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Best wishes on your 60th Birthday!

Welcome as we celebrate a Cobb classic Marietta and Cobb County would be far different places were it not for the aircraft manufacturing plant operated here for the past six decades by what is now Lockheed Martin. And we at the Marietta Daily Journal are happy to have this opportunity recount Lockheed’s contributions and to celebrate its 60 years doing business in our community. To start with, the plant has offered thousands of good-paying jobs for decade after decade — at times employing just over 30,000 people. But that’s just the tip of the proverbial iceberg in terms of how the plant has benefited Cobb. What’s now the Lockheed plant was the largest manufacturing facility ever built south of the Mason-Dixon Line when it was Joe Kirby opened by Bell Aircraft to build B-29 bombers during World War II. And it’s still the largest, having only gotten bigger during Lockheed’s six decades. That plant’s presence here was the key event in Cobb’s transformation from the cotton-based economy of the Depression and earlier to the diverse economic dynamo it has now become. The plant brought to Cobb thousands of engineers and managerial personnel through the decades, who helped give this community a more cosmopolitan, forward-looking outlook than most of our peers around the Southeast. Though the plant has always attracted workers commuting from as far as western North Carolina and eastern Alabama, the bulk of the workforce is and has been from Cobb. And the need for thousands of employees with the kind of better-than- average intelligence needed to assemble Lockheed’s planes proved a continuing impetus for Cobb and Marietta schools to steadily improve. Moreover, the plant’s presence here was a key reason in the transfer here of what now is Southern Polytechnic State University and the founding of what now are Kennesaw State University and Chattahoochee Technical College. The plant’s site was chosen in part because it was next

to what today is the CSX Rail line. And the plant now is at or very near the nexus of some of the busiest roads in Cobb — South Cobb Drive, Cobb Parkway, Atlanta Road, all of which were created and/or significantly improved in large part to serve the plant. But the plant, and Lockheed Martin, is more than just big planes and big buildings. Lockheed, following in the footsteps of Bell before it, and greatly enlarging them, from the start has offered what — in this part of the world —were previously unheard of employment opportunities for women and African-Americans. We’ve all heard of “Rosie the Riveter,” but women — in large numbers — have worked not just assembling planes, but in nearly every other job at the plant throughout its history. And Lockheed during the early 1960s quietly became the first major industrial plant in the Southeast to desegregate. Substantial numbers of African Americans had been working in non-menial roles at Lockheed since the Bell days, but the plant, including its work crews and assembly lines, was fully desegregated in concert with the start of the C-141 Starlifter program during the Kennedy administration. Moreover, in a move that would have been inconceivable during those days, Lockheed appointed an AfricanAmerican, Lee Rhyant, as vice president and plant general manager in 2000. And equally inconceivable back then, Lockheed this year named a woman — and an African American woman at that — as vice president and plant manager, Shan Cooper. They have done and are doing a terrific job carrying on the legacies of earlier generations of plant managers like Jimmy Carmichael, Dan Haughton, Larry Kitchen, Bob Ormsby and Micky Blackwell. As this special section illustrates, what’s now Lockheed Martin has always been at the forefront, not just in aviation, but in the workplace and the community. It’s been a terrific 60 years for all concerned. And on behalf of the MDJ, I hope you enjoy this special edition. Joe Kirby Editorial Page Editor/Columnist Marietta Daily Journal

Director’s note: Currently named Lockheed Martin Aeronautics Company, the Marietta plant has undergone six name changes throughout the years. In this issue, we generally refer to it as Lockheed Martin or leave it as it is or was referred to when cited or quoted in a historical context.


AT&T 5 Capital Cadillac 32 Carmichael Funeral Home 28 Chattahoochee Technical College 59 City of Austell 58 City of Marietta 29 Cobb Board of Realtors 63 Cobb Chamber of Commerce 15 Cobb County Government 21 Cobb EMC 7 Cobb Family Resources 42 Congressman Phil Gingery 37

E - Smith Heating & Air 13 Eagle Vending 52 Emory Adventist Hospital 31 Gary Jett 14 Georgia Power 18 Georgia's Own Credit Union 39 Highlands Bank 43 Kennesaw State University 45 Kennesaw State University Continuing Education 68 LGE Credit Union 9 Little & Smith 44 Lockheed Elementary 20 Lockheed Union 49

Manning Properties Marietta City Schools Marietta Daily Journal Marietta Power Mayes Ward Resurgens Roswell Street Baptist Security Exchange Bank Senator Johnny Isakson Southern Polytechnic University Sundial Plumbing The Bottoms Group Traton Homes United Community Bank Wellstar

24 53 66 33 67 40 55 65 19 25 36 3 41 30 2



Otis A. Brumby, Jr. Otis Brumby III



Jay Whorton

Wade Stephens


Bill Kinney


Mark Wallace Maguire

Allen Bell, Donna Espy, Kevin Hazzard, Joe Kirby, Jeff Rhodes


Mia McCorkle


John Rossino

Mark Wallace Maguire


Sonja Heck

Damon Poirier



Reneé Aghajanian, Stephanie deJarnette, Katie Berry, Carole Johnson, Dawne Edge, Paula Milton, Cheryl Myrick, Tamara Cuda, Melinda Young GRAPHIC DESIGNERS

Caroline Brannen Beth Poirier, Jennifer Hall CREATIVE DIRECTOR

Leigh Hall


Matt Heck

Have a news tip? Phone MDJ Managing Editor Billy Mitchell at 770.428.9411 x207 To advertise, contact Wade Stephens at 770.428.9411 x500 To subscribe, contact us at 770.428.9411



8 IT BEGAN WITH BELL Joe Kirby reflects on the origins of Lockheed’s legacy 10 HISTORY HIGHLIGHTS A glimpse at some of the pivotal moments at the plant 16 TOP GUNS A review of the men who have led Lockheed 22 LOOKING AHEAD A Q & A with the new leadership at Lockheed 26 UP CLOSE AND PERSONAL Selections from the columns of veteran newspaperman Bill Kinney 34 ON A WING AND IN THE AIR Profiles of the planes built here 44 DID YOU KNOW? Fantastic figures about the plant



46 GENERATIONS Working at Lockheed Martin a family tradition 50 THE DREAM JOB Former plant PR guru reflects on the best job he ever had 54 DID YOU KNOW? Fast facts on the Herk 56 MORE THAN A POINT OF PRIDE The economic impact of the plant affects all areas of Cobb and Georgia 60 WHAT IT MEANS TO ME Statesmen offer their congrats to six great decades 63 DID YOU KNOW? Griffin or Hercules? 64 QUIZ SHOW How well do you know Lockheed Martin’s Marietta plant? Take our quiz and find out


Cleared for take off

Opening of Bell plant kick-started Cobb economy, paved way for Lockheed


arietta and Cobb County took their first big step into the modern era when ground was broken off Atlanta Road in March 1942 for the largest industrial complex ever built below the Mason-Dixon Line. That plant was designed to build the B-29 Superfortress, a long-range heavy bomber capable of flying thousands of miles. Ultimately 668 copies of the plane rolled out of the plant, which was operated by the Bell Aircraft Co., of Buffalo, N.Y. Prior to the plant’s arrival, Cobb’s biggest export was cotton. A handful of mills in Marietta employed a hundred or so people each, but were quickly eclipsed by the plant, which employed 28,000 people by 1944. Many of those workers were undereducated and/or overage farmers unused to working in a heavy-industrial setting. And many of them — roughly 37 percent — were women, including many “Rosie the Riveters.” But with most young men in uniform, the plant had no choice. It had to take what it could get. Bell was a Northern-owned company, it adhered to the Jim Crow laws of the South. Yet 8 percent of its workforce was African-American, and it was one of the first, if not the first, major employers in the Southeast to hire African Americans in large numbers to do more than push brooms. The company also made a point to hire substantial numbers of midgets, who could easily work in confined areas during the planes’ construction process. The B-29 was the biggest, fastest and most technologically advanced airplane ever built to that point. It boasted the latest in radio and radar technology and even was equipped with a primitive analog computer that was used to help control its machine guns. Flying from island bases in the Pacific it brought Imperial Japan to its knees with months of low-altitude fire-bombing raids, which culminated with the dropping of a pair of atomic bombs. The two B-29s that bombed Hiroshima and Nagasaki were not built at the Marietta plant, but were identical in every way to those that were. The opening of the plant jump-started the transformation of Marietta and Cobb from a semi-rural backwater to a suburban Southern powerhouse. Marietta’s population doubled almost overnight, and the county also benefited by the construction of South Cobb Drive from


Marietta Daily Journal

Atlanta to help workers access the plant. Those tens of thousands of workers learned a variety of new skills that they were able to take with them when they left at war’s end. And it was a point of pride among the workforce that none of the B-29s built here ever crashed during the trial, shakeout flights. The plant closed within weeks of the war’s end and was operated in the late 1940s by the Tumpane Company as a storage fa-

cility for aircraft-construction equipment. But after the outbreak of the Korean War in 1950 the Pentagon reopened the plant to recondition mothballed WWII bombers. Bell tried to win the contract for the job, but it went instead to Lockheed. And we all know the rest of that story. Joe Kirby is editorial page editor of the Marietta Daily Journal and author of “The Bell Bomber Plant.” It is available at local bookstores and museum gift shops, or you can obtain a personalized copy directly from Kirby by calling (770) 426-9182 or e-mailing him at Kirby also is happy to speak about his book to local civic clubs and organizations.


a look back It all began 60 years ago. And though there have been too many events and changes to chronicle all of them, we picked a few and, pulling excerpts from Associate Editor’s Bill Kinney’s columns, staff reports and data from Lockheed Martin, have provided you a short walk down memory lane. Photos provided by MDJ file photos, courtesy of Lockheed Martin and from the Associated Press

In 1950, the complex


that became Lockheed Martin was a giant "white elephant." It had been mostly empty since 1945 — when it closed only weeks after VJ Day. Great joyous shouting arose throughout the community in 1951 when then Lockheed Aircraft responded to an Air Force request and began preparing the "bummer plant" to again produce big, sophisticated aircraft. Even in the face of talk that "jobs won't last but two or three years," people flocked to the employment office in a little cramped "head house" just outside the fence. They came out of the hills, off the farms and from the flatwoods of the South. By year's end the plant again was productive. Approximately 10,000 Georgians were at work modifying B29s for the Korean War and getting ready to build the world's then most sophisticated bomber — the six-jet, Boeing-designed B-47. Also in 1951, a television show named “I Love Lucy’ debuted becoming one of the most popular shows in television history. On The Flats at Georgia Tech, Coach Bobby Dodd led the Yellow Jackets to another super season and was in the midst of a 31-game winning The B-29 spelled hope for many Georgians in the form of a job. streak that ended in 1952.

The first C-130 turboprop airlifter made its



initial flight in April 1955 with Bud Martin, then chief pilot, and Leo Sullivan, later to become Lockheed-Georgia's chief pilot, at the controls. The C-130 Hercules has won many awards and many firsts — not the least of which was becoming the first large aircraft ever to land at the South Pole. It was able to do so because LockheedGeorgia engineers came up with a unique landing gear that permitted the use of skis and wheels. The plane could take off on wheels and land on skis. Or vice versa. And it had a range and stamina for the Antarctic weather and terrain. And Teflon, the housewife's delight because it provided non-stick kitchenware, was used for the first time ever to solve a problem with the skis. You guessed it — Teflon was first used to keep the skis of the C-130 Hercules from sticking to the ice when it parked for a considerable period of time. Also in 1955, Col. Tom Parker became Elvis Presley's manager.

Late 1950s/ Early 1960s

When President Kennedy called U.S. Sen. Herman Talmadge to tell him that the plant had been awarded the C-141 contract, the Georgian was taking a nap and the maid took a message.

