBdj Vhoh ns[ksa] mUgsa phtksa dk eeZ le>k,a rks fd'kksjksa ds eu esa lgh lans'k tk ldrk gSA

twu-2013 19

Medi Health June 2013.indd 19

04-06-2013 PM 10:12:15


MHT

Mk0 gsYFkdh

ds ckr ;j

QwM ,ythZ ds f'kdkj cPps

iQw

Dr. Rajiva Kumar (Child Specialist) Muzaffarpur

M ,ythZ dh leL;k ;wa rks cPpksa esa vf/d gksrh gS ysfdu ;g fdlh Hkh mez esa gks ldrh gSA dqN lko/kfu;ka cjrdj vki bl leL;k ls cp ldrs gSaA

20 twu-2013

Medi Health June 2013.indd 20

04-06-2013 PM 10:12:29


D;k gS iQwM ,ythZ ,ythZ dk vFkZ 'kjhj ds dqN fo'ks"k rRoksa ds çfr vfr laosnu'khy çfrfØ;k gSA bUgsa ,ytZu dgrs gSaA tks yksx bu rRoksa ds çfr vfrlaosnu'khy gksrs gSa] muesa dbZ y{k.k utj vkrs gSaA lkekU; rkSj ij gekjh jksxçfrjks/d {kerk gkfudkjd inkFkksZ tSls cSDVhfj;k] ok;jl vkSj fo"kkDr inkFkksZ ds çfr çfrçR;k djrh gSA dqN yksxksa esa jksxçfrjks/d {kerk mu inkFkksZ ds çfr Hkh çfrfØ;k djrh gS tks uqdlkunk;d ugha gSaA ,yftZd çfrfØ;k ds le; jksx çfrjks/d {kerk fyEiQkslkbV dks lfØ; dj nsrh gS ftls Vh lsy vkSj ch lsy dgrs gSaA Vh lsy vkSj ch lsy lkekU;r;k ,aVhc‚Mh cukrs gSaA tks ckgjh rRo (,ytZu) dks u"V dj nsrs gSa] ij ftUgsa iQwM ,ythZ gS] mu yksxksa esa 'kjhj fdlh

fo'ks"k inkFkZ ds çfr ,aVhckWMht bE;wuksXyksC;qfyu bZ vkSj ,d jlk;u fgLVkfeu cukrk gS ftl Ård esa budk mRltZu gksrk gSa] ogka ;g iQwM ,ythZ ds çfr fo'ks"k y{k.k fn[kkrs gSaA 'kjhj ij vlj iQwM ,ythZ ds çfr 'kjhj nks rjg ls çfrfØ;k djrk gSA iQwM ,ythZ vkSj vipA dbZ HkksT; inkFkZ ,sls gSa ftUgsa gekjk 'kjhj Lohdkj ugha dj ikrk tSls dqN yksx nw/ ih ysa rks mUgsa vip ;k Mk;fj;k dh leL;k gks tkrh gSA iQwM ,ythZ fdlh [kk| inkFkZ ds çfr 'kjhj dh çfrfØ;k gS] tks dkiQh xaHkhj gksrh gS vkSj dHkh&dHkh tkuysok HkhA dkj.k fdlh Hkh pht ls ,ythZ gks ldrh gS] ysfdu xsgaw] jkbZ] cktjk vkSj eNyh] vaMs] ewaxiQyh] lks;kchu nw/ ls cus

ds ckr ;j

MHT

Mk0 MkWgs-YFk dh

mRikn] lw[ks esos tSls dqN fo'ks"k [kk| inkFkksZ ls Hkh iQwM ,ythZ gks ldrh gSA rqjar irk pyrk gS iQwM ,ythZ ds y{k.k O;fDr fo'ks"k vkSj mlds 'kjhj dh fdlh [kk| inkFkZ ds çfr laosnu'khyrk ij fuHkZj djrs gSaA iQwM ,ythZ ds y{k.k [kkus ds nks ?kaVs ckn gh utj vkus yxrs gSaA lkekU; y{k.k lwtu vk tkuk] mYVh gksuk] Hkw[k u yxuk] nLr yxuk] eqag] xys] vka[kksa] Ropk vkSj 'kjhj ds nwljs fgLlksa esa [kqtyh gksukA isV nnZ vkSj isV esa ejksM+ gksuk] ukd cgukA cPpksa esa mez c<+us ds lkFk /hjs&/hjs ;g leL;k lekIr gks tkrh gSA

twu-2013 21

twu-2013 21

Medi Health June 2013.indd 21

04-06-2013 PM 10:12:29


MHT

doj gsYFk

LVks ds;jjh

,d djs jänku rhu dks feys thounku jänku gS egknku] jänku gS iwtk leku

j

ä ftanxh dk vk/j gSA gok uk feys rks balku ej t:j tkrk gS ysfdu vxj jä dk çokg vkSj cuus dh ç.kkyh dke djuk can dj ns rks balku dh ekSr vkSj Hkh nnZukd gksrh gSA ftanxh dk ;g vueksy jRu gj fdlh ds vanj Hkxoku us çokfgr fd;k gksrk gS ysfdu dHkh ,DlhMsaV rks dHkh fdlh chekjh dh pisV esa vkdj vDlj yksx [kwu dh deh dh otg ls ne rksM+ nsrs gSaA dbZ ckj ftanxh ds fn, fliQZ blfy, cq> tkrs gSa D;wafd mUgsa dqN yhVj [kwu ugha fey ikrkA ;g [kwu lLrk Hkh gS egaxk HkhA 'kjhj ds vanj Lor% gh curk gS ysfdu vxj fdlh dkj.k o"kZ bldh deh gks tkrh gS rks bldk eksy vueksy gks tkrk gSA 22 22ebZhtw -2013 u-2013

Medi Health June 2013.indd 22

04-06-2013 PM 10:12:30


,

jä dk dksbZ eksy ugha gksrk

d LoLFk balku ds fy, ;g ?kj dh [ksrh gksrh gS rks ftls t:jr gksrh gS og bls [kjhnus ds fy, eqagekaxh jde nsus dks rS;kj jgrk gSA ;wa rks jänku dksbZ Hkh LoLFk balku dj ldrk gS ysfdu dqN xzafFk;ksa dh otg ls yksx bl egknku ls drjkrs gSa- bu xzafFk;ksa esa jänku ls 'kjhj detksj gks tkrk gS vkSj ml jä (Blood) dh HkjikbZ gksus esa dkiQh le; yx tkrk gS tSlh ckr 'kkfey gS- bruk gh ugha ;g xyriQgeh Hkh O;kIr gS fd fu;fer [kwu nsus ls yksxksa dh jksxçfrdkjd {kerk de gks tkus ds dkj.k chekfj;ka tYnh tdM+ ysrh gSa- ,slh ekufldrk ds pyrs jänku yksxksa ds fy, gkSOok cu x;k gS ftldk uke lqudj gh yksx flgj mBrs gSaA ,slh gh Hkzkafr;ksa dks nwj djus ds fy, gh fo'o LokLF; laxBu (World Health Organisation) us bl vk;kstu dh uhao j[kh] rkfd yksx jänku (Blood Donation) ds egRo dks le> t:jreanksa dh lgk;rk djsA FkSyhlhfe;k (Thalassemia) ,d ,slh chekjh gS ftlds pyrs ,d fuf'kpr vof/k ds ckn [kwu cnyokus

23 ebZh-2013

Medi Health June 2013.indd 23

LVks ds;jjh

MHT

doj gsYFk

dh vko';drk iM+rh gS] ;g vof/ ejht dh vk;q ij vk/kfjr gksrh gSA tSls&tSls vk;q cM+rh tkrh gS] ;g vof/ de gksus yxrh gS- blh ckr ls ;g vanktk yxk;k tk ldrk gS fd FkSyhlhfe;k ls xzflr jksfx;ksa dks gekjs vkSj vkids }kjk nku fd, x, jä dh fdruh t:jr gSA LoSfPNd jänku dks cM+kok nsus ds fy, fo'ko LokLF; laxBu (World Health Organisation) us o"kZ 1997 ls 14 twu dks fo'ko jänku fnol (World Blood Donation Day) ds :i esa eukus dh ?kks"k.kk dhA bl eqfge ds ihNs edln fo'oHkj esa jänku dh vgfe;r dks le>kuk FkkA ysfdu vkt Hkh fo'o ds yxHkx gj txg jä dh deh gS- gj vLirky esa dbZ yksx jä dh deh dh otg ls ne rksM+ nsrs gSaA tkx:drk dk uk gksuk bldh lcls cM+h otg gSA Hkkjr esa vkt Hkh ,d Hkh dsaæh; jä cSad (Centralised Blood Bank) dh LFkkiuk ugha gks ikbZ gS] ftlds ek/;e ls iwjs ns'k esa dgha ij Hkh [kwu dh t:jr dks iwjk fd;k tk ldsA VsDuksykWth esa

gq, fodkl ds ckn futh rkSj ij osclkbV~l (ebsites) ds ek/;e ls CyM cSad o LoSfPNd jä nkrkvksa dh lwph dks cukus dk dk;Z vkjaHk gqvkA Hkys gh blls FkksM+h cgqr liQyrk t:j feyh gks ysfdu larks"k tud gkykr vHkh Hkh ugha cu ik, gSaA rks vkb, vkt fo'o jänku fnol ds ekSds ij ftruk gks lds lekt esa ;g tkx:drk iQSyk,a fd jä nku ls detksjh ugha vkrh cfYd fdlh dh ftanxh cpkbZ tk ldrh gS vkSj ,d ugha rhu&rhu ftanxhA dkSu dj ldrk gS jänku jänku ds lEcU/ esa fpfdRlk foKku dgrk gS fd og O;fDr ftldh mez 16 ls 60 lky ds chp vkSj otu 45 fdyksxzke ls vf/d gks] ftls ,pvkbZoh (HIV)] gSfiVkbfVl (Hepatitis B,C) tSlh chekjh u gqbZ gks] og jänku dj ldrk gSA ,d ckj esa tks 350 feyhxzke jä fn;k tkrk gS] mldh iwfrZ 'kjhj esa dqN gh fnuksa ds vUnj gks tkrh gS vkSj xq.koÙkk dh iwfrZ 21 fnuksa ds Hkhrj gks tkrh gS- nwljs] tks O;fDr fu;fer jänku djrs gSa mUgsa ân; lEcU/h chekfj;ka de ijs'kku djrh gSaA

