Page 1

Design of a SOS Children’s Villages Shylet

1.1 Introduction After the war of independence, when the number of orphan children in a sharp rate, there was a necessity to take action for the destitute children, till now this need has been remaining in an increasing rate for the lack of proper social and national consciousness. SOS children’s villages act as an independent non-governmental social development organization in Bangladesh has taken steps to help. For the need to survive in modern society, optimum environment for safe living is a prerequisite. In adverse environment the proper development of human qualities become difficult, especially in the case of children. Before and during education, a child needs a favorable environment where he or she should be grown up in his or her home safely. 1.2 Comprehensive Concept The concept providing of facile living of orphan children through an institution has been established many years ago. The basic philosophies behind establishment of these institutions have a sense of charity. Promoted by religious and humanitarian feelings for orphan and destitute children who have none to look after as a consequences this institutions have been established primarily for meeting basic physical needs of the children, food, shelter, cloths, education etc. But the emotional physically and social are not taken into consideration the children living in this institutions lead some what regimental life where family environment in totally absent. So they physically well but most of them can’t be sound, healthy in their psychological 1. Emotional 2. Mental 3. Social development. This has caused a serious problem in rehabilitating these children in the society when they finish their term in these institutions at age of 18 years. So it is our responsibly to provide these ill-fated children with a chance to go up a psychologically and physically sound and healthy citizen. Because living these child-as they are in a crime and negligence of duty on our part also and ignorance of the fact that they can be converted into a potential work-force of the country. The principles behind SOS children’s villages have influenced the way people work with orphan and abundant children around the world, the institution respect varying culture and religious and work in countries and communities when they can contribute to the overall development. The strong and dear educators, psychological principles underlying SOS children’s villages’ idea encourage the free development of every Childs personality and talent by providing -Love, Security, Continuity in the SOS families. -Sound, Schooling and training local school/collage. -Encouragement in community living.


-A wide variety of facilities for extra curriculum and recreational activities and hobbies. Social welfare department runs 95 orphanages (Capacity 1200) and some baby homes (Capacity 500) and destitute children’s rehabilitation. The government recently comes to a conclusion that all government orphanages should be operated according to the concept of SOS children’s villages’. 1.3 Location of the site Mouja - Ataullah Upazila – Balaganj Thana - Sylhet shadar District - Sylhet Area: 5 acres Client: SOS Children’s villages, Bangladesh. 2.1 Project in the national context The project is related to the socio-economic phenomenon of the country. It is actually a return to the original system of joined and extended family which prevailed years ago, where the orphans have a chance of sharing and companionship of a real family. In Bangladesh very little work has been done for the destitute children following modern concept and technology. So an architect can play a vital role in realizing the socio-economic objectives of the country by providing the appropriate design from aesthetical and functional point of view. 2.2 Project aim The aim of the project is to make these orphans self-dependent, mentally healthy, economically selfsufficient in their after years, so in practical life they won’t be challenged with anything that they can’t take, to teach them not to be defeated or lost. Thus the organization helps them to become national resource for the country. In this project the challenge is to create an environment that can enlighten the children where they will grow during laming, playing, working, even when they are just little kids. 3.1 The city of Sylhet Sylhet town is located on the north eastern part of Bangladesh about 42 km from the Indian border along the river Surma and Kushiara. It serves as a district and divisional headquarters and the region of north Comilla and part of Mymensing. It is the center for tea and the regional distribution center for goods and services for all the districts in its vicinity. Sylhet town is well connected by roads and highways, train and air to major districts and towns. The river transport is still locally significant. The rivers innumerable ponds, dig his, hoarse and the catchmentsbasins for surface runoffs. The general topography of Sylhet town is with a height varying from 26.0’ to 60.0’ above sea level. To the north of the town there are numerous isolated hillocks or tiles. Area: - The area of Sylhet town is 9 sq. miles 1 - Sylhet municipal area is 3.5 sq. miles 2 1 2

www.Banglapedia in Bengali .com Do


Land use and built-up area: - Area having structure whither pucca, semi-pucca or kutcha have been classified as builtup. In urban Sylhet built-up areas comprise of two third of the total area. Structure: About 43% of the structures in Syhlet are pucca, 42% semi-pucca, while the rest are kutcha. Multistoried buildings are few and scattered with concentration in the core area. Syhlet has, within its urban limits a number of structures of architectural significance. The M.C. college hostel, medical college hostel and many other lesser structures in Syhlet are a testimony to their elegance and beauty. They are a part of the national heritage—a link with past. Future plans take cognizance of them.