On the first Monday of March 1961, Presi-

During one of those down periods in the late 1950s when the Hercules and B47 production were down due to Defense Department cutbacks, Lockheed-Georgia officials convinced the corporate officers in Burbank, Calif., that the production of the corporation's new business jet should be done at the Georgia plant. This was a four-engine, 10-passenger small jet — pictured above — that was Lockheed's entry in a competition to design and produce an utility transport for the Air

Force. Two prototypes had been built in record time at the LockheedCalifornia Co. plant to meet a deadline. The program was moved to Georgia and when the Air Force delayed making a decision as to the winner between McDonnell-Douglas and Lockheed, the Georgia engineers made some changes and came out with the world's first jet-powered business aircraft. Again Lockheed employees went through a contest to name the little beauty. Again, in Lockheed tradition, the winner was a star — JetStar.

dent John F. Kennedy made the first big contract award of his administration, announcing after the stock market closed that Lockheed-Georgia won the contract to design and build the new airlifter to be called the C-141 (pictured top) Bedlam broke loose — in the plant, in the community, throughout all Georgia. One newspaper headlined its top front page story, "Lockheed-Georgia wins One Billion Dollar Contract." Another sought to top that with "Lockheed Wins Two Billion Dollar Airplane Contract." No matter the wording, Lockheed-Georgians had shown the industry they were a force to be reckoned with. One little sidelight developed. Seems President Kennedy, seeking to give a tip to Sen. Herman Talmadge, had called Saturday afternoon to the senator's home. The maid answered, and said the senator was asleep. "When he wakes up, tell him the president called," the speaker said. "What president?" the maid wanted to know. Also in 1961, baseball player Roger Maris of the New York Yankees hits his 61st home run in the last game of the season, against the Boston Red Sox, beating the 34-year-old record held by Babe Ruth. ‘One Hundred and One Dalmatians’ is the top-grossing film at the box office.


1968 With the announcement

in 1965 that LockheedGeorgia had won the contract for the giant C-5, the world's largest airplane, both Lockheed and Cobb County "took off." It was a race against a tight schedule, but in March 1968, right on time, the C-5 was rolled out of the L-10 Building at the Marietta plant and was christened "Galaxy" as the wife of Air Force Secretary Harold Brown broke a bottle of champagne against its massive fuselage. Watching were President Lyndon Johnson, his wife, daughter, granddaughter and son-in-law. Johnson spoke glowingly of the accomplishments of the men and women who had designed, worked on and brought into being the first of the world's largest airplanes. "We are very, very proud in this nation of Lockheed and the men who built this job on time," Johnson told the several thousand gathered in noon sunshine. Around the edges of the ramp were remnants of an early-morning snow that had threatened the ceremonies. Covering the rollout of this aviation milestone were more than 50 news reporters who had arrived the night before for briefing on the C-5. Another hundred arrived with the press plane accompanying Air Force One, just minutes before the rollout took place. Associated Press and United Press International both estimated the story or pictures of the C-5 rollout appeared on the Sunday front pages of more than 90 percent of the newspapers of the free world.


In 1976, when Lockheed observed its 25th birthday in Georgia, more than 2,600 employees received 25-year pins, and they turned out on a bitterly cold, but sunny, December morning to have their group picture taken on the B-4 ramp. The 1970s were a very good decade for the plant and the C-130— pictured right — sold overseas in record numbers. Also in 1976, America celebrates its bicentennial. Apple Computer Company is formed by Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak.

What a beauty. The C-5 rolls out to a grand ceremony. Left, the MDJ had one of the most celebrated front pages heralding the flight. Radio and television not only carried network stories on Saturday, but individual stations, who had sent crews to cover the event, continued with their own coverage and highlights into mid-week. Aviation and news magazines featured cover photos. It was probably the most highly-covered airplane rollout in history to that point. Once the ceremony was complete, it was back to work for the Lockheed-Georgians. The No. 1 plane had to be readied for its first flight, and the airplanes to follow on the production line had to be built. On June 30, 1968, at 7:47 a.m., with chief pilot Leo Sullivan again at the controls, the No. 1 Galaxy rose gracefully from the Dobbins Air Force Base runway and headed into the east, climbing beautifully. Also in 1968, Johnny Cash and June Carter get married. NASA launches Apollo 7, the first manned Apollo mission.

1980s In 1980, Lockheed-Georgia won a contract to build and install new center wings for the C-5s in the Galaxy fleet. In October 1981, with the C-17 airlifter program running into difficulties, the Marietta plant submitted an unprecedented offer to the U.S. Air Force to produce 50 C-5B aircraft at a fixed price. The first of the new airlifters rolled out July 12, 1985, first flew Sept. 10 and was delivered to the Air Force Dec. 28, 1985. Production on that contract ran until the spring of 1989, when the 50th C5B was delivered. Also in 1980, Kennesaw State University graduates its first four-year class. UGA, en route to clinching the national championship, wratches up an undefeated season.

1991 1991 marked a great year for the plant when they won the F-22 Raptor contract. Lockheed split the contract with Boeing and General Dynamics. The plane, which was by far the most advanced in the world at the time employing stealth technology, generated a massive rush of euphoria throughout the area. The split in the contract worked like this — the mid fuselages of the F-22 were built at Lockheed-Martin's (which bought the General Dynamics aircraft business) assembly plant in Fort Worth, Texas, and the wings and aft fuselage are built by Boeing in Seattle. The remainderwas built at Lockheed Martin Aeronautics Co. on South Cobb Drive, where the planes are assembled, tested and flown. Ground was broken for the F-22 facility in November. Also in 1991, the U.S.S.R. collapses, effectively ending the Cold War. The Gulf War takes place. The ‘Grunge’ music phenomenon takes off in the Pacific Northwest.






During Lockheed Martin's 60 years in Georgia, over a dozen leaders have presided over the plant on South Cobb Drive in a variety of titles. They have presided over some of the most important military programs in U.S. History. Lockheed aircraft have played pivotal roles in wars from Korea and Vietnam to today’s conflicts in Afghanistan and Iraq. The C-130, generally referred to as the plant’s bread and butter, is the longest production military plane in history, while planes including the C-5 and the F-22 Raptor have revolutionized aviation. The leaders of Lockheed’s Marietta plant have provided leadership for the

company through many phases. What began as Lockheed Aircraft Corporation's Georgia Division under Jimmie Carmichael became Lockheed-Georgia Company under Dick Pulver in 1961. In 1987, under the leadership of Ken Cannestra, it took on the name Lockheed Aeronautical Systems Company-Georgia. In 1990, H. Bard Allison was in command when the company became Lockheed Aeronautical Systems Company. When Lockheed merged with Martin to became Lockheed Martin Aeronautical Systems in 1995, Micky Blackwell was president. Tom Burbage was in charge when it became LM Aero in January of 2000. Lee Rhyant was named head of the plant in 2000 and now, after a strong 11-year run, is turning over the reigns to Shan Cooper. Through the next several pages, we provide a look at some of these leaders, their contributions and their impact upon the plant.


1995 The first C-130J,

one of the "stretched" C-130J-30s, was rolled out for Britain's Royal Air Force and led out of the assembly building by Scottish bagpipers. Two days later, the first C-130J for the U.S. Air Force was rolled out, marking the first time the Marietta plant had introduced a new model with a pair of rollout ceremonies. The aircraft were flown for the first time in 1996. Also in 1995, The Atlanta Braves win the World Series. The first ever full length computer animated feature film "Toy Story" was released by Pixar Animation Studios and Walt Disney Pictures.

1997 A spectacular ceremony marked the rollout of the first Raptor in April 1997. The Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives, Marietta's own Newt Gingrich, was one of a dozen or so Air Force, government, and company officials who spoke of the need for the U.S. to maintain air dominance over the battlefield. On a beautiful September morning, F-22 Chief Test Pilot Paul Metz stretched the Raptor's wings for the first time, flying for about an hour over the North Georgia mountains. Also in 1995, The Chicago Bulls earned their second repeat NBA title of the decade. U.S. President Bill Clinton is inaugurated for his second term.

2000s A decade of mixed blessings for the company. In 2005, the company delivers its 50th Raptor. Four years later, in 2009, the battle for the F-22 begins with Defense Secretary Robert Gates pushing the argument that the plane is outdated and a relic of the Cold War. Gates recommends it ceases production. Local congressmen and lawmakers fight to preserve the plane but the battle ends with both the House and Senate agreeing to cut funding. The move causes ripples throughout the plant and community. More than 2,000 employees at Lockheed work on the F-22 and the future is uncertain. On another note, the backlog for orders for the C-130J reach an all-time high at 100. In 2010, ten workers begin assembling the next generation of aircraft by working on the fuselage of the center wing of the F-35. Company officials say by 2016, the work on the F-35 will need roughly 600 employees. Final assembly of the plane will be at Back orders on the C130J reach an Lockheed’s Fort Worth plant.

all-time high.


Robert A. Ormsby President, 1975-84

f the 16 bosses, Bob Ormsby held the position for the second longest. Ormsby was president of Lockheed Georgia from 1975 to 1984, but his tenure began many years before that. "I was hired in August of 1954," Ormsby said in an interview with the Journal in 2001. "I started in wind-tunnel work for Martin [which later merged with Lockheed]. I got tired of wind-tunnel work and Lockheed was expanding in '54 and I came down and joined a group called Operations Research, which is engineering and later became systems analysis. From there, I went to chief preliminary design engineer, to chief advanced design engineer, to chief engineer, to vice president of operations and then president." Ormsby was at Lockheed in 1954 when the local plant became a full-fledged aerospace company. In the 1960s, Ormsby was on the engineering team that was responsible for the C5 project. The thrill of winning the proposal for the C5 against competitors like Boeing and Douglas paled in comparison to the thrill of seeing the plane come off the production line. "It's indescribable," Ormsby said. "You work night and day. Your family has not seen you for a while. You eat, sleep and breathe it. There's no way to describe it." There are some nervous moments as well when the plane is ready for first flight, Ormsby said. When Ormsby took over the plant, the company was at a crossroads. The company was in the aftermath of major layoffs in the wake of the end of the original C-5 program. That answer came in the form of the C141B, a stretch version of an earlier Lockheed design. Ormsby said the Air Force discovered the original C-141 did not have enough room to accomplish all the tasks it was required to do. "As we proceeded with the C-141B program, we clicked along and did everything ahead of schedule, under budget, and met all the objectives." That effort made future projects possible. The C-141B put Lockheed Georgia back on the map. Ormsby was promoted to group president of all of Lockheed's airplane companies in 1984, and retired in 1986. Ormsby, 86, now lives in Roswell with his wife, Margaret.

MDJ file photos

Above, Ormsby at a press conference. Below, the president at his computer.


Kenneth W. Cannestra President, Executive Vice President/General Manager 1986-88, 1990-93 en Cannestra started with Lockheed-Martin in 1962, but not at the Marietta plant. After graduating from the University of Michigan with a degree in electrical engineering, Cannestra received his MBA from San Jose State University. From there, he joined Lockheed Martin in California. He bounced around the world in the missile defense area, and was in Saudi Arabia when he got the call to come to Georgia. "They brought me in knowing I was going to become the president," Cannestra said. "Paul Fretch was president at the time and he knew he was going to retire, so I worked under him for about eight months and then took over." Cannestra said he was dragged to Marietta practically kicking and screaming. "I fought the transfer," he said. "I had been in missiles and I didn't know much about airplanes. I was very inexperienced. I resisted until it became obvi-


18 C E L E B R A T I N G 6 0 Y E A R S O F S U C C E S S

Marietta Daily Journal

ous it was either come to Georgia or find another job. Eventually my wife and I fell in love with Georgia and with the people." When Cannestra came aboard, Lockheed was just getting ready to build the last of the C-5Bs. "The workforce jumped from 14,500 to about 25,000," he said. "I was amazed at how quickly people around here responded to the company's needs. I was surprised how quickly all the workers were trained to meet the demand of producing two planes a month." Following his tenure as president of the Marietta plant, Cannestra was named president of Lockheed's aircraft group. "I had my home office established in Vinings," Cannestra said. "I didn't want to show any bias to the California or Fort Worth plants in favor of Marietta." Cannestra, now 80, retired in 1996 and now lives in California.