twu-2013 23

04-06-2013 PM 10:12:32


MHT

doj gsYFk

LVks ds;jjh

jä nku

tSlk egknku dksbZ ugha D

;k vkius dHkh jänku fd;k gS \ 'kk;n ;g loky vkidks fdlh çdkj dh my>u esa Mky nsA jänku uk djus ds dbZ dkj.k gks ldrs gSa A vkius dHkh bldh vko';drk ugha le>hA vkidks yxrk gS fd jä nku lqjf{kr ugha gSA jänku djus ls O;fDr detksj gks tkrk gSA vxj vki bu ckrksa ds Mj ls jänku ugha djuk pkgrs] rks gekjs ikl bldk lek/ku gSA 'kk;n vki bl rF; dks ugha tkurs fd jänku ds nkSjku gekjs 'kjhj ls ftruh ek=k esa jä fy;k tkrk gS] jä] dh

mruh ek=k 24 ?kaVksa esa fiQjls cu tkrh gSA vxj vkidks ;g yxrk gS fd jänku lqjf{kr ugha gS] rks Hkh vki xyr gSa D;ksafd jänku cgqr gh lqjf{kr çfØ;k ds lkFk fd;k tkrk gSA MCyw ,p vks (fo'o LokLF; laxBu) us 14 twu dks mu yk[kksa yksxksa ij lefiZr fd;k gS tks jänku dj nwljksa dk thou cpkrs gSaA vkids jä dh dqN cwansa fdlh dh tku cpk ldrh gS] Hkyk blls vf/kd xoZ dh ckr vkids fy, D;k gks ldrh gSA çfr o”kZ vLirkyksa esa jä dh c<+rh vko’;drk dh iwfrZ us jä nku dks vko';d cuk fn;k gS A gky esa gq, 'kks/ksa ls irk pyk gS fd 80 ns'kksa esa ls yxHkx 79 fodkl'khy

ns’kksa us jä nku esa Hkkx fy;k gS A bl o”kZ ds oSf’od vfHk;ku dk fo”k; gS] ;qok jänkrk dk ukjk gS ^U;w CyM iQkj n oMZ*Abldk vfHk;ku dk /;s; gS vk'kkoknh vkSj ÅtkZ ls Hkjs ;qok viuh bPNk ls jänku djsa A D;ksa djsa jänku % jänku dsUæksa esa vHkh Hkh vks vkSj ch çdkj ds jä dh deh gSA jänku ls 'kkjhfjd {kerk ij dksbZ çHkko ugha iM+rkA jänku ds nkSjku /;ku j[ksa fd jä fudkyus ds fy, ftl lwbZ vkSj cSx dk bLrseky fd;k tk jgk gS] oks fliQZ ,d ckj bLrseky esa ykbZ tk;sA

24 24ebZ twuh-2013 ebZ-2013

Medi Health June 2013.indd 24

04-06-2013 PM 10:12:34


LVks ds;jjh

MHT

doj gsYFk

fo’o jänku fnol j

ä dh efgek lHkh tkurs gSa- jä ls vkidh ftanxh rks pyrh gh gS lkFk gh fdrus vU; ds thou dks Hkh cpk;k tk ldrk gS- Hkkjr esa vHkh Hkh cgqr ls yksx ;g le>rs gSa fd jänku ls ‘kjhj detksj gks tkrk gSA ;gk¡ Hkze bl dnj iQSyk gqvk gS fd yksx jänku dk uke lqudj gh flgj mBrs gSaA Hkyk crkb, D;k blls i;kZIr ek=k esa jä dh miyC/rk lqfuf'pr dh tk ldrh gS\ vkt CyM cSadksa esa dbZ i'ksoj MksulZ tc&rc jä csprs gSaA reke 'kjkch] MªfxLV viuh yr dh Hkw[k feVkus ds fy, FkkM+s ls iSls dh [kkfrj dbZ&dbZ ckj jä csprs gSaA

uesa ls vf/dka'k xaHkhj jksxksa ls Hkh xzLr gksrs gSA vc ,slk jä fdlh dks pM+k fn;k tk, rks LokHkkfod gS fd og cpus dh ctk; csekSr ekjk tk,xkA ysfdu gksrk ,slk gh gSA vkt fo'o jänku fnol gSA tkx#d yksxksa dks bl fn'kk esa lkspuk gksxk fd dSls ns'k dh vf/dka'k vkcknh dks jänku dh efgek le>kbZ tk, rkfd os oä&gkykr dks le> ldsa vkSj tc Hkh t:jr gks bl ijksidkjh d`R; ls ihNs uk gVsaA vke tu dks ;g irk gksuk pkfg, fd euq"; ds 'kjhj esa jä cuus dh çfØ;k ges'kk pyrh jgrh gS vkSj jänku ls dksbZ

Hkh uqdlku ugha gksrk cfYd ;g rks cgqr gh dY;k.kdkjh dk;Z gS ftls tc Hkh volj feys laiUu djuk gh pkfg,A 14 twu dks fo'o jänku fnol ?kksf"kr fd;k x;k gSA tkxj.k taD'ku ds lHkh ikBdksa dks Hkh bl miy{; esa vius fopkj lkeus ykdj tutkx#drk esa ;ksxnku djuk pkfg, rkfd jänku ds ihNs iQSys viQokgksa dks nwj dj lPpkbZ lkeus yk;h tk ldsA

twu-2013 25

Medi Health June 2013.indd 25

04-06-2013 PM 10:12:35


MHT

doj gsYFk

LVks ds;jjh

cusa ! nwljksa ds

thou dh eqLdku [kw

u ds fj'krs dks nqfu;k dk lcls vVwV ca/u ekuk tkrk gS vkSj viuh jxksa esa cgrs [kwu ds pan drjs nku djds vki ,sls vutkus yksxksa ls Hkh [kwu dk fj'krk tksM+ ldrs gSa] tks t:jr ds oä vkils feys bl rksgiQs ds ne ij u;k thou ikdj mez Hkj vkids izk.kh jgsaxsA ^jänku* dks ^egknku* dgk x;k gS] ysfdu vkt Hkh cM+h la[;k esa yksxksa dh ekSr le; ij [kwu u feyus ds dkj.k gks jgh gSA cgqr ls yksx jänku ds egRo dks le>rs gSa vkSj vc rd 111 ckj jänku dj pqds egkjk"Vª ds pkyhlxkao fuoklh

nhid 'kqDyk ,sls yksxksa esa vxz.kh gSaA mUgksaus us=knku vkSj vaxnku dk Hkh ladYi fy;k gSA vius vuqHko dks nhid bu iafä;ksa esa O;fDr djrs gSa & ^thrs&thrs jänku] ejrs&ejrs us=knkuA gekjs 'kjhj esa jä cuus dh fØ;k Hkh dkiQh jkspd gSA jä] 'osr jä d.k] yky jä d.k] IykTek vkSj IysVysV~l ls feydj cus jä esa yky jä d.k 'kjhj ds gj Hkkx esa vkWDlhtu igqapkus dk dke djrs gSa] 'osr jä d.k jksx çfrjks/kd gksrs gSa rks IysVysV~l dk dke gksrk gS cgrs jä dks jksdukA dHkh pksV yxus ij [kwu cgrk gS vkSj IysVysV~l

gh mls cgus ls jksdus dk dke djrs gSaA gj fnu gekjs 'kjhj ds cksu eSjks (vfLFkeTtk) esa jä dksf'kdkvksa dk fuekZ.k gksrk jgrk gSA vkerkSj ij euq"; ds 'kjhj esa ikap ls Ng yhVj jDr ekStwn gksrk gSA ysfdu fdlh dkj.ko"kZ bldh deh gksus ij bldh iwfrZ djuk vko';d gks tkrk gSA gj O;fDr dk ,d [kkl CyM xzqi gksrk gS vkSj dksbZ Hkh 18 ls 60 o"kZ dk LoLFk O;fDr (efgyk ;k iq#”k) ftudk otu 45 fdyksxzke ;k mlls T;knk gks fdlh Hkh iath—r CyM cSad esa jänku dj ldrk gSA

26 26twu-2013 ebZ-2013

Medi Health June 2013.indd 26

04-06-2013 PM 10:12:37


vkerkSj ij nq?kZVukvksa esa ?kk;y gksus okys yksxksa] fdlh jksxh ds vkWijs'ku ds le; vkSj cPps ds tUe ds le; jDr p<+kus dh vko';drk iM+ tkrh gSA blds vykok FkSylhfe;k] ,uhfe;k] gheksfiQfy;k tSlh chekfj;ksa esa Hkh jä p<+kus dh vko';drk iM+rh gSA blh vko';drk dks /;ku esa j[krs gq, fo'o Hkj esa ^jsM ØkWl lkslk;Vh* ;k ^CyM cSad* dh O;oLFkk dh xbZA Hkkjr esa 7 twu 1920 dks ^bafM;u jsM ØkWl lkslk;Vh* dh LFkkiuk gqbZA is'ks ls ysDpjj nhid dgrs gSa] ^jä dk dksbZ fodYi ugha gS] ysfdu fiQj Hkh yksxksa dks CyM cSad dh ;kn t:jr iM+us ij gh vkrh

gSA T;knkrj yksx jänku ls drjkrs gSa] ysfdu og vkSj mudk ifjokj gj rhu eghus ij jänku t:j djrk gSA* bafM;u jsMØkWl lkslk;Vh dh fuZns'kd MkW- ouJh flag dgrh gSa] ^CyM cSad esa t:jr iM+us ij dksbZ Hkh vkdj jänku dj ldrk gS vkSj jä ys tk ldrk gSA yksxksa dks jänku ds çfr mRlkfgr djus ds fy, ge jänkrk dks ^okLrfod ghjks* ds :i esa çpkfjr djrs gSaA 14 twu dks fo'o jänkrk fnol ds ekSds ij ,d lIrkg dk fo'ks"k jänku vfHk;ku pyk;k tkrk gS vkSj bl nkSjku jänku ls tqM+s dbZ dk;ZØe vk;ksftr fd, tkrs gSaA*

