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Reinventing the Roundhouse An Investigation into the Circular Typology Matthew Dellehunt Rensselaer School of Architecture Bradley Horn Masters of Architecture Spring 2018


ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS I would like to thank all of my professors who helped me discover my own style and method of design while instilling classical and innovative methods of making and thinking into their teaching. I would like to especially thank my Final Project Professor, Bradley Horn for challenging me to explore every possibility and outcome throughout both the research and design phases of my project, I couldn’t have asked for a better critique and mentor! Lastly, I would like to thank my parents for always being there to support my work, whether they understood it or not. I couldn’t have done any of this without you guys! Thank you, Matthew Dellehunt

I


PROJECT STATEMENT The circular typology has been around since the beginning of civilization. Whether it’s used as a Ceremonial program, Communal housing program, Utopian urban plan, or Oppressive program, the circle has always been utilized as pure geometric organizer that has the ability to establish very clear levels of hierarchy and levels of equality. This final project seeks to analyze the circular typology throughout time, in attempts to understand how the same organizational operations are used with drastically different intentions and consequently different emotional and ineffable outcomes. From this research, a design competition is proposed to reimagine and recontextualize the last Panopticon building in the US. The Stateville Corrections facility is home to the last ‘roundhouse’ prison structure built according to the Panopticon design still standing in the United States and one of the last in the world. This historical structure is now abandoned within the walls of an active maximum security prison. The design for this project seeks to break the barrier of this maximum security prison, to give the public access to this structure, while still maintaining security for the ‘community residents’ living and working within the prison. Once the barrier is broken, the question of how to repurpose this surveillance geometry is addressed. How can we reimagine this highly oppressive and feared building as something that is liberating and constructive to both the internal community and the outside public? By deeply rooting the intervention in the earlier research on the circular typology, the power structure of the Panopticon is broken and flipped so that the circumference of the space is constantly being redefined as edge or center, periphery or focus, forcing the occupants to become watcher or watched of the building itself at different points along the program. These circular motifs blur the existing emotional turbulence while simultaneously opening up the space for new and innovative programmatic moves that generate an entirely new circular typology.

II


TABLE OF CONTENTS ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

I

PROJECT STATEMENT

II

PRECEDENT ATLAS

01

ORGANIZATIONAL FRAMEWORK

36

SELECTED WORKS

38

SITE RESEARCH

46

CIRCLE MONSTERS - PASS 1

50

CIRCLE MONSTERS - PASS 2

52

CIRCLE MONSTERS - PASS 3

60

RESEARCH BOARD LAYOUT

68

PROJECT DESCRIPTION / DESIGN BRIEF

70

EARLY GEOMETRY STUDIES

72

MIDTERM DESIGN SCHEME

80

REEVALUATED GEOMETRY

104

FINAL DESIGN PROPOSAL

116

BIBLIOGRAPHY

140


PROJECT ATLAS

Design for Women’s Prison Sir John Soane 1782

The Concentric Stone Circle / Roll Right Architect Unknown 3500 - 3000 B.C.E

Rigel Monolithic Dome Institute 1996 - 2016

Plan of Zincirli / Burial ground Architect Unknown 2000 - 1500 B.C.E

01


PROJECT ATLAS

Drawing for a circular house John Thrope 1570 - 1618

Atlas Monolithic Dome Institute 1996 - 2016

Plan of an Etruscan Tumulus Architect unknown 900 - 300 B.C.E

House inverted Bertrand Zobrist 1933 Unbuilt

02


PROJECT ATLAS esuoH nogatcO sdrahciR nhoJ 4581

ytiCBreeding nogatcO Star Sheep bbulC yrneH Brian Magee / Doug Hogue )tliubnU( sasnaK - 6581 1991

siloporteM - tfirD namuH ehT

The Human ettelliG pDrift maC gn-iKMetropolis 4981 King Camp Gillette 1894

ytiC nogatcO

bbulC yrneH )tliubnU( sasnaK - 6581

silopoGSOM rteM neeSPbSU rG ehT - ytiC nedraG

drawoH rezenebE Local Architect Unknown 8981 1993

siloporteM - tfirD namuH ehT

Early Plan ettefor lliG pGov. maC gnHouse iK 4981 Le Corbusier 1952

03


PROJECT ATLAS

Louvre Abu Dhabi Dome Jean Nouvel 2017

The Manchester Central Library E. Vincent Harris 1930 - 1934

The Round city of Al-Mansur Architect Unknown 766 A.D.

Temple Decadaire J.N.L Durand 1820

04


2 Campus Plan PROJECTAppleATLAS Foster and Partners 2011 2011 Foster and Partners

Apple 2 Campus Plan

Every Day is Like Sunday Every Day is Like Sunday Pier Vittorio 1894 Aureli Pier Vittorio Aureli 2014 King Camp Gillette Satan’s2014 Lament

Pie Plan - Utilization Divide Pretty Abi Vacant Huynh Pier Vittorio Aureli 2009 (unbuilt) 2009 (unbuilt) 2014 Abi - Brussels Huynh

Pie Plan - Utilization Divide

A Simple Heart Tower and Plinth TowerPier and Plinth Vittorio Aureli 3 ABY (Fictional Year) Pier Vittorio Aureli Pier Vittorio Aureli 2011 Emperor Palpatine 2014 Death2014 Star II - Plan

Through endless time, Eternity. But, step by step, must win his way The great eternal central sun ; Or tell from whence that light does come, Or leap across the depths of space, But none the future path can trace, Sheds greater light upon the soul. The square of distance from the goal From which the light is seen to pour, And, as we near approach the door Along whose rays we wing our flight. From outer darkness unto light, The progress of the human mind The past is but a shaded line,— Beyond the bar of Reason's gate. No one can read the lines of fate EPILOGUE.