James A. ‘Micky’ Blackwell President, 1993-95


ften called the “Father of the F-22” James “Micky” Blackwell made a major impact on Lockheed in just two years serving at the top. Blackwell worked his way up the management chain during 31 years with the company. Blackwell received his bachelor's degree from the University of Alabama and his master's degree from the University of Virginia before going to work for the U.S. government in Langley, Va. for seven years. Blackwell joined the Lockheed team in 1969. "I was with the company for a year before the aerospace depression in 1971," Blackwell said in an earlier interview with the Journal. "It was my worst experience with the company, watching the payroll go from 33,000 to 8,000 with the collapse of the C5 program. A huge number of people were laid off." Blackwell said he started out in aeronautical research and development, before climbing the ladder. "I went through the management chain," he said. "I worked on special projects, and stealth programs. I became the director of research and development for Lockheed Aeronautics in 1984. In 1986 I became V.P. of engineering. In 1987 I went to California and became president of the Lockheed portion of the F-22 program.” Blackwell recalls the announcement of Lockheed winning the F-22 program as an emotional moment. "I was sitting in Washington in front of a satellite television broadcast to all of Lockheed's locations," Blackwell said. The Secretary of the Air Force called the Lockheed chairman who called me. I went in front of the camera and announced we had won the contract. It was quite a feeling." The next several years were good for the company. "We won virtually every project that we bid on for seven years," Blackwell said. "We won the F-22, the Joint Strike Fighter, the Jasam cruise missile, the X-33 space plane." Blackwell also recalled competitions Lockheed won for the F-16 program against McDonnell-Douglas in Greece, the United Arab Emirates, and Israel. "It was an extraordinary run of luck," Blackwell said. Blackwell, now 70, lives in Marietta with his wife, Billie. His work in the community from First Methodist Church in Marietta to the Kiwanis Club has made his name almost synonymous with good works in Cobb County.

Though he was only at the plant for two years, Blackwell’s impact was enormous. He helped secure contracts for the F-22, above. Blackwell is still active in the community.


Proud to Serve You in the U.S. Senate




THE LEADERS William B. Bullock President, 1997-99 Bill Bullock started full-time

with Lockheed in June of 1957 after graduating from North Carolina State University. Bullock's career path took him from engineering to sales engineering, to sales and marketing, to program management. "I was in Lockheed's Washington office," Bullock said. "I was calling on customers in the Pentagon. I wasn't a lobbyist. I never worked on the [Capitol] Hill." In 1987, Bullock made the transition back into operations from program management, and was involved in that area until 1995, when he was named second in command. Unlike Ormsby and Blackwell, Bullock never spent much time in the engineering and manufacturing sector. Bullock said he was actively involved in the JetStar, C130, and C-5 programs during his tenure with Lockheed. "The C-130 is everybody's life blood," he said. "I was able to travel all over the world through the program." During his tenure as president, Bullock said his fondest memories were about working with people, and what those people taught him about working and life. "The people all along and Lockheed have been very good to me," he said.

20 C E L E B R A T I N G 6 0 Y E A R S O F S U C C E S S


SNAPSSHOTS James V. ‘Jimmie’ Carmichael Title: Vice president and GM Years: 1951-52

Daniel J. ‘Dan’ Houghton Title: Vice president and GM Years: 1952-56

A. Carl Kotchian Title: Vice president and GM Years: 1956-59

W.A. ‘Dick’ Pulver Title: Vice president, GM, president Years: 1959-67

Tom R. May Title: President Years: 1967-70

Robert A. ‘Bob’ Fuhrmann Title: President Years: 1970-71

Larry Kitchen Title: President Years: 1971-75

Robert ‘Bob’ Ormsby Title: President Years: 1975-84

W. Paul Fretch Title: President Years: 1984-86

Marietta Daily Journal

Kenneth W. Cannestra Title: Vice president, GM, president Years: 1986-93

H. Bard Allison Title: General manager Years: 1988-90

James A. `Micky' Blackwell Title: President Years: 1993-95

John S. McLellan Title: President Years: 1995-97

Willian B. `Bill' Bullock Title: President Years: 1997-99

C.T. `Tom' Burbage Title: President Years: 1999-2000

Lee E. Rhyant Title: General manager Years: 2000-2011

Shan Cooper Title: General Manager Years: 2011Marietta Daily Journal





A new

The leadership of Lockheed-Martin has been phenomenal over the past 60 years, and the current leader is no different. Lee Rhyant, 60, took the reins of the Marietta plant as general manager in 2001 and, for the past 10 years, has expanded and updated assembly lines and increased production rates. More than $300 million has been invested in the Marietta facility over the past three years, and 8,000 workers are employed at the facility. We got a chance to ask Rhyant and his successor Shan Cooper a few questions. COMPILED BY DONNA ESPY PHOTOGRAPHY BY MDJ STAFF AND JOHN ROSSINO


What do you hope your legacy will be as the leader of the Marietta plant these past 10 years?


Working at Lockheed Martin over the past decade has provided me with a tremendous opportunity to work with some of the most talented, dedicated people in the world. For Lockheed, continuing to recruit and retain the best of the best workforce will be critical to our future success. Part of the legacy I hope to leave is that I played an integral role in bringing some of this great talent to Marietta and developing the incredible workforce we have at our facility today. I also take great pride in being able to mentor some of our future leaders who will one day lead Lockheed Martin. Finally, I would like to be able to say I helped create a culture at our facility where inclusion is a business imperative. I can honestly say that all our employees are valued and treated with dignity and respect when they walk through our doors to come to work.


What will you miss most at Lockheed Martin in Marietta?


Definitely, it’s the people who work here that I will miss most. I have made some wonderful friendships over the last decade that will remain for a lifetime. Our culture at Lockheed Martin is one where we are a family. I know that may sound cliché, but it’s the absolute truth. Though we have 8,000 employees at our site, I take pride in knowing the vast majority of them personally. Walking the hallways and being able to engage in conversation about families and important milestones in our employees’ lives brings me great joy.


What are your future plans? Any consulting ahead for you? Family time? Will you continue to volunteer in the community?


You mentioned two things that are at the top of my list. First, family is the most important thing to me. I have a wonderful wife, Evelyn, twin boys, who are both practicing physicians and 3 grandchildren. I plan to spend even more time with them doing the things we enjoy doing as a family – traveling and rooting for the Indianapolis Colts! I also, of course, intend to continue working with community organizations. It’s important to me to give back. I do a great deal of mentoring,

which will always be something I make time to do. Music and the arts has always been a passion of mine, and so I plan to continue participating in organizations that work to promote the arts and encourage our youth to pursue their artistic dreams. Beyond that, we’ll just have to see what God has planned for me!


What kind of advice can you give Shan Cooper as she take the reins of the Marietta operation?


Well, first let me say, I am Shan’s number one fan! Shan is an incredible leader. She is exactly what Lockheed Martin Marietta needs right now. She is strategic, visionary and is very well-rounded in her career experiences. She is charismatic and people respect her because she is genuine and passionate about Lockheed Martin and its employees. My best advice to her is always stay focused on the customer. If we think every day about our customer and what they are here to do – serve and protect our country – we will always stay on the right track. Also, focus on employees’ needs. Be a better listener than talker. And, finally, lead by example. Lockheed Martin Marietta couldn’t be in better hands than with Shan Cooper.


Lee Rhyant has had a distinguished career at the plant. Right, new manager Shan Cooper with Rhyant in the cockpit of a C-130J.

Shantella (Shan) Cooper has been


named Lockheed Martin Marietta’s new Vice President and General Manager, succeeding Lee Rhyant, who is retiring. Cooper, 42, served previously as the vice president of human resources for Lockheed Martin Information Systems and Global Solutions, based in Gaithersburg, Md. She worked at the Marietta site for two years and was in charge of human resources. We asked her to answer a few questions regarding her upcoming tenure as the facility’s leader.


As incoming manager of the Marietta site, what are your priorities as you “hit the ground running?”


First let me say that, because of the work Lee Rhyant has done over the last decade, we are well-positioned and heading in exactly the right direction to sustain and grow our competitive advantage. Focusing on our employees is a high priority. I want to continue to ensure our employees are communicated with on a consistent basis so that they understand our business priorities and strategies and understand the critical role they play in our success today and in the future. I plan to work closely with our customers to make sure we are always able to anticipate their needs and react accordingly. There are also numerous opportunities to grow our community partnerships in ways that make sense for our business. Having the opportunity to grow and engage our workforce of the future is imperative, so we’ll continue to look for ways to round out our STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Math) activities with our Partners in Education schools, and beyond.

Q: A:

How do you see the Marietta plant impacting the city and the community surrounding it? Lockheed Martin has been a part of the Marietta and Cobb County community for 60 years. We are so proud of our rich heritage in this community and we look forward to the next 60 years. As you know, Lockheed Martin is one of the largest employers in the Marietta/Cobb County community and we understand and have a great appreciation for the role we play in improving the community. There will always be opportunities to partner with community organizations that work to provide a better way of life for Cobb County residents. There will always be opportunities to work with our schools to improve education. We want to be on the cutting-edge of developing initiatives and programs that will work to improve our community overall. Of course, the health and strength of our business plays a role in the community’s economy, so we want to continue to focus on quality operations and delivering a superior product to our customer.

Q: A:

Do you plan to become involved in the community through volunteering, community groups, etc.?

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Marietta Daily Journal

Volunteering and being active in the community has always been and will continue to be important for Lockheed-Martin and for me personally. LockheedMartin truly believes in giving back to the communities in which our employees live and work. And, recognizing that our employees live not only in Marietta and Cobb County, but also in metro Atlanta.


Stories from the

COCKPIT c o l u m n i s t

Y ou would be hard pressed to find a journalist whose link

to Lockheed Martin’s Marietta plant through the years rivals that of Marietta Daily Journal Associate Editor Bill Kinney. The 86-year-old veteran newsman has covered the plant through all of its stages, its leadership changes, its challenges and successes. And, he still covers the plant, active in the MDJ newsroom today. Perhaps, the most interesting chapter of his career following Lockheed Martin was when in 1958 he was invited by the plant to accompany them as they delivered several C130s to the Far East. Kinney documented his journey through a series of vivid columns that truly capture the spirit of the aviation, the journey itself and a unique vision into the world during that time. The following pages contain excerpts from that exciting trip. Opposite page: Through his career Kinney, center and above right, was able to fly on the majority of every plane the plant produced.


MDJ file photos/Lockheed-Martin file photos/Photo illustration by Mark Wallace Maguire


March 16, 1958

HIGHWAYS WORST, MARIETTA EDITOR DISCOVERS By Bill Kinney ASHIYA, Japan – There’s no description for Japanese roads. There ain’t nothing like them anywhere. After a hair-raising experience with a Japanese customs officer Monday, we traveled 35 miles to Fukuoka to witness a presentation at the governor’s office. The strip of road which we traveled was the main link between Ashiya (population 100,000) and Fukuoka (population 500,000). Its importance is the same as Highway 41 in Georgia. It’s regarded as the best highway on the island of Kyushu. I have never seen a road to compare with it. It was pockmarked every few yards. And I don’t mean little holes, but deep spring-busters. Our Japanese National driver must have ‘They knew been a suicide pilot in World Atlanta was War II. We bounced, our springs hit rock bottom, we reared, we famous for bounced. I ducked, I cringed, I “Gone With The ducked and almost prayed at Wind,” knew times. Over here the drivers seem to make it a game to see about Margaret close they can miss the onMitchell’s death, how coming car. Our driver either and knew that was a good one or a lucky one. After the trip, he turned around, Marietta grinned and said: “Never lost produced B-29s passenger yet.”

in WWII.’

Just Made It It had seemed foolish to leave at 12:45 p.m. for a 3 p.m. appointment with Fukuoka’s Governor Karoku Tsuchiya, whom we were to confer the rank of colonel from the governor of Oklahoma. We made it just on time. The stateside governor conferred the honor because our 8 C-130s had been based at Ardmore, Okla. Then, too, (confidentially, now) anytime you give a Japanese official a present, he feels obligated to do likewise, only on a much more expensive basis. Governor Tsuchiya didn’t miss a trick. The Japanese newspapermen and radio people were out in force. He stressed to them the importance of the honor and flashbulbs popped all around as Colonel Edwin Hibner, who flew us 8,200 miles across the Pacific, made the presentation. Graft was turned up in Tsuchiya’s government recently and a recall movement is underway. He was capitalizing on this presentation. Afterward, the Japanese newsmen cornered Don Carter, of the Atlanta Journal, and myself for a briefing on our state. However, they knew Atlanta was famous for “Gone With The Wind,” knew about Margaret Mitchell’s death, and knew that Marietta produced B-29s in WWII. Fukuoka’s naval and air installations were heavily hit by B-29s. The Japanese put great stock in a man’s personal card and the reporters all wanted to exchange with us. Upon departure, Tsuchiya passed the word to the Japanese to bow. Scores of government officials and onwatchers literally bent double time and again as we made our way to the car. It was a sight to see.


