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mediatori

#3 dekemberi 2013

Tbilisis saxelmwifo universitetis , Jurnalistikisa da masobrivi komunikaciis mimarTulebis studentebis, studenturi saswavlo gazeTi

qarTvelTa solidaroba ukrainel xalxs

ara evropas! siyvaruliT, ukrainisgan

TbilisSi,yofili parlamentis SenobasTan, ukraineli xalxis mxardasaWeri aqcia gaimarTa.socialur qsel facebook-ze dagegmili aqciis organizatori oTar yaralaSvilia. gv.13

mwerebis afuTqreba borjomSi bolo wlebia, rac sakmaod didi zarali adgeba borjomis tyeebs. 2008 wlis agvistos xanZris Sedegad 90 000 heqtari tyis farTobi ganadgurda waRverSi.

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ukrainam evrointegraciaze uari Tqva. amis Sesaxeb informacia ukrainulma mediam gaavrcela. xelisuflebam evrokavSirTan asocirebaze SeTanxmebis procesi SeaCera. ra mizezebis gamo Seikava Tavi ukrainam da gavlenas iqoniebs Tu ara misi uari saqarTveloze? gv.3

“moweva klavs�! es gamafrTxilebeli warwera axlavs TiToeuli sigaretis kolofs.

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studenturi dasaqmeba - SesaZleblobebi da perspeqtivebi

lodinis 10 dRe... sajaro informaciis xelmisawvdomobis sakiTxi TiToeuli moqalaqisTvis aqtualuria, radgan, xSir SemTxvevaSi, maT saWiro droze didxans uwevT lodini. ra etapebis gavlaa saWiro sajaro informaciis misaRebad da ra valdebulebebs akisrebs kanoni aseT dawesebulebebs?

studentTa umravlesobas survili aqvs, rom swavlis paralelurad imuSaos, Tumca xSirad isini muSaobis dawyebas ver axerxeben. ra perspeqtiva Tu SesaZlebloba aqvs students, romelsac samsaxuris Sovna unda? vis unda mimarTos: ganaTlebis saministros, universitets, Tu TviTon unda izrunos Sesabamisi vakansiis moZiebaze, an ra alternativa rCeba samsaxuris dawyebis nacvlad?

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biznesi Tu qvelmoqmedeba?!

saqarTvelos "mowamluli" regionebi urbanizaciis process ekologiuri problemebi bunebrivad Tan axlavs. ekologiis Temaze momuSave eqspertebi da arasamTavrobo organizaciebi Cvens qveyanaSi ekologiis sakiTxs erT-erT yvelaze uyuradRebod miiCneven. maTi azriT, dReisaTvis, saqarTveloSi garemos dacva prioritetul sferod ar iTvleba.

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mediatori

"mTvaris muzeumi"

aqcia didubis bazarSi maka maRedani

ani gulordava 19 noembers d. SevardnaZis saxelobis erovnul galereaSi aSS-is saelCos mier dafinansebuli gamofena “mTvaris muzeumi” gaixsna. saqarTvelos erovnul galereaSi, pirvelad iqna warmodgenili apolo 12 – is misiisas, mTvareze 6 amerikeli xelovanis datovebuli namuSevrebi: modulis folga, sadac Ci pi iyo moTavsebuli da misi metalisgan damzadebuli monetebi. aseve gamofenis farglebSi warmodgenilia ramdenime Tanamedrove qarTveli mxatvris mier specialurad am movlenisadmi Seqmnili namuSevari. 1960-ian wlebSi “nasam” warmatebuli misia ganaxorciela mTvareze. swored aman

ganapiroba “mTvaris muzeumis” dabadebis idea. “nasam” iniciativiT mimarTa mxatvrebs,SeeqmnaT am TemasTan dakavSirebuli namuSevrebi. 1969 wlis 20 ivliss, pirvelad amerikelma astronavtma nil armstrongma fexiT gaiara mTvareze. amerikis SeerTebuli Statebis aeronavtikisa da kosmosuri sivrcis kvlevis erovnuli sammarTvelos, „nasas» mier 1969 wlis 14 dan 24 noembris CaTvliT mTvareze rigiT meeqvse pilotirebuli misia ganxorcielda. aRniSnuli misiis mizani ufro meti seismologiuri, samecniero da teqnikuri monacemis Segroveba da farTo seleonologiuri dakvirveba iyo. endi uorholi,forest maieri,robert rauSenbergi, deivid novro, jon Cemberleni da kleis oldenbergi arian is mxatvrebi, romelTac Seqmnes gamosaxulebebi mTvaris muzeumis ideis garSemo. teqnologiuri Carevis Sedegad namuSevrebis masStabebi daapataraves da erTi mcire zomis keramikul Ci pze ganaTavses. „grumanis» inJinrebis daxmarebiT erT-erTi Ci pi apolo 12 - is „lem - 6»- is kosmosuri xomaldis modulSi moaTavses da mTvareze gaamgzavres. gamofenaze aseve warmodgenilia konstantine mindaZis “drois, sivrcisa da TariRis gareSe”, on kavaras “jer isev cocxali var”, roko iremaSvilis astronavtebis monumenturi portretebi, manuCar oqroscvariZis da konstantine mindaZis skulfturebi da riCard seras Canaxatebi. gamofena pirvelad gaimarTa tampaSi, Semdeg – hiustonSi, “nasas” bazaze da safrangeTSi. saqarTvelo Semdegi qveyanaa. dimitri SevardnaZis saxelobis erovnul galereaSi damTvalierebels namuSevrebis naxva 11 dekembris CaTvliT SeeZlebaT.

"nacionalur moZraobaSi" sakadro cvlilebebi ganxorcielda mariam menabde “erTiani nacionalur moZraobis” politsabWos sxdomaze, partiis Tanamdebobebze kandidaturebis gadarCevis Sedegebi gamocxadda. partiis wevrTa gadawyvetilebiT, erovnuli uSiSroebis yofili mdivani giga bokeria sagareo urTierTobaTa mdivnis Tanamdebobas daikavebs,xolo strategiuli da organizaciuli ganviTarebis mdivnad giorgi vaSaZe dainiSna. sabWos gadawyvetilebiT, zurab WiaberaSvili muSaobas samoqalaqo-sazogadoebasTan urTierTobis mdivnis poziciaze ganagrZobs. rac Seexeba partiis sxva wevrebs, Tanamdebobebi Semdegnairad gadanawilda: administraciuli mdivnis Tanamdebobaze - xaTuna gogoriSvili, media mdivnis Tanamdebobaze - irma nadiraSvili, politikuri mdivnis Tanamdebobaze ki zurab jafariZe dainiSna; partiis aRmasrulebeli mdivnis pozicia mixeil maWavarians ergo, xolo regionaluri mdivnis Tanamdeboba ki nugzar wiklaurma daikava.

evrosabWom saqarTvelos sanqcia dauwesa mariam menabde evrosabWos saparlamento asableam (PACE-m) saqarTvelos sanqcia dauwesa, rac qveyanaSi 2 wlis ganmavlobaSi evrosabWos egidiT Sexvedrebis gamarTvis akrZalvas iTvaliswinebs.

leiboristuli partiis erT-erTma liderma giorgi gugavam saprotesto aqcia gamarTa. gugavam mcire mewarmeebis dajarimebis faqti gaaprotesta da ganacxada, rom msgavsi jarimebi ukanonoa. leiboristuli partiis lideri acxadebs, rom saxelmwifom movaWreebs gadasaxadebi ukanonod gauzarda. gugava mTavrobas mimarTavs, rom Sewydes maT mimarT dawyebuli dajarimeba, winaaRmdeg SemTxvevaSi masobrivi aqciebi daiwyeba. misive ganmartebiT, didubis bazris movaWreebma aRniSnuli problemiT leiboristul partias cota xnis win mimarTes. rogorc aqciis monawileebi ganmartaven, 2014 wlis pirvel ianvramde salaro aparatebisgan gaTavisuflebulebi arian, Tumca Semosavlebis samsaxuris warmomadgenlebma isini mainc daajarimes.

sozar subaris gancxadeba

sanqcia, saqarTvelos mxridan 2013 wlis winasaprezidento arCevnebze rusi deputatis, vasili lixaCovis damkvirveblad dauSveblobis gamo dawesda. saqarTvelos yofilma elCma, mamuka kudavam ganacxada, rom am gadawyvetilebaSi tragedias ver xedavs. “es aris Cveni gadasaxdeli fasi im okupaciis kanonTan dakavSirebiT, romelic Cven miviReT da romelic aucilebelia Cveni saxelmwifoebriobisTvis. rac mTavaria, am SesaZlo dagegmil RonisZiebebSi ar Sedis monitoringis misiis vizitebi saqarTveloSi.” – ambobs mamuka kudava. gancxadebis Tanaxmad, sabWo sanqciis gauqmebis gadawyvetilebas im SemTxvevaSi miiRebs, Tu saqarTvelos xelisufleba mis teritoriaze evrosabWos asambleis egidiT Casuli wevrebis Tavisufal gadaadgilebas uzrunvelyofs.

"iaponuri

animes festivali TbilisSi"

marita grigalaSvili iaponuri kultura, kerZod ki kinoxelovneba, saqarTveloSi sul ufro popularuli xdeba. amaze migvaniSnevs mayurebelTa mzardi moTxovna da interesi yvelaferze, rac iaponur kulturasTanaa dakavSirebuli. xSirad ewyoba iaponuri kinos da animes festivalebi, romelic didi popularobiT sargeblobs mayurebelSi. amjerad iaponiis saelCo iaponuri kino-anime moyvarulebisTvis „animefestivals“ awyobs. Tbilisi: TariRi: 13-15 dekemberi, adgili: kinoTeatri amirani (kostavas q. 36) gori: TariRi: 21 dekemberi,adgili: moswavle-axalgazrdobis kulturul-saganmanaTleblo centri (mSvidobis q. 12) daswreba Tavisufalia

sasjelaRsrulebis, probaciisa da iuridiuli daxmarebis sakiTxTa ministrma gavrcelebuli informacia imis Taobaze, rom cixeebSi 150 patimari SimSilobs, ar daadastura. sozar subaris TqmiT, moSimSile patimarTa raodenoba 52-s Seadgens. ministri sazogadoebas simSvidisken mouwodebs da Tvlis, rom mdgomareoba xelovnurad aris Seqmnili. subarma gamarTul preskonferenciaze isaubra sasjelaRsrulebis saministroSi ganxorcielebul sakadro cvlilebebzec. misi moadgilis Tanamdebobas ekaterine qristesiaSvili daikavebs. aRniSnul Tanamdebobas am dromde sofo jafariZe ikavebda. subarisve ganmartebiT, qristesiaSvilis kandidatura premierministr irakli RaribaSvils ukve warudgina.

prezidentis mrCevlis Sefaseba prezidentis mrCevelma, ivane maWavarianma, vilniusis samitze giorgi margvelaSvilis gamosvla dadebiTad Seafasa. misi gancxadebiT, litvaSi prezidentma araerTi warmatebuli Sexvedra gamarTa. maWavarianis TqmiT, margvelaSvilma qveynis evropul orientacias xazi gausva. prezidentis mrCeveli darwmunebulia, rom evropis liderebi, saqarTvelos evrokavSirSi gawevrianebas gverdSi daudgebian miuxedavad qveyanaSi arsebuli problemebisa. gamarTul preskonferenciaze man aseve ukrainaSi mimdinare procesebi Seafasa da ganacxada, rom ukrainasa da saqarTvelos mdgomareoba erTmaneTisgan gamijnulia da iq ganviTarebuli movlenebi saqarTvelos evroatlantikur sivrceSi gaerTianebas xels ar SeuSlis.

"amiranSi" saerTaSoriso kinofestivalis gaxsnas maikl hofmani daeswreba 2 dekembers kinoTeatr “amiranSi” Tbilisis saerTaSoriso kinofestivalis gaxsnas cnobili amerikeli reJisori maikl hofmani daeswro. festivali levan koRuaSvilis filmiT “SemTxveviTi paemnebi” gaixsneba. festivalis farglebSi mayurebels saSualeba eqneba mravalferovani programa naxos. dagegmilia kinematografistebTan da kinoindustriis profesionalebTan Sexvedrebi,gaimarTeba masterklasebi da konferenciebi. masterklasebs specialurad mowveuli ucxoeli kinoprofesionalebi Caatareben. festivalis farglebSi warmodgenili iqneba sxvadasxva seqcia – evropuli kinos forumi, 2013 wlis saavtoro kinos gamorCeuli namuSevrebi. festivali 7 dekembers maikl hofmanis filmiT “ukanaskneli sadguri” daixureba. saerTaSoriso konkursSi gamarjvebulebs gadaecemaT festivalis mTavari prizi – oqros promeTe (saukeTeso filmisTvis) da vercxlis promeTe (saukeTeso reJisurisTvis). dawesebulia agreTve farajanovis saxelobis prizi, romelic gansakuTrebuli kinoesTetikisTvis gadaecema SerCeul films. prizi xelovnebisa da kulturaTSorisma fondma daawesa. qarTuli panoramis seqciaSi gamarjvebul saukeTeso qarTvel reJisors gadaecema “Ti-bi-si” bankisa da saqarTvelos franguli institutis jildo, rac kanis 2014 wlis kinofestivalze gamgzavrebas gulisxmobs. saerTaSoriso kinofestivalis Jiuris Tavmjdomare maikl hofmania. Jiuris SemadgenlobaSi samira mahmalbadi, maTeuS verneri, laslo raiki da giorgi nakaSiZe Sedian. Cvenebebi 2-7 dekembris CaTvliT kinoTeatrebSi “rusTaveli” da “amirani” gaimarTeba.


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mediatori

daviT baqraZe: saqarTvelos bedi mniSvnelovanwilad wydeba ukrainaSi mimdinare procesebze marita grigalaSvili kievSi partia “Tavisuflebis” liderma saerTo-saxalxo gaficvis dawyeba gamoacxada. aRniSnuli gancxadeba man pirvel dekembers, maidanze gamosvlisas gagakeTa. man momitingeebs karvebis gaSlisken, opoziciuri Zalebis mxardaWerisa da momitingeebis mier dakavebul SenobaSi, droebiTi Stabis Seqmnisken mouwoda. SegaxsenebT, rom ukrainaSi ukve ramdenime dRea farTomasStabiani saprotesto aqciebi mimdinareobs, romlebic TandaTan ufro seriozul saxes iRebs. ukrainaSi mimdinare movlenebs aqtiurad exmaurebian qarTveli politikosebi. “nacionaluri moZraobis lideri” daviT baqraZe miiCnevs, rom ukrainaSi mimdinare procesebi didad moaxdens gavlenas saqarTvelozec. “CvenTvis sasicocxlod mniSvnelovania, rom ukrainaSi movlenebi normalurad mimdinareobdes, rom ukrainelma xalxma ar dakargos evropis perspeqtiva da moxdes is, risTvisac dRes aTi aTasobiT adamiani gamodis quCaSi da sasicocxlod mniSvnelovania, rom ruseTs ar mieces sakuTari zewolis saSualebiT, ukrainis evropidan izolirebis saSualeba. imitom, rom Tu es moxda ukrainaSi dRes, xval, Zalian didi albaTobiT, ruseTi amas ecdeba saqarTveloSi. amitom, CvenTvis, SeiZleba iTqvas, rom, faqtobrivad, saqarTvelos bedi mniSvnelovanwilad wydeba ukrainaSic da me mTeli guliT, warmatebas vusuveb am mebrZol qveyanas”,-ganacxada daviT baqraZem.

ara evropas! siyvaruliT, ukrainisgan naTia xvadagiani ukrainam evrointegraciaze uari Tqva. amis Sesaxeb informacia ukrainulma mediam gaavrcela. xelisuflebam evrokavSirTan asocirebaze SeTanxmebis procesi SeaCera. ra mizezebis gamo Seikava Tavi ukrainam da gavlenas iqoniebs Tu ara misi uari saqarTveloze? evrointegraciaze ukrainis mier uaris gancxadebis Sesaxeb informacia 21 noembers gavrcelda. erTi wliT SeCerda asocirebisa da Tavisufali vaWrobis Sesaxeb SeTanxmebis procesi. amis erT-erT mizezad saxeldeba ruseTis faqtori. premierministr azarovis azriT, ukrainis nomer pirveli amocana ruseTTan savaWro urTierTobis SenarCunebaa, aqedan gamomdinare, xelisufleba xalxis sasargeblod apirebs ekonomikuri mdgradobis mizniT ruseTTan SeTanxmebis inventarizacias. litvis prezidenTtTan satelefono saubrisas ki ianukoviCma ruseTis mxridan zewolis faqti aRniSna. misi TqmiT, ruseTis SantaJs ukrainam winaaRmdegoba ver gauwia. kerZod, ruseTis muqara imaSi mdgomareobda, rom bazarze ukrainul produqcias SezRudvebs dauwesebdnen. integraciaze uars gamoxmaureba mohyva qveyanaSi. opozicia da xalxi xelisuflebas axsenebs dapirebebs, romlis Tanaxmadac sam weliwadSi evrointegracia moxdeboda. quCebSi aTasobiT moqalaqe gamovida da ukve ramdenime dRea xelisuflebis moqmedebas akritikebs. ukrainuli gadawyvetilebiT imedgacruebulia evropac. evrokavSiris sagareo saqmeTa da usafrTxoebis politikis sakiTxebSi umaRlesma warmomadgenelma ketrin eStonma ganacxada, rom xelisuflebam imedi gaucrua rogorc evropas, aseve sakuTar xalxsac. eStonma Tavis mxriv, ukraineli xalxis winaSe valdebulebis SenarCunebis Sesaxebac isaubra da imedi gamoTqva, rom ukraina evrokavSirTan mtkice urT-

ierTobas gaagrZelebs, ekonomikuri sakiTxebi ki evrointegraciisTvis problemas ar unda warmoadgendes. sakiTxs gamoexmaura germaniis kancleri angela merkelic. misi azriT, civi omis narCenebis ganadgurebaa saWiro da postsabWoTa qveynebma evrointegraciis sakiTxi Tavad unda gadawyviton. merkelma vilniusis samitze ukrainis xelisuflebis gadawyvetilebisadmi protesti imiT gamoxata, rom ianukoviCs xeli ar CamoarTva. mTavrobis uars ar emxroba ukrainis eklesiac. kievisa da sruliad rus-ukrainis patriarqma filaretma gaavrcela mimarTva, romelSic mxars uWers ukrainis evrointegracias. mimarTvaSi naTqvamia, rom ,,ukraina evropuli qveyanaa da es arCevani evropul qristianuli civilizaciasTan mikuTvnebulobisa aTasi wlis win kievis ruseTis naTlobisas gakeTda.” masStabur gamosvlebs ukrainaSi, romlis mizania xelisuflebis gadawyvetilebis gaprotesteba da mosaxleobis azris dafiqsireba, imis Taobaze, rom isini

Tanaxma arian evropul integraciaze, mxardamWerebi gamouCndnen sxvadasxva qveyanaSi, maT Soris, saqarTveloSic. 24 noembers TbilisSi, ukrainis saelCosTan ,,sazogadoebrivi iniciativebis gaerTianebis centris” organizebiT ukraineli xalxis mxardasaWeri aqcia gaimarTa. rac Seexeba ukrainis uaris gavlenas saqarTvelos evropul momavalze, am sakiTxTan dakavSirebiT azrebi gayofilia. 22 noembers JurnalistebTan Sexvedraze Tavdacvisa da uSiSroebis komitetis Tavmjdomare irakli sesiaSvilma ganacxada, rom faqti, rasakvirvelia, cudia, magram pozitiuri niSnebis danaxvac SesaZlebelia: am magaliTiT evropam unda dainaxos im qveynebis mondomeba, romlebic dasavleTTan integraciiT arian dainteresebulni. premierministr irakli RaribaSvilis azriT ki, SesaZloa ukrainis uarma saqarTvelos evrointegraciis sakiTxi ufro metad daaCqaros, radgan ukraina ufro metadaa damokidebuli ruseTze, vidre saqarTvelo.

