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MeD MaNiA Think Positive .. Think MeD-MaNiA

MeD-Fun Facts

FRUIT of the MONTH

INSOMNIA

10 Tips for Dry Skin

MeD-RaTiNgS

Energy Medicine

Fall issue 2012


Mission Statement Med-Mania feeds your curiosity about the most random topics in medicine. It digs deeper to provide you with the ultimate insight from the wonders of alternative medicine to the history of some of the most important cures along with the magazine’s specials like the fruit of the month, med-ratings, some tips for your skin ...... and much more.

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CONTEnt • Why some people are starting to like needles .......3 • Would you like a cure with your tea? ....................5 • The Magic of Energy Medicine ..............................7

Last Name:

• Mental Diseases: Causes and Cures .......................9 • Having trouble falling asleep?! ............................11

E-mail:

• 10 tips for dry skin ...............................................13 • History of Insulin .................................................15

Password:

• Fruit of the Month ...............................................17 • Wanna know what famous scientist shares the

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same horoscope with you?! ..................................18 • Top 10 Greatest Medical Discoveries of All Time .....19

I finally found this MAGAZINE!

by d e t ea r C Dima El Sakka Ola Abdalla Shereen Ali 1

• Med-Fun Facts! .......................................................21 • Med-Ratings ..........................................................23 • Fun & Games .........................................................25 • References ..............................................................27 2


“I want me some acupuncture”! Why Some People Are Starting to Like Needles When the word acupuncture comes to mind, it may seem as a form of alternative medicine that is somehow modern, but it is in fact very, very old, old to the point where it is believed to have first been used in eras as early as the stone age, where instead of metal needles, they were made out of bones and stone! Now that metal needles are used, they have shrunken to the size of two human hairs! You can give it a try now and pull two pieces of your hair out \ and see how thin that is! Maybe that would hurt a bit, unlike acupuncture needles that are actually painless! None the less acupuncture has developed to become a world renowned form of alternative medicine and a controversy in the world of science on how effective its treatments are. What’s quite interesting about acupuncture, is that it existed at some point in its evolvement in a phase where medicine and demonology were the same practice, in what’s called a ‘demonic phase’, until it grew out on its own through theories and practice. Although the exact date of the beginning of acupuncture is undetermined, it is safe to say that it has been around for more than 2 millennia. So it’s safe to say it’s been around for a while. But why acupuncture? You might ask. Well, in Chinese medicine, living organisms are thought to have some type of energy called the “Qi”, when there’s an imbalance in our “Qi”, acupuncturists manipulate 3

the needles into specific points to return that balance. It is generally based on balancing the acts of yin (feminine, calm, cooling, subtle, hormonal) quality in each of us, and the yang (the masculine, energetic, mobile, powerful counterweight) quality as well. Yin is what provides energy for the Qi that moves our blood that moves the yang. In order to be healthy, we need to find some sort of balance in qi and blood flow, which can be done by fixing up our yin and yang levels through acupuncture, which helps the blood flow properly, so the cycle can continue. Though there is lack of evidence that acupuncture really works, when people go ‘under the needle’ with a mindset that they’ll come out pain free, that is usually what happens, otherwise called the “placebo effect” which “arises from the patient’s expectations concerning the treatment rather than from the treatment itself” making the treatment successful. Acupuncture regularly requires you to be a believer more than a thinker! And it has been trying to find evidence to fit the theories, instead of the opposite way around, which is how oriental medicine or alternative medicine usually works. That does not necessarily mean that acupuncture is a hoax, many people believe in it, and it makes them feel better and relieves them from their pain. So try it out, book a doctor’s appointment now - but make sure that acupuncturist knows what they’re doing! And let us know what you think! Are you one of those believers?? 4