March 11, 1958

HOUSES CHEAP ON KWAJALEIN Want A Nice Quiet Place To Read, See Movies, Collect Shells, Relax

Booklet Quoted

By Bill Kinney KWAJALEIN - Yokwe yuk to you!! That's the greeting you get here from the native Melanesians, who are brown skinned and kinky-haired. Yokwe yuk means both hello and goodbye, just as the Hawaiian Aloha has become a general form of greeting and farewell. Kwajalein Island, which is boomerang-shaped, is one of 70 islands and islets in the world's largest atoll. Kwajalein itself is about three miles in length and one-half wide. It is situated 2,134 miles east of Honolulu, being nine degrees north of the equator. Primary mission of this isolated tropical island, whose average temperature is 81 degrees, is refueling of aircralt. However, within the next few days it will take on a much more important role when it becomes a main support activity center for Operation Hardtack, the U.S.’s big spring atomic tests. It will funnel hundreds to Bikini and Antiwetok for the A-blasts, about 340 miles away. Four of the eight C-130's in the Japan-bound convoy put in here Wednesday around 5 p.m.

1130 Whitlock Avenue Marietta


2950 King Street Smyrna

770.435.4467 We are proud to be a locally owned and operated firm, and we feel that we have a good relationship with the folks in our community. For over thirty years, Randy Carmichael and staff have stressed the importance of providing excellent service to the families of Cobb County. GEORGIA FUNERAL DIRECTORS ASSOCIATION

Early Thursday morning we fly on to Guam, a distance of 1,379 miles. At Guam we will wait a day until four ether Hercules catch up with us. Early Saturday morning all eight are scheduled to complete the 8,000-mile journey in a flight to Ashiya, Japan.



W W W. C A R M I C H A E L F U N E R A L H O M E S . C O M 28 C E L E B R A T I N G 6 0 Y E A R S O F S U C C E S S

Marietta Daily Journal

In a booklet for distribution to service personnel on Kwajalein, it says: "Dependents with persistent emotional problems are not encouraged to come to Kwajalein," I’ll buy that. So will the some 2,000 servicemen stationed here. There are no vehicles on the island except buses and necessary service vehicles. All travel is by bicycle, but bus service is excellent. No one seems to be in a hurry. Speed is no factor. It’s a relief from traffic jams. There are less than a dozen single women on the island – nurses and school teachers. Palm trees florish, but that is all. There is nothing in which to spend your money; swimming is limited to pool; because the sharks will eat you in the surf; and any metal object put down for about 24 hours is corroded. It's a nice place for a serviceman to bring his family if he wants to spend 18 quiet months looking at movies, biking, collecting sea shells, reading and relaxing.

Puts Away Cash If you're saving up money to buy a house, come here. One sailor, A.R. Montoya, of New Mexico, said he was spending only about $5 a month and is putting away cash at a fast clip for his college education. Kwajalein, part of the Marshall Island chain, was unknown to men of the western world until the 17th century, Germany first occupied the islands in the 1880's, then Japan in 1911 and the United States in 1944. The Seventh Infantry, after a terrific air and sea bombardment, invaded on Feb. 1, 1944, killing all except a handful of the stubborn garrison of several thousand [Japanese.] The only scars of war left are a Japanese cemetery, a few caves and a pillbox. Taken at a minimum of U.S. lives, Kwajalein was the jumping-off spat for U.S. invasion of the Philippines. The Japanese had 10,000 persons crammed on Kwajalein and its nearby Island of Ebeye, which is inhabited by some 1,800 islanders whose ancestors settled the Marshalls 1,000 years ago. Today, European clothing has almost entirely replaced native dress although small children still go nude. The natives from Ebeye aren't prohibited on the island after 4:30 p.m. It is a rare light to look across the island to see them go to the outer reef to bathe themselves.

Like U.S. Rule While the natives respected Japanese authority, they had no love for it. Unlike the Japanese, the Germans didn't try to wipe out the island customs. The older Japanese like U.S. rule best. The younger generation was schooled in the Japanese way of life. Actually, Kwajalein reminds one of a small city in South Georgia. It's somewhat weather-beaten and not kept in the best shape because of the present austerity program of the government.

March 14, 1958

AMERICAN INFLUENCE MAKES NATIVES OF GUAM FRIENDLY By Bill Kinney GUAM - (Saturday) - It sure looked funny — that big new American Cadillac parked beneath that tin-roofed native hut, sitting high up on stilts. There is one thing that every Guamanian family possesses and that's an automobile. It's partly through necessity as travel from distant points on the 30-mile long island to their government and military jobs. Downtown Agana, the only town on Guam, reminds one of Coconut Beach, Fla., with its sandy beaches, bars, big cars and pastel-colored housing and buildings. And just outside Agana it reminds you of Marietta's Roswell Street, with its lot of used cars. The town itself has been leveled twice by invading forces, first the Japanese, then by the U.S. Therefore, it is about as modern as any you’ll find in the states. The Guamanians are different from the natives you see on the other Pacific islands. A half-century of American influence has made them that way.

Work Hard The government has brought in hundreds of Filipinos to help man the military installations. The Filipinos will work hard. There was no organized guerrilla resistance to the Japanese from the easy-going Guamanians, who literally were made into slaves by their conquerors. Well-built roads, public utilities and multi-million dollar hospitals, courtesy of Uncle Sam, help contribute to their well-being. Many of the Guamanian send their children to the west coast to college. The Japanese made the natives farm for them and put them on a strict ration basis. Very few Guamanians now pursue agriculture. They work for Uncle Sam, except in the fiesta season when the people of each village lay everything aside and hold a communitywide open house that lasts for days. The economy of Guam has been roughed up by two factors in the past 12 months. First, Typhoon Lola ripped into the island, causing 11 million dollars damage, and then the 10-year subsidy plan for coconut trees expired. U.S. forces knocked down practically every coconut tree on the island, so our government paid the natives $10 a year a tree until they could be restored.

March 20, 1958


COCKPIT COLUMNIST just 90 miles from the tip of Southern Japan.

Admiration Rises By Bill Kinney SEOUL, Korea – Any GI who lived in Korea deserves a bonus. One whiff and one glimpse of this barren little country convinced me of this. Ever been to Copperhill. Tenn.? If you have, then you know how South Korea looks. Wrinkled-looking, eroded mountains jump up all around you. There is no semblance of a range. U.N. troops burned off all of the mountains in flushing out the North Koreans, and small children have picked the remaining vegetation clean for use as fuel. It's against the law to cut down the few remaining pines. Situated at the foot of each mountain is a Korean village, with thatched-roof mud huts. U.N. airfields dot the entire peninsula, which is 280 miles long and 150 miles wide. The airfields are designated as K, Osan, for instance, is called K-55. We flew up almost to the demilitarized zone, 28 miles north of Seoul. It's been hot up there, militarily-speaklng. A military transport was commandeered recently and an American F-86 shot down. The primary mission of American troops there is to provide a deterrent force for the U.N. This, spelled out in simple language, means if we leave. the North Koreans probably will pour in to take over and the North Korean and their Russians friends will be

From the air you wonder how in God's world could our forces wage tank warfare here. Then you get on the ground and inspect the water-filled and human fertilized rice paddies aud your admiration for the foot soldier hits a new peak. The stench is like you have never smelled before. One word best describes South Korea and its people: "primitive." For thousands of years the people have been married to the land. They farm their tiny plots by ox and cow plow, with rice and barley comprising 98 percent of their crops. Three-fourths of the people are engaged in farming on plots roughly averaging 2½ acres each. On this land, a family of five or more may have to find its livelihood.

Kinney interviewing a Lockheed executive.


March 24, 1958

WANT NO COMMUNISM By Bill Kinney TOKYO — What impresses one most about Japan! THE PEOPLE - Genuinely friendly, hospitable, polite, fascinating, ambitious, resourceful and honest. This overcomes any language barrier. Not one time were we treated discourteously. A clerk chased us down the street to return 20 yen we had left on a counter. TOKYO - Fifty percent destroyed by U. S. bombers, not one visible scar of war was observed. The Japanese proudly proclaim the city, with its nearly nine million persons, to be the world's largest, city limits to city limits. In the daytime it is drab. At night the artistry and color of the neon signs is nothing like you've ever seen before, not even in New York's Times Square. ATTITUDE TOWARD U. S. - The Japanese

have seen the green of the good old American dollar. This, plus a long-time dislike of and distrust for the Russians, should make them our allies in any future conflict. Only at Tashikawa AFB, where the U.S. proposes to extend its runways through some homes, did we see any hostility displayed. This agitation is Communist-inspired. In the world's political arena, the Japanese tell you they want to be counted on the side of the democracies and want no part of Communism. THE WAR - The Japanese tell you they want no more war. This is reflected in great inducements offered to get enough pilots to man the 500 planes Japan is allowed. The man in the street will answer a direct question on the war, but little else. They want to forget. They volunteer comment on their dislike for our Pacific atomic tests. BASIC PROBLEM - Population. Ninety (90) million persons live in an area about the size of

California and the population is increased one million yearly. Because of the mountains only 15 percent of the land is arable on these narrow islands, which would stretch over an area from New Orleans to Toronto. Mechanization on the farm isn't feasible because of the small land holdings. ECONOMY – Booming, thanks to American aid and the diligence, willingness to work and sacrifice by the people. Pitifully poor in natural resources, Japan must spend abroad for raw materials, but then must have sufficient market for its manufactured goods to maintain a trade balance. Few realize Japan bought more than a billion dollars' worth of goods from us last year, being our largest buyer of raw cotton. As a result, an amazing but complex prosperity has resulted that has knitted East with West, and turned the island empire into one of the leading industrialized nations of the world. Its production has doubled. RELIGION - Only one percent Christian, but increasing. Japan was a closed door nation until the 17th century, keeping missionaries out. Buddhism, Shintoism and Confucianism flourish. People line up devoutly at magnificent shrines to clap their hands in worship service. They criticize us more for accidental bomb hits on shrines and temples than for bombing the emperor's palace. ENTERTAINMENT - The Rockettes in New York City can't touch the 600 dancing girls (they are all about the same size) of the Kokusai Theatre, Ed Sullivan called them "the greatest" and said he'd carry them to the states if transportation and entry were possible. Beautifully costumed, they dance in the world's largest theatre.

LOCKHEED MARTIN and all your past and present employees for 60 years of historical accomplishments, momentous contributions to the economy of Cobb County and positive impact on the world.

STANDARD OF LIVING - Rising. It's reflected in nicely-dressed people and variety seen along Ginu Street (big shopping area) in Tokyo. The happy and healthy school children reflect a better way of life. The average worker makes $30 a month. Their education system, copied after ours, is improving. English is compulsory after the eighth grade and 7,000 English words are required to enter college. FOOD – Japanese now raise 80 percent of their needs in their patchwork of rice paddies. The yield is highest anywhere in Asia because two out or every five Japanese farm. The fishing industry has been greatly expanded, thus making export sizeable. The country's 140,000 fishing boats prey the seas from Hawaii to Indonesia for tuna, salmon, crab and sea bream.



2210 COBB PARKWAY | 770-952-2277 | TOLL FREE: 1-800-367-0326 | WWW.CAPITALCADILLAC.COM

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Marietta Daily Journal

An award-winning journalist and longtime newspaperman, you can read Bill Kinney’s columns every week in The Marietta Daily Journal.


Birds. Kites. Jets. Whatever you call them, these are the planes that were built by the workers at Lockheed Martin’s Marietta plant through the last 60 years. Some have exceeded expectations. Others have had relative short bursts of success. But they all have a few commonalities. They have great names that pay homage to flight itself. And they were all built here.