studenturi dasaqmeba - SesaZleblobebi da perspeqtivebi mariam takiZe studentTa umravlesobas survili aqvs, rom swavlis paralelurad imuSaos, Tumca xSirad isini muSaobis dawyebas ver axerxeben. ra perspeqtiva Tu SesaZlebloba aqvs students, romelsac samsaxuris Sovna unda? vis unda mimarTos: ganaTlebis saministros, universitets, Tu TviTon unda izrunos Sesabamisi vakansiis moZiebaze, an ra alternativa rCeba samsaxuris dawyebis nacvlad? rogorc aRmoCnda, ganaTlebis saministro dRes ar uzrunvelyofs studentTa dasaqmebas. rogorc umaRlesi ganaTlebis ganviTarebis sammarTvelos direqtorma, nugzar Citaiam Tqva, studentTa dasaqmebis sakiTxebiT universitetebi ufro arian dainteresebulni da ramdenime maTganSi am etapze aris kidevac karieris samsaxuri, romelic studentebs samuSaos povnaSi exmareba. dRes ramdenime universitetSi marTlac funqcionirebs karieris samsaxuri, romelic uzrunvelyofs studentTa informirebas sxvadasxva vakansiisa Tu staJirebis programis Sesaxeb. 2011 wels Catarda tempusis kvleva. masSi monawile 35 universitetidan mxolod 18 universiteti uzrunvelyofs studentTa dasaqmebas. maTi umravlesoba kerZo universitetia. fsiqologiis profesori nino javaxiSvili, kvlevis erT-erTi organizatori, aRniSnavs, rom karieris samsaxuris ararsebobis erT-erTi mizezi aris is, rom universitetebi da damsaqmeblebi ar TanamSromloben: “kavSiri universitetebsa da damsaqmeblebs Soris arc Tu ise Zlieria. vTqvaT, damsaqmebeli xedavs raRac problemas, universitetic xedavs raRac problemas, magram azrad ar mosdiT, rom erTad dasxdnen da amaze dailaparakon. magaliTad, damsaqmebeli ZiriTadad ise akeTebs, rom universitets ki ar eubneba, modi, es aswavle da aseTi gamouSvi CemTan, aramed fiqrobs, rom “me mere amas adgilze vaswavli” an ar aiyvans saerTod aseTs. TanamS-

romloba sakmaod seriozulad waswevda win am sakiTxs da problemas moagvarebda”. ilias saxelmwifo universiteti erT-erTia im 35 universitetidan, romelic „tempusis” kvlevaSia naxsenebi da sadac arsebobs karieris samsaxuri. studenturi serviscentris departamentis ufrosi, giorgi CantlaZe ganmartavs: “studenturi serviscentri daarsda ilias universitetSi 2009 wlis gazafxulze da mas Semdeg aq funqcionirebs dasaqmebis erT-erTi ganyofileba, romlis mizanicaa studentebisTvis dasaqmebaSi xelSewyoba. vTanamSromlobT sxvadasxva kompaniasTan ,iseve,rogorc vakeTebT Sida sauni-

versiteto staJirebas, romlis merec, Zalian xSir SemTxvevaSi, studenti saqmdeba Cvensave universitetSi. rac Seexeba sxva, anu gareTa kompaniebsa da firmebs, Cven maTTan memorandumebi gvaqvs gaformeulebi. studentebi gvigzavnian TavianT pirad monacemebs. xdeba gadarCeva am kompaniasa da Cvens serviscentrs Soris da mere ukve xdeba am studentebis sxvadasxva ti pis gasaubrebaze dabareba”. Tekle kapanaZe pirvel kursze iyo, roca ilias studentur serviscentrSi, dasaqmebis ganyofilebaSi daregistrirda. amis Semdeg is i-meiliT iRebda mudmivad informacias sxvadasxva vakansiis Sesaxeb. pirvelad wignis maRazia „liga-

musSi” dasaqmda, sadac daaxloebiT 9 Tve imuSava, Semdeg gadavida staJirebaze ilias universitetis kvlevebis centrSi: “kvlevebis centrSi staJirebis gavlis Semdeg miviRe Setyobineba, rom ilias universitetis studenturi serviscentri acxadebda staJirebas iliaunis sxvadsxva departamentSi da amazec Sevitane gancxadeba. damikavSirdnen, gaviare staJireba studenur serviscentrSi. samTviani staJireba iyo da Semdeg amiyvanes, rogorc TanamSromeli da dRes ukve vmuSaob studentur serviscentrSi. amavdroulad vswavlob me-3 kursze. leqciebi ZiriTadad saRamos saaTebSi maqvs. 6 saaTze vamTavreb samuSaos da mere leqciebze mivdivar”. yvela universiteti ver uzrunvelyofs studentebis dasaqmebas. aseT SemTxvevaSi, studentebi damoukideblad cdiloben saWiro informaciis moZiebas. feisbukgverdi “Be Active”-i daexmareba studentebs, romlebsac samsaxuris, an staJirebis dawyeba surT. xaTuna abramiSvili, “Be Active” -is gverdis erT-erTi administratori, ambobs: “am gverdis ZiriTadi mizani aris studentebis integracia da erT sivrceSi gaerTianeba. axalgazrdebisTvis informaciis miwodeba sxvadasxva aqtualuri sakiTxis Sesaxeb, maT Soris maTTvis sainteresoa staJirebebi, sxvadasxva saxis vakansiebi, vorqSofebi, seminarebi, treningebi. Cveni ZiriTadi samizne jgufebi arian axalgazrdebi da minda aRvniSno, rom studentebi gansakuTrebulad aqtiuroben. aq SerCeva ar xdeba da nebismieri universitetis students SeuZlia gawevriandes Cvens jgufSi”. “Be Active” -is feisbukgverdi erT welze metia, rac arsebobs da, miuxedavad imisa, rom rogorc oficialuri organizacia jer ar aris Camoyalibebuli, ukve 15 aTasamde momxmarebeli hyavs


4

mediatori

lodinis 10 dRe sajaro informaciis xelmisawvdomoba saqarTveloSi ana tyebuCava sajaro informaciis xelmisawvdomobis sakiTxi TiToeuli moqalaqisTvis aqtualuria, radgan, xSir SemTxvevaSi, maT saWiro droze didxans uwevT lodini. ra etapebis gavlaa saWiro sajaro informaciis misaRebad da ra valdebulebebs akisrebs kanoni aseT dawesebulebebs? saqarTvelos zogadi administraciuli kodeqsis mixedviT, sajaro informacia aris sajaro dawesebulebaSi daculi nebismieri oficialuri informaciis Semcveli dokumenti. is SeiZleba iyos video- da audiomasala, gegma, sqema, naxazi Tu sxva. saqarTvelos konstituciis mixedviT, sajaro informaciis moTxovna SeuZlia nebismier dainteresebul pirs, ganurCevlad moqalaqeobisa, aseve iuridul pirebs da organizaciul warmonaqmnebsac. dainteresebis SemTxvevaSi moTxovnis Semcveli werilobiTi gancxadeba igzavneba sajaro dawesebulebaSi, romelic Tavis mxriv valdebulia, rom araumetes 10 dRisa pasuxi gasces momTxovns, winaaRmdeg SemTxvevaSi es ukve kanondarRvevaa. sajaro informacia or nawilad iyofa - ganmartavs axalgazrda iuristTa asociaciis warmomadgeneli sulxan salaZe: „kanoni yofs or nawilad am informacias: pirveli, es aris Ria informacia, romelic xelmisawvdomia yvelasTvis da meore, es aris saidumlo informacia: personaluri monacemebi piris Sesaxeb, saxelmwifo saidumlo da komerciuli saidumlo.“ saqarTveloSi xSiria am kuTxiT kanondarRveva. umeteswilad darRveva an dagvianebiT an arasrulad mowodebul informaciaze modis, Tumca yofila SemTxvevebi, rodesac sajaro dawesebulebas saerTod ar gaucia pa-

suxi. sulxan salaZe ganmartavs, rom ZiriTadad problema iqmneba maSin, roca sajaro informaciis moTxovna exeba finansebis xarjvasTan, an did infrastruqturul proeqtebTan dakavSirebul sakiTxebs. salaZis TqmiT, aseT SemTxvevebSi dainteresebuli piri iZulebulia wavides sasamarTloSi, rac Tavis mxriv mTel rig procedurebTanaa dakavSirebuli:

Civrebis mxriv yvelaze meti saqme Tbilisis saqalaqo sasamarTloSi Sedis, Semdeg modis quTaisis da baTumis saqalaqo sasamarTloebi. calke Temaa, Tu ramdenad xSirad xdeba mosarCelis interesebis dakmayofileba da ramdenad xSirad administraciuli organoebis poziciebis gaziareba. gazeT „baTumelebs“ sajaro informaciasTan dakavSirebiT, bolo erTi wlis

saboloo jamSi es sakmaod Zviri daujda Cvens redaqcias“ informaciis Tavisuflebis ganviTarebis instituti (IdfI) sajaro informaciis xelmisawvdomobis kuTxiT kvlevas 2009 wlidan atarebs. misi erT-erTi damfuZneblis, levan avaliSvilis gancxadebiT, mTavrobis SecvlasTan erTad gaiolda sajaro informaciis mopoveba:

„aq ramdenime momentia. pirveli, is aris, rom baJi unda gadaixados dainteresebulma pirma da is aris minimum 100 lari. meore, aris is, rom sarCelis momzadeba specialuri formebis mixedviT xdeba, rac mxolod iuristebisTvis aris xelmisawvdomi. Tuki me Cveulebrivi moqalaqe var da informacias ver vRebulob, mWirdeba specialuri codna, rom SemdgomSi sasamarTloze me davadasturo Cemi poziciis simyare, sasamarTlos avuxsna, rom informacia, romeli ar gasca dainteresebulma pirma, unda gacemuliyo Tavis droze administraciuli organos mxridan.“ iuristTa asociaciis warmomadgenlis, gasa-

ganmavlobaSi xuTi saqme hqondaT Setanili sasamarTloSi, romelTaganac xuTive waages. gazeTis redaqtori eTer TuraZe ambobs rom, am kuTxiT kanoni xSirad irRveva da sasamarTloSi Civili xdeba saWiro. is aRwers saxelmwifo qonebis gasxvisebasTan dakavSirebul saqmes, rodesac „baTumelebs“ sruliad sajaro informacia, anu amonaweri sajaro reestridan, ar miawodes. gazeTma es SemTxveva sasamarTloSi gaasaCivra, sabolood ki saqme uzenaes sasamarTlomdec ki mivida, rac TavisTavad, met xarjebTanaa dakavSirebuli: „axlaxans miviReT mesame instanciidan werili, rom Cven unda gadavixadoT axla 300 lari,

„arCevnebis Semdgom bevri iseTi informacia gaxda xelmisawvdomi, romlis mopovebac wlebis ganmavlobaSi SeuZlebeli iyo. am mxriv, ra Tqma unda, ukeTesi tendeciebi SeiniSneba. umetesad, SeiZleba iTqvas, informacia, romelis ar iyo xelmisawvdomi wina xelisuflebis pirobebSi, axlac, zogi uwyebis mxridan kvlav ar gaicema. magaliTad, premiebis Sesaxeb informacia.“ levan avaliSvilis gancxadebiT, SarSan Tavdacvis saministro informaciis ganviTarebis institutma daajildova, rogorc yvelaze daxuruli dawesebuleba. aRsaniSnavia is faqti, rom wels ramdenime saqmes ukve moexsna grifis saidumlo da maTi gamoTxova

SesaZlebeli gaxda, magaliTad: informacia, avRaneTSi daRupuli qarTveli jariskacebis Sesaxeb. avaliSvilis gancxadebiT, erTi wlis ganmavlobaSi gagzavnili rva aTasze meti gancxadebidan 50% SemTxvevaSi irRveva vadebi, an xdeba informaciis arasrulyofilad mowodeba. organizaciam mxolod arCevnebis Semdeg miiRo ganaTebis saministrodan arCevnebamde gamoTxovnili informacia sxva xarjebis detalur aRwerasTan dakavSirebiT. aRsaniSnavi aris mcdari informaciis mowodebis SemTxvevebic, magaliTad: informaciis Tavisuflebis ganviTarebis institutma lazikis mSeneblobis Sesaxeb gamoTxovnil informaciaze saqarTvelos regionaluri ganviTarebisa da infrastruqturis saministrodan miiRo pasuxi, rom axali qalaqis mSeneblobisTvis am saministros aranairi xarji ar gauwevia, Tumca oqtobris Semdeg amave saministroSi xelmeored gagzavnil analogiur SekiTxvaze mosul pasuxSi sul sxva ram ewera. aRmoCnda, rom saministros biujetidan am kuTxiT 10 milionamde lari daixarja. sazRvargareT sajaro informaciis internetis saSualebiT gamoTxovnis mravalwliani praqtika arsebobs. saqarTvelos kanonmdeblobis zogadi administraciuli kodeqsis mesame TavSi ukve Sevida Sesabamisi cvlileba, romlis mixedviTac 2013 wlis pirvel seqtembramde yvela sajaro dawesebulebas daekisra valdebuleba, rom gaeca sajaro informacia eleqtronuli saxiT. es praqtika ukve danergilia saqarTvelos saqalaqo sasamarTlo sistemaSi. cvlileba mosaxleobisTvis sagrZnoblad gaaadvilebs sajaro informaciis gamoTxovnis proceduras.

gadauWreli problemebi Tbilisis skolamdeli aRzrdis dawesebulebebSi qeTi mestviriSvili

TbilisSi sabavSvo baRs miRma jer kidev uamravi bavSvi rCeba. mSoblebi, romelTac ver moaxerxes TavianTi Svilebis sabavSvo baRebSi daregistrireba, amboben, rom registraciis dros adgilebi ise swrafad Seivso, veRaraferi gaawyves. problemas, erTi mxriv, qmnis is faqti, rom sabavSvo baRis jgufebs, pirvel rigSi, avseben socialurad daucvelebi da is bavSvebi, romelTa da-Zmac ukve dadis imave baRSi. Tumca es ar aris problemis warmoqmnis erTaderTi mizezi. saqme isaa, rom misaRebi adgilebis

raodenoba mkveTrad Seusabamoa baRSi siarulis msurveli bavSvebis raodenobasTan mimarTebiT. aqve gasaTvaliswinebelia, rom, samoqalaqo reestris bolo monacemebiT, Sobadoba yovelwliurad sagrZnoblad izrdeba, baRebis raodenoba ki igive rCeba. zogerTi mSobeli arc ki cdilobs Svilis sabavSvo baRSi daregistrirebas, radgan winaswar icis, Tu ra pirobebi daxvdeba iq mis Svils: „miuxedavad didi survilisa, Svilis saxelmwifo sabavSvo baRSi miyvanas ar vapireb. Cems saxlTan axlos mdebare baRebis Sesaxeb bevri ram vici. jer erTi, daregistrireba Zalian rTulia, meorec - jgufebSi 30 da 40 bavSvi zis erTad da aRmzrdelebi yvelas saTanado yuradRebas ver aqceven. namdvilad ar minda, Svili arasaimedo garemoSi myavdes. ki vici, rom sabavSvo baRi bavSvis ganviTarebisTvis aucilebelia, magram kerZo baRebSi didi gadasaxadia, xolo saxelmwifo baRis axlandel pirobebSi namdvilad ver davtoveb Svils. isev mirCevnia, saerTod ar iaros baRSi da mSvidad viyo.“- ambobs Tbilisis mcxovrebi qeTi asaTiani. Tbilisis # 46-e sabavSvo baRis erT-erTi aRmzrdelis TqmiT, baRSi bavSvebis raodenobis mxriv, Zalian rTuli mdgomareobaa: „CvenTan TiTqmis yvela jgufSi ormocamde

bavSvia. aRmzrdels Zalian uWirs procesis normalurad warmarTva. ormagad rTulia inkluziur jgufebTan muSaoba, radgan gansakuTrebuli saWiroebis bavSvebs meti yuradReba sWirdebaT, rodesac 40 kacian jgufSi ori an sami bavSvia autizmis sindromiT, sagakveTilo procesi TiTqmis iSleba. aRmzrdeli ver axerxebs yuradRebis gadanawilebas amden bavSvze. viTarebas aseve arTulebs is faqti, rom janmrTelobis mizeziT baRis yovel gacdenaze mSobels moeTxoveba janmrTelobis cnoba, romelic 20 lari Rirs da imisTvis, rom mSoblebma Tavidan aicilon damatebiTi xarjebi, Tu bavSvs Zalian maRali sicxe ar aqvs, mainc mohyavT baRSi - es xdeba imis mizezi, rom sxva bavSvebic advilad avaddebian. xuTi gacdenis Semdeg bavSvi baRidan iricxeba, rac, TavisTavad, cudia, magram, meore mxriv, baRSi sxva bavSvisTvis Tavisufldeba adgili, swored aseT dros SeiZleba, rom mSoblebma mogvianebiT daaregistriron TavianTi Svilebi.“ baRebis marTvis saagentoSi miiCneven, rom am problemis gadaWra maTi prerogativa ar aris. isini amboben, rom maT evalebaT, uzrunvelyon baRebSi saswavlo procesis gamarTulad mimdinareoba. rac Seexeba baRs miRma darCenil bavSvebs da gadavsebul jgufebs, saagentos TanamSromlebis TqmiT, es proble-

ma qalaqis meriam unda gadaWras: „dedaqalaqis munici palitetma axali baRebis mSenebloba unda daiwyos.“ baRebis marTvis saagentos sazogadoebasTan urTierTobis menejerma sofo xoStariam aRniSna, rom Tbilisis baRebs daemata rkinigzis Zveli baRis Senoba, romelsac axla saremonto samuSaoebs utareben, raTa ianvarSi jgufebi

gaixsnas. is adasturebs, rom samomavlod TbilisSi igegmeba baRebis mSenebloba, Tumca maTs raodenobasa da aSenebis vadebs ver asaxelebs.


5

mediatori

bunebrivi cikli "konfliqtisa"

sofo qemaSvili

TaobaTa Soris konfliqti bunebrivicaa da logikuric. igi yvela periodSi Tavisi damaxasiaTebeli moTxovnebiT gamoirCeoda. jer kidev ilias dros igi gamoixata mamebisTvis nacionaluri TviTSegnebis moSlis braldebaSi, xolo, Tavis mxriv, mamebi eWvis TvaliT uyurebdnen Svilebis liberalobas, demokratias, Tavisuflebis moyvareobis Jins. dRes kidev sxva problemebi dgas. rogorc Tbilisis saxelmwifo universitetis leqtori, fsiqologi lili xeCuaSvili acxadebs, mSoblebis mier danergil Rirebulebebs, nawili axalgazrdebisa sruliad cvlis. zogierTi nawilobriv, zogic-ucvlelad itovebs maT. es damokidebulia imaze, Tu rogor gadasinjaven am yvelafers gardatexis asakSi: “bavSvebi Tavidan iazreben im naswavls da raRac moswonT, raRac - ara. rac mogwons, imas itoveb da rac ar mogwons - imas ukuagdeb.~ dRes es konfliqtebi mxolod erT mxares warmoadgens, da isic zogadad yvelas ar exeba, ra Tqma unda, magram mainc wamoweulia mozardebis aratolerantuli damokidebuleba aratradiciuli oriantaciis mqone admianebis mimarT, skepticizmi eklesiis, rogorc institutisadmi; `naklebad arian `Semwynareblebi~, magaliTad, seqsualuri umciresobebis mimarT.~, `mamaCemi konservantia da xSirad Sexedulebebs ver vamTxvevT, Tumca problemebi mxolod religiur sakiTxebze msjelobisas gveqmneba, is morwmunea, me Tanamedrove eklesiur mdgomareobas vebrZvi~ – aRniSna orma axalgazrdam gamokiTxvisas. `problema Cndeba maSin, rodesac es Rirebulebebi radikalurad gansxvavebulia da konfliqturi situaciis Seqmna bunebrivia. mSoblisTvis imis miReba, imis gaazreba, rom man Svili `aseTi~ gazarda, sxvanairi undoda gamosuliyo da gamovida sxvanairi, vinaidan

ia asaTiani axalgazrdebi, moswavleebi da asakovani adamianebic ki metros sadgurebSi yuTiT xelSi mogviwodeben, davexmaroT bavSvebs an mSenebare eklesiebs. saqvelmoqmedo fondebis ricxvma rom sagrZnoblad imata, amis amsaxvel realobas metroSi TiTqmis yvela Cvengani xvdeba. yovel sadgurze SexvdebiT saqvelmoqmedo fondebis sxvadasxva formian TanamSromlebs, sasuliero pirebs an arasrulwlovanebs, romlebic sanTelsa da flaers gaCeCeben xelSi, raTa waikiTxo da yidvis survili gagiCndes. N nini 10 wlisaa, misTvis kompiuteri da musika ara mxolod garTobisa da dasvenebis saSualebebi, aramed mTeli samyaroc kia, Tu SeiZleba ase iTqvas. mondemebuli da warmatebuli moswavle, cdlobs, iyos damoukidebeli, sxvisi daxmarebis gareSe rTavs kompiuters, youtube-sac, sadac sayvarel animaciebsa da sabavSvo gadacemebs uyurebs. yovelTvis icis sad devs misi nivTebi, amitom saxlSi Tavadac midis asaRebad, dedis daxmarebis gareSe.Aninis meore gataceba musikaa, SeeZlo, saaTobiT mjdariyo televizorTan da musikaluri gadacemebisTvis esmina, axla kiDdedis telefonSi damoukideblad rTavs nato gelaSvilis simRerebs. miuxedavad imisa, rom garegnulad araCveulebrivad gamoiyureba, ninis nervuli aSliloba jer kidev 1 wlisas daudgines. qeTevani, ninis deda - `1 wlisas Zili aeria da nevropaTologTan waviyvaneT, iq daudgines autizmi, mizezi, ramac es aSliloba gamoiwvia, ase vTqvaT, daudgenelia.Nnel-nela mdgomareobam gauaresaba daiwyo. nini ucxo sxeulebs Wamda: Zafebs, rkinis nivTebs, axlac, yuradRebas Tu ar aqcev, yvelafers pirSi idebs. saerTod ar laparakobs da Zalian advilad brazeba. imis gamo, rom ReWvis refleqsi kargad ar aqvs ganviTarebuli, specialuri kveba sWirdeba,Aaseve mudmivad gvWird-