Would You Like a Cure with Your Tea? If you pay a visit to some of those small little towns that you may find when you’re travelling between one major city to

another on the agricultural roads of Egypt, you’ll find that in less developed societies where people are simple and content, they are not used to throwing down your average headache pill with a cup of water whenever they feel like it’s coming down on

them. What usually happens is they open their medieval style cabinets, and take out a leaf or two of who knows what, add it to boiling water, and voila, problem solved. These natural remedies are quite effective, making them the closest type of alternative medicine to conventional, as they are as functional, and often as capable of producing more or less the same side effects. Obviously the use of herbs or natural remedies is not something new, and usually alternative medicine never is new, it just takes more time to come out into the spot light for us to see how it actually does work and it’s not only a myth. The study of herbs goes back to 5000 years, and in 1500 B.C. the Ancient Egyptians wrote the Ebers Papyrus, which contains information on over 850 plant medicines. So long before our generation or even the several ones before them were born, Egyptians were cooking up natural remedies in their kitchens. Many different cultures followed, each adding their input to this type of natural remedy, which would be later given the name “herbalism. 5

The demand of our population for more natural remedies has increased, and physicians as well as science have started to take herbs more seriously. So you won’t be surprised if you heard that The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that more than 50 percent of the population of some Asian and African countries currently use herbal medicine essentially for their health care in some cases, and the search for supplements derived from plants has accelerated, but that might actually back fire in the face of medicine. A recent study was conducted on the amount of herbs used for pharmaceutical purposes, and they concluded that cures for some of our most incurable dominant diseases may become “extinct before they are ever found”. This probably might not make sense at first, but when you begin to think about it, the meaning unravals itself. Due to deforestation and over-collection of herbs, along with their extinction, we might miss on the opportunity to make benefit of herbs that can cure diseases such as ‘cancer’ and ‘diabetes’ because it would already be too late. This matter calls for eco-friendliness! We must preserve our environment and science must pick up the pace, so that we might be able to stumble upon a cure for more risky diseases, or maybe we’ve found one already, but science hasn’t realized it yet. So let me leave you with this question, are herbs the only type of natural remedies out there? The fascinating thing is that some of the most daring remedies can come from the foods that we eat, and from mixing certain types of food together. Now that’s what we like to call: FOOD FOR THOUGHT 6

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The Magic of Energy Medicine How to Cast Its Spells to be able to cure physical illnesses, but also emotional or mental disorders and produce some sort of fulfillment of self and accomplishment and basically makes you happier and full of joy, which makes it seem like quite the catch? Let’s see how it works.

When the word medicine comes to mind, we usually have mental pictures of doctors in white coats, needles, tubes, and oddly colored pills of all sizes and purposes, but in this one of a kind contemporary alternative medicine, the image is quite different, it’s more of a psychic in front of a crystal ball trying to predict your future. Those who practice energy medicine believe in spiritual cure, that by channeling the right “energy” towards someone, they can relieve them from their pain, no matter how far away this person may be and how long of a distance these energy waves will have to travel. The perk of energy medicine is that it doesn’t only claim

There are several forms of energy medicine, such as acupuncture (visit page [3] to read all about it!), kinesiology (the study of human movement) and practical daily life exercises such as yoga. But how exactly can the energy be transmitted? Among the lines of channeling energy are through tapping, massaging, pinching, twisting, or any action that basically causes certain locations of the human body to become alert and active and 7

hence the energy flows. Those who extremely believe in energy medicine, claim that it could be channeled spiritually from one mind to another, from many kilometers away, like a witch casting spells or playing with her magic wand, some therapists claim they can cure from a distance, and even if it can’t be tested, it can be sensed by those who distribute this form of “cure”, sometimes, the healer’s hand’s move over the body without actually touching it! One of the most outstanding names on the list of spokespersons for energy medicine is Donna Eden, who from childhood, has been able to sense that everything is brought back to energy, even human beings are controlled by their balance of energy, and she has used this ability to call for energy medicine, and lead people to happier and joyful lives. She has also been able to teach 50,000 people worldwide how to be able to direct their energy towards happiness and health, spreading 8

the word and being mentioned by some as the most joyous and effective of the pioneers calling for the importance of energy medicine, and just to add to her popularity, she along with her husband are authors of the best-selling book “Energy Medicine” which has been translated into 18 languages. So even if you don’t believe that we ARE energy, you can’t disclaim something without giving it a try, so next time you decide to go to the gym, replace the treadmill with your affordable yoga mat, and see how much better you might feel afterwards, or you could just sit down, cross your legs, and get into some good old meditation action! And see how balanced your energy is!