Map-3.1 (Sylhet city map) 3 3.1.1 Population Sylhet is one of the largest towns in Bangladesh with a population of 160,000 in 1981 Census. Table 3.1.1 Population growth trend of Sylhet municipal Area: 4 Year

Population

Increase

Annual

rate

of Percentage

growth 1911

14857

4.0

1901-1911

.39

1921

16957

16.9

1911-1921

1.58

3 4

Map collected form- SOS head office, Shamoli, Dhaka, 2009 Dissertation paper by sonali, Department of ARCH. BUET, 2007, page 09


1931

21435

26.7

1921-1931

2.4

1941

28128

31.2

1931-1941

2.75

1951

33142

17.7

1941-1951

1.65

1961

40644

22.7

1951-1961

2.07

1974

63417

35.9

1961-1974

3.5

1981

87922

27.9

1974-1981

4.8

3.1.2 Road System There is four stretches of main paved pucca roads maintained by roads and highways. Major roads stretch east-west while the secondary and minor roads are mostly north-south. Expect the major roads; all other roads are minted by the municipality. Table 3.1.2 Vehicles registered in Sylhet town5 Types of vehicles Motor cycle Auto Rickshaw Truck, pick-up, tractor Bus Tractor Passenger car Micro, Mini-bus Sub-total Rickshaw Pushcart, Rickshaw van Bicycle Sub-total Total

Number 5791 1691 1666 830 829 809 164 11750 4213 671 53 4937 16687

Percent 34.5 4.8 5.0 10.0 5.0 1.0 10.2 70.5 25.2 4.0 .3 29.5 100.0

3.2 SOS-children’s village at a glance SOS-children’s village in Bangladesh is the member organization of SOS-KINDERDRF INTERNATIONAL, the largest private child welfare organization, working in 132 countries around the world. Professor Hermann Gmeiner, founder of SOS-KINDERDRF INTERNATIONAL, visited Bangladesh in 1972 immediately after the war of liberation with Mr. Helmut Kutin, present president of the SOS-KDI with the proposal of established SOS children’s villages in Bangladesh. SOS-KDI started functioning in Bangladesh form 1972 under and arrangement with the LABOUR and SOCIAL WELFARE ministry of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh. 3.3 Roots The first SOS children’s village was founded by Hermann Gmeiner in 1949 in Imst, Austria. He was committed to help children in need – children who had lost their homes, their security and their families as a result of the Second World War. Since then it has grown to help children and become a symbol of peace and better future for children. 3.4 Vision: What we want for the world’s children 6 Every child belongs to a family and grows with love, respect and security. 5

Dissertation paper by sonali, Department of ARCH. BUET, 2007, page 10

6

www.soschildrensvillages.org


3.5 Mission: What we do7 SOS-KDI build families for children in need help them, shape their own futures and share in the development of their communities. 3.6 Philosophy8 With the SOS-children’s village concept, the organization pioneered a family to the long-term care of orphaned and abounded children. This concept is based on 4 principles: 3.6.1 The Mother :( Each child has a caring parent) The SOS mother builds a close relationship with every child entrusted to her and provides the security, love and stability that each child needs. As a child care professional, she lives together with her children, guides their development and runs her house hold independently. She recognizes and respects each child’s family background, cultural roots and religion. 3.6.2 Brothers and Sisters: (Family ties grow naturally) Boys and girls of different ages live together as brothers and sisters, natural brothers and sisters always staying within the same SOS family. These children and their SOS mother build emotional ties that last a lifetime. 3.6.3 The House: (Each family creates its own home) The house is the family’s home, with its own unique feeling, rhythm and routine. Under its roof, children enjoy a real sense of security and belonging. Children grow and learn together, sharing responsibilities and all the joys and sorrow of daily life. With individual kitchen, living space and households the house is run by mother independently under the guidance and help of the village director, who is the father figure for the children. 3.6.4 The Village: (The SOS family is a part of the community) SOS families live together, forming a supportive village environment where children enjoy a happy childhood. The families share experience and offer one another helping hand. They also live as integrated and contributing members of the local community. Though his or her family, village and community, each child learns to participate actively in society. The village has several houses, its own community center, elementary school and other facilities. 3.7 Villages of peace The basis of life in the community of SOS children’s villages is peaceful co-existence beyond all distinctions of ethic, cultural or religious affiliation. In many case SOS children’s villages are veritable melting pots for different ethnic groups and creeds. In every family house, the calls for tolerance and solidarity are present and followed in the various facets of everyday life. The peaceful village community in tam has a model function for the neighborhood. A child who knows peace today will be in a position to bring peace to others tomorrow. That constitutes a “multiplier effect for good” that is characteristic of the educational effort of SOS children’s villages. SOS children’s village also provides active neighborhood assistance. This includes a whole range of ancillary facilities such as kindergartens, schools, vocational training centers, counseling centers and clinics, mostly targeted at the needs of the young people and families living in the vicinity of the SOS children’s villages. In this way SOS children’s villages help to improve the situation of what is often a large impoverished part of the local population. The most important person for the children’s personal development on the road of self-reliance is their SOS mother. She builds an emotional bond with each child entrusted to her care and provides the security they need. The house is the family’s home with 7 8