imas sxva ram moswons da mas ar momwons is sxva ram ... konfliqtic modis iqidan, rom mSoblebs uWirT Svilis damoukideblobis, zrdasrulobis aRiareba, da im faqtis gacnobiereba da miReba, rom gazrdil Svils SeiZleba raRac piraduli hqondes, ar geTanxmebodes da iyos absoluturad gansxvavebuli.~ – ambobs qalbatoni lili; erTma gogom aseTi `ZiriTadi ram mogvwera kiTxvarSi: problemebia sazogadoebrivi qcevis mimarT gansxvavebuli damokidebulebebi, Tumca konfliqtamde rom ar mivideT, iseT Temebze, razec ver vTanxmdebiT, arc vsaubrobT.~ - qalbatono lili, ramdenad aris siCume gamosavali,maSin,rodesac raime sakiTxis mimarT Svilebi da mSoblebi ver Tanxmdebian? - Tu Sedegia is, rom konfliqti aRar xdeba, es aris gamosavali, meore mxarea, am siCumes sadamde mihyavs adamianebi ... rodesac Svili irCevs dumils, aq didi wili aris mSoblis brali, imitom, rom dumils irCevs Svili im SemTxvevaSi, rodesac darwmunebulia, rom misi azris gamoTqmas, moyveba konfliqti. SeiZleba, mSobeli sxvanairad fiqrobde, magram imis gamo, rom SvilTan urTierToba ar gagifuWdes da misi ndoba da siaxlove, Tu manmade gqonda, ginda, rom ar daikargos, jobs, es Seni azrebi SenTvis Seinaxo; SeiZleba ar eTanxmebode, magram mousmino mainc, rodesac Svils ar aqvs garantia, imisa, rom yoveli misi naTqvami konfliqts ar gamoiwvevs, logikuria, rom gaCumdes da saerTod ar isaubros amaze. amas Sedegad moaqvs is, rom xmauri, yayani da Cxubi aRar aris ojaxSi, magram amas Tavisi uaryofiTi mxarec aqvs. iwyeba gaucxoeba mSoblebsa da Svilebs Soris; ufro naklebad moundeba Svils, rom dedas da mamas piradi cxovrebis Sesaxeb mouyves. amas Semdegi Semdegi rgoli mohyveba jaWvSi, mSoblebi iTxoven, icodnen yvelaferi sakuTari Svilebis Sesaxeb da Svilebi imdenad iketebian, rom mere aRarafers amboben. es ukve axali konfliqtis wyaroa. konfliqturi urTierToba mSoblebsa da Svilebs Soris am ukanasknelTa TviTdamkvidrebaze sociumSi rogor aisaxeba? TviTdamkvidreba ra mimarTululebiT, 20-dan 29 wlis periodSi ori mimarTulebiT xdeba sociumSi Tavis damkvidreba. erTi - es aris profesiuli niSa da meorea - piradi urTierTobebi. ori sxvadasxva sfero aqvT, xSirad, erTmaneTis gamomricxavi. mSoblebTan konfliqturi urTierToba SeiZleba, aisaxebodes oriveze, SeiZleba arc erTze da SeiZleba

romelimeze, es Zalian individualuria. konfliqti Tu exeba profesiis arCevas, SeiZleba aisaxos profesiis arCevaze, Tu mSobels unda, rom Svili eqimi gamovides, xolo Svils mxatvroba unda da aiZules, rom Caebarebina samedicinoze, es, ra Tqma unda, aisaxeba da Zalian cudadac aisaxeba bavSvis momavalze. igi verc kargi eqimi dadgeba da ver iqneba realizebuli. sabolood, SeiZleba daubrundes pirvel arCevans, Tu ar aqcevs yuradRebas da Tavis azrs `erekeba~, maSin ar aisaxeba, es iseTi sakiTxia, rom calsaxa pasuxi ar arsebobs. yovel konkretul SemTxvevaSi sxvadasxvanairad xdeba. Tu zogadad SevxedavT, zogadad mouwesrigebeli urTierTobebi aisaxeba sxva urTierTobebze, saqmianobazec, magram ara yovelTvis. - ra gavlenas axdens xalxi Svilebisa da mSoblebis urTierTobebze? - Cven koleqtiuri kusturisken vixrebiT da saSualod, zogadi suraTi rom giTxraT... raRaca rols TamaSobs, albaT, Tundac imitom, rom eCxubeba gaCerdi, Torem mezoblebi gaigeben, esec iyos da, SesaZloa Tundac imitom ar Sedges konfliqti bolomde, rom xma gareT ar gavides. xalxSi gaaCnia, vis vigulisxmebT, konkretul ti pebs Tu zogad Riebulebebs, romlebic xalxSia gavrcelebuli. - Rirebulebebs. es Rirebulebebi isedac aris CvenSi, im sazogadoebis Rirebulebebi, romelTa garemocvaSic Cven vizrdebiT, is viRac mezobeli iqneba, konkretuli xatis saxiT mocemuli, naTesavi, Tu Rirebulebebi CemSi, romlis mqonec is adamianebic arian da mec, ukve sul erTia, fizikurad iqneba Tu ara viRaca, RirebulebaTa sistema TavisTavad moiazrebs im danarCen sociumsac, es Rirebulebebi Cemi piradi xom ar aris marto, Rirebulebas socialuri garemo gvaswavlis, imas, rac misaRebia im garemoSi, xoda amitom sociumi gaTvaliswinebulia praqtikulad da is konfliqtic, romelic modis Zvel Rirebulebasa da axali Rirebulebis dapirispirebis dros, swored aqedan modis. ramdenad amarTlebs akrZalvebi da is damokidebuleba, rodesac mSobeli distancias iCens Svilis mimarT, agrZnobinebs rom `me deda var~ da `Sen Svili~, ramdenad Sedegiania es? - gaaCnia, ra ti pis akrZalvebze vlaparakobT, akrZalva axsnis gareSe aris arafris momcemi,SeiZleba im wuTSi ar gaakeTos raRaca, magram rac ufro metad aukrZalav, mere miT ufro meti ZaliT ecados rom, dro

ixelTos, gasaZromi naxos da is akrZaluli mainc gaakeTos, gaaCnia axla ras gulisxmobT. - magaliTad, saRamoTi gareT gasvlis akrZalva, megobrebis arCeva.. mozardisTvis megobari ufro meti avtoritetia, vidre mSobeli. Tvrameti wlis zemoT? - Tvrameti wlis zemoT, Zalian radikaluri viqnebi, rom vityvi, magram mozardobis periodis mere, skolas rom amTavrebs, swavlas rom TviTon irCevs, ideaSi, profesias da a.S. ar aris mSoblis saqme, visTan imegobrebs, Cems ToTxmeti wlis Svils, namdvilad, axlac ver avurCev megobrebs, imitom, rom iman ukeT icis, visTan grZnobs Tavs karagad, 4 wlisas da 7 wlisas SeiZleba aurCio, Tineijers ki veRar aurCev, imitom, rom misTvis is ufro Rirebulia, vidre Seni azri da mSobelma gardatexis periodSi unda scados, rom ar dakargos Svilis ndoba da is pativiscema, rac hqonda, imitom, rom rogorc ki dapirispirebaSi Seva mozard SvilTan, is Svili TavisTavad, logikuria, rom megobrebs airCevs da ara Sen, amitom mSobeli sakuTari Tavis winaaRmdeg gamodis, ese gamodis mSoblis poziciidan rom vilaparakoT, amitom dapirispireba da akrZalva bevrs arafers moitans, Tu maincdamainc ar mogwons is viRaca konkretuli megobrebi da Tu gaqvs safuZveli da argumentiebuli pozicia, ratom ar mogwons, saukeTeso gamosavalia, rom daisva Svili da uTxra, is SeiZleba marto kargi mxridan xedavdes im megobars da sxva mxare ar icodes, an ar undodes, rom dainaxos, magram Sen Tu Tvals auxel da is obieqturad Sexedavs, mere TviTon miiRebs gadawyvetilebas, unda Tu ara eseT adamianTan megobroba. rodesac 20 wlis da ufro metis xar, Sen ufleba gaqvs, airCio rogorc Seni profesia, aseve Seni viwro socialuri wre, mSoblis Careva sakmaod arakoreqtulia, modi ase vTqvaT, rac ufro metad Cauyofs mSobeli Svilis cxovrebaSi cxvirs, Tu Svils es ar moswons, miT ufro gaRrmavdeba ufskruli maT Soris da SeiZleba daudges is dRe, rom Svili ise wavides sazRvargareT saswavleblad an samuSaod, rom mSobelma verc gaigos. es hi poTeturi magaliTia, ra Tqma unda, amiT SegviZlia, warmovidginoT, sadamde SiZleba mivides problema. madloba qalbaton lilis saintereso saubrisTvis.

biznesi Tu qvelmoqmedeba?!

eba pampersic. eqimebma kvlevebis Semdeg daadgines, rom TavSi kista aqvs. dRis centrSi - `pirveli nabiji~ - ukve xuTi welia, dadis, ramac didi progresi mogvca, Tundac - is, rom bavSvi garegnulad araCveulebrivad gamoiyureba. avtobuSi asvlisTanave dasajdoms eZebs, Tu ver poulobs, jdeba, sadac adgils naxavs, xalxi gakvirvebuli uyrebs, me ki vuxsni, rom bavSvs problema aqvs da vTxov, dasvan. nini sajaro skolaSic damyavda, iq erT gakveTilze Zlebda, yvelaze metad musikis gakveTili uyvars, magram, rac avad var, veRar damyavs, tkivilebs gamayuCeblebiT vebrZvi, 1 Tvea, rac mkerdis avTvisebiani simsivne damidgines, sadazRvevo kompania `alfam~ ki gamawama, 12 dRea, velodebi pasuxs, damifinansebs Tu ara operacias. Cven socialurad daucvelebi varT da, amasTanave, naqiravebSi vcxovrobT. Ojaxis Semosavali 600 lars ar aRemateba, arada ninis sWirdeba operacia, romelic 30 000 evro jdeba. erT dRes SemTxveviT Sevxvdi quCaSi am fondis warmomadgenlebs, Cems ambavs movuyevi,

isini movidnen, bavSvi gaicnes da mas Semdeg finansurad gvexmarebian. isini fuls sistematurad miricxaven, rac mexmareba, ninosTvis aucilebeli nivTebisa da produqtebis sayidlad. M meriac gvexmareba xolme, magaliTad, `dRis centrSi~ swavlebis Tanxas - 220 lars - is gvixdis da, aseve, yovel zafxuls 12-dRian sagzurebs gvaZlevs ureksa da borjomSi mxolod me da ninis, ra Tqma unda, misi janmrTelobis gasaumjobeseblad. Tu ninis operacia ar gaukeTdeba, savaraudod, mxedvelobisa da gadaadgilebis problemebi Seeqmneba.~ laSa gvasalia saqvelmoqmedo fondis `kvali naTelis~ koordinatori `kvali naTeli~ 1996 wels daarsda da mas Semdeg moRvaweobs. reestrSic aris Sesabamisi dokumentacia. me am fondSi mxolod 1 Tvea, daviwye muSaoba koordinatorad. informacias dasaxmarebel bavSvebze quCaSi vpoulobT, xalxi Tavad gvaCerebs da gviyveba Tavis gasaWirs, Cven Semdeg vamowmebT da vcdilobT,

davexmaroT. Tanxas aucileblad bankis angariSze 5-10 dReSi erTxel vuricxavT. samwuxarod, dResdReobiT ukiduresma miusafarebmac daiWires `saqvelmoqmedo~ yuTebi xelSi da maTi umravlesoba piradi interesisTvis muSaobs, riTac sxvebsac gaufuWes saxeli. nebismieri msurvelisTvis, vinc gvTxovs, vaCvenoT sabuTebi, SegviZlia bankis qviTrebis, amonawerebis Cveneba da, saWiroebis SemTxvevaSi, beneficiarTan misvlac. yofila SemTxvevebi, rom daukavebiaT yuTebi da saerTod gamqralan, axla ki im yuTebiT quCaSi dganan da `kvali naTelis~ saxeliT daxmarebas iTxoven. sanam am fondSi movidodi, sxvagan vmuSaobdi. bavSvis dasaxmareblad saqvelmoqmedo koncerti gavakeTeT, sadac sul 990 lari Semovida. Tanxa xeluxleblad gadaveciT ojaxs, Tumca Tanxis arasrulad gadacemaSi dagvadanaSaules, miuxedavad imisa, rom yuTi TviTon ojaxis wevrma gaxsna. zogi ver xedavs, ramxela sikeTes ukeTbs ucxo adamiani da kidev meti unda, es Cvens bunebaSia.~ Aarsebobs uamravi sxva fondi. `momavlis imedi bavSvebs~, romlis direqtoric qalbatoni Teona axalkaciSvilia, es fondi 2013 wlis ivlisSi Camoyalibda. maT saqvelmoqmedo koncertic gamarTes patara Tornikes dasaxmareblad. Tornike amJamad 8 Tvisaa da saylapavi milis simsivne aqvs. Aarsebobs `imedis sxivi 2013~, romelic levkemiiT daavadebul bavSvebs exmareba da uamravi sxva fondi Tu, ubralod, adamianebi, romlebic yuTiT xelSi axlobels an vinme ucxos exmarebian. Mmas Semdegac ki, rac 26 noembers metros policiam akrZala `saqvelmoqmedo~ yuTebiT siaruli, erT-erTma pirovnebam, romelic adre mowyalebas iTxovda, policiisgan damalvis axali meTodi SeimuSava: mis `saqvelmoqmedo~ yuTsac arc registraciis nomeri da sabanko angariSi hqonda da arc organizaciis dasaxele-

ba ewera. Axla igiDdidi celofniT dadis da masSi Camalul yuTs xelsayrel momentSi iRebs, ase iTxovs mowyalebas `3 wlis gogonasTvis~, xolo kiTxvaze - sad SeiZleba vnaxoT Tavad bavSvi, pasuxs ver gvaZlevs. metroSi xSirad SexvdebiT arasrulwlovnebs, romlebic sanTlebs yidian `eklesiis dasaxmareblad~. erT-erT maTganTan gasaubrebisas, romelic, misi TqmiT, ambrolauris raionis sofel ximSis wminda giorgis saxelobis eklesias exmareba, aRmoCnda, rom mTeli informacia sicrue iyo. kordinatorad dagvisaxela adamiani, romelic miTiTebul adgilas arasodes yofila. sanTlebis `biznesSi~ mxolod arasrulwlovnebi ar arian Cabmuli. Tsu-is pirvel korpusTan gamoCnda ori biWi, romlebic quTaisSi buxaiZis quCaze mSenebare eklesias exmarebian, maT mier mocemuli moZRvris nomeri, ararealuri aRmoCnda. sapatriarqos gancxadebiT, biWebs kurTxeva ara aqvT msgavsi saqmianobisTvis da, ara marto maT, saeklesio pirebsac ekrZaleba SemowirulebisTvis metroSi an sazogadoebrivi TavSeyris sxva adgilebSi dgoma. msgavsi faqtebidan gamomdinare, SeiZleba aseTi daskvna gamovitanoT. arsebobs saqvelmoqmedo arasmTavrobo organizaciebi, romlebic namdvilad exmarebian gaWirvebul adamianebs, magram maTi raodenoba ar utoldeba saqvelmoqmedo organizaciebis realur ricxvs. quCaSi Sexvedrisas rTulia, gaarkvio vin emsaxureba qvelmoqmedebas da vin - bizness, radgan yvela erTsa da imaves amtkicebs: `Cven vexmarebiT gaWirvebulebs.~ xolo calkeuli pirebi, yuTebiT da sanTlebiT xelSi, araviTar qvelmoqmedebas ar ewevian, yovel SemTxvevaSi, amis damadasturebeli araviTari faqti da dokumenti ar arsebobs.


6

mediatori

qvelmoqmedi veteranis cxovreba sofo burduli apolon CiCxaSvili, meore msoflio omisa da samxedro Zalebis veterani, gadamdgari vice-polkovniki, veteranTa moZraobis lideri da Rirsebis ordenis kavaleria. 84 wlis veteranis cxovreba Tavisi asakis adamianebis cxovrebisgan radikalurad gansxvavebulia. rogorc Tavad ambobs, Tavisufali dro TiTqmis ar aqvs da mTel dRes muSaobaSi atarebs. Rirsebis ordenis kavaleri axla veteranTa moZraobis lideria da Tavis TanamoazreebTan erTad aqtiur cxovrebas eweva. apoloni qvelmoqedebiTaa dakavebuli da, Tavis megobrebTan da TanamoazreebTan erTad, gaWirvebulebs exmareba. daxmarebis xels uwvdis maT, visac yvelaze metad sWirdeba es. qvelmoqmedi veteranis saqmianoba iseTive dasafasebelia, rogorc misi monawileoba meore msoflio omSi. Aapoloni ambobs : `Tavisufali dro TiTqmis ar maqvs, mTeli cxovreba vibrZvodi, vmuSaobdi sxvadasxva Tanamdebobaze, dRes ki veteranTa moZraobis lideri var da Cems megobrebTan erTad gaWirvebul adamianebs vexmarebi. gaWirvebulebs produqtebiT, tansacmliT, fexsacmliT, sayofacxovrebo nivTebiT vamaragebT. isini eqskursiebzec xSirad dagvyvavs..bolos, magaliTad, varZia davaTvaliereT. dro ar maqvs, sul vmuSaobT. garda amisa, Cems veteran megobrebsac did yuradRebas vuTmob da erTmaneTTanac xSirad davdivarT.~ Qqvelmoqmedi veterani warmoSobiT raWvelia. is 1929 wlis 7 noembers onis raionis sofel glolaSi daibada. Tumca, iq didxans ar ucxovria, CiCxaSvilebis ojaxi adigenis raionSi gadaasaxles da apolonma

Tamar faiqriZe

skolac raionSi daamTavra. profesiiT mSenebelia, Tumca samxedro saqmianoba ufro izidavda. diviziis orwliani skolis damTavrebis Semdeg apoloni baltiis zRvaze aRmoCnda, sadac 5 wlis ganmavlobaSi jarSi msaxurobda. 1941 wlis Sua xanebisTvis germaniam sabWoTa kavSiris winaaRmdeg omis samzadisi daasrula da 22 ivniss, omis gamoucxadeblad, Tavis mokavSireebTan erTad daesxa sabWoTa kavSirs. daiwyo omi sabWoTa kavSirsa da germanias Soris, igi ruseTis istoriaSi `didi samamulo omis~ saxeliTaa cnobili. Tumca, sabWoTa ruseTis mier dapyrobili saqarTvelosTvis es omi samamulo ar iyo. miuxedavad amisa, sabWoTa sinamdvileSi aRzrdil adamianTa nawilisTvis, romelTa fsiqologiaze sistematurad moqmedebda sabWoTa propaganada, omma patriotuli xasiaTic ki miiRo. saqarTvelo, rogorc sabWoTa kavSiris mokavSire respublika, omSi CaTreuli aRmoCnda. omis veteran apolon CiCxaSvils,kargad axsovs 1942 weli, roca mamisonis uReltexilze germanelebis winaaRmdeg ibrZoda. Tavisi moxerxebiTa da iRbliT is arc erTxel ar daWrila brZolis velze, amas siamayiT ixsenebs. meore msoflio omis dasrulebis Semdeg, is partiuli komitetis mdivnad muSaobda. Semdeg mSeneblobisa da, bolos, Tavdacvis saministroSi ganagrZo muSaoba. meuRle didi xnis win gardaecvala, ori Svili darCa. zafxulobiT xSirad dadis mSobliur raWaSi. mogrovil produqtebs, tansacmelsa Tu sayofacxovrebo nivTebs raWaSi gaWirvebulebsac uziarebs. is da misi megobrebi sxvadasxva organizaciebs daxmarebas sTx-

oven da qvelmoqmedebisTvis gankuTvnil yuTebs maTi yuradRebiTa da TanadgomiT avseben. erT-erTi organizaciis TanamSromeli - cisana rexviaSvili apolon CiCxaSvils ase axasiaTebs : `is namdvili qvelmoqmedia. miuxedavad didi asakisa, Zalian energiuli, mxiaruli da muSaobisTvis motivirebulia. orgnizaciaSi xSirad modis, gaWirvebulTaTvis Cven mier Segrovebuli nivTebi miaqvs da urigebs. keTil saqmes akeTebs da muSaoba ufasdeba kidec. Cven is Zalian gviyvars da did pativs vcemT.~ MkiTxvaze, Tu ras usurvebs

meore msoflio omis veterani da Rirsebis ordenis kavaleri saqarTvelos, man ase mi pasuxa: `saqarTvelos aRorZinebas, gabrwyinebas da,rac mTavaria,gamTlianebas vusurveb. vocnebob, rom namdvili demokratiuli, saxelmwifoSevqmnaT da mowinave evropul saxelmwifoTa Soris Rirseuli adgili davikavoT~ . sainteresoa is faqti, rom apoloni sabWoTa kavSiris dros partiuli komitetis mdivnad muSaobda. mTeli cxovreba totalitarul samyaroSi gaatara. cxovrobda sistemaSi, sadac Tvalyurs adevnebdnen moqalaqeTa cxovrebis yvela aspeqts. `Tavisuflebebi~ mxolod qaRaldze arsebobda. Ddisidentebs saxelmwifo represiebi da mZime sasjeli eloda, romelTagan usaSinlesi iyo daxvreta an `gulagis~ tyveobaSi moxvedra. Mamis miuxedavad, totalitarulma kontrolma da saxelmwifoebrivma ZaladobamOveteranis azrovnebas daRi ver daasva. is dRes demokratiis damcvelia da ambobs, rom saqarTvelos winsvla mniSvnelovnad aris dakavSirebuli Cveni qveynis evroatlantikur integraciasTan. Mmeore morCeuli

msoflio

veterani

omis

ganagrZobs

gaaqti-

ur samoqalaqo cxovrebas. miuxedavad imisa, rom ukve 84

wlisaa, asaks ar

uSindeba da yoveldRiurad muSaobs. eZebs Tanamoazreebs, sxvaTa bis

saxsrebs, zrunavs

daxmare-

gaWirvebuleb-

ze da Rirseulad asrulebs veteranTa

moZraobis

lideris

movaleobas.