“Mental Diseases” Causes and Cures

A

mental disease or known as mental “Disorder” is a psychological pattern that is reflected in behavior. Distress and disabilities, that are not usual for a person’s natural behavior, always accompany a mental disorder. Mental disorders are generally defined by a combination of how a person feels, thinks or perceives. It’s usually a certain part of the brain or the whole nervous system that is affected. Over a long time, the acknowledgment and understanding of mental health has definitely changed across different cultures. There are still a lot of uncertain variations in definition, assessment and classifications, and that makes diagnosis complex.[1 According to the World Health Organization (WHO), over a third of people in most countries report problems at some time in their life which meet criteria for diagnosis of one or more of the common types of mental disorder. [2] Mental disorders are caused by various reasons and sometimes the cause is not so clear 9

that the theories incorporate findings from different range of fields. Psychotherapy and psychiatric medication are two major treatment options, as are social interventions, peer support and self-help. Shame and discrimination can add to the suffering and disability associated with mental disorders (or with being diagnosed or judged as having a mental disorder), leading to various social movements attempting to increase understanding and challenge social exclusion. There are many categories of mental disorders: • Fear or anxiety associated with behaviour is classified as anxiety disorder. • Excess panicking is described as panic disorder; it’s when you go crazy over anything. • People who are madly obsessed about their weight all the time are suffering from eating disorders. Among these numerous mental diseases and disorders is ultimately famous one that people might think is unrelated to mental state, but actually it is very much related, which is

the sleep disorder or

“INSOMNIA”. 10


Having trouble falling asleep? Or facing difficulty staying asleep as much as you want?!

Welcome to Insomnia!! You’re suffering from a sleep

disorder. Insomnia is most often thought of as both a sign and

• Acute insomnia is the inability to consistently sleep well for a period of less than a month. Insomnia is present when there is difficulty initiating or maintaining sleep or when the sleep that is obtained is non-refreshing or of poor quality. These problems occur despite adequate opportunity and circumstances for sleep and they must result in problems with daytime function. Acute insomnia is also known as short term insomnia or stress related insomnia • Chronic insomnia lasts for longer than a month. It can be caused by another disorder, or it can be a primary disorder. People with high levels of stress hormones are more likely to have chronic insomnia(7). Its effects can vary according to its causes. They might include muscular fatigue, hallucinations, and/or mental fatigue.

Some people that live with this disorder see things as

a symptom(1)(2)that can accompany several sleeps, medical, and psychiatric disorders characterized by a persistent difficulty falling asleep and/or staying asleep or sleep of poor quality. Insomnia is typically followed by functional impairment while awake. Insomnia can occur at any age, but it is particularly common in the elderly(3). Insomnia can be short term (up to three weeks) or long term (above 3-4 weeks), which can lead to memory problems, depression, irritability and an increased risk of heart disease and accidents(4).

Types of Insomnia:

• Transient insomnia lasts for less than a week. It can be caused by another disorder, by changes in the sleep environment, by the timing of sleep, severe depression, or by stress(5). 11

if they are happening in slow motion, where in moving objects seem to blend together. Chronic insomnia can cause double vision. Specialists in sleep medicine are qualified to diagnose the many different sleep disorders. Patients with various disorders, including delayed sleep phase syndrome, are often misdiagnosed with primary insomnia. In many cases, as well, insomnia is an accompanied disease to another disease or a side effect from medications or psychological problem. Before deciding on the treatment for insomnia, it’s important to identify the psychological causes. The 2005 NIH State-of-the-Science Conference on insomnia concluded that cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) “has been found to be as effective as prescription medications are for short-term treatment of chronic insomnia”. Furthermore, the beneficial effects of (CBT) indicate that they may last well beyond the termination of active treatment(8). 12


Tired of worrying about your skin too much from the sun, the dust and the dry weather?!

Some Home remedies :

If you have a DRY skin,

Use gentle cleansers. It’s better to use non-scented, soap-free products. Special moisturizers containing lactic acid are very effective in hydrating the skin.

All you have to do is read the following simple tips: you’re probably suffering from itching all the time and you’re more prone to rashes, eczema and bacterial infections.

