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be verb: Present Tense 1

Theme-based Discussion

Read each topic below. Make sure you understand the questions. Work in groups of four to discuss the first topic. Then choose one person to report the group’s answers to the class. Next, move to another group to discuss the next topic. A. The picture below shows how one artist sees fear. Everyone is afraid sometimes, but some people have

strong, unreasonable fears of certain things. These kinds of fears are called phobias. There are people who are afraid of heights, enclosed spaces, animals, or even other people. People are afraid of snakes, spiders, and insects. What are you afraid of? Why are you scared of it?

B. Some people are very afraid of bad weather. Look at the chart below. Work with a partner. Use the newspaper

or the Internet to find out what the weather is like in some major cities in the United States. Complete the chart and exchange your work with another pair. Describe the weather in each city. Use the following adjectives to describe the weather: sunny, windy, rainy, snowy, foggy, cloudy, cool, cold, warm, hot, humid, dry, pleasant, perfect. Example: Today in New York, it is partly cloudy. The temperature is 71 degrees. It is a cool, pleasant day.

Cities

New York

Today

71 ° F

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Tampa

Denver

Minneapolis Nashville

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Baltimore New Orleans Your City

be Verb: Present Tense


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Sentence Writing

Identification and Classification A. Write four sentences using be to tell about yourself. Write two affirmative and two negative statements.

Use contractions if you wish. Example: I am a student. I’m not a professor.

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B. Write four sentences using be to tell about your family. Write two affirmative and two negative statements.

Use contractions if you wish. Example: My mother is a good cook. My brothers aren’t students.

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Description C. Write four sentences using be to tell about your friends. Write at least one negative statement.

Example: Maria and Wei-Ping are very pretty. They’re not shy.

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Location D. Write three sentences using be to tell where some of your friends and family are now. Write at least one

negative statement. Example: My aunt is in China. My brother isn’t in China.

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be Verb: Present Tense


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Description of the Photographs

A. Analyze each photograph. Think about words to describe the people in the pictures. Use a bilingual dictionary

if you need to find an English word. Write at least 12 words on the lines below.

Photo A

Photo B

__________________ ___________________ __________________ ___________________ __________________ ___________________ __________________ ___________________ __________________ ___________________ __________________ ___________________ B. Use be and the words you wrote for Exercise A to write sentences about each photograph.

Example: In Photo A, the girl is about 10 years old. In Photo B, the children are many different ages.

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The Writing Page

A. Think of three friends and use forms of be to write three sentences about them.

Example: M  aribel Garcia is a good student. She is 23 years old. Maia Simon and Halima Rahim are very interesting. They are from Egypt.

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B. Now use be to write sentences telling where each friend from Exercise A is today. Write one negative

sentence. Example: Maribel Garcia is at the library. Maia and Halima aren’t with her. They are at home.

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C. Work with a partner. Use your sentences from Exercises A and B to tell your partner about your friends.

Your partner will tell the class about them.

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be Verb: Present Tense


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Directed Writing

Task: Write a paragraph about you and your class.

Prewriting Who are you? What are you like? Where are you right now—in class? At home? What is that place like? Who is with you? What are they like? Ask a friend some questions if you need more information about your class or the place where you are. In your notebook, make notes about yourself and the place. Use a chart like the one below.

from Thailand

quiet, friendly

“you”

teacher

my class/home

Kirana, Pavel, Ines

First Draft Use your cluster chart and notes to write a first draft of your paragraph. Use be in the present tense. Write affirmative and negative sentences, and use contractions to describe yourself and your class. Here are some nouns and adjectives you may want to use. Nouns: student, teacher, friend, classmate. Adjectives: friendly, nice, interesting, boring, tough, easy.

Model    My name is Sopal. I’m from Thailand. I’m in an English class in Sacramento, California. Kirana, Pavel, and Ines are some of my classmates. They’re friendly and nice. They are from different countries, but we are all friends. Our teacher is Dan Peters. He is very interesting. The class isn’t easy, but it is fun.