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its own unique feeling, rhythm and routine. Under its roof, children enjoy a real sense of security and belonging. Children grow and learn together, sharing responsibilities and the joys and sorrows of daily life. Every SOS children’s village offers a permanent home in a family- style environment to children. The SOS children’s villages are an integral part of the community in its location, design and every aspect. SOS families are grouped together, enabling them to share experience and offer one another a helping hand. Within this supportive environment children loam to trust and believed in others and themselves. All SOS Hermann Gmeiner Schools – often regretted as model school in the country of their locationare state recognized and teach according to the applicable national curricula. Cultural features are taken into account. A maximum of between 30 and 40 pupils per classroom are taught by wellqualified teachers, almost exclusively local personal. The school buildings, frequently arranged in compact smaller units and characterized by elements of regional architecture, are solid constructions that will provide suitable facilities for as many generations of school children as possible. 4.3 Location map Map 4.3.1(Balaganj upazila) 9

Sylhet Sodor

Dayamir Map 4.3.2 (Dayamir Bazaar in relation to Sylhet Sodor)10 9

http//banglapedia.search.com.bd/Ht/sylhet www.bdwebguide.com

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4.4 Site photographs (In terms of orientation) Fig 4.4.1 West side of the site (paddy fields)Fig 4.4.2 South side of the site (paddy fields)

Fig 4.4.4 North side of the site (paddy fields) Fig 4.4.3 East side of the site (paddy fields)


Fig 4.4.5 South-West corner of the site (paddy fields)

Fig 4.4.6 North-East corner of the site (paddy fields)

Fig 4.4.7 North-West corner of the site (paddy fields) Fig 4.4.8 Top view of the site


Site attributes Very few vehicles usually moves on the road

Fig 4.4.9 Tin shed house at north side

Fig 4.4.10

Telecommunication tower opposite of the site

Fig 4.4.11


Fig 4.4.12 one storied mosque at south side

4.5 Site forces and surrounding 4.5.1. Topography The site is almost plain land, lower than the road level and low paddy fields around the site. 4.5.2. Vegetation Little amount of vegetation surrounding the site. 4.5.3. Approaches There is one road at the east side of the site. This is coming from Dhaka-Sylhet highway. The site is 5 km far from highway road.

Fig 4.5.3.1Dhaka-Sylhet high way road east side of the site

Fig 4.5.3.2 the

Fig: 4.5.3.3 Entry of the site

Fig: 4.5.3.4 Road towards the site

4.5.4. Noise The site is located in the sub urban area. So the site is apparently free from noise.


4.6 Climate The principle elements of climate are rainfall and humidity, wind, sun insulation and atmospheric temperature. The Sylhet town is the tropical belt and therefore, it is under the influence of tropical monsoon climate. There are three predominant seasons, 1. Summer (mid-March to the end of June) 2. Winter (mid-October to mid-March) 3. Monsoon (July to mid-October) 4.6.1. Temperature The main temperature is 82째 F. in summer and 67째 in the winter. The highest temperature in summer and the lowest temperature is winter. Temperature, Humidity and Cloudiness11 Month January February March April May June July August September October November December 4.6.2. Wind