Well the answers to all your questions are just right here; • The best treatment for dry skin is frequent daily lubrication with an emollient; that is a substance that inhibits the evaporation of water. • Dry skin can be improved by applying bland moisturizers. • Light moisturizers for mild dry skin are: Cetaphil lotion, Lubriderm lotion and AmLactin 12% lotion. Other moisturizers for severe dry skin are: Vaseline, Aquaphor and Crisco vegetable shortening. 13

Take lukewarm baths or showers and avoid excess skin scrubbing. Hot water and harsh scrubbing can take away the natural oils that protect the skin leaving it even drier.

Be careful!! Some medications for medical conditions like high blood pressure, cholesterol lowering drugs and acne treatment cause dryness. That’s all for your dry skin. Those of you who suffer from oily skin and want to fight acne, tune in for next week’s article to know all about that .... AND MORE!!

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History of Insulin We all know that without insulin, those of us with type-1 diabetes would slowly starve to death. Our bodies don’t make insulin, so we can’t process the food we eat properly and get energy and nutrients from it. Before insulin became available, children routinely were fed a cup of cooking oil a day because that was thought to help them process food. The results were as you imagine. Unlike 15

many medicines, insulin cannot be taken orally. Like nearly all other proteins, it is digested into useless fragments in the gastrointestinal tract. In the 19th century, after researchers figured out that the body needs this critical hormone to burn glucose as energy, doctors tried different ways to restart production of insulin in people with type 1 diabetes. Some phy-

sicians even tried feeding fresh pancreas to patients! The experiment failed (and probably left more than a few patients begging for a palate-cleansing sorbet), as did the other attempts to replace missing insulin. Finally, in 1922 a former divinity student named Dr. Frederick Banting figured out how to extract insulin from a dog’s pancreas. Animal insulin has saved millions of lives, but it has a problem: It causes allergic reactions in some users. In 1978, 16

a fledgling biotechnology company named Genentech produced the first synthetically manufactured insulin that could be made in large amounts. Using bacteria or yeast as miniature “factories,” the gene for human insulin was inserted into bacterial DNA. The result was human insulin, called recombinant DNA insulin, which did not cause problems animal insulin did.


FRUIT OF THE MONTH !! 5 INTERESTING FACTS ABOUT AVOCADOS: DID YOU KNOW?!

Wanna Know What Famous Scientist Shares The Same Horoscope With You?? Read along and find out:

1 .Avocados were once a luxury food reserved for the tables of royalty! And they were first introduced to the United States in 1871. 2. Avocado, like olive oil, is high in oleic acid, which has been shown

William Harvey StevenWeinberg

Richard E.Smalley Hans Bethe

Alexander Fleming CharlesNicoolle Karl Popper

AlexanderR.Todd EdwinHubble

AlfredWerner

Robert Boyle

to prevent breast cancer in numerous studies. 3. Avocados have more of the carotenoid lutein than any other commonly consumed fruit. Lutein protects against macular degeneration and cataracts, two disabling age-related eye diseases. 4. One cup of avocado has 23% of the recommended daily value of folate lowering the risk of heart diseases 5. Avocados are the best fruit source of vitamin E, an essential vitamin that protects against many diseases and helps maintains overall health.

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Isaac Newton

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Albert Einstein Ahmed Zewail


Do you have any idea what are the Top 10 Greatest Medical Discoveries of All Time?!

a Crooks Tube with a black paper around it and put electricity in it and his first X-ray picture was on his wife’s hand.

Scientists Robert Gallo and Luc Montagnier were the discoverers.

Simply one of the most crucial medical advances in surgical operations. With anesthetics, pain no longer became such a huge factor in operations. Not only did this reduce the risk of shock, but it also allowed for more complex and knotted surgical procedures.

Well..Get ready for the countdown : 10. The Human Retrovirus (HIV). 9. Vitamins.

Frederick Hopkins along with some other scientists discovered in the early 1900’s that vitamins are essential to health and that their deficiency might actually cause diseases!

8. Insulin.

Frederick Banting and his colleagues discovered this critical hormone in the 1920’s. Before insulin diabetes meant a slow and certain death.

7. DNA (Deoxyribonucleic acid).

Swiss physician Friedrich Miescher was the one who discovered DNA. He first called it “nuclein” because it resides in the nucleus of a cell.

6. Blood Circulatory System.

The Arabian physician Ibn El Nafis was the first person to accurately describe the process of pulmonary circulation, for which he is sometimes considered the father of circulatory physiology.

