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controversy over online proctoring, where surveillance software allows the monitoring of a student’s webcam, microphone, web traffic, screen, mouse and keyboard activity, and tracks movements to determine cheating.2 Indeed, two student councils sued a university over the use of such software. However, in an important judgment, the District Court of Amsterdam ruled that the use of such software was not an unlawful interference with the right to privacy.3 Notably, the Dutch Data Protection Authority has published advice on video-calling apps,4 while admitting that it was not able to conduct ‘extensive technical research’ into the apps, and instead relied on information provided by the companies themselves. Further, in relation to social media platforms, the COVID-19 crisis has resulted in extensive reliance on dominant social media platforms by government agencies, health authorities, and police, including through paid online advertising. For example, a number of municipalities have been buying ads on Facebook to promote COVID-19 measures,5 and various police forces have released videos on Twitter warning about disinformation.6 Health Private–public partnerships can be observed in the digital healthcare sector, with increased efforts in data collection and sharing. First, Philips, two Dutch universities, and the Ministry of Health, Welfare and Sport (VWS) developed an online COVID-19 portal for hospitals to share patient data.7 The crisis has propelled the state to allow the sharing of patient data without prior consent, a move that had previously been resisted due to privacy reasons. Second, a health app created by Amsterdam hospital OLVG and Luscii allows residents to enter their medical data and doctors to respond if they are suspected of coronavirus, to help hospitals cope with an influx of requests.8 According to the OLVG, the app will eventually be available to 4.7 million people.9 Lastly, medical universities and laboratories have been actively collaborating on the development of COVID-19 treatments, including the use of AI-based methodologies.10 There has been an increase of new actors and partnerships in the development and procurement of Personal Protective Equipment, in addition to the VWS and the National Institute

Profile for Meatspace Press

Data Justice and COVID-19: Global Perspectives  

The COVID-19 pandemic has reshaped how social, economic, and political power is created, exerted, and extended through technology. Through c...

Data Justice and COVID-19: Global Perspectives  

The COVID-19 pandemic has reshaped how social, economic, and political power is created, exerted, and extended through technology. Through c...

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