LVks ds;jjh

MHT

doj gsYFk

fnYyh ds jke euksgj yksfg;k vLirky esa MkW- 'kehe vgen ds vuqlkj] ^jä p<+krs le; mldh 'kq/rk vkSj xzqi ds ckjs esa tkap djuk cgqr t:jh gSA [kkldj ,pvkbZoh tSlh chekfj;ka jä p<+us ds dkj.k u iQSys bldk [kkl [;ky j[kuk pkfg,A fdlh ds jä ds uewus dks ysus ds ckn mls gsisVkbfVl , vkSj lh] fliQfyl] ,pvkbZoh tSlh ikap rjg dh tkap çfØ;kvksa ls xqtkjk tkrk gSA tkap ifj.kke udkjkRed vkus ij gh ç;ksx ds fy, j[kk tkrk gSA* fo'o LokLF; laxBu us 14 twu dks jDr nkrkvksa ds çfr /kU;okn O;Dr djus dk fnu ?kksf”kr fd;k gSA twu-2013 27

Medi Health June 2013.indd 27

04-06-2013 PM 10:12:38


MHT

doj gsYFk

LVks ds;jjh

ekewyh CyM VsLV cpk,xk dSalj ds ejht dh tku

,

d ekewyh CyM VsLV dh enn ls MkWDVjksa dks irk py ldrk gS fd D;k Lru dSalj dh 'kq#vkrh voLFkk okys ejht dh ekSr dk [krjk vR;f/d gS ;k bykt ds ckn ;g chekjh nksckjk gks ldrh gSA ^n ySUlsV vksUdksykWth* tuZy esa ,d v/;;u ds gokys ls dgk x;k gS fd tc chekjh dh 'kq#vkrh voLFkk esa jä dk uewuk fy;k tk, rks Vîwej dksf'kdk,a fcYdqy Li"V crk nsrh gSa fd ejht dh thfor jgus dh laHkkouk fdruh gSA ;g tkudkjh feyus ds ckn MkWDVj ds fy, ;g irk djuk vklku gks ldrk gS fd ejht dks dheksFksjsih tSls vfrfjDr bykt ls iQk;nk gksxk vkSj fdruk iQk;nk gksxk vFkok ugha gksxkA

;wfuoflZVh vkWiQ VSDlkl ds ,eMh ,aMlZu dSalj lsaVj ds vuqla/kudrkZvksa us dgk ^jä esa ,d ;k vf/d ^ld#ysfVax dSalj lsYl* (lhVhlh*,l) dh ekStwnxh crk ldrh gS fd D;k chekjh dh tYn gh iqujko`fÙk gksxh vkSj cpus dh mEehn fdruh de gSA* mUgksaus dgk fd vf/d la[;k esa lhVhlh*,l feyus dk eryc ekSr dk [krjk vf/d gksrk gSA fiQygky lhVhlh,l CyM VsLV dk mi;ksx ejht ds bykt ;k mldh fLFkfr dk irk yxkus ds fy, ugha gksrk D;ksafd vke rkSj ij vc rd ekuk tkrk jgk gS fd dSalj ds Vîwej jä çokg ls ugha cfYd fyEiQSfVd flLVe ds tfj, iQSyrs gSaA v/;;u ny us ;g ijh{k.k mu 302 ejhtksa ij fd;k ftudk bl lsaVj esa iQjojh 2005 ls fnlacj

2010 rd bykt pyk FkkA bu ejhtksa esa Lru dSalj dh 'kq#vkr gks pqdh Fkh ysfdu ;g 'kjhj ds vU; Hkkxksa esa ugha iQSy ik;k FkkA bu ejhtksa dh dheksFksjsih ugha gqbZ FkhA v/;;u ny us ,d pkSFkkbZ yksxksa esa lhVhlh*,l ik;kA buesa ls ftu ejhtksa ds jä esa Vîwej dksf'kdk,a Fkha] muesa] lkr esa ls ,d ejht dks bykt ds ckn fiQj ls ;g chekjh gqbZA nl esa ls ,d ejht dh ijh{k.k vof/ esa ekSr gks xbZA blds myV] ftu ejhtksa ds CyM VsLV esa dksbZ lhVhlh*,l ugha ikbZ xbZa] muesa chekjh ds nksckjk gksus dh nj dsoy rhu iQhlnh vkSj e`R;q nj dsoy nks iQhlnh jghA

28 tw ebZu--2013 2013

Medi Health June 2013.indd 28

04-06-2013 PM 10:12:41


Medi Health June 2013.indd 29

04-06-2013 PM 10:12:42


MHT

gSgsYFk

ds;j

O;k;ke ds ckn u [kk,a bUgsa pht

çkslsLM

ehV czsM ÝwV fMªad dPph lfCt;ka vaMk

feYd 'ksDl

30 twu-2013

Medi Health June 2013.indd 30

04-06-2013 PM 10:12:42


vk

tdy dh O;Lr gks jgh ftanxh esa LoLFk jguk cgqr t:jh gSA ,ls esa gj dksbZ ;gh lykg nsrk gS fd ftruk gks lds jkstkuk O;k;ke djsaA blls ,DlVªk dSyksjh de gksrh gSA lgh rjhds ls O;k;ke djus ds ckjs esa gesa cgqr lkjs lq>ko rks fey gh tkrs gSa ysfdu O;k;ke ds ckn lcls T;knk t:jh gksrk lgh MkbV dks ysukA blds fcuk O;k;ke csdkj gSA lgh MkbV vkSj O;k;ke ds feJ.k ls gh vki LoLFk jg ldrs gSaA vDlj yksx O;k;ke djus ds ckn vutkus esa ,lh phtsa [kk ysrs gSa tks mUgsa ugha [kkuh pkfg,A blfy, tkfu, mu phtksa ds ckjs esa ftUgsa O;k;ke ds ckn [kkuk gS [krjukdA pht % mPp olk;qDr pht dks vki O;k;ke djrs oä [kkl dj fd nkSM+rs gq, rks fcYdqy Hkh u [kk,aA bldk dkj.k gS fd pht esa cgqr T;knk ek=k esa lSpqjsVsM iQSV ik;k tkrk gS vkSj blesa ued Hkh vf/d gksrk gSA blfy, ;g O;k;ke djrs oä vkSj mlds ckn fcYdqy Hkh u [kk,aA vxj vkidks [kkuk gh gS rks pht ¶ysoj okyk lks;k fpIl [kk,aA çkslsLM ehV % vkidks vxj ,jksfcDl djus ds ckn lykeh lSaMfop fey tk, rks D;k dguk ysfdu vR;f/d olk vkSj ued ls Hkjiwj ;k lykeh lSaMfop vkids Mkbts'ku dks Lyks djsxkA blfy, Lokn ckn esa igys LokLF; gS blfy, bls fcYdqy utjvankt djsaA czsM % cszM lcls dkWeu feyus okyk iQwM gS tks ge lc ds ?kjksa esa fÝQt esa feyrh gh gSA czsM esa LVkpZ gksrk gS tks 'kqxj esa rqjar cny Hkh tkrk gSA

LVks ds;jjh

MHT

doj gsYFk

O;k;ke ds ckn vkids 'kjhj dks ftu iks"kd rRoksa dh vko';drk gksrh gS oks czsM esa ugha gksrsA blfy, lknh eSns ls cuh czsM dh txg pkgsa rks xsagw ls cuh czkmu czsM dk bLrseky uk'rs esa djsaA ÝwzQV fMªad % cktkj esa vktdy rjg& rjg ds ÝwzQV fMªaDl feyrs gSaA ftuesa 'kqxj dh ek=k T;knk gksrh gSaA bl otg ls 'kjhj esa CyM 'kqxj dk Lrj c<+ tkrk gSA ÝwV fMªaDl dh txg vki lknk ikuh ih,a ;k vxj dqN vyx ihuk pkgrs gSa rks gcZy Vh ih,aA ;g nksuksa ÝwV fMªaDl ls T;knk iQk;nk igqapk,axs 'kjhj dksA feYd 'ksDl % feYd 'ksDl dh txg Lewnh lgh jgsxh D;ksafd vxj feYd 'ksDl iQyksa ds lkFk cuk;k tkrk gS rks mlesa 'kqxj dh ek=k T;knk gksxhA bldh txg vki cknke okyk nw/ ;k fiQj pkgsa rks xzhu Vh ih,aA dPph lfCt;ka % dPph lfCt;ka oSls rks gekjs fy, cgqr iQk;nsean gksrh gSa ysfdu os rqjar gekjs 'kjhj dks ÅtkZ çnku ugha djrhaA O;k;ke ds ckn ,lk dqN [kkuk pkfg, tks elYl dks fjdoj djsa ;kuh gekjs 'kjhj dks ÅtkZ çnku djsaA blds fy, ngh tSlk gkbZ çksVhu MkbV ysaA vaMk % O;k;ke djus ds ckn vaMk [kkuk LokLF;o/kZd gS D;ksafd ;g çksVhu ls Hkjk gksrk gSA ysfdu bls rydj u [kk,a D;ksafd blls iQSV T;knk gks tk,xk tks lsgr ds fy, vPNk ugha gSA blfy, vaMk ges'kk mcky dj [kk,a ;g T;knk ykHknk;d gksrk gSA

tw ebZu--2013 2013 31

Medi Health June 2013.indd 31

04-06-2013 PM 10:12:44


MHT

gsYFk

ds;j

deky gS

es

js [;ky ls tc Hkxoku us balku dks cuk;k gksxk rc mlus nksuksa esa ek=k laosnuk dk gh varj j[kk gksxk ysfdu tc balku [kqn Hkxoku ds le{k [kMk gksus dh fgEer djus yxk rks mlus vius vkSj tkuoj ds varj dks Hkh feVk fn;k- vkt dk balku tkuoj ls Hkh cqjk gks x;k gS- balkfu;r vkSj laosnuk dk tSls mlls dkslksa nwj dk fj'rk gks x;k gksA tc ge fdlh yM+dh ls ckr djrs gSa rks dgrs gSa fd gekjs lhus esa fny gS] mlesa laos-

nuk gS ysfdu ogh ân; vkSj laosnuk rc dgka pyh tkrh gS tc dksbZ vkneh lM+d ij ej jgk gkA bl ckr ls ,d ckr rks tkfgj gksrh gS fd dHkh u dHkh tkuoj gekjs iwoZt jgs gksaxs fnYyh dh lM+d ij nks fnu igys ,d 14 lky dh eklwe yM+dh dks ,d Vªd okys us VDdj ekj nh vkSj VDdj ls yM+dh dk ikao ml Vªd ds ifg, ds uhps vk x;k- yM+dh nnZ vkSj ihM+k ls ph[krh gqbZ csgks'k gks xbZ] ikl gh [kMk mldk firk