saqarTvelos "mowamluli" regionebi

urbanizaciis process ekologiuri problemebi bunebrivad Tan axlavs. ekologiis Temaze momuSave eqspertebi da arasamTavrobo organizaciebi Cvens qveyanaSi ekologiis sakiTxs erTerT yvelaze uyuradRebod miiCneven. maTi azriT, dReisaTvis, saqarTveloSi garemos dacva prioritetul sferod ar iTvleba. dedaqalaqSi aRniSnuli problema mwvaved dgas, Tumca situacia bevrad ufro mZimea im regionebSi, sadac onkologiuri daavadebebi, statistikurad, yvelaze maRalia. dabinZurebuli sasmeli wyali da haeri, dazianebuli gza, romlis garkveuli monakveTebi feroSenadnobTa qarxnis sawarmoo narCeniT- widiT aris amovsebuli, manganumis Ria karierebi (gauqmebuli sabadoebi) da kidev mrvali sxva problema wlebia Riad rCeba zestafonisa da WiaTuris mosaxleobisTvis. WiaTuris munici palitetis soflebi niadagimdidaria bunebrivi wiaRiseuliT- manganumiT, romelsac saukuneze metia moi poveben. Tumca imis gamo, rom aq wiaRiseuli wesebis dacviT ar moi poveba, Sesabamisad, gaCnda kidec uamravi problema, maT Soris umTavresi-onkologiuri daavadebebia. WiaTuris municipalitetis saavadmyofos pediatri malxaz wereTeli gazeT “24 saaTTan” saubarSi acxadebs: “WiaTuraSi gaxSirda sasunTqi da gulsisxlZarRvTa sistemebis daavadebaTa SemTxvevebi. manganumi mikroelementia da biologiur sistemebSi sxvadasxva rols asrulebs, monawileobs insultis warmoqmnaSi. amave dros, marganeci Zliertoqsikuria da “nervulSxamsac” uwodeben. misi mtveri organizmSi, ZiriTadad, sasunTqi gzebiT xvdeba. Semdeg grovdeba ZvlebSi, Tavis tvinSi, RviZlSi, TirkmelSi. xangrZlivi droiT zemoqmedebisas ziandeba centraluri nervuli sistema, sunTqviTi sistema, kuWnawlavis traqti. misi Warbi koncentracia seriozul genetikur cvlilebebs iwvevs. es yvelaferi ki,

onkologiuri daavadebebisTvis noyier niadags qmnis.” manganumis karierebi, saidanac warmoebisTvis gamosadegi madani mTlianad gamotanilia, zogan uzarmazari qvabulebis saxiT, metwilad upatronodaa mitovebuli. qalaqis mimdebare ferdobebze arsebuli karierebidan Zlieri wvimebisa da qaris dros wamosuli toksikurad saSiSi nivTierebebi pirdapir qalaqsa da mis SemogareSi ileqeba. specialistebis gancxadebiT, mZime toqsikuri liTonebis, maT Soris fenolisa da nitrogenis Semcvelobis manganumis mtveri safrTxes uqmnis WiaTuris munici palitetis mosaxleobis janmrTelobas da ekosistemas. WiaTuris manganumis qarxana 2009 wlidan 49-wliani marTvis uflebiT ukrainel investors gadaeca da kompania “jorjian manganezis” mflobelobaSia.Aadgilobrivma mcxovrebma lia RuRuniSvilma gazeT “24 saaTTan” saubarSi aRniSna, rom ucxoeli investori, winamorbedTa msgavsad, ar Cqarobs Ria karierebis niadagis aRdgenas: ”yvelas, vinc bolo periodSi daiRupa simsivne hqonda. amis mizezia is, rom manganumis mopovebisas wesebs aravin icavs. Ria karierebi datovebulia.” saerTaSoriso standartebiT, niadagidan manganumis gamotanis Semdeg, rekultivacia unda moxdes. specialistebis ganmartebiT, manganumis mosapovebeli samuSaoebis dawyebamde kompaniam zedapiridan sasargeblo fena unda moxsnas da daasawyobos. Semdeg fuWi qani amoiRos da manganumis mopoveba daiwyos. procesis bolos, Ria karierSi fuWi qani Cayaros, zemodan ki dasawyobebuli sasargeblo fena unda daewyos. daxuruli sabados teritoriaze unda daiTesos ionja, dairgos xeebi da 3 wlis ganmavlobaSi niadagi sasuqiT ganayofirdes. es saerTaSoriso standartia, romlis Sesrulebis valdebulebac “jorjian manganezs” garemos dacvis saministrom daakisra. swored am valdebulebis SeusruleblobaSi sdebs brals kompanias adgilobrivi mosaxleoba da asociacia “WiaTurelTa kavSiri”. aRniSnuli kompaniis mflobelobaSi aseve Sedis zestafonis feroSenadnobTa sawarmo, romelic 1933 wlidan moqmedebs. aRniSnul qalaqSi feroSenadnobTa qarxnis mSenebloba, ZiriTadad, ori faqtoriT iyo ganpirobebuli: 1) WiaTuris manganumis sabadosTan mezobloba da 2) siaxlove magistralur gzebTan da portebTan. droTa ganmavlobaSi, qarxana eleqtroRumelebis simZlavreTa zrdisa da dabali xarisxis manganumis madnis gamoyenebis gamo, garemos dabinZurebis erTerT wyarod gadaiqca. zestafonSi Seqmnili umZimesi ekologiuri mdgomareoba didi xania aSfoTebT garemos damcvel arasamTavrobo organizaciebs, romlebic viTarebis Secvlis moTxovniT, periodulad, saprotesto aqciebs marTaven, Tumca yvelaze metad haeris dabinZurebiT Tavad adgilobrivi mosaxleobaa Sewuxebuli. zestafoneli mosaxleobis SeSfoTebas bolo wlebis statistikuri monacemebi iwvevs, romelSic onkologi-

ur daavadebaTa zrdis tendecia Cans. 2007 wels daavadebis 982 SemTxveva dafiqsirda, 2009 wels 1067, xolo 2011 wlisTvis 1133. 2012 wlis aprilSi sawarmom haerSi ramdenjerme gaafrqvia mavne nivTierebebi, riTac seriozuli ziani miadga munici palitetis mosaxleobas. imxanebSive gavrcelda adgilobrivi operatoris, SoTa feraZis mier gadaRebuli videoCanaweri, romelSic Cans, rogor ifrqveva qarxnidan haerSi gaurkveveli nivTiereba. am faqtze reagireba arasamTavrobo da garemos dacvis organizaciebma maleve moaxdines. Semowmebis Sedegad aRmoCnda, rom qarxnis xelmZRvanelobis mier Semotanilia marokos madani, romelsac ar gaaCnia serTifikati, aris tyviis Semcvleli da momwamvleli. saRamoobiT gazgamwmendi iTiSeboda da mavne nivTierebebi haerSi ifrqveoda. “sawarmo garemoze zemoqmedebis nebarTvis gareSe muSaobs, permanentulad xdeba haerSi mavne nivTierebebis gafrqveva, ugulebelyofilia standartebi da ar aris dayenebuli gamwmendi filtrebi”- ganacxada “ekologiuri samarTlis centris” iuristma, nikoloz mJavanaZem. aRsaniSnavia, rom sisxlis samarTlis kodeqsis 306-e muxlis Tanaxmad, Tuki sawarmo aRniSnuli nebarTvis gareSe muSaobs, pasuxismgebel pirebs sam wlamde Tavisuflebis aRkveTa emuqrebaT. garemos dacvis saminitrom ki, 2012 wlis aprilSi momxdar faqtze adminitraciuli samarTaldarRvevis oqmi Seadgina da s.s.”jorjian manganezi” aTi aTasi dolariT daajarima. organizacia “CENN” -is specialistebi iTxoven, rom manganumis mopoveba saerTaSorio standartebis

Sesabamisad daiwyos da aucileblad Cautardes Ria karierebs rekultivacia. Tavismxriv, feroSenadnobTa qarxanaSi gamoicvalos an gaiwmindos arsebuli filtrebi. munici palitetebSi ganTavsdes haeris xarisxis sazomi stacionaruli aparati imisaTvis, rom aRniSnul qalaqebSi cxovreba usafrTxo gaxdes, mZime ekologiuri mdgomareobis gamo munici palitetebi katastrofis winaSe ar dadgnen da teritoriebis mosaxleobisgan dacla aucilebeli ar gaxdes.


7

mediatori

mwerebis afuTqreba borjomSi

18+

ana xaCiZe

mariam cincaZe

bolo wlebia, rac sakmaod didi zarali adgeba borjomis tyeebs. 2008 wlis agvistos xanZris Sedegad 90 000 heqtari tyis farTobi ganadgurda waRverSi. am xanZarma sakmaod didi zarali miayena bunebasa da borjomis klimats da, rac yvelaze mniSvnelovania, borjomis mineralur wylebs. xanZris Semdeg gamoiTqva varaudi, rom SesaZloa, mineraluri wlis nakadi sagrZnoblad Semcirebuliyo, Tumca aseTi ram jer-jerobiT ar momxdara. erTi welic ar iyo gasuli 2008 wlis xanZris Semdeg, rodesac zustad mis mopirdapire mxares, mTebze xanZari gaCnda sofel sadgerTan. bolo dros momxdarma am orma masStaburma xanZarma sakmaod didi zarali miayena borjomis tyeebs. 2 wlis win mwerebmac Seuties borjomis tyeebs. qerqiWamia ti pografma daaziana da gaaxmo unikaluri naZvnari. es aris xoWoebis jgufi qerqiWamiasebrTa ojaxidan. xoWoebi RrRnian qerqs da gareT gamodian. umTavresad etanebian wiwvovani jiSebis Reros da totebis mavneblebi arian, saxldebian dasustebul an xmobadawyebul xeebze. masobrivi gamravlebis dros maT SeuZliaT, rom saRi xeebic

“moweva klavs”! es gamafrTxilebeli warwera axlavs TiToeul sigaretis kolofs. “moweva iwvevs filtvis kobos”, “moweva iwvevs kanis naadrev daberebas”. pirSi sigaretgaCrili eqimisganac xSirad gvsmenia, rom moweva sazianoa, magram etyoba arc ise didi gavlena aqvs organizmze, radganac TviTon eqimi eweva. Tambaqo rom mavnebelia, amaze yvela Tanxmdeba, magram is gansakuTrebiT vnebs arasrulwlovnebs, radgan maTi organizmi Camoyalibebuli ar aris, isini izrdebian da sWirdebaT vitaminebi da gansakuTrebuli yuredReba. Tumca, xSirad, patarebi amas ver acnobiereben da interesis, an sxvebis mimbaZvelobiT sigaretis mowevas iwyeben. quCaSi arc ise iSviaTad SexvdebiT mozardebs, romlebic sigarets ukideben, an ufrosebs mimarTaven SekiTxviT “ukacravad, erTi Reri sigareti xom ar geqnebaT?” da didebic iSviaTad Tu eubnebian uars da TiTqmis ar sayveduroben maT imas, rom adreul asakSi mieCvivnen Tambaqos. erTxel, filologma nana fruiZem aseTi ram moyva: “guSin gaCerebaze lawiraki momidga gverdiT da sigarets moukida. iqneboda ase TerTmeti-Tormeti wlis. Cem garda iq kidev ramdenime ufrosi idga. yvelam gaocebulebma SevxedeT am biWs, magram arcerTma SeniSvna ar miveciT. mec Tavi Sevikave, ar miviCnie sworad sxvis saqmeSi Careva, xolo saRamos, rodesac gavaanalize, Tu ra moxda, Cems Tavze Zalian gavbrazdi! rogor araferi vuTxari! aseTi “Cemi saqme ar aris” damokidebuleba iwiravs bavSvebis janmrTeobas!”. mwevel bavSvTa jgufs xSirad SexvdebiT sadarbazoebSi, sadac isini imalebian da Tu dainaxes ufrosi, saguldagulod malaven sigarets, Tan erTmaneTs akontroleben, rom erTma meroeze meti ar mowios da sxvebsac dautovos, radgan meti sigareti aRar aqvT, orTaviani ki arcerTi maTgani ar aris, rom kidev erTxel gariskos da mamas sigareti moparos. msgavsi jgufebis naxva SegiZliaT parkebsa da, rac unda ga-

“baton kaxas Sevxvdi 2012 wlis dekemberSi, Tumca me mas mivmarTe 2011 wels, ti pografis ganmeorebiT afuTqarebis wina periodSi, rom ramenairad gadagverCina tyeebi.…yvelaferi detalurad avuxseni, Zalian kargad mimiRo. vuTxari, rom me var erTaderTi specialist da Cemi samsaxuridan daTxovniT, faqtobrivad aRiares TavianTi danaSauli, rom maT prognozi ki ara, piradi daintereseba aqvT. 2011 wels, roca ukve gadamxmari iyo tyeebi, agraruli universitetis moTxovniT bunebrivi resursebis saagentom tenderi gamoacxada. me saerTod gverdze gamwies da tenderi Caatares noemberSi, TovlSi da qarbuqSi! es yvelaferi me avuxseni baton kaxas da vuTxari, rom tenderTan dakavSirebiT, did dafinansebasTan erTad, did darRvevas hqonda adgili. gaverkvevi saqmeSi da aucileblad SegatyobinebTo, miTxra, magram aranairi yuradReba aRar gamouCenia! es yvelaferi iyo siyalbe! erT–erT gazeTSi 14 maiss gamovaqveyne statia saTauriT: „tye viRas axsovs?!“ da ai, amitom damiTxoves, gaTavisuflebis TariRad ki 11 maisi Camiweres”. qerqiWamia ti pografs ramdenime welSi erTxel axasiaTebs afuTqreba (gamravelba igulisxmeba). mwerTan sabrZolvedaazianon. swored masobriv gam- lad sanam saqme xis moWramde ravlebas Seuwyo xeli dagvi- miva, saWiroa feromoniani mweranebiT Catarebulma samuSaoeb- saWerebis Camokideba mTel tyema. unda Catarebuliyo tenderi, Si. es aris biologiurad aqtiromelSi gamarjvebuli kompa- uri nivTiereba, romelic mwers niac Semoitanda mwerebis sawi- specifikuri sunis meSveobiT naaRmdego wamals. tenderi dro- izidavs da klavs. 2003 wels, roca Si sakmaod gaiwela da Sedegic pirvelad afuTqarda es mavne saxezea, uamravma daavadebulma mweri, biZina ivaniSvilma satyeo naZvma jansaRi xeebic daaziana. seqtors 60 aTasi feromoniani axla, mwerebis sawinaaRmdego mwersaWeri usasyidlod gadasca. wamlis SemotanasTan erTad saW- miuxedavad aseTi didi raodenoiroa sxva samuSaoebis Catarebac. bisa, es sakmarisi ar aRmoCnda. ’’aucileblad unda gamaisSi kavkasiis garemocxaddes sayovelTao karan- mos dacviTi arasamTavrobo tini! moiWras es xeebi, gaiqerqos, organizaciebis qselis (CENN) damuSavdes specialuri nivTier- mier gavrcelebuli informaciebiT, rom mavne mweris masiuri is Tanaxmad, proeqtis – „kligavrceleba ar moxdes’’- ganacxa- matis cvlilebasTan adaptacia da, biologiis mecnierebaTa do- da bunebrivi katastrofebis qtorma da agraruli universi- riskis Semcireba (CCADM)“ fartetis yofilma TanamSromelma glebSi, UCAID-is finansuri mxmanana WyoiZem “PrimerInfo”-sTan ardaWeriT, CENN-ma borjomis saubrisas. qalbatonma mananam munici palitetis tyis dasacaSesabamisi organoebi mwerebis vad ssi p bunebrivi resursebis masobriv Semosevamde karga xniT saagentos satyeo da veluri adre gaafrTxila, Tumca misi ga- bunebis marTvis departaments frTxileba aravin gaiTvaliswi- gadasca qerqiWamia xoWos 171 na da metic, erTaderTi special- damWeri. qalbaton manana Wyoistic samsaxuridan daiTxoves. iZis gancxadebiT, es proeqti amis Semdeg, qalbatoni manana misasalmebelia, Tumca 171 ferkaxa benduqiZes Sexvda, romelsac omoniani mwersaWeris brZolis arsebul problemaze esaubra: mizniT gamoyeneba zRvaSi wveTia.

an akrZalvis Sesaxeb gafrTxileba TvalsaCino adgilas gamoakran. es ukanaskneli zedmiwevniT kargad sruldeba: patara maRaziasa Tu did supermarketSi, yvelgan vxvdebiT niSans, rom alkoholisa da Tambaqos miyidva akZalulia Tvramet wlamde pirebisTvis, magram garegnuli mxare erTia da realuri moqmedeba - meore. oci wlis irakli imedaZem CemTan saubarSi aseTi ram Tqva: “Cvidmeti wlidan

vewevi da sigarets yovelTvis me TviTon vyidulobdi. arasodes mqonia imis problema, rom vinmes asakis gamo ar moeca Tambaqo. yofila SemTxvevebi, rodesac raRac aqciebSi monawileobasac mTavazobdnen, rom erTis magivrad ori kolofi meyida, an raRac sanTebelas mCuqnidnen. miuxedavad amisa, vTvli, rom arasrulwlovanTaTvis Tambaqos miyidva unda isjebodes.” patara maRaziebsi rigSi dgomis dros bevrjer Semxvedrian patarebi, romlebsac gamyidvlebi Tavisuflad aZlevdnen sigarets. rodesac erT-erT aseT arasrulwlovans vkiTxe, Tu ratom miyides mas sigareti, man mi pasuxa, rom mamamisi eweoda da gamyidvelma icoda, rom mamisTvis miqnda da ara TavisTvis. yofila SemTxvevebi, rodesac skoldan gamosul ramdenime gogonas iqve, skolis gverdiT gaxsnil maRaziaSi aukrefiaT xurdebi da RerebiT uyidiaT sigareti. balerina anano tyeSelaSvilma, romelic Teqvsmeti wlidan eweva, aseTi ram Tqva: “axla ukve Tvrameti wlis var da undaT, ar undaT uwevT CemTvis sigaretis moyidva, magram sanam srulwlovani gavxdebodi iyo SemTxvevebi, roca ar maZlevdnen sigarets, magaliTad saburTaloze, Cemi saxlis gverdiT gaxsnil maRaziaSi.” “nikoras” supermarketis gamyidvelma gogonam, rusudan goginaSvili kiTxvaze, Tu rogor aregulirebs sigaretis gayidvas, mi pasuxa, rom Tu myidvelis srulwlovnebaSi eWvi epareba, sTxovs mas, rom piradobis mowmoba aCvenos, xolo im SemTxvevaSi, Tu Tambaqo sayidlad patara bavSvi midi argumentiT, rom mamam gaagzavna sigaretze, is bavSvs sTxovs, rom mSobeli miiyvanos da mxolod mSobels aZlevs sigarets. faqti ki jiutia. Kkanonis sakviri iyos, skolis saWiro oTax- arsebobis miuxedavad, quCebSi isev ebSi, sadac SevslisTanave kvamli vxvdebiT mwevel bavSvebs. kanonSi da Tambaqos mZafri suni gegebebaT. mavne zegavlenisgan arasrulwlo2001 wlis 1 ianvridan vanTa dacvis Sesaxeb naTqvamia, rom moqmedebs kanoni mavne zegavlenis- meoTxe muxlis darRvevis SemTxgan arasrulwlovanTa dacvis Ses- vevebs ganixilavs saqarTvelos axaxeb, romlis meoTxe muxlSic weria, algazrdobis saqmeTa departamenti rom akrZalulia arasrulwlovan- da gamoaqvs saTanado gadawyvetileTaTvis alkoholuri sasmelebis, ba, magram konkretulad ra aris ludisa da Tambaqos miyidva. aseve sanqciebi mocemuli kanonis darxazi esmeba imas, rom dawesebulebis Rvevis Sesaxeb, miTiTebuli ar aris. xelmZRvanelebi valdebulni ari-


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mediatori

israelSi kibos genze Semowmeba bevr problemasTan aris dakavSirebuli

28 wlis qalma gasul wels sarZeve jirkvalSi simagre SeamCnia. wlebis win kanadaSi mcxovrebma deidam (dedis naxevardam) Caitara gamokvleva da kibos genetikur mutaciaze dadebiTi pasuxi miiRo, ris Sesaxebac man naTesavebs uambo.

hadas modiano, ierusalimis universitetis studenti, dedis daJinebuli Txovnis gamo, apirebs, Seimowmos Tavi. dedamisis magaliTma mas Zala misca. `vfirob, rom ar var iseTi SeSinebuli, rogoric, albaT, unda viyo, imitom, rom vnaxe, ra gzac gaiara dedaCemma. es Zalian rTuli iyo, magram man moaxerxa da daZlia problema.~ - Tqva hadasma.

genetikuri defeqti, romelic xels uwyobs mkerdis kibos warmoqmnas, tamar modiano mixvda, rom es orive qaliSvils dedisgan gadaeca. qalbatonma modianom 47 wlis asakSi mkerdi moikveTa, raTa SeeCerebina avadmyofoba, aqve aRniSna, rom ubednieresi iyo, radgan gaigo, rom mis qaliSvils igive safrTxe ar emuqreboda.

bevri qalisTvis arCevanis gakeTeba sulisSemZvrelia. 43 wlis advokati, romelmac gvTxova, misi saxeli ar gaxmaurebuliyo, mZime mdgomareobaSi aRmoCnda, roca 26 wlisam gaigo Tavisi mavne mutaciis Sesaxeb. igi mxolod 4 wlis iyo, roca deda gardaecvala mkerdis simsivniT. man Tqva, rom 1990 wels pirveli iyo, romelmac genetikuri testi Caitara, roca es israelSi SesaZlebeli gaxda.