Temp. in Fahrenheit Mean Max. Mean Min. 77.1 55.0 80.1 57.1 87.1 63.4 91.1 71.2 87.9 72.3 87.5 76.3 88.1 77.6 88.9 77. 6 87.5 77.3 86.4 72.4 83.7 62.8 79.5 57.4

Humidity in Temperature At 6 A.M At 6 PM 93 67 88 57 83 51 87 63 93 79 96 82 97 83 95 84 95 85 96 84 93 75 95 73

Cloud in Octen At 9 AM. 1.9 2.4 2.6 4.3 6.1 6.8 7.2 6.7 6.7 6.7 1.3 1.0

During winter south wind speed is highest. Winter wind direction is quite variable but north-east winds are predominant south- east to south-west winds are prevalent during Monsoon. This climate condition should be considered for the design. 4.6.3. Sun The sun is one of the major climatic considerations, especially in summer. During This period, the sun rays are very undesirable covering an angle from east to south -west. During the winter months the sun remains at a comparatively low altitude. This gives an opportunity invite the pleasant winter sun inside covered space. 4.6.4. Rainfall Rain in our country is the unpredictable climate feature, it some times continuous for days. It can be sudden with heavy wind. The main object of rain protection in a building is to prevent it from coming inside. Sylhet city is located at the north- east region. The rain fall of this region is more then high then the other districts June to September. 4.6.5. Climate and effects 4.6.5.1 Winter Middle of October to middle of March. 11

Metrological office Sylhet year 2009


Climatic data:12 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Natural effects: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

Temperature range (daily): 64.9-83.7 F. Relative humidity : 75.8% Day length : 11.25 hours Sunshine hours per day : 9.34 hours Wind speed range : 0.4-1.6 m.p.h. Monthly rainfall : 1.5 inches Considerable fall in temperature. Normal wind speed comparatively low. Wind form north. Rainfall negligible. Cyclones. Maximum sunshine hours per day. Low cloud coverage. Trees shed leaves.

Design factors: 1. 2. 3. 4.

Best time of construction works. Protection from north winds. Through ventilation unpleasant because of draught. Minimum protection needed from rain, verandahs, garden, rooms etc. can be extensively used during this season. 5. Sub-soil water goes down, land is dry and dusty. 4.6.5.2 Summer Middle of March up to the end of June. Climatic data:13 Temperature range (daily): 76.5-95.7 F. 1. Relative humidity : 82.8% 2. Day length : 13.00 hours 3. Sunshine hours per day : 8.14 hours 4. Wind speed range : 0.9-2.6m.p.h. 5. Monthly rainfall : 7.0 inches Natural effects: 1. Highest temperature of the year. 2. Maximum-Normal wind speed. 3. Season starts with nor-western, dust storms and hail storms. 4. Wind changes direction from North to south at the beginning of the season. 5. Relative humidity very high. Design factors: 1. Sun travels cooperatively high in the city. 2. Protection from sun, south over-hang needed approximately one-third of the height of opening. 3. Intense sun isolation of west wall and roof. 4. Maximum opening on north and south wall for through ventilation. 4.6.5.3 Monsoon Beginning of July to middle of October.

12

Metrological office Sylhet year 2009 Metrological office Sylhet year 2009

13


Climatic Data:14 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Natural effects: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Design factors: 1. 2. 3.

Temperature range (daily): 78.3-87.7 F. Relative humidity : 88% Day length : 12.89 hours Sunshine hours per day : 5.86 hours Wind speed range : 1.5-1.9 m.p.h. Monthly rainfall : 11.5 inches Temperature quite high. Wind speed moderate. Wind from south. Continuous rainfall for days. Cyclonic storms. Flood. Highest relative humidity. Intense growth of ventilation and fungus. Maximum ventilation is required during this period. Maximum protection needed against rains. Adequate drainage facilities for storm water required.

4.6.6. Planning Responses For shading devices The types of shading devices used depends on the various requirements need to reduce heat, to maintain adequate ventilation, the effect of the device on internal lighting, etc. A comparative analysis of these devices is given in the following table. Comparative analysis of shading devices:15 Types of control

Percentage Percentage Percentage of reduction in efficiency to natural light total heat gain. ensure cross- resulting from ventilation control 10-20 5-25 30-50 ventilation 20-30 5-90 50-75

Percentage average efficiency as means of control.