Fujian Tulou Local Chinese Artisans 1300 A.D. or earlier

Death Star II - Plan Emperor Palpatine 3 ABY (fictional Year)

05


PROJECT ATLAS

Round House Milton Keynes 2013

Stonehenge Architect Unknown 3000 - 2000 B.C.E

Plan of a Kipsigis House / Africa Author Unknown 1900 - 1950

Planos de Bibliotecas Tianjon Binhai 2004

06


PROJECT ATLAS

1894 King Camp Gillette

The Human Drift - Metropolis

1898- Metropolis The Human Drift Ebenezer Howard King Camp Gillette Garden City - The Green Metropolis 1894

1856 - Kansas (Unbuilt) Lambay Castle Henry Clubb

Octagon City Edwin Lutyens 1905

1894 King Camp Gillette

The Human Drift - Metropolis

1856de - Kansas (Unbuilt) La ville chaux Henry Clubb Claude-Nicolas Ledoux Octagon City 1780

1854

HotelJohn Dieu Richards Octagon House Antoine Petit 1774

07


PROJECT ATLAS

Ideal City of Chaux Claude-Nicolas Ledoux 1773 - 1806

Dai Show Theatre STUFISH 2015

Sports Palace Pier Luigi Nervi 1958 - 1960

Zeebrugge Ferry Terminal Rem Koolhaas / OMA 1989

08


PROJECT ATLAS 2014 Harry Thomas Day

Nolli Master Plan

2015 NolliSolar Master Plan Reserves CrescentThomas Dunes SolarDay Farm Harry 2014

Crescent Dunes Solar Farm

Solar Reserves The Imp of the Mind 2015

Lee Baer 2002

2011 Foster and Partners

Apple 2 Campus Plan

1894 Egyptian King Hieroglyph for City Camp Gillette Satan’s Lament Author Unknown 3100 - 2500 B.C.E

Through endless time, Eternity. But, step by step, must win his way EPILOGUE. The great eternal central sun ; No one can read the lines of fate Or tell from whence that light does come, Beyond the bar of Reason's gate. Or leap across the depths of space, The past is but a shaded line,— But none the future path can trace, The progress of the human mind Sheds greater light upon the soul. From outer darkness unto light, The square of distance from the goal From which the light is seen to pour, Along whose rays we wing our flight. And, as we near approach the door And, as we near approach the door Along whose rays we wing our flight. From which the light is seen to pour, The square of distance from the goal From outer darkness unto light, Sheds greater light upon the soul. The progress of the human mind But none the future path can trace, The past is but a shaded line,— Or leap across the depths of space, Beyond the bar of Reason's gate. Or tell from whence that light does come, No one can read the lines of fate The great eternal central sun ; EPILOGUE. But, step by step, must win his way Through endless time, Eternity. Satan’s Lament

King Camp Gillette Satan’s Lament 1894

King Camp Gillette 1894

09


PROJECT ATLAS

Design for a Spherical House Laurent Vaudoyer 1784

Oberon 4-plex Monolithic Dome Institute 1996 - 2016

Manjak Chief ’s House Guinea Bissau 1950

Hobbit Home Bilbo Baggins - fictional No Year

10


PROJECT ATLAS

Tietgen Dormitory Lundgaard / Tranberg Architects 2005

Neufforge Cemetery Jean-Francois de Neufforge 1778

Palace of the Soviets Walter Gropius 1931

Project Title Author / Architect Year Completed / Unbuilt

11


PROJECT ATLAS

Visionary City Etienne-Louis Boullee 1743

Moon Phases Author Unknown Year unknown

Sign Matrix Author Unknown 2012

Cenotafio Etienne-Louis Boullee 1754

12


Exeter ATLAS Library PROJECT

Burning Man - 2009 Satilite

Louis Kahn 1965

Larry Harvey 2009

In, A Fragment on Government, Jeremy Bentham invoked what he described as a ‘fundamental axiom, it is the greatest happiness of the greatest number that is the measure of right and wrong. This want of a sufficiently manifest connexion between the ideas of happiness and pleasure on the one hand, and the idea of utility on the other, I have every now and then found operating, and with but too much efficiency, as a bar to the acceptance, that might otherwise have been given, to this principle. There is no case in which a private man ought not to direct his own conduct to the production of his own happiness, and of that of his fellow-creatures ... Every act which promises to be beneficial upon the whole to the community (himself included) each individual ought to perform of himself... Panopticon Pretty Panopticon Vacant

Jeremy Bentham Pier Vittorio Aureli 1791 -/Unbuilt Willey2014 Reveley Jeremy - Brussels

1791

Bentham

A Fragment on Government Burning Man -Impact Map Fujian Tulou Jeremy Bentham Larry Harvey

1776 Artisans Local2006 Chinese - 2010 1300 A.D. or earlier

He who bends to himself a joy Doth the winged life destroy; But he who kisses the joy as it flies Lives in eternity’s sunrise. Man was made for Joy & Woe And when this we rightly know Through the world we safely go. Joy & Woe are woven fine A Clothing for the soul divine. Under every grief & pine Runs a joy with silken twine.