D;k ge balku gSa---

cslq/k gks dj vklikl xqtjus okys okguksa ls enn ekaxus yxk] dbZ xkfM+;ka xqtjrh xbZa] dbZ #ds Hkh rks ek=k rek'kk ns[k pyrs cus] yksxksa dh cs#[kh dk vatke ;g gqvk fd yM+dh us ?kVukLFky ij gh ne rksM+ fn;k- ,d 14 lky dh eklwe yMdh] ftldk liuk Fkk MkWDVj cuus dk] og yksxksa dh cs#[kh ls VwV x;k- mldk t[eh firk fxjrk&iM+rk okguksa dks jksdrk jgk ysfdu laosnughu yksxksa ds fny esa tjk Hkh n;k ;k nnZ u gqvk- dqN nsj ckn ,d Hkys balku us balkfu;r fn[kkrs gq, yM+dh dks vLirky igqapk;k ysfdu rc rd og ej pqdh Fkh;g ek=k ,d ?kVuk ugha gS cfYd lkspus dh otg ;s gS fd D;k okdbZ ge balku dgykus ds dkfcy gSa- vkSj gSa rks fdl gd ls- ge esa ls gj dksbZ Hkxoku ls dHkh&dHkh ,slk ekSdk t#j ekaxrk gS tc og viuh balkfu;r fn[kk lds] Hkxoku og ekSdk nsrk Hkh gS ysfdu bl dfBu ?kM+h ij vPNs&vPNksa ds gkSlys tokc ns tkrs gSa vkSj dbZ ckj rks balkfu;r Hkh Hkqyk nh tkrh gSA ,slk fliQZ lM+d gknlksa esa ugha gksrk cfYd dbZ ckj yksx lM+dks ij fxjs xjhc dks rks iwNrs Hkh ugha- ,d csgks'k iM+s xjhc dks lHkh ;gh lksprs gSa fd blus 'kjkc ih gksxh rHkh VYyh gksdj iM+k gS A

lkyk fdruh gh ckj jsM ykbV ij geus ns[kk gS fd ,d eka vius csgn NksVs cPps dks NksM+ lM+d ij dke dj jgh gksrh gS] bl [krjsa ls vutku fd u tkus dc og cPpk lM+d ij mrj tk, vkSj xkM+h okys mls mldh ltk ns tk,a- jkLrs ij fny ngykus okys ,sls gknls eSaus rks vkt rd ugha ns[kk gS ysfdu muds ckjs esa lkspdj gh fny bruk flgj tkrk gS fd cl mlds ckjs esa fy[ks fcuk vkRek ekurh gh ugha Hkxoku u djsa ,slk dqN gekjs lkFk gks tk, rks D;k ge fdlh ls enn dh mEehn dj ldrs gSa Hkyk,slk okd;k igyh ckj ugha gS] dqN fnu igys dh gh ckr gS fnYyh ds nfj;kxat bykds esa ,d L=kh cPps dks tUe nsus ds i'pkr ej xbZ ysfdu mldh enn fdlh us ugha dhmlds ikl gh mldk uotkr cPpk jksrk jgk ysfdu ?kaVks ckn ogka ls xqtjus okys ,d yM+dh dh gh balkfu;r tkxhA ,slk ugha gS fd gekjs vanj balkfu;r ej xbZ gS cfYd lp rks ;g gS fd vkt ge erych vkSj LokFkhZ gks x, gSa- vkt lkslk;Vh esa vxy cxy jgus okyksa dks ,d&nwljs dh [kcj ugha jgrh rks Hkyk nwljksa ls mudk D;k okLrk jgsxkA

32 twu-2013

Medi Health June 2013.indd 32

04-06-2013 PM 10:12:45


--

ds;j

MHT

gsYFk

cPpksa dks cSM Vp ls cpkus dh ,d ubZ igy!!! t

gka vc rd dsoy efgyk,a gh nfjanksa dk f'kdkj cuk djrh Fkha ogha vc fo—r ekufldrk ds yksxksa us NksVs&NksVs vkSj eklwe cPpksa ij viuh gol mrkjuh 'kq: dj nh gS- og eupkgs rjhds ls mudk 'kks"k.k djrs gSa ysfdu cPps cspkjs tks vius lkFk gks jgh mu ^xanh* gjdrksa dks le> Hkh ugha ikrs og mudk fojks/k djus dh ctk; pqipki vius fdlh ifjfpr ;k djhch ds bl O;ogkj dks lgu fd, tkrs gSaA gkykafd vc v/;kidksa vkSj vfHkHkkodksa }kjk cPpksa dks xqM VpvkSj cSM Vp ds Hkhrj dk iQdZ le>k;k tkus yxk gS ysfdu lp ;gh gS fd dgha uk dgha FkksM+h cgqr fgpd eglwl gksus ds dkj.k vkSj cPpksa dh le> ds fodflr uk gks ikus dh otg ls uk rks vfHkHkkod vius cPpksa dks lgh tkudkjh ns ikrs gSa vkSj uk gh Ldwyh f'k{kd Hkh viuk nkf;Ro lgh çdkj ls fuHkk ikrs gSa] ftldh otg ls cPpksa ds çfr gksus okys ;kSu vijk/ksa esa mYys[kuh; deh ugha gks ik jgh gS- ogha nwljh vksj cky Je] muds lkFk nqoZ~;ogkj tSlh ?kVukvksa esa Hkh dVkSrh ugha gks ik jgh gSA dqN ;wa chrh igyh jkr fj;fyVh 'kks dk fj;y psgjk dkiQh [kkSiQukd gS ,sls gkykrksa ls fuiVus ds fy, Lisu esa fo'ks"k rkSj ij cPpksa ds fy, ,sls gksfMaZXl yxk, x, gSa ftlds Hkhrj dk lans'k vkSj rLohjsa fliQZ cPpksa dks gh utj vk,axh- ogha vxj dksbZ o;Ld mu gksfMaZXl dks ns[ksxk rks mUgsa dqN vyx gh fn[kkbZ nsxk- bl gksfMaZx dk lcls cM+k iQk;nk ;g gS fd os yksx tks cky

Medi Health June 2013.indd 33

;kSu vijk/k esa lafyIr jgrs gSa mUgsa bu gksfMaZXl esa ,slk dqN utj ugha vk,xk ftlls fd oks lko/ku gks tk,aA cgqr I;kj djrk Fkk eSa viuh csVh ls ij oks…… mYys[kuh; gS fd Lisu esa txg&txg yxs bu gksfMaZXl ds }kjk ;g crkus dh dksf'k'k dh xbZ gS fd eqlhcr ds le; cPps D;k djsa vkSj dgka dkWy djsaA bu gksfMaZXl dh lcls cM+h [kkfl;r ;g gS fd fn, x, iQksu uacj fliQZ cPpksa dks gh utj vk,axs vkSj cPpksa ij tqYe <kus okyksa dks bl ckr dk irk rd ugha pysxk- gka] vxj dksbZ o;Ld ftldk dn de gksxk og t:j bu lHkh xqIr ckrksa ls ifjfpr gks tk,xk D;ksafd ,d fuf'pr dn (tksfd veweu cPpksa dk gh gksrk gS) ds yksxksa dks gh og lHkh lwpuk,a utj vk,axh ftls nsuk bu gksfMaZXl cukus okyksa dk mís'; gS- ysfdu vxj vki ?kqVuksa ds cy cSBdj mu gksfMaZXl dh rjiQ ns[ksaxs rks vkidks le> vk,xkA ifr&iRuh ds chp tc vkus yxs rqEgkjk ifjokj&esjk ifjokj ysafVdqyj fçafVax dh fof/ dbZ n'kdksa ls ekStwn gS vkSj bldk bLrseky [kkldj cPpksa ds fy, cuk, tkus okys ,fuesVsM LVhdlZ esa gksrk gS- bu LVhdlZ dks cPpksa ds yap ckWDl] LVs'kujh vkSj vU; lkeku esa vklkuh ls ns[kk tk ldrk gSA ysfdu bl rduhd esa gky esa vkbZ rCnhfy;ksa ds ckn vc bls Fkzh Mh biQsDV iSnk djus esa Hkh bLrseky fd;k tk ldrk gS vkSj blds fy, p'es dh Hkh t:jr ugha gSA cPpksa dks ;kSu fgalk ls cpkus ds mik;

mYys[kuh; gS fd ;g iksLVj ysafVdqyj fof/ dks viukdj cuk, x, gSa tks vHkh rd fliQZ cPpksa ds mi;ksx esa vkus okys yap ckWDl] LVs'kujh vkSj LVhdlZ esa gh ç;ksx dh tkrh FkhA 3Mh rduhd dk ç;ksx rks oSls Hkh cgqr iqjkuk gS cl blesa [kkl ckr ;g gS fd bu iksLVj dks ns[kus ds fy, vkidks fdlh çdkj ds p'es iguus dh t:jr ugha gSLisu vdsyk ,slk ns'k ugha gS tgka cPpksa ds çfr vijk/ksa esa o`f} gks jgh gS- cfYd bl Js.kh esa Hkkjr cgqr igys gh viuk uke ntZ djok pqdk gS- iQdZ cl bruk gS fd ge vHkh Hkh mlh ijaijkxr <jsZ ij py jgs gSa ftldk iQk;nk gesa de gh ns[kus dks fey jgk gSA lp rks ;g gS fd vxj ge dksbZ Hkh rjhdk viuk ysa ysfdu ,sls gkykrksa esa deh uk ns[k ikus ds dkj.k dh xyrh gekjh O;oLFkk dh ugha cfYd ikfjokfjd vkSj 'kSf{kd <kapksa dh Hkh gSA vady us esjs lkFk xanh gjdr dh mYys[kuh; gS fd ifjokj okys cPpksa dks le>k rks nsrs gSa fd fdls cSM Vp dgrs gSa ysfdu tc dksbZ ?kj dk vkneh ,slk djrk gS rks og ifjokj dh bTtr ds uke ij pqIih lk/k ysrs gSa- ogha Ldwyksa esa Hkh tc dksbZ f'k{kd ;k dksbZ vf/dkjh ,slk djrk gS rks Ldwy ds uke ij cêk uk yxs blhfy, ekeys dks jiQk&niQk gh djuk csgrj le>k tkrk gS;gka vfrfFk;ksa dk lEeku ugha cykRdkj gksrk gS !! ;g gekjs lekt dh ,d dM+oh gdhdr gS ftldk [kkfe;ktk eklwe dks Hkqxruk iM+rk gS vkSj ge 'kksj rc epkrs gSa tc gkykr dkcw ls ckgj gks tkrs gSaA twu-2013 33

