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117

THE INTERWAR PERIOD

119

THE INTERWAR PERIOD

63 FLUCHT (Flight)

1931

PHOTOMONTAGE 9 V\6X 7 'A IN. (23 X 18.4 CM) COLLECTION

INSTITUT FUR AUSLANDSBEZIEHUNGEN,

STUTTGART

The date of this work is questionable.Although it is clearlysigned with Hoch's initialsand dated "31" at the bottom right, just below the lower-left edge of the imagethere are traces of another date ("29") that has been crossed out. The only source photographthat has been discoveredis of little help here, for it appearedsome yearsearlier.(Theantiquateddiv ing suit evidentlyfascinatedHoch, for she usedthe lower half of it in Flightand includeda rearview, publishedin the same issue of Die Koralle,in her scrapbook.)The style of the work is not especiallyrevealing,either, since it is similarto that of other works from the late 1920s and early 1930s. But the resemblancehere of the wing-headed pursuerto Adolf Hitler and of the upraisedbird's wing to the Nazisalutesuggeststhat this photomontagewas perhapsmadeafter the 1930elec tions, when the National Socialist Party made astonishing gains at the local, state, and national levels.As an erstwhile Communistsympathizerinvolvedin a lesbianrelationshipin 1931, Hoch maywell havebeen motivatedby the new promi nenceof the Nazisto comment on Hitler's politics of exclusion.— MM

Top left down: Flight, 1931 — photomontage

Die Koralle 1, no.1 (May 1925), p. 25

The Small P, 1931 — photomontage Dada Dolls, 1916 — mixed-media puppets; Höch performing with one of her dolls, below.

65 DER KLEIN EP (The Small P)

1931

PHOTOMONTAGE 17 n COLLECTION

X 12 y IN. (45 X 32 CM) STA ATSG ALERIE

STUTTGART

A composite imageof an adult male and a bawling baby, this photomontage has been known for years as TheSmall P, basedon the inscriptionat the lower right of the image.Yet, as Hoch noted somewhatenigmaticallyon the back of a pho tograph of the work, now in the HannahHoch Archiveat the BerlinischeGalerie,this nonsensicaltitle was not the original one. "Der kleinePg" had been inscribedearlier,just belowthe "H.H." that is now at the lowerleft, on a pieceof paper Hoch subsequentlyremoved.When the collage is held in a raking light, this unmistakablereferenceto a "Parteigenosse,"or memberof the NationalSocialistParty,is still evidentin the form of indentationsin the backing page that were created by the pressurefrom the artist's pen or pencil.The exact position of the now-missingscrap of paper is also evidentfrom the discolorationof the areasover which it was originallyglued. Fearfulof retributionfor her unflatteringportrait of a Nazias an infantilemalcontent,Hoch probably retitled the photomontagesometimeduring the Third Reich.— MM As reproducedin Hoch's scrapbook, c. 1933, p. 109

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A Montage of Hannah Höch by Ana Garcia  

A Montage of Hannah Höch by Ana Garcia  

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