Eternity / Joy and Woe

William Blake Tower and Plinth 1757 - 1827 Apple 2 Campus Pier Vittorio Aureli Underground 2014 Foster and Partners

2012

Garden City - The Green Metropolis Ebenezer Howard

Apple 2 Campus1898 Site Plan

Apple 2 and Campus Foster PartnersSite Plan 2012 Foster and Partners 2012

13


PROJECT ATLAS

Successful Home Plans / Design D Architect Unknown 1996

Benetton Nursery Alberto Campo Baeza 2006

Successful Home Plans / Design R Architect Unknown 1985

The Southwick House Joseph Southwick 1854

14


PROJECTPanopticon ATLAS Jeremy Bentham 1791 - Unbuilt

Every act which promises to be beneficial upon the whole to the community (himself included) each individual ought to perform of himself... A Fragment on Government Jeremy Bentham 1776

He who bends to himself a joy Doth the winged life destroy; But he who kisses the joy as it flies Lives in eternity’s sunrise. Man was made for Joy & Woe And when this we rightly know Through the world we safely go. Joy & Woe are woven fine A Clothing for the soul divine. Under every grief & pine Runs a joy with silken twine.

EternityFujian / Joy andTulou Woe

William Blake Artisans Local Chinese 1757 - 1827 1300 A.D. or earlier

Happy Colony Buono Vulcano

Robert Pemberton Renzo Piano 1854

2007

Garden TheGreen Green Metropolis GardenCity City - The Metropolis Ebenezer Howard Ebenezer Howard 1898 1898

Atomurbia Bourne Plan Hall JF Ptak

A.G. Sheppard Fidler 1946 1970

15


PROJECT ATLAS

Successful Home Plans / Design S Architect Unknown 1428

Zeebrugge Ferry Terminal Rem Koolhaas / OMA 1989

Planetarium Design White Oak Associates 1974 -2012

Deal Castle Henry VIII 1539 - 1540 A.D.

16


PROJECT ATLAS

Torus Monolithic Dome Institute 1996 - 2016

Domus dorm DOGMA 2015

Torus 2 Monolithic Dome Institute 1996 - 2016

National Gallery of Greenland B.I.G. 2019

17


PROJECT ATLAS 2009 Larry Harvey

Burning Man - 2009 Satilite

2015 Solar Reserves

Crescent Dunes Solar Farm

Burning Man - 2009 Satilite Larry Harvey 2009

University Building BDG Architects 2014

National Gallery of Greenland B.I.G. 2019

National Gallery of Greenland B.I.G. 2019

18


,

PROJECT ATLAS 2009 (unbuilt) Abi Huynh

Pie Plan - Utilization Divide 2014 Pier Vittorio Aureli

Every Day is Like Sunday

2011 Pier Vittorio Aureli

A Simple Heart In, A Fragment on Government, Jeremy Bentham invoked what he described as a ‘fundamental axiom, it is the greatest happiness of the greatest number that is the measure of right and wrong.

This want of a sufficiently manifest connexion between the ideas of happiness and pleasure on the one hand, and the idea of utility on the other, I have every now and then found operating, and with but too much efficiency, as a bar to the acceptance, that might otherwise have been given, to this principle. There is no case in which a private man ought not to direct his own conduct to the production of his own happiness, and of that of his fellow-creatures ... Every act which promises to be beneficial upon the whole to the community (himself included) each individual ought to perform of himself... 3 ABY (Fictional Year) Panopticon Pie Plan -Emperor Utilization Divide Palpatine Jeremy Bentham Abi Huynh Death Star II - Plan 1791 - Unbuilt 2011 2009 Foster and Partners

Apple 2 Campus Plan

A Fragment on A Fragment onGovernment Government Jeremy Bentham Jeremy1776 Bentham 2009 (unbuilt) 1776 Abi Huynh Pie Plan - Utilization Divide

He who bends to himself a joy Doth the winged life destroy; But he who kisses the joy as it flies Lives in eternity’s sunrise. Man was made for Joy & Woe And when this we rightly know Through the world we safely go. Joy & Woe are woven fine A Clothing for the soul divine. Under every grief & pine Runs a joy with silken twine.