Curtains Mental blinds Heat resisting glass(colored) Roof or corridor overhang Concrete hood and fins Louvered hood Vertical louvers Horizontal louvers Suspended louvers

35 64

60

70

40

57

75-80

80-100

40

69

70-80

80-100

45

70

85 70-80 70-80 80-85

80-100 10-50 10-50 80-100

77 45-65 45-70 70-80

84 54 53 82

Local example 6.1.1 SOS Children’s village, Gollamari Khulana Owner: SOS Children’s villages international 14 15

Metrological office Sylhet year 2009 Tropical Architecture by C.P.Kukreja page 89


Architect: Khadem Ali and Uttam K Saha Consultant: Consecrates ltd. ahs rahaman (project coordinator) Covered area: 8 acres Period of construction: October 1982 to September 1986 This was the third SOS Children Village established in Bangladesh. The total built area is 22,255 sq.ft. The Architect attempt to build almost totally with locally available materials. But due to the negligence of the contractor and the obstinacy of the client, all building materials, except the clay tiles of the roof had to be transported from Dhaka, or imported from abroad.

Fig: 6.1.1.1 SOS village Khulna

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Family House Director/ Asset. Director’s House Co-workers Home Aunt’s and Guest Room Administrative Block Workshop and Garage

Fig: 6.1.1.1 Site plan of SOS village Khulna

Here the major functions are: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Family House Administrative Block Aunt’s and Guest House Cottage Social center Directors House

Family House: The village is arranged in groups of family houses. But the houses stand back-to-front and the cohesiveness of the group is therefore somewhat lost. There are four clusters of family houses (Para) in the village. The family houses are clustered in four numbers which create one Para. There are 16 family houses.


Fig: 6.1.1.2 Each Para has individual courtyard Fig: 6.1.1.3 Duplex family house

All single unit structures are built like a residence. Structure:

Load bearing wall structure. 5” exposed brick wall. Fig: 6.1.1.4

Roof: Pitched roof used here. Double roof used here for control the temperature of the family house. 4” concrete roof used here. The pitch roof derived it’s from the chowchalla of the rural huts of the Bengal.

Fig: 6.1.1.5

Fig: 6.1.1.6


Ventilation: - Cross ventilation. - Mechanical ventilation also used here. Administrative Block:

The administrative block is located near the entry of the site.

Fig: 6.1.1.7

Aunts and Guest House: Fig: 6.1.1.8

Cottage: Cottage which includes guest houses and study corner is located end of the village. Fig: 6.1.1.9

Fig: 6.1.1.10

Social center:


-

Social center is located near the administrative block. Here SOS trained general village women. SOS also gives clinic system to general people.

Fig: 6.1.1.11

Fig: 6.1.1.12

Fig: 6.1.1.13

Director House: The directors’ house is located deep in the interior of the residential zone, giving him a commanding view of the whole residential zone.

Hermann Gmeiner School: Fig:SOS 6.1.1.14 Hermann Gmeiner School Khulna has been

established in the year 1987.

Fig: 6.1.1.14

Fig: 6.1.1.16


Fig: 6.1.1.15

The SOS international prepared a new for the care of parentless and abandoned children’s. The SOS international gives them mother, brother and sisters and home and also community protection. 6.1.2 SOS Children’s village, Rajshahi Owner: SOS Children’s villages international. Architect: Khadem Ali. Covered area: 5 acres. Period of construction: 1979 Location: Terokhadia. The SOS Children’s village at Rajshahi is based on SOS group concept which is family base long time care. This children village is arranged in groups of family houses. It is a village for orphan children in the society through proper education and training. The village is an orphanage with a difference. It endeavors to provide orphaned and abandoned children with family substitute and conditions as similar children with family substitute and nature of normal house. F ig: 6.1.2.1 Plan of SOS village at Rajshahi

Bed Room

Toilet

Kitchen

Entry

Entry

Bed Room

Fig: 6.1.2.2 Family House

Mother’s bed Room

Bed Room


Fig: 6.1.2.3 Elevation A

Fig: 6.1.2.4 Elevation B

T . Nursing

Doctor’s rm.

