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A rabic V erb Forms and T heir Patterns Form

V erb Pattern FaMaLa FaMiLa FaMuLa

Pattern Summa ry

II

FaMMaLa

Double middle radical

III

FaaMaLa

Long vowel after the first radical

IV

’aFMaLa

Prefix ’a- in perfect tense

V

taFaMMaLa

Prefix ta- and double middle radical

VI

taFaaMaL

Prefix ta- and long vowel after first radical

VII

’inFaMaLa

Prefix -n-

VIII

’iFtaMaLa

Infix -t- after first radical

IX

’iFMaLL

Doubled last radical

X

’istaFMaLa

Prefix -st-

I

Memorize

Most words in Arabic are often derived from a three letter root consonant. Here we examine all the possible forms a verb can take in the Arabic language. The chart above lists the 10 most common forms you will encounter. It is important to note that not all verbs will have all the 10 forms listed above. The “F” indicated the first radical of the root verb. The “M” indicates the middle radical of the root and the “L” indicated the last radical of the tri-literal root verb. Each form represents a different meaning of a verb. The chart listed below gives some trends in the meanings of each form of a verb. Examples have been provided for illustration purposes.


A rabic V erb Forms and T heir M eanings Form I

E xample ‫( ﻗﺘﻞ‬qatala): to kill ‫( ﻛﺘﺐ‬kataba): to write ‫( ﺳﻠﻢ‬salima): to be safe

M eaning of V erb Memorize

II

‫( ﻗﺖّﻝ‬qattala): to massacre ‫( ﻛﺖّﺏ‬kattaba): to cause to write ‫( ﺱﻝّﻡ‬sallama): to make safe

intensive, causative, declarative, or denominative of Form I

III

‫( ﻗﺎﺗﻞ‬qātala): to try to kill ‫( ﻛﺎﺗﺐ‬kātaba): to correspond with ‫( ﺳﺎﻟﻢ‬sālama): to make peace with

indirect object of Form I is the direct object of Form III; conative and always transitive

IV

‫( ﺍﻛﺘﺐ‬aktaba): to dictate ‫( ﺍﺧﻠﻒ‬axlafa): to leave / compensate ‫( ﺍﺳﻠﻢ‬aslama): to submit

Causative

V

‫( ﺗﻔﺮّﻕ‬tafarraqa): to scatter ‫( ﺗﺨﻞّﻑ‬taxallafa): to hold back from ‫( ﺗﺴﻞّﻡ‬tasallama): to receive the surrender

reflexive or passive of Form II

VI

‫( ﺗﻘﺎﺗﻞ‬taqaatala): to fight with one another ‫( ﺗﻚﺍﺗﺐ‬takaataba): to write to each other ‫( ﺗﺴﺎﻟﻢ‬tasaalama): to make peace together ‫( ﺗﻨﺎﻋﺲ‬tanaa‘asa): to pretend to sleep

reciprocal or one of pretence

VII

‫( ﺍﻧﻜﺘﺐ‬inkataba): to subscribe ‫( ﺍﻧﻜﺴﺮ‬inkasara): to be broken

reflexive or passive

VIII

‫( ﺍﻗﺘﺘﻞ‬iqtatala): to fight with one another ‫( ﺍﻛﺘﺘﺐ‬iktataba): to write to each other ‫( ﺍﺳﺘﻠﻢ‬istalama): to kiss the Black Stone

reflexive or sometimes passive

IX

ّ‫( ﺍﺣﻤﺮ‬iHmarra): to turn red, to blush ّ‫( ﺍﺻﻔﺮ‬iSfarra): to turn yellow, to pale ّ‫( ﺍﺑﻴﺾ‬ibyaDDa): to turn white ّ‫( ﺍﺯﺭﻕ‬izraqqa): to turn blue

denote color or bodily defect

X

‫( ﺍﺳﺘﻘﺘﻞ‬istaqtala): to risk one’s life ‫( ﺍﺳﺘﻜﺘﺐ‬istaktaba): to ask someone to write ‫( ﺍﺳﺘﺴﻠﻢ‬istaslama): to submit, to keep to the middle of the road

ask or think that the sense of Form I should be done

Basic Arabic Berlitz  

IX ’iFMaLL Doubled last radical IV ’aFMaLa Prefix ’a- in perfect tense III FaaMaLa Long vowel after the first radical V taFaMMaLa Prefix ta-...

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