Eternity / Joy and Woe

William Blake Apple Campus Plan 17572- 1827 1894

Foster Kingand CampPartners Gillette Satan’s Lament 2012

Through endless time, Eternity. But, step by step, must win his way The great eternal central sun ; Or tell from whence that light does come,

Garden City - The Green Metropolis Ebenezer Howard Project 1898 Title 3 ABY (Fictional Year) Author / Architect Emperor Palpatine

Death Star/IIUnbuilt - Plan Year Completed

19


Or leap across the depths of space, Or tell from whence that light does come, The great eternal central sun ; But, step by step, must win his way Through endless time, Eternity. Nolli Master Plan Harry Thomas Day Satan’s Lament 2014

PROJECT ATLAS King Camp Gillette 1894

Field ofof Rest - Plan Field Rest Jacques Molinos Apple 2 Campus Plan

Jacques Molinos - Paris Foster and1799 Partners 20111799

Every Day is Like Sunday

Pierferm Vittoriogenerale Aureli Claude2014 Nicolas Ledoux

1769

Apple 2 Campus Plan Partners DeathFoster Star IIand - Plan 2011

Emperor Palpatine 3 ABY (Fictional Year)

Every Day is Like Sunday Fujian Tulou Pier VittorioDivide Aureli Pie Plan - Utilization

Local Chinese Artisans 2014 Abi Huynh 2009 (unbuilt) 1300 A.D. or earlier

A Simple Heart

APier Simple Heart Vittorio Aureli 2011 Pier Vittorio Aureli 2011

20


PROJECT ATLAS

am al test ng.

bethe have but that iple.

not f his res ... n the ach

ShanghaiCenter Childern’s Art Theatre Pivot Irrigation Frank Zybach - Farmer Wujie Rong 1940 2013

Villa Girasole Octagon City Henry Clubb Ettore Fagiuoli 1856 - Kansas (Unbuilt) 1930

In, A Fragment on Government, Jeremy Bentham invoked what he described as a ‘fundamental axiom, it is the greatest happiness of the greatest number that is the measure of right and wrong. This want of a sufficiently manifest connexion between the ideas of happiness and pleasure on the one hand, and the idea of utility on the other, I have every now and then found operating, and with but too much efficiency, as a bar to the acceptance, that might otherwise have been given, to this principle. There is no case in which a private man ought not to direct his own conduct to the production of his own happiness, and of that of his fellow-creatures ... Every act which promises to be beneficial upon the whole to the community (himself included) each individual ought to perform of himself... Eastern State Penitentiary A Fragment Government Eastern on State Penitentiary John Haviland Jeremy Bentham 1829 John 1776 Haviland

1829

Garden City - The Green Metropolis

CenterPivot Pivot Irrigation Center Irrigation Ebenezer Howard Frank Zybach - Farmer 1898 Frank Zybach 1940 1940

21


PROJECT ATLAS 1965 Louis Kahn

Exeter Library

Exeter Library

OctagonLouis City Kahn

Henry Clubb 1965 1856 - Kansas (Unbuilt)

Garden CityCenter - The Green Metropolis Porsche Tower PivotDesign Irrigation

Ebenezer Howard- Farmer Frank Zybach Porsche Design Studio 18981940

2001

2009 Larry Harvey

Burning Man - 2009 Satilite

Octagon House

Octagon House John Richards John Richards 1854 1854

Octagon City City Octagon Octagon City

HenryHenry ClubbClubb Henry Clubb 18561856 - Kansas (Unbuilt) - Kansas (Unbuilt)

1856

22


PROJECT ATLAS

Panopticon

Jeremy Bentham Panopticon 1791 -Bentham Unbuilt Jeremy 1791 - Unbuilt

He who bends to himself a joy He who bends to himself a joy Doth the winged life destroy; Doth the winged lifejoy destroy; But he who kisses the as it flies But he whoinkisses the joy as it flies Lives eternity’s sunrise. Lives in eternity’s sunrise. Man was made for Joy & Woe Man was made forrightly Joy & Woe And when this we know And when this we rightly know Through the world we safely go. Through we safely Joy & the Woeworld are woven finego. & Woefor arethe woven fine A Joy Clothing soul divine. A Clothing for the soul divine. Under every grief & pine Under every grief & pine Runs a joy with silken twine. Runs a joy with silken twine.

Female Menstral Diagram Author unknown Year unknown

Wicker Weaving Pattern Author unknown Year unknown

Eternity// Joy Woe Eternity Joyand and Woe William Blake Eternity / Joy and Woe William Blake 1757 - Blake 1827 William 1757 1827 1757 --1827

Happy Colony

Robert Happy Colony HappyPemberton Colony 1854 Robert Pemberton Robert Pemberton 1854 1854

23


PROJECT ATLAS

Choux de Creteil Octagon House Gerard Grandval John Richards 1974 1854

Internal Circle Building Architect Unknown 1976 - unbuilt

Octagon City City Octagon Henry Clubb Henry Clubb 1856 - Kansas (Unbuilt) 1856

Institute of Cultural Heritage Spain Fernando Higueras 2011

24


PROJECT ATLAS

US Patent 115,577 - Building Design Orvill H. Sowl 1938 - 1939

NC State Legislative Building Edward Durell Stone 1960

Alesia Museum Bernard Tschumi 2012

Chicago Tribune Tower Competition Adolf Loos 1922

25


PROJECT ATLAS

Clock Eduardo Paolozzi 1983

Circular Resturant Architect Unknown 2004

Millennium Dome Richard Rogers 1996 - 1999

Circus Building S. Minofiev 1931 - 1933

26


PROJECTExeterATLAS Library Louis Kahn 1965

Burning Man - 2009 Satilite Larry Harvey 2009

Pretty Vacant Marina City Towers Pier Vittorio Aureli Bertrand Goldberg 2014 - Brussels 1968