Library

Store

Main entry

Entry

Store

Sewing

Fig: 6.1.2.5 Office Block


Fig: Reception 6.1.2.7 Fig: 6.1.2.6 South North Elevation Elevation Director Office Office

Family house: There are three clusters of family houses (Para) in the village. The family houses are clustered in five numbers which create one Para. There are 15 family houses. The whole village is built as village concept. Here is 15 family house in which 150 children’s live.

Fig: 6.1.2.8 Single unit family house

Fig: 6.1.4.8 each Para has individual court yard

Structure: R.C.C. frame structure, 5”exposed brick wall. Roof: Pitched roof used here. Double roof used for control the temperature of the family house. 4” concrete roof used here.


Fig: 6.1.2.10

Fig: 6.1.2.11

Ventilation: Cross ventilation, mechanical ventilation also used here.

Fig: 6.1.2.12

Fig: 6.1.2.13

Community house and cottage: Community house and cottage is includes guest house, aunts house and study corner is located in between two clusters of family houses.

Fig: 6.1.2.15 Aunt House

Fig: 6.1.2.14 Guest house Fig: 6.1.2.16 Study corner

Fig: 6.1.2.17 Study corner


Administrative Block:

Administrative block is located near the entry of the site.

Fig: 6.1.2.18

Social Center: -

Social center is located near the administrative block. SOS trained general village women. SOS also gives clinic system to general people.

Fig: 6.1.2.19

Multipurpose Hall: Multipurpose hall is located in the center of the village. Multipurpose hall use as kindergartens students.

Fig: 6.1.2.20

Economic: The village of SOS at Rajshahi is not a tropical orphanage; single unit (family house) is built like a residence. So the cost is more than barrack type hostel building. But this single unit is built for homely environment. Other Information: The SOS international prepared a new for the care of parentless and abandoned children’s. The SOS international gives them mother, brother and sisters and home and also community protection. 6.1.3 SOS Children’s village, Bogra


Architect: Rajul Hasan Covered Area: 5 Acres Location: Bogra Design Criteria: -

Central courtyard surrounded by 10 family houses. Admin Block, School, Collage and Social center located near the entry. Community house, Guest and aunts rooms and multipurpose hall located beside the admin block. Director house, Youth hostel and staff quarter at the rear side.

-

5 acres site on 2 levels. Natural contours used to create landscape at different levels. Steps are for sitting by mothers and children’s enhances community bonding.

Style:

Fig: 6.1.3.1 Hermann Gmeiner School and college

Fig: 6.1.3.3 Ramp and stair

Fig: 6.1.3.2 Court of School

Fig: 6.1.3.4 Family house


Fig: 6.1.3.5 Entry of village

Fig: 6.1.3.6 Semi open space in front of class room

Fig: 6.1.3.7 Central court

Hierarchy of open space: -

Courtyard connected all houses, a view of open space. Gathering spaces for formal and informal chats> community spaces. Individual playground>sports. Public square>courtyard.

Maintain scale: - One or two storied building to have intimate and domestic scale. - Pitched roof to scale down heights - Green created in different layers for children’s scale. Circulation: - Pathways connect all functions. - Whole village is pedestrian’s - Different level of walkways- Breaks monotony - Changes vision - Defines individual spaces Climatic aspects: - Better wind flow. - Orientation is considered. - Cross ventilation and natural light. - Using brick to reduce cost. - Load bearing walls as structural system.

Fig: 6.1.3.8 Youth hostel


Fig 6.1.3.9 Cluster Group

6.1.4 SOS Children’s village, Chittangong Architects: CAPE Intimates: 120 Houses: 12 Period of construction: 1989 Covered area: 1.5 hectares Location: Chittangong

Fig 6.1.4.1 Site plan of SOS village at Chittagong

Design Criteria: - Arranged in group of family houses. - Family houses are clustered in 4. - Admin., Primary School and Social entry.

Center

located

near

the


- 3 clusters of family houses. - Community house, Guest and aunt’s house and multipurpose hall located behind primary school. - Staff quarter at the rear side. - Doctors house at deep inside of residential zone.