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be Verb: Present Tense


Revision Read through your paragraph and check for correct forms of be, clear statements, logical order, and correct punctuation. Ask a partner to read your paragraph. Your partner should be able to answer the following questions about your paragraph: • What is your name? • What are you like? • Where are you? • Who is with you and what are they like? • Did you use correct forms of be? • Do you have any errors in contractions? • Does the paragraph need any more information?

Final Draft Make any changes or additions that are needed in your paragraph. Then write or type a final copy. You may want to include your final paragraph in a portfolio of your writing.

Evaluation Your teacher will grade your paragraph. You will be evaluated on: • the detail level describing yourself and your class; • the correct use and forms of be; • the variety of affirmative and negative sentences; and • the correct forms of contractions.

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be Verb: Present Tense


The Simple Present Tense 1

Theme-based Discussion

Read each topic below. Make sure you understand the questions. Work in groups of four to discuss the first topic. Write your notes on the next page and choose one person to report the group’s answers to the class. Then move to another group to discuss the next topic. Repeat this process until all the topics are discussed. A. It’s summer vacation time! Everyone has a favorite place to vacation: the beach, the mountains, or the city. Some people like to go swimming. Others like to walk in nature in the mountains. Others like to travel to big cities like the one in the picture to experience all the excitement and nightlife. What kind of a person are you? Do you prefer to vacation at the beach, in the mountains, or in a city? Why?

B. Even though most people take vacations just once a year, every working person looks forward to weekends. At the end of the work week, many Americans say T.G.I.F. (“Thank goodness it’s Friday!”) There is even a restaurant chain called TGIFridays®. Why are Fridays so important? Why do people get so excited on Friday? C. One possible answer to the questions in Exercise B is that many people do not like their job. Describe a bad job. Present as many characteristics of a terrible position as you can.

D. Look at the picture below. Do you think the man is happy? Probably not. People who don’t like their jobs often have stress. They need to relax and calm down. What do you do to relax? How do you calm down?

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The Simple Present Tense


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Sentence Writing

General Facts A. Use present tense to write one sentence about your favorite actor and one sentence about your favorite actress. Example: Jim Carrey always makes me laugh. I never miss a movie starring Catherine Zeta-Jones.

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B. Use present tense to write two sentences about your favorite city in the world. Example: Tokyo is the capital of Japan. It is a beautiful, clean city.

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Habitual Activities C. Use present tense to write two sentences describing your tasks at work or school. Example: I use a computer all day. I make a lot of phone calls.

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Feelings D. Use present tense to write two sentences telling how you feel when you get a bad grade on a test. Example: I feel really bad. I worry about my grades.

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E. You see an old friend. Use present tense to write two sentences telling how you feel. Example: I am surprised and happy. I want to talk with my friend.

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Adverbs of Frequency F. U  se adverbs of frequency to write four sentences about your weekend activities. Example: I never go bowling. I often go to the park.

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Description of the Photograph

Look at the photograph below. Use it to complete the activities.

A. T  hese people meet every Saturday afternoon. Analyze the photograph with a partner. Who are these people? Where are they? What do they talk about every week? Where are they? What is the relationship among the people? B. O  n the next page, write sentences telling what happens when this group meets every week. Use simple present tense because this is a habitual activity. C. W  ork in groups of four or five. Choose the most interesting sentences from Exercise B. Have the author read them aloud to the class.

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The Writing Page

Look at the photograph below. Use it to complete the activities.

A. First, study the photograph closely. Then, make a list on the next page of all the nouns that you find. Example: sofa, dog, coffee table, television B. U  se your list of nouns to write 10 sentences on the next page about the picture. Include these prepositions: next to, between, under, on top of, in, on, in front of, behind, near, close to. Example: The sofa is near the television. C. N  ow think about your home. Does it look like this? On the lines below, write 10 sentences about the things in your home. Use present tense and prepositions like you did in Exercise B. Example: In my home, the television is next to the window.