04-06-2013 PM 10:12:46


MHT

doj gsYFk

LVks ds;jjh

}} lsDl ugha rks

rykd ns nsrs gSa

,s

iq#"k

lk ekuk tkrk gS fd laca/ksa ds ekeys esa iq#"k FkksM+s T;knk gh vla;fer vkSj 'kkjhfjd laca/ksa ds çfr vkdf"kZr jgrs gSa ftldh otg ls og fdlh Hkh laca/k] fo'ks"kdj çse laca/ksa] esa LFkkf;Ro çkIr djus esa vliQy jgrs gSa- mudk ;g LoHkko muds çse laca/ksa vkSj çsfedk dks rks çHkkfor djrk gh gS ysfdu ;g rc vkSj T;knk fparuh; cu tkrk gS tc ckr fookfgr laca/ksa dh gksrh gS- muds O;ogkj vkSj iRuh dh HkkoukRed vis{kkvksa dks iwjk uk dj ikus ds dkj.k dbZ ckj rykd rd dh ukScr vk tkrh gS- gkykafd bl ckr esa Hkh dksbZ nks jk; ugha gS fd dbZ ckj Lo;a efgykvksa ds dkj.k nkaiR; thou esa njkj vkus yxrh gSblds vykok LoHkko dh otg ls lkeatL; uk cSBk ikus ds dkj.k Hkh gkyr fcxM+us yxrs gSaFamous Restaurants in Delhi: vjs okg eqag esa ikuh vk tk,xk [kSj otg pkgs tks Hkh gks ysfdu tc ifr&iRuh rykd ysdj ,d&nwljs ls vyx gks tkrs gSa rks tgka ,d vksj iRuh dks vius laca/k dh ;kn lrkrh gS ogha ifr Hkh mUgsa [kwc ;kn djrs gSa- Hkys gh og HkkoukRed gksdj uk lgh ysfdu fiQj Hkh cgqr ls ,sls dkj.k gSa tks mUgsa viuh ,Dl&okbiQ dks ;kn djus ds fy, etcwj dj nsrs gSaPlaces to eat in Delhi: csgrjhu [kkus 34 twu-2013

Medi Health June 2013.indd 34

dk x<+ Hkh gS fnYyh 1- iq#"kksa dks vius cPpksa ls cgqr I;kj gksrk gS- vxj mudh iRuh muds cPpksa dk lgh rjhds ls [;ky j[krh gS rks og Hkys gh iRuh ds rkSj ij uk lgh ysfdu eka ds :i esa mudh cgqr bTtr djrs gSa- og ;g dHkh ugha Hkwyrs fd mudh iRuh ,d vPNh eka Fkh- gkykafd og ;g Hkh dg ldrs gSa fd rqEgkjh otg ls ÞcPps fcYdqy fcxM+ x, gSa! dgha vki Hkh rks /hjs&/hjs ugha pyrs\ 2- rykd ds ckn iq#"k ,slk ekurs gSa fd vkius muls dHkh I;kj ugha fd;k] vki muds çfr dHkh Hkh vkdf"kZr ugha jgha] tcfd mUgksaus vkils ges'kk I;kj fd;k gS] vki pkgs tSlh Hkh fn[ksa] mUgsa vki ges'kk gh [kwclwjr utj vkrh gSaD;k vki vius CokW;ÝsaM dh ckr dk tokc ,l,e,l ls nsrh gSa\ 3- iq#"kksa ds fy, Hkkoukvksa ls T;knk mudk ikS#"kRo egRo j[krk gS- tc 'kkjhfjd

laca/ksa ds çfr efgykvksa dh fnypLih lekIr gks tkrh gS rks mUgsa ;g mudh Hkkoukvksa dks ugha cfYd mUgsa yxrk gS blls mudk ikS#"kRo lekIr gksrk tk jgk gS vkSj muds fy, ;g fpark dk fo"k; cu tkrk gS4- rykd ds ckn tc vki vkfFkZd rkSj ij vlgk; iM+ tkrh gSa rks ;dhu ekfu, ;g iq#"kksa dks cgqr ilan vkrk gS- mUgsa yxrk gS fd blls vkidks bl ckr dk ,glkl gksxk fd og fdruh esgur ls /u vftZr djds ykrs Fks vkSj vki mUgsa mM+krh FkhaA xqLlk uk djus ds Hkh uqdlku cgqr gSa 5- rykd ds ckn iq#"k dgrs rks gSa fd oks vc igys ls T;knk [kq'k gSa ysfdu lp rks ;g gS fd og vkids u, lkFkh ls bruh tyu j[krs gSa fd mUgsa vkids lkFk ns[k Hkh ugha ikrs-

04-06-2013 PM 10:12:47


Lo

LFk jgus ds fy, eu dk lkiQ gksuk cgqr t:jh gSA vxj vkids eu esa udkjkRed fopkj]bZ";kZ]tyu ;k Øks/k tSls Hkko jgrs gSa rks vki LoLFk ugha jg ldrsA blfy, vkidks vius eu ij xkSj djuk gksxk vkSj viuh Hkkoukvksa dks lgh djuk gksxkA eu dks j[ksa vPNk T;knkrj yksx lksprs gSa fd vPNk Hkkstu djus ls LoLFk jgk tk ldrk gS]ij ;g iwjh rjg ls lgh ckr ugha gSA vki pkgsa fdruh Hkh gsYnh Hkkstu djsa]ij ;fn vkids eu esa cqjs fopkj py jgs gSa rks vki dHkh LoLFk ugha jg ldrsA vkius vius vkl&ikl ऎls dbZ yksx ns[ks gksaxs]tks [kwc [kkrs&ihrs gSa],Dljlkbt djrs gSa]'kjhj dk iwjk [k;ky j[krs gSa ij os gsYnh ugha jg ikrsA bldk dkj.k gS fd os eu dks vPNk ugha j[k ikrs vkSj iw.kZ LoLFk ugha cu ikrsA

LVks ds;jjh

MHT

doj gsYFk

eu paxk rks gSYFk Hkh jgsxh eLr

eu dks j[ksa 'kkar 'kjhj dks LoLFk j[kuk gS rks igys eu dks LoLFk j[kuk t:jh gSA lcls igys vkidks vius eu dks lkiQ djuk gksxkA ,dkar esa cSBdj euu djsaxs rks irk yxsxk fd vkids eu esa gj iy udkjkRed fopkj pyrs jgrs gSaA dHkh nwljksa ds çfr xqLlk] dHkh Hksn] dHkh bZ";kZ--- bu dkj.kksa ls eu dHkh Hkh 'kjhj dks LoLFk ugha jgus nsrkA eu dks lkiQ j[kus ds fy, vkidks 'kkar jgus dh dyk fodflr djuh gksxhA eu dks 'kkar j[ksa] nwljksa ds çfr çse j[ksaA gj O;fDr dks leku nf"V ls ns[ksaA dHkh fdlh ls Hksn u j[ksaA NksVs&NksVs nq[kksa ds dkj.k lsgr [kjkc u djsaA blds ckn vki tks Hkh [kk,axs] og vkids 'kjhj dks iks"k.k nsxkA blds vHkko esa dHkh Hkh vki gsYnh ugha jg ldrsA thou esa LoLFk eu gksuk t:jh gSA

[kq'kh ls >wers jgsa ,sls yksxksa ls u feysa]tks vkidk eu [kjkc djrs gksaA ,lh ifjfLFkfr;ksa ls ges'kk nwj jgus dk ç;kl djsa]tks vkids eu dks ijs'kku djrh gksaA vkidks viuh Hkkoukvksa dks fueZy j[kus dk ç;kl djuk pkfg,A eu dks LoLFk j[kus ij vkidks 'kjhj dks LoLFk j[kus dk tru Hkh ugha djuk iM+sxk vkSj vki ges'kk f[kys&f[kys jgsaxsA eu esa lnk fopkj pyrs jgrs gSaA bu fopkjksa ij yxke yxkb,][kqn ds ckjs esa fparu dhft,A vkidks feyh fu;kerksa ds ckjs esa fopkj dhft,A bu lc phtksa ls vki [kq'kh ls >we mBsaxs vkSj LoLFk jg ik,axsA vxj vkius eu dh [kq'kh ik yh rks 'kjhj paxk gks tk,xkA eu dks ekjdj thus ls vkidk 'kjhj ges'kk nq[k&nnZ ls ijs'kku jgsxkA blfy, eu dks çQqfYyr j[ksa vkSj ns[ksa fd 'kjhj fdruk LoLFk gks x;k gSA twu-2013 35

Medi Health June 2013.indd 35

04-06-2013 PM 10:12:48


MHT

ok

gsYFk

vk

ds;j

tc vki gksa Fkdku ls ijs ' kku!!!

tdy dh Hkkxrh nkSM+rh ftUnxh esa oks pht tks vkidk lkFk dHkh ugha NksM+rh] oks gS FkdkuA ,slh dbZ ckrsa gSa tks vki vkerkSj ij viuh jkstejkZ dh thou 'kSyh esa utjvnkat dj nsrsa gSa] ogh vkidh bl ijs'kkuh dk eq[; dkj.k gks ldrha gSA fgUnqLrku VkbEl esa dk;Zxr vuqiek

tks'kh dks vdlj Fkdku dh f'kdk;r jgrh gS] os fnu Hkj dke dj ds tc dk;kZy; ls ykSVrha gSa rks ?kj dk dke djus esa mudks cgqr ijs'kkuh gksrh gSA ,sls dbZa vkSj yksx Hkh gSa] ftuesa mez ds lkFk Fkdku ds dkj.kksa esa Hkh cnyko vkrk gSA uhan uk vkuk] pDdj vkuk] midkbZ vkuk] lj&nnZ jguk] tksM+ksa esa nnZ gksuk vkSj ,slh dbZ

leL;k,ยก gSa] tks Fkdku ls tqM+h gqbZ gSaA vkb;s tkusa Fkdku vkSj raรฆk ds dqN dkj.k tks vkidks fujarj cspSu vkSj O;kdqy j[krs gSaA dqN lkekU; ls fVIlq viukdj vki bu dkj.kksa ls yM+ dj ,d LoLFk vkSj vkuane; thou O;rhr dj ldrs gSaA dkj.k 1% uhan uk vkuk

