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Reported Speech

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If we report what another person has  said, we usually do not use the  speaker’s exact words (direct speech),  but reported (indirect) speech.  Therefore, you need to learn how to  transform direct speech into reported  speech.

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Direct speech:

“I speak English”.

Reported speech:

He said he spoke English.

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With reported speech, there are often  changes:

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THE PRONOUNS    I 

she/he

THE TENSE like           don’t want           saw

liked didn’t want had seen

EXPRESSIONS OF TIME today that day this morning that morning

EXPRESSIONS OF PLACE here there

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Direct speech:

“I like walking, but I don’t want to go for a walk today”, she said.

Reported speech She said (that) she liked walking but she didn’t want to go for a walk  that day.

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Direct and reported speech  

Direct and reported speech presentation

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