axla mas surs, rom misma umcrosma 24 wlis qaliSvilmac Seimowmos janmrTeloba da Tu masac emuqreba mkerdis kiboTi daavadeba, adreulad Seqmnas ojaxi, Semdeg ki Caitaros ormagi sarZeve jirkvlebis amputacia. qalbatoni modianos ufrosi qaliSvili, 29 wlis suzi gaTengo, dedis azrs ar emxroba: `Sen mas sakuTari cxovrebis uflebas ar aZlev. ginda rom adre gaaTxovo. megobari biWic ki ar hyavs da unda Sewyvito misi Seviwroveba! ~ - uTxra 29 wlis suzim dedas, romelmac upasuxa: `Tu is daavadebulia, adre unda gaTxovdes. me misi dacva minda.~ aseTi ojaxuri debatebi dRes israelSi xSiria. msoflios jamrTelobis dacvis organizaciebis TqmiT, mTel msoflioSi mkerdis kibos yvelaze didi maCvenebeli am qveyanaSia. wamyvani mecnierebi muSaoben imaze, Tu rogori unda iyos kibos Semowmebis kampania mTeli eris masStabiT. Semowmebebi axalgazrda qalebs aiZulebs, gaakeTon satanjveli arCevani imis Sesaxeb, Tu ra undaT, rom icodnen, an rodis undaT, rom gaigon es da ra unda gaakeTon am informaciis miRebis Semdeg. egreT wodebuli ebrauli mkerdis kibos geni, iqaur qalebs didi xania awuxebs, magram mas Semdeg, rac cnobilma msaxiobma anjelina jolim ganacxada, rom mkerdis amputacia Caitara, kibos Tavidan acilebis mizniT, ebraeli qalebis udidesma mawilma analogiuri gadawyvetileba miiRo. Kkibos nacionaluri institutebi acxadeben, rom am daavadebis yvelaze didi safrTxe aSqenaz ebraelebsa da centralur- da aRmosavleT evropelebs aqvT. sxvadasxva samedicino centris warmomadgeneli genetikosebi da eqimebi miiCneven, rom israelis jandacvis ministrma unda gamoyos Tanxebi, raTa 25 wels zemoT myofma yvela aSqezelma qalma ufasod Caitaros gamokvlevebi. daaxloebiT, milioni qali gadarCeba im Semowmebis wyalobiT, romelic 100 dolarze naklebi Rirs. Gamokvlevebi sWirdebaT erayel ebraelebsac, romlebic aseve arian mavne mutaciis mqone. ierusalimis samedicino centris qirurgma, doqtorma olSam Tqva: `es aris Cveni samizne mosaxleoba. Cven SegviZlia, vi povoT da gadavarCinoT isini.~ sayovelTao Semowmebis mowinaaRmdegeni israelSi debatebs marTaven. Kkritikosebis azriT, aman SeiZleba gamoiwvios sazogadoebrivi stigmebi. aseve gazardos arasaWiro operaciebis ricxvi da amiT damZindes zogierTi qalis mdgomareoba im imformaciiT, risi codnac maT ar undaT da arc ician, rogor moiqcnen amis Semdeg. arCevani arc iseTi mativia. mkerdis mokveTa da kibos riskis Semcireba qalebs did daRs asvams. mkerdis rekonstruqciis Semdeg maT uwevT amputaciiT ga-

`SeiZleba miiCnio, rom mzad xar aseTi informaciis gasagebad, magram ase araa. sisxli gameyina, roca es aRmovaCine. cota xanSi gavaanalize, rom erTaderTi gamosavali sakmaod radikaluri iyo – sakuTari sxeulis nawilis amputacia.~ mowveul simaxinjesTan da mgrZnobelobis dakargvasTan brZola. amis Semdeg qals ewyeba klimaqteriuli periodi, romelic zrdis gulis daavadebis risks da iwvevs Zvlebis Sesustebas. dResdReobiT genetikuri testis Catarebis msurvelTa ricxvi israelSi Zalian didia. rigSi wlobiT dganan. nacionaluri janmrTelobis sadazRvevo paketi, ZiriTadad, xarjebs im SemTxvevaSi faravs, Tu qals Tavisi eqimis an advokatis mimarTva aqvs. maSin, roca Raribi qveynebi ibrZvian, raTa pirveladi daxmareba mainc gauwion kiboTi daavadebulebs, ufro mdidar sazogadoebebSi, iseTSi, rogoricaa israeli da amerika, iyeneben teqnologias, romelic cdilobs daavadebis SeCerebas mis warmoqmnamde. zogierTi amerikul-ebrauli organizacia ukve cdilobs aSqezeli ebraelebis imformirebas mkerdisa da saSvilosnos kibos genetikuri gadacemis Sesaxeb. Kkiboze Semowmebisas israelSi ekonomikur faqtorebze metad, eTnikurobas aqceven yuradRebas. aravin icis, aSqezel ebraelebs saTanado gamokvlevas Cautareben Tu ara. erayis mkvidri ojaxebi SeiZleba iyvnen dazRveuli, isive rogorc modianos ojaxi, maTi genetikuri daavadebis maRali riskis gamo. man icoda, rom kibo hqondaT mamis ojaxSi. qalbatoni modianos mamas sami axalgazda da gardaecvala mkerdis kiboTi. Tumca, man mxolod sami wlis win Caitara testi. Sedegma isic SeaZrwuna: ,,vfiqrobdi, ra elodaT Cems qaliSvilebs, grZnobadakarguli viyavi da jer kidev ase var.’’ qalbaton modianos 3 TveSi gaukeTes mkerdis amputacia da sakvercxeebic amoaWres. Tumca, rac Seexeba mis qaliSvilebs, gadawyvetilebis miReba gaWirda. arc erTi maTgani ar aris gaTxovili da maTi daavadebis SesaZlebloba 50%-ia. mis gatengom, romelic am periodSi saeqTno skolaSi swavlobda, gadawvita, gamokvleva Caetarebina: ,,Cems megobar biWs vuTxari, rom Tu am daavadebis risk jgufSi viqnebodi, skolas garkveuli droiT mivatovebdi da Svilis yolaze vizrunebdi. amis Semdeg ki gavikeTebdi amputacias.’’ rTuli kiTxvebi ierusalimSi mdebare ~Shaare Zedek~ samedicino centris eqimi, levi lahadi, romelmac wamoiwyo genetikuri testebis Ca-

tarebis programa israelSi, aris univarsaluri Semowmebis Cempioni aSqezeli qalebisTvis. is muSaobda amerikel mecnierebTan, romlebmac aRmoaCines BRCA1 geni. `Tu Tqven mxolod mas Semdeg mixvalT Semowmebaze, rac daavadebam fexi moikida, TamaSi wagebuli gaqvT. genetikuri Semowmeba gulisxmobs Tavidan acilebas.~ - Tqva eqimma levi lahadma. igi aseve saubrobs statistikaze, romlis mixedviTac, 40-dan 1 aSqezel qals aqvs es daavadeba. kibos nacionaluri institutis monacemebis mixedviT, genetikuri mutaciiT daavadebuli qalebi 5-jer ufro metad arian avTvisebiani mkerdis simsivniT daavadebis safrTxis qveS. es daavadeba Cndeba adreul asakSi da, xSirad - orive sarZeve jirkvalze. Cndeba uamravi kiTxva. unda Semowmdnen Tu ara kacebic, romelebmac SesaZlebelia gadascen genetkuri daavadeba Svilebs? TviTonac miekuTnebian Tu ara daavadebis risk jgufs? miiReben ultra-orTodoqsi ebraelebi monawileobas SemowmebaSi, Tu ecodinebaT, rom, dadebiTi pasuxis SemTxvevaSi, safrTxe daemuqreba maT mtkice qorwinebas? `adamianis identificireba, rogorc SesaZlo safrTxis mqone, mZime procesia. maT ecvlebaT warmodgena sakuTar Tavze da momavalsac gansxvavebulad aRiqvamen.~ - ambobs eqimi gail jarviki. ,,Tu daamkvidreb nebayoflobiTi Semowmebis Catarebas, qalebi daitanjebian, ver gadawyveten, miiRon Tu ara masSi monawileoba. xolo Tu Semowmebas masiuri saxe eqneba, Seiqmneba koleqtiuri gadawyvetileba, rom es kargi ramea.’’ – Tqva anTropologiisa da botonikis profesorma - barbara koenigma, romelic kaliforniis universitetSi muSaobs. kulturuli

dabrko-

lebebi. ebraeli qalebi, romlebic mavne mutaciis mqone arian, Civian, rom mamakaci eqimebi sastikad ewinaaRmdegebian jamrTeli qalis mkerdis amputaciis. doqtori moSe inbari, aRiarebuli onkologi, winaaRmdegia mkerdis prevenciuli amputaciis. igi acxadebs, rom qals mkerdis mokveTis Semdeg aRar SeuZlia ganicados seqsualuri siamovneba. Tumca es aris mtkiceba, romelic faqtebiT ar dasturdeba. `isurvebdi cxovrebas mkerdis gareSe? vcdilob, rom qa-

lebs amis gakeTeba gadavafiqrebino. qirurgiuli Careva ar SeiZleba Catardes mxolod pacientis moTxovnis gamo. es maSin unda moxdes, roca aucilebelia.~ – acxadebs moSe inbari. kibos Semswavleli saerTaSoriso Jurnalis mixedviT, genetikuri mutaciis mqone amerikeli qalebis mesamedze meti irCevs mkerdis prevenciul amputacias, maSin, roca israelSi mxolod 4% akeTebs amas. maT gamoikvlies da erTmaneTs Seadares kibos winaaRmdeg miRebuli zomebi Semdegi qveynebis mixedviT: kanada, amerikis SeerTebuli Statebi, israeli da eqvsi evropuli qveyana. 35 wlis tamar horeSs, romelic kompiuteris programistia centraluri israelidan, kargad axsovs 51 wlis dedis mtanjveli gardacvaleba sakvercxeebis simsivniT. roca, qalbatonma horeSma Caitara gamokvleva da aRmoaCnda dadebiTi BRCA1 mutacia, Tqva, rom misma qmarma mxari dauWira mis gadawyvetilebas, moekveTa sakvercxeebi da mkerdi. maT sami bavSvi hyavdaT gasazrdeli. am operaciis Camtarebeli eqimis povna calke sakiTxi iyo. ` roca pirvelad mivedi eqimTan, man miTxra: Sen suliT avadmyofi xar. tvinis simsivne rom gqondes, Tavs moikveTdi? meore eqimma miTxra, rom maSinve SeamCnia Cemi patara mkerdi da ifiqra, raRacas vimizezebdi, rom misi gadidebis saSualeba momcemoda.~- Tqva qalbatonma horeSma. mesame eqimma uTxra is, rasac qalTa umetesoba ismens: `modi, roca kibo geqneba. aravin aRar kvdeba mkerdis simsivniT.~ sinamdvileSi ki, israelis kibos asociaciis kvlevebis mixedviT, yovel wels 900 ebraeli qali iRupeba mkerdis simsivniT. sabolood, qalnatonma horeSma mimarTuleba i pova jgufisgan, romelic daarsda, raTa meti informacia miewodebinaT xalxisTvis genetikuri mutaciebis Sesaxeb. xelmZRvaneli gaxldaT liza koheni, romelsac aseve hqonda BRCA mutacia. qalbatoni kohenis deda 49 wlisa gardaicvala kiboTi. amave mizeziT gardaicvala misi 36 wlis dac. `vfiqrobdi, rom Semdegi me unda vyofiliyavi.~ - ganacxada ganqorwinebulma samSvilianma dedam, romelmac gadawyvita, rom ecocxla SvilebisTvis. piradi gadawyvetileba.

rodesac is pirvelad Sexvda mamakacs, romelic Semdgom misi qmari gaxda, uTxra, rom SeiZleboda Svilebi arasodes hyolodaT. igi xSirad itarebs Semowmebas, magram amputacias ar apirebs, radgan surs, Svilebi dedis rZiT gazardos. unda, rom daorsuldes xelovuri ganayofierebiT `rogorc iqna, gamoCnda raRac pozitiuri, risi gakeTebac SemeZlo.~Tqva man. prevenciuli qirurgiuli Careva yovelTvis warmatebiT ar sruldeba. tali Salevma mkerdis prevenciuli amputacia gaikeTa, magram onkologebma mokveTili mkerdis qsovilebze kibos dazianebebi aRmoaCines. `me var im adamianebis magaliTi, romelTac yvelaferi gaakeTes, rac ki SesaZlebeli iyo.~ - Tqva man.Mmas 3 Svili hyavs. genetikuri testis Catareba ultra-orTodoqsul mosaxleobaSi Sereulia, sadac zomierebaze xasgasma xSirad Ria diskusiebs uwyobs xels. 38 wlis 7 Svilis deda, orTodoqsi kanadeli qali, romelic axla israelSi cxovrobs, Tavisi gamocdilebis Sesaxeb saubrobs, mas surs, xma miawvdinos sxva aRmsareblobis qalebs. am qalbatonma gvTxova misi saxeli da gvari ar gaxmaurebuliyo, radgan ar surs, rom misi ojaxis wevrebis Sesaxebac gaxmaurdes. roca is 5 wlis iyo, deda mkerdis koboTi gardaecvala. ramdenime wlis win, roca man bolo Svili gaaCina, Caitara gamokvleva da aRmoaCina, rom igi BRCA1 mutaciis mqonea. man rCeva hkiTxa ramdenime cnobil rabins, gaekeTebina Tu ara riskis Semcirebis prevenciuli qirurgiuli Careva. maT qalbatoni daarwmunes, rom sicocxlis gafrTxileba, iudaizmis mixedviT, erT-erTi umTavresi Rirebulebaa. sami wlis Semdeg, man mkerdis da sakvercxeebis amputacia gaikeTa. operacia Zalian damqancveli iyo, magram undoda, darwmunebuliyo, rom misi Svilebic ar daitanjebodnen im danakargiT, rac man dedis sikvdilis Semdeg ganicada. mas hqonda misia, sxva qalebic daerwmunebina, rom Semowmebaze wasuliyvnen. `ici, es RmerTma ratom gamikeTa? imitom, rom me marTla Zalian grZeli ena mqonda.~-Tqva man. amis Semdeg igi avrcelebs Tavis gamocdilebas da xalxs arwmunebs, rom genetikur tests SeuZlia gadaarCinos sicocxle. `qali ar unda mokvdes. man SvilebisTvis unda icocxlos.~ - Tqva man.

Targmani: nino gozaliSvili


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mediatori

literaturuli insomnia da "stalinisturi" mwerlebi ano maWavariani TbilisSi, 2013 wlis seqtemberSi, poetisa da mwerlis, zaza koSkaZis iniciativiT literaturuli festivali “insomnia” gaimarTa. konkursis Svidi monawile, morigeobiT, RamiT marto unda darCeniliyo wignis maRaziaSi da dilamde SeeTxza nawarmoebi fentezis, mistikis an hororis JanrSi. monawileebi SeirCnen konkursis wesiT, winaswar gamogzavnili sakuTari fobiografiebis mixedviT. proeqt “insomnias” mizansa da Tanamedrove qarTuli mwerlobis problematikaze gvesaubreba poeti da proeqtis organizatori zaza koSkaZe. -ratom gadawyvite „insomnias“ gakeTeba?

sakmarisisa dasawerad?

saintereso

moTxrobis

-eg Zalian individualuria. zogisTvis erTi saaTia sakmarisi, zogi ki erTi kvira wers erT abzacs. Rame da wignis maRazia aseTi teqstis Sesaqmnelad ganwyobas qmnis da Tu garemo da ganwyoba gaqvs, maSin erTi Rame namdvilad sakmarisia, miT umetes, Tu manamde mTeli kvira gaqvs mosafiqreblad, ra dawero da rogor.

proeqt

-bevri mizezis gamo. jer erTi, Zalian miyvars horori, fentezi da yvela is Janri, romelsac es proeqti aerTianebs. garda magisa, vfiqrobdi, rom es proeqti Cvens realobaSi bevr rames naTels mofenda. Mainteresebda, Tu raze fiqrobdnen, ra ideebi hqondaT saqarTveloSi im adamianebs, romlebsac am JanrebSi wera undodaT. aseve, es proeqti Tavs mouyrida adamianebs da Zalian konkretul da xelSesaxeb etapze gadavidoda procesi imiT, rom adamianebi daiwyebdnen teqstebis werasa da masze msjelobas. -ra princi piT SearCieT proeqtis moanwileebii? -proeqtSi moxvedrisaTvis mTavari weris niWi da saintereso fobiografia iyo. konkursis mixedviT monawileebs unda gamoegzavnaT TavianTi fobiografiebi da unda moeTxroT TavianT SiSebze. axali da Zalian saintereso SerCevis princi pia, arasdros msmenia aqamde aseTi ram. monawileebi sul meubnebodnen, rom am ideam moxibla da aiZula efiqraT da daeweraT TavanT SiSebze. -rogor fiqrob, erTi Rame ramdenad

TaTia kakiaSvili =Mmariam jologua, maia doborjginiZe da qeTa lorTqifaniZe – es ‘’Tavisufali Teatris’’ im msaxiobTa CamonaTvalia, romlebic mxolod am ukanasknel Teatrs ar emsaxurebian. samive maTgans lomis wvlili miuZRviT damwyebi msaxiobebisaTvis Teatr-studia ‘’eT ceteras’’ Seqmnasa da daarsebaSi. studia, ZiriTadad, mozardebisTvisaa gaTvlili, Tumca asakobrivi SezRudva maincdamainc ar SeimCneva: aq 6-dan 18 wlamde asakis momavali msaxiobebi cdiloben, scenaze sakuTari Zalebi mosinjon da amisTvis isini Tavs ar zogaven. . . maT Sorisaa 15 wlis giga jiSkarianic. -

ramdeni xania, rac Teatr-studia ‘’eT ceteras’’ msaxiobi xar? - ‘’eT ceteraSi’’ 2012 wlis dasawyisidan davdivar,ukve sam-oTx speqtaklSic viTamaSe. - SegiZlia, CamogviTvalo es speqtaklebi? - pirveli iyo ‘’rva patara anegdoti’’,Semdeg - ‘’17 wlisani’’ da am zafxuls umcrosebis

svamda da Zalian konunqturuli iyo, absoluturad politikur process morgebuli da gaubedavi. -Sen Tu gaqvs iseTi fobiebi, romelzec moTxrobas da wigns dawerdi ? -vfiqrob, rom nebismieri SiSi aucileblad qmnis raRac ti pis problemas,zogi dids, zogi pataras, Tumca wigni nebismier maTganze SeiZleba daiwros. me katastrofulad mZafri vegeto nevrozi maqvs gadatanili, romlis Sedegebic dRemde momyveba da SiSi CemTvis ucxo araa. panikis Setevac mqonia sruliad umizezod. aucileblad davwer Cems SiSebze. -Seni azriT,ra uSlis xels qarTvels mwerlebs sakuTari nawarmoebebis popularizaciaSi?

-wign «insomnias» SesavalSi ambob, rom am mwerlebma unda SeZlon erovnuli Janruli literarutis xelaxla Camoyalibeba. Seni azriT, am kuTxiT ratom ar ganviTarda qarTuli literartura? -Janruli literatura CvenTan imitom ar ganviTarda, rom procesebma daigviana. naxevari saukunis win igive xdeboda mTel msoflioSi. xalxi am saxis literaturas seriozulad ar aRiqvamda. CvenTan axla daiwyo am Janrebis Camoyalibeba, rogorc Tavis droze amerikaSi. Tan Cven yvelaferSi Zalian erTferovnebi varT. aravin ar gadado Tavi am saqmisTvis. mTeli saukunis manZilze literatura imiT iyo dakavebuli, Tu rogor gaekritikebina, an eqo sabWoTa kavSiri. amis miuxedavad, iyo raRac gamonaTebebi, Tumca amas yuradReba ar meiqca, raSic, albaT, ganTlebis sistemacaa damnaSave. skola yovelTvis arasworad gvawvdida qarTul literaturas, araswor aqcentebs

rogoria qarTveli mkiTxveli? -qarTveli mkiTxvelis didi nawili yovelTvis sxvis azrze iyo damokidebuli. amitom xdeba, rom TiTqmis ar msjeloben araferze da nebismieri literaturuli movlena ise Caivlis xolme, TiTqos arc momxdara. axla cota gamosworada situacia, Targmanebic momravlda da qarTuli teqstebic. es mkiTxvels Zalian gazrdis, Tumca me mainc mTavar problemas mwerlebSi ufro vxedav, vidre mkiTxvelSi. mwerlebi xSirad sakuTar mkiTxvels ar icnoben da arasworad awvdian saTqmels, amitom gadavwyvite, rom aseTi sinTezuri festivalis gakeTeba «insomnias» saxiT, romelSic realiTi Sous elementebic ki iyo. mayurebeli onlainSi cota hyavda, magram am ideam televiziebis interesi gamoiwvia da, Tu ar vcdebi, yvelaze metjer gaSuqda, rac ki festivalebi vici.

-CvenTan mwerlebis umetesoba „stalinisturad“ udgeba mwerlis profesias da Tavi RmerTisgan daniSnulebi hgoniaT. stalini ambobda, rom mwerali adamianis sulis inJineria da iyenebda kidec mwerlebs, rogorc propagandis iaraRs. dResac bevri fiqrobs ase da ver gamodis am saocari TviTtkbobidan. yvelaferi, rac TavSi mosdiT, saintereso hgoniaT da weren. amis gamoa, rom dadian kaSneebiT, beretebiTa da sxva saxis «artistuli atributikiT». sinamdvileSi, Zalian sasaciloebi arian. Tan fiqroben, rom mTavroba unda arCendes maT mxolod imitom, rom weren. genialuri adamianebi imisTvis werdnen, rom SimSiliT ar daxociliyvnen da werdnen Zalian bevrs. ase xdeboda Tavis droze. garda amisa, bazaric Zalian pataraa CvenTan, wignebiT ver gamdidrdebi. rTuli Temaa da ase xelaRebiT ver davabralebT erT raRacas.

-momavalSi kidev xom msgavsi proeqtis mowyobas?

gegmav

-aucileblad. vgegmav da kide ufro masStaburs. momaval wels moxdeba es yvelaferi, savaraudod. ar davakonkreteb ra iqneba es, Tumca Tu gamova bevr adamians gavaxareb amiT.

-qarTvel mkiTxvelze ras ityodi?