36 twu-2013

Medi Health June 2013.indd 36

04-06-2013 PM 10:12:50


gsYFk

dkj.k 1% uhan uk vkuk de uhan vkuk Hkys gh vidks lkekU; yxs] ij bldk ,d udkjkRed igyw gS] tks vkidh ,dkxzrk vkSj LokLF; dks çHkkfor djrk gSA O;Ldksa ds fy;s lkekU; :i ls 7 ls 8 ?kaVs dh uhan vko';d gSA lq>ko% uhan dks çkFkfedrk nsa vkSj le; ij lksus vkSj tkxus dk fu;e cuk ysaA ySiVkSi] eksckbZy iQksu vkSj vkfiQl dh iQkbZyksa dks vius csM:e ls nwj j[ksaA vxj fiQj Hkh vki cspkSuh eglwl djrs gSa] rks MkDVjh lykg ysa D;ksafd ,sls esa vkidks balksesfu;k gks ldrk gSA dkj.k 2% de [kku&iku i;kZIr ek=k esa vkgkj dh iwfrZ uk gksus ij Hkh Fkdku gksrh gSA vf/d ek=k esa tad iQwM ds lsou ls Hkh ,slh leL;k gks ldrh gSA larqfyr vkgkj [kkus ls CyM 'kqxj lkekU; jgrk gS vkSj blls lqLrh Hkh [kre gks tkrh gSA foegkal vLirky ds lkbZdkysftLV MkDVj iqfYdr 'kekZ ds vuqlkj] 90% efgykvksa esa bZfVax fMlkMZj ns[kk x;k gS vkSj muds [kku&iku ds rjhdksa esa xEHkhj xM+cM+h gksrh gS! [kku&iku esa bl çdkj dh ykijokgh vdlj Fkdku vkSj cspSuh dks tUe nsrh gS blfy;s [kkl rkSj ij efgykvksa dks [kku&iku ds rjhdks ij /;ku nsuk pkfg,A

lq>ko% lqcg dk uk'rk t:j djs] çksVhu vkSj dkcZ~l dks vius vkgkj dk fgLlk cuk;saA mnkg.k ds rkSj ij vki lqcg uk'rs esa VksLV ds lkFk vUMs ys ldrs gSaA /;ku j[ksa ds fnu Hkj vki dqN u dqN LuSDl [kkrs jgsaA dkj.k 3% ,uhfe;k ,uhfe;k efgykvksa esa Fkdku dk ,d çeq[k dkj.k gSA ekfld /eZ ds nkSjku gksus okyh jä gkfu ls vdlj efgykvksa esa vkbju dh deh gks tkrh gS tks muds fy;s gkfudkjd gksrh gSA lq>ko% vk;ju dh deh gksus ij vk;ju lIyhesaVl ysuk vkSj vk;ju ;qä [kk|&inkFkZ ysuk gh ykHknk;d gS: tSls yhu ehV] fyoj] 'ksYk&fiQ'k] iQfy;ka vkSj nkysa & dkj.k 4% volkn (fMçs'ku) vkerkSj ij fMçs'ku dks ,d HkkokukRed ;k ekufld fodkj ds :i esa ns[kk tkrk gSA ij fMçs'ku 'kkjhfjd leL;kvksa dk Hkh ,d çeq[k dkj.k cu ldrk gSA MkDVj iqfYdr 'kekZ ds vuqlkj] volkn dbZ cM+h leL;kvksa dk eq[; dkj.k gS tSls yxkrkj vPNk eglwl uk gksuk] Hkw[k esa ifjorZu] uhUn esa ifjorZu gksuk! lq>ko% fMçs'ku ds bykt ds fy;s vius euksfpfdRld ls lEidZ djsaA

ds;j

MHT

ok

dkj.k 5% vf/d ek=k esa dSiQhu dk lsou dSiQhu dh dqN ek=k lrdZrk vkSj ,dkxzrk ds fy, vPNh gS] ij bldk vf/ kd ek=k esa lsou dbZa chekfj;ksa dh tM+ cu ldrk gSA 'kks/k ds ladsrksa ls ;g Hkh irk pyrk gS fd dSiQhu dh vf/d ek=k dqN yksxksa esa Fkdku dk çeq[k dkj.k cuh gSA lq>ko% /hjs&/hjs dkQh] pkdysV] pk;] lkWiQV&fMªaDle dk lsou de djsaA ,dne ls bldh jksd ij Hkh vkidks Fkdku eglwl gks ldrh gSA vxj vkidks FkksM+h cgqr Fkdku gksrh gS] rks mls fdlh fcekjh ls u tksM+saA bldks vki O;k;ke ls nwj dj ldrs gSaA Fkdku nwj djus dk ,dh vklku rjhdk gS O;k;keA ;fn vki O;k;ke dks viuh thou 'kSyh dk fgLlk cukrs gS] rks vki ,d LoLFk] rukoeqDr vkSj Fkdku jfgr thou dk vkuan mBk ldrs gSaA MkDVj iqfYdr 'kekZ dk dguk gSa fd;nh vki viuh Fkdku ds dkj.kksa dh igpku Bhd çdkj ls dj ldsaxs rks vki viuh dbZa LokLFk leL;k;vksa ls tYn gh NqVdkjk ik ldrs gSaA

twu-2013 37

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04-06-2013 PM 10:12:51


MHT

gsYFk

ds;j

cPps Hkh gSa iFkjh ls ijs'kku!!! vk

t iFkjh tSlh leL;k vf/d mez okyksa esa gh ugha] cfYd cPpksa esa Hkh gksus yxh gSA ;s ckr lquus esa 'kk;n vthc yxs ij cPpksa esa iFkjh gksuk dksbZ pkSdkus okyh ckr ughaA iFkjh fdlh Hkh mez esa gks ldrh gSA iFkjh ds dkj.k cPpksa esa nnZ dh f'kdk;r gks ldrh gS] ;wfju ds çokg esa fdlh çdkj dh :dkoV vk ldrh gS vkSj vxj bldk bykt le; ij ugha gqvk rks ;g nh?kZdkfyd xqnsZ dh leL;kvksa dk dkj.k Hkh cu ldrh gSA cPpksa vkSj o`}ksa esa ew=k'k; dh iFkjh ds vf/d dslst ik;s x;s gSa] tcdh o;Ldksa esa xqnksaZ dh iFkjh ds vf/d dslst ik;s x;s gSaA xqnsZ esa iFkjh ds y{k.k % isV ;k ihB esa nnZ ;wfju esa jä ;wfju ckj&ckj vkuk gkykfd dbZ cPpksa esa ;s y{k.k ugha Hkh

fn[krs gSa] ysfdu vYVªklkmaM dh enn ls iFkjh dk irk yxk;k tk ldrk gSA ,slk Hkh ns[kk x;k gS] fd xqnsZ esa iFkjh ds y{k.k CySMj bUiQsD'ku tSls gh gksrs gSa] blfy;s vius MkDVj dh lyg ij pysa vkSj dqN tkap }kjk bu y{k.kksa ds dkj.kksa dk irk yxk;saA xqnsZ esa iFkjh ds eq[; dkj.k% cPpks esa xqnsZ dh iFkjh ds fodkl ds dbZ dkj.k gks ldrs gSa tSls& vuqokaf'kd dkj.k% vxj fdlh cPps dks vius thoudky esa igys dHkh iFkjh dh ijs'kkuh jgh gS rks ,sls esa iFkjh ds iqu% fodkl dh laHkkouk vf/kd jgrh gSA gkykafd dqN lko/kfu;ka cjrdj bu tfVyrkvksa ls cpk tk ldrk gSA i;kZIr ikuh u ihuk% cPps ds ikuh ihus dh ek=k lh/s ;wfju dh ek=k dks çHkkfor djrh gSA de ikuh ihus dk eryc gS fd fdMfu;k¡ de ;wfju cuk,axh] tks fd iFkjh

ds fodflr gksus dk çeq[k dkj.k gksrk gSA vf/d ek=k esa ikuh dk lsou fdMuh esa tek iFkfj;ksa dks fudkyus esa enn djrk gSA dhVkstsfud vkgkj% oks vkgkj ftl esa dkcksZgkbMªsV~l de ek=k esa gksa] mls dhVkstsfud vkgkj dgrs gSa] tks fd xqnsZ esa iFkjh dk ,d eq[; dkj.k gSA ;wfjujh VªSd ,cukesZfyVh% tUe ls gh xqnsZ] CySMj ;k ;wjsVlZ esa vlekurk,¡ xqnsZ esa iFkjh ds [krjs dks c<+k ldrh gSaA ftu cPpksa esa xqnsZ dh iFkjh dh f'kdk;r jgrh gS] muesa Hkfo"; esa Hkh iFkjh gks ldrh gSA ysfdu dqN lko/kfu;ka viukdj blls cpk tk ldrk gSA tSls le;&le; ij jä vkSj ;wfju dh tkap djkrs jgsa] T;knk ls T;knk is; dk lsou djsa vkSj vius MkDVj dh lyg ij pysaA

