Page 65

AGRIEXPORTS Government measures such as allowing export of non-basmati rice and wheat have also led to this growth in exports. These numbers once again highlight the positive role being played by APEDA. Cereals: the Grain Export Potential Agriculture forms the core of Indian economy. The country holds the second position in agricultural production in the world. There is a huge demand for Indian cereals in global markets. In 2011-12, the production of major cereals rice, wheat, maize and bajra stood at 104.32 million tonnes, 93.90 million tonnes, 21.57 million tonnes, and 10.06 million tonnes respectively, according to APEDA’s APEX Update Journal. Rice Rice is second most popular cereal in the world, consumed by 2.7 billion mouths. There are around 4000 different varieties of rice in India. Last fiscal, rice occupied the major share of about 55 per cent in India’s total cereal exports. India is the largest producer, consumer and exporter of Basmati rice in the world. Hundreds of countries import it from India. As per APEDA data, India’s export for Basmati rice stood at Rs. 15,450 Crore during 2011-12. APEDA has identified aromatic shortgrain rice varieties such as kalanamak, tilakchandan, jeerabati, kalajeera, ambemohar, and kala joha, which could be harnessed and developed for export. According to it, “In small and medium grain aromatic rice, there is still a great scope for improvement by selecting short stature, better yielding and early maturing plant type”. Wheat India is the second largest wheat producer in the world. In India, wheat accounts for more than 30 per cent of total foodgrain production. 40 per cent of global arable land is used for wheat cultivation. Numerous varieties of wheat are exported from India to countries like France, Singapore, UAE, and Australia. As per DGCIS annual export data for 2010-11, India’s export of wheat stood at Rs. 59.68 lakhs.

Maize Maize is the third most significant crop in India and is cultivated on about 8.12 million hectares. While globally, it is cultivated in 160 countries with a combined arable land of around 150 million hectares. Presently, India ranks among the top 10 maize producing countries. Maize is largely exported to Bangladesh, Malaysia, Vietnam, Indonesia and UAE. It is also used as animal feed, and for industrial purposes.

import huge quantities from India.

Millet Bajra or pearl millet is among the oldest known cereals in the world. India is No. 1 bajra producer in the world with an annual planting area of 10 million hectares, producing nearly 7.5 million tonnes. India exports bajra to many countries like Sudan, Pakistan, UAE, Yemen and Vietnam. Ragi or finger millet is also exported to Nepal, Sri Lanka, Pakistan and UAE.

Oats Oats is grown in 5 lakh hectares of and in India, and is also used for medicinal purposes. The multifaceted grain is exported to UAE, Sri Lanka and Nigeria.

Barley Barley is grown on 0.63 million hectares with a production of 1.20 million tonnes. There has been a steady fall in the area and production of this crop since the beginning of the green revolution. UAE, Bhutan, Oman, Bahrain and Nepal

Sorghum After wheat, Sorghum (Jowar) occupies the largest are allotted for cultivation in India. This cereal is also used to make starch and ethanol, apart from being used in the manufacture of adhesives and paper. India is 7th largest producer of Sorghum in the world. It is also an important animal feed.

Rye Rye belongs to wheat family and is grown extensively as a grain and as a forage crop. Like barley, it is also used as human food and animal feed. It is used to make breads, beer and other alcoholic drinks. Rye flour is exported to New Zealand, Saudi Arabia, Nepal and Norway. According to APEDA, other than wheat and rice, the overall exports of the cereals were reported to be worth

AgriBusiness & Food Industry w October 2012



India's only monthly magazine having maximum presence in National & International Exhibitions. Regular topics cover the food processing sect...


India's only monthly magazine having maximum presence in National & International Exhibitions. Regular topics cover the food processing sect...