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McKenna Tiley Sophomore Portfolio Clemson University


Dual Loop

This is the final project I created using ruled surfaces as an art of construction. I selected this method after completing projects using ruled surfaces, folded plate, and Boolean operations. I was interested in using ruled surfaces in a series to form an interesting line. I started to create a complex loop constructed of ruled surfaces that would appear as two separate lines interacting with each other, and used this to form potential large and small gathering spaces and framed viewpoints. At every exit point, I wanted the structure to draw you back inside. This created a spacial loop of movement as well as physical loop. I drastically carved into the site model I created to emphasize this. page 2


My design process for this project began with modeling paths out of foam board and wooden dowels. I moved onto work in more detail with spaghetti to get a better understanding of the path, and the spaces and forms specific interactions would create. I also drew many sketches to determine the plan of the structure, and interpreted them into 3D models.

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Photograph of the joint design, where I was focusing on the production of the structure in reality. The thicker beams are where the ruled surfaces come in at all different angles. The panels that the ruled surface beams connect around span more space than the slot carved into them, so that the connecting beams can be rotated vertically without specifically manufacting each slot and panel. The panels dictate the hortizontal rotations.


Ruled Surfaces This project explores the building method of ruled surfaces. I was interested in creating a line using a series of ruled surfaces, and how two lines would interact and weave in and out of each other. I experimented with size and orientation until I arrived at the design for my final drawing (left). Translating this pen drawing into a three dimensional model, I chose a segment and interpreted it as a plan drawing.

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Folded Plate This project explores folded plate as an art of construction. Folding has the potential to convert a flat material into a three dimensional structure, and the triangulations formed aid the distribution of loads. I started this project by creating a simple folded plate structure (featured below). I was interesting in creating a gesture and movement using folding. After experimenting with different sizes of folds and forming different twists, I also became interested in the interior and exterior spaces formed from these gestures. The twists reminded me of a sea shell unwinding, and I used that as inspiration for my final model. The crease pattern was six feet long (left), and was pinched in the gray areas to create the effect that I wanted.

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Folded Plate This exercise explored transforming a folded plate structure into a column. I took the idea of different sized triangulations and pinching forward from my previous folded plate structure. I used the same size triangulations in my crease pattern as a constraint, and pinched them together to get the effect that I wanted.

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Boolean Operation When two shapes overlap, each shape has the potential to carve into the other, or for the intersection zone to become a new third shape. This project explored using Boolean operations as a method of construction. To begin the project, I designed a wireframe model that acted as the outer boundary of shapes intersecting inside the constraint of a cube. I wanted there to be an asymmetry and contradiction to my design, so on one side of the cube, I placed two uniform shapes. For the other side, I designed it to be more different and dynamic. To create an interesting zone of intersection, I brought the shapes together. Then, I created a solid void model based on the wireframe model.

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Olin Hall Case Study For the final project of my first semester, I was assigned a building on Clemson University’s campus to analyze. I determined the underlying grid to Olin Hall’s front elevation, as well as figure and field analysis. I then constructed a model based upon these drawings. To capture the experience of Olin Hall, I exaggerated the grid and figures I had found beforehand in a perspective view of the main entrance to the building that in reality is relatively flat.

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Vanna Venturi House Case Study During my second semester, I was assigned the Vanna Venturi House as a case study. I began by drawing the elevations, sections, plans, and site plan. Then, I crafted a model to better understand and represent the form of the house. This model is composed of two different materials to demonstrate the relationship between the exterior and interior. The exterior walls seemed similar to the concept of book ends to me. They are distinct and exaggerated, and become a contradiction to what falls between them. I was interested in how the exterior connected and differed from the interior, so I studied the spacial joint of passing through the main entrance. Lastly, I completed a parti of the home, capturing its complexity and contradiction.

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Lee Hall Movement Analysis During my second semester, I completed a movement analysis for Clemson University’s architecture building, Lee Hall. Students enter into the building after passing under a loggia, which was the focus of this study. To demonstrate the different paths students take, I drew several arrows to show all of the entry and exit options that pass under the loggia. The thicker arrows represent the most common paths. I also wanted to capture the experience of entering this space, so I painted several perspectives that follow along the most common path.

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