Photos by John Rossino/Lockheed Martin. Photo illustration by Mark Wallace Maguire


B-29 Superfortress Delivery years: 1951-52 While the current Lockheed plant was operated by Bell, well over 600 of these giant bombers were churned out in just two years, including 65 during June of 1945. However, the contract was canceled after V-J Day, and the production was ceased. When Lockheed reopened the plant in 1951, the mission was to refurbish planes that had been in long-term storage in Pyote, Texas to get them into battle condition for Korea. In total, 120 of the bombers were retooled at the Lockheed Marietta plant.

36 C E L E B R A T I N G 6 0 Y E A R S O F S U C C E S S

Marietta Daily Journal


B-47 Stratojet Delivery years: 1953-57 Innovations continued when the B-47 Stratojet was introduced in 1953. The Stratojet was considered futuristic when it came out later in the 1950s. Lockheed built nearly 400 of the Boeing-designed aircraft.

Marietta Daily Journal




C-130 Hercules (A-H Models) Delivery years: 1956-1996 Known as the bread and butter of the plant, the C-130 has been a mainstay at the plant for decades. It is the longest-produced military aircraft in aviation history. The Hercules airlifter has performed in missions all across the globe. The plane, depending on its model, can carry up to 45,579 pounds of cargo. It would not be a stretch to state that the plane has been to almost every nation on the planet. It has also been utilized as a passenger transport. The largest number of passengers transported was 452. There have been 70 different versions of the plane, delivered to 65 operators. During the 40-year production run, Lockheed has delivered more than 2,000 aircraft world wide.

LASA-60 Santa Maria Delivery years: 1960 The LASA-60 Santa Maria was a Lockheed foray into civilian aircraft. It was the first plane designed and built in Marietta, but in the end, only two were built locally, due to financial problems. Lockheed licensed the construction of 18 of the planes to Mexico. Another 150 were built in Italy and South Africa.

JetStar and JetStar II Delivery years: 1961-73, 1976-80 (JetStar II) The JetStar was the plant’s entry into the corporate/business arena of air travel. This was a four-engine, 10-passenger small jet. Six sitting U.S. Presidents flew on the planes, meaning that for a while the planes were Air Force One. JetStar production went through three major model changes and two separate production runs while in production at the Georgia plant.

XV-4 Hummingbird Delivery years: 1963 The XV-4 Hummingbird was Lockheed's attempt at a plane that took off vertically, like a helicopter. The Hummingbird ran into trouble because the plane required a large amount of fuel to provide the necessary lift required to take off.

C-141 StarLifter Delivery years: 1963-68, 1978-83 (C-1141B)

40 C E L E B R A T I N G 6 0 Y E A R S O F S U C C E S S

The C-141 was the first plane designed and built at the plant. It also resulted in three feeder plants being constructed in Meridian, Miss., Johnstown, Pa., and Clarksdale, Miss. The C-141 was used to repatriate all the U.S. prisoners of war from Vietnam, and when it came out it dramatically reduced trip times from the U.S. to Vietnam. It originally took military aircraft 72 hours to make the journey and the C-141 cut that trip time in half to 37 hours. Marietta Daily Journal

C-5 Galaxy Delivery years: 1969-75 (C-5A) 1985-89 (C-5B) The C-5 Galaxy is the largest plane Lockheed ever built. In fact, until the Russian An-124, it was the largest plane in history, with a length of 222 feet, a wingspan of 247 feet and a height of 65 feet. The C-5 was designed with a specific purpose in mind. Not after the advent of the C-5. It had the capacity to carry two M-1 tanks, each weighing 60 tons. The plane also arguably garnered the most press attention, earning headlines in newspapers across the nation and being featured as the dominant story on national television news on the morning of its first test flight.



P-3 Orion Delivery years: 1995 The P-3 Orion started out with a civilian intention, but wound up being adopted by the U.S. Navy as a tracking plane. It was originally used during the Cuban Missile Crisis locating magnetic anomalies, or submarines under water with an external sensor. It was also equipped with an impressive arsenal of weapons. Throughout the Cold War it was utilized to track Soviet subs as they went through operations. Orions were not manufactured in Marietta until the mid-1990s, and only eight were built at the local plant.

F-22 Raptor Delivery years: 1997 to present (The last aircraft is expected to be delivered in early 2012) The Raptor features stealth, integrated avionics, maneuverability, and supercruise. It is the most capable operational fighter aircraft flying anywhere in the world. When the program began, Lockheed, Boeing and General Dynamics were teamed and competed against, and won, against a team from Northrop and McDonnell Douglas. Lockheed bought out General Dynamics in 1993, and now is responsible for two thirds of the program. The wings and aft fuselage section are constructed in Seattle. The mid fuselage section is manufactured in Ft. Worth, Texas. The remainder of the aircraft (or jet) is manufactured in Marietta. The other parts are shipped to Marietta, and the aircraft are assembled and test flown here.


Lockheed Martin on its 60th Birthday! We sincerely appreciate your continued support! Since 1960, CFR has helped tens of thousands of low-income families with employment, education, and housing services; leadership development programs; mentoring opportunities; and temporary financial and food assistance. Guided by organizational values of Family, Integrity, Results, Service and Teamwork, the staff at CFR is committed to breaking the cycle of poverty by helping families acquire the resources they need to become independent and self-sufficient.

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C-130J Hercules

Knowledge, accuracy, and good old fashion service. Come experience the power of community banking. Delivery years: 1996 to present The C-130J is also part of Lockheed Martin's future. It is a complete reinvention of the earlier Hercules, with new avionics systems, features and longer-life materials. The C-130J is now on order or being flown by 15 countries around the world. More than 200 have been delivered with likely production extending out for at least another decade or more.

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F-35 Lighting II Delivery years: Starting in 2011 The next generation of multi-service, multi-variant fighter for the US and its allies is being partially built in Marietta. The mid fuselage section is being constructed in Marietta and will be shipped to Ft. Worth, Texas, where the jets will undergo final assembly. The F-35 is a smaller, slightly more conventional-looking, single-engine sibling of the twin-engine F-22. It also has stealth technology and highly sophisticated avionics and systems, including all cockpit displays projected on to the visor of the pilot’s helmet.

678-569-4250 770-333-0772 3411 Ernest Barrett Parkway Marietta • 30064

1298 Concord Road Smyrna • 30080



By the 202 CHURCH STREET, N.E. • PHONE: (770) 428-3308 • FAX: (770) 429-8305 P.O. BOX 1089 MARIETTA, GEORGIA 30061 WWW.LITTLEANDSMITH.COM A.D. Little, CPCU • William D. Smith Sr. • William D. Smith, Jr. James R. Elrod • David F. Hunter • David B. Burruss Eugene Y. Northcutt • Michael J. Dillon • William B. Witcher, Jr.


the plant’s history

Thanks to Jeff Rhodes, plant historian, for providing the following information

(Figures as of 31 December 2010)


 Cost to build the plant (1942): $52 million Cost to replace the air conditioner in B-1 (1998): $20 million Employees in January 1951): 150 Employees at year end (1951)10,570

on Your 60th Birthday! We are celebrating our 85th Anniversary

Because of its commitment to the highest level of service to its clients, Little & Smith, Inc. has twice been honored as the top-rated insurance agency in the U.S. in its revenue class by the IIABA Best Practices Study Group

44 C E L E B R A T I N G 6 0 Y E A R S O F S U C C E S S

Employees at year-end (1961): 13,172 Employees at year-end (1971): 16,554 Employees at year-end (1981): 13,300

Marietta Daily Journal

Employees at year-end (1991): 11,345 Employees at year-end (2001): 6,738 Employees at year-end (2010)): 7,751 Highest year end employment: 31,192 in 1969 Volunteer hours in 2010: Approximately 60,000 Amount donated by Marietta employees to the Bucks of the Month club (1951): $8,000



PROGRAMS The Marietta plant has also been involved with a

number of other programs. The company was involved for three years with Lockheed's nuclear-powered bomber project in the 1950s and the C-130 Boundary Layer Control program in the 1960s. The mid fuselage for the two exotic looking, triple-sonic, XB-70 Valkyries were built in a circus tent erected in the middle of B-1 in the early 1960s and parts for the Lockheed-California Company's L1011 were fabricated here. n the late 1990s, Marietta has been involved with parts production for the early V-22 Osprey tilt-rotor aircraft and the early production C 17s. Marietta is also building Enhanced Service Life center wing boxes for the C-130 fleet. In 2010, production began on the first center fuselage for the F 35 Lightning II Joint Strike Fighter. At rate production, scheduled for 2014, one center fuselage will be delivered per day. Current plans call for more than 3,000 of the three-variant F 35 to be built.




Working at Lockheed-Martin, a family tradition for


Over the past 60 years,

Lockheed-Martin’s Marietta plant has impacted many families in the Cobb County area through employment. And those families, in turn, have also impacted Lockheed-Martin.

Then and now: Above, father Bob Hill holding son, Doug, in 1960. At right, Doug carries on a tradition held by his dad for 55 years.

One such family is the Hill family from East Cobb. Bob Hill, at 77 years old, still has an active pilot’s license and has flown thousands of miles for his employer of 55 years – Lockheed. Although he retired in 2007, his walls are still adorned with photos of airplanes and other aviation memorabilia that caps an extraordinary career with the aeronautical company. He began his career as a storekeeper and ended it as a chief production test pilot. His knowledge of flying was transferred to his son, Doug, 53, who has worked for Lockheed since 1980, when he graduated from Georgia State University. While he is not a pilot, Doug, an Adairsville resident, says the stories and excitement of piloting the C-130 and other aircraft are what he looked forward to most when his dad would return from delivering an aircraft to a foreign country.


Top, Bob Hill on the wing of the Mighty Hercules. Above, an early family portrait of Bob, Doug and Allene. Left, a portrait of the elder Hill. His work at Lockheed through the years had him fly over 14,000 hours and visit more than 72 nations.

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Marietta Daily Journal

“There’s a lot of pride in that place,” the younger Hill said of Lockheed’s 8,000-member workforce. “And the company has always stressed family – not just blood-related family, but friends and co-workers who become like family.” Bob Hill’s wife of 58 years, Allene, said it was often “long and stressful” raising their three small children when her husband was gone overseas for three months at a time. In fact, Bob Hill has flown over 14,000 hours and visited 72 nations – “that’s a lot for a non-airline pilot,” Hill said. He is still an FAA-designated pilot examiner. Their other two children, twins Rick and Vickie, chose different professions than their father and brother. But the love of flying has never left their father, who says he used to watch the B-29 bombers take off over his Marietta home as a ten-year-old boy, and dreamed of being a pilot. “I remember looking up into the sky and saying to myself, ‘Gee, I’d like to do that,’” says Hill. In December, Hill was awarded the “Wright Brothers Master Pilot Award” for having 50 continuous years as a pilot. While there have been some great family memories over those 55 years, there have also been some heart-breaking ones. On Feb. 3, 1993, a Lockheed L-100-20, used as the Lockheed High Technology Test Bed, crashed at nearby Dobbins Air Reserve Base. All seven crew members aboard perished in the crash. Bob Hill was the ranking member in flight operations that day. Seven of his friends died. To this day, talking about the tragedy is difficult for him and brings tears to his eyes. He still cherishes a small glass statue with part of the doomed plane’s metal skin inside. The elder Hills are also active in the community – another trait of Lockheed-Martin employees. They are longtime members of Roswell Street Baptist Church and are active in their Sunday School class. Doug and his wife, Carolyn (they met at Lockheed) are busy with their daughter’s senior-year activities at Adairsville High School. Doug Hill, who works in engineering business management, says he wishes the best to Lockheed-Martin’s incoming general manager, Shan Cooper, and added he met her during her first stint at the Marietta company in human resources. He said that, throughout his years and his dad’s tenure, the company has always had the same philosophy – produce a quality product for the customer that’s dependable, and make sure they do all they can to make everyone at the plant successful. Bob Hill, looking back on his vast accomplishments and memories at the facility, urged the new Lockheed-Martin leader to continue producing quality products. “Keep the wagon on the road,” Hill said with a smile.

INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF MACHINISTS AND AEROSPACE WORKERS LOCAL LODGE 709, AFL - C10 In recognition of the founding fathers of I.A.M. Local Lodge 709 and in appreciation of all bargaining unit employees who dedicated their lives to the building of the many different military aircraft over the past 60 years.