38 tw ebZu--2013 2013

Medi Health June 2013.indd 38

04-06-2013 PM 10:12:53


â

n; LokLF; ds fo"k; esa laiw.kZ tkudkjh bdëh dj vki uk dsoy Lo;a dks ân; dh chekfj;ksa ls cpk ldrs gSa cfYd vius ifjokj dh lqj{kk Hkh dj ldrs gSaA gekjs 'kjhj dk lcls egRoiw.kZ Hkkx gS gekjk ân; vkSj blfy, ân; dh ns[kHkky Hkh cgqr vko';ld gks tkrh gSA vki pkgs fdlh Hkh ukSdjh is'ks esa gks LokLF; ds fo"k; esa tkudkjh gksuk vkidk çFke drZO; gksuk pkfg,A 'kk;n vki ugha tkurs fd vkidk laiw.kZ LokLF; vkids ân; LokLF; ij gh fuHkZj djrk gS vkSj ;gka rd fd gekjk thoupØ Hkh fliQZ rHkh rd pyrk gS] tcrd fd gekjk ân; xfr djrk gSA ân; LokLF; ds fo"k; esa /;ku nsus ;ksX; ,d egrRoiw.kZ ckr ;g Hkh gS fd vkids jä pki dk Lrj Bhd gksuk pfg,A vxj vkidks mPp jä pki tSlh dksbZ leL;k gS rks vkiesa ân; ls laca/h leL;k,a gksus dh lEHkkouk c<+ tkrh gSA

mPp jäpki dks dSls djsa fu;af=r

psd vi djkus ls fdlh Hkh çdkj dh Cykdst dk irk yx tkrk gS A MkDVj diwj ds vuqlkj gekjh vkt dh fu"Øh; thou'kSyh ds dkj.k iq:"kksa esa 45 o"kZ dh mez ds ckn vkSj efgykvksa dks 55 dh mez ds ckn fny dk nkSjk iM+us dh lEHkkouk c<+ tkrh gSA vxj vkidk jä pki fu;af=kr ugha jgrk rks vkidks le;&le; ij psdvi djrs jguk pkfg,A ued ysa de% MkDVj diwj ds vuqlkj CyM çs'kj ds c<+us dk lcls cM+k dkj.k gS] vf/d ek=k esa ued dk lsou] ftlls fd ân; dh leL;k,a gksus dk [krjk c<+ tkrk gSA vxj vki le; jgrs vius [kku&iku ij /;ku nsaxs rks vkxs tkdj vkidks fdlh çdkj dh leL;k ugha vk;sxhA dkysLVªky ds Lrj ij fu;a=k.k ,sls vkgkj ysa ftuls 'kjhj esa dkysLVªky dk Lrj fu;af=kr jgs D;ksafd dkysLVªky dk Lrj ân; LokLF; dks çHkkfor djrk gSA lsc vkSj larjs tSls iQy] I;kt] czksdksyh tSlh lfCt;ksa vkSj eNyh dk lsou djsaA vkfiQl esa D;k djsa% psd vi esa nsjh D;ksa% ekSykuk vktkn esMhdy dkyst ds esnkark esMhflVh ds dkfMZ;ksykftLV çksQslj MkDVj Mh ds rustk ds vuqlkj MkDVj jtuh'k diwj ds vuqlkj vPNs çfrfnu O;k;ke djuk ân; LokLF; ds fy, LokLF; ds fy, jsxqyj psdvi cgqr gh vPNk gksrk gSA vkfiQl esa fyiQV dk ç;ksx vko';d gSA le;&le; ij bZlhth vkSj djus ds ctk; lhf<+;ksa dk ç;ksx djsaA

LoLFk ân; ds fy, dqN vko';d ckrksa ij /;ku t:j nsa%

Medi Health June 2013.indd 39

ds;j

MHT

gsYFk

FkksM+k de djsa xqLlk ân; ds ejhtksa ds fy, xqLlk tkuysok gks ldrk gSA ruko nwj djus dk gj laHko ç;kl djsa] vki esMhVs'ku vkSj ;ksxk dk Hkh lgkjk ys ldrs gSaA MkDVj rustk ds vuqlkj xqLlk djus ls CyM çs'kj vkSj ruko c<+rk gSA fo'ks"kKksa dk ekuuk gS fd ân;?kkr ds 90 çfr'kr dsl ruko ds dkj.k gksrs gSaA eknd inkFkksaZ dks D;ksa dgsa uk MkDVj rustk dk ekuuk gS fd cgqr vf/d ek=k esa eknd inkFkksaZ ds lsou ls CYM çs'kj c<+ tkrk gS] ftlls vkxs tkdj otu c<+rk gS vkSj fny dk nkSjk iM+us dh laHkkouk Hkh c<+ tkrh gS A vxj vki vius 'kjhj ds çdkj ds ckjs esa ugha tkurs gSa rks MkDVj diwj ds vuqlkj vius 'kjhj ds y{k.kksa dks tkuus dh dksf'k'k djsa % vkids CyM çs'kj dk Lrj D;k gS vkids dkysLVªky dk D;k Lrj gS fdl çdkj ds vkgkj vkids xqLls ds Lrj dks c<+krs gSa ân; LokLF; ds fo"k; esa viuk ikfjokfjd bfrgkl tkusa vius 'kjhj ij FkksM+k /;ku nsdj vki dbZ leL;kvksa ls cp ldrs gSaA

twu-2013 39

04-06-2013 PM 10:12:54


MHT

gsYFk

vk

ds;j

vkFkZjkbfVl ls fpfdRlk

FkZjkbfVl tSlh fcekjh dks lkekU;r% cqtqxksaZ dh fcekjh ekuk tkrk Fkk] ysfdu vkt bl fcekjh dh la[;k cPpksa esa Hkh fnuksafnu c<+rh tk jgh gSA ;g fodkj tksM+ksa vkSj ekal isf'k;ksa dks çHkkfor djrk gSA nnZ og y{k.k gS] tks 'kjhj esa fdlh leL;k ds gksus dh iqf"V djrk gSA ,sls esa ejht ds iSjksa esa vkSj gfì;ksa ds tksM+ksa esa rst nnZ gksrk gS ftlls pyus fiQjus esa Hkh rdyhiQ gks ldrh gSA dqN çdkj ds vkFkZjkbfVl esa 'kjhj ds fofHkUu vax Hkh çHkkfor gksrs gSa] ,sls esa nnZ ds lkFk nwljh leL;k,a Hkh gks ldrh gSaA bl fcekjh ds lkekU; y{k.k gSa% tksM+ksa esa nnZ] lwtu vkSj tksM+ksa dks eksM+us esa vleFkZrk gksukA vkFkZjkbfVl ls cpko% vkFkZjkbfVl O;fDr ds tksM+ksa] vkarfjd

vax vkSj Ropk dks uqdlku igqapk ldrk gSA ;g fcekjh vkthou jgus okyh gS] ysfdu vius 'kjhj esa dqN cnyko ykdj vki vkFkZjkbfVl ds rhoz nnZ dks de dj ldrs gSa% viuk otu de j[ksa D;ksafd T;knk otu ls vkids ?kqVus rFkk dwYgksa ij ncko iM+rk gSA dljr rFkk tksM+ksa dks fgykus ls Hkh vkidks enn feysxhA tksM+ksa dks fgykus esa vki MkDVj ;k ulZ Hkh vkidh enn dj ldrs gSaA le;&le; ij viuh nok ysrs jgsaA buls nnZ vkSj vdM+u esa jkgr feysxhA lqcg xje ikuh ls ugk,aA MkDVj ls le;&le; ij feyrs jgsaA vkFkksZuksok vLirky ds vkFkksZisfMd ltZu MkDVj /kuUt; xqIrk ds vuqlkj

vkFkZjkbfVl ds ejht dks viuh thou'kSyh esa cnyko ykuk pkfg,A çfrfnu lkekU; O;k;ke djuk pkfg, ysfdu nnZ ds le; O;k;ke fcydqy ugha djuk pkfg,A vkFkZjkbfVl ls cpus dk lcls vklku mik; gS] nnZ dks fu;af=kr djus dk gj laHko ç;kl djukA nnZ dks fu;af=kr djus ds fy, LoLFk vkgkj ysa vkSj fu;fer :i ls O;k;ke djsaA rst nnZ gksus ij fpfdRld dh lykg vuqlkj nok ysaA /;ku nsus ;ksX; ckrsa% [kkuk [kkus ls igys gkFk t:j /kks;saA ikuh mcky dj gh ih;saA [kku&iku dk fo'ks"k [;ky j[ksaA fliQZ FkksM+h lh lko/uh vkSj vkidk LokLiQ"k gksxk vkidh eqëh esaA

40 twu-2013

Medi Health June 2013.indd 40

04-06-2013 PM 10:12:54


ds;j

MHT

gsYFk

/kwi ls lqj{kk ds u;s fu;e

l

uLØhu inkFkZ vkSj lkexzh Ropk dh ijkcSaxuh fofdj.k ls j{kk djrs gSaA ;s yks'ku] Øhe] tSy] Lçs vkSj eyge ds :i esa miyC/k gS tks Ropk ij yxk;s tk ldrs gSaA bl lwph esa ukd vkSj iydksa ds fy,] /kwi dk p'ek] ueh cuk;s j[kus ds fy, Øhe dk bLreky] dqN çdkj ds lwjt laj{k.k diM+s vkSj fQYe LØhu tks dkjksa dh f[kM+fd;ksa] dejs] vkSj dk;kZy;ksa ij yxk;k tk ldrk gS 'kkfey gSaA twu-2013 41

Medi Health June 2013.indd 41

04-06-2013 PM 10:12:55


MHT

gsYFk

ds;j

tks yksx luLØhu dk mi;ksx dqN le; ds fy, djrs gS mudks mlds lapkyu fu;e] mi;ksx fd ek=k vkSj tc vki /wi esa ckgj fudyrs gSa] fdrus ckj mldk bLrseky fd;k tkuk pkfg;s] blds ckjs esa tkudkjh j[kuh pkfg;s gSaA oSKkfud v/;u ds vuqlkj] luLØhu ds mi;ksx dh j.kuhfr;ksa ds Kku ds v|ru djus dk vc le; gSA uhps dqN iqjkuh tkudkjh dks ekStwnk rkth tkudkjh ds lkFk v|ru fd;k x;k gSA 1- iqjkuh tkudkjh% ,d O;Drh dks ?kj NksM+us ls vk/ks ?kaVs igys ,lih,iQ (lw;Z laj{k.k iQSDVj) 15] ds lkFk ,d O;kid LisDVªe UVA/UVB luLØhu ykxw djuk pkfg;s- orZeku tkudkjh ;g gS fd ,lih,iQ 15 ds vykok esa O;fDr dks idebenone dh rjg ,d le`nz ekW'pjk;>j Hkh mlds lkFk yxuk pkfg;s] D;ksafd lwjt fd eqyHkwr fdj.ks dksystu vkSj byWLVhu rarqvksa dks rksM+rh gSA 2- iqjkuh tkudkjh% ,d Vh 'kVZ vki dks /wi ls cpus ds fy;s dkiQh ugha gSA orZeku tkudkjh% fnu ds nkSjku lwjt dh jks'kuh esa xgjs jax vkSj dldj cqus gq, diM+s iguuk vko';d gSA diM+ksa esa ;q ih 42 twu-2013