Fig 6.1.4.3 Entry of the village Fig 6.1.4.2 Admin Block

Fig 6.1.4.4 School and social center

Fig 6.1.4.5 Class room

Fig 6.1.4.7 the village

Fig 6.1.4.6 Day care center

Fig 6.1.4.8 Family house

Fig 6.1.4.9 Eaves


Fig: 6.1.4.8 each Para has individual court yard

Fig 6.1.4.9 Eaves

Fig 6.1.4.10 Screening Figin6.1.4.11 backyard Child washing bed room corner

Fig 6.1.4.13 Community hall Fig 6.1.4.12 Stair to roof

Fig 6.1.4.15 Principle room Fig 6.1.4.14 Semi Style: open space in front of class room.

-

Follows group concept Whole village is built in village concept. Family as the unit-close to nature. Intimate and domestic, homely environment. Family house > Neighborhood > Community.

6.1.5 Sir Salimullah Muslims Orphanage, Azimpur, Dhaka. Founder: Sir Salimullah, late Nawab of Dhaka, 1909. Intimate: Boys-202, Girls-212


This is one of the oldest orphanages of the country founded by Sir Salimullah the late Nawab of Dhaka at his own residence in Dhaka in 1909. It is one of the most unplanned orphanages which have not been designed by professional Architect or Engineer. The facilities sprang up with the passage of time, through the donation and charities; therefore the growth is totally haphazard.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 12 11. 12.

Admin block Staff office Stall Mosque Godown Kaji office T.V. hall Shop Bank School Boys hostel Girls hostel

Fig 6.1.5.1 Plan of Sir Salimullah Muslims Orphanage

Design criteria: -

A major public road divides the orphanage into 2 segments. One provides boys accommodation and facilities another is for girls. Original complex has admin, a mosque, girls dorm, dining, kitchen, girls school (from class 1 to 8), staff quarter. Extension part has boy’s dorm, kitchen, boy’s school, common TV room, training shed transferred to god own and factory. Shops on the front, having an interface with the street and community, for earning for the orphanage.

Fig 6.1.5.7 6.1.5.5 Gate Boys school


Fig 6.1.5.2 Administration

Fig 6.1.5.3 Garden near entry

Fig 6.1.5.4 Mosque Fig 6.1.5.6 Boy’s school

Fig 6.1.5.5 Girls school Fig 6.1.5.7 Entry

Girl’s

dormitory unhygienic condition of living:

Fig 6.1.5.8

Fig 6.1.5.9

Fig 6.1.5.10 Kitchen

Boy’s dormitory unhygienic condition of living:

Fig 6.1.5.12 Fig Field 6.1.5.13 Rooms connected by corridor

Fig 6.1.5.14 Fig Playing 6.1.5.15 in corridor Unhygienic living room

Fig 6.1.5.11 Lack of lighting and ventilation in living room


6.2 Example from Abroad 6.2.1 SOS Children’s Village, Bawana, Delhi Architect: Benninger, Gorecha S’Malecha Houses: 15

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

Entrance Court Living Sleeping Kitchen Service Mother

Fig: 6.2.1.1 Cross section

Fig: 6.2.1.1 Cottage plan

Fig: 6.2.1.2 Site plan

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

Family cottage Aunts quarters Dispensary Directors residence Servants quarters Guest house Kitchen garden


Location Map:

Map 6.2.1.3 (location map of Bawana) 16 Spatial Configuration: -

16

Derive from the traditional north Indian village with each housing its own courtyard and five houses clustering around a larger court. All the courtyards lead into the main court through which pass the two main pedestrian roads of the village. One roads leads through the court up to the water tank, garden and then down to the – library - Clinic and

http///www.sos-children village.org


- Village leader’s house - The other street beings at the village entrance where the community hall is located moves on through the court and then back to the vocational school and service areas of the village.

Fig: 6.2.1.5 School

Fig: 6.2.1.4 Village

Materials: -

Brick vaults used as a structuring element. Span determine by local manufacturing capability.

6.2.2 SOS Village, Fadabad Architect: Kiri Associates Covered area: 6878 sqm Completion: 1987 Cost: 1, 10, 00,000 RS. Site: 2.8 hectare Design concept: Down to earth scale which has kept the built profile within one to two stories with landscape outdoor spaces.

Fig: 6.2.2.2 Village Fig: 6.2.2.1 Entry of village


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14.