JSF • C-130 • C-5 • F-22 • P3

L to R James Ingram, Senior Negotiating Committee, Ray Dempsey, Senior Negotiating Committee, Denise Rakestraw President, Bill Egan, Senior Negotiating Committee, Mike Owens, Senior Negotiating Committee

From left, International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers Retirees, Community and Membership Services Department Director Charles N. Micallef, Ph.D; Lockheed Martin Retirees Union vice president. Photo by: Laura Moon.

Back row, L to R James Butler, Business Representative, Perry B. Gulledge, Vice President, David Edwards, Business Representative, Front row L to R Sandy Ledinsky, Recording Secretary, Denise Rakestraw, President, Susan Holmes, Secretary-Treasurer

Lockheed Union retirees at the International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers Local Lodge 709 in Marietta. Photo by: Laura Moon.

1032 South Marietta Parkway • Marietta, Georgia


Writer Joe Dabney devoted 24 years of service to Lockheed Martin’s Marietta plant in their public relations department. He called it his dream job. He went on dozens of test flights. He wrote about it in the company newspaper ‘The Southern Star.’ And later, he penned a book on the great C-130J called, ‘Herk.’ We asked him to share his thoughts with us on the plant’s 60th birthday and weren’t disappointed.


hen I joined the Lockheed-Georgia Company in the spring of 1965 as editor of the “Lockheed Southern Star,” I thought I had died and gone to heaven. I’d always been an aviation fanatic, and as a teenager I’d idolized the P-38 Lightning, called by our World War II adversaries the “Forked Tail Devil.” And I’d followed the exploits of Lockheed’s F-80 Shooting Star, America’s first production jet fighter that had flexed its wings in Korea, my war, tangling with Russian-built IL-10s and MIGs. Now here I was, finding myself working with the legendary Marietta company whose new airlifters were setting a whole bunch of new records around the world . Thus when Lockheed’s effervescent, gung-ho photographer Turner – known as TH - Hiers took me down Third Street on my first tour of Lockheed’s 76-acre B-1 Building, the largest aircraft facility under one roof at that time, I was awestruck. The building’s production floor was jam packed with airplanes in various stages of assembly! The right hand east side of B-1 from Third Street on down to the huge hangar doors on the east end past Tunnel 5 (underneath) was filled with an impressive assembly line of C-130 Hercules transports. The propjet was already setting records in the Vietnam conflict, and the U.S. Air Force was asking for more. One of the early slogans of USAF Herk pilots was, “You call, we haul.” Besides the Herky Birds, I spotted a second assembly line running parallel beyond the C-130, this for the four-engine Lockheed JetStar executive jet that was being purchased by corporations across the country and by individuals like Howard Hughes. Later on, our demonstrator JetStar would take on the tail number 007 in order to play a starring role in the movie “Goldfinger.” TH then pointed out to me the THIRD assembly line on the opposite end of B-1, a lineup of shiny TTail fanjet-powered Lockheed C-141 Starlifters. I learned that the 141 cargo and troop carrier was becoming the logistics lifeline for our forces in Vietnam. As we walked back to our office in B-2, all I could say to TH was, “UN-believable.” * * * The icing on the cake for me, as an introduction to the great 10,000-employee Lockheed-Georgia operation at the time, came some weeks later when my boss, Public Relations Director Lee Rogers, called me to his office and told me that he wanted TH and myself to go to Charleston, S.C. to cover the delivery of the first C-141 being delivered to Charleston Air Force Base. “You’ll fly down with Dan Haughton in his corporate JetStar,” Lee told us. Holy Moley! My first thought was: “Lord have mercy, Boss; You gotta be kidding!” I’d already heard a lot about Dan Haughton. Employees at the Marietta plant were great admirers of the folksy University of Alabama grad from earlier years when he served as the Marietta plant’s second manager in 1952, following Marietta’s Jimmie Carmichael. They called him “Uncle Dan,” as he “tromped the orchard,” talking to employees along the way, hundreds of whom he knew on a first-name basis. TH recalled the day he was walking ,camera in hand, across B-1 to an assignment when Haughton strode up from behind and said, “Hey Turner, it’s a lot of fun building airplanes, isn’t it.” So here in 1965, as CEO of the Lockheed Corporation in Burbank, Uncle Dan greeted us with a friendly smile as we climbed into his JetStar on the B-4 ramp. I was amazed at his friendliness and he put us to ease quickly. On the way back TH and I got to ride one of the new C-141s coming back to Marietta. After experiencing a heavy landing at Dobbins, I turned to Chuck Littlejohn who worked in marketing and asked, “Was that a normal landing?” Chuck grinned and said, “No.” BYJOE DABNEY  PHOTOGRAPHY BY MIA MCCORKLE


Writer Joe Dabney devoted 24 years of service to Lockheed-Martin’s Marietta plant in their public relations department. He called it his dream job. He went on dozens of test flights. He wrote about it in the company newspaper ‘The Southern Star.’ And later, he penned a book on the great C-130J called, ‘Herk.’ We asked him to share his thoughts with us on the plant’s 60th birthday and weren’t disappointed.


hen I joined the Lockheed-Georgia Company in the spring of 1965 as editor of the “Lockheed Southern Star,” I thought I had died and gone to heaven. I’d always been an aviation fanatic, and as a teenager I’d idolized the P-38 Lightning, called by our World War II adversaries the “Forked Tail Devil.” And I’d followed the exploits of Lockheed’s F-80 Shooting Star, America’s first production jet fighter that had flexed its wings in Korea, my war, tangling with Russian-built IL-10s and MIGs. Now here I was, finding myself working with the legendary Marietta company whose new airlifters were setting a whole bunch of new records around the world . Thus when Lockheed’s effervescent, gung-ho photographer Turner – known as TH - Hiers took me down Third Street on my first tour of Lockheed’s 76-acre B-1 Building, the largest aircraft facility under one roof at that time, I was awestruck. The building’s production floor was jam packed with airplanes in various stages of assembly! The right hand east side of B-1 from Third Street on down to the huge hangar doors on the east end past Tunnel 5 (underneath) was filled with an impressive assembly line of C-130 Hercules transports. The propjet was already setting records in the Vietnam conflict, and the U.S. Air Force was asking for more. One of the early slogans of USAF Herk pilots was, “You call, we haul.” Besides the Herky Birds, I spotted a second assembly line running parallel beyond the C-130, this for the four-engine Lockheed JetStar executive jet that was being purchased by corporations across the country and by individuals like Howard Hughes. Later on, our demonstrator JetStar would take on the tail number 007 in order to play a starring role in the movie “Goldfinger.” TH then pointed out to me the THIRD assembly line on the opposite end of B-1, a lineup of shiny TTail fanjet-powered Lockheed C-141 Starlifters. I learned that the 141 cargo and troop carrier was becoming the logistics lifeline for our forces in Vietnam. As we walked back to our office in B-2, all I could say to TH was, “UN-believable.” * * * The icing on the cake for me, as an introduction to the great 10,000-employee Lockheed-Georgia operation at the time, came some weeks later when my boss, Public Relations Director Lee Rogers, called me to his office and told me that he wanted TH and myself to go to Charleston, S.C. to cover the delivery of the first C-141 being delivered to Charleston Air Force Base. “You’ll fly down with Dan Haughton in his corporate JetStar,” Lee told us. Holy Moley! My first thought was: “Lord have mercy, Boss; You gotta be kidding!” I’d already heard a lot about Dan Haughton. Employees at the Marietta plant were great admirers of the folksy University of Alabama grad from earlier years when he served as the Marietta plant’s second manager in 1952, following Marietta’s Jimmie Carmichael. They called him “Uncle Dan,” as he “tromped the orchard,” talking to employees along the way, hundreds of whom he knew on a first-name basis. TH recalled the day he was walking ,camera in hand, across B-1 to an assignment when Haughton strode up from behind and said, “Hey Turner, it’s a lot of fun building airplanes, isn’t it.” So here in 1965, as CEO of the Lockheed Corporation in Burbank, Uncle Dan greeted us with a friendly smile as we climbed into his JetStar on the B-4 ramp. I was amazed at his friendliness and he put us to ease quickly. On the way back TH and I got to ride one of the new C-141s coming back to Marietta. After experiencing a heavy landing at Dobbins, I turned to Chuck Littlejohn who worked in marketing and asked, “Was that a normal landing?” Chuck grinned and said, “No.” BYJOE DABNEY  PHOTOGRAPHY BY MIA MCCORKLE

Eagle Vending Company,Inc. CONSUMERS’ CHOICE WINNER Established - 1983

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Eagle Vending Company, Inc. 1001 Marble Mill Circle Marietta, GA 30060

(770) 426-1969

Dabney’s home office is filled with memorbilia from his days at Lockheed-Martin, includiing this poster above.

* * * During the following 24 years as an active employee, with a bird’s eye view of Lockheed’s Marietta plant and its great cadre of talented employees, I grew to love and admire the operation all the way from the production workers on the B-1 first floor, to the engineers and computer whizzes who were spread out across acres of space in the B-1 Basement and Mezzanine (Later, many C-5 engineers would occupy the new B-95 Building). And I found the flight line across the Dobbins runway buzzing with activity. Thank goodness there were acres and acres of concrete near the B-24-25 hangar providing plenty of room for our JetStars, Herks and Starlifters sitting proudly on the south end of Dobbins’ north-south dead runway, awaiting final flight test and delivery. Almost from the first day at work that spring I learned that hundreds of company design engineers such as Gibby Gibson and Bob Ormsby, later to become the company president, were hard at work in an intensive effort to win the USAF competition to build the massive C-5 Heavy Logistics Transport. In September of that year, the word came that “Gelac” (our corporate lingo designation), had won the C-5 contract! It would be a monster of an airplane, one that would have a cargo hold that could accommodate two 61ton Abrams main battle tanks then

under development (or six Greyhound buses) and boasting a topside that would accommodate 100 troops behind the wing box and a commodious flight station for 24 crewmen up front! Plus a visor nose allowing tanks and trucks to enter one end of the cargo area and drive off the other! We were given less than three years to get the first C-5A built. The employees in Master Scheduling such as Joe Williams and his team had their jobs cut out for them as they laid out the thousands and thousands of events that had to be accomplished on time, including components from hundreds of contractors and sub contractors around the country. Not only did the plane roll out on schedule in the spring of 1968, TH captured a stunning rollout photo with a headline in the Star that shouted: We’re Very, Very Proud in this Nation of Lockheed And the Men Who Built This Job on Time - President Lyndon B. Johnson Key employees began working night and day to get that gigantic bird into the the air on time. Almost overnight, it seemed, Gelac employment rocketed to more than 30,000 workers, including feeder plants. World history was written at 7:30 a.m. on Sunday morning, June 30, 1968, when Lockheed flight engineer-

ing crewmen headed by Leo Sullivan and Walt Hensley took the first C-5 — a product of the creativity, teamwork and craftsmanship of thousands of employees and suppliers — into a beautiful takeoff as it climbed over U.S. Highway 41. After an hour and a half flight at 10,000 feet between Marietta and Toccoa, Leo and crew brought the bird down for a graceful landing on its 28wheel landing gear. Company president Tom May hugged Leo Sullivan in a bear hug as he came out of the plane and called called the landing “a real grease job.” Everyone viewing from the edge of the runway, including myself, whooped and hollered and Robert A. Charles, Assistant Secretary of the Air Force, declared it to be, “A great day for the country, and on schedule!” After witnessing that takeoff and landing, I thought I would never live to enjoy a more exciting “Lockheed experience.” But it came on July 17, 1969, when I was assigned to accompany Engineering Flight Test Group Engineer Alan Youngs and test pilot Carl Hughes and crew on a test flight of the 0003 structural C-5 test bird. It was mostly over Rome, Georgia, and environs at 10,000 feet and was part of an ongoing series of flight tests that would eventually subject the C-5 to its design limits. “Come on up here on the Flight Station,” Alan yelled out in his British accent. “You can stay up here for the entire flight.” He gave me a radio head set and plugged it into the ship’s communication network. It including aerodynamicists and flight engineers.They also had a telemetry connection into computers in the L-10 Building, the new flight line C-5 hangar. “We’ve got some work to do,” Hughes told me as we got airborne and leveled off. The Georgia Tech engineering grad and British-educated Alan Young pulled out a a flight program including “pulling G’s to test the plane’s structural strength. Co-pilot Barrett Handley told me to “get strapped in.” So for the following 45 minutes or so, Carl put the plane into a regime of “pulling G’s.” Holding the stick with great coolness, he put the big bird through a series of strong G strains including unusual “angles of attack,” steep climbs, and sharp banks. “Slats out,” Carl barked. Barrett pulled a lever. As we plowed upward the sun’s rays streamed into the window momentarily. We climbed past a cumulous cloud formation. The G forces increased.

force have a promising future ahead as they take on a major role in the production of the F-35 joint tactical fighter among other projects. God speed, you guys, and God bless. Keep your planes flying high. * * * Lockheed retiree Joe Dabney is the author

of five nonfiction books, including HERK, the definitive history of the C-130 that was first published in 1979, and has been updated in two additional editions, including the third one in 2003 that features four chapters devoted to the C-130J. He served as a draftee soldier in Korea and Japan during the Korean war 1951-52. Joe and his wife Susanne reside in the Dunwoody area.