Burning ManRock -Impact Map Black City

Tower and Plinth

Apple 2 Campus Site Plan

1718

Author Unknown 1894

Etoile Fixe Pier Vittorio Aureli 2014 Edmund Halley

Larry Harvey

Larry 2006 -Harvey 2010 2006-2010

Foster Planand of aPartners Kraal 2012

27


Eastern State Penitentiary PROJECT ATLAS John Haviland 1829

The Human Drift - Metropolis

Garden City - The Green Metropolis Ebenezer Howard 1898

The Human Drift - Metropolis

The Human - Metropolis King Drift Camp Gillette 1894 Gillette King Camp 1894

Zeebrugge King Ferry Terminal Camp Gillette Rem Koolhaas1894 / OMA 1989

Forest Mansion STARH Stanislavov 2012

Zeebrugge Ferry Terminal Rem Koolhaas / OMA 1989

28


PROJECT yraitnetineATLAS P etatS nretsaE dnalivaH nhoJ 9281

siloporteM -Smith tfirD naChart muH ehT

ettePhillip lliG pmaCH. gniKSmith 4981

1905 - 1987

Plan for House Jim Henery 2000

siloporteM neerG ehT - ytiC nedraG drawoH rezenebE 8981

Atomurbia nalP aibrumotPlan A kJF atPPtak FJ 6491 1946

Fujian Tulou Local Chinese Artisans 1300 A.D. or earlier

29


PROJECT ATLAS

2014 Pier Vittorio Aureli

Tower and Plinth

.EUGOLIPE etaf fo senil eht daer nac eno oN .etag s'nosaeR fo rab eht dnoyeB —,enil dedahs a tub si tsap ehT dnim namuh eht fo ssergorp ehT ,thgil otnu ssenkrad retuo morF .thgifl ruo gniw ew syar esohw gnolA rood eht hcaorppa raen ew sa ,dnA ,ruop ot nees si thgil eht hcihw morF laog eht morf ecnatsid fo erauqs ehT .luos eht nopu thgil retaerg sdehS ,ecart nac htap erutuf eht enon tuB ,ecaps fo shtped eht ssorca pael rO ,emoc seod thgil taht ecnehw morf llet rO ; nus lartnec lanrete taerg ehT yaw sih niw tsum ,pets yb pets ,tuB .ytinretE ,emit sseldne hguorhT tnemAlesia aL s’natMuseum aS

ettelliG pmaC gniK Bernard Tschumi 4981

2012

nalP supmaC 2 elppA srentraP dnaSpiral retsoF 1102

Leon Ferrari 1982

mraF raloDunes S senuDSolar tnecserFarm C Crescent s2014 evrese- RBrussels raloS Solar5Reserves 102 Aureli Pier Vittorio 2015 Pretty Vacant

nalP retsaM illoN

yPretty aD sam oVacant hT yrraH 1965 410Kahn 2 Louis

Pier Vittorio Aureli Exeter Library 2014

30


PROJECT ATLAS

Boullee’s Opera House Etienne-Louis Boulle 1781

Cenotafio de Newton Etienne-Louis Boulle 1780 - 1793

Philadelphia Navy Yard James Corner / Field Operations 2015

The Leaning Tower of Pisa Multiple Architects in phases 1173 - 1372

31


PROJECT ATLAS

30 St. Mary Axe - The Gherkin Norman Foster 2001 - 2004

Palladian house Claude Nicolas Ledoux 1764

Project Title Author / Architect Year Completed / Unbuilt

Tulou 1 Pier Vittorio Aureli 2009

32


PROJECT ATLAS

Maritime Theater Roman Emperor Hadrian 100 - 200 A.D.

Hirshhorn Museum and Garden Gordon Bunshaft - SOM 1966

Arc de Triomphe / Paris Plan Georges-Eugene Haussmann / Jean Chalgrin 1806 - 1870

Zeebrugge Ferry Terminal Rem Koolhaas / OMA 1989

33


PROJECT ATLAS

Capitol Record Building Welton Becket & Associates 1956

Cicural Living Complex MVRDV 2009 - unbuilt

Restormel Castle Robert, Count of Mortain 1100 - 1200 A.D.

Sketch of a Circular House William Newtown 1765

34


PROJECT ATLAS

Sports Research Center Octagon City Jose Maria Sanchez Henry Clubb Garcia 18562006 - Kansas (Unbuilt)

Garden City - The Green Metropolis

Garden City -Ebenezer The Green HowardMetropolis 1898 Ebenezer Howard 1898

American Trust Company Octagon House Skidmore, Owings, Merrill John Richards 1854 1960

Octagon City

Zeebrugge Ferry Terminal Henry Clubb 1856 Kansas (Unbuilt) Rem Koolhaas / OMA 1989

35


ORGANIZATIONAL FRAMEWORK Behavioral Geometric Determinism Exterior Bounds / Circumference

Center / Focal Point

Homogeneity

Leveled Hierarchical Equality

1

3

Hierarchical Separation

4

2

Complete Radial Equality

36


ORGANIZATIONAL FRAMEWORK

m

2

1

er / Focal Point

d Hierarchical ty

lete Radial ty 3

4

37


SELECTED WORKS

Stonehenge Architect Unknown 3000 - 2000 B.C.E.