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D. L  ook at the photograph again. Who do you think lives in the apartment in the photograph? Is it a single man or woman, or a couple, or a family with children? On the next page, write three sentences describing who lives in the apartment in the photograph. Use present tense. Creative Composition

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The Simple Present Tense


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The Simple Present Tense


5

Directed Writing

Directed Writing Task: Write a paragraph about your ideal job.

Prewriting Think of the job you want to do when you finish school. Think about the tasks people at that job do every day. Research the job on the Internet if you need more information. In your notebook, take notes on what those people do and don’t do, where they work, and what they know. Use a chart like the one below.

My Ideal Job: ________________________________________________________________________________________ What they do

What they don’t do

What they know

Where they work

First Draft Use your prewriting notes and chart to write a first draft of your paragraph. Use present tense verbs and adverbs of frequency. Don’t forget to indent the first line and write the main idea sentence at the begining of the paragraph. Include as much information as you can about your ideal job. If you know a person with the job, mention him or her specifically. Here are some verbs you may want to use: want, work, earn, wear, enjoy, like, go, make.

Model    When I finish school, I want to be a nurse because nurses help people. Nurses know a lot about medicine. Nurses work in hospitals and doctors’ offices. They earn a lot of money, but sometimes they work many hours. They always wear uniforms and use computers. They don’t work alone; they talk to people all day. My sister is a nurse. She enjoys her job a lot. She doesn’t like the night shift, but it’s OK. She loves her patients. It sounds like a great job.

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be Verb: Present Tense


Revision Read through your paragraph and check for subject–verb agreement, adverbs of frequency, clear main idea and details, and correct spelling. Share your paragraph with a partner. Your partner should be able to answer the following questions about your paragraph: • What is your ideal job? Why do you want it? • What do people at your ideal job do every day? What don’t they do? Where do they work? What do they know? • Did you use the correct present tense forms? Are adverbs of frequency in the right places? • Do you have any errors in spelling or agreement? • Does the paragraph need any more information? Discuss your partner’s answers to the questions above. Does your partner think your paragraph needs any changes or corrections?

Final Draft Make any changes or additions that are needed in your paragraph. Then write or type a final copy. You may want to include your final paragraph in a portfolio of your writing.

Evaluation Your teacher will grade your paragraph. You will be evaluated on: • the detail level of information in the paragraph; • the correct use of affirmative and negative present tense, including spelling and agreement; and • the correct use, spelling, and placement of adverbs of frequency.

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be Verb: Present Tense


The Present Progressive Tense 1

Theme-based Discussion

Read each topic below. Make sure you understand the questions. Work in groups of four to discuss the first topic. Then choose one person to report the group’s answers to the class. Then move to another group to discuss the next topic. Repeat this process until all the topics are discussed. A. Using the present progressive tense, tell the most important events that are happening right now in the United States. What is the President doing? What is going on across the country? B. Now tell what is going on in your native country. What important events are occurring at this moment? C. Briefly look through today’s newspaper. At present, what is happening in the world of fashion, sports, music, business, or entertainment?

D. Think about a famous person in the U.S. or elsewhere in the world. What is happening in his/her life right now?

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The Present Progressive Tense


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Sentence Writing

Activities happening at this moment A. U  se present progressive to write two sentences telling what you and all the other people in your home are doing right now. Example: I am studying in class. My roommate Keisha is eating breakfast.

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B. U  se present progressive to write two sentences explaining what people in the supermarket are doing at this moment. Write affirmative and negative sentences. Example: The cashiers are handling money. They aren’t putting new cereal on the shelves.

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Contrast the present progressive tense with the simple present tense C. U  se present progressive and simple present to write two pairs of sentences describing what the cafeteria cook is doing now and what he sometimes or never does. Example: He is grilling vegetables. He never boils them.

