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HUNGARY 25, 26

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voluntary,25 and was informed.26 However, once consent was provided, the installation and use of the software became mandatory and the omission of its use constituted a misdemeanour. Revocation of consent was possible and the software could be deleted, restoring the general rules of supervision (i.e. regular visits by the police).27 To enable efficient supervision, the police and the epidemiological authority were entitled to process location data, the facial image of the user, natural personally identifiable data, contact information, and any health data, in connection with the coronavirus. On expiration of the self-quarantine period after 14 days, the user was able to delete the application and the police concluded the supervision, but the data processed throughout the period in question could be processed for another 60 days, unless ordered otherwise by the epidemiological authority or the police.28 Such measures deprived citizens from practising their rights. Regardless of the fight against the coronavirus, there were no signs that the effects of the state of danger will necessarily end in Hungary with the end of the epidemic, or guarantees that the processing of the—potentially large amount of—personal data collected will stop. Hungarians live in a country in which they are entirely transparent to the state, not allowed to know essential information about it, and are unable to affect it through their representatives in the National Assembly.29 Moreover there are threats to those who express their opinions.30 In conclusion, the government’s fight against the coronavirus in Hungary was not only a means to protect citizens—but also to gain further political advantage.

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