38


SELECTED WORKS

Neufforge Cemetery Jean-Francois de Neufforge 1778

39


SELECTED WORKS

Marina City Towers Bertrand Goldberg 1968

40


SELECTED WORKS

Fujian Tulou Local Chinese Artisans 1300 A.D or earlier

41


SELECTED WORKS

Panopticon Willey Reveley Jeremy Bentham 1791

42


SELECTED WORKS

Design for Women’s Prison Sir John Soane 1782

43


SELECTED WORKS

Arc de Triomphe / Paris Plan Georges-Eugene Haussmann Jean Chalgrin 1806 - 1870

44


SELECTED WORKS

La ville de chaux Claude-Nicolas Ledoux 1780 45


SITE RESEARCH

Corn Creek, NV

46


SITE RESEARCH

Pheonix Suburb, AZ

47


SITE RESEARCH

Dubai, UAE

48


SITE RESEARCH

Bonniville Salt Flats, UT

49


CIRCLE MONSTERS - PASS 1

50


CIRCLE MONSTERS - PASS 1

51


CIRCLE MONSTERS - PASS 2

52


CIRCLE MONSTERS - PASS 2

53


CIRCLE MONSTERS - PASS 2

54


CIRCLE MONSTERS - PASS 2

55


CIRCLE MONSTERS - PASS 2

56


CIRCLE MONSTERS - PASS 2

57


CIRCLE MONSTERS - PASS 2

58


CIRCLE MONSTERS - PASS 2

59


CIRCLE MONSTERS - PASS 3

60


CIRCLE MONSTERS - PASS 3

61


CIRCLE MONSTERS - PASS 3

62


CIRCLE MONSTERS - PASS 3

63


CIRCLE MONSTERS - PASS 3

64


CIRCLE MONSTERS - PASS 3

65


CIRCLE MONSTERS - PASS 3

66


CIRCLE MONSTERS - PASS 3

67


BOARD LAYOUT

Layout Sketch

68


Rob Hap ert py Col Pem 185 ber ony 4 ton

ion r ioner gat megat Irri - FarIrri- Farm ot Pivot ach 0 Pivter ach Zyb0 194 terCenZyb k194 CenFrankFran

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Exeter

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lt)

se s n Houard ago Rich OctJohn 1854 Kahn Louis 1965

Librar

Pier

Vacant Pretty Aureli Pier Vittorio - tBrussels 2014 Vacan Pretty Aureli ls t Vittorio Pier - Brusse thaml Vacan 2014 y io Aureli Ben Prett enta test VittorBrussels my Pier t, Jere dam grea ng. 2014 men a ‘fun the wro ern ed as ss of and t beGov crib pine ion t on des hap of righ nex on the e men t he test sure con hav I t sure wha grea mea er, but ifes plea A Frag ked the theTower and Plinth In, man and the oth with that is invo it is tly Aureli ss on ce, e. Pier Vittorio m, that g, andptan cipl cien2014 pine ty axio ber a suffiof hap of utilioperatin acce prin num s t of not d to the to this ht n, wan idea the ideafoun oug of his ... This en the and then as a barn give man tion ures y, twe hand, and e bee ate duc reat n the ienc one ry now effic ise hav a privthe pro w-c upo each Plinth ch ial d) eve much erwTower andwhi Aureli t to his felloefic Vittorio ude ... in duc of ben too ht oth Pier 2014 case con that to be self inclhimself mig of es no own of (him re is his ss, and mis ct The pro nity perform dire mu to ch to happine ent whi comand Plinth ht rnm Tower own ry act to the al oug Aureli on Goveham Pier Vittorio t Bent Eve le vidu 2014 men yPlinth who indi FragPlinth Jerem Aand r and 1776 Aureli Aureli TowerVittorio Towe Vittorio

Exeter Library Louis Kahn 1965

Exeter Library

Louis Kahn 1965

Pier 2014

Burni

opol n Metr Gree ard - The How ezer en CityEben 1898 is

n

ptico ham Panoy Bent ilt Jerem - Unbu 1791

185

Aureli Pier Vittorio 2014 - Brussels

Pretty Vacant

Pretty Vacant

ationer t Irrig Pivo - Farm SiteerPlan ch Cent k Zyba1940 Apple 2 Campus Partners Fran Foster and Plan 2012 us Siteers Plan PartnPlan Site 2 Camp and s Site CampusPartners Foster Apple 2Apple Campu2012 rs and Foster 2 and Partne Apple 2012 Foster

Apple 2 Campus Site Plan Foster and Partners 2012

Burning Larry Harvey 2006 - 2010

Pier Vittorio Aureli 2014 - Brussels

Man -Impact

Larry Harvey 2006 - 2010

Burning Man - 2009 Satilite

Larry Harvey 2009

Map

Burning Man -Impact Map

Library Exeter y Louis Kahn 1965

- 2009 Satilite Burning Man Harvey

Larry 2009

Cresc

ent

Farm Dunes s s Solar Dunes Solar es nt DuneReserv Cresce Solar Reserve CrescentSolar Reserves 2015 Solar 2015 Farm 2015

Farm

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PROJECT DESCRIPTION / DESIGN BRIEF