LOCKHEED MARTIN on your 60TH anniversary in Marietta! My feet seemed plastered to the deck like chunks of lead. “Keep your eyes on the wing,” Carl told his co-pilot. “The slats are moving,” Barrett said. “They’re out!” he shouted triumphantly. Carl leveled off. “Records off,” Young told telemetry. We are up around 13,000 feet. After a number of other tests, Carl pointed the big bird toward home at 8:30 p.m. There was one more test, he told me: A slow speed landing. The plane was down to 460,000 pounds and we were coming in over Marietta at a very slow speed of 113 knots, 120 per cent over the stall speed — right on the landing guarantee. “Sure is taking us a long time to get home this way,” Carl said. Shortly I heard the landing gear rumbling into action as the five bogeys unfolded beneath us.Then I saw the red lights at the west end of the runway and heard the smack down of the 24-wheel main landing gear followed by the 4wheel nose gear. * * * In subsequent years with Lockheed , I was fortunate enough to witness many airlift triumphs of the company’s aircraft — mainly C-130s — over Latin America, Alaska, Canada’s Northwest Territories and elsewhere. While the C-130 is now flying in more than 70 countries, sometimes it takes quite a while to sign up a new customer country. Before retiring from Lockheed in late 1989, I was lucky to accompany a Lockheed sales team that took our house Herk on a sales mission to India, including a demo flight for officers of the Indian Air Force over the Himalayas and a paratroop drop demonstration at Agra. That laid the early ground work. I was happy to read in the papers recently that the Indian Government had placed a major order for the stretched C-130J super stretch Hercules. Of course since my retirement, the current Lockheed-Martin Aeronautics Company has notched up some amazing accomplishments including the assembly of the F-22 Raptor, one of the U.S. Air Force’s key fighter aircraft of the future. Today Lockheed Martin Aeronautics and its talented work

Thank you for your commitment to our community and for your ongoing support of Marietta City Schools. We are proud Marietta 6 Grade Academy Lockheed Martin Classroom to count Lockheed Martin among our Partners in Education. Together we are making a difference. th

Lockheed Martin LM S.M.A.R.T Program Lockheed Elementary School Students and Lockheed Martin Employee Volunteers Marietta Daily Journal





By the


on the Hercules

Thanks to Jeff Rhodes, plant historian, for providing the following information

312,312 Length, in feet, if every Hercules ever built were placed wingtip-to-wingtip. This equates to approximately 59.2 miles, or about 93 percent of the 63.98-mile length of I-285, the perimeter interstate highway around Atlanta. 235,588 Approximate length, in feet, if every Hercules ever built were placed nose-to-tail. This equates to approximately 44.6 miles, or about 70 percent of the 63.98-mile length of I-285, the perimeter interstate highway around Atlanta. 15,000 Weight, in pounds, of the BLU-82 free-fall bomb. Known as


"Daisy Cutters," the BLU-82 was the largest conventional weapon in the US inventory for nearly 30 years.

2,366 Number of Hercules aircraft delivered from the Marietta facility since production began in 1954.

2,000 Weight, in pounds, of each ski attached to the landing gear of the LC 130H Ski-Herk. The skis are coated with Teflon so they don't stick to the ice after landings. The 109th Airlift Wing, the Air National Guard unit at Scotia, NY, is the only unit the world to fly Ski-Herks.

1,205 Number of C-130Hs, the most produced version of the Hercules so far, that were built. The C-130H came off the assembly between 1964 and 1997.

452 Number of people crammed into a Hercules on April 30, 1975, the last flight out of Saigon before that city fell to North Vietnamese forces. A Hercules is designed to carry 90 paratroopers. 212 Number of C-130Js built as of the end of 2010. A total of 36 aircraft are scheduled for delivery in 2011. If all are delivered on schedule, production of the C-130J will then exceed total production of both the C130B (230 aircraft built) and the C-130A (231 aircraft built).

100 Number of C 130s legendary Lockheed designer Clarence L. "Kelly" Johnson (father of the P 80, U 2, SR 71 and many other aircraft) thought would be sold. "Kelly" was quoted as saying at the time the original pro-

posal was submitted to the Air Force in 1953 that, "The Hercules is a good design, but there is no market for it."

90 Hostages rescued by Israeli Defense Forces from Entebbe Airport, Uganda, in a daring 1976 raid carried out using four C-130s.

80 Theatrical movies and scripted television shows – at least the ones that we are aware of – that a Hercules has either starred or been a supporting player in.

72 Number of countries currently flying the Hercules 70 Number of Hercules variants


Whether it’s Raptors or roads or taxes or take-out, Lockheed’s economic impact adds up BY ALLEN BELL

$1.2 billion $791 million direct economic impact

estimated direct and indirect economic impact

$1.7 billion donated to charity by plant and employees Data provided by Lockheed Martin


AUSTELL the friendly city, is growing with Cobb.

Joseph L. Jerkins, Mayor Council Members: Kirsten Anderson, Trudie Causey, Randy Green, Virginia Reagan, Martin Standard, Scott Thomas • 770-944-4300 1716 Broad Street, Austell, Georgia 30106

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Marietta Daily Journal


Graphic by Allen Bell

hen an employee earns a salary or wage, the average worker returns most of those dollars to the economy through spending on housing, utilities, insurance, groceries, retail purchases, and leisure activities such as sports and the arts. Those dollars are then circulated again through the economy as employees of those firms spend the money they have earned. Taking all of this economic activity into account is how economists arrive at economic impact, which is enormous for companies like Lockheed Martin Aeronautics Company in Marietta, estimated at more than one billion dollars annually. One of the largest manufacturing employers in all of Georgia and the U.S. government’s largest defense contractor, Lockheed Martin is also the largest manufacturing employer in Cobb County. “It’s obvious that Lockheed is a major economic force in Cobb County,” offered Dr. Don Sabbarese, Professor and Director of the Econometric Center at Kennesaw State University. “They comprise about 35 percent of manufacturing jobs in Cobb County and we know that manufacturing pays a higher wage and salary than other sectors. Just looking at 2009 numbers, $583 million in payroll is a huge amount of money.” Of the 7,091 people employed at the Lockheed plant in Marietta, 41 percent, or roughly 2,900 of those employees live in Cobb County.

Roughly 81 percent of Lockheed employees live in the 20 metro Atlanta counties, while the balance of the employees come from another 28 counties in the region. “Economists, we talk about multiplier effects, in terms of overall dollars how that impacts the economy,” said Sabbarese. “If you’re looking at payroll, what do employees do with their money? With the average household, it’s going to impact all kinds of businesses, groceries, people buying cars, it would be across the board.” In addition to the economic impact of payroll, Lockheed contracted with 331 suppliers in Georgia, representing every Congressional district in the state and totaling $208 million in commitments for 2009. “They’re also paying money to suppliers, and most of the money they pay is for employees, so it would have the same kind of effect,” Sabbarese explained. “And the suppliers buy additional supplies and materials from other suppliers.” Measuring the total economic impact of a company is difficult, especially when taking into account both direct and indirect contributions to an area’s economy. Economists frequently rely on calculated multipliers to assist with measuring the total effect of major economic engines like the Lockheed plant in Marietta. “It probably has a multiplier of 1.5,” Sabbarese estimated. “So for every dollar that is paid out, it has a multiplier effect. Without a doubt, this is probably one of the most important companies in Cobb County. In terms of private sector, this has to Dr. Don Sabbarese, be one of the most imProfessor and Director of portant employers in the Econometric Center at Cobb County, and one Kennesaw State University of the most important in all of Atlanta.” Combining lockheed payroll and supplier contracts provides an estimate of $791 million in direct economic ipact in Georgia. If a multiplier of 1.5 is used, then the total estimated direct and indirect impact of the Marietta plant on the state of Georgia is around $1.2 billion annually. Additionally, Lockheed and its employees are a major contributor to federal and state taxes, including $82.9 million in federal income taxes and $28.8 million in state income taxes in 2009. And one aspect that many economists neglect is the contribution that corporations make to charitable organizations. In all, Lockheed and its employees donated a total of $1.7 million to charities, while Lockheed employees logged more than 56,000 volunteer hours in 2010, according to representative from Lockheed. “It impacts all sectors of the economy when you have an employer that large,” Sabbarese stated. While many were nervous over the potential consequences of phasing out F-22 production, Lockheed has redoubled its commitment to the Marietta plant by adding a major portion of its F-35 production to the local operations. “It seems like they’ve made a decent transition from

building the F-22 to building the F-35,” observed Sabbarese. Operating in Marietta since 1951, Lockheed reached an historic peak of 32,945 employees in 1969. While the roughly 7,000 current employees is significantly lower than that number, Lockheed remains one of the most important businesses in Cobb County, metro Atlanta, and all of Georgia. Lockheed has been a major contributor to the local and state economy for the last 60 years. Those economies will continue to thrive if Lockheed is around for 60 more.

The economic impact crosses all lines and helps bring in a variety of cultural and art opportunities and centers, such as the Cobb Energy Performing Arts Centre.

Marietta Daily Journal





Tremendous. Fantastic. These are just a few of the words some of Cobb’s dignitaries use to describe the plant. Here are a few more. COMPILED BY KEVIN HAZZARD AND DONNA ESPY

Sam Olens Ga. Attorney General former Cobb Commission Chairman

Isakson at a press conference on the tarmac.

U.S. Sen. Johnny Isakson U.S. Sen. Johnny Isakson, R-Georgia entered politics in 1974 and served 17 years in the Georgia Legislature and three years as Chairman of the Georgia Board of Education. In 1999, Isakson was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives for the first of three terms before being elected to the U.S. Senate in 2004. He was re-elected to the Senate in 2010. “Locally, Lockheed has had a tremendous impact on Cobb County and the State of Georgia,” says Isakson. “In my 22 years in real estate (as President of Northside Realty), I saw Lock-

heed add to the economy of Cobb County and was one of the cornerstones of growth in the area.” But Lockheed’s impact goes far beyond county boundaries, he adds. “In the state of Georgia, it is one of two defense contractors that are very important to our state – Lockheed in Marietta and Boeing in Warner Robins,” says Isakson. “For our nation, the C-5 is the premiere cargo plane and is a phenomenal piece of equipment. The F-22 is the most powerful fighting machine in the history of aviation. Economically, these aircraft have been fantastic and put Cobb County on the map.”

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Marietta Daily Journal

Sam Olens has seen the impact of Cobb from the local and the state level as an elected official. "Lockheed-Martin has been invaluable in the social and economic growth of Cobb County. Our relationship with Lockheed-Martin's leadership is as strong now as ever, and the county recognizes the fantastic benefits of our partnership."