Medi Health June 2013.indd 42

,iQ (ijkcSaxuh laj{k.k dkjd) Js.kh gksrh gS vkSj vesfjdk ds Ropk dSalj iQkmaMs'ku lhy ds fliQkfj'k ds vuqlkj ;g de ls de 30 vko';d gSA 3- iqjkuk Kku% psgjk ds fy;s ,d pEep vkSj iqjs 'kjhj ds fy;s ,d 'kkWV Xykl lufLØu yks'ku dkQh gSA orZeku tkudkjh: luLØhu dh ek=k dksbZ Hkh fxu ugh ldrk gS] blfy, tc vki MªkbZfoax djrs gS] rks xkMh dh dkap vkidh lqjt dh jks'kuh ls j{kk ugh djrh blfy;s] vkius vki dks iqjh rjg ls fo'ks"kr% gkr] Nkrh vkSj gkFk dk fiNys fgLls dks lufLØu ls doj djuk lqfuf'pr djsaA gkFk dk fiNyk fgLls dks LVh;fjax idM+us ls ,d cgqr uqdlku dk lkeuk djuk iM+rk gSA ,d fcuk fpifpik Lçs bu LFkkuksa dks doj vkSj iwjh rjg ls j{kk dj ldrk gSaA 4- iqjkuk Kku% /kwi esa jguk LokLF; dkjd gS vkSj ,d lIrkg esa rhu ckj 20 feuV /wi esa jgus ls 'kjhj dks foVkfeu Mh feyrk gSA orZeku tkudkjh ds vuqlkj foVkfeu Mh gfì;ksa dks LoLFk j[kus ds fy, vkSj çfrj{kk ç.kkyh dks c<+kok nsus ds fy, vko';d gS] ysfdu 'kjhj dks /wi esa yk;s fcuk] ,d iwjd ek=k ds #i esa ysuk

lcls lqjf{kr rjhdk gS] D;ksafd lwjt ls dksf'kdk {kfr] Ropk dh mez c<+uk vkSj dSalj tSls tksf[ke gks ldrs gSA 5- iqjkuk Kku% VWfuax dk mi;ksx dHkh ugha djuk pkfg,A orZeku tkudkjh bl rF; dk leFkZu djrh gS] D;ksafd VWfuax ls eWyksuksek c<us dk [krjk 75 çfr'kr ls 90 çfr'kr c<rk gS] Ropk dh mez c<+kus vkSj >qfjZ;k¡ vkSj Hkwjs jax ds /Ccs ds xBu dk [krjk c<+ tkrk gS A ysfdu tc O;fDr VWfud ds lqjf{kr rjhds dk mi;ksx djrk gS] /wi esa de le; [kpZ djrk gS] ftlls f/js f/js Ropk VWu gksrh gS] /wi ls gq,s nkx fiQds gksus esa enn gksrh gSA var esa] cgqr lsa yksxa VSu Ropk pkgrs gS] ftlls mUgs ,d LoLFk ped feyrh gSaA ysfdu lwjt ls bldks ikuk tksf[ke dkjd gks ldrk gS] D;ksafd lw;Z dh ijkcSaxuh fdj.ksa Ropk dks uqdlku] NkbZa vkSj >qfjZ;ka yk ldrh gSaA luLØhu dk bu çHkkoksa dks [kRe djus ds fy, mi;ksx fd;k tk ldrk gSA ;g ys[k uohure vuqla/ku ds vk/kj ij luLØhu ds mi;ksx dh j.kuhfr;ksa dk v|ruhdj.k djrk gSA

04-06-2013 PM 10:12:56


ds;j

MHT

gsYFk

isV dh pchZ dSls de djsa

v

larqfyr [kkus ds c<+rs çpyu ds dkj.k vkt gj nwljk O;fDr eksVkis ls ijs'kku gSA [kkus ds 'kkSdhu yksxksa ds fy, rks vkgkj ij daVªksy djuk vkSj Hkh eqf'dy gSA 'kjhj ij vf/d pchZ c<+us ls isV ckgj fudy vkrk gS vkSj gkFk&iSj] xnZu] dej bR;kfn txgksa ij Hkh pchZ tek gks tkrh gSA ftlls 'kjhj csM+kSy gksus yxrk gSa cgqr de yksx ,sls gSa tks olk ls nwj jg ikrs gSaA ;kuh yksx feBkbZ;ksa] rys inkFkksaZ vkSj LuSDl bR;kfn dks vklkuh ls ugha NksM+ ikrsA vkb, tkusa isV dh pchZ dSls de dh tk ldrh gSaA lcls igys rks /;ku j[kus okyh ckr ;g gS fd [kkuk [kkus ds rqjar ckn ikuh u ih;sa] cfYd [kkus ds ,d ls Ms<+ ?kaVs ds varjky ij ikuh ih;saA Hkkstu tc Hkh djsa la;fer djsa ;kuh

Hkw[k ls FkksM+k de gh [kka,A Hkkstu esa rSyh; inkFkksaZ vkSj ehBs ds ctk; lkx] lCth] lykn vkSj iQyksa dks 'kkfey djsaA [kkus esa pkoy] vkyw vkSj ?kh dk ç;ksx de ls de djsaA lIrkg esa de ls de ,d fnu fliQZ rjy inkFkksaZ dks ihus dk fu;e cka/ ysa ;k fiQj nw/ vkSj iQy gh [kk,aA çfrfnu O;k;ke] ,Dlljlkbt vkSj ;ksxk dks viuh fnup;kZ esa 'kkfey djsaA iwjs fnu esa nks&rhu ckj de ls de 30 feuV rd VgysaA xsgwa dh pikrh NksM+ pus] tkS bR;kfn ls feys vkVs dh pikrh [kkuk vkjaHk dj nsaA lkFk gh uk'rs esa twl vkSj LçkmV~l dks 'kkfey dj ldrs gSaA lqcg&lqcg [kkyh isV ,d fxykl

xquxqus ikuh esa ,d pEep 'kgn vkSj vkSj uhacw ?kksydj ih,aA Hkkstu dks ges'kk /hjs&/hjs vkSj pckdj [kk,aA iwjs fnu esa de ls de 12&13 fxykl ikuh iha, vkSj viuh uhan iwjh djsaA isV dh pchZ de djus ds fy, vkidks ued dh ek=k Hkh ?kVkuh gksxh vkSj ruko ls nwj jguk gksxkA viuh thou'kSyh dks lq/kj dj] fu;fer [kkus esa olk de dj vki vklkuh ls vius isV ds vklikl dh pchZ dks [kRed dj ldrs gSaA

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kdsZfVax fMikVZesaV esa dke djus okyk vk'kh"k bu fnuksa FkzksV bUiQsD'ku dh otg ls ewypan vLirky esa nkf[ky gSaA gj fnu dh rjg fiNys 'kqØokj dks Hkh og nksigj dks ckbd ls dgha tk jgk FksA gsYesV igus vk'kh"k us ukd ij #eky cka/ j[kk FkkA bl otg ls mUgsa lkal ysus esa fnDdr gks jgh FkhA mUgksaus eqag ls lkal ysuk 'kq: fd;kA ?kj igqapk vkSj fpYM f'kdath vkSj yseu okWVj ih fy;kA vxys fnu muds xys esa [kjk'k gqbZ vkSj iQhoj gks x;kA MkWDVj dks fn[kk;k rks irk pyk fd mUgsa bUiQsD'ku gks x;k gSA fiQygky mUgsa VªhVesaV fn;k tk jgk gSA vk'kh"k dk bykt djus okyh ewypan dh bZ,uVh Lis'kfyLV MkWDVj papy iky dgrh gSa fd ,slk fliQZ vk'kh"k dks ugha gqvk gS] cfYd bu fnuksa cgqr lkjs yksx FkzksV bUiQsD'ku ds f'kdkj gks jgs gSaA MkWDVj 44 twu-2013

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ds eqrkfcd] ;wa rks xehZ esa FkzksV bUiQsD'ku de gksrk gS] ysfdu bu fnuksa yksx Hkh"k.k xehZ ls cpus ds fy, rqjar ,lh ;k fpYM okWVj dk lgkjk ysrs gSaA blls lMu Vsaijspj psat gksrk gS] ftlls yksx cq[kkj ds lkFk FkzksV bUiQsD'ku ds f'kdkj gks jgs gSaA MkWpapy dgrh gSa fd bu fnuksa ,sls ekeyksa esa 20 ls 25 ilsaZV dh c<+ksrjh ns[kh tk jgh gSA vksihMh esa rks ,sls ejht bu fnuksa [kwc vk jgs gSaA bUiQsD'ku dh otg ls dqN is'kaV dh gkyr bruh [kjkc gks tkrh gS fd mUgsa ,MfeV djus dh Hkh t:jr iM+ tkrh gSA eSDl vLirky ds bZ,uVh Lis'kfyLV MkW- ih,l- lgkfj;k dk dguk gS fd vpkud vHkh ,sls ejhtksa dh la[;k esa btkiQk ns[kk tk jgk gSA [kkldj vksihMh esa rks yksx bl rjg dh f'kdk;rsa ysdj vk jgs gSaA ysfdu] bl bUiQsD'ku ls cpk tk ldrk gSA cl FkksM+k lrdZ jgus dh t:jr gSA MkWDVj us

dgk fd vHkh tks FkzksV bUiQsD'ku ns[ks tk jgs gSa] mudh eq[; otg lMu Vsaijspj psat gSA vktdy lHkh cM+s&cM+s vkWfiQlksa esa lsaVªy ,lh gksrs gSa] ftldh otg ls vkWfiQl dk Vsaijspj 18 ls 20 fMxzh ds vklikl jgrk gSA dbZ vkWfiQl rks fpYM gks tkrs gSaA ysfdu ckgj dk Vsaijspj bu fnuksa ges'kk 40 fMxzh ls Åij jgrk gSA tc yksx vkWfiQl ls vpkud ckgj fudyrs gSa] rks ckWMh lMu Vsaijspj psat ls xqtjrh gSA vxj ,slh fLFkfr ls ckWMh dks fnu esa rhu&pkj ckj xqtjuk iM+rk gS] rks bldk vlj ckWMh ij iM+uk r; gSA ;gh ugha] yksx tc ckgj ls ?kj igqaprs gh fpYM okWVj ;k fiQj fpYM yseu okWVj ;k f'kdath ih ysrs gSa] rks bldk lh/k vlj xys ij gksrk gSA bl otg ls bUiQsD'ku gksrs gSaA

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