FP Booklet Insert

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PROJECT DESCRIPTION / DESIGN BRIEF The circular typology has been around since the beginning of civilization. Whether it’s used as a Ceremonial program, Communal housing program, Utopian urban plan, or Oppressive program, the circle has always been utilized as pure geometric organizer that has the ability to establish very clear levels of hierarchy and levels of equality. This final project seeks to analyze the circular typology throughout time, in attempts to understand how the same organizational operations are used with drastically different intentions and consequently different emotional and ineffable outcomes. From this research, a design competition is proposed to reimagine and recontextualize the last Panopticon building in the US. The Stateville Corrections facility is home to the last ‘roundhouse’ prison structure built according to the Panopticon design still standing in the United States and one of the last in the world. This historical structure is now abandoned within the walls of an active maximum security prison. The design for this project seeks to break the barrier of this maximum security prison, to give the public access to this structure, while still maintaining security for the ‘community residents’ living and working within the prison. Once the barrier is broken, the question of how to repurpose this surveillance geometry is addressed. How can we reimagine this highly oppressive and feared building as something that is liberating and constructive to both the internal community and the outside public? By deeply rooting the intervention in the earlier research on the circular typology, the power structure of the Panopticon is broken and flipped so that the circumference of the space is constantly being redefined as edge or center, periphery or focus, forcing the occupants to become watcher or watched of the building itself at different points along the program. These circular motifs blur the existing emotional turbulence while simultaneously opening up the space for new and innovative programmatic moves that generate an entirely new circular typology.

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EARLY GEOMETRY STUDIES 1. Complete Homogenous

2. Complete Equality - No Hierarchy

3. Complete Hierarchy - No Equality

4. Complete Hierarchy & Equality

Base Manipula Catalog

Levels of Equality (More People)

1.

Levels of Hierarchy

Levels of Hierarchy

2.

3.

4.

Levels of Equality (More People)

Identifying Volume

Plug-in Multiplica

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EARLY GEOMETRY STUDIES

Base Manipulation Example Catalog

2.

Levels of Hierarchy

4.

Plug-in Multiplication Matrix

Redefining the Circle

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2.

EARLY GEOMETRY STUDIES Levels of Hierarchy

Levels of Hierarchy

Plug-in Multiplication Matrix

3.

4.

Edge Multiplication Matrix Levels of Equality (More People)

4

5

6

Plug-in Mul

7

10

Edge Mu

Compiling multiple geometries

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4

9

3

2

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EARLY GEOMETRY STUDIES

Compiling multiple geometries

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EARLY GEOMETRY STUDIES

Early hand drawn circle adjacencies study on Mylar paper.

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EARLY GEOMETRY STUDIES

Identifying Volume Model matrix 77


EARLY GEOMETRY STUDIES

Resin Operable Volume Model 78


EARLY GEOMETRY STUDIES

Plane as Occupancy Resin / Stick model

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MIDTERM DESIGN SCHEME - SITE Project Site - Stateville Correctional Center Stateville Correctional Center (SCC) is a maximum security state prison for men in Crest Hill, Illinois, US. Opened in 1925, Stateville was built to accommodate 1,506 inmates. The prisons currenty capacity is 4,134 inmates. Stateville's "F-House" cellhouse, commonly known as a "roundhouse", has a panopticon layout which features an armed tower in the center of an open area surrounded by several tiers of cells. F-House was the only remaining "roundhouse" still in use in the United States in the 1990s. It was closed in late 2016 but the structure will remain standing due to its historical significance. Stateville is also famous for some of its infamous inmates, and as a promienent site of Executions. Between 1928 and 1962, the electric chair was used 13 times at Stateville, including the state's first electrocutions on December 15, 1928 of three convicted murderers. When the method was changed to lethal injection, Stateville was the only site where executions were carried out until 1998 when death row was relocated to the Tamms Correctional Center in Tamms, Illinois. In March 2011 Governor Pat Quinn signed into law legislation ending the death penalty in the state of Illinois.

Program Brief The Stateville Corections facility is home to the last ‘roundhouse’ prision structure built according to panopticon design still standing in the United States and one of the last few in the world. My project seeks to preserve the architectural significance of this structure, now abandonded, within the walls of an active maximum security prison. While maintaining the orginal nature of the program and geometry, proposing multiple interventions that challenge circular typology, the project will blur the boundaries between past/present, opression/freedom, order/chaos. The project will also challenge the relationships between the highly secluded community of prision, and the outside world. How do we make an extremely secure and private building into a public space, within the walls of a private one? When crossing this boundary, what is the relationship between prisoner (community resident) and the outside world? Can there be interactions between the two, or do they live in separate worlds?

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MIDTERM DESIGN SCHEME - SITE

Round House wedge section perspective

Site Axon.

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MIDTERM DESIGN SCHEME

Gaurd Emotion Drawing

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MIDTERM DESIGN SCHEME

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MIDTERM DESIGN SCHEME

Prisoner Emotion Drawing 84


MIDTERM DESIGN SCHEME

85


MIDTERM DESIGN SCHEME

Prisoner Emotion Hand Drawn Overlay

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MIDTERM DESIGN SCHEME

Gaurd Emotion Hand Drawn Overlay

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MIDTERM DESIGN SCHEME

Programming / Light Sketches

88


MIDTERM DESIGN SCHEME

Programming / Light Sketches

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MIDTERM DESIGN SCHEME Second Floor

Third Floor

Ground Floor Second Floor

Original Plan Ground Floor

Original Plan

Elevation 1

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MIDTERM DESIGN SCHEME Fourth Floor

Roof Plan

Third Floor

Reflected Ceiling Plan

Fourth Floor Second Floor

Ground Floor

Elevation 2

Third Floor

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MIDTERM DESIGN SCHEME

Roof Plan

Site axis Section

Reflected Ceiling Plan

Elevation 3

92


MIDTERM DESIGN SCHEME

Lighting / Emotion Section

Elevation 4

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MIDTERM DESIGN SCHEME

Exploded Axonometric

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MIDTERM DESIGN SCHEME

Exploded Axonometric cont.