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Actions in progress for extended periods of time, including the near future D. Use present progressive to write two sentences telling about your activities this semester. Example: I am taking English, psychology, trigonometry, and history. Professor Zimmerman is teaching trig.

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Plans in the future E. U  se present progressive to write two sentences telling about your plans for the next few months. Example: In a few weeks, I am taking a trip to the beach. Then, I’m taking final exams.

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The Present Progressive Tense


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Description of the Photograph

Look at the photograph. Use it to complete the activities.

A. U  se present progressive to write eight sentences describing the photograph “Lovers on the Beach.” Write affirmative and negative sentences. What are they talking about? What are they planning? What are they doing? Is it sunrise or sunset? Example: A man and a woman are standing on the beach at 6 o’clock in the morning.

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B. T  his photograph shows a very romantic place. On the next page, write five sentences describing your idea of a romantic place. Use simple present and present progressive. Creative Composition

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The Present Progressive Tense


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The Writing Page

A. S uppose that you have received an e-mail from your best friend in your native country. Your friend describes his/her current activities and asks you what you are doing at present. Write him/her an e-mail with five sentences using the present progressive tense to describe what is going on in your life right now. Write at least one negative sentence. Example: Today I’m studying biology; I’m having a test tomorrow. I am not looking forward to that test!

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B. I magine that you are on a beautiful island. Use the present progressive tense to write three sentences describing what you are doing and not doing right now. What activities are you enjoying? Example: I am floating in the ocean. I’m enjoying the sun and drinking a cool drink. I’m not thinking about school.

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C. C  ut out a photograph of people from a magazine or newspaper. Look at the picture. Use the present progressive tense to write five sentences describing what the people in the picture are doing. Write at least one negative sentence. Example: A man is buying a car. He’s looking at it, but he isn’t driving it.

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Directed Writing

Task: Write a paragraph about a dream.

Prewriting When we sleep, we dream. Some dreams are funny. Some are scary. Think about a dream of yours. Where are you in the dream? What do you see? What are you doing? How do you feel? What else is happening in the dream? In your notebook, make notes about your dream. Use a chart like the one below.

Where?

Who?

My dream

What do you see? What do you feel? What do you think?

What are you doing?

First Draft Use your idea map and notes to write a first draft of your paragraph. Use verbs in the simple present tense and the present progressive tense. Include a description of the place and people in your dream, in affirmative and negative sentences. Describe what you and others are doing in the dream and how you feel. Here are some verbs you may want to use: see, feel, think, believe, run, fly, win, find, play.

Model    In my dream, I am in the middle of the desert. I need to find some water. I’m walking and walking. Then I fall down. I feel so tired and hot. Suddenly, I see some trees. Some people are shouting to me. I’m running to get to the trees. Then I wake up. I never get to the end of the dream.

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The Present Progressive Tense


Revision Read through your paragraph and check for correct usage of the simple present and present progressive tenses, clear statements, and enough details. Share your paragraph with a partner. Your partner should be able to answer the following questions about your paragraph: • Where are you in your dream? • Who is in the dream? • What do you see, feel, and think? • What are you doing in the dream? • Did you use correct forms of the simple present tense? • Did you use correct forms of the present progressive tense? • Are the verbs spelled correctly? • Does the paragraph need any more information?

Final Draft Make any changes or additions that are needed in your paragraph. Then write or type a final copy. You may want to include your final paragraph in a portfolio of your writing.

Evaluation Your teacher will grade your paragraph. You will be evaluated on: • the detail level to describe your dream; • the correct use and forms of the simple present tense; and • the correct use and forms of the present progressive tense.

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The Present Progressive Tense


Pronouns 1

Theme-based Discussion

Read each topic below. Make sure you understand the questions. Work in groups of four to discuss the first topic. Choose one person to report the group’s answers to the class. Then move to another group to discuss the next topic. Repeat this process until all the topics are discussed. A. L  ook at the picture of some college students who take a college writing class together. They are very different from one another. What about you and your friends? Are you the same or different? Do you like the same things? What do you like? What do you like to do?