SeuzRudavi asaki msaxiobobisaTvis "eT cetera”

jgufTan viTamaSe ‘’patara ufliswuli’’. yvela speqtakli erTi da imave reJisoris dadgmuli iyo? - studiis damfuZneblebi arian Mmariam jologua,qeTa lorTqifaniZe da maia doborjginiZe, romlebic speqtaklebs dgamen, Sesabamisad, reJisorebic isini arian. ra SegiZlia, TviTon Teatris istoriis Sesaxeb gviambo? - studia ‘’eT cetera’’ ‘’Tavisufali Teatris’’ msaxiobebma – Mmariam jologuam, qeTa lorTqifaniZem da maia doborjginiZem – daaarses. maT garda, aseve sxva pedagogebic gvaswavlian konkretul sagnebs, magaliTad, mariam nadiraZe, salome WuluxaZe, lela metreveli, Tamriko CxataraSvili, ia SuRliaSvili da a.S. Sen rodis Seityve am studiis arsebobis Sesaxeb? - ‘’eT ceteraSi’’ sruliad SemTxveviT movxvdi: Cemma megobarma miambo am studiis arsebobis Sesaxeb, meore dRes aRvmoCndi aq da im dRidan studiaSi var. Cveulebriv, kastingiT moxvdi? kastings ver davarqmev – gamomcades: raRacebi gavakeTe, albaT, momiwones da damtoves. ras ityvi ‘’eT ceteraSi’’ Seni, rogorc damwyebi msaxiobis, reJisorebTan muSaobis Sesaxeb? - Cveni reJisorebi ‘’Tavisufali Teatris’’ msaxiobebi arian: mariami, qeTa da maia, romlebic namdvilad TavianTi saqmis profesionalebi gaxlavT – msaxiobebi. Mmaia doborjginiZe Tan reJisoria da Zalian meamayeba, rom masTan var imitom, rom misgan marTlac bevrs vswavlob. ramdenad xar studiaSi datvirTuli: ra dros atareb? - studiaSi 5 sagans vswavlobT. kviraSi samjer gakveTilebze intensiurad davdivarT, xolo roca uSualod speqtaklze vmuSaobT, yoveldRiuri repeticiebi gvaqvs xolme jer CvenTan – studiaSi, Semdeg ukve TeatrSi gadavdivarT da iq SeuCer-

ar

ebeli repeticiebi… gvaqvs.

anu gawerili grafiki gaqvs? - im sagnebidan, romlebsac vswavlobT,

erTerTia samsaxiobo ostatoba, romlis farglebSic tardeba Cveulebrivi repeticiebi – rogoric speqtaklzea xolme. Aam yvelafers garkveuli dro eTmoba. Ggarda amisa, veuflebiT metyvelebas, vokals, plastikas, cekvas – es yvelaferi gvWirdeba imisTvis, rom speqtakli viTamaSoT. Aam yvelafers, ra Tqma unda, aqvs grafiki. oTxSabaTobiT samagido repeticias veZaxiT, rodesac studiaSi mivdivarT, piesas vkiTxulobT . . . rodesac piesa saboloo etapze gadadis, bunebrivia, studiaSi ufro did dros vatarebT da nel-nela TeatrSic gadavdivarT, sadac saboloo Strixebi gvardeba: musika, ganaTeba, dekoracia – aq yvelaze meti drois gatareba gviwevs. - ra dro eTmoba, saSualod, erTi speqtaklis srulyofilad dadgmas? - Tavdapirvelad speqtaklis dasadgmelad kviraSi erTxel – Cveni jgufis ostatobis dRes - vikribebiT, gvaqvs repeticiebi. erTi an ori Tvis ganmavlobaSi vmuSaobT. Semdeg ufro vaxSirebT repeticiebs da yoveldRe studiaSi varT. TeatrSi ukve

yoveldRiuri repeticiebiT gadavdivarT. zogjer ‘’Tavisufali Teatris’’ sarepeticio darbazSi vmuSaobT, zogjer – mTavar scenazec. erT speqtakls sWirdeba, daaxloebiT, erTi-ori Tve, xandaxan semestric imisTvis, rom srulyofilad daidgas. - rac Seexeba msaxiobebs, Tqven ukve Camoyalibebuli dasi xarT Tu jer jgufis statusiT sargeblobT? - studiaSi gvaqvs asakobrivi jgufebi: sakmaod mcire – 6-dan 18 wlamde asakis mozardebiT varT jgufebi dakompleqtebuli. radgan sul sami Tu oTxi jgufia, TiToeulSi garkveuli raodenobis – 5-dan 10 bavSvamde – wevria. - TeatrSi muSaobis procesi, Seni momavali profesia,ramdenad SeTanxmebuli gaqvs pirad cxovrebasTan – igive, swavlasTan, megobrebsa da Tavisufal drosTan? - repeticiebs Zalian didi dro ki miaqvs, magram igi imdenad sasiamovnoa, rom SemiZlia, mTel dRes viyo studiaSi da amitom, miuxedavad imisa, rom megobrebTan yofna mirCevnia Sromas, Cemgan damoukideblad gamodis, rom mainc am ukanasknels meti dro eTmoba. swavlas raRac doziT, albaT, uSlis xels, magram mainc vaxerxeb: studiaSic Zalian gvexmarebian. ra xdeba amJamad ‘’eT ceteraSi’’ – raze muSaobT? - Cemi, anu ufrosebis jgufi vmuSaobT piesaze – ‘’jer daixocnen, mere iqorwines’’, wlis bolomde an iqiTa wlis dasawyisamde igegmeba premiera da,imedia,kargi gamogviva. samomavlo gegmadac mxolod es speqtakli moiazreba? - Cveni jgufidan asea. Yyovel semestrSiYyvela jgufs Tavisi saqme aqvs da, amitom, TviTon studia mxolod Cveni speqtaklis premieriT ar amoiwureba. Cveni studia erTerTia, romelic mozardi msaxiobebis monawileobiT yvelaze xSirad dgams speqtaklebs. - warmatebebs gisurvebT!


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mediatori

xidze ewera: "afxazeTi - Cveni tkivili" mari goCaSvili

„afxazeTze am kacs Tvali uWiravs -es kacia albaT Turqis Temisda me vyviri - Cems sisxls dalevs uwinamc da me vyviri - afxazeTi Cemi!“ murman lebaniZe 1975 15 noembers amerikis SeerTebuli Statebis elCma saqarTveloSi, riCard norlandma Tbilisis saxelmwifo universitetSi studentebTan Sexvedrisas ganacxada qarTvelebi afxazebs da osebs epyrobodnen daaxloebiT ise, rogorc manamde – rusebi qarTvelebs, da amisTvis bodiSis moxda mouwevT” am replikaze pasuxs swori pasuxis gacema istoriis furclebidan aris SesaZlebeli... daaxloebiT 13-14 wlis win, Tbilisidan dasavleTisken mimaval gzaze, erT-erTi safexmavlo xidis qveS yoveli gasvlisas meqanikurad vkiTxulobdi amave xidze waweril frazas: „afxazeTi - Cveni tkivili“. maSin, 6 wlis rom viyavi, arc afxazeTi vicodi ra iyo da arc is Tu ratom iyo igi Cveni, masaSadame Cemi, tkivili. dRes ukve vici! dRes yvelam icis, rom 1992-1993 wlebSi afxazeTSi mimdinareobda omi saqarTvelos samTavrobo jarebsa da separatistulad ganwyobil afxazeTis mkvidr jgufebs Soris. igi 13 Tves gagrZelda. separatistebma gaimarjves. afxazeTis de-faqto respublikam damoukidebloba gamoacxada. 13 Tviani omi erT dReSi ar dawyebula, arc erT TveSi, arc erT welSi, arc 10 welSi! konfliqti nel-nela Rvivdeboda, Tumca situaciis saboloo Sedegebamde miyvanaSi brali mxolod separatistebs rodi miuZRviT, qarTveli mecnierebi afxazeTis dakargvaSi brals saqarTvelos mTavrobasac sdeben da mas uunarobaSi, zedmetad damTmobobaSi adanaSauleben. mwerali jano janeliZe Jurnal „ciskaris“ 1989 wlis me-12 nomerSi gamoqveynebul erT-erT werilSi wers: „afxaz separatistTa pirveli gamosvla 1956 wels moxda. maT afxazeTis xelovnebisa da literaturi dekada CaSales TbilisSi. imis nacvlad, rom gadamWreli zomebi mieRoT provokatorebisa da separatistebis winaaRmdeg, Tbilisidan mTeli delegacia Camovida, eferen, emudaren afxazebs da dekada 1958 wlisaTvis mainc Caatares. roca dekada damTavrda, saqarTvelos kp. centraluri komitetis da mTavrobis iniciativiT sazeimo banketi gaimarTa restoran „TbilisSi“. banketze miwveva saocari SerCeviT moxda. afxazebs aqac upiratesoba eniWebodaT da mTeli darbazi savse iyo maTi warmomadgenlebiT, qarTvelebidan sul aTiode kaci Tu miiwvies... ar hgavda es lxini ZmaTa lxins. kargad igrZnoboda is bzari, romelic qarTul-afxazur urTierTobaSi gaaCines afxazma separatistebma...“ mcdar politikazea saubari gazeT „literaturuli saqarTvelos“ 1989 wlis me-12 nomerSi gamoqveynebul saqarTvelos mweralTa kavSiris prezidiumis werilSic: „afxazi mosaxleobis erTi nawilis mier avtonomiuri respublikis teritoriaze datrialebuli tragedia logikuri Sedegia im damTmobi politikisa, gaumarTleblad miniWebuli privilegiebisa, rasac am xalxis mimarT wlebis manZilze iCenda rogorc sakavSiro, ise saqarTvelos ssr xelisufleba. problemaTa mifuCeCeba da „keTilgonierebisken, „patiebisken“ calmxrivi mowodeba qarTveli

eris Ralats niSnavs!“ guram fanjikiZis, gazeT „literaturul saqarTvelos“ 1989 wlis 26 maisis nomerSi gamoqveynebul werilSi vkiTxulobT: „ rac dRes afxazeTSi xdeba, logikuri Sedegia im calmxrivi, yovlad gaumarTlebeli daTmobis politikisa, romelsac respublikis xelisufleba daadga jer kidev sami aTeuli wlis win, am politikas imTaviTve ar uWerda mxars qarTveli xalxi. ar uWerda imitom rom aSkara iyo misi mcdaroba.“ Tavis zemoxsenebul werilSi jano janeliZe agrZelebs: „afxaz separatisTa meore gamosvla pirveli gamosvlis 10 wlis Tavze - 1967 wels moxda. demonstantebma q. soxumis filarmoniis sazafxulo Senobis darbazi daikaves, mikrofon-reproduqtorebi gamarTes da sajarod gahyvirodnen antiqarTul lozungebs. amas isic daemata, rom gamomcemloba „alaSaras“ axlad aRdgenili qarTuli redaqciis sagamomcemlo gegmidan TiTqmis mTlianad amoiRes yvela qarTuli wigni. afxazeTis saxelmwofo muzeumSi dawves da gaanadgures unikaluri qarTuli xelnawerebi, wignebi da gazeTebi.“ sakiTxavic ki ar aris SemTxveviT anadgurebnen unikalur masalebs Tu mizanmimarTulad Slidnen istorul kvals, rom Semdeg Tavadve aewyoT sakuTari da Cveni warsuli. guram fanjikiZe igive werilSi wers: „zogma afxazma mecnierma isic gadawyvita aseTi saqcieli ( igulisxmeba antiqarTuli kampania) mecnieruli argumentebiT da SromebiT gaemagrebina, SeiTxza istoriis yalbi furclebi, sadac isini iTvisebdnen, ayalbebdnen da amaxinjebdnen saqarTvelos istorias, qarTveli da afxazi xalxis saukunobriv istorias... qarTveli istorikosebis mecnieruli pasuxebi dResac gamuqveynebeli devs ujrebSi. dedamisis Svilni iyvnen da WeSmaritebis dasacavad xma amoeRoT! am gaumarTlebeli akrZalvebis Sdegad zogierTi afxazi mecnieris gamokvlevebma garkveul „warmatebebsac“ miawRia. afxazeTis kurortebze yovelwliurad asiaTasobiT damsvenebli Camodis, maT Soris cotani rodi daarwmunes da daajeres, rogor „dai pyro“ saqarTvelom afxazeTi, rogor vCagravT qarTvelebi maT.“ mwerals magaliTisTvis mohyavs erT-erTi afxazi mecnieris, Salva inal-ifas kvlevidan citata: „в июне 1952 года в сел. «шера со слов 70-летного Lжаира Uедлодовича {ишба мною саписано следуюшее предание. Dсе кавказское побережие Xерного моря называлос Rолха. Yаселение Rолхи роворило на абхазском язике. Uраници ее простирались далеко на юг и на север, и правил этим царством абхазский царь, у которого была сильная армия и 360 крепостей. (I. L. инал-и – «вопросы этнокультурной истории абхазов», стр. 202)“ „ai meTodebiT Seqmnili „mecnieruli naSromebi rCeboda upasuxod aTeuli wlebis manilze“ - agrZelebs fanjikiZe - „ ase damaxinjda da gaukuRmarTda saqarTvelos istoria.“ marTlac, am afxazi mkvlevaris naSromi eydnoba viRac(!) moxucis sityvebs, romelis arc profesiaa miTiTebuli, arc - wodeba, araferi, rac dagvarwmunebs misi informaciis sandoobaSi. jano janeliZis werilSi vkiTxulobT: „afxazuri moZraoba da gamosvlebi yoveli aTi wlis amplitudaTi meordeboda da afxaz-separatistebs arc 1977-78 wlebisaTvis dauyovnebiaT. daiwyo qarTuli kulturul-arqiteqturili Zeglebis xelyofa da qarTuli warwerebis waSla-ganadgureba. xelyves rusTavelisa da

akaki wereTlis Zeglebi da biustebi soxumsa da gagraSi...“ separatistebis mier kulturuli Zeglebis xelyofa kidev erTi mcdelobaa afxazi xalxi mexsierebidan waeSalaT qarTvelebTan saerTo istoria, saukunovani Zmoba. SoTa rusTavelisa da wereTlis Zeglebi mxolod imtiom ar gaaqres rom forma ar moswondaT, an vinmes gavlaSi uSlida xels, rogorc es Semdeg TviTon axsnes, Turme meurneobis direqtor mixeil alaviZes quCis rekonstruqcia ubrZanebia. maSin sainteresoa ratom gadaWres da daazianes igi, maSin, rodesac SeiZleboda ubralod sxva adgilze gadaetanaT? am azris logikuri gagrZelebaa janeliZis werilidan Semgedi citata: „... cxadad Canda, rom afxazur-separatistul moZraobas zemodanac TanaugrZnobdnen, Torem ise warmoudgeneli iyo Teatris Senobidan qarTuli dramatuli dasis abris dRisiT, mzisiT Camoxsna da qarTvel msaxiobTa gareT gamobZaneba... ...antiqarTul aqciebSi ramdenime afxazi mweralic monawileobda, magram maTTvis sayveduric aravis uTqvams, piriqiT, erT-erTi am aqciis monawile juma axuba am „damsaxurebisTvis“ afxazeTis mweralTa kavSiris aparatSi miiRes... afxazeTSi antiqarTuli gamosvlebis organizatorebsa da monawileebs aqezebdnen, awinaurebdnen, karierisken eqaCebodnen, amitom antiqarTul saqmeSi monawileoba TandaTan prestiJis saqme gaxda.“ saqarTvelos mweralTa kavSiris prezidiumis zemoT moyanil werilSi saubaria ara mxolod prestiJze aramed ukve privilegiazec: „qarTveli mosaxleobis konstituciuri uflebebis dasacavad dauyovnebliv unda gamoswordes sakadro politikaSi daSvebuli uxeSi darRvevebi da aSkara Seusabamobani, im dros, rodesac saqarTvelos istoriul miwaze - afxazeTis assr teritoriaze mosaxleobis did umravlesobas bunebrivad adgenen qarTvelebi - 43, 9%, xolo afxazebi ki mxolod 17, 1%-ia, afxazeTis assr 12 ministridan 8 afxazia, qarTveli ki 3; ssrk saxalxo 15 deputatidan 8 afxazia, xolo qarTveli 5. aseTive suraTia yvela arCeviT da nomenklaturul TanamdebobebTan daakvSirebiT. amgvari maxinji sakadro politikis Tanmimdevruli gatarebis gamo „afxazoba“ iqca socialur privilegiad. swored am garemoebas mohyva Sedegad qarTvelTa erTi sulmdabali nawilis asimilacia-gaafxazeba.“ guram fanjikiZe ambobs: „ aqamde oficialurad aravis uTqvams, magram yvelasTvis cnobili iyo, rom afxazeTis umaRles saswavleblebSi wlebis manZilze afxazi erovnebis studentisTvis ar SeiZleboda orianis dawera... sastiki tendenciurobiT tardeboda sasamrTlo procesebi. erTi da igive danaSaulisaTvis qarTvelebi gacilebiT mkacrad isjebodnen.“

privilegirebuloba samkvdro-sasicocxlo sameSi gadaizarda! gazeT „oqros sawmisis“ 1989 wlis pirvel nomerSi gamoqvyebul werilSi afxazeTis respublikuri saavadmyofos eqimi, giorgi giorgis Ze kvaracxelia ixsenebs „hospitalizebuli iqna 31 adamiani, maT Soris umetesoba qarTvelebi iyvnen, rogorc gavigeT Tavs dasxmian xelketebiTa da rkinis joxebiT SeiaraRebuli afxazebi...Cems SekiTxvaze Tu ratom mohyavdaT CvenTan araprofire-

buli avadmyofebi, saswrafos eqimma mi pasuxa, rom qalaqis meore saavadmyofoSi qarTveli erovnebis avadmyofebs ar Rebuloben, maT iq ganucxades qarTvelebi „qarTvelTa“ saavadmyofoSi miiyvaneTo (!).“ prestiJulobasTan da prvivilegirebulobsTan erTad antiqarTuli kampania masobriv da formalur xasiaTsac iZenda. amis dasturia lixnis Sekreba: 1989 wlis 18 marts, afxazeTSi, sofel lixnSi Catarda Tavyriloba. es iyo afxazeTis mTavrobis mier sanqcirebuli mitingi. Seikriba mTeli srulwlovani afxazoba, daaxloebiT 50-60 aTasi adamiani da Seadagines peticia skkp centraluri komitetis saxelze, romelSi moiTxovdnen ruseTis federaciasTan SeerTebas. amboben afxazeTis kompartiis komitetis pirvelma mdivanma adleibam peticias xeli ar moawera, ris gamoc mas muaxlovda 100 wlis mocuxi afxazi da saxeSi SeafurTxao. prestiJulobasTan erTad es ukve patriotuli Rirsebis sakiTxadac gadaiqca.

patriotizmma, Rirsebam da prestiJma sisxlisRvramde miiyvana „antiqarTuli saqme“. Tumca ra gasakviria rom naxevrasaukunovani kampania amiT dasrulebuliyo: saqarTvelos ssr Sinagan saqmeTa saministros pres-jgufi gazeT „sabWoTa afxazeTis“ 20 ivlisis nomerSi aqveynebs Semdeg gancxadebas: „1989 wlis 15-16 ivliss q. soxumSi mkveTrad daiZaba viTareba, rasac mohyva Setakebani erovnebaTSoris niadagze. viTrebis daZabvis sababi iyo soxumSi Tbilisis saxelmwifo universitetis filialis gaxsna. filiais Senobas alya Semoartyes agresulad ganwyobilma afxazebma, romlebmac provokaciulad gamoiwvies Setakeba. Setakebis dros gamoiyenebs joxebi, qvebi, civi da cecxlsasroli iaraRi. arsebuli cnobebis Tanaxmad, afxazi da qarTveli erovnebis jgufebis Setakebis Sedegad orive mxares daeRupa 14 kaci, hospitalizebulia 137 kaci, aqedan 15 mZime mdgomareobaSia.“ 1992-1993 wlebis CaTvliT ToTxmeti ukve aTasebamde gaizarda, saerTo jamSi 5.000 meti mSvidobaini qarTveli da 3.000 meti jariskaci, aseve 3.000 ze meti afxazi daiRupa. es mcire statia ra mosatania im qronikebTan, romelic saqarTvelo-afxazeTis bolodroindel urTierTobebs asaxavs, Tumca aqac naTlad Cans rom dekadis CaSliT dawyebuli viTareba 11.000 ze meti adamianis sikvdiliT dasrulda. orive mxarem daaSava, orive mxarem dakarga! „dRevandel dRes gamefebuli situacia abnevs saqmeSi Cauxedav axalgazrdobs, siZulviliT da boRmiT avsebs maT gulebs. gvaqvs ki ufleba erTmaneTs gadavkidoT Taobebi, romlebmac erTad unda icxovron xval da zeg?“ - ambobs guram fanjikiZe zemoxsenebul werilSi. 2013 wels, is „Taobebi“ Cven varT da radgan ukve 21 welia erTmaneTs „gadakidebuli“ varT, dRes aRar gvaqvs ufleba viyoT „saqmeSi Cauxedavi axalgazrdebi“ visac hgonia, rom marTlac „bodiSi aqvs mosaxdeli“. wyaro: „afxazeTis sisxliani qronikebi“ Jurnali „ciskari“, saqarTvelos respublikis sagamomcemlo-sawarmoo firma „daviTi“, Tbilisi 1993 w. redaqtori elza metreveli http://saqinform.ge/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=16701:2 013-11-15-12-32-39&catid=100:sazogadoeba&Itemid=396#axzz2m39hskeb


11

mediatori

gmirebis fsiqologia beqa berulava “namdvili gmiroba jansaRi, aradramatuli formisaa. es ar aris moTxovna imisa, rom ajobo yvela danarCens nebismier fasad. esaa moTxovna, emsaxuro sxvebs nebismier fasad.” – artur aSe.