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MIDTERM DESIGN SCHEME

Full Boards Layout

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MIDTERM DESIGN SCHEME

Original Building Model - 1/16th scale

97


MIDTERM DESIGN SCHEME

Original Building Model - 1/16th scale

98


MIDTERM DESIGN SCHEME

Site Model - 1/100th scale

99


MIDTERM DESIGN SCHEME

Site Model - 1/100th scale 100


MIDTERM DESIGN SCHEME

Midterm Model - 1/16th scale

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MIDTERM DESIGN SCHEME Midterm Model - 1/16th scale

102


MIDTERM DESIGN SCHEME

Midterm Model - 1/16th scale Midterm Model - 1/16th scale

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REEVALUATED GEOMETRY

Power Destruction Study Models

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REEVALUATED GEOMETRY

Power Destruction Study Models

105


REEVALUATED GEOMETRY

Power Destruction Study Models

106


REEVALUATED GEOMETRY

Power Destruction Study Models

107


REEVALUATED GEOMETRY

Power Destruction Study Models 108


REEVALUATED GEOMETRY

Power Destruction Study Models 109


REEVALUATED GEOMETRY

Circular Volume Manipulation Strategies Model Matrix

110


REEVALUATED GEOMETRY

Circular Volume Manipulation Strategies Model Matrix 111


REEVALUATED GEOMETRY

Circular Volume Manipulation Strategies Model Matrix

Power Destruction Study Models

112


REEVALUATED GEOMETRY

Power Destruction Study Models 113


REEVALUATED GEOMETRY

Parasite Study Models

114


REEVALUATED GEOMETRY

Parasite Study Models

115


FINAL DESIGN PROPOSAL

Geometric Curvature and Overlapping spaces diagram 116


FINAL DESIGN PROPOSAL

Ground Plan

Midterm Model - 1/16th scale

117


FINAL DESIGN PROPOSAL

Second Floor Plan

118


FINAL DESIGN PROPOSAL

Third Floor Plan

119


FINAL DESIGN PROPOSAL

Fourth Floor Plan

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FINAL DESIGN PROPOSAL

Roof Plan

121


FINAL DESIGN PROPOSAL

Final ‘Prisoner’ Emotion Drawing 122


FINAL DESIGN PROPOSAL

123


FINAL DESIGN PROPOSAL

Final ‘Gaurd’ Emotion Drawing 124


FINAL DESIGN PROPOSAL

125


FINAL DESIGN PROPOSAL

Tranparent Path Axonometric

126


FINAL DESIGN PROPOSAL

Elevation Stills from Animation

127


FINAL DESIGN PROPOSAL

Exploded Axonometric

128


FINAL DESIGN PROPOSAL

Exploded Axonometric cont.

129


FINAL DESIGN PROPOSAL

Final Model - 1/16th scale

130


FINAL DESIGN PROPOSAL

Final Model - 1/16th scale

131


FINAL DESIGN PROPOSAL

Midterm Model - 1/16th scale

132


FINAL DESIGN PROPOSAL

Final Model - 1/16th scale

133


FINAL DESIGN PROPOSAL

Final Model - 1/16th scale

134


FINAL DESIGN PROPOSAL

Final Model - 1/16th scale

135


FINAL DESIGN PROPOSAL

Final Model - 1/16th scale

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FINAL DESIGN PROPOSAL Midterm Model - 1/16th scale

Final Model - 1/16th scale

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CIRCLE MONSTERS - PASS 3

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CIRCLE MONSTERS - PASS 3

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BIBLIOGRAPHY

Hayden, Dolores. “Seven American Utopias: The Architecture of Communitarian Socialism, 1790-1975 by Dolores Hayden.” Goodreads, Goodreads, 4 Apr. 1979, www.goodreads.com/book/ show/169401.Seven_American_Utopias. BURNS, J. H. “Happiness and Utility: Jeremy Bentham’s Equation | Utilitas.” Cambridge Core, Cambridge University Press, 23 Feb. 2005, www.cambridge.org/core/journals/utilitas/article/happiness-and-utility-jeremy-benthams-equation/1BE48AA389161E1F 676033457141BB1A. Graaf, Reinier. “From CIAM to Cyberspace: Architecture and the Community.” Hunch Project Journal, 5 May 2018, www.theberlage.nl/galleries/projects/details/from_ciam_to_cyberspace.

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Reinventing the Roundhouse - An Investigation into the Circular Typology  

Final Project Thesis Booklet - Matthew Dellehunt - RPI School of Architecture - Spring 2018

Reinventing the Roundhouse - An Investigation into the Circular Typology  

Final Project Thesis Booklet - Matthew Dellehunt - RPI School of Architecture - Spring 2018

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