Page 24


Challenges of dairy industry

Excerpts from keynote address by Rajni Sekhri Sibal


he Animal Husbandry, Dairy Development and Fisheries sectors play an important role in the national economy and in the socio-economic development of the country. These sectors also play a significant role in supplementing family incomes and generating gainful employment in the rural sector, particularly among the landless labourers, small and marginal farmers and women, besides providing cheap nutritional food to millions of people. Livestock are the best insurance against the vagaries of nature like drought, famine and other natural calamities. Sector’s Contribution The contribution of livestock sector in agriculture in terms of output, which was 17.3 per cent during 1980-81, increased to 28.40 per cent in 2009-10. Similarly, contribution of the sector to National GDP has been around 5 per cent over the years, despite pronounced variation observed in contribution of crop sector to National GDP, indicating the stability of the livestock sector. The value of output from livestock and fisheries sector together at current prices was about Rs. 4,614 billion during 201011 and the contribution of milk alone is about Rs 2,622 billion which was higher than paddy, wheat and sugarcane. India stands first in terms of the bovine population having 20% of the world’s population. In spite of India’s position as highest producer of milk, productivity of our bovines is very poor. It is only 1525.20 Kgs/year as compared to the world average of 2,159 Kg/year. The productivity in China and Pakistan are 2140 Kg/year and 1681 Kg/year respectively. We know that the low productivity in our country is mainly due to low genetic potential for milk

milk processing machines, packaging systems and so many other products were on display. Modernisation is vital for dairy development in India, since, only 16 per cent of the milk is at present handled by the organised sector. As a result, only a very small percentage of milk is being

production of non-descript bovines and poor level of nutrition. Yield Increase The milk production in India during last decade increased from 78.3 million tonnes to 121.85 million tonnes. As per FAO, the average growth in milk production in the world during last decade was at 2.2% whereas in India the annual growth rate for the domestic milk production is higher at 4.2% for the corresponding period. An increase in the growth rate of milk production has contributed to increase in the per capita availability of milk close to world average, notwithstanding the increase in human population. Major Constraints In the livestock sector, major constraints experienced by farmers relate to breed, feed and fodder, health care and remunerative prices for the produce. The policy envisages addressing these issues through adopting an appropriate strategy. As Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries is a State subject; the emphasis of the Department has been on supplementing efforts of the State Governments in the development of these sectors. The Department of Animal Husbandry has been providing assistance to the State Governments for the control of animal diseases, scientific management and upgradation of genetic resources, increasing availability of nutritious feed and fodder, sustainable development of processing and marketing facilities and enhancement of production and profitability of livestock and fisheries enterprises. India -- an emerging market India is one of the biggest emerging markets, with over 1.2 billion population and a 300 million strong middle class. Rapid urbanisation, increased literacy, increased participation of women in workforce and

processed into value added products. Inaugural Session: The South Asian Dairy Congress was inaugurated by Ms. Rajni Sekhri Sibal, Joint Secretary Dept. of Animal Husbandry, Dairying & Fisheries, Ministry of Agriculture New Delhi. In her key note address,

rising per capita income, all have caused rapid growth and changes in demand patterns, leading to tremendous new opportunities for exploiting the large latent market. Demand for milk continues to rise on account of increased consumption and growing population. The per capita household consumption of milk has increased both in rural and urban areas. Government Support Government is actively supporting the dairy sector by implementing various schemes like National Dairy Plan (Phase-I), National Project for Cattle and Buffalo Breeding (NPCBB), Fodder and Feed development scheme, Intensive Dairy Development Programme, Strengthening Infrastructure for Quality & Clean Milk Production, Assistance to Cooperatives & Dairy Entrepreneurship Development Scheme to increase the milk production in the country. The Government through suitable Interventions is assisting dairy cooperatives in creation of infrastructure and improving conditions in dairy plants to ensure proper hygiene and food safety. Cooperative dairy plants are assisted in implementing food safety and quality management systems, achieving energy efficient operation and maintaining clean environment. n

she highlighted the growing relevance of efforts to enhance productivity of milch animals, health management and supply chain management. She assured all possible help for development of dairy industry in India and invited suggestions of dairy professionals

AgriBusiness & Food Industry w October 2012



India's only monthly magazine having maximum presence in National & International Exhibitions. Regular topics cover the food processing sect...


India's only monthly magazine having maximum presence in National & International Exhibitions. Regular topics cover the food processing sect...