2005 wlis or ianvars, metros sadgurSi, daaxloebiT 75 adamiani gulxeldakrefili uyurebda, rogor daemarTa Seteva erT-erT axalgazrdas da platformidan matareblis relsebze Cavarda. samocdaTxuTmetive adamiani SeSfoTebuli iyo momxdariT, magram arcerT maTgans ar gaukeTebia rame, gaWirvebaSi myofis dasaxmareblad, garda uesli autrisa, romelmac sakuTari ori axalgazrda qaliSvili gverdiT mdgoms miabara da Tavad liandagze daeSva, raTa gonebadakarguli axalgazrda matareblis mosvlamde amoeyvana platformaze. rodesac ueslim gaacnobiera, rom mis amosayvanad dro aRar hqonda, radgan matarebeli ukve gamoCnda, axalgazrda relsebs Soris moaqcia da Tavad zemodan gadaefara, raTa matarebels misTvis araferi evno. misma qmedebam gaamarTla da SemTxveva msxverplis gareSe dasrulda. “niu iork taimsTan” interviuSi man ganacxada: “me ar vfiqrob, rom raime STambeWdavi gavakeTe; ubralod, davinaxe adamiani, romelsac daxmareba sWirdeboda da is gavakeTe, rac sworad miviCnie.” D ra aiZulebs adamianebs, imoqmedon gmirulad didi safrTxis miuxedavad? gmiroba is cnebaa, romelic mraval kulturaSi didadaa dafasebuli, magram ra aris gmirobis zusti gansazRvreba? ra STaagonebT calkeul adamianebs, Caidinon gmiruli saqcieli? maSin, roca mecnierebs didi informacia gaaCniaT imis Sesaxeb, Tu ra udevs safuZvlad adamianis borot zraxvebs, “gmirad qcevis” fenomeni SedarebiT Seuswavleli da bundovania. ra aris gmiroba? arakomerciuli organizaciis “gmiruli warmosaxvis proeqtis” mixedviT (organizacia orientirebulia, aswavlos xalxs, rogor iqcnen gmirebad), gmiroba aris qmedeba an qceva, romelic mimarTulia sxva adamianis dasaxmareblad, an ganpirobebulia moraluri mizezebiT. organizacia gmirobis oTx ZiriTad elements gamohyofs: -is moxaliseobrivia; -is keTdeba im xalxis an sazogadoebis samsaxurisTvis, romelsac daxmareba sWirdeba; -is moicavs garkveuli saxis risks (fizikurs, socialurs da a.S.); -is keTdeba anazRaurebis an materialuri sargeblis molodinis gareSe. amas garda, arsebobs gmirobis met-naklebad erTmaneTis msgavsi, fsiqologTa mier gakeTebuli ganmartebebi, romelTagan aRsaniSnavia didi rvianis Teoria. am Teoriis mixedviT, rigiTi adamianis warmosaxvaSi gmiris daxasiaTeba Semdegi saxisaa: gmiri aris Wkviani, Zlieri, xalisiani (sicocxliT savse), uangaro, mzrunveli, momxibvleli, sando da STamagonebeli pirovneba (Scott T. Allison & George R. Goethals, “Our Definition of ‘Hero,’” 2011). ra aqcevs adamians gmirad? arsebobs Tu ara raime saxis specifikuri maxasiaTebeli, romelic gmirebs Tandayolilad gaaCniaT? zogierTi fsiqologiuri gamokvlevis Tanaxmad gmirobis ori ZiriTadi faqtori aris SiSis gareSe sarisko qmedebaTa ganxorcieleba da guluxvoba. adamianebi, romlebic safrTxeSi agdeben sakuTar sicocxles sxvaTa dasaxmareblad, savaraudod, SeZleben ufro didi riskis gawevasac. amasTan, aseTi adamianebi gamoirCeviani imiT, rom arian gansakuTrebiT keTilebi, gaaCniaT TanagrZnobis, empaTiisa da altruizmis didi unari. Tumca, 2004 wels, “amerikul fsiqologiaSi” gamoqveynebul statiaSi, mkvlevarebi (seluin bekeri da alisa igli) acxadeben, rom gmiroba, SesaZloa “TviTsamsaxuris” ufro did elements moicavdes. sxvagvarad, Tavganwirvis qmedeba SeiZleba, gaTvlili iyos drois xangrZliv periodSi jildos miRebis perspeqtivebze.

meditacia: martivi gza stresis Sesamcireblad ana RviniaSvili

erTi patara kvlevis Sedegad, romelSic monawileobas 78 adamiani iRebda, mkvlevarebma aRmoaCines, rom is adamianebi, romlebic mzad iyvnen, tkivilis miuxedavad didxans gaeCerebinaT xeli yinuliT savse jamSi, ufro xSirad imsaxurebdnen sxvebis mowonebas, vidre isini, vinc amas ver axerxebdnen. fsiqologebma didi xania, ician, rom, rogorc adamianebi, iseve cxovelebi ufro xSirad exmarebian imaT, visTanac genetikurad arian dakavSirebulni. es aris koncefcia, romelic cnobilia, rogorc “naTesavuri seleqcia”. im adamianebis daxmarebiT, romlebic Cvens genetikas iziareben, Cven xels vuwyobT imis albaTobas, rom es genebi momaval Taobebsac gadaeces. sxva SemTxvevebSi, Cven vexmarebiT sxvebs imis molodiniT, rom odesme isinic SeiZleba, dagvexmaron. es idea cnobilia urTierT (ormxrivi) altruizmis saxeliT. magram, altruizmis im SemTxvevebSi, roca is ar moicavs naTesavebis daxmarebas an jildos molodins, gadamwyvet rols asrulebs situaciuri, kulturuli da pirovnuli maxasiaTeblebi. gmiruli saqcielis Cadenis Semdeg adamianebi xSirad acxadeben, rom isini sakuTar Tavs gmirebad ar aRiqvamen, rom is gaakeTes, rasac maT adgilas sxvebic gaakeTebdnen. situacia, romelic dauyovnebel, sasicocxlo mniSvnelobis qmedebas moiTxovs, SesaZloa, zogierTi adamianisaTvis moqmedebis biZgad iqces. meores mxriv, amgvari situacia adamianTa sxva nawilSi gansxvavebul reaqcias iwvevs, rac daxmarebaze uaris Tqmas, problemisaTvis Tavis aridebas gulisxmobs. rodesac krizisi Tavs iCens xalxmraval adgilas, damswreTa umravlesoba xSirad Tavs ikavebs aqtiuri qmedebisagan, radgan askvnis, rom damswreTagan vinme sxva gamoiCens iniciativas. es fenomeni cnobilia rogorc “gverdiT mdgomis efeqti” (imis gamo, rom personaluri pasuxismgebloba gadanawilebulia bevr adamianze, Cven sxvas vuTmobT “gmiris rols”).

adamianTa garkveul nawils SesaZloa, gaaCndes gansakuTrebuli pirovnuli maxasiaTeblebi, romlebic ubiZgebs mas, moiqces gmirulad da gamoiCinos altruizmi. rogorc mkvlevarebi ganmartaven, adamianebi, romlebmac SesZles da daarwmunes sakuTari Tavi imaSi, rom rTul situaciebSi SeuZliaT Tavdajerebulad imoqmedon, sagangebo viTarebaSi sxvebze swrafad reagireben da sworad moqmedeben. gmirebad ibadebian Tu gmirebad iqcevian? erT-erTi yvelaze aqtualuri kiTxva, romlis garSemoc mkvlevarebi didi xania, daoben, dakavSirebulia bunebisa da aRzrdis rolebTan pirovnebis CamoyalibebaSi. gmiroba Tandayolili Tvisebaa, Tu am Tvisebis SeZena mxolod cxovrebis ganmavlobaSia SesaZlebeli? “zogierTebi daoben imaze, adamianebi kargebad ibadebian Tu cudebad; Cemi azriT es absoluturi uazrobaa,” – ganmartavs fili p zimbardo, fsiqologi, romelmac moawyo “stenfordis cixis eqsperimenti” – “Cven vibadebiT SesaZleblobaTa uzarmazari maragiT, romelsac SeuZlia, nebismieri saxe mogvces, da vyalibdebiT im garemoebaTa zegavleniT, romelSic gviwevs cxovreba – Cveni ojaxi, kultura an drois is monakveTi, romelSic vizrdebiT, romelic SemTxveviTia dabadebidan moyolebuli.” da bolos, Tu gmiroba marTlac iseTi faqtoria, romlis gavrcelebac SesaZlebelia, ra gziT SeiZleba, wavaqezoT adamianebi, moiqcnen gmirulad? wyaro: psychology.about.com

Tu stresi gawuxebT, daZabuli da Sewuxebuli xarT, scadeT meditacia. ramdenimewuTian meditacias SeuZlia,rom aRgidginoT simSvide da Sinagani simyudrove. yvelas SeuZlia meditaci,. es martivi da iafia. ar sWirdeba rame specialuri aRWurviloba. meditireba SegiZlia yvelgan, sadac udna iyo: quCaSi, avtobusSi eqimis mosacdel oTaxSi an Tundac daZabuli biznes Sexvedris SualedSi. urTierTgagebis meditacia meditacia praqtikaSi uve aTasobiT welia arsebobs. meditacia Tavdapirvelad gamoiyeneboda cxovrebis wminda da mistikuri Zalebis Rrma gagebisTvis. dResdReobiT meditacia farTod gamoiyeneba gantvirTvisTvis da stresis mosaxsnelad. meditacia ganixileba, rogorc sxeulisa da gonebis aratradiciuli medicina. misi Sedegia Rrma relaqsacia da mSvidi goneba. meditaciis dros akontroleb Sens gonebas da Tavidan iSoreb iseT fiqrebs, romlebic gonebaSi agroveben stress. am procesis Sedegi aris fsiqikuri da emociuri keTildReobis zrda. meditaciis upiratesobebi

meditacias SeuZlia gamoiwvios goenbrivi simSvide, romelic sasargebloa, rogorc emociuri keTildReobisTvis, aseve janmrTelobisTvis da es sargebeli ar mTavrdeba maSin, roca meditaciis seansi sruldeba. meditacias SeuZlia dagexmaros ifiqro ufro mSvidad dRis ganmavlobaSi da SeuZlia, rom gaaumjobesos fizikuri mdgomareoba.. meditacia da emociuri keTildRoba roca meditireb,Tavisufldebi im zedmeti informaciisgan, romelic grovdeba mTeli dRis ganmavlobaSi da iwvevs stress. meditaciis emociuri sargebloba moicavs: axali perspeqtivebis daufleba stresul situaciaSi;unar-Cvevebis gamomuSaveba stresis samarTavad;zrdis TviTcnobierebas;fokusirdeba awmyoze; amcirebs negatiur emociebs. meditacia da avadmyofoba meditacia gamoiyeneba, aseve, samedicino mkurnalobis dros. gansakuTrebiT maSin, roca stresi aZlierebs avadmyofobas. sul ufro meti mkvlevari uWers mxars janmrTelobis gasaumjobeseblad meditacias, Tumca zogierT mkvlevars miaCnia, rom SeuZlebelia meditaciiT saboloo Sedegis miRweva. amis gaTvaliswinebiT, zogierTi mkvlevari gvTavazobs meditacias, romelic dagexmarebaT Semdeg viTarebaSi: alergia; asTma; SfoTva; Warbi kveba; kibo; depresia; daRliloba; gulis daavadebebi; tkivili; Zilis problemebi;maRali arteriuli wneva. Tumca manam, sanam meditacias mimarTavT, gamoelaparakeT eqims mis dadebiT da uaryofiT mxareebze. zogierT SemTxvevaSi meditaciam SeiZleba ukureaqcia gamoiwvios. gansakuTrebiT maSin, roca saqme exeba fsiqikur da gonebriv problmebs. meditacia ar anacvlebs tradiciuli mkurnalobis formebs, magram SeiZeba iyos sasargeblo danamati sxvadasxva mkurnalobis dros. meditaciis ti pebi arsebobs uamravi meditaciisa da gantvirTvis forma, romelic Seicavs meditaciis elementebs. TiToeuli maTganis mizania Sinagani simSvidis miRweva. marTvadi meditacia. xandaxan uwodeben marTavad gamosaxulebas an vizualizacias. amgavri meditaciis dros Tqven qmniT gonebriv suraTebs: adgilebs an situacias, sadac ganitvirTebiT. cdilobT, rom gamoiyenoT rac SeiZelba meti SegrZneba, iseTebi, rogorebicaa: suni, sinaTle, xmebi, struqturebi. es procesi SeiZleba mimdinareobdes maswavleblis an instruqtoris daxmarebiT. gonebrivi meditacia. es aris meditaciis ti pi, roca wynarad imeoreb damamSvidebel sityvebs, fiqrebs an frazebs, raTa aRmofxvraT Semawuxebeli fiqrebi. koncentraciis meditacia. meditaci-

is es ti pi dafuZnebulia princi pze, rom iyo yuradRebiT, koncentrirebuli da mogwondes awmyoTi cxovreba. fokusireba xdeba imaze, Tu ras ganicdi meditaciis dros. SegiZlia daakvirde fiqrebs da grZnobebs, magram ar gansji arcerT fiqrs da zraxvas. Qi gong - es savarjiSo moicavs meditacias, rogorc gantvirTvas fizikuri moZraobebisa da sunTqvis savarjiSoebs Soris balansis aRdgenisa da SenarCunebisTvis. Qi gong - aris tradiciuli Cinuri meditacia. Tai chi - aris meditaciis is forma, romelic gamoiyeneba mSvid Cinur sabrZolo xelovnebaSi. is moicavs pozebsa da nel moZraobebs, moxdenil manevrs Rrma sunTqvis savarjiSoebis TanxlebiT. ioga - Tqven asrulebT sxvadasxva moZraobebs da gansazRvrul sunTqviT savarjiSoebs, raTa miiRoT ufro moqnili sxeuli da mSvidi goneba. pozebi moiTxovs balanssa da koncentracias. xar gamxnevebuli da naklebad fiqrob daZabul dReze da ufro koncentrirebuli xar mocemul momentze. meditaciis elementebi gansxvavebuli ti pis meditacia moicavs gansxvavebul gzebs meditirebisTvis. es damokidebulia imaze, Tu visi meTvalyureobis qveS xdeba meditireba, vin aris instruqtori. zogierTi yvelaze cnobili meditaciis niSan-Tvsiebebia: yuradRebis koncentrireba. yuradRebis koncentrireba meditaciis erT-erTi mniSvnelovani nawilia. yuradRebis koncentrireba aris is, rac gexmareba gaaTavisuflo goneba bevri damRleli fiqrisgan, rac iwvevs stressa da wuxils. SegiZlia, gonebis fokusireba moaxdino gansazRvrul sagnebze, suraTze, sityvebze, an sunTqvaze. momadunebeli sunTqva. moicavs Rrma sunTqvas diafragmis daxmarebiT, romelic afarToebs filtvebs. mizani aris Seanelo sunTqva, miiRo meti Jangbadi, Seamciro mxrebis, yelisa da mkerdis zeda kunTis gamoyeneba sunTqvis dros. amgvarad Tqven isunTqebT ufro sworad. mSvidad jdoma. Tuki damwyebi xarT, jobs, rom SearCioT iseTi garemo, sadac ar iqneba telefoni, televizori, radio. roca ufro kvalificiuri gaxdebiT, SeZlebT, rom yvelgan moaxerxoT meditireba. gansakuTrebiT, maRali stresul situaciebSi, sadac yvelaze metad gWirdebaT gantvirTva, moZraobis gadatvrTvis, stresuli samsaxurebrivi Sexvedris, an bostneulis maRaziis grZel rigSi. mosaxerxebeli pozicia. Tqven SegiZliaT scadoT meditireba miuxedavad imisa ziaxarT, wevxarT, moZraobT. ubralod scadeT, rom iyoT moxerxebulad da mzad iqnebiT meditaciisTvis. yoveldRiuri saSualebebi meditaciis varjiSisTvis. Tqven SegiZliaT, rom SeuerTdeT specialur meditaciis jgufebs, romelebsac xelmZRvaneloben instruqtorebi da, aseve, SegiZliaT, rom Tavadac martivad dakavdeT meditaciiT. es SegiZliaT gaakeToT formaluradac da araformaluradac, rogorc mogwonT.

Tqveni stilis nebismieri tansacmliT da nebismier situaciaSi. zogierTi adamianisTvis meditacia yoveldRiuri cxovrebis wesia. magaliTad, isini iwyeben da amTavreben dRes saaTiani meditaciiT. aq aris meditaciis ramdenime xerxi, romelebic SegiZliaT, rom damoukideblad gaakeToT; Rrmad sunTqva. es xerxi aris kargi damwyebebisTvis, radgan sunTqva organizmis bunebrivi funqciaa. koncentracia moaxdineT sunTqvaze. daakvirdiT, SeigrZeniT da mousmineT CasunTqvas da amosunTvas. isunTqeT Rrmad da nela. roca yuradReba gagefantebaT, mSvidad moaxdineT fokusireba kvlav sunTqvaze. daakvirdiT Tqvens sxeuls. am xerxis gamoyenebis dros koncentrireba xdeba sxeulis sxvadasxava nawilze. Seiswavle sxeulis SegrZnebebi. SeuTavseT sxeu-

gagrZeleba gv.12


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mediatori

"onlain Sopingi" saqarTveloSi dasawyisi gv.11

TaTa bereliZe

lis Seswavla da sunTqvis savarjiSoebi erTmaneTs. warmoidgineT sunTqvis siTbo da igrZeniT Tqveni sxeulis simsubuqe. gaimeoreT sityvebi. SegiZliaT SeqmnaT Tqveni sakuTari sityvebi - religiuri an saero. magaliTad, religiuri sityvebi moicavs iesos locvebs qristianuli tradiciiT. wminda sityvebi hinduizmidan, budizmidan an sxva aRmosavluri religiebidan. siaruli da meditacia. siarulisa da meditaciis Serwyma efeqturi da janmrTali gzaa gantvirTvis. es xerxi SegiZlia gamoiyeno sadac unda dadiode, wynar tyeSi Tu qalaqSi, trotuarze. roca am meTods iyeneb, Seamcire nabijebis zoma, amgavrad koncentrirebas moaxden fexis TiToeul moZraobaze. nu dawvrilmandebi adgil-mdebareobaze. koncentireba moaxdine fexebsa da terfebze. gaimeore moZravi sityvebi gonebaSi, rogoric aris magaliTad, aweva, moZraoba. kiTxva da fiqri. bevri adamiani ambobs rom isini sargeblobas iReben poemebis an wminda werilebis kiTxvisgan. ramodenime wuTis Svidad fiqroben, raTa bolomde Cawvdnen ars, mniSvnmelobas. aseve SegiZlia mousmino wminda musikas, nebismieri saxis musikas da sityvebs romlebic modunebisken gibiZgebs. gamoimuSaveT meditaciis unar-Cvevebi nu gansji meditaciis xerxs, romelic gimcirebs stress. meditacias swavlob praqtikaSi. gaiTvaliswineT, rom SesaZloa goneba gagefantoT meditaciis dros. ar aqvs mniSvneloba, Tu ramden xans meditirebT. Tuki meditirebT, raTa daimSvidoT goneba da yuradReba gefantebaT, nela-nela kvlav daubrundiT sagans, moZraobas, SegrZnebebs, romelebzec iyaviT koncentrirebuli. scade da sabolood mixvdebi, Tu romeli ti pis meditacia Segefereba da romeli mogwons yvelaze metad. moarge meditaciis ti pi Sens saWiroebebs. daimaxsovre, rom ar arsebobs meditaciis swori da araswori gza. mniSvnelovani is, rom meditacia gexmareba stresis SemcirebaSi da Tavs grZnob bevrad ukeTesad. wyaro: www.mayoclinic.com

`onlainSopingi~ saqarTveloSi Zalian popularulia. ra ganapirobebs internetvaWrobis popularobas, ra valdebulebebi aqvs Suamaval kompanias momxmareblis winaSe da ra perspeqtiva SeiZleba hqondes mas momavalSi?