5. X-Ray.

Discovered by Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen . He tested 19

4. Anesthetics.

3. Germ Theory.

Discovered by French chemist Louis Pasteur. Scientists were allowed to discover one of the major problems behind diseases and emphasized the importance of hygiene. Before it, the origin of diseases such as cholera, anthrax and rabies was a mystery!

2. Penicillin.

It’s become the starting point of a whole new string of antibiotics. This new way of treatment meant that amputations were significantly reduced, gum infections could be treated, and infections of the blood were no longer fatal.

1. Vaccination.

Thanks to vaccination, we no longer have to deal with some of the world’s deadliest and most infectious diseases, which have plagued humankind for millennia, from cholera, influenza and measles, to the bubonic plague. 20


Med-Fun Facts: Did you know that? 1. Your thumb is the same length as your nose. 2. In 30 minutes, the average body gives off enough heat (combined) to bring a half gallon of water to boil. 3. Your tongue has a unique print similar to your fingerprints. 4. Ketchup was once sold as a medicine. 5. Women’s hearts beat faster than men’s. 6. Sneezes regularly exceed 100 mph. There’s a good reason why you can’t keep your eyes open when you sneeze. 7. Your nose can remember 50,000 different scents. 8. It takes 17 muscles to smile and 43 to frown. 9. According to Acupuncturists, there is a point on the head that you can press to control your appetite. It is located in the hollow just in front of the flap of the ear. 10. Coffee increases mental alertness, shortens eye-hand reaction time, reduces depression, treats asthma, and potentiates all pain medicines. 11. It is believed that the main purpose of eyebrows is to keep sweat out of the eyes. 21

12. Apples contain a number of antioxidant such as polyphenol and flavonoid that reduce the risk of development of cancer by preventing DNA damage. 13. A recent study found that apples reduce the risk of neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinsonism and Alzheimer’s. 14. An apple a day reduces the risk of skin diseases. 15. Cosmetic Benefits of Apples * Application of apple pulp on the face cures and improves acne. * Keeping the apple pulp on the eyelids for 15 to 20 minutes reduces strain of the eyes. 16. Dark chocolate improves blood flow and may help prevent the formation of blood clots. 17. Dark chocolate also contains several chemical compounds that have a positive effect on your mood and cognitive health. 18. Dark chocolate helps keep your blood vessels healthy and your circulation unimpaired to protect against type 2 diabetes. 19. Honey contains flavonoids, antioxidants which help reduce the risk of some cancers and heart disease. 20. Recent research shows that honey treatment may help disorders such as ulcers and bacterial gastroenteritis. 22


Med-Ratings:

Every now and then our eyes and ears stumble upon a new tv

show about how to be healthy, stay healthy, and the “did you know’s” about medicine. Med-Mania has decided to choose some of most popular tv shows out there, and make that job of choosing who and what to watch- easier for you! Here our ratings for the best medicine-oriented tv shows on air.

DR.OZ// Doctor Oz’s – or should I say cardio surgeon, professor,

and writer Oz- on screen career officially started when he was brought in on the Oprah show to talk about medicine related things that people are embarrassed to mention, and like many of Oprah’s first time comers, he became famous in an instant, and now he has his own tv show on Oprah’s network “OWN”. Not only does he discuss all types of diseases, potential cures, natural remedies, and new technology, he also gives it a twist by inviting celebrity guests on the show, from these guests are Michelle Obama, Kristy Allen, and many more. Let’s not forget to mention that the audience often gets to play games and win prizes! Med-Mania happily gives it a 5/5 stars!

THE DOCTORS// Watching the doctors is like walking into a really good hospital with any medical emergency that can come to your mind, you have a surgeon, a pediatrician, a gynecologist, and even a plastic surgeon on board of the Doctors team, each of them extensively qualified in their field and professional lives and have taken the liberty to share their expertise with their kind and humble audience. The Doctors often interact with their audience and exert the effort and come off quite genuine and nice. They often tend to discuss topics related to the news and current events that might not seem so medicine-ish. Regardless, it presents enough diversity and gives its audience a new take on medicine; and also adding a talk show twist for that they get a 4/5 stars. 23

GREEN APPLE// We all know that green apples are beneficial – they

help lighting skin, preventing some diseases and even things like our weight- and believe it or not so is this show! It has been airing since 2004, hosted by Howaida Abo El-Hief which is not a name to forget in the Egyptian world of medicine and media. Even though it’s only a weekly show, it’s continiously driving and increasing speed on the way to improvement. The show discusses various medical aspects of life while focusing on the contemporary Arab woman in particular in order for her o carry out a healthy daily lifestyle. Though it often dives too deep into psychological and marital issues we’re very proud to give it 3.5/5 stars.