SALUTING 60 George W. “Buddy” Darden former congressman Senior Counsel at McKenna Long & Aldridge law firm in Atlanta Prior to joining a national law firm, Darden represented Georgia's Seventh Congressional District in the United States House of Representatives for six terms. During his tenure in Congress from 1983-1995, he served on the Armed Services Committee, the Interior and Insular Affairs Committee and the House Appropriations Committee. Many Cobb political observers have dubbed him a real wheelhouse congressman who worked tirelessly to bring home funding for the Lockheed plant. “There is no way to estimate the enormous economic impact Lockheed has brought to us, but, even more than that, are the contributions to Marietta and Cobb County of the people who have come here to work and have served in our community,” says Darden. “I believe the greatest value has been their leadership and their support in all areas of our community – government, churches, and civic endeavors. He recalls one Lockheed employee and longtime friend, Bill Strother, now 96, who invested himself in his community. He served on the Cobb school board, volunteered at Kennestone Hospital, and served his church, says Darden. Strother also was instrumental in bringing Kennesaw State University to Cobb in the 1960s. “You could repeat that story over and over again with so many Lockheed employees who have made a difference.” Darden says the contributions over 60 years are memorable, but there are more to come. “We talk about growing new businesses these days, but Lockheed has always been a mainstay in our community. It has been there in the past and will continue to be there.”

MDJ file photo

Darden, preparing for an interview during his time in Congress, was known as a real’ wheelhorse’ for securing funding for the South Cobb Drive plant.

Dr. Lisa Rossbacher, president of Southern Polytechnic State University "Lockheed Martin is the largest employer of Southern Polytechnic State University graduates, with more than 300 of them listing themselves as employees, and our relationship has been an extraordinary partnership. Lockheed has supported our academic programs, our expanded focus on engineering and integrating disciplines, and our unique mission of applying knowledge to solve real-world problems. In addition, Lee Rhyant has personally supported SPSU — and me — in a variety of initiatives. All of us at SPSU — faculty, staff, students, and alumni — congratulate Lockheed-Martin on 60 years in Cobb County — and we look forward to 60 more!"

SALUTING 60 U.S. Sen. Saxby Chambliss, R- Ga. U.S. Sen. Saxby Chambliss, R-Ga. is a member of the Senate Armed Services Committee and has been a strong voice for Georgia's defense industry and the military community. “Lockheed’s contribution to the national security of the United States has been immeasurable over the past 60 years,” says Chambliss. “I am grateful for the role it continues to play in our nation’s defense, and for the opportunities the company has brought to local communities. It has been an excellent corporate citizen, not only in Georgia, but throughout the United States. I wish Lockheed the best as it celebrates this anniversary, and hope for many more years of success to come.”

U.S. Rep. David Scott, D- Ga. “As a Congressman, I understand Lockheed Martin’s role in the future of American security. One of my first jobs out of business school was at Lockheed Martin. This was in the early 1970s when things in Cobb County were just a little quieter than they are today. I recently toured the facility in Marietta and was impressed by the operations and employees. As the company grows and upgrades, it will continue to have a positive impact on Cobb County.”

U.S. Rep. Tom Price, R-Ga. "For over half a century, Lockheed Martin has been an invaluable corporate citizen in our community. Best known for its contribution to national defense, to the families of Cobb County, Lockheed represents jobs and economic vitality. And it’s a partnership that will continue to serve a stronger more secure America for decades to come."

Roy Barnes, former governor, state legislator “My Daddy once said Cobb County has not been the same since the ‘bummer plant’ came. How true. Bell Bomber and then Lockheed made us the prosperous county we are today. All of us who enjoy the bounty of modern Cobb County owe it to Lockheed.”

Bob Barr, attorney, former U.S. Rep., Presidential candidate Bob Barr represented the 7th District of Georgia in the U. S. House of Representatives from 1995 to 2003, and was the 2008 Libertarian Party nominee for President of the United States. He also runs a consulting firm, Liberty Strategies, Inc., headquartered in Atlanta. "The positive impact on the greater Cobb County area of Lockheed Martin's lengthy presence in the community is immeasurable, and goes far beyond employment and dollars invested,” says Barr. “Lockheed Martin always has set the gold standard for a company being a true 'good corporate citizen' in every sense of the term."


U.S. Rep. Phil Gingrey, R-Ga. “Lockheed Martin’s contributions to the Cobb Community — and our nation — cannot be overstated. From the refurbishing of the B-29s for the Korean War starting in 1951 to the F-22 today, Marietta’s Lockheed-Martin facility has produced some of the most significant aircraft in aviation history. With its pioneering spirit and innovative technologies, Lockheed has brought tens of thousands of jobs to our community while providing so many platforms critical to our nation’s security. Lockheed truly is an example of a responsible — and reliable — corporate steward and I look forward to their ingenuity being a fixture of our community for generations to come.”


The C-130 ‘Griffin’? BY JEFF RHODES


ercules, Herk (or Herc, depending), Battle Herk, Herky-Bird, and Super Hercules – all are nicknames for the C-130, the world’s most versatile transport. However, the aircraft’s popular name was almost ‘Griffin.’ In 1953, Lockheed Aircraft Corporation management decided the C-130 production line would be established in its Marietta, Georgia, facility. To build enthusiasm among the Georgia workforce for the new assembly line –that is now the longest continuous, active military aircraft line in history – company management decided to hold a Name-the-Plane contest. The contest was announced via the Southern Star, the company’s weekly newspaper, on May 13, 1954. First prize for coming up with C-130’s chosen nickname was a $1,000 US Savings Bond or a five-day, all-expenses paid vacation to California with the winner being flown to Los Angeles on a Lockheed Constellation airliner. Second prize was a $500 bond; third prize was a $100 bond. Other prizes would be would be given to employees for the next forty-seven best sugges-

tions. The Reuben H. Donnelly Corporation, a Los Angeles-based game and giveaway clearinghouse, was chosen to run the contest and select the winners. Entry blanks were distributed in the Marietta factory on July 6 and the contest ran from July 12 to 24. Employees were allowed to submit two entries only. A total of 9,483 entries were submitted. The entries were placed in a large wooden crate sent via airfreight to California. The winners were announced on Nov. 11 – however, two first prize winners were announced. The winning name chosen by the Donnelly Corporation – Griffin – was submitted by A. A. Pommer, who said the name “means having the head and wings of an eagle and the body of a lion; a fabulous creation, a newcomer to the Lockheed family.” R. M. Sparks won the $500 bond, and G. L. Gravely was awarded the $100 bond. Additionally, four employees were awarded $50 bonds, five were given $25 bonds; twelve employees were given C-130 desk models (which are now probably worth a small for-

tune if one could be found on online auction sites); a dozen more received Zippo lighters; and a group of fourteen employees were given Scripto pens. Unfortunately, the names suggested by those employees have been lost to history. However, Lockheed corporate management, while reviewing the contest submissions, decided another nickname more aptly described the C-130 and its designated duties for the Air Force. Griffin was out; Hercules was in. Hercules soon became a registered trademark of Lockheed Aircraft Corporation. Hercules is also the name of a constellation in the northern hemisphere, which also meant the name fit into the company’s long tradition of naming aircraft after heavenly bodies.

Today everyone is working longer and harder. So whether you’re taking What you need is a REALTOR®, someone who’s a member of the care of a classroom, customers or a home, the last thing you need is National Association of REALTORS® and your state and local Association of REALTORS®. A professional who makes it easier to get another full-time job. on with the life you’ve worked so hard to enjoy. That’s why, when it’s time to buy a home, it’s time to turn to a profesLockheed-Martin we are so proud of all of you. sional, someone with expertise and time to get the job done right.

COBB ASSOCIATION OF REALTORS® 444 Manget Street, Suite 100 Marietta, Georgia 30060 The Voice of Real Estate in Cobb County Georgia • 770-422-3900 • Marietta Daily Journal



True or False?

Quiz Show

So, you’ve read our section, you’ve got all your local knowledge from friends and family. Now it is time to take the test. We’ve made it easy. No essay. No three-part multiple questions. Just a simple true or false. Give it a shot. You can check your answers below. (Information supplied by Lockheed-Martin)

1. Lockheed built 668 B-29 Superfortress bombers in this plant during World War II. 2. The original name of Dobbins Air Reserve Base was Rickenbacker Field. 3. It took two years to build the Marietta plant. 4. At peak production, Bell Aircraft delivered 45 B-29 bombers in one month. 5.T he B-29s that dropped the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki and effectively ended World War II were built in Marietta. 6. Not counting World War II, the yearly record for deliveries of Marietta-built aircraft is 192. 7. The record for C-130 deliveries in one year is 140. 8. In 1942, it cost $52 million to build the entire plant. In 1998, it cost $20 million just to replace the air conditioning system in B-1. 9. Peak employment at the Marietta plant was 28,000 people. 10. This plant has always produced only aircraft. 11.The first aircraft to be built by Lockheed in Marietta was the B-47 Stratojet jet bomber. 12.The biggest increase to the plant's size came between Let’s see how well you did. Answers 1. False -- Bell Aircraft built B-29s here during the war. 2. True -- Although it wasn't called that for very long. 3. False --- The plant was completed in 13 months. Ground was broken in March, 1942 and the plant was completed in April, 1943. 4. False -- In June 1945, Bell delivered 65 aircraft - more than two a day! 5. False -- The aircraft that were laster christened `Enola Gay' and `Bockscar' were handpicked by 509th Bomb Group crews at the Martin factory in Omaha, Neb., that also produced B-29s under license. 6. True --- In 1966, 107 C-141s, 67 C-130s and L-100s, and 22 JetStars were delivered. 7. True -- 1957 was a busy year.

1952 and 1956 when 43 buildings, including B-27/B-28 and B24/B-25, were built. 13.There are more than 23,000 parking spaces around the plant. 14.Two of the biggest customers of the LM Aero Low-Speed Wind Tunnel are General Motors and Peterbilt Trucks. 15.Even in this age of advanced composites, aluminum blends and titanium castings, the cockpit floor of the C-130 is made of wood. 16.The active runway at Dobbins is 12,500 feet long. 17. At one time, there were more than 38 miles of fluorescent lights in the B-1 building. 18. The large robot that will be painting F-22s in the L-64 building is known as `Bullwinkle.' 19. At one time, the L-10 building was the world's largest freespan cantilever building (meaning that it had no internal roof supports). 20. Marietta is the third home for the P-3 assembly line.

8. True -- How's that for an illustration of price inflation over the years? 9. False -- More than 33,000 people worked here during the heigh of C-5 production in the mid-1960s. 28,000 people worked here during World War II. 10. False -- During the six years between the end of World War II and when Lockheed reactivated the plant in 1951, prefabricated houses were built in B-1. 11. True -- The company built 394 of these medium bombers between 1953-57. The company also modified several hundred aircraft. 12. True -- During that period, almost 1.5 million square feet of floor space --- a nearly 25% increase -- was added to the plant's original 4.5 million square feet. 13. False -- There are `only' about 17,000 spaces.

14. False -- Much of the wind tunnel's business comes from Ford and Nascar. 15. True -- The floor and other cockpit equipment like the enhanced crew station in the C-130J are made of oak. 16. False -- The main runway is 10,000 feet long. 17. True -- Facilities crews nearly had a full-time job replacing the burned-out tubes. 18. False -- But it does share a nickname with another cartoon character. The Computer-Aided Spray Paint Expelling Robot goes by its acronym -- CASPER. 19. True -- Four C-5s can be put in L-10 and the doors can be shut. However, there is at least one building out there in the world with the same kind of roof that is bigger. 20. True -- The line originated in Burbank, was moved to Palmdale, and was moved to Georgia in 1990.

Together, We Soar!

No one flies alone! Success doesn’t happen without the support of We remain committed to the standard of excellence that has made others. Before the first pilot guided the B-29 Bomber into the sky, us the county’s most cherished source of news and information. We thousands of workers spent countless hours planning, designing, deliver the stories you want and the information you need on events that building, testing and making the dream a reality. Great partners create shape our daily lives. amazing results. Congratulations to Lockheed Martin and the people of Cobb And that’s what makes Cobb County’s relationship with Lockheed County for 60 years of working together in a quality partnership that Martin Aeronautics Company special. For over 60 years, the people of enables us all to soar! north Georgia and Lockheed Martin have been working to create something wonderful – an outstanding, internationally recognized company in a vibrant, growing community with the vision to meet the challenges of a rapidly changing high-tech world. Through it all, the Marietta Daily Journal has been telling the story. In fact, for more than a century, we’ve been sharing the stories of people and happenings that have had an impact on Marietta, Cobb County and beyond.

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Lockheed 60 Years  
Lockheed 60 Years  

Lockheed 60 Years