dResdReobiT saqarTveloSi ,,onlainSopingi” gansakuTrebuli popularobiT sargeblobs. amis mizezi bevria, erTi is, rom misi saSualebiT xarisxiani nivTis dabal fasad SeZenaa SesaZlebeli, amasTanave, `onlainSopingi~ martivi gzaa sasurveli nivTis saxlidan gausvlelad SesaZenad, garda amisa, produqciis didi arCevania, rac kidev ufro met xibls sZens mas. miuxedavad dadebiTi faqtorebisa, nivTebis miRebis Semdeg momxmareblebi garkveuli problemebis winaSe mainc dgebian, problema SeiZleba iyos araswori zoma, dazianebuli produqcia, xarisxis Seusabamoba saitze naCveneb xarisxTan SedarebiT da a.S. Tumca problemebis miuxedavad, `Sopingis~ moyvarulTa nawili onlain gamoweras xSirad mimarTavs da amiT kmayofilia. `onlainSopingis~ erT-erTi moyvaruli 20 wlis ana tyebuCavaa, is xSirad sargeblobs am meTodiT da ambobs,rom problema arasdros Seqmnia: - `onlainSopings~ viyeneb im martivi mizezis gamo, rom SeiZleba SeiZino bevrad ufro xarisxiani produqti gacilebiT iafad, vidre adgilobriv maRa-

ziebSi. amasTanave, dadebiTi faqtoria isic, rom arCevani Zalian didia. rac Seexeba zomebs, es CemTvis problema araa, radgan ukve didi xania, `Sopingis~ am formiT vsargeblob da kargad verkvevi am procesSi, CemTvis arc lodinia Semawuxebeli, vfiqrob, rom roca raRacas elodebi, Relav da ufro azartuli xar, amiT ixangrZliveb siamovnebas. amitom vTvli, rom `onlainSopingi~ bevrad ufro mosaxerxebeli da komfortuli gzaa sasurveli nivTis SesaZenad.~ arseboben adamianebi, romlebic miiCneven, rom `onlainSopingi~ naklebad komfortuli da mouxerxebelia. erT-erTi maTgani sofo burdulia. misTvis lodini arc azartia da arc siamovnebis gaxangrZliveba, garda amisa, erTxel ukve Camouvida dazianebuli fexsacmeli, amitom Tvlis,rom maRaziebSi siaruli,tansacmlisa Tu fexsacmlis kargad morgeba da Semdeg SeZena bevrad ufro komfortuli gzaa sasurveli nivTis SesaZenad da es misTvis sasiamovno daRlasTan asocirdeba: - „onlainSopings~ maRaziebSi siaruli mirCevnia, radgan gamowerisas ori kviras da, xSirad, erT Tvesac miwevs lodini da yovelTvis vnerviulob, sxva zoma ar Camovides an rame problema ar Semeqmnas, amitomac mirCevnia erTi dRe megobrebTan erTad gavide, mTeli dRe viSopingo da saxlSi sasiamovnod daRlili davbrunde..~ maRaziebidan onlain gamowerili produqcia momxmareblebamde sxvadasxva gadamzidavi kompaniebis daxmarebiT midis. pirveli nabiji romelime gadamzidavi kompaniis saitze daregistrireba da piradi angariSis gaaqtiurebaa. daregistrirebis Semdeg ki momxmarebels eZleva kompaniis sawyobis amerikuli misamarTi, romelic nivTis gamowerisas unda miuTiTon, ris Semdegac produqcia maT amerikul misamarTze moxvdeba, kompania ki mis transportirebas uzrunvelyofs. erT-erTi kompania `besteqsi~, romelic Suamdgomlobs momxmarebelsa da onlain maRaziebs Soris, qarTul bazarze 3 welia muSaobs. rogorc kompaniis xelmZRvaneli irakli bazaZe aRniSnavs, momxmarebelTa ricxvi

yovelwliurad 20-dan 35 %-mde izrdeba, rac imis maniSnebelia, rom `onlainSopingi~ ufro da ufro popularuli xdeba: - `pirvel adgilze popularobiT tansacmeli da fexsacmelia, Semdeg -eleqtro teqnika, rasac moyveba wvrilmani aqsesuarebi da a.S. pasuxismgeblobas imaze, rom nivTi ar daikargeba da dazianebuli ar Camova 50$-is farglebSi Cven viRebT. es pasuxismgebloba gvekisreba mas Semdeg, rac nivTi Seva amerikis sawyobSi. ~ onlain gamoweras samarTlebrivi kuTxiT ganixilavs iuristi sofio leJava da ambobs, rom eleqtronuli gamowerebis Sesaxeb konkretuli Caanaweri samoqalaqo kodeqsSi ar arsebobs, Tumca, misi TqmiT, urTierToba momxmarebelsa da kompanias Soris samoqalaqo samarTlebrivi urTierTobiT regulirdeba: `unda aRiniSnos, rom `maxinji~ praqtikis Sesabamisad, aseT SemTxvevebSi xelSekruleba ar formdeba, aramed mxareTa Soris arsebuli SeTanxmebis damadasturebeli dokumenti aris ,,invoisi” da gadaxdis damadasturebeli dokumenti. es ukanaskneli kidev warmoSobs zianis moTxovnis uflebas, Tuki mxare ar Seasrulebs nakisr valdebulebas.~ saqarTveloSi gansakuTrebuli popularobiT amerikuli onlain maRaziebi sargeblobs. maTi popularoba ki fasebze, xarisxsa da arCevanis mravalferovnebazea damokidebuli. qarTveli momxmareblebi, miuxedavad zomebTan dakavSirebuli problemebisa, mainc Tvlian, rom `onlainSopingi~ nivTis SeZenis erT-erTi martivi da komfortuli gzaa, radgan swored Sopingis es meTodi aZlevs momxmarebels saSualebas, dabal fasad da saxlidan gausvlelad SeiZinos xarisxiani produqcia, amasTanave - SeiZinos is, rac xelmiuwvdomelia qarTul bazarze. marketologi zaqaria zalikaSvili aRniSnavs, rom `onlainSopingis~ popularobis tendencia SeiZleba Seicvalos mxolod im SemTxvevaSi, Tu gaizrdeba maRaziebis raodenoba da fasebic saerTo evropul an amerikul standartTan miaxloebuli iqneba.

epilacia da misi mravalferovneba gvanca gzdeliani uamrav qals da aramarto qals awuxebs sxeulze arasasurveli Tmis arseboba da imisTvis, rom gaTavisufldes am problemisgan, mraval saSualebas mimarTavs. epilatori, depilatori, samarTebeli... mravali saSualebaTa Soris zogi met Sedegs iZleva, zogic - naklebs...

erTerTi aseTi gavrcelebuli meTodia bioepilacia (biomeqanikuri epilacia). am procedurisTvis iyeneben naturalur fiss, romelic kans ar aRizianebs da alergiul reaqcias ar iwvevs. fesvis aRdgenasa da kanis zedapirze Tmis amosvlas 3 kviridan 1,5 Tvemde sWirdeba anu efeqti sakmaod xangrZlivia. garda amisa es procedura sagrZnoblad aaxalgazrdavebs daberebul da mSral kans. eplaciis Semdgom kanis mosavlelad mravali saSualeba arsebobs. msgavs saSualebs miekuTvneba Tmis zrdis inhibitorebi, romelic gaRizianebul kans amSvidebs. am preparats naturaluri mcenareuli eq straqtebi udevs safuZvlad. sasurvelia isini

epilaciis dasrulebisTanave waisvaT, raTa aqtiurma nivTierebebma daubrkoleblad SeaRwion Tmis arxSi da zemoqmedeba moaxdinon bolqvebze. am saSualebiT Tmis zrda sabolood ar wydeba, samagierod epilaciis Catareba gacilebiT naklebi sixSiriT aris saWiro. am saxis epilacias erTi xarvezic aqvs, misi saxeze Catareba araa sasurveli. dRes sxeulze arasasurveli Tmis moSorebis yvelaze efeqtur da umtkivneulo saSualebad sxivuri an eleqtroepilacia iTvleba. es ukanaskneli gulisxmobs Tmis budeebis daSlas. misi Catareba sxeulis nebismier nawilSi SeiZleba, maT Soris saxezec. eleqtroepilacia spobs Tmas, romelic kanis zedapiridan 3_4 mm_is siRrmezea da aferxebs mis zrdas. unda aRiniSnos, rom es procedura droSi gawelilia da ramdenjerme saWiroebs ganmeorebas. Tumca ganmeorebiT proceduras winasTan SedarebiT gacilebiT naklebi dro sWirdeba. sasurvelia, epilaciis dros saepilacio nemsebis nacvlad volframis Txeli Zafebi gamoiyenon. rac Seexeba procedurisgan gamowveul tkivils, mas yvela erTnairad ver grZnobs, gansakuTrebiT mtkivneuli adgilebis damuSaveba anesTeziiT unda moxdes. eleqtroepilaciis upiratesoba imaSi mdgoareobs, rom epilacia SesaZlebelia Catardes miuxedavad imisa, ra ti pis Tma an kani aqvs pacients, radgan arCeven optimalur reJims, Tmisa da kanis ti pis mixedviT. aseve, ramdenime proceduris Semdeg, samudamod xdeba zedmeti Tmis moSoreba sxeulidan. amavdroulad, ar iwvevs Tmis Caxvevas. rac Seexeba uaryofiT mxares, arsebobs infeqciis SeWris saSiSroeba, radgan irRveva kanis qsovili, Tumca specialistebi, erTjeradi eleqtrodebisa da xelTaTmanebis gamoyenebiT, am risks nulamde amcierben. meore, epilaciis Catarebis Semdeg, arsebobs nawiburebis, folikulitebisa da hi perpigmentaciis warmoqmnis albaToba, rac arasasurveli movlenaa, Tumca am saSiSroebis Tavidan arideba TviTon pacientzea damokidebuli, man Tavs sworad unda mouaros im saSualebebiT, romlebic specialistebisganaa rekomendebuli. aseve, proceduridan 12 saaTis ganmavlobaSi damuSavebuli adgilebis wyliT dasveleba da garujva araa

rekomendebuli, 2 kviris manZilze saWiroa mzisgan damcavis gamoyeneba. uaryofiT mxaresTan erTad epilacias aqvs ukuCvenebac. es emarTebaT im adamianebs, romlebsac aqvT mZime daavadebebi, Saqriani diabeti, asTma, nervul_fsiqikuri aSliloba, avTvisebiani axalwarmonaqmnebi kanze, hi pertoniis mZime formebi, gulis daavadebebi, infeqciuri daavadebebi. aseve araa rekomendebuli epilaciis Catareba kritikul dReebSi, fexmZimobis dros, aseve, im SemTxvevaSic, Tu pacients Cadgmuli aqvs saSvilosnos Sida spirali. sxivuri epilacia iyofa lazerul da fotoepilaciebad. isini axlaxan damkvidrebuli meTodebia da axdens Tu ara organizmze uaryofiT gavlenas, jer ar viciT. Tumca specialistebi, romlebic am meTods iyeneben, gvarwmuneben maT uvneblobaSi. saqarTveloSi orive saxis procedura tardeba. qarTveli specialistebic dadebiTad afaseben sxivuri epilaciis am or ganxras. rac Seexeba lazerul epilacias, eleqtroepilaciisgan gansxvavebiT, romelic Tmis Rerebis cal_calke moSorebas gulisxmobs, lazeruli epilaciis impulsebi Tmis ramdenime Rers erTdroulad aSorebs. amis gamo is sakmaod swrafi da SedarebiT umtkivneuloa. fotoepilacia Tmis moSorebis erTerTi yvelaze axali meTodia, romelic gulisxmobs sxivuri talRebis Tmaze zemoqmedebas. kanis SerCeul 5 kvadratuli santimetris ubanze, specialuri mowyobilobidan daasxiveben sinaTlis xilul sxivebs da mokle diapazonis infrawiTel sxivebs, romlis fotonebic Tmis daSlas iwvevs. cnobilia, rom fotoepilaciis Semdeg Tavi unda SeikavoT odekolonis, sunamoebis, spirtis Semcveli sxvadasxva tonikisa da losionis xmarebisgan, radgan am yovelivem SesaZloa pigmenturi laqebis warmoqmnas Seuwyos xeli. seansamde ori kviriT adre da seansidan 2 kviris Semdeg, araa rekomendebuli mzeze garujva da epilaciis Catareba sxva saSualebebiT. sazogadoebaSi epilaciaze araerTgvarovani reaqciaa. miuxedavad imisa, rom specialistebi misi Sedegebis damajereblobas irwmunebian, zogs es meTodi arc Tu ise san-

dod miaCnia. 20 wlis mari epilaciaze Tavis azrs gveubneba: _CagitarebiaT Tu ara romelime saxis epilacia? _mxolod bioepilacia, sxva saSualebebs ver vendobi. ar vici ratom, magram mgonia, uaryofiTi Sedegi mohyveba. bevri nacnobi myavs, vinc eleqtro- an lazerul epilacias ikeTebs. bevri kmayofilia, bevric - ukmayofilo. kargad maxsovs, Cemma nacnobma zeda tuCze rom gaikeTa eleqtroepilacia, ramdenime dRes dasiebuli tuCiT dadioda, Tan mere gamoayara kidec.. mokled, saSineli sanaxavi iyo.. ase ver gavriskav... sxva Tu araferi, amitom ar minda epilacia. 23 wlis ekas epilaciaze sxvagvari damokidebuleba aqvs. _lazerul epilacias xSirad vikeTeb, TiTqmis mTel sxeulze araerTxel maqvs gakeTebuli da Zalian kmayofili var. Tmis mocilebis saukeTeso saSualebad mimaCnia da yvelas vurCev imave xerxs mimarTon. _gisargebliaT Tu ara fotoepilaciiT? _samwuxarod, ara, magram msmenia, rom gacilebiT ufro efeqturia sxva saSualebebTan SedarebiT. ar vici ramdenad marTalia, magram mainc vcdidi. _CagitarebiaT bioepilacia? _diax, magram alergia momca. mokled mirCevnia lazeruli an eleqtroepilacia gavikeTo. _Tqveni azriT, ra aris imis mizezi, rom xalxis nawils ar miaCnia sandod eleqtroepilacia? _is, rom sazogadoeba arainformirebulia, xalxs ar aqvs elementaruli codna imis Sesaxeb, Tu rogor unda mouaros Tavs epilaciis Semdeg da cud Sedegs gauTviTcnobiereblad abraleben eqimebs. aRsaniSnavia, rom Warbi Tmis mocilebis umtkivneulo, swrafi da absoluturi efeqtis mqone meTodi ukve didi xnis win aRmoaCines: 1896 wels germanelma eqimma freindma sazogadoebas Tmis rentgenis sxivebiT mocileba SesTavaza, magram am meTods amJamad aravin iyenebs.


13

mediatori

qecbaia, rogorc mwvrTneli

mariam axalkaci

ani burduli rorog SeafasebdiT qecbaias rogorc mwrTvnelis 4 wlian muSaobas da unda Seuwyvitos Tu ara federaciam kontraqti?

1. giorgi munjiSvili, 21 wlis, studenti: -qecbaia rogorc mwvrTneli, albaT erT, erTi yvelaze gamorCeulia, Tu gaviTvaliswinebT mis miRwevebs kvi prosul “anarTosisSi”, sadac gacilebiT ukeTesad iaspareza CempionTa ligaze vidre im wels, vidre ramdenime seriozulma grandma, rac, albaT, mTavari motivatori gaxda saqarTveloSi mosawvevad. Zogadad, saqarTvelos nakrebis cud TamaSze pasuxsmgebloba ekisrebaT ufro fexburTelebs, romlebic Tavisi udisci plinobiT gamoirCevian da, rogorc qecbabiam aRniSna, meoTxe adgilze didi xania ar gavsulvarT da, albaT, warmatebacaa, magram rodesac fareris moyvaruli fexburTelebisgan dakompleqtebuli gundi itans met gols vidre saqarTvelo, problema aSkaraa. Tanac es problema saSinelia, roca evropaSi mxolod san marino itans Senze nakleb gols SesarCev etapze. aq mwvrTnelis danaSualic aSkaraa, magram, Cemi azriT, 2 gamosavali arsebobs: an qecbabia unda gavuSvaT da mis magivrad minimalurad anazRaurebadi mwvrTneli davniSnoT, yvelaze minimulurad anazRaurebadi, an davtovoT Temuri, vinaidan masze kargad aravin icnobs qarTul fexburTs da sxva maRalanazRaurebadi mwvrTnelis moyvanas azri ar aqvs. andRulaZe, 23 2 .dito wlis, yofili fexburTeli: -unda Seuwydes kontraqti, nakrebs sWirdeba axali mwrTvneli. mis muSaobas aranairi Sedegi ar moaqvs da zedmetad konfliqturi pirovnebaa. 3. kato SanSiaSvili, 20 wlis, studenti: -Cemi azriT, qecbaias mwvrTnelobam didi araferi Secvala qarTul fexburTSi. kontraqtis Sewyveta Zalze radikaluri reaqcia mgonia. albaT, raime stimuli sWirdebaT, rogorc qecbaias, aseve Cvens fexburTelebs, raTa ufro SemarTebiT imuSaon da xeli Seuwyon qarTuli fexburTis ganviTarebas, raSic qarTveli gulSematkivaric unda daexmaros maT. 4. daviT maisuraZe, 23 wlis. ekonomisti: -bevri ram gaakeTa, magram vfiqrob, rom unda gadadges. saqarTveloSi gvyavs ukeTesi mwrTvnelebi. 5. maTe mumlaZe, 20 wlis, studenti: -miuxedavad imisa, rom Temur qecbaias nakrebis SedegebiT kmayofili ar var, vTvli, rom am etapze misi gaweuli samuSao nakrebSi damakmayofilebelia da Tu gaviTvaliswinebT imas, rom fexburTSi mTavari marto mwvrTneli ar

qarTvelTa solidaroba ukrainel xalxs

aris da valdebuleba fexburTelebsac akisriaT, maSin mimaCnia, rom Temur qecbaia dReisaTvis ualternativoa. kargi iqineba, Tu mas momavali msoflio Cempionatis SesarCevi etapis mSvidad CamTavrebis saSualeba miecema. samwuxarod, dRes qarTveli fexburTelebis didi nawili araprofesionalizmiT gamoirCeva, rac etyoba rogorc maT karieras, aseve qarTul saklubo fexburTsa da erovnul nakrebs. Cemi azriT, swored es aris erT-erTi im mizezTagani, rac saqarTvelos erovnul nakrebs xels uSlis miznebis miRwevaSi da bunebrivia, rom mxolod erovnuli nakrebis mTavar mwvrTnelze joxis gadatexva marTebuli ar iqneba. 6. Tekla daviTuliani, 21 wlis, studenti: -vfiqrob, sxvebTan SedarebiT bevri gaakeTa, waugebeli TamaSebis araerTi seria Caatara, Tumca Sida samzareulo ar vici, magram ar mgonia, rom xizaniSvili ityuebodes masTan dakavSirebiT. 7. laSa usufaSvili, 20 wlis, studenti: -problema feburTelebSia saZebni da ara mwrTvnelSi. iqneboda is kontraqti pirdapir 4-wliani Tu aris 2+2-wliani, amas mniSvneloba ar aqvs. vfiqrob, rom qecbaiaze ukeTesi alternativa dRes qarTul fexburTs ar aqvs. aris gacielbiT ufro mniSvnelovani da sistemuri problemebi, metic, SeiZleba mentaluric. vgulisxmob wonas, fexburTlebis ureJimuo cxvorebas, sakuTar niWTan egoistur damokidebulebasa da ase Semdeg... 8. sofo xundaZe, 17 wlis, moswavle: -momwons, radgan mSvenier konkurencias uweven msoflioSi cnobil gundebs da samarcxvino angariSiT mainc aRar ageben. qecbaia bevr ucxoel mwvrTnelze kargad muSaobs da amis daufasebloba ar SeiZleba. 9. omar tuCaSvili, 21 wlis, studenti: - 4 wlis ganmavlobaSi raRac donis miRwevebi aris, Tumca metic SeiZleboda yofiliyo, rasac federaciis mxridan xelSewyoba sWirdeba. kontraqti ar unda Seuwyviton. ar veTanxmebi maT, vinc lanZRavs qecbaias. 10. giorgi qoqaSvili, 20 wlis, studenti: - dadebiTad, radgan gunds samarcxvino angariSiT arcerTxel ar waugia da ar unda Seuwyviton kontraqti. win svla aris. Cvennairi gundebi sanaxaobriv fexburTs ver iTamaSeben da brZolisunarianoba ukve miRwevaa. bolos da bolos, italiac Sedegze TamaSobs. 11. TamTa mWedliSvili, 20 wlis, studenti: -winsvla namdvilad SeiniSneba da bolo 4 wlis ganmavlobaSi wagebuli TamaSebis raodenoba Semcirda, magram meti muSaobaa saWiro. Vfiqrob, rom ucxoel mwrTvnelebs, romlebsac uamrav fuls uxdian da TamaSs ver igeben, isev qarTveli qecbaia sjobs. 12. dika tatiSvili, 21 wlis, studenti: -nakrebSi gansakuTrebuli cvlileba ar momxdara, magram ramdenime dasamaxsovrebeli TamaSi Caatara. ar mgonia, rom sxva mwrTvnelis SemTxvevaSi aseTi TamaSi yofiliyo. vgulismob xorvatiasTan mogebas, safrangeTTan bolo TamaSsa da espaneTis matCs. misi wasvliT mainc araferi Seicvleba da radgan fexburTelebs ar aqvT is done, rom raime Rirebuls miaRwion, msoflios an evropis Cempionats.

mTavari redaqtori: naTia xvadagiani nomris redaqtori: ani burduli stilits-koreqtori: qeTi mestviriSvili mariam grigalaSvili mari cincaZe damkabadonebeli: mariam takiZe ana tyebuCava xelmZRvaneli: asocirebuli profesori maia toraZe

qTbilisSi, yofili parlamentis SenobasTan ukraineli xalxis mxardasaWeri aqcia gaimarTa. socialur qsel facebook-ze dagegmili aqciis organizatori oTar yaralaSvilia. `Cvens ukrainel megobrebs mxardaWera da Tanadgoma sWirdebaT. isini saSineli Zaladobis pirispir martoni ar unda iyvnen. davdgeT maT gverdze, gavamxnevoT isini, visac axla Zalian uWirs.

Jurnalistebi:

ana RviniaSvili ana tyebuCava ana xaCiZe ani burduli ano maWavariani beqa berulava gvanca gazdeliani qeTi mestviriSvili mariam takiZe maram axalkaci mari cincaZe mariam goCaSvili

ana gulordava maka maRedani marita grigalaSvili mariam menabde ia asaTiani nino gozaliSvili sofo burduli sofo qemaSvili Tamar faiqriZe TaTa bereliZe TaTia kakiaSvili naTia xvadagiani

vaCvenoT, rom maTTan varT. modiT!~ vkiTxulobT organizatoris mowodebas facebook-ze. oTar yaralaSvilis gancxadebiT, ukrainelTa solidarobis aqcia permanentul saxes miiRebs da gagrZeldeba manam, sanam ukraineli xalxi quCaSi idgeba. gTavazobT fotoreportaJs “evromaidan Tbilisidan” (ase uwodeben ukraineli xalxis solidarobis aqcias saqarTveloSi).

fotokospondentebi: ana xaCiZe qeTi mestviriSvili sofo qemaSvili ani burduli


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