DR.PHIL// There is no doubt that Dr.Phil is most probably one of the

most influential medicine/psyhcology related tv shows of our generation. He has managed for years to bring on to his show the most tragic, outrageous, scandalous, and funniest of cases, and analyze them to their core. He has virtually saved many lives in the process, and has opened up the eyes of his viewers to how simple and inspiring life can be all at the same time. From his quotes: “ you can’t change what you don’t acknowledge” and “you’re only lonely if you’re not there for yourself”. The show has been airing for 11 seasons for a whopping 10 years, and despite some of the criticism it is often subjected to, it’s still running strong with a 5/5 stars!

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FUN & GAMES Answer the cross word puzzle :

• In order to be healthy, we need to find balance in our............... and energy flow. • Acupuncture once existed in a strange phase called the.......................phase. • Some cures for dominant diseases made out of herbs maybe.......before they are ever found. • Some energy medicine practitioners believe that they can cure from a............ • Avocados are the best fruit source of ......... • The Ancient..........wrote the Ebers Papyrus which contains information over 850 plant medicines. • ............. disorder is when you go crazy over anything. • Chronic insomnia can cause double ............ • Frederick Banting figured out how to extract insulin from a dog’s ..............

Answer Key :

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Were You Paying Attention?!

Hint: The Answers lie in our ARTICLES.

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Refrences :

19. http://www.medindia.net/facts/index.asp 20. http://herbs.ygoy.com/health-benefits-of-apple/

Why some people are starting to like needles: 1. http://www.drmanik.com/chap4.htm

In less than TWO minutes, Find out MORE about :

2. http://awakenwellness.wordpress.com/2012/01/30/fun-factsabout-acupuncture/ 3. http://www.woninstitute.org/?page=snow-policy 4. http://www.oprah.com/health/Sticking-Points-of-AcupunctureDaphne-Oz/2 5. http://www.thefreedictionairy.com “The Placebo Effect”

Would You like a Cure with your Tea:

6. http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs134/en/ 7. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/health/7196702.stm

The Magic of Energy Medicine:

8. http://www.energymed.org/pages/energy_medicine_what_is.htm 9. http://www.the freedictionairy.com “Kinesiology” 10. http://www.eomega.org/workshops/teachers/donna-eden.

• Mental disorders, go to

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tpu3MVvdhtU. • Strange facts of the human body, visit http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qFrRebVvj-w

• Genetic engineering and the synthesis of insulin, watch http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zRheGe3TM2I • Listen to acupuncture expert Li Zheng, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gdwSs7C1YAM • Herbal Plant Remedies, see http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=svqVuQszSH0

Having Trouble Falling Asleep:

11. http://health.nytimes.com/health/guides/symptoms/sleepingdifficulty/causes-of-chronic-insomnia.html. Retrieved 4 November 2011.

Ten Tips for Dry Skin:

12. www.medicinenet.com › ... › skin az list › dry skin indexCached Similar.

CONTACT us At : dsakka@aucegypt.edu : olagamal@aucegypt.edu

History of Insulin:

:shereen.ali@aucegypt.edu

13. http://health.howstuffworks.com/medicine/medication/history-of-insulin.htm

Top Ten Greatest Medical Discoveries of All Time:

14. http://www.healthfiend.com/weeklytop/top- 10-greatest-medical-discoveries-of-all-time/

Med-Fun Facts:

15. http://medxforum.com/vb/showthread.php?23-20-InterestingFunny-and-Strange-Medical-Facts 16. http://weirdfacts.com/weird-fact/medical-facts.html 17. http://icantseeyou.typepad.com/my_weblog/2008/02/100-verycool-f.html 18. http://www.skygaze.com/content/facts/medicine.shtml

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