B. T  hese students are all friends, and they always try to help one another. How do you help your friends? How do your friends help you? Where do you like to go with them? C. F  riends often play games together. What game or sport do you like to play with your friends? What do you need in order to play? How do you play it? When do you win? Is there a prize? D. H  ere are some different occasions for giving gifts in the United States. We often give gifts to friends and family. Do you give gifts for these occasions? What kinds of gifts do you give?

•  a birthday

•  a new baby

•  a marriage

•  a wedding anniversary

•  a new home

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Pronouns


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Sentence Writing

A. Think about four people in your family. Write their names. Use subject pronouns and object pronouns to tell who they are or what they do. Example: David: He’s my favorite cousin. He’s studying business in college.

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B. Tell about a group of your friends. Write their names. Use subject pronouns to tell what they do with you and what you do with them. Example: Julia and Oscar: They work with me in the library. I help them with their math homework.

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C. Tell about some of your favorite things. Write the name of each thing. Use subject and object pronouns to tell about each thing and where you got it. Example: my iPod®: It is very small, but it has a lot of songs on it. I got it at Tech Store.

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D. Tell about what you and your friends do. Write the people’s names. Use subject and object pronouns to tell what you do. E xample: Julia and I: We go to the movies together. I buy the tickets for us. She gets the popcorn. We both like a lot of butter on it.

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The Writing Page

A. Look at these three different parties. Choose one type of party. Answer the questions below to plan it.

Type of party:_ _____________________________________________________________________________________________

Who is it for?_______________________________________________________________________________________________

Who are you inviting?_ _____________________________________________________________________________________

What kind of food are you having?__________________________________________________________________________

What kind of drinks are you serving?________________________________________________________________________

What else do you need?_____________________________________________________________________________________

B. Now write five sentences about the plans you made in Exercise A. Use subject and object pronouns. Example: The party is for my little cousin. She has a birthday next week. I’m inviting Maria and Kelsey because my cousin likes to play with them.

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C. Work with a partner. Tell your partner about your plans. You partner will tell the class about them. Creative Composition

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Directed Writing

Task: Write a paragraph about you and your best friend.

Prewriting Think about your best friend. What is he/she like? What does he/she do? Ask your friend some questions if you need more information. In your notebook, make notes about your friend and yourself: your names, things you like to do, eat, or play. Use a diagram like the one below.

me

my friend

First Draft Use your diagram and notes to write a first draft of your paragraph. Use subject and object pronouns and possessives. Include details about things you and your friend both like. Here are some verbs you may want to use: like, enjoy, work, play, eat, go.

Model    My best friend is my neighbor, Sokanno. She lives next to me. We do a lot of things together. She helps me a lot during the week. I pick up food for her at the store, and she watches my little brother after school. Sokanno stops and visits many people in the neighborhood. She brings them flowers or cookies. I often go with her on the weekend. Sokanno makes us all laugh. She’s a great friend.

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Pronouns


Revision Read through your paragraph and check for correct subject and object pronoun use, possessives, and clear main idea and details. Share your paragraph with a partner. Your partner should be able to answer the following questions about your paragraph: • Who is your best friend? • What is he/she like? • What do you do with your friend? • Why do you like him/her? • Did you use correct forms of pronouns? • Do you have any errors in spelling? • Does the paragraph need any more information?

Final Draft Make any changes or additions that are needed in your paragraph. Then write or type a final copy. You may want to include your final paragraph in a portfolio of your writing.

Evaluation Your teacher will grade your paragraph. You will be evaluated on: • the detail level to support your main idea; • the correct use and forms of subject pronouns; • the correct use and forms of object pronouns; and • the correct use and forms of possessives.

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Pronouns


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