Fig 6.2.2.3 Site plan

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

Class room Lobby Principal Artcrafts room Laboratory Teachers room Public sitting Office Children’s play park 10. Library 11. Open theater 12. Parking

Fig: 6.2.2.4 School ground floor

Vocational training center Staff hall Principal Youth room Youth village Admin facilities Statue Family cottage Guest cottage Children’s play area Mothers training institutes Mothers home School Play ground


Spatial Configuration: - Entry to the complex is from west to the left is Mothers training institute and model children’s village. - From the main circulation passage an open pathway leads to the green areas clustered around the children’s homes. Each house accommodates 10 children’s and one mother. - The youth village is a cluster of 6 homes grouped around a large green space that stretches up to the recreation and mess facilities block. Each home provides accommodation for 16 youth with a large open terrace at the first floor level. Built Form: - Pyramidal roof used to enclosed large airspace for thermal low fort. - The school is systematically laid out on a C shaped plan. 7.1 PROGRAMME Program outline: a) SOS Children’s village requirements: - 14 family house to accommodate 140 orphaned children’s. - Complex: Office building - SOS director, Assistant director, Youth educator, Social worker, stuff quarter, Garage for cars. - Community house. - Pay field and other facilities.

Night guards for

b) SOS Social center requirement: - Day care center for poor working mothers living in the vicinity. - SOS Kindergarten for poor children’s. - Free prevent and curative treatment for poor children’s and their mothers. - Skill training program for poor mothers - Family strengthening program. A. Office block: 1. Director room: 252sft 2. Conference room: 288sft 3. Officers room: 252sft 4. Lobby, lounge, waiting, reception: 200sft 5. Display corner: 50sft 6. Tea corner: 20sft 7. Store: 20sft 8. Toilets: 184sft Total Area: B. Social centre: Clinic: 1. Waiting room: 2. Doctors room: 3. Toilets: Total Area: Day care centre:

1066sft

418sft 160sft (2) 114sft 852sft


1. Children’s room: 2. Kitchen and store: 3. Dinning: 4. Toilets: Total Area: Skill training centre: 1. Sewing room: 2. Store: 3.. Toilets: Total Area:

1028sft 100sft 600sft 132sft 1860sft 1900sft (501 person) 200sft 100sft 2200sft

Total Area For Social Centre: 4912 sft C. Aunties house(2): 1. Bed room(2): 2. Toilets: Total Area: D. Primary school: 1 Class room: 2. Office room: 3. Headmaster room: 4. Teachers room : 5. Toilets: 6. Verandah: Total Area:

576sft 114sft 690sft 3840sft 384sft 224sft 262sft 328sft 1520sft 6548sft

E. Secondary school: 1. Class room: 3840sft 2. Office room: 384sft 3. Principal room: 250sft 4. vice principal room: 280sft 5. Teachers room: 262sft 6. Toilets: 328sft 7. Verandah: 520sft 8. Library: 2100sft Total Area: 8664sft F.

Multipurpose hall: 1. Main hall: 2. Green room: 3. Stage: 4. Store: 5. Toilets: Total Area:

G. Cafeteria:

3672sft 600sft 1000sft 100sft 300sft 5672sft 1500sft


H. Co workers residence:(2) 1. Bed room: 2. Living and dining: 3. Kitchen: 3. Toilets:

144sft 216sft 80sft 54sft

Total Area: I.

494sft

Asst.director’s residense:(2) 1. Bed room (2): 2. Living: 3. Dinning: 4. Kitchen: 5. Toilets: Total Area:

J.

K.

520sft 200sft 120sft 100sft 84sft 1024sft

Director’s residence: 1. Bed room (2): 2. Living: 3. Dinning: 4. Kitchen: 5. Toilets:

552sft 288sft 160sft 100sft 84sft

Total Area:

1184sft

Family house: 1. Bed room: 2. Mothers bed: 3. Living: 4. Dinning: 5. Study: 6. Kitchen: 7. Toilets: 8. Verandah:

671sft 176sft 110sft 132sft 176sft 99sft 132sft 142sft

No of Family House: Total Area:

14 24570sft

Design of a sos children’s villages shylet  

After the war of independence, when the number of orphan children in a sharp rate, there was a necessity to take action for the destitute ch...

Design of a sos children’s villages shylet  

After the war of independence, when the number of orphan children in a sharp rate, there was a necessity to